All about
Servicing
Upright Freezers
With Standard And Electronic Controls
™
Electrolux Major Appliances; North America
250 Bobby Jones Expwy
Augusta, GA 30907
Publication #5995531505
Revision B
November 2009
Section 1 Basic Information
This Manual has been prepared to provide Electrolux Service Personnel with Operation and Service Information for the
following models.
Frigidaire Upright Freezers Equipped with the EZ Set Control:
Models FFU14F5H, FFU17F5H, FFH17F7H, FFU21F5H and FKCH17F7H
Frigidaire Upright Freezers Equipped with the Precision Set Control:
FFU14F7H, FKFH21F7H, GLFH17F8H and GLFH21F8H
Safe Servicing Practices
Avoid personal injury and/or property damage by observing important Safe Servicing Practices.
Following are some limited examples of safe practices:
1.
DO NOT attempt a product repair if you have any doubts as to your ability to complete the repair in a safe and
satisfactory manner.
2.
Always Use The Correct Replacement Parts as indicated in the parts documentation. Substitutions may defeat
compliance with Safety Standards Set For Home Appliances.
3.
Before servicing or moving an appliance:
• Remove power cord from the electrical outlet, trip circuit breaker to OFF position, or remove fuse.
• Turn off water supply if unit has an icemaker.
4.
Never interfere with the proper operation of any safety device.
5.
Use ONLY REPLACEMENT PARTS CATALOGED FOR THIS APPLIANCE. Substitutions may defeat
compliance with Safety Standards Set For Home Appliances.
6.
GROUNDING: The standard color coding for safety ground wires is GREEN, or GREEN with YELLOW
STRIPES. Ground leads are not to be used as current carrying conductors.
It is EXTREMELY important that the service technician reestablish all safety grounds prior to completion of
service. Failure to do so will create a hazard.
7.
Prior to returning the product to service, ensure that:
• All electrical connections are correct and secure.
• All electrical leads are properly dressed and secured away from sharp edges, high temperature components, and
moving parts.
• All non-insulated electrical terminals, connectors, heaters, etc. are adequately spaced away from all metal parts
and panels.
• All safety grounds (both internal and external) are correctly and securely connected.
• All panels are properly and securely reassembled
• Gas and water supplies are turned ON if shut off prior to service.
ATTENTION!!!
This service manual is intended for use by persons having electrical and mechanical training and
a level of knowledge of these subjects generally considered acceptable in the appliance repair
trade. Electrolux Home Products, Inc. cannot be responsible, nor assume any liability, for injury or
damage of any kind arising from the use of this manual.
© 2009 Electrolux Home Products, Inc.
1-1
Section 1 Basic Information
Section 1 - Basic Information ......................... 1-1
Section 4 - Refrigeration System .................. 4-1
Safe Servicing Practices .......................................
Table of Contents................................................
Child Safety ........................................................
Model Serial Number Breakdown ..........................
Serial Plate .........................................................
17 cu. ft. Performance and Unit Dimensions ........
20 cu. ft. Performance and Unit Dimensions ........
Definitions .........................................................
Safety Warnings .................................................
Charging Sealed Systems....................................
Soldering ...........................................................
Basic Components ..............................................
Refrigerant Cycle................................................
Low/High Side Leak or Undercharge ....................
Testing for Refrigerant Leaks ..............................
Compressor Replacement ...................................
To Flush the System...........................................
To Use Dry Nitrogen to Flush the System ............
To Use Refrigerant to Flush the System...............
Installing a New Compressor ..............................
Condenser Replacement .....................................
Filter-Drier Installation ........................................
Evaporator and Suction Line Replacement ...........
Equipment Needed for Evacuation & Recharging ..
Installing Evacuation and Recharging Equipment..
Evacuating System .............................................
Charging the System ..........................................
Preparing the Charging Cylinder ..........................
Final Leak Test ..................................................
Verify Refrigerant Type in the System .................
Dedicated Equipment .........................................
R-134a Refrigeration Systems .............................
Miscibility of R-134a and Ester Oil .......................
Water in the Refrigeration System.......................
Vacuum Pump Maintenance ................................
Refrigerant Leaks ...............................................
Leak Detection ...................................................
R-134a Properties ..............................................
HFC-134a, CFC-12 Pressure Temp. Chart.............
Inhalation Toxicity..............................................
Cardiac Sensitization ..........................................
Spills or Leaks....................................................
Skin and Eye Contact .........................................
Combustibility of HFC-134a .................................
Leak Testing ......................................................
Bulk Delivery and Storage...................................
Filling and Charging Operations...........................
Refrigerant Recovery Systems .............................
Thermal Decomposition ......................................
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-5
1-6
Section 2 - Installation Information .............. 2-1
Important Safety Instructions ..............................
Location .............................................................
Leveling..............................................................
Electrical Information ..........................................
Door Removal .....................................................
Door Handle Mounting Instructions ......................
2-1
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-5
Section 3 - Electronic Control ......................... 3-1
Electronic Temperature Control ............................
Setting Selection .................................................
Control Lock ......................................................
Defrost Timing ....................................................
Manual Defrost ..................................................
Showroom Mode .................................................
Service Diagnostic Mode ......................................
Initiate Service Mode ...........................................
Error Modes ........................................................
Thermistor Error Mode .......................................
Fail Safe Mode ....................................................
Stuck Key ...........................................................
Thermistor Chart .................................................
Alarms................................................................
Door Ajar Alarm ..................................................
High Temperature Alarm .....................................
Instructions for Programming EZ Set Controls .......
Precision Set Control ...........................................
Power-up Condition .............................................
Setting Selection .................................................
Control Lock .......................................................
Display and Temperature Scale (F°/C°) ................
Door Alarm .........................................................
Extreme or Quick Freeze .....................................
High Temperature Alarm .....................................
Showroom Mode .................................................
Service Diagnostic Mode ......................................
Thermistor Error Mode ........................................
Fail Safe Error Mode ............................................
Power Loss Recovery Alarms................................
1-2
3-1
3-1
3-1
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3-5
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3-5
3-6
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3-6
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4-3
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4-5
4-6
4-7
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4-8
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4-10
4-11
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4-11
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4-12
4-13
4-13
4-14
4-14
4-15
4-16
4-16
4-16
4-16
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-17
Section 1 Basic Information
Section 5- Component Teardown ................... 5-1
FOR YOUR SAFETY
Warnings and Cautions ....................................... 5-1
Exterior Components .......................................... 5-2
Door Handle ...................................................... 5-2
Kickplate............................................................ 5-2
Door Hinge and Door Assembly .......................... 5-2
Lower Hinge Assembly ....................................... 5-3
Door Gasket and Inner Panel .............................. 5-3
Door Lock .......................................................... 5-4
EZ Set Control Assembly..................................... 5-4
Precision Set Control Assembly ........................... 5-4
Door Shelf Guard ............................................... 5-5
Door Switch ....................................................... 5-5
Interior Components .......................................... 5-5
Shelf Assembly................................................... 5-5
Wire Basket ....................................................... 5-5
Light Shield ....................................................... 5-6
Light Fixture ...................................................... 5-6
Baffle Plate ........................................................ 5-6
Evaporator Cover ............................................... 5-6
Evaporator Fan Assembly ................................... 5-7
Defrost Thermostat ............................................ 5-7
Thermistor ......................................................... 5-7
Defrost Heater ................................................... 5-8
Evaporator ......................................................... 5-8
Compressor Area Components ............................ 5-9
Power Cord........................................................ 5-9
Filter-Drier ......................................................... 5-9
Drain Pan .......................................................... 5-9
Compressor ....................................................... 5-10
Condenser Service.............................................. 5-11
Do not store or use gasoline, or other flammable vapors
and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
Read product labels for flammability and other warnings.
Section 6 - Troubleshooting .......................... 6-1
Troubleshooting Chart .......................................
6-1
Section 7 - Wire Diagrams ............................. 7-1
Wiring Diagram .................................................
CHILD SAFETY
•
Destroy carton, plastic bags, and any exterior
wrapping material immediately after the freezer is
unpacked. Children should never use these items to
play. Cartons covered with rugs, bedspreads,
plastic sheets or stretch wrap may become airtight
chambers, and can quickly cause suffocation.
•
Remove all staples from the carton. Staples can
cause severe cuts, and destroy finishes if they come
in contact with other appliances or furniture.
•
An empty, discarded ice box, refrigerator, or freezer
is a very dangerous attraction to children.
•
Remove and discard any spacers used to secure the
shelves during shipping. Small objects are a choke
hazard to children.
•
Remove the door(s) of any appliance that is not in
use, even if it is being discarded.
RISK OF CHILD ENTRAPMENT
Child entrapment and suffocation are not problems of the
past. Junked or abandoned refrigerators or freezers are
still dangerous – even if they will sit for “just a few days”.
If you are getting rid of your old refrigerator or freezer,
please follow the instructions below to help prevent accidents:
•
Remove the door/lid. If your door has an electronic
control panel, have it removed by a qualified
technician.
•
Leave shelves in place so children may not easily
climb inside.
•
Have the refrigerant removed by a qualified
technician.
7-1
1-3
Section 1 Basic Information
Frigidaire Upright Freezer
Model Number Nomenclature
F
F
H
17 F
8
H
W
Color
Year Introduced
Feature Level
Type of Defrost
Product Size
Product Type
Product
Brand
Serial Number
X
A
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Incremented Unit Number.
Two Digit Production Week.
Last Digit of ProductionYear.
Product Identification.
Manufacturing Facility.
A=Alpha
N=Numeric
X=Either Alpha or Numeric Character
Serial Plate
The serial plate is located inside the cabinet on the left
sidewall. The technician should always refer to the
serial plate to assure refrigerant type and quantity, as
well as electrical ratings and operating pressures.
1-4
Brand
AF - Frigidaire Ultrafreeze
LF - Lowe’s Frigidaire
F - Frigidaire
GL - Frigidaire Gallery
G - Gibson
PL - Frigidaire Professional
W - White Westinghouse
FK - Kenmore Frigidaire
K - Kelvinator
Section 1 Basic Information
Upright Freezers with Electronic Control (EZ Set Control)
Performance
(Control at number 1 setting)
Room Ambient .......................................................
Freezer Compartment Temperature .........................
Percent Running Time ............................................
*Wattage Range (Last 1/3 of cycle) ........................
Suction Pressure (Cut-in, cut-out), PSIG ..................
High Side Pressure (Last 1/3 of cycle), PSIG ............
70°F
2 to 8°F
35 - 45%
115 - 140
14 - 0
100 - 115
90°F
2 to 8°F
50 - 65%
140 - 155
14 - 0
140 - 155
Model FFH17F8W Unit Dimensions
28½”
32”
59-½” min.
60-¼” max.
Power cord
location
(right bottom rear)
26-¼”
31-⅛”
59-⅜”
(with door 90˚ open)
Note:
To allow for proper airflow,
3 minimum surrounding
airspace required on each
side, back and top.
1-5
Section 1 Basic Information
Upright Freezers with Electronic Control (Precision Set Control)
Performance
Room Ambient .......................................................
Freezer Compartment Temperature .........................
Percent Running Time ............................................
*Wattage Range (Last 1/3 of cycle) ........................
Suction Pressure (Cut-in, cut-out), PSIG ..................
High Side Pressure (Last 1/3 of cycle), PSIG ............
70°F
-10 to 10°F
30 - 45%
100 - 140
14 - 0
100 - 125
90°F
-10 to 10°F
45 - 65%
110 - 145
14 - 0
140 - 165
Model GLFH21F8H Unit Dimensions
28½”
32”
70-⅝”
Power cord
location
(right bottom rear)
26-¼”
31-⅛”
59-⅜”
(with door 90˚ open)
1-6
Note:
To allow for proper airflow,
3 minimum surrounding
airspace required on each
side, back and top.
Section 2 Installation Information
Recognize safety symbols, words and labels:
Safety items throughout this manual are labeled with a WARNING or CAUTION based on the risk type as described
below:
WARNING
This symbol alerts you to situations that may cause serious body harm, death or
property damage.
CAUTION
This symbol alerts you to situations that may cause bodily injury or property damage.
WARNING
To reduce the risk of fire, electrical shock, or injury when using an Upright Freezer, follow basic safety
precautions including the following:
-
Read all instructions before operating the freezer.
-
Before performing any type of service or installation, make sure that electric power to the freezer is
disconnected.
-
To avoid the possibility of explosion or fire, do not store or use combustible, flammable, or
explosive liquids or vapors (such as gasoline) inside or in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
-
This appliance is equipped with a three-prong grounding plug for protection against possible
electric shock hazards. Plug it only into a dedicated, grounded electrical outlet. When only a
standard two-prong electrical outlet is available, the customer must have it replaced with a
dedicated, properly grounded three-prong electrical outlet before using this Appliance.
Do not under any circumstances, cut or remove the third (ground) prong from the power cord.
Do not use an adapter plug.
Do not use an extension cord.
Do not use a power cord that is frayed or damaged.
The use of a ground fault interrupter (GFI) is not recommended.
-
Do not install or use a damaged appliance. If you receive a damaged appliance, immediately
contact your dealer or builder.
-
The installer must show the customer the location of the power plug so that they know where and
how to disconnect power to the freezer.
-
Do not install, repair, or replace any part of the freezer unless specifically recommended in the
literature accompanying it. A qualified service technician should perform all other service.
WARNING
Electrolux Home Products Inc. cannot be held responsible for damage to property or injury to persons caused by
failure to comply with the installation, maintenance and safety instructions contained in this Service Manual.
2-1
Section 2 Installation Information
WARNING
Destroy carton, plastic bags, and any exterior wrapping material immediately after the refrigerator/
freezer is unpacked. Children should never use these items for play. Cartons covered with rugs,
bedspreads, plastic sheets or stretch wrap may become air tight chambers and can quickly cause
suffocation.
A child might suffocate if he crawls into the freezer to hide or play. Remove the door/lid of the
refrigerator/freezer when not in use, even if you plan to discard the freezer. Many communities have
laws requiring you to take this safety precaution.
Remove or discard any spacers used to secure the shelves during shipping. Small objects are a choke
hazard to children.
Child entrapment and suffocation are not problems of the past. Junked or abandoned refrigerators or
freezers are still dangerous– even if they will sit for “just a few days”. If you are getting rid of your
old refrigerator or freezer, please follow the instructions below to help prevent accidents:
•Remove the door/lid.
•Leave shelves in place so children may not easily climb inside.
•Have the refrigerant removed by a qualified technician.
Installation Checklist
Doors
Handles are secure and tight
Door seals completely to cabinet on all sides
Freezer door is level across the top
Leveling
Freezer is level, side-to-side and tilted 1/4”
(6mm) front-to-back
Toe grille is properly attached to freezer
Cabinet is setting solid on all corners
Electrical Power
House power turned on
Freezer plugged in
Final Checks
Shipping material removed
Freezer temperatures set
Registration card sent in
2-2
Section 2 Installation Information
Location
1. Choose a place that is near a grounded electrical
outlet. Do Not use an extension cord or an adapter
plug.
2. If possible, place the freezer out of direct sunlight
and away from the range, dishwasher or other heat
sources.
3. The freezer must be installed on a floor that is level
and strong enough to support a fully loaded freezer.
4. Consider water supply availability for models
equipped with an automatic ice maker.
5. The freezer should be located where surrounding
temperature will not exceed 110ºF (43ºC).
6. For ease of installation, proper air circulation and
electrical connections, see Figure 2-1 for
recommended clearances.
7. For dynamic condenser models, DO NOT block
the toe grille on the lower front of your freezer.
Sufficient air circulation is essential for the proper
operation of your freezer.
NOTE
The exterior walls of the refrigerator/freezer may
become quite warm as the compressor works to
transfer heat from the inside. Temperatures as much
as 30°F warmer than room temperatures can be
expected.
Figure 2-1. Installation Clearances
Leveling
The freezer must have all bottom corners resting firmly
on a solid floor. The floor must be strong enough to
support a fully loaded freezer.
It is VERY IMPORTANT for your freezer to be level in
order to function properly. If the freezer is not leveled
during installation, the door/lid may be misaligned and
not close or seal properly, causing cooling, frost or
moisture problems.
To Level Unit:
After discarding crating screws and wood base, use a
carpenter’s level to level the freezer from front to back.
Adjust the plastic leveling feet in front, ½ bubble higher,
so that the door closes easily when left half way open.
Figure 2-2. Leveling Unit
2-3
Section 2 Installation Information
Electrical Information
These guidelines must be followed to ensure that safety
mechanisms in the design of this freezer will operate
properly.
Refer to the serial plate for correct electrical rating. The
power cord of the freezer is equipped with at threeprong grounding plug for protection against shock
hazards. It must be plugged directly in to its own
properly grounded three-prong receptacle, protected
with a 15 amp time delay fuse or circuit breaker. The
receptacle must be installed in accordance with the local
codes and ordinances. Consult a qualified electrician.
Receptacles with Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI)
are NOT RECOMMENDED. DO NOT USE AN EXTENSION
CORD OR AN ADAPTER PLUG.
If the voltage varies by 10 percent or more, freezer
performance may be affected. Operating the freezer
with insufficient power can damage the motor. Such
damage is not covered under the warranty. If you
suspect your voltage is high or low, consult your power
company for testing.
To prevent the freezer from being turned off accidentally,
do not plug the unit in to an outlet controlled by a wall
switch or pull cord.
Do not pinch, knot, or bend the power cord in any
manner.
WARNING
Never unplug the freezer by pulling on the
power cord. Always grip the plug firmly and pull
straight out from the receptacle.
Turning the control to “OFF” turns off the compressor but does not disconnect power to other
electrical components.
2-4
WARNING
Avoid fire hazard or electric shock. Do not use
an extension cord or an adapter plug. Do not
remove any prong from the power cord.
Figure 2-3. Electrical Receptacle
Section 2 Installation Information
Door Removal
Hinge Cover
For some installations it may be necessary to remove the
door to fit through the entrance of the installation site.
Screws
To remove the door, follow the steps below.
1. Make sure electrical plug is disconnected from the
wall outlet.
2. Gently lay freezer on its back on a soft clean
surface.
3. Lift plastic cover off upper hinge assembly.
(See Figure 2-4)
4. Using a T27 tamper proof Torx bit, extract screws
securing the upper hinge to the unit frame.
5. Remove the grille/kickplate by extracting the screws
from each end of the grille/kickplate. Remove wire
from clips on bottom of cabinet. (See Figure 2-5)
6. Reach under bottom of cabinet and disconnect wire
leads of door connector from the cabinet connector.
7. Using a T27 tamper proof Torx bit, extract screws
securing the lower hinge to the unit frame. Use a
phillips head screwdriver to extract the remaining
screw from the lower hinge assembly.
8. Lift the door assembly off of the unit frame.
Hinge Plate
Figure 2-4. Top Hinge Removal
Figure 2-5. Bottom Hinge Removal
Door Handle Mounting Instructions
For some installations the door handle may need to be
removed. (See Figure 2-6)
Handle
Trim
Screw
To remove the door handle:
1. Remove screw cover plates by pushing in and
sliding the screw cover plate off of the door handle.
2. Using a phillips head screwdriver, extract the screws
securing the door handle to the door assembly.
3. Push upwards until the screw button assembly is free
of the dovetail inside the handle assembly.
Screw
Handle
Assembly
Dovetail Block
Screw
Figure 2-6. Handle Removal
2-5
Section 2 Installation Information
Notes
2-6
Section 3 Electronic Control
Electronic Temperature Control
The electronic temperature control is located on the
freezer door. Temperature is factory preset to provide
satisfactory food storage. When the freezer is first
plugged in, all LED’s will turn on and the control will
beep three times and the temperature setting of “4” will
be displayed. This setting will provide satisfactory food
storage temperatures.
Setting Selection
Alarm LEDS
Display
Adjustment
Keys
Adjust the temperature setting by pressing the up arrow
or the down arrow. Allow several hours for the
temperature to stabilize between adjustments.
“O-F-F” is displayed when the freezer is turned off. To
turn the freezer off, press the down arrow three times
after the “1” temperature setting is displayed. OFF will
turn off the compressor, the fan, the defrost system,
and any alarms, but the interior lights will continue to
function.
To turn the freezer on, press the up arrow three times to
get the “1” setting. Continue pressing the up arrow until
desired setting appears. When the freezer is unplugged,
the temperature setting will be retained.
Control Lock
To keep the temperature setting from being accidentally
changed, the control may be locked. This is done by
pressing Alarm Reset for three seconds. “L” will then
appear on the display for one second. “L” will also
appear for 1 second any time a key is pressed. To unlock
the control, press Alarm Reset for 3 seconds. For the
first second, “U” will appear, and then the current
temperature setting will appear.
Defrost Timing
After each 12 hours of accumulated compressor run
time, 30 minutes of defrost will begin. During these 30
minutes, the defrost heater will run until the termination
switch opens. After the thirty minutes, the compressor
will run.
Manual Defrost
To manually enter the defrost mode, turn the freezer off,
then press the down arrow an additional four times. A
“d” will flash on the display for the thirty minutes of the
defrost cycle. To exit the manual defrost before it is
complete, press the down arrow four times.
Alarm Reset
Key
Figure 4-1. EZ Set Control
When the defrost mode ends, the freezer will go back to
the previous temperature setting and the compressor run
time will be reset.
Showroom Mode
Showroom Mode allows a person to demonstrate the
freezer features without turning on the compressor and
fan or going through defrost. During Showroom Mode,
all buttons operate and after the temperature setting a
“.” will be displayed. The interior light will operate and
there will be no alarms in the Showroom Mode.
To enter the Showroom Mode, press the up arrow and
the down arrow at the same time while the freezer
power cord is disconnected then reconnected to the AC
power supply. An “S” will appear for three (3) seconds
on the display and then the temperature setting and
decimal point will appear. The Showroom Mode is
retained if the freezer is unplugged.
To exit the Showroom Mode, press the up arrow and the
down arrow at the same time while the freezer power
cord is disconnected then reconnected to the AC power
supply. When display illuminates on power-up, the
decimal point will not be visible.
3-1
Section 3 Electronic Control
Service Diagnostic Mode
Initiate Service Mode
To enter the Service Mode, lock the keyboard then press and hold the up arrow and the down arrow for three
seconds (until the display changes to “8”).
When the diagnostics mode is entered, the compressor is turned off and the digit “8” is displayed for three seconds.
After three seconds, the sequential information below will be displayed.
Type (Found on Serial Plate)
1. Blank for 0.5 seconds
2. Model ID for 1 second (See Table)
3. Blank for 0.5 seconds
4. Software Version and LED test for 3 seconds.
a. Hi Temp LED illuminates during display of 1st digit of
the version number for one second,
b. Door Ajar LED illuminates during display of 2nd digit of the version number for one second.
c. Both LED’s illuminate during display of 3rd digit of the version number for one second.
5. Blank for 0.5 seconds
6. Thermistor status (“0” for open, “C” for close or “-” for good thermistor) for three seconds.
7. 10 seconds for power check. During this time each key activates a specific load.
a. UP key activates the compressor and lowercase “c” is displayed.
b. DOWN key activates defrost heater and lowercase “d” is displayed
8. MUTE key activates the light and an “L” is displayed. 10 seconds after the last key press, the system
will exit the diagnostic mode, automatically assuming the default temperature setting. If required, the
compressor restarts after 13 minutes.
Error Modes
If the thermistor is open, the display will alternate between “E” and “9”.
If the thermistor is shorted, the display will alternate between “E” and “8”.
If a key is stuck for more than 30 seconds, the display will alternate between “E” and “7”.
Thermistor Resistance Chart
Temp °C
Temp °F
Min. Ohms
Tolerance
% +/-
0°
32°
32,654
33,604.72
31703.29
2.91
-15°
5°
72,940
75,283.21
70,596.79
3.21
-20°
-4°
97,060
100,283.44
93,836.56
3.32
-30°
-22°
177,000
183,293.70
170,706.30
3.55
-40°
-40°
336,000
349,139.51
322,860.49
3.91
3-2
Nominal Resistance Max. Ohms
Ohms
Section 3 Electronic Control
Alarms
Door Ajar Alarm
When the door is left open for five (5) minutes or more, the Door Ajar LED will light up and the control will beep
every five seconds. The alarm will be turned off when the door is closed or the Alarm Reset button is pressed. The
LED light will stay on until the door is closed. If the door is not shut after five (5) minutes, the alarm will sound
again. If after fifteen minutes the door is not shut, the interior light will turn off.
High Temperature Alarm
The High Temp LED will turn on and the control will beep every five (5) seconds if the temperature of the cabinet
remains above 23°F for more than one hour. The alarm will be turned off when the Alarm Reset button is pressed,
but the High Temp LED will remain lit until the temperature is again below 23ºF.
Instructions for Programming EZ Set Controls :
Programming is determined by Model size.
Your Model size is shown on the serial plate inside the freezer as “Type 14F, 17F, 21F”.
After plugging in the unit, wait for the display to flash the type Number “1”.
1. For type U17F models, use this “1” and press the alarm reset key to lock it in.
2. For type U21F models, press the down key to display “0”, then press the alarm reset key to lock it in.
3. For type U14F models, press the up key to display “2”, then press the alarm reset key to lock it in.
To change the type programming procedure:
1. With unit unplugged, press and hold the up, down, and alarm reset keys while plugging in the unit.
2. The display will flash “1”.
3. Release the keys and follow the programming instructions listed above.
3-3
Section 3 Electronic Control
Precision Set Control
Adjustment
Keys
Display
Power-up Condition
Connect unit to household power supply. The power
up tone will sound and the two 7 segment display digits
illuminate for 2 seconds. The actual cabinet temperature
will be displayed if it is above the current temperature
setting. The control will display a High-Temp LED if
above 23°F, but the High-Temp alarm will not sound.
After the set temperature falls below 23°F for the first
time, the High-Temp LED turns off and the High-Temp
duration function is enabled.
Initial Power On Reset defaults are:
1. Temperature units are in Fahrenheit.
2. Temperature setting is 0°F (-18°C).
3. Extreme or Quick Freeze (depending on model type)
is Off.
4. Control Lock is Off.
Alarm LEDS
Figure 4-2. Precision Set Control
Setting Selection
Control Lock
The user may select any temperature setting from
-10°F to 10°F (-23°C to -12°C) by pressing the Up or
Down buttons. Press the Down button to lower the
temperature inside the freezer. The display number will
decrease with each press until “-10°F” (or -23°C) is
reached. Press the Up button to increase the
temperature inside the freezer. The display number will
then increase with each Up press until the display reads
“10°F” (or -12°C).
Press and hold the Control Lock key for three seconds
to activate or deactivate the function. The Control Lock
feature prevents the user from changing the temperature
and freeze settings. At the first press of any key, the
key press click tone will be heard and the display will
show “LO”, but no other change will take place. Holding
the Control Lock key for three seconds will activate or
deactivate the Control Lock feature. After three seconds,
the accept tone sounds and the Control Lock LED (if so
equipped) is activated. In lockout mode, when any key
is pressed, the invalid key tone will be heard and “LO”
will be displayed for 1 second. When the lockout is
deactivated, the Control Lock LED is turned off and the
display shows “UL”.
Once “10°F” (or -12°C) is displayed, press the Up
button three times within three seconds to change the
temperature from “10°F” (or -12°C) setting to the “Off”
setting. Once the freezer is turned Off and the display
shows “OF” the user must press the Down button three
times within three seconds to turn the freezer back On.
The freezer will then display “10”, the highest
temperature setting available. In the “OFF” position, the
compressor, defrost heater, and alarms are disabled.
WARNING
Turning the freezer control to off does not
remove power from the unit.
To ensure complete removal of power, unplug
the power cord from the wall outlet.
3-4
Display and Temperature Scale (F°/C°)
Pressing the Temp Display key will toggle the
temperature display on or off. Alarm LED’s and key
press functions will display for 0.5 seconds if the
temperature display is off. Holding the Temp Display key
will change the displayed temperature from Fahrenheit
(default) to Celsius. Hold Temp Display key again to
change back to previous temperature scale.
Section 3 Electronic Control
Door Alarm
Showroom Mode
Whenever the door is left open, the red Door Ajar LED
will illuminate. If the door is left open for longer than 5
minutes, the audible alarm sounds. The display will not
change. Close the door or press the Alarm Reset key to
turn the audible alarm off. The Door Ajar LED remains
on until the door is closed. When the door is closed, the
Door Ajar alarm time period is reset.
Showroom mode allows a sales person to demonstrate
the freezer features without turning the compressor on
or going through defrost cycles. All keys will operate
normally during showroom mode. The display will
indicate the “Set Temperature” not the “Thermistor
Temperature”. The cabinet light will operate as
otherwise specified during showroom mode but the
compressor and defrost heater will remain Off. No visual
or audible alarms will occur during showroom mode.
Extreme or Quick Freeze
To initiate Showroom Mode, press and hold the Up and
Down keys simultaneously and apply AC power. The
display will show “E5” (Enter Showroom) for 3 seconds.
If power is removed and restored, the display will again
show “E5” to indicate it remains in Showroom Mode. To
cancel showroom mode, repeat the initiate procedure.
Pressing Extreme Freeze or Quick Freeze key turns the
compressor on for 72 hours. The Extreme Freeze LED
(if so equipped) is illuminated when this function is
engaged and the acceptance tone sounds. The display
will show “-F-”. The Extreme Freeze key toggles the
state On or Off. The user is allowed to change the set
temperature while in Extreme Freeze mode. The new
set temperature will be used when the Extreme Freeze
cycle is complete.
Defrost will function normally during Extreme Freeze. If
Extreme Freeze is activated during defrost, the LED and
the display will reflect the mode, but the compressor will
not come on until after the defrost cycle is completed.
Extreme Freeze will not engage if the temperature
setting is “OFF”. The freezer will return to the previous
temperature setting after the 72 hours.
High Temperature Alarm
The High Temperature audible alarm and LED are
disabled for 1 hour after entering a defrost cycle.
The audible alarm is also disabled until the cabinet
temperature falls below 23°F for the first time, then the
audible alarm is enabled. If the cabinet temperature
rises above 23°F for more than 1 hour, the audible alarm
sounds.
If the temperature of the cabinet exceeds 23°F, the High
Temp LED will turn on, and the display will show the
actual measured temperature inside the unit.
3-5
Section 3 Electronic Control
Service Diagnostic Mode
To enter service diagnostics mode, place the control in
the lock mode by pressing and holding Control Lock key
for 5 seconds. Then press and hold the Up and Down
keys simultaneously for 5 seconds. When diagnostics
mode is entered, the following information will be
displayed for two seconds at a time. The system will
then wait for load testing for 10 seconds, exit diagnostic
mode automatically, and assume the default temperature
setting. If load testing is performed, a 10 second wait
cycle is re-established after each key press.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Three short confirmation beeps are issued.
Left digit displays “8”.
Left digit blanks and second digit displays “8”.
The following LEDs are illuminated: (-), (ºC), (ºF),
(HRS), (Door Ajar), (Power Loss). Blanked after 2
seconds.
The following LEDs are illuminated: (Hi Temp),
(Duration), (Quick or Extreme Freeze), (Control Lock)
Blanked after 2 seconds.
Door Switch Status with tone (“dO” or “dC”)
Displays “ld” (model ID) with tone.
Displays Model ID.
Type (Found on Serial Plate)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Displays “5F”, (Software Version) with tone.
Displays “00”
Displays Software Version #
Thermistor Status with tone (“tO” for open, “tC” for
closed or “--” for good thermistor).
Tone and enters Load Test mode for 10 seconds.
Press Down key. Displays “HE” and turns on heater.
Press Up key. Displays “CP” and turns on
compressor.
Press Temp Display key. Displays “LA” and
illuminates cabinet lamp.
Thermistor Error Mode: Alternating Flashing
Display of E8/Temp or E9/Temp
Upon entering the Thermistor Error mode and an
open thermistor condition is present, the display will
alternately display an “E9” for 0.5 seconds and “-10°F”
for 0.5 seconds (-23°C if in Celsius mode). If a
shorted thermistor condition is present, the display will
alternately display an “E8” for 0.5 seconds and “-10°F”
for 0.5 seconds (-23°C if in Celsius mode).
3-6
Fail Safe Error Mode: Alternating Flashing Display
of E7/Temp
If Fail Safe Mode is initiated due to a stuck key, the
freezer will run at -10°F (-23°C) continuously with a 30
minute defrost time every 12 hours of compressor run
time. Audible alarms will be limited to one minute and
will cancel automatically. In case of a thermistor error,
Thermistor Error Mode will be initiated instead of Fail
Safe mode. Thermistor Error Mode takes precedence
over Fail Safe mode.
Power Loss Recovery Alarms
When power lost and then restored, the microcontroller
performs two checks:
1. Checks the temperature.
2. Checks for power loss duration greater than 1 hour.
If the cabinet temperature is less than 10 degrees higher
than the set point temperature, no alarm occurs.
If the cabinet temperature is greater than or equal to
10°F above the set temperature, the Power Loss LED will
light, and an audible alarm will sound.
If the cabinet temperature is above 23°F and the
measured duration of power loss is less than 1 hour, the
Hi-Temp LED will turn on, the Power Loss LED will turn
on and an audible alarm will sound.
If the cabinet temperature is above 23°F and the
measured duration of power loss is greater than 1 hour
and less than 36 hours, the Power Loss LED will be on
and the display will alternate between condition #1 and
condition #2 below.
1. The cabinet temperature measured at the time
power was restored will be displayed The Hi-Temp
LED will be on, the alarm will sound and the display
will show the measured temperature.
2. The power loss duration will be displayed. The
Hi-Temp LED, Duration LED and HRS LED will be
on and the display will show measured hours. A
maximum of 36 hours will be displayed.
The high-temp duration condition can be cleared by
pressing the Alarm Reset key.
Section 4 Refrigeration
NOTE
Instructions given here are furnished as a guide.
Persons attempting to use these instructions to make
repairs to the sealed refrigeration system should have
a working knowledge of refrigeration and previous
training on sealed system repair, and an EPA
certification for servicing refrigeration systems.
IMPORTANT
Effective July 1, 1992, the United States clean air act
governs the disposal of refrigerants such as R-134a.
Therefore, when discharging or purging the sealed
system use an EPA approved refrigerant recovery
system as outlined in the final rule on the protection
of stratospheric ozone and refrigerant recycling, which
was published in the Federal Register May 14, 1993.
NOTE
Electrolux Home Products Inc. does not permit the use
of recovered refrigerant in the servicing of our
products for in-warranty and out-of-warranty repairs or
for products covered by service contracts. Therefore,
only new refrigerant or refrigerant that has been
reclaimed back to new specifications by a refrigerant
manufacturer is to be used.
Definitions
Recovery:
To remove refrigerant in any condition from a system
and store it in an external container without necessarily
testing or processing it in any way.
Recycling:
To clean refrigerant for reuse by oil separation and
single or multiple passes through devices, such as
replaceable core filter-driers, which reduce moisture,
acidity and particulate matter. This term usually applies
to procedures implemented at the field job site or at a
local service shop.
Safety Warnings
Compressor Testing
Whenever testing a compressor, extreme caution
should be used to prevent damaging the terminals. A
compressor with a damaged terminal or a grounded
winding can expel a terminal from its insulated housing
when the compressor is energized. If this happens, a
mixture of refrigerant and oil will be released that could
be ignited by an external heat source (open flame,
heater, etc.). Also, if there is air in the system when this
happens, a spark at the compressor shell could ignite the
refrigerant and oil mixture.
Charging Sealed Systems
Overcharging a refrigeration system with refrigerant can
be dangerous. If the overcharge is sufficient to immerse
the major parts of the motor and compressor in liquid
refrigerant, a situation has been created which, when
followed by a sequence of circumstances can lead to the
compressor shell seam separating.
A hydraulic block occurs, preventing the compressor from
starting. This condition is known as locked rotor. Electric
current continues to flow through the
compressor motor windings which become, in effect,
electric resistance heaters. The heat produced begins
to vaporize the excess refrigerant liquid causing a rapid
increase in system pressure. If the compressor
protective devices fail, the pressure within the system
may rise to extremes far in excess of the design limits.
Under these conditions, the weld seam around the
compressor shell can separate with explosive force,
spewing oil and refrigerant vapor which could ignite.
To eliminate this exceedingly rare but potential hazard,
never add refrigerant to a sealed system. If refrigerant is
required, evacuate the existing charge and recharge with
the correct measured amount of the refrigerant specified
for the system.
Reclaim:
To reprocess refrigerant to new product specifications by
means which may include distillation, will require
chemical analysis of the refrigerant to determine that
appropriate product specifications are met. This term
usually implies the use of processes or procedures
available only at a reprocessing or manufacturing facility.
4-1
Section 4 Refrigeration
WARNING
Wear approved safety glasses when working
with or on any pressurized system or equipment.
Have an approved dry type fire extinguisher
handy when using any type of gas operated
torch.
1. All joints to be soldered must have proper fit.
Clearance between tubes to be soldered should be
from .001” to .006”. It is not practical to actually
measure this; however, you do not want a dry fit or
loose fit. Tubing joints should overlap about the
distance of their diameter except for restrictor tubes,
which should be inserted 1.25”.
2. Clean all joint areas with fine steel wool or
preferably an abrasive cloth, such as grit cloth
No. 23 or Scotch-Brite.
3. Apply a thin film of liquid flux recommended for
silver soldering to surfaces to be joined and to
surfaces immediately adjacent to joint.
CAUTION
During application of heat, use wet cloths to
prevent heat from conducting to areas other
than the soldered joint. Use a sheet of metal
or torch guard pad as a heat deflector to keep
flame away from inflammable materials and
painted surfaces.
4. Align tubing so no stress is on joint. Do not move
tubing while solder is solidifying or leaks will result.
5. Use a torch of adequate capacity so joint can be
quickly heated with a minimum of heat travel to
other points. Use a good grade of silver solder.
6. Solder connections. If tubing is properly cleaned
and fluxed, solder will flow readily. Use only enough
solder to make a good bond.
7. Allow joint to cool, then wash exterior with water to
remove flux.
4-2
Basic Components
The basic components of a refrigerator are a
compressor, condenser, evaporator, heat exchanger
(capillary tube and suction line) and drier.
Refrigerant Cycle
The refrigerant cycle is a continuous cycle that occurs
whenever the compressor is in operation. Liquid
refrigerant is evaporated in the evaporator by the heat
that enters the cabinet through the insulated walls and
by the heat from product load and door openings. The
refrigerant vapor is then drawn from the evaporator,
through the suction line to the compressor. Compression
raises the pressure and temperature of the vapor in the
compressor and the vapor is then forced through the
discharge valve into the discharge line and into the
condenser. Air passing over the condenser surface
removes heat from the high pressure vapor which then
condenses to a liquid. The liquid refrigerant then flows
from the condenser to the evaporator through the small
diameter liquid line (capillary tube). Before it enters
the evaporator, the liquid refrigerant is sub-cooled in the
heat exchanger by the low temperature suction vapor
in the suction line. When refrigerant is added, the frost
pattern will improve, the suction and discharge
pressures will rise, the condenser will become hot and
the wattage will increase.
Section 4 Refrigeration
Low/High Side Leak or Undercharge
A loss of refrigerant can result in any of the
following:
1. Excessive or continuous compressor operation.
2. Above normal freezer compartment temperature.
3. A partially frosted evaporator (depending on amount
of refrigerant loss).
4. Below normal freezer compartment temperature.
5. Low suction pressure (vacuum).
6. Low wattage.
The condenser will be “warm to cool”, depending on the
amount of refrigerant lost.
In the case of a low side refrigerant leak resulting in
complete loss of refrigerant, the compressor will run but
will not refrigerate. Suction pressure will drop below
atmospheric pressure and air and moisture will be drawn
into the system saturating the filter drier.
If there is reason to believe the system has operated for
a considerable length of time with no refrigerant and the
leak occurred in the low side of the system, excessive
amounts of moisture may have entered the system.
In such cases the two stage service Dryer Filter part
number 5303918288 and vacuum procedure listed under
Refrigerant Leaks need to be followed to prevent
repetitive service.
If a slight undercharge of refrigerant is indicated and no
leak can be found after a thorough leak test, the charge
can be corrected without changing the compressor.
If a high side leak is located and some refrigerant
remains in the system it is not necessary to change the
compressor.
Testing for Refrigerant Leaks
NOTE
The line piercing valve (clamp-on type) should be
used for test purposes only. It must be removed from
system after it has served its purpose.
If the system is diagnosed as short of refrigerant and the
system has not been recently opened, there is
probably a leak in the system. Adding refrigerant
without first locating and repairing the leak or replacing
the component will not permanently correct the difficulty.
The leak must be found. Sufficient refrigerant may have
escaped to make it impossible to leak test effectively.
In such cases, add a ¼” line piercing valve to the
compressor process tube. Add sufficient refrigerant
vapor to increase the pressure to 40 to 50 lb. per sq.
in. Check the low side for leaks. Run the compressor 2
or 3 minutes and check the high side for leaks. Recover
refrigerant using an EPA approved recovery system.
Compressor Replacement
To check for contamination, obtain oil sample from old
compressor.
1. If the oil has burned odor, but no color change or
residue — follow instructions on page 4-5 “Installing
A New Compressor”.
2. If oil has a burned odor and a sugar or gritty feel as
well as showing signs of contamination (dark color),
follow instructions in next section, To Flush The
System. Remove as much of contamination as
possible from system before installing new
compressor and filter-drier.
CAUTION
NEVER install a new compressor without first
checking for possible system contamination.
NOTE
It is recommended that system be flushed with dry
Nitrogen. However, if refrigerant is used to flush the
system you must look at the serial plate to see what
type of refrigerant is used in the system. This is the
only refrigerant that can be used to flush the system
and it must be recovered.
4-3
Section 4 Refrigeration
To Flush The System
CAUTION
Use extreme care when using Dry Nitrogen to
flush systems. Pressure in nitrogen cylinder
could be as high as 2000 psi. Nitrogen cylinder
must be equipped with approved pressure
regulator and pressure relief valve. Ensure that
your hoses have adequate ratings for pressure
involved and that all of your equipment is in
good condition. The end of the flushing hose
on this tank regulator must be equipped with
a hand shut-off valve (Robinair No. 40380).
Close hand shut-off valve and adjust nitrogen
regulator to correct pressure before proceeding
with flushing procedure.
To Use Dry Nitrogen To Flush The System:
1. Remove compressor and filter-drier. Connect process
coupling to outlet tube of condenser.
2. Fasten cloth over other end of coil to prevent old oil
from spraying over room.
3. Connect hand shut-off valve on flushing hose to
process coupling.
4. Slowly open hand shut-off valve and allow nitrogen
to flow through condenser until discharge is clear.
CAUTION
DO NOT exceed 300 Psi.
5. Disconnect cap tube from evaporator. Flush
evaporator in same manner as condenser.
CAUTION
DO NOT exceed 150 Psi.
6. Flush cap tube. This is only possible if you have
proper service valve adapter.
CAUTION
DO NOT exceed 300 Psi.
7. Reassemble system.
4-4
To Use Refrigerant To Flush The System:
CAUTION
Refrigerant used for flushing must be recovered
into a recovery system. Meter amount of
refrigerant used for flushing with your charging
cylinder. DO NOT OVERFILL THE BAG.
1. Disconnect the suction and discharge lines from the
compressor and remove the filter-drier. Connect
process coupling to outlet and inlet tube of
condenser.
2. Connect hose to outlet process coupling and
charging cylinder. Connect another hose to inlet
coupling and recovery system.
3. Open charging cylinder and allow refrigerant to flow
through condenser until discharge into bag is clear.
NOTE
The line piercing valve (clamp-on type) should be
used for test purposes only. It must be removed from
system after it has served its purpose.
4. Disconnect capillary tube from evaporator. Flush
evaporator in same manner as condenser.
5. Flush cap tube. This is only possible if you have
proper service valve adapter.
6. Reassemble system.
Section 4 Refrigeration
Installing a New Compressor
NOTE
Entirely new compressors have been developed or use
with R-134a and Ester oil refrigeration systems. Both
compressor and electric motor have been modified.
Old compressors intended for R-12 refrigerant must not
be used for new systems charged with R-134a.
Replacement of compressor and installation of filter-drier
must be done in a continuous sequence so system is
exposed to atmosphere no longer than necessary.
All replacement compressors are shipped with
rubber plugs in the suction, discharge and process tubes
and contain the correct oil charge and a holding charge
of inert gas. Compressors have a low-side process tube
attached to the compressor shell. A high-side process
tube is attached to the filter-drier.
WARNING
Do not operate reciprocating compressor when
charging liquid refrigerant into system through
its process tube.
Replacement compressors for refrigerators may have an
oil cooler even if the original compressor did not. If the
product is not equipped for an oil cooler, leave the
plastic caps in place and install the compressor
connecting only to the suction and discharge lines of the
new compressor.
Before installing the replacement compressor remove the
discharge plug and check for the pop sound of the inert
gas leaving the compressor.
CAUTION
DO NOT use compressor if you do not hear this
sound.
If the compressor checks OK, reinstall the plug. Do not
remove any of the plugs again until the compressor is in
position and you are ready to braze the lines.
CAUTION
On R-134a systems, compressor must NOT
be left open to atmosphere for more than 10
minutes to prevent moisture contamination of
oil.
NOTE
The following instructions are generalized to help the
technician understand the procedures of sealed
system repairs. See Section 5 Component Teardown
on the exact steps of accessing the components of the
refrigeration system.
A new compressor which is cold (e.g. after having been
kept in a cold service van) should be left to warm to the
surrounding temperature before the plugs on the
compressor connections are removed. This will help
prevent condensation from forming in the oil and the
compressor. Also, avoid opening the system when any
of the components or lines are cold.
NOTE
Release holding charge (release slowly to avoid oil
discharge) on new compressor to ensure there is no
leak in seam or tubing. Reinstall rubber plug.
1. Disconnect electrical supply to refrigerator.
2. Remove compressor access panel.
3. Remove all components needed to pull the
compressor assembly from the unit.
4. Pull compressor assembly straight out.
5. Recover refrigerant by using EPA approved
recovery system.
NOTE
If low-side process tube is too short, silver solder four
inch piece of tubing onto process tube at this time.
6. Remove leads from compressor motor terminals.
7. Remove mounting clips and washers.
8. After refrigerant is completely recovered, cut
suction and discharge lines as close to compressor
as possible. Leave only enough tubing to pinch off
and seal defective compressor. Plug or tape any
open system tubing to avoid entrance of moisture
and air into system. Remove inoperable
compressor and transfer mounting parts to new
compressor.
9. Install new compressor in exact same manner as
original compressor.
4-5
Section 4 Refrigeration
10. Reform both suction and discharge lines to align
with new compressor. If they are too short, use
additional lengths of tubing. Joints should overlap
0.5” to provide sufficient area for good solder joint.
Clean and mark area where tubing should be cut.
Cut tubing with tubing cutter. Work as quickly as
possible to avoid letting moisture and air into the
system.
11. Solder all connections according to soldering
procedure.
12. Remove original filter-drier.
CAUTION
DO NOT unbraze old filter-drier from system.
This will vaporize and drive moisture from
desiccant back into system. The old filter-drier
should be cut out of system.
13. Install new filter-drier at condenser outlet.
14. Evacuate and charge system using recommended
procedure described under Evacuating and
Recharging.
15. Reconnect compressor terminal leads in
accordance with refrigerator wiring diagram.
16. Reassemble unit.
Condenser Replacement
NOTE
The following instructions are generalized to help the
technician understand the procedures of sealed
system repairs. See Section 5 Component Teardown
on the exact steps of accessing the components of the
refrigeration system.
1. Disconnect electrical supply to refrigerator.
2. Remove compressor access panel.
3. Recover refrigerant by using EPA approved
recovery system.
4. Remove condenser fan mounting screws.
5. Unplug fan motor harness located in back of fan
motor.
6. Remove fan motor and fan blade.
7. After refrigerant is completely recovered,
disconnect inlet and discharge lines from
condenser.
8. Lift front of condenser and pull out of retainers
mounted to the drain pan.
9. Remove old condenser out the back of cabinet.
10. Install replacement condenser.
11. Remove original filter-drier.
CAUTION
DO NOT unbraze old filter-drier from system.
This will vaporize and drive moisture from
desiccant back into system. The old filter-drier
should be cut out of system.
12. Install new filter-drier at condenser outlet.
13. Evacuate and charge the system using
recommended procedure described under Evacuating
and Recharging.
14. Reassemble unit.
4-6
Section 4 Refrigeration
Filter-Drier Installation
Any time the sealed system is opened and the
refrigerant charge is removed, the liquid line filter-drier
must be replaced and the system thoroughly evacuated
before replacing refrigerant.
CAUTION
DO NOT unbraze old filter-drier from system.
This will vaporize and drive moisture from
desiccant back into system. The old filter-drier
should be cut out of system.
NOTE
The following instructions are generalized to help the
technician understand the procedures of sealed
system repairs. See Section 5 Component Teardown
on the exact steps of accessing the components of the
refrigeration system.
1. Disconnect electrical supply to freezer.
2. Recover refrigerant by using EPA approved
recovery system.
3. Using a 3 cornered file, score a groove around
capillary tube as close to old filter-drier as possible.
Break capillary tube along score mark from
filter-drier.
4. Cut condenser outlet tube at filter-drier. Discard
filter-drier.
5. Thoroughly clean condenser outlet tube and
capillary tube.
6. Place inlet connection of filter-drier over condenser
tube approximately ¼” and solder.
7. Insert capillary tube input end into filter-drier outlet.
Do not allow tube to bottom against screen. Solder
carefully so that solder does not plug capillary tube.
8. Install process tube adapter to filter-drier.
9. Evacuate and charge system using the
recommended procedure described under Evacuating
and Recharging.
10. Reassemble unit.
Evaporator and Suction Line Replacement
NOTE
The following instructions are generalized to help the
technician understand the procedures of sealed
system repairs. See Section 5 Component Teardown
on the exact steps of accessing the components of the
refrigeration system.
1. Disconnect electrical supply to refrigerator.
2. Recover refrigerant by using EPA approved
recovery system.
3. Remove shelving.
4. Remove evaporator cover.
5. Remove evaporator from its installation position.
6. Cut or remove suction line from compressor.
7. Cut filter-drier from condensing unit.
CAUTION
DO NOT unbraze old filter-drier from system.
This will vaporize and drive moisture from
desiccant back into system. The old filter-drier
should be cut out of system.
8. Remove sealant from cabinet where suction line
enters.
9. Remove evaporator and suction line as one piece.
10. Install new evaporator with attached suction line.
11. Seal cabinet.
12. Install new filter drier at condenser outlet.
13. Evacuate and charge system using the
recommended procedure described under Evacuating
and Recharging.
4-7
Section 4 Refrigeration
CAUTION
Check the serial plate for the correct refrigerant
type. It is extremely important to verify the
type of refrigerant in the system before starting
any sealed system repairs.
With the possible exception of the vacuum
pump, all service equipment that comes in
contact with R-134a during evacuation and
recharging must be dedicated. Accordingly,
R-134a will require a dedicated charging
cylinder, manifold gauge set, process tube
adapters, and hoses. Any residual mineral oil
on other tools (tubing cutter, etc.) must be
thoroughly cleaned off before using on R-134a/
Ester oil systems. It will be necessary to check
with the manufacturer of your vacuum pump for
refrigerant and oil compatibility issues.
If you use a vacuum pump with mineral oil to
evacuate an R-134a system, it is ABSOLUTELY
ESSENTIAL to have a shut-off valve between the
pump and your manifold gauge set as shown
on page 4-10. The hand valve must be closed
during all times when the vacuum pump is
not operating. This will prevent the migration
of mineral oil vapor into the R134a/Ester oil
system. If the vacuum pump should stop during
evacuation for any reason, the hand pump shutoff valve must be closed immediately.
Insure that your refrigeration hoses are specified
for use with R-134a refrigerant. Research has
shown that compounds in standard refrigeration
hoses may enter sealed systems and ultimately
restrict the cap tube in an R-134a system.
4-8
Equipment Needed for Evacuation &
Recharging:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Heated charging cylinder
Standard 3-port manifold gauge set:
- 4 charging hoses
- Tee fitting with valve core stem removed
(Robinair No. 40396)
- Hand shut-off valve (Robinair No.40380)
Two stage vacuum pump
Process tube adapter kit (Robinair No.12458)
Tubing cutter
Pinch-off tool capable of making leak proof seal
Complete brazing torch set
Small 3-corner file
Grit cloth or Scotch-Brite
45% silver solder and flux
Heat Gun
Installing Evacuation and Recharging
Equipment
1. Disconnect freezer from electrical supply.
2. If compressor was replaced, install correct sized
process tube adapter on process tube.
If compressor was not replaced, cut process tube
with tubing cutter leaving as much tube as possible
and install correct size process tube adapter.
3. Install correct sized process tube adapter on
high-side process tube.
4. Attach refrigeration service gauge manifold to
system in following order:
• Low-side (compound gauge) hose to suction
side process tube adapter.
• High-side (pressure gauge) hose to high-side
process tube adapter.
• Center port manifold hose before hand shut-off
valve to charging cylinder.
• Center port manifold hose after hand shut-off
valve to vacuum pump.
Section 4 Refrigeration
WARNING
R-134a systems are particularly susceptible to
moisture contamination which can only be
prevented by evacuating the System for a
minimum of 30 minutes to attain a minimum
29.9 inch (500 micron or lower) vacuum.
Evacuating System
To achieve the required levels of evacuation, a properly
maintained two stage vacuum pump in good condition is
required. It is absolutely essential to maintain your
vacuum pump according to the manufacturer’s
instructions including required oil changes at the
recommended intervals. Vacuum pump oil should always
be changed after evacuating a contaminated system.
Vacuum pump performance should be checked
periodically with a micron gauge.
1. Make certain that charging cylinder valve, hand
shut-off valve, and manifold gauge valves are closed.
2. Start vacuum pump.
3. Open hand shut-off valve and slowly open both
manifold valves, turning counterclockwise, for two
full rotations.
CAUTION
If high vacuum equipment is used, just crack
both manifold valves for a few minutes and
then open slowly for the two full turns
counterclockwise. This will prevent the
compressor oil from foaming and being drawn
into the vacuum pump.
4. Operate vacuum pump for a minimum of 30
minutes to a minimum of 29.9” (500 micron)
vacuum.
5. Close hand shut-off valve to vacuum pump. Watch
compound gauge for several minutes. If reading
rises, there is a leak in the system, go to step 6. If
no leak is indicated, stop vacuum pump. System is
now ready for charging.
6. If a leak is indicated, stop vacuum pump and
introduce a small charge of refrigerant into system
by cracking valve on bottom of charging cylinder
until system is pressurized to 40 or 50 lbs psi.
7.
Leak test low-side. Close compound gauge. Run
compressor for a few minutes and leak test
high-side. When leak is found, recapture refrigerant
using EPA approved recovery system. Repair and go
back to step 1.
Charging The System
CAUTION
Check the serial plate for the correct refrigerant
type. It is extremely important to verify the
type of refrigerant in the system before starting
any sealed system repairs. After charging the
system with liquid be certain to wait at least 5
minutes before starting the compressor to give
the refrigerant a chance to disperse throughout
the system. Otherwise the compressor could
be damaged by attempting to pump excessive
quantities of liquid.
Preparing The Charging Cylinder:
1. Make certain that hand shut-off valve to vacuum
pump is closed.
2. Close high-side manifold gauge valve.
3. Set charging cylinder scale to pressure indicated on
cylinder pressure gauge.
4. Observe refrigerant level in sight glass. Subtract
amount to be charged into system and note shut off
point.
5. Open charging cylinder valve slowly and allow
proper charge to enter system.
6. As soon as refrigerant in sight glass has gone down
to predetermined level, close charging cylinder valve.
WARNING
Disconnect the charging cylinder heater at this
time to prevent the cylinder pressure from
exceeding its maximum limits.
7. Allow system to sit for five minutes.
8. Turn on refrigerator compressor. Run compressor for
a few minutes and monitor system pressures.
9. When satisfied that the unit is operating correctly,
clamp the high-side process tube with the pinch-off
tool while the unit is still running.
4-9
Section 4 Refrigeration
10. Slowly open the high-side manifold gauge valve
to allow the compressor to remove any refrigerant
trapped in the high-side hose and the process
fitting.
11. Close both of the manifold gauge valves. If the
high-side gauge reading rises, the pinch-off must be
corrected before proceeding.
12. Remove the high-side process tube adapter and
solder the process tube closed.
13. Clamp the low-side process tube with the pinch-off
tool while the unit is running. Remove the low-side
process tube adapter and solder the process tube
closed.
14. Check the process tubes for refrigerant leaks.
4-10
Final Leak Test
1. With the refrigerator turned OFF leak test all
low-side system components.
2. Turn the unit ON and run until the condenser is
warm. Leak test the high-side system components.
Section 4 Refrigeration
Verify Refrigerant Type In The System
CAUTION
R-134a and R-12 are completely incompatible.
Before starting any sealed system repair, it is
extremely important to check serial plate of
product to verify the type of refrigerant in the
system.
Dedicated Equipment
R-134a must not be mixed with other types of
refrigerants. R-134a must be recovered in dedicated
and properly identified recovery bags and tanks.
It will be necessary to check with the manufacturer of
your recovery equipment to determine R-134a
compatibility. Some recovery equipment manufacturers
have changeover instructions for switching between
refrigerant types. Protect yourself and your equipment
by following all manufacturer guidelines.
Also, ensure that your refrigeration hoses are specified
for use with R-134a refrigerant. Research has shown
that compounds in standard refrigeration hoses may
enter sealed systems and ultimately restrict the cap tube
in an R-134a system.
R-134a Refrigeration Systems
The sealed refrigeration system will consist of the same
basic components being utilized in the R-12 systems.
There is a 10% to 15% discharge pressure increase
using R-134a, with a 5% to 10% decrease in suction
pressure when compared to the same product with an
R-12 system operating at 90°F (32°C) ambient
temperature conditions. Lower suction pressures result
from the lower density of R-134a refrigerant which
effects refrigerant flow rate. R-134a systems commonly
operate in a 1”-2” vacuum on the suction side.
Products using R-134a refrigerant will generally have a
longer capillary tube to maintain a similar flow rate and
some models will have a larger condenser to reduce the
discharge pressures and lower start-up sound
transmission.
Miscibility of R-134a and Ester Oil
A special synthetic oil known as Ester oil is used as a
lubricant in refrigeration systems operating on R-134a.
Ester oils are produced from alcohols and fatty acids and
are available in several different variants. Ester oils have
a pleasant aroma reminiscent of fruit.
Ester oils generally include various types of additives for
improving certain properties such as viscosity,
temperature sensitivity, etc. These additives are often
aggressive, and skin contact with Ester oils should
therefore be avoided.
One of the most important requirements made on a
refrigerant system is that the oil mix with the refrigerant.
Since mineral oil and ordinary synthetic oil DO NOT mix
with R-134a, Ester oil is used for lubrication. Ester oil
dissolves in R-134a.
Ester oil is broken down by chlorine and cannot be
used with R-12 (R-12 contains chlorine) or any other
compound containing chlorine. Therefore, R-134a
refrigeration systems have virtually no tolerance for
chlorine molecules from CFC refrigerants (R-134a is an
HFC and contains no chlorine).
CAUTION
During R-134a service, it is extremely important
to avoid using equipment that may contain
residual amounts of mineral oil, CFC’s or HCFC’s
which could enter and contaminate the sealed
system.
4-11
Section 4 Refrigeration
For example, hoses that were used for a refrigeration
system operating on R-12 may contain small quantities
of mineral oil which can block the capillary tube in a
system operating on R-134a. As little as one milligram
may be sufficient to cause a blockage. In addition,
sealed system components that have been used with
CFC systems must not be used with R-134a systems.
These components may contain residual amounts of
refrigerant and oil which could damage an R-134a
system.
At the earliest stage of development work on R-134a,
tests were carried out on a different type of synthetic
oil known as Poly-Alkaline Glycol (PAG). This oil is also
used in certain air conditioning systems for cars.
PAG and Ester oil DO NOT mix with one another. Service
equipment used for R-134a / Ester oil must not come
into contact with PAG.
Water In The Refrigeration System
Even in very small quantities, water in any refrigeration
system can cause the following problems:
•
•
•
•
Ice plugs in capillary tubes.
Copper plating in compressor.
Reactions with organic materials in systems.
Corrosion of metals.
R-134a and Ester oil will aggravate the problem of water
in the refrigeration system. Ester oil may react with
water vapor and is hygroscopic (it will absorb water if it
comes in contact with humid air). Water is also more
soluble in R-134a than R-12.
To minimize the water content whenever service work
is performed, the refrigeration system should always be
thoroughly evacuated through process tube adapters on
both the high and low sides of the system. Evacuation
must be for a minimum of 30 minutes to at least a 29.9
inch (500 micron) vacuum.
4-12
To achieve the required 29.9 inch (500 micron) vacuum,
a properly maintained two-stage vacuum pump in good
condition is required. A two stage pump can reach a
deeper vacuum than a single stage because the exhaust
from the first pumping stage is discharged into the
second pumping stage. This means the second stage
begins pumping at a lower pressure so a lower ultimate
vacuum can be achieved.
Section 4 Refrigeration
Vacuum Pump Maintenance
Refrigerant Leaks
It is absolutely essential to maintain your vacuum pump
according to the manufacturer’s instructions including
required oil changes at the recommended intervals.
Vacuum pump oil should always be changed after
evacuating a contaminated system. Vacuum pump
performance should be checked periodically with a
micron gauge.
A system with R-134a and Ester oil will become
saturated with moisture much faster than a system with
R-12 and mineral oil. If your leak was in the low side of
the refrigeration system when the compressor is
running the pressure in the low side will go into a
vacuum. As additional refrigerant leaks out the system
will go deeper into a vacuum. The system running in
this vacuum will allow air and moisture to be pulled into
the sealed system. The moisture pulled in can then be
mixed in to the Ester oil in the compressor.
Vacuum pump suppliers may or may not recommend
changing the vacuum pump oil to the same type that’s in
the system being evacuated. Some manufacturers may
recommend a vacuum pump that’s dedicated to R-134a
systems.
Robinair has stated that their current and discontinued
vacuum pump models, using mineral oil currently
specified for use in their vacuum pumps, can be used to
evacuate R-134a/Ester oil systems. Robinair also states
that it is acceptable to alternate between evacuating
R-12/mineral oil and R-134a/Ester oil systems without
adversely effecting the vacuum pump’s performance.
For other brands of vacuum pumps, check with the
manufacturer for restrictions and guidelines when using
with R-134a.
CAUTION
If you use a vacuum pump with mineral oil to
evacuate an R-134a system, it is ABSOLUTELY
ESSENTIAL to have a shut-off valve between
pump and your manifold gauge set as shown
on page 4-10. The hand valve must be closed
during all times when vacuum pump is not
operating. This will prevent migration of
mineral oil vapor into R134a/Ester oil system.
If vacuum pump should stop during evacuation
for any reason, the hand pump shut-off valve
must be closed immediately.
If the product has had a low side leak you will need to
install the two stage service dryer filter part number
5303918288. You must heat the crankcase area of the
compressor using a heat gun on the high heat setting
throughout the 30 minutes you are running your
vacuum pump to pull a vacuum on the system. Every 4
to 5 minutes while you are running your vacuum pump
and heating the crankcase area, shake the compressor.
By heating the crankcase you are heating the oil in the
compressor. This will drive the moisture out of the oil.
By shaking the compressor this will allow the moisture
to come to the top of the oil faster so the vacuum pump
can remove the moisture from the system.
Electrolux Home Products does not approve the use of
the Sweep Charge for sealed system repair. This method
of servicing sealed systems is often used to repair
products in the field. The Sweep Charge does not
adequately remove moisture from the oil in the
compressor. In a R-134a system you will need to replace
the compressor if the product has had a low side leak
and you are servicing with the Sweep Charge
procedure.
R-134a refrigerant molecules are smaller than R-12
molecules. This means that R-134a will pass more minor
leaks and the rate of flow will be greater than for R-12.
Therefore, it is now more important than ever to follow
good brazing practices. Use a good grade of silver
solder. A 45% silver solder is recommended.
4-13
Section 4 Refrigeration
Leak Detection
R-134a system leaks can be pinpointed by means of an
electronic leak detector or by bubble solution.
Electronic leak detectors for R-134a service are currently
available from several manufacturers. The least
expensive models are non-selective detectors that will
detect any type of emission or vapor present, regardless
of its chemical composition. Some non-selective
detectors designed for use with R-12 may have a much
lower sensitivity when used with R-134a. However, newly
designed detectors with good R-134a sensitivity are now
available. Be sure to consult with the manufacturer
before selecting or using a non-selective detector with
R-134a.
4-14
Halogen-specific detectors use a specialized sensor that
allows detection of compounds containing chlorine,
fluorine, bromine, and iodine without being activated
by other species. The major advantage of this type
of detector is a reduction in the number of “nuisance
alarms”. Halogen-specific detectors are generally more
expensive than non-selective detectors but feature
higher sensitivity.
R-134a properties
The properties of R-134a are very similar to those of
R12. The principal data for the two refrigerants are
shown in the chart below.
Section 4 Refrigeration
HFC-134a, CFC-12 Pressure Temperature Chart
4-15
Section 4 Refrigeration
Inhalation Toxicity
Spills or Leaks
HFC-134a poses no acute or chronic hazard when it is
handled in accordance with DuPont recommendations
and when exposures are maintained at or below the
DuPont Acceptable Exposure Limit (AEL) of 1,000 ppm (8
and 12 hour Time-Weighted Average or TWA).
If a large release of vapor occurs, such as from a
large spill or leak, the vapors may concentrate near the
floor or low spots and displace the oxygen available for
breathing, causing suffocation.
An AEL is an airborne exposure limit established by
DuPont scientists that specifies time-weighted average
(TWA) airborne concentrations to which nearly all
workers may be repeatedly exposed without adverse
effects. The AEL for HFC-134a has the same value as
the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) established for
CFC-12 and HCFC-22. TLVs are established by the
American Conference of Governmental and Industrial
Hygienists (ACGIH).
However, inhaling high concentrations of HFC-134a vapor
may cause temporary central nervous system depression
with narcosis, lethargy and anesthetic effects. Other
effects that may occur include dizziness, a feeling of
intoxication and a loss of coordination. Continued
breathing of high concentrations of HFC-134a vapors
may produce cardiac irregularities (cardiac sensitization),
unconsciousness, and with gross overexposure, death.
Intentional misuse or deliberate inhalation of HFC-134a
may cause death without warning. This practice is
extremely dangerous.
If you experience any of the initial symptoms, move to
fresh air and seek medical attention.
Cardiac Sensitization
If vapors are inhaled at a concentration of 75,000 ppm,
which is well above the AEL, the heart may become
sensitized to adrenaline, leading to cardiac irregularities
and, possibly, to cardiac arrest. The likelihood of these
cardiac problems increases if you are under physical or
emotional stress.
Medical attention must be given immediately if exposed
to high concentrations of HFC-134a. DO NOT treat with
adrenaline (epinephrine) or similar drugs. These drugs
may increase the risk of cardiac arrhythmia and cardiac
arrest. If the person is having difficulty breathing,
administer oxygen. If breathing has stopped, give
artificial respiration.
Evacuate everyone until the area has been ventilated.
Use blowers or fans to circulate the air at floor level. DO
NOT re-enter the affected area unless you are equipped
with a self-contained breathing apparatus or unless an
area monitor indicates that the concentration of
HFC-134a vapors in the area is below the AEL.
Always use self-contained breathing apparatus or an
air-line mask when entering tanks or other areas where
vapors might exist. Use the buddy system and a
lifeline. Refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
for HFC-134a for more information.
HFC-134a vapors have a slightly sweet odor that can be
difficult to detect. Therefore, frequent leak checks and
the installation of permanent area monitors may be
necessary in enclosed spaces. Refer to ASHRAE
Standards 15 and 34 for refrigeration machinery rooms.
To ensure safety when working with HFC-134a in
enclosed areas:
1. Route relief and purge vent piping (if present)
outdoors, away from air intakes.
2. Make certain area is well ventilated, using auxiliary
ventilation if needed to move vapors.
3. Make sure area is clear of vapors prior to beginning
work.
4. Install air monitoring equipment to detect leaks.
Skin and Eye Contact
At room temperature, HFC-134a vapors have little or no
effect on the skin or eyes. However, in liquid form,
HFC-134a can freeze skin or eyes on contact, causing
frostbite. Following contact, soak the exposed area in
lukewarm water, not cold or hot. If medical treatment
cannot begin immediately, apply a light coat of a
nonmedicated ointment, such as petroleum jelly. If the
exposed area is in a location where the presence of the
ointment would be awkward, such as on the eye, apply
a light bandage. In all cases of frostbite, seek medical
attention as soon as possible.
Always wear protective clothing when there is a risk of
exposure to liquid HFC-134a. Where splashing is
possible, always wear eye protection and a face shield.
4-16
Section 4 Refrigeration
Combustibility of HFC-134a
Filling and Charging Operations
HFC-134a is nonflammable at ambient
temperatures and atmospheric pressure. However, tests
have shown HFC-134a to be combustible at pressures
as low as 5.5 psi (139.3 kPa absolute) at 177°C (350°F)
when mixed with air at concentrations generally greater
than 60% volume air. At lower temperatures, higher
pressures are required for combustibility.
(HCFC-22 is also combustible at pressures above
atmospheric in the presence of high air concentrations).
Test results and calculations have shown:
•
•
•
•
At ambient temperature, all concentrations of
HFC-134a in air are nonflammable at pressures
below 15 psi (205 kPa absolute).
Combustible mixtures of air and HFC-134a will not
form when liquid HFC-134a is pumped into closed
vessel if initial air pressure in vessel is limited to
one atmosphere absolute and final pressure is
limited to 300 psi (2,170 kPa absolute). If initial air
pressure is greater than one atmosphere,
combustible mixtures may form as tank is filled.
Based on above information, the following
operating practices are recommended:
Leak Testing
•
Equipment should NEVER be leak tested with a
pressurized mixture of HFC-134a and air. HFC-134a
may be safely pressured with dry nitrogen.
•
•
•
Before evacuating cylinders or refrigeration
equipment, any remaining refrigerant should be
removed by recovery system.
Vacuum pump discharge lines should be free of
restrictions that could increase discharge pressures
above 15 psi (205 kPa) and result in formation of
combustible mixtures.
Cylinders or refrigeration equipment should
normally be evacuated at start of filling, and should
never be filled while under positive air pressure.
Final pressures should not exceed 300 psi
(2,170 kPa).
Filled cylinders should periodically be analyzed
for air (nonabsorbable gas or NAG).
Refrigerant Recovery Systems
Efficient recovery of refrigerant from equipment or
containers requires evacuation at the end of the
recovery cycle. Suction lines to a recovery compressor
should be periodically checked for leaks to prevent
compressing air into the recovery cylinder during
evacuation. In addition, the recovery cylinder pressure
should be monitored, and evacuation stopped in the
event of a rapid pressure rise indicating the presence of
noncondensable air. The recovery cylinder contents
should then be analyzed for NAG, and the recovery
system leak checked if air is present. DO NOT
continue to evacuate a refrigeration system that has a
major leak.
Bulk Delivery and Storage
•
•
•
•
Tanks should normally be evacuated at start of
filling, and should never be filled while under
positive air pressure.
Tank pressure should never be allowed to exceed
300 psi (2,170 kPa) when filling with HFC-134a.
Relief devices on either tanks or HFC-134a supply
system usually prevent this.
Tank pressures should be monitored routinely.
Air lines should never be connected to storage tanks.
Thermal Decomposition
HFC-134a vapors will decompose when exposed to
high temperatures from flames or electric resistance
heaters. Decomposition may produce toxic and irritating
compounds, such as hydrogen fluoride. The pungent
odors released will irritate the nose and throat and
generally force people to evacuate the area. Therefore,
it is important to prevent decomposition by avoiding
exposure to high temperatures.
4-17
Section 4 Refrigeration
Notes
4-18
Section 5 Component Teardown
Component Teardown
This section explains how to access and remove components from an Upright Frigidaire Freezer, and has been
arranged in such a way as to simulate which components would need to be removed first in order to gain access to
other components. When following a component removal procedure, it may be necessary to reference another
component removal procedure listed earlier in this section.
IMPORTANT
Before continuing, please take note of the WARNINGS and CAUTIONS below.
WARNING
-
If it is necessary to remove a Freezer unit from its installation, use proper lifting techniques as
units are heavy and could fall resulting in serious injury or death. Pulling a unit from its installation
should only be performed by a trained authorized service technician or installer.
-
To avoid electric shock, power to a freezer unit must be disconnected whenever accessing/
removing components powered by electricity or components near other electrical components.
-
After service is completed, be sure all safety-grounding circuits are complete, all electrical
connections are secure, and all access panels are in place.
-
If unit was used prior to service, the Compressor assembly will be hot. Wear protective gloves and
the appropriate safety gear when working with compressors.
-
If removing a door or drawer from a unit, remember that the doors and drawers are heavy. If they
were to fall, they could cause serious personal injury.
CAUTION
-
Metal edges may be sharp. Use caution and wear appropriate safety equipment when servicing
evaporators and condensers to avoid personal injury.
-
If working in the compressor area, remember that compressor and tubing may be hot.
5-1
Section 5 Component Teardown
Exterior Components
Door Handle
The door handle is secured to the door assembly with
two screw and button assemblies that slide behind a
dovetail block inside the handle assembly and with
screws on each end of the handle. Two screw cover
plates slide over the door handle to hide the door
handle mounting screws. (See Figure 5-1)
Screw
Handle
Trim
Screw
Handle
Assembly
Dovetail Block
To remove the door handle:
1. Remove screw cover plates by pushing in and
sliding the screw cover plate off of the door handle.
Screw
2. Using a phillips head screwdriver, extract the screws
securing the door handle to the door assembly.
3. Push upwards until the screw button assembly is
free of the dovetail inside the handle assembly.
Figure 5-1. Handle Removal
Kickplate
Kickplate Removal
The kickplate is secured with two screws to the lower
front of the unit.
To remove the kickplate, extract the screw from each
end of the kickplate with a phillips head screwdriver.
(See Figure 5-2)
Door Hinge and Door Assembly Removal
The door assembly is secured to the unit frame by an
upper and lower hinge assembly. The wiring harness
leading out of the door assembly must be disconnected
from the wire harness in the compressor area before the
door assembly can be removed.
To remove the door assembly:
1. Gently lay freezer on its back on a soft clean
surface.
2. Lift plastic cover off upper hinge assembly.
(See Figure 5-3)
3. Using a T27 tamper proof Torx bit, extract screws
securing the upper hinge to the unit frame.
4. Remove kickplate.
5. Reach under bottom of cabinet and disconnect wire
leads of door connector from the cabinet
connector. (See Figure 5-4)
6. Using a T27 tamper proof Torx bit, extract screws
securing the lower hinge to the unit frame. Use a
phillips head screwdriver to extract the remaining
screw from the lower hinge assembly.
7. Lift the door assembly off of the unit frame.
5-2
Screws
Figure 5-2. Kickplate Removal
Hinge
Cover
Screws
Upper
Hinge
Figure 5-3. Upper Hinge Removal
Figure 5-4. Lower Hinge Removal
Section 5 Component Teardown
Door Stop Assembly Removal
Door Frame
The door stop is secured to with two screws the
underside of the door assembly.
Screws
To remove the door stop:
Door Stop
1. Remove door from unit.
2. Extract the two screws securing the door stop to the
bottom of the door assembly. (See Figure 5-5)
Door Gasket and Inner Panel Removal
The inner panel of the door assembly is secured with
screws that pass through the inner panel and fasten
into the door assembly. The door gasket has an inner
lip that is pressed between the inner panel and the door
assembly and is secured in position when the inner panel
screws are fastened to the door assembly. The inner
panel does not have to be removed to extract the door
gasket from the door assembly.
Wire Harness
Hinge Bearing
Figure 5-5. Door Stop Removal
Outer
Door
Panel
To remove the door gasket:
1. Lift the inside edge of the door gasket to access the
inner panel screws.
2. Loosen the inner panel screws until the door gasket
can be pulled out from under the inner panel.
(See Figure 5-6)
3. Continue loosening screws around door assembly
until door gasket is free.
4. To remove the inner panel, extract all screws from
the outside edge of the inner panel and remove from
unit.
Inner Panel
Screw
Door
Gasket
Figure 5-6. Inner Panel and Door Gasket Removal
5-3
Section 5 Component Teardown
Door Lock Removal
The door lock assembly is secured to the door
assembly with a locking fork located inside the outer
door panel. The inner panel must be removed first to
access the lock assembly.
To remove the lock assembly (See Figure 5-7):
1. Carefully remove enough foam from inside outer
door panel to gain access to the locking fork.
2. Use a flat-bladed screwdriver to push up on the locking fork until it disengages the lock mechanism.
3. Pull lock assembly out of door liner.
4. When re-installing, replace foam around locking fork.
Figure 5-7. Door Lock Removal
Bezel
EZ Set Control Assembly Removal
The EZ Set control assembly is mounted inside the front
of the door assembly and is secured in position with
retaining latches. The electronic board is secured to the
inside of the bezel with retaining latches.
Retaining
Latches
To remove the EZ Set control assembly:
1. Disconnect power to freezer.
2. Using a small flat bladed screwdriver, carefully pry
under the bezel until the retaining latches release
from the door assembly. Pull control assembly
straight out to avoid damaging the electrical
connection wire prongs. (See Figure 5-8)
Figure 5-8. EZ Set Control Removal
Precision Set Control Assembly Removal
The Precision Set control assembly is mounted inside
the front of the door assembly and is secured in position
with retaining latches.
To remove the Precision Set control assembly:
1. Disconnect power to freezer.
2. Using a small flat bladed screwdriver or equivelent tool (See Figure 5-9), carefully pry under the
bezel until the retaining latches release from the
door assembly. Pull control assembly straight out
to avoid damaging the electrical connection wire
prongs.
To install the Precision Set control assembly:
1. Push control in gently with the palm of your hand.
You may need to slightly adjust the bezel position up
or down to align connector pins.
2. Gently push control flush to door with palm of hand.
5-4
Beveled Plastic
Tool
Figure 5-9. Precision Set Control Removal
Section 5 Component Teardown
Door Shelf Guard Removal
The door shelf guard is secured to the inner door panel
with two tabs on each end.
To remove the door shelf guard, bend the door shelf
guard out in the middle while bending out the outer
portion of the inner panel outwards, then pull the tabs of
the door shelf guard out of the inner panel.
(See Figure 5-10)
Door Switch Removal
Bend Out
Here
Door Shelf Guard
Bend Here
Figure 5-10. Door Shelf Guard Removal
The door switch is mounted inside a hole in the
cabinet base along the lower left hand side.
(See Figure 5-11)
To remove the door switch:
1. Remove kickplate.
2. Reach under cabinet frame and disconnect the
electrical leads from the door switch terminals.
3. Press in on the retaining latch on the switch body
and push switch through hole in cabinet base.
Interior Components
Shelf Assembly
Door Switch
Figure 5-11. Door Switch Removal
Locating
Holes in
Liner Wall
The shelf assemblies have metal bars that slide into
holes in the cabinet interior liner walls. Rubber bumpers
are attached to the metal bars to prevent side to side
movement within the cabinet. (See Figure 5-12)
To remove the shelf assemblies:
1. Remove rubber bumpers from right side of shelf
assembly.
2. Remove shelf assembly by pushing to the right until
the metal bars are free from the left side liner wall.
Then tilt down or up until the shelf can be removed
from the right side liner wall.
Wire Basket Removal
The wire basket slides under the basket stops mounted
to the compartment side walls. Plastic basket glides
clipped onto the wire basket allow the wire basket to
slide on the freezer compartment floor.
(See Figure 5-13)
Wire Shelf
Bumper
Figure 5-12. Shelf Assembly Removal
Basket Stop
Wire Basket
Bumper
To remove the wire basket, simply pull out from under
the basket stops and remove from the unit.
Basket
Glide
Figure 5-13. Wire Basket Removal
5-5
Section 5 Component Teardown
Light Shield Removal
The light shield is secured with retaining tabs that locate
in slots cut in the interior cabinet ceiling.
(See Figure 5-14)
Light Fixture
To remove the light shield, grab the light shield and
push in near the retaining tabs until the retaining tabs
release from the slots in the compartment ceiling.
Light Bulb
Tab
Light Fixture Removal
The light fixture is secured with retaining latches into the
interior cabinet ceiling behind the light shield.
(See Figure 5-15)
To remove the light fixture:
Light Shield
Tab
Figure 5-14. Light Shield and Fixture Removal
1. Remove light bulb by turning counter-clockwise.
2. Pull down on the front of the light fixture while
turning the fixture a quarter turn to release the
retaining latches.
3. Disconnect wire leads from light fixture terminals.
Baffle Plate Removal
The baffle plate is secured with four retaining latches to
slots in the compartment upper back wall.
(See Figure 5-15)
Baffle Plate
To remove the baffle plate, with one hand grab the
baffle plate from the center and pull back while with
the other hand, reach behind to disengage the retaining
latches.
Figure 5-15. Baffle Plate Removal
Gasket
Evaporator Cover Removal
The evaporator cover is secured with screws to the
back wall and bottom of the freezer compartment. The
evaporator cover has a gasket on each side to create
proper airflow in the compartment. (See Figure 5-16)
To remove the evaporator cover:
1. Remove the bottom two shelf assemblies.
2. Remove the wire basket.
3. Using a phillips head screwdriver, extract the ten
(10) screws securing the evaporator cover to the
freezer compartment.
4. Carefully pull the evaporator cover away from the
back wall, using caution not to damage the gaskets
on both sides of the evaporator cover.
5-6
Screws
Figure 5-16. Evaporator Cover Removal
Section 5 Component Teardown
Evaporator Fan Assembly Removal
The evaporator fan assembly consists of the fan motor
mount bracket, fan motor and fan blade. Two screws
secure the fan motor to the fan motor mount bracket.
The evaporator fan assembly is then secured with two
screws to the back wall of the freezer compartment.
(See Figure 5-17)
Fan Motor
Fan Blade
Screws
To remove the evaporator fan assembly:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the bottom two shelf assemblies.
Remove wire basket.
Remove the evaporator cover.
Remove wires from retaining clips. Disconnect the
electrical leads of fan motor at quick disconnect.
5. Using a 5/16” socket or nut driver, extract the two
hex head screws securing the fan motor mounting
bracket to the back wall of the unit.
6. Separate the fan motor from the mounting bracket
by extracting the two hex head screws securing the
fan motor to mounting bracket.
7. Pull fan blade from fan motor shaft.
Electrical
Connection
Screws
Fan Motor
Mounting
Bracket
Figure 5-17. Evaporator Fan Assembly Removal
Disconnect Here
Defrost
Thermostat
Defrost Thermostat Removal
The defrost thermostat is secured with a retaining clip
to the evaporator outlet tube located on the upper left
corner of the evaporator assembly. (See Figure 5-19)
To remove the defrost thermostat:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the bottom two shelf assemblies.
Remove wire basket.
Remove the evaporator cover.
Disconnect the defrost thermostat wire leads from
the wire harness. (See Figure 5-18)
5. Pull the defrost thermostat off of the evaporator
outlet tubing.
Thermistor Removal
Figure 5-18. Defrost Thermostat Removal
NOTE
Freezer defrost thermostat must be installed on
the evaporator outlet tubing.
Thermistor
The thermistor is mounted with a screw to the back wall
of the freezer compartment behind the evaporator cover.
To remove the thermistor:
1. Remove the evaporator cover.
2. Extract the phillips screw securing the thermistor to
the back wall. (See Figure 5-19)
3. Cut the wires and splice the new thermistor into wire
harness.
Figure 5-19. Defrost Thermostat Removal
5-7
Section 5 Component Teardown
Defrost Heater Removal
Disconnect Here
The defrost heater is secured with two aluminum straps
to the bottom tube of the evaporator assembly.
(See Figure 5-20)
To remove the defrost heater:
1. Remove the bottom two shelf assemblies.
2. Remove wire basket.
3. Remove the evaporator cover.
4. Disconnect the defrost heater wire leads from the
wire harness. (See Figure 5-20)
5. Release the aluminum straps securing the defrost
heater to the bottom of the evaporator assembly.
6. Remove the styrofoam insulators from both sides of
the evaporator.
7. Pull defrost heater from evaporator assembly.
Styrofoam
Styrofoam
Defrost Heater
Aluminum Straps
Figure 5-20. Defrost Heater Removal
Evaporator Removal
The evaporator sets upon the two screw standoffs
mounted to the back wall of the freezer compartment.
Two pieces of styrofoam are pressed between the
evaporator assembly and the sidewalls of the unit,
securing the assembly in position. (See Figure 5-21)
To remove the evaporator:
1. Remove the bottom two shelf assemblies.
2. Remove wire basket.
3. Remove the evaporator cover.
4. Remove the styrofoam insulators from both sides of
the evaporator.
5. Remove the defrost thermostat and defrost heater.
6. Recover refrigerant by using EPA approved
recovery system.
NOTE
Whenever the sealed system is opened the
filter-drier must be replaced.
7. Remove the filter-drier.
8. Cut suction line about 1” from compressor.
9. Straighten the tubing, remove the foam sleeve, and
carefully feed the heat exchanger through the
cabinet while pulling up on the evaporator.
5-8
Screw Standoffs
Heat Exchanger
Figure 5-21. Evaporator Removal
Section 5 Component Teardown
Compressor Area Components
Electrical
Connection
Power Cord Removal
The power cord enters the compressor area on the lower
left side and is secured to the compressor mounting
plate with a P-clamp and screw.
Ground
Screw
To remove the power cord:
1. Pull unit from its installation position to access the
rear compressor area.
2. Using a phillips head screwdriver, extract the four
screws securing the compressor area shield to the
rear of the unit. Remove shield.
3. Using a 1/4” socket or wrench, extract the screw
securing the P-clamp to the compressor mounting
plate. (See Figure 5-22)
4. Using a 1/4” socket or wrench, extract the screw
securing the ground wires to the compressor
mounting plate.
5. Disconnect power cord from the wire harness at the
quick disconnect. Remove power cord from unit.
P-Clamp
and Screw
Figure 5-22. Power Cord Removal
Cut Here
Filter-Drier Removal
The filter-drier is located in the compressor area on the
left side of the compressor. (See Figure 5-23)
To remove the filter-drier:
1. Pull unit from its installation position.
2. Extract the screws securing the fiber board cover to
the unit frame and remove from unit.
3. Recover refrigerant by using EPA approved
recovery system.
4. Using a 3 cornered file, score a groove around
capillary tube as close to old filter-drier as possible.
Break capillary tube along score mark from
filter-drier.
5. Cut condenser outlet tube at filter-drier. Discard
filter-drier.
6. Thoroughly clean condenser outlet tube and
capillary tube.
7. Place inlet connection of filter-drier over condenser
tube approximately ¼” and solder.
8. Insert capillary tube input end into filter-drier outlet.
Do not allow tube to bottom against screen. Solder
carefully so that solder does not plug capillary tube.
9. Install process tube adapter to filter-drier.
10. Evacuate and charge system using the recommended procedure described under Evacuating and
Recharging in the Refrigeration section.
11. Reassemble unit.
Cut Here
Figure 5-23. Filter-Drier Removal
CAUTION
On R-134a systems, the system must NOT be
left open to the atmosphere for more than 10
minutes to prevent moisture contamination of
compressor oil.
5-9
Section 5 Component Teardown
Drain Pan
Drain Pan
Latch
The drain pan is mounted to a bracket mounted to the
top of the compressor. (See Figure 5-24)
Clip
To remove the drain pan:
1. Pull unit from its installation position.
2. Extract the screws securing the fiber board cover to
the unit frame and remove from unit.
3. Using a pliers, remove the retaining clip securing the
drain pan to the top of the compressor.
4. Pull drain pan off compressor, remove drain hose
and remove from unit.
Figure 5-24. Drain Pan Removal
Compressor Removal
The compressor sits on four grommets and is secured
with four screws to the compressor mounting plate.
(See Figure 5-25 & 5-26)
To remove the filter-drier:
1. Pull unit from its installation position.
2. Extract the screws securing the compressor shield to
the unit frame and remove from unit.
3. Using a small flat bladed screwdriver, release the
locking tab from the wire harness connection and
disconnect from compressor controller.
4. Using a needlenose pliers, remove spring wire
holding the controller to the compressor.
5. Recover refrigerant by using EPA approved
recovery system.
6. Using a 7/16” socket, remove the (4) bolts, one in
each corner, holding the compressor to the base.
(See Figure 5-26)
7. After refrigerant is completely recovered, cut
suction and discharge lines as close to compressor
as possible. Leave only enough tubing to pinch off
and seal defective compressor. Plug or tape any
open system tubing to avoid entrance of moisture
and air into system. Remove inoperable compressor
and transfer mounting parts to new compressor.
8. Install new compressor inexact same manner as
original compressor.
9. Reform both suction and discharge lines to align with
new compressor. If they are too short, use additional lengths of tubing. Joints should overlap 0.5” to
provide sufficient area for good solder joint. Clean
and mark area where tubing should be cut.
10. Cut tubing with tubing cutter. Work quickly to avoid
letting moisture and air into system.
11. Reassemble unit.
5-10
Wire Harness
Connection
Retaining
Latch
Ground Wire
Figure 5-25. Compressor Electrical Component
Removal
Spring Wire
Bolt
Capacitor
Controller
Grommet
Figure 5-26. Compressor Components
Section 5 Component Teardown
Condenser Service
The condenser is foamed in place and is not accessible
for repair. However, repair can be made by installing a
service replacement condenser kit. Refer to the
part list of the model being serviced for the correct kit
part number.
Each service replacement condenser kit consists of: a
condenser assembly that can be installed on the back of
the cabinet, mounting hardware, replacement filter-drier
and a complete installation instructions.
To install, use the following procedure:
1. Disconnect unit from source of power.
2. Recover refrigerant by using EPA approved
recovery system.
3. Installed the replacement condenser in accordance
with the instructions included with the kit.
4. Evacuate and charge a system using the
recommended procedure described under
evacuation and recharging found in section 4.
5-11
Section 5 Component Teardown
Notes
5-12
Section 6 Troubleshooting
Cause
Problem
Freezer compressor does
not run.
Correction
Freezer is plugged into a circuit that has a
ground fault interrupt.
Use another circuit. Check circuit for proper
voltage.
Temperature control is in the “OFF”
position.
Unplug from AC power, wait a minute then plug nit
into AC power outlet. Instruct customer.
Freezer may not be plugged in, or plug
may be loose.
Ensure plug is tightly pushed into outlet.
House fuse blown or tripped
circuit breaker.
Check/replace fuse with a 15 amp time delay fuse.
Reset circuit breaker.
Power outage.
Check house lights. Call local Electric Company.
Room or outside weather is hot.
It’s normal for the Freezer to work harder under
these conditions.
Freezer has recently been
disconnected for a period of time.
It takes 24 hours for the Freezer to cool down
completely.
Large amount of warm or hot food have
been stored recently.
Warm food will cause Freezer to run more until the
desired temperature is reached.
Door is opened too frequently or kept
open too long.
Warm air entering the Freezer causes it to run
more. Open the door less often.
Freezer door may be slightly open.
See Problem section “Door will not close”.
Temperature control is set too
low.
Set control to a warmer setting. Allow
several hours for the temperature to stabilize.
Freezer gaskets are dirty, worn, cracked or
poorly fitted.
Clean or change gasket. Leaks in the door seal will
cause Freezer to run longer in order to maintain
desired temperature.
Interior Freezer
temperature is too cold.
Temperature control is set too low.
Set control to a warmer setting. Allow
several hours for the temperature to stabilize.
Interior Freezer
temperature is too warm.
Temperature control is set too warm.
Set control to a colder setting. Allow
several hours for the temperature to stabilize.
Door is opened too frequently or kept
open too long.
Warm air entering the Freezer causes it to run
more. Open the door less often.
Freezer door may be slightly open.
See Problem section “Door will not close”.
Large amount of warm or hot food have
been stored recently.
Wait until the Freezer has had a chance to reach its
selected temperature.
Freezer has recently been
disconnected for a period of time.
Freezer requires 24 hours to cool down
completely.
The external Freezer walls can be as much
as 30ºF warmer than room
temperature.
This is normal while the compressor works to
transfer heat from inside the Freezer cabinet.
Freezer runs too much or
too long.
Freezer external
surface temperature is
warm.
6-1
Section 6 Troubleshooting
Problem
Cause
Correction
Louder sound levels
whenever Freezer is on.
Modern Freezers have increased storage
capacity and more stable temperatures.
They require heavy duty compressors.
This is normal. When the surrounding noise level is
low, you might hear the compressor running while it
cools the interior.
Louder sound levels when
compressor comes on.
Freezer operates at higher pressures
during the start of the ON cycle.
This is normal. Sound will level off or disappear as
Freezer continues to run.
Popping or cracking sound
when compressor comes
on.
Metal parts undergo expansion and
contraction, as in hot water pipes.
This is normal. Sound will level off or disappear as
Freezer continues to run.
Bubbling or gurgling
sound.
Refrigerant used to cool Freezer is
circulating throughout system.
This is normal.
Vibrating or rattling noise.
Freezer is not level. It rocks on the floor
when it is moved slightly.
Level the Freezer.
Floor is uneven or weak.
Ensure floor can adequately support Freezer. Level
the Freezer by putting wood or metal shims under
part of the Freezer.
Freezer is touching the wall.
Re-level Freezer or move Freezer slightly.
Weather is hot and humid, which
increases internal rate of frost build-up.
This is normal.
Door is slightly open.
See Problem section “Door will not close”.
Door is opened too frequently or kept open
too long.
Open the door less often.
Interior needs to be cleaned.
Clean interior with sponge, warm water, and
baking soda. Replace air filter.
Foods with strong odors are in the Freezer.
Cover the food tightly.
Freezer is not level. It rocks on the floor
when it is moved slightly.
This condition can force the cabinet out of square
and misalign the door. Level unit.
Floor is uneven or weak.
Ensure floor can adequately support Freezer. Level
the Freezer by putting wood or metal shims under
part of the Freezer.
The fluorescent lamp or light bulb is
burned out.
Replace lamp or light bulb.
No electric current is reaching the Freezer.
See Problem section “Freezer compressor does not
run” on previous page.
Moisture forms on inside
Freezer walls.
Odors in Freezer.
Door will not close.
Light bulb is not on.
6-2
Section 6 Troubleshooting
The following table relates to troubleshooting the electronic control and associated components.
Cause
Problem
Compressor and evaporator
fan motor does not run.
Correction
1.
Do any of the LED’s on the control
illuminate?
Yes. Go to step 2.
No. Check power to freezer and make sure unit is
plugged in.
2.
Is the temperature control set to off?
Yes. Set control from 1 to 7
No. Go to step 3.
3.
Measure the input voltage to the
electronic control. Is line to neutral
voltage being applied?
Yes. Replace defective electronic control.
No. Defective wire harness.
4.
Disconnect the wiring harness
from the compressor controller and
measure the voltage drop between
the two wires in the harness. Does
the meter read line to neutral
voltage?
Yes. Replace defective compressor controller or
compressor and evaporator fan motor.
No. Replace defective electronic control.
Compressor does not run,
but the evaporator fan
motor does.
1.
Defective compressor or compressor
controller.
Replace compressor controller. If problem is not
corrected replace compressor.
Evaporator fan motor does
not run,but the compressor
operates.
1.
Is there something blocking the fan
blade?
Yes. Remove restriction from fan blade.
No. Replace defective fan motor.
Electronic control display
does not illuminate, but the
freezer operates.
1.
Defective electronic control.
Replace defective electronic control.
The electronic control does
not respond when the
upper or down arrows are
pushed.
1.
Is the control set to Off?
Yes. The down arrow must be pushed (3) times to
advance the control from “Off” to “10°F”.
No. Replace defective electronic control.
Interior light does not glow
when door is opened.
1.
Check the light bulb with an
ohmmeter. Is the bulb good?
Yes. Replace defective door switch.
No. Replace light bulb.
Compressor runs
continuously, but freezer is
not cold.
1.
Connect a low side gauge to the
processing tube on the compressor.
Is the pressure in a vacuum or lower
than normal?
Yes. System low on refrigerant, check for leak in
system before adding refrigerant.
No. Replace defective compressor.
Compressor runs
continuously and the
freezer is too cold.
1.
Defective electronic control.
Replace defective electronic control.
Freezer temperatures do
not correspond with
temperature control
settings, but compressor
operation is normal.
1.
Defective electronic control.
Replace defective electronic control.
6-3
Section 6 Troubleshooting
Problem
Freezer does not
automatically defrost.
6-4
Cause
Correction
1.
Program the control for a manual
defrost. Does the defrost operate?
Yes. Replace electronic control.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
Disconnect the orange wire from the
defrost thermostat and the white wire
from the defrost heater. Measure the
resistance between the wire on the
thermostat and the wire at the end of
the heater. Is the reading about 25
omhs?
Yes. Replace electronic control.
No. Go to step 3.
3.
Disconnect defrost thermostat from
the defrost heater and measure the
resistance of the defrost heater. Is
the reading about 25 omhs?
Yes. Replace defrost thermostat.
No. Replace defrost heater.
Section 7 Wiring Diagram
7-1
Section 7 Wiring Diagram
Notes
7-2