Notebook PC
Hardware User’s Manual
Product Name:
Notebook PC Hardware
Manual Revision: 1.00 E931
Release Date:
Jan 2002
1
Safety Statements
Federal Communications Commission Statement
This device complies with FCC Rules Part 15. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
• This device may not cause harmful interference, and
• This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital device, pursuant
to Part 15 of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference
to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING! The use of a shielded-type power cord is required in order to meet FCC
emission limits and to prevent interference to the nearby radio and television reception. It is essential that only the supplied power cord be used. Use only shielded
cables to connect I/O devices to this equipment. You are cautioned that changes or
modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could
void your authority to operate the equipment.
Reprinted from the Code of Federal Regulations #47, part 15.193, 1993. Washington DC: Office of the
Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office.
Canadian Department of Communications Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus
set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
(Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.)
For use with AC Adaptor Model (Pour Utiliser Avec Modele) ADP-45GB (45W), ADP50GB (50W), PA-1530 (50W), or ADP-60DH (60W)
Power Safety Requirement
Products with electrical current ratings up to 6A and weighing more than 3Kg must use approved power
cords greater than or equal to: H05VV-F, 3G, 0.75mm2 or H05VV-F, 2G, 0.75mm2.
Safety Statements
Nordic Cautions (for Notebook PC with Lithium-Ion Battery)
CAUTION! Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or
equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the
manufacturer’s instructions. (English)
VORSICHT! Explosionsgetahr bei unsachgemäßen Austausch der Batterie. Ersatz nur durch denselben
oder einem vom Hersteller empfohlenem ähnlichen Typ. Entsorgung gebrauchter Batterien nach Angaben
des Herstellers. (German)
ADVARSELI! Lithiumbatteri - Eksplosionsfare ved fejlagtig håndtering. Udskiftning må kun ske med
batteri af samme fabrikat og type. Levér det brugte batteri tilbage til leverandøren. (Danish)
VARNING! Explosionsfara vid felaktigt batteribyte. Använd samma batterityp eller en ekvivalent typ
som rekommenderas av apparattillverkaren. Kassera använt batteri enligt fabrikantens instruktion. (Swedish)
VAROITUS! Paristo voi räjähtää, jos se on virheellisesti asennettu. Vaihda paristo ainoastaan laitevalmistajan
sousittelemaan tyyppiin. Hävitä käytetty paristo valmistagan ohjeiden mukaisesti. (Finnish)
ATTENTION! Il y a danger d’explosion s’il y a remplacement incorrect de la batterie. Remplacer
uniquement avec une batterie du mêre type ou d’un type équivalent recommandé par le constructeur.
Mettre au rebut les batteries usagées conformément aux instructions du fabricant. (French)
ADVARSEL! Eksplosjonsfare ved feilaktig skifte av batteri. Benytt samme batteritype eller en
tilsvarende type anbefalt av apparatfabrikanten. Brukte batterier kasseres i henhold til fabrikantens
instruksjoner. (Norwegian)
(Japanese)
Macrovision Corporation Product Notice
This product incorporates copyright protection technology that is protected by method claims of certain
U.S.A. patents and other intellectual property rights owned by Macrovision Corporation and other rights
owners. Use of this copyright protection technology must be authorized by Macrovision Corporation, and
is intended for home and other limited viewing uses only unless otherwise authorized by Macrovision
Corporation. Reverse engineering or disassembly is prohibited.
CDRH Regulations
The Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
implemented regulations for laser products on August 2, 1976. These regulations apply to laser products
manufactured from August 1, 1976. Compliance is mandatory for products marketed in the United States.
WARNING: Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than
those specified herein or in the laser product installation guide may result in hazardous radiation exposure.
3
Safety Statements
Safety Statements
WARNING! The following safety precautions will increase the life of the Notebook
PC. Follow all precautions and instructions. Except as described in this manual, refer
all servicing to qualified personnel. Do not use damaged power cords, accessories,
or other peripherals. Do not use strong solvents such as thinners, benzene, or other
chemicals on or near the surface.
Disconnect the AC power and remove the battery pack(s) before cleaning. Wipe the Notebook PC using
a clean cellulose sponge or chamois cloth dampened with a solution of nonabrasive detergent and a few
drops of warm water and remove any extra moisture with a dry cloth.
DO NOT place on uneven or unstable
work surfaces. Seek servicing if the casing has been damaged.
DO NOT expose to or use near
liquids, rain, or moisture. DO
NOT use the modem during an
electrical storm.
DO NOT place or drop objects on top
and do not shove any foreign objects into
the Notebook PC.
DO NOT expose to dirty or dusty
environments. DO NOT operate
during a gas leak.
DO NOT press or touch the display panel.
Do not place together with small items that
may scratch or enter the Notebook PC.
DO NOT expose to extreme temperatures above 50˚C (122˚F) or to direct
sunlight. Do not block the fan vents!
DO NOT expose to strong magnetic or
electrical fields.
DO NOT expose to extreme temperatures (below 0˚C (32˚F), otherwise the Notebook PC may not boot.
DO NOT leave the base of the Notebook
PC on the lap or any part of the body for an
extended period while the Notebook PC is
turned ON or is charging in order to prevent
discomfort or injury from heat exposure.
DO NOT throw batteries in fires
as they may explode. Check local
codes for special battery disposal
instructions.
Safety Statements
Transportation Precautions
To prepare the Notebook PC for transport, you should turn it OFF and disconnect all external peripherals to prevent damage to the connectors. The hard disk drive’s head retracts when the power is
turned OFF to prevent scratching of the hard disk surface during transport. Therefore, you should not
transport the Notebook PC while the power is still ON. Close the display panel and check that it is
latched securely in the closed position to protect the keyboard and display panel.
Remove Floppy Disks
Whether you have an internal or external 1.44MB floppy disk drive, make sure it does not contain a
diskette when transporting the floppy disk drive. When a diskette is inserted into the floppy disk drive,
the eject button protrudes out. If you attempt to transport the floppy disk drive with a diskette in the
drive, you risk damaging the eject button and also risk scratching the surface of the diskette when the
floppy disk drive is jolted.
Cover Your Notebook PC
Use a carrying case such as the one supplied with your Notebook PC to protect it from dirt, water,
shock, and scratches.
NOTE: The surface glaze is easily dulled if not properly cared for. Be careful not to
rub or scrap the Notebook PC surfaces when transporting your Notebook PC.
Charge Your Batteries
If you intend to use battery power, be sure to fully charge your battery pack and any optional battery
packs before going on long trips. Remember that the power adapter charges the battery pack as long as
it is plugged into the computer and an AC power source. Be aware that it takes much longer to charge
the battery pack when the Notebook PC is in use.
Airplane Precautions
Contact your airline if you want to use the Notebook PC on the airplane. Most airlines will have restrictions for using electronic devices. Most airlines will allow electronic use only between and not during
takeoffs and landings.
CAUTION! There are three main types of airport security devices: X-ray machines
(used on items placed on conveyor belts), magnetic detectors (used on people walking through security checks), and magnetic wands (hand-held devices used on people
or individual items). You can send your Notebook PC and diskettes through airport Xray machines. However, it is recommended that you do not send your Notebook PC
or diskettes through airport magnetic detectors or expose them to magnetic wands.
5
Safety Statements
CTR 21 Approval (for Notebook PC with built-in Modem)
Danish
Dutch
English
Finnish
French
German
Greek
Italian
Portuguese
Spanish
Swedish
Safety Statements
UL Safety Notices
Required for UL 1459 covering telecommunications (telephone) equipment intended to be electrically
connected to a telecommunication network that has an operating voltage to ground that does not exceed
200V peak, 300V peak-to-peak, and 105V rms, and installed or used in accordance with the National
Electrical Code (NFPA 70).
When using the Notebook PC modem, basic safety precautions should always be followed to reduce
the risk of fire, electric shock, and injury to persons, including the following:
• Do not use the Notebook PC near water, for example, near a bath tub, wash bowl, kitchen sink or
laundry tub, in a wet basement or near a swimming pool.
• Do not use the Notebook PC during an electrical storm. There may be a remote risk of electric shock
from lightning.
• Do not use the Notebook PC in the vicinity of a gas leak.
Required for UL 1642 covering primary (nonrechargeable) and secondary (rechargeable) lithium batteries for use as power sources in products. These batteries contain metallic lithium, or a lithium alloy,
or a lithium ion, and may consist of a single electrochemical cell or two or more cells connected in
series, parallel, or both, that convert chemical energy into electrical energy by an irreversible or reversible chemical reaction.
• Do not dispose the Notebook PC battery pack in a fire, as they may explode. Check with local codes for
possible special disposal instructions to reduce the risk of injury to persons due to fire or explosion.
• Do not use power adapters or batteries from other devices to reduce the risk of injury to persons due to
fire or explosion. Use only UL certified power adapters or batteries supplied by the manufacturer or
authorized retailers.
7
Table of Contents
1. Introducing the Notebook PC ................................................................ 11
About This User’s Manual ..................................................................................................... 12
Notes For This Manual ..................................................................................................... 12
2. Knowing the Parts .................................................................................. 13
Top Side ................................................................................................................................ 14
Bottom Side ........................................................................................................................... 16
Left Side ................................................................................................................................ 18
Right Side .............................................................................................................................. 19
Rear Side .............................................................................................................................. 20
Front Side .............................................................................................................................. 22
3. Getting Started ....................................................................................... 23
Using the Battery Pack .......................................................................................................... 24
Installing and Removing the Battery Pack ....................................................................... 24
Charging the Battery Pack ............................................................................................... 25
Battery Care ..................................................................................................................... 25
Operating Systems ................................................................................................................ 25
Support Software ............................................................................................................. 25
Power Connection ................................................................................................................. 26
Powering ON The Notebook PC ........................................................................................... 27
The Power-On Self Test (POST) ...................................................................................... 27
Power Management - Stand By and Hibernate..................................................................... 28
Restarting or Rebooting ........................................................................................................ 28
Powering OFF the Notebook PC ........................................................................................... 28
Using the Keyboard ............................................................................................................... 29
Colored Hot Keys ............................................................................................................. 29
Instant Launch Keys and Status Indicators ........................................................................... 30
Status Indicators (Externally Visible) ..................................................................................... 30
Status Indicators (Internal Only) ............................................................................................ 31
Instant Launch Keys .............................................................................................................. 31
Microsoft Windows™ Keys .............................................................................................. 32
Keyboard as a Numeric Keypad ...................................................................................... 32
Keyboard as Cursors ....................................................................................................... 33
CD Control Buttons and Indicator .................................................................................... 34
Table of Contents
4. Using the Notebook PC ......................................................................... 35
Pointing Device ..................................................................................................................... 36
Using the Touchpad ......................................................................................................... 36
Touchpad Usage Illustrations ........................................................................................... 36
Caring for the Touchpad ................................................................................................... 38
Caring for the Touchpad ................................................................................................... 38
Optional External Connections .............................................................................................. 44
PC Card (PCMCIA) Socket ................................................................................................... 47
32-bit CardBus Support ................................................................................................... 47
Inserting a PC Card (PCMCIA) ........................................................................................ 48
Removing a PC Card (PCMCIA) ...................................................................................... 49
Modem and Network Connections ........................................................................................ 49
Modem Connection .......................................................................................................... 49
Network Connection ......................................................................................................... 50
IR Wireless Communication .................................................................................................. 51
Guidelines for using IR communication ........................................................................... 51
Enabling Infrared .............................................................................................................. 51
AC Power System ................................................................................................................. 53
Battery Power System ........................................................................................................... 53
Charging the Battery Pack ............................................................................................... 53
Using Battery Power ........................................................................................................ 53
Power Management Modes .................................................................................................. 54
Full Power Mode & Maximum Performance .................................................................... 54
ACPI ................................................................................................................................. 54
Suspend Mode ................................................................................................................. 54
Thermal Power Control .................................................................................................... 55
Power Savings ................................................................................................................. 55
Power State Summary ..................................................................................................... 55
Hard Disk Drive ..................................................................................................................... 57
Important Handling Note .................................................................................................. 57
Processor & Hard Disk Drive Upgrades ................................................................................ 57
System Memory Expansion .................................................................................................. 57
Vehicle/Air & Vehicle-Only Power Adapters (Optional) ......................................................... 57
Securing Your Notebook PC (Optional) ................................................................................. 58
9
5. Configuring the BIOS ............................................................................. 59
BIOS Setup Program ............................................................................................................ 60
Updating your BIOS .............................................................................................................. 61
BIOS Menu Bar ................................................................................................................ 61
BIOS Legend Bar ............................................................................................................. 61
Main Menu ............................................................................................................................ 63
Primary Master (sub-menu) .................................................................................................. 65
Secondary Master (sub-menus) ............................................................................................ 67
Advanced Menu .................................................................................................................... 68
I/O Device Configuration (sub-menu) .................................................................................... 69
Security Menu ....................................................................................................................... 71
Power Menu .......................................................................................................................... 73
Boot Menu ............................................................................................................................. 74
Exit Menu .............................................................................................................................. 75
Appendix ..................................................................................................... 77
Internal Modem Compliancy ................................................................................................. 78
Glossary ................................................................................................................................ 80
Index ..................................................................................................................................... 85
Owner Information ................................................................................................................. 88
1. Introducing the Notebook PC
About This User’s Manual
Notes For This Manual
11
1
Introducing the Notebook PC
About This User’s Manual
You are reading the Notebook PC User’s Manual. This User’s Manual provides information on the
various components in the Notebook PC and how to use them. The following are major sections of this
User’s Manuals:
1. Introducing the Notebook PC
Introduces you to the Notebook PC and this User’s Manual.
2. Knowing the Parts
Gives you information on the Notebook PC’s components.
3. Getting Started
Gives you information on getting started with the Notebook PC.
4. Using the Notebook PC
Gives you information on using the Notebook PC’s components.
5. Configuring the BIOS
Gives you information on configuring the BIOS software.
6. Appendix
Introduces you to optional accessories and gives additional information.
Notes For This Manual
This User’s Manual was created using Macintosh versions of Adobe® PageMaker™ 6.52, Adobe®
Photoshop™ 5.5, Adobe® Illustrator® 8.0, and Macromedia® Freehand™ 8.0.1. The body text type used
in this manual is “Times” (MAC) or “Times New Roman” (Windows™) and headings are “Helvetica”
(MAC) or “Arial” (Windows™). A few notes and warnings in bold are used throughout this guide that
you should be aware of in order to complete certain tasks safely and completely. These notes have
different degrees of importance as described below:
WARNING! Information to prevent
damage to components, damage to
data, or personal injury.
TIP: Tips and useful information for
power (advanced) computer users.
CAUTION! Information on actions that
must be avoided to prevent damage to
components, damage to data, or personal injury.
NOTE: Tips and information to aid in
completing a task.
Text enclosed in < > or [ ] represents a key on the keyboard; do not actually type the <
> or [ ] and the enclosed letters.
12
2. Knowing the Parts
Top Side
Bottom Side
Left Side
Right Side
Rear Side
Front Side
13
2
Knowing the Parts
Top Side
Refer to the diagram below to identify the components on the top side of the Notebook PC.
Display Panel
Status Indicators
Microphone
1
A
S
Status Indicators
Power Switch /
Instant Keys
Keyboard
Touchpad
Touchpad Buttons
CD Control Buttons
(see section 3)
Opening the Display Panel
One spring-loaded latch on the front of the Notebook PC locks the display panel in the closed position
when the Notebook PC is not in use. To open the display panel, slide the button with your thumb and
lift up the display panel with the same thumb. Slowly tilt the display panel forward or backward to a
comfortable viewing angle.
WARNING! When opening, do not force the display panel down to the table or else the
hinges may break! Never lift the Notebook PC by the display panel!
14
Knowing the Parts
2
Display Panel
The display panel functions the same as a desktop monitor. The Notebook PC uses an active matrix
TFT LCD, which provides excellent viewing like that of desktop monitors. Unlike desktop monitors,
the LCD panel does not produce any radiation or flickering, so it is easier on the eyes.
Display Panel Care
The LCD screen is very delicate and requires careful handling. Pay attention to the following precautions:
•
•
•
•
•
When not in use, keep the display panel closed to prevent dust accumulation.
Do not use chemical cleaners on the screen. Wipe only with a dry cloth or tissue.
Do not put your fingers or any objects directly on the screen.
Do not press or lay any objects on the machine when it is closed.
Do not carry the Notebook PC with small or sharp objects (e.g. paper clips or staples) that may
enter the Notebook PC and scratch the display panel.
Status Indicators
Status indicator details are described in section 3.
Microphone
The built-in microphone provides a source for general note taking, voice mail recording, or for use with
Internet phone software. An external microphone connection is also provided for use with your own
audio input device.
Power Switch
The power switch allows powering ON and OFF the Notebook PC and recovering from STD. Push the
switch once to turn ON and once to turn OFF the Notebook PC.
Instant Launch Keys
Allows you to turn ON your Notebook PC (if necessary) and launch an application with one button.
This is similar to those on PDAs. Details provided later in this manual.
Keyboard
The keyboard provides full-sized keys with comfortable travel (depth at which the keys can be depressed) and palm rest for both hands. Two Windows™ function keys are provided to help ease navigation in the Windows™ operating system.
Touchpad and Buttons
The touchpad with its buttons is a pointing device that provides the same functions as a desktop mouse.
A software-controlled scrolling function is available after setting up the included touchpad utility to
allow easy Windows or web navigation.
15
2
Knowing the Parts
Bottom Side
Refer to the diagram below to identify the components on the bottom side of the Notebook PC.
Air Vent &
Cooling Fan
Memory /
Mini-PCI
Compartment
Reset Button
Battery Pack
Battery Lock
WARNING! The bottom of the Notebook PC can get very hot. Be careful when handling the Notebook PC while it is in operation or recently been in operation. High
temperatures are normal during charging or operation. DO NOT PUT THE NOTEBOOK
PC ON THE LAP OR OTHER PARTS OF THE BODY TO AVOID INJURY FROM THE HEAT.
16
Knowing the Parts
2
The following describes the components on the bottom side of the Notebook PC as shown by the
illustration on the previous page.
Air Vent and Cooling Fan
The cooling fan turns ON when the temperature rises past a set threshold. The cooling fan is an extra
feature needed for upgrading to faster processors in the future. The air vents allow cool air to enter and
warm air to exit the Notebook PC. Do not block the air vents or else overheating may occur!
Memory Compartment
The memory compartment contains 2 SO-DIMM slots for memory installation. There are no onboard
memory so at least one memory module must be installed. Memory installation/upgrades must be done
by an authorized retailer or else warranty will be void.
Mini-PCI
Mini-PCI is used for Notebook PC expansion cards in the same way PCI cards are used in desktop PCs.
This expansion method is strictly for proprietary (manufacture designed) components.
reset
Reset Button
The reset button is used for resetting the Notebook PC if <CTRL><ALT><DEL> or turning OFF the
power does not respond. To use this function, momentarily depress the button within the hole with a
pen or paper clip and the Notebook PC will restart. Do not use a pencil since the tip may break off in the
hole.
Battery Pack
The battery pack is actually combined with the Notebook PC’s surface in order to reduce thickness.
When the battery is released, the surface and battery pack will be seen as a single unit. The battery pack
cannot be further disassembled and must be replaced as a single unit.
L
Battery Lock
The battery is held by a spring lock and a manual lock. The spring loaded latch automatically locks the
battery pack when inserted. The manual lock is for added security to prevent the battery pack from
falling out. Usage details are described in the battery section later in this manual.
17
2
Knowing the Parts
Left Side
Refer to the diagram below to identify the components on the left side of the Notebook PC.
2 PC Card (PCMCIA) Sockets
Fast IrDA
Port
IO Port 2 IEEE 1394
Ports
Audio In Mic-In Head-Out
Battery Compartment
(see bottom side)
PC Card (PCMCIA) Socket and Eject
Two PCMCIA 2.1 compliant sockets for two type I/II or one type III PC card is available. The sockets
support 32-bit CardBus. This allows accommodation of Notebook PC expansion options such as memory
cards, ISDN, SCSI, Smart Cards, and wireless network adapters.
Fast Infrared Port (IrDA)
The fast infrared (IrDA) communication port allows convenient wireless data communication with
infrared-equipped devices or computers up to 4 Mbits/sec. This allows easy wireless synchronization
with PDAs or mobile phones and even wireless printing to printers. If your office supports IrDA networking, you can have wireless connection to a network anywhere provided there is a direct line of
sight to an IrDA node. Small offices can use IrDA technology to share a printer between several closely
placed Notebook PCs and even send files to each other without a network.
IO Port
The IO port supports the 9-pin D-sub serial port adapter for serial devices such as a drawing tablet,
serial mouse, PDA cradle, cellular phone link.
1394
IEEE1394 Port
IEEE1394 is a high speed serial bus like SCSI but has simple connections and hot-plugging capabilities
like USB. The interface IEEE1394 has a bandwidth of 100-400 Mbits/sec and can handle up to 63 units
on the same bus. It is very likely that IEEE1394, together with USB, will replace Parallel, IDE, SCSI,
and EIDE ports. IEEE1394 is also used in high-end digital equipment and should be marked “DV” for
Digital Video port.
Audio In
Audio input allows feeding in audio from another source in order to listen to it using the Notebook PC’s
speakers or to use it for digital multimedia files.
Microphone Jack (Mic-In)
The mono microphone jack can be used to connect an external microphone or output signals from audio
devices. Using this jack automatically disables the built-in microphone.
Headphone Jack (Head-Out)
The stereo headphone jack is used to connect the Notebook PC’s audio out signal to amplified speakers
or headphones. Using this jack automatically disables the built-in speakers.
18
Knowing the Parts
2
Right Side
Refer to the diagram below to identify the components on the right side of the Notebook PC.
Floppy Disk Drive Optical Drive
Eject
Volume Control
Parallel Port
TV-Out
DC Power
Input Jack
Floppy Disk Drive
This is a standard 1.44MB floppy disk drive with Japanese 3-mode floppy support. Floppy disk activity
should be seen through the activity LED above the keyboard. Unlike desktop PC floppy disk drives, the
eject button of the Notebook PC is on top of the opening to allow easy floppy ejection from the top.
Optical Drive
The Notebook PC comes in several optical drive models. Choose from CD-ROM, CD-RW, DVDROM, or DVD-ROM + CD-RW combo.
Optical Drive Eject and Emergency Eject
The CD/DVD-ROM eject is an electronic eject button for opening the tray. You can also eject the CD/
DVD through the software CD/DVD player or by right clicking the CD/DVD drive in Windows™ “My
Computer.” The emergency eject is used to eject a CD/DVD in case the electronic eject does not work.
Do not use this in place of the electronic eject.
Parallel Port
The 25-pin D-sub parallel/printer port supports parallel devices such as printers, hard drives, removable
drives, or scanners.
TV
TV-Out Port
For times when you need a really big display, try the TV-Out function. TV-Out allows a high definition
connection to a television or video projection device using a Super VHS (S-Video) cable (not provided). An adapter is provided for use with RCA inputs available on all standard video devices. This
port support NTSC or PAL formats.
DC IN
DC Power Input Jack
The supplied power adapter converts AC power to DC power for use with this jack. Power supplied
through this jack supplies power to the Notebook PC and charges the internal battery pack. To prevent
damage to the Notebook PC and battery pack, always use the supplied power adapter.
19
2
Knowing the Parts
Rear Side
Refer to the diagram below to identify the components on the rear side of the Notebook PC.
LAN Port
(RJ-45)
Modem Port
(RJ-11)
Air Vent
Cooling
Fan
External
Expansion
Port
External
Monitor Port
USB
Ports
PS/2 Kensington®
Port Lock Port
The following describes the components on the rear side of the Notebook PC as shown by the illustration above.
Air Vent and Cooling Fan
The cooling fan turns ON when the temperature rises past a set threshold. The cooling fan is an extra
feature needed for upgrading to faster processors in the future. The air vents allow cool air to enter and
warm air to exit the Notebook PC. Do not block the air vents or else overheating may occur!
Modem Port
The RJ-11 telephone port supports an RJ-11 telephone cable. The internal modem supports up to 56K
V.90 transfers. The built-in connector allows convenient use without a dongle.
WARNING! The built-in modem does not support the voltage used in digital phone
systems. Do not connect the modem port to a digital phone system or else damage
will occur to the Notebook PC.
LAN Port
The RJ-45 LAN port supports an RJ-45 Ethernet cable. The internal LAN supports 10Base-T or 100BaseTX standard or duplex networks. The built-in connector allows convenient use without a dongle.
External Expansion Port
The External Expansion Port is for connection to an optional Portbar II or PortDock II to provide a
docking solution to desktop peripherals and expansion options to various drive modules. More details
given later.
20
Knowing the Parts
2
External Monitor Port
The 15-pin D-sub monitor port supports a standard VGA-compatible device such as a monitor or projector to allow viewing on a larger external display.
USB Ports
Universal Serial Bus (USB) supports many USB compatible devices such as keyboards, pointing devices, video cameras, modems, hard disk drives, printers, monitors, and scanners connected in a series
up to 12Mbits/sec. USB allows up to 127 devices to run simultaneously on a single computer, with
peripherals such as USB keyboards and some newer monitors acting as additional plug-in sites or hubs.
USB supports hot-swapping of devices so that peripherals can be connected or disconnected while the
Notebook PC is ON.
PS/2 Port
The PS/2 port is for connecting an external PS/2 mouse or PS/2 keyboard to the Notebook PC if you do
not want to use the built-in pointing device and keyboard. Simultaneous use of two PS/2 devices requires an optional PS/2 Y-adapter. It is recommended that you use either a USB mouse or a USB
keyboard so that dual PS/2 connections are not required.
K
Kensington® Lock Port
The Kensington® lock port allows the Notebook PC to be secured using Kensington® compatible Notebook PC security products. These security products usually include a metal cable and lock that prevent
the Notebook PC to be removed from a fixed object. Some security products may also include a motion
detector to sound an alarm when moved.
21
2
Knowing the Parts
Front Side
Refer to the diagram below to identify the components on the front side of the Notebook PC.
Display Panel Latch
Audio Speaker
CD Control Buttons
Audio Speaker
Display Panel Latch
One display panel latch is used to lock the display panel in the closed position.
Audio Speaker
The built-in speaker allows you to hear audio without additional attachments. The multimedia sound
system features an integrated digital audio controller that produces rich, vibrant sound in high quality
16-bit stereo (when used with external stereo headphones or speakers). All audio features are software
controlled.
CD Control Buttons
(described in section 3)
22
3. Getting Started
Using the Battery Pack
Operating Systems
Power Connection
Powering ON The Notebook PC
Power Management - Stand By and Hibernate
Restarting or Rebooting
Powering OFF The Notebook PC
Using the Keyboard
Instant Launch Keys and Status Indicators
23
3
Getting Started
Using the Battery Pack
Installing and Removing the Battery Pack
Your Notebook PC may or may not have its battery pack installed. If your Notebook PC does not have
its battery pack installed, there will be a large opening at the bottom of the Notebook PC. Use the
following procedures to install or remove the battery pack.
To install the battery pack:
1. Insert the battery pack until it clicks into place.
To remove the battery pack:
1. Slide the Battery Lock to Unlock.
2. Slide the Battery Release outwards and pull the battery pack out.
Battery Lock
Battery Release
WARNING! Never attempt to remove the battery pack while the Notebook PC is turned
ON, as this may result in the loss of working data.
WARNING! Only use battery packs and power adapters supplied with this Notebook
PC or specifically approved by the manufacturer or retailer for use with this model.
24
Getting Started
3
Charging the Battery Pack
Before you use your Notebook PC on the road, you will have to charge the battery pack. The battery
pack begins to charge as soon as the Notebook PC is connected to external power. Fully charge the
battery pack before using it for the first time. A new battery pack must completely charge before the
Notebook PC is disconnected from external power. When the battery power is low, the battery power
LED will blink. It takes a few hours to fully charge the battery when the Notebook PC is turned OFF
and may take twice the time when the Notebook PC is turned ON. The battery charge light turns OFF
when the battery pack is charged.
Battery Care
The Notebook PC’s battery pack, like all rechargeable batteries, has a limit on the number times it can
be recharged. Fully draining and charging the battery once a day every day will last over a year but how
long beyond that will depend on your environment temperature, humidity, and how your Notebook PC
is used. It is ideal that the battery be used in a temperature range between 10˚C and 29˚C (50˚F and
85˚F). You must also take into account that the Notebook PC’s internal temperature is higher than the
outside temperature. Any temperatures above or below this range will shorten the life of the battery.
But in any case, the battery pack’s usage time will eventually decrease and a new battery pack must be
purchased from an authorized dealer for this Notebook PC. Because batteries also have a shelf life, it is
not recommended to buy extras for storing.
Operating Systems
This Notebook PC may offer (depending on territory) its customers the choice of a pre-installed operating system such as Microsoft Windows ME (Millennium Edition), Windows 2000, or Windows
XP. The choices and languages will depend on the territory. The levels of hardware and software support may vary depending on the installed operating system. Operating systems not pre-installed on this
Notebook PC may produce different results than the ones described in the provided user’s manuals.
The stability and compatibility of other operating systems cannot be guaranteed.
Support Software
This Notebook PC comes with a support CD that provides BIOS, drivers and applications to enable
hardware features, extend functionality, help manage your Notebook PC, or add functionality not provided by the native operating system. If updates or replacement of the support CD is necessary, contact
your dealer for web sites to download individual software drivers and utilities.
The support CD contains all drivers, utilities and software for all popular operating systems including
those that have been pre-installed. The support CD does not include the operating system itself. The
support CD is necessary even if your Notebook PC came pre-configured in order to provide additional
software not included as part of the factory pre-install.
A recovery CD is optional and includes an image of all the drivers and utilities included on the factory
installed hard drive as well as the operating system itself. The recovery CD provides a comprehensive
recovery solution that quickly restores the Notebook PC’s operating system and software to its original
working state provided that your hard disk drive is in good working order. Contact your retailer if you
require such a solution.
25
3
Getting Started
Power Connection
Your Notebook PC comes with a universal AC-DC adapter. That means that you may connect the
power cord to any 110V-120V as well as 220V-240V outlets without setting switches or using power
converters. Different countries may require that an adapter be used to connect the provided US-standard AC power cord to a different standard. Most hotels will provide universal outlets to support different power cords as well as voltages. It is always best to ask an experienced traveler about AC outlet
voltages when bringing power adapters to another country.
TIP: You can buy travel kits for the Notebook PC that includes power and modem
adapters for almost every country.
With the AC power cord connected to the AC-DC converter, connect the AC power cord to an AC outlet
(preferably with surge-protection) and then connect the DC plug to the Notebook PC. Connecting the
AC-DC adapter to the AC outlet first allows you to test the AC outlet’s power and the AC-DC converter
itself for compatibility problems before connecting the DC power to the Notebook PC. The green
power LED on the adapter lights up if the power is within accepted ranges.
WARNING! Damage may occur if you use a different adapter to power the Notebook
PC or use the Notebook PC’s adapter to power other electrical devices. If there is
smoke, burning scent, or extreme heat coming from the AC-DC adapter, seek servicing. Seek servicing if you suspect a faulty AC-DC adapter. You may damage both your
battery pack(s) and the Notebook PC with a faulty AC-DC adapter.
NOTE: This Notebook PC may come with either a two or three-prong plug depending
on territory. If a three-prong plug is provided, you must use a grounded AC outlet or
use a properly grounded adapter to ensure safe operation of the Notebook PC.
DC Power Plug
Connect this end of the
power cord to the
AC-DC converter
AC-DC
Converter
26
Plug the “AC Power
Cord” into an
electrical outlet
Getting Started
3
Powering ON The Notebook PC
The Notebook PC’s power-ON message appears on the screen followed by a short beep when you turn it
ON. If necessary, you may adjust the brightness by using the hot keys. If you need to run the BIOS Setup
to set or modify the system configuration, press [F2] upon bootup to enter the BIOS Setup. If you press
[Tab] during the splash screen, standard boot information such as the BIOS version can be seen. Press
[ESC] and you will be presented with a boot menu with selections to boot from your available drives.
WARNING! Never turn OFF or reset your Notebook PC while the hard disk or floppy
disk is in use and the activity LED is flashing; doing so can result in loss or destruction of your data. To protect the hard disk drive, always wait at least 5 seconds after
turning OFF your Notebook PC before turning it back ON.
NOTE: Before bootup, the display panel flashes when the power is turned ON. This is
part of the Notebook PC’s test routine and is not a problem with the display.
The Power-On Self Test (POST)
When you turn ON the Notebook PC, it will first run through a series of software-controlled diagnostic
tests called the Power-On Self Test (POST). The software that controls the POST is installed as a
permanent part of the Notebook PC’s architecture. The POST includes a record of the Notebook PC’s
hardware configuration, which is used to make a diagnostic check of the system. This record is created
by using the BIOS Setup program. If the POST discovers a difference between the record and the
existing hardware, it will display a message on the screen prompting you to correct the conflict by
running BIOS Setup. In most cases the record should be correct when you receive the Notebook PC.
When the test is finished, you may get a message reporting “No operating system found” if the hard
disk was not preloaded with an operating system. This indicates that the hard disk is correctly detected
and ready for the installation of a new operating system.
The S.M.A.R.T. (Self Monitoring and Reporting Technology) checks the hard disk drive during POST
and gives a warning message if the hard disk drive requires servicing. If any critical hard disk drive
warning is given during bootup, backup your data immediately and run Windows disk checking program.
To run Window’s disk checking program: (1) right-click any hard disk drive icon in “My Computer”, (2)
choose Properties, (3) click the Tools tab, (4) click Check Now, (5) select a hard disk drive, (6) select
Thorough to also check for physical damages, and (7) click Start. Third party disk utilities such as Symantec’s
Norton Disk Doctor can also perform the same functions but with greater ease and more features.
WARNING! If warnings are still given during bootup after running a software disk
checking utility, you should take your Notebook PC in for servicing. Continued use
may result in data loss.
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3
Getting Started
Power Management - Stand By and Hibernate
Power management settings can be found in the Windows control panel.
The following shows the power options properties in Windows ME. You
can define Stand By or Power Off for closing the display panel, pressing
the power button, or activating sleep mode. Basically Stand by and Hibernate saves power when your Notebook PC is not in use by turning OFF
certain components. When you resume your work, your last status (such
as a document scrolled down half way or email typed half way will reappear as if you never left. Power Off will close all applications and ask if
you want to save your work if any are not saved.
Stand By is the same as Suspend-to-RAM (STR). This function stores your
current data and status in RAM while many components are turned OFF.
Because RAM is volatile, it requires power to keep (refresh) the data.
Hibernate is the same as Suspend-to-Disk (STD) and stores your current
data and status on the hard disk drive. By doing this, RAM does not have
to be refreshed and power consumption is greatly reduced but not completely eliminated because certain wake-up components like LAN and
modem needs to remain powered.
Restarting or Rebooting
After making changes to your operating system, you may be prompted to restart the system. Some
installation processes will provide a dialog box to allow restart. To restart the system manually:
Click the Start button and select Shut Down | and choose Restart.
In case the operating system hangs (stops, freezes, crashes), try the following in this order:
1. Try a “warm boot” by pressing the [Ctrl][Alt][Del] keys simultaneously. (You may try a few times.)
2. If warm booting fails to work, you can press the reset button located in a small hole on the bottom of
the Notebook PC with a pen, mechanical pencil, or paper clip. (Do not use a standard pencil because
the tip may break off in the hole.)
Powering OFF the Notebook PC
For operating systems equipped with ACPI (Windows ME/2000), the Notebook PC can be powered
OFF by using Start | Shut Down... | Shut down. For operating systems without proper power management (DOS, Windows NT), you must power OFF the Notebook PC by holding the power switch for 2
seconds (as opposed to 1 second to power ON) after closing applications and exiting operating systems.
This is necessary in order to prevent accidental power-OFFs.
28
Getting Started
3
Using the Keyboard
Colored Hot Keys
The following defines the colored hot keys on the Notebook PC’s keyboard. The colored commands can only
be accessed by first pressing and holding the function key while pressing a key with a colored command.
NOTE: The Hot Key locations on the function keys may vary depending on model but the functions
should remain the same. Follow the icons instead of the function keys (F1, F5, F6, etc.)
“Z” Icon (F1): Places the Notebook PC in suspend mode (either Save-to-RAM or Saveto-Disk depending on sleep button setting in power management setup).
Filled Sun Icon (F5): Decreases the display brightness
Open Sun Icon (F6): Increases the display brightness
LCD Icon (F7): Toggles the display panel ON and OFF. This also stretches your screen
area to fill the entire display when using low resolution modes.
LCD/MonitorTV Icons (F8): Toggles between the Notebook PC’s LCD display, an
external monitor, and TV in this series: Notebook PC LCD -> External Monitor -> TV.
(This function does not work in 256 Colors, select High Color in Display Property Settings.)
IMPORTANT: Connect an external monitor before booting up the Notebook PC.
Speaker Icons (F10): Toggles the speakers ON and OFF (only in Windows OS)
Down Speaker Icon (F11): Decreases the speaker volume (only in Windows OS)
Up Speaker Icon (F12): Increases the speaker volume (only in Windows OS)
Num Lk (Ins): Toggles the numeric keypad (number lock) ON and OFF. Allows you to
use a larger portion of the keyboard for number entering.
Scr Lk (Del): Toggles the “Scroll Lock” ON and OFF. Allows you to use a larger portion
of the keyboard for cell navigation.
NOTE: Hot Keys work only on the Notebook PC’s own keyboard and not on any externally connected keyboards.
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3
Getting Started
Instant Launch Keys and Status Indicators
1
A
s
Status Indicators (Externally Visible)
Power Indicator
The green LED lights to indicate that the Notebook PC is turned ON and blink when the Notebook PC
is in the Suspend-to-RAM (Standby) mode. This LED is OFF when the Notebook PC is OFF or in the
Suspend-to-Disk (Hibernation) mode.
Charge Indicator
The charge indicator LED shows the status of the battery’s power as follows:
ON: Battery charging
Blinking: Battery power lower than 10%
Off: Battery is charged or completely drained
Email Indicator
Flashes when there is one or more new email(s) in your email program’s inbox. This function requires
software setup and may not be currently configured on your Notebook PC. This function is designed
for Microsoft email software only and may not work with email software from other companies.
Wireless LAN Indicator
Flashes when there are packets transmitted or received by the internal wireless LAN. This LED requires the optional internal wireless LAN to function.
30
Getting Started
3
Instant Launch Keys
Email Launch Key
Pressing this button will launch your Email application. If your Notebook PC is OFF while pressing
this button, this function will first turn ON your Notebook PC.
Internet Launch Key
Pressing this button will launch your Internet browser application. If your Notebook PC is OFF while
pressing this button, this function will first turn ON your Notebook PC.
Programmable Launch Keys
Pressing this button will launch your programmed software application. If your Notebook PC is OFF
while pressing this button, this function will first turn ON your Notebook PC. See the Driver and Utility
manual for more information.
NOTE: A utility must be installed in order to use the “Instant Launch Keys”. See the
“Driver and Utility” User’s Manual for more information.
Status Indicators (Internal Only)
Activity Indicator
Indicates that the Notebook PC is accessing one or more storage device(s) such as the hard disk or
optical storage drive. The light flashes proportional to the access time.
1
Number Lock
Indicates that number lock [Num Lk] is activated when lighted. Number lock allows some of the keyboard letters to act as numbers for easier numeric data input.
A
Capital Lock
Indicates that capital lock [Caps Lock] is activated when lighted. Capital lock allows some of the
keyboard letters to type using capitalized letters (e.g. A, B, C). When the capital lock light is OFF, the
typed letters will be in the lower case form (e.g. a,b,c).
s
Scroll Lock
Lights to indicate that “Scroll Lock” is enabled. Toggle ON/OFF using [Fn Scr Lk]. Allows you to use
a larger portion of the keyboard for spreadsheet cell navigation.
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3
Getting Started
Microsoft Windows™ Keys
There are two special Windows™ keys on the keyboard as described below.
The key with the Windows™ Logo activates the Start menu located at the bottom left of the
Windows™ desktop.
The other key, that looks like a Windows™ menu with a small cursor, activates the properties menu and is equivalent to pressing the right mouse button on a Windows™ object.
Keyboard as a Numeric Keypad
The numeric keypad is embedded in the keyboard and consists of 15 keys that make number intensive
input more convenient. These dual-purpose keys are labeled in orange on the key caps. Numeric assignments are located at the upper right hand corner of each key as shown in the figure. When the
numeric keypad is engaged by pressing
, the number lock LED lights up. If an external key-
board is connected, pressing the
on the external keyboard enables/disables the NumLock on both
keyboards simultaneously. To disable the numeric keypad while keeping the keypad on an external
keyboard activated, press the
32
keys on the Notebook PC.
Getting Started
3
Keyboard as Cursors
The keyboard can be used as cursors while Number Lock is ON or OFF in order to increase navigation
ease while entering numeric data in spreadsheets or similar applications.
and one of the cursor keys shown below. For example [Fn][8] for
With Number Lock OFF, press
up, [Fn][K] for down, [Fn][U] for left, and [Fn][O] for right.
With Number Lock ON, use [Shift] and one of the cursor keys shown below. For example [Shift][8]
for up, [Shift][K] for down, [Shift][U] for left, and [Shift][O] for right.
NOTE: The capital lock LED lights up when Number Lock is ON and turn OFF when
Number Lock is OFF.
NOTE: The large bold characters and symbols are printed here for your reference.
They are not labeled on the keyboard as shown here.
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3
Getting Started
CD Control Buttons and Indicator
There are several CD control buttons integrated on the front of the Notebook PC for convenient CD
playing. The buttons activate and control your operating system’s audio player when the Notebook PC
is ON. When your Notebook PC is OFF, the CD control buttons activate an “Audio DJ” function which
allows you to listen to audio CDs even while the Notebook PC is not turned ON. The following defines
the meaning of each CD control button and indicator on the front of the Notebook PC.
1
2
3
4
5
6
1. CD Skip to Previous Track (Rewind)
The first push will restart current track. The second push will skip to the previous track.
2. CD Skip to Next Track (Fast Forward)
Skips to the next track during CD playing.
3. CD Stop
Stops CD playing (while playing).
4. CD Play/Pause
Begins CD playing. While playing, press to pause.
5. CD Power Switch
Turns ON or OFF the Audio DJ CD player while the Notebook PC is OFF.
6. CD Indicator
When the Notebook PC is OFF, an LED shows when the Audio DJ CD player is turned ON (by
using the “CD Power” switch).
34
4. Using the Notebook PC
Pointing Device
Portbar II Accessory (optional)
Optional External Connections
PC Card (PCMCIA) Socket
Modem and Network Connections
IR Wireless Communication
AC Power System
Battery Power System
Power Management Modes
System Memory Expansion
Hard Disk Drive
Processor & Hard Disk Drive Upgrades
Vehicle/Air & Vehicle-Only Power Adapters (optional)
Securing Your Notebook PC (optional)
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4
Using the Notebook PC
Pointing Device
The Notebook PC’s integrated touchpad pointing device is fully compatible with all two/three-button and
scrolling knob PS/2 mice. The touchpad is pressure sensitive and contains no moving parts; therefore,
mechanical failures can be avoided. A device driver is still required for working with some application
software. See the Driver & Utility Guide for information on drivers and utilities for the touchpad.
Using the Touchpad
Light pressure with the tip of your finger is all that is required to operate the touchpad. Because the
touchpad is electrostatic sensitive, objects cannot be used in place of your fingers. The touchpad’s
primary function is to move the cursor around or select items displayed on the screen with the use of
your fingertip. The following illustrations demonstrate proper use of the touchpad.
Moving the cursor - Place your finger in the center of the touchpad and do the following to move the
cursor:
Up - Slide your finger forward
Left - Slide you finger to the left
Down - Slide your finger backward
Right - Slide your finger to the right
Touchpad Usage Illustrations
36
Scroll Up
Scroll Down
(press and hold the upper cursor button)
(press and hold the lower cursor button)
Using the Notebook PC
4
Clicking/Tapping - With the cursor over an item, press the left button or use your fingertip to touch the
touchpad lightly, keeping your finger on the touchpad until the item is selected. The selected item will
change color. The following 2 examples produce the same results.
Clicking
Tapping
(press the left cursor button and release)
(lightly but rapidly strike the touchpad)
Double-clicking/Double-tapping - This is a common skill for launching a program directly from the
corresponding icon you select. Move the cursor over the icon you wish to execute, press the left button
or tap the pad twice in rapid succession, and the system launches the corresponding program. If the
interval between the clicks or taps is too long, the operation will not be executed. You can set the
double-click speed using the Windows Control Panel “Mouse.” The following 2 examples produce the
same results.
Double-Clicking
Double-Tapping
(press the left button twice and release)
(lightly but rapidly strike the touchpad twice)
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4
Using the Notebook PC
Dragging - Dragging means to pick up an item and place it anywhere on the screen you wish. You can
move the cursor over the item you select, and while keeping the left button depressed, moving the cursor
to the desired location, then release the button. Or, you can simply double-tap on the item and hold while
dragging the item with your fingertip. The following 2 examples produce the same results.
Dragging-Clicking
Dragging-Tapping
(hold left button and slide finger on touchpad)
(lightly strike the touchpad twice, sliding finger
on touchpad during second strike)
NOTE: A software-controlled scrolling function is available after setting up the included
touchpad utility to allow easy Windows or web navigation. Basic functions can be adjusted at the Windows control panel to allow comfortable clicking and tapping.
Caring for the Touchpad
The touchpad is pressure sensitive. If not properly cared for, it can be easily damaged. Take note of the
following precautions.
•
•
•
•
Make sure the touchpad does not come into contact with dirt, liquids or grease.
Do not touch the touchpad if your fingers are dirty or wet.
Do not rest heavy objects on the touchpad or the touchpad buttons.
Do not scratch the touchpad with your finger nails or any hard objects.
NOTE: The touchpad responds to movement not to force. There is no need to tap the
surface too hard. Tapping too hard does not increase the responsiveness of the touchpad. The touchpad responds best to light pressure.
38
Using the Notebook PC
4
Inserting an optical disc
1. While the Notebook PC’s power is ON, press
the drive’s eject button and the tray will eject
out partially.
2. Gently pull on the drive’s front panel and slide the
tray completely out. Be careful not to touch the
CD drive lens and other mechanisms. Make sure
there are no obstructions that may get jammed under the drive’s tray.
3. Hold the disc by the edge and face the disc’s
printed side up. Push down on both sides of
the disc’s center until the disc snaps onto the
hub. The hub should be higher than the
disc when correctly mounted.
4. Slowly push the drive’s tray back in. The drive
will begin reading the table of contents (TOC) on
the disc. When the drive stops, the disc is ready to
be used.
NOTE: It is normal to hear as well as feel the CD spinning with great intensity in the
CD drive while data is read.
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4
Using the Notebook PC
Using the CD-ROM Drive
CD-ROM discs and equipment must be handled with care because of the precise mechanics involved.
Keep in mind the important safety instructions from your CD suppliers. Unlike desktop CD-ROM
drives, the Notebook PC uses a hub to hold the CD in place regardless of the angle. When inserting a
CD, it is important that the CD be pressed onto the center hub or else the CD-ROM drive tray will
scratch the CD.
WARNING! If the CD disc is not properly locked onto the center hub, the CD can be
damaged when the tray is closed. Always watch the CD closely while closing the tray
slowly to prevent damage.
DVD-ROM Drive Information
Overview
The Notebook PC comes with an optional DVD-ROM drive or a CD-ROM drive. In order to view
DVD titles, you must install the provided MPEG2 video decoder software and your own DVD viewer
software. Optional DVD viewer software may be purchased with this Notebook PC. The DVD-ROM
drive allows the use of both CD and DVD discs.
Definitions
DVD, which stands for Digital Versatile Disc, is the next generation of optical disc storage technology.
The DVD specification supports discs with capacities from 4.7GB to 17GB and access rates up to
22.16MBytes/s. The Notebook PC’s DVD-ROM drive is only single-sided; double-sided DVD (8.5GB
and higher) requires manually reversing the disc in order to access the reverse side.
DVD is essentially a bigger, faster CD that can hold video as well as audio and computer data. With
these capacities and access rates, DVD discs can provide you with dramatically-enhanced high-color,
full-motion videos, better graphics, sharper pictures, and Dolby® Digital Surround for a theater-like
experience. DVD aims to encompass home entertainment, computers, and business information with a
single digital format, eventually replacing audio CD, videotape, laserdisc, CD-ROM, and perhaps even
video game cartridges. DVD has widespread support from all major electronics companies, all major
computer hardware companies, and most major movie and music studios.
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Using the Notebook PC
4
Software
To meet customer requirements for a complete DVD solution, a software playback solution is provided. The
provided software has been optimized for playback of MPEG2 (Motion Picture Experts Group specifications for data compression) encoded video clips as well as encrypted DVD movie titles. Decoding digital
MPEG2 video is accomplished through software only, eliminating the need for expensive hardware.
Using a CD
A CD drive letter should be present regardless of the presence of a CD disc in the drive. After the CD is
properly inserted, data can be accessed just like with hard disk drives; except that nothing can be
written to or changed on the CD. Using the proper software, a CD-RW drive module or DVD+CD-RW
drive module can allow CD-RW discs to be used like a hard drive with writing, deleting, and editing
capabilities. Vibration is normal for all high-speed CD-ROM drives due to unbalanced CDs or CD
print. To decrease vibration, use the Notebook PC on an even surface and do not place labels on the CD.
Listening to Audio CD
The CD-ROM, CD-RW, and DVD-ROM drives can play audio CDs, but only the DVD-ROM drive can
play DVD audio. Insert the audio CD and Windows™ automatically opens an audio player and begins
playing. Depending on the DVD audio disc and installed software, it may require that you open a DVD
player to listen to DVD audio. You can adjust the volume through the volume control knob on the CD/
DVD-ROM drive face, function keys on the keypad, or by the Windows™ speaker icon on the taskbar.
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4
Using the Notebook PC
Regional Playback Information
Playback of DVD movie titles involves decoding MPEG2 video, digital AC3 audio and decryption of
CSS protected content. CSS (sometimes called copy guard) is the name given to the content protection
scheme adopted by the motion picture industry to satisfy a need to protect against unlawful content
duplication.
Although the design rules imposed on CSS licensors are many, one rule that is most relevant is playback restrictions on regionalized content. In order to facilitate geographically staggered movie releases,
DVD video titles are released for specific geographic regions as defined in “Region Definitions”
below. Copyright laws require that all DVD movies be limited to a particular region (usually coded to
the region at which it is sold). While DVD movie content may be released for multiple regions, CSS
design rules require that any system capable of playing CSS encrypted content must only be capable of
playing one region.
NOTE: The region setting may be changed up to five times using the viewer software,
then it can only play DVD movies for the last region setting. Changing the region code
after that will require factory resetting which is not covered by warranty. If resetting is
desired, shipping and resetting costs will be at the expense of the user.
Region Definitions
Region 1
Canada, US, US Territories
Region 2
Czech, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Gulf States, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Scotland, South Africa, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Syria, Turkey, UK, Greece, Former Yugoslav Republics, Slovakia
Region 3
Burma, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
Region 4
Australia, Caribbean (Except US Territories), Central America, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, South
America
Region 5
CIS, India, Pakistan, Rest of Africa, Russia, North Korea
Region 6
China
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Using the Notebook PC
4
PortBar II Accessory (Optional)
If you require a simple inexpensive docking solution, just use a PortBar to connect your desktop devices and then quickly connect or disconnect all the devices through a single easy-to-use connector.
The PortBar’s Plug & Play feature allows it to be connected or disconnected while the Notebook PC is
ON or OFF (hot-dockable). Except for the device connected to the serial port, other devices should
function normally while hot-dockable. If any device does not function or cannot be seen, you can
refresh devices by: (1) right clicking the “My Computer” icon on the desktop, (2) selecting “Properties”
on the menu, (3) selecting the “Device Manager” tab, (4) clicking the “Refresh” button, and (5) clicking “OK” button to finish.
PortBar II
Triangular icon or
brand name faces up.
(front view)
Monitor Port
PS/2 Mouse or Keyboard
USB Port 1
USB Port 2
LAN (RJ-45)
Your Notebook PC’s power
adapter will only fit into the
60W or the 50W (not both)
depending on the model.
Parallel Port
DC
IN
60W DC Power Pass Through
to the Notebook PC
(rear view)
Cable storage holder
50W DC Power Pass Through
to the Notebook PC
DC IN
PortBar II
Triangular icon
or brand name
faces up.
Press both sides
to release
Docking cable
Continued on next page.
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Using the Notebook PC
Optional External Connections
Monitor Out Connection
Connecting an external monitor is just like on a standard desktop PC. Just plug in the VGA cable and its
ready to use (some Notebook PC configurations may
require additional display driver settings). You can view
the Notebook PC display panel while simultaneously
allowing others to view the external monitor. For large
audiences, try connecting a computer video projector.
Printer Connection
This Notebook PC provides a parallel port that allows
you to connect devices such as injet/laser printers, hard
drives, removable drives, or scanners. Alternatively,
one or more USB printers can be connected directly to
any USB port.
IEEE1394 Connection
IEEE1394 is a high speed serial bus like SCSI but has
simple connections and hot-plugging capabilities like
USB. Up to 63 devices such as hard disk drives, scanners, and removable drives with an IEEE1394 port
can all be connected instead of using traditional Parallel, IDE, SCSI, or EIDE ports. IEEE1394 is also used
in high-end digital equipment and should be marked
“DV” for Digital Video port.
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Using the Notebook PC
4
Optional External Connections (Cont’)
External Audio Connections
The Notebook PC provides easy access for connecting a stereo headphone, mono microphone, and a stereo audio source just like on some personal tape recorders.
Serial COM Port Connection
The Notebook PC provides a serial COM port through
the provided adapter. The serial COM port can be used
for any standard RS232 connections.
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Using the Notebook PC
Optional External Connections (Cont’)
USB ports are provided on both the left and rear sides for connection to USB devices.
External Keyboard Connection
To allow easier data entry, you may connect any USB keyboard as shown here.
External Mouse Connection
A USB mouse can be easily connected to the Notebook PC. The USB mouse will work simultaneously
with the Notebook PC’s touchpad. For extra USB connections, you can purchase either a USB hub or a
keyboard with an integrated USB hub.
46
Using the Notebook PC
4
PC Card (PCMCIA) Socket
The Notebook PC supports PC Cards (or sometimes referred to as PCMCIA cards) to allow expansion
like PCI cards on desktop computers. This allows you to customize your Notebook PC to meet a wide
range of application needs. The PCMCIA socket can interface with type I or type II PC cards. PC cards
are about the size of a few stacked credit cards and have a 68-pin connector at one end. The PC Card
standard accommodates a number of function, communication, and data storage expansion options. PC
cards come in memory/flash cards, fax/modems, networking adapters, SCSI adapters, MPEG I/II decoder cards, Smart Cards, and even wireless modem or LAN cards. The Notebook PC supports PCMCIA
2.1, and 32bit CardBus standards.
The three different PC Card standards actually have different thicknesses. Type I cards are 3.3mm,
Type II cards are 5mm, and Type III cards are 10.5mm thick. Type I and Type II cards can be used in a
single socket and Type III cards take up two sockets. Type III cards are only supported on Notebook
PC’s with two PC card sockets.
PCMCIA Slot (eject
dummy card to use)
Eject Button
32-bit CardBus Support
CardBus support allows PC Cards and their hosts to use 32-bit bus mastering and operate at speeds of
up to 33MHz, transferring data in burst modes comparable with PCI’s 132MB/sec. By comparison, the
standard 16-bit PC Card bus can handle only 20MB/sec. Since the Notebook PC is equipped with
CardBus broader and faster data pathway, it can handle bandwidth-hungry operations, such as 100Mbps
Fast Ethernet, Fast SCSI peripherals, and ISDN-based video conference. The CardBus peripherals
support plug and play.
The CardBus socket is backward-compatible with 16-bit PC Cards serving at 5 volts operation while
CardBus operates at 3.3 volts to reduce power consumption.
47
4
Using the Notebook PC
Inserting a PC Card (PCMCIA)
1. Insert the PC card with the connector side
first. When the PC card is fully inserted, the
PC card bay door can close normally without striking the PC card.
2. Carefully connect any cables or adapters
needed by the PC card. Usually connectors
can only be inserted in one orientation. Look
for a sticker, icon, or marking on one side of
the connector representing the top side.
RT
SE
IN
IS
TH
D
EN
Be sure the PC card is
level when inserting.
Removing a PC Card (PCMCIA)
When PC cards are inserted and running, they draw power
from the Notebook PC even when they are not in use. You
must stop the PC card service to turn the PC card OFF.
CAUTION! Stopping the PC card service is necessary before removing a PC card.
To remove the PC card, first remove all cables or adapters attached to the PC card, then double-click the
PC card icon on the Windows taskbar and stop the PC card you want to remove.
1. Press in the toggle eject button and release. The
recessed spring loaded toggle button will extend when pushed in and released.
48
2. Press the extended button again to eject the
PC Card. Carefully pull the ejected PC card
out of the socket.
Using the Notebook PC
4
Modem and Network Connections
The built-in modem and network model comes with both an RJ-11 and an RJ-45 port. RJ-11 telephone
cables have two or four wires and are used to connect telephones to telephone outlets found in the walls of
residential homes and some commercial buildings (some commercial buildings may have telephone wiring designed for dedicated phone systems that may not be compatible). RJ-45 network cables are found
connecting network computers to network hubs or switches usually found in business environments.
NOTE: The built-in modem and network cannot be installed later as an upgrade. Modem and/or network can be installed as a PC card (PCMCIA).
WARNING! Only use analog telephone outlets. The built-in modem does not support
the voltage used in digital phone systems. Do not connect the RJ-11 to digital phone
systems found in many commercial buildings or else damage will occur!
Modem Connection
The telephone wire used to connect the Notebook PC’s internal modem should have either two or four
wires (only two wires (telephone line #1) is used by the modem) and should have an RJ-11 connector
on both ends. Connect one end to the modem port and the other end to an analog telephone wall socket
(the ones found in residential buildings). Once the driver is setup, the modem is ready to use.
NOTE: When you are connected to an online service, do not place the Notebook PC in
suspend (or sleep mode) or else you will disconnect the modem connection.
Modem Protocols
The Notebook PC with internal modem complies with JATE (Japan), FCC (US, Canada, Korea, Taiwan, and
others), and CTR21 (see related pages for supported countries) for almost worldwide protocol support.
This is an example of the Notebook
PC connected to a telephone jack for
use with the built-in modem.
Telephone cable
with RJ-11 connectors
Telephone
Wall Jack
CAUTION: For electrical
safety concerns, only use
telephone cables rated
26AWG or higher. (see Glossary for more information)
49
4
Using the Notebook PC
Network Connection
Connect a network cable, with RJ-45 connectors on each end, to the modem/network port on the Notebook PC and the other end to a hub or switch. For 100BASE-TX speeds, your network cable must be
category 5 (not category 3) with twisted-pair wiring. If you plan on running the interface at 100Mbps,
it must be connected to a 100BASE-TX hub (not a 100BASE-T4 hub). For 10Base-T, use category 3, 4,
or 5 twisted-pair wiring. Duplex transfers (up to 200Mbps) is supported on this Notebook PC but
requires connection to a switch with “duplex” enabled. The software default is to use the fastest setting
so no user-intervention is required.
Twisted-Pair Cable
The cable used to connect the Ethernet card to a host (generally a Hub or Switch) is called a straightthrough Twisted Pair Ethernet (TPE). The end connectors are called RJ-45 connectors, which are not
compatible with RJ-11 telephone connectors. If connecting two computers together without a hub in
between, a crossover twisted-pair is required.
Network cable with
RJ-45 connectors
Network Hub or Switch
This is an example of the Notebook PC connected
to a Network Hub or Switch for use with the builtin Ethernet controller.
HUB RJ45 Connector
12345678
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Using the Notebook PC
4
IR Wireless Communication
The Notebook PC is equipped with a conveniently located Infrared (IR) Communication Port (see 2.
Knowing the Parts for location). The IR port comes with IrDA (Infrared Data Association) Serial
Infrared Data Link Version 1.1 compliance, that allows you to perform point-to-point wireless communications. You can use a FIR-specified application to transmit or receive data files with other systems
equipped with an infrared port. You must set these modes in the BIOS before you start to install the IR
driver and file-transferring applications. FIR (Fast Infrared) supports up to 4Mbps. See the Drivers and
Utilities Support CD User’s Manual for detailed setup instructions.
Guidelines for using IR communication
Follow the guidelines listed below when using the Infrared (IR) Communication:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Make sure the IR Mode in the BIOS Setup is properly set to the mode you would like to use.
The angle between two Infrared communication ports should not exceed ±15˚.
The distance between the Notebook PC’s IR and target device IR should not exceed 20 inches (50 cm).
Do not move either the Notebook PC or the other device during transmission of data.
An error may occur if IR transmission is conducted with high levels of noise or vibration.
Avoid direct sunlight, flashing incandescent light, florescent light, and other infrared devices such as
remote controls close to the infrared port.
Enabling Infrared
MS Windows ME Infrared connection is called “Wireless Link” and should be enabled by default. Look
for the icon in the Control Panel. See the “Drivers and Utilities” manual for detailed setup instructions.
Windows ME
Windows 2000
Windows XP
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4
Using the Notebook PC
CAUTION! Disable the infrared communication when you are not using the IR for long
periods because the IR consumes a great deal of Windows resources which will decrease the Notebook PC’s performance.
AC Power System
The Notebook PC power is comprised of two parts, the power adapter and the battery power system.
The power adapter converts AC power from a wall outlet to the DC power required by the Notebook
PC. The battery pack consists of a set of battery cells housed together. The AC Adapter’s primary
function is to provide power to the Notebook PC which also charges the battery pack. When the power
adapter is connected to the Notebook PC, it provides power to the Notebook PC and charges the internal battery at the same time as long as it is plugged into an electrical outlet.
CAUTION! To protect your Notebook PC from damage, use only the power adapter
that came with this Notebook PC because each power adapter has its own power
output ratings.
Battery Power System
The Notebook PC is designed to work with a removable battery pack located inside the battery pack
compartment. A fully charged pack will provide several hours of battery life, which can be further
extended by using power management features through the BIOS setup. The battery system implements the Smart Battery standard under the Windows environment, which allows the battery to accurately report the amount of charge percentage left in the battery. Additional battery packs are optional
and can be purchased separately through a Notebook PC retailer. Before using the Notebook PC on
battery power for the first time, check the battery icon in the Windows task bar to make sure that the
battery is fully charged. Charging the battery takes a few hours when the Notebook PC is powered OFF.
Charging the Battery Pack
You can charge the battery pack by using the power adapter. When the power adapter is plugged in, the
inserted battery pack automatically recharges whether your Notebook PC is ON or OFF. It takes a few
hours to receive a full charge when the power is OFF but takes twice as long when the Notebook PC is
in use. When the orange charge LED is flashing, charging is required. The battery is charging when the
orange LED is solid. When the LED is OFF, the battery pack is charged.
NOTE: The battery stops charging if the temperature is too high or the battery voltage
is too high. BIOS provides a smart battery refreshing function.
52
Using the Notebook PC
4
Using Battery Power
A fully-charged battery pack provides the Notebook PC a few hours of working power. But the actual
figure varies depending on how you use the power saving features, your general work habits, the CPU,
system memory size, and the size of the display panel.
Battery power saving modes and low battery power warnings are configurable using Windows and the
provided power management utility.
NOTE: Battery warnings will immediately stop when the power adapter is connected.
Checking Battery Power
To check the remaining battery power, move your cursor over the power icon. The power icon is a “battery” when not using AC power and a “plug” when using AC power. Double click on the icon for more
information and settings.
Power icon using battery.
Power icon using AC power. The charging
(lightning) icon appears over the “plug” icon if the
battery is not fully charged. When fully charged,
only the “plug” icon will remain.
NOTE: If you ignore the low battery warning, eventually the Notebook PC enters suspend mode (Windows default uses STR).
WARNING! Save-to-RAM does not last long when the battery power is depleted. Save
to Disk (STD) is not the same as power OFF. STD requires a small amount of power
and will fail if no power is available due to complete battery depletion or no power
supply (e.g. removing both the power adapter and battery pack).
WARNING! Never attempt to remove the battery pack while the power is ON, or if the
system has not yet entered into the suspend mode as this may result in the data loss.
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4
Using the Notebook PC
Power Management Modes
The Notebook PC has a number of automatic or adjustable power saving features that you can use to
maximize battery life and lower Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). You can control some of these features through the Power menu in the BIOS Setup. ACPI power management settings are made through
the operating system. The power management features are designed to save as much electricity as
possible by putting components into a low power consumption mode as often as possible but also allow
full operation on demand. These low power modes are referred to as Standby (or Suspend-to-RAM)
and Hibernation mode or Suspend-to-Disk (STD). The Standby mode is a simple function provided by
the operating system. When the Notebook PC is in either one of the power saving modes, the status will
be shown by the following: Standby: Power LED Blinks and Hibernation: Power LED OFF.
Full Power Mode & Maximum Performance
The Notebook PC operates in Full Power mode when the power management function is disabled by
configuring Windows power management and Speedstep (see Driver & Utility manual). When the
Notebook PC is operating in Full Power Mode, the Power LED remains ON. If you are conscious of
both system performance and power consumption, select “Maximum Performance” instead of disabling all power management features.
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and Power Management (ACPI) was developed by Intel, Microsoft, and Toshiba
especially for Windows and later to control power management and Plug and Play features. ACPI is the
new standard in power management for Notebook PCs. If installing Windows 98 using a BIOS dated
12/1/1999 or later, ACPI is automatically installed.
NOTE: APM was used in older operating systems like Windows NT4 and Windows 98.
Because newer operating systems like Windows 2000 and Windows ME utilize ACPI,
APM is no longer fully supported on this Notebook PC.
Suspend Mode
In Standby and Hibernation, the CPU clock is stopped and most of the Notebook PC devices are put in
their lowest active state. The suspend mode is the lowest power state of the Notebook PC. The Notebook
PC enters Suspend when the system remains idle for a specified amount of time or manually using the
[Fn][F1] keys. The Power LED blinks when the Notebook PC is in STR mode. In STD mode, the Notebook PC will appear to be powered OFF. Recover from STR by pressing any keyboard button (except
Fn). Recover from STD by using the power switch (just like powering ON the Notebook PC).
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Using the Notebook PC
4
Power Savings
In addition to reducing the CPU clock, this mode puts devices including the LCD backlight in their
lower active state. The Notebook PC enters Standby mode (low priority) when the system remains idle
for a specified amount of time. The timeout can be set through BIOS setup (lower priority) and Windows power management (higher priority). To resume system operation, press any key.
Power State Summary
STATE
ENTRY EVENT
EXIT EVENT
Stand by
• Stand by through Windows Start button,
• Timer as set though “Power Management”
in Windows Control Panel (higher priority)
• Ring indicator
• Sleep button [FN F1]
• Power button
• Battery Extremely Low
• Any device
• Battery low
STR (Standy By)
(Save-to-RAM)
STD (Hibernate)
(Save-to-Disk)
• Any Key
• Power button
Thermal Power Control
There are three power control methods for controlling the Notebook PC’s thermal state. These power
control cannot be configured by the user and should be known in case the Notebook PC should enter
these states. The following temperatures represent the chassis temperature (not CPU).
• The fan turns ON for active cooling when the temperature reaches the safe upper limit.
• The CPU decreases speed for passive cooling when the temperature exceeds the safe upper limit.
• The system shut down for critical cooling when temperature exceeds the maximum safe upper limit.
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4
Using the Notebook PC
System Memory Expansion
Optional memory is required to use this Notebook PC. Additional
memory will increase application performance by decreasing hard disk
access. This is more noticeable on newer software that require more
and more system resources. The Notebook PC comes with no built-in
memory. Two standard 144-pin SO-DIMM (Small Outline Dual Inline
Memory Module) sockets are available for system memory expansion
using common 3.3 Volt 133MHz SDRAM SO-DIMM modules. Currently, SO-DIMM memory sizes
are available in 64MB, 128MB, 256MB, or 512MB for each module. The BIOS automatically detects
the amount of memory in the system and configures CMOS accordingly during the POST (Power-OnSelf-Test) process. There is no hardware or software (including BIOS) setup required after the memory
is installed. Only purchase expansion modules from authorized retailers of this Notebook PC to ensure
compatibility and reliability.
CAUTION! This Notebook PC does not support EDO DRAM.
Hard Disk Drive
Hard disk drives have higher capacities and operate at much faster speeds than floppy disk drives and
CD-ROM drives. Enhanced IDE drives provide a reliable, fast, and cost-effective mass storage solution
in the PC storage industry. The high speed transfer modes supported are UltraATA/100 up to 100MB/
sec and PIO mode 4 up to 16.6MB/sec. The Notebook PC comes with a removable 2.5” (6.35cm) wide
and .374” (.95cm) high UltraATA/100/66 IDE hard disk drive with current capacities up to 30GB.
Current IDE hard drives support S.M.A.R.T. (Self Monitoring and Reporting Technology) to detect
hard disk errors or failures before they happen.
Important Handling Note
Improper handling during transit may damage the hard disk drive. Handle the Notebook PC carefully
and keep it away from static electricity and strong vibrations or impact. The hard disk drive is the most
sensitive component of the Notebook PC and will likely be the first or only component that is damaged
if the Notebook PC is dropped.
Processor & Hard Disk Drive Upgrades
Visit an authorized service center or retailer for processor upgrades.
WARNING! End-user removal of the CPU or hard disk drive will void the warranty.
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Using the Notebook PC
4
Vehicle/Air & Vehicle-Only Power Adapters (Optional)
The main purpose of the vehicle/air or vehicle-only power adapters is to provide a source of power for
using the Notebook PC and/or charging the Notebook PC’s battery from while in transit when no AC
power is available. These products are essential tools for today’s mobile professional. Your purchase will
enhance the power, performance, and versatility of your portable computer while traveling in the air, on the
road, or on the sea.
Vehicle/Air Power Adapter
You can use the Vehicle/Air power adapter in most vehicles, airplanes, or boats. The Vehicle/Air power
adapter has both a cigarette plug and an EmPower plug.
The cigarette plug fits into any vehicle’s 12 volt DC cigarette or utility receptacle and produces an
output of 19 Volts.
The EmPower plug is designed to work with EmPower in-flight airplane power systems. EmPower
systems are currently available on most major airlines. If you are unsure of its availability on your
flight, please consult your airline information services.
Vehicle-Only Power Adapter
The Vehicle-Only power adapter does not have an EmPower plug and can therefore be used only in
vehicles or boats using a standard cigarette lighter socket.
12V EmPower Plug
(Airplanes)
12V Cigarette Plug
(Vehicles/Boats)
Green Power LED
DC Power Plug
(to Notebook PC)
The Vehicle/Air power adapter is shown here. A vehicle-only (automobile or boat) model
is also available which only has a fixed cigarette plug and cannot be used in airplanes.
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Using the Notebook PC
Securing Your Notebook PC (Optional)
For system and hard disk drive security, see BIOS setup “Security”. A third party lock such as the ones
by Kensington® can be used to secure your Notebook PC physically to an unmovable object. The cable
wraps around an object and the “T” shaped end inserts into the Kensington® lock port as shown in this
illustration and a key or combination dial is used to secure the lock in place. For more information, you
can read advertisements in Notebook (sometimes referred to as “Mobile” or “Portable”) PC magazines.
58
5. Configuring the BIOS
BIOS Setup Program
Main Menu
Primary Master
Secondary Master
Advanced Menu
I/O Device Configuration
Security Menu
Power Menu
Boot Menu
Exit Menu
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5
Configuring the BIOS
BIOS Setup Program
This Notebook PC supports a programmable EEPROM that stores the BIOS software and can be updated using the provided flash memory writer utility. This Section will guide you through the BIOS
setup program by providing clear explanations for all the options. A default configuration has already
been set. If you are either installing new devices or expanding main memory, you will need to enter the
BIOS Setup to reconfigure your Notebook PC.
A battery backed-up CMOS RAM is used to record some basic system hardware information: clock,
date, time, the error handling, and etc., even when the power is off. When the Notebook PC is turned
back on, the system is configured with the values stored in the CMOS RAM.
The settings made in the BIOS Setup program intimately affect how the Notebook PC performs. It is
important, therefore, to first understand all the Setup options, and second, to make settings appropriate
for the way you use the Notebook PC.
The BIOS (Basic Input and Output System) Setup is a menu driven software utility that enables you to
make changes to the system configuration and tailor your Notebook PC to reflect installed hardware,
alter performance, and setup power saving functions. BIOS setup is used if you are setting up the
Notebook PC for the first time, reconfiguring your system, or prompted to “Run Setup” during bootup.
This section describes how to configure your system using this utility.
Even if you are not prompted to use the Setup program, at some time in the future you may want to
change the configuration of your Notebook PC. For example, you may want to enable the Security
Password Feature or make changes to the power management settings. It will then be necessary to
reconfigure your system using the BIOS setup program so that the computer can recognize these changes
and record them in the CMOS RAM of the EEPROM.
The Setup program has been designed to make it as easy to use as possible. It is a menu-driven program, which means you can scroll through the various sub-menus and make your selections among the
predetermined choices.
When you start up the computer, press [F2] to call up the Setup utility.
NOTE: Because the BIOS software is constantly being updated, the following BIOS
screens and descriptions are for reference purposes only and may not exactly reflect
your BIOS screens.
60
Configuring the BIOS
5
Updating your BIOS
This Notebook PC supports an easy-to-use BIOS update software called “WINFLASH” which is installed through the provided support CD. If you need help installing or using “WINFLASH”, refer to
the “Driver & Utility Manual”.
BIOS Menu Bar
The top of the screen has a menu bar with the following selections:
MAIN
Use this menu to make changes to the basic system configuration.
ADVANCED Use this menu to enable and make changes to the advanced features
SECURITY Use this menu to set a password to control bootup and control access
to the BIOS setup menu.
POWER
Use this menu to configure and enable Power Management features.
BOOT
Use this menu to configure the default system device used to locate
and load the Operating System.
EXIT
Use this menu to exit the current menu or specify how to exit the Setup program.
To access the menu bar items, press the right or left arrow key on the keyboard until the desired item is
highlighted.
BIOS Legend Bar
At the bottom of the Setup screen you will notice a legend bar. The keys in the legend bar allow you to
navigate through the various setup menus. The following table lists the keys found in the legend bar and
those that are not with their corresponding alternates and functions.
Navigation Key(s) Function Description
[F1] or [Alt H]
[Esc] or [Alt X]
← or → (keypad arrow)
↑ or ↓ (keypad arrows)
– (minus) or [F5]
+ (plus) or [F6] or space
[Enter]
[Home] or [PgUp]
[End] or [PgDn]
[F9]
[F10]
Displays the General Help screen from anywhere in the BIOS Setup
Jumps to the Exit menu or returns to the main menu from a sub-menu
Selects the menu item to the left or right
Moves the highlight up or down between fields
Scrolls backward through the values for the highlighted field
Scrolls forward through the values for the highlighted field
Brings up a selection menu for the highlighted field
Moves the cursor to the first field
Moves the cursor to the last field
Resets the current screen to its Setup Defaults
Saves changes and exits Setup
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5
Configuring the BIOS
General Help
In addition to the Item Specific Help window, the BIOS setup program also provides a General Help
screen. This screen can be called up from any menu by simply pressing [F1] or the [Alt] + [H] combination. The General Help screen lists the legend keys with their corresponding alternates and functions.
Scroll Bar
When a scroll bar appears to the right of a help window, it indicates that there is more information to be
displayed that will not fit in the window. Use [PgUp] and [PgDn] or the up and down arrow keys to
scroll through the entire help document. Press [Home] to display the first page, press [End] to go to the
last page. To exit the help window, press [Enter] or [Esc].
Sub-Menu
Note that a right pointer symbol (as shown in the left view) appears to the left of certain
fields. This pointer indicates that a sub-menu can be launched from this field. A submenu contains additional options for a field parameter. To call up a sub-menu, simply
move the highlight to the field and press [Enter]. The sub-menu will then immediately
appear. Use the legend keys to enter values and move from field to field within a submenu just as you would within a menu. Use the [Esc] key to return to the main menu.
Take some time to familiarize yourself with each of the legend keys and their corresponding functions.
Practice navigating through the various menus and sub-menus. While moving around through the Setup
program, note that explanations appear in the Item Specific Help window located to the right of each
menu. This window displays the help text for the currently highlighted field.
Resetting Your BIOS
If you ever hear “resetting your
BIOS”, it entails pressing [F2] on
bootup to enter BIOS setup and then
selecting Load Setup Defaults on
the “Exit” menu.
62
Item Specific Help
Exit Saving Changes
Exit Discarding Changes
Load Setup Defaults
Discard Changes
Save Changes
Exit setup utility and
save your changes to
CMOS.
Configuring the BIOS
5
Main Menu
When the Setup program is accessed, the main menu screen appears as shown:
Item Specific Help
System Time
System Date
[17:15:00]
[12/28/2001]
Primary Master
Secondary Master
[IC25N030ATDA04-0]
[ASUS SCD-2400]
Video Display Device
TV Display Type
[Auto]
[NTSC]
VGA Shared Memory Size
[16MB]
Installed Memory
CPU Speed
128 MB
950 MHz
<Enter> to select field;
<+>,<-> to change value.
NOTE: In the following BIOS item descriptions, the item headings in square brackets
represent the default settings for those fields.
System Time
Sets your system to the time that you specify (usually the current time). The format is hour, minute,
second. Insert the appropriate information. Use the [Tab] or [Shift Tab] keys to move between the hour,
minute, and second fields.
System Date
Sets your system to the date that you specify (usually the current date). The format is month, day, year.
Type in the appropriate information. Use the [Tab] or [Shift Tab] keys to move between the month, day,
and year fields.
>Primary Master (described later)
>Secondary Master (described later)
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5
Configuring the BIOS
Video Display Device [Auto]
This field allows you to select and enable video display devices, such as an LCD panel, an external
CRT/LCD monitor, or both. The configuration options are: [Auto] [CRT only] [LCD] [TV]
TV Display Type [NTSC]
This sets the video synchronization mode for your video output device (television or video projector).
The setting depends on the territory that your video output device is manufactured for. The configuration options are: [NTSC] [PAL]
VGA Shared Memory Size [16 MB]
This field allows you to set the amount of memory allocated to the onboard graphics. The built-in
graphics utilizes a shared memory architecture. This means that the graphics chip does not have its own
video memory but instead borrows some memory from the system memory. You can increase the amount
of memory allocated to the graphics chip to improve graphics performance if you have enough system
memory available. The configuration options are: [8MB] [16MB] [32MB]
Installed Memory [128 MB] (display field)
This field displays the amount of extended memory as detected by the system. Unfortunately, this will
not tell you how much is onboard and how much is added to the SO-DIMM socket. You must visually
inspect the SO-DIMM socket if you are considering expanding your memory. You cannot make changes
to this field. This is a display only field.
CPU Speed [950 MHz] (display field)
This field displays the speed of the CPU. This will vary depending on your Notebook PC model.
64
Configuring the BIOS
5
Primary Master (sub-menu)
This field is used to configure the primary IDE drive installed in the system. To configure a hard disk
drive, select this sub-menu from the Main menu and press the Enter key to enter this sub-menu.
Primary Master
[IC25N030ATDA04-0]
Type:
[Auto]
Cylinders
Heads
Sectors
CHS Capacity
Maximum LBA Capacity
[ 1024]
[255]
[63]
8422MB
30005MB
Multi-Sector Transfers
SMART Monitoring
PIO Mode
Ultra DMA Mode
[Maximum]
[Disabled]
[4]
[5]
Item Specific Help
<Enter> to select the
type of the IDE drive.
[User Type HDD] allows
you to set each entry on
your own.
WARNING: Ultra DMA mode
3/4/5 can be enabled
only when BIOS detects
shielded 80-pin cable.
NOTE: Before attempting to configure a hard disk drive, make sure you have the configuration information supplied by the manufacturer of the drive. Incorrect settings
may cause your system to not recognize the installed hard disk. To allow the BIOS to
detect the drive type automatically, select [AUTO].
Type: [Auto]
Select Auto to automatically detect an IDE type drive. This option only works with standard built-in
IDE drives. If automatic detection is successful, the correct values will be filled in for the remaining
fields on this sub-menu.
To configure a drive manually, select User Type HDD. Manually enter the number of cylinders, heads
and sectors per track for your drive. Refer to your drive documentation or look on the drive for this
information. If no drive is installed or if you are removing a drive and not replacing it, select None. Set
the type to CD-ROM to support a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive.
Translation Method
Translation method allows you to select the sector addressing method. Match Partition Table is recommended if there is already an OS on the hard drive you are installing to this Notebook PC. Manual
allows you to specify cylinders, heads, and sectors. [LBA] When Logical Block Addressing is enabled,
28-bit addressing of the hard drive is used without regard for cylinders, heads, or sectors. Note that
Logical Block Access may decrease the access speed of the hard disk. However, LBA Mode is necessary for drives with greater than 504MB in storage capacity. The configuration options are: [LBA]
[LARGE] [Normal] [Match Partition Table] [Manual]
65
5
Configuring the BIOS
Cylinders [
]
This field configures the number of cylinders. Refer to your drive documentation to determine the correct value
to enter into this field. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to User Type HDD and
“Translation Method” must be set to Manual.
Heads [
]
This field configures the number of read/write heads. Refer to your drive documentation to determine the correct
value to enter into this field. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to User Type
HDD and “Translation Method” must be set to Manual.
Sectors [
]
This field configures the number of sectors per track. Refer to your drive documentation to determine
the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to
User Type HDD and “Translation Method” must be set to Manual.
CHS Capacity [
]
This field shows the drive’s CHS capacity calculated automatically by the BIOS from the drive information you entered.
Maximum LBA Capacity [
]
This field shows the drive’s maximum capacity calculated automatically by the BIOS from the drive
information you entered.
Multi-Sector Transfers [Maximum]
This option automatically sets the number of sectors per block to the highest number supported by the
drive. This field can also be configured manually. Note that when this field is automatically configured,
the set value may not always be the fastest value for the drive. Refer to the documentation that came
with your hard drive to determine the optimal value and set it manually. NOTE: To make changes to
this field, the Type field must be set to User Type HDD. The configuration options are: [Disabled] [2
Sectors] [4 Sectors] [8 Sectors] [16 Sectors] [32 Sectors] [Maximum]
SMART Monitoring [Disabled]
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.) is an interface between a computer's
BIOS and hard disk. It is a feature of the Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics (EIDE) technology
that controls access to the hard drive. If S.M.A.R.T is enabled, the BIOS can receive analytical information from the hard drive and determine whether to send the user a warning message about possible
future failure of the hard drive. Ideally, this should allow you to take proactive actions to prevent
impending disk crashes.
PIO Mode [ ]
When enabled, this option speeds up communication between the system and the IDE controller by using
enhanced I/O transfer modes (PIO Modes). NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be
set to User Type HDD. The configuration options are: [0] [1] [2] [3] [4]
66
Configuring the BIOS
5
Ultra DMA Mode [ ]
This field auto detects Ultra DMA capability (for improved transfer speeds and data integrity) for compatible
IDE (Integrated Disk Electronics) devices. Set to Disable to suppress Ultra DMA capability.
NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to User Type HDD. The configuration
options are: [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [Disabled]. The following is for your reference:
Mode 0 = 16.7MB/s
Mode 2 = 33.3MB/s (ATA/33)
Mode 4 = 66.7MB/s (ATA/66)
Mode 1 = 25.0MB/s
Mode 3 = 44.4MB/s
Mode 5 = 100MB/s (ATA/100)
NOTE: After using the legend keys to make your selections on this sub-menu, press the
[Esc] key to exit back to the Main menu. When the Main menu appears, you will notice
that the drive size appears in the field for the hard disk drive that you just configured.
Secondary Master (sub-menus)
This field is used to configure the secondary IDE drive installed in the system. To configure a hard disk
drive, select this sub-menu from the Main menu and press the Enter key to enter this sub-menu.
The fields and options on this sub-menu are the same as the previous menu described earlier. Leave on
the default setting of Auto.
Secondary Master
Type
PIO Mode
ULTRA DMA Mode
[Auto]
[4]
[2]
[ASUS SCD-2400]
Item Specific Help
<Enter> to select the
type of the IDE drive.
[User Type HDD] allows
you to set each entry on
your own.
NOTE: The Secondary drive displayed here is for example only. The actual display will
be dependent on the drive you have installed in your Notebook PC.
After using the legend keys to make your selections in this sub-menu, press the [Esc]
key to return to the Main menu.
67
5
Configuring the BIOS
Advanced Menu
Selecting Advanced from the main menu bar display the Advanced menu as shown below.
Item Specific Help
I/O Device Configuration
Internal Pointing Device
[Enabled]
Quick Power On Self Test
[Enabled]
<Enter> to go to the
sub-menu.
>I/O Device Configuration (described on next page)
Pressing [Enter] when this field is highlighted calls up a sub-menu for configuring the Notebook PC’s
serial and parallel ports.
Internal Pointing Device [Enabled]
This allows you to turn ON or OFF the Notebook PC’s built-in touchpad. Some external pointing
devices have extra functions that may not function without turning OFF the Notebook PC’s touchpad.
The configuration options are: [Enabled] [Disabled]
Processor Serial Number [Enabled] (only shows on PIII CPU)
The Processor Serial Number is a unique number that is added to every Pentium III processor to help
verify the identity of the user across the Internet. Set this field to [Enabled] when you need increased
security for doing business online or e-commerce. Otherwise, set to [Disabled] for greater anonymity
when surfing the Internet. [Disabled] prohibits any software from reading the unique identifier of the
installed processor. The configuration options are: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Quick Power On Self Test [Enabled]
This field speeds up the Power-On-Self Test (POST) routine by skipping certain redundant tests. Configuration options are: [Disabled] [Enabled]
68
Configuring the BIOS
5
I/O Device Configuration (sub-menu)
I/O Device Configuration
Serial Port A
IR Port
Mode
DMA Channel
Parallel Port:
Mode:
ECP DMA Select:
[3F8H/IRQ4]
[2F8H/IRQ3]
[FIR]
[1]
[378H/IRQ7]
[ECP]
[3]
Item Specific Help
<Enter> to select the
I/O Address & IRQ for
Infrared.
NOTE: The presence of sub-items in this menu is dependent on certain relevant settings.
WARNING! Changing the default address and IRQ settings for Serial Port or Parallel
Port can cause conflicts with other system devices or installed peripherals.
Serial Port A: [User]
This field allows you to configure the Notebook PC’s serial COM1 port. The configuration options are:
[3F8H/IRQ4] [2F8H/IRQ3] [3E8H/IRQ4] [2E8H/IRQ3] [Disabled]
IR Port: [2F8H/IRQ3]
This field allows you to configure the Notebook PC’s serial IR port. To enable this port, select an
address that does not conflict with another port. A conflict will be noted by red asterisks next to this
item and the item in conflict with. The configuration options are:
[3F8H/IRQ4] [2F8H/IRQ3] [3E8H/IRQ4] [2E8H/IRQ3] [Disabled]
Mode: [FIR]
The Mode field allows you to select either Standard Infrared (SIR) or Fast Infrared (FIR) communication mode. The configuration options are: [SIR] [FIR]
DMA Channel: [1]
The DMA Channel field allows you to configure the Parallel port DMA Channel for the selected
ECP mode. The configuration options are: [1] [3]
69
5
Configuring the BIOS
Parallel Port: [378H/IRQ7]
This field allows you to configure the Notebook PC parallel port. The configuration options are: [Disabled] [378H/IRQ7] [278H/IRQ5]
Mode: [ECP+EPP]
The Mode field allows you to configure the Notebook PC parallel port transmission mode. The
configuration options are: [Normal] [EPP] [ECP] [ECP+EPP]
EPP Mode: When the EPP mode is selected, the standard and bidirectional modes are also available. The EPP operates on a two phase cycle. First, the host selects the register within a device for
subsequent operations. Second, the host performs a series of read and/or write byte operations to
the selected register. There are four operations supported by EPP: Address Write, Data Write,
Address Read, and Data Read. All operations are performed asynchronously.
ECP Mode: The port is both software and hardware compatible with existing parallel ports so that
it may be used as a standard printer mode if ECP is not required. ECP mode provides an automatic
high burst-bandwidth channel that supports DMA for ECP in both the forward (host to peripheral)
and reverse (peripheral to host) direction.
DMA Channel: [3]
The DMA Channel field allows you to configure the Parallel port DMA Channel for the selected
ECP mode. The configuration options are: [1] [3]
NOTE: After using the legend keys to make your selections for the I/O Device Configuration sub-menu, press the [Esc] key to exit back to the Advanced menu.
70
Configuring the BIOS
5
Security Menu
The Notebook PC’s advanced system of security allows you to set a password to prevent unauthorized
access to system resources, data, and the BIOS Setup Program. This Section covers each parameter of
the Security Setup. Selecting Security from the menu bar displays the following menu:
Item Specific Help
System Password
Password on boot
[Enter]
[Disabled]
Hard disk Password
[Enter]
Supervisor password
controls full access.
<Enter> to change
password ; <Enter> again
to disable password.
The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify passwords in the Security menu. The passwords control
access to the BIOS and certain Security menu options during system startup. The passwords are not
case sensitive. In other words, it makes no difference whether you enter a password using upper or
lowercase letters.
The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify two separate passwords: a Supervisor password and a
User password. When disabled, anyone may access all BIOS Setup program functions. When enabled,
the Supervisor password is required for entering the BIOS Setup program and having full access to all
Security menu options.
71
5
Configuring the BIOS
System Password [Enter]
The system password protects the BIOS settings. When “Enabled”, you will be prompted for a password after you press [F2] to enter BIOS setup.
To Enable: Select “Enter” and press [Enter], type a password and press [Enter], type the same password again and press [Enter] to confirm. (You can type up to eight alphanumeric characters. Symbols
and other keys are ignored.)
To Disable: Select “Set” and press [Enter] without entering a password.
Password on boot [Disabled]
Password on boot requires the “System Password” to be “Enabled”. When “Enabled”, you will be
prompted for a password during bootup after the chance to enter BIOS setup. (To enter BIOS setup,
[F2] must be pressed before the password prompt.)
To Enable: Select “Disabled” and press [Enter], use the up/down cursor to select “Enable”
To Disable: Select “Enabled” and press [Enter], use the up/down cursor to select “Disable”
NOTE: If “Password on Boot” and “Hard Disk Password” are both “Enabled”, the “Hard Disk Password” will be required first.
Hard Disk Password [Enter]
A hard disk password places a protection on the hard disk drive so that a password is necessary in order
to access the hard disk drive. When “Enabled”, the hard disk drive will be protected as follows:
• The protected hard disk drive will prompt for a password when accessed on the Notebook PC.
• The protected hard disk drive cannot be used as a master or slave drive on another computer.
• The protected hard disk drive cannot be formatted.
To Enable: Select “Enter” and press [Enter], type a password and press [Enter], type the same password again and press [Enter] to confirm. (You can type up to eight alphanumeric characters. Symbols
and other keys are ignored.)
To Disable: Select “Set” and press [Enter], enter the password and press [Enter].
NOTE: If “Password on Boot” and “Hard Disk Password” are both “Enabled”, the “Hard Disk Password” will be required first.
72
Configuring the BIOS
5
Power Menu
The power management settings are controlled by the operating system. This menu only has one function as follows:
Item Specific Help
LCD auto Power Saving
CPU auto Power Saving
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
Start Battery Refreshing
<Enter> to select the
Power Saving Mode. You
can select ‘User Define”
to go to the Suspend
Mode entry below.
LCD Auto Power Saving [Enabled]
Enabling this item will decrease the LCD brightness when the AC power is not connected in order to
conserve battery power. The configuration options are: [Disabled] [Enabled].
CPU Auto Power Saving [Enabled]
Enabling this item will decrease the CPU speed when the AC power is not connected in order to conserve battery power. The configuration options are: [Disabled] [Enabled].
Start Battery Refreshing
This function will start a software program to remove memory effects in the battery and recalibrate the
battery gauge. Even though this Notebook PC uses a Lithium-Ion battery which is not prone to memory
effects, memory effects will still occur at the end of the battery’s life cycle. Remember that all rechargeable batteries only have a definite number of charge and discharge cycles depending on environment
and quality of the battery pack. Follow the instructions shown on the screen.
73
5
Configuring the BIOS
Boot Menu
The Boot menu allows the user to specify the order in which the Notebook PC is to check for a device
to boot the system. To make changes, select Boot from the menu bar and the following screen appears:
Item Specific Help
1. Removable Device
2. IDE Hard Drive
3. ATAPI CD-ROM
4. Other Boot Device
[Legacy Floppy]
[IC25N030ATDA04-0]
[ASUS SCD-2400]
[Disabled]
Onboard LAN Boot ROM [Enabled]
Boot Sequence:
<Enter> to select the
device.
To select the boot
sequence, use the up or
down arrow. Press <+> to
move the device up the
list, or <-> to move it
down the list.
Boot Sequence
1.
2.
3.
4.
Legacy Floppy
IDE Hard Drive
ATAPI CD-ROM
Other Boot Device
Onboard LAN Boot ROM - Select Network drive bootup capability as [Disabled] or [Enabled].
The Boot menu allows you to select among the three possible boot devices listed using the up and down
arrow keys . By using the [+] or [Shift =] keys, you can promote devices and by using the [-] key, you
can demote devices. Press [Enter] to select the specific device or Disabled to never boot from that
device.
Promotion or demotion of devices alters the priority which the system uses to search for a boot device
on system power up. The following are explanations of the devices listed in the boot sequence:
Removable Device refer to the floppy disk used in the internal or USB floppy disk drive.
IDE Hard Drive refers to the internal built-in hard disk drive.
ATAPI CD-ROM refers to either the built-in CD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM drive.
Other Boot Device currently refers to booting from a network drive.
NOTE: To boot from LAN, set this item to the top and Enable “Onboard LAN Boot ROM”.
74
Configuring the BIOS
5
Exit Menu
Once you have made all of your selections from the various menus in the Setup program, you should
save your changes and exit Setup. Select Exit from the menu bar to display the following menu:
Item Specific Help
Exit Saving Changes
Exit Discarding Changes
Load Setup Defaults
Discard Changes
Save Changes
Exit setup utility and
save your changes to
CMOS.
NOTE: Pressing the [Esc] key does not exit this menu. You must select one of the
options from this menu or a menu bar item to exit this menu.
Exit Saving Changes
Once you are finished making your selections, choose this option from the Exit menu to ensure the
values you selected are saved to the CMOS RAM. The CMOS RAM is sustained by an onboard backup
battery and stays on even when the Notebook PC is turned off. Once this option is selected, a confirmation is asked. Select Yes to save changes and exit.
Exit Discarding Changes
This option should only be used if you do not want to save the changes you have made to the Setup
program. If you have made changes to the fields other than system date, system time, and password, the
system will ask for confirmation before exiting.
75
5
Configuring the BIOS
Load Setup Defaults
This option allows you to load the default values for each of the parameters on the Setup menus. When
this option is selected or if [F9] is pressed, a confirmation is requested. Select Yes to load default values
programmed into the BIOS file (the default values may change from one BIOS version to another). You
can now select Exit Saving Changes or make other changes before saving the values to the EEPROM.
Discard Changes
This option allows you to discard the selections you made and restore the values you previously saved.
After selecting this option, all selections are updated and a confirmation is requested. Select Yes to
discard any changes and load the previously saved values.
Save Changes
This option saves your selections without exiting the Setup program. You can then return to other
menus and make changes. After selecting this option, all selections are saved and a confirmation is
requested. Select Yes to save any changes to the EEPROM.
76
Appendix
Internal Modem Compliancy
Glossary
Index
Owner Information
77
A
Appendix
Internal Modem Compliancy
The Notebook PC with internal modem model complies with JATE (Japan), FCC (US, Canada, Korea,
Taiwan), and CTR21. The internal modem has been approved in accordance with Council Decision 98/
482/EC for pan-European single terminal connection to the public switched telephone network (PSTN).
However due to differences between the individual PSTNs provided in different countries, the approval
does not, of itself, give an unconditional assurance of successful operation on every PSTN network
termination point. In the event of problems you should contact your equipment supplier in the first
instance.
Overview
On 4th August 1998 the European Council Decision regarding the CTR 21 has been published in the Official
Journal of the EC. The CTR 21 applies to all non voice terminal equipment with DTMF-dialling which is
intended to be connected to the analogue PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network).
CTR 21 (Common Technical Regulation) for the attachment requirements for connection to the analogue public switched telephone networks of terminal equipment (excluding terminal equipment supporting the voice telephony justified case service) in which network addressing, if provided, is by
means of dual tone multifrequency signalling.
Network Compatibility Declaration
Statement to be made by the manufacturer to the Notified Body and the vendor: "This declaration will
indicate the networks with which the equipment is designed to work and any notified networks with
which the equipment may have inter-working difficulties"
Network Compatibility Declaration
Statement to be made by the manufacturer to the user: "This declaration will indicate the networks with
which the equipment is designed to work and any notified networks with which the equipment may
have inter-working difficulties. The manufacturer shall also associate a statement to make it clear where
network compatibility is dependent on physical and software switch settings. It will also advise the user
to contact the vendor if it is desired to use the equipment on another network."
Up to now the Notified Body of CETECOM issued several pan-European approvals using CTR 21. The
results are Europe's first modems which do not require regulatory approvals in each individual European country.
Non-Voice Equipment
Answering machines and loud-speaking telephones can be eligible as well as modems, fax machines,
auto-dialers and alarm systems. Equipment in which the end-to-end quality of speech is controlled by
regulations (e.g. handset telephones and in some countries also cordless telephones) is excluded.
78
Appendix
A
This table shows the countries currently under the CTR21 standard.
Country
Austria1
Belgium
Czech Republic
Denmark1
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Israel
Lichtenstein
Luxemburg
The Netherlands1
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
Applied
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Pending
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
More Testing
No
No
not applicable
Yes
No
No
No
No
not applicable
No
No
Pending
No
No
No
Yes
No
not applicable
not applicable
not applicable
No
No
No
This information was copied from CETECOM and is supplied without liability. For updates to this
table, you may visit http://www.cetecom.de/technologies/ctr_21.html
1
National requirements will apply only if the equipment may use pulse dialling (manufacturers may
state in the user guide that the equipment is only intended to support DTMF signalling, which would
make any additional testing superfluous).
In The Netherlands additional testing is required for series connection and caller ID facilities.
79
A
Appendix
Glossary
ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Management Interface)
Modern standard for reducing power usage in computers.
APM (Advanced Power Management)
Modern standard for reducing power usage in computers.
AWG (American Wire Gauge)
Gauge
Diam
Area
R
I@3A/mm2
Gauge
Diam
Area
R
I@3A/mm2
AWG
46
(mm)
0.04
(mm2)
0.0013
(ohm/km)
13700
(mA)
3.8
AWG
24
(mm)
0.50
(mm2)
0.20
(ohm/km)
87.5
(mA)
588
44
0.05
0.0020
8750
6
0.55
0.24
72.3
715
42
0.06
0.0028
6070
9
0.60
0.28
60.7
850
41
40
0.07
0.08
0.0039
0.0050
4460
3420
12
15
0.65
0.70
0.33
0.39
51.7
44.6
1.0 A
1.16 A
39
0.09
0.0064
2700
19
0.75
0.44
38.9
1.32 A
38
0.10
0.0078
2190
24
20
0.80
0.50
34.1
1.51 A
37
0.11
0.12
0.0095
0.011
1810
1520
28
33
19
0.85
0.90
0.57
0.64
30.2
26.9
1.70 A
1.91 A
36
0.13
0.013
1300
40
0.95
0.71
24.3
2.12 A
35
0.14
0.015
1120
45
1.00
0.78
21.9
2.36 A
34
0.15
0.16
0.018
0.020
970
844
54
60
1.10
1.20
0.95
1.1
18.1
15.2
2.85 A
3.38 A
0.17
0.023
757
68
1.30
1.3
13.0
3.97 A
33
0.18
0.026
676
75
1.40
1.5
11.2
4.60 A
32
0.19
0.20
0.028
0.031
605
547
85
93
1.50
1.60
1.8
2.0
9.70
8.54
5.30 A
6.0 A
30
0.25
0.049
351
147
1.70
2.3
7.57
6.7 A
29
0.30
0.071
243
212
27
26
0.35
0.40
0.096
0.13
178
137
288
378
25
0.45
0.16
108
477
22
18
16
14
13
1.80
2.6
6.76
7.6 A
12
1.90
2.00
2.8
3.1
6.05
5.47
8.5 A
9.4 A
NOTE: This table is for general reference only and should not be used as a source of
the American Wire Gauge standard as this table may not be current or complete.
80
Appendix
A
BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)
BIOS is a set of routines that affect how the computer transfers data between computer components,
such as memory, disks, and the display adapter. The BIOS instructions are built into the computer’s
read-only memory. BIOS parameters can be configured by the user through the BIOS Setup program.
The BIOS can be updated using the provided utility to copy a new BIOS file into the EEPROM.
Bit (Binary Digit)
Represents the smallest unit of data used by the computer. A bit can have one of two values: 0 or 1.
Boot
Boot means to start the computer operating system by loading it into system memory. When the manual
instructs you to “boot” your system (or computer), it means to turn ON your computer. “Reboot” means
to restart your computer. When using Windows 95 or later, selecting “Restart” from “Start | Shut Down...”
will reboot your computer.
Bus Master IDE
PIO (Programmable I/O) IDE requires that the CPU be involved in IDE access and waiting for mechanical events. Bus master IDE transfers data to/from the memory without interrupting the CPU. Bus
master IDE driver and bus master IDE hard disk drives are required to support bus master IDE mode.
Byte (Binary Term)
One byte is a group of eight contiguous bits. A byte is used to represent a single alphanumeric character,
punctuation mark, or other symbol.
Clock Throttling
Chipset function which allows the processor’s clock to be stopped and started at a known duty cycle.
Clock throttling is used for power savings, thermal management, and reducing processing speed.
COM Port
COM is a logical device name used by to designate the computer serial ports. Pointing devices, modems, and infrared modules can be connected to COM ports. Each COM port is configured to use a
different IRQ and address assignment.
CPU (Central Processing Unit)
The CPU, sometimes called “Processor,” actually functions as the “brain” of the computer. It interprets
and executes program commands and processes data stored in memory.
Device Driver
A device driver is a special set of instructions that allows the computer’s operating system to communicate with devices such as VGA, audio, Ethernet, printer, or modem.
Hardware
Hardware is a general term referring to the physical components of a computer system, including peripherals such as printers, modems, and pointing devices.
81
A
Appendix
IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics)
IDE devices integrate the drive control circuitry directly on the drive itself, eliminating the need for a
separate adapter card (in the case for SCSI devices). UltraDMA/66 or 100 IDE devices can achieve up
to 33MB/Sec transfer.
IEEE1394
Also known as iLINK (Sony) or FireWire (Apple). IEEE1394 is a high speed serial bus like SCSI but
has simple connections and hot-plugging capabilities like USB. The interface IEEE1394 has a bandwidth of 400-1000 Mbits/sec and can handle up to 63 units on the same bus. It is very likely that
IEEE1394, together with USB, will replace Parallel, IDE, SCSI, and EIDE ports. IEEE1394 is also
used in high-end digital equipment and should be marked “DV” for Digital Video port.
Infrared Port (IrDA)
The infrared (IrDA) communication port allows convenient wireless data communication with infrared-equipped devices or computers up to 4 Mbits/sec. This allows easy wireless synchronization with
PDAs or mobile phones and even wireless printing to printers. If your office supports IrDA networking,
you can have wireless connection to a network anywhere provided there is a direct line of sight to an
IrDA node. Small offices can use IrDA technology to share a printer between several closely placed
Notebook PCs and even send files to each other without a network.
Kensington® Locks
Kensington® locks (or compatible) allow the Notebook PC to be secured usually using a metal cable
and lock that prevent the Notebook PC to be removed from a fixed object. Some security products may
also include a motion detector to sound an alarm when moved.
LPT Port (Line Printer Port)
Logical device name reserved by DOS for the computer parallel ports. Each LPT port is configured to
use a different IRQ and address assignment.
PCI Bus (Peripheral Component Interconnect Local Bus)
PCI bus is a specification that defines a 32-bit data bus interface. PCI is a standard widely used by
expansion card manufacturers.
PC Cards (PCMCIA)
PC cards are about the size of a few stacked credit cards and have a 68-pin connector at one end. The
PC Card standard accommodates a number of function, communication, and data storage expansion
options. PC cards come in memory/flash cards, fax/modems, networking adapters, SCSI adapters, MPEG
I/II decoder cards, and even wireless modem or LAN cards. The Notebook PC supports PCMCIA 2.1,
and 32bit CardBus standards. The three different PC Card standards actually have different thicknesses.
Type I cards are 3.3mm, Type II cards are 5mm, and Type III cards are 10.5mm thick. Type I and Type
II cards can be used in a single socket. Type III cards take up two sockets and must be used on Notebook
PCs with two sockets.
82
Appendix
A
POST (Power On Self Test)
When you turn on the computer, it will first run through the POST, a series of software-controlled
diagnostic tests. The POST checks system memory, the motherboard circuitry, the display, the keyboard, the diskette drive, and other I/O devices.
PS/2 Port
PS/2 ports are based on IBM Micro Channel Architecture. This type of architecture transfers data through
a 16-bit or 32-bit bus. A PS/2 mouse and/or keyboard may be used on ATX motherboards.
RAM (Random Access Memory)
There are several different types of RAM such as DRAM (Dynamic RAM), EDO DRAM (Extended
Data Output DRAM), SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM).
ROM (Read Only Memory)
ROM is nonvolatile memory used to store permanent programs (called firmware) used in certain computer components. Flash ROM (or EEPROM) can be reprogrammed with new programs (or BIOS).
Suspend Mode
In Save-to-RAM (STR) and Save-to-Disk (STD), the CPU clock is stopped and most of the Notebook
PC devices are put in their lowest active state. The Notebook PC enters Suspend when the system
remains idle for a specified amount of time or manually using the function keys. The timeout setting of
both Hard Disk and Video can be set by the BIOS Setup. The Power LED blinks when the Notebook PC
is in STR mode. In STD mode, the Notebook PC will appear to be powered OFF.
System Disk
A system disk contains the core file of an operating system and is used to boot up the operating system.
Twisted-Pair Cable
The cable used to connect the Ethernet card to a host (generally a Hub or Switch) is called a straightthrough Twisted Pair Ethernet (TPE). The end connectors are called RJ-45 connectors, which are not
compatible with RJ-11 telephone connectors. If connecting two computers together without a hub in
between, a crossover twisted-pair is required.
UltraDMA/66 or 100
UltraDMA/66 or 100 are new specifications to improve IDE transfer rates. Unlike traditional PIO
mode, which only uses the rising edge of IDE command signal to transfer data, UltraDMA/66 or 100
uses both rising edge and falling edge.
USB (Universal Serial Bus)
A new 4-pin serial peripheral bus that allows plug and play computer peripherals such as keyboard,
mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and modem/ISDN to be automatically configured when they are attached physically without having to install drivers or reboot. With USB, the traditional complex cables
from back panel of your PC can be eliminated.
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A
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Appendix
Appendix
A
Index
A
C
AC Power System 53
Activity Indicator 31
Air Vent and Cooling Fan 17, 20
APM and ACPI 54
Audio Connections 45
Audio In 18
Audio Speaker 22
Canadian Department of Communications 2
Capital Lock 31
CardBus 47
CD Control Buttons 22, 34
CD Indicator 34
CD Play/Pause 34
CD Power Switch 34
CD Skip to Next Track 34
CD Skip to Previous Track 34
CD Stop 34
CDRH Regulations 3
Charge Indicator 30
Charging the Battery Pack 25
Colored Hot Keys 29
Cooling Fan 17, 20
CTR 21 Approval 6
B
Battery Care 25
Battery Lock 17
Battery Pack 17, 24
Battery Power System 53
BIOS
Advanced Menu 68
BIOS Legend Bar 61
BIOS Menu Bar 61
BIOS Setup Program 60
Boot Menu 74
Boot Sequence 74
Discard Changes 76
DMA Channel 70
Exit Discarding Changes 75
Exit Menu 75
Exit Saving Changes 75
Hard Drive
Cylinders 66
Heads 66
Multi-Sector Transfers 66
Sectors 66
Type 65
Ultra DMA Mode 67
I/O Device Configuration 69
IR Port 68
Load Setup Defaults 76
Main Menu 63
Parallel Port 70
Save Changes 76
Security Menu 71
System Date 63
System Time 63
D
D Control Buttons and Indicator 34
DC Power Input Jack 19
Display Panel 15
Display Panel Care 15
Display Panel Latch 22
DVD-ROM Drive Information 40
E
Email Indicator 30
Email Launch Key 31
Expansion Port 20
F
Fast Infrared Port 21
Fast Infrared Port (IrDA) 18
Federal Communications Commission 2
Floppy Disk Drive 19
G
Glossary 80
H
Headphone Jack 18
Headphone Jack (Head-Out) 18
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A
Appendix
Kensington® Lock Port 21
Keyboard 15
Keyboard Connection 46
Pointing Device 36
Power Connection 26
Power Indicator 30
Power Management Modes 54
Power State Summary 55
Power Switch 15
Power-On Self Test (POST) 27
Powering OFF 28
Powering ON 27
Printer Connection 44
Processor Upgrades 57
Programmable Launch Keys 31
PS/2 Port 21
L
R
LAN Port 20
Region Definitions 42
Regional Playback Information 42
Reset Button 17
Restarting or Rebooting 28
I
IEEE1394 Connection 44
IEEE1394 Port 18
Instant Launch Keys 15, 30
Internal Modem Compliancy 78
Internet Launch Key 31
IO Port 18
IR Wireless Communication 51
K
M
Macrovision Notice 3
Memory Compartment 17
Microphone 15
Microphone Jack (Mic-In) 18
Microsoft Windows™ Keys 32
Mini-PCI 17
Modem and Network Connections 49
Modem Port 20
Monitor Out Connection 44
Monitor Port 21
Mouse Connection 46
Mouse or Keyboard Connection 46
N
Network Connection 50
Nordic Cautions 3
Number Lock 31
Numeric Keypad, alternate 32
O
Operating Systems 25
Optical Drive 19
Owner Information 88
P
Parallel Port 19
PC Card (PCMCIA) Socket and Eject 18
PC Card (PCMCIA) Sockets 47
S
Scroll Lock 31
Securing Your Notebook PC 58
Serial COM Port Connection 45
Status Indicators 15, 30
Support Software 25
Suspend Mode 54, 83
System Memory Expansion 57
T
Table of Contents 9
The Power-On Self Test (POST) 27
Thermal Power Control 55
Touchpad and Buttons 15
Touchpad, Caring 38
Touchpad, Using 36
Transportation Precautions 5
TV-Out Port 19
Twisted-Pair Cable 50, 83
U
UL Safety Notices 7
USB Ports 21
User’s Manual, About 12
W
Wireless LAN Indicator 30
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Appendix
A
87
A
Appendix
Owner Information
This page is provided for recording information concerning your Notebook PC for future reference or
for technical support. Keep this User’s Manual in a secured location if passwords are filled out.
Owner’s Name:________________________ Owner’s Telephone:___________________
Manufacturer:____________________________________ Model:___________________
Retailer:_____________________________________ Telephone:___________________
Display Size:______Purchase Date:___________ Serial Number:___________________
Hard Disk Drive Manufacturer:____________________ Capacity:___________________
2nd Hard Disk Drive Manufacturer:________________ Capacity:___________________
BIOS Version:_____________________________________ Date:___________________
Accessories:______________________________ Serial Number:___________________
Accessories:______________________________ Serial Number:___________________
SOFTWARE
Operating System:__________________________________________________________
Software:_________________________________ Serial Number:___________________
Software:_________________________________ Serial Number:___________________
SECURITY
Bootup Password:___________________ Hard Drive Password:___________________
NETWORK
User’s Name:_____________ Password:_____________ Domain:___________________
User’s Name:_____________ Password:_____________ Domain:___________________
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