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APPENDIX
CUSTOM
FUNCTIONS
DETAILED
OPERATION
CREATIVE
EXPOSURE
SUBJECT /
DRIVE
AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
GETTING
STARTED
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AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
DETAILED
OPERATION
40
40
41
42
43
44
45
CUSTOM
FUNCTIONS
SUBJECT PROGRAM SELECTION ..............................
Portrait ........................................................................
Landscape ..................................................................
Close-up ......................................................................
Sports ..........................................................................
Night Portrait ..............................................................
Photographing Night Scenes ......................................
DRIVE MODES ................................................................ 46
Self-timer .................................................................... 46
Continuous Advance .................................................. 48
For Owners of the Remote Control Model .................. 49
Focus Lock in Remote Control Mode ........................ 50
continued on next page
APPENDIX
17
17
17
18
18
19
20
20
20
21
21
23
24
24
SUBJECT / DRIVE
GETTING STARTED
2
SUBJECT /
DRIVE
SUBJECT PROGRAM / DRIVE MODES
GETTING STARTED
STRAP ............................................................................
Attaching the Strap ....................................................
Using the Eyepiece Cap ............................................
BATTERIES ....................................................................
Installing the Batteries ................................................
Battery Condition Indicators ........................................
LENS................................................................................
Attaching the Lens ......................................................
Removing the Lens ....................................................
FILM ................................................................................
Loading the Film ........................................................
Film Chamber Lock ....................................................
Rewinding the Film ....................................................
Manual Rewind ..........................................................
HANDLING THE CAMERA ............................................ 26
Pressing the Shutter-release Button .......................... 26
Holding the Camera .................................................... 26
EYE-START .................................................................... 27
AUDIO SIGNAL .............................................................. 29
TAKING PICTURES IN FULL-AUTO .............................. 30
FOCUS ............................................................................ 32
Focus Signals.............................................................. 32
Special Focus Situations ............................................ 33
FOCUS LOCK ................................................................ 34
USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH ........................................ 35
Flash Signals .............................................................. 35
Flash Range................................................................ 36
Lens Shadowing.......................................................... 36
Fill Flash ......................................................................37
Flash Cancel .............................................................. 37
Red-eye Reduction .................................................... 38
CREATIVE
EXPOSURE
FOR PROPER AND SAFE USE ........................................ 7
QUICK OPERATION ........................................................ 10
NAMES OF PARTS .......................................................... 12
Body ............................................................................ 12
Data Panel .................................................................. 14
Viewfinder.................................................................... 15
FULLY-AUTOMATIC OPERATION
AUTOMATIC OPERATION
The GETTING STARTED section describes how to prepare the camera for
use. The FULLY-AUTOMATIC OPERATION chapter shows how to take
photographs quickly and simply by using the camera’s automatic
features. Advanced shooting features are covered in SUBJECT
PROGRAM / DRIVE MODES. The CREATIVE EXPOSURE MODE section
introduces exposure control. The DETAILED OPERATION section
describes advanced functions within the camera. The last section,
CUSTOM FUNCTIONS, shows how to customize camera operation.
Custom Function Notes have been inserted throughout the manual as
reference to camera operations that can be changed.
GETTING
STARTED
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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GETTING
STARTED
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
4
EXPOSURE .................................................................... 77
14-Segment Honeycomb Pattern Metering ................ 77
Spot Metering.............................................................. 77
Spot-AE Lock .............................................................. 78
Ev Scale Display When Using the Spot-AE Lock ...... 80
TAKING TIME EXPOSURES (buLb) .............................. 81
EXPOSURE COMPENSATION ...................................... 84
Checking Exposure Compensation ............................ 85
FOR OWNER’S OF THE QUARTZ DATE MODEL ......
Imprinting the Date or Time ......................................
Setting the Date or Time ..........................................
Changing the Date Format........................................
AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
SUBJECT /
DRIVE
CREATIVE
EXPOSURE
DETAILED OPERATION
FLASH ............................................................................ 93
Program Flash ............................................................ 93
Attaching the Accessory Flash.................................... 94
Flash Metering ............................................................ 94
SLOW-SYNC .................................................................. 96
HIGH-SPEED SYNC (HSS) ............................................ 97
WIRELESS/REMOTE FLASH ........................................ 98
Setting Wireless/Remote Flash Mode ........................ 99
Taking Pictures in Wireless/Remote Flash Mode .... 100
Wireless/Remote Ratio Flash .................................. 101
103
103
104
105
DETAILED
OPERATION
68
68
69
70
72
72
73
74
75
76
86
87
88
88
89
89
90
92
CUSTOM FUNCTIONS .................................................... 106
CUSTOM
FUNCTIONS
FOCUS AREA ................................................................
Wide Focus Frame......................................................
Spot Focus Area ........................................................
Local Focus Areas ......................................................
FOCUS MODES ..............................................................
Automatic AF ..............................................................
Continuous AF ..........................................................
Single-shot AF ............................................................
Manual Focus..............................................................
AF ILLUMINATOR ..........................................................
SETTING THE ISO MANUALLY ....................................
EXPOSURE BRACKETING ............................................
Continuous Advance Bracketing ................................
Single Frame Advance Bracketing..............................
Flash Notes ................................................................
Bracketing with the Exposure-compensation Button ..
MULTIPLE EXPOSURE ..................................................
Metering Multiple Exposure ........................................
APPENDIX.......................................................................... 114
PROGRAM-RESET BUTTON ...................................... 115
ACCESSORY INFORMATION ...................................... 116
TROUBLE SHOOTING ................................................ 120
CARE AND STORE ...................................................... 122
SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................ 124
INDEX ............................................................................ 126
APPENDIX
DETAILED OPERATION
DETAILED OPERATION
CUSTOM
FUNCTIONS
APERTURE CONTROL .................................................. 52
SHUTTER CONTROL .................................................... 53
EXPOSURE MODES ...................................................... 54
A MODE (APERTURE PRIORITY) ................................ 55
Flash With A Mode ...................................................... 57
Depth-of-field Preview ................................................ 58
S MODE (SHUTTER PRIORITY) .................................... 59
Flash With S Mode...................................................... 60
M MODE (MANUAL) ...................................................... 61
Ev Scale in the Viewfinder .......................................... 62
Flash With M Mode .................................................... 63
P MODE ............................................................................64
PA mode...................................................................... 64
Ps mode ...................................................................... 65
EXPOSURE WARNINGS ................................................ 66
APPENDIX
CREATIVE EXPOSURE
CREATIVE EXPOSURE MODES
5
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FOR PROPER AND SAFE USE
Thank you for purchasing the Minolta Maxxum/Dynax 5. Please take time
to read this manual so that you can enjoy all the features of your new
camera. This manual has been designed to help you understand the
camera’s operation quickly. The information in this manual is relevant for
products introduced before May, 2001. Contact the nearest authorized
Minolta Service facility to obtain compatibility information for products
released after this date.
This camera is designed to work specifically with lenses and accessories
manufactured and distributed by Minolta. Using incompatible
accessories with this camera may result in unsatisfactory performance
or damage the camera and accessories.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation. Changes or modifications not approved by the party responsible
for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Read and understand all warnings and cautions before using this
product.
WARNING
Using batteries improperly can cause them to leak harmful solutions,
overheat, or explode which may damage property or cause personal
injury. Do not ignore the following warnings.
• Only use the batteries specified in this instruction manual.
• Do not install the batteries with the polarity (+/–) reversed.
• Do not use batteries which show wear or damage.
• Do not expose batteries to fire, high temperatures, water, or
moisture.
• Do not attempt to short or disassemble batteries.
• Do not store batteries near or in metallic products.
• Do not mix batteries of different types, brands, or ages.
• Do not use leaking batteries. If fluid from the batteries enters your
eye, immediately rinse the eye with plenty of fresh water and
contact a doctor. If fluid from the batteries makes contact with your
skin or clothing, wash the area thoroughly with water.
• Tape over lithium battery contacts to avoid short-circuiting during
disposal; always follow local regulations for battery disposal.
• Do not disassemble this product. Electric shock may cause injury if
a high voltage circuit inside the product is touched. Take the product
to a Minolta Service Facility when repairs are required.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
This mark on the bottom of your camera is there to inform you
that this camera meets the requirements of the EU (European
Union) concerning interference causing equipment
regulations. CE stands for Conformité Européenne (European
Conformity).
6
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FOR PROPER AND SAFE USE
WARNING
• Immediately remove the batteries and discontinue use if the camera
is dropped or subjected to an impact in which the interior, especially
the flash unit, is exposed. The flash has a high voltage circuit which
may cause an electric shock resulting in injury. The continued use of
a damaged product or part may cause injuries.
• Keep batteries or small parts that could be swallowed away from
infants. Contact a doctor immediately if an object is swallowed.
• Store this product out of reach of children. Be careful when around
children, not to harm them with the product or parts.
• Do not fire the flash directly into the eyes. It may damage eyesight.
• Do not fire the flash at vehicle operators. It may cause a distraction
or temporary blindness which may lead to an accident.
• Do not look at the sun or strong light sources directly through the
viewfinder or lens. It may damage your eyesight or cause
blindness.
• Do not use the product near inflammable gases or liquids such as
gasoline, benzine, or paint thinner. Do not use inflammable products
such as alcohol, benzine, or paint thinner to clean the product. The
use of inflammable cleaners and solvents may cause an explosion
or fire.
• If the product emits a strange odor, heat, or smoke, discontinue use.
Immediately remove the batteries taking care not to burn yourself.
The continued use of a damaged product or part may cause
injuries.
• Take the product to a Minolta Service Facility when repairs are
required.
8
CAUTION
• Do not point the product directly at the sun. If sunlight is focused on
an inflammable surface, a fire may result. Replace the lens cap
when the product is not in use.
• Do not use or store the product in a hot or humid environment such
as the glove compartment or trunk of a car. It may damage the
product and batteries which may result in burns or injuries caused
by heat, fire, explosion, or leaking battery fluid.
• If batteries are leaking, discontinue use of the product.
• Do not fire the flash while it is in contact with people or objects. The
flash unit discharges a large amount of energy which may cause
burns.
• Do not apply pressure to the data panel. A damaged panel may
cause injury, and the liquid from the panel may cause inflammation.
If liquid from the panel makes contact with skin wash the area with
fresh water. If liquid from the panel comes in contact with the eyes,
immediately rinse the eyes with plenty of water and contact a
doctor.
9
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QUICK OPERATION
1
2
3
Insert batteries.
• This camera uses two CR2 lithium
batteries.
p.18
Attach the lens.
•Align the red mounting index on the
lens with the one on the camera.
Carefully insert the lens into the mount
and turn it clockwise until it clicks into
the locked position.
p.20
Set full-auto operation.
5
•Press the program-reset button to set
the camera to fully automatic
operation.
p.30
6
Center your subject in the
wide focus frame
. If using
a zoom lens, rotate the
zooming ring to frame your
subject as desired.
• With the eye-start on, the camera will
focus and set exposure automatically.
Eye start is initially on when the
camera is taken out of the package.
• With the eye-start off, the camera will
focus and set exposure automatically
when the shutter release button is
pressed partway down.
Slide the main switch to ON.
p.26
• The audio signal confirms the camera
has focused when the shutter release
button is pressed partway down.
4
p.29
Load the film.
• Align the film tip with the red mark,
then close the back cover.
p.21
7
When
or
appears in the
viewfinder, press the shutterrelease button all the way
down to take the picture.
• Use focus lock if your subject is offcenter and outside the focus frame.
p.34
10
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NAMES OF PARTS
Body
For information on specific parts, refer to the page shown in
parentheses.
Built-in flash* (35)
Flash-mode button (37)
Program-reset button (30)
*This camera is a sophisticated optical instrument. Care should be taken
to keep these surfaces clean. Please read the care and storage
instructions in the back of this manual (p. 122).
Main switch (30)
Accessory shoe
Function button
Control dial
Data panel
Function dial
Shutter-release
button (26)
Viewfinder*
Strap eyelet (17)
Self-timer lamp /
Remote-control
receiver1 (46/49)
Drive-mode button
(46-50)
Eyepiece sensors* (27)
Subject-program
button (40-45)
Eyepiece
Cup (119)
Strap eyelet (17)
Remote-control
terminal1 (49)
Grip sensors (27)
Lens contacts*
Focus-mode switch (75)
Mirror*
Film window (23)
Lens mount
Exposurecompensation
button (84)
Date button (103)
Select button (103)
2
Battery-chamber
door (18)
Film-chamber lock
indicator (23)
2
Tripod socket
Manualrewind
button
(24)
Back-cover
release (21)
Spot AF button (69)
APPENDIX
Depth-of-field
preview button
(58)
Spot-AE lock button
(78)
Lens release (20)
Available on the remote-control model only.
Available on the quartz-data model only.
1
2
12
13
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NAMES OF PARTS
Data Panel
Viewfinder
Spot focus area (69)
Manual-focus indicator (75)
Exposure-mode indicator (54-66)
ExposureSelf-timer
bracketing
indicator (46)
indicator
(87)
Shutter speed/ISO display
Date indicator2 (103)
Subject-program icons (40-45)
Subject-program indicators
(40-45)
Aperture/Exposure-compensation/Custom-function display (84/106)
Battery condition
indicator (23)
Multipleexposure
indicator (90)
Exposure-compensation indicator (84)
High-speed sync
indicator (97)
Frame counter/
Multiple-exposure/
Custom setting display
(23/90/106)
Wireless/Remote
flash indicaRed-eye reductor (98)
tion indicator (38)
Film-transport signals (23)
Cartridge mark (23)
AF-mode indicators (72-74)
Remote-control indicator1 (49)
Spot metering area (78)
Aperture/Exposure-compensation display (85)
High-speed sync
indicator (97)
Flash indicator
(35)
Local focus areas (70)
Shutterspeed/ISO
display
Wireless/Remote
flash indicator (98)
Flash-mode
indicators (37)
Single frame/Continuous
advance indicator (48)
Wide focus frame
(68)
Focus signals
(32)
Focus-area
indicators (68)
Spot-AE lock
indicator (78)
Ev scale (62/80)
Exposure-compensation
indicator (85)
Available on the remote-control model only.
Available on the quartz-date model only.
1
2
14
15
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GETTING
STARTED
GETTING
STARTED
STRAP
Attaching the Strap
1
Pass the strap
through the strap
eyelet from below
as shown.
• Attach the strap so that
the tip comes inside.
This section provides the information necessary to
prepare the camera for use.
Strap (p.17)
2
Batteries (p.18)
Film (p.21)
Lens (p.20)
Push down the buckle to fix
the strap.
• Take care not to catch the strap when closing the back cover.
Using the Eyepiece Cap
The eyepiece cap is used to prevent light from entering the camera during time exposures (buLb, p. 81) or when using the self-timer (p. 46).
Light entering through the viewfinder can affect the metered exposure.
Firmly press the eyepiece cap of
the strap into the eyepiece.
16
17
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BATTERIES
Installing the Batteries
Battery Condition Indicators
Your camera uses two 3V CR2 lithimum batteries to
supply power for all camera operations.
1
Slide the battery-chamber
release as shown, and open
the door.
2
Insert the batteries. Match the
positive terminal mark inside
the battery chamber-door with
the positive end of the
batteries.
Battery condition indicators shows the level of battery
power.
Turn the main switch to ON.
• A battery icon appears on the data
panel indicating the power status of
the batteries.
• For owners of the quartz-date
model, the date settings will blink if
not set. Set the date settings
(p.103) or press the program-reset
button to display the power status.
Steady
• Power is sufficient for all camera operations.
Blinks
• Power is low. All functions are operational, but
the batteries will need to be replaced soon.
Flash recycling time may be slow.
3
Close the battery-chamber
door and push until it clicks.
• When changing batteries, make sure the main switch is off.
• Setting the camera down with the battery-chamber door open may
damage the camera.
• For owners of the quartz-data model, the date and time will be reset if
batteries are removed for more than 5 minutes or the camera is stored
with weak batteries for long periods. To set the data and time, see page
103.
• Read “FOR PROPER AND SAFE USE” (p.7) before using batteries.
18
Blinks ( no other displays appear )
• Power is insufficient for camera operation and
the shutter is locked. Replace the batteries.
• The battery-chamber door is closed without
the batteries inserted. The display will
disappear after 5 minutes.
• If the data panel is blank, the batteries may be dead or installed
incorrectly.
• Occasionally, the battery-condition indicator will give a false low-batterypower warning
, even though there is enough power capacity. Turn
the main switch on and off a few times to reset the display.
19
GETTING
STARTED
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LENS
FILM
Attaching the Lens
Always load or remove the film under subdued light to reduce the
chances of fogging.
This camera uses interchangeable lenses. See page 116 for information
on which lenses are compatible with this camera.
1
2
Remove the body and rear
lens caps.
Align the red mounting index
on the lens and camera
body. Carefully insert the
lens into the mount, then
turn it clockwise until it
clicks into the locked
position.
• Do not insert the lens at an angle.
GETTING
STARTED
9222-2163-11 MM-B108 (E).qxd
Loading the Film
The camera automatically sets the correct film
speed (ISO) with DX-code film.
1
Press the back-cover
release to open the back
cover.
2
Insert the film cartridge
into the film chamber.
Removing the Lens
While pressing the lens release,
turn the lens counter-clockwise
until it stops. Carefully remove
the lens.
• Replace the caps on the lens and
attach the body cap or another lens
on the camera.
• Never force the lens. If it does not fit, check its orientation with the index
marks. When removing, make sure the lens release is pressed all the way
down.
• Do not touch the inside of the camera, especially the lens contacts and
mirror.
20
• Do not use Polaroid Instant 35mm film. Winding problems may occur.
• Do not use infrared film in this camera. The camera’s frame counter
sensor will fog infrared film.
• If non-DX-coded film is used, the camera will use the previous roll’s ISO
setting. Refer to page 86 to set the film speed manually.
• More than 40 exposures can not be taken on one roll with this camera.
When using 72-exposure film, the camera will start to rewind the film after
40 exposures have been made.
Continued on next page
21
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FILM
3
When the film is loaded correctly :
•
appears in the frame counter. The film
speed (ISO) is displayed on the data panel for
5 seconds.
• If the film is loaded with the power off, the film
speed (ISO) and
appears on the data
panel for approximately five seconds to
indicate successful loading, then the camera
shuts down.
Extend the leader between
the guide rails to the index
mark.
• Hold the film cartridge down so that
the film lays flat.
• If the film tip extends beyond the
index mark, take the cartridge out
and rewind the excess film back into
the cartridge.
When the film is loaded incorrectly :
•
blinks in the frame counter and the shutter
locks. Open the back cover and repeat steps 2
– 4.
• If the film is loaded with the power off,
blinks on the data panel before the camera
shuts down.
The shutter curtain’s precision design
makes it extremely sensitive to pressure.
Never touch it with your fingers or the
film tip.
4
Film-chamber Lock
Once the film is loaded, the back-cover release will lock until the film is
rewound to prevent the camera from being opened accidentally.
The film window and the filmchamber lock indicator will
show if a roll of film is in the
camera. Always check these
before loading a new film.
Close the back cover.
• The camera automatically advances
the film to the first frame.
• Take care not to catch the strap
when closing the back cover.
• When film is loaded properly, the film
chamber lock indicator is red, and the
back cover cannot be opened.
• To change a roll of film in the
camera, refer to manual rewind on
page 24.
Film Window
22
Film-chamber
lock indicator
23
GETTING
STARTED
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FILM
Rewinding the Film
After you have exposed the last frame, the camera will automatically
rewind the film.
1
Wait until the film is
completely rewound.
will appear and
will blink on
the data panel, indicating it is safe to
open the back-cover.
• The film-chamber lock indicator is
blank after the film is rewound.
FULLY-AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
•
2
Press the back-cover release
to open the back cover and
remove the film, then close
the back cover.
Use full-auto when you are just starting out or when
shooting under conditions that would require you to
constantly adjust the focus or exposure.
Program-reset button (p.30)
• Do not turn the focusing ring when the film is rewinding.
• Although more pictures than specified on the film package may be taken,
the film processor may not print more than the number specified on the
film cartridge.
Manual Rewind
Use manual rewind to rewind the film before the roll is finished.
Gently press the manualrewind button using a pen.
• Only use blunt objects. Sharp
objects may damage the camera.
•
will appear and
will blink on
the data panel when the film has
rewound.
Custom Function Notes
Cust-2: Automatic (1) or manually initiated (2) rewind start (p.108).
Cust-3: Rewind the leader into the cartridge (1) or leave the leader out (2)
(p.109).
24
25
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HANDLING THE CAMERA
EYE-START
Pressing the Shutter-release Button
Press the shutter-release button partway down to activate the camera’s
autofocus and auto-exposure systems when eye-start is off. Press the
shutter-release button all the way down to take the picture. When taking
a picture, press the shutter-release button with your index finger gently
so not the shake the camera during the exposure.
Before pressing
Pressing
partway down
activates
camera
systems
Instead the shutter-release button, the eye-start automatically activates
the camera’s focus and exposure systems when you bring the camera to
your eye. The eye-start is initially on.
Turning Eye-start ON
Pressing
all the down
releases
the shutter
1
Turn the function dial to
2
While pressing the function
button, turn the control dial
until
appears on the
data panel. The eye-start
function is now on.
3
When taking a picture, touch
the grip sensor to activate
the eyepiece sensors
located near the viewfinder.
4
Bring the camera to your
eye and frame the subject in
the viewfinder. When an
object is detected near the
viewfinder, the camera’s
systems are activated to set
the focus and exposure.
.
Holding the Camera
Grip the camera firmly with your right hand, while supporting the lens
with your left. Keep your elbows at your side and your feet shoulderwidth apart to hold the camera steady. Keep the camera strap around
your neck or wrist in the event you accidentally drop the camera.
Grip Sensor
• Lean against a wall or rest your elbows on a solid surface to steady the
camera in low-light situations.
• The use of the tripod is recommended when using the camera in low-light
situations or with slow shutter speeds or telephoto lenses.
26
Eyepiece sensors
• Autofocus and exposure systems
shut down approximately five
seconds after eyepiece or grip
sensor contact is broken.
27
AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
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AUDIO SIGNAL
EYE-START
Canceling Eye-start
1
2
Turn the function dial to
.
While pressing the function
button, turn the control dial
until
appears on the
data panel.
Audio signal is initially on. The camera will produce an audio tone when :
• focus is confirmed.
2 short beeps
(Continuous AF (p. 73) does not use audio signals.)
• during the self-timer countdown.
will beep in unison with the self-timer lamp.
• Remote-control operation*
will give one short beep before the shutter releases with the release
button.
With the delayed-release button, the signal will beep rapidly for 1
second, and then sound a long tone just before the shutter releases.
*Remote-control is sold separately for owners of the remote-control model.
Canceling the Audio Signal
1
2
Turn the function dial to
.
While pressing the function
button, turn the control dial
to
.
Turning the Audio Signal On
• Eye-start may not work properly when using a tripod, wearing gloves, or if
your hands are very dry. In these cases, press the shutter-release button
partway down to activate the autofocus and metering systems.
• Infrared absorbing sunglasses may affect eye-start operation.
Custom Function Notes
Cust-7 : The grip sensor activates the eyepiece sensors (1), the main
switch activates the eyepiece sensors (2) (p.110).
28
1
Turn the function dial to
2
While pressing the function
button, turn the control dial
until
appears on the
data panel.
.
29
AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
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Full-auto is the camera’s standard operating mode and is suited for use
in almost any situation. When selected, the camera sets the focus and
exposure automatically and fires the built-in flash when necessary.
1
3
Slide the main switch to ON.
Center your subject in the
wide focus frame
. If
using a zoom lens, rotate
the zooming ring to frame
your subject as
desired.
• With the eye-start on, the
camera will focus and set
exposure automatically.
• With the eye-start off, press the
shutter release button partway down
to activate the autofocus and
exposure systems.
• When
appeas in the viewfinder,
the flash will fire (p.35).
Flash signal
2
Press the program-reset button
set the camera to full-auto.
P
to
• The camera will return to its default settings (p115).
4
When
or
appears in
the viewfinder, press the
shutter-release button all the
way down to take the
picture.
• The audio signal confirms the
camera has focused when the
shutter-release button is pressed
partway down.
• In low-light conditions, the AF
illuminator will activate to determine
focus distance (p.76).
30
31
AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
TAKING PICTURES IN FULL-AUTO
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FOCUS
Special Focus Situations
The following signals appear in the
viewfinder to indicate the focus status.
• Focusing time can be longer with macro or
telephoto lenses. In very dark conditions
the camera may require a little more time
to ensure accurate focus.
Steady
Focus is confirmed.
Steady
Focus is confirmed (Continuous AF ).
Steady
Lens is focusing (Continuous AF).
• The shutter is locked.
Focus cannot be confirmed.
• The shutter is locked.
Blinking
The camera may not be able to focus in the situations described below.
Use focus lock (p. 34) or manual focus (p.75).
AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
Focus Signals
If the subject within the focus
frame is very bright, or low in
contrast.
If two subjects at different
distances overlap in the
focus frame.
If a subject composed of
alternating light and dark
lines completely fills the
focus frame.
If your subject is near a very
bright object or area.
• When focus cannot be confirmed, the subject may be too close or one of
the special focus situations on the following page is preventing the system
from focusing. Use focus lock (p. 34) or manual focus (p. 75).
Custom Function Notes
Cust-1: Autofocus has priority (1), shutter-release has priority (2) (p.108).
32
33
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USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH
The focus-lock function is used when the
subject is off-center and outside the focus
frame. Focus lock may also be used when
a special focusing situation prevents the
camera from focusing on the subject.
• Focus lock cannot be used with
continuous AF. The spot AF button (p.69)
can also be used for focus lock.
• Focus can be locked in continuous AF
(p.73) with the spot AF button.
1
When
appears in the viewfinder in full-auto, the built-in flash pops-up
automatically when the shutter-release button is pressed partway down.
Once the flash is up, it will fire when necessary.
• The shutter will not release until the flash is charged.
• To turn off the autoflash, select flash cancel
.
• Pressing the program-reset button resets the flash to autoflash mode.
• Push down the built-in flash when the camera is not in use.
Flash Signals
Flash signals in the viewfinder indicate
the status of the flash.
Center your subject in the wide
focus frame
, then press
the shutter-release button
partway down to lock the
focus.
Action
• When
appears in the viewfinder, the
focus is locked.
• Focus lock also sets the exposure
settings.
2
Continue to hold the shutterrelease button partway down
while you compose your
picture.
Composing the
picture
Eye-start
ON
Pressing the
shutter-release
button
partway
down
After taking the
picture
Eye-start
Pressing the
shutte- release
button partway
down
OFF
3
Press the shutter-release
button the rest of the way
down to take the picture.
• Removing your finger off the shutterrelease button cancels focus lock.
34
After taking the
picture
Signal
Indicated Flash Status
Steady
Built-in flash
pops-up
Flash is needed.
Disappears
Flash is charging.
Steady
Flash is ready.
Blinks
The flash exposure was
confirmed.
Built-in flash
pops-up
Disappears
Flash is needed.
Flash is charging.
Steady
Flash is ready.
Blinks
The flash exposure was
confirmed.
• When
does not blink after taking the picture, the subject was not within
the flash range. Please check the flash range on the next page.
35
AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
FOCUS LOCK
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Flash Range
Fill Flash
The range of the built-in flash depends on the speed of the film and the
selected aperture. Make sure your subject is within the flash range
specified in the table below.
Use the fill flash when taking pictures under fluorescent lighting or to
eliminate harsh shadows. When set, the flash will fire every time a
picture is taken.
ISO 100
ISO400
f/3.5
1.0 ~ 3.4m
(3.3 ~ 11.2 ft.)
1.0 ~ 6.8m
(3.3 ~ 22.3 ft.)
f/4.0
1.0 ~ 3.0m
(3.3 ~ 9.8 ft.)
1.0 ~ 6.0m
(3.3 ~ 19.7 ft.)
f/5.6
1.0 ~ 2.1m
(3.3 ~ 6.9 ft.)
1.0 ~ 4.3m
(3.3 ~ 14.1 ft.)
While pressing the flash-mode
button , turn the control dial
until
appears on the data
panel.
• To return to autoflash mode, repeat the
step above until
appears.
• A shortcut for single shots with fill
flash in autoflash mode can be made.
Hold the flash-mode button down when
pressing the shutter-release button to
fire the fill flash.
• Do not use the built-in flash with focal lengths shorter than 28mm. The
built-in flash cannot cover lenses wider than 28mm.
• Make sure you are at least 1m (3.3 ft.) from your subject when using the
built-in flash.
Flash Cancel
Use the flash cancel when photographing twilight scenes or to capture
the ambiance of the existing light.
While pressing the flash-mode
button , turn the control dial
until
appears on the data
panel.
Lens Shadowing
Lens shadowing occurs when the lens or lens hood blocks part of the
output from the built-in flash. Lens shadowing appears as a semi-circular
shadow area at the bottom (horizontal pictures) or side (vertical pictures)
of the image.
• Remove the lens hood before using the built-in flash.
• Lens shadowing may occur with the following lenses at the shorter focal
lengths.
AF Zoom 28-70mm f/2.8G
AF Zoom 17-35mm f/3.5G
AF Zoom 28-135mm f/4.0-4.5
AF Zoom 28-85mm f/3.5-4.5
• The built-in flash can not be used with the following lenses:
AF 300mm f/2.8 (APO tele)
AF 600mm f/4.0 (APO tele)
36
• The flash will not fire even if the built-in
flash pops-up.
• To return to autoflash mode, repeat the step above until
appears.
• The shutter speeds will be slow in low-light situations. The use of a tripod
is recommended.
Custom Function Notes
Cust-8: Autoflash will be set in P mode (1), flash cancel will be set in PA mode
(2) or PS mode (3) (p.111).
37
AUTOMATIC
OPERATION
USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH
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USING THE BUILT-IN FLASH
Red-Eye Reduction
When using flash in low-light conditions, light reflecting from the retina
of your subject’s eyes may produce the effect known as red-eye. Use the
built-in flash’s red-eye reduction mode to produce natural looking
photographs.
1
Turn the function dial to
2
While pressing the function
button, turn the control dial
until
and
appear on
the data panel.
.
• When you release the button, the
display will return to normal and only
will remain on the data panel.
• Warn your subject that the flash will
fire a few short flash bursts just
before the picture is taken.
SUBJECT PROGRAM /
DRIVE MODES
Now that you are comfortable with the operation of
the camera, take more control of the creative process
by telling the camera what kind of pictures you want
to take.
The subject-program modes optimize camera settings
for specific situations. This section also lets you
explore the use of the drive-mode button. Drive
modes control the advance of the film.
Subject-program button
Drive-mode button
Canceling Red-eye Reduction
Turn the function dial to
.
While pressing the function
button, turn the control dial
until
appear on
and
the data panel.
38
39
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SUBJECT-PROGRAM SELECTION
Landscape
Portraits have the greatest impact when a
shallow depth-of-field* is used to separate
the subject from the background. In
portrait mode, the necessary settings are
made automatically, leaving you free to
capture the perfect expression.
*Depth-of-field is the area in front of and
behind the subject that appears sharp (p.
52).
Landscape photography requires a large
depth-of-field to make sure the subject
and background are in focus. In
landscape mode, the camera is set to
obtain the greatest depth-of-field
possible, while maintaining a shutter
speed fast enough to prevent blurring
from camera shake.
Press the subject-program
button
until the subjectprogram indicator
points to
.
• For best results use the telephoto setting of the lens.
• Use fill flash (p. 37) when your subject is backlit or has strong shadows
across the face.
• Focus on your subject’s eyes and be ready to capture the perfect
expression.
• Use night portrait mode (p.44) with subjects at night.
40
SUBJECT /
DRIVE
Portrait
Press the subject-program
button
until the subjectprogram indicator
points to
.
• For best results zoom to a wide angle setting or use a wide angle lens.
Include a foreground subject or detail to create a feeling of depth in the
picture.
• Use flash when a subject in the foreground is backlit or has strong
shadows across the face. Without a foreground subject, the flash will have
no effect on the landscape. Please see page 36 for the camera’s flash
range.
• For best results, use a tripod.
• Use night portrait mode (p.44) with subjects or scenery at night.
41
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SUBJECT-PROGRAM SELECTION
Sports
Use close-up mode when photographing
small objects like flowers or jewelry. In
close-up mode, the camera automatically
sets the best possible aperture and
shutter speed for close-up photography.
• Focusing time can be longer with macro
lenses.
Fast shutter speeds are needed to stop
action. In sports mode, the camera will
set the fastest possible shutter speed
and continually adjust the focus to track
fast-moving subjects.
SUBJECT /
DRIVE
Close-up
Press the subject-program
button
until the subjectprogram indicator
points to
.
• Use a tripod to reduce camera
shake.
• For best results in close-up photography use a macro lens or a macro
capable zoom lens.
• Do not use the built-in flash if your subject is closer than 1.0m (3.3 ft.). The
flash exposure will be overexposed. See flash range, p. 36.
• At close distances, the lens or len hood may block the flash, creating a
shadow at the bottom of your image (lens shadowing, p. 36). The use of
an accessory flash is recommended.
• Make sure the subject is not closer than the minimum focusing distance of
lens. Refer to the owner’s manual of your lens.
42
Press the subject-program
button
until the subjectprogram indicator
points to
.
• The camera continues to focus as
long as the shutter-release button is
pressed partway down. Continuous
AF (p.73) is used.
• The built-in flash is only effective when your subject is within the flash
range. When the subject is not within the range, use flash cancel (p.37).
• The use of fast film is recommended.
• Mount the camera on a tripod or monopod when using telephoto lenses.
43
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Night Portrait
Photograping Night Scenes
Night portraits balance the camera’s flash
exposure with the background exposure.
In night portrait mode, the camera control
the aperture and shutter speed, allowing
the background to appear in the
photograph.
Cancel the flash in night portrait mode to
photograph night scenes. The longer
shutter speeds set in night portrait mode
let you capture beautiful photographs of
twilight scenes and night skylines.
Press the subject-program
button
until the subjectprogram indicator
points to
.
• Set the flash to fill flash
or fill
flash with red-eye reduction
when using night portrait mode. See
pages 37 and 38.
Flash-mode
button
1
Press the subject-program
button
until the
subject-program
indicator
points to
.
2
While pressing the flashmode button, turn the
control dial until
appears
on the data panel.
•
Use a tripod to reduce camera
shake.
Control dial
• The use of fast film is recommended.
• Warn your subject not to move while the picture is taken. The shutter
remains open to capture the background.
• The shutter speed may be slow. Use a tripod to reduce camera shake.
44
• The use of fast film is recommended.
• Dark night scenes may be prevent the AF system from focusing, use focus
lock (p34) or manual focus (p75).
• Night scenes tend to be better at twillight rather than in the darkness of
night. The faint light in the early evening sky adds detail to the shadows of
the scene.
• The shutter speed may be slowe. Use a tripod to reduce camera shake.
45
SUBJECT /
DRIVE
SUBJECT-PROGRAM SELECTION
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DRIVE MODES
Self-timer
The self-timer delays the release of the shutter for approximately 10
seconds after the shutter-release button is pressed.
3
Press the shutter-release
button partway down to lock
the focus.
1
Place the camera on a tripod.
Press the drive-mode
button
until
appears
on the data panel.
Single frame
advance
Remote-control
2
Self-timer
4
Press the shutter-release
button all the way down to
start the timer.
• The self-timer lamp on the front of
the camera will blink, then glow just
before the shutter releases.
• The audio signal beeps in unison
with the self-timer lamp (p.29).
Continuous advance
Center your subject in the
focus frame.
• Do not press the shutter-release button while standing in front of the
camera.The focus and exposure is set when the shutter-release button is
pressed.
• The self-timer is cancelled after the shutter is released.
• To cancel the self-timer countdown, press the drive-mode button or slide
the main switch to OFF before the shutter releases.
• Attach the eyepiece cap if there is a bright light source behind the camera
(p.17).
46
47
SUBJECT /
DRIVE
• For off-center subjects, use focus lock
(p. 34).
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Continuous Adavance
For Owner’s of the Remote-control Model
In this mode, the camera continues to release the shutter and advance
the film as long as the shutter-release button is held down.
The camera can be operated up to 5m (16.4 ft.) away with the IR Remote
Control RC-3 (sold separatedly).
• The camera takes 3 frames per second, when setting the shutter-speed to
above 1/125 second with flash cancel (p.37), single-shot autofocus or manual
focus (p.75), and new batteries.*
* For the quartz-date model, the data-imprinting function is off (p.103).
1
2
Press the drive-mode
button
until
appears
on the data panel.
Press and hold the shutterrelease button to begin
taking a series of pictures.
• When taking flash pictures, the
shutter will release only when the
built-in flash finishes charging
between exposures.
• With accessory flashes, the shutter
will continue to release even if the
flash is charging.
• With continuous AF and moving
subjects, the shutter will release only
when the camera has focused on the
subject between exposures.
• To return to single frame mode, press
the drive-mode button until
appears on the data panel.
• AF zoom xi and power zoom lenses cannot be zoomed when taking
pictures with continuous adavance.
Custom Function Notes
Cust-1: Autofocus has priority (1), the shutter-release has priority (2) (p.108).
48
1
Place the camera on a tripod.
Press the drive-mode
button
until
appears on
the data panel.
2
Arrange the camera and
subject position to compose
your picture.
3
Point the emitter window
toward the remote-control
receiver and press the release
or the delay button.
Emitter window
Delay button
Release button
• If the release button is pressed, the
lamp on the front of the camera will
blink once before the shutter releases.
The audio signal will produce 1 short
beep.
• If the delay button is pressed, the lamp
on the front of the camera will blink for
two seconds before the shutter
releases. The audio signal will beep in
unison with the lamp.
• The remote control may not work under fluorescent lighting or in backlit
situations.
• If the built-in flash ‘pops-up’ when the release button on remote control is
pressed, wait a few seconds for the flash to charge before pressing the
release button again.
• To save power, remote-control mode is canceled if the remote control is
not operated for more than 5 minutes.
• Attach the eyepiece cap if there is a bright light source behind the camera.
49
SUBJECT /
DRIVE
DRIVE MODES