Alpha Microsystems AM-649 Instruction manual

AM-65X
High Capacity ¼”
Streaming Tape Drive
Installation Instructions
PDI-00651-00, Rev A01
© 2004 ALPHA MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
FIRST EDITION: AUGUST 2001
A01: February 2005
To re-order this document, request part number PDI-00651-00
FCC Notice
This equipment is assembled from components that have been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this
equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at
his own expense.
Canadian Department of Communications Compliance Statement
This equipment does not exceed Class A limits per radio noise emissions for digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference
Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications. Operation in a residential area may cause unacceptable interference to
radio and TV reception requiring the owner or operator to take whatever steps are necessary to correct the interference.
Avis de Conformité aux Normes du Ministère des Communications du Canada
Cet équipment ne deapsse pas les limits de Classe A d'émission de bruits radioélectriques pour les appareils numeriques tels que
prescrites par le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique établi par le ministère des Communications du Canada. L'exploitation faite
en milleu résidential peut entrainer le brouillage des réceptions radio et tele, ce qui obligerait le propriétaire ou l'opératour à pendre les
dispositions nécessaires pour en éliminer les causes.
Electrical Warning
This equipment contains components that can be damaged by static electricity. Follow all electronic discharge precautions when
handling the equipment. For example, touch the metal back panel of the CPU or peripheral chassis to dissipate any electrical charge
before touching the circuit boards or equipment within the chassis. After turning off power, before you open your computer chassis,
unplug the cord from the electrical outlet to guard against electrical shock.
ALPHA MICROSYSTEMS,INC.
17534 Von Karman
Irvine, CA 92614
(800) 289-2574
Support@alphamicro.com
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
TOOLS REQUIRED
PREPARING THE AM-65X FOR INSTALLATION
Setting the SCSI ID
SCSI BUS TERMINATION
External SCSI Bus Termination
TERMINATION POWER
INSTALLING THE AM-65X
Pedestal and Rack Mount Computer Installation
AM-990 Chassis Installation
Eagle Deskside Chassis Installation
SOFTWARE INFORMATION
Copying the Device Driver Program
Modifying the System Initialization Command File
Testing the Initialization File
Initial System Testing
USING THE AM-65X
Reading and Writing Different Tape Formats
Spanning Tapes
Warm Booting
Loading and Unloading Tape Cartridges
AM-65X Status LEDs
Care of Streaming Tape Cartridges
Cleaning the AM-65X
ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTATION
1
1
2
2
4
4
4
6
6
6
11
12
12
13
13
14
14
15
15
15
16
16
16
17
17
17
List of Figures
Figure 1 - AM-65X Tape Drive Rear Panel
Figure 2a - External SCSI Terminator - Narrow
Figure 2b - External SCSI Terminator - Wide
Figure 3 - Tape Drive Mounting Assembly
Figure 4 - Plastic Mounting Base
Figure 5 - Metal Support Bracket
Figure 6 - Attaching to Front Bezel
Figure 7 - Peripheral Mounting Rails
Figure 8 - Attaching Mounting Rails to Peripheral
3
5
5
7
8
9
10
11
12
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
Page 1
INTRODUCTION
This document describes the installation of the following Tandberg SCSI 1/4" magnetic streaming tape
drives into an existing Alpha Micro computer system:
AM-651
AM-652
AM-653
Tandberg SLR7 20 / 40 GB Streaming Tape Drive
Tandberg SLR60 30 / 60 GB Streaming Tape Drive
Tandberg SLR75 35 / 70 GB Streaming Tape Drive
If you are installing an AM-65X tape drive into an external subsystem, use the installation
instructions shipped with the subsystem in conjunction with the drive-specific instructions in this
document.
These instructions are written for the experienced Alpha Micro Service Technician, so if you do not feel
comfortable performing the hardware and software procedures discussed below, please contact your
Alpha Microsystems dealer or the Alpha Microsystems Technical Support Department for help.
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The AM-65x magnetic tape drives have storage capacities up to 70 gigabytes depending on the model
selected and the data cartridge used according to the following table:
Cartridge
Maximum Capacity
AM-651
SLR7
SLR5
40GB
8GB (read-only)
AM-652
SLR60
SLR7
SLR5
60GB
40GB (read-only)
8GB (read-only)
AM-653
SLR75
SLR60
SLR7
SLR5
75GB
60GB
40GB (read-only)
8GB (read-only)
Device
In order to support the above capabilities, the following firmware versions are required:
AM-651
AM-652
AM-653
version 0483
version 0482
any version
These are maximum compressed tape use figures. The actual amount of data you will be able to back up
on a tape depends on the number and size of the files being copied.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Page 2
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
See the section “Reading and Writing Different Tape Formats,” later in this document, for
information on using different types of tape cartridges and setting data formats.
The AM-651 and AM-652 tape drives may be installed on Eagle 250 and 450, AM6000, AM6060,
AM7000 and later computer systems. The AM-653 tape drive is only qualified for use on Eagle 800, AM8000 and later computer systems
The AM-65X streaming tape product installation package consists of the tape drive itself and, possibly, a
mounting kit. Whether you get a mounting kit, and what is included in it, depends on the type of
computer chassis you have. The chart below shows which mounting kit goes with your chassis:
Chassis Type
Rack Mount (old style)
Pedestal (old style)
AM-990
Eagle Deskside
Eagle 800 or AM-8000
Mounting Kit
PDB-00625-60
PDB-00625-61
Not required
Not required
Not required
Make sure you have the correct mounting kit before you begin. If you’re replacing an existing streaming
tape drive, you don’t need a new mounting kit, regardless of your type of computer. The mounting
hardware for your existing drive will work with the AM-65X.
The AM-65X has the same environmental specifications as your computer.
The AM-65X is supported only on the SCSI-2 bus (either narrow with the appropriate adapter, or
wide). It is not supported on the SASI bus found on older AMOS computers.
Tape cartridges are available from Alpha Micro for use in your AM-65X tape drive. Depending upon the
model number of your drive, order the following part number:
Device
Cartridge
Cartridge Part Number
AM-651
SLR7
PRA-00057-06
AM-652
SLR60
PRA-00057-07
AM-653
SLR75
PRA-00057-08
TOOLS REQUIRED
For most installations, the only tool you will need to install the AM-65X is a #2 Phillips-head
screwdriver.
PREPARING THE AM-65X FOR INSTALLATION
Before installing the AM-65X, you should make sure its configuration jumpers are set correctly. These
jumpers are found on the back of the tape drive, as shown in Figure 1. Specifically, you need to set the
jumpers determining the SCSI ID for the drive, and make sure the SCSI termination power jumper is
removed. The next few sections discuss SCSI IDs and SCSI bus termination.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
DC POWER
Page 3
PIN #1
68-PIN SCSI CONNECTOR
SERVICE CONNECTOR
TERMPWR: Should not be installed. Termination
power is provided by the SCSI controller.
TERMPWR
SEL 0 - 3: Select SCSI ID. See below.
N/C
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
PARITY
ID 0
ID 1
ID 2
= JUMPER INSTALLED
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
ID 3
ID 4
ID 14
ID 11
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
ID 13
ID 6
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
ID 12
ID 10
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
ID 9
ID 5
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
ID 8
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
SCSI ID
JUMPER
SETTINGS
PARITY: Install shorting block.
ID 15
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
SEL3
SEL2
SEL1
SEL0
Figure 1 - AM-65X Tape Drive Rear Panel
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Page 4
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
Setting the SCSI ID
Each SCSI device attached to the SCSI bus must be set to a unique address. Two SCSI devices cannot
share the same address. The AM-65X is a Wide SCSI-2 device, and can therefore be set to any SCSI ID
from 0 through 15 (except 7, which is reserved for the SCSI controller). On the narrow SCSI bus
supported on AMOS computers prior to the AM-6000 (and optionally on the AM-6000), you can use
only IDs 0 through 6. Figure 1 shows the jumper settings for each SCSI ID.
SCSI BUS TERMINATION
To function properly, the SCSI bus on your computer must be terminated at each end. The SCSI
controller terminates one end of the bus; the opposite end of the bus can be terminated in one of two
ways: 1) using the preferred method—an external terminator, or 2) installing on-board terminators in the
peripheral that's at the other end of the SCSI cable. If the AM-65X is the last physical device on your
SCSI bus, you must use an external terminator, since the AM-65X does not provide for SCSI termination
resistors.
External SCSI Bus Termination
The preferred way to terminate the SCSI bus in an AMOS computer is to install an external terminator.
Using an external terminator makes it easier to install an add-on subsystem (like a portable CD-ROM
drive), eliminating the need to remove terminators from a SCSI device inside the computer.
The AM-65X is very sensitive to termination issues. Any computer with an AM-65X installed
requires active termination of the SCSI bus. All computers that are supported with the AM-65X
are supplied with active terminators.
External active terminators are available from Alpha Micro under part numbers PRA-00222-20
(wide active terminator) and PRA-00222-21 (narrow active terminator).
To use the external terminator, you need to insure that none of the SCSI devices inside the computer are
terminated. You also need to follow the guidelines in the section on providing termination power to the
SCSI bus, below.
10 and 21-slot rack mount VME computers have no external SCSI connector. To install an external
terminator, you need a special adapter cable, DWB-10200-01. The connector on this cable is compatible
with the external terminator and also allows you to easily attach a portable CD-ROM drive or other SCSI
device.
Figure 2 shows both narrow and wide SCSI terminators:
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
Page 5
BAIL LOCKS
I
S
SC
Figure 2a - External SCSI Terminator - Narrow
PRA-00222-20
EXTERNAL SCSI BUS
TERMINATOR
SCSI CONNECTOR
ON BACK PANEL
Figure 2b - External SCSI Terminator - Wide
The illustrations show two different types of external SCSI connectors:
1. The top picture shows an external narrow SCSI connector and bail locks for holding the
terminator in place. The terminator is installed by plugging it onto the connector, then latching
the bail locks into the notches on the sides of terminator.
2. The bottom picture shows an external Wide SCSI connector. The terminator is held in place by
thumb screws.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Page 6
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
TERMINATION POWER
To control SCSI bus termination properly, a termination power source must be provided; this is
especially important when using an external terminator.
Why is Termination Power so important when using an external terminator?
Any terminator must have a power source. Because an external terminator does not have its own source
of power, it must get its termination power from the SCSI bus. If termination power is not available on
the bus, the external terminator cannot do its job, which means your SCSI bus will not be terminated
properly. This may result in a computer that won't boot, or that "hangs" frequently. As mentioned above,
the AM-65X is more sensitive to improper termination than were older tape drives.
All AMOS computers using the SCSI-2 or Wide SCSI-2 bus should be configured to supply termination
power via the host controller. When SCSI bus termination power is supplied by the host controller, no
SCSI peripheral should supply termination power to the bus.
SCSI subsystems attached to the main system should not have any additional devices supplying
termination power to the SCSI bus. Termination power should be supplied by the SCSI controller only!
For information on how to configure terminator power on SCSI hard disks and other magnetic tape
peripherals, see the following documents:
• AM-62X SCSI 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive Installation Instructions, PDI-00625-00, revision A07
or later.
• AM-647, 648, and 649 Digital Audio Tape (DAT) High Capacity Tape Drive Installation
Instructions, Rev. A01 or later.
INSTALLING THE AM-65X
The following sections explain how to install the SCSI streamer and cable it to your computer, based on
the type of computer you have. Find the heading for your computer chassis and follow the instructions.
Follow the instructions in your computer Owner's Manual for turning off the power to each component.
Be sure to observe the cautions concerning electrostatic discharges and grounding.
Old Style Pedestal and Rack Mount Computer Installation
The following sections describe how to install the tape drive into pedestal and rack mount AMOS
computers. The basic installation procedure is the same for both types.
FRONT BEZEL MODIFICATION
If you are replacing an existing tape drive, your bezel has already been modified. You can skip this
step.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
Page 7
Before you install the AM-65X, you need to modify your computer's front bezel, creating the necessary
cutout to support the tape drive. The instructions for modifying your front bezel are contained in two
separate documents, which are included with your product installation kit:
• PDI-20135-00—contains the instructions for modifying the front bezel on rack mount computers.
• DSS-10521-00—contains the instructions for modifying the front bezel on pedestal computers.
Complete your bezel modification (using the proper instructions) before going on to the next step in this
procedure.
BUILDING AND INSTALLING THE TAPE DRIVE MOUNTING ASSEMBLY
The drive mounting assembly is the same for both pedestal and rack mount computers. The assembly
consists of three pieces: one plastic mounting base, one tape drive, and one metal support bracket. The
following steps describe how to put the assembly together:
1. Set the drive on top of the plastic mounting base with its status LEDs away from the plastic
mounting base. This insures the drive is in its proper position for both pedestal and rack mount
computers. See Figure 3.
METAL SUPPORT BRACKET
DWF-20260-00
DRIVE STATUS LEDs
DRIVE ACTIVITY LED
AM-65X SCSI
STREAMING
TAPE DRIVE
DISKETTE DRIVE
PLASTIC MOUNTING BASE
DWF-20218-00
Figure 3 - Tape Drive Mounting Assembly
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Page 8
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
2. The AM-65X has a number of mounting screw holes on its side. There are corresponding holes
in the plastic mounting base. Align the screw holes on the drive with the designated holes in the
mounting base (marked as A in Figure 4). Make sure the drive's front panel is pointed in the
direction indicated by the large arrow.
3. Install the two screws (included in the mounting kit) that hold the plastic mounting base to the
drive. If you are installing a diskette drive or another tape drive along with your AM-65X, mount
this drive next to the AM-65X, as shown in Figure 3.
DWF-20218-00
OW
E
TH RR
S N A
E' D I HE
V
I E T
DR INT BY
E PO ED
H
T IS AT
RE EL DIC
SUPAN IN
KE T ION
MARON CT
F IRE
D
A
B
A
SCSI DAT OR STREAMING TAPE DRIVE, or
ANY 5-1/4" HALF-HEIGHT SCSI HARD DISK DRIVE
B
AM-645 FULL-HEIGHT 8MM MAGNETIC TAPE DRIVE, or
ANY 5-1/4" FULL-HEIGHT SCSI HARD DISK DRIVE
C
ANY 5-1/4" HALF-HEIGHT FLOPPY DISKETTE DRIVE, or
ANY 5-1/4" HALF-HEIGHT SCSI HARD DISK DRIVE
C
Figure 4 - Plastic Mounting Base
4. Set the drive assembly into its mounting position inside the chassis.
5. Set the metal support bracket on top of the drive assembly as shown in Figure 3. Position the
bracket so the mounting hole shown in Figure 5 aligns with the screw hole on the side of the
AM-65X, and the screw hole to attach the drive assembly to the front bezel aligns with the screw
hole in the front bezel.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
N
T IO
N T
O EC
FR IR
'S E D
E
IV H W
R T O
D IN RR
E D A
TH TE E
E IN TH
R O Y
SUIS P D B
E
L E
AK E T
M AN ICA
P D
IN
Page 9
DWF-20260-00
MOUNTING BRACKET
AM-650 TAPE DRIVE
MOUNTING HOLE
DISKETTE DRIVE
MOUNTING HOLES
Figure 5 - Metal Support Bracket
6. Because the tape drive internally ties logic ground to its frame, you need to isolate the tape drive
from the computer chassis. Use the two nylon shoulder washers (part number HDW-10004-07) to
ensure that the metal support bracket does not touch the conductive coating on the front bezel.
Please refer to Figure 6 for correct installation of the shoulder washers.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Page 10
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
FRONT BEZEL
NYLON SHOULDER WASHERS
(HDW-10004-07)
METAL SUPPORT BRACKET
DWF-20260-00
AM-650 TAPE DRIVE
Figure 6 - Attaching to Front Bezel
7. Before you tighten the screw holding the tape drive to the metal support bracket, make sure you
are satisfied with the way the drive assembly is aligned with the cutout in your computer's front
bezel. Once the drive (or drives) are properly positioned, install the screw that holds the plastic
mounting base to the chassis bottom and tighten the screw holding the drive (or drives) to the
metal support bracket.
ATTACHING THE POWER AND INTERFACE CABLES
Once the AM-65X is mounted in the chassis, attach the power cable from the power supply to the fourpin connector on the drive.
Attach the Wide SCSI cable to the 68-pin connector on the drive. The drive’s connector is keyed so the
cable can only be attached correctly.
If you are attaching the drive to a 50-pin narrow SCSI cable, you must use an adapter between the
50-pin cable and the 68-pin connector on the drive. Order adapter PDB-00440-90 if necessary.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
Page 11
AM-990 Chassis Installation
The AM-65X is installed in the AM-990's main drive bay using plastic mounting rails. You need two
rails to mount the drive (or any peripheral device). The rails (DWF-20652-00) are included with the
computer chassis and are universal; they can be mounted on either the right or left side of the drive.
Figure 7 shows one of the rails and explains how they are used with various types of peripherals,
including the AM-65X:
PERIPHERAL MOUNTING RAIL
DWF-20652-00
SHORT
END
LONG
END
Use the top holes for
mounting full-height devices
Use the bottom holes for
mounting half-height devices
SHORT END
For Tandberg 1/4" streaming tape drives and all hard disk drives, mount
the rails with the short end pointing toward the rear of the computer
LONG END
For DAT tape drives, mount the rails with the long end pointing toward
the rear of the computer cabinet.
Figure 7 - Peripheral Mounting Rails
Figure 8 shows the basic peripheral/rail assembly.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Page 12
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
DWF-20652-00
MOUNTING RAIL
Figure 8 - Attaching Mounting Rails to Peripheral
Once the rails are installed, slide the tape drive into its mounting position in the chassis. Attach the
power cable from the power supply to the four-pin connector on the drive.
Attach the Wide SCSI cable to the 68-pin connector on the drive. The drive’s connector is keyed so the
cable can only be attached correctly.
If you are attaching the drive to a 50-pin narrow SCSI cable, you must use an adapter between the
50-pin cable and the 68-pin connector on the drive. Order adapter PDB-00440-90 if necessary.
Eagle Deskside Chassis Installation
Complete instructions for installing SCSI peripherals are included in the service manual for the Eagle,
AM-6000. AM-7000, and AM-8000 deskside computers. Use these instructions to install your AM-65X
tape drive and then use the instructions in this document to complete the software portion of the
installation.
SOFTWARE INFORMATION
There are several points to remember when using the AM-65X:
• The AM-65X works only with AMOS 2.3A or later.
• You can have one or two streaming tape drives attached to your computer system.
• A single streaming tape drive must be referred to as STR0:. If you have two drives, the one with
the higher SCSI ID must be STR0:; the other is STR1:.
• The device driver program, STR.DVR, must be loaded into system memory.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
Page 13
Copying the Device Driver Program
You need to copy the 625DVR.DVR streaming tape driver file to the file name STR.DVR, so AMOS can
associate it with the device name (STR0:) you are going to put in your system initialization file. To do
so, type:
LOG DVR: RETURN
COPY STR.DVR=625DVR.DVR RETURN
Make sure you are using a compatible version of the 625DVR.DVR file. It must be version
4.1(140) or higher (released September, 2001).
Modifying the System Initialization Command File
To define the AM-65X to your computer, use the COPY command to make a copy of your system
initialization command file called TEST.INI. Then edit that copy using AlphaVUE or another text editor,
making the modifications described in the following sections. For example, you could use these
commands:
LOG SYS: RETURN
COPY TEST.INI=AMOS32.INI
VUE TEST.INI RETURN
RETURN
NEVER modify the system initialization command file directly. Always make your modifications
in a copy of the file. When you have finished, use MONTST to test the new file. If it fails, you
can push the reset button to return to your standard initialization file. If the MONTST is
successful, you can then rename the test command file to AMOSL.INI or AMOS32.INI. If you
modify your AMOSL.INI or AMOS32.INI file directly and make a mistake, the system may not
boot at all!
For complete information about modifying your initialization file, see the System Operator’s Guide to the
System Initialization Command File.
MODIFYING THE TEST FILE
The DEVTBL statement in the system initialization command file tells AMOS which devices to look for
on the computer. As AMOS processes the DEVTBL command lines, it builds a device table in memory.
The file system consults the device table for device assignments. Every time you add a new device, like
your AM-65X, to the system you must add it to the system device table.
Locate the DEVTBL statements in your TEST.INI and add one that looks like this:
DEVTBL /STR0
The slash preceding the device name lets AMOS know the device is non-sharable.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Page 14
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
If you have two streaming tape drives, enter both device names after the slash, separated by a comma,
like this:
DEVTBL /STR0,STR1
The device driver program needs to be in system memory, so add the following line somewhere before
the final SYSTEM command:
SYSTEM STR.DVR[1,6]
Since the MTUxxx programs spawn a separate job to communicate with the tape drive, you may need to
increase the number of jobs allocated by the system at boot time. To increase the number of jobs, find the
line which reads:
JOBS nnn
This line is normally one of the first commands in the .INI file. Increase the number of jobs by one.
Testing the Initialization File
When you have finished editing the TEST.INI file, save it and exit. Then, make sure everyone is off your
system, log into OPR:, and use MONTST to test the TEST.INI file. For example:
LOG OPR: RETURN
MONTST TEST.INI[1,4]
RETURN
When your computer executes the statement DEVTBL /STR0 in your system initialization command
file, it displays what tape drive was detected and its address. For example:
AM-65X streamer found at SCSI ID: 3
If the computer boots successfully, enter DEVTBL to see a display of the devices on your system; the
SCSI streamer drive should be listed as STR0.
If you have two streaming tape drives, both should appear during initialization on the DEVTBL
display.
If the computer doesn't boot successfully, or if the streamer does not appear on the DEVTBL display,
press the RESET button to reboot the computer under its original initialization file. Review the changes
you made to TEST.INI, and verify the AM-65X is cabled correctly and its address jumpers are properly
set.
Initial System Testing
Since you had to open the computer to install the AM-65X, you may want to run the system self
test to be sure your computer system is operating correctly. Refer to the Self-Test User’s Manual
for complete instructions on using the self test. Self test does not test the streaming tape drives.
Use MTUSAV to copy a few files onto a blank streaming tape cartridge, then use MTURES to restore
them into a different disk account or onto another logical disk. Use the MTUDIR command to list the
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
Page 15
files stored on the tape cartridge. If you aren’t familiar with the MTUxxx commands, refer to your System
Commands Reference Manual for instructions.
USING THE AM-65X
Use only the MTUSAV, MTURES, and MTUDIR commands to write to and read from the AM65X. Do not use the older STRxxx utilities, as these are no longer supported by Alpha Micro!
The following sections discuss issues you should keep in mind while using your AM-65X.
Reading and Writing Different Tape Formats
The AM-65X can read and write tapes as shown in the following table:
Tape Drive
AM-651
AM-652
AM-653
Cartridge
SLR7
SLR5
SLR60
SLR7
SLR5
SLR75
SLR60
SLR7
SLR5
Formats Supported
SLR7, SLR7C
SLR5, SLR5C (read only)
SLR60, SLR60C
SLR7, SLR7C (read only)
SLR5, SLR5C (read only)
SLR75, SLR75C
SLR60, SLR60C
SLR7, SLR7C (read only)
SLR5, SLR5C (read only)
C indicates recording in compressed mode
The AM-65X reads all of these cartridges and formats automatically; you just put in the tape and it
figures out what kind of tape it is and what format it’s written in. When determining what format to
record in, the AM-65X follows these rules:
1. By default, the tape drive will write using the format giving the largest capacity on a given
cartridge.
2. To change recording format, use the TMODE command. TMODE lets you pick compressed or
uncompressed mode.
When you use TMODE, there must be a tape in the drive which supports the format you
want to set.
Once you’ve used TMODE, the format you set stays in effect for all tapes used in that
tape unit until you either use TMODE again or perform a hardware reboot (not
MONTST) of the computer. The TMODE setting overrides the format the AM-65X
would otherwise use for the tape under rule 1, above.
Spanning Tapes
The AM-65X does not support tape spanning.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
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Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
Warm Booting
To warm boot from an AM-65X, access your computer’s CMOS configuration menu and make sure the
alternate boot ID is set to the proper ID. See you computer Owner’s Manual for instructions on using the
CMOS menu.
For AM-7000 systems, warm booting from the AM-65X requires boot PROM revision level of
C00 or later. AM-7000 CPU boards built prior to September 2001 will probably need this
upgrade. If you need to order a boot PROM upgrade, please order part number DWP-00176-21.
You must use CRT620 to create the warm boot tape. Since you cannot append data onto a streamer tape,
a warm boot tape can contain only the warm boot monitor. You must back up your data onto a separate
tape. For more information about warm booting, see your System Operator’s Guide and the WRMGEN
reference sheets in the System Commands Reference Manual.
Loading and Unloading Tape Cartridges
To avoid static discharge, always ground yourself by touching the metal chassis before loading or
unloading a tape cartridge.
1. Hold the cartridge with the metal side down. The end of the tape cartridge with the write-protect
switch will enter the drive first.
2. Insert the cartridge into the drive. When the cartridge is part way in, the drive will take it and
load it into the proper position.
If you insert a tape incorrectly, the drive will reject it. Do not attempt to force a tape into the
drive! If the tape does not load easily, take it back out and check its orientation.
Before unloading the tape cartridge, be sure the tape activity light (the center green LED) is out. To
unload, press the tape eject and the drive will eject the tape.
AM-65X Status LEDs
There are three LEDs on the front of the AM-65X, two green and one amber. They all light briefly when
the drive is turned on. After that, they have these meanings:
• Left Green LED: On when there is a tape cartridge in the drive; flashing during self-test.
• Center Green LED: Flashing during any activity (tape loading, unloading, or movement).
• Amber LED: On if drive needs cleaning. Flashing if there is an unrecoverable drive failure,
cartridge failure, or microcode download failure.
All LEDs flashing at once indicates a fatal error.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01
Installation Instructions: AM-65X 1/4" Streaming Tape Drive
Page 17
Care of Streaming Tape Cartridges
A cartridge tape can store all the data on your computer, so it is worth taking care of properly. In addition
to the tips for diskettes, above, remember the following:
• Store cartridges with the write-protect switch in the SAFE position.
• Keep magnets away from your tapes. Even weak magnets such as those in paper clip holders can
erase data on a cartridge tape.
• Don't expose tapes to very high or low humidity (more than 80% or less than 20%).
• Cartridge tapes should be acclimated to computer-room temperature and humidity conditions
before use. If the tape has been stored away from the computer, it should be returned to the
computer environment at least eight hours before use. If it has been in a different environment for
less than eight hours, it should be kept in the computer location for at least as many hours as it
was away from it.
Cleaning the AM-65X
It is very important to clean the read/write heads of your AM-65X periodically. Alpha Microsystems
recommends you clean the drive every 100 hours of use. We also suggest you clean the heads after using
a new tape for the first time, and that you do a complete tape wind/rewind after cleaning. The constant
amber indicator light on the front of the AM-65X, when ON, indicates that a head cleaning operation is
recommended.
When you need to clean your tape drive, use only a dry process cleaning cartridge designed for the AM65X. One is available from Alpha Micro, part number PRA-00229-00. Follow the instructions on the
cleaning cartridge.
ADDITIONAL DOCUMENTATION
A number of other Alpha Micro documents amplify the concepts discussed in this document. Your
primary reference source should be your computer Owner's Manual and / or Service Manual. Subjects
thoroughly covered in these Manuals include:
1. Physical and electrical specifications.
2. Cooling and system placement.
3. Power requirements and power conversion.
4. CMOS configuration.
Another useful document is your System Commands Reference Manual. In it you will find reference
sheets for the AMOS system software programs and commands mentioned in this document. Also, see
your System Operator's Guide for a wide variety of system information and the System Operator’s Guide
to the System Initialization Command File for information about system initialization configuration.
PDI-00651-00, Rev. A01