ESET GATEWAY SECURITY - FOR LINUX BSD AND SOLARIS Installation manual

ESET GATEWAY SECURITY
Installation Manual and User Guide
(intended for product version 4.0 and higher)
Linux, BSD and Solaris
Contents
1.
Introduction
..................................................................3
1.1
1.2
Main functionality
.........................................................................................3
Key features
of the system
.........................................................................................3
2.
Terminology
..................................................................5
and abbreviations
3.
System
..................................................................6
requirements
4.
Installation
..................................................................7
5.
Architecture
..................................................................9
Overview
6.
Integration
..................................................................11
with Internet Gateway services
6.1
6.2
Transparent
HTTP/FTP proxy configuration
.........................................................................................11
Manual
HTTP/FTP proxy configuration
.........................................................................................12
6.2.1
Manual
...........................................................................12
proxy configuration of Mozilla Firefox
6.2.2
Manual
...........................................................................12
proxy configuration of Squid
Internet
Content Adaptation configuration
.........................................................................................13
Long.........................................................................................14
Transfer Handling
ESETS.........................................................................................14
plug-in filter for SafeSquid Proxy Cache
6.5.1
Operation
...........................................................................15
principle
6.5.2
Installation
...........................................................................15
and configuration
6.3
6.4
6.5
7.
Important
..................................................................16
ESET Gateway Security mechanisms
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.8
7.9
Handle
Object Policy
.........................................................................................16
User.........................................................................................16
Specific Configuration
Blacklist
and Whitelist
.........................................................................................17
7.3.1
URL
...........................................................................17
Whitelist
Samples
Submission
System
.........................................................................................17
Scheduler
.........................................................................................18
Web.........................................................................................18
Interface
7.6.1
License
...........................................................................19
management
7.6.2
Agent
...........................................................................20
HTTP configuration example
7.6.2.1
HTTP
..........................................................................21
Agent testing with the Mozilla Firefox
7.6.3
Scheduler
...........................................................................22
7.6.4
Statistics
...........................................................................23
Remote
Administration
.........................................................................................23
7.7.1
Remote
...........................................................................24
Administration usage example
Logging
.........................................................................................26
Command-line
scripts
.........................................................................................26
8.
ESET..................................................................27
Security system update
8.1
8.2
8.3
ESETS.........................................................................................27
update utility
ESETS.........................................................................................27
update process description
ESETS.........................................................................................27
mirror http daemon
9.
Let us
..................................................................28
know
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
ESET GATEWAY SECURITY
Copyright ©2013 by ESET, spol. s r. o.
ESET Gateway Security was developed by ESET, spol. s r. o.
For more information visit www.eset.com.
All rights reserved. No part of this documentation may be reproduced,
stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or
otherwise without permission in writing from the author.
ESET, spol. s r. o. reserves the right to change any of the described
application software without prior notice.
Worldwide Customer Support: www.eset.com/support
REV. 7/2/2013
10. Appendix
..................................................................29
A. ESETS setup and configuration
10.1
10.2
10.3
Setting
ESETS for scanning of HTTP communication .........................................................................................29
transparent
Setting
ESETSmode
for scanning of FTP communication - transparent
.........................................................................................29
mode
Setting
ESETS for scanning of ICAP encapsulated HTTP
.........................................................................................29
messages
11. Appendix
..................................................................30
B. PHP License
1. Introduction
Thank you for using ESET Gateway Security - the premier security system for Linux, BSD and Solaris. ESET's state-of-the-art
scanning engine has unsurpassed scanning speed and detection rates combined with a very small footprint that makes it the
ideal choice for any server on Linux, BSD and Solaris.
1.1 Main functionality
Hypertext Transfer Protocol filter (HTTP)
The HTTP filter module is an HTTP 1.1 compliant special proxy server used to scan communication between HTTP clients and
HTTP servers for viruses. The module receives HTTP messages from an HTTP client (a web browser application or other proxy
cache) and forwards them to the HTTP server (a web server application) and vice versa. The body of the message (if available)
will be scanned for viruses by the esets_http module.
The esets_http is able to act as both a transparent and a non-transparent proxy server depending on the integration of the
module into the environment.
File Transfer Protocol filter (FTP)
The FTP filter module is a special transparent proxy server that scans communication between an ftp client and an ftp server for
viruses. The FTP gateway module is used to scan both incoming and outgoing data transfers. Depending on the scanning results,
a transferred object will be cleaned, deleted or blocked.
SafeSquid filter
The SSFI module is a plugin accessing all objects processed by the SafeSquid Proxy cache. Once an object is accessed by the
plugin, it will be scanned for infiltrations by the ESETS daemon. In the case of a positive detection, SSFI blocks the appropriate
source and sends a predefined template page instead. The esets_ssfi.so module is supported by SafeSquid Advanced version
4.0.4.2 and higher.
Internet Content Adaptation Protocol filter (ICAP)
The ICAP filter module is an ICAP 1.0 compliant special server that scans ICAP encapsulated HTTP messages from ICAP clients for
viruses.
1.2 Key features of the system
Advanced engine algorithms
The ESET antivirus scanning engine algorithms provide the highest detection rate and the fastest scanning times.
Multi-processing
ESET Gateway Security is developed to run on single- as well as multi-processor units.
Advanced Heuristics
ESET Gateway Security includes unique advanced heuristics for Win32 worms, backdoor infections and other forms of malware.
Built-In features
Built-in archivers unpack archived objects without requiring any external programs.
Speed and efficiency
To increase the speed and efficiency of the system, ESET Gateway Security's architecture is based on the running daemon
(resident program) where all scanning requests are sent.
Enhanced security
All executive daemons (except esets_dac) run under a non-privileged user account to enhance security.
Selective configuration
The system supports selective configuration based on the user or client/server.
Multiple logging levels
Multiple logging levels can be configured to get information about system activity and infiltrations.
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Web interface
Configuration, administration and license management are offered through an intuitive and user-friendly web interface.
Remote administration
The system supports ESET Remote Administrator for management in large computer networks.
No external libraries
The ESET Gateway Security installation does not require external libraries or programs except for LIBC.
User-specified notification
The system can be configured to notify specific users in the event of a detected infiltration or other important events.
Low system requirements
To run efficiently, ESET Gateway Security requires just 250MB of hard-disk space and 256MB of RAM. It runs smoothly under the
2.6.x Linux OS kernel versions as well as under 5.x, 6.x FreeBSD OS kernel versions.
Performance and scalability
From lower-powered, small office servers to enterprise-class ISP servers with thousands of users, ESET Gateway Security delivers
the performance and scalability you expect from a UNIX based solution, in addition to the unequaled security of ESET security
products.
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2. Terminology and abbreviations
In this section, we will review the terms and abbreviations used in this document. Note that boldface font is reserved for product
component names and also for newly defined terms and abbreviations. Terms and abbreviations defined in this chapter are
expanded on later in this document.
ESETS
ESET Security is a standard acronym for all security products developed by ESET, spol. s r. o. for Linux, BSD and Solaris operating
systems. It is also the name of the software package containing the products.
ESETS daemon
The main ESETS system control and scanning daemon: esets_daemon.
ESETS base directory
The directory where ESETS loadable modules containing the virus signature database are stored. The abbreviation @BASEDIR@
will be used for future references to this directory. The @BASEDIR@ value (depending on the operating system) is listed below:
Linux: /var/opt/eset/esets/lib
FreeBSD: /var/lib/esets
NetBSD: /var/lib/esets
Solaris: /var/opt/esets/lib
ESETS configuration directory
The directory where all files related to the ESET Gateway Security configuration are stored. The abbreviation @ETCDIR@ will be
used for future references to this directory. The @ETCDIR@ value (depending on the operating system) is listed below:
Linux: /etc/opt/eset/esets
FreeBSD: /usr/local/etc/esets
NetBSD: /usr/pkg/etc/esets
Solaris: /etc/opt/esets
ESETS configuration file
Main ESET Gateway Security configuration file. The absolute path of the file is as follows:
@ETCDIR@/esets.cfg
ESETS binary files directory
The directory where the relevant ESET Gateway Security binary files are stored. The abbreviation @BINDIR@ will be used for
future references to this directory. The @BINDIR@ value (depending on the operating system) is listed below:
Linux: /opt/eset/esets/bin
FreeBSD: /usr/local/bin
NetBSD: /usr/pkg/bin
Solaris: /opt/esets/bin
ESETS system binary files directory
The directory where the relevant ESET Gateway Security system binary files are stored. The abbreviation @SBINDIR@ will be used
for future references to this directory. The @SBINDIR@ value (depending on the operating system) is listed below:
Linux: /opt/eset/esets/sbin
FreeBSD: /usr/local/sbin
NetBSD: /usr/pkg/sbin
Solaris: /opt/esets/sbin
ESETS object files directory
The directory where the relevant ESET Gateway Security object files and libraries are stored. The abbreviation @LIBDIR@ will be
used for future references to this directory. The @LIBDIR@ value (depending on the operating system) is listed below:
Linux: /opt/eset/esets/lib
FreeBSD: /usr/local/lib/esets
NetBSD: /usr/pkg/lib/esets
Solaris: /opt/esets/lib
Note: In a 64-bit Linux operating system environment there are some 32-bit libraries available in the following directory (for
example, the libesets_pac.so preload library to scan 32-bit binary files):
Linux: /opt/eset/esets/lib32
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3. System requirements
The following hardware requirements must be met before the installation process in order to run ESET Gateway Security properly:
250MB of hard-disk space
256MB of RAM
glibc 2.3.6 or higher
2.6.x Linux OS kernel versions
ESET Gateway Security should work on most recent and frequently used open-source Linux distributions if the above criteria are
met. The following Linux distributions (x86/x64) are officially supported:
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
SUSE Linux Enterprise
ESET Gateway Security will also run on the following operating systems (but only x86, 32-bit):
NetBSD 4
FreeBSD 6, 7, 8 and 9
SUN Solaris 10
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4. Installation
After purchasing ESET Gateway Security, you will receive your authorization data (Username, Password and license key). These
credentials identify you as an ESET customer, and are required to download updates for ESET Gateway Security. The Username/
Password data is also required for downloading the initial installation package from our web site. ESET Gateway Security is
distributed as a binary file:
esets.arch.ext.bin
In the binary file shown above, ‘ext’ is a Linux, BSD and Solaris OS distribution dependent suffix, i.e., ‘deb’ for Debian, ‘rpm’ for
RedHat and SuSE, ‘tgz’ for other Linux OS distributions, ‘fbs7.tgz’ for FreeBSD 7.x, ‘fbs8.tgz’ for FreeBSD 8.x, ‘nbs4.tgz’ for NetBSD
4.xx and ‘sol10.pkg.gz‘ for Solaris 10.
The ‘arch’ value represents a computer architecture, either ‘i386’ for 32-bit OS distributions or ‘amd64’, ‘x86_64’ for 64-bit.
To install or upgrade your product, run the ESET distribution script appropriate for the OS distribution and architecture that you
have:
sh
sh
sh
sh
./esets.i386.deb.bin
./esets.i386.fbs8.tgz.bin
./esets.amd64.deb.bin
./esets.x86_64.rpm.bin
Once you accept the product License Agreement, you will be prompted to enable or disable the Samples submission system
during the installation.
Figure 4-1. Installation of ESET Gateway Security via Terminal.
An installation package esets-version.arch.ext will be created and placed in the current working directory. Information regarding
the installation, uninstallation or upgrade will be displayed onscreen.
To complete the installation or upgrade of your product, run the newly created esets-version.arch.ext file using the appropriate
syntax for your OS distribution:
Linux OS:
dpkg –i esets-4.0.x.i386.deb
rpm –U esets-4.0.x.i386.rpm
BSD OS:
pkg_add esets-4.0.x.i386.fbs8.tgz
Solaris:
gunzip esets-4.0.x.i386.sol10.pkg.gz
pkgadd –d esets-4.0.x.i386.sol10.pkg
Note: The procedure with an installation package esets-version.arch.ext is available only for versions 4.0.8 and below. Enabling
or disabling the Samples submission system is available from version 4.0.10.
Import the license files:
@SBINDIR@/esets_lic --import file.lic
7
Enter your Username and Password information into the global section of the ESET configuration file using a text editor:
vi @ETCDIR@/esets.cfg
Edit the ESETS Update options section of the ESETS configuration file.
av_update_username = "EAV-12345678"
av_update_password = "yourpassword"
Start main daemon service:
Linux OS:
BSD OS:
/etc/init.d/esets start
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/esets.sh start
Once the package is installed, you can verify that the main ESETS service is running by using the following command:
Linux OS:
BSD OS:
Solaris:
ps -C esets_daemon
ps -ax | grep esets_daemon
ps -A | grep esets_daemon
After pressing ENTER, you should see the following (or similar) message:
PID TTY
2226 ?
2229 ?
TIME CMD
00:00:00 esets_daemon
00:00:00 esets_daemon
At least two ESETS daemon processes are running in the background. The first PID represents the process and threads manager of
the system. The other represents the ESETS scanning process.
To help you easily integrate ESET Security with your system, you can also use the ESET Security interactive automated install
script. You can undo all changes later. A list of available ESETS installations/uninstallations according to imported licenses will
be displayed.
@SBINDIR@/esets_setup
8
5. Architecture Overview
Once ESET Gateway Security is successfully installed, you should become familiar with its architecture.
Figure 4-1. Structure of ESET Gateway Security.
The structure of ESET Gateway Security is shown in Figure 4-1. The system is comprised of the following parts:
CORE
The core of ESET Gateway Security is the ESETS daemon (esets_daemon). The daemon uses ESETS API library libesets.so and ESETS
loading modules em00X_xx.dat to provide base system tasks such as scanning, maintenance of the agent daemon processes,
maintenance of the samples submission system, logging, notification, etc. Please refer to the esets_daemon(8) man page for
details.
AGENTS
The purpose of ESETS agent modules is to integrate ESETS with the Linux, BSD and Solaris server environment.
UTILITIES
The utility modules provide simple and effective system management. They are responsible for system tasks such as license
management, quarantine management, system setup and update.
CONFIGURATION
Proper configuration is the most important aspect of your security system; the remainder of this chapter is dedicated to
explaining all related components. A thorough understanding of the esets.cfg file is also highly recommended, as this file
contains information essential to the configuration of ESET Gateway Security.
After the product is successfully installed, all its configuration components are stored in the ESETS configuration directory. The
directory consists of the following files:
@ETCDIR@/esets.cfg
This is the most important configuration file, as it controls all major aspects of the product’s functionality. The esets.cfg file is
made up of several sections, each of which contains various parameters. The file contains one global and several “agent“
sections, with all section names enclosed in square brackets. Parameters in the global section are used to define configuration
options for the ESETS daemon as well as default values for the ESETS scanning engine configuration. Parameters in agent sections
are used to define configuration options of modules used to intercept various data flow types in the computer and/or its
neighborhood, and prepare it for scanning. Note that in addition to the various parameters used for system configuration, there
are also rules governing the organization of the file. For detailed information on the most effective way to organize this file,
please refer to the esets.cfg(5) and esets_daemon(8) man pages, as well as relevant agents' man page.
@ETCDIR@/certs
This directory is used to store the certificates used by the ESETS web interface for authentication. Please see the esets_wwwi(8)
man page for details.
9
@ETCDIR@/license
This directory is used to store the product(s) license key(s) you have acquired from your vendor. Note that the ESETS daemon will
check only this directory for a valid license key.
@ETCDIR@/scripts/license_warning_script
If enabled by the Scheduler task named Threat notification, this script will be executed 30 days (once per day) before product
license expiration, sending an email notification about the expiration status to the system administrator.
@ETCDIR@/scripts/daemon_notification_script
If enabled by the Scheduler task named License expiration, this script is executed in the event of a detected infiltration by the
antivirus system. It is used to send email notification about the event to the system administrator.
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6. Integration with Internet Gateway services
ESET Gateway Security protects the organization’s HTTP and FTP services against viruses, worms, trojans, spyware, phishing and
other internet threats. The term Gateway Server refers to layer 3, or the ‘router’ level of the ISO/OSI model. In this chapter, we
review the process of integrating ESET Gateway Security with various services.
6.1 Transparent HTTP/FTP proxy configuration
The configuration for transparent proxying is based on a standard routing mechanism as shown in Figure 5-1 below:
Figure 5-1. Scheme of ESET Gateway Security as a transparent proxy
The configuration is created naturally as kernel IP routing tables are defined on each local network client. These routing tables
are used to establish static routes to the default network gateway server (router). On a DHCP network, this is done automatically.
All HTTP (or FTP) communication with outbound servers is then routed via network gateway server, where ESET Gateway Security
must be installed in order to scan the communication for infiltrations. For this purpose, a generic ESETS HTTP (or FTP) filter has
been developed, called esets_http (or esets_ftp).
To configure ESET Gateway Security to scan HTTP (or FTP) messages routed through the network gateway server, enter the
command:
@SBINDIR@/esets_setup
Follow the instructions provided by the script. When the ‘Available installations/un-installations’ offer appears, choose the
‘HTTP’ (or FTP) option to display the ‘install/uninstall’ options, then choose ‘install’. This will automatically configure the
module to listen on a predefined port. It also redirects IP packets originating from the selected network and with HTTP (or FTP)
destination port to the port where esets_http (or esets_ftp) listens. This means that only requests originally sent to HTTP (or FTP)
destination ports will be scanned. If you also wish to monitor other ports, equivalent redirection rules must be assigned.
In default mode, the installer shows all steps which will be performed and also creates a backup of the configuration, which can
be restored at any time. The detailed installer utility steps for all possible scenarios are also described in appendix A of this
document.
11
6.2 Manual HTTP/FTP proxy configuration
The manual proxy configuration (see Figure 5-2) is characterized by explicitly configuring the proxied user agent to listen on a
specific port and address of the parent proxy.
Figure 5-2. Scheme of ESET Gateway Security as a manual proxy
With this configuration, the proxy server usually modifies transferred requests and/or responses, i.e., non-transparent mode.
The manual proxying functionality of esets_http has been tested with a wide range of common user agents (i.e., proxy caches)
such as Squid Proxy Cache and SafeSquid, as well as web browsers such as Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Netscape, and Konqueror. In
general, any HTTP user agent which supports manual parent proxy settings will cooperate with the esets_http module. In the next
section, we describe the manual proxy configuration setting of esets_http with Mozilla Firefox and Squid Web Proxy Cache, as
these are the most common HTTP user agent applications.
6.2.1
Manual proxy configuration of Mozilla Firefox
The manual HTTP/FTP proxy configuration of esets_http with Mozilla Firefox is illustrated in Figure 5-2.
This configuration allows ESET Gateway Security to be installed anywhere within the local network, including the gateway server
and the user agent’s computer.
In the example below, esets_http is configured to listen on port 8080 of a computer with local network IP address 192.168.1.10,
by specifying the following parameters in the [http] section of the ESETS configuration file:
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = "192.168.1.10"
listen_port = 8080
The parameter ‘listen_addr’ can also be the host name which is visible from the local network.
To configure Firefox to use esets_http, click Tools > Options from the main menu, and click Advanced. Click the Network tab and
then click the Settings... button. In the Connection Settings window, select the Manual Proxy Configuration option. Finally, enter
the host name or IP address in the HTTP Proxy (or FTP Proxy) field, and enter the Port values which esets_http listens on (in this
example, IP address 192.168.1.10 and port 8080 shall be specified). To reread the newly created configuration, reload the ESETS
daemon.
It should be noted that the configuration described here is not optimal for networks with a large number of client computers.
This is because the HTTP cache (if any) is present only in the user agent - thus, the same source object is scanned multiple times
when requested from different user agents.
6.2.2
Manual proxy configuration of Squid
The manual HTTP proxy configuration of esets_http with Squid is illustrated in the right hand side of Figure 5-2.
The significant difference from the previously described configuration is that ESET Gateway Security is installed on the HTTP/FTP
Gateway between the proxy cache (Squid in this example) and the Internet. All inbound HTTP/FTP communications are first
scanned for infiltrations and then stored in the dedicated network cache. In other words, all previously requested source objects
present within the proxy cache are already checked for viruses and no additional checking is necessary when requested again.
12
In the following example, esets_http is configured to listen on port 8080 of the gateway server, with a local network IP address of
192.168.1.10, by specifying the following parameters in the [http] section of the ESETS configuration file:
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = ”192.168.1.10”
listen_port = 8080
Note that the parameter ‘listen_addr’ can be used to specify the host name visible from the local network and also can be used to
allow esets_http to listen to all interfaces, by entering an address of 0.0.0.0. Use caution in the latter case, as users outside the
local network would be allowed to use the HTTP/FTP scanner unless additional security is added to prevent this.
To set up Squid to use esets_http as a parent proxy, add the following lines to the Squid configuration file (/etc/squid/
squid.conf):
cache_peer 192.168.1.10 parent 8080 0 no-query default
acl all src all
never_direct allow all
If an earlier version (2.x) is installed, add the following lines to the Squid configuration file:
cache_peer 192.168.1.10 parent 8080 0 no-query default
acl all src 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0
never_direct allow all
In the example above, Squid has been configured to use HTTP proxy listening at IP address 192.168.1.10 on port 8080 as a parent
proxy. All requests processed by Squid will be passed to this destination. The remaining lines are used to configure error
message reporting in the event that the parent proxy is down or becomes unreachable. To configure Squid to attempt direct
connections when the parent proxy is unreachable, add the following parameters to the Squid configuration file:
cache_peer 192.168.1.10 parent 8080 0 no-query
prefer_direct off
To reread the newly created configuration, reload the ESETS daemon.
6.3 Internet Content Adaptation configuration
The Internet Content Adaptation is a well known method aimed at providing object-based content vectoring for HTTP services. It
is based on the Internet Content Adaptation Protocol (ICAP) described in the RFC-3507 memo. Configuration for integrating the
ICAP services is shown in Figure 5-3:
Figure 5-3. Scheme of ESET Gateway Security as a ICAP server.
The Proxy Cache receives the HTTP request from the User Agent and/or the response from the HTTP server and then encapsulates
the message into the ICAP request. The Proxy Cache must also work in this case as the ICAP client and pass the ICAP request for
the message adaptation to ESET Gateway Security, namely to a generic ESETS ICAP server - esets_icap. The module provides
scanning of the encapsulated message body for infiltration. Based on the scanning result, it then provides an appropriate ICAP
response which is sent back to the ICAP client, or to the Proxy Cache, for further delivery.
To configure ESET Gateway Security to scan HTTP messages which are encapsulated in ICAP requests, enter the command:
@SBINDIR@/esets_setup
Follow the instructions provided by the script. When the ‘Available installations/un-installations’ offer appears, choose the
‘ICAP’ option to display the ‘install/uninstall’ options. Choose ‘install’ to automatically configure the module to listen on a
13
predefined port and reload the ESETS daemon service.
In default mode, the installer shows all steps which will be performed and also creates a backup of the configuration, which can
be restored later at any time. The detailed installer utility steps for all possible scenarios are also described in appendix A of
this documentation.
The second step of the ICAP configuration method is activating the ICAP client functionality within the Proxy Cache. The ICAP
client must be configured in order to properly request the esets_icap for the infiltration scanning service. The initial request line
of the ICAP request must be entered as follows:
METHOD icap://server/av_scan ICAP/1.0
or
METHOD icap://server/avscan ICAP/1.0
In the above example, METHOD is the ICAP method used, ‘server’ is the server name (or IP address), and /av_scan or /avscan is
the esets_icap infiltrations scanning service identifier.
6.4 Long Transfer Handling
Under normal conditions, objects are first transferred from the HTTP server (or client) to esets_http, scanned for infiltrations and
then transferred to the HTTP client (or server). For long transfers (longer than time defined by the parameter ‘transfer_delay’) this
is not an optimal scenario - the user agent’s timeout setting or the user’s impatience can cause interrupts or even canceling of
the object transfer. Therefore, other methods of processing must be implemented. These are described in the following two
sections.
Method of deferred scan
With esets_http, a technique known as the deferred scan method of handling long transfers can be employed. This means if the
transfer is too long, esets_http will begin to send the object transparently to an awaiting HTTP end-point, such as a client or
server. After the last part of the object has arrived, the object is scanned for infiltrations. If the object has been found as
infected, the last part of the object (last 4KB of object’s data) is not sent to the awaiting end-point and the connection to the endpoint is then dropped. Meanwhile, an email message containing details about the dangerous file transfer is sent to the Gateway
administrator. This email notification is sent only in a server-to-client data transfer. Additionally, the URL of the source object is
stored in the esets_http cache in order to block the source transfer if requested again.
Be aware that the deferred scan technique described above presents a potential risk to the computer requesting the infected file
for the first time. This is because some parts of the already transferred data can contain executable, dangerous code. For this
reason, ESET developed a modified version of the deferred scan technique, known as the ‘intermediate scan’.
Intermediate scan technique
The intermediate scan technique has been developed as an additional safeguard to the deferred scan method. The principle of the
intermediate scan technique is based on the idea that the scanning time of a transfer is negligible compared to the overall
processing time of the object. This concept is especially evident with long HTTP transfers, as significantly more time is needed to
transfer the object than to scan it for infiltrations. This assumption allows us to perform more than one scan during an object
transfer.
To enable this technique, the parameter ‘lt_intermediate_scan_enabled’ is entered in the [http] section of the ESETS configuration
file. This will cause objects to be scanned for infiltrations during transfer in predefined intervals, while the data which has
already been scanned is sent to an awaiting end-point such as a client or server. This method ensures that no infiltrations are
passed to the computer whose user agent has requested the transfer, because each portion of the sent data is already verified to
be safe.
It has been proven that in common circumstances where the speed of the gateway’s local network connection is higher than the
speed of the gateway connection to the Internet, the total processing time of a long transfer using the intermediate scan
technique is approximately the same as when the standard deferred scan method is used.
6.5 ESETS plug-in filter for SafeSquid Proxy Cache
In previous sections, we described the integration of ESET Gateway Security with HTTP and FTP services using esets_http and
esets_ftp. The methods described are applicable for the most common user agents, including the well known content filtering
internet proxy SafeSquid.
http://www.safesquid.com
However, ESET Gateway Security also offers an alternative method of protecting Gateway services using the esets_ssfi.so module.
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6.5.1
Operation principle
The esets_ssfi.so module is a plug-in to access all objects processed by the SafeSquid proxy cache. Once the plug-in accesses the
object, it is scanned for infiltrations using the ESETS daemon. If the object is infected, SafeSquid blocks the appropriate resource
and sends the predefined template page instead. The esets_ssfi.so module is supported by SafeSquid Advanced version 4.0.4.2 and
later. Please refer to the esets_ssfi.so(1) man pages for more information.
6.5.2
Installation and configuration
To integrate the module, you must create links from the SafeSquid modules directory to the appropriate installation locations of
the ESET Gateway Security package. In the following examples, it is assumed that SafeSquid is installed on a Linux OS in the ‘/opt/
safesquid’ directory.
mkdir /opt/safesquid/modules
ln -s @LIBDIR@/ssfi/esets_ssfi.so /opt/safesquid/modules/esets_ssfi.so
ln -s @LIBDIR@/ssfi/esets_ssfi.xml /opt/safesquid/modules/esets_ssfi.xml
/etc/init.d/safesquid restart
To complete the SafeSquid plug-in installation, first logon to the SafeSquid Web Administration Interface. Select the Config menu
from the main interface page and browse Select a Section to Configure until you find ESET Gateway Security. Click Submit and
create the antivirus profile for the ESET Gateway Security section by clicking the Add button at the bottom. Define the below
parameters within the list that appears and click Submit. Remember to save the Safesquid configuration by clicking the Save
settings button.
Comment: ESET Gateway Security
Profiles: antivirus
The SafeSquid plug-in is operational immediately after installation, but additional fine tuning should be performed. In the
following paragraphs, we explain how to configure SafeSquid to use ESETS predefined blocking templates, in the event that a
transferred source object is infected (or not scanned).
Logon to the SafeSquid Web Administration Interface. Select the Config menu from the main interface page and browse Select a
Section to Configure until you find ESET Gateway Security. Next, edit the newly created antivirus profile by clicking Edit at the
bottom of the ESET Gateway Security section. Then define the following parameters in the list that appears:
Infected template: esets_infected
Not scanned template: esets_not_scanned
After submitting the list of templates, navigate to the Templates page of the main Config menu. You will see a Path parameter that
defines the SafeSquid templates directory path. Assuming the parameter is ‘/opt/safesquid/safesquid/templates’, ensure that an
appropriate directory exists and if not, create it. In order to access the ESETS predefined templates from within this directory,
add the appropriate links using the following commands:
ln -s @LIBDIR@/ssfi/templates/ssfi_infected.html \
/opt/safesquid/safesquid/templates/ssfi_infected.html
ln -s @LIBDIR@/ssfi/templates/ssfi_not_scanned.html \
/opt/safesquid/safesquid/templates/ssfi_not_scanned.html
Next, click Add in the Templates section to add the new template definitions to the SafeSquid configuration. The following
parameters must be defined within the list that appears for the infected ESETS blocking page:
Comment: ESET Gateway Security infected template
Name: esets_infected
File: ssfi_infected.html
Mime type: text/html
Response code: 200
Type: File
Parsable: Yes
For the unscanned ESETS blocking page, the list is as follows:
Comment: ESET Gateway Security not scanned template
Name: esets_not_scanned
File: ssfi_not_scanned.html
Mime type: text/html
Response code: 200
Type: File
Parsable: Yes
To reread the newly created configuration, reload SafeSquid and the ESETS daemon.
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7. Important ESET Gateway Security mechanisms
7.1 Handle Object Policy
The Handle Object Policy (see figure 6-1) mechanism provides filtering for scanned objects based on their status. This
functionality is based on the following configuration options:
action_av
action_av_infected
action_av_notscanned
action_av_deleted
For detailed information on these options, please refer to the esets.cfg(5) man page.
Figure 6-1. Scheme of Handle Object Policy mechanism.
Every processed object is first handled according to the configuration of the ‘action_av‘ option. If this option is set to ‘accept’ (or
‘defer’, ‘discard’, ‘reject’) the object is accepted (or deferred, discarded, rejected). If the option is set to ‘scan’ the object is scanned
for virus infiltrations, and if the ‘av_clean_mode’ option is set to ‘yes’, the object is also cleaned. In addition, the configuration
options ‘action_av_infected’, ‘action_av_notscanned’ and ‘action_av_deleted’ are taken into account to further evaluate object
handling. If an ‘accept’ action has been taken as a result of these three action options, the object is accepted. Otherwise, the
object is blocked.
7.2 User Specific Configuration
The purpose of the User Specific Configuration mechanism is to provide a higher degree of customization and functionality. It
allows the system administrator to define ESETS antivirus scanner parameters based on the user who is accessing file system
objects.
A detailed description of this functionality can be found in the esets.cfg(5) man page. In this section we will provide only a short
example of a user-specific configuration.
In this example, the esets_http module is used to control HTTP traffic on port 8080 of the gateway server, with a local network IP
address of 192.168.1.10. The functionality of esets_http is based on the [http] section of the ESETS configuration file. See the
following lines:
[http]
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = "192.168.1.10"
listen_port = 8080
action_av = "scan"
To provide individual parameter settings, define the ‘user_config’ parameter with the path to the special configuration file where
the individual setting will be stored. In the next example, we create a reference to the special configuration file
‘esets_http_spec.cfg’, which is located in the ESETS configuration directory. See below:
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[http]
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = "192.168.1.10"
listen_port = 8080
action_av = "scan"
user_config = "esets_http_spec.cfg"
Once the special configuration file is referenced from within the [http] section, create the ‘esets_http_spec.cfg’ file in the ESETS
configuration directory and add the appropriate individual settings. The next example shows the individual setting for
parameter ‘action_av’, for the client computer with IP address 192.168.1.40. See below:
[|192.168.1.40]
action_av = "reject"
Note that the section header identifies the HTTP client for which the individual settings have been created, and the section body
contains individual parameters for that HTTP client. With this special configuration, HTTP traffic for all local network clients
will be processed normally, i.e. scanned for infiltrations. However, access for the HTTP client with the IP address 192.168.1.40
will be rejected (blocked).
7.3 Blacklist and Whitelist
In the following example, we demonstrate creating a blacklist and whitelist for the esets_http configured as an HTTP proxy
scanner. Note that the configuration described in the previous section is used for this purpose.
To create a blacklist used by esets_http, create the following group section within the special configuration file
‘esets_http_spec.cfg’, introduced in the previous section. See below:
[black-list]
action_av = "reject"
Next, add the HTTP server to the ‘black-list’ group. To do this, the following special section must be created:
[aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd]
parent_id = "black-list"
In the example above, ‘aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd’ is the IP address of the server added to the ‘black-list’. All HTTP traffic related to the
specified server will now be rejected, i.e. the server will be blocked.
To create the ‘white-list’ used by esets_http, it is necessary to create the following group section within the special configuration
file ‘esets_http_spec.cfg’ which was introduced in the previous section. See below:
[white-list]
action_av = "accept"
Adding HTTP servers to the list is self-explanatory.
7.3.1
URL Whitelist
Whitelisting URL's can help you especially when you are experiencing problems with data streaming (e.g. video conferencing
delays). To start creating a URL whitelist that will be used by esets_http, add the desired URL address(es) to the whitelist_url
configuration file located in the @ETCDIR@/http directory as follows:
echo "streaming.address.com:80/*" >> @ETCDIR@/http/whitelist_url
Note: The syntax of the URL Whitelist comprises a list of URL addresses (one per line) as can be seen in the esets_http logging
output.
ESETS reads the list from the whitelist_url file. After adding or removing URL addresses, please restart the ESETS daemon. For more
information please read the esets_http(1) man page.
7.4 Samples Submission System
The Samples submission system is an intelligent ThreatSense.Net technology that collects infected objects that have been
detected by advanced heuristics and delivers them to the samples submission system server. All virus samples collected by the
sample submission system will be processed by the ESET virus laboratory and if necessary, added to the ESET virus signature
database.
Note: According to our license agreement, by enabling the sample submission system you are agreeing to allow the computer
and/or platform on which the esets_daemon is installed to collect data (which may include personal information about you
and/or other users of the computer) and samples of newly detected viruses or other threats and send them to ESET virus
laboratory. This feature is disabled by default. All information collected will be used only to analyze new threats and will not be
used for any other purpose.
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In order to enable sampling, the samples submission system cache must be initialized. This can be achieved by selecting
‘samples_enabled’ in the [global] section of the ESETS configuration file.
For more information on the Samples Submission System and its options, please refer to the esets_daemon(8) mane page.
7.5 Scheduler
The Scheduler's functionality includes running scheduled tasks at a specified time or on a specific event, managing and
launching tasks with predefined configuration and properties and more. Task configuration and properties can be used to
influence launch dates and times, but also to expand the application of tasks by introducing the use of custom profiles during
task execution.
The ‘scheduler_tasks’ option is commented by default, causing the default scheduler configuration to be applied. In the ESETS
configuration file all parameters and tasks are semicolon-separated. Any other semicolons (and backslashes) must be
backslash escaped. Each task has 6 parameters and the syntax is as follows:
id – Unique number.
name – Task description.
flags – Special flags to disable the specified scheduler task can be set here.
failstart – Instructs what to do if task could not be run on scheduled date.
datespec – A regular date specification with 6 (crontab like year-extended) fields, recurrent date or an event name option.
command – Can be an absolute path to a command followed by its arguments or a special command name with the ‘@’ prefix
(e.g. anti-virus update: @update).
#scheduler_tasks = "id;name;flags;failstart;datespec;command;id2;name2;...";
The following event names can be used in place of the datespec option:
start – Daemon startup.
startonce – Daemon startup but at most once a day.
engine – Successful engine update.
login – Web interface logon startup.
threat – Threat detected.
notscanned – Not scanned email or file.
licexp – 30 days before license expiration.
To display the current scheduler configuration, use the Web interface or run the following command:
cat @ETCDIR@/esets.cfg | grep scheduler_tasks
For a full description of Scheduler and its parameters refer to the Scheduler section of the esets_daemon(8) man page.
7.6 Web Interface
The web interface allows user-friendly configuration, administration and license management of ESET Security systems. This
module is a separate agent and must be explicitly enabled. To quickly configure the Web Interface, set the following options in
the ESETS configuration file and restart the ESETS daemon:
[wwwi]
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = address
listen_port = port
username = name
password = pass
Replace the text in italics with your own values and direct your browser to ‘https://address:port’ (note the https). Login with
‘username/password’. Basic usage instructions can be found on the help page and technical details about esets_wwwi can be
found on the esets_wwwi(1) man page.
The web interface allows you to remotely access the ESETS daemon and deploy it easily. This powerful utility makes it easy to
read and write configuration values.
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Figure 6-1. ESET Security for Linux - Home screen.
The web interface window of ESET Gateway Security is divided into two main sections. The primary window, that serves to display
the contents of the selected menu option and the main menu. This horizontal bar on the top lets you navigate between the
following main options:
Home – provides basic system and ESET product information
Licenses – is a license management utility, see the following chapter for mode details
Configuration – you can change the ESET Gateway Security system configuration here
Control – allows you to run simple tasks and view global statistics about objects processed by esets_daemon
Help – provides detailed usage instructions for the ESET Gateway Security web interface
Logout – use to end your current session
Important: Make sure you click the Save changes button after making any changes in the Configuration section of the web
interface to save your new settings. To apply your settings you will need to restart the ESETS daemon by clicking Apply changes on
the left pane.
7.6.1
License management
You can upload a new license using the web interface, as shown in Figure 6-2.
If you want to display licenses in the console, use the following command:
@SBINDIR@/esets_lic --list
If you want to import new license files, use the following command:
@SBINDIR@/esets_lic --import *.lic
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Figure 6-2. ESET Licenses.
You can enable the license notification option in the Scheduler section options. If enabled, this functionality will notify you 30
days prior to your license expiration.
7.6.2
Agent HTTP configuration example
ESETS can be configured in two ways. In this example, we will demonstrate how to use both when configuring the HTTP module,
leaving you with the choice of your preferred configuration method:
Using the ESETS configuration file:
[http]
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = "0.0.0.0"
listen_port = 8080
Using the web interface:
Figure 6-3. ESETS - Configuration > HTTP Proxy.
Always remember to save your new configuration by clicking Save changes. To apply your new changes, click the Apply changes
button in the Configuration sections panel.
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7.6.2.1 HTTP Agent testing with the Mozilla Firefox
To test ESETS HTTP Agent on your local machine, you need to set the local proxy server to ‘localhost:8080’. See the figure below
for an example of such configuration in the Mozilla Firefox brower:
Figure 6-5. Mozilla Firefox - Network Settings.
Note: You do not need to configure the local machines connected to the ESETS server in the same manner. However, you will still
need to set a transparent http proxy via netfilter (see section A.1 for details).
If attempting to open an infected file, a warning message similar to the one on the figure below will display in your browser
window:
Figure 6-7. ESETS warning message.
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7.6.3
Scheduler
You can manage the scheduler tasks either via ESET configuration file (see chapter Scheduler) or using the web interface.
Figure 6-5. ESETS - Global > Scheduler.
Click the checkbox to enable/disable a scheduled task. By default, the following scheduled tasks are displayed:
Log maintenance – The program automatically deletes older logs in order to save hard disk space. The Scheduler will start
defragmenting logs. All empty log entries will be removed during this process. This will improve the speed when working with
logs. The improvement will be more noticeable if the logs contain a large number of entries.
Automatic startup file check – Scans memory and running services after a successful update of the virus signature database.
Regular automatic update – Regularly updating ESET Gateway Security is the best method of keeping the maximum level of
security on your computer. See ESETS update utility for more information.
Regular update of AntiSpam modules – The period after which ESETS will check for available antispam module updates. If you do
not set this scheduled task, ESETS will not regularly update its antispam database.
Note: For this option to be available you must have a valid license for ESET Mail Security.
Threat notification – By default, each threat will be logged into syslog. In addition, ESETS can be configured to run an external
(notification) script to notify a system administrator via email about threat detection.
License expiration – If enabled, this functionality will notify you 30 days prior to your license expiration. This task will run the
@ETCDIR@/scripts/license_warning_script shell script, which sends an email to the email address of the root user account. The
script can be customized to reflect specific server needs.
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7.6.4
Statistics
You can view statistics for all of active ESETS agents here. The Statistics summary refreshes every 10 seconds.
Figure 6-6. ESETS - Control > Statistics.
7.7 Remote Administration
ESETS supports ESET Remote Administration for gateway security management in large computer networks. The ESETS Remote
Administration Client is part of the main ESETS daemon and performs the following functions:
Communicates with ERA Server and provides you with system information, configuration, protection statuses and several
other features
Allows client configurations to be viewed/modified using the ESET Configuration Editor and implemented with the help of
configuration tasks
Can perform Update Now tasks
Performs On-demand scans as requested, and submits the results back to ERA Server Scan Log
Note: For this option to be available you must have a valid license for ESET File Security.
Adds logs of notable scans performed by the ESETS daemon to Threat Log
Sends all non-debug messages to Event Log
These functionalities are not supported:
Firewall Log
Remote Install
Figure 6-7. ERA Console tabs.
For more information, please read the ESET Remote Administrator manual. This manual is located on our web site at the
following link:
http://www.eset.com/documentation
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7.7.1
Remote Administration usage example
Before commencing any remote administration process, ensure your system fulfills the three following prerequisites:
Running ERA Server
Running ERA Console
Enable RA Client in the ESETS daemon. Ensure that firewall settings do not block traffic to ERA Server or vice versa.
To setup the basics, specify the address of your ERA Server in the ‘racl_server_addr’ parameter first. If you are using a password to
access the ERA Console password, you must edit the value of the ‘racl_password’ parameter accordingly. Change the value of the
‘racl_interval’ parameter to adjust the frequency of connections to ERA Server (in minutes).
You can either use the web interface (see also previous chapter) to apply the new configuration, or you can adjust these
parameters in the [global] section of the ESETS configuration file as follows:
racl_server_addr = "yourServerAddress"
racl_server_port = 2222
racl_password = "yourPassword"
racl_interval = 1
Note: All applicable ESET Remote Administration Client variables are listed on the esets_daemon(8) man page.
The ESETS daemon configuration will be reloaded and RACL will connect to ERA Server. You will be able to see a newly connected
client in your ERA Console. Press the F5 button (or Menu > View > Refresh) to manually refresh the list of connected clients.
Figure 6-8. ERA Console.
By using ERA Console you can create a configuration task to ESETS daemon from ERA Console:
Right-click the connected Client Name
Navigate to New Task > Configuration Task > Create...
Expand the Unix ESET Security tree
For an example of a configuration task by the DAC agent, see below:
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Figure 6-8. ERA Configuration Editor.
The New Task context menu contains On-demand scanning options (enabled/disabled cleaning).
You can select the desired product that you wish to set the task for in the On-Demand Scan pop-up window in the Configuration
Section drop-down menu. Make sure that you select the On-demand Scan task for Unix ESET Security Product option (i.e. the
product that is installed on your target workstation).
Figure 6-9. ERA On-demand scan.
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7.8 Logging
ESETS provides system daemon logging via syslog. Syslog is a standard for logging program messages and can be used to log
system events such as network and security events.
Messages refer to a facility:
auth, authpriv, daemon, cron, ftp, lpr, kern, mail, ..., local0, ..., local7
Messages are assigned a priority/level by the sender of the message:
Error, Warning, Summall, Summ, Partall, Part, Info, Debug
This section describes how to configure and read the logging output of syslog. The ‘syslog_facility’ option (default value ‘daemon’)
defines the syslog facility used for logging. To modify syslog settings edit the ESETS configuration file or use the Web interface.
Modify the value of the ‘syslog_class’ parameter to change the logging class. We recommend you modify these settings only if you
are familiar with syslog. For an example syslog configuration, see below:
syslog_facility = "daemon"
syslog_class = "error:warning:summall"
The name and location of the log file depend on your syslog installation and configuration (e.g. rsyslog, syslog-ng, etc.). Standard
filenames for syslog output files are for example ‘syslog’, 'daemon.log', etc. To follow syslog activity, run one of the following
commands from the console:
tail -f /var/log/syslog
tail -100 /var/log/syslog | less
cat /var/log/syslog | grep esets | less
If you enable ESET Remote Administration, ERA log entries older than given days by the option ‘racl_logs_lifetime’ will be
automatically deleted.
7.9 Command-line scripts
ESETS commands can be launched using the command line – manually (@SBINDIR@/esets_*) or with a batch (".sh") script. ESETS
command-line usage:
esets_daemon
ESET Security Daemon is the main ESET’S system control and scanning Daemon module. It reads all the
ESET’S scanner configuration from the main ESET’S configuration file and provides all the main tasks.
Usage: @SBINDIR@/esets_daemon [OPTIONS..]
esets_inst
ESET system integrator can be used to display and optionally execute commands that integrate ESET’S
with your system. This module features installation for http and ftp.
Usage: @SBINDIR@/esets_inst [OPTIONS..] [COMMAND]
esets_lic
ESET’S license management utility features management options, which allow you to display
information about your licenses, import license files to the license directory or remove expired
licenses.
Usage: @SBINDIR@/esets_lic [OPTIONS..] [COMMAND] [FILES..]
esets_quar
ESET‘S quarantine management utility module allows you to import any file system object into the
quarantine storage area.
Usage: @SBINDIR@/esets_quar ACTIONS [RULES] [OBJECTS..]
esets_scan
ESET Command-line scanner is an on-demand anti-virus scanning module, which provides scanning of
the file system objects upon user request using command line interface.
Usage: @SBINDIR@/esets_scan [OPTIONS..] FILES..
esets_set
ESETS configuration file SET-up utility allows you to modify the ESET’S configuration file as requested by
given command.
Usage: @SBINDIR@/esets_set [OPTIONS..] [COMMAND]
esets_setup
ESET’S setup utility is an interactive automated install script to help you easily integrate ESET Security
with your system.
Usage: @SBINDIR@/esets_setup [OPTIONS..] [COMMAND]
esets_update
ESET‘S update utility is a system utility for the creation, update and maintenance of the ESET’S modules
storage mirrors as well as for update of ESET’S system.
Usage: @BINDIR@/esets_update [OPTIONS..]
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8. ESET Security system update
8.1 ESETS update utility
To maintain the effectiveness of ESET Gateway Security, the virus signature database must be kept up to date. The esets_update
utility has been developed specifically for this purpose. See the esets_update(8) man page for details. To launch an update, the
configuration options ‘av_update_username’ and ‘av_update_password’ must be defined in the [global] section of the ESETS
configuration file. In the event that your server accesses the Internet via HTTP proxy, the additional configuration options
‘proxy_addr’, ‘proxy_port’ must be defined. If access to the HTTP proxy requires a username and password, the ‘proxy_username’
and ‘proxy_password’ options must also be defined in this section. To initiate an update, enter the following command:
@SBINDIR@/esets_update
To provide the highest possible security for the end user, the ESET team continuously collects virus definitions from all over the
world - new patterns are added to the virus signature database in very short intervals. For this reason, we recommend that
updates be initiated on a regular basis. To be able to specify the frequency of updates, you need to configure the ‘@update’ task
in the ‘scheduler_tasks’ option in the [global] section of the ESETS configuration file. You can also use the Scheduler to set the
update frequency. The ESETS daemon must be up and running in order to successfully update the virus signature database.
8.2 ESETS update process description
The update process consists of two stages: First, the precompiled update modules are downloaded from the ESET server. If
‘av_mirror_enabled’ is set to yes in the [global] section of the ESETS configuration file, copies (or mirrors) of these update
modules are created in the following directory:
@BASEDIR@/mirror
‘av_mirror_pcu’ allows you to download Program Component Update (PCU) modules for Windows-based ESET security products.
These modules can be mirrored from the ESET server.
Note: To enable the mirror and download PCUs for ESET NOD32 Antivirus, ESET Smart Security, ESET Endpoint Antivirus or ESET
Endpoint Security, you have to:
set your Username and Password for update purposes (as described in the topic above),
import a license for your specific ESET product.
The second stage of the update process is the compilation of modules loadable by the ESET Gateway Security scanner from those
stored in the local mirror. Typically, the following ESETS loading modules are created: loader module (em000.dat), scanner
module (em001.dat), virus signature database module (em002.dat), archives support module (em003.dat), advanced heuristics
module (em004.dat), etc. The modules are created in the following directory:
@BASEDIR@
This is the directory where the ESETS daemon loads modules from and thus can be redefined using the ‘base_dir’ option in the
[global] section of the ESETS configuration file.
8.3 ESETS mirror http daemon
The http mirror daemon in ESET Gateway Security allows you to create copies of update files which can be used to update other
workstations located in the network. Creation of the "mirror" – a copy of the update files in the LAN environment is convenient,
since the update files need not be downloaded from the vendor update server repeatedly and by each workstation. They are
downloaded centrally to the local mirror server and then distributed to all workstations, therefore avoiding the potential risk of
network traffic overload. This is also a typical feature of ESET Remote Administrator.
The http mirror daemon needs to be properly configured to start and enable the mirror. In the example below esets_mird is
configured to listen on port 2221 of a computer with the local network IP address 192.168.1.10. The following parameters in the
[mird] section of the ESETS configuration file need to be specified:
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = "192.168.1.10"
listen_port = 2221
Options ‘listen_port’ and ‘listen_addr’ define the port (default 2221) and address (default: all local tcp addresses) where the http
server listens. If you set the value of the ‘auth_mode’ switch from 'none' to 'basic', the mirror will require authentication. The
options ‘username’ and ‘password’ allow the administrator to define the login and password required to access the Mirror.
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9. Let us know
We hope this guide has provided you with a thorough understanding of the requirements for ESET Gateway Security installation,
configuration and maintenance. It is our goal to continually improve the quality and effectiveness of our documentation.
For additional assistance with your ESET product, please visit our online Knowledgebase at the following URL:
http://kb.eset.com
If you feel that any sections in this guide are unclear or incomplete or you are unable to resolve your issue, please let us know by
using the support form directly:
http://www.eset.com/support/contact
We are dedicated to provide the highest level of support and look forward to helping you should you experience any problems
concerning this product.
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10. Appendix A. ESETS setup and configuration
10.1 Setting ESETS for scanning of HTTP communication - transparent mode
HTTP scanning is performed using the esets_http daemon. In the [http] section of the ESETS configuration file, set the following
parameters:
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = "192.168.1.10"
listen_port = 8080
In the example above, ‘listen_addr’ is the address of the local network interface named ‘if0’. Restart the ESETS daemon. The next
step is to redirect all HTTP requests to esets_http. If IP-filtering is being performed by the ipchains administration tool, an
appropriate rule would be:
ipchains -A INPUT -p tcp -i if0 --dport 80 -j REDIRECT 8080
If IP-filtering is being performed by the iptables administration tool, the rule is:
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp -i if0 --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-ports 8080
On FreeBSD, the rule is:
ipfw add fwd 192.168.1.10,8080 tcp from any to any 80 via if0 in
On NetBSD and Solaris, the rule is:
echo 'rdr if0 0.0.0.0/0 port 80 -> 192.168.1.10 port 8080 tcp' | ipnat -f -
10.2 Setting ESETS for scanning of FTP communication - transparent mode
FTP scanning is performed using the esets_ftp daemon. In the [ftp] section of the ESETS configuration file, set the following
parameters:
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = "192.168.1.10"
listen_port = 2121
In the example above, ‘listen_addr’ is the address of the local network interface named ‘if0’. Restart the ESETS daemon. Then,
redirect all FTP requests to esets_ftp. If IP-filtering is being performed by the ipchains administration tool, an appropriate rule
would be:
ipchains -A INPUT -p tcp -i if0 --dport 21 -j REDIRECT 2121
If IP-filtering is being performed by the iptables administration tool, the rule is:
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp -i if0 --dport 21 -j REDIRECT --to-ports 2121
On FreeBSD, the rule is:
ipfw add fwd 192.168.1.10,2121 tcp from any to any 21 via if0 in
On NetBSD and Solaris, the rule is:
echo 'rdr if0 0.0.0.0/0 port 21 -> 192.168.1.10 port 2121 tcp' | ipnat -f -
10.3 Setting ESETS for scanning of ICAP encapsulated HTTP messages
ICAP encapsulated HTTP message scanning is performed using the esets_icap daemon. In the [icap] section of the ESETS
configuration file, set the following parameters:
agent_enabled = yes
listen_addr = "192.168.1.10"
listen_port = 1344
In the example above, ‘listen_addr’ is the address of the local network interface named ‘if0’. After adding these parameters,
restart the ESETS daemon.
29
11. Appendix B. PHP License
The PHP License, version 3.01 Copyright (c) 1999 - 2006 The PHP Group. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, is permitted provided that the following
conditions are met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
3. The name “PHP” must not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without prior written
permission. For written permission, please contact group@php.net.
4. Products derived from this software may not be called “PHP”, nor may “PHP” appear in their name, without prior written
permission from group@php.net. You may indicate that your software works in conjunction with PHP by saying “Foo for PHP”
instead of calling it “PHP Foo” or “phpfoo”
5. The PHP Group may publish revised and/or new versions of the license from time to time. Each version will be given a
distinguishing version number. Once covered code has been published under a particular version of the license, you may
always continue to use it under the terms of that version. You may also choose to use such covered code under the terms of
any subsequent version of the license published by the PHP Group. No one other than the PHP Group has the right to modify
the terms applicable to covered code created under this License.
6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following acknowledgment: “This product includes PHP software,
freely available from <http://www.php.net/software/>”.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE PHP DEVELOPMENT TEAM "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING,
BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE PHP DEVELOPMENT TEAM OR ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
30
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