RAD Data comm LA-210 User`s manual

RADview-EMS/NGN
Element Management System for NGN Applications
LA-210
© 1994–2008 RAD Data Communications
Publication 07/08
Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1
1.2
Overview of LA-210 ................................................................................................... 1-1
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Overview ................................................................................... 1-2
Overview of the RADview FCAPS Model ................................................................... 1-2
System Level Operations ......................................................................................... 1-3
Chapter 2. Installation and Operation
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
Network Management Options ................................................................................... 2-2
Pre-configuring LA-210 for Network Management ...................................................... 2-2
Connecting a Terminal to the Control Port ............................................................... 2-3
Configuring the Host Parameters ............................................................................ 2-3
Configuring the Management Access ....................................................................... 2-4
Adding a Network Management Station (NMS) ........................................................ 2-4
Configuring the SNMP Communities......................................................................... 2-6
Connecting LA-210 to Network Management Stations ................................................ 2-7
Inband Management ............................................................................................... 2-7
Out-of-Band Management ...................................................................................... 2-7
Launching RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 .................................................................................. 2-8
Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI) ..................................................................... 2-9
LA-210 View Window .............................................................................................. 2-9
Title Bar ............................................................................................................. 2-9
Menu Bar ........................................................................................................... 2-9
Toolbar ............................................................................................................ 2-10
Status Bar ........................................................................................................ 2-10
LA-210 System ..................................................................................................... 2-11
RADview LA-210 Menu Maps ................................................................................. 2-12
Selecting the System ............................................................................................ 2-14
Selecting Ports...................................................................................................... 2-14
Front Panel Connectors ......................................................................................... 2-15
Indicators and LEDs .............................................................................................. 2-15
Port Status Indicators ....................................................................................... 2-15
LEDs ................................................................................................................ 2-16
Chapter 3. Configuration Management
3.1
3.2
Setting the System Parameters .................................................................................. 3-2
Viewing and Specifying Device Information .............................................................. 3-2
Setting System Date and Time ................................................................................ 3-4
Setting the Operational Parameters............................................................................ 3-6
Viewing and Configuring SHDSL Port Parameters ..................................................... 3-6
Viewing and Configuring Ethernet Port Parameters .................................................. 3-9
Configuring System Parameters............................................................................. 3-11
Configuring SHDSL Lines ....................................................................................... 3-11
Configuring the Flows ........................................................................................... 3-14
Configuring the Quality of Service..................................................................... 3-14
Adding, Editing and Removing Flows ................................................................. 3-23
Configuring OAM (CFM) ......................................................................................... 3-30
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
i
Table of Contents
3.3
User’s Manual
Configuring Bridge Parameters .............................................................................. 3-34
Configuring the VLAN Membership .................................................................... 3-38
Configuring MAC Tables .................................................................................... 3-39
Configuring QoS ............................................................................................... 3-40
Configuring Fault Propagation ............................................................................... 3-42
Additional Tasks ....................................................................................................... 3-43
Resetting the Agent .............................................................................................. 3-43
Resetting the Configuration .................................................................................. 3-43
Chapter 4. Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
Configuring the ETX-202 and LA-210 Units ................................................................. 4-2
Configuration Sequence ............................................................................................. 4-2
Configuring the System Parameters ............................................................................ 4-4
Configuring Host IP Parameters ............................................................................... 4-4
Configuring ETX-202 Server and Client .................................................................... 4-4
Configuring ETX-202 Server ................................................................................ 4-5
Configuring ETX-202 Client ................................................................................. 4-6
Connecting LA-210 to the Management Station ......................................................... 4-8
Adding LA-210 to the Management Console ............................................................ 4-8
Launching the LA-210 View Window........................................................................ 4-8
Configuring LA-210 .................................................................................................... 4-9
Configuring LA-210 for Advanced Configuration .................................................... 4-13
Configuring the DSLAM ......................................................................................... 4-21
Using the Setup to Screen a Movie ........................................................................... 4-22
Using the VLC Media Player ................................................................................... 4-22
Testing the Flow Based Configuration....................................................................... 4-23
Ping Tests ............................................................................................................. 4-23
Policer Testing ...................................................................................................... 4-24
Priority Testing ..................................................................................................... 4-31
Using the Previously Configured Priority............................................................ 4-31
Defining the Same Priority to All Frames ........................................................... 4-34
Chapter 5. Performance Management
5.1
5.2
5.3
ii
Viewing System Statistics ........................................................................................... 5-2
Polling the Agent .................................................................................................... 5-2
Setting the Polling Interval.................................................................................. 5-2
Viewing Flow Statistics ............................................................................................ 5-3
Viewing Service Statistics ................................................................................... 5-7
Clearing All Statistics ............................................................................................. 5-11
Viewing SHDSL Port Statistics ................................................................................... 5-11
Viewing Line Statistics........................................................................................... 5-11
Viewing PCS Statistics ........................................................................................... 5-14
Viewing ATM Statistics .......................................................................................... 5-14
Viewing VCC Statistics ........................................................................................... 5-16
Viewing Ethernet Port Statistics................................................................................ 5-17
Viewing Rx Frame Types ........................................................................................ 5-17
Viewing Tx Frame Types ........................................................................................ 5-18
Viewing Errors....................................................................................................... 5-19
Clearing All Statistics ............................................................................................. 5-21
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
5.4
Table of Contents
Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics ................................................................................... 5-21
Accessing the OAM (CFM) Statistics Dialog ............................................................ 5-21
Viewing Running Counters..................................................................................... 5-22
Viewing Current Frames ........................................................................................ 5-23
Viewing Current Delays ......................................................................................... 5-24
Viewing Interval Frames ........................................................................................ 5-25
Viewing Interval Delays ......................................................................................... 5-26
Chapter 6. Security Management
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
Understanding RADview User Security Levels .............................................................. 6-1
Monitor .................................................................................................................. 6-2
Technician .............................................................................................................. 6-3
Operator ................................................................................................................ 6-3
Administrator ......................................................................................................... 6-3
Configuring Host Parameters ...................................................................................... 6-3
Configuring SNMP ...................................................................................................... 6-4
Configuring Management Access ................................................................................ 6-6
Chapter 7. Fault Management
7.1
7.2
Managing the Event Reporting for OAM (CFM) ............................................................ 7-1
Managing the History Log........................................................................................... 7-6
Viewing the History Log .......................................................................................... 7-6
Clearing the History Log .......................................................................................... 7-9
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
iii
Table of Contents
iv
User’s Manual
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Chapter 1
Introduction
This chapter provides an overview for managing LA-210 using the RADviewEMS/NGN LA-210 management solution. It introduces the graphical user
interface. It is assumed that you are familiar with basic RADview-EMS/NGN
operations. For more information about basic RADview-EMS/NGN operations,
refer to the RADview-EMS/NGN (PC) or (UNIX) User's Manual.
This chapter contains the following topics:
•
Overview of LA-210
•
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Overview
ƒ
Overview of the RADview FCAPS Model
ƒ
System Level Operations.
1.1
Overview of LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 is an advanced DSL Ethernet access device operating at
rates of up to 22 Mbps using G.SHDSL.bis EFM bonding technology (TC-PAM 16 or
TC-PAM 32 line coding technologies) to transmit data rates of up to 5.7 Mbps
over each copper pair with EFM bonding (2-wire line).
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 supports multiple data rates and works in full duplex mode
over 2-wire, 4-wire, or 8-wire lines.
In addition to the EFM mode, RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 operates the SHDSL link in
ATM mode to be compatible with the existing DSLAM infrastructure.
EFM bonding ensures that a failure or addition of a link does not drop the traffic
being transmitted over the other wires in the group, nor is the capacity of the
group decreased when a new link is added at lower rate. This is particularly
relevant for operators offering Ethernet services in the First Mile where fiber is
absent or impractical to install.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 implements the IEEE.1Q standards to provide VLAN-tagging
with four levels of prioritization, enabling carriers to offer differentiated Ethernet
services. VLAN tagging can also be employed to separate traffic, ensuring
transparency of the customer traffic and bolstering security of management
traffic.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 provides monitoring, control, and diagnostics of local and
remote units via a terminal supervisory port.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Overview of LA-210
1-1
Chapter 1 Introduction
User’s Manual
1.2
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Overview
This chapter explains the steps required to get the RADview-EMS/NGN LA-210
management system for LA-210 version 1.5 up and running. It describes the
graphical user interface, configurations, security and fault management. Specific
tasks possible with RADview-EMS/NGN LA-210 are dealt with in the subsequent
chapters in this manual. All the configurations and management support in this
manual are tasks that can be performed with RADview.
The RADview-EMS/NGN management system for LA-210 provides you with all the
tools necessary to monitor the performance and configure the device parameters
for its local and remote devices.
The RADview-EMS/NGN management system for LA-210 units is accessed in two
levels:
•
System Level
•
Port Level:
ƒ
SHDSL
ƒ
10/100BASE-T
Overview of the RADview FCAPS Model
RADview provides a complete management solution for monitoring and
controlling the RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 system. The RADview solutions conform to
ITU-T Telecommunication Management Network (TMN) recommendations for
SNMP management systems, known as the FCAPS model:
1-2
•
Fault management – detects and correlates fault in network devices, isolates
faults, and initiates recovery actions.
•
Configuration management – tracks configuration changes, and configures,
installs, and distributes software and configuration files across the network.
•
Accounting management – collects accounting data and generates network
usage reports.
•
Performance management – continuously monitors network performance
(QoS, CoS) and resource allocation.
•
Security management – controls and restricts access to network resources.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Overview
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 1 Introduction
System Level Operations
Table 1-1 lists the management tasks that are available when you select the
entire system.
Table 1-1. Mapping of FCAPS Functions to RADview-EMS/NGN LA-210 Menu Paths and Sections in
this Manual
FCAPS
Component
Function
Device Level
Path in RVEMS/NGN LA210
Port Level
Section in
this Manual
Path in RVEMS/NGN LA210
Section in
this Manual
Fault > History
Log
Fault
Management
Clearing the system
log buffer
Fault > Clear
History Log
Clearing
Alarms in the
Alarm Buffer -
Chapter 7
Configuration
Management
Viewing and
configuring system
information
Configuration
> System Info
Configuring
System
Information
- Chapter 3
Setting system date
and time
Configuration
> Date & Time
Setting
System Date
and Time
- Chapter 3
Configuring fault
propagation
Configuration
> Fault
Propagation
Configuring
Fault
Propagation
- Chapter 3
Configuring flow
settings
Configuration
> Flows
Configuring
Flow Settings
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> Bridge >
Parameters
Configuring
Bridge
Settings
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> Bridge >
Ports
Configuring
Bridge
Settings
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> Bridge >
VLAN
Membership
Configuring
Bridge
Settings
- Chapter 3
(Bridge mode)
Configuring bridge
settings
(Bridge mode)
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Overview
1-3
Chapter 1 Introduction
FCAPS
Component
Function
Device Level
Port Level
Path in RVEMS/NGN LA210
Section in
this Manual
Configuration
> Bridge >
MAC Table
Configuring
Bridge
Settings
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> QoS >
Classification
Configuring
Quality of
Service (QoS)
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> QoS >
Mapping
Configuring
Quality of
Service (QoS)
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> QoS >
Ingress BW
Profiles
Configuring
Quality of
Service (QoS)
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> QoS > Rate
Limitation
Configuring
Quality of
Service (QoS)
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> QoS > CoS
Profiles
Configuring
Quality of
Service (QoS)
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> QoS >
Marking
Profiles
Configuring
Quality of
Service (QoS)
- Chapter 3
Configuration
> QoS >
Internal
Queue Profiles
Configuring
Quality of
Service (QoS)
- Chapter 3
Resetting the system
hardware
Configuration
> Reset > HW
Resetting the
System
Hardware
- Chapter 3
Resetting system
configurations
Configuration
> Reset >
Config
Resetting
System
Configuration
- Chapter 3
Configuring QoS
parameters
(Bridge mode)
Configuring QoS
parameters
(Flow mode)
1-4
User’s Manual
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Overview
Path in RVEMS/NGN LA210
Section in
this Manual
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
FCAPS
Component
Chapter 1 Introduction
Function
Polling the Agent
Device Level
Port Level
Path in RVEMS/NGN LA210
Section in
this Manual
Configuration
> Poll Agent
Polling the
Agent
Configuration
- Chapter 3
Viewing and
configuring Ethernet
port parameters
Performance
Management
Setting the polling
interval for updating
statistics in dialog
boxes
Statistics >
Polling Interval
Viewing and
modifying the Host
parameters
Options >
Host
Section in
this Manual
Configuration
> Parameters
Viewing and
Configuring
Ethernet Port
Parameters
- Chapter 3
Statistics > Rx
Frame Types
Port Statistics
- Chapter 5
Statistics > Tx
Frame Types
Port Statistics
- Chapter 5
Statistics >
Errors
Port Statistics
- Chapter 5
Statistics >
Clear Statistics
Port Statistics
- Chapter 5
Setting the
Polling Interval
- Chapter 5
Viewing port
statistics
Security
Management
Path in RVEMS/NGN LA210
Configuring
Host
Parameters -
Chapter 6
Configuring SNMP
Options >
Manager List
Configuring
SNMP
- Chapter 6
Configuring
Management Access
Options >
Access
Configuring
Management
Access
- Chapter 6
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Overview
1-5
Chapter 1 Introduction
1-6
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Overview
User’s Manual
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Chapter 2
Installation and Operation
This chapter explains the installation and operation required to get the RADviewEMS/NGN system for LA-210 up and running. It also describes the RADviewEMS/NGN LA-210 graphic user interface (GUI) and how to select the system and
its ports.
This chapter explains how to perform the following tasks:
•
Network Management Options
•
Pre-configuring LA-210 for Network Management
•
ƒ
Connecting a Terminal to the Control Port
ƒ
Configuring the Host Parameters
ƒ
Configuring the Management Access
ƒ
Adding a Network Management Station (NMS)
ƒ
Configuring the SNMP Communities
Connecting LA-210 to Network Management Stations
ƒ
Inband Management
ƒ
Out-of-Band Management
•
Launching RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
•
Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
ƒ
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
LA-210 View Window
…
Title Bar
…
Menu Bar
…
Toolbar
…
Status Bar
ƒ
LA-210 System
ƒ
RADview LA-210 Menu Maps
ƒ
Selecting the System
ƒ
Selecting Ports
ƒ
Front Panel Connectors
ƒ
Indicators and LEDs
…
Port Status Indicators
…
LEDs.
Network Management Options
2-1
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
2.1
User’s Manual
Network Management Options
LA-210 units have a local management subsystem that controls the operation of
all of its circuits. The subsystem supports various management interfaces,
including inband and out-of-band SNMP management (for example, RADview),
Telnet, and local management via an ASCII terminal or a Web browser. RADview
management software is typically used to support large networks.
Some parameters, such as the Operation Mode, CANNOT be changed from within
RADview, since they are read only parameters. However, you can use the built-in
management menu-driven interface of the LA-210 to configure the operational
mode. The configuration menus are accessible from a serial connection to the
device control port or using the Telnet protocol via a connection to the Ethernet
LAN port. For complete information about managing LA-210 using the terminal,
see the LA-210 Installation and Operation Manual.
Note
• Changing the Operation Mode erases some parameters, such as the Ethernet
host IP, and disconnects any remote management sessions.
• Changing the Ethernet host IP address disconnects any remote management
sessions. For RADview management, you would have to add the new managed
element (host) IP address to the EMS or SNMPc map.
RADview management software is used for managing large networks. RADview
uses SNMP messages to manage LA-210 can be managed by a network
management station (NMS) via one of the unit’s Ethernet ports. The connection
can be made either from a local LAN, or from a remote location, via a PSN
connected to one of the ETX Ethernet ports.
2.2
Pre-configuring LA-210 for Network
Management
LA-210 can be managed by a network management station which is located on
the LAN connected to the one of the unit’s Ethernet ports.
To remotely administer LA-210 via a Network Management Station (NMS), it is
necessary to first configure the basic LA-210 parameters via an ASCII terminal
command line interface (CLI) session to the LA-210 Control Port. The following
steps are required:
2-2
•
Connecting a terminal to the control port
•
Configuring the host parameters
•
Entering device information
•
Configuring LA-210 communities
•
Configuring the host encapsulation
•
Configuring the network managers
•
Controlling management access
•
Configuring control port parameters.
Pre-configuring LA-210 for Network Management
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
Connecting a Terminal to the Control Port
In order to configure the basic IP parameters, it is necessary to connect an ASCII
terminal to the LA-210 control port and log in.
³
To configure the LA-210 system parameters:
1. Configure an ASCII terminal as follows:
ƒ
Bits per second: 115,200
ƒ
Data bits: 8
ƒ
Parity: None
ƒ
Stop bits: 1
ƒ
Flow control: None.
ƒ
VT100 emulation.
2. Connect the terminal to the LA-210 CONTROL port.
3. Press <Enter> several times (to allow LA-210 to detect the rate).
4. Initiate the control session by entering the Administrator user name and
password.
Configuring the Host Parameters
LA-210 allows entering IP parameters manually or using parameters acquired
from the DHCP server.
³
To configure the Host parameters:
1. Display the Host menu (Configuration > System > Management > Host).
2. Select IP Address to define the host IP address.
3. Select IP Mask to define the host IP mask.
4. Select Default Gateway to set the default gateway IP address.
5. Select Default IP to enter a default IP address. Configuring a default IP
address is necessary if you want to preserve a Telnet or HTTP connection to
LA-210 after having disabled its DHCP client.
Note
The default gateway must be in the same subnet as the host.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Pre-configuring LA-210 for Network Management
2-3
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
User’s Manual
LA-210
Configuration>System>Management>Host
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
IP Address
Mask
Default Gateway
Read Community
Write Community
Trap Community
Encapsulation
(0.0.0.0)
(255.255.255.0)
(0.0.0.0)
(public)
(private)
(public)
>
>
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &-exit
1 Mngr/s
Figure 2-1. Host Menu (LA-210)
Configuring the Management Access
LA-210 allows you to enable access to the management system via an SNMP
application.
³
To configure the Management Access:
•
Display the Management Access menu (Configuration > System >
Management > Management Access), and set SNMP Access to Enable.
LA-210
Configuration>System>Management>Management Access
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
User Access
RADIUS Parameters
TELNET/SSH access
SNMP Access
WEB Access
Access Policy
>
>
>
>
>
>
(Enable)
(Enable)
(Enable)
(Enable Remote)
>
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &-exit
1 Mngr/s
Figure 2-2. Management Access Menu (LA-210)
Adding a Network Management Station (NMS)
In order to remotely configure LA-210, the NMS needs to be listed in the
Manager List. NMS configuration defines the IP address of a new network
management station (NMS), and the enterprise-specific traps that will be sent to
the new network management station.
The maximum number of network management stations is 10. If this number is
exceeded, you must delete an existing station.
Each NMS is automatically assigned an index number in the range of 1 to 10.
2-4
Pre-configuring LA-210 for Network Management
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
When you allow sending general and alarm traps to a network manager, you can
mask or unmask each trap (general or interface-specific). See the following
section.
To add a network management station:
³
1. From the Management menu (Configuration > System > Management), select
Managers List.
The Managers List menu appears (see Figure 2-3).
2. In the Managers list, select the IP address, which is 0.0.0.0 by default, and
then select Change Cell.
The Manager is assigned.
3. To mask or unmask a manager, select the desired manager’s Manager Trap
Mask entry and select Change Cell.
LA-210
Configuration>System>Management>Managers List
Manager ID
1.
Manager IP
0.0.0.0
Manager Trap Mask
Mask
2.
0.0.0.0
Unmask
3.
0.0.0.0
Unmask
4.
0.0.0.0
Unmask
5.
0.0.0.0
Unmask
6.
0.0.0.0
Unmask
7.
0.0.0.0
Unmask
8.
0.0.0.0
Unmask
9.
0.0.0.0
Unmask
10.
0.0.0.0
Unmask
1. Change Cell
A – add R – remove X – clear table
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &-exit; ?-help
Figure 2-3. Manager List Menu (LA-210)
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Pre-configuring LA-210 for Network Management
2-5
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
User’s Manual
Configuring the SNMP Communities
LA-210 allows you to specify the communities under which the ETX management
agent accepts SNMP command.
³
To configure the authentication community:
1. Display the Host (Management) menu (Configuration >System >Management
>Host), and configure the following parameters:
2. Configure the desired parameters:
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Read Community to enter the name of a community with read-only
authorization.
Write Community to enter the name of a community with write
authorization.
Trap Community to enter the name of a community to which LA-210
sends traps.
3. Type S to save the changes.
Note
The community names are case sensitive.
LA-210
Configuration>System>Management>Host
1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
IP Address
Mask
Default Gateway
Read Community
Write Community
Trap Community
Encapsulation
(0.0.0.0)
(255.255.255.0)
(0.0.0.0)
(public)
(private)
(public)
>
>
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &-exit
1 Mngr/s
Figure 2-4. Host Menu (LA-210)
2-6
Pre-configuring LA-210 for Network Management
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
2.3
Connecting LA-210 to Network Management
Stations
LA-210 can be managed by a network management station (NMS) via of the unit
Ethernet ports. The connection can be made either from a local LAN, or from a
remote location, via a PSN connected to one of the ETX Ethernet ports.
Inband Management
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 can be managed via SNMP by a Network Management
Station (NMS) over one of unit’s SHDSL uplink ports.
³
To connect LA-210 to the Network Management Station:
1. Verify that the management parameters are properly configured.
2. Connect an Ethernet ports to the PSN on which management traffic from an
authorized NMS flows.
Out-of-Band Management
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 can be managed via SNMP by a Network Management
Station (NMS) on the LAN (hub or switch) connected to the one of the unit’s
Ethernet ports.
³
To connect LA-210 to the Network Management Station:
1. Connect one of the Ethernet links to a port of an Ethernet switch or hub
serving the network to which the NMS is connected.
2. Make sure that the physical port connected to the NMS network is not bound
to a bridge.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Connecting LA-210 to Network Management Stations
2-7
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
2.4
User’s Manual
Launching RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Begin using RADview-EMS/NGN LA-210 by launching the respective LA-210 View
window.
³
To launch the LA-210 View window:
•
On the map, select and double-click the LA-210 icon.
The respective LA-210 View window opens. You can now perform
configuration and monitoring functions in the entire LA-210 system.
Figure 2-5. SNMPc Management Console
2-8
Launching RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
2.5
Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
From the LA-210 View window, you can configure and monitor all the LA-210
system elements.)
LA-210 View Window
The RADview-EMS/NGN LA-210 View window displays a dynamic graphical
representation of the LA-210 front and back panels. The view varies per LA-210
and per number of ports in the device:
•
Title bar
•
Main menu bar
•
Toolbar
•
LA-210 device (front and back panel views):
•
ƒ
Front panel: includes several LEDs indicating statuses of power, Ethernet
links, and alarms
ƒ
Back panel: includes AC/DC power connector, network and user Ethernet
ports, and V.24 terminal connector
Status bar.
Title Bar
Figure 2-6. Title Bar
The title bar (at the top of the View window) displays the name or IP address of
the element given on the Network station (SNMPc or HPOV) and whether the
device is connected or disconnected.
Menu Bar
Figure 2-7. Main Menu Bar
The main menu bar has drop-down sub-menus. Click a menu to display all the
items in that menu. The menu items allow you to perform operations related to
the selected elements in the LA-210 system. The menus are context sensitive;
menu items are enabled or disabled as applicable to the selected element.
In addition to using the menu bar, operations related to specific elements can
also be performed using pop-up menus activated by right-clicking the mouse over
the selected element.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
2-9
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
User’s Manual
Toolbar
System Level
Port Level
Figure 2-8. Toolbars
Below the menu bar appears toolbar icons that allow you to perform specific LA210 operations related to the selected elements in the LA-210 system with a
single mouse-click. This toolbar is context sensitive; the icons displayed change
depending on the LA-210 element currently selected.
Table 2-1. Toolbar Buttons
Icon
Name
Function
System Info
Displays system info
Poll Agent
Poll system
User’s Manual
Displays online help file of user’s manaual
Status Bar
Figure 2-9. LA-210 Status Bar
The LA-210 status bar appears at the bottom of the View window and indicates
the current state of the system, as summarized in Table 2-2.
Table 2-2. Status Types and Descriptions
2-10
Status
Description
Working
Connection to the device is in progress
Waiting
Waiting for connection to the device
Interrupted
Connection to the device failed (time-out)
Ready
Connection to the device is successful
Polling
Device polling is in progress.
Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
LA-210 System
The main, central workspace of the View window is a dynamic graphical
representation of the front and back panels of the LA-210 device. In this
workspace you can select the system or the network or user ports to invoke
specific menu commands to perform activities, such as configuration and fault
management.
Note that you can right-click the mouse over selected elements to invoke the
relevant menu commands.
When you perform certain activities, such as clicking the System Information
button, a dialog box is displayed (in a secondary window) on top of the LA-210
View window.
Figure 2-10. LA-210 System
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
2-11
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
User’s Manual
RADview LA-210 Menu Maps
Configuration
Fault
Event Report
Configuration for
OAM (CFM)
Services
System Info
Date and Time
System Parameters
History Log
SHDSL Lines
Statistics
Options
Help
Polling Interval
Host
User’s Manual
Flows Statistics
Manager List
About LA-210
OAM (CFM)
Access
Clear History Log
Bridge
Clear All Statistics
Parameters
Ports
VLAN Membership
MAC Table
Flows
QoS
Classification
Mapping
OAM (CFM)
Fault Propagation
Reset
HW
Configuration
Poll Agent
Exit
Figure 2-11. System Level Menu Map
Note
• Some parameters are unavailable, depending on whether the unit operates in
Flow mode or Bridge mode.
• These menus are also available as shortcut menus upon right-click anywhere in
the system view.
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Figure 2-12. Port Level Menu Map – Ethernet Ports
Configuration
Fault
Statistics
Options
Help
Line Status
Line
User’s Manual
Parameters
PCS
About LA-210
Logical Layer
Parameters
ATM
VCC
Clear Statistics
Figure 2-13. Port Level Menu Map – Ethernet Ports
Note
• Some parameters are unavailable, depending on whether the unit operates in
Flow mode or Bridge mode.
• These menus are also available as shortcut menus upon right-click anywhere in
the system view.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
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Selecting the System
Before you can perform system operations, you must first select the system in
the LA-210 View window.
The network and user ports may be selected. All other areas that are not ports
will represent the system and a frame around the panel will be displayed.
The default selection is the system.
³
To select the system:
•
Click inside the LA-210 View window. Ensure that no border surrounds any of
the ports in the window.
A blue border outlines the respective LA-210 device, indicating that the
whole system is selected. (The main view includes the front and back
panels of the device.)
Figure 2-14. LA-210 System Selected in the View Window
The LA-210 application opens with a specific IP address. The NMS discovers the
device by recognizing the IP address it was designated.
Selecting Ports
Before you can perform port operations, you must first select a port in the LA210 View window (see Selecting the System on page 2-12 for available LA-210
ports).
³
To select a port:
•
In the LA-210 View window, click a port to select it.
A blue border outlines the selected port, indicating that it is selected.
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User’s Manual
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
Figure 2-15. LA-210 Port Selected in the View Window
Front Panel Connectors
Table 2-3 lists the ports and connectors of LA-210.
Table 2-3. LA-210 Ports and Connectors
Name
Number of
Ports
Connector Type
Control
1
DB9
SHDSL
1 or 2
RJ-45
10/100/1000BASE-T
1–4
RJ-45
Indicators and LEDs
This section provides lists and color/status descriptions of the LA-210 device LED
indicators.
The LA-210 View window uses the standard RAD color codes to indicate
operational and communication status of the agent, ports, and power supply.
Port Status Indicators
Operational status for ports will be indicated by color within the port itself, based
on polling and trap notifications of interfaces administrational/operational status.
The port status is color-coded in gray, magenta, or light blue.
Table 2-4 lists and describes the port status colors.
There is no indication for the Control and Alarm ports.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
2-15
Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
User’s Manual
Figure 2-16. Port Status Indicators (Blue, Magenta, and Gray)
Table 2-4. Port Status Indicators
Port
Color
Description
SHDSL
Magenta
Errors indicated
Blue
Active test on port
Gray
No errors exist and no tests are running
Magenta
Errors indicated
Blue
Active test on port
Gray
No errors indicated and no tests running
10/100/1000 BASE-T
LEDs
RADview LA-210 displays LED indicators in real-time as they actually appear on
the device. The LED indications describe communication and operation status of
LA-210 and its links (see Table 2-5).
Figure 2-17. LA-210 (Front Panel) LEDs
Table 2-5. LA-210 LED Summary
Name
Function
PWR (green)
On: RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 is on
Off: RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 is off
TST (red)
On: A test is active
Off: A test is inactive
ALM (red)
On: A new alarm is detected in the alarm buffer
Off: No alarm currently detected
WAN (SHDSL SYNC 1, 2, 3, 4 - green/red)
Blinking (green): SHDSL line is being synchronized
Blinking (green/orange): At least one line synchronized and the
second one is trying to.
On (orange): At least one line is synchronized and at least one
line is not.
On (green): All enabled lines are synchronized
Blinking (red): No line is synchronized, at least one line is
trying to synchronize.
On (red): No line is synchronized.
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Name
Function
ETH (LINK/ACT – green/yellow)
On (green): Ethernet link is up
Off: Ethernet link is down
Blinking (yellow): Data is being transferred
E1
Off: Not used
Figure 2-18. LA-210 (Front Panel) LEDs
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
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Chapter 2 Installation and Operation
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Using the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
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RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Chapter 3
Configuration
Management
This chapter discusses how to configure the LA-210 management system using
RADview-EMS/NGN.
This chapter describes how to configure LA-210, and explains how to perform the
following tasks:
•
Configuration Management
ƒ
•
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
…
Viewing and Specifying Device Information
…
Setting System Date and Time
Setting the Operational Parameters
ƒ
Viewing and Configuring SHDSL Port Parameters
ƒ
Viewing and Configuring Ethernet Port Parameters
ƒ
Configuring System Parameters
ƒ
Configuring SHDSL Lines
ƒ
Configuring the Flows
…
Configuring the Quality of Service
…
Adding, Editing and Removing Flows
ƒ
Configuring OAM (CFM)
ƒ
Configuring Bridge Parameters
ƒ
•
Setting the System Parameters
…
Configuring the VLAN Membership
…
Configuring MAC Tables
…
Configuring QoS
Configuring Fault Propagation
Additional Tasks
ƒ
Resetting the Agent
ƒ
Resetting the Configuration
Setting the System Parameters
3-1
Chapter 3 Configuration Management
3.1
User’s Manual
Setting the System Parameters
RADview allows you to view and modify LA-210 configuration. The Configuration
menu provides access to system level configuration.
Figure 3-1. System Level Configuration Menu
The System Info command enables you to view and set physical information
about LA-210.
Viewing and Specifying Device Information
³
To view and specify LA-210 device information:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
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2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > System Info.
Figure 3-2. System Information Dialog Box
3. Fill in the fields, as described in Table 3-1.
4. Click <Set> to implement the changes.
Table 3-1. System Information Dialog Box Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Description
Description of the device, including the full name and version identification of the
device’s hardware type and software operating-system.
Read-Only
Object ID
System identification number
Read-Only
Name
System name
Format: String (32 characters)
Contact
Name of the contact person for this system
Format: String (32 characters)
Location
Physical location of the device
Format: String (32 characters)
System Up Time
Length of time the system has been running.
Format: d: days, hh:mm:ss
Read-Only
Number of Interfaces
Number of network interfaces present in the system.
Read-Only
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Setting the System Parameters
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Chapter 3 Configuration Management
Note
User’s Manual
The System Information Name, Contact, and Location dialog box fields are
enabled, regardless of whether or not there is communication with the agent.
Setting System Date and Time
RADview allows you to set the date and time for the LA-210 internal real-time
clock. In addition, you can configure an SNTP server, to lock LA-210 to a reliable
clock source. .
³
To set system date and time:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Date and Time.
Figure 3-3. Date & Time Dialog Box
3. Fill in the fields, as described in Table 3-2.
4. To change the date, in the Date field, do one of the following:
ƒ
Type a date
OR
ƒ
Click the Date combo box drop-down arrow to display a calendar from
which you can select the date by clicking the relevant option.
5. Click <Apply> to implement the changes.
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Table 3-2. Date & Time Dialog Box Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Date
System date.
Format: yyyy-mm-dd
Note: Can be set when Mode is Unicast Client.
Time
System time.
Format: hh:mm:ss
Note: Can be set when Mode is Unicast Client.
SNTP
Mode
SNTP mode.
Disable
Unicast Client
Time Zone
SNTP time zone.
GMT–12:00
GMT–11:00
…
GMT–1:00
GMT
GMT+1:00
…
GMT+12:00
Note:
Server IP Address
•
Disabled when Mode is Disable.
•
Enabled when Mode is Unicast Client.
IP address of the SNTP server.
Note:
Update Interval (min)
•
Disabled when Mode is Disable.
•
Enabled when Mode is Unicast Client.
SNTP update interval in minutes. Period of time after which LA-210 polls the
SNTP server.
1…1440
Note:
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
•
Disabled when Mode is Disable.
•
Enabled when Mode is Unicast Client..
Setting the System Parameters
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Chapter 3 Configuration Management
3.2
User’s Manual
Setting the Operational Parameters
This section discusses how to manage LA-210 ports for operation using RADview
LA-210.
Managing ports includes the following tasks:
•
Selecting the port
•
Viewing and modifying port parameters
Additional port operations are discussed in the following chapters:
•
Monitoring port performance (see Chapter 5)
•
Configuring event reports for Ethernet ports (see Chapter 7).
•
Diagnostics (see Chapter 7).
Viewing and Configuring SHDSL Port Parameters
RADview allows you to view and modify parameters and monitor the line status.
You view and set parameters for each SHDSL line separately.
Figure 3-4. Port Level Configuration Menu
³
To view and modify SHDSL port parameters:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select an SHDSL line on one of the SHDSL ports
(1, 2, 3 or 4) ports as illustrated in Figure 3-5.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Parameters.
The SHDSL Line Parameter screen is displayed.
3. Configure the relevant SHDSL line as detailed in Table 3-3.
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Setting the Operational Parameters
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
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Chapter 3 Configuration Management
Figure 3-5. SHDSL Port Parameter Screen
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Setting the Operational Parameters
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Table 3-3. SHDSL Port Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Port
Physical port
1–2
Read-only
Note: Can be set when Mode is Unicast Client.
STU
Remote
Read-only
TC Layer
Operational mode
64-65 Octet
Read-only
Wires
Displays the current wire mode.
2 Wire
Read-only
Administrative Status
Indicates whether the link is active or not
Up
Down
Read-only
STU
Remote
Read-only
Name
The index of the PME (physical medium entity), displays the selected PME.
Line 1–4
Transmission Mode
Annex B/G
Power Backoff[db]
Temporarily reducing power while transmitting in order to prevent disturbances
due to a magnetic field (in ms).
0 (Off)
Line Probe
Support for Line Probe of units associated with an SHDSL span.
Enabled
Current SNR Margin
Selects the downstream/upstream current condition target SNR margin in dB. To
enable the slider, check Enable.
-10–21 db
Default: 0 (Disable)
Note: Available only when line probing is enabled.
Worst Case SNR Margin
Selects the downstream/upstream worst-case target SNR margin in dB. To
configure the worst margin. To enable the slider, check Enable.
-10–21 db
Default: 0 (Disable)
Note: Available only when line probing is enabled.
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Setting the Operational Parameters
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
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Chapter 3 Configuration Management
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Loop Attenuation
Threshold
Defines the loop attenuation alarm threshold. To enable the slider, check Enable.
0–127 db
Default: 0
SNR Margin Threshold
This parameter configures the SNR margin alarm threshold. To enable the slider,
check Enable.
0–15 db
Default: 0
Viewing and Configuring Ethernet Port Parameters
You can view and configure Ethernet port parameters for LA-210.
³
To view and modify Ethernet port parameters:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select an Ethernet port.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Parameters.
The Ethernet Port parameters associated with the selected port appear.
Figure 3-6. Ethernet Port Parameters Dialog Box
3. Fill in the fields, as described in Table 3-4.
4. Click <Set> to implement the changes.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Setting the Operational Parameters
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Table 3-4. Ethernet Port Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Name
The selected Ethernet port
ETH-1 – ETH-4
Read-only
Administrative Status
The selected Ethernet port’s administrative status
Up,
Down
Default: Up
Auto Negotiation
Enables or disables auto-negotiation
Enable
Disable
Default: Enable
Flow Control
Used to configure the default administrative PAUSE mode for this interface.
Enable
Disable
Default: Disable
Max Capability
Advertised
Specifies the set of capabilities advertised by the local autonegotiation entity.
10baseT Half Duplex
10baseT Full Duplex
100baseTX Half Duplex
100base TX Full Duplex
Default: 100BaseTX full-duplex
Note: This parameter only appears when autonegotiation is enabled.
Speed & Duplex
The static speed and duplex that the port uses when the autonegotiation is
disabled.
10baseT Half Duplex
10baseT Full Duplex
100baseTX Half Duplex
100base TX Full Duplex
Default: 100BaseTX full-duplex
Note: This parameter only appears when autonegotiation is disabled.
MDIX Auto Cross Over
Enables and disables Auto Cross Over functionality.
Enable
Disable
Default: Enable
Mask Alarms
Masks or unmasks alarms associated with the selected Ethernet port.
Mask
Unmask
DefaulT: Unmask
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Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
OAM (EFM)
Enables/disables IEEE 802.3ah
Enable
Disable
Default: Enable
Ingress Rate Limit
Defines the rate limit
64 – 100000 kbps
Default: 25000 kbps
VLAN Tag Ether Type
Defines the VLAN TAG identifier
0 – FFFF
Default: 8100
Configuring System Parameters
LA-210 can operate in Bridge or Flow mode. You use the System menu on the
System level to choose the desired mode.
³
To view and modify Ethernet port parameters:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > System Parameters.
The System Parameters window appears.
Figure 3-7. System Parameters Dialog Box
3. Select Flows or Bridge as desired and then click Set.
The Flows or Bridge menu and associated parameters become available as
selected.
Configuring SHDSL Lines
In addition to the physical layer, you configure additional SHDSL line and PCS
(physical coding sublayer) parameters on the system level, such as the TC layer
and the wire mode.
³
To view the SHDSL parameters on the system level:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > SHDSL Lines.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Setting the Operational Parameters
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The SHDSL Layers Parameters window appears with an overview of SHDSL
parameters set.
Figure 3-8. SHDSL Layers
³
To configure SHDSL line parameters:
1. In the SHDSL Layers screen, click Edit and then select Line…
The Edit SHDSL screen appears.
2. Configure the parameters as needed and then click Set.
Figure 3-9. SHDSL Lines Screen
Table 3-5. SHDSL Lines
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
TC Layer
Operational mode
46–65 Octets
ATM
Default: 46–65 Octets
Note: Only the first line can be configured to ATM. The remaining lines remain
invisible.
Wires
Wire operation mode for SHDSL lines
2
4
6
8
Wire
Wire
Wire
Wire
Default: 2 Wire
Note: Configurable only if TC Layer is set to ATM
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³
To configure the PCS parameters:
1. In the SHDSL Layers screen, click Edit and then select PCS…
The PCS screen appears.
2. Configure the parameters as needed and then click Set.
Figure 3-10. PCS Parameters Screen
Table 3-6. PCS Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
PCS
Index of the SHDSL PCS (physical coding sublayer)
PCS 1
Read-only
Name
Assigns a name to the PCS
Default: PCS
Lines
Number of available SHDSL lines
Up to 4
Read-only
Administrative Status
Sets the administrative status
Up
Down
Default: Up
OAM (EFM)
Single segment (link) OAM according to 802.3ah for remote management and
fault indication, including remote loopback and MIB parameters retrieval.
Enable
Disable
Default: Disable
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Setting the Operational Parameters
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Chapter 3 Configuration Management
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Egress Rate Limit (Kbps)
Defines the rate limit for all queues together.
User’s Manual
64 – 100000
Default: 100000
VLAN Tag Ether Type
(hex)
Defines the VLAN Tag identifier.
0 – FFFF
Default: 8100
Configuring the Flows
In Flow mode, incoming customer traffic can be mapped to Ethernet flows
according to user defined per-port criteria.
This section explains how to select the flow interfaces and specify the flows
according to specific criteria.
³
To verify that LA-210 operates in Flow mode:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > System Parameters.
The System Parameters dialog appears displaying the current mode.
Configuring the Quality of Service
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 supports Quality of Service (QoS) in DSL egress direction.
Traffic is classified according to VLAN priority (802.1p), DSCP (bits 0-5 in IP TOS
byte) and port based. Mapping classification results into four transmit priority
queues with strict priority. Before you can start configuring flows, you have to
configure the QoS parameters.
Configuring Ingress BW Profiles
The section below explains how to view, add, edit and remove Ingress bandwidth
(BW) profiles.
³
To view existing Ingress BW Profiles:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > QoS.
The QoS menu appears.
3. Select Ingress BW Profiles.
The Ingress BW Profiles list appears.
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Chapter 3 Configuration Management
Figure 3-11. Ingress BW Profiles List
³
To add an Ingress BW profile:
1. In the Ingress BW Profiles list, click Add.
The Add Ingress BW Profiles dialog appears.
Figure 3-12. Adding an Ingress BW Profile
2. Configure the parameters as detailed in Table 3-7 and then click Set.
The Ingress BW profile is added.
Table 3-7. Ingress BW Profile Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
ID
Selects an ingress bandwidth profile identification number.
1–64
Default: 1
Name
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Assigns a nam to the ingress bandwidth profile.
Setting the Operational Parameters
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Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
CIR (Kbps)
Defines the Committed Information Rate (CIR) for the current profile. The CIR
specifies a bandwidth with committed service guarantee (“green bucket” rate).
0–100000
Default: 0
CBS (Bytes)
Defines the Committed Burst Size (CBS) for the current profile. The CBS specifies
the maximum guaranteed burst size (“green bucket” size).
0–32,767 kbps
Default: 0
EIR (Kbps)
Defines the Excess Information Rate (EIR). The EIR specifies an extra bandwidth
with no service guarantee (“yellow bucket” rate).
0–100,000 kbps
Default: 100,000
EBS (Bytes)
Defines the Excess Burst Size (EBS). The EBS specifies the extra burst with no
service guarantee (“yellow bucket” size).
0–32,767 kbps
Default: 32,767
³
To edit an existing Ingress BW profile:
1. In the ingress BW Profiles list, select the desired Ingress BW profile and click
Change.
The Change Ingress BW Profiles dialog appears. This screen is identical
with the Add Ingress BW screen, only the bandwidth profile ID is readonly.
2. Edit the parameters as desired and then click Set.
The Ingress BW Profile parameters are updated
³
To refresh the Ingress BW Profiles list:
•
In the Ingress BW Profiles list, click Refresh.
The Ingress BW Profiles list is updated.
³
To remove an existing Ingress BW profile:
•
In the Ingress BW Profiles list, select the desired ingress BW profile and click
Remove.
The selected Ingress BW profile is removed from the list.
Note
One ingress BW profile must remain listed and cannot be deleted.
Defining CoS Profiles
The section below explains how to view, add, edit and remove CoS profiles for a
flow.
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³
To view existing CoS Profiles:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > QoS.
The QoS menu appears.
3. Select CoS Profiles.
The CoS Profiles list appears.
Figure 3-13. CoS Profiles List
³
To add a CoS profile:
1. In the CoS Profiles list, click <Add>.
The Add CoS Profiles dialog appears.
Figure 3-14. Adding CoS Profile
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Setting the Operational Parameters
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2. Configure the parameters as detailed in Table 3-8 and then click Set.
The CoS profile is added.
Table 3-8. CoS Profile Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
ID
Selects a CoS profile identification number.
1–8
Name
Assigns a nam to the ingress bandwidth profile.
String of up to 20 characters
Default: CoSProfile<ID>
Ingress Priority Method
Defines the Committed Information Rate (CIR) for the current profile. The CIR
specifies a bandwidth with committed service guarantee (“green bucket” rate).
802.1p
DSCP
IP Precedence
Default: 0
³
To map CoS profiles to user priorities:
1. In the map, select the desired CoS values that are associated with user
priorities.
ƒ
To select multiple CoS Map values, press and hold <Ctrl> and click the
desired CoS Mapping values.
2. To modify the CoS map values, click CoS and then select a value between 0
(lowest priority) and 7 (highest priority).
3. Click <Set>
The new CoS Mapping values are set.
³
To edit an existing CoS profile:
1. In the CoS Profiles list, select the desired CoS profile and click Change.
The Change CoS Profiles dialog appears. This screen is identical with the
Add CoS screen, only the ID field is read-only.
2. Edit the parameters as desired and then click <Set>
The CoS Profile parameters are updated
³
To refresh the CoS Profiles list:
•
In the CoS Profiles list, click Refresh.
The CoS Profiles list is updated.
³
To remove an existing CoS profile:
•
In the CoS Profiles list, select the desired CoS profile and click Remove.
The selected CoS profile is removed from the list.
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Noteo One CoS profile must remain listed and cannot be deleted.
ooooo
Defining Marking Profiles
The section below explains how to view, add, edit and remove Marking profiles
for a flow.
³
To view existing CoS Profiles:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > QoS.
The QoS menu appears.
3. Select Marking Profiles.
The Marking Profiles list appears.
Figure 3-15. Marking Profiles List
³
To add a Marking profile:
1. In the Marking Profiles list, click Add.
The Add Marking Profiles dialog appears.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Setting the Operational Parameters
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Figure 3-16. Adding Marking Profile
2. Configure the parameters as detailed in Table 3-9 and then click Set.
The Marking profile is added.
Table 3-9. Marking Profile Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
ID
Selects a Marking profile identification number.
1–8
Name
Assigns a nam to the ingress bandwidth profile.
String of up to 20 characters
Default: MarkingProfile<ID>
Marking Method
Defines the Committed Information Rate (CIR) for the current profile. The CIR
specifies a bandwidth with committed service guarantee (“green bucket” rate).
802.1p
DSCP
IP Precedence
Default: 0
³
To map Marking profiles to user priorities:
1. In the map, select the desired Marking values that are associated with user
priorities.
ƒ
To select multiple Marking Map values, press and hold <Ctrl> and click the
desired Marking Mapping values.
2. To modify the Marking map values, click Marking Mapping and then select a
value between 0 (lowest priority) and 7 (highest priority).
3. Click Set.
The new Marking Mapping values are set.
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³
To edit an existing Marking profile:
1. In the Marking Profiles list, select the desired Marking profile and click
Change.
The Change Marking Profiles dialog appears. This screen is identical with
the Add Marking Profiles screen, only the ID field is read-only.
2. Edit the parameters as desired and then click Set.
The Marking Profile parameters are updated
³
To refresh the Marking Profiles list:
•
In the Marking Profiles list, click Refresh.
The Marking Profiles list is updated.
³
To remove an existing Marking profile:
•
In the marking Profiles list, select the desired Marking profile and click
Remove.
The selected Marking profile is removed from the list.
Note
One Marking profile must remain listed and cannot be deleted.
Defining Internal Queue Profiles
The section below explains how to view, add, edit and remove Internal Queue
profiles for a flow.
³
To view existing Internal Queue Profiles:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > QoS.
The QoS menu appears.
3. Select Internal Queue Profiles.
The Internal Queue Profiles list appears.
Figure 3-17. Internal Queue Profiles List
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To edit an Internal Queue profile:
1. In the Internal Queue Profiles list, select the desired Internal Queue profile
and click Change.
The Change Internal Queue Profile screen appears.
2. Edit the parameters as detailed in Table 3-10 and then click Set.
The Internal Queue Profile parameters are updated.
Figure 3-18. Internal Queue Profile Parameters Screen
Table 3-10. Internal Queue Profile Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
ID
Selects an Internal Queue profile identification number.
1–8
Scheduling
Defines the queue scheduling method. Currently, if one of the internal queues is
configured to the WFQ mode, the queues with the higher priority cannot be
configured to the strict mode.
Strict – High-priority queues that are always serviced first. If a lower-priority
queue is being serviced and a packet enters a higher queue, that queue is
serviced immediately.
WFQ – Weighted Fair Queuing, if one port does not transmit, its unused
bandwidth is shared by the ‘transmitting’ queues according to the assigned
weight.
Default: Strict
Note: In configurations with Strict and WFQ queues, the WFQ frames are
transmitted only after the transmission of frames associated with the Strict
queues is completed.
Weight
Determines the weight of an internal queue when the scheduling weight is
configured to WFQ
3–110
Default: 3
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Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Egress Rate Limit (Kbps)
Defines the length of the internal queue length.
0 –32
Default: 10
³
To refresh the Internal Queue Profiles list:
•
In the Internal Queue Profiles list, click Refresh.
The Internal Queue Profiles list is updated.
Adding, Editing and Removing Flows
When adding a flow, you have to first choose the flow interface where the flow
starts, and set the flow key and configure the defaults. Only then you add the
flow and configure the flow parameters.
³
To choose the flow interface and to define the flow key and the defaults:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Flows.
The Flows screen appears.
oNote
The Flows menu is unavailable if Application Mode in the System Parameters
menu is set to Bridge.
3. In the Flows screen, in the interface list to the left, select the desired
Ethernet interface.
Parameters associated with the selected interface appear as illustrated in
Figure 3-19.
4. Set the parameters as detailed in Table 3-11 and then click Apply.
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Figure 3-19. Flows Screen
Table 3-11. Flows Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Interface
The selected Ethernet port
Read-only
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Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Flow Key
Determines the field used by the classifier for mapping.
•
CE-VLAN ID
(flow will be based on list of CE-VLANs),
•
CE -802.1p
(flow will be based on a list of CE-VLAN P-bit values)
•
DSCP
(flow will be base on a list of DSCP values)
diffServ, IP Precedence
(flow will be base on TOS Precedence bits (TOS0-2)
•
IP Precedence
Default: CE-VLAN ID
Defaults
Possible Values / Remarks
VLAN ID
The default VLAN Identifier used for mapping purpose when the flow key is
CE-VLAN ID and frames arrive without VLAN tag.
1 – 4094
802.1p
Default 802.1p value used for classification purposes when the flow key is CE 802.1p and a frame arrives without VLAN TAG
- Or Used for CoS mapping with the Ingress Priority Method set to 802.1p and a
frame arriving without VLAN tag
0–7
DSCP
Default DSCP value, used for mapping when the flow key is DSCP and a frame
arrives without IP Header
- Or Used for CoS mapping when the Ingress Priority Method = DSCP and a frame
arrives without IP header.
0 – 63
IP Precedence
Default IP Precedence value used for mapping purpose when the flow key is IP
Precedence and a frame arrives without IP Header
– Or –
used for CoS mapping when the Ingress Priority Method = IP Precedence and a
frame arrives without IP header.
0–7
³
To add the flow:
1. Verify that the intended interface is selected and click Add.
The Add Flow screen appears.
2. Set the parameters as detailed in Table 3-12 and then click Set.
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Figure 3-20. Adding a Flow
Table 3-12. Flow Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Interface
The selected Ethernet port where the flow starts.
User ETH-1 – User ETH-4
Flow ID
The flow ID, automatically assigned the flow is added.
Flow Name
Assigns a name to the selected flow.
Default: ID
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Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
User Port Mapping
Mode
Determines if the flow is composed of user defined ranges or from unclassified
frames.
Unclassified
User Mapping
Default: User Mapping
VLAN ID
Defines the members of a VLAN to be mapped to the flow.
1 – <highest VLAN ID assigned (max. 4094)
Default: No members
VLAN 802.1p
Defines the members of a VLAN P-bit to be mapped to the flow.
0 – <highest VLAN ID assigned (max. 7)
Default: No members
DSCP
Defines the members of a DSCP/TOS priority bit to be mapped to the flow.
0 – 64
Default: No members
IP Precedence
Defines the members of an IP Precedence to be mapped to the flow. The IP
precedence is derived from the TOS bits 0-2 precedence.
0–7
Default: No members
CoS Method
Defines the method to classify frames to specific services.
Fixed
Profile
Default: Profile
CoS Value
Fixed service CoS value
0–7
Default: 0
CoS Profile
The name of the CoS profile
Default: CoSDefaultProfile1
Ingress BW Profile
Ingress Bandwidth Profile index
Unfined
DefaultIngressBW1
Default: Undefined
SP VLAN Action
Defines the SP-VLAN action for the current flow.
None
Stack
Default: Stack
Note: This parameter displays for UNI ports only.
SP VLAN
The VLAN that will be added to the flow when it egresses from the network.
0, 1 – 4094
Default: 0 (no VLAN specified)
Note: This parameter displays for UNI ports only.
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Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Marking
The method defined for marking, either using an encoding table defined per flow
or using a fixed value.
Fixed - Fixed priority value will be marked on SP-TAG.
Profile - Marking will be derived from the marking profile attached to the Flow–
MIB value 255.
Note: This parameter displays for UNI ports only.
Marking Value
An index to the Marking profile.
1–8
Default: 1
Marking Profile
CE-VLAN Action
Defines the CE VLAN action for the current flow.
None
Stack
Swap
Default: Stack
Note: This parameter appears for UNI ports only.
³
To configure an existing flow:
1. Select the desired flow in the Interface list to the left.
The associated flow parameters appear.
2. Modify the desired parameters as detailed in Table 3-12 and then click Apply.
The relevant parameters are modified.
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Figure 3-21. Modifying an existing Flow
³
To update the Flow Parameters screen:
1. Select the desired flow in the Interface list.
The flows appear listed.
2. Click Refresh.
The selected flow’s parameters are updated with the current flow
parameters.
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To remove a flow:
1. Select the desired flow in the Interface list.
The flows appear listed.
2. Click Remove.
The selected flow is removed.
Configuring OAM (CFM)
This application supports the RAD proprietary OAM (CFM). When selecting the
OAM menu, a message indicates that the Standard OAM is not supported.
³
To define OAM flows:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > OAM (CFM).
A list of currently configured (OAM) flows appears.
Figure 3-22. List of current Flows
³
To add a flow:
1. In the OAM List screen, click <Add>.
The Add Flow dialog appears (Figure 3-23).
2. Configure the parameters as outlined in Table 3-13.
3. Click <Set>.
The flow is added with three services associated.
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Figure 3-23. Adding a Flow (OAM)
Table 3-13. (OAM) Flow Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Flow ID
Up to 8 flows can be added. Select the flow ID from the drop-down list.
1–8
Flow Name
Assign a flow name
SP VLAN ID
Specify the VLAN used to send the OAM for the specified Maintenance Entity
Group (MEP).
1–4094
Default: 1
ME Level
The Maintenance Entity (OAM Domain) level
1–7
Read-only
Local MEP ID
Indicates the maintenance entity group’s end point.
0–8191
Default: 1
Remote MEP ID
The Remote MEP ID is the ID that incoming OAM messages will be identified by.
Every unit’s ID must remain unique. The local and remote ID must therefore not
be identical.
0–8191
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Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
OAM Mode
Determines the OAM behavior.
User’s Manual
Disabled: No CC performed
Initiate: The unit will initiate and respond to OAM messages
React: The unit will respond to OAM messages, but not initiate them.
Default: Disabled
Continuity Verification
Mode
Determines the CC behavior. LB Based is used only for RAD proprietary.
LB Based
CC Based
Default: Disabled
Note: This parameter is available in Initiate/React OAM mode.
OAM Destination
Address Type
Unicast
Multicast
Default: Unicast
Note: This parameter is available in Initiate OAM mode.
OAM Destination MAC
Address
Determines the MAC address sent in OAM messages, configurable only for
Unicast MAC Address.
Default: 01-20-d2-00-01-00 + MD Level in RAD Proprietary, Standard OAM MAC
Address + MD Level in Standard.
Default CC Priority
The priority CFM messages will be sent if no service is defined on the flow. If a
service is defined, the CC will be performed at the highest priority service on the
flow.
Note: This parameter is available in Initiate OAM mode.
³
To edit a flow:
1. In the OAM List screen, select the desired flow and click <Change>.
The Change Flow dialog appears. The Change Flow dialog is identical with
the Add Flow dialog (Figure 3-23).
2. Configure the parameters as outlined in Table 3-13.
3. Click <Set>.
The flow has been modified.
³
To edit a service:
1. Before you can edit a service, set the OAM mode to React or Initiate,
otherwise the service parameters will be read only.
2. Select the desired service.
The associated service parameters appear.
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Figure 3-24. OAM Service Dialog
3. Click <Change>.
The Change Service dialog appears (Figure 3-25).
4. Enable Performance Monitoring to make parameters available for editing.
5. Set the priority and the thresholds as outlined in Table 3-14 and then click
<Set>.
The service has been reconfigured.
Figure 3-25. Change Service Dialog
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Table 3-14. Change Service Dialog
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Flow ID
The ID of the flow that this service belongs to.
Read-only
Flow Name
The name of the flow that this service belongs to.
Read-only
Service ID
The ID of the service. Each flow is associated with three services.
1–3
Read-only
Performance Monitoring
Enables/disables Performance Monitoring
Enable
Disable
Default: Disable
Priority
Determines the P bit value sent inside this OAM message that originates from
this service.
0–7
Default: 0
Delay Threshold (msec)
Determines the delay threshold for the specified service.
1–1000
Default: 0
Delay Variation
Threshold (msec))
Determines the delay variation threshold for the specified service
1–1000
Default: 0
Configuring Bridge Parameters
In Bridge mode, an internal bridge can be defined that connects the LA-210 unit’s
ports. Configure the bridge to properly process the VLAN tags to maintain priority
of the data flows.
The bridge operates in transparent mode (learning is disabled) or filtered mode
(learning and filtering are enabled).
³
To verify that LA-210 operates in Bridge mode
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > System Parameters.
The System Parameters dialog appears displaying the current mode.
³
To define bridge parameters
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Bridge.
The Bridge menu appears.
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Note
The Bridge menu is unavailable if Application Mode in the System Parameters
menu is set to Flows.
3. From the Bridge menu, choose Parameters.
The Bridge Parameters dialog appears.
Figure 3-26. Bridge Parameters Screen
Table 3-15. Bridge Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
VLAN Mode
Forwarding is based on MAC address only or on VLAN+MAC.
Aware – Bridge operates according to 802.1Q
Unaware – Operates according to 802.1D.
Default: Unaware
Determines whether the bridge learns MAC addresses.
Forwarding Mode
Filter – Learning and filtering are enabled
Transparent – No learning is performed. Each packet received is forwarded to all
other ports automatically, unless static MAC is used.
Default: Filter
Aging time for entries in the MAC table. If the aging time elapses, and no frame
has been received from the MAC, it is erased from the MAC table.
Aging Time (sec)
300–4080
Default: 300
³
To define bridge ports:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Bridge.
The Bridge menu appears.
3. From the Bridge menu, choose Ports.
The Bridge Ports list appears.
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Figure 3-27. Bridge Port List
4. Choose the desired port, add it to the bridge and configure the associated
parameters as detailed in Table 3-16.
Figure 3-28. Bridge Port Screen
Table 3-16. Bridge Port Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Port
The selected port
Administrative Status
Specifies if this port is part of the bridge or not.
Up (part of the bridge)
Down (not part of the bridge)
Default: Up
Ingress Filtering
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When Enabled, the device discards incoming frames for VLANs which do not
include this port in its member set. When Disabled, the port accepts all incoming
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Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
frames.
Enable
Disable
Default: Disable
Note: Available only if the bridge operates in VLAN-Aware mode.
All specifies that untagged frames received on this port are accepted and
assigned to the PVID for this port. Tag Only specifies that the device discards
untagged frames
Accept Frame Type
All
Tag Only
Default: All
Note: Available only if the bridge operates in VLAN-Aware mode.
This is the Port VID, the VLAN ID assigned to untagged frames or priority-tagged
frames received on the chosen port. If Stacking is enabled, this is the tag to be
added.
PVID / Stacking VID
1–4094
Default: 2
Copy Original Priority
Copies the priority from the original frame, when stacking an additional tag
Enable
Disable
Default: Disable
Default Priority Tag
Default VLAN frame priority. Applies to untagged frames or stacked tags, when
the Copy Original Priority function is disabled.
0–7
Default: 0
Egress Tag Handling
Stacking adds the PVID to every frame transmitted from the port.
Stripping removes the first VLAN tag from every transmitted frame, on the egress
of the port.
Stacking
Stripping
None
Default: None
Ingress Tag Handling
Stacking adds the PVID to every frame received on the ingress of the port.
Stripping removes the first VLAN tag from every received frame, on the ingress of
the port.
Stacking
Stripping
None
Default: None
³
To update the Bridge Port list:
•
In the Bridge port list (Figure 3-27), click Refresh.
The Bridge Port list is updated.
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Configuring the VLAN Membership
You can assign bridge ports to VLANs, thus defining a VLAN membership for that
port. This section explains how to add, modify or remove a VLAN membership.
³
To add a VLAN membership:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Bridge.
The Bridge menu appears.
3. First verify that VLAN Mode is set to Aware. To do so, in the Bridge menu,
choose Parameters.
The Bridge Parameters dialog appears, displaying the VLAN Mode
parameter (Figure 3-26).
4. Click <Cancel> to return to the Bridge menu.
5. From the Bridge menu, choose VLAN Membership.
A list of VLAN memberships appears.
6. Click <Add>.
The Add VLAN Membership dialog appears.
7. Specify the VLAN membership as detailed in Table 3-17 and then click Set.
The new VLAN membership is added to the list and the dialog closes.
Table 3-17. VLAN Membership Dialog
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
VLAN ID
Type the desired VLAN ID.
Tagged Ports
Defines the set of ports to transmit packets for this VLAN as tagged.
Untagged Ports
Defines the set of ports to transmit packets for this VLAN as untagged.
³
To edit a VLAN membership:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Bridge.
The Bridge menu appears.
3. From the Bridge menu, choose VLAN Membership.
A list of VLAN memberships appears.
4. Select the desired VLAN membership and click <Change>.
The Change VLAN Membership dialog appears and the parameters can be
edited.
5. Modify the desired parameters as detailed in Table 3-17 and then click <Set>.
The VLAN membership has been modified and the dialog closes.
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Configuring MAC Tables
MAC addresses associated with physical ports can be associated with the bridge
ports.
³
To view the MAC table:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Bridge.
The Bridge menu appears.
3. From the Bridge menu, choose MAC Table.
The MAC table appears.
Figure 3-29. MAC Table
³
To add a MAC table entry:
1. In the MAC Table screen, click <Add>.
The Add MAC Entry dialog appears (Figure 3-30).
2. Add a MAC address and choose the Bridge port to associate it with.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
ƒ
Select MAC Address, and enter a new MAC address.
ƒ
Select Receive Bridge Port, and choose the interface that this MAC
address is attached to.
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3. Click <Apply>.
The new MAC entry is added to the list.
Figure 3-30. Adding MAC Table Entry
³
To refresh the MAC table:
•
In the MAC Table screen, select Refresh.
The MAC table is updated.
³
To remove a static MAC address:
1. In the MAC Table screen, select the desired entry.
2. Click Remove Static.
The selected MAC table entry is deleted.
³
To clear the MAC table:
•
In the MAC Table screen, select Clear Learned.
The MAC table is clear, only the MAC addresses for Host and PCS remain
listed, which cannot be deleted.
Configuring QoS
LA-210 supports the following three methods of classification.
³
•
802.1 priority mapping
•
DSCP priority mapping, using tag values
•
Priority mapping per bridge port.
To classify the QoS:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > QoS.
The QoS menu appears.
3. Choose Classification.
The Classification dialog appears.
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Figure 3-31. QoS Classification
4. Select the desired classification and click Set.
The selected classification appears listed.
³
To map the QoS (802.1p):
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > QoS.
The QoS menu appears.
3. Choose Mapping.
The Mapping dialog appears.
Figure 3-32. QoS Mapping
4. Select the desired user priority (0–7) and assign the desired traffic class
(0–3) by clicking Traffic Class and choosing a traffic class to each priority.
Each traffic class can be assigned to more than one priority.
5. Click <Set>.
The QoS is mapped and the QoS Mapping dialog closes.
³
To map the QoS (DSCP):
1. Navigate to the Mapping dialog as explained above.
2. Select the desired tag value (0–63) and assign the desired traffic class (0–3)
by clicking <Traffic Class> and choosing a traffic class to each tag value. Each
traffic class can be assigned to more than one tag value.
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To map the QoS (Per Port):
1. Navigate to the Mapping dialog as explained above.
2. Select the desired bridge port and assign the desired traffic class (0–3) by
clicking <Traffic Class> and choosing a traffic class to each active bridge port.
Each traffic class can be assigned to more than one active bridge port.
³
To update the mapping dialog
•
On the relevant QoS Mapping dialog, click <Refresh>.
The Mapping dialog is updated.
Configuring Fault Propagation
When the network > user fault propagation is enabled, the LAN ports are
deactivated when the PCS uplink becomes inactive. The Ethernet ports are reactivated once the PCS port synchronization is restored.
When the user > network fault propagation is enabled, the PCS uplink is
deactivated when the LAN ports become inactive. The PCS uplink is restored once
the LAN ports are re-activated.
³
To enable the fault propagation:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Fault Propagation.
The Fault Propagation dialog appears.
Figure 3-33. Fault Propagation
3. To enable Fault Propagation, check Activation and then click <Set>.
The fault propagation is active.
³
To disable the fault propagation:
1. Navigate to the Fault Propagation dialog as explained above.
2. Clear Activation and then click <Set>.
The fault propagation is inactive.
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3.3
Additional Tasks
RADview allows resetting the LA-210 hardware configuration. Resetting the
system hardware resets the agent.
Resetting the Agent
³
To reset the agent:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Reset > HW.
A confirmation dialog box appears.
Figure 3-34. Reset HW Dialog Box
3. Click <OK> to reset.
The agent’s hardware is reset.
Resetting the Configuration
RADview/TDM allows you to reset the LA-210 parameters to default values.
³
To reset the configuration:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Reset > Configuration.
A confirmation message appears.
Figure 3-35. Reset HW Dialog Box
3. Click <OK> to reset.
The agent's configuration is reset to its default values.
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Chapter 4
Configuring a Flow-Based
Point-To-Point Application
This chapter provides detailed instructions on building, configuring and using a
flow-based point-to-point application.
The configuration used for the application is illustrated below. It includes a
management PC, a ‘movie PC’ and a client PC, enabling you to screen a movie and
simultaneously testing the performance at different bandwidths and priorities,
using the management PC to remotely log on to LA-210 for management and
monitoring.
Figure 4-1. Typical Application – Network Parameters
SHDSL.bis
PC-1 Manager
User 2
LA-210
ETX-202 Client
PC-2 Client
User 1
Net 1
DSLAM
10/100 BaseT 1
ETX-202 Server
Net 1
User 1
PC-2 Movie
Figure 4-2. Typical Application – Assembly
For instructions on assembling the application, refer to the Installation and
Operational manual.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring the ETX-202 and LA-210 Units
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
4.1
Installation and Operation Manual
Configuring the ETX-202 and LA-210 Units
Before you can start managing LA-210 via SNMP, the ETX-202 units and LA-210’s
IP settings must be configured using a terminal application.
To configure LA-210 and ETX-202 units:
³
1. Connect a PC to the serial port of each unit and use a terminal application to
log on to the relevant unit.
2. Configure IP settings (Configuration>System>Host) and take a note of the IP
addresses you assign if they differ from the ones suggested in Figure 4-1.
You will have to specify the IP addresses when adding or updating the
corresponding item in the Network Element Browser or the SNMPc
Management Console as well.
3. Verify that management access via SNMP is enabled for LA-210
(Configuration>System>Management> Management Access).
4. Connect the units to each other and to the network.
5. Configure the units for the desired application.
4.2
Configuration Sequence
You must configure the following to deploy LA-210 and ETX-202 units in this
application:
•
System parameters (host IP, default gateway, VLANs for management access)
•
Flow Interface configurations
•
Flows.
Table 4-1. System Configuration Summary
4-2
Device
Host IP
IP mask
Default Gateway
LA-210
172.17.182.22
255.255.255.0
172.17.182.1
DSLAM
172.17.182.23
255.255.255.0
172.17.182.1
ETX-202 (Client)
172.17.182.24
255.255.255.0
172.17.182.1
ETX-202 (Server)
172.17.182.13
255.255.255.0
172.17.182.1
Configuration Sequence
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Table 4-2. Flow Configuration Summary – DSLAM
Flow Interface
Flow ID
CE-VLAN-ID
Flow Interface
SP-VLAN-ID
ETH-1
1
555
777
UNI ETH-1
10
Table 4-3. Flow Configuration Summary – DSLAM
Flow
Interface
Flow
ID
Host
Tagging
Host
VLAN ID
CE-VLAN ID
Flow
Interface
SP-VLAN-ID
ETH-1
1
Untagged
N/A
555
777
UNI ETH-1
10
Table 4-4. Flow Configuration Summary – LA-210
Flow
Interface
Flow
ID
Host
Tagging
Host
VLAN ID
CE-VLAN ID
Flow
Interface
SP-VLAN-ID
ETH-1
1
Tagged
333
555
777
UNI ETH-1
10
Table 4-5. Configuration Summary – ETX-202 Server
Host Tagging
Host VLAN ID
Tagged
555
Interface
Port/Stacking VID
Tag Handling
User 1
777
Stack
User 2
333
Stack
Table 4-6. Configuration Summary – ETX-202 Client
Host Tagging
Host VLAN ID
Tagged
555
Interface
Port/Stacking VID
Tag Handling
User 1
777
Stack
User 2
555
Stack
Table 4-7. Configuration Summary – ETX-202 Client
Interface
Host Tagging
Host VLAN ID
Port/Stacking VID
Tag Handling
User 1
Tagged
555
555
777
Stack
User 2
Tagged
555
555
777
Stack
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuration Sequence
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
4.3
Installation and Operation Manual
Configuring the System Parameters
This section explains how to configure ETX-202 and LA-210 units. The
configuration procedure is similar for all units, except for defining different host
IP addresses. For an explanation of how to select management options and save
the changes, refer to the Installation and Operation Manual (hardware manual).
Configuring Host IP Parameters
You configure the host IP parameters for each unit using the terminal application
as explained in the Installation and Operation (hardware) manual.
³
To configure the host IP parameters:
Device
Host IP
IP mask
Default Gateway
LA-210
172.17.182.22
255.255.255.0
172.17.182.1
DSLAM
172.17.182.23
255.255.255.0
172.17.182.1
ETX-202 (Client)
172.17.182.24
255.255.255.0
172.17.182.1
ETX-202 (Server)
172.17.182.13
255.255.255.0
172.17.182.1
1. At the terminal, display the Host menu (Configuration>System>Host), and
configure the IP address and the IP mask:
ƒ
LA-210 host IP address – 172.17.182.22
ƒ
ETX-202 (Client) host IP address – 172.17.182.24
ƒ
ETX-202 (Server) host IP address – 172.17.182.25
ƒ
IP mask – 255.255.255.0
ƒ
Default gateway – 172.17.182.1
2. Save the changes.
Configuring ETX-202 Server and Client
In order to enable remote management of LA-210, you have to define a bridge
port that allows accessing LA-210 via ETX-202 Server. The Movie PC is connected
to ETX-Server’s port 1 and the management station is connected to ETX-202
Server’s user port 2 as illustrated in Figure 4-2. After configuring ETX-202 Server,
you will be able to remotely log on to LA-210 using RADview.
Note
4-4
This application can use ETX-202 Version 3.5 or higher. Depending on the version
in use, available menu items may vary. Do not modify any settings if you have not
been instructed otherwise.
Configuring the System Parameters
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Configuring ETX-202 Server
This section instructs you on configuring ETX-202 Server and enabling the
management PC to access LA-210.
To configure the VLAN settings:
³
1. Navigate to the Encapsulation menu
(Configuration>System>Management>Host>Encapsulation).
ETX-202
Configuration>System>Management>Host>Encapsulation
1.
2.
3.
4.
Host Tagging
Host VLAN ID[1 - 4094]
Host VLAN Priority[0 - 7]
Security Definition
(Tagged)
... (555)
... (7)
>
(All)
>
Please select item <1 to 4>
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &-exit
1 M/ 1 C
Figure 4-3. ETX-202 Server – Enabling Host Tagging
2. Select Host Tagging.
Host tagging is enabled and additional parameters become available.
3. Select Host VLAN and enter 555.
A new host VLAN (Host VLAN ID 555) has been defined.
4. Press <S> to save this setting.
To configure the bridge ports:
³
1. Navigate to the Bridge Port menu (Configuration>Bridge>Bridge Port).
2. Navigate to User Port 1 and configure the respective parameters as illustrated
below.
ETX-202
Configuration>Bridge>Bridge Port
Port Label
Bridge port
>
>
1. Port\Stacking VID[1 - 4094]
2. Default Priority Tag [0 - 7]
3. Tag Handling
(3)
(User 1)
... (777)
... (4)
(Stack)
Please select item <1 to 3>
F-Forward
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &- exit
1 M/ 1 C
Figure 4-4. ETX-202 Server User Port 1– Bridge Port Menu
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring the System Parameters
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
3. Press <F> to navigate to User Port 2 and configure the respective parameters
as illustrated below.
Bridge Port 333 on User Port 2 enables the management PC to access
LA-210.
ETX-202
Configuration>Bridge>Bridge Port
Port Label
Bridge port
>
>
1. Port\Stacking VID[1 - 4094]
2. Default Priority Tag [0 - 7]
3. Tag Handling
(4)
(User 2)
... (333)
... (7)
(Stack)
Please select item <1 to 3>
F-Forward
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &- exit
1 M/ 1 C
Figure 4-5. ETX-202 Server User Port 2– Bridge Port Menu
To log off:
³
•
If not already done, press <S> to save your new settings and, then press <&>
to terminate the connection.
Configuring ETX-202 Client
This section instructs you on configuring ETX-202 Client.
³
To configure the VLAN settings:
1. Navigate to the Encapsulation menu
(Configuration>System>Management>Host>Encapsulation).
ETX-202
Configuration>System>Management>Host>Encapsulation
1.
2.
3.
4.
Host Tagging
Host VLAN ID[1 - 4094]
Host VLAN Priority[0 - 7]
Security Definition
(Tagged)
... (555)
... (7)
>
(All)
>
Please select item <1 to 4>
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &-exit
1 M/ 1 C
Figure 4-6. ETX-202 Client – Enabling Host Tagging
2. Select Host Tagging.
Host tagging is enabled and additional parameters become available.
3. Select Host VLAN and enter 555.
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Configuring the System Parameters
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
A new host VLAN (Host VLAN ID 555) has been defined.
4. Press <S> to save this setting.
To configure the bridge ports:
³
1. Navigate to the Bridge Port menu (Configuration>Bridge>Bridge Port).
2. Navigate to User Port 1 and configure the respective parameters as illustrated
below.
ETX-202
Configuration>Bridge>Bridge Port
Port Label
Bridge port
>
>
1. Port\Stacking VID[1 - 4094]
2. Default Priority Tag [0 - 7]
3. Tag Handling
(3)
(User 1)
... (777)
... (4)
(Stack)
Please select item <1 to 3>
F-Forward
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &- exit
1 M/ 1 C
Figure 4-7. ETX-202 Client User Port 1– Bridge Port Menu
3. Press <F> to navigate to User Port 2 and configure the respective parameters
as illustrated below.
Bridge port 555 connects to the Client PC and enables viewing transmitting
content, for example a movie.
ETX-202
Configuration>Bridge>Bridge Port
Port Label
Bridge port
>
>
1. Port\Stacking VID[1 - 4094]
2. Default Priority Tag [0 - 7]
3. Tag Handling
(4)
(User 2)
... (555)
... (5)
(Stack)
Please select item <1 to 3>
F-Forward
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &- exit
1 M/ 1 C
Figure 4-8. ETX-202 Client User Port 2– Bridge Port Menu
To log off:
³
•
If not already done, press <S> to save your new settings and, then press <&>
to terminate the connection.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring the System Parameters
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
4.4
Installation and Operation Manual
Connecting LA-210 to the Management Station
LA-210 can be managed by the management PC, which must have RADview
installed. The connection from the management PC can be established either
from a local LAN or from a remote location, via a PSN connected to ETX-202
Server.
Once all units are connected, the IP addresses have been assigned ans access
parameters have been configured, you can add LA-210 to the SNMPc
Management Console.
Adding LA-210 to the Management Console
Once the system parameters and management access parameters are configured,
start using RADview-EMS/NGN LA-210. Before you can start configuring LA-210,
you have to first add the LA-210 node to the SNMPc console.
³
To include LA-210 as a node into the system:
1. On the SNMPc Management Console, click Add Device.
The Map Object Properties window appears.
2. Under Properties>General, enter the IP address and under Label, assign a
name to the node.
3. Under Properties>Access, verify that the Read and Write Communities
settings match the ones set for the LA-210 unit. To verify, log on via terminal
or Telnet and navigate to the Host menu
(Configuration>System>Management>Host).
Note
You may add the node also from the Network Element Browser. The Add Node
window is similar to the Map Object Properties window. For additional
information, refer to the Systems manual.
Launching the LA-210 View Window
Once the system parameters and management access parameters are configured,
start using RADview-EMS/NGN LA-210 by launching the respective LA-210 View
window.
³
To add a unit to the SNMPc Console:
1. Verify that the management parameters are properly configured and that
management via SNMP is enabled.
2. Add the LA-210 unit (node) according to the IP address and verify that the
read and write communities defined for LA-210 match the Node settings for
LA-210, otherwise the unit cannot connect.
The icon associated with the LA-210 unit (node) appears green once
RADview connected to the unit (Figure 4-9).
4-8
Connecting LA-210 to the Management Station
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Figure 4-9. Management Console – Displaying LA-210
To launch the LA-210 View window:
³
•
On the map, select and double-click the LA-210 icon.
The LA-210 View window appears. You can now remotely perform
configuration and monitoring tasks on the LA-210 system.
4.5
Configuring LA-210
Operating LA-210 in flow-based operation mode requires switching LA-210 to the
Flow mode, configuring the flow definition and specifying VLANs as members of
the desired flow.
³
To switch to the Flow mode:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > System Parameters.
The Application Mode window appears.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring LA-210
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 4-10. System Parameters
3. Under Application Mode, select Flows.
LA-210 is set to flow-based operation.
³
To add a flow:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Flows.
The Flows window appears.
4-10
Configuring LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Figure 4-11. Flow Dialog
3. Under Flow Key, select CE-VLAN ID.
The flow key for the flows associated with this interface is set.
4. Click <Add> and then choose Add Flow.
The Add Flow dialog appears (Figure 4-12).
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring LA-210
4-11
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 4-12. Adding a Flow Dialog
5. Under Flow Name, enter the name VLAN777-555.
6. Under VLAN ID, enter 555, 777.
7. Under SP VLAN Action, select Stack.
8. Under SP VLAN, enter 10.
9. Click <Set>.
The flow has been added and includes the SP-VLAN 10 on the service
provider side.
4-12
Configuring LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Figure 4-13. Flow Dialog with Flow Parameters
Configuring LA-210 for Advanced Configuration
This chapter explains how to map priority bits to classes of service. You can map
each p.bit to any CoS, thus setting different priorities via the CoS profile
configuration. You also can set a fixed p.bit per flow.
In the current example you will map p.bits to classes of service (CoS) as follows:
•
Map p.bit 7 to CoS 6
•
Map p.bit 4 to CoS 3
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring LA-210
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
•
Define two services for each CoS, VLAN 777 with CoS 3 (p.bit 4) and
VLAN 555 with CoS 6 (p.bit 7).
In addition you can determine the bandwidth options (policer) for each
service.
•
Map CoS to Queue. This mapping is not configurable, but it is possible to set
the queue definition to Strict or WFQ.
Figure 4-14. Mapping Priority Bits (p.bits) to Classes of Service (CoS) - Scheme
³
To map p.bits to CoS:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > QoS.
The QoS menu appears.
3. Select CoS Profiles.
The CoS Profiles list appears.
Figure 4-15. CoS Profiles
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Configuring LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
³
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
To add a CoS profile:
1. In the CoS Profiles list, click <Add>.
The Add CoS Profiles dialog appears with an ID assigned.
Figure 4-16. Adding CoS Profiles
2. Assign a name to the mapping, for example CoSProfile_no_1 and leave the
ingress priority method set to 802.1p.
3. Under Mapping, set User Priority 4 to CoS Mapping 3 and User Priority 7 to
CoS Mapping 6 respectively.
To modify the CoS mapping values, select the CoS Map value under User
Priority 4 and then click <CoS>.
A list with available CoS values appears.
4. Select 6 from the list.
5. Click <Set>.
The new CoS Mapping value is set.
6. Repeat this procedure for the second User Priority value.
³
To link flow 1 to the newly created CoS profile:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Flows.
The Flow dialog appears (Figure 4-17).
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring LA-210
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 4-17. Flow Definition
3. Under CoS Method, select Profile.
4. Under CoS Profiles, click … .
The existing CoS profiles appear listed.
5. Select CosProfile_no_1 from the list and click <Select>.
The CoS Profiles list closes and Flow 1 is linked to the newly created CoS
profile CosProfile_no_1 (Figure 4-17).
4-16
Configuring LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
³
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
To define a bandwidth profile for VLAN 777:
1. On the menu bar, click Configuration > QoS.
The QoS menu appears.
2. Select Ingress BW Profiles.
The Ingress BW Profiles list appears.
Figure 4-18. Ingress BW Profiles
1. To add a new profile, click <Add>.
The Ingress BW dialog appears.
Figure 4-19. Adding Ingress BW Profile 777
2. Under Name, enter the desired bandwidth profile name, for example
BW_for_service_777.
3. Set CIR to 5000 Kbps and EIR to 2000 Kbps .
4. Click <Set> to save your settings and then <Cancel> to close the Ingress BW
dialog.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring LA-210
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
³
Installation and Operation Manual
To define a bandwidth profile for VLAN 555:
1. Follow the instructions above.
2. Under Name, enter the desired bandwidth profile name, for example
BW_for_service_555
3. Set CIR to 2000 Kbps and EBS to 12176 Bytes (Figure 4-20).
Figure 4-20. Adding Ingress BW Profile 555
4. Click <Set> to save your settings and then <Cancel> to close the Ingress BW
dialog.
³
To define a service for VLAN 777 and CoS 3 (p.bit 4)
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the System view.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Flows.
The Flow dialog appears (Figure 4-17).
3. Under User ETH1, select Flow 1, and then click <Add>.
4. Select Add Service.
The Add CoS window appears (Figure 4-21).
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Configuring LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Figure 4-21. Adding Service (CoS)
5. Under CoS, enter 3 (cos 3 for p.bit 4).
6. Under Name, type a name, for example Service777_pbit_4.
7. Link a BW profile to the service. To do so, under Ingress BW Profile, click …
and then select BW_for_service_777 from the list (Figure 4-22).
Figure 4-22. Ingress BW Profiles
The service is added (Figure 4-23).
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring LA-210
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 4-23. Service Service777_pbit_4
³
To define a service for VLAN 555 and CoS 6 (p.bit 7)
1. In the Flow dialog, select Flow 1 and add an additional service as explained on
the previous pages.
The Add CoS window appears (Figure 4-21).
2. Under CoS, enter 6 (CoS 6 for p.bit 7).
3. Under Name, type a name, for example Service555_pbit_7.
4. Link the BW profile BW_for_service_555 to the list as explained above.
The service is added.
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Configuring LA-210
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Figure 4-24. Service Service555_pbit_7
Configuring the DSLAM
The DSLAM configuration has to match the configuration of the LA-210 units with
the difference that the clock mode must be configured to Central mode.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Configuring LA-210
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
4.6
Installation and Operation Manual
Using the Setup to Screen a Movie
You use the two PCs on both sides as server and client. The server (PC1-Server)
holds a movie that is going to be viewed from the client side (PC-2 Client). To
screen the movie, you use a streaming application, for example the VLC Media
Player. For brief instructions on using the VLC Media Player, refer to the section
below.
While playing the movie, you may perform various tests outlined in the next
chapters.
Using the VLC Media Player
To transmit and play the movie, you may use any streaming application with an
associated player on the Client PC, although this application assumes the use of
an already installed VLC Media Player on both the Movie PC and the Client PC. A
movie that will transmit at around 1.5 Mbps must be available on the Movie PC.
³
To start VLC:
•
³
Double click the VLC.exe short cut
on your desktop.
To start the movie from PC-2 Movie:
1. Navigate to File > Open File…
Various tabs with parameters appear.
2. Click the File Tab and, under Advanced Options, check Stream/Save.
The Settings button becomes available.
3. Click <Settings>.
Stream output options become available.
4.
Select RTP and, under Address, enter the multicast address 224.0.0.0 and
then click <OK>.
5. Start the desired movie.
³
To connect from PC-3 Client:
1. Navigate to File > Open File…
Various tabs with parameters appear.
2. Click the Network Tab.
3. Select UDP/RTP Multicast and define the same multicast address as defined
on the server, which is 224.0.0.0 in the current example.
4. Click <OK>.
5. Start playing the movie.
6. Verify that you can see the movie playing on the client side.
4-22
Using the Setup to Screen a Movie
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
4.7
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
This section instructs you on testing the application you configured.
Ping Tests
In order to test whether all components are properly connected and configured,
you may ping from various locations as detailed below.
³
•
Ping from PC-2 Movie to PC-3 Client and verify that PC-3 Client replies.
•
Ping from PC-3 Client to PC-2 Movie and verify that PC-2 Movie replies.
•
Ping from PC-1 Manager to LA-210 and verify that LA-210 replies.
•
Ping from ETX-202 Server to ETX-202 Client and verify that ETX-202 Client
replies.
•
Ping from ETX-202 Client to ETX-202 Server and verify that ETX-202 Server
replies.
To perform a ping test from an ETX-202 unit:
1. Connect the server PC to the ETX-202 unit that will send the ping via the
serial port, start the terminal application and then log on to the ETX-202 unit.
The Main menu appears.
2. Navigate to the Ping menu (Diagnostics>Ping).
The Ping menu appears (Figure 4-25).
ETX-202
Diagnostics>Ping
1.
2.
3.
4.
Destination IP Address
Number of Frames to Send[0 - 50]
Send Ping
Stop Ping
... (172.17.182.24)
... (1)
>
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &-exit
1 Mngr/s
Figure 4-25. ETX-202 Ping Menu
3. Select Destination IP Address and enter the IP address of the ETX-202 unit
that you wish to ping.
4. Specify the number of frames (packets) to send.
5. To start pinging the other ETX-202 unit, select Send Ping.
The ping results appear at the bottom of the screen.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
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Policer Testing
Before performing the policer testing, verify the current Ingress BW settings.
³
To view the Ingress BW settings:
1. Verify that the Bandwidth profile of CoS 3 (service 777 p.bit 4) has been
previously configured as summarized in the BW Profiles list (Figure 4-26).
2. To access the BW Profiles list, in the menu bar, click
Configuration>QoS>Ingress BW Profiles.
The Ingress BW Profiles List appears.
Figure 4-26. Ingress Profiles List
3. Select BW_for_service_777 and click <Change>.
The Change Ingress BW window appears with the current Ingress BW
profile settings.
Figure 4-27. Change window for BW_for_service_777, CIR = 5 Mbps, EIR = 2 Mbps
4. Modify the settings for CIR and and EIR as instructed in the next section and
repeat the statistics.
CIR is the committed bandwidth that the service provider guarantees to the
user, therefore they are called green packets.
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Testing the Flow Based Configuration
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
EIR means that the service for these frames is not guaranteed and depends
on available bandwidth. These packets are called yellow packets.
In the current configuration, you will use EIR = 5 Mbps and EIR = 2 Mbps.
³
To test the bandwidth profiles:
1. While viewing the movie from the client PC, in the LA-210 View window, click
Statistics> Flows Statistics.
The Flows Statistic dialog appears.
Figure 4-28. Flow Statistics Dialog
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
2. In the Navigation pane, to the left, select CoS – 3 and then click <Statistics>.
The statistics start running.
Figure 4-29. Flow Statistics – Example Screen
3. Follow the instructions on the previous pages to modify the values for CIR
and EIR.
The tables below summarize the results obtained while screening a movie
transmitting at a bit-rate of about 1.5 Mbps.
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Testing the Flow Based Configuration
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Table 4-8. Statistics for Service_777_pbit_4 (CoS 3), Upstream,
CIR = 5 Mbps, EIR = 2 Mbps
Fwd Green Packets
1288
Fwd Green Bytes
1795534
Fwd YellowPackets
0
Fwd Yellow Bytes
0
Dccrd Green Packet
0
Dscrd Green Bytes
0
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
0
Dscrd Red Packets
0
Dscrd Red Bytes
0
The monitoring screen indicates that all packets are green. The movie is
transmitting at around 1.5 Mbps and CIR = 5 Mbps so all the packets are green
and forwarding.
Table 4-9. Statistics for Service_777_pbit_4 (CoS 3), Upstream,
CIR = 1 Mbps, EIR = 2 Mbps
Fwd Green Packets
839
Fwd Green Bytes
1180946
Fwd YellowPackets
47
Fwd Yellow Bytes
64766
Dccrd Green Packet
0
Dscrd Green Bytes
0
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
0
Dscrd Red Packets
0
Dscrd Red Bytes
0
Since the movie transmits at around 1.5 Mbps and CIR = 1 Mbps and
EIR = 2 Mbps using a 22 Mbps uplink, all yellow packets are forwarded as well.
Table 4-10. Statistics for Service_777_pbit_4 (CoS 3), Upstream,
CIR = 1 Mbps, EIR = 200 Kbps
Fwd Green Packets
697
Fwd Green Bytes
985270
Fwd YellowPackets
118
Fwd Yellow Bytes
165360
Dccrd Green Packet
0
Dscrd Green Bytes
0
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
0
Dscrd Red Packets
247
Dscrd Red Bytes
340366
Since the movie transmits at around 1.5 Mbps using CIR=1 Mbps and
EIR=200 Kbps, 300 Kbps worth of bandwidth is lacking and therefore the
equivalent amount of red packets is dropped.
³
To test the bandwidth profiles for the SHDSL interface at various rates:
1. Navigate to Configuration>QoS>Ingress BW Profiles and select
BW_for_Service_777.
2. Click <Change>.
The Change Ingress BW Profiles window appears (Figure 4-27).
3. Set the CIR to 5000 Kbps and the EIR to 3000 Kbps.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
4-27
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 4-30. Change window for BW_for_service_777, CIR = 5 Mbps, EIR = 3 Mbps
4. For the SHDSL connection, navigate to the PCS dialog as follows:
1. From the LA-210 View window, click Configuration > SHDSL Lines.
The SHDSL Layers window appears.
Figure 4-31. SHDSL Layers
2. Click <Edit> and select PCS from the list.
The PCS dialog appears (Figure 4-32).
4-28
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Figure 4-32. PCS Dialog
5. Set the Egress Rate Limit to 960 Kbps and click <Set>.
Parts of the green packets are being dropped, since content is being
transmitted at around 1.5 Mbps, CIR = 5 Mbps and EIR = 3 Mbps and the
SHDSL port has been limited to 1 Mbps.
Table 4-11. Statistics for Service_777_pbit_4 (CoS 3), Upstream,
CIR = 5 Mbps, EIR =3 Mbps, SHDSL Egress Rate Limit = 1 Mbps
Fwd Green Packets
2744
Fwd Green Bytes
3787644
Fwd YellowPackets
0
Fwd Yellow Bytes
0
Dccrd Green Packet
596
Dscrd Green Bytes
821288
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
0
Dscrd Red Packets
0
Dscrd Red Bytes
0
Since the movie transmits at around 1.5 Mbps and CIR = 5 Mbps and
EIR = 3 Mbps and reducing the SHDSL Egress Rate Limit to 1 Mbps, some green
packets are dropped.
Table 4-12. Statistics for Service_777_pbit_4 (CoS 3), Upstream,
CIR = 0.5 Mbps, EIR =3 Mbps, SHDSL Egress Rate Limit = 1 Mbps
Fwd Green Packets
490
Fwd Green Bytes
686244
Fwd YellowPackets
448
Fwd Yellow Bytes
622856
Dccrd Green Packet
0
Dscrd Green Bytes
0
Dscrd Yellow Packets
337
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
475410
Dscrd Red Packets
0
Dscrd Red Bytes
0
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
4-29
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
Table 4-13. Statistics for Service_777_pbit_4 (CoS 3), Upstream,
CIR = 0.3 Mbps, EIR =0.2 Mbps, SHDSL Egress Rate Limit = 1 Mbps
Fwd Green Packets
664
Fwd Green Bytes
926016
Fwd YellowPackets
170
Fwd Yellow Bytes
234260
Dccrd Green Packet
0
Dscrd Green Bytes
0
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
0
Dscrd Red Packets
116
Dscrd Red Bytes
159848
Since the movie transmits at around 1.5 Mbps and CIR = 0.3 Mbps and
EIR = 0.2 Mbps and the SHDSL Egress Rate Limit is 1 Mbps, all green and all
yellow packets are transferred. Some red packets are dropped.
4-30
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Priority Testing
This section explains how to test priority settings for two services with two
different priority bits that you configured previously, with modified priority and
with all frames transmitted at the same priority.
Using the Previously Configured Priority
This section explains how to test the priority that has been defined earlier for
Service777 and Service555.
p.bit 7 is mapped to CoS 6 and p.bit 4 is mapped to CoS 3. CoS 3 is mapped to
queue 2 and CoS 6 is mapped to queue 4. This means that frames arriving to
queue 4 get higher priority than the frames arriving to queue 2.
³
To perform bandwidth tests on services mapped to priority bits:
1. Configure Service777_pbit_4 to CIR = 5000 Kbps and EIR = 2000 Kbps.
Figure 4-33. Bandwidth Profile for Service777 - CIR = 5 Mbps, EIR = 2 Mbps
2. Configure Service555_pbit_7 to CIR = 1000 Kbps and EIR = 2000 Kbps.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
Figure 4-34. Bandwidth Profile for Service555 - CIR = 1 Mbps, EIR = 2 Mbps
3. For the SHDSL connection, navigate to the PCS dialog (Configuration > SHDSL
Lines > PCS) and set the Egress Rate Limit to 1000 Kbps (Figure 4-32).
4. To view the CoS statistics, navigate to Statistics > Flows Statistics > CoS – 6
and click <Statistics>.
Table 4-14. Statistics for Flow 1_(VLAN777-555) Service 555_pbit_7 (CoS 6), Upstream, CIR = 1 Mbps, EIR =2 Mbps,
Fwd Green Packets
87
Fwd Green Bytes
5916
Fwd YellowPackets
0
Fwd Yellow Bytes
0
Dccrd Green Packet
0
Dscrd Green Bytes
0
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
0
Dscrd Red Packets
0
Dscrd Red Bytes
0
Table 4-15. Statistics for Flow 1_(VLAN777-555) Service 777_pbit_4 (CoS 3), Upstream, CIR = 5 Mbps, EIR =2 Mbps,
4-32
Fwd Green Packets
4729
Fwd Green Bytes
6530429
Fwd YellowPackets
0
Fwd Yellow Bytes
0
Dccrd Green Packet
238
Dscrd Green Bytes
327964
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
0
Dscrd Red Packets
0
Dscrd Red Bytes
0
•
Service555_pbit_7 (CoS 6):
All green packets are transferred since they are associated with CoS 6, which
are transmitted at a higher priority than the ones associated with CoS 3.
•
Service777_pbit_4 (CoS 3):
Some green packets are transferred and others are dropped since the Egress
rate limit (SHDSL) is set to 1 Mbps and Service555 has a higher priority,
causing its packets to be transferred first.
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
To modify the CIR and EIR:
³
1. Configure Service777_pbit_4 to CIR = 5000 Kbps EIR = 2000 Kbps.
2. Configure Service555_pbit_7 to CIR = 0 Kbps and EIR = 2000 Kbps.
3. For the SHDSL connection, navigate to the PCS dialog (Configuration > SHDSL
Lines > PCS) and set the Egress Rate Limit to 1000 Kbps (Figure 4-32).
4. To view the CoS statistics, navigate to Statistics > Flows Statistics > CoS – 6
and click <Statistics>.
Table 4-16. Statistics for Flow 1_(VLAN777-555) Service 555_pbit_7 (CoS 6), Upstream, CIR = 32 Kbps, EIR =2 Mbps,
Fwd Green Packets
0
Fwd Green Bytes
0
Fwd YellowPackets
258
Fwd Yellow Bytes
17544
Dccrd Green Packet
0
Dscrd Green Bytes
0
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
0
Dscrd Red Packets
0
Dscrd Red Bytes
0
Table 4-17. Statistics for Flow 1_(VLAN777-555) Service 777_pbit_4 (CoS 3), Upstream, CIR = 5 Mbps, EIR =2 Mbps,
Fwd Green Packets
44158
Fwd Green Bytes
60852602
Fwd YellowPackets
0
Fwd Yellow Bytes
0
Dccrd Green Packet
16430
Dscrd Green Bytes
22635579
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
31694
Dscrd Red Packets
0
Dscrd Red Bytes
0
•
Service555_pbit_7 (CoS 6):
All yellow packets are transferred since they are associated with CoS 6, which
are transmitted at a higher priority than the ones associated with CoS 3.
•
Service777_pbit_4 (CoS 3):
Some green packets are transferred and others are dropped since the Egress
rate limit (SHDSL) is set to 1 Mbps and Service555 has a higher priority,
causing its packets to be transferred first.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
Defining the Same Priority to All Frames
Follow the instructions under Configuring LA-210 for Advanced Configuration
to map both p.bit 7 and p.bit 4 to CoS 6.
This means that frames with p.bit 4 and 7 are mapped to CoS 6 and therefore to
the same queue.
³
To define CIR and EIR settings:
1. Configure Service777_pbit_4 to CIR = 10000 Kbps and EIR = 2000 Kbps.
2. Configure Service555_pbit_7 to CIR = 1000 Kbps and EIR = 2000 Kbps.
Figure 4-35. Bandwidth Profile for Service777 - CIR = 10 Mbps, EIR = 2 Mbps
4-34
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Figure 4-36. Bandwidth Profile for Service555 - CIR = 1 Mbps, EIR = 2 Mbps
3. For the SHDSL connection, navigate to the PCS menu (Configuration>Physical
Layer>SHDSL>PCS) and set the Egress Rate Limit to 1000 Kbps (Figure 4-32).
LA-210 forwards some green packets of both Service555_pbit_7 and
Service777_pbit_4 and drops the remainder.
³
To test the new mappings:
1. Start the VLC server to transmit the movie and the client to view the result.
2. Using a serial connection, connect the server PC to ETX-202 Server and log on
to it.
3. Verify that there will be no response to pinging an ETX unit from the second
one. To do so, log on to one of the ETX-202 units, navigate to the Ping menu
(Diagnostics>Ping) and start pinging the second ETX-202 unit.
4. Following the instructions above, ping ETX-202 Server from ETX-202 Client.
5. To view the CoS statistics, navigate to Statistics > Flows Statistics > CoS – 6
and click <Statistics>.
6. View the CoS statistics for CoS3 (Statistics > Flows Statistics > CoS – 3).
Table 4-18. Statistics for Flow 1_(VLAN777-555) Service 777_pbit_4 and 7 (CoS 6 and CoS 3),
Upstream, CIR = 10 Mbps, EIR =2 Mbps
Fwd Green Packets
8285
Fwd Green Bytes
1114948
Fwd YellowPackets
0
Fwd Yellow Bytes
0
Dccrd Green Packet
681
Dscrd Green Bytes
92140
Dscrd Yellow Packets
0
Dscrd Yellow Bytes
0
Dscrd Red Packets
0
Dscrd Red Bytes
0
Both services, Service555_pbit_7 and Service777_pbit_4 are associated with the
same CoS, therefore the results are identical.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
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Chapter 4 Configuring a Flow-Based Point-To-Point Application
Installation and Operation Manual
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Diagnostics>Ping
1.
2.
3.
4.
Destination IP Address
Number of Frames to Send[0 - 50]
Send Ping
Stop Ping
... (0.0.0.0)
... (1)
>
Please select item <1 to 4>
ESC-prev.menu; !-main menu; &-exit
1 Mngr/s
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Reply from host 172.17.182.24 time = 310m
Reply from host 172.17.182.24 time = 320m
Reply from host 172.17.182.24 time = 320m
Reply from host 172.17.182.24 time = 320m
Reply from host 172.17.182.24 time = 320m
Host 172.17.182.24 request timed out.
Reply from host 172.17.182.24 time = 320m
Figure 4-37. Ping Results - ETX-202 Server to ETX-202 Client
The ping test shows that not all the pings are replied to and the ones that are
replied to are replied to with a delay of about 300 msec. The reason is that all
frames are mapped to the same queue and the SHDSL port is limited to 1 Mbps
and the green packets are greater larger than 1 Mbps.
4-36
Testing the Flow Based Configuration
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.5
Chapter 5
Performance Management
This chapter discusses how to monitor the performance of the LA-210 system
using RADview-EMS/NGN.
This chapter explains how to perform the following tasks:
•
Viewing System Statistics
ƒ
Polling the Agent
…
ƒ
Viewing Flow Statistics
…
ƒ
•
•
•
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Setting the Polling Interval
Viewing Service Statistics
Clearing All Statistics
Viewing SHDSL Port Statistics
ƒ
Viewing Line Statistics
ƒ
Viewing PCS Statistics
ƒ
Viewing ATM Statisticss
ƒ
Viewing VCC Statistics
Viewing Ethernet Port Statistics
ƒ
Viewing Rx Frame Types
ƒ
Viewing Tx Frame Types
ƒ
Viewing Errors
ƒ
Clearing All Statistics
Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics
ƒ
Accessing the OAM (CFM) Statistics Dialog
ƒ
Viewing Running Counters
ƒ
Viewing Current Frames
ƒ
Viewing Current Delays
ƒ
Viewing Interval Frames
ƒ
Viewing Interval Delays
Viewing System Statistics
5-1
Chapter 5 Performance Management
5.1
User’s Manual
Viewing System Statistics
RADview allows you to set the polling interval and view OAM (CFM) statistics for
the LA-210 system.
Polling the Agent
Polling the agent updates the LA-210 device status. You can execute either
manual or automatic polling of the LA-210 system. Device components are
automatically polled once every minute. However, you can also manually poll and
update the status of the components.
³
To manually poll the agent components:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Configuration > Poll Agent.
The components are polled and their status is updated immediately.
Setting the Polling Interval
You can set the polling interval by selecting the time (in seconds) that will pass
between two successive statistics polls of LA-210 ports.
³
To set the polling interval:
1. In the View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > Polling Interval.
Figure 5-1. Polling Interval Dialog Box
3. Fill in the field, as described in Table 5-1.
4. Click <Set> to implement the changes.
The new polling interval is set after the dialog box is refreshed, and
affects all Statistics dialog boxes of all ports. When updating the polling
interval while other dialog boxes are open, the new polling range is
updated only after an automatic polling occurs or upon clicking Poll.
5-2
Viewing System Statistics
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 5 Performance Management
Table 5-1. Polling Interval Dialog Box Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Polling Interval (sec)
Polling interval in seconds.
5, 10 (default), 15…60
Viewing Flow Statistics
You can view flow statistics per selected port.
³
To view flow statistics:
1. In the View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > Flows Statistics.
The Flows Statistics Main screen is displayed, displaying the configured
flows below the associated ports.
3. Select the desired flow.
The associated flow parameters appear.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing System Statistics
5-3
Chapter 5 Performance Management
User’s Manual
Figure 5-2. Flows Statistic Dialog – Port Parameters
5-4
Viewing System Statistics
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 5 Performance Management
Table 5-2. Flows Statistics - Port Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Interface
Port to which the values apply.
USER
USER
USER
USER
-
ETH
ETH
ETH
ETH
1
2
3
4
Flow ID
The flow ID, assigned when the flow was added.
Flow Name
The flow name, assigned when the flow was added.
User Port Mapping Mode
Determines if the flow is composed of user defined ranges or from unclassified
frames.
Unclassified
User Mapping
Default: User Mapping
VLAN ID
The members of a VLAN mapped to the flow.
1 – <highest VLAN ID assigned (max. 4094)
Default: No members
VLAN 802.1p
The members of a VLAN P-bit mapped to the flow.
0 – <highest VLAN ID assigned (max. 7)
Default: No members
DSCP
The members of a DSCP/TOS priority bit mapped to the flow.
0 – 64
Default: No members
IP Precedence
The members of an IP Precedence mapped to the flow. The IP precedence is
derived from the TOS bits 0-2 precedence.
0–7
Default: No members
CoS Method
The method to classify frames to specific services.
Fixed
Profile
Default: Profile
Co Value
Fixed service CoS value
0–7
Default: 0
CoS Profile
The name of the CoS profile
Default: CoSDefaultProfile1
Ingress BW Profile
The Ingress Bandwidth Profile index
Unfined
DefaultIngressBW1
Default: Undefined
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing System Statistics
5-5
Chapter 5 Performance Management
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
SP VLAN Action
The SP-VLAN action for the current flow.
User’s Manual
None
Stack
Default: Stack
Note: This parameter displays for UNI ports only.
SP VLAN
The VLAN added to the flow when it egresses from the network.
0, 1 – 4094
Default: 0 (no VLAN specified)
Note: This parameter displays for UNI ports only.
Marking
The method defined for marking, either using an encoding table defined per
flow or using a fixed value.
Fixed - Fixed priority value will be marked on SP-TAG.
Profile - Marking will be derived from the marking profile attached to the Flow–
MIB value 255.
Note: This parameter displays for UNI ports only.
Marking Value
An index to the Marking profile.
1–8
Default: 1
Marking Profile
CE-VLAN Action
The CE VLAN action for the current flow.
None
Stack
Swap
Default: Stack
Note: This parameter appears for UNI ports only.
4. Click Statistics and then select Upstream or Downstream as desired.
The statistics for the respective flows appear.
5-6
Viewing System Statistics
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 5 Performance Management
Figure 5-3. Flows Statistics
Viewing Service Statistics
Statistics for classes of service (CoS) associated with a flow can be viewed
separately.
³
To view CoS statistics:
1. In the View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > Flows Statistics.
The Flows Statistics Main screen is displayed, displaying the configured
flows and associated services (CoS) below the associated flows.
3. Select the desired service (CoS).
The associated service parameters appear.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing System Statistics
5-7
Chapter 5 Performance Management
User’s Manual
Figure 5-4. Service Statistics
5-8
Viewing System Statistics
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 5 Performance Management
Table 5-3. Flows Statistics - Port Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
UNI
The port associated with the flow to which the relevant CoS applies.
USER
USER
USER
USER
-
ETH
ETH
ETH
ETH
1
2
3
4
Flow
The flow ID of the respective flow.
CoS
The CoS associated with this flow.
Name
The name you assigned to this service
Ingress BW Profile
The Ingress BW Profile ID
4. Click Statistics and then click Upstream.
The statistics for the respective CoS appear.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing System Statistics
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Chapter 5 Performance Management
User’s Manual
Figure 5-5. Service Statistics
5-10
Viewing System Statistics
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 5 Performance Management
Clearing All Statistics
³
To clear all statistics:
1. In the View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > Clear All Statistics and confirm your
request.
All statistics are cleared.
5.2
Viewing SHDSL Port Statistics
RADview allows you to view statistics for LA-210’s SHDSL ports.
Viewing Line Statistics
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 allows monitoring the statistics for each SHDSL line
separately.
³
To view line statistics:
1. In the View window, select an SHDSL line
.
The Statistic menu for SHDSL lines appears.
Figure 5-6. Statistics Menu – SHDSL Line
Note
ATM and VCC are available if the TC Layer under Configuration > SHDSL Lines is
set to ATM.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > Line.
A dialog appears letting you choose the options (Figure 5-7).
3. In the Statistics Options screen, click Statistics.
The selected statistics appear (Figure 5-8).
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing SHDSL Port Statistics
5-11
Chapter 5 Performance Management
User’s Manual
Figure 5-7. Statistic Options – SHDSL Line
Table 5-4. SHDSL Line Statistics Parameters
5-12
Parameter
Description
Line
The line number for which the statistics are displayed
Current > 15 min
The statistics counters in current 15 minutes intervals.
Current > One Day
The statistics counters in current 1 day intervals.
Current > Accumulated
Accumulated statistics counters.
Intervals > 15 min
The statistics counters in intervals of 15 minutes.
Intervals > One Day
The statistics counters in intervals of 1 day.
(Interval number 0 represents the current counters.)
Wire Pair
The SHDSL line selected
Viewing SHDSL Port Statistics
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 5 Performance Management
Figure 5-8. SHDSL Line Statistics – 15 Min Current Data
Table 5-5. SHDSL Line Statistics – 15 Min Current Data
Parameter
Description
Time Elapsed (sec)
Time that has elapsed since starting the statistics
Errored Seconds (ES)
The number of Errored Seconds during the interval.
Severely Errored Seconds (SES)
The number of Severely Errored Seconds during the
interval.
CRC Anomalies
The number of CRC anomalies during the interval.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing SHDSL Port Statistics
5-13
Chapter 5 Performance Management
User’s Manual
Parameter
Description
Loss of Sync Word Seconds
(LOSWS)
The number of Loss of Sync Word (LOSW) Seconds
during the interval.
Unavailable Seconds (UAS)
The number of unavailable Seconds (UAS) during the
interval.
Viewing PCS Statistics
For this parameter to be available, TC Layer under Configuration > SHDSL Lines
must be set to 64-65 Octet.
³
To view PCS statistics:
1. Open the Statistics menu as explained above and then select PCS.
The PCS Statistics appear.
Table 5-6. PCS Statistics
Parameter
Description
Rx Total Frames
The total number of frames received
Rx Total Errors
The total number of errors received
Rx Total Bytes
The total number of bytes received
Tx Total Frames
The total number of frames transmitted
Tx Total Bytes
The total number of bytes transmitted
Tx Dropped Frames
The number of frames dropped
Viewing ATM Statistics
ATM Statistics are available if TC Layer under Configuration > SHDSL Lines is set
to ATM.
³
To view ATM statistics:
2. In the View window, select an SHDSL line
.
The Statistic menu for SHDSL lines appears.
Figure 5-9. Statistics Menu – SHDSL Line
5-14
Viewing SHDSL Port Statistics
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Note
Chapter 5 Performance Management
ATM and VCC are available if the TC Layer under Configuration > SHDSL Lines is
set to ATM.
3. On the menu bar, click Statistics > ATM.
The ATM statistics appear.
Figure 5-10. Statistics Menu (ATM) – SHDSL Line
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing SHDSL Port Statistics
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Chapter 5 Performance Management
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Viewing VCC Statistics
VCC Statistics are available if TC Layer under Configuration > SHDSL Lines is set to
ATM.
³
To view VCC statistics:
1. In the View window, select an SHDSL line
.
The Statistic menu for SHDSL lines appears.
Figure 5-11. Statistics Menu – SHDSL Line
Note
ATM and VCC are available if the TC Layer under Configuration > SHDSL Lines is
set to ATM.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > VCC.
The VCC statistics appear.
5-16
Viewing SHDSL Port Statistics
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Chapter 5 Performance Management
5.3
Viewing Ethernet Port Statistics
RADview allows you to view statistics for LA-210’s Ethernet ports, including
counters for frame types (Rx and Tx), errors, and frame sizes (Rx and Tx).
Viewing Rx Frame Types
³
To view Rx frame types:
1. In the View window, select an Ethernet port
.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics.
The Statistic menu for Ethernet ports appears.
Figure 5-12. Statistics Menu – Port Level
3. Click Rx Frame Types.
The Rx Frames statistics appear.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing Ethernet Port Statistics
5-17
Chapter 5 Performance Management
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Figure 5-13. Rx Frame Types Dialog Box
4. View the read-only fields, as described in Table 5-7.
Table 5-7. Rx Frame Types Dialog Box Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Correct Bytes
Number of correct bytes received.
Correct Frames
Number of frames successfully received.
Viewing Tx Frame Types
³
To view Tx frame types:
1. In the View window, select a port.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > Tx Frame Types.
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Chapter 5 Performance Management
Figure 5-14. Tx Frame Types Dialog Box
Table 5-8. Rx Frame Types Dialog Box Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Correct Bytes
Number of correct bytes received.
Correct Frames
Number of frames successfully received.
Viewing Errors
³
To view errors:
1. In the View window, select a port.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > Errors.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing Ethernet Port Statistics
5-19
Chapter 5 Performance Management
User’s Manual
Figure 5-15. Errors Dialog Box
3. View the read-only fields, as described in Table 5-9.
5-20
Viewing Ethernet Port Statistics
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 5 Performance Management
Table 5-9. Errors Dialog Box Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
FCS Errors
The number of frames with FCS errors received by the selected port.
Single Collisions
The number of transmission attempts that experienced a single collision.
Multiple Collisions
The number of transmission attempts that experienced multiple collisions.
Total Collisions
The number of all transmission attempts that experienced a collision.
Tx Deferred
Transmissions
The number of transmission attempts deferred in order to avoid a collision.
Tx Late Collisions
The number of transmission attempts that experienced late collisions.
Tx Congestion Dropped
Frames
The number of frames discarded due to a lack of buffer space.
Clearing All Statistics
1. In the View window, select the desired port.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > Clear All Statistics and confirm your
request.
All statistics of the selected port are cleared.
5.4
Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics
You can display end-to-end connectivity and performance monitoring data for the
existing flows and the associated services. The statistics are available for the 15minute and 24-hour periods.
Accessing the OAM (CFM) Statistics Dialog
This section explains how to access the OAM (CFM) Statistics Dialog from where
you can choose the desired statistics.
³
To access the OAM (CFM) Statistics:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Statistics > OAM (CFM.
The OAM (CFM) Statistics dialog appears.
3. Select the desired service as illustrated in Figure 5-16.
4. Click <Statistics> and choose the desired option from the menu.
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Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics
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Chapter 5 Performance Management
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Figure 5-16. OAM (CFM) Statistics Dialog
Viewing Running Counters
³
To view running counters:
•
On the OAM (CFM) Statistics dialog, click <Statistics> and choose Running
Counters from the menu.
The Running Counters statistics appear.
5-22
Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics
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Chapter 5 Performance Management
Figure 5-17. OAM (CFM) Statistics – Running Counters
Viewing Current Frames
³
To view current frames:
•
On the OAM (CFM) Statistics dialog, click <Statistics> and choose Current
Frames from the menu.
The Current Frames statistics appear.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics
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Chapter 5 Performance Management
User’s Manual
Figure 5-18. OAM (CFM) Statistics – Current Frames
Viewing Current Delays
³
To view current delays:
•
On the OAM (CFM) Statistics dialog, click <Statistics> and choose Current
Delays from the menu.
The Current Delays statistics appear.
5-24
Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics
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Chapter 5 Performance Management
Figure 5-19. OAM (CFM) Statistics – Current Delays
Viewing Interval Frames
³
To view interval frames:
•
On the OAM (CFM) Statistics dialog, click <Statistics> and choose Interval
Frames from the menu.
The Interval Frames statistics appear.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
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5-25
Chapter 5 Performance Management
User’s Manual
Figure 5-20. OAM (CFM) Statistics – Interval Frames
Viewing Interval Delays
³
To view interval delays:
•
On the OAM (CFM) Statistics dialog, click <Statistics> and choose Interval
Delays from the menu.
The Interval Delays statistics appear.
5-26
Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics
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Chapter 5 Performance Management
Figure 5-21. OAM (CFM) Statistics – Interval Delays
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics
5-27
Chapter 5 Performance Management
5-28
Viewing OAM (CFM) Statistics
User’s Manual
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Chapter 6
Security Management
This chapter describes how to manage LA-210 security.
•
Understanding RADview User Security Levels
ƒ
Monitor
ƒ
Technician
ƒ
Operator
ƒ
Administrator
•
Configuring Host Parameters
•
Configuring SNMP
•
Configuring Management Access.
6.1
Understanding RADview User Security Levels
RADview/OV, when running on a UNIX based operating system, supports the
users and permissions security feature. This section presents an overview of the
four user security levels: Monitor, Technician, Operator, and Administrator. The
user security levels are managed by RADview-EMS/NGN via the Security > User
Manager menu path. For further details, refer to the RADview-EMS/NGN NMS
User’s Manual.
This security feature defines the following different types of users:
•
Monitor
•
Technician
•
Operator
•
Administrator
The above list is written in order of increasing access rights; the Monitor has the
fewest access rights and the Administrator has the most access rights. The more
privileged access level has access to all of the features to which the less
privileged access level has access.
Each type of user has a different level of permission to access LA-210 application
data. The permissions are per menu and per dialog box. Some users have
permission for read and write (RW) access to all of the menus and dialog boxes;
others have only partial access. Some users have read-only (RO) access or are
prohibited access to some of the menus and dialog boxes.
For example: a Technician level user has more access rights than a Monitor level
user. Therefore, if a Monitor level user has write (Set) permission to the data in a
specific dialog box, then a Technician level user also has write permission.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Understanding RADview User Security Levels
6-1
Chapter 6 Security Management
User’s Manual
The menus always look the same for all users. If a user attempts to display a
dialog box or to select a menu item that he is not permitted to access, a message
will be displayed stating that he has no permission to access that function.
For example: clicking a Set button, or another RW function, requires read and
write access. Therefore, a user with read-only access who tries to access these
functions will be denied access.
Only an Administrator can add or remove nodes from the Service Center map. For
further details, refer to the chapter on Security in the RADview-EMS/NGN System
Manual.
Monitor
A user at the Monitor level may monitor all types of information related to the
managed device, but cannot do any action that causes any change in the device.
This means that any action that writes data to the agent is disallowed. Examples
of write (set) operations include:
•
Set
•
Apply
•
Delete
•
Change
•
Add
•
Remove
These operations are disallowed, whether from attempted from within a dialog
box or selected via a menu option. The NMS provides feedback on a disallowed
operation in one of the following ways:
•
To obtain maximum information, the Monitor can change any fields (edit,
combo-box, etc.) in a dialog box, but these changes cannot be activated
because the write operations are blocked. Attempting to activate a change
will be rejected, and the Monitor user will be notified via an information
dialog box.
•
Some dialog boxes do not provide any additional information, but merely
allow changes in the system. Since a Monitor cannot use these dialog boxes,
they cannot be displayed at all at this level.
A Monitor level user has write access to the following (system level) LA-210
Agent functions:
6-2
•
Poll the LA-210 Agent
•
View the history log
Understanding RADview User Security Levels
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 6 Security Management
Technician
The Technician can perform all of the Monitor level functions (such as those that
were just listed), and, in addition, is allowed write access to the following
(system level) LA-210 function:
•
Clear the history log
The responses to disallowed actions, beyond the Technician level permissions,
are handled in the same manner as for the Monitor level.
Operator
The Operator is granted all of the permissions needed to perform any task
related to LA-210 management. The Operator can also perform all of the Monitor
and Technician level functions.
Administrator
The Administrator has all of the Operator permissions and, in addition, has access
to the RADview-EMS/NGN User Manager function (this function is not accessible
by the Operator). The Administrator can also perform all of the Monitor,
Technician, and Operator level functions.
6.2
Configuring Host Parameters
RADview allows you define a dedicated management VLAN and assign a priority
level to it. IP settings can be viewed from this screen, but must be configured the
terminal application or ConfiguRAD.
³
To configure host parameters:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Options > Host.
The Host dialog appears (Figure 6-1).
3. Set the parameters fields as detailed in Table 6-1.
4. Click Set.
The parameters are set.
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Figure 6-1. Host Dialog Box
Table 6-1. Host Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
IP Address
The unit’s IP address (read-only).
Note: The IP address must be configured using the Terminal application.
IP Mask
The subnet that the unit belongs to (read-only).
Note: The subnet mask must be configured using the Terminal application.
Default Gateway
The default gateway (read-only).
Note: The default gateway must be configured using the Terminal application.
VLAN Tagging
Enables specifying a VLAN ID and a VLAN priorty, for example to create a
dedicated management VLAN.
Checked (enabled)
Cleared (disabled)
Default: Cleared
VLAN ID
Specifies the VLAN ID
1–4094
VLAN Priority
Specifies the priority of that VLAN
0–7
6.3
Configuring SNMP
RADview allows you to view and modify SNMP settings; enabling you to specify
the management station(s) that can transmit or receive LA-210 traps. There may
be between one to ten management stations defined.
You cannot change the number of management stations, or the Manager IDs, but
you can change the IP address(es).
6-4
Configuring SNMP
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Chapter 6 Security Management
³
To view or specify the management station IP address to which to send traps:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Options > Manager List.
Figure 6-2. Manager List Dialog Box
3. Fill in the fields, as described in Table 6-2.
4. Change the IP addresses, as required.
5. To configure that the specific manager will not receive traps from the device,
select the relevant Mask Traps check box adjacent to that address.
6. To configure that the specific manager will receive traps from the device,
clear the relevant Mask Traps check box adjacent to that address.
7. Set the UDP Trap Port.
8. Click <Set> to implement the changes.
Upon set, the NMS checks the IP Address. If it is 0.0.0.0 and Mask Trap
check-box is checked, the following error-message appears in the status
bar: “Illegal IP Address when Traps are Masked”.
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Configuring SNMP
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Chapter 6 Security Management
User’s Manual
Table 6-2. Manager List Dialog Box Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Manager ID
Index of a specific IP address.
1–10
Read Only
IP Address
Destination address of the traps, a management station used to access LA-210.
Setting the IP address to 0.0.0.0 removes the entry.
IP address format: xx.xx.xx.xx
Mask Trap
Type of traps the agent should mask and not send to the NMS.
Cleared (not selected): The specific manager will receive traps from the device
Checked (selected): The specific manager will not receive traps from the device.
Default: Cleared
6.4
Configuring Management Access
RADview LA-210 enables/disables Telnet access, and Web management access.
³
To enable/disable Telnet and Web management accesses:
1. In the LA-210 View window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Options > Access.
Figure 6-3. Management Access Dialog Box
3. Fill in the fields, as described in Table 6-3.
4. Click <Set> to implement the change(s).
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Configuring Management Access
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Chapter 6 Security Management
Table 6-3. Management Access Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Telnet Access
Enables/disables accessing the device via Telnet as follows:
Disable: no one will be allowed to access the device via Telnet
All: all users are allowed Telnet access
Managers Only: only manager stations listed in the manager’s list are allowed
Telnet access
Secured Mode Only: all users are allowed Telnet access and only secure data will
be accepted
Secured Mode Managers Only: only manager stations listed in the manager’s list
are allowed Telnet access and only secure data will be accepted
Default: All
Web Access
Enables/disables accessing the device via the Web as follows:
Disable: no one will be allowed to access the device via Web
All: all users are allowed Web access
Managers Only: only manager stations listed in the manager’s list are allowed
Web access
Secured Mode Only: all users are allowed Web access and only secure data will be
accepted
Secured Mode Managers Only: only manager stations listed in the manager’s list
are allowed Web access and only secure data will be accepted
Default: All
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Configuring Management Access
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Chapter 6 Security Management
6-8
Configuring Management Access
User’s Manual
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Chapter 7
Fault Management
This chapter discusses how to manage faults and perform diagnostic testing for
the entire LA-210 system using RADview-EMS/NGN.
This chapter explains how to perform the following tasks:
•
Managing the Event Reporting for OAM (CFM)
•
Managing the History Log
ƒ
Viewing the History Log
ƒ
Clearing the History Log
7.1
Managing the Event Reporting for OAM (CFM)
You are able to specify sets of reporting and response parameters for the OAM
(CFM) reporting. To do so, you have to access the OAM (CFM) service dialog from
the Fault menu.
³
To access the OAM (CFM) services:
1. In the LA-210 window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Fault > Event Reporting Configuration for OAM (CFM)
Services.
A message appears that only proprietary OAM services are supported at
present.
3. Click <OK>.
The OAM Flow dialog appears.
Note
In order to enable the event reporting for OAM (CFM), OAM Mode in the OAM
Flow dialog and Performance Monitoring in the OAM (CFM) Service dialog must be
enabled.
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Managing the Event Reporting for OAM (CFM)
7-1
Chapter 7 Fault Management
User’s Manual
Figure 7-1. Event Reporting Dialog for OAM (CFM) Services
³
To access the OAM (CFM) event reporting configurations of a service:
•
In the Navigation pane to the left, select the desired service and click <Event
Report Configuration>.
The OAM Event Reporting Configuration dialog appears with event report
configurations that have been previously configured for the selected
service (Figure 7-2).
7-2
Managing the Event Reporting for OAM (CFM)
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
User’s Manual
Chapter 7 Fault Management
Figure 7-2. Event Reporting Configurations for OAM (CFM) Services
³
To add a configuration:
1. In the Event Reporting Configurations list, click <Add>.
The Add Event Reporting Configurations Services dialog appears.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Managing the Event Reporting for OAM (CFM)
7-3
Chapter 7 Fault Management
User’s Manual
Figure 7-3. Add Event Reporting Configurations for an OAM (CFM) Service
Table 7-1. Event Reporting Configurations for a an OAM (CFM) Service
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Flow ID
The ID of the flow associated with the service for which to add the event
reporting configuration.
Read-only
Flow Name
The name of the flow associated with the service for which to add the event
reporting configuration.
Read-only
Service
The service for which to add the event reporting configuration.
Variable
Unavailability Ratio. Ratio of unavailable frames versus available ones.
Frames above Delay Threshold. Frames above the defined accepted threshold
Frames above Delay Variation Threshold
Frame Loss Ratio. Ratio of lost frames
7-4
Managing the Event Reporting for OAM (CFM)
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Chapter 7 Fault Management
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Rising Threshold
A value above this threshold within the sampling interval for the specified
counter will be considered a rising event.
For Frames Above Delay or Frames Above Delay Variation:
1–2147483647
For Frame Loss Ratio or Unavailability Ratio:
1E-3, 1E-4, 1E-5, 1E-6, 1E-7, 1E-8, 1E-9, 1E-10
Default: 1
Falling Threshold
A value below this threshold within the sampling interval for the specified
counter will be considered a falling event.
For Frames Above Delay or Frames Above Delay Variation:
0–2147483647
For Frame Loss Ratio or Unavailability Ratio:
1E-3, 1E-4, 1E-5, 1E-6, 1E-7, 1E-8, 1E-9, 1E-10
Default: 1
Sample Type
Delta
Absolute
Sampling Interval (sec)
The interval in seconds above which the data is sampled and compared with the
rising and falling thresholds.
1–2147483647
Event Type
The Event type sent out after passing the threshold.
None
History Log
Trap
History Log & Trap
Default: None
³
To edit a configuration:
1. In the Event Reporting Configurations list (Figure 7-2), select the desired
event reporting configuration and click <Change>.
The Change Event Reporting Configurations Services dialog appears with
parameters to edit.
2. Modify the available parameters as outlined in Table 7-1 and then click <Set>.
³
To remove a configuration:
•
In the Event Reporting Configurations list (Figure 7-2), select the desired
configuration and click <Remove>.
The selected configuration is removed from the list.
³
To update the Event Reporting Configurations list:
•
In the Event Reporting Configurations list (Figure 7-2), click <Refresh>.
The Event Reporting Configurations list is updated.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Managing the Event Reporting for OAM (CFM)
7-5
Chapter 7 Fault Management
7.2
User’s Manual
Managing the History Log
Viewing the History Log
You can view a history log of all the alarms listed in the LA-210 System Alarm
Buffer. The System Alarm Buffer contains all the unmasked alarms recorded for
the whole device.
³
To view the history log:
1. In the LA-210 window, select the system.
2. On the menu bar, click Fault > History Log.
The History Log appears.
For the list of events, see Table 7-3
Figure 7-4. History Log
3. View the fields, as described in Table 7-2.
4. Do one of the following:
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Chapter 7 Fault Management
ƒ
Sort the alarm buffer list by clicking on one of the columns on the list.
You can sort each column independently. The Alarm Buffer list is sorted
according to the Date and Time column by default with the oldest shown
on the first line.
ƒ
To send the Alarm Buffer to a printer, click <Print>
ƒ
To save the Alarm Buffer to a file, click <Save to File>, select a location to
where to save the file, name the file and click <Save>.
ƒ
To retrieve/display the next 500 entries in the Alarm Buffer, click <Next>.
The history log can have a maximum of 1000 entries, and displays the
first 500 upon opening the dialog box, and the last 500 entries upon
clicking <Next>.
ƒ
To update the list, click <Refresh> or exit the window by clicking <Close>.
Table 7-2. History Log Alarm List Dialog Box Parameters
Parameter
Possible Values / Remarks
Code
The error code associated with the alarm
Port
The logical port where the error occurred.
Description
Description of the alarm.
Read-Only
Severity
The severity of the alarm
Info
Minor
Major
Critical
Date & Time
Date and time the alarm occurred.
Date format: yyyy-mm-dd
Time format: hh:mm:ss
Read-Only
Table 7-3. RADview-EMS/NGN LA-210 Events
Event
Description
Cold Start
Unit has been restarted.
Fatal Error XX
Hardware failure has been detected.
Fatal Error At XX Line XX
Hardware failure has been detected.
System User Reset
Overall reset was performed by the user.
Link Down (Port 1 \ Port 2 \ Port 3)
Network or user Ethernet port has been disconnected.
Link Up Port (Port 1 \ Port 2 \ Port 3)
Network or user Ethernet port has been connected.
Link Admin Down Port (Port 1 \ Port 2 \ Port Network or user Ethernet port has been disabled by the user.
3)
Login Via (Telnet, Web, Terminal)
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
LA-210 has been accessed via Telnet, Web or terminal.
Managing the History Log
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Event
Description
Invalid Login Via (Telnet, Web, Terminal)
Invalid user name or password was detected during initialization
of Telnet, Web or terminal control session.
IP X.X.X.X Assigned By Server X.X.X.X
IP address X.X.X.X has been assigned by DHCP server X.X.X.X.
IP X.X.X.X Is Released
IP address X.X.X.X has been released by LA-210.
Log File Recovered
Log file corruption has been detected and fixed at startup.
Connectivity Mismatch EVC X Off
No EVC ID or MEP ID mismatch has been detected on EVC X.
Connectivity Mismatch EVC X On
EVC ID or MEP ID mismatch has been detected on EVC X.
CC Failure EVC X Off
Continuity check on EVC X has failed.
CC Failure EVC X Off
Continuity check on EVC X has been restored.
Dropped Frames Exceeded Port X
Number of dropped frames exceeded configured threshold on
port X.
Dropped Frames Dropped Below Port X
Number of dropped frames dropped below configured threshold
on port X.
Undersized Frames Exceeded Port X
Number of undersized frames exceeded configured threshold on
port X.
Undersized Frames Dropped Below Port X
Number of undersized frames dropped below configured
threshold on port X.
Oversized Frames Exceeded Port X
Number of oversized frames exceeded configured threshold on
port X.
Oversized Frames Dropped Below Port X
Number of oversized frames dropped below configured
threshold on port X.
Fragmented Frames Exceeded Port X
Number of fragmented frames exceeded configured threshold
on port X.
Fragmented Frames Dropped Below Port X
Number of fragmented frames dropped below configured
threshold over port X.
Jabbers Exceeded Port X
Number of jabbers exceeded configured threshold on port X.
Jabbers Dropped Below Port X
Number of jabbers dropped below configured threshold on port X.
Frames Loss Ratio Exceeded Evc X Svc Y
Frames loss ratio exceeded configured threshold for service Y on
EVC X.
Frames Loss Ratio Dropped Below Evc X Svc Frames loss ratio dropped below configured threshold for service
Y
Y on EVC X.
Frames Above Delay Exceeded Evc X Svc Y
Number of frames above delay exceeded configured threshold for
service Y on EVC X.
Frames Above Delay Dropped Below Evc X
Svc Y
Number of frames above delay dropped below configured
threshold for service Y on EVC X.
Frms Above Del Var Exceeded Evc X Svc Y
Frames above delay variation exceeded configured threshold for
service Y on EVC X.
Frms Above Del Var Dropped Below Evc X
Frames above delay variation dropped below configured threshold
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Chapter 7 Fault Management
Event
Description
Svc Y
for service Y on EVC X.
Unavail Ratio Exceeded EVC X SVC Y
Unavailability ratio exceeded configured threshold for service Y on
EVC X.
Unavail Ratio Dropped Below EVC X SVC Y
Unavailability ratio dropped below configured threshold for service
Y on EVC X.
OAM (802.3ah) Remote Dying Gasp PortT X
Dying gasp indication has been received from the remote partner
on OAM link on port X.
OAM (802.3ah) Connectivity Fail Port X On
OAM connectivity has been lost on port X.
OAM (802.3ah) Connectivity Fail Port X Off OAM connectivity has been restored on port X.
OAM (802.3ah) Remote Link Fail Port X On
OAM connectivity failure has been received from the remote
partner on OAM link on port X.
OAM (802.3ah) Remote Link Fail Port X Off
OAM connectivity recovery has been received from the remote
partner on OAM link on port X.
OAM (802.3ah) Remote Critical Errors Port X Critical errors has been received from the remote partner on OAM
On
link on port X.
OAM (802.3ah) Remote Critical Errors Port X Critical error termination has been received from the remote
Off
partner on OAM link on port X.
OAM (802.3ah) Remote Loopback Port X On Remote loopback activation has been received from the remote
partner on OAM link on port X.
OAM (802.3ah) Remote Loopback Port X Off Remote loopback deactivation has been received from the remote
partner on OAM link on port X.
Clearing the History Log
You can clear the history log contained in the LA-210 Alarm Buffer. Selecting this
entry will clear all the entries of the Alarm Buffer.
³
To clear all alarms in the Alarm Buffer:
1. On the menu bar, click Fault > Clear History Log.
Figure 7-5. Clear History Log Dialog Box
2. Click <OK> to confirm clearing the Alarm Buffer.
The History Log is cleared.
In the History Log Alarm List, only alarms that occurred since the last
clearing will be displayed.
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
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Chapter 7 Fault Management
7-10
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User’s Manual
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210
Index
—1—
10/100 BASE-T
port, 1-2
—A—
Access
management, 6-6
rights, 6-1
RO, 6-1
RW, 6-1
Telnet, 6-6
Web, 6-6
Administrator (user), 6-1, 6-3
Agent
polling, 5-2
Alarms
buffer, 7-9
history log, 7-6
—B—
Bar
main menu, 2-9
status, 2-10
title, 2-9
toolbar, 2-10
—C—
Configuration
management, 3-1
SNMP, 6-4
Configuring
Flows, 3-14
Control port, 2-3
—D—
Date, 3-4
—E—
EFM, 1-1
Errors, viewing, 5-19
Ethernet
port parameters, 3-6, 3-9, 3-11
Ethernet in the First Mile. See EFM
Ethernet Port
parameters, 3-9
—F—
Fault
management, 7-1
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.2
FCAPS model, 1-2
Flows, 3-14
Frames
types
Rx, 5-17
Tx, 5-18
Front panel connectors, 2-15
—G—
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
using, 2-9
view window, 2-9
—H—
History log, 7-6
Host
parameters, 2-3, 6-3
—I—
Inband
management connection, 2-7
Indicators, 2-15
Installation, 2-1
Introduction, 1-1
—L—
Launching
RADview-EMS/NGN LA-210, 2-8
LEDs
color, 2-15
front panel, 2-16
status, 2-15
Level
port, 1-2
system, 1-2
—M—
Main menu
bar, 2-9
Management
access, 2-4, 6-6
adding NMS via CLI, 2-4
configuration, 3-1
configuring the SNMP communities, 2-6
connecting a terminal to the control port, 2-3
connecting to NMS, 2-7
fault, 7-1
inband connection, 2-7
network, 3-2
options, 2-2
I-1
Index
out-of-band connection, 2-7
performance, 5-1
pre-configuring LA-210, 2-2
security, 6-1
station, 6-4
Menus
Manager List, 2-5
Ping, 4-23
Monitor (user), 6-1, 6-2
—N—
Network
management, 2-2, 3-2
NMS
adding via CLI, 2-4
connecting to, 2-7
—O—
Object ID, 3-3
Operation, 2-1
Operational parameters, 3-6
Operator (user), 6-1, 6-3
Out-of-band
management connection, 2-7
Overview of LA-210, 1-1
—P—
Parameters
operational, 3-6
system, 3-2
Performance management, 5-1
Permissions
Unix, 6-1
Polling, 2-10
agent, 5-2
interval, 5-2
status, 5-2
Port
10/100 BASE-T, 1-2
level, 1-2
configuration, 3-6
SHDSL port parameters, 3-7
operations, 3-6
selecting, 2-14
SHDSL, 1-2
statistics, 5-17
status indicators, 2-15
—R—
Resetting
agent, 3-43
configuration, 3-43
Rights
access, 6-1
RO Access, 6-1
RW Access, 6-1
I-2
User’s Manual
—S—
Security
configuration, 6-1
management, 6-1
SHDSL
port, 1-2
SHDSL Port
parameters, 3-6
SNMP
communities, 2-6
configuration, 6-4
Statistics
clear all, 5-11
errors, 5-19
port, 5-17
Rx frames
types, 5-17
system, 5-2
Tx frames
types, 5-18
Status bar, 2-10
System, 2-11
alarm buffer, 7-6
date, 3-4
information, 3-2
level, 1-2, 1-3
selecting, 2-14
statistics, 5-2
time, 3-4
—T—
Technician (user), 6-1, 6-3
Telnet
access, 6-7
Terminal (ASCII)
connecting, 2-3
Time, 3-4
Title bar, 2-9
Toolbar
port, 2-10
system level, 2-10
Traps, 6-4
—U—
Users and permissions, 6-1
—V—
View window
device, 2-9
main menu bar, 2-9
status bar, 2-9
title bar, 2-9
toolbar, 2-9
—W—
Web access, 6-7
RV-EMS/NGN LA-210 Ver. 1.2