Baja BA 250 Owner`s manual

BA 250 ATV
Read this manual carefully. It contains important safety information.
No one under the age of 16 should operate this ATV
OWNER’S MANUAL
Minimum Age Requirement 16
REV B
012809
For More information on ATV Safety Contact
the Baja ATV Safety Hotline at: 866-260-8630
Always wear a helmet; It could save your Life!
Please obtain, review, and follow provincial / municipal government acts and regulations pertaining to owning
and operating an off-road vehicle.
I
“YOUR ATV CAN BE HAZARDOUS TO OPERATE. A
collision or rollover can occur quickly, even during
routine maneuvers such as turning and driving on hills or
over obstacles, if you fail to take proper precautions.
For your safety, understand and follow all the warnings
contained in this owner’s manual and the labels on your
vehicle. Failure to follow these warning can result in
SEVER INJURY OR DEATH.
Keep the owner’s manual with your vehicle at all times.”
!
WARNING
Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV.
Failure to supervise children under 16 on ATV models intended for their use.
Use by children of ATVs that are not recommended for their age can lead to severe
injury or death of the child.
Even though a child may be within the age group for which an ATV is recommended,
he or she may not have the skills, abilities, or judgement needed to operate the ATV
safely and may be involved in a serious accident.
Category Y (Youth Model) ATV. An ATV of appropriate size intended for recreational
use under adult supervision by an operator under age 16. Youth model ATVs can
further be categorized as follows:
Category Y-6+ ATV. A Category Y-6+ ATV is a youth model ATV that is intended for
use by children age 6 or older
Category Y-10+ ATV. A Category Y-10+ ATV is a youth model ATV that is intended for
use by children age 10 or older.
Category Y-12+ ATV. A Category Y-12+ ATV is a youth model ATV that is intended for
use by children age 12 or older.
Category T (Transitional Model) ATV. A Category T ATV is an ATV of appropriate
size that is intended for recreational use by an operator age 14 or older under adult
supervision, or by an operator age 16 or older.
II
Congratulations on your purchase of the BA250 ATV.
It is warranted to be free of manufacturing defects in material and
workmanship for a period of 90 days from the date of purchase.
During the warranty period BAJA INC. will at its option, repair,
provide replacement parts or replace your BAJA INC. BA250 ATV
at no charge. This warranty does not cover normal wear items or
damage caused by neglect or misuse of the product.
Engine Warranty – 90 days
Frame Warranty – 90 days
Warranty is void if:
Frame is bent or broken due to abuse
Wheels are bent or broken
Fender bent or broken due to abuse
Any sign of impact, accident, jumping, spin-outs or roll over.
BAJA, INC. is not liable for any damage claim or liability claim person
or otherwise resulting from the operation of this product in any way.
Should you experience a problem with your vehicle, please call Baja Inc.
customer service line toll free at 1-888-863-2252 between the hours of
7am and 5pm Monday through Friday MST (Mountain Standard Time).
MDT (Mountain Daylight Time) during the daylight saving time. You will be
instructed how to proceed.
A COPY OF THE SALES RECEIPT IS REQUIRED.
III
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State
of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65
WARNING
Operation of this ATV by children under age 16 can be hazardous.
Use by children under age 16 can lead to their severe injury or death.
Children under age 16 may not have the size, strength, skills or judgment
needed to operate this ATV safely.
Do not allow any child under age 16 to ride this ATV.
WARNING
Operating this ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs can be hazardous.
Alcohol and drugs could seriously affect your judgment and cause you
to react more slowly. They can also affect your balance and perception.
Operating this ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs can result in an
accident.
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while riding this ATV.
!
WARNING
This manual should be considered a permanent
part of the vehicle and should remain with the
vehicle when resold or otherwise transferred
to a new user or operator. The manual contains
important safety information and instructions
which should be read carefully before operating
the vehicle.
IV
BA150
Gas Cap vent
hose
Gas Cap
Seat
Front Tire
Rear shock
Shift
Lever
Fuel Shut off
Valve
Oil Filter
Choke
Rear Tire
[Left]
Headlight
Tail Light
Front shocks
Muffler
6
Brake foot
Oil cap Lever Carburetor
[Right]
V
SAFETY
Please read this manual and follow all instructions carefully. To emphasize the
special information, the symbol and the words WARNING or CAUTION have
some special meanings. Pay attention to the messages.
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in
death or injury.
CAUTION
Indicates a potential hazard that could result in
vehicle damage.
NOTE: Indicating special information which is to make maintenance easier or
instructions clearer.
WARNING and CAUTION are arranged like this:
WARNING-or-CAUTION
The first part will identify a POTENTIAL HAZARD.
The second part will describe WHAT COULD HAPPEN if
you ignore the WARNING or CAUTION.
The third part will describe HOW TO AVOID THE
HAZARD.
This user’s manual contains important safety and maintenance information. Read
it carefully before riding. Failing to follow the warnings contained in this manual
could result in INJURY or DEATH.
It is important that this manual remain with the vehicle when you transfer it to
another user or owner.
All information, illustrations, photographs and specifications contained in
this manual are based on the latest product information available at the time
of publication. Due to improvements or other changes, there will be some
discrepancies in this manual. We reserve the right to make product changes at
any time, without notice and without incurring any obligation to make the same
or similar changes to the vehicle previously built or sold.
VI
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY................................................................................................................3
IMPORTANT................................................................................................3
FOREWORD................................................................................................3
NOTICE TO THE USER...............................................................................4
FUEL AND OIL......................................................................................................7
LOCATION OF LABELS.......................................................................................8
CONTROL FUNCTIONS......................................................................................11
NEUTRAL INDICATOR LIGHT AND MAIN KEY SWITCH..........................11
LEFT HANDLEBAR......................................................................................12
RIGHT HANDLEBAR....................................................................................13
REAR BRAKE FOOT LEVER.......................................................................13
FUEL VALVE.................................................................................................14
FUEL TANK CAP..........................................................................................14
SEAT LOCK..................................................................................................15
RIDING YOUR ATV...............................................................................................16
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW BEFORE RIDING.........................................16
INSPECTION BEFORE RIDING...................................................................17
BREAK-IN.....................................................................................................19
SAFETY GEAR.............................................................................................21
STARTING THE ENGINE..............................................................................24
SHIFTING......................................................................................................25
STARTING OFF............................................................................................26
BRAKING......................................................................................................27
TURNING......................................................................................................28
OPERATION ON HILLS................................................................................29
CLIMBING A HILL..........................................................................29
DESCENDING A HILL....................................................................30
RIDING OVER OBSTACLES........................................................................32
SKIDDING OR SLIDING...............................................................................33
RIDING THROUGH WATER.........................................................................34
RIDING IN COLD WEATHER.......................................................................35
DRESSING FOR COLD WEATHER RIDING...................................36
RIDING YOU ATV ON SNOW AND ICE..........................................37
ACCESSORY USE AND VEHICLE LOADING.....................................................38
WEIGHT LIMIT......................................................................................................39
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE....................................................................40
MAINTENANCE CHART..............................................................................41
TOOLS..........................................................................................................42
SPARK PLUG...............................................................................................43
VALVE INSPECTION....................................................................................44
BATTERY INSTALLATION...........................................................................45
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ADJUSTMENT OF THROTTLE LEVER......................................................49
IDLE SPEED ADJUSTMENT.......................................................................50
FUEL HOSE INSPECTION..........................................................................50
ENGINE OIL.................................................................................................51
CHECKING AND CHANGING ENGINE OIL.......................................52
OIL FILTER SCREEN REMOVAL AND CLEANING.......................... 52
AIR FILTER...................................................................................................53
AIR FILTER REMOVAL.......................................................................54
WASHING AIR FILTER ...................................................................... 54
DRIVE CHAIN/SPROCKETS........................................................................56
DRIVE CHAIN CLEANING, OILING AND ADJUSTING......................57
TIRES............................................................................................................58
BRAKING......................................................................................................61
FRONT HYDRAULIC DISC BRAKES..................................................61
REAR HYDRAULIC DISC BRAKE INSPECTION................................62
GENERAL LUBRICATION............................................................................63
TROUBLESHOOTING..........................................................................................64
FUEL SUPPLY CHECK.................................................................................64
IGNITION SYSTEM CHECK.........................................................................65
TRANSPORTING..................................................................................................66
CLEANING PROCEDURE....................................................................................67
PREPARATION FOR CLEANING.................................................................67
WASHING YOUR ATV..................................................................................68
INSPECTION AFTER CLEANING................................................................68
STORAGE PROCEDURE.....................................................................................69
SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION.............................................................................70
SPECIFICATIONS.................................................................................................71
WIRE DIAGRAM...................................................................................................72
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY.....................................................73
2
SAFETY
We believe in conservation and protection of the earth’s natural resources. We
encourage every vehicle owner and operator to do the same by obeying posted
signs and riding only in areas designated and approved for off-road recreational
use.
NOTICE TO PARENTS
This ATV is built for use by children age 16 and older, but the users manual is
written for adults who will be supervising the children, we strongly recommend ,
therefore, that you review this entire manual with your child and carefully explain
the instructions, requirements, and warnings it contains so that your child can
understand them.
Children differ in skills, physical abilities, and judgement. Some children may not
be able to operate an ATV safely. Parents should supervise their child’s use of the
ATV at all times. Parents should permit continued use only if they determine that
the child has the ability to operate the ATV safely.
It is very important that every child who rides the ATV should complete a training
course.
THIS ATV IS NOT A TOY AND COULD BE HAZARDOUS TO OPERATE. An ATV
handles differently from other vehicles including motorcycles and cars. A collision
or rollover can occur quickly, even during routine maneuvers such as turning and
driving on hills or over obstacles, if you fail to take proper precautions.
SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH can result if you do not follow these instructions:
·
Read this manual and all labels carefully and follow the operating procedures
described.
·
Never operate an ATV without proper instruction. Take a training course.
Beginner should receive training from a certified instructor. Contact an
authorized ATV dealer or call SVIA at 1-800-887-2887 to find out about the
training courses nearest you.
·
Always follow these age recommendations:
Category Y (Youth Model) ATV. An ATV of appropriate size intended for recreational
use under adult supervision by an operator under age 16. Youth model ATVs can
further be categorized as follows:
Category Y-6+ ATV. A Category Y-6+ ATV is a youth model ATV that is intended for
use by children age 6 or older
3
SAFETY
Category Y-10+ ATV. A Category Y-10+ ATV is a youth model ATV that is intended
for use by children age 10 or older.
Category Y-12+ ATV. A Category Y-12+ ATV is a youth model ATV that is intended
for use by children age 12 or older.
Category T (Transitional Model) ATV. A Category T ATV is an ATV of appropriate
size that is intended for recreational use by an operator age 14 or older under adult
supervision, or by an operator age 16 or older.
·
Never allow a child under age 16 to operate an ATV without adult supervision,
and never allow continued use of an ATV by a child if he or she does not have
the abilities to operate it safely.
Never carry a passenger on an ATV.
·
Never operate an ATV on any paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways,
parking lots and streets.
·
Never operate an ATV on any public street, road or highway, even a dirt or
gravel one.
·
Never operate an ATV without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet that
fits properly. You should also wear eye protection (goggles or face shield),
gloves, boots, long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants.
·
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this ATV.
·
Never operate this ATV at excessive speeds. Always go at a speed that is
proper for the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience.
·
Never attempt wheelies, jumps, or other stunts.
·
Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure it is in safe
operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance
procedures and schedules described in this manual.
·
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footrests of
the ATV during operation.
·
Always go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain.
Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV.
·
Never operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain until you have
learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain.
Always be especially cautious on these kinds of terrain.
·
Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this manual.
Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do
not turn at excessive speeds.
·
Never operate that ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities.
Practice on smaller hills before attempting larger hills.
4
SAFETY
·
Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this
manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill. Never climb
hills with excessively slipper or loose surfaces. Shift you weight forward.
Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. Never go
over the top of any hill at high speed.
·
Always follow proper procedures for going down hills and for braking on hills
as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start down
any hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid
going down a hill at an angle that would cause the vehicle to lean sharply to
one side. Go straight down the hill where possible.
·
Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill as described
in this manual. Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift
your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. Never attempt to turn the ATV around
on any hill until you have mastered the turning technique described in this
manual on level ground. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if possible.
·
Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backwards when climbing
a hill. To avoid stalling, use proper gear and maintain a steady speed when
climbing a hill. If you stall or roll backwards, follow the special procedure for
braking described in this manual. Dismount on the uphill side or to a side
if pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount, following the
procedure described in this manual.
·
Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never attempt
to operate over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees. Always
follow proper procedures when operating over obstacles as described in this
manual.
·
Always be careful when skidding or sliding. Learn to safely control skidding
or sliding by practicing at low speeds and on level, smooth terrain. On
extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and be very cautious in
order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
·
Never operate an ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than that
specified in this manual. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced
stopping ability. Test your brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply
them several times to let friction dry out the linings.
·
Always use the size and type tires specified in this manual. Always maintain
proper tire pressure as described in this manual.
5
SAFETY
·
Never modify an ATV through improper installation or use of accessories.
·
Never exceed the stated load capacity for an ATV. Cargo should be properly
distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed and follow instructions in
this manual for carrying cargo. Allow greater distance for braking.
·
The combined weight of the rider and any accessories or cargo must never
exceed the vehicle’s load capacity of 331 lbs (150 kg).
·
Do not tow a trailer. This vehicle is not designed for such use.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Product Safety
Commission at 1-800-638-2772, SVIA 1-800-887-2877, or Baja Safety Hotline at
1-866-260-8630
6
FUEL AND OIL
FUEL AND OIL
FUEL
Proper fuel is very important for the engine. Ensure there is no dust, dirt, or
water which has mixed in the fuel. Use regular unleaded gasoline with an
octane number 90 or higher.
ENGINE OIL
Your 250cc ATV has a four-stroke engine. Please use oil as described in the
chart below. By using prescribe oil, you will realize the best lubrication for
engine.
SAE 10W-30
ENGINE
TEMP.
SAE 20W-40
°C
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
°F
-22
4
14
32
50
68
86
104
Use the chart to select a viscosity rating based on the temperature range in
your area.
NOTE: In very cold weather (below 5°F (-15°C), use SAE10W-30 for good
starting and smooth operation.
7
LOCATION OF LABELS
LOCATION OF LABELS
Read and follow all of the warnings labels on your ATV. Make sure you
understand all the labels. Keep the labels on the ATV. Do not remove them
for any reason. If a label comes off or becomes difficult to read, you should
get a replacement by contacting BAJA INC.
3
1
4
2
5
1
WARNING
Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH
ALWAYS USE AN
APPROVED HELMET
AND PROTECTIVE
GEAR
NEVER USE
ON PUBLIC
ROADS
NEVER CARRY
PASSENGERS
NEVER USE
WITH DRUGS
OR ALCOHOL
NEVER Operate:
Without proper training or instruction.
At speeds too fast for your skills or the condition.
On public roads, a collision can occur with another vehicle.
With passenger-passengers affect balance and steering and increase risk of losing control.
ALWAYS:
Use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle overturns
on hills and rough terrain and in turns.
Avoid paved surfaces-pavement may seriously affect handling and control.
LOCATE AND READ OWNER’S MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATING.
FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS.
8
LOCATION OF LABELS
2
3
WARNING
UNDER
16
Operation of the ATV by children under the
age of 16 increases the risk of severe injury
or death.
NEVER permit children under age 16 to
operate this ATV.
4
WARNING
NEVER ride as a passenger.
Passenger can cause a loss
of control, resulting in
SEVERE INJURY or DEATH.
9
LOCATION OF LABELS
5
THIS VEHICLE IS AN ALL -TERRAIN
VEHICLE AND IS NOT INTENDED FOR
USE ON PUBLIC HIGHWAYS
6
6
10
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
INDICATOR LIGHTS AND MAIN KEY SWITCH
1
3
2
1 - Red Light - Reverse indicator
Light illuminates when ATV is in Reverse.
2 - Green Light - Neutral indicator
Light illuminates when ATV is in Neutral.
3 - Ignition key switch - Turn right (CW) “RUN”, Turn left (CCW) “OFF”.
ATV will only start when ignition key is turned to the “RUN” position. Make sure ignition key switch is in the “OFF” position when not in use.
11
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
HANDLEBAR & SWITCHES
LEFT HANDLEBAR
Clutch Lever
Light switch
OFF/LO/HI
Off
RUN OFF
Engine Stop
switch
Electric Start
Button
Choke Lever
Engine Stop Switch
With Engine stop switch in the “OFF” position (right) the engine cannot be started.
With the Engine stop switch in the “Run” position (left) the engine can be started.
Clutch Lever
Apply clutch by squeezing clutch lever towards grip.
Light Switch
To turn lights “ON” place switch on LO beam or HI beam. To turn lights off, place light
switch to OFF.
Electric Start button
Engine is started by pushing the electric start button. Note: Clutch must be applied and
Ignition key and Engine Stop Switch must be placed at “ON” positions before engine
will start.
Choke Lever
Choke is applied to start a cold engine
12
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
Parking Brake
Pin
Brake Fluid Reservoir
Throttle lever adjustment
Front Brake
Lever
Throttle Lever
Throttle lever
Controls engine and ATV speed.. Operate this lever with your
thumb. Push lever forward to increase engine and ATV speed. Release lever to decrease engine and ATV speed.
Front brake lever
Squeeze lever toward hand grip to apply front brakes.
Parking Brake
Parking brake is applied by squeezing front brake lever then pushing parking
brake pin in place. To release parking brake, pull parking brake lever toward
hand grip and release pin
Brake fluid reservoir
To add brake fluid, see braking section of this owners manual
Throttle lever adjustment
See Throttle lever adjustment in this owners manual
REAR FOOT BRAKE
Foot brake
Located on the right hand side of the ATV. Foot brake stops the rear wheels.
Rear foot brake
13
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
FUEL VALVE
This vehicle has one manually operated fuel valve. There are 3 positions
“ON”
“OFF”
“RESERVE”
“ON” position
In this position, fuel is allowed to flow into the carburetor when the engine is running or being started.
“OFF” position
In this position the fuel is shut off from the carburetor. The fuel valve needs to be placed in this position when the ATV is not in use
“RESERVE” position
If the fuel level in the fuel tank becomes to low for the engine to stay running while the fuel valve is in the “ON” position, turn the fuel valve to “RESERVE”. This will allow the engine to begin using the reserve fuel supply. You will need to re-fuel as soon as possible. Once
re-fueled, turn fuel valve back to “ON “ Position
FUEL TANK CAP
To open the fuel tank cap, turn fuel tank cap counterclockwise.
To close fuel tank cap, turn it clockwise and close it securely. Be
sure vent tube securely connects to cap as shown.
Fuel level
Filler neck
14
Gas Cap
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
WARNING
Overfilling the fuel tank could be hazardous.
If you overfill the fuel tank, fuel may overflow when it expands. Expanding
is due to heat from engine or sun. Overheated fuel could easily catch fire.
Stop adding fuel when the fuel level reaches the bottom of the filler neck.
WARNING
Improper fueling of the ATV could be hazardous.
Failing to follow safety precautions when refueling could result in a fire or
let you to breathe toxic fumes.
Refuel in a well ventilated area. Make sure the engine is off and avoid
spilling fuel on a hot engine. Do not smoke, and make sure there are no
open flames or sparks in the area. Avoid breathing gasoline vapors. Keep
children and pets away when you are refueling the ATV.
SEAT LOCK
To remove seat, lift latch up
To lock the seat, slide into retainer and push
down firmly.
Seat Latch
WARNING
Improperly installing the seat could be hazardous.
Failing to install the seat properly could allow the seat to move and cause
the rider to lose control.
Make sure you are in proper position and the seat is attached securely
when you install it.
15
RIDING YOUR ATV
RIDING YOUR ATV
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW BEFORE RIDING
Before riding, you should read all the following information carefully. If you are
properly prepared, you will have a more enjoyable ride.
Before riding, you should find a good place to practice the skills. Find a flat, open
area with enough space to practice the new skills.
WARNING
Operating this ATV without proper instruction.
The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator does not know
how to operate the ATV properly in different situations and on different
types of terrain.
Beginning and inexperienced operators should complete the certified
training course offered by SVIA (www.svia.org). They should then
regularly practice the skills learned in the course and the operating
techniques described in the owner’s manual.
For more information about the training course, contact an authorized
ATV dealer or call SVIA at 1-800-887-2887. For More information on ATV
Safety Contact the Baja ATV Safety Hotline at: 866-260-8630
Make sure that it is legal to ride in the area you selected. Review the local laws and
make sure you are not trespassing. Call the police if you don’t know where you can
ride.
Protect your riding areas. When you are riding, remember to keep the terrain in
good condition. Don’t destroy plants, trees or other vegetation. Don’t litter and
don’t bother wildlife. With your help, your riding area can remain open for use in
the future.
After you have found a good place to practice, review the control system on your
ATV before riding. Learn to find these controls without looking for them, because
you will not have time to look for them when you are riding.
Canadian residents must obtain, review, and follow all provincial and municipal
government acts and regulations pertaining to owning and operating an off-road
vehicle.
16
RIDING YOUR ATV
INSPECTION BEFORE RIDING
WARNING
Failing to inspect the ATV before operating could be hazardous. Failing to
perform proper maintenance could also be hazardous.
Failing to inspect and maintain your ATV could increase the chances of an
accident or equipment damage
Always inspect your ATV each time before riding, and make sure it is in a safe operating
condition. Refer to the INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE section in this manual.
ITEM TO CHECK
CONTENT
Steering
Smoothness; No restriction of movement; No
play or looseness
Brakes
Proper brake lever free play; enough brake
force; Parking brake effectiveness
Tires
Proper air pressure; Enough tread depth; No
cracks, rips, or other damages
Fuel
Enough fuel for the intended trip; Fuel hose
connected securely; No damage to fuel tank or
cap; Fuel tank cap closed securely
Engine stop switch
Proper operation
Engine oil
Proper level – Check oil by inspecting Engine
Oil Dip Stick. The engine oil should be
between the Minimum and Maximum lines.
Throttle
Proper free play of throttle lever; Smooth
response; Quick return to idle position
Drive chain
Proper tension; adequate lubrication; No excessive
wear or damage
General condition
Bolts and nuts are tight; No rattle from any
parts of the engine when running; No visible
evidence of Damage
17
RIDING YOUR ATV
WARNING
Overloading could be hazardous.
Overloading could cause changes in vehicle handling and could lead to an
accident.
Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV. Refer to the
ACCESSORY USE AND VEHICLE LOADING section in this manual.
WARNING
Operating this ATV with improper modifications could be hazardous.
Improper installation of accessories or modifications to this vehicle may
cause changes in handling. In some situations, this could lead to an
accident.
Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of
accessories. Refer to the ACCESSORY USE AND LOADING section in
this manual.
WARNING
Operating this ATV with improper tires, or improper tire air pressure could be
hazardous.
If you use improper tires or improper air pressure, you may lose control of the
ATV. This will cause an accident.
Always use the tires with size and type tires specified in this user’s manual.
Always maintain proper tire air pressure as described in the INSPECTION
AND MAINTENANCE section.
Check the condition of the ATV to make sure that the ATV does not have mechanical
problems or you could get stranded when you ride. Before riding the ATV, be sure to
check the above items. Be sure your ATV is in good condition to ensure the safety of the
rider.
18
RIDING YOUR ATV
CAUTION
Failure to follow Break-In procedures can significantly shorten the life of your
vehicle.
By not following Break-In procedure, you risk causing excessive wear, and
damaging the engine.
Be careful to correctly follow Break-in Procedure.
BREAK-IN
The first month is the most important in the life of your vehicle. Proper operation
during this break-in period will be helpful for assuring maximum life and
performance of your new vehicle. The following guidelines explain proper break-in
procedures.
Maximum Throttle Opening Recommendation
During the first 10 hours of operation, you should always use less than ½ throttle
opening.
Vary the Engine Rotating Speed
Vary the engine rotating speed during the break-in period. This allows the parts to
“load” and then “unload” (allowing the parts to cool). Although it is essential to
place some stress on the engine components during break-in, you must be careful
not to load the engine too much.
Avoid Constant Low Rotating Speed
Operating the engine at constant low rotating speed (light load) can cause parts
to glaze and not seal properly. Allow the engine to accelerate freely without
exceeding the maximum throttle limit.
Allow the Engine Oil to Circulate Before Riding
Allow a few minutes of idling time after warm or cold engine starting. This allows
the lubricating oil to reach all critical engine components.
Observe Your Initial and Most Critical Service
The initial service (break-in maintenance) is the most important service that your
vehicle will receive. Observing a proper break-in operation, will help engine
components seal properly. Maintenance required as part of the initial service
includes proper adjustments, tightening of all bolts & nuts, and replacement of
dirty oil. Timely performance of this service will help you get the best service life
and performance of the engine.
19
RIDING YOUR ATV
WARNING
Carrying a passenger on this ATV.
Greatly reduces your ability to balance and control
this ATV. Could cause an accident, resulting in
harm to you and/or your passenger.
Never carry a passenger. The long seat is
to allow the operator to shift position as needed during operation. It is
not for carrying passenger.
WARNING
Operating this ATV on paved surfaces.
The ATV’s tires are designed for off-road use only,
not for use on pavement. Paved surfaces may
seriously affect handling and control of the ATV,
and may cause the vehicle to go out of control.
Never operate the ATV on any paved surfaces, including sidewalks,
driveways, parking lots and streets.
WARNING
Operating this ATV on public streets, roads or highways.
You may collide with another vehicle.
Never operate this ATV on any public street, road
or highway, even a dirt or gravel one. In many
states is it illegal to operate ATVs on public streets,
roads and highways.
WARNING
Never operate this ATV at night. Night is defined as the period of time
30 minutes before sunset to 30 minutes after sunrise.
You may collide with another vehicle, a stationary object, or hazard
found in the terrain.
20
RIDING YOUR ATV
SAFETY GEAR
A DOT approved motorcycle helmet is the most important part of your safety gear.
A DOT approved motorcycle helmet can help prevent a serious head injury. Choose
a helmet that fits snugly. Motorcycle dealers can help in selecting a good quality
helmet which fits properly.
WARNING
Operating this ATV without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet,
eye protection and protective clothing.
Operating without an approved motorcycle helmet increases your
chances of a severe head injury or death in the event of an accident.
Operating without eye protection can result in an accident and
increases your chances of a severe injury in the event of an accident.
Operating without protective clothing increases your chances of
severe injury in the event of an accident.
Always wear an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly.
You should also wear:
● eye protection (goggles or face shield)
● gloves
● boots
● long-sleeved shirt or jacket
● long pants
You should wear eye protection when you ride. If a rock or a branch hits your eyes,
you could be severely injured. Wear goggles or a face shield.
Wear proper clothing when you ride. Proper clothes can protect you from injury.
Wear a good pair of gloves, strong boots that are over the ankle, long pants, and a
long sleeve shirt
Helmet
Eye Protection
Long-sleeved shirt
Long pants
Gloves
Boots
21
RIDING YOUR ATV
WARNING
Operating this ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs.
Could seriously affect your judgement.
Could cause you to react more slowly.
Could affect your balance and perception.
Could result in an accident.
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while driving this ATV.
WARNING
Operating this ATV at excessive speeds.
Increases your chances of losing control of the ATV, which can result
in an accident.
Always go at a speed that is proper for the terrain, visibility and
operating conditions, and your experience.
WARNING
Attempting wheelies, jumps, and other stunts.
Increases the chance of an accident, including
an overturn.
Never attempt stunts, such as wheelies or
jumps. Don’t try to show off.
22
RIDING YOUR ATV
WARNING
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
Increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage.
Always inspect your ATV each time you us it to make sure the ATV is
in safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and
schedules described in the owner’s manual.
WARNING
Removing hands from handlebars or feet from the footrests during operation.
Removing even one hand or foot can reduce your ability to control the ATV
or could cause you to lose your balance and fall off of the ATV. If you remove
a foot from the footrest, your foot or leg may come into contact with the rear
wheels, which could injure you or cause an accident.
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the foot rests of
your ATV during operation.
WARNING
Failing to use extra care when operating this
ATV on unfamiliar terrain.
You can come upon hidden rocks, bumps,
or holes, without enough time to react.
Could result in the ATV overturning or going
out of control.
Go slowly and be extra careful when
operating on unfamiliar terrain.
Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV.
23
RIDING YOUR ATV
WARNING
The ATV could start moving as soon as you start the engine.
Unexpected movement could cause you to lose control of the ATV.
Be sure to set the parking brake before you start the engine.
WARNING
Running your ATV indoors where there is little or no ventilation could be
hazardous.
Breathing in exhaust gases from the ATV could cause severe injury.
Always run your ATV outdoors where there is fresh air.
STARTING THE ENGINE
Before attempting to start the engine, make sure
RUN OFF
to follow these steps.
1. Turn the fuel valve to “ON” position
2. Place choke lever to “ON” Position
3. Turn key switch to “ON” position.
ON
Choke lever
OFF
4. Set the engine stop switch to the “ON“ position.
5. Apply brake lever and/or foot lever making sure that the wheels are in
locking condition.
6. Pull in clutch lever and press the starter button “START” to start the
engine.
7. Once engine has warmed up, place choke lever in “OFF” position.
24
RIDING YOUR ATV
SHIFTING
CAUTION
Always close throttle and pull in clutch lever when shifting gears.
Failure to close throttle and pull in clutch lever while shifting gears could cause
damage to the engine and drive train.
CAUTION
Do not coast for long periods of time with the engine not running, and do not tow
the machine a long distance.
Even when the machine is in neutral, the gears are not properly lubricated unless
the engine is running, Towing the machine with the engine not running could
cause damage to the drive train.
Be sure to check for leaks in the gear case and keep oil up to the prescribed level.
This ATV has a 4 speed transmission with
Reverse
To shift vehicle in neutral, hold clutch lever in
and depress shift lever down until green neutral
indicator light illuminates. If vehicle is in reverse
the shift lever will need to be lifted once to shift
in neutral.
To shift vehicle through gears 1-4
Gear shift Lever
Shift
Pattern
4
3
2
1
N
R
1. Release throttle lever.
2. Shift into first gear by holding in clutch lever and lifting up once on
gear shift lever from neutral.
3. Open throttle gradually while releasing clutch lever. Once vehicle has reached adequate speed, release throttle, pull in clutch and lift up again on shift lever to shift into 2nd gear.
4. Open throttle gradually, repeat procedure for remaining gears.
When slowing down or stopping, release throttle and apply brakes smoothly.
As the ATV slows down shift to a lower gear by pulling in clutch lever and
depressing the gear shift lever.
To shift vehicle into reverse.
1. While vehicle is stopped, pull in clutch lever and depress gear shift lever
until red reverse light indicator illuminates.
25
RIDING YOUR ATV
WARNING
The ATV may start moving as soon as you release the parking brake.
Unexpected movement could cause you to lose control of the ATV.
Make sure to apply brake while releasing parking brake.
WARNING
Opening the throttle suddenly could be hazardous.
The front wheels could leave the ground and cause loss of control of the
ATV.
Always open the throttle gradually when accelerating.
Parking brake pin
Clutch Lever
Brake lever
Throttle lever
Starting off
1. Release parking brake by pulling in brake lever and releasing pin .
After parking brake is released, keep applying brakes until ready to start
off
2. Pull in clutch and shift in first gear. Follow shifting instructions listed on previous page
3. Before releasing clutch and applying throttle, release front and rear
brakes.
26
RIDING YOUR ATV
BRAKING
WARNING
Braking while turning the ATV could be hazardous.
Use of the brake when turning could cause the ATV to slide or roll over.
Use the brake to slow down before you begin to turn.
WARNING
Braking hard on slippery surfaces could be hazardous.
The ATV could skid and go out of control if you brake too hard.
Apply the brakes lightly and carefully on slippery surfaces.
WARNING
Operating the parking brake when the ATV is moving could be hazardous.
The front wheels could lock causing a skid and an accident.
Apply parking brake only after ATV has come to a complete stop.
Front Brake
Rear Brake
To stop ATV, release the throttle lever, pull in
clutch and apply front and rear brakes smoothly.
27
Throttle Lever
RIDING YOUR ATV
TURNING
WARNING
Turning improperly.
ATV could go out of control, causing a collision or overturn.
Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in the owner’s
manual.
Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds.
Do not turn at excessive speed.
To turn the ATV, the rider must use the proper technique. Because this vehicle
has a solid rear axle, both rear wheels always turn at the same speed. This means
that if the rear wheels are getting equal traction, the vehicle will tend to move
straight ahead. This is because the rear wheels will travel the same distance. For
the vehicle to turn, the outside rear wheel must travel a longer distance that the
inside rear wheel. To make this happen, the rider must create less traction for the
inside wheel, allowing it to skid. This allows it to travel a shorter distance than
the outside wheel. This happens even though both wheels are still turning at the
same speed.
To turn ATV, use the following technique:
·
Move your body weight forward and to the
inside of the turn.
·
Turn the handlebar while looking in the
direction of the turn.
FOR HIGHER SPEEDS OR SHARPER TURNS
Use the same technique that you use when you move your body weight farther
toward the inside of the turn to maintain your balance. Natural turning forces
(which can push the vehicle to the outside of the turn) increase as the speed or
the turn sharpness increases. This means you must lean your body farther into
the turn as you go faster or turn more sharply. This prevents the vehicle from
tipping over to the outside of the turn. If your ATV starts to tip while turning, lean
your body farther into the turn while gradually reducing the throttle and making
the turn wider, if possible.
28
RIDING YOUR ATV
OPERATION ON HILLS
WARNING
Operating on excessively steep hills.
The vehicle can overturn more easily on extremely steep hills than
on level surfaces or small hills.
Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your
abilities.
Practice on smaller hills before attempting larger hills.
Climbing a Hill
WARNING
Climbing hills improperly.
Could cause loss of control or cause ATV to overturn.
Always follow the proper procedures for climbing hills as described in
this owner’s manual.
Always check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill.
Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight forward.
Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. The
ATV could flip over backwards.
Never go over the top of any hill at a high speed. An obstacle, a sharp
drop, or another vehicle or person could be on the other side of the hill.
29
RIDING YOUR ATV
To climb a hill with the ATV, follow the
directions below.
1. Speed up and maintain a steady speed
before reaching the top of the hill.
Remember that you must ride at a
steady speed all the way to the top of
the hill.
2. Shift your body forward by sliding
forward on the seat. Lean slightly
forward. For steep hills, stand on the
footrests and lean forward.
3. Maintain a steady speed while
climbing the hill.
4. Slow down gradually when you reach
the top of the hill.
Descending a Hill
WARNING
Going down a hill improperly.
Could cause loss of control or cause ATV to overturn.
Always follow proper procedures for going down hills as described in the owners
manual. NOTE: a special technique is required when braking as you go down a hill.
Always check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill.
Shift your weight backward.
Never go down a hill at high speed.
Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause the vehicle to lean sharply to
one side. Go straight down the hill where possible.
30
RIDING YOUR ATV
To ride down a hill with the ATV, follow the instructions below.
1. Check the terrain carefully for any obstacles before you go down the hill.
2. Point the ATV straight down the hill.
3. Transfer your body to the rear by sliding back on the seat.
4. Ride down the hill slowly with the throttle released.
5. Apply the rear brake to control the speed.
6. Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause the vehicle to lean
sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill if possible.
WARNING
Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills.
Could cause loss of control or cause ATV to overturn.
Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until
you have mastered the turning technique as
described in the owner’s manual on level ground.
Be very careful when turning on any hill.
Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if possible.
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the owner’s manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV.
31
RIDING YOUR ATV
WARNING
Stalling, rolling backwards or improperly dismounting while climbing a hill.
Could result in ATV overturning.
Use proper gear and maintain steady speed when climbing a hill.
If you lose all forward speed:
Keep weight uphill.
Apply brakes.
Lock parking brake, after you are
stopped.
If you begin rolling backwards:
Keep weight uphill.
Never apply the rear brake while rolling backwards.
Apply the front brake.
When fully stopped, apply rear brake as well, and then lock the
parking brake.
Dismount on uphill side or to a side if pointed straight uphill.
Turn the ATV around and remount, following the procedure described in the
owner’s manual.
RIDING OVER OBSTACLES
WARNING
Improperly operating over obstacles.
Could cause loss of control or a collision. Could cause the ATV to overturn.
Before operating in a new area, check for obstacles.
Never attempt to ride over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees.
When you go over obstacles, always follow proper procedures as described
in the owner’s manual.
32
RIDING YOUR ATV
If you come to an obstacle that you cannot avoid, you may be able to cross over it
by using the following procedure.
1. If the obstacle is in front of you, approach at walking speed.
2. Rise up slightly on the footrests.
3. Pull up on the handlebar and apply a little throttle as the front wheels reach the obstacle.
4. Lean forward and release the throttle after the front wheels are over the
obstacle.
Remember that some obstacles are too high for your ATV or for your abilities. If you
are not sure that you can safely cross over an obstacle, back up and ride around the
obstacle.
WARNING
Skidding or sliding improperly.
You may lose control of this ATV.
You may also regain traction unexpectedly, which may cause the ATV to
overturn.
Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds and
on level, smooth terrain.
On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and be very
cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
SKIDDING OR SLIDING
You may experience skidding or sliding when you are not braking. You may be
able to overcome it by using the techniques listed below.
If your front wheel skids:
Gain front wheel traction by reducing the throttle opening and leaning your body
slightly forward.
If your rear wheel skids:
If space permits, steer in the direction of the skid. Shift your body away from the
skid slightly. Avoid using the throttle or brakes until you regain directional control
of the vehicle.
33
RIDING YOUR ATV
RIDING THROUGH WATER
You can ride the ATV through shallow water. Make sure it is not more than 10cm
(4 inches) deep and is not moving fast. Choose a good place to cross before
you ride through the water. Look for a spot where the banks are gently sloped
on both sides and the bottom of the stream is hard. If you are unfamiliar with the
area, park the ATV and inspect the stream first to find a suitable spot for crossing.
When crossing, operate the ATV at a slow, steady speed. Be careful not to
damage banks when crossing.
WARNING
Operating this ATV through deep or fast flowing water.
Tires may float, causing loss of traction and loss of control, which could
lead to an accident.
Never operate this ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than
described in this owner’s manual.
Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your
brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply the brakes several times
to let friction dry out the linings.
CAUTION
Operating the ATV in water, sand, or mud causes rapid brake wear.
Excessive brake wear could cause the brakes to be less effective.
After repeated operation of the ATV in these conditions, bring it to your
authorized service center to have the brakes inspected and cleaned.
34
RIDING YOUR ATV
RIDING IN COLD WEATHER
Pre-ride Inspection
Check that the throttle and all control levers move freely. Make sure that the footrests
are free of ice or snow.
Move the ATV forward and backward to check that the wheels roll freely. If you cannot
move the ATV, the tires may be frozen to the ground, or the brakes may be frozen to the
wheels. If the tires are frozen to the ground, pour warm water around them to melt the
ice. If the brakes are frozen, bring the ATV to a warmer area to thaw out the brakes.
After the engine has warmed up, check the brakes. Do this inspection on level ground
and do not exceed the walking speed. Be sure to check the operation of both front and
rear brakes. If the brakes do not work adequately, stop riding the ATV.
CAUTION
Using engine power to free up frozen wheels could damage your ATV.
Severe damage to the drive train may occur if you use engine power to free frozen
wheels.
Before riding, manually move the ATV forward and backward to make certain
that all wheels roll freely.
Bring the ATV to a warmer area to allow the brakes to thaw out. After the brakes thaw,
dry them by applying them several times before riding. If the brakes do not regain full
stopping power, ask your authorized service center to check them before you continue
riding your ATV.
Water that enters the brakes may freeze after you park your ATV. The frozen water can
prevent wheels from turning or the brakes from working. After riding through water,
mud, snow or slush, it is important to dry the brakes before parking the ATV. To dry
the brakes, apply them several times while riding slowly. Before your next ride, be
sure to do a Pre-ride inspection as described earlier in this section.
WARNING
Operating the ATV without a properly functioning brake system could be
hazardous.
Wet or frozen brakes will increase stopping distance. This will increase your
chance of having an accident.
Be sure to inspect the brakes before riding the vehicle in cold weather as
described above.
35
RIDING YOUR ATV
Dressing for Cold Weather Riding
WARNING
Operating your ATV in cold weather without proper clothing could be
hazardous.
Continued exposure in the cold weather could lead to Hypothermia.
Hypothermia is a condition where your body’s inner temperature drops low
enough to cause injury or death.
Always dress for the worst weather conditions you might encounter. Be
prepared for bad weather and ATV breakdowns.
WARNING
Wearing loose clothing when riding your ATV could be hazardous.
Loose clothing, such as a long scarf or shawl, could get caught in an
ATV’s moving parts.
Never wear loose clothing when riding your ATV.
Riding in cold weather can be hazardous. At a temperature of 10°F (-12°C),
the wind chill created by going just 10 mph (16km/h) makes you as cold as if
you were standing still at a temperature of -9°F (-23°C). At this temperature,
exposed flesh will freeze in just a few minutes.
Continued exposure in the cold weather could lead to hypothermia.
Hypothermia occurs when your body’s inner temperature drops. Symptoms
include numbness in the extremities (hands, feet, arms, and legs), and
shivering. Damp clothing contributes to hypothermia because cold water on
your skin will drain heat from your body’s core.
We strongly recommend that if you do any cold-weather riding, that you
familiarize yourself with the symptoms, treatment, and prevention of
hypothermia. Information is available at libraries and through government
agencies.
Plan your winter rides with safety and comfort in mind. Dress for the worst
conditions you might encounter. Be prepared for bad weather and ATV
breakdowns. Wear warm, water-resistant clothing such as thermal underwear,
snowmobile suits, lined gloves, lined boots, and wool socks.
36
RIDING YOUR ATV
Riding Your ATV on Snow and Ice
WARNING
Riding on snow-covered terrain, even with care, could be hazardous.
Snow may cover rocks, holes, ice or other hazards that can cause loss of
control. Severe injury or death could occur if you lose control of the ATV.
Go slowly and be careful when riding on snow-covered terrain. Always be
alert to changing terrain conditions.
WARNING
Riding on a frozen lake or river could be hazardous.
Serious injury or death could occur if the ice breaks and you could fall
into the cold water.
Check with local authorities to verify the thickness of the ice and areas to
avoid.
WARNING
Failing to use extra care when operating on slippery surfaces such as
hard-packed snow and ice could be hazardous.
Failing to use extra care could cause loss of traction or loss of vehicle
control. This could result in an accident, including an overturn.
Do not operate on slippery surfaces until you have learned and practiced the
skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain. Always use extra care
on slippery surfaces. Avoid riding on snow or ice covered hills whenever
possible.
Practice riding your ATV in an open snow or ice covered area, at slow speeds,
before handling out on snow- or ice-covered trails. Learn how your ATV
responds to steering and braking on the type of terrain you will encounter on
your ride.
Your eyes may be sensitive to sunlight when you ride over snow or ice on
a bright, sunny day. Snow and ice reflects more light into your eyes than
dirt or grass. Tinted eye protection will reduce the amount of light reaching
your eyes. On overcast days, you may find it helpful to use yellow-tinted eye
protection.
37
ACCESORY USE AND VEHICLE LOADING
ACCESSORY USE AND VEHICLE LOADING
WARNING
Operating this ATV with improper modifications could be hazardous.
Improper installation of accessories or modifications of the vehicle may
cause changes in handling which could lead to an accident.
Never modify the ATV with improper installation or use of improper
accessories. All parts and accessories added to the ATV should be
genuine parts or their equivalent designed for use on this ATV. Install
and use them according to their instructions. If you have any questions,
contact your dealer.
There are many types of accessories for sale. However, we cannot have direct
control over their quality or suitability. We cannot test each accessory that is
available. If you add the wrong accessories or misuse the vehicle with some
accessories installed, it can make the ATV unsafe to ride.
Be cautious when choosing and installing accessories to your vehicle. Your
retailer may be able to help you choose accessories and install them correctly.
The guidelines below should help you to decide how to equip your ATV and
how to use it correctly when you use accessories.
Accessory Use and Vehicle Loading Guidelines
1. The combined weight of the rider, tools, and any accessories or cargo
must never exceed the vehicle’s load capacity of 331 lbs. (150Kg)
2. Check accessory mounting brackets and other attachments to make sure
they provide a rigid non-movable mount.
3. Accessories added to the handlebar of the ATV should be as light as
possible.
The extra weight would cause the vehicle to be harder to steer.
4. Do not add accessories or cargo which interferes with controls or other
equipment.
5. Do not carry heavy or bulky cargo.
38
ACCESORY USE AND VEHICLE LOADING
6. Distribute cargo weight evenly between the front and rear of the
vehicle as well as both sides of the vehicle. Locate cargo weight as
close to the center of the vehicle if possible.
7. Secure your load well. Shifting weight can affect your ability to handle the
vehicle safely.
8. Ride at slow speeds and avoid hills when carrying cargo. Carrying
loads would affect the stability and handling of your ATV.
9. Allow enough stopping distance. Stopping distance increases if you
carry loads. Use engine braking as much as possible.
BA250 Weight limit
Never exceed the weight limit shown
Total weight limit is 331 lbs (150 Kg) this limit includes rider and accessories
39
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Improper maintenance or failing to perform recommended maintenance
could be hazardous.
If you perform improper maintenance or do not maintain your ATV you may
have an accident.
Keep your ATV in good condition. Ask your authorized service center or
a qualified mechanic to do the maintenance items marked with an asterisk
(*). You may perform the unmarked maintenance items by referring to the
instructions in this section if you have mechanical experience. If you are
not sure how to do the maintenance ask your authorized service center or
call BAJA INC.
CAUTION
If you use your ATV under severe conditions, it will need maintenance
more often than shown in the chart.
Operating your ATV under severe conditions causes more wear on your ATV.
Severe conditions include operating under frequent full throttle, or in dusty,
wet, sandy, or muddy areas. These conditions could cause the ATV to wear
more quickly.
Perform maintenance more often than shown in the chart. If you have
any questions regarding maintenance intervals, consult your authorized
service center or call BAJA INC.
CAUTION
Using poor quality replacement parts could damage your ATV.
Poorly-made replacement parts could cause your ATV to wear more
quickly and shorten its useful life.
When replacing parts on your vehicle, use only genuine replacement
parts or their equivalent.
40
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
It is very important to inspect and maintain your ATV regularly. Follow the
guidelines in the chart. The intervals between periodic services in months are
shown. At the end of each interval be sure to perform the maintenance listed.
Item
Initial
1 months/
20 hrs
Air Cleaner
Initial
3 Months/
50 hrs
I
C
Every
3 Months/
50 hrs
Every
6 Months/
100 hrs
C
I
C,T
T
Exhaust pipe bolt and muffler bolt
T
Air Filter
I
Every 20 - 40 hours (more often in dusty
areas)
Carburetor
I
I
Cylinder head breather hose
C
Spark plug
I
Valve clearance-Check-Adjust
I
Idle speed
I
*Fuel hose
I
Engine Oil
R
**Brake Fluid level
I
I
I
I
R
Brake Hose and joints
Drive chain
Inspect at
each use
I
I
I
I
I
I
Brakes
I
I
I
Clutch
I
I
I
Wheels
I
Wheel bearings
I
Brake caliper linings
I
I
I
I
I
Front and rear suspension
Steering system
I
I
I
I
Steering shaft lubrication (use Li grease)
Fittings and Fasteners
I
L
T
T
*Replace every 4 years
T
**Replace every 2 years
I=Inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate or replace, if necessary.
C=Clean
R=Replace T=Tighten
41
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
TOOLS
A tool kit is provided with your ATV.
SPARK PLUG
CAUTION
Failing to use the proper spark plug could damage your ATV.
An improper spark plug may have an incorrect fit or heat range for your engine.
This may cause severe engine damage which may not be covered under
warranty.
Use only spark plug recommended for this engine. Call BAJA INC. if you
are not sure which spark plus is correct for you vehicle.
Your ATV is equipped with a Champion P-RA7HC spark plug. To determine
if the standard spark plug is in good condition, check the color of the plug’s
center electrode insulator after vehicle operation. A brown color indicates
that the plug is correct. A white or dark insulator indicates that the engine
may need adjustment, or another plug type may be needed. Consult your
authorized dealer or BAJA INC. if your plug insulator is not a light brown
color.
42
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
NOTE: This ATV uses resistor-type spark plug to avoid jamming electronic
parts. Improper spark plug selection may cause electronic interference with
your ATVs ignition system, resulting in the vehicle performance problems.
Use recommended spark plugs.
To install a spark plug turn it in as far as possible with your fingers, then
tighten it with a wrench.
CAUTION
Improper installation of the spark plug could damage your ATV.
An overly tight or cross threaded spark plug will damage the aluminum
threads of the cylinder head.
Carefully turn the spark plug by hand into the threads. If the spark plug
is new, tighten it with a wrench about ½ turn past finger tight. If you are
reusing the old spark plug, tighten it with a wrench about 1/8 turn past
finger tight.
CAUTION
Dirt could damage your ATV if it entered an open spark plug hole of cylinder
head.
Dirt could damage engine parts that move.
Cover the spark plug hole while the spark plug is out of the hole.
Plug type
NGK D8REA
To maintain a proper functioning spark plug, keep the plug free of carbon.
Remove carbon from the plug with a wire or pin, and adjust the gap to 0.24
- 0.28 inch (0.6~0.7mm) for good ignition. Use a thickness gauge to check the
gap.
43
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
VALVE INSPECTION
refer to maintenance schedule in this owner’s manual for valve adjustment
inspection intervals.
Valve clearance should be:
Intake:
0.002 inch (0.05 mm)
Exhaust:
0.003 inch (0.0762 mm)
The engine will make excess noise if the gap is too large in air valve. If
gap is too small valve operation will be hindered which could result in
valve malfunction and failure. Therefore, air valve gap must be checked
periodically.
If you have the proper tools and are mechanically proficient, instructions on
adjusting the valve clearance are given in the service manual. If assistance is
needed please contact Baja Inc. to find your local service center.
44
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Battery Installation
INITIAL SERVICE AND INSTALLATION OF BATTERY:
Eye Protection
Rubber Gloves
WARNING
The following procedure is very dangerous and should be performed with
the utmost care and attention. Wear protective eyewear, rubber gloves, and
have water available should electrolyte come in contact with skin or eyes.
KEEP ALL CHILDREN AWAY FROM THE AREA WHILE THIS PROCEDURE
IS BEING PERFORMED.
POISON – CAUSES SEVERE BURNS
Contains sulfuric acid.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes, or clothing
To prevent accidents, rinse empty container with water.
ANTIDOTE:
External – flush with water
Internal – Call physician immediately. Drink large quantities of water or
milk.
Follow with milk of magnesia, beaten eggs or vegetable.
Eyes – Flush with water for 15 minutes and get prompt medical attention.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
45
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Note: The following page is for vehicles with battery’s containing separate
electrolyte pack.
Preparing the battery:
·
Place battery on level surface. Remove cap
strip from top of battery. (see figure 20)
Figure 20
.
Wear eye protection and rubber gloves for
this step. Once battery strip is removed,
locate electrolyte in bottle and place over the
six openings. Press firmly down on bottle
allowing the battery to pierce the six in-line
openings in bottle. Let electrolyte drain into
battery until bottle is completely empty. (see
figure 21)
·
Discard empty electrolyte container in a waste
area that is inaccessible to children and
animals.
·
After filling let battery stand for at least 30
minutes before charging. This allows the
electrolyte to penetrate plates for optimum
performance and ensures longer battery life.
·
After 30 minutes the battery is ready for its
initial charge. Place caps loosely over battery
cell holes (see figure 22)
46
Figure 21
Figure 22
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
How to Initially Charge the battery:
1. Connect the red positive (+) cable to
the red positive (+) pole of the battery.
(see figure 24)
2. Connect the black negative (-) cable
to the black negative (-) pole of the
battery. (see figure 25)
Note: The red positive (+) cable has a
larger diameter than the black negative
y cable.
Figure 24
3. Charging rate: Charge battery @ 0.7
Amps for
5 ~ 10 hours.
•
After charging is complete, install
securely all six battery caps (see
figure 26)
•
Install battery into battery tray
located under seat (see figure 27).
•
Once battery is firmly seated in
tray, attach red positive (+) wire
to positive (+) terminal on battery,
then attach black negative (-) wire to
negative (-) terminal on battery (see
figure 27)
Figure 25
Figure 26
Figure 27
47
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Battery Replacement:
WARNING
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
DO NOT open sealed caps to add water to battery.
Always wear safety glasses and charge in a ventilated area.
If battery gets hot to the touch, discontinue charging and allow
battery to
cool down.
Do not use fast charging unless it is an emergency.
At the beginning or end of charging, turn off the charger first, in
order to prevent electric spark and explosion.
Charge in a well ventilated area.
DO NOT smoke around batteries and keep away from open flame.
WARNING
·
·
·
·
·
To avoid possibility of explosion, always connect battery cable in
the order specified: RED first; BLACK last. An exploding battery can
cause serious injury or death.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid.
Always shield eyes with protective eye-wear when working around
battery acid.
Battery acid is poisonous and can cause severe burns.
DO NOT smoke around batteries and keep away from open flame.
·
Remove old battery. Mark which cable is connected to the positive
terminal (+) and which cable is connected to the negative (-) terminal.
·
Clean cable connectors with wire brush or sandpaper to remove
oxidation.
·
After charging, install new battery. Put dielectric grease on the battery
terminals to avoid corrosion. Connect cables to the proper terminals.
Positive (+) red cable to positive (+) terminal and negative (-) cable to
negative (-) terminal .
·
Positive (+) cable is red .Negative cable is black. CONNECT NEGATIVE
CABLE LAST.
48
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
THE ADJUSTMENT OF THROTTLE LEVER
WARNING
Operating the vehicle with an inadequate throttle lever free distance could
be hazardous.
Inadequate throttle lever free distance could cause engine speed to rise
suddenly when you turn the handlebars. This can lead the rider to lose
control.
Adjust the throttle lever free distance so that engine idle speed does not
rise due to handlebar movement.
Adjuster nut
Measure the throttle lever play.
3.0~5.0mm (0.12~0.20in) as shown
To adjust the throttle lever play:
1. Loosen adjuster nut and move adjuster in or out to obtain the correct
play.
2.. Tighten adjuster nut
3.. Recheck the throttle lever free distance.
Readjust it if it is not within the correct limits.
49
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
IDLE SPEED ADJUSTMENT
WARNING
Improper adjustment of the idle speed could be hazardous.
An idle speed that is too high could cause the ATV to launch forward when
you start the engine. This may cause an accident. Excessive engine wear
may also result if idle speed is adjusted improperly or when the engine is
not fully warmed up. Adjust the idle to the correct speed. Make sure the
engine is fully warm before adjusting the engine idle speed.
To adjust the idle speed properly, you need a tachometer. If you do not have
one, ask your authorized service center to perform this adjustment.
Carburetor
To adjust the idle speed:
Idle Screw
adjustment
1. Start the engine and warm it up.
2. Turn the throttle stop screw in or out so that the engine idle speed is at
1400~1600r/min.
FUEL HOSE
Fuel Hose
Inspect the fuel hose for damage and
fuel leakage. If any defects are found,
the fuel hose must be replaced.
50
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
ENGINE OIL
WARNING
New and used oil could be hazardous.
Children and pets may be harmed by swallowing new or used oil.
Continuous contact with used oil can cause skin cancer in laboratory
animals. Brief contact with the used oil may irritate the skin.
Keep new and used oil away from children and pets. To minimize your
exposure to used oil, wear a long-sleeve shirt and moisture-proof gloves
(such as dish washing gloves) when changing oil. If oil contacts your
skin, wash thoroughly with soap and water. Launder any clothing or
rags if wet with oil. Recycle or properly dispose of used oil.
CAUTION
Failure to use the correct oil could harm your ATV.
Be sure to use the oil specified in the FUEL AND OIL RECOMMENDATION
section.
CAUTION
Running the engine without an adequate amount of engine oil could
cause severe engine damage.
Running the engine without any engine oil could cause engine
overheating.
Always check the amount of engine oil before starting the engine.
51
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
Checking and Changing engine oil
Oil Filter Screen removal and cleaning
The engine oil should be checked before every ride and changed every 20 to
40 hours of operation. It should be changed more often in dirty and dusty
areas.
To check oil:
1. Park vehicle on level ground.
2. Check oil level on site gauge and/or dip stick.
If oil is low, add oil until Maximum level
is noted on dip stick and/or site gauge.
Minimum
Maximum
Level
Level
To change oil:
Oil Cap
1. Remove oil dip stick cap. and Dip Stick
Oil drain bolt
H
L
Site Gauge
2. Remove drain bolt under engine and drain oil into proper container.
3. Remove oil filter plug and oil filter screen located on bottom left side of
engine. Clean screen with solvent
4.
Re-install oil drain bolt and oil filter plug.
5. Pour fresh oil of the specified type through the oil fill hole.
NOTE: Approximately 900ml (1 Qt) of oil is required.
6. Tighten oil cap, and check oil level on dip stick.
7. Dispose of used oil at a reclaim facility.
Oil filter plug
Spring
52
Oil filter screen
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
AIR FILTER
WARNING
Operating the engine without the air cleaner element in place could be
hazardous.
If the air cleaner element did not filter dirt, severe engine damage would
occur if the dirt entered the running engine.
Never run the engine without the air cleaner element in place.
CAUTION
Failing to inspect the air cleaner element frequently if the vehicle is used
in dusty, wet, or muddy conditions could damage your ATV.
The air cleaner element could become clogged under these conditions,
and engine damage may result.
Always check the air cleaner element after riding in severe conditions.
Clean or replace the elements as necessary. If water gets in the air
cleaner case, immediately clean the element and the inside of the case.
The air cleaner element must be kept clean to provide good engine power.
If you use your vehicle under normal, low-tension conditions, you should
service the air cleaner at the intervals specified. If you ride in dusty, wet, or
muddy conditions, you will need to inspect the air cleaner element much more
frequently. Use the following procedures to remove the element and inspect
it.
53
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
AIR FILTER REMOVAL
Clips
Air filter
Foam element
1.
2.
3.
4.
Locate Air Filter box under seat of ATV
Remove air filter by undoing clips from filter box cover
Remove air filter and foam element from filter box.
Tap Air filter gently to remove dust and dirt. Gently blow out
remaining dust with compressed air. If air filter is damaged,
replace it.
5. Wash foam element cover per instructions below.
6. Reinstall foam cover to air filter element.
7. Reinstall air filter then clip air filter box lid back in place
WASHING AIR FILTER
Wash foam element per instructions:
1. Fill a washing pan large enough to hold
the element with a nonflammable
cleaning solvent. Immerse element in
the solvent washing it.
2. Squeeze the element by pressing it
between the palms of both hands to
remove excess solvent (A). Do not twist
or wring the element or it will develop
cracks.
3. Immerse the element in another pan
filled with Air filter oil (B). Squeeze the
element to remove excess oil. Make
sure that the element remains damp
with oil (but not soaked).
54
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Using gasoline or low flash point solvents for cleaning ATV parts.
A fire or explosion could result.
Use only a nonflammable or high flash point solvent to clean ATV parts.
WARNING
Oil and solvent could be hazardous.
Children and pets could be harmed from the oil and solvent.
Be sure to keep oil and solvent away from children and pets. Dispose of
used oil and solvent properly.
CAUTION
A torn air filter could damage your ATV.
Dirt and dust may get inside of the engine if the element is torn.
Examine carefully the element for tears before and after cleaning it.
Replace the element with a new one if it is torn.
CAUTION
Failing to position the air cleaner element properly could damage your ATV.
Air will bypass the air cleaner element if the element is not positioned
properly. This will cause the engine parts to wear more rapidly.
Be sure to position the air cleaner element properly.
55
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
DRIVE CHAIN/SPROCKETS
The condition and adjustment of the drive chain should be checked before
riding. Always follow the guidelines below for inspecting and servicing the
chain.
WARNING
Failing to maintain the chain properly before each riding could be
hazardous.
Riding with the chain in poor condition could lead to an accident.
Be sure to inspect and maintain the chain before riding, according to these
guidelines.
Inspecting the Drive Chain
When inspecting the chain, look for the following:
·
Loose pins
·
Damaged rollers
·
Dry or rusted links
·
Kinked or binding links
·
Excessive wear
If you find anything wrong with the drive chain, solve the problem by repairing
or replacing the chain. If necessary, consult your authorized service center.
If it is determined the drive chain is damaged, check the sprocket also for
damage. A worn chain can have an adverse affect on the front and rear
sprockets.
When inspecting the sprockets, look for the following:
Good
Worn
·
Excessively worn teeth
·
Broken or damaged teeth
·
Loose sprocket mounting nut(s)
Sprocket
If you find any of these problems with your sprocket, consult BAJA INC. or
your local service center.
56
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
DRIVE CHAIN CLEANING, OILING AND ADJUSTING
Clean and oil the chain as the following:
1. Wash the chain with water.
2. Dry the chain, and then oil the links with Chain lube or equivalent.
WARNING
Failing to inspect the drive chain slack before each use of the ATV could
be hazardous.
Too much chain slack could cause the chain to come off the sprockets,
resulting in an accident or serious damage to the ATV.
Inspect the drive chain slack before each use.
Adjusting the Drive Chain
20~30 mm
(0.8~1.2 inches)
The drive chain should be adjusted making sure there is 20~30 mm (0.8~1.2
inches) of slack, as shown above.
1. Loosen bolts (1)
2. Adjust chain tension by using a crescent wrench turning axle assembly housing (2) .
3. When proper slack is obtained tighten nuts (1)
2
1
57
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
TIRES
WARNING
Operating this ATV with improper tires, or even improper tire air pressure
could be hazardous.
If you use improper tires or improper tire air pressure, you may lose control
of the ATV.
Always use the size and type tires specified. Always maintain proper tire
air pressure as described in this section.
WARNING
Using worn tires could be hazardous.
The traction of the vehicle will be decreased. This increases your risk of having
an accident.
Replace the front and rear tires when the depth on the tread is 4.0 mm (0.16
inches) or less.
The ATV is equipped with low pressure tubeless tires of the size and type
listed below:
Front
Rear
Size
AT23X7-10
AT22X10-10
Tire Tread Condition
4.0 mm (0.16 inches)
Tire Air Pressure
Check the air pressure in all tires before riding. Improper air pressure would
effect handling, steering response, traction, tire life and rider comfort. Be
sure that the tires are inflated to the
Cold Tire Air Pressure
pressures shown. Tire pressure should
only be measured or adjusted when the
Front
3 ± 0.5 psi (21 ± 3.5Kpa)
tires are cold.
Rear
58
3 ± 0.5 psi (21 ± 3.5Kpa)
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper or uneven tire pressure.
Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this ATV with improper or
uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of control, increasing your risk of an
accident.
Always use the size and type of tires specified. Always maintain proper tire air
pressure as described in this section.
WARNING
Operating this ATV with improper modifications.
Improper installation of accessories or modifications to this vehicle may cause
changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident.
Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of accessories.
All parts and accessories added to this vehicle should be genuine Baja Inc. or
equivalent components designed for use on this ATV and should be installed
and used according to instructions. If you have questions, consult a Baja Inc.
authorized ATV dealer.
WARNING
Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly.
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident.
Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV.
Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo. Allow greater distance for braking.
Always follow the instructions in your owner’s manual for carrying cargo.
59
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Overfilling the air to the tires could be hazardous.
If you put too much air into the tire, the tire may burst causing severe
injury.
Check the air pressure from time to time while gradually inflating the tire,
until the specified air pressure is obtained.
WARNING
Using tires that have been installed incorrectly could be hazardous.
The ATV may have unusual handling if the tires are installed incorrectly.
The tires are intended to rotate in a specific direction, as indicated by the
arrows on the sidewall of each tire. Install tires correctly so they rotate in
the proper direction.
Tire Replacement:
Your ATV has low-pressure tubeless tires. Air is sealed by the contact
surfaces of the inner wheel rim and the tire bead. If the inner wheel rim or
tire bead is damaged, air may leak. Be extremely careful not to damage these
sections when replacing tires.
It is very important to use the proper tools when repairing or replacing tires
in order to protect the tire bead or wheel rims. Have this work done by your
authorized service center or a qualified tire repair station.
When breaking the tire bead loose from the wheel, be extremely careful not to
damage the inner wheel rim surface or the tire bead.
Tubeless Tire Repair:
If a leak or flat tire occurs due to a puncture, the tire may be repaired using
a plug type patch. If the damage is from a cut, or if the puncture cannot be
repaired using a plug, the tire should be replaced. When operating your ATV
in areas here transportation or service facilities are not readily available, it
is strongly recommended that you bring a plug type repair kit and a tire air
pump with you.
60
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
BRAKING
WARNING
Failing to inspect and maintain your ATV’s brake system properly could
be hazardous.
Improper maintenance of the brake increases your chance of having an
accident.
Be sure to inspect the brake before riding according to the INSPECTION
BEFORE RIDING section. Always maintain your brakes according to the
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE.
WARNING
Operating the ATV in harsh conditions could be hazardous if you do not
inspect brake wear often.
Operating in mud, water, sand, or other extreme conditions can cause
accelerated brake wear. This could lead to an accident.
If you operate your vehicle under these conditions, the brake must
be inspected more often than recommended in the MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE.
FRONT HYDRAULIC DISK BRAKE INSPECTION
Brake fluid
reservoir
Brake
fluid cap
Brake disk
Front disk
brake caliper
Brake fluid level
Brake hose
Brake hose
1. Inspect the front disk brake caliper for leakage. If brake fluid leaks, the safety of riding could be affected.
2. Inspect the brake hose for cracks, and the joint for leakage.
3. Check the brake fluid level in the brake fluid reservoir, if level is low inspect brake pads for wear and hydraulic system for leaks.
4. To add brake fluid, unscrew the 2 screws on top of the bake fluid container. Add DOT3 or DOT4 brake fluid. Do not mix brake fluid types.
61
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Failing to maintain the brake shoes or pads could be hazardous.
Riding with worn brake shoes, pads, or shoes that are seriously worn, will
increase your chance of having an accident.
If you need to replace brake shoe pads, have your authorized service
center do the work. Inspecting and maintaining the brake shoe pads is
recommended. Replace the shoe pads in sets.
REAR HYDRAULIC DISC BRAKE INSPECTION
Rear foot brake
located on right
side of ATV
Brake fluid
reservoir cap
Brake hose
Max
Min.
Rear brake fluid
reservoir
Rear disk caliper
1. Inspect the rear disk brake caliper for leakage. If brake fluid leaks, the safety of riding could be affected.
2. Inspect the brake hose for cracks, and the joint for leakage.
3. Check the brake fluid level in the brake fluid reservoir, if level is low inspect brake pads for wear and hydraulic system for leaks.
4. To add brake fluid, remove top of the bake fluid container. Add DOT3 or DOT4 brake fluid. Do not mix brake fluid types.
62
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
GENERAL LUBRICATION
Proper lubrication is important for safe, smooth operation and long life
of your vehicle. Be sure that all lubrication is performed during periodic
maintenance on the vehicle. Increase intervals when you use your ATV
in severe conditions. Your authorized service center should do general
lubrication as shown in the MAINTENANCE CHART. The authorized service
center will lubricate the vehicle such as wheel bearings, swing arm bearings,
steering shaft holder, cables, etc.
G 5
O ……………Oil
G ……………Grease G 6
1
O
3
G 7
4
O
O
1 Brake cable
2 Drive chain
3 Throttle cable
4 Throttle lever
5
Steering bushing
6
Rear swing arm
7
Rear axle assembly
2
O
63
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
CAUTION
Failing to troubleshoot a problem correctly would damage your ATV.
Improper repairs or adjustments may damage the vehicle. Such damage
may not be covered under warranty. If you are not sure about the proper
action, consult your authorized service center or BAJA INC. about the
problem.
WARNING
Draining fuel from the carburetor could be hazardous.
Fuel could catch fire if you do not handle it properly.
When draining the carburetor, be sure to shut the engine off. Do not
smoke, and never drain or refuel in an area where there are open flames
or sparks. Do not spill the fuel or you may create a fire hazard. Dispose
of drained fuel properly.
This troubleshooting guide is provided to help you find the cause of some
common complaints.
COMPLAINT: Engine is hard to start or does not start at all. Something is
probably wrong with the fuel system or ignition system.
Fuel Supply Check
1.
Make sure there is adequate clean, new, fuel in the fuel tank.
2.
Check that the engine stop switch is at the “RUN “ position.
3.
Check that the fuel valve is at the “ON” position.
4. Make sure there is enough fuel reaching the carburetor from the fuel tank.
a. Loosen the drain screw which is located under the carburetor. Drain fuel from the carburetor into a container.
b. Tighten drain screw.
c. Press start switch for a few seconds, allowing the engine to turn over for few seconds. Note: Do not push starter button for more the 5 seconds at a time, this could cause damage to the starter.
d. Loosen drain screw and check to see if carburetor is filled back up with fuel.
e. If fuel is reaching the carburetor, the ignition system should be checked next.
64
TROUBLESHOOTING
IGNITION SYSTEM CHECK
WARNING
Performing the spark test improperly could be hazardous.
You could get a high voltage electrical shock if you are not familiar with this
procedure.
Do not perform this check if you are not familiar with the procedure. Do
not point the spark plug near the spark plug hole during this test. Do not
do this test if you have a heart condition or wear a pacemaker. Do not
perform this test near any open fuel containers for near fuel which has
spilled on the ground, on engine, or any part of the ATV.
1. Remove the spark plug and reattach it to the spark plug lead.
2. Push the electric button “START “. Apply the rear brake lever to make
sure the rear wheels are locked. If the ignition system is operating
properly, a blue spark should jump across the spark plug gap. If there is
no spark, take your machine to your service center.
COMPLAINT: Engine stalls
1. Make sure there is enough fuel in the fuel tank.
2. Check to see that the spark plug is not fouled. Remove the spark plug
and clean it. Replace, if necessary.
3. Make sure fuel valve and fuel tank outlet is not clogged.
4. Check idle speed. If necessary, adjust it using a tachometer. The correct
idle speed is 1400~1600 r/min.
65
TRANSPORTING
TRANSPORTING
WARNING
Draining fuel from the carburetor could be hazardous.
Fuel could catch fire if you do not handle it properly.
When draining fuel from the carburetor, be sure to shut the engine off. Do not
smoke, and never drain or refuel in an area where there are open flames or
sparks. Do not spill the fuel or you may create a fire hazard. Dispose of the
drained fuel properly.
CAUTION
Failing to secure the ATV properly could be hazardous.
Failing to secure the vehicle properly may result in an accident or damage
to the vehicle.
When transporting the ATV, lock the parking brake lever and tie down the
vehicle securely with straps, rope, or some other suitable means.
It is best to transport the ATV in the normal upright position.
Carburetor drain
screw
Before transporting the ATV make sure the fuel valve is turned to the “off”
position then drain fuel from the carburetor as follows:
1. Drain fuel from carburetor into an empty container by loosening the
carburetor drain screw.
2. When fuel has been drained, retighten drain screw.
66
CLEANING PROCEDURE
CLEANING PROCEDURE
CAUTION
High pressure washers could damage your ATV.
High pressure washers such as those found at coin-operated car washes
have enough pressure to damage the parts of your ATV. It may cause
rust, corrosion and increase wear.
Do not use high pressure washers to clean your ATV.
A thorough cleaning of your ATV is a necessary part of maintenance. It will help
keep your ATV looking and performing best. Proper cleaning can also extend the
life of your ATV.
It is important to clean and inspect your ATV after every ride, especially if it
is used in mud, brush, grass, water, salt water, or very dusty conditions
The build-up of mud, brush, grass, etc. especially on the engine and exhaust
system, can reduce engine cooling ability, conceal damage, or increase wear
of certain parts.
It is important to remove all debris during cleaning.
PREPARATION FOR CLEANING
Wash the ATV before any mud dries on the ATV.
Block or seal the end of the exhaust pipe (muffler) using a piece of plastic
wrap, cloth rag or another method to prevent water from entering engine.
67
CLEANING PROCEDURE
WASHING YOUR ATV
With some care, your ATV can be washed in a similar manner to washing an
automobile.
Note: Avoid spraying or allowing water to flow over the following places:
·
Ignition switch
·
Spark plug
·
Fuel tank cap
·
Carburetor
Use a garden hose at low pressure to remove the majority of dirt or other
debris. Hand wash your ATV with mild soap or detergent and water. Try to
thoroughly remove all dirt and debris without excessive water pressure, even
at remote areas such as between engine cooling fins, linkages or mounting
brackets. Cloth rags, washing mitts or cleaning brushes can be used. Be
careful with brushes as they may scratch plastic or painted surfaces. Rinse
the ATV thoroughly with clean water. Dry all areas using a chamois or soft
absorbent cloth.
INSPECTION AFTER CLEANING
WARNING
Operating the ATV with wet brakes could be hazardous.
Wet brakes may not provide as much stopping power as dry brakes. This
could lead to an accident.
Test your brakes after washing the ATV, riding at a slow speed. If
necessary, apply brake several times to let the friction dry out the linings.
Remove the rags or wrapping from the exhaust pipe. For extended life of
your ATV, lubricate according to GENERAL LUBRICATION section.
Follow the procedures in the INSPECTION BEFORE RIDING section to check
your ATV for any problems that may have occurred during your last ride.
68
STORAGE PROCEDURE
STORAGE PROCEDURE
If you do not use your ATV for an extended period, it will need special service
requiring appropriate materials, equipment and skill. For this reason, we
recommend that you trust this maintenance work to your authorized service
center. If you wish to service the machine for storage yourself, follow the
general guidelines below:
VEHICLE
Place the vehicle on level ground and wash the entire vehicle.
FUEL
WARNING
Draining the fuel could be hazardous.
Fuel could catch fire if you do not handle it properly.
When draining the fuel from the fuel tank, be sure to shut the engine off.
Do not smoke, and never drain fuel in an area where there are open flames
or sparks. Keep pets and children away from the fuel, and dispose of the
drained fuel properly.
Drain fuel from the fuel tank by a hand pump. Drain the fuel from the
carburetor by releasing the carburetor drain screw.
TIRES
Inflate tires to the normal pressure.
EXTERNAL
1. Spray all vinyl and rubber parts with rubber protection.
2. Spray unpainted surfaces with rust preventative.
3. Coat painted surfaces with car wax.
PROCEDURE FOR RETURNING TO
SERVICE
1. Clean the entire vehicle.
2. Make sure that the vehicle is properly lubricated.
3. Perform the INSPECTION BEFORE RIDING as listed in this manual.
4. Start the vehicle as outlined in this manual.
69
SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION
SERIAL NUMBER LOCATION
You need to know the frame and engine serial numbers to get title
documents for your ATV. You also need these numbers to help your
authorized service center or BAJA INC. order parts.
The frame/VIN number is stamped on the front of the frame as shown in the
photograph. The engine serial number is stamped on the left side of the
crankcase.
Engine serial number
Frame/Vin number
Write down the serial numbers here for your future reference
Frame No.:
Engine No.:
70
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS BA250
DIMENSIONS AND DRY MASS
Overall length...............................................................................................1833mm (72.2 in)
Overall width.............................................................................................. ..1160mm (45.7 in)
Overall height................................................................................................1195mm (47.1 in)
Wheelbase (Front & Rear).............................................. 960mm (37.8 in) 860mm (33.9 in)
Axle base.......................................................................................................1260mm (49.6 in)
Ground clearance.............................................................................................130mm (5.1 in)
Seat height......................................................................................................850mm (33.5 in)
Dry weight .......................................................................................................180kg (397 lbs)
Weight limit......................................................................................................150kg (331 lbs.)
ENGINE
Type...............................................................................Four stroke, air cooled
Number of cylinders................................................................................................................1
Bore X Stroke.....................................................................................................6.7cm x 6.5cm
Displacement................................................................................................................229.2cc
Corrected Compression ratio..........................................................................................9.2:1
Air cleaner..............................................................Paper with Polyurethane Foam Element
Max power........................................................................................16 Hp (6500±500r/min)
Max torque......................................................................................18.5N.m (5500±500r/min)
Idle Speed...................................................................................................(1400 ± 500) r/min
TRANSMISSION
Transmission Type....................................................................................4 - speed , Reverse
ELECTRICAL
Ignition type..................................................................................................................................CDI
Battery voltage, capacity.................................................................................................12V 14AH
Spark Plug....................................................................................................................NGK D8REA
Fuse............................................................................................................................................10A
FUEL/Oil
Main fuel tank capacity................................................................................................9.8L( 2.6 gal)
Reserve fuel tank capacity............................................................................................................1L
Oil capacity..........................................................................................................................1L (1qt.)
BRAKES
Front brake type.....................................................................................Pan hydraulic disc brake
Operation.........................................................................................................Right hand operation
Rear brake type........................................................................................Pan hydraulic disc brake
Operation..........................................................................................................Right foot operation
TIRES
Size Front...........................................................................................................................AT23x7-10
Size Rear...........................................................................................................................AT22x10-10
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BA250 Wire diagram
WIRE DIAGRAM
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BAJA MOTORSPORTS – EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
WARRANTY
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
The emission control system warranty period for this vehicle begins on the date
the vehicle is delivered to the first purchaser other than an authorized dealer, or
the date it is first used as a demonstrator, lease, or company vehicle, whichever
comes first and continues for 60 months after that date, or 5,000km, whichever
comes first, provided there has been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance
of your vehicle. Where a warrantable condition exists, the Distributor will repair
your vehicle at no cost to you, including diagnosis, parts and labor. If an emission-related part on your vehicle is defective, the part will be repaired or replaced
by the Distributor. This is your emission control defects warranty.
OWNER’S WARRANTY RESPONSIBILITIES
As the vehicle owner, you are responsible for the performance of the required
maintenance. You should maintain a record of all maintenance performed on your
vehicle and retain all receipts covering maintenance on your vehicle. You may not
be denied a warranty claim solely because of your failure to ensure the performance of all scheduled maintenance or lack of maintenance records or receipts.
You are responsible for presenting your vehicle to an authorized dealer as soon
as a problem exists. The warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable
amount of time, not to exceed 30 days.
As the vehicle owner, you should be aware that you may be denied your warranty
coverage if your vehicle or a part has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance, or unapproved modifications.
WARRANTY COVERAGE
The Distributor warrants that each new 2009 and later vehicle:
•
is designed, built, and equipped so as to conform at the time of initial
retail purchase with all applicable regulations of the United States Environmental
Protection Agency, and the California Air Resources Board; and
•
is free from defects in material and workmanship which cause such
vehicle to fail to confirm with applicable regulations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board for the periods
specified above.
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Your emission control system warranty covers components whose failure would
increase an engine’s emission, including electronic controls, fuel injection
system, carburetor, the ignition system, catalytic converter, or any other system
utilized in this vehicle to control emission if it is originally equipped. Also
included may be hoses, connectors and other emission-related assemblies. Replacing or repairing other components (including parts, labor, and other costs)
not covered by this emission control system warranty or the standard warranty
is the responsibility of the owner.
Coverage of repairs under this warranty applies only when repairs are completed at an authorized dealer or repair facility. The Distributor will not cover repairs
performed outside of an authorized dealer or repair facility. The use of replacement parts not equivalent to the original parts may impair the effectiveness of
your vehicle’s emission control system. If such a replacement part is used and
an authorized dealer determines it is defective or causes a failure of a warranted
part, your claim for repair to bring your vehicle into compliance with applicable
standards may be denied.
This Emission Control System Warranty is in addition to the standard Limited
Warranty.
EXCLUSIONS AND LIMITATIONS
This warranty does not cover the following:
•
Failures or malfunctions of the emission control systems caused by
abuse, alteration, accident, misuse, the use of leaded gasoline.
•
Replacement of expendable maintenance items unless they are original
equipment defective in material or workmanship under normal use, and the first
required replacement interval for the item has not been reached. Expendable
maintenance items include but not limited to spark plugs, filters, coolant, lubricants, gaskets, hoses, and belts.
•
Replacements of parts and other services and adjustments for required
maintenance.
•
Any vehicle equipped with an odometer or hour meter where the reading is altered so that actual mileage cannot be readily determined.
•
Repairs or replacements as a result of:
•
Accident
•
Misuse
•
Use of replacement parts or accessories not conforming to the original
specifications which adversely affect performance
•
Physical damage, corrosion, or defects caused by fire, explosions or
similar causes beyond the control of the Distributor.
•
Failures not caused by a defect in material or workmanship.
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Use of the vehicle in any type of competitive racing or related events immediately
and completely voids this and all other warranties.
LIMITED LIABILITY
The liability of the Distributor under this Emission Control System Warranty is limited solely to the remedying of defects in material workmanship by an authorized
dealer at its place of business during customary business hours. This warranty
does not cover inconvenience or loss of use of the vehicle or transportation of the
vehicle to/from the authorized dealer. The Distributor is not liable to any person for
incidental, consequential or special damages of any description, whether arising
out of express or implied warranty or any other contract, negligence or other tort
or otherwise.
No express emission control system warranty is given by the Distributor except
as specifically set forth herein. Any emission control system warranty implied by
law, including any warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose is
limited to the express emission control system warranty terms stated in this warranty. The foregoing statements of warranty are exclusive and in lieu of all other
remedies. All express warranties not stated in this warranty are disclaimed. Some
states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above
limitations may not apply if it is inconsistent with the controlling state law.
No dealer is authorized to modify this Emission Control System Warranty. If
you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, you
should contact BAJA MOTORSPORTS. 1-888-863-2252
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Baja, INC.
P.O. Box 61150
Phoenix, AZ. 85082
Tel: 602-443-9180
Toll Free: 888-863-2252