Ryobi RY52014 Operator`s manual

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
TP30 GAS PRUNER
RY52014
Your pruner has been engineered and manufactured to our high standard for dependability, ease of operation, and operator
safety. When properly cared for, it will give you years of rugged, trouble-free performance.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of injury, the user must read and understand the operator’s manual before using
this product.
Thank you for your purchase.
SAVE THIS MANUAL FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
� General Safety Rules ....................................................................................................................................................... 3
� Specific Safety Rules....................................................................................................................................................... 4
� Symbols ........................................................................................................................................................................ 5-6
� Features ........................................................................................................................................................................... 7
� Assembly .................................................................................................................................................................... 8-10
� Operation .................................................................................................................................................................. 10-12
 Maintenance ............................................................................................................................................................. 13-17
 Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................................................. 18
 Warranty ................................................................................................................................................................... 19-21
� Parts Ordering / Service ................................................................................................................................................ 22
INTRODUCTION
This product has many features for making its use more pleasant and enjoyable. Safety, performance, and dependability
have been given top priority in the design of this product, making it easy to maintain and operate.
2
GENERAL SAFETY RULES
� Always stop the engine and remove the spark plug wire
before making any adjustments or repairs except for
carburetor adjustments.
WARNING!
Read and understand all instructions. Failure to follow
all instructions listed below, may result in electric shock,
fire and/or serious personal injury.
� Inspect the unit before each use for loose fasteners, fuel
leaks, etc. Replace any damaged parts before use.
� The chain may rotate during carburetor adjustments.
� It has been reported that vibrations from hand-held tools
may contribute to a condition called Raynaud’s Syndrome
in certain individuals. Symptoms may include tingling,
numbness and blanching of the fingers, usually apparent
upon exposure to cold. Hereditary factors, exposure to
cold and dampness, diet, smoking and work practices
are all thought to contribute to the development of these
symptoms. It is presently unknown what, if any, vibrations
or extent of exposure may contribute to the condition.
There are measures that can be taken by the operator to
possibly reduce the effects of vibration:
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS
 For safe operation, read and understand all instructions before using this product. Follow all safety instructions. Failure to follow all safety instructions listed below,
can result in serious personal injury.
� Do not allow children or untrained individuals to use this
unit.
 Never let anyone use the machine who has not received
adequate instructions in the machine’s proper use. This
applies to rentals as well as privately owned units and
also to the power head it is attached to.
a) Keep your body warm in cold weather. When operating the unit wear gloves to keep the hands and wrists
warm. It is reported that cold weather is a major factor
contributing to Raynaud’s Syndrome.
 Always wear safety glasses with side shields.
Everyday glasses have only impact resistant lenses. They
are NOT safety glasses. Following this rule will reduce
the risk of eye injury.
b) After each period of operation, exercise to increase
blood circulation.
 Product users on United States Forest Service land, and
in some states, must comply with fire prevention regulations. This product is equipped with a spark arrestor;
however, other user requirements may apply. Check with
your federal, state, or local authorities.
c) Take frequent work breaks. Limit the amount of exposure per day.
d) Keep the tool well maintained, fasteners tightened and
worn parts replaced.
 Wear heavy, long pants, boots, and gloves. Do not wear
loose fitting clothing, short pants, or go barefoot. Do not
wear jewelry of any kind.
If you experience any of the symptoms of this condition,
immediately discontinue use and see your physician
about these symptoms.
 Never operate this unit on the operator’s left side.
 Mix and store fuel in a container approved for gasoline.
 Secure long hair above shoulder level to prevent entanglement in moving parts.
 Mix fuel outdoors where there are no sparks or flames.
Wipe up any fuel spillage. Move 30 ft. away from refueling
site before starting engine.
 Keep all bystanders, children, and pets at least 50 ft.
away.
 Stop the engine and allow to cool before refueling or
storing the unit.
 Do not operate this unit when you are tired, ill, or under
the influence of alcohol, drugs, or medication.
 Allow the engine to cool, empty the fuel tank, and secure
the unit from moving before transporting in a vehicle.
 Do not operate in poor lighting.
 Do not operate in rain or use in damp or wet environments.
 Check for damaged parts. Before further use of the tool,
any part that is damaged should be carefully checked
to determine that it will operate properly and perform its
intended function. Check for alignment of moving parts,
binding of moving parts, breakage of parts, mounting,
and any other conditions that may affect its operation. A
guard or other part that is damaged should be properly
repaired or replaced by an authorized service dealer.
Following this rule will reduce the risk of shock, fire, or
serious injury.
 Keep firm footing and balance. Do not overreach. Overreaching can result in loss of balance or exposure to hot
surfaces.
 Keep all parts of your body away from any moving part.
 To avoid hot surfaces, never operate the unit with the
bottom of the engine above waist level.
 Do not touch area around the muffler or cylinder of the
unit. These parts get hot from operation. Failure to heed
this warning could result in possible serious personal
injury.
3
SPECIFIC SAFETY RULES
 To protect yourself from falling branches, do not stand directly under the branch or limb being cut. This unit should
not be held at an angle over 60° from ground level.
 Kickback is a dangerous reaction that can lead to serious
injury. Kickback may occur when the moving chain contacts an object at the upper portion of the tip of the guide
bar or when the wood closes in and pinches the chain
in the cut. Contact at the upper portion of the tip of the
guide bar can cause the chain to dig into the object and
stop the chain for an instant. The result is a lightning-fast,
reverse reaction which kicks the guide bar up and back
toward the operator. If the chain is pinched along the top
of the guide bar, the guide bar can be driven rapidly back
toward the operator, which can cause loss of control and
may result in serious injury. Do not rely exclusively upon
the safety devices built into the product.
 Keep the handles dry, clean, and free of oil or fuel mixture.
 Shut off the engine and make sure the cutting attachment
has stopped before setting the unit down.
 To prevent electrical shock or serious personal injury, do
not use this product with any AC power head.
 Follow the sharpening and maintenance instructions for
the saw chain.
 Use only the replacement guide bars and low kickback
chains specified for the unit.
With a basic understanding of kickback, you can reduce
or eliminate the element of surprise. Sudden surprise
contributes to accidents.
REFUELING
 Make sure that the area in which you are cutting is free
from obstructions. Do not let the nose of the guide bar
contact a log, branch, fence, or any other obstruction
while you are operating the unit.
 FUEL IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE. Take precautions when
using to reduce the chance of serious personal injury.
 Cut only when visibility and light are adequate for you to
see clearly.
 Store fuel in containers specifically designed for this
purpose.
 Do not use on a ladder or unstable support. Always cut
with both feet on solid ground to prevent being pulled off
balance.
 Only refuel outdoors and do not smoke while refueling.
 Store fuel in a cool, well-ventilated area, safely away from
spark and/or flame-producing equipment
 Add fuel before starting the engine. Never remove the cap
of the fuel tank or add fuel while the engine is running or
when the engine is hot.
 To protect yourself from electrocution, do not operate
within 50 feet of overhead electrical lines.
 If fuel is spilled, do not attempt to start the engine but
move the machine away from the area of spillage and
avoid creating any source of ignition until fuel vapors
have dissipated.
 Before starting the engine, make sure the chain is not
contacting any object.
 Always cut with the engine running at full speed. Fully
squeeze the throttle trigger and maintain a steady cutting
speed.
 Replace all fuel tank and container caps securely.
 If the fuel tank has to be drained, do this outdoors.
 Do not force tool. Use the correct tool for your application. The correct tool will do the job better and safer at
the rate for which it is designed.
4
SYMBOLS
Some of the following symbols may be used on this tool. Please study them and learn their meaning. Proper
interpretation of these symbols will allow you to operate the tool better and safer.
SYMBOL
NAME
DESIGNATION/EXPLANATION
Safety Alert
Precautions that involve your safety.
Read The Operator’s Manual
To reduce the risk of injury, user must read and
understand operator’s manual before using this
product.
Eye, Hearing, and Head Protection
Wear eye, hearing, and head protection when
operating this equipment.
Safety Footwear
Wear non-slip safety footwear when using this
equipment.
Gloves
Wear non-slip, heavy-duty protective gloves
when handling the pole pruner attachment and
the saw chain.
Moving Parts
Keep hands away from moving parts.
Keep Bystanders Away
Keep all bystanders at least 50 ft. (15 m) away.
Kickback
DANGER! Beware of kickback.
Hot Surfaces
Indicates HOT SURFACES. Keep all body parts
away from all hot surfaces.
Risk of Electrocution
DANGER! Risk of electrocution!
50
15
m
'
50' 15m
Use unleaded gasoline intended for motor vehicle
use with an octane rating of 87 [(R + M)/2] or higher.
This product is powered by a 2-cycle engine and
requires pre-mixing gasoline and 2-cycle oil.
Gasoline and Oil
5
SYMBOLS
The following signal words and meanings are intended to explain the levels of risk associated with this product.
SYMBOL
SIGNAL
MEANING
DANGER:
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
WARNING:
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, could
result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION:
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, may
result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION:
(Without Safety Alert Symbol) Indicates a situation that may result in
property damage.
SERVICE
Servicing requires extreme care and knowledge and should
be performed only by a qualified service technician. For
service we suggest you return the product to your nearest
AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER for repair. When servicing, use only identical replacement parts.
WARNING:
To avoid serious personal injury, do not attempt to use
this product until you read thoroughly and understand
completely the operator’s manual. Save this operator’s
manual and review frequently for continuing safe operation and instructing others who may use this product.
WARNING:
The operation of any power tool can result in foreign objects being thrown into your eyes, which can
result in severe eye damage. Before beginning power tool operation, always wear safety goggles or
safety glasses with side shields and, when needed, a full face shield. We recommend Wide Vision
Safety Mask for use over eyeglasses or standard safety glasses with side shields. Always use eye
protection which is marked to comply with ANSI Z87.1.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
6
FEATURES
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Engine Displacement ......................................................................................................................................................30cc
Bar length ....................................................................................................................................................................... 10 in.
Weight ............................................................................................................................................................................16 lb.
STARTER GRIP
CHAIN OILER
TANK CAP
ENGINE
SWITCH
“J” BARRIER
HANDLE
PRIMER BULB
PRUNER
ATTACHMENT
THROTTLE
TRIGGER
COUPLER
BAR
CHAIN
KNOB
SHOULDER
STRAP
EXTENSION
SHAFT
SCABBARD
COMBINATION
WRENCH
Fig. 1
KNOW YOUR PRUNER
SHOULDER STRAP
See Figure 1.
Before attempting to use this product, familiarize yourself
with all operating features and safety rules.
The shoulder strap helps support the weight of the pruner
during use.
START LEVER
ENGINE SWITCH
The start lever opens and closes the choke valve in the
carburetor.
The engine switch controls the ignition system. The switch
must be in the ON (I) position for the engine to start and
run.
STARTER GRIP
The starter grip is used for starting the engine.
“J” BARRIER HANDLE
THROTTLE TRIGGER
Using the J” Barrier handle allows better control of the pruner
to maximize operator safety.
The throttle trigger is used for starting the pruner, and also
for controlling blade rotation.
PRIMER BULB
The priming bulb pumps fuel from the fuel tank to the carburetor. This is necessary only when starting a cold engine
or after refueling an engine that has run out of fuel.
7
ASSEMBLY
ATTACHING THE “J” BARRIER HANDLE
UNPACKING
See Figure 2.
 Hold the top and bottom clamp snugly in position on the
shaft housing so that the handle will be located to the
operator’s left.
This product requires assembly.
 Carefully remove the tool and any accessories from the
box. Make sure that all items listed in the packing list are
included.
 Inspect the tool carefully to make sure no breakage or
damage occurred during shipping.
 Do not discard the packing material until you have carefully inspected and satisfactorily operated the tool.
 If any parts are damaged or missing, please call
1-800-860-4050 for assistance.
 Insert the end of the handle between the clamps.
 Align the bolt holes and push the long bolt (1/4-20 x
1-1/2 in.) through the handle side.
 Place short bolt (1/4-20 x 1 in.) through opposite side of
the clamp. Install the flat washer, lock washers, and hex
nuts to hold the assembly in place.
 After assembly is complete, adjust the position of the
handle for best balance and comfort.
PACKING LIST
Power Head Assembly
Pruner Attachment
Extension Shaft
Scabbard
Combination Wrench (5/8 in. x 3/4 in.)
8 oz. Bar and Chain Oil
Bottle of 2-cycle oil
Shoulder Strap Hanger (with mounting hardware)
Shoulder Strap
“J” Barrier Handle Assembly:
“J” Barrier Handle
Top and Bottom Clamp
Short Bolt
Long Bolt
Flat Washers (2)
Lock Washers (2)
Nuts (2)
Operator’s Manual
 Tighten the long bolt first and then the short bolt.
SHORT BOLT
LONG BOLT
CLAMP
WARNING:
“J” BARRIER
HANDLE
CLAMP
FLAT WASHER
If any parts are damaged or missing do not operate this
tool until the parts are replaced. Failure to heed this warning could result in serious personal injury.
HEX NUT
LOCK WASHER
Fig. 2
INSTALLING THE SHOULDER STRAP AND
HANGER
WARNING:
Do not attempt to modify this tool or create accessories not recommended for use with this tool. Any such
alteration or modification is misuse and could result in a
hazardous condition leading to possible serious personal
injury.
See Figure 3.
When operating this unit, you must wear a shoulder strap
to support the unit.
To install the shoulder strap hanger:
 Remove the hex nut, lock washer, and bolt from the
shoulder strap hanger.
WARNING:
 Pull apart the ends of the hanger to expand slightly.
 Slide the hanger over the power head shaft immediately
behind the “J” Barrier Handle.
To prevent accidental starting that could cause serious
personal injury, always disconnect the engine spark plug
wire from the spark plug when assembling parts.
 Squeeze hanger ends together to retighten.
8
ASSEMBLY
 Reinstall the bolt, lock washer, and hex nut to secure.
WARNING:
 Connect the latch on the shoulder harness to the strap
hanger.
“J” BARRIER
HANDLE
Be certain the knob is fully tightened before operating
equipment; check it periodically for tightness during use
to avoid serious injury.
SHOULDER
STRAP
To remove:
 Loosen the knob.
LATCH
 Push in the button and twist the shafts to remove and
separate ends.
BOLT
STRAP
HANGER
COUPLER
GUIDE
RECESS
POWER HEAD
SHAFT
BUTTON
LOCK NUT
NUT
BOLT
BOLT
NUT
FIG. A
LOCK
WASHER
FIG. B
Fig. 3
POSITIONING
HOLE
KNOB
EXTENSION SHAFT
CONNECTING THE POWER HEAD TO
THE EXTENSION SHAFT AND PRUNER
ATTACHMENT
Fig. 4
CHAIN OILER
See Figure 4.
The pruner attachment connects to the power head, or for
extra reach to an extension shaft, by means of a coupler
device.
To install the attachment:
 Loosen the knob on the coupler of the power head shaft
and remove the end cap from the attachment.
Add bar and chain oil in the chain oiler tank before starting
the engine of the power head. Refer to Chain Oiler in the
Maintenance section of this manual.
FUELING AND REFUELING THE PRUNER
FUEL MIXTURE
This product is powered by a 2-cycle engine and requires
pre-mixing gasoline and 2-cycle oil. Pre-mix unleaded
gasoline and 2-cycle engine oil in a clean 1 gallon container
approved for gasoline.
 This engine is certified to operate on unleaded gasoline
intended for automotive use.
 Push in the button located on the shaft of the pruner attachment. Align the button with the guide recess on the
extension shaft coupler and slide the two shafts together.
Rotate extension shaft until button locks into the positioning hole.
NOTE: The attachment should only be operated with the
blade in a vertical position. If the button does not release
completely in the positioning hole, the shaft is not locked
into place. Slightly rotate from side to side until the button
is locked into place.
 Mix high quality 2-cycle engine oil at 2.6 oz. per gallon.
 Do not use automotive oil or 2-cycle outboard oil.
 DO NOT mix quantities larger than usable in a 30-day
period.
 Tighten the knob securely.
PREMIUM EXACT MIX™ (50:1)
 Repeat previous steps to attach extension shaft to power
head.
GASOLINE
1 Gallon (US)
1 Liter
9
OIL
2.6 oz.
20 cc (20 ml)
ASSEMBLY
NOTE: It is normal for smoke to be emitted from a new
engine after first use.
FILLING TANK
 Clean surface around fuel cap to prevent contamination.
WARNING:
 Loosen fuel cap slowly. Rest the cap on a clean
surface.
Always shut off engine before fueling. Never add fuel to
a machine with a running or hot engine. Move at least
30 ft. from refueling site before starting the engine. Do
not smoke!
 Carefully pour fuel into the tank. Avoid spillage.
 Prior to replacing the fuel cap, clean and inspect the
gasket.
 Immediately replace fuel cap and hand tighten. Wipe up
any fuel spillage.
OPERATION
� Hold unit firmly with both hands. Always keep your left
hand on the front handle and your right hand on the rear
handle, so your body is to the left of the chain line. Never
use a left-handed (cross-handed) grip, or any stance that
places your body or arm across the chain line.
WARNING:
Do not allow familiarity with tools to make you careless. Remember that a careless fraction of a second is
sufficient to inflict serious injury.
� Never stand directly under the limb you are cutting.
� Always wear shoulder strap for increased safety and to
support the pruner.
WARNING:
 Be certain the knob is fully tightened before operating
equipment; check it periodically for tightness during use
to avoid serious injury.
Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with
side shields, a hard hat, and safety shoes when
operating tools. Failure to do so could result in
objects being thrown into your eyes, resulting in
possible serious injury.
BASIC CUTTING PROCEDURE
Follow the steps below to prevent damage to tree or shrub
bark. Do not use a back-and-forth sawing motion.
 Accelerate the engine to full throttle just before entering
the cut by squeezing the throttle trigger. Keep the engine
at full throttle the entire time you are cutting.
WARNING:
Do not use any attachments or accessories not recommended by the manufacturer of this tool. The use of
attachments or accessories not recommended can result
in serious personal injury.
 Make a shallow first cut (1/4 of limb diameter) on the
underside of the limb close to the main limb or trunk.
 Make a second cut from the top side of the limb outboard
from the first cut.
WARNING:
 Make a final cut close to trunk.
To avoid kickback, binding of the saw bar, and possible
injury, never cut limbs that the pruner does not reach
when supported by the shoulder strap.
LOAD
SECOND CUT
APPLICATIONS
You may use this tool for the purposes listed below:
 Limbing
 Pruning
FIRST CUT
1/4 DIAMETER
PREPARATION FOR CUTTING
See Figures 5 - 8.
 Wear non-slip gloves for maximum grip and protection.
FINAL CUT
� Maintain a proper grip on the unit whenever the engine is
running. Use your right hand to firmly grip the rear handle
while your left hand has a firm grip on the front handle.
Fig. 5
10
OPERATION
N
� OTE: For second and final cuts (from top of limb or branch),
hold front cutting guide against the limb being cut. This will
help steady the limb and make it easier to cut. Allow chain to
cut for you; exert only light downward pressure. If you force
the cut, damage to the bar, chain, or engine can result.
 Release the trigger as soon as the cut is completed, allowing the engine to idle. If you run the pruner at full throttle
without a cutting load, unnecessary wear or damage can
occur to the chain, bar, and engine.
60° MAXIMUM
CUTTING GUIDE
Fig. 7
Fig. 6
 Work slowly, keeping both hands on the saw with a firm
grip. Maintain secure footing and balance.
Failure to follow proper cutting procedures will result in the
bar and chain binding and becoming pinched or trapped in
the limb. If this should happen:
 Stop the engine.
 Keep the tree between you and the chain while limbing.
Cut from side of tree opposite branch you are cutting.
� Do not cut from a ladder; this is extremely dangerous.
Leave this operation for professionals.
 Loosen the knob on the coupler.
� Do not to make the flush cut next to the main limb or trunk
until you have cut off the limb further out to reduce the
weight. Following proper cutting procedures will prevent
stripping the bark from the main member.
 Depress the button on the shaft; twist and pull the shafts
to separate the pruner from the power head.
 If the limb can be reached from the ground, lift the limb
while holding the attachment. This should release the
“pinch” and free the pruner.
� Do not use the pruner for felling or bucking.
 If the pruner is still trapped, call a professional for assistance.
� To prevent electrocution, do not operate within 50 ft. of
overhead electrical lines.
LIMBING AND PRUNING
� Keep bystanders at least 50 ft. away.
See Figures 8 - 9.
This unit is designed for trimming small branches and limbs
up to 6 in. in diameter. For best results, observe the following precautions.
 Plan the cut carefully. Be aware of the direction in which
the branch will fall.
 Branches may fall in unexpected directions. Do not stand
directly under the branch being cut.
 The most typical cutting application is to position the unit
at an angle of 60° or less, depending on the specific situation, as shown below. As the angle of the pruner shaft
to ground increases, the difficulty of making the first cut
(from the underside of limb) increases.
Fig. 8
� Remove long branches in several stages.
� Cut lower branches first to allow the top branches more
room to fall.
11
OPERATION
POSITION FOR STARTING
PRIMER BULB
See Figure 9.
Lay the pruner on the ground and ensure that no objects or
obstructions are in the immediate vicinity. Make sure nothing
can come in contact with the bar and chain.
STARTER GRIP
ENGINE
SWITCH
STARTING
INSTRUCTION
LABEL
Fig. 9
STARTING AND STOPPING
See Figures 10 - 12.
TO START A COLD ENGINE:
DO NOT squeeze the throttle trigger until the engine starts
and runs.
� Lay the trimmer on a flat, bare surface.
THROTTLE
TRIGGER
Fig. 11
� PRIME - Press the primer bulb 7 times.
� SET the start lever to the START position.
� PULL the rope until the engine starts.
� Allow the engine to run for 6-10 seconds.
RUN
� Squeeze trigger lock and throttle trigger.
NOTE: Squeezing the throttle trigger releases the start lever
to the RUN position.
TO START A WARM ENGINE:
PULL the rope until the engine starts.
TO STOP THE ENGINE:
Press and hold the switch in the stop “
engine stops.
” position until the
START
ENGINE
SWITCH
Fig. 12
TRIGGER
LOCK
THROTTLE
TRIGGER
Fig. 10
12
MAINTENANCE
 Stop the engine before setting the chain tension. Make
sure the guide bar nut is loose to finger tight, turn the
chain tensioning screw clockwise to tension the chain.
Refer to Replacing the Bar and Chain for additional
information.
WARNING:
When servicing, use only identical replacement parts.
Use of any other parts may create a hazard or cause
product damage.
NOTE: A cold chain is correctly tensioned when there is
no slack on the underside of the guide bar, the chain is
snug, but it can be turned by hand without binding.
WARNING:
 Chain must be re-tensioned whenever the flats on the
drive links hang out of the bar groove as shown in fig.
13.
Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side
shields during power tool operation or when blowing
dust. If operation is dusty, also wear a dust mask.
 During normal operation, the temperature of the chain will
increase. The drive links of a correctly tensioned warm
chain will hang approximately .050 in. (1.25 mm) out of
the bar groove, as shown in fig. 14.
WARNING:
Before inspecting, cleaning or servicing the unit (except
for carburetor adjustments), shut off engine, wait for all
moving parts to stop, and disconnect spark plug wire
and move it away from spark plug. Failure to follow
these instructions can result in serious personal injury or
property damage.
NOTE: New chain tends to stretch; check chain tension
frequently and tension as required.
CAUTION:
Chain tensioned while warm, may be too tight upon cooling. Check the “cold tension” before next use.
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Avoid using solvents when cleaning plastic parts. Most
plastics are susceptible to damage from various types of
commercial solvents and may be damaged by their use. Use
clean cloths to remove dirt, dust, oil, grease, etc.
FLATS
WARNING:
Do not at any time let brake fluids, gasoline, petroleumbased products, penetrating oils, etc., come in contact
with plastic parts. Chemicals can damage, weaken, or
destroy plastic, which may result in serious personal injury.
Fig. 13
Only the parts shown on the parts list are intended to be
repaired or replaced by the customer. All other parts should
be replaced at an authorized service center.
CHAIN TENSION
See Figures 13 - 14.
WARNING:
To avoid possible serious injury, never touch or adjust the
chain while the motor is running. The saw chain is very
sharp; always wear protective gloves when performing
maintenance to the chain.
APPROX .050 IN. (1.25 mm)
13
Fig. 14
MAINTENANCE
REPLACING THE BAR
 Remove all slack from chain by turning the chain tensioning screw clockwise, assuring that the chain seats into
the bar groove during tensioning.
See Figures 15 - 20.
 Lift the tip of the bar up to check for sag. Release the tip
of the bar, and turn the chain tensioning screw 1/2 turn
clockwise. Repeat this process until sag does not exist.
WARNING:
To avoid possible serious injury, stop engine before replacing the bar, chain, or performing any maintenance
operation.
 Hold the tip of the bar up and tighten the bar nut securely.
 Chain is correctly tensioned when there is no slack on
the underside of the bar, the chain is snug, but it can be
turned by hand without binding.
 Remove the bar nut and drivecase cover.
 The bar contains a bar stud slot that fits over the bar stud.
The bar also contains a chain tensioning pin hole which
fits over the chain tensioning pin.
 Place the bar onto the bar stud so that the chain tensioning pin fits into the chain tensioning pin hole.
 Fit the chain over the sprocket and into the bar groove.
The cutters on the top of the bar should face toward the
bar tip, in the direction of the chain rotation.
 Replace the side case cover and install the bar nut.
Tighten the bar nut finger tight only. The bar must be free
to move for tension adjustment.
CHAIN
BAR
BAR NUT
NOTE: If chain is too tight, it will not rotate. Loosen the
bar nut slightly and turn adjusting screw 1/4 turn counterclockwise. Lift the tip of the bar up and retighten bar nut.
CHAIN
CHAIN ROTATION
SPROCKET
DRIVECASE
COVER
BAR NUT
Fig. 15
Fig. 18
DRIVECASE
COVER
CHAIN
TENSIONING SCREW
CHAIN
TENSIONING PIN
BAR NUT
Fig. 16
BAR STUD
Fig. 19
BAR
BAR NUT
BAR STUD SLOT
SPROCKET
CHAIN TENSIONING
Fig. 17
PIN HOLE
Fig. 20
14
MAINTENANCE
IDLE SPEED ADJUSTMENT
CHAIN OILER TANK
See Figure 21.
If the chain turns at idle, the idle speed screw needs adjusting
on the engine. Turn the idle speed screw counterclockwise
to reduce the idle RPM and stop the chain movement. If
the saw chain still moves at idle speed, contact a service
dealer for adjustment and discontinue use until the repair
is made.
REPLACE
CAP
WARNING:
The saw chain should never turn at idle. Turn the idle
speed screw counterclockwise to reduce the idle RPM
and stop the chain, or contact a service dealer for adjustment and discontinue use until the repair is made.
Serious personal injury may result from the saw chain
turning at idle.
REMOVE
CAP
Fig. 22
CHAIN MAINTENANCE
See Figure 23.
For smooth and fast cutting, the chain needs to be maintained properly. The following conditions indicate that the
chain requires sharpening:
 Wood chips are small and powdery
 Chain must be forced through the wood during cutting
 Chain cuts to one side
During maintenance of the chain, consider the following:
 Improper filing angle of the side plate can increase the
risk of a severe kickback.
 Depth gauge (or raker clearance) setting determines the
height the cutter enters the wood and the size of the wood
chip that is removed. Too much clearance increases the
potential for kickback. Too little clearance decreases the
size of the wood chip thus decreasing the chain's cutting
ability.
IDLE
SPEED SCREW
Fig. 21
CHAIN OILER
 If cutter teeth have hit hard objects such as nails and
stones, or have been abraded by mud or sand on the
wood, have service dealer sharpen chain.
See Figure 22.
 Use Premium Bar and Chain Oil. It is designed for chains
and chain oilers and is formulated to perform over a wide
temperature range with no dilution required.
RAKER (DEPTH GAUGE) CLEARANCE
 Remove the cap and carefully pour approximately 8 oz.
of bar and chain oil into the chain oiler tank.
 Replace the cap and tighten securely.
.025 in.
(0.6 mm)
 Check and refill the chain oiler tank every time the engine
is fueled.
Fig. 23
NOTE: Do not use dirty, used or otherwise contaminated
oils. Damage may occur to the oil pump, bar, or chain.
15
MAINTENANCE
 Put a few firm strokes on every tooth. File all left hand
cutters in one direction. Then move to the other side and
file the right hand cutters in the opposite direction. Occasionally remove filings from the file with a wire brush.
HOW TO SHARPEN THE CUTTERS
See Figures 24 - 27.
Be careful to file all cutters to the specified angles and to
the same length, as fast cutting can be obtained only when
all cutters are uniform.
LEFT HAND
CUTTERS
PARTS OF A CUTTER
TOP PLATE
CUTTING CORNER
SIDE PLATE
DEPTH GAUGE
RIVET HOLE
RIGHT HAND
CUTTERS
HEEL
GULLET
TOE
Fig. 24
Fig. 27
 Tighten the chain tension enough that the chain does not
wobble. Do all of your filing at the mid-point of the bar.
Wear gloves for protection.
CAUTION:
 Use a 5/32 in. diameter round file and holder.
Dull or improperly sharpened chain can cause excessive
engine speed during cutting which may result in severe
engine damage.
 Keep the file level with the top plate of the tooth. Do not
let the file dip or rock.
WARNING:
Improper chain sharpening increases the potential of
kickback. Failure to replace or repair damaged chain can
cause serious injury.
CLEANING THE EXHAUST PORT AND
MUFFLER
Depending on the type of fuel used, the type and amount of
oil used, and/or your operating conditions, the exhaust port
and muffler may become blocked with carbon deposits. If
you notice a power loss with your gas powered tool, a qualified service technician will need to remove these deposits
to restore performance.
Fig. 25
 Using light but firm pressure, stroke towards the front
corner of the tooth. Lift file away from the steel on each
return stroke.
SPARK ARRESTOR
The spark arrestor must be cleaned or replaced every 25 hours
or yearly to ensure proper performance of your product. For
the location of the spark arrestor and specific cleaning instructions, contact your nearest authorized service center.
Fig. 26
16
MAINTENANCE
REPLACING AND CLEANING AIR FILTER
See Figure 28.
For proper performance and long life, keep air filter clean.
 Remove the air filter cover by pushing down on the latch
with your thumb while gently pulling on the cover.
LATCH
AIR FILTER
 Remove the filter, clean it in warm soapy water. Rinse
and let dry completely. For best performance, replace
annually.
 Reinstall the filter.
 Replace the air filter cover by inserting the tabs on the
bottom of the cover into the slots on the air filter base;
push the cover up until it latches securely in place.
AIR FILTER
COVER
FUEL CAP
Fig. 28
WARNING:
A leaking fuel cap is a fire hazard and must be replaced
immediately.
The fuel cap contains a non-serviceable filter and a check
valve. A clogged fuel filter will cause poor engine performance.
If performance improves when the fuel cap is loosened,
check valve may be faulty or filter clogged. Replace fuel
cap if required.
Fig. 29
SPARK PLUG
This engine uses a Champion RCJ4 with .025 in. electrode
gap. Use an exact replacement and replace annually.
STORAGE (1 MONTH OR LONGER)
See Figure 29.
 Drain all fuel from tank into a container approved for
gasoline. Run engine until it stops.
 Clean all foreign material from the trimmer. Store it in a
well-ventilated place that is inaccessible to children. Keep
away from corrosive agents such as garden chemicals
and de-icing salts.
 Abide by all ISO and local regulations for the safe storage
and handling of gasoline. Excess fuel should be used up
in other 2-cycle engine powered equipment.
� Always place the sheath on the saw bar when transporting
or storing the pruner. The sheath is a snug fit and must
be attached very carefully due to the sharp teeth on the
saw chain. This is best done by grasping the sheath at
one end, in the center portion of the sheath, and carefully
sliding it over the chain as shown below. Use caution to
avoid the sharp teeth of the chain.
17
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine will not start.
No spark.
Check spark. Remove spark plug. Reattach the spark plug cap and
lay spark plug on metal cylinder. Pull the starter rope and watch
for spark at spark plug tip. If there is no spark, repeat test with a
new spark plug.
No fuel.
Push primer bulb until bulb is full of fuel. If bulb does not fill, primary
fuel delivery system is blocked. Contact a servicing dealer. If primer
bulb fills, engine may be flooded, proceed to next item.
Engine is flooded.
Pull starter three times with choke lever at “RUN”. If engine does
not start, move choke lever to “START” and repeat normal starting
procedure. If engine still fails to start, repeat procedure with a new
spark plug.
Starter rope pulls harder
now than when new.
Contact a servicing dealer.
Engine starts but will
not accelerate.
Engine requires approximately three minutes to
warm up.
Allow engine to completely warm up. If engine does not accelerate
after three minutes, contact a servicing dealer.
Engine starts but will
only run at high speed
at half choke.
Carburetor requires
adjustment.
Contact a servicing dealer.
Engine does not reach
full speed and emits
excessive smoke.
Check oil fuel mixture.
Use fresh fuel and the correct 2-cycle oil mix.
Air filter is dirty.
Clean air filter. Refer to Replacing and Cleaning Air Filter earlier
in this manual.
Spark arrestor screen is
dirty.
Contact a servicing dealer.
Engine starts, runs,
and accelerates but
will not idle.
I d l e s p e e d s c re w o n
carburetor
Turn idle speed screw clockwise to increase idle speed.
Bar and chain running
hot and smoking.
Check chain tension for
overtight condition
Tension chain. Refer to Chain Tension earlier in this manual.
Chain oil tank empty
Check oil tank.
Chain tension too tight.
Retension chain. Refer to Chain Tension earlier in this manual.
Check guide bar and chain
assembly.
Refer to Replacing the Bar and Chain earlier in this manual.
Check guide bar and chain
for damage.
Inspect guide bar and chain for damage.
Motor runs, but chain
is not rotating.
18
WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY STATEMENT
B. Wear items – Bump Knobs, Outer Spools, Cutting
Lines, Inner Reels, Starter Pulleys, Starter Ropes, Drive
Belts, Tines, Felt Washers, Hitch Pins, Mulching Blades,
Blower Fans, Blower and Vacuum Tubes, Vacuum Bag
and Straps, Guide Bars, Saw Chains
Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., warrants to the
original retail purchaser that this RYOBI® brand outdoor
product is free from defect in material and workmanship
and agrees to repair or replace, at Techtronic Industries
North America, Inc.’s, discretion, any defective product
free of charge within these time periods from the date of
purchase.
� Two years if the product is used for personal, family or
household use;
Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., reserves the
right to change or improve the design of any RYOBI® brand
outdoor product without assuming any obligation to modify
any product previously manufactured.
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED IN DURATION
TO THE STATED WARRANTY PERIOD. ACCORDINGLY,
ANY SUCH IMPLIED WARRANTIES INCLUDING
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, OR OTHERWISE, ARE DISCLAIMED IN
THEIR ENTIRETY AFTER THE EXPIRATION OF THE
APPROPRIATE TWO-YEAR, ONE-YEAR, OR NINETYDAY WARRANTY PERIOD. TECHTRONIC INDUSTRIES
NORTH AMERICA, INC.’S, OBLIGATION UNDER THIS
WARRANTY IS STRICTLY AND EXCLUSIVELY LIMITED TO
THE REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF DEFECTIVE PARTS
AND TECHTRONIC INDUSTRIES NORTH AMERICA,
INC., DOES NOT ASSUME OR AUTHORIZE ANYONE
TO ASSUME FOR THEM ANY OTHER OBLIGATION.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW
LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE ABOVE
LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. TECHTRONIC
INDUSTRIES NORTH AMERICA, INC., ASSUMES NO
RESPONSIBILITY FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL,
OR OTHER DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, EXPENSE OF RETURNING THE PRODUCT TO AN
AUTHORIZED RYOBI SERVICE CENTER AND EXPENSE
OF DELIVERING IT BACK TO THE OWNER, MECHANIC’S
TRAVEL TIME, TELEPHONE OR TELEGRAM CHARGES,
RENTAL OF A LIKE PRODUCT DURING THE TIME
WARRANTY SERVICE IS BEING PERFORMED, TRAVEL,
LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PERSONAL PROPERTY, LOSS
OF REVENUE, LOSS OF USE OF THE PRODUCT,
LOSS OF TIME, OR INCONVENIENCE. SOME STATES
DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE
ABOVE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY
TO YOU.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
This warranty applies to all RYOBI® brand outdoor products
manufactured by or for Techtronic Industries North America,
Inc., and sold in the United States and Canada.
To locate your nearest Authorized Ryobi Service Center,
dial 1-800-860-4050.
� 90 days, if used for any other purpose, such as commercial or rental.
This warranty extends to the original retail purchaser
only and commences on the date of the original retail
purchase.
Any part of this product found in the reasonable judgment
of Techtronic Industries North America, Inc. to be defective
in material or workmanship will be repaired or replaced
without charge for parts and labor by an authorized service
center for RYOBI® brand outdoor products (Authorized
Ryobi Service Center).
The product, including any defective part, must be returned
to an authorized RYOBI service center within the warranty
period. The expense of delivering the product to the service
center for warranty work and the expense of returning it
back to the owner after repair or replacement will be paid
by the owner. Techtronic Industries North America, Inc.’s,
responsibility in respect to claims is limited to making the
required repairs or replacements and no claim of breach of
warranty shall be cause for cancellation or rescission of the
contract of sale of any RYOBI® brand outdoor product. Proof
of purchase will be required by the dealer to substantiate
any warranty claim. All warranty work must be performed
by an authorized service dealer.
This warranty is limited to ninety (90) days from the date
of original retail purchase for any RYOBI® brand outdoor
product that is used for rental or commercial purposes, or
any other income-producing purpose.
This warranty does not cover any product that has been
subject to misuse, neglect, negligence, or accident, or that
has been operated in any way contrary to the operating
instructions as specified in this operator’s manual. This
warranty does not apply to any damage to the product that
is the result of improper maintenance or to any product
that has been altered or modified. The warranty does not
extend to repairs made necessary by normal wear or by the
use of parts or accessories which are either incompatible
with the RYOBI® brand outdoor product or adversely affect
its operation, performance, or durability.
In addition, this warranty does not cover:
A. Tune-ups – Spark Plugs, Carburetor, Carburetor Adjustments, Ignition, Filters
19
WARRANTY
THE FOLLOWING CALIFORNIA AIR RESOURCES BOARD (CARB) STATEMENT ONLY APPLIES
TO MODEL NUMBERS REQUIRED TO MEET THE CARB REQUIREMENTS.
TECHTRONIC INDUSTRIES NORTH AMERICA, INC., LIMITED WARRANTY
FEDERAL AND CALIFORNIA EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS NON-ROAD AND SMALL
OFF-ROAD ENGINES
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the California Air Resources Board (CARB), and Techtronic Industries North America, Inc.,
are pleased to explain the Emission Control System Warranty on your non-road or small off-road engine. In California, new small off-road
engines must be designed, built, and equipped to meet the state’s stringent anti-smog standards. In other states, new 2000 and later model
year non-road engines must be designed, built, and equipped at the time of sale to meet the U.S. EPA regulations for small non-road engines.
The non-road engine must be free from defects in materials and workmanship which cause it to fail to conform with U.S. EPA standards for
the first two years of engine use from the date of sale to the ultimate purchaser. Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., must warrant the
emission control system on your non-road or small off-road engine for the period of time listed above provided there has been no abuse,
neglect, or improper maintenance of your non-road or small off-road engine.
Your emission control system may include parts such as the carburetor or fuel injection system, the ignition system, and the catalytic converter. Also included may be hoses, belts and connectors, and other emission-related assemblies.
Where a warrantable condition exists, Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., will repair your non-road or small off-road engine at no
cost to you, including diagnosis (if the diagnostic work is performed at an authorized service center for RYOBI® brand outdoor products),
parts, and labor.
MANUFACTURER’S WARRANTY COVERAGE:
The 1995 and later small off-road engines are warranted for two years in California. In other states, 1997 and later model year non-road
engines are also warranted for two years. If any emission-related part on your engine is defective, the part will be repaired or replaced by
Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., free of charge.
OWNER’S WARRANTY RESPONSIBILITIES
(a) As the non-road or small off-road engine owner, you are responsible for the performance of required maintenance listed in your operator’s
manual. Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., recommends that you retain all receipts covering maintenance on your non-road or
small off-road engine, but Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., cannot deny warranty solely for the lack of receipts or for your
failure to ensure the performance of all scheduled maintenance. Any replacement part or service that is equivalent in performance and
durability may be used in non-warranty maintenance or repairs, and shall not reduce the warranty obligations of the engine manufacturer.
(b) As the non-road or small off-road engine owner, you should be aware, however, that Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., may deny you
warranty coverage if your non-road or small off-road engine or a part has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance, or unapproved modifications.
(c) You are responsible for presenting your non-road or small off-road engine to an authorized service dealer as soon as a problem exists.
The warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable amount of time, not to exceed 30 days.
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, you should contact a Techtronic Industries North America,
Inc., Customer Representative at 1-800-860-4050.
COVERAGE:
Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., warrants to the ultimate purchaser and each subsequent purchaser that your non-road or small
off-road engine will be designed, built, and equipped at the time of sale, to meet all applicable regulations. Techtronic Industries North
America, Inc., also warrants to the initial purchaser and each subsequent purchaser that your non-road or small off-road engine is free from
defects in materials and workmanship which cause the engine to fail to conform with applicable regulations for a period of two years. The
1995 and later small off-road engines are warranted for two years in California. In all other states for 1997 and later model years, EPA requires
manufacturers to warrant non-road engines for two years. These warranty periods will begin on the date the non-road or small off-road
engine is purchased by the initial purchaser. If any emission-related part on your engine is defective, the part will be replaced by Techtronic
Industries North America, Inc., at no cost to the owner.
Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., shall remedy warranty defects at any authorized RYOBI engine dealer or warranty station. Any authorized work done at an authorized dealer or warranty station shall be free of charge to the owner if such work determines that a warranted part is defective. Any manufacturer-approved or equivalent replacement part may be used for any warranty
maintenance or repairs on emission-related parts, and must be provided free of charge to the owner if the part is still under warranty. Techtronics North America, Inc., is liable for damages to other engine components caused by the failure of a warranted part still under warranty.
The California Air Resources Board’s Emission Warranty Parts List specifically defines the emission-related warranted parts. (EPA’s regulations do not include a parts list, but EPA considers emission-related warranted parts to include all the parts listed below.)
These warranted parts are: Carburetor, Spark Plug, Ignition, Air Filter, and Fuel Filter.
MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS
The owner is responsible for the performance of the required maintenance as defined by Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., in the
operator’s manual.
LIMITATIONS
The Emission Control Systems Warranty shall not cover any of the following:
(a) repair or replacement required because of misuse or neglect, lack of required maintenance, repairs improperly performed, or replacements not conforming to Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., specifications that adversely affect performance and/or durability,
and alterations or modifications not recommended or approved in writing by Techtronic Industries North America, Inc., and
(b) replacement of parts and other services and adjustments necessary for required maintenance at and after the first scheduled replacement point.
The Emissions Compliance Period referred to on the Emissions Compliance label indicates the number of operating hours for which the
engine has been shown to meet Federal emission requirements. Category C=50 hours, B=125 hours, and A=300 hours.
20
WARRANTY
THIS PRODUCT WAS MANUFACTURED WITH A CATALYST MUFFLER
Congratulations! You have made an investment toward protecting the environment. In order to maintain this product’s
original emission level, please refer to the maintenance schedule below.
EMISSIONS MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE AND WARRANTED PARTS LIST
Emissions Parts
Inspect Before
Each Use
Clean Every
5 Hours
Replace
Every 25 Hours
or Yearly
Clean Every
25 Hours
or Yearly
Replace Every
50 Hours
CATALYTIC MUFFLER ASSEMBLY ................................................................................................................... X
AIR FILTER ASSY
includes:
Filter ................................................................. X ............................. X
SPARK SCREEN .................................................................................................................. X
CARBURETOR ASSY
includes:
Heat Dam
Gaskets
FUEL TANK ASSY
includes:
Fuel Lines ........................ X
Fuel Cap .......................... X
Fuel Filter
IGNITION ASSY
includes:
Spark Plug........................................................................................ X
ALL EMISSIONS RELATED PARTS ARE WARRANTED FOR TWO YEARS OR FOR THE PERIOD OF TIME PRIOR TO
THE PARTS FIRST SCHEDULED REPLACEMENT WHICHEVER COMES FIRST.
CALL US FIRST
CALL
1-800-860-40
50
For any questions about operating or maintaining your product,
call the Ryobi® Help Line!
Your product has been fully tested prior to shipment to ensure
your complete satisfaction.
21
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
TP30 GAS PRUNER
RY52014
WARNING:
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65
• SERVICE
Now that you have purchased your tool, should a need ever exist for repair parts or service,
simply contact your nearest Authorized Service Center. Be sure to provide all pertinent
facts when you call or visit. Please call 1-800-860-4050 for your nearest Authorized
Service Center. You can also check our web site at www.ryobitools.com for a complete
list of Authorized Service Centers.
• MODEL NO. AND SERIAL NO.
The model number of this tool will be found on a plate attached to the motor housing.
Please record the model number and serial number in the space provided below.
• HOW TO ORDER REPAIR PARTS
When ordering repair parts, always give the following information:
•
MODEL NUMBER
•
SERIAL NUMBER
RY52014
Ryobi® is a registered trademark of Ryobi Limited used under license.
TECHTRONIC INDUSTRIES NORTH AMERICA, INC.
1428 Pearman Dairy Road, Anderson, SC 29625
Phone 1-800-860-4050
www.ryobitools.com
983000-882
11-29-05 (REV:00)