Epson ActionNote 866CX User`s guide

FCC COMPLIANCE STATEMENT
FOR AMERICAN USERS
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio and
television reception, However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected
Consult an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels that
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment. It is the responsibility of the
user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable with this device. If this
equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave cables connected to unused
interfaces.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
FOR CANADIAN USERS
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescribes clans le règlement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le Ministère des Communications du Canada.
IMPORTANT NOTICE
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
Epson America makes no representations or warranties, either express or implied, by or
with respect to anything in this manual, and shall not be liable for any implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose or for any indirect, special, or
consenquential damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or
consequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you.
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Epson
America, Inc. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of information
contained herein. Nor is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the
information contained herein Further, this publication and features described herein are
subject to change without notice.
TRADEMARKS
Epson is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation
ActionNote is a trademark of Epson America, Inc.
General notice Other product names used herein are for identification purposes only and
may be trademarks of their respective companies.
Copyright © 1993 by Epson America, Inc.
Torrance, California
ii
400210900
Important Safety Instructions
1.
Read all of these instructions and save them for later reference.
2.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the computer.
3.
Unplug the computer from the wall outlet before cleaning. Use a
damp cloth for cleaning; do not use liquid or aerosol cleaners.
4.
Do not spill liquid of any kind on the computer.
5.
Do not place the computer on an unstable cart, stand, or table.
6.
Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are
provided for ventilation; do not block or cover these openings.
Do not place the computer near or over a radiator or heat
register.
7.
Operate the computer using the type of power source indicated
on its label.
8.
If you plan to operate the computer in Germany, observe the
following safety precaution:
To provide adequate short-circuit protection and over-current
protection for this computer, the building installation must be
protected by a 16 Amp circuit breaker.
Beim Anschluß des Computers an die Netzversorgung muß
sichergestellt werden, daß die Gebäudeinstallation mit einem
16 A Übestromschutzschalter abgesichert ist.
9.
Connect all equipment to properly grounded (earthed) power
outlets. If you are unable to insert the plug into an outlet,
contact your electrician to replace your outlet. Avoid using
outlets on the same circuit as photocopiers or air control
systems that regularly switch on and off.
iii
10. Do not allow the computer’s power cord to become damaged or
frayed.
11. If you use an extension cord with the computer, make sure the
total of the ampere ratings of the devices plugged into the
extension cord does not exceed the ampere rating for the
extension cord. Also, make sure the total of all products
plugged into the wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
12. Do not insert objects of any kind into this product through the
cabinet slots.
13. Except as specifically explained in this User’s Guide, do not
attempt to service the computer yourself. Refer all servicing to
qualified service personnel.
14. Unplug the computer from the wall outlet and refer servicing to
qualified service personnel under the following conditions:
A. When the power cord or plug is damaged.
B.
If liquid has entered the computer.
C. If the computer does not operate normally when the
operating instructions are followed. Adjust only those
controls that are covered by the operating instructions.
Improper adjustment of other controls may result in
damage and often requires extensive work by a qualified
technician to restore the computer to normal operation.
D. If the computer has been dropped or the cabinet has been
damaged.
E. If the computer exhibits a distinct change in performance.
iv
Instructions Importances de Sécurité
1.
Lire complèment les instructions qui suivant et les conserver
pour références futures.
2.
Bien suivre tous les avertissements et les instructions indiqués sur
l'ordinateur.
3.
Débrancher l’ordinateur de toute sortie murale avant le nettoyage.
Utiliser un chiffon humide; ne jamais utiliser un nettoyeur
liquide ou une bonbonne aérosol.
4.
Ne jamais renverser un liquide d’aucune sorte sur l’ordinateur.
5.
Ne pas placer l’ordinateur sur un chariot, un support, ou une table
instable.
6.
Les évents clans le meubles, à l’arrière et en dessous sent conçus
pour l’aération; on ne doit jamais les bloquer. Ne pas placer
l'ordinateur près d’une source de chaleur directe.
7.
Le fonctiomement de l’ordinateur doit s’effectuer conformément
au type de source d’alimentation indiquée sur l’étiquette.
8.
Lorsqu’on désire utiliser l’ordinateur en Allemagne, on doit
observer les normes sécuritaires qui suivent:
Afin d’assurer une protection adéquate à l’ordinateur contre les
court-circuits et le survoltage, l’installation de l’édifice doit
comprendre un disjoncteur de 16 amp.
9.
On doit brancher tout l’équipement clans une sortie reliée à la
masse. Lorsqu’il est impossible d’insér la fiche clans la prise, on
doit retenir les services d’un électricien ou remplacer la prise. Ne
jamais utiliser une prise sur le retie circuit qu’un appareil à
photocopied ou un système de contrôle d’aération avec
commutation marche-arrêt.
v
10. S’assurer que le cordon d’alimentation de l’ordimteur n’est pas
effrité.
11. Dans le cas où on utilise un cordon de rallonge avec l’ordinateur,
on doit s’assurer que la valeur totale d’ampères branchés dans le
cordon n’excède en aucun temps les ampères du cordon de
rallonge. La quantité totale des appareils branchés clans la prise
murale ne doit jamais excéder 15 ampères.
12. Ne jamais insérer un objet de quelque sorte que ce soit clans les
cavités de cet appareil.
13. Sauf tel que spécifié dans la notice d’utilisation, on ne doit jamais
tenter d’effectuer une réparation de l’ordinateur. On doit référer
le service de cet appareil à un technician qualifié
14. Débrancher l’ordinateur de la prise murale et confier le service au
personnel de service qualifié selon les conditions qui suiventi
A. Lorsque Ie cordon d’ alimentation ou la prise sent
endommagés.
B. Lorsqu’un liquide s’est infiltré dans l’ordinateur.
C. Lorsque l’ordinateur refuse de fonctiomer normalement
même en suivant les instructions. N’ajuster que les
commandes qui sent éunmérées clans les instructions de
fonctionnement. Tout ajustement inadéquat de tout autre
contrôle peut provoquer un dommage et souvent nécessiter
des reparations daborées par un technician qualifié afin de
remetlre l’appareil en service.
D. Lorsqu’on a échappé l’ordinateur ou que l’on a endommagé Ie
boîtier.
E. Lorsque l’ordinateur démontre un changement noté au niveau
de sa performance.
vi
Contents
INTRODUCTION
Standard Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Optional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Where to Get Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
How to Use This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Conventions Used in This Manual . . .. . . . . . . 6
CHAPTER 1 SETTING UP THE COMPUTER
Unpacking the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identifying the System Parts.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Panel and Left Side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the AC Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Opening the Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning On the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-6
1-8
1-10
1-11
CHAPTER 2 USING YOUR COMPUTER
Taking Care of the Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Copying the Reference Diskette Utilities . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Password Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typing the Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using F11 and F12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Embedded Numeric Keypad . . . .
Stopping a Command or Program . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-3
2-4
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. . . 2-5
. . . 2-7
. . . 2-8
. . . 2-9
. . . 2-9
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vii
Resetting the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Turning Off the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Changing the CPU Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Using the LCD Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Using Diskettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Inserting and Removing Diskettes. . . . . . . . . 2-13
Write protecting Diskettes. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Making Backup Copies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Using a Single Diskette Drive System. . . . . . . 2-15
Using a Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Backing Up the Hard Disk. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Saving Battery Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Using Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
CHAPTER 3 POWERING THE COMPUTER
Using the AC Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Using the Battery Pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Replacing the Battery Pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Recharging the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Low Battery Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Using the Suspend/ResumeSwitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Using Setup to Conserve Battery Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
CHAPTER 4 CONNECTING OPTIONAL DEVICES
Connecting an External Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Parallel Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Serial Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Serial Port Settings . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the EXT KB Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Trackball . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting Any Other Pointing Device . . . . . . .
Connecting an External Keyboard. . . . . . . . . . .
viii
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4-2
4-4
4-5
4-7
4-7
4-8
4-9
4-9
Connecting the Internal Fax/Modem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Adding Memory Modules or a Numeric Coprocessor . . . . . 4-11
Removing the Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...4-11
Installing a Memory Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Installing a Numeric Coprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Replacing the Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...4-18
CHAPTER 5 RUNNING SETUP
Starting the Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...5-2
Changing the settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...5-3
Automatically Configuring Your System . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Saving Your Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...5-4
Changing the Standard CMOS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Changing the Advanced CMOS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Changing the Advanced Chipset Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Changing the Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...5-12
Hard Disk Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5-13
Hard Disk Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...5-14
Auto Interleave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...5-15
Media Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...5-15
CHAPTER 6 RUNNING SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS
Starting the Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resuming From an Error . . . . . . . . .
System Diagnostic Tests . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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ix
CHAPTER 7 USING THE VGA UTILITIES
Lotus 1-2-3, Version 2.x . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Windows, Version 3.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WordPerfect, Version 5.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the VGACONF Utility Program . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using VGACONF From the Command Line. . . . . . .
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7-3
7-4
7-5
7-6
7-9
APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING
Identifying Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Computer Won’t Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Adapter Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The LCD Screen Is Blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The External Monitor Screen is Blank . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Computer Locks Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Drive Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Module Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Numeric Coprocessor Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CMOS Battery Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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A-2
A-3
A-3
A-4
A-5
A-6
A-6
A-7
A-8
A-9
A-10
A-10
A-11
A-12
A-13
A-13
A-14
APPENDIX B FAX/MODEMCOMMAND SET
When to Issue Commands . . . .
AT Command Summary . . . . .
Dial Modifiers . . . . . . . .
MNP Command Summary . . .
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B-1
B-2
B-4
B-5
AT Register Summary. . . .
Option Registers . . .
MNP Register Summary. .
Result Code Summary . . .
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B-8
B-9
B-12
B-13
Appendix C Specifications
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Main Unit . . . . . . .
Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-2
Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
Mass Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
LCD Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
Physical Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-4
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-4
Power Source Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-5
Glossary
Index
xi
Introduction
With your purchase of the Epson® ActionNote™ computer,
you have chosen state-of-the-art notebook computing. The
486SLC microprocessor chip, designed for portable computers,
provides high-speed performance in a compact, lightweight,
notebook-size form.
Standard Configuration
The Action Note is a versatile computer supporting a wide
range of applications and hardware. Its standard features
include the following:
2MB, 4MB, or 8MB of RAM (random access memory),
expandable to a maximum of 8MB
640 x 480 dpi (dots per inch) VGA (video graphics array),
backlit, monochrome LCD (liquid crystal display) screen,
which emulates VGA color with 32 shades of gray
Internal hard disk drive
One 3½-inch, 1.44MB diskette drive
Parallel port for a parallel printer
Two serial ports for serial devices
RJ-11 standard phone jack for an internal modem
Video port for an external color or monochrome VGA
monitor
Port for a PS/2®-compatible pointing device
Introduction 1
Mouse/keyboard adapter for simultaneously attaching an
external PS/2-type keyboard and a pointing device
Rechargeable battery pack
AC adapter for powering the computer and recharging the
battery pack
Socket for an optional Cyrix® Cx387SLC or Intel® 387SX
numeric coprocessor
Two processing speeds: Turbo (25 or 33 MHz) and Normal
(8 MHz)
Suspend mode to save battery power
Carrying case with room for the computer, AC adapter,
power cable, diskettes, and manuals.
Depending on the configuration you purchased, your computer
may also include the following:
Internal 9600/2400 fax/modem
Logitech™ Trackman® trackball or other pointing device
MS-DOS® operating system including diskettes and
manuals
Microsoft® Windows ® including diskettes and manuals
Data communications and/or fax transmission software.
2 Introduction
Optional Equipment
You can easily upgrade your computer by installing additional
memory and adding optional devices, including:
Expansion memory module (2MB or 6MB)
Cyrix Cx387SLC or Intel 387SX numeric coprocessor chip
External PS/2-compatible keyboard
Extra battery packs
Adapter for an automobile cigarette lighter
Third-party external diskette drive.
Where to Get Help
If you purchased your computer in the United States,
Epson America provides local customer support and service
through a nationwide network of Authorized Epson Service
Centers. Epson also provides support services through the
Epson Connection at: 1-800-922-8911.
Call the Epson Connection for the following:
Technical assistance with the installation, configuration,
and operation of Epson products
Sales of accessories, manuals, or parts for your Epson
products
Assistance in On-Site Warranty Service for your Epson
products
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized Epson
Reseller or Service Center
Introduction 3
Customer relations
Epson technical information library fax service-also
available directly by calling (310) 782-4214
Product literature with technical specifications on current
and new products.
When you call for technical assistance, you need to be able to
identify your system and its configuration, and provide any
error messages to the support staff. See Appendix A for more
information.
If you purchased your computer in the United States, Epson
also provides On-Site Warranty Service. Your ActionNote
package should contain a packet describing the program. If
a packet is not included, call the Epson Connection for
information. For your convenience there is a sticker located on
the bottom of your computer with the number to call for
product support and On-Site Warranty Service.
If you purchased your computer outside the United States,
please contact your Epson dealer or the marketing location
nearest you for customer support and service. International
marketing locations are listed on the inside back cover of this
manual.
If you need help with any software application program you
are using, see the documentation that came with the program
for technical support information.
4 Introduction
How to Use this Manual
This manual explains how to setup and operate your
computer, install options, and run diagnostic tests.
You do not need to read everything in this book to use your
computer; see the following chapter summaries to find the
sections you need:
Chapter 1 provides steps for setting up your computer.
Chapter 2 covers basic information about using the computer.
Chapter 3 explains how to power your computer using the AC
adapter and the battery. It also describes ways to conserve
battery power.
Chapter 4 describes how to connect optional devices.
Chapter 5 describes how to run the Setup program; this is
necessary if you want to set a password or you change the
configuration of your computer.
Chapter 6 gives instructions for running the System
Diagnostics program to test system devices.
Chapter 7 describes the VGA utilities provided with your
system.
Appendix A provides troubleshooting tips.
Appendix B summarizes the internal modem commands.
Appendix C contains the specifications for your ActionNote
computer.
At the end of the manual, you’ll find a Glossary and an Index.
Introduction 5
Conventions Used in This Manual
This manual uses the following type conventions to represent
commands:
Example
Meaning
Keys you press on the keyboard
Keys you press at the same time; hold
down the key marked
and then
press the letter
, or hold down the key
marked
and then press the
key
C: \ DOS
Text as it appears on the screen
DISKCOPY A: B:
Text that you type exactly as shown
path \ filename
Words printed in lowercase Italics
represent optional parameter names;
here you would type the actual path and
filename, such as \ WORK\ CONTACT
COM 1
6 Introduction
Name of hardware elements
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Computer
This chapter describes how to complete the basic setup of your
ActionNote computer. It covers:
Unpacking the computer
Identifying the system parts
Connecting the AC adapter
Opening the screen
Turning on the computer.
Instructions for installing optional equipment (such as a
memory module or a numeric coprocessor) or connecting
external equipment (such as a trackball, monitor, or printer)
are provided in Chapter 4.
Setting Up the Computer 1-1
Unpacking the Computer
Your computer package contains the following:
The Epson ActionNote computer
A rechargeable battery pack (installed in the computer)
An AC adapter and power cord
A mouse/keyboard adapter for connecting an external
keyboard and a pointing device at the same time
This manual, a Quick Reference guide, and the Reference
diskette
A lightweight carrying case.
Depending on the configuration you purchased, your computer
package may also include the following:
MS-DOS diskettes and manuals
Windows diskettes and manuals
Logitech Trackman trackball, diskette, and manual.
If your configuration includes the internal fax/modem, your
package may include:
Data communications program diskette and manual
Fax transmission program diskette and manual
Telephone cable for the internal fax/modem.
Keep the packing materials and use them if you need to ship
your computer later.
1-2 Setting Up the Computer
Identifying the System Parts
Before getting started, refer to the illustrations below to identify
the different parts of your computer.
Front View
The main components on the front and right side of the
ActionNote are shown below.
Setting Up the Computer 1-3
LCD screen
Your ActionNote has a backlit, monochrome LCD that supports
VGA resolutions up to 640 x 480 dpi x 32 shades of gray.
Suspend/resume switch
Slide this switch to the right to suspend power to the computer
when it is on. This places the computer in a very low power
consumption state. Slide the switch to the left to return the
computer to its previous state.
Brightness switch
This switch controls the brightness of the LCD screen. Slide
the switch to the right to lighten the screen and to the left to
darken it.
Contrast switch
This switch controls the contrast on the LCD screen. Slide
the switch to the right to lighten the screen and to the left to
darken it.
Keyboard area
This is where you type commands and enter data. For a full
description, see Chapter 2.
Release latches
Slide these latches outward to release the top cover and open
the LCD screen.
1-4 Setting Up the Computer
LEDs
The LEDs (light emitting diodes) on your computer provide
information about its operation.
Power-Indicates the power is on; either the AC
adapter or the battery pack is supplying power to the
computer.
Low battery-Indicates the battery capacity is less than
20%
Charging-Indicates the battery is fully charged; blinks
when the AC adapter is connected and charging the
battery.
Suspend mod-Indicates the computer is in Suspend
mode.
Hard disk drive-Indicates the computer is accessing
the hard disk drive.
Num Lock-Indicates that Num Lock is set on the
keyboard. This activates the embedded numeric keypad
on the keyboard.
Caps Lock-Indicates that Caps Lock is set on the
keyboard.
Scroll Lock—Indicates that Scroll Lock is set on the
keyboard.
Setting Up the Computer 1-5
Power button
This button turns the computer on and off.
DC input port
Connect the AC adapter cable here. See page 1-8 for
instructions.
Release button
Press this button to eject a diskette from the drive.
Diskette drive
Your computer comes with a 3 ½-inch, 1.44MB diskette drive.
For instructions on using diskettes, see Chapter 2.
Drive light
This light is on when the computer is accessing the diskette
drive.
Rear Panel and Left Side
The components on the rear panel and left side of the computer
are shown below.
1-6 Setting Up the Computer
Battery compartment cover
Turn the computer upside down and open this cover to access
the battery pack. The rechargeable NiCad battery pack powers
your computer when the AC adapter is not connected. For a
full description, see Chapter 3.
External VGA port (VIDEO)
You can connect a VGA monochrome or color monitor to this
port. The ActionNote displays information on both the LCD
screen and an external monitor at the same time.
Parallel port (PRINTER)
You can connect a parallel device, such as a printer, to this port.
See Chapter 4 for instructions.
Serial port (COM 1)
This port supports a serial (RS-232C) device. See Chapter 4 for
more information.
Serial port (COM 2)
This port supports a serial (RS-232C) device. See Chapter 4 for
more information. Note that when the internal fax/modem is
installed, this port is disabled.
Phone jack (LINE)
Use this standard RJ-11 jack to connect a phone line when the
internal fax/modem is installed.
Setting Up the Computer 1-7
External keyboard port (EXT KB)
Use this port to connect any PS/2-compatible pointing device.
This port also supports a mouse/keyboard adapter for
attaching both an external PS/2-type keyboard and a pointing
device at the same time. See Chapter 4 for instructions on
installing optional devices.
Connecting the AC Adapter
The AC adapter is designed to be used in most countries, as it
can operate in the ranges 100/240 VAC, 50/60 Hz.
Caution
Use only the AC adapter (model number AP-3S25) supplied
with the computer.
If you are using the adapter in a country other than the one
where you purchased your ActionNote, make sure you have
the correct power cable for the electrical socket. See the power
cable specifications in Appendix C for details.
You may need to connect the AC adapter to charge the battery
before you use it for the first time. (See Chapter 3 for complete
instructions on powering the computer with the AC adapter
and/or the battery.)
1-8 Setting Up the Computer
Follow these steps to connect the adapter to the computer:
1.
Connect the AC adapter plug to the DC input port on the
right side of the computer.
2.
Connect the power cable to the AC adapter.
3.
Connect the other end of the power cable to a grounded
(earthed) electrical outlet.
Setting Up the Computer 1-9
Opening the Screen
Follow these steps to open the LCD screen:
1.
Place the computer on a level surface.
2.
Turn the computer so its front is facing you.
3.
Slide the release latches on the front sides of the computer
toward the sides and lift up the screen.
1-10 Setting Up the Computer
Turning On the Computer
When you first use the ActionNote, the battery may not be
charged; so make sure the AC adapter is connected when you
turn it on for the first time.
Before you turn on the computer, first connect and turn on any
external devices you will be using-such as a printer, monitor,
or pointing device. (See Chapter 4 for information about
installing optional devices.) Then press the power button on the
top of the computer to turn it on.
The computer displays copyright information and then
performs a series of power-on diagnostics that check the circuit
boards, memory, ports, keyboard, and disk drives. The
computer displays several messages during the diagnostics,
including this prompt:
Hit <DEL>, If you want to run SETUP
Setting Up the Computer 1-11
If the tests indicate a problem with the system, you will see an
error message followed by this prompt:
RUN SETUP UTILITY
Press <F1> to RESUME
If this happens, press
to run the Setup program and
check your system configuration. See Chapter 5 for a complete
description of the Setup program.
When the computer completes its testing, it displays a screen
describing the system’s configuration
If necessary, press the
button on the keyboard to view
the configuration screen. After viewing the screen, press any
key to continue the startup process.
Because your computer was set up at the factory, the
configuration information should be accurate. If you have
changed the computer’s setup so that this information does not
match your configuration, run the Setup program described in
Chapter 5 to correct it.
Depending on your configuration, your computer may come
with MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows installed on the hard
disk. However, you can use another operating system, such as
OS/2, ® UNIX, ® or XENIX.® Although this manual includes
sample MS-DOS commands, it does not explain how to use the
operating system; see your MS-DOS or other operating system
manuals for complete instructions.
1-12 Setting Up the Computer
If MS-DOS was loaded on your computer at the factory, the
computer starts up in MS-DOS as soon as it completes the
power-on diagnostics. The messages you see as the computer
loads MS-DOS depend on how your computer has been setup.
If you plan to use another operating system, you need to install
it now. See the documentation that came with your operating
system for installation instructions.
The procedures described in this manual assume you are using
MS-DOS. If you are using another operating system, see your
documentation for instructions on how to perform the various
procedures.
Setting Up the Computer 1-13
Chapter 2
Using Your Computer
This chapter describes how to use your ActionNote computer
on a daily basis. It provides information on the following
procedures:
Taking care of the computer
Copying utilities from the Reference diskette
Using the password function
Using the keyboard
Stopping a command or program
Resetting the computer
Turning off the computer
Changing the CPU speed
Using the LCD screen
Using diskettes
Using the hard disk
Using memory.
Using Your Computer 2-1
Taking Care of the Computer
Before you begin using your computer, read the following
guidelines to ensure proper maintenance of the ActionNote:
Keep the computer and AC adapter dry, and do not subject
them to extreme heat or cold.
Do not place external devices on top of the computer, even
if it is closed, to prevent damage to the LCD display.
When you are not using the external device connectors,
keep the covers closd to prevent damage to the ports.
Always operate the computer with the battery pack
installed to maintain a full battery charge.
Occasionally clean the exterior of the computer with a soft,
damp cloth.
Occasionally clean the LCD display using glass cleaner on a
soft cloth; do not apply the cleaner directly to the screen.
2-2
Using Your Computer
Copying the Reference Diskette Utilities
Your Reference diskette contains the system diagnostics
programs, as well as VGA drivers and a VGA utility program.
These programs are organized in the following directories on
the diskette
Directory
Includes
\ DIAG
System diagnostics program, which is initiated by the DIAG
batch flie (DIAG.BAl); see Chapter 6 for details
\UTILS
VGA utiIity programs; see Chapter 7 for details
\ LOTUS
Lotus ® 1-2-3 ® VGA drivers; see Chapter 7 for details
\WIN3
\WP
Microsoft Windows VGA drivers; see Chapter 7 for details
WordPerfect®VGAdrivers; see Chapter 7 for details
You may want to copy the VGA utility program in the \UTILS
directory to your hard disk. If so, you may want to create a
directory called \UTILS on the hard disk. You can easily copy
the files using the MS-DOS COPY command. See your MS-DOS
documentation for details on creating directories and copying
files.
You don’t need to copy the diagnostics programs or the VGA
drivers to your hard disk. You always run the diagnostics
programs from the diskette as described in Chapter 6, and
you can easily install the VGA drivers from the diskette as
described in Chapter 7.
Using Your Computer 2-3
Using the Password Function
The ActionNote provides password security for the entire
system or only the Setup program. This allows you to
safeguard all your data or only your Set-up configuration. The
password function is optional and you do not have to set a
password if you don’t want to use one.
You use the Setup program to first enable or disable a
password and then define it. (See Chapter 5 for instructions.)
If you enable the power-on password, you must enter it each
time you turn on or reset your computer. (Resetting the
computer is described later in this chapter.) The computer
prompts you for the password after it completes its power-on
diagnostics.
If you enable the Setup password, you must enter it before you
can use the Setup program. The computer prompts you for the
password after you press
to start Setup.
Typing the Password
You see this prompt when the password feature is activated:
Enter CURRENT p a s s w o r d :
Type the correct password and press
To protect your
password, the screen does not display the characters you type.
If you do not type the correct password, the screen displays an
repeats the password prompt. Try typing the password
again.
X and
The computer allows you three tries to enter it correctly. After
the third incorrect attempt, the system displays a blinking face
icon and locks up. You must reset the system to try again.
2-4 Using Your Computer
Note
If you want to change your current password or disable the
password function, you need to use the Setup program. See
Chapter 5 for instructions. If you forget your password, call
the Epson Connection at 1-800-922-8911 for assistance.
Using the Keyboard
Although the keyboard on the ActionNote has only 84 keys
(85 on the international version), it still provides all the
functions of a fall-size (102-key) keyboard. For example, a
full-size keyboard has a separate numeric keypad you can use
for both numeric entry and cursor control. The ActionNote has
an embedded numeric keypad that you access using the
and
keys in the same way you use the
key to enter
uppercase characters. (Using the embedded numeric keypad is
described later in this section.)
Note
The keyboard on the ActionNote is available with different
layouts for different languages. Special keytop sets are
available in some countries. Additionally, you can use
MS-DOS to reassign the layout of your keyboard to
duplicate that of another country. See your MS-DOS manual
for more information.
Using Your Computer 2-5
The following illustration shows the 84-key, US keyboard
layout.
This section describes how to use the following features on
your keyboard:
Special keys
The
and
keys
The embedded numeric keypad.
2-6 Using Your Computer
Special Keys
Certain keys on your keyboard serve special functions when
your computer is running MS-DOS or application programs.
The special keys are described in the following table.
Key
Purpose
Moves the cursor one tab to the right in normal
mode and one tab to the Ieft In Shift mode.
Changes the letter keys from lower- to uppercase;
changes back to lowercase when pressed again.
The number/symbol keys on the top row of the
keyboard and the symbol keys in the main part of
the keyboard are not affected.
Produces uppercase characters or the top symbols
on the keys when used with the main character keys.
Produces lowercase characters when the Caps Lock
function is on. Note: Use this key to reactivate the
system when it is in Suspend mode.
Controls functions on the embedded numeric
keypad as well as other special functions.
Works with other keys to perform special (control)
functions,
Works with other keys to enter alternate character
codes or functions,
Moves the cursor back one space.
Ends a line of keyboard input or executes a
command,
Control cursor location.
Cancels the current command line or operation.
Using Your Computer 2-7
Purpose
Perform special functions wtthin application
programs,
Turns on the numeric keypad; changes back when
pressed again.
Prints the screen display on a printer,
Works as defined by an application,
Controls scroiling in some applications.
Suspends the current operation.
Terminates the current operation (when used with
Turns the insert function on and off,
Deletes the character marked by the cursor.
The
keys work as toggles; press
them once to turn on the function and again to turn it off. When
the function is on, the corresponding LED above the keyboard
is lit.
Using F11 and F12
The
keys perform special functions within
application programs. You activate these keys by using
2-8 Using Your Computer
Using the Embedded Numeric Keypad
The embedded numeric keypad allows you to enter numeric
characters from the keyboard when the Num Lock function is
on. The numeric keypad is shown below:
Press
to turn Num Lock (and its LED) on and off. Then
press the key to enter the numeric character printed on the
front of the key. You can press
plus the to to enter the
alphabetic character on the key; press
plus the
key to enter the alphabetic character in uppercase.
When Num Lock is off, you can generate the numeric character
by pressing
plus the key.
Stopping a Command or Program
You may sometimes need to stop a command or program while
it is running. Many programs provide a command you can use
to cancel or even undo an operation. If you have entered an
MS-DOS command that you want to stop, try one of the
following commands:
Hold down
and press
Hold down
and press
Using Your Computer 2-9
These methods may also work in your application program. If
not, you may need to reset the computer, as described below.
caution
It is best not to turn off the computer to stop a program or
command. If you have created new data and have not yet
stored it, it will be erased if you turnoff the computer.
Resetting the Computer
If necessary, you can clear the computer’s current settings or its
memory without turning it off; you do this by resetting it. For
example, if an error occurs and the computer does not respond
to your keyboard entries, you can reset it to reload the
operating system and try again.
Caution
Resetting the computer erases any data in memory you have
not saved, so do not use the reset function unless necessary.
Also, some programs classify and store new data when you
exit them properly; so do not reset the computer before you
exit a program, if possible.
To reset the computer, the operating system must be either on
the hard disk or on a diskette in drive A. If you are using
MS-DOS, hold down
screen goes blank for a moment and then the computer reloads
MS-DOS.
If resetting the computer does not correct the problem, you
probably need to turn it off and back on again.
2-10 Using Your Computer
Turning Off the Computer
Before turning off the computer, save your data and leave the
application program you are using. Make sure the hard disk
drive and the diskette drive lights are off, then turn off the
computer by pressing the power button on top of the computer.
Caution
Always make sure the computer is off when you connect or
disconnect equipment, such as a printer or the trackball.
Changing the CPU Speed
Your computer’s processor can operate at two speeds: Turbo
(25 or 33 MHz) or Normal (8 MHz). At the higher speed, the
computer performs all tasks faster. You may need to select the
slower speed, however, to run some copy-protected programs
or a program that has a specific timing requirement.
Whenever you turn on or reset the computer, it starts up in
Turbo speed. To change the speed, you must turn on the
Num Lock feature.
If necessary, press
to turn Num Lock (and its LED) on.
Then, to change to Normal speed, press
To change back to Turbo speed, make sure Num Lock is on,
and press
Note
You must press
keypad only.
on the embedded numeric
Using Your Computer 2-11
Using the LCD Screen
The screen on your ActionNote is a backlit monochrome LCD,
You can adjust the brightness and contrast with the two
controls on the top left side of the computer. Adjust the
switches to produce the best display for your viewing angle.
Slide the brightness switch to the right to lighten the brightness,
and to the left to darken the brightness. Slide the contrast
switch to the right to lighten the contrast, and to the left to
darken the contrast.
Using Diskettes
Be sure to purchase high-quality diskettes to ensure reliability.
For the 3½-inch, 1.44MB diskette drive in your ActionNote,
you can use either of the following types of diskettes:
720KB, double-sided, double-density (usually labelled 2DD)
1.44MB, double-sided, high-density (labelled 2HD).
2-12 Using Your Computer
Inserting and Removing Diskettes
To insert a diskette, hold it with the label facing up and the
metal shutter leading into the drive. Slide it into the drive until
it clicks into place.
When you want to remove the diskette, make sure the drive
light is off, then press the release button. When the diskette
pops out, remove it and store it properly.
Caution
Never remove a diskette or reset or turn off the computer
while the drive light is on. You could lose data. Also, be sure
to remove all diskettes before you turnoff the computer.
Using Your Computer 2-13
Write-protecting Diskettes
You can write-protect a diskette to prevent its data from being
altered. When a diskette is write-protected, you can read it and
copy data from it, but you cannot store new data on it or delete
any files it contains. If you try to change data stored on a
write-protected diskette, you see an error message.
To write-protect a 3½-inch diskette, turn the diskette over so
you are looking at the underside. Slide the switch in the lower
left corner toward the edge of the diskette until it clicks into
position, exposing a hole.
To remove the write protection, slide the switch toward the
center of the diskette until the hole is covered.
2-14 Using Your Computer
Making Backup Copies
It is important to make copies of all your data and system
diskettes. Make backup (working) copies of all diskettes that
contain programs, such as your MS-DOS and Reference
diskettes; then use only the copies. Store the original diskettes
away from your working diskettes. Also, copy your data
diskettes as necessary to keep your files up-to-date.
If you have a hard disk, you’ll probably use it to store the
programs and data files you use regularly. Keep backup copies
of all your files on diskettes.
You can copy your data in several ways. See your MS-DOS or
other operating system manual for instructions.
Using a Single Diskette Drive System
MS-DOS expects a computer to have at least two diskette drives
(A and B), and displays prompts and messages accordingly.
Your ActionNote has one 3½ -inch diskette drive; this is
drive A. MS-DOS uses the one drive as two by displaying
alternate prompts for the source and target diskettes.
For example, if you need to make a copy of a diskette, you can
insert the diskette in drive A and enter the following command:
DISKCOPY A: B:
MS-DOS copies the data from drive A (the source diskette) to
its memory and then prompts you to insert the diskette for
drive B. At this point, you remove the original diskette, insert a
blank diskette (the target diskette), and press any key to
continue. Then the operating system copies the data from its
memory to the second diskette.
Using Your Computer 2-15
When you swap diskettes this way, it is a good idea to
write-protect the original diskette so you don’t accidentally
write over it. (See “Write-protecting Diskettes” earlier in this
chapter for more information.)
Using a Hard Disk
The hard disk installed in the ActionNote has been prepared
for use at the factory. It also may have MS-DOS and Windows
installed. If you plan to use MS-DOS or Windows, you can
install your application programs and begin work. See the
documentation that came with your programs for instructions.
Follow these precautions to protect your hard disk from
damage and to avoid losing data:
Never turn off or reset the computer when the hard disk
drive light is on. This light indicates that the computer is
copying data to or from the hard disk.
After turning the power off, wait 20 seconds before moving
the computer. This allows the disks in the drive to stop
spinning and the hard disk read/write heads to lock in
place so you do not damage the drive.
Backing Up the Hard Disk
Although the hard disk is very reliable, be sure to backup your
files onto diskettes in case you lose some data accidentally.
Make copies of all your system and application program
diskettes before copying the programs to the hard disk. See
your operating system manual for instructions.
2-16 Using Your Computer
Saving Battery Power
If you are using the hard disk while the computer is running on
the battery, remember that it uses more battery power. You can
reduce the power consumption, however, with the following
conservation measures:
Define a timeout period for the hard disk through the Setup
program. See Chapter 5 for instructions.
Use the suspend/resume switch to place the computer
in Suspend mode when you are not using your computer
but you want to leave it turned on. See "Using the
Suspend/Resume Switch” in Chapter 3.
Note
To reactivate the system from Suspend mode, press the
key.
Using Memory
Your computer comes with 2MB, 4MB, or 8MB of memory, and
you may have installed an optional expansion memory module
to increase the total amount. This section describes how the
memory in your computer works. Also be sure to see your
MS-DOS manual for complete information on memory
management.
A computer’s memory is divided into three types:
conventional, reserved, and extended. The following diagram
shows the relationships between these types of memory and
their addresses.
Using Your Computer 2-17
All memory in a computer is managed using addressesnumbers that describe the location of each byte of data. Each
memory chip must have its own set of unique addresses so that
the operating system knows where to store and find data.
Conventional memory is memory that MS-DOS recognizes and
manages directly. The size of conventional memory is limited
to 640KB and has addresses in the range 0 to 640KB.
Reserved memory is memory in the range 640KB to lMB. The
system enhances its performance by using 128KB of this
memory as shadow RAM, and the remaining memory is
available.
Extended memory is memory with addresses in the range 1MB to
8MB, and is used only by the following:
Certain operating systems, such as OS/2
Some MS-DOS interfaces, such as Windows
Some RAM disk programs, such as VDISK
Some hard disk caching programs, such as SMARTDRV
Certain specially-written MS-DOS applications.
2-18 Using Your Computer
Use of extendd memory requires a memory manager. Most
versions of MS-DOS include a standard extended memory
manager. If you are using MS-DOS, Windows, and other
compatible programs, it is best to use one of the memory
managers (such as HIMEM.SYS) that came with your software
because these memory managers have been tested and proven
reliable.
Most MS-DOS commands and application programs cannot use
extended memory directly. They need to use expanded memory,
which uses a portion of reserved memory as a window to
access RAM beyond lMB. This type of memory allows some
MS-DOS applications to get around the 640KB size limitation.
You control expanded memory with a memory manager (such
as EMM386.EXE), which enables the computer to use extended
memory as expanded memory.
Using Your Computer 2-19
Chapter 3
Powering the Computer
You can operate your ActionNote using the AC adapter or the
removable battery pack. This chapter describes how to use
these power sources, and how to best conserve energy when
using the battery pack.
Using the AC Adapter
To conserve the battery, use the AC adapter whenever you
have access to an electrical outlet. When the computer runs on
the AC adapter, it draws power from the adapter instead of
using the battery. Whenever the AC adapter is connected, it
recharges the battery pack.
The AC adapter is ideally suited for travel to foreign countries.
It is designed to operate in 100/240 VAC ranges with a
frequency of 50/60 Hz. All you need is an appropriate plug for
the electrical socket; see Appendix C for specifications.
See Chapter 1 for instructions on how to connect the AC
adapter to the computer.
Powering the Computer 3-1
Using the Battery Pack
The removable NiCad battery pack powers the computer when
the AC adapter is not connected. The length of time the battery
can provide power depends on how you use the ActionNote. If
you operate the computer using a bright screen display and
access the hard disk often, you will consume more battery
power and shorten the length of the charge.
To increase the amount of time you can use the computer
without electrical power, you can purchase additional battery
packs. Maintaining a supply of charged battery packs allows
you to replace a low battery and continue your work.
Note
Use only the battery pack designed for use with the
ActionNote (model number 8KR-1700AE).
Replacing the Battery Pack
Follow these steps to install the battery pack:
1. Turn off the computer.
2. If the AC adapter is connected, disconnect it.
3. Turn the computer upside down with the back facing you.
3-2 Powering the Computer
4. Press down on the release buttons on the battery
compartment cover and slide the cover toward you.
5. Pull up on the cloth tab and lift out the low battery.
6. Slide the fully-charged battery pack into the slot. Insert the
right side (with contacts) first, then press on the left side to
secure the battery.
Powering the Cornputer 3-3
7.
Slide the battery cover back into place making sure the tabs
on the cover fit into the slots on the computer’s cover. Press
the cover from the back side until it snaps closed.
Note
When you replace the battery pack, make sure the new
battery is fully charged, otherwise you'll need to
recharge it befpre you can use it.
8.
Turn the computer right side up.
3-4 Powering the Computer
Recharging the Battery
The battery pack that comes with your ActionNote is
rechargeable. You may need to charge the battery pack before
using it for the first time, and you must charge it when it runs
low on power. Your computer warns you when the battery is
low through the low battery light.
To charge the battery pack, leave it in the computer. Connect
the AC adapter to the computer and to an electrical outlet. The
computer charges the battery whenever the AC adapter is
attached.
The charging light blinks while the battery is charging. When
the battery is completely charged, the light stays on.
The computer takes approximately 3½ hours to charge a
completely discharged battery pack. If the battery still has some
charge left when you start charging the time will be less.
If you have additional battery packs, it is a good idea to keep
them fully charged so you can use them to replace the battery
pack in your computer when it runs low. This is especially
useful if you are traveling and will need to run the computer
off the battery; an extra battery pack or two extends the length
of time you can power the computer.
If you use the battery pack frequently, it is a good idea to let it
discharge completely before you recharge it; then recharge it to
its maximum power. This extends the life of the battery.
If you find that over time the battery is losing its charge sooner,
the life of the battery may be reaching its end. You may need to
replace it with a new battery pack.
Powering the Computer 3-5
Note
When your battery can no longer be recharged, please
contact your local government agency responsible for
hazardous waste disposal. NiCad batteries are considered
hazardous waste and should be recycled or disposed of
properly.
Low Battery Indicator
When the battery’s power is getting low, the low battery light
starts flashing orange and the computer starts beeping. At this
point, connect the AC adapter. You need to recharge the battery
(as described above) before you can use it again to power the
computer without the AC adapter.
If your AC adapter is not available, follow these steps:
1. Complete your current activity.
2. Save your data.
3. Exit the program you are using.
4. Turn off the computer.
You have approximately two minutes to save your data. If the
batteries run out suddenly, you will lose any data you have not
saved.
Turn off the computer before replacing the battery pack.
Replacing the battery pack when the computer is turned on
causes the computer to restart, and any data stored in RAM is
lost.
3-6 Powering the Computer
Using the Suspend/Resume Switch
The suspend/resume switch provides an efficient way to save
battery power. This switch is located on the top left side of the
computer.
suspend/resume switch
Slide the suspend/resume switch to the right to temporarily
stop system activity when you do not need to use your
computer for short periods of time. The screen goes dark and
the computer suspends power to its components and devices;
it continues to supply power to the RAM. (If you are not going
to use the computer for a longer time-20 minutes or more, for
example—turn it off.)
To resume activity, slide the switch to the left or press the
key. The computer resumes normal operation at the
point at which you suspended it.
Powering the Computer 3-7
Using Setup to Conserve Battery Power
The Setup program includes power management options that
enable you to conserve battery power. These options allow you
to control various functions of the computer so you don’t waste
power on devices you are not using.
The power mamgement options are available from the
ADVANCED CHIPSET SETUP portion of the Setup program.
You can specify timeout periods for the LCD display, the hard
disk drive, and/or the system. For a complete description of
these options and the Setup program, see Chapter 5.
3-8 Powering the Computer
Chapter 4
Connecting Options/Devices
This chapter describes how to connect the following optional
devices to your ActionNote:
External monitor
Parallel printer
Serial device
Logitech trackball, mouse, or other pointing device, or an
external keyboard
Internal 9600/2400 fax/modem
Expansion memory modules
Numeric coprocessor.
Make sure the computer is turned off before you install or
connect any of these devices. This is a safety precaution and is
also necessary for the computer to recognize that you
connected a new device.
Connecting Optional Devices 4-1
The interfaces for the VIDEO, PRINTER, and COM 1 ports are
located on the back of the computer. The interfaces for the
COM 2, LINE, and EXT KB ports are located on the left side of the
computer. To access any of these ports, open the port cover by
pulling down on the notch at the top.
Connecting an External Monitor
The VIDEO port on your computer allows you to connect an
external color or monochrome VGA monitor. When a monitor
is connected, you can display text and graphics on both the
LCD screen and the monitor.
Follow these steps to connect a monitor:
1. Make sure both the computer and the monitor are turned
off.
4-2 Connecting Optional Devices
2.
Connect the monitor cable to the port labelled VIDEO on the
back of the computer.
3.
If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them by hand
or with a screwdriver.
4.
Connect the other end of the cable to the monitor, if it is not
already attached.
5.
Connect the monitor’s power cable to a grounded (earthed)
electrical socket.
See Chapter 7 for details on using the VGACONF utility, which
allows you to change the display characteristics of your LCD
and/or external monitor.
Connecting Optional Devices 4-3
Connecting a Parallel Printer
You can use the PRINTER port to connect a parallel device, such
as a Centronics®-compatible printer. Before connecting a
printer, check the manual that came with it to see if you need
to change any of its settings.
You can also connect some third-party external diskette drives
to this port. Check with the Epson Connection for product
compatibility requirements. If you do connect an external
diskette drive to this port, be sure to run the Setup program to
identify the drive.
Follow these steps to connect a parallel printer:
1.
Place the printer in a convenient location near your
computer, so that the power and data cables will not
interfere with the paper or paper trays.
2.
Make sure both the computer and printer are turned off.
3.
Connect the printer cable to the PRINTER port.
4-4 Connecting Optional Devices
4. If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them by hand
or with a screwdriver.
5. Connect the other end of the cable to the printer. If the
printer interface has retaining clips, squeeze them gently
until they snap into place.
6. Connect the printer’s power cable to a grounded (earthed)
electrical socket.
If the printer is connected when you turn on the ActionNote,
the computer automatically configures the port as the primary
parallel port.
Connecting a Serial Device
You can use the COM 1 and/or COM 2 port to connect serial
devices, such as a serial printer or plotter. You could also
connect a modem or pointing device, such as a trackball or
mouse.
Note
You cannot use the COM 2 port if the internal fax/modern is
installed.
Follow these steps to connect a serial device:
1. Make sure both computer and the serial device are off.
Connecting Optional Devices 4-5
2. Connect the serial cable to the COM 1 or COM 2 port,
3. If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them by hand
or with a screwdriver.
4. Connect the other end of the cable to the serial device. If the
connector has retaining screws, tighten them.
5. Connect the serial device’s power cable (if it has one) to a
grounded (earthed) electrical socket.
Check the documentation that came with your serial device to
see if any other steps are necessary.
4-6 Connecting (Optional Devices
Checking the Serial Port Settings
The COM 1 and COM 2 ports are capable of sending and receiving
data at a variety of speeds and with many different protocols.
This means you need to configure the port to match the signals
of the serial device. As a general rule, choose the highest speed
(baud rate) and the protocol that provides the best error
detection.
Check the documentation that came with your serial device to
see if you need to adjust any of its settings.
Note
If your application program cannot send printer output
directly to the serial port, you can use the MS-DOS MODE
command to redirect the output. You can even tell the
computer to redirect printer and serial port settings
automatically if you place the appropriate MODE
commands in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. See your MS-DOS
manual for instructions.
Using the EXT KB Port
You can use the EXT KB port to connect the Logitech trackball or
any PS/2-compatible pointing device.
You can also connect the mouse/keyboard adapter to this port.
This adapter has two ports, which allow you to connect both a
pointing device and an external keyboard at the same time. You
can connect a PS/2-compatible keyboard to this adapter; it does
not support AT®-type keyboards.
Connecting Optiona Devices 4-7
Connecting the Trackball
Your computer package may include the Logitech Trackman
trackball. You connect this trackball to the EXT KB port on the
left side of the computer.
You can attach the trackball to the right or left side of your
keyboard or LCD screen. If you attach it to the right side of
your keyboard, make sure there is not a diskette in the diskette
drive. Also, you will not be able to access the diskette drive
while the trackball is attached.
Before you can use an optional device, you must install special
software, called a device driver. The device driver allows the
operating system and your application software to recognize
the device. The device driver for the Logitech trackball has
already been installed on your hard disk so the ActionNote will
recognize the trackball as soon as you turn it on.
For information on using the trackball, or if you would like to
know more about its device driver, see the documentation that
came with it.
4-8 Connecting Optional Devices
To use the trackball, or any other pointing device attached to
the EXT KB port, you must enable the PS/2 Mouse support
option in the ADVANCED CMOS SETUP portion of the
Setup program. This option has been enabled for you, but if
you want more information on the Setup program, see
chapter 5.
Connecting Any Other Pointing Device
You can connect a PS/2-type mouse or other pointing device to
the EXT KB port as shown above. Before you can use the mouse
or other pointing device with your applications, you need to
install the special software driver that came with it. See the
documentation supplied with the device for instructions.
Also, before using a pointing device attached to the EXT KB port,
you must enable the PS/2 Mouse Support option in the
ADVANCED CMOS SETUP portion of the Setup program. See
Chapter 5 for details on using the Setup program.
Connecting an External Keyboard
If you are typing for extended periods of time, you may want
to connect an optional external keyboard. You connect the
keyboard to the mouse/keyboard adapter in the EXT KB port on
the computer.
Connecting the Internal Fax/Modem
If the internal fax/modem is installed in your ActionNote
computer, you can connect it directly to your telephone line
using a standard phone jack. The modem will then be ready
to use.
Connecting Optional Devices 4-9
A telephone cable is included in your computer package. Insert
one end of the modular jack cable into the LINE port on the left
side of the computer and insert the other end into a modular
jack outlet.
Your computer package may have included data
communications and fax transmission software. If so, this
software is already loaded on your hard disk drive. See the
documentation that came with these applications for details
on how to use them.
Appendix B provides a summary of the modem’s internal
command set. You need to use the fax/modem’s built-in set of
commands only if you are not using a telecommunications
software package. Each communications program provides its
own set of commands that you will use to control the modem
instead of the built-in set.
Note
Be sure to read the modem FCC information in Appendix B.
4-10 Connecting Optional Devices
Adding Memory Modules or a Numeric
Coprocessor
The sections below describe how to add memory to your
computer and install a numeric coprocessor. To access the
sockets for these options, you need to remove the keyboard.
Caution
It is best to have your Authorized Epson Servicer install the
memory module or a numeric coprocessor for you because
they can be damaged easily if installed incorrectly. If you
prefer to install them yourself, carefully follow all the
instructions in this section. If you have any questions at all,
please contact your Authorized Epson Servicer or call the
Epson Connection.
Removing the Keyboard
To remove the keyboard, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the computer is turned off.
2. Disconnect all cables from the ports and connectors on both
the sides and back of the computer. (Unplug the AC
adapter from its wall outlet, if necessary.)
3. Turn the computer upside down with the front facing you.
4. Remove the battery pack (as described in Chapter 3).
Connecting Optional Devices 4-11
4-12
5.
Remove the three screws on the front edge of the computer’s
case.
6.
Turn the computer right side up.
7.
Open the top cover.
8.
Carefully detach the keyboard by lifting up on the front and
sides of the keyboard. Then pull it toward you.
Connecting Optional Devices
9. Turn the keyboard upside down by tilting the front of the
keyboard up and back toward the LCD. Carefully set the
keyboard on top of the computer. Be careful not to strain or
twist the keyboard cables.
Installing a Memory Module
Your computer comes with 2MB, 4MB, or 8MB of memory;
2MB are soldered directly onto the system board. You can
increase your memory up to a maximum of 8MB, by adding
either a 2MB or 6MB memory module.
If your computer comes with 4MB of memory, a 2MB memory
module is already installed in the computer (as shown above).
You can increase your memory to 8MB by replacing the 2MB
memory module with a 6MB memory module.
Connecting Optional Devices 4-13
Follow these steps to install a memory module
1. Remove the keyboard as described above.
2. If the 2MB memory module is installed, remove the screw
that attaches the memory module to the system board.
memory module
3. Gently disconnect the memory module from its socket by
sliding the module toward the front of the computer.
4-14 Connecting Optional Devices
4. Lift the memory module out of the computer.
5. Lower the new memory module (2MB or 6MB) straight
down into the computer until its connector aligns with the
socket on the system board. Make sure the hole for the
attachment screw is on your left.
6. Carefully press the module straight into the socket. The
connector and socket are designed so they fit together only
if you have aligned them correctly; so do not force them. If
you have trouble, remove the module and try again.
7. When the connector is firmly attached to the socket, replace
the screw on the left side of the module.
8. Replace the keyboard as described later in this chapter.
Connecting Optional Devices 4-15
After you reassemble your computer, you need to run the
Setup program to make sure it recognizes the new amount.
As soon as you turn on the computer, it will prompt you to run
Setup because of the memory mismatch. See Chapter 5 for
instructions.
If you later remove a memory module, be sure to run the Setup
program again.
Installing a Numeric Coprocessor
Your computer has a socket for a numeric (math) coprocessor.
You can install either a Cyrix Cx387SLC or an Intel 387SX
multifrequency coprocessor. Installing a numeric coprocessor
speeds up your computer’s numeric calculations and graphic
displays when you are using certain application software.
The coprocessor chip can be easily damaged and is expensive to
replace; so if you don’t feel confident about installing it
yourself, ask your Authorized Epson Servicer for assistance.
To install the coprocessor, follow these steps:
1. Remove the keyboard as described on page 4-11.
4-16 Connecting Optional Devices
2. Place the coprocessor onto the socket so that the round
indentation indicating pin 1 is in the upper left corner. Then
push it down.
3. Replace the keyboard as described in the next section.
The computer automatically detects when a coprocessor is
installed. When you turn on the computer, the system
configuration screen shows that a numeric coprocessor is
present.
Caution
If you need to remove the math coprocessor, do not try to do
it yourself. This procedure requires a special extraction tool.
Contact your Authorized Epson Servicer.
Connecting Optional Devices 4-17
Replacing the Keyboard
After installing a memory module or numeric coprocessor, you
must replace the keyboard. Follow these steps:
1. Carefully lift the keyboard off the top of the computer, turn
it right side up, and align it over the front of the computer.
Make sure the keyboard cables are not twisted.
2. Carefully press the keyboard forward until the tabs on the
keyboard fit into the slots on the computer’s cover.
3. Press down on the front of the keyboard until it is securely in
place.
4-18 Connecting Optional Devices
4. Turn the computer upside down with the front facing you
and replace the three screws on the front side of the cover.
5. Turn the computer right side up.
6. Connect any optional devices that you may have installed
previously.
Connecting Optional Devices 4-19
Chapter 5
Running Setup
The Setup program defines your system’s configuration so
the computer uses all of its devices properly. Because your
computer was set up at the factory, the configuration
information is accurate when you first setup the computer. If
you change the computer’s configuration by adding optional
devices, however, you need to run the Setup program to
update the system.
The Setup program is stored in the computer’s ROM BIOS
(read-only memory, basic input/output system), so you can
run the program any time you turn on or reset the computer.
Setup lets you verify or change the following settings:
Standard CMOS settings, such as the current date and time
and drive types
Advanced CMOS settings, such as typematic rates, startup
functions, and password checking
Advanced chipset settings, such as power management
functions.
The configuration you define through the Setup program is
stored in a special area of memory called CMOS RAM. This
memory is backed up by a battery, so it is not erased when
you turn off or reset the computer. Whenever you start the
computer it checks the settings, and if it discovers a difference
between the information in CMOS RAM and your system’s
configuration, it prompts you to run Setup. You see a message
such as the following:
CMOS display type mismatch
RUN SETUP UTILITY
Press <F1> to RESUME
Running Setup 5-1
If this happens, press
to run Setup and correct the setting.
Starting the Setup Program
To start the Setup program, you must turn on or reset the
computer. During the memory test, press
to start the
Setup program.
If you have already enabled the Password function for the
Setup program, you will be prompted to enter it now.
You see the first menu screen:
Press
or
to move from one menu
item to the next. The screen displays a brief description of the
highlighted menu item. When the correct procedure is
highlighted, press
to start the operation.
5-2 Running Setup
When you select one of the SETUP options, you see this screen:
Press any key to continue, or press
program.
to exit the Setup
Changing the Settings
At the bottom of each Setup screen, you see a list of the keys
you can use to select options on that screen. Their functions are
described in the following table. (Each screen lists the keys
available; use only the keys listed for that screen.)
Key(s)
Function
I
Cancels the current screen and returns to the
previous menu
Move between options on the screen
I
I
or
Change the value of an option on the
STANDARD CMOS SETUP screen
Change the value of an option on the
ADVANCED CMOS SETUP or ADVANCED
CHIPSET SETUP screen
Running Setup 5-3
Key(s)
Function
Displays help information about the option
currently selected
Reverses the color of the screen
Automatically changes all settings to their
original values before changes were made
Automatically changes all settings to their BIOS
default values
Save the current values and exit
Automatically Configuring Your System
You can use the AUTO CONFIGURATION WITH BIOS
DEFAULTS option to automatically configure your system to
the default settings. When you select this option, the program
asks you to confirm that you want to load the defaults.
Saving Your Selections
The changes you make in the Setup program are temporary
until you save them. This is important to remember in case you
change any settings by mistake and want to return to your
previous settings.
Whenever you want to save your new settings, select the
WRITE TO CMOS AND EXIT option. The program asks you
to confirm that you want to save the new settings and exit.
Press
and
. The system restarts with the new
configuration settings.
5-4 Running Setup
You can also exit the Setup program without writing the new
selections to CMOS RAM. Select the DO NOT WRITE TO
CMOS AND EXIT option. The program asks you if you want to
quit without saving the current settings. Press
and
The system restarts with the previous configuration settings.
Changing the Standard CMOS Setup
When you select the STANDARD CMOS SETUP option from the
main menu, you see this screen:
Press
or
to select the option you
want to change. The Setup program displays information about
to change
or
each option as you highlight it. Use
the value of an option. Press
to return to the main menu.
Running Setup 5-5
The options on the STANDARD CMOS SETUP screen are
described in the following table. Note that the Setup program
displays the possible settings for each option when the option
is highlighted.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP Options
Option
Function
Date
Sets the current system date in mm/dd/yy format
Time
Sets the current system time
Daylight saving
Enables or disables daylight savings
Hard disk C: type
Identifies the hard disk drive installed in the
computer; this setting is accurate for the
factory-installed hard disk; do not change it
Hard disk D: type
Always set to Not Installed
Floppy drive A:
Identifies the diskette drive, which is 1.44MB,
3½ inch; do not change this setting
Floppy drive B:
Always set to Not Installed (unless you install an
optional, external diskette drive)
Primary display
identifies the LCD display
Keyboard
Tells the system whether or not to test the
keyboard during system setup
5-6 Running Setup
Changing the Advanced CMOS Setup
When you select the ADVANCED CMOS SETUP option from the
main menu, you see this screen:
Note
This screen shows the BIOS default settings.
Press
or
to select the option you
want to change. When an option is highlighted, you can
press
to display information about the option, including
the possible settings. Use
or
to change the
value of an option. Press
to return to the main menu.
The options on the ADVANCED CMOS SETUP screen are
described in the following table. Note that the Setup program
displays the possible settings for each option when the option is
highlighted and you press the
key.
Running Setup 5-7
ADVANCED CMOS SETUP Options
Option
Function
Typematic Rate
Programming
Enables or disables programming of the typematic
rate; If enabled, you can change the next two options
on the screen
Typematic Rate
Delay
Sets the delay period between the time you press a
key and the time the character appears on the screen
(in milliseconds); the higher the number, the longer the
delay; the default is 500 msec, or 1/2 second
Typematic Rate
Sets the rate at which a character repeats when you
hold down a key; the higher the number, the faster the
repeat rate; the default is 24 characters per second
PS/2 Mouse
Support Option
Enables or disables PS/2-type mouse support for the
EXT KB port; always enable this option when you
connect a pointing device to the EXT KB port
Above 1 MB
Memory Test
Enables or disables testing of memory above 1MB
during system startup; disabling this option speeds up
the startup process
Memory Test
Tick Sound
Enables or disables an audible ticking sound as
memory Is tested during system startup
Hit <Del>
Message Display
Enables or disables the message that prompts you to
run the Setup program: if you disable this message,
you will not see Hit <Del>, If you want to run
Setup:you can still start the Setup program by
pressing
during the memory test
Hard Disk Type
47 Data Area
Identifies where the hard disk drive parameters table is
stored; it is not necessary to change this setting
Wait For <F1>
If Any Error
Enables or disables the message that prompts you to
press
to run Setup when an error occurs
System Boot Up
Num Lock
Turns the Num Lock function either On or Off whenever
the system starts up
Floppy Drive
Seek At Boot
Enables or disables checking the diskette drive for
COMMAND.COM during system startup; enable this
option if you plan to start the computer from drive A
5-8 Running Setup
ADVANCED CMOS SETUP Options (continued)
Option
Function
System Boot Up
Sequence
specifies the order In which the computer checks the
drives when Iooking for the operating system; the
default (C:, A:) loads the operating system from drive
C; if you want to load the operating system from
diskette, change this setting to A:, C:
Password
Checking
Option
Enables or disables password security; select
Always to enable password checking whenever the
computer is fumed on or reset: select Setup to enable
password checking only when you start the Setup
program; if you enable this option, you then select the
CHANGE PASSWORD option to specify your password
Video BIOS
Shadow
E000,64K
Enables or disables shadow RAM for the video BIOS; If
you enable this feature, the system copies the
contents of its video BIOS into RAM so it can perform
certain operations faster
LCD Contrast
Enhancement
Enables or disables the LCD contrast enhancement
feature; to enable this feature, you can specify
foreground, background, or both
Full Height
Cursor
Enables or disables a full height cursor; the normal
cursor is an underscore _ ; the full height cursor Is a
rectangle
Internal cache
memory
Enables or disables the 1KB Internal memory cache
built into the microprocessor; when the cache is
enabled, the system performs most efficiently
Non-cacheable
Block 1 Size
Enables or disables a non-cache block of memory;
your computer automatically caches all system
memory unless you enable a non-cache block of
memory
Non-cacheable
Block 1 Addr
Displays the starting address of the non-cache block of
memory
Non-cacheable
Block 2 Size
your computer automatically caches all system
Enables or disables a non-cache block of memory;
memory unless you enable a non-cache block of
memory
Non-cacheable
Block 2 Addr
Displays the starting address of the non-cache block of
memory
Running Setup 5-9
Changing the Advanced Chipset Setup
These configuration settings include the power management
functions that allow you to conserve battery power.
When you select the ADVANCED CHIP SET SETUP option from
the main menu, you see this screen:
Press
or
to select the option you
want to change. When an option is highlighted, you can press
to display information about the option including the
to change the
possible settings. Use
or
value of an option. Press
to return to the main menu.
5-10 Running Setup
The options on the ADVANCED CHIPSET SETUP screen are
described in the following table. Note that the Setup program
displays the possible settings for each option when the option is
highlighted and you press the
key.
ADVANCED CHIPSET SETUP Options
Option
Function
Power Management
Function
Enables or disables the power management
functions; if enabled, you can set the next three
counters
Display Timeout
Counter
Enables or disables a timeout period for the LCD
display; if enabled, and the LCD screen is not
accessed far the specified period of time, the
computer goes Into Suspend mode
HDD Timeout Counter
Enables or disables a timeout period for the
hard disk drive; if enabled, and the hard disk
drive Is not accessed for the specified period of
time, the computer goes Into Suspend mode
System Timeout
Counter
Enables or disables a timeout period for the
system; if enabled, and the system is not
accessed for the specified period of time, the
computer goes into Suspend mode
Highlight the option you want to change and press
to
see what timeout periods are available. If you do not use the
keyboard for the specified amount of time, the computer turns
off the LCD screen, hard disk drive, or the entire system to save
battery power. The next time you press a key, the system comes
back on. It’s a good idea to always press the
key when
you want to resume activity on the computer.
Running Setup 5-11
Changing the Password
If you enable the Password Checking option on
the ADVANCED CMOS SETUP screen, you use the
CHANGE PASSWORD option to specify the password.
Caution
If you do set a password, be sure it is easy to remember. If
you forget your password, you will have to call the Epson
Connection for assistance.
When you select the CHANGE PASSWORD option, you see the
following prompt:
Enter CURRENT Password:
Type the current password. (When you enable a password for
the first time, the current password is AMI.) You see the
following prompt:
Enter NEW password:
Type your password using up to six characters. To protect your
password, the screen does not display what you type. After
typing the password, press
Then you see the following
prompt:
Re-Enter
NEW
Password:
Type the same password again and press
.
(This confirms
your password for the system.) The program displays the
following message
NEW
Password
Installed
Press
to return to the main menu screen. Highlight
WRITE TO CMOS AND EXIT and press
5-12 Running Setup
Now, you must enter the password each time you start or reset
the computer and/or before the Setup program will start. (See
Chapter 2 for information about using the password you have
defined.)
Hard Disk Utility
You need to select this option only if you are having serious
problems with your hard disk, such as not being able to access
it. This option provides utilities that allow you to perform a
low-level (or physical) format of your hard disk. Do not
confuse this procedure with the logical format performed by
your operating system. The physical formatting of a hard disk
is a separate step that is usually done at the factory by the disk
manufacturer.
Caution
Physically formatting a hard disk erases any data it contains.
Be sure to back up any data on your hard disk before you
format it. If you are unsure whether formatting is necessary,
contact your Authorized Epson Servicer or call the Epson
Connection (1-800-922-8911) for assistance.
In addition to destroying all the data on the hard disk,
formatting removes any partitions and logical formatting
defined on the disk by your operating system. After you
physically format a hard disk, you need to logically format the
disk again using your operating system.
Running Setup 5-13
When you select the HARD DISK UTILITY from the main
Setup menu, you see this screen:
The three options listed on the bottom half of the screen are
hard disk diagnostic tests. These tests are destructive in that
they destroy data on the hard disk. Therefore, if possible, be
sure to backup any data on your hard disk before performing
these tests.
Hard Disk Format
The hard disk in your computer has already been formatted for
you. You need to reformat this hard disk only if you have a
serious problem with the drive. However, before formatting a
disk with data on it, try every other recovery procedure
described in your operating system manuals. Then, if possible,
back up all the data on the disk before you begin.
You must still partition and format the hard disk for the
operating system after performing this low-level format. See
your operating system manuals for instructions.
5-14 Running Setup
Caution
The hard disk format procedure destroys any data on your
hard disk.
Select the Hard Disk Format option only when you need to
perform a low-level format of the hard disk. The program
displays this screen:
The Mark Bad Tracks option allows you to specify the bad
tracks on the hard disk. If you do not enter a bad track list
before you format the disk, the format program analyzes the
surface of the hard disk to determine the bad tracks.
Auto Interleave
This option is available for service personnel only. You should
never select this option.
Media Analysis
This test identifies the bad tracks on the hard disk by analyzing
the surface of the disk to find them. The program uses three
different bit patterns: formatting the disk, marking the bad
tracks, and displaying the bad track list.
Caution
The Media Analysis test destroys any data on your hard disk.
Running Setup 5-15
Chapter 6
Running System Diagnostics
You can test the following devices using System diagnostics:
System board
Numeric coprocessor
System memory
Diskette drive
Hard disk drive
Serial port(s)
Parallel port
Video adapter
Keyboard
Dot matrix printer(s).
See the table on page 6-7 for a list of the tests available for each
device.
Note
The Write, read checks for the hard disk drive and diskette
drive destroy data on the disk. Be sure to backup any data
on your hard disk or insert a blank, formatted diskette
before you run this test. Also be sure to do this if you select
Run all above checks.
Running System Diagnostics 6-1
Starting the Program
Follow these steps to start the System diagnostics program:
1.
Insert the Reference diskette in drive A and turn on or reset
the computer.
Note
Always start the computer from the Reference diskette to
run System diagnostics. This clears any terminate-andstay-resident (TSR) programs or other utilities from
memory and frees it for use by the diagnostics program.
2.
At the A: prompt, type DIAG and press
This
executes the DIAG.BAT batch file in the root directory of
your Reference diskette.
3.
You see a menu bar at the top of the screen with
Items Detected highlighted. Press
4.
You see a list of all the testable devices the computer detects
in your system. Check to be sure the list is correct.
5.
If the list is not correct, press
to select Quit and
press
. Run the Setup program to make sure any
missing devices are configured properly. (See Chapter 5 for
instructions.) Then run System diagnostics again beginning
at step 1.
When the list is correct, you can run diagnostic tests on each
device. If you do not want to test a device, you can remove
it from the list. You can also add a device to the list.
6-2 Running System Diagnostics
Deleting Tests
To remove devices from the Items Detected list so the System
diagnostics program cannot test them, follow these steps:
1. Press
to select Delete Tests. You see the Delete
menu, such as the following:
System Board
Numeric Coprocessor
System Memory
Diskette Drive A
Hard Disk Drive #1
Serial Port C O M 1
Serial Port COM2
Printer Port LPT1
Video Adapter Test
Keyboard Test
2.
Press
or
to highlight the device you want to
delete and press
. The device is removed from the
Delete menu. You can delete as many devices as you want.
3.
When you are finished deleting devices, press
to
select Execute and see “Running Tests” on page 6-5.
Running System Diagnostics 6-3
Adding Tests
If you want to add devices to the Items Detected list, follow
these steps:
1. Press
or
to select Add Tests. You see the Add
menu, such as the following:
Numeric Coprocessor
Diskette Drive B
LPT1 Printer Test
The Add menu lists the testable devices that the computer
has not detected as Enabled in your system. You also see
any devices that you deletd from the Delete menu in case
you want to be able to test them.
2.
Press
or
to highlight the device you want to
add and press
The device is removed from the Add
menu and added to the Execute list. You can add as many
devices as you want.
3.
When you are finished adding devices, press
Execute and see the next section.
6-4 Running System Diagnostics
to select
Running Tests
Follow these steps to run a test from the Execute menu:
1. Press
or
to select Execute. You see the
Execute menu, such as the following:
System Board
Numeric Coprocessor
system Memory
Diskette Drive A
Hard Disk Drive #1
Serial Port COM1
Serial Port COM2
Printer Port LPT1
Video Adapter Test
Keyboard Test
2.
Press
or
test and press
How
often
to highlight the device you want to
You see the Repeat prompt:
to
repeat
test?
1
3. If you want to run the test once, press
To run the test
more than once, type the number of times and press
4. If there is only one test for a device, the program begins
testing immediately. If there is more than one test for the
device, you see a submenu, such as the following:
HARD DISK DRIVE (S) AND CONTROLLER CHECK MENU
1 - Seek check
2 - Write, read check
3 - Read, verify check
4 - Run all above checks
0 - Exit
Running System Diagnostics 6-5
Use
or
or type the number of the desired
option to highlight a test and then press
to run it.
Note
If you selected to run the tests more than once, you do
not see a submenu. The program immediately begins
executing all tests that do not destroy data.
5. When the test is completed, you see the Execute menu or
the test submenu again. You can select another test or exit
the menu.
To exit System diagnostics, press
to select Quit and
press
You return to the operating system command
prompt.
Resuming From an Error
If an error prevents a test from running you see a Runtime
Error information box. Follow the instructions on the screen to
solve the problem.
If an error occurs during a test, the test stops and an error
message appears. Follow the instructions on the screen to print
the message or to continue without printing it.
For a complete list of the error messages the program may
display, see the table at the end of this chapter.
6-6 Running System Diagnostics
System Diagnostic Tests
The table below lists all the System diagnostic tests you can run
on your system.
System diagnostic tests
Device
Description
Tests available
System Board
Checks the system board
components
Numeric
Coprocessor
Tests the operation of any
existing numeric coprocessor
System
Memory
Checks ail memory and displays
a memory count
Diskette
Drive(s)
A or B
Sequential seek
check
Random seek check
Write, read check’
Disk change check
Run all above checks
Tests the operation of the
selected diskette drive; requires
a formatted dskette for some
tests
Hard Disk
Drive
Seek check
Write, read check *
Read, verify check
Run all above checks
Tests the operation of the
internal hard disk drive
Serial Port(s)
COM1 or
COM2
Tests the selected serial port:
requires a loop-back connector
Printer Port
LPT1
Tests the selected printer port;
requires a loop-back connector
LP1
Printer Test(s)
Tests the operation of the
selected dot matrix printer and
prints a test pattern
Running System Diagnostics 6-7
System diagnostic tests (continued)
Device
Tests available
Description
video
Adapter
Adapter check
Attribute check
Character set check
Graphics mode check
Screen paging check
Sync check
Run all above checks
Tests the operation of the
built-in VGA display adapter
Tests the operation of your
keyboard by displaying an
asterisk on a keyboard diagram
for each key you press
Keyboard
* The Write, read check destroys data on the disk. Be sure to back up data
on a hard disk or insert a blank, formatted diskette before running this test.
Error M e s s a g e s
The following table lists all the error messages that may appear
during System diagnostic testing.
System diagnostic error messages
Error code
Message
System board
0101
0102
0103
0104
0105
0105
0106
0107
0108
0108
0108
0109
0110
0111
CPU error
ROM checksum error
Timer counter register error
Timer counter error
Refresh error
DMA controller register error
DMA page register error
Refresh error
Keyboard controller timeout error
Keyboard controller self diagnostic error
Keyboard controller write command error
CMOS checksum error
CMOS shutdown byte error
CPU instruction error
6-8 Running System Diagnostics
System diagnostic error messages (continued)
Error code
System board
Message
0112
0113
0114
0115
Memory
CMOS battery error
Interrupt controller error
Protect mode error 1
Protect mode error 2
0201
0201
Memory error
Parity error
Keyboard
0302
Keyboard is non-standard or defective
Diskette drive(s)
0601
0602
0603
0604
0605
0606
0607
Diskette drive controller error
Sequential seek error
Random seek error
Write error
Read error
Remove error
Insert error
Coprocessor
0701
0702
0703
0704
0705
0706
0707
0708
0709
0710
Coprocessor not installed
Coprocessor initialize error
Coprocssor invalid operation mask error
Coprocessor st field error
Coprocessor comparison error
Coprocessor zero divide mask error
Coprocessor addition error
Coprocessor subtraction error
Coprocessor multiplication error
Coprocessor precision error
Parallel port
0901
Error pin p
Serial port(s)
1101
1101
1102
1103
control signal always low
control signal always high
Timeout error
Verify error
Running System Diagnostics 6-9
System diagnostic error messages (continued)
Error Code
Hard disk drive
1701
1702
1703
6-10 Running
Message
Seek error
Write error
Read error
System Diagnostics
Chapter 7
Using the VGA Utilities
The Reference diskette included with your system contains
special VGA (video graphics array) drivers and utilities for
your computer’s built-in VGA adapter. This chapter describes
how to install and use these drivers and utilities.
Note
You need to install these drivers only if you plan to use an
external VGA or SVGA monitor. Your LCD screen, which
provides a VGA resolution of 640 x 480 with 32 shades of
gray, does not require a driver.
Because software programs can run on different types of
display adapters with different types of monitors, the VGA
drivers identify your display adapter and monitor for the
software. These drivers are files your software uses to
communicate with your display adapter and monitor.
A utility is a program that supports the processes of a
computer. The utilities on your VGA diskette allow you to
change the system’s default graphic configuration and enhance
your system operation by setting various video modes.
The ActionNote’s built-in VGA adapter is 100% compatible
with IBM® VGA. This adapter allows you to use the computer
with Epson VGA monitors, other brands of VGA monitors, and
VGA-compatible, multifrequency monitors that use analog
input. The drivers and utilities described in this chapter work
with any of these monitors.
Using the VGA Utilities 7-1
Standard VGA monitors display resolutions up to 640 x 480,
and you do not need to install the drivers for your monitor to
operate properly with your application programs at this
resolution. However, the display drivers provide improved
resolution for each application supported.
The following table lists the applications for which high
resolution VGA drivers are provided, as well as the supported
text modes or graphics resolutions and colors for each
application. (For additional driver support, call the Epson
Connection.)
Supported applications
Application
supported
resolutions
supported
colors
Lotus 1-2-3, version 2.x
100 x 60 text
Microsoft Windows, version 3.0
640 x 480
800 x 600
16
16
WordPerfect, version 5.1
800 x 600
16
Note
These drivers and utilities are designed for systems running
MS-DOS. If you are using another operating system, see the
documentation that came with it for information about the
VGA drivers you can use.
If you are displaying data simultaneously on both the LCD and
an external monitor, the screens will default to a resolution of
640 x 480 regardless of what drivers are loaded. (This is because
the LCD supports 640 x 480 only.) To display in a resolution of
800 x 600, make sure you are displaying on the external
monitor only.
You can control where data is displayed using the VGACONF
utility described later in this chapter.
7-2
Using the VGA Utilities
Lotus 1-2-3, Version 2.x
The Lotus display driver supports text mode operations for
Lotus 1-2-3, version 2.x, at a resolution of 100 x 60.
To install the driver, follow these steps:
1.
Log onto the Lotus directory on your hard disk that contains
the Lotus INSTALL files.
2.
Insert the Reference diskette into drive A.
3.
Copy the Lotus driver from the Reference diskette to this
directory. At the command prompt, type the following and
press
COPY A: \LOTUS\L100X60.DRV
4.
Type INSTALL and press
program.
5.
From the main menu, select Advanced options and
press
6.
Then select Add new drivers to library and
press
7.
When the program finishes adding drivers to the library,
select Modify current driver set and press
8.
Select Text display to modify the text mode and
press
9.
Select the following display and text mode:
VGA (100
to run the Lotus installation
X 60)
10. Select Return to menu and press
Using the VGA Utilities 7-3
11. At the installation menu, select save changes.
12. At the prompt, enter a name that identifies this driver; it’s
a good idea to include the driver’s resolution, 100 x 60. The
default driver name assigned by the program is 123.SET.
13. Exit the Lotus Install program.
To start Lotus with the new driver resolution, you include the
name of the driver with the Lotus prompt. For example, if you
named your driver 100 x 60.SET, you would type the following
and press
123 100 x 60
Microsoft Windows, Version 3.0
The Microsoft Windows driver supports a resolution of
800 x 600 with 16 colors.
Note
Even though this driver is specific to Windows 3.0, you can
use it with Windows version 3.1. Check with the Epson
Connection for the availability of the Windows 3.1 driver.
To install the driver, follow these steps:
1. Log onto the Windows directory on your hard disk.
2. At the command prompt, type SETUP and press
3. At the System information screen, select Display and
press
7-4 Using the VGA Utilities
4.
From the Display menu, select Other (Requires disk
provided by a hardware manufacturer) and
press
5. The program prompts you to insert your display driver
diskette into drive A. Insert the Reference diskette into
drive A.
6.
Type WIN3 as the pathname and press
The program
displays a list of drivers and their associated resolutions.
For example
Cirrus Logic VGA 800 x 600 (16 colors)
7.
Select the display driver you want and press
8.
Remove the Reference diskette from drive A.
9.
Complete the Windows Setup.
WordPerfect, Version 5.1
The WordPerfect driver supports high resolution text and
graphics. WordPerfect allows text and graphics drivers to be
set up separately, so be sure to install both of these drivers.
Follows these steps:
1. Log onto the WordPerfect directory on your hard disk. This
directory is normally called WP51.
2. Copy the WordPerfect driver from the Reference diskette to
this directory . At the command prompt, type the following
and press
COPY A: \WP\CIRRUS.VRS
3. Start WordPerfect.
Using the VGA Utilities 7-5
4. To display the Setup menu, press
5. Select Display by typing 2.
6. If you are installing the driver for text mode, select Text
Screen Type. If you are installing the driver for graphics
mode, select Graphics Screen Type.
7. Move the cursor until Cirrus Logic VGA appears on the
list, and choose SELECT. The program displays a list of all
the resolutions supported by the Cirrus Logic text driver.
8. Select the desired resolution.
9. Press
to exit. Your selection is saved and used for
displaying text and the print preview and graphics
functions of WordPerfect.
Using the VGACONF Utility Program
The Reference diskette includes the utility program,
VGACONF. This program is located in the UTILS directory.
You may have copied the program to a directory on your hard
disk; if so, log onto that directory before running the program.
This utility allows you to change your system’s default graphic
configuration. Follow these steps to run VGACONF:
1. Log onto the directory that contains the VGACONF.EXE file.
This is either A:\ UTILS or a directory on your hard disk.
7-6 Using the VGA Utilities
2. Type VGACONF and press
Use
you want and press
or
. You see this main menu:
to highlight the selection
The Display Status option displays the current settings.
For example
Press any key to return to the main menu.
Select option allows you to change the current settings.
You see this screen:
Using the VGA Utilities 7-7
Highlight the option you want to change and press
You see a submenu of the available selections. Use
or
to highlight the desired setting and
press
to return to the SELECT OPTION menu.
Some options are designed for a specific display mode CRT,
SimulSCAN, or panel. CRT mode refers to a VGA monitor
connected to the VIDEO port; SimulSCAN refers to both the LCD
screen and a VGA monitor; panel refers to the LCD screen. The
following table shows the display modes available for each
option
Option
Display mode
Reverse
SimulSCAN, panel
Bold
Panel
Contrast enhancement
Panel
Expand
SimulSCAN, panel
Vertical position
I Panel
Display
CRT, SimulSCAN, panel
Bus width
CRT, SimulSCAN, panel
Inhibit font
CRT, SimulSCAN, panel
Cusor
Panel
RGB
Panel
Standby Timer allows you to set a timeout period for the
LCD display panel if the Display option is set to PANEL.
When you select Standby Timer your see this menu:
7-8 Using the VGA Utilities
I
Select Timer to set a timeout period, or select Normal to
disable standby mode. When you select Timer, you see these
prompts:
Standby Time (minutes):
Time-out on (K)eyboard activity or (M)emory
access (K/M):
Enter the number of minutes to wait before entering standby
mode and press
Then enter K or M to indicate the type of
activity. If you enter K, the LCD panel will enter standby mode
if there is no keyboard activity for the specified number of
minutes. If you enter M, the LCD panel will enter standby mode
if video memory is not accessed for the specified number of
minutes. Press
to initiate the timer.
The standby mode initiated by the VGACONF utility is exactly
the same as Suspend mode. You can reactivate the system at
any time by pressing the
key.
Select Quit to exit the VGACONF program and return to the
operating system prompt.
Using VGACONF From the Command Line
To quickly change one or more VGA configuration settings,
you can initiate VGACONF from the command line with
option parameters. At the command prompt, enter the
VGACONF command in the following format:
VGACONF [options]
Using the VGA Utilities 7-9
In place of the options parameter, you enter one or more of the
following option names, separated by spaces:
I
Option name Description
- ? or -H
Dispiay the help screen
-S
Dispiay status information
-N
Disabie standby mode
-K=xx
Set standby timer for keyboard to xx minutes
-M=xx
Set standby timer for memory access to xx minutes
I
ETDG
Enable text and disable graphics reverse video mode
NOREVERSE
Disable text and graphics reverse video
REVERSE
Enable text and graphics reverse video
DTEG
Disable text and enable graphics reverse video
BOLD
Enable bold mode
NOBOLD
Disable bold mode
ATTREMUL
Disable Automap
NOATTREMUL Enable Automap
BKGND
Enable background enhancement
FRGND
Enable foreground enhancement
BKFRGND
Enable background and foregound enhancement
EXPAND
Enable expand mode
NOEXPAND
Disable expand mode
CENTER
Center the screen on the panel
TOP
Allgn the screen on the top of the panel
BOTTOM
Align the screen on the bottom of the panel
PANEL
Switch the display to the panel
CRT
Switch the display to the CRT (monitor)
SIMUL
Use the panel and the CRT simultaneously
7-10 Using the VGA Utilities
I
Option name Description
16BIT
Enable 16-bit operations
NO 16BIT
Force 8-bit operations
INHFONT
Inhibit font Ioading when switching display
NOI
Allow font loading when switching display
FULLHGT
Select full height cursor
NOFULLHGT
Select normal cursor
W259
Select RGB weighting 2:5:9
W529
Select RGB weighting 5:2:9
W295
Select RGB weighting 2:9:5
W592
Select RGB weighting 5:9:2
W925
Select RGB weighting 9:2:5
W952
Select RGB weighting 9:5:2
any of the VGACONF options by typing
only the first three characters of the option name. The following
examples show how to enter the VGACONF command with
the options parameters:
You can abbreviate
VGACONF
VGACONF
VGACONF
VGACONF
VGACONF
VGACONF
SIMUL
SIM
PANEL NOATTREMUL NOBOLD NOEXPAND
PAN NOA NOB NOE
- S
-M=4
Using the VGA Utilities 7-11
Appendix A
Troubleshooting
You should not encounter any difficulties as you set up and
use your ActionNote. If anything out of the ordinary happens,
refer to this appendix. It provides you with the following
problem-solving sections:
The computer won’t start
Battery problems
AC adapter problems
The LCD screen is blank
The external monitor screen is blank
The computer locks up
Password problems
Diskette problems
Diskette drive problems
Hard disk problems
Software problems
Printer problems
Memory module problems
Math coprocessor problems
CMOS battery problems.
Troubleshooting A-1
Besides trying the suggestions in this appendix, you can run
diagnostic tests on your system. See Chapter 6 for instructions.
If the suggestions here or the diagnostic tests do not solve the
problem, perform the steps below to identify your system and
make a note of any error messages your computer displays.
Then contact your Authorized Epson Servicer or call the Epson
Connection at 1-800-922-8911.
Identifying Your System
When you request technical assistance, be ready to provide the
serial number of your computer, its ROM BIOS version
number, its configuration (including the types of disk drives
and options), and the names and version numbers of any
software programs you are using.
You can find the serial number on the underside of the
computer. If you are able to use your computer, follow these
steps to obtain information about your configuration, as well as
the version numbers of your system BIOS and MS-DOS
1.
Turn on your computer or
it.
to restart
2.
As the computer performs its power-on diagnostics, it
displays the version number of your system BIOS as part of
the copyright information. Write down the number.
3. Write down any information about your setup shown on the
configuration screen that may help in identifying the
problem.
4.
After the MS-DOS prompt appears, type VER and press
to display the MS-DOS version number. Write it down.
A-2 Troubleshooting
Error Messages
Your computer’s built-in memory (ROM) contains a series of
diagnostic programs, called power-on diagnostics, which your
computer runs automatically every time you turn it on. These
programs check internal devices such as ROM, RAM, the timer,
the keyboard controller, and the hard disk drive.
When the diagnostics test RAM, you see the total amount of
memory currently installed in your system. If the computer
finds an error, it displays an error message on the screen. Write
down the error message and give it to the person who is
helping you when you report the problem.
If the error is serious, the computer cancels further checking
and halts system initialization. The error message remains on
the screen and the computer locks up. If this happens, contact
your Authorized Epson Servicer as soon as possible to report
this information and the error message.
The Computer Won’t Start
If your computer does not start when you press the power
button, try the following:
1. Check the power light. If it is on, the computer is on and you
should follow the steps under “The LCD Screen is Blank”
later in this chapter. If the light is not on, go to step 2.
2. Press the power button to turn off the computer. If you are
using the battery pack, remove it and reinstall it. If you are
using the AC adapter, disconnect it and then reconnect it.
Then turn the power on again.
3. If the computer still does not start, the problem is probably
caused by the power source; see “Battery Problems” or “AC
Adapter Problems: below.
Troubleshooting A-3
Battery Problems
If you have trouble running the computer from the battery
pack, follow the steps in this section to find the problem. (Be
sure to read Chapter 3 for information on the battery.)
1. Check the low battery light. If it is blinking, the battery is low
and you need to recharge it. See Chapter 3 for instructions.
2. If you think the battery is not providing any power, it may
not be installed properly. Try removing and reinstalling it,
according to the instructions in Chapter 3. Make sure the
battery cover is closed securely.
3. If you replace the battery pack and the computer works
properly, then you need to recharge the other battery that is
out of power.
4. If you replace the battery pack and the computer does not
work properly, the new battery may not be fully charged.
Recharge this battery until it reaches its maximum capacity.
5. If the power light still does not come on, connect the AC
adapter to the computer and plug the adapter into an
electrical outlet. Turn on the computer and see if it works
using the AC adapter.
If the computer works using the AC adapter, you may need
to check your battery pack. If the computer does not work
with the AC adapter, see “AC Adapter Problems” later in
this appendix.
6. If you have not used a battery in a long time (three months
or more), you may need to recharge it.
7. If you find that over time the battery is losing its charge in
less and less time, it may be reaching the end of its life. You
may need to replace it with a new battery pack.
A-4 Troubleshooting
AC Adapter Problems
If the computer does not work properly when you have
connected the AC adapter, check the power light. If it is on, the
AC adapter is working and supplying power to the computer.
If it is not on, follow these steps to find the problem:
1.
Remove any diskette from the diskette drive and turn off the
computer. Disconnect the AC adapter and then reconnect it.
Then turn the computer back on. If the power light is still
off, go to step 2.
2.
Check the connections: make sure the AC adapter cable is
securely connected to the computer and that the power
cable is properly connected to both the AC adapter and an
electrical outlet.
3.
If the connections are good, then check the electrical outlet
to make sure it is supplying power. (For example, plug a
portable lamp into the socket and turn it on.) If the outlet is
working and the connections are secure, there may be
something wrong with your adapter.
Caution
Use only the AC adapter (model number AP-3S25) supplied
with the computer.
Troubleshooting A-5
The LCD Screen Is Blank
If the computer starts up but no image appears on the LCD
screen, follow these steps to solve the problem:
1. Use the brightness and contrast controls to adjust the screen
display.
2. To save power, you may have set a time-out period for the
LCD screen in the Setup program. This turns off the screen
automatically after a specified period of time has elapsed
with no keyboard input. Press any key to see if this restores
the display. (See Chapter 5 for information about the power
management options.)
3. Make sure the suspend/resume switch is set to the left. The
computer may just be in Suspend mode.
4. If you have connected an external monitor to your computer
and you are using it, you should not have any problem
displaying information on both screens at the same time.
Check your VGACONF settings; see Chapter 7 for details.
The External Monitor Screen is Blank
If you are using an external monitor and no image appears on
its screen, follow these steps to solve the problem:
1. Make sure the power switches on the computer and the
monitor are turned on.
2. Adjust the brightness and contrast of the monitor screen.
3. If your LCD screen is displaying information, you may
have disabled the external monitor. Check your VGACONF
settings; see Chapter 7 for details.
A-6 Troubleshooting
4. Remove any diskette from drive A, and turn off the
computer and the monitor. Check that the monitor’s power
cable is securely connected to the monitor and to an
electrical outlet. Be sure the monitor cable is properly
connected to both the monitor and the computer. Then turn
both power switches back on.
5. If the monitor still does not work, turn off both the computer
and the monitor. Then check the electrical outlet for power.
Plug a portable lamp into the outlet and turn it on to see if
the outlet supplies power.
6. If the outlet works and an image still does not appear on
your monitor when you turn on the computer, contact your
Authorized Epson Servicer.
The Computer Locks Up
If the computer locks up and does not respond to your
keyboard entries, try the following:
1. Wait a few minutes to see if the computer really is disabled.
Some operations take longer than others to perform. For
example, a spreadsheet program takes longer to recalculate
an entire spreadsheet than to record one figure. Also,
programs involving many calculations can take several
minutes to complete.
2. Make sure the suspend/resume switch is set to the left. The
computer may just be suspended.
3. You may be able to resume activity cancelling the current
or
operation. Try pressing
Troubleshooting A-7
4. If the computer remains locked up after you’ve waited
a reasonable amount of time, reset it by pressing
5. If resetting does not work, you probably need to turn off the
computer, wait five seconds, and turn it back on.
Password Problems
If you set a password using the Setup program, you must enter
it at the times you selected in Setup: either whenever you start
or reset the computer or whenever you start the Setup
program. If you have trouble using your password, try the
following
1.
If you type the password and then see an x, type it again
and press
If you type it wren three times, the
computer locks up. Press
to reset
the computer and try again.
2.
If you know the current password but you want to change it,
see Chapter 5 for instructions.
3.
If you have forgotten your password, call the Epson
Connection for assistance.
A-8 Troubleshooting
Diskette Problems
If you have trouble accessing data on a diskette, follow these
steps to identify the problem:
1. Is the diskette properly inserted in the drive? Remove the
diskette from the drive and make sure it is inserted with the
label facing up.
2. Are you using the right type of diskette for your drive? The
3½--inch drive in your computer can read either 720KB or
1.44MB diskettes.
3. Is the diskette write-protected? If you want to copy to a
diskette, it must not be write-protected. If the write-protect
switch is set, first make sure the diskette does not contain
files you do not want to change or lose. Then move the
switch to remove the write protection. Ordinarily, it’s a
good idea to leave program diskettes write-protected, but
some programs don’t work properly using write-protected
diskettes.
4. Is the diskette formatted? A new diskette must be formatted
before you can store data on it. See your operating system
manual for instructions.
5. Is the diskette damaged? Use your backup copy of the
diskette and repeat the operation that caused the problem.
If the operation works using the copy, the original diskette
is probably damaged. Discard it and use the copy.
If you need to save the files on the original diskette, try
using the COPY command to copy one file at a time.
6. Try formatting a blank diskette to determine if the diskette
drive is operating properly. If you cannot format a diskette,
see the following section.
Troubleshooting A-9
Diskette Drive Problems
If you are having problems with the diskette drive, check the
following
1. If the drive does not seem to be working as it should, try
performing a similar operation with a diskette in another
computer’s drive, if you have access to one.
2. If the drive is making loud or unusual noises, stop the
current operation immediately. If the problem continues,
contact your Authorized Epson Servicer.
3. You can run a diagnostic check for the diskette drive; see
Chapter 6 for instructions.
Hard Disk Problems
If you have problems with your hard disk drive, check the
following:
1.
Check the hard disk drive light. If you enter commands
(such as COPY) to access the hard disk, the light should be
on when the computer accesses the drive. If the light is
blinking, there may be a problem with the hard disk.
Contact your Authorized Epson Servicer if this occurs.
2.
If you have set a time-out for the hard disk in the Setup
program and it has timed out, the hard disk drive requires
about 15 seconds to come backup to speed when you
access it again.
3.
Make sure you have formatted the hard disk correctly for
MS-DOS or the operating system you are using. See the
instructions in your operating system manual.
A-10 Troubleshooting
4. Try running the hard disk diagnostic check described in
Chapter 6. If you still cannot identify the problem, contact
your Authorized Epson Servicer.
Software Problems
If you are having trouble with an application program, try the
following Solutions:
1. If the application program does not start, check that you are
following the correct procedure for starting the program,
and that it is installed correctly. If the program is stored in a
directory on the hard disk drive, make sure you are
working in or specifying the correct directory. If you are
using a program on a diskette, make sure you have inserted
the correct diskette in the correct drive.
2. Your computer can run at either Turbo speed (25 or 33 MHz)
or Normal speed (8 MHz). While almost all programs work
properly at the faster speed, some must run at the slower
speed. Check your software manual to see if this is the case,
and change the CPU speed if necessary. See “Changing the
CPU Speed” in Chapter 2 for instructions.
3. If you have entered an MS-DOS command that you want to
stop, there are special key coremands you can use to tell
MS-DOS to stop what it is doing. These methods may also
work in your application programs:
Hold down
and press
Hold down
and press
Troubleshooting A-11
4.
An application program can occasionally lockup the
computer making it unresponsive to the keyboard. If
your computer does not respond when you
keyboard, you can reset it. Press
to reset the computer.
5.
If resetting the computer doesn’t help, turn off your system,
wait five seconds, and then turn it back on. Then you can
restart your application program.
6.
If none of these solutions solve your software problem,
contact the software manufacturer for technical support.
Printer Problems
You can solve most printer problems by following the
instructions in your printer manual. If you have just connected
the printer, first check that the printer has power and is
correctly connected to the computer. See Chapter 4 for
instructions on connecting a printer. (The printer manual also
gives instructions on cable connections.)
If you have a serial printer or if you have problems feeding
paper, check the printer manual for the correct DIP switch
settings. Refer to your printer documentation to see whether
you need to use the MODE command (described in the
MS-DOS manual) to match the serial settings.
A-12 Troubleshooting
Memory Module Problems
If you have added extra memory to your system, and that
memory is not operating properly, check the following:
1. Make sure the Setup program is displaying the correct
amount of memory. See Chapter 5 for instructions.
2. Have you defined the memory properly in your
CONFIG.SYS file? See “Using Memory” in Chapter 2 and
your MS-DOS manual for more information.
Numeric Coprocessor Problems
If you have installed a numeric coprocessor but it doesn’t seem
to be operating properly, check the documentation that came
with it for troubleshooting information and for any diagnostic
procedures you can perform. Contact your Authorized Epson
Servicer or call the Epson Connection if you cannot solve the
problem.
Caution
Do not attempt to remove the numeric coprocessor yourself;
this requires a special extraction tool. Contact your
Authorized Epson Servicer for assistance.
Troubleshooting A-13
CMOS Battery Problems
The Dallas® clock chip in your computer preserves the contents
of CMOS RAM even when the power is off. This battery should
last more than a year before you need to replace it. When this
battery’s life is exhausted, you see a message similar to the
following
S y s t e m battery
Setup
is
dead
-
Replace
Contact your Authorized Epson Servicer to install a new
battery for you or call the Epson Connection for referral
information.
A-14 Troubleshooting
and
run
Appendix B
Fax/Modem Command Set
This appendix summarizes the built-in set of commands
supported by the internal fax/modem that may be installed in
your ActionNote computer. This command set is compatible
with the Hayes® Smartmodem® series of modems.
Note
If you are using a telecommunications software program,
it provides its own set of commands that control the
fax/modem. You will use the program’s commands instead
of the built-in set.
You need the information in this appendix only if you are not
using a telecommunications software program and need to use
the fax/modem’s built-in set of commands.
When to Issue Commands
Your fax/modem has two operating states: command state and
on-line state. The fax/modem must be in command state to
receive commands from you; in on-line state, your keystrokes
are passed directly to the telephone line.
The fax/modem enters the command state when you:
Turn on your computer
Select the Reset command (ATZn)
Place a call but are unable to make a connection
Exit the on-line state using the escape sequence (+++).
Fax/Modem Command Set B-1
AT Command Summary
Command
Description
+++
Escape code
A/
Repeat last command string
AT
Attention
A
Answer Immediate (Incoming call)
B0
CClTT V.22 protocol at 1200 bps
B1
Bell 103/212A protocol at 1200 bps
D
Dial; originates a call
E0
Echo off (command mode)
El
Echo on (command mode)
HO
On hook; hang up immediate
H1
Off hook; ready to dial
0
Returns modem’s product ID code
I
1
Returns modem’s ROM checksum
I
2
Tests modem's internal memory
I
3
Speaker volume high
I
MO
Speaker always off
Ml
Speaker on until carrier is detected
M2
Speaker always on
M3
Speaker on after last digit dialed; off when carrier is
detected
O0
Return on-line
O1
Return on-line and initiate equalizer retrain (2400 bps)
Q0
Result codes on
Q1
Result codes off
Sr
Sets pointer to register r
B-2 Fax/Modem Command Set
AT Command Summary (continued)
I
Command
Description
Sr?
Reads value stored in r
Sr=n
Sets register r to n
V0
Returns result codes as numbers
V1
Returns result codes as words
X0
Enables basic result codes (0-4)
Xl
Enables extended result codes (05, 10)
X2
Enables extended result codes (0-6, 10)
X3
Enables extended result codes (0-5, 7, 10)
X4
Enables all result codes
Y0
Disable long space disconnect
I
Y1
Enable long space disconnect
I
Z0
Software reset; recalls user configuration 0
Z1
Software reset; recalls user configuration 1
&C0
DCD signal always on
&C1
DCD signal on when carrier present
I
&D0
Ignore DTR signal
I
&D1
Returns to command mode when an on-to-off DTR
transition occurs
I
&D2
I
Hangs up and returns to command mode when an
on-to-off DTR transition occurs
I
I
I
I
&D3
Resets when an on-to-off DTR transition occurs
I
&F
Loads factory configuration settings
I
&G0
No guard tone in CClTT mode
&G1
550 Hz guard tone in CClTT mode
&G2
1800 Hz guard tone in CClTT mode
&P0
Pulse dial make/break ratio = 39%/61% (U.S.)
&P1
Pulse dial make/break ratio = 33%/67% (U.K.)
Fax/Modem Command Set B-3
AT Command Summary (continued)
Command
Description
&V
Display configuration values and dialog settings
&W0
Save storable parameters as user configuration 0
&W1
&Y0
,
Save storable parameters as user configuration 1
Load user configuration 0 on power up
&Y1
Load user configuration 1 on power up
&Zn=x
Store phone number x in location n (n=0-3)
Dial Modifiers
Modifier
Description
!
Hookflash
,
Pause (2 seconds)
;
Return to command state after dialing
@
Wait for 5 seconds if silent answer
P
Pulse dialing
R
Reverse to answer mode
S
Dial stored number
T
Touchtone dialing
W
Wait 30 seconds for second dialtone
B-4 Fax/Modem Command Set
(0.5 seconds)
MNP Command Summary
Command
\A0
Sets the MNP block size to 64 characters
\A1
Sets the MNP block size to 128 characters
\A2
Sets the MNP block size to 192 characters
\A3
Sets the MNP block size to 256 characters
\B3
I
Description
I
Sets transmit break to 300ms
%C0
Disable data compression during MNP level 5 reliable
link connection
%C1
Enable data compression during MNP level 5 reliable
link connection
\G0
Disable modem port flow control
\G1
Enable modem port flow control
\J0
Disable speed adjust at serial Port
\J1
Enable speed adjust to match serial port
\K1
Empty data buffers and immediately send a break to
the remote system
\K3
Send a break to the remote modem in sequence with
data
\K5
Send a break to the remote terminal or computer in
sequence with any data received form the serial port
I
\N0
Set normal mode
I
\N1
Set direct mode
\N2
Set reliable mode
\N3
Set auto-reliable mode
\N4
Set V.42 (LAP-M) mode
Fax/Modem Command Set B-5
MNP Command Summary (continued)
Command
Description
\N5
Set V.42 auto-reliable mode
\N6
Set V.42/MNP reliable mode
\N7
Set V.42/MNP auto-reliable mode
\O
Force a reliable link Independent of whether or not the
modem originated or answered the call
\Q0
Disable flow control
\Q1
Enable XON/XOFF flow control
\Q2
Enable RTS/CTS flow control
\Q3
Enable XON/XOFF software flow control
\Q4
\Q5
Enable unidirectional hardware flow control, keeping
CTS off until connection is established
I
Unidirectional, keep CTS off until connection
established
\Q6
Kept CTS off until connection for bidirectional
hardware flow control established
\S
Display on-line modem status
\T0
Inactivity timer: Disables timer
\Tn
Sets timer to number (n) up to 90 minutes
\U
Accept a reliable link request, Independent of whether
or not the modem originated or answered the call
\V0
Disable extended MNP and V.42 result codes
\V1
Enable extended MNP and V.42 result codes
\X0
Disable XON/XOFF pass through, but still process
\X1
Enable XON/XOFF pass through and process
\Y
Establish an MNP reliable link while already connected
in direct mode
\Z
Switch to direct mode
B-6 Fax/Modem Command Set
MNP Command Summary (continued)
Command
Description
&Q5
Select error correction mode
To make an MNP5 connection:
&Q5 plus S36 = 7 (MNP)
S46 = 138 (MNP5)
S48 = 128 (Fallback. no V.42)
To make an MNP4 connection:
&Q5 plus S36 = 7 (MNP)
S46 = 133 (No compression)
S48 = 128 (Fallback, no V.42)
&Q6
Normal mode
&Y0
Recall user profile 0 at power up
&Y1
Recall user profile 1 at power up
%An
Set the auto-reliable fallback character (n=0 to 127)
%C0
Disable data compression
%C1
Enable NMP5 data compression
%D0
Hang up without clearing buffer
%D1
Clear the receive buffer before hanging up
-Cn
Maximum string length (n=6 to 250, default=32)
-D0
Set dictionary size to 512 entries and one/two-way
mode (BTLZ)
-D1
Set dictionary size to 1024 entries and one/two-way
mode (BTLZ)
-D2
Set dictionary size to 2048 entries and one/two-way
mode (BTLZ)
-D3
Set dictionary size to 4096 entries and one/two-way
mode (BTLZ)
ignore parity for special characters
Process special characters only if they have correct
parity
Fax/Modem Command Set B-7
AT Register Summary
Command
Description
Range
Unit
Default
S0
Auto-answer ring number
0-255
1 ring
000
S1
Ring counter
0-255
1 ring
000
S2
Escape code character
0-127
ASCII
043
S3
Carriage return character
0-127
ASCII
013
S4
Linefeed character
0-127
ASCII
010
S5
Backspace character
0-31,127
ASCII
008
S4
Wait time, dialing
2-255
1 sec
002
S7
Wait time, before carrier
1-255
1 sec
030
S8
Dial pause duration
0-255
1 sec
002
S9
Carrier response time
1-255
1/10 sec
006
S10
Carrier loss disconnect
1-255
1/10 sec
014
S11
Tone duration and
spacing
10-255
1/1000 sec
095
S12
Escape guard time
0-255
1/50 sec
050
S13
Reserved
—
—
—
S14
Option register
(see below)
None
—
AAH
S15
Reserved
—
—
—
S16
Self-test register
—
—
—
S17
Reserved
—
—
—
S18
Self-test timer value
—
—
—
S19
Reserved
—
—
—
S20
Reserved
—
—
—
S21
Option register
(see below)
None
—
00H
S22
Option register
(see below)
None
—
76H
B-8 Fax/Modem Command Set
AT Register Summary (continued)
Command
Description
Range
Unit
Default
S23
Option register
(see below)
None
—
07H
S24
Reserved
—
—
-
S25
DTR delay value
0-255
1/100 sec
005
S26
RTS to CTS turnaround
delay
—
—
-
I
S27
Option register
(see below)
None
—
40H
I
S37
MNP modem Iine
connect speed
—
—
—
Option Registers
S14 Bit mapped configuration register
bit 0
Unused
bit 1
0
Command echo disabled (E0)
1
Command echo enabled (default E1)
0
Result codes enabled (default Q0)
1
Result codes disabled (Q1)
0
Digit result codes (V0)
1
Word result codes (default V 1)
I
bit 2
bit 3
bit 4
Unused
bit 5
0
1
Tone dial (T)
Pulse dial (default P)
bit 6
Unused
bit 7
0
1
Answer mode
Originate mode (default)
Fax/Modem Command Set B-9
S21 Bit mapped configuration register
bit 012
Unused
bit 34
00
Modem ignores DTR (&D0)
01
ON-to-OFF transition on DTR cusses the modem to go
to the command state (&D1)
10
ON-to-OFF transition on DTR causes the modem to
hang up (default &D2)
11
ON-to-OFF transition on DTR causes the modem to
reset (&D3)
0
DCD always ON (&C0)
1
DCD tracks the actual state of the data carrier
(default &C1)
bit 5
bit 6
Unused
bit 7
0
Long Space Disconnect disabled (default Y0)
1
Long Space Disconnect enabled (Y1)
S22 Bit mapped configuration register
bit 01
bit 23
00
Speaker volume low (L0)
01
Speaker volume low (L1)
10
Speaker volume medium (default L2)
11
Speaker volume high (L3)
00
Speaker disabled (M0)
01
Speaker on until carrier detected (default M1)
10
Speaker always on (M2)
11
Speaker on until carrier detected but off during
dialing (M3)
B-10 Fax/Modem Command Set
S22 Bit mapped configuration register (continued)
bit 456
000
Select basic result code set (X0)
100
Select first extended result code set (X1)
101
bit 7
Select second extended result code set (X2)
110
Select third extended result code set (X3)
111
Select fourth extended result code set (default x4)
0
Make/Break ratio is 39/61 for US (default & P0)
1
Make/Break ratio is 33/67 for UK/HK (&P1)
S23 Bit mapped configuration register
bit 0
Unused
bit 123
000
Communications rate-300 bps
001
Communications rate-600 bps
010
Communications rate-1200 bps
011
Communications rate-2400 bps
100
Communications rate-4800 bps
101
bit 45
bit 67
Communications rate-9600 bps
I
00
Even parity selected (AT entered in even parity)
01
Space parity selected (AT entered in space parity)
10
Odd parity selected (AT entered in odd parity)
11
Mark parity selected (AT entered in mark parity)
00
No guard tone (default & G0)
01
550 Hz guard tone (&G2)
10
1800 Hz guard tone (&G2)
11
Unused
Fax/Modem Command Set B-11
S27 Bit mapped configuration register
bit 012345
I
bit 6
bit 7
Unused
0
CClTT V.22 (1200 bps); V.21 (300 bps B0)
1
Bell 212A (1200 bps)
Unused
MNP Register Summary
S36 Negotiate failure treatment
0
Hangup
1
Attempt direct connection
2
Reserved
3
Attempt normal connection
4
Attempt V.42bis then MNP 5 connection, if fail. hang UP
5 or 7
I
Attempt V.42bis then V.42, then MNP 5 connection, if fail,
negotiate MNP 2-4 with constant terminal speed
S46 Protocol selection
136 Execute LAPM protocol with no BTLZ compression
138 Execute LAPM protocol with BTLZ compression
S48 V.42 negotiation action
0
Disable the negotiation process; remote modem must be
configured the same
3
Half duplex negotiation; your modem remains silent during
detection
7
I
128
Enable negotiation
I
Disable negotiation; bypass the detection and negotiation
phases; proceed at once with the fallback action specified in S36
B-12 Fax/Modem Command Set
I
S82 Break handling; affected by \K commands
3
I Send break Immedately and save data in buffers
7
Send break Immediately and ignore data in buffers
128
Break Is sent In sequence with the transmitted data as \K5
I
Result Code Summary
Word
Number
Description
OK
0
Command executed
CONNECT
1
Connect at 300 bps
RING
2
Telephone is ringing
NO CARRIER
3
Carrier lost or not detected
ERROR
4
Command entry error
CONNECT 1200
5
Connect at 1200 bps
NO DIALTONE
6
No dial tone detected
BUSY
7
Called line was busy
NO ANSWER
8
Called Iine did not answer
CONNECT 2400
10
Connect at 2400 bps
CONNECT 1200/REL 4
22
MNP Class 4 Link
CONNECT 1200/REL 5
22
MNP Class 5 Link
CONNECT 2400/REL 4
23
MNP Class 4 Link
CONNECT 2400/REL 5
23
MNP Class 5 Link
CONNECT 1200/V.42
22
V.42 Link
CONNECT 2400/V.42
23
V.42 Link
Fax/Modem Command Set B-13
MODEM
FCC INFORMATION
FCC Part 68
This equipment complies with FCC rules, Part 68. On the underside of your computer is a
label that contains, among other things, the FCC Registration Number and Ringer
Equivalence Number (MN) for this equipment. You must, upon request, provide this
information to your telephone company.
An FCC compliant telephone cord and modular plug is provided with this equipment.
This equipment is designed to be connected to the telephone network or premises wiring
using a compatible modular jack which is Part 68 compliant. See the installation
instructions for details.
The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) is useful to determine the quantity of devices you
may connect to your telephone line and still have all of those devices ring when your
telephone number is called. In most, but not all areas, the sum of the REN's of all devices
connected to one line should not exceed five (5.0). To be certain of the number of devices
you may connect to your line, as determined by the REN, you should contact your local
telephone company to determine the maximum REN for your area.
Should this equipment cause harm to the telephone network, the telephone company shall,
where practical, notify the customer that temporary discontinuance of service may be
required; however, where prior written notice is not practical the telephone company may
discontinue service forthwith, if such action is reasonable in the circumstances. You will be
informed of your right to file a complaint with the FCC.
The telephone company may make changes in its communications facilities, equipment,
operation procedures, where such action is reasonable, required in the operation of its
business and is not inconsistent with the rules and regulations of the Federal
Communications Commission. If they do, you will be notified in advance to give you an
opportunity to maintain uninterrupted telephone service.
Do not attempt to repair or modify this equipment. If defective, return it to the person
from whom it was purchased, who will in turn arrange to return it or to have it repaired
by the manufacturer or his authorized agent. The telephone company may ask that you
disconnect this equipment from the network until the problem has been corrected or until
you are sure that the equipment is not malfunctioning. If equipment is determined to be
malfunctioning, its use shall be discontinued until the problem has been corrected.
This equipment should not be used on coin service provided by the telephone company.
Correction to party line is subject to state tariffs.
B-14
Fax/Modem Command Set
FCC COMPLIANCE STATEMENT FOR AMERICAN USERS
Note
FCC ID: JRUAM-3S25
This device complies with FCC Rules, Part 15. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The correction of a telephone company line to this equipment, other than the one supplied
with the modem, will invalidate the FCC Certification of this device. It is the responsibility
of the user to connect and use only the ferrite-loaded telephone company line supplied
with this modem.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the
user’s authority to operate this equipment.
Fax/Modem Command Set B-15
Appendix C
Specifications
This appendix lists the specifications for your ActionNote.
It also includes a table of hard disk drive types and the
specifications for international power cables.
Main Unit
CPU
486SLC microprocessor; 25 or 33 MHz
(and simulated 8 MHz) clock speed
System
memory
2MB, 4MB, or 8MB; expandable to a
maximum of 8MB; the first 640KB is
conventional memory and 128KB is used
for shadow RAM, the rest can be used as
extended or expanded memory
ROM BIOS
128KB on a single one-time PROM
(includes system BIOS, VGA BIOS, and
the Setup program)
Numeric
coprocessor
Socket for optional Cyrix Cx387SLC or
Intel 387SX multifrequency numeric
coprocessor
Clock/
calendar
Video RAM
Real-time clock, calendar, and CMOS
RAM for configuration; backed up by
built-in Dallas clock chip (DS 1287)
256KB
Specifications C-1
Controllers
Diskette drive
Built-in controller for one internal 3½-inch
diskette drive; supports 1.44MB and
720KB formats
Hard disk
Built-in controller for internal hard disk
drive
LCD
Built-in controller supporting standard
monochrome LCD; maximum resolution
of 640x480 dots
External VGA
15-pin, D-sub, female connector for analog
VGA or SVGA monitor; maximum
resolution of 800x 600 dots
Parallel
Centronics-compatible; 25-pin, D-sub,
female connector; standard 8-bit parallel
Serial (2)
RS-232C, programmable, asynchronous,
9-pin, D-sub male connector
Pointing
device or
externa/
keyboard
6-pin, mini-DIN connector for a
PS/2-type pointing device or for the
mouse/keyboard adapter (which allows
you to connect both a pointing device
and an external keyboard)
Speaker
Built-in ISA compatible speaker controller;
internal
Modem
Internal connector for fax/modem (may or
may not be installed)
Phone jack
Standard RJ-11 connector for the internal
fax/modem
C-2 Specifications
Keyboard
84/85 (US) Keys; embedded numeric
keys
and
keypad and
Mass Storage
Diskette drives
Support for one internal, 3¼-inch diskette
drive; supports 1.44MB and 720KB formats
Hard disk drive
Support for one internal hard disk drive
LCD Display
Monochrome 640 x 480 dots x 32 shades
of gray, 0.3 mm, high-contrast two-film;
paper-white, backlit by one cooled cathode
fluorescent tube (CCFT); continuous
brightness and contrast controls;
power-saving feature; brightness and
contrast enhancement
Power Supply
AC adapter
+15.5VDC, 2.4A continuous AC adapter
with international voltage input, 50/60 Hz
Battery pack
Rechargeable, internal NiCad battery pack;
8-cell, 9.6 volt, 1.7AH, 16.3W
Caution
Use only the AC adapter and battery designed for use with
the ActionNote (AC adapter model number AP-3S25 and
battery model number 8KR-1700AE).
Specifications C-3
Physical Dimensions
Height
42mm (1.6 in)
Width
280mm (11.0 in)
Depth
225 mm (8.7 in)
Weight (with
battery pack
installed)
2.5 kg (55 lbs)
Environmental Requirements
Temperature
Operating 5° to 35° C
(41° to 95° F)
Non-operating –20° to 60° C
(-4° to 140° F)
Humidity
Operating 30% to 90%
(non-condensing)
Non-operating: 5% to 95%
(non-condensing)
Acoustical
–35dB @ 1 meter
Altitude
Operating: -61 to 3048 m
(-200 to 10,000 feet)
Non-operating: –261 to 10,668 m
(-200 to 35,000 feet)
Noise
Caution
When travelling by airplane, be sure to take your computer
into the passenger compartment as carry-on luggage to
prevent it from being stored in an unpressurized storage
area.
C-4 Specifications
Power Source Requirements
120 Volt power source requirements
AC plug
Reference
Power cord
Plug type
North America
125V, 10A
ANSI C73.11
NEMA 5-15-P
IEC 83
UL/CSA Listed
Type SJT
no. 18/3AWG.
or
no. 16/3AWG or
<HAR>
300V, 10A or 13A
240 Volt power source requirements
AC plug
Plug type
Reference
standards
Power cord
Europe
240V, 10A to
16A
CEE 7/7
IEC 83
IEC 127
HD 21
<HAR>
1.00 mm2
300V, 10A
UK
240V, 10A
BS 1362
BS 1363A
IEC 83
IEC 127
HD 21
EN 60320-1
ASTA mark
<HAR>
1.00 mm2
300V, 10A
Australia
240V, 10A
AS C112
IEC 127
HD 21
<HAR>
1.00 mm2
300V, 10A
North America
240V, 15A
ANSI C73.20
NEMA 6-15-P
IEC 83
UL 198.6
UL/CSA Listed
Type SJT
No. 18/3AWG
300V, 10A
Specifications C-5
Glossary
387SX
A special-purpose CMOS integrated circuit used to assist
the microprocessor chip and speed up certain kinds of
mathematical calculations and graphics displays. The computer
has a socket to accommodate either a Cyrix Cx387SLC or an
Intel 387SX multifrequency numeric coprocessor.
486SLC
A CMOS process technology integrated circuit; the central
processing unit (CPU) of your ActionNote which controls all
the processing of your computer.
AC adapter
The device that converts AC voltage from a wall outlet into the
proper DC voltage to power your ActionNote. The AC adapter
also charges the battery pack while it is in the computer.
Address
A number or name that identifies the location of each piece of
information in the computer’s memory.
Application program
A software program that performs a specific task, such as word
processing, spreadsheet analysis, or database management.
Glossary 1
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A
standard system for encoding text characters, such as letters,
numbers, and symbols. An ASCII character occupies one byte
of storage. Many different computers, printers, and programs
can use files stored in ASCII code.
AUTOEXEC.BAT file
A batch file that MS-DOS executes automatically each time you
turn on or reset the computer. See also Batchfile.
Backlighting (or backlit)
The internal fluorescent illumination of the computer’s LCD
screen. LCD screens that are not backlit are difficult to see
without an external source of light.
Backup
A copy of a program, data file, or disk, kept in case the original
is damaged or lost.
Base memory
See Conventional memory.
Batch file
A type of file that allows you to execute a series of MS-DOS
commands by typing one command. Batch files are text files
with the filename extension, .BAT. In a batch file, each
command is entered on a separate line. When you type the
filename, MS-DOS executes each command in the file in
sequence. See also AUTOEXEC.BAT file.
2 Glossary
Baud rate
A measure of data transmission speed. Usually equivalent to
bits per second.
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System. Routines in ROM that handle the
basic input/output functions of the operating system. In the
ActionNote, the Setup program is contained in the computer’s
ROM BIOS.
Bif
A binary digit (0 or 1). The smallest unit of information a
computer can store.
Byte
A sequence or group of eight bits that represents one character
of data in the ASCII encoding system.
Character
Any number, letter, punctuation mark, or graphic symbol
which can be represented by one byte of data.
Chip
A hardware component of your system (formally known as an
integrated circuit). Examples of chips include memory chips
and the microprocessor.
Clock speed
See CPU speed.
Glossary 3
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor. A type of low
power, integrated circuit (chip).
CMOS RAM
A special type of low-power memory in your ActionNote that
records information about your system configuration. Unlike
ordinary RAM, CMOS RAM is backed up by a battery and is
not erased when you turn off the computer.
Code
A system of symbols for representing data or instructions. Also,
any software program or part of a program.
COM1
The name that MS-DOS uses to identify the primary serial port.
COM2
The name that MS-DOS uses to identify the secondary serial
port.
Command
An instruction you give the computer to direct it to perform a
specific function.
4 Glossay
Command prompt
The characters the operating system displays to indicate it is
loaded and ready to receive instructions. The MS-DOS
command prompt usually displays the current drive and
directory with a greater-than symbol (A:\> or C:\>, for
example). You can add other information to the command
prompt using the PROMPT command, described in your
MS-DOS manual.
CONFIG.SYS file
A special system file that MS-DOS executes each time you turn
on or reset the computer. You use this file to customize your
system by installing device drivers, setting limits for files and
buffers, and specifying MS-DOS commands to be run during
startup.
Configuration
The particular arrangement of the hardware components
installed in or attached to your computer. For example, your
configuration might include the built-in 3½-inch diskette drive,
a hard disk, a trackball, and an internal modem.
Control code
A command (generated by holding down
and pressing
another key on the keyboard) that instructs the computer to
perform a specific function.
Controller
A hardware component of your computer that manages the
operation of the display, hard disk, or diskette drive.
Glossary 5
Conventional memory
The amount of memory in the computer below lMB that is
available to MS-DOS and application programs-usually
640KB. Also called base memory or main memory.
Coprocessor
An optional integrated circuit (chip) that assists the CPU in
performing certain numeric calculations faster. See also 387SX.
Copy-protected program
A type of program that cannot be copied. Some copy-protected
programs require you to leave the program diskette in the
diskette drive while you are using it. Some also require the
computer to be running at low speed instead of high speed.
CPU
Central Processing Unit. The integrated circuit (chip)
responsible for integrating program instructions, performing
calculations, and controlling all input and output operations.
CPU speed
The speed at which the CPU can execute commands. The
ActionNote can run at 25 or 33 MHz (Turbo) or 8 MHz
(Normal). Also called clock speed, execution speed, or
operating speed.
CRT
Cathode Ray Tube. A type of video display, such as a color
monitor or a TV screen.
6 G lossa r y
Cursor
The highlighted marker that shows your position on the screen
and moves as you enter and delete data.
Cylinder
A set of tracks in a hard disk which can be lined up under one
read/write head. The number of tracks in a disk is equal to the
number of cylinders times the number of heads.
Data
The information a computer stores or processes.
Data diskette
A formatted diskette you use to store data files.
Data file
A file you create using an application program (for example, a
memo created by a word processor), as opposed to a file
containing program code.
Default
A value or setting that takes effect when you turn on or reset
the computer. Also, the response to a command that the system
uses unless you provide a different response.
Device
A piece of equipment that is part of a computer system and
performs a specific task, such as your hard disk, diskette drive,
or printer.
Glossary 7
Device driver
See Driver.
Diagnostics
The tests and procedures the computer performs to check its
internal circuitry and set up its configuration.
DIP switch
Dual In-line Package switch. A small switch on a piece of
hardware, such as a printer, that controls a particular function,
Directory
A group of files stored in a particular area on a disk; part of a
structure for organizing files into groups.
Disk
A general term meaning either a diskette or a hard disk. See
also Diskette and Hard disk.
Disk drive
The physical device that allows the computer to read from and
write to a disk. A diskette drive has a slot into which you insert
a diskette. A hard disk is permanently sealed inside its own
container.
Diskette
A flat piece of flexible plastic coated with magnetic material
and used to store data. Also called a floppy disk.
8 Glossary
Diskette drive
The physical device that enables the computer to read from and
write to a diskette.
Double-density
A type of diskette format. A 3½-inch, double-density diskette
has a capacity of 720KB.
Drive
See Disk drive.
Driver
A program that controls a specific piece of equipment in the
system. Examples of drivers include expanded memory
managers, display drivers, printer drivers, and mouse drivers.
Embedded numeric keypad
See Numeric keypad.
EMS or Expanded memory
Memory that can be used by applications and programs
conforming to version 4.0 of the Lotus/Intel/Microsoft (LIM)
Expanded memory Specification (EMS). Expanded memory
does not have addresses like conventional or extended memory.
Expansion memory module
See Memory module.
Glossary 9
Extended memory
Memory with addresses above lMB. Extended memory is
generally not available to MS-DOS applications but can be used
by some RAM disk programs, such as VDISK, and some hard
disk caching programs, such as SMARTDRV. Extended
memory can also be used with OS/2 and some versions of
Windows.
External device
See Peripheral device.
FDD
Floppy disk drive. See Diskette drive.
File
A group of related pieces of information (sometimes called
records or entries) stored together on a disk. Text files consist of
words and sentences. Program files consist of codes, which
computers use to perform instructions.
Floppy disk
See Diskette.
Fn
A key provided on the ActionNote keyboard to access alternate
key functions for the embedded numeric keypad and the
and
keys.
Format
To prepare a new disk (or erase an old one) so that it can store
information. Formatting a disk divides it into tracks and sectors
and creates addressable locations on it.
10 Glossary
Graphics
Lines, angles, curves, and other non-alphanumeric data.
Hard disk
A sealed mass storage device you use to store large amounts of
data.
HDD
Hard disk drive. See Hard disk.
Hexadecimal
A base 16 numbering system commonly used by programmers.
Any decimal number between 0 and 255 can be represented by
a two-digit hexadecimal number in the range O through FF.
High-density
A type of diskette format. A 3½-inch, high-density diskette has
a capacity of 1.44MB.
Input/Output (I/O) port
See Port.
Integrated circuif
See Chip.
Interface
A hardware or software connection used to transmit data
between equipment or programs.
Glossary 1 1
KB
Kilobyte. A unit used to measure storage space in a computer’s
memory or on a disk. One kilobyte equals 1,024 bytes.
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display. A thin, backlit panel containing
thousands of pixels that can be turned on and off individually
by electric currents. Used as the main display on most portable
computers.
LED
Light Emitting Diode. An indicator light such as those used for
the ActionNote power, disk drives, and keyboard settings.
LIM EMS 4.0
Lotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory Specification
version 4. A standard that enables certain applications to use
more than 640KB of memory.
Main memory
See Base memory.
Math coprocessor
See Coprocessor.
Megabyte. A unit used to measure storage space in a
computer’s memory or on a disk. One megabyte equals
1,048,76 bytes or 1024KB.
12 Glossary
Megahertz
See MHz.
Memory
The area where the computer stores data. Memory contents
may be permanent (ROM) or temporary (RAM). See also ROM
and RAM.
Memory module
An optional card that adds 2MB or 6MB of extended memory
to your computer. (Also called an extension memory module.)
Memory-resident program
A program that remains in RAM so you can access it while
another program is running.
MHz
Megahertz. A unit used to measure the oscillation frequency of
a computer’s internal timing clock. One megahertz is one
million cycles per second.
Microprocessor
A CPU chip, such as the 486SLC. See CPU.
Modem
Modulator/Demodulator. A serial device that allows the
computer to send and receive data over the telephone lines.
Monitor
A device that contains a screen and displays keyboard input
and other information. See also CRT.
Glossary 13
MS-DOS
A common operating system for IBM-compatible computers
developed by Microsoft. See also Operating system.
NiCad
Nickel-cadmium. The type of battery used by your ActionNote.
Numeric coprocessor
See Coprocessor.
Numeric keypad
The embedded numeric keypad in the ActionNote keyboard,
which you can activate either by turning on the Num Lock
function or by holding down the
keys.
Operating speed
See CPU speed.
Operating system
A collection of programs (for example, MS-DOS) that control
the operation of a computer. The operating system determines
how programs run on the computer and supervises all input
and output. See also MS-DOS.
Parallel
Away of organizing communications between two pieces of
computer equipment, in which the signals that makeup each
character are sent simultaneously. See also Serial.
14 Glossary
Parameter
A qualifier added to a command that tells the computer how to
perform the command (such as what data file to use or what
particular conditions to expect). For example, in the command
FORMAT A:, the A: parameter tells the computer to format the
diskette in drive A. See also Switch.
Partition
The area defined on a hard disk to run an operating system.
Also, to divide a hard disk into separate logical drives.
Pathname
The list of directories the MS-DOS operating system must
search through to locate a file. For example, the pathname for a
file named CONTRACT.TXT that is located in the BUSINESS
subdirectory is \BUSINESS\CONTRACT.TXT.
Peripheral device
An external device, such as a printer or mouse, connected to the
computer.
Port
An input/output connection on a computer to which you can
attach a peripheral device.
Power-on diagnostics
A set of testing routines the computer performs automatically
every time you turn it on.
Program
A file that contains coded instructions telling the computer
what to do and how to do it.
Glossary 15
Prompt
A message on the screen that requests information or tells you
the action you need to perform next. See also Command prompt.
RAM
Random Access Memory. The portion of the computer’s
memory that runs programs and temporarily stores data while
you work. All data stored in RAM is temporarily maintained
while the computer is in Suspend mode, but erased when you
turn off the computer. You must save any data you want to
keep on a diskette or hard disk. See also ROM.
Read
To copy data from one area to another. For example, when you
open a text file stored on disk, the computer reads the data
from the disk and displays it on the screen.
Read/write head
The physical device inside a disk drive that reads and records
data on the magnetic surface of a disk.
Real-time clock
A battery-powered clock in the computer that keeps track of
the current time and date even when the computer’s power is
off.
Reset
To reload a computer’s operating system so you can retry a
task or begin using a different operating system. Resetting
erases any information stored in RAM.
16 Glossary
ROM
Read Only Memory. The portion of the computer’s memory
that contains permanent instructions and cannot be modified.
Unlike RAM, ROM retains its contents even after you turn off
the computer. See also RAM.
ROM BIOS
See BIOS.
Root directory
The top-level MS-DOS directory on a diskette or hard disk.
The root directory is desigmted by a backslash (\). All other
directories are subdirectories of the root directory, or of other
subdirectories.
RS-232C
A standard serial interface. The ActionNote has a connector
that lets you attach an RS-232C-compatible device to your
computer.
Sector
A contiguous section of a disk track that provides an address at
which the computer can access data.
Self tests
See Power-on diagnostics.
Serial
A way of organizing communications between two pieces of
computer equipment, in which the signals that makeup each
character are sent sequentially. See also Parallel.
Glossary 17
Setup
The program you run to define the configuration settings and
Power Mamgement options of your computer.
Shadow RAM
The function that copies the system video ROM into RAM to
speed up processing.
Software
The programs that enable the computer to perform the tasks
and functions you indicate.
Subdirectory
A disk directory that branches down from another directory or
from the root directory.
Suspend mode
The power-saving mode your computer enters after you slide
the suspend/resurne switch to the right or it detects a standby
timeout period specified in the Setup program.
Switch
An option you can add to a command that modifies the way
the command works. Switches are usually preceded by a /
(forward slash). For example, if you add the/S switch to the
FORMAT command, MS-DOS installs the operating system on
a diskette as it formats it. See also Parameter.
System disk
A disk containing one of the operating systems used by your
computer.
18 Glossary
Timeout period
An amount of time you can specify using the Setup program; if
the selected device is not accessed for the specified amount of
time, the computer enters Suspend mode.
Track
A circular region on a diskette, which is divided into sectors.
Each side of a 1.44MB, 1.2MB, or 720KB diskette has 80
concentric tracks. Each side of a 360KB diskette has 40 tracks.
Utility program
A type of program designed to allow you to change computer
settings and perform useful applications. The utility programs
for your ActionNote are included on the Reference diskette.
VGA
Video Graphics Array. A type of high-resolution display
adapter. The VGA capabilities of the ActionNote can display
resolutions up to 640 x 480 on the LCD screen and up to
800 x 600 on an external VGA monitor.
Write
To record data on a disk.
Write-prefect
To prevent a diskette from being overwritten. When a diskette
is write-protected, you cannot erase, change, or record over its
contents.
Glossary 19
Index
A
AC adapter,
connecting, 1-8-9,1-11
low battery, 3-6
problems, A-5
recharging battery, 3-5
specifications, C-3
using, 3-1
Acoustical noise, C-4
Adapter,
automobile cigarette lighter,
Intro-3
mouse/keyboard, Intro-1, 1-2,
4-7,4-9
Advanced chipset settings, 5-1,
5-10-11
Advanced CMOS settings, 5-1,
5-7-10
key, 2-7
Altitude,C-4
Application programs,
device drivers, 4-8
problems, A-11-12
VGA drivers, 7-2
AT command summary, B-24
AT register summary, B-8-12
AT-type keyboard, 4-7
Auto interleave, 5-15
AUTOEXEC.BAT file, 4-7
B
Backin up hard disk, 2-16
key, 2-7
Backup copies, diskettes, 2-15
Basic input/output system, 5-1, C-1
Battery compartment cover, 1-7
Battery pack(s),
disposal, 3-6
extra, Intro-3
problems, A4
recharging, 3-5-6
replacing, 3-2
specifications, C-3
unpacking, 1-2
using, 3-2
Battery power, saving, Intro-2, 2-17
Baud rate, serial port, 4-6
BIOS, 5-1, C-1
Break key, 2-8
Brightness
control, 2-12
switch, 1-4,2-12
Built-in VGA adapter, 7-1
C
key, 2-7
Caps Lock LED, 1-5
carrying case, 2
Centronics-compatible printer, 4-4
Charging battery pack, 3-5
Charging LED, 1-5,3-5
Clock/calendar, C-1
CMOS battery problems, A-14
CMOS RAM, 5-1, A-14
COM port(s), 1-7,4-2,4-5-7
Command, stopping, 2-9
Command set, fax/modem, B-1-13
Command state, fax/modem, B-1
Computer,
care, 2-1
locks up, A-7-8
powering, 3-1-8
problems, A-1–14
resetting, 2-10
setting up, 1-1–13
turning off, 2-11
Index
1
Computer (continued),
turning on, 1-11–13
unpacking, 1-2
using, 2-1–19
won’t start, A-3
Configuration,
automatic, 5-4
standard, 1–2
system, 1-12, 5-1–15
Connecting,
AC adapter, 1-8-9
external keyboard, 4-9
external monitor, 4-2–3
internal fax/ modem, 4-9–10
optional devices, 4-1-19
parallel printer, 4-4-5
pointing device, 4-9
serial device, 4-5-7
trackball, 4-8-9
Conserving battery power,
using Setup, 3-8
using VGACONF, 7-8-9
Contrast,
control, 2-12
switch, 14,2-12
Controllers, C-2
Conventional memory, 2-17-18
Conventions, manual, 6
Coprocessor, see Numeric
coprocessor
Copying Reference diskette, 2-3
CPU,
specifications, C-1
speed, changing, 2-11
D
Dallas clock chip, A-14, C-1
Data communications software,
Intro-2, 4-10
DC input port, 1-6,1-9
key, 2-8,5-2
Device drivers, 4-8-9
DIAG.BAT (batch) file, 2-3,6-2
Diagnostics, see System diagnostics
Dial modifiers, fax/modem, B-4
Dimensions, physical, CA
Directories, Reference diskette, 2-3
Diskette drive(s), 1-6,2-13,
2-15-16, C-3
controller, C-2
error messages, 6-9
external, 3
problems, A-10
testing, 6-1,6-7
write, read checks, 6-1
Diskette(s),
backup copies, 2-15
choosing, 2-12
inserting and removing, 2-13
problems, A-9
Reference, 2-3
using, 2-12-16
write-protecting, 2-14
Display,
characteristics, 4-3
drivers, 7-2
modes, 7-8
status, VGACONF, 7-7
Disposal, battery pack, 3-6
Dot matrix printer(s), testing, 6-1
Drive light, 1-6,6-7
E
Cursor control, 2-7
Cyrix Cx387SLC coprocessor, 2-3,
4-16, C-1
2 Index
Embedded numeric keypad, see
Numeric keypad
EMM386.EXE memory manager,
2-19
key, 2-7
key, 2-7
Environmental requirements, CA
Epson Connection, Intro-3-4
Error messages,
power-on diagnostics, A-3
system diagnostics, 6-8-10
key, 2-7
Expanded memory, 2-19
Expansion memory module, see
Memory module
EXT KB port, 1-8,4-2,4-7-9
Extended memory, 2-17-19
External diskette drive, Intro-3, 4-4
External keyboard,
connecting, 4-9
controller, C-2
port, 1-8,4-2,4-7-9
External monitor,
blank, A-6-7
connecting, 4-2–3
External VGA,
controller, C-2
port, 1-7
F
keys, 2-8
Fax transmission software, Intro-2,
4-10
Fax/modem,
AT command summary, B-2-4
AT register summary, B-8-12
command set, 4-10, B-1-13
command state, B-1
connecting, 4-5, 4-9–10
controller, C-2
dial modifiers, B-4
FCC information, B-14-15
issuing commands, B-1
MNP command summary, B-5-7
MNP register summary, B-12-13
on-line state, B-1
option registers, B-9-12
result code summary, B-13
FCC information, modem, B-14-15
key, 2-7-8
G
Graphic configuration, 7-6
H
Hard disk drive,
auto interleave, 5-15
backing up, 2-16
controller, C-2
error messages, 6-9
format, 5-14-15
LED, 1-5
low-level format, 5-13
media analysis, 5-15
problems, 5-13, A-10-11
testing, 6-1,6-7
timeout, 5-11
using, 2-16-17
utility, 5-13-15
write, read checks, 6-1
Help, Intro-3-4
HIMEM.SYS memory manager,
2-19
key, 2-7
Humidity, CA
I
IBM VGA, 7-1
Insert key, 2-8
Inserting diskettes, 2-13
Intel 387SX coprocessor, 2-3, 4-16,
C-1
Internal fax/modem, see
Fax/modem
Issuing commands, fax/modem,
B-1
Index
3
K
Keyboard,
error messages, 6-9
removing, 411–13
replacing, 418-19
specifications, C-3
testing, 6-1,6-8
using, 2-5-9
Keyboard area, 1-4
Keypad, 2-9
Keytop sets, 2-5
L
LCD screen,
blank, A-6
controller, C-2
display characteristics, 4-3
resolution, 1-4,7-2
specifications, C-3
standby mode, 7-8
timeout, 5-11
using, 2-12
LEDs, 1-5,2-8
LINE port, 1-7,4-2,4-10
Lotus 1-2-3 VGA drivers, 2-3,7-2-4
Low battery LED, 1-5,3-6, A-4
M
Main unit, specifications, C-1
Manual conventions, Intro-6
Mass storage, C-3
Math coprocessor, see Numeric
coprocessor
Media analysis, 5-15
Memory,
addresses, 2-17–18
erasing, 2-10
error messages, 6-9
managers, 2-19
specifications, C-1
system, 4-13
using, 2-17–19
4
Index
Memory module,
adding, 4-11–15
installing, 4-13-16
problems, A-13
Microprocessor, Intro-1, C-1
Microsoft Windows, 2-3,7-2,745
MNP command summary,
fax/modem, B-5-7
MNP register summary,
fax/modem, B-12-13
Modem, see Fax/modem
Modem FCC information, B-14-15
Mouse/keyboard adapter, Intro-1,
1-2,4-7,4-9
MS-DOS,
application programs, 2-7
keyboard layouts, 2-5
memory, 2-18-19
MODE command, 4-7
operating systems, 1-12-13
starting up, 1-12-13
VER command, A-2
version number, A-2
VGA drivers, 7-2
N
NiCad battery pack, see Battery
pack
Normal speed, Intro-2, 2-11
Num Lock function, 2-9,2-11
key, 2-8
Num Lock LED, 1-5
Numeric coprocessor,
adding, 4-11,4-16-17
error messages, 6-9
problems, A-13
removing, 4-17
specifications, C-1
testing, 6-1,6-7
Numeric keypad, 2-5,2-9,2-11
O
On-line state, fax/modem, B-1
On-Site Warranty Service, Intro-4
Opening screen, 1-10
Operating system(s), 1-12,4-8
Option registers, fax/modem,
B-9-12
Optional devices, Intro-3, 4-1–19,
5-1
P
Parallel port,
controller, C-2
error messages, 6-9
PRINTER port, 1-7
testing, 6-1,6-7
Parallel printer, connecting, 4-4-5
Password,
changing, 5-12-13
current, 2-4
function, 5-2
problems, A-8
setup, 2-4
system, 2-4
typing, 2-4–5
using, 2-4-5
Pause key, 2-8
key, 2-7
key, 2-7
Phone jack,
connecting fax/modem, 4-9-10
controller, C-2
LINE port, 1-7
Physical dimensions, C-4
Pointing device,
connecting, 4-5,4-9
controller, C-2
enabling, 4-9
Ports, 1-7-8
Power,
button, 1-6, A-3
cable, 1-2,1-9
LED, 1-5
management, 3-8,5-10-11
source requirements, C-5
supply, C-3
Power-on diagnostics, 1-11, A-2-3
Powering computer, 3-1-8
Primary parallel port, 4-5
PRINTER port, 1-7,4-2,4-4
Printer problems, A-12
Processing speeds, 2
Program, stopping, 2-9
Protocol, serial ports, 4-7
key, 2-8
PS/2 compatible
keyboard, Intro-3, 4-7
mouse, 4-9
pointing device, Intro-1, 4-7,4-9,
C-2
Q
Quick Reference guide, 1-2
R
RAM (random access memory),
Intro-1, 2-19, A-3
Read-only memory (ROM), 5-1,
A-3
Recharging, battery, 3-5-6
Reference diskette, 1-2,2-3,6-2,
7-1,7-3,7-5-6
Release button, 1-6
Release latches, 1-10
Removable battery pack, 3-1
Removing,
diskettes, 2-13
keyboard, 4-11-13
Replacing,
battery pack, 3-2-4
keyboard, 4-18-19
Index
5
Reserved memory, 2-17–18
Resetting computer, 2-10
Resolutions, VGA, 7-1-5, C-2
Result code summary,
fax/modem, B-13
ROM BIOS, 5-1, A-2, C-1
Runtime Error information box, 6-6
S
Saving battery power, 2-17
Screen, opening, 1-10
key, 2-8
Scroll Lock LED, 1-5
Security, see Password
Serial device, connecting, 4-5-7
Serial number, A-2
Serial ports,
COM 1 and COM 2, 1-7
connecting, 4-5-7
controller, C-2
error messages, 6-9
settings, checking, 4-7
testing, 6-1,6-7
Serial printer, 4-5
Setting up computer, 1-1–13
Setup program,
changing, 5-3-4
identifying a pointing device,
4-9
password security, 2-4
power management options, 3-8,
5-10-11
running, 5-1–15
settings, saving, 5-4-5
starting, 5-2–5
system startup). 1-12
Shades of gray, Intro-1, 1-4
key, 2-7,2-17,3-7
Simultaneous display, 7-2,7-8
Single diskette drive system,
using, 2-15-16
6 Index
Software,
data communications, 4-10
fax transmission, 4-10
Lotus 1-2-3,2-3,7-2-4
problems, A-11-12
Windows, 1-2,1-13
WordPerfect, 2-3,7-2,7-5-6
Speaker, controller, C-2
Special keys, 2-7-8
Specifications, C-l–5
Speed, Intro-2
Standard CMOS setup,
changing, 5-5-6
settings, 5-1,5-6
Standard configuration, Intro-l-2
Standard VGA monitor, 7-2
Standby timer, VGACONF, 7-8
Stopping command or program,
2-9
Suspend mode, Intro-2, 3-7,7-8
Suspend mode LED, 1-5
Suspend/resume switch,
location, 1-4
saving battery power, 2-17
using, 3-7
SVGA monitor, 7-1
key, 2-8
System,
configuration screen, 1-12
identifying, A-2
password security, 2-4
testing, 6-1–10
timeout, 5-11
System BIOS, version number, A-2
System board,
error messages, 6-8-9
memory, 4-13
testing, 6-1,6-7
System configuration, 1-12, 5-1–15
System diagnostics,
adding tests, 6-4
deleting tests, 6-3
error messages, 6-8-10
System diagnostics (continued),
execute menu, 6-5
Reference diskette, 2-3
resuming from an error, 6-3
running tests, 6-5-6
starting, 6-24
tests, 6-7-8
System memory, see also Memory
specifications, C-1
testing, 6-1,6-7
System parts, identifying, 1-3-8
T
key, 2-7
Telecommunications software, B-1
Telephone cable, 1-2,4-10
Telephone line, 4-9
Temperature, CA
Terminate-and-stay resident (TSR)
programs, 6-2
Testing system, 6-1–10
Text mode, 7-3
Timeout counters, 5-11
Timeout period, hard disk, 2-17
Trackball,
attaching, 4-8
connecting, 4-8-9
Logitech Trackman, Intro-2
Traveling, CA
Troubleshooting, A-1-14
Turbo speed, Intro-2, 2-11
Turning off computer, 2-11
Turning on computer, 1-11-13
Typing password, 2-4-5
U
Unpacking computer, 1-2
US keyboard, 2-6
Utilities, 2-3,7-1-11
V
VGA,
adapter, built-in, 7-1
BIOS, C-1
display characteristics, 4-3
monitor, 4-2,7-1,7-8
resolutions, Intro-1, 1-4
VGA drivers,
applications, 7-2
installing, 7-3-6
Reference diskette, 2-3
using, 7-1
VGA utilities,
program, 2-3
using, 7-1–11
VGACONF utility,
command line prompt, 7-9
controlling display, 7-2
display status, 7-7
options, 7-7,7-10-11
parameters, 7-10-11
settings, 7-7
using, 7-6-11
VGACONF.EXE file, 7-6
Video adapter, testing, 6-1,6-8
Video graphics array, see VGA
VIDEO port, 1-7,4-2-3
Video RAM, C-1
W
Windows, see Microsoft Windows
WordPerfect, VGA drivers, 2-3,
7-2,7-5-6
Write, read checks, 6-1
Write-protecting, diskettes, 2-14
Index
7
Epson Overseas Marketing Locations
Epson Deutschland GmbH
Zülpicher Straße 6,
4000 Düsseldorf 11
Germany
Phone 211-56030
Telex 41-8584786
Epson France S.A.
B.P. 320,68 Bis Rue Marjolin
92305 Levallois-Perret Cedex
France
Phone 33-1-4737-3333
Telex: 42-10657
Epson Iberica, S.A.
Avda. de Roma 18-26
08290 Cerdanyola del valles
08036 Barcelona, Spain
Phone: 3-582-15-00
Fax: 3-582-15-55
Telex 50129
Epson Italia s.p.a.
V.le F.lli Casiraghi, 427
20099 Sesto S. Giovanni
Milano, Italy
Phone: 2-262331
Fax 2-2440641 or 2-2440750
Telex 315132
Epson Hong Kong Ltd.
25/ F., Harbour Centre,
25 Harbour Road
Wanchai, Hong Kong
Phone: 831-4600
Fax: 572-5792
Telex 65542 EPSCO HX
Epson Australia Pty. Ltd.
17 Rodborough Road
Frenchs Forest, N.S.W. 2086
Australia
Phone: 2-4524-0666
Fax 2-51-0251
Telex 71-75052
Epson Electronics Trading Ltd.
Taiwan Branch
10F, No. 287, Nanking E. Road,
Sec. 3, Taipei, Taiwan R.O.C.
Phone: 886-2-717-7360
Free phone: 886-080-211172
Fax: 886-2-712-9164
Telex 785-24444
Epson Singapore Pte. Ltd.
No. 1 Raffles Place #26-00,
Oub Centre, Singapore 0104
Phone: 533-0477
Telex 87-39536
Epson (U.K.) Ltd.
Business Management Dept. (PC)
Campus 100, Maylands Avenue
Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire,
HP27EZ, UK
Phone 044261144
Free phone linkline 0800289622
Fax: 0422227227
Telex 51-824767