Simplicity 1693651 860M Operator`s manual

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OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
Large Frame
Snowthrower
860M LargeFrame Snowthrower
Mfg. No.
1693650
1693651
1693763
1693775
Description
860M, 8HP Snowthrower
860M, 8HP Snowthrower (Export)
860M, 8HP Snowthrower
860M, 8HP Snowthrower (Export)
1720535-01
Rev 4/2000
TP 100-2292-01-LW-S
MANUFACTURING, INC.
500 N Spring Street / PO Box 997
Port Washington, WI 53074-0997
www.simplicitymfg.com
© Copyright 2000, Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc.
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Table Of Contents
REGULAR MAINTENANCE
Normal Care Chart ................................................12
Off-Season Storage ..............................................12
Starting After Storage ...........................................12
Checking Auger Gear Case Lubrication ...............12
Checking Tire Pressure ........................................13
Lubrication ............................................................13
TROUBLESHOOTING, ADJUSTMENT, & SERVICE
Troubleshooting Chart .....................................14-15
Traction Drive System Adjustment........................16
Speed Selector Pivot Adjustment ....................16
Traction Drive Clutch Rod & Spring Adj ...........16
Auger Drive System Adjustment ...........................17
Auger Drive Clutch Rod Adjustment ................17
Belt Replacement..................................................18
Shear Pin Replacement ........................................19
Discharge Control Adjustment ..............................20
Chute Direction Control Bracket Adjustment ........20
SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................21
REPLACEMENT PARTS & ACCESSORIES .............22
TECHNICAL MANUAL AVAILABILITY .....................22
SAFETY RULES
General ...................................................................2
Preparation .............................................................2
Operation ................................................................3
Maintenance & Storage ..........................................3
Safety Decals ..........................................................4
CONTROL REFERENCE CHART
Snowthrower Controls.............................................5
Engine Controls ......................................................5
CONTROLS
Starting Controls .....................................................6
Ground Speed Controls ..........................................7
Auger Control ..........................................................7
Deflector Controls ...................................................7
Scraper Height Control ...........................................7
Traction Lock Control ..............................................7
OPERATION
General ...................................................................8
Checks Before Each Start-Up .................................8
Starting The Engine ................................................9
Operating The Snowthrower ...................................9
Engine Speed .........................................................9
Ground Speed Selector ........................................10
Deflector................................................................10
Scraper Bar & Skid Shoes ....................................10
FreeWheeling/Traction Drive Lock........................11
After Each Use ......................................................11
For easy reference, please record the
information on the chart below.
WARNING
You must read, understand and comply with all safety
and operating instructions in this manual before
attempting to set-up and operate your snowthrower.
The Snowthrower Reference Data can be found on the
identification tag located on the unit’s rear frame. (Refer
to the Engine Owner’s Manual for location of engine
information serial number.)
Failure to comply with all safety and operating
instructions can result in loss of machine control,
serious personal injury to you and /or bystanders,
and risk of equipment and property damage. The
triangle in the text signifies important cautions or
warnings which must be followed.
SNOWTHROWER REFERENCE DATA
Model Description/Number
M/N (Manufacturer’s Number)
S/N (Serial Number)
Dealer Name
Date Purchased
WARNING
ENGINE REFERENCE DATA
Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals
known, in certain quantities, to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive harm.
Engine Make/Model
© Copyright 2000 Simplicity Manufacturing, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed In USA.
TP 100-2292-01-LW-S
1
Engine ID/Serial Number
Safety Rules
WARNING
WARNING
This unit is a “two-stage” snowthrower.
To avoid serious injury, do not put your hands into
the auger housing or discharge chute. If auger stalls
or chute becomes plugged, use the following procedure to remove objects or clear the chute:
The first stage is the auger, which feeds the snow
back into the impeller housing. The second stage is
the impeller, which throws the snow out the discharge chute. If bodily contact is made with the auger
or impeller when they are rotating, severe personal
injury will occur.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
To avoid injury, keep others and yourself away from
the auger and the discharge chute whenever the
engine is running. Read and follow all of the safety
rules and warnings in this manual.
GENERAL
Release both the Drive and Auger Control levers.
Shut off the engine.
Remove the Engine Key.
Wait for moving parts to stop.
Disconnect spark plug wire.
Use a narrow board to remove foreign objects
and clear the chute or auger. Never put your
hands into the auger or discharge chute.
PREPARATION
• Read the Operator’s Manual carefully. Be thoroughly
familiar with all controls and proper equipment use.
• Never attempt to make any adjustment while engine
is running.
• Never allow children to operate the machine. Do not
allow adults to operate it without proper instruction.
• Thoroughly inspect the area where the snowthrower
is to be used and remove all objects such as door
mats, sleds, boards, wires and sticks.
• Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particularly small children and pets.
• Disengage all clutches (release Drive and Auger
Control levers) before starting engine.
• Never discharge material toward any person or pet.
a. snowthrower is in good operating condition;
• Do not operate snowthrower without wearing proper
winter clothing. Wear footwear which improves footing on slippery surfaces.
b. all safety devices and shields are in place and
working;
• Adjust Skid Shoe height to clear gravel or crushed
rock surface.
c. all adjustments are correct.
• Handle gasoline with care - it is highly flammable.
• Make sure:
a. Use approved gasoline container.
b. Never remove the fuel tank cap or add gasoline to
a running or hot engine.
c. Never fill the fuel tank indoors.
d. Wipe up spilled gasoline.
• Do not run engine indoors. Exhaust fumes are deadly.
03
2
Safety Rules
OPERATION
MAINTENANCE & STORAGE
• Keep hands and feet away from rotating parts. Keep
clear of discharge opening at all times.
• Keep all nuts, bolts and screws tight to ensure that
the equipment is in safe operating condition.
• Always clear snow up and down the face of slopes,
never across the face. Use extreme caution when
changing direction on slopes. Do not attempt to clear
slopes over 17.7% (10o).
• Never store equipment with gasoline in the tank in a
building where fumes may reach an open flame or
spark. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any
enclosure.
• Use extreme caution when operating on or crossing
gravel drives, walks or roads. Stay alert for hidden
hazards and traffic.
• Always refer to the Operator’s Manual for important
details if snowthrower is to be stored for an extended
period.
• Be especially careful not to touch snowthrower parts
which might be hot from operation. Allow such parts
to cool before attempting to maintain, adjust or service.
• Run auger drive a few seconds after completion of
throwing snow to help clear out snow and prevent
icing and freeze-up on unit.
• If unit starts to vibrate abnormally, disengage drives
and stop the engine. Check immediately for the
cause. Vibration is generally a warning of trouble.
• Before leaving operator’s position for any reason:
- shut off engine,
- remove the Engine Key and
- wait for all moving parts to stop.
• Before cleaning, repairing or inspecting the unit,
make certain all moving parts have stopped. Remove
the key and then disconnect the spark plug wire to
prevent accidental starting.
• Always use a grounded, 3-wire plug receptacle for
electric starting.
• Adjust snow discharge angle for safe flow when operating near glass enclosures, automobiles, window
wells, drop-offs, etc.
• Do not overload machine capacity by clearing snow
at too fast a ground speed.
• Never operate machine at high transport speeds on
slippery surfaces. Use care when backing up.
• Disengage Auger Control when transporting or not in
use.
• Never operate the snowthrower without good visibility
or light. Always be sure of your footing.
• Do not change the engine governor settings or overspeed the engine.
• Never direct the discharge chute at bystanders; nor
allow anyone in front of the unit while it is operational.
• Never operate this machine without all of the proper
guards or other safety protective devices in place.
03
3
Safety Decals
SAFETY DECALS
Safety warning decals are placed at strategic locations on the snowthrower as a constant reminder to the operator of the most important safety precautions. All warning, caution and instructional messages on your snowthrower should be carefully read and obeyed. If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them at once. They
can be purchased from your local dealer.
WARNING
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY
• Read Owner’s Manual before operating unit.
• Never allow children to operate snowthrower.
• Always direct discharge chute so as to avoid injury
to persons—or damage to property
• Stop engine and disconnect spark plug wire before
removing debris or servicing unit.
• Keep all shields and guards in place while running.
Part No. 1715556
WARNING / Main Dash Decal
DANGER
DANGER
AVOID INJURY
FROM ROTATING
BLOWER!
Shut off engine
before unclogging
discharge chute.
1716533
Part No. 1716533
Discharge Chute Danger Decal
Part No. 1715555
Auger Control Decal
AVOID INJURY
FROM ROTATING
AUGER!
1716532
Keep hands, feet,
and clothing away.
Part No. 1716532
Auger Danger Decal
Additional engine safety and control decals are supplied by the engine manufacturer. See your local Tecumseh dealer.
03
4
Controls
SNOWTHROWER CONTROLS
A
B
Speed
Selector
Selects Forward Speeds 1 - 5,
Reverse Speeds 1 - 2
Drive Control
Engages drive to wheels as it is
depressed; disengages when
released.
C
Auger Control
Engages auger/impeller as it is
depressed; disengages when
released.
D
Chute Direction
Control
Rotates discharge chute to
desired direction
E
Chute
Deflector
Controls vertical angle snow is
thrown.
F
Chute
Deflector Knob
Locks chute deflector at desired
angle
G Skid Shoes
Controls height of scraper bar
H
Traction
Lock Pins
Engages for drive and
disengages for free-wheeling
I
Headlight
(optional)
Fore use in low sunlight.
A
F
E
B
D
C
I
H
G
Figure 1. Snowthrower Controls
ENGINE CONTROLS
A
Electric Start
Button
(Optional)
B Fuel Valve
Turns fuel supply on or off.
C Starter Handle
Used to start engine
A
B
Activates electric starter
C
G
D Primer Button
Primes carburetor for faster cold
starting.
E
Controls engine speed
D
Throttle Lever
F
F
Engine Key
G Choke Knob
Figure 2. Engine Controls
Prevents starting of engine without key. Stops engine when
removed.
Adjusts air/fuel mixture
03
5
E
Controls
STARTING CONTROLS
A
B
Electric Start Units Only
A. Electric Start Button - The Electric Start Button
(A, Figure 3) activates an electric starter mounted to
the engine, eliminating the need to pull the starter
handle. The Electric Start Button operates on 120
Volts AC, which is provided by connection to the
extension cord provided with units equipped with this
feature. Connect this extension cord ONLY to a
properly grounded 3 prong electrical outlet.
C
G
All Models
B. Fuel Valve - The fuel valve (B, Figure 3) is located
under the fuel tank. It is used to turn the fuel supply
off for out-of-season storage.
D
F
C. Starter Handle - The starter handle (C, Figure 3)
connects to a starter cord to manually start the
engine. Pulling starter handle rapidly spins the engine
crankshaft, cycles the engine, and generates the
spark necessary for starting the engine.
E
Figure 3. Engine Controls
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
D. Primer Button - When pressed, the primer button
(D, Figure 3) provides initial fuel to help start a cold
engine. Normally, pressing the primer button twice
will provide enough fuel to start a cold engine.
Electric Start Button (Optional)
Fuel Valve
Starter Handle
Primer Button
Throttle Lever
Engine Key
Choke Knob
E. Throttle Lever - The throttle lever (E, Figure 3) controls the engine speed. For best overall performance,
the throttle lever should be set to the FAST position.
Use the SLOW position only for warming the engine,
or to help prevent snow/ice freeze-up when shutting
the unit down for the day.
F. Engine Key - The Engine Key (F, Figure 3) prevents
the engine from being started by unauthorized individuals. The key must be fully inserted into the key
slot for the unit to start. The key is also used to stop
the engine by pulling the key out of the key slot.
G. Choke Knob - The Choke Knob (G, Figure 3) adjusts
the air/fuel mixture, and is used to help start a cold
engine by providing a richer mixture. Once the engine
is warm and running smoothly, the Choke Knob
should be set to the off position to provide a normal
air/fuel mix.
03
6
Controls
GROUND SPEED CONTROLS
A
C
A. Speed Selector - This lever (A, Figures 4 & 5) is
used to set the ground speed of the snowthrower.
B
D
The snowthrower has five forward speeds, 1–5, and
two reverse speeds, 1–2. No neutral position or gate
is required, since the traction drive design automatically provides "neutral" (no forward or reverse movement), whenever the Drive Control is released.
B. Drive Control - This control engages the traction
drive as the lever (B, Figures 4 & 5) is depressed,
and disengages the traction drive when the lever is
released. The traction drive provides power to the
wheels. NOTE: Changing ground speeds must only
be done while the Drive Control is in the disengaged
(fully released) position.
AUGER CONTROL
Figure 4. Operator's Control Position
C. Auger Control - The Auger Control clutch lever (C
Figures 4 & 5), engages the auger drive (which
throws the snow) as the lever is depressed, and
disengages the auger drive when the lever is
released.
A. Speed Selector
B. Drive Control
C. Auger Control
D. Chute Direction Control
DEFLECTOR CONTROLS
D
C
D. Chute Direction Control - The Chute Direction
Control (D, Figures 4 & 5), allows the discharge chute
to be rotated to throw snow in the desired direction.
Snow may be thrown at any angle from straight left,
to straight forward, to straight right.
A
F
E
B
I
E. Chute Deflector - Controls the distance snow is
thrown. Tilting the Chute Deflector (E, Figure 5) UP
provides a higher stream and greater distance, while
tilting the deflector DOWN provides a lower stream
and less distance.
F. Chute Deflector Knob - This knob (F, Figure 5)
allows the discharge Chute Deflector (E) to be locked
in the desired tilt position.
SCRAPER HEIGHT CONTROL
H
G. Scraper Bar Height Control - The Skid Shoes (G,
Figure 5) control the height the scraper bar (located
at the bottom of the auger housing). The scraper bar
allows smooth surfaces (such as concrete or asphalt
driveways) to be scraped clean of snow. On surfaces
such as gravel, the scraper bar should be adjusted
higher — so that it will not pick up gravel or debris.
G
Figure 5. Snowthrower Controls
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
TRACTION LOCK CONTROL
03
H. Traction Lock Pins - The traction drive to each
wheel can be locked and unlocked with the Traction
Lock Pins (H, Figure 5) to permit the unit to “freewheel,” allowing easier manual handling and transport
of the snowthrower.
7
Speed Selector
Drive Control
Auger Control
Chute Control
Chute Deflector
F.
G.
H.
I.
Chute Deflector Knob (Behind)
Skid Shoes
Traction Lock Pins
Headlight (Optional)
Operation
GENERAL OPERATION
CHECKS BEFORE EACH START-UP
WARNING
1. Make sure all safety guards are in place and all nuts,
bolts and clips are secure.
To avoid serious injury, do not put your hands into
the auger housing or discharge chute. If auger stalls
or chute becomes plugged, use the following procedure to remove objects or clear the chute:
2. Check the engine oil level. See your engine Owner’s
Manual for procedure and specifications.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
3. Check to make sure spark plug wire is attached and
spark plug is tightened securely. If necessary, torque
spark plug to 15 ft. lbs.
4. Check the fuel supply. Fill the tank no closer than 1/4
to 1/2 inch of top of tank to provide space for expansion. See your engine Owner’s Manual for fuel recommendations.
5. Check the Scraper Bar to make sure it is set at the
desired height. Adjust the Skid Shoes if necessary.
(See page 10.)
Release both the Drive and Auger Control levers.
Shut off the engine.
Remove the Engine Key.
Wait for moving parts to stop.
Disconnect spark plug wire.
Use a narrow board to remove foreign objects
and clear the chute or auger. Never put your
hands into the auger or discharge chute.
WARNING
6. Check the Drive Control (B, Figure 6), and Auger
Control (C, Figure 1) for proper operation. If adjustment is required, see the Service section for procedures.
For your safety, operation on slopes should be in an
up and down direction only. If it becomes necessary
to move across the face of a slope, use caution and
do not blow snow. Be very careful when changing
direction on a slope.
7. Check the Chute Direction Control (D, Figure 1) for
proper operation. The discharge chute should rotate
freely in both directions. See the Service section for
adjustment procedures and troubleshooting.
Proper winter footwear is recommended for the
operator to help prevent slipping. Never attempt to
clean snow from excessively steep slopes. The
maximum slope for any operation is 17.7% (10º).
8. Check the Chute Deflector (E, Figure 1) for proper
operation. The deflector should pivot freely up and
down when the Chute Deflector Knob is loosened. If
adjustment is required, see the Service Section for
procedures.
WARNING
9. Position the chute at the desired starting direction
and set the deflector at the desired angle.
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be handled
with care. Never fill the tank when the engine is hot or
running. Always move outdoors to fill the tank. Keep
snowthrower and gasoline away from open flame or
spark.
10. Check the Speed Selector (A, Figure 1) for smooth
operation. The control must move freely into each
speed position gate and remain in position when
released. If the Speed Selector does not move freely
into all forward and reverse speed positions, contact
your local authorized dealer for assistance.
03
8
Operation
STARTING THE ENGINE
A
B
1. Turn the fuel valve (B, Figure 6) to the ON position.
2. Insert the Engine Key (F) into the Engine Key slot
and push fully in to the RUN position.
3. Move the Throttle Lever (E) fully up to the FAST position.
4. Turn the Choke Knob (G) fully clockwise if engine is
cold. (Do not choke a warm engine.)
5. Push the Primer Button (D) two times if engine is
cold. (Do not prime a warm engine.)
6. Pull Starter Handle (C) rapidly, or push Starter Button
if equipped with the electric start. Do not allow the
Starter Handle to snap back—let the starter rope
rewind slowly—while keeping a firm grip on the
Starter Handle.
7. As the engine starts and begins to operate evenly,
turn the Choke Knob (G) slowly counter-clockwise to
the OFF position, and set the Throttle Lever to
SLOW. If the engine falters, turn the Choke Knob
clockwise until the engine runs smoothly, and let it
run briefly before returning the choke to the OFF
position.
NOTE: Allow the engine to warm up at SLOW throttle for
a few minutes before operating the snowthrower at full
speed. The engine will not develop full power until it
reaches operating temperature.
C
G
D
F
E
Figure 6. Engine Controls
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Electric Start Button (Optional)
Fuel Valve
Starter Handle
Primer Button
Throttle Lever
Engine Key
Choke Knob
OPERATING THE SNOWTHROWER
1. Rotate the discharge chute to the desired direction.
2. Set the Speed Selector to the desired forward speed.
3. Fully press and hold the Auger Control (C, Figure 7)
on the right-hand grip to begin auger rotation. To disengage the auger, completely release the lever.
4. Fully press and hold the traction Drive Control lever
(B, Figure 7) on the left-hand grip to engage the traction drive and begin moving the snowthrower. To disengage the traction drive, completely release the
lever.
5. Select forward or reverse speeds as needed using
the Speed Selector (A, Figure 7). Release the Drive
Control lever whenever changing drive speeds.
NOTE: After 5 - 10 hours of use, it may be necessary
to adjust the tension on the traction drive rod. See
"Traction Drive Clutch Rod Adjustment" in the
Service Section for the adjustment procedure.
C
A
D
Figure 7. Operator's Control Position
A. Speed Selector
B. Drive Control
ENGINE SPEED
For overall best performance, run the snowthrower at full
engine operating speed. Use the engine Throttle Lever
(E, Figure 6) to set the engine speed. Slide the Throttle
Lever UP to increase engine speed, and DOWN to
reduce speed.
03
9
C. Auger Control
D. Chute Direction Control
B
Operation
GROUND SPEED SELECTOR
A
Use the Speed Selector (A, Figure 8) to control the drive
speed of the snowthrower. There are five forward speeds
and two reverse speeds.
Use the lower speeds to blow deep or wet snow. Use the
higher speeds to blow light snow or to drive the snowthrower without blowing snow.
To change speeds, first release the traction Drive Control
lever (B, Figure 8), then move the Speed Selector to the
desired speed setting. Fully press the traction Drive
Control lever to resume operation.
B
DEFLECTOR
The distance of the discharged snow is mainly controlled
by the position of the deflector (Figure 9). (Engine speed
also affects distance of discharge.)
Figure 8. Ground Speed Selector
The more the deflector is tilted UP, the farther snow will
be thrown. Loosen the deflector knob, tilt the deflector
UP or DOWN, and then retighten the knob when the
desired angle has been chosen.
A. Speed Selector
SCRAPER BAR & SKID SHOES
On smooth surfaces such as concrete or asphalt, the
scraper bar should scrape the surface. On surfaces such
as gravel, the scraper bar should be high enough so that
it will not pick up gravel or debris.
The height of the scraper bar is controlled by raising or
lowering the Skid Shoes (See Figure 10).
1. To raise the scraper bar height, rest the scraper bar on
a strip of wood equal in thickness to the desired height.
2. Make sure the scraper bar is parallel to the ground
surface.
3. Loosen the skid shoe nuts and let the skid shoes
drop to the surface.
4. Tighten the nuts, making sure the Skid Shoes are
adjusted equally and are parallel to the surface.
5. To lower the height of the scraper bar, raise the Skid
Shoes.
6. If the scraper bar or skid shoes become worn, they
can be replaced by removing the hardware attaching
them to the snowthrower.
Chute
Deflector Knob
Chute
Deflector
Figure 9. Chute Deflector Adjustment
Scraper
Bar
Skid Shoe
Nuts
Skid Shoe
Figure 10. Skid Shoe Adjustment
03
10
Operation
FREE-WHEELING AND
TRACTION DRIVE LOCK
Klik-Pin In
OUTER Hole
For easy turning when pushing the snowthrower, you
can disengage the traction drive at one or both wheels
by using the Traction Lock Pins (See Figures 11 & 12.)
1. Turn the unit off, remove the Engine Key, and disconnect the spark plug wire.
2. To DISENGAGE the traction drive lock, insert the
Traction Lock Pin through the outer hole in the axle.
(See Figure 8).
3. To ENGAGE the traction drive lock, insert the pin
through the hub and axle (See Figure 9). If the hole in
the hub is not aligned with the inner hole in the axle,
push the snowthrower until the holes align and install
the Traction Lock Pin.
Figure 11. Traction Drive Lock - Disengaged
Klik-Pin In
INNER Hole
NOTE: When snowthrowing with the full width of the
auger, for best drive performance engage both wheels.
For easier turning when not using the full width of the
auger, engage one wheel and use the engaged side as
the snow contact side for the auger.
AFTER EACH USE
Figure 12. Traction Drive Lock - Engaged
Normal use of the snowthrower may result in a build-up
of packed snow in and around the starter cord housing
and around engine controls. Heat from the engine will
usually prevent the snow from freezing solid while the
unit is running, but after the engine is shut down, some
snow may continue melting from engine heat, and later
freeze around some moving parts as the unit cools.
WARNING
Never store snowthrower, with gasoline in engine or
fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed, poorly
ventilated enclosures. Gasoline fumes may reach an
open flame, spark or pilot light (such as a furnace,
water heater, clothes dryer, etc.) and cause an explosion.
After each period of use, follow these steps to prevent
freeze-up caused by ice formation in and around the
engine controls and external parts.
1. Before shutting off the engine, pull the starter rope
out 2 - 3 times, and allow it to rewind slowly. This will
help clear packed snow from the starter cord area.
Handle gasoline carefully. It is highly flammable and
careless use can result in serious fire damage to
people and property.
2. Stop the engine by moving the Throttle Lever (See
Figure 8) down, or by pulling out the Engine Key.
Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors away
from open flame or sparks.
3. Disconnect the spark plug wire, and position it away
from the spark plug.
4. Brush snow and ice from the snowthrower. Be sure to
clear engine and snowthrower controls, discharge
chute, worm and chute rod gears, clutch rod areas,
and anywhere else snow has accumulated.
6. If the snowthrower is kept in a cold shelter, fill the fuel
tank to prevent condensation. Do not store near
sparks or flame.
5. Always remove the Engine Key and store in a safe
place to prevent unauthorized use.
Note: The Engine Owner’s Manual contains further information on preventing ice formation and freeze-up.
03
11
Regular Maintenance
NORMAL CARE
CARE REQUIRED
FREQUENCY
LUBRICATION
Check auger gear case lubrication.**
25 Hours
Simplicity Winter Weight
Worm Gear Oil
Lubricate snowthrower.
10 Hours
10W Oil and Grease
Check tire pressure.
Monthly
N/A
Change engine oil.*✛
50 Hours✛
See Engine Manual
Yearly
See Engine Manual
4-6 Hours
N/A
Clean or replace spark plug.✛
Check drive linkage/belt tension
* Change original oil after two hours of operation.
** Check oil level each fall and spring.
✛ See your engine Owner’s Manual.
OFF-SEASON STORAGE
5. Start the engine outdoors. Warm up engine by running at SLOW speed for a a few minutes before running at FAST speed, or blowing snow.
6. Check the operation of all the controls. If necessary,
lubricate the snowthrower to improve operation of the
chute control.
Before you store your snowthrower for the off-season,
read the Maintenance and Storage instructions in the
Safety Rules section and take the following precautions:
NOTE: Gasoline, if permitted to stand unused for extended periods (30 days or longer), may develop gummy
deposits which can adversely affect the engine carburetor
and cause engine malfunction. To avoid this condition,
add Simplicity Gasoline Stabilizer to the fuel tank, or drain
all fuel from the system before placing unit in storage.
CHECK AUGER
GEAR CASE LUBRICATION
1. Place the snowthrower on a level surface.
1. Prepare your snowthrower engine for storage as
instructed in the Engine Owner’s Manual.
2. Remove the Pipe Plug (Figure 13).
3. Check the lubricant level. It should be level with the
lower edge of the plug opening. If not, add Simplicity
Winter Weight Worm Gear Oil (available from your
dealer).
2. Lubricate the snowthrower as described in the LUBRICATION section of this manual (page 13).
3. Clean the snowthrower thoroughly. Coat exposed bare
metal parts with a quality paint (available from your
dealer) or a light film of grease, oil or automotive wax.
4. Re-install Pipe Plug, and tighten securely.
4. Store snowthrower in the wheels down, operating
position. Note: If the unit is stored in any other position, oil from crankcase could enter cylinder head,
causing a service problem.
5. Store the unit in a protected area and cover.
STARTING AFTER STORAGE
1. Remove the spark plug and wipe dry. Crank the
engine a few times to blow excess oil out of plug hole.
Then reinstall plug.
2. Fill fuel tank with fresh gasoline (unless a fuel stabilizer was used).
3. Check to be sure engine fins are clean and air flow is
unobstructed.
4. Check engine oil level and lubricate snowthrower.
Change oil if necessary.
Pipe Plug
Figure 13. Checking Auger Gear Case Lubrication
03
12
Regular Maintenance
Figure 14. Checking Tire Pressure
Figure 15. Lubricate Points Where Chute Contacts
Flange (oil); Lubricate Ring Gear and Pinion Gear
While Rotating Spout (grease)
CHECKING TIRE PRESSURE
The air pressure in each tire should be 20 psi (136 kPa)
and should be equal for both tires for best performance.
Be sure to keep caps on valves to prevent entry of debris
into the valve stem when tires are filled.
LUBRICATION
IMPORTANT NOTE
It is very important that grease fittings on the auger shaft
are lubricated regularly. If auger rusts to shaft, damage to
worm gear may occur if shear pins do not break.
To prevent wheels rusting to axles, it is also necessary
to remove the wheels and grease the axles regularly.
Figure 16. Lubricate Point Where Control Rods Pass
Through Bracket.
Remove wheels and grease axles once each year.
There are two grease fittings on the auger shaft (Figure
13). Wipe the fittings clean and apply grease, using a
grease gun. Also apply grease on other points indicated.
Apply medium weight (10W) oil to points shown(See
Figures 15 - 18).
Generally, all moving metal parts should be oiled where
contact is made with other parts. Keep oil and grease off
belts, pulley grooves, drive disc, and friction disc.
Figure 17. Grease Axles & Lubricate Control Levers
See lubrication notes at bottom of page.
LUBRICATION NOTES:
1.Grease locations indicated by grease gun symbol:
Use grease fittings when present. Disassemble parts
to apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings
are not installed.
2.Oil locations indicated by oil can symbol:
Do not allow oil to drip onto traction drive or friction
disc.
Figure 18. Lubricate Deflector Hinges
04
13
Troubleshooting, Adjustments, & Service
TROUBLESHOOTING
This section provides troubleshooting and service
instructions. Locate the problem and check the possible
cause/remedy in the order listed.
WARNING
Before performing any adjustment or service to
snowthrower, stop the engine and wait for moving
parts to stop. Remove the key. To prevent accidental
starting, disconnect the spark plug wire and fasten
away from the plug.
Also, refer to the engine manufacturer’s Owner’s Manual
for additional information.
For problems not covered here, contact your local dealer.
PROBLEM
Engine fails to start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Key is OFF.
Failure to Prime cold Engine
Fuel valve is in CLOSED position.
Out of fuel.
Choke OFF - cold engine.
6. Engine flooded.
7. Spark plug not sparking.
8. Water in fuel, or old fuel.
Engine starts hard or runs poorly.
Auger does not rotate.
REMEDY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Push key in to the ON position.
Press Primer Button twice and restart.
Turn valve to OPEN position.
Fill fuel tank.
Turn choke to ON, set throttle to
FAST.
6. Turn choke to OFF; try starting.
7. Check gap. Gap plug, clean electrode, or replace plug as necessary.
8. Drain tank (Dispose of fuel at an
authorized hazardous waste facility).
Fill with fresh fuel.
1. Fuel mixture too rich.
1. Move choke to OFF position.
2. Carburetor adjusted incorrectly.
2. See your dealer for adjustments.
3. Spark plug faulty, fouled, or gapped
improperly.
3. Clean and gap, or replace.
4. Fuel Cap Vent is blocked.
4. Clear vent.
1. Auger Control not engaged.
2. Foreign matter blocking auger.
1. Engage Auger Control.
2. STOP engine and REMOVE the key.
DISCONNECT the spark plug wire.
Clear auger using a narrow board.
See warning in SAFETY RULES.
3. Tighten to remove slack. See auger
clutch rod adjustment.
4. Check auger drive belt adjustment.
5. Replace belt.
6. Replace shear pin.
3. Auger drive clutch rod slack.
4. Auger drive belt slipping.
5. Broken belt.
6. Shear pin broken.
03
14
Troubleshooting, Adjustments, & Service
PROBLEM
Auger rotates, but snow is not
thrown far enough
POSSIBLE CAUSE
REMEDY
1. Chute Deflector too low.
1. Adjust deflector as necessary.
2. Engine speed too slow.
2. Set speed to full throttle.
3. Ground speed too fast.
3. Use slower Speed Selector setting.
4. Snowthrower discharge chute clogged.
4. STOP engine and REMOVE the key.
DISCONNECT the spark plug wire.
Clear auger using a narrow board.
See warning in SAFETY RULES.
5. Auger belt loose or worn.
5. Check Auger Drive Belt Adjustment
Scraper bar does not clean hard
surface.
1. Skid Shoes improperly adjusted.
1. RAISE Skid Shoes (this lowers the
Scraper Bar).
Scraper bar picks up and throws
stones on gravel drive.
1. Skid shoes improperly adjusted.
1. LOWER Skid Shoes (this raises the
scraper bar.)
Poor traction
1. Tires slipping.
1. Check tire pressure and tread.
Auger does not stop when auger
lever is released
1. Auger clutch rod too tight or bent.
2. Auger drive belt out of adjustment.
3. Auger belt guide out of adjustment.
1. Loosen or straighten clutch rod.
2. Adjust auger belt.
3. Adjust auger belt guide.
Snowthrower does not stop when
drive lever is released
1. Traction drive clutch rod bent or too
tight.
1. Loosen rod to remove slack or
replace. See adjustment procedure.
Snowthrower does not drive when
drive lever is engaged.
1. Traction drive clutch rod loose.
1. Tighten to remove slack. See adjustment procedure.
2. Replace drive belt.
3. Replace chain.
4. Change Traction Lock Pins to INNER
hole to engage traction drive.
5. Replace Disc (see your dealer).
2. Drive belt loose, broken, or stretched.
3. Drive roller chain damaged.
4. Traction Lock Pins in Free-Wheeling
position (OUTER hole).
5. Friction Disc worn.
Discharge control is difficult to
operate.
1. Gearing needs lubrication
2. Worm gear not adjusted properly.
3. Control rod gears misaligned.
1. Oil or grease as required.
2. Adjust worm gear. See adjustment
procedure.
3. Adjust gear bracket. See adjustment
procedure.
Snowthrower veers to one side.
1. Tires pressure not equal.
2. One wheel is set in Free-Wheeling
mode. (Traction Lock Pin is in the
OUTER hole).
1. Check tire pressure.
2. Make certain BOTH Traction Lock
Pins are in the INNER holes (to
engage traction drive).
Excessive vibration.
1. Loose parts or damaged auger.
1. STOP engine and REMOVE the key.
DISCONNECT the spark plug wire.
Tighten all hardware. Replace auger
if necessary. If vibration continues,
see your dealer.
Drive fails to move snowthrower
at slow speeds.
1. Traction Drive out of adjustment.
1. Readjust drive, or shift Speed
Selector setting up one speed faster.
03
15
Troubleshooting, Adjustments, & Service
TRACTION DRIVE SYSTEM
ADJUSTMENT
A
Speed Selector Pivot Adjustment
The Speed Selector is factory set for optimal performance at each forward and reverse speed setting.
However, if drive system components have been
replaced, adjustment may be necessary.
Adjust as follows:
1. Move the ground speed control (A, Figure 19) fully
forward.
2. Loosen the hardware (B) securing the upper and
lower shift rods.
3. Push the lower rod (C) down fully (into the housing).
4. Make sure the ground speed control (A) is in the full
forward (5th gear) position. Tighten the shift rod
hardware (B).
B
C
Traction Drive Clutch Rod & Spring
Adjustment
INITIAL ADJUSTMENT
Figure 19. Speed Selector Linkage Adjustment
The traction drive clutch rod should initially be adjusted
so that there is no slack in the rod when moved slightly
from side to side, but bellcrank arm remains in fully down
position. To adjust tension on the rod:
A. Ground Speed Lever
B. Shift Rod Hardware
C. Lower Shift Rod
1. Loosen adjustment hex nuts (Figure 20).
2. Tighten bottom hex nut while holding rod. Tighten
just until slack in rod is removed.
3. Tighten upper hex nut securely.
Adjustment
Hex Nuts
WARNING
Traction
Drive
Clutch
Rod
Do not over-tighten, as this may cause traction
drive to engage without depressing the traction
Drive Control (bellcrank arm must remain in down
position).
Verify that the rods are not over-tightened: With
Speed Selector in position 1 and traction Drive
Control fully released, push snowthrower
forward. The unit should move forward freely.
Traction Drive
Bellcrank Arm
If unit does not move forward freely, the rod has
been over-tightened. To remedy, loosen tension
on clutch rod slightly, and recheck.
Traction Drive
Clutch Rod
Spring
Figure 20. Traction Drive Clutch Rod Adjustment
03
16
Troubleshooting, Adjustments, & Service
AUGER DRIVE SYSTEM
ADJUSTMENTS
Auger Drive
Clutch Rod
Auger Drive Clutch Rod Adjustment
WARNING
Auger Lever
Do not over-tighten, as this may lift the idler rod
lever and cause auger drive to be engaged
without depressing the Auger Control.
Adjustment
Hex Nuts
Auger Drive
Clutch Rod Spring
All auger drive adjustment is accomplished through the
auger drive clutch rod. The rod must be adjusted so that
there is 1/32” clearance between the spring hook and the
auger lever (see Figure 21). Proper adjustment allows
the auger brake to engages when the control is released.
To adjust the rod:
Must have 1/32”
gap between
spring hook and
lever.
1. See Figure 21. Loosen adjustment hex nuts.
Figure 21. Auger Drive Clutch Rod adjustment
2. Tighten the upper adjustment nut until there is a 1/32”
gap between the spring hook and the auger lever.
3. Tighten the lower adjustment nut.
4. Recheck that there is a 1/32” gap between the spring
hook and the auger lever.
5. With engine running, fully depress Auger Control, the
auger should engage and run normally.
6. Release Auger Control. The auger must stop within 5 seconds.
7. If auger does not operate properly, stop engine and
recheck clutch rod adjustments.
03
17
Troubleshooting, Adjustments, & Service
Belt Cover
Screws
Figure 22. Belt Cover
Figure 23. Auger Pulley Belt Stops
(shown with bottom cover removed)
A. Nuts
B. Belt Stops
C. Auger Pulley
BELT REPLACEMENT
1. Rotate the spout full right. Loosen the two screws
(Figure 22) securing the belt cover.
2. Tilt the cover forward and work it off the snowthrower.
3. Remove the belt guide (B, Figure 24) by removing
the two capscrews (A), lockwashers and washers.
4. Remove the auger drive belt as follows:
a. Slip the auger drive belt (D, Figure 24 from the
idler pulley by pushing it away from the pulley and
then toward the rear.
b. Remove the belt from the engine pulley. Slip the
belt from under the brake pad.
c. Remove six capscrews from bottom cover to
snowthrower frame. Loosen nuts (A, Figure 24) on
each side to release auger pulley belt stops (B,
Figure 23). Move belt stops and remove belt from
pulley (C, Figure 23).
d. Belt can be removed from top or bottom. For more
clearance to remove the belt, engage the traction
drive lever.
5. Remove the traction drive belt as follows:
a. Pull the idler pulley (I, Figure 24) away from the
belt and slip the belt from the pulley.
b. Slip the belt off the traction pulley and then the
engine pulley. The arm for the front idler pulley (G,
Figure 24) may have to be pivoted to provide clearance for removing the belt from the traction pulley.
c. Pull the belt out between the auger pulley (F,
Figure 24) and traction pulley.
A
C
B
D
E
A
F
I
H
G
Figure 24. Belts and Pulleys
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Capscrews
Belt Guides
Traction Drive Belt
Auger Drive Belt
Engine Pulley
F.
G.
H.
I.
Auger Pulley
Idler Pulley, Auger
Traction Pulley
Idler Pulley, Traction
03
18
Troubleshooting, Adjustments, & Service
6. Reverse the procedure to install the belts. Be sure
there are no twists and the belts are properly seated
in the grooves. Adjust the belt stops so there is 1/8”
(3mm) clearance between belt and stop. The pattern
for both belts is shown in Figure 25.
7. Check the traction drive tension and auger drive tension. Follow the procedures under AUGER DRIVE
BELT ADJUSTMENT.
8. Make sure the auger stops when the auger drive
lever is released. Make sure traction drive stops
when the traction drive lever is released. If not, check
the drive tension. If a problem exists, see your dealer.
Belt Stops
A
C
B
D
Belt Stops (Auger Pulley Only)
Figure 25. Belt Pattern (as viewed from front of
snowthrower)
A. Engine Pulley
B. Drive Belt
C. Idler Pulley
D. Driven Pulley
SHEAR PIN REPLACEMENT
WARNING
Do not go near the discharge chute or auger when the
engine is running. Do not run the engine with any
cover or guard removed.
Under most circumstances, if the auger strikes an object
which could cause damage to the unit, the shear pin will
break. (This protects the gear box and other parts from
damage.)
The shear pins are located on the auger shaft as shown
in Figure 26. To replace the shear pins, tap out broken
pin with a pin punch, and install a new shear pin and cotter pin. Spread the legs of the new cotter pin fully. Do
NOT replace shear pins with anything other than the
correct grade replacement shear pin. See the
REPLACEMENT PARTS section at the back of this manual for the correct part numbers. (Use of bolts, screws or
a harder shear pin will lead to damaged equipment.)
Shear Pins
Figure 26. Shear Pins
03
19
Troubleshooting, Adjustments, & Service
DISCHARGE CONTROL
ADJUSTMENT
F
A
If the discharge chute is difficult to operate, first lubricate
the pinion gear (A, Figure 27) and ring gear (F). If it is
still difficult to operate, adjust as follows:
E
1. Loosen the nut (G, Figure 27) which holds the pinion
gear bracket in the slotted hole.
2. If the pinion gear is too tight against the ring gear,
move it away slightly and then retighten the nut.
B
3. Check the operation again.
D
C
G
Figure 27. Discharge Control
A.
B.
C.
D.
Pinion Gear
Control Rod
Carriage Bolt
Slotted Bracket
E. U-shaped Bracket
F. Ring Gear
G. Nut
CHUTE DIRECTION CONTROL
GEAR BRACKET ADJUSTMENT
If the Discharge Chute becomes difficult to rotate or
begins to operate erratically, the Chute Direction Control
rod gears may require adjustment:
1. Loosen the gear bracket mounting nuts (Figure 28).
2. Slide the gear bracket into the position that provides
the best engagement between the gears.
3. Tighten the bracket mounting nuts, and check for
smooth operation.
Mounting Nuts
4. Readjust if necessary.
5. Lubricate the Chute Direction Control rod gears with
a medium weight (10W) oil.
Figure 28. Chute Direction Control Gear Bracket
Adjustment
03
20
Specifications
ENGINE
AUGER
Make ................................................................Tecumseh
Cylinders........................................................................1
Construction.............................Ribbon flite welded steel
Bearings ...................................................Self-lubricating
Cycles.............................................................................4
Crankshaft .......................................................Horizontal
IMPELLER
8 HP
- Model No. .....................................See engine I.D. plate
- Bore & Stroke ..............................3-1/8 in. x 2-17/32 in.
(79.90 mm x 64.31 mm)
- Displacement .............................................19.43 cu. in.
(318.30 cc)
Construction..............................................4 steel blades
Ignition ...............................................................Magneto
Type....................Cushion V-belt and worm gear housing
Bearings ..............Pre-lubricated and sealed ball bearing
Diameter.....................................................12 in. (30 cm)
AUGER & IMPELLER DRIVE
Governor........................................................Mechanical
Choke ...................................................................Manual
OVERALL DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT
Lubrication ...............................................Splash system
Model 8-60M
- Length ....................................................54 in. (137 cm)
- Width ........................................................26 in. (65 cm)
- Height.....................................................43 in. (109 cm)
- Weight .................................................236 lbs. (107 kg)
Oil Capacity ......................................See engine manual
Fuel Capacity....................................See engine manual
TRACTION DRIVE
Type...........................Friction drive transmission w/chain
gear drive and speed selection
Speeds ...............................Five forward and two reverse
Axle ....................Solid w/klik-pin lock for two-wheel drive
Tire Inflation ..........................................20 psi (137 kPa)
AUGER HOUSING
Construction..............................Welded steel stampings
Effective Width
- Model 8-60M ............................................24 in. (60 cm)
Auger Opening Height ...........................19 in. (47.5 cm)
Spout Rotation ............................................210 degrees
Scraper Bar.................High Carbon, wear resistant steel
Skid Shoes ........................Adjustable, heat-treated steel
SPECIFICATIONS ARE CORRECT AT TIME OF
PRINTING AND ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE
WITHOUT NOTICE.
03
21
Specifications
COMMON REPLACEMENT PARTS
ACCESSORIES
Listed below are part numbers for the more common
replacement parts. Use only genuine Simplicity replacement parts to assure optimum performance and safety.
See your dealer to purchase any of the following accessories for your snowthrower.
Simplicity Gas Stabilizer
- 8 oz. Bottle........................................................1685748
- Case of 12 Bottles (8 oz. ea.) ...........................1685747
Special Worm Gear Oil for Auger Gear Case
- 8 oz. Container .................................................1704636
- Case of 12 Bottles (8 oz. ea.) ...........................1685406
Light for late afternoon and early evening snowthrowing.
Light Kit
Electric Start Kit (120V AC)
Offers operator the convenience of electric starting.
Available for all models. Standard on some models.
Drift Cutters
Simplicity Brand Cold Weather Engine Oil
Helps break through drifts.
SAE 5W30 SF/CD
- Case of 12 Qts..................................................1685576
Shear Pin, Auger...............................................1668344
TECHNICAL MANUAL AVAILABILITY
Cotter Pin (for shear pin) ...................................1918447
Additional copies of this manual, as well as a fully illustrated Parts Manuals for your snowthrower are available.
The Parts Manuals show all of the assemblies and individual parts as exploded views which show the relationship of the parts and how they go together. Important
assembly notes and special torque values are included
in the illustrations. Standard hardware and torque specification charts are also included.
Skid Shoes (set of 2) .........................................1685501
Auger Drive Belt - Model 860M.........................1666655
Wheel Drive Belt ...............................................1672732
Traction Lock Pin..............................................1666969
Handle Grip .......................................................1671041
Grease Gun Kit..................................................1685510
- 8 oz. Grease Tube..............................................103077
To order copies of the manuals applicable to your model,
contact the Simplicity Customer Publications Department
at 414-284-8519. Have the following information available when phoning in your request.
Touch-Up Paint
- Deep Orange Spray Paint (13 oz. can) ............1685611
- Deep Orange Paint (1 qt. can)..........................1685612
- Deep Orange Paint (1/2 oz. dauber) ................1685615
- Solar Black Spray Paint (13 oz. can)................1686779
Model: ___________________________________________________
Equipment Cleaner/Degreaser/Degrimer
- 32 oz. Spray Bottle ...........................................1685619
- 1 gallon bottle ...................................................1685621
M/N (Mfg. No.): ____________________________________________
S/N (Serial #): _____________________________________________
Pneumatic Tire Seal - Stops & Prevents Leaks
- 11 oz. tube........................................................1685523
- Case of 12 (11 oz. tubes) .................................1685537
- Case of 24 (11 oz. tubes) .................................1685525
Your Name:_______________________________________________
Address: _________________________________________________
City, State, Zip: ____________________________________________
Visa/Mastercard No.: _______________________________________
Card Expiration Date: _______________________________________
Note: Information listed above is correct at time of printing, and
are subject to changes in availability and specifications without
notice. Part numbers may be superceded by other part numbers.
USE ONLY GENUINE
SIMPLICITY REPLACEMENT PARTS
Available through your local
authorized SIMPLICITY dealer.
03
22