D-Link DSL-2540U User manual

Table of Contents
D-Link DSL-2540U User Manual
1
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
PACKAGE CONTENTS......................................................................................................3
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................3
FEATURES ......................................................................................................................4
HARDWARE OVERVIEW ..................................................................................................6
Connections ..............................................................................................................6
LEDs.........................................................................................................................7
INSTALLATION .............................................................................................................8
BEFORE YOU BEGIN .......................................................................................................8
INSTALLATION NOTES ....................................................................................................9
INFORMATION YOU WILL NEED FROM YOUR ADSL SERVICE PROVIDER.................... 11
INFORMATION YOU WILL NEED ABOUT DSL-2540U..................................................13
DEVICE INSTALLATION .................................................................................................15
Power on Router.....................................................................................................15
Factory Reset Button ..............................................................................................16
Network Connections..............................................................................................16
CONFIGURATION .......................................................................................................17
WEB-BASED CONFIGURATION UTILITY ........................................................................17
DEVICE INFO ...............................................................................................................18
SUMMARY ....................................................................................................................19
WAN............................................................................................................................19
STATISTICS ...................................................................................................................20
ROUTE .........................................................................................................................22
ARP.............................................................................................................................22
DHCP ..........................................................................................................................22
QUICK SETUP ..............................................................................................................23
ADVANCED SETUP .....................................................................................................38
WAN............................................................................................................................38
LAN ............................................................................................................................40
NAT.............................................................................................................................41
Virtual Servers ........................................................................................................41
Port Triggering.......................................................................................................42
DMZ Host...............................................................................................................43
SECURITY.....................................................................................................................44
D-Link DSL-2540U User Manual
IP Filtering............................................................................................................. 44
PARENTAL CONTROL .................................................................................................... 48
URL Filter .............................................................................................................. 49
QUALITY OF SERVICE ................................................................................................... 50
Queue Config.......................................................................................................... 50
QoS Classification.................................................................................................. 51
ROUTING ...................................................................................................................... 52
Default Gateway..................................................................................................... 52
Static Route............................................................................................................. 52
DSL ............................................................................................................................. 53
PPTP ........................................................................................................................... 55
INTERFACE GROUP ....................................................................................................... 55
DIAGNOSTICS ............................................................................................................. 57
MANAGEMENT ........................................................................................................... 58
SETTINGS ..................................................................................................................... 58
SYSTEM LOG ................................................................................................................ 59
SNMP AGENT .............................................................................................................. 60
ACCESS CONTROL........................................................................................................ 61
Services .................................................................................................................. 61
IP Address .............................................................................................................. 62
Passwords............................................................................................................... 62
UPDATE SOFTWARE ...................................................................................................... 63
SAVE/REBOOT .............................................................................................................. 63
TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................ 64
NETWORKING BASICS ............................................................................................. 66
CHECK YOUR IP ADDRESS ........................................................................................... 66
STATICALLY ASSIGN AN IP ADDRESS ............................................................................ 67
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................... 68
2
Section 1 - Product Overview
Package Contents
•
•
•
•
•
•
DSL-2540U ADSL Router
Power Adapter
CD-ROM with User Manual
One twisted-pair telephone cable used for ADSL connection
One straight-through Ethernet cable
One Quick Installation Guide
Note: Using a power supply with a different voltage rating than the one included
with the DSL-2540U will cause damage and void the warranty for this product.
System Requirements
•
•
ADSL Internet service
Computer with:
• 200MHz Processor
• 64MB Memory
• CD-ROM Drive
• Ethernet Adapter with TCP/IP Protocol Installed
• Internet Explorer v6 or later, Firefox v1.5
• Computer with Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows Vista
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Section 1 - Product Overview
11
Features
•
PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) Security – The DSL-2540U ADSL Router supports PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) and CHAP
(Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) for PPP connections. The Router also supports MSCHAP.
•
DHCP Support – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol automatically and dynamically assigns all LAN IP settings to each host on your
network. This eliminates the need to reconfigure every host whenever changes in network topology occur.
•
Network Address Translation (NAT) – For small office environments, the DSL-2540U allows multiple users on the LAN to access the
Internet concurrently through a single Internet account. This provides Internet access to everyone in the office for the price of a single user.
NAT improves network security in effect by hiding the private network behind one global and visible IP address. NAT address mapping can
also be used to link two IP domains via a LAN-to-LAN connection.
•
TCP/IP (Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) – The DSL-2540U supports TCP/IP protocol, the language used for the Internet. It is
compatible with access servers manufactured by major vendors.
•
RIP-1/RIP-2 – The DSL-2540U supports both RIP-1 and RIP-2 exchanges with other routers. Using both versions lets the Router to
communicate with all RIP enabled devices.
•
Static Routing – This allows you to select a data path to a particular network destination that will remain in the routing table and never “age
out”. If you wish to define a specific route that will always be used for data traffic from your LAN to a specific destination within your LAN (for
example to another router or a server) or outside your network (to an ISP defined default gateway for instance).
•
Default Routing – This allows you to choose a default path for incoming data packets for which the destination address is unknown. This is
particularly useful when/if the Router functions as the sole connection to the Internet.
•
ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) – The DSL-2540U supports Bridged Ethernet over ATM (RFC1483), IP over ATM (RFC1577), and
PPP over ATM (RFC 2364).
•
Precise ATM Traffic Shaping – Traffic shaping is a method of controlling the flow rate of ATM data cells. This function helps to establish the
Quality of Service for ATM data transfer.
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Section 1 - Product Overview
•
G.Hz (Auto-handshake) – This allows the Router to automatically choose either the G.lite or G.dmt ADSL connection standards.
•
High Performance – Very high rates of data transfer are possible with the Router. Up to 8 Mbps downstream bit rate using the G.dmt
standard.
•
Full Network Management – The DSL-2540U incorporates SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) support for web-based
management and text-based network management via an RS-232 or Telnet connection.
•
Telnet Connection – The Telnet enables a network manager to access the Router’s management software remotely.
•
Easy Installation – The DSL-2540U uses a web-based graphical user interface program for convenient management access and easy set
up. Any common web browser software can be used to manage the Router.
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Hardware Overview
Connections
ADSL Port
Use the ADSL cable to connect
to the your telephone line (RJ-11
port)
Ethernet Port
Use the Ethernet port to connect
the Router to a computer or an
Ethernet LAN
Power Button
Push in to power-on the Router.
Push again to power-off the
Router
Power Insert
Use the adapter shipped with the
Router to connect to power
source
*Reset button at the bottom
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Section 1 - Product Overview
Hardware Overview
LEDs
Power
A steady green light indicates the unit is powered
on. When the device is powered off it remains dark.
Lights steady green during power on self-test
(POST) means the power connection works
properly.
DSL
A steady green light indicates a valid
ADSL connection. This will light after
the ADSL negotiation process has
been settled. A blinking green light
indicates that ADLS is attempting to
sync.
D-Link DSL-2540U User Manual
Internet
A steady green light indicates a
valid internet connection.
LAN
A solid green light indicates a valid link on
startup. This light will blink when there is
activity currently passing through the
Ethernet port.
Status
A blinking green light indicates the
system is operating normally.
System failure is indicated by either
a steady green or dark light.
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Section 2 – Installation
Installation
This section will walk you through the installation process. Placement of the Router is very important. Do not place the Router in an enclosed area
such as a closet, cabinet, or in the attic or garage.
Before You Begin
Please read and make sure you understand all the prerequisites for proper installation of your new Router. Have all the necessary information and
equipment on hand before beginning the installation.
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Section 2 – Installation
Installation Notes
In order to establish a connection to the Internet it will be necessary to provide information to the Router that will be stored in its memory. For some
users, only their account information (Username and Password) is required. For others, various parameters that control and define the Internet
connection will be required. You can print out the two pages below and use the tables to list this information. This way you have a hard copy of all
the information needed to setup the Router. If it is necessary to reconfigure the device, all the necessary information can be easily accessed. Be
sure to keep this information safe and private.
Low Pass Filters
Since ADSL and telephone services share the same copper wiring to carry their respective signals, a filtering mechanism may be necessary to
avoid mutual interference. A low pass filter device can be installed for each telephone that shares the line with the ADSL line. These filters are easy
to install passive devices that connect to the ADSL device and/or telephone using standard telephone cable. Ask your service provider for more
information about the use of low pass filters with your installation.
Operating Systems
The DSL-2540U uses an HTML-based web interface for setup and management. The web configuration manager may be accessed using any
operating system capable of running web browser software, including Windows 98 SE, Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows
Vista.
Web Browser
Any common web browser can be used to configure the Router using the web configuration management software. The program is designed to
work best with more recently released browsers such as Opera, Microsoft Internet Explorer® version 6.0, Netscape Navigator® version 6.2.3, or
later versions. The web browser must have JavaScript enabled. JavaScript is enabled by default on many browsers. Make sure JavaScript has not
been disabled by other software (such as virus protection or web user security packages) that may be running on your computer.
Ethernet Port (NIC Adapter)
Any computer that uses the Router must be able to connect to it through the Ethernet port on the Router. This connection is an Ethernet connection
and therefore requires that your computer be equipped with an Ethernet port as well. Most notebook computers are now sold with an Ethernet port
already installed. Likewise, most fully assembled desktop computers come with an Ethernet NIC adapter as standard equipment. If your computer
does not have an Ethernet port, you must install an Ethernet NIC adapter before you can use the Router. If you must install an adapter, follow the
installation instructions that come with the Ethernet NIC adapter.
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Section 2 – Installation
Additional Software
It may be necessary to install software on your computer that enables the computer to access the Internet. Additional software must be installed if
you are using the device a simple bridge. For a bridged connection, the information needed to make and maintain the Internet connection is stored
on another computer or gateway device, not in the Router itself.
If your ADSL service is delivered through a PPPoE or PPPoA connection, the information needed to establish and maintain the Internet connection
can be stored in the Router. In this case, it is not necessary to install software on your computer. It may however be necessary to change some
settings in the device, including account information used to identify and verify the connection.
All connections to the Internet require a unique global IP address. For bridged connections, the global IP settings must reside in a TCP/IP enabled
device on the LAN side of the bridge, such as a PC, a server, a gateway device such as a router or similar firewall hardware. The IP address can be
assigned in a number of ways. Your network service provider will give you instructions about any additional connection software or NIC
configuration that may be required.
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Section 2 – Installation
Information you will need from your ADSL service
provider
Username
This is the Username used to log on to your ADSL service provider’s network. Your ADSL service provider uses this to identify your account.
Password
This is the Password used, in conjunction with the Username above, to log on to your ADSL service provider’s network. This is used to verify the
identity of your account.
WAN Setting / Connection Type
These settings describe the method your ADSL service provider uses to transport data between the Internet and your computer. Most users will use
the default settings. You may need to specify one of the following WAN Setting and Connection Type configurations (Connection Type settings listed
in parenthesis):
• PPPoE/PPoA (PPPoE LLC, PPPoA LLC or PPPoA VC-Mux)
• Bridge Mode (1483 Bridged IP LLC or 1483 Bridged IP VC Mux)
• IPoA/MER (Static IP Address) (Bridged IP LLC, 1483 Bridged IP VC Mux, 1483 Routed IP LLC, 1483 Routed IP VC-Mux or IPoA)
• MER (Dynamic IP Address) (1483 Bridged IP LLC or 1483 Bridged IP VC-Mux)
Modulation Type
ADSL uses various standardized modulation techniques to transmit data over the allotted signal frequencies. Some users may need to change the
type of modulation used for their service. The default DSL modulation (ADSL2+ Multi-Mode) used for the Router automatically detects all types of
ADSL, ADSL2, and ADSL2+ modulation.
Security Protocol
This is the method your ADSL service provider will use to verify your Username and Password when you log on to their network. Your Router
supports the PAP and CHAP protocols.
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Section 2 – Installation
VPI
Most users will not be required to change this setting. The Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) is used in conjunction with the Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI)
to identify the data path between your ADSL service provider’s network and your computer. If you are setting up the Router for multiple virtual
connections, you will need to configure the VPI and VCI as instructed by your ADSL service provider for the additional connections. This setting can
be changed in the WAN Settings window of the web management interface.
VCI
Most users will not be required to change this setting. The Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI) used in conjunction with the VPI to identify the data path
between your ADSL service provider’s network and your computer. If you are setting up the Router for multiple virtual connections, you will need to
configure the VPI and VCI as instructed by your ADSL service provider for the additional connections. This setting can be changed in the WAN
Settings window of the web management interface.
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Section 2 – Installation
Information you will need about DSL-2540U
Username
This is the Username needed to access the Router’s management interface. When you attempt to connect to the device through a web browser you
will be prompted to enter this Username. The default Username for the Router is “admin.” The user cannot change this.
Password
This is the Password you will be prompted to enter when you access the Router’s management interface. The default Password is “admin.” The
user may change this.
LAN IP addresses for the DSL-2540U
This is the IP address you will enter into the Address field of your web browser to access the Router’s configuration graphical user interface (GUI)
using a web browser. The default IP address is 192.168.1.1. This may be changed to suit any IP address scheme the user desires. This address will
be the base IP address used for DHCP service on the LAN when DHCP is enabled.
LAN Subnet Mask for the DSL-2540U
This is the subnet mask used by the DSL-2540U, and will be used throughout your LAN. The default subnet mask is 255.255.255.0. This can be
changed later.
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Section 2 – Installation
Information you will need about your LAN or computer
:
Ethernet NIC
If your computer has an Ethernet NIC, you can connect the DSL-2540U to this Ethernet port using an Ethernet cable. You can also use the Ethernet
ports on the DSL-2540U to connect to other computer or Ethernet devices.
DHCP Client status
Your DSL-2540U ADSL Router is configured, by default, to be a DHCP server. This means that it can assign an IP address, subnet mask, and a
default gateway address to computers on your LAN. The default range of IP addresses the DSL-2540U will assign are from 192.168.1.2 to
192.168.1.254. Your computer (or computers) needs to be configured to obtain an IP address automatically (that is, they need to be configured as
DHCP clients.)
It is recommended that your collect and record this information here, or in some other secure place, in case you have to re-configure your ADSL
connection in the future.
Once you have the above information, you are ready to setup and configure your DSL-2540U ADSL Router.
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Section 2 – Installation
Device Installation
The DSL-2540U connects two separate physical interfaces, an ADSL (WAN) and an Ethernet (LAN) interface. Place the Router in a location where
it can be connected to the various devices as well as to a power source. The Router should not be located where it will be exposed to moisture or
excessive heat. Make sure the cables and power cord are placed safely out of the way so they do not create a tripping hazard. As with any electrical
appliance, observe common sense safety procedures.
The Router can be placed on a shelf or desktop, ideally you should be able to see the LED indicators on the front if you need to view them for
troubleshooting.
Power on Router
The Router must be used with the power adapter included with the device.
1. Insert the DC Power Adapter cord into the power receptacle located on the rear panel of the Router and plug the adapter into a suitable nearby
power source.
2. Depress the Power button into the on position. You should see the Power LED indicator light up and remain lit. The Status LED should light solid
green and begin to blink after a few seconds.
3. If the Ethernet port is connected to a working device, check the Ethernet Link/Act LED indicators to make sure the connection is valid. The
Router will attempt to establish the ADSL connection, if the ADSL line is connected and the Router is properly configured this should light up
after several seconds. If this is the first time installing the device, some settings may need to be changed before the Router can establish a
connection.
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Section 2 – Installation
Factory Reset Button
The Router may be reset to the original factory default settings by using a ballpoint or paperclip to gently push down the reset button in the following
sequence:
1. Press and hold the reset button while the device is powered off.
2. Turn on the power.
3. Wait for 5~8 seconds and then release the reset button.
Remember that this will wipe out any settings stored in flash memory including user account information and LAN IP settings. The device settings
will be restored to the factory default IP address 192.168.1.1 and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0, the default management Username is “admin”
and the default Password is “admin.”
Network Connections
Connect ADSL Line
Use the ADSL cable included with the Router to connect it to a telephone wall socket or receptacle. Plug one end of the cable into the ADSL port
(RJ-11 receptacle) on the rear panel of the Router and insert the other end into the RJ-11 wall socket. If you are using a low pass filter device, follow
the instructions included with the device or given to you by your service provider. The ADSL connection represents the WAN interface, the
connection to the Internet. It is the physical link to the service provider’s network backbone and ultimately to the Internet.
Connect Router to Ethernet
The Router may be connected to a single computer or Ethernet device through the 10BASE-TX Ethernet port on the rear panel. Any connection to
an Ethernet concentrating device such as a switch or hub must operate at a speed of 10/100 Mbps only. When connecting the Router to any
Ethernet device that is capable of operating at speeds higher than 10Mbps, be sure that the device has auto-negotiation (NWay) enabled for the
connecting port. Use standard twisted-pair cable with RJ-45 connectors. The RJ-45 port on the Router is a crossed port (MDI-X). Follow standard
Ethernet guidelines when deciding what type of cable to use to make this connection. When connecting the Router directly to a PC or server use a
normal straight-through cable. You should use a crossed cable when connecting the Router to a normal (MDI-X) port on a switch or hub. Use a
normal straight-through cable when connecting it to an uplink (MDI-II) port on a hub or switch. The rules governing Ethernet cable lengths apply to
the LAN to Router connection. Be sure that the cable connecting the LAN to the Router does not exceed 100 meters.
Hub or Switch to Router Connection
Connect the Router to an uplink port (MDI-II) on an Ethernet hub or switch with a straight-through cable. If you wish to reserve the uplink port on the
switch or hub for another device, connect to any on the other MDI-X ports (1x, 2x, etc.) with a crossed cable.
Computer to Router Connection
You can connect the Router directly to a 10/100BASE-TX Ethernet adapter card (NIC) installed on a PC using the Ethernet cable provided.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Configuration
This section will show you how to configure your new D-Link Router using the web-based configuration utility.
Web-based Configuration Utility
Connect to the Router
The default IP address for ADSL MODEM is: 192.168.1.1; The Subnet Mask is:255.255.255.0. Users can configure ADSL MODEM through an
Internet browser. ADSL MODEM can be used as gateway and DNS server; users need to set the computer’s TCP/IP protocol as follow:
1. Set the computer IP address at same segment of ADSL MODEM, such as set the IP address of the network card to one of the “192.168.1.2”
~ “192.168.1.254”.
2. Set the computer’s gateway the same IP address as the ADSL Modem’s.
3. Set computer’s DNS server the same as ADSL Modem’s IP address or that of an effective DNS server.
To access the configuration utility, open a web-browser such as Internet
Explorer and enter the IP address of the router (192.168.1.1).
Type “admin” for the User Name and “admin” in the Password field. If
you get a Page Cannot be Displayed error, please refer to the
Troubleshooting section for assistance.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Device Info
To access the Device Info window, click either the Device Info or Summary button in the Device Info directory. The following page opens:
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Section 3 – Configuration
Summary
To access the Router’s first Summary window, click the Summary button in the Device Info directory.
This window displays the current status of your DSL connection, including
the software version, LAN IP address, and DNS server address.
WAN
To access the WAN Info window, click the WAN button in the Device Info directory.
This window displays the current status of your WAN connection.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Statistics
To access the Router’s first Statistics window, click the Statistics button in the Device Info directory.
This window displays the Router’s LAN statistics. Click the Reset
Statistics button to refresh these statistics.
This window displays the Router’s WAN statistics. Click the Reset
Statistics button to refresh these statistics.
This window displays the Router’s ATM statistics. Click the Reset button
to refresh these statistics.
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Section 3 – Configuration
This window displays the Router’s ADSL statistics. Click the Reset
Statistics button to refresh these statistics.
Click the ADSL BER Test button to access the ADSL Bit Error Rate Test
window displayed below:
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Section 3 – Configuration
Route
To access the Device Info – Route window, click the Route button in the Device Info directory.
This read-only window displays routing info.
ARP
To access the Device Info – ARP window, click the ARP button in the Device Info directory.
This read-only window displays Address Resolution Protocol info.
DHCP
To access the Device Info – DHCP Leases window, click the DHCP button in the Device Info directory.
This read-only window displays DHCP lease info.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Quick Setup
This chapter is concerned with using your computer to configure the WAN connection. The following chapter describes the various windows used to
configure and monitor the Router including how to change IP settings and DHCP server setup.
QUICK SETUP
Click the Quick Setup link on the left panel of the opening page to launch
a series of setup windows.
Tick the DSL Auto-connect check box and then click the Next button.
If the ADSL connection is down, unselect the DSL Auto-connect checkbox
and then click the Next button to manually assign VPI and VCI values.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP
This window allows you to set up ATM PVC configuration. Enter a Port
Identifier, Virtual Path Identifier, and Virtual Channel Identifier. The VPI
and VCI values should be provided by your ISP. This window also allows
you to enable QoS by ticking the Enable Quality of Service check box.
Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – CONNECTION TYPE
This window allows you to select the appropriate connection type. The
choices include PPP over ATM (PPPoA), PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE),
MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER), IP over ATM (IPoA), and Bridging
(default).
This window also allows you to use the drop-down menu to select the
desired Encapsulation Mode. Click the Next button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – BRIDGING
To enable bridging, tick the Enable Bridge Service check box and enter a
Service Name.
To disable WAN service, unselect the check box.
Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – BRIDGING
This window allows you to configure the Router IP address and subnet
mask for your LAN. Once you have entered an IP address and subnet
mask, click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – BRIDGING
This summary window allows you to confirm the bridging settings you
have just made. Click the Save/Reboot button to save your new bridging
settings and restart the Router.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – PPPoA
Click the PPP over ATM (PPPoA) radio button on this window. This
window also allows you to use the drop-down menu to select the desired
Encapsulation Mode. Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – PPPoA
This window allows you to set the username and the password for your
PPP connection. This information is obtained from your ISP. Additional
settings on this window will also depend on your ISP. Click the Next
button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP - PPPoA
This window allows you to enable IGMP multicasting and WAN service.
Most users will want to leave the MTU value at the default setting unless
your ISP advises you to change it. Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP - PPPoA
This window allows you to enter an IP address and subnet mask for the
LAN interface. In addition, you can either enable or disable the DHCP
server.
To enable the DHCP server, enter a starting IP address, an ending IP
address, and a subnet mask. You may also choose to change the default
value of the leased time. Click the Next button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – PPPoA
This summary window allows you to confirm the settings you have just
made. Click the Save/Reboot button to save your new PPP over ATM
settings and restart the Router.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – PPPoE
Click the PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) radio button on this window. This
window also allows you to use the drop-down menu to select the desired
Encapsulation Mode. Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – PPPoE
This window allows you to set the username and the password for your
PPP connection. This information is obtained from your ISP. Additional
settings on this window will also depend on your ISP. Click the Next
button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – PPPoE
This window allows you to enable IGMP multicasting and WAN service.
Most users will want to leave the MTU value at the default setting unless
your ISP advises you to change it. Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – PPPoE
This window allows you to enter an IP address and subnet mask for the
LAN interface. In addition, you can either enable or disable the DHCP
server.
To enable the DHCP server, enter a starting IP address, an ending IP
address, and a subnet mask. You may also choose to change the default
value of the leased time. Click the Next button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – PPPoE
This summary window allows you to confirm the settings you have just
made. Click the Save/Reboot button to save your new PPP over Ethernet
settings and restart the Router.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – MER
Click the MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER) radio button on this window.
This window also allows you to use the drop-down menu to select the
desired Encapsulation Mode. Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – MER
This window allows you to configure the WAN IP settings. This information
is obtained from your ISP. Click the Next button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – MER
This window allows you to enable or disable Network Address Translation
and a firewall for your Router. In addition, you can enable or disable IGMP
multicasting and WAN service. Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – MER
This window allows you to enter an IP address and subnet mask for the
LAN interface. In addition, you can either enable or disable the DHCP
server.
To enable the DHCP server, enter a starting IP address, an ending IP
address, and a subnet mask. You may also choose to change the default
value of the leased time. Click the Next button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – MER
This summary window allows you to confirm the settings you have just
made. Click the Save/Reboot button to save your new MAC
Encapsulation Routing settings and restart the Router.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – IPoA
Click the IP over ATM (IPoA) radio button on this window. This window
also allows you to use the drop-down menu to select the desired
Encapsulation Mode. Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – IPoA
This window allows you to configure the WAN IP settings. This information
is obtained from your ISP. Click the Next button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – IPoA
This window allows you to enable or disable Network Address Translation
and a firewall for your Router. In addition, you can enable or disable IGMP
multicasting and WAN service. Click the Next button to continue.
QUICK SETUP – IPoA
This window allows you to enter an IP address and subnet mask for the
LAN interface. In addition, you can either enable or disable the DHCP
server.
To enable the DHCP server, enter a starting IP address, an ending IP
address, and a subnet mask. You may also choose to change the default
value of the leased time. Click the Next button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QUICK SETUP – IPoA
This summary window allows you to confirm the settings you have just
made. Click the Save/Reboot button to save your new IP over ATM
settings and restart the Router.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Advanced Setup
This chapter include the more advanced features used for network management and security as well as administrative tools to manage the Router,
view status and other information used to examine performance and for troubleshooting.
WAN
To access the Wide Area Network (WAN) Setup window, click the WAN button in the Advanced Setup directory.
This window is used to configure the WAN interface. You can add, delete,
and modify WAN interfaces on this window.
Once the desired changes to the WAN interface are complete, click the
Save/Reboot button.
If you are setting up the WAN interface for the first time, click the Add
button.
The ATM PVC Configuration window allows you to set up ATM PVC
configuration. Enter a Port Identifier, Virtual Path Identifier, and Virtual
Channel Identifier. The VPI and VCI values should be provided by your
ISP. This window also allows you to enable QoS by ticking the Enable
Quality of Service check box. Click the Next button to continue.
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Section 3 – Configuration
This window allows you to select the appropriate connection type. The
choices include PPP over ATM (PPPoA), PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE),
MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER), IP over ATM (IPoA), and Bridging
(default).
This window also allows you to use the drop-down menu to select the
desired Encapsulation Mode. Click the Next button to continue.
For further information about each of the five connection types available
on the Router, please go to the Quick Setup section earlier in this manual
as all of the windows are identical.
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Section 3 – Configuration
LAN
You can configure the LAN IP address to suit your preference. Many users will find it convenient to use the default settings together with DHCP
service to manage the IP settings for their private network. The IP address of the Router is the base address used for DHCP. In order to use the
Router for DHCP on your LAN, the IP address pool used for DHCP must be compatible with the IP address of the Router. The IP addresses
available in the DHCP IP address pool will change automatically if you change the IP address of the Router.
To access the Local Area Network (LAN) Setup window, click the LAN button in the Advanced Setup directory.
This window allows you to set up a LAN interface. When
you are finished, click either the Save or Save/Reboot
button.
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Section 3 – Configuration
NAT
To access the Network Address Translation (NAT) Setup window, click the NAT button in the Advanced Setup directory. The NAT button
appears when configuring WAN interface in PPPoA, PPPoE, MER or IPoA.
Virtual Servers
This window is used to configure virtual server. You can add, delete, and
modify virtual server on this window.
If you are setting up the virtual server, click the Add button.
You can configure the service settings on this window by clicking the
Select a Service radio button and then using the drop-down list to choose
an existing service, or by clicking the Custom Server radio button and
entering your own Application Rule in the field provided.
Click Save/Apply when you are finished with the virtual server
configuration.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Port Triggering
Some applications such as games, video conferencing, remote access
applications and others require that specific ports in the Router's firewall
be opened for access by the applications. You can configure the port
settings from this screen by selecting an existing application or creating
your own (Custom application).
Click the Add button to configure port triggering.
You can configure the port settings on this window by clicking the Select
an application radio button and then using the drop-down list to choose
an existing application, or by clicking the Custom application radio
button and entering your own Application Rule in the field provided.
Click Save/Apply when you are finished with the port setting
configuration. The new Application Rule will appear in the Port Triggering
table.
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Section 3 – Configuration
DMZ Host
Since some applications are not compatible with NAT, the Router supports
use of a DMZ IP address for a single host on the LAN. This IP address is
not protected by NAT and will therefore be visible to agents on the Internet
with the right type of software. Keep in mind that any client PC in the DMZ
will be exposed to various types of security risks. If you use the DMZ, take
measures (such as client-based virus protection) to protect the remaining
client PCs on your LAN from possible contamination through the DMZ.
To designate a DMZ IP address, type in the IP Address of the server or
device on your LAN, and click the Save/Apply button.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Security
To access the Security window, click the Security button in the Advanced Setup directory. The Security button appears after configuring WAN
interface in PPPoA, PPPoE, MER or IPoA.
IP Filtering
The IP Filtering button appears when configuring WAN interface in PPPoA, PPPoE, MER or IPoA.
IP Filtering - Outgoing
This window allows you to create a filter rule of Outgoing.
Click change default policy to change the mode of policy.
Now default policy is ACCEPT, it means all outgoing IP traffic from LAN is
allowed, but some IP traffic can be Blocked by setting up filters.
If you are setting up the outgoing IP filtering, click the Add button.
Now default policy is BLOCK, it means all outgoing IP traffic from LAN is
blocked, but some IP traffic can be accepted by setting up filters.
If you are setting up the outgoing IP filtering, click the Add button.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Enter the information in the section. Explanations of parameters are
described below. Click the Save/Apply button to add the entry in the
Active Outbound IP Filtering table.
Filters
Parameter
Filter Name
Protocol
Description
Enter a name for the new filter.
Select the transport protocol (Any, TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP or ICMP) that will be used for the filter rule.
Select either IP address or Netmask to show different items.
Enter the start and end IP address for the range of IP addresses which you are creating the
Select IP Range
Source IP Address
filter rule.
by
Source IP Address & Source
This is the IP address and their associated subnets for which you are creating the filter rule.
Subnet Mask
Source Port
The Source Port is the TCP/UDP port on either the LAN or WAN depending on if you are configuring an Outbound or Inbound
Filter rule.
Destination Port The Destination Port is the TCP/UDP port on either the LAN or WAN depending on if you are configuring an Outbound or
Inbound Filter rule.
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Section 3 – Configuration
IP Filtering – Incoming
This window allows you to create a filter rule of Incoming.
Click change default policy to change the mode of policy.
Now default policy is ACCEPT, it means all incoming IP traffic from WAN
is accepted, but some IP traffic can be blocked by setting up filters.
If you are setting up the incoming IP filtering, click the Add button.
Now default policy is BLOCK, it means all incoming IP traffic from WAN is
blocked, but some IP traffic can be accepted by setting up filters.
If you are setting up the incoming IP filtering, click the Add button.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Enter the information in the section. Explanations of parameters are
described below. Click the Save/Apply button to add the entry in the
Active Inbound IP Filtering table.
Filters Parameter
Filter Name
Protocol
Select IP Range by
Source Port
Destination Port
Description
Enter a name for the new filter.
Select the transport protocol (Any, TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP or ICMP) that will be used for the filter rule.
Select either IP address or Netmask to show different items.
Source IP Address
Enter the start and end IP address for the range of IP addresses which you are creating the filter
rule.
Source IP Address &
This is the IP address and their associated subnets for which you are creating the filter rule.
Source Subnet Mask
The Source Port is the TCP/UDP port on either the LAN or WAN depending on if you are configuring an Outbound or
Inbound Filter rule.
The Destination Port is the TCP/UDP port on either the LAN or WAN depending on if you are configuring an Outbound or
Inbound Filter rule.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Parental Control
Use this window to deny access to specified MAC address.
If you are setting up the MAC address blocking, click the Add button.
MAC address is a specially formatted text string (xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx) that
uniquely identification of a device. This section will allow users to block
devices with certain MAC addresses on the LAN.
To configure for MAC address blocking, enter the username into the
Username field, click Browser’s MAC Address to have MAC address of
the LAN device, or click Other MAC Address and enter a MAC address
manually. Tick the checkboxes for the desired individual days of the week
and enter desired Start Blocking Time and End Blocking Time.
Click the Save/Apply button to save the configuration
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Section 3 – Configuration
URL Filter
This window allows you to set up URL Filter on the Router.
Choose URL List Type Exclude or Include first and click Add
button.
Enter the URL address and port number then click Save/Apply to
add the entry to the URL filter.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Quality of Service
QoS or Quality of Service allows your Router to help prioritize the data packet flow in your Router and network. This is very important for time
sensitive applications such as VoIP where it may help prevent dropped calls. Large amounts of non-critical data can be scaled so as not to affect
these prioritized sensitive real-time programs.
To access the QoS – Queue Management Configuration window, click the Quality of Service button in the Advanced Setup directory.
This window allows you to set up QoS on the Router. When you are
finished, click on the Save/Apply button.
Queue Config
Click the Add button to add a QoS Queue Configuration table entry.
This window allows you to configure a QoS queue entry and assign it a
specific network interface.
Click the Save/Apply button to save and activate the filter.
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Section 3 – Configuration
QoS Classification
Choose Add or Remove to configure network traffic classes.
Use this window to create a traffic class rule to classify the upstream
traffic, assign a queue that defines the precedence and the interface, and
optionally overwrite the IP header DSCP byte. A rule consists of a class
name and at least one condition. Please remember that all of the specified
conditions on this window must be met for the rule to take effect.
Click the Save/Apply button to save and activate this rule.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Routing
To access the Routing windows, click the Routing button in the Advanced Setup directory.
Default Gateway
If the Enable Automatic Assigned Default Gateway checkbox is ticked, the
Router will accept the first default gateway assignment received from one
of the enabled PPPoA, PPPoE, or MER/DHCP enabled PVC(s).
If this checkbox is not ticked, enter the static default gateway and/or a
WAN interface. Click the Save/Apply button when you are finished.
Static Route
Click the Add button on the Routing – Static Route window to access the
following window displayed on the next page.
Enter the static routing information for an entry to the routing table.
Click the Save/Apply button when you are finished.
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Section 3 – Configuration
DSL
To access the DSL Settings window, click the DSL Setup button in the Advanced Setup directory.
This window allows you to select the desired modulation, phone line pair,
and capability. Click the Save/Apply button when you are finished.
Click the Advanced Settings button to select a DSL test mode.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Select the desired DSL test mode and then click the Apply button.
Click the Tone Selection button to modify the upstream and downstream
tones.
Select the appropriate upstream and downstream tones for your ADSL
connection. Click the Apply button to let your settings take effect.
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Section 3 – Configuration
PPTP
To access the PPTP Setting window, click the PPTP button in the Advanced Setup directory.
To set up Point-to-Point Tunnel Protocol, tick the Enable check box, enter
the appropriate information in the fields offered, and then click the
Save/Apply button when you are finished.
Interface Group
Interface Group supports multiple ports to PVC and bridging groups. Each group will perform as an independent network.
To support this feature, you must create mapping groups with appropriate
LAN and WAN interfaces using the Add button. The Remove button will
remove the grouping and add the ungrouped interfaces to the Default
group. Only the default group has IP interface.
Choose Enable virtual ports on eth0 button and click Add to do
advanced settings.
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Section 3 – Configuration
This window allows you to create a new interface group.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Diagnostics
Your modem is capable of testing your DSL connection with access to Diagnostics.
This window is used to test connectivity of the Router.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Management
The Management directory features an array of options designed to help you get the most out of your Router.
Settings
To access the Settings - Backup window, click the Settings button in the Management directory.
This window allows you to backup your DSL Router configurations.
Click the Backup Settings button to save your Router
configurations to a file on your computer.
This window allows Update DSL router settings. You may update
your router settings using your saved files.
Click the Update Settings button to update your Router
configurations with a file on your computer.
This window allows Restore DSL router settings to the factory
defaults.
Click the Restore DSL Settings button to restore DSL router
settings to the factory defaults.
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Section 3 – Configuration
System Log
These windows allow you to view the System Log and configure the System Log options. To access the System Log window, click the System Log
button in the Management directory.
Click the View System Log button to view the System Log.
Click the Configure System Log button to configure the System Log
options.
Click on the Refresh button to refresh the system log settings.
System Log – Configuration
The system log displays chronological event log data. The event log can
be read from local host or sent to a System Log server. The available
event severity levels are: Emergency, Alert, Critical, Error, Warning,
Notice, Informational, and Debugging.
This window allows you to log selected events. When you are finished,
click the Save/Apply button.
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Section 3 – Configuration
SNMP Agent
To access the SNMP – Configuration window, click the SNMP Agent button in the Management directory.
Simple Network Management Protocol allows a management application
to retrieve statistics and status from the SNMP agent in the Router. When
you are finished, click the Save/Apply button.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Access Control
To access the Access Control windows, click the Access Control button in the Management directory.
Services
Enable or disable the desired LAN services. When you are finished, click
the Save/Apply button.
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Section 3 – Configuration
IP Address
This window allows you to enable or disable Access Control Mode. To
add an IP address management station, click the Add button.
Enter the IP address of the management station permitted to access the
local management services. When you are finished, click the Save/Apply
button.
Passwords
This window allows you to change the password on the Router. When
you are finished, click the Save/Apply button.
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Section 3 – Configuration
Update Software
To access the Tools - Update Software window, click the Update Software button in the Management directory.
This window allows you to update the Router’s software.
Save/Reboot
To access this window, click the Save/Reboot button in the Management directory.
To save your settings and reboot the system, click the Save/Reboot
button.
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Appendix A – Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides solutions to problems that might occur during the installation and operation of the DSL-2540U. Read the following
descriptions if you are having problems. (The examples below are illustrated in Windows® XP. If you have a different operating system, the
screenshots on your computer will look similar to the following examples.)
1.
How do I configure my DSL-2540U Router without the CD-ROM?
•
•
•
•
Note:
2.
Please refer to the next section “Networking Basics” to check your PC’s IP configuration if you can’t see the login windows.
How do I reset my Router to the factory default settings?
•
•
•
3.
Connect your PC to the Router using an Ethernet cable.
Open a web browser and enter the address http://192.168.1.1
The default username is ‘admin’ and the default password is ‘admin’.
If you have changed the password and cannot remember it, you will need to reset the Router to the factory default setting (see question 2),
which will set the password back to ‘admin’.
Ensure the Router is powered on.
Press and hold the reset button on the back of the device for approximately 5 to 8 seconds.
This process should take around 30~60 seconds.
What can I do if my Router is not working correctly?
There are a few quick steps you can take to try and resolve any issues:
• Follow the directions in Question 2 to reset the Router.
• Check that all the cables are firmly connected at both ends.
• Check the LEDs on the front of the Router. The Power indicator should be on, the Status indicator should flash, and the DSL and LAN
indicators should be on as well.
• Please ensure that the settings in the Web-based configuration manager, e.g. ISP username and password, are the same as the settings
that have been provided by your ISP.
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Appendix A – Troubleshooting
4.
Why can’t I get an Internet connection?
For ADSL ISP users, please contact your ISP to make sure the service has been enabled/connected by your ISP and that your ISP username and
password are correct.
5.
What can I do if my router can’t be detected by running installation CD?
•
•
•
•
Note:
Ensure the Router is powered on.
Check that all the cables are firmly connected at both ends and all LEDs work correctly.
Ensure only one network interface card on your PC is activated.
Click on Start > Control Panel > Security Center to disable the setting of Firewall.
There might be a potential security issue if you disable the setting of Firewall on your PC. Please remember to turn it back on once you have finished
the whole installation procedure and can surf on Internet without any problem.
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Appendix B - Networking Basics
Networking Basics
Check Your IP Address
After you install your new D-Link adapter, by default, the TCP/IP settings should be set to obtain an IP address from a DHCP server (i.e. wireless
router) automatically. To verify your IP address, please follow the steps below.
Click on Start > Run. In the run box type cmd and click on the OK.
At the prompt, type ipconfig and press Enter.
This will display the IP address, subnet mask, and the default
gateway of your adapter.
If the address is 0.0.0.0, check your adapter installation, security
settings, and the settings on your router. Some firewall software
programs may block a DHCP request on newly installed adapters.
If you are connecting to a wireless network at a hotspot (e.g. hotel,
coffee shop, airport), please contact an employee or administrator
to verify their wireless network settings.
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Appendix B - Networking Basics
Statically Assign an IP Address
If your DHCP is disabled, or you need to assign a static IP address, please follow the steps below:
Step 1
Windows® XP - Click on Start > Control Panel > Network Connections.
Windows® 2000 - From the desktop, right-click on the My Network Places > Properties.
Step 2
Right-click on the Local Area Connection which represents your D-Link network adapter and select Properties.
Step 3
Highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click on the Properties.
Step 4
Click on the Use the following IP address and enter an IP address that is on the same subnet as
your network or the LAN IP address on your router.
Example: If the router’s LAN IP address is 192.168.1.1, make your IP address 192.168.1.X where X
is a number between 2 and 99. Make sure that the number you choose is not in use on the network.
Set Default Gateway the same as the LAN IP address of your router (192.168.1.1).
Set Primary DNS the same as the LAN IP address of your router (192.168.1.1). The Secondary
DNS is not needed or you may enter a DNS server from your ISP.
Step 5
Click on the OK twice to save your settings.
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Appendix B - Networking Basics
Technical Specification
ADSL Standards
•
•
•
•
ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
ITU G.992.1 (G.dmt) AnnexA
ITU G.992.2 (G.lite) Annex A
ITU G.994.1 (G.hs)
ADSL2 Standards
•
ITU G.992.3 (G.dmt.bis) Annex A
ADSL2+ Standards
• ITU G.992.5 Annex A
Protocols
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
IEEE 802.1d Spanning
Tree
TCP/UDP
ARP
RARP
ICMP
RFC1058 RIP v1
RFC1213 SNMP v1 & v2c
RFC1334 PAP
RFC1389 RIP v2
RFC1577 Classical IP over
ATM
D-Link DSL-2540U User Manual
•
•
•
•
•
•
RFC1483/2684
Multiprotocol
Encapsulation over ATM
Adaptation Layer 5 (AAL5)
RFC1661 Point to Point
Protocol
RFC1994 CHAP
RFC2131 DHCP Client /
DHCP Server
RFC2364 PPP over ATM
RFC2516 PPP over
Ethernet
Appendix B - Networking Basics
Data Transfer Rate
•
•
•
•
G.dmt full rate downstream: up to 8 Mbps / upstream: up to 1 Mbps
G.lite: ADSL downstream up to 1.5 Mbps / upstream up to 512 Kbps
G.dmt.bis full rate downstream: up to 12 Mbps / upstream: up to 1 Mbps
ADSL full rate downstream: up to 24 Mbps / upstream: up to 1 Mbps
Media Interface
•
•
ADSL interface: RJ-11 connector for connection to 24/26 AWG twisted pair telephone line
LAN interface: RJ-45 port for 10/100BASE-T Ethernet connection
Certification:
•
This device complies with Part15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation
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