ACN Netgear N300 User guide

N300 WiFi Gigabit
Router
NF7
USER GUIDE
Copyright
Copyright©2013 NetComm Wireless Limited. All rights reserved.
The information contained herein is proprietary to NetComm Wireless Limited. No part of this document may be translated,
transcribed, reproduced, in any form, or by any means without prior written consent of NetComm Wireless Limited.
Note: This document is subject to change without notice.
Save Our Environment
When this equipment has reached the end of its useful life, it must be taken to a recycling centre and processed separately from
domestic waste.
The cardboard box, the plastic contained in the packaging, and the parts that make up this device can be recycled in accordance
with regionally established regulations. Never dispose of this electronic equipment along with your household waste. You may be
subject to penalties or sanctions under the law. Instead, ask for disposal instructions from your municipal government.
Please be responsible and protect our environment.
This manual covers the following products:
NetComm Wireless NF7 N300 WiFi Gigabit Router
DOCUMENT VERSION
1.0 – Initial document release
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DATE
November 2013
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Table of Contents
Overview.........................................................................................................................................................................................5
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5
Target Users.................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5
Prerequisites ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5
Notation ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5
Product Introduction ......................................................................................................................................................................6
Product Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6
Package Contents ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6
Product Features ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 7
Physical Dimensions and Indicators .............................................................................................................................................8
LED Indicators ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 8
Physical Dimensions ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9
NF7 Default Settings ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 9
Interfaces .....................................................................................................................................................................................10
Safety and Product Care .............................................................................................................................................................11
Transport and Handling ...............................................................................................................................................................11
Installation and Configuration of the NF7 ...................................................................................................................................12
Placement of your NF7 ................................................................................................................................................................................ 12
Avoid obstacles and interference.................................................................................................................................................................. 12
Cordless Phones ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 12
Choose the “Quietest” Channel for your Wireless Network ............................................................................................................................ 12
Hardware installation ................................................................................................................................................................................... 13
Connecting via a cable................................................................................................................................................................................. 13
Connecting wirelessly .................................................................................................................................................................................. 13
Web Based Configuration Interface ............................................................................................................................................14
First-time Setup Wizard ............................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Basic View .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 19
Status ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 19
Wireless .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 20
WAN ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 21
Advanced Configuration............................................................................................................................................................................... 22
Status ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 23
Network Setup .................................................................................................................................................................................... 24
DHCP Server ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Wireless .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 31
Change Password ............................................................................................................................................................................... 32
Port Configuration................................................................................................................................................................................ 32
Forwarding Rules......................................................................................................................................................................................... 33
Port Forwarding ................................................................................................................................................................................... 33
Port Triggering..................................................................................................................................................................................... 34
Miscellaneous...................................................................................................................................................................................... 35
Security Settings ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 36
Status ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 36
Packet Filters....................................................................................................................................................................................... 37
Domain Filters...................................................................................................................................................................................... 39
URL Blocking ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 40
MAC Control ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 41
Miscellaneous...................................................................................................................................................................................... 42
Advanced Settings ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 43
Status ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 43
System Log ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 44
Dynamic DNS ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 45
QoS .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 46
SNMP ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 51
Routing ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 52
System Time ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 53
Scheduling .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 54
IPv6 .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 55
TR-069................................................................................................................................................................................................ 56
VLAN .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 57
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Toolbox ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58
System Info ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 58
Routing Table ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 58
Restore Settings .................................................................................................................................................................................. 58
Firmware Upgrade ............................................................................................................................................................................... 59
Backup Settings .................................................................................................................................................................................. 59
Reset to Default ................................................................................................................................................................................... 59
Reboot ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 59
Startup Wizard .................................................................................................................................................................................... 59
Logout ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 59
Additional Product Information ...................................................................................................................................................60
Establishing a wireless connection ............................................................................................................................................................... 60
Windows XP (Service Pack 3)............................................................................................................................................................... 60
Windows Vista ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 60
Windows 7 .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 60
Mac OSX 10.6 ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 60
Troubleshooting........................................................................................................................................................................................... 61
Using the indicator lights (LEDs) to Diagnose Problems ......................................................................................................................... 61
Technical Data .............................................................................................................................................................................62
Electrical Specifications................................................................................................................................................................................ 62
Environmental Specifications / Tolerances .................................................................................................................................................... 62
Legal & Regulatory Information ...................................................................................................................................................63
Intellectual Property Rights........................................................................................................................................................................... 63
Customer Information .................................................................................................................................................................................. 63
Consumer Protection Laws .......................................................................................................................................................................... 63
Product Warranty ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 64
Limitation of Liability ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 64
Contact .........................................................................................................................................................................................65
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Overview
Introduction
This manual provides information related to the installation, operation, and use of the NF7.
Target Users
The individual reading this manual is presumed to have a basic understanding of telecommunications terminology and concepts.
Prerequisites
Before continuing with the installation of your NF7, please confirm that you comply with the minimum system requirements below.
A configured WAN connection.
Computer with Windows, Macintosh, or Linux-based operating systems with a working Ethernet adapter with TCP/IP
Protocol installed.
A web browser such as Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Safari etc.
Wireless computer system requirements:
Computer with a working 802.11b, 802.11g or 802.11n wireless adapter.
Notation
The following symbols are used in this manual:
Indicates a note requiring attention.
Indicates a note providing a warning.
Indicates a note providing useful information.
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Product Introduction
Product Overview
Gigabit WAN port for a fixed line connection. Perfect for a future NBN/Fibre connection
Establish up to 4 high speed wired connections with the Gigabit LAN ports
Create a WiFi network to share your connection with multiple WiFi devices at speeds of up to 300Mbps 1
Supports IPv6 for next generation IP addressing
Package Contents
The NF7 package consists of:
N300 WiFi Gigabit Router
Quick Start Guide
Power Supply Unit
Ethernet Cable (RJ-45)
Wireless Security Card
Warranty Card
If any of these items are missing or damaged, please contact NetComm Wireless Support immediately by visiting the NetComm
Wireless Support website at: http://www.netcommwireless.com/contact-forms/support
1 Maximum wireless signal rate and coverage values are derived from IEEE Standard 802.11g and 802.11n specifications. Actual wireless speed and coverage are
dependent on network and environmental conditions included but not limited to volume of network traffic, building materials and construction/layout.
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Product Features
The NetComm Wireless NF7 is a future-ready WiFi router that connects the home or office to super-fast broadband. Simply
connect your fixed line modem to the Gigabit WAN port for instant Internet access - perfect for NBN/Fibre connections
The advanced network sharing function gives multiple users the freedom to watch movies, download music, play online games
and enjoy other bandwidth intensive activities such as IPTV streaming on a single broadband account. Enjoy extended WiFi
coverage with high-speed WiFi, or connect up to four wired devices via the Gigabit Ethernet ports.
The NF7 is also kind to the environment with innovative green features for power conservation. With support for IPV6, be assured
that your router will be able to continue to access websites when new web addressing starts becoming commonplace.
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Physical Dimensions and
Indicators
LED Indicators
The NF7 has been designed to be placed on a desktop. All of the cables exit from the rear for easy organization. The display is
visible on the front of the NF7 to provide you with information about network activity and the device status. See below for an
explanation of each of the indicator lights.
LED INDICATOR
Power
WWW
WiFi
WAN
LAN 1-4
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ICON
STATUS
DEFINITION
Off
The NF7 is powered off.
On
The NF7 is powered on and operating normally.
Flashing
The NF7 is starting up.
Off
Internet connection not configured.
On
Internet connected.
Flashing
Internet traffic is being sent and received.
Off
WiFi is disabled on the NF7.
On
WiFi is enabled on the NF7.
Flashing
The NF7 is waiting for a WPS PBC connection.
Off
No device is connected to the Ethernet WAN port.
On
A device is connected to the Ethernet WAN port.
Off
No device is connected to the Ethernet LAN port.
On
A device is connected to the Ethernet LAN port.
Flashing
Data is being sent or received via the Ethernet LAN port.
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Physical Dimensions
The following table lists the physical dimensions and weight of the NF7.
NF7 DIMENSIONS
Length
119mm
Width
168mm
Height
27mm
Weight
217g
NF7 Default Settings
The following tables list the default settings for the NF7.
LAN (MANAGEMENT)
Static IP Address
192.168.20.1
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
Default Gateway
192.168.20.1
WIRELESS (WIFI)
SSID
(Refer to the included Wireless Security Card)
Security
WPA2-PSK (AES)
Security Key
(Refer to the included Wireless Security Card)
NF7 WEB INTERFACE ACCESS
Username
admin
Password
admin
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Interfaces
The following interfaces are available on the NF7:
1
NUMBER
INTERFACE
2
3
4
5
DESCRIPTION
1
LAN 1-4
Gigabit Ethernet LAN ports. Connect your Ethernet based devices to one of these ports for highspeed internet access.
2
WAN
Gigabit WAN port for connection to a WAN network.
3
Power button
Turns the NF7 on or off.
4
Power jack
Connection point for the included power adapter. Connect the power supply here.
5
WPS button
Activate the WiFi WPS function by press/hold the WPS/RESET button for 1-3 seconds
Activate the RESET function by press/hold the WPS/RESET button for 10 seconds
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Safety and Product Care
With reference to unpacking, installation, use and maintenance of your electronic device, the following basic guidelines are
recommended:
Do not use or install this product near water to avoid fire or shock hazard. For example, near a bathtub, kitchen sink,
laundry tub, or near a swimming pool. Also, do not expose the equipment to rain or damp areas (e.g. a wet
basement).
Do not connect the power supply cord on elevated surfaces. Allow it to lie freely. There should be no obstructions in
its path and no heavy items should be placed on the cord. In addition, do not walk on, step on or mistreat the cord.
To safeguard the equipment against overheating, make sure that all openings in the unit that offer exposure to air are
unobstructed.
WARNING
Disconnect the power line from the device before servicing.
Transport and Handling
When transporting the NF7, it is recommended to return the product in the original packaging. This ensures the product will not
be damaged.
In the event the product needs to be returned, ensure it is securely packaged with appropriate padding to prevent
damage during courier transport.
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Installation and Configuration of
the NF7
Placement of your NF7
The wireless connection between your NF7 and your WiFi devices will be stronger the closer your connected devices are to your
NF7. Your wireless connection and performance will degrade as the distance between your NF7 and connected devices
increases. This may or may not be directly noticeable, and is greatly affected by the individual installation environment.
If you have concerns about your network’s performance that might be related to range or obstruction factors, try moving the
computer to a position between three to five meters from the NF7 in order to see if distance is the problem.
Note: While some of the items listed below can affect network performance, they will not prohibit your wireless network
from functioning; if you are concerned that your network is not operating at its maximum effectiveness, this checklist may
help.
If you experience difficulties connecting wirelessly between your WiFi Devices and your NF7, please try the following steps:
In multi-storey homes, place the NF7 on a floor that is as close to the centre of the home as possible. This may mean
placing the NF7 on an upper floor.
Try not to place the NF7 near a cordless telephone that operates at the same radio frequency as the NF7 (2.4GHz).
Avoid obstacles and interference
Avoid placing your NF7 near devices that may emit radio “noise,” such as microwave ovens. Dense objects that can inhibit
wireless communication include:
Refrigerators
Washers and/or dryers
Metal cabinets
Large aquariums
Metallic-based, UV-tinted windows
If your wireless signal seems weak in some spots, make sure that objects such as those listed above are not
blocking the signal’s path (between your devices and the NF7).
Cordless Phones
If the performance of your wireless network is impaired after considering the above issues, and you have a cordless phone:
Try moving cordless phones away from your NF7 and your wireless-enabled computers.
Unplug and remove the battery from any cordless phone that operates on the 2.4GHz band (check manufacturer’s
information). If this fixes the problem, your phone may be interfering with the NF7.
If your phone supports channel selection, change the channel on the phone to the farthest channel from your
wireless network. For example, change the phone to channel 1 and move your NF7 to channel 11. See your phone’s
user manual for detailed instructions.
If necessary, consider switching to a 900MHz or 5GHz cordless phone.
Choose the “Quietest” Channel for your Wireless Network
In locations where homes or offices are close together, such as apartment buildings or office complexes, there may be wireless
networks nearby that can conflict with your wireless network. Use the Site Survey capabilities found in the Wireless Utility of your
wireless adapter to locate any other wireless networks that are available (see your wireless adapter’s user manual), and switch
your Router and computers to a channel as far away from other networks as possible.
Experiment with more than one of the available channels, in order to find the clearest connection and avoid interference from
neighbouring cordless phones or other wireless devices.
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Hardware installation
1.
Connect the power adapter to the Power socket on the back of the NF7.
2.
Plug the power adapter into the wall socket and switch on the power.
3.
Wait approximately 60 seconds for the NF7 to power up.
Connecting via a cable
1.
Connect the yellow Ethernet cable provided to one of the ports marked ‘LAN’ at the back of the NF7.
2.
Connect the other end of the yellow Ethernet cable to your computer.
3.
Wait approximately 30 seconds for the connection to establish.
4.
Open your Web browser, and enter http://192.168.20.1 into the address bar and press enter.
5.
Follow the steps to set up your NF7.
Connecting wirelessly
1.
Ensure WiFi is enabled on your device (computer/laptop/Smartphone).
2.
Scan for wireless networks in your area and connect to the network name that matches the Wireless network name
configured on the NF7.
Note: Refer to the included Wireless Security Card for the default SSID and wireless security key of your NF7
3.
When prompted for your wireless security settings, enter the Wireless security key configured on the NF7.
4.
Wait approximately 30 seconds for the connection to establish.
5.
Open your Web browser, and enter http://192.168.20.1 into the address bar and press Enter.
6.
Follow the steps to set up your NF7.
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Web Based Configuration
Interface
First-time Setup Wizard
Please follow the steps below to configure your NF7 Wireless router via the web based configuration wizard.
Open your web browser (e.g. Internet Explorer/Firefox/Safari) and type http://192.168.20.1/ into the address bar at the top of
the window.
At the login screen, type admin in the username and password field, then click the Login button.
Note: admin is the default username and password for the unit.
1.
Click on Yes, let’s get started with the wizard.
The wizard assists you in configuring the router and entering the information required to setup your Internet connection.
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2.
Use the WAN type field to select the type of WAN connection:
Dynamic IP Address
a.
Enter the Host Name (Optional)
b.
Enter the MAC Address of your device which is registered with the ISP
Static IP Address
a.
Enter the Static IP Address
b.
Enter the Static Subnet Mask
c.
Enter the Static Gateway
d.
Enter the Static Primary and Secondary DNS.
PPP over Ethernet (or PPPoE)
Enter the PPPoE Username and Password supplied by your service provider.
PPTP
a.
Enter the Server IP Address/Name
b.
Enter the PPTP Account and PPTP Password.
L2TP
a.
Enter the Server IP Address/Name
b.
Enter the PPTP Account and PPTP Password.
Click Next when you have entered the required details.
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3.
If you want to change the Wireless network settings, you can do so on this page. You can enable or disable the Wireless
network, select whether to broadcast your SSID or not and change the Wireless network name. Change the settings as
needed and click Next.
(If you wish to use the default settings, click Next)
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4.
You can change the WiFi security key if you wish by using the Security Key Type drop down list and then typing in a new
security key in the Security Key field. The Security key must be at least 8 characters long. Click Next to continue.
5.
If you want to change the system username or password, enter the new username in the Desired Username field and then
enter the new password into both the Desired Password and Retype Password fields and then click Next.
(If you do not wish to change the password, leave the fields blank and click Next).
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6.
Confirm the setup information and click Finish if everything is correct. You can also click Back to go back and change any of
the previously configured settings.
When you click Finish, the wizard applies your settings and the Advanced Status view is displayed. Your WiFi Gigabit Router is
ready to use.
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Basic View
When you log in to the router, the Basic View is displayed. Basic View gives you the most important information at a glance.
Status
The Status tab displays the following information:
The selected WAN type
The current WAN IP Address and Subnet Mask
The WAN Gateway Address
The number of clients connected on the 2.4GHz wireless network
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Wireless
The wireless tab displays the following options:
Turn Wireless (WiFi) on or off
Turn SSID Broadcast on or off
Set the SSID (WiFi Network Name)
Set the Wireless Security Key
If you make any changes to the Wireless configuration, Click the Save and apply the changes button to make these changes
active.
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WAN
The WAN tab provides configuration options for your WAN connection. The available WAN types are:
Dynamic IP Address
Static IP Address
PPP over Ethernet
PPTP
L2TP
Select the correct WAN type and enter the appropriate information in the fields provided. When you have finished, click Save and
apply the changes to make them active.
Note: Saving any configuration changes on this page will make the xDSL connection the primary method of connecting to
the Internet and disable the ADSL connection.
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Advanced Configuration
To access the advanced configuration options of your NF7, you need to log in to the web configuration and change to Advanced
view.
To do this, open your web browser (e.g. Internet Explorer/Firefox/Safari), type http://192.168.20.1/ into the address bar at the
top of the window and press the Enter key.
At the login screen, type admin in the Username and Password field and click the Login button.
Note: admin is the default username and password for the unit.
Click on the Switch to Advanced View link at the bottom of the page. The Advanced Status page is displayed.
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Status
ITEM
DESCRIPTION
IPv4 System Status
Remaining Lease Time
The period remaining for the IPv4 address lease.
IP Address
The IP Address assigned to the router.
Subnet Mask
The Subnet Mask of the router.
Gateway
The router’s gateway.
Domain Name Server
The IP addresses of the primary and secondary Domain Name Servers.
IPv6 System Status
WAN Link-Local Address
The link-local address assigned to the router on the WAN side. The router will process
packets destined to link-local addresses but will not forward them to other links.
Global IPv6 Address
The publicly routable and reachable IPv6 internet address.
LAN IPv6 Link-Local Address
The link-local address assigned to the router on the LAN side. The router will process
packets destined to link-local addresses but will not forward them to other links.
Link Status
The current status of the IPv6 link.
Wireless Status
Wireless mode
The status of the wireless radio.
SSID
The SSID of the wireless network.
Channel
The channel number in use by the wireless radio.
Security
The form of encryption in use on the router for the wireless network.
Statistics Information
Octets
The number of data packets which have passed into and out of the router.
Unicast packets
The number of unicast packets which have passed into and out of the router.
Multicast packets
The number of multicast packets which have passed into and out of the router.
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Network Setup
Network Setup
This page allows you to configure the Ethernet WAN (Wide Area Network) connection settings on the NF7.
Ethernet WAN
WAN Type: You can select from the following WAN types:Dynamic IP
Static IP
PPP over Ethernet
PPTP
L2TP
Dynamic IP Address
OPTION
DEFINITION
WAN Interface
The interface to configure.
WAN Type
Use the drop down list to select the type of WAN connection you want to use.
Host Name
ISP Registered MAC Address
Set the hostname for your connection
(Optional - Refer to your ISP for more information).
You can change the WAN port MAC address if needed to clone your 3G modem
(Optional - Refer to your ISP for more information).
NAT
This option enables or disables "Network Address Translation" for this connection type.
Multicast
Allows you to select the method of multicast or disable it.
IGMP Snooping
Allows you to enable or disable IGMP Snooping. IGMP Snooping configures the router to listen to IGMP conversations
between hosts and routers and maintain a map of the links that need IP multicast streams.
VLAN TAG
VLAN tagging is primarily used in virtual networks which span over multiple switches. VLAN tagging involves the router
inserting a VLAN ID into a packet header in order to identify which CLAN the packet belongs to. You may enable VLAN
tagging and specify the ID with a value between 1 and 4094.
VLAN PRI
The priority of the VLAN
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Static IP Address
OPTION
DEFINITION
WAN Interface
The interface to configure.
WAN Type
Use the drop down list to select the type of WAN connection you want to use.
WAN IP Address
The static IP address assigned to you by your internet service provider.
WAN Subnet Mask
The subnet mask of the IP address assigned to you by your internet service provider.
WAN Gateway
The WAN Gateway provided to you by your internet service provider.
Primary DNS
This feature allows you to manually assign a Primary DNS Server
(Optional - Refer to your ISP for more information).
Secondary DNS
This feature allows you to manually assign a Secondary DNS Server (Optional - Refer to your ISP for more information).
NAT
This option enables or disables "Network Address Translation" for this connection type.
Multicast
Allows you to select the method of multicast or disable it.
IGMP Snooping
Allows you to enable or disable IGMP Snooping. IGMP Snooping configures the router to listen to IGMP conversations
between hosts and routers and maintain a map of the links that need IP multicast streams.
VLAN TAG
VLAN tagging is primarily used in virtual networks which span over multiple switches. VLAN tagging involves the router
inserting a VLAN ID into a packet header in order to identify which CLAN the packet belongs to. You may enable VLAN
tagging and specify the ID with a value between 1 and 4094.
VLAN PRI
The priority of the VLAN
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PPP over Ethernet
OPTION
DEFINITION
WAN Interface
The interface to configure.
WAN Type
Use the drop down list to select the type of WAN connection you want to use.
Username
The account name given to you by your ISP.
Password
The password given to you by your ISP.
Primary DNS
This feature allows you to manually assign a Primary DNS Server
(Optional - Refer to your ISP for more information).
Secondary DNS
This feature allows you to manually assign a Secondary DNS Server (Optional - Refer to your ISP for more information).
Connection Control
This option allows you to select how the router should handle the Ethernet WAN connection. There are 3 options:
Connect-on-demand: detects when a request from a machine on the local network makes a request to a remote
network and establishes a connection upon receiving the request.
Auto-reconnect (always-on): automatically reconnects the connection when it drops so that the internet connection is
always on.
Manually: Requires that you manually press the Connect button on the Status page in order to establish a broadband
connection.
Maximum Idle Time
When Connection Control is set to Connect-on-demand or Manually, the Maximum Idle Time field becomes available to
allow you to specify how long the connection should be idle before it is disconnected. Enter an idle time in seconds.
Service Name
Enter the service name if your ISP requires it
(Optional - Refer to your ISP for more information).
Assigned IP Address
Enter the IP address assigned to your service. This is usually left blank.
MTU
The default MTU value is 0 (auto). It is set automatically when you connect.
NAT
This option enables or disables "Network Address Translation" for this connection type
Multicast
Allows you to select the method of multicast or disable it.
IGMP Snooping
Allows you to enable or disable IGMP Snooping. IGMP Snooping configures the router to listen to IGMP conversations
between hosts and routers and maintain a map of the links that need IP multicast streams.
VLAN TAG
VLAN tagging is primarily used in virtual networks which span over multiple switches. VLAN tagging involves the router
inserting a VLAN ID into a packet header in order to identify which CLAN the packet belongs to. You may enable VLAN
tagging and specify the ID with a value between 1 and 4094.
VLAN PRI
The priority of the VLAN
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PPTP
OPTION
DEFINITION
WAN Interface
The interface to configure.
WAN Type
Use the drop down list to select the type of WAN connection you want to use.
IP Mode
Select to use either a static or dynamically assigned IP address for your connection. When selecting to utilise a static IP
address, you will also need to enter the PPTP IP Address, PPTP Subnet Mask and PPTP Default gateway in use for the
connection
(Refer to your PPTP administrator for more information).
Server IP Address/Name
Enter the PPTP server name or IP Address.
PPTP Account
Enter the PPTP username supplied by your PPTP administrator.
PPTP Password
Enter the PPTP password supplied by your PPTP administrator.
Connection ID
Enter an Optional name to identify the PPTP connection.
Maximum Idle Time
When Connection Control is set to Connect-on-demand or Manually, the Maximum Idle Time field becomes available to
allow you to specify how long the connection should be idle before it is disconnected. Enter an idle time in seconds.
Connection Control
This option allows you to select how the router should handle the Ethernet WAN connection. There are 3 options:
Connect-on-demand: detects when a request from a machine on the local network makes a request to a remote
network and establishes a connection upon receiving the request.
Auto-reconnect (always-on): automatically reconnects the connection when it drops so that the internet connection is
always on.
Manually: Requires that you manually press the Connect button on the Status page in order to establish a broadband
connection.
MTU
The default MTU value is 0 (auto). It is set automatically when you connect.
MPPE
Select to enable or disable the MPPE security extensions for the PPTP connection.
Multicast
Allows you to select the method of multicast or disable it.
IGMP Snooping
Allows you to enable or disable IGMP Snooping. IGMP Snooping configures the router to listen to IGMP conversations
between hosts and routers and maintain a map of the links that need IP multicast streams.
VLAN TAG
VLAN tagging is primarily used in virtual networks which span over multiple switches. VLAN tagging involves the router
inserting a VLAN ID into a packet header in order to identify which CLAN the packet belongs to. You may enable VLAN
tagging and specify the ID with a value between 1 and 4094.
VLAN PRI
The priority of the VLAN
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L2TP
OPTION
DEFINITION
WAN Interface
The interface to configure.
WAN Type
Use the drop down list to select the type of WAN connection you want to use.
IP Mode
Select to use either a static or dynamically assigned IP address for your connection. When selecting to utilise a static IP
address, you will also need to enter the L2TP IP Address, L2TP Subnet Mask and L2TP Default gateway in use for the
connection
(Refer to your PPTP administrator for more information).
Server IP Address/Name
Enter the L2TP server name or IP Address.
L2TP Account
Enter the L2TP username supplied by your L2TP administrator.
L2TP Password
Enter the L2TP password supplied by your L2TP administrator.
Maximum Idle Time
When Connection Control is set to Connect-on-demand or Manually, the Maximum Idle Time field becomes available to
allow you to specify how long the connection should be idle before it is disconnected. Enter an idle time in seconds.
Connection Control
This option allows you to select how the router should handle the Ethernet WAN connection. There are 3 options:
Connect-on-demand: detects when a request from a machine on the local network makes a request to a remote
network and establishes a connection upon receiving the request.
Auto-reconnect (always-on): automatically reconnects the connection when it drops so that the internet connection is
always on.
Manually: Requires that you manually press the Connect button on the Status page in order to establish a broadband
connection.
MTU
The default MTU value is 0 (auto). It is set automatically when you connect.
MPPE
Select to enable or disable the MPPE security extensions for the L2TP connection.
Multicast
Allows you to select the method of multicast or disable it.
IGMP Snooping
Allows you to enable or disable IGMP Snooping. IGMP Snooping configures the router to listen to IGMP conversations
between hosts and routers and maintain a map of the links that need IP multicast streams.
VLAN TAG
VLAN tagging is primarily used in virtual networks which span over multiple switches. VLAN tagging involves the router
inserting a VLAN ID into a packet header in order to identify which CLAN the packet belongs to. You may enable VLAN
tagging and specify the ID with a value between 1 and 4094.
VLAN PRI
The priority of the VLAN
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DHCP Server
This page allows you to change the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server settings on the NF7. The DHCP Server
enables computers or devices connecting to the NF7 to automatically obtain their network configuration settings. By default, the
DHCP server is enabled.
The LAN IP Address and Subnet Mask fields offer the ability to configure the IP address of the router locally and the subnet mask.
OPTION
DHCP Server
LAN IP Address
DEFINITION
Enable or disable the DHCP server.
The local IP address of the NF7.
(The computers on your network must use this IP address as their Default Gateway. You can change it if necessary.)
Subnet Mask
Enter the subnet mask for use on the local network. This would usually be set to 255.255.255.0.
IP Pool Starting/Ending Address
Whenever there is a request, the DHCP server will automatically allocate an unused IP address from the IP address pool
to the requesting computer. You must specify the starting / ending address of the IP address pool
Lease Time
Length of the DHCP lease time
Domain Name
Optional, this information will be passed to the client
Primary DNS
Optional, this information will be passed to the client
Secondary DNS
Optional, this information will be passed to the client
Primary WINS
Optional, this information will be passed to the client
Secondary WINS
Optional, this information will be passed to the client
Gateway
Optional, this information will be passed to the client
When you have finished configuring the DHCP Server settings, click Save to save your settings. If you want to cancel any changes
you have made before saving them, click the Undo button.
Use the Clients List button to check the DHCP client list. The Fixed Mapping button allows you to map a specific IP address to a
specific MAC address. The following pages describe these features in more detail.
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DHCP Client LIst
This is the list of currently connected devices using DHCP.
If you wish to set a permanent IP address for a particular DHCP client (or device), select the appropriate DHCP client by clicking in
the "Select" box. This will ensure the clients current IP address is always assigned to it.
DHCP Fixed Mapping
DHCP Fixed Mapping allows you to reserve a specific IP address for a specific device.
The DHCP Server will reserve a specific IP for a device based on that device’s unique MAC address.
You can enter a new fixed mapping by entering the MAC address of the device and the IP address you wish to allocate to it.
Select the Enable checkbox to activate the DHCP fixed mapping entry.
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Wireless
The Wireless page allows you to configure the options related to the wireless network of the router.
OPTION
DEFINITION
Wireless Module
Select to enable or disable the 2.4GHz Wireless network function of the NF7.
Network ID (SSID)
Network ID is used for identifying the Wireless LAN (WLAN). Client stations can roam freely over this product and other
Access Points that have the same Network ID.
(Please refer to the included Wireless Security Card insert for your default SSID)
SSID Broadcast
The router will broadcast the SSID so that wireless clients can find the wireless network.
Channel
The wireless radio channel in use by your network.
Wireless Mode
Choose B/G Mixed, B only, G only, and N only, G/N Mixed or B/G/N mixed.
(The factory default setting is B/G/N mixed)
You may select from the following authentication types to secure your wireless network:
Authentication

Open

Shared

Auto

WPA

WPA-PSK

WPA2

WPA2-PSK

WPA/WPA2

WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK.
WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK is a newer type of security. This type of security gives a more secure network compared to WEP. Use
TKIP Encryption Type for WPA-PSK and AES for WPA2-PSK.
Please enter the key in the “Preshare Key”. The key needs to be more than 8 characters and less than 63 characters. It can
be any combination of letters and numbers.
(Please refer to the included Wireless Security Card insert for your default WPA-PSK2 key)
802.1X
When Authentication is set to Open, you can enable 802.1X which enables Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) over
wired or wireless networks.
Encryption
Select the type of encryption for your network. These options vary depending on the type of Authentication selected.
Note: The configuration for WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK is identical
After configuring wireless security, you also need to configure your wireless adapter to use the same security settings before you
can connect wirelessly. Not all wireless adapters support WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK/WPA/WPA2 security. Please refer to your
wireless adapter user guide for more information.
It is strongly recommended that you set up wireless security such as WPA-PSK (when the wireless client supports WPA) in order
to secure your network.
Click Save to save these settings or click Undo to cancel.
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Change Password
This page allows you to change the NF7 web configuration password.
Type in the old password (the factory default username and password is admin) and then type in the new password.
Re-enter the new password in the Reconfirm field and click Save.
Port Configuration
The port configuration page allows you to configure the mode of each of the Ethernet ports on the rear of the device. By default
they are all set to Auto which means they can automatically detect and select the highest speed common to both connected
devices. If you require to restrict the speed of any of the ports, you may use the drop down lists for the appropriate port to select
100Mbps / Full Duplex, 10Mbps / Full Duplex, 100Mbps / Half Duplex or 10Mbps / Half Duplex as required.
When you have finished configuring the ports, click the Save button to confirm the settings.
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Forwarding Rules
The Forwarding Rules page allows you to configure the port forwarding management on the router. Click on any of the menu
items on the left to access the respective settings page.
Forwarding rules are a necessary feature as by default NAT (Network Address Translation) will automatically block incoming traffic
from the Internet to the LAN unless a specific port mapping exists in the NAT translation table. Because of this, NAT provides a
level of protection for computers that are connected to your LAN.
However this also creates a connectivity problem when you want to make LAN resources available to Internet clients. For
example, to play network games or host network applications.
There are three ways to work around NAT and to enable certain LAN resources available from the Internet:
Port Forwarding
Port Triggering
DMZ Host
Port Forwarding
A virtual server is defined as a Service Port, and all requests to this port will be redirected to the computer specified by the Server
IP.
Port Forwarding can also work with Scheduling Rules, and give you more flexibility on Access control.
Note: For further instructions on scheduling rules, please refer to the “Scheduling” section later in this guide
For example, if you have an FTP server (the default port is 21) at 192.168.1.10, a Web server (the default port is 80) at
192.168.20.40, and a VPN server (the default port is 1723) at 192.168.20.60, then you would need to specify the following virtual
server mappings:
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Note: At any given time, only one IP address can be bound to a particular Service Port.
SERVICE PORT
SERVER IP
ENABLE
USE RULE#
21
12.168.1.10

(0) Always
80
192.168.20.40

(0) Always
1723
192.168.20.60

(0) Always
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
Port Triggering
Some applications like online games, video conferencing and Internet telephony require multiple connections to the internet. As
such, these applications cannot work with a pure NAT router such as the NF7.
The Port Triggering feature allows some of these applications to work with this router.
Note: If this fails to make the application work, try to configure that computer as the DMZ host instead.
(For further instructions on setting up a DMZ host, please refer to the “Miscellaneous” section below)
OPTION
DEFINITION
Trigger
The outbound port number that will be triggered by the application..
Incoming Ports
When the trigger packet is detected, the inbound packets sent to the specified port numbers will be allowed to pass through
the firewall.
Enable
Select to enable or disable the configured special application entry.
The NF7 also provides predefined settings for some popular applications.
To use the predefined settings, select your application from the Popular applications drop down list, select an unused ID from the
list and then click Copy to. The predefined settings will then be added to the list.
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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Miscellaneous
A Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) Host is a computer without the protection of firewall. It allows that particular computer to be exposed
to unrestricted 2-way communication to the internet. It is mostly used for Internet games, Video conferencing, Internet telephony
and other special applications.
To enable DMZ, enter the IP address of the computer you want to be live on the internet and select the Enable option.
Note: This feature should be used only when required as it exposes the selected machine to the greater Internet without
security.
OPTION
DEFINITION
DMZ Mode
Select from Single Mode or Multi Mode. Single Mode uses the currently active connection type for the DMZ host while Multi
Mode allows you to specify which connection type should be placed in the DMZ.
IP Address of DMZ Host
Enter the IP address of the computer you wish to put in the DMZ.
UPnP Setting
The device also supports uPnP. If the DMZ host operating system supports this function enable it to automatically configure the
required network settings.
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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Security Settings
The Security Settings page allows you to configure the security management on the router such as Packet filters and MAC
Control. The following pages describe the various security options available
Status
The Status page lists any currently configured filtering for the Outbound, Inbound and Domain filters.
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Packet Filters
The Packet Filter enables you to control what packets are allowed to pass through the router. There are two types of packet filter,
Outbound Packet Filter which applies to all outbound packets and the Inbound Packet Filter which only applies to packets that are
destined for a Virtual Server or DMZ host only.
Note: For further instructions on setting up MAC Level Filtering, please refer to the “MAC Control” section below
Outbound Filter:
To enable an Outbound Filter, tick the Enable tick box at the top of the page.
There are two types of filtering policies:
Allow all data traffic to pass except those that match the specified rules.
Deny all data traffic to pass except those that match the specified rules.
You can specify up to 48 filtering rules for each direction (Inbound or Outbound). For each rule you will need to define the
following:
Source IP address
Source port
Destination IP address
Destination port
Protocol: TCP or UDP or both.
Use Schedule Rule#
For source or destination IP address, you can define a single IP address (192.168.1.1) or a range of IP addresses (192.168.1.100192.168.20.200). Leaving these fields empty implies all IP addresses are matched.
For source or destination port, you can also define a single port (80) or a range of ports (1000-1999). Use the prefix "T" or "U" to
specify either the TCP or UDP protocol e.g. T80, U53, U2000-2999. No prefix indicates both
TCP and UDP are defined. Leaving this field empty implies all ports are matched.
The Packet Filter also works with Scheduling Rules, and gives you more flexibility on Access control.
Note: For further instructions on scheduling rules, please refer to the “Scheduling” section later in this guide
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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Inbound Filter
To access the Inbound Packet Filter page, click on the Inbound Filter button on the bottom of the Outbound Filter page. All the
settings on this page are the same as those for the Outbound Filter shown on the previous page.
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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Domain Filters
Domain Filters enable you to prevent users from accessing specific domain addresses.
To enable the Domain Filter, select the Enable tick box at the top of the page.
OPTION
DEFINITION
Domain Filter
Select to enable or disable domain filtering.
Log DNS Query
Enable this if you want to log when someone accesses filtered URLs.
Privilege IP Addresses Range
Set a group of computers that has unrestricted access to the internet
To set a Domain Filter, you need to specify the following:
OPTION
DEFINITION
Domain Suffix
Please type the suffix of the URL that needs to be restricted. For example, ".com", "xxx. com".
Action
The router action that you want when someone is accessing a URL that matches the specified domain suffix. Select Drop
to block the access and/or select Log to log this access.
Enable
Select to enable the rule.
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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URL Blocking
URL Blocking blocks LAN computers from connecting to a pre-defined website. The major difference between the Domain Filter
and URL Blocking is that Domain Filtering requires you to input a suffix (e.g. xxx.com, yyy.net) while URL Blocking only requires
you to input a keyword.
To enable URL Blocking, select the Enable option at the top of the page.
To set a URL Blocking rule, you need to specify the following:
OPTION
DEFINITION
URL
If any part of the Website’s URL matches the pre-defined word then the connection will be blocked. For example, you can use
pre-defined word "sex" to block all websites if their URLs contain the pre-defined word "sex".
Enable
Tick to enable the rule.
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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MAC Control
MAC Control allows you to assign different access rights for different users and to assign a specific IP address to a specific MAC
address.
To enable MAC Address Control, select the Enable option at the top of the page.
Two types of MAC Control are available:
OPTION
DEFINITION
Connection control (C column)
Use this to control which clients (wired and wireless) can connect to the unit. If a client is denied access to connect to
this device, it means the client cannot access the Internet either. Choose to allow or deny clients with MAC addresses
that are not in the list to connect to this device.
Association control (A column)
Check Association Control to control which wireless client can associate with the unit. If a client is denied access to
associate with the unit, it means the client cannot send or receive any data via this device. Choose to allow or deny the
clients with MAC addresses that are not in the list to associate to the wireless LAN.
Note: Click the "Next Page" or the "Previous Page" buttons to see the entire list
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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Miscellaneous
This page allows you to change various security settings on the unit.
OPTION
DEFINITION
Administrator Time-out
The period of time with no activity in the web configuration page to logout automatically, set this to zero to disable this
feature.
Remote Administrator Host/Port
Normally only Intranet users can browse the built-in web pages to perform administration tasks. This feature enables
you to perform administration tasks from a remote host. If this feature is enabled, only the specified IP address can
perform remote administration.
Discard PING from WAN side
When this feature is enabled, your router will not respond to ping requests from remote hosts.
DoS Attack Detection
When this feature is enabled, the router will detect and log where the DoS attack comes from on the Internet.
Keep WAN in stealth mode
When enabled, the router protects you by ignoring port scans. Port scans are often performed by attackers as a
means of finding which services are running on your network in order to find an entry point.
Note: If the specified IP address is 0.0.0.0, any host can connect to the router to perform administration tasks. You can
also use a subnet mask (/nn) to specify a group of trusted IP addresses for example, "10.1.2.0/24".
When Remote Administration is enabled, the web server port will be shifted to 80.
You can also change the web server port. When enabled, the router can detect the following (and more) DoS attack types:
SYN Attack
WinNuke
Port Scan
Ping of Death
Land Attack
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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Advanced Settings
The Advanced Settings page allows you to configure the advanced settings on the router such as the System log, Dynamic DNS
and SNMP options.
Status
The Status page displays the current System time, and lists any configured Dynamic DNS (DDNS) accounts, any Static or
Dynamic Routes added or any Quality of Service (QoS) rules in place.
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System Log
This enables you to set up the system log features of the router. You can also choose to send the system log to a remote syslog
server (via a UDP connection) or email a copy to a recipient.
OPTION
DEFINITION
IP Address for remote System Logs (syslog)
The IP address of the syslog server where the system log data will be sent. Click the "Enable" checkbox to
enable this function.
Email address to send syslog to
Click the “Enable” checkbox to enable this function.
SMTP Server : port
Enter the IP address or fully qualified domain name (FQDN) and port for the selected email server.
SMTP Username
The SMTP username required to send email (if required).
SMTP Password
The SMTP password required to send email (if required).
Email Addresses
Enter the email addresses to send a copy of the current syslog to.
Email Subject
Enter the email subject to show on any sent emails.
View Log…
View the current system log.
Email Log Now
Email the current syslog to the entered email addresses.
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Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS feature enables users to set a static domain name for their internet connection even when the ISP only
provides a dynamic IP address.
By mapping the host name to the current public IP address of the router, users who want to connect to the router or any services
behind the router from the internet can just use the Dynamic DNS hostname instead of the IP Address which might change every
time the router connects to the Internet.
Before you can use a Dynamic DNS service, you need to register an account on one of the many supported Dynamic DNS
providers such as DynDNS.org, TZO.com or dhs.org.
After registering the account, the Dynamic DNS provider will provide you with the following details:
Host Name
Username/Email
Password/Key
To enable the Dynamic DNS feature on the unit, select the Enable option, choose the appropriate Dynamic DNS Provider and
enter the details supplied by your Dynamic DNS provider.
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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QoS
Quality of Service (QoS) is a collection of network technologies which allow configuration of different priorities for different
applications, users or data flows in order to guarantee a certain level of performance. The ultimate goal of QoS is to guarantee that
the network delivers predictable results for availability, throughput, latency and error rate. QoS is especially important in ensuring
the smooth operation of real-time streaming applications such as Voice over IP (VoIP), IPTV and online games.
As part of a strategy to provide Quality of Service, the NF7 supports Type of Service (ToS), the Differentiated Services (DiffServ)
architecture and IEEE P802.1p priority tags (specified in the IEEE 802.1Q standard). DiffServ is a mechanism for classifying and
managing network traffic by marking each packet on the network with a Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) which is a field
in an IP packet used for classification purposes and operates at the IP layer. The NF7 also supports 802.1p priority tags which
operate at the media access control (MAC) level. ToS, like DSCP, is a field in the header of IP packets that marks packets with
different types of service such as minimize delay, maximize throughput, maximize reliability, minimize cost or normal service.
OPTION
DEFINITION
QoS
Use the drop down list to Enable or Disable QoS.
WAN Interface
Use the drop down list to select the interface to which QoS should apply.
QoS Mode
Use the drop down list to select the type of QoS to apply. Smart-QoS lets the router decide on the best settings based
on the types of service you select below and the percentage setting assigned to each type of service. Higher
percentages give a higher quality of service for that service type.
Bandwidth of Upstream
Enter the upstream bandwidth in Kilobits per second of your connection so that the router can calculate the best QoS
settings.
Bandwidth of Downstream
Enter the downstream bandwidth in Kilobits per second of your connection so that the router can calculate the best
QoS settings.
Flexible Bandwidth Management
In Smart-QoS mode, when Flexible Bandwidth Management is enabled, you are able to select certain types of traffic to
prioritise. The bandwidth allocated to each type of traffic is automatically divided by the number of types selected, for
example, if you select “Game”, “VoIP” and “Video”, the router reserves 10% of bandwidth for other types of traffic and
splits the remaining 90% of bandwidth equally among the 3 selected types, allowing each type 30% of bandwidth
when each type of traffic is concurrently in use. If, for example, only two types of that traffic are in use, the 30%
bandwidth allocated to the type of traffic not in use is re-distributed to other applications.
When Flexible Bandwidth Management is disabled, you are able to manually specify the percentage of bandwidth to
allocate to each type of traffic, however, you must still allow for 10% of bandwidth to be reserved for other types of
traffic.
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Basic QoS configuration
To configure QoS:
1. Set the QoS item to Enable.
2. The WAN Interface item displays the current WAN interface in use by the router and therefore to which interface the
configuration applies.
3. Use the QoS Mode drop down list to set the QoS mode to Smart-QoS.
4. In the Bandwidth of Upstream field, enter the total upstream bandwidth of your broadband connection in Kilobits per
second.
5. In the Bandwidth of Downstream field, enter the total downstream bandwidth of your broadband connection in Kilobits
per second.
6. The Flexible Bandwidth Management option, when enabled, stipulates that you would like the router to manage the
prioritisation of the selected traffic types on your behalf. When it is disabled, you have a greater degree of control by
specifying a percentage of bandwidth that should be dedicated to a particular type of traffic. Choose whether you want it
enabled or disabled and then select the types of traffic you want to give priority to. If you chose to disable flexible
bandwidth management, in the Setting column you must also specify the percentage of bandwidth you wish to allocate
for each type of traffic.
Note: The Setting column’s percentage figures must add up to 90%. The remaining 10% of bandwidth is reserved for
other types of network traffic.
Advanced QoS configuration
To configure QoS:
1. Set the QoS item to Enable.
2. The WAN Interface item displays the current WAN interface in use by the router and therefore to which interface the
configuration applies.
3. Use the QoS Mode drop down list to select User-defined QoS Rule to display the QoS rules table.
4.
5.
6.
In the Bandwidth of Upstream field, enter the total upstream bandwidth of your broadband connection in Kilobits per
second.
In the Bandwidth of Downstream field, enter the total downstream bandwidth of your broadband connection in Kilobits
per second.
The Flexible Bandwidth Management option, when enabled, stipulates that you would like the router to manage the
prioritisation of the selected traffic types automatically. When it is disabled, you have a greater degree of control by
specifying a percentage of bandwidth that should be dedicated to a particular type of traffic. Choose whether you want it
enabled or disabled and then select the types of traffic you want to give priority to. If you chose to disable flexible
bandwidth management, in the Setting column you must also specify the percentage of bandwidth you wish to allocate
for each type of traffic.
Note: The Setting column’s percentage figures must add up to 90%. The remaining 10% of bandwidth is reserved for
other types of network traffic.
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7.
Click the Add A New Rule button. A new screen to configure a QoS rule is displayed.
8.
For the Rule item, check the Enable option. Use the descriptions in the table below to complete the rest of the settings
for the rule. When the Class field is set to TCPPORT, UDPPORT, MAC, TOS or VLANPRI, you are able to add a
conjunction rule. Click the Add A Conjunction (AND) Rule button that appears at the bottom of the page to add a
conjunction rule.
OPTION
DEFINITION
Rule
Select to enable or disable the QoS rule.
Class
Select the class of traffic you would like to prioritise. This may be IP, TCP Port, UDP Port, MAC address,
DSCP, ToS or VLAN Priority field.
Class Info
This field is only displayed when you select the Class field to be IP, TCPPORT, UDPPORT, MAC or VLANPRI.
Enter the appropriate details for the class you have chosen e.g. an IP address, a TCP or UDP port number, a
MAC address or a VLAN Priority flag.
IP mask
Only displayed when Class is set to IP. Enter the subnet mask of the IP address specified in the Class Info –
IP field.
Protocol
Use the drop down list to select the protocol to which the rule should apply. This may be TCP, UDP or ICMP.
DiffServ CodePoint
Use the drop down list to select the DiffServ CodePoint that will be marked in the header of IP packets. There
are 7 IP Precedence classes which are used in Type of Service headers but are also backwards compatible
with DiffServ routers. The IP Precedence codes mark priority traffic. Assured Forwarding (AF) marks are also
available. AF marks assign a drop precedence to each packet which defines the likelihood that a packet is
dropped if traffic exceeds the subscribed rate. The last type of code is the Expedited Forwarding (EF) code.
Packets marked EF have the properties of low delay, low loss and low jitter. This makes EF packets desirable
for real-time streaming services for voice and video.
Service Type
This field is only displayed when the Class field is set to DSCP. The Service Type field specifies the type of
packets to which the rule should apply. Use the drop down list to select the service type. The TCP/UDP port
numbers are listed in brackets after each item.
Type of Service
The Type of Service field is only displayed when Class is set to TOS. Use the Type of Service drop down list
to specify whether the QoS rule should minimize delay, maximize throughput, maximize reliability, minimize
cost or just provide normal service.
Function
Select the function of the rule. You can select from Priority, Marking, Max Rate, Min Rate, Session, Drop, Log
or Alert.
Function data
This field changes depending on the selected function. When Function is set to PRI (Priority), the Function
data field should contain a priority value from 1 to 6 with 1 being the highest priority. When Function is set to
MARKING, the Function data field allows you to specify a DiffServ Code Point marking for the packets. When
the Function field is set to MAXR (Max Rate) or MINR (Minimum Rate), the Function data field should contain
a data transfer rate in either Kilobits per second (KBps) or Megabits per second (MBps). This represents the
minimum or maximum rate that the packet should expect to achieve on the network. When the Function field
is set to SESSION, the Function data field should contain an integer representing the maximum number of
sessions.
Direction
Select the direction of traffic to prioritise. Available options include In, Out or Both.
Schedule
Select a schedule for the new rule to apply. Previously created schedules are visible here or you can select
the rule to always apply.
And Rule – Class
This field is displayed only when you have selected to add a conjunction rule. A conjunction rule allows you to
add a second set of criteria with which the packets will be marked. Use the drop down list to select a second
class of traffic for the rule. The only classes that will show up are MAC, TCPPORT, UDPPORT, TOS or
VLANPRI.
And Rule – Class Info
This field is only displayed when you select to add a conjunction rule. Enter the appropriate details for the
class you have chosen e.g. a MAC address, a TCP or UDP port number, a Type of Service or a VLAN Priority
flag.
Note: For further instructions on scheduling rules, please refer to the “Scheduling” section later in this guide
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Click on Save to store your setting or Undo to discard your changes.
QoS configuration examples
Example 1.
To limit downstream bandwidth on LAN port 1 (IP address 192.168.20.2) to 100 KBps:
Click the Add a New Rule button. Enter the settings as below. When the direction is set to “IN”, the QoS function checks packets
coming from the WAN side to the LAN side.
The QoS rule is displayed in the QoS Rules Table at the bottom of the screen. The machine on LAN port 1 is now always
restricted to a maximum download speed of 100 KBps at all times.
To disable the rule, remove the check from the checkbox on the left. To delete the rule, click the X in the box after the rule
number.
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Example 2
To limit the number of sessions (per port) that can be made in an outbound direction from the machine on LAN port 1
(192.168.20.2) to 4 sessions:
Click the Add a New Rule button. Enter the settings as below. When the direction is set to “OUT”, the QoS function checks
packets going from the LAN side to the WAN side.
The QoS rule is displayed in the QoS Rules Table at the bottom of the screen. The machine on LAN port 1 will not be able to
make more than 4 simultaneous outbound connections to a server.
To disable the rule, remove the check from the checkbox on the left. To delete the rule, click the X in the box after the rule
number.
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SNMP
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is a protocol designed to give a user the capability to remotely manage a
computer network by polling and setting terminal values and monitoring network events.
OPTION
DEFINITION
Enable SNMP
You must check Local, Remote or both to enable SNMP function. If Local is checked, this device will only respond to requests
from LAN connected hosts. If Remote is checked, this device will respond to requests from the WAN connection.
Get Community
Sets the community string your device will respond to for Read-Only access.
Set Community
Sets the community string your device will respond to for Read/Write access.
IP 1, IP 2, IP 3, IP 4
Input your SNMP Management host IP here. You will need to configure the address where the device should send SNMP Trap
messages to.
SNMP Version
Please select proper SNMP Version that your SNMP Management software supports.
WAN Access IP Address
You can limit remote access to a specific IP address by entering it here.
Note: If "Remote" access is enabled, the default setting of 0.0.0.0 means any IP obtain SNMP protocol Information.
Click the Save button to store your setting or the Undo button to discard your changes.
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Routing
Routing tables allow you to determine which physical interface address to use for outgoing IP data. If you have more than one
router and subnet, you will need to configure the routing table to allow packets to find the proper routing path and allow different
subnets to communicate with each other.
These settings are used to setup the static and dynamic routing features of the NF7.
Dynamic Routing:
Routing Information Protocol (RIP) will exchange information about different host destinations for working out routes throughout
the network.
Note: Only select RIPv2 if you have a different subnet in your network. Otherwise, select RIPv1.
Static Routing:
For static routing, you can specify up to 8 routing rules.
You need to enter the destination IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and hop for each routing rule, then enable the rule by
selecting the Enable checkbox.
Click the Save button to store your setting or the Undo button to discard your changes.
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System Time
This page allows you to change the System time setting on the NF7.
OPTION
DEFINITION
Time Zone
Select the time zone where this device is located.
Auto-Synchronization
Select the "Enable" checkbox to enable this function.
Enable Daylight Saving
Enables or disables the router’s automatic daylight saving adjustment feature.
Daylight Savings Dates
Use the drop down lists to select a daylight saving start and end date and time.
Time Server
Select a NTP time server to obtain the current UTC time from.
Sync with Time Server
Select if you want to set Date and Time by NTP Protocol.
Sync with my PC
Select if you want to set Date and Time using your computers Date and Time
Click Save to save the settings or Undo to cancel.
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Scheduling
You can use scheduling to enable or disable a service at a specific time or on a specific day.
Select Enable and then click the Add New Rule button.
Select a name for the rule and enter the details such as the day, start time or end time and click the Save button
In the example below, the rule is called “Work Hours” and it is only active between 08:00 and 17:30.
You are then able to select the scheduling rule name specified from the Packet Filter configuration section to perform the
configured filtering at the scheduled time as per the screenshot below.
This example would prevent any access to the IP address 66.102.11.104 from any device connected to the router, 7 days a
week, only between the hours of 08:00 and 17:30.
Click the Save button to save the settings or the Undo button to cancel.
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IPv6
The IPv6 page enables you to configure the settings used for an IPv6 connection (if supported by your Internet Service Provider).
OPTION
DEFINITION
IPv6
Select to enable or disable IPv6 functionality.
IPv6 Interface
The IPv6 interface you wish to configure.
Select the type of IPv6 connection to utilise for your service. You can select from:
IPv6 Connection

Static IPv6

DHCPv6

PPPoE

6 to 4

IPv6 in IPv4 Tunnel
PPPoA
Select the type of connection as required by your Internet Service Provider for their IPv6 service.

DNS Setting
Select whether to automatically obtain DNS Server addresses or use the ones you manually specify.
Primary DNS Address
Enter the Primary DNS Address for the IPv6 connection.
Secondary DNS Address
Enter the Secondary DNS Address for the IPv6 connection.
LAN IPv6 Address
The IP Address to use for the IPv6 service connection.
LAN IPv6 Link-Local Address
The current local LAN IPv6 address of the NF7.
Autoconfiguration
Select to enable or disable IPv6 auto configuration (if supported by your Internet Service Provider).
Autoconfiguration Type
Select the appropriate type of auto configuration mode as required by your Internet Service Provider for their IPv6 service.
Router Advertisement Lifetime
Enter the length of time between the router advertising its availability on the IPv6 connection.
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TR-069
The TR-069 client allows the NF7 to be automatically configured from a TR-069 server. Enter the applicable configuration options
to enable the router to contact the TR-069 server and retrieve any configuration options.
OPTION
DEFINITION
TR-069
Select to enable or disable the TR-069 automatic configuration function.
ACS URL
Enter the URL of the ACS server for automatic configuration.
ACS User Name
The username required to login to the ACS server.
ACS Password
The password required to login to the ACS server.
Connection Request Port
The port number the ACS server is running on.
Connection Request Username
The username to use when a connection request is made to the CPE.
Connection Request Password
The password to use when a connection request is made to the CPE.
Inform
Select to enable or disable the Inform function for ACS connections.
Interval
Select the interval between Inform requests if Inform has been enabled.
Click the Save button to store any changes to the settings.
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VLAN
The VLAN page provides you with the ability to create Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs). A VLAN is layer-2 network which has
been partitioned to create multiple distinct broadcast domains. The purpose of this is to isolate packets so that they may only
pass between these broadcast domains via one or more routers.
OPTION
DEFINITION
The number of the physical port on the rear of the router for which the VLAN will be
created.
Ethernet
WAN/LAN
The function of the port. Port 1 only functions as a WAN port.
VID
The Virtual LAN ID you want to assign to the VLAN.
Tx TAG
Selecting this option will tag packet headers with the VLAN ID.
To adjust advanced WAN VLAN settings for a particular VID, click the WAN VLAN Settings button. The following window is
displayed:
OPTION
DEFINITION
VID
Use the drop down list to select the VID you want to configure.
Routing Type
Use the drop down list to type of routing for the selected VID.
DHCP Setting
Displays the current DHCP setting.
Setting Routing Type to Bridge displays further options:
OPTION
DEFINITION
VID
Use the drop down list to select the VID you want to configure.
Routing Type
Use the drop down list to type of routing for the selected VID.
WAN type
Use the drop down list to select which WAN type the VLAN uses.
WAN Map VLAN ID
Enter the VLAN ID to tag packets on the WAN interface.
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Toolbox
The toolbox menu provides access to various settings and maintenance functions of the router.
System Info
The System Info screen displays the general settings on the router, such as the WAN type, the date and time, the log types and
the log data.
Routing Table
The Routing table displays the current routes in place on the router.
Click the Refresh button to update this list.
Restore Settings
The Restore settings page allows you to restore a previously saved configuration of the router. This is handy for reverting to a
working configuration when making changes to the router’s settings.
To restore the router configuration, click the Browse button, select the saved configuration file and then click the Restore button.
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Firmware Upgrade
This page lets you upgrade the firmware of the router. The firmware is the system running on the router. New firmware updates
are regularly made available and can fix bugs and add new features.
Backup Settings
Click the Backup Settings menu item to save the current configuration of the router to a file for safe-keeping.
Reset to Default
Click the Reset to Default menu item to set the configuration of the router to the factory default settings.
Note: This will erase all configuration settings. Ensure you have a backup of your configuration before proceeding to reset
to default settings.
Reboot
Click the Reboot menu item to restart the router.
Startup Wizard
Click the Startup Wizard menu item if you want to run the initial wizard that showed the first time you installed your router.
Miscellaneous
The miscellaneous page provides options to send a Wake-on-LAN packet to a specified IP, ping a specified domain name or IP
address and brighten or dim the front LEDs of the router.
Logout
The Logout menu item logs you out of the router.
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Additional Product Information
Establishing a wireless connection
Windows XP (Service Pack 3)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Open the Network Connections control panel (Start -> Control Panel -> Network Connections):
Right-click on your Wireless Network Connection and select View Available Wireless Networks:
Select the wireless network listed on your included wireless security card and click Connect.
Enter the network key (refer to the included wireless security card for the default wireless network key).
The connection will show Connected.
Windows Vista
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Open the Network and Sharing Center (Start > Control Panel > Network and Sharing center).
Click on "Connect to a network".
Choose "Connect to the Internet" and click on "Next".
Select the wireless network listed on your included wireless security card and click Connect.
Enter the network key (refer to the included wireless security card for the default wireless network key).
Select the appropriate location. This will affect the firewall settings on the computer.
Click on both "Save this network" and "Start this connection automatically" and click "Next".
Windows 7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Open the Network and Sharing Center (Start > Control Panel > Network and Sharing center).
Click on "Change Adapter settings" on the left-hand side.
Right-click on "Wireless Network Connection" and select "Connect / Disconnect".
Select the wireless network listed on your included wireless security card and click Connect.
Enter the network key (refer to the included wireless security card for the default wireless network key).
You may then see a window that asks you to "Select a location for the 'wireless' network". Please select the "Home" location.
You may then see a window prompting you to setup a "HomeGroup". Click "Cancel" on this.
You can verify your wireless connection by clicking the "Wireless Signal" indicator in your system tray.
After clicking on this, you should see an entry matching the SSID of your NF7 with "Connected" next to it.
Mac OSX 10.6
1.
2.
3.
4.
Click on the Airport icon on the top right menu.
Select the wireless network listed on your included wireless security card and click Connect.
On the new window, select “Show Password”, type in the network key (refer to the included wireless security card for the
default wireless network key) in the Password field and then click on OK.
To check the connection, click on the Airport icon and there should be a tick on the wireless network name.
Note: For other operating systems, or if you use a wireless adaptor utility to configure your wireless connection, please
consult the wireless adapter documentation for instructions on establishing a wireless connection.
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Troubleshooting
Using the indicator lights (LEDs) to Diagnose Problems
The LEDs are useful aides for finding possible problem causes.
Power LED
The Power LED does not light up.
STEP
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1
Make sure that the NF7 power adaptor is connected to the device and plugged in to an appropriate power
source. Use only the supplied power adaptor.
2
Check that the NF7 and the power source are both turned on and device is receiving sufficient power.
3
Turn the NF7 off and on.
4
If the error persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this case, you should contact technical support.
Web Configuration
I cannot access the web configuration pages. CORRECTIVE ACTION
STEP
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1
Make sure you are using the correct IP address of the NF7. You can check the IP address of the device from
the Network Setup configuration page.
2
Check that you have enabled remote administration access. If you have configured an inbound packet filter,
ensure your computer’s IP address matches it.
3
Your computer’s and the NF7’s IP addresses must be on the same subnet for LAN access. You can check
the subnet in use by the router on the Network Setup page.
4
If you have changed the devices IP address, then enter the new one as the URL you enter into the address
bar of your web browser.
5
If you are still not able to access the web configuration pages, reset the router to the factory default settings
by pressing the reset button for ten seconds and then releasing it. When the Power LED begins to blink, the
defaults have been restored and the NF7 restarts. Navigate to 192.168.20.1 in your web browser and enter
“admin” (without the quotes) as the username and password.
The web configuration does not display properly.
STEP
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Delete the temporary web files and log in again. In Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and
then click the Delete Files ... button. When a Delete Files window displays, select Delete all offline
content and click OK. (Steps may vary depending on the version of your Internet browser.)
1
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Login Username and Password
I forgot my login username and/or password.
STEP
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1
Press the Reset button for ten seconds, and then release it. When the Power LED begins to blink, the defaults
have been restored and the NF7 restarts.
You can now login with the factory default username and password “admin” (without the quotes)
2
It is highly recommended to change the default username and password. Make sure you store the username
and password in a safe place.
S CORRECTIVE ACT
WLAN Interface
I cannot access the NF7 from the WLAN or ping any computer on the WLAN.
STEP
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1
Check the Wi-Fi LED on the front of the unit and verify the WLAN is enabled as per the LED Indicator section.
2
If you are using a static IP address for the WLAN connection, make sure that the IP address and the subnet
mask of the NF7 and your computer(s) are on the same subnet. You can check the routers configuration from
the Network Setup page.
TE CORREC
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Technical Data
The following table lists the hardware specifications of the NF7.
MODEL
NF7
Wireless WAN
PPP (for WCDMA / HSPA)
Ethernet WAN
1 x Gigabit WAN port (10/100/1000 Mbps)
Connectivity
1 x 10/100/1000 Mbps WAN, 4 x 10/100/1000 Mbps LAN, 1 x WLAN.
LED Indicators
Operating Temperature
Power, WWW, WiFi, WAN, LAN 1-4.
Operating temperature: 0˚C - 40˚C, Humidity: 10%-90% non-condensing
Storage temperature: -10˚C - 70˚C, Humidity: 0%-95% non-condensing
Power Input
12V DC - 1A
Dimensions & Weight
Regulatory Compliance
168 mm (L) x 119 mm (W) x 27 mm (H)
217 grams
RCM
Electrical Specifications
It is recommended that the NF7 be powered by the supplied 12V DC, 1A power supply. A replacement power supply is available
from the NetComm Wireless Online shop.
Environmental Specifications / Tolerances
The NF7 housing enables it to operate over a wide variety of temperatures from 0˚C - 40˚C (operating temperature).
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Legal & Regulatory Information
Intellectual Property Rights
All intellectual property rights (including copyright and trade mark rights) subsisting in, relating to or arising out this Manual are
owned by and vest in NetComm Wireless (ACN 002490486) (NetComm Wireless Limited) (or its licensors). This Manual does not
transfer any right, title or interest in NetComm Wireless Limited’s (or its licensors’) intellectual property rights to you.
You are permitted to use this Manual for the sole purpose of using the NetComm Wireless product to which it relates. Otherwise
no part of this Manual may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, by any means, be it electronic,
mechanical, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of NetComm Wireless Limited.
NetComm, NetComm Wireless and NetComm Wireless Limited are a trademark of NetComm Wireless Limited. All other
trademarks are acknowledged to be the property of their respective owners.
Customer Information
The Australian Communications & Media Authority (ACMA) requires you to be aware of the following information and warnings:
1.
This unit may be connected to the Telecommunication Network through a line cord which meets the requirements of the
AS/CA S008-2011 Standard.
2.
This equipment incorporates a radio transmitting device, in normal use a separation distance of 20cm will ensure radio
frequency exposure levels complies with Australian and New Zealand standards.
3.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the Standards for C-Tick and or A-Tick as set by the ACMA.
These standards are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio noise and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions detailed within this manual, may cause interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur with the installation of this product in your home or office. If this equipment does cause
some degree of interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, we encourage the user to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
4.
i.
Change the direction or relocate the receiving antenna.
ii.
Increase the separation between this equipment and the receiver.
iii.
Connect the equipment to an alternate power outlet on a different power circuit from that to which the receiver/TV is
connected.
iv.
Consult an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
The power supply that is provided with this unit is only intended for use with this product. Do not use this power supply
with any other product or do not use any other power supply that is not approved for use with this product by NetComm
Wireless. Failure to do so may cause damage to this product, fire or result in personal injury.
Consumer Protection Laws
Australian and New Zealand consumer law in certain circumstances implies mandatory guarantees, conditions and warranties
which cannot be excluded by NetComm and legislation of another country's Government may have a similar effect (together these
are the Consumer Protection Laws). Any warranty or representation provided by NetComm is in addition to, and not in
replacement of, your rights under such Consumer Protection Laws.
If you purchased our goods in Australia and you are a consumer, you are entitled to a replacement or refund for a major failure
and for compensation for any other reasonably foreseeable loss or damage. You are also entitled to have the goods repaired or
replaced if the goods fail to be of acceptable quality and the failure does not amount to a major failure. If you purchased our
goods in New Zealand and are a consumer you will also be entitled to similar statutory guarantees.
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Product Warranty
All NetComm Wireless products have a standard one (1) year warranty from date of purchase, however, some products have an
extended warranty option (refer to packaging and the warranty card) (each a Product Warranty). To be eligible for the extended
warranty option you must supply the requested warranty information to NetComm Wireless Limited within 30 days of the original
purchase date by registering online via the NetComm Wireless web site at www.netcommwireless.com. For all Product Warranty
claims you will require proof of purchase. All Product Warranties are in addition to your rights and remedies under applicable
Consumer Protection Laws which cannot be excluded (see Consumer Protection Laws Section above).
Subject to your rights and remedies under applicable Consumer Protection Laws which cannot be excluded (see the Consumer
Protection Laws Section above), the Product Warranty is granted on the following conditions:
1.
the Product Warranty extends to the original purchaser (you / the customer) and is not transferable;
2.
the Product Warranty shall not apply to software programs, batteries, power supplies, cables or other accessories
supplied in or with the product;
3.
the customer complies with all of the terms of any relevant agreement with NetComm and any other reasonable
requirements of NetComm including producing such evidence of purchase as NetComm may require;
4.
the cost of transporting product to and from NetComm’s nominated premises is your responsibility;
5.
NetComm Wireless Limited does not have any liability or responsibility under the Product Warranty where any cost, loss,
injury or damage of any kind, whether direct, indirect, consequential, incidental or otherwise arises out of events beyond
NetComm’s reasonable control. This includes but is not limited to: acts of God, war, riot, embargoes, acts of civil or
military authorities, fire, floods, electricity outages, lightning, power surges, or shortages of materials or labour; and
6.
the customer is responsible for the security of their computer and network at all times. Security features may be disabled
within the factory default settings. NetComm Wireless Limited recommends that you enable these features to enhance
your security.
Subject to your rights and remedies under applicable Consumer Protection Laws which cannot be excluded (see Section 3
above), the Product Warranty is automatically voided if:
1.
you, or someone else, use the product, or attempt to use it, other than as specified by NetComm Wireless Limited;
2.
the fault or defect in your product is the result of a voltage surge subjected to the product either by the way of power
supply or communication line, whether caused by thunderstorm activity or any other cause(s);
3.
the fault is the result of accidental damage or damage in transit, including but not limited to liquid spillage;
4.
your product has been used for any purposes other than that for which it is sold, or in any way other than in strict
accordance with the user manual supplied;
5.
your product has been repaired or modified or attempted to be repaired or modified, other than by a qualified person at
a service centre authorised by NetComm Wireless Limited; or
6.
the serial number has been defaced or altered in any way or if the serial number plate has been removed.
Limitation of Liability
This clause does not apply to New Zealand consumers. Subject to your rights and remedies under applicable Consumer
Protection Laws which cannot be excluded (see the Consumer Protection Laws Section above), NetComm Wireless Limited
accepts no liability or responsibility, for consequences arising from the use of this product. NetComm Wireless Limited reserves
the right to change the specifications and operating details of this product without notice.
If any law implies a guarantee, condition or warranty in respect of goods or services supplied, and NetComm Wireless’s liability for
breach of that condition or warranty may not be excluded but may be limited, then subject to your rights and remedies under any
applicable Consumer Protection Laws which cannot be excluded, NetComm Wireless’s liability for any breach of that guarantee,
condition or warranty is limited to: (i) in the case of a supply of goods, NetComm Wireless Limited doing any one or more of the
following: replacing the goods or supplying equivalent goods; repairing the goods; paying the cost of replacing the goods or of
acquiring equivalent goods; or paying the cost of having the goods repaired; or (ii) in the case of a supply of services, NetComm
Wireless Limited doing either or both of the following: supplying the services again; or paying the cost of having the services
supplied again.
To the extent NetComm Wireless Limited is unable to limit its liability as set out above, NetComm Wireless Limited limits its liability
to the extent such liability is lawfully able to be limited.
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Contact
Address: NETCOMM WIRELESS LIMITED Head Office
PO Box 1200, Lane Cove NSW 2066 Australia
Phone: +61(0)2 9424 2070
Fax: +61(0)2 9424 2010
Email: sales@netcommwireless.com techsupport@netcommwireless.com
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