LQ-870/1170
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EPSON®
LQ-870/1170
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or
otherwise, without the prior written permission of Seiko Epson Corporation. No
patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained
herein. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the
information contained herein.
Neither Seiko Epson Corporation nor its affiliates shall be liable to the purchaser
of this product or third parties for damages, losses, costs or expenses incurred by
purchaser or third parties as a result of: accident, misuse, or abuse of this product
or unauthorized modifications, repairs, or alterations to this product.
Seiko Epson Corporation and its affiliates shall not be liable against any damages
arising from the use of any options other than those designated as Original Epson
Products or Epson Approved Products by Seiko Epson Corporation.
Epson and Epson ESC/P are registered trademarks,
Seiko Epson Corporation.
and ESC/P 2 is a trademark, of
General Notice: Other product names used herein are for identification purposes
only and may be trademarks of their respective companies.
Copyright © 1991 by Epson America, Inc., Torrance, California.
All rights reserved.
User’s Manual
For United States Users
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures,
.
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected
.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels which
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment. It is the responsibility of the
user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable with this device. If this
equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave cables connected to unused
interfaces.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s
authority to operate the equipment.
For Canadian Users
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian Department
of Communications.
Le present appareil numerique n’emet pas de bruits radioelectriques d&passant les limites
applicables aux appareils numeriques de Classe B prescrites dans le reglement sur le
brouillage radioelectrique edict6 par le Ministere des Communications du Canada.
ii
Tips for printing on single sheets
There are a few things you should know about printing on single sheets
as opposed to continuous paper. When you print on single sheets, you
may notice that your printer prints the first page of your file correctly
but then prints too low on the next page, or that it prints the last few
lines from one page onto the next.
These differences in print position are easy to adjust; you can simply
change some of the settings in your application program as described
below to get the right results.
1. When you install an application program, it normally asks you what
printer you are using. Make sure you choose the correct printer. See
Chapter 1 for the right printer to choose.
2. Many programs include an option to set the maximum lines per page.
If your program has a lines-per-page setting and you are using
standard 83 x 11-inch paper, set the lines per page to 61.
Note: To find the right lines-per-page setting for paper that is not St x
11, create a test document using your application program. Set your
top and bottom margins to 0 and then create a file of numbered lines
from 1 to 66. When you print your file, notice the last number printed
on the first page. This is your maximum lines-per-page setting.
3. If your program doesn’t have a lines-per-page setting, try decreasing
the top margin or increasing the bottom margin, or both, until you
get the results you want.
4. You can also try adjusting the form length setting. For a standard
8 x 11-inch page, try setting the form length at 10 inches.
5. Some programs also let you indicate whether you are using single
sheets or continuous paper. Make sure you choose single sheets.
iii
Where to Get Help for United States Users
Epson America provides local customer support and service
through a nationwide network of authorized Epson dealers and
Service Centers.
Epson also provides the following support services through the
Epson Consumer Resource Center at (800) 922-8911:
P Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized Epson Reseller or
Service Center
P Technical assistance with the installation, configuration, and
operation of Epson products
LI Information on application software drivers
P Sales of the Epson ESC/P Reference Manual, which has
comprehensive information on all commands, including
ESC/P 2
P Epson technical information library fax service
P Product literature with technical specifications on our current
and new products
P Sales of ribbons, supplies, parts, documentation, and accessories
for your Epson product
P Customer Relations.
iv
Contents
Introduction
Features ........................................................................................
Options ........................................................................................
Finding Your Way Around.. ......................................................
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes ................................................
Printer Parts.. ...............................................................................
1
1
2
3
3
4
Chapter 1 Setting Up the Printer
Unpacking the Printer.. ..........................................................
Choosing a Place for the Printer.. .........................................
Assembling the Printer.. .........................................................
Testing the Printer.. ................................................................
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer.. ........................
Configuring Your Software for the Printer.. .......................
1-1
1-2
1-4
1-6
1-10
1-14
1-15
Chapter 2 Paper Handling
Selecting a Paper Feeding Method .......................................
Using Single Sheets .................................................................
Using Continuous Paper ..........................................................
Switching Between Continuous and Single Sheets...... ............
Printing on Special Paper.. .......................................................
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-7
2-21
2-24
Chapter 3 Using the Printer
Control Panel.. ............................................................................
DIP Switches ..............................................................................
Micro Feed.. ................................................................................
Tear Off.. ....................................................................................
Typestyles .................................................................................
Data Dump Mode.. ..................................................................
3-1
3-2
3-6
3-13
3-16
3-19
3-23
Contents v
Chapter 4 Using the Printer Options
4-1
Cut-sheet Feeder .....................................................................
Additional Tractor Unit .........................................................
Interface Card ..........................................................................
4-2
4-13
4-16
Chapter 5 Maintenance and Transportation
Cleaning the Printer ...............................................................
Replacing the Ribbon.. ...........................................................
Transporting the Printer ........................................................
5-1
5-2
5-3
5-4
Chapter 6 Troubleshooting
Problems and Solutions ..........................................................
Power Supply ..........................................................................
Printing .....................................................................................
Paper Handling .......................................................................
Options ....................................................................................
6-1
6-2
6-3
6-4
6-8
6-10
Chapter 7 Technical Specifications
Printer Specifications ..............................................................
Interface Specifications ...........................................................
Optional Specifications ..........................................................
Initialization .............................................................................
7-1
7-2
7-10
7-14
7-16
8-1
Chapter 8 Command Summary
Using the Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
Commands Arranged by Topic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
A-1
Appendix
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
International Character Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-6
Glossary
GL-1
Index
IN-l
vi
Contents
Introduction
Your new Epson® 24-pin dot matrix printer combines a compact
design and high performance with a wide range of features.
Features
These features make your Epson printer an outstanding value:
Fast printing speed. Print up to 330 characters per second in 12
cpi draft mode.
Easy paper handling. Four paper paths to suit your printing
needs: top, rear, bottom, and front loading.
Flexibility. Load single sheets from the top or front paper slots
without removing your continuous paper supply.
Epson’s ESC/P 2. The first dot matrix printer control language
to offer scalable fonts and enhanced graphics.
Compatibility. Supports the Epson ESC/P commands widely
used in application programs written for other Epson LQ
printers.
More about ESC/P 2
Epson’s enhanced printer control language, ESC/P 2, offers two
scalable fonts in sizes from 8 to 32 points. You can use this feature
if your application program supports scalable fonts. For DOS-based
word processing programs, new ESC/P 2 drivers may be available
to enable your program to use your printer’s scalable fonts. Call
(800) 922-8911 to ask about special ESC/P 2 drivers.
For many graphics-based programs, such as Microsoft Windows,
ESC/P 2 works with your software to provide enhanced graphics
printing capability. In the Windows environment, you’ll be able to
print the Microsoft scalable fonts instead of the Epson fonts.
Introduction 1
Introduction
If you’re an experienced printer user, you may also want to order
the Epson ESC/P Referrence Manual for complete programming
information. Call the number above to purchase the reference
manual.
Options
For additional information on these options, see Chapter 4.
Single-Bin Cut-Sheet Feeder
(C806371 for LQ-870, C806391 for LQ-1170)
This economical cut-sheet feeder automatically feeds up to 50
sheets of paper into your printer without reloading.
High-Capacity Cut-Sheet Feeder
(C806381 for LQ-870, C806401 for LQ-1170)
This cut-sheet feeder automatically feeds up to 150 sheets of
paper or 25 plain bond envelopes without reloading. You can
create a double-bin cut-sheet feeder by connecting this cutsheet feeder to the single-bin model.
Additional Tractor Unit
(C800201 for LQ-870, C800211 for LQ-1170)
This option improves the performance of continuous-paper
handling. It is especially useful with continuous multi-part
forms. You can also use it to load two types of continuous
paper in the printer at the same time.
Film Ribbon Cartridge
(#7768 for LQ-870, #7770 for LQ-1170)
A film ribbon cartridge produces even higher quality printing
than the standard fabric ribbon.
Interface Card
(C823051/C823071)
Optional interface cards are available to supplement the
printer’s built-in parallel interface.
2
Introduction
Introduction
Finding Your Way Around
This manual provides fully illustrated, step-by-step instructions for
setting up and operating your printer.
Chapter 1 contains information on unpacking, setting up,
testing, and connecting the printer. Be sure to read this chapter
first.
Chapters 2 and 3 include important information on paper
handling and day-to-day operation of your printer.
Chapter 6 contains troubleshooting information. If the printer
does not operate properly or the printed results are not what
you expect, see Chapter 6 for a list of problems and solutions.
Other chapters contain information on installing options,
general maintenance, specifications, and printer commands.
There is also a glossary of printer terms and an index.
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
WARNINGS must be followed to avoid bodily injury.
I!!!’
CAUTIONS must be observed to avoid damage to your
equipment.
Notes contain important information and useful tips on the
operation of your printer.
Introduction 3
Introduction
Printer parts
paper guide
edge guides
front cover
paper tension unit
tractor
paper thickness lever
A C inlet
flrant edge guide
front paw
1 Note: In some countries, the power cord is attached.
4
Introduction
I
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1. Read all of these instructions and save them for later reference.
2. Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the product.
3. Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. Do
not use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for
cleaning.
4. Do not use this product near water.
5. Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, or table.
The product may fall, causing serious damage to the product.
6. Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are
provided for ventilation; to ensure reliable operation of the
product and to protect it from overheating, these openings
must not be blocked or covered. The openings should never be
blocked by placing the product on a bed, sofa, rug, or other
similar surface. This product should never be placed near or
over a radiator or heat register. This product should not be
placed in a built-in installation unless proper ventilation is
provided.
7. This product should be operated from the type of power source
indicated on the marking label. If you are not sure of the type
of power available, consult your dealer or local power
company.
8. This product is equipped with a 3-wire grounding-type plug, a
plug having a third (grounding) pin. This plug will only fit into
a grounding-type power outlet. This is a safety feature. If you
are unable to insert the plug into the outlet, contact your
electrician to replace your obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the
purpose of the grounding-type plug.
9. Do not locate this product where the cord will be walked on.
Introduction 5
10. If an extension cord is used with this product, make sure that
the total of the ampere ratings on the products plugged into
the extension cord does not exceed the extension cord ampere
rating. Also, make sure that the total of all products plugged
into the wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
11. Never push objects of any kind into this product through
cabinet slots as they may touch dangerous voltage points or
short out parts that could result in a risk of fire or electric
shock. Never spill liquid of any kind on the product.
12. Except as specifically explained in the User’s Manual, do not
attempt to service this product yourself. Opening or removing
those covers that are marked “Do Not Remove” may expose
you to dangerous voltage points or other risks. Refer all
servicing in those compartments to service personnel.
13. Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to
qualified service personnel under the following conditions:
A. When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed.
B. If liquid has been spilled into the product.
C. If the product has been exposed to rain or water.
D. If the product does not operate normally when the
operating instructions are followed. Adjust only those
controls that are covered by the operating instructions since
improper adjustment of other controls may result in damage
and will often require extensive work by a qualified
technician to restore the product to normal operation.
E. If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been
damaged.
F. If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance,
indicating a need for service.
6
Introduction
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Printer
Unpacking the Printer.. .......................................................... 1-2
Checking the parts.. ............................................................. 1-2
Removing the protective material.. ................................... 1-3
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Assembling the Printer.. ......................................................... 1-6
Installing the ribbon cartridge.. ........................................... 1-6
Attaching the paper guides.. .............................................. 1 - 9
Testing the Printer.. ................................................................
Plugging in the printer .......................................................
Running the self test ..........................................................
1-10
1-10
1-11
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Configuring Your Software for the Printer.. ....................... 1-15
Choosing from a menu.. ..................................................... 1-15
Setting Up the Printer
1-1
Unpacking the Printer
Checking the parts
When you unpack the printer, make sure that you have all the
parts shown below and that none has been damaged.
Paper guide
Printer
Power cord
Note: In some locations, the power cord is attached to the
printer.
Store the packing materials in case you ever need to transport your
printer.
CAUTION: It is not possible to adjust voltage of the
printer for use at another voltage. If the label on the back
of the printer does not show the correct voltage for your
country, contact your dealer.
1-2
Setting Up the Printer
Unpacking the Printer
Removing the protective materials
To prevent damage during shipping, several pieces of protective
material are packed with your printer. You must remove these
before you put your printer together.
Follow the directions on the Notice Sheet inserted in your printer
when removing the protective material.
Note:
l
l
Make sure you remove all packing and protective materials
from your printer before turning on the power.
Save all packing and protective materials to protect your
printer should you need to transport it elsewhere in the
future.
Setting Up the Printer
1-3
Choosing a Place for the Printer
When selecting a place to set up your printer, keep the following
in mind:
l
l
l
Place the printer on a flat, stable surface.
Place the printer close enough to the computer for the printer
cable to reach.
Leave adequate room around the printer to allow for easy
operation and maintenance.
,
CAUTION: Avoid locations that are subject to direct
sunlight, excessive heat, moisture, or dust.
Use a grounded outlet; do not use an adapter plug.
Avoid electrical outlets controlled by wall switches or
automatic timers. Accidental disruption of power can wipe out
information in the memory of your computer or your printer.
Avoid outlets on the same circuit with large motors or other
appliances that might cause fluctuations in line voltage.
Keep the entire computer system away from potential causes of
electromagnetic interference such as loudspeakers or the base
units of cordless telephones.
1-4
Setting Up the Printer
Choosing a Place for the Printer
Note: If you plan to use a printer stand, follow these guidelines:
l
l
l
l
l
Use a stand that supports at least twice the weight of the
printer.
17.8 kg (39.3 lbs) for the IQ-870
24.6 kg (54.2 lbs) for the LQ-1170
Never use a stand that tilts the printer at an angle of more
than 15 degrees from horizontal. If you install a cut-sheet
feeder, keep your printer absolutely level.
If you position the paper supply below the printer stand,
make sure that you allow enough clearance (1.2 inches or
30 mm) between the underside of the stand and the top of
the paper supply to keep the paper from catching on the
underside of the stand. Also check that the distance between
the stand’s supports is at least 280 mm (11 inches), to
accommodate any paper size you may use.
Position your printer’s power cord and interface cable so that
they do not interfere with paper feeding. If possible, secure
the cables to the printer stand.
Align the paper stack with the tractor sprocket units, so that
the paper has a straight path into the printer.
Setting Up the Printer
1-5
Assembling the Printer
After choosing a good place for your printer, you install the ribbon
cartridge and paper guide.
_
Installing the ribbon cartridge
Before installing the ribbon cartridge, make sure that the printer is
not plugged into an electrical outlet.
1. Lift the printer cover straight up and off.
_.
2.
Grasp the tabs on each side of the paper-tension unit as shown
below. Press up firmly with your thumbs to lift the front of
the unit; then pull the paper-tension unit up and off of the
printer.
3. Slide the print head to the middle of the printer.
1-6
Setting Up the Printer
Assembling the Printer
CAUTION: Never move the print head while the printer
is turned on or you might damage the printer. Also, if
you just used the printer, the print head may be hot; let
it cool for a few minutes before touching it.
4.
Turn the ribbon-tightening knob in the direction of the arrow
to remove any slack in the ribbon. Next, hold the ribbon
cartridge by its handle and push it firmly down into position;
then press on both ends of the cartridge to fit the plastic hooks
5.
Use a pointed object, such as a ball point pen, to guide the
ribbon between the print head and ribbon guide while you
turn the ribbon-tightening knob to help feed the ribbon into
place.
Setting Up the Printer
1-7
Assembling the Printer
6. Slide the print head from side to side to make sure it moves
smoothly. Also check that the ribbon is not twisted or creased.
-
7. Replace the paper-tension unit by placing it on the printer’s
mounting pegs; then lowering it into place. Press down both
ends of the paper-tension unit firmly until you feel it snap
click into place.
-
-
8. Replace the printer cover by first inserting the front tabs into
the slots on the printer, then lowering it into place.
1-8
Setting Up the Printer
Assembling the Printer
Attaching the paper guides
Your printer comes with two paper guides so you can load single
sheets from the top or front of the printer.
Top paper guide
Place the notches on the paper guide straight down into the
mounting slots on the printer. You can stand the paper guide in an
upright position or lower it back to lie flat on the printer.
Front paper guide
The front paper guide fits inside the front of the printer, and may
be installed over the tractor unit. Hold the paper guide as shown
and slide it into place between the metal slots on either side of the
opening, fitting the plastic notches over the mounting posts.
Setting Up the Printer
1-9
Testing the Printer
Before connecting your printer to a computer, use the built-in
self-test function to see that the printer is working properly.
Plugging in the printer
1. Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Check the label on the back of the printer to make sure the
voltage required by the printer matches that of your electrical
outlet.
CAUTION: If the rated voltage and your outlet voltage
do not match, contact your dealer for assistance. Do not
plug in the power cord.
3. If the power cord is not attached to the printer, connect it to
the AC inlet on the printer’s rear panel.
4. Plug the power cord into a properly grounded electrical outlet.
1-10
Setting Up the Printer
_
Testing the Printer
Running the self test
You can run the self test with either continuous paper or single
sheets. Also, you can load paper for the test from the rear, front,
top, or bottom. The following steps describe how to run the test
on single-sheet paper, loaded from the top. See Chapter 2 for full
details on paper handling.
The printer prints the self test in the currently selected font.
1. Make sure that the printer is turned off. Move the paperrelease lever to the single-sheet position.
2.
Hold down the LF/FF button while you turn on the printer. The
printer beeps several times and the POWER and PAPER OUT
lights come on.
The self test begins by printing on the first and last lines of page
1. The printer then prints the DIP-switch settings and character
samples on page 2.
Setting Up the Printer
1-11
Testing the Printer
3.
Move the left edge guide until it locks in place next to the
arrow guide mark. Then adjust the right edge guide to match
the width of your paper.
CAUTION: Run the self test using paper at least 210 mm
(8 i inches) wide for the LQ-870 or 360 mm (14 inches)
wide for the LQ-1170; otherwise the print head prints
directly onto the platen.
4.
-
Insert a sheet of paper down between the edge guides until it
meets resistance. After about two seconds, the printer loads the
paper automatically and starts the self test.
-
-
-.
1-12
Setting Up the Printer
Testing the Printer
The self test prints the current DIP-switch settings, followed
by font samples for each of the printer’s available fonts.
5. The self test continues until the paper runs out or until you
press the PAUSE button. When the printer beeps, you can load
another sheet of paper to continue printing font samples.
When you wish to stop the test, press the PAUSE button. To
resume the test, press the PAUSE button again.
6. Press the LOAD/EJECT button to eject the paper.
Then turn off the printer to end the self test.
Here is part of a typical self test:
Roman
I”#$%&‘()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJK
~“#$x&‘()*+, -./0123456789 :;<=>?BABCDEFGHIJKL
Lfl$%&‘( )*+, -./0123456789:; c=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLM
#$%8c’()*+,- ./0123456789 :;<=>?BABCDEFGHIJKLMN
$%L’()*+,-. /0123456789:;< =>?BABCDEFGHIJKLMNO
%&‘( ) * + , - . / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP
I%‘( )*+,-. /0123456789:; *=>?BABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQ
Sans S e r i f
‘(I*+,-. /0123456789 :;c=>?BABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQR
o*+,-• /0123456789 :;c=>?OABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRS
)*+,-. /0123456789 :;c=>?OABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRST
*+,-. /0123456789: ;c=>?OABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU
+,-. /0123456789 :;c=>?mABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV
Note: If the self test does not print properly, see Chapter 6.
Setting Up the Printer
1-13
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer
If the self test printed correctly, you are ready to connect your
printer to the computer. Use a shielded twisted-pair parallel cable
to connect your computer to your printer’s built-in parallel
interface.
Connect the parallel interface cable as described below:
1.
Make sure both the printer and computer are turned off; then
plug the cable connector securely into the printer. Squeeze the
wire clips together until they lock in place on either side of the
connector.
Note: If your cable has a ground wire, attach it to the ground
connector beneath the interface connector.
2. Plug the other end of the cable into the computer. (If there is a
ground wire at the computer-end of the cable, attach it to the
ground connector at the back of the computer.)
1-14
Setting Up the Printer
Configuring Your Software for the Printer
Most application programs let you specify the type of printer you
use so that the program can take full advantage of the printer’s
features. Many of these programs provide an installation or setup
section that presents a list of printers.
Choosing from a menu
Although you can use an application program even if it does not
list your printer on its printer selection menu, to take full
advantage of your printer’s features (including ESC/P 2), choose
the LQ-870/1170 or LQ-570/1070 when you set up your program.
If your printer is not listed, call the software manufacturer or call
Epson at (800) 922-8911 to see if an update is available.
Until you receive an update choose from the following list (the
printers are listed in the order of preference):
LQ-850/l050
LQ-510/1010
LQ-500
LQ-2550
LQ-2500
LQ-800/1000
LQ-1500
LQ
If none of these printers is listed, select the first one available from
the following list: FX, LX, RX, MX, Epson printer, Standard printer,
Draft printer. Because the printers in this list are 9-pin printers,
your graphics printing will not be correct.
Setting Up the Printer
1-15
Chapter 2
Paper Handling
Selecting a Paper Feeding Method .......................................
Setting the paper-release lever ..........................................
2-2
2-2
2-3
Using Single Sheets ................................................................
Loading single sheets from the top .................................. 2-3
Loading single sheets from the front ............................... 2-5
Using Continuous Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Tractor position and available paper paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Changing tractor positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Loading continuous paper with the front push-tractor. 2-11
Removing continuous paper
from the front push-tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Loading continuous paper with the rear push-tractor . . . 2-14
Removing continuous paper
from the rear push-tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Loading continuous paper with the pull tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Removing continuous paper from the pull tractor . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Switching Between Continuous and Single Sheets.. .......... 2-21
Switching to single sheets.. ................................................ 2-21
Switching to continuous paper.. ........................................ 2-23
Printing on Special Paper.. .....................................................
Setting the paper-thickness lever.. ....................................
Multi-part forms.. ...............................................................
Labels.. ..................................................................................
Envelopes .............................................................................
2-24
2-24
2-25
2-26
2-27
Paper Handling 2-1
Selecting a Paper Feeding Method
Your printer comes with four paper paths so that you can print on
almost any type of paper:
l
l
Choose the top or front paper guide to print on single sheets
Choose the tractor unit to load continuous paper from the
front, rear, or bottom.
You can mount the tractor unit in three different positions to suit
your particular needs: use it as a front push-tractor, rear pushtractor, or top pull-tractor.
Once you select a feeding method, you simply set the paperrelease lever, load your paper, and print. You can even print on
single sheets without removing your continuous paper supply.
Setting the paper-release lever
You set the paper-release lever to determine the active paper path
in your printer. The printer automatically loads paper from the
position you choose. The figure below shows which setting to use
for single sheets and the various tractor positions.
2-2
Paper Handling
Selecting a Paper Feeding method
l
l
l
Single-sheet position
For all single sheets, whether loaded from front,
top, or either of the optional cut-sheet feeders.
Front push-tractor position
For continuous paper with the tractor unit installed
in the front.
Rear push-tractor position
For continuous paper with the tractor unit installed
in the rear.
0 Pull-tractor position
For continuous paper with the tractor unit installed
on the top. In this case, you can load paper from
either the front, rear, or bottom.
Paper Handling 2-3
Using Single Sheets
Your printer accommodates single sheets up to a maximum width
of 257 mm (10.1 inches) on the LQ-870 and 420 mm (16.5 inches)
on the LQ-1170. You can load single sheets from either the top or
front of the printer.
If the paper-tension unit is removed, you need to replace it before
you print on single sheets. See page 1-8 in Chapter 1.
Loading single sheets from the top
1. Place the paper-release lever in the single-sheet position. Make
sure the paper guide is in the upright position.
2. Turn on the printer. The POWER light on the control panel
comes on.
2-4
Paper Handling
Using Single Sheets
3.
Move the left edge guide until it locks in place next to the
arrow the paper guide. Next adjust the right edge guide to
match the width of your paper.
4.
Slide a sheet of paper down between the edge guides until it
meets resistance. The printer loads the paper automatically and
you are
CAUTION: Use the knob on the left side of the printer
only to clear paper jams when the printer is off.
Otherwise you may damage the printer or lose the topof-form position.
If the platen turns but the printer doesn’t load the paper,
completely remove the paper and reinsert it more firmly.
To eject the paper, press the LOAD/EJECT button.
Paper Handling 2-5
Using Single Sheets
Loading single sheets from the front
1.
Place the paper-release lever in the single-sheet position and
open the front cover.
2. Turn on the printer. The POWER light on the control panel
comes on.
3. Move the edge guide until you feel it click into place above the
arrow mark on the paper guide. You can slide the edge guide
to the left in l/lo-inch increments to increase the size of the
left margin on your printout.
2-6
Paper Handling
Using Single Sheets
4. Align the left edge of the paper with the edge guide and insert
the page firmly until it meets resistance. The printer loads the
paper automatically. You are now ready to print.
CAUTION: Use the knob on the left side of the printer
only to clear paper jams when the printer is off.
Otherwise you may damage the printer or lose the topof-form position.
If the platen turns but the printer doesn’t load the paper,
completely remove the page and reinsert it more firmly.
To eject the paper, press the LOAD/EJECT button.
Note: The printer’s paper guide serves as a built-in stacker and
can hold up to 50 sheets of ejected paper.
Paper Handling 2-7
Using Continuous Paper
You can load continuous paper through either the front, rear, or
bottom paper slot, depending upon the position of the tractor unit
and the placement of your paper supply.
Your printer can handle continuous paper up to 254 mm (10.0
inches) wide on the LQ-870 and up to 406 mm (16.0 inches) wide
on the LQ-1170.
To print on continuous paper, you can install the tractor unit in
one of the following positions-front, rear, or pull. Be sure you set
the paper-release lever correctly before you print. See Setting the
paper-release lever at the beginning of this chapter for a
description of each position.
Tractor position and available paper paths
Below are the possible ways of feeding continuous paper. Always
set the paper-release lever to the position indicated for the paperfeed method you want to use.
Tractor
position
Position
of paperr8dease level
Pull-tractor
t
2-8
Paper Handling
Paper paths
Using Continuous Paper
Note: Make sure you align your paper supply with the paper
loaded in the tractor so that the paper can feed smoothly into
the printer.
If you want to feed paper through the bottom paper slot, use a
printer stand that has a large enough opening for paper to feed
from the bottom without obstruction.
Using the paper-path guide
You can lift the paper-path guide on the printer cover to change
the direction that continuous paper is ejected, as shown below.
Forward ejection
Rear ejection
Changing tractor positions
Before installing the tractor in a different position, remove it from
its current position by pressing the lock tabs while you lift it out.
Installing in the front push-tractor position
1. Make sure the printer is turned off. Open the front cover and
remove the paper guide by grasping the fins on both sides and
pulling it straight out of the printer.
Paper Handling 2-9
Using Continuous Paper
2.
Press in the tractor’s lock tabs as you push the tractor into the
printer’s mounting slot.
To remove the tractor unit, press the tractor’s lock tabs, tilt the
unit forward, and lift it out of the printer.
See page 2-12 for instructions on loading continuous paper with
the front push tractor.
Installing the push-tractor in the rear position
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off. Lift the paper guide up
and off the printer.
2. While pressing in the tractor’s lock tabs, lower the tractor
straight
down into the printer’s mounting slots.
-
2-10
Paper Handling
~..
Using Continuous Paper
See page 2-15 for instructions on loading paper with the rear-push
tractor.
To remove the tractor unit, press the tractor’s lock tabs, tilt the
unit back, and lift it off the printer.
Installing the pull-tractor
You can also use the tractor unit as a pull-tractor. To do this, you
remove the paper-tension unit and install the tractor unit in its
place. Follow the steps below to install the pull-tractor:
1. Make sure the power is turned off. Lift the printer cover and
paper guide up and off the printer.
2. Grasp both ends of the paper-tension unit and lift it up and
off the printer. Store the paper-tension unit in safe place.
3. An arrow on each side of the mounting slots shows you where
to install the tractor. While pressing in the tractor’s lock tabs,
tilt the tractor unit forward and lower it straight down into the
slots.
See page 2-18 for instructions on loading paper with the pulltractor.
To remove the tractor unit, press the tractor’s lock tabs, tilt the
unit back, and lift it off the printer. Then replace the paper tension
unit.
Paper Handling
2-11
Using Continuous Paper
Loading continuous paper with the front push-tractor
1. Make sure the printer is turned off and remove the front cover
and the front paper guide.
2. Make sure the tractor is in the front push-tractor position and
the paper-release lever is in the front push-tractor position.
2-12
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Paper
3. Release the sprocket units by pushing the sprocket locks
backward.
4. Slide the left sprocket unit to approximately 12 mm (0.5 inch)
from the far left position and pull the lever forward to lock it
in place. Now slide the right sprocket unit to approximately
match the width of your paper, but do not lock it. Move the
paper support so it is midway between the sprocket units.
12 mm (0.5 inch)
Paper Handling
2-13
Using Continuous Paper
5. Make sure your paper has a clean, straight edge. Open both
sprocket covers and fit the first four holes of the paper over
the sprocket pins.
6. Close the sprocket covers.
7. Adjust the right sprocket to remove any slack in the paper.
Lock the sprocket unit in place by pulling the sprocket lock
forward.
8. Attach the front paper guide and the front cover.
9. Turn on the printer. When the printer receives data, it
automatically loads the paper before printing.
Removing continuous paper from the front push-tractor
1. To remove continuous paper, press the TEAR OFF button to feed
the paper’s perforation to the tear-off edge of the printer cover.
Note: If the page perforation does not meet the tear-off edge,
you can adjust the tear-off position using the micro-feed
feature. See Chapter 3.
2. Tear off the paper.
3. Press the LOAD/EJECT button to feed the continuous paper
backward out of the printer and into the standby position.
2-14
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Paper
Loading continuous paper with the rear push-tractor
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off and the paper guide is
removed.
2. Make sure the tractor is in the rear push-tractor position and
the paper-release lever is in the rear push-tractor position.
3.
Release the sprocket units by pulling the sprocket locks
forward.
Paper Handling
2-15
Using Continuous Paper
4. Slide the left sprocket to approximately 12 mm (0.5 inch) from
the far left position (use the alignment marks on the printer
case). Push the lever back to lock it in place. Then slide the
right sprocket unit to match the width of your paper, but do
not lock it. Move the paper support so it is midway between
the sprocket units.
5. Make sure your paper has a clean, straight loading edge. Open
the sprocket covers and fit the holes of the paper over the
sprocket pins.
2-16
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Paper
6. Close the sprocket covers.
7. Adjust the right sprocket to remove any slack in the paper;
then lock it in place.
8.
Attach the paper guide in its flat position over the printer.
Slide the edge guides to the center.
9.
Turn on the printer. When the printer receives data, it loads
the paper automatically before printing.
Note: You can also advance the paper to the loading position by
pressing the LOAD/EJECT button.
CAUTION: Use the knob on the left side of the printer
only to clear paper jams when the printer is off.
Otherwise you may damage the printer or lose the topof-form position.
Removing continuous paper from the rear push-tractor
1. To remove continuous paper, press the TEAR OFF button to feed
the paper’s perforation to the tear-off edge of the printer cover.
Note: If the page perforation does not meet the tear-off edge,
you can adjust the tear-off position using the micro-feed
feature. See Chapter 3.
2. Tear off the paper.
3.
Press the LOAD/EJECT button to feed the continuous paper
backward out of the printer and into the standby position.
CAUTION: Make sure you tear off your printed
document before pressing the LOAD/EJECT button.
Reverse-feeding several pages at a time may cause a
uauer iam.
Paper Handling
2-17
Using Continuous Paper
Loading continuous paper with the pull tractor
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off and the printer cover and
paper guide are removed.
2. Make sure the tractor is installed in the pull-tractor position
and the paper-release lever is set to the pull-tractor position.
3. Release the sprocket units by pulling the sprocket locks
forward.
2-18
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Paper
4.
Slide the left sprocket unit to approximately 12 mm (OS inch)
from the far left position (use the alignment marks on the
printer case). Push the sprocket lock back to lock it in place.
Then slide the right sprocket unit to match the width of your
paper, but do not lock it. Move the paper support so it is
midway between the sprocket units.
5.
Make sure your paper has a clean, straight edge. Insert the
paper into the desired paper slot (front, bottom, or rear) until it
emerges between the platen and the ribbon guide. Pull the
paper up until the perforation between the first and second
pages is even with the top of the printer’s ribbon.
Paper Handling
2-19
Using Continuous Paper
Open the sprocket covers and fit the holes of the paper over
the sprocket pins.
6.
7.
Close the sprocket covers.
8.
Adjust the right sprocket unit to remove any slack in the
paper; then lock it in place.
9.
Attach the paper guide in the flat position. Then slide the edge
guides to the center of the paper’s width.
10.
Turn on the printer.
11.
Make any adjustments to the loading position with the microfeed feature, as described in chapter 3.
12. Install the printer cover.
CAUTION: Use the knob on the left side of the printer
only to clear paper jams when the printer is off.
Otherwise you may damage the printer or lose the topof-form position.
2-20
Paper Handling
Using continuous Paper
Adjusting the top-of-form position
The top-of-form position is the position the printer feeds the
paper to when it loads the paper or performs a form feed. This
position is important because it determines where the printing
begins on the page.
You may need to adjust the top of form to a certain position for
printing on ready-made forms. To do this, see Adjusting the
loading position on page 3-14.
Removing continuous paper from the pull tractor
1.
Tear off the printed document or excess paper at the tear-off
edge.
2. Hold the LF/FF button to feed the continuous paper forward to
be ejected.
Note: When you are printing with the pull tractor, do not use
the TEAR OFF and LOAD/EJECT buttons.
Paper Handling
2-21
Switching Between Continuous and Single Sheets
Even with continuous paper loaded in the printer, you can easily
switch to single-sheet printing without removing the continuous
paper from the tractor. This feature can be used whenever the
tractor unit is installed on the front or the rear or when using both
the front and rear (with the optional tractor).
Switching to single sheets
To switch from continuous paper to single sheets, follow the steps
below.
1. If you have a printed document still in the printer, press the
TEAR OFF button to feed the paper forward to the tear-off position.
Tear off the document and press the TEAR OFF button again to feed
the continuous paper backward to the loading position.
CAUTION: Make sure you tear off your printed
document before pressing the LOAD/EJECT button.
Reverse-feeding several pages at a time may cause a
paper jam.
2. Now press the LOAD/EJECT button to feed the continuous paper
out of the printer and into the standby position. The paper is
still attached to the tractor but no longer in the paper path.
0t
l
2-22
CAUTION: Never feed labels backward through the
printer. Labels can easily come off the backing sheet and
jam the printer.
Paper Handling
Switching Between Continuous and Single Sheets
3. Push the paper-release lever back to the single-sheet position.
4.
You can now load single sheets from either the front or top as
described in Using Single Sheets, earlier in this chapter.
Paper Handling
2-23
Switching Between Continuous and Single Sheets
Switching to continuous paper
You can also easily switch back to printing on continuous paper.
1.
If you have a single sheet still in the printer, press the
LOAD/EJECT button to eject it.
2.
Lift up slightly on the paper guide and then lower it until it
lies flat on top of the printer. Slide the left and right edge
guides together so that they meet at the middle.
3.
Set the paper-release lever to either the front or rear pushtractor position, depending on which tractor position you are
using.
Your printer loads the continuous paper automatically.
2-24
Paper Handling
Printing on Special Paper
In addition to printing on single sheets and continuous paper, your
printer can also print on a wide variety of paper types, such as
envelopes, labels, and multi-part forms. Before printing on special
types of paper, you may need to change the paper-thickness
setting.
CAUTION: When printing on labels or multi-part forms,
make sure that your printing stays within the printable
area of the page to prevent damage to the print head. For
more information on the printable area, see Chapter 7.
Always return the paper-thickness lever to position 0
when you return to printing on ordinary paper.
Setting the paper-thickness lever
To accommodate various thicknesses of paper, the printer is
equipped with a paper-thickness lever that can be set to six
positions. These positions are identified by the scale on the printer
next to the lever.
Paper Handling
2-25
Printing on Special Paper
Use the following table to set the paper-thickness lever to match
the thickness of your paper according to the table below:
Paper type*
Lever position
Ordinary (single sheets or continuous)
0
Ordinary (with film ribbon)
-1
Thin paper
-1 or0
Carbonless multi-part forms
2 sheets (original + 1 copy)
3 sheets (original + 2 copies)
4 sheets (original + 3 copies)
1
2
3
Labels
2
Envelopes
2 to 5
*See Chapter 7 for complete paper specifications
Note: If the paper-thickness lever is set to the second position
above, the MULTI-PART light comes on and print speed is reduced.
Multi-part forms
You can use carbonless multi-part forms of up to four parts
(including the original). Make sure you set the paper-thickness
lever to the proper position described in the table above.
Except for the paper-thickness setting, you load multi-part paper
the same way as ordinary paper. For details, see the sections on
loading continuous paper and loading single sheets earlier in this
chapter. Pay special attention to setting the top-of-form position.
CAUTION: Do not load individual multi-part forms
from the top. Use the front loading slot instead. Be sure
that the multi-part forms do not exceed 0.32 mm (0.0128
inches) in thickness.
2-26
Paper Handling
-
Printing on Special Paper
Labels
When printing labels, always choose the type mounted on a
continuous backing sheet with sprocket holes for use with a
tractor. Do not try to print labels as single sheets because labels on
a shiny backing sheet do not feed properly.
You can load labels from the front (push tractor or pull tractor), or
bottom (pull tractor) paper slot; however, for best results you
should use the tractor in the pull-tractor position. You load labels
the same way that you load continuous paper, except you must
also set the paper-thickness lever to 2 before printing labels.
See Loading continuous paper with the pull tractor earlier in this
chapter for details.
Never feed labels backward with the LOAD/EJECT or
TEAR OFF buttons. Labels can easily peel off the
backing and jam the printer.
Because labels are especially sensitive to extreme
temperature and humidity, always use them under
normal operating conditions.
Do not leave labels loaded in the printer between
jobs; they curl around the platen and may jam when
you resume printing.
To remove labels from the paper path after you finish
printing, first tear off the labels at a point before the
paper slot. Then use the LF/FF button to advance the
remaining labels out of the printer.
Paper Handling
2-27
Printing on Special Paper
Envelopes
You can load envelopes individually using the single sheet loading
feature from the top paper guide only. If you want to load several
envelopes at the same time, you can install the optional single-bin
cut-sheet feeder. See Chapter 4 for a description of loading
envelopes with the cut-sheet feeder.
Before loading an envelope, set the position of the paper-thickness
lever to position 2, 3, or 4, depending on the thickness of the
envelope. To load an envelope, follow the steps described in
loading single sheets from the top, earlier in this chapter.
Note:
The print head must not print past the left or right edge of
l
the envelope or other thick paper. Make sure that your
application program keeps printing entirely within the
printable area of the envelope you are using.
l
l
2-28
Always keep the longer side of the envelope horizontal.
If you use No. 6 envelopes, make sure the left edge guide is
aligned with the arrow on the paper guide.
Paper Handling
Chapter 3
Using the Printer
Control Panel.. .........................................................................
Lights.. ..................................................................................
Buttons.. ...............................................................................
Other control-panel features .............................................
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-5
DIP Switches ...........................................................................
Changing a DIP-switch setting .........................................
DIP-switch tables.. ..............................................................
DIP-switch functions.. ........................................................
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-9
Micro Feed ............................................................. 3-13
Using micro feed.. ............................................................... 3 - 1 3
Adjusting the loading position.. ........................................ 3 - 1 4
Tear Off.. .................................................................................
Using the tear-off mode.. ...................................................
Using the TEAR OFF button.. ..............................................
Adjusting the tear-off position .........................................
3-16
3-16
3-17
3-18
Typestyles.. ...................................................................... 3 - 1 9
Character fonts.. .................................................................. 3 - 1 9
Character pitch.. .................................................................. 3 - 2 2
Data Dump Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Using the Printer 3-1
Control Panel
The indicator lights give you the current status of the printer. The
buttons let you control many of the printer settings.
Lights
POWER (green)
On when the power switch is on and power is supplied.
DATA (orange)
On when data is present in the printer’s memory buffer.
MULTI-PART (green)
On when the paper-thickness lever is set to position 2 or higher.
When this light is blinking, you can use the micro-feed feature.
PAPER OUT (red)
On when the printer runs out of paper.
PAUSE (orange)
On when you press the PAUSE button. This light stays off unless
you press the PAUSE button to prevent printing.
TEAR OFF (orange)
On when you press the TEAR OFF button to feed continuous paper
to the tear-off position.
3-2
Using the Printer
Control Panel
BIN 1 (green)
On when bin 1 of the optional cut-sheet feeder is selected for
paper feeding.
BIN 2 (green)
On when bin 2 of the optional cut-sheet feeder is selected for
paper feeding.
Font (green)
Shows which font is selected.
Pitch (green)
Shows which pitch is selected.
Buttons
PAUSE
Press this button to temporarily stop printing. Press this button
again to resume printing.
LOAD/EJECT
Press this button to load paper, if it is not loaded, or to eject it if
paper is loaded. If the paper-release lever is set to the single-sheet
position, paper is ejected. If the paper-release lever is set to the
front-tractor or rear-tractor position, paper moves back to the
standby position.
LF/FF (Line feed/Form feed)
Press this button briefly to feed the paper forward one line. Hold
this button down to eject a single sheet of paper or advance
continuous paper to the top of the next page.
Using the Printer
3-3
Control Panel
ALT
Holding down this button while pressing certain other buttons
results in the following alternate functions:
BUFFER CLEAR (ALT + PAUSE)
Clears the printer’s buffer and initializes the printer
settings, including top-of-form setting
MICRO FEED:
(ALT + LOAD/EJECT)
Feeds paper forward in l/180-inch increments
(ALT + LF/FF)
Feeds paper backward in l/180-inch increments
see Micro Feed later in this chapter for details
TEAR OFF (Bin Select)
Use this button to select the paper bin when both optional cutsheet feeders are installed and you are printing on single sheets.
When printing on continuous paper, press this button once to feed
paper from the loading position to the tear-off position. Press this
button again to feed the paper backward to the loading position.
FONT
Press this button to select one of the 10 built-in fonts. If an
optional font module has been installed, select it by choosing SLOT.
PITCH
Press this button to select one of the six character pitches
(characters per inch).
Note: The font names on the control panel are meant as guides
only; your actual printed results may differ slightly in
appearance.
-.
3-4
Using the Printer
Control Panel
Other control-panel features
The control panel also gives you access to two special functions.
Self test:
Hold down the LF/FF (for LQ mode) or LOAD/EJECT
(for Draft mode) button while you turn on the
printer to perform the self test. The self test lets you
check that your printer is operating properly and
gives you a printout of the current DIP-switch
settings. See the section on testing the printer in
Chapter 1 for more information.
Data dump: Hold down both the LF/FF button and LOAD/EJECT
button while you turn on the printer to enter data
dump mode. The data dump mode allows advanced
users to find the cause of communication problems
between the printer and the computer. The data
dump mode is explained at the end of this chapter.
Using the Printer
3-5
DIP Switches
By changing the settings of the two sets of DIP switches, which
are inside the compartment on the control panel, you can control
various printer features, such as the character set and the page
length. These new settings become effective when the printer is
turned on, reset, or initialized.
Changing a DIP-switch setting
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2. Open the DIP-switch cover.
3.
Use a pointed instrument, such as the tip of a pen, to turn a
switch on or off. The tables on the following pages give the
DIP-switch functions for each setting.
4. Close the DIP-switch cover.
The new DIP-switch settings take effect when the printer is turned
on.
3-6
Using the Printer
DIP Switches
DIP-switch tables
The tables below show the settings for each DIP switch function.
The current settings appear on your self-test printout.
Table 1 DIP Switch 1 setting
International character sets/
character tables
See tables 3 and 4
Table 2 DIP Switch 2 setting
SW
Description
2-1
Page length (for continuous
2.2
paper)
ON
OFF
Page
See Table 5
3-8
2-3 Tear off
ON
OFF*
3-12
2-4 Auto linefeed
ON
OFF*
3-12
* Asterisks indicate the default settings.
Using the Printer
3-7
DIP Switches
Table 3 International character sets
Table 4 Character tables
Character table
SW l-1
Italic
SW 1-2
SW 1-3
SW
Set international character sets
according to Table 3
1-4
OFF
PC 437 (United States)
ON
ON
ON
ON
PC 850 (Multilingual)
ON
ON
OFF
ON
PC 860 (Portugal)
ON
OFF
ON
ON
PC 863 (Canada-French)
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
PC 865 (Norway)
OFF
ON
ON
ON
Settings not shown above select PC 437 (United States).
Table 5 Page length for continuous paper
Page length
3-8
1 sw2-1
Using the Printer
I sw2-2 I
DIP Switches
DIP-switch functions
This section describes the different features you can control with
the printer’s DIP switches.
International character sets
You can choose from eight international character sets by setting
DIP switches l-l, 1-2, 1-3, and 1-4, according to DIP-switch Table
3. See the Appendix for character samples.
The character sets you can select with DIP switches are USA,
France, Germany, United Kingdom, Denmark I, Sweden, Italy, and
Spain I. However, you can also select the following sets only with
the ESC R software command: Japan (English), Norway, Denmark
II, Spain II, Latin America, Korea, and Legal.
Character tables
Your printer has five graphics character tables in addition to the
italic character table. You can select these character tables by
setting DIP switches 1-1, 1-2, 1-3, and 1-4, as listed in Table 4.
To select a graphics character table, you must first turn DIP switch
1-4 on.
Tables of these characters are included in the Appendix.
Using the Printer
3-9
DIP Switches
Print direction for graphics
The printer ordinarily prints text bidirectionally for speed and
prints graphics characters unidirectionally for precise vertical
alignment. You can, however, change text printing to unidirectional
with the software command ESC U 1.
If you want to increase printing speed, you can change graphics
character printing to bidirectional by turning DIP switch 1-5 on. If
DIP switch 1-5 is off, graphics character printing is unidirectional
whether or not you use ESC U o.
High-speed draft
By setting DIP switch 1-6 on, you can print at up to 330 cps
(characters per second) if you select the 12 cpi draft font. The
printer reduces the number of dots in each draft character to
increase the printing speed.
If you select emphasized printing or condensed printing during
high-speed draft mode, printing speed temporarily switches to
normal draft speed until the enhancement is turned off. Also, if a
line contains superscript, subscript, dot-graphics, or downloaded
characters, printing speed switches to normal draft speed for that
line only.
Input buffer capacity
The input buffer stores data sent from your computer. If you want
to free your computer for other tasks while the printer prints, turn
DIP switch 1-7 off to select the 8 KB input buffer.
3-10
Using the Printer
DIP Switches
Skip-over-perforation
Turning DIP switch 1-8 on when you are using continuous paper
enables the skip-over-perforation function. Use this function to
leave a one-inch (25.4 mm) space between the last printable line
on one page and the first printable line on the next page so that
the printer skips over the perforation.
Most application programs take care of the top and bottom
margins. Do not turn on skip-over-perforation unless your program
does not provide these margins.
You can adjust your top-of-form position with the MICRO FEED
buttons if you want half of the space at the bottom of one page
and half at the top of the next page.
Continuous paper page length
When you are printing on continuous paper, DIP switches 2-1 and
2-2 let you select one of the four page lengths described in
DIP-switch Table 5.
Tear off
You can turn DIP switch 2-3 on to select tear-off mode. See page
3-16 for a complete description of using the tear-off mode.
Tear-off mode is available only with continuous paper loaded with
the rear or front push-tractor.
Using the Printer
3-11
DIP Switches
Auto line-feed
When auto line feed is on (DIP switch 2-4 on), the printer follows
each carriage-return code (CR) received with a line feed code (LF).
If your printer is double spacing, turn DIP switch 2-3 off. If each
line overprints the next, turn DIP switch 2-4 on.
3-12
Using the Printer
Micro Feed
The micro-feed feature allows you to move the paper forward or
backward in 1/180-inch increments. You can use this feature to
adjust the loading and tear-off positions.
When you make adjustments to the loading or tear-off positions
for continuous paper, the printer remembers the new position even
if you turn off the printer. The printer automatically advances
paper to the new position when the power is turned on again.
When you adjust the loading position for single-sheet paper, the
printer remembers the new position only until you turn off the
power. The loading position returns to the factory setting when
the power is turned on again.
Using micro feed
To use the micro-feed feature, you press the ALT button in
combination with the LOAD/EJECT or LF/FF button, as indicated on
the printer’s control panel. Follow the steps below to see how the
MICRO FEED button operates:
1. Make sure that printing has stopped before you adjust the
position of the paper.
Using the Printer
3-13
Micro Feed
2. While holding down the ALT button, press the LOAD/EJECT
button to feed the paper forward or press the LF/FF button to
feed the paper backward, as indicated by the arrows above the
buttons.
Adjusting the loading position
The loading position is the position of the paper after it is
automatically loaded by the printer. If your printing is too high or
low on the page, you can change the loading position with the
micro-feed feature as follows:
1. Make sure the printer is turned on.
2. Load either continuous or single-sheet paper (load continuous
paper by pressing the LOAD/EJECT button). The MULTI-PART
light begins to blink.
Note: You can adjust the loading position only while the MULTI-
PART light is blinking.
3-14
Using the Printer
Micro Feed
3. While holding down the ALT button, press the LOAD/EJECT
button to move the loading position down on the page, or
press the LF/FF button to move the loading position up on the
page.
The printer remembers the new loading position and advances all
subsequent pages to the new position.
Note:
l
l
The printer has a minimum and maximum loading position.
If you try to advance the loading position beyond these
limits, the printer beeps and the paper stops moving.
When the paper reaches the factory-set loading position, the
printer beeps and paper feeding pauses briefly. Use the
factory setting as a reference point when adjusting the
loading position.
Using the Printer
3-15
Tear Off
After you finish printing, the tear-off feature advances continuous
paper to the tear-off edge of the printer. You can then easily tear
off printed sheets. When you resume printing, the printer
automatically feeds paper back to the loading position.
This feature lets you save the paper normally lost between
documents.
You can use the tear-off feature in either of two ways:
l
Turn DIP switch 2-3 on to select tear-off mode.
l
Press the TEAR OFF button on the control panel.
0
CAUTION:
l
l
The tear-off feature can be used only with the front
or rear push-tractor feeding systems.
Never use the tear-off feature with labels. When fed
backward, labels may come off the backing and jam
the printer.
Using the tear-off mode
When you select tear-off mode with DIP switch 2-3, the printer
automatically advances continuous paper to the tear-off position
when you finish printing.
The printer advances paper to the tear-off position whenever the
printer receives a full page of data or a form feed, and then
receives no more data for three seconds.
Enter tear-off mode by performing the following steps:
1.
2.
Make sure the printer is turned off. Turn DIP switch 2-3 on.
Also, make sure the page length for continuous paper is
selected correctly (DIP switches 2-1 and 2-2).
Turn the printer on.
3-16
Using the Printer
Tear Off
Print on continuous paper loaded on the front or rear tractor
(as described in Chapter 2). When you finish printing, the
printer advances the final printed page to the tear-off position.
3.
4. Tear off all printed pages.
Note: If the perforation does not meet the tear-off edge, you
can adjust the tear-off position using the micro-feed feature as
described later in this chapter.
5. When you resume printing, the printer automatically feeds the
paper back to the loading position and begins printing.
You can leave tear-off mode turned on (DIP switch 2-3 on) even
when you are using single sheets or the pull tractor because
tear-off mode is disabled when you set the paper-release lever to
the single-sheet or pull-tractor position.
Using the TEAR OFF button
Whether or not the printer is in tear-off mode, you can use the
TEAR OFF button to advance continuous paper to the tear-off
position following the steps below:
1.
Make sure printing has finished. Press the TEAR OFF button.
The printer advances the paper to the tear-off edge and the
TEAR OFF light comes on.
2. Tear off all printed pages.
Note: If the perforation does not meet the tear-off edge, you
can adjust the tear-off position using the micro-feed feature as
described in the next section of this chapter.
3. When you resume printing, the printer automatically feeds the
paper back to the loading position and begins printing. (You
can also manually feed the paper back to the loading position
by pressing the TEAR OFF button again.)
Using the Printer
3-17
Tear
Off
Adjusting the tear-off position
If the paper’s perforation does not meet the tear-off edge, follow
the steps below to adjust the tear-off position:
1. Make sure the paper is in the tear-off position and the TEAR
OFF light is on.
2. While holding down the ALT button, press the LOAD/EJECT
button to move the tear-off position down on the page, or
press the LF/FF button to move the tear-off position up on the
page. The printer remembers the new tear-off position even
after the printer is turned off.
3. Tear off any printed pages.
4. When you begin printing, the printer automatically feeds the
paper back to the loading position and begins printing.
Note:
l
l
3-18
The printer has a minimum and a maximum tear-off
position. If you try to advance the tear-off position beyond
the limits, the printer beeps and the paper stops moving.
When the paper reaches the factory-set tear-off position, the
printer beeps and paper feeding pauses briefly. Use the
factory setting as a reference point when you adjust the
tear-off position.
Using the Printer
-.
Typestyles
You can produce a wide range of typestyles by selecting different
character fonts, widths, and other enhancements from the control
panel.
The font names on the control panel are meant as guides only;
your actual printed results may differ slightly in appearance.
Note: The settings you select from the control panel remain
valid even after you turn off the printer.
Some application programs control all typestyle functions. Because
program commands often override panel settings, you should use
your application program’s print options instead of the control
panel to select typestyles. If your panel setting does not work,
check your software user’s manual for instructions on selecting
typestyles.
Character fonts
The printer has ten built-in fonts: draft, Courier, Roman, Sans
Serif, Prestige, Script, Script-C, Orator, Orator-S, and OCR-B. To
select a font, press the FONT button until the green indicator light
of your desired font comes on. Note that font selection skips over
SLOT unless an optional font module is installed in that slot.
The Roman and Sans Serif fonts are scalable. The minimum size of
each font is 8 points and the maximum size is 32 points. You can
use your application program (if it supports the LQ-870/1170) to
increase the size of the font in two-point increments, as shown in
the following sample:
Using the Printer
3-19
Typestyles
Roman
AA
AAAA
A
Sans serif
A
A
AAAAA
There are two printing speeds for the draft font; high-speed draft
and normal draft, controlled by the DIP switch 1-6 setting.
The following shows sample characters for each font.
Normal Draft (DIP switch l-6 OFF)
'"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJK
ILMN~Pc~RsTuVWXYZ[\]~
‘abcdefghi jklmnopqrstuv
wxyr{l}"aC~~~aaa~s~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~f~F~~~~
Epson Roman proportional
!"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?8ABCDEFGHIJK
LMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^_'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuv
wxyz{l}"oCiie~~LC~~~~~~~~~~o~~~~~~~~~~i
3-20
Using the Printer
Typestyles
Epson Sans Serif
!“#$%&‘()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?gABCDEFGHIJK
LMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^-‘abcdefghijklmnopqrstuv
WX~~{:}-~CU~~BBB~~~~~~~~A~~~&~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Epson Sans Serif proportional
!“#$%&‘()*+,-./0123456789:;c=>?@ABCDEFGH I JK
LMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]^-‘abcdefghijklmnopqrstuv
wxyz{t}-p~Ue~LBBB~g9ei”i~~A~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~j
Epson Prestige
!"#$%%'( )*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJK
LMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\]"-‘abcdefghijklmnopqrst,uv
wxyz(~}"h~~~~88~~~~~~~l~A$~~~~~~~~uu~~~R~~f
Epson Script-C
! “#$w’ ( ) j:+, -a /0123456789: ; <=>?@ABCDEFGHIJK
LMNOPQRSTt.IVWX?E \I4 0*-’
uv
. 8. 4 abcdefgfii
.
. .I j. RI
,. .mnopqrst
.a
wKyx{~}-DCii&ciiihbceeertt;QA~~oouuyt)l2~~YPtf6i
Epson Orator
! “#WV ( )*+,-. /012~4~6789:;<=,?@ABCDEFGHIJK
LMNOPQRsTUVWXYZ[\]
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV
n . . \ h \ . . -* *a
wxYz{;] n~ai~~AA~~~~~~iAA~~~ooouuYou~~~~~~~
Epson Orator-S
! “#$%&’ ()$+,--. /012?456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJK
LMNOPQRt$TUVWXYZ[\] y,scpcdefghij klmnopqrstuv
wxyz(t } 6Ca~8s~8c~~eiiiAA~a~~o~~~~~~~~~~~~
OCR-B
!“#SX&‘O*+,-. /0123456789:;<=>?aABCDEFGHIJK
LMNOPQRSTUVWXYZC\l”
‘abcdefghijklmnopqrctuv
wxyzCl~“aC~Ct~a~C~C~~~;~~~~~~~~~~~~~~f~~~~~
Using the Printer
3-21
Typestyles
Character pitch
You can select a character pitch from the control panel. To select a
pitch, press the PITCH button until the indicator light next to the
desired pitch comes on.
The table below shows the character pitches available for each
font.
Script-C
0
0
0
0
Orator
0
0
0
0
Orator-S
0
0
0
0
OCR-B
0
0
0
0
0
In the lo-, 12-, 15-, 17-, or 20-cpi modes, each character gets an
equal amount of space. In proportional mode, the spacing varies
from character to character. A narrow letter like the lowercase i
receives less space than an uppercase W.
The printout below compares the different pitches:
This is 10 cpi printing.
This is 12 cpi printing.
This is IS cpi printing.
This is 17 cpi printing.
This is 20 cpi printing.
This is proportional printing.
3-22
Using the Printer
Data Dump Mode
Data dump mode is a special feature that allows experienced users
to find the cause of communication problems between the printer
and application programs.
In data dump mode, the printer produces an exact printout of the
codes it receives. To use data dump mode, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is off.
2. Hold down the LOAD/EJECT and LF/FF buttons while you turn
on the printer. The printer beeps three times.
3.
Load the paper.
Next, run either an application program or a program you have
written in any programming language. Your printer prints all
the codes it receives in hexadecimal format, as shown below.
4.
Data Dump Mode
1B 4 0 1B
5 2 0 0 18 7 4 01
lB 3 6 12 16 5 0 2 0 2 0 2 0
.@.R..t..6..P
54 68 69 73 20 69 73 20 61 6E 20 65 78 61 6D 70
This is an examp
6C
70
20
73
le
of a data
dum
p printout. This
i s feature m a k e
s easy for..
65
20
69
20
20
70
73
65
6F
72
20
61
66
69
66
73
20
6E
65
79
61
74
61
20
20
6F
74
66
64
75
75
6F
61
74
72
72
74
2E
65
OD
61 2 0 6 4 7 5 6D
2 0 54 6 8 6 9 7 3
2 0 6D 61 68 6 5
OA
5. To turn off data dump mode, press the PAUSE button to stop
printing and eject the paper; then turn off the printer.
By reading the characters printed in the text field on the right side
of the data dump printout (shown in step 4) or the printout of hex
codes, you can check which codes are being sent to the printer.
In the text field, characters appear as their true ASCII characters, if
they are printable. Nonprintable codes, such as control codes, are
represented by dots.
Using the Printer
3-23
Chapter 4
Using the Printer Options
Cut-Sheet Feeders.. .................................................................
Installing a cut-sheet feeder ..............................................
Loading paper with the single-bin cut-sheet feeder.. ....
Loading paper or envelopes with the high-capacity
cut-sheet feeder.. .............................................................
Assembling the double-bin cut-sheet feeder ..................
Switching between continuous paper and the
cut-sheet feeder.. .............................................................
4-2
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-9
4-11
Additional Tractor Unit ......................................................... 4-13
The tractor positions and paper paths ............................. 4-13
Using two tractor units in combination.. ......................... 4-14
4-16
Interface Cards ........................................................................
Installing an interface card ................................................ 4-16
C823051/C823061 serial interface card.. .......................... 4-18
Using the Printer Options
4-1
Cut-Sheet Feeders
Two cut-sheet feeders are available for use with your printer:
Printer
Single-bin
LQ-870
LQ-1170
C806371
C806391
High-capacity
C806381
C806401
The single-bin cut-sheet feeder holds up to 50 single sheets of
paper. When this cut-sheet feeder is installed alone, you can still
manually insert single sheets using the paper guide.
The high-capacity cut-sheet feeder holds up to 150 sheets of paper.
You can also load up to 25 envelopes automatically with this
cut-sheet feeder.
You can also connect both cut-sheet feeders and operate them as a
double-bin cut-sheet feeder (see Assembling the double-bin cutsheet feeder). This allows you to load two different types of paper
automatically.
Follow the directions included with your cut-sheet feeder to
assemble it; then install the cut-sheet feeder as described in this
chapter.
Installing a cut-sheet feeder
Installation of each cut-sheet feeder-single-bin, high-capacity, or
double-bin-is basically the same. Install your cut-sheet feeder by
following the steps below.
1. Make sure the printer is turned off. Remove the paper guide
and printer cover.
2.
If the tractor unit is installed in the top-tractor position,
remove it and re-install it in the front- or rear-tractor position
and install the paper-tension unit.
Note: Keep the paper guide handy; if you install the single-bin
unit, you need to re-install the paper guide after you load paper.
Also, you will need it if you ever remove the cut-sheet feeder.
4-2
Using the Printer Options
..
Cut-Sheet Feeder
3. Make sure the paper-release lever is in the single-sheet
position.
4. Hold the cut-sheet feeder in both hands. Press down on the
latch levers and fit the notches in the cut-sheet feeder over the
mounting posts on the printer. Release the latch levers to lock
the cut-sheet feeder in place.
5. Replace the printer cover by first inserting the front tabs into
the slots on the printer, then lowering it into place.
You are now ready to load paper with your cut-sheet feeder.
To remove a cut-sheet feeder, reverse the steps above.
Loading paper with the single-bin cut-sheet feeder
Load paper using the single-bin cut-sheet feeder as follows:
1.
Make sure the paper guide is removed.
Using the Printer Options
4-3
Cut-Sheet Feeder
2. Slide the left paper guide so it is aligned with the triangle
mark. Next, slide the right paper guide to roughly match the
width of your paper. Slide the paper support midway between
the paper guides.
3. Pull the paper-set levers all the way forward until the paper
guides retract and lock open.
4. Take a stack of paper and fan it. Next, tap the side and bottom
of the paper on a flat surface to even up the stack.
4-4
Using the Printer Options
Cut-Sheet Feeder
CAUTION: Do not use envelopes multi-part forms,
carbon paper, or labels in the single-bin cut-sheet feeder.
5.
Insert up to 50 sheets of paper along the left paper guide.
6.
Adjust the position of the right paper guide so that it matches
your paper’s width. Make sure the position of the guide allows
the paper to move up and down freely.
7.
Push the paper-set levers back to clamp the paper against the
guide rollers.
8.
Attach the stacker-support wires to the edge guides of the
paper guide. Then place the notches on the paper guide straight
down over the mounting posts on the printer to reinstall it.
Slide the edge guides to the middle of your paper.
You can still insert single sheets using the rear paper guide or the
front paper slot. The cut-sheet feeder automatically loads paper
when you send print data to the printer (as long as the PAUSE light
is not lit). You can also load paper from the cut-sheet feeder by
pressing the LOAD/EJECT button.
Using the Printer Options
4-5
Cut-Sheet Feeder
Loading paper or envelopes with the high-capacity
cut-sheet feeder
1.
Pull the lock levers forward on the left and right paper guides
to release them.
2. Slide the left paper guide until it is aligned with the triangle
mark; then lock it in place by pushing back on its lock lever.
Next, slide the right paper guide to roughly match the width of
your paper. Slide the paper support midway between the paper
guides.
“‘.-- --
4-6
Using the Printer Options
Cut-Sheet Feeder
3.
Pull the paper-set levers all the way forward until the paper
guides retract and lock open.
4.
Take a stack of paper and fan it. Next, tap the side and bottom
of the paper on a flat surface to even up the stack.
CAUTION: Do not use multi-part forms, carbon paper,
or labels in the cut-sheet feeder.
5.
Insert up to 150 sheets of paper, 25 plain bond or 30 air mail
envelopes along the left paper guide.
6.
Adjust the position of the right paper guide so that it matches
your paper’s width and lock it in place. Make sure that the
position of the guide allows the paper to move up and down
freely.
Using the Printer Options
4-7
Cut-Sheet Feeder
7.
If you are loading envelopes, push the envelope levers back.
-
-
8. Push the paper-set levers back to clamp the paper or envelopes
against the guide rollers.
Note: You can also insert single sheets using the front paper slot
or the slot between the paper guide and stacker.
The cut-sheet feeder automatically loads paper when you send
print data to the printer (as long as the PAUSE light is not lit). You
can also load paper from the cut-sheet feeder by pressing the
LOAD/EJECT button.
-.
4-8
Using the Printer Options
Cut-Sheet Feeder
Assembling the double-bin cut-sheet feeder
You can attach the single-bin cut-sheet feeder and high-capacity
cut-sheet feeder to create a double-bin cut-sheet feeder. Follow
these steps:
1.
Remove the gear cover from the back of the high-capacity
cut-sheet feeder and store it in a safe place.
2. Hold the single-bin cut-sheet feeder in both hands. Fit the
notches in the single-bin cut-sheet feeder over the mounting
posts on the rear of the high-capacity cut-sheet feeder.
Using the Printer Options
4-9
Cut-Sheet Feeder
3. Press the two cut-sheet feeders together while pushing firmly
on the tab locks. Make sure the two cut-sheet feeders are
securely locked together.
4. Install the assembled double-bin cut-sheet feeder on the
printer. See Installing a cut-sheet feeder in this chapter.
5. Load paper into each bin. See the sections on loading paper in
this chapter.
You can now use either cut-sheet feeder to load paper.
Note: You can also insert single sheets using the front paper
slot.
The high-capacity cut-sheet feeder becomes BIN 1 and the singlebin cut-sheet feeder becomes BIN 2. Select the bin number by
pressing the BIN SELECT button. The indicator light of the selected
bin comes on.
You can also specify the bin number by using software commands
as described in Chapter 8, or by using your application software as
described in your software user’s manual.
4-10
Using the Printer Options
Cut-Sheet Feeder
Switching between continuous paper and the
cut-sheet feeder
This printer allows you to switch easily between the cut-sheet
feeder and the tractor-feeding system without removing either the
feeder or the continuous-paper supply.
Switching to continuous paper
1.
If a single sheet is in the paper path, press the LOAD/EJECT
button to eject it.
2.
Place the paper release lever in the front or rear push-tractor
position.
3.
Open the paper-path guide to eject the continuous paper
forward.
Using the Printer Options
4-11
Cut-Sheet Feeder
Switching to the cut-sheet feeder
1.
If any printed sheets remain in the printer, press the TEAR OFF
button to advance the continuous paper to the tear-off
position.
2. Tear off the printed pages.
3. Press the LOAD/EJECT button. The printer feeds the continuous
paper backward to the standby position. The paper is still
attached to the push tractor but is no longer in the paper path.
CAUTION: Never feed labels backward. Labels can
easily come off their backing and jam the printer. See the
instructions below.
4. Place the paper-release lever in the single-sheet position.
If you are printing labels, follow these instructions to remove to
the label supply and switch to the cut-sheet feeder:
1. Press the LF/FF button until the last printed label is at the point
where you can tear it off easily.
2. Always remove labels by tearing off the fresh supply at a
perforation below the push-tractor.
3. Press the LF/FF button to eject the remaining labels The labels
are no longer attached to the push-tractor.
4. Place the paper-release lever in the single-sheet position.
4-12
Using the Printer Options
Additional Tractor Unit
You can improve the performance of continuous paper handling by
using two tractor units at the same time. An additional tractor unit
is available as an option. This is especially useful for continuous
pre-printed forms, multi-part forms, and labels. Use of two tractor
units at once is also recommended to print the highest quality
graphics.
Also, if you install the tractor units in the front and rear pushtractor positions, you can load two types of continuous paper at
the same time and switch between them by moving the paperrelease lever.
The tractor positions and paper paths
Below are the various ways of feeding continuous paper with two
tractor units.
or Rear push-tractor
Using the Printer Options
4-13
Additional Tractor Unit
Using two tractor units in combination
1.
Install one tractor unit in the pull-tractor position as described
in Chapter 2. Install another one in the front or rear position.
2. Place the continuous paper on the sprocket units of the front
or rear push-tractor unit (see Using Continuous Paper in
Chapter 2).
3. Turn on the printer. Press the LOAD/EJECT button to load paper;
then hold down the LF/FF button to feed one page of paper.
CAUTION: Use the knob on the left side of the printer
only to clear paper jams when the printer is off.
Otherwise you may damage the printer or lose the topof-form position.
4.
Release the sprocket lock levers of the pull tractor and adjust
the sprocket units to match the width of the paper. Be sure
that the sprocket units on both the tractors are aligned so that
the paper is not crooked.
5.
Fit the holes of the paper over the tractor pins of the sprocket
units and adjust the sprocket units as necessary (see Using
Continuous Paper in Chapter 2).
6.
Close the sprocket covers.
4-14
Using the Printer Options
Additional Tractor Unit
7. If there is slack in the paper between the push and pull
tractors, place the paper-release lever in the pull-tractor
position and use the micro-feed feature to advance the paper
until slack is removed. Then place the paper-release lever back
in its original position.
8. See that the paper is not crooked or wrinkled and lock the
sprocket units in place.
9. Reinstall the printer cover and the paper guide.
Using the Printer Options
4-15
Interface Card
_.
You can use optional interface cards to supplement your printer’s
built-in parallel interface.
The Epson interfaces below are compatible with your printer.
I
Model number
I
Name
I
If you are unsure whether you need an optional interface or would
like to know more about interfaces, contact your dealer.
Note: These interfaces are not available in some countries.
Installing an interface card
1. Make sure the printer is turned off. Unplug the printer’s power
cable and disconnect the interface cable.
4-16
Using the Printer Options
Interface Card
2. Remove the screws from the interface cover and remove it.
3. Insert the interface card into the slots on both sides of the
interface compartment. Slide the card in firmly until the
connector at the rear of the interface card fits into the printer’s
internal socket.
4. Replace the cover and secure the screws to complete
installation,
Note: If the original screws do not fit, use the screws provided
in the interface package.
To remove the interface card, first unplug the power cord; then
perform the reverse of the steps above.
Using the Printer Options
4-17
Interface Card
The C823051 serial interface card
If you are using an optional interface, it may be necessary for you
to alter the communication protocol of the printer or computer so
they can communicate properly. In most cases, you should use the
information in your optional interface manual or your computer’s
manual to match the computer with the interface.
If you are using the C823051 optional interface card with your
printer, make sure that you read through the section below on
baud-rate selection. You may also want to refer to the section on
handshake timing and error handling for interface information
specific to your printer.
For all other data transfer conventions, such as word structure or
communications protocol, see the manual supplied with your
C823051 optional interface.
Baud rate selection
You can select from the following baud rates: 150, 300, 600, 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600, and 19,200 bps (bits per second). When you set
the baud rate, see the baud rate selection table in the C823051
interface manual.
Handshake timing
When the vacant area for data in the input buffer drops to 256
bytes, the printer outputs an X-OFF code or sets the DTR flag to
“1” (MARK) indicating that it cannot receive data.
Once the vacant area for data in the buffer increases to 528 bytes,
the printer outputs an X-ON code or sets the DTR flag to “0”
(SPACE) indicating that it is again ready to receive data.
Error handling
When a parity error is detected, your printer prints an asterisk (*).
All other errors, including framing and overrun errors, are ignored.
4-18
Using the Printer Options
Chapter 5
Maintenance and Transportation
Cleaning the Printer ...............................................................
5-2
Replacing the Ribbon Cartridge.. ..........................................
5-3
Transporting the Printer ........................................................
5-4
Maintenance and Transportation
5-1
Cleaning the Printer
To keep your printer operating at its best, you should clean it
thoroughly several times a year.
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off. Then remove the paper
guide, printer cover, tractor unit, and any installed options.
2. Use a soft brush to carefully clear away all dust and dirt.
3. If the outer case or paper guide is dirty or dusty, clean it with
a soft, clean cloth dampened with a mild detergent. Keep the
printer cover in place to prevent water from getting inside the
printer.
WARNING: Be careful not to get water on the printer
mechanism or electronic components.
0t0
CAUTION:
l
l
l
5-2
Never use alcohols or thinners to clean the printer;
these chemicals can damage the components as well
as the case.
Do not use a hard or abrasive brush.
Do not spray the inside of the printer with lubricants;
unsuitable oils can damage the mechanism. Contact
your dealer or a qualified service person if you think
lubrication is needed.
Maintenance and Transportation
Replacing the Ribbon Cartridge
When your printing becomes too faint, you need to replace the
ribbon cartridge. The following Epson replacement ribbon
cartridges are recommended:
Printer
Standard fabric
LQ-870
7753
# 7754
LQ-1170
#
Film
#
#
7768
7770
To replace the ribbon cartridge, follow the steps described in
Installing the ribbon cartridge in Chapter 1.
Note:
l
l
Use the optional film ribbon when you need especially highquality printing. For everyday operations, use the standard
ribbon.
Do not use ribbons designed for nine-pin printers.
Maintenance and Transportation
5-3
Transporting the Printer
If you need to transport your printer some distance, carefully
repack it using the original box and packing materials, as described
below.
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Remove the paper guide and any installed options.
3. Unplug the power cord from the electrical outlet; then
disconnect the interface cable from the printer.
4. Remove the ribbon cartridge.
5. If you have removed the tractor unit, replace it now according
to the instructions in Chapter 2.
6. If your printer had a protective screw, replace it now to protect
the printer during shipment. See Chapter 1 for instructions.
7. Repack the printer, ribbon cartridge, paper guide, and power
cord in the original packing materials and insert them in the
original box.
5-4
Maintenance and Transportation
Chapter 6
Troubleshooting
Problems and Solutions.............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Power Supply ..........................................................................
6-3
Printing .....................................................................................
6-4
Paper Handling .......................................................................
6-8
Options ....................................................................................
6-10
Troubleshooting 6-1
H
Problems and Solutions
This chapter presents solutions to possible printer problems. If you
have difficulty achieving the desired printing result, first locate the
problem in the list below and then see the appropriate page for the
solution.
Power supply
.
Power is not being supplied.
S e e
6 - 3
Printing
l
l
.
l
l
The printer does not print.
The print is faint or uneven.
Dots are missing in the printed characters or
graphics.
Printed characters are not what you expected.
The print position is not what you expected.
S e e 6 - 4
See 6-5
_.
See 6-5
See6-5
See 6-6
_
Paper handling
l
l
Single sheets do not feed properly.
Continuous paper does not feed properly.
See 6-8
See 6-9
Options
l
l
.
6-2
When you use the cut-sheet feeder, the paper does not
See
feed properly.
When you use two tractor units in combination,
See
continuous paper does not feed properly.
When you use an optional interface, the printer does not
See
operate properly.
Troubleshooting
6-10
6-11
6-11
-
.~
-
Power Supply
Power is not being supplied.
l
The POWER light does not go on.
Check that the power cable is plugged into the electrical
outlet properly.
If the electrical outlet is controlled by an outside switch or
automatic timer, use a different outlet.
Plug another electrical device into the outlet to determine
whether the outlet is operating properly.
Troubleshooting 6-3
Printing
The printer does not print.
The PAUSE light is on.
Press the PAUSE button.
The PAUSE light is off but nothing is printed.
Check that the software is installed properly for your
printer. Check the software’s printer settings.
Check both ends of the interface cable between the printer
and the computer. Make sure the cable meets both the
printer and computer specifications. For the parallel
interface, be sure your cable is a shielded twisted-pair
parallel cable.
The PAPER OUT light is on.
Load paper in the printer.
The printer sounds like it is printing, but nothing is
printed.
The ribbon cartridge may not be installed properly. See the
section on ribbon installation in Chapter 1.
The ribbon may be worn out. Replace the ribbon cartridge.
The paper thickness setting may be incorrect. See page
2-25.
The printer makes a strange noise, the beeper sounds
several times, and the printer stops abruptly.
Turn off the printer and check for a paper jam, ribbon jam,
or other problems; then try to print again. If the printer still
does not print correctly, contact your dealer or a qualified
service person.
6-4
Troubleshooting
Printing
l
The PAUSE light is flickering and printer does not print or
it stops printing abruptly.
The print head is overheated. Wait a few minutes; the
printer resumes printing automatically when the print head
cools.
The print is faint or uneven.
l
Printed characters have parts missing at the bottom.
The ribbon cartridge may not be installed properly. See the
section on ribbon installation in Chapter 1.
l
The printout is faint.
The ribbon may be worn out. Replace the ribbon cartridge.
Check that the paper-thickness lever is set correctly for the
paper you are using.
Dots are missing in the printed characters or graphics.
l
A line of dots is missing in the printout.
The print head is damaged. Stop printing and have your
dealer or a qualified service person to replace the print head.
l
Dots are missing in random positions.
There is either slack in the ribbon or the ribbon has come
loose. Reinstall the ribbon cartridge.
Printed characters are not what you expected.
l
The typestyle or characters that are set by your software
cannot be printed.
Check that the software is correctly installed for your
printer.
Troubleshooting 6-5
Printing
l
The font selected by the control panel does not print.
Your software may be overriding your panel setting. Check
the font setting in your application program.
l
The wrong characters are printed.
._
The wrong character table or the wrong international
character set may be selected. Check the DIP-switch
settings. See page 3-8.
The print position is not what you expected.
l
Printing starts too high or too low on the page.
Adjust the top margin set by your application software.
Use Micro-feed to adjust the print position.
l
All the text is printed on the same line.
Set DIP switch 2-4 on so that the printer automatically
adds a line-feed code to each carriage return.
a The text is printed with an extra blank line in between.
-
Two line-feed signals are being sent. Set DIP switch 2-4
off.
-
l
The page length does not match the length of your
continuous paper.
Change the page-length setting with DIP switches 2-1 and
2-2. See page 3-8.
Check the page length set by your application software and
adjust it if necessary.
6-6
Troubleshooting
-.
-
Printing
l
Regular gaps occur in the printout.
One-inch skip-over-perforation may be set. Set DIP switch
1-8 off.
l
Skip-over-perforation is set, but the perforation does not fall
in the center of the skip.
Adjust the top-of-form position as described in Chapter 2.
Make sure the DIP-switch settings match your required
paper length. See page 3-8.
If your application program is setting the top and bottom
margins, set DIP switch 1-8 off.
l
Printing starts too low on the page, or the bottom part of
one page is printed at the top of the next page.
Be sure to choose the correct printer when you choose a
printer from your application program’s menu. See
Chapter 1.
Use your application software to reduce or eliminate the top
margin and to reduce the page length.
If possible, specify single-sheet paper with your application
software.
If the printer still does not print correctly, try the self test
described in Chapter 1. If the self test works properly, the printer
is all right and the problem probably lies in the computer, the
software, or the cable. If the self test does not work, contact your
dealer or a qualified service person.
Troubleshooting 6-7
Paper Handling
The following section guides you through problems in handling
single sheets and continuous paper. If you are having problems
using the optional cut-sheet feeder, see the section on options
starting on page 6-10.
Single sheets do not feed properly.
l
When you insert single-sheet paper, the platen does not
rotate and paper does not feed.
Check that the paper-release lever is pushed back to the
single-sheet position.
The paper may be too far to the right. Align the left edge
guide with the arrow mark on the paper guide.
l
When you insert the paper, the platen rotates but paper
does not feed.
Reinsert the paper more firmly.
l
Printing starts too low on the page, or the bottom part of
one page is printed at the top of the next page.
Be sure to choose the correct printer when you choose a
printer from your application program’s menu. See Chapter
1.
If possible, specify single-sheet paper with your application
software.
Use your application software to reduce or eliminate the top
margin and reduce the page length.
Reduce the lines-per-page setting in your software.
6-8
Troubleshooting
Paper Handling
9
The paper feed is crooked or the paper jams.
Turn off the printer and put the paper-release lever in the
pull-tractor position. Pull out the paper and check the
following two items:
l
l
l
Make sure the paper size is within the specified range.
See page 7-4.
Make sure the paper is aligned with the edge guides.
The paper does not fully eject.
Use the LOAD/EJECT button to eject paper. Do not use the
LF/FF button.
The paper may be too long. Only use paper that is within
the specified range.
Continuous paper does not feed properly.
l
When you send data, the platen does not turn and the
push tractor does not feed the paper.
The PAUSE light is on. Press the PAUSE button.
l
The paper does not feed, although the platen rotates.
Check that the paper-release lever is set to the correct
position.
l
The paper feed is crooked or the paper jams.
Make sure the paper supply is not obstructed by a cable or
some other object.
Make sure that your paper supply is positioned within
1 meter (3 feet) of the printer.
The position of your paper supply may be preventing it
from feeding straight.
Troubleshooting 6-9
See that the holes on the sides of the paper are aligned
with each other. Also, make sure the sprocket units are
locked and their covers are closed.
Check that the paper-thickness lever is set correctly for the
paper you are using. See page 2-25.
Check that the paper thickness is within the specified
range. See page 7-6.
l
The paper does not eject properly.
The page is too long. Tear off the paper and remove it from
the printer. Only use paper that is within the specified
range.
6-10
Troubleshooting
Options
Options
When you use the cut-sheet feeder, the paper does not feed
properly.
l
When a print command is sent from the computer, the
platen rotates but paper does not feed.
The cut-sheet feeder may be incorrectly installed on the
printer.
See that the paper-release lever is pushed back to the
single-sheet position.
Paper may be jammed near the print head.
You may have loaded too many sheets in the cut-sheet
feeder’s bin.
There may be only one sheet left in the bin. Add more
paper.
l
Two or more sheets feed at the same time.
You may have loaded too many sheets in the cut-sheet
feeder’s bin.
You may have forgotten to fan the stack of paper before
loading it into the bin. Remove the paper and fan it.
l
The paper feed is crooked.
The paper may be old or creased. Use only new, clean
sheets of paper.
There may be too much paper in the stacker.
Make sure that your paper is the proper size and quality.
Troubleshooting
6-11
Options
When you use two tractor units in combination, continuous
paper does not feed properly.
l
The paper feed is crooked or paper jams.
Make sure that the sprocket units on both tractors are
aligned.
When you use an optional interface, the printer does not operate
properly.
l
The printer does not print or the printout is not what you
expected.
You may be trying to use an interface or interface cable
with the wrong specifications. Check the specifications to
make sure you can use the interface with this printer.
The computer and printer interface settings may not match.
Make sure the settings on the computer and printer match.
6-12
Troubleshooting
Chapter 7
Technical Specifications
Printer Specifications.. ............................................................
Printing.. ...............................................................................
Paper.. ...................................................................................
Mechanical.. .........................................................................
Electrical.. .............................................................................
Environmental .....................................................................
7-2
7-2
7-4
7-7
7-8
7-9
Interface Specifications.. ......................................................... 7-10
Specifications and pin assignments .................................. 7-10
7-13
Interface timing ...................................................................
Optional Specifications ..........................................................
Cut-sheet feeder.. ................................................................
7-14
Initialization .............................................................................
Default settings.. .................................................................
7-16
7-14
7-16
Technical Specifications 7-1
Printer Specifications
Printing
Printing method:
24-pin impact dot matrix
Printing speed:
Quality
Characters per inch
Characters/second/line
10
300
10
275
12
330
15
413
10
92
12
110
15
138
High-speed draft
Draft
Letter quality
Printing direction:
Bidirectional logic-seeking for text.
Unidirectional for graphics.
(Bidirectional for graphics can be selected
with DIP switch 1-5 or the
proper software command.)
Line spacing:
1/6-inch, 1/8-inch or programmable in
increments of 1/360-inch
Paper-feed speed:
Friction: 59.0 ms/line at 1/6-inch line
spacing
Tractor: 64.1 ms/line at 1/6-inch line
spacing
Continuous feed: 3.6 inches per second
Buffer:
8KB or 0KB (DIP-switch selectable)
.-
7-2
Technical Specifications
Printer Specifications
Printable columns:
Character size
I
Maximum printed characters
LQ-1170
LQ-870
I
I
IO cpi
80
136
12 cpi
96
164
15 cpi
120
204
1 17 cpi (10 cpi condensed) 1
137
20 cpi (12 cpi condensed) 1
160
Character fonts:
Font
Point
I
1
I
233
272
7Pt
15cpi
1Ocpi
10spt
12cpi
Epson Draft
0
0
0
Epson Courier
0
0
0
Epson Roman
0
0
0
0
Epson Sans Serif
0
0
0
0
Pitch
I Epson Prestige
I
I
0
Epson Script
I
0
0
Proportional
I
I
0
Epson Script C
0
Epson Orator
I
I Epson Orator-S
0
I
I
1 OCR-B
0
0
I
I
I
I
You can also select other font/pitch combinations using ESC/P 2
commands. See the command summary in chapter 8 for details.
Scalable fonts:
1 Font
1 Epson Roman
I Epson Sans Serif
Character tables:
min
I
I
8
8
pt
max pt
1
I
32
32
increments
I
I
2Pt
2rY
standard ASCII characters
14 international character sets
1 legal character set
5 graphics character sets
96
Technical Specifications 7-3
I
I
Printer Specifications
Paper
Paper size:
LQ-1170
LQ-870
Paper
Single sheet
148 to 257 mm
(5.8 to 10.1 inches)
182 to 257 mm
(7.2 to 10.1 inches)
Width Top insertion
Front insertion
148 to
(5.8 to
182 to
(7.2 to
420 mm
16.5 inches)
364 mm
14.3 inches)
max. 364 mm (14.3 inch)
Length
1 Multi-part form length 1 max. 297 mm (11.7 inches) 1 max. 364 mm (14.3 inches
I Continuous paper I
Width
101 to 254 mm
(4 to 10 inch)
101 to 406 mm
(4 to 16 inch)
Envelope
Width X length
166 X 92 mm (6.5 X 3.265 inch) No. 6
240 X 104 mm (9.5 X 4.125 inch) No. IO
I Labels
I
I Width X length
1 min. 63.5 X 23.8 mm (2 l/2 X 16 inches)
Printable area:
Single sheets
8.5 mm 10.33’7 or morr
Printable area
13.5 mm (0.53’7 or more
7-4
Technical Specifications
3.0 mm (0.12”7
or more
6 mm lO.24’?
or more:
La-870
257 mm (10.1 ‘7
width paper
25 mm (0.98’)
or more:
LQ-1170
420 mm (16.5”)
width paper
Printer Specifications
Continuous paper
9 mm (0. 35’1
or more
9 mm (0. .35’)
01
I .I‘I
Printable area
more
I’I’ I
M
See the table below
LQ-870
LQ-1170
Minimum left and right
margin
Paper width
Paper width
101 to 241 mm
(4 to 9.5 inches)
101 to 377.8 mm
(4 to 14.575 inches)
13 mm (0.51 inch)
381 to 406 mm
(15 to 16 inches)
15 mm (0.59 inch)
254 mm (10 inches)
-
26 mm (1.02 inches)
Technical Specifications 7-5
Printer Specifications
Paper thickness:
Paper weight:
Paper quality:
Number of copies:
Single sheets
top or front
insertion
0.065 to 0.14 mm
(0.0025 to 0.0055 inch)
(front insertion):
multi-part
0.12 to 0.32 mm
(0.0047 to 0.012 inch)
0.065 to 0.14 mm
Continuous
(0.0025 to 0.0055 inch)
0.12 to 0.32 mm
multi-part
(0.0047 to 0.012 inch)
0.16 to 0.52 mm
Envelopes
(0.0063 to 0.0197 inch)
Labels (including backing sheet)
0.16 to 0.19 mm
(0.0063 to 0.0075 inch)
Single sheets
14 to 24 lb
top insertion
(52.3 to 90 g/m’)
17 to 24 lb
front insertion
(64 to 90 g/m2)
Continuous paper 14 to 22 lb
(52.3 to 82 g/m2)
12 to 15 lb X 4
Multi-part forms
(40 to 58 g/m2 X 4)
12 to 24 lb
Envelopes
(45 to 91 g/m2)
Single sheets and continuous paper:
plain paper, carbonless multi-part forms
Envelopes:
bond paper, plain paper, air mail
Carbonless, multi-part forms; Single sheet,
front insertion or continuous paper:
1 original plus up to 3 copies
Notes: You can use recycled paper with this printer; however,
you may notice an increase in ribbon consumption and paper
jamming. If this occurs, use a higher grade of paper.
7-6
Technical Specifications
--.
__
Printer Specifications
Mechanical
Paper-feed methods:
Friction (without or with optional
cut-sheet feeder)
Push-tractor (front- or rear-tractor)
Pull-tractor
Push-pull-tractor (optional)
Ribbon:
Fabric ribbon cartridge
LQ-870: #7753, LQ-1170: #7754
Life expectancy
In LQ, at 48 dots/character):
2 million characters
Film ribbon cartridge
LQ-870: #7768, LQ-1170: #7770
Life expectancy
In LQ, at 48 dots/character):
0.2 million characters ( # 7768)
0.3 million characters ( # 7770)
MCBF:
For all components (excluding print head):
5 million lines
MTBF:
LQ-870: 4000 power-on hours (25% duty)
LQ-1170: 6000 power-on hours (25%
duty)
Print head life:
200 million strokes/wire (for fabric ribbon)
100 million strokes/wire (for film ribbon)
Dimensions and weight:
LQ-870
LQ-1170
Height
171 mm (6.8 in.)
171 mm (6.8 in.)
Width
449 mm (18 in.)
624 mm (25 in.)
Depth
365 mm (14.6 in.)
365 mm (14.6 in.)
Weight
approx. 8.9 kg (19.6 lb)
approx. 12.3 kg (27.1 lb)
Technical Specifications
7-7
Printer Specifications
Electrical
Rated voltage:
AC 120 V
Input voltage range:
AC 103.5 to 132 V
Rated current:
2.0 A
Power consumption:
(during self-test printing in draft
mode, at 10 cpi)
LQ-870:
approx. 58 W
LQ-1170: approx. 58 W
Rated frequency range:
50 to 60 Hz
Input frequency range:
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
Insulation resistance:
10 Mohms minimum (at DC 500 V
between AC power line and chassis)
Dielectric strength
(between AC line and
chassis):
7-8
AC 1.2 kV (rms), 1 second
Technical Specifications
Printer Specifications
Environmental
Temperature:
Operation: 5” to 35°C (41” to 95°F)
Storage: -30" to 60°C (-22" to 140°F)
Humidity:
Operation:
Storage:
10% to 80% RH without
condensation
5% to 85% RH without
condensation
Technical Specifications
7-9
Interface Specifications
Your printer is equipped with a parallel interface
Specifications and pin assignments
The built-in parallel interface has the following characteristics:
Data format:
B-bit parallel
Synchronization:
STROBE pulse
Handshake timing:
BUSY and ACKNLG signals
Signal level:
TTL compatible level
Connector:
36-pin 57-30360 Amphenol connector or
equivalent
Connector pin assignments and a description of their respective
interface signals are shown in the following table.
Signal Return
Pin
Pin
1
19
Signal
Direction
Description
STROBE
in
STROBE pulse to read data. Pulse width
must be more than 0.5 microseconds at
the receiving terminal.
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
represent
These
signals
information
of
the 1st to 8th bits of parallel data,
respectively. Each signal is at HIGH level
when data is logical 1 and LOW when it
is logical 0.
OUT
About an 1 l-microsecond pulse.
LOW indicates that data has been
received and that the printer is ready to
accept more data.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
DATA 1
DATA 2
DATA 3
DATA 4
DATA 5
DATA 6
DATA 7
DATA 8
10
28
ACKNLG
7-10
Technical Specifications
Interface Specifications
Signal Return
Pin
Pin
11
29
Signal
Description
Direction
BUSY
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates that the printer
cannot receive data. The signal goes
HIGH in the following cases:
1) During data entry (ea. char. time)
2) During printing
3) When PAUSE botton is pressed
4) During printer-error state.
12
30
PE
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates that the printer is
out of paper.
13
-
SLCT
OUT
Pulled up to 5 volts through 3.3 Kohm
resistance.
14
-
AUTO
FEED
R=T
IN
15
-
When this signal is LOW, the paper is
automatically fed 1 line after printing.
(The signal level can be fixed to this by
setting DIP switch 2-4 to ON.)
Not used.
NC
16
-
GND
17
-
CHASSIS GND
Printer’s chassis ground, which is
isolated from the logic ground.
NC
Not used.
18
-
-
Logic ground level.
19-30
-
GND
-
Twisted-pair return signal ground level.
31
16
INIT
IN
When this level becomes LOW, the
printer controller is reset to its power-up
state and the print buffer is cleared. This
level is normally HIGH; its pulse width
must be more than 50 microseconds at
the receiving terminal.
32
ERROR
OUT
This level becomes LOW when the printer
is:
1) in paper out state
2) PAUSE
3) in error state.
Technical Specifications
7-11
interface Specifications
Note:
l
.
l
l
7-12
The column heading “Direction” refers to the direction of
signal flow as viewed from the printer.
“Return” denotes the twisted-pair return, to be connected at
signal ground level. For the interface wiring, be sure to use a
twisted-pair cable for each signal and to complete the
connection on the return side.
All interface conditions are based on TTL level. Both the rise
and fall times of each signal must be less than 0.2
microseconds.
Data transfer must be carried out by observing the ACKNLG
or BUSY signal. Data transfer to this printer can be carried
out only after receipt of the ACKNLG signal or when the
level of the BUSY signal is LOW.
Technical Specifications
Interface Specifications
Interface timing
The figure below shows the timing for the parallel interface.
BUSY
AKm
D A
TA
STROBE
Technical Specifications
7-13
Option Specifications
Cut-sheet feeders
Dimensions and weight
Dimensions include the printer
Bin capacity:
Single sheets:
Envelopes:
MCBF:
7-14
C806371 and C806391
Up to 50 sheets of 22-lb (82-g/m2) paper
C806381 and C806401
Up to 150 sheets of 22-lb (82-g/m’)
paper
C806381 and C806401
Up to 25 (plain and bond type)
Up to 30 (air mail)
100,000 cycles
Technical Specifications
Optional Specifications
Width C806371
C806391
C806381
C806401
Paper length
Thickness
Weight
Paper storage
conditions:
Envelopes
Single sheets
182 to 216 mm
N/A
(7.17 to 8.50 in.)
N/A
182 to 420 mm
(7.17 to 16.54 in.)
182 to 216 mm
165 to 241 mm
(6.54 to 9.49 in.)
(7.17 to 8.50 in.)
182 to 420 mm
165 to 241 mm
(7.17 to 16.54 in.)
(6.54 to 9.49 in.)
210 to 364 mm
92 to 104 mm
(8.27 to 14.33 in.)
(3.62 to 4.09 in.)
0.25 to 0.50 mm
0.07 to 0.12 mm
(0.0028 to 0.0047 in.) (0.0098 to 0.0197 in.)
18 to 24 lb
12 to 24 lb
(64 to 91 g/m2)
(45 to 91 g/m2)
Temperature: 18" to 22°C (64" to 72°F)
Humidity:
40% to 60% RH
Environmental
Temperature:
Operation: 5” to 35°C (41" to 95°F)
Storage:
-30" to 60°C (-22" to 140°F)
Humidity
(without
condensation):
Operation: 15% to 80% RH
Storage:
5% to 85% RH
Note:
. 24-lb paper printing is available only at normal operating
conditions.
l
Envelope printing is available only with the C806381 or
C806401 cut-sheet feeder at normal operating conditions.
Technical Specifications
7-15
Optional Specifications
-
Initialization
There are three ways that the printer can be initialized (returned to
a fixed set of conditions):
Hardware initialization
When the power is turned on or when the
printer receives an INIT signal from the
parallel interface (pin 31 goes LOW).
Software initialization
When software sends the ESC @ (initialize
the printer) command.
._
Panel initialization
When the PAUSE button is pushed with the
ALT button held down.
_
These three kinds of initialization have slightly different effects.
Software and panel initialization do not initialize the printer
mechanism or clear the user-defined character set. Also, software
initialization does not clear the data buffer of all text.
Default settings
The table below shows the default conditions that take effect
when the printer is initialized.
Default condition
Item
Top-of-form position
1 Left and right margins
Current paper position
1 Cancelled
Line spacing
l/6-inch line spacing
Vertical tab positions
Cleared
1 Horizontal tab positions
I Every eight characters
1 VFU channel
I Channel o
Font selection
Reset to the current panel setting
User-defined
Characters
Hardware: cleared
Software: deselected only
Character pitch
Reset to the current panel setting
7-16
Technical Specifications
I
I
_.
Chapter 8
Command Summary
Using the Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
Commands Arranged by Topic .............................................
General operation ................................................................
Paper feeding .......................................................................
Page format ..........................................................................
Print position motion .........................................................
Font selection .......................................................................
Font enhancement ...............................................................
Spacing .................................................................................
Character handling.. ............................................................
Bit image ..............................................................................
Graphics ...............................................................................
8-3
8-3
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
8-9
8-9
8-11
8-12
Command Summary 8-1
Using the Command Summary
This printer uses the Epson ESC/P 2 printer control language. You
can use these commands to produce high quality laser-like
printouts. ESC/P 2 commands provide scalable fonts (Epson
Roman and Epson Sans Serif) and enhanced graphics.
The following section lists and describes all the commands by
topic. If a command has parameters, they are explained. Parameters
are indicated by lowercase italicized letters, usually n. The
examples below show how the parameters are indicated.
ESC @ is a command with no parameters.
ESC U l/O is a command that uses 1 to turn the feature on and 0
to turn it off.
ESC $ nl ~22 is a command with two parameters.
ESC D nn is a command with a variable number of parameters.
For comprehensive information on all these commands, call (800)
922-8911 to purchase the Epson ESC/P Reference Manual.
8-2
Command Summary
Commands Arranged by Topic
General operation
ASCII
Dec. Hex. Description
ESC @
64
ESC
U
ESC
EM
40
Initialize Printer
l/O
85
55
Turn Unidirectional Mode On/Off
n
25
19
Control Paper Loading/Ejecting
n = “1” Select bin1 of CSF
n = “2” Select bin2 of CSF
n = “R” Eject a sheet
* For the ESC EM command the variables are the characters
“1” (49 decimal or 31 hex) and “2” (50 decimal or 32 hex).
Do not use 1 decimal, 01 hex, 2 decimal, or 02 hex.
Paper feeding
ASCII
Dec. Hex. Description
CR
13
OD
Carriage Return
FF
12
oc
Form Feed
LF
10
OA
Line Feed
ESC 0
48
30
Select l/B-inch Line Spacing
ESC 2
50
32
Select l/6-inch Line Spacing
ESC 3 n
51
33
Set n/180-inch Line Spacing
2B
Set n/360-inch Line Spacing
ESC
+
n
43
Command Summary 8-3
Commands Arranged by Topic
Page format
ASCII
Dec. Hex. Description
ESC ( c nn
40 99 28 63 Set Page Format
ESC(c 4 Oml m2nln2
m = m l + m2 X 2 5 6
m: Top margin in defined units
n = nl -I- n2 X 256
n: Bottom margin in defined units
ESC ( C nn
40 67 28 43 Set Page Length in Defined Units
ESC ( C 2 0 nl n2
n = nl i- n2 X 256
n: Number of defined units
ESC C n
67
43
Set Page Length in Lines
n = number of lines (1-127)
ESC C 0 n
67
43
Set Page Length in Inches
n = number of inches (1-22)
ESC N n
78
4E
Set Bottom Margin for Continuous
Paper
n = number of lines (1-127)
ESC 0
79
4F
Cancel Top/Bottom Margin for
Continuous Paper
ESC 1 n
108
6C
Set Left Margin
n = left margin column
ESC Q n
81
51
Set Right Margin
n = right margin column
8-4
Command Summary
Commands Arranged by Topic
Print position motion
ASCII
Dec. Hex. Description
Set Absolute Horizontal Print Position
ESC $ nl n2 3 6
24
n = nl i- n2 X 256
n: Specifies print position from left
margin in defined units
* Before you define unit, default is l/60-inch for this
command
Set Relative Horizontal Print Position
n = nl i- n2 X 256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
+ Before you define unit, default is l/120-inch in draft and
l/180-inch in LQ for this command
ESC \ nl n2 92
SC
ESC ( V nn
40 86 28 56 Set Absolute Vertical Print Position
ESC ( V 2 0 nl n2
n = nl + n2 X 256
n: Specifies print position from top
margin in defined units
ESC ( v nn
40 118 28 76 Set Relative Vertical Print Position
ESC(v20nln2
n = nl -t n2 X 256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
ESC D nn
68
44
Set Horizontal Tabs
Up to 32 tabs (1-255) entered in
ascending order
Terminated by 0
HT
9
09
Tab Horizontally
ESC B nn
66
42
Set Vertical Tabs
Up to 16 tabs (1-255); last n should
be 0
VT
11
OB
Tab Vertically
ESC J n
74
4A
Perform n/180-inch Line Feed
Command Summary 8-5
Commands Arranged by Topic
Font selection
ASCII
Dec. Hex. Description
ESC k n
107
6B
Select Typeface
r-l=
0: Roman
1: Sans Serif
2: Courier
3: Prestige
4: Script
5:
7:
8:
9:
OCR-B
Orator
Orator-S
Script C
ESC X nn
88
58
ESC I’
80
50
Select 10.5 point, 10 cpi
ESC M
77
4D
Select 10.5 point, 12 cpi
ESC g
103
67
Select 10.5 Point, 15 cpi
ESC p l/o
112
70
Turn Proportional Mode On/Off
ESC x n
120
78
Select Letter Quality or Draft
YZ = 0: Draft
1: Letter Quality
Select Font by Pitch and Point
ESC X m nl n2
m : Set pitch to 360/m cpi
m = 0 : No change in pitch
m = 1 : Select proportional
M = 0, 1, 18, 21, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48,
60, or 72
n = nl -k n2 X 256
n: Set point size in 0.5 points
Total points = (nl + n2 X 256) X
0.5
n = 0 : No change in point
n = 0, 16, 20, 21, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40,
42, 44, 48, 52, 56, 60, or 64 (for
Roman and Sans serif)
n = 0, 21, 42 (for other typeface)
* Cancel ESC X with ESC I’, M, g, p, !, or @
8-6
Command Summary
Commands Arranged by Topic
ASCII
Dec. Hex. Description
ESC 4
52
34
Select Italic Font
ESC 5
53
35
Cancel Italic Font
ESC E
69
45
Select Bold Font
ESC F
70
46
Cancel Bold Font
ESC ! n
33
21
Master Select
To find the value of n add together
the numbers of the typestyles you
want to combine from the list below:
n = 0: 10 cpi
1: 12 cpi
2: proportional
4: condensed
8: bold
16: double-strike
32: double-width
64: italic
128: underline
Font enhancement
ASCII
Dec. Hex. Description
SI
15
OF
Select Condensed Printing
DC2
18
12
Cancel Condensed Printing
SO
14
OE
Select Double-Width Printing (one
line)
57
Turn Double-Width Printing On/Off
14
Cancel Double-Width Printing (one
line)
ESCW
DC4
1/0
87
20
Command Summary 8-7
Commands Arranged by Topic
ASCII
Dec. Hex. Description
ESC w l/O
119
77
Turn Double-Height Printing On/Off
ESC G
71
47
Select Double-Strike Printing
ESC H
72
48
Cancel Double-Strike Printing
ESC S 0
83
53
Select Superscript Printing
ESC S 1
83
53
Select Subscript Printing
ESC T
84
54
Cancel Superscript/Subscript Printing
ESC ( - nn
40 45 28 2D Select Line/Score
ESC ( - 3 0 1 nl n2
nl = 1: Underline
nl = 2: Strikethrough
nl = 3: Overscore
n2 = 0: Cancel score line selected by
nl
n2 = 1: Single continuous line
n2 = 2: Double continuous line
n2 = 5: Single broken line
n2 = 6: Double broken line
ESC - 1/0
45
2D
Turn Underline On/Off
ESC q n
113
71
Select Character Style
n = 0: Normal style
1: Outline
2: Shadow
3: Outline with shadow
8-8
Command Summary
Commands Arranged by Topic
Spacing
Dec.
ASCII
ESC
Sl’n
ESC ( U
nn
32
Hex. Description
20
Set Intercharacter Space
n = number of units of space added
to the space between characters
(1-127)
Units are l/l20 inch (draft) and
l/180 inch (LQ and proportional)
40 85 28 55 Define Unit
ESC ( U 1 0 n Define positioning unit
as n/3600 inch n = 10, 20, 30, 40, 50,
60
n = 10; default
ESC c nl n2 9 9
63
Set Horizontal Motion Index (HMI)
Change Pitch in n/360-inch units
Total units = nl + n2 X 256
Character handling
ASCII
Dec. Hex.
ESC ( t nn
40 116 28 74 Assign Character Table
ESC ( t 3 0 dl d2 d3
Assign Character Table set by d2 and
d3 to dl
dl = 0, 1, 2, 3, “0”, “l”, “2”, or “3”
d2
d3
Character Table
0
0
Italic
1 0 PC 437 (USA)
3 0 PC 850 (Multilingual)
7 0 PC 860 (Portugal)
8 0 PC 863 (Canada-French)
9 0 PC 865 (Norway)
Description
Command Summary 8-9
Commands Arranged by Topic
Dec. Hex. Description
Select Character Table
116
74
Select character table n assigned by
ESC ( t
n = 0, 1, 2, 3, "0", "I", "2", or "3"
n = 2: Remaps download characters
from O-127 to 128-255
ASCII
ESC t n
ESC
R
n
ESC & nn
38
ESC: 0 n 0
ESC
ESC 6
8-10
%
82
58
n
37
54
52
Select an International Character Set
n = 0: USA 8: Japan
1 : F r a n c e 9: N o r w a y
2: Germany 10: Denmark II
3: UK 11: Spain II
4: Denmark 12: Latin America
5: S w e d e n 13: K o r e a
6: Italy 64: Legal
7: Spain
26
Define User-Defined Character
ESC & 0 nl n2 d0 dl d2 data
nl = first character number
n2 = last character number
d0 = left space of character
Al = Body width of character
A2 = right space of character
data: 3 bytes required for each
column; super/subscripts require only
2 bytes per column
3A
Copy ROM to RAM
n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 9
n: Typeface
25
Select User-Defined Set
n = 0: Normal set
1: User-defined set
36
Enable Printing of Upper Control
Codes
With Extended Graphics this
command enables the printing of
codes 128-159
Command Summary
-
-.
_.
Commands Arranged by Topic
ASCII
Dec. Hex. Description
ESC 7
55
ESC ( n nn
4094 28 5E Print Data as Characters
ESC ( a nl n2 data
n = nl •k n2 x 256
n: amount of data
data: n byte data for printing as
character
37
Enable Upper Control Codes
Cancels ESC 6
Bit image
ASCII
ESC
33
38
39
40
Dec. Hex.
*
nn
42
2A
Description
Select Bit Image
ESC * m nl n2 data
n = nl + n2 x 256
n: Total columns
Total data = (nl -I- n2 X 256) X t
120
180
24
enable
90
180
enable
180
180
360
180
24
24
24
enable
disable
Command Summary
3
3
3
3
8-11
Commands Arranged by Topic
Graphics
Dec. Hex. Description
ESC ( G nn
40 71 28 47 Select Graphics Mode
ESC ( G 1 0 n
n = 1, or 49
* Cancel Graphics mode with ESC @
ESC.
nn
Print Raster Graphics
ESC . c v h m nl n2 data
c = 0: Full graphics mode
1: Compressed mode
v = 10, 20: Dot density for vertical in
3600/v DPI
h = 10, 20: Dot density for
horizontal in 3600/h DPI
m : Number of vertical dots
I< m < 2 4
n: Number of horizontal dots
Total dots = nl -I- n2 X 256
* The following combination is not allowed: v= 10 and h = 20
46
2E
-
8-12
Command Summary
Appendix
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
Italic character table.. .............................................................. A-2
Graphics character tables ..................................................... A-3
International Character Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . A-6
Appendix A-1
Character Tables
These character tables are selected by setting DIP switches l-l,
1-2, 1-3, and 1-4, or using the ESC t software command. For the
graphics character tables, the ESC 6 and ESC 7 software commands
let you select whether hex codes 80 to 9F are characters (ESC 6) or
control codes (ESC 7).
Italic character table
CDDE0123456769ABCDEF
0
NUL
SPO @ P - ptU
sPO4?P‘p
1
!IAQaq
!IAQaq
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A-2
DC2 ”
2BRbr
DC2"ZBRbr
#3CScs
oCS$ 4 D T d t
#3CScs
DC4$ 4 D T d t
%5EUeu
&6FVfv
'7GWgw
(8HXhx
%SEUeu
&6FVfv
‘7GWgw
(BHXhx
HTEM)9IYiyKTEM)9IYiy
LF
*
VTESC+
FF
CR
L
SO
SI
;
Appendix
:JZjzLF
*:JZjz
K[k{VTESC+*K[k{
:L\l:FF
,:L\l'
=M]m}CR
-=Mlm)
>N^n-SO
>N*nl
TO-0
SI
j?O
-
0
Character Tables
Graphics character tables
PC 437 (United States)
CDDE0123456789ABCDEF
p(-gQ$LlL.~
SP 0 @ P
0
NUL
1
!lAQaqfiaiglfp+
l
2
3
4
5
DC2
"
2BRbr&!16
#3CScsd6ti
DC4$4DTdtgid
§%SEUeu&bfi
r
1
PC 850 (Multilingual)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
0123456789ABCDEF
pCfi&$LB(jSP 0 @ P
IWL
l
$glDg+
1 A Q a q ii & i iii
DC2 ” 2BRbre16
!
#3CScs$86
DC4$4DTdt&id
§%SEUeuh&fiA+lo§
&6FVfvbQaffgfpt
'7GWgwqtiQAxfp,
S
SI
=MJm)i0iQ=iP2
O
.>N n-Ax(Yj\i-m
/?O - 0
AfB,n=*
Appendix A-3
Character Tables
PC 860 (Portugal)
CODE0123456789ABCDEF
SP 0 @ P
* p c fi 6 g L JL a E
0
NUL
!lAQaqfiAi$$lypf
1
2
3
4
DC2
"
2BRbr&&6
#3CScsb6ti
DC4$4DTdt&e,A
r
2
PC 863 (Canada-French)
CODE0123456789ABCDEF
:::
..i_.
SPO @ P * p C E ( sis::: Ly a L
0
NUL
!lAQaq(i&*sl~pf
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2BRbr6*6#
DC2 "
#3CScs~~ii
DC4$4DTdtAli:"+-Lc
§%SEUeuhf
$ t PO
&6FVfvab'ilk
p+
'7GWgwqti--,,[I R r=
(BHXhx&nfTk
a"
J
f
9
8
A
B
C
D
E S
F
A-4
VlESC+
* K[kfx@:qT
FF
:L\l; zf&d;
CR
I =M]m}-03U=
O
.>N^n-AoaA#
SI
/?O-0
§f,,’
1
Appendix
l
Character Tables
PC 865 (Norway)
CDDE0123456789ABCDEF
SP 0 @ P - pCEd% L 1L a E
0
NUL
!lAQaqiiaei g I + p f
DC2 " 2BRbrelgZi
r 1
#3CScsb6ti
DC4$4DTdtaifi
§%SEUeuhbfi
&6 FV
'7GWgw~hQ~
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Characters available with ESC ( *
l o
1 7 1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Q)
5
0
+
+
4
!!
!I
Q
P
R
0
a*)
A
v
To print the characters in the table
on ;he left you must first send the
ESC ( a cdmmand. This command is
valid only on printers featuring
Epson ESC/P2.
-
cl
Appendix A-5
Character Tables
International Character Sets
Country
DIP SW
ASCII code hex
23 24 40 58 5C 5D 5E 60 78 7C 7D 7E l-l 1-2 l-3
0 USA
1 France
#
$
@
[
#
$
b
’
q
5
2 Germany
#
$
8
;d
tl
ij
3 U.K.
$
$
@
@
[
A
\
0
1
4 Denmark
f
#
A *
5 Sweden
#
tl
$
ii
t)
‘t&
6 Italy
#
$
@
o
\
6
7 Spain
R
$
@
i
\
fi
1
-
i
1
-
ON
ON
ON
’
t
d
ii
b
*-
ON
ON
OFF
*
’
ki
ij
ii
fi
ON
OFF
ON
-
’
A
ii
{
{ ; } * ON OFF OFF
’ a? 0 a% - OFF ON ON
it
ii
A
h
h
b
6
i
A
’
‘*
fi
}
i
6
&
6
N
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
* DIP switch 1-4 must be off for you to select the above
international character sets by DIP switch.
The following eight additional sets are available only when you
use ESC R software command.
Country
ASCII code hex
23
24
40
56
5C
5D
5E
60
78
7C
70
7E
8 Japan
#$@[vl-‘{I~-
9 Norway
f~~Et#a,Ali&ceae&ti
10 Denmark II
#$$IOAii6~~aeOti
11 Spain II
#$hifii6’ifi6ti
12 Latin America
#$Ai
13 Korea
#$arwlA’{I~+ $ 5 o ’ Iv q t Q Q t -
64 Legal
A-6
Appendix
Ridiiiii6ii
Glossary
The following definitions apply specifically to printers.
application program
A software program that helps you carry out a particular task, such
as word processing or financial planning.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A
standardized coding system for assigning numerical codes to letters
and symbols.
auto line feed
When this feature is selected using a DIP switch, each carriagereturn code (CR) is automatically followed by a line-feed (LF)
code.
bidirectional printing
Printing in which the print head prints from left to right only on
every other line. On the other lines, it prints from right to left.
This increases the speed of printing because the head prints in
both directions.
bit
A binary digit (0 or 1), which is the smallest unit of information
used by a printer or computer.
byte
A unit of information consisting of eight bits.
character set
A collection of letters, numbers, and symbols.
Glossary
GL-1
character table
A portion of the printer’s standard ASCII character set that you
use for graphic symbols or italic characters.
characters per inch (cpi)
A measure of the size of text characters. Ten cpi is the printer’s
default setting.
condensed printing
Printing in which each character is approximately 60% of the
width of standard characters. Useful for fitting wide tables or
spreadsheets onto a page.
continuous paper
Paper that has sprocket-feed holes on each side, is perforated
between pages, and is supplied in a folded stack. Also called
fanfold paper.
control code
Special codes used to control printer functions such as performing
a carriage return or line feed.
cpi
See characters per inch.
cut-sheet feeder (CSF)
An optional, detachable device that automatically feeds single
sheets of paper into the printer.
data dump
A troubleshooting feature that helps advanced users find the cause
of communication problems between the printer and the computer.
When the printer is in data dump mode, it prints each code it
receives in hexadecimal notation and ASCII code. Also called hex
dump.
GL-2
Glossary
default
A value or setting that takes effect when the equipment is turned
on, reset, or initialized.
DIP switches
Small switches in a printer that control various printer functions
and set the default status of the printer when it is turned on or
initialized. DIP stands for dual in-line package.
dot matrix
A method of printing in which each letter or symbol is formed by
a pattern (matrix) of individual dots.
double-height printing
Printing in which each character is twice as tall as normal.
double-strike printing
A way of producing bolder characters. Each character is printed
twice.
double-width printing
Printing in which each character is twice as wide as normal.
draft
One of three print qualities available on your printer.
Draft uses a minimum number of dots per character for high-speed
printing. See also high-speed draft and Letter Quality.
emphasized printing
A way of producing darker characters. Each character is printed
twice, with the second slightly to the right of the first.
ESC/P
Abbreviation for Epson Standard Code for Printers. This system of
commands gives you software control of your printer from your
computer. It is standard for all Epson printers and supported by
most application software for personal computers.
Glossary
GL-3
ESC/P 2
The enhanced version of the ESC/P printer command language.
Commands in this language give laser-like features: scalable fonts
and enhanced graphics printing.
-
font
A font is a style of type designated by a family name.
form feed
A control code and a panel button that advance the paper to the
next top of form position.
high-speed draft
One of the three print qualities available on your printer.
High-speed draft uses a minimum number of dots per character to
produce extremely high-speed printing. See also draft and Letter
Quality.
initialize
To establish the initial default status of the printer by turning on
the printer or sending an INIT signal.
interface
The connection between the computer and the printer. A parallel
interface transmits data one character or code at a time, and a
serial interface transmits data one bit at a time.
italics
A typestyle in which the characters slant. This sentence is
italicized. Also, a character table that contains italicized characters
and symbols.
Letter Quality (LQ)
One of three print qualities available on your printer. Letter
Quality provides better readability and appearance at a reduced
print speed. See also draft and high-speed draft.
GL-4
Glossary
._
line feed
A control code and a panel button that advance the paper one line
space.
loading position
The position to which the paper is automatically loaded. It can be
adjusted with the micro-feed feature.
micro feed
A feature that adjusts the paper loading and tear-off positions.
parallel interface
See interface.
platen
The black roller that provides a backing for the paper during
printing.
proportional printing
Printing in which the width of the character varies from character
to character. For example, a capital W receives much more space
than a lower case i. The result looks more like a typeset book than
a typewritten draft.
RAM
Random Access Memory. The portion of the printer’s memory
used as a buffer and for storing user-defined characters. All data
stored in RAM is lost when the printer is turned off.
reset
To return a printer to its defaults by sending a command or an
INIT signal or by turning the printer off and then back on.
self test
A method for checking the operation of the printer. When the self
test is run, the printer prints out its current DIP switch settings
and the characters that are stored in its ROM.
Glossary
GL-5
subscript
Printing in which each character is printed at about two-thirds the
normal height in the lower part of the character space.
superscript
Printing in which each character is printed at about two-thirds the
normal height in the upper part of the character space.
tear off
A feature that automatically feeds the perforation of continuous
paper to the tear-off position and then feeds the paper back to the
loading position.
tear-off position
The position the printer feeds the paper to when you press the
TEAR OFF button or when the auto tear-off mode is on. This
position can be adjusted using micro-feed so that the paper’s
perforation meets the printer’s tear-off edge.
top of form
The position on the paper that the printer recognizes as the first
printable line. The printer feeds the paper to this position when it
loads the paper.
unidirectional printing
Printing in one direction only. Unidirectional printing is useful for
printing graphics because it allows more precise vertical alignment
than bidirectional printing.
user-defined characters
Characters that are defined and stored in the printer by the user.
Also known as download characters.
GL-6
Glossary
Index
Command descriptions are not indexed here. For information on a
specific command, see Chapter 8.
A
Adjusting the loading position
3-13--15
Application program, iii, 1-15
Assembling the printer, 1-6--9
Auto line-feed, 3-7, 3-12
Automatic loading, see Loading
paper
ALT, control panel, 3-4
B
Baud rate, 4-18
Bidirectional printing, 3-7, 3-10,
7-2
BIN 1, control panel, 3-3
BIN 2, control panel, 3-3
Buffer, 3-4, 3-7, 3-11
clearing, 3-4
specifications, 7-2
BUFFER CLEAR, control panel,
3-4
Buttons, control panel, 3-2--5
C
Cable
parallel interface, 1-14
Cartridge, see Ribbon cartridge
Character
fonts, 3-19-21
pitch, 3-22
symbol sets, A-2--6
tables, 3-9, A-2-6
Cleaning the printer, 5-2
Commands, see Printer
commands
Configuring software, 1-15
Connecting,
printer to computer, 1-14
parallel interface, 1-14
power cord to printer, 1-10
serial interface, 4-16--17
optional interface card,
4-16--17
Continuous paper
loading, 2-8--24
top-of-form, 2-21, 3-13--15
Control panel, 3-2--5
Copy capacity, 7-6
Cut-sheet feeders, 4-2--12
double-bin, 4-9--12
high-capacity, 4-6--8
single-bin, 4-3--5
D
Data dump, 3-23
Default settings, 7-16
DIP switches, 3-6--12
functions, 3-9--12
setting, 3-6
Index
IN-1
tables, 3-7--8
Draft, high-speed, 3-11
E
Edge guides, 2-5
EJECT button, control panel, 3-3
Envelopes,
cut-sheet feeder, 4-6--8
loading, 2-28, 4-6--8
specifications, 7-4--6
Epson Consumer Information
Center, iv
Error handling, 4-18
ESC/P 2, Intro 1, 8-1--12
commands, 8-1--12
F
FF button, control panel, 3-3
FONT button, control panel,
3-4
Fonts, 3-19--21
available, 3-19--21
character pitch, 3-4, 3-22
control panel button, 3-4
resident, 3-19--21
samples, 3-20--21
scalable, 3-19--20
Form length
adjusting, iii
continuous paper, 3-7--8,
3-11
Form, top of, 3-13--15
Front push-tractor, 2-8--11
position, 2-8
G
Graphics character tables,
A-3--5
Graphics, print direction, 3-7,
3-10
H
Handshake timing, 7-13
Hexadecimal numbers,
see Data dump
High-speed draft, 3-11
Help, where to get, iv
I
Icons, paper path, 2-8, 4-13
Initialization, 7-16
Input buffer, 3-4, 3-7, 3-11, 7-2
Installing,
ribbon cartridge, 1-6--8
options, 4-1--18
Interface
connecting,
optional, 4-16--17
parallel, 1-14
sarial, 4-16--17
specifications, 7-10--13
International character sets, 3-9,
A-2--6
Italic character table, 3-8--9,
A-2
J
Jams, paper, 6-8--12
L
Labels, 2-26, 7-4-6
IN-2
Index
LF button, control panel, 3-3
Lines per page, iii
LOAD button, control panel,
3-3
Loading paper,
continuous paper, 2-7--24
cut-sheet feeder, 4-3--12
envelopes, 2-27
labels, 2-26
multi-part forms, 2-26
paper paths, 2-2--3
singles sheets, 2-4--7
Loading position, adjusting,
3-13-15
M
Maintenance, 5-1--3
Manually, feeding single sheets,
2-4-7
MICRO-FEED, control panel
3-4, 3-13-15
Micro-feed, 3-13--15
MULTI-PART light, 3-2
Multi-part forms, 2-26
0
Options,
cut-sheet feeders, 4-2--12
interface cards, 4-16--18
tractor unit, 4-13--15
P
Packing for transportation, 5-4
Paper,
continuous, 2-7--23
handling problems, 6-8--10
envelopes, 2-28
feed methods, 2-2--3
jam problems, 6-12
labels, 2-27
loading, 2-1--28
multi-part forms, 2-26
release lever, 2-2--3, 4-13
single sheets, iii, 2-4--7
specifications, 7-4--6
thickness lever, 2-24--26
Paper feed methods, 2-2--3
Paper guides, 1-9
Paper jams, 6-8--12
Paper paths,
icons for, 2-3, 2-8
choosing, 2-2--3, 2-8
PAPER OUT light, 3-2
Paper-release lever, 2-2--3, 4-13
Paper-thickness lever, 2-24--26
Parallel interface, 1-14
Parts, printer, Intro 4
PAUSE button, control panel,
3-3
Power cord, connecting, 1-10
POWER light, 3-2
Power supply, 6-3
Printable area, 7-4--5
Print direction, 3-7, 3-10, 7-2
Print head, 1-7, 7-7
Print test, running, 1-11--18
Printer commands, 8-1--12
Printer stand, guidelines, 1-5
Problems, see
Troubleshooting
Protective material
removing, 1-3
Index
IN-3
Pull tractor, 2-8, 2-10--11,
2-18--20
Installing, 2-11
loading paper, 2-18--20
optional, 4-13--15
removing, 2-11
Push tractor, 2-8--10, 2-12-17
installing,
front, 2-9--10
rear, 2-10--11
loading paper,
front, 2-12-14
rear, 2-15 -17
optional, 4-13--15
removing, 2-10, 2-11
R
Rear push-tractor, 2-8,
2-10--11,2-15--17
Ribbon cartridge
installing, 1-6,
replacing, 5-3
specifications, 7-7
S
Safety instructions, Intro 5
Scalable fonts, 3-19--20
Self test, running, 1-11--13
Serial interface,
connecting, 4-16--17
interface cards, 4-16--18
Single sheets, iii, 2-4--7
Skip-over-perforation, 3-7, 3-11
Software, configuring, 1-15
Special paper, 2-25--28
Specifications, 7-1--16
Symbol sets, 3-7--9, A-2--6
IN-4
Index
T
TEAR OFF
button, control panel, 3-4,
3-17
light, 3-2
Tear-off, 3-16--18
adjusting position, 3-18
using, 3-16--18
Technical specifications, 7-1--16
Telephone number, toll-free, iv
Testing,
computer to printer, 3-23
creating a test file, iii
data dump, 3-23
printer, 1-11--13
Top of form position, 3-13--15
Tractor unit,
loading, paper, 2-12--24
optional, 4-13--15
position, 2-8--11
Transporting the printer, 5-4
Troubleshooting, 6-1--12
directory of problems, 6-2
options, 6-11--12
paper handling, 6-8--10
power supply, 6-3
printing problems, 6-4--7
Typestyles, 3-19--21
available, 3-20--21
FONT button, control panel,
3-4, 3-19
pitch, 3-22
resident, 3-19--21
samples, 3-20--21
scalable, 3-19--20
U
Unidirectional printing, 3-7,
3-10, 7-2
Unpacking the printer, 1-2
V
Voltage, 1-2, 7-8
W
Warnings, cautions, and notes,
Intro 3
Weight, 7-7
Where to get help, iv
Index
IN-5
Epson America, Inc.
20770 Madrona Avenue
Torrance, CA 90503
Printed in Japan 92.01-50