Extech Instruments HD300 User guide

User Guide
Heavy Duty CFM-CMM Thermo-Anemometer
With built-in non-contact IR Thermometer and Laser Pointer
Model HD300
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the Extech HD300 CFM Thermo-Anemometer. This
handheld meter measures and displays air velocity, air flow (volume), temperature of air,
and surface temperature (using the built-in non-contact IR thermometer). This meter is
shipped fully tested and calibrated and, with proper use, will provide years of reliable
service.
Features
CFM/CMM Thermo-Anemometer with built-in non-contact IR Thermometer
measures remote surfaces to 932°F (500°C) with a 30:1 distance to spot ratio and
Laser pointer.
Simultaneous display of Air Flow or Air Velocity plus ambient temperature.
Eight (8) memory locations permit the user to store multiple air duct AREA values
for fast and easy recall.
Twenty (20) reading average for Air Flow or Air Velocity.
Large backlit LCD display.
3% velocity accuracy via low friction 2.83” (72mm) ball-bearing vane wheel on a
3.9’ (120cm) cable.
Data Hold and Max/Min/Avg.
Auto Power OFF (can be disengaged).
Safety
• Use extreme caution when the laser pointer beam is on
• Do not point the beam toward anyone's eye or allow the beam
to strike the eye from a reflective surface
• Do not use the laser near explosive gases or in other
potentially explosive areas
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
Meter Description
1.
LED display for Air Velocity, Air Flow, Probe
Temperature, and remote surface
temperature. Units of measurement and user
alerts are also displayed on the LCD.
2.
Vane Sensor. Hold the sensor in the flow of
air to take a reading.
3.
IR sensor: Non-contact temperature
measurement for remote surfaces.
3 4
6
1
4.
Laser Pointer: Helps the user aim the IR
sensor.
7
5
5.
Battery access: Cover on rear panel
8
6.
PC interface jack: Use the supplied cable to
connect meter to a PC
7.
Upper Keypad (brief descriptions below):
2
IRT: Press and hold to measure remote surface temperature. Release to hold the
temperature value on the display.
MAX/MIN (for air temperature measurements): Used to record and store the
highest and lowest readings for temperature measurements made by the vane
probe.
AVG: Used to obtain Average for multi-point measurements in either FLOW or
VELOCITY modes. Up to twenty (20) points can be averaged.
HOLD
(for air temperature measurements): Press to freeze the displayed
temperature reading measured by the probe. Press again to unlock the display.
Press and hold for 2 seconds to activate the LCD backlight. Press and hold again
for 2 seconds to turn the backlight off.
8.
Lower Keypad
On/Off button
: Press to turn the meter ON or OFF
MAX/MIN
(for air velocity and air flow): Press to record and store the highest,
lowest and continuous moving average readings for single point measurements.
This button also functions as the decimal positioning tool in the AREA mode.
C-F UNITS : Press to select the mode of operation and unit of measure. In FLOW
mode, the meter displays air volume. In VELOCITY mode, the meter displays air
speed. This button also functions as the UP arrow button in AREA mode.
AREA / NEXT: Press and hold to enter the AREA mode. The NEXT function allows
the user to save AREA values to any of eight memory locations. This button is also
used to clear stored readings in the MAX/MIN/AVG modes.
HOLD
(for air velocity and air flow measurements) Backlight: Press to freeze
the displayed air velocity or air flow reading. Press again to unlock display. This
button also functions as the right arrow button in the AREA mode.
NOTE: Battery Compartment and Tripod Mount are located on the reverse side of the meter
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
Operation
Side view of Vane
Air Velocity Measurements
1.
Connect the sensor to the sensor input jack on top of
the meter.
2.
Turn ON the meter using the on-off
3.
Select the VELOCITY function using the UNITS button.
Press the button repeatedly until the LCD displays
VEL.
Arrow
button.
4.
Press and hold the UNITS button for 2 seconds (until
two tones are heard) to change the temperature units
from °C to °F or from °F to °C. The LCD will reflect the
selection.
5.
Select the desired air velocity units using the UNITS
button. The LCD will reflect the selection.
6.
Place the sensor in the air current to be measured with
the arrow on the inlet side of the vane (see diagram).
7.
View the air velocity and temperature readings on the LCD Display.
airflow
Air Flow (Volume) Measurements (CFM / CMM)
1.
Connect the sensor to the sensor input jack on top of the meter.
2.
Turn on the meter using the on-off
3.
Select the FLOW mode using the UNITS button. Press the button repeatedly until the
LCD displays FLOW CFM (cubic feet per minute) or FLOW CMM (cubic meters per
minute) as desired.
4.
Measure the dimensions of the duct or vent in question and calculate the area in
square feet or square meters
button.
Note: If the dimensional measurements are made in inches (or cm), convert them feet (or
meters) before calculating the square area.
2
2
5.
To begin entering the area in m or ft press and hold the AREA button for approx. 2
seconds (until two tones are heard).
6.
Momentarily press the NEXT button to select the desired memory location to store the
area value (there are eight locations).
7.
Use the
button to change the value of the flashing digit, use the
select another digit, and use the
button to move the decimal point.
8.
Press and hold the AREA button for approx. 2 seconds (until two tones are heard) to
save the area value in memory.
9.
Place the sensor in the air current to be measured with the symbol on the inlet side of
the vane.
button to
10. View the air flow and temperature readings on the LCD Display.
11.
If the CFM or CMM reading exceeds 9999, the display will show the X10 or X100
multiplier in the lower right hand corner of the LCD indicating that the displayed value
must be multiplied by 10 or 100 to arrive at the correct flow measurement value.
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
Non-contact IR Surface Temperature Measurements
The built-in IR sensor can remotely measure the temperature of just about any surface.
The Laser pointer allows the user to aim accurately when taking remote measurements.
button.
1.
Turn ON the meter using the on-off
2.
The IR sensor is located at the top of the meter.
3.
Point the sensor toward the surface to be measured.
4.
Press and hold the IRT button to begin measuring the
surface temperature of a desired target. IR TEMP and
will appear on the display. The laser pointer will
switch on to help aim the meter.
5.
The measured IR surface temperature will appear on the
LCD. The temperature displayed is the temperature of
the area within the spot.
6.
When the IRT button is released, the laser pointer will
switch off and the reading will freeze (data hold) on the
display for approximately 7 seconds.
7.
After the 7 second hold time the meter returns to the Air
Velocity/Flow and Air Temperature mode.
WARNING: Do not directly view or direct the laser pointer at an eye. Low power
visible lasers do not normally present a hazard, but may present some potential for
hazard if viewed directly for extended periods of time.
Data Hold
1.
The HOLD button in the upper keypad area freezes the displayed vane temperature
reading. Press again to unlock the display.
2.
The HOLD button in the lower keypad area freezes the displayed air velocity or air
flow measurements. Press again to unlock the display.
3.
The HOLD indicator will appear on the LCD when the display is in Data Hold mode.
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
MIN-MAX-AVG Recording Modes
The HD300 has several MIN-MAX-AVG modes described separately below. MIN-MAXAVG functions are available for all measurements made with the vane sensor (air velocity,
air flow, and air temperature).
Continuous Moving Average
In the Continuous Moving Average mode the meter displays the continuous average
of the measured readings for up to a 10 hour period.
1. Turn the meter ON.
2. Place the sensor in the air stream.
3. Press the MAX-MIN button in the lower keypad area for air velocity / flow.
4. Press the MAX-MIN button in the upper keypad area for air temperature.
5. The meter will begin averaging readings once per second.
Single Point Min-Max-Avg
In the Single Point Average Mode the meter takes a reading once per second and
stores the highest, lowest, and average readings.
1. Turn the meter ON.
2. Place the sensor in the air stream.
3. Press the MAX-MIN button (lower keypad area for air velocity/flow; upper
keypad area for air temperature) to enter the REC mode and display only
the highest reading (display will show REC MAX).
4. Press again to view the MIN value (display will show REC MIN). Now the
display will show only the lowest reading.
5. Press again to view the AVG value (display will show REC AVG).
6. To return to normal operation mode, press and hold the MAX-MIN button
until two tones are heard.
Multi-point Average
In the Multi-Point Average Mode the meter averages up to 20 Air Velocity readings.
1. Turn the meter ON.
2. Press and hold the AVG button for 2 seconds (until two beeps are heard). A
‘0’ will display in the upper right hand corner of the LCD and ‘AVG’ will
appear on the bottom of the LCD.
3. Place the sensor in the air stream under test.
4. Press the AVG button momentarily to capture the reading (a single tone will
be heard) and the HOLD and AVG icons will appear on the bottom of the
LCD. The ‘0’ that was displayed previously will increment to ‘1’. This
number will increment with each successive press of the AVG button.
5. Take more readings (up to a maximum of 20) in the same fashion as
described in step 4.
6. The LCD will display the average of all the readings taken since the multipoint mode was accessed in step 2.
7. To return to normal operation, press and hold the AVG button for 2 seconds
(until two tones are heard).
8. To clear the stored readings after exiting the Multi-point Average mode,
press the AREA button once.
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
Battery Replacement
When the battery icon appears on the LCD, the 9V battery must be replaced.
1.
The battery compartment is located on the rear of the meter.
2.
Press in and down on the arrow located above the tilt stand hinge.
3.
Replace the 9V battery and the battery cover
Auto Power OFF override
The HD300 is programmed to turn off automatically after idling for 15 minutes. This is
designed to save battery life in the event the meter is left ON inadvertently. (Note: When
the meter is in the “CFF/CMM” or “Average” mode, Auto Power Off is disabled.)
To over-ride this feature:
1.
Turn the meter OFF
2.
Turn the meter ON while holding down the IRT
3.
Release the button when
4.
The meter will now remain ON until the user manually turns if OFF.
5.
The next time the meter is turned OFF the Auto Power OFF function will be reactivated.
button.
appears in the display.
USB PC Interface and Software
The HD300 is equipped with a communication jack on its upper left side. The supplied
communications cable connects to this jack and to a USB port on a PC. The supplied
software allows the user to view and save readings to the PC. Instructions for use and
features are detailed in the supplied software HELP utility.
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
IR Theory
IR thermometers measure the surface temperature of an object. The meter’s optics sense
emitted, reflected, & transmitted energy that is collected and focused onto the meter’s
detector. The meter’s circuitry translates this information into an LCD reading.
InfraRed Measurement Considerations
•
When taking IR measurements the meter automatically compensates for ambient
temperature changes. Note that it may take up to 30 minutes to adjust to extremely
wide ambient changes.
•
Low temperature measurements quickly followed by high temperature measurements
may require several minutes to stabilize as a result of the IR sensor cooling process.
•
If the surface of the object under test is covered with frost, oil, grime, etc., clean before
taking measurements.
•
If an object's surface is highly reflective apply masking tape or flat black paint before
measuring.
•
Steam, dust, smoke, etc. can obstruct measurements.
•
To find a hot spot, aim the meter outside the area of interest then scan across (in an up
and down motion) until the hot spot is located.
•
IR measurements cannot be made through glass.
IR Field of View
Ensure that the desired target is larger than the spot size. As the distance from an object
increases, the spot size of the area measured by the meter becomes larger. The meter’s
field of view ratio is 30:1, meaning that if the meter is 30 inches (cm) from the target, the
diameter (spot) of the object under test must be at least 1 inch (cm). Refer below to the
field of view diagram.
Emissivity
Most organic materials and painted or oxidized surfaces have an emissivity of 0.95.
Inaccurate readings will result when measuring shiny or polished surfaces. To
compensate, cover the surface under test with masking tape or flat black paint. Allow time
for the tape to reach the same temperature as the material underneath then measure the
temperature of the tape or the painted surface.
8
HD300 V2.0 11/07
Thermal Emissivity Table for Common Materials
Material
Emissivity
Material
Emissivity
Asphalt
0.90 to 0.98
Cloth (black)
0.98
Concrete
0.94
Human skin
0.98
Cement
0.96
Leather
0.75 to 0.80
Sand
0.90
Charcoal (powder)
0.96
Earth
0.92 to 0.96
Lacquer
0.80 to 0.95
Water
0.67
Lacquer (matt)
0.97
Ice
0.96 to 0.98
Rubber (black)
0.94
Snow
0.83
Plastic
0.85 to 0.95
Glass
0.85 to 1.00
Timber
0.90
Ceramic
0.90 to 0.94
Paper
0.70 to 0.94
Marble
0.94
Chromium oxides
0.81
Plaster
0.80 to 0.90
Copper Oxides
0.78
Mortar
0.89 to 0.91
Iron Oxides
0.78 to 0.82
Brick
0.93 to 0.96
Textiles
0.90
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
Useful Equations and Conversions
AREA equation for rectangular or square ducts
Height (H)
Area (A) = Width (W) x Height (H)
Width (W)
Area equation for circular ducts
Area (A) =
Radius
Where
πx
r2
π = 3.14 and r2 = radius x radius
Cubic equations
3
2
CFM (ft /min) = Air Velocity (ft/min) x Area (ft )
3
2
CMM (m /min) = Air Velocity (m/sec) x Area (m ) x 60
NOTE: Measurements made in inches
must be converted to feet or meters before using the above formulae.
Unit of Measure Conversion Table
m/s
ft/min
knots
km/h
MPH
1
196.87
1.944
3.6
2.24
1 ft/min
0.00508
1
0.00987
0.01829
0.01138
1 knot
0.5144
101.27
1
1.8519
1.1523
1 km/h
0.2778
54.69
0.54
1
0.6222
1 MPH
0.4464
87.89
0.8679
1.6071
1
1 m/s
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
Specifications
General Specifications
Display
Dual Display Multi-function LCD with 9999 counts
Measurements
Air Velocity: m/s, km/h, ft/min, knots, mph;
3
3
Air Flow: CMM (m /min) and CFM (ft /min);
Air Temperature (through vane) and Surface Temperature
(using the IR thermometer function): °C and °F
Data Hold
Freezes displayed reading
Sampling rate
1 reading per second
Sensors
Air velocity/Air flow sensor: Conventional angled vane arms
with low-friction ball bearing. Air temperature sensor: Precision
thermistor (built into the vane assembly); Surface temperature
via non-contact IR sensor.
IR Distance to Spot ratio
30:1
IR Spectral response
6 to 14µm
IR Emissivity
0.95 fixed
MIN-MAX-AVG
Record and Recall lowest, highest, and average readings
Auto Power OFF
Automatic shut off after 15 minutes (can be disengaged)
PC Interface
USB PC Communication with supplied software and cable for
data acquisition
Over range indication
Dashes appears on the LCD
Low battery indication
Battery symbol appears on the LCD
Power supply
9V Battery
Operating conditions
Meter: 32 to 122 F (0 to 50 C); 80% RH max.
o
o
o
o
Sensor: 32 to 140 F (0 to 60 C)
Dimensions / Weight
Main instrument: 8.0 x 3.0 x1.9" (203 x 75 x 50mm)
Sensor head: 2.8” (72mm) diameter
Weight
9.8 oz. (280g)
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
Range Specifications
Air Velocity Measurements
Range
Resolution
Accuracy (%rdg)
m/s (meters per second)
0.40 – 30.00 m/s
0.01 m/s
± (3% + 0.20m/s)
km/h (kilometers per hour)
1.4 – 108.0 km/h
0.1 km/h
± (3% + 0.8km/h)
ft/min (feet per minute)
80 – 5900 ft/min
1 ft/min
± (3% + 40ft/min)
mph (miles per hour)
0.9 – 67.0 mph
0.1 mph
± (3% + 0.4m/h)
0.8 to 58.0 knots
0.1 knots
± (3% + 0.4knots)
Range
knots (nautical miles per hour)
Air Flow Measurements
Resolution
Area
3
0.001
0 to 999.9m
3
CMM (cubic meters per minute)
0-999,900 m /min
CFM (cubic feet per minute)
0-999,900 ft /min
0.001
0 to 999.9ft
Range
Resolution
Accuracy
Temperature
o
± 4 F (2 C)
o
±9 F (5 C)
o
±2% or ±4 F (2 C)
14 to 140 F (-10 to
o
60 C)
0.1 F/C
Surface Temperature (IR)
-58 to -4 F (-50 to
o
-20 C)
o
0.1 F/C
o
0.1 F/C
-4 to 932 F (-20 to
o
500 C)
12
o
o
o
2
o
Air Temperature (vane)
o
2
o
o
HD300 V2.0 11/07
Warranty
EXTECH INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION warrants this instrument to be free of defects
in parts and workmanship for three (3) years from date of shipment (a six month limited
warranty applies to sensors and cables). If it should become necessary to return the
instrument for service during or beyond the warranty period, contact the Customer Service
Department at (781) 890-7440 ext. 210 for authorization or visit our website
www.extech.com for contact information. A Return Authorization (RA) number must be
issued before any product is returned to Extech. The sender is responsible for shipping
charges, freight, insurance and proper packaging to prevent damage in transit. This
warranty does not apply to defects resulting from action of the user such as misuse,
improper wiring, operation outside of specification, improper maintenance or repair, or
unauthorized modification. Extech specifically disclaims any implied warranties or
merchantability or fitness for a specific purpose and will not be liable for any direct, indirect,
incidental or consequential damages. Extech's total liability is limited to repair or
replacement of the product. The warranty set forth above is inclusive and no other
warranty, whether written or oral, is expressed or implied.
Calibration and Repair Services
Extech offers repair and calibration services for the products we sell. Extech also
provides NIST certification for most products. Call the Customer Care Department for
information on calibration services available for this product. Extech recommends that
annual calibrations be performed to verify meter performance and accuracy.
Support line (781) 890-7440
Technical support: Extension 200; E-mail: support@extech.com
Repair & Returns: Extension 210; E-mail: repair@extech.com
Product specifications subject to change without notice
For the latest version of this User’s Guide, Software updates, and other
up-to-the-minute product information, visit our website: www.extech.com
Extech Instruments Corporation, 285 Bear Hill Rd., Waltham, MA 02451
Copyright © 2007 Extech Instruments Corporation.
All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.
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HD300 V2.0 11/07
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