EnGenius EOA7530 Specifications

 802.11a/b/g Outdoor Dual Radio Concurrent AP/Bridge/Repeater EOA7530 User Manual Version : 1.1
Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 PRODUCT OVERVIEW ..................................................................................................................................4
1.1
FEATURES ................................................................................................................................................................. 4
1.2
BENEFITS .................................................................................................................................................................. 5
1.3 PACKAGE CONTENTS ......................................................................................................................................................... 6
1.4 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS .................................................................................................................................................... 6
CHAPTER 2 HARDWARE OVERVIEW...............................................................................................................................7
CHAPTER 3 CONFIGURING YOUR COMPUTER FOR TCP/IP ............................................................................................ 11
3.1 CONFIGURING MICROSOFT WINDOWS 7 ............................................................................................................................ 12
3.2 CONFIGURING MICROSOFT WINDOWS VISTA ....................................................................................................................... 14
3.3 CONFIGURING MICROSOFT WINDOWS XP .......................................................................................................................... 16
3.4 CONFIGURING MICROSOFT WINDOWS 2000 ...................................................................................................................... 17
3.5 CONFIGURING AN APPLE MACINTOSH COMPUTER ................................................................................................................ 19
CHAPTER 4 INTRODUCING THE WEB CONFIGURATOR .................................................................................................. 20
4.1 LOGGING IN TO THE WEB CONFIGURATOR ........................................................................................................................... 20
CHAPTER 5 WIRELESS CONFIGURATION....................................................................................................................... 22
5.1 SELECTING OPERATING MODES ......................................................................................................................................... 22
5.1.1 Selecting Separate Operating Modes for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Networks ......................................................... 22
5.1.2 Selecting Dual Mode for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Networks................................................................................... 23
5.2 WIRELESS SETTINGS ....................................................................................................................................................... 25
5.2.1 Access Point Mode (Dual Mode) ..................................................................................................................... 25
5.2.2 Access Point Mode (5 GHz) ............................................................................................................................. 28
5.2.3 Access Point Mode (2.4 GHz) .......................................................................................................................... 29
5.2.4 Client Bridge Mode/Client Router Mode (Dual Mode).................................................................................... 30
5.2.5 Client Bridge Mode/Client Router Mode (5 GHz) ............................................................................................ 31
5.2.6 Client Bridge Mode/Client Router Mode (2.4 GHz) ......................................................................................... 32
5.2.7 WDS Bridge Mode........................................................................................................................................... 33
5.4 5.3 SITE SURVEY ............................................................................................................................................................ 36
AP SCAN LIST (5 GHZ / 2.4 GHZ) .......................................................................................................................................... 37
5.5 WIRELESS SECURITY SETTINGS .......................................................................................................................................... 38
5.5.1 WEP (Access Point).......................................................................................................................................... 38
5.5.2 WEP (Client Bridge / Client Router)................................................................................................................. 39
5.5.3 WPA pre‐shared Key (Access Point)................................................................................................................. 40
5.5.4 WPA pre‐shared Key (Client Bridge / Client Router)........................................................................................ 41
5.5.5 RADIUS (Access Point Mode Only)................................................................................................................... 42
5.6 WIRELESS ADVANCED SETTINGS ........................................................................................................................................ 44
1 5.6.1 Advanced Settings (Access Point).................................................................................................................... 44
5.6.2 Advanced Settings (Client Bridge / Client Router) ........................................................................................... 45
5.7 WIRELESS ACCESS CONTROL LIST ...................................................................................................................................... 46
CHAPTER 6 LAN SETUP................................................................................................................................................ 48
6.1 LAN SETTINGS .............................................................................................................................................................. 48
6.2 DHCP INFO .................................................................................................................................................................. 49
6.3 SNMP SETTINGS ........................................................................................................................................................... 50
CHAPTER 7 INTERNET SETTINGS .................................................................................................................................. 51
7.1 DHCP (DYNAMIC IP) ..................................................................................................................................................... 51
7.2 STATIC IP...................................................................................................................................................................... 51
7.3 PPPOE (POINT‐TO‐POINT PROTOCOL OVER ETHERNET)......................................................................................................... 52
7.4 PPTP (POINT‐TO‐POINT TUNNELING PROTOCOL)................................................................................................................. 53
CHAPTER 8 INFORMATION STATUS .............................................................................................................................. 55
8.1 STATUS......................................................................................................................................................................... 55
8.2 WIRELESS CLIENT LIST ..................................................................................................................................................... 56
8.3 SYSTEM LOG ................................................................................................................................................................. 56
8.4 INTERNET STATUS ........................................................................................................................................................... 57
CHAPTER 9 MANAGEMENT SETTINGS.......................................................................................................................... 58
9.1 PASSWORD SETTINGS ...................................................................................................................................................... 58
9.2 TIME ZONE SETTINGS...................................................................................................................................................... 58
9.3 DIAGNOSIS ................................................................................................................................................................... 59
9.4 REMOTE CONTROL ......................................................................................................................................................... 60
9.5 UPGRADE FIRMWARE...................................................................................................................................................... 60
9.6 SAVE/RELOAD SETTINGS.................................................................................................................................................. 60
CHAPTER 10 NETWORK CONFIGURATION EXAMPLE .................................................................................................... 62
10.1 ACCESS POINT MODE + CLIENT BRIDGE MODE .................................................................................................................. 62
10.2 CLIENT ROUTER MODE ................................................................................................................................................. 63
10.3 WDS BRIDGE MODE .................................................................................................................................................... 64
CHAPTER 11 – BUILDING A WIRELESS NETWORK ......................................................................................................... 65
A.1 EOA7530 OPERATING MODES ........................................................................................................................................ 65
A.1.1 ACCESS POINT MODE .................................................................................................................................................. 65
A.1.2 CLIENT BRIDGE MODE ................................................................................................................................................. 66
A.1.2 CLIENT ROUTER MODE ................................................................................................................................................ 66
A.2 REAL‐WORLD CONFIGURATIONS ....................................................................................................................................... 67
A.2.1 SAMPLE ACCESS POINT APPLICATION .............................................................................................................................. 67
A.2.2 SAMPLE ACCESS POINT AND CLIENT BRIDGE APPLICATION .................................................................................................. 69
2 APPENDIX A – SPECIFICATIONS.................................................................................................................................... 72
APPENDIX B – TROUBLESHOOTING.............................................................................................................................. 75
B.1 PROBLEM SOLVING ......................................................................................................................................................... 75
B.2 CONTACTING TECHNICAL SUPPORT .................................................................................................................................... 76
APPENDIX C – GLOSSARY............................................................................................................................................. 77
APPENDIX D – FCC INTERFERENCE STATEMENT ............................................................................................................ 82
3 Chapter 1 Product Overview Thank you for choosing the EOA7530. The EOA7530 is a dual‐radio wireless outdoor Access Point/Client/Bridge designed as an enterprise‐scale product to deliver unparalleled range and performance on both 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz wireless local‐area networks (WLANs). With certified IP‐65 protection, the EOA7530 is designed to deliver high reliability whether installed indoors or outdoors. The EOA7530 is actually three devices in one: an Access Point, a Client Bridge, and a Client Router. Its wireless capabilities allow you to deliver Internet and intranet connectivity in locations where wired connections are not possible or practical. The EOA7530 contains two radio‐frequency (RF) interfaces, 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz, that support IEEE 802.11a and 802.11b/g standards. Depending on the operating mode, the EOA7530 can use one or both RF interfaces at the same time. The EOA7530 also supports Power over Ethernet and is equipped with an external N‐type antenna that delivers superior wireless signal quality, even in the harshest environments. Best of all, the antenna is upgradeable. In addition, the EOA7530 can manage power level control, Wireless Access Control, and Wi‐Fi Multimedia (WMM), and show real‐time received signal strength indicator (RSSI) status. For security‐conscious users, the EOA7530 fully supports encryption, including Wi‐Fi Protected Access (WPA‐PSK/WPA2‐PSK), 64/128/152‐bit Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) Encryption, and IEEE 802.1x RADIUS encryption. 1.1 Features The following list summarizes the key features of the EOA7530. ‐ Operates as an Access Point, Client Bridge, or Client Router ‐ Works concurrently with 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz networks for optimum throughput ‐ Fully interoperable with IEEE 802.11a‐ and IEEE 802.11b/IEEE 802.11g‐compliant devices ‐ Supports four independently configurable service set identifiers (SSIDs) ‐ Administrators can set up a VLAN for each SSID to isolate services among clients ‐ Exceptional extended range and coverage ‐ Easy Internet access using ISP service authentication ‐ RSSI indicator shows the signal quality for each wireless client connected to the Access Point ‐ Fully supports the latest security capabilities ‐ Clients can access different networks through a single Access Point, and assign different policies and functions to each SSID 4 ‐
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Collocates with any antenna in your environment Web‐based Configurator lets administrators configure and manage the EOA7530 remotely Watertight, weatherproof enclosure prevents interior damage from water and exterior damage from weather corrosion Comes with a wall‐mount and mast mounting kit support to simplify installation 1.2 Benefits The EOA7530 is the ideal product around which you can build your WLAN. The following list summarizes a few key advantages that WLANs have over wired networks: ‐
Ideal for hard‐to‐wire environments There are many scenarios where cables cannot be used to connect networking devices. Historic and older buildings, open areas, and busy streets, for example, make wired LAN installations difficult, expensive or impossible. ‐ Temporary workgroups WLANs make it easy to provide connectivity to temporary workgroups that will later be removed. Examples include parks, athletic arenas, exhibition centers, disaster‐recovery shelters, temporary offices, and construction sites. ‐ Ability to access real‐time information With a WLAN, workers who rely on access to real‐time information, such as doctors and nurses, point‐of‐sale employees, mobile workers, and warehouse personnel, can access the data they need and increase productivity, without having to look for a place to plug into the network. ‐ Frequently changed environments WLANs are well suited for showrooms, meeting rooms, retail stores, and manufacturing sites where workplaces are rearranged frequently. ‐ Wireless extensions to Ethernet networks WLANs enable network managers in dynamic environments to minimize overhead caused by moves, extensions to networks, and other changes. ‐ Wired LAN backup Network managers can implement WLANs to provide backup for mission‐critical applications running on wired networks. ‐ Mobility within training/educational facilities Training sites at corporations and students at universities are a few examples where wireless connectivity can be used to facilitate access to information, information exchanges, and learning. 5 1.3 Package Contents Open the package carefully and make sure it contains all of the items listed below. ‐ One EnGenius Concurrent Dual Radio Wireless Outdoor Access Point / Client Bridge (EOA7530) ‐ One PoE injector 48V/0.375A Power Adapter ‐ One mounting kit ‐ One grounding cable ‐ One quick‐installation guide ‐ One CD containing the user manual ‐ Two N‐Type Dual Band Omni directional Antenna If any item is missing or damaged, contact your place of purchase immediately. Keep all packing materials in case you need to return the EOA7530. The EOA7530 must be returned in its original packing materials. Note: Use only the power adapter supplied with your EOA7530. Using a different power adapter can damage the EOA7530. 1.4 System Requirements To install the EOA7530, you need an Ethernet cable and a computer equipped with: ‐ An Ethernet interface ‐ One of the following operating systems: Microsoft Windows XP, Vista, or 7; or Linux ‐ An Internet browser that supports HTTP and JavaScript. 6 Chapter 2 Hardware Overview The following figures show the key components on the EOA7530. 2.1 Bottom View The bottom panel of the EOA7530 contains an RJ‐45 port and a Reset button. ‐ The RJ‐45 port connects to an Ethernet adapter in a computer you use to configure the EOA7530. For more information, see Chapter 4. ‐ The Reset button can be used to reboot the EOA7530 and return the device to its default factory configuration, erasing any overrides you may have made to the device’s default settings. The Reset button is recessed to prevent accidental resets. To reboot the EOA7520, use a flat object such as a pencil to press the Reset button for approximately 10 seconds and then stop pressing the Reset button. 7 2.2 Back Panel The back panel of the EOA7530 contains the connectors for attaching 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz antennas and the RSSI signal indicators. 8 3 Installation This chapter describes how to install the EOA7530. It also describes the EOA7530 LEDs. 3.1 Installing the EOA7530 To install the EOA7530, use the following procedure and refer to the figure below. 1.
Connect the two dipole antennas to the top of the EOA7530 and tighten them by hand. 2.
Unscrew the compartment door on the bottom of the EOA7530 and remove the compartment door to expose the RJ‐45 jack and Reset switch. Connect either end of an Ethernet cable to the EOA7530 jack labeled RJ‐45. Connect the other end of the cable to the RJ‐45 jack on the PoE adapter labeled AP/Bridge Network. 3.
Attach the round plug on the supplied power adapter to the DC48 V IN connector on the Power on Ethernet adapter. Connect the other end to a working AC outlet. The red LED on the PoE adapter goes ON to show it is receiving AC power. WARNING: Only use the power adapter supplied with the EOA7530. Using a different power adapter can damage the EOA7530. 3.2 Understanding the EOA7530 LEDs The EOA7530 has LEDs that show the operating status of the device. The following table describes 9 the EOA7530 LEDs. LED Color Mode Status Power Green OFF= EOA7530 is not receiving power. ON= EOA7530 is receiving power. LAN Green OFF = EOA7530 is not connected to the network. ON = EOA7530 is connected to the network, but not sending or receiving data. Blink = EOA7530 is sending or receiving data. WLAN1 802.11a Green Access Point OFF = EOA7530 radio is off and the device is not or Client sending or receiving data. Bridge Mode ON = EOA7530 radio is on, and the device is not sending or receiving data. Blink = EOA7530 radio is on, and the device is sending or receiving data. WLAN2 802.11b/g Green Access Point OFF = EOA7530 radio is off and the device is not or Client sending or receiving data. Bridge Mode ON = EOA7530 radio is on, and the device is not sending or receiving data. Blink = EOA7530 radio is on, and the device is sending or receiving data. 10 Chapter 3 Configuring Your Computer for TCP/IP To configure the EOA7530, use the instructions in the appropriate section of this chapter to configure the TCP/IP settings on a computer that will be used to configure the EOA7530. 11 3.1 Configuring Microsoft Windows 7 Use the following procedure to configure a computer running Microsoft Windows 7. 1.
In the Start menu search box, type: ncpa.cpl 2.
When the Network Connections List appears, right‐click the Local Area Connection icon and click Properties. 3.
In the Networking tab, click either Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) or Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6), and then click Properties. 12 4.
In the properties dialog box, click Obtain an IP address automatically to configure your computer for DHCP. 13 5.
Click the OK button to save your changes and close the dialog box. 6.
Click the OK button again to save your changes. 3.2 Configuring Microsoft Windows Vista Use the following procedure to configure a computer running Microsoft Windows Vista with the default interface. If you use the Classic interface, where the icons and menus resemble previous Windows versions, perform the procedure in section 4.4. 1.
On the Windows taskbar, click Start, click Control Panel, and then select the Network and Internet icon. 2.
Click View Networks Status and tasks and then click Management Networks Connections. 3.
Right‐click the Local Area Connection icon and click Properties. 4.
Click Continue. The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box appears. 5.
In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, verify that Internet Protocol (TCP/IPv4) is checked. Then select Internet Protocol (TCP/IPv4) and click the Properties button. The Internet Protocol Version 4 Properties dialog box appears. 14 6.
In the Internet Protocol Version 4 Properties dialog box, click Obtain an IP address automatically to configure your computer for DHCP. 7.
Click the OK button to save your changes and close the dialog box. 8.
Click the OK button again to save your changes. 15 3.3 Configuring Microsoft Windows XP Use the following procedure to configure a computer running Microsoft Windows XP with the default interface. If you use the Classic interface, where the icons and menus resemble previous Windows versions, perform the procedure in section 4.4. 1.
On the Windows taskbar, click Start, click Control Panel, and then click Network and Internet Connections. 2.
Click the Network Connections icon. 3.
Click Local Area Connection for the Ethernet adapter connected to the EOA7530. The Local Area Connection Status dialog box appears. 4.
In the Local Area Connection Status dialog box, click the Properties button. The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box appears. 16 5.
In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, verify that Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is checked. Then select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click the Properties button. The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box appears. 6.
In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box, click Obtain an IP address automatically to configure your computer for DHCP. Click the OK button to save this change and close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties dialog box. 7.
Click the OK button again to save your changes. 8.
Restart your computer. 3.4 Configuring Microsoft Windows 2000 Use the following procedure to configure your computer if your computer has Microsoft Windows 2000 installed. 1.
On the Windows taskbar, click Start, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel. 2.
In the Control Panel window, double‐click the Network and Dial‐up Connections icon. If the Ethernet adapter in your computer is installed correctly, the Local Area Connection icon appears. 3.
Double‐click the Local Area Connection icon for the Ethernet adapter connected to the EOA7530. The Local Area Connection Status dialog box appears. 17 4.
In the Local Area Connection Status dialog box, click the Properties button. The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box appears. 5.
In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, verify that Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is checked. Then select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click the Properties button. 6.
Click Obtain an IP address automatically to configure your computer for DHCP. 7.
Click the OK button to save this change and close the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box. 8.
Click OK button again to save these new changes. 9.
Restart your computer. 18 3.5 Configuring an Apple Macintosh Computer The following procedure describes how to configure TCP/IP on an Apple Macintosh running Mac OS 10.2. If your Apple Macintosh is running Mac OS 7.x or later, the steps you perform and the screens you see may differ slightly from the following. However, you should still be able to use this procedure as a guide to configuring your Apple Macintosh for TCP/IP. 1.
Pull down the Apple Menu, click System Preferences, and select Network. 2.
Verify that the NIC connected to the EOA7530 is selected in the Show field. 3.
In the Configure field on the TCP/IP tab, select Using DHCP. 4.
Click Apply Now to apply your settings and close the TCP/IP dialog box. 19 Chapter 4 Introducing the Web Configurator The EOA7530 has a built‐in Web Configurator that lets you manage the unit from any location using a Web browser that supports HTTP and has JavaScript installed. 4.1 Logging in to the Web Configurator After configuring the computer for TCP/IP using the procedure appropriate for your operating system, use that computer’s Web browser to log in to the EOA7530 Web Configurator. 1. Launch your Web browser. 2. In the browser address bar, type 192.168.1.2 and press the Enter key. Note: If you change the EOA7530’s IP address, enter the appropriate IP address. 3. When the Windows Security window appears, type admin as the username in the top field and type admin as the password in the bottom field. 4. Click OK You are now ready to use the instructions in the following chapters to configure the EOA7530. 20 4.2 Best Practices Perform the following procedures regularly to make the EOA7530 more secure and manage the EOA7530 more effectively. ‐ Change the default password. Use a password that is not easy to guess and that contains different characters, such as numbers and letters. The EOA7530 username cannot be changed. For more information, see page 58. ‐ Back up the configuration and be sure you know how to restore it. Restoring an earlier working configuration can be useful if the EOA7530 becomes unstable or crashes. If you forget your password, you will have to reset the EOA7530 to its factory default settings and lose any customized override settings you configured. However, if you back up an earlier configuration, you will not have to completely reconfigure the EOA7530. You can simply restore your last configuration. For more information, see page 60. 21 Chapter 5 Wireless Configuration This chapter describes the EOA7530’s wireless settings. 5.1 Selecting Operating Modes The EOA7530 supports three operating modes: Access Point, Client Bridge, and Client Router. Using the procedures in the following sections, you can configure the EOA7530 to use one operating mode for a 2.4 GHz network and another operating mode for 5 GHz networks (see section 5.1.1), or the same operating mode for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz networks (see section 5.1.2). 5.1.1 Selecting Separate Operating Modes for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Networks To select a separate operating mode for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz networks, use the following procedure. 1. Under the Management section, click Operation Mode. The following page appears. 22 2. At the top of the page, click Separate Mode. 3. Under Please choose the Operation Mode. (5G), click the operating mode you want to use for the 5 GHz network. 4. Under Please choose the Operation Mode. (2.4G), click the operating mode you want to use for the 2.4 GHz network. Note: Client Bridge Mode and Client Router Mode cannot be used at the same time. 5. Click Apply. 5.1.2 Selecting Dual Mode for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Networks The following procedure describes how to select the same operating mode for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz networks. If you select Client Bridge Mode or Client Router Mode, you must select the EOA7530 radio (2.4 GHz or 5 GHz radio) that will be used with that operating mode. If you select Access Point, the operating mode is used with both the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz networks automatically. 1. Under the Management section, click Operation Mode. 2. At the top of the page, click Dual Mode. The following page appears. 23 3. Under Please choose the Operation Mode, click the operating mode you want to use for the 5 GHz network. 4. If you selected Client Bridge Mode or Client Router Mode in step 3, click a radio under Please choose which Radio is Enabled. If you selected Access Point Mode in step 3, both radios are selected automatically and cannot be changed because both bands can work at the same time. 5. Click Apply. 24 5.2 Wireless Settings The EOA7530’s wireless settings are located in the Wireless section of the left pane. 5.2.1 Access Point Mode (Dual Mode) The EOA7530 contains both 2.4 GHz 802.11a and 5 GHz 802.11b/g radios, allowing it to support simultaneous 2.4 GHz 11b/g/n and 5 GHz 11a/n wireless connections when configured for Access Point Mode. In this mode, users with a wireless client device within range can connect to the EOA7530 to access the WLAN. Simultaneous transmission on 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz radios allows the best throughput for bandwidth‐intensive applications like voice, video, and gaming. The following figure shows an example of an EOA7530 operating in Access Point Dual Mode. The sections that follow the figure below describe how to configure your EOA7530 as a Dual Mode Access Point. 25 Radio Click the radio button to enable or disable wireless functions. Enable SSID# The EOA7530 supports four SSIDs. Each SSID can be configured to use a different VLAN tag. ESSID ESSID is the name of your wireless network (WLAN). In an area where more than one WLAN is present, using a different ESSID allows you to separate the traffic. Any device you want to participate in a particular WLAN must use the same ESSID. The default ESSID is EnGenius. After specifying each ESSID, specify the VLAN ID for each ESSID. 5G Wireless Settings Band Select the IEEE 802.11 standard operating in your network environment. Channel You should not need to change the wireless channel unless you notice interference or are setting up the EOA7530 near another Access Point. Data Rate Shows the available transmit data rate of the WLAN. The data rate affects throughput. If you select a low data rate value, for example, the throughput is reduced but the transmission distance increases. Auto Channel By default, this option is disabled. If you click Enable, the EOA7530 searches all valid channels, then decides which channel is “cleanest” for transmissions and change to that channel automatically. 2.4G Wireless Settings Band Select the IEEE 802.11 standard operating in your network environment. 26 Channel You should not need to change the wireless channel unless you notice interference or are setting up the EOA7530 near another Access Point. Data Rate Shows the available transmit data rate of the WLAN. The data rate affects throughput. If you select a low data rate value, for example, the throughput is reduced but the transmission distance increases. Auto Channel By default, this option is disabled. If you click Enable, the EOA7530 searches all valid channels, then decides which channel is “cleanest” for transmissions and change to that channel automatically. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. Note: Both 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz bands use the same SSID. 27 5.2.2 Access Point Mode (5 GHz) Radio Select the appropriate radio button to enable or disable the EOA7530’s wireless functions. Enable SSID# The EOA7530 supports four SSIDs. Each SSID can be configured to use a different VLAN tag. ESSID ESSID is the name of your WLAN. In an area where more than one WLAN is present, using a different ESSID allows you to separate the traffic. Any device you want to participate in a particular WLAN must use the same ESSID. The default ESSID is EnGenius. After specifying each ESSID, specify the VLAN ID for each ESSID. 5G Wireless Settings Band Select the IEEE 802.11 standard operating in your network environment. Channel You should not need to change the wireless channel unless you notice interference or are setting up the EOA7530 near another Access Point. Data Rate Shows the available transmit data rate of the WLAN. The data rate affects throughput. If you select a low data rate value, for example, the throughput is reduced but the transmission distance increases. Auto Channel By default, this option is disabled. If you click Enable, the EOA7530 searches all valid channels, then decides which channel is “cleanest” for transmissions and change to that channel automatically. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. Note: If you do not have experience setting data rates, do not change the default setting. 28 5.2.3 Access Point Mode (2.4 GHz) Radio Select the appropriate radio button to enable or disable the EOA7530’s wireless functions. Enable SSID# The EOA7530 supports four SSIDs. Each SSID can be configured to use a different VLAN tag. ESSID ESSID is the name of your WLAN. In an area where more than one WLAN is present, using a different ESSID allows you to separate the traffic. Any device you want to participate in a particular WLAN must use the same ESSID. The default ESSID is EnGenius. After specifying each E SSID, specify the VLAN ID for each ESSID. 2.4G Wireless Settings Band Select the IEEE 802.11 standard operating in your network environment. Channel You should not need to change the wireless channel unless you notice interference or are setting up the EOA7530 near another Access Point. Data Rate Shows the available transmit data rate of the WLAN. The data rate affects throughput. If you select a low data rate value, for example, the throughput is reduced but the transmission distance increases. Auto Channel By default, this option is disabled. If you click Enable, the EOA7530 searches all valid channels, then decides which channel is “cleanest” for transmissions and change to that channel automatically. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. Note: If you do not have experience setting data rates, do not change the default setting. 29 5.2.4 Client Bridge Mode/Client Router Mode (Dual Mode) Client Bridge Mode/ Client Router Mode lets you connect two LAN segments via a wireless link as though they are on the same physical network. Since the computers are on the same subnet, broadcasts will reach all machines. As a result, DHCP information generated by the server will reach all client computers as though the clients resided on one physical network. The following figure shows an example of two EOA7530 devices operating in Client Bridge Mode. One EOA7530 uses its 2.4 GHz radio to communicate with a 2.4 GHz Access Point, while the other EOA7530 uses its 5 GHz radio to communicate with a 5 GHz Access Point. The sections that follow the figure below describe how to configure your EOA7530 for Client Bridge Mode. 30 ESSID Specify the Access Point SSID if known. Otherwise, use Site Survey to scan for nearby Access Points (see page 36). Preferred BSSID Specify the MAC address of the Access Point with which you want to associate. 5G Wireless Setting Click this radio button to use the 5 GHz network as your default WLAN. 2.4G Wireless Setting Click this radio button to use the 2.4 GHz network as your default WLAN. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. Note: In Client Bridge Mode, the EOA7530 cannot operate in 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz networks at the same time. 5.2.5 Client Bridge Mode/Client Router Mode (5 GHz) 31 ESSID Specify the Access Point SSID if known. Otherwise, use Site Survey to scan for nearby Access Points (see page 36). Preferred BSSID Specify the MAC address of the Access Point with which you want to associate. 5G Wireless Setting Select a standard IEEE 802.11a wireless band you want to use on the 5 GHz network. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 5.2.6 Client Bridge Mode/Client Router Mode (2.4 GHz) ESSID Specify the Access Point SSID if known. Otherwise, use Site Survey to scan for nearby Access Points (see page 36). Preferred BSSID Specify the MAC address of the Access Point with which you want to associate. 2.4G Wireless Setting Select a standard IEEE 802.11b or IEEE 802.11g wireless band. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 32 5.2.7 WDS Bridge Mode The Management > Operation Mode page has a 5G section that lets you configure the EOA7530 for WDS Bridge Mode. Please Choose the Operation Mode (5G) Select WDS Bridge Mode to configure the ENH200 for WDS Bridge Mode. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 33 In the next screen, manually enter static IP addresses for the two devices. This mode requires the EOA7530’s DHCP server to be turned off, as noted in the table below. This is the default setting. If you change it, please turn off DHCP Server for WDS Bridge Mode. IP Address Specify the IP address of the EOA7530 LAN port. IP Subnet Mask Specify the subnet mask of the EOA7530 LAN port. Default Gateway Specify the default gateway of the EOA7530 LAN port. 802.1d Spanning Tree Enable or disable Spanning Tree. It is disabled by default DHCP Server DHCP Server Disable the DHCP server to prevent automatic allocation of IP addresses to LAN client PCs. Then configure your PC’s local IP address to access the Web Configurator. Lease Time Specify the amount of time a DHCP network user is allowed connection to the EOA7530 with their current dynamic IP address. Start IP Specify the starting IP address range for the pool of allocated for private IP addresses. The starting IP address must be on the same subnet as the ending IP address; that is the first three octets specified here must be the same as the first three octets in End IP. End IP Specify the ending IP address range for the pool of allocated for private IP addresses. The ending IP address must be on the same subnet as the starting IP address; that is the first three octets specified here must be the same as the first three octets in Start IP. Domain Name Specify the domain name of the EOA7530’s private LAN settings. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 34 Go to the Management > Status page. Under 5GHz WDS, find the Basic Service Set Identifier (BSSID) or MAC address of the devices you want to bridge together. BSSID (WLAN MAC address) MAC address of the devices you want to bridge together. Record the value below: Record BSSID here: ___________________________________________ Go to the 5GHz Wireless > WDS Link page and configure desired 5GHz wireless channel/frequency. Channels Select the desired 5 GHz channel/frequency. All devices on the WDS network has to has matching channels. Data rates Accept the Auto default to have the bridged devices connect and exchange data at an automatically agreed‐to data rate. Or you can select a specific speed, so long as the other bridged device(s) can communicate at that speed. WDS Bridges Enter the WDS link partner’s 5GHz BSSID (MAC address) that you recorded on above. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 35 5.4 5.3 Site Survey Use this feature to scan nearby Access Points. No Numbers of Access Points that the site survey has discovered. Select Click the radio button that corresponds to the Access Point with which you want to associate. Channel Channel that the Access Point is using. SSID SSID that the Access Point is broadcasting. BSSID Access Point’s wireless MAC address. Encryption Encryption method that the Access Point is using to secure data over the WLAN. Signal(dBm) Signal strength from the Access Point to your station. Refresh Click Refresh to rescan nearby Access Points. Connect Click Connect to process the connection. Note: If you select 5 GHz as your default WLAN, you cannot scan Access Points operating in the 2.4 GHz band. 36 AP Scan List (5 GHz / 2.4 GHz) This feature can help you select an Access Point channel by scanning nearby Access Points. Refresh Click Refresh to rescan nearby Access Points. 37 5.5 Wireless Security Settings The Wireless Security Settings section lets you configure the EOA7530’s security settings. We strongly recommend you use WPA2‐PSK AES for your security settings. 5.5.1 WEP (Access Point) ESSID Selection The EOA7530 supports four SSIDs. Each SSID can be configured to use a different type of authentication. Hidden SSID Select Enable or Disable to broadcast or not broadcast the EOA7530’s SSID. Users cannot reconnect automatically or manually to a WLAN that uses a hidden SSID. A WLAN that uses a hidden SSID does not appear in the Microsoft Windows Wireless Network Connection window. WMM Select Enable or Disable to enable or disable the EOA7530’s WMM functions. WMM is based on the four access categories: voice, video, best effort, and background, which are used to prioritize traffic so these applications have access to the necessary network resources. WMM does not guarantee transmission speed. Encryption Select WEP from the drop‐down list to display the configuration options. Authentication Type Select Open System or Shared Key as your authentication type. •
Open System = no authentication. Any client, regardless of its WEP keys, can 38 authenticate itself with the Access Point and then try to associate with it. •
Shared Key = all wireless stations share the same secret key. Key Length Level of WEP encryption applied to all WEP keys. Choices are 64‐bit and 128‐bit. Key Type Select an input type of either Hex or ASCII. Default Key Specify which of the four WEP keys the EOA7530 uses as its default. Key1 Specify a password for security key index number 1. For security, each typed character is masked by a dot (). Key2 Specify a password for security key index number 2. For security, each typed character is masked by a dot (). Key3 Specify a password for security key index number 3. For security, each typed character is masked by a dot (). Key4 Specify a password for security key index number 4. For security, each typed character is masked by a dot (). Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 5.5.2 WEP (Client Bridge / Client Router) Network Name (SSID) Specify the Access Point SSID with which you want to associate. Encryption Select WEP from the drop‐down list to display the configuration options. Authentication Type Select Open System or Shared Key as your authentication type. •
Open System = no authentication. Any client, regardless of its WEP keys, can 39 authenticate itself with the Access Point and then try to associate with it. •
Shared Key = all wireless stations share the same secret key. Key Length Level of WEP encryption applied to all WEP keys. Choices are 64‐bit and 128‐bit. Key Type Select an input type of either Hex or ASCII. Default Key Specify which of the four WEP keys the EOA7530 uses as its default. Key1 Specify a password for security key index number 1. Key2 Specify a password for security key index number 2. Key3 Specify a password for security key index number 3. Key4 Specify a password for security key index number 4. Apply Click Apply to apply the changes. 5.5.3 WPA pre‐shared Key (Access Point) ESSID Selection The EOA7530 supports four SSIDs. Each SSID can be configured to use a different type of authentication. Hidden SSID Select Enable or Disable to broadcast or not broadcast the EOA7530’s SSID. Users cannot reconnect automatically or manually to a WLAN that uses a hidden SSID. A WLAN that uses a hidden SSID does not appear in the Microsoft Windows Wireless Network Connection window. WMM Select Enable or Disable to enable or disable the EOA7530’s WMM functions. WMM is based on the four access categories: voice, video, best effort, and background, which are used to prioritize traffic so these applications have access to the necessary network resources. WMM does not guarantee transmission speed. Encryption Select WPA pre‐shared Key from the drop‐down list to display the configuration options. WPA Type Select WPA(TKIP), WPA2(AES), or WPA2 Mixed as your authentication type. 40 Pre‐shared Key Type •
TKIP = automatic encryption with WPA‐PSK; requires pre‐shared key. •
AES = automatic encryption with WPA2‐PSK; requires pre‐shared key. •
WPA2 Mixed = uses both TKIP and AES cipher types; requires a pre‐shared key. Select Passphrase or Hex (64 characters) that can be used to automatically generate security keys. Pre‐shared Key Shared secret between the EOA7530 and Access Points and wireless clients. You cannot type special characters in the pre‐shared key. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 5.5.4 WPA pre‐shared Key (Client Bridge / Client Router) Network Name (SSID) Specify the Access Point’s SSID which you want to associate. Encryption Select WPA pre‐shared key from the drop‐down list to display the configuration options. WPA Type Pre‐shared Key Type Select WPA(TKIP) or WPA2(AES) as your authentication type. •
TKIP = automatic encryption with WPA‐PSK; requires pre‐shared key. •
AES = automatic encryption with WPA2‐PSK; requires pre‐shared key. Select Passphrase or Hex (64 characters) that can be used to automatically generate security keys. Pre‐shared Key Shared secret between the EOA7530 and Access Points and wireless clients. You cannot type special characters in the pre‐shared key. Apply Press Apply to save the changes. 41 5.5.5 RADIUS (Access Point Mode Only) Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) authentication is only available when the EOA7530 is configured for Access Point Mode. Use this feature if you have a RADIUS server. WPA(TKIP), WPA2(AES), and WPA2 Mixed encryption types are also supported. The following figure shows an example of a RADIUS configuration, where two EOA7530 devices installed at different locations communicate with each other wirelessly. In this configuration, one EOA7530 is configured for Access Point Mode and connected to a RADIUS server via a switch, while the other EOA7530 is configured for Client Bridge Mode. The RADIUS server uses an authentication scheme such as PAP or CHAP to verify a user's identification, along with, optionally, other information related to the request, such as the user's network address or phone number, account status and specific network service access privileges. The RADIUS server then returns one of three responses to the EOA7530 : Access Reject (user is denied access to all requested network resources), Access Challenge (requests additional information from the user such as a secondary password), PIN, token or card), or Access Accept (user is granted access). The sections that follow the figure below describe how to configure your EOA7530 for use in a RADIUS environment. 42 ESSID Selection The EOA7530 supports four SSIDs. Each SSID can be configured to use a different type of authentication. Hidden SSID Select Enable or Disable to broadcast or not broadcast the EOA7530’s SSID. Users cannot reconnect automatically or manually to a WLAN that uses a hidden SSID. A WLAN that uses a hidden SSID does not appear in the Microsoft Windows Wireless Network Connection window. WMM Select Enable or Disable to enable or disable the EOA7530’s WMM functions. WMM is based on the four access categories: voice, video, best effort, and background, which are used to prioritize traffic so these applications have access to the necessary network resources. WMM does not guarantee transmission speed. Encryption Select WPA RADIUS from the drop‐down list to display the configuration options. WPA Type Select WPA(TKIP), WPA2(AES), or WPA2 Mixed as your authentication type. •
TKIP = automatic encryption with WPA‐PSK; requires pre‐shared key. •
AES = automatic encryption with WPA2‐PSK; requires pre‐shared key. •
WPA2 Mixed = uses both TKIP and AES cipher types; requires a pre‐shared key. RADIUS Server IP Address Specify your RADIUS server’s IP address. RADIUS Server Port Specify the port number that your RADIUS server uses for authentication. RADIUS Server Password Specify the password used to negotiate the authentication between the EOA7530 and the RADIUS server. For security, each typed character is masked by a dot (). Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 43 5.6 Wireless Advanced Settings If you do not have experience with configuring advanced wireless settings, leave these options at their default settings. Otherwise, any changes you make can affect performance adversely. 5.6.1 Advanced Settings (Access Point) Fragment Threshold Specify the maximum packet size during transmission. If a large number of clients are accessing the WLAN, specify a small value to avoid collisions. RTS Threshold RTS threshold is a trigger to engage the exchange of RTS and CTS messages between the Access Point and client. The trigger is a type of “handshaking” approach that provides an additional layer of control over the use of the shared medium by indicating the amount of time a wireless device, attempting to send, will wait for a recipient to acknowledge that it is ready. If the packet size is smaller than the RTS threshold, the wireless router will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send the packet. To ensure communication, use the maximum value. Decreasing this value causes the sending device to discard the current packet and move on to the next. Beacon Interval Specify the duration between beacon packets. Access Points broadcast Beacons or Traffic Indication Messages (TIM) to synchronize WLANs. The default setting of 100 should be fine for most situations. In a "noisy" environment with much interference, decreasing this value can improve network performance. In very remote locations (with few wireless nodes), you can increase this value. DTIM Period Specify a value between 1 and 255 for the Delivery Traffic Indication Message 44 (DTIM). A DTIM is a countdown that informs clients about the next window for listening to broadcast and multicast messages. The default value is 1. Note: The DTIM is a multiple of the Beacon (TIM), so if the DTIM is set to 3, a DTIM message is sent with every third Beacon. Preamble Type Tells the receiver that data is on the way. The preamble allows the receiver to acquire the wireless signal and synchronize itself with the transmitter. Select Long Preamble or Short Preamble. Long Preamble can provide better wireless LAN compatibility with legacy devices, while Short Preamble can provide better WLAN performance. Tx Power Lets you increase or decrease transmit power. Higher transmit power may prevent connections to the network, while the lower transmit power can prevent clients from connecting to the device. Distance Specify the distance between Access Points and clients. Longer distances may drop high‐speed connections. Layer 2 Isolation Enable or disable Layer 2 Isolation. Layer 2 isolation prevents communication and data sharing between wireless stations associated with different Access Points. 5.6.2 Advanced Settings (Client Bridge / Client Router) Fragment Threshold Specify the maximum packet size during transmission. If a large number of clients are accessing the WLAN, specify a small value to avoid collisions. RTS Threshold RTS threshold is a trigger to engage the exchange of RTS and CTS messages between the Access Point and client. The trigger is a type of “handshaking” approach that provides an additional layer of control over the use of the shared medium by indicating the amount of time a wireless device, attempting to send, will wait for a recipient to acknowledge that it is ready. If the packet size is smaller than the RTS threshold, the wireless router will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send the 45 packet. To ensure communication, use the maximum value. Decreasing this value causes the sending device to discard the current packet and move on to the next. Preamble Type Tells the receiver that data is on the way. The preamble allows the receiver to acquire the wireless signal and synchronize itself with the transmitter. Select Long Preamble or Short Preamble. Long Preamble can provide better wireless LAN compatibility with legacy devices, while Short Preamble can provide better WLAN performance. 802.11g Protection If you enable protection mode, every transmitted packet must wait until CTS is received before it can be sent. Protection mode can prevent collision, but slows wireless transmission speeds. Tx Power Lets you increase or decrease transmit power. Higher transmit power may prevent connections to the network, while the lower transmit power can prevent clients from connecting to the device. Distance Specify the distance between Access Points and clients. Longer distances may drop high‐speed connections. 5.7 Wireless Access Control List Use the Wireless Access Control List provide or deny network access to wireless clients according to their MAC addresses. Enable Wireless Access Control Place a Check to enable Wireless Access Control. Description Enter a description for the MAC address you want to add. MAC Address Specify the MAC address. Add Click Add to add the MAC address. Reset Click Reset to discard your entries. 46 MAC Address Filtering Table Check all the conditions you added. Delete Selected Check an option below the Select column and click Delete Selected to delete the option. Delete All Click Delete All to erase all options in the table. Reset Click Reset to discard your selection. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 47 Chapter 6 LAN Setup This chapter describes the EOA7530 Local Area Network (LAN) settings. 6.1 LAN Settings Note: Changing LAN IP address changes the LAN Interface IP address. When you click Apply, the Web Configurator automatically redirects you to the new IP address . LAN IP IP Address Specify the IP address of the EOA7530 LAN port. IP Subnet Mask Specify the subnet mask of the EOA7530 LAN port. Default Gateway Specify the default gateway of the EOA7530 LAN port. 802.1d Spanning Tree Enable or disable Spanning Tree. DHCP Server DHCP Server Enable or disable the DHCP server to allow automatic allocation of IP addresses to LAN client PCs. If you disable DHCP Server, you must configure your PC’s local IP address to access the Web Configurator. Lease Time Specify the amount of time a DHCP network user is allowed connection to the EOA7530 with their current dynamic IP address. Start IP Specify the starting IP address range for the pool of allocated for private IP addresses. The starting IP address must be on the same subnet as the ending IP 48 address; that is the first three octets specified here must be the same as the first three octets in End IP. End IP Specify the ending IP address range for the pool of allocated for private IP addresses. The ending IP address must be on the same subnet as the starting IP address; that is the first three octets specified here must be the same as the first three octets in Start IP. Domain Name Specify the domain name of the EOA7530’s private LAN settings. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 6.2 DHCP Info Click on DHCP Info under the TCP/IP section to view clients associated with the EOA7530 via DHCP. You can also assign an IP address for certain MAC addresses. The IP Address, MAC Address, and Expiration Time for each IP address are displayed. Click the Refresh button to update the client list. Enable Static DHCP IP Check Enable Static DHCP IP. IP Address Specify the IP address of the MAC address you want to add. MAC Address Specify the MAC address. Add Click Add to add the MAC address. Reset Click Reset to discard your changes. Current Static DHCP Table View your selections. 49 Delete Selected Check an option below the Select column and click Delete Selected to delete the option. Delete All Click Delete All to erase all options in the table. Reset Click Reset to discard your selection. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 6.3 SNMP Settings SNMP Enable Click this radio button to enable the EOA7530’s SNMP feature. SNMP Disable Click this radio button to disable the EOA7530’s SNMP feature. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 50 Chapter 7 Internet Settings This chapter describes the EOA7530’s Internet settings. 7.1 DHCP (Dynamic IP) To obtain an IP address for the EOA7530 automatically, select Dynamic IP for your WAN connection. As part of this procedure, you will need to enter a host name Hostname Specify the host name furnished by your Internet Service Provider. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 7.2 Static IP If your ISP provided you with an IP address, subnet mask, default EOA7530, and primary DNS and secondary DNS to use, select Static IP for your WAN connection. IP Address Specify the IP address of the EOA7530’s WAN settings. IP Subnet Mask Specify the subnet mask of the EOA7530’s WAN settings. EOA7530 IP Address Specify the EOA7530’s WAN IP address. Primary DNS Specify the static IP address of the primary DNS server. Secondary DNS Specify the static IP address of the secondary DNS server. 51 Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 7.3 PPPoE (Point‐to‐Point Protocol over Ethernet) Select Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) if your ISP uses a PPPoE connection. Your ISP will provide you with a username and password. This option is typically used for DSL services. Remove your PPPoE software from your computer, as it is not needed and will not work with your EOA7530. Login Specify the user name supplied by your ISP. Password Specify the password supplied by your ISP. Service Name Specify the service name supplied by your ISP. MTU Specify the Maximum Transmit Unit size. It is recommended you accept the default setting of Auto. Otherwise, packets will be fragmented downstream if the MTU is set too high or too low, which impacts network performance. In extreme cases, an MTU setting that is too low can prevent the EOA7530 from establishing some connections. Authentication Type Select the algorithm used for authentication. Choices are PAP, CHAP, or Auto. Default is Auto. Type Select a connection type from the drop‐down menu. Choices are: •
Keep Connection = device connects to the Internet automatically. •
Automatic Connection = device connects to the Internet automatically when the traffic goes through the Internet and disconnects after a period of idle time elapses. •
Idle Timeout Manual Connection = device connects to the Internet manually. If the EOA7530 is configured for Automatic Connection, specify the maximum amount of time the device can remain idle before disconnecting. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the 52 previous settings. 7.4 PPTP (Point‐to‐Point Tunneling Protocol) Select PPTP as your WAN connection type if your ISP uses a Point‐to‐Point‐Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connection. There are two WAN interface types you can select: Dynamic IP Address and Static IP address. Select Static if your ISP assigned you the IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server addresses. In most cases, select Dynamic. Dynamic IP Address WAN Interface Type Select Dynamic IP Address as your WAN Interface. Hostname Specify the Hostname is given by your Internet Service Provider. Static IP Address WAN Interface Type Select Static IP Address as your WAN Interface. IP Address Specify the static IP address for the EOA7530 WAN Interface. IP Subnet Mask Specify the WAN subnet mask. EOA7530 IP Address Specify the EOA7530 WAN IP address. 53 Login Specify the user name supplied by your ISP. Password Specify the password supplied by your ISP. Service IP Address Specify the service IP address supplied by your ISP. Connection ID Specify the connection ID supplied by your ISP. MTU Specify the Maximum Transmit Unit size. It is recommended you accept the default setting of Auto. Otherwise, packets will be fragmented downstream if the MTU is set too high or too low, which impacts network performance. In extreme cases, an MTU setting that is too low can prevent the EOA7530 from establishing some connections. Type Select a connection type from the drop‐down menu. Choices are: •
Keep Connection = device connects to the Internet automatically. •
Automatic Connection = device connects to the Internet automatically when the traffic goes through the Internet and disconnects after a period of idle time elapses. •
Idle Timeout Manual Connection = device connects to the Internet manually. If the EOA7530 is configured for Automatic Connection, specify the maximum amount of time the device can remain idle before disconnecting. Enable PPTP pass through Check PPTP pass through on VPN Connection. Otherwise, the EOA7530 will not be able to connect to the Internet via PPTP. on VPN Connection Enable IPSec pass through Check IPSec pass through on VPN Connection. Otherwise, the EOA7530 will not be able to transmit data using the IPSec protocol. on VPN Connection Enable L2TP pass through Check L2TP pass through on VPN Connection. Otherwise, the EOA7530 will not be able to connect to the Internet using L2TP. on VPN Connection Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 54 Chapter 8 Information Status Use the Status section to check device information such as system up time, firmware version, wireless client list, and Internet status. 8.1 Status Click Status under the Management section to display sections that show various information about the device. For example, the: ‐ System section shows current time, hardware version, kernel version, and application version. ‐ LAN Settings section shows the LAN IP address, subnet mask, DHCP status, and MAC address. ‐ Wireless Information section shows basic Access Point, client bridge, and client router settings. 55 8.2 Wireless Client List Click Client List under the 5G/2.4G Wireless section to view a list of clients associated with the EOA7530. The MAC addresses, signal strength, and Idle Time for each client are displayed. Click the Refresh button to update the client list. 8.3 System Log The EOA7530 automatically logs (records) events of possible interest in memory. To view the log entries, click Log under the Management section. If there is not enough internal memory for all events, logs of older events are deleted, but logs of the latest events are retained. Buttons below the log entries let you save your current system operation information to a text file, clear all logs, or refresh the information shown. 56 8.4 Internet Status Click Status under the Internet section to view the status of the current network connection. Information shown includes the network type, SSID, BSSID, connection status, wireless mode, current channel, security, data rate, noise level, and signal strength. Note: If your internet connection type is PPPoE or PPTP with Manual Connection, you can connect to he Internet from this page. 57 Chapter 9 Management Settings The Management section on the navigation drop‐down menu can help you manage your device and adjust system settings such as password, time zone, diagnosis, remote control, upgrade firmware, and save/load settings. Each option is described below. 9.1 Password Settings Click Password under the Management section to change the password you specify to access the EOA7530 Web Configurator. The default password is admin. For security reasons it is highly recommended that you create a new password. Old Password Enter the current password. New Password Specify a new password for login. Repeat New Password Re‐enter the new password for confirmation. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 9.2 Time Zone Settings Click Time Zone under the Management menu to configure the EOA7530 system time. Using these settings, you can synchronize the EOA7530 system time with a Network Time Protocol (NTP) server. 58 Time Zone Select your country or region from the drop‐down list. NTP Time Server Specify the domain name or IP address of a NTP server. Daylight Saving Check Enable if your area observes daylight savings time . Then specify the starting (From) and ending (To) range when daylight savings time is observed. Apply / Cancel Click Apply to apply the changes or Cancel to discard your changes and return to the previous settings. 9.3 Diagnosis If you encounter connectivity problems, click Diagnostics under the Management menu to troubleshoot the connection and trace the routing to a target. Address to Ping Enter the IP address you would like to Ping. Start Click Start to begin. Count Specify numbers of times the IP address is to be pinged. Ping Result Displays ping results. 59 9.4 Remote Control Host Address Specify the IP address you want to use as your remote controller. Port Specify the port number. Enable Check Enable to enable remote management. Apply/Reset Click Apply to save the changes or Reset to discard your changes. 9.5 Upgrade Firmware Click Upgrade Firmware under the Management menu to upgrade the EOA7530 firmware. To perform this procedure, downloaded the appropriate firmware from your vendor. Note: The firmware upgrade procedure can take few minutes. Do not power off the EOA7530 during the firmware upgrade, as it can cause the device to crash or become unusable. The EOA7530 restarts automatically after the upgrade completes. 9.6 Save/Reload Settings Click Save/Reload Setting under the Management menu to save the current settings of the device in a file to your local disk or load settings to the device from your local disk. This feature is handy for administrators who have several devices that need to be configured with the same settings. 60 Restore to Factory Default Settings Click the Reset button to reset all the settings to the default values. Backup Settings Click Save to save current configured settings. Restore Settings The EOA7530 can store a previous setting that has been saved. Click Browse to select the file and Upload. Restart Click Restart to reboot the EOA7530. Note: If you choose to Restore to Factory Default, all custom settings that override the default settings will be erased. We recommend you save your current settings before your proceed. 61 Chapter 10 Network Configuration Example This chapter provides step‐by‐step descriptions for using the EOA7530’s three operating modes. The Access Point Mode’s default configuration allows the EOA7530 to act as a central unit of a WLAN or as a root device of a wired environment. Repeater mode and Mesh network mode need must also be configured (refer to the manuals for those devices). 10.1 Access Point Mode + Client Bridge Mode Access Point Step1 Log in to the web‐based configuration interface using the default IP address 192.168.1.2. Step2 Select 802.11b/g mixed and/or 802.11a as your wireless mode. Step3 Use AP Scan to scan channels in nearby area. Step4 Select a channel with the least interference. Step5 Specify the SSID for your broadcast SSID. Configure multiple SSIDs at the same time. Step6 Verify the VLAN identifier to separate services among clients Step7 Set up the authentication settings. Step8 Click Apply to save all changes. Note: Dual mode uses the same SSID on 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz WLAN. For more advanced settings, see the previous chapters. 62 Client Bridge Step1 Log in to the web‐based configuration interface using the default IP address 192.168.1.2. Step2 Change the operating mode to Client Bridge. Step3 Select 5G or 2.4G as your wireless mode. Step4 Step5 Use the site survey to scan nearby Access Points and select the Access Point to which you want to connect, or enter an SSID manually. Select an authentication type and enter the appropriate password. Note: the wireless silent IP address must be configured manually using the same subnet as the LAN or enable the EOA7530’s DHCP server to retrieve an IP address automatically. 10.2 Client Router Mode See the last section for information about configuring the EOA7530 for Access Point Mode. Step1 Log in to the web‐based configuration interface using default IP address 192.168.1.2. Step2 Change the operating mode to Client Router. Step3 Select 5G or 2.4G as your wireless mode. Step4 Use the site survey to scan nearby Access Points and select the Access Point to which you want to connect, or enter an SSID manually. Step5 Select an authentication type and enter the appropriate password. Step6 Select the appropriate type of Internet connection based on your ISP. Note: For more information about Internet connection settings, see the Internet chapter. 63 10.3 WDS Bridge Mode Step1 Log in to the web‐based configuration interface using the default IP address 192.168.1.2. Step2 In the left pane, go to Management > Operation Mode. Step3 Under Please choose the Operation Mode 5G, click WDS Bridge Mode. Step4 Click Apply to save your changes. Step5 Enter the Device A LAN IP address (for example, 192.168.10.100). Step6 Enter the Device B LAN IP address (for example, 192.168.10.101). Step7 In the left pane, go to Management > Status. Step8 Under 5GHz WDS, find the 5GHz BSSID (MAC address) of the devices you want to bridge together. Step9 In the left pane, go to 5GHz Wireless > WDS Link. Step10 In the Channel field, select the desired 5 GHz channel/frequency. Step11 In the WDA MAC 0 field, enter the 5GHz BSSID (MAC address) of the WDS link partner. Step12 Click Apply to save your changes. Step13 Repeat steps 2 through 12 for both WDS bridges, so that Device A has the 5GHz BSSID (MAC address) of Device B and Device B has the 5GHz BSSID (MAC address) of Device A. Step14 Optional: Go to 5GHz Wireless > WDS Link and click Security to set up wireless security for the WDS bridge mode connection. (WEP is the only encryption method supported for the WDS bridge mode connection.) 64 Chapter 11 – Building a Wireless Network With its ability to operate in Access Point, Client Bridge, or Client Router Mode, your EOA7530 is the ideal device around which you can build your WLAN. This appendix describes how to build a WLAN around your EOA7530. It begins with a description of the EOA7530’s three operating modes and then goes on to provide examples of how these operating modes can be used in real‐world configurations and how to configure the EOA7530 to operate in these configurations. A.1 EOA7530 Operating Modes The following sections describe the three EOA7530 operating modes. A.1.1 Access Point Mode In Access Point Mode, the EOA7530 operates as a central connection for stations or clients that support IEEE 802.11b/g networks. All stations and clients within the wireless area to be covered must be configured to use the same SSID and Security Password to associate with each other. In this operating mode, the EOA7530 supports four SSIDs that can be configured independently to isolate clients. 65 A.1.2 Client Bridge Mode In Client Bridge Mode, the EOA7530 acts as a wireless dongle that connects to an Access Point to gain wireless access to the Internet. This mode requires you to connect the Ethernet port on your PC to the EOA7530 10/100 LAN port. If you use the client bridge operating mode, use the EOA7530 Site Survey feature (described on page 36) to scan for Access Points within range. When you find an Access Point, configure the EOA7530 to use the same SSID and Security Password as the Access Point to associate with it. A.1.2 Client Router Mode In the Client Router Mode, the EOA7530 grants Internet access to multiple LANs. In this mode, the EOA7530’s internal Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server automatically allocates ranges of IP addresses to each LAN that will access the Internet through the EOA7530. This mode requires you to connect the EOA7530 wirelessly to an Access Point or Wireless Access Point (such as another EOA7530 configured to use the Access Point operating mode) and then connect the LANs to the EOA7530 using a wired connection. 66 A.2 Real‐World Configurations The following sections show the EOA7530 in various configurations. A.2.1 Sample Access Point Application The following figure shows an example of the EOA7530 in an Access Point configuration, where the two EOA7530 radios operate concurrently to provide Internet access to a variety of devices. In this configuration, one EOA7530 radio conducts 802.11b/g communications with the following devices wirelessly: ‐ An EnGenius EUB‐9706 Wireless N Adapter connected to a laptop computer ‐ An EnGenius High Power 1T1R USB Adapter connected to a different laptop computer ‐ An EnGenius E0C2611P 802.11g Outdoor Client Bridge/Access Point configured for client bridge mode. The E0C2611P is connected to a switch that provides wired connectivity to a desktop PC, printer, and data server, and Access Point, and wireless connectivity to a laptop. The other EOA7530 radio conducts 802.11a communications with a switch connected to the Internet. This Internet connectivity passes from the EOA7530’s internal 802.11a radio to its internal 802.11b/g radio and the on to the 802/11b/g devices. 67 To set up the EOA7530 for this configuration, perform the following steps: Step 1: Enable 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz Operation Modes ‐ Launch the Web Configurator via a Web browser. ‐ In the left pane, under Management, click Operation Mode. The configuration screen appears. ‐ On the top, click Separate Mode. ‐ Under Please choose the Operation Mode. (5GHz), click Access Point Mode. ‐ Under Please choose the Operation Mode. (2.4GHz), click Access Point Mode. ‐ Click Apply. Step 2: Enter the ESSID (Wireless Name) for 5 GHz operation ‐ In the left pane, under 5GHz Wireless, click Basic Settings. ‐ When the configuration screen appears, click in the ESSID field and enter the wireless name (ESSID) that you want the Access Point to broadcast to the wireless 5 GHz client devices. Note: For the devices in the 5 GHz WLAN to communicate with each other, they must all be configured with the same ESSID. 3. Click Apply. Step 3: Enter the ESSID (Wireless Name) for 2.4 GHz operation ‐ In the left pane, under 2.4GHz Wireless, click Basic Settings. ‐ When the configuration screen appears, click in the ESSID field and enter the wireless name (ESSID) that you want the Access Point to broadcast to the wireless 2.4 GHz client devices. Note: For the devices in the 2.4 GHz WLAN to communicate with each other, they must all be configured with the same ESSID. ‐ Click Apply. 68 A.2.2 Sample Access Point and Client Bridge Application The following figure shows an example of a configuration that uses 802.11a Client Bridge mode for the
EOA devices to communicate with each other and 802.11g Access Point mode for Wi-Fi client devices.
This setup expands the concurrent dual-radio Access Point configuration described in the previous
section by using several EOA series Access Points. In this configuration:
y
The 802.11a radio is configured for Client Bridge Mode to associate to the main Access Point as a
dedicated backhaul .
y
The 802.11g radio is configured for Access Point mode for wireless client devices to connect to.
To achieve a Client Bridge/Access Point Repeater configuration:
69 To set up the EOA7530 for this configuration, perform the following steps: Step 1: Configure the 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz settings ‐
Launch the Web Configurator via a Web browser. ‐
Enter default IP: 192.168.1.2 into the address bar of the browser ‐
In the left pane, under Management, click Operation Mode. The configuration screen appears. ‐
On the top, click Separate Mode. ‐
Under Please choose the Operation Mode. (5G), click Client Bridge Mode. ‐
Under Please choose the Operation Mode. (2.4G), click Access Point Mode. ‐
Click Apply. Step 2: Specify the ESSID (Wireless Name) of the 5 GHz Client Bridge ‐
In the left pane, under 5GHz Wireless, click Basic Settings. ‐
When the next screen appears, enter the wireless name (ESSID) of the Access Point to associate to in the ESSID field. ‐
Click Apply. 5.
Step 3: Specify the ESSID (Wireless Name) of the 2.4 GHz Access Point ‐
In the left pane, under 2.4GHz Wireless, click Basic Settings. ‐
In the next screen, enter the wireless name (ESSID) that you want this device to broadcast to wireless clients in the ESSID field. ‐
6.
Click Apply. 70 71 Appendix A – Specifications Hardware Specifications MCU: Atheros AR7161 RF: Atheros AR5413 (Radio1) + Atheros AR5413 (Radio2) Memory: 64MB SDRAM Flash: 8 MB Physical Interface: One 10/100 Fast Ethernet RJ‐45 One Reset Button Power Requirements: Power over Ethernet, 48V DC Regulation Certifications: FCC Part 15C/15B/15E, EN301 893, EN 300 328, EN 301 489‐1/‐17, EN60950 Radio Frequency Specifications Frequency Band: 802.11a: 5.15 ~ 5.35 GHz, 5.47 ~ 5.725 GHz, 5.725~5.825 GHz 802.11b/g: U.S., Europe and Japan product covering 2.400 to 2.484 GHz, programmable for different country regulations Modulation Technology: OFDM = BPSK, QPSK, 16‐QAM, 64‐QAM DSSS = DBPSK, DQPSK, CCK Operation Channels: 802.11a US/Canada: 12 non‐overlapping channel (5.15∼5.35 GHz, 5.725∼5.825 GHz) Europe: 19 non‐overlapping channel (5.15∼5.35 GHz, .47∼5.825 GHz) Japan:4 non‐overlapping channel (5.15∼5.25 GHz) China:5 non‐overlapping channel (5.725∼5.85 GHz) 802.11b/g 11 for North America, 14 for Japan, 13 for Europe Receive Sensitivity IEEE 802.11a: ‐92dBm @ 6Mbps • ‐73dBm @ 54Mbps (Typical): IEEE 802.11g: ‐94 dBm @ 6Mbps • ‐74 dBm @ 54Mbp IEEE 802.11b: ‐97 dBm @ 1Mbps • ‐92 dBm @ 11Mbps Available Transmit Power Radio 1 (WLAN1) (Average Power): FCC ETSI Frequency Power Frequency Power 5.150∼5.350 GHz 28dBm@6∼24Mbp 5.150∼5.350 28dBm@6∼24Mbp IEEE802.11a 26dBm@36Mbps GHz 26dBm@36Mbps 24dBm@48Mbps IEEE802.11a 24dBm@48Mbps 22dBm@54Mbps 72 22dBm@54Mbps 5.470∼5.725 GHz 28dBm@6∼24Mbp 5.470∼5.725 28dBm@6∼24Mbp IEEE802.11a 26dBm@36Mbps GHz 26dBm@36Mbps 24dBm@48Mbps IEEE802.11a 24dBm@48Mbps 22dBm@54Mbps 22dBm@54Mbps 5.725∼5.825 GHz 28dBm@6∼24Mbp 5.725∼5.825 28dBm@6∼24Mbp IEEE802.11a 26dBm@36Mbps GHz 26dBm@36Mbps 24dBm@48Mbps IEEE802.11a 24dBm@48Mbps 22dBm@54Mbps 22dBm@54Mbps FCC Frequency ETSI Power Frequency Power 2.412∼2.462 GHz 28dBm@6∼24Mbp 2.412∼2.472 GHz 28dBm@6∼9Mbps IEEE802.11g 26dBm@36Mbps IEEE802.11g 26dBm@12∼18Mbp Radio 2 (WLAN2) 2.412∼2.462 GHz 25dBm@48Mbps 25dBm@24∼36Mbp 24dBm@54Mbps 24dBm@48∼54Mbps 29dBm@1∼11Mbps 2.412∼2.472 GHz 29dBm@1∼11Mbps IEEE802.11b Antenna IEEE802.11b 2 x N‐type 802.11a/b/g Dual‐Band 5dBi Omni Antenna Software Features Topology: Infrastructure Protocol / Standard: IEEE 802.3 (Ethernet) / IEEE 802.3u (Fast Ethernet) / IEEE 802.11a (5 GHz WLAN) / IEEE 802.11b/g (2.4 GHz WLAN) Operating Mode: Access Point (Radio1) ‐ Access Point (Radio2) Access Point (Radio1) ‐ Client Bridge (Radio2) Client Bridge (Radio1) ‐ Access Point (Radio2) Access Point (Radio1)‐ Client Router (Radio2) Client Router (Radio1) ‐ Access Point (Radio2) Concurrent AP Concurrent Client Bridge Concurrent Client Router LAN: DHCP Server (AP mode) / DHCP Client (CR mode) Wireless: Auto Channel Selection (Setting varies by Regular Domains) Transmission Rate 11 a/g: 54, 48, 36, 24, 18, 12, 9, 6 Mbps 11b: 11, 5.5, 2, 1 Mbps Distance Control (802.1x Ack timeout) Bandwidth Selection Multiple SSID (up to 4) with 802.1q VLAN Tagging (AP mode) 73 WDS AP/WDS Bridge Security: Authentication: ‐ 802.11i (WPA, WPA2) ‐ 802.1x (including EAP‐TLS/TTLS) IEEE 802.1x Supplicant support in CB mode Encryption: Open, WEP‐64/128, TKIP, AES MAC address access control list / Hide SSID / User isolation / MAC address Filtering / NAT in Client Router mode QoS: WMM Management Configuration: Web‐based configuration (HTTP)/Telnet Firmware Upgrade: Upgrade firmware via web browser Keep latest setting parameter when firmware upgrade Administrator Setting: Administrator password change System Monitoring: Status, statistics, and Event log Reset Setting: Reset to factory default and reboot MIB: MIB I , MIB II(RFC1213), and Private MIB SNMP: V1 , V2c Backup: Save settings to a file via web Environmental and Physical Temperature Range: Operating: ‐20°C to 70°C (‐4°F to 158°F) Storage: ‐30°C to 80°C (‐22°F to 176°F) Humidity (non‐condensing): 0% − 95% typical Dimensions: L: 10.24” (260mm) x W: 6.89” (175mm) x H: 2.56” (65mm) Weight: 1.10 lb. (730g) 74 Appendix B – Troubleshooting This appendix provides problem‐solving information you may find useful in case you need to troubleshoot your EOA7530. It also includes information about contacting technical support. B.1 Problem Solving
Question Answer How do I reset the EOA7530? There are two ways to reset the EOA7530, a hardware method and a software method. Both methods return the EOA7530 to its factory default configuration. To use the hardware method, open the cover on the bottom panel of the EOA7530 and find the Reset button (see section 2.1). Using a flat object such as a pencil, press the Reset button for approximately 10 seconds and then stop pressing. To use the software method, click Restore to Factory Default in the Management menu. Why do I not see traffic pass after I connect the The EOA7530 uses a proprietary PoE injector EOA7530 to a PoE switch? and will not work with standard 802.3af‐compliant PoE switches. When I select AP router mode, why do I lose my Ethernet connection with the EOA7530? When AP router mode is selected, you must connect to the EOA7530 wirelessly. Scan for an EnGenius SSID and connect to it. After you connect, use Internet Explorer with the EOA7530’s default IP address to continue configuring the device. What is the default IP address of the EOA7530? The default IP address is 192.168.1.2 What is the antenna switch on the back of the EOA7530 used for? If you use the EOA7530 with an optional external antenna, move the button to the EXT (external) position to turn off the EOA7530 internal antenna. When I install the PoE connection to the EOA7530, what kind of PoE should I use? The EOA7530 uses a proprietary PoE injector and will not work with standard 802.3af‐compliant PoE switches. How do I ground the EOA7530? To ground the EOA7530, bolt the green ground wire supplied with the device onto the hole on 75 Question Answer the back of the EOA7530 housing with (
) symbol. Connect the other end to the grounding source. I want to use higher gain antennas on the EOA7530, but I don’t know what antenna is right. Use the antenna appropriate for the frequency. Radio 1 uses 5 GHz and Radio 2 uses 2.4 GHz. I want to buy a high‐gain antenna for the EOA7530, but I don’t know what type of antenna and RF connector to buy. Use an antenna with a Type‐N Female connector to connect to the EOA7530. Why is the signal very weak if I do not connect an external antenna to the EOA7530? The EOA7530 has no internal antenna. Only external antennas can be used. B.2 Contacting Technical Support
If you encounter issues that cannot be resolved using this manual, please contact your vendor where you
purchase the device. If you cannot contact your vendor, you may also contact EnGenius Customer Service
department in the region where you purchased the device.
Before you contact your local EnGenius office, please prepare the following information:
y
Product model name and serial number
y
The place where you purchased the product
y
Warranty information
y
The date when you received the product
y
A brief description about the issue and the attempts you tried to resolve it
To contact EnGenius Customer Service office in the United States, please use either of the following methods:
y
Email: Support@EnGeniustech.com
y
Telephone: 1-888-735-7888
76 Appendix C – Glossary Access Point A base station in a WLAN that act as a central transmitter and receiver of WLAN radio signals.
Ad Hoc Network Ad hoc network refers to a short-term WLAN framework created between two or more WLAN
adapters, without going through an Access Point. An ad hoc network allows computers to "talk"
(send data) directly to and from one another. For an ad hoc network to work, each computer on the
network needs a WLAN card installed configured for Ad Hoc mode.
Antenna A device that transmits and receives radio-frequency (RF) signals. Often camouflaged on existing
buildings, trees, water towers or other tall structures, the size and shape of antennas are generally
determined by the frequency of the signal they manage.
Authentication A process that verifies the identity of a wireless device or end-user. One of the most common
forms of authentication is to verify identities by checking a user name and password to allow
network access.
Backbone A high‐speed line or series of connections forming a major pathway within a network. Bandwidth The portion of the frequency spectrum required to transmit desired information. Each radio channel has a center frequency and additional frequencies above and below this carrier frequency which is used to carry the transmitted information. The range of frequencies from the lowest to the highest used is called the bandwidth. Bridge A wireless device that connects multiple networks that are physically separate or use different
media, but which use similar standards.
Bridge Mode An Access Pointy in bridge mode can operate as a WLAN bridge that connects two wired network segments. The peer device also must be in bridge mode. This wireless bridge connection is equivalent to a Wireless Distribution System (WDS). CHAP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol is an alternative protocol that avoids sending passwords over the wire by using a challenge/response technique. Collision Interference that occurs when two network devices transmit data at the same time. The network
detects the collision of the two transmitted packets and discards both of them.
77 Coverage The region within which a paging receiver can receive reliably the transmission of the paging
signals.
Coverage Area
The geographical reach of a mobile communications network or system.
Coverage Hole
An area within the radio coverage footprint of a wireless system in which the RF signal level is
below the design threshold. Coverage holes are usually caused by physical obstructions such as
buildings, foliage, hills, tunnels, and indoor parking garages.
Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)
A common technique for detecting data transmission errors. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) A protocol that automatically assigns temporary IP addresses to client stations logging onto an IP
network, so users do not have to configure the IP addresses manually. The EOA7530 contains an
internal DHCP server that automatically allocates IP address using a user-defined address range.
Dead Spot An area within the coverage area of a WLAN in which there is no coverage or transmission falling
off. Dead spots are often caused by electronic interference or physical barriers such as hills,
tunnels, and indoor parking garages. See also coverage area.
802.11 A category of WLAN standards defined by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
(IEEE).
802.11a
An IEEE standard for WLANs that operate at 5 GHz, with rates up to 54 Mbps.
802.11b
An IEEE standard for WLANs that operate at 2.4 GHz, with rates up to 11 Mbps.
802.11g
An IEEE standard for WLANs that operates at 2.4 GHz with rates up to 54 Mbps. Encryption
The translation of data into a secret code. Encryption is the most effective way to achieve data
security. To read an encrypted file, you must have access to a secret key or password that enables
you to decrypt it. Unencrypted data is called plain text ; encrypted data is referred to as cipher text
ESS ID An ESSID is the unique identifier for an ESS. All Access Points and their associated wireless stations in the same group must have the same ESSID. Footprint
Geographical areas in which an entity is licensed to broadcast its signal. Gateway A computer system or other device that acts as a translator between two systems that do not use the same communication protocols, data formatting structures, languages and/or architecture. 78 Keys Keys are used like passwords to open and close (encrypt and decrypt) messages. While many encryption algorithms are commonly known and public, the key must be kept secret. Local‐Area Network (LAN) A small data network covering a limited area, such as a building or group of buildings. Most LANs connect workstations or personal computers. This allows many users to share devices, such as printers, as well as data. The LAN also allows easy communication, by facilitating e‐mail or supporting chat sessions. Media Access Control (MAC) Address
The address associated with every hardware device on the network. Every 802.11 wireless device has its own specific MAC address hard‐coded into it. This unique identifier can be used to provide security for WLANs. When a network uses a MAC table, only the 802.11 radios that have had their MAC addresses added to that network's MAC table are able to get onto the network. Network Address Translation (NAT) An Internet standard that enables a LAN to use one set of IP addresses for internal traffic and a second set of addresses for external traffic. Network Time Protocol (NTP) A protocol that allows devices to synchronize their time with a time server. It uses TCP or UDP port 123 by default Passphrase A text string used to automatically generate WEP keys on wireless client adapters. Power Over Ethernet (PoE) The ability to provide power to a PoE‐enabled device via an 8‐pin CAT 5 Ethernet cable, eliminating the need for a nearby power source. Preamble Used to synchronize transmissions in a WLAN. The preamble type defines the length of the Cyclic Redundancy Check block for communication between the device and roaming wireless stations. Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol (PEAP) An authentication protocol of IEEE 802.1x used to transmit authentication data, including passwords, over 802.11 WLANs. Quality of Service (QoS) Refers to a network’s ability to deliver data with minimum delay, and to the networking methods used to provide bandwidth for real‐time multimedia applications. Remote Authentication Dial‐In User Service (RADIUS) A networking protocol that provides centralized authentication, authorization, and accounting management for computers to connect and use a network service. Because of the broad support and the ubiquitous nature of the RADIUS protocol, it is often used by ISPs and enterprises to manage access to the Internet or internal networks, WLANs, and integrated e‐mail services. Service Set Identifier (SSID) The name of a WLAN. All wireless devices on a WLAN must use the same SSID in order to 79 communicate with each other. Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) SNMP is an Internet‐standard protocol for managing devices on IP networks. Snooping Passively watching a network for data that can be used to benefit a hacker, such as passwords. Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) An encryption protocol that uses 128‐bit keys that are dynamically generated and distributed by the authentication server. TKIP regularly changes and rotates the encryption keys so that the same encryption key is never used twice. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) A protocol permitting communications over and between networks. The TCP/IP protocol is the basis for Internet communications. Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ) WFQ services queues based on their priority and queue weight. Queues with larger weights get more service than queues with smaller weights. This queuing mechanism is highly efficient in that it divides any available bandwidth across the different traffic queues. See also Queuing Algorithms. Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) A security protocol that provides a WLAN with a level of security and privacy comparable to what is usually expected of a wired LAN. WEP encrypts data transmitted between wired and WLANs to keep the transmission private. Wireless Local‐Area Network (WLAN) WLANs use RF technology to transmit and receive data wirelessly in a certain area. This allows users in a small zone to transmit data and share resources, such as printers, without physically connecting each computer with cables. Wi‐Fi Protected Access (WPA ) A subset of the IEEE 802.11i standard. WPA applies IEEE 802.1x and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) to authenticate wireless clients using an external RADIUS database. WPA encrypts data by using Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), Message Integrity Check (MIC) and IEEE 802.1x. See also WPA‐PSK (WPA ‐Pre‐Shared Key). Wi‐Fi MultiMedia (WMM) Part of the IEEE 802.11e QoS enhancement to the Wi‐Fi standard that ensures quality of service for multimedia applications in WLANs. Wireless Client Supplicants A wireless client supplicant is the software that runs on an operating system instructing the wireless client how to use WPA. WPA ‐Pre‐Shared Key (WPA‐PSK) WPA‐PSK requires a single (identical) password entered into each access point, wireless gateway and wireless client. As long as the passwords match, a client will be granted access to a WLAN. See also WPA. 80 WPA2 A wireless security standard that defines stronger encryption, authentication and key management than WPA. It includes two data encryption algorithms, Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) and Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) in the Counter mode with Cipher block chaining Message authentication Code Protocol (CCMP). See also WPA. Wireless Distribution System (WDS) A technology that enables access points to communicate with one another in order to extend the range of a WLAN. WDS is appearing in 802.11g‐based Access Points. 81 Appendix D – FCC Interference Statement Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures: ‐ Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. ‐ Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. ‐ Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. ‐ Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. IMPORTANT NOTE: FCC Radiation Exposure Statement: This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator & your body. This transmitter must not be co‐located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter. Copyright © 2011 ENGENIUS TECHNOLOGIES, INC., All rights reserved. 82 83