Accton Technology SwitcHub-2s Installation guide

Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Advanced Reference Guide
ES3508-TX
E0398-R01
150849-101
Copyright © 1998 by Accton Technology Corporation. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior
written consent of Accton Technology Corporation.
Advanced Reference Guide
Accton makes no warranties with respect to this documentation and disclaims any implied warranties of
merchantability, quality, or fitness for any particular purpose. The information in this document is
subject to change without notice. Accton reserves the right to make revisions to this publication
without obligation to notify any person or entity of any such changes.
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Intelligent Fast Ethernet Switch
with 8 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Ports
and On-board SNMP Management Agent
International Headquarters
No. 1 Creation Road III,
Science-based Industrial Park
Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Phone: 886-3-5770-270
FAX: 886-3-5770-267
BBS: 886-3-5770-654
Internet: support@accton.com.tw
USA Headquarters
1962 Zanker Road
San Jose, CA 95112
Phone: 408-452-8900
FAX: 408-452-8988
BBS: 408-452-8828
FAST FAX: 408-452-8811
Accton is a trademark of Accton Technology Corporation. Other trademarks or brand names mentioned
herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
ES3508-TX
E0398-R01
150849-101
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Contents
Advanced Reference Guide
Introduction
Introduction
1
Making the Connections Required for System Configuration
Onsite Connection
Modem Connection
Telnet Connection
In-Band Network Connection
1
1
1
2
2
Configuring Your System with the On-Board Program
2
The on-board management agent in the Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP provides the switch
with advanced management capabilities. The SwitcHub’s SNMP agent module includes
a menu-driven configuration program that can be accessed by connecting a terminal or
PC to the serial port on the rear panel. You can also access the configuration program
by an in-band Telnet connection, or perform in-band management from any network
management station running SNMP management software (e.g., AccView/Open).
The on-board configuration program allows you to perform the following tasks:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Enable/disable any port
Set the communication mode for any port
Set the switching mode
Configure SNMP parameters
Configure VLAN port grouping
Enable and configure the Spanning Tree Algorithm
Restart the system
Using the System Configuration Program
Performing Basic Configuration
Changing the System Configuration
Assigning SNMP Parameters
Changing System Passwords
Port Grouping Configuration
Configuring Port Parameters
Using the Spanning Tree Algorithm
Configuring the Out-of Band Console
3
4
4
6
8
8
9
10
13
Displaying Statistics and Configuration Data
Displaying a Description of the Switch
Displaying Switch and Port Statistics
Displaying the Address Table
Displaying Port Status
Viewing the Current Spanning Tree Configuration
14
14
14
16
16
17
Downloading System Software
Using TFTP Protocol to Download over the Network
Using the Serial Port to Download Out-of-Band
18
18
19
Resetting the System
19
It also describes how to access the on-board SNMP agent over the network from a
network management station (NMS) using network management software.
Logging Off the System
20
Onsite Connection
Troubleshooting
Telnet Access
20
20
Pin Assignments for Serial Port Connections
DB9 Serial Port Pin Description
DB9 Port Pin Assignments
Connecton from Switch’s 9-Pin Serial Port to PC’s 9-Pin COM Port
Connecton from Switch’s 9-Pin Serial Port to Modem’s25-Pin DCE Port
Connecton from Switch’s 9-Pin Serial Port to PC’s 25-Pin DTE Port
20
20
21
21
21
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Making the Connections Required for System Configuration
The SwitcHub provides a menu-driven configuration program. Also the SNMP agent
allows you to manage the switch from any PC attached to the network using in-band
network management software (e.g., AccView/Open).
Note: Limited configuration (i.e., selecting the port transmission mode) and panel
display selection can be carried out with the Configure button on the front panel.
(Refer to the Quick Installation Guide.)
This section describes how to access the menu-driven configuration program via:
•
•
•
Onsite connection - A terminal or workstation directly connected to the serial port
on the switch.
Modem connection - A workstation connected to a remote SwitcHub via modems.
Telnet connection - A workstation connected to a remote SwitcHub via a network
Telnet connection.
Attach a VT100 compatible terminal or a PC running a terminal emulation program to the
serial port on the SwitcHub’s rear panel. Use the null-modem cable provided with the
product package, or use a null modem cable that complies with the wiring assignments
shown in the back of this guide.
When attaching to a PC, set terminal emulation type to VT100, specify the port used by
your PC (i.e., COM 1~4), and then set communications to 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no
parity, and 9600 bps. Also be sure to set flow control to "none."
Modem Connection
Configure the SwitcHub Site: Connect the switch's DB9 port to the modem's serial port
using standard cabling. For most modems which use a 25-pin port, you will have to
provide an RS232 cable with a 9-pin connector on one end and a 25-pin connection on
the other end. You do not have to set the modem at the switch's site, because the
switch will automatically configure it to auto-answer mode.
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Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Advanced Reference Guide
Configure the Remote Site: At the remote site, connect the PC's COM port (COM 1~4) to
the modem's serial port. Set terminal emulation type to VT100, specify the port used by
your PC (i.e., COM 1~4), and then set communications to 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity,
9600 or 19200 bps and no flow control.
If this is your first time to log into the configuration program, then the default passwords
are still "admin" and "guest." The admin password provides administrator rights with
Read/Write access to all configuration parameters and statistical information. While the
guest password provides observer rights with Read Only access to the management
program. Type "admin" at this time and press <Enter> to open the Main Menu.
Telnet Connection
Prior to accessing the switch via an in-band Telnet connection or in-band management
software (e.g., AccView/Open), you must first configure it with a valid IP address,
subnet mask, and default gateway using an out-of-band connection. After configuring
the switch's IP parameters, you can Telnet into its on-board menu-driven configuration
program from anywhere within the attached network.
Note: Only one Telnet connection at a time is supported. If one Telnet session already
exists, a second Telnet connection will not be able to log into the system.
In-Band Network Connection
The in-band network management station is the personal computer used to run your
network management software. If proper network connections are available, you can
access the on-board management agent from anywhere in the attached network.
However, prior to accessing the SwitcHub via network management software, you
must first configure it with a valid IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway using
an out-of-band connection or the BOOTP protocol.
Note that the on-board program configuration functions only provide access to the
switch's private MIB. To access the full range of SNMP management functions, you
must use network management software.
Note: To access the full range of SNMP mangement functions, you must use SNMPbased network mangement software. Accton provides Windows-based SNMP
software called AccView/Open. Note that AccView/Open’s Fast SwitcHub-8mi
SNMP Manager software can also be easily integrated into most third-party
management platforms.
Configuring Your System with the On-board Program
Once the connection is established, the login screen for the on-board configuration
program appears as shown below.
AAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAA AAAAA
AAAAAA
AAAAA
AAAAAA
AAAAA
AAAAAA
AAAAA
AAAAAA
AAAAA
AAAAAA
AAAAA
AAAAAA
AAAAAAAAA
AAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAA
CCCCCCC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CCCCCCC
CCCCCCC TTTTTTTTTT
OOOOOO
CC
CC
TT
OO
OO
CC
TT
OO
OO
CC
TT
OO
OO
CC
CC
TT
OO
OO
CCCCCCC
TT
OOOOOO
Main Board
Main Board
Agent Module
Agent Module
:
Version
Version
Version
Version
1.0
1.0
2.0
1.2
Type password, then press <ENTER>
2
Configuration parameters are described in the following section.
Notes: 1. Only one connection with administrator rights is allowed to log into the
system at one time. If one administrator session already exists, a second
connection with administrator rights will not be able to log in to the system.
2. A user is allowed three attempts to enter the correct password; on the third
failed attempt the user will be locked out of the system.
Using the System Configuration Program
With the system configuration program you can define system parameters, manage and
control the switch and its associated ports, or monitor network conditions. The figure
below of the Main Menu and the following table briefly describe the selections available
from this program.
Note: Input options for the currently selected item are displayed in the highlighted area at
the bottom of the interface screen.
Main Menu
Information & Statistics :
System Information...
Statistics...
Spanning Tree Information...
Port Status...
Address Table...
Configuration :
System Configuration...
SNMP Configuration...
Password Configuration...
Virtual LAN Configuration...
Port Configuration...
Spanning Tree Configuration...
Console Configuration...
Download & Reset :
TFTP Download...
Reset...
Serial Download
LOGOFF
NN
NN
NNN
NN
NN NN
NN
NN
NN NN
NN
NNN
NN
NN
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
(c) Copyright Accton Technology Corp., 1997-All rights reserved.
Hardware
Firmware
Hardware
Firmware
Password
You should define a password, record it and put it in a safe place. Select Password
Configuration from the Main Menu and enter a password. Note that passwords can
consist of up to 24 alphanumeric characters and are not case sensitive.
Enter System Information Screen
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> for quick exit and logoff
Menu
Description
Configuration
System Configuration
Identifies system by name, location and contact. Also shows basic IP
setup.
SNMP Configuration
Configures communities and trap managers.
Password Configuration
Sets Administrator and User passwords.
Virtual LAN Configuration
Assigns switch ports to form up to eight independent LAN groups.
3
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Menu
Port Configuration
Description
Advanced Reference Guide
(continued)
System Configuration
Disables/enables any port; sets communication mode to autonegotiation, full duplex or half duplex; sets the aging time for entries in
the address table, the processing scheme for forwarding packets to
adaptive cut-through, cut-through, fragment-free cut-through, or storeand-forward; and enables/disables flow control.
System Name
System Location
System Contact
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
MIS
Accton Technical Support Dept.
Spanning Tree Configuration Enables/disables Spanning Tree Algorithm; also sets parameters for
switch priority, hello time, maximum message age, and forward delay;
as well as port priority and path cost.
IP Address
Default Gateway
Subnet Mask
IP State
Send Ping
192.72.24.31
192.72.24.202
255.255.255.0
BootP When Needed
Console Configuration
Return to Previous Menu
Sets the communication parameters for the serial port, including baud
rate and console time-out.
Information & Statistics
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
System Information
Provides detailed system description, including MAC address, MIB
identifier, network interface type, and other basic system information.
Statistics
Shows statistics for the whole switch or for each port, including lost
frames, dropped frames, and currently active stations.
Spanning Tree Information
Displays full listing of parameters for Spanning Tree Algorithm.
Name
Port Status
Shows the operational state for each port, including enable/disable, link
status, transmission speed and mode, forwarding scheme, and flow
control
System Description
Address Table
Shows the current addresses associated with each port.
Download & Reset
TFTP Download
Downloads new version of firmware to update your system (via inband).
Serial Download
Downloads new firmware to update your system (via on-board
program).
Reset
Resets hardware or configuration parameters, or clears port address
table.
LOGOFF
System Name
Name assigned to the SwitcHub system (max. 30 alphanumeric characters).
System Location
Specifies the area or location where the system resides (max. 30 alphanumeric
characters).
System Contact
Contact person for the system (max. 30 alphanumeric characters).
IP Configuration
IP Address
IP address of the agent you're managing. The SwitcHub system supports
SNMP over UDP/IP transport protocol. In this environment, all systems on the
Internet, such as network interconnection devices and Network Management
Stations (e.g., a PC running AccView/Open) are assigned an IP address. Valid
IP addresses consist of four numbers, of 0 to 255, separated by periods,
anything outside of this format will not be accepted by the configuration
program.
Default Gateway
Gateway used in passing trap messages from the SwitcHub agent to the
management station.
Subnet Mask
Subnet mask of the agent you've selected. This mask identifies the host
address bits used for routing to specific subnets.
IP State
Specifies whether or not the IP address is set by the Boot Protocol (BOOTP).
Options include:
Exits the configuration program and discontinues communications.
Performing Basic Configuration
After initially logging onto the system, use the Configuration menu to adjust the
communication parameters for your console to ensure a reliable connection. Next, set
the Administrator and User passwords. Remember to record them in a safe place.
Then set the community string which controls access to the on-board SNMP agent via
in-band management software.
IP Disabled - The switch will not process any IP or Address Resolution
Protocol (ARP) frames it receives. It will not respond to SNMP, Ping, Telnet or
ARP frames that are received.
The other items provided by the Configuration menu are used to set specific
communication parameters for individual ports, and to fine-tune the performance of your
switch by adjusting the forwarding mode, flow control, and specific Spanning Tree
parameters. Each setup screen provided by the Configuration menu is described in the
following sections.
BOOTP When Needed - If a non-zero IP address has been stored in EEPROM,
IP is enabled and will function immediately. However, if the IP address in
EEPROM is zero (0.0.0.0), the switch will broadcast BOOTP requests to try to
learn its IP address. This is the only IP function that will work until it receives a
response. This is the default option.
Changing the System Configuration
Use the System Configuration screen to display and modify descriptive information
about the switch, or to configure the switch's Internet Protocol (IP) parameters. This
screen, as seen below, is described in the following table.
BOOTP Always - IP is enabled, but will not function until a BOOTP reply has
been received. If a non-zero IP address is stored in EEPROM, it will be
cleared to zero when the switch is booted.
Send Ping
4
Description
Sends ICMP echo request to specified site. Ping is used to see if another site
on the internet can be reached.
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Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Advanced Reference Guide
BOOTP - When BOOTP is selected, the switch repeats requests at regular intervals,
until it receives a valid reply. The requests will cease if a valid IP address is configured
or the IP state is set to IP Disabled.
Community Strings
Index Community Names
Mode
--------------------------------------------------1
public
Read/Write
Once the switch stops sending BOOTP requests, it does not resume sending requests
or recognize BOOTP responses unless the switch is reset. The parameters in a BOOTP
response that are recognized and recorded in the switch's EEPROM are:
•
•
•
•
•
IP Address
Default Gateway
Subnet Mask
TFTP Boot File Name
TFTP Server IP Address
Return
Add Entry
Delete Entry
Change Entry
Clear Entry
Assigning SNMP Parameters
Use the SNMP Configuration screen to display and modify parameters for the Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMP). The switch includes an on-board SNMP agent
which monitors the status of its hardware, as well as the traffic passing through its
ports. A computer attached to the network, called a Network Management Station
(NMS), can be used to access this information. Access rights to the on-board agent are
controlled by community strings. To communicate with the switch, the NMS must first
submit a valid community string for authentication. The options for configuring
community strings and related trap functions are described in the following figures and
table:
Return to SNMP Configuration Screen
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
Trap Receivers
Index IP Address
Community Names
---------------------------------------------------------1
192.72.24.119
public
SNMP Configuration
Send Authentication Traps
Yes
Community Strings...
Return
Add Entry
Delete Entry
Change Entry
Clear Entry
Trap Receivers...
Return to Previous Menu
Return to SNMP Configuration Screen
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
Name
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
Description
Send Authentication Traps Issue a trap message whenever authentication of an SNMP request fails.
The default is to issue traps to specified receiver stations.
Community Strings 1
The community strings authorized for trap management access. All
community strings used for IP Trap Managers must be listed in this table.
Up to 8 community names may be entered.
Community Name
A community entry authorized for trap management access (maximum 30
characters).
Mode
Trap Receivers
Management access is restricted to Read or Read/Write.
IP management stations selected to receive trap messages from the
system. Up to 8 trap receivers may be entered in this table.
IP Address
IP address of the management station.
Community Name
The community string required for trap management access (maximum 30
characters).
1 - This switch provides a default community string of "Public" with Read/Write access.
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Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Advanced Reference Guide
Changing System Passwords
Parameter
Description
Use the Password Configuration screen to display and modify passwords for the onboard configuration program. There are two user types, "Administrator" and " Normal
User," the access privilege is Read/Write for Administrator and Read Only for Normal
User. The default passwords are "Admin" and "Guest." Only the Administrator has
write access for parameters governing the SNMP agent. You should therefore assign a
password to the Administrator as soon as possible, and store it in a safe place.
Port
Port number on the switch.
Group1 - 8
You can configure up to a maximum of 8 independent groups. Ports can belong
to more than one group. "Yes" indicates that the port has been assigned to that
group, "No" indicates it is not assigned. The default is all ports assigned to
Group1 only. Note that the Spanning Tree Algorithm will be automatically
disabled if two or more groups are configured.
Passwords can consist of up to 24 alphanumeric characters and are not case
sensitive. The configuration program will allow a user three attempts at entering a
correct password before locking the user out by terminating the connection. If for some
reason your password is lost, or you can not gain access to the System Configuration
Program, you should contact your Accton distributor for assistance.
Configuring Port Parameters
Use the Port Configuration screen to configure any port on the switch. In addition to the
functional parameters listed in the table below, note that you can also enable/disable
any port.
The Password Configuration screen appears as shown below.
Port Configuration
Password Configuration
Port Enabled Duplex AgingTime SwitchingMode FlowControl
-------------------------------------------------------------1
Yes
Auto
300
A-CT
Yes
2
Yes
Full
300
A-CT
Yes
3
Yes
Full
300
CT
Yes
4
Yes
Auto
300
A-CT
No
5
Yes
Auto
300
FgFree
No
6
Yes
Auto
300
CT
Yes
7
Yes
Half
300
A-CT
Yes
8
Yes
Half
300
A-CT
Yes
Set Administrator Password
Set Normal User Password
Return to Previous Menu
input old administrator password :
Return to Previous Menu
Change password of the Administrator
Press <CTRL><X> to cancel. Press <ENTER> to accept changes.
Port Grouping Configuration
Use the Virtual LAN Configuration: Port Grouping Configuration screen to assign any
port on the switch to any of up to eight LAN groups. In conventional networks with
routers, broadcast traffic is split up into separate domains. Switches do not inherently
support broadcast domains. This can lead to broadcast storms in large networks that
handle a lot of IPX traffic. Port grouping can be used to create broadcast domains,
confining broadcast traffic to the originating group, and providing a much cleaner
network environment.
Port Grouping Configuration
Port Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4 Group5 Group6 Group7 Group8
-------------------------------------------------------------------1
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
2
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
3
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
4
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
5
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
6
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
7
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
8
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
Return to Previous Menu
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
Parameter
Default
Description
Enabled
Yes
Allows you to disable a port due to abnormal behavior (e.g.,
excessive collisions), and then re-enable it after the problem has
been resolved. You may also disable a port for security reasons.
Duplex
Auto
Ports support auto-negotiation, full duplex, and half duplex.
Aging Time
300 secs.
The time-out period in seconds for aging out dynamically learned
forwarding information. The input range is 0 - 43200 seconds.
Switching Mode
A-CT
Sets the method for forwarding packets to "cut-through (CT),"
"fragment-free cut-through (FgFree)," "adaptive cut-through (A-CT),"
or "store and forward (S & F)." For details, see Switching Methods
on the next page.
Flow Control
yes
Used to enable or disable flow control. Flow control relies on back
pressure, which can eliminate frame loss by "blocking" traffic from
end stations or segments connected directly to the switch when its
buffers fill.
Return to Virtual LAN Configuration Screen
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
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Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Communication Mode - If you use auto-negotiation, be sure the attached device also
supports this mode. If any device attached to the switch runs at full duplex, but does
not support auto-negotiation, you will need to manually set the communication mode to
full duplex. However, once set, the communication mode setting will remain unchanged,
even if the link is broken (e.g., by unplugging the cable, or by a power reset).
To restore auto-negotiation after manually selecting half or full duplex, use the Configure
button, on-board management program, or SNMP network management software to set
the communication mode to auto-negotiation.
Notes: 1. Full duplex can only be used for a dedicated link. When connecting to a
shared collision domain (e.g., a repeater hub) be sure the transmission mode
is set for half-duplex.
2. The de facto standard for auto-negotiation is used in this switch.
Advanced Reference Guide
selects a root port on each bridging device (except for the root device) which incurs
the lowest path cost when forwarding a packet from that device to the root device.
Then it selects a designated bridging device from each LAN which incurs the lowest
path cost when forwarding a packet from that LAN to the root device. All ports
connected to designated bridging devices are assigned as designated ports. After
determining the lowest cost spanning tree, it enables all root ports and designated
ports, and disables all other ports. Network packets are therefore only forwarded
between root ports and designated ports, eliminating any possible network loops.
The following figure gives an illustration of how the Spanning Tree Algorithm assigns
bridging device ports.
Switching Methods - The SwitcHub employs a dynamic forwarding architecture that
enables it to support the following switching modes, "adaptive cut-through," "cutthrough," "fragment-free cut-through," and "store-and-forward." The function of each
of these switching methods can be described as follows.
• Cut-through: A packet is forwarded as soon as the 6-byte destination address in
the packet header has been scanned, it does not wait until the entire packet has been
received. This technique, which requires the least processing time, reduces the
latency of packet transmission to 20 microseconds or less.
• Fragment-free cut-through: A packet is forwarded only after the first 64 bytes
have been received. This prevents runts from being passed along, effectively
cleaning up the data stream. This mode is beneficial when it is probable that the
collision rate will be high (i.e., when the switch is used to interconnect several
shared segments, each having a large number of end stations).
• Store-and-forward: An entire packet is received into a buffer so it can be checked
for validity before being forwarded to another port. This prevents errors from being
propagated throughout the network.
• Adaptive cut-through: This method utilizes Accton's smart algorithm to dynamically
change between switching modes based on the current CRC error rate. Switching
starts with standard cut-through for a clean data environment, changes to fragmentfree cut-through for a higher error rate, and then to store-and-forward for a highly
contentious environment.
To ensure that you can manage any network load without manual intervention, adaptivecut-through is used as the default switching method. By using this method, the
SwitcHub delivers the best network performance under any environment.
Using the Spanning Tree Algorithm
The Spanning Tree Algorithm (i.e., the STA configuration algorithm as outlined in IEEE
802.1D) can be used to detect and disable network loops, and to provide link backup.
This allows the switch to interact with other bridging devices (i.e., STA compliant
switch, bridge or router) in your network to ensure that only one route exists between
any two stations on the network. If redundant paths or loops are detected, one or more
ports are put into a blocking state (i.e., stopped from forwarding packets) to eliminate
the extra paths. Moreover, if one or more of the paths in a stable spanning tree
topology fail, this algorithm will automatically change ports from blocking state to
forwarding state to reestablish contact with all network stations.
Configurable STA parameters can be seen in the figure below and are described in the
following table.
Spanning Tree Configuration
Spanning Tree Algorithm
Priority
32768
Hello Time
2
Maximum Message Age
Forward Delay
Yes
20
15
Port
Priority
Path Cost
----------------------------------------------------1
128
10
2
128
10
3
128
10
4
128
10
5
128
10
6
128
10
7
128
10
8
128
10
Return to Previous Menu
Take Effect immediately
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
The STA uses a distributed algorithm to select a bridging device (i.e., STA compliant
switch, bridge or router) that serves as the root of the spanning tree network. It
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Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Parameter
Default
Description
Switch
Spanning Tree Algorithm
Enabled
Enable this parameter to participate in an STA compliant network.
Priority
32,768
Device priority is used in selecting the root device, root port, and
designated port. The device with the highest priority becomes the
STA root device. However, if all devices have the same priority,
the device with the lowest MAC address will then become the root
device.
Advanced Reference Guide
Parameter
Default
Description
Path Cost
10 or 100
This parameter is used by the STA algorithm to determine the best
path between devices. Therefore, lower values should be
assigned to ports attached to faster media, and higher values
assigned to ports with slower media. The default is automatically
set (depending on the negotiated transmission speed) according to
the following formula:
Recommended Path Cost = 1000/(LAN speed in Mbps);
i.e., default is set at 10 for Fast Ethernet or 100 for standard
Ethernet.
Enter a value from 0 - 65535.
Remember that the lower the numeric value, the higher the priority.
Hello Time
2
The time interval (in seconds) at which the root device transmits a
configuration message.
The minimum value is 1.
The maximum value is the lower of 10 or [(Max. Message Age /
2) -1].
Maximum Message Age
20
The maximum time (in seconds) a device can wait without
receiving a configuration message before attempting to reconfigure.
All device ports (except for designated ports) should receive
configuration messages at regular intervals. Any port that ages out
STA information (provided in the last configuration message)
becomes the designated port for the attached LAN. If it is a root
port, a new root port is selected from among the device ports
attached to the network.
The range is 0 - 65535.
Note: Path cost takes precedence over port priority.
Note: For a listing of the current STA settings, refer to the Spanning Tree Information screen under the
Information & Statistics menu.
Configuring the Out-of-Band Console
You can access the on-board configuration program by attaching a VT100 compatible
device to the switch's serial port. (For more information on connecting to this port, refer
to the section on Making the Connections Required for System Configuration on page 2.)
The communication parameters for this port are accessed from the Console Configuration
screen seen below and described in the following table.
Console Configuration
The minimum value is the higher of 6 or [2 x (Hello Time + 1)].
The maximum value is the lower of 40 or [2 x (Forward Delay 1)].
Forward Delay
15
(continued)
Console Baudrate
9600
Console Time-Out (in Minutes)
5
The maximum time (in seconds) the root device will wait before
changing states (i.e., listening to learning to forwarding). This
delay is required because every device must receive information
about topology changes before it starts to forward frames. In
addition, each port needs time to listen for conflicting information
that would make it return to a blocking state; otherwise, temporary
data loops might result.
Return to Previous Menu
The minimum value is the higher of 4 or [(Max. Message Age / 2)
+ 1].
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
The maximum value is 30.
Port
Priority
128
Defines the priority for the use of a port in the STA algorithm. If the
path cost for all ports on a switch are the same, the port with the
highest priority (i.e., lowest value) will be configured as an active
link in the spanning tree. Where more than one port is assigned
the highest priority, the port with lowest numeric identifier will be
enabled.
The range is 0 - 255.
12
Parameter
Default
Description
Console Baud Rate
9600 bps
The rate at which data is sent between devices. Supported baud
rates are 9600, 19200 bps and autobaud.
Console Time-Out
5 minutes
If no input is received from the attached device after this interval
(in minutes), the current session is automatically closed.
Range: 0 - 60 minutes; where 0 indicates disabled.
13
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Advanced Reference Guide
Displaying Statistics and Configuration Data
Displaying a Description of the Switch
Use the System Information screen to display descriptive information about the switch, or
for quick system identification. This screen is detailed in the figure below and the following
table describing the displayed parameters:
System Information
System Description
MAC Address
Interface Description
System Name
System Location
System Contact
System Up Time
No of Reset Since Power On
Statistics
Time Since Last Reset Port 1 Statisitcs:
No of Reset Port 1 Statistics Since Power On:
Local Frames Received
3244
Forwarded Frames
1234
Learning Broadcast Frames 12
Long Frames
39
Short Frames
19
Collisions
205
Intelligent Fast Ethernet Switch
00:00:E8:44:20:04
Accton MPX2 Ver 1.0
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
MIS
Accton Technical Support Dept.
19Day, 2Hr, 41Min, 5Sec
1
Return
Display
11Day 10Hr 30Min 30Sec
1
CRC Errors
Input Queue Frame Lost
Output Queue Frame Lost
No of Frames in Input Queue
No of Frames in Output Queue
Currently Active Stations
Refresh Screen
205
0
0
20
6
86
Reset Statistics
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
Return to Previous Menu
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
Parameter
Description
System Description
System hardware description.
MAC Address
Hardware address for the switch.
Interface Description
Firmware name and version used in transceiver chips.
System Name
Name assigned to the switch system (maximum 30 characters).
System Location
Specifies the area or location where the system resides (maximum 30
characters).
System Contact
Contact person for the system (maximum 30 characters).
System Up Time
Length of time the switch management agent has been running.
No. of Reset Since Power On Number of times the switch has been reset.
Name
Description
Local Frames Received
Number of frames confined to this segment and not forwarded by the
switch.
Forwarded Frames
Number of frames forwarded to another segment.
Learning Broadcast Frames
Number of learning broadcast frames received on this port.
Long Frames
Number of times frame length has exceeded the maximum allowable
size (i.e., 1518 bytes).
Short Frames
Number of frames less than 64 bytes long.
Collisions
Number of simultaneous node transmissions detected by this port.
CRC Errors
Number of CRC errors.
Input Queue Frame Lost
Number of frames lost because the input queue is full.
Output Queue Frame Lost
Number of frames lost because the output queue is full.
No. of Frames in Input Queue
Number of frames in the input queue.
No. of Frames in Output Queue Number of frames in the output queue.
Currently Active Stations
Number of entries in the address table (i.e., the sum of all stations listed
by this port, regardless of whether they belong to the local segment or to
another segment).
Displaying Switch and Port Statistics
Use the Statistics screen to display key statistics for each port or the whole switch. The
Statistics screen displays overall statistics on the traffic passing through each port, as well
as the number of currently active stations. This information can be used to identify potential
problems with the switch (e.g., a faulty port). The values displayed have been accumulated
since the last system reboot or counter reset.
Use the command options provided by the menu bar at the bottom of the screen. Select
"Display" to view statistics for each individual port or the whole switch, or "Refresh" to
update the displayed statistics from the MIB. Statistical values displayed by this screen are
indicated in the following figure and table.
14
15
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Advanced Reference Guide
Displaying the Address Table
Parameter
Description
The Address Table contains the MAC addresses associated with each port. (i.e., address
and associated source port). To access information in the address tables, use the command
options provided by the menu bar at the bottom of the screen. Use the "Display" command
to select a port, "More" to scroll through a long listing, or "Search" to find a specific
address. The fields displayed by this screen are indicated in the following figure and table.
Enabled1
Shows if the port is enabled or not.
Link
Indicates if a device is attached to the port and transmitting a link pulse signal.
Speed
Shows if the port connection is operating at 10 or 100Mbps. Port speed is
automatically set to match the speed of the attached device.
Duplex 1
Shows if the port is currently operating at full duplex or half duplex.
AgingTime 1
Time in seconds after which unused addresses will be discarded from the port's
address table.
Switching Mode 1
Shows the method used for forwarding packets as "cut-through," "fragment-free cutthrough," "adaptive cut-through," or "store and forward." (See Switching Methods 0n
page 11 for a more detailed description of these methods.)
Flow Control 1
Shows if flow control is enabled or disabled. Flow control uses back pressure,
which can eliminate frame loss by "blocking" traffic from end stations or segments
connected directly to the switch when its buffers fill up.
Address Table
Time Since Last Clear Port 1 Address Table :
19Day, 3Hr, 43Min, 38Sec
No of Clear Port 1 Address Table Since Power On : 1
Address
Port
-------------------------00 00 E8 C0 00 01
1
00 00 E8 C1 23 56
1
00 00 E8 C0 10 51
1
00 00 E8 00 42 15
1
00 00 E8 C0 60 01
1
00 00 E8 C5 23 45
1
00 00 E8 C5 23 55
1
00 00 E8 C5 23 65
1
00 00 E8 C5 23 75
1
Return
Address
Port
-------------------------00 00 E8 C0 00 51
1
00 00 E8 C1 23 26
1
00 00 E8 C0 13 81
1
00 00 E8 C0 42 25
1
00 00 E8 C0 61 04
1
00 00 E8 C1 24 33
1
--- End of Address Tables ---
1 - Use the Port Configuration screen to change this parameter.
Viewing the Current Spanning Tree Configuration
Display
More
Search
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
The Current Spanning Tree Information screen displays a summary of the Spanning Tree
configuration for each port. To make any changes to the parameters for the Spanning Tree,
use the Configuration Menu. Also note that this screen cannot be accessed unless you
have already enabled the Spanning Tree Algorithm via the Configuration Menu. The
parameters shown in this screen are indicated in the following figure and table.
Current Spanning Tree Information
Name
Description
Address
The MAC address of a node.
Source Port
The port whose address table includes this MAC address.
Hello Time : 2
Max message Age : 20
Forward Delay : 15
Root : 32768.0000E8C00001
Root Port : 1
Root Cost : 20
Topology Change Count : 1
Time Since Last Topology Change : 0Day, 9Hr, 9Min, 0Sec
Port State
DesignatedCost DesignatedBridgeID DesignatedPort
-----------------------------------------------------------------------1
Disabled
128
32769.0000E8C02004
128.1
2
Blocking
128
32770.0000E8C02008
128.1
3
Listening
128
32771.0000E8C02010
128.1
4
Learning
128
32772.0000E8C02018
128.1
5
Forwarding
128
32773.0000E8C02020
128.1
6
Forwarding
128
32774.0000E8C02028
128.1
7
Learning
128
32775.0000E8C02038
128.1
8
Listening
128
32776.0000E8C02040
128.1
Displaying Port Status
The Port Status screen displays the current status for each port on the switch. If you need
to modify the connection parameters or switch processing scheme for any port, refer to the
earlier section on Configuring Port Parameters. The fields displayed by this screen are
indicated in the following figure and table.
Port Status
Return to Previous Menu
Port Enabled Link Speed Duplex AgingTime SwitchingMode FlowControl
--------------------------------------------------------------------------1
Yes
up
100M
Full
300
A-CT
Yes
2
Yes
up
100M
Full
300
A-CT
Yes
3
Yes
up
100M
Full
300
CT
Yes
4
Yes
up
100M
Full
300
A-CT
Yes
5
Yes
up
100M
Full
300
FgFree
Yes
6
Yes
up
100M
Full
300
A-CT
Yes
7
Yes
down 100M
Half
300
CT
Yes
8
Yes
down 100M
Half
300
CT
Yes
Return to Previous Menu
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
16
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
Parameter
Description
Hello Time
The time interval (in seconds) at which the root device transmits a configuration
message.
Forward Delay
The maximum time (in seconds) the root device will wait before changing
states (i.e., listening to learning to forwarding).
Root Port
The number of the port on this switch that is closest to the root. This switch
communicates with the root device through this port. If there is no root port,
then this switch has been accepted as the root device of the spanning tree
network.
17
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Parameter
Description
Max. Message Age
The maximum time (in seconds) a device can wait without receiving a
configuration message before attempting to reconfigure.
Root
The priority and MAC address of the device in the spanning tree that this switch
has accepted as the root device.
Advanced Reference Guide
(continued)
TFTP Download
TFTP Server Address
192.72.24.17
Download Filename
es3508.bin
Root Cost
The path cost from the root port on this switch to the root device.
Execute Network Download
Topology Change Count
The number of times a switch port has entered the forwarding state, plus the
number of times a port has changed from forwarding to blocking. This counter
is reset when the switch is reset or the spanning tree is turned on.
Return to Previous Menu
Time Since Last Topology The time since a switch port last entered the forwarding state, or made a
transition Change from forwarding to blocking.
Port
The port number on the switch.
State
Displays the current state of this port within the spanning tree:
Disabled
Port has been disabled by the user or has failed diagnostics.
Blocked
Port receives STA configuration messages, but does not forward
packets.
Listening
Learning
Parameter
Description
TFTP Server Address
IP address of a TFTP server.
Port will leave blocking state due to topology change, starts
transmitting configuration messages, but does not yet forward
packets.
Download Filename
The *.bin file to download.
Execute Network Download
Issues request to TFTP server to download the specified file.
Has transmitted configuration messages for an interval set by the
Forward Delay parameter without receiving contradictory
information. Port address table is cleared, and the port begins
learning addresses.
Using the Serial Port to Download Out-of-Band
Forwarding The port forwards packets, and continues learning addresses.
Use the Serial Download command under the Download & Reset menu to update available
software in the switch. The download file should be an ES3508 *.bin file from Accton;
otherwise the agent will not accept it.
• If two ports of a switch are connected to the same segment and there is no
other STA device attached to this segment, the port with the smaller ID
forwards packets and the other is blocked.
This command specifies direct download from an attached device via the serial port. You
may download using any terminal emulation program that can transmit binary files using
Xmodem protocol. Position the highlight cursor over "Serial Download" and press the
<Enter> key. After selecting a file and the Xmodem protocol, initiate sending the file from
your computer by specifying "send" or "upload" file. The terminal emulation program will
display the progress of the download process. After downloading the new software, the
agent will automatically restart itself.
• All ports are blocked when the switch is booted, then some of them change
state to listening, to learning, and then to forwarding.
Resetting the System
The rules defining port status are:
• A port on a network segment with no other STA compliant bridging device is
always forwarding.
Designated Cost
The cost for a packet to travel from this port to the root in the current spanning
tree configuration. The slower the media, the higher the cost.
Designated Bridge ID
The priority and MAC address of the device through which this port must
communicate to reach the root of the spanning tree.
Designated Port
The port on the designated bridging device through which this switch must
communicate with the root of the spanning tree.
Downloading System Software
Using TFTP Protocol to Download over the Network
Use the TFTP Download screen under the Download & Reset menu to load software
updates into the switch. The download file should be an ES3508 *.bin file from Accton;
otherwise the agent will not accept it. The success of the download operation depends on
the accessibility of the TFTP server and the quality of the network connection. After
downloading the new software, the agent will automatically restart itself. The parameters
shown in this screen are indicated in the following figure and table.
18
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
Use the Reset command under the Download & Reset menu to reset the system or clear the
address table. The information and reset options listed on this screen are detailed in the
following figure and table.
Reset
Display Diagnostics While Power-On
Yes
Reset Unit with Diagnostics
Reset Unit without Diagnostics
Clear Address Table
Reset EEprom to Factory Default Value
Return to Previous Menu
Return to Main Menu
Use cursor keys to choose item. Press <ENTER> to confirm choice.
Press <CTRL><N> to return to the Main Menu
19
Fast SwitcHub-8mi SNMP
Parameter
Description
Display Diagnostics While Power-On
Diagnostic indicators can be enabled/disabled during a hard reset.
Reset Unit with Diagnostics
Resets the unit and runs diagnostics. Clears all counters and
restores configuration parameters from nonvolatile memory. The
full process requires about 30 seconds.
Reset Unit without Diagnostics
Resets the unit without running diagnostics. Clears all counters
and restores configuration parameters from nonvolatile memory.
Clear Address Table
Clears the address table.
Reset EEprom to Factory Default Value Resets all counters and restores factory defaults for all configuration
parameters.
Logging Off the System
Use the Logoff command under the Main Menu to exit the System Configuration Program and
end all communications with the switch for that session.
Troubleshooting
Refer to the Quick Installation Guide for a more detailed listing of troubleshooting
procedures. However, if you have trouble making a Telnet connection, then please refer to
the following section.
Telnet Access
You can Telnet into the switch from anywhere within the attached network. However, you
must first configure the switch with a valid IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway.
If you have trouble establishing a link to the on-board menu-driven configuration program,
check to see if you have a valid network connection. Then verify that you entered the
correct IP address from your remote Telnet location. Also, be sure the port through which
you are connecting to the switch has not been disabled. (See Configuring Port Parameters
on page 10.) If it has not been disabled, then check the network cabling that runs between
your remote Telnet site and the switch.
Note: Only one Telnet connection at a time is supported. If one Telnet session already
exists, a second Telnet connection will not be able to log into the system.
Pin Assignments for Serial Port Connections
DB9 Serial Port Pin Description
The DB9 serial port on the SwitcHub rear panel is used to
connect the switch to a management device. The on-board
menu-driven configuration program can be accessed from a terminal, a PC running a
terminal emulation program, or from a remote location via a modem connection. You can use
the management port to configure port settings (e.g., enabled or disabled), or to update
device firmware. The pin assignments used to connect various device types to the
switch's management port are provided in the following tables.
20
Advanced Reference Guide
DB9 Port Pin Assignments
EI A
Circuit
CCITT
Signal
CF
BB
BA
CD
AB
CC
CA
CB
CE
109
104
103
108.2
102
107
105
106
125
Description
DCD (Data Carrie r De te c te d )
RxD (Re c e ive d Data)
TxD (Trans mitte d Data)
DTR (Data Te rminal Re ad y)
SG (Sig nal Gro und )
DSR (Data Se t Re ad y)
RTS (Re q ue s t-to -Se nd )
CTS (Cle ar-to -Se nd )
RI (Ring Ind ic ato r)
Switch's
DB9 DTE
Pi n #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
PC DB9
DTE
Pi n #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Modem
DB25 DCE
Pi n #
8
3
2
20
7
6
4
5
22
Signal
Direction
DTE-DCE
<--------<----------------->
--------->
--------<----------------->
<--------<---------
Connection from Switch's 9-Pin Serial Port to PC's 9-Pin COM Port
Switch's 9-Pin
Serial Port
1 DCD
2 RXD
3 TXD
4 DTR
5 SGND
6 DSR
7 RTS
8 CTS
9 RI
CCITT Signal
------- DCD -------<----- TXD --------------- RXD ------>
------- DSR ------>
------- SGND ------------ DTR -------------- CTS ------>
<------ RTS -------------- RI -----------
PC's 9-Pin
COM Port
1
3
2
6
5
4
8
7
9
Connection from Switch's 9-Pin Serial Port to Modem's 25-Pin DCE Port
Switch's 9-Pin
Serial Port
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
CCITT Signal
<------ DCD ------<------ RXD -------------- TXD ------>
-------- DTR ------>
-------- SGND ----<------ DSR -------------- RTS ------>
<------ CTS ------<------ RI -------
Modem's 25-Pin
COM Port
8
3
2
20
7
6
4
5
22
Connection from Switch's 9-Pin Serial Port to PC's 25-Pin DTE Port
Switch's 9-Pin
Serial Port
1 DCD
2 RXD
3 TXD
4 DTR
5 SGND
6 DSR
7 RTS
8 CTS
9 RI
Null Modem
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
20
1
3
2
8
20
7
4
5
6
8
3
2
20
7
6
4
5
22
PC's 25-Pin
DTE Port
DCD
TXD
RXD
DTR
SGND
DSR
RTS
CTS
RI
21