Agilent Technologies N5230C User`s guide

Agilent Technologies
U3025AE10
User’s Guide
Use this manual with the following documents:
PNA Series Network Analyzer On-line Help System and
Application Note 1408-12
Manufacturing Part Number: U3025-90001
Printed Date: April 2008
Supersede: July 2007
© Copyright 2007, 2008 Agilent Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Warranty Statement
THE MATERIAL CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED “AS IS,” AND IS SUBJECT
TO BEING CHANGED, WITHOUT NOTICE, IN FUTURE EDITIONS. FURTHER, TO THE
MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, AGILENT DISCLAIMS ALL
WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WITH REGARD TO THIS MANUAL AND
ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. AGILENT SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS OR FOR INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE FURNISHING, USE, OR
PERFORMANCE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN.
SHOULD AGILENT AND THE USER HAVE A SEPARATE WRITTEN AGREEMENT WITH
WARRANTY TERMS COVERING THE MATERIAL IN THIS DOCUMENT THAT CONFLICT
WITH THESE TERMS, THE WARRANTY TERMS IN THE SEPARATE AGREEMENT WILL
CONTROL.
DFARS/Restricted Rights Notice
If software is for use in the performance of a U.S. Government prime contract or
subcontract, Software is delivered and licensed as “Commercial computer software” as
defined in DFAR 252.227-7014 (June 1995), or as a “commercial item” as defined in FAR
2.101(a) or as “Restricted computer software” as defined in FAR 52.227-19 (June 1987) or
any equivalent agency regulation or contract clause. Use, duplication or disclosure of
Software is subject to Agilent Technologies’ standard commercial license terms, and
non-DOD Departments and Agencies of the U.S. Government will receive no greater than
Restricted Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-19(c)(1-2) (June 1987). U.S. Government users
will receive no greater than Limited Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-14 (June 1987) or
DFAR 252.227-7015 (b)(2) (November 1995), as applicable in any technical data.
ii
User’s Guide
Safety Notes
The following safety notes are used throughout this document. Familiarize yourself with
each of these notes and its meaning before performing any of the procedures in this
document.
WARNING
Warning denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure which, if
not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in injury or loss
of life. Do not proceed beyond a warning note until the indicated
conditions are fully understood and met.
CAUTION
Caution denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure that, if not
correctly performed or adhered to, could result in damage to or destruction of
the instrument. Do not proceed beyond a caution sign until the indicated
conditions are fully understood and met.
Statement of Compliance
This product has been designed and tested in accordance with the standards listed on the
Manufacturer’s Declaration of Conformity, and has been supplied in a safe condition. The
documentation contains information and warnings that must be followed by the user to
ensure safe operation and to maintain the product in a safe condition.
Definitions
• Specifications describe the performance of parameters covered by the product warranty
(temperature –0 to 55 °C, unless otherwise noted.)
• Typical describes additional product performance information that is not covered by the
product warranty. It is performance beyond specification that 80% of the units exhibit
with a 95% confidence level over the temperature range 20 to 30 °C. Typical
performance does not include measurement uncertainty.
• Nominal values indicate expected performance or describe product performance that is
useful in the application of the product, but is not covered by the product warranty.
• Characteristic Performance describes performance parameter that the product is
expected to meet before it leaves the factory, but is not verified in the field and is not
covered by the product warranty. A characteristic includes the same guard bands as a
specification.
User’s Guide
iii
iv
User’s Guide
Contents
U3025AE10
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Network Analyzer Requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Available Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Test Set Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Accessory Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Cable Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Verifying the Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
General Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Power Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Environmental Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Equipment Heating and Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Required Conditions for Accuracy Enhanced Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Dimensions and Space Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Frequency Range and Maximum Power Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Front and Rear Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Active LED. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Test Port LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Test Ports – 2.4 mm Bulkhead (male) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Access Ports – 2.4 mm (female). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Line Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Control Lines and Voltage Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Test Set Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Pass Through Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Bias Tee Inputs - Option 001 (only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Line Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Available Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
System Setup E8363B/C, E8364B/C, or N5230A/C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Preparing the PNA Network Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
12-Port RF Cable Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
PNA Multiport Mode for E8363/4B and N5230A with Option 551 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Installing New Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
12 Port System with E8363/4B or N5230A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
External Test Set Control Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Trace Measure S-Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
New Trace Measure S-Parameter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
N-Port Calibration with E8363/4B and N5230A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
PNA Multiport Mode with Option 551. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
PNA Multiport Mode with Option 551. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
12-Port System with E8363/4C and N5230C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
External Test Set Control Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Trace Measure S-Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
New Trace Measure S-Parameter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
N-Port Calibration with E8363/4C and N5230C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Contents-1
Contents
DUT Control Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Setting the DUT Control Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Setting the Variable Source Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Connecting to the DUT Control Lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Using an External Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Operational Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Verification Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Operational Check Procedure with E8363/4B or N5230A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Prepare the PNA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
1-Port Calibration Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Operational Check Procedure with E8363/4C and N5230C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Operational Check Procedure for E8363/4C and N5230C Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Troubleshooting Operational Check Failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Interconnect Cable Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Theory of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
RF Switch Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Source to Odd Ports (1-11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Source to Even Ports (2-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Receiver to Odd Ports (1-11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Receiver to Even Ports (2-12). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
RF Coupler Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
System Block Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Service Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Replaceable Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Safety and Regulatory Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Before Applying Power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Connector Care and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Shipping Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Declaration of Conformity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Compliance with German Noise Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
EMC Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
Instrument Markings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
Contacting Agilent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
Contents-2
U3025AE10
User’s Guide
1
U3025AE10
Introduction
Introduction
This document describes how to use the U3025AE10 Multiport Test Set with the Agilent
E8363/4B/C 2-Port and the N5230A/C 2-Port PNA Network Analyzer.
Figure 1
2
E8364B/C 2-Port PNA and U3025AE10
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Description
Description
The Agilent U3025AE10 is a 10-Port mechanical switching extension test set (10 MHz to
50 GHz). The 10-Port extension test set can be connected to a 12-Port device when
configured with the E8364B/C Option 014 or N5230A/C Option 525 or 425 2-Port network
analyzers. The U3025AE10 can be used with the E8363B/C (10 MHz to 40 GHz). The test
ports are 2.4 mm male.
The test set is controlled by the test set I/O connector located on the rear panel of the PNA
network analyzer.
The E8363/4B/C Performance Network Analyzer and N5230A/C PNA-L information, data
sheets, white papers, or manuals can be viewed or printed by visiting
http://www.agilent.com/find/pna
Figure 2
User’s Guide
System Configuration
3
U3025AE10
Network Analyzer Requirement
Network Analyzer Requirement
• All PNA, PNA-L Network Analyzers require Option 551, which adds N-Port error
correction and full cross-bar measurement capability.
• PNA firmware revision:
N5230A and E8363/4B Option 551 ≥ A.07.50.26
N5230C and E8363/4C Option 551 ≥ A.08.04.10
• The N5230A/C PNA-L requires Option 525 or 425 (40 GHz) to provide the test set
interface connections and requires test set file u302xae10_p2.tsx.
• E8363/4B/C PNA require Option 014 to provide the test set interface connections and
requires test set file u302xae10_p2.tsx.
More PNA information is available on the following websites:
• Documentation - http://www.agilent.com/find/pna
• Network Analyzer Firmware - http://na.tm.agilent.com/pna/firmware/firmware.htm
• U3025AE10 Test Set Files - http://na.tm.agilent.com/multiport. (see test set files link)
4
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Available Options
Available Options
Test Set Options
The U3025AE10 has two available test set options:
Refer to “System Block Diagrams” beginning on page 58.
• Standard - Includes amplifiers.
• Option 001 provides Bias Tee’s for the 10-Ports in the U3025AE10.
Accessory Options
Installation instructions are included in the option package.
• Option 1CM - Rackmount Kit (5063-9215).
• Option 1CN - Front-Handle Kit (5063-9228).
• Option 1CP - Rackmount with front handle Kit (5063-9222).
Cable Options
The U3025AE10 has one available cable option:
• Option 525 provides the cable set to connect the E8363/4B/C Option 014, N5230A/C
Option 525, or Option 425.
User’s Guide
5
U3025AE10
Verifying the Shipment
Verifying the Shipment
Inspect the shipping container. If the container or packing material is damaged, it should be
kept until the contents of the shipment have been checked mechanically and electrically. If
there is physical damage refer to “Contacting Agilent” on page 65. Keep the damaged
shipping materials (if any) for inspection by the carrier and an Agilent Technologies
representative.
Table 1 contains the accessories shipped with your U3025AE10.
Table 1
Content List
Agilent
Part Number
Description
Qty
Common to the following Options
9320-0333
Envelope-Cal Certificate
1
9320-6636
Functional Test Certificate
1
U3025-90001
User’s Guide
1
8120-6818
Test Set I/O Cable
1
5023-0132
Locking Feet
1
Option 525 (12-Port Configuration, 2.4 to 2.4 mm connector)
U3025-20044
RF Cable Semi-rigid
4
U3025-20045
RF Cable Semi-rigid
4
6
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
General Specifications
General Specifications
Specifications for the U3025AE10 Multiport Test Set (10 MHz to 50 GHz) are
characteristic for the System performance of the PNA and Test Set. Actual performance of
the system is based on the customers PNA that is used with the test set. A functional
certificate is only offered for the U3025AE10.
When connected to a PNA, this test set will degrade the performance at the
test ports. The internal switch paths reduce test port power and power to the
receivers. This affects the test port power of the PNA and also reduces
dynamic range. The reflection tracking values measured in the “Operational
Check” on page 43 can be subtracted from the analyzers dynamic range to
determine the approximate performance of the system.
NOTE
Power Requirements
Verify that the required ac power is available at all necessary locations before installing
the Test Set to the PNA.
• Air conditioning equipment (or other motor–operated equipment) should not be placed
on the same ac line that powers the Test Set and PNA.
• Table 2 contains the maximum wattage for all instruments. This table can be use to
determine the electrical and cooling requirements.
Values are based on 120 Vac supplied to each instrument at 60 Hz.
NOTE
Table 2
Power Requirements
Standard Equipment
Instrument
Maximum
Wattage
E8364B/C and
N5230A/C
350
U3025AE10
350
Total
700
WARNING
User’s Guide
This is a Safety Class I product (provided with a protective earthing
ground incorporated in the power cord). The mains plug shall be
inserted only into a socket outlet provided with a protective earth
contact. Any interruption of the protective conductor, inside or
outside the instrument, is likely to make the instrument dangerous.
Intentional interruption is prohibited.
7
U3025AE10
General Specifications
Environmental Requirements
The environmental requirements of the PNA are listed in Table 3. Note that these
requirements are the same as those of the E8364B/C and N5230A/C.
Ventilation Requirements: When installing the instrument in a cabinet, the
convection into and out of the instrument must not be restricted. The ambient
temperature (outside the cabinet) must be less than the maximum operating
temperature of the instrument by 4 °C for every 100 watts dissipated in the
cabinet. If the total power dissipated in the cabinet is greater than 800 watts,
forced convection must be used.
CAUTION
Table 3
PNA Operating Environment
Temperature
Operation
0 °C to 40 °C (32 °F to 104 °F)
Storage
–40 °C to +70 °C (–40 °F to +158 °F)
Measurement Calibration
20 °C to 26 °C (68 °F to 79 °F)
Performance Verification
Temperature must be within 1 °C (1.8 °F) of the temperature
at which the measurement calibration was performed.
Pressure Altitude
(Operation or Storage)
0 to 4600 meters (~ 15,000 feet)
Enclosure Protection
IP 2 0, according to IEC 529
Environmental Tests
The U3025AE10 complies with all applicable safety and regulatory requirements for the
intended location of use and have been evaluated to assure that they are consistent with
Agilent quality and reliability goals. On the basis of that evaluation, the following
environmental tests have been deemed unnecessary and have not been performed:
temperature, humidity, shock, vibration, altitude and power line conditions.
Equipment Heating and Cooling
If necessary, install air conditioning and heating to maintain the ambient temperature
within the appropriate range. Air conditioning capacity must be consistent with the BTU
ratings given in Table 2.
Required Conditions for Accuracy Enhanced Measurement
Accuracy–enhanced (error–corrected) measurements require the ambient temperature of
the PNA and Test Set to be maintained within ± 1 °C of the ambient temperature at
calibration.
8
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
General Specifications
Dimensions and Space Requirements
Standard installation of the U3025AE10 and PNA includes configuration and installation
on a customer provided lab bench or table top of adequate size and strength.
Table 4
System Dimensions
Item
Weight
Required Bench Top Dimension:
Clearance above the bench
43 cm (17 in)
Width
127 cm (50 in)
Depth
102 cm (40 in)
Weight
55 kg (110 lb)
Table 5
Instrument Dimensions
Model
Weight
Height
Width
Depth
E8364B/C
29 kg (64 lb)
26.7 cm
(10.5 in)
42.5 cm
(16.7 in)
42.6 cm
(16.8 in)
N5230A/C
24.9 kg
(55 lb, ±0.5 lb)
26.7 cm
(10.5 in)
42.5 cm
(16.7 in)
42.6 cm
(16.8 in)
U3025AE10
12.7 kg (28 lb)
19.1 cm
(7.5 in)
42.5 cm
(16.7 in)
42.6 cm
(16.8 in)
User’s Guide
9
U3025AE10
General Specifications
Frequency Range and Maximum Power Levels
The U3025AE10 frequency range is 10 MHz to 50 GHz.
CAUTION
Table 6
It is recommend that you do not operate components near damage levels
(+30 dBm). The power levels must be 3 dB below maximum level to ensure no
damage. See Table 6.
Power Levels
Test Setup
Power Level
Maximum U3025AE10 Multiport Test Set RF Power Levels:
PORT 3-12
+30 dBm 40 Vdc
SOURCE OUT
+30 dBm 0 Vdc
CPLR ARM
+30 dbm 7 Vdc
CPLR THRU
+30 dBm 40 Vdc
RVCR A IN and B IN1
+15 dBm 0 Vdc
Damage Power Levels to U3025AE10 Access and Test Ports:2
Max Level to Port 1 & 2 Test Ports
+30 dBm 40 Vdc
1. Refer to your PNA specifications to determine the maximum
input power levels for the access and test ports.
2. Add the RF signal to the DC component to determine the
maximum wattage.
NOTE
Refer to your PNA specifications to determine the maximum input power
levels for the access and test ports.
The examples shown assumes a 10 dBm (0.01w) RF signal and 7 volt DC.
Equation 1 DC Wattage (E2/R = DC Wattage)
2
7v ⁄ 50 Ω = 0.98w
Equation 2
Maximum Wattage (RF + DC = Maximum Wattage)
0.01w + 0.98w = 0.99w
10
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Table 7
General Specifications
Typical Reflection Tracking Loss1 2
Standard (dB)
(typical)
Option 001 (dB)
(typical)
10 MHz to 45 MHz
+3.0
2.5
45 MHz to 500 MHz
+6.5
+6.0
500 MHz to 2 GHz
+4.0
3.5
2 GHz to 10 GHz
+2.0
1.5
10 GHz to 20 GHz
0
−0.5
20 GHz to 30 GHz
−3.0
−8.0
30 GHz to 40 GHz
−4.5
−9.0
40 GHz to 45 GHz
−7.0
−10.0
45 GHz to 50 GHz
−8.5
−12.0
Frequency
1. Reflection tracking loss is generally source path loss + receiver path loss.
2. Does not include margin of ±2 dB, or PNA accuracy ±1.5 dB up to 40 GHz (±2
dB 40 to 50 GHz).
User’s Guide
11
U3025AE10
General Specifications
Front and Rear Panel Features
Figure 3
Front Panel (Multiport Test Set)
Access Ports
Access Ports
Active
LED
Test Ports
Test Port LEDs
Active LED
• When the test set power switch is On and is connected and addressed by a PNA, the
LED is On (illuminated).
• The LED is Off (not illuminated) when the test set power switch is in Standby, or not
addressed by a PNA.
Test Port LEDs
• An illuminated LED indicates an active port and if it is in Source or Receiver mode.
• If all of the Source or Receiver LEDs are illuminated, all of the ports are terminated.
• If all of the odd numbered ports are Off, Port 1 of the PNA is active.
• If all of the even numbered ports are Off, Port 2 of the PNA is active.
Test Ports – 2.4 mm Bulkhead (male)
• Port 3–12
12
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
General Specifications
Access Ports – 2.4 mm (female)
• SOURCE OUT
• CPLR THRU
• CPLR ARM
• A IN – B IN
Line Switch
– Standby
1
– ON (Active LED On)
Figure 4
Rear Panel (Multiport Test Set)
Control Lines
Voltage Adjust
Option 001 Bias Tee Inputs
Line
Module
Test Set Interface
Pass Through Interface
Control Lines and Voltage Adjust
For further information pertaining to control lines and voltage adjustments see “DUT
Control Lines” on page 38.
Test Set Interface
The Test Set Interface connector is used to send address and data to the test set from the
PNA.
Pass Through Interface
Connection to another test set.
Bias Tee Inputs - Option 001 (only)
BNC female Connectors.
User’s Guide
13
U3025AE10
General Specifications
Line Module
The line fuse, as well as a spare, reside within the line module. Figure 5 illustrates where
the fuses are located and how to access them.
Available Fuses
• Fuse (F 5 A/250V, 2110-0709) U.L. listed and CSA certified
WARNING
For continued protection against fire hazard replace line fuse only
with same type and rating:
• F 5A/250V, Part Number 2110-0709
The use of other fuses or material is prohibited.
Figure 5
Line Fuse
CAUTION
This instrument has autoranging line voltage input; be sure the supply
voltage is within the specified range.
14
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
System Setup E8363B/C, E8364B/C, or N5230A/C
System Setup E8363B/C, E8364B/C, or N5230A/C
The opening of covers or removal of parts is likely to expose
dangerous voltages. Disconnect the instrument from all voltage
sources while it is being opened.
WARNING
Preparing the PNA Network Analyzer
1. Remove the feet from the bottom of the network analyzer. Refer to Figure 6.
2. Remove the 2 lower standoffs and screws (0515-1619) from the rear panel on the
network analyzer. Refer to Figure 6.
Figure 6
Rear Bottom Feet
Standoffs (x2)
Feet (x4)
3. Install the two rear locking feet (5023-0132) using the included screws (0515-1619),
where the standoffs were removed. Refer to Figure 7.
Figure 7
Install Locking Feet
Screws (0515-1619)
Included in package
User’s Guide
Locking Feet
(5023-0132)
15
U3025AE10
System Setup E8363B/C, E8364B/C, or N5230A/C
4. Place the network analyzer on top of the Test Set and ensure that the front frame of the
network analyzer is positioned slightly forward of the locks that are attached to the Test
Set. Slide the network analyzer back so the locks engage the front frame of the analyzer.
Refer to Figure 8.
Figure 8
Locking the Analyzer’s
Network Analyzer
Front Frame
screw
Lock Link
Slide the network Analyzer
back to engage the lock link
in the back of the network
analyzer's front frame
Test Set
Front Frame
5. Secure the network analyzer’s lower locking feet to the Test Set upper locking feet,
using the spring–loaded screws on the locking feet. Refer to Figure 9. If the network
analyzer's lower locking feet are not aligned with the screw holes in the Test Set's upper
locking feet, loosen the screws securing the feet to the instrument slightly to align.
Figure 9
NOTE
Locking Feet Screws
There are two Lock-Feet kits available. Refer to “Contacting Agilent” on
page 65 for ordering information.
• PNA − 5023-0132 (Kit includes locking feet and screws)
• Test Set − 5063-9253 (Kit includes lock links, locking feet and screws)
16
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
System Setup E8363B/C, E8364B/C, or N5230A/C
12-Port RF Cable Connections
Figure 10 on page 18 illustrates the setup configuration of the U3025AE10 Multiport Test
Set and how it should be configured to the E8364B/C 2-Port and N5230A/C PNA Network
Analyzer.
1. Connect the RF cables supplied with this option between the network analyzer and the
U3025AE10 Test Set. Torque each cable to 8 in-lb. Refer to Table 8 and Figure 10 on
page 18.
CAUTION
Each end of the interconnect RF cables have a different length from the bend.
When connecting the RF Interconnect cables be sure that the longer end from
the bend is connected to the PNA.
CAUTION
Over torque will cause damage to the test set and may cause connectors to
spin or become loose.
Table 8
12-Port Cable Connection
RF Cables
From (PNA)
To (Test Set)
U3025-20044
SOURCE OUT
SOURCE OUT
U3025-20044
CPLR THRU
CPLR THRU
U3025-20045
CPLR ARM
CPLR ARM
U3025-20045
RCVR A IN, B IN
A IN, B IN
User’s Guide
17
U3025AE10
Figure 10
System Setup E8363B/C, E8364B/C, or N5230A/C
12-Port Setup Configuration
2. Connect the PNA Test Set I/O cable (8120-6818) to the U3025AE10 Test Set Interface
on the rear panel.
Figure 11
18
Test Set I/0 Connections
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
This section will describe how to setup and operate the U3025AE10 Multiport Test Set
with the E8364B 2-Port PNA Network Analyzer or N5230A PNA-L.
The internal firmware of the Agilent E8363/4B/C 2-Port Network Analyzer
has not been modified for this test set option. Power levels may differ from
those indicated on the PNA when the Test Set is connected.
NOTE
The U3025AE10 Multiport Test Set is considered a “slave” instrument. A PNA must be
used to control the test set.
• PNA Multiport Mode:
Firmware revision ≥ A.07.50.26 for E8363/4B Option 551
Firmware revision ≥ A.07.50.26 for N5230A Option 551
The following test set file must be installed into network analyzer file directory:
c:\Program Files\Agilent\Network Analyzer\testsets
PNA or Port PNA-L requires test set: u302xae10_p2.tsx
Visit our website for firmware revision and
downloads.http://na.tm.agilent.com/pna/firmware/firmware.htm
You may also refer to “Installing New Firmware” on page 20 in this manual.
PNA Multiport Mode for E8363/4B and N5230A with Option 551
The PNA Multiport Mode selects the test set file that will enable the PNA to control the
Test Set. The PNA Multiport Mode allows you to complete a N-Port calibration using the
Cal Wizard application in the PNA. Refer to the PNA Help system for more information.
Figure 12
User’s Guide
N5230A and E8363/4B Options
19
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
Installing New Firmware
Before installing new firmware into your PNA-L, you must store the mixer calibration
files.
1. From the Start menu select run and enter 1 > OK.
2. Command line “Enter a Choice:”, using the front panel keys enter [6].
3. Command line “Press any key to continue....”, use any front panel key.
20
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
4. Copy the following three mxcalfiles from D:\CALFILES to c:\Program
Files\Agilent\Network Analyzer.
From
User’s Guide
To
21
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
12 Port System with E8363/4B or N5230A
The Option 551 must be installed for Multiport capability. To access the multiport
application select System > Configure > Multiport Capability. See Figure 13.
Figure 13
System Configuration
Select U302xAE10 (12-Port System) from the test set drop-down menu and select Restart
as a Multiport PNA with this test set. Press OK. The PNA will restart the network
application with the U302xAE10 Multiport Test Set interface features. See Figure 14.
Figure 14
22
U302xAE10 Selection
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
External Test Set Control Feature
To verify that the network application has the U302xAE10 interface features, select
Channel > External Test Set > Other. The U302xAE10 will be displayed as External Test
Set Control-U302xAE10. See Figure 15 or Figure 16. The U3022AE10 test set file can be
used for the U3025AE10 file.
This menu will allow the physical Ports 1 through 12 to be identified as any port for your
convenience. For example; Port 5 can be named Port 2.
The External Test Set Control-U302xAE10 also allows control of the DUT control lines,
refer to “DUT Control Lines” on page 38. To change the state from LOW to HIGH, select
the graphical user interface (GUI) for the specific control (LINE 1 through 8) and then
press OK. Each line can be controlled separately, see Figure 15.
Figure 15
External Test Set U302xAE10 (Port 1 - 8)
Control Lines
Select the Port Control down arrow for Ports 9 through 12, see Figure 16.
Figure 16
User’s Guide
External Test Set U302xAE10 (Port 9 - 12)
23
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
Trace Measure S-Parameter
S-Parameter selection can be accomplished using Trace Measure menu. Select TRACE >
Measure. Use the drop-down menus to select 1 of 144 S-Parameters for the 12-Port system,
see Figure 17. The first number in the Sxx selection is the Receiver Port and the second
number will be the Source Port. Any port can be selected to be the Receiver, Source or both,
as in S11. The front panel R LED indicates the port is the Receiver and the S LED
indicates the port is the Source.
Figure 17
12-Port Trace Measure
New Trace Measure S-Parameter
S-Parameter Tab: Multiple S-Parameters can be made from the New Measurement
menu. In the drop-down menu select Trace > New Trace. The New Measurement window
allows the selection of any of the 144 S-Parameter's. SeeFigure 18 and Figure 19.
Figure 18
24
12-Port New Trace Measure (S11 - S88)
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Figure 19
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
12-Port New Trace Measure (S88 - S12_12)
Scroll Bar
Balanced Tab: Balanced Measurements can be configured by selecting the Balance tab
in the New Measurement menu. Refer to Figure 20.
For more information on balanced (differential) component measurement, refer to the
Application Note 1373-1 and 1373-2 (5988-5634EN and 5988-5635EN) at
http://www.home.agilent.com. In the search menu type “Multiport and Balanced.”
Figure 20
User’s Guide
Balance
25
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
Receiver Tab: The S-Parameter measurements can be ratioed with selectable
Denominators for each port and receiver. Refer to the standard PNA documentation for
more information.
Figure 21
26
Receiver Ports
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
N-Port Calibration with E8363/4B and N5230A
It is recommended that you perform an ECal characterization to minimize the connections
required for multiple port calibration. The N4693A Option M0F is recommended with
cable (85133F) if you are calibrating at the PNA and test set ports.
Characterize the ECal module with adapters that will not be used in the measurement of
the DUT.
Calibrate at the end of the test port RF cables and any adapters that are used to connect
the DUT. This removes the effect on the measurement of the DUT. Failure to do this will
create ripple and other measurement errors.
NOTE
If measurement errors occur, ensure the newest version of firmware is
installed on the PNA. Measurement errors can be a result of firmware
algorithms. Consult with Agilent Service or firmware web page for the latest
PNA, PNA-L or PNA-X Option 551 firmware revisions and history.
http:\\na.tm.agilent.compna\firmware\firmware.htm.
1. On the network analyzer select Calibration > Calibration Wizard.
a. If using a mechanical cal kit, select SmartCal.
b. If using an ECal module, select ECal.
Figure 22
User’s Guide
ECal Characterization
27
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4B and N5230A
2. Continue following the Cal Wizard prompts. On the “Select Calibration Ports and ECal
Module” window, press Select All or select the ports you are calibrating and press Next.
Figure 23
12-Port Calibration
Help
3. Connect the ECal or the mechanical cal kit to the ports you are calibrating following the
Cal Wizard prompts and press Measure after each connection.
4. At the Calibration Completed prompt, select Save As User Calset and type the name
desired. Press Save.
5. After calibrating test set ports, use a quality load and short to verify the calibration on
each port or end of the test cable. Measure reflection and confirm the return loss is as
expected. If the result is not as expected, repeat the calibration without the test set and
ensure that the PNA is in standard (non-multiport) mode.
28
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
This section will describe how to setup and operate the U3025AE10 Multiport Test Set
with the E8363/4C and N5230C 2-Port PNA Network Analyzer.
The U3025AE10 Multiport Test Set is considered a “slave” instrument. A E8363/4C or
N5230C must be used to control the Test Set.
• PNA Multiport Mode Option 551 requires firmware revision ≥ A.08.04.10. From the
PNA drop-down menu select Help > About Network Analyzer to see the options
installed and the installed firmware revision. See Figure 24.
The following test set file must be installed into network analyzer file directory:
c:\Program Files\Agilent\Network Analyzer\testsets
2-Port PNA-X requires test set: u302xae10_pnax_p2.tsx
2-Port PNA or PNA-L requires test set: u302xae10_p2.tsx
Visit our website for firmware revision and
downloads.http://na.tm.agilent.com/pna/firmware/firmware.htm
You may also refer to “Installing New Firmware” on page 20 in this manual.
PNA Multiport Mode with Option 551
The PNA Multiport Mode selects the test set file that will enable the PNA to control the
Test Set. The PNA Multiport Mode allows you to complete a N-Port calibration using the
Cal Wizard application in the PNA. Refer to the PNA Help system for more information.
Figure 24
NOTE
User’s Guide
N5230C and E8363/4C Options
The internal firmware of the Agilent E8363/4C and N5230C has not been
modified for this test set option. Power levels may differ from those indicated
on the PNA when the Test Set is connected.
29
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
PNA Multiport Mode with Option 551
The PNA Multiport Mode selects the test set file that will enable the PNA to control the
test set. The PNA Multiport Mode allows you to complete a N-Port calibration using the
Cal Wizard application in the PNA. Refer to the PNA Help system for more information.
12-Port System with E8363/4C and N5230C
The E8363/4C and N5230C Option 551 must be installed for Multiport capability. You may
access the multiport application by using the touch screen. Select Utility > System >
Configure > Multiport Capability, or use the front panel and select [System] > Configure >
Multiport Capability.
Figure 25
System Configuration
Select U3025AE10 from the test set drop-down menu and select Restart as a Multiport
PNA with this test set. Press OK. The PNA will restart the network application with the
U3025AE10 Multiport Test Set interface features.
Figure 26
30
U3025AE10 Selection
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
External Test Set Control Feature
To verify that the network application has the U3025AE10 interface features, select
Channel > External Test Set > Other. The U3025AE10 will be displayed as External Test
Set Control-U3025AE10 (U302xAE10 or U3022AE10).
Figure 27
External Test Set Control
This menu will allow the physical Ports 1 through 12 to be identified as any port for your
convenience. For example; Port 5 can be named Port 2.
User’s Guide
31
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
The External Test Set Control-U3025AE10 also allows control of the DUT control lines,
refer to “DUT Control Lines” on page 38. To change the state from LOW to HIGH, select
the graphical user interface (GUI) for the specific control (LINE 1 through 8) and then
press OK. Each line can be controlled separately, see Figure 28.
Figure 28
External Test Set U3025AE10 (Port 1 - 8)
Control Lines
Select the Port Control down arrow for Ports 9 through 12.
Figure 29
32
External Test Set U3025AE10 (Port 9 - 12)
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
Trace Measure S-Parameter
S-Parameter selection can be accomplished using Response Measure menu. Select TRACE
> Measure. Use the drop-down menus to select 1 of 144 S-Parameters for the 12-Port
system, see Figure 30. The first number in the Sxx selection is the Receiver Port and the
second number will be the Source Port. Any port can be selected to be the Receiver, Source
or both, as in S11. The front panel R LED indicates the port is the Receiver and the S LED
indicates the port is the Source.
Figure 30
12-Port Trace Measure
New Trace Measure S-Parameter
S-Parameter Tab: Multiple S-Parameters can be made from the New Measurement
menu. In the drop-down menu select Trace > New Trace. The New Measurement window
allows the selection of any of the 144 S-Parameter's. See Figure 31 and Figure 32 on
page 34.
Figure 31
User’s Guide
Selecting PNA New Trace Measure
33
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
Figure 32
12-Port New Trace Measure (S11 - S88)
Figure 33
12-Port New Trace Measure (S88 - S12_12)
Scroll Bar
34
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
Balanced Tab: Balanced Measurements can be configured by selecting the Balance tab
in the New Measurement menu.
For more information on balanced (differential) component measurement, refer to the
Application Note 1373-1 and 1373-2 (5988-5634EN and 5988-5635EN) at
http://www.home.agilent.com. In the search menu type in “Multiport and Balanced.”
Figure 34
Balance
Receiver Tab: The S-Parameter measurements can be ratioed with selectable
Denominators for each port and receiver. Refer to the standard PNA-X documentation for
more information.
Figure 35
User’s Guide
Receiver Ports
35
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
N-Port Calibration with E8363/4C and N5230C
It is recommended that you perform an ECal characterization to minimize the connections
required for multiple port calibration. The N4693A Option M0F is recommended with
cable (85133F) if you are calibrating at the PNA and test set ports.
Characterize the ECal module with adapters that will not be used in the measurement of
the DUT.
Calibrate at the end of the test port RF cables and any adapters that are used to connect
the DUT. This removes the effect on the measurement of the DUT. Failure to do this will
create ripple and other measurement errors.
NOTE
If measurement errors occur, ensure the newest version of firmware is
installed on the PNA. Measurement errors can be a result of firmware
algorithms. Consult with Agilent Service or firmware web page for the latest
PNA, PNA-L or PNA-X Option 551 firmware revisions and history.
http:\\na.tm.agilent.compna\firmware\firmware.htm.
1. On the network analyzer select Response > Calibration Wizard.
a. If using a mechanical cal kit, select SmartCal.
b. If using an ECal module, select ECal.
Figure 36
36
ECal Characterization
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Controlling the System with E8363/4C and N5230C
2. Continue following the Cal Wizard prompts. On the “Select Calibration Ports and ECal
Module” window, press Select All or select the ports you are calibrating and press Next.
Figure 37
12-Port Calibration
Help
3. Connect the ECal or the mechanical cal kit to the ports you are calibrating following the
Cal Wizard prompts and press Measure after each connection.
4. At the Calibration Completed prompt, select Save As User Calset and type the name
desired. Press Save.
5. After calibrating test set ports, use a quality load and short to verify the calibration on
each port or end of the test cable. Measure reflection and confirm the return loss is as
expected. If the result is not as expected, repeat the calibration without the test set and
ensure that the PNA is in standard (non-multiport) mode.
User’s Guide
37
U3025AE10
DUT Control Lines
DUT Control Lines
The 15 pin female D-Sub connector on the rear panel provides 8 latched data connections
that can be used to control your DUT. An adjustable voltage source (+2 to +5 Vdc) is
provided on the front panel. A positive or negative external source can be used. Refer to
Table 11 and Figure 41 on page 42.
Setting the DUT Control Interface
This section describes how to control the DUT control lines. Refer to “Controlling the
System with E8363/4B and N5230A”,or “Controlling the System with E8363/4C and
N5230C”. For more information regarding the control lines, see Table 9 on page 38 and
Table 10 on page 39.
Table 9 Test Set DUT Control Address and Data
Address
Data
Data
AD12–AD0
112
0
0000000000000
ALL DUT Control Lines set to 0 or + voltage
112
255
0000001111111
ALL DUT Control Lines set to 0 or – voltage
112
1
00000xxxxxxxB
DUT Control Line 1
0,1
112
2
00000xxxxxxBx
DUT Control Line 2
0,1
112
4
00000xxxxxBxx
DUT Control Line 3
0,1
112
8
00000xxxxBxxx
DUT Control Line 4
0,1
112
16
00000xxxBxxxx
DUT Control Line 5
0,1
112
32
00000xxBxxxxx
DUT Control Line 6
0,1
112
64
00000xBxxxxxx
DUT Control Line 7
0,1
112
128
00000Bxxxxxxx
DUT Control Line 8
0,1
Control Lines
Description
Bit Data
0= +Voltage
1= –Voltage
Line 8
Line 7
Line 6
Line 5
Line 4
Line 3
Line 2
Line 1
Test Set I/O Bits
AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0
Bit Decimal Equivalent
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
Example 1 Data = 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Example 2 Data = 21
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
X indicates unknown user bit state
B indicates bit of interest
To select a test set DUT control line configuration, all 8 DUT control lines must be set. To do this you
must add AD7 to AD0 binary number and convert this to a decimal equivalent.
38
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
DUT Control Lines
NOTE
All DUT control lines must be set with each command sent. Logic 0 = high
Figure 38
DUT Control Line Pin Assignment
Table 10
DUT Control Line Pin Assignment
Pin
Number
Signal Name
Description
1
Line 1
Output port of line 1
2
Line 2
Output port of line 2
3
Line 3
Output port of line 3
4
Line 4
Output port of line 4
5
Line 5
Output port of line 5
6
Line 6
Output port of line 6
7
Line 7
Output port of line 7
8
Line 8
Output port of line 8
9
Not used
10
Not used
11
Not used
12
+2 V to +5 V
The voltage input to pin 13. (The voltage can be varied by
rotating the voltage adjustment trimmer on the front panel).
13
Positive Input
Input a signal that is outputted when each line is high from
pin 12 or external dc power supply.
14
Negative Input
Input a signal that is outputted when each line is low from
the external dc power supply. Able to output 0 V as low from
the each line by connecting to pin 15.
15
Gnd
User’s Guide
ground terminal
39
U3025AE10
DUT Control Lines
Setting the Variable Source Voltage
The output voltage of pin 12 can be varied from +2 to +5 V. Perform the following procedure
to set the voltage:
1. Turn On U3025AE10.
2. Measure the voltage between pin 12 and 15 using a multimeter.
3. Rotate the voltage adjustment trimmer on the front panel until the multimeter
indicates the appropriate voltage.
Connecting to the DUT Control Lines
Figure 39 illustrates an example of the connection between the DUT and the U3025AE10
without an external dc power supply. Connect pin 12 to pin 13 for +5 V, and pin 14 to pin 15
to provide the ground path. Connect each DUT control line to the external device under
test.
CAUTION
You may only connect pin 12–13, and pin 14–15. Damage may result if any
other path is short–circuited.
Figure 39
Control Line Connector
40
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
DUT Control Lines
Using an External Power Supply
Figure 39 illustrates an example of the connection between the DUT and the U3025AE10
with an external dc power supply. Input the High and Low signals from the external power
supply to the Positive Input and Negative Input respectively, and connect each line to the
control terminal of the DUT.
Turning On the U3025AE10 using an External Power Supply.
1. Turning On the U3025AE10.
2. Connect the DUT.
3. Turn On the external power supply.
Turning Off the U3025AE10 using an External Power Supply.
1. Turning Off the Power Supply.
2. Turning Off the U3025AE10.
3. Disconnect the DUT.
Figure 40
User’s Guide
U3025AE10 to the DUT and External DC Power Supply
41
U3025AE10
Table 11
DUT Control Lines
DUT Control Specifications
Item
Specifications
Connector Shape
15–pin female D–Sub
Voltage Range:
Figure 41
42
Positive Input
0 to +5 V
Negative Input
–5 to 0 V
Maximum Current
100 mA (in total of each line)
Impedance
< 10 Ω
Range of Variable Voltage
+2 to +5 V
Block Diagram of DUT Control
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Operational Check
Operational Check
This section provides the test calibration procedure to confirm the U3025AE10 and PNA
operational performance. The operation verification limits provided ensure that your
U3025AE10 and PNA are operating properly.
Verification Limits
Specifications for the U3025AE10 Multiport Test Set are typical. System performance for
the PNA and Test Set are only characteristic and intended as non warranted information.
A functional certificate is provided for the U3025AE10 only.
It is recommended that you return your instrument to Agilent Technologies for servicing or
repair if the Test Set and PNA performance exceed the operational verification limits.
Typical specifications are based on 1 to 2 units performance.
NOTE
Table 12
Operational Check Reflection Tracking Loss
Frequency
Standard (dB)
Option 001 (dB)
10 MHz to 45 MHz
−0.5
−1.0
45 MHz to 500 MHz
+3.0
2.5
500 MHz to 2 GHz
+0.5
0
2 GHz to 10 GHz
−1.5
−2.0
10 GHz to 20 GHz
−3.5
−4.0
20 GHz to 30 GHz
−6.5
−11.5
30 GHz to 40 GHz
−8
−12.5
40 GHz to 45 GHz
−10.5
−14.0
45 GHz to 50 GHz
−12.5
−16.0
NOTE
User’s Guide
If you suspect that your 12-Port configuration is not operating properly,
ensure that all front RF jumper interconnect cables are correctly attached.
43
U3025AE10
Operational Check
Equipment Required
The Agilent U3025AE10 requires that the user be familiar with the equipment and
components listed in Table 13.
This section provides an equipment list and setup of the PNA and Test Set.
Table 13
Equipment List
Description
Qty
E8364B/C 2-Port Network Analyzer (Option 014 or 551) or
N5230A/C 2-Port Network Analyzer (Option 525 or 551)
1
N4693A ECal Module with a female connector, or a 2.4 mm Cal kit
(85056B, 85057D, etc.)
1
Set of interconnect cables (PNA and Test Set), see “12-Port RF Cable
Connections” on page 17.
1
44
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Operational Check
Operational Check Procedure with E8363/4B or N5230A
The sequence of this procedure is very important and must be followed or the performance
accuracy and results may vary from the reference plots provided.
Prepare the PNA
1. Connect the Test Set to the E836/34B or N5230A using the interconnect cables as
shown in Figure 10 on page 18 and Table 8 on page 17.
2. On the PNA, press Calibration > Cal Sets. Delete or Rename any Cal Sets titled “999.1”
thru “999.12” (12-Port), although it is unlikely that you will find Cal Sets with these
names.
3. Verify that the PNA is in 12-Port mode by selecting Trace > New Trace.
a. If only four S-Parameters are listed, press System > Configure > Multiport
Capability. On the Multiport Restart dialog, select Restart as multiport PNA with
this test set. Select U3025AE10 (12-Port).
4. Press System > Preset.
5. Verify that the [Stop Frequency] is set to the maximum of the PNA and test set.
6. Verify that the [Start Frequency] is set to [10 MHz]. If not, press Channel > Start/Stop
and enter [10 MHz].
7. Verify that the [Power] is to set to [−17 dBm]. If not, press [Power] > Power Level and
enter [−17 dBm].
8. Select Sweep > IF Bandwidth > 100 Hz.
9. Select Sweep > Number of Points > 401.
10.Connect the ECal module to the PNA USB port on the front or rear panel. This
procedure assumes you are using a ECal. If you are not, see “1-Port Calibration
Procedure”, step 2 on page 47.
User’s Guide
45
U3025AE10
Figure 42
Operational Check
Test Set to PNA Connections
11.Allow the ECal module, Test Set and PNA to warm up for a minimum of 30 minutes.
46
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Operational Check
1-Port Calibration Procedure
1. Connect the ECal or the mechanical cal kit to Port 1 or the port you are testing.
Torque to 8 in-lb. For more information press the Help button, see Figure 43.
Figure 43
ECal at Port 1
2. Perform a 1-Port Calibration on Port 1. On the PNA, press Calibration > Calibration
Wizard.
a. If using a mechanical cal kit, select SmartCal.
b. If using an ECal module, select ECal.
3. Continue following the Cal Wizard prompts. In the “Select Calibration Ports and ECal
Module” window, press Clear All and select Port 1, then press Next.
Figure 44
1-Port Calibration
Help
User’s Guide
47
U3025AE10
Operational Check
4. In the “Electronic Calibration Step 1 of 1” window, press Measure.
5. At the Calibration Completed prompt, select Save As User Calset and type the name
999.1. Overwrite the Calset if it already exists. Press Save.
NOTE
Figure 45
If you do not have a key board, select Save As User Calset > Edit Name and
save as 999.x. X is the port number you are calibrating. See Figure 45.
Calibration Complete
6. Repeat step 1 thru step 5 (1-Port Calibration Procedure) for Ports 2 thru 12. When
finished, there should be twelve Cal Sets saved with the titles “999.1” thru “999.12”
(12-Port).
If you are using an ECal module you can verify the individual port calibration by
selecting Calibration > ECal Confidence Check. For further information refer to the
system Help menu.
7. Press Trace > Delete Trace. There should be no traces on the PNA screen.
8. Select Calibration > Cal Set Viewer to launch the Cal Set Viewer toolbar. Refer to
Figure 46 on page 49.
48
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Figure 46
Operational Check
Calibration, Cal Set Viewer
9. From the Cal Sets drop-down menu, select 999.x (the next sequential number). Select
the Reflection Tracking(1,1) term in the center drop-down menu and ensure that the
Enable and Error Terms are selected as shown in Figure 47.
NOTE
Figure 47
You may also create a table on the PNA and enter the limit line stimulus and
response values. Select Limit Test ON and Limit Line ON, and press Show
Table. See Figure 47.
Limit Values for Reflection Tracking Trace (Port 1-12)
Error Terms
Enable
User’s Guide
49
U3025AE10
Operational Check
10.Compare the Reflection Tracking (1,1) trace to the appropriate limits in Table 12 on
page 43. This can be done using Limit Lines (press Trace > Limit Test) or Marker. The
trace should be above the limit line and PASS will be displayed on the screen. Refer to
Figure 48.
11.Repeat step 9 and step 10 for Cal Sets “999.1” thru “999.12” (12-Port).
Figure 48
50
E8364B/C Reflection Tracking Trace (Ports 1-12)
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Operational Check
Operational Check Procedure with E8363/4C and N5230C
1. Connect the Test Set to the 2-Port E8363/4C or N5230C 2-Port PNA as shown in Figure
10, Table 11 on page 42, Table 8 and Table 8 on page 17.
2. Turn On the Test Set.
3. On the E8363/4C and N5230C, press Response > CAL > Manage CALS > CAL Set.
Delete or Rename any Cal Sets titled “999.1” thru “999.12” (12-Port), although it is
unlikely that you will find Cal Sets with these names.
4. Verify that the PNA is in 12-Port. See the bottom of the measurement window.
a. If only four S-Parameters are listed, press Utility > System > Configure > Multiport
Capability. On the Multiport Restart dialog, select Restart as multiport PNA with
this test set. Select U3025AE10 (12-Port).
5. Press Preset.
6. Verify that the [Stop Frequency] is set to [50 GHz].
7. Verify that the [Start Frequency] is set to [10 MHz].
8. Verify that the [Power] is to set to [−17 dBm]. If not, press [Power] > Power Level and
enter [−17 dBm].
9. Select Response > Avg > IF Bandwidth > 100 Hz. See Figure 49.
10.Select Stimulus > Sweep > Number of Points > 401.
11.Connect the ECal module to the network analyzer USB port on the front or rear panel.
This procedure assumes you are using a ECal. If you are not, see “1-Port Calibration
Procedure” step 2 on page 47.
12.Allow the ECal module, Test Set and PNA to warm up for a minimum of 30 minutes.
Figure 49
User’s Guide
Setting the IF Bandwidth
51
U3025AE10
Operational Check
Operational Check Procedure for E8363/4C and N5230C Systems
1. Connect the ECal or the mechanical cal kit to Port 1 or the port you are testing. Torque
to 8 in-lb. For more information press the Help button, see Figure 50.
2. Perform a 1-Port Calibration on Port 1. On the PNA, press Response > CAL > Start Cal
> Calibration Wizard.
a. If using a mechanical cal kit, select SmartCal.
b. If using an ECal module, select ECal.
3. Continue following the Cal Wizard prompts. In the “Select Calibration Ports and ECal
Module” window, press Clear All and select Port 1, then press Next.
Figure 50
1-Port Calibration
4. Continue to follow the prompts until the “Calibration Completed” window appears.
52
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Operational Check
5. At the Calibration Completed prompt, select Save As User Calset and type the name
999.1. Overwrite the Calset if it already exists. Press Save.
NOTE
If you do not have a key board, select Save As User Calset > Edit Name and
save as 999.x. X is the port number you are calibrating. See Figure 51. Use
the numeric keypad on the PNA front panel to enter "999.1."
Figure 51
Calibration Complete
6. Repeat step 1 thru step 5 (1-Port Calibration Procedure) for Ports 2 thru 12. When
finished, there should be twelve Cal Sets saved with the titles “999.1” thru “999.12”
(12-Port).
If you are using an ECal module you can verify the individual port calibration by
selecting Response > CAL > More > ECAL > ECAL Confidence Check. For further
information refer to the system Help menu.
7. Press Trace/Chan > Trace > Delete Trace. There should be no traces on the PNA screen.
User’s Guide
53
U3025AE10
Operational Check
8. To launch the Cal Set Viewer toolbar. Select Response > CAL > Manage CALS >
CAL Set Viewer.
Figure 52
Calibration, Cal Set Viewer
9. From the Cal Sets drop-down menu, select 999.1 and check Enable. Select the
Reflection Tracking(1,1) term in the center drop-down menu and ensure that the
Enable and Error Terms are selected.
NOTE
You may also create a table on the network analyzer and enter the limit line
stimulus and response values. Select Limit Test ON and Limit Line ON, and
select Show Table. See Figure 53.
Figure 53
PNA-X Setting the Test Limits
54
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Figure 54
Operational Check
Reflection Tracking Trace (Port 1-2)
10.Compare the Reflection Tracking (1,1) trace to the appropriate limits in Table 12 on
page 43. This can be done using Limit Lines (press Marker/Analysis > Analysis > Limit
Test). The trace should be above the limit. PASS will be displayed on the screen if the
limit lines are used.
11.Repeat step 9 and step 10 for Cal Sets “999.1” thru “999.12” (12-Port).
NOTE
User’s Guide
For Ports 3-12 the response from 10 MHz to 500 MHz is normal due to the
PNA-X Couplers in comparison to the U3022AE10 bridges. The bridges have
more gain in the coupled RF path.
55
U3025AE10
Operational Check
Troubleshooting Operational Check Failures
If your test results fail the Operational Check limits, verify following:
1. Insure that the test set is turned on and connected properly to the PNA.
2. Check all appropriate network analyzer and test set connectors for damage, cleanliness,
and proper torque.
3. Repeat the relevant 1-Port calibrations.
4. Verify that the stand-alone network analyzer is operating properly and meeting its
published specifications. Refer to “Network Analyzer Requirement” on page 4.
Interconnect Cable Verification
1. Connect the Test Set to the PNA and select Multiport mode.
2. Verify the Source Interconnect RF cables (Source Out and CPLR THRU).
a. Remove the Receiver and CPLR ARM interconnect cables and install the standard
PNA jumpers.
b. Connect an RF cable from Port 1 to Port 2 on the PNA.
c. Set the PNA to measure Trace S12 and S21 and verify that there are no power holes.
If S12 has a power hole check the Port-2 Source interconnect cables and test set
connectors for damage. If S21 has a power hole check the Port-1 Source interconnect
cables and test set connectors for damage.
3. Verify the Receiver Interconnect RF cables (Receiver A IN or B IN and CPLR ARM).
a. Re-install the Receiver and CPLR ARM interconnect cables.
b. Remove the Source Out and CPLR THRU interconnect cables and install the
standard PNA jumpers.
c. Connect an RF cable from Port 1 to Port 2 on the PNA.
d. Set the PNA to measure Trace S12 and S21, and verify that there are no power holes.
If S12 has a power hole check the Port-1 Receiver Interconnect cables and test set
connectors for damage. If S21 has a power hole check the Port-2 Receiver
Interconnect cables and test set connectors for damage.
4. If the problem still exists, connect the standard jumpers to the PNA (Source and
Receiver) and verify the Source Out to CPLR THRU and A/B IN to CPLR ARM switch
paths.
a. Set the PNA to measure trace S12.
b. Connect Port-1 to Source Out and Port-2 to CPLR THRU connectors on the test set.
If a power hole still exists refer to “Contacting Agilent” on page 65.
c. Connect Port-1 to Receiver A IN or B IN and Port-2 to CPLR ARM connectors on the
test set. If a power hole still exists refer to “Contacting Agilent” on page 65.
56
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Theory of Operation
Theory of Operation
The following is a description of the operation of the U3025AE10. Reference the
U3025AE10 block diagrams shown in Figure 55 on page 58. This section assumes the user
has a general understanding of couplers, switches, and network analyzers.
RF Switch Components
All RF switches are mechanical. The switches select the RF paths from the PNA Source
and Receiver through interconnect cables to Test Set port paths 3 through 12.
Source to Odd Ports (1-11)
The Port 1 Source Output from the PNA is routed into a matrix of switches in the Test Set.
This matrix routes the Source to one of the 6 odd ports and terminates the other odd ports.
Source to Even Ports (2-12)
The Port 2 Source Output from the PNA is routed into a matrix of switches in the Test Set.
This matrix routes the Source to one of the 6 even ports and terminates the other even
ports.
Receiver to Odd Ports (1-11)
The Port 1 Receiver Input from the PNA is routed into a matrix of switches in the Test Set.
This matrix routes one of the signals from the 6 odd ports to the PNA “A Receiver” and
terminates the other odd ports.
Receiver to Even Ports (2-12)
The Port 2 Receiver Input from the PNA is routed into a matrix of switches in the Test Set.
This matrix routes one of the signals from the 6 even ports to the PNA “B Receiver” and
terminates the other even ports.
RF Coupler Components
Test set ports (3 - 12) provide the signal separation of the source and receiver paths. The
test set ports can either stimulate or receive a signal to the DUT.
User’s Guide
57
U3025AE10
Theory of Operation
System Block Diagrams
Figure 55
58
Standard Configuration
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Service Information
Service Information
Refer to “Contacting Agilent” on page 65.
WARNING
No operator serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to qualified
personnel. To prevent electrical shock do not remove covers.
WARNING
These servicing instructions are for use by qualified personnel only.
To avoid electrical shock, do not perform any servicing unless you
are qualified to do so.
Replaceable Parts
NOTE
Special options are built to order, so long lead times may be encountered
when ordering replacement parts.
Description
Agilent
Part Number
Interconnect Cable
8120-6818
RF Cable, Semi-rigid
U3025-20044
RF Cable, Semi-rigid
U3025-20045
Lock Feet
5023-0132
Lock Feet Kit
5063-9253
Screw
0515-1619
User’s Guide
59
U3025AE10
Safety and Regulatory Information
Safety and Regulatory Information
Introduction
Review this product and related documentation to familiarize yourself with safety
markings and instructions before you operate the instrument. The documentation contains
information and warnings that must be followed by the user to ensure safe operation and
to maintain the product in a safe condition.
Before Applying Power
Verify that the product is configured to match the available main power source. If this
product is to be powered by autotransformer, make sure the common terminal is connected
to the neutral (grounded) side of the ac power supply.
Connector Care and Cleaning
If alcohol is used to clean the connectors, the power cord to the instrument must be
removed. All cleaning should take place in a well ventilated area. Allow adequate time for
the fumes to disperse and moist alcohol to evaporate prior to energizing the instrument.
WARNING
To prevent electrical shock, disconnect the Agilent Technologies
model product from mains before cleaning. Use a dry cloth or one
slightly dampened with water to clean the external case parts. Do
not attempt to clean internally.
Shipping Instructions
You must always call the Agilent Technologies Instrument Support Center to initiate
service before retuning your instrument to a service office. See “Contacting Agilent” on
page 65. Always transport or ship the instrument using the original packaging if possible.
If not, comparable packaging must be used. Attach a complete description of the failure
symptoms.
Declaration of Conformity
A declaration of conformity is on file for the PNA models, and a copy is available upon
request.
60
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Safety and Regulatory Information
Compliance with German Noise Requirements
This is to declare that this instrument is in conformance with the German Regulation on
Noise Declaration for Machines (Laermangabe nach der Maschinenlaermrerordnung-3.
GSGV Deutschland).
Acoustic Noise Emission/Geraeuschemission
LpA<70 dB
Lpa<70 dB
Operator Position
am Arbeitsplatz
Normal Operation
normaler Betrieb
per ISO 7779
nach DIN 45635 t. 19
EMC Information
Complies with European EMC Directive 89/336/EEC, amended by 93/68/EEC
• IEC/EN 61326
This product complies with the radiated electromagnetic field immunity requirement in
IEC/EN 61326 using performance criterion B. Degradation of some product specifications
can occur in the presence of ambient electromagnetic fields. The product self-recovers and
operates as specified when the ambient field is removed.
• CISPR Pub 11 Group 1, class A
• AS/NZS CISPR 11:2002
• This ISM device complies with Canadian ICES-001.
Cet appareil ISM est conforme a la norme NMB du Canada.
Safety Information
Complies with European Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC
• IEC/EN 61010-1:2001
• Canada: CSA C22.2 No. 61010-1:2001
• USA: UL 61010-1
User’s Guide
61
U3025AE10
Safety and Regulatory Information
Warnings
WARNING
The WARNING notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a
procedure, practice, or the like, which if not correctly performed or
adhered to, could result in personal injury. Do not proceed beyond a
WARNING notice until the indicated conditions are fully understood
and met.
Warnings applicable to this instrument are:
WARNING
To prevent electrical shock, disconnect the Agilent Technologies
U3025AE10 from the mains before cleaning. Use a dry cloth or one
slightly dampened with water to clean the external case parts. Do
not attempt to clean internally.
WARNING
For continued protection against fire hazard replace line fuse only
with same type and rating:• Fuse 5A/250V, Part Number 2110-0709
The use of other fuses or material is prohibited.
WARNING
This is a Safety Class I product (provided with a protective earthing
ground incorporated in the power cord). The mains plug shall be
inserted only into a socket outlet provided with a protective earth
contact. Any interruption of the protective conductor, inside or
outside the instrument, is likely to make the instrument dangerous.
Intentional interruption is prohibited.
WARNING
No operator serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to qualified personnel.
To prevent electrical shock do not remove covers.
WARNING
The opening of covers or removal of parts is likely to expose
dangerous voltages. Disconnect the instrument from all voltage
sources while it is being opened.
WARNING
If this product is not used as specified, the protection provided by
the equipment could be impaired. This product must be used in a
normal condition (in which all means for protection are intact) only.
WARNING
The detachable power cord is the instrument disconnecting device.
It disconnects the mains circuits from the mains supply before other
parts of the instrument. The front panel switch is only a standby
switch and is not a LINE switch (disconnecting device).
62
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Safety and Regulatory Information
Cautions
CAUTION
The CAUTION notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an operating
procedure, practice, or the like, which if not correctly performed or adhered to,
could result in damage to the product or loss of important data. Do not
proceed beyond a CAUTION notice until the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
Cautions applicable to this instrument are:
CAUTION
Always use the three-prong ac power cord supplied with this instrument.
Failure to ensure adequate earth grounding (by not using this cord) can cause
instrument damage.
CAUTION
This instrument has autoranging line voltage input; be sure the supply
voltage is within the specified range.
CAUTION
Ventilation Requirements: When installing the instrument in a cabinet, the
convection into and out of the instrument must not be restricted. The ambient
temperature (outside the cabinet) must be less than the maximum operating
temperature of the instrument by 4 °C for every 100 watts dissipated in the
cabinet. If the total power dissipated in the cabinet is greater than 800 watts,
forced convection must be used.
CAUTION
This product is designed for use in Installation Category II and Pollution
Degree 2 per IEC 61010-1:2000, and 664 respectively.
User’s Guide
63
U3025AE10
Safety and Regulatory Information
Instrument Markings
The instruction documentation symbol. The product is marked with this symbol
when it is necessary for the user to refer to the instructions in the documentation.
This symbol indicates that the instrument requires alternating current (ac) input.
This symbol indicates separate collection for electrical and electronic equipment,
mandated under EU law as of August 13, 2005. All electric and electronic equipment
are required to be separated from normal waste for disposal (Reference WEEE
Directive, 2002/96/EC).
This symbol indicates that the power line switch is ON.
This symbol indicates that the power line switch is in the STANDBY position.
This symbol indicates that the power line switch is in the OFF position.
This symbol is used to identify a terminal which is internally connected to the
product frame or chassis.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the European Community. (If accompanied
by a year, it is when the design was proven.)
The CSA mark is a registered trademark of the Canadian Standards Association.
This instrument complies with Canada: CSA 22.2 No. 000000061010-1, Second
Edition.
This is a symbol of an Industrial Scientific and Medical Group 1 Class A product.
ICES/NMB-001
This is a marking to indicate product compliance with the Canadian
Interference-Causing Equipment Standard (ICES-001).
Direct Current.
This is a required mark signifying compliance with an EMC requirement. The C-Tick
mark is a registered trademark of the Australian Spectrum Management Agency.
China RoHS regulations include requirements related to packaging, and require
compliance to China standard GB18455-2001.
This symbol indicates compliance with the China RoHS regulations for
paper/fiberboard packaging.
64
User’s Guide
U3025AE10
Contacting Agilent
Contacting Agilent
Assistance with test and measurement needs, and information on finding a local Agilent
office are available on the Internet at:
http://www.agilent.com/find/assist
You can also purchase accessories or documentation items on the Internet at:
http://www.agilent.com/find
If you do not have access to the Internet, contact your field engineer.
NOTE
User’s Guide
In any correspondence or telephone conversation, refer to the product by its
model number and full serial number. With this information, the Agilent
representative can determine whether your unit is still within its warranty
period.
65
U3025AE10
66
Contacting Agilent
User’s Guide