Whirlpool Indirect-Fired Water Heater Specifications

SuperStor Ultra
Indirect Fired
Water Heaters
INSTALLATION
START-UP
MAINTENANCE
PARTS
For Residential and Commercial Use
This manual must only be used by a qualified installer/service technician. Read all instructions in this manual before installing. Perform
steps in the given order. Failure to comply could result in substantial property damage, severe personal injury, or death.
NOTICE: HTP reserves the right to make product changes or updates without notice and will not be held liable for typographical errors
in literature.
The surfaces of these products contacted by consumable water contain less than 0.25% lead by weight, as required by the Safe
Drinking Water Act, Section 1417.
NOTE TO CONSUMER: PLEASE KEEP ALL INSTRUCTIONS FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
120 Braley Rd. P.O. Box 429
East Freetown, MA 02717-0429
www.htproducts.com
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
2
The following defined terms are used throughout this manual to bring attention to the presence of hazards of various risk
levels, or to important product information.
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION used without the safety alert symbol indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in property
damage.
FOREWORD
This manual is intended to be used in conjunction with other literature provided with the SuperStor Ultra Indirect Fired Water Heater.
This includes all related control information. It is important that this manual, all other documents included with this system, and
additional publications including the Code for the Installation of Heat Producing Appliances (latest version), be reviewed in their entirety
before beginning any work.
Installation should be made in accordance with the regulations of the local code authorities and utility companies which pertain to this
type of water heating equipment.
FOR THE INSTALLER
This water heater must be installed by qualified and licensed personnel. The installer should be guided by the instructions furnished
with the water heater, and with local codes and utility company requirements.
INSTALLATIONS MUST COMPLY WITH:
Local, state, provincial, and national codes, laws, regulations and ordinances.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART 1 – GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION .......................................................................................................................... 3
A. PRECAUTIONS .......................................................................................................................................................................... 3
B. WHEN SERVICING THE WATER HEATING SYSTEM .............................................................................................................. 4
C. HEATER WATER ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4
D. FREEZE PROTECTION ............................................................................................................................................................. 4
E. CHEMICAL VAPOR CORROSION ............................................................................................................................................. 4
F. WATER TEMPERATURE ADJUSTMENT .................................................................................................................................. 5
PART 2 – PREPARE THE WATER HEATER ............................................................................................................................. 5
A. REDUCED BOILER INPUT SIZING GUIDE ............................................................................................................................... 8
B. PERFORMANCE AND SIZING GUIDELINES ............................................................................................................................ 9
C. LOCATING THE WATER HEATER ............................................................................................................................................ 9
D. WATER CHEMISTRY REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................................................. 10
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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PART 3 – PIPING ...................................................................................................................................................................... 11
A. PLUMBING ............................................................................................................................................................................... 11
B. BOILER CONNECTIONS ......................................................................................................................................................... 11
C. DOMESTIC PIPING INLET ....................................................................................................................................................... 11
D. TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE................................................................................................................ 11
E. SCALDING ................................................................................................................................................................................ 12
F. POTABLE EXPANSION TANK ................................................................................................................................................. 13
G. PRESSURE DROP SIZING FOR CIRCULATOR ..................................................................................................................... 13
H. PIPING...................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
PART 4 – HEATER CONTROL AND WIRING .......................................................................................................................... 23
A. CONTROL ................................................................................................................................................................................ 23
B. WIRING..................................................................................................................................................................................... 23
C. WIRING DIAGRAMS ................................................................................................................................................................ 24
PART 5 – START-UP AND OPERATION.................................................................................................................................. 31
PART 6 – MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................................................................................... 33
HTP CUSTOMER INSTALLATION RECORD FORM...................................................................................................................... 35
PART 1 – GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION
A. PRECAUTIONS
This water heater is approved for indoor installations only, and it not intended for use as a pool heater. Clearance to combustible
materials: 0” top, bottom, sides and back. Heater must have room for service: 24” front and 6” sides are minimum recommended
service clearances. (A combustible door or removable panel is acceptable front clearance.) This water heater has been approved for
closet installation, and installation on combustible flooring. Install the water heater in a location where temperature and pressure relief
valve discharge or a leak will not result in damage to the surrounding area. If such a location is not available, install an auxiliary catch
pan.
INSTALLER – Read all instructions in this manual before installing. Perform steps in the order given.
USER – This manual is for use only by a qualified heating installer/service technician. Have this heater serviced/inspected by a
qualified service technician annually.
FAILURE TO ADHERE TO THE GUIDELINES ON THIS PAGE CAN RESULT IN SUBSTANTIAL PROPERTY DAMAGE, SEVERE
PERSONAL INJURY, OR DEATH.
NOTE: If the heater is exposed to the following, do not operate until all corrective steps have been made by a qualified serviceman:
1. FIRE
2. DAMAGE
3. WATER
Any claims for damage or shortage in shipment must be filed immediately against the transportation company by the consignee.
o
o
High heat sources (sources generating heat 100 F / 37 C or greater, such as stove pipes, space heaters, etc.) may damage plastic
components of the water heater as well as plastic vent pipe materials. Such damages ARE NOT covered by warranty. It is
recommended to keep a minimum clearance of 8” from high heat sources. Observe heat source manufacturer instructions, as well as
local, state, provincial, and national codes, laws, regulations and ordinances when installing this water heater and related components
near high heat sources.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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NOTE: OBTAIN ALL APPLICABLE PERMITS AND OBEY ALL LOCAL CODES.
NOTE: Install all system components and piping in such a manner that does not reduce the performance of any fire rated assembly.
DO NOT USE THIS WATER HEATER IF ANY PART HAS BEEN UNDERWATER. Immediately call a qualified service technician.
Any claims for damage or shortage in shipment must be filed immediately against the transportation company by the consignee.
B. WHEN SERVICING THE WATER HEATING SYSTEM


To avoid electric shock, disconnect electrical supply before performing maintenance.
To avoid severe burns, allow water heater and associated equipment to cool before servicing.
C. HEATER WATER


Do not use petroleum-based cleaning or sealing compounds in a water heating system. Gaskets and seals in the system may
be damaged. This can result in substantial property damage.
Do not use “homemade cures” or “heater patent medicines”. Damage to heater, substantial property damage, and/or serious
personal injury may result.
NOTICE FOR SINGLE-WALL HEAT EXCHANGER MODELS
Per the Uniform Plumbing Code:
Single-wall heat exchangers are permitted if they satisfy all of the following requirements:
1. The heat transfer medium is potable water or contains only substances which are recognized as safe by the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration (FDA).
2. The pressure of the heat transfer medium is maintained less than the normal minimum operating pressure of the potable water
system (steam systems must comply with this statement).
3. The equipment is permanently labeled to indicate that only additives recognized as safe by the FDA shall be used as the heat
transfer medium.
Other heat exchanger designs may be permitted where approved by the Administrative Authority.
D. FREEZE PROTECTION
NOTE: Consider piping and installation when determining heater location. Place water heater as close to the boiler as possible, in a
location not prone to freezing.
Failure of the water heater due to freeze related damage IS NOT covered by warranty.
In water heaters with single wall heat exchangers, the heat transfer fluid must be water or nontoxic food grade glycol, FDA rated
“generally recognized as safe” (GRAS) and having a toxicity rating or class of 1, as listed in Clinical Toxicology of Commercial
th
Products, 5 edition. Ensure the system is permanently labeled to indicate any additives used in the heat transfer fluid.
NEVER use any toxic chemical, including automotive, standard glycol antifreeze, or ethylene glycol made for hydronic (non-potable)
systems. These chemicals can attack gaskets and seals in water systems, are poisonous if consumed, and can cause injury or death.
E. CHEMICAL VAPOR CORROSION
NOTE: DAMAGE TO THE WATER HEATER OR RELATED COMPONENTS CAUSED BY EXPOSURE TO CORROSIVE VAPORS
IS NOT COVERED BY WARRANTY. The limited warranty is voided when failure of water tank is due to a corrosive atmosphere. (Refer
to the limited warranty for complete terms and conditions).
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
5
PRODUCTS TO AVOID
Spray cans containing fluorocarbons
Permanent wave solutions
Chlorinated waxes/cleaners
Chlorine-based swimming pool chemicals
Calcium chloride used for thawing
Sodium chloride used for water softening
Refrigerant leaks
Paint or varnish removers
Hydrochloric or Muriatic acid
Cements and glues
Antistatic fabric softeners used in clothes dryers
Chlorine-type bleaches, laundry detergents, and cleaning solvents
Adhesives used to fasten building products
Table 1 – Chemical Contaminants
AREAS LIKELY TO HAVE CONTAMINANTS
Dry cleaning/laundry areas and establishments
Swimming pools
Metal fabrication plants
Beauty shops
Refrigeration repair shops
Photo processing plants
Auto body shops
Plastic manufacturing plants
Furniture refinishing areas and establishments
New building construction
Remodeling areas
Garages and workshops
F. WATER TEMPERATURE ADJUSTMENT
o
If the water heater is going to have a set temperature above 120 F, you must use an
ASSE 1017 rated mixing valve to avoid severe burns or death from scalding
temperature.
Households with small children, disabled, or elderly persons may require a
o
120 F or lower temperature setting to prevent severe personal injury or death
due to scalding.
APPROXIMATE TIME / TEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIPS IN SCALDS
o
120 F
More than 5 minutes
o
125 F
1 ½ to 2 minutes
o
130 F
About 30 seconds
o
135 F
About 10 seconds
o
140 F
Less than 5 seconds
o
145 F
Less than 3 seconds
o
150 F
About 1 ½ seconds
o
155 F
About 1 second
Table 2
PART 2 – PREPARE THE WATER HEATER
UNCRATING HEATER – Any claims for damage or shortage in shipment must be filed immediately against the transportation company
by the consignee.
o
COLD WEATHER HANDLING – If the heater has been stored in a very cold location (BELOW 0 F) before installation, handle with care
until the plastic components come to room temperature.
Remove all sides of the shipping crate to allow the heater to be moved into its installation location.
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Figure 1 – Dimensions
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 2 - Specifications
CONTINUOUS FLOW PERFORMANCE CALCULATION
FIRST HOUR RATING – (.75 X TANK CAPACITY) = CONTINUOUS FLOW
EXAMPLE: SSU-45C = 314 – (.75 X 45) = 280.25
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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A. REDUCED BOILER INPUT SIZING GUIDE
NOTE: IT IS NOT RECOMMENDED TO REDUCE BOILER INPUT WHEN USING DOUBLE WALL TANKS.
GROSS OUT
GROSS OUT
GROSS OUT
GROSS OUT
GROSS OUT
BTU/HR
BTU/HR
BTU/HR
BTU/HR
BTU/HR
199,000
220,000
240,000
260,000
280,000
A
370
370
370
SSU-60
B
266
266
266
A
489
503
503
503
503
SSU-80
B
359
370
370
370
A
457
470
543
627
645
SSU-119
B
335
345
399
460
474
Table 3 – DESCRIBES COLD START FIRST HOUR RATINGS (A and B) AND BOILER SIZE
MODEL
GROSS OUT
BTU/HR
300,000
503
370
645
474
GROSS OUT
BTU/HR
320,000
645
474
PRODUCT LINE CONSISTS OF VARIOUS MODELS AVAILABLE IN DIFFERENT SIZES
CALL THE FACTORY FOR PRODUCT AND WARRANTY INFORMATION
“DW” (double wall heat exchanger) models are available in the 45, 60, 80, and 119 US gallon sizes.
“C” commercial models for dual systems or commercial applications; use one coil for wood boiler, the other for oil boiler; adaptable to solar systems as
well; good for hotels, motels, and apartments. Models are available in the 45, 60, 80, and 119 US gallon sizes.
DETERMINE AMOUNT OF DOMESTIC HOT WATER NEEDED. THEN USE THE CHART BELOW TO OPTIMIZE SUPERSTOR
ULTRA AND BOILER SIZING.
NOTE: FIRST DRAW AT 140oF at 90oF ΔT. (FOR PERFORMANCE AT 115oF, MULTIPLY BY 1.56 FOR MINUTES OF WATER DRAW.)
LINE A GALLONS - LOW MASS BOILERS THAT TAKE LESS THAN 90 SECONDS TO HEAT TO TEMPERATURE
LINE B GALLONS - HIGH MASS BOILERS THAT TAKE GREATER THAN 90 SECONDS TO HEAT TO TEMPERATURE
MODEL
SSU-20
SSU-30
SSU-30LB
SSU-45
SSU-45C
SSU-60
SSU-60C
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
2 GPM
9.5
8.5
16.0
14.0
18.0
17.0
23.0
18.0
∽
45.0
∽
∽
2.5 GPM
8.0
7.5
13.0
12.0
14.0
12.0
18.0
15.0
∽
24.0
∽
∽
3 GPM
7.0
6.5
10.0
9.0
12.0
10.0
14.0
13.0
∽
26.0
∽
∽
3.5 GPM
5.5
5.0
7.5
7.0
9.0
8.0
11.0
10.0
29.0
18.0
∽
∽
4 GPM
4.5
4.0
6.0
5.5
6.5
6.0
8.5
7.5
20.0
16.0
36.0
29.0
4.5 GPM
4.0
3.5
5.5
5.0
6.0
5.5
7.5
7.5
17.0
13.0
30.0
19.0
5 GPM
3.5
3.0
5.0
4.5
5.5
5.0
7.0
6.5
14.0
10.0
22.0
12.0
A
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
46.0
29.0
B
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
30.0
21.0
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
A
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
B
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
A
SSU-80C
B
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
A
SSU-119
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
B
A
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
SSU-119C
B
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
∽
Table 4 - NOTE: THIS INFORMATION IS BASED ON BOILER SIZE CONFORMING TO THE MINIMUM BTU/H REQUIRED TO
ACHIEVE FIRST HOUR RATINGS, OBTAINABLE FROM CHART ABOVE. ∽ - Indicates infinity (continuous duty).
SSU-80
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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B. PERFORMANCE AND SIZING GUIDELINES
NOTE: TABLE 5 DESCRIBES MINIMUM BTU/H REQUIRED TO ACHIEVE THE LISTED FIRST HOUR RATING.
o
MODEL
SSU-20
SSU-30
SSU-30LB
SSU-45
SSU-45C
SSU-60
SSU-60C
SSU-80
SSU-80C
SSU-119
SSU-119C
Table 5
GROSS BOILER OUTPUT
84,000
102,000
113,000
141,000
215,000
174,000
245,000
212,000
331,000
269,999
425,000
140 F
o
90 F ΔT
121
154
169
212
314
266
354
330
490
423
637
o
127 F
o
77 F ΔT
140
180
198
248
367
311
414
386
573
495
745
o
115 F
o
65 F ΔT
168
212
234
292
414
370
467
440
647
564
841
C. LOCATING THE WATER HEATER
This water heater is certified for indoor use only. DO NOT INSTALL OUTDOORS. Outdoor installations ARE NOT covered by warranty.
Choose a location for the water heater as centralized to the piping system as possible. Also, locate the water heater and domestic
water piping where it will not be exposed to freezing temperatures. All piping should be insulated. Additionally, place the water heater
so that the drain, controls, and inlets/outlets are easily accessible.
Locate the water heater where any leakage from the relief valve, related piping, tank, or connections will not result in damage to
surrounding areas or lower floors of the building. The water heater should be located near a floor drain, or installed in a drain pan. HTP
will NOT be held liable for leakage damages.
NOTE: To save on heating costs and improve energy efficiency, keep the distance between the boiler and water heater to a minimum
to reduce heat loss from excess piping and keep friction loss to a minimum. Ensure all piping between the boiler and water heater is
properly insulated to minimize heat loss.
The water heater may be located some distance from the boiler provided the circulator meets flow requirements through the coil. The
greater the distance from the water heater to the boiler, the longer the response will be to a call for domestic hot water.
This water heater must be installed vertical on a level surface.
Ensure water heater location can support the entire filled weight of the tank. Failure to properly support the tank could result in property
damage, serious personal injury, or death.
Figure 3 – Recommended Service Clearances
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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NOTE: If you do not provide the minimum clearances shown in Figure 3, it might not be possible to service the heater without removing
it from the space.
This water heater must not be located near flammable liquids such as gasoline, butane, liquefied propane, adhesives, solvents, paint
thinners, etc., as the controls of this water heater could ignite these vapors and cause an explosion, resulting in property damage,
severe personal injury, or death.
D. WATER CHEMISTRY REQUIREMENTS
Chemical imbalance of the water supply may affect efficiency and cause severe damage to the water heater and associated equipment.
HTP recommends having water quality professionally analyzed to determine whether it is necessary to install a water softener. It is
important that the water chemistry on both the domestic hot water and central heating sides are checked before installing the water
heater, as water quality will affect the reliability of the system. Failure of a water heater due to lime scale build-up, low pH, or other
chemical imbalance IS NOT covered by the warranty.
o
Operating temperatures above 135 F will further accelerate the build-up of lime scale and may shorten the service life of the water
heater. Failure of the water heater due to lime scale build-up on the heating surface, low pH, or other chemical imbalance IS NOT
covered by the warranty.
Outlined below are water quality parameters which need to be met in order for the system to operate efficiently for many years.
Water Hardness
Water hardness is mainly due to the presence of calcium and magnesium salts dissolved in water. The concentration of these salts is
expressed in mg/L, ppm, or grains per gallon as a measure of relative water hardness. Grains per gallon is the common reference
measurement used in the U.S. water heater industry. Hardness expressed as mg/L or ppm may be divided by 17.1 to convert to grains
per gallon. Water may be classified as very soft, slightly hard, moderately hard, or hard based on its hardness number. The minerals in
the water precipitate out as the water is heated and cause accelerated lime scale accumulation on a heat transfer surface. This lime
o
scale build-up may result in premature failure of the water heater. Operating temperatures above 135 F will further accelerate the buildup of lime scale and may shorten the service life of the water heater.
Water that is classified as hard and very hard must be softened to avoid water heater failure.
CLASSIFICATION
Soft
Slightly Hard
Moderately Hard
Hard
Very Hard
MG/L OR PPM
0 – 17.1
17.1 – 60
60 – 120
120 – 180
180 and over
GRAINS/GAL
0-1
1 – 3.5
3.5 – 7.0
7.0 – 10.5
10.5 and over
If the hardness of the water exceeds the maximum level of 7 grains per gallon, water should be softened to a hardness level no lower
than 5 grains per gallon. Water softened as low as 0 to 1 grain per gallon may be under-saturated with respect to calcium carbonate,
resulting in water that is aggressive and corrosive.
pH of Water
pH is a measure of relative acidity, neutrality or alkalinity. Dissolved minerals and gases affect water pH. The pH scale ranges from 0 to
14. Water with a pH of 7 is considered neutral. Water with a pH lower than 7 is considered acidic. Water pH higher than 7 is considered
alkaline. A neutral pH (around 7) is desirable for most potable water applications. Corrosion damage and tank failures resulting
from water pH levels of lower than 6 or higher than 8 ARE NOT covered by the warranty. The ideal pH range for water used in a
water heater is 7.2 to 7.8.
Total Dissolved Solids
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) is a measurement of all minerals and solids dissolved in a water sample. The concentration of total
dissolved solids is usually expressed in parts per million (ppm).
Water with a high TDS concentration will greatly accelerate lime and scale formation in the hot water system. Most high TDS
concentrations precipitate out of the water when heated. This can generate a scale accumulation that will greatly reduce the service life
of a water heater.
The manufacturer of the water heater has no control over water quality, especially TDS levels in your system. Total dissolved solids in
excess of 2,000 ppm will accelerate lime and scale formation on the element or heat exchanger. Water heater failure due to total
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
11
dissolved solids in excess of 2,000 ppm is a non-warrantable condition. Failure of a water heater due to lime scale build up IS NOT
covered by the warranty.
Hardness: 7 grains
Chloride levels: 100 ppm
pH levels: 6-8
TDS: 2000 ppm
Sodium: 20 mGL
PART 3 – PIPING
A. PLUMBING
It is mandatory that all plumbing be done in accordance with federal, local, and state plumbing codes and practices. Failure to properly
install the water heater WILL VOID the warranty. It is also necessary to use both thread tape and pipe dope on all mechanical plumbing
connections.
When filling the water heater, open a hot water tap to release air in the tank and piping. Failure to do so could lead to improper water
heater operation.
B. BOILER CONNECTIONS
Use two wrenches when tightening water piping at heater. Use one wrench to prevent the heater return or supply line from turning.
Failure to prevent piping connections from turning could cause damage to heater components.
Use a 1” nominal minimum pipe size when piping with zone valves or circulators.
On the water heater, the boiler supply connects to the outlet of the circulator. The circulator inlet is to be connected to the hot outlet side
of the boiler. Be sure that the arrow on the circulator is facing the correct flow direction. (See pressure drop sizing for circulator, this
manual.) On the tank, the boiler return is to be connected to the return side of the boiler. The return(s) from heating loop(s) should have
a flow check or swing check valve installed before the return pipe from the tank.
In a steam boiler, the tank supply must be connected to the boiler well below the minimum water level. A strainer and drain valve should
be installed at the boiler for periodic draining of scale and sludge. Banging and steam bound traps will occur if the boiler water supplied
to the heat exchanger has steam or is slightly above the low water cut off.
NOTE: It is possible to use live steam in the heat exchanger of the SuperStor Ultra 80 and 119 residential and commercial models
ONLY. Using any other Superstor Ultra model in live steam applications will result in product failure and VOID the warranty.
Never use dielectric fittings or galvanized steel fittings on any domestic water connections. Use only copper or brass fittings. Failure to
follow this caution will result in premature heater failure. Such failure is NOT covered by warranty.
C. DOMESTIC PIPING INLET
Use both thread tape and pipe dope to connect an NPT brass tee. On the run, install a brass drain valve. In the branch, install an NPT
male X ¾” (minimum) pipe adapter. A shut off valve between the city water supply and tank inlet is recommended for ease of service.
It may be recommended to use a back flow preventer – check local codes. If a back flow preventer or a no return valve is used, a
thermal expansion tank must be installed on the cold water supply between the tank and valve. If the tank is replacing a tankless coil in
the boiler, disconnect coil plumbing and use the cold inlet pipe and hot water outlet pipes for the water heater.
D. TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
On SSU-80 and SSU-119 residential and all commercial models, a ¾” temperature and pressure (T&P) port and relief valve are
provided. On all other models, an appropriate T&P valve must be supplied and installed as described in Figure 4.
Use both thread tape and pipe dope to install an NPT brass T&P relief valve for hot water storage tanks, as required by local codes, but
not less than valves certified as meeting the requirements for relief valves for hot water heaters (ANSI Z21.22 and CAN1-4.4) by a
nationally recognized lab that maintains periodic inspection of production listed equipment. Make sure the relief valve is sized to the
BTU/Hour capacity and storage capacity of the water heater. The T&P relief valve must be plumbed down so discharge can exit at least
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
12
6” above the structural floor. The relief line cannot be in contact with any live electrical parts. If the relief valve constantly weeps, install
an expansion tank, and see expansion tank manufacturer’s instructions for suggestions.
Do not thread a cap or plug into the relief valve under any circumstances! Explosion and property damage, serious injury, or death may
result.
To avoid water damage or scalding due to relief valve operation:

Discharge line must be connected to relief valve outlet and run to a safe place of disposal. Terminate the discharge line in a
manner that will prevent possibility of severe burns or property damage should the relief valve discharge.

Discharge line must be as short as possible and the same size as the valve discharge connection throughout its entire length.

Discharge line must pitch downward from the valve and terminate at least 6” above the floor drain, making discharge clearly
visible.
o

The discharge line shall terminate plain, not threaded, with a material serviceable for temperatures of 375 F or greater.

Do not pipe discharge to any location where freezing could occur.

No valve may be installed between the relief valve and heater or in the discharge line. Do not plug or place any obstruction in
the discharge line.

Test the operation of the relief valve after filling and pressurizing the system by lifting the lever. Make sure the valve
discharges freely. If the valve fails to operate correctly, immediately replace with a new properly rated relief valve.

Test T&P valve at least once annually to ensure the waterway is clear. If valve does not operate, turn the heater “off” and call
a plumber immediately.

Take care whenever operating relief valve to avoid scalding injury or property damage.
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THE ABOVE GUIDELINES COULD RESULT IN FAILURE OF RELIEF VALVE OPERATION,
RESULTING IN POSSIBILITY OF SUBSTANTIAL PROPERTY DAMAGE, SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY, OR DEATH.
RE-INSPECTION OF T&P RELIEF VALVES: T&P valves should be inspected AT LEAST ONCE EVERY THREE YEARS, and
replaced, if necessary, by a licensed plumbing contractor or qualified service technician, to ensure that the product has not been
affected by corrosive water conditions and to ensure that the valve and discharge line have not been altered or tampered with illegally.
Certain naturally occurring conditions may corrode the valve and its components over time, rendering the valve inoperative. Such
conditions can only be detected if the valve and its components are physically removed and inspected. Do not attempt to conduct an
inspection on your own. Contact your plumbing contractor for a re-inspection to assure continued safety.
FAILURE TO RE-INSPECT THIS VALVE AS DIRECTED COULD RESULT IN UNSAFE TEMPERATURE AND/OR PRESSURE
BUILDUP WHICH CAN RESULT IN SEVERE PROPERTY DAMAGE, SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY, OR DEATH.
E. SCALDING
An ASSE 1017 or ASSE 1070 temperature limiting or mixing valve is recommended in installations servicing disabled or elderly
persons, or children. Mixing valves do not eliminate the risk of scalding.
To avoid scalding:

Set the water heater set point temperature as low as possible.

Feel water before bathing or showering.

If thermostatic valves are required, use devices specifically designed for such purpose. Install these devices in accordance
with instructions provided by the manufacturer.
Failure to install a temperature limiting or mixing valve and follow these instructions could result in property damage, or severe personal
injury or death due to scalds.
This water heater can deliver scalding water. Be careful
whenever using hot water to avoid scalding injury.
Certain appliances, such as dishwashers and automatic
clothes washers may require increased water
temperature. By setting the thermostat on this heater to
obtain the increased water temperature required by
these appliances, you may create the potential for scald
injury.
To protect against injury, you should install a mixing
valve in the water system. This valve will reduce point of
APPROXIMATE TIME / TEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIPS IN SCALDS
o
120 F
More than 5 minutes
o
125 F
1 ½ to 2 minutes
o
130 F
About 30 seconds
o
135 F
About 10 seconds
o
140 F
Less than 5 seconds
o
145 F
Less than 3 seconds
o
150 F
About 1 ½ seconds
o
155 F
About 1 second
Table 6
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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discharge temperature by mixing cold and hot water in branch supply lines. Such valves are available from your local plumbing supplier.
Table 6 details the relationship of water temperature and time with regard to scald injury and may be used as a guide in determining the
safest water temperature for your applications.
F. POTABLE EXPANSION TANK
A potable hot water expansion tank may be required to offset heated water expansion. If there is a back flow preventer or any other
type of no return or check valve on the system, a thermal expansion tank is mandatory. The expansion tank must be sized for the entire
water volume of the hot water system. A weeping relief valve indicates the need for an expansion tank. See Typical Expansion Tank
installation, Fig. 4, for more details.
G. PRESSURE DROP SIZING FOR CIRCULATOR
The boiler circulator flow rate must meet the requirements found in Figure 1 or the published ratings cannot be achieved. The flow chart
below represents the pipe run, water heater, and heat exchanger ONLY and does not include any flow checks, zone valves, or friction
loss through the boiler. That resistance must be added to the value found in the chart below.
o
PIPE SIZE
6 GPM
7 GPM
10 GPM
12 GPM
14 GPM
14 GPM
PIPE SIZE
20 GPM
22 GPM
24 GPM
28 GPM
Table 7
PRESSURE DROP FOR PIPE LENGTH OF 1” COPPER, SIX 90 ELBOWS, AND ONE TEE
20’
30’
40’
50’
8.63
8.93
9.23
9.53
11.3
11.77
12.24
12.7
10.25
11.1
11.95
12.8
11.3
13.2
14.1
15
15.3
16.4
17.5
18.6
15.3
16.4
17.5
18.6
o
PRESSURE DROP FOR PIPE LENGTH OF 1 ¼” COPPER, TEN 90 ELBOWS, AND TWO TEES
20’
30’
40’
50’
10.9
11.7
12.6
13.4
14
15
16
17
16.2
17.5
18.8
20.1
20.4
22
23.6
25.2
60’
9.8
13.1
13.66
16
19.8
19.8
60’
14.3
18
21.5
26.8
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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H. PIPING
NOTES:
1. Minimum pipe size should match
connection size. Upsize pipe accordingly
if greater flow is required.
2. A thermal expansion tank suitable for
potable water must be sized and installed
within this piping system between the
backflow preventer and the cold water
inlet.
3. All circulators should have an integral
flow check.
4. Drains and check valve between unit
and storage tank will assist in purging air
from system.
5. This drawing is meant to demonstrate
system piping only. The installer is
responsible for all equipment and
detailing required by local codes. In
Massachusetts, you must install a
vacuum relief valve per 248 CMR.
6. Mixing valve application is optional,
but recommended to help prevent
scalding. See Part 3, Section E for more
information.
Figure 4 - Typical Mixing Valve Installation
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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NOTES:
1. Minimum pipe size should match
connection size. Upsize pipe accordingly if
greater flow is required.
2. A thermal expansion tank suitable for
potable water must be sized and installed
within this piping system between the
backflow preventer and the cold water inlet.
3. All circulators should have an integral flow
check.
4. Drains and check valve between unit and
storage tank will assist in purging air from
system.
5. This drawing is meant to demonstrate
system piping only. The installer is
responsible for all equipment and detailing
required by local codes. In Massachusetts,
you must install a vacuum relief valve per 248
CMR.
6. Mixing valve application is optional, but
recommended to help prevent scalding. See
Part 3, Section E for more information.
Figure 5 – Typical Expansion Tank Application
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 6 – Zoning with Zone Valves
NOTES:
1. Minimum pipe size should match connection size. Upsize pipe accordingly if greater flow is required.
2. A thermal expansion tank suitable for potable water must be sized and installed within this piping system between the backflow
preventer and the cold water inlet.
3. All circulators should have an integral flow check.
4. Drains and check valve between unit and storage tank will assist in purging air from system.
5. This drawing is meant to demonstrate system piping only. The installer is responsible for all equipment and detailing required by local
codes. In Massachusetts, you must install a vacuum relief valve per 248 CMR.
6. Mixing valve application is optional, but recommended to help prevent scalding. See Part 3, Section E for more information.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 7 – Zoning with Circulators
NOTES:
1. Minimum pipe size should match connection size. Upsize pipe accordingly if greater flow is required.
2. A thermal expansion tank suitable for potable water must be sized and installed within this piping system between the backflow
preventer and the cold water inlet.
3. All circulators should have an integral flow check.
4. Drains and check valve between unit and storage tank will assist in purging air from system.
5. This drawing is meant to demonstrate system piping only. The installer is responsible for all equipment and detailing required by local
codes. In Massachusetts, you must install a vacuum relief valve per 248 CMR.
6. Mixing valve application is optional, but recommended to help prevent scalding. See Part 3, Section E for more information.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 8 – Typical Installation with Storage Tank
NOTES:
1. Minimum pipe size should match connection size. Upsize pipe accordingly if greater flow is required.
2. A thermal expansion tank suitable for potable water must be sized and installed within this piping system between the backflow
preventer and the cold water inlet.
3. All circulators should have an integral flow check.
4. Drains and check valve between unit and storage tank will assist in purging air from system.
5. This drawing is meant to demonstrate system piping only. The installer is responsible for all equipment and detailing required by local
codes. In Massachusetts, you must install a vacuum relief valve per 248 CMR.
6. Mixing valve application is optional, but recommended to help prevent scalding. See Part 3, Section E for more information.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 9 – Typical Installation with High Efficiency Boiler
NOTES:
1. Minimum pipe size should match connection size. Upsize pipe accordingly if greater flow is required.
2. A thermal expansion tank suitable for potable water must be sized and installed within this piping system between the backflow
preventer and the cold water inlet.
3. All circulators should have an integral flow check.
4. Drains and check valve between unit and storage tank will assist in purging air from system.
5. This drawing is meant to demonstrate system piping only. The installer is responsible for all equipment and detailing required by local
codes. In Massachusetts, you must install a vacuum relief valve per 248 CMR.
6. Mixing valve application is optional, but recommended to help prevent scalding. See Part 3, Section E for more information.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 10 – Typical Dual Purpose Application w/ Wood Boiler
Figure 11 – Typical Dual Purpose Application
NOTES:
1. Minimum pipe size should match connection size. Upsize pipe accordingly if greater flow is required.
2. A thermal expansion tank suitable for potable water must be sized and installed within this piping system between the backflow preventer and the cold
water inlet.
3. All circulators should have an integral flow check.
4. Drains and check valve between unit and storage tank will assist in purging air from system.
5. This drawing is meant to demonstrate system piping only. The installer is responsible for all equipment and detailing required by local codes. In
Massachusetts, you must install a vacuum relief valve per 248 CMR.
6. Mixing valve application is optional, but recommended to help prevent scalding. See Part 3, Section E for more information.
7. On multiple source applications, use a Honeywell L4081-A-1148, which has (2) limit settings. This allows the wood stove to operate on the tank high
setting, and the tank low limit setting for conventional boiler back-up.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 12 – Dual Purpose Application with Wood Stove
Figure 13 – Dual Purpose Application with Solar Panel
NOTES:
1. Minimum pipe size should match connection size. Upsize pipe accordingly if greater flow is required.
2. A thermal expansion tank suitable for potable water must be sized and installed within this piping system between the backflow preventer and the cold
water inlet.
3. All circulators should have an integral flow check.
4. Drains and check valve between unit and storage tank will assist in purging air from system.
5. This drawing is meant to demonstrate system piping only. The installer is responsible for all equipment and detailing required by local codes. In
Massachusetts, you must install a vacuum relief valve per 248 CMR.
6. Mixing valve application is optional, but recommended to help prevent scalding. See Part 3, Section E for more information.
7. On multiple source applications, use a Honeywell L4081-A-1148, which has (2) limit settings. This allows the wood stove to operate on the tank high
setting, and the tank low limit setting for conventional boiler back-up.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 14 – Typical Steam Boiler - NOTE: On Typical Steam Boiler applications, the SSU indirect heat exchanger supply and return
connections must be below the water line from the boiler connection. The internal flow check or spring check must be used to avoid thermal
siphoning from the connected boiler. A basket strainer should also be used to avoid sludge and sediment getting into the pump or heat
exchanger.
Figure 15 – Live Steam Installation - NOTE: Live Steam Installations are allowed with 80 and 119 gallon SSU/SSU-C models ONLY.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 16 – Typical Multiple Tank Installation
NOTES:
1. Minimum pipe size should match connection size. Upsize pipe accordingly if greater flow is required.
2. A thermal expansion tank suitable for potable water must be sized and installed within this piping system between the backflow preventer and the cold
water inlet.
3. All circulators should have an integral flow check.
4. Drains and check valve between unit and storage tank will assist in purging air from system.
5. This drawing is meant to demonstrate system piping only. The installer is responsible for all equipment and detailing required by local codes. In
Massachusetts, you must install a vacuum relief valve per 248 CMR.
6. Mixing valve application is optional, but recommended to help prevent scalding. See Part 3, Section E for more information.
7. All piping in parallel used for large dumps of hot water, high usage, short duration.
8. Massachusetts requires a limit of (4) tanks per mechanical room. Consult with your local inspector.
PART 4 – HEATER CONTROL AND WIRING
A. CONTROL
Install control element into well and tighten in place with screws on control body. Thermal conductive paste is recommended. Once the
control is operational, it is very important to make sure the control is maintaining the desired operating temperature.
B. WIRING
Wiring is to be done in accordance with all applicable local and state codes. Turn off all power related to the boiler starting and wiring
procedures. It is recommended that a disconnect switch be installed between the boiler control and water heater.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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When wiring the water heater and controls, be sure to label all wires for ease of future maintenance. Wiring errors can cause improper
and dangerous operation.
C. WIRING DIAGRAMS
Figure 17 – Wiring with Circulators
Figure 18 – Wiring with Zone Valves
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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ZONING WITH CIRCULATORS – 4845 RELAY
Figure 19 – Zoning with Circulators – 4845 Relay
ZONING WITH CIRCULATORS USING R8182D AND DPST – NO RELAY REQUIRED
Figure 20 – Zoning With Circulators Using R8182D and DPST – No Relay Required
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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ZONING WITH CIRCULATORS USING L8124 A, C, AND R845A RELAY
Figure 21 – Zoning with Circulators Using L8124 A, C, and R845A Relay
ZONING WITH CIRCULATORS USING L8124 E, F, AND DPST CONTROL – NO RELAY REQUIRED
Figure 22 – Zoning with Circulators Using L8124 E, F, and DPST Control – No Relay Required
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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ZONING WITH CIRCULATORS – R182D AND R845A RELAY
Figure 23 – Zoning with Circulators – R182D and R845A Relay
CONTROL WITH BUILT-IN DPST SWITCH – NO RELAY REQUIRED
Figure 24 – Control with Built-In DPST Switch – No Relay Required
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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ZONING WITH CIRCULATORS USING L8124 A, C, AND R845A RELAY
Figure 25 – Zoning with Circulators Using L8124 A, C, and R845A Relay
ZONING WITH CIRCULATORS USING L8124 A, C, AND DPST – NO RELAY REQUIRED
Figure 26 – Zoning with Circulators Using L8124 A, C, and DPST – No Relay Required
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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USING L8148A OR L8152A COLD START BOILER CONTROL WITH CIRCULATORS
Figure 27 – Using L8148A or L8152A Cold Start Boiler Control with Circulators
PRIORITY ZONE WITH CIRCULATORS
Figure 28 – Priority Zone with Circulators
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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USING L8148A OR L8152A COLD START BOILER CONTROL WITH ZONE VALVES
Figure 29 – Using L8148A or L8152A Cold Start Boiler Control with Zone Valves
PRIORITY ZONE WITH ZONE VALVES
Figure 30 – Priority Zone with Zone Valves
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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PART 5 – START-UP AND OPERATION
1. Fill the water heater by opening the cold water shut-off valve. Purge air from the system by opening a hot water outlet at a fixture in a
kitchen or bathroom. When water flows freely from the outlet, the system is purged.
2. Check the system for leaks.
Fix any leaks before continuing the installation. Any leaks can result in serious property damage and personal injury.
3. After ensuring there are no leaks within the system, flush the system to clear any
soldering residue. Many soldering fluxes contain Zinc Chloride, which can corrode
stainless steel.
Draw at least three times the volume of the water heater to properly flush the system.
4. Initiate a call for hot water. Ensure each zone valve or circulator operates only when
its thermostat calls for heat. Purge each zone of air to ensure proper operation.
5. Set the water heater to the desired temperature. Boiler high limit should be set at least
o
20 F higher than the heater temperature. Set the low limit of the boiler control at the
minimum setting – this will call the burner on only to satisfy the tank control.
o
We recommend a water heater temperature setting of 120 F. However, a lower
temperature setting may be required to comply with local and state codes for normal
o
o
operation. The differential should be set at 10 to 15 F. You may prefer a setting of either
higher or lower water temperature. A mixing valve in conjunction with a high temperature
setting may be used for high demand applications (spas, hot tubs, whirlpools).
6. When the system is completely flushed, purged of air, and the temperature is set, turn
on the boiler. Observe operation. Ensure the boiler shuts down after the indirect water
heater set point is satisfied.
If draining of the heater is necessary, open the temperature and pressure valve or a
hot water tap to prevent vacuum buildup in the tank and piping.
Risk of scald injury increases as you increase water temperature.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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Figure 31 –Parts
MODEL
SSU-20
SSU-30
SSU-30LB
SSU-45
SSU-60
SSU-80
SSU-119
#1 – T&P RELIEF VALVE
TP1500 (Not Included)
TP1500 (Not Included)
TP1500 (Not Included)
TP1500 (Not Included)
TP1500 (Not Included)
TP1400 (Included)
TP1400 (Included)
#2 – CONTROL WELL
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
SSU-45C
SSU-60C
SSU-80C
SSU-119C
TP1400 (Included)
TP1400 (Included)
TP1400 (Included)
TP1400 (Included)
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
TP1500 (Not Included)
TP1500 (Not Included)
TP1500 (Not Included)
TP1500 (Not Included)
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
PMW-3SENP-1
SSU-45DW
SSU-60DW
SSU-80DW
SSU-119DW
Table 8 – Replacement Parts
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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PART 6 – MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING
Periodic maintenance should be performed by a qualified service technician to assure that all the equipment is operating safely and
efficiently. The owner should make necessary arrangements with a qualified heating contractor for periodic maintenance of the heater.
Installer must also inform the owner that the lack of proper care and maintenance of the heater may result in a hazardous condition.
INSPECTION ACTIVITIES
PIPING
Near heater piping
SYSTEM
Visual
Functional
Temperatures
DATE LAST COMPLETED
1st YEAR
2nd YEAR
3rd YEAR
4th YEAR*
Check heater and system piping for any sign of leakage; make
sure pipes are properly supported.
Do a full visual inspection of all system components. Ensure
all components (including boilers, water treatment systems,
mixing valves, circulators, etc.) are operating properly and
have been maintained.
Test all functions of the system. Perform any maintenance
required by local codes. Verify system pressure is in the safe
operating range.
Check control for temperature accuracy.
*In installed in system - verify safe settings on Mixing Valve.
ELECTRICAL
Smoke and CO
detector
Circuit Breakers
*Verify devices are installed and working properly. Change
batteries if necessary.
Check to see that the circuit breaker is clearly labeled.
Exercise circuit breaker.
Connections
Check wire connections. Make sure they are tight.
RELIEF AND DRAIN VALVE
Relief Valve
Lift and release the relief valve on the water heater. Make
certain that the valve operates properly by allowing several
gallons to flush through the discharge line. Replace if valve is
blocked or does not operate properly.
NOTE: DISCHARGED WATER MAY PRESENT A SCALD
RISK. TAKE CAUTION WHEN OPERATING RELIEF
VALVE.
Drain Valve
Open the drain valve and drain a few quarts of water from the
bottom of the tank to flush any hard water deposits. Replace if
valve is blocked or does not operate properly.
NOTE: DRAINED WATER MAY PRESENT A SCALD RISK.
TAKE CAUTION WHEN OPERATING DRAIN VALVE.
FINAL INSPECTION
Check for combustible
Check area around heater for combustible materials, such as
materials
gasoline or paint thinner. If combustible materials are found,
move away from the heater to a safe location.
Check list
Verify that you have completed entire check list. WARNING:
FAILURE TO DO SO COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY
OR DEATH
Homeowner
Review what you have done with the homeowner.
INITIAL AND DATE AFTER INSPECTION/SERVICE. CONTINUE INSPECTIONS ON
ANNUALLY BEYOND THE FOURTH YEAR.
Table 9 - *If applicable to system.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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TROUBLESHOOTING
NO HOT WATER
PROBLEM
Zone valve not opening
Circulator not operating
Tank control set too low
Boiler control set too low
Wiring incorrect
Tank control failure
Zone valve failure
Circulator failure
Air trap in loop
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
Open manually to replace.
Check or replace
Raise tank temperature* (SEE NOTE BELOW)
Raise boiler temperature
Recheck wiring
Replace control
Replace valve
Replace circulator
Purge air
NOT ENOUGH HOT WATER
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
Zone valve restriction
1” full bore replace zone valve
Circulator arrow reversed
Reverse circulator
Tank temperature too low
Raise tank temperature* (SEE NOTE BELOW)
Boiler temperature too low
Raise boiler temperature
Boiler sized too small
Check sizing chart
Tank sized too small
Check sizing chart
Demand flow rate too high
Install mixing valve, raise tank temperature*
Purge to remove air
Air trap in loop
Install flow regulator
Recheck wiring or set indirect as priority over central heating.
Heat and tank come on together
Draw tank down and lower thermostat. Recheck.
Not enough space heat
Boiler sized too small. Consult chart.
Slow recovery
Circulator head capacity too low
T & P VALVE DISCHARGES
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
Tank temperature too high
Lower temperature on tank
Water expands when heated
Install expansion tank
Water pressure too high
Install pressure reducing valve
HOT TUBS, SPAS, MULTIPLE SHOWERS, HIGH DEMAND
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE SOLUTION
Pressure too low
Check line pressure for restriction
Recovery of tank slow
Slow startup boiler. See chart.
Boiler sized too small. See chart.
Check flow rate and compare to chart
Not enough hot water
Demand too great. Check flow rates and compare to chart. Install
mixing valve and/or flow restricting valve and raise tank and boiler
temperature*.
Table 10 - *See scald warning below.
When raising tank temperature, the risk of scald injury increases. To avoid scald injury, use a water tempering or mixing valve and
extreme caution when using hot water. Consult codes for conformance.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14
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HTP CUSTOMER INSTALLATION RECORD FORM
The following form should be completed by the installer for you to keep as a record of the installation in case of a warranty claim. After
reading the important notes at the bottom of the page, please also sign this document.
Customer’s Name:
Installation Address:
Date of Installation:
Installer’s Code/Name:
Product Serial Number(s):
Comments:
Installer’s Phone Number:
Signed by Installer:
Signed by Customer:
IMPORTANT:
Customer: Please only sign after the installer has reviewed the installation, safety, proper operation, and maintenance of the
system. In the case that the system has any problems, please call the installer. If you are unable to make contact, please
contact your HTP Sales Representative.
Distributor/Dealer: Please insert contact details.
LP-83 Rev. 8.14.14