Cisco Catalyst Express 500 User guide

Catalyst Express 500 Series Switches
Configuration Example
Document ID: 70485
Contents
Introduction
Prerequisites
Requirements
Components Used
Conventions
Initial Switch Configuration
Smartports
Smartport Roles
Apply Smartport Roles to Ports
Restrictions
Apply a Smartports Role to a Single Port
Apply a Smartports Role to All Ports
Create / Delete VLANs
VLAN Types
Change VLAN Memberships
Configure EtherChannels
Configure InterVLAN Routing with a Cisco Router
Configure Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN)
Reset the Catalyst Express 500 Switch to Factory Default Settings
Verify
Troubleshoot
Related Information
Introduction
This document describes the procedure you use to configure Cisco Catalyst Express 500 series switches for
Smartport roles, VLANs, EtherChannels, Switch Port Analyzer (SPAN) and to perform interVLAN routing
with the Cisco Catalyst Express 500 series switch.
Prerequisites
Requirements
Cisco recommends that you have knowledge of these topics:
• EtherChannels
• InterVLAN routing
• SPAN
Configure the Cisco Catalyst 500 series switch with initial network settings as mentioned in the Initial Swicth
Configuration section of this document.
You can see the data sheet for the Cisco Catalyst 500 series switches to learn about the different models and
the supported features in Cisco Catalyst Express 500 Series Switches.
Components Used
The information in this document is based on these software and hardware versions:
• Cisco Catalyst Express 500G−12TC that runs Cisco IOS® Software Release 12.2(25)FY
• Cisco 2800 Router that supports IEEE 802.1Q Trunk Encapsulation.
• Cisco Catalyst 3750 switches that support 802.1Q Trunk Encapsulation.
The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment. All of the
devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, make sure
that you understand the potential impact of any command.
Conventions
Refer to Cisco Technical Tips Conventions for more information on document conventions.
Initial Switch Configuration
Complete these steps in order to perform initial setup of the switch. Refer to the Getting Started Guide for the
Catalyst Express 500 Switches for more information on the configuration procedure.
1. Make sure that nothing is connected to the switch.
2. Power the switch.
3. Wait for the SETUP LED to blink green.
4. Click Setup. A switch port LED begins to blink green.
5. When a switch port LED blinks green, connect your PC to that port.
The LAN adapter of this PC must be configured to get the IP address via DHCP. The LEDs on the PC
and the switchport blink green while the switch configures the connection (this takes around one
minute).
6. Open a web browser. Complete these steps if the browser does not pull up the GUI automatically:
a. Issue the ipconfig command in order to view the dynamic address allocation.
The switch configures its management address as the Default Gateway for the LAN adapter
card of the PC.
Note: For Cisco IOS Software FY series releases, the management IP address is 10.0.0.1. For
Cisco IOS Software SEG series releases, the IP address is 169.254.0.1.
b. From the browser, go to the mentioned IP address. For example, http://169.254.0.1.
7. Enter the Network Settings and Optional Settings (if required). Click Submit in order to save changes
and finish the basic configuration.
8. Enter the configured User Name and Password in order to continue the configuration of the switch.
9. For the Smartports dialog window:
♦ Click Yes and Submit in order to accept the predefined port roles. The Smartports window
appears. Here you can change the predefined roles or apply new port roles.
♦ Click No and Submit in order to apply the Smartports roles yourself.
10. Restart the switch without turning off the power.
The switch automatically reloads in 60 seconds. A counter displays the time that remains for the
reload.
11. Close the web browser and reconfigure the LAN adapter with an IP address within the same subnet of
the new management address of the switch.
12. When the switch comes up, open a web browser and go to
http://<CE500_Management_IP_Address> . For example, http://172.16.100.100.
Note: Once the initial configuration is complete, the switch can be managed through any switchport
that is configured for the same VLAN as that of the management IP address.
Smartports
Smartport Roles
The Smartports are preconfigured switch ports that provide preset Cisco recommended network
enhancements, Quality of Service (QoS) and security. Catalyst Express 500 series switches have a number of
Smartport roles. Each port role is just a configuration template. With these templates, users can consistently
and reliably configure essential security, availably, and QoS features with minimal effort and expertise.
Smartport roles simplify the configuration of critical features.
The port roles are based on the type of devices to be connected to the switch ports. For example, the Desktop
port role is specifically for the switch ports that are connected to desktop or laptop PCs.
Smartport Role
Desktop
Description
Apply this role to ports that are connected to
desktop devices, such as desktop PCs,
workstations, notebook PCs, and other
client−based hosts.
• Optimized for desktop connectivity
• Configurable VLAN setting
• Port security enabled to limit
unauthorized access to the network
Apply this role to ports that are connected to
other switches.
Switch
Router
• Configured as an uplink port to a
backbone switch for fast convergence
• Enables 802.1Q trunking
• Configurable native VLAN
Apply this role to ports that are connected to
WAN devices that connect to the Internet,
such as routers and Layer 3 switches with
routing service capabilities, firewalls, or VPN
Concentrators.
• Configured for optimal connection to
a router or firewall for WAN
connectivity
• Enables 802.1Q trunking
• Configurable native VLAN
IP
Phone+Desktop
Apply this role to ports that are connected to
IP phones.
A desktop device, such as a PC, can be
connected to the IP phone. Both the IP phone
and connected PC have access to the network
and the Internet through the switch port. This
role prioritizes voice traffic over data traffic to
ensure clear voice reception on the IP phones.
• Optimized QoS for IP Phone +
Desktop configurations
• Voice traffic is placed on
Cisco−Voice VLAN
• Configurable data VLAN
• QoS level assures Voice over IP
(VoIP) traffic takes precedence
• Port security enabled to limit
unauthorized access to the network
Apply this role on switch ports that connect to
non−Power over Ethernet (PoE) and
PoE−capable wireless access points (APs).
Connected to the AP are mobile devices, such
as wireless laptop PCs.
Access Point
• Configured for optimal connection to
a wireless access point
• Enables 802.1Q trunking
• Configurable native VLAN
Note: Functionality of Cisco Wireless
Bridges are more similar to that of a switch.
So, Cisco recommends the Switch smartport
role for Wireless Bridges.
Server
Apply this role to ports that are connected to
servers that provide network services, such as
Exchange servers, collaborative servers,
terminal servers, file servers, Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) servers, IP
private branch exchange (PBX) servers, and
so on. This role is for Gigabit or non−Gigabit
ports, based on the server type to be
connected.
• Configurable VLAN
• Port security enabled to limit
unauthorized access to the network
This role prioritizes server traffic as trusted,
critical, business, or standard, based on the
function of the server.
• TrustedFor use with Cisco
CallManager Express. The same QoS
setting as Voice (VoIP traffic is
prioritized).
• CriticalFor critical servers with
QoS set higher than the default.
• BusinessThe default setting. QoS is
higher than desktop Internet traffic.
• StandardFor servers set to the same
level as regular desktop Internet
traffic.
Apply this role on switch ports that connect to
a printer, such as a network printer or an
external print server. This role prevents
printer traffic from affecting voice and critical
data traffic.
Printer
• QoS settings for Printer are the same
as Desktop, Access Point, and
Standard Server
• Configurable VLAN
• Port security enabled to limit
unauthorized access to the network
Apply this role to ports that are connected to
desktop devices and to APs to provide guest
wireless access.
Guest
• Guests are allowed access to the
Internet, but not to the company
network.
• All guest ports are placed on the
Cisco−Guest VLAN.
• Port security enabled to limit
unauthorized access to the network.
Apply this role on switch ports if you do not
want to assign a specialized role on the port.
Other
This role can be used on connections to guest
or visitor devices, printers, desktops, servers,
and IP phones. It allows for flexible
connectivity of non−specified devices.
• Configurable VLAN
• No security policy
• No QoS policy
Diagnostic
Customers can connect diagnostics devices to
monitor traffic on other switches (can be
configured using Cisco Network Assistant
only).
Apply Smartport Roles to Ports
Use the Smartports window to apply port roles to the switch ports. Select Configure > Smartports from the
device manager menu to display this window. You can also click Smartports
from the device
manager tool bar.
From the Smartports window, you can see which Smartports role is applied to each port. Move the pointer
over a port to display its port number, Smartports role, and VLAN ID (VLAN membership).
Before you use Smartports, decide which switch port you intent to connect to which device type. You can
apply a Smartports role to a specific port or to all ports on the switch.
Restrictions
• We recommend that you do not change specific port settings after you enable a Smartports role on a
port. Any port setting changes can alter the effectiveness of the Smartports role.
• Do not apply the Desktop role to ports that are connected to switches, routers, or APs.
• The Smartport role Switch automatically enables 802.1Q trunking on the port. If a remote switch does
not support 802.1Q trunking or the trunking is manually turned off, the spanning tree state of the port
on the remote switch goes to blocking for type inconsistency. If the remote switch is the root bridge,
the switch port does not go to blocking mode. In this case, the switch port trunk status is ON at both
ends of the switches, but there is not any communication between the switches through these ports.
There are no diagnostic messages displayed on the Catalyst Express 500 device.
Output from Remote Switch
%SPANTREE−7−RECV_1Q_NON_TRUNK: Received 802.1Q BPDU on non trunk GigabitEthernet2/0/
%SPANTREE−7−BLOCK_PORT_TYPE: Blocking GigabitEthernet2/0/1 on VLAN0002. Inconsistent
%LINEPROTO−5−UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Vlan2, changed state to down
Switch2#show spanning−tree vlan 2
VLAN0002
Spanning tree enabled protocol ieee
Root ID
Priority
32770
Address
0012.01c7.7c80
This bridge is the root
Hello Time
2 sec Max Age 20 sec
Bridge ID
Forward Delay 15 sec
Priority
32770 (priority 32768 sys−id−ext 2)
Address
0012.01c7.7c80
Hello Time
2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec
Aging Time 300
Interface
Role Sts Cost
Prio.Nbr Type
−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−− −−−− −−− −−−−−−−−− −−−−−−−− −−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−
Gi2/0/1
Desg BKN*4
128.53
P2p *TYPE_Inc
• The Smartport role Router automatically enables 802.1Q trunking on the port. If the main interface of
the remote router is used, make sure the interface of the router is part of the native VLAN of the
switch port. The interface of the router can be sub−interfaced to provide interVLAN routing for the
Cisco Catalyst Express 500 switch. See the Configure InterVLAN Routing with a Cisco Router
section of this document for configuration details.
• You should have an additional VLAN named Cisco−Voice (case sensitive) to apply the IP
Phone+Desktop Smartport role to the ports.
• You should have an additional VLAN named Cisco−Guest (case sensitive) to apply the Guest
Smartport role to the ports.
• Do not apply the Other role to the ports that are connected to a sniffer or intrusion detection system
devices.
Apply a Smartports Role to a Single Port
Complete these steps to apply a Smartports role to a specific port:
1. Choose a Smartports role from the Select a port role list.
2. Click on the port. The icon for the selected Smartports role appears on the port.
3. Click Submit to save your changes.
Complete these steps to remove the Smartports role applied to a port:
1. Choose Other from the Select a port role list.
2. Click on the port. The Other icon appears on the port.
3. Click Submit to save your changes.
Apply a Smartports Role to All Ports
Complete these steps to apply the selected Smartports role to all ports:
1. Choose a Smartports role from the Select a port role list.
2. Check Apply the selected port role to all ports. The icon for the selected Smartports role appears on
the ports.
3. Complete these steps for any port(s) that should not be applied with the selected port role:
a. Choose another Smartports role from the Select a port role list.
b. Click on the port. The icon for the selected Smartports role appears on the port.
4. Click Submit to save your changes.
Complete these steps to remove the Smartports role applied to all ports:
1. Choose Other from the Select a port role list.
2. Check Apply the selected port role for all ports. The Other icon appears on the ports.
3. Click Submit to save your changes.
Create / Delete VLANs
VLAN Types
The switch ships with a default VLAN to which all the switch ports initially belong. The switch supports a
maximum of 32 VLANs, including the default VLAN. Using only the default VLAN might be sufficient
based on the size and requirements of your network. We recommend that you first determine your VLAN
needs before you create VLANs.
Note: Cisco Catalyst 500 series switches work in VTP Transparent mode. VLAN creation, modification, or
deletion done on this switch does not affect the other switches in the domain.
This depends on the type of device that is connected to the switch port:
• A switch port applied with one of these port roles can belong only to an access VLAN:
♦ Desktop
♦ IP Phone+Desktop
♦ Printer
♦ Server
♦ Guest
♦ Other
The access VLAN provides the attached device with the specific access designed for that VLAN.
• A switch port applied with one of these port roles can send and receive traffic for all VLANs
configured on the switch, one of which can be identified as a native VLAN:
♦ Switch
♦ Router
♦ Access Point
On this port, any traffic that is received or sent without the VLAN explicitly identified is assumed to
belong to the native VLAN. Both the switch port and the attached device port must be in the same
native VLAN.
Note: Select Configure > Smartports > Customize on the Device Manager to see the Port roles and
associated VLANs.
If your network requires that you segregate either or both voice and guest traffic, you need to create additional
VLANs. If you create additional VLANs on the switch where you have IP Phone+Desktop and Voice
Smartports, you must also create these VLANs:
• Cisco−GuestThe VLAN to which all ports that are applied with the Guest port role must be
assigned. This VLAN ensures that all guest and visitor traffic is segregated from the rest of your
network traffic and resources. Ports with Guest Smartport roles should be assigned to this VLAN.
• Cisco−VoiceThe VLAN to which all ports that are applied with the IP Phone+Desktop port role
must be assigned. This VLAN ensures that all voice traffic has better QoS and is not mixed with data
traffic. The voice VLAN of ports with IP Phone+Desktop Smartport roles should be assigned to this
VLAN.
Use the VLANs window to create and delete VLANs. Select Configure > VLANs from the Device Manager
menu to display this window.
Complete these steps to create a VLAN:
1. Click Create on the VLANs window.
2. Enter the name and ID for the VLAN.
3. Click Done.
4. Repeat steps 1 through 3 until you create the necessary VLANs.
5. Click Submit to save the changes.
Note: If you have any ports with the IP Phone+Desktop role, you must create the Cisco−Voice
VLAN. If you have any ports with the Guest port role, you must create the Cisco−Guest VLAN. If
you create VLANs without Cisco−Voice and Cisco−Guest VLANs and you click Submit, this error
message appears.
Complete these steps to delete VLAN(s):
1. Check the check box at the top of the Delete column to select all VLANs or check the check box for
one or more specific VLANs.
2. Click Submit to save your changes. Click OK in the Delete VLAN confirmation pop−up window.
Change VLAN Memberships
Specific VLAN memberships can be changed for the ports part of these Smartport roles:
• Native VLANSwitch, Router, and Access Point
• Access VLANDesktop, IP Phone+Desktop, Server, Printer, Guest, and Other
Note: Access VLAN for the Guest role should be Cisco−Guest VLAN.
• Voice VLANIP Phone+Desktop. Voice VLAN should be only the Cisco−Voice VLAN.
Use the Smartports Customize window to assign ports to VLANs. Select Configure > Smartports from the
Device Manager menu to display this window.
1. Click Customize on the Smartports window.
2. Choose appropriate VLAN(s) for each port.
3. Click Done.
4. Click Submit to save your changes.
Configure EtherChannels
An EtherChannel is a group of two or more Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet switch ports bundled into a
single logical link that create a higher bandwidth link between two switches. The switch supports up to six
EtherChannels.
All ports in an EtherChannel must have the same characteristics:
• All ports are either 10/100 ports or all 10/100/1000 ports. You cannot group a mix of 10/100 and
10/100/1000 ports in an EtherChannel.
• All ports have the same speed and duplex mode settings.
• All ports are applied with the Smartports Switch port role and belong to the same VLAN.
Complete these steps to create EtherChannels between a Cisco Catalyst Express 500 and another switch:
1. From the Device Manager of the Cisco Catalyst Express 500 switch, select Configure >
EtherChannels to display the EtherChannels window.
2. Click Create.
3. Enter the Channel Group ID.
4. Choose the Channel Protocol (mode) for the Mode list.
Note: The Catalyst Express 500 switch supports two modes called LACP and Static. Configure the
remote switch according to the mode you have chosen.
5. Click on the checkboxes against the ports which should be part of the channel.
6. Click Done and click Submit to save your changes.
7. If you have chosen LACP protocol to negotiate the channel, then configure the remote switch as this
output shows:
Switch1(config)#interface gi1/0/1
Switch1(config−if)#channel−group 1 mode active
Switch1(config−if)#interface gi1/0/2
Switch1(config−if)#channel−group 1 mode active
If you choose to configure the channel statically, then configure the remote switch as this output
shows:
Switch1(config)#interface gi1/0/1
Switch1(config−if)#channel−group 1 mode on
Switch1(config−if)#interface gi1/0/2
Switch1(config−if)#channel−group 1 mode on
Verify
Open the Configure > EtherChannels window to verify the status of the EtherChannel created. The status
should be displayed as 'In Use'. Otherwise, you can run diagnostics on the ports to determine the problem.
Issue the show etherchannel summary command in the Cisco 3750 switch to verify the status of the
EtherChannel configuration. The Protocol field in the output displays LACP if it is used to negotiate the
channel, blank or otherwise.
Switch#show
Flags: D −
I −
H −
R −
U −
u −
w −
d −
etherchannel summary
down
P − in port−channel
stand−alone s − suspended
Hot−standby (LACP only)
Layer3
S − Layer2
in use
f − failed to allocate aggregator
unsuitable for bundling
waiting to be aggregated
default port
Number of channel−groups in use: 1
Number of aggregators:
1
Group Port−channel Protocol
Ports
−−−−−−+−−−−−−−−−−−−−+−−−−−−−−−−−+−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−
1
Po1(SU)
LACP
Gi1/0/1(P) Gi1/0/2(P)
You can also see the Catalyst 500 switch log from Monitor > Alert Log on the Device Manager. This
example shows the EtherChannel error message due to the EtherChannel misconfiguration on the remote
switch.
Configure InterVLAN Routing with a Cisco Router
Network Diagram
Note: The sample configuration makes use of the Cisco 2800 series router. This can be replaced with any
Cisco router that supports IEEE 802.1Q trunking.
Complete these steps to configure interVLAN routing with a Cisco router:
1. Complete these steps to configure the Cisco Catalyst Express 500 switch:
a. Apply the Desktop Smartport role to ports Gig2 and Gig4. See the Apply Smartport Roles to
Ports section of this document for the configuration procedure.
b. Apply the Router Smartport role to port Gig5.
c. Apply the appropriate VLAN IDs to the ports.
◊ Assign VLAN 1 as the access VLAN for the port Gig2.
◊ Assign VLAN 2 as the access VLAN for the port Gig4.
◊ Assign VLAN 1 as the native VLAN for port Gig5.
See the Change VLAN Memberships section of this document for the configuration
procedure.
2. Configure the Cisco 2800 series router:
Router(config)#interface GigabitEthernet0/1.1
Router(config−subif)#encapsulation dot1Q 1 native
Router(config−subif)#ip address 10.66.84.16 255.255.255.128
Router(config−subif)#interface GigabitEthernet0/1.2
Router(config−subif)#encapsulation dot1Q 2
Router(config−subif)#ip address 10.66.84.130 255.255.255.128
Verify
Select Monitor > Port Status on the Device Manager to see the switch port trunk status on the Catalyst
Express 500 switch.
Verify if the ping from Workstation 1 to Workstation 2 passes.
C:\>ping 10.66.84.131
Pinging 10.66.84.131 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply
Reply
Reply
Reply
from
from
from
from
10.66.84.131:
10.66.84.131:
10.66.84.131:
10.66.84.131:
bytes=32
bytes=32
bytes=32
bytes=32
time<10ms
time<10ms
time<10ms
time<10ms
TTL=128
TTL=128
TTL=128
TTL=128
Ping statistics for 10.66.84.131:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli−seconds:
Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 0ms, Average = 0ms
Run a trace to verify the path taken to communicate between Workstation 1 and Workstation 2.
C:\>tracert 10.66.84.131
Tracing route to 10.66.84.131 over a maximum of 30 hops
1
2
<10 ms
<10 ms
<10 ms
<10 ms
<10 ms
<10 ms
10.66.84.16
10.66.84.131
Trace complete.
Configure Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN)
The Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN) feature, which is sometimes called port mirroring or port monitoring,
selects network traffic for analysis by a network analyzer. The network analyzer can be a Cisco SwitchProbe
device or other Remote Monitoring (RMON) probe. The switch supports only the Local SPAN and does not
support Remote SPAN.
The destination port should be configured with the Diagnostics Smartport role. This can only be done using
the Cisco Network Assistant software. Refer to SPAN on Catalyst Express 500 for configuring the Catalyst
Express 500 switch to monitor traffic.
Reset the Catalyst Express 500 Switch to Factory Default
Settings
If you have connectivity to the Device Manager of the switch and you want to reset the switch to factory
default settings and retain the current Cisco IOS system software, refer to the Reset the Switch Using the
Device Manager section of Reset the Catalyst Express 500 Series Switches to Default Factory Settings.
If you do not have connectivity to the Device Manager of the switch and you want to reset the switch to the
factory default, refer to the Reset the Switch When the Device Manager Is Not Available section of Reset the
Catalyst Express 500 Series Switches to Default Factory Settings.
Refer to the Recover the Switch Software section of User Guide for the Catalyst Express 500 Switches −
Troubleshooting for more information on the recovery procedure.
Verify
There is currently no verification procedure available for this configuration.
Troubleshoot
There is currently no specific troubleshooting information available for this configuration.
Related Information
• Getting Started Guide for the Catalyst Express 500 Switches
• User Guide for the Catalyst Express 500 Switches
• Understanding EtherChannel Load Balancing and Redundancy on Catalyst Switches
• Configuring InterVLAN Routing and ISL/802.1Q Trunking on a Catalyst
2900XL/3500XL/2950 Switch Using an External Router
• Switches Product Support
• LAN Switching Technology Support
• Technical Support & Documentation − Cisco Systems
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Updated: Jun 13, 2008
Document ID: 70485