Dometic RM2150 Series Service manual

Foreword
This service manual is the result of the
dedication of The Dometic Corporation and
its engineers in giving service people the
necessary instruction for making accurate
analyses of certain conditions. Provided is
a diagnostic chart leading a qualified
mechanic into the service manual pages to
locate and solve symptoms which may
occur. Dometic has continued its
commitment in providing service people
with this, the most up-to-date information
about servicing Dometic RV accessories.
OS1
698 5/94
Diagnostic Service Manuals
CONTENTS
PAGE NO.
RM2150,2190,2201 SERIES DIAGNOSTIC FLOW CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
SECTION 1
OPERATION
1 .1 RM2150 Operation ........................................................................ 3
1.2 RM2190 Operation ........................................................................ 4
1.3 RM2201 Operation ....................................................................... 5
SECTION 2
AC VOLTAGE
AC VOLTAGE REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
SECTION 3
AC COMPONENTS
Heating Element (RM2201) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3.
SECTION 4
DC VOLTAGE
DC VOLTAGE REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
SECTION 5
DC COMPONENTS
5.1 Switch ............................................................................................
5.2 Piezo igniter ...................................................................................
5.3 Electrode .......................................................................................
5.4 Heating Element ............................................................................
5.5 Thermostat (RM2201) ..................................................................
:
t
7
SECTION 6
LP GAS
LP GAS REQUIREMENTS ,....................................................................
7
SECTION 7
LP GAS COMPONENTS
7
Shut-Off Valve ..............................................................................
7.1
7
7.2 Filter ...............................................................................................
7.3 Thermostat ....................................................................................
7.4 Safety Valve .................................................................................. t
............................................................................................................................................................................ t
7.5 Thermocouple
7.6 Burner
7.7 Flue Baffle .....................................................................................
7.8 Crossover Tube ............................................................................. !z
7.9 Flue Tube ......................................................................................
x
7.10 Orifice ............................................................................................
SECTION 8
WIRING
8.1 External Wiring .............................................................................. 9
8.2 Internal Wiring .............................................................................. 9
SECTION 9
OTHER
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
Leveling .......................................................................................
Ventilation ....................................................................................
Air Leaks.. ....................................................................................
Door Position ...............................................................................
Ambient Temperature ..................................................................
Coolin Unit .................................................................................
Food !ztora e ...............................................................................
High Humi d ityy ..............................................................................
Interior Liner Seal to Frame.. .......................................................
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
This program will address the most common system problems associated with the RM2150/2190/2201 Manual
Refrigerators supplied by The Dometic Corporation. Our intent is to provide you with a guideline of checks to make,
should you encounter one of the following symptoms.
REFER
SYMPTOM
1. No AC operation, (RM2201)
CAUSE
SECTION
Operation
AC Volts
Heating Element
Thermostat
Switch
Wiring
1.3
2
3
5.5
5.1
8.2
Operation
Piezo Igniter
Electrode
Switch
Wiring
1.1,1.2,1.3
5.2
5.3
5.1
8.2
3. No gas operation - sparks but no flame.
Operation
LP gas
Filter
Orifice
Burner
Shut-off Valve
Safety Valve
Thermocouple
1.1,1.2,1.3
6
7.2
7.10
7.6
7.1
7.4
7.5
4. No cooling on any mode.
Operation
Ventilation
Level
Ambient Temperature
Cooling Unit
1 .1 ,1.2,1.3
9.2
9.1
9.5
9.6
5.
LP Gas
Thermostat
Filter
Orifice
Burner
Flue Baffle
Flue Tube
6
7.3
7.2
7.10
7.6
7.7
7.9
AC Volts
Heating Element
Thermostat
Switch
Wiring
2
3
5.5
5.1
8.2
Operation
Level
Ventilation
Ambient Temperature
Air Leaks
Thermostat
Thermostat (RM2201)
Cooling Unit
1.1,1.2,1.3
9.1
9.2
9.5
9.3
7.3
5.5
9.6
2.
No gas operation - no spark.
No cooling on gas - cools properly on other
mode(s).
6. No cooling on AC - cools properly on other
mode(s). (RM2201)
7.
Insufficient cooling on all modes.
STEP
B
A or B
A or B
REFER
SYMPTOM
SECTION
8.
Insufficient cooling on AC - cools
properly on other mode(s). (RM2201)
AC Volts
Heating Element
Thermostat
2
3
5.5
9.
Insufficient cooling on gas.
Cools properly on other mode(s).
LP Gas Pressure
Thermostat
Filter
Orifice
Burner
Flue Baffle
Flue Tube
6
7.3
7.2
7.10
7.6
7.7
7.9
10.
Won’t stay lit on gas.
LP Gas
Safety Valve
Thermocouple
Flue Baffle
Crossover Tube
Orifice
Burner
6
7.4
7.5
7.7
7.8
7.10
7.6
11.
No DC operation - cools properly on
other mode(s).
DC Volts
Heating Element
Switch
Wiring
4
5.4
5.1
8.2
DC Volts
Heating Element
4
5.4
12.
2
CAUSE
Insufficient cooling on DC- cools properly
on other mode(s).
STEP
A or B
SECTION 1
1 .1 RM2150 OPERATION
A. GAS OPERATION
1) Set 12 volt switch to “OFF”.
2) Turn gas handle to left (so that handle is in
3)
4)
5)
6)
line with gas valve body).
Turn gas thermostat knob to #4 setting.
Press gas safety valve plunger up and hold.
Push piezo igniter plunger in repeatedly until
flame is observed at “6”.
When flame is lit:
1) Discontinue pushing the piezo plunger.
2) BUT continue to hold up on the safety
valve plunger for about 15 seconds.
3) If flame goes out when plunger is released, repeat Steps 4 through 6.
TO SHUT GAS OPERATION OFF:
Turn handle (8) of the gas valve (5) away from
the back of the cabinet.
The refrigerator has a flame failure device which
will automatically shut off the gas to the burner if
the flame is blown out. While plunger (10) is
being held in, this device is temporarily inoperative.
DANGER - DO NOT hold this plunger in
unless attempting to light the gas burner.
B. ELECTRIC OPERATION
The refrigerator may be operated on 12 volt DC
only.
To start electric operation:
1) Turn gas valve to “OFF” position - handle
pointed away from cabinet.
2) Switch the 12 volt DC toggle switch up to
“ON” position.
3) Turn the electric thermostat knob to #4.
C. REGULATION OF TEMPERATURE
With thermostat knob set at either # 3 or #4, the
cabinet will automatically maintain a suitable
temperature for ordinary food. Usually, no further
adjustment will be needed, but in hot weather, or
when more cooling is required, the knob may be
turned to a higher number. If less cooling is
required, turn the knob to a lower number.
3
1.2 RM2190 OPERATION
Gas
Inlet
Conn
NOTE: If the gas has to be re-lit when the evaporator is still cold, the thermostat knob (8) must
first be turned to MAX and returned to its normal
setting only after the burner is lit. The refrigerator
has a flame failure device which will automatically
shut off the gas to the burner if the flame is blown
out. While the plunger (C) is being held in, this
device is temporarily inoperative.
TO SHUT DOWN: Turn the handle of the gas valve (A)
away from the cabinet.
B. 12 VOLT ELECTRIC OPERATION
Before taking the vehicle on any road, turn off the gas
cock (A) and, if required, use 12 volts to operate the
cooling unit.
Whenever possible, the cabinet should be pre-cooled,
together with its contents, by starting up and running the
refrigerator on gas for several hours or overnight, before
switching to 12 volt and starting on a trip.
The 12 volt heating element is rated at 95 watts and has
a current consumption of 8 amps; therefore, the refrigerator should not be left operating on 12 volt when the
engine in NOT running and charging the battery.
NOTE: The gas and electric controls are located at the
rear of the refrigerator and are accessible through the
lower vent in the wall of the vehicle. The gas valve and
12 volt toggle switch are interlocked to prevent simultaneous operation by gas and electricity.
A. GAS OPERATION
1) Open the lower vent at the rear of the refrigerator, on the outside of the vehicle, and set the 12
volt toggle switch (E) to “OFF”. Turn on the gas
valve (A) so that its handle (D) is in line with the
gas valve body.
Turn
the gas thermostat knob (B) to setting #4.
2)
Push
in the plunger (C) of the flame failure device
3)
for about 5 seconds to clear air from the lines.
(When starting initially or after changing a gas
bottle, it may be necessary to depress the
plunger longer to clear all the air from the lines).
Still pressing in the plunger (C), push in fully
button (F) of the piezo igniter, several times in
quick succession. (A click should be heard each
time it is depressed). The burner should light, but
continue to press in the plunger (C) for 15 seconds, then release it and check that the burner is
lit by looking at the flame through the opening
(G). If the burner has not lit, repeat the lighting
procedure.
The evaporator should show signs of cooling
after about an hour.
4
If an automatic cutout relay has not been installed, the
refrigerator should be switched to “OFF” at the toggle
switch soon after the engine is switched off, otherwise
the battery may become discharged.
12 volt operation is not thermostatically controlled but
overcooling is unlikely to occur because this mode of
operation is used only for a few hours at a time.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPERATE THE REFRIGERATOR BY BOTH GAS AND ELECTRICITY AT THE
SAME TIME. ALWAYS ENSURE THAT ONE METHOD
OF OPERATION IS TURNED OFF BEFORE USING
THE ALTERNATIVE.
C. TEMPERATURE REGULATION (Gas Operation)
With the thermostat knob set at #3 or #4, suitable
temperatures will be obtained for the storage of fresh
foods and liquids under average conditions of use.
Usually, no further adjustments will be required, but, in
hot weather, or when more cooling is desired, the knob
should be turned to a higher setting (the higher the
number-the lower [colder] the temperature).
If less cooling is required, turn the thermostat knob to a
lower number.
1.3 RM2201 OPERATION
A. GAS OPERATION
1) Rotate selector to “OFF” position.
2) Turn gas handle to the left.
3) Turn gas thermostat knob to #4 setting.
4) Press gas safety valve plunger up and hold.
5) Push piezo igniter plunger repeatedly until
flame is observed at “6”.
6) When flame is lit:
a. Discontinue pushing the piezo plunger.
b. BUT continue to hold up on the safety
valve plunger for about 15 seconds.
c. If flame goes out when plunger is released, repeat Steps 4 through 6.
Turn the handle (8) of the gas valve (7) away
from the back of the cabinet to shut off gas
operation.
NOTE: The ice tray shelf should now show signs
of cooling after an hour. If the gas has to be re-lit
when the ice making compartment is still cold,
turn the thermostat dial (3) to MAX. Repeat
Steps 4 through 6 and, return the thermostat to
its normal setting only after the burner is lit.
The refrigerator has a flame failure device which
will automatically shut off the gas to the burner if
the flame is blown out. While the plunger (4) is
being held in, this device is temporarily inoperative.
DANGER - DO NOT hold this plunger in
unless attempting to light the gas burner.
115 Volt
SUPPLY
Thermostat
\
3
B. ELECTRIC OPERATION
1) Turn gas valve to “OFF” position (with the
handle pointing away from the cabinet).
2) Turn voltage selector switch so desired
voltage marking is next to the selector
position indicator.
For Example:
If 115 volt AC operation is desired, rotate
selector to “110-1 15V” position and connect the
115 volt electrical supply cord.
- or If 12 volt DC ooeration is desired, rotate selector
to “12V” position and supply 12 volt battery
power.
3) Turn the electric thermostat knob to #4
position.
The ice tray shelf should show signs of cooling
after about an hour.
TO SHUT OFF ELECTRIC OPERATION:
Rotate the voltage selector switch (2) to the
“OFF” position.
5
SECTION 2
AC VOLTAGE REQUIREMENTS
The refrigerator is a 120 volt AC, 60 Hz appliance. The
proper operating range is 100 to 132 volts. Check the
AC volts at the receptacle where the refrigerator is
attached. If voltage drops below 100 volts, cooling
efficiency will decrease with voltage decrease. If voltage
is outside of the proper operating range, correct the
power source problem.
SECTION 3
AC COMPONENTS
HEATING ELEMENT
The heating element is designed to
deliver a predetermined amount of
heat to the cooling unit. To check a
heating element, remove the
heater leads from the terminal
block and measure for proper
resistance across the two leads
with a properly calibrated ohm
meter. This check is to be done with the heating element at room temperature. The proper ohms for the
RM2201 AC heating element is 152 with a tolerance
range of ten percent. If the resistance is outside the
tolerance range, replace the heating element.
SECTION 4
DC VOLTAGE REQUIREMENTS
For the refrigerator to operate on DC volt operation, DC
voltage must be supplied to the terminal block at the
rear of the refrigerator. The operational range is 10.5 to
15 volts DC. Connecting the refrigerator to an unregulated converter can result in improper operation of the
refrigerator. Check for proper voltage at the terminal
block at the back of the refrigerator. If power is outside
the operational range, correct the power supply problem. The power supply to the refrigerator must be fused.
The DC heating element will draw 7.9 on RM2150,
RM2190 and RM2201 at 12 volts. The maximum fuse
size is 10 amps for the RM2150, RM2190 and RM2201.
SECTION 5
DC COMPONENTS
5.1 SWITCH
A. TOGGLE SWITCH (RM2150/
RM2190)
The Toggle Switch should be checked
for continuity in the following manner:
Remove wires from the assembly.
In the “ON” position, continuity should exist.
In the “OFF” position, no continuity should exist.
If either check is incorrect, the switch is defective and
must be replaced.
6
B. SELECTOR SWITCH (RM2201)
The Selector Switch should be
checked for continuity in the
following manner: Remove all
wires from the assembly.
For the DC mode, continuity should
exist between terminals 1 and 2 and
5 and 6.
For the AC mode, continuity should exist between
terminals 3 and 4 and 7 and 8.
If continuity does NOT exist in any mode when making
these checks, the switch is defective and must be
replaced.
5.2 PIEZO I G N I T E R
The piezo lighter is a self-contained assembly which
generally does not need maintenance. When the button
is pushed, a spring loaded striker creates a spark. If
there is no resistance when pressing the button, the
piezo igniter is defective and must be replaced. If the
piezo snaps or has resistance when the button is
pushed, but there is no spark, the problem lies in the
electrode (see Sec. 5.3).
5.3 ELECTRODE
To check the electrode, first visually inspect it for cracks
or breaks on the ceramic insulator. Also, verify the
mounting bracket is attached properly to the electrode.
If either of the above conditions are found, replace the
electrode. Next, check the spark gap. It must be set at
three sixteenths (3/16) of an inch and the tip of electrode above the slots in the burner.
BUR
NOTE: If piezo igniter (See Sec. 5.2) is good and there
is no spark at the tip of the electrode, REPLACE THE
ELECTRODE.
5.4 HEATING ELEMENT
The heating element is designed to deliver a predetermined amount of heat to the cooling unit. Check the
heating element with ohms resistance using a properly
calibrated ohm meter. This check is to be done with the
element at room temperature. The proper ohms for
RM2150, RM2190 and RM2201 is .66 with a tolerance
range of (10) percent. If the heating element is outside
the tolerance range, replace it.
NOTE: It will take a very
precise ohm meter to accurately read this measurement. If a precise ohm
meter is not available, a
continuity reading will
indicate an open or complete circuit. If an open
circuit is the test result,
replace the element.
SECTION 7
LP GAS COMPONENTS
7.1 SHUT-OFF VALVE
This is the valve where the incoming LP gas supply is
attached. To check the shut-off valve, remove and
inspect for any obstructions.
5.5 T H E R M O S T A T
(RM2201)
The thermostat regulates the cabinet temperature by
making and breaking the heat source circuit. The
internal mechanism breaks contact (continuity) when
adequate cabinet temperature has been reached.
Check the thermostat for continuity or use a jumper wire
with insulated clips and bypass the thermostat.
NOTE: Care should be used. Do not short to thermostat
casing. Also, remove the jumper after testing is completed.
If the above test allows the refrigerator to operate,
replace the thermostat.
SECTION 6
LP GAS REQUIREMENTS
Manual Gas
Shut-Off Valve
The LP gas pressure to the refrigerator should be 11 inches water
column with half of all BTU’s of the
RV turned on. With all other
appliances turned off, the pressure
to the refrigerator should not
exceed 12 inches water column. To
check the gas pressure when the
refrigerator is operating, there is a
pressure test housing located just
prior to the orifice.
L
7.2 F I L T E R
A filter is located in the inlet fitting to the thermostat. It
protects the internal valve portion of the thermostat by
collecting any particles and/or oil that could get into the
LP gas line. The filter can become saturated and cause
a restriction to gas flow. This could cause a lack of
cooling on gas mode. If you suspect a restriction, first
verify the thermostat (See Sec. 7.3) is good. If the
thermostat is good, and filter is restricted, replace
thermostat.
7.3 THERMOSTAT
7.5 THERMOCOUPLE
On the LP gas mode, full line pressure is directed
through the thermostat to the burner until the thermostat
senses that the refrigerator cabinet has reached proper
cooling temperature. At that time an internal valve
closes and redirects the gas flow through the bypass
screw. This reduces the amount of LP gas going to the
burner assembly. The gas flow remains in this “bypass”
mode until the thermostat senses that the refrigerator
cabinet needs more cooling. Again, the thermostat
directs LP gas flow through the thermostat at full line
pressure until the cabinet temperature is sufficient. The
thermostat is calibrated by the manufacturer so that at
mid-range the cabinet temperature should be approximately 40 degrees Fahrenheit. To check the calibration of the thermostat, place a container of water in
the cabinet of the refrigerator and operate at mid-range
setting until the thermostat is satisfied. Then, check the
temperature of the water. It should be approximately 40
degrees. We do not recommend any calibration in the
field. If calibration is not correct, replace the thermostat.
To check the thermostat for proper gas flow, set the
thermostat to maximum and check the gas pressure at
the pressure test port. It should be line pressure,
between 11 to 12 inches water column. If you have less
than 11 inches of water column pressure, the next step
would be to shut off the gas supply and remove the
bypass screw. Then install a bypass screw that does
not have the small o-ring on it. Next, turn on the gas
supply and take a reading. If the manometer now reads
11 inches of water column, the thermostat is defective
and must be replaced. If the bypass screw test shows
no change in pressure, the problem lies in the filter (See
Sec. 7.2) the shut-off valve (See Sec. 7.1) or the gas
supply (See Sec. 6). Shut off the gas supply, remove
the bypass screw, replace it with the original one that
has an o-ring and turn the gas on.
The thermocouple is a component extending above the
burner assembly so the tip is in the path of the flame. It
will produce 14 to 30 millivolts DC in normal operation.
To check the thermocouple, use a known good safety
valve (See Sec. 7.4) and attach to the thermocouple.
Next, supply flame to the tip of the thermocouple for 2
to 3 minutes while depressing the safety valve. Remove
the flame and release the safety valve. The valve
should hold for at least 30 seconds. If it does not hold
the safety valve open for 30 seconds, replace the
thermocouple. If it does hold for 30 seconds or more,
the thermocouple is good, do not replace it.
NOTE: Check for leaks with an approved LP gas leak
solution whenever any part of the gas system has been
worked on or the system has been separated.
7.4 SAFETY VALVE
The safety valve is an assembly that shuts off the
supply of LP gas to the burner if the flame goes out for
any reason. This is to ensure that a concentration of
unburned gas does not accumulate in the refrigerator
vent area. To check the safety valve, use a known good
thermocouple (see SEC. 7.5) and install into the safety
valve. Next, supply flame to the tip of the thermocouple
for 2 to 3 minutes while holding in on the safety valve
stem. Next, remove flame from thermocouple tip and
release safety valve stem. The safety valve should hold
in for at least 30 seconds. If it releases earlier than 30
seconds, replace the safety valve.
8
NOTE: Be sure the tip on the thermocouple is clean.
7.6 BURNER
The burner is a slotted metal tube located below the flue
tube on the cooling unit. It should be level and the slots,
in the burner, should be directly below the flue tube.
The burner should be cleaned periodically, at least once
a year. To clean the burner, remove from the refrigerator and check for any foreign residue that could cause a
deflection of the gas flow or the flame. Next, soak the
burner in an alcohol based solvent and allow to air dry.
After cleaning, reinstall in the refrigerator.
7.7 FLUE BAFFLE
The flue baffle is designed to concentrate the heat from
the gas flame and direct it to a certain area of the flue
tube. It should be cleaned periodically, at least once a
year. To clean, remove from the flue tube and check for
any damage, then clean thoroughly.
The length of the flue baffle assembly (flue baffle
and wire) on the RM2150 and RM2190 is 13-1/8";
On the RM2201 it is 13-3/4”. The flue baffle itself
should measure 3-15/16” long and 9/16” wide on
the RM2150, RM2190 and RM2201. The proper
position of the baffle above the burner is 3-1/2” on
RM2150 and RM2190; and 3-3/8” on the RM2201.
7.8 CROSSOVER TUBE
The crossover tube is located at the top of the flue tube
and is attached with a screw. It must be properly
attached or flame outage could occur. If the balanced
flue tube is too close to the opening of the crossover
tube, it can also cause flame outage or difficulty in
lighting.
B. 12 Volt DC Connection for Heater: This connection
is made to the terminal block. The refrigerator must
be connected to the battery circuit with two wires of
adequate capacity to avoid voltage drop. The wire
gauge should be 14 AWG.
Do not use the body or chassis of the vehicle as a
substitute for either of the two conductors. No other
electrical equipment or lighting should be connected to
the refrigerator circuit.
TYPICAL WIRING DIAGRAM
12 VOLT SYSTEM
7.9 FLUE TUBE
The flue tube is a component of the cooling unit. It must
be cleaned periodically, at least once a year. To clean,
remove crossover tube and flue baffle, then cover the
burner and clean by using a flue brush. If the flue tube
becomes coated with scale or residue from combustion
of LP gas, the efficiency of gas operation decreases.
NOTE: After cleaning be sure to reinstall the flue baffle
and crossover tube.
7.10 ORIFICE
The orifice is a small brass fitting that has a ruby
membrane that is laser beam drilled and is mounted on
the gas line just prior to the burner. The orifice should
be cleaned periodically, at least once a year, by using
an alcohol based solvent and allowing to air dry. Never
use a drill bit or jet tip cleaner to clean any orifice as
these devices will damage the factory machined part
and create a potentially dangerous condition. The
correct orifice for the RM2150, RM2190 and RM2201 is
Size F. NOTE: Always use the proper orifice. Never use
a larger orifice as this could cause a lack of cooling
problem.
8.2 INTERNAL WIRING
Check all wires and the connectors to ensure a proper
and tight connection. Also verify the refrigerator is wired
per the wiring diagram for the model you are working
on.
TYPICAL 2-WAY (12V/GAS) WIRING DIAGRAM
12v
SWITCH
BLACK
:ousAEMp
I
3
/!u”Tc
BLACK
d
TBFI%?AL
HEATING
ELEMENT_
12v
TYPICAL 3-WAYWIRING DIAGRAM
HEATING ELEMENTS
SECTION 8
WIRING
8.1 EXTERNAL WIRING
A. 120 Volts AC Connection (RM2201): The refrigerator is equipped with a three prong (grounded) plug
for protection against shock hazards and should be
plugged directly into a properly grounded three
prong receptacle. DO NOT cut or remove the
grounding prong from this plug.
9
SECTION 9
OTHER
9.1 LEVELING
Leveling is one of the requirements for proper operation
with absorption refrigerators. The absorption design
utilizes no mechanical pumps or compressors to circulate the refrigerant within the system, so proper leveling
must be maintained to provide the correct refrigerant
flow. Without proper leveling, refrigerant within the
cooling unit will collect and stagnate at certain areas.
Without proper refrigerant flow, the cooling process will
stop. The RM2150, RM2190 and RM2201 Refrigerators
have a type of cooling unit that utilizes an enclosed
pump tube surrounded by a solution to protect the
assembly. To ensure proper leveling with these models,
the vehicle needs to be leveled so it is comfortable to
live in. (No noticeable sloping of floor or walls). When
the vehicle is moving, leveling is not critical as the rolling
and pitching movement of the vehicle will pass to either
side of level, keeping the refrigerant from accumulating
in the piping.
9.2 VENTILATION
should be zero (0”) clearance surrounding the sides and
top of the refrigerator to achieve proper air flow. All
potential dead air pockets should be blocked or baffled to
ensure that heat won’t be trapped in these spaces and
reduce efficiency. In addition, the cooling unit should be
at least one inch (1”) from the nearest surface made of
combustible material.
NOTE: Refrigerators should be installed in accordance
with appropriate installation instructions received with the
refrigerator.
TURNING VAN
PATH OF AIR FL0
1” CLEARANCE FROM
COMBUSTIBLE
MATERIALS
Ventilation is one of the requirements for proper cooling
unit operation. The coach vent system must be able to
provide a way to direct the hot air, produced by the action
of the cooling unit, out away from the installation of the
refrigerator. The refrigerator extracts heat from the interior
of the refrigerator cabinet and dissipates the heat out
through the vent system. In a proper installation there
RM2201
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
COACH WALL
Burner Plate or
Working Counter
adhesive foam
sealing strip to the
rear of the front
frame
Before installing,
attach the selfthe rear of the
front frame
2
AIR VENTS
J
FLOOR LEVEL
INSTALLATION
10
NOTE: If clearance between back of
cooling unit and wall of vehicle is
more than 2 inches, it is advisable to
make and fit a metal deflector plate
across the back of the recess (as
illustrated above) to direct the air
flow through the condenser fins of
the unit.
/
INSTALLATION ABOVE
FLOOR LEVEL
9.3 AIR LEAKS
Check the gasket on the doors to be sure of a positive
air seal. A simple method to check gaskets is to close
the door on a dollar bill, then pull the dollar bill out. If no
resistance is felt, the gasket is not sealing properly. This
should be done on all four sides of the door. If a gasket
is not sealing properly, first warm the gasket material
with a hair dryer.
DO NOT OVERHEAT
If it is defective, replace with a new cooling unit. To
check the cooling unit, first verify the heating element is
good. Then place approximately one-half gallon of water
inside the refrigerator and place a thermometer in one
of the containers of water. Next, supply volts direct to
the heating element and operate for at least 12 hours.
Then check the temperature on the thermometer. It
should be at 45 degrees or lower depending on test
conditions (See ambient temperature Sec. 9.5). If so,
the cooling unit is good. If the temperature of the water
is above 45 degrees, replace the cooling unit.
AS YOU CAN MELT THE MATERIAL.
Then close the door and the magnetic strip should pull
the gasket to the metal frame. Leave door closed until
the material has cooled. Then recheck for a positive
seal. If a positive seal cannot be achieved, replace the
door gasket. Also check that the cooling unit is installed
properly. The cooling unit’s foam block, the portion that
surrounds the evaporator coils, must be flush to the
cabinet at the back of the refrigerator and have a
positive seal. If the cooling unit is not installed properly,
remove and install properly.
NOTE: Air leaks will cause insufficient cooling as well as
rapid formation of frost.
9.4 DOOR POSITION
The door position can be checked by observing any
misalignment of the door in relation to the frame.
To correct an alignment of the door, loosen the hinge
screws slightly, and reorient the door in the proper
position. Hold the door in its new position and carefully
retighten the hinge screws.
If the door needs more adjustment than is available
through the hinge adjustment, the base can be repositioned to reorient the door. Turn the refrigerator on its
side to gain access to the two front base screws.
Loosen both screws slightly. Reposition the base until
the door is reoriented. Retighten the base screws while
holding the base in its new position.
9.7 FOOD STORAGE
Proper refrigeration requires free air circulation within
the food storage compartment. Restricted air circulation
within this compartment will cause higher cabinet
temperatures. To remedy this situation, simply rearrange your foodstuffs. It is also essential that the
shelves are not covered with paper or large storage
containers. Always remember to allow for proper air
circulation. Odorous or highly flavored foods should
always be stored in covered dishes, plastic bags or
wrapped in foil or waxed paper to prevent food odors.
Vegetables, lettuce, etc., should be covered to retain
their crispness. NEVER PUT HOT FOOD INTO THE
REFRIGERATOR. To reduce frost formation, cover
stored liquids and moist foods and do not leave the door
open longer than necessary. When the refrigerator is
heavily loaded, it takes a longer time for refrigerator
temperatures to lower. A very heavy load may also
cause defrosting.
9.8 HIGH HUMIDITY
High humidity may cause a small amount of condensation to form on the frame of the refrigerator. In some
cases it can develop to such a degree that it will run off
the frame. As the humidity is reduced, the sweating will
decrease. High humidity can also be a factor in rapid
formation of frost.
9.5 AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
9.9
This is the temperature surrounding the recreational
vehicle, as well as the temperature of air at the back of
the refrigerator. As the ambient temperature increases,
the air temperature in the area of the cooling unit
increases. Improper venting at this point, will cause the
cooling unit to have reduced efficiency.
There is a seal that is applied to the liner in the area
where the metal frame makes contact with the interior
liner. If this seal is incomplete, cold air can migrate out
to the metal frame. If this happens, condensation could
form on the frame and could promote rapid formation of
frost. If you suspect an improper seal, apply a small
bead of silicone all the way around the perimeter where
the frame meets the interior liner.
9.6 COOLING UNIT
INTERIOR LINER SEAL TO FRAME
The cooling unit is a self-contained, hermetically sealed
set of coils where the refrigeration process takes place.
The chemicals involved in the cooling process include
hydrogen, ammonia, water and a rust inhibiting agent.
There are no repairs recommended on the cooling unit.
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