Bosch FAS-420-TM Specifications

FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
FAS-420-TM
en
Operation Guide
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Table of Contents | en
3
Table of Contents
1
General
6
1.1
Introduction
6
1.2
Safety Instructions
6
1.3
Warranty
6
1.4
Copyright
6
1.5
Disposal
7
2
Technical Specifications
8
2.1
Product Description
8
2.2
Areas of Application
10
2.3
System Overview
12
2.4
Functions
13
2.5
FAS-420-TM Series Aspirating Smoke Detectors and Accessories
17
2.5.1
Overview
17
2.5.2
FAS-420-TM Series Connections
18
2.5.3
FAS-420-TM Displays
19
2.5.4
FAS-420-TM-R Displays
20
2.5.5
FAS-420-TM-RVB Displays
21
2.5.6
FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software
21
2.5.7
Remote Indicators
22
2.6
Pipe System Components
22
2.6.1
Overview
22
2.6.2
Air Sampling Openings
23
2.6.3
Ceiling Lead-through
25
2.6.4
Air-Return Pipe for Pressure Areas and Atmospheric Loads
25
2.6.5
Water Separator for Humid Areas
26
2.7
Scope of Delivery: Smoke Aspiration System
28
2.8
Technical Specifications
30
2.8.1
FAS-420-TM Series Aspirating Smoke Detectors
30
2.8.2
Pipe system
31
2.8.3
Smoke Aspiration System Components
31
3
Planning
33
3.1
Regulations
33
3.2
Principles of Pipe Planning
34
3.3
Airflow Monitoring
36
3.4
Defining the Response Sensitivity
37
3.5
Planning Limits
38
3.6
Standard Pipe Planning
39
3.6.1
Determining the Necessary Accessories
39
3.6.2
Pipe Planning with Pipe Accessories
39
3.6.3
Planning with Air Filter
41
3.6.4
Opening Diameter
42
3.7
Planning with Single-hole Monitoring
44
3.7.1
I-pipe system
44
3.7.2
U-pipe system
45
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en | Table of Contents
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
3.7.3
M-pipe system
46
3.7.4
Double U-pipe system
48
3.8
Simplified pipe planning
49
3.8.1
I-Pipe System - Simplified Planning
49
3.8.2
U-Pipe System - Simplified Planning
50
3.8.3
U-pipe System - Simplified Planning
50
3.8.4
Double U-Pipe System - Simplified Planning
51
3.9
Planning for forced airflow
52
3.10
Power Supply
55
4
Installing the Aspirating Smoke Detector
58
4.1
General
58
4.2
Setting the Detector Address
58
4.3
Installing the Unit
59
4.4
Connection to the Fire Panel
62
4.4.1
Electrical Connection
62
4.4.2
LSN Configuration
63
4.4.3
Parameter Settings via Programming Software
63
4.4.4
Settings via the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software
64
4.5
Data Logging
65
5
Installation of the Pipe System
66
5.1
Length Change of the Pipe System
68
5.2
Air Sampling Openings
68
5.3
Ceiling Lead-through
70
5.4
Monitoring with Forced Airflow
71
5.4.1
Detection at Intake and Exhaust Openings
71
5.4.2
Detection in the Bypass
71
5.5
Air filter
72
5.5.1
Installing the Air Filter Box
72
5.6
Air-return pipe
72
5.7
Three-way tap
73
5.8
Water separator
73
5.9
Test Adapter
74
6
Commissioning
76
6.1
Preparation
76
6.2
Detector Module Commissioning
76
6.3
Calibrating the Airflow Sensor
77
6.3.1
Air-Pressure-Independent Calibration
77
6.3.2
Air-Pressure-Dependent Calibration
77
6.4
Checking the Detector Module and Alarm Transfer
79
6.5
Checking Malfunction Transmission
80
6.6
Checking Airflow Monitoring
80
6.7
Functional Test of Airflow Sensors
81
6.7.1
Preparations for the Functional Test
81
6.7.2
Conducting the Functional Test
82
6.8
Fire Source Identification Commissioning
85
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Table of Contents | en
5
Maintenance
86
7.1
Visual check
86
7.2
Detector Module and Alarm Transfer
86
7.3
Pipe System
86
7.4
Replacing the Detector Module
87
7.5
Replacing the Air Filter in the Housing Base
88
7.6
Filter Change on the Filterbox
89
7.7
Blowing-out Process for the Pipe System
90
7.8
Checking the Airflow Sensor Calibration
90
7.9
Testing the Fire Source Identification
92
7.10
Airflow monitoring
92
7.11
Malfunction Transmission
92
7.12
Maintenance Intervals
92
8
Appendix
94
8.1
DIP Switch Settings for Detector Addresses
95
8.2
Planning without air filter
97
8.2.1
Without any other pipe accessories
97
8.2.2
With water separator
97
8.3
Planning with Air Filter
98
8.3.1
Without Any Other Pipe Accessories
98
8.3.2
With water separator
98
8.4
Test Log for Aspirating Smoke Detectors in the FAS-420-TM Series
99
Index
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en | General
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
1
General
1.1
Introduction
This operation guide describes the smoke aspiration systems featuring FAS-420-TM series
Aspirating Smoke Detectors and the associated aspiration pipe system.
The FAS-420-TM designation in this operation guide refers to all FAS-420-TM series
(FAS-420-TM, FAS-420-TM-R, FAS-420-TM-RVB) versions. Specific references are made to
differences between the individual versions.
1.2
Safety Instructions
The following symbols identify points in this operation guide that require particular attention
in order to guarantee smooth operation and prevent damage.
NOTICE!
Operational malfunction can be prevented and operational improvements can be achieved by
observing these instructions.
CAUTION!
This symbol warns against actions and behavior which, if disregarded, could cause property
damage.
WARNING!
This symbol warns against actions and behavior which, if disregarded, could cause personal
injury.
1.3
Warranty
The operation guide is subject to technical modification without prior notice and makes no
claim to completeness. Our "delivery and installation conditions" apply as a matter of
principle. Warranty and liability claims in case of personal injury and property damage cannot
be asserted if they are based on one or more of the following causes:
–
Insufficient attention to the instructions with respect to planning, installation of the
aspirating smoke detector, installation of the pipe system, commissioning and
maintenance
–
Use of the smoke aspiration system contrary to the regulations
–
Insufficient monitoring of wearing parts
–
Faulty repairs
–
Arbitrary constructional changes to the smoke aspiration system
–
Acts of God.
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH, hereinafter referred to as Bosch, assumes no liability for
damage or malfunction arising through failure to comply with this operation guide.
CAUTION!
The equipment may only be installed by authorized and qualified personnel!
1.4
Copyright
The copyright to this operation guide remains with Bosch.
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Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
General | en
7
This operation guide is intended exclusively for installation engineers and their employees.
Reprinting this operation guide or extracts thereof is permitted for internal purposes only.
1.5
Disposal
Unusable electrical and electronic devices or modules must not be disposed of with normal
household refuse. They must be disposed of in compliance with the applicable regulations and
directives (e.g. WEEE in Europe).
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en | Technical Specifications
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
2
Technical Specifications
2.1
Product Description
Aspirating Smoke Detectors from the FAS-420-TM series are active fire detection devices that
are connected directly to the Local SecurityNetwork (LSN) improved version for early fire
detection. They are used for space and equipment protection as well as for monitoring air
conditioning units or ducts (provided that the FAS-420-TM is installed outside of these units
or ducts). You can also pinpoint the exact location of the fire using the innovative fire source
identification operation.
Local SecurityNetwork (LSN) improved version
FAS-420-TM series Aspirating Smoke Detectors were developed specifically for connection to
Bosch fire panels with LSN improved version technology and therefore offer the following
extended features:
–
Flexible network structures, including T-tapping with no additional elements
–
Up to 254 LSN-improved elements per loop or stub line
–
Unshielded cable can be used.
The FAS-420-TM series also offers all the established benefits of LSN technology. The
operating data and fault messages can be read off the fire panel's operating and display unit.
Variants
All FAS-420-TM series Aspirating Smoke Detectors have LED displays for operating mode,
malfunction and main alarm, and also offer an infrared diagnostics port. In addition to this,
the FAS-420-TM-R and FAS-420-TM-RVB variants offer an optical fire location display for up to
five zones. The FAS-420-TM-RVB also includes a pre-alarm display and a 10-segment smoke
level display.
Fire source identification
Innovative fire source identification technology allows the exact location of the fire to be
pinpointed by monitoring up to five distinct neighboring zones. To enable the emergency
response teams to intervene as quickly as possible, the location of the fire can also be
identified using the FNS-420-R LSN Strobes, for example, which are assigned to the various
monitoring ranges.
Sensitivity
FAS-420-TM series Aspirating Smoke Detectors have a response sensitivity of 0.5%/m to 2%/
m light obscuration. The sensitivity levels can be selected according to the area of application
using the fire panel's programming software (see Section 4.4.3 Parameter Settings via
Programming Software, page 63). The smoke level display on the FAS-420-TM-RVB model
allows a response sensitivity of 0.05%/m to 0.2%/m light obscuration.
With the new high-power light source technology, a broad detection spectrum including all
standardized fires is achieved (see Section 3.4 Defining the Response Sensitivity, page 37).
LOGIC×SENS
The intelligent signal processing LOGIC·SENS distinguishes between deception variables and
fire events in order to prevent false alarms.
Reliable airflow monitoring
Analogous to point-type smoke detectors, which are monitored electronically for wire breaks
and short-circuits, highly sensitive and dependable airflow monitoring is required for smoke
aspiration systems. The airflow sensors used in the FAS-420-TM series reliably detect
malfunctions such as pipe breakage or obstructions in the air sampling openings.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Technical Specifications | en
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Airflow monitoring is temperature-compensated and can be set depending on the air
pressure.
Plug-and-play
The plug-and-play function makes the installation and commissioning of the aspirating smoke
detectors simple. The housing base is preinstalled on site. By preinstalling the detector
module for standard applications, the FAS-420-TM series Aspirating Smoke Detectors are
ready for operation as soon as they are inserted into the housing base.
Patented air sampling openings
The air sampling openings of the pipe system require clearly defined bore diameters that
depend on the planning and design. These precise air sampling openings are created using
patented aspiration reducing film sheets, marking tape, and clips, which not only permit easy
installation, but also prevent "whistling" noises. Another advantage is the quick and easy
detection and checking of the air sampling opening diameters.
Point-type detector projection
The system’s aspiration points can be equated with point-type smoke detectors. The
monitoring areas can therefore be planned in accordance with the applicable national
regulations.
Diagnostics
A system with FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software, which enables quick and convenient error
containment, is available for maintenance and service. The current and stored (max. 72 hours)
unit status is read out to the diagnostic appliance via the unit's infrared port. The data is
transmitted from the diagnostic appliance to a laptop via a USB cable.
Selecting the fan voltage
The fan voltage can be increased for special planning from 9 V to 12 V via the fire panel's
programming software. In addition, the fan voltage can be increased up to 13.5 V in intervals
of 1 V via the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software. The increase in the fan voltage causes an
increase in the air transport speed and therefore reduces detection time.
Extensive pipe accessories
The extensive range of accessories enables the FAS-420-TM aspirating smoke detectors to be
used even in the most difficult conditions. Products from air filters and condensate separators
to blowing-out systems increase the service life in extremely dusty, damp and cold
environmental conditions.
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2.2
en | Technical Specifications
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Areas of Application
Thanks to their detection principle, FAS-420-TM aspirating smoke detectors represent an
extremely versatile fire protection solution.
Principle
Air samples are taken from the monitoring range by a pipe system with defined aspiration
borings and then fed to the detector module.
This is especially well-suited for areas in which point-type detectors cannot be used or can
only be used under certain circumstances. These include:
–
Areas that are difficult to access, in which point detectors are difficult to install and
maintain
–
Air-conditioned areas
–
Areas that require the earliest detection possible
–
Areas with a height greater than that allowed for point detectors
–
Areas in which point detectors are not desired for aesthetic reasons
–
Areas in which strong electromagnetic fields occur
–
Areas that are exposed to high or low temperatures
–
Areas with contaminated air that require filter elements
–
Areas that must be protected against vandalism.
Space protection
The FAS-420-TM series is suitable for monitoring areas such as
–
Those with double floors, false ceilings
–
Tunnels, ducts, barely accessible hollow spaces
–
Storage, high-rise warehouses, elevator shafts
–
Museums, cultural institutions
–
Hotel rooms, hospital rooms, offices, prison cells, train compartments
1
E
D
C
B
A
1
Room pipe system
2
Double-floor pipe system
1
0
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
T IT A
N U S M IC R O ·S E
NS®
E
D
C
B
A
1
0
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
T IT A
N U S M IC R O ·S E
NS®
FAS / FCS
2
Figure 2.1 Principle of area monitoring with FAS-420-TM series Aspirating Smoke Detectors
Area monitoring with air-conditioning
Area monitoring occurs
–
In rooms with air-conditioning for service rooms etc.
–
In ventilation ducts
–
In double floors, false ceilings
–
In IT rooms, e-distributor rooms, transformer cells
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Technical Specifications | en
–
On air-conditioning units (Figure 2.2) or
–
In the bypass in air-conditioning ducts.
1
Air-conditioning duct
2
Air-conditioning unit
11
1
FAS / FCS
FAS / FCS
2
FAS / FCS
Figure 2.2
Monitoring options for an air-conditioning unit or an air-
conditioning duct (depiction of principle)
The FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector can be used for early fire detection in areas with
special-purpose air conditioning.
Thanks to its high sensitivity, expensive goods and equipment can be monitored reliably. The
aspirating smoke detectors from the FAS-420-TM series are therefore especially suitable for
areas of application:
–
Where early intervention is essential due to a high value concentration
–
Where equipment must always be operational
–
Where highly sensitive detection is necessary (e.g. in areas where, due to built-in filter
elements, the air contains a low concentration of smoke particles)
–
Where high air-exchange rates prevail.
Equipment protection
Equipment monitoring involves the direct monitoring of an object. These can be unventilated
or force-cooled units or cabinets, e.g.
–
Distributor cabinets, switching cabinets
–
Telephone-switching equipment
–
Measuring, control, and regulation equipment.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
1
Clicking
1
FAS / FCS
Figure 2.3 Principle of equipment monitoring with FAS-420-TM series
Aspirating Smoke Detectors
2.3
System Overview
The Smoke Aspiration Systems comprise a detector module, housing base and pipe system.
The most important components of the Smoke Aspiration System are the sensitive detector
module for detecting smoke aerosols and the aspiration unit with the built-in airflow sensor
for transporting the air samples and monitoring the pipe system for breakage and
obstructions.
The pipe system comprises essentially pipe and fittings. The standard pipe system is made
from PVC or ABS. The pipes used for equipment monitoring should be halogen-free.
Each air sampling opening in the pipe system represents a point detector in the planning.
A
A
Pipe system
FAS-420-TM
Aspirating Smoke
Detector
1
2
1
Smoke aspiration
pipe
5
4
3
Air sampling
4
Detector module
openings
7
incl. airflow sensor
Figure 2.4 Overview of the aspirating smoke detector
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Air intake
3
6
FAS / FCS
2
Operation Guide
5
Housing base
6
Aspiration unit
7
Air outlet
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Technical Specifications | en
13
To guarantee reliable operation even under the most difficult conditions (clean rooms,
recycling area), there are numerous accessories available, such as air filters and water
separators; see Section 2.6 Pipe System Components, page 22.
2.4
Functions
Air samples are taken from the area to be monitored via the aspiration unit. They are fed via a
pipe system with defined air sampling openings to the sensitive detector module (see
Figure 2.4).
Detection
Depending on the response sensitivity of the detector module in use and the alarm threshold
programmed, the FAS-420-TM aspirating smoke detector triggers the alarm when the
corresponding air obscuration threshold is reached. The alarm is displayed via the pre-alarm
or main alarm LED on the device and forwarded to a connected fire panel.
Various delay times can be set for the alarm thresholds, as well as for displaying and
transferring malfunctions (see Section 4.4.3 Parameter Settings via Programming Software,
page 63). Alarm messages are saved and are reset after the cause has been eliminated.
LOGIC×SENS
The LOGIC·SENS intelligent signal processing compares the measured smoke level with known
disturbance variables and decides whether something is an alarm or deception. LOGIC SENS
can be activated or deactivated using the fire panel's programming software.
Fire source identification
Fire source identification is possible if an I pipe is planned for a maximum of five areas or
devices. The procedure can be divided into four phases (Figure 2.5 to Figure 2.8).
–
Phase 1
In its general operating state, the FAS-420-TM-R/-RVB Aspirating Smoke Detector
extracts air samples from the monitoring range and analyzes these for the presence of
smoke particles.
E
D
C
B
A
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
FAS-420-TM series
Figure 2.5 Phase 1: Normal operation
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–
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Phase 2
As soon as the system has switched to alarm state as a result of a rise in the
concentration of smoke particles typical of a fire, the alarm is signaled.
E
10
9
D
8
7
C
6
B
4
5
3
2
A
E
D
C
B
A
1
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
FAS-420-TM series
Figure 2.6 Phase 2: Early fire detection
–
Phase 3
When the alarm is signaled, once the configurable pre-alarm threshold is reached, the
aspiration fan switches off and a second fan blows all smoke particles out of the pipe
system in the opposite direction.
E
D
C
B
A
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
FAS-420-TM series
Figure 2.7 Phase 3: Blowing out
–
Phase 4
Once the pipe system has been blown out, the direction of flow is reversed again and the
time required for the smoke particles to penetrate into the detector module is measured.
On the basis of this time, the location of the smoke source can be accurately traced to
one of the monitored areas.
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E
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
D
C
B
A
E
D
C
B
A
15
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
FAS-420-TM series
Figure 2.8 Phase 4: Identification of fire source by reversing the fan's direction of flow
Once the fire source has been identified, it is displayed via a corresponding display on the
FAS-420-TM-R/-RVB and on the operating and display unit of the fire panel.
Detection
Depending on the response sensitivity set on the detector module (0.5%/m to 2%/m light
obscuration), the FAS-420-TM-R/-RVB triggers the main alarm when the appropriate light
obscuration is reached. The sensitivities can also be set at intervals of 0.1%/m using the
FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software. The alarm is displayed via the alarm display on the unit
and forwarded to the fire panel connected. The alarm thresholds and the display and
transmission of malfunctions can be allocated different delay times. The intelligent
LOGIC·SENS signal processing hides misleading values that are similar to those shown in the
event of a fire, and ensures a high level of security against false alarms.
Alternative sensitivity
The LSN improved fire panel allows the sensitivity set on the detector module to be changed if
necessary. Changes to the sensitivity of the detector module can be made in the following
intervals: 2.0 / 1.0 or 0.5%/m light obscuration.
Changing the detector module's sensitivity setting allows you to adjust smoke detection to
process-specific disturbance values, such as those caused by
–
an increase in the aerosol or contamination levels in the monitoring range due to the time
of day (day/night mode)
–
an increase in the aerosol or contamination levels in the monitoring range due to the
operation currently in progress (e.g. installation work, welding or increased generation of
water vapor, exhaust fumes and dust
etc.).
Monitoring unit
The detector module is monitored for contamination and for signal malfunction. A malfunction
is displayed on the unit and forwarded to the fire panel. Malfunctions caused by brief
environmental fluctuations can be eliminated with a time-delayed setting.
Airflow Monitoring
An airflow sensor checks the connected pipe system for breakage and obstruction.
The airflow sensor can – depending on the configuration of the pipe system (see
Section 3.2 Principles of Pipe Planning, page 34) and the setting of the airflow sensors - detect
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en | Technical Specifications
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
an obstruction of a single air sampling opening. Airflow monitoring is temperaturecompensated and can be set depending on the air pressure.
On expiry of a defined delay, the malfunction is displayed on the aspirating smoke detector
and the message is transmitted to the fire panel. The monitoring window thresholds can be
modified to suit the environmental conditions (see Section 3.3 Airflow Monitoring, page 36).
The principal signal curve of the airflow sensor is indicated in Figure 2.9.
S
4
3
1
6
2
5
t
7
8
Figure 2.9 Example of the signal process of the airflow sensor in
S
Airflow sensor signal
t
Time
1
Normal airflow
2
Airflow too weak
3
Airflow too strong
4
Breakage
5
Obstruction
6
Monitoring window
7
Delay
8
Malfunction message
case of malfunctions
Resetting via fire panel
A malfunction message is reset via the connected fire panel. Alarm and malfunction messages
are displayed simultaneously on the unit via the Local SecurityNetwork LSN using the reset
function on the detector line.
Calibrating the airflow sensor
The airflow sensor calibration of the FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector is performed
automatically when the detector module is inserted into the housing base, provided that the
X4 jumper has been plugged into another socket first. This plug-and-play feature makes the
FAS-420-TM considerably easier to commission. In addition, the calibration can also be
performed using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software. The initialization phase is therefore
carried out according to or independently of the air pressure as desired.
Pipe system
A pipe system with an overall length of up to 50 m can be connected to FAS-420-TM series
Aspirating Smoke Detectors over a maximum of 8 aspiration points. A maximum of 5
aspiration points can be connected with ROOM·IDENT.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
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2.5
FAS-420-TM Series Aspirating Smoke Detectors and
Accessories
2.5.1
Overview
1
1
Pipe system
2
Connections to fire panel/power supply
3
Air-return Pipe
17
A FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software with
S
FA
-TM
-420
connection cable
ries
se
B
Cable entries (2 x M20, 1 x M25)
C
Test pipe
3
2
A
B
C
Figure 2.10 Overview of FAS-420-TM series aspirating smoke detectors and accessories
FAS-420-TM series Aspirating Smoke Detectors comprise the following components:
Housing base
–
–
Connections for pipe with 25 mm external diameter (input and return)
Pack with cable entries, 1 x M 25 (for cable diameter of 1-18 mm) and
2 x M 20 (for cable diameter of 1-13 mm)
–
Screw terminals for securing cables with a thickness of up to 2.5 mm²
Detector module
–
Sensitive detection with the latest technology according to the principle of an optical
scattered-light smoke detector with integrated airflow monitoring
–
–
Aspiration unit with optimized air routing
PC board with LSN connections, connection for shield wire and DIP switch for address
setting
–
Infrared diagnostics port
–
FAS-420-TM: optical displays for main alarm, malfunction and operation
–
FAS-420-TM-R: optical displays for fire source identification, main alarm, malfunction and
operation
–
FAS-420-TM-RVB: optical displays for fire source identification, pre-alarm and main alarm,
malfunction and operation, smoke level display
Information on other accessories for special applications can be found in
–
Section 2.5.6 FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software
–
Section 2.6.3 Ceiling Lead-through
–
Section 2.6.5 Water Separator for Humid Areas
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Operation Guide
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18
en | Technical Specifications
2.5.2
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
FAS-420-TM Series Connections
S-4
FA
-TM
20
ri
se
es
-TM
20
S-4
FA
4
4
Figure 2.11
3 4
4
1
4
3
rie
se
s
4
4
2
4
FAS-420-TM Connections (see table below for explanations)
FAS-420-TM
Position
Series
in
Function
Explanation
Connection for aspiration pipe
For ∅ 25 mm pipe
Figure 2.1
1
1
system
2
For ∅ 25 mm pipe
Connection for air-return pipe
system
3
Cable bushing for connection of fire
2 x M 25
panel and additional power supply
(input/output)
4
Cable bushing for connection of fire
8 x M 20
panel and additional power supply
(input/output)
NOTICE!
When using fire source identification, it is not permitted to connect an air-return pipe.
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
2.5.3
Technical Specifications | en
19
FAS-420-TM Displays
Figure 2.12
FAS-420-TM displays
FAS-420-TM
Display
LED
Explanation
Operation
Green
Operation display
Main alarm
Red
Main alarm display
Malfunction
Yellow
Infrared port
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Operation Guide
Malfunction
–
in the pipe system
–
in the detector module
–
caused by fan failure
Fault diagnosis
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
20
en | Technical Specifications
2.5.4
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
FAS-420-TM-R Displays
E
D
C
B
A
Figure 2.13
FAS-420-TM-R displays
FAS-420-TM-R
Display
LED
Explanation
Operation
Green
Operation display
Main alarm
Red
Main alarm display
Malfunction
Yellow
Fire source
5 red
identification for
LEDs
Malfunction
–
in the pipe system
–
in the detector module
–
caused by fan failure
Fire source identification
zones A-E
Infrared port
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Operation Guide
Fault diagnosis
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
2.5.5
Technical Specifications | en
21
FAS-420-TM-RVB Displays
E
D
C
B
A
Figure 2.14
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
FAS-420-TM-RVB displays
FAS-420-TM-RVB
Display
LED
Explanation
Operation
Green
Operation display
Main alarm
Red
100% smoke level
Pre-alarm
Red
60% smoke level
Malfunction
Yellow
Malfunction
–
in the pipe system
–
in the detector module
–
caused by fan failure
Smoke level display 1
10 yellow Current smoke level
to 10
LEDs
Fire source
5 red
identification for
LEDs
Fire source identification
zones A-E
Infrared port
2.5.6
Fault diagnosis
FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software
DIAG
SFA
Figure 2.15
Diagnostic software for importing and reading out the device data
The FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software enables the saved and current statuses of the
FAS-420-TM and error messages to be saved on a PC or laptop.
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en | Technical Specifications
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Data is transmitted to the diagnostic appliance via the infrared port of the aspirating smoke
detector. The USB cable provided is used to transmit the data from the diagnostic appliance
to the PC/laptop (see Figure 2.15).
Windows 2000 or Windows XP can be used as the operating system. For correct color display,
the monitor and graphics card must be able to display more than 256 colors.
Diagnostic messages remain saved in the FAS-420-TM for at least 3 days in order to be able to
evaluate even short, sporadically occurring errors (e.g. in case of changed operating
conditions). Resetting the FAS-420-TM via the diagnostic software deletes all saved diagnostic
messages. The software also allows the deletion of error messages.
NOTICE!
The diagnostic software can be used to save in file format all stored and current diagnostics
data and any settings made via the fire panel programming software. To be able to compare
the data read out, save each file under a different file name.
2.5.7
Remote Indicators
A remote indicator must be connected if the aspirating smoke detector is not directly visible
or has been mounted in false ceilings or floors.
The external detector alarm display is installed in an obvious place in halls or entrances of the
building section or areas concerned.
FNS-420-R LSN Strobes can be used as remote indicators. These must be ordered separately.
The FNS-420-R LSN strobes can be addressed and are connected to the LSN bus.
If the FAS-420-TM-R and FAS-420-TM-RVB device variants with fire source identification are
used, the FNS-420-R LSN Strobes can be assigned to the various monitoring ranges and, in
the event of a fire, the location of the fire can be identified.
2.6
Pipe System Components
2.6.1
Overview
4
6
5
A
A
A
7
3
9
8
2
13
Figure 2.16
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
-TM
20
S-4
Smoke aspiration pipe
1
Connection for test adapter
2
T-fitting
3
Air filter
4
Water separator
5
Detonation safety barrier
6
90° pipe bend
7
Aspiration hose for ceiling
lead-through
12
FA
B
B
11
ries
se
Pipe system connection
(not permitted for EN 54-20)
10
1
A
A
14
8
Ceiling Lead-through
9
Fitting
10
Double threaded joint
11
90° pipe elbow
12
45° pipe elbow
13
Aspiration reduction
14
End cap
Pipe system components
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Technical Specifications | en
23
During planning/design, a distinction is drawn between area monitoring and equipment
monitoring. For both applications, PVC pipes and halogen-free pipes can be used. The pipes
used for equipment monitoring should be halogen-free.
Figure 2.16 shows essential accessory components that can be selected for the application
concerned.
The pipe system must be constructed using pipes with an external diameter of 25 mm and the
associated fittings.
Blowing-out system
In areas that are susceptible to dust particles or icing, it may be necessary to blow out the
aspiration pipe system and its air sampling openings. Figure 2.17 shows a manual blowing-out
system with a three-way tap.
1
2
B
FA
S-42
0-TM
s
rie
se
A
Blast air supply connection
B
Pipe system connection
1
Three-way tap
2
25 mm aspiration pipe
Aspiration reducing clips
A
Figure 2.17 Components of manual blowing-out systems
2.6.2
Air Sampling Openings
Aspiration reducing film sheets
An air sampling opening is a 10 mm bore in the aspiration pipe that is covered with a patented
aspiration reducing film sheet with the required opening diameter. The size of the opening
depends on the structure of the pipe system (see Section 3 Planning, page 33).
The aspiration reducing film sheet is secured with marking tape to prevent it from becoming
displaced. The marking tape is a transparent sticky film with red edges and a 10 mm hole. It is
placed over the aspiration reducing film sheet so that the air sampling opening is not
concealed and can be seen from long distances.
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en | Technical Specifications
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
1
Smoke aspiration pipe
2
Air sampling opening with
3
aspiration reducing film
1
sheet
3
4
4
Figure 2.18
2
Marking tape for aspiration
reducing film sheet
2
5 6
4 3
4
Air sampling opening
5
Fire red (RAL 3000)
6
Transparent
Air sampling opening with aspiration reducing film sheet
and marking tape
Aspiration reducing clips
In areas susceptible to obstructions or icing, special, patented ASD aspiration clips with
flexible aspiration reductions are used (see Figure 2.19).
1
Aspiration reduction for deepfreeze facilities
1
2
ASD aspiration clip made of
plastic
2
Figure 2.19
Aspiration reduction for soiled areas and deep-freeze
areas
During use in deep-freeze areas, the flexible aspiration reduction expands in the air sampling
openings and pushes the ice away during blowing out. The special plastic clip ensures that the
aspiration reduction remains at the defined location.
As the clips are more stable under pressure and the elastic rubber insert significantly
improves the cleaning effect, they are used for all plans and designs which require a blow-off
system due to environmental influences (e.g. increased exposure to dust).
NOTICE!
The standard AF-x aspiration reducing film sheets and the marking tapes are not suitable for
use in low-temperature areas.
The aspiration reductions with plastic clips are available separately.
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Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
2.6.3
Technical Specifications | en
25
Ceiling Lead-through
1
3
2
1
Ceiling
2
T-fitting
3
Pipe system
4
Complete ceiling leadthrough
5
Aspiration hose for ceiling
lead-through
4
5
6
False ceiling
7
Knurled nut
8
Aspiration reducing film sheet
9
Aspiration
6
7
8
9
Figure 2.20 Ceiling lead-throughs
A concealed pipe system for area monitoring can be realized by installing in a false ceiling.
This requires the use of ceiling lead-throughs in the false ceiling. The ceiling lead-through can
be used with a false ceiling thickness of up to approx. 35 mm.According to the planning and
design guidelines, the ceiling lead-throughs are fitted with aspiration reducing film sheets
with defined air sampling openings and connected to the pipe system by means of aspiration
hoses (see Figure 2.20).
If these hoses exceed a maximum of 3 m in length, the plan according to Section 3 Planning,
page 33 applies.If structural circumstances dictate that lengths in excess of 3 m are used, the
pipe system has to be calculated accordingly.
2.6.4
Air-Return Pipe for Pressure Areas and Atmospheric Loads
2
FAS / FCS
P1/P2
Pressure areas 1 and 2
1
Air-return pipe
2
Pipe system
1
P1
P2
Figure 2.21 Principle of air return
If the aspirating smoke detectors and the pipe system are installed in areas with varying air
pressure, the aspirated air must be returned to the pressure area of the pipe system (see
Figure 2.21). The air-return pipe can serve to equalize pressure or to prevent atmospheric
loads (e.g. odors) in neighboring spaces.
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en | Technical Specifications
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
1
Smoke aspiration pipe
2
Air-return pipe
FA
S
-4
2
0
-T
M
se
rie
s
1
2
Figure 2.22
FAS-420-TM with air-return pipe
The air-return pipe is installed in the conical pipe connection for the air return of the FAS-420TM (see Figure 2.22). It fits perfectly in the connection and guarantees a firm hold. When
using fire source identification, it is not permitted to connect an air-return pipe.
2.6.5
Water Separator for Humid Areas
If the smoke aspiration system is operated in environments where condensate can form in the
aspiration system, a water separator is used. Condensate can form with sharp temperature
fluctuations and in areas where fresh air is monitored.For areas with extremely high humidity,
the FAS-ASD-WS Water Separator can be used, for example.
The FAS-ASD-WS Water Separator is integrated at the lowest point in the pipe system
downstream of the air filter and the aspirating smoke detector. The 45° pipe elbow permits
optimum distance from the wall (see Figure 2.23).
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Technical Specifications | en
FA
S-42
0-TM
se
1
Water separator
2
Pipe system connection
3
45° pipe elbow
27
ries
3
2
3
1
Figure 2.23 FAS-ASD-WS Water Separator for condensing water
vapor and collecting condensate from the pipe system
The FAS-ASD-WS Water Separator can be operated in a temperature range from 0 °C to
+50 °C. The sintered metal filter in the water separator has a pore width of 50 µm and causes
an additional rough absorption of soil particles.The FAS-ASD-WS is supplied with an angle
support and PG cable glands. The 45° pipe elbows (4 units) must be ordered separately.
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28
2.7
en | Technical Specifications
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Scope of Delivery: Smoke Aspiration System
Basic Devices and Accessories
Designation
Order number
FAS-420-TM
Standard unit
F.01U.078.495
FAS-420-TM-R
Standard unit
F.01U.078.496
FAS-420-TM-RVB
Standard unit
F.01U.078.497
FAS-420-TM-HB
Housing Base
F.01U.078.494
Diagnostic Software including connection cable, for
F.01U.033.505
FAS-ASD-DIAG
USB port
RAS Test Pipe
Test Pipe
4.998.148.848
RAS Test Adapter
Test Adapter
4.998.148.849
Pipe system components
FAS-ASD-PHF16
Designation
Order number
Polywell aspiration hose, flexible, black, halogen-
F.01U.029.719
free
FAS-ASD-TRPG16
Ring nut with PG16 internal thread, 5 per set
F.01U.029.721
FAS-ASD-CSL
Quick-lock coupling, straight, PG16 internal thread
F.01U.029.720
FAS-ASD-3WT
Three-way tap, incl. fittings, for 25 mm pipe system
F.01U.029.718
FAS-ASD-F
Flange for ventilation duct
F.01U.029.722
FAS-ASD-AR
Aspiration reduction, with 10 mm bore for attaching
F.01U.029.724
an aspiration reducing film sheet, 10 per set
FAS-ASD-CLT
Ceiling lead-through, white, ABS, 10 per set
F.01U.029.725
FAS-ASD-AHC
Aspiration hose (PE) for ceiling lead-through
F.01U.029.727
FAS-ASD-WS
Water Separator with sintered metal filter and
F.01U.029.717
manual drain valve, including mounting bracket and
PG cable glands for 25 mm pipe system
FAS-ASD-FL
Large air filter box, for 25 mm pipe system, inc. 1
F.01U.029.714
filter set and two PG29 screw connections
FAS-ASD-RFL
Replacement filter set for large air filter box
F.01U.029.715
NOTICE!
Four 45° pipe elbows are required to install the FAS-ASD-WS Water Separator.
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Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Technical Specifications | en
29
Air sampling opening components
Designation
Order number
Marking tape for aspiration reducing film sheet AF-BR, 10 units.
4.998.143.413
Aspiration reducing film sheet 2.0 mm AF-2.0, 10 units.
4.998.143.416
Aspiration reducing film sheet 2.5 mm AF-2.5, 10 units.
4.998.143.417
Aspiration reducing film sheet 3.0 mm AF-3.0, 10 units.
4.998.143.418
Aspiration reducing film sheet 3.2 mm AF-3.2, 10 units.
4.998.143.419
Aspiration reducing film sheet 3.4 mm AF-3.4, 10 units.
4.998.143.420
Aspiration reducing film sheet 3.6 mm AF-3.6, 10 units.
4.998.143.422
Aspiration reducing film sheet 3.8 mm AF-3.8, 10 units.
4.998.143.423
Aspiration reducing film sheet 4.0 mm AF-4.0, 10 units.
4.998.143.424
Aspiration reducing film sheet 4.2 mm AF-4.2, 10 units.
4.998.143.425
Aspiration reducing film sheet 4.4 mm AF-4.4, 10 units.
4.998.143.426
Aspiration reducing film sheet 4.6 mm AF-4.6, 10 units.
4.998.143.427
Aspiration reducing film sheet 5.0 mm AF-5.0, 10 units.
4.998.143.428
Aspiration reducing film sheet 5.2 mm AF-5.2, 10 units.
4.998.143.429
Aspiration reducing film sheet 5.6 mm AF-5.6, 10 units.
4.998.143.430
Aspiration reducing film sheet 6.0 mm AF-6.0, 10 units.
4.998.143.431
Aspiration reducing film sheet 6.8 mm AF-6.8, 10 units.
4.998.143.432
Aspiration reducing film sheet 7.0 mm AF-7.0, 10 units.
4.998.143.433
NOTICE!
Plastic clips with marking tape for deep-freeze facilities and blowing-out systems are sold
separately.
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
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en | Technical Specifications
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
2.8
Technical Specifications
2.8.1
FAS-420-TM Series Aspirating Smoke Detectors
Electrical
LSN power supply
15 V DC-33 V DC
Auxiliary power supply
15 V DC-30 V DC
LSN current consumption
6.25 mA
Current consumption from auxiliary power
Fan voltage
supply
9V
10.5 V
12 V
–
Starting current
150 mA
–
In standby
90 mA
110 mA
130 mA
–
With alarm, device variants
125 mA
135 mA
150 mA
180 mA
180 mA
180 mA
FAS-420-TM and FAS-420-TM-R
–
With alarm, device variant
FAS-420-TM-RVB
Mechanical components
Displays on the device
FAS-420-TM
–
Operation
Green LED
–
Malfunction
Yellow LED
–
Alarm
–
Infrared port
1 red LED for main alarm
IR transmitter/receiver
Displays on the device
FAS-420-TM-R
–
Operation
Green LED
–
Malfunction
Yellow LED
–
Alarm
–
Fire location display
–
Infrared port
1 red LED for main alarm
5 red LEDs (for zones A-E)
IR transmitter/receiver
Displays on the device
FAS-420-TM-RVB
–
Operation
Green LED
–
Malfunction
Yellow LED
–
Alarm
–
Fire location display
5 red LEDs (for zones A-E)
–
Smoke level display
Yellow smoke level display with 10 segments
2 red LEDs for pre-alarm and main alarm
(1-10)
–
Infrared port
IR transmitter/receiver
Conical duct connections for Ø 25 mm
–
Aspiration pipe
1 pipe
–
Air-return pipe
1 pipe
Cable bushings
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
–
Housing base sides
–
Housing base rear wall
Technical Specifications | en
31
8 x M 20 and 2 x M 25
4 x M 25
Dimensions (H x W x D)
222 x 140 x 70 mm
Weight
Approx. 0.8 kg
Housing material
Plastic (ABS)
Housing color
Papyrus white (RAL 9018)
Environmental conditions
Protection category according to EN 60529
–
Without air return
IP 20
–
With pipe section 100 mm/pipe bend
IP 42
–
With air return
IP 54
Permissible temperature range of
-20 °C to +60 °C
aspirating smoke detector
Permissible relative humidity (non-
Max. 95%
condensing)
Special features
Sound power level (at 9 V fan voltage)
40 dB(A)
Response sensitivity (light obscuration)
0.5 to 2.0%/m
Life cycle of fan (at 12 V and 24 °C)
2.8.2
60,000 hrs
Pipe system
Maximum pipe length Ø 25 mm
50 m
Additional maximum pipe length Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Maximum number of air sampling openings
8
Maximum length of aspiration hose per
3m
ceiling lead-through
Maximum size of monitoring area
400 m²
Permissible temperature range
2.8.3
–
PVC pipe system
0 °C to +60 °C
–
ABS pipe system
-40 °C to +80 °C
Smoke Aspiration System Components
Water separator (FAS-ASD-WS)
Features
For use in areas with very high humidity
Plastic housing with manual drain valve
Sintered metal filter
PG cable glands for 25 mm pipe system
Incl. assembly bracket
210 x 170 x 90 mm
Approx. 1.4 kg
Dimensions (H x W x D)
Weight
Filterbox, large (FAS-ASD-FL)
Features
Housing material
Housing color
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
For use in areas with increased exposure to dust
Incl. filter set and two PG29 cable glands
ABS plastic
Light gray RAL 7035
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en | Technical Specifications
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Dimensions (H x W x D)
Application temperature
194 x 122 x 96 mm
-30 °C to +70 °C
range
Replacement filter set, large (FAS-ASD-RFL)
Features
Set comprising one fine, one medium and one coarse filter
insert
(60 ppi, 45 ppi and 25 ppi)
-30 °C to +70 °C
Application temperature
range
Three way tap (FAS-ASD-3WT)
Features
With 3 transition threads for connection to a 25 mm pipe
system
Max. 10 bar
PVC plastic
Teflon (PTFE)
131 mm
0 °C to +50 °C
Operating pressure
Housing material
Seal
Length
Application temperature
range
Ceiling lead-through (FAS-ASD-CLT) with aspiration hose (FAS-ASD-AHC)
Maximum false ceiling
35 mm
thickness
Max. length of aspiration
1m
hose per ceiling lead-through
Ceiling lead-through fitting
ABS
material
Aspiration hose material
Color of aspiration hose and
PE
White
ceiling lead-through
Application temperature
-40 °C to +80 °C
range
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Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
3
Planning
3.1
Regulations
Planning | en
33
The planning regulation below is based on the system limits of the FAS-420-TM series. Here,
the corresponding national regulations of the countries in their respectively applicable version
must be adhered to and planning must be adjusted to these.
The planning for the aspirating smoke detector in accordance with EN 54-20 is described
below. The basic conditions are specified in Section 3.1 Regulations. Planning must be carried
out in accordance with Section 3.6 Standard Pipe Planning. In addition to 3.6 , special
applications are also bound by the restrictions of the planning notes in accordance with
Section 3.7 Planning with Single-hole Monitoring and the following sections. These must be
taken into account from the start in the case of any special planning processes.
Planning options in accordance with EN 54-20:
Various technical solutions are available to suit different planning criteria. The following table
lists the chapters in which the solutions are described.
Planning criteria
Technical solution
Principles
Restriction
Area monitoring in
Basic planning
3.6
Detection of failure of a
Single-hole monitoring
3.6
3.7
single opening
planning
Equipment protection/
Simplified pipe planning
3.6
3.8
Planning for forced airflow
3.6
3.9
general
cabinet monitoring
Ventilation ducts
With regard to the planning regulation below, the applicable national regulations of the
countries concerned must be observed and the plans modified accordingly.
EN 54-20
For VdS systems, compliance is also required with the following guidelines:
–
"Guideline for automatic fire detection systems, planning and installation", VdS
Schadenverhütung GmbH, Cologne (VdS 2095)
–
The guideline "Installation protection for electrical and electronic systems" VdS
Schadenverhütung GmbH, Cologne (VdS 2304)
–
The "Planning Aspirating Fire Detectors" data sheet from VdS Schadenverhütung GmbH,
Cologne (VdS 3435)
The applicable national regulations must also be observed, for example in Germany:
–
–
DIN VDE 0833 parts 1 and 2 "Alarm systems for fire, intrusion and hold-up"
Additional provisions for the installation of fire detection systems, which are published
by fire directors of fire departments, by the construction supervision authorities or by the
construction law authorities that have only local validity.
NOTICE!
–
For planning, the system limits in accordance with Section 3.5 Planning Limits are to be
observed.
–
Select airflow monitoring and the associated planning limits (see Section 3.3 Airflow
Monitoring) and check these for any restrictions imposed by country-specific regulations.
–
If the on-site planning deviates from the standard plans described below, this must
always be checked with activation attempts for correct detection of a malfunction and a
fire. A special plan may be required.
–
Plans not contained in the operation guide must be requested.
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
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34
3.2
en | Planning
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Principles of Pipe Planning
The aspiration pipe network must be designed such that all possible fires in the monitoring
area can be dealt with at an early stage.
The number of air sampling openings and the structure of the pipe system depend on the size
and geometry of the monitoring range. The pipe system must be laid out according to the
planning guidelines in this chapter, taking into account the following issues:
Symmetrical structure
The pipe system should preferably have a symmetrical structure, i.e.
–
Same number of air sampling openings per pipe branch
–
Same pipe branch lengths (should not exceed ± 20% deviation)
–
Same distance between neighboring air sampling openings on the smoke aspiration pipe
(should not exceed ± 20% deviation).
Asymmetrical structure
If structural circumstances dictate that the pipe system is to be designed asymmetrically (see
Figure 3.1), the following conditions apply:
–
The number of air sampling openings and the length of the shortest and longest pipe
branch within the pipe system must not exceed a quantity ratio of 1:2.
–
The distance between neighboring air sampling openings on the smoke aspiration pipe
–
The diameters of the air sampling openings are determined separately for each pipe
must be equal (should not exceed ± 20% deviation).
branch. The diameters depend on the total number of air sampling openings in the pipe
branch in question.
Figure 3.1 shows a typical U-pipe system with three or six air sampling openings and the air
sampling opening diameters calculated according to Section 3.6 Standard Pipe Planning.
2,5
2,5
2,5
3,0
3,0
3,2
A
2,5
2,5
2,5
A
B
Symmetrical pipe system
Asymmetrical pipe
system
3,0
3,0
3,2
FAS / FCS
3,4
3,6
3,8
B
2,5
2,5
2,5
3,0
3,0
3,2
Figure 3.1 Example of a symmetrical and an asymmetrical U-pipe system
Pipe diameter
As a rule, the pipe system is created using pipes with an external diameter of 25 mm. PVC or
halogen-free pipes can be used. Halogen-free pipes are to be used in preference for
equipment monitoring.
Branch length
To achieve short transport times for the smoke aerosols in the aspiration pipe and thus quick
detection, it is better to plan several short branches than fewer long ones (preferably U and
double U-pipe system).
Pipe configurations
Depending on the area geometry, five pipe configurations can be selected (see Figure 3.2):
–
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
I-pipe: pipe system without branches.
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Planning | en
–
U-pipe: pipe system that branches into two pipe branches.
–
M-pipe: pipe system that branches into three pipe branches.
–
Double U-pipe: pipe system that branches symmetrically into four pipe branches.
FAS / FCS
I
U
M
U/U
I
FAS / FCS
35
I-pipe system
U-pipe system
M-pipe system
Double U-pipe system
U
FAS / FCS
M
FAS / FCS
U/U
FAS / FCS
4U
Figure 3.2 Pipe configurations
Change of direction
Elbows and bends in the pipe system increase flow resistance. Therefore, they should only be
used where they cannot be avoided for structural engineering reasons.
Corresponds to a straight pipe length of
Pipe elbow
1.5 m
Pipe bend
0.3 m
If elbows or bends are used, the maximum total length of the pipe system is reduced.
NOTICE!
It is preferable to use pipe bends rather than pipe elbows.
The detection time will be influenced significantly by too high a number of changes of
direction.
Testing
For critical applications, test the secure detection with activation attempts. Check also
whether there is airflow at the individual air sampling openings.
NOTICE!
In order to increase transport speed in critical application areas, the fan voltage can be
increased from 6.9 V to 9 V.
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3.3
en | Planning
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Airflow Monitoring
EN 54-20 requires the detection of a 20-percent change in the airflow volume by the detector
module's airflow sensor. In order to achieve this, the activation threshold of the airflow sensor
must be set to less than or equal to 20%. It is recommended that airflow calibration is carried
out dependent on air pressure for both of these settings. In systems that do not need to
comply with EN 54-20, any threshold can be set. The airflow monitoring of the smoke
aspiration pipes is planned taking into account the applicable national regulations for the
country concerned.
Adapting the airflow sensitivity
The sensitivity of the airflow sensor must be adapted to the application. Breakages and
obstructions must be accurately detected in the event of a malfunction.
The trigger threshold, and thus the sensitivity of the airflow sensor, can be set from 10 to
50%.
Complies with EN 54-20
Activation threshold
10%
20%
40%
50%
Sensitivity
Very high
High
Average
Low
NOTICE!
Selection of the largest possible, precisely still-approved level is recommended.
Dynamic airflow sensors
The airflow monitoring of the unit makes it possible to detect breaks at the end of pipes and
identify sudden obstruction of individual air sampling openings (e.g. following tampering with
the pipe system). If the dynamic airflow sensors were activated via the diagnostic software,
note the following restrictions.
Restrictions
Airflow monitoring may only be set to level I if
–
planning was carried out in accordance with "single-hole monitoring" (see
Section 3.7 Planning with Single-hole Monitoring, page 44),
–
the airflow sensor was calibrated dependent on air pressure (Section 6.3.2 Air-PressureDependent Calibration, page 77)
–
and no larger airflow fluctuations can occur.
Air pressure differences
There must be equal air pressure along the length of the aspiration pipe.
NOTICE!
If the aspirating smoke detectors and the pipe system are positioned in areas with different
air pressures, the air aspirated by the FAS-420 must be returned to the pressure area of the
pipe system (see Section 2.6.4 Air-Return Pipe for Pressure Areas and Atmospheric Loads,
page 25).
NOTICE!
FAS-420-TM series detectors with active fire source identification must be installed outside
the areas to be monitored and without an air-return pipe.
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Planning | en
37
NOTICE!
As an air-return pipe needs to be provided when the FAS-420-TM series is used in areas with
varying air pressures, and given that no air-return pipe is possible with ROOM·IDENT, it is not
possible to use the FAS-420-TM series with ROOM·IDENT in areas with varying or fluctuating
air pressures.
3.4
Defining the Response Sensitivity
The sensitivity of smoke aspiration systems can be divided into certain fire sensitivity classes
in accordance with EN 54-20. These fire sensitivity classes describe specific examples of ways
in which the systems can be applied. The permissible system plans given in 3.6 can be
determined for each classification.Smoke aspiration systems with a higher fire sensitivity
class according to EN 54-20 also satisfy the requirements of the lower classes.
Class
Description
Application example
A
Aspirating smoke detector with
Very early detection: significant smoke
extremely high sensitivity
dilution through air conditioning in IT
areas
B
Aspirating smoke detector with
Early detection:
increased sensitivity
significant time gains thanks to very
early fire detection (without air
condition)
C
Smoke aspiration system with normal
Normal detection:
sensitivity
fire detection with the advantages of
smoke aspiration systems
NOTICE!
Depending on the number of air sampling openings, fire sensitivity classes A, B and C can all
be achieved with the detector modules available.
The table shows the sensitivities you can choose from
Sensitivity
Standard sensitivity
FAS-ASD-DIAG
settings intervals
Detector module
0.5 - 2%/m
0.5%/m
0.1 %/m
The planning of the monitoring area always occurs according to the national guidelines for
point-type smoke detectors.
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Operation Guide
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38
en | Planning
3.5
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Planning Limits
The following limit values must always be observed for the FAS-420-TM series:
Limiting values
Maximum monitoring area per air sampling opening
Corresponds to the maximum
monitoring range for point detectors,
in line with applicable national norms.
Maximum number of air sampling openings per pipe
8
system1
Maximum number of air sampling openings per pipe
5
system with fire source identification
Maximum pipe length per pipe system2
–
Pipe ∅ 25 mm
50 m
–
Additional pipe ∅ 12 mm
8x3m
Maximum total monitoring area per pipe system
400 m²
Minimum pipe length between 2 air sampling
0.1 m
openings
Minimum pipe length between 2 air sampling
3m
openings with fire source identification
Minimum pipe length between 2 air sampling
10 m
openings
1
Plans not contained in the operation guide must be requested
2 Depending
on the selected plan, some restricted values may apply
The maximum total monitoring area of the FAS-420-TM and the maximum total pipe length
depend on the plan selected (see Section 3.6 Standard Pipe Planning).
NOTICE!
The planning limits specified in this operation guide may be restricted in line with countryspecific regulations.
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
3.6
Planning | en
39
Standard Pipe Planning
In order to plan in accordance with the EN 54-20 standard, certain factors must be known,
such as the system sensitivity requirements, the number of air sampling openings and the
accessories needed for the application concerned. These factors can be used to determine
the appropriate standard-compliant construction of the pipe system using the following
chapter and the planning table in the appendix.
3.6.1
Determining the Necessary Accessories
As accessory components, e.g. filters, have a particular effect on the dimensions of pipe
planning, the appropriate accessory must be selected for the application concerned in
advance. Retrofitting an accessory, e.g. a fine filter, is largely only possible if a certain reserve
is planned in advance.
The following components must be taken into account in this regard:
–
Air filter
–
Water separator
–
Three-way-tap
See 2.8.3
3.6.2
Pipe Planning with Pipe Accessories
For the purpose of pipe system planning, the following planning table is available for all
selected pipe accessories.
–
Planning without air filter
–
Planning with FAS-ASD-FL air filter
NOTICE!
In order to improve the detection quality of a smoke aspiration system, an area can be
monitored with more detection points than required by national guidelines. However, to
calculate the necessary sensitivity of an aspirating smoke detector, the number of aspiration
points required by the standard must be used.
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Operation Guide
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en | Planning
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Procedure
In the following example, a plan without air filter with 4 openings, not fitted with any other
accessories, should satisfy class B. The red shaded areas show the potential plans with
different pipe shapes and fan voltage.
1.
General
Example
Selection:
Select the planning table without air filter, ***
Select the planning table with or without air filter, as
'Planning with Air Filter' on page 41 ***
applicable.
Result:
Planning table and specified air filter
2.
Selection:
In the *** 'Planning with Air Filter' on page 41 ***
Select the number of air sampling openings from the
table, select the column with four air sampling
planning table. Note the possible sensitivity classes. openings (Number of air sampling openings, 4)
Result:
Specified detector module with specified setting
and alarm threshold
3.
Selection:
In the *** 'Planning with Air Filter' on page 41 ***
Select the sensitivity (sensitivity class) of the system
table, select the response sensitivity you require
according to the gradation described in
(class A, B or C) from the column highlighted in red.
Section 3.4 Defining the Response Sensitivity.
You must select the class that corresponds to the
Result:
configured sensitivity.
Specified sensitivity class in accordance with EN
54-20
4.
Selection:
Select the *** 'Without any other pipe accessories' on
Select other pipe components, such as a water
page 41 *** table.
separator.
Result:
Specified planning table
5.
Selection:
In the *** 'Without any other pipe accessories' on page
Select the possible pipe length for the relevant pipe
41 *** table, select the pipe shape and fan voltage you
shape and fan voltage.
require, and note the permissible total pipe length.
Result:
Specified planning in accordance with EN 54-20 for
the previously specified parameters
You will find the planning tables in question in *** 'Planning without air filter' on page 97 ***
and *** 'Planning with Air Filter' on page 98 ***.
Abbreviation
Meaning
S
Sensitivity (% LT/m)
MA
Main alarm
PA
Pre-alarm
l [m]
Permissible total pipe length in meters
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
3.6.3
Planning | en
41
Planning with Air Filter
Sensitivity
(% LT/m)
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
1
2
3
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
Number of openings
4
5
6
7
8
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
Without any other pipe accessories
Pipe shape
UFan[V]
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
I
U
M
Double U
≥9
≥9
≥9
≥9
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
Pipe length in [m]
With water separator
Pipe shape
UFan[V]
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
I
U
M
Double U
≥9
≥9
≥9
≥9
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
Pipe length in [m]
Results for class B
Detector module with a sensitivity of 0.5% LT/m or 0.6% LT/m.
System parameters possible:
–
I-pipe system
–
–
U-pipe system
–
–
≥ 9 V fan voltage, max. 50 m total pipe length
M-pipe system
–
–
≥ 9 V fan voltage, max. 40 m total pipe length
≥ 9 V fan voltage, max. 50 m total pipe length
Double U-pipe system
–
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
≥ 9 V fan voltage, max. 50 m total pipe length
Operation Guide
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
42
en | Planning
3.6.4
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Opening Diameter
I-pipe system
1 pipe system
FAS / FCS
FAS-420-TM
FAS-420-TM-R
FAS-420-TM-RVB
A
C
B
D
E
Figure 3.3 I-pipe system
I-pipe system
Air sampling
Number of air sampling openings
opening
1
2
3
4
5
Ø of air sampling
A
6.8
5.0
4.2
3.4
3.0
openings in mma
B
-
5.0
4.2
3.6
3.2
C
-
-
4.4
3.8
3.4
D
-
-
-
4.0
3.6
E
-
-
-
-
4.4
a Punch
diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
U-pipe system
1 pipe system
FAS / FCS
FAS-420-TM
A
FAS-420-TM-R
B
C
D
FAS-420-TM-RVB
Figure 3.4 U-pipe system
U-pipe system
Air sampling
Number of air sampling openings
opening
2
4
6
8
Ø of air sampling
A
6.0
4.2
3.4
3.0
mma
B
-
4.6
3.6
3.0
C
-
-
4.4
3.6
D
-
-
-
4.0
openings in
a Punch
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Planning | en
43
M-pipe system
1 pipe system
FAS / FCS
A
FAS-420-TM
B
FAS-420-TM-R
FAS-420-TM-RVB
Figure 3.5 M-pipe system
M-pipe system
Air sampling
Number of air sampling openings
opening
6
Ø of air sampling
A
5.0
3.6
mma
B
-
4.0
openings in
a
3
Punch diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
Double U-pipe system
1 pipe system
FAS / FCS
FAS-420-TM
FAS-420-TM-R
B
FAS-420-TM-RVB
A
Figure 3.6 Double U-pipe system
Double U-pipe system
Air sampling
Number of air sampling openings
opening
4
8
Ø of air sampling
A
4.4
3.0
openings in mma
B
-
3.8
a
Punch diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
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Operation Guide
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44
en | Planning
3.7
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Planning with Single-hole Monitoring
Depending on the pipe configuration, the following system parameters are used to detect a
single air sampling opening or a particular number of obstructed air sampling
openings.Planning is to be carried out according to regulations specified in
Section 3.6 Standard Pipe Planning, page 39. Additionally, the following limiting values and
opening diameters must be observed. An additional accessory (air filter, condensate
separator etc.) can have an effect on the maximum pipe length.
3.7.1
I-pipe system
1 pipe system
FAS / FCS
FAS-420-TM
FAS-420-TM-R
FAS-420-TM-RVB
A
C
B
D
E
Figure 3.7 I-pipe system for space protection
Min. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
2m
Max. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
20 m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
40 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
5x3m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system for a fan voltage < 10.5 V
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
30 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
5x3m
Min. distance between 2 air sampling openings (d)
4m
Max. distance between 2 air sampling openings (d)
10 m
Max. number of air sampling openings (n) per pipe system
5 units
I-pipe system
Air sampling
Number of air sampling openings
opening
1
2
3
4
5
Ø of air sampling
A
6.8
4.6
4.0
3.4
3.0
openings in mma
B
-
5.0
4.2
3.6
3.2
C
-
-
4.4
3.8
3.4
D
-
-
-
4.0
3.6
E
-
-
-
-
3.8
a Punch
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Planning | en
45
I pipe system activation thresholds
I-pipe system
Activation threshold
Number of obstructed air
Number of air sampling openings
sampling openings
2
3
4
5
1 obstructed opening
± 30%
± 20%
± 15%
± 10%
2 obstructed openings
0
0
± 30%
± 20%
3 obstructed openings
0
0
0
0
4 obstructed openings
0
0
0
0
5 obstructed openings
0
0
0
0
0 not practical
Example:
If 2 of a total of 5 air sampling openings are found to be obstructed, airflow monitoring must
be set to ± 20% using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software.
NOTICE!
When planning in accordance with EN 54-20, airflow monitoring must always be set to 20%.
3.7.2
U-pipe system
FAS / FCS
1 pipe system
FAS-420-TM
A
FAS-420-TM-R
B
C
D
FAS-420-TM-RVB
Figure 3.8 U-pipe system for space protection
Min. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
2m
Max. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
20 m
Max. branch length
25 m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
50 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system for a fan voltage < 10.5 V
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
40 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Min. distance between 2 air sampling openings (d)
4m
Max. distance between 2 air sampling openings (d)
10 m
Max. number of air sampling openings (n) per pipe system
8 units
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Operation Guide
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en | Planning
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
U-pipe system
Number of air sampling openings
opening
2
4
6
8
Ø of air sampling
A
6.0
4.2
3.4
3.0
mma
B
-
4.4
3.6
3.0
C
-
-
3.6
3.2
D
-
-
-
3.2
openings in
a
Air sampling
Punch diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
U-pipe system activation thresholds
U-pipe system
Number of obstructed
Number of air sampling openings
air sampling openings
2
4
6
8
Activation threshold
1 obstructed opening
± 25%
± 15%
-
-
per pipe system
2 obstructed openings
0
± 25%
± 20%
± 15%
3 obstructed openings
0
0
± 30%
± 25%
4 obstructed openings
0
0
0
± 35%
5 obstructed openings
0
0
0
0
6 obstructed openings
0
0
0
0
7 obstructed openings
0
0
0
0
0 not practical
- not possible
Example:
If 3 of a total of 8 air sampling openings are found to be obstructed, airflow monitoring must
be set to ± 25% using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software.
NOTICE!
When planning in accordance with EN 54-20, airflow monitoring must always be set to 20%.
3.7.3
M-pipe system
1 pipe system
FAS / FCS
FAS-420-TM
A
B
FAS-420-TM-R
FAS-420-TM-RVB
Figure 3.9 M-pipe system for space protection
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Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Planning | en
Min. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
2m
Max. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
20 m
Max. branch length
16.5 m
47
Max. total pipe length per pipe system
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
50 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system for a fan voltage < 10.5 V
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
40 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Min. distance between 2 air sampling openings (d)
4m
Max. distance between 2 air sampling openings (d)
10 m
Max. number of air sampling openings (n) per pipe system
6 units
M-pipe system
a
Air sampling
Number of air sampling openings
opening
3
6
Ø of air sampling
A
5.0
3.6
openings in mma
B
-
3.8
Punch diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
M-pipe system activation thresholds
M-pipe system
Number of obstructed air
Number of air sampling openings
sampling openings
3
6
Activation threshold
1 obstructed opening
± 30%
± 15%
per pipe system
2 obstructed openings
0
± 30%
3 obstructed openings
0
0
4 obstructed openings
0
0
5 obstructed openings
0
0
6 obstructed openings
0
0
0 not practical
- not possible
Example:
If 1 of a total of 6 air sampling openings is found to be obstructed, airflow monitoring must be
set to ± 15% using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software.
NOTICE!
When planning in accordance with EN 54-20, airflow monitoring must always be set to 20%.
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Operation Guide
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
48
en | Planning
3.7.4
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Double U-pipe system
1 pipe system
FAS / FCS
FAS-420-TM
B
FAS-420-TM-R
A
FAS-420-TM-RVB
Figure 3.10
Double U-pipe system for space protection
Min. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
2m
Max. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
20 m
Max. branch length
12.5 m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
50 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system for a fan voltage < 10.5 V
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
40 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Min. distance between 2 air sampling openings (d)
4m
Max. distance between 2 air sampling openings (d)
10 m
Max. number of air sampling openings (n) per pipe system
8 units
Double U-Pipe
Air sampling
System
opening
4
8
Ø of air sampling
A
4.4
3.0
mma
B
-
3.2
openings in
a Punch
Number of air sampling openings
diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
Double U-pipe system activation thresholds
Double U-pipe system
Activation threshold
per pipe system
Number of obstructed air
Number of air sampling openings
sampling openings
4
8
1 obstructed opening
± 15%
-
2 obstructed openings
± 30%
± 15%
3 obstructed openings
0
± 25%
4 obstructed openings
0
± 35%
5 obstructed openings
0
0
6 obstructed openings
0
0
0 not practical / - not possible
Example:
If 3 of a total of 8 air sampling openings are found to be obstructed, airflow monitoring must
be set to ± 25% using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software.
NOTICE!
When planning in accordance with EN 54-20, airflow monitoring must always be set to 20%.
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
3.8
Planning | en
49
Simplified pipe planning
Simplified planning is used for equipment protection and in premises with smaller
dimensions. The benefit of this type of planning is the standard diameters of the suction
openings.
Planning is to be carried out according to regulations specified in Section 3.6 Standard Pipe
Planning, page 39. Additionally, the following limiting values and opening diameters must be
observed. An additional accessory (air filter, condensate separator etc.) can have an effect on
the maximum pipe length.
3.8.1
I-Pipe System - Simplified Planning
1 Pipe System
FAS-420-TM
FAS-420-TM-R
FAS-420-TM-RVB
E
D
C
B
A
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
FAS-420-TM series
Figure 3.11
Limiting values
FAS / FCS
I-pipe system, e.g. for equipment protection
Min. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
2m
Max. distance FAS-420-TM – 1st air sampling opening
20 m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
40 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
5x3m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system for a fan voltage
< 10.5 V
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
30 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
5x3m
Max. number of air sampling openings (n) per pipe
5 units
system
Min. distance between 2 air sampling openings
0.1 m
Max. distance between 2 air sampling openings
4m
Min. distance between 2 air sampling openings for fire
3m
source identification
I-pipe system
Ø of all air sampling
openings in
a
Number of air sampling openings
1
2
3
4
5
6.8
4.6
4.0
3.6
3.4
mma
Punch diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
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en | Planning
3.8.2
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
U-Pipe System - Simplified Planning
1 pipe system
FAS-420-TM
FAS-420-TM-R
FAS-420-TM-RVB
E
D
C
B
A
FAS-420-TM series
Figure 3.12
Limiting values
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
FAS / FCS
U-pipe system, e.g. for equipment protection
Min. distance FAS-420-TM – T-fitting
2m
Max. distance FAS-420-TM – T-fitting
20 m
Max. branch length
25 m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
50 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system for a fan voltage
< 10.5 V
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
40 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Max. number of air sampling openings (n) per pipe
8 units
system
Min. distance between 2 air sampling openings
0.1 m
Max. distance between 2 air sampling openings
4m
U-pipe system
Number of air sampling openings
Ø of all air sampling openings in
2
4
6
8
6.0
4.2
3.4
3.0
mma
a Punch
3.8.3
diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
U-pipe System - Simplified Planning
1 pipe system
d
FAS-420-TM
FAS-420-TM-R
FAS-420-TM-RVB
FAS / FCS
Figure 3.13
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U-pipe system, e.g. for equipment protection
Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Planning | en
Limiting values
Min. distance FAS-420-TM – T-fitting
2m
Max. distance FAS-420-TM – T-fitting
20 m
Max. branch length
16.5 m
51
Max. total pipe length per pipe system
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
50 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system for a fan voltage
< 10.5 V
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
40 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Max. number of air sampling openings (n) per pipe
6 units
system
Min. distance between 2 air sampling openings
0.1 m
Max. distance between 2 air sampling openings
4m
M-pipe system
Number of air sampling openings
Ø of all air sampling openings in
3
6
5.0
3.6
mma
a
3.8.4
Punch diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
Double U-Pipe System - Simplified Planning
1 pipe system
FAS-420-TM
FAS / FCS
FAS-420-TM-R
FAS-420-TM series
FAS-420-TM-RVB
E
C
D
A
B
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Figure 3.14
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Double U-pipe system, e.g. for equipment protection
Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Limiting values
Min. distance FAS-420-TM – last T-fitting
2m
Max. distance FAS-420-TM – last T-fitting
20 m
Max. branch length
12.5 m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
50 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Max. total pipe length per pipe system for a fan voltage
< 10.5 V
–
Pipe Ø 25 mm
40 m
–
Additional pipe Ø 12 mm
8x3m
Max. number of air sampling openings (n) per pipe
8 units
system
Min. distance between 2 air sampling openings
0.1 m
Max. distance between 2 air sampling openings
4m
Double U-pipe system
Number of air sampling openings
Ø of air sampling openings in
4
8
4.4
3.0
mma
a Punch
3.9
diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet
Planning for forced airflow
Monitoring the air-conditioning ducts
Air-conditioning units are broken down into low and high-speed units (see table below). The
details provided in this chapter apply only to low-speed units. There are no adequate
empirical values available for high-speed units. Hence, smoke trials must be executed for airconditioning ducts with flow speeds above 10 m/s, in order to determine optimal response
behavior.
Air-conditioning
ducts
Low-speed units
Flow speed
Maximum 6 to 10 m/s
Duct cross-section
Large
Difference pressures along Low
High-speed units
> 10 m/s
Small
High
the flow direction
The speed distribution in an air-conditioning duct appears as follows:
v4
v3
v2
v1
Figure 3.15
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1
1
Air-conditioning duct
V1 - V4
Flow speed
v1 > v2 > v3 > v4
Speed distribution in an air-conditioning duct
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Planning | en
53
Aspiration
To achieve optimal detection results, the pipe system should be organized into the areas v1
to v3
Installation location of the pipe system
The exhaust duct should be selected as the installation location of the pipe system, as far as
possible away from the sound dampers, air baffles and bends. The distance from obstacles of
this kind should be at least three times the smallest duct diameter.
If it is absolutely essential to install the pipe system directly behind air baffles, sound
dampers or bends; the main speed ranges must be monitored (see Figure 3.16/Figure 3.17).
3 x dmin
1
Main speed range
2
Exceptional arrangement of the
pipe system (if distance of
1
3 x dmin cannot be observed)
3
Typical pipe system
arrangement
2
3
dmin
Smallest duct diameter
Figure 3.16 Direction change of the duct without air baffles
2
3
4
5
1
1
Smoke aspiration pipe
2
Air-conditioning duct
3
Main speed range
4
Sound dampers
5
Bore
Figure 3.17 Sound dampers in a duct
When installing a pipe system in air-conditioning ducts, the following must be observed:
–
Since the FAS-420-TM and the pipe system are located in different pressure ranges, an
air return pipe (see Figure 3.18) must be provided.
–
The pipe entries into the duct must be airtight.
–
The portion of the pipe system that is outside the duct must be sealed airtight.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
1 2
2
FAS / FCS
3
5
1/2 b
4
b
5
F
F
Front view
A
Plan view
1
Air-conditioning duct
2
Duct adapter
3
Airflow
4
Aspiration
5
Air-return pipe
b
Width of air-conditioning
duct
1
3
2
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
B
FAS-420-TM series
i
A
FAS / FCS
v4
v3
v2
v1 - v4
Flow speed
v1
A
Figure 3.18
Air-return pipe
The open end of the air-return pipe is sloped at an angle of 45° (see Figure 5.5, Page 71).
The distance of the air sampling openings to one another and to the duct wall is represented
in the following table.
Bore distances
Distance of the air sampling openings to the
Duct cross-section
Duct cross-section
≤ 0.5 m²
≤ 0.5 m²
100 to 200 mm
200 to 300 mm
100 mm
150 mm
wall
Distance of the air sampling openings to one
another
Diameter of the air sampling openings
The diameter of the air sampling openings is derived from the number of air sampling
openings. The precise value can be obtained from Section 3.8 Simplified pipe planning.
The pipe is closed with an end cap without bore hole.
Arrangement
The air sampling openings must face the airflow.
Note when planning that the air-conditioning ducts are often only accessible from two sides
for installation of the pipe system.
Example
Figure 3.19 shows two planning examples of pipe systems in air-conditioning ducts.
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Planning | en
FAS / FCS
A
FAS / FCS
55
Cross-sectional area of duct
(with A = a x b)
a
Height of air-conditioning
duct
b
100
a
a
Width of air-conditioning
duct
100
150
1/2 b
b
A ≤ 0,5 m2
200
1/2 b
b
A > 0,5 m2
Figure 3.19 Ducts with small and large duct cross-sections
3.10
Power Supply
To measure the power supply, the detector-ready state of the security system and the alarm
case are regarded. When the system is ready to detect, the power supply must provide the
standby current for the aspirating smoke detectors and ensure the emergency power
rechargeable battery is charged in accordance with DIN VDE 0833, part 1 (80% charged in
24 hrs).
The current in the event of an alarm is calculated according to the following formula:
Calculation of current for space protection
Ig
=
IA . nmax + IQ . (n _ nmax )
I PS max
Equipment protection
I g = IA .
n
+
IQ . (n
_
n)
I PS max
Charging current
The power for charging the rechargeable battery is calculated with the following formula:
IL
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=
0,8 . Kn
24
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
I g = IQ. n + IL
I PS max
where
Ig
=
Total current of all connected aspirating smoke detectors in [A]
IA
=
Alarm current of an aspirating smoke detector in [A]
IQ
=
Standby current of an aspirating smoke detector in [A]
IPSmax
=
Max. power supply of the network power supply in [A]
IL
=
Charging current of the rechargeable batteries (80% of the nominal
=
capacity within 24 hours) in [A]
Rated capacity of the rechargeable battery in [Ah]
=
=
Total number of connected aspirating smoke detectors
The highest number of aspirating smoke detectors in one detection zone
Kn
n
nmax
NOTICE!
The power supply units are laid out using the calculated total current Ig with the highest value.
Please refer to Section 2.8 Technical Specifications, page 30 for the current consumption of the
FAS-420-TM.
Line calculation
The maximum line length is derived from the permissible voltage drop on the supply line. The
permissible voltage drop is the difference between the end-point voltage of the backup
battery (21.5 V) and the lower operating voltage limits of the aspirating smoke detectors.
L max
=
γ . ΔU . A
Ig . 2
where
Lmax
A
Ig
γ
ΔU
=
Maximum line length in [m]
=
=
Strand cross-section in [mm²]
Total current of all connected aspirating smoke detectors in [A]
=
=
Conductivity: Cu=57 m/Ω mm²
Charging current of the rechargeable batteries (80% of the nominal
capacity within 24 hours) in [A]
To guarantee the impermeability of the housing, the corresponding cable bushing must be
selected for the existing cable:
–
M 25 cable bushing: ∅ 9-14 mm
–
M 20 cable bushing: ∅ 8-12 mm
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57
Emergency power calculation
The rated capacity is calculated according to the following formula:
Kn
=
Rated capacity of the backup batteries in [Ah]
IQ
n
t
=
Standby current of an aspirating smoke detector in [A]
=
=
=
Total number of connected aspirating smoke detectors
Required bridging time in [hrs]
Total current of all connected aspirating smoke detectors in [A]
Ig
The factor 1.25 used in the formula is only applicable with bridging times ≤ 24 hours.
The "Fire System Designer" (FSD) enables case-specific calculations to be carried out for
planning Bosch LSN improved version fire panels.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
4
Installing the Aspirating Smoke Detector
4.1
General
The regulations, guidelines and provisions described in Section 3.1 Regulations, page 33 apply.
The following must be observed when installing the FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector:
1.
Do not interfere with, modify or convert the equipment. If adjustments cannot be
avoided, consult with the operator, the unit manufacturer and/or the supply company.
2.
All changes to the house mains (230 V/400 V supply) and to third-party systems must be
executed by the builder. This includes e.g.
–
Primary connection of the mains charger
–
Carrying out any potentially essential lightning and surge protection measures in
compliance with relevant standards
WARNING!
The equipment may only be installed by authorized and qualified personnel!
Switch off the unit before carrying out any connection work!
4.2
Setting the Detector Address
O
N
1
O
N
2
1
2
3
3
4
4
5
DIP
6
7
5
8
6
7
8
Figure 4.1 Setting the detector address
The aspirating smoke detector's address is set using the 8-pin DIP switches on the PC board
and a suitable sharp object. The default address is "0" (all DIP switches to "off"). The DIP
switch settings for all approved addresses are listed in the table in the Appendix on Page 95
(0= off, 1= on).
Address Operating mode
(A)
0
Loop
Automatic address assignment in "improved
Network structure
Stub
T-tap
X
X
-
version" LSN mode
1 to 254 Manual address assignment in "improved
X
X
X
version" LSN mode
255 = CL Automatic address assignment in "classic"
X
X
-
LSN mode (address range: max. 127)
x = possible
- = not possible
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59
NOTICE!
It is not permitted to use different operating modes in one loop/stub/T-tap next to each other.
4.3
Installing the Unit
NOTICE!
–
When selecting the installation location, ensure that the unit displays are easily visible.
–
Remember when planning that the unit fans generate a noise level of approx. 40 dB(A).
–
In order to prevent damage to the device, ensure that the installation location is not in a
door opening area.
The aspirating smoke detector can be installed with the aspiration device pointing upwards or
downwards. Turn the detector module in the cover by 180° as applicable.
A
A
B
Aspiration device
upwards
≥ 10 cm
B
Aspiration device
downwards with air outlet
1
opening upwards
1
Smoke aspiration pipe
2
Air-return pipe
2
S
FA
M
0-T
-42
es
seri
≥ 10 cm
S
FA
M
0-T
-42
es
seri
1
Figure 4.2
FAS-420-TM installation
Aspiration from above
Ensure that the air outlet of the aspirating smoke detector is not obstructed. Maintain a
distance of at least 10 cm between the air outlet of the FAS-420-TM and the surrounding
objects (e.g. wall).
Aspiration from below
If the air-return pipe is directed upwards, it must be guaranteed that no foreign bodies or
dripping water can penetrate the air return. You should therefore use a short, downward
angled pipe (see Figure 4.2).
Turning the detector module in the cover
In order to turn the detector module in the cover of the FAS-420-TM detection unit by 180°,
proceed as follows:
1.
Remove the four screws (see Figure 4.3 for positions).
2.
Now turn the cover and fasten the detector module again with the four screws.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
1
1
Screws
Figure 4.3 Turning the detector module in the cover of the FAS-420-TM
detection unit
Installation material
Cylinder or flat head screws
–
Maximum thread diameter: 4 mm
–
Head diameter: max. 8 mm
Bore distances
The distances of the borings for securing the FAS-420-TM are shown in Figure 4.4.
140
200
130
122
Figure 4.4 Bore distances of FAS-420-TM's housing base
Installation
1.
First, clearly mark the fixing points on the installation position provided on the
equipment. To guarantee a safe and low-vibration hold, the housing base must be
secured with four screws.
2.
Fix the housing base to the surface by means of four screws in accordance with the
mounting type. Make sure that the housing base is not fixed under mechanical tension
and that the screws are not tightened too much. Otherwise, the device might be
damaged or undesirable secondary noise may arise.
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1
61
Smoke aspiration pipe
1
Figure 4.5
Connecting the aspiration pipe to the FAS-420-TM Aspirating
Smoke Detector
3.
To connect the aspiration pipe to the FAS-420-TM, insert it into the pipe connection
provided (see Figure 4.5).
NOTICE!
–
Do not use glue to connect the aspiration pipe and pipe connection.
–
In the event of sharp temperature fluctuations, the pipe must be fixed immediately in
front of the unit so that the pipe does not pull out of the pipe connection when the length
changes (see Section 5.1 Length Change of the Pipe System, page 68).
4.
Insert the detector module into the pre-mounted housing base. When doing this, be
aware of the mechanical coding, which protects the device against twisting. Tighten the
four screws of the detector module using a screwdriver (see Figure 4.6).
CAUTION!
The components on the PC boards must be protected against damage from electrostatic
charging.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
1
-TM
20
S-4
FA
1
Screws
ies
ser
Figure 4.6 Replacing the detector module of the FAS-420-TM
4.4
Connection to the Fire Panel
4.4.1
Electrical Connection
CAUTION!
Switch off the unit before carrying out any connection work!
Proceed as follows to prepare the electrical connections:
1.
Using a screwdriver, carefully punch out the required cable entries from the housing
base.
2.
Fit the cable entry point(s) as required with M20 or M25 cable entries by pushing them
into the corresponding cable bushings. 2 x M20 and 1 x M25 cable entries are supplied in
the pack.
3.
Punch out the cable entries using a sharp object.
Caution: Do not cut the cable entries with a knife!
4.
Feed the connection cable(s) (max. 2.5 mm²) through the prepared M20 or M25 cable
entries into the device and cut to the required length inside the device.
5.
Wire the unit according to the connection information described below (see Table 4.1).
NOTICE!
The units are usually connected to an additional power supply. When connecting to a Bosch
fire panel LSN improved version, the voltage is supplied via the AUX outputs of the battery
charger module. Alternatively, an external mains unit (e.g. FPP-5000 or UEV 1000) can be
used.
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1a
1b
2a
2b
V+
V-
a1 -
3a
3b
a2 -
b1 +
Shield
4a
4b
5a
5b
b2 +
Shield
6a
6b
7a
7b
8a
8b
LSN
V+
V-
63
LSN
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Data +
Data -
Designation
V+
V-
Cable
Red
Black
Function
Additional power supply, incoming
V+
V-
Red
Black
Additional power supply, outgoing
a1b1+
a2b2+
Shield
Data+
Data-
White
Yellow
White
Yellow
-
LSN a, incoming
LSN b, incoming
LSN a, outgoing
LSN b, outgoing
Shield wire
Data line connection for digital external detector alarm
display*
*Digital external detector alarm displays for the FAS-420-TM series must be ordered
separately.
Table 4.1 Assignment of screw terminals in the housing base
4.4.2
LSN Configuration
Once the aspirating smoke detector has been connected to the LSN, the detector and
detector unit are configured using the fire panel programming software via a laptop
connected to the fire panel. Information on the LSN configuration can also be found in the
Online Help feature of the programming software.
Notes on diagnostics data for the fire panel are contained in the operation guide for the fire
panel.
4.4.3
Parameter Settings via Programming Software
The parameters for each detection unit are specified in the relevant "Sensor" dialog window
via drop-down fields. The default settings are marked in bold below (see tables).
You can set the following parameters:
Detector module
NOTICE!
The DM-TM-50 Detector Module is installed as standard in all FAS-420-TM series devices and
appears as a default setting. Please do not change this!
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Sensitivity
0.5%/m
1%/m
2%/m
Programmable*
Further sensitivity
A second sensitivity can be set, e.g. for day/
night mode. For adjustable sensitivity levels,
Activation threshold for airflow
Alarm delay
malfunction
20%
30%
50%
Programmable*
10 sec
30 sec
60 sec
Programmable*
see left.
Airflow Fault Delay
30 sec
100 sec
Fan voltage
9V
10.5 V
LOGIC×SENS Filter
on
15 min
Programmable*
12 V
Programmable*
off
* Programmable= select this option in order to perform further settings via the
FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software.
NOTICE!
When the fire panel is in revision operation, the LOGIC×SENS is temporarily deactivated. This
allows the detector module to be checked quickly and directly.
The activation threshold for the airflow malfunction is set to 20% volume flow change by
default. Higher values are not permitted within EN 54-20.
Fire source identification
With the device variants FAS-420-TM-R and FAS-420-TM-RVB, it is possible to assign each of
the five monitored rooms a designation. To do this, click on the corresponding room and enter
the designation for this room in the "Label" field. The designation can be a maximum of 31
characters. In the event of a fire, this designation is displayed on the fire panel's operating
and display unit, making it possible for the fire source to be clearly pinpointed.
4.4.4
Settings via the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software
The settings described below only refer to the device variants FAS-420-TM-R and
FAS-420-TM-RVB.
Fire source identification
NOTICE!
The term "ROOM×IDENT" is used in the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software for identifying the
fire source.
Fire source identification is activated/deactivated using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic
Software via the "Settings" screen. The "ROOM×IDENT" function is deactivated as standard.
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4.5
Installing the Aspirating Smoke Detector | en
65
Data Logging
1
1
FAS-ASD-DIAG
2
Infrared port
3
USB connection
cable
4
3
4
USB port
2
Figure 4.7
Connecting a PC to the FAS-420-TM
The FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software is used to conduct the device tests.
The current airflow sensor data, smoke level values, various status values and the parameters
configured via the programming software can be read out locally using a laptop. This makes it
much easier to detect altered operation conditions in the event of service being carried out.
The data is read out via the infrared port of the FAS-420-TM to the diagnostic appliance. The
diagnostic appliance can be secured to the aspirating smoke detector with a unit mounting or
be kept in a straight line (± 10°) with the infrared port at a distance of up to 3 m. The supplied
USB cable connects the diagnostic appliance to the USB port of the PC/laptop (see
Figure 4.7).
The data that is read out is stored in the appliance for 72 hours for diagnostic purposes.
Windows 2000 (with the latest service pack) or Windows XP can be used as the operating
system.
NOTICE!
For correct color display, the monitor used and the graphics card must be able to display
more than 256 colors.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Installation of the Pipe System
At the very least, the pipes and fittings used for the pipe system must comply with class 1131
according to EN 61386-1, 2004. Class 1131 requires the following of the pipe system in use:
Features
Severity
Compression resistance
125 N
Shock resistance
0.5 kg, drop height of 100 mm
Temperature range
-15 °C to +60 °C
The pipe system must be constructed using the following pipes and the associated fittings:
Exterior diameter
Smoke aspiration pipe
25 mm
Internal diameter
ABS
PVC*
21.4 mm
21.2 mm
* PVC pipes do not correspond to the temperature range given above.
NOTICE!
When constructing the pipe system, observe the temperature range specified in
Section 2.8.2 Pipe system, page 31.
Installation instructions
The pipe system must be constructed according to planning specifications and taking into
account the planning guidelines (see Section 3 Planning, page 33).
1.
Shorten the pipes with a pipe-cutter (38 mm) or a metal saw. Deburr the joints and clean
up the chips.
2.
Before gluing, clean the adhesion points with the prescribed cleaning agent (Tangit) to
remove dirt and grease. Use the Tangit adhesive to glue the pipe transitions with the
appropriate fittings so that they are airtight.
NOTICE!
If halogen-free plastics must be used, the installation procedures may vary depending on the
selected material:
–
ABS is glued
–
Polypropylene (PP) is welded
–
Polyamide (PA) is pushed together and bolted.
3.
Minimize pipe lengths and changes of direction. Pipe elbows have an extremely high flow
resistance. Therefore, they should only be used where they cannot be avoided for
structural engineering reasons. If necessary, reduce pipe lengths in proportion to the
pipe elbows used.
NOTICE!
Pipe bends must be given preference over pipe elbows. Too many bends and pipe elbows
reduce the air speed in the aspiration pipe, thereby increasing the detection time.
As a benchmark, a pipe bend corresponds to a straight pipe length of 0.3 m. An elbow
corresponds to a straight pipe length of 1.5 m.
4.
Fix the pipe system. It must not sag or be possible to move it. Fasten the pipes with pipe
clips without rubber inserts. The distance between the pipe clips should not exceed
80 cm. At high temperatures, reduce the distance between the pipe clips to a maximum
of 30 cm.
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Installation of the Pipe System | en
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NOTICE!
Do not use pipe clips with rubber inserts since these do not allow length extensions and the
pipe system could thus bend or even tear.
5.
Close open pipe ends with an end cap.
NOTICE!
On completion, test the pipe system:
–
For tightness
–
For fault-free connections
–
For correct planning of the air sampling openings.
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5.1
en | Installation of the Pipe System
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Length Change of the Pipe System
Length changes (extensions and reductions) of the pipes are caused by temperature changes.
Temperature increases cause lengthening of the pipes, temperature drops cause shortening
of the pipes. The length change must be given particular consideration if the temperature of
the pipe system at the time of installation deviates from the normal operating temperature.
The length change can be calculated using the following formula:
where
ΔL
=
Length change in [mm]
L
=
Length of the pipe to be calculated in [m]
ΔT
=
Maximum temperature difference in [°C]
δPVC
=
0.08 mm/m x °C
δABS
=
0.101 mm/m x °C
For example, a temperature change of 10 °C on a 10 m-long PVC pipe causes a length change
of 8 mm.
Mounting clamps
PVC pipe clips are used as standard for installing the pipe system. These clips do not allow
any length extensions.
1 Standard mounting clamps for 25 mm pipe
2 Plastic mounting clamps for 25 mm pipe, for
length changes and temperatures of up to -40 °C
1
2
3
3 Spring steel clamp for 25 mm pipe, for high-rise
warehouses and temperatures of up to -40 °C
Figure 5.1 Overview of mounting clamps
5.2
Air Sampling Openings
1 Smoke aspiration pipe
2 Aspiration reducing film sheet with
1
4
2
5 6
4 3
air sampling opening
3 Marking tape for aspiration
reducing film sheet
4 Air sampling opening
5 Fire red (RAL 3000)
6 Transparent
Figure 5.2 Example of an aspiration boring with aspiration reducing film sheet
Air sampling openings
Select the structure of the air sampling opening (aspiration boring) and the position in the
pipe system according to the project specification and taking into account the planning
guidelines.
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Aspiration borings
1.
Bore an aspiration boring with a 10 mm drill at a right angle to the pipe.
Deburr the boring carefully and remove chips.
Clean the boring area (across the entire span of the pipe) of grease and dust, e.g. with
Tangit cleaning agent.
2.
Select the size of the aspiration reducing film sheet according to the specifications.
Glue the aspiration reducing film sheet to the opening (see Figure 5.3).
3.
Glue the marking tape over the aspiration reducing film sheet, in order to prevent the film
sheet from becoming detached.
1
1.
2
Smoke aspiration pipe
2
10 mm aspiration boring
3
Aspiration reducing film sheet
4
Marking tape for aspiration
reducing film sheet
3
7.0
7.0
7.0
7.0
2.
1
5
Fire red stripes (RAL 3000)
6
Transparent
4
7.0
7.0
3.
5
6
Figure 5.3
Applying the aspiration reducing film sheet
NOTICE!
The holes of the aspiration reducing film sheet and the marking tape must be exactly over the
aspiration boring so that the opening diameter of the aspiration reducing film sheet is not
changed.
To keep the adhesive surfaces of the film sheets free of dust and grease, avoid touching them.
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5.3
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Ceiling Lead-through
1
1.
2
4.
1
T-fitting
2
Hose connection for ceiling lead-through
3
Aspiration hose for ceiling lead-through
4
Ceiling lead-through nut
5
False ceiling
6
Ceiling lead-through (part)
7
Aspiration reducing film sheet
3
4
2.
5
6
3.
5.
7
The following steps are essential for installing a ceiling lead-through:
1.
Before gluing, clean the adhesion points with the prescribed cleaning agent to remove
dirt and grease. Glue the hose connection to the relevant T-fitting on the aspiration pipe
using Tangit adhesive.
2.
Drill a Ø 13 mm hole in the false ceiling for each ceiling lead-through.
3.
Install the ceiling lead-through by removing the nut, pushing the part with the hose nozzle
through the bore from below, then refitting and tightening the nut above the false ceiling.
4.
Determine the required aspiration hose and cut to length. Place the cut end of the hose
onto the hose nozzle in the ceiling lead-through and onto the hose connection on the
aspiration pipe T-fitting. If necessary, heat up the hose using a hot air blower.
5.
Glue the required aspiration reducing film sheet (as per the planning guidelines) onto the
ceiling lead-through.
NOTICE!
The hole in the aspiration reducing film sheet must be positioned exactly over the opening in
the ceiling lead-through. The opening diameter in the aspiration reducing film sheet must not
be altered.
To keep the adhesive surfaces of the film sheets free of dust and grease, avoid touching them.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Installation of the Pipe System | en
5.4
Monitoring with Forced Airflow
5.4.1
Detection at Intake and Exhaust Openings
71
CAUTION!
If the smoke aspiration occurs in a forced airflow (fan, air-conditioning units), direct the air
sampling openings depending on the exhaust speed in the airflow (see Figure 5.4).
1
1
Aspiration pipe with air sampling
openings
2
Exhaust speed < 0.5 m/s
3
Exhaust speed > 0.5 m/s
30°
2
Figure 5.4
3
Positioning the air sampling opening depending on air
speed
5.4.2
Detection in the Bypass
For details on connecting the air return, please see Section 5.6 Air-return pipe, page 72.
1
2
3
1/2 b
b
4
Figure 5.5
1
Air-conditioning duct
2
Duct adapter
3
Aspiration
4
Air-return Pipe
b
Width of air-conditioning duct
Positioning the air-return pipe – example with an air-
conditioning duct (bypass)
For FAS-420-TM planning in these applications, see Section 3.9 Planning for forced airflow,
page 52.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
5.5
Air filter
5.5.1
Installing the Air Filter Box
110
90
Figure 5.6 Boring distances of holes in base of FAS-ASD-WS air filter box
Filter box
1.
To use the filter box in the pipe system, use the two PG29 filter screw connections
supplied.
2.
Install these cable glands in precisely the same way as for the pipe adapter, for example.
3.
When installing the filter, note the throughflow direction, which is specified on the type
plate on the side of the lower part of the housing.
4.
Screw the air filter housing directly onto the wall with the lower part of the housing.
Installation material
Cylinder or flathead screws are suitable for wall mounting:
5.6
–
Maximum thread diameter: 4 mm
–
Head diameter: 5 to 7 mm.
Air-return pipe
1
0-T
-42
S
FA
M
Air-return pipe (aspiration pipe)
s
rie
se
1
Figure 5.7 Installing the air-return pipe
Feed the air-return pipe into the designated pipe connection of the FAS-420-TM. The airreturn pipe fits perfectly in the connection and guarantees a firm hold.
NOTICE!
The pipe must be fixed immediately in front of the unit so that the pipe does not pull out of
the pipe connection due to any change in length that occurs (see Section 5.1 Length Change of
the Pipe System, page 68).
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5.7
Installation of the Pipe System | en
73
Three-way tap
1
A
3
Blast air/compressed air
connection
C
B
2
Pipe system connection
3
Aspirating smoke detector
connection
4
4
Air filter (optional)
C
1.
B
A
C
2.
B
A
C
3.
FA
B
Figure 5.8
1
2
0-TM
S-42
se
ries
A
Installing the three-way tap
The three-way tap is required to blow out the pipe system with blast air (as a preference) or
compressed air*. The aspirating smoke detector and the downstream pipe system accessory
components (e.g. air filter) must not and cannot be blown-out.
A check valve for relieving pressure from the pipe system must be fitted to the end of each
pipe branch. The check valve prevents damage to the air sampling openings and prevents dirt
deposits from being blown through the pipe system.
To prevent aspiration reducing film sheets in deep-freeze areas from tearing, it is advisable to
use special deep-freeze aspiration reductions.Check valve and deep-freeze aspiration
reductions are available on separate order.
* Compressed air is compressed, non-purified and humid ambient air. Blast air, on the other hand, is
purified and dehumidified air. If the FAS-420-TM and pipe system are located in areas with temperatures
below freezing, blast air is to be used for blowing out.
Connections
Fasten the three-way tap using the transition screw connections in the pipe system.
When installing, note the assignment of the connections (see Figure 5.8):
–
Install the aspiration pipe system on connection C.
–
Install the FAS-420-TM on connection A.
–
Attach the blast air supply (blast or mobile blowing-out system) to connection B of the
three-way tap.
Refer to Section 7.7 Blowing-out Process for the Pipe System, page 90 for information on how to
carry out the manual blowing-out process.
5.8
Water separator
Standard
The standard water separator is installed using a PG29 cable gland and a T-fitting between the
FAS-420 and the pipe system.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
FAS-ASD-WS Water Separator
The FAS-ASD-WS Water Separator must be fitted at the lowest point in the pipe system
downstream of the air filter and the aspirating smoke detector (see Figure 5.9).
FA
0-TM
S-42
se
rie
1
Water separator
2
Pipe system connection
3
45° pipe elbow
s
3
2
1
3
Figure 5.9 Installing the FAS-ASD-WS Water Separator in the pipe
system
Connection
Attach two 45° pipe elbows on both sides (not supplied as standard) in order to achieve the
optimum distance from the wall for mounting the brackets. When installing, note the correct
direction of flow (see arrow on plastic container).
Also fasten the water separator with two screws and the clamp.
To empty, open the drain valve (see Section 7.12 Maintenance Intervals, page 92).
5.9
Test Adapter
1 Test Adapter
2 Pipe system connection
-TM
20
S-4
FA
se
s
rie
1
2
Figure 5.10
Installing the test adapter in the pipe system
For test purposes, the pipe system connection is simply pulled out and the test pipe
connected directly to the aspirating smoke detector. However, this is not possible if the
aspiration pipe system has to be permanently mounted. A test adapter should be used for this
application.
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The test adapter is glued into the pipe system in the direct vicinity of the aspirating smoke
detector. During normal operation, the test adapter must always be closed. It is only opened
for maintenance and service purposes in order to admit test gas or smoke.
CAUTION!
Once the detection system of the aspirating smoke detector and the alarm transfer have been
tested (see Page 79), the test adapter must be closed again; otherwise there will be an airflow
malfunction!
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6
Commissioning
6.1
Preparation
Checking the settings
Check the detector address setting prior to commissioning (Section 4.2 Setting the Detector
Address, page 58).
Install the pipe system fully before inserting the detector module and connect it to the
housing base of the FAS-420-TM.
Connection test
Check whether…
1.
The correct aspiration reducing film sheets are glued to the air sampling openings.
2.
The pipe system is securely connected to the FAS-420-TM pipe connection.
3.
All pipe fittings are glued together and the pipe system is sealed.
To do this, first close all air sampling openings (e.g. with duct tape). Then measure the
negative pressure at the opening for the return airflow using a digital precision pressure
gauge (see Section 6.7.2 Conducting the Functional Test, page 82).
After a short run-up time, the negative pressure must be 80 Pa.
FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software
Then check the system using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software.
Follow the procedure below:
1.
Install the diagnostic software on a laptop or PC (for system requirements and
connections, see Section 4.5 Data Logging, page 65).
2.
The data transmission of the FAS-420-TM takes place bidirectionally via the infrared port
on the front of the device. The diagnostic appliance is connected to the PC using the USB
cable provided.
3.
The diagnostic software is started.
The current FAS-420-TM data is displayed on the PC’s screen.
NOTICE!
For a later evaluation of the airflow value, record the calibration type (see
Section 6.3 Calibrating the Airflow Sensor), start-up temperature, air pressure and height above
sea level in the test log (see Section 8.4 Test Log for Aspirating Smoke Detectors in the
FAS-420-TM Series, page 99).
6.2
Detector Module Commissioning
1.
Insert the FAS-420-TM detector module into the pre-mounted housing base that has been
checked for correct wiring.
NOTICE!
When inserting the detector module, be aware of the mechanical coding, which protects the
device against twisting.
2.
Replug the X4 jumper when inserting the detector module (PIN 1-2 or PIN 2-3, or vice
versa). Replugging will cause airflow calibration to be carried out automatically (see
Figure 6.1).
3.
The green operation display flashes when the FAS-420-TM is initializing. If initialization is
complete, the operation display lights up permanently.
4.
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The airflow of the FAS-420-TM must not be influenced during the initialization phase.
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77
1 Housing Base
1
2 Detector module
3 Jumper X4
PIN 1-2 or PIN 2-3
X1
X2
X3
3
3 2 1
X4
-TM
20
S-4
FA
rie
se
s
2
Figure 6.1
6.3
Inserting the detector module into the housing base
Calibrating the Airflow Sensor
The airflow initialization of the FAS-420-TM is successfully completed if the status of the
temperature and the airflow stabilizes for a period of 2 minutes, i.e.:
–
The temperature fluctuates by less than 0.1 °C
–
The airflow is not fluctuating too heavily (temperature control)
–
The fan voltage can be set normally; fan and fan power pack working normally
The maximum operating period is 2 hours.
The airflow initialization is aborted immediately if one of the following errors occurs:
–
Temperature measurement faulty
–
Airflow measurement faulty
–
Fan control faulty
The calibration of the airflow sensor can be carried out independently of the air pressure or
depending on it.
To be able to judge the airflow sensor value correctly during start-up work, always adhere to
the type of calibration in the test log.
6.3.1
Air-Pressure-Independent Calibration
Calibration of the FAS-420-TM independently of the air pressure takes place automatically
each time the detector module is inserted into the housing base and the X4 jumper is
replugged, or via the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software.
During the teach-in phase, the alarm detection is fully functional. The operating display
flashes during this time and the airflow must not be influenced in any way. On completion of
initialization, the operating display is permanently lit and the airflow sensor has determined a
target value for the connected pipe system.
6.3.2
Air-Pressure-Dependent Calibration
A calibration of the airflow sensor that is dependent on the air pressure can only be carried
out using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software. A barometer is required for this
(recommended: GPB 1300 digital precision pocket barometer from Greisinger electronic
GmbH).
The following steps are required:
1.
In the "Settings" screen, press the bottom button [Set], so that you can change the
values in the diagnostic software.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
2.
Determine the height above sea level of the installation location of the aspirating smoke
detector and enter this value into the relevant input field.
3.
Measure the air pressure using the handheld barometer and enter this value in the
relevant input field.
NOTICE!
If this measured air pressure does not correspond to the respective average height for the
year, the airflow sensor is not calibrated to 0%.
4.
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Press the [Initialising] button to confirm.
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Checking the Detector Module and Alarm Transfer
NOTICE!
In order to accelerate the alarm evaluation during gas testing, the fire panel must be set to
revision operation. The LOGIC·SENS is temporarily deactivated at this point.
1.
Detach the FAS-420-TM using test aerosol. Spray the test aerosol either into the first air
sampling opening or into the test adapter on the pipe system.
2.
Use the table below to check the transmission line to the fire panel.
Check…
–
Whether the alarm is displayed on the
If this is not the case, ...
–
Check whether the display board is
aspirating smoke detector
–
Whether the alarm is transmitted to the
connected
–
There is a fault with the aspirating smoke
–
detector Replace the detector module
Check the transmission lines
fire panel and reported on the
appropriate line
NOTICE!
Note all checked data in the test log.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Checking Malfunction Transmission
NOTICE!
The steps below may only be carried out following an airflow calibration in accordance with
Section 6.3 Calibrating the Airflow Sensor.
Malfunction transmission occurs as part of checking the airflow monitoring system (as per
section below).
Check whether, when a pipe breakage and an obstruction are detected, the malfunction is
displayed at the aspirating smoke detector and at the fire panel.
6.6
Checking Airflow Monitoring
NOTICE!
The steps below may only be carried out following an airflow calibration in accordance with
Section 6.3 Calibrating the Airflow Sensor.
Pipe breakage
Check the breakage detection:
1.
Detach the pipe from the connection to the FAS-420-TM or open the test adapter.
2.
Check whether the fault indication on the smoke aspiration system is flashing and
whether the malfunction is displayed on the fire panel.
3.
Alternatively, check the data of the airflow sensor using the diagnostic appliance and a
PC or laptop.
4.
Check whether the malfunction is displayed on the fire panel.
5.
Enter the result in the test log.
Obstruction
Check the obstruction detection:
1.
Close – depending on the planned airflow monitoring – the corresponding number of air
sampling openings with some duct tape.
2.
Check whether the fault indication on the aspirating smoke detector is flashing and
whether the malfunction is displayed on the fire panel.
3.
Alternatively, check the data of the airflow sensor using the diagnostic appliance and a
PC or laptop.
4.
Check whether the malfunction is displayed on the fire panel.
5.
Enter the result in the test log.
Troubleshooting
If the airflow malfunctions are not correctly detected by the unit, proceed as follows:
Check whether…
1.
All borings are free
2.
The pipe system has breaks or fractures
3.
All pipe connections are tight
4.
The fan can blow out freely
5.
The correct aspiration reducing film sheets were used
6.
Any test adapters and air filters are closed
7.
Any filter inserts are clean
8.
Any ball valves and blowing-out valves are in the operating position.
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If no faults are detected, the functionality of the FAS-420-TM and/or the airflow sensor is
checked using the test pipe or diagnostic software (see Section 6.7 Functional Test of Airflow
Sensors).
If the airflow malfunctions are not displayed on the fire panel, proceed as follows:
Check whether…
–
the FAS-420-TM was programmed in the central fire panel program and the program was
transferred
–
the transmission path between the FAS-420-TM and the fire panel is working correctly.
If no faults are detected, the functionality of the FAS-420-TM and/or the airflow sensor is
checked using the test pipe or diagnostic software (see Section 6.7 Functional Test of Airflow
Sensors, page 81).
6.7
Functional Test of Airflow Sensors
Check the functionality using a test pipe and a digital precision pressure gauge and with the
aid of a PC and the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software.
A full functional test using the digital precision pressure gauge is described below. A limited
functional test can also be carried out without a digital precision pressure gauge.
6.7.1
Preparations for the Functional Test
1.
Select the following settings using the programming software (see
Section 4.4.3 Parameter Settings via Programming Software, page 63):
Sensitivity
0.5%/m
Activation threshold for airflow malfunction
30%
Airflow Fault Delay
30 sec
2.
Fan voltage
9V
Alarm delay
10 sec
LOGIC×SENS filter
on
Disconnect the pipe system from the FAS-420-TM.
NOTICE!
Once the pipe system has been disconnected from the FAS-420-TM, the device reports a
malfunction when the set airflow malfunction delay has lapsed. If no airflow malfunction is
detected, the device is faulty.
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
S
FA
-42
0-T
M
se
rie
82
s
1
B
2
Aspiration borings
3
Pressure measuring hose
4
Adapter
5
Digital precision pressure
gauge
4.
4
Test Pipe
2
ø 4,6 mm
ø 4,2 mm
ø 7,0 mm
3.
1
A
A/
Adapter connection
B
3
5.
5
Figure 6.2 Checking the pipe system connection
3.
Connect the test pipe.
4.
Connect the pressure measuring hose to the adapter connection B. When carrying out a
limited functional test without a digital precision pressure gauge, the connection for the
pressure measuring hose on the test pipe must be closed.
5.
Connect the 4-pin plug of the adapter to the digital pressure gauge.
6.
Connect the PC to the FAS-420-TM through the diagnostic appliance and start the
diagnosis program. You can use the diagnosis program to track the airflow values and the
fault messages during the functional test.
Information for installing the diagnostic software can be found in Section 6.1 Preparation,
page 76.
NOTICE!
The airflow range and fault delay settings must be configured via the FSP-5000-RPS
configuration tool on the fire panel. To configure the settings with the diagnostic tool, the
setting in the FSP-5000-RPS configuration tool must be set to "Programmable".
6.7.2
Conducting the Functional Test
NOTICE!
On completion of the functional test, the original settings must be restored. You should
therefore record this data (e.g. using the log for the device as a saved text file).
1.
Close all the test pipe’s aspiration borings with some duct tape.
After a short run-up time, the negative pressure produced by the FAS-420-TM must be
80 Pa. This step can be omitted if a limited functional test is carried out without a digital
precision pressure gauge.
NOTICE!
Once the aspiration borings have been closed, the device reports the malfunctions "Air flow
too low (static evaluation)" and "Detector module fault" within 30 seconds.
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2.
Free up the 4.6 mm and 4.2 mm aspiration borings on the test pipe again.
3.
In the "Settings" screen, click on the [Set] button at the bottom and start the airflow
83
initialization by pressing the [Initialising] button.
The fault messages and indications must go out. The "Active Initialisation" field in the
"Settings" screen of the diagnostic software flashes while initialization is in progress.
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4.
After initialization, close the 4.2 mm aspiration boring of the test pipe with some duct
tape. After approximately 5 secs, the fault indication on the device must start to flash.
After approximately 35 secs, the fault indication on the device must be permanently
illuminated. The device reports the malfunction "Air flow too low (static evaluation)". The
airflow value is approximately -35%.
5.
Open the 4.2 mm aspiration boring again. After a few seconds, the fault indication on the
FAS-420-TM must stop flashing.
6.
Open the 7.0 mm aspiration boring on the test pipe. After approximately 5 secs, the fault
indication on the device must start to flash. After approximately 35 secs, the fault
indication on the device must be permanently illuminated. The device reports the
malfunction "Air flow too high (static evaluation)". The airflow value is
approximately +85%.
7.
Close the 7.0 mm aspiration boring again. After a few seconds, the fault indication on the
FAS-420-TM must stop flashing.
8.
Remove the test pipe and reconnect the pipe system.
NOTICE!
–
On completion of the functional tests, the original settings must be restored.
–
The commissioning of the device with the pipe system must be repeated from
–
Once commissioning has been concluded, the set values must be collected and saved
Section 6.3 Calibrating the Airflow Sensor.
using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software. A printout of the set values should be
placed in the project folder.
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Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
6.8
Commissioning | en
85
Fire Source Identification Commissioning
Fire source identification is set using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software via the
"ROOM·IDENT" screen.
1.
Click the [Train] button. This opens the view with adjustable values used to determine
the transport times for fire source identification in areas A-E.
NOTICE!
The commissioning of the fire source identification does not make any distinction between the
"ROOM·IDENT" function and the “Fire alarm after ROOM IDENT" function.
2.
3.
First enter the number of air sampling openings.
Then enter the blowing out time and voltage of the blowing out and aspiration fan.
You can access the Help function by clicking the question mark to the right of the
relevant setting.
4.
Click the appropriate aspiration point (A-E) for which the transport time is to be
determined.
5.
Enter the preselection time necessary to reach the aspiration point and supply the
smoke. Once the selected preselection time has expired, the appropriate smoke
aspiration point must be charged with smoke. Once the preselection time has expired,
the smoke must be available at the aspiration point for another 10 to 15 seconds.
6.
7.
Using the smoke level, check that there is no smoke in the aspiration pipe.
Click the [Start] button. The FAS-420-TM-R/-RVB switches to the aspiration pipe blowing
out. The display of the aspiration point concerned is yellow.
8.
Once the preselection time has expired, switch the FAS-420-TM-R/-RVB to aspiration. The
smoke must now be available at the selected aspiration point. The smoke level will
display if smoke is detected by the FAS-420-TM-R/-RVB. The display of the selected
aspiration point turns green and the determined time is entered. Teaching mode for the
selected aspiration point is exited.
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Operation Guide
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en | Maintenance
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
7
Maintenance
7.1
Visual check
Check whether…
7.2
–
The pipe system is securely installed and undamaged (where freely accessible)
–
The air sampling openings of the pipe system are free
–
The aspiration pipe and connection cable are securely connected
–
The FAS-420-TM is undamaged.
Detector Module and Alarm Transfer
Proceed in accordance with Section 6.4 Checking the Detector Module and Alarm Transfer,
page 79. Also check the detector module visually for exterior contamination or damage and
replace it if necessary.
NOTICE!
A hardware defect in the detector module is displayed in the "Fault messages" screen of the
diagnostic software.
7.3
Pipe System
Check the pipe system and the air sampling openings for obstruction in areas susceptible to
dust particles or icing. If necessary, blow out the pipe system and air sampling openings with
blast air. Use a mobile cylinder of compressed air (blowing-out system) or activate the manual
blowing-out system located on site. The components (compressors, compressed air
containers, dryers) required to supply the compressed air can be obtained directly from the
relevant compressed air system suppliers.
CAUTION!
Before blowing out the pipe system, disconnect the FAS-420-TM from the pipe system;
otherwise, the airflow sensor will be damaged.
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Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
7.4
Maintenance | en
87
Replacing the Detector Module
1
1 Screws
es
S
FA
Figure 7.1
1.
0
-42
-TM
seri
Replacing the air filter of the FAS-420-TM
Remove the four screws from the detection module using a screwdriver and pull the
detector module out of the housing base.
2.
Insert the new detector module into the housing base. When doing this, be aware of the
mechanical coding, which protects the device against twisting.
Replug the X4 jumper.
3.
Retighten the four screws on the detector module using a screwdriver.
4.
The unit is initialized automatically when the X4 jumper is replugged.
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7.5
en | Maintenance
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Replacing the Air Filter in the Housing Base
1
2
S-4
FA
0-T
M
1
Screws
2
Air filter bracket
3
Filter insert
ies
ser
2
3
Figure 7.2 Replacing the air filter of the FAS-420-TM
1.
Remove the four screws from the detection module using a screwdriver and pull the
detector module out of the housing base.
2.
Pull both filter brackets out of the housing base and remove the filter inserts. Carry out a
visual check for contamination and replace the filter if necessary. Then put the filter
bracket back into position.
3.
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Retighten the four screws on the detector module using a screwdriver.
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
7.6
Maintenance | en
89
Filter Change on the Filterbox
1.
AB
A
Primary filter
B
Coarse dust filter
C
Fine dust filter
C
2.
S
FA
Figure 7.3
-42
M
0-T
se
s
rie
Changing the filter inserts (in fig.: FAS-ASD-FL Filterbox Large)
To replace the filter inserts, proceed as follows (see Figure 7.3):
1.
Remove the four screws and remove the housing cover.
2.
Remove the old filter inserts and clean the inside of the housing carefully to remove dust.
Now fit the cleaned or new filter inserts. When using the spare filter set for the large
filterbox, ensure you follow the correct sequence (see label on base of housing).
Replace the housing cover and screw it back on.
NOTICE!
In applications with largely fine dust build-up, three fine dust filters can also be used (subject
to separate order).
NOTICE!
Opening the housing cover of the filterbox causes an airflow malfunction in the FAS-420-TM.
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
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7.7
en | Maintenance
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Blowing-out Process for the Pipe System
1
1
2
connection
C
B
A
3
Blast air/compressed air
2
Pipe system connection
3
Aspirating smoke detector
connection
4
4
Air filter (optional)
C
1.
B
A
C
2.
B
A
C
3.
FA
B
0-TM
S-42
se
ries
A
Figure 7.4 Installing the three-way tap
The blast air supply (compressor or mobile blowing-out system) required for the blowing-out
process for the pipe system must be connected via the quick lock coupling fitting to the threeway tap on the pipe system.
A check valve for relieving pressure from the pipe system must be fitted to the end of each
pipe branch. The check valve prevents damage to the air sampling openings and prevents dirt
deposits from being blown through the pipe system. To prevent aspiration reducing film
sheets in deep-freeze areas from tearing, it is advisable to use special deep-freeze aspiration
reductions.
The manual blowing-out process on the pipe system is carried out as follows (see Figure 7.4):
1.
Position the tap lever so that the blast air and pipe system are connected (B-C
connection).
The connection to the FAS-420-TM must be blocked for blowing-out!
Manually blow out the pipe system for approximately 10 seconds.
2.
Set the lever of the tap such that the device is not connected with the pipe system or
with the connection for the blast or compressed air supply. Wait approximately 20
seconds so that dust and dirt raised in the pipe system can settle and thus will not be
sucked through the aspirating smoke detector.
3.
Reconnect the blown-out pipe system to the FAS-420-TM within a further 10 seconds by
switching over the tap accordingly (A-C connection).
7.8
Checking the Airflow Sensor Calibration
Check the airflow sensor value with the diagnostic software.
Functional principle
During initialization of the connected pipe system, the device saves the measured actual value
of the airflow as a target value via the integrated airflow monitoring. This nominal value then
serves as a reference value for the additional evaluation of a possible airflow malfunction.
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Operation Guide
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FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Maintenance | en
91
Depending on the airflow threshold selected (see "Adapting the airflow sensitivity" in
Section 3.3 Airflow Monitoring, page 36), the current airflow value during operation can
fluctuate around this target value without triggering an airflow malfunction. Only if the
selected airflow threshold is exceeded will the airflow malfunction be reported by the device
and thus transmitted.
Checking the actual value
The tolerance range of the selected airflow threshold and the actual and target values are
represented in the diagnostic software. The limits correspond to the airflow range set.
Check the deviation of the actual value from the target value. If there is a deviation of > ±3/4
of the set threshold, you should check the pipe system carefully (see below:
Section Troubleshooting airflow malfunction).
NOTICE!
The current airflow value may deviate from the target value not only due to a malfunction of
the pipe system (break or obstruction), but also due to fluctuations in the air pressure in the
environment.
Dependent on air pressure
To ensure long-term fault-free operation of the device, the airflow sensor must be calibrated
depending on the air pressure (see Section 6.3.2 Air-Pressure-Dependent Calibration, page 77).
Only with this type of calibration do low air pressure fluctuations remain within the
monitoring window and thus in the permissible tolerance range.
CAUTION!
If the airflow change is set at less than 30%, an air-pressure-dependent calibration must be
carried out.
Independent of air pressure
If the sensor calibration is carried out independently of air pressure, fluctuations in the air
pressure can cause undesired airflow malfunctions. If the change in airflow is greater than
30%, the calibration of the airflow sensor can be carried out independently of the air
pressure; it must then be ensured that no fluctuations in air pressure can occur in the
immediate environment.
CAUTION!
If air pressure fluctuations are anticipated in the immediate environment, the airflow sensor
has to be calibrated in dependence of air pressure (see also Section 3.3 Airflow Monitoring,
page 36).
Troubleshooting airflow malfunction
If the airflow calibration has been carried out depending on air pressure and the actual value
still does not lie within the tolerance range of the selected airflow threshold (airflow
malfunction displayed on the device), then a further disturbance value in addition to air
pressure or temperature fluctuation exists.
CAUTION!
In case of a defect in the airflow monitoring, only authorized personnel may replace the
detector module!
1.
In this case, check the pipe system for leaks and obstructions (see Section 6.6 Checking
Airflow Monitoring, page 80, "Troubleshooting").
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en | Maintenance
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
2.
If this check reveals no malfunctions, check the airflow monitoring by connecting the test
pipe and conducting the functional test in accordance with Section 6.7.2 Conducting the
Functional Test, page 82.
3.
If, during troubleshooting, the pipe network has been changed, the original configuration
of the pipe network must be restored after the troubleshooting has been completed and
the airflow must be recalibrated.
CAUTION!
It is essential that you adhere to the calibration type (air-pressure-dependent or air-pressureindependent) and, if necessary, the values for air pressure, height above sea level, and set
voltage in the test log.
4.
Observe the current airflow value during ongoing maintenance or check it at the latest
during the next inspection.
5.
If the target value is similar to the previous one, disruptive environmental influences are
the cause of the deviation. If these negative influences on the airflow monitoring cannot
be suppressed, increase the airflow range.
NOTICE!
The diagnostic software can be used to save in file format all the stored and current data for
the device, as well as any settings made.
7.9
Testing the Fire Source Identification
Fire source identification is tested using the FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software via the
"ROOM·IDENT" screen.
1.
In the "ROOM·IDENT" screen, click the [Testing] button.
2.
First select the preselection time and then click on the [Start] button to determine the
source of the fire.
3.
The FAS-420-TM-R/-RVB switches to the aspiration pipe blowing out. The appropriate
smoke aspiration point must be charged with smoke until the selected preselection time
has expired. Once the preselection time has expired, the smoke must be available at the
aspiration point for another 10 to 15 seconds.
4.
Once the preselection time has expired, the FAS-420-TM-R/-RVB switches to aspiration
and the aspiration point is determined by the measurement of the time until smoke is
detected. Check that it is the correct aspiration point.
7.10
Airflow monitoring
A pipe breakage or pipe obstruction is indicated in the "Fault messages" screen of the
diagnostic software.
Check airflow monitoring in accordance with Section 6.6 Checking Airflow Monitoring, page 80.
7.11
Malfunction Transmission
A malfunction is indicated on the FAS-420-TM and on the fire panel, where applicable.
Proceed in accordance with Section 6.5 Checking Malfunction Transmission, page 80.
7.12
Maintenance Intervals
Maintenance comprises regular inspections and maintenance routines. The smoke aspiration
systems should be checked when commissioned and then quarterly. At each fourth check,
more comprehensive checks should be made, as described below:
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Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Maintenance | en
–
Quarterly test/inspection
–
Annual test/maintenance + 4th annual inspection
93
Inspection
Measure
Visual check
Detector Module and Alarm Transfer
Further information can be found in...
Section 7.1 Visual check, page 86
Section 7.2 Detector Module and Alarm Transfer,
Check the pipe system
Checking the Airflow Sensor Calibration
page 86
Section 7.3 Pipe System, page 86
Section 7.8 Checking the Airflow Sensor
Checking Malfunction Transmission
Empty water separator (if necessary)
Calibration, page 90
Section 7.11 Malfunction Transmission, page 92
Section 5.8 Water separator, page 73
Maintenance and 4th annual inspection
Measure
Visual check
Detector Module and Alarm Transfer
Further information can be found in...
Section 7.1 Visual check, page 86
Section 7.2 Detector Module and Alarm Transfer,
Check of the pipe system
Checking the Airflow Sensor Calibration
page 86
Section 7.3 Pipe System, page 86
Section 7.8 Checking the Airflow Sensor
Checking Malfunction Transmission
Empty water separator (if necessary)
Calibration, page 90
Section 7.11 Malfunction Transmission, page 92
Section 5.8 Water separator, page 73
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Operation Guide
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8
en | Appendix
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Appendix
All the permitted detector addresses are indicated in Section 8.1 DIP Switch Settings for
Detector Addresses. See also Section 4.2 Setting the Detector Address, page 58. The form in
Section 8.4 Test Log for Aspirating Smoke Detectors in the FAS-420-TM Series is required for
commissioning (see Section 6 Commissioning, page 76 et seqq).
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
8.1
Appendix | en
95
DIP Switch Settings for Detector Addresses
A
DIP
A
DIP
A
DIP
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
42
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
85
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
255=CL 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
43
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
86
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
44
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
87
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
45
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
88
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
46
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
89
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
4
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
47
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
90
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
5
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
48
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
91
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
6
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
49
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
92
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
7
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
50
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
93
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
8
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
51
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
94
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
9
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
52
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
95
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
10
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
53
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
96
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
11
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
54
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
97
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
12
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
55
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
98
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
13
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
56
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
99
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
14
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
57
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
100
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
15
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
58
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
101
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
16
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
59
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
102
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
17
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
60
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
103
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
18
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
61
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
104
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
19
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
62
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
105
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
20
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
63
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
106
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
21
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
64
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
107
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
22
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
65
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
108
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
23
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
66
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
109
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
24
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
67
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
110
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
25
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
68
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
111
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
26
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
69
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
112
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
27
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
70
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
113
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
28
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
71
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
114
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
29
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
72
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
115
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
30
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
73
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
116
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
31
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
74
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
117
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
32
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
75
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
118
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
33
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
76
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
119
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
34
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
77
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
120
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
35
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
78
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
121
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
36
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
79
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
122
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
37
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
80
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
123
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
38
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
81
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
124
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
39
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
82
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
125
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
40
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
83
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
126
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
41
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
84
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
127
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Operation Guide
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
96
en | Appendix
A
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
DIP
A
DIP
A
DIP
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
128
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
171
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
214
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
129
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
172
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
215
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
130
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
173
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
216
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
131
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
174
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
217
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
132
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
175
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
218
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
133
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
176
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
219
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
134
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
177
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
220
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
135
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
178
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
221
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
136
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
179
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
222
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
137
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
180
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
223
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
138
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
181
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
224
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
139
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
182
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
225
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
140
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
183
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
226
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
141
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
184
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
227
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
142
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
185
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
228
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
143
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
186
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
229
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
144
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
187
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
230
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
145
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
188
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
231
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
146
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
189
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
232
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
147
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
190
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
233
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
148
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
191
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
234
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
149
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
192
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
235
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
150
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
193
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
236
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
151
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
194
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
237
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
152
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
195
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
238
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
153
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
196
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
239
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
154
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
197
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
240
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
155
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
198
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
241
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
156
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
199
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
242
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
0
157
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
200
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
243
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
158
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
201
1
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
244
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
159
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
202
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
245
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
160
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
203
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
246
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
161
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
204
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
247
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
162
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
205
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
248
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
163
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
206
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
249
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
1
164
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
207
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
250
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
165
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
208
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
251
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
166
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
209
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
252
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
167
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
210
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
253
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
168
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
211
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
254
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
169
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
212
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
170
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
213
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
8.2
Appendix | en
97
Planning without air filter
Sensitivity
(% LT/m)
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
8.2.1
Pipe shape
I
U
M
Double U
8.2.2
Pipe shape
I
U
M
Double U
1
2
3
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
Number of openings
4
5
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
6
7
8
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
7
8
50
50
50
50
50
50
6
7
8
50
50
50
50
50
Without any other pipe accessories
UFan[V]
≥9
≥9
≥9
≥9
1
40
50
50
50
2
40
50
50
50
3
40
50
50
50
Number of openings
4
5
6
40
40
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
With water separator
UFan[V]
≥9
≥9
≥9
≥9
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
1
40
50
50
50
2
40
50
50
50
3
40
50
50
50
Number of openings
4
5
50
50
50
Operation Guide
50
50
50
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
98
en | Appendix
8.3
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Planning with Air Filter
Sensitivity
(% LT/m)
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
8.3.1
1
2
3
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
B
B
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
Number of openings
4
5
B
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
6
7
8
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
Without Any Other Pipe Accessories
Pipe shape
UFan[V]
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
I
U
M
Double U
≥9
≥9
≥9
≥9
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
8.3.2
With water separator
Pipe shape
UFan[V]
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
I
U
M
Double U
≥9
≥9
≥9
≥9
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
40
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
8.4
Appendix | en
99
Test Log for Aspirating Smoke Detectors in the FAS-420-TM
Series
Device number
Serial number of detector module
Serial number of housing base
---
Measurement value/set value
Commissioning
Visual check
Negative pressure
Sensitivity
Alarm delay
Air flow range
Fault delay
Malfunction saving
+/[Pa]
[%/m]
[s]
[10-50%]
[min]
[yes/no]
Dynamic air flow
[yes/no]
Localization
[yes/no]
LOGIC·SENS
[yes/no]
Air-Pressure-Dependent Calibration
[yes/no]
Air-pressure-independent calibration
Height
[yes/no]
[m above sea
level]
Air pressure
[hPa]
Fan voltage
[9-13.5 V]
Airflow
Temperature
[m/sec]
[°C]
Obstruction malfunction
LED flashes
+/-
Relay fails after delay
+/-
Signal transmission to fire panel
+/-
Cause eliminated, LED off
+/-
Relay activates after drop below threshold
+/-
Cause eliminated, LED saved
+/-
Relay remains off for min. 100 secs
+/-
Breakage malfunction
LED flashes
+/-
Relay fails after delay
+/-
Signal transmission to fire panel
+/-
Cause eliminated, LED off
+/-
Relay activates after drop below threshold
+/-
Cause eliminated, LED saved
+/-
Relay remains off for min. 100 secs
+/-
Main alarm
LED flashes
+/-
Relay activates after delay
+/-
Signal transmission to fire panel
+/-
LED saved
+/-
Relay saved
+/-
Localization
Blow-out time
Blow out fan
[10-255 secs]
[9-13.5 V]
Intake fan
[9-13.5 V]
LED localization permanently at air sampling
[yes/no] /
opening A
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
[sec]
Operation Guide
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
100 en | Appendix
LED localization permanently at air sampling
opening B
LED localization permanently at air sampling
opening C
LED localization permanently at air sampling
opening D
LED localization permanently at air sampling
opening E
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
[yes/no] /
[sec]
[yes/no] /
[sec]
[yes/no] /
[sec]
[yes/no] /
[sec]
Response indicators
Air sampling opening A
[yes/no]
Air sampling opening B
[yes/no]
Air sampling opening C
[yes/no]
Air sampling opening D
[yes/no]
Air sampling opening E
[yes/no]
Legend: + OK / - not OK
Place: ..................................................................
Issuer: ..................................................................
Date: ............................................................
Signature: ...............................................................
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
Index | en 101
Index
Symbols
H
"Improved version" LSN mode 58
High-speed units 52
Hochgeschwindigkeitsanlagen 52
A
I
Air conditioning units 11
Air filter 13, 22, 31, 72, 73, 88, 89
Air sampling opening 9, 12, 23, 29, 34, 68
Air-conditioning duct 11, 52, 53
Air-conditioning unit 52, 71
Airflow initialization 77, 83
Airflow malfunction 80, 81, 89, 91
Airflow Monitoring 15
Airflow monitoring 8, 36
Airflow sensitivity 36
Airflow sensor 12, 15, 16, 36
Airflow sensors 8
Alarm 13, 30
Alarm current 56
Alarm delay 64, 81
Alarm transfer 79, 86
Ansaugbohrung 68
Ansaugreduzierungsfolie 68
Area monitoring 10, 23, 25
Aspiration boring 10, 69
Aspiration reducing clips 24
Aspiration reducing film sheet 9, 23, 29
Asymmetrical structure 34
I pipe system activation thresholds 45
Installation material 72
I-pipe system 35
I-pipe System - Simplified Planning 49
I-pipe system for space protection 42, 44
L
Local SecurityNetwork (LSN) improved version 8
Low-speed units 52
LSN configuration 63
LSN connection 17
M
Marking tape 9, 23, 29, 68
Monitoring window 16, 91
M-pipe system 35, 43, 46
O
Obstruction 8, 15, 24, 80, 86, 91, 92
P
Pipe breakage 8, 80, 92
Pipe elbow 28, 35, 66
Pipe system components 22, 28
Planning limits 38
Plastic clip 24, 29
Pore width 27
Pre-alarm 8, 13, 21
Pressluft 73
Pressure area 25, 36, 53
Programming software 63, 81
Protection category 31
B
Bends 35, 66
Blast air 73, 86
Blowing out 23, 24
Bore distances 72
Branch length 34
C
R
Calibrating the airflow sensor 16, 77, 90
Charging current 55
Concealed installation 25
Current calculation 55
Reset 16, 22
Response sensitivity 8, 13, 31, 37
S
Sintered metal filter 27, 28
Sound power level 31
Special planning 9, 33
Standby current 55
Symmetrical structure 34
D
Delay 13, 15, 16
Detector address 58
Double U-pipe 35
Double U-pipe system - simplified planning 51
Double U-pipe system activation thresholds 47, 48
Double-U-pipe system for space protection 43, 48
Duct cross-section 52, 54
T
E
End cap 22, 54, 67
Equipment monitoring 11, 12, 23, 34
F
FAS-ASD-DIAG Diagnostic Software 9, 17, 21, 28, 64,
65, 76, 77, 81, 84, 92
Fault indication 80, 84
Filter change 89
Fittings 12, 23, 28, 66
Flow resistance 35, 66
Flow speed 52
Freiblasen 90
Functional test 81
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Technical specifications 30
Temperature range 31
T-fitting 22, 70
Three-Way Tap 32
Three-way tap 23, 28, 73, 90
Transport speed 35
Troubleshooting 80
T-Stück 73
U
U-pipe system 34
U-pipe system - simplified planning 50
U-pipe system activation thresholds 46
U-pipe system for space protection 42, 45
V
Verstopfung 80
Operation Guide
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
102 en | Index
FAS-420-TM Aspirating Smoke Detector
W
Water Separator 31
Water separator 13, 22, 26, 28
F.01U.088.878 | 4.1 | 2010.11
Operation Guide
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH
Robert-Koch-Straße 100
D-85521 Ottobrunn
Germany
Telefon
089 6290-0
Fax
089 6290-1020
www.boschsecurity.com
© Bosch Sicherheitssysteme GmbH, 2009