Chevrolet 2003 Malibu Specifications

The 2003 Chevrolet Malibu Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ...........................
FrontSeats
...............................................
Rear
Seats
...............................................
Safety Belts ..............................................
Child Restraints
.......................................
SupplementalRestraintSystem(SRS)
.........
Restraint
System
Check
............................
Features and Controls .....................................
Keys ........................................................
Doors and Locks
.......................................
Windows .................................................
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................
Starting andOperatingYour
Vehicle
...........
Mirrors ....................................................
Storage
Areas
.........................................
S!Jr?rnef ..................................................
Instrument Pane[ .............................................
Instrument Panel Overview ..........................
ClimateControls
......................................
Warning Lights, Gagesand Indicators .........
A t Idin Cttctnm/c-\
nu
IW
UY=GIII\J~
.......................................
1-1
I -2
1-6
I -7
1-31
1-53
1-60
2-1
2-2
2-8
2-15
2-17
2-18
2-30
2-32
L
r)
vu
99
3-1
3-2
3-1 8
3-23
3-38
Driving Your Vehicle .......................................
4-1
Your Driving. the Road. and Your Vehicle
..... 4-2
Towing
...................................................
4-29
Service and Appearance Care ..........................
5-1
Sewice .....................................................
5-3
Fuel .........................................................
5-5
CheckingThingsUnder
the Hood ............... 5-10
Bulb Replacement
....................................
5-45
Windshield WiperBladeReplacement
......... 5-51
Tires
...................................................... 5-52
Appearance
Care
..................................... 5-72
Vehicle Identification .................................
5-80
Ekctrical System ......................................
5-81
Capacities and Specifications .....................
5-87
NormalMaintenanceReplacement
Parts ...... 5-88
Maintenance Schedule .....................................
6-1
bhintenance Schedule ................................
6-2
Customer Assistance Information ....................
7-1
Customer Assistance Information .................. 7-2
index ................................................................. i
Canadian Owners
You can obtain a French copy of this manual from your
dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem and the name
MALIBU are registered trademarks of General Motors
Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division whenever
it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the
new owner can use it.
Litho in U S A .
Part No. 22691530 A First Edition
ii
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle.
If you do this, it will help you learn about the features
and controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll
find that pictures and words work together to explain
things.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of what’s
in the manual, and the page number where you’ll find it.
General
‘Copyright
Motors
06/03/02
Corporation
Reserved
A11 Rights
‘
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,’’
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t let
this happen.”
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
I
These mean there is something that could hurt
you orotherpeople.
I
I
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t,
you or others could be hurt.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle may be equipped with components and
labels that use symbolsinstead of text. Symbols, used on
your vehicle, are shown alongwith the text describing the
operation or information relating to a specific component,
control, message, gageor indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice will tell you about something that can damage
your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your warranty, and it could be costly.
But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid
the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in different
words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator reference the following
topics in the Index:
0
“Engine Compartment Overview”
0
“Instrument Panel Overview”
0
“Climate Controls”
0
“Audio Systems”
Also see Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators on
page 3-23.
iv
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
LATCH BOTH LAP AND
SHOULDER BELTSTO
PROTECT
OCCUPANT
DO NOT TWISTSAFETY
BELT WHEN A-TTACHING
C
*
TURN
SIGNALS
PROTECT
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
MOVE SEAT
FULLY
REARWARD+
SECURE
CHILD SEAT
4CID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
u,
-
LIGHTING
MASTER
SWITCH /
\$!%
DO NOT INSTALL
A REAR-FACING
CHILD RESTRAINT
IN THIS SEATING
POSITION
/
z
LAMPS
\
@G
Pf
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
BRAKE
COOLANT
PULL BELT
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BAlTERY
COMPLETELY
THEN SECURE
CHILD SEAT
'lib
-1
DO NOT INSTALL A
FORWARD-FACING
CHILD RESTRAINT
IN THIS SEATING
POSITION
1
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
ENGINE
COOLANT
FAN
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
(@)
d
ENGINE OIL
PRESSUREW
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
FUEL
fmj
b
t ! J
OWNER'S
MANUAL
SERVICE
SERVICE
MANUAL
V
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-2
Manual Seats ................................................ 1.2
Six-Way Power Driver Seat .............................. 1-3
Reclining Seatbacks ........................................ 1-4
Head Restraints ............................................. 1-5
Rear Seats ....................................................... 1.6
Rear Seat Operation ....................................... 1-6
Safety Belts ..................................................... 1-7
.................1-7
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......1-11
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-12
Driver Position .............................................. 1-13
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-21
Right Front Passenger Position ....................... 1-22
Rear Seat Passengers .................................. 1-22
Center Rear Passenger Position ..................... 1-26
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults .......................... 1-28
n - l r r . . r - - ~ - ..
4 qn
3 C l l C L Y Del1 L A l W IUCl .....................................
I -Ju
Child Restraints ............................................. 1-31
Older Children .............................................. 1-31
Infants and Young Children ............................ 1-34
Child Restraint Systems ................................. 1-37
Where to Put the Restraint ............................. 1-40
Top Strap .................................................... 1-41
P-L-A.,
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................. 1-42
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ........................... 1-43
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the
LATCH System .........................................1-45
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside
Seat Position ............................................ 1-45
Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Rear
Seat Position ............................................ 1-48
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position ............................................ 1-50
Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) ............................................. 1-53
Where Are the Air Bags? ............................... 1-55
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? .................... 1-57
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? ..................... 1-57
How Does an Air Bag
Restrain? ..................... 1-57
What Will You See After an
Air Bag Inflates? ....................................... 1-58
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 1-59
Restraint System Check .................................. 1-60
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................1-60
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ............................................ 1-60
1-1
Front Seats
Manual Seats
You can lose contrc If the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle
is moving. The sudden movement could startle
and confuse you, or make you push a pedal
when you don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s
seat only when the vehicle is not moving.
1
Lift the bar located under the front of the seat to unlock
it. Slide the seat to where you want it and release
the bar. Try to move the seat with your body to be sure
the seat is locked in place.
1-2
Six-Way Power Driver Seat
To adjust the power seat, do the following:
0
Move the seat forward or rearward by pushing the
control toward the front or back of the vehicle.
Raise or lower the entire seat cushion by holding
the control up or down.
Raise or lower the front of the seat cushion by
holding the front of the control up or down.
0
Raise or lower the rear of the seat cushion by
holding the rear of the control up or down.
If your vehicle has this feature, the power seat control is
located on the outboard side of the driver’s seat.
1-3
Reclining Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback, lift the lever located on the
outboard side of the seat and move the seatback
to where you want it. Release the lever to lock the
seatback. Pull up on the lever without pushing on the
seatback, and the seatback will go to an upright position.
1-4
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
Head Restraints
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can’t do their job
when you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go intoit,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do it’s job either. In a crash
the belt couldgo up over your abdomen.
The belt forces would be there, notat your
pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicleis in
motion, have the seatback upright. Thensit
.wets
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properly.
1-5
Rear Seats
Rear Seat Operation
Folding the Seatback
Your vehicle may have a split folding rear seatback.
To fold down the rear seatback, do the following:
1. Open the trunk and pull one or both of the tethers
located on the driver’s side of the trunk. The left
tether will open the larger side of the seatback.
The right tether will open the smaller side of
the seatback.
1 -6
2. Once a tether is pulled, the seatback can be
pushed open through the trunk, or pulled open
from inside the vehicle.
To close the split folding rear seatback, push the
seatback up until you hear a click. Then pull on the
seatback to make sure it is secure.
Safety Belts
SafetyBelts:They
re forEveryone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
let ,.iyone ride where he or she can’t
,nt’
wear a safety belt properly. If you arein a
crash and you’re not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
things inside the vehicle or be ejected fromit.
You can be seriously injured or killed. Inthe
same crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
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It is extremely c,.lge. ,us to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed.Do not
allow people to ridein any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicleis in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up.
See Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-26.
-.._
IJCSL~ QIG
fastened properly too.
1-7
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never kvow if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have
a crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up, a person wouldn’t survive,
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and som’etimeswalk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up
does matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-8
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
c
1-9
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be - whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not, But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater
if you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
A: Air bags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety beits - not insteaa oi tnem. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has
air bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and othrr collisions.
1-11
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A: You may bean excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident - even onethat isn’t yourfault - you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a gooddriver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your control,
such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
1-12
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-31
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-34. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see Manual Seats on page 1-2 or Six- Way
Power Driver Seat on page 1-3.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
vr
across you very quickiy. I I ulls rlappe~
IS, 1e111 le ueI1
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
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-11
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
1-13
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle
the belt,
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-30.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-14
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull ‘up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, justtouching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strongpelvic bones. Andyou’d be less likely
to slide under thelap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen.
This couldcause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulderand across thechest. These parts of
the body are best able totake belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-15
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is righ,t for you.
To move it down, squeeze the release button and move
the height adjuster to the desired position. You can
move the adjuster up just by pushing on the shoulder
belt guide. After you move the adjuster to where
you want it, try to move it down without squeezing the
release button to make sure it has locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the
belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should
be away from your face and neck, but not falling off
your shoulder.
1-16
Q: What’s wrong with this?
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as mucn protection this way.
1-17
Q: What’s wrong with this?
1
1
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-18
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over yourabdomen.
The belt forces would be there, notat the
pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
Q: What's wrong with this?
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would movetoo far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which aren't as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
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1-19
Q: What’s wrong with this?
You can be se usly injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of
the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
1-20
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Refore y 0 1clnse
~
the dnnr, he s ~ ~ the
r e he!t is nlrt n f
the way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and yourvehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-21
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-13.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the
same way as the driver’s safety belt - except for one
thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out
all the way, you will engage the child restraint locking
feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all
the way and start again.
1-22
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the
rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t
safety belted can bethrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in
the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
n
Lap-Shoulder Belt
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
In+,,h
IULW
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the
belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
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Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 7-30.Make sure the release
button on the buckle is positioned so you would be
abie to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you
ever had to.
1-23
1
t
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
1-24
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug
on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less
likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply forceat your abdomen. This could cause
serious or evenfatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts
of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-25
Center Rear Passenger Position
Lap Belt
U
When you sit in the center seating position, you have a
lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the
belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
1-26
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown
until the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long
enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page 1-30.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt
quickly if you ever had to.
1-27
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Your vehicle may have this feature already. If it doesn’t,
you can get it from any GM dealer.
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for small adults. When installed on
a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions
the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide available for each outside passenger
position in the rear seat. To provide added safety belt
comfort for children who have outgrown child restraints
and booster seats and for smaller adults, the comfort
guides may be installed on the shoulder belts. Here’s
how to install a comfort guide and use the safety belt:
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
1-28
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Pull the guide upward to expose its storage
clip, and then slide the guide onto the clip. Turn the
guide and clip inward and in between the seatback and
the inte’rior body, leaving only the loop of the elastic
cord exposed.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 7-22.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder.
1-30
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your dealer
will order you an extender. It’s free. When you
go in to
order it,take the heaviest coat youwill wear, so the
extender will belong enough for you. The extender will be
just for you, andjust for the seatin your vehicle that you
choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it only
for
the seatit ismade to fit. To wear it,just attach it to the
regular safety belt.
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the chiiu can wear a iap-shouider belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
1-31
Neve. Jo 1
3.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two childrencan be
crushed together and seriously injured.A belt
must be used by only one personat a time.
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulderbelt,
but the childis so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A: Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper
body would have the restraint that belts provide.
I f the child is sitting in a rear seat outside position,
see “Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” in the
Index.
If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child’s face or neck, you might
want to place the child in the center seat position,
the one that has only a lap belt.
1-32
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-33
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
I
People shou,, never hold a baby il, &,ieirarms
while riding in a vehicle.A baby doesn’t weigh
much until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
--
CAUTION:
(Continued)
1-34
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
N:
restraints?
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight, height
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint, state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
1-36
F
Newborn infants need complete support,
including supportfor the head andneck.
This is necessary because a newborn infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighsso much
compared with the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing seat settles into
the restraint, so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest partof an
infant’s body, the back and shoulders.
Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
The body structure of‘a young child isqwl,e
unlike that ofan adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that thevehickc’s
regular safety belt may not remainlow on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash,
the belt would apply force on a bodyarea
that’s unprotected by any bony structure.
This alone could cause serious or fatal
injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
rlOtOi’ -“&licie, is ai] ii7fai-,t i-estrainiSysieln
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-37
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating,surface against the back of the infant.
The harness system holds the infant in place and,
in a crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in.
the restraint.
1-38
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner,
ar~dSGi-he Fiyh-GaCk 0owsie1seais ilave a Five-point
harness. A booster seat can also help a child to see
out the window.
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have
used the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system,the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system hastwo shoulder straps, two hip straps and a
crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulderstraps that
are aiiacirea io a iiai paa wnicn rests iow againsrrne
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up orto the side.
1-39
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured
within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal
injury. When securing an add-on child restraint, refer
to the instructions that come with the restraint which may
be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and
to this manual. The child restraint instructions are
important, so if they are not available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in a rear seat, including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint
in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
I
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in
a rear seat.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
1-40
Top Strap
You may secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat, but before you
do, always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It's better to secure the
child restraint in a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle - even when no
child is in it.
Some child restraintshave a top strap, or "toptether".
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must beproperly anchored to
the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints are
designed for use with or without the top strap being
anchored. Others require the top strapalways tobe
anchored. Be sure to read and follow theinstructions for
your child restraint. If yours requiresthat the top strap be
anchored, don't use the restraint unless it is anchored
properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
1-41
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready
to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
Top Strap Anchor Location
Your vehicle has top strap anchors already installed for
the rear seating positions. You’ll find them behind
the rear seat on the filler panel.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
top strap, it should be anchored.
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on
the same side of the vehicle as the seating position
where the child restraint will be placed.
1-42
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You'll find
anchors (A) in the rear outside seat positions.
To assist you in locating the lower anchors for this
child restraint system, each seating position with the
LATCH system will have a label applied to the seatback
at each anchor position.
I
I
The labels are located
near the base of the
two rear outside seating
positions.
In order to use the system, you need either a
forward-facing child restraint that has attaching
points (B) at its base and a top tether anchor (C), or a
rear-king cniia restrain1Tnar nas attacnlng points (b),
as shown here.
1-43
If a LATCH-type child restraint isn’t attached to
its anchorage points, the restraint won’t be
able to protect a child sitting there. In a crash,
the child could be seriously injured or killed.
Make sure that a LATCH-type child restraintis
properly installed using the anchorage points,
or use the vehicle’s safety belts
to secure the
restraint. See “Securing a Child Restraint
Designed for theLATCH system” or “Securing
a Child Restraint in a Rear Seat Position’’ in
the Index for information on how to secure a
child restraint in your vehicle.
With this system, use the LATCH system instead of the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure a child restraint.
1-44
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
1. Find the anchors for the seating position you want
to use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the
back of the seat cushion.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach the anchor points on the child restraint
to the anchors in the vehicle. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach the top
strap to the top strap anchor. See Top Strap on
page 1-41. Tighten the top strap according to
the child restraint instructions.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
strap from the top tether anchorand then disconnect the
anchor points.
U
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-43.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier
part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when
and as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-45
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
1-46
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt
while you push down on the child restraint. If
you’re using a forward-facing child restraint, you
may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on
the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-47
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Center Rear Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came withthe child restraint. Secure the
child inthe child restraint when and as the instructions
say. See Top Strap on page 1-41 if the child restraint
has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
1-48
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5 . To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you’re using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it helpful
to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or
larger child passenger.
1-49
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See Top Strap on
page 1-41, if the child restraint has one. Be sure to
follow the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger
air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See Manual Seats on page 1-2.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag.
Never put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat.
Here’s why:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in a
rear seat.
1-50
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into
the retractor while you push down on the child
restraint. You may find it helpful to use your knee to
push down on the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-52
Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS)
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag s em
This part explains the Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS)or air bag system.
Your vehicle has air bags - one air bag for the driver
and another air bag for the right front passenger.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating air bag. But these
air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job
and comply with federal regulations.
in a crash
You can be severely injured or killed
if you aren’t wearing your safety belt
even if
you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected
from it. Air bags are designed to work with
safety belts, but don’t replace
them. Air bags
are designed to work only in moderate to severe
hits
crashes where the front of your vehicle
something. They aren’t designed
to inflate at all
in rollover, rear or low-speed frontal crashes,
or in many side crashes.
And, for some
unrestrained occupants, air bags may provide
less protection in frontal crashes than more
forceful air bags have provided
in the past.
Everyone in your vehicle shouldwear a safety
belt properly -whether or not there’s an air
bag for that person.
I
1-53
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than
the blink of aneye. If you’re too closeto an
inflating air bag, as you would be if you were
leaning forward, it could seriously injure you.
Safety belts help keep you in position before
and during a crash. Alwayswear your safety
belt, even with air bags. The driver shouldsit
as far back as possible while still maintaining
control of the vehicle.
1-54
Anyone who is up against, or very closeto,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults, but
not for young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air bag
system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle.To read how,
see the parts of this manual called “Older
Children” and “Infants and Young Children”.
There is a air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows the air bag symbol.
Where Are the Air Bags?
I
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-27.
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering
vvi-teei.
1-55
something is !tween
an occupant andan
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly orit
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even
death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept
clear. Don’t put
anything betweenan occupant andan air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the steering
wheel hub or on near
or anyother air bag
covering.
I
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
1-56
When Should an Air Bag Inflate?
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate?
An air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crashes. The airbag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level”.
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag
sensing system detects that the vehicle is in a crash.
The sensing system triggers a release of gas from
the inflator, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air
bag and related hardware are all part of the air bag
modules inside the steering wheel and in the instrument
panel in front of the right front passenger.
If your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn’t
move or deform, the threshold level is about 9 to 14 mph
(14 to 23 km/h). The thresholdlevel can vary, however,
with specific vehicle design,so that it can be somewhat
above or below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level
will be higher. The air bag is not designed to inflate in
rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts because
inflation would not help the occupant.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
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and how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal and
near-frontal impacts.
How Does an Air Bag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel
or the instrument panel. Air bags supplement the
protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute
the force of the impact more evenly over the occupant’s
upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually.
But air bags would not help you in many types of
collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts and many
side Implrts, p!-im2!-i!y !29C‘”SP 2!? Ecups!?,’S m9tIon IC,
not toward those air bags. Air bags should never be
regarded as anything more than a supplement to safety
belts, and then only in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal collisions.
1-57
What Will You See After an
Air Bag Inflates?
After an air baginflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly that
some people may not even realize the air bag inflated.
Some components of the air bag module -the steering
wheel hub forthe driver’s air bag or the instrument panel
for the right front passenger’s bag -will be hotfor a
short time. The parts of the bag that come into contact
with you may be warm,but not too hot to touch. There will
be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the
deflated air bags. Airbag inflation doesn’t prevent the
driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle,
nor does it stop people from lea\ . 2 the vehicle.
Whenanair bag
tes, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-58
safe to do so. 1. ;ou have breathing problems
but can’t get out of the vehicle after an air bag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door.
~~
~
~
~~
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for
your air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air
bag system won’t be there to help protect you
in another crash. A new system will include air bag
modules and possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace
other parts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information
about the air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system,
when the system commands air bag inflation and
driver's safety belt usage at deployment.
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
system. Improper service can mean that your air
bag system won't work properly. See your dealer for
service.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There air bag system parts in several places around
your vehicle. You don't want the system to inflate while
someone is working on your vehicle. Your dealer
and the service manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and the air bag system. To purchase a
service manual, see Service Publications Ordering
Information on page 7-10.
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver's
or the right front passenger's bag,
air the bag may
not work properly.You may haveto replace the air
bag modulein the steering wheel or both the air bag
I
module and the instrument panel for right
the front
is
passenger's air bag.Do not open or break the air bag For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key
coverings.
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
air bag can still inflate during improper service.
You can be injuredif you are closeto anair bag
when it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They
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to follow proper service procedures, and make
sure the person performing work for you is
qualified to doso.
Air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-59
Restraint System Check
Replacing Restraint System Parts
Aft aCrash
I
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-60
I
A crash can damage the restraint systemsin
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system
it,
may not properly protect the person using
resulting in serious injury or evendeath in a
crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH
system parts?
After a very minor collision,nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn If an
duringamoreseverecrash, then youneednew parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If your seat adjuster won’t work after a crash, the
special part of the safety belt that goes through the
seat to the adjuster may need to be replaced.
air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) on page 1-53.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the
belt or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time of
the collision.
1-61
1-62
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ............................................................... 2-2
Remote Keyless Entry System ......................... 2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........2-5
Doors and Locks ............................................. 2-8
Door Locks .................................................... 2-8
Power Door Locks .......................................... 2-9
Door Ajar Reminder ........................................ 2-9
Delayed Locking ............................................. 2-9
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ..............2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 2 - 1 1
Lockout Protection ........................................ 2-12
Leaving Your Vehicle .................................... 2-12
Trunk .......................................................... 2-12
Windows ........................................................ 2-15
Manual Windows .......................................... 2-16
Power Windows ............................................ 2-16
Sun Visors ................................................... 2-16
Theft-Deterrent
- Systems .................................. 2-17
- .Passlock” ................................................... 2 - 1 1
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ............... 2-18
New Vehicle Break-In .................................... 2-18
Ignition Positions .......................................... 2-18
Starting Your Engine ..................................... 2.19
Engine Coolant Heater .................................. 2.20
Automatic Transaxle Operation ....................... 2.22
Parking Brake .............................................. 2.25
Shifting Into Park (P) ..................................... 2-25
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................. 2-27
Parking Over Things That Burn ....................... 2-28
Engine Exhaust ............................................ 2-28
Running Your EngineWhile You Are Parked .......2-29
Mirrors ........................................................... 2.30
Manual Rearview Mirror ................................. 2-30
Outside Remote Control Mirrors ...................... 2.30
Outside Power Mirrors ................................... 2.31
Outside Convex Mirror ................................... 2-31
Storage Areas ............................................... -2-32
Glove Box ................................................... 2.32
Cupholder(s) ................................................ 2.32
Center Console Storage Area ......................... 2.32
n 3r)
u a t I I ~ C I l nuum
i
............................................
Sunroof ......................................................... 2.33
I I - _ I _ _
r)
L-UL
2-1
Keys
Leaving cnlldren in a vehicle with the - lition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
Don't leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
2-2
One key is used for the
ignition and all other locks.
Each tag has a key code on it that tells your dealer or a
qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep the
tag in a safe place. If you lose your keys, you’ll be able
to have one made easily using this tag. If you need
a new key, go to your dealer for the correct key code.
See Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-5 for
more information.
Notice: Your vehicle has a number of new features
that can help prevent theft. You can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever
lock your keys inside. You may even have to
damage your vehicle to get in. So be sure you
have spare keys.
When a new vehicle is delivered, the key has a
bar-coded key tag. This tag may be removed by your
dealer before it is delivered.
2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System
If equipped, the keyless entry system operates on a
radio frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-4
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-5.
If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
& (Unlock): The driver's door will unlock
automatically when this button on the transmitter is
pressed. If the button is pressed again within five
seconds, all remaining doors will unlock. The interior
lamps will stay on for 10 seconds or until the ignition is
turned on. The parking lamps will flash twice to
indicate unlocking has occurred.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
(Remote Trunk Release): The trunk will unlock
when thevehicle symbol on the transmitter is pressed, as
long as the trunk lockout is not engaged. You can open
the trunk withthe transmitter when the vehicle speed is
less than 2 mph (3 km/h), when the parking brake is
engaged, or when the ignition is off. The interior lamps
will come on for 10 seconds or until the ignition switch is
turned to ON.
.&
8 (Lock): All doors will automatically lock when this
button on the transmitter is pressed. The interior
lamps will turn off after all of the doors are closed.
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twice and the horn will chirp to indicate locking has
occurred.
t t u o t e
(Horn): The horn will sound and the headlamps
and the parking lamps will flash for up to two minutes
when the horn symbol on the transmitter is pressed.
The interior lamps will come on and remain on while
the horn is sounding and the lamps are flashing.
The horn ancl lamps can be rurnea oii by pressing iire
horn symbol button again or by turning the ignition
to ON.
2-5
Programmable Horn Chirp
Matching Transmitter(s) toYour Vehicle
When you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
lock the doors or use the delayed locking feature
the parking lamps will flash and the horn will chirp.
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
The programmable horn chirp can be disabled by
pressing and holding either of the door lock switches in
the unlock position for 10 seconds with the ignition
ON and all of the doors closed. When you hear the horn
chirp, programming is complete,
To reactivate the horn chirp feature, repeat the above
procedure.
2-6
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about four years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
To replace the battery in the remote keyless entry
transmitter:
1. Use a flat object like a coin to separate the bottom
half from the top half of the transmitter.
2. Remove the battery and replace it with the new
o n e Make sure the positive side of the battery
faces up. Use one three-volt, CR2032, or
equivalent, type battery.
3. Put the two halves back together. Make sure the
cover is on tightly, so water won’t get in.
2-7
Doors and Locks
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Door ‘Locks
From the outside, use your key or remote keyless
entry system, if your vehicle is equipped with this
feature. If your vehicle has remote keyless entry, you
can only use your key to open the driver’s side door.
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers - especially children - can
easily open the doors and fall outof a
moving vehicle. When a dooris locked,
the handle won’t openit. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash if the doors aren’t locked.
So, wear safety belts properly and lock
the doors whenever you drive.
Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
2-8
From the inside, you can lock and unlock the door by
moving the manual lever forward or rearward.
Delayed Locking
Power Door Locks
With the power doorlocks,
you can unlock or lock all
the doors on your vehicle
using either the driver’s or
front passenger’s door
lock switch.
Pull up on the switch to unlock all the doors. Push down
on it to lock all the doors.
The rear doors do not have power door lock switches.
Rear seat passengers must use the manual levers
to lock or unlock the rear doors.
If one ofthe doors on yourvehicle is not closed properly,
while the ignition is on and theshift lever is moved from
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N), youwill hear a chime. Also,
the door ajarlight on theinstrument panel will come orl
and stay onuntil the doors are closed.
This feature will allow the driver to delay the actual
locking of the vehicle. This feature will not operate if the
key is left in the ignition. See Lockout Protection on
page 2-12 later in this section.
When LOCK on the driver’s power door lock switch is
pressed, with the key removed from the ignition and
the driver’s door open, three chimes will be heard.
The doors will not lock, Seven seconds after the driver’s
door has been closed, all of the doors will lock and
the parking lamps will flash twice. The horn will
also chirp if the horn chirp feature is enabled.
See “Programmable Horn Chirp” listed previously for
more information.
If the driver opens another door before the seven
seconds, the doors will not lock until seven seconds
after the last door is closed.
If the power door lock switch is pressed to LOCK twice
when l e s v i q the vehicle. or the lock svmbol button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed,
the doors will lock immediately.
If the power door lock switch is pressed to unlock, the
doors will unlock immediately and not lock automatically
after the doors are closed.
2-9
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
With this feature, when you close all the doors, turn on
the ignition and shift out of PARK (P), all of the doors
will lock. If someone needs to get out while the vehicle is
running, have that person use either the manual lock
lever or the power door lock switch. When the door
is closed again, it will lock automatically when the
vehicle reaches about 5 mph (8 km/h). All doors will
automatically unlock when the shift lever is moved
to PARK (P) and the key is turned to OFF.
Customizing the Automatic Door Locks
One of four operating modes may be selected and
programmed by the driver:
Mode 1: All doors automatically lock when the transaxle
is shifted out of PARK (P). The doors will remain
locked unless manually unlocked or the lock button is
pressed. All doors will unlock when the transaxle is
shifted into PARK (P) and the key is turned to OFF.
Mode 2: This mode is only available with the
remote keyless entry system (if equipped). All doors
automatically lock when the transaxle is shifted out of
PARK (P). Automatic driver’s door only unlock when
the transaxle is shifted into PARK (P) and the key
is turned to OFF.
2-10
Mode 3: All doors automatically lock when the transaxle
is shifted out of PARK (P). No automatic door unlock.
Mode 4: No automatic door lock or unlock.
Before your vehicle was shipped from the factory it was
programmed in Mode 1. To determine the current
mode of the vehicle or to change to a different mode,
do the following:
1. Ensure the shift lever is in PARK (P) and all doors
are fully closed throughout this procedure. Turn the
ignition to ON.
2. Press and hold LOCK on either power door lock
switch for 10 seconds. Release the switch when
you hear the chime.
3. Count the number of chimes you hear. The number
of chimes tells you which mode your vehicle is in.
You can change the mode by pressing and
holding LOCK on the power door lock switch
(two chimes for Mode 2, three chimes for Mode 3
and four chimes for Mode 4).
4, Repeat Step 2 until you hear the number of chimes
that matches the mode you want.
The mode you selected is now set.
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle has rear door security locks that help
prevent passengers from opening the rear doors of your
vehicle from the inside.
The lever for this feature is
located on the inside of
the rear door.
The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use. If you want to
open a rear door while the security lock is on, do the
following:
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then open the door from the outside.
If you do not cancel the security lock feature, adults or
older children who ride in the rear won't be able to
open the rear door from the inside. You should let adults
and older children know how these security locks
work, and how to cancel the locks.
To cancel a rear door lock, do the following:
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open it from
the outside.
2. Slide the lever down.
3. Do the same to the other rear door.
The rear doors will now work normally.
To use the security locks, do the following:
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2. Close the door.
3. Do the same thing to the other rear door.
2-1 1
Lockout Protection
Trunk
Lockout protection is intended to provide enhanced
security and convenience. This feature prevents a driver
who has left the keys in the ignition from locking the
doors, using the power door locks while any door
is open.
To unlock the trunk from the outside, insert the key and
turn the trunk lock cylinder. When closing the trunk,
close from the center ensure it fully latches.
To override this feature, when the key is in the ignition
and any door is open, press and hold down the
power door lock switch for three seconds.
This feature cannot guarantee that you will never be
locked out of your vehicle. If you don’t leave the keys in
the ignition, or if you use the manual door lock or the
remote keyless entry transmitter, you could still lock your
keys inside your vehicle. Always remember to take
your keys with you.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving your vehicle, open your door and
set the locks from the inside, then get out and close
the door.
+-
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even
death. If you must drive with the trunk lid open
or if electrical wiring or other cable
connections must pass through theseal
between the body and the trunklid:
Make sure all other windows are shut.
0 Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle.See “Climate Controls”
in the Index.
0 If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all theway.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
2-12
Remote Trunk Release
Press the remote trunk
release button, located
on the lower left side of
the instrument panel,
to release the trunk lid.
Remote Trunk Release Lockout
Your remote trunk release has a lockout feature.
The switch is located on the inside of the trunk lid,
mounted on the trunk lid latch.
Make sure the remote trunk release lockout feature is
not activated. Also, the remote trunk release will
only work when either the ignition is off, or with the
ignition in ON while either the parking brake is engaged
or the vehicle speed is less than 2 mph (3 km/h).
To turn the lockout on, slide the switch all the way to
the left (ON). To turn the lockout off, slide the switch all
the way to the right (OFF).
When the lockout is on, the remote trunk release switch
on the instrument panel will not release the trunk lid.
However, the trunk lid can still be opened with the key,
but not with the remote keyiess entry transmitter.
2-13
Emergency Trunk Release Handle
There is a glow-in-the-dark emergency trunk release
handle located inside the trunk on the trunk latch. This
handle will glow following exposure to light. Pull the
release handle up to open the trunk from the inside.
Trap-Resistant Trunk Kit
To help prevent a child from becoming trapped in your
trunk, you can order a trap-resistant trunk kit from
your dealer. This kit includes:
a modified trunk latch,
a lighted release handle,and
seatback tethers (for vehicles with folding rear
seatbacks).
See your dealer for additional information.
Notice: The emergency trunk release handle is not
designed to be used to tie down the trunk lid or
as an anchor point when securing items in the trunk.
Improper use of the emergency trunk release
handle could damage it.
2-14
Windows
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome
by the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-15
Manual Windows
Express-Down Window
On a vehicle with manual windows, use the window
crank to open and close each window.
The driver’s window also has an express-down feature.
This switch is labeled AUTO. Press the rear of the
switch partway, and the driver’s window will open
a small amount. If the rear of the switch is pressed all
the way down, the window will go all the way down.
Power Windows
To stop the window while it is lowering, press the front
of the switch. To raise the window, press and hold
the front of the switch.
Window Lockout
The driver’s power window controls also include a lock
out button. Press the LOCK OUT button to stop the
front and rear passengers from using their window
switches. The driver can still operate all the windows
with the lock on. Press the LOCK OUT button again to
return to normal window operation.
Sun Visors
The power window switches are located on the armrest
on the driver’s door. In addition, each passenger
door has a switch for its own window.
2-16
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors.
You can also remove them from
the center mount and
swing them to the side, to block out glarefrom the side.
If your vehicle has a lighted visor vanity mirror,
the mirror is located on the passenger’s side visor.
When you lift the cover, the light will turn on.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal.
THEFT
SYSTEM
During normal operation,
the THEFT SYSTEM
light will come on
for approximately five
seconds when the key is
turned to ON and the
engine is started.
1
Passlock@
Your vehicle has the Passlock@theft-deterrent system.
Passlock@is a passive theft-deterrent system.
Passlock@enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder has
not been tampered with.
After attempting to start the engine, if the THEFT
SYSTEM light flashes or stays on, wait ten minutes
with the key in ON until the light goes off. Then turn
the ignition to OFF before attempting to start the
engine again.
2-17
Starting and Operating
Your Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines:
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn it to four
different positions.
A
h
3
l
Don’t drive at any one speed - fast or
slow - for the first500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new
brake linings aren’t yet broken in. Hard stops
with new linings can mean premature wear and
earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake linings.
Don’t tow a trailer during break-in. See “Towing
a Trailer” in the Index for more information.
2-18
Notice: If your key seems stuck in OFF and you
can’t turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;
if so, is it all the way in? Turn the key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break the
key or the ignition switch.If none of this works, then
your vehicle needs service.
A (OFF): This is the only position from which you can
remove the key. It also locks your ignition and transaxle.
A warning chime will sound if you open the driver’s
door when the ignition is off and the key is in the ignition.
B (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use things
like the radio and windshield wipers when the engine is
not running. To use ACCESSORY, turn the key
clockwise to the first position.
Use this position if your vehicle must be pushed or
towed, but never try to push-start your vehicle.
See Recreational Vehicle Towing on page 4-29.
C (ON): This position unlocks the ignition. It is also the
position to where the key returns after you start the
engine and release the switch. The switch will stay in
this position when the engine is running. But even when
the engine is not running, you can use ON to operate
your electrical accessories, and to display some
instrument panel warning lights.
D (START): This position starts the engine. When the
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The ICJnitio!? s\rwitch
will return to ON for normal driving.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Your vehicle is equipped with a Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) feature which will allow the radio to
continue to work up to 10 minutes after the ignition is
turned to OFF.
Your radio will work when the ignition key is in ON or
ACCESSORY. Once the key is turned from ON to OFF,
the radio will continue to work for up to 10 minutes or
until the driver’s door is opened.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position - that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notices Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your
vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
2-19
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts,
let go of the key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine gets warm.
Engine Coolant Heater
Notice: Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If your engine won’t start (or starts but then stops),
it could be flooded with too much gasoline. Try
pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key
in START for not more than 15 seconds at a time.
This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you don’t, your engine
might not perform properly.
2-20
In very cold weather, 0°F (-18°C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater, if your vehicle has this feature, can
help. You’ll get easier starting and better fuel economy
during engine warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater
should be plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to
starting your vehicle. At temperatures above 32°F (OOC),
use of the coolant heater is not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The engine coolant heater cord is located near
the engine air cleaner/filter.
3. Plug i
.
lto a normal, grounded 1IO-volt AC outlet.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could be
damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature,
the kind of oil you have, and some other things.
Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that you
contact your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking
your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for
that particular area.
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord
won’t reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated forat least 15 amps.
2-2 1
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Your automatic transaxle
has a shift lever located
on the console between
the seats.
PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
)1\ CAUTION:
-
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicleif the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
CAUTION:
2-22
(Continued)
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engineis
running unless youhave to. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle won’tmove, even
when you’re on fairly level ground, always set
your parking brake and move the shift lever
to PARK (P). See “Shifting Into Park (P)” in the
Index. If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer’’ in the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK P) before starting
the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle
shift lock control system. You have to apply your regular
brake before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition key is in ON. If you cannot shift out of PARK (P),
ease pressure on the shift lever - push the shift lever
all the way into PARK (P) - as you maintain brake
application. Then move the shift lever into the gear you
wish. (Press the shift lever button before moving the
shift lever.) See Shifting Out of Park ( f ) on page 2-27
later in this section.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of
snow, ice or sand without damaging your transaxle,
see If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
on page 4-28.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
S tingintoadrive gear whyourengine
is
“racing” [running at high speed) is dangerous.
Unless your foot is firmly on the brake pedal,
your vehicle could move very rapidly.You
could lose control and hit people or objects.
Don’t shift into a drivegear while your engine
is racing.
Notice: Damage to your transaxle caused by
shifting into a drive gear with the engine racing
isn’t covered by your warranty.
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is for
normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re:
Going less than 35 mph (56 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
Notice: If your vehicle seems to start up rather
slowly, or if it seems not to shift gears as you go
faster, something may be wrong with a transaxle
system sensor. If you drive very far that
way,
your vehicle can be damaged. So, if this happens,
have your vehicle serviced right away. Until
then, you can use SECOND (2)when you are driving
less than 35 mph (55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC
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2-23
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving,
however, it offers more power and lower fuel economy
than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D). Here are some
times you might choose THIRD (3) instead of
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D):
When driving on hilly, winding roads.
When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
When going down a steep hill.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on
hills. It can help control your speed as you go down
steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to
use your brakes off and on.
Notice: Don’t drive inSECOND (2) for more than
25 miles (40 km), or at speeds over55 mph (90 km/h),
or you can damage your transaxle.
Use THIRD (3) or
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) as much as possible.
Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than65 mph (105 km/h) or you can damage
your engine.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can use
it on verysteep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the shift
lever is put in FIRST ( I ) , the transaxle won’t shift into first
gear until the vehicle is going slow enough.
Notice: If your front wheels won’t turn, don’t try to
drive. This might happen if you were stuck in
very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle.Also,
if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold your
vehicle there with only the acceleratorpedal. This
could overheat and damage the transaxle.Use your
brakes to hold your vehiclein position on a hill.
Second-Gear Start
Your vehicle is equipped with a second-gear start
feature. Place the shift lever in SECOND (2) gear to
provide more traction when you are starting on ice
or other slippery surfaces. The transaxle will be in
SECOND (2) gear when the vehicle begins to move.
After staring in SECOND (2) gear place the shift lever in
THIRD (3) or AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
This feature is only for improved traction when the road
surface is slippery and is not intended for continuous
use or when the vehicle is stuck in sand, mud, ice, snow
or gravel.
2-24
Parking Brake
Shifting Into Park (P)
To set the parking brake,
push down the parking
brake pedal with your left
foot. If the ignition is
on, the brake system
warning light will come on.
Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-28.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot. Push down on the
parking brake pedal with your left foot. If the parking
brake is not released when you begin to drive, the brake
system warning light will come on and a chime will
y u n d \yprnjnn
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Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
* ‘ * - I
’
It can be dangerous to get out of you. .chicle
if the shift leveris not fully inPARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. If you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can move suddenly.You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t
move, even when you’re on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow.If you’re pulling a
trailer, see ‘‘Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
-.-‘I-
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill;
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-34.
2-25
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running.Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Don’t leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
Hold in the button on the shift lever
Push the shift lever all the way toward the front
of the vehicle.
3. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-26
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold
the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can
move the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first
pushing the button.
If you can, it means that the shift lever wasn’t fully
locked in PARK (P).
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of Park (P)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of
the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl
in the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the
shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and
then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P)
on page 2-25.
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to apply your regular brake
before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is
in ON. See Automatic Transaxle Operation on
page 2-22.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way
into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application.
Then move the shift lever into the gear you wish.
Press the shift lever button before moving the shift lever.
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t
shift out of PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the ignition key to ACCESSORY.
2. Apply and hold the regular brake until the end of
Step 5.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Turn the ignition key to START, to start the vehicle.
5. Sniil 10 rne urive gear you wani.
6. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
2-27
Parking Over Things That Burn
-
Engine Exhaust
,::.: -....
.. . ,_..
I II
Engine exhaust can kill.
It contains thegas
carbon monoxide(CO), which you can'tsee or
smell. It can cause unconsciousnessand death.
in if:
You might have exhaust coming
Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
Your vehicle was damaged whendriving
over high points on
the road orover road
debris.
Repairs weren't done correctly.
Your vehicle or exhaust system had
been
modified improperly.
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don't park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things
that can burn.
2-28
If you ever suspect exhaust
is coming into
your vehicle:
Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out anyCO; and
Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
c
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the fan is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust - with
CO - can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
It can be da--Jerous to get ofout
your vehicleif
the shift leveris not fullyIn PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
is
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
To be sure your
You or others could be injured.
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re
on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever PARK
to (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-25.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a trailer,
also see Towing a Trailer on page 4-34.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Winter Driving” in the Index.
2-29
Mirrors
Outside Remote Control Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror
The outside remote control mirrors should be adjusted
so you can see a little of the side of your vehicle
when you are sitting in a comfortable driving position.
This mirror can be adjusted two ways. First, to adjust
the angle of the mirror, move the mirror to a position that
allows you see to out of the back window. To adjust
the height of the mirror, adjust the arm that connects the
mirror to the windshield.
To adjust the driver’s
outside rearview mirror use
the control lever located
on the driver’s door.
To reduce glare from lights behind you, move the lever
toward you to the night position.
To adjust the passenger’s outside mirror, sit in the
driver’s seat and have the passenger use the control on
the passenger’s door to adjust that mirror for you.
2-30
Outside Power Mirrors
Outside Convex Mirror
Your passenger‘s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from
the driver’s seat.
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
The controls for the power mirrors, if your vehicle has
this feature, are located on the driver’s door armrest.
Move the selector switch located above the four-way
control pad to choose the right or left mirror. If you place
the selector switch in the center position, no movement
of the mirror will occur. To adjust a mirror, use the
arrows located on the four-way control pad to move the
mirror in the direction that you want it to go.
2-31
Storage Areas
Glove Box
To open, pull the handle to the left and pull the glove
box door down until it stops and is fully open.
Cupholder(s)
The instrument panel cupholder is located to the left of
the steering wheel. To use it, pull it out until the
rubber insert is seen.
The center console provides space for holding a cup or
soft drink container. The cupholder is located at the
rear of the shift lever.
Pull down the door on the rear of the center console to
use the rear seat cupholders.
2-32
Center Console Storage Area
The center console has two separate storage areas.
The upper compartment, which is also the armrest,
can be used to store maps, gloves, etc. To open,
pull up on the driver’s side of the lid.
The lower area can be used to store cassette tapes
or compact discs. To open the lower compartment,
pull up on the armrest.
Garment Hooks
Pull down on the outer ring
to use the garment hook.
Sunroof
If your vehicle has this
feature, the switch is
located on the headliner
between the sun visors.
The sunroof will only
operate when the ignition
is in ON.
To open the sunroof to the vent position, you must first
open the sunshade by hand. Then push the switch
back and release it.
To fully open the sunroof, push the switch back again
and release it.
In both the vent and fully open positions, the air flow
can be adjusted for driving comfort by pushing and
holding the switch forward until the sunroof moves to
the desired position.
To close the sunroof, push the switch forward and hold
it until the sunroof is closed. The sunroof will stop if
the switch is released during operation. Remember to
close the sunshade by hand.
The sunroof glass panel cannot be opened or closed if
your vehicle has an electrical failure.
The sunroof can be opened to a vent position or it can
be express-opened all of the way.
Notice: Do not attempt to force the sunshade
forward of the sliding glass panel. Damage will
occur and the sunroof may not open or close
properly.
2-33
A
2-34
NOTES
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ............................... 3.2
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................ 3.4
Other Warning Devices ................................... 3.5
Horn ............................................................. 3.5
Tilt Wheel .....................................................
3.5
Turn SignaVMultifunction Lever ......................... 3.6
Exterior Lamps ............................................. 3.12
Interior Lamps .............................................. 3-15
Accessory Power Outlets ............................... 3.17
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter ........................ 3.17
Climate Controls ........................................... -3-18
Climate Control System ................................. 3.18
Outlet Adjustment ......................................... 3-22
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators .............3-23
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................ 3.24
Speedometer and Odometer ........................... 3.25
Tachometer ................................................. 3.26
Safety Belt Reminder Light ............................. 3.26
n n7
Air say Fieadir~lessiiyi-li ................................ 3
.c I
Charging System Light .................................. 3.28
Brake System Warning Light .......................... 3.28
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ............. 3.29
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage .................. 3.30
Low Coolant Warning Light ............................ 3.30
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ............................. 3.31
Oil Pressure Light .........................................
Check Oil Level Light ....................................
Passlock@ WarningLight ................................
Low Washer Fluid Warning Light .....................
Door Ajar Light ..... , .......................................
Service Vehicle Soon Light ............................
Fuel Gage ...................................................
Audio System(s) .............................................
Setting the Time for Radios without Radio
Data Systems (RDS) ..................................
Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data
Systems (RDS) .........................................
Radio with CD (Base Level) ...........................
Radio with CD (Up Level) ..............................
Radio with Cassette and CD ..........................
Theft-Deterrent Feature
(Non-RDS Radios) .....................................
Theft-Deterrent Feature
3-34
3-35
3.35
3-36
3-36
3-36
3-37
3-38
3-38
3-38
3-39
3-43
3-51
3-61
3-61
Understanding Radio Reception ...................... 3-61
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player .................3-62
Care of Your CDs ......................................... 3-63
Care of Your CD Player ................................ 3-63
Fixed Mast Antenna ...................................... 3-63
Phimn I n t t n l A A i l I c j m n n t
LGVGI
................................ ?-G2
[ R n S Radios;!
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3- 1
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The main components of your instrument panel are the following:
A. Side Window Defogger Vents
B.Vent Outlets
C.
D.
E.
F.
Instrument Panel Brightness Thumbwheel
Fog Lamp Button (If Equipped)
Turn Signal/MultifunctionLever
Cruise Control Buttons (If Equipped)
G. Instrument Panel Cluster
H. Windshield Wiper/Washer Lever
I. Ignition Switch
J. Hazard Warning Flashers Button
K. Instrument Panel Fuse Blocks
L. Instrument Panel Cupholder
M. Remote Trunk Release Button
N. HoodRelease
0. Tilt Wheel Lever
P. Parking Brake
Q. Horn
R. AudioSystem
S. Cigarette Lighter
T. Ashtray
U. Accessory Power Outlet
V. Climate Control System
3-3
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning
flasher is located near
the center of the
instrument panel.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to
turn the flashers off.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
3-4
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn
signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (I00 m) behind
your vehicle.
Horn
You can sound the horn by pressing the horn symbol on
your steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can raise it to the highest level to
give your legs more room when you exit and enter
your vehicle.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel is
located on the left side of the steering column.
To tilt the wheel, hold the wheel and pull the lever
toward you. Then move the wheel to a comfortable
position and release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
3-5
Turn SignaVMultifunction Lever
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or
down. When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
I
r-
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
HeadlampHigh/Low-BeamChanger
Flash-to-Pass
For information on the exterior lamps, see Exterior
Lamps on page 3-12 later in this section.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself
when you release it.
A warning chime signal will come on if you have left
your turn signal on for more than 314 mile (1 km).
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows
flash rapidly, a signal bulb may be burned out and other
drivers won’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you signal
a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and then check the
fuse. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-82.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low beamto highbeam,
push theturn signaVmultifunctionlever away from you.
Flash-to-Pass Feature
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps to
signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.
To use it, pull the turn signal/multifunction lever toward
you until the high-beam headlamps come on, then
release the lever to turn them off.
Windshield Wipers
When the high beams
are on, a light on the
instrument panel cluster
also will be on if the
ignition is in ON.
To change the headlamps from high beam to low beam,
pull the turn signal lever toward you.
Headlamps On Reminder
If you open the driver’s door and turn off the ignition
while leaving the lamps on, you will hear a warning
chime.
Use this lever located on the right side of the steering
wheel to operate the windshield wipers.
3-7
OFF: Move the lever to OFF to turn off the windshield
wipers.
INT (Intermittent): Move the lever to INT to choose a
delayed wiping cycle. Turn the INT ADJ (Intermittent
Adjust) band down for a longer delay or up for a shorter
delay. The wiper speed can only be adjusted when
the lever is in the INT position.
LO (Low Speed): Move the lever up to the first setting
past INT, for steady wiping at low speed.
HI (High Speed): Move the lever up to the second
setting past INT, for'wiping at high speed.
MIST: Move the lever all the way down to MIST for a
single wiping cycle. Hold it there until the windshield
wipers start; then let go. The windshield wipers will stop
after one wipe. If you want more wipes, hold the
band on mist longer.
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent you
from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them.
3-8
If they're frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen or
thaw them. If your blades do become damaged, get new
blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Windshield Washer
To wash your windshield, push in the button at the end
of the stalk until the wasl----sbegin.
In freezing weather, don't use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
When you release the button, the washers will stop, but
the wipers will continue to wipe for about three cycles
and will either stop or will resume the speed you
were using before.
Cruise Control
e
0
Cruise control can be dangerous where
you can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
So, don’t use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
needless wheel spinning, and you could
lose control. Don’t use cruise control on
slippery roads.
If your vehicle has cruise control, you can maintain a
speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without
keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can really
help on long trips. Cruise control does not work at
speeds below 25 mph (40 km/h).
3-9
Setting Cruise Control
If you leave your cruise control on when you’re
not using cruise, you might hit a button and go
into cruise when you don’t want to. You could
be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use
cruise control.
The cruise control buttons are located on the steering
wheel for your convenience.
1. Press OFF/ON to turn cruise control on.
The indicator light on the button will come on.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press the SET DECEL (Decelerate) button and
release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
3-10
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts
off the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset
it. Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can press the cruise control ACCEL (Accelerate)
RESUME button briefly.
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
If you press the ACCEL RESUME button briefly, the
vehicle will keep going faster until you release the switch
or apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster,
don’t hold down the ACCEL RESUME button.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed.
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Push the SET DECEL button, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higher speed.
0
Press the ACCEL RESUMEbutton. Hold it there until
you get upto the speed you want, andthen release
the button.To increase your speed in very small
amounts, press the ACCEL RESUMEbutton briefly
and thenrelease it. Eachtime you do this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will only work after you turn on
the cruise control by pushing the SET DECEL button.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
Push the SET DECEL button until you reach the
lower speed you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, push the SET
DECEL button briefly. Each time you do this, you’ll
go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Controi
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work onhills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may haveto step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may haveto brake or shift to a lower gear to
keep your speed down.Of course, applying the brake
takes you outof cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
0
Step lightly on the brake pedal;
0
Press OFF/ON.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
3-11
Exterior Lamps
switch
lamp
exterior
The
has three positions:
2
(Parking Lamps): Turn the switch to this position to
turn on the parking lamps, together with the following:
0
SidemarkerLamps
Taillamps
0
License Plate Lamps
0
Instrument Panel Lights
-
(Headlamps): Turntheswitch to thisposition to
turn on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
The lever on the left side of the steering columnsee
operates the exterior lamps.
3-12
AUTO: Turn the exterior lamps control to AUTO to
provide for automatic operation of the headlamps,
taillamps and parking lamps. For more information
“Automatic HeadlampSystem”later in thissection.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will make your low-beam headlamps
come on at a reduced brightness when the following
conditions are met:
0
When the DRL system is on, the taillamps, sidemarker
lamps, parking lamps and instrument panel lights
will not be illuminated unless you have turned the
exterior lamps control to the parking lamp or headlamp
position.
The DRL system will remain off any time your vehicle
is in PARK (P) or the parking brake is engaged and
the vehicle speed is less than 8 mph (13 km/h),
for United States vehicles only.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
The ignition is on,
the exterior lamp control is turned to AUTO or you
have turned on your parking lamps,
the light sensor detects daytime light,
the parking brake is released, and
0
the shift lever is not in PARK (P).
3-1 3
Automatic Headlamp System
Headlamps Off in Park (P)
When it is dark enough outside, your Automatic
Headlamp System will turn on your headlamps at the
normal brightness along with other lamps such as
the taillamps, sidemarker, parking lamps and the
instrument panel lights. The radio lights will also be dim.
This feature works when the ignition is on and it is dark
outside. To turn the headlamps off when it is dark
outside, turn the exterior lamp control to the parking
lamp position. In this position, the parking lamps,
sidemarker lamps, taillamps, license plate lamps and
instrument panel lights will be on, but the headlamps
will be off.
Your vehicle is equipped with a light sensor on the
top of the instrument panel under the defroster grill,
so be sure it is not covered which will cause the system
to be on whenever the ignition is on.
The system may also be on when driving through a
parking garage, heavy overcast weather or a tunnel.
This is normal.
There is a delay in the transition between the daytime
and nighttime operation of the DRL and the Automatic
Headlamp System so that driving under bridges or
bright overhead street lights does not affect the system.
The DRL and Automatic Headlamp System will only
be affected when the light sensor sees a change
in lighting lasting longer than this delay.
To idle your vehicle with the system off, set the park
brake while the ignition is off. Then start the vehicle.
The system will stay off until you release the park brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamps when you need them.
3-14
To turn on the headlamps along with the other lamps
when it is dark outside, turn the exterior lamp control to
the AUTO or headlamp position.
Delayed Headlamps
The delayed headlamps feature will continue to
illuminate the headlamps for 20 seconds after the key
is turned to OFF at night. Then the headlamps will
automatically turn off.
To override the 20 second delayed headlamp feature
while it is active turn the switch at the end of the
turn signaVmultifunction lever up one position and then
back to AUTO.
Fog Lamps
Interior Lamps
If your vehicle has this
feature, the button for the
fog lamps is located on
the instrument panel, to the
left of the steering wheel.
Instrument Panel Brightness
This feature controls the brightness of the instrument
panel lights.
The thumbwheel for this
feature is located on the
instrument panel to the left
of the steering wheel.
When using the fog lamps, if equipped, the ignition must
be on as well as the parking lamps or the low-beam
headlamps.
Push the button toturn the fog lamps on. An indicator
light inthe button will glow whenthe fog lamps are on.
Push the button again to
turn the fog lamps off.
Move the thumbwheel to the right to brighten the lights
or to the left to dim them.
The fog lamps will turn off whenever the high-beam
headlamps are turned on. When the high beams
are turned off, the fog lamps will come on again.
3-15
Entry/Exit Lighting
Battery Run-Down Protection
When you open any door, the lamps inside of your
vehicle will go on. These lamps will fade out 10 seconds
after the last door is closed, or when the ignition is
turned on after all doors have been closed. These lamps
will also go on when you press the trunk release
button, the unlock button or the horn symbol button on
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Your vehicle has a battery run-down protection feature
designed to protect your vehicle’s battery.
The lamps inside of your vehicle will stay on for about
10 seconds after your key is removed from the ignition to
provide an illuminated exit.
Dome Lamp
The switch on this lamp has three positions. The ON
position will turn on the lamp. The DOOR position
will turn on the lamp whenever a door is opened.
The OFF position will shut off the lamp completely,
even when a door is opened.
Trunk Lamp
The trunk lamp comes on when you open your trunk.
3-1 6
When any interior lamp (trunk, reading, footwell, visor
vanity or glove box) is left on when the ignition is
turned off, the battery run-down protection system will
automatically shut the lamp(s) off after 20 minutes.
This will avoid draining the battery.
To reactivate the interior lamps, do one of the following:
Turnon the ignition,
turn the exterior lamp control off and then on,
opena door,
press any remote keyless entry transmitter button
(if equipped),
press the remote trunk release button, or
* press the power door lock switch.
The battery run-down feature will also be activated
when any door on the vehicleis left open and the
ignition is in OFF.
Accessory Power Outlets
With accessory power outlets you can plug in auxiliary
electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or
CB radio.
The accessory power outlet is located to the right of
the ashtray.
Notice: When using accessory power outlets the
maximum load should not exceed 15 amps. Be sure
to turn off any electrical equipment when not in
use. Leaving electrical equipment on for extended
periods can drain the battery.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a
problem see your dealer for additional information
on accessory power outlets.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow
the proper installation instructions included with
the equipment.
Notice: Power outlets are designed for accessory
plugs only. Do not hang any type of accessory
8 1 accessory bracket from the plug.Improper USE! of
the power outlet can cause damage not covered
by your warranty.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
The ashtray is located at the lower part of the center
of the instrument panel. To remove the ashtray for
cleaning, pull up on the metal tab and pull the bin out.
Notice: Don’t put papers or other flammable
items into your ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite them, causing
a damaging fire.
Notice: Adding some electrical equipment to your
The cigarette lighter is located above the ashtray.
vehicle can damage
it or keep other things from
To
working as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by . . use it, just push it in all the way and let go.
your warranty. Check with your dealer before addingw r e n ii‘s reaay, ii wiii pop bacK o u i by ikseii.
electrical equipment, and never use anything that
Notices Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your
exceeds the amperage rating.
hand whileit is heating.If you do,it won’t be able to
I,
back away from the heating element when it’s ready.
That can make it overheat, damaging the lighter and
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3-17
Climate Controls
Operation
Climate Control System
To change the current mode, turn the right knob to
select one of the following:
With this system you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation for your vehicle.
f;
(Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
’;4 (Bi-Level): This mode directs half of the air to the
instrument panel outlets, and then directs most of
the remaining air to the floor outlets. Some air may be
directed toward the side windows.
%
(Floor): This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets with some air directed to the side window
outlets.
The right knob can also be used to select defog or
defrost modes. Information on defogging and defrosting
can be found later in this section.
@
(Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan
speed. The fan must be on to run the air-conditioning
compressor.
3-18
(Outside Air): Press this button to turn the
outside air mode on or off. When this mode is on,
outside air will circulate throughout your vehicle.
When the button is pressed, an indicator light in the
button will come on to let you know that it is activated.
The outside air mode can be used with all modes,
but it cannot be used with the recirculation mode.
Pressing this button will cancel the recirculation mode.
(Recirculation): This mode keeps outside air
from coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or
to help heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more
quickly. Press this button to turn the recirculation mode
on or off. When the button is pressed, an indicator
light in the button will come on to let you know that it
is activated. The air-conditioning compressor comes on.
The recirculation mode can be used with vent, bi-level,
or floor modes, but it cannot be used with the defog
or defrost modes. Pressing this button will cancel the
outside air mode. When you switch to the defog or
defrost modes the system will automatically move
from recirculation to outside air. When you move the
mode knob back to another mode, the system will
move back into recirculation. When the car is turned
off and back on the system will default to outside
air automatically.
Temperature Control: Turn the center knob clockwise
or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
temperature inside your vehicle.
When it’s cold outside 0°F (-18°C) or lower, use the
engine coolant heater, if equipped, to provide warmer air
faster to your vehicle. An engine coolant heater warms
the coolant that the engine uses to provide heat to
warm the inside of your vehicle. For more information,
see Engine Coolant Heater on page 2-20.
3-19
;)#e A/C (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn
the air-conditioning system on or off. When N C is
pressed, an indicator light in the button will come on to
let you know that air conditioning is activated.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air
escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the time
it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also helps
the system to operate more efficiently.
For quick cool down on hot days, do the following:
1. Select the vent mode.
2. Select the highest fan speed.
3. Select N C .
4. Select the recirculation mode.
5. Select the coolest temperature.
Using these settings together for long periods of time
may cause the air inside of your vehicle to become too
dry. To prevent this from happening, after the air in
your vehicle has cooled, turn the recirculation mode off.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from
the air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling or
after turning off the engine. This is normal.
3-20
Defogging and Defrosting
There are two modes to choose from to clear fog or
frost from your windshield. Use the defog mode to
clear the windows of fog or moisture and warm
the passengers. Use the defrost mode to remove
fog or frost from the windshield more quickly.
Turn the right knob to select the defog or defrost mode.
+3(Defog): This mode directs half of the
air to the
windshield and half to the floor outlets with a small
amount directed to the side windows. When you
select this mode, the system turns off recirculation
automatically and runs the air-conditioningcompressor
unless the outside temperature is at or below freezing.
The recirculation mode cannot be selected while in
the defog mode.
To help clear the side windows quickly while using air
conditioning, do the following:
1. Select the bi-level mode.
2. Select the highest fan speed.
3. Select N C .
4. Select the temperature.
9
(Defrost): This mode directs most of the air to the
windshield with some air directed to the floor vents.
In this mode, the system will automatically force outside
air into your vehicle and run the air-conditioning
compressor. Recirculation cannot be selected while in
the defrost mode.
To help clear the windshield quickly, do the following:
1. Select the defrost mode.
2. Select the outside air mode.
3. Select the highest temperature.
4. Select the highest fan speed.
Your vehicle is equipped with side window defogger
outlets located on the outside of the side instrument
panel outlets. To help clear the side windows quickly,
do the following:
1. Select the floor mode.
2. Select the outside air mode.
3. Select the highest temperature.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog or frost from the rear window.
REAR: Press this button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. An indicator light in the button
will come on to let your know that the rear window
defogger is activated. Be sure to clear as much snow
from the rear window as possible.
The rear window defogger will turn off approximately
10 minutes after the button is pressed. If turned on
again, the defogger will only run for approximately
five minutes before turning off. The defogger can also
be turned off by pressing the button again or by turning
off the engine.
Notice: Don’t use anything sharp on the inside of
the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage
the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty. Do not attach a temporary
vehicle license, tape, a decal or anything similar
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4. Select the highest fan speed.
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3-2 1
Outlet Adjustment
Operation Tips
* Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
inlets at the base of the windshield that may
block the flow of air into your vehicle.
Slide the levers on the air outlets, located in the center
and on the sides of the instrument panel, to change
the direction of the airflow.
3-22
e
Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect performance of the system.
e
Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more
effectively.
e
When an objectionable odor outside the vehicle is
encountered, use the recirculation mode, with the
temperature knob at a comfortable setting to prevent
the odor from entering the vehicle through the
ventilation system. This can be helpful when
driving through a long tunnel with poor ventilation.
However, extended usage of this mode in cold
or cool weather can cause window fogging.
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you
or others from injury.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When oneof the warning lights comes on and stays on
when youare driving, or when oneof the gages shows
there may be aproblem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can becostly - and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine
just to let you know they’re working. If you are familiar
with this section, you should not be alarmed when
this happens.
3-23
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you will need to drive safely and economically.
Your vehicle has this instrument panel cluster, which includes indicator warning lights and gages that are explained
on the following pages.
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TH“‘
SYC
CHECK
OIL
United States version shown, Canada Similar
3-24
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the United States)
or kilometers (used in Canada).
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can tell
you how far you have
driven since you last
reset it.
Your vehicle has a tamper resistant odometer.
The digital odometer will read 999,999 if someone tries
to turn it back.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to
the mileage total of the old odometer, then it must
be. But if it can’t, then it’s set at zero and a label must
be put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage
reading when the new odometer was installed.
The reset button is located next to the trip odometer
To reset the trip odometer to zero, press and hold
the reset button for one or two seconds. Also, by
pressing this button, you car1 toggle between the
odometer and the trip odometer.
3-25
Tachometer
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to ON or START, a chime will
come on for several seconds to remind people to fasten
their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for several seconds,
then it will flash for
several more.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
The tachometer shows your engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
Notice: Do not operate the engine with the
tachometer in the red area, or engine damage
may occur.
3-26
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the air bag sensor, the air
bag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag
system, see Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)
on page 1-53.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash for
a few seconds. Then
the light should go out.
This means the system
is ready.
I. .he air bag rez,.ness l.,.lt stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly.The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate ina crash, or they
could even inflate withouta crash. To help
avoid injury to yourself or others, have your
vehicle serviced right away if the air bag
readiness light stays on after you start your
vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON.If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air
bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
3-27
Charging System Light
The charging system light
will come on when you
turn on the ignition, but the
engine is not running, as
a check to show you it
is working.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need
both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
When the engine is running, the light should go out.
If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving and
you hear a chime, you may have a problem with
the electrical charging system. It could indicate that you
have a loose generator drive belt or another electrical
problem. Have it checked right away. Driving while
this light is on could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be
certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio
and air conditioner.
3-28
BRAKE
I
I
I
Canada
United States
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to ON. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
The light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t
release fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is
fully released, it means you have a brake problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal
is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to
the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still
on, have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing Your
Vehicle on page4-29.
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light is
on. Driving with the brake system warning light
on can lead to an accident. If the light is still
on after you’ve pulled off the road and stopped
carefully, have the vehicle towed for service.
Anti-Lock Brake System
Warning Light
If your vehicle has the
anti-lock brake system, the
light will come on when
your engine is started and
may stay on for several
seconds. That’s normal.
If the light stays on, turn the ignition to OFF. Or, if the
light comes on and the chime sounds when you’re
driving, stop as soon as possible and turn the ignition
off. Then start the engine again to reset the system.
If the light still stays on, or comes on again while you’re
driving, your vehicle needs service. If the regular
brake system warning light isn’t on, you still have
brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the
regular brake system warning light is also on, you don’t
have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with
your regular brakes. See Brake System Warning Light
on page 3-28 earlier in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning light will come on
briefly when you turn the ignition key to ON. This is
normal. If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed
so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
3-29
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
0
United States
0
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature. If the
gage pointer moves into the red area, the light comes
on and you hear a chime, your engine is too hot!
It means that your engine coolant has overheated.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-23.
3-30
Low Coolant Warning Light
This light comes on
briefly when you turn
your ignition ON.
If this light comes on and stays on, the coolant level in
your vehicle is low. See Engine Coolant on page 5-19.
If the light is on along with an overheat warning,
you may have a serious overheating problem, see
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-30.
Notice: Damage to your engine from neglected
coolant problems can be costly and is not covered
by your warranty.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-23 for information
on what to do. Your vehicle should be serviced as soon
as possible.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after a while, your emission controls
may not work as well, your fuel economy may not
be as good and your engine may not run as
smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that
may not be covered by your warranty.
United States
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The CHECK ENGINE light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires with
other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may causethis light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
3-31
This light should come on, as a check to show you
it is working, when the ignition is on and the engine
is not running. If the light doesn’t come on, have
it repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
Light Flashing - A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system on
your vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center
diagnosis and service may be required.
Light On Steady - An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
If the Light Is Flashing
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart
the engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the
Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to
your dealer or qualified service center for service.
If the Light Is On Steady
You also may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
Avoiding hard accelerations.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-7. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
Reducing vehicle speed.
3-32
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 5-5. Poor fuel quality
will cause your engine not to run as efficiently as
designed. You may notice this as stalling after start-up,
stalling when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring,
hesitation on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration.
(These conditions may go away once the engine is
warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and
cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check
the vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment
and diagnostic toolsto fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection
could prevent you from getting a vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
CHECK ENGINE light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines that
critical emission control systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle
would be considered not ready for inspection.
This can happen if you have recently replaced your
battery or if your battery has run down. The diagnostic
system is designed to evaluate critical emission
control systems during normal driving. This may take
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your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for lack
of OBD system readiness, see your dealer or qualified
service center to prepare the vehicle for inspection.
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3-33
Oil Pressure Light
If you have a low engine
oil pressure problem, this
light will stay on after
you start your engine,
or come on and you will
hear a chime when you
are driving.
This indicates that your engine is not receiving enough
oil. The engine could be low on oil, or could have
some other oil problem. Have it fixed immediately.
When the ignition is on but the engine is not running,
the light will come on as a test to show you it is working,
but the light will go out when the engine is running.
If it doesn’t come on with the ignition on, you may have
a problem with the bulb. Have it fixed right away.
3-34
Don’---eepding
-..E oilpressureis
N.
If you do, your engine can becomeso hot that
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soonas possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and isnot covered by
your warranty.
Check Oil Level Light
CHECK
OIL
You will have a CHECK
OIL light in your instrument
panel cluster.
This light will come onbriefly when you startyour vehicle.
If the light stays on afterstarting your vehicle, or comes
on and chimes while you are driving, your engine oil
level should be checked.
Prior to checking the oil level, be sure your vehicle has
been shut off for several minutes and is on a level
surface, Check the oil level on your dipstick and bring it
to the proper level. See Engine Oil on page 5-73.
Passlock@ Warning Light
THEFT
SYSTEM
This light will come on
when you turn the ignition
to ON. The light will stay
on until the engine starts.
If the light flashes, the Passlock@ system hasentered a
tamper mode. If the vehicle fails to start, see Passlock0
on page 2- 17.
If the light comes oncontinuously while driving and stays
on, there may bea problem withthe Passlock@system.
Your vehicle will not beprotected by Passlock@, andyou
should see your dealer.
A false CHECK OIL light may be generated when
parking on steep gracies.
The oil level monitoring system only checks oil level
during the brief period between key on and engine
crank. It does not monitor engine oil level when
the engine is running. Additionally, an oil level check is
only performed if the engine has been turned Gff fG:
a considerable period of time allowing the oil normally in
circulation to drain back into the oil pan.
3-35
Low Washer Fluid Warning Light
LOW
WASH
The LOW WASH light will
come on briefly when you
turn the ignition to ON.
It will also stay on or come on and chime, if the fluid
reservoir is less than one-third full.
Door Ajar Light
When the ignition is on,
this light will stay on until
all doors are closed
and completely latched.
You will hear a chime if a door is unlatched after the
engine is started and the vehicle is not in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N).
3-36
Service Vehicle Soon Light
SERVICE
VEHICLE
SOON
This light will come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition to ON.
It will stay on, or come on and a chime will sound if it
detects a problem on the vehicle, such as a Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) or an automatic headlamp
system malfunction. If this happens, see your dealer
as soon as possible.
Fuel Gage
Here are four things that some owners ask about.
None of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
0
At the service station, the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to
fill the tank.
0
0
The indicator moves a little when you turn a corner
or speed up.
I
United States
Canada
The gage goes back to empty when you turn off
the ignition.
Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have
left, when the ignition is on. When the indicator nears
empty, the light will come on and you will hear a chime.
You still have a little fuel left, but you should get
more soon.
3-37
Audio System(s)
Notice: Before you add any sound equipment to
your vehicle - like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio - be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very important
to do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine,
Delphi Electronics radio or other systems, and
even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operation of sound equipment that
has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Your audio system has been designedto operate easily
and to give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment outof it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what youraudio system can do and how to
operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off. See Retained
Accessory Power under Ignition Positions on page 2-18.
3-38
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
Press and hold the HR or MIN arrow for two seconds.
Then press the HR arrow until the correct hour appears
on the display. Press and hold the MIN arrow until
the correct minute appears. The time may be set with
the ignition on or off.
Setting the Time for Radios with
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
Press and hold the HR or MN buttons, located below
the tune knob, for two seconds. Thenpress and hold HR
until the correct hour appears on the display. AM or
PM will also appear. Press and hold MN until the correct
minute appears on the display. The time may be set
with the ignition on or off. The clock symbol will appear
on the display in time-set mode.
To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System(RDS) information, press andhold
HR andMN at the sametime for two secondsuntil
UPDATED and the clock symbol appear on the display.
If the time is not available from the station, NO UPDAT
will appearon the display instead.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. Once you have
tuned to an RDS broadcast station, it may take a
few minutes before pressing and holding the HR and
MN buttons to result in an update to the time.
Radio with CD (Base Level)
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FMI
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
a
SEEK D : Press the right or the left arrow to tune
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold one of the SEEK
arrows for two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio
will go to a station, play for a few seconds and flash
the station frequency, then go on to the next station.
Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop scanning.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn the knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to switch the display
between time and radio station frequency. Time display
is available with the ignition turned off.
To scan preset stations, press and hold one of the
SEEK arrows for more than four seconds until you hear
two beeps. The radio will go to the first preset station
stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds and
flash the station frequency, then go on to the next
preset station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to
stop scanning presets.
The radio will seek and scan only
to stations that are in
the selected band and only tothose with a strong signal.
3-39
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bassnrebie)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FMI and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
AUDIO: To adjust the bass or the treble, press and
release the AUDIO button repeatedly until BAS or TRE
appears on the display. Then press and hold the up
or the
down arrow to increase or to decrease. If a station is
weak or noisy, you may wantto decrease the treble.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select AM, FMI or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton, the station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-40
To adjust bass ortreble to the middle position, select BAS
or TRE. Then press and hold the AUDIO button for more
than two seconds until you hear a beep. B and a zero
or Tand a zero will appear on the display.
To adjust both tone controls and both speaker controls
to the middle position, first end outof audio mode by
pressing another button, causing the radioto perform that
function, or by waiting five seconds for the display
to
return to time of day. Then press and hold the AUDIO
button for morethan two seconds until you hear a beep.
CEN will appear on thedisplay.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
Radio Messages
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, press and release the AUDIO
button until BAL appears on the display. Then press
and hold the up or the down arrow to move the sound
toward the right or the left speakers.
CAL (Calibration): Your audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CAL
appears on the display it means that your radio has not
been configured properly for your vehicle and must
be returned to the dealership for sewice.
To adjust the fade between the
front and rear speakers,
press and release the AUDIObutton until FAD appears
on the display. Then press and
hold the up or thedown
arrow to move the soundtoward the front or the rear
speakers.
LOC (Locked): This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK@ systemhas locked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
To adjust balanceor fade to the middle position, select
BAL or FAD. Then press
and hold AUDIO for more than
two seconds until you heara beep. L and a zero or F and
a zero will appear on the display.
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull it in. The disc should begin playing.
The display will show CD. If you want to insert a
compact disc with the ignition off, first press RCL or the
eject button.
To adjust both tone controls and both speaker
controls
to the middle position, first
end out of audio mode by
pressing another button,causing the radioto perform that
function, or by waiting five seconds for the
display to
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Playing a Compact Disc
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
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more than two secondsuntil you hear a beep. CEN will
appear on the display.
3-41
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track if the current track has been playing
for less than eight seconds. If pressed when the current
track has been playing for more than eight seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the current track. The track
number will appear on the display. If you hold the
pushbutton or press it more than once, the player will
continue moving back through the disc.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
The track number will appear on the display. If you
hold the pushbutton or press it more than once,
the player will continue moving forward through the disc.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Release it to play
the passage. The display will show elapsed time
while reversing.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Release it to play
the passage. The display will show elapsed time while
forwarding.
5 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RND will
appear on the display. Press RDM again to turn off
random play. OFF will appear on the display.
3-42
6 RPT (Repeat): Press this pushbutton once to hear a
track over again. RPT will appear on the display.
The current track will continue to repeat. Press RPT
again to turn off repeated play. OFF will appear on
the display.
4
SEEK D : Press the right or the left arrow 10 go to
the next or to the previous track. The track number
will appear on the display.
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to see the current track
number or howlong the currenttrack has been playing.
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is in the player. The disc will stop but remain in the
player.
CD: With a compact disc in the player and the radio
playing, press this button to play the compact disc.
CD will appear on the display.
A
(Eject): Press this button to eject a CD. Eject may
be activated with either the ignition or radio off. CDs
may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
Compact Disc Messages
Radio with CD (Up Level)
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
*
0
0
You’re driving on a very rough road, When the road
becomes smoother, the disc should play.
It’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn the knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
3-43
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system adjusts automatically
to make up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM or HIGH. AVOL will appear on
the display. Each higher setting will allow for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then as
you drive, automatic volume increases the volume as
necessary to overcome noise at any speed. The volume
level should always sound the same to you as you
drive. NONE will appear on the display if the radio
cannot determine the vehicle speed. If you don’t want
to use automatic volume, select OFF.
DlSP (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between radio station frequency and time. Time
display is available with the ignition turned off.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM, FMI
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
4 SEEK b : Press the right or the left arrow to seek
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
4 PSCAN (Preset Scan) b : Press and hold one of
the arrows for more than two seconds and the radio
will produce one beep. The radio will scan to the
first preset station stored on the pushbuttons, play for a
few seconds and flash the station frequency, then go
on to the next preset station. SCAN will be displayed.
Press one of the arrows again or one of the pushbuttons
to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to thepreset stations that arein
the selected band and onlyto those with a strong signal.
3-44
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (BassTTreble)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FMI and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, you
may want to decrease the treble.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FMI or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to choose the bass and treble
equalization that best suits the type of station you
are listening to.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons. The radio will produce one beep.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton,
the station you set will return and the bass
and treble equalization that you selected will also
be automatically selected for that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
To adjust the bass and the treble to the middle position,
push and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and adjust the display level to the middle
position.
To adjust all tone and leakermtrols
to the middle
position, push and holu Lhe ALvIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. You will hear one
beep and the radio will display ALL. The bass and the
treble will be adjusted to the middle position.
AUTO TONE (Automatic Tone): Press this button to
choose bass and treble equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock and classical
stations.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode,
push and release the AUTO TONE button until MANUAL
is displayed.
3-45
1
-:sting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO
knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the fade, push and release the AUDIOknob
until FADE appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and the fade to the middle position,
push the AUDIO knob, thenpush it again and hold it until
you hear one beep. The balance and the fade will be
adjusted to the middle position and the display will show
the speaker balance.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or
speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce one
beep and display ALL with the level display in the middle
position.
3-46
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use on
FM stations that broadcast RDS information. Using RDS,
your radio can do the following:
Seek to stations broadcasting a selected type of
programming,
* receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
display messages from radio stations, and
seek to stations with traffic announcements.
The RDS features of your radio rely upon receiving
specific RDS information from these stations and
will only work when this information is available. In rare
cases, a radio station may broadcast incorrect
information that will cause the radio features to work
improperly. If this happens, contact the radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the call lettersor
the station name will appear on the display instead of
the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming and the name of the program being
broadcast.
DlSP (Display): Press this knob to change what
appears on the display while using RDS. The display
options are station name, RDS station frequency,
PTY and the name of the program (if available).
Pressing and holding this knob will activate the RDS
default display.
Finding PTY Stations
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Turn the P-TYPE LIST knob. TYPE and a PTY
will be displayed on the screen.
2. Select a category by turning the P-TYPE knob.
3. Once the desired category is displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button to select the category and take
you to the category’s first station.
4. If you wantto go to another station within that
category and the categoryis displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button once.If the category is not
displayed, press the SEEK TYPE
button twice to
display the category and then to go to another
station.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with
the same program type. Press and hold BAND for
two seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON
will appear on the display. The radio may switch
to stronger stations. Press and hold BAND again for
two seconds to turn alternate frequency off, AF OFF
will appear on the display. The radio will not switch to
other stations.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a compact disc is playing. If the compact disc player
is playing, play will stop during the announcement.
You will not be able to turn off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
5. If PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
3-47
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on
the display. Press this button to see the message.
The message may display the artist and song title,
call in phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of it will
appear every three seconds. To scroll through the
message at your own speed, press the INFO button
repeatedly. A new group of words will appear on
the display with each press. Once the complete
message has been displayed, the information symbol
will disappear from the display until another new
message is received. The old message can be displayed
by pressing the INFO button until a new message is
received or a different station is tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station,
NO INFO will be displayed.
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to seek to a station
that broadcasts traffic announcements. TRAF will appear
on the display. If no station is found, NO TRAF will
appear on the display.
3-48
When a traffic announcement comes on the current
station or on a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a compact disc is
playing. The traffic symbol and TRAFFIC will appear
on the display while the announcement plays. If the
compact disc player was being used, play will stop
during the announcement.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): This message is
displayed when the radio has not been calibrated
properly for the vehicle. You must return to the
dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK@ system haslocked up. You must return
to the dealership for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Playing a Compact Disc
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull it in and the disc should begin
playing. The display will show the CD symbol. If you
want to insert a compact disc with the ignition off,
first press DlSP or EJT.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to
the previous track if the current track has been playing
for less than eight seconds. If pressed when the
current track has been playing for more than eight
seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more
than once, the player will continue moving back through
the disc.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
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once, the player will continue moving forward through
the disc.
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the track.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to advance at 17 times
the normal playing speed. Release it to play the track.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM ON
will appear on the display. RDM T and the track number
will appear on the display when eachtrack starts to play.
Press RDM again to turn off random play. RDM OFF will
appear on the display.
4
SEEK b : Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current or of the previous track. Press the right
arrow to go to the start of the next track. If either of the
arrows is held or pressed more than once, the player
will continue moving backward or forward through
the CD.
3-49
DlSP (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time
will appear on the display. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press
the knob until you see the display you want, then hold
the knob for two seconds. The radio will produce
one beep.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The CD will stop but remain in the player.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio.
A
EJT {Eject): Press this button to eject a CD.
Eject may be activated with either the ignition or radio
off. CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off
if this button is pressed first.
3-50
Compact Disc Messages
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
* You’re driving on a very rough road. When the road
becomes smoother, the disc should play.
It’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Radio with Cassette and CD
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system adjusts automatically
to make up for road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select LOW, MEDIUM or HIGH. AVOL will appear on
the display. Each higher setting will allow for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then as
you drive, automatic volume increases the volume as
necessary to overcome noise at any speed. The volume
level should always sound the same to you as you
drive. NONE will appear on the display if the radio
cannot determine the vehicle speed. If you don’t want to
use automatic volume, select OFF.
Playing the Radio
DlSP (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between time and radio station frequency. Time
display is available with the ignition turned off.
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn the knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
3-51
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display will show your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations
(six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the
following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
4
SEEK b : Press the right or the left arrow to seek
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
4
PSCAN (Preset Scan) b : Press and hold one of
the arrows for more than two seconds. The radio will
produce one beep. The radio will scan through each of
the preset stations stored on the pushbuttons, play fora
few seconds, then goon to the next preset station. SCAN
will be displayed. Press one of the arrows again orone of
the pushbuttons to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to the preset stations that are in
the selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-52
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FMl or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to choose the bass and treble
equalization that best suits the type of station you
are listening to.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons. The radio will produce one beep.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton,
the station you set will return and the bass
and treble equalization that you selected will also
be automatically selected for that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Adjusting the Speakers (BalanceFade)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, you
may want to decrease the treble.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO
knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust bass and treble to the middle position, push
and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and adjust the display level to the middle
position.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in
the middle position.
AUTO TONE (Automatic Tone): Press this button to
choose bass and treble equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop,rock and classical
stations.
To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers,
push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE appears
on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound toward
the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
push the AUDIO knob then push it again and hold it until
you hear one beep. The balance and the fade will be
adjusted to the middle position and the display will show
the speaker balance.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in
the middle position.
To return the bass and treble to the manual mode,
push and release the AUTO TONE button until MANUAL
is displayed.
3-53
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use
only on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
Using RDS, the radio can do the following:
DlSP (Display): Press this knob to change what
appears on the display while using RDS. The display
options are station name, RDS station frequency,
PTY and the name of the program (if available).
Pressing and holding this knob will activate the RDS
default display.
Seek to stations broadcasting a selected type of
programming,
Finding PTY Stations
receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies,
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
display messages from radio stations, and
seek to stations with traffic announcements.
The RDS features of your radio rely upon receiving
specific RDS information from these stations and
will only work when this information is available.
In rare cases, a radio station may broadcast incorrect
information that will cause the radio features to
work improperly. If this happens, contact the radio
station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the call letters
or the station name will appear on the display instead of
the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming and the name of the program being
broadcast.
3-54
I . Turn the P-TYPE LIST knob. TYPE and a PTY
will be displayed on the screen.
2. Select a category by turning the P-TYPE knob.
3. Once the desired category is displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button to select the category and take
you to the category’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that
category and the category is displayed, press
the SEEK TYPE button once. If the category is
not displayed, press the SEEK TYPE button twice
to display the category and then togo to another
station.
5. If PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with
the same program type. Press and hold BAND for
two seconds to turn alternate frequency on. AF ON
will appear on the display. The radio may switch
to stronger stations. Press and hold BAND again for
two seconds to turn alternate frequency off. AF OFF
will appear on the display. The radio will not switch to
other stations.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a cassette tape or compact discis playing. If the
cassette tape or compact disc player is playing, play will
stop during the announcement. You will not be able
to turn off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on
the display. Press this button to see the message.
The message may display the artist and song title,
Cali in phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of it will
appear every three seconds. To scroll through the
message at your own speed, press the INFO button
repeatedly. A new group of words will appear on
the display with each press. Once the complete
message has been displayed, the information symbol
will disappear from the display until another new
message is received. The old message can be displayed
by pressing the INFO button until a new message is
received or a different station is tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station,
NO INFO will be displayed.
TRAF (Traffic): Press this button to seek to a station
that broadcasts traffic announcements. TRAF will appear
on the display. If no station is found, NO TRAF will
appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the current
station or on a related network station, you will hear it,
even if the volume is muted or a compact disc or
cassette
tape is playing. The traffic symbol and
---.I ntirt-~c;
wiii appear on the dispiay wniie tne
announcement plays. If the compact disc or casette
tape player is being used, play will stop during the
announcement.
3-55
Radio Messages
If you want to insert a tape while the ignition is off,
first press EJT or DISP.
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): This message is
displayed when the radio has not been calibrated
properly for the vehicle. You must return to the
dealership for service.
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette Tape
Messages” later in this section.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK@ system haslocked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapeslonger
than that are so thin they may not work well in this player
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the tape can
be inserted and will begin playing. A tape symbol is
shown on the display whenever atape is inserted. If you
hear nothing but a garbled sound, the tape may not be in
squarely. Press EJT to remove thetape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, AUDIO and
SEEK controls just as you do for the radio. The display
will show TAPE and an arrow showing which side of
the tape is playing.
3-56
1 PREV (Previous): Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for previous
to work. Press this pushbutton to go to the previous
selection on the tape if the current selection has been
playing for less than three seconds. If pressed when the
current selection has been playing from 3 to 13 seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the previous selection or
the beginning of the current selection, depending upon
the position on the tape. If pressed when the current
selection has been playing for more than 13 seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the current selection.
SEEK and a negative number will appear on the display
while the cassette player is in the previous mode.
Pressing this pushbutton multiple times or holding it
will increase the number of selections to be searched
back, up to -9.
2 NEXT: Your tape must have atleast three seconds of
silence between each selection fornext to work. Press
this pushbutton to go to the next
selection on the tape.
If you pressthe pushbutton more than once, the player
will continue moving forward through
the tape. SEEK and
a positive number will appear
on the display.
4
3 REV (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to reverse the
tape rapidly. Pressit again to return to playing speed.
The radio will play while the
tape reverses. The station
frequency and REV will appear on
the display. You may
select stations during reverse
operation using TUNE,
SEEK or PSCAN.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when
a tape is playing. The tape will stop but remain in
the player.
4 FWD (Forward): Press this pushbutton to advance
quickly. Press this pushbutton again to return to playing
speed. The radio will play while the tape advances.
The station frequency and FWD will appear on
the display. You may select stations during forward
operation by using TUNE, SEEK or PSCAN.
5 0 SIDE: Press this pushbutton to play the other side
of the taDe.
SEEK b : The right arrow is the same as the
NEXT pushbutton, and the left arrow is the same as the
PREV pushbutton. If the arrows are held or pressed
more than once, the player will continue moving forward
or backward through the tape. SEEK and a positive
or a negative number will appear on the display.
TAPE CD: Press this button to play a tape when
listening to the radio. Press TAPE CD to switch
between the tape and compact disc if both are loaded.
The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
A
EJT (Eject): Press this button, located to the right
of the cassette tape slot, to stopa tape when it is playing
or to ejecta tape when it is not playing.Eject may be
activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off if this button is pressed first.
3-57
Cassette Tape Messages
CD Adapter Kits
CHK TAPE (Check Tape): If this message appears on
the radio display, the tape won’t play because of one
of the following errors.
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after disabling the
tight/loose tape sensing feature on your tape player.
The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the tape
hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the
open end down and try to turn the right hub
counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over
and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily, your
tape may be damaged and should not be used in
the player. Try a new tape to make sure your player
is working properly.
To disable the feature, use the following steps:
e
The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
e
The tape is wrapped around the tape head.
Attempt to get the cassette out. Try a new tape.
The override feature will remain active until EJT is
pressed.
e
CLEAN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See Care
of Your Cassette Tape Player on page 3-62.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
3-58
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE CD button. The radio will
display READY and flash the cassette symbol.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot. It will
power up the radio and begin playing.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull it in and the disc should begin
playing. The display will show the CD symbol. If you
want to insert a compact disc with the ignition off,
first press DlSP or EJT.
If an error appears on the display, see “Compact Disc
Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the
previous track if the currenttrack has beenplaying for
less than eight seconds.
If pressed when the current track
has beenplaying for morethan eight seconds, it will go to
the beginning of the current track. TRACK
and the track
number will appear on the
display. If you hold this
pushbutton or press it morethan once, the player will
continue moving back through the
disc.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
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3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two secondsto reverse at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the passage.
The display will show ETand the elapsed time.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at six
times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the passage.
The display will show ET and the elapsed time.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM ON
will appear on the display. RDM T and the track
number will appear on the display when each track
starts to play. Press it again to turn off random play.
RDM OFF will appear on the display.
4
SEEK
: The right arrowisthesame
as the
NEXT pushbutton, and the left arrow is the same as
the PREV pushbutton. If either of the SEEK arrows is
held or pressed more than once, the player will continue
moving backward or forward through the CD.
3-59
DlSP (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has beenplaying. ET and the elapsed time
will appear onthe display. To change whatis normally
shown on thedisplay (track or elapsed time), press this
knob until you see the display you want, then hold this
knob for twoseconds. The radio will produce onebeep.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
disc is playing. The disc will stop but remain in the
player.
TAPE CD: Press this button to play a CD when listening
to the radio. Press TAPE CD to switch between the tape
and compactdisc if both are loaded. The inactive tape or
CD will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
A
EJT (Eject): Press this button, located to the right
of the CD slot,to eject a CD.Eject may be activated with
either the ignition or radio off. CDs may beloaded with
the radio and ignition off if this button is pressed first.
3-60
Compact Disc Messages
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display
and/or the disc comes out, it could be for one of
the following reasons:
0
You’re driving on a very rough road. When the road
becomes smoother, the disc should play.
It’s very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
The disc is dirty, scratched, wet or upside down.
It is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, contact your dealer.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
(Non-RDS Radios)
THEFTLOCK@is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. The feature works automatically by learning
a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will
not operate and LOC will be displayed.
With THEFTLOCK@activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
(RDS Radios)
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can
pick up noise from things like storms and power lines.
Try reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you
ever get it.
FM
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
THEFTLOCK@is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. The feature works automatically by learning
a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will
not operate and LOCKED will be displayed.
When the ignition is off and RAP is not active, the
blinking red light indicates that THEFTLOCK is armed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
3-6 1
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after
every 50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN
to indicate that you have used your tape player for
50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If this
message appears on the display, your cassette
tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to your tapes and player. If you
notice a reduction in sound quality, try a known good
cassette to see if the tape or the tape player is at fault.
If this other cassette has no improvement in sound
quality, clean the tape player.
For best results, use a scrubbing action, non-abrasive
cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape
head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. The
recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealership.
3-62
The broken tape detection feature of your cassette tape
player may identify the cleaning cassette as a damaged
tape, in error. Toprevent the cleaning cassette from
being ejected, usethe following steps:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE CD button for five
seconds. READY will appear on the display
and a cassette symbol will flash for five seconds.
4. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
After the cleaning cassette is ejected, the broken tape
detection feature will be active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to
clean the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will
not eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner
may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type
cleaner. The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type
cleaning cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold the EJT
button for five seconds to reset the CLEAN indicator.
The radio will display CLEANED to show the indicator
was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your CDs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and awayfrom direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen
a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer
edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever
become slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand.
If the mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals,
you should replace it.
Check occasionally to be sure the mast is still tightened
to the fender. If tightening is required, tighten by
hand, then with a wrench one quarter turn.
Chime Level Adjustment
Chime level adjustment is only available on RDS radios.
The radio is the vehicle chime producer. The chime is
produced from the driver’s side front door speakers.
To change the volume level, press and hold
pushbutton 6 with the ignition on and the radio power
off. The chime volume level will change from the normal
level to loud, and LOUD will be displayed on the
radio. To change back to the default or normal setting,
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The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
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will change from the loud level to normal, and NORMAL
will be displayed. Each time the chime volume is
changed, three chimes will sound as an example of the
new volume selected. Removing the radio and not
replacing it with a factory radio or chime module will
aisabie venicie chimes.
3-63
.bNOTES
3-64
Driving Your V
Your Driving. the Road. and Your Vehicle .......... 4-2
Defensive Driving ........................................... 4.2
Drunken Driving ............................................. 4.3
Control of a Vehicle ........................................ 4-6
Braking ......................................................... 4-6
Steering ...................................................... 4-10
Off -Road Recovery ....................................... 4-12
Passing ....................................................... 4-12
Loss of Control ............................................. 4-14
Driving at Night ............................................ 4-15
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-16
City Driving .................................................. 4-19
Freeway Driving ...........................................
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................
Highway Hypnosis ........................................
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................
Winter Driving ..............................................
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow ..............................................
Towing ..........................................................
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................
Towing a Trailer ...........................................
4.20
4-21
4-22
4-22
4-24
4-28
4-29
4-29
4-29
4-32
4-34
4- 1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-7.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
4-2
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventableof
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It’s the best defensive driving maneuver, in both
city and rural driving. You never know when the vehicle
in
front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task - such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor - makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off the
road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway deathtoll, claiming thousands of victims
every year,
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
Judgment
0
MuscularCoordination
0
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults - by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population - choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it’s against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol
and then drive. But what if people do? How much is
“too much” if someone plans to drive? It‘s a lot less than
many might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
0
The amount of alcohol consumed
The drinker’s body weight
0
The amount of food that is consumed before and
&Kizg d r k k i q
The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
4-3
According to the American Medical Association,
a 180 Ib (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,
the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
A person who consumes food just before or during
drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower.
For example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and
Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in
the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “1’11 be careful’’ isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the
street? A person with even a moderate BAC might not
be able to react quickly enoughto avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can makecrash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who
has been
drinking - driver or passenger- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
_.jnking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness
and judgement can be affected by even a
small amount of alcohol. You can have a
serious - or even fatal - collision if you
drive after drinking. Please don’t drink and
drive or ride with a driver who has been
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if you’re with
grczuis,psigGG;e drive;- ..“pIG V 4 I ; not di*;rlk.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go, Theyare the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems haveto do their work at
the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second.
But that’s only an average. It might be less with one
driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs
and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency,
so keeping enough space between your vehicle and
others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of
the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice,
it’s easy to ask more of those control systems than the
tires and road can provide. That means you can
lose control of your vehicle.
4-6
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts - heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking - rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is
a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
That means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle may have anti-lock brakes. ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
If your vehicle has anti-lock
brakes, this warning light
on the instrument panel will
come on briefly when
you start your vehicle.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and
road conditions. This can help you steer around
the obstacle while braking hard.
Let’s say the road is wet and you’re driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you.
You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here’s what happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each wheel.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on
wheel speed andcontrols braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you won’t have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel a
slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise, but
this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
At some time, nearly every driver gets into a situation
that requires hard braking.
If you have anti-lock, you can steer and brake at
the same time. However, if you don’t have anti-lock,
your first reaction - to hit the brake pedal hard
and hold it down - may be the wrong thing to do.
Your wheels can stop rolling. Once they do, the vehicle
can’t respond to your steering. Momentum will carry
it in whatever direction it was headed when the wheels
stopped rolling. That could be off the road, into the
very thing you were trying to avoid, or into traffic.
If you don’t have anti-lock, use a “squeeze” braking
technique. This will give you maximum braking while
maintaining steering control. You can do this by pushing
on the brake pedal with steadily increasing pressure.
In an emergency, you will probably want to squeeze the
brakes hard without locking the wheels. If you hear or
feel the wheels sliding, ease off the brake pedal.
This will help you retain steering control. If you do have
anti-lock, it’s different. See “Anti-Lock Brakes.’’
In many emergencies, steering can help you more than
even the very best braking.
4-9
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves.
Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction.
If you’ve ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice,
you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends onthe
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the one factor you cancontrol.
4-10
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly apply the brakes. Both control
systems - steering and braking - have to do their
work where the tires meet the road. Unless you
have four-wheel anti-lock brakes, adding the hard
braking can demand too much of those places.
You can lose control.
The same thing can happenif you’re steering througha
sharp curve and you suddenly accelerate. Those two
control systems - steering and acceleration- can
overwhelm those places where thetires meet the road
and make youlose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the brake or accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way
you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions.
Under less favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times whensteering can be moreeffective than
braking. For example, you come over hill
a and find a
truck stopped in your lane,or a car suddenly pulls out
from nowhere, or a child darts out from between parked
cars and stops right
in front of you. You canavoid
these problems bybraking - if you can stopin time.
But sometimes you can’t;there isn’t room. That’s the
time for evasiveaction - steering around the problem.
Your vehicle can performvery well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes - but, unless you
have anti-lock, not enough to lock your wheels.
See Braking on page 4-6. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision.
Then steer around the problem, to the left or right
depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-1 1
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents - the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
8
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
4-12
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass,
wait for a better time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it’s all
right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear).
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For
one thing, following too closely reduces your area
of vision, especially if you’re following a larger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if the
vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep
back a reasonable distance.
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
don’t get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move
into the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you
will have a “running start” that more than makes
up for the distance you would lose by dropping
back. And if something happens to cause you to
cancel your pass, you need only slow down
and drop back again and wait for another
opportunity.
0
If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone isn’t
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder
and check the blind spot.
* Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder,
and start your left lane change signal before moving
out of the right lane to pass. When you are far
enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its
front in your inside mirror, activate your right lane
change signal and move back into the right
lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror is
convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem to
be farther away from you than it really is.)
0
0
0
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing
the next vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing,
it may be slowing down or starting to turn.
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
4-13
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happens
when the three control systems (brakes,steering and
acceleration) don’t have enoughfriction where the tires
meet the road to do whatthe driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of
less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and
by not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are
always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed orsteering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
4-14
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your footoff the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction,
try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues - such as enough water, ice or packed snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface” - and slow
down when you have any doubt.
If you have the anti-lock braking system, remember:
It helps avoid only the braking skid. If you do not have
anti-lock, then in a braking skid (where the wheels
are no longer rolling), release enough pressure on the
brakes to get the wheels rolling again. This restores
steering control. Push the brake pedal down steadily
when you have to stop suddenly. As long as the wheels
are rolling, you will have steering control.
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink anddrive.
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
A
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your headlamps can light up only so much
road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Nightdriving is moredangerous than day driving.
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No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
1,-
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impaired - by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-15
What you doin the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spendthe day in bright
sunshine youare wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They maycut
down on glare from headlamps,but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two,or even
several seconds, for your eyesto readjust to the dark.
When you arefaced with severe glare (as from a driver
who doesn’t lower the high beams, or avehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down alittle. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean - inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlampslight up farless of a
roadway when youare in a turn or curve. Keep your eyes
moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly lighted
objects. Just as your headlampsshould be checked
regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes be
examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness - the inability to see in dim light - and aren’t
even aware of it.
4-16
W
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On
a wet
road, youcan’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have muchtread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’salways wiseto go slower and
be cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving.
The surface may getwet suddenly when your reflexes
are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the
harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiperblades are in good shape, a heavyrain
can makeit harder to see road signs and trafficsignals,
pavement markings, the edge
of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank
filled with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signsof streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you can’t, try to slow down before you
hit them.
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
4-17
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and
you’re going fast enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if
your tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in
one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is
standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles or other vehicles, and
raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbodyof your vehicle.
If you can’t avoid deep puddles or standing
water, drive through them very slowly.
4-1 8
Driving Through Flowing Water
Flowing or rushingwater creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you
might at a lowwater crossing, your vehicle
can be carried away. As little as six inchesof
flowing water can carryaway a smaller vehicle.
If this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown.Don’t ignore police
warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious
about trying to drive through flowing
water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See Tires on page 5-52.
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
0
e
Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would for
a cross-country trip.
Try to use ‘the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You’ll save time and energy.
See the next part, “Freeway Driving.”
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
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what the other drivers are doing and pay attention
to traffic signals.
4-19
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is:
Keep up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to
the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as
you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin
to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect
to blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at
close to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal,
check your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as
often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the
traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
4-20
When you want tc ~ _ a vthe
e freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit,
do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up.
Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed
according to your speedometer, not to your sense
of motion. After driving for any distance at higher
speeds, you may tend to think you are going slower
than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re notfresh - such as after a day’s
work - don’t plan to make too many miles that first
part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes
you can easily drive in.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
8
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservior full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to
the recommended pressure?
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll tind experienced and able service experts
in dealerships all across North America. They’ll be
ready and willing to help if you need it.
4-2 1
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such acondition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on
the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of
the wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy.
Don’t let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle
can leave the road in less than a second, and you
could crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
4-22
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you're
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can
make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
to do all the workof slowing down. They could
get so hot that they wouldn't work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down ahill. You could crash. Always
have your engine running and your vehiclein
gear when you go downhill.
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go down a steep or long hill.
e
If you don't shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they wouldn't work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let
your engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhiii siope.
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Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest gear
possible.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don't swing wide or
cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds
that let you stay in your own lane.
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be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
You may see highwaysigns on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passin" or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area
or win&ng roads. Bealert to these and take
appropriate action.
4-23
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
4-24
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And,
if you will be driving under severe conditions, include
a small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple
of burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation.
You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to
be very careful.
4-25
Remember, unless you have anti-lock, if you brake so
hard that your wheels stop rolling, you’ll just slide.
Brake so your wheels always keep rolling and you can
still steer.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Whatever your braking system, allow greater
following distance on any slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear
in shaded areas where the sun can’t reach:
around clumps of trees, behind buildings or under
bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or
an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding
roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead
of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to brake
while you’re actually on the ice, and avoid sudden
steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are
near help and you can hike through the snow. Here are
some things to do to summon help and keep yourself
and your passengers safe:
0
4-26
Turn on your hazard flashers.
Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
floor mats - anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
Snow can trapexh-.-Jst gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. C 8 could
overcome you and killyou. You can’t see it or
smell it, so you might not know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
base of your vehicle, especially any that
is
blocking your exhaust pipe.And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will
help keep 60 out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
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faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get
and it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
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You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
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4-27
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from thecold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long asyou can. To helpkeep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
If Yc, Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will need
to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin your wheels
too fast. The method knownas “rocking” can help you get
out when you’re stuck,but you must use caution.
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Whenyou’restuck,spil
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le as
possible. Don’t spin the wheels above35 mph
(55 km/h) as shown on the speedometer.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts
of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin
the wheels too fast while shifting your transaxle
back and forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
See “Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out.’’
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see Tire Chains on page 5-60
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
If you let your 3s spin a--.-=-1 speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured.
And, the transaxleor other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other
damage.
I-..
CAUTION:
4-28
(Continued)
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will clear
the area around your front wheels. Then shift back and
forth between REVERSE (R) and aforward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, andpress lightly on the
accelerator pedal when thetransaxle is in gear. By slowly
spinning your wheelsin the forward and reverse
directions, you will cause arocking motion that mayfree
your vehicle. If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries,
you may needto be towedout. If you do needto be
towed out, see“Towing Your Vehicle” following.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service
if you need to have your disabled vehicle towed.
See Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-5.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
for recreational purposes(such as behind a motorhome),
see Recreational Vehicle Towing on page 4-29.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Hecreational vehicletowing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle- such as behind a motorhome.
The two most commontypes of recreational vehicle
towing are knownas “dinghy towing” (towing your vehicle
with all four wheels on the
ground) and “dollytowing”
(towingyour vehicle with two wheels on the ground
and
two wheels up ona device knownas a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicle can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing”, following.
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
a
What’s the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
a
How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
a
Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional for
additional advice and equipment recommendations.
a
Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you
would prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll
want to make sure your vehicle is prepared to be
towed. See Before Leaving on a Long Trip on
page 4-21.
4-29
Dinghy Towing
To tow your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground,
follow these steps:
m
4. To prevent your battery from draining while the
vehicle is being towed, remove the following
fuses from the driver’s side instrument panel fuse
block: A) Wiper, G) Powertrain Control Module
and J) Body Function Control Module. See
“Instrument Panel Fuse Block (Driver’s Side)” in
Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-82 for
location of these fuses.
5. Turn the ignition switch to ACCESSORY.
6. Shift your transaxle to NEUTRAL (N).
7. Release the parking brake.
Remember to install the fuses once you reach your
destination. To reinstall a fuse:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Remove the key from the ignition switch.
3. Reinstall the fuse.
1. Position the vehicle to tow and then secure it.
2. Turn the ignition switch to OFF.
3. Set the parking brake.
4-30
Notice: Make sure that the towing speed does not
exceed 65 mph (110 km/h), or your vehicle could
be badly damaged.
Dolly Towing
To tow your vehicle with a dolly and two wheels on the
ground, follow these steps:
I
Notice: Do not tow your vehicle from the rear.
Your vehicle could be badly damaged and the
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
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3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position with a clamping device designed for towing.
5. Release the parking brake.
4-31
Loading Your Vehicle
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
FRT. CTR. RR.
TOTAL LBS.
KG
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE
GVWR
GAWR
FRT
GAWR
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY WEIGHT
XXX
COLD
TIRE
PRESSURE
SPEED
TIRE SIZE
PSI!KPa
RTG
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRESARE HOT, ADD 4PSI:'28KPa
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THEDATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
;"
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information
label found on the rear edge of the driver's door tells
you the proper size, speed rating and recommended
:inflation pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also
gives you important information about the number
of people that can be in your vehicle and the total weight
that you can carry. This weight is called the Vehicle
Capacity Weight, and includes the weight of all
occupants, cargo and all nonfactory-installed options.
4-32
RR
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver's door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front
or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you shouldspread it
out. Don’t carry more than132 Ibs. (60 kg) in your trunk.
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
Thing jou put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
0 Put things in the trunk of your vehicle.
In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicleso that some of them
are above the topsof the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Dan’t leave a seat folded down unless
you need to.
4-33
Towing a Trailer
If yyu don’t use the correct equipment and
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well or even
at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. You may also damage your
vehicle; the resulting repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.Pull a trailer only if
you have followed all the steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice and information
about towing a trailer with your vehicle.
--
4-34
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what
the vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that
appears later in this section. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes correct equipment,
and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested,
important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of
these are important for your safety and that of your
passengers. So please read this section carefully before
you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components suchas the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine
is
required to operate at relativelyhigher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull a Trailer
Weight of the Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
0
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live
but also where you’ll be driving. A good source for
this information can be state or provincial police.
Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
*
0
0
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your newvehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
Then, duringthe first 500 miles (800 km) that you tow
a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and don’t
make starts atfull throttle. This helps your engine
and otherparts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
non’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no morethan 55 mph (90 km/h), to
save wear on your
vehicle’s parts.
It should never weigh more than 1,000 Ibs. (450 kg).
But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how youplan to use your rig. For example,
speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and
how muchyour vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all
important. And, it canalso depend on anyspecial
equipment that you have on your
vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Chevrolet Customer Assistance
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
0
the weight of the trailer,
0
the weight of the traiier tongue
and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
4-35
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight
of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you
may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in
the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must add the
tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle will
be carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-32 for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
A
4-36
B
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch or a
weight-distributing hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should
weigh 10-15 percent of the total loaded trailer
weight (8).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and then
the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are proper.
If they aren’t, you may beable to get them right simplyby
moving someitems around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on
the Tire-Loading Information label at the rear edge of
the driver’s door or see Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-32. Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW
limit for your vehicle, including the weight of the
trailer tongue.
Hitches
Safety Chains
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Here are some rules to follow:
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to
the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so youcan turn with
your rig. And, never allow safety chains to drag on
the ground.
The rear bumperon your vehicie is not intended
for hitches. Do notattach rental hitches or other
bumper-typehitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does notattach to the bumper.
0
Will you haveto make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when youinstall a trailer hitch? If you do,then
be sure to seal the
holes later when you removethe
hitch. If you don’t sealthem, deadly carbon monoxide
(CO) from your exhaust can getinto your vehicle.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-28. Dirt and water
can, too.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes?
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain
them properly. And because you may have
anti-lock
brakes, do not try to tap into your vehicle’s brake system.
If you do, both systems won’t work well, or at
all.
4-37
Driving with a Trailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be
sure the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
4-38
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good
deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
Making Turns
Driving On Grades
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
Notice: Do not tow on steep continuous grades
exceeding 6 miles (9.6 km). Extended, higher
than normal engine and transaxle temperatures may
result and damage your vehicle. Frequent stops
are very importar;: to alllow the engine and transaxle
to cool.
When you’returning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signalwell in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need additional
wiring. Check with your dealer. The arrows on your
instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a turn or
lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps
will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seelng your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
Pay attention to the engine coolant gage. If the indicator
is in the red area, turn off the air conditioning to
reduce engine load. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-23.
4-39
Parking on Hills
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake and shift into PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
startyour engine,
shift into a gear, and
release the parking brake.
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
wheels.
4-40
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See f a t i A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services on page 6-4 for more on this. Things that are
especially important in trailer operation are automatic
transaxle fluid (don’t overfill), engine oil, drive belt,
cooling system and brake system. Each of these
is covered in this manual, and the Index will help you
find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to
review this information before you start your trip.
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See Engine Overheating
on page 5-23.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
4-41
N
P
f
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................ 5.3
Doing Your Own Service Work ......................... 5.3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .............................................. 5-4
Fuel ............................................................... 5 - 5
Gasoline Octane ............................................ 5.5
Gasoline Specifications .................................... 5.5
California Fuel ............................................... 5.6
Additives ....................................................... 5.6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ............................... 5.7
Filling Your Tank ............................................ 5-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ....................... 5-9
Checking Things Under the Hood .................... 5.10
Hood Release .............................................. 5. 10
Engine Compartment Overview ....................... 5.12
Engine Oil ................................................... 5.13
Engine Air CleanedFilter ................................ 5.17
Automatic Transaxle Fluid .............................. 5.18
E!?cJIr?E!C!x!2.?.t ............................................. "
"-1 9
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap .................. 5-22
Engine Overheating ....................................... 5.23
Cooling System ............................................ 5.25
Power Steering Fluid ..................................... 5.32
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................ 5.33
Brakes ........................................................ 5-34
Battery ........................................................ 5-38
Jump Starting .............................................. 5-39
Bulb Replacement .......................................... 5.45
Halogen Bulbs .............................................. 5.45
Headlamps .................................................. 5.45
Front Turn Signal Lamps ............................... 5.47
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) .........5.47
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps ......................................... 5-48
Replacement Bulbs ....................................... 5.50
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement .............. 5.51
Tires ..............................................................
5.52
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................ 5-53
Tire Inspection and Rotation ........................... 5.54
When It Is Time for New Tires ....................... 5.55
Buying New Tires ......................................... 5.56
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .......................... 5.57
vvneei Hiignrnent ana Tire Baiance .................. 3-36
Wheel Replacement ...................................... 5.58
Tire Chains .................................................. 5.60
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................ 5.60
Changing a Flat Tire ..................................... 5-61
Compact Spare Tire ...................................... 5.71
..
~~
~
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Appearance Care ............................................
5.72
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ................. 5-72
Care of Safety Belts ...................................... 5-75
Weatherstrips ............................................... 5-75
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .............. 5-75
Sheet Metal Damage ..................................... 5-77
Finish Damage ............................................. 5-77
Underbody Maintenance ................................ 5-78
Chemical Paint Spotting ................................. 5-78
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ........... 5-78
Vehicle Identification ..................................... 5-80
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .................5-80
Service Parts Identification Label .................... 5-80
5-2
Electrical System ............................................ 5.81
Add-on Electrical Equipment .......................... 5.81
Headlamp Wiring ......................................... 55-81
Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................ 5-81
Power Windows and Other Power Options .......5.81
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ............................ 5.82
Capacities and Specifications .......................... 5-87
Capacities and Specifications ......................... 5.87
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........5.88
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work,
you’ll want to use the proper service manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your vehicle than
this manual can. To order the proper service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering information on
page 7-10.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-59.
5-3
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See Pat? E: Maintenance Record on page 6-23.
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
5-4
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle
can affect the airflow around it. This may cause
wind noise and affect windshield washer performance.
Check with your dealer before adding equipment to
the outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
Gasoline Specifications
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by the American Automobile
Manufacturers Association and endorsed by the
Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers Association for better
vehicle performance and engine protection. Gasoline
meeting these specifications could provide improved
driveability and emission control system performance
compared to other gasoline.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of
87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may get a
heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this occurs,
use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as soon as
possible. Otherwise, youmight damage yourengine.
A little pinging noise when you accelerate or drive uphill is
considered normal. This does not indicate a problem
exists or thata higher-octanefuel is necessary. If you are
using 87octane or higher-octanefuel and hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs
service.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the pump.
I
Canada Only
5-5
California Fuel
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see Malfunction lndicator Lamp on page 3-31 )
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is
caused by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be
covered by your warranty.
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in theUnited States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not haveto add anything to your fuel.
5-6
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available
in your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you usethese gasolines, particularlyif
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage wouldn’t be covered under your
warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienylmanganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors
does not recommend the use of such gasolines.
Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs
and the performance of the emission control system
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
GM dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
Filling Your Tank
Fuel vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
ne-’+
r m r r r ~ r:c
n,
YVII c ~ I I U U I \ G
II y u u
+..-I
The fuel cap is located behind a hinged door on the
passenger’s side of your vehicle. To openthe door,
insert your finger into the finger depression next to the
fuel door.
w...+a.-n:-~cructr~~y
l y
I G IIGQIIUGI VI
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from fuel.
5-7
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it;
if you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to
the right.
If you get fuel on yourself and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel can
spray out on you if you open the fuelcap too
quickly. This spray can happen if your tank is
nearly full, and is more likely in hot weather.
Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for any
“hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap
all the way.
While refueling, hang the tethered cap inside the
fuel door.
L
Be careful not to spill fuel. Clean fuel from painted
surfaces as soon as possible. See Cleaning the Outside
of Your Vehicle on page 5-75.
5-8
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See Malfunction lndicator Lamp on
page 3-3 1.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See “Malfunction lndicator Lamp” in the
Index.
Fi”’ng a Portable Fuel Co ‘ainer
-
Never fill a portable fuel container whileit is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignitethe gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
you and others:
0 Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
0 Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-9
Checking Things Under
the Hood
Hood Release
To open the hood, do the following:
1. Pull the hood release
handle located inside the
vehicle to the left of
the parking brake.
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
I
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids likefuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others couldbe burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill thingsthat will burn onto a hot engine.
5-10
4. Release the hood prop
rod from its retainer and
put the hood prop
into the slot marked
PROP ROD.
2, Then go to the front of the vehicle and lift the
secondary hood release handle before lifting
the hood.
3. Lift the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are
on properly. Lift the hood to relieve pressure on the hood
prop. Then let the hood drop from about 8 to 12 inches
(20 to 30 cm) above the vehicle to latch fully. Check
to make sure the hood is closed and repeat the
procedure if necessary.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, you’ll see the following:
5-12
Checking Engine Oil
A. Engine Coolant Surge Tank
B. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
C. Engine Oil Fill Cap
D.Engine Oil Dipstick
E. Brake Fluid Reservoir
F. Engine Compartment Fuse Block
G. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
H. Battery
I. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
Engine Oil
CHECK
OIL
If the CHECK OIL light
appears on theinstrument
cluster, it means you need
to check yourengine oil
level right away. For more
information, see Check Oil
Level Light on page 3-35.
It's a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick is
located in the front of the
engine compartment.
The top of the dipstick
is a round, yellow
loop. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5- 12 for more
information on location.
Turn off the engine and givethe oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don't, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Fuii iile ciipsiick a d ciearl ii w i t ] a paper iowei or ciuiil,
then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down and check the level.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
5-13
Notice: Don’t add too much oil. If your engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets above the
upper mark that shows the proper operating range,
your engine could be damaged.
-I
SAE 5W-30
L
For engine oil fill cap
location see Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5- 12.
d
m
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below thecross-hatched line, then you’ll
need to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use
the right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-87.
5-14
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
~~
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use
any oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
-
If you choose to perform
the engine oil change
service yourself, be sure
the oil you use has
the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil
container. If you have
your oil changed for you,
be sure the oil put into
your engine is American
Petroleum Institute certified
for gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the viscosity chart.
LOOK
FOR THIS
SYMBOL
HOT
WEATHER
7
r
"F
100 -
t 38
t 80
t 27
+ 60 -
+ 16
+ 40 -
r b
+ 20
-1
0-
18
/
( 1
,-
I-
I-J
m-
SAE 1OW-30
ACCEPTABLE
IF 5W-30 IS NOT
AVAILABLE
SAE 5W-30
J!!!5,
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
VISCOSITY GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
5-15
As in the chart shown previously, SAE 5W-30 is the
only viscosity grade recommended for your vehicle.
You should look for and use only oils which have the
API Starburst symbol and which are also identified
as SAE 5W-30. If you cannot find such SAE 5W-30 oils,
you can use an SAE IOW-30 oil which has the API
Starburst symbol, if it's going to be 0°F (-18°C)
or above. Do not use other viscosity grade oils, such as
SAE IOW-40 or SAE 20W-50 under any conditions.
Notice: Use only engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM Goodwrench@oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below -20°F (-29"C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE OW-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Don't add anything to your oil. The recommended
oils with the starburst symbol are all you will need for
good performance and engine protection.
5-16
When to Change Engine Oil
If any one of these is true for you, use the short tripkity
maintenance schedule:
e
Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is
particularly important when outside temperatures
are below freezing.
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
e
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top
of your vehicle.
e
The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving under these conditions causes engine oil to
break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your
vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months - whichever
occurs first.
If none of them is true, use the long trip/highway
maintenance schedule. Change oil and filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months - whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine
under highway conditions will cause engine oil to
break down slower.
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin andcould even cause cancer.
Don’t let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat
to the environment. If you
change your ownoil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter beforedisposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it in
the trash,pouring it on the ground,into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead,recycle it by taking it
to a place thatcollects used oil. If you have a problem
properly disposing of your used oil, ask your dealer,
a service station or a local recycling center for help.
The engine air cleanedfilter is located in the engine
compartment on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
more information on location.
5-17
To check or replace the engine air cleanedfilter,
do the following:
1. Remove the screws that hold the cover on.
2. Lift off the cover.
3. Check or replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
See Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
on page 5-88 for replacement part numbers.
4. Put the cover back on tightly.
See Using Your Maintenance Schedule on page 6-4 for
replacement intervals.
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned.
The air cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops
flame if the engine backfires. If it isn’t there
and the engine backfires, you could be burned.
Don’t drive with it off, and be careful working
on the engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And,
dirt can easily get
into yourengine, which will damage it. Always have
the air cleaner/filter in place when you’redriving.
5-18
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid level.
A transaxle fluid leak is the only reason for fluid loss.
If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to the dealership
service department and have it repaired as soon as
possible. You may also have your fluid level checked
by your dealer or service center when you have your
oil changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
Notice: We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON@-III,because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON@-Ill
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL@ enginecoolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add
only DEX-COOL@extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on
page 5-23.
Notice: When adding coolant, it is important that
you use only DEX-COOL@(silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result.In addition, the engine
coolant will require change soonerat 30,000 miles
(50,000 km) or 24 months, whichewer occurs first,
Damage caused by the use of coolant other
than DEX-COOL@is not covered by your new
vehicle warranty.
--
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL@coolant will:
Give freezing protection down to -34" F (-37°C).
0
Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C)
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
0
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
5-19
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL@coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you don’t need to add r r t h i n g else.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly
damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixturecan freeze
and crack the engine, radiator,heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
m
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain
water, or some other
liquid suchas alcohol, can boil before the
proper coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s
coolant warning systemis set for the proper
coolant mixture. With plain water or the wrong
too hot but you
mixture, your engine could get
wouldn’t get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could be
burned. Use a50150 mixture of clean, drinkable
water andDEX-COOL@coolant.
5-20
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you don’t
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system.These can be harmful.
Checking Coolant
The engine coolant surge tank is located in the engine
compartment on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overviewon page 5-12
for more information on location.
5-21
m
If the low coolant light
comes on and stays on,
it means you’re low
on engine coolant.
See Low Coolant Warning Light on page 3-30for more
information.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper QEX-COOL@
coolant mixture at the surge tank, but only when the
engine is cool. If the surge tank is empty, a special fill
procedure is necessary. See Engine Overheating
on page 5-23 and Cooling System on page 5-25.
5-22
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts
are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hotengine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight.
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Nofice: Your pressure cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage and a low
coolant level warning light on your vehicle’s instrument
panel. See Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on
page 3-30 and Low Coolant Warning Light on page 3-30.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
Steam from an overheated engine canburn
you badly, even if you just open the hood.
Stay away from the engine if you see or hear
steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engineis
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned. Stop
your engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engineis cool.
Nofice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-23
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
An overheat warning, along with a low coolant light, can
indicate a serious problem. See Low Coolant Warning
Light on page 3-30.
If you get an engine overheat warning with no low
coolant light, but see or hear no steam, the problem may
not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a
little too hot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in NEUTRAL (N)
while stopped. If it is safe to do so, pull off the road,
shift to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the
engine idle.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
5-24
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
W
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood
can start up even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
A. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
B. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
5-25
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If you do, you can be burned. Don’t run the
engine if there is a leak. If you run the engine,
it could lose all coolant. That could causean
engine fire, and you could be burned. Get any
leak fixed before you drive
the vehicle.
The coolant level should be at or above theFULL COLD
mark. If it isn’t, you may have a leak at the
pressure cap
or in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water
pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.
5-26
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
Nofice; When adding coolant, it is important that
you use only DEX-COOL@(silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the engine
coolant will require change sooner
- at 30,000miles
(50 000 km) or 24 months, whichever occurs first.
Damage caused by the useof coolant other than
DEX-COOL@is not covered by your new vehicle
warranty.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
Nofice: This vehicle has a specific coolant fill
procedure. Failure to follow this procedure could
cause your engine to overheat and be severely
damaged.
If you haven’t found a problem yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is visible
but the coolant level isn’t at or above the FULL COLD
mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOL@coolant at the coolant surge tank,
but be sure the cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is cool before you do it.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-19 for more information.
5-27
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant
as follows:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly.They
are under pressure, and if you turn the coolant
surge tank pressure cap- even a little- they
can come out at high speed. Never turn the
cap when the cooling system, including the
coolant surge tank pressurecap, is hot. Wait
for the cooling system and coolant surge tank
pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn
the pressure cap.
Adding only plainwater to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain
water, or some other
liquid suchas alcohol, can boil before the
proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s
CAUTION: (Continued)
5-28
coolant warning system is set for t
proper
coolant mixture. With plain water or the wrong
mixture, your engine could get too hotbut YQU
wouldn’t get the overheat warning. Your
engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX COOL@coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant andthe proper
coolant mixture.
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
1
L
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
You can remove the coolant surge tank pressure
cap when the cooling system, including the
coolant surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator
hose, is no longer hot. Turn the pressure cap
sl~\Ah/cnl.!ntprclrllrck\.Mise (left) q h n ~twn
~ t or two and
one-half turns. If you hear a hiss, wait for that to
stop. This will allow any pressure still left to
be vented out the discharge hose.
5-29
2. Then keep turning the
pressure cap slowly,
and remove it.
3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the hash mark on the label. Wait about
five minutes, then check to see if the levelis below
the hash mark. If the level is below the hash mark,
add additional coolant to bring the level upto the
hash mark. Repeat this procedure until the level
remains constant at the hash mark for at least
five minutes.
5-30
L
L
15 PSI
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,
start the engine and let it run until you can feel
the upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for
the engine cooling fans.
,zi
105 kPa
I
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure cap is hand-tight and fully seated.
See your dealer, if necessary.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
sIJrge tank may be lower If the level is lower than
the FULL COLD mark, add more of the proper
mixture to the coolant surge tank until the
level reaches the FULL COLD mark.
5-31
Power Steering Fluid
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment
cool down,
wipe the cap andthe top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with
a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completelytighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid
level on the dipstick.
A
1
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
See Engine Compartment Overview on page5-12
for reservoir location.
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
5-32
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring
the level up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see Part D:
Recommended Fluids and Lubricantson page 6-22.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the washer symbol on it. Add washer
fluid until the tank is full.
What to Use
Notice:
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to
read the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you
will be operating your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
L
The windshield washer
fluid reservoir is located
on thedriver’s side of the
engine compartment.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5- 12 for
reservoir location.
When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
to freeze and
Water can cause the solution
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts of
the washer system.Also, water doesn’t clean as
well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters fu
when it’s very cold. This allows for expansion if
freezing occurs, which could damage the tank
if it is completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your washer
system and paint.
5-33
Brakes
Brake Fluid
7
DOT 3
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment. It is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5- 12.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level
in the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
5-34
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should have
your brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t
work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off1your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too
much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should
add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
If you have too much -.-._e fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
BRAKE
States
United
With the wrong kind of l.-.d in you.
_.-.[e
system, your brakes may not work
well, or they
may not even work
at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the
propel‘ brake fluid.
Canada
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-28.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-22.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap’afid the
area around the cap before removing it. This will help
keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
Notice:
0
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, suchas engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system
parts so badly that they’ll have to be replaced.
Don’t let someone put In the wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged.
Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your
vehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately.
See “Appearance Care” in the Index.
5-35
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front disc brakes and rear drum
brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving (except when you are pushing on the
brake pedal firmly).
~~~~~
~~~~~
The‘akewearwarningsound
eans that soon
your brakes won’t work well. Thatcould lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
5-36
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Your rear drum brakes don’t have wear indicators, but if
you ever hear a rear brake rubbing noise, have the
rear brake linings inspected immediately. Also, the rear
brake drums should be removed and inspected each
time the tires are removed for rotation or changing.
When you have the front brake pads replaced, have the
rear brakes inspected, too.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See Brake System Inspection on page 6-27.
Brake Pedal Travel
Replacing Brake System Parts
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
The braking system on avehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake parts.
When you replace parts of your braking system - for
example, when your brake linings wear down and you
need new onesput in - be sure you get new approved
replacement parts. If you don’t, yourbrakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
between your front and rear brakes can change- for the
worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect
can changein many other ways if someone puts in the
wrong replacement brake parts.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a moderatebrake stop, your disc
brakes adjust for wear. If you rarely make a moderate or
heavier stop,then your brakes might not adjust correctly.
If you drivein that way,then - very carefully - make a
few moderate brake stops about every 1,000 miles
(1 600 km), so your brakes will adjust properly.
If your brake pedal goes down farther than normal, your
rear drum brakes may need adjustment. Adjust them
by pumping the brake pedal repeatedly while the engine
is running with the shift lever in PARK (P).
5-37
Battery
Vehicle Storage
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelco@battery. When it’s time for a new battery, get
one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco@
battery. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for battery location.
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
Batt -~.es have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your
vehicle for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent
Feature (Non-RDS Radios) on page 3-61 or
Theft-Deterrent Feature (RDS Radios)on page 3-61.
5-38
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
Lb C,AUTION:
Batteries can hurt you.They can be dangerous
because:
0 They contain acid that can burn you.
They contain gas that can explode or
ignite,
0 They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some
or all of these things can hurt you.
Nofice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to startyour vehicle by pushing or pulling it
won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system
with a negative ground, both vehicles can be
damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved
in the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transaxle in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle in
iW3JiXAL beiore setting tne parking brake.
5-39
Notice: If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlet. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that aren’t needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (-) terminal locations on
each vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-72 for more information on location.
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and toolsaway from any
underhood electric fan.
5-40
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough
water. You don’t
need to add water the
to ACDelco@battery
installed in yournew vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid
is there. Ifit is low, add water to take care of
that first. If you
don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentallyget it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
things you should know. Positive (+) will go
to positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one. Negative (-) will go to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (-) terminal if the vehicle with the dead
battery has one.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (-) or you’ll
get a short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts, too. And don’t connect
the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal
on the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
I
I
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
‘terminal of the dead battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you baaiy. Keep your nancis away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
5-41
7 . Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the negative (-)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
negative I-)terminal
if the vehicle has one.
Don’t let theother end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative(-) cable doesn’t
go to the dead battery. Itgoes to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part or to a remote negative(-)
terminal on the vehicle with the dead battery.
5-42
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
Notice: Damage to your vehicle may result from
electrical shorting if jumper cables are removed
incorrectly. To prevent electrical shorting, take care
that the cables don’t touch each other or any
other metal. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (-) cable at
least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead battery,
but not near engine parts that move. The electrical
connection is just as good there, and the chance
of sparks getting back to the battery is much less.
If the THEFT SYSTEM light flashes, wait until
the light stops flashing.
5-43
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-44
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
For bulb types, see Replacement Bulbs on page 5-50.
For any bulb changing procedures not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Halogen Bulbs
Halogen bulbs havepressurized gas inside and
can burstif you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured.Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
A. Front Turn Signal
B. High-Beam Headlamp
C. Low-Beam Headlamp
5-45
I
1. Open the hood.
2. Carefully pull directly up on the two latches to
unhook the lamp assembly.
3. Remove the lamp assembly from the vehicle by
pulling it forward. Use care not to scratch the
vehicle with the lamp or the lamp with the fender.
4. Unclip the wiring harness and twist the socket
less than one-quarter turn counterclockwise and
remove it.
5. Gently wiggle the bulb from the socket. Replace the
old bulb with a new bulb.
6. Turn the socket back into place and reconnect the
wiring harness to the socket.
7. Return the lamp assembly to its original position.
Be sure to line up the holes in the lamp assembly
to the round ends of the mounting pins.
8. Press down on the two latches to hook the lamp
assembly in place.
5-46
Front Turn Signal Lamps
5. Return the lamp assembly to its original position.
Be sure to line up the holes in the lamp assembly
to the round ends of the mounting pins.
6. Press down on the two latches to hook in the lamp
assembly.
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL)
1. Open the trunk and locate the CHMSL housing on
the underside of the rear window shelf.
2. Twist the socket one-quarter turn counterclockwise
to remove it.
3. Gently remove burned out bulb and replace with a
new one.
1. Remove the headlamp assembly as described in
Bulb Replacement on page 5-45.
2. Once it has been removed, press the tab on the
white socket while twisting it less than one-quarter
turn counterclockwise and pull it out.
3. Remove the old bulb and replace it with a new one.
4. Turn the socket back into place.
4. Turn the socket back into place.
5. Close the trunk.
5-47
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps
and Back-up Lamps
1. Open the trunk.
2. Unscrew the fastener
located on the inside of
the trunk at the rear
of the vehicle.
3. Gently pull back the trunk trim.
A. Rear Turn Signal Lamp
B. Taillamp/Stoplamp
C. Back-up Lamp
5-48
8. Reverse the steps to reassemble the backplate and
attach the taillamp assembly to the vehicle. Make
sure that all four tabs of the backplate are securely
fastened to the taillamp assemblybefore reinstalling
it on the vehicle.
9. When securing the lamp assembly back into place,
align the assembly so that the trunk lid doesn’t
contact it.
10. Close the trunk.
Replacement Bulbs
I
Exterior
Lamp
I Back-UdRear Turn
6. Carefully remove the backplate by gently pulling up
on the two upper and two lower tabs.
7. Gently wiggle the bulb to remove it from the socket.
Replace the bulb.
Number
I Bulb
56 I 31
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
912
(Interior Mounted)
Front Parkingnurn
31 57Aor 3157NA
Front Sidemarker
24
High-Beam Headlamp
9005
Low-Beam Headlamp
9006
TaiVStoplamp
3057
For any bulb not listed here, contact your dealer.
I
5-50
I
I
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear and cracking. See At Least Twice
a Year on page 6-17for more information. For the
proper type and length, see Capacities and
Specifications on page5-87.
To replace the wiper blade assembly, do the following:
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield.
2. Press the tab that holds the wiper blade to the arm.
3. Pull the assembly down to release it from the
U-hooked end of the wiper arm and slide the
assembly away from the arm.
4. Slide in the new wiper blade assembly and snap it
into place.
5. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 for the other wiper,
if necessary.
5-51
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your Chevrolet Warranty booklet for details.
Poorly maintained and improperl- s e d tires
are dangerous.
Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
CAUTION: (Continued)
5-52
@
Underihflated tires pose the same danger
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact - such as when you hita pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your tread is badly worn, or
if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is located on
the driver’s side rear passenger door, shows
the correct
inflation pressures for yourtires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been
sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Notice: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get
the following:
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
0
Unusual wear
0
Badhandling
0
Roughride
0
Needless damage from road hazards
When to Check
0
Too much flexing
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
0
Too much heat
How to Check
0
Tire overloading
0
Bad wear
0
Bad handling
e
Bad fuel economy
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on thevalve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
5-53
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation.
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(IO 000 to 13 000 km).
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time
for New Tires on page 5-55 and Wheel Replacement
on page 5-58 for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See “Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services,” in Section 6, for scheduled
rotation intervals.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 5-87.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
5-54
Rust or dirt on awheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after atime. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
scraper or wire brushlater, if you need to, to
get all the rust or dirt off. See “Changing a Flat
Tire” in the Index.
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
0
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
0
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
5-55
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
Mixin, Lires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes may also causedamage to your vehicle.
Be sure to use thesame size and type tires on
all wheels. It’s all right to drive with your
compact spare, though. It was developed for
use on your vehicle.
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same
size, load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
If you use bias-ply tires on yourvehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracksafter
many miles of driving.A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing acrash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
5-56
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1 5 ) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices
and differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction - AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces
of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have
poor traction performance. Warning: The traction
grade assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead
braking traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cnrnering, hyrjronlanin9, or peak traction characteristics.
5-57
Temperature - A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature
can cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades 6 and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
5-58
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of yourwheels, wheel bolts or
wheel nuts, replace themonly with new GM original
equipment parts.This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheelbolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-61 for more
information.
Used Replacement Wheels
Using _.._Nrong replacement wl.-As, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been
used or how far it’s been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause a crash. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
5-59
Tire Chains
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
Notice: Use tire chains only where legal and only
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air
when you must.Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for your tires. Install them goes
on out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out
slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout”, here are
the front tires and tighten them as tightly
as possible
a few tips about what to expect and what to do:
with the ends securely fastened. Drive slowly and
follow the chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
can hear the chains contacting your vehicle, stop andpulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
retighten them. If the contact continues, slow down accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
until it stops. Driving too fast
or spinning the wheels
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
with chains on will damage your vehicle.
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop - well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-60
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your
hazard warning flashers.
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over you
or other people. You and they could be badly
injured. Find a level place to change your tire.
To help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t
move, you can put blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthestaway from the one
being changed. That would be the tire on
the other side of the vehicle, at the
opposite end.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-61
Turn the wing nut
counterclockwise and
remove it. Then lift off
the adapter and remove
the compact spare
tire. See Compact Spare
Tire on page 5-71 for
more information about
the compact spare tire.
4. Remove the jack and wrench from the trunk. Your
vehicle's jack and wrench are stored in a foam tray.
2. Lift and remove the cover.
You will find the jacking instructions label on the
underside of the tire cover.
5-62
A
Removing the Flat Tire and installing
the Spare Tire
1. If your vehicle has a wheel cover or hubcap that
has plastic wheel nut caps, loosen the plastic nut
caps. You may need to use the wheel wrench
to loosen them. Do not pry off wheel covers
or center caps that have plastic wheel nut caps.
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) and the
wrench (B).
2. Then remove the wheel cover or center cap from
the wheel to find the wheel nuts.
5-63
If your vehicle has a wheel cover or hubcap without
plastic wheel nut caps, gently pry on the edge of
the plastic wheel trim to remove it from the wheel to
find the wheel nuts.
5-64
3. Use the wrench to loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
Getting under a vehicle when
_ _ is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips
off the jack you
could be badly injured or killed.
Never get under
a vehicle when is
it supported only by a jack.
18 inches
(46 cm)
18 inches
(46cm)
4. Position the jack and raise the jack head until it fits
firmly into the notch in the vehicle’s frame nearest
the flat tire. Put the compact spare tire near you.
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
5-65
8. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the wrench clockwise.
Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground so there
is enough room for the compact
spare tire to fit.
6. Remove all of the wheel nuts.
7. Then take off the flat tire.
5-66
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
the places where thewheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel to do this; but be sure touse
a scraper or wire brushlater, if you need to,
t o get all the rust or dirtoff.
I
I
Never use oil or greaseon studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious accident.
I
I
10. Lower the vehicle by turning the wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
II I
I
9. Install the compact spare tire. Put the wheel nuts
back on with the cone end of the nuts toward the
wheel: Tighten each nut by hand or with the wrench
until the wheel is held against the hub.
5-67
11. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence, as shown.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotordamage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten thewheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification. See “Capacities and
Specifications” in the index for the wheel nut torque
specification.
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover and wheel
nut caps in the trunk until you have the flat tire repaired
or replaced.
Notice: Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact
spare. If you try to put awheel cover on your
compact spare, you could damage the cover or
the spare.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to come loose
and even come off. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel
nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to
get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
proper torque specification.See ”Capacities
and Specifications” in the Index for wheelnut
torque specification.
5-68
Stor’--g the Flat Tire and Tools
c
,E
‘F
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment couldstrike someone.
Store all these in the proper place.
Store the flat tire in the compact spare tire compartment.
Place the tire in the compartment, then secure the
adapter and wing nut. Place the cover and the nut on
top of the flat tire. Store the jack and the wrench in the
tool tray.
G
A.
B.
C.
D.
Nut
Cover
Wing Bolt
Adapter
E.
F.
G.
H.
Wrench
Jack
Tool Tray
Flat Tire
5-69
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
E
F
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone.
Store all these in the proper place.
The compact spare tire is for temporary use only.
Replace the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as
soon as you can. See “Compact Spare Tire” following.
Store the compact spare tire and tools as shown in
the diagram.
5-70
G
A.
B.
C.
D.
Nut
Cover
Wing Bolt
Adapter
E.
F.
G.
H.
Wrench
Jack
Tool Tray
Spare Tire
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare
is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size
tire repaired or replaced where you want. Of course,
it’s best to replace your spare with a full-size tire as soon
as you can. Your spare will last longer and be in good
shape in case you need it again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed, don’t
take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
with guide rails. The compact spare can get caught
on the rails. That can damage the tire andwheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare tire
and its wheel together.
Notice: Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare.
Using them can damage your vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on
your compact spare.
5-71
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous.
Some are toxic. Others can burst into flames if you
strike a match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle.
Some are dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a
closed space. When you use anything from a
container to clean your vehicle, be sure to follow the
manufacturer’s warnings and instructions. And always
open your doors or windows when you’re cleaning
the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
0
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
0
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous - some more than
others - and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
5-72
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you
can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
Alcohol
LaundrySoap
Bleach
0
ReducingAgents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted
surfaces with a clean, damp cloth.
FabricKarpet
Your dealer has cleaners for thecleaning of fabric and
carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains very well.
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
on page 5-78.
Here are some cleaning tips:
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can - before
they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
0
If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean
the entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section.
Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine
and blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a watedbaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Don’t saturate
the material and don’t rub it roughly.
2. Clean with cool water and allow to dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
rl#.mr.”:Lhrf
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a
U G ~ U lueu
I
--“I:-”
caI I I G I .
sponge to remove any excess cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
5-73
Vinyl
Top of the Instrument Panel
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
0
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do this more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean
cloth and vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Interior Plastic Components
Leather
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let
the leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
Glass Surfaces
0
6
0
For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product,
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish,
it can harm the leather.
5-74
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. See
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-78.
Notice: Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass,
because they may cause scratches. Avoid placing
decals on the inside rear window, since they
may have to be scraped off later. If abrasive
cleaners are used on the inside of the rear window,
an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached
across the defogger grid.
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Keep belts clean and dry.
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do,
it may severely weaken them. In a crash,
they might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
-Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See Part D: Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-22.
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm orcold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle
well, removing all soap residue completely. You can
get GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on
page 5-78. Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroIeurn
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed
to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to
avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicie.
5-75
Cleaning Exterior LarnpsLenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a
car washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See GM Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-78.
Your vehicle has a “basecoaflclearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoaflclearcoat
paint finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoatlclearcoat paint finish
may dull the finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as
5-76
possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that
are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade or
windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads do
not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Aluminum Wheels
Sheet Metal Damage
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
A wax may then be applied.
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface.
Do not use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Ti res
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Notice: When applying a tire dressing, always take
care to wipe off any overspray or splash from all
painted surfaces on the body or wheels of the
vehicle. Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish and tires.
Finish Darr-i?
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the
finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal
will corrode quickly and may develop into major repair
expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials avaliable from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
5-77
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on
the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials
See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing
the following products.
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
I
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weatherand atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage can
take two forms; blotchy, ringlet-shaped discolorations,
and small irregular dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this,
GM will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of
purchase, whichever occurs first.
5-78
I
Description
I
Wax-Treated
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Removes tar, road oil
and asphalt.
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl tops,
upholstery and
convertible tops.
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
I
I
Chrome and Wire
Wheel Cleaner
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
GM Vehicle Carelappearance Materials
(cont’d)
GM Vehicle CarelAppearance Materials
(cont’d)
Usage
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants, Spray on
wipe off.
Finish Enhancer
Swirl Remover Polish
I
I
Wash Wax Concentrate
Removes swirl marks,
fine scratches and
other light surface
contamination.
Cleaner Wax
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Foaming Tire
Shine-Low Gloss
Cleans, shines and
protects in one easy step,
no wiping
.
- necessary.
I
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans
and lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
I
Odor Eiiminator
r
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on
fabrics, vinyl, leather
and carpet.
See your General Motors parts department for these
products. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-22.
5-79
Vehicle Identification
Service Parts Identification Label
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
You’ll find this label on the bottom of your spare
tire cover. It’s very helpful if you ever need to order
parts. On this label is:
yourVIN,
0
themodeldesignation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears
on a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel,
on the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through
the windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN
also appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service
Parts labels and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
5-80
Electrical System
Add-on Electrical Equipment
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer first.
Some electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as they
should.
Your vehicle has an air bag
system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-59.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem and not snow, etc., be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other
Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse block protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the
current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and
closes, protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed
or goes away.
Headlamp Wiring
The headlamp wiring is protected by fuses, one for each
headlamp, in the fuse block. An electrical overload
will cause the lamps to turn off. If this happens, have
y n ~ t rhexilamp wirinz checked right away.
5-81
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links in the wiring itself.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical
size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick a feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without - like the radio or cigarette
lighter - and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are three fuse blocks in your vehicle: two
instrument panel fuse blocks and the engine
compartment fuse block.
5-82
There is a fuse puller located on the engine
compartment fuse block. It can be used to easily
remove fuses from the fuse block.
The instrument panel fuse
blocks are located at each
end of the instrument
panel. To access the
fuses, open the fuse
panel door by pulling out.
TO reinstall the door, insert the hooks at the front end
first, then push the door into the instrument panel
to secure it.
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
(Driver's Side)
Fuses
E
F
A. WIPER
MICRO
8. TRUNK
REURFA
C. TURN LPS
D.PWR MIRROR
E. AIR BAG
F. EFC BATT
G. PCM ACC
H. DR LOCK
J. IPC/EFC ACC
A
n
6
C
D
A
CIRCUIT
PWR SEATS
I
MICRO
RELAY
OR UNLOCK
DR LOCK
Fuses
I
G
H
J
1
"
IJ
DRIVERS
DR UNLOCK
Usage
\"'?'i;=k%rs
Trunk Release and Remote
Keyless Entry
Turn Signals
Power Mirrors
MICRO RELAY
TRUNK REL
CIRCUIT BRKR
PWR SEATS
MICRO RELAY
DR UNLOCK
MICRO RELAY
DR LOCK
MICRO RELAY
DRIVERS DR
UNLOCK
STOP LPS
HAZARD LPS
I PC/HVAC BATT
Usage
Air Bag
Body Function Control Module
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
Door Locks
Body Function Control Module/
Instrument Panel Cluster
Remote Trunk Release
Power Seats
Door Locks
Door Locks
Door Locks
Stoplamps
Hazard Lamps
Instrument Panel Cluster,
Climate Control
5-83
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
(Passenger’s Side)
Fuses
A
B
C
D
A . INST CPS
B. CRUISE SW
C. HVAC BLOWER
D. CRUISE
E FOG LPS
F. INT LPS
G. RDO BATT
H. SUNROOF
/
/
5-84
E
F
G
H
CIRCUIT BRKR
PWR WNDWS
MICRO RELAY
FOG LPS
Usage
Instrument Panel Lights,
Brightness Control
Cruise Control Switches
Climate Control System
Cruise Control
Fog Lamps
Interior Lamps, Body Function
Control Module
Radio
Sunroof
Power Windows
Fog Lamps
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
The engine compartment fuse block is located on the
driver's side of the vehicle, near the engine air
cleanedfilter. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
Fuses
1
2
3
a
Relays
9
10
11
12
13
14
Usage
Ignition Switch
Right Electrical Center-Fog Lamps,
Radio, Body Function Control
Module, Interior Lamps
Left Electrical Center-Stoplamps,
Hazard Lamps, Body Function
Control Module, Cluster, Climate
Control System
Anti-Lock Brakes
Ignition Switch
Not Used
Left Electrical Center-Power Seats,
Power Mirrors, Door Locks, Trunk
Release and Remote Lock Control
Cooling Fan #I
Usage
Rear Defogger
Not Used
Not Used
Cooling Fan #I
HVAC Blower (Climate Control)
Cooling Fan #2
5-85
Relays
15
16
17
18
19
20 .
21
22
Usage
Cooling Fan
Air Conditioning Compressor
Not Used
Fuel Pump
Automatic Headlamp System
Automatic Headlamp System
Horn
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Fuses
23-32
33
34
Usage
Spare Fuse Holder
Rear Defogger
Accessory Power Outlets,
Cigar Lighter
Generator
Not Used
Air Conditioning Compressor,
Body Function Control Module
Automatic Transaxle
Powertrain Control Module (PCM),
Ignition
35
36
37
38
39
5-86
Fuses
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
Usage
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Ignition System
Back-up Lamps, Automatic
Transaxle Shift Lock Control System
Horn
PCM
Parking Lamps
Climate Control System
Canister Purge Valve, PCM,
Exhaust Gas Recirculation,
Heated Oxygen Sensor
Fuel Pump Injectors
Not Used
Right Headlamp
Left Headlamp
Cooling Fan
HVAC Blower (Climate Control)
Not Used
Cooling Fan #2 Ground
Fuse Puller
Not Used
Nut
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. Please refer to Part D:
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-22 for more information.
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in this manual.
Capacities
Capacities
English
Metric
1.4 Ibs.
0.6 kg
9.0 L
Coolinq System
9.5 quarts
13.6 quarts
12.9 L
Engine Oil with Filter
4.5 quarts
4.3 L
14.1 gallons
100 Ib-ft
53.4 L
Application
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
Use Refrigerant Oil, R134a Systems
Automatic Transaxle Complete Overhaul
Fuel Tank
I Wheel
I
I
140 N*m
I
Engine Specifications
5-87
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
I
I
Part
Engine
Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil Filter
I SDark Pluas
279C*
I
Windshield Wiper Blades
Passenger’s Side
Driver’s Side
19.0 inches (48.0 cm)
22.0 inches (56.0 cm)
I
*ACDelco@part number.
5-88
Number
A1
PF47*
41-101*
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ..................................... -6-2
Introduction ................................................... 6.2
Your Vehicle and the Environment .................... 6-2
Maintenance Requirements .............................. 6-2
How This Section is Organized ......................... 6-3
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services ........... 6-4
Using Your Maintenance Schedule .................... 6-4
Selecting the Right Schedule ........................... 6-5
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance ..............6-6
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance ......6-12
Part B: Owner Checks and Services ................ 6-16
At Each Fuel Fill .......................................... 6-16
At
Once
Least
a Month ................................. 6-1b
-
At Least Twice a Year ................................... 6.17
At Least Once a Year ................................... 6.17
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections .........6.20
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection ............................ 6.20
Exhaust System Inspection ............................ 6.20
Fuel System Inspection .................................. 6.21
Engine Cooling System Inspection ................... 6.21
Throttle System Inspection ............................. 6.21
Brake System Inspection ................................ 6.21
Part D:Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants .......................................... 6.22
nn
........................... 6.~3
Record
Part E: Maintenance
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGEAS
RECOMMENDED
Your Vehicle and the Enviranmmt
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can
even affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper
fluid levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase
the level of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect
our environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in
this manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
6-2
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” explains
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you
should let your dealer’s service department or another
qualified service center do these jobs.
Performingmaintenanceworkonavehicle“Part
Can be dangerous. !fi trying to do Some jobs,
youcan be seriouslyinjured. Do yourown
maintenanceworkonlyifyouhavethe
required
know-how
and
the
proper
tools
and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
have a qualified technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
should be checked and when. It also explains what
you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good
condition.
“Part 6:Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center should
perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help
keep your vehicle properly maintained. These products,
or their equivalents, should be used whether you do
1 the work yourself or have it done.
E: MaintenanceRecord” is a place for you to
record and keep track of the maintenance performed
on your vehicle. Keepyourmaintenance
receipts.
They
may
be
needed
to qualify your vehicle for
warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-IO.
6-3
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
In this part are scheduled maintenance services which
are to be performed at the mileage intervals specified.
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to keep your vehicle in
good working condition. But we don’t know exactly how
you’ll drive it. You may drive short distances only a
few times a week. Or you may drive long distances
all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may
use your vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may
drive it to work, to do errands or in many other ways.
Because of the different ways people use their vehicles,
maintenance needs may vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your dealer.
6-4
This part tells you the maintenance services you
should have done and when you should schedule them.
When you go to your dealer for your service needs,
you’ll know that GM-trained and supported service
people will perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses
these. All parts should be replaced and all necessary
repairs done before you or anyone else drives the
vehicle.
These schedules are for vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-32.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
use the recommended fuel. See
on page 5-5.
Gasoline Octane
Selecting the Right Schedule
Short Trip/City Intervals
First you'll need to decide which of the two schedules
is right for your vehicle. Here's how to decide which
schedule to follow:
Every 3,000Miles (5 000 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or 3 months, whichever occurs first).
Short Trip/City Definition
Follow the Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance if any
one of these conditions is true for your vehicle:
Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is
particularly important when outside temperatures
are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top
of your vehicle.
0
If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police,
taxi or other commercial application.
One of the reasons you should follow this schedule if
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is that these conditions cause engine oil to break
down sooner.
Every 6,000 Miles (IO 000 km): Tire Rotation.
Every 15,000 Miles (25 600 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions.
Every 30,000Miles (50 000 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Replacement.
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240 000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
Engine AccessoryDrive Belt Inspection.
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete scheduled maintenance
on the following pages.
6-5
Long Trip/Highway Definition
Follow this scheduled maintenanceonly if none of
the conditions from the Short Trip/City Scheduled
Maintenance are true. Do not use this schedule if the
vehicle is used for trailer towing, driven in a dusty
area or used off paved roads. Use the Short TripKity
schedule for these conditions.
Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine under
highway conditions will cause engine oil to break
down slower.
Long Trip/Highway intervals
Every 7,500 Miles (12 500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or every 12 months, whichever occurs first).
Tire Rotation.
Every 30,000 Miles (50000 km): Engine Air Cleaner
Filter Replacement.
Every 50,000 Miles (83000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
Every 100,000 Miles (166 000 km): Spark Plug Wire
Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
Every 150,000 Miles (240000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
Engine Accessory Drive Belt Inspection.
These intervals only summarize maintenance services.
Be sure to follow the complete scheduled maintenance
on the following pages.
6-6
Short Trip/City Scheduled
Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same interval
after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the life of this
vehicle.
See Part 8 : Owner Checks and Serviceson page 6-16
and Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections on
page 6-20.
Footnotes
t The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle 's useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See Brake System Inspection on page 6-21.
3,000 Miles (5 000 km)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote t.)
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
6,000 Miles (IO 000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +,)
9,000 Miles (15 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emissim Control Service,
12,000 Miles (20 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire hspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
18,000 Miles (30000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +-)
21,000 Miles (35000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
6-7
27,000 Miles (45 000 km)
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
30,000 Miles (50000 km)
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
U Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission Control
Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
33,000 Miles (55000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
U Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +,)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote f.)
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service,
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
6-8
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
57,000Miles (95 000 km)
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C)
or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
c1 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
-
If you do not use yourvehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid
and filter do not require changing.
~~
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission Control
Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
63,000 Miles (105 000 km)
51,000 Miles (85 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
66,000 Miles (110 000 km)
54,000 Miles (90 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
Change engine oii ana iiiier (or every 3 montns,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +,)
U
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
6-9
69,000 Miles (1 15000 km)
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
U Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote t.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
87,000 Miles (145 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
U Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving
in dusty conditions. Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote t.)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
6-10
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission Control
Service.
U Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
96,000 Miles (160 000 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation
on page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and
additional information. (See footnote +.)
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 3 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
100,000 Miles (1 66000 km)
U Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission Control
Service.
0 Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service.
U Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C)
or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle any of these conditions,
the fluid and filter do not require changing.
150,000 Miles (240000 km)
c1 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every
60 months since last service, whichever occurs first).
See Engine Coolant on page 5-19 for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure
cap and neck. Pressure test the cooling system
and pressI1r-e cap An Fmksinn Cnntt-nl .Service
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt. An Emission
Control Service.
6-11
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled
Maintenance
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be repeated after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals for the life of
this vehicle. The services shown at 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) should be repeated at the same interval
after 150,000 miles (240 000 km) for the life of this
vehicle.
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
Footnotes
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.I
t
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
See Part B: Owner Checks and Services on page 6- 16
and Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections on
page 6-20.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle 's useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See Brake System Inspection on page 6-21.
6-12
CI Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
U Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C)
or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
U Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
0 Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission
Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
U Change engineoil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for properrotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote+.)
45,000Miles (75 000 km)
0 Change engine oil andfilter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first).An Emission Control Service.
U Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for properrotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote+,)
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
U Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
nann K - K A f n v n r n n n r rntrrti-n
yuyw u
VT
( V I
y ~ u y ~
IWL
tU I I W I
nm++nvm
I
~ULLG-III
Qnrl c-,rlA;+~-nmi
uuuIltuI~u~
UIIU
information. (See footnote +.)
6-13
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
0 Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission
Control Service.
whichever occurs first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotationon
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern andadditional
information. (See footnote+.)
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
U Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission Control
Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote +.)
6-14
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission ControlService.
0 Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission Control
Service.
0 Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern and additional
information. (See footnote+.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0 Change engine oil and filter (or every 12 months,
whichever occurs first). An Emission ControlService.
U Rotate tires. See Tire lnspection and Rotation on
page 5-54 for proper rotation pattern andadditional
information. (See footnote+.)
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
150,000 Miles (240000 km)
0 Inspect spark plug wires. An Emission Control
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every
Service.
0 Replace spark plugs. An Emission Control Service.
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of
these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C)
or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
60 months since last service, whichever occurs first).
See Engine Coolant on page5-19 for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure
cap and neck. Pressure test the cooling system
and pressure cap. An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt. An Emission
Control Service.
If you do not use your vehicle under anyof these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
6-15
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Engine Coolant Level Check
Listed in this part are owner checks and services
which should be performed at the intervals specified to
help ensure the safety, dependability and emission
control performance of your vehicle.
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture if necessary. See Engine Coolant
on page 5- 19 for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary. See
W&c&&eLd w&gl,f/q&! Qfipage 5-33
for furtherdetails.
.?<.Z
At Each Fuel Fill
At Least Once a Month
It is important for you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Tire Inflation Check
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-13 for further
details.
6-16
Make sure tries are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See Tires on
page 5-52 for further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See Audio Systern(s) on
page 3-38 for further details.
At Least Twice a Year
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Restraint System Check
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather more frequent application may be
required. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-22.
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety
belts replaced.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag
system does not need regular maintenance.)
Automatic Transaxle Inspection
It is not necessary to check the transaxle fluid level.
A transaxle fluid leak is theonly reason for fluid loss.
Check forleaks. If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to
your dealer and have it repaired as soon as possible.
At Least Once a Year
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace
blade inserts that appear worn or damaged or that
streak or miss areas of the windshield. Also see
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-75.
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
D-J..
Pwuy
I ..In.d:n-a:-.n
en--.:--
LUUl lLCaLlUlI 3 G I V l c i t :
Lubricate all the body door hinges and latches, including
those for the hood and trunk lid. Part D tells you what
to use. More frequent lubrication may be required when
exposed to a corrosive environment.
6-17
Starter Switch Check
When you are doing this check, the vehicle
could move suddenly. If it does, you or others
could be injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-25 if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
6-18
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
When you are doing this check, le vehicle
could move suddenly. If it does, you or others
could be injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-25 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately
if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the ON position,
but don’t start the engine. Without applying the
regular brake, try to move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to OFF in each shift lever position.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
0
The key should turn to OFF only when the shift lever is
in PARK (P).
On all vehicles, the key should come out only in QFF.
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transaxle Park (P) Mechanism Check
0
To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With the
engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P). Then
release the parking brake followed by the regular
brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
When you are doinb ,his check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in
case it begins to roil. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle begin
to move.
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
6-19
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
Steering, Suspension and Front
Drive Axle Boot and Seal Inspection
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-10.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which
could cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See Engine Exhaust
on page 2-28.
6-20
Fuel System Inspection
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the complete fuel system for damage or leaks.
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts
as needed. Replace any components that have high
effort or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator
and cruise control cables.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they
are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser.
To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test of
the cooling system and pressure cap is recommended
at least once a year.
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Also inspect drum brake linings
for wear and cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including
drums, wheei cyiinders, caiipers, parking brake, etc.
The parking brake is self-adjusting and no manual
adjustment is required. You may need to have your
brakes inspected more often if your driving habits
or conditions result in frequent braking.
6-21
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number or specification may be obtained from your
dealer.
Usaae
Engine Oil
I
Fluidkubricant
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol
of the proper viscosity. To determine
the preferred viscosity for your
vehicle’s engine, see Engine Oil on
Daae 5- 13.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
Engine Coolant water and use only DEX-COOL@
Coolant. See Engine Coolant on
pacle 5- 19.
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
Hydraulic
Brake System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
GM Optikleen Washer Solvent or
Washer Solvent equivalent.
6-22
Usaae
I
Fluid/Lubricant
Power Steering Fluid
Power Steering GM
(GM Part No. U S . 1052884,
System
in Canada 993294. or eauivalent).
Automatic
DEXRON-Ill Automatic
Transaxle
Transmission Fluid.
Mulit-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Key Lock
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
Cylinders
in Canada 10953474. or eauivalent).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
Secondary
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
Latch, Pivots,
in Canada 992723, or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirements of
Spring Anchor
NLGl #2, Category LB or GC-LB.
and Release
Pawl
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
Hood and
Door Hinges
in Canada 109435474, or
equivalent).
Dielectric Silicone Grease
Weatherstrip
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
‘Onditioning
in Canada 1974984, or equivalent).
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service and
any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or “Periodic Maintenance” on the following record
pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to
store them.
Maintenance Record
I
6-23
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
6-24
Section 7
Customer Assistance information
Customer Assistance Information ...................... 7.2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ...................... 7.2
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ................................ 7.3
Customer Assistance Off ices ............................ 7.4
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities .................................................. 7.5
Roadside Assistance Program .......................... 7.5
Courtesy Transportation ...................................7.7
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ...............................................7.9
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government .............................................. 7.10
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors ......................................... 7-10
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7.10
7-1
Customer Assistance
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Chevrolet. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the operation of your
vehicle will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
7-2
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern
cannot be resolved by the dealership without further
help, contact the Chevrolet Customer Assistance
Center by calling 1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact
GM of Canada Customer Communication Centre in
Oshawa by calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have
the following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from
the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at the
top left of the instrument panel and visible through
the windshield.)
0
Dealership nameand location
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file with the
GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to
your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information
booklet for information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle
Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB AutoLine Program is an out of court program
administered by theCouncil of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretationof the NewVehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may berequired to resort to this informal
dispute resolution programprior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge andyour case will
generally beheard within 40 days.If you do not agree
with the decision givenin your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief
available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number orwrite them atthe following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus. Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1 804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves
the right to change eligibility limitations and/or
discontinue its participation in this program.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV(2438).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830,)
7-3
Customer AssistanceOff ices
Canada
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes
to write to Chevrolet, the letter should be addressed to
Chevrolet’s Customer Assistance Center.
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
United States
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (UrYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-51 70
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872)
Fax Number: 31 3-381 -0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English}
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
All Overseas Locations
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except PuertoRico
and U S . Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares C.P. 11 910
Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 01 1-52-53 29 0 800
7-4
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available
to qualified applicants,
can reimburse you up to
$1,000 toward aftermarket
driver or passenger
adaptive equipment you
may require for your
vehicle (hand controls,
wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
+cI- E h l l h A n h i I i t 1 , A m ~ ; c t q n r r n P n n t n v zt 1
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Roadside Assistance Program
To enhance Chevrolet's strong commitment to customer
satisfaction, Chevrolet is excited to announce the
establishment of the Chevrolet Roadside Assistance
Center. As the owner of a 2003 Chevrolet, membership
in Roadside Assistance is free.
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year, by calling 1-800-CHEV-USA
(243-8872). This toll-free number will provide you
over-the-phone roadside assistance with minor
mechanical problems. If your problem cannot be
resolved over the phone, our advisors have access to a
nationwide network of dealer recommended service
providers. Roadside membership is free; however some
sewices may incur costs.
Roadside offers two levels of service to the customer,
Basic Care and Courtesy Care:
Roadside Basic Care provides:
8 Toll-free number, 1-8OQ-CHEV-USA (243-8872),
text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438
V V I llvv
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
0
Free towing for warranty repairs
* Basic over-the-phone technical advice
* Available dealer services at reasonable costs
(Le., wrecker services, locksmith/key service,
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7-5
Roadside Courtesy Care provides:
0
Roadside Basic Care services (as outlined
previously)
Plus:
FREE Non-Warranty Towing (to the closest dealer
from a legal roadway)
0
FREE Locksmith/Key Service (when keys are lost
on the road or locked inside)
0
FREE Flat Tire Service (spare installed on the road)
FREE Jump Start (at home or on the road)
FREE Fuel Delivery ($5 of fuel delivered on the road)
Chevrolet offers Courtesy Transportation for customers
needing warranty service. Courtesy Transportation
will be offered in conjunction with the coverage provided
by the Bumper-to-Bumper New Vehicle Limited
Warranty to eligible purchasers of 2003 Chevrolet
passenger cars and light duty trucks. (See your selling
dealer for details.)
Courtesy Care is available to retail and retail lease
customers operating 2003 and newer Chevrolet vehicles
for a period of 3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km),
whichever occurs first. All Courtesy Care services
must be pre-arranged by Chevrolet Roadside or dealer
service management.
7-6
Basic Care and Courtesy Care are not part of or included
in the coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Chevrolet reserves the rightto modify or
discontinue Basic Care and Counlesy Care at any time.
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies that
will provide you with quality and priority service.
When roadside services are required, our advisors will
explain any payment obligations that may be incurred
for utilizing outside services.
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the
following available to give to the advisor;
Vehicle Identification Number(VIN)
License plate number
Vehicle color
Vehicle location
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehicle mileage
Description of problem
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Plan Ahead When Possible
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book.
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet has always exemplified quality and value
in its offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your
ownership experience, we and our participating dealers
are proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail pwchasdlease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. Phis will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership, let
them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in
the work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
7-7
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while
you wait. However, if you are unable to wait Chevrolet
helps minimize your inconvenience by providing
several transportation options. Depending on the
circumstances, your dealer can offer you one of the
following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a
one way shuttle ride to a destination up to 10 miles
from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five day maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative,
7-8
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximurn) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
When your vehicle is unavailable due to overnight
warranty repairs, your dealer may arrange to provide
you with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you
for a rental vehicle you obtained, at actual cost, up to
a maximum of $30.00 per day supported by receipts.
This requires that you sign and complete a rental
agreement and meet state, local and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and
may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc. You are responsible for
fuel usage charges and may also be responsible for
taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive mileage or
rental usage beyond the completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as
a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverageperiod, but it
is not part of the NewVehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled "Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information"furnished with each newvehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact you dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during
the Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or death,
you should immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition
to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
7-9
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Service Publications Ordering
Information
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C Ottawa Ontario K I A ON5
Service Manuals
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in
a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-222-1020, or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1 H 8P7
7-10
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments, and specifications for
GM transmissions, transaxles, and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual, and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Pub!ications are availab!e for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:OO AM - 6:OO PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-Mastercard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on the
World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P. 0. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
7-11
7-12
A
AccessoryPower Outlets ................................. 3-17
AddingWasher Fluid ....................................... 5-33
7-9
AdditionalProgram Information ...........................
Additives, Fuel .................................................
5-6
Add-on Electrical Equipment ............................
5-81
Adjusting the Speakers
(Balance/Fade) ............................
3-41, 3-46, 3-53
Air Bag
ReadinessLight ..........................................
3-27
Air BagSystem,Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) .............................................
1-53
5-17
Air CleanedFilter, Engine .................................
All Overseas Locations ......................................
7-4
Aluminum Wheels ...........................................
5-77
AM ............................................................... 3-61
Antenna, Fixed Mast .......................................
3-63
Anti-lock BrakeSystem(ABS) ............................
4-7
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .............. 3-29
Appearance Care ............................................
5-72
5-75
Care of SafetyBelts ....................................
Chemics! Pslnt spntting ............................... 5-78
Cleaning the Inside ofYour Vehicle ................ 5-72
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .............. 5-75
Finish Damage ............................................
5-77
GM VehicleCare/Appearance Materials .......... 5-78
AppearanceCare(cont.)
Sheet Metal Damage ...................................
5-77
5-78
UnderbodyMaintenance ...............................
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-75
Ashtrays ........................................................
3-17
3-38
Audio System(s) .............................................
Audio Systems
CareofYour Cassette Tape Player ................ 3-62
CareofYour CD Player ............................... 3-63
Care of Your CDs ........................................ 3-63
Chime Level Adjustment ...............................
3-63
3-63
Fixed Mast Antenna .....................................
Radio with Cassette and CD .........................
3-51
Radiowith CD ....................................
3-39, 3-43
Setting the Time for Radios with
Radio Data Systems (RDS) .......................
3-38
Setting the Time for Radios without
Radio Data Systems(RDS) .......................
3-38
Theft-Deterrent Feature ................................ 3-61
Understanding Radio Reception .....................
3-61
Automatic HeadlampSystem ............................
3-14
Automatic Transaxle
F!LJic! ..........................................................
5-18
Operation ...................................................
2-22
6-17
Automatic Transaxle Inspection .........................
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check .............................................
6-18
1
Backing Up ....................................................
Battery ..........................................................
Battery Replacement .........................................
Battery Run-Down Protection ............................
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .........................
Body Lubrication Service ..................................
Brake
Parking ......................................................
System Inspection .......................................
SystemWarning Light ..................................
Brake Adjustment ............................................
Brake Fluid ....................................................
Brake Pedal Travel .........................................
BrakeWear ...................................................
Brakes ..........................................................
Braking ...........................................................
Braking in Emergencies .....................................
Break-In, NewVehicle .....................................
Bulb Replacement ...........................................
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) ........
Front Turn Signal Lamps ..............................
HalogenBulbs ............................................
Headlamps .................................................
2
4-38
5-38
2-7
3-16
4-21
6-17
2-25
6-21
3-28
5-37
5-34
5-37
5-36
5-34
4-6
4-9
2-18
5-45
5-47
5-47
5-45
5-45
Bulb Replacement (cont.)
Replacement Bulbs ......................................
Taillamps. Turn Signal. Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps ........................................
Buying New Tires ...........................................
5-50
5-48
5-56
C
California Fuel ..................................................
5-6
Canada ........................................................... 7-4
Canadian Owners ................................................
ii
Canadian Roadside Assistance ...........................
7-7
Capacities and Specifications ............................
5-87
CarbonMonoxide ................... 4-24,4-34,4-12, 4-28
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................
5-75
Care of Your
Cassette Tape Player ...................................
3-62
CD Player .................................................. 3-63
CDS ..........................................................
3-63
6-16
Cassette Deck Service ....................................
Cassette Tape Messages .................................
3-58
CDAdapter Kits .............................................
3-58
2-32
Center Console Storage Area ...........................
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) ........... 5-47
Center Rear Passenger Position, Safety Belts ..... 1-47
Chains. Tires ..................................................
ChargingSystemLight ....................................
Check
EngineLight ...............................................
Check Engine Light .........................................
Checking Coolant ............................................
Checking Engine Oil ........................................
Checking Things Under the Hood ......................
Checking Your Restraint Systems ......................
Chemical Paint Spotting ...................................
ChildRestraints
Child RestraintSystems ...............................
Infants and Young Children ...........................
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ..........................
Older Childreii .............................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCHSystem ...................................
Securing a Child Restraint in a Center
RearSeatPosition ...................................
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
OutsideSeat Position ...............................
:I
n- n:
Sec;ulii-ly a w IIIU
~ ~ S L 11
I i1-1
~ I the
I
I-IIYI 11
Front Seat Position ...................................
Top Strap ...................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................
Where to Putthe Restraint ...........................
ChimeLevelAdjustment ..................................
Cigarette Lighter .............................................
nl-
-I
L._-
:.-I
~
5-60
3-28
3-31
3-31
5-21
5-13
5-10
1-60
5-78
1-37
1-34
1-43
1-31
1-45
1-48
1-45
Cleaning
Inside ofYour Vehicle ..................................
Outside of Your Vehicle ................................
UnderbodyMaintenance ...............................
Weatherstrips ..............................................
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .......................
Climate Control System ...................................
Outlet Adjustment ........................................
CompactDiscMessages ................. 3-43, 3-50,
Compact Spare Tire ........................................
Control of a Vehicle ..........................................
Coolant
EngineTemperatureGage ............................
Heater,Engine ............................................
Low Warning Light .......................................
Surge Tmk Pressure Cap .............................
Cooling System ..............................................
Cruise Control ..................................................
Cupholder(s) ..................................................
Current and Past ModelOrderForms ................
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation ..................................
n
1-1
A
..
r . - - f - iI . _ _ _
1- .. T-
bUSLUI 11e1 r\>>lSLQI Ibt: IUI
1-50
1-41
1-42
1-40
3-63
3-1 7
5-72
5-75
5-78
5-75
5-76
3-18
3-22
3-60
5-71
4-6
3-30
2-20
3-30
5-22
5-25
3-9
2-32
7-11
7-7
..2
lent
Telephone(TTY)Users ...............................
Customer Assistance Offices ...........................
Customer Satisfaction Procedure .....................
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ................................................
7-3
7-4
7-2
7-5
3
Customer Assistance Information (cont.)
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors ....... 7-10
Reporting Safety Defects to the
7-10
Canadian Government ..............................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
7-9
United States Government ..........................
Roadside Assistance Program .........................
7-5
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-10
Customizing the Automatic Door Locks .............. 2-10
D
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) .........................
Defensive Driving .............................................
Defogging and Defrosting .................................
Delayed Headlamps ........................................
Delayed Locking ...............................................
Dinghy Towing ................................................
Doing Your Own Service Work ...........................
Dolly Towing ..................................................
Dome Lamp ...................................................
Door
Ajar Light ...................................................
Delayed Locking ...........................................
Door Ajar Reminder .......................................
Locks ..........................................................
Power Door Locks .........................................
Programmable Automatic Door Locks .............
Rear Security Locks .....................................
4
3-13
4-2
3-20
3-14
2-9
4-30
5-3
4-31
3-16
3-36
2-9
2-9
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
Driver
Position. Safety Belt .....................................
Six-Way Power Seat ......................................
Driving
At Night .....................................................
City ...........................................................
Defensive .....................................................
Drunken .......................................................
Freeway .....................................................
Hill andMountainRoads ..............................
In Rain and on WetRoads ...........................
Winter ........................................................
Driving On Grades ..........................................
Driving on Snow or Ice ....................................
Driving Through Deep Standing Water ...............
Driving Through Flowing Water .........................
Driving with a Trailer .......................................
1-13
1-3
4-15
4-19
4-2
4-3
4-20
4-22
4-16
4-24
4-39
4-25
4-18
4-18
4-38
E
Electrical System
Add-on Equipment ......................................
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...........................
Headlamp Wiring .........................................
Power Windows and Other Power Options ......
Windshield WiperFuses ...............................
Emergency Trunk Release Handle .....................
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs .................................
5-81
5-82
5-81
5-81
5-81
2-14
3-33
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter .........................................
Battery .......................................................
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............
Coolant ......................................................
Coolant Heater ............................................
CoolantTemperatureGage ...........................
CoolingSystemInspection ............................
Engine Compartment Overview ......................
Exhaust .....................................................
Oil .............................................................
Overheating ................................................
Starting ......................................................
EngineCompartmentFuseBlock ......................
Engine Coolant Level Check .............................
Engine Cooling When Trailer T m h g ..................
Engine Oil Additives ........................................
EngineOilLevelCheck
...................................
Entry/Exit Lighting ...........................................
Express-Down Window ....................................
Extender, Safety Belt .......................................
Exterior Lamps ...............................................
5-17
5-38
3-31
5-19
2-20
3-30
6-21
5-1 2
2-28
5-13
5-23
2-1 9
5-85
6-16
4-41
5-16
6-16
3-16
2-1 6
1-30
3-12
F
FabridCarpet .................................................
5-72
Filter
5-17
Engine Air Cleaner
Finding a Station ............................
3-39, 3-44, 3-52
:
i:: :
= =:
:
i : i :
=:
~
= = = = = = = =
Finding PTY Stations ...............................
3.47.
Finish Care ....................................................
Finish Damage ...............................................
Fixed Mast Antenna ........................................
Flash-to-Pass Feature .......................................
Flat Tire ........................................................
FlatTire. Changing .........................................
Fluid
Automatic Transaxle .....................................
Power Steering ...........................................
Windshield Washer ......................................
FM ...............................................................
FogLamps ....................................................
Folding theSeatback ........................................
Following Distance ..........................................
Footnotes ................................................ 6-6,
Fuel ...............................................................
Additives ......................................................
California Fuel ..............................................
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................
Filling YourTank ...........................................
Fuels in Foreign Countries ..............................
m~
uayt! .........................................................
Gasoline Octane ...........................................
Gasoline Specifications ..................................
System Inspection .......................................
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...........................
.Windshield .w.iper .........................................
3-54
5-76
5-77
3-63
3-7
5-60
5-61
5-18
5-32
5-33
3-61
3-15
1-6
4-38
6-12
5-5
5-6
5-6
5-9
5-7
5-7
3-d1
5-5
5-5
6-21
n-
5-82
5-81
5
G
Gage
Engine CoolantTemperature .........................
Fuel ..........................................................
Speedometer ..............................................
Tachometer .................................................
Garment Hooks ..............................................
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................
Specifications ...............................................
Glass Surfaces ...............................................
Glove Box .....................................................
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ....................................................
3-30
3-37
3-25
3-26
2-32
5-5
5-5
5-74
2-32
7-5
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ...................................
Head Restraints ...............................................
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer ....................
Headlamp Wiring ............................................
Headlamps ....................................................
BulbReplacement .......................................
FrontTurn Signal Lamps ..............................
Halogen Bulbs ............................................
Headlamps Off in Park (P) ...............................
Headlamps On Reminder ...................................
6
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-22
4-22
Hill and Mountain Roads ..................................
4-37
Hitches ..........................................................
Hood
5-10
Checking Things Under ................................
Release ..................................................... 5-10
Horn ...............................................................
3-5
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
5-27
Surge Tank .................................................
How to Check ................................................
5-53
.................. 5-32
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
How to Use This Manual ...................................... ii
HowtoWearSafetyBeltsProperly
................... 1-12
4-18
Hydroplaning ..................................................
3-4
1-5
3-7
5-81
5-45
5-45
5-47
5-45
3-14
3-7
If No Steam Is Coming From YourEngine .......... 5-24
If Steam Is Coming FromYour Engine ............... 5-23
If the Light Is Flashing ..................................... 3-32
If the Light Is On Steady .................................
3-32
If You Are Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ....... 4-28
IfYou Do Decide To Pull a Trailer .....................
4-35
........................... 4-26
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
2-18
Ignition Positions .............................................
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check ..........................
6-19
Indicators .......................................................
3-23
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-34
Inflation .
Tire Pressure ................................... 5-53
Inspection
BrakeSystem .............................................
6-21
Engine Cooling System ................................
6-21
ExhaustSystem ..........................................
6-20
Fuel System ...............................................
6-21
Part C - Periodic Maintenance .......................
6-20
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
BootandSeal .........................................
6-20
Throttle System ...........................................
6-21
Instrument Panel
Cluster .......................................................
3-24
Overview .....................................................
3-2
Instrument Panel Brightness .............................
3-15
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
(Passenger’s Side) .......................................
5-84
InstrumentPanelFuseBlock(Driver’sSide)
....... 5-83
Interior Lamps ................................................
3-15
Interior Plastic Components .............................. 5-74
J
jump Siariiny .................................................
s-sy
K
Key Lock Cylinders Service ..............................
KeylessEntrySystem .......................................
Keys ...............................................................
6-17
2-4
2-2
L
Lamps
Exterior ......................................................3-12
Interior ....................................................... 3-15
Lap Belt ........................................................
1-26
1-13, 1-23
Lap-Shoulder Belt ...................................
LATCHSystem
Child Restraints ........................................... 1-43
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCHSystem ...................................
1-45
Leather .........................................................
5-74
2-12
Leaving Your Vehicle .......................................
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
2-26
EngineRunning ..........................................
Light
3-27
Air Bag Readiness .......................................
Anti-Lock BrakeSystemWarning ................... 3-29
Brake System Warning ................................. 3-28
3-28
Charging System .........................................
Check Oil Level ..........................................
3-35
Door Ajar ...................................................
3-36
LE!!! Cm!2!-!! !n!.lrnI!?cJ ...................................
3-3Q
LowWasher Fluid Warning ...........................
3-36
3-31
Malfunction Indicator ....................................
3-34
Oil Pressure ...............................................
Passlock@ Warning.......................................
3-35
Safety Belt Reminder ...................................
3-26
Se;;fice ‘4ehiclz Soon ................................... 3-3u
rJ 1
3c
7
Loading Your Vehicle .......................................4-32
Lockout Protection ..........................................
2-12
Locks
Delayed Locking ...........................................
2-9
Door ...........................................................
2-8
Leaving Your Vehicle ....................................
2-12
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-12
Power Door ..................................................
2-9
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Rear Door Security Locks .............................
2-11
Long Trip/Highway Definition ..............................
6-6
Long Trip/Highway Intervals ...............................
6-6
Long Trip/Highway Scheduled Maintenance ........ 6-12
Loss of Control ...............................................
4-14
Low Coolant Warning Light ..............................
3-30
Low Washer Fluid Warning Light .......................
3-36
Maintenance. Normal Replacement Parts ............ 5-88
Maintenance Schedule
AtEach Fuel Fill .........................................
6-16
At Least Once a Month ................................
6-16
6-17
At Least Once a Year ..................................
At Least Twice a Year ..................................
6-17
BrakeSystem Inspection ..............................
6-21
Engine Cooling System Inspection ................. 6-21
ExhaustSystem Inspection ...........................
6-20
8
Maintenance Schedule (cont.)
Fuel System Inspection ................................
6-21
How This Section is Organized .......................
6-3
Introduction ..................................................
6-2
Long Trip/Highway ScheduledMaintenance ..... 6-12
MaintenanceRequirements .............................
6-2
Part A - Scheduled Maintenance Services ......... 6-4
Part B - Owner Checks and Services ............. 6-16
Part C Periodic MaintenanceInspections ...... 6-20
Part D - Recommended Fluids and
6-22
Lubricants ...............................................
Part E - Maintenance Record ........................
6-23
Selecting the RightSchedule ..........................
6-5
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance ............. 6-6
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
6-20
Bootand Seal Inspection ..........................
Throttle System Inspection ............................
6-21
Using Your ...................................................
6-4
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Maintenance When Trailer Towing .....................
4-41
Making Turns .................................................
4-39
3-31
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................
Manual Seats ...................................................
1-2
2-16
ManualWindows ............................................
Matching Transmitter(s) to YourVehicle ............... 2-6
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U S. Virgin Islands) .......................................
7-4
I
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror ................................
OutsideConvex Mirror .................................
Outside Power Mirrors ..................................
Outside Remote Control Mirrors .....................
2-30
2-31
2-31
2-30
Owners.Canadian ...............................................
ii
Owner’s Information ........................................
7-11
P
Park (P)
Shifting Out of ............................................
2-27
Parking
New
Vehicle
Break-In ......................................
2-18
Brake ........................................................ 2-25
NormalMaintenanceReplacement
Parts ............ 5-88
OverThings That Burn .................................
2-28
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
...........................
Mechanism
Check(P) Park
6-19
Parking on Hills ..............................................
4-40
Park(P)
Odometer ......................................................
3-25
Shifting Into ................................................
2-25
Off-Road Recovery ..........................................
4-12
............
Part A - Scheduled
Maintenance
Services
6-4
Oil
Part B - Owner
Checks
and
Services ................ 6-16
...................................
Check
LightOil Level
3-35
Part C - Periodic Maintenance Inspections .......... 6-20
Engine ....................................................... 5-13
Part D - Recommended Fluids and
Pressure Light ............................................. 3-34
6-22
Lubricants ..................................................
dren, Older
Restraints ................................
1-31
6-23
Part E - Maintenance Record ...........................
Operation ...................................................... 3-18
4-12, 4-38
1_33
Passing .................................................
nnnra+inn
”
-r-*---**Tps ................................................
2-17
Passlockw .....................................................
ng
Other
...................................... 3-5
7-7
Plan Ahead When Possible ................................
Outlet
............................................ 3-22
3-56
Playing a Cassette Tape ..................................
Outside
Playing a Compact Disc .................. 3-41, 3-49, 3-59
............................................. 2-31
Convex
3-39, 3-43, 3-51
Playing the Radio ...........................
.............................................
Power
2-31
o on
Remote Coiitroll ?dirrors ................................ L-3u
N
0
LL
9
Power .............................................................
Accessory Outlets ........................................
DoorLocks ..................................................
Electrical System .........................................
Steering Fluid .............................................
Windows ....................................................
Power Steering ...............................................
Programmable Automatic Door Locks .................
1-3
3-17
2-9
5-81
5-32
2-16
4-10
2-10
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......... 1-11
R
Radio Messages .............................
3.41.3.48.
Radios ..........................................................
Care ofYour Cassette Tape Player ................
Care ofYour CD Player ...............................
Care of Your CDs ........................................
Radio with Cassette and CD .........................
Radio with CD ....................................
3-39,
Setting the Time for Radios with
RadioDataSystems(RDS)
.......................
Setting the Time for Radios without
RadioDataSystems(RDS)
.......................
Theft-Deterrent ............................................
Understanding Reception ..............................
10
3-56
3-38
3-62
3-63
3-63
3-51
3-43
3-38
3-38
3-61
3-61
3.47. 3-55
RDSMessages ......................................
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ......................
1-28
RearSeat Operation .........................................
1-6
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions ............. 1-22
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .................. 1-22
Rear Window Defogger ....................................
3-21
Rearview Mirrors .............................................
2-30
Reclining Seatbacks ..........................................
1-4
Recreational Vehicle Towing .............................
4-29
Remote Keyless Entry System ............................
2-4
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ............ 2-5
Remote Trunk Release ....................................
2-13
Remote Trunk Release Lockout ........................
2-13
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
5-63
Spare Tire ..................................................
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................... 5-62
Replacement Bulbs .........................................
5-50
Replacing BrakeSystemParts ..........................
5-37
Replacing Restraint SystemParts
After a Crash ..............................................
1-60
Reporting Safety Defects
7-10
Canadian Government ..................................
General Motors ...........................................
7-10
United States Government ..............................
7-9
Restraint System Check ...................................
6-17
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................... 1-60
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ..........................................
1-60
Restraint Systems
Checking ....................................................
1-60
Replacing Parts ...........................................
1-60
Restraints, Head ...............................................
1-5
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ......................
2-19
RightFrontPassenger Position, Safety Belts ...... 1-22
Roadside
Assistance Program .......................................
7-5
Rocking YourVehicle To Get It Out ................... 4-28
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....... 2-29
S
Safety Belt
Reminder Light ............................................
Safety Belts
Careof ......................................................
CenterRearPassenger Position ....................
Driver Position ............................................
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts .....
Rear Safetv Belt Comfort Guides for
Children andSmall Adults .........................
RearSeatPassengers .................................
Right Front Passenger Position ......................
SafetyBelt Extender ....................................
SafetyBeltUse During Pregnancy .................
Safety Belts Are for Everyone .........................
3-26
5-75
1-26
1-13
1-12
1-11
Safety Chains .................................................
4-37
...
SafetyWarnings and Symbols .............................. III
Seats
Head Restraints ............................................
1-5
Manual ........................................................
1-2
1-6
Rear Seat Operation ......................................
Reclining Seatbacks ......................................
1-4
Six-Way Power Driver ....................................
1-3
Second-Gear Start .......................................... 2-24
Securing a Child Restraint
Center RearSeat Position ............................
1-48
Designedfor the LATCHSystem ................... 1-45
Rear Outside Seat Position ...........................
1-45
Right Front Seat Position ..............................
1-50
Selecting the Right Schedule, Maintenance .......... 6-5
Service ...........................................................
5=3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .............................................. 5-4
Doing Your OwnWork ...................................
5-3
EngineSoon Light .......................................
3-31
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-10
3-36
Vehicle Soon Light .......................................
-
1-28
1-22
1-22
1-30
1-21
1-7
.- -
n ._ .
n . .II-L.-d C i V l L C DUiIGtIIla
.............................................
- IW
7 4 n
1
Service Manuals ............................................. 7-10
3-40, 3-45, 3-52
Setting Preset Stations ....................
Setting the Time
Radios with Radio Data Systems (RDS) ............ 3-38
Radios without Radio Data Systems (RDS) ........ 3-38
11
Setting the Tone(BassTTreble) .......... 3-40, 3-45, 3-53
Sheet Metal Damage .......................................
5-77
2-25
Shifting Into Park (P) .......................................
Shifting Out of Park (P) ...................................
2-27
Short Trip/City Definition ....................................
6-5
ShortTrip/City Intervals .....................................
6-5
Short Trip/City Scheduled Maintenance ................ 6-6
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ...........................
1-16
Skidding ........................................................ 4-14
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips .......................
4-18
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems .....................
5-73
Specifications, Capacities .................................
5-87
Speedometer .................................................. 3-25
Starter Switch Check .......................................
6-18
Starting Your Engine .......................................
2-19
Steering ........................................................
4-10
Steering in Emergencies .................................. 4-1 1
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection ..............................
6-20
Steering Tips ..................................................
4-10
Storage
Garment Hooks ...........................................
2-32
Storage Areas
Center Console Storage Area ........................
2-32
Cupholder(s) ...............................................
2-32
2-32
Glove Box ..................................................
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools .......................... 5-69
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools .......................
5-70
12
Stuck in Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow
...................
Sun Visors ..................................................
Sunroof ......................................................
SupplementalRestraintSystem (SRS) ............
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .................
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle ......
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .................
What Will You See After an Air Bag
Inflates? ...............................................
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ................
Where Are the Air Bags? ...........................
. 4-28
. 2-16
. 2-33
. 1-53
. 1-57
. 1-59
. 1-57
. 1-58
. 1-57
. 1-55
T
Tachometer ....................................................
Taillamps
Turn Signal. Stoplamps and Back-up Lamps......
Theft.Deterrent.Radio .....................................
Theft-Deterrent Systems ...................................
Passlock@ ..................................................
Throttle SystemInspection ...............................
Tilt Wheel ........................................................
Tire Inflation Check .........................................
Tires .....................................................
5-52,
Buying New Tires ........................................
Chains .......................................................
Changing a Flat Tire ....................................
Compact Spare Tire .....................................
3-26
5-48
3-61
2-17
2-17
6-21
3-5
6-16
5-77
5-56
5-60
5-61
5-71
Tires (cont.)
If a Tire Goes Flat .......................................
5-60
Inflation .
Tire Pressure ...............................
5-53
Inspection and Rotation ................................
5-54
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .........................
5-57
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ................. 5-58
WheelReplacement .....................................
5-58
When It Is Time for New Tires ......................
5-55
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater ....................
2-21
Topof the Instrument Panel .............................
5-74
1-41
Top Strap ......................................................
Top Strap Anchor Location ...............................
1-42
Torque Lock ................................................... 2-27
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires ..................4-36
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .....................................
4-29
TowingaTrailer ..........................................
4-34
YourVehicle ...............................................
4-29
4-37
Trailer Brakes .................................................
Transaxle
5-18
Fluid, Automatic ...........................................
Transaxle Operation, Automatic .........................
2-22
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case Unit
RepairManual ............................................
7-10
Transportation Options ......................................
7-8
Trap-Resistant Trunk Kit ...................................
2-14
3-25
Trip Odometer ................................................
2-12
Trunk ............................................................
3-16
TrunkLamp ...................................................
Turn and Lane-ChangeSignals ..........................
3-6
TurnSignaVMultifunctionLever ...........................
3-6
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer .................. 4-39
U
Underbody FlushingService .............................
6-19
Understanding RadioReception ........................
3-61
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................
5-57
United States ...................................................
7-4
5-59
Used ReplacementWheels ..............................
Using Cleaner on Fabric ..................................
5-73
Using RDS ............................................
3-46,3-54
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-6
Damage Warnings ...........................................
iv
Loading ......................................................
4-32
Service SoonLight ......................................
3-36
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) .............................................
5-80
Service Parts Identification Label ................... 5-80
13
5-38
When to Change Engine Oil .............................
5-16
3-22
When to Check ..............................................
5-53
5-74
When to CheckPower Steering Fluid ................ 5-32
2-16When
You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill .........................................
4-40
Where to Put the Restraint ...............................
1-40
WhySafety Belts Work .....................................
1-8
Window Lockout .............................................
2-16
WarningLights.Gagesand Indicators ................3-23
Windows
.......................................................
2-15
Warnings
Manual ......................................................
2-16
HazardWarningFlashers ...............................
3-4
Power
........................................................
2-16
OtherWarningDevices ..................................
3-5
Windshield
and
Wiper
Blades
...........................
5-76
Safety and Symbols .........................................
iii
Windshield Washer ...........................................
3-8
VehicleDamage ..............................................
iv
Fluid
..........................................................
5-33
Washer Fluid, Low Warning Light
......................
3-36
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check ................ 6-16
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................... 5-75
Windshield Wiper
?'Veatheistrip Liibrication ...................................
6-17
Blade Replacement ......................................
5-51
Weight of the Trailer ........................................
4-35
Fuses ........................................................ 5-81
Weight of the Trailer Tongue .............................
4-36
Windshield
Wipers ............................................
3-7
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use ........................
5-15
................................................
4-24
Winter
Driving
What to Do with Used Oil ................................
5-17
Wiper Blade Check .........................................
6-17
What to Use ..................................
5-20, 5-32, 5-33
VehicleStorage ..............................................
Ventilation Adjustment ......................................
Vinyl .............................................................
Visors ...........................................................
Wheels
Tilt: i;dihl-IC;e ..........................
Replacement ...............................................
When to Add Engine Oil ..................................
Aiiy~-lt-l-l~i-~i
h1-d
14
r
m
5-a~
5-58
5-14
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment .......................
6-2