VRM12
Two-Way, Full-Range Stage Monitor/PA
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
1. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
The exclamation point within an
Read these instructions.
equilateral triangle is intended to
alert the user of the presence of
Keep these instructions.
important operating and maintenance
Heed all warnings.
(servicing) instructions in the literature
accompanying the apparatus.
Follow all instructions.
Do not use this apparatus near water.
Clean only with a dry cloth.
Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus
(including amplifiers) that produce heat.
Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus
has been damaged in any way, such as liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the
apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has
been dropped.
The entire sound system must be designed in compliance with the current standards and laws
regarding electrical systems.
When installing and using this apparatus, keep in mind the technical specifications indicated in the
dedicated section of the manual.
Exposure to high sound levels can cause permanent hearing loss. The sound pressure level which
leads to hearing loss varies considerably from one person to another, and depends on the duration
of exposure. The U.S. Government’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has
established the maximum sound pressure levels that can be with stood without causing damage,
which are shown in the table below. According to the OSHA regulations, any exposure over the
maximum limits indicated in the table can reduce the hearing capacity of a person. To prevent
potentially dangerous exposure to high sound pressure levels, anyone subjected to such levels
must use suitable protection. When a EAW Commercial product capable of producing high sound
levels is being used, it is therefore necessary to wear ear plugs or protective earphones when
the limits shown in the table are exceeded. Consult the specifications provided in the instruction
manual to know the maximum sound pressure (SPL) the loudspeaker is capable of producing.
WARNING! This
equipment has been
designed to be installed
by qualified professionals
only! There are many factors
to be considered when
installing professional sound
reinforcement systems,
including mechanical and
electrical considerations, as
well as acoustic coverage and
performance. EAW Commercial
strongly recommends that this
equipment be installed only by
a professional sound installer or
contractor.
2 – VRM12
Duration per
day (hours)
Sound level
(dBA)
Typical example
Duo in a small club
8
90
6
92
4
95
3
97
2
100
1.5
102
1
105
0.5
110
0.25 or less
115
Subway train
Very loud classical music
Locomotive at 50 feet
Loudest parts at a rock concert
Part No. 0012178 Rev.A 10/04
© 2004 LOUD Technologies Inc. All Rights Reserved.
14. Rigging Precautions: When mounting or suspending EAW Commercial loudspeaker
enclosures, it is essential that load ratings, rigging techniques, and special safety
considerations be appropriate for the installation. Use only the mounting/rigging points
on the loudspeaker enclosure intended for this purpose. The user must determine the load
requirements, dynamic loading, and any other contributing factors affecting the loudspeaker
installation. The user must determine the proper design factor for specific applications and
the required load rating of the connection to structure. Comply with all applicable federal,
state, and local regulations.
EAW Commercial strongly recommends the following rigging system practices:
• Documentation: Thoroughly document the mounting/rigging design with detailed
drawings and parts lists.
• Analysis: Have a licensed structural engineer or other qualified professional review and
approve the mounting/rigging design before its implementation.
• Installation: Use personnel experienced and qualified for mounting/rigging loudspeakers
in accordance with and in compliance with all federal, state and local regulations.
DANGER: Loudspeakers should be mounted or suspended only by persons with knowledge
of the proper hardware and rigging techniques. When stacking or pole-mounting
loudspeakers, be sure that they are stabilized and secured from falling over or being
accidentally pushed over. Failure to follow these precautions may result in damage to the
equipment, personal injury, or death.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS........................................................ 2
2. INTRODUCTION....................................................................... 4
3. INSTALLATION ........................................................................ 5
4. CONNECTIONS........................................................................ 6
5. OPERATION.............................................................................. 9
6. SPECIFICATIONS..................................................................... 10
Dimensions.............................................................................. 10
Performance Graphs .............................................................. 11
7. TROUBLESHOOTING .............................................................. 12
8. SERVICE and MAINTENANCE............................................... 13
9. WARRANTY ............................................................................. 15
VRM12 – 3
2. INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on the purchase of your new EAW Commercial loudspeaker. You now
own one of the finest professional audio products available – the result of exceptional
engineering and meticulous craftsmanship. Please read these instructions to get the
maximum performance from your new loudspeaker.
Each EAW Commercial loudspeaker is intended for professional use. The construction,
components, and hardware have been designed to provide robust, reliable performance for
its intended application. Please ensure that you fully understand its proper installation and
operation before use.
This manual describes the VRM12 passive two-way stage monitor/PA. The VRM12 is
engineered for superior performance as a floor monitor, and as a stand-mounted portable
PA speaker. The low-profile, dual-angle enclosure houses a 12-inch coaxial driver that cuts
through stage volume with high output capability. Coherent point-source reproduction helps
deliver crisp speech for meetings and presentations, while the 12-inch LF driver delivers fullrange musical sound.
The cross-ply laminated birch enclosure includes loop-thru Neutrik NL4 Speakon jacks on
either side to minimize cable runs and clutter on stage. Rubber feet stabilize the enclosure
on the floor. A pole-mount cup and integral handle are included for stand-mounting and
transport.
The VRM12 is available in either black or white finish. A foam-backed powder-coated
steel grill protects the driver.
Features:
• Full-range, 2-way loudspeaker
• Coaxial 12-inch woofer with
1-inch exit compression driver
• Protection circuit for
compression driver
• Passive crossover for
economical, single-amplifier
operation
• Enclosure has 30 degree and
45 degree wedge angles
• Pole-mount cup allows pole
mounting and use as a portable
PA
• Spring-loaded handle for ease of
handling
• Two Speakon jacks with input
and through connections
• Five-year warranty
4 – VRM12
Applications include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
TV studios
Theaters
Portable PA
Classrooms
Houses of Worship
Audio-visual Presentations
Performing Arts
3. INSTALLATION
Unpacking and Inspection
Visually inspect the outside of the shipping carton and check for any shipping damage.
After unpacking, if you find concealed damage to the loudspeaker, save the packing materials
for the carrier’s inspection, notify the carrier immediately, and file a shipping damage claim.
Although EAW Commercial will help in any way possible, it is always the responsibility of
the receiving party to file any shipping damage claim. The carrier will help prepare and file
this claim.
Mounting Precautions
The loudspeaker is fitted with rubber feet for isolated positioning on stage. It can be
mounted so the front grille face is tilted at 45 degrees, or at 30 degrees.
The loudspeaker also has a pole-mount insert (1.5-inch diameter), allowing it to be polemounted for PA applications.
WARNING: Installation should only be done by an experienced technician.
Improper installation may result in damage to the equipment, injury or death. Make
sure that the loudspeaker is installed in a stable and secure way in order to avoid any
conditions that may be dangerous for persons or structures:
• Check to make sure that the support surface (e.g., floor, etc.) has the necessary
mechanical characteristics to support the weight of the loudspeaker and pole-mount
without the danger of it falling.
• When pole-mounting loudspeakers, be sure that they are stabilized and secured from
falling over or being accidentally pushed over. Failure to follow these precautions
may result in damage to the equipment, personal injury, or death.
• Never use the handle for supporting or flying the loudspeaker.
• Avoid installing the loudspeaker in places exposed to harsh weather conditions.
VRM12 – 5
4. CONNECTIONS
WARNING: To prevent the risk of electric shock, do not connect the loudspeaker
with the amplifier switched on.
The loudspeaker has two identical Speakon connectors, which are wired as follows:
Inputs:
• Pin 1+ is the positive (+) input,
and connects to the positive (+)
output of your power amplifier.
VRM12 enclosure
+
Pin
+
+
xover
Pin
1+
12+
2-
• Pin 1– is the negative (–) input,
and connects to the negative
(–) output of your power
amplifier.
1+
12+
2-
Speakon
Speakon
• Pin 1+ and 1– of one Speakon are connected internally to the VRM12 crossover’s
input. They are also connected internally to Pin 1+ and 1– of the other Speakon,
which can be used to send speaker-level power to another VRM12.
Through Outputs:
• Pin 2+ is the positive (+) through output.
• Pin 2– is the negative (–) through output.
• Pin 2+ and 2– are not connected internally to the VRM12 crossover’s input. They are
only connected internally to Pin 2+ and 2– of the other Speakon.
Connection Examples:
• Using the second Speakon (Pin 1+,1-) to connect a second VRM12 in parallel.
VRM12 enclosure
2-conductor cable
+
Amp A+
Pin
1+
12+
2-
Speakon
xover
VRM12 enclosure
+
+
+
Pin
Pin
Speakon
Speakon
1+
12+
2-
1+
12+
2-
xover
+
+
Pin
1+
12+
2-
Speakon
Make sure that the total average impedance of your loudspeakers does not drop
below the recommended minimum load impedance of your power amplifier.
For example, when two VRM12s are wired as shown above, the total average
impedance is 4 ohm. For three VRM12s, the total average is 2.67 ohm. Make sure
your amplifier can handle this load impedance, or it may become overloaded.
6 – VRM12
• Using the Pin 2+,2- Speakon connections to connect the second power amplifier
channel to a subwoofer.
VRM12 enclosure
4-conductor cable
Amp A+
B+
+
Pin
xover
+
+
Pin
1+
12+
2-
1+
12+
2-
Speakon
+
Speakon
Sub
• Using the Pin 2+,2- Speakon connections to connect the second power amplifier
channel to a second VRM12. You will need a cross-wired cable which has Pins 2 at
one end connected to Pins 1 at the other.
VRM12 enclosure
4-conductor cable
Amp A+
B+
+
Pin
xover
VRM12 enclosure
cross-wired cable
+
+
Pin
Speakon
Speakon
1+
12+
2-
1+
12+
2-
Speakon
+
Pin
xover
+
+
Pin
1+
12+
2-
1+
12+
2-
Lead Guitar
(for example)
Speakon
Bass Guitar
(for example)
Loudspeaker Cables
• Use loudspeaker cables with a minimum conductor size for the length you need,
as listed in these tables. This will minimize
Minimum AWG 4 ohm 8 ohm
power losses to less than 0.5 dB. The
cable lengths listed are “up to” lengths.
18
10 ft
25 ft
For in-between lengths, use the next larger
16
25
50
conductor gauge. Using larger than the
14
25
75
recommended conductor size is always
permissible. Using smaller than recommended
12
50
125
conductor size will result in higher power
10
100
200
losses.
• The recommended conductor gauges are
listed for AWG (American Wire Gauge) and
Metric WG (Metric Wire Gauge). Note that
smaller AWG numbers = larger conductors
and smaller Metric WG numbers = smaller
conductors. The Metric WG is equal to ten
times the nominal conductor diameter in
millimeters.
Min Metric WG 4 ohm
8 ohm
12
3m
8m
14
8
15
16
8
25
20
15
40
25
30
60
• For cable lengths over 200 feet / 60 m at 8 ohms, and over 100 feet / 30 m at 4 ohms,
the conductor sizes needed for less than 0.5 dB power losses are rarely practical
for physical and cost reasons. As a practical compromise for these situations the
recommended conductor gauge is 10 AWG or 25 metric.
VRM12 – 7
Precautions
• To prevent inductive phenomena causing humming or distortion, the speaker cables
should not be run together with electrical energy conductors, microphone cables, or
line-level audio lines.
• Use speaker cables that have markings to distinguish the polarity, such as insulation
or conductors of different colors.
• Before using the loudspeaker, carefully check that all the connections have been
made correctly to make sure there are no accidental short circuits that could cause
electrical sparks.
• Verify that the polarity of the connections to all of your loudspeakers is correct. When
more than one loudspeaker reproduces the same frequencies, but with opposite
polarity, there will be sound cancellations. Therefore, if any of the loudspeakers
are wired so that the +/- connection polarity is reversed with respect to the others,
incorrect reproduction will result. Most notably, the bass response will suffer. This
is especially true when loudspeakers are situated in adjacent positions where the
sound waves readily interact with each other.
8 – VRM12
5. OPERATION
Signal Processing
Sometimes external signal processing is desirable to “voice” the loudspeaker to
accommodate particular program material, less than optimum acoustics, feedback control, or
personal taste. For these purposes, use a suitable electronic signal processor. This can be as
simple as a 1/3 octave graphic equalizer or a fully capable DSP (digital signal processor) such
as the EAW Commercial DX810, or the EAW MX8750.
Choosing a Power Amplifier
There is no exact answer to the question of what amplifier size you should use for a
loudspeaker. The loudspeaker power rating in EAW Commercial’s specifications only means
it has passed a standard power test. This provides a rating that can be used as a point of
comparison with other loudspeakers. This rating does not necessarily correspond to the best
amplifier size to use nor is it a measure of a “safe” amplifier size to use. Rather, the amplifier
should be sized according to both the sound levels required and the type of audio signals
that will be reproduced. If you are unsure of how to determine this, consult with a qualified
professional or contact EAW Commercial Technical Support.
Preventing damage to the loudspeaker is a function of operating your audio system so
that the loudspeaker is not stressed beyond its design limits.
Operating Tips
• Do NOT drive any of your electronic equipment into clipping, particularly the power
amplifiers. This can easily damage the loudspeaker.
• If driven into clipping, even an amplifier with a power output rating lower than the
loudspeaker’s power rating can cause damage to a loudspeaker.
• Avoid sustained microphone feedback. This can quickly cause failure of highfrequency drivers.
• Avoid extreme boosts on equalizers as these can cause excessive input to the drivers
at the boosted frequencies. Generally, cutting frequencies is preferred to adjust the
frequency response.
• With appropriate signal processing, your loudspeaker should produce exceptionally
good sound. If it is used in a room with problematic acoustics, there is little you can
do to overcome the room problems with electronic adjustments. Your best solution
is careful placement and aiming of the loudspeaker so most of the sound is directed
only at the audience.
• Most EAW Commercial loudspeakers are capable of sound levels that can be
damaging to human hearing. Take precautions so that audiences are not exposed
to such levels. If you must expose yourself to these kinds of volume levels, wear
adequate hearing protection.
• Take care when moving or lifting the loudspeaker. Injury to you or damage to the
loudspeaker can result from careless handling.
VRM12 – 9
6. SPECIFICATIONS
Model
Woofer
Woofer Loading
Tweeter
Tweeter Loading
VRM12
12” x 1
Sealed
1” exit, Compression
Horn
Operating Range (–10 dB)
73 Hz – 20 kHz
Horizontal Beamwidth - Nominal
90 degrees
Vertical Beamwidth - Nominal
90 degrees
Axial Sensitivity (whole space SPL)
94 dB, 73 Hz – 20 kHz
Peak Sensitivity (whole space SPL)
97 dB, 20 Hz – 20 kHz
Input Impedance - Nominal
8 ohm
Input Impedance - Minimum
6.6 ohm @ 200 Hz
Recommended High Pass Filter
≥ 60 Hz, 24 dB/octave
Butterworth
Power Handling
300 W, 49 V @ 8 ohms
Maximum SPL, Average
119 dB
Maximum SPL, Peak
125 dB
Height (front face)
Width (front face)
Depth (from face, backwards)
Dimension Tolerance
Weight
Pole Mount Diameter
15.00”/381 mm
15.00”/381 mm
12.50”/317.5 mm
± 0.1”/2.5 mm
36 lb/16.3 kg
1.5”/38.1 mm
VRM12 Dimensions
15.00"
(381.0)
5.94"
(150.9)
3.94"
(100.1)
12.50"
(317.5)
15.00"
(381.0)
7.50"
(190.5)
LEFT SIDE
0.44"
(11.2 mm)
FRONT
7.63"
(193.7)
RIGHT SIDE
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES, DIMENSIONS IN BRACKETS ARE MILLIMETERS
2. DIMENSION TOLERANCE ± 0.1" (2.5 MM)
10 – VRM12
De
10
PERFORMANCE GRAPHS
Horizontal
Vertical
1
100
1000
10k
20k
(Hz)
VRM12 ImpedanceFrequency
vs Frequency
Ohms
100
120
10
110
1
10
100
1000
10k 20k
Frequency (Hz)
dB SPL
100
90
80
70
60
10
VRM12 Axial Response vs Frequency
100
1000
10k 20k
Frequency
(Hz)
VRM12 Beamwidth
vs Frequency
120
360
110
Degrees
SPL dB
100
90
80
100
10
Horizontal
Vertical
70
60
1
10
100
1000
10k
100
20k
1000
10k
20k
Frequency (Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
Disclaimer
Ohms
100
10
EAW Commercial continually engages in research related to product improvement, new
materials, and production methods. Design refinements
are introduced into existing products
1
10 For this100
1000current EAW
10k 20k
without notice as a routine expression of that philosophy.
reason, any
Frequency (Hz)
Commercial product may differ in some respect from its published description, but will
always equal or exceed the original design specifications unless otherwise stated.
“EAW Commercial” is a trademark of LOUD Technologies Inc.
All other brand names mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective holders, and are hereby acknowledged.
VRM12 – 11
7. TROUBLESHOOTING
Loudspeaker difficulties usually fall into one of the following categories. The causes for
each are listed in the most likely order of probability.
No Sound or Low Output
• Loudspeaker cables or connectors are not wired correctly or are faulty. Check
all cabling, referring to these instructions for the correct connections. The best
way to check a suspect cable is to swap it with a known good cable. Check the
loudspeaker’s input panel to verify correct cable connections.
• Electronic equipment is not turned on, or the level controls are not adjusted properly.
Make sure that all equipment in the signal path is powered up, and that all controls
are set to appropriate levels for normal operation.
• Loudspeaker is not working. Connect the loudspeaker cable to a known good
loudspeaker, leaving all equipment set to the same levels. If the problem disappears,
the loudspeaker is probably not working. Contact EAW Commercial Technical Support
for appropriate troubleshooting.
Distorted Sound
• The power amplifier is clipping. The signal level is exceeding the limits of your
system and you must reduce the level.
• Other electronic equipment is being overdriven. Ensure that no equipment in the
signal chain is being over driven. For example: input(s) or summing bus in the mixing
console, equalizers, etc.
• Driver(s) not working properly. Contact EAW Commercial Technical Support for
appropriate troubleshooting.
Partial Sound (frequency band missing)
• Incorrect EQ settings in the electronic equipment. Ensure that all EQ settings and
filters on the mixing console, preamplifier, or other equipment are set for normal
operation. Ensure that level controls on electronic crossovers and associated
amplifiers are correctly set, and that all cables and connections for such equipment
are connected and working properly.
• Driver not working properly. Contact EAW Commercial Technical Support for
appropriate troubleshooting.
• The crossover network inside the loudspeaker is not working properly. Contact EAW
Commercial Technical Support for appropriate troubleshooting.
12 – VRM12
8. SERVICE and MAINTENANCE
Maintenance
Usually, your EAW Commercial loudspeaker will not require regular maintenance for
normal use. However, you can do several things to keep your loudspeaker in good operating
and cosmetic condition.
• Testing: Periodically test your loudspeaker for proper performance. A simple test is
to play a CD through it using well-defined, articulate, wide-range program material.
Listen to ensure all drivers are working properly and for any evidence of distortion or
other extraneous sounds. Test at several volume levels: very low, normal, and high.
• Mounting/Rigging: Any mounting or rigging hardware should be regularly inspected
for security, wear, deformation, corrosion, and any other circumstances that may
affect the load-handling capability. Immediately remove from service and replace any
hardware whose load-handling capability may be compromised.
• Cleaning: Cleaning the exterior of the enclosure will depend on the type of “dirt.”
Dust, food spills, or similar contaminants can usually be removed with a cloth
dampened with water, or a mild household cleaner. Avoid using any strong solvents
as this may damage the finish. Turn the amplifiers off before cleaning.
• Scratches or Dents in Wood Enclosures: Minor scratches on the enclosure can be
painted over with an outdoor latex paint, or simply a colored in with a “Sharpie” or
artist’s marking pen. More serious gouges or dents should be sanded out, filled with
wood putty, and repainted. Touch-up paint in pints and quarts is available through
EAW Commercial Technical Support.
VRM12 – 13
Service
If your loudspeaker should require servicing, please follow these instructions:
1. Call EAW Commercial Tech Support at 1-888-337-7404, 7 am to 5 pm PST
(Monday-Friday), to verify the problem and obtain a Service Request Number. Be sure
to have the serial number of the unit when you call. You must have a Service Request
Number in order to obtain warranty service at the factory or at an authorized service
center. You can also email EAW Commercial Tech Support at:
support@eawcommercial.com
2. Pack the unit in its original packaging. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT. LOUD Technologies
is not responsible for any damage that occurs during shipping due to nonconventional packaging. Original packaging helps to minimize the possibility of
shipping damage.
3. Include a legible note stating your name, (no P.O. boxes), daytime phone number,
Service Request Number, and a detailed description of the problem, including how
we can duplicate it.
4. Write the Service Request Number in BIG BOLD PRINT on top of the box.
5. Tech Support will tell you where to ship the unit when you call for a Service Request
Number. We suggest insurance for all forms of cartage.
EAW Commercial Technical Support
Phone (USA/Canada)
888-337-7404
Phone
425-892-6503
Fax
425-485-1152
Address
One Main Street
Whitinsville, MA 01588
Web site
www.eawcommercial.com
e-mail
support@eawcommercial.com
14 – VRM12
9. WARRANTY
Warranty: LOUD Technologies Inc. requires its authorized EAW Commercial distributors
abide by the following warranty terms for all EAW Commercial brand products (all dates
are from the date of delivery from an Authorized EAW Commercial Distributor to the end
user/installation site):
Loudspeakers – 5 years; Active Electronics – 5 years; Accessories – 2 years.
What Is Covered: Defects in workmanship and materials and against malfunctions. EAW
Commercial distributors must remedy all such defects and malfunctions without charge
for parts or labor if the warranty applies. Final determination of warranty coverage lies
solely with each authorized EAW Commercial distributor.
What Is Not Covered: This warranty does not extend to damage or malfunctions
resulting from, but not limited to, shipment, improper installation, misuse, neglect,
abuse, normal wear, accident, or to any product on which the serial number has been
modified or removed. Exterior defects in or damage to the exterior appearance are
specifically excluded from this warranty. EAW Commercial distributors shall not be liable
for incidental or consequential damages resulting from the use of EAW Commercial
products. Repairs and/or modifications by other than an Authorized EAW Commercial
Distributor automatically voids this warranty.
VRM12 – 15
EAW Commercial | One Main Street | Whitinsville, MA 01588 USA
TEL toll free within US/Canada 888.337.7404 | TEL outside US 425.892.6503 | FAX 425.485.1152
www.eawcommercial.com
© 2004 LOUD Technologies Inc. All Rights Reserved. EAW Commercial is a registered trademark of LOUD Technologies Inc.