Simplicity ZT2561F Operator`s manual

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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
TOTAL PAGE COUNT: Less than 80
Paper Size:
• 11 x 17
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• Cover - on 80 lbs coated cover stock
(NOTE: If total order quantity is less than 100 pieces, use uncoated cover stock)
Press:
• Body - 1-color, 2-sided
• Cover - 1-color, 2-sided
Bindery:
• Staple (2X), Face Trim
TOTAL PAGE COUNT: 80 or greater
Paper Size:
• 8-1/2 x 11
• Body - 50 lbs brilliant white offset or equivalent.
• Cover - on 80 lbs coated cover stock
(NOTE: If total order quantity is less than 100 pieces, use uncoated cover stock)
Press:
• Body - 1-color, 2-sided
• Cover - 1-color, 2-sided
Bindery:
• Perfect Bind, Face Trim (3 knife)
GENERAL
COVERS:
•
•
•
•
Covers are located at the beginning of this package.
Back cover is the page IMMEDIATELY AFTER the front cover.
Check the front cover for the individual part number (typically a 2xxxx or 182xxxx number).
Check the front cover for the document number (TP 1xx - xxxx - xx - xx - xx)
BODY:
•ODD number pages are ALWAYS right hand pages, and EVEN number are ALWAYS left hand
pages.
General:
• This instruction page is NOT part of the manual and must NOT be printed.
• Pages labeled with the text “THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK” are placement pages ONLY,
and should NOT be printed.
If you have any further questions regarding this manual, please contact Ken Cehonski in
Ferris Industries Engineering Department at (315) 495-0100 ext. 249.
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY BLANK
OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
TM
Stallion
Zero-Turn Riding Mower
with 4-Wheel Independent Suspension
Model Number:
ZT2561F
ZT2761F
Description:
STALLION, 4W-IS, w/ 25 HP Kohler & 61” Mower Deck
STALLION, 4W-IS, w/ 27 HP Kohler & 61” Mower Deck
mowers are built by
Ferris Industries, a
Simplicity company.
TM
Ferris Industries
5375 North Main Street
Munnsville, NY 13409
800-933-6175
22987
Revision 04
Rev. Date: 1/2004
TP 100-7085-04-SL-D
DERBY LIMITED WARRANTY
IMPORTANT
This warranty shall apply ONLY if the warranty registration form has been completed and
returned to Ferris Industries, Inc. within 20 days from the date of delivery.
Ferris Industries, Inc. (Ferris) warrants, in accordance with the provisions below, to the
original purchaser for the period of twenty-four (24) months, twelve (12) months for commercial use, from the date of delivery of a Derby mower that the mower is free from
defects in material or workmanship. Derby’s obligation under this warranty is to repair or
replace, at Derby’s election, without charge and at the place of business of a dealer
authorized to handle Derby mowers, any part or parts of the machine which, in the judgment of Derby, prove to be defective.
THIS WARRANTY AND DERBY’S OBLIGATION HEREUNDER IS IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, and all other obligations or liabilities of Derby for
incidental and consequential damages resulting from the design, manufacture, sale or use
of the machine. No person is authorized to make any warranty or assume for Derby any
liability not strictly in accordance with this warranty.
This warranty shall not apply to any mower part which, in the judgment of Derby, has been
altered or tampered with in any way or has been subjected to misuse, neglect or accident,
or has had the serial numbers altered, effaced or removed. This warranty does not apply
to component parts not manufactured by Derby (motors, tires, belts) except to the extent
of their individual manufacturer’s guarantees.
Ferris Industries, Inc. is continually striving to improve its products, and therefore reserves
the right to make improvements or change when it becomes practical and possible to do
so, without incurring any obligation to make changes or additions to the equipment sold
previously.
Ferris Industries
5375 North Main Street
Munnsville, NY 13409
800-933-6175
www.ferrisindustries.com
© Copyright 2003 Ferris Industries
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Table of Contents
Troubleshooting, Adjustments & Service .......20
Safety Rules & Information ................................2
Identification Numbers .......................................7
Features & Controls ............................................8
Troubleshooting the Tractor...................................20
Troubleshooting the Mower ...................................21
Seat Adjustment....................................................22
Ground Speed Control Lever Adjustment .............22
Speed Balancing Adjustment................................22
Neutral Adjustment ...............................................23
Neutral Position & Spring Return Adjustment.......23
Parking Brake Adjustment ....................................24
Front Suspension Adjustment...............................25
Rear Suspension Adjustment ...............................25
PTO Clutch Adjustment ........................................26
Blade Brake Check ...............................................26
Cutting Height Adjustment ....................................27
Deck Leveling Adjustment.....................................27
Hydraulic Pump Drive Belt Replacement..............28
Mower Belt Replacement......................................29
Battery Service .....................................................30
Checking the Battery Voltage ............................30
Charging A Completely Discharged Battery......30
Jump Starting with
Auxiliary (Booster) Battery .............................30
Control Functions....................................................8
Safety Interlock System ..........................................9
Operating the Zero Turn Rider .........................10
General .................................................................10
Checks Before Starting .........................................10
Starting the Engine ...............................................11
Stopping the Rider ................................................11
Mowing..................................................................11
Pushing the Rider by Hand...................................11
Zero Turn Driving Practice ....................................12
Storage..................................................................14
Starting After Long Term Storage .........................14
Regular Maintenance ........................................16
Maintenance Schedule .........................................16
Checking Tire Pressures.......................................16
Checking/Adding Fuel...........................................17
Fuel Filter ..............................................................17
Oil & Filter Change ...............................................17
Check / Change Air FIlter .....................................17
Replace Spark Plugs ............................................17
Check Hydraulic Oil Level .....................................17
Lubrication ............................................................18
Battery Maintenance .............................................18
Checking Battery Fluid ......................................18
Cleaning the Battery and Cables.......................18
Servicing the Mower Blades .................................19
Lawn Care & Mowing Information ...............LC-1
International Symbols...................................LC-8
Technical Manuals.........................................LC-8
NOTE: In this manual, “left” and “right” are referred to as
seen from the operating position.
WARNING
WARNING
You must read, understand and comply with all safety
and operating instructions in this manual before
attempting to set-up and operate your machine.
Engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known, in certain quantities, to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
Failure to comply with all safety and operating
instructions can result in loss of machine control,
serious personal injury to you and / or bystanders,
and risk of equipment and property damage. The
triangle in the text signifies important cautions or
warnings which must be followed.
© Copyright 2003 Ferris Industries
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
TP 100-7085-03-SL-D
1
Safety Rules
& Information
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or equipment.
This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. The triangle in
text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
TRAINING
• The owner/user can prevent and is responsible for
accidents or injuries occurring to themselves, other
people or property.
• Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and
above, are involved in a large percentage of riding
mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower safely
enough to protect themselves and others from serious injury.
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the unit before starting. If the operator(s) or mechanic(s) can not read English it is the
owner’s responsibility to explain this material to them.
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.
• All operators and mechanics should be trained. The
owner is responsible for training the users.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the unit.
• Never let children or untrained people operate or
service the equipment. Local regulations may
restrict the age of the operator.
PREPARATION
OPERATION
• Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
• Mow only in the daylight or with good artificial light,
keeping away from holes and hidden hazards.
• Be sure all drives are in neutral and parking brake is
engaged before starting engine. Only start engine
from the operator’s position. Use seat belts if provided.
• Be sure of your footing while using pedestrian controlled equipment, especially when backing up. Walk,
don’t run. Reduced footing could cause slipping.
• Slow down and use extra care on hillsides. Be sure
to travel in the recommended direction on hillsides.
Turf conditions can affect the machines stability. Use
caution when operating near drop-offs.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while traveling in reverse.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do
not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher or the deflector in place.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and
when changing directions on slopes.
• Never raise deck with the blades running.
• Never leave a running unit unattended. Always disengage the PTO, set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove keys before dismounting. Keep hands and
feet away from the cutting units.
• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories
and attachments are needed to properly and safely
perform the job. Use only accessories and attachments approved by the manufacturer.
• Wear appropriate clothing including safety shoes,
safety glasses and ear protection. Long hair, loose
clothing or jewelry may get tangled in moving parts.
• Inspect the area where the equipment is to be used
and remove all objects such as rocks, toys and wire,
which can be thrown by the machine.
• Use extra care when handling gasoline and other
fuels. They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
a) Use only an approved container.
b) Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
c) Never refuel or drain the machine indoors.
• Check that operator’s presence controls, safety
switches and shields are attached and functioning
properly. Do not operate unless they are functioning
properly.
TP 600-7124-01-UV-FD
2
01
Safety Rules & Information
SLOPE OPERATION
Operation - Con’t.
• Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades
when not mowing.
• Never operate with guards not securely in place. Be
sure all interlocks are attached, adjusted properly
and functioning properly.
• Never operate with the discharge deflector raised,
removed or altered, unless using a grass catcher.
• Do not change the engine governor setting or overspeed the engine.
• Stop on level ground, lower implements, disengage
drives, engage parking brake, shut off engine before
leaving the operator’s position for any reason including emptying the grass catchers or unclogging the
chute.
• Stop equipment and inspect blades after striking
objects or abnormal vibration occurs. Make necessary repairs before resuming operations.
• Keep hands and feet away from the cutting units.
• Look behind and down before backing up to be sure
of a clear path.
• Never carry passengers and keep pets and
bystanders away.
• Do not operate the unit while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and
crossing roads and sidewalks. Stop blades if not
mowing.
• Use care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees or other objects that may obscure vision.
• To reduce fire hazard, keep unit free of grass, leaves
& excess oil. Do not stop or park over dry leaves,
grass or combustible materials.
• The engine in this unit is not factory equipped with a
spark arrester. It is a violation of California Public
Resource Code Section 4442 to use or operate the
engine on or near any forest-covered, brush-covered,
or grass-covered land unless the exhaust system is
equipped with a spark arrester meeting any applicable local or state laws. Other states or federal area
may have similar laws.
• OSHA regulations may require the use of hearing
protection when exposed to sound levels greater
than 85 dBA for an 8 hour time period.
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not drive
on it.
WARNING
Never operate on slopes greater than 20°
(36.4 percent) which is a rise of 7-1/4 feet (220 cm)
vertically in 20 feet (607 cm) horizontally.
Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope.
In addition to front and rear weights, use extra caution
when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass
catcher.
Mow UP and DOWN the slope, never across the face,
use caution when changing directions and DO NOT
START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
Do
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain
could overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a slow speed so that you
will not have to stop or change speed while on the
slope.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the unit.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
• See your authorized dealer for recommendations of
available weights to improve stability.
Do Not
• Do not start or stop on a slope. If tires lose traction,
disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The operator could lose footing or balance or
mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over
the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced footing or traction could cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on
the ground.
• Do not mow excessively steep slopes.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
CAUTION
This machine produces sound levels
in excess of 85 dBA at the operator’s
ear and can cause hearing loss
though extended periods of
exposure.
Wear hearing protection when operating this
machine.
01
3
TP 600-7124-01-UV-FD
Safety Rules & Information
CHILDREN
EMISSIONS
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the unit and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
• Before and during reverse operation, look behind and
down for small children.
• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe unit operation.
• Never allow children to operate the unit.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure
vision.
• Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals
known, in certain quantities, to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive harm.
• Look for the relevant Emissions Durability Period and
Air Index information on the engine emissions label.
MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE
• Carefully release pressure from components with
stored energy. (eg. springs)
• Disconnect battery or remove spark plug wire before
making any repairs. Disconnect the negative terminal first and the positive last. Reconnect positive first
and negative last.
• Use care when checking blades. Wrap the blade(s)
or wear gloves, and use caution when servicing
them. Only replace blades. Never straighten or weld
them.
• Keep hands and feet away from moving parts.
• Charge batteries in an open well ventilated area,
away from spark and flames. Unplug charger before
connecting or disconnecting from battery. Wear protective clothes and use insulated tools.
• Keep all parts in good working condition and all
hardware tightened. Replace all worn or damaged
decals.
• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration, which could expose moving
parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently
check components and replace with manufacturer’s
recommended parts, when necessary.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
• Use only factory authorized replacement parts when
making repairs.
• Always comply with factory specifications on all settings and adjustments.
• Only authorized service locations should be utilized
for major service and repair requirements.
• Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper
service procedures can result in hazardous operation, equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s warranty.
• Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling
practices when refueling the unit after transportation
or storage.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for storage preparations before storing the unit for both
short and long term periods.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to
service.
• Never store the machine or fuel container inside
where there is an open flame, such as in a water
heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
• Shut off fuel while storing or transporting. Do not
store fuel near flames or drain indoors.
• Keep all hardware, especially blade attachment bolts,
tight and keep all parts in good working condition.
Replace all worn or damaged decals.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly.
• Disengage drives, lower implement, set parking
brake, stop engine and remove key or disconnect
spark plug wire. Wait for all movement to stop before
adjusting, cleaning or repairing.
• Clean grass and debris from cutting units, drives,
mufflers, and engine to prevent fires. Clean up oil or
fuel spillage.
• Let engine cool before storing and do not store near
flame.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an
object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running unless specified otherwise.
• Park machine on level ground. Never allow untrained
personnel to service machine.
• Use jack stands to support components when
required.
TP 600-7124-01-UV-FD
4
00
Safety Rules & Information
WARNING
WARNING
STORED ENERGY DEVICE: Improper release of
springs can result in serious personal injury.
Spring should be removed by an authorized dealer
only.
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure may
have sufficient force to penetrate skin and cause
serious injury.
If foreign fluid is injected into the skin it must be
surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor
familiar with this form of injury or gangrene may
result.
Keep body and hands away from pin holes or nozzles
that eject hydraulic fluid under high pressure. Use
paper or cardboard and not hands to search for leaks.
Make sure all hydraulic fluid connections are tight and
all hydraulic hoses and lines are in good condition
before applying pressure to the system.
If leaks occur, have the unit serviced immediately by
your authorized dealer.
WARNING
STORED ENERGY DEVICE: Engine Radiator
(Water-Cooled Models Only)
To prevent serious bodily injury from hot coolant or
steam blow-out, never attempt to remove the radiator
cap while the engine is running. Stop the engine and
wait until it is cool. Even then, use extreme care
when removing cap.
NOTES
00
5
TP 600-7124-01-UV-FD
Safety Rules & Information
SAFETY DECALS
This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect
from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment
manufacturing.
The safety decals below are on your rider and mower.
Although reading this manual and the safety instructions
it contains will provide you with the necessary basic
knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively, we have placed several safety labels on the unit to
remind you of this important information while you are
operating your unit.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant visual reminder to you, and others who may use
the equipment, to follow the safety instructions necessary for safe, effective operation.
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them
at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
All DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and instructional
messages on your rider and mower should be carefully
read and obeyed. Personal bodily injury can result when
these instructions are not followed. The information is for
your safety and it is important!
OPERATION
To Start Engine:
To Operate PTO Clutch:
Seat must be occupied, PTO
Switch OFF, Parking Brake ON
and both control handles are
locked in Neutral.
To Stop Engine:
Operator must be in seat.
Pull up to Engage.
Push down to Disengage.
When Operator Leaves Seat:
Engage Parking Brake, Throttle at
half to full, turn Ignition Switch Off.
Before Leaving Machine:
Turn PTO switch off, shut off engine,
remove key, and set Parking
Brake
Engine will shut off if PTO is on.
Engine will shut off of Parking Brake
is off.
Engine will shut off if both control
levers are not locked in neutral.
GROUND SPEED AND
STEERING LEVERS
Right lever controls speed
and direction of right drive
wheel. Notch is neutral
lock.
Left lever controls speed and
direction of left drive wheel.
Notch is neutral lock.
Steer by slowing the lever in
the direction of the turn.
PARKING BRAKE
LEVER
Decal - Warning
Part No. 46884
Pull to set Parking Brake.
Push to release Parking
Brake.
Decal - Danger
Part No. 46885
DECK LIFT PEDAL
Push to raise deck.
CUTTING HEIGHT
ADJUSTMENT PIN
DO NOT TOW!
Damage may result to
Hydrostatic Transmission.
Decal - Operation & Controls
Part No. 45559
DANGER
ROTATING PARTS UNDER ENGINE.
KEEP HANDS AND FEET CLEAR.
STOP ENGINE BEFORE SERVICING.
Decal - Caution
Part No. 46481
Decal - Danger
Part No. 22143
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704277
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704276
6
03
Identification Numbers
Identification Numbers
Identification Tag
SA
M
P LE
PRODUCT
When contacting your authorized dealer for replacement parts, service, or information you MUST have
these numbers.
Record your model/serial number and engine serial
numbers on the space provided for easy access. These
numbers can be found in the locations shown.
DATA
Unit SERIAL Number
Mower Deck Model Number
Mower Deck SERIAL Number
Dealer Name
Date Purchased
ENGINE REFERENCE DATA
NOTE: For location of engine identification numbers,
refer to the engine owner’s manual.
03
REFERENCE
Unit Model Number
7
Engine Make
Engine Model
Engine Type/Spec.
Engine Code/Serial Number
Features & Controls
of the Zero Turn Rider
Please take a moment and familiarize
yourself with the name, location, and
function of these controls so that you
will better understand the safety and
operating instructions provided in this
manual.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
L.
Ground Speed Control Levers
Seat Adjustment Lever
Ignition Switch
Parking Brake Handle
PTO Switch
Deck Lift Foot Pedal
Cutting Height Adjustment Pin
Throttle Control
Choke Control
Headlight Switch
Hour Meter
Fuel Tank Selection Valve
A
A
H
B
J
L
E
D
F
K
I
C
G
Figure 1.
Control Locations
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
The information below briefly describes the function of individual controls. Starting, stopping, driving, and mowing
require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences. To learn what combination and sequence
of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section.
A. Ground Speed Control Levers
B. Seat Adjustment Lever
These levers control the ground speed of the rider. The
left lever controls the left rear drive wheel and the right
controls the right rear drive wheel.
The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Move the
lever forward, position the seat as desired, and release
the lever to lock the seat in position.
Moving a lever forward increases the FORWARD speed
of the associated wheel, and pulling back on a lever
increases the REVERSE speed.
C. Ignition Switch
The ignition switch starts and stops the engine, it has
three positions:
Note: The further a lever is moved away from the neutral
position the faster the drive wheel will turn.
OFF
Stops the engine and shuts off the
electrical system.
RUN
Allows the engine to run and powers the
electrical system.
START Cranks the engine for starting.
NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN position with the engine stopped–this drains the battery.
See the Operating the Zero Turn Rider section for steering instructions.
8
00
Features & Controls
SAFETY INTERLOCK
SYSTEM
D. Parking Brake Handle
The parking brake is applied by pulling UP on the parking brake handle until it locks over-center. To release the
parking brake, push the handle DOWN.
This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches.
These safety systems are present for your safety, do not
attempt to bypass safety switches, and never tamper
with safety devices. Check their operation regularly.
E. PTO (Power Take Off) Switch
The PTO switch engages and disengages the mower.
Pull UP on the switch to engage, and push DOWN to
disengage.
Operational SAFETY Checks
F & G. Deck Lift Pedal & Cutting Height
Adjustment Pin
Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if:
• PTO switch is engaged, OR
• Parking brake is not engaged, OR
• Motion control handles are not in the NEUTRAL
position, OR
• Operator is not on the seat.
These control the cutting height of the mower deck.
Depress the pedal until it locks into the TRANSPORT
position. Place the adjustment pin in the desired cutting
height and release the lift pedal.
Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if:
H & I. Throttle / Choke Control
• PTO switch is NOT engaged, AND
• Parking brake is engaged, AND
• Motion control handles are locked in the NEUTRAL
position, AND
• Operator is on the seat.
Pulling the round choke control knob (I) out fully chokes
the engine for cold starts. (A warm engine may not
require choking.) Moving the throttle control (H) fully forward is FULL throttle position. Always operate the unit
at FULL throttle when mowing.
Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if:
J. Headlight Switch
• Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged, OR
• Operator rises off seat with parking brake disengaged.
• Operator moves motion control handles inward
before disengaging parking brake.
Turn the switch ON to light the front headlight.
K. Hour Meter
Measures the time of the PTO being engaged.
L. Fuel Shut Off Valve
Test 4 — Blade Brake Check
Turning the handle to the desired position determines
which tank will be supplying fuel. With the handle pointing forward, it will draw fuel from the left-hand tank. With
the handle pointed towards the rear, it will draw fuel from
the right-hand fuel tank. With the handle pointing
towards the right, it will shut off fuel flow to the engine.
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off (or operator rises off seat). If mower
drive belt does not stop within five seconds, see your
dealer.
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped, PTO switch must
be turned off, parking brake must be engaged, and the
motion control handles must be locked in the NEUTRAL
position after the operator returns to the seat in order to
start the engine.
WARNING
If the unit does not pass a safety test, do not
operate it. See your authorized dealer. Under no
circumstance should you attempt to defeat the
purpose of the safety interlock system.
00
9
Operating
the Zero Turn Rider
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
CHECKS BEFORE STARTING
Before first time operation:
• Check that crankcase is filled to full mark on dipstick.
See the engine Operator’s Manual for instructions
and oil recommendations.
• Make sure all nuts, bolts, screws and pins are in
place and tight.
• Adjust the seat position, and make certain you can
reach all controls from operator’s position.
• Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel. Refer to engine manual for fuel recommendations.
• Be sure to read all information in the Safety and
Operation sections before attempting to operate this
tractor and mower.
• Become familiar with all of the controls and how to
stop the unit.
• Drive in an open area without mowing to become
accustomed to the unit.brake pedal or set the parking brake.
WARNING
B
Never allow passengers to ride on the unit.
Before leaving the operator’s position for any
reason, engage the parking brake, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and remove the key.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine, tractor and
mower free of grass, leaves and excess grease.
Do not stop or park tractor over dry leaves, grass
or combustible materials.
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
WARNING
A
C
A
Figure 2.
A.
B.
C.
Never operate on slopes greater than 20°
(36.4 percent) which is a rise of 7-1/4 feet (220 cm)
vertically in 20 feet (607 cm) horizontally.
Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope.
In addition to front and rear weights, use extra caution
when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass
catcher.
Mow UP and DOWN the slope, never across the face,
use caution when changing directions and DO NOT
START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
10
Pre-start Checks
Fuel Tank Filler Neck
Crankcase Oil Fill
Seat Adjustment Lever
00
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
WARNING
MOWING
1. Engage the parking brake. Make sure the PTO
switch is disengaged, the motion control handles are
locked in the NEUTRAL position and the operator is
on the seat.
2. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
3. Set the mower cutting height.
4. Set the throttle to FULL.
5. Engage the PTO by pulling up on the PTO switch (E,
Figure 1).
6. Begin mowing. See Lawn Care Section for tips on
mowing patterns, lawn care, and trouble shooting
information.
7. When finished, shut off the PTO.
8. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR
AND ENGINE).
If you do not understand how a specific control
functions, or have not yet thoroughly read the
FEATURES & CONTROLS section, do so now.
Do NOT attempt to operate the tractor without
first becoming familiar with the location and
function of ALL controls.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. While sitting in the operator’s seat, engage the parking brake and make sure the PTO switch is disengaged and the motion control handles are locked in
the NEUTRAL position.
2. NOTE: A warm engine may not require choking.
Set the engine throttle control (H, Figure 1) to FAST
throttle position. Then fully close the choke (I, Figure
1) by pulling the knob OUT fully.
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch (C, Figure 1)
and turn it to START.
4. After the engine starts, gradually open the choke
(push knob down fully).
Warm up the engine by running it for at least a minute
before engaging the PTO switch or driving the rider.
PUSHING THE RIDER BY HAND
DO NOT TOW RIDER
Towing the unit will cause hydraulic pump
and wheel motor damage. Do not use
another vehicle to push or pull this unit.
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn
the ignition OFF, and remove the key.
2. Lift the seat plate to gain access to the battery compartment and hydraulic pumps.
3. To disengage the pumps (free-wheel position), turn
the hydraulic release valves (A, Figure 3) located on
the pumps COUNTER-CLOCKWISE a maximum of
2 full turns.
4. Disengage the parking brake.
The tractor can now be pushed by hand.
5. After moving the tractor, re-engage the pumps (drive
position) by turning the release valves CLOCKWISE
and tighten to 80-120 in. lbs. of torque.
5. After warming the engine, ALWAYS operate the
unit at FULL THROTTLE when mowing.
In the event of an emergency the engine can be
stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to
STOP. Use this method only in emergency situations.
For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given
in STOPPING THE RIDER.
STOPPING THE RIDER
1. Returning the ground speed control levers (A, Figure
1) to the middle position will stop tractor movement.
Pivot the levers outward and lock them in NEUTRAL.
2. Disengage the PTO by pushing down on the PTO
switch (E, Figure 1).
3. Engage the parking brake by pulling the handle (D,
Figure 1) up until it locks into position.
4. Move the throttle control (H, Figure 1) to mid-throttle
position and turn the ignition key to OFF Remove
the key.
A
Figure 3.
A.
00
11
Hydraulic System By-Pass
Hydraulic Release Valve (right-hand pump shown)
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
ZERO TURN
DRIVING PRACTICE
The lever controls of the Zero Turn rider are responsive,
and learning to gain a smooth and efficient control of the
rider’s forward, reverse, and turning movements will take
some practice.
Spending some time going through the maneuvers
shown and becoming familiar with how the unit accelerates, travels, and steers — before you begin mowing —
is absolutely essential to getting the most out of the Zero
Turn rider.
Locate a smooth, flat area of your lawn — one with
plenty of room to maneuver. (Clear the area of objects,
people and animals before you begin.) Operate the unit
at mid-throttle during this practice session (ALWAYS
operate at full throttle when mowing), and turn slowly to
prevent tire slippage and damage to your lawn.
We suggest you begin with the Smooth Travel procedure
to the right, and then advance through the forward,
reverse, and turning maneuvers.
Smooth Travel
The lever controls of the
Zero Turn rider are
responsive .
The BEST method of
handling the ground
speed control levers is in
three steps — as shown
in Figure 4.
FIRST place your hands
onto the levers as shown.
SECOND, to go forward
gradually push the levers
forward with your palms.
THIRD, to speed up
move the levers farther
forward. To slow down
smoothly, slowly move
the levers toward neutral.
You must release the parking brake prior to moving the
control levers inward.
Figure 4.
Move Control
Levers Gradually
BASIC DRIVING
Forward Travel Practice
Reverse Travel Practice
Gradually move both ground speed control levers —
evenly FORWARD from neutral. Slow down and repeat.
LOOK DOWN & BEHIND, then gradually move both
ground speed control levers evenly BACK from neutral.
Slow down and repeat.
NOTE: Straight forward travel takes practice. If necessary, top speed can be balance-adjusted — see the
Speed Balancing Adjustment in the Adjustments section
near the back of this manual.
NOTE: Practice backing up for several minutes before
attempting to do so near objects. The rider turns sharply
in reverse as well as forward, and backing up straight
takes practice.
Forward
Travel
Figure 5.
Reverse
Travel
Forward Travel
Figure 6.
12
Forward Travel
00
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
Practice Turning Around a Corner
Practice Turning In Place
While traveling forward allow one handle to gradually
return back toward neutral. Repeat several times.
To turn in place, “Zero Turn,” gradually move one ground
speed control lever forward from neutral and one lever
back from neutral simultaneously. Repeat several times.
NOTE: To prevent pivoting directly on the tire tread, it is
best to keep both wheels going at least slightly forward.
NOTE: Changing the amount each lever is pulled—forward or back, changes the “pivot point” you turn on.
Turning
In-Place
Executing
Turns
Figure 7.
Turning Around a Corner
Figure 8.
Turning in Place
Figure 9.
Executing an End-Of-Row Turn
ADVANCED DRIVING
Executing an End-Of-Row Zero
Turn
Your Zero Turn Rider’s unique ability to turn
in place allows you to turn around at the end
of a cutting row rather than having to stop
and Y-turn before starting a new row.
For example, to execute a right end-of row
Zero Turn:
1. Slow down at the end of the row.
2. Move the LEFT ground speed control
lever forward slightly while moving the
RIGHT ground speed control lever back
to center and then slightly back from center.
3. Begin mowing forward again.
This technique turns the rider RIGHT and
slightly overlaps the row just cut - eliminating
the need to back up and re-cut missed grass.
As you become more familiar and experienced with operating the Zero Turn rider, you
will learn more maneuvers that will make
your mowing time easier and more enjoyable.
Remember, the more you practice, the better your control of the Zero Turn will be!
00
13
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
STORAGE
WARNING
Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less)
Never store the unit, with gasoline in engine or
fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed,
poorly ventilated enclosures. Gasoline fumes may
reach an open flame, spark or pilot light (such as
a furnace, water heater, clothes dryer, etc.) and
cause an explosion.
Handle gasoline carefully. It is highly flammable
and careless use could result in serious fire
damage to your person or property.
Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors
away from open flame or sparks.
Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline,
so never store the unit indoors or in any other area
where fuel vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel
vapor is also toxic if inhaled, so never store the unit in
any structure used for human or animal habitation.
Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit
temporarily or in between uses:
• Keep the unit in an area away from where children
may come into contact with it. If there’s any chance
of unauthorized use, remove the spark plug (s) and
put in a safe place. Be sure the spark plug opening is
protected from foreign objects with a suitable cover.
• If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonable level surface, chock the wheels.
• Clean all grass and dirt from the mower.
Long Term Storage (Longer Than 30 Days)
Before you store your unit for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety
Rules section, then perform the following steps:
1. Drain crankcase oil while engine is hot and refill with
a grade of oil that will be required when unit is used
again.
2. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows:
a. mower deck from the unit.
b. Clean underside of mower deck.
c. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat
of oil to prevent rusting.
3. Clean external surfaces and engine.
4. Prepare engine for storage. See engine owner’s
manual.
5. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling
fins, engine housing and air cleaner element.
6. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic or other waterproof material to keep out moisture,
dirt and insects.
7. Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the
Normal Care section.
8. Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to
any areas where paint is chipped or damaged.
9. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with
water and is fully charged. Battery life will be
increased if it is removed, put in a cool, dry place
and fully charged about once a month. If battery is
left in unit, disconnect the negative cable.
10. Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel system. If you have chosen to use a
fuel stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system,
follow all safety instructions and storage precautions
in this manual to prevent the possibility of fire from
the ignition of gasoline fumes. Remember, gasoline
fumes can travel to distant sources of ignition and
ignite, causing risk of explosion and fire.
NOTE: Gasoline, if permitted to stand unused for
extended periods (30 days or more), may develop
gummy deposits which can adversely affect the engine
carburetor and cause engine malfunction. To avoid this
condition, add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel tank and
run the engine a few minutes, or drain all fuel from the
unit before placing it in storage.
STARTING AFTER LONG TERM
STORAGE
Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long
period of time, perform the following steps.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
14
Remove any blocks from under the unit.
Install the battery if it was removed.
Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.
Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. See engine
manual for recommendations.
See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions for preparing engine after storage.
Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if necessary. If any condensation has developed during
storage, drain crankcase oil and refill.
Inflate tires to proper pressure. Check fluid levels.
Start the engine and let it run slowly. DO NOT run at
high speed immediately after starting. Be sure to run
engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area.
00
Notes
00
15
Regular
Maintenance
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your rider and mower. You will need to keep a record of
your operating time. Determining operating time is easily accomplished by observing the elapsed time recorded by
the hour meter.
See
Page
SAFETY ITEMS
Before
Before
First Use Each Use
Every
Every
Every
5 Hours 25 Hours 100 Hours
Spring
& Fall
Check Safety Interlock System
9
●
●
Check Rider Brakes
24
●
●
Check Mower Blade Stopping Time
NORMAL CARE ITEMS
26
See
Page
●
Before
Before
First Use Each Use
●
Every
Every
Every
5 Hours 25 Hours 100 Hours
●
●
●
●
Check Rider/Mower for loose hardware
—
Check Engine Oil Level
17*
Check Engine Air Filter
17*
Change Engine Oil & Filter **
17*
Lubricate Rider & Mower
18
Check Tire Pressure
16
●
***●
Check Hydraulic Fluid
17
●
***●
Check Fuel Filter
17
●
Clean Battery & Cables
18
●
Clean & Sharpen Mower Blades
19
●
Inspect Spark Plug
17*
●
●
●
Spring
& Fall
●
***●
***● Every 50 Hours
***●
***●
* See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual.
** Change original engine oil after first 5 hours of operation.
*** More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURES
Tire pressure should be checked periodically, and maintained at the levels shown in the chart. Note that these
pressures may differ slightly from the “Max Inflation”
stamped on the side-wall of the tires. The pressures
shown provide proper traction, improve cut quality, and
extend tire life.
Tire
Front
Pressure
25 psi (1,72 bar)
Rear
15 psi (1,03 bar)
Figure 10. Checking Tire Pressure
16
04
Regular Maintenance
CHECKING / ADDING FUEL
WARNING
To add fuel:
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot, as
spilled gasoline may ignite. DO NOT spread hose
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps
grip hoses firmly over filter after installation.
1. Remove the fuel cap (see A, Figure 2).
2. Fill the tank to the bottom of the filler neck. This will
allow for fuel expansion.
NOTE: Do not overfill. Refer to your engine manual for
specific fuel recommendations.
3. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap.
4. Repeat same process for opposite tank.
FUEL FILTER
The fuel filter is located in the fuel line between fuel shut
off valve and carburetor, near the fuel pump. If filter is
dirty or clogged, replace as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL,
gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol,
gasoline additives, premium gasoline, or white
gas because engine/fuel system damage
could result.
Shut off the fuel tank selection valve.
Disconnect the negative battery cable.
Place a container below the filter to catch spilled fuel.
Using a pliers, open and slide hose clamps from fuel
filter.
Remove hoses from filter.
Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line.
Secure with hose clamps.
Reconnect the negative battery cable when finished.
OIL & FILTER CHANGE
Refer to engine owners manual.
CHECK / CHANGE AIR FILTER
Refer to engine owners manual.
REPLACE SPARK PLUG
Refer to engine owners manual.
B
CHECK HYDRAULIC OIL LEVEL
A
NOTE: Do not open the hydraulic reservoir unless oil is
being added.
1. Lift up the seat plate to gain access to the oil reservoir compartment.
2. Look at the hydraulic oil reservoir (A, Figure 11) and
observe the oil level. When cold, the oil level should
be approximately 1/2” (1,3cm) below the MAX. HOT
OIL LEVEL line. The oil level should never be above
the MAX. HOT OIL LEVEL line.
3. If necessary, remove the reservoir cap (B, Figure 11)
and add either Mobil 1, 15W-50 synthetic oil or
Castrol Syntec 5W-50 oil. DO NOT use conventional
oils. Make sure area around the fill neck of the
reservoir is free of dust, dirt, or other debris.
00
Figure 11. Checking Hydraulic Oil Level
A.
B.
17
Hydraulic Oil Reservoir
Reservoir Cap
Regular Maintenance
LUBRICATION
Lubricate the unit at the following lubrication points.
Grease:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Oil:
front caster wheel axles
motion control pivot bearings
suspension a-arms
mower deck pusher bars
deck lift pivots
deck lift foot pedal
mower deck idler arm
mower deck caster pivots
• control handle pivots
• floor plate hinge
• discharge chute hinge
Generally, all moving metal parts should be oiled where
contact is made with other parts. Keep oil and grease
off belts and pulleys. Remember to wipe fittings and
surfaces clean both before and after lubrication.
Use grease fittings when present. Disassemble parts to
apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings are
not installed.
Not all greases are compatible. Ferris Red Grease
(P/N 22285) is recommended, automotive-type hightemperature, lithium grease may be used when this is
not available.
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Checking the Battery Fluid
Be careful when handling the battery. Avoid
spilling electrolyte. Keep flames and sparks away
from the battery.
When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect
it LAST. If not done in this order, the positive
terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool.
1. Raise the seat plate to access battery.
2. Remove the battery filler cap (A, Figure 12). Fluid
must be even with the split ring full mark. If not, add
distilled water.
3. Reinstall the filler cap.
Cleaning the Battery and Cables
1. Disconnect the cables from the battery, negative
cable first (C).
2. Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a
wire brush until shiny.
3. Reinstall the battery and reattach the battery cables,
positive cable first (B)
4. Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with petroleum jelly or non-conducting grease.
C
A
B
Figure 12. Battery Compartment
A.
B.
C.
18
Vent Cap(s)
Positive (+) Cable & Terminal
Negative (-) Cable & Terminal
00
Regular Maintenance
SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES
1. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents.
If not, sharpen blades as described in following
steps.
2. To remove blade for sharpening, use a 1” wrench on
the flats of the spindle shaft while removing the blade
mounting bolt with a 15/16” wrench (Figure 13).
3. Use a file to sharpen blade to fine edge. Remove all
nicks and dents in blade edge. If blade is severely
damaged, it should be replaced.
4. Balance the blade as shown in Figure 14. Center the
blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. A
balanced blade will remain level.
5. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward
deck as shown in Figure 15. Secure with a bolt and
flat washer and torque bolts to 70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.).
LOOSEN
Figure 13. Removing the Blade
WARNING
Mower blades are sharp. For your personal
safety, do not handle mower blades with bare
hands. Careless or improper handling of blades
may result in serious injury.For your personal
safety, blade mounting bolts must each be
installed with a flat washer then securely
tightened. Torque blade mounting bolts to
70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.)
Nail
Figure 14. Balancing The Blade
B
A
TIGHTEN
Figure 15. Installing The Blade
A.
B.
00
19
Blade Bolt
Flat Washer
Troubleshooting
Adjustments & Service
TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING
While normal care and regular maintenance will extend
the life of your equipment, prolonged or constant use
may eventually require that service be performed to
allow it to continue operating properly.
To avoid serious injury, perform maintenance on
the tractor or mower only when the engine is
stopped and the parking brake engaged.
Always remove the ignition key, disconnect the
spark plug wire and fasten it away from the plug
before beginning the maintenance, to prevent
accidental starting of the engine.
The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common
problems, their causes and remedies.
See the information on the following pages for instructions on how to perform most of these minor adjustments and service repairs yourself. If you prefer, all of
these procedures can be performed for you by your local
authorized dealer.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE RIDER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine will not turnover or start.
1.
2.
1. Engage parking brake.
2. Place in OFF position.
4.
5.
6.
3. If engine is hot, allow it to cool, then refill
the fuel tank.
4. Move throttle control out of CHOKE position.
5. Replace fuse.
6. Clean the battery terminals
Parking brake not engaged.
PTO (electric clutch) switch
in ON position.
3. Out of fuel.
Engine flooded.
Fuse blown.
Battery terminals require
cleaning.
7. Battery discharged or dead.
8. Wiring loose or broken.
Engine starts hard or runs poorly.
9. Solenoid or starter motor faulty.
10. Safety interlock switch
faulty.
11. Spark plug(s) faulty, fouled
or incorrectly gapped.
12. Water in fuel.
13. Gas is old or stale.
1. Fuel mixture too rich.
2.
Engine knocks.
Excessive oil consumption.
Engine exhaust is black.
Spark plug faulty, fouled, or
incorrectly gapped.
1. Low oil level.
2. Using wrong grade oil.
1. Engine running too hot.
2. Using wrong weight oil.
3. Too much oil in crankcase.
1. Dirty air filter.
2. Engine choke control
is in closed position.
20
7. Recharge or replace.
8. Visually check wiring & replace broken or
frayed wires. Tighten loose connections.
9. Repair or replace. See authorized dealer
10. Replace as needed. See authorized
service dealer.
11. Clean and gap or replace.
See engine manual.
12. Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
13. Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel.
1. Clean air filter. Check choke adjustment
(throttle control).
2. Clean and gap or replace.
(See engine manual.)
1. Check/add oil as required.
2. See engine manual.
1. Clean engine fins, blower screen and
air cleaner.
2. See engine manual.
3. Drain excess oil.
1. Replace air filter. See engine manual.
2. Open choke control.
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
Rider Troubleshooting Continued.
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine runs, but rider will
not drive.
1.
1. Turn valve(s) clockwise to close.
Rider drive belt slips.
Brake will not hold.
Rider steers or handles poorly.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
1.
2.
1.
2.
Hydraulic release valve(s)
in “open” position.
Belt is broken.
Drive belt slips.
Brake is not fully released.
Pulleys or belt greasy or oily.
Belt stretched or worn.
Brake is incorrectly adjusted.
Brake caliper pads worn.
Steering linkage is loose.
Improper tire inflation.
2. See Drive Belt Replacement.
3. See problem and cause below.
4. See authorized service dealer
1. Clean as required.
2. Replace belt.
1. See Brake Adjustment.
2. Replace with new brake pads.
1. Check and tighten any loose connections.
2. See Regular Maintenance Section.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE MOWER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Mower will not raise.
1.
1. See authorized service dealer for repair.
Mower cut is uneven.
1.
2.
Mower cut is rough looking.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine stalls easily with
mower engaged.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Excessive mower vibration.
1.
2.
3.
Excessive belt wear or breakage.
Mower drive belt slips
or fails to drive.
4.
1.
2.
1.
2.
00
Lift linkage not properly attached
or damaged.
Mower not leveled properly.
Rider tires not inflated
equally or properly.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Blades are dull.
Mower drive belt slipping
because it is oily or worn.
Blades not properly fastened
to arbors.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Cutting height set too low.
Discharge chute jamming
with cut grass.
Blade mounting bolts are loose.
Mower blades, arbors,
or pulleys are bent.
Mower blades are out
of balance.
Belt installed incorrectly.
Bent or rough pulleys.
Using incorrect belt.
Idler pulley spring broken or not
properly attached.
Mower drive belt broken.
21
1. See Mower Adjustment.
2. See Regular Maintenance Section.
1. Set throttle to full.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Sharpen or replace blades.
See Mower Blade Service.
4. Clean or replace belt as necessary.
5. See Servicing the Mower Blades.
1. Set to full throttle.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Cut tall grass at maximum cutting
height during first pass.
4. Cut grass with discharge pointing toward
previously cut area.
1. Tighten to 70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.).
2. Check and replace as necessary.
3. Remove, sharpen, and balance blades.
See Maintenance Section.
4. Reinstall Correctly.
1. Repair or replace.
2. Replace with correct belt.
1. Repair or replace as needed.
2. Replace drive belt.
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
SEAT ADJUSTMENT
See Figure 16. The seat can be adjusted forward and
back. Move the lever forward, position the seat as
desired, and release the lever to lock the seat into position.
Seat Adjustment
Lever
GROUND SPEED CONTROL LEVER
ADJUSTMENT
The control levers can be adjusted in two ways. The
alignment of the control levers can be adjusted along
with the placement of the levers (how close the ends are
to one another) can be adjusted.
Figure 16. Seat Adjustment
To Adjust the Handle Alignment
Loosen the mount bolts (A, Figure 17) and pivot the
lever(s) (C) to align with each other.
C
To Adjust the Handle Placement
Loosen the jam nuts and adjust the placement bolt (B) in
or out to properly adjust the lever end spacing.
A
SPEED BALANCING ADJUSTMENT
If the rider veers to the right or left when the ground
speed control levers are in the maximum forward position, the top speed of each of these levers can be balanced by turning the adjustment bolt(s) (A, Figure 18).
Only adjust the speed of the wheel that is traveling
faster.
B
Figure 17. Control Lever Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
Alignment Hardware
Placement Hardware
Ground Speed Control Lever
To Reduce the Speed of the Faster Wheel
1. Loosen the securing nut.
2. turn the top speed adjustment bolt COUNTERCLOCKWISE to reduce the speed.
3. Retighten the securing nut when adjustment is complete.
FRONT
WARNING
DO NOT adjust the tractor for a faster overall
speed forward or reverse than it was designed for.
C
B
A
Figure 18. Top Speed Adjustment
(Right side shown with fuel tank removed.)
A. Top Speed Adjustment Bolt
B. Control Lever Base
C. Neutral Lock Plate
22
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT
If the tractor “creeps” while the ground speed control
levers are locked in NEUTRAL, than it may be necessary to adjust the linkage rod.
NOTE: Perform this adjustment on a hard, level surface
such as a concrete floor.
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake and
turn off the engine.
2. There are three (3) nuts on the linkage rod. The first
two are to be used together to turn the rod and the
third (towards the front of the machine) is used to
lock the rod in place. Loosen the jam nut that locks
against the clevis (B, Figure 19) and turn the linkage
rod (A) to adjust. If the machine creeps forward, turn
the rod CLOCKWISE (while standing at the rear of
the machine, facing forward), if the machine creeps
backward, turn the rod COUNTER-CLOCKWISE.
3. Lock the jam nut (B) against the clevis when neutral
is achieved.
NOTE: This adjustment should not be performed while
the machine is running. It may take several attempts to
achieved neutral, depending upon how much the
machine creeps.
B
A
Figure 19. Neutral Adjustment
A. Adjustment Linkage Rod
B. Nuts
NEUTRAL POSITION & SPRING
RETURN ADJUSTMENT
Neutral Position Adjustment
C
A
D
If the machine “creeps” after the ground speed control
handles are brought into the operating position without
moving them forwards or backwards, it may be necessary to adjust the neutral return arm position.
1. Lock the ground speed control levers in the neutral
position.
2. Loosen the hardware fastening the arm to the pivot
plate (D, Figure 20).
3. Slide the arm either forward or back until the bearing
on the control arm settles into the corner of the neutral return arm.
4. Tighten the hardware when the neutral return arm is
in the proper position.
B
Figure 20. Neutral Spring Return Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
D.
Neutral Return Spring
Adjustment Holes
Neutral Return Arm
Neutral Return Arm Pivot
Neutral Return Adjustment
The farther the spring is located from the neutral return
arm’s pivot (D), the more spring force will be felt by the
operator while driving and will return to neutral faster.
This adjustment will tailor the “feel” of the control levers
to the operator.
Each of the springs (A, Figure 20) has three adjustment
holes (B). The closer the spring is located to the neutral
return arm’s pivot (D), the less spring force will be felt by
the operator while driving and will return to neutral slower.
00
NOTE: These adjustments must be made to BOTH sides
at the same time, and be placed in the SAME position to
one another.
23
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
PARKING BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
1. Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, block the front
wheels, remove the ignition key, and engage the
parking brake.
2. Locate the upper brake spring (A, Figure 21).
3. With the parking brake engaged, measure the compressed spring length. The spring should be 2” to 21/8” (5,0 - 5,4cm) when compressed.
4. If the spring is not within this range, jack up the rear
of the machine and secure with jackstands. Remove
both drive tires.
5. Locate the lower brake spring, adjustment nuts and
adjustment link (A, B & C, Figure 22).
6. Release the parking brake and turn the adjustment
nuts to compress or release the upper spring. Lock
the nuts against the adjustment link (C).
FRONT
2" - 2-1/8"
(5,0 - 5,4cm)
A
Figure 21. Parking Brake Adjustment
A.
Upper Brake Spring
CAUTION
A
Do not adjust the spring to be shorter than
2” (5,0cm) when compressed. This may damage
the brake caliper.
B
If this adjustment does not correct a braking problem, see your local Ferris dealer.
C
Figure 22. Parking Brake Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
24
Lower Brake Spring
Adjustment Nuts
Adjustment Link
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
FRONT SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENT
INCREASE
The shock assembly can be adjusted to vary the amount
of pre-load applied to the springs. This allows the operator to customize the ride according to operator’s weight
and/or operating conditions.
DECREASE
Less Pre-Load:
• Light operator weight
• Softer, more cushioned ride
• Best for relatively flat terrain
More Pre-Load:
• Heavy operator weight
• Stiffer, more rigid ride
• Better handling and greater stability on hilly terrain
To adjust the spring pre-load:
Figure 23. Front Suspension Adjustment
1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking brake.
2. See Figure 23. Using the supplied spanner wrench
(p/n 22853), insert the tip of the wrench into the
notch in the pre-load adjuster. While holding the
wrench in place with one hand, turn CLOCKWISE to
increase the pre-load, turn COUNTER-CLOCKWISE
to decrease the pre-load. Make sure both shocks
are set to the same amount of pre-load.
NOTE: Spanner wrench is located behind the rear seat
cross member, on the left-hand side of the machine.
WARNING
Use two hands when adjusting the shock springs.
This will prevent the wrench from slipping while
pressure is being applied.
REAR SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENT
A
If the rider tilts either side-to-side or front-to-rear, this
adjustment will level the frame with the ground.
B
Although this adjustment may not be necessary, it may
be required if additional weight (ie. a grass catcher) is
added to the frame or a drive tire is replaced.
NOTE: Perform this adjustment on a hard, level surface
such as a concrete floor.
Measure the distance between the ground and the bottom of the frame, behind the drive tires. This should
measure 9-3/4” (24,7 cm) for both sides for 25hp model;
10-1/4” (26 cm) for 27hp model. If it does not, loosen
the jam nut (B, Figure 24) and turn turn the height
adjustment bolt (A) COUNTER-CLOCKWISE to lower
the corresponding side of the frame, and CLOCKWISE
to raise the frame. Tighten the jam nuts.
00
Figure 24. Suspension Height Adjustment
A.
B.
25
Height Adjustment Bolt
Jam Nut
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
A
B
B
B
C
Figure 26. Adjust PTO Clutch
B
A.
B.
C.
A
Window
Adjustment Nut
.016”-.018” (0,40-0,45mm) Feeler Gauge
Figure 25. PTO Clutch Adjustment
A.
B.
Adjustment Window (Qty. 3, one shown)
Adjustment Nut
WARNING
PTO CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT
Check the PTO clutch adjustment after the initial 50 hour
break-in period and then after every 250 hours of operation. Also perform the following procedure if the clutch is
slipping or will not engage, or if a new clutch has been
installed.
1. Remove key from ignition switch and disconnect
spark plug wires to prevent the possibility of accidental starting while the PTO is being adjusted.
2. See Figure 25. Note the position of the 3 adjustment
windows (A) in the side of the brake plate and the
nylock adjustment nuts (B).
3. Insert a .016”-.018” (0,40-0,45mm) feeler gauge (C)
through each window, positioning the gauge between
the rotor face and the armature face as shown in
Figure 26.
4. Alternately tighten the adjustment nuts (B, Figure 25)
until the rotor face and armature face just contacts
the gauge.
5. Check the windows for an equal amount of tension
when the gauge is inserted and removed, and make
any necessary adjustments by tightening or loosening the adjustment nuts.
NOTE: The actual air gap between the rotor and armature may vary even after performing the adjustment procedure. This is due to dimensional variations on component parts, and is an acceptable condition.
To avoid serious injury, perform adjustments only
with engine stopped, key removed and tractor on
level ground.
Blade Brake Check
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off.
1. With parking brake engaged, PTO disengaged and
an operator in the seat, start the engine engine.
2. Have an assistant observe the mower drive belt
through the open end of the left-hand arbor cover.
Engage the PTO and wait several seconds.
Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it
takes for the mower drive belt to stop.
3. If the mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds, perform the PTO Clutch Adjustment. If the belt
still does not stop within 5 seconds, see your dealer.
6. Check the mower blade stopping time. The mower
blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after the electric PTO
switch is turned off.
26
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
CUTTING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT
B
WARNING
Before checking mower, shut off PTO and engine.
Allow all moving parts to stop. Remove ignition
key, then disconnect the spark plug wire and
fasten it away from the spark plug.
The cutting height adjustment pin (A, Figure 27) controls
the mower cutting height. The cutting height is
adjustable between 1-3/4” (4,4cm) and 5” (12,7cm) in
1/4” (0,64cm) increments.
C
A
Depress the deck lift foot pedal (B), placing the majority
of the force on the top edge of the pedal until it locks
into the “TRANSPORT” position. Place the cutting
height adjustment pin in the desired cutting height.
Depress the deck lift foot pedal, placing the majority of
the force on the bottom edge of the pedal to release the
pedal from the “TRANSPORT” position.
Figure 27. Cutting Height Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
Cutting Height Adjustment Pin
Deck Lift Foot Pedal
Cutting Height Selection Decal
DECK LEVELING ADJUSTMENT
1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking brake.
Rear tires must be inflated to 18 psi (124 kPa); front
tires to 20 psi (138 kPa).
2. Lock the deck lift pedal in the TRANSPORT position.
Place the deck height adjustment pin in the 4" position and lower deck the lift pedal until the arm contacts the pin.
3. Place 2 x 4 blocks under each corner of the mower
deck with the 3-1/2” sides being vertical. Place a
1/4” (0,64cm) thick spacer on top of the rear 2 x 4
blocks. See Figure 28.
Figure 28. 2 x 4 Locations
4. See Figure 29. Measure the distance between the
lift pivots and the spring rod pivots. Adjust the 5/8”
hex nuts on either side of the front spring rod pivot
until the measurements are equal.
Adjust Here
d
as
Me
ure
a
Me
re
su
Figure 29. Spring Rod Adjustment
00
27
2n
t
1s
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
5. See Figure 30. Measure the distance between the
rear lift pivots and the suspension-mounted lift pivots.
Add or remove 5/8” SAE washers from in between
the deck lift rod and the lift link until measurements
are equal.
6. Adjust the front eyebolts until the chains are tight and
the deck is still resting on the 2 x 4’s. Tighten jam
nuts. See Figure 31.
7. Loosen the nuts and allow the rear of the deck to
rest on the 2 x 4’s and 1/4” spacers. Slide the chains
down in the slots until the chains are tight and tighten the nuts. See Figure 31.
8. Remove all 2 x 4 blocks and spacers from under the
mower deck.
9. With the deck height adjustments complete and cutting height still set at 4", adjust the deck lift spring to
a compressed length of 14-1/4" (36,2cm). Be sure to
measure the spring only. Adjust the length of the
deck lift spring by tightening or loosening the (2) 5/8”
hex nuts that are closest to the spacer at the front
end of the spring (see Figure 31). After adjustment
is made, tighten these two nuts together. Perform
this step to both springs.
Add / Remove
5/8" SAE Washers
as
Me
ure
a
Me
2n
d
re
su
t
1s
Figure 30. Lift Rod Adjustment
4"
-1/ m
4
1 2c
,
36
Adjust Here
Adjust Here
HYDRAULIC PUMP DRIVE BELT
REPLACEMENT
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
2. Remove the PTO drive belt (see MOWER BELT
REPLACEMENT for removal instructions).
3. Loosen the nut towards the front of the machine on
the spring anchor hook (H, Figure 32) to release the
majority of the belt tension. Use caution and remove
the nut to completely release the tension.
4. Remove the old belt and replace it with the new one.
Make sure the V-side of the belt runs in the grooves
of the crankshaft pulley and pump pulleys (B & C).
5. Reinstall the anchor hook (H) into the anchor tab and
loosely fasten the nut. Adjust the spring until a
measurement of 7-3/4” (19,7cm) is achieved from the
outside if the spring hooks. Tighten nut.
6. Reinstall the PTO drive belt.
Adjust Here
Figure 31. Deck Level & Spring Length Adjustment
FRONT
B
E
A
F
D
7-3/4”
(19,7cm)
C
C
H
G
Figure 32. Hydraulic Pump Drive Belt Replacement
A.
B.
C.
D.
28
Pump Drive Belt
Crankshaft Pulley
Pump Pulley
Idler Pulley (stationary)
E.
F.
G.
H.
Idler Pulley
Idler Arm
Spring
Spring Anchor Hook
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT
To avoid damaging belts, DO NOT
PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS.
A
B
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
2. Remove the hardware fastening the PTO clutch to
the rubber anchor pad.
3. See Figure 33. Remove the hairpin clip and clevis
pin and remove the deck lift foot pedal. Lift the floor
plate to gain access to the PTO drive belt.
4. Loosen the spring compression nut (B, Figure 34) to
release the belt tension.
5. Slide the drive belt over the edge of the idler pulley
and then slide the belt under the idler pulley. Drop
the belt from the PTO clutch pulley groove.
6. Remove the old belt and replace with a new one.
Make sure the V-side of the belt runs in the pulley
grooves (Figure 35).
7. Install the drive belt on the PTO pulley, the spindle
pulleys and idler pulleys. Tighten the spring compression nut (B, Figure 34) until the belt tension
spring (A, Figure 34) is 1-5/8” (4,12cm) long.
8. Reinstall the hardware fastening the clutch to the
rubber anchor pad.
9. Run the mower under no-load condition for about 5
minutes to break-in the new belt.
Figure 33. Remove Lift Pedal
A.
B.
Clevis Pin
Deck Lift Lock Bar
B
A
Figure 34. Mower PTO Belt
A.
B.
Belt Tension Spring
Spring Compression Nut
D
B
C
A
A
D
D
A
Figure 35. Mower PTO Belt Routing
A.
B.
00
29
Spindle Pulley
PTO Drive Belt
C. Spring-loaded Idler Pulley
D. Stationary Idler Pulley
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
BATTERY SERVICE
6. Charge the battery until fully charged (until the specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher and
the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F). The
best method of making certain a battery is fully
charged, but not over charged, is to measure the
specific gravity of a cell once per hour. The battery is
fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low
charging rate and less than 0.003 change in specific
gravity occurs over a three hour period.
WARNING
Keep open flames and sparks away from the
battery; the gasses coming from it are highly
explosive. Ventilate the battery well during
charging.
Checking Battery Voltage
A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of battery. When engine is off, the voltmeter shows battery
voltage, which should be 12 volts. When engine is running, the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit
which normally is 13 to 14 volts.
A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may
not mean the battery needs to be replaced. For example, it may mean that the alternator is not charging the
battery properly. If there is any doubt about the cause of
the problem, see your dealer. If you need to replace the
battery, follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery &
Cables in the Regular Maintenance Section.
Charging a Completely Discharged Battery
1. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should
observe during the charging operation. If you are
unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and
hydrometer, have the battery serviced by your dealer.
2. Add distilled water sufficient to cover the plate (fill to
the proper level near the end of the charge). If the
battery is extremely cold, allow it to warm before
adding water because the water level will rise as it
warms. Also, an extremely cold battery will not
accept a normal charge until it becomes warm.
3. Always unplug or turn the charger off before attaching or removing the clamp connections.
4. Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper
polarity (usually red to [+] positive and black to [-]
negative).
5. While charging, periodically measure the temperature of the electrolyte. If the temperature exceeds
125° F (51.6° C), or if violent gassing or spewing of
electrolyte occurs, the charging rate must be reduced
or temporarily halted to prevent battery damage.
Jump Starting With Auxiliary (Booster)
Battery
Jump starting is not recommended. However, if it must
be done, follow these directions. Both booster and discharged batteries should be treated carefully when using
jumper cables. Follow the steps below EXACTLY, being
careful not to cause sparks. Refer to Figure 36 .
1. Both batteries must be of the same voltage.
2. Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent
to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that
booster cables can be connected easily to the batteries in both vehicles. Make certain vehicles do not
touch each other.
3. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from
batteries at all times. Be sure vent caps are tight.
Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries.
4. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid).
5. Connect the other end of same cable to same post
marked positive (+) on booster battery.
6. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other post
of booster battery.
7. Make final connection on engine block of stalled
vehicle away from battery. Do not lean over batteries.
8. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery. Wait a few minutes, then attempt to start the
engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
9. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty
seconds, STOP PROCEDURE. More than thirty seconds seldom starts the engine unless some mechanical adjustment is made.
10. After starting, allow the engine to return to idle
speed. Remove the cable connection at the engine
or frame. Then remove the other end of the same
cable from the booster battery.
11. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the discharged battery first and then disconnect the opposite end from the booster battery.
12. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the
battery vent caps.
30
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES
To
Starter
Switch
To
Starter
Switch
Jumper Cable
Starting
Vehicle
Battery
Discharged
Vehicle
Battery
Jumper Cable
To Ground
Engine
Block
MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH
Figure 36. Jump Starting
WARNING
WARNING
Any procedure other than the preceding could
result in:
(1) personal injury caused by electrolyte
squirting out the battery vents,
(2) personal injury or property damage due to
battery explosion,
(3) damage to the charging system of the
booster vehicle or of the immobilized
vehicle.
Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a
frozen battery because the battery may rupture or
explode. If a frozen battery is suspected, examine
all fill vents on the battery. If ice can be seen or if
the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen, do not
attempt to start with jumper cables as long as the
battery remains frozen.
00
For your personal safety, use extreme care when
jump starting. Never expose battery to open flame
or electric spark – battery action generates
hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
Do not allow battery acid to contact skin, eyes,
fabrics, or painted surfaces. Batteries contain a
sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious
personal injury or property damage.
When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and
reconnect it LAST. If not done in this order, the
positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a
tool.
To avoid engine damage, do not disconnect
battery while engine is running. Be sure terminal
connections are tight before starting.
31
Lawn Care
& Mowing Information
GENERAL INFORMATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Proper mowing is an important part of maintaining your
lawn in the best possible condition. A healthy and well
maintained lawn is better able to resist drought, weeds,
and other stresses. But too much maintenance is as
detrimental to your lawn as neglect. Proper care for your
lawn involves more than just “cutting the grass.” To have
a healthy lawn, you need to know:
Types of Grass, Climate and Conditions
How and When to Water, Fertilize & Aerate
How High to Mow the Grass
When and How Often to Mow
What Mowing Patterns to Use
Proper Mowing Methods
How to Solve Common Mowing Problems
TYPES OF GRASS, CLIMATE AND
CONDITIONS
A variety of grasses are commonly grown in household
lawns, but two main groups known as cool-season
grasses (varieties of bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescue),
and warm-season grasses (typically bermuda, buffalo
grass, and zoysia varieties) are the most common.
The cool-season grasses are better suited to cooler climates, and do not endure hot and dry weather as well as
warm-season grasses, but conversely, the warm-season
grasses do not grow as well in cooler climates. Most residential lawns are typically seeded with a mixture of these
grasses. (A local nursery or lawn center may help you to
identify what kind of grass your lawn contains from a
sample.)
Knowing your climate and conditions is also important to
proper lawn care. Drier climates or conditions will require
additional watering, while wetter climates may require
more frequent mowing.
HOW AND WHEN TO WATER,
FERTILIZE & AERATE
The best method of watering a lawn is to imitate a slow,
soaking rain, applying about 1 inch of water. A method
of verifying the amount that you have watered, is to place
several empty tin cans (low shallow cans work best) in
various spots around the lawn, and check the depth of
water in the can during the watering process.
HOW TO FERTILIZE YOUR LAWN
Every lawn’s watering needs are unique and are dependent upon the type of grass and soil, the amount of local
rainfall, and other conditions. Most lawns are watered
too often, but with too little water. However too much
water can allow development of diseases with your lawn.
It is best to water the lawn only when necessary, and
then to water it slowly, evenly, and deeply—imitating
a slow, soaking rain.
WHEN TO WATER YOUR LAWN
When the lawn begins to wilt, the grass’s color dulls, or
footprints stay compressed for more than a few seconds,
the lawn is beginning to dry out, and needs additional
moisture. The best time to water is early morning to allow
the water to soak deeply into the lawn and reduce the
amount that evaporates in the hot afternoon sun.
TP 600-7000-01-UV-FD
HOW TO WATER YOUR LAWN
Fertilizing with a slow-release fertilizer provides missing
nutrients which help create slow, even growth. While
opinions vary on the need for fertilizing, when and how
much to fertilize will be more a factor of the condition of
the lawn and soil than any routine. Remember that overfertilizing can cause harm, and that most fertilizing
should be applied in the spring so that it will release into
the lawn through the summer. For more information,
check with a local nursery or lawn care specialist, and
read and follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions.
AERATING YOUR LAWN
Consider aerating your lawn in spring. Using an aerator
to remove cores of soil from the lawn increases the
speed of clipping decomposition and encourages deeper
root growth by opening up the soil and permitting greater
movement of water, fertilizer and air.
LC-1
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
HOW HIGH TO
MOW THE GRASS
Cut less than
1/3
Often cutting height is a
matter of personal preference. Typically, you should
mow the grass when it is is
between three and five
inches high. The proper
cutting height range for a
specific lawn will depend
upon several factors,
including the type of grass,
the amount of rainfall, the
prevailing temperature, and
the lawn’s overall condition.
Optimal
cutting point
at less than
1/3 from top
of grass blade
Cutting down to this
area contributes to
thatch problems
Cutting the grass too short
causes weak, thin grass
plants, which are easily
damaged by dry periods
and pests. Cutting too short
is often more damaging
than allowing the grass to be slightly higher.
Letting grass grow a bit longer—especially when it is hot and
dry—reduces heat build-up, preserves needed moisture and
protects the grass from heat damage and other problems.
However, allowing grass to grow too high can cause thin turf
and additional problems.
1/3
Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant’s growth
system and weakens the grass plants. A good rule of
thumb is the 1/3 rule: to cut no more than one third of
the grass height, and never more than 1 inch at a time.
The amount of grass you are able to cut in one pass is also
effected by the type of mowing system you are using (for
example, broadcasting with side discharge decks can
process a much larger volume of grass than mulching does).
NOTE: We cover some specific mowing instructions for
mulching and broadcasting later in this Lawn Care section.
Cut Here On
First Pass
Cut
Here On
Second
Pass
1 inch
Proper Cutting Height
Tall Grass Requires Incremental Cutting
For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at maximum for the first pass, and then reset it to the desired
height and mow a second or third time.
Don’t cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of
clippings. Consider using a grass collection system
and starting a compost pile.
LC-2
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
WHEN AND HOW OFTEN TO MOW
The time of day and condition of the grass greatly affect
the results you’ll get when mowing. For the best results,
follow these guidelines:
l Mow when the grass is between three and five inches
high.
l Mow with sharp blades. Short clippings of grass one
inch or shorter decompose more quickly than longer
blades. Sharp mower blades cut grass cleanly and
efficiently, preventing frayed edges which harm the
grass.
l Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and dry.
Late afternoon or early evening often provide these
ideal mowing conditions.
l Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew, and
never mulch when the grass is wet (moist grass does
not mulch well, and clumps beneath the mower
deck).
WHAT MOWING PATTERNS TO USE
Where possible, make one or two passes around the
outside of the area discharging the grass INTO the lawn
to keep the cut grass off fences and walks.
Always start mowing on a smooth, level area.
The size and type of area to be mowed will determine
the best mowing pattern to use. Obstructions such as
trees, fences and buildings, and conditions such as
slopes and grades must also be considered.
l Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly.
l Where possible, change patterns occasionally to
eliminate matting, graining or a corrugated appearance.
l For a truly professional cut, mow across the lawn in
one direction, then recut the lawn by mowing perpendicular to the previous cut.
Note: Always operate the engine at full throttle when
mowing.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems. Use an appropriate ground speed for
the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd
gear or slower for manual gear models). If you hear the
engine slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a
slower ground speed.
The remainder of the mowing should be done in the
opposite direction so that the clippings are dispersed
OUT onto the area of lawn previously cut.
LC-3
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
MOWING METHODS
Proper Broadcast Mowing
Broadcasting, or side-discharging, disperses fine clippings evenly over the entire lawn. Many golf courses use
this method. Your mower has a deep dish deck to allow
freer circulation of clippings so they are broadcast evenly
over the lawn.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems.
HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF WHEN BROADCASTING
ALWAYS use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or
slower for manual gear models). If you hear the engine
Mow when the grass is 3-5 inches long. Do not cut the
grass shorter than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. Do not cut off more
that 1 inch of grass in a single pass.
slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a slower
ground speed.
Proper Mulching
HOW MUCH GRASS TO MULCH
Mulching consists of a mower
Mulching
Action
deck which cuts and recuts clipThe best mulching action typicalpings into tiny particles and
ly results from cutting only the
which then blows them down
top 1/2 inch to 3/4 inch of grass
INTO the lawn. These tiny partiblade. This provides short clipcles decompose rapidly into bypings which decompose properly
products your lawn can use.
(much more quickly than longer
UNDER PROPER CONDIclippings). The ideal cutting
TIONS, your mulching mower will virtually eliminate
height will vary with climate, time of year, and quality of
noticeable clippings on the lawn surface.
your lawn. We recommend that you experiment with both
the cutting height and ground speed until you achieve
NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting conditions, a
the best cut. Start with a high cutting height and using
rumbling sound may be present and is normal.
progressively lower settings until you find a cutting height
MULCHING REQUIRES EXCELLENT MOWING
that is matched to your mowing conditions and preferCONDITIONS
ences.
Mulching mowers cannot function properly if the grass is
wet, or if the grass is simply to high to cut. Even more
than normal mowing, mulching requires that the grass be
dry and the the appropriate amount is cut.
Do not use the mower as a mulching mower during the
first two or three mowings in the spring. The long grass
blades, quick growth, and often wetter conditions are
more suitable for broadcasting (side-discharging) or
grass bagging operation.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Use full engine throttle matched with a slow ground
speed so that clippings will be finely cut. Ground speed
while mulching should be HALF of the speed that would
be used when broadcasting (side discharging) under
similar conditions. Since mulching requires more horsepower than broadcasting, using a slower ground speed is
vitally important for proper mulching operation.
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information
TIPS On Dealing With Clippings
Clippings are beneficial to your lawn. A common misconception about clippings is that they automatically
lead to thatch—this is untrue. Short clippings produced
by broadcasting and clippings produced by mulching
methods actually contribute to a healthy lawn
because they:
COMPOSTING
The best way to recycle excess clippings and leave your
lawn looking immaculate is to collect them with an efficient collection system and deposit them in a compost
pile. A compost pile is a collection of grass, leaves, and
other organic wastes which—when properly tended—
decompose into an odorless, topsoil material. This
material, in turn, acts as an inexpensive fertilizer for your
lawn and garden.
How to start a healthy compost pile:
1 Build a bin using bricks, fencing, cement blocks, etc. or purchase a prefabricated bin from a garden store. The bin
should also have venting on each side and from the bottom
to the top.
2 Fill the bin with alternating layers of yard waste. Follow this
recipe:
First layer: 3-4 inches of chopped brush or other coarse
material.
Second layer: 6-8 inches of mixed leaves, grass clippings,
sawdust, etc. Materials should be "sponge damp."
Third layer: 1 inch of soil to add micro-organisms that help
break down organic matter.
Fourth layer: 1-2 inches of manure to provide the nitrogen
needed by micro-organisms.
Keep adding layers until the bin is almost full. Top off with
a 4-6 inch layer of straw and scoop out a "basin" to catch
rain water.
3 Four or five days later the pile will reach temperatures of
140-160 degrees. At this time you'll notice it settling, a
good sign your compost is working properly.
4 After 5-6 weeks, fork materials into a new pile, turning the
outside of the old heap into the center of the new one. Add
water if necessary. The compost should be ready to use
within three to four months when dark brown, crumbly, and
earthy-smelling.
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•
•
•
•
Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn.
Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear.
Moderate soil temperature.
Clippings act as a safe, non-polluting and inexpensive fertilizer that nourishes your lawn. Fresh cut
grass blades are 85% water, and are a rich source
of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth. And
one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1/4 lb.
of usable organic nitrogen.
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
SOLUTIONS FOR COMMON MOWING PROBLEMS
Streaking
Streaking
Streaking is when thin strips of uncut grass are left
behind the mower. Streaking is usually caused by
operator error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Not overlapping cutting rows enough
Not overlapping enough when turning
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
Overlap your cutting rows
When turning your effective cutting width
decreases–overlap more when turning
Stepped Cutting
Stepped Cutting
Stepped cutting is sharp ridges or uneven levels left in
the lawn surface. Stepped cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment, or damage to
mower blades.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tires are not properly inflated
Blades are damaged
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Check and inflate the tires
Replace the blades
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
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Lawn Care & Mowing Information
Uneven Cutting
Uneven Cutting
Uneven cutting is waviness or smooth troughs in the
lawn surface. Uneven cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Blades are dull or worn
Blades are damaged
Deck is clogged with grass clippings
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Sharpen or replace the blades
Replace the blades
Clean out the deck
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
Scalping
Scalping
Scalping is when the mower deck comes close to or hits
the ground. Scalping can be caused by the mower deck
misadjustment, unevenness in the lawn, or by mower
deck bouncing because the ground speed is too fast.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Lawn is uneven or bumpy
Mower deck cutting height is set too low
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tire pressure is low or uneven
Roll or level the lawn
Raise the cutting height
Slow down
Correctly level the deck
Check and inflate the tires
Stingers
Stingers
Stingers are sparse patches of uncut grass left behind
the mower. Stingers are usually caused by operator
error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp or are nicked
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
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Common International Symbols
PTO Clutch
Choke
Fast (Throttle)
Parking Brake
Slow (Throttle)
Brake
Throttle
Mower Cutting
Height Adjustment
Fuel
Headlights
Technical Manuals
Additional Technical Literature Available
Operators Manuals
Additional copies of this manual are available, (and as part
of our product support commitment, we maintain a stock of
printed operators manuals going back many years!)
Parts Manuals
Fully illustrated parts manuals are also available —
these manuals show all of the product’s components in
exploded views (“3D” illustrations which show the relationship of
the parts and how they go together), as well as giving the replacement part numbers and quantities used. Important assembly notes and
special torque values are included in these manuals.
For the applicable manuals currently available for
your model, contact your local dealer. Have the
information listed in the box at the right available
when making in your request.
Model:
Serial No.:
Your Name:
Address:
City, State, Zip:
Visa/Mastercard No.:
Card Expiration Date:
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Notes
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