SAMSUNG 104
SAMSUNG 104
Advisory note:
An understanding of basic refrigeration, electricity and
thermal dynamics is needed to fully understand this
material
If you do not have HVAC/R experience this training
information will not be helpful
Samsung Technical Staff
John Miles
Director of Engineering and Technical Support
562 463 0880 x 229
Nelson “Stu” Taylor
Technical Support Manager
562 463 0880 x 228
Denis Dumm
Technical Support
717 243 2535 x 205
Mike Steinke
Technical Support
717 243 2535 x 208
April 2004
Technical 104 Contents
Page Number
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
Title
Mini Split Basics
Applications – Computer Rooms
Applications – Computer Rooms
Applications – Commercial Offices
Applications – Residential
Applications – Low Ambient
Applications – Heat Pump
Applications – Heat Pumps
Applications - Multi Splits
Applications - Multi Splits
Applications – Cassettes
Applications - Floor Standing Units
Accessories
Accessories
Pre Installation Check List
Pre Installation Check List
Pre Installation Check List
Installation Tips
Installation Tips
Installation Tips
Common Technical Questions
Common Technical Questions
Common Technical Questions
Maintenance
Window Units & Website
Warranty Information
Manual Notes
2
MINI SPLIT BASICS
What is a Mini-Split?
A typical definition of a mini split is a split air conditioner or heat pump, without
ductwork (ductless), the evaporator is usually mounted in or adjacent to the area
being cooled. Other features are typically low air volume, continuous fan
operation, low noise levels and remote control. Typical uses are Residential and
light commercial (offices)
Why use a Mini-Split?
The first answer that most people think of is : I don’t have or can’t install any
ductwork.
Many other reasons are:
Comfort, Mini-splits offer greater comfort when compared to traditional air
conditioning units. The lower air volume promotes greater dehumidification, the
individual control allows for greater personal comfort, and the lack of ductwork
added to the anti bacterial filters and construction of the Samsung units prevents
the spread of airborne contaminants.
Control, the room where the Mini-split is installed requires separate temperature
control from the rest of the building, or was added after the rest of the building
structure was completed. The continuous fan operation provides very accurate
temperature sensing of the room as the unit is always sampling the return air
temperature and then it will control the unit based on this temperature
Easy Installation, Mini-splits are generally small in physical size, they are very
easy to install (typically less than 4 hours/unit), and the variety of styles mean
that they can be installed in almost any suitably sized area.
Noise Levels, because the indoor unit shares the living space with you, they are
designed for the lowest noise levels possible, approximately 30 Db. The outdoor
units are also much quieter than conventional central air conditioning condensing
units. This means that they can be installed in areas close to property lines
without disturbing your neighbor’s.
3
Applications
Computer or Data Server Rooms
Mini-splits are designed to cool people and keep them comfortable. That means
the typical range of temperatures for the zone is 70-72 DegF. Mini Splits were
not specifically designed for cooling server rooms or other data rooms however
this is a very common application, and also the #1 Technical Service issue.
Sizing
Sizing of the Mini Split to the room is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT.
Samsung recommends a 12,000 Btu/h capacity per 200 to 250 Sq Ft of
room size. Do not exceed this sizing guideline
Larger units in smaller areas than the guideline states cause the supply airflow
from the unit to “bounce back” into the return air stream of the unit
The room temperature sensor is located on the unit in the return air stream, if the
supply air “bounces back” into the unit, it will satisfy the sensor and the unit will
shut down. Then due to the heat load in the room the sensor will quickly sense a
rise in temperature and call for cooling
This leads to short cycling of the unit and a much reduced unit life span.
Do not install Samsung Mini Splits in rooms less than 100 Sq Ft
Unit Location
Ensure that no obstacles to air flow exist within 10 feet of the unit, be especially
aware that Computer server units create an airflow baffle and can affect airflow to
and from the unit.
The Samsung unit must be installed high on a wall so that the airflow is
unimpeded
4
Cont
Sensible Heat and Humidity
Samsung units are designed for an approximate SHR of 0.66.
Be aware that low humidity conditions will further reduce unit performance,
requiring either additional higher fan speeds to be programmed into the unit, or
introduction of some latent load into the room
Compressor Run Times
To ensure compressor longevity it is paramount that the compressor run time be
longer than 5 minutes at all times throughout the year. This will allow oil return to
the compressor, and will ensure that the maximum number of starts per hour is
not exceeded.
If the compressor run time is less than 5 minutes, this is very indicative that the
unit is oversized.
Ambient
The other major issue with Computer or Data rooms is that they are designed to
operate 365 days 24/7. This means that the Outdoor unit will be exposed to
temperatures below the minimum design ambient of 60 DegF (AS model series)
Therefore for operation for these ambient temperatures, Samsung insists on the
following three items being installed on the system
1.
ICM 326H Fan Speed controller.
2.
Crankcase Heater on all AS07, AS09, AS24 & AS30 units, and on ALL
units manufactured prior to 2004
3.
A Wind Baffle on the coil inlet and the exhaust of the condenser fan. This
will isolate the unit from any wind that could cause the unit to over
condense and slug liquid back to the compressor.
Multi Splits
Do not use Multi Splits in a Computer, Server or Telecommunications room.
Always use a Single zone unit, preferably a cooling only unit for these types of
room, no matter how tempting it is to use a Multi Split
5
Applications
Commercial, Offices, Shops, Churches etc
Sizing
Sizing of the Mini Split to the room is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT.
Samsung recommends a 12,000 Btu/h capacity for each 350 to 400 Sq Ft of
the Room
Do not exceed this sizing guideline for the same reason as the computer room
application information
Do not install Samsung Mini Splits in rooms less than 100 Sq Ft
Ambient
Check as to the lowest ambient temperature that will be required for cooling, the
minimum design temperature for the Outdoor unit is 60 DegF, (AS/AQ model
series) If cooling is required below that, down to 32 DegF, Samsung insists on an
ICM 326H Fan Speed controller being installed on the Outdoor unit. On AS07 &
AS09 units, and AS12/18 prior to 2004 a Crankcase Heater should also be
installed.
Filters
Samsung Mini Splits, because of the constant operation of the fan require much
more frequent filter cleanings or replacements than the standard “ducted US
style” units which are generally used for commercial buildings. Samsung
recommends that the filters are cleaned every 8 weeks of operation, more
frequently in areas subject to dirtier conditions e.g. Warehouse offices etc
Condensers located inside the Building
Especially with Warehouse or additional office space the condensers can be
installed inside the building, this provides two specific issues to address
1. Lower ambient, these units are rated at 95 DegF ambient, if the ambient in
the building does not rise above 80 DegF, we can downsize the unit as it
will produce more capacity and operate more efficiently
2. Cleaning the condenser coil, use soapy water and keep the condenser coil
clean, put it on the same schedule as the indoor unit filter cleaning
6
Applications
Residential
Sizing
Sizing of the Mini Split to the room is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT.
Samsung recommends a 12,000 Btu/h capacity for each 550 to 600 Sq Ft of
the Room
The throw of a 7, 9 or 12,000 Btu/h unit is approximately 18 feet, and the 18, 24
and 30,000 Btu/h units have a throw of approximately 25 feet.
Therefore when applying these units in a residential application make sure that
the units are not mounted at the top of the stairs blowing directly onto a wall or
inside a niche or cutout in a room.
Again the temperature sensor is designed to sense the returning air after it has
been supplied to the room, extracted the heat and humidity and then returned to
the unit, not when it has been bounced directly back off a wall or other obstacle
Ambient
As standard the units are capable of cooling down to an ambient of 60 DegF,
(AS/AQ Series) which is sufficient for the majority of residential applications
Indoor unit Location
For optimum unit operation the Indoor unit has to be mounted a minimum of 6
feet from the floor. A minimum height of 4 feet must be maintained for correct
unit operation
Outdoor unit location
The Outdoor units are designed to operate with extremely low noise levels
compared to the standard US condensing unit, this allows the outdoor units to
located in areas closer to property lines, however when locating the Samsung
Outdoor unit ensure that the spacing detailed in the Installation manual are
observed.
7
Applications
Low Ambient
As stated in the specific applications :
The following models are capable of providing Cooling operation down to an
ambient temperature of 60 DegF. Therefore to operate in Cooling down to an
ambient temperature of 32 DegF they require the installation of an ICM326H Fan
Speed Controller
AS – Cooling only
AQ – Heat Pump
AS07A6MA
AS09A6MAF
AS12ABMCF
AS18A0RCF
AS24A2RC
AS30C2BC
AQ09A6MAF
AQ12ABMCF
AQ18A0RCF
AQ24A2RC
AQ30C2BC
AM – Cooling only Multi Splits
AP – Floor Standing
AM18B1C2 (plus extra probe)
AM26B1C2 (plus extra probe)
AM27B1C3 (plus extra probe)
APC3240C
AP500PF
The following units have Low Ambient operation, down to 32 DegF installed as
standard, and do not require any additional low ambient kit to be installed
ACC – Cooling only Cassette
ACH – Heat Pump Cassette
ACC1800C
ACC2400C
ACC2800C
ACC4400C
ACH2400C
ACH2800C
The following units SHOULD NOT BE USED in an application which requires
cooling below a 60 DegF ambient
AD18B1C2
AD26B1C2
8
Applications
Heat Pump
The Samsung Heat Pump units are NOT fitted with any type of auxiliary heating
for back up heat during periods of time when the outdoor ambient is to cold to
allow for full capacity operation
Due to this the following is true
The Colder the air outside the lower the capacity and supply air temperature
provided by your Samsung Heat Pump unit
This means that as the temperature falls below 32 DegF the unit produces less
heat and the air coming off the unit starts to feel cold to the touch
Below 14 DegF the heat output is greatly reduced, the energy input greatly
increased and we recommend that the unit not be operated fro more than 3
hours continuously. The supply air temperature will be below body temperature
Therefore we recommend that the Samsung heat pump should NOT be used as
the primary source of heating for areas where the Outdoor temperature can fall to
14 DegF or below.
If a Heat Pump is used please ensure that an additional source of heat
(baseboard electric or hydronic, or other type) be used when the temperature
falls below 24 DegF
Defrost
However the Samsung unit does have “Demand Defrost” which allows the unit to
choose when to enter into defrost based upon various operating characteristics,
not just every 30, 60 or 90 minutes as most heat pumps
The defrost is based upon the following requirements, if these criteria are
satisfied
Defrost Starts IF
1
2
3
Indoor Coil Temperature drops 1 DegF for
Consecutive 6 minute periods
Indoor Coil Temperature is below 104 DegF
Compressor has been running for a minimum
of 20 minutes total
9
Cont
OR
Defrost ALSO Starts IF
1
2
3
Total Compressor run time is over 3 hours
Indoor Coil Temperature is below 104 DegF
Compressor has been running for 6 minutes
continuously
During Defrost the Indoor fan motor will stop so that cold air is not blown into the
room.
The Indoor fan motor will only start again when the unit has returned to heat
pump heating and the indoor coil temperature reaches 131 DegF, this is
Samsung’s warm start,
When the unit is first started in Heat Pump mode the Indoor fan motor will also
not run until the coil temperature has reached 131 DegF
Heat Pump Heating on the Remote Control
The symbol on the Remote Control for Heat Pump Heating can be a little
confusing
The symbol that is a SUN is the correct symbol for Heat Pump Heating
Press the mode button until the SUN is displayed, and then select the desired
temperature and fan speed and the unit will operate in Heat Pump mode
The symbol that looks like a FLAME is actually a DRIP of water. This mode is
the DRY mode, which is used to cool the room down at the lowest possible fan
speed, which removes the most moisture from the room.
Therefore if your customer complains that his heat pump is not operating in
heating, first check that he has it in the correct mode on the remote control
Reversing Valve
The reversing or 4 way valve is energized for HEATING in a Samsung unit. If the
unit does not produce heat when in the Heat Pump mode, check for line voltage
at the solenoid coil on the valve. If a replacement valve or coil is required, note
the valve manufacturer to ensure that the correct assembly is provided.
10
Applications
Multi Splits
Multi Splits are units with a single Outdoor unit, (with multiple compressors) and
dual or triple Indoor units. Each Indoor unit has its own line set and hand held
remote controller.
Multi Splits are designed to be able to cool separate zones with the convenience
of a single outdoor unit. We do not recommend that the units be used to cool the
same zone, unless they can be spaced a minimum of 25 feet apart on the wall or
ceiling
Do not ever place two Multi Splits where they blow directly into each other
Model Configuration
AM18B1C2
AM26B1C2
2 x 9,000 Btu/h Cooling only systems
2 x 13,000 Btu/h Cooling only systems
AM27B1C3
1 x 13,000 Btu/h Cooling only system
2 x 7,000 Btu/h Cooling only systems
AD18B1C2
AD26B1C2
2 x 9,000 Btu/h Heat Pump systems
2 x 13,000 Btu/h Heat Pump systems
Line Runs
AM18B1C2
AM26B1C2
50ft total with 23ft lift – Each Indoor unit
50ft total with 23ft lift – Each Indoor unit
AM27B1C3
13,000 Btu/h unit 50ft total with 23ft lift
50ft total 23ft lift – Each 7,000 Btu/h unit
AD18B1C2
AD26B1C2
50ft total with 23ft lift – Each Indoor unit
50ft total with 23ft lift – Each Indoor unit
11
Cont
Control Wiring
Each Indoor unit has its own set of control wiring
It is very important that you :
WIRE THE “A” UNIT CONTROL TERMINALS ON THE OUTDOOR UNIT TO
THE “A” INDOOR UNIT, “B” UNIT CONTROL TERMINALS TO THE “B” INDOOR
UNIT ETC
This seems very easy, but we answer multiple technical phone calls where this
has not been done and the units operate backwards and freeze up the Indoor
units or do not cool
Samsung recommends that the installer runs the refrigerant piping and electrical
wiring together and connects one circuit at a time to prevent this mistake
Communication
The AM27B1C3 and the AD18/26B1C2 units use communication to control the
Outdoor unit
With the AD units it is very important that these units are ADDRESSED, so that
the Outdoor unit can correctly identify the Indoor unit that requires compressor
operation
Address Settings
A Unit
SW01
B Unit
SW02
L
H
DO NOT USE L & L
SW01
SW02
H
H
Failure to address the units will result in a CO code being displayed on the
Outdoor unit PCB, individual Indoor unit communication errors will be shown as a
CA and CB respectively
12
Applications
Ceiling Cassette Units
Ceiling Cassette units are designed to be mounted in a drop ceiling. They do not
fit exactly into a 2’ x 4’ ceiling tile. 4 tiles should be removed and the cross bars
cut away, the unit chassis will then fit inside the space created. The tiles will then
be trimmed to suit and will lay on the fascia panel which is attached to the Indoor
unit
Ceiling Cassettes are designed for use in mostly commercial applications, so
make sure that the Commercial sizing guides are adhered to.
Fresh Air
The Samsung Ceiling Cassettes are not capable of introducing fresh air from
outside the room
Ducted Discharge
A single ducted discharge can be attached to the Indoor unit chassis to allow up
to 15% of the unit airflow to be provided to a remote location e.g. Bathroom,
small office etc. For optimum operation, the duct size should be a minimum of 8”
diameter and the DB97-00265A Air Block Off kit should be installed in the Indoor
unit supply air discharge. Maximum of 2 can be used per Indoor unit
Control Wiring
The ACC/ACH units communicate between the Indoor unit and the Outdoor unit.
Communication wiring is a dual wire (ACC1800C) and single wire (All other units)
This communication wire should be separated by at least 2” from the high voltage
power wires and not routed next to or over any other high voltage device e.g.
florescent lights
Controls
As standard these units are supplied with a Wired Remote control
If Wireless or Infra Red Hand Held control is required this option kit must be
ordered separately.
The kit consists of 2 pieces
Hand Held Remote
I/R Signal receiver for the Fascia Panel
13
Applications
Floor Standing Units
Floor standing units are designed primarily for the hospitality industry, bars,
restaurants, hotels etc. They can be placed in a corner or recessed into a wall
and provide cooling for a large area in a quiet, convenient unit
The units are very easy to install and maintain as all access is via the removable
front panels on the indoor unit
Power Supply
The AP500PF is unique in the Samsung model line up, as this unit is the only
3 PHASE model available.
The Outdoor unit operates on 208/230V – 3Ph – 60Hz, and the Indoor unit is fed
208-230V – 1Ph – 60Hz from the Outdoor unit
Auto Restart
Until the mid 2002 model year, these units did not feature Auto restart after a
power failure. If the unit has a serial number P1_ T6_______ and later, it should
have auto restart as standard. To retrofit an earlier unit, a replacement PCB and
temperature sensor (AP3240C) will be required
Longer Line Set Runs
Both of the AP units are available with a maximum line set length of 82ft total run,
which includes an elevation difference of 49ft (trap at 25ft). This allows
maximum flexibility in locating the Outdoor unit, when compared to a high wall
unit of similar capacity
14
Accessories
To make the installation process simpler Samsung is pleased to offer the
following accessories for our range of Mini Splits
Condensate pumps:
We recommend Sauerman pumps for our units.
Remember all pumping
systems require diligent maintenance and make noise during operation.
These small pumps may use the power supply provided at the indoor unit,
provided the electrical requirements are adequate.
Float switches and alarms are sometimes used for obvious reasons.
The switch to deactivate the a/c unit may disrupt power to the Samsung indoor
unit.
However, once the float returns to the normal setting, the wall mount unit with
auto restart capability, will restart.
The switching mechanism of the float switch must be able to handle the current
draw of the system.
We recommend wiring the alarm switch in series with the room temperature
sensor as this will create an error code which will stop the unit and flash the
operating lights to signify the fault.
Line Sets
Samsung offer Line Sets for all of the High Wall and Multi Split units in both a
25ft and a 50ft length
The advantages of these Line Sets are :
1. Both the Suction and “Expanded Gas” line are insulated with high
efficiency 3/8” insulation. On all High Wall and Multi Split Samsung units
both lines are required to be insulated as the Expansion Device for the
system is located in the Outdoor unit
2. Electrical wire is included : As the Electrical Interconnect between the
Indoor and Outdoor units is line voltage, 14 AWG wire is required. The
Line Sets are supplied complete with 7 conductor 14 AWG wire, sufficient
to be able to connect all Samsung models
3. Factory made flare connections, these allow for complete confidence in
the connection at the Indoor and Outdoor units
15
Cont
Samsung Electrical Cables
14 Gauge wire is required in North America for all the interconnect wiring
7 interconnecting wires are the most required between indoor and outdoor units –
AQ24 and AQ30 systems
Disregard the information in the Installation Manuals requiring the use of 18
gauge cables.
Low Ambient Controller
Refer to Page 7 for Low Ambient information
Condenser covers
Samsung commercial systems come with a plastic cover. A cover is a good as
long as the interior of the outdoor unit stays free of moisture. This moisture does
more damage than leaving the Outdoor unit uncovered.
Mounting Brackets
Samsung offers wall-mounting brackets as an accessory.
Mounting the condensing unit on the wall is common throughout the world. Due
to space and line run limitations. The condensing unit is very quite and light. The
unit requires a 4” clearance from the wall.
These are manufactured by MURPRO and come complete with isolators and are
completely adjustable.
16
Pre Installation Requirements
1. Unit sized correctly and applied correctly
Refer to Pages 4, 5, 6 & 7 for information on the sizing and requirements for the
specific application required. If in doubt call Technical Service for advice
2. Electrical Requirements
All the Samsung units require Line Voltage interconnect for both power for the
Indoor unit and Control voltage for the Outdoor unit.
There is NO 24V AC wiring on these units, therefore all the electrical wiring
between the units MUST be in 14 AWG
The Outdoor unit should be fed with power from the Breaker or Disconnect box.
The Outdoor unit will provide power for the Indoor unit.
Do not install local disconnects or J boxes adjacent to the Indoor unit as this can
cause mis-wiring and polarity issues for the system
3. Breaker Size
Check the Breaker Size is correct for the system, Samsung units do not have
start components for the compressor, and therefore they rely on the correct
power and amperage supply to start
Unit
Power Supply
Breaker Size
AS07
AS/AQ09
AS/AQ12
AS/AQ18
AS/AQ24
AS/AQ30
115V-1Ph-60Hz
115V-1Ph-60Hz
208/230V-1Ph-60Hz
208/230V-1Ph-60Hz
208/230V-1Ph-60Hz
208/230V-1Ph-60Hz
15A
15A
15A
20A
25A
30A
AM18/26
AM27
208/230V-1Ph-60Hz
208/230V-1Ph-60Hz
20A
20A
AD18/26
208/230V-1Ph-60Hz
20A
17
Cont
4. Line Set Lengths and Sizes
Ensure that the Maximum Line Set lengths are observed, the System will not
operate correctly and will probably experience premature failure of its
components
Do not upsize or alter the Line Set Sizes from those published, Samsung cannot
guarantee operation with incorrectly sized Line Sets
Model
Suction
Expanded Gas
Total Length
Lift
AS07
AS/AQ09
AS/AQ12
AS/AQ18
AS/AQ24
AS/AQ30
3/8”
3/8”
½”
½”
5/8”
5/8”
¼”
¼”
¼”
¼”
¼”
¼”
50ft
50ft
50ft
50ft
64ft
64ft
23ft
23ft
23ft
23ft
26ft
26ft
AM18
AM26
AM27 (13k unit)
AM27 (7k units)
3/8”
½”
½”
3/8”
¼”
¼”
¼”
¼”
50ft Each
50ft Each
50ft each
50ft each
23ft
23ft
23ft
23ft
AD18
AD26
3/8”
½”
¼”
¼”
50ft Each
50ft Each
23ft
23ft
Model
Suction
Liquid
Total Length
Lift
ACC18
ACC24
ACC28
ACC44
5/8”
5/8”
5/8”
¾”
¼”
¼”
¼”
3/8”
98ft
98ft
98ft
164ft
49ft
49ft
49ft
82ft
ACH24
ACH28
5/8”
5/8”
3/8”
3/8”
98ft
98ft
49ft
49ft
AP32
AP50
5/8”
¾”
3/8”
3/8”
82ft
82ft
49ft
49ft
18
Cont
5. Indoor Unit Positioning
High Wall units must be mounted high on the wall, use a height of 6 to 8 feet,
with nothing that would restrict airflow in front of the indoor units. This will
provide optimum operation
The air returned to the indoor unit must be indicative of the true temperature of
the entire space. When the unit is high on the wall, and the discharge air travels
along the longest path possible to return to the unit (no blockage or reflected air
returned) the system will operate properly. Wall units throw air approximately 18’
(7, 9 & 12,000 Btu/h units) and 25’ (18, 24 & 30,000 Btu/h units)
6. Outdoor Unit Positioning
Ensure that a minimum distance of 4” behind the unit, and 24” in front of unit is
maintained; otherwise the condenser airflow will be affected.
Ensure adequate access for service and repair is provided. The easiest access
to the unit can be obtained by removing the top cover to the condensing unit
All valve and electrical connections are on the RHS of the Outdoor unit when
looking at the condenser fan
19
Installation Tips
1. Samsung units do not use a filter dryer on the original Installation
Avoid problems with a clean installation of refrigerant lines. The system must be
put into a deep vacuum (400 Microns minimum) and pressure tested with
nitrogen.
On Heat Pump systems it is good practice to insulate the flare nuts to prevent
loosening as the system operates.
2. Electrical Wiring Connections
Samsung systems are ALL POLARITY SENSITIVE to the power supply, even
the 208/230V units, it is very important that the wiring from Outdoor to Indoor unit
is point to point, with the wire leaving one terminal on the Outdoor units and
landing in the same numbered or lettered terminal on the Indoor unit
This is a sample electrical interconnect for the following units
AS18A0RCF/AS24A2RC/AS30C2BC
Indoor Unit
Outdoor Unit
G
A
B
3
2
1
G
A
B
3
2
1
L2
L1
System
Breaker
208/230V Power is supplied from the Breaker on L1 & L2
208/230V Power for the Indoor unit is provided on A & B
Compressor signal is Terminal #1
Condenser Fan Low Speed is Terminal #2
Condenser Fan High Speed is Terminal #3
G is Ground (or Earth as it is sometimes called)
20
Cont
3. Number of Electrical Interconnect Wires
If a question on the wiring occurs, the best manual to consult is the Service guide
as it contains the unit wiring diagrams
Model
Number of Interconnect Wires, including Ground
AS07/09/12
AQ09/12
4
6
AS18/24/30
AQ18/24/30
6
7
AM18/26/27
4 per Indoor Unit
AD18/26
4 per Indoor Unit
ACC18
ACC24/28/44
ACH24/28
5
4
4
AP32/500
4
4. Opening the Service Valves
After pressure testing and evacuation, the charge for the system has to be
released from the Outdoor unit.
To do this, it is very important that the
SUCTION SERVICE VALVE MUST BE OPENED FIRST
This will allow the refrigerant to flood the system without passing through the
capillary tube. If the Liquid service valve is opened first it is possible to log Oil in
the capillary tube, especially if the Outdoor temperature is low
If this happens the unit will drop into a vacuum immediately on start up of the
unit, to repair this either recover the refrigerant charge and start evacuation again
or it is possible to clear the log by driving up the condenser head pressure by
blocking off the outdoor coil or unplugging the condenser fan
21
Cont
5. Adding Refrigerant Charge
If the unit interconnect length exceeds the standard charge length of the system,
additional refrigerant must be added to the system. Samsung systems do not
have a set length for this standard charge, on some units it is 16ft, some units it
is 25ft. Always check the Service or Installation manual for your unit
The additional refrigerant MUST BE WEIGHED INTO THE SYSTEM, as these
are critically charged systems
The additional amount of refrigerant required is calculated from the extra length
of interconnect multiplied by the refrigerant quantity in oz/ft. All systems used
R22
AS07 & AS/AQ09
AS/AQ12&18
AS/AQ24/30
Model
Add 0.2 oz/ft
Add 0.3 oz/ft
Add 0.4 oz/ft
Standard
Charge
Length (ft)
25ft
Additional charge for various lengths
(oz R22)
35ft
50ft
64ft
AS07
AS/AQ09A6MA
AS/AQ09A6MAF
16
16
25
1.8
1.8
0
3.8
3.8
2.0
6.8
6.8
5.0
N/A
N/A
N/A
AS/AQ12
AS/AQ18
25
25
0
0
3.0
3.0
7.5
7.5
N/A
N/A
AS/AQ24
AS/AQ30
16
25
3.4
0
7.4
4.0
13.4
10.0
19.2
15.6
AM18/26
AM27
50
50
0
0
0
0
0
0
N/A
N/A
AD18/26
33
0
0.4
3.4
N/A
6. Condensate Piping
Follow installation instruction and remember water runs down hill.
Installation diagram is in the Installation and Operation Manual
22
Common Technical Problems
These are a sample of the common Technical questions that are asked of our
Technical Support staff. By having these available it may help diagnose a
problem before calling
1. No operation Indoor Unit – No Indicator lights on the unit
If the Indoor unit has power to it, but it will not operate, first check the 3.15A Fuse
that is mounted on the Indoor PCB (Microprocessor). This fuse is used to protect
the PCB from spikes or changes in the power supply, therefore it is common to
require this fuse after electrical storms or power outages
Replacement fuses can most easily be obtained from Radio Shack or Car parts
stores. The fuse is a glass Buss type
2. No Compressor or Condenser Fan Operation on start up
This is due to the polarity on the power supply being reversed, which allows the
control relays to close on the same leg, giving 0V at the compressor.
The reason that Samsung units have polarity even on 208/230V power is that
they are built for the world marketplace. The rest of the world uses a 220V “Hot
Leg” and a 0V Neutral leg. This means that the unit switches the “Hot Leg” via
the PCB and sends it back to the Outdoor unit to start the compressor and
condenser fan
This can be alleviated by wiring the unit in multi colored wires (see the Samsung
wire in the accessories section), or by making sure that the wiring is exactly point
to point per the diagram – See the interconnect diagram on Page 18 of this
manual)
23
Cont
3. PCB – All Indicator Lights Flashing
This is due to the Indoor PCB having lost its communication with the Remote
Control and becoming “confused” as to what it outputs should be
This is very easy to correct, it requires the Indoor unit to be powered up, the
Remote Control in hand and the correct code for the unit. The code can be
found either in Service guide or from calling Technical Support
The batteries from the remote control are removed, and WHILE holding down
both of the temperature Up/Down keys replace the batteries in the remote
This will cause the display to change to 6 zeros
Then by using the : Temperature UP button the 2nd Zero can be changed
Temperature DOWN button the 3rd Zero can be changed
Fan Speed button the 4th Zero can be changed
ON Timer button the 5th Zero can be changed
OFF Timer button the 6th Zero can be changed
Then the MODE button is pressed
This will cause the display to change to 1 and 5 zeros
Then by using the : Temperature UP button the 2nd Zero can be changed
Temperature DOWN button the 3rd Zero can be changed
Fan Speed button the 4th Zero can be changed
ON Timer button the 5th Zero can be changed
OFF Timer button the 6th Zero can be changed
After this the remote is aimed at the Indoor unit and the ON/OFF button is
pressed, this sends the signal to the Indoor unit, reprograms it, and just the STD
light will flash.
Remove the batteries and replace normally
Select the required mode and temperature, and transmit to the unit, it will now
operate normally
This procedure will also be required should the Indoor PCB be replaced as this
allows the correct code for the model to be programmed
24
Cont
4. My Cassette Wired Remote Controller reads in Degree Celsius
Again because these units are designed for a world market they have the ability
to display the set and actual temperature in Celsius and Fahrenheit. The default
setting is Celsius
To change the display use the following :
Turn Off the power to the system at the Breaker
Open up the Wired Remote Controller, on the PCB in the controller there are 4
Dip Switches
Locate Dip Switch #3 and switch it to the OFF position (opposite) position
Re-assemble the Wired Remote and turn the power back on
The display will now read in Fahrenheit!!
5. I can’t get the Flare nuts to fit on the Service Valves
This is a more common call than we expected it to be. The Service Valves have
two separate threaded connections
The threaded connection for the Flare nuts (supplied with the unit)
These are found UNDER THE BLACK PLASTIC CAPS
The close machined thread for the Service Valve Stems
These are found UNDER THE BRASS CAPS
DO NOT TRY TO PUT THE FLARE NUTS ON THE THREADS FOR THE
SERVICE VALVE STEMS – THEY WILL NOT FIT
FLARE
FLARE
25
Maintenance
Mini Splits are very easy to maintain, in reality they are not very different to the
maintenance on a Central A/C or Heat Pump system, and can be placed on a
similar maintenance schedule with one major exception.
Filters & the Continuous Fan
All Mini Splits feature continuous Indoor fan operation when the unit is powered
and turned on, the Indoor fan does not cycle with the compressor as is common
with the standard “US style” systems
The reason for this is :
While the system is on, the fan slowly moves air throughout the conditioned
space, monitoring the temperature of the air returning to the fan coil. This action
provides accurate temperature control and eliminates temperature and air
stratification inside the room.
The system will quickly react to changes in temperature in the conditioned space,
allowing a minimal temperature fluctuation and a more comfortable environment.
The energy use and wear on a constantly moving fan is less than a fan
constantly starting and stopping. The additional cost per year is negligible;
It can be compared to a 40-watt light bulb being used all year (approximate cost
per day of less than a quarter) to a 1/3 to ½ (500 to 750 watts) hp motor. (Which
is started and stopped 4 to 6 times in an hour, consuming far more energy and
costing more : 500W x 20minutes = 166W consumed per hour versus 40W for
the Samsung unit
But the constant fan operation does have one drawback, the unit air filters work
harder and therefore clog up faster than on a regular central unit
Therefore Samsung recommends that in a residential application the 2 large Air
Filters be cleaned MONTHLY & the two smaller optional filters be replaced every
2 MONTHS
This is very important, especially with the lower airflows of the Samsung units
any loss of airflow due to dirty or clogged filters can cause the unit to possibly
freeze up the indoor coil or to cycle on the freeze protection thermostat
26
Window Units
For 2004 all of the Window units available from Samsung will use Electronic
controls and a hand held remote control
Models are available from 5,000 to 24,000 Btu/h, they are cooling only with NO
electric heat or Heat Pump options available
Window unit warranty is the same as the Samsung Mini Split warranty, unless
the 1-800-SAMSUNG number is used, when labor can be provided IF the unit is
return to one of 6 Samsung repair centers in the US
Warranty parts for the units (no labor allowance) can be obtained from
Quietside/Samsung using a standard warranty claim form.
Website
The Quietside/Samsung website has been heavily modified to further assist you
in obtaining information on all of our products. The address is
www.Quietside.com
Once you visit the website, go directly to SPECS tab
Click on Trade Partner, clicking on the End user section allows limited access to
specification sheets and user information
The initial User ID is guest (all lower case) and the password is quiet (all lower
case)
Then you can enter in your details and obtain your specific USER ID. This will
allow you to access all of the information on the site
New additions to the website include
AQ09 – Operational animation using the remote control to control the unit
Line set and charge calculator – This will allow you to calculate the additional
charge required or check if the line set design falls within our parameters
Parts finder – This is currently being constructed but the parts sections that are in
place allow you to roll the mouse cursor over the number for a part and see the
specifications and even a photo of that part. Also available are wiring diagrams
All these functions can be found underneath the TOOLS tab on the main home
page
27
Warranties and You
IN 2003 THE SAMSUNG WARRANTY PERIOD CHANGED
THE CURRENT SAMSUNG WARRANTY IS 5 YEARS COMPRESSOR, ONE
YEAR PARTS FOR UNITS MANUFACTURED FROM 2003 ONWARD. THIS IS
SIGNIFIED BY A W IN THE 4 DIGIT OF THE SERIAL NUMBER
Samsung warranty reflects a confidence in our product. Millions of Samsung air
conditioning products have been sold throughout the world and in North America
When a problem is discovered, it is generally from an outside factor. Shipping,
Concealed Damage, Improper installation and/or application, bad voltage, miss
wiring and generally not reading the instructions. These are not valid warranty
issues.
Samsung distributors are responsible to pre-qualify the contractor by evaluating
their experience. Provide customer service and warranty processing.
Many make mistakes because they do not know what to do, or what the
Samsung warranty procedures are.
Following proper procedures will expedite warranties.
A warranty claim form must be filled out completely and reviewed by the
distributor. After review by the distributor, the claim is sent to Samsung via
fax 1-562-463-5665. If it is not filled out correctly it will be returned to the
distributor be to corrected
Samsung will respond to the distributor or contractor within one business
day (24hours).
IF a claim is determined to be valid Samsung may contact the contractor or
technician to review the installation. When approved, warranty parts will
be expedited.
Remember: “No Claim Form, or an incorrectly filled out form = No Action”
Extended Warranties
Extended warranties, backed by Equiguard are available through your local
Samsung distributor
28
Manual Notes
THANK YOU FOR READING THIS MANUAL, WE HOPE IT HAS BEEN
INFORMATIVE.
PLEASE NOTE THAT ALL SAMSUNG UNITS ARE SUBJECT TO
CONTINOUS IMPROVEMENT AND SPECIFICATIONS CAN CHANGE
WITHOUT NOTICE PLEASE CHECK THE INFORMATION SUPPLIED WITH
THE UNIT BEFORE INSTALLATION
ALL SIZING GUIDES CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL ARE SUGGESTIONS
ONLY PLEASE PERFORM AN ACCURATE HEAT LOAD ANALYSIS PRIOR
TO SELECTING AND INSTALLING YOUR SAMSUNG MINI SPLIT
John
Stu
Denis
Mike
29
Quietside Corporation | www.quietside.com
2865 Pellissier Place, Whittier CA 90601 Tel: (562)463-0880 Fax (562)463-5665
6 Pine Hill Drive, Carlisle PA 17013 Tel: (717)243-2535 Fax (717)243-7917