865PE/G Neo2-P
MS-6728 (v2.X) ATX Mainboard
Version 2.0
G52-M6728XG
i
Manual Rev: 2.0
Release Date: September 2003
FCC-B Radio Frequency Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class
B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed
to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to
cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct
the interference at his own expense.
Notice 1
The changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Notice 2
Shielded interface cables and A.C. power cord, if any, must be used in order to
comply with the emission limits.
VOIR LA NOTICE D’INSTALLATION AVANT DE RACCORDER AU
RESEAU.
Micro-Star International MS-6728
Tested to comply
with FCC Standard
For Home or Office Use
ii
Copyright Notice
The material in this document is the intellectual property of MICRO-STAR
INTERNATIONAL. We take every care in the preparation of this document,
but no guarantee is given as to the correctness of its contents. Our products
are under continual improvement and we reserve the right to make changes
without notice.
Trademarks
All trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.
AMD, Athlon™, Athlon™ XP, Thoroughbred™, and Duron™ are registered
trademarks of AMD Corporation.
Intel® and Pentium® are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.
PS/2 and OS®/2 are registered trademarks of International Business Machines
Corporation.
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Windows® 98/
2000/NT/XP are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
NVIDIA, the NVIDIA logo, DualNet, and nForce are registered trademarks or
trademarks of NVIDIA Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Netware® is a registered trademark of Novell, Inc.
Award® is a registered trademark of Phoenix Technologies Ltd.
AMI® is a registered trademark of American Megatrends Inc.
Kensington and MicroSaver are registered trademarks of the Kensington Technology Group.
PCMCIA and CardBus are registered trademarks of the Personal Computer
Memory Card International Association.
Revision History
Revision
V2.0
Revision History
First release with chipsets
Intel® 865PE/G &
Intel® ICH5/ICH5R
iii
Date
September 2003
Safety Instructions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Always read the safety instructions carefully.
Keep this User’s Manual for future reference.
Keep this equipment away from humidity.
Lay this equipment on a reliable flat surface before setting it up.
The openings on the enclosure are for air convection hence protects the
equipment from overheating. Do not cover the openings.
Make sure the voltage of the power source and adjust properly 110/220V
before connecting the equipment to the power inlet.
Place the power cord such a way that people can not step on it. Do not
place anything over the power cord.
Always Unplug the Power Cord before inserting any add-on card or module.
All cautions and warnings on the equipment should be noted.
Never pour any liquid into the opening that could damage or cause electrical
shock.
If any of the following situations arises, get the equipment checked by a
service personnel:
z The power cord or plug is damaged.
z Liquid has penetrated into the equipment.
z The equipment has been exposed to moisture.
z The equipment has not work well or you can not get it work according
to User’s Manual.
z The equipment has dropped and damaged.
z The equipment has obvious sign of breakage.
Do not leave this equipment in an environment unconditioned, storage
temperature above 600 C (1400F), it may damage the equipment.
CAUTION: Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced.
Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the
manufacturer.
iv
CONTENTS
FCC-B Radio Frequency Interference Statement ........................................... ii
Copyright Notice .......................................................................................... iii
Revision History ........................................................................................... iii
Safety Instructions ....................................................................................... iv
Chapter 1. Getting Started ........................................................................ 1-1
Mainboard Specifications .................................................................... 1-2
Mainboard Layout ............................................................................... 1-4
MSI Special Features ........................................................................... 1-5
Super Pack (Optional) .................................................................... 1-5
CoreCenter .................................................................................... 1-6
CoreCell™ ..................................................................................... 1-8
Color Management ........................................................................ 1-9
D-Bracket™ 2 (Optional) ............................................................. 1-10
Live Monitor™ ............................................................................ 1-12
Live BIOS™/Live Driver™ .......................................................... 1-13
Round Cable (Optional) ............................................................... 1-14
CPU Thermal Protection .............................................................. 1-14
Chapter 2. Hardware Setup ....................................................................... 2-1
Quick Components Guide .................................................................... 2-2
Central Processing Unit: CPU .............................................................. 2-3
CPU Core Speed Derivation Procedure ......................................... 2-3
Memory Speed/CPU FSB Support Matrix ..................................... 2-3
CPU Installation Procedures for Socket 478 .................................. 2-5
Installing the CPU Fan .................................................................. 2-5
Memory ................................................................................................ 2-7
Introduction to DDR SDRAM ....................................................... 2-7
DDR Population Rules .................................................................. 2-7
Installing DDR Modules ............................................................... 2-8
Power Supply ....................................................................................... 2-9
ATX 20-Pin Power Connector: ATX1 ............................................ 2-9
v
ATX 12V Power Connector: JPW1 ................................................ 2-9
Back Panel .......................................................................................... 2-10
Mouse Connector ....................................................................... 2-11
Keyboard Connector ................................................................... 2-12
USB Connectors .......................................................................... 2-12
Serial Port Connectors: COM A .................................................. 2-13
VGA Connector (For 865G only) ................................................. 2-13
RJ-45 LAN Jack: 10/100 LAN (8100C) /
Giga-bit LAN (8110S) (Optional) ....................................... 2-14
Audio Port Connectors (Optional) .............................................. 2-15
Parallel Port Connector: LPT1 ...................................................... 2-16
Connectors ......................................................................................... 2-17
Floppy Disk Drive Connector: FDD1 ........................................... 2-17
Fan Power Connectors: CPUFAN1/SFAN1, SFAN2/NBFAN1 .... 2-17
Front Panel Connectors: JFP1 & JFP2 ......................................... 2-18
ATA100 Hard Disk Connectors: IDE1 & IDE2 ............................. 2-19
Serial ATA/Serial ATA RAID Connectors controlled
by ICH5/ICH5R: SATA1, SATA2 (Optional) .................... 2-20
Serial ATA /Serial ATA RAID Connectors controlled
by VIA VT6420: IDE3, SATA3 & SATA4 (Optional) ....... 2-20
IEEE 1394 Connectors: J1394_1, J1394_2 (Optional) ................... 2-22
D-Bracket™ 2 Connector: JDB1 .................................................. 2-23
IrDA Infrared Module Header: JIR1 ............................................ 2-24
Front Panel Audio Connector: JAUD1 ........................................ 2-24
CD-In Connector: JCD1 ............................................................... 2-25
Chassis Intrusion Switch Connector: JCI1 .................................. 2-25
Front USB Connectors: JUSB1 & JUSB2 ..................................... 2-25
Jumpers .............................................................................................. 2-26
Clear CMOS Jumper: JBAT1 ........................................................ 2-26
Slots ................................................................................................... 2-27
vi
PCI Interrupt Request Routing .................................................... 2-27
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) Slot ......................................... 2-27
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) Slots .......................... 2-27
Chapter 3. BIOS Setup .............................................................................. 3-1
Entering Setup ...................................................................................... 3-2
Selecting the First Boot Device ..................................................... 3-2
Control Keys .................................................................................. 3-3
Getting Help .................................................................................. 3-3
The Main Menu ................................................................................... 3-4
Standard CMOS Features .................................................................... 3-6
Advanced BIOS Features .................................................................... 3-8
Advanced Chipset Features ............................................................... 3-12
Power Management Features ............................................................ 3-15
PNP/PCI Configuration ...................................................................... 3-19
Integrated Peripherals ........................................................................ 3-22
PC Health Status ................................................................................ 3-27
Frequency/Voltage Control ................................................................ 3-28
Set Supervisor/User Password ........................................................... 3-32
Load High Performance/BIOS Setup Defaults .................................... 3-33
Appendix A: Using 2-, 4- & 6-Channel Audio Function ........................... A-1
Installing the Audio Driver ................................................................. A-2
Installation for Windows 98SE/ME/2000/XP ................................ A-2
Software Configuration ....................................................................... A-4
Sound Effect ................................................................................. A-4
Equalizer ....................................................................................... A-6
Speaker Configuration .................................................................. A-7
Speaker Test ................................................................................. A-9
HRTF Demo ................................................................................ A-11
General ....................................................................................... A-12
Using 2-, 4- & 6- Channel Audio Function ........................................ A-13
vii
For 865G Neo2-P and 865PE Neo2-P Option 1: ........................... A-13
For 865PE Neo2-P Option 2: ....................................................... A-16
Appendix B. Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction ........................ B-1
Introduction ........................................................................................ B-2
BIOS Configuration ............................................................................. B-5
Installing Software ............................................................................ B-13
RAID Migration Instructions ............................................................ B-19
AppendixC. VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction ........................ C-1
Introduction ........................................................................................ C-2
BIOS Configuration ............................................................................. C-4
Installing RAID Software & Drivers .................................................. C-15
Using VIA RAID Tool ....................................................................... C-18
AppendixD. Appendix D: The explanation for overspecification and
overclocking on Intel® 865PE chipset ................................................. D-1
viii
Getting Started
Chapter 1. Getting
Started
Getting Started
Thank you for choosing the 865PE/G Neo2-P (MS-6728)
v2.X ATX mainboard. The 865PE/G Neo2-P is based on Intel®
865PE / 865G & ICH5 / ICH5R chipsets for optimal system
efficiency. Designed to fit the advanced Intel® Pentium® 4
processors in 478 pin package, the 865PE/G Neo2-P delivers a
high performance and professional desktop platform solution.
1-1
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Mainboard Specifications
CPU
h Supports Intel® P4 Northwood/Prescott (Socket 478) processors.
h FSB 400 (for Northwood only), 533, 800MHz.
h Supports up to 3.2GHz or higher speed.
Chipset
h Intel® 865PE/G chipset
- Supports FSB 800/533/400MHz.
- Supports AGP 8X interface.
- Supports DDR 400/333/266 memory interface.
- Integrated graphics controller (for 865G only).
h Intel® ICH5/ICH5R chipset
- Hi-Speed USB (USB2.0) controller, 480Mb/sec, 8 ports.
- 2 Serial ATA/150 ports.
- 2 channel Ultra ATA 100 bus Master IDE controller.
- PCI Master v2.3, I/O APIC.
- Supports both ACPI and legacy APM power management.
- Serial ATA/150 RAID 0 and RAID 1 (Optional).
Main Memory
h Supports four unbuffered DIMM of 2.5 Volt DDR SDRAM.
h Supports up to 4GB memory size without ECC.
h Supports Dual channel DDR266/333/400/433/466/500/533 MHz and up.
(DDR433/466/500/533 are overclocking spec)
Slots
h One AGP slot supports 8x/4x at 0.8V (AGP 3.0) or 4x at 1.5V (3.3V is not
supported).
h Five 32-bit v2.3 Master PCI bus slots (support 3.3v/5v PCI bus interface).
On-Board IDE
h Dual Ultra DMA 66/100 IDE controllers integrated in ICH5/ICH5R.
- Supports PIO, Bus Master operation modes.
- Can connect up to four Ultra ATA drives.
h Serial ATA/150 controller integrated in ICH5/ICH5R.
- Up to 150MB/sec transfer speeds.
- Can connect up to two Serial ATA drives.
- Supports SATA RAID 0/RAID 1 (Optional).
1-2
Getting Started
VIA6420 On-Board (Optional)
h Supports Ultra ATA, Serial ATA, Serial ATA RAID 0 or 1.
h Connect up to 2 Serial ATA devices and 2 Ultra ATA 133 devices.
On-Board Peripherals
h On-Board Peripherals include:
- 1 floppy port supports 2 FDDs with 360K, 720K, 1.2M, 1.44M and
2.88Mbytes
- 1 serial port COM1, 1 VGA port (for 865G only) (Optional)
- 1 parallel port supports SPP/EPP/ECP mode
- 8 USB 2.0 ports (Rear * 4/ Front * 4)
- 1 Line-In / Line-Out / Mic-In / Real Speaker Out / Center-Subwoofer Speaker
Out / SPDIF Out-Optical audio port (Optional)
- 1 RJ45 LAN jack (Optional)
- 2 IEEE 1394 pinheaders (Optional)
Audio
h AC97 link controller integrated in Intel® 865PE/G chipset.
h 6-channel audio codec Realtek ALC655.
- Compliance with AC97 v2.3 Spec.
- Meet PC2001 audio performance requirement.
LAN (Optional)
h Realtek® 8100C / 8110S (Optional)
- Integrated Fast Ethernet MAC and PHY in one chip.
- Supports 10Mb/s, 100Mb/s and 1000Mb/s (1000Mb/s for 8100S only).
- Compliance with PCI 2.2.
- Supports ACPI Power Management.
BIOS
h The mainboard BIOS provides “Plug & Play” BIOS which detects the
peripheral devices and expansion cards of the board automatically.
h The mainboard provides a Desktop Management Interface (DMI) function
which records your mainboard specifications.
Dimension
h ATX Form Factor: 30.5 cm (L) x 24.5 cm (W).
Mounting
h 9 mounting holes.
1-3
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
DIMM 3
DIMM 4
CPUFAN1
DIMM 2
Top : mouse
Bottom: keyboard
DIMM 1
Mainboard Layout
JCI1
Winbond
W83627HF
Top : Parallel Port
FDD 1
ATX
Power Supply
Bottom:
COM A
VGA Port (Optional)
T: SPDIF Out
B: USB ports
JPW1
T: LAN jack
(Optional)
B: USB ports
IDE 2
NBFAN1
AGP Slot
IDE 1
Intel
865PE/G
T: Line-In
M: Line-Out
B: Mic
T:RS-Out
M:CS-Out
B:SPDIF Out
(All optional)
CoreCell
Realtek
8100C/8110S
(Optional)
PCI Slot 1
JDB1
ICH5/
ICH5R
PCI Slot 2
BATT
+
SATA2 SATA1
BIOS
PCI Slot 3
JCD1
PCI Slot 4
IDE 3
VIA
VT6307
Codec
SATA4
VIA
6420
JAUD1
JUSB1
J1394_1 J1394_2
JBAT1
865PE Neo2-P / 865G Neo2-P
(MS-6728) v2.X ATX Mainboard
1-4
SFAN2
JUSB2
SFAN1
PCI Slot 5
SATA3
JFP2 JFP1
JIR1
Getting Started
MSI Special Features
Super Pack (Optional)
MSI provides a useful CD which includes 6 powerful and popular utilities
for your office professional working and for your home leisure entertainment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
1
4
2
5
3
6
Adobe Photoshop Album: The fast and easy way to organize
and share your lifetime photos.
Media Dialer: A high quality voice service for PC users to make
international calls without the elevated cost of traditional IDD
providers.
FarStone Virtual Drive: A revolutionary software that emulates a
physical CD drive.
InterVideo WinDVD: The World's Most Popular Software DVD
Player.
InterVideoWinRip: A state-of-the-art software application that
provides you with a complete audio playback and environment.
FarStone RestoreIt!: Instantly recover from system crash, virus
attack, and accidental data deletion.
1-5
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
CoreCenter
CoreCenter (TM)- contains OC Menu panel, users can determine their
processor and memory type to optimize its memory capacity. This all-in-one
hardware console is advanced combination of the popular PC Alert and Fuzzy
Logic. Including powerful function with hardware monitor, system alert and
instinctive UI of overclocking, CoreCenter is just like your PC doctor that can
detect, view and adjust the PC hardware and system status during real time
operation.
In the left side it shows the current system status including the Vcore, 3.
3V, +5V and 12V. In the right side it shows the current PC hardware status such
as the CPU & system temperatures and all fans speeds.
When you click the red triangles in the left and right sides, two submenus will open for users to overclock, overspec or to adjust the thresholds of
system to send out the warning messages. If you click the Core Center button
in the top, a screen pops up for you to choose the “Auto mode” or “User
mode” of CPU fan.
1-6
Getting Started
Left-wing: Current system status
In the left sub-menu, you can configure the settings of FSB, Vcore,
Memory Voltage and AGP Voltage by clicking the radio button in front of each
item and make it available (the radio button will be lighted as yellow when
selected), use the “+” and “-” buttons to adjust, then click “OK” to apply the
changes. Then you can click Save to save the desired FSB you just configured.
Also you may click Auto to start testing the maximal CPU overclocking
value, The CPU FSB will automatically increase the testing value until the PC
reboots. Or you may click Default to restore the default values.
Right-wing: PC hardware status during real time operation
In the right sub-menu, you can configure the PC hardware status such as
CPU & system temperatures and fan speeds. You may use the scroll bars to
adjust each item, then click “OK” to apply the changes. The values you set for
the temperatures are the maximum thresholds for the system for warnings, and
the value for fan speeds are the minimum thresholds.
Top-side: User mode/Auto mode
Here you may adjust the CPU fan speed. If you choose User mode, you
may adjust the CPU fan speed in 8 different modes, from Stop to Full speed.
OC Menu
The exclusive OC Menu is fully developed to support DDR400+ memory
modules. By comprehensive validation
of over 67 DDR400+ memory modules,
MSI concluded best parameters for
DRAM voltage, Vio and other BIOS
settings. You can select DDR433,
DDR450, DDR466 and DDR500 from
DRAM frequency in BIOS setting. Or
you can just click on OC Menu button
to configure in the OC Menu at
CoreCenter. OC Menu will adjust the
necessary parameters of voltage and frequency simultaneously. The only limitation was the margin of processor from overclocking.
1-7
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Core CellTM Chip
By diagnosing the current system utilization, the
CoreCell™ Chip automatically tunes your motherboard to the
optimal state, leading to less noise, longer duration, more powersaving and higher performance.
Features of CoreCell™
Speedster
-- Advanced O.C. design.
-- Superior O.C. capability.
-- Greater O.C. method.
PowerPro
-- Saves up to 65% power.
-- Assures motherboard
stability.
-- Empowers O.C
Capability.
BuzzFree
-- Diagnoses current system
utilization & temperature.
-- Controls both CPU and
NorthBridge fans.
-- Cuts up to 50% of system noise.
LifePro
-- Prolongs motherboard, CPU and fan life.
-- Maintains motherboard & CPU in constant temperature.
-- Prevents components from operating beyond specifications.
1-8
Getting Started
Color Management
MSI has a unified color management rule for some connectors on the
mainboards, which helps you to install the memory modules, expansion cards
and other peripherals devices more easily and conveniently.
h Dual Memory DDR DIMMs: Channel A is light green, Channel B is
purple
h Intel spec IDE ATA66/100 connector: 1st IDE is blue, 2nd IDE is
white
h IDE ATA133 connector: yellow
h Serial ATA150 connector: orange
h AGP 8X slot: red
h 1394 connector: dark green
h USB 2.0 connector: yellow
h Front panel connector JFP1 : HDD LED is red, Reset Switch is blue,
Power Switch is black, Power LED is light green.
h Front panel connector JFP2: Power LED is light green.
Memory DDR DIMMs
Intel spec IDE ATA66/100 connectors:
1st IDE: blue/2nd IDE: white
AGP 8X Slot
Serial ATA150 connectors
BATT
+
BIOS
IDE ATA133 connector
Serial ATA150 connectors
Front Panel connector JFP1
Front Panel connector JFP2
USB 2.0 connector
1394 connectors
1-9
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
D-Bracket™ 2 (Optional)
D-Bracket™ 2 is a USB bracket integrating four Diagnostic LEDs, which
use graphic signal display to help users understand their system. The LEDs
provide up to 16 combinations of signals to debug the system. The 4 LEDs can
detect all problems that fail the system, such as VGA, RAM or other failures.
This special feature is very useful for overclocking users. These users can use
the feature to detect if there are any problems or failures. D-Bracket™ 2 supports
both USB 1.1 & 2.0 spec.
D-Bracket™ 2
1
3
2
4
Green
Red
D-Bracket™ 2
Description
System Power ON
1
3
2
4
- The D-LED will hang here if the processor is damaged or
not installed properly.
Early Chipset Initialization
Memory Detection Test
- Testing onboard memory size.
The D-LED will hang if the
memory module is damaged or not installed properly.
Decompressing BIOS image to RAM for fast booting.
Initializing Keyboard Controller.
Testing VGA BIOS
- This will start writing VGA sign-on message to the screen.
1-10
Getting Started
D-Bracket™ 2
Description
Processor Initialization
- This will show information regarding the processor (like
brand name, system bus, etc…)
Testing RTC (Real Time Clock)
Initializing Video Interface
- This will start detecting CPU clock, checking type of video
onboard.
Then, detect and initialize the video adapter.
BIOS Sign On
- This will start showing information about logo, processor
brand name, etc….
Testing Base and Extended Memory
- Testing base memory from 240K to 640K and extended
memory above 1MB using various patterns.
Assign Resources to all ISA.
Initializing Hard Drive Controller
- This will initialize IDE drive and controller.
Initializing Floppy Drive Controller
- This will initializing Floppy Drive and controller.
Boot Attempt
- This will set low stack and boot via INT 19h.
Operating System Booting
1-11
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Live Monitor™
The Live Monitor™ is a tool used to schedule the search
for the latest BIOS/drivers version on the MSI Web site. To use
the function, you need to install the “MSI Live Update 3”
application. After installation, the “MSI Live Monitor” icon (as
shown on the right) will appear on the screen. Double click this
icon to run the application.
Double click the “MSI Live Monitor” icon
at the lower-right corner
of the taskbar, and the following dialog box will appear. You can specify how
often the system will automatically search for the BIOS/drivers version, or
change the LAN settings right from the dialog box.
You can right-click the MSI Live Monitor icon
to perform the functions
listed below:
z Auto Search – Searches for the BIOS/drivers version you need immediately.
z View Last Result – Allows you to view the last search result if there is any.
z Preference – Configures the Search function, including the Search schedule.
z Exit – Exits the Live Monitor™ application.
z FAQ – Provides a link to a database which contains various possible questions
about MSI's products for users to inquire.
1-12
Getting Started
Live BIOS™/Live Driver™
The Live BIOS™/Live Driver™ is a tool used to detect
and update your BIOS/drivers online so that you don’t need to
search for the correct BIOS/driver version throughout the whole
Web site. To use the function, you need to install the “MSI
Live Update 3” application. After the installation, the “MSI
Live Update 3” icon (as shown on the right) will appear on the
screen.
Double click the “MSI Live Update 3” icon, and the following screen will
appear:
Five buttons are placed on the left column of the screen. Click the desired
button to start the update process.
Ø Live BIOS – Updates the BIOS online.
Ø Live Driver – Updates the drivers online.
Ø Live VGA BIOS – Updates the VGA BIOS online.
Ø Live VGA Driver – Updates the VGA driver online.
Ø Live OSD – Updates the firmware of the OSD products online.
Ø Live Utility – Updates the utilities online.
If the product you purchased does not support any of the functions listed
above, a “sorry” message is displayed. For more information on the update
instructions, insert the companion CD and refer to the “Live Update Guide”
under the “Manual” Tab.
1-13
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Round Cable (Optional)
Round cable is an enhanced cable for PCI IDE and Ultra DMA controller.
It has the following benefits:
h Data transfer rate started by 133MB/s
h Backward compatibility (ATA33/66/100/133)
h Higher performance than traditional Flat cable (data rate)
h Improved data robustness
h Better airflow due to thinner ATA/133 cable
Connect to the system
connectors on the mainboard.
Connect to the master drive.
Connect one end to the
floppy disk drive
connector (FDD1) and
the other end to the
standard floppy disk.
Connect to the slave drive.
CPU Thermal Protection
Aimed to prevent the CPU from overheating, MSI has developed a CPU
Thermal Protection mechanism for Intel® CPU platform. This CPU Thermal
Protection mechanism works on a thermal signal sensor. If the mechanism
senses an abnormal temperature rise, it will automatically shut down the system
and the CPU temperature will then drop down and become normal. With this
unique feature, users can better protect their CPU. Please note that this feature
is for Intel® Pentium CPU only.
1-14
Hardware Setup
Chapter 2. Hardware
Setup
Hardware Setup
This chapter tells you how to install the CPU, memory
modules, and expansion cards, as well as how to setup the
jumpers on the mainboard. Also, it provides the instructions on
connecting the peripheral devices, such as the mouse, keyboard,
etc.
While doing the installation, be careful in holding the
components and follow the installation procedures.
2-1
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Quick Components Guide
CPUFAN1, p.2-17
CPU, p.2-3
DDR DIMMs, p.2-7
JCI1, p.2-25
ATX1, p.2-9
Back Panel
I/O, p.2-10
FDD1, p.2-17
JPW1, p.2-9
NBFAN1, p.2-17
IDE1, IDE2, p.2-19
AGP Slot, p.2-27
JDB1, p.2-23
JCD1, p.2-25
BATT
+
BIOS
PCI Slots, p.2-27
SATA1, SATA2,
p.2-20
IDE3, p.2-20
SATA3, SATA4,
p.2-20
JIR1, p.2-24
JAUD1, p.2-24
JFP1, p.2-18
JFP2, p.2-18
JBAT1, p.2-26
JUSB1, JUSB2,
p.2-25
J1394_1, J1394_2,
p.2-22
2-2
SFAN2, p.2-17
SFAN1, p.2-17
Hardware Setup
Central Processing Unit: CPU
The mainboard supports Intel® Pentium® 4 Northwood/Prescott processor in the 478 pin package. The mainboard uses a CPU socket called PGA478
for easy CPU installation. When you are installing the CPU, make sure the
CPU has a heat sink and a cooling fan attached on the top to prevent overheating.
If you do not find the heat sink and cooling fan, contact your dealer to purchase and install them before turning on the computer.
CPU Core Speed Derivation Procedure
If
CPU Clock
Core/Bus ratio
then CPU core speed
=
=
=
=
=
100MHz
16
Host Clock x Core/Bus ratio
100MHz x 16
1.6 GHz
Memory Speed/CPU FSB Support Matrix
Memory DDR266 DDR333 DDR400 DDR433 DDR466 DDR500 DDR533
FSB
FSB400
OK
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
FSB533
OK
OK
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
FSB800
OK
OK
OK
OK *
OK *
OK *
OK*
*: Overclocking spec. Please refer to Appendix D: The explanation for
overspecification and overclocking on Intel® 865PE chipset for the list
of qualified test memory modules.
MSI Reminds You...
Overclocking
This motherboard is designed to support overclocking.
However, please make sure your components are able to
tolerate such abnormal setting, while doing overclocking.
Any attempt to operate beyond product specifications is not
recommended. We do not guarantee the damages or risks
caused by inadequate operation or beyond product
specifications.
2-3
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
CPU Installation Procedures for Socket 478
1. Please turn off the power and
unplug the power cord before
installing the CPU.
2. Pull the lever sideways away
from the socket. Make sure
to raise the lever up to a 90degree angle.
3. Look for the gold arrow. The
gold arrow should point towards the lever pivot. The
CPU can only fit in the correct
orientation.
4. If the CPU is correctly
installed, the pins should be
completely embedded into the
socket and can not be seen.
Please note that any violation
of the correct installation procedures may cause permanent
damages to your mainboard.
5. Press the CPU down firmly into
the socket and close the lever.
As the CPU is likely to move
while the lever is being closed,
always close the lever with
your fingers pressing tightly
on top of the CPU to make sure
the CPU is properly and completely embedded into the
socket.
2-4
Open Lever
Sliding
Plate
90 degree
Gold arrow
Correct CPU placement
Gold arrow
Gold arrow
Press down
the CPU
O
Incorrect CPU placement
X
Close
Lever
Hardware Setup
Installing the CPU Fan
As processor technology pushes to faster speeds and higher
performance, thermal management becomes increasingly important. To dissipate heat, you need to attach the CPU cooling fan and heatsink on top of the
CPU. Follow the instructions below to install the Heatsink/Fan:
1. Locate the CPU and its retention
mechanism on the motherboard.
2. Position the heatsink onto the retention mechanism.
retention mechanism
3. Mount the fan on top of the heatsink.
4. Press the two levers down to fasten
Press down the fan until its four clips
get wedged in the holes of the retention mechanism.
the fan. Each lever can be pressed
down in only ONE direction.
levers
2-5
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
5. Connect the fan power cable from the mounted fan to the 3-pin fan power connector on the board.
fan power cable
NOTES
2-6
Hardware Setup
Memory
The mainboard provides 4 slots for 184-pin, 2.5V DDR DIMM with 8
memory banks. You can install DDR266 / DDR333 / DDR400 / DDR433 / DDR466
/ DDR500 / DDR533 SDRAM modules on the DDR DIMM slots (DIMM 1~4).
To operate properly, at least one DIMM module must be installed. Please note
that DDR433 / DDR466 / DDR500 / DDR533 are for overclocking spec.
DDR DIMM Slots
(DDR 1~4, from left to right)
Channel A: DIMM1 & DIMM2 (green)
Channel B: DIMM3 & DIMM4 (purple)
Introduction to DDR SDRAM
DDR (Double Data Rate) SDRAM is similar to conventional SDRAM,
but doubles the rate by transferring data twice per cycle. It uses 2.5 volts as
opposed to 3.3 volts used in SDR SDRAM, and requires 184-pin DIMM modules
rather than 168-pin DIMM modules used by SDR SDRAM. Please note that
the DDR SDRAM does not support ECC (error correcting code) and registered
DIMM.
DDR Population Rules
Install at least one DIMM module on the slots. Each DIMM slot supports
up to a maximum size of 1GB. Users can install either single- or double-sided
modules to meet their own needs. Please note that each DIMM can work
respectively for single-channel DDR, but there are some rules while using
dual-channel DDR (Please refer to the suggested DDR population table on p.
2-8).Users may install memory modules of different type and density on different2-7
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
channel DDR DIMMs. However, the same type and density memory modules
are necessary while using dual-channel DDR, or unstability may happen.
Please refer to the following table for detailed dual-channel DDR. Other
combination not listed below will function as single-channel DDR.
DIMM1 (Ch A) DIMM2 (Ch A) DIMM3 (Ch B)
128MB~1GB
128MB~1GB
128MB~1GB
128MB~1GB
128MB~1GB
128MB~1GB
DIMM4 (Ch B)
128MB~1GB
128MB~1GB
System Density
256MB~2GB
256MB~2GB
512MB~4GB
Installing DDR Modules
1. The DDR DIMM has only one notch on the center of module. The module
will only fit in the right orientation.
2. Insert the DIMM memory module vertically into the DIMM slot. Then
push it in until the golden finger on the memory module is deeply inserted
in the socket.
MSI Reminds You...
You can barely see the golden finger if the module is properly
inserted in the socket.
3. The plastic clip at each side of the DIMM slot will automatically close.
Volt
2-8
Notch
Hardware Setup
Power Supply
The mainboard supports ATX power supply for the power system. Before
inserting the power supply connector, always make sure that all components
are installed properly to ensure that no damage will be caused.
ATX 20-Pin Power Connector: ATX1
This connector allows you to connect to an ATX power supply. To
connect to the ATX power supply, make sure the plug of the power supply is
inserted in the proper orientation and the pins are aligned. Then push down
the power supply firmly into the connector.
ATX1 Pin Definition
11
1
20
10
ATX1
PIN
SIGNAL
PIN
SIGNAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
3.3V
3.3V
GND
5V
GND
5V
GND
PW_OK
5V_SB
10
12V
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
3.3V
-12V
GND
PS_ON
GND
GND
GND
-5V
5V
5V
ATX 12V Power Connector: JPW1
This 12V power connector is used to provide power to the CPU.
JPW1 Pin Definition
1
3
PIN
SIGNAL
2
4
1
2
3
4
GND
GND
12V
12V
JPW1
2-9
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Back Panel
The back panel provides the following connectors:
865G Neo2-P
LAN
SPDIF Out (Optional)
Parallel
Mouse
Keyboard
COMA
VGA Port
L-in
USB Ports USB Ports L-out
MIC
865PE Neo2-P: Option 1
Parallel
Mouse
Keyboard
2-10
COMA
L-in
LAN
SPDIF Out (Optional)
USB Ports USB Ports
L-out
MIC
Hardware Setup
865PE Neo2-P: Option 2
Parallel
Mouse
Keyboard
SPDIF Out
COMA
LAN
L-in
(Optional)
USB Ports USB Ports
RS-Out
FS-Out CS-Out
MIC
SPDIF Out
Mouse Connector
The mainboard provides a standard PS/2® mouse mini DIN connector for
attaching a PS/2 ® mouse. You can plug a PS/2® mouse directly into this
connector. The connector location and pin assignments are as follows:
6
5
3
4
2
1
PS/2 Mouse (6-pin Female)
Pin Definition
PIN
SIGNAL
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
Mouse DATA
NC
GND
VCC
Mouse Clock
NC
Mouse DATA
No connection
Ground
+5V
Mouse clock
No connection
2-11
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Keyboard Connector
The mainboard provides a standard PS/2® keyboard mini DIN connector
for attaching a PS/2® keyboard. You can plug a PS/2® keyboard directly into
this connector.
6
5
3
4
2
1
PS/2 Keyboard (6-pin Female)
Pin Definition
PIN
SIGNAL
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
Keyboard DATA
NC
GND
VCC
Keyboard Clock
NC
Keyboard DATA
No connection
Ground
+5V
Keyboard clock
No connection
USB Connectors
The mainboard provides a UHCI (Universal Host Controller Interface)
Universal Serial Bus root for attaching USB devices such as keyboard, mouse
or other USB-compatible devices. You can plug the USB device directly into
the connector.
1 2 3 4
USB Ports
5 6 7 8
USB Port Description
2-12
PIN
SIGNAL
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
VCC
-Data 0
+Data0
GND
VCC
-Data 1
+Data 1
GND
+5V
Negative Data Channel 0
Positive Data Channel 0
Ground
+5V
Negative Data Channel 1
Positive Data Channel 1
Ground
Hardware Setup
Serial Port Connectors: COM A
The mainboard offers one 9-pin male DIN connectors as serial port COM
A. The port is a 16550A high speed communication port that sends/receives16
bytes FIFOs. You can attach a serial mouse or other serial devices directly to
the connectors.
Pin Definition
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9
9-Pin Male DIN Connector
PIN
SIGNAL
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
DCD
SIN
SOUT
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
RI
Data Carry Detect
Serial In or Receive Data
Serial Out or Transmit Data
Data Terminal Ready)
Ground
Data Set Ready
Request To Send
Clear To Send
Ring Indicate
VGA Connector (For 865G only)
The mainboard provides a DB 15-pin female connector to connect a VGA
monitor.
1
5
15
11
VGA Connector
(DB 15-pin)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Signal Description
RED
GREEN
BLUE
N/C
GND
GND
GND
GND
+5V
GND
N/C
SDA
Horizontal Sync
Vertical Sync
SCL
2-13
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
RJ-45 LAN Jack: 10/100 LAN (8100C) /Giga-bit LAN (8110S)
(Optional)
The mainboard provides two standard RJ-45 jacks for connection to
Local Area Network (LAN). Giga-bit LAN enables data to be transferred at
1000, 100 or 10Mbps. You can connect a network cable to either LAN jack.
Activity Indicator
Link Indicator
8
1
RJ-45 LAN Jack
The pin assignments vary depending on the transfer rates: 10/100Mbps
or 1000Mbps. Note that Pin 1/2, 3/6, 4/5, 7/8 must work in pairs. Please refer
to the following for details:
10/100 LAN Pin Definition
Giga-bit LAN Pin Definition
SIGNAL
DESCRIPTION
SIGNAL
DESCRIPTION
1
TDP
Transmit Differential Pair
1
D0P
Differential Pair 0+
2
TDN
Transmit Differential Pair
2
D0N
Differential Pair 0-
3
RDP
Receive Differential Pair
3
D1P
Differential Pair 1+
4
NC
Not Used
4
D2P
Differential Pair 2+
5
NC
Not Used
5
D2N
Differential Pair 2-
6
RDN
Receive Differential Pair
6
D1N
Differential Pair 1-
7
NC
Not Used
7
D3P
Differential Pair 3+
8
NC
Not Used
8
D3N
Differential Pair 3-
PIN
2-14
PIN
Hardware Setup
Audio Port Connectors (Optional)
Depending on the mainboards you purchase, there are two options for
the audio ports: three-port audio connectors for 865G Neo2-P / 865PE Neo2P Option 1 and six-port plus SPDIF-Out for 865PE Neo2-P Option2.
Line Out is a connector for Speakers or Headphones. Line In is used
for external CD player, Tape player, or other audio devices. Mic is a connector
for microphones. SPDIF-out is a jack for coaxial fiber connection for digital
audio transmission.
For 865G Neo2-P / 865PE Neo2-P Option 1
Line In
Line Out
S/PDIF Out-Coaxial
MIC
For 865PE Neo2-P Option 2, there are six ports plus the SPDIF-Out for
6-channel and S/PDIF function. For more information on 6-channel audio
operation, please refer to Appendix A: Using 2-, 4- & 6-Channel Audio
Function.
For 865PE Neo2-P Option 2
Line In
Rear Speaker Out
Line Out
Center/Subwoofer
Speaker Out
S/PDIF Out-Coaxial
MIC
S/PDIF Out-Optical
2-15
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Parallel Port Connector: LPT1
The mainboard provides a 25-pin female centronic connector as LPT. A
parallel port is a standard printer port that supports Enhanced Parallel Port
(EPP) and Extended Capabilities Parallel Port (ECP) mode.
13
1
14
25
Pin Definition
2-16
PIN
SIGNAL
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
STROBE
DATA0
DATA1
DATA2
DATA3
DATA4
DATA5
DATA6
DATA7
ACK#
BUSY
PE
SELECT
AUTO FEED#
ERR#
INIT#
SLIN#
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
Strobe
Data0
Data1
Data2
Data3
Data4
Data5
Data6
Data7
Acknowledge
Busy
Paper End
Select
Automatic Feed
Error
Initialize Printer
Select In
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Hardware Setup
Connectors
The mainboard provides connectors to connect to FDD, IDE HDD, case,
LAN, USB Ports, IR module and CPU/System/Power Supply FAN.
Floppy Disk Drive Connector: FDD1
The mainboard provides a standard floppy disk drive connector that
supports 360K, 720K, 1.2M, 1.44M and 2.88M floppy disk types.
FDD1
Fan Power Connectors: CPUFAN1/SFAN1, SFAN2/NBFAN1
The CPUFAN1 (processor fan), SFAN1/SFAN2 (system fan) and NBFAN1
(NorthBridge Chipset fan) support system cooling fan with +12V. It supports
three-pin head connector. When connecting the wire to the connectors, always take note that the red wire is the positive and should be connected to the
+12V, the black wire is Ground and should be connected to GND. If the
mainboard has a System Hardware Monitor chipset on-board, you must use a
specially designed fan with speed sensor to take advantage of the CPU fan
control.
GND
+12V
SENSOR
CPUFAN1
GND
+12V
NC
SFAN1, SFAN2
GND
+12V
Sensor
NBFAN1
MSI Reminds You...
1. Always consult the vendors for proper CPU cooling fan.
2. CPUFAN1 supports the fan control. You can install Core
Center utility that will automatically control the CPU fan speed
according to the actual CPU temperature.
2-17
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Front Panel Connectors: JFP1 & JFP2
The mainboard provides two front panel connectors for electrical connection to the front panel switches and LEDs. JFP1 is compliant with Intel®
Front Panel I/O Connectivity Design Guide.
Reset
Switch
9
10
HDD
LED
1
2
Power
Switch
Power
LED
7
8
JFP1
Power
LED
1
2
JFP2
Speaker
JFP1 Pin Definition
PIN
SIGNAL
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
HD_LED_P
FP PWR/SLP
HD_LED_N
FP PWR/SLP
RST_SW_N
PWR_SW_P
RST_SW_P
PWR_SW_N
RSVD_DNU
Hard disk LED pull-up
MSG LED pull-up
Hard disk active LED
MSG LED pull-up
Reset Switch low reference pull-down to GND
Power Switch high reference pull-up
Reset Switch high reference pull-up
Power Switch low reference pull-down to GND
Reserved. Do not use.
JFP2 Pin Definition
2-18
PIN
SIGNAL
PIN
SIGNAL
1
GND
2
SPK-
3
5
7
SLED
PLED
NC
4
6
8
BUZ+
BUZSPK+
Hardware Setup
ATA100 Hard Disk Connectors: IDE1 & IDE2
The mainboard has a 32-bit Enhanced PCI IDE and Ultra DMA 66/100
controller that provides PIO mode 0~4, Bus Master, and Ultra DMA 66/100
function. You can connect up to four hard disk drives, CD-ROM and other IDE
devices.
The Ultra ATA100 interface boosts data transfer rates between the
computer and the hard drive up to 100 megabytes (MB) per second. The new
interface is one-third faster than earlier record-breaking Ultra ATA/100
technology and is backwards compatible with the existing Ultra ATA interface.
IDE2
IDE1
IDE1 (Primary IDE Connector)
The first hard drive should always be connected to IDE1. IDE1 can connect a
Master and a Slave drive. You must configure second hard drive to Slave mode
by setting the jumper accordingly.
IDE2 (Secondary IDE Connector)
IDE2 can also connect a Master and a Slave drive.
MSI Reminds You...
If you install two hard disks on cable, you must configure the
second drive to Slave mode by setting its jumper. Refer to the
hard disk documentation supplied by hard disk vendors for
jumper setting instructions.
2-19
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Serial ATA/Serial ATA RAID Connectors controlled by ICH5/
ICH5R: SATA1, SATA2 (Optional)
The Southbridge of this mainboard is ICH5/ICH5R which supports two
serial connectors SATA1& SATA2.
SATA1 & SATA2 are dual high-speed Serial ATA interface ports. Each
supports 1st generation serial ATA data rates of 150 MB/s. Both connectors are
fully compliant with Serial ATA 1.0 specifications. Each Serial ATA connector
can connect to 1 hard disk device. Please refer to the Appendix B: Intel ICH5R
Serial ATA Raid Introduction for detail software installation procedure.
SATA2
SATA1
1
7
Serial ATA /Serial ATA RAID Connectors controlled by VIA
VT6420: IDE3, SATA3 & SATA4 (Optional)
The brand new VIA VT6420 chipset supports one IDE connector IDE3
and two serial connectors SATA3 & SATA4.
IDE3 is a 32-bit Enhanced PCI IDE and Ultra DMA 66/100/133 controller
that provides PIO mode 0~6, Bus Master, and Ultra DMA 66/100/133 function.
You can connect up to 2 hard disk drives---one IDE master and one IDE slave.
STAT3 & SATA4 are dual high-speed Serial ATA interface ports. Each
supports 1st generation serial ATA data rates of 150 MB/s. Both connectors are
fully compliant with Serial ATA 1.0 specifications. Each Serial ATA connector
can connect to 1 hard disk device. Please refer to Appendix C: VIA VT6420
Serial ATA Raid Introduction for detail software installation procedure.
SATA4
SATA3
IDE3
7
2-20
1
Hardware Setup
SATA1~ SATA4 Pin Definition
PIN
SIGNAL
PIN
SIGNAL
1
GND
2
TXP
3
5
7
TXN
RXN
GND
4
6
GND
RXP
Optional Serial ATA cable
Take out the dust cover and
connect to the hard disk
devices
Connect to serial ATA ports
MSI Reminds You...
Please do not fold the serial ATA cable in a 90-degree angle, for
this might cause the loss of data during the transmission.
2-21
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
IEEE 1394 Connectors: J1394_1, J1394_2 (Optional)
The mainboard provides two 1394 pin headers that allow you to connect optional IEEE 1394 ports.
9
10
1
2
J1394_1, J1394_2
J1394 Pin Definition
PIN
SIGNAL
1
TPA+
PIN
2
TPA-
SIGNAL
3
Ground
4
Ground
5
TPB+
6
7
Cable power
8
Cable power
9
Key (no pin)
10
Ground
TPB-
How to attach the IEEE 1394 Port:
1394 Port
Foolproof
Design
IEEE1394 Bracket (Optional)
2-22
Hardware Setup
D-Bracket™ 2 Connector: JDB1
The mainboard comes with a JDB1 connector for you to connect to DBracket™ 2. D-Bracket™ 2 is a USB Bracket that supports both USB1.1 & 2.0
spec. It integrates four LEDs and allows users to identify system problem
through 16 various combinations of LED signals. For definitions of 16 signal
combinations, please refer to D-Bracket™ 2 at P.1-10 in Chapter 1.
JDB1 Pin Definition
Pin
10
9
2
1
JDB1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Signal
DBG1 (high for green color)
DBR1 (high for red color)
DBG2 (high for green color)
DBR2 (high for red color)
DBG3 (high for green color)
DBR3 (high for red color)
DBG4 (high for green color)
DBR4 (high for red color)
Key (no pin)
NC
Connected to JDB1
Connected to JUSB1
LEDs
2-23
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
IrDA Infrared Module Header: JIR1
The connector allows you to connect to IrDA Infrared module. You must
configure the setting through the BIOS setup to use the IR function. JIR1 is
compliant with Intel® Front Panel I/O Connectivity Design Guide.
JIR1 Pin Definition
JIR1
1
2
5
6
Pin
Signal
1
2
3
4
5
6
NC
NC
VCC5
GND
IRTX
IRRX
Front Panel Audio Connector: JAUD1
The JAUD1 front panel audio connector allows you to connect to the
front panel audio and is compliant with Intel® Front Panel I/O Connectivity
Design Guide.
9
1
10
2
JAUD1
JAUD1 Pin Definition
PIN
SIGNAL
DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
AUD_MIC
AUD_GND
AUD_MIC_BIAS
AUD_VCC
AUD_FPOUT_R
AUD_RET_R
HP_ON
KEY
AUD_FPOUT_L
AUD_RET_L
Front panel microphone input signal
Ground used by analog audio circuits
Microphone power
Filtered +5V used by analog audio circuits
Right channel audio signal to front panel
Right channel audio signal return from front panel
Reserved for future use to control headphone amplifier
No pin
Left channel audio signal to front panel
Left channel audio signal return from front panel
MSI Reminds You...
If you don’t want to connect to the front audio header,
pins 5 & 6, 9 & 10 have to be jumpered in order to
have signal output directed to the rear audio ports.
Otherwise, the Line-Out connector on the back panel
will not function.
2-24
9
5
10
6
Hardware Setup
CD-In Connector: JCD1
The connector is for CD-ROM audio connector.
JCD1
R GND L
Chassis Intrusion Switch Connector: JCI1
This connector is connected to a 2-pin chassis switch. If the chassis is
opened, the switch will be short. The system will record this status and show
a warning message on the screen. To clear the warning, you must enter the
BIOS utility and clear the record.
2
1
GND
CINTRU
JCI1
Front USB Connectors: JUSB1 & JUSB2
The mainboard provides two USB 2.0 pin headers JUSB1 & JUSB2
(Optional) that are compliant with Intel® I/O Connectivity Design Guide. USB
2.0 technology increases data transfer rate up to a maximum throughput of
480Mbps, which is 40 times faster than USB 1.1, and is ideal for connecting
high-speed USB interface peripherals such as USB HDD, digital cameras,
MP3 players, printers, modems and the like.
JUSB1 & JUSB2 Pin Definition
2
1
10
9
JUSB2, JUSB1
(USB 2.0/Intel spec)
PIN
SIGNAL
PIN
SIGNAL
1
VCC
2
VCC
3
USB0-
4
USB1-
5
USB0+
6
USB1+
7
GND
8
GND
9
Key (no pin)
10
USBOC
2-25
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Jumpers
The motherboard provides the following jumpers for you to set the
computer’s function. This section will explain how to change your motherboard’s
function through the use of jumpers.
Clear CMOS Jumper: JBAT1
There is a CMOS RAM on board that has a power supply from external
battery to keep the data of system configuration. With the CMOS RAM, the
system can automatically boot OS every time it is turned on. If you want to
clear the system configuration, use the JBAT1 (Clear CMOS Jumper ) to clear
data. Follow the instructions below to clear the data:
1
JBAT1
1
1
3
3
Keep Data
Clear Data
MSI Reminds You...
You can clear CMOS by shorting 2-3 pin while the system is off.
Then return to 1-2 pin position. Avoid clearing the CMOS while
the system is on; it will damage the mainboard.
2-26
Hardware Setup
Slots
The motherboard provides one AGP slot and five 32-bit PCI bus slots.
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) Slot
The AGP slot allows you to insert the AGP graphics card. AGP is an
interface specification designed for the throughput demands of 3D graphics.
It introduces a 66MHz, 32-bit channel for the graphics controller to directly
access main memory. The slot supports 8x/4x AGP card.
AGP Slot
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) Slots
The PCI slots allow you to insert the expansion cards to meet your needs.
When adding or removing expansion cards, make sure that you unplug the
power supply first. Meanwhile, read the documentation for the expansion card
to make any necessary hardware or software settings for the expansion card,
such as jumpers, switches or BIOS configuration.
PCI Slots
PCI Interrupt Request Routing
The IRQ, acronym of interrupt request line and pronounced I-R-Q, are
hardware lines over which devices can send interrupt signals to the
microprocessor. The PCI IRQ pins are typically connected to the PCI bus INT
A# ~ INT D# pins as follows:
Order 1
Order 2
Order 3
Order 4
PCI Slot 1
INT A#
INT B#
INT C#
INT D#
PCI Slot 2
INT B#
INT C#
INT D#
INT A#
PCI Slot 3
INT C#
INT D#
INT A#
INT B#
PCI Slot 4
INT D#
INT A#
INT B#
INT C#
PCI Slot 5
INT B#
INT C#
INT D#
INT A#
2-27
BIOS Setup
Chapter 3. BIOS Setup
BIOS Setup
This chapter provides information on the BIOS Setup
program and allows you to configure the system for optimum
use.
You may need to run the Setup program when:
” An error message appears on the screen during the system
booting up, and you are requested to run SETUP.
” You want to change the default settings for customized
features.
3-1
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Entering Setup
Power on the computer and the system will start POST (Power On Self
Test) process. When the message below appears on the screen, press <DEL>
key to enter Setup.
DEL:Setup
F11:Boot Menu
F12:Network boot
TAB:Logo
If the message disappears before you respond and you still wish to enter
Setup, restart the system by turning it OFF and On or pressing the RESET
button. You may also restart the system by simultaneously pressing <Ctrl>,
<Alt>, and <Delete> keys.
Selecting the First Boot Device
You are allowed to select the 1st boot device without entering the BIOS
setup utility by pressing <F11>. When the same message as listed above
appears on the screen, press <F11> to trigger the boot menu.
The POST messages might pass by too quickly for you to respond in
time. If so, restart the system and press <F11> after around 2 or 3 seconds to
activate the boot menu similar to the following.
Select First Boot Device
Floppy
IDE-0
CDROM
: 1st Floppy
: IBM-DTLA-307038
: ATAPI CD-ROM DRIVE 40X M
[Up/Dn] Select
[RETURN] Boot
[ESC] cancel
The boot menu will list all the bootable devices. Select the one you want
to boot from by using arrow keys, then press <Enter>. The system will boot
from the selected device. The selection will not make changes to the settings
in the BIOS setup utility, so next time when you power on the system, it will still
use the original first boot device to boot up.
3-2
BIOS Setup
Control Keys
<↑>
<↓>
<←>
<→>
<Enter>
<Esc>
<+/PU>
<-/PD>
<F7>
<F9>
<F10>
Move to the previous item
Move to the next item
Move to the item in the left hand
Move to the item in the right hand
Select the item
Jumps to the Exit menu or returns to the main menu from a
submenu
Increase the numeric value or make changes
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
Load BIOS Setup Defaults
Load High Performance Defaults
Save all the CMOS changes and exit
Getting Help
After entering the Setup utility, the first screen you see is the Main
Menu.
Main Menu
The main menu displays the setup categories the BIOS supplies. You
can use the arrow keys ( ↑↓ ) to select the item. The on-line description for
the selected setup category is displayed at the bottom of the screen.
Default Settings
The BIOS setup program contains two kinds of default settings: the
BIOS Setup and High Performance defaults. BIOS Setup defaults provide
stable performance settings for all devices and the system, while High
Performance defaults provide the best system performance but may affect the
system stability.
3-3
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
The Main Menu
Once you enter AMIBIOS NEW SETUP UTILITY, the Main Menu
will appear on the screen. The Main Menu displays twelve configurable functions and two exit choices. Use arrow keys to move among the items and
press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu.
Standard CMOS Features
Use this menu for basic system configurations, such as time, date etc.
Advanced BIOS Features
Use this menu to setup the items of AMI® special enhanced features.
Advanced Chipset Features
Use this menu to change the values in the chipset registers and optimize your
system’s performance.
Power Management Features
Use this menu to specify your settings for power management.
PNP/PCI Configurations
This entry appears if your system supports PnP/PCI.
3-4
BIOS Setup
Integrated Peripherals
Use this menu to specify your settings for integrated peripherals.
PC Health Status
This entry shows your PC health status.
Frequency/Voltage Control
Use this menu to specify your settings for frequency/voltage control.
Set Supervisor Password
Use this menu to set Supervisor Password.
Set User Password
Use this menu to set User Password.
Load High Performance Defaults
Use this menu to load the BIOS values for the best system performance, but
the system stability may be affected.
Load BIOS Setup Defaults
Use this menu to load factory default settings into the BIOS for stable system
performance operations.
Save & Exit Setup
Save changes to CMOS and exit setup.
Exit Without Saving
Abandon all changes and exit setup.
3-5
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Standard CMOS Features
The items inside STANDARD CMOS SETUP menu are divided into 9
categories. Each category includes none, one or more setup items. Use the
arrow keys to highlight the item you want to modify and use the <PgUp> or
<PgDn> keys to switch to the value you prefer.
System Time
This allows you to set the system time that you want (usually the current
time). The time format is <hour> <minute> <second>.
System Date
This allows you to set the system to the date that you want (usually the current
date). The format is <month> <date> <year> <day>.
month
The month from Jan. through Dec.
date
The date from 1 to 31 can be keyed by numeric
function keys.
year
The year can be adjusted by users.
day
Day of the week, from Sun to Sat, determined by
BIOS. Read-only.
3-6
BIOS Setup
Primary/Secondary/Third/Fourth IDE Master/Slave
Press PgUp/<+> or PgDn/<-> to select the hard disk drive type. The specification
of hard disk drive will show up on the right hand according to your selection.
Type
Select how to define the HDD parameters
Cylinders
Enter cylinder number
Heads
Enter head number
Write Precompensation
Enter write precomp cylinder
Sectors
Enter sector number
Maximum Capacity
Read the maximal HDD capacity
LBA Mode
Select Auto for a hard disk > 512 MB under Windows and DOS, or Disabled under Netware and UNIX
Block Mode
Select Auto to enhance the hard disk
performance
Fast Programmed I/O
Select Auto to enhance hard disk perforModes
mance by optimizing the hard disk timing
32 Bit Transfer Mode
Enable 32 bit to maximize the IDE hard disk
data transfer rate
Floppy Drive A:/B:
This item allows you to set the type of floppy drives installed. Available
options: Not Installed, 1.2 MB 5¼, 720 KB 3½, 1.44 MB 3½ and 2.88 MB 3½.
3-7
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Advanced BIOS Features
Quick Boot
Setting the item to Enabled allows the system to boot within 5 seconds since
it will skip some check items. Available options: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Device Select
Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu screen.
Boot Device Priority: 1st/2nd/3rd
The items allow you to set the sequence of boot devices where BIOS
attempts to load the disk operating system.
.
3-8
MSI Reminds You...
Available settings for “1st/2nd/3rd Boot Device” vary depending on the bootable devices you have installed. For example, if
you did not install a floppy drive, the setting “Floppy” does
not show up.
BIOS Setup
Try Other Boot Device
Setting the option to Yes allows the system to try to boot from other
devices if the system fails to boot from the 1st/2nd/3rd boot device.
Full Screen LOGO Show
This item enables you to show the company logo on the bootup screen. Settings
are:
Enabled
Shows a still image (logo) on the full screen at boot.
Disabled
Shows the POST messages at boot.
S.M.A.R.T. for Hard Disks
This allows you to activate the S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring Analysis &
Reporting Technology) capability for the hard disks. S.M.A.R.T is a utility that
monitors your disk status to predict hard disk failure. This gives you an
opportunity to move data from a hard disk that is going to fail to a safe place
before the hard disk becomes offline. Settings: Enabled, Disabled.
BootUp Num-Lock
This item is to set the Num Lock status when the system is powered on. Setting
to On will turn on the Num Lock key when the system is powered on. Setting to
Off will allow end users to use the arrow keys on the numeric keypad. Setting
options: On, Off.
Floppy Drive Swap
Setting to Enabled will swap floppy drives A: and B:.
Floppy Drive Seek
This setting causes the BIOS to search for floppy disk drives at boot time.
When enabled, the BIOS will activate the floppy disk drives during the boot
process: the drive activity light will come on and the head will move back and
forth once. First A: will be done and then B: if it exists. Setting options:
Disabled, Enabled.
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MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Password Check
This specifies the type of AMIBIOS password protection that is implemented.
Setting options are described below.
Option
Setup
Always
Description
The password prompt appears only when end users try to
run Setup.
A password prompt appears every time when the computer is powered on or when end users try to run Setup.
Save Current ROM to HDD
This allows you to save the BIOS to your hard disk drive. Setting options: No,
Yes.
Boot To OS/2
This allows you to run the OS/2® operating system with DRAM larger than
64MB. When you choose No, you cannot run the OS/2® operating system
with DRAM larger than 64MB. But it is possible if you choose Yes.
Hyper Threading Function
This field is used to enable or disable the Hyper Threading function. Setting
to Enabled will increase the system performance. Settings: Enabled, Disabled.
MSI Reminds You...
Enabling the functionality of Hyper-Threading Technology for
your computer system requires ALL of the following platform
Components:
* CPU:
An Intel ® Pentium ® 4 Processor with HT
Technology;
* Chipset: An Intel® Chipset that supports HT Technology;
* BIOS:
A BIOS that supports HT Technology and has it
enabled;
* OS:
An operating system that supports HT
Technology.
For more information on Hyper-threading Technology, go to:
www.intel.com/info/hyperthreading
3-10
BIOS Setup
MPS Revision
This field allows you to select which MPS (Multi-Processor Specification)
version to be used for the operating system. You need to select the MPS
version supported by your operating system. Settings: 1.4 and 1.1.
APIC ACPI SCI IRQ
This field is used to enable or disable the APIC (Advanced Programmable
Interrupt Controller). Due to compliance to PC2001 design guide, the system is
able to run in APIC mode. Enabling APIC mode will expand available IRQs
resources for the system. Settings: Enabled and Disabled.
CPU L1 & L2 Cache
Cache memory is additional memory that is much faster than conventional
DRAM (system memory). When the CPU requests data, the system transfers
the requested data from the main DRAM into cache memory, for even faster
access by the CPU. The setting controls the internal cache (also known as L1
or level 1 cache). Setting to WriteBack will speed up the system performance.
System BIOS Cacheable
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the system BIOS ROM at F0000h-FFFFFh,
resulting in better system performance. However, if any program writes to this
memory area, a system error may result. Setting options: Enabled, Disabled.
C000, 32k Shadow
This item specifies how the contents of the adapter ROM named in the item are
handled. Settings are described below:
Option
Description
Disabled
Enabled
The specified ROM is not copied to RAM.
The contents of specified ROM are copied to RAM
for faster system performance.
The contents of specified ROM are not only copied
to RAM, the contents of the ROM area can be written to and read from cache memory.
Cached
3-11
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Advanced Chipset Features
MSI Reminds You...
Change these settings only if you are familiar with the chipset.
DRAM Timing Setting...
Press <Enter> and to enter the sub-menu screen.
Configure SDRAM Timing by SPD
Selects whether DRAM timing is controlled by the SPD (Serial Presence
Detect) EEPROM on the DRAM module. Setting to Enabled enables the
following fields automatically to be determined by BIOS based on the
configurations on the SPD. Selecting Disabled allows users to configure
these fields manually.
3-12
BIOS Setup
CAS# Latency
This controls the timing delay (in clock cycles) before SDRAM starts
a read command after receiving it. Settings: 2, 2.5 (clocks). 2 (clocks)
increases the system performance the most while 2.5 (clocks) provides
the most stable performance.
RAS# Precharge
This item controls the number of cycles for Row Address Strobe
(RAS) to be allowed to precharge. If insufficient time is allowed for
the RAS to accumulate its charge before DRAM refresh, refreshing
may be incomplete and DRAM may fail to retain data. This item
applies only when synchronous DRAM is installed in the system.
Available settings: 2 clocks, 3 clocks, 4 clocks.
RAS# to CAS# Delay
When DRAM is refreshed, both rows and columns are addressed
separately. This setup item allows you to determine the timing of the
transition from RAS (row address strobe) to CAS (column address
strobe). The less the clock cycles, the faster the DRAM performance.
Setting options: 2 clocks, 3 clocks, 4 clocks, .
Precharge Delay
This setting controls the precharge delay, which determines the timing
delay for DRAM precharge. Settings: 5 clocks, 6 clocks, 7 clocks, 8
clocks, .
Burst Length
This setting allows you to set the size of Burst-Length for DRAM.
Bursting feature is a technique that DRAM itself predicts the address
of the next memory location to be accessed after the first address is
accessed. To use the feature, you need to define the burst length,
which is the actual length of burst plus the starting address and
allows internal address counter to properly generate the next memory
location. The bigger the size, the faster the DRAM performance.
Available settings: 4, 8.
AGP Aperture Size (MB)
This setting controls just how much system RAM can be allocated to AGP for
video purposes. The aperture is a portion of the PCI memory address range
3-13
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
dedicated to graphics memory address space. Host cycles that hit the aperture
range are forwarded to the AGP without any translation. The option allows the
selection of an aperture size of 4MB, 8MB, 16MB, 32MB, 64MB, 128MB, and
256 MB.
Internal Graphics Mode Select (For 865G only)
The field specifies the size of system memory allocated for video memory.
Settings: Disabled, 1MB, 4MB, 8MB, 16MB, 32MB.
3-14
BIOS Setup
Power Management Features
APCI Standby State
This item specifies the power saving modes for ACPI function. If your operating system supports ACPI, such as Windows 98SE, Windows ME and Windows 2000, you can choose to enter the Standby mode in S1(POS) or S3(STR)
fashion through the setting of this field. Options are:
S1/POS The S1 sleep mode is a low power state. In this state, no system
context is lost (CPU or chipset) and hardware maintains all system context.
S3/STR The S3 sleep mode is a lower power state where the information
of system configuration and open applications/files is saved to
main memory that remains powered while most other hardware
components turn off to save energy. The information stored in
memory will be used to restore the system when a “wake up”
event occurs.
Auto
BIOS determines the best automatically.
Re-Call VGA BIOS at S3 Resuming
Selecting Enabled allows BIOS to call VGA BIOS to initialize the VGA card
when system wakes up (resumes) from S3 sleep state. The system resume time
is shortened when you disable the function, but system will need an AGP
3-15
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
driver to initialize the VGA card. Therefore, if the AGP driver of the card does
not support the initialization feature, the display may work abnormally or not
function after resuming from S3.
Power Management/APM
Setting to Enabled will activate an Advanced Power Management (APM)
device to enhance Max Saving mode and stop CPU internal clock. Settings:
Disabled, Enabled.
Suspend Time Out (Minute)
After the selected period of system inactivity, all devices except the CPU shut
off. Settings: Disabled, 1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
Power Button Function
This feature sets the function of the power button. Settings are:
On/Off
The power button functions as normal power off button.
Suspend
When you press the power button, the computer enters
the suspend/sleep mode, but if the button is pressed for
more than four seconds, the computer is turned off.
Restore on AC/Power Loss
This setting specifies whether your system will reboot after a power failure or
interrupt occurs. Available settings are:
Power Off
Leaves the computer in the power off state.
Power On
Leaves the computer in the power on state.
Last State
Restores the system to the previous status before power
failure or interrupt occurred.
Set Monitor Events
Press <Enter> and the following sub-menu appears.
3-16
BIOS Setup
FDC/LPT/COM Ports, Primary/Secondary Master/Slave IDE
These items specify if the BIOS will monitor the activity of the specified
hardware peripherals or components. If set to Monitor, any activity
detected on the specified hardware peripherals or components will wake
up the system or prevent the system from entering the power saving
modes. Settings: Monitor, Ignore.
Set WakeUp Events
Press <Enter> and the following sub-menu appears.
USB Device Wakeup From S3
This item allows the activity of the USB devices (keyboard and mouse) to
wake up the system from S3 sleep state. Setting: Enabled, Disabled.
Resume On PME#
This field specifies whether the system will be awakened from power
saving modes when activity or input signal of the specified hardware
peripheral or component is detected. Settings: Enabled, Disabled.
Resume By RTC Alarm
This is used to enable or disable the feature of booting up the system on
a scheduled time/date from the soft off (S5) state. Settings: Enabled,
Disabled.
3-17
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
RTC Alarm Date/Hour/Minute/Second
If Resume By Alarm is set to Enabled, the system will automatically resume
(boot up) on a specific date/hour/minute/second specified in these fields.
Available settings for each item are:
Alarm Date
01 ~ 31, Every Day
Alarm Hour
00 ~ 23
Alarm Minute
00 ~ 59
Alarm Second
00 ~ 59
MSI Reminds You...
If you have changed this setting, you must let the system boot up
until it enters the operating system, before this function will work.
Keyboard PowerOn Function
This controls how the PS/2 keyboard can power on the system. Settings:
Any Key, Specific Key, Disabled.
Specific Key for PowerOn
This setting allows users to set a password (max. 5 letters) for the
Keyboard Wakeup function.
Mouse PowerOn Function
This item allows the activity of the mouse to wake up the system sleep
state. Settings: Disabled, Any Action, Left-button, Right-button.
3-18
BIOS Setup
PNP/PCI Configurations
This section describes configuring the PCI bus system and PnP (Plug
& Play) feature. PCI, or Peripheral Component Interconnect, is a system which
allows I/O devices to operate at speeds nearing the speed the CPU itself uses
when communicating with its special components. This section covers some
very technical items and it is strongly recommended that only experienced
users should make any changes to the default settings.
Clear NVRAM
The ESCD (Extended System Configuration Data) NVRAM (Non-volatile
Random Access Memory) is where the BIOS stores resource information for
both PNP and non-PNP devices in a bit string format. When the item is set to
Yes, the system will reset ESCD NVRAM right after the system is booted up
and then set the setting of the item back to No automatically.
PCI Latency Timer (PCI Clocks)
This item controls how long each PCI device can hold the bus before another
takes over. When set to higher values, every PCI device can conduct
transactions for a longer time and thus improve the effective PCI bandwidth.
For better PCI performance, you should set the item to higher values. Settings
range from 32 to 248 at a 32 increment.
3-19
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Init. Graphics Adapter Priority
This setting specifies which VGA card is your primary graphics adapter. Setting
options are:
Internal VGA
The system initializes the onboard VGA device.
(For 865G)
AGP/Int-VGA
The system initializes the installed AGP card first.
If an AGP card is not available, it will initialize the
onboard VGA device. (For 865G)
AGP/PCI
The system initializes the installed AGP card
first. If an AGP card is not available, it will initialize the PCI VGA card.
PCI/AGP
The system initializes the installed PCI VGA card
first. If a PCI VGA card is not available, it will
initialize the AGP card.
PCI/Int-VGA
The system initializes the installed PCI VGA card
first. If a PCI VGA card is not available, it will
initialize the onboard VGA device. (For 865G)
PCI IDE BusMaster
Set this option to Enabled to specify that the IDE controller on the PCI local
bus has bus mastering capability. Setting options: Disabled, Enabled.
PCI Slot1 IRQ Priority, PCI Slot2/5 IRQ Priority, PCI Slot3 IRQ Priority,
PCI Slot4 IRQ Priority
These items specify the IRQ line for each PCI slot. Setting options: 3, 4, 5, 7, 9,
10, 11, Auto. Selecting Auto allows BIOS to automatically determine the IRQ
line for each PCI slot.
Set IRQs to PCI or ISA
Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu and the following screen appears:
3-20
BIOS Setup
IRQ 3/4/5/7/9/10/11/14/15
These items specify the bus where the specified IRQ line is used.
The settings determine if AMIBIOS should remove an IRQ from the pool
of available IRQs passed to devices that are configurable by the system
BIOS. The available IRQ pool is determined by reading the ESCD NVRAM.
If more IRQs must be removed from the IRQ pool, the end user can use
these settings to reserve the IRQ by assigning an ISA/EISA setting to it.
Onboard I/O is configured by AMIBIOS. All IRQs used by onboard I/O
are configured as PCI/PnP. If all IRQs are set to ISA/EISA, and IRQ 14/15
are allocated to the onboard PCI IDE, IRQ 9 will still be available for PCI
and PnP devices. Available settings: ISA/EISA and PCI/PnP.
Set DMAs to PnP or ISA
Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu and the following screen appears:
DMA Channel 0/1/3/5/6/7
These items specify the bus that the system DMA (Direct Memory
Access) channel is using.
The settings determine if AMIBIOS should remove a DMA from the
available DMAs passed to devices that are configurable by the system
BIOS. The available DMA pool is determined by reading the ESCD
NVRAM. If more DMAs must be removed from the pool, the end user can
reserve the DMA by assigning an ISA/EISA setting to it.
3-21
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Integrated Peripherals
Please note that the options showed on your BIOS might be different
depending on the motherboard you buy.
USB Controller
This setting is used to enable/disable the onboard USB controllers.
USB Device Legacy Support
Set to All Device if you need to use any the USB 1.1/2.0 device in the operating system that does not support or have any USB 1.1/2.0 driver installed,
such as DOS and SCO Unix. Set to Disabled only if you do not want to use
any USB device. Set to Keyboard+Mouse if you only want to use keyboard
and mouse. Setting options: Disabled, Keyboard+Mouse, All Device.
On-Chip IDE Configuration
Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu and the following screen appears:
3-22
BIOS Setup
On-Chip ATA(s) Operate Mode
This setting allows you to determine how the RAID controller on the
south bridge is going to switch to SATA controller. Legacy Mode means
you may use the traditional 14 and 15 IRQs, while Native Mode means
you may use all the available IRQs. Setting options: Legacy Mode, Native
Mode.
ATA Configuration
The field lets you to configure the available ATA controller. Setting
options: Disabled, P-ATA Only, S-ATA Only, P-ATA+S-ATA.
S-ATA Keep Enabled
This item is available for you to enable/disable the onboard S-ATA.
Setting options: Yes, No.
P-ATA Keep Enabled
This item is available for you to enable/disable the onboard P-ATA.
Setting options: Yes, No.
P-ATA Channel Selection
This item is available for you to select the parallel ATA channel.
Setting options: Primary, Secondary, Both.
Combined Mode Option
This item is available for you to select the combined mode which
boots first. Setting options: P-ATA 1st Channel, S-ATA 1st Channel.
S-ATA Ports Definition
This allows you to set the boot sequence of serial ATA ports.
Configure S-ATA as RAID
This item is available for you to configure S-ATA as onboard RAID.
Setting: Yes, No.
Onboard LAN
This setting controls the onboard LAN controller. Setting options: Disabled,
Enabled.
Load OnBoard LAN BIOS
This item is available for you to load the onboard LAN BIOS settings.
Setting options: Disabled, Enabled.
3-23
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Onboard 1394
This setting controls the onboard 1394 device. Setting options: Disabled,
Enabled.
Onboard Serial-ATA
This setting controls the onboard VIA Serial-ATA controller. Setting options:
Disabled, Enabled.
AC’97 Audio
This item is used to enable or disable the onboard AC’97 (Audio Codec’97)
feature. Selecting Auto allows the mainboard to detect whether an audio device is used. If an audio device is detected, the onboard AC’97 controller will
be enabled; if not, the controller is disabled. Disable the function if you want
to use other controller cards to connect an audio device. Settings: Disabled
and Auto.
Set Super I/O
Press <Enter> to enter the sub-menu and the following screen appears:
OnBoard FDC
Select Enabled if your system has a floppy disk controller (FDD) installed
on the system board and you wish to use it.
3-24
Option
Description
Auto
BIOS will automatically determine whether to enable the
onboard Floppy controller or not.
Enabled
Enables the onboard Floppy controller.
Disabled
Disables the onboard Floppy controller.
BIOS Setup
Onboard Serial Port A/B
These items specify the base I/O port addresses of the onboard Serial
Port 1 (COM A)/Serial Port 2 (COM B). Selecting Auto allows AMIBIOS
to automatically determine the correct base I/O port address. Settings:
Auto, 3F8/COM1, 2F8/COM2, 3E8/COM3, 2E8/COM4 and Disabled.
Serial Port B Mode
This item sets the operation mode for Serial Port B. Settings: Normal,
1.6uS, 3/16 Baud and ASKIR (the last three operation modes are
setting options for IR function).
IR Duplex Mode
This setting controls the operating mode of IR transmission/
reception. Setting options: Full Duplex, Half Duplex. Under Full
Duplex mode, synchronous, bi-directional transmission/reception
is allowed. Under Half Duplex mode, only asynchronous, bidirectional transmission/reception is allowed.
IR Pin Select
Set to IRRX/IRTX when using an internal IR module connected to
the IR connector. Set to SINB/SOUTB. when connecting an IR
adapter to COM B.
Onboard Parallel Port
This field specifies the base I/O port address of the onboard parallel port.
Selecting Auto allows AMIBIOS to automatically determine the correct
base I/O port address. Settings: Auto, 378, 278, 3BC and Disabled.
Parallel Port Mode
This item selects the operation mode for the onboard parallel port: ECP,
Normal, Bi-Dir or EPP.
EPP Version
The item selects the EPP version used by the parallel port if the port
is set to EPP mode. Settings: 1.7 and 1.9.
Parallel Port IRQ
When Onboard Parallel Port is set to Auto, the item shows Auto
indicating that BIOS determines the IRQ for the parallel port
automatically.
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MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Parallel Port DMA Channel
This feature needs to be configured only when Parallel Port Mode is
set to the ECP mode. When Parallel Port is set to Auto, the field will
show Auto indicating that BIOS automatically determines the DMA
channel for the parallel port.
3-26
BIOS Setup
PC Health Status
This section shows the status of your CPU, fan, overall system status,
etc. Monitor function is available only if there is hardware monitoring mechanism onboard.
Chassis Intrusion
The field enables or disables the feature of recording the chassis intrusion
status and issuing a warning message if the chassis is once opened. To clear
the warning message, set the field to Reset. The setting of the field will
automatically return to Enabled later. Settings: Enabled, Reset, Disabled.
CPU/System Temperature, CPU/NB Fan Speed, Vcore, 3.3V, +5.0V, +12.0V,
-12.0V, -5.0V, Battery, +5V SB
These items display the current status of all of the monitored hardware devices/
components such as CPU voltages, temperatures and all fans’ speeds.
3-27
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Frequency/Voltage Control
Use this menu to specify your settings for frequency/voltage control.
Dynamic OverClocking
Dynamic Overclocking Technology is the automatic overclocking function,
included in the MSITM’s newly developed CoreCellTM Technology. It is designed
to detect the load balance of CPU while running programs, and to adjust the
best CPU frequency automatically. When the motherboard detects CPU is
running programs, it will speed up CPU automatically to make the program run
smoothly and faster. When the CPU is temporarily suspending or staying in
the low load balance, it will restore the default settings instead. Usually the
Dynamic Overclocking Technology will be powered only when users' PC need
to run huge amount of data like 3D games or the video process, and the CPU
frequency need to be boosted up to enhance the overall performance. Setting
options:
Disabled
Disable Dynamic Overclocking.
Private
1st level of overclocking.
Sergeant
2nd level of overclocking.
Captain
3rd level of overclocking, also the default value of "Load
High Performance Defaults".
Colonel
4th level of overclocking.
General
5th level of overclocking.
Commander 6th level of overclocking.
3-28
BIOS Setup
MSI Reminds You...
Even though the Dynamic Overclocking Technology is more
stable than manual overclocking, basically, it is still risky. We
suggest user to make sure that your CPU can afford to
overclocking regularly first. If you find the PC appears to be
unstable or reboot incidentally, it's better to disable the Dynamic Overclocking or to lower the level of overclocking options.
By the way, if you need to conduct overclocking manually, you
also need to disable the Dynamic OverClocking first.
Performance Mode
This item allows you to control the MAT (memory acceleration technology)
function of CPU. MAT is MSITM’s exclusive technology, specializing in optimizing the data transfer rate among CPU, north bridge chip and memory, and
also in procuring better memory performance and bandwidth up to 10%. Selecting Fast will enable MAT. Please be noted that not every memory is compatible with MAT. If the system fail to reboot for four times, the BIOS will be
restored to the Default value (Normal). Setting options: Normal, Fast.
MSI Reminds You...
1. Even though MAT is easy to use, it doesn't mean there's no
risk at all. We recommend you to check if your memory is
able to bear MAT setting or not before deciding to always
use it. If your system will be unstable or reboot incidentally
after switching to Fast, please switch back to Normal.
Moreover, if you want to conduct FSB overclocking, you
should set MAT as Normal.
2. Meanwhile, for security reason, there are two functions to
protect BIOS and protect user’s system from crashing:
(a) There is a safe hotkey "Ins" in BIOS. If the overclocking
or/and MAT fails to run, you can press "Ins" key while
rebooting system to restore to the BIOS Defaults.
(b) If your system reboot for four times continually, the BIOS
will be restored to the Defaults (Normal), too
CPU Ratio Selection
This setting controls the multiplier that is used to determine the internal clock
speed of the processor relative to the external or motherboard clock speed.
3-29
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
DRAM Frequency
Use this field to configure the clock frequency of the installed DRAM. Settings
are:
PSB 400: 266, Auto, 333, 400, 433, 466, 500.
PSB 533: 266, 333, Auto, 400, 433, 450, 466, 500, 354 (3:4).
PSB 800: 266, 333, 400, Auto, 433, 450, 466, 500, 532, 501 (4:5),
533 (3:4).
MSI Reminds You...
The value plus a ratio (CPU: DDR) with parentheses means the
non-synchronous overclocking.
Spread Spectrum
When the motherboard’s clock generator pulses, the extreme values (spikes)
of the pulses creates EMI (Electromagnetic Interference). The Spread Spectrum function reduces the EMI generated by modulating the pulses so that the
spikes of the pulses are reduced to flatter curves. If you do not have any EMI
problem, leave the setting at Disabled for optimal system stability and
performance. But if you are plagued by EMI, activate the Spread Spectrum for
EMI reduction. Remember to disable Spread Spectrum if you are overclocking
because even a slight jitter can introduce a temporary boost in clock speed
which may just cause your overclocked processor to lock up. Options: Disabled,
Enabled.
Adjust CPU Bus Clock
This item allows you to select the CPU Bus clock frequency (in MHz) and
overclock the processor by adjusting the FSB clock to a higher frequency.
Settings are: PSB 400: 100-355MHz.
PSB 533: 133-500MHz
PSB 800: 200-500MHz
DDR Clock (Mhz)
This read-only item allows you to view the current DDR clock.
Adjust AGP/PCI Clock (Mhz)
This item allows you to select the AGP/PCI clock frequency (in MHz) by
adjusting the AGP/PCI clock to a higher frequency.
CPU Vcore Adjust
The setting allows you to adjust the CPU Vcore voltage. Available options:
Yes, No.
3-30
BIOS Setup
CPU Voltage (V)
The setting is adjustable if you set the “CPU Vcore Adjust” to “Yes”.
MSI Reminds You...
Changing CPU Ratio/Vcore could result in the instability of the
system; therefore, it is NOT recommended to change the default
setting for long-term usage.
DDR Power Voltage
Adjusting the DDR voltage can increase the DDR speed. Any changes made
to this setting may cause a stability issue, so changing the DDR voltage for
long-term purpose is NOT recommended.
AGP Power Voltage
AGP voltage is adjustable in the field, allowing you to increase the performance
of your AGP display card when overclocking, but the stability may be affected.
MSI Reminds You...
The settings shown in different color in CPU Voltage (V), DDR
Power Voltage and AGP Power Voltage helps to verify if your
setting is proper for your system.
White: Safe setting.
Yellow: High performance setting.
Red: Not recommended setting and the system may be unstable.
3-31
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Set Supervisor/User Password
When you select this function, a message as below will appear on the
screen:
Type the password, up to six characters in length, and press <Enter>.
The password typed now will replace any previously set password from CMOS
memory. You will be prompted to confirm the password. Retype the password
and press <Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not
enter a password.
To clear a set password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to
enter the password. A message will show up confirming the password will be
disabled. Once the password is disabled, the system will boot and you can
enter Setup without entering any password.
When a password has been set, you will be prompted to enter it every
time you try to enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing
any part of your system configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also have AMIBIOS
to request a password each time the system is booted. This would prevent
unauthorized use of your computer. The setting to determine when the password
prompt is required is the PASSWORD CHECK option of the ADVANCED BIOS
FEATURES menu. If the PASSWORD CHECK option is set to Always, the
password is required both at boot and at entry to Setup. If set to Setup, password
prompt only occurs when you try to enter Setup.
MSI Reminds You...
About Supervisor Password & User Password:
Supervisor password: Can enter and change the settings of
the setup menu.
User password:
Can only enter but do not have the
right to change the settings of the setup
menu.
3-32
BIOS Setup
Load High Performance/BIOS Setup Defaults
The two options on the main menu allow users to restore all of the BIOS
settings to High Performance defaults or BIOS Setup defaults. The High
Performance Defaults are the values set by the mainboard manufacturer for the
best system performance but probably will cause a stability issue. The BIOS
Setup Defaults are the default values also set by the mainboard manufacturer
for stable performance of the mainboard.
When you select Load High Performance Defaults, a message as below appears:
Pressing ‘Enter’ loads the default BIOS values that enable the best system
performance but may lead to a stability issue.
MSI Reminds You...
The option is for power or overclocking users only. Use of high
performance defaults will tighten most timings to increase the
system performance. Therefore, a high-end system configuration
is a must, which means you need high-quality VGA adapter,
RAM and so on. We don’t recommend that users should apply
the high performance defaults in their regular systems.
Otherwise, the system may become unstable or even crash. If the
system crashes or hangs after enabling the feature, please CLEAR
CMOS DATA to resolve the problem. For more information, refer
to “Clear CMOS Jumper: JBAT1” in Chapter 2.
When you select Load BIOS Setup Defaults, a message as below appears:
Pressing ‘Enter’ loads the default values that are factory settings for stable
system performance.
3-33
Using 4- or 6-Channel Audio Function
Appendix A: Using 2-, 4- & 6-Channel
Audio Function
The mainboard is equipped with Realtek ALC655 chip, which provides
support for 6-channel audio output, including 2 Front, 2 Rear, 1 Center and 1
Subwoofer channel. ALC655 allows the board to attach 4 or 6 speakers for
better surround sound effect. The section will tell you how to install and use
4-/6-channel audio function on the board.
A-1
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Installing the Audio Driver
You need to install the driver for Realtek ALC655 chip to function properly
before you can get access to 4-/6-channel audio operations. Follow the
procedures described below to install the drivers for different operating systems.
Installation for Windows 98SE/ME/2000/XP
For Windows® 2000, you must install Windows® 2000 Service Pack2 or
later before installing the driver.
The following illustrations are based on Windows® XP environment and
could look slightly different if you install the drivers in different operating
systems.
1. Insert the companion CD into the CD-ROM drive. The setup screen
will automatically appear.
2. Click Realtek AC97 Audio Drivers.
Click here
MSI Reminds You...
The AC97 Audio Configuration
software utility is under
continuous update to enhance audio applications. Hence, the
program screens shown here in this appendix may be slightly
different from the latest software utility and shall be held for
reference only.
A-2
Using 4- or 6-Channel Audio Function
3. Click Next to install the AC’97 Audio software.
Click here
4. Click Finish to restart the system.
Select this
option
Click here
A-3
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Software Configuration
After installing the audio driver, you are able to use the 4-/6-channel
audio feature now. Click the audio icon
from the window tray at the lowerright corner of the screen to activate the AC97 Audio Configuration.
Sound Effect
Here you can select a sound effect you like from the Environment list.
You may also edit the properties for an environment as you wish by
clicking the Edit button, then just scroll the bar in the bottom for each property
to adjust.
A-4
Using 4- or 6-Channel Audio Function
Here it provides the Karaoke function which will automatically remove
human voice (lyrics) and leave melody for you to sing the song. Note that this
function applies only for 2-channel audio operation.
Just check the Voice Cancellation box and then click OK to activate the
Karaoke function.
A-5
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Equalizer
Here you regulate each equalizer for current playing digital sound sources.
You may choose the provided sound effects, and the equalizer will adjust
automatically. If you like, you may also load an equalizer setting or make an
new equalizer setting to save as an new one by using the buttons Load and
Save. Or you may click Reset to use the default value.
A-6
Using 4- or 6-Channel Audio Function
Speaker Configuration
In this tab, you can easily configure your multi-channel audio function
and speakers.
1. Select the audio configuration below which is identical to the audio
jack in your mainboard. Since the audio port for this 865PE/G Neo2-P
mainboard is optional, you will have to choose either 6CH+ S/PDIF
(Coaxial) (for 865G Neo2-P & 865PE Neo2-P Option 1) or 6CH + S/
PDIF (Optical & Coaxial) (for 865PE Neo2-P Option 2).
2
1: For
865G Neo2-P &
865PE Neo2-P
Option 1
3
2
1: For
865PE Neo2-P
Option 2
3
A-7
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
2. Select a desired multi-channel operation from Number of Speaker.
a. Headphone for the common headphone
b. 2-Channel Mode for Stereo-Speaker Output
c. 4-Channel Mode for 4-Speaker Output
d. 6-Channel Mode for 5.1-Speaker Output
3. Here it shows the multi-channel setting for the audio jack. Please connect
your speakers to the correct phone jack in accordance with the setting
displayed here.
4. Then click OK to apply the configuration.
A-8
Using 4- or 6-Channel Audio Function
Speaker Test
You can use this tab to test each connected speaker to ensure if 4- or 6channel audio operation works properly. If any speaker fails to make sound,
then check whether the cable is inserted firmly to the connector or replace the
bad speakers with good ones.
Center
Front Left
Front Right
Rear Right
Rear Left
Subwoofer
Select this function
Select the speaker by clicking it to test its functionality. The one you
select will light up and make testing sound.
A-9
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
MSI Reminds You...
1. 6 speakers appear on the “Speaker Test” tab only when you
select “6-Channel Mode” in the “Number of Speakers” column in “Speaker Configuration” tab. If you select “4-Channel Mode”, only 4 speakers appear on the window.
2. While you are testing the speakers in 6-Channel Mode, if the
sound coming from the center speaker and subwoofer is
swapped, you should select Swap Center/Subwoofer Output
to readjust these two channels.
A-10
Using 4- or 6-Channel Audio Function
HRTF Demo
In this tab you may adjust your HRTF (Head Related Transfer Functions)
3D positional audio before playing 3D audio applications like gaming. You may
also select different environment to choose the most suitable environment you
like.
A-11
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
General
In this tab it provides some information about this AC97 Audio Configuration utility, including Audio Driver Version, DirectX Version, Audio Controller & AC97 Codec. You may also select the language of this utility by choosing
from the Language list.
A-12
Using 4- or 6-Channel Audio Function
Using 2-, 4- & 6- Channel Audio Function
For 865G Neo2-P and 865PE Neo2-P Option 1:
Connecting the Speakers
When you have set the Multi-Channel Audio Function mode properly in
the software utility, connect your speakers to the correct phone jacks in
accordance with the setting in software utility.
„ 2-Channel Mode for Stereo-Speaker Output
Refer to the following diagram and caption for the function of each
phone jack on the back panel when 2-Channel Mode is selected.
Back Panel
1
4
2
1
2
3
4
Line In
Line Out (Front channels)
MIC
SPDIF Coaxial jack
3
A-13
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
„ 4-Channel Mode for 4-Speaker Output
The audio jacks on the back panel always provide 2-channel analog
audio output function, however these audio jacks can be transformed
to 4- or 6- channel analog audio jacks by selecting the corresponding
multi-channel operation from No. of Speakers.
Refer to the following diagram and caption for the function of each
jack on the back panel when 4-Channel Mode is selected.
Back Panel
1
4
2
1
2
3
4
*Line Out (Rear channels)
Line Out (Front channels)
MIC
SPDIF Coaxial jack
3
* Line In function is converted to
Line Out function when 4-Channel
Mode for 4-Speaker Output is selected.
A-14
Using 4- or 6-Channel Audio Function
„ 6-Channel Mode for 6-Speaker Output
Refer to the following diagram and caption for the function of each
jack on the back panel when 6-Channel Mode is selected.
Back Panel
1
2
3
4
* Line Out (Rear channels)
Line Out (Front channels)
* Line Out (Center and Subwoofer channel)
SPDIF Coaxial jack
4
1
2
3
* Both Line In and MIC
function are converted to Line
Out function when 6-Channel
Mode for 6-Speaker Output is
selected.
MSI Reminds You...
If the audio signals coming from the Center and Subwoofer
speaker are swapped when you play video or music on the
computer, a converter may be required to exchange center and
subwoofer audio signals. The converter can be purchased from
a speaker store.
A-15
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
For 865PE Neo2-P Option 2:
Connecting the Speakers
When you have set the Multi-Channel Audio Function mode properly in
the software utility, connect your speakers to the correct phone jacks in
accordance with the setting in software utility.
„ 2-Channel Mode for Stereo-Speaker Output
Refer to the following diagram and caption for the function of each
phone jack on the back panel when 2-Channel Mode is selected.
Back Panel
1
4
7
2
5
3
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
A-16
Line In
Line Out (Front channels)
MIC
Line Out (Rear channels, but no functioning in this mode)
Line Out (Center and Subwoofer channel, but no functioning in this mode)
SPDIF Out Optical jack
SPDIF Out Coaxial jack
Using 4- or 6-Channel Audio Function
„ 4-Channel Mode for 4-Speaker Output
Back Panel
1
7
4
2
5
3
6
4-Channel Analog Audio Output
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Line In
Line Out (Front channels)
MIC
Line Out (Rear channels)
Line Out (Center and Subwoofer channel, but no functioning in this mode)
SPDIF Out Optical jack
SPDIF Out Coaxial jack
A-17
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
„ 6-Channel Mode for 4-Speaker Output
Back Panel
1
4
7
2
5
3
6-Channel Analog Audio Output
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
A-18
Line In
Line Out (Front channels)
MIC
Line Out (Rear channels)
Line Out (Center and Subwoofer channel)
SPDIF-Out Optical jack
SPDIF-Out Coaxial jack
6
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Appendix B: Intel ICH5R Serial ATA
RAID Introduction
The southbridge ICH5R provides a hybrid solution that combines two
independent SATA ports for support of up to two Serial ATA (Serial ATA
RAID) drives.
Serial ATA (SATA) is the latest generation of the ATA interface. SATA
hard drives deliver blistering transfer speeds of up to 150MB/sec. Serial ATA
uses long, thin cables, making it easier to connect your drive and improving
the airflow inside your PC.
1. Supports 150 MB/s transfers with CRC error checking
2. Data handling optimizations including tagged command queuing,
elevator seek and packet chain command
Appendix. Using 4- or 6-Channel
Audio Function
MSI Reminds You...
All the information/volumes listed in your system might differ from
the illustrations in this appendix.
B-1
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Introduction
Following are the Parallel ATA (P-ATA) and Serial ATA (S-ATA) device
configurations supported by Intel ICH5R.
ATA Operate Mode
There are two modes to select: Legacy mode and Native mode.
Legacy Mode:
--- In this mode, system BIOS just assign the traditional 14 and 15 IRQs
to use for HDD.
--- Older OSs that do not support switch to Native Mode (DOS, Win98/
ME...) should set SATA and PATA to Legacy Mode.
--- Maximum 4 ATA devices to connect.
--- Combine mode and Non-Combine mode.
h Non-Combined Mode: P-ATA devices only .
Maximum of 4 devices.
h Non-Combined Mode: S-ATA devices only.
Maximum of 2 devices.
h Combined Mode: S-ATA devices
P-ATA devices
Maximum of 2 devices each, thus total 4 devices
at maximum.
Native Mode:
--- In this mode, system BIOS will search all available IRQs to use for HDD.
--- New OS that support switch to Native Mode (WinXP, Win2K) can set
SATA and PATA to Native Mode.
--- Comprehend both Legacy and/or Native Modes.
--- Maximum 6 ATA devices to connect (4 for P-ATA & 2 for S-ATA).
MSI Reminds You...
BIOS provides a BIOS setup option for Native Mode or Legacy
Mode user selection. Please refer to P.3-23 On-Chip IDE
Configuration for details.
B-2
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
What is RAID 0 (striping)?
RAID 0 leverages the read/write capabilities of two or more hard drives
working in unison to maximize the storage performance of a computer system.
Data in a RAID 0 volume is arranged into blocks that are interleaved among
the disks so that reads and writes can be performed in parallel (see below
diagram). This technique, known as "striping", is the fastest of all of the RAID
levels, especially for reading and writing large sequential files. Real world
usage models where RAID 0 can be of particular benefit include loading large
files into an image editing application such as Adobe* Photoshop*, saving
large movie files in a video editing application such as Adobe* Premiere*, or
creating CD or DVD images with a CD/DVD authoring package such as Roxio*
Easy CD Creator*.
The hard drives in a RAID 0 volume are combined to form one volume
which appears as a single virtual drive to the operating system. For example,
two 40 GB hard drives in a RAID 0 array will appear as a single 80 GB hard
drive to the operating system.
No redundancy information is stored in a RAID 0 volume. This means
that if one hard drive fails, all data on both drives is lost. This lack of redundancy is also reflected by the RAID level 0, which indicates no redundancy.
RAID 0 is not recommended for use in servers or other environments where
data redundancy is a primary goal.
Minimum Disks:
Advantage:
Redundancy:
Application:
2
Highest transfer rates
None - if one disk fails all data will be lost
Typically used in desktops and workstations for
maximum performance for temporary data and
high I/O rate
B-3
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
What is RAID 1 (mirroring)?
A RAID 1 array contains two hard drives where the data between the
two is mirrored in real time. Since all of the data is duplicated, the operating
system treats the usable space of a RAID 1 array as the maximum size of one
hard drive in the array. For example, two 40 GB hard drives in a RAID 1 array
will appear as a single 40 GB hard drive to the operating system.
The primary benefit of RAID 1 mirroring is that it provides good data
reliability in the case of a single disk failure. When one disk drive fails, all data
is immediately available on the other without any impact to the data integrity.
In the case of a disk failure, the computer system will remain fully operational
to ensure maximum productivity.
The performance of a RAID 1 array is greater than that of a single drive
since data can be read from multiple disks simultaneously, although disk
writes do not realize the same benefit as is the case with RAID 0.
Minimum Disks:
Advantage:
Redundancy:
Application:
B-4
2
100% redundancy of data. One disk may fail, but data
will continue to be accessible. A rebuild to a new disk is
recommended to maintain data redundancy.
Excellent - disk mirroring means that all data on one disk
is duplicated on another disk.
Typically used for smaller systems where capacity of
one disk is sufficient and for any application(s) requiring very high availability.
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
BIOS Configuration
The Intel RAID Option ROM should be integrated with the system
BIOS on all motherboards with a supported Intel chipset. The Intel RAID
Option ROM is the Intel RAID implementation and provides BIOS and DOS
disk services. Please use <Ctrl> + <I> keys to enter the “Intel(R) RAID for
Serial ATA” status screen, which should appear early in system boot-up,
during the POST (Power-On Self Test).
Using the Intel RAID Option ROM
1. Creating, Deleting and Resetting RAID Volumes:
The Serial ATA RAID volume may be configured using the RAID
Configuration utility stored within the Intel RAID Option ROM. During the
Power-On Self Test (POST), the following message will appear for a few seconds:
MSI Reminds You...
The “Driver Model”, “Serial #” and “Size” in the following
example might be different from your system.
After the above message shows, press <Ctrl> and <I> keys
simultaneously to enter the RAID Configuration Utility.
B-5
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
2. Creating, Deleting and Resetting RAID Volumes:
After pressing the <Ctrl> and <I> keys simultaneously, the following
window will appear:
(1) Create RAID Volume
1. Select option 1 “Create RAID Volume” and press <Enter> key. The following
screen appears:
MSI Reminds You...
The following procedure is only available with a newly-built
system or if you are reinstalling your OS. It should not be used to
migrate an existing system to RAID 0.
B-6
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
2. Specify a RAID Volume name and then press the <TAB> or <Enter> key
to go to the next field.
3. Select the strip value for the RAID 0 or RAID 1 array by using the “upper
arrow” or “down arrow” keys to scroll through the available values, and
pressing the <Enter> key to select and advance to the next field. The
available values range from 4KB to 128 KB in power of 2 increments. The
strip value should be chosen based on the planned drive usage. Here are
some suggested selections:
16 KB – Best for sequential transfers
64 KB – Good general purpose strip size
128 KB – Best performance for most desktops and workstations.
The default value.
Select the RAID level (Striping for RAID0 and Mirror for RAID1) by
scrolling through the available values by using the “upper arrow” or
“down arrow”, and press the <Enter> key to select and advance to the
next field.
B-7
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
4. From the Strip size, press the <Tab> or <ENTER> key to advance to the
Create Volume prompt. The window will appear as follows:
5. Then press <Enter> to create the specified volume and the following
prompt will show:
B-8
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
6. Press <Y> to confirm the selection or press <N> to create the RAID
volume again. Then you will return to the main menu with an
updated status as follows:
7. Scroll to option 4 Exit and press <Enter> to exit the RAID Configuration
utility. The following prompt appears:
8. Click <Y> to confirm the exit.
B-9
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
(2) Delete RAID Volume
Here you can delete the RAID volume, but please be noted that all data on
RAID drives will be lost.
MSI Reminds You...
If your system currently boots to RAID and you delete the RAID
volume in the Intel RAID Option ROM, your system will become
unbootable.
Select option 2 Delete RAID Volume from the main menu window and press
<Enter> key to select a RAID volume for deletion. The following window will
appear:
B-10
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Select the volume and press <Delete> key to delete the RAID volume. The
following prompt appears:
Press <Y> key to accept the volume deletion.
B-11
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
(3) Reset Disks to Non-RAID
Select option 3 Reset Disks to Non-RAID and press <Enter> to delete the
RAID volume and remove any RAID structures from the drives. The following
screen appears:
Press <Y> key to accept the selection.
MSI Reminds You...
1. You will lost all data on the RAID drives and any internal RAID
structures when you perform this operation.
2. Possible reasons to ‘Reset Disks to Non-RAID’ could include
issues such as incompatible RAID configurations or a failed
volume or failed disk.
B-12
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Installing Software
Install Driver in Windows XP / 2000
h New Windows XP / 2000 Installation
The following details the installation of the drivers while installing Windows XP / 2000.
1. Start the installation:
Boot from the CD-ROM. Press F6 when the message "Press F6 if you
need to install third party SCSI or RAID driver" appears.
2. When the Windows XP Setup window is generated, press S to specify
an Additional Device(s).
3. Insert the driver diskette Intel IAA RAID XP Driver For ICH5R
(FW82801ER) into drive A: and press <Enter>.
4. Choose Intel(R) 82801ER SATA RAID Controller from the list that
appears on Windows XP Setup screen, press the <Enter> key.
5. Press <Enter> to continue with installation or if you need to specify
any additional devices to be installed, do so at this time. Once all
devices are specified, press <Enter> to continue with installation.
6. From the Windows XP Setup screen, press the <Enter> key. Setup will
now load all device files and then continue the Windows XP
installation.
h Existing Windows XP / 2000 Driver Installation
1. Insert the MSI CD into the CD-ROM drive.
2. The CD will auto-run and the setup screen will appear.
3. Under the Driver tab, click on Intel IAA RAID Edition.
4. The drivers will be automatically installed.
h Confirming Windows XP / 2000 Driver Installation
1. From Windows XP / 2000, open the Control Panel from My Computer
followed by the System icon.
2. Choose the Hardware tab, then click the Device Manager tab.
3. Click the "+" in front of the SCSI and RAID Controllers hardware
type. The driver Intel(R) 82801ER SATA RAID Controller should
appear.
B-13
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Installation of Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition
The Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition driver may be used to
operate the hard drive from which the system is booting or a hard drive that
contains important data. For this reason, you cannot remove or un-install this
driver from the system after installation; however, you will have the ability to
un-install all other non-driver components. The following non-driver components can be un-installed:
h Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition utility
h Help documentation
h Start menu shortcuts and system tray icon service
h RAID Monitor service
Insert the MSI CD and click on the Intel IAA RAID Edition to install the
software.
Click the Intel IAA
RAID Edition
B-14
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
The InstallShield Wizard will begin automatically for installation showed
as following:
Click on the Next button to proceed the installation in the welcoming window.
B-15
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
The window shows the components to be installed. Click Next button to
continue.
After reading the license agreement in the following window, click Yes
button to continue.
B-16
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Select the folder in which you want the program to be installed in the
following window, and click Next button to start installation.
Select a program folder in the following window where you want Setup to
add the program icon.
B-17
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
The following window appears to show the Intel Application Accelerator
RAID Edition Setup installation status.
Once the installation is complete, the following window appears.
B-18
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
RAID Migration Instructions
The Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition offers the flexibility to
upgrade from a single Serial ATA (SATA) hard drive to a two drive RAID 0 or
RAID 1 configuration when an additional SATA hard drive is added to the
system. This process will create a new RAID volume from an existing disk.
However, several important steps must be followed at the time the system is
first configured in order to take advantage of RAID when upgrading to a
second SATA hard drive:
1. BIOS must be configured for RAID before installing Windows* XP
on the single SATA hard drive. Refer to Page B-5 BIOS Configuration for properly setting of the BIOS.
2. Install the Intel Application Accelerator RAID Driver during Windows Setup. Refer to Page B-13 Installing Software for instructions on installing the driver during Windows Setup.
3. Install the Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition after the
operating system is installed.
To create a volume from an existing disk, complete the following steps:
MSI Reminds You...
A Create from Existing Disk operation will delete all existing
data from the added disk and the data cannot be recovered. It is
critical to backup all important data on the added disk before
proceeding. However, during the migration process, the data on
the source disk is preserved.
After the Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition has been successfully installed and the system has rebooted, click on the Intel Application
Accelerator shortcut link and the following window will appear:
B-19
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Create RAID Volume from Existing Disk
To create a RAID volume from an existing disk, right-mouse click on
RAID Volume and select Create From Existing Disk to create a new RAID
volume as the screen below. You may also use the RAID drop-down menu and
click on Create Volume from Existing Disk.
(1) Step 1 of 3: Select the source disk
For Step 1, select the source disk that you wish to use and then click Next.
It is very important to note which disk is the source disk (the one containing
all of the information to be migrated) and which one is the target disk. On a
RAID Ready system, this can be determined by making a note during POST of
which port (e.g. Port 0 or Port 1) the single disk is attached to.
You can also use the Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition utility
before the second disk is installed to verify the Port and serial number of the
drive that contains all the data.
B-20
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
(2) Step 2 of 3: Select the RAID Volume Name and Strip Size
In Step 2, select the RAID volume name and strip size, and click Next:
h RAID Volume Name:
A desired RAID volume name needs to be typed in where the ‘RAID_Volume1’
text currently appears above. The RAID volume name has a maximum limit of
16 characters. The RAID volume name must also be in English alphanumeric
ASCII characters.
h RAID Level:
Select the desired RAID level:
RAID 0 (Performance) – A volume optimized for performance will allow
you to access your data more quickly.
RAID 1 (Redundancy) – A volume optimized for data redundancy will
provide you with a realtime duplicate copy of
your data. Note: Only half of the available volume space will be available for data storage.
h Strip Sizes:
Select the desired strip size setting. As indicated, the optimal setting is 128KB.
Selecting any other option may result in performance degradation. Even though
128KB is the recommended setting for most users, you should choose the
strip size value which is best suited to your specific RAID usage model. The
most typical strip size settings are:
4KB: For specialized usage models requiring 4KB strips
8KB: For specialized usage models requiring 8KB strips
16KB: Best for sequential transfers
B-21
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
32KB: Good for sequential transfers
64KB: Good general purpose strip size
128KB: Best performance for most desktops and workstations
Before you continue to Step 3 of 3 by clicking Next in Step 2 of 3, read the
next 2 dialogue boxes carefully. Please note that once you have selected
Migrate on Step 3 of 3, the Intel Application Accelerator RAID Edition will
have claimed the disks to be used in creating a new volume and this operation
cannot be undone. It is critical that you backup all important data before
selecting Yes to these dialogue boxes:
(2) Step 3 of 3: Confirm the creation of new RAID volume
In Step 3, confirm the creation of the new RAID volume and then click
Migrate:
B-22
Intel ICH5R Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Migration Process
The migration process may take up to two hours to complete depending
on the size of the disks being used and the strip size selected. A dialog
window will appear stating that the migration process may take considerable
time to complete and you must click Yes in order to start the migration. While
you can still continue using your computer during the migration process,
once the migration process starts, it cannot be stopped. If the migration process
gets interrupted and your system is rebooted for any reason, it will pick up the
migration process where it left off. You will be provided with an estimated
completion time (the remaining time will depend on your system) once the
migration process starts as illustrated in the following example:
The following screen appears if the migration process is completed
successfully. Then you have to reboot your system to use the full capacity of
the new volume.
B-23
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Appendix. Using 4- or 6-Channel
Appendix C: VIA VT6420 Serial ATA
Audio Function
RAID Introduction
VIA VT6420 provides a hybrid solution that combines two independent
SATA ports for support of up to two Serial ATA (Serial ATA RAID) drives.
Serial ATA (SATA) is the latest generation of the ATA interface. SATA
hard drives deliver blistering transfer speeds of up to 150MB/sec. Serial ATA
uses long, thin cables, making it easier to connect your drive and improving
the airflow inside your PC.
The key features of VT6420 SATA RAID are:
Support two SATA + two PATA.
Only SATA supports RAID.
Supports ATA 133 high performance hard disk drive.
Supports hard disk drive larger than 137 GB (48-bits LBA).
Dual independent ATA channels and maximum connection of four
hard disk drives allowed.
6. Supports Ultra DMA mode 6/5/4/3/2/1/0, DMA mode 2/1/0, and PIO
mode 4/3/2/1/0.
7. Supports PCI Plug and Play. PCI interrupt sharing and coexists with
mainboard IDE controller.
8. Supports IDE bus master operation.
9. Supports RAID 0, 1, and JBOD.
10. 4 KB to 64 KB striping block size support.
11. Bootable disk or disk array support.
12. Windows-based RAID configure and management software tool.
(Compatible with BIOS)
13. Real-time monitoring of device status and error alarm with popup message box and beeping.
14. Supports hot-swap failed disk drive in RAID 1 array.
15. Mirroring automatic background rebuilds support.
16. ATA SMART function support.
17. Microsoft Windows 98, Me, NT4.0, 2000, XP operating systems
support.
18. Event log for easy troubleshooting.
19. On-line help for easy operation for RAID software.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
C-1
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Introduction
This section gives a brief introduction on the RAID-related background
knowledge and a brief introduction on VIA SATA RAID Host Controller. For
users wishing to install their VIA SATA RAID driver and RAID software,
proceed to Driver and RAID Software Installation section.
RAID Basics
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) is a method of combining two or more hard disk drives into one logical unit. The advantage of an
Array is to provide better performance or data fault tolerance. Fault tolerance
is achieved through data redundant operation, where if one drives fails, a
mirrored copy of the data can be found on another drive. This can prevent
data loss if the operating system fails or hangs. The individual disk drives in
an array are called “members”. The configuration information of each member
is recorded in the “reserved sector” that identifies the drive as a member. All
disk members in a formed disk array are recognized as a single physical drive
to the operating system.
Hard disk drives can be combined together through a few different
methods. The different methods are referred to as different RAID levels. Different RAID levels represent different performance levels, security levels and
implementation costs. The RAID levels which the VIA VT6420 SATA RAID
Host Controller supports are RAID 0 and RAID 1. The table below briefly
introduced these RAID levels.
RAID Level No. of Drives
RAID 0
2
Benefits
Number drives *
Highest performance without data
Smallest size
protection
2
Smallest size
Data protection
2
Sum of all drives
No data protection and
(Striping)
RAID 1
Capacity
(Mirroring)
JBOD
(Spanning)
performance improving, but disk
capacity is fully used.
C-2
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
RAID 0 (Striping)
RAID 0 reads and writes sectors of data interleaved between multiple
drives. If any disk member fails, it affects the entire array. The disk array data
capacity is equal to the number of drive members times the capacity of the
smallest member. The striping block size can be set from 4KB to 64KB. RAID
0 does not support fault tolerance.
RAID 1 (Mirroring)
RAID 1 writes duplicate data onto a pair of drives and reads both sets of
data in parallel. If one of the mirrored drives suffers a mechanical failure or
does not respond, the remaining drive will continue to function. Due to
redundancy, the drive capacity of the array is the capacity of the smallest
drive. Under a RAID 1 setup, an extra drive called the .spare drive. can be
attached. Such a drive will be activated to replace a failed drive that is part of
a mirrored array. Due to the fault tolerance, if any RAID 1 drive fails, data
access will not be affected as long as there are other working drives in the
array.
JBOD (Spanning)
A spanning disk array is equal to the sum of the all drives when the
drives used are having different capacities. Spanning stores data onto a drive
until it is full, then proceeds to store files onto the next drive in the array.
When any disk member fails, the failure affects the entire array. JBOD is not
really a RAID and does not support fault tolerance.
C-3
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
BIOS Configuration
When the system powers on during the POST (Power-On Self Test)
process, press <Tab> key to enter the BIOS configuration.
The Serial ATA RAID volume may be configured using the VIA Tech.
RAID BIOS. Always use the arrow keys to navigate the main menu, use up and
down arrow key to select the each item and press <Enter> to call out the list of
creation steps. The main interface of BIOS configuration utility is as below:
C-4
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Create Disk Array
Use the up and down arrow keys to select the Create Array command
and press <Enter>.
MSI Reminds You...
The “Channel”, “Drive Name”, “Mode” and “Size (GB)” in the
following example might be different from your system.
Select Array Mode and press <Enter>, a list of array modes will appear.
Highlight the target array mode that you want to create, and press <Enter> to
confirm the selection. If RAID 1 or RAID 0/1 is selected, an option list will
popup and enable the users to select Create only or Create and duplicate.
Create only will allow BIOS to only create an array. The data on the mirroring
drive may be different from the source drive. Create and duplicate lets BIOS
copy the data from the source to the mirroring drive.
C-5
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
After array mode is selected, there are two methods to create a disk
array. One method is “Auto Setup” and the other one is “Select Disk Drives”.
Auto Setup allows BIOS to select the disk drives and create arrays automatically,
but it does not duplicate the mirroring drives even if the user selected Create
and duplicate for RAID 1. It is recommended all disk drives are new ones when
wanting to create an array. Select Disk Drives lets the user select the array
drives by their requirements. When using Select Disk Drives, the channel
column will be activated. Highlight the target drives that you want to use and
press <Enter> to select them. After all drives have been selected, press <Esc>
to go back to the creation steps menu.
If user selects a RAID 0 array in step 2, the block size of the array can also
be selected. Use the arrow key to highlight Block Size and press <Enter>,
then select a block size from the popup menu. The block size can be 4KB to
64KB.
C-6
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
MSI Reminds You...
Even though 64KB is the recommended setting for most users, you
should choose the block size value which is best suited to your
specific RAID usage model.
4KB: For specialized usage models requiring 4KB blocks
8KB: For specialized usage models requiring 8KB blocks
16KB: Best for sequential transfers
32KB: Good for sequential transfers
64KB: Optimal setting
Use the arrow key to highlight Start Create Process and press <Enter>.
A warning message will appear, Press Y to finish the creation, or press N to
cancel the creation.
Important note: All existing content in the hard drive will be destroyed
after array creation.
C-7
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Delete Disk Array
A RAID can be deleted after it has been created. To delete a RAID, use
the following steps:
1. Select Delete Array in the main menu and press <Enter>. The channel
column will be activated.
2. Select the member of an array that is to be deleted and press <Enter>. A
warning message will show up, press Y to delete or press N to cancel.
Deleting a disk array will destroy all the data on the disk array except
RAID 1 arrays. When a RAID is deleted, the data on these two hard disk drives
will be reserved and become two normal disk drives.
C-8
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Create and Delete Spare Hard Drive
If a RAID 1 array is created and there are drives that do not belong to
other arrays, the one that has a capacity which is equal to or greater than the
array capacity can be selected as a spare drive for the RAID 1 array. Select
Create/Delete Spare and press <Enter>, the channel column will then be
activated. Select the drive that you want to use as a spare drive and press
<Enter>, the selected drive will be marked as Spare. The spare drive cannot be
accessed in an OS.
To delete a spare drive, highlight Create/Delete Spare and press <Enter>.
The spare drive will be highlighted, press <Enter> to delete the spare drive.
C-9
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Select Boot Array
User can select a disk array as boot device if user wants to boot
operating system from an array. Boot disk array cannot be selected if the
operating system does not boot from the disk array. Highlight the Select Boot
Array item; press <Enter> and the channel column will be activated. Then
highlight the target disk array and press <Enter>. If user selects a disk array
that has a boot mark and press <Enter>, its boot setting will be canceled.
C-10
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
View Serial Number of Hard Drive
Highlight Serial Number View and press <Enter>. Use arrow key to
select a drive, the selected drive’s serial number can be viewed in the last
column. The serial number is assigned by the disk drive manufacturer.
Press the F1 key to show the array status on the lower screen. If there are
no disk arrays then nothing will be displayed on the screen.
C-11
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Duplicate Critical RAID 1 Array
When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if the RAID 1 array has
any inconsistencies between user data and backup data. If BIOS detects any
inconsistencies, the status of the disk array will be marked as critical, and BIOS
will prompt the user to duplicate the RAID 1 in order to ensure the backup data
consistency with the user data.
If user selects Continue to boot, it will enable duplicating the array after
booting into OS.
C-12
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Rebuild Broken RAID 1 Array
When booting up the system, BIOS will detect if any member disk drives
of RAID has failed or is absent. If BIOS detects any disk drive failures or
missing disk drives, the status of the array will be marked as broken.
If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 array but there is a spare hard drive
available for rebuilding the broken array, the spare hard drive will automatically
become the mirroring drive. BIOS will show a main interface just like a duplicated
RAID 1. Selecting Continue to boot enables the user to duplicate the array after
booting into operating system.
If BIOS detects a broken RAID 1 array but there is no spare hard drive
available for rebuilding the array, BIOS will provide several operations to
solve such problem.
1. Power off and Check the Failed Drive:
This item turns off the computer and replaces the failed hard drive with a
good one. If your computer does not support APM, you must turn off your
computer manually. After replacing the hard drive, boot into BIOS and select
Choose replacement drive and rebuild to rebuild the broken array.
2. Destroy the Mirroring Relationship:
This item cancels the data mirroring relationship of the broken array. For
broken RAID 1 arrays, the data on the surviving disk will remain after the
destroy operation. However, Destroy the Mirroring Relationship is not
recommend because the data on the remaining disk will be lost when the hard
drive is used to create another RAID 1 array.
C-13
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
3. Choose Replacement Drive and Rebuild:
This item enables users to select an already-connected hard drive to
rebuild the broken array. After choosing a hard drive, the channel column will
be activated.
Highlight the target hard drive and press <Enter>, a warning message
will appear. Press Y to use that hard drive to rebuild, or press N to cancel.
Please note selecting option Y will destroy all the data on the selected hard
drive.
4. Continue to boot:
This item enables BIOS to skip the problem and continue booting into
OS.
C-14
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Installing RAID Software & Drivers
Install Driver in Windows OS
h New Windows OS (2000/XP/NT4) Installation
The following details the installation of the drivers while installing Windows
XP.
1. Start the installation:
Boot from the CD-ROM. Press F6 when the message "Press F6 if you
need to install third party SCSI or RAID driver" appears.
2. When the Windows Setup window is generated, press S to
specify an Additional Device(s).
3. Insert the driver diskette VIA VT6420/VT8237 Disk Driver into
drive A: and press <Enter>.
4. Depending on your operation system, choose VIA Serial ATA RAID
Controller(Windows XP), VIA Serial ATA RAID Controller(Windows 2000)
or VIA Serial ATA RAID Controller(Windows NT4) from the list that appears
on Windows XP Setup screen, press the <Enter> key.
5. Press <Enter> to continue with installation or if you need to specify
any additional devices to be installed, do so at this time. Once all devices are
specified, press <Enter> to continue with installation.
6. From the Windows XP Setup screen, press the <Enter> key. Setup
will now load all device files and then continue the Windows XP installation
h Existing Windows XP Driver Installation
1. Insert the MSI CD into the CD-ROM drive.
2. The CD will auto-run and the setup screen will appear.
3. Under the Driver tab, click on VIA SATA RAID Utility.
4. The drivers will be automatically installed.
h Confirming Windows XP Driver Installation
1. From Windows XP, open the Control Panel from My Computer
followed by the System icon.
2. Choose the Hardware tab, then click the Device Manager tab.
3. Click the "+" in front of the SCSI and RAID Controllers hardware
type. The driver VIA IDE RAID Host Controller should appear.
C-15
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Installation of VIA SATA RAID Utility
The VIA SATA RAID Utility is the software package that enables highperformance RAID 0 arrays in the Windows* XP operating system. This version
of VIA SATA RAID Utility contains the following key features:
h Serial ATA RAID driver for Windows XP
h VIA SATA RAID utility
h RAID0 and RAID1 functions
Insert the MSI CD and click on the VIA SATA RAID Utility to install the
software.
C-16
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
The InstallShield Wizard will begin automatically for installation. Click on
the Next button to proceed the installation in the welcoming window.
Put a check mark in the check box to install the feature you want. Then click
Next button to proceed the installation.
C-17
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Using VIA RAID Tool
Once the installation is complete, go to Start ---> Programs --->VIA -->raid_tool.exe to enable VIA RAID Tool.
After the software is finished installation, it
will automatically started every time Windows is
initiated. You may double-click on the
icon shown
in the system tray of the tool bar to launch the VIA
RAID Tool utility.
C-18
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
The main interface is divided into two windows and the toolbar above
contain the main functions. Click on these toolbar buttons to execute their
specific functions. The left windowpane displays the controller and disk drives
and the right windowpane displays the details of the controller or disk drives.
In this model, the available features are as following:
View by Controller
View by Devices
View Event log
Help Topics
Click on
o r
button to determine the viewing type of left window pane. There are two viewing types: By controllers and by device. Click on
the object in the left window pane to display the status of the object in the right
windowpane. The following screen shows the status of Array 0---RAID 0.
C-19
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Click on the plus (+) symbol next to Array 0---RAID 0 to see the details of
each disk.
You may also use the same
Array 0---RAID 1.
C-20
o r
button to view the statuses of
VIA VT6420 Serial ATA RAID Introduction
Click on the plus (+) symbol next to Array 0---RAID 1 to see the details of
each disk.
C-21
The explanation for overspecification and overclocking
Appendix D:
The explanation for overspecification and
overclocking on Intel® 865PE chipset
The default specification of Intel® 865PE chipset is only able to support
FSB 400/533MHz CPU and DDR 266/333/400 DRAM technology. However,
we have spent engineering efforts to allow the overspecification and
overclocking of 865PE Neo2-P under certain conditions. Here is the information which could help you to achieve overclocking more easily.
Should you decide to overspec the mainboard, the following conditions
shall be satisfied in order to make overspecification possible.
1. Memory Speed/CPU FSB Overclocking Support Matrix
Memory DDR266
DDR333 DDR400 DDR433 DDR466 DDR500 DDR533
FSB
FSB400
OK
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
FSB533
OK
OK
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
FSB800
OK
OK
OK
OK *
OK *
OK *
OK*
*: Overclocking spec.
D-1
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
2. Configure BIOS settings
You also need to configure BIOS settings for overclocking.
A. In the “Frequency/Voltage Control”, configure “Dynamic OverClocking”
and “Performance Mode” to the settings you wish to overclock.
B. In the “Frequency/Voltage Control”, configure “DRAM Frequency” to
the setting you wish to overclock.
C If the frequency after overclocking is not stable, you may fine-tune the
settings of ‘CPU Voltage” and “DDR Power Voltage” by adjusting to a
higher value.
MSI Reminds You...
Please refer to p. 3-28 Frequency/Voltage Control for the details
of BIOS settings.
D-2
The explanation for overspecification and overclocking
3. System configuration and DDR 400/PC 3200 Qualified Memory Test List
When using DDR400 memory modules, a maximum of 2 DIMMs are
recommended. Please refer to the system configuration and DDR400/PC3200
DIMMs listed below for overclocking.
SW Info
Device Configuration
Table 1: System Configuration
System Configuration
Manufacturer Model No.
Processor
Intel
P4 2.6GHz
Memory
As Follows
VGA Card
MSI
MS-8894 v120
Lan Card
Onboard
Sound Card
Onboard
Hard Drive
IBM
Deskstar IC35L040AVVN07-0
CD-ROM
MSI
MS-8235M
Floppy Drive Teac
FD-235HF
Power Supply Delta
DPS-300KB-1A
Mouse
Logitech
PS2
Keyboard
BTC
5198 PS2
Monitor
ViewSonic
PS775 17"
VGA BIOS
4.28.20.05.11
VGA Driver
4.5.2.3
Spec.
800MHz
G4Ti4200 8X
40GB, ATA100
52X24X52X CD-R/CDRW
D-3
MS-6728 ATX Mainboard
Table 2: DDR433/466/500 Memory Test List
M odel
D-4
M em .
S iz e
DDR
M em o ry
S lo t
1
3
√
√
M em o ry
B a n d w id th
B en ch m a rk
OK
R .S .T
OK
Tw in M O S
M 2 G II0 8 A K AT T IF 0 8 3 S 9 T D
256M B
433
K in g sto n
K H X 3 5 0 0 /2 5 6
256M B
433
√
√
OK
OK
OCZ
O C Z433256EL
256M B
433
√
√
OK
OK
G e IL
G D 3 5 0 0 -5 1 2 D C
256M B
433
√
√
OK
OK
K in g sto n
K H X 3 5 0 0 /5 1 2
512M B
433
√
√
OK
OK
A D ATA
M D 0 A D H F 3 G 3 1 JB 1 F C 2
256M B
450
√
√
OK
OK
Tw in M O S
M 2 G G I0 8 A FAT T G F 0 8 11 D D T
256M B
466
√
√
OK
OK
OCZ
O C E 466256P
256M B
466
√
√
OK
OK
G e IL
G L 2563700P
256M B
466
√
√
OK
OK
G e IL
G D 3 7 0 0 -5 1 2 D C
256M B
466
√
√
OK
OK
T ra n sc e n d
T S32M LD 64V 2F
256M B
466
√
√
OK
OK
C O R S A IR
C M X 5 1 2 -3 7 0 0 X M S 3 7 0 0
512M B
466
√
√
OK
OK
T ra n sc e n d
T S64M LD 64V 2F
512M B
466
√
√
OK
OK
K in g sto n
K H X 4 0 0 0 /2 5 6
256M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
A D ATA
M D 0H Y 6F3G 31W B1EZZ
256M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
A D ATA
M D 0AD B F3G 31Y B 1G ZH
256M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
G e IL
G L5124000D C
256M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
G e IL
G D 4 0 0 0 -5 1 2 D C
256M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
T ra n sc e n d
T S32M LD 64V 5F
256M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
Tw in M O S
M 2 G H I0 8 A K AT T H F 0 8 3 S 9 D T
256M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
OCZ
H ig h P e rfo rm a n c e G o ld
256M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
K in g sto n
K H X 4 0 0 0 /5 1 2
512M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
A D ATA
M D 0AD B F3H 41Y B 1G ZH
512M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
G e IL
G L1G B 4000D C
512M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
T ra n sc e n d
T S64M LD 64V 5F
512M B
500
√
√
OK
OK
OCZ
H ig h P e rfo rm a n c e P re m ie r S e rie s
256M B
533
√
OK
OK
G e IL
M G L 1 6 U L 6 4 6 4 D 2 T G 3 5 -K D
256M B
533
√
OK
OK
√