TS-409 Turbo NAS
User Manual (Version: 2.1.0)
©Copyright 2008. QNAP Systems, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
FOREWORD
Thank you for choosing QNAP products! This user manual provides detailed instructions
of using TS-409. Please read carefully and start to enjoy the powerful functions of TS409!
NOTE
•
“TS-409” or “TS-409 Pro” is hereafter referred to as “NAS”.
•
This manual provides the description of all functions of TS-409. The product you
purchased may not support certain functions dedicated to specific models.
•
All features, functionality, and other product specifications are subject to change
without prior notice or obligation.
•
All brands and products names referred to are trademarks of their respective holders.
LIMITED WARRANTY
In no event shall the liability of QNAP Systems, Inc. (QNAP) exceed the price paid for the
product from direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential software, or its
documentation.
QNAP makes no warranty or representation, expressed, implied, or
statutory, with respect to its products or the contents or use of this documentation and
all
accompanying
software,
and
specifically
disclaims
its
quality,
performance,
merchantability, or fitness for any particular purpose. QNAP reserves the right to revise
or update its products, software, or documentation without obligation to notify any
individual or entity.
CAUTION
1.
2.
Back up your system periodically to avoid any potential data loss. QNAP
disclaims any responsibility of all sorts of data loss or recovery.
Should you return any components of the NAS package for refund or
maintenance, make sure they are carefully packed for shipping. Any form of
damages due to improper packaging will not be compensated.
2
Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS...................................................................................................................................... 3
SAFETY WARNINGS.......................................................................................................................................... 7
CHAPTER 1.
OVERVIEW.......................................................................................................................... 8
1.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................ 8
1.2
PACKAGE CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................. 10
1.3
HARDWARE ILLUSTRATION .................................................................................................................... 11
CHAPTER 2.
INSTALL NAS .................................................................................................................... 12
2.1
INSTALL HARD DISK .............................................................................................................................. 12
2.2
HARD DISK COMPATIBILITY LIST .......................................................................................................... 14
2.3
SET UP THE NAS.................................................................................................................................... 17
2.4
CHECK SYSTEM STATUS ........................................................................................................................ 19
2.5
CONFIGURE SOFTWARE SETTINGS ......................................................................................................... 21
2.5.1
Windows® Users........................................................................................................................... 21
2.5.2
Mac Users..................................................................................................................................... 32
CHAPTER 3.
ENJOY THE POWERFUL SERVICES OF THE NAS................................................... 34
3.1
SERVER ADMINISTRATION ..................................................................................................................... 39
3.2
QUICK CONFIGURATION
3.3
SYSTEM SETTINGS
................................................................................................... 40
........................................................................................................... 43
3.3.1
Server Name.................................................................................................................................. 43
3.3.2
Date & Time.................................................................................................................................. 44
3.3.3
Encoding Setting........................................................................................................................... 45
3.3.4
Configure SMTP Server ................................................................................................................ 45
3.3.5
View System Settings ..................................................................................................................... 46
3.4
NETWORK SETTINGS
........................................................................................................ 47
3.4.1
TCP/ IP Configuration.................................................................................................................. 47
3.4.2
Microsoft Networking ................................................................................................................... 50
3.4.3
Apple Network .............................................................................................................................. 52
3.4.4
NFS Service .................................................................................................................................. 52
3.4.5
Web File Manager......................................................................................................................... 53
3
3.4.6
FTP Service .................................................................................................................................. 54
3.4.7
Multimedia Station........................................................................................................................ 56
3.4.8
iTunes Service ............................................................................................................................... 56
3.4.9
Download Station ......................................................................................................................... 57
3.4.10
Web Server .................................................................................................................................... 58
3.4.11
DDNS Service ............................................................................................................................... 59
3.4.12
MySQL Server............................................................................................................................... 60
3.4.13
Surveillance Station ...................................................................................................................... 63
3.4.14
System Port Management ............................................................................................................. 70
3.4.15
View Network Settings .................................................................................................................. 71
3.5
DEVICE CONFIGURATION
................................................................................................. 73
3.5.1
SATA Disk ..................................................................................................................................... 74
3.5.2
RAID Management ....................................................................................................................... 77
3.5.3
USB Disk....................................................................................................................................... 78
3.5.4
USB Printer .................................................................................................................................. 79
3.5.4.1
Windows Users .........................................................................................................................................79
3.5.4.2
Mac Users .................................................................................................................................................82
3.6
USER MANAGEMENT
....................................................................................................... 86
3.6.1
Users............................................................................................................................................. 86
3.6.2
User Groups.................................................................................................................................. 88
3.6.3
Quota ............................................................................................................................................ 95
3.7
NETWORK SHARE MANAGEMENT
.................................................................................... 97
3.7.1
Create ........................................................................................................................................... 97
3.7.2
Property ........................................................................................................................................ 99
3.7.3
Access Control ............................................................................................................................ 100
3.7.4
Delete.......................................................................................................................................... 100
3.7.5
Restore ........................................................................................................................................ 101
3.7.6
NFS Access Control .................................................................................................................... 102
3.8
SYSTEM TOOLS
.............................................................................................................. 103
3.8.1
Alert Notification ........................................................................................................................ 103
3.8.2
Restart/ Shutdown....................................................................................................................... 104
3.8.3
Hardware Settings....................................................................................................................... 104
3.8.4
UPS............................................................................................................................................. 106
3.8.5
Hard Disk S.M.A.R.T................................................................................................................... 107
4
3.8.6
System Update ............................................................................................................................ 108
3.8.7
USB One Touch Copy Backup..................................................................................................... 109
3.8.8
Change Logo............................................................................................................................... 110
3.8.9
Back up to an External Storage Device .......................................................................................111
3.8.10
Remote Replication (Disaster Recovery) .................................................................................... 112
3.8.11
Backup/ Restore/ Reset Settings.................................................................................................. 115
3.8.12
IP Filter ...................................................................................................................................... 115
3.8.13
Network Recycle Bin................................................................................................................... 116
3.8.14
Remote Login .............................................................................................................................. 117
3.9
EVENT LOGS
.................................................................................................................. 118
3.9.1
System Event Logs ...................................................................................................................... 118
3.9.2
System Connection Logs ............................................................................................................. 119
3.9.3
On-line Users.............................................................................................................................. 120
3.9.4
System Information ..................................................................................................................... 120
CHAPTER 4.
USE FRONT USB BACKUP BUTTON.......................................................................... 121
CHAPTER 5.
MULTIMEDIA STATION ............................................................................................... 122
5.1
SHARE PHOTOS AND MULTIMEDIA FILES VIA WEB INTERFACE ............................................................ 122
5.2
ENABLE ITUNES SERVICE .................................................................................................................... 132
5.3
USE UPNP MEDIA SERVER .................................................................................................................. 134
CHAPTER 6.
6.1
DOWNLOAD STATION.................................................................................................. 137
USE DOWNLOAD SOFTWARE QGET ..................................................................................................... 147
CHAPTER 7.
WEB SERVER .................................................................................................................. 149
CHAPTER 8.
FTP SERVER .................................................................................................................... 153
CHAPTER 9.
WEB FILE MANAGER................................................................................................... 156
CHAPTER 10.
NETBAK REPLICATOR .............................................................................................. 161
CHAPTER 11.
CONFIGURING AD AUTHENTICATION ................................................................. 175
CHAPTER 12.
ACCESS THE NAS ON LINUX OS ............................................................................. 180
CHAPTER 13.
NAS MAINTENANCE................................................................................................... 181
13.1
RESTART/ SHUT DOWN SERVER ........................................................................................................... 181
13.2
RESET ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD AND NETWORK SETTINGS ............................................................ 182
13.3
DISK FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION ........................................................................................................ 183
13.4
POWER OUTAGE OR ABNORMAL SHUTDOWN....................................................................................... 183
13.5
SYSTEM SOFTWARE ABNORMAL OPERATION ....................................................................................... 184
5
13.6
SYSTEM TEMPERATURE PROTECTION .................................................................................................. 184
CHAPTER 14.
APPENDIX A
RAID ABNORMAL OPERATION TROUBLESHOOTING ..................................... 185
NETWORK CAMERA COMPATIBILITY LIST............................................................ 187
TECHNICAL SUPPORT................................................................................................................................. 188
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE ............................................................................................................ 189
6
Safety Warnings
1.
The NAS can operate normally in the temperature of 0ºC-40ºC and relative humidity
of 0%-95%. Please make sure the environment is well-ventilated.
2.
The power cord and devices connected to the NAS must provide correct supply
voltage (100W, 90-264V).
3.
Do not place the NAS in direct sunlight or near chemicals. Make sure the
temperature and humidity of the environment are in optimized level.
4.
Unplug the power cord and all connected cables before cleaning. Wipe the NAS with
a dry towel. Do not use chemical or aerosol to clean the NAS.
5.
Do not place any objects on the NAS for the server’s normal operation and to avoid
overheat.
6.
Use the flat head screws in the product package to lock the hard disks in the NAS
when installing hard disks for proper operation.
7.
Do not place the NAS near any liquid.
8.
Do not place the NAS on any uneven surface to avoid falling off and damage.
9.
Make sure the voltage is correct in your location when using the NAS. If you are
not sure, please contact the distributor or the local power supply company.
10. Do not place any object on the power cord.
11. Do not attempt to repair your NAS in any occasions. Improper disassembly of the
product may expose you to electric shock or other risks. For any enquiries, please
contact the distributor.
7
Chapter 1. Overview
1.1
Introduction
Thank you for choosing QNAP NAS. This product has the following key features:
9
Powerful All-in-one NAS Server (12-in-1)
File Server
-
Sharing files across Windows, Mac, Linux, and Unix.
-
Windows AD service support
FTP Server
-
Access files from remote location via FTP server
-
Encrypted FTP via SSL/ TLS (explicit) mode
-
Passive FTP port range control
Backup Server
-
Professional Backup Software- NetBak Replicator
-
Automatic/ Instant/ Schedule Backup
Remote Replication
-
Back up critical data on QNAP NAS to other QNAP NASes in remote locations over
the network.
-
Encrypted remote replication
-
Block-level backup
Printer Server
-
Network printer sharing via USB
-
Support Windows & Mac platforms (maximum 3 sets)
RAID Station
-
Advanced disk configurations: RAID 0, 1, 5, 6, 5 + spare, single and JBOD.
-
Intelligent on-line RAID capacity expansion and RAID level migration
Web Server
-
Support Joomla!, PHP and MySQL/ SQLite
-
Create your own online shops, forums, and blogs over the Internet
MySQL Server
-
MySQL and SQLite dual support
-
Can be configured as a standalone database server
-
Built-in MySQL management tool- phpMyAdmin
UPnP Media Server
-
Built-in TwonkyMedia Server
8
-
Media streaming to DLNA compliant DMA, PS3 or Xbox 360 game consoles
-
Photos and videos playing on TV, and music and Internet radio playing on Hi-Fi
system
iTunes Server
-
Music streaming from NAS to the iTunes program on Mac or Windows PC
-
Smart playlist
Multimedia Station
-
Photo sharing via web-based photo album.
-
Photo album access authority management
Download Station
-
BitTorrent (with DHT), FTP and HTTP download
-
Remote management of the download tasks by QGet software anytime,
anywhere.
Surveillance Station
9
Remote real-time monitoring and recording of network cameras
Diagnostic and Monitoring System: HDD S.M.A.R.T. and HHS Technology to prevent
physical hard drive failure
9
Powerful System Management: Comprehensive event logs for multiple file sharing
protocols and file-level recordings
9
1.2
Package Contents
Your NAS package contains:
9
TS-409 Turbo NAS
9
Adaptor
9
Power cord
9
CD-ROM (user manual,
QNAP Finder & utility
inclusive)
9
Quick Installation
Guide
9
Flat head screw x 16
9
Ethernet cable
9
Hard disk lock
10
1.3
Hardware Illustration
One Touch
Copy Button
Power Button
LED Indicators: USB, Status, HDD1,
HDD2, HDD3, HDD4, and LAN
USB 2.0
Smart Fan
Power
Connector
K-Lock
Security Slot
Reset
Button
USB 2.0 x 2
Giga LAN
11
Chapter 2. Install NAS
2.1
Install Hard Disk
1.
Open the front cover.
2.
Take out the disk trays.
12
3.
Install a hard disk on each tray. Make sure the disk holes match the holes at the
base of the disk tray and lock the disk with four screws.
4.
Insert the disk trays to the NAS. Push the disk trays to the end.
13
2.2
Hard Disk Compatibility List
The following HDD models are verified by QNAP that are compatible with the NAS. It is
recommended to use the disk models listed here. Other HDD brands that are not tested
by QNAP may or may not work properly with the NAS. For more updated compatible
hard disk information, please visit QNAP website at http://www.qnap.com.
QNAP disclaims any responsibility for product damage/
malfunction or data loss/ recovery due to misuse or improper
installation of hard disks in any occasions for any reasons.
Brand
Product Family
Model
Interface
Drive
size
(GB)
RPM
Buffer
Size
(MB)
Hitachi
Deskstar 7K1000
HDS721010KLA330
SATA II
1000
7200
32
Hitachi
Deskstar 7K1000
HDS721075KLA330
SATA II
750
7200
32
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K500
HDT725050VLA360
SATA II
500
7200
16
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K500
HDT725050VLA380
SATA II
500
7200
8
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K500
HDT725040VLA360
SATA II
400
7200
16
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K500
HDT725040VLA380
SATA II
400
7200
8
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K500
HDT725032VLA360
SATA II
320
7200
16
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K500
HDT725032VLA380
SATA II
320
7200
8
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K500
HDT725025VLA360
SATA II
250
7200
16
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K500
HDT725025VLA380
SATA II
250
7200
8
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K250
HDT722525DLA380
SATA II
250
7200
8
Hitachi
Deskstar T7K250
HDT722516DLA380
SATA II
160
7200
8
Hitachi
Deskstar P7K500
HDP725050GLA380
SATA II
500
7200
16
Hitachi
Deskstar P7K500
HDP725050GLA360
SATA II
500
7200
8
Hitachi
Deskstar P7K500
HDP725040GLA360
SATA II
400
7200
16
Hitachi
Deskstar P7K500
HDP725040GLA380
SATA II
400
7200
8
Hitachi
Deskstar P7K500
HDP725032GLA360
SATA II
320
7200
16
Hitachi
Deskstar P7K500
HDP725032GLA380
SATA II
320
7200
8
Hitachi
Deskstar P7K500
HDP725025GLA380
SATA II
250
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda ES
ST3750640NS
SATA II
750
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda ES
ST3500630NS
SATA II
500
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda ES
ST3400620NS
SATA II
400
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda ES
ST3320620NS
SATA II
320
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda ES
ST3250620NS
SATA II
250
7200
16
14
Seagate
Barracuda ES
ST3250820NS
SATA II
250
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.11
ST31000340AS
SATA II
1000
7200
32
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3750640AS
SATA II
750
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3750840AS
SATA II
750
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3500630AS
SATA II
500
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3500830AS
SATA II
500
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3400620AS
SATA II
400
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3400820AS
SATA II
400
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3320620AS
SATA II
320
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3320820AS
SATA II
320
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3300820AS
SATA II
300
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3250620AS
SATA II
250
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3250410AS
SATA II
250
7200
16
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3250310AS
SATA II
250
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3250820AS
SATA II
250
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3200820AS
SATA II
200
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3160815AS
SATA II
160
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3160215AS
SATA II
160
7200
2
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3120815AS
SATA II
120
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST3120215AS
SATA II
120
7200
2
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST380815AS
SATA II
80
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST380215AS
SATA II
80
7200
2
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST340815AS
SATA II
40
7200
8
Seagate
Barracuda 7200.10
ST340215AS
SATA II
40
7200
2
WD
WD Caviar GP
WD10EACS
SATA II
1000
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar GP
WD7500AACS
SATA II
750
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar GP
WD5000AACS
SATA II
500
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar RE2
WD5000YS
SATA II
500
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar RE2
WD4000YS
SATA II
400
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar RE
WD3200YS
SATA II
320
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar RE
WD2500YS
SATA II
250
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar RE
WD1600YS
SATA II
160
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar SE16
WD7500AAKS
SATA II
750
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar SE16
WD5000AAKS
SATA II
500
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar SE16
WD4000AAKS
SATA II
400
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar SE16
WD3200AAKS
SATA II
320
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar SE16
WD2500AAKS
SATA II
250
7200
16
15
WD
WD Caviar SE16
WD5000KS
SATA II
500
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar SE16
WD4000KS
SATA II
400
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar SE16
WD3200KS
SATA II
320
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar SE16
WD2500KS
SATA II
250
7200
16
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD5000AAJS
SATA II
500
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD4000AAJS
SATA II
400
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD3200AAJS
SATA II
320
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD3200JS
SATA II
320
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD3000JS
SATA II
300
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD2500AAJS
SATA II
250
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD2500JS
SATA II
250
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD2000JS
SATA II
200
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD1600AAJS
SATA II
160
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD1600JS
SATA II
160
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD1200JS
SATA II
120
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD800AAJS
SATA II
80
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD800JD
SATA II
80
7200
8
WD
WD Caviar SE
WD400JD
SATA II
40
7200
8
16
2.3
Set up the NAS
Please check your network environment and select the appropriate installation method
before installing the NAS.
1. Office/ Home
Connect the NAS and PC to the same hub/ switch/ router.
2. Individual
Connect the NAS directly to your PC by a network cable.
17
When you have verified your network environment, please follow the steps below to
install the NAS.
1
Network cable
USB cable
2
3
1.
Connect the NAS to the hub/ switch/ router or PC according your network
environment.
2.
Connect USB printer to the NAS and enable USB printer service*.
3.
Connect the power.
4.
Turn on the NAS.
* Note: Please connect a USB printer to the server after the software configuration is
completed.
18
2.4
Check System Status
The NAS provides LED indicators for you to indicate the system status and information
easily. When the NAS is turned on, please check the following items to make sure the
system status is normal. Note that the following LED information is applicable only when
you have properly installed HDD1 and/or HDD2, and connected the NAS to the network
and power.
n USB Status
o Status
p HDD1
q HDD2
r HDD3
s HDD4
t LAN
19
LED Display & System Status Overview
LED
LED Display & System Status
n Front USB
Blue: You can press the copy button to copy data
Status
Flashes blue: Accessing data
Green: System is normal
o Status
Flashes green: Hard disk not detected; Hard disk not
initialized
Red: Warning on disk full status; Disk capacity is almost
full; RAID degraded mode (read-only), abnormal disk
writing
Flashes red: RAID degraded mode
Flashes green and red alternatively: Update firmware;
RAID rebuilding/ expanding/ migrating
Off: HDD standby mode
Green: Disks are normal
Flashes green: Reading/ writing data
Red: Abnormal reading/ writing
Flashes red: Hard disks are abnormal, but are still being
read/ written
pHDD1/ qHDD2
rHDD3/ sHDD4
y
y
y
y
tLAN
Flashes orange: Accessing data
20
2.5
Configure Software Settings
After checking the system status, please follow the steps below to configure the software
settings of the NAS. The configuration procedure of Windows and Mac users are
different. Please select the appropriate procedure according to your OS.
2.5.1
Windows® Users
1. Execute the product CD, a model selection menu will be shown. Select your NAS
model to continue.
21
2. The following menu will be shown. Select “Install QNAP Finder” to continue.
22
3. Follow screen instructions to install QNAP Finder. QNAP Finder will run automatically.
If you are using Windows XP SP2, the following screen will be shown. Please select
“Unblock”.
23
4. QNAP Finder will detect the NAS in the network and ask if you want to perform quick
setup. Click Yes to continue.
Note: If the server is not found, click Refresh to try again.
5. Enter the default user name and password.
Default user name: admin
Password: admin
24
6. The first page of the Quick Setup Wizard will be shown. Click Next to continue and
complete the configuration.
25
7. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the configuration. Please wait patiently
while changing the system settings. NAS will restart after changing the settings.
Note: The configuration process may take up to twenty minutes if you are using a
hard disk drive with capacity larger than 500GB.
26
8. After quick setup is completed, click Finish to continue.
The NAS provides several default share folders for data sharing and access. To map
the share folders on the NAS as your drive, check the option “Continue to map
network drive for me” and follow the steps below to proceed.
27
Map Network Drive
NAS provides several default share folders for sharing and access. Select the share
folder to be mapped as the local drive and click Map Network Drive.
The share folders Qdownload, Qmultimedia, Qusb, and Qweb are system default
network share of the NAS for the use of Download Station, Multimedia Station, USB
auto-copy, and Web Server. Qrecordings is the default network share of Surveillance
Station.
Enter the default user name and password.
28
Select the drive letter for the connection and click Finish.
Upon successful connection, you can start to use the share folder on the NAS. You
can access these folders by opening My Computer.
29
9. QNAP Finder will appear when all configurations are completed. Choose the name of
NAS on the list, and click “Connect”.
30
10. When the administration page of the NAS is shown, you can start to use the services.
If you have any questions during web administration, please click the help button
on the top right hand corner of the page.
To modify system settings, click “Administration”. Enter the user name and
password to login.
Default user name: admin
Password: admin
Note:
1. It is recommended to use Internet Explorer 6.0 or above to
access the NAS. If the OS of your PC is Windows® 98, the NAS
supports Internet Explorer 6.0 or above only.
2. The NAS also supports Mozilla Firefox.
31
2.5.2
Mac Users
Insert the NAS CD-ROM in your Mac and find the directory MacWizard. Then run
MacWizard.dmg.
You can find and run the QIW image file on desktop after MacWizard.dmg is opened.
Run Quick Install Wizard.
32
Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the configuration. Please wait patiently
while changing the system settings. NAS will restart after changing the settings.
Note:
1. Mac Quick Install Wizard does not support mapping network drive.
2. The Map Drive function of Windows Quick Install Wizard is replaced as “Quick Setup”
in Mac Quick Install Wizard.
3. It is recommended to access the NAS by Mozilla Firefox in Mac. Safari does not
support Download Station of the NAS.
33
Chapter 3. Enjoy the Powerful Services of the
NAS
The NAS provides the following powerful functions and applications.
A. Use network share-Public folder
1. You can access the public folder of the NAS by the following means:
a. Open My Network Places and find the workgroup of the NAS. If you cannot find
the server, please browse the whole network to search for the NAS. Double click
the name of the NAS for connection.
b. Use Run function in Windows®. Enter \\[NAS name]* or \\[NAS IP]# to
access share folder on the NAS.
c. Windows® users can use Quick Install Wizard to find the NAS. When the
administration page is shown, click Web File Manager. Enter the user name
and password, and then start to manage the NAS.
2. You can upload files to the Public folder.
34
B. Manage the NAS
Manage the NAS using web browser by Windows® or Mac
1. You can access the NAS web administration page by the following methods:
a. Use Quick Install Wizard to find the NAS.
b. Open a web browser and enter http://[NAS IP]:8080#
Note:
1. It is recommended to use Microsoft® Internet Explorer 6.0 or
above to access the NAS. If the OS of your PC is Windows® 98,
the NAS supports Internet Explorer 6.0 only.
2. Please use Mozilla Firefox to access the NAS on Mac.
*The user name here should be the same as the server name you enter in
Chapter 2.5 Configure Software Settings.
#The IP address here should be the same as the IP address you enter in
Chapter 2.5 Configure Software Settings. If you are using DHCP: (a)
connect the PC to the NAS directly, please use the default IP address
169.254.100.100 of the NAS; (b) connect the NAS by network, please run
Quick Install Wizard to view the IP address of the NAS.
2. When the administration page is shown, click Administration, Web File Manager,
Web Server, Multimedia Station, or Download Station. Enter the user name
and password, and then start to manage the NAS.
35
3. The NAS supports SSL secure login which enables you to configure and manage the
server by encrypted transfer. To use this function, check the box SSL login on the
administration page and login the server.
Note: If your NAS is placed behind an NAT gateway and you want to
access the NAS by secure login from the Internet, you must open
the port 443 on your NAT and forward this port to the NAS LAN IP.
36
C. Use the NAS’s Services
„
Multimedia Station
The NAS provides a user-friendly web management interface for you to manage
and share personal albums and multimedia files via network easily. Supports
embedded iTunes Server music sharing, UPnP and DLNA standard multimedia
technology to establish home multimedia sharing center. Please refer to Chapter 5.
„
Download Station
The NAS supports BT, FTP, and HTTP download. You can add download tasks to the
NAS and let the server finish downloading independently of your PC. Please refer
to Chapter 6.
„
Disaster Recovery
The NAS supports remote share folder backup via the network. In case of data
damage in PC, you can restore all backup data. Please refer to Chapter 3.8.9.
„
Web Server
The NAS enables you to create your own website easily. It also supports Joomla!,
PHP and SQLite to establish interactive websites. Please refer to Chapter 7.
„
Printer Server
The NAS supports network printer sharing function by direct USB connection. No
extra help from PC is needed. Please refer to Chapter 3.5.4.
„
FTP Server
The NAS offers the simplest FTP server setup procedure for you to establish FTP
server without any professional assistance. Please refer to Chapter 8.
„
Backup Server
NetBak Replicator is the powerful backup software designed for Windows users to
configure automatic backup schedule. Block level remote replication is supported
to provide the most reliable, instant, and secure data backup mechanism. Please
refer to Chapter 10.
„
File Server
The NAS provides convenient and secure file server functions that support central
37
data management. Users can be granted with the right to access network share
and share important files. Please refer to Chapter 3.7 and Chapter 9.
„
Surveillance Station
The Surveillance Station enables you to watch and record live video from your
network cameras quickly and easily. Please refer to Chapter 3.4.13.
38
3.1
Server Administration
There are 8 main sections in server administration:
39
3.2
Quick Configuration
Please follow the step-by-step guide in Quick Configuration to complete the settings of
the NAS. If you have any questions during web administration, please click the help
button
on the top right hand corner of the page. Other buttons are described as
below:
: Return to previous page
: Return to home page
: Logout system
Step 1. Enter the server name.
Step 2. Change the administrator password or select to use the original password.
40
Step 3. Enter the date, time and select the time zone for the server.
Step 4. Select the language the server uses to display files and directories. The default
setting is English.
Step 5. Enter the IP address, subnet mask and default gateway for the server.
Note:
1. Please contact your ISP or network administrator for the IP address of
primary and secondary DNS servers. When the NAS plays the role as a
terminal and needs to perform independent connection, e.g. BT download,
you must enter at least one DNS server IP for proper URL connection.
Otherwise, the function may not work properly.
2. If you select to obtain IP address via DHCP, there is no need to configure
the primary and secondary DNS servers. You can enter “0.0.0.0” in the
settings.
41
Finished. The basic system settings are shown.
42
3.3
System Settings
Basic system settings include the server name, date, time, and view system settings.
3.3.1
Server Name
Enter the name of the NAS. The server name can be 14 characters long at maximum,
which supports alphabets, numbers, and hyphen (-). The server does not accept names
with space, period (.), or names in pure number.
43
3.3.2
Date & Time
Set the date, time, and time zone according to your location. If the settings are
incorrect, the following problems may occur:
9
When using a web browser to access or save a file, the display time of the action
will be incorrect.
9
The time of event log displayed will be inconsistent with the actual time when an
action occurs.
9
Synchronize with an Internet time server automatically
You can enable this option to update the date and time of the system automatically
with specified NTP (Network Time Protocol) server. Enter the IP address or domain
name of the NTP server, e.g. time.nist.gov, time.windows.com. Then enter the time
interval for adjusting the time.
Note: The first time you enable NTP server, it may take several minutes
for time synchronization before the time is correctly adjusted.
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3.3.3
Encoding Setting
Select the language the NAS uses to display files and directories.
Note: All files and directories on the NAS will be created using Unicode
encoding. If your FTP clients or the OS of your PC does not support
Unicode, e.g. Windows® 95/98/ME, select the language the same as
your OS here in order to view the files and directories on the server
properly.
3.3.4
Configure SMTP Server
Configure the SMTP server for outgoing mails of this server.
If your mail server requires SMTP authentication, please enter the user name and
password for the mail server.
45
3.3.5
View System Settings
You can view all current system settings, e.g. server name, on this page.
46
3.4
Network Settings
You can configure network settings in this section and enable several powerful
applications of the NAS, e.g. Multimedia Station, Download Station, and Web Server.
3.4.1
TCP/ IP Configuration
You can select one of the following two methods to configure the TCP/IP settings of the
NAS.
1. Obtain IP address settings automatically via DHCP
If your network supports DHCP, the NAS will use DHCP protocol to retrieve the IP
address and related information automatically.
2. Use static IP address
To use fixed IP address for network connection, enter fixed IP address, subnet mask,
and default gateway.
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Primary DNS Server: Enter the IP address of primary DNS server that provides DNS
service for the NAS in external network.
Secondary DNS Server: Enter the IP address of secondary DNS server that provides
DNS service for the NAS in external network.
Note:
1. Please contact your ISP or network administrator for the IP address
of primary and secondary DNS servers. When the NAS plays the
role as a terminal and needs to perform independent connection,
e.g. BT download, you must enter at least one DNS server IP for
proper URL connection. Otherwise, the function may not work
properly.
2. If you select to obtain IP address via DHCP, there is no need to
configure the primary and secondary DNS servers. You can enter
“0.0.0.0” in the settings.
Enable DHCP Server
If no DHCP is available in the LAN where the NAS locates, you can enable this function to
enable the NAS as a DHCP server and allocate dynamic IP address to DHCP clients in
LAN.
You can set the range of IP addresses allocated by DHCP server and the lease time.
Lease time refers to time that IP address is leased to the clients by DHCP server. When
the time expires, the client has to acquire an IP address again.
For example, to establish a DLNA network, and share the multimedia files on the NAS to
DLNA DMP via UPnP while there is no NAT gateway that supports DHCP server, you can
enable DHCP server of the NAS. The NAS will allocate dynamic IP address to DMP or
other clients automatically and set up a local network.
Note: If there is an existing DHCP server in your LAN, do not enable
this function. Otherwise, there will be IP address allocation and network
access errors.
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Jumbo Frame Settings (MTU)
"Jumbo Frames" refer to Ethernet frames that are larger than 1500 bytes. It is designed
to enhance Ethernet networking throughput and reduce the CPU utilization of large file
transfers by enabling more efficient larger payloads per packet.
Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) refers to the size (in bytes) of the largest packet that
a given layer of a communications protocol can transmit.
The NAS uses standard Ethernet frames: 1500 bytes by default. If your network
appliances support Jumbo Frame setting, select the appropriate MTU value for your
network environment. The NAS supports 4074, 7418, and 9000 bytes for MTU.
Note: Jumbo Frame setting is valid in Gigabit network environment
only. Besides, all network appliances connected must enable Jumbo
Frame and use the same MTU value.
49
3.4.2
Microsoft Networking
Enable file service for Microsoft networking: If you are using Microsoft® Windows®
OS, enable this service to access the files on network share folders. Assign a workgroup
name.
9
Standalone Server
Use local users for user authentication.
9
AD Domain Member
*This option is supported by “TS-409 Pro” only.
The NAS supports Windows 2003 AD (Active Directory) to provide quick and direct
import of user accounts to the existing AD server available in your network. This
function helps you to save time and effort on creating user accounts and passwords
and lowers IT maintenance cost by automatic configuration procedure.
¾
Server Description
Describe the NAS for users to identify the server. To use the NAS on the
Microsoft Windows OS, you must enable Microsoft Network Services.
¾
Workgroup
Specify the workgroup the NAS belongs to. The workgroup is a computer group
unit in Microsoft Windows network for network sharing.
¾
AD Server Name
Enter the name of the AD server when AD domain is selected for authentication.
¾
Domain Name
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The name of Microsoft domain. When you select AD domain, you must enter the
domain name, the login user name, and the password.
Please refer to Chapter 11 for the information of AD authentication.
9 WINS server
If the local network has a WINS server installed, specify the IP address. The NAS will
automatically register its name and IP address with WINS service. If you have a
WINS server in your network and want to use this server, enter the WINS server IP.
9 Domain Master
There is a unique Domain Master Browser for collecting and recording resources and
services available for each PC in the network or workgroup of Windows. When you
find the waiting time for accessing Network Neighborhood too long, it may be caused
by failure of an existing master browser, or there is no master browser in the
network.
If there is no master browser in your network, you can check the box Domain Master
in this section to configure the NAS as the master browser to enhance the speed of
accessing information on Network Neighborhood.
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3.4.3
Apple Network
To use the NAS on Apple Mac operating system, enable AppleTalk network support. If
your AppleTalk network uses extended networks, and is assigned with multiple zones,
assign a zone name to the NAS. If you do not want to assign a network zone, enter an
asterisk (*) to use the default setting. This setting is disabled by default.
3.4.4
NFS Service
*This option is supported by “TS-409 Pro” only.
After enabling this service, you can click here to set up the Network access authority to
configure the settings. For detailed configuration, please refer to Chapter 3.7.6. For the
information of connecting to the NAS via NFS on Linux, please refer to Chapter 12.
52
3.4.5
Web File Manager
To access files on the NAS via web browser, enable Web File Manager. If the NAS is
connected to the Internet and uses a valid IP address, you can access files on the server
by web browser from anywhere. For more information, please refer to Chapter 9.
The NAS supports SSL secure login. You can select SSL login on the NAS administration
page and login Web File Manager via https; or enter https://NAS IP:8080/Qfilemanager/
in the browser.
53
3.4.6
FTP Service
When you enable FTP service, you can define the port number for the service and
maximum number of users connected to the FTP at the same time.
9
Select Protocol Type
Select to use standard FTP connection or SSL/TLS encrypted FTP. Select the
corresponding protocol type in your client FTP software to ensure successful
connection.
9
Unicode Support
Select to enable or disable Unicode Support. The default setting is No. Since most
FTP clients do not support Unicode currently, it is recommended that you disable
Unicode support here and select the language the same as your OS in “System
Settings—Encoding Setting” page so that the folders and files on FTP can be
properly shown (please refer to Chapter 3.3.3). If your FTP client supports Unicode,
make sure you have enabled Unicode support for both your client and the NAS.
54
9
Log on anonymously
You can enable anonymous login to allow users to access the FTP server of the NAS
anonymously. The users can access the folders and files which are opened for
public access. If this option is disabled, users must enter an authorized user name
and password to access the server.
9
Passive FTP Port Range
You can use the default port range (55536-56559) or define a port range larger
than 1024. When using this function, please make sure you have opened the
configured port range on your router or firewall.
Respond with external IP address for passive FTP connection request
When passive FTP connection is in use and the FTP server is configured under a
router, if the remote computer cannot connect to the FTP server via WAN, you can
enable this function. By enabling this function, the FTP service replies the manually
specified IP address or automatically detects the external IP address so that the
remote computer can connect to the FTP server successfully.
9
FTP Transfer Limitation
You can configure the maximum number of all FTP connections, maximum
connections of a single account and the maximum upload/ download rates of a
single connection.
55
3.4.7
Multimedia Station
To share multimedia files like photos, music or video files on the network, please enable
Multimedia Station. For further information of Multimedia Station, iTunes service and
UPnP Media Server, please refer to Chapter 5.
3.4.8
iTunes Service
By enabling the iTunes service, the NAS shares the mp3 files in the Qmultimedia folder
to all the iTunes clients available in the same subnet. The clients can automatically
detect, browse, and play the music files in the NAS. For further details, please refer to
Chapter 5.2.
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3.4.9
Download Station
The NAS supports BT, HTTP and FTP download independent of PC/notebook. To use
download function of the NAS, please enable Download Station. For further information,
please refer to Chapter 6.
Warning: Please be warned against illegal downloading of copyrighted
materials. The Download Station functionality is provided for
downloading authorized files only. Downloading or distribution of
unauthorized materials may result in severe civil and criminal penalty.
Users are subject to the restrictions of the copyright laws and should
accept all the consequences.
57
3.4.10 Web Server
You can publish your own server by enabling Web Server function of the NAS. Enter the
port number for web server service, the default number is 80. For further information,
please refer to Chapter 7.
Configure register_globals
Select to enable or disable register_globals. The setting is disabled by default. When
the web program asks to enable php register_globals, please enable this option.
However, for system security concerns, it is recommended to disable this option.
php.ini Maintenance
Check the box “php.ini Maintenance” to select to upload, edit or restore php.ini.
Edit: Edit the current php.ini file.
Upload: Upload a new php.ini file to replace the current file.
Restore: Restore the php.ini file to system default.
Note: To use PHP mail() function, you can go to System Settings/ Configure SMTP
Server to configure the SMTP server settings.
58
3.4.11 DDNS Service
To set up a server on the Internet and enable users to access it easily, a fixed and easyto-remember host name is often required. However, if ISP provides only dynamic IP
address, the IP address of the server will change from time to time and is difficult to
recall. You can enable DDNS service to solve the problem.
After enabling DDNS service of the NAS, whenever the NAS restarts or the IP address is
changed, the NAS will notify DDNS provider immediately to record the new IP address.
When the user tries to connect the NAS via the host name, DDNS will transfer the
recorded IP address to the user.
Enable and configure DDNS of the NAS:
Before using DDNS service, please register a host name from the DDNS provider*. The
NAS supports the 5 DDNS providers: members.dyndns.org, update.ods.org,
members.dhs.org, www.dyns.cx, www.3322.org.
Enable Dynamic DNS Service, and select DDNS server. Then enter the user name,
password, and hostname.
* For the information of DDNS service registration, please refer to the website of the
DDNS providers.
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3.4.12 MySQL Server
You can enable MySQL Server as the website database.
Enable TCP/IP Networking
You can enable this option to configure your NAS’s MySQL Server as a database server of
another web server in remote site through Internet connection. When you disable this
option, your MySQL Server will only be configured as local database server for NAS’s web
server.
After enabling remote connection, please assign a port for the remote connection service
of MySQL server. The default port is 3306.
After the first-time installation of the NAS, a folder phpMyAdmin is created in the Qweb
network folder. You can enter http://NAS IP/phpMyAdmin/ in the web browser to enter
the phpMyAdmin page and manage the MySQL database.
Note:
1. Please do not delete the phpMyAdmin folder. You can rename this folder but the link
on the MySQL Server page will not be updated. To access the renamed folder, you
can enter the link http://NAS IP/renamed folder in the web browser.
2. The phpMyAdmin folder is created after the first-time installation. When you update
the firmware, the folder remains unchanged.
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Database Maintenance
Check the box Database Maintenance to reset the database password or initialize the
database.
Reset root password: Execute this function to reset the password of MySQL root as
“admin”.
Re-initialize database: Execute this function to delete all the data on MySQL database.
Description: File location of MySQL database
1. Create a network share in Network Share Management.
2. Enter the network share name and select “Enter path manually”. Then click
“Browse…”
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3. Select .@mysql and click “OK”. After the network share has been created,
configure the access right. The network share name configured in the above step
is the file location of MySQL database.
62
3.4.13 Surveillance Station
The Surveillance Station enables you to monitor and record the live video of the network
cameras available on the network (LAN or WAN). To use this function, enable
“Surveillance Station” in the “Network Settings” page.
Click on the link or enter the URL “http://NAS IP:8080/Qrecordings” in the web browser
or click “Surveillance Station” on the login page to enter the Surveillance Station.
Note: Surveillance Station is only supported on IE browser 6.0 or later.
To set up your network surveillance system by NAS, follow the steps below:
1. Plan your home network topology
2. Set up the IP Cameras
3. Configure the camera settings on NAS
4. Configure your NAT router (for remote monitoring over the Internet)
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1. Plan your home network topology
Write down your plan of the home network before starting to set up the surveillance
system. Consider the following when doing so:
i.
The IP address of NAS
ii.
The IP address of the cameras
Your computer, the NAS, and the IP cameras should be installed to the same router in
LAN. Assign fixed IP addresses to the NAS and the IP cameras. For example,
y
The LAN IP of the home router: 192.168.1.100
y
Camera 1 IP: 192.168.1.10 (fixed IP)
y
Camera 2 IP: 192.168.1.20 (fixed IP)
y
NAS IP: 192.168.1.60 (fixed IP)
2. Set up the IP Cameras
In this example, two IP cameras will be installed. Connect the IP cameras to your home
network. Then set the IP address of the cameras so that they are in the same LAN as
the computer. Login the configuration page of the Camera 1 by IE browser. Enter the IP
address of the first camera as 192.168.1.10. The default gateway should be set as the
LAN IP of the router (192.168.1.100 in this example). Then configure the IP address of
the second camera as 192.168.1.20.
Some cameras provide a utility for IP configuration. You may refer to the user manual of
the cameras for further details.
* Please refer to Appendix A for the supported network camera list.
64
3. Configure the camera settings on NAS
Login the Surveillance Station by IE browser to configure the IP cameras. Go to
“Settings>Camera Settings” page. Enter the camera information, e.g. name, model, and
IP address.
Click “Test” on the right to ensure the connection to the IP camera is successful.
You may enable continuous recording by checking the option “Enable recording on this
camera”.
65
If your camera supports audio recording, you may enable the option in “Recording
Settings” page. Click “Apply” to save the changes.
Configure the settings of Camera 2 following the above steps.
After you have added the network cameras to NAS, go to the “Live View” page. The first
time you access this page by IE browser, you have to install the ActiveX control in order
to view the images of Camera 1 and Camera 2. You can start to use the monitoring and
recording functions of the Surveillance Station.
To use other functions of the Surveillance Station such as motion detection
recording, schedule recording, and video playback, please refer to the online
help
.
66
4. Configure your NAT router (for remote monitoring over the Internet)
To view the monitoring video and access the NAS remotely, you need to change the
network settings by forwarding different ports to the corresponding LAN IP on your NAT
router.
Change the port settings of NAS and IP cameras
The default HTTP port of NAS is 8080. In this example, the port is changed to 8000.
Therefore, you have to access the NAS via http://NAS IP:8000 after applying the
settings.
Then login the network settings page of the IP cameras. Change the HTTP port of
Camera 1 from 80 to 81. Then change the port for Camera 2 from 80 to 82.
67
Next, login Surveillance Station. Go to “Settings>Camera Settings”. Enter the port
numbers of Camera 1 and Camera 2 as 192.168.1.10 port 81 and 192.168.1.20 port
82 respectively. Enter the login name and password for both cameras.
Besides, enter the WAN IP address (or your domain address in public network, e.g.
MyNAS.dyndns.org) and the port on the WAN side for the connection from Internet.
After finishing the settings, click "Test" to ensure successful connection to the cameras.
Go to the configuration page of your router and configure the port forwarding as below:
y
Forward Port 8000 to NAS LAN IP: 192.168.1.60
y
Forward Port 81 to Camera 1's LAN IP: 192.168.1.10
y
Forward Port 82 to Camera 2's LAN IP: 192.168.1.20
Note: When you change the port settings, make sure remote access is allowed. For
example, if you office network blocks port 8000, you will not be able to access your NAS
from the office.
After you have configured the port forwarding and router settings, you can start to use
the Surveillance Station for remote monitoring over the Internet.
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Access the snapshots and video recordings of Surveillance Station
All snapshots taken are saved in the "Snapshot" folder under My Documents in your
computer.
The video recordings will be saved in \\NASIP\Qrecordings. Normal recordings are saved
in the folder “record_nvr” and alarm recordings are saved in the folder
“record_nvr_alarm” in the network share.
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3.4.14 System Port Management
Assign a protocol for the system management. The default port is 8080. The services of
this port include: System Management, Web File Manager, Multimedia Station, and
Download Station.
The system will restart after clicking “Apply”. Please wait. The website will
automatically change to the homepage of the new protocol system.
70
3.4.15 View Network Settings
You can view current network settings and status of the NAS in this section.
71
72
3.5
Device Configuration
You can configure SATA disk, USB disk, and USB printer settings in this section.
73
3.5.1
SATA Disk
This page shows the model, size and current status of the disk(s) installed on the NAS.
You can format and check disks, and scan bad blocks on the disks. When the SATA disks
are formatted, the NAS will create the following default share folders:
9
Public: Network share for file sharing
9
Qdownload: Network share for Download Station
9
Qmultimedia: Network share for Multimedia Station
9
Qusb: Network share for data copy function via USB ports
9
Qweb: Network share for Web Server
9
Qrecordings: the default network share of Surveillance Station
You can create the following disk volumes by clicking on the corresponding icon on the
“SATA Disk” page.
74
You can create the following disk volumes:
•
Single Disk Volume
Each disk will be used as a standalone disk. However, if a disk is damaged, all data
will be lost.
•
RAID 1 Mirroring Disk Volume
RAID 1 (mirroring disk) protects your data by automatically backing up the contents
of one drive onto the second drive of a mirrored pair. This protects your data if one
of the drives fails. Unfortunately, the storing capacity is equal to a single drive, as
the second drive is used to automatically back up the first. Mirroring Disk is suitable
for personal or corporate use to store important data.
•
RAID 0 Striping Disk Volume
RAID 0 (striping disk) combines 2 or more drives into one larger disk. It offers the
fastest disk access but it does not have any protection of your data if the striped
array fails. The disk capacity equals the number of drives in the array times the size
of the smallest drive. Striping disk is usually used to maximize your disk capacity or
for fast disk access but not for storing important data.
•
Linear Disk Volume
You can combine two or more disks into one larger disk. During file saving, the file
will be saved on physical disks sequentially but does not have a disk failure file
protection function. The overall capacity of linear disk is the sum of all disks. Linear
disk is generally used for storing large data and is not appropriate to use for file
protection of sensitive data.
•
RAID 5 Disk Volume
RAID 5 disk volume is ideal for organizations running databases and other
transaction-based applications that require storage efficiency and data protection.
To create a RAID 5 disk volume, a minimum of 3 hard disks are required. The total
capacity of RAID 5 disk volume = the size of the smallest capacity disk in the array x
(no. of hard disk – 1). It's recommended that you use same brand and same
capacity hard drive to establish the most efficient hard drive capacity.
Additionally, if your system contains four disk drives, three of them can be used to
implement RAID 5 data disks and the fourth drive can be used as a spare disk. That
way, in the event of a physical disk failure, the system will automatically use the
75
spare disk to rebuild your data.
RAID 5 can survive 1 disk failure and system can still operate properly. When a disk
fails in RAID 5, the disk volume will be in “degraded mode”. There is no more data
protection at this stage. If one more disk fails, all the data will be crashed.
Therefore, you must replace a new disk immediately. You can select the install a new
disk after turning off the server or hot swap the new disk when the server is on. The
status of the disk volume will become “rebuilding” after installing a new disk. When
rebuilding completes, your disk volume resumes to normal status.
Note: To install a disk when the server is on, make sure the disk volume is in
“degraded” mode. Or wait after the two long beeps after the disk crash, then insert
the new disk.
•
RAID 6 Disk Volume
RAID 6 disk volume is ideal for important data protection.
To create a RAID 6 disk volume, a minimum of 4 hard disks are required. The total
capacity of RAID 6 disk volume = the size of the smallest capacity disk in the array x
(no. of hard disk–2). It's recommended that you use same brand and same capacity
hard drive to establish the most efficient hard drive capacity.
RAID 6 can survive 2 drives failure and system can still operate properly.
Note: To install a disk when the server is on, make sure the disk volume is in
“degraded” mode. Or wait after the two long beeps after the disk crash, and then
insert the new disk.
•
RAID 5, RAID 6 Read-only Mode
The drive configuration enters read-only mode in the following occasions.
-
2 drives are damaged in RAID 5
-
3 drives are damaged in RAID 6
The drives in the above configurations are read-only. It is recommended to re-create
new drive configuration in such case.
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3.5.2
RAID Management
This function enables capacity expansion, RAID migration, or spare drive configuration
with the original drive data reserved.
•
Expand capacity
This function enables drive capacity expansion by replacing the drives in a
configuration one by one. This option is supported for the following drive
configurations:
•
-
RAID 1 expansion
-
RAID 5 expansion
-
RAID 6 expansion
Add hard drive
This function enables adding new drive member to a drive configuration. This option
is supported for the following drive configurations:
-
•
RAID 5 expansion
Migrate
This function enables a drive configuration to be migrated to a different RAID
configuration. This option is supported for the following drive configurations:
•
-
Migrate single drive to RAID 1, 5, or 6
-
Migrate RAID 1 to RAID 5 or 6
-
Migrate RAID 5 to RAID 6
Configure spare drive
This function enables adding or removing RAID 5 spare drive. The options available
are:
-
Add spare drive in RAID 5
-
Remove spare drive in RAID 5
For detailed operation, please click “Description” on the management interface to
view the detailed operation instructions.
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3.5.3
USB Disk
The NAS supports USB disks and thumb drives for extended storage. Connect the USB
device to the USB port of the NAS, when the device is successfully detected, the details
will be shown on this page.
It may take tens of seconds for the NAS to detect the external USB device successfully.
Please wait patiently.
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3.5.4
USB Printer
To provide printer sharing function for network users, you can simply connect a USB
printer to the USB port of the NAS. The NAS will detect the printer automatically. This
function supports up to 3 printers.
3.5.4.1
Windows Users
Method 1
1. A printer icon should be shown in the share folder of the server. Double click the icon.
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2. Install the printer driver.
3. When finished, you can start to use network printer service of the NAS.
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Method 2
The following configuration method has been verified on Windows XP only:
1. Open Printers and Faxes.
2. Delete the existing network printer (if any).
3. Right click the blank area in the Printers and Faxes window. Select Server
Properties.
4. Click the Ports tab and delete the ports configured for the previous network printer
(if any).
5. Restart your PC.
6. Open Printers and Faxes.
7. Click Add a printer and click Next.
8. Select Local printer attached to this computer. Click Next.
9. Click Create a new port and select Local Port from the drop-down menu. Click
Next.
10. Enter the port name. The format is \\NAS IP\NAS namepr, e.g. NAS IP=
192.168.1.1, NAS name= myNAS, the link is \\192.168.1.1\myNASpr.
11. Install the printer driver.
12. Print a test page.
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3.5.4.2
Mac Users
1. On the toolbar, click Go/ Utilities.
2. Click Printer Setup Utility.
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3. Click Add.
4. Press and hold the alt key
on the keyboard and click More Printers
concurrently.
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5. In the pop up window:
a.
Select Advanced*.
b.
Select Windows Printer with SAMBA.
c.
Enter the printer name.
d.
Enter the printer URI, the format is smb://NAS IP/printer name. The printer
name is found on the Device Configuration/ USB Printer page.
e.
Select Generic for Printer Model.
f.
Click Add.
*Note that you must hold and press the alt key and click More Printers at the same
time to view the Advanced printer settings. Otherwise, this option does not appear.
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6. The printer appears on the printer list. It is ready to use.
Note:
1. The NAS network printer service supports Postscript printer on Mac
OS only.
2. For the latest USB printer compatibility list, please visit
http://www.qnap.com.
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3.6
User Management
The files on the NAS can be shared among multiple users. For easier management and
better control of users’ access right, you have to organize users, user groups and their
access right control.
3.6.1
Users
The system has created the following users by default:
n
admin
By default, administrator has access to system administration and cannot be deleted.
o
guest
This is a built-in user and will not be displayed on User Management page. When
you use a non-registered user name to login, the server will recognize the user as a
guest and will allow limited access. A guest does not belong to any user group. The
login password for guest is guest.
p
Anonymous
This is a built-in user and will not be displayed on User Management page. When
you connect to the server by FTP service, you can use this name to login as a guest.
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512 users can be created at maximum (including system default users). You can
create a new user according to your needs. The following information is required to
create a new user:
9
User name
The user name must not exceed 32 characters. It is case-insensitive and supports
double-byte characters, such as Chinese, Japanese, and Korean except:
" / \ [ ] : ; | = , + * ? < >` '
9
Password
The password is case-sensitive and can be 16 characters long at maximum. It is
recommended to use a password of at least 6 characters.
You can perform the following actions for user management:
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3.6.2
User Groups
User group is a collection of users with the same access right to files or folders. The NAS
has created the following user groups by default:
n Administrators
All members in this group have administration right. You cannot delete this group.
o Everyone
All registered users belong to everyone group. You cannot delete this group.
You can manage user groups with the following options:
1024 groups can be created at maximum. A group name must not exceed 256
characters. It is case-insensitive and supports double-byte characters, such as Chinese,
Japanese, and Korean, except the following ones:
" / \ [ ] : ; | = , + * ? < >` '
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Create Users and Assign Users to User Group
The following example demonstrates how to create new users and assign users to a user
group.
ABC Co. has recently recruited two employees Mr. Jones Lee for Administration
Department and Ms. Jane Wu for Sales Department. The IT Department therefore needs
to create two user accounts for them to access company data on the NAS.
i.
To create a user account, go to User Management-Users. Click Create.
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ii.
Enter the user name (Jones Lee/ Jane Wu) and password. Check the box
“Continue to set the user groups to which this user belongs” and click OK.
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iii.
Select the user groups the users belong to on the right list, i.e. Mr. Jones Lee for
Administration Dept and Ms. Jane Wu for Sales Dept, and click Add. Then click
Close.
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iv.
The user names will appear on the list on Create User Page.
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Create Private Network Share for User Groups
You can create particular network share for each user group. The procedure is described
as below:
1. To create a network share called media accessible by Administration Department
only, please go to “User Management—User Groups” page. Select the user group
Administration Dept and click Create Private Network Share on the right.
2. Enter the network share name media. Select the disk volume that the share will be
created in and specify the path automatically or manually. Enter the comment for
the network share, e.g. media folder for Admin Dept and click Apply.
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3. You can see the folder media in Network Share Management page.
4. Enter Access Control. You can see that only Administration Dept has full access right
to the folder.
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3.6.3
Quota
To allocate disk volume efficiently, you can specify the quota that can be used by each
user. When this function is enabled and a user has reached his/her disk quota, he/she
cannot upload data to the server anymore. By default, no limitations are set for users.
You can modify the following two options:
i.
Enable quota for all users
ii. Quota size on each disk volume
Please refer to the following example to configure the quota setting of users:
The IT department is planning to set the disk quota of Mr. Jones Lee from Administration
Department and Ms. Jane Wu from Sales Department on the NAS. The disk quota is
2000MB for Mr. Jones Lee and 4000MB for Ms. Jane Wu.
1. Please go to Quota page in User Management to enable quota for all users. Enter
the quota size on each disk volume, e.g. 1000MB. The quota for individual user can
be modified later.
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2. Select Jones Lee on User page and click Quota Settings on the right.
3. Enter the quota size 2000MB and click OK.
4. Follow the same steps and enter the quota size 4000MB for Jane Wu and click OK.
The quota setting is successfully applied.
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3.7
Network Share Management
The primary purpose of network storage is file sharing. You can create different network
share folders for various types of files, and provide different file access rights to users or
user groups.
3.7.1
Create
To create a network share, enter the following information:
9
Network share name
The length of the network share name cannot exceed 32 single-byte characters or
10 double-byte characters, and cannot contain the following characters:
".+=/\:|*?<>;[]%
9
Hide network drive
Select to show or hide the network in My Network Places. Note that the drive can
still be shown by entering the directory manually in My Network Places.
9
Disk volume
This area shows the disk volume status.
9
Path
All data is stored under the assigned path onto the disk volume. You can select
“Specify path automatically” or assign a path manually. The path cannot exceed
256 characters and cannot contain the characters below:
".+=/\:|*?<>;[]%
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9
Comment
Enter a brief description for the share folder. The comment cannot exceed 128
characters.
Note: When you select to enter the path manually, click “Browse…” and the .@mysql
directory will be shown. This is the file location of MySQL database.
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3.7.2
Property
To edit the property of an existing network share, select a share and click Property.
You can then edit the content of that share.
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3.7.3
Access Control
When a network share is created, you can assign access rights to users or user groups:
9
Deny access
Access to the network share will be denied.
9
Read only
Users can read the files only on the network share.
9
Full access
Users can read, write, create, or delete files and folders on the network share.
3.7.4
Delete
Select a share and click Delete. Click OK to confirm.
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3.7.5
Restore
If the default network shares of the NAS are not created successfully, you can use the
Restore function to restore the network shares. To do so, click Restore and the shares
will be created.
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3.7.6
NFS Access Control
*This option is supported by “TS-409 Pro” only.
You can set the NFS access right of the network share. The Public folder is for open
access while access is denied for other default network shares. For detailed configuration,
please click on the link “Click here for more detailed description”.
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3.8
System Tools
The System Tools enable you to optimize the maintenance and management of the NAS.
3.8.1
Alert Notification
In case of warning or malfunction, e.g. CPU fan fails, a drive fails or is unplugged, an
email will be sent to the administrator automatically. You can go to Event Logs (refer to
Chapter 3.9) to check the details of all errors and warnings.
To be able to send notification e-mails, you must configure the SMTP server.
Note: It is recommended to send a test e-mail to make sure you can
receive the alert mails.
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3.8.2
Restart/ Shutdown
Select to restart or shut down the NAS.
3.8.3
Hardware Settings
You can enable or disable the hardware functions of the NAS.
i.
Enable configuration reset switch
By enabling this option, you can press the reset button for 3 seconds to reset the
administrator password and system settings to default.
ii. Enable hard disk standby mode
When this function is enabled, hard disk will go to standby mode if there is no access
within the specified period. The Power LED will glow in blue and the Status LED will
be off in hard disk standby mode.
iii. Enable light signal alert when the free size of SATA disk is less than the value
The Status LED flashes red and green when this function is enabled and the free
space of the SATA disk is less than the value. The range of the value is 1-51200 MB.
iv. Auto power on when power resumes after power loss
When this function is enabled, the NAS turns on automatically when power resumes
after improper shutdown or power loss.
v. Enable alarm buzzer
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Enable this option. The system will sound when an error occurs.
vi. Smart Fan configuration
After enabling Smart Fan, the fan rotation speed is automatically adjusted according
to the server temperature. It is recommended to enable this option. By manually
setting the fan rotation speed, the fan rotates at the defined speed continuously.
Note: When Smart Fan is enabled, the fan rotates at high speed when the system
temperature reaches 48°C or above. You can define the system temperatures to
trigger high speed or low speed rotation of the fan. The fan rotates at low speed
when the system temperature is below 40°C.
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3.8.4
UPS
If your UPS device provides USB interface, you can enable UPS (uninterruptible power
supply) support to protect your system from abnormal system shutdown caused by
power outage. In case of utility power failure, the system shuts down automatically by
probing the power status of the connected UPS unit.
9
Enable UPS support
To activate the UPS support, you can select this option. You can set the shutdown
timer to turn off the system automatically after the system detects the AC power is
abnormal. In general, the UPS can keep supplying the power for the system for
about 5~10 minutes, depending on the maximum load of the UPS and the number
of the loads connected to it.
UPS Model
Select the UPS model from the list. If the UPS model you are using is not available
on the list, please contact our technical support.
IP Address of UPS
If you have selected APC UPS with SNMP for UPS model, enter the IP address of the
UPS.
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3.8.5
Hard Disk S.M.A.R.T.
This page enables users to monitor hard drive health, temperature, and usage status by
the hard disk S.M.A.R.T. mechanism.
Select the hard drive and you can view the following information by clicking the
corresponding buttons.
Field
Summary
Hard disk information
SMART information
Test
Settings
Description
Displays the hard drive smart summary and the
latest test result.
Displays the hard drive details, e.g., model, serial
number, drive capacity, etc.
Displays the hard drive SMART. Any items that the
values are lower than the threshold are regarded as
abnormal.
To perform quick or complete hard drive SMART test
and display the results.
To configure temperature alarm. When the hard
drive temperature is over the preset values, the
system records error logs.
You can also configure quick and complete test
schedule. The latest test result is shown in the
Summary page.
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3.8.6
System Update
Note: If the system is running properly, you do not need to update the
firmware.
Before updating system firmware, please make sure the product model and firmware
version are correct. Follow the steps below to update firmware:
Step 1: Download the release notes of the same version as the firmware from QNAP
website http://www.qnap.com. Read the release notes carefully to make sure you need
to upgrade the firmware.
Step 2: Before upgrading system firmware, back up all disk data on the server to avoid
any potential data loss during system update.
Step 3: Click the [Browse…] button to select the correct firmware image for system
update. Click Update System to update the firmware.
Note: System update may take tens of seconds to several minutes to complete
depending on the network connection status. Please wait patiently. The system will
inform you when system update is completed.
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3.8.7
USB One Touch Copy Backup
You can configure the function of the USB one touch copy button in this page. The
following three functions are available:
•
Copy from the front USB storage to a directory of the internal drive of the NAS.
•
Copy to the front USB storage from a directory of the internal drive of the NAS.
•
Disable the one touch copy button
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3.8.8
Change Logo
You can choose your own picture to display on the login page of the NAS. The size of
the picture cannot exceed 20K bytes.
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3.8.9
Back up to an External Storage Device
You can back up the local drive data to an external storage device. In this page, you can
select to execute instant, automatic, or schedule backup methods, and configure the
relevant settings.
•
Backup Now: To back up data to the external storage device immediately.
•
Schedule Backup: To back up data by schedule. You can select the week day and
time to execute the backup.
•
Auto-backup: To execute the backup automatically once the storage device is
connected to the NAS.
Copy Options:
You can select “Copy” or “Synchronize” for the copy options. When “Copy” is selected,
files are copied from the NAS to the external device. By selecting “Synchronize”, the
data on the internal drives of the NAS and the external storage device are synchronized.
Any different files on the external device are deleted.
Note: In the copying and synchronizing process, if the identical files exist on both sides,
the files are not copied. If there are files in the same name but different in size or
modified dates on NAS and the external device, the files on the external device are
overwritten.
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3.8.10 Remote Replication (Disaster Recovery)
Remote Replication enables you to replicate files on the NAS to another QNAP NAS. The
files are compressed before the replication process in order to save time for data transfer.
Make sure a network share is created before creating a remote replication task.
Using Remote Replication
Login the NAS and go to Remote Replication in System Tools.
9
Port Number: Specify a port number for remote replication. The default port
number is 873.
Note: If this server connects to the Internet via a router, make sure the ports 134
and 445, and the specified port for remote replication.
9
Enable backup from a remote server to the local host: Check this option to
allow the remote server to back up data to the local host via remote replication.
i.
New
a.
Click New to enter the following page.
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b.
Complete all settings and click OK to save or Cancel to quit.
c.
The port for remote replication is 873, 445, 137-139. If you are using two NAS
servers behind an NAT router, please open the port 873, 445, 137-139 on NAT
router and forward the port to the corresponding LAN IP of the NAS. Otherwise,
the remote replication service will be blocked by NAT.
Note: To use remote replication, enable Microsoft Networking
service, make sure the destination network share and directory
have been created, and the user name and password are valid to
login the destination folder.
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ii.
Edit
a.
Select the task to be edited.
b.
Click Edit.
c.
Modify the settings.
d.
Click OK to save or Cancel to quit.
iii. Delete
a.
Select the task to be deleted.
b.
Click Delete.
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3.8.11 Backup/ Restore/ Reset Settings
•
To backup all settings, including user accounts, server name and network
configuration etc., click Backup and select to open or save the setting file.
•
To restore all settings, click Browse to select a previously saved setting file and click
Restore to confirm.
•
To reset all settings to default, click Reset.
Caution: When you press Reset on this page, all drive data, user accounts, network
shares and system settings are cleared and restored to default. Please make sure you
have backed up all the important data and system settings before resetting the NAS.
3.8.12 IP Filter
Enter the IP address or network from which the connections to this server are allowed or
rejected.
When the connection of a host server is denied, all protocols of that server
are not allowed to access the local server.
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3.8.13 Network Recycle Bin
This function enables files deleted on the shares of the NAS to be removed to Network
Recycle Bin to reserve the files temporarily. To enable this function, check the box
“Enable Network Recycle Bin” and click Apply. The system creates a network share
"Network Recycle Bin" automatically.
To delete all the files in network recycle bin, click “Clean Network Recycle Bin”.
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3.8.14 Remote Login
After enabling this option, you can access this server via Telnet or SSH encrypted
connection (only the account “admin” can login remotely). You can use certain Telnet or
SSH connection clients for connection, e.g., putty. Please make sure you have opened
the configured ports on your router or firewall when using this function.
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3.9
Event Logs
3.9.1
System Event Logs
The NAS can store 10,000 recent event logs, including warning, error, and information
messages. In case of system malfunction, event logs can be retrieved to analyze system
problems.
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3.9.2
System Connection Logs
The logs of connections to the server via samba, FTP, AFP, HTTP, HTTPS, Telnet, and
SSH are recorded in this page.
You can select to start or stop logging. The file transfer performance can be slightly
affected by enabling the event logging.
Click “Save” to save the logs as csv file.
Click “Delete” to clear all logs.
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3.9.3
On-line Users
The information of the on-line users accessing the system via networking services is
shown in this page.
3.9.4
System Information
You can view the system information, e.g., CPU usage and memory in this page.
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Chapter 4. Use Front USB Backup Button
By connecting an external storage device to the NAS, you can use the front USB backup
button to copy data from the external device to NAS or from the NAS to the external
device. To use this function, please follow the steps below:
1. Make sure a SATA disk is installed correctly in the NAS according to the instructions
in Chapter 2.1.
2. Turn on the NAS.
3. Go to System Tools/ USB one touch copy backup to configure the settings.
4. Connect USB devices, e.g. digital camera, flash, external USB drive to the front USB
port of the NAS.
5. Press the Copy button on the NAS. The data is copied according to your settings in
System Tools/ USB one touch copy backup.
#Intelligent one touch copy button: The NAS detects the data in the connected source
automatically. The first time a USB device is connected, press the Copy button and the
NAS copies all data in the device automatically. When the same device is connected
again and there are changes to the source data, press the Copy button, and the NAS
copies all files in the device. If there are no changes, press the Copy button and the
NAS does not copy the files.
Intelligent one
touch copy button
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Chapter 5. Multimedia Station
5.1
Share Photos and Multimedia Files via Web
Interface
The NAS provides a user-friendly web management interface for you to manage personal
albums easily. You can view images and multimedia files, or browse photos by
thumbnails preview.
A. Upload photos by web administration
1. To use Multimedia Station of the NAS, make sure a SATA disk is installed correctly in
the NAS according to the instructions in Chapter 2.1. A share folder Qmultimedia is
be created. Enable Multimedia function in Network Settings.
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2. Click on the link http://NAS IP/Qmultimedia on Multimedia Station page or click
Multimedia Station on the login page of the NAS to access Multimedia Station.
Note: To display the Multimedia Station link on the login page, please enable the
option “Display service link on the login page”.
3. Click
on the top right hand corner. Login with administrator name and password
to manage Multimedia Station. Users without administration right can view the
photos and multimedia files on Multimedia Station but they do not have the right to
modify the files. When logging in as Multimedia Station user, you can access the
albums authorized for browsing.
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4. Click Browse to select the multimedia file and then click Upload to upload the file to
the folder.
5. You can also create folders by clicking
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and upload files to the folders.
B. Upload photos to Qmultimedia folder directly
You can upload multimedia files to the NAS directly by the following steps.
1.
Use Run function in Windows. Enter \\[server name] or \\[server IP] to access
share folder on the NAS.
2.
Open the folder Qmultimedia. Enter the user name and password to login.
3.
Drag the files and folders to the folder directly. Please wait patiently when the NAS
is generating thumbnails for images during uploading.
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When you login Multimedia Station by web browser again, all multimedia files are shown.
Buttons on Multimedia Station page
Sort files by name
Sort files by size
Sort files by date
Return to previous page
Return to Home
Create folder
Rename file or folder
Select all
Select none
Delete
Support file format list
Type
Picture
File format
jpg, bmp, gif
Video
wmx, wvx, avi, mpeg, mpg, mpe, m1v, mp2, mpv2, mp2v,
mpa, dvr-ms, asf, asx, wpl, wm, wmx, wmd, wmz
Audio
wma, wax, cda, wav, mp3, m3u, mid, midi, rmi, aif, aifc, aiff,
au, snd
Others
(Other formats not mentioned above)
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View Photo Information
1. To view detailed information of a photo, click on the thumbnail of the picture.
2. The information of the photo, e.g. file name, resolution, size, camera producer is
shown on the right. You can enter a description for the picture in the box below the
photo and click Submit. To reset the description to previously saved version, click
Reset.
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Buttons Description
You can use the buttons on top of the photo to manage the album.
Back to previous level
Previous image
Next image
Rotate image anticlockwise
Rotate image clockwise
Zoom in
Zoom out
Play slideshow. Select the time interval in seconds.
Click play to play slide show. To stop playing, click
stop.
Print the image
Save the picture
Set the picture as album cover
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Play music or video files
To play music or video files on Multimedia Station, you can click on the thumbnail of the
file displayed on the page. The file is played by the default music or video playing
program of your PC.
*It is recommended to use Media Player 10.0 or above as the default playing program.
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C. Configure album authority
1.
After logging in as administrator (admin), click
to enter the configuration
page for album authority.
2.
You can view, add, delete, and edit users. For any inquiries when using these
functions, click on the help button
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on the top right corner of the page.
3.
You can edit user profile and album access authority on this page. For any
inquiries when using these functions, click on the help button
right corner of the page.
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on the top
5.2
Enable iTunes Service
Enable iTunes service on the NAS. The mp3 files on Qmultimedia folder of the NAS will
be shared via iTunes. All the computers with iTunes installed on LAN are able to find,
browse, and play the music files on the NAS.
Password required: To allow the users to access the data only by entering the correct
password, please check this option and enter the password.
Click “Edit smart playlist” to enter the smart playlist page. You can define the playlist
rules. If there is no song that matches the rules in the playlist, the iTunes client does not
show the playlist. For detailed operation, please refer to the on-line help.
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Note: You can download the latest iTunes software from official Apple website
http://www.apple.com.
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5.3
Use UPnP Media Server
The NAS is built-in with TwonkyMedia, DLNA compatible UPnP media server. Enable this
function and the NAS shares particular music, photos or video files to DLNA network.
You can use DLNA compatible digital media player (DMP), to play the multimedia files on
the NAS on TV or acoustic sound system.
To use UPnP Media Server, please enable this function and click the following link
(http://NAS IP:9000/) to enter the configuration page of UPnP Media Server.
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Click on the link http://NAS IP:9000/ to enter UPnP Media Server configuration page and
configure the following settings.
(1) Language: Select the display language.
(2) Server Name: Enter the name of the NAS’s UPnP Media Server. This name is shown
on DMP operation interface, e.g. NAS.
(3) Content Locations: Select the share folder on the NAS to be shared to DMP. The
default folder is Qmultimedia. You can add more than one share folder.
Click Save Changes to save the settings.
After configuring the settings, you can upload mp3, photos, or video files to Qmultimedia
folder or other specified folders on the NAS.
Note: If you upload multimedia files to the default share folder but the files
are not shown on Media Player, you can click “Rescan content directories” or
“Restart server” on the Media Server configuration page.
The built-in UPnP Media Server of the NAS is compatible with the DLNA DMP devices in
the market.
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About UPnP and DLNA
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a set of computer network protocols promulgated by
the UPnP Forum. The purpose of UPnP is to allow devices to connect seamlessly and to
simplify the implementation of networks at home and in corporate environment. UPnP
achieves this by defining and publishing UPnP device control protocols built upon open,
Internet-based communication standards.
The term UPnP is gleaned from Plug-and-play, a technology for dynamically attaching
devices to a computer directly.
The Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) is an alliance of a number of consumer
electronics, mobile and personal computer manufacturers. Its aim is to establish a home
network in which the electronic devices from all companies are compatible with each
other under an open standard. The alliance also tries to promote the idea of digital
home by establishing DLNA certification standard. All DLNA certified products connected
to the home network can be accessed seamlessly to enable consumers to enjoy digital
life conveniently.
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Chapter 6. Download Station
The NAS supports BT, HTTP, and FTP download mechanism. You can add download task
to the NAS and let the server finish downloading independent of PC.
Warning: Please be warned against illegal downloading of copyrighted
materials. The Download Station functionality is provided for
downloading authorized files only. Downloading or distribution of
unauthorized materials may result in severe civil and criminal penalty.
Users are subject to the restrictions of the copyright laws and should
accept all the consequences.
1. To use Download Station, make sure one or two SATA disks are installed correctly in
the NAS according to the instructions in Chapter 2.1. A share folder Qdownload is
created. Enable this function in Network Settings.
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2. Click on the link http://NAS IP/Qdownload on Download Station page or click
Download Station on the login page of the NAS to access Download Station.
Note: To display the Download Station link on the login page, please enable the
option “Display service link on the login page”.
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3. Select Add new BT task or Add new FTP/HTTP task.
(A) Add new BT task
Click Add new BT task on the left and upload a torrent file. You can download legal
torrent files by searching on the Internet. There are websites that provide legally
sharing torrents e.g. www.legaltorrents.com. Please download the torrent files to
your local disk and then upload them to the NAS.
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(B) Add new FTP/HTTP task
To run an FTP download task, click Add new FTP/HTTP task. Enter the FTP URL of
the download task and select the share folder to save the files. Enter the user name
and password to login the FTP server (if necessary). Then click OK to start
downloading.
To run an HTTP download task, click Add new FTP/HTTP task. Enter the HTTP URL
of the download task and select the share folder to save the files. Then click OK to
start downloading.
4. After uploading a download task, the task appears on View Run List.
140
5. You can select a download task and click BT download property to enable or
disable DHT public network and configure the sharing time after download completes.
Note: If the sharing time (larger than 0 hr) is set for a download task,
the download task will be moved to Finish List after download completes
and the sharing time ends.
141
6. Click Set Config and enter the number of the maximum tasks you want to download
at the same time (Default number: 3).
Enter the maximum download rate (default value is 0, which means unlimited).
Enter the maximum upload rate (default value is 0, which means unlimited).
Enter the port range for Download Station (default range is 6881-6899).
Check UPnP NAT port forwarding to enable automatically port forwarding on UPnP
supported gateway (default is not checked).
142
7. To pause a running download task, select the task in View Run list and click
Pause/ Restart download task. You can view tasks that are paused or finished in
View Pause List and View Finish List respectively. To restart a paused task, select the
task in View Pause List and click Pause/ Restart download task.
8. You can also increase or decrease task priority by clicking Increase download
priority and Decrease download priority when there are multiple download tasks.
9. To delete a running, paused, or finished task, select the task and click Delete
download task. You can select to remove the download task only and retain the
downloaded files, or remove the task and downloaded files.
143
10. To logout Download Station, click
on the top right hand corner.
11. To access the folders you have downloaded, please go to the share folder
Qdownload of the NAS.
144
Dump Diagnostic Information
To view the diagnostic details of a download task, select a task on the list and click
[Dump Diagnostic Information].
145
The common reasons for slow BT download rate or download error are as follow:
1. The torrent file has expired, the peers have stopped sharing this file, or there is error
in the file.
2. The NAS has configured to use fixed IP but DNS server is not configured, or DNS
server fails.
3. Set the maximum number of simultaneous downloads as 3-5 for the best download
rate.
4. The NAS is located behind NAT router. The port settings have led to slow BT
download rate or no response. You may try the following means to solve the problem:
a. Open the BitTorrent port range on NAT router manually. Forward these ports to
the LAN IP of the NAS.
b. The new NAS firmware supports UPnP NAT port forwarding. If your NAT router
supports UPnP, enable this function on the NAT. Then enable UPnP NAT port
forwarding of the NAS. The BT download rate should be enhanced.
146
6.1
Use Download Software QGet
QGet is a powerful management software for maintaining the BT, HTTP and FTP
download tasks of multiple TS series NAS servers via LAN or WAN. By using QGet, you
no longer need to login the Download Station web interface of multiple servers and
manage the settings one by one. Simply install QGet on any computer running Windows
2000/XP, you can manage the download tasks of all your NAS servers.
1. To use QGet, install the software from the product CD-ROM.
147
2. Follow the instructions to install QGet.
3. Run QGet from the installed location.
4. For the details of using QGet, please refer to the online help of the software.
148
Chapter 7. Web Server
The NAS enables you to upload web pages and manage your own website easily by Web
Server function. It also supports Joomla!, PHP and SQLite for you to establish an
interactive website. Once you activate Web Server function, you can access your own
homepage from anywhere. You can add hyperlinks in your homepage to connect to all
the features of the NAS, such as Download Station, Multimedia Station, and Web Server.
1.
To use Web Server, make sure a SATA disk is installed correctly in the NAS
according to the instructions in Chapter 2.1. A share folder Qweb is created.
Enable Web Server function and enter the port number in Network Settings.
149
2.
You can upload your web pages to the folder Qweb by the following methods:
a. By using samba: You can open a web browser and type \\[NAS IP]\Qweb or
\\[NAS name]\Qweb. Login the folder and upload your web pages.
b. By FTP: You can login FTP service and upload your web pages to the folder
(please refer to Chapter 8).
c. By Web File Manager: You can login Web File Manager and upload your web
pages to the folder (please refer to Chapter 9).
The file index.html, index.htm, or index.php is the home path of your webpage.
150
3.
Click on the link http://NAS IP/ on Web Server page or click Web Server on the
login page of the NAS to access the web page you upload. Note that when Web
Server is enabled, you have to type [http://NAS IP:8080] in your web browser to
access the login page of the NAS.
151
MySQL Management
The first time you install the system, the phpMyAdmin software is automatically installed
as the MySQL management tool. When you update the firmware in the future,
phpMyAdmin will not be re-installed and your data on the database will not be
overwritten or changed.
The phpMyAdmin program files are created in the Qweb share folders. You can change
the folder name and access the database by entering the URL in the browser. However,
the link on the web management interface is not changed.
Note: The default user name of MySQL is “root”. The password is “admin”. Please
change your root password immediately after logging in to the phpMyAdmin
management interface.
SQLite Management
SQLiteManager is a multilingual web-based tool to manage SQLite databases and can be
downloaded from http://www.sqlitemanager.org/.
Please follow the steps below or refer to the INSTALL file in the downloaded
SQLiteManager-*.tar.gz? to install the SQLiteManager.
(1) Unpack your download file SQLiteManager-*.tar.gz.
(2) Upload the unpacked folder SQLiteManager-* to \\NAS IP\Qweb\.
(3) Open your web browser and go to http://NAS IP/SQLiteManager-*/.
?
: The symbol "*" refers to the version number of SQLiteManager.
152
Chapter 8. FTP Server
The NAS supports FTP service. To use FTP service, enable this function in Network
Settings and follow the steps below:
1.
Open an IE browser and enter ftp://[NAS IP] or ftp://[NAS name]. OR
2.
By Web File Manager of the NAS.
a.
Go to the NAS administration page and click Web File Manager. Enter user
name and password to login the NAS.
153
b.
Click FTP.
154
c.
Enter the user name and password to login FTP service.
d.
You can start to use FTP service.
155
Chapter 9. Web File Manager
Using Web File Manager
To use Web File Manager, enable web service in Network Settings first.
Launch the web browser and go to the NAS administration page. Select Web File
Manager and enter the correct login name and password. You can login as “guest” to
access the network shares open to guest access on the NAS. The login password of
guest is guest.
Note: Make sure a network share has been created before using Web
File Manager.
156
Select an existing network share.
You can organize share folders of the NAS. With Web File Manager, you can upload,
rename, or delete files and folders in the network shares.
View files online
Click on a file displayed on the web page. The information of the file is shown. If your
browser does not support the file format, a download window pops up automatically.
Download the file and you can open it on your PC.
Create folder
i.
Select a network share or folder in which you want to create a new folder.
ii. Click
(Create Folder) on the toolbar.
iii. Enter the name of the new folder and click OK.
157
Rename file or folder
i.
Select a file or folder to rename.
ii.
Click
iii.
Enter the new file or folder name and click OK.
(Rename) on the toolbar.
Delete file or folder
i.
Select a file or folder to delete.
ii.
Click
iii.
Confirm to delete the file or folder.
(Delete) on the toolbar.
(Select All) and
To delete all files and folders, click
Upload file
i.
Open the folder to upload file to.
ii.
Click Browse to select the file.
iii.
Click Upload.
Download file
i.
Select a file to download.
ii.
Right click the file and select “Save Target As” to save the file.
Logout
To exit Web File Manager, click
(Logout).
158
(Delete).
View Files Named in Local Language
To view files named in Chinese, you may have to configure the browser settings. Take
Internet Explorer as an example, follow the steps below to configure the settings.
1. Click on Tools in IE browser.
2. Click Internet Options.
3. Cancel this option
in Advanced tab.
4. Click OK.
5. Restart the browser.
159
Web File Manager Icons
Icon
Description
Return to the parent folder
Refresh the current page
Return to network share list home page
Create folder
Rename file or folder
Delete file or folder
Select all
Cancel selection
Logout
Full access network share folder
Read-only network share folder
Malfunction network share folder
160
Chapter 10. NetBak Replicator
NetBak Replicator is a powerful program installed in user’s system (Windows® OS only)
for data backup. You can back up any files or folders on local PC to specified share
folder on the NAS by LAN or WAN.
Main Functions
1.
Backup
• Instant Backup
You can select files and folders on local PC and back up files to specified network
share folder on the NAS immediately.
• File Filter
You can select particular file types to be excluded from backup. The system
filters all files belonging to these file types when backing up data.
• Schedule
You can specify a schedule for backing up data with this option, e.g. 12:00 every
day or 05:00 every Saturday.
• Monitor
When this option is enabled, the system uploads all files or folders to the server
instantly for backup when the files or folders are modified.
2.
Restore
Select this option to restore backed up data to the original location of the file or to a
new directory.
3.
Log
Enable this option to record events of NetBak Replicator, e.g. the time when NetBak
Replicator starts and terminates.
161
Install NetBak Replicator
1.
Select Install NetBak Replicator in the NAS CD-ROM.
2.
Follow the steps to install NetBak Replicator.
3.
Upon successful installation, a shortcut icon
Double click the icon to run NetBak Replicator.
162
is shown on the Desktop.
Use NetBak Replicator
1. Before using NetBak Replicator, please login the NAS administration and go to
Network Share Management to create a share folder for backup. Make sure the
share folder is open for everyone access or you login the share folder with an
authorized account or administrator by NetBak Replicator.
2. Run NetBak Replicator. Click
. All the NAS and their share folders within the
network is displayed.
163
3. When the following window appears, all the NAS servers in the LAN appear on the
left list. Select a server and a share folder on the right. NetBak Replicator also
supports backup via WAN, you can enter the IP address of the NAS for data backup
directly and select a share folder. Then click OK.
4. Enter the user name and password to login the server.
5. You can start the backup procedure upon successful connection to the NAS.
164
Description of Buttons on NetBak Replicator
Open Configuration: Open a previously saved NetBak Replicator configuration.
Save Configuration: Save the settings on NetBak Replicator. The file is named
as *.rpr
Select All: Select all items in the window.
Clear All: Clear selection.
Select My Document: Select all folders in My Document.
Open NAS Backup Folder: This button allows users to find out where the files
were backed up, and check or manage the archived files manually.
Advanced Backup: Advanced Backup allows power user to back up a single
folder with more advanced options.
165
•
Backup
Select files and folders for backup.
166
9 Start
When you have selected the files for backup to the NAS, click Start on NetBak
Replicator. The program starts to copy the selected files to the specified share
folder on the NAS.
167
9 File Filter
Click File Filter on NetBak Replicator main page to select file format to be
skipped from backup. Then click OK.
168
9 Schedule
Click Schedule on NetBak Replicator main page. Then check the box “Enable
Backup Schedule” and select the frequency and time for backup. Click OK to
confirm.
169
9 Monitor
Select a folder for monitoring. When this option is enabled, the system uploads
all files or folders to the server instantly for backup when the files or folders are
modified. Other files are gray and cannot be selected. Click Monitor again to
cancel monitoring. An icon
appears on task bar of Windows® when
monitoring is in process.
170
9 Initialize Configuration
When using this function, NetBak Replicator records all current settings of the
user, including whether or not monitor function is enabled. When the user login
again, this program loads the previous recorded settings for users to manage
data backup.
171
•
Restore
Please follow the steps below to restore files from the NAS to your PC.
a. Restore to original position: Select the location that the data is restored to.
b. Select new restore position: Click
to select the directory to restore data to
or select a previously chosen location from the drop-down menu.
c. Select the folder(s) and sub-folder(s) for restoring data on the right list and
click Start.
172
d. Option: Select recovery option and error option.
If the restoring file existed, NetBak Replicator will:
9
Overwrite all the files
9
Ask first
9
Skip this file
If an error happens in the process of file restoring, NetBak Replicator will:
9
Stop the restoring
9
Ask first
9
Ignore this error message
173
•
Log
a. Save As…: To save all logs on NetBak Replicator, click this button. All logs are
saved as text file.
b. Clear All: Click this button to clear all logs.
c. Option: Select the type of logs to be recorded― “Record all logs” or “Record
error logs only”.
174
Chapter 11. Configuring AD Authentication
*This option is supported by “TS-409 Pro” only.
AD environment mixed mode can be supported by the NAS. For example, qatest.com.tw
and sub2.qatest.com.tw are domains controlled by Windows 2003 server, and
sub1.qatest.com.tw domain is controlled by Windows 2000 server.
175
Please make sure you have enabled the Active Directory Service on the Windows Server
and check the following items:
z
The NAS’s DNS server setting must be assigned to AD server.
z
The NAS and AD server can synchronize only if their time difference is less than 5
minutes.
z
The NAS and AD server synchronize every 5 minutes. To configure the settings
manually, the NAS has to be set as standalone mode and then added to AD domain.
z
After adding to AD domain, you must login as Domain_name\Username to access
Network Neighborhood. Local users of the NAS cannot access the server by
Network Neighborhood.
z
It is suggested to use Windows 2000 Service Pack 4, or Windows 2003 Service
Pack 1.
z
When the NAS is added to AD domain, the authority of “everyone” does not work,
“everyone” is the default account of the NAS, but is not supported in AD domain.
Therefore the authority has to be reset.
z
The IP address of the AD server should be recorded in the DNS settings on the AD
server.
z
You must change the password of “administrator” after you create “Active
Directory” service on the AD server.
z
The DNS server on the AD Server should have two records on it. For example,
when the AD server name is 2003tc.testad.com, the records will be:
2003tc.testad.com
Testad.com
A
A
192.168.1.100
192.168.1.100
One is “A record” for AD server, and the other is the domain “A record” for DNS
queries.
176
Adding the NAS to Windows Server 2003 Active Directory Domain
1.
In TCP/IP Configuration in Network Settings, enter the IP address of Windows AD
server as the primary DNS Server IP.
2.
Go to Microsoft Networking of Network Settings. Enable AD Domain Member, and
enter the domain name and the user name with administrator access right to that
domain.
Note:
a. Make sure that a fully qualified domain name such as AD.local has been filled
in.
b. Make sure the user name with administrator access right to that domain.
177
3.
When the following message appears after applying the settings in step 2, check the
time zone settings. Make sure the difference of your time and that of AD server is
less than 5 minutes. If the time difference is larger than 5 minutes, you will not be
able to add the domain member.
4.
Upon successful adding of domain member, you can view the list for domain users
and local users in User Management.
5.
Go to Access Control in Network Share Management to configure the access control
right of AD users for all available network shares.
178
Using AD users to access services
To access services like FTP, Network Neighborhood, or Apple Talk with an AD user
account, add DomainName\ before the user name when logging in.
179
Chapter 12. Access the NAS on Linux OS
*This option is supported by “TS-409 Pro” only.
In addition to Microsoft and Mac OS, the NAS also supports Linux systems through the
NFS service:
1.
In Linux, run the following command:
mount -t nfs <NAS IP address>:/<Network Share Name> <Directory to
Mount>
For example, if the IP address of your NAS is 192.168.0.1 and you want to link the
network share folder “public” under the /mnt/pub directory, use the following
command:
mount -t nfs 192.168.0.1:/public /mnt/pub
Note: You must login as “root” user to initiate the above command.
2.
Login as the user ID you define, you can use the mounted directory to access your
network share files.
180
Chapter 13. NAS Maintenance
This section provides a general overview on system maintenance.
13.1
Restart/ Shut down Server
Follow the steps below to restart or shut down the NAS.
1. Enter the administration page and go to “Restart/ Shutdown” in System Tools.
2. Click Restart to reboot the server or Shut Down to turn off the server.
To force shut down the NAS server, press the power button for more than 10 seconds.
The server will beep once and shut down immediately.
181
13.2
Reset Administrator Password and Network
Settings
To reset the administrator password and network settings of the NAS,
1. Press the reset button of the NAS for a few seconds. A beep sound will be heard.
The following settings are reset to default:
a. System admin password: admin
b. Network Settings/ TCP/IP Configuration: Obtain IP address settings automatically
via DHCP
c. Network Settings/ TCP/IP Configuration: Disable Jumbo Frame
d. Network Setting/ System Port Management: 8080 (system service port)
e. System Tools/ IP Filter: Allow all connections
2. Login the NAS with the default user name and password:
Default user name: admin
Password: admin
Note: To reset the system by the reset button, the option “Enable
configuration reset switch” in Hardware Settings must be activated.
182
13.3
Disk Failure or Malfunction
When you encounter disk malfunction or failure, please do the following:
1.
Record the malfunction status or error messages shown in Event Logs.
2.
Stop using the failed NAS and turn off the server.
3.
Contact customer service for technical support.
Note: The NAS must be repaired by professional technicians, do not try
to repair the server yourself.
Please back up any important files or folders to avoid potential data loss
due to disk crash.
13.4
Power Outage or Abnormal Shutdown
In case of power outage or improper shutdown of the NAS, the system will resume to the
state before it is shut down. If your server does not function properly after restart,
please do the following:
1. If the system configuration is lost, configure the system again.
2. In the event of abnormal operation of the server, contact customer service for
technical support.
To avoid the above situations, please back up your data periodically and make sure you
have done the following:
•
Follow the instructions described in Chapter 13.1 to restart or shut down the server.
•
If there is an anticipated power outage, back up all important data and turn off the
server properly until power supply is resumed.
183
13.5
System Software Abnormal Operation
When the system software does not operate properly, the NAS automatically restarts to
resume normal operation. If you find the system restarts continuously, it may fail to
resume normal operation. In this case, please contact the technical support immediately.
13.6
System Temperature Protection
When the system temperature exceeds 70°C or 158°F, the system shuts down
automatically for hardware protection.
184
Chapter 14. RAID Abnormal Operation
Troubleshooting
If the RAID configuration of your NAS is found abnormal or there are error messages,
please try the following solutions:
Note: You must back up the important data on the NAS first to avoid any potential data
crash.
1. Check that the RAID rebuilding has failed:
a. LED: The Status LED of NAS flashes in red.
b. In Device Configuration/ SATA Disk page, the status of the disk volume
configuration is “In degraded mode”.
2. Check which hard drive(s) causes the RAID rebuilding failure.
a. You can go to System Logs/ System Event Logs to search for the following error
message and find out which hard drive(s) causes the error.
Error occurred while accessing Drive X.
Drive X has been removed.
X refers to the number of the hard drive slot.
3. Troubleshooting
After plugging in the new hard drive (e.g., HDD 1), drive rebuilding will start. If the drive
configuration fails again due to read/write error of the hard drive in the rebuilding
process, identify which hard drive causes the error and follow the steps below to solve
the problems.
Situation 1: The error is caused by the newly plugged in drive.
If the newly inserted drive (e.g., HDD 1) causes the rebuilding error, please unplug HDD
1 and plug in another new drive to start RAID rebuilding.
Situation 2: The error is caused by an existing drive (e.g., HDD 2) in the RAID
configuration.
If the RAID configuration is RAID 1, you can do either one of the following:
185
a. Back up the drive data to another storage device. Then reinstall and set up the NAS.
b. Format the newly plugged in drive (e.g. HDD 1) as a single drive. Then back up the
data on the NAS to this drive (HDD 1) via Web File Manager. Unplug the drive with
errors (e.g., HDD 2). After that, insert a new drive to NAS to replace the fault drive,
and execute RAID 1 migration.
When the RAID configuration is RAID 5 or 6: The RAID configuration is changed to
degraded mode (read-only). It is recommended that you back up the data and run
system installation and configuration again.
Note: When plugging in or unplugging a hard drive, please strictly adhere to the
following rules to avoid abnormal system operation or data crash.
1. Plug in only one drive to NAS or unplug only one drive from NAS at one time.
2. After plugging in or unplugging a hard drive, please wait for about ten seconds or
more until you hear two beeps from the NAS. Then unplug or plug in the next hard
drive.
186
Appendix A
Network Camera Compatibility List
Brand
Model
AXIS 206
AXIS
AXIS 207
AXIS 207W
DCS-900
DCS-2120
D-Link
DCS-3220 (G)/ DCS-3420
DCS-5220
DCS-5300 (G)
DCS-6620 (G)
IPUX
ICS 1013/ ICS 1003
FCS-1010/ WCS-2010
FCS-1030/ WCS-2030
LevelOne
FCS-1040/ WCS-2040
FCS-1060/ WCS-2060
FCS-1070/ WCS-2070
FCS-3000/ FCS-3021
Linksys
Panasonic
WVC54GCA
BL-C1/ BL-C20
BL-C11/ BL-C10/ BL-C111/ BL-C131/ BL-C30/ BL-C31
IP3112/ IP3122/ IP3111/ IP3121/ IP3132
IP3135/ IP3137
VIVOTEK
PT3112/ PT3122/ PT3117/ PT3127
IP7135/ IP7137
IP7131/ IP7132
PT7135/ PT7137
*For the updated information of supported camera models, please visit QNAP website at
http://www.qnap.com/.
187
Technical Support
QNAP provides dedicated online support and customer service via instant messenger.
You can contact us by the following means:
Online Support: http://www.qnap.com
E-mail: q_support@qnap.com
MSN: q.support@hotmail.com
SKYPE: qnapskype
Technical support for North America users:
E-mail: support@usa.ieiworld.com
1-800 Hotline: 866-276-6754 ext.110
Address: 168 UNIVERSITY PARKWAY POMONA, CA 91768-4300
188
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 3, 29 June 2007
Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <http://fsf.org/>
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but
changing it is not allowed.
Preamble
The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of
works.
The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your
freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is
intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change all versions of a program--to make
sure it remains free software for all its users. We, the Free Software Foundation, use the GNU
General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to any other work released
this way by its authors. You can apply it to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public
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189
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Some devices are designed to deny users access to install or run modified versions of the
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The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS
0. Definitions.
“This License” refers to version 3 of the GNU General Public License.
“Copyright” also means copyright-like laws that apply to other kinds of works, such as
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“The Program” refers to any copyrightable work licensed under this License. Each licensee is
addressed as “you”. “Licensees” and “recipients” may be individuals or organizations.
190
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A “covered work” means either the unmodified Program or a work based on the Program.
To “propagate” a work means to do anything with it that, without permission, would make
you directly or secondarily liable for infringement under applicable copyright law, except
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To “convey” a work means any kind of propagation that enables other parties to make or
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a copy, is not conveying.
An interactive user interface displays “Appropriate Legal Notices” to the extent that it
includes a convenient and prominently visible feature that (1) displays an appropriate
copyright notice, and (2) tells the user that there is no warranty for the work (except to the
extent that warranties are provided), that licensees may convey the work under this License,
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options, such as a menu, a prominent item in the list meets this criterion.
1. Source Code.
The “source code” for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications
to it. “Object code” means any non-source form of a work.
A “Standard Interface” means an interface that either is an official standard defined by a
recognized standards body, or, in the case of interfaces specified for a particular
programming language, one that is widely used among developers working in that language.
The “System Libraries” of an executable work include anything, other than the work as a
whole, that (a) is included in the normal form of packaging a Major Component, but which is
not part of that Major Component, and (b) serves only to enable use of the work with that
Major Component, or to implement a Standard Interface for which an implementation is
available to the public in source code form. A “Major Component”, in this context, means a
major essential component (kernel, window system, and so on) of the specific operating
191
system (if any) on which the executable work runs, or a compiler used to produce the work,
or an object code interpreter used to run it.
The “Corresponding Source” for a work in object code form means all the source code
needed to generate, install, and (for an executable work) run the object code and to modify
the work, including scripts to control those activities. However, it does not include the work's
System Libraries, or general-purpose tools or generally available free programs which are
used unmodified in performing those activities but which are not part of the work. For
example, Corresponding Source includes interface definition files associated with source files
for the work, and the source code for shared libraries and dynamically linked subprograms
that the work is specifically designed to require, such as by intimate data communication or
control flow between those subprograms and other parts of the work.
The Corresponding Source need not include anything that users can regenerate automatically
from other parts of the Corresponding Source.
The Corresponding Source for a work in source code form is that same work.
2. Basic Permissions.
All rights granted under this License are granted for the term of copyright on the Program,
and are irrevocable provided the stated conditions are met. This License explicitly affirms
your unlimited permission to run the unmodified Program. The output from running a
covered work is covered by this License only if the output, given its content, constitutes a
covered work. This License acknowledges your rights of fair use or other equivalent, as
provided by copyright law.
You may make, run and propagate covered works that you do not convey, without conditions
so long as your license otherwise remains in force. You may convey covered works to others
for the sole purpose of having them make modifications exclusively for you, or provide you
with facilities for running those works, provided that you comply with the terms of this
License in conveying all material for which you do not control copyright. Those thus making
or running the covered works for you must do so exclusively on your behalf, under your
direction and control, on terms that prohibit them from making any copies of your
copyrighted material outside their relationship with you.
Conveying under any other circumstances is permitted solely under the conditions stated
below. Sublicensing is not allowed; section 10 makes it unnecessary.
192
3. Protecting Users' Legal Rights From AntiCircumvention Law.
No covered work shall be deemed part of an effective technological measure under any
applicable law fulfilling obligations under article 11 of the WIPO copyright treaty adopted on
20 December 1996, or similar laws prohibiting or restricting circumvention of such measures.
When you convey a covered work, you waive any legal power to forbid circumvention of
technological measures to the extent such circumvention is effected by exercising rights
under this License with respect to the covered work, and you disclaim any intention to limit
operation or modification of the work as a means of enforcing, against the work's users, your
or third parties' legal rights to forbid circumvention of technological measures.
4. Conveying Verbatim Copies.
You may convey verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any
medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an
appropriate copyright notice; keep intact all notices stating that this License and any nonpermissive terms added in accord with section 7 apply to the code; keep intact all notices of
the absence of any warranty; and give all recipients a copy of this License along with the
Program.
You may charge any price or no price for each copy that you convey, and you may offer
support or warranty protection for a fee.
5. Conveying Modified Source Versions.
You may convey a work based on the Program, or the modifications to produce it from the
Program, in the form of source code under the terms of section 4, provided that you also meet
all of these conditions:
a) The work must carry prominent notices stating that you modified it, and giving a
relevant date.
b) The work must carry prominent notices stating that it is released under this License
and any conditions added under section 7. This requirement modifies the requirement in
section 4 to “keep intact all notices”.
193
c) You must license the entire work, as a whole, under this License to anyone who
comes into possession of a copy. This License will therefore apply, along with any
applicable section 7 additional terms, to the whole of the work, and all its parts, regardless
of how they are packaged. This License gives no permission to license the work in any
other way, but it does not invalidate such permission if you have separately received it.
d) If the work has interactive user interfaces, each must display Appropriate Legal
Notices; however, if the Program has interactive interfaces that do not display
Appropriate Legal Notices, your work need not make them do so.
A compilation of a covered work with other separate and independent works, which are not
by their nature extensions of the covered work, and which are not combined with it such as to
form a larger program, in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium, is called an
“aggregate” if the compilation and its resulting copyright are not used to limit the access or
legal rights of the compilation's users beyond what the individual works permit. Inclusion of
a covered work in an aggregate does not cause this License to apply to the other parts of the
aggregate.
6. Conveying Non-Source Forms.
You may convey a covered work in object code form under the terms of sections 4 and 5,
provided that you also convey the machine-readable Corresponding Source under the terms
of this License, in one of these ways:
a) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product (including a physical
distribution medium), accompanied by the Corresponding Source fixed on a durable
physical medium customarily used for software interchange.
b) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product (including a physical
distribution medium), accompanied by a written offer, valid for at least three years and
valid for as long as you offer spare parts or customer support for that product model, to
give anyone who possesses the object code either (1) a copy of the Corresponding Source
for all the software in the product that is covered by this License, on a durable physical
medium customarily used for software interchange, for a price no more than your
reasonable cost of physically performing this conveying of source, or (2) access to copy
the Corresponding Source from a network server at no charge.
c) Convey individual copies of the object code with a copy of the written offer to
provide the Corresponding Source. This alternative is allowed only occasionally and
noncommercially, and only if you received the object code with such an offer, in accord
with subsection 6b.
194
d) Convey the object code by offering access from a designated place (gratis or for a
charge), and offer equivalent access to the Corresponding Source in the same way through
the same place at no further charge. You need not require recipients to copy the
Corresponding Source along with the object code. If the place to copy the object code is a
network server, the Corresponding Source may be on a different server (operated by you
or a third party) that supports equivalent copying facilities, provided you maintain clear
directions next to the object code saying where to find the Corresponding Source.
Regardless of what server hosts the Corresponding Source, you remain obligated to
ensure that it is available for as long as needed to satisfy these requirements.
e) Convey the object code using peer-to-peer transmission, provided you inform other
peers where the object code and Corresponding Source of the work are being offered to
the general public at no charge under subsection 6d.
A separable portion of the object code, whose source code is excluded from the
Corresponding Source as a System Library, need not be included in conveying the object
code work.
A “User Product” is either (1) a “consumer product”, which means any tangible personal
property which is normally used for personal, family, or household purposes, or (2) anything
designed or sold for incorporation into a dwelling. In determining whether a product is a
consumer product, doubtful cases shall be resolved in favor of coverage. For a particular
product received by a particular user, “normally used” refers to a typical or common use of
that class of product, regardless of the status of the particular user or of the way in which the
particular user actually uses, or expects or is expected to use, the product. A product is a
consumer product regardless of whether the product has substantial commercial, industrial or
non-consumer uses, unless such uses represent the only significant mode of use of the
product.
“Installation Information” for a User Product means any methods, procedures, authorization
keys, or other information required to install and execute modified versions of a covered
work in that User Product from a modified version of its Corresponding Source. The
information must suffice to ensure that the continued functioning of the modified object code
is in no case prevented or interfered with solely because modification has been made.
If you convey an object code work under this section in, or with, or specifically for use in, a
User Product, and the conveying occurs as part of a transaction in which the right of
possession and use of the User Product is transferred to the recipient in perpetuity or for a
fixed term (regardless of how the transaction is characterized), the Corresponding Source
conveyed under this section must be accompanied by the Installation Information. But this
195
requirement does not apply if neither you nor any third party retains the ability to install
modified object code on the User Product (for example, the work has been installed in ROM).
The requirement to provide Installation Information does not include a requirement to
continue to provide support service, warranty, or updates for a work that has been modified
or installed by the recipient, or for the User Product in which it has been modified or installed.
Access to a network may be denied when the modification itself materially and adversely
affects the operation of the network or violates the rules and protocols for communication
across the network.
Corresponding Source conveyed, and Installation Information provided, in accord with this
section must be in a format that is publicly documented (and with an implementation
available to the public in source code form), and must require no special password or key for
unpacking, reading or copying.
7. Additional Terms.
“Additional permissions” are terms that supplement the terms of this License by making
exceptions from one or more of its conditions. Additional permissions that are applicable to
the entire Program shall be treated as though they were included in this License, to the extent
that they are valid under applicable law. If additional permissions apply only to part of the
Program, that part may be used separately under those permissions, but the entire Program
remains governed by this License without regard to the additional permissions.
When you convey a copy of a covered work, you may at your option remove any additional
permissions from that copy, or from any part of it. (Additional permissions may be written to
require their own removal in certain cases when you modify the work.) You may place
additional permissions on material, added by you to a covered work, for which you have or
can give appropriate copyright permission.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, for material you add to a covered work,
you may (if authorized by the copyright holders of that material) supplement the terms of this
License with terms:
a) Disclaiming warranty or limiting liability differently from the terms of sections 15
and 16 of this License; or
b) Requiring preservation of specified reasonable legal notices or author attributions
in that material or in the Appropriate Legal Notices displayed by works containing it; or
196
c) Prohibiting misrepresentation of the origin of that material, or requiring that
modified versions of such material be marked in reasonable ways as different from the
original version; or
d) Limiting the use for publicity purposes of names of licensors or authors of the
material; or
e) Declining to grant rights under trademark law for use of some trade names,
trademarks, or service marks; or
f) Requiring indemnification of licensors and authors of that material by anyone who
conveys the material (or modified versions of it) with contractual assumptions of liability
to the recipient, for any liability that these contractual assumptions directly impose on
those licensors and authors.
All other non-permissive additional terms are considered “further restrictions” within the
meaning of section 10. If the Program as you received it, or any part of it, contains a notice
stating that it is governed by this License along with a term that is a further restriction, you
may remove that term. If a license document contains a further restriction but permits
relicensing or conveying under this License, you may add to a covered work material
governed by the terms of that license document, provided that the further restriction does not
survive such relicensing or conveying.
If you add terms to a covered work in accord with this section, you must place, in the relevant
source files, a statement of the additional terms that apply to those files, or a notice indicating
where to find the applicable terms.
Additional terms, permissive or non-permissive, may be stated in the form of a separately
written license, or stated as exceptions; the above requirements apply either way.
8. Termination.
You may not propagate or modify a covered work except as expressly provided under this
License. Any attempt otherwise to propagate or modify it is void, and will automatically
terminate your rights under this License (including any patent licenses granted under the third
paragraph of section 11).
However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your license from a particular
copyright holder is reinstated (a) provisionally, unless and until the copyright holder
explicitly and finally terminates your license, and (b) permanently, if the copyright holder
fails to notify you of the violation by some reasonable means prior to 60 days after the
cessation.
197
Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated permanently if the
copyright holder notifies you of the violation by some reasonable means, this is the first time
you have received notice of violation of this License (for any work) from that copyright
holder, and you cure the violation prior to 30 days after your receipt of the notice.
Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the licenses of parties who
have received copies or rights from you under this License. If your rights have been
terminated and not permanently reinstated, you do not qualify to receive new licenses for the
same material under section 10.
9. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.
You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or run a copy of the Program.
Ancillary propagation of a covered work occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-topeer transmission to receive a copy likewise does not require acceptance. However, nothing
other than this License grants you permission to propagate or modify any covered work.
These actions infringe copyright if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying
or propagating a covered work, you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so.
10. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.
Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically receives a license from the
original licensors, to run, modify and propagate that work, subject to this License. You are
not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties with this License.
An “entity transaction” is a transaction transferring control of an organization, or
substantially all assets of one, or subdividing an organization, or merging organizations. If
propagation of a covered work results from an entity transaction, each party to that
transaction who receives a copy of the work also receives whatever licenses to the work the
party's predecessor in interest had or could give under the previous paragraph, plus a right to
possession of the Corresponding Source of the work from the predecessor in interest, if the
predecessor has it or can get it with reasonable efforts.
You may not impose any further restrictions on the exercise of the rights granted or affirmed
under this License. For example, you may not impose a license fee, royalty, or other charge
for exercise of rights granted under this License, and you may not initiate litigation (including
a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that any patent claim is infringed by
making, using, selling, offering for sale, or importing the Program or any portion of it.
198
11. Patents.
A “contributor” is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this License of the Program
or a work on which the Program is based. The work thus licensed is called the contributor's
“contributor version”.
A contributor's “essential patent claims” are all patent claims owned or controlled by the
contributor, whether already acquired or hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some
manner, permitted by this License, of making, using, or selling its contributor version, but do
not include claims that would be infringed only as a consequence of further modification of
the contributor version. For purposes of this definition, “control” includes the right to grant
patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License.
Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free patent license under the
contributor's essential patent claims, to make, use, sell, offer for sale, import and otherwise
run, modify and propagate the contents of its contributor version.
In the following three paragraphs, a “patent license” is any express agreement or commitment,
however denominated, not to enforce a patent (such as an express permission to practice a
patent or covenant not to sue for patent infringement). To “grant” such a patent license to a
party means to make such an agreement or commitment not to enforce a patent against the
party.
If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license, and the Corresponding
Source of the work is not available for anyone to copy, free of charge and under the terms of
this License, through a publicly available network server or other readily accessible means,
then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding Source to be so available, or (2) arrange to
deprive yourself of the benefit of the patent license for this particular work, or (3) arrange, in
a manner consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the patent license to
downstream recipients. “Knowingly relying” means you have actual knowledge that, but for
the patent license, your conveying the covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of
the covered work in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that country
that you have reason to believe are valid.
If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or arrangement, you convey, or
propagate by procuring conveyance of, a covered work, and grant a patent license to some of
the parties receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify or convey
a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license you grant is automatically
extended to all recipients of the covered work and works based on it.
199
A patent license is “discriminatory” if it does not include within the scope of its coverage,
prohibits the exercise of, or is conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights
that are specifically granted under this License. You may not convey a covered work if you
are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is in the business of distributing software,
under which you make payment to the third party based on the extent of your activity of
conveying the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the parties who would
receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory patent license (a) in connection with
copies of the covered work conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b)
primarily for and in connection with specific products or compilations that contain the
covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement, or that patent license was granted,
prior to 28 March 2007.
Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting any implied license or
other defenses to infringement that may otherwise be available to you under applicable patent
law.
12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.
If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that
contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this
License. If you cannot convey a covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your
obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you
may not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to terms that obligate you to collect a
royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey the Program, the only way you
could satisfy both those terms and this License would be to refrain entirely from conveying
the Program.
13. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have permission to link or combine
any covered work with a work licensed under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public
License into a single combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this
License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work, but the special
requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13, concerning interaction
through a network will apply to the combination as such.
14. Revised Versions of this License.
200
The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the GNU General
Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present
version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies that a certain
numbered version of the GNU General Public License “or any later version” applies to it, you
have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered version or of
any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify
a version number of the GNU General Public License, you may choose any version ever
published by the Free Software Foundation.
If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future versions of the GNU General
Public License can be used, that proxy's public statement of acceptance of a version
permanently authorizes you to choose that version for the Program.
Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions. However, no
additional obligations are imposed on any author or copyright holder as a result of your
choosing to follow a later version.
15. Disclaimer of Warranty.
THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY
APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE
COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM “AS
IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE
RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH
YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF
ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
16. Limitation of Liability.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN
WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO
MODIFIES AND/OR CONVEYS THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE
LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR
201
INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF
DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY
YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH
ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.
If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local
legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely
approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a
warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
How to Apply These Terms to Your New
Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public,
the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and
change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of
each source file to most effectively state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have
at least the “copyright” line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
<one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
Copyright (C) <year>
<name of author>
This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
202
See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program.
If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short notice like this when it starts
in an interactive mode:
<program>
Copyright (C) <year>
<name of author>
This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.
The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the
General Public License. Of course, your program's commands might be different; for a GUI
interface, you would use an “about box”.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school, if any, to sign a
“copyright disclaimer” for the program, if necessary. For more information on this, and how
to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into
proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more
useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to
do, use the GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License. But first, please read
<http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/why-not-lgpl.html>.
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