Cisco CTX2500 Technical information

Quick Start Guide
Cisco ONS SONET TL1 for Beginners
Cisco ONS 15454, ONS 15327, ONS 15310-CL, ONS 15310-MA, ONS 15600
Note
The terms "Unidirectional Path Switched Ring" and "UPSR" may appear in Cisco
literature. These terms do not refer to using Cisco ONS 15xxx products in a
unidirectional path switched ring configuration. Rather, these terms, as well as
"Path Protected Mesh Network" and "PPMN," refer generally to Cisco's path
protection feature, which may be used in any topological network configuration.
Cisco does not recommend using its path protection feature in any particular
topological network configuration.
1
What is TL1?
2
TL1 Message Types and Examples
3
Connect to TL1
4
Log Into TL1
5
Command Actions and Categories
6
Ten Basic Commands
7
Log Out of TL1
8
Obtaining Documentation
9
Documentation Feedback
10 Cisco Product Security Overview
11 Obtaining Technical Assistance
12 Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
1 What is TL1?
Transaction Language 1 (TL1) is a set of ASCII (American Standard Code for Information
Interchange)-based instructions, or messages, that an operations support system (OSS) uses to manage
a network element (NE) and its resources. TL1 provides a standard set of messages that can be used
for communicating between operating systems and NEs, and personnel and NEs.
2 TL1 Message Types and Examples
There are two main types of standards-defined TL1 messages: command/responses and autonomous
messages.
1. Command/Responses—These are initiated by a user and provide two parts: a request to the NE
to set or get information, and a response from the NE containing completion or status codes and
requested information. Request, or input messages are used to issue the request portions of
command messages to the NE. Command messages are often referred to as command/response
messages, where the request portion is an input message (OSS to NE) and the response portion is
an output message (NE to OSS).
a. Set information—The simplest type of messages are those that set information or instruct the
NE to perform an action and return only a result with no data in the response:
Example: ENT-CRS-<STS_PATH> to create an STS cross-connection
b. Get information—Some TL1 commands get information or request information be returned
from the NE.
Example: RTRV-ALM-ALL to show the current status of all active alarm conditions
c. Response message—The response portion of a command message correlates to a particular
request message. If a command is successful, the NE sends a response message containing the
COMPLD code.
Example:
SV192-DATA-461 2003-08-05 10:35:17
2
M 123 COMPLD
;
If a command fails, the NE sends an error response which includes the DENY code and may
or may not contain an error message.
Example:
SV192-DATA-461 2003-08-05 10:35:17
M 123 DENY
;
3
The following list shows standard responses:
COMPLD—Completed
DENY—TL1 command failed
PRTL—Partially successful response. The requested action can be completed for some of the
specified AIDs but not for all of them.
RTRV—The response is successful but is lengthy and is being returned in multiple parts. Each
part has a RTRV response code, but the final response has a COMPLD response code.
d. Response acknowledgment—Responses may also include intermediate acknowledgment
messages. Brief messages that update the user as to the status of a given command are called
acknowledgments. When a command has been sent to the NE and the NE will take longer than
two seconds to respond, the NE sends an acknowledgment message to be followed later by
the full response. The Cisco ONS 15454, 15327 and 15310-CL support only the IP response.
Example: IP 123
>
The following list shows standard acknowledgment codes:
IP—In progress
2. Autonomous messages—These messages are used to report alarms, configuration changes or
condition changes. Many of these messages, such as those relating to alarm conditions, are
spontaneously triggered by the NE itself without intervention. Other messages, such as those
relating to the reporting of periodic condition states or performance data values are scheduled by
the NE user via other commands. Because you do not issue autonomous messages to the NE, they
do not include input formats or input examples.
Example: REPT ALM
For information on specific command and autonomous message syntax, refer to the
Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Command Guide.
4
3 Connect to TL1
The first step in using TL1 is to connect to TL1. You only have to connect to TL1 one time per session.
A session is a related set of communication transactions between two or more network devices. There
are three ways to connect to TL1: via CTC, telnet, or craft interface. Perform one of the following
procedures to connect to TL1.
Launch CTC and Open a TL1 Session
Step 1
From the PC connected to the ONS node, start Netscape or Internet Explorer.
Step 2
Enter the IP address of the node you want to communicate with in the Netscape or Internet
Explorer Web address (URL) field.
Step 3
Log into the CTC. The IP address at the title bar should match the IP address of the node you
entered in Step 2.
Step 4
Once logged into the CTC, there are two ways to open a TL1 session:
• Click Tools > Open TL1 Connection, or
• Click on the Open TL1 Connection button
on the toolbar.
Step 5
From the Select Node dialog box choose the node you want to communicate with.
Step 6
Click OK.
A TL1 interface window opens. There are three sub-windows in the TL1 interface window:
Request History, Message Log/Summary Log, and TL1 request. Type commands in the TL1
request window. You will see responses in the Message log window. The Request History
window allows you to recall previous commands by double-clicking on them.
Step 7
Verify that the Connect button is selected (grayed out).
Step 8
You are ready to log into TL1. Follow the steps in the “Log Into TL1” section on page 8.
5
Telnet to Open a TL1 Session
To communicate with the ONS NE using TL1 commands using a telnet session over a craft interface
or a LAN connection, you can choose from several ports.
• Port number 3083 is a telnet port that uses the telnet protocol and associated telnet escape
sequences.
• Port number 2361 is an alternative telnet port.
• Port number 3082 is a raw TCP/IP port; it will not echo and it will not prompt the user.
Step 1
At the DOS prompt, type cmd and press Enter. (The same steps can also be done from a Unix
prompt).
Step 2
At the DOS command prompt type:
TELNET <NODE IP ADDRESS OR NODE NAME> <PORT NUMBER> and press Enter.
The Node IP address or Node Name refers to the IP address or Node Name of the node you
want to communicate with. Port number is the port (2361, 3082, or 3083) where TL1
commands are understood. If the connection is successful, a screen opens with a prompt.
Step 3
You are ready to log into TL1. Follow the steps in the “Log Into TL1” section on page 8.
Use a Craft Interface to Open a TL1 Session
ONS 15454, ONS 15327, ONS 15310-CL, and ONS 15310-MA
The TCC2/TCC2P, XTC, 15310-CL-CTX, and CTX2500 cards have two built-in interface ports for
accessing the ONS 15454, ONS 15327, ONS 15310-CL, and ONS 15310-MA respectively. With one
RJ-45 LAN connection you can access the system using a standard browser interface. In the browser
interface, you can perform local and remote Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and
Provisioning (OAM&P) functions and open a VT100 emulation window to enter TL1 commands. If
a browser is not available, you can access the system using a nine-pin RS-232 port. The RS-232 port
supports VT100 emulation such that TL1 commands may be entered directly without a browser. The
ONS 15310-MA has two EIA/TIA-232 ports.
Step 1
Connect the serial cable to the RS-232 port on the active TCC2/TCC2P, XTC, 15310-CL-CTX,
or CTX2500 card.
6
Step 2
Configure the terminal emulation software (Hyperterminal):
a. Terminal emulation = vt100
b. Bits per second = 9600
c. Parity = None
d. Stop BITS = 1
e. Flow control = None
Step 3
Press Enter. An angle bracket prompt (>) appears.
Step 4
You are ready to log into TL1. Follow the steps in the “Log Into TL1” section on page 8.
ONS 15600
The TSC card has one RJ-45 port of the faceplate. The RJ-45 port allows you to access the system using a
standard web browser. You must use the RJ-45 port on the active TSC. While using the web browser, you can
perform local and remote Operations, Administration, Maintenance and Provisioning (OAM&P) functions.
If a browser is not available, you can access the system using one of two RS-232 ports on the Customer
Access Panel (CAP). Each RS-232 port supports VT100 emulation so that you can enter TL1
commands directly without using a web browser. Each RS-232 supports its own TL1 session. Because
the CAP RS-232 port is set up as a DTE interface, you must use a 3-pair swapping null modem adapter
so that the TXD/RXC, DSR/DTR, and CTS/RTS pins are swapped when connecting to the serial ports.
The null modem adapter connects the CAP RS-232 port (male configuration) and the serial cable
(female configuration). Refer to the Cisco ONS 15600 Reference Manual for null modem adapter pin
assignments.
Step 1
Attach a 3-pair swapping null modem adapter to the RS-232 port on the CAP.
Step 2
Connect a serial cable to the null modem adapter, and to the serial port on your PC or
workstation.
Step 3
Complete one of the following:
• If you are using a PC, configure the terminal emulation software (Hyperterminal):
– Terminal emulation = vt100
– Bits per second = 9600
– Parity = None
– Stop BITS = 1
– Flow control = None
7
• If you are using a UNIX workstation, connect from X-windows or the terminal using the
tip command:
tip -9600 /dev/ttyb (or ttya depending on where serial cable is connected)
Step 4
Press Enter. A > prompt appears.
Step 5
You are ready to log into TL1. Follow the steps in the “Log Into TL1” section on page 8.
4 Log Into TL1
Once you have connected to TL1, you must log into TL1 in order to issue commands. Logging into
TL1 only has to be done once per session.
Step 1
Issue the ACT-USER command:
Input Format:
ACT-USER:[<TID>]:<UID>:<CTAG>[::<PID>];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you
connected to leave the TID blank.
• UID is your user ID. UID can be up to 10 characters.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• PID is your password. PID can be up to 10 characters. PIDs are encrypted and are
displayed as asterisks (*).
Input Example:
ACT-USER:PETALUMA:DXT:100::MYPASSWD;
Step 2
Confirm you receive a COMPLD response to indicate the command was completed
successfully.
Response Example:
TID-000 1998-06-20 14:30:00
M 001 COMPLD
DXT:2003-01-02 14-04-49,0
;
8
5 Command Actions and Categories
When you have connected and logged into a TL1 session, you are ready to begin issuing TL1
commands and autonomous messages. TL1 commands and autonomous messages can be used to
accomplish a variety of actions. Determining the correct command or autonomous message you need
begins with identifying what action you want to perform. The first part of every command and
autonomous message helps identify the action that command or autonomous message performs as
shown in Table 1.
Table 1
TL1 Command and Autonomous Message Actions
Commands or Autonomous
Messages That Begin With
Generally Do This
Command Example
ACTALWAPPLY
CANC (autonomous message)
CANCCHGCLRCONNCOPYDISCDLTEDENTEXINHINITOPRREPT (autonomous message)
RLSRMVRSTRTRVSCHEDSETSW-
Activate
Allow
Apply
Report
Cancel
Change
Clear
Connect
Copy
Disconnect
Delete
Edit/Change
Enter/Create
Exercise
Inhibit
Initialize
Operate/Create
Report
Release
Remove
Restore
Retrieve
Schedule
Set
Switch
ACT-USER
ALW-MSG-ALL
APPLY
CANC (reports a cancelled session)
CANC-USER
CHG-ACCMD-<MOD_TACC>
CLR-COND-SECU
CONN-TACC-<MOD_TACC>
COPY-IOSCFG
DISC-TACC
DLT-BLSR
ED-BITS
ENT-BLSR
EX-SW-<OCN_BLSR>
INH-MSG-ALL
INIT-SYS
OPR-LNK
REPT ALM ENV
RLS-EXT-CONT
RMV-<MOD2>
RST-<MOD2>
RTRV-COND-RING
SCHED-PMREPT-<MOD2>
SET-ATTR-ENV
SW-DX-EQPT
9
To further determine which command or autonomous message you need, identify what category the
action applies to (i.e. BLSR, Cross Connections). In the Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Command Guide,
commands and autonomous messages are categorized based on the area of the NE that they effect. For
example, if you want to create, edit, or delete a cross-connection, you will find the available commands
in the Cross Connections category. Table 2 shows some examples of actions, categories, and
commands that apply to the Cisco ONS 15454, ONS 15327, ONS 15310-CL, ONS 15310-MA, and
ONS 15600. For a complete list of categories, commands and autonomous messages, refer to the Cisco
ONS SONET TL1 Command Guide.
Table 2
Some TL1 Category Examples
If You Want to
Look in this Category
Applicable Command or
Autonomous Message
Create a 2-fiber or 4-fiber BLSR
BLSR
ENT-BLSR
Delete a cross-connection on a VT
path
Cross Connections
DLT-CRS-<PATH>
Set the attributes of the air conditioner Environment Alarms and
Controls
SET-ATTR-CONT
Delete a card from the NE
Equipment
DLT-EQPT
Lockout a user from the NE
Security
INH-USER-SECU
See the alarms on a BITS
Synchronization
REPT ALM BITS1
Change the date on the NE
System
ED-DAT
Disconnect a test access path/point
Troubleshooting and Test DISC-TACC
Access
Perform a path protection switch on
an STS path
Protection
OPR-PROTNSW-<PATH>
Release a path protection switch on an Protection
STS path
RLS-PROTNSW-<PATH>
1. REPT ALM BITS is an autonomous message. Autonomous messages are either spontaneously triggered by the NE or
scheduled by the NE user via other commands.
In the “Ten Basic Commands” section on page 11, there are ten commands listed in detail to help get
you started entering TL1 commands.
10
6 Ten Basic Commands
This section lists ten basic commands to help you get started. You must be connected and logged into
a TL1 session. After you issue a command, confirm you receive a COMPLD response to indicate the
command was completed successfully.
Note
If you receive a DENY response, first check the syntax you entered for accuracy. If you entered
the command correctly, refer to the Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Command Guide for more
information about that particular command and its components.
• To change configuration information on a DS1 port see ED-T1, page 12.
• To retrieve configuration information about a DS1 port see RTRV-T1, page 13.
• To retrieve all alarms on a specific DS1 port see RTRV-ALM-T1, page 15.
• To retrieve all conditions on a specific DS1 port see RTRV-COND-T1, page 17.
• To retrieve all alarms on a system see RTRV-ALM-ALL, page 18.
• To retrieve all conditions on a system see RTRV-COND-ALL, page 19.
• To retrieve actual PM values on a DS1 port see RTRV-PM-T1, page 20.
• To retrieve the thresholds in place for a DS1 port see RTRV-TH-T1, page 21.
• To create a loopback see OPR-LPBK-T1, page 22.
• To release a loopback see RLS-LPBK-T1, page 23.
Note
When you are finished using TL1 remember to log out. Follow the steps in the “Log Out of
TL1” section on page 23 to log out.
For complete TL1 documentation, refer to the Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Command Guide and the
Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Reference Guide. For a command quick reference guide, refer to the Cisco
ONS SONET TL1 Command Quick Reference Guide.
11
ED-T1
Use the ED-T1 command edits the attributes related to a DS1/T1 port. ED-T1 is from the Ports
category.
Input Format:
ED-T1:[<TID>]:<AID>:<CTAG>:::[LINECDE=<LINECDE>],[FMT=<FMT>],[LBO=<LBO>],
[TACC=<TACC>],[TAPTYPE=<TAPTYPE>],[SOAK=<SOAK>],[SFBER=<SFBER>],
[SDBER=<SDBER>],[SYNCMSG=<SYNCMSG>],[SENDDUS=<SENDDUS>],
[RETIME=<RETIME>],[NAME=<NAME>],[MODE=<MODE>],[SYNCMAP=<SYNCMAP>],
[ADMSSM=<ADMSSM>],[VTMAP=<VTMAP>],[INHFELPBK=<INHFELPBK>],
[AISONLPBK=<AISONLPBK>],[CMDMDE=<CMDMDE>],[AISVONAIS=<AISVONAIS>],
[AISONLOF=<AISONLOF>]:[<PST>[,<SST>]];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• AID is the access identifier to indicate slot and port.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• LINECDE is a line code. Values are AMI or B8ZS.
• FMT is a frame format. Values are D4, ESF, or unframed.
• LBO is a line build out. Values are 0-131, 132-262, 263-393, 394-524, or 525-655.
• TACC defines the STS as a test access port with a selected unique TAP number. The TAP number
is in the range of 0, 1–999. When TACC is 0 (zero), the TAP is deleted.
• TAPTYPE is the test access point type. Values are DUAL or SINGLE.
• SOAK is IS-AINS to IS transition soak time as measured in 15 minute intervals, so a value of 4
translates to a soak time of 1 hour. The allowable range is 0–192 intervals (maximum of 48 hours).
• SFBER identifies port SFBER; valid values are 1E-3, 1E-4 or 1E-5.
• SDBER identifies port SDBER; valid values are 1E-5, 1E-6,...1E-9.
• SYNCMSG is the synchronization status message. Values are NO or YES.
• SENDDUS is the synchronization status message Don’t use for Synchronization (DUS). Optional
for ONS 15454 and ONS 15310-CL/MA. Not supported on ONS 15327.
• RETIME indicates if retiming is needed. Values are NO or YES. Optional for ONS 15454 and
ONS 15310-CL/MA. Not supported on ONS 15327.
• NAME is the name. Maximum length is 32 characters.
• MODE type of DS1MODE.
• SYNCMAP is the synchronization mapping for the DS1 facility. Only supported on ONS 15454.
• ADMSSM is the administration synchronization status message. Only supported on ONS 15454.
12
• VTMAP is the port to VT mapping type for that particular STS. Only supported on ONS 15454.
• INHFELPBK indicates whether far end loopbacks are inhibited on the facility. Only supported on
ONS 15454.
• AISONLPBK is the AIS to be sent on what type of loopback.
• CMDMDE is the command mode. Values are FRCD or NORM.
• AISVONAIS is enabled or disabled.
• AISONLOF is enabled or disabled.
• PST is primary state. Values are IS or OOS.
• SST is secondary state. Values are MT or AINS.
Input Example:
ED-T1:CISCO:FAC-2-1:1223:::LINECDE=AMI,FMT=ESF,LBO=0-131,TACC=8,
TAPTYPE=SINGLE,SOAK=10,SFBER=1E-4,SDBER=1E-6,SYNCMSG=Y,SENDDUS=Y,
RETIME=Y,NAME=“T1PORT”,MODE=FDL,SYNCMAP=ASYNC,ADMSSM=STU,
VTMAP=GR253,INHFELPBK=N,AISONLPBK=AIS_ON_LPBK_ALL,CMDMDE=CMDMDE,
AISVONAIS=Y,AISONLOF=Y:IS,AINS;
RTRV-T1
Use the RTRV-T1 command to retrieve configuration information on a DS1 port. RTRV-T1 is from
the Ports category.
Input Format:
RTRV-T1:[<TID>]:<AID>:<CTAG>[::::];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• AID is the access identifier to indicate slot and port.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
Input Example:
RTRV-T1:TID:FAC-2-1:1223;
13
Response Format:
SID DATE TIME
M CTAG COMPLD
“<AID>::[LINECDE=<LINECDE>],[FMT=<FMT>],[LBO=<LBO>],[TACC=<TAP>],
[TAPTYPE=<TAPTYPE>],[SOAK=<SOAK>],[SOAKLEFT=<SOAKLEFT>],[SFBER=<SFBER>],
[SDBER=<SDBER>],[NAME=<NAME>],[SYNCMSG=<SYNCMSG>],[SENDDUS=<SENDDUS>],
[RETIME=<RETIME>],[AISONLPBK=<AISONLPBK>],[AISVONAIS=<AISVONAIS>],
[AISONLOF=<AISONLOF>],[MODE=<MODE>],[SYNCMAP=<SYNCMAP>],
[ADMSSM=<ADMSSM>],[PROVIDESYNC=<PROVIDESYNC>],[VTMAP=<VTMAP>],
[INHFELPBK=<INHFELPBK>]:<PST_PSTQ>,[<SSTQ>]”
;
• AID is the access identifier to indicate slot and port.
• LINECDE is a line code. Values are AMI or B8ZS.
• FMT is a frame format. Values are D4, ESF, or unframed.
• LBO is a line build out. Values are 0-131, 132-262, 263-393, 394-524, or 525-655.
• TAP defines the STS as a test access port with a selected unique TAP number. The TAP number is
in the range of 0, 1–999. When TACC is 0 (zero), the TAP is deleted.
• TAPTYPE is the test access point type. Values are DUAL or SINGLE.
• SOAK - IS-AINS to IS transition soak time as measured in 15 minute intervals, so a value of 4
translates to a soak time of 1 hour. The allowable range is 0–192 intervals (maximum of 48 hours).
• SOAKLEFT is the time remaining for the transition from OOS-AINS to IS measured in 1 minute
intervals.
• SFBER identifies port SFBER; valid values are 1E-3, 1E-4 or 1E-5.
• SDBER identifies port SDBER; valid values are 1E-5, 1E-6,...1E-9.
• SYNCMSG is the synchronization status message. Values are NO or YES.
• NAME is the name.
• SYNCMSG is the synchronization status message enabled or disabled on the T1 facility. Optional
for ONS 15454 and ONS 15310-CL/MA. Not supported on the ONS 15327.
• SENDDUS is the synchronization status message Don’t use for Synchronization (DUS). Optional
for ONS 15454 and ONS 15310-CL/MA. Not supported on ONS 15327.
• RETIME indicates if retiming is needed. Values are NO or YES. Optional for ONS 15454 and
ONS 15310-CL/MA. Not supported on ONS 15327.
• AISONLPBK is the AIS to be sent on what type of loopback.
• AISVONAIS is enabled or disabled.
• AISONLOF is enabled or disabled.
• MODE type of DS1MODE.
14
• SYNCMAP is the synchronization mapping for the DS1 facility. Only supported on ONS 15454.
• ADMSSM is the administration synchronization status message. Only supported on ONS 15454.
• PROVIDESYNC indicates whether the facility provides synchronization. Only supported on
ONS 15454.
• VTMAP is the port to VT mapping type for that particular STS. Only supported on ONS 15454.
• INHFELPBK indicates whether far end loopbacks are inhibited on the facility. Only supported on
the ONS 15454.
• PST_PSTQ is primary state.
• SSTQ is secondary state.
Response Example:
TID-000 1998-06-20 14:30:00
M 001 COMPLD
“FAC-2-1::LINECDE=AMI,FMT=ESF,LBO=0-131,TACC=8,TAPTYPE=DUAL,SOAK=52,
SOAKLEFT=12-25,SFBER=1E-4,SDBER=1E-7,NAME=\“T1 PORT\”,SYNCMSG=Y,
SENDDUS=Y,RETIME=Y,AISONLPBK=AIS_ON_LPBK_ALL,AISVONAIS=Y,AISONLOF=Y,
MODE=FDL,SYNCMAP=ASYNC,ADMSSM=STU,PROVIDESYNC=N,VTMAP=GR253,
INHFELPBK=N:OOS-AU,AINS”
;
RTRV-ALM-T1
Use the RTRV-ALM-T1 command to retrieve all alarms on a specific E1 port. The RTRV-ALM-T1
command is listed as RTRV-ALM-<MOD2ALM> in the Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Command Guide.
T1 is just one of the options you can enter. RTRV-ALM-T1 is from the Fault category.
Input Format:
RTRV-ALM-<MOD2ALM>:[<TID>]:<AID>:<CTAG>::[<NTFCNCDE>],[<CONDTYPE>],
[<SRVEFF>][,,,];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• AID is the access identifier to indicate slot and port.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• NTFCNCDE is the 2-letter notification code. Values are CL (cleared), CR (critical), MJ (major),
MN (minor), NA (not alarmed), and NR (not reported).
• CONDTYPE is the alarm condition.
• SRVEFF is the effect on service caused by the alarm condition. Values are NSA (not service
affecting) or SA (service affecting).
15
Input Example:
RTRV-ALM-OC12:ELDRIDGE:FAC-5-1:225::MN,SD,SA;
Response Format:
SID DATE TIME
M CTAG COMPLD
“<AID>,[<AIDTYPE>]:<NTFCNCDE>,<CONDTYPE>,<SRVEFF>,[<OCRDAT>],
[<OCRTM>],,:[<DESC>]”
;
• AID shows the port in question.
• AIDTYPE shows the type of the port.
• NTFCNCDE is the 2-letter notification code. Values are CL (cleared), CR (critical), MJ (major),
MN (minor), NA (not alarmed), and NR (not reported).
• CONDTYPE is the type of alarm condition.
• SRVEFF is the effect on service caused by the alarm condition. Values are NSA (not service
affecting) or SA (service affecting).
• OCRDAT is the date when the specific event or violation occurred.
• OCRTM is the time when the specific event or violation occurred.
• DESC is a condition description.
Response Example:
TID-000 1998-06-20 14:30:00
M 001 COMPLD
“FAC-5-1,OC12:MJ,SD,SA,09-05,12-30-20,,:\“BER AT SIGNAL DEGRADE LEVEL\”,”
;
16
RTRV-COND-T1
Use the RTRV-COND-T1 command to retrieve all conditions on a specific DS1 port. The
RTRV-COND-T1 command is listed as RTRV-COND-<MOD2ALM> in the Cisco ONS SONET TL1
Command Guide. T1 is just one of the options you can enter. RTRV-COND-T1 is from the Fault
category.
Input Format:
RTRV-COND-<MOD2ALM>:[<TID>]:<AID>:<CTAG>::[<TYPEREQ>][,,,];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• AID is the access identifier to indicate slot and port.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• TYPEREQ is the type of condition to be retrieved. A null value is equivalent to ALL.
Input Example:
RTRV-COND-T1:TID:FAC-2-1:229::LOS;
Response Format:
SID DATE TIME
M CTAG COMPLD
“<AID>,[<AIDTYPE>]:[<NTFCNCDE>],<TYPEREP>,[<SRVEFF>],[<OCRDAT>],
[<OCRTM>],,,[<DESC>]”
;
• AID shows the port in question.
• AIDTYPE shows the type of the port.
• NTFCNCDE is the 2-letter notification code. Values are CL (cleared), CR (critical), MJ (major),
MN (minor), NA (not alarmed), and NR (not reported).
• TYPEREP is the condition itself.
• SRVEFF is the effect on service caused by the alarm condition. Values are NSA (not service
affecting) or SA (service affecting).
• OCRDAT is a date and is optional.
• OCRTM is a time and is optional.
• DESC is a condition description.
Response Example:
TID-000 1998-06-20 14:30:00
M 001 COMPLD
“FAC-2-1,T1:CR,LOS,SA,01-01,16-00-20,,,\“LOS OF SIGNAL\””
;
17
RTRV-ALM-ALL
Use the RTRV-ALM-ALL command to retrieve all of the alarms on the system. RTRV-ALM-ALL is
from the Fault category.
Input Format:
RTRV-ALM-ALL:[<TID>]:[<AID>]:<CTAG>::[<NTFCNCDE>],[<CONDITION>],[<SRVEFF>][,,,];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• AID is the access identifier ALL.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• NTFCNCDE is the 2-letter notification code. Values are CL (cleared), CR (critical), MJ (major),
MN (minor), NA (not alarmed), and NR (not reported).
• CONDITION is the type of alarm condition.
• SRVEFF is the effect on service caused by the alarm condition. Values are NSA (not service
affecting) or SA (service affecting).
Input Example:
RTRV-ALM-ALL:COTATI:ALL:229::MN,PWRRESTART,NSA;
Response Format:
SID DATE TIME
M CTAG COMPLD
“[<AID>],[<AIDTYPE>]:<NTFCNCDE>,<CONDTYPE>,<SRVEFF>,<OCRDAT>,
<OCRTM>,,:[<DESC>],[<AIDDET>]”
;
• AID shows the port in question.
• AIDTYPE shows the type of the port.
• NTFCNCDE is the 2-letter notification code. Values are CL (cleared), CR (critical), MJ (major),
MN (minor), NA (not alarmed), and NR (not reported).
• CONDTYPE is the type of alarm condition.
• SRVEFF is the effect on service caused by the alarm condition. Values are NSA (not service
affecting) or SA (service affecting).
• OCRDAT is a date.
• OCRTM is a time.
• DESC is a condition description.
• AIDDET is the supplementary equipment identification.
18
Response Example:
TID-000 1998-06-20 14:30:00
M 001 COMPLD
“SLOT-2,EQPT:MN,PWRRESTART,NSA,08-01,14-25-59,,:\“POWER FAIL RESTART\”,DS1-14”
;
RTRV-COND-ALL
Use the RTRV-COND-ALL command to retrieve all of the conditions on the system.
RTRV-COND-ALL is from the Fault category.
Input Format:
RTRV-COND-ALL:[<TID>]:[<AID>]:<CTAG>::[<TYPEREQ>][,,,];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• AID is the access identifier ALL
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• TYPEREQ is the type of condition to be retrieved. A null value is equivalent to ALL.
Input Example:
RTRV-COND-ALL:TID:ALL:229::LOS;
Response Format:
SID DATE TIME
M CTAG COMPLD
“<AID>,[<AIDTYPE>]:[<NTFCNCDE>],<TYPEREP>,[<SRVEFF>],[<OCRDAT>],
[<OCRTM>],,,[<DESC>]”
;
• AID shows the port in question.
• AIDTYPE shows the type of the port.
• NTFCNCDE is the 2-letter notification code. Values are CL (cleared), CR (critical), MJ (major),
MN (minor), NA (not alarmed), and NR (not reported).
• TYPEREP is the condition itself.
• SRVEFF is the effect on service caused by the alarm condition. Values are NSA (not service
affecting) or SA (service affecting).
• OCRDAT is a date and is optional.
• OCRTM is a time and is optional.
• DESC is a condition description.
19
Response Example:
TID-000 1998-06-20 14:30:00
M 001 COMPLD
“FAC-2-1,OC3:CR,LOS,SA,01-01,16-02-15,,,\“LOS OF SIGNAL\””
;
RTRV-PM-T1
Use the RTRV-PM-T1 command to retrieve actual performance monitoring values on a DS1 port. The
RTRV-PM-T1 command is listed as RTRV-PM-<MOD2> in the Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Command
Guide. T1 is just one of the options you can enter. RTRV-PM-T1 is from the Performance category.
Input Format:
RTRV-PM-<MOD2>:[<TID>]:<AID>:<CTAG>::[<MONTYPE>],[<MONLEV>],[<LOCN>],
[<DIRECTION>],[<TMPER>],[<DATE>],[<TIME>];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• AID is the access identifier to indicate slot and port.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• MONTYPE is a monitored type. A null value is equivalent to ALL.
• MONLEV specifies the discriminating level for the requested monitored parameter. MONLEV is
in the format of LEVEL-DIRN where LEVEL is the measured value of the monitored parameter
(MONVAL) and DIRN is the type of DIRN. A null value defaults to 1-UP which means it only
shows values 1 and higher.
• LOCN indicates the location. A null value defaults to NEND.
• DIRECTION is the direction of PM relative to the entity identified by the AID. DIRN defaults to
ALL which means that the command retrieves all the registers irrespective of the PM direction.
Values are BTH (both), RCV (receive), and TRMT (transmit).
• TMPER is the accumulation time period for the PM information. A null value defaults to 15-MIN.
• DATE is the beginning date of the PM or storage register period specified in TMPER. DATE is
MM-DD where MM (month of year) ranges from 1 to 12 and DD (day of month) ranges from 1
to 31. A null value defaults to the current date.
• TIME is the beginning time of day of the PM or storage register period specified in TMPER. TIME
is HH-MM where HH (hour of day) ranges from 0 to 23 and MM (minute of hour) ranges from
0 to 59. A null value defaults to the current time (HH-MM).
Input Example:
RTRV-PM-T1:TID:FAC-2-1:123::CVL,10-UP,NEND,BTH,15-MIN,04-11,12-45;
20
Response Format:
SID DATE TIME
M CTAG COMPLD
“<AID>,[<AIDTYPE>]:<MONTYPE>,<MONVAL>,[<VLDTY>],[<LOCN>],[<DIRECTION>],
[<TMPER>],[<MONDAT>],[<MONTM>]”
;
• AID shows the port in question.
• AIDTYPE shows the type of the port.
• MONTYPE shows the threshold type.
• MONVAL shows the value.
• VLDTY indicates if a full and complete PM value was returned.
• LOCN indicates the location.
• DIRECTION is the direction.
• TMPER is the accumulation time period.
• MONDAT is the date.
• MONTM is the time.
Response Example:
TID-000 1998-06-20 14:30:00
M 001 COMPLD
“FAC-2-1,DS1-14:CVL,21,COMPL,NEND,RCV,15-MIN,04-11,12-45”
;
RTRV-TH-T1
Use the RTRV-TH-T1 command to retrieve the thresholds in place for a DS1 port. The RTRV-TH-T1
command is listed as RTRV-TH-<MOD2> in the Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Command Guide. T1 is just
one of the options you can enter. RTRV-TH-T1 is from the Performance category.
Input Format:
RTRV-TH-<MOD2>:[<TID>]:<AID>:<CTAG>::[<MONTYPE>],[<LOCN>],<TMPER>[::];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• AID is the access identifier to indicate slot and port.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• MONTYPE is a monitored type. A null value is equivalent to ALL.
21
• LOCN is the location. A null value defaults to NEND. Values are NEND (near end) or FEND (far
end).
• TMPER indicates the accumulation time period. A null value defaults to 15-MIN.
Input Example:
RTRV-TH-T3:CISCO:FAC-1-3:1234::CVL,NEND,15-MIN;
Response Format:
SID DATE TIME
M CTAG COMPLD
“<AID>,[<AIDTYPE>]:<MONTYPE>,[<LOCN>],,<THLEV>,[<TMPER>]”
;
• AID is the access identifier ALL.
• AIDTYPE specifies the type of AID.
• MONTYPE indicates the monitored type.
• LOCN is a location.
• THLEV is the threshold value.
• TMPER is the accumulation time period for the PM information.
Output Example:
TID-0001998-06-20 14:30:00
M 001 COMPLD
“FAC-1-3,DS3:CVL,NEND,,1,15-MIN”
;
OPR-LPBK-T1
Use the OPR-LPBK-T1 command to establish a loopback. The OPR-LPBK-T1 command is listed as
OPR-LPBK-<MOD2> in the Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Command Guide. T1 is just one of the options
you can enter. OPR-LPBK-T1 is from the Troubleshooting and Test Access category.
Input Format:
OPR-LPBK-<MOD2>:[<TID>]:<AID>:<CTAG>::[<LOCATION>],,,[<LPBKTYPE>];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• AID is an access identifier. Valid values are facility, DS1, and STS.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• LOCATION is the location where the operation is to be carried out.
• LPBKTYPE is a loopback type and is optional. LPBKTYPE can be FACILITY or TERMINAL.
22
Input Example:
OPR-LPBK-DS1:PTREYES:DS1-4-1-2-13:203::NEND,,,FACILITY;
RLS-LPBK-T1
Use the RLS-LPBK-T1 command to release a loopback. The RLS-LPBK-T1 command is listed as
RLS-LPBK-<MOD2> in the Cisco ONS SONET TL1 Command Guide. T1 is just one of the options
you can enter. RLS-LPBK-T1 is from the Troubleshooting and Test Access category.
Input Format:
RLS-LPBK-<MOD2>:[<TID>]:<SRC>:<CTAG>::[<LOCATION>],,,[<LPBKTYPE>];
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you connected
to leave the TID blank.
• SRC is an access identifier. Valid values are facility, DS1, and STS.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
• LOCATION is the location where the operation is to be carried out.
• LPBKTYPE is a loopback type and is optional. LPBKTYPE can be FACILITY or TERMINAL.
Input Example:
RLS-LPBK-DS1:PTREYES:DS1-4-1-2-13:203::NEND,,,FACILITY;
7 Log Out of TL1
When you are finished using TL1, you must log out of the session. Logging out of TL1 only has to be
done once per session.
Step 1
If you logged into TL1 via CTC, you must log out by pressing the Disconnect button or by
issuing the CANC-USER command as shown in the following steps.
If you logged into TL1 via Telnet or craft interface, you must log out by issuing the
CANC-USER command.
Input Format:
CANC-USER:[<TID>]:<USERID>:<CTAG>;
• TID is the name of the node you want to access. If you only want to query the node you
connected to leave the TID blank.
• USERID is your user ID. Maximum of 10 alphanumeric characters.
• CTAG is any non-blank character series that does not have to be unique.
23
Input Example:
CANC-USER:PETALUMA:DXT:100;
Step 2
Confirm you receive a COMPLD response to indicate the command was completed
successfully.
Response Example:
TID001 03-07-22 02:45:12
M 100 COMPLD
;
8 Obtaining Documentation
Cisco documentation and additional literature are available on Cisco.com. Cisco also provides several
ways to obtain technical assistance and other technical resources. These sections explain how to obtain
technical information from Cisco Systems.
Cisco.com
You can access the most current Cisco documentation at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
You can access the Cisco website at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com
You can access international Cisco websites at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/public/countries_languages.shtml
Product Documentation DVD
Cisco documentation and additional literature are available in the Product Documentation DVD
package, which may have shipped with your product. The Product Documentation DVD is updated
regularly and may be more current than printed documentation.
The Product Documentation DVD is a comprehensive library of technical product documentation on
portable media. The DVD enables you to access multiple versions of hardware and software
installation, configuration, and command guides for Cisco products and to view technical
24
documentation in HTML. With the DVD, you have access to the same documentation that is found
on the Cisco website without being connected to the Internet. Certain products also have .pdf versions
of the documentation available.
The Product Documentation DVD is available as a single unit or as a subscription. Registered
Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order a Product Documentation DVD (product number
DOC-DOCDVD=) from Cisco Marketplace at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/
Ordering Documentation
Beginning June 30, 2005, registered Cisco.com users may order Cisco documentation at the Product
Documentation Store in the Cisco Marketplace at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/
Nonregistered Cisco.com users can order technical documentation from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
(0800 to 1700) PDT by calling 1 866 463-3487 in the United States and Canada, or elsewhere by calling
011 408 519-5055. You can also order documentation by e-mail at tech-doc-store-mkpl@external.cisco.com
or by fax at 1 408 519-5001 in the United States and Canada, or elsewhere at 011 408 519-5001.
9 Documentation Feedback
You can rate and provide feedback about Cisco technical documents by completing the online
feedback form that appears with the technical documents on Cisco.com.
You can send comments about Cisco documentation to bug-doc@cisco.com.
You can submit comments by using the response card (if present) behind the front cover of your
document or by writing to the following address:
Cisco Systems
Attn: Customer Document Ordering
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-9883
We appreciate your comments.
10 Cisco Product Security Overview
Cisco provides a free online Security Vulnerability Policy portal at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_vulnerability_policy.html
25
From this site, you can perform these tasks:
• Report security vulnerabilities in Cisco products.
• Obtain assistance with security incidents that involve Cisco products.
• Register to receive security information from Cisco.
A current list of security advisories and notices for Cisco products is available at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt
If you prefer to see advisories and notices as they are updated in real time, you can access a Product
Security Incident Response Team Really Simple Syndication (PSIRT RSS) feed from this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_psirt_rss_feed.html
Reporting Security Problems in Cisco Products
Cisco is committed to delivering secure products. We test our products internally before we release
them, and we strive to correct all vulnerabilities quickly. If you think that you might have identified a
vulnerability in a Cisco product, contact PSIRT:
• Emergencies — security-alert@cisco.com
An emergency is either a condition in which a system is under active attack or a condition for
which a severe and urgent security vulnerability should be reported. All other conditions are
considered nonemergencies.
• Nonemergencies — psirt@cisco.com
In an emergency, you can also reach PSIRT by telephone:
• 1 877 228-7302
• 1 408 525-6532
Tip
We encourage you to use Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) or a compatible product to encrypt any
sensitive information that you send to Cisco. PSIRT can work from encrypted information
that is compatible with PGP versions 2.x through 8.x.
Never use a revoked or an expired encryption key. The correct public key to use in your
correspondence with PSIRT is the one linked in the Contact Summary section of the Security
Vulnerability Policy page at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_vulnerability_policy.html
The link on this page has the current PGP key ID in use.
26
11 Obtaining Technical Assistance
Cisco Technical Support provides 24-hour-a-day award-winning technical assistance. The Cisco
Technical Support & Documentation website on Cisco.com features extensive online support
resources. In addition, if you have a valid Cisco service contract, Cisco Technical Assistance Center
(TAC) engineers provide telephone support. If you do not have a valid Cisco service contract, contact
your reseller.
Cisco Technical Support & Documentation Website
The Cisco Technical Support & Documentation website provides online documents and tools for
troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. The website is
available 24 hours a day, at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Access to all tools on the Cisco Technical Support & Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user
ID and password. If you have a valid service contract but do not have a user ID or password, you can
register at this URL:
http://tools.cisco.com/RPF/register/register.do
Note
Use the Cisco Product Identification (CPI) tool to locate your product serial number before
submitting a web or phone request for service. You can access the CPI tool from the Cisco
Technical Support & Documentation website by clicking the Tools & Resources link under
Documentation & Tools. Choose Cisco Product Identification Tool from the Alphabetical
Index drop-down list, or click the Cisco Product Identification Tool link under Alerts &
RMAs. The CPI tool offers three search options: by product ID or model name; by tree view;
or for certain products, by copying and pasting show command output. Search results show
an illustration of your product with the serial number label location highlighted. Locate the
serial number label on your product and record the information before placing a service call.
Submitting a Service Request
Using the online TAC Service Request Tool is the fastest way to open S3 and S4 service requests. (S3
and S4 service requests are those in which your network is minimally impaired or for which you
require product information.) After you describe your situation, the TAC Service Request Tool
provides recommended solutions. If your issue is not resolved using the recommended resources, your
service request is assigned to a Cisco engineer. The TAC Service Request Tool is located at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/servicerequest
27
For S1 or S2 service requests or if you do not have Internet access, contact the Cisco TAC by telephone.
(S1 or S2 service requests are those in which your production network is down or severely degraded.)
Cisco engineers are assigned immediately to S1 and S2 service requests to help keep your business
operations running smoothly.
To open a service request by telephone, use one of the following numbers:
Asia-Pacific: +61 2 8446 7411 (Australia: 1 800 805 227)
EMEA: +32 2 704 55 55
USA: 1 800 553-2447
For a complete list of Cisco TAC contacts, go to this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/contacts
Definitions of Service Request Severity
To ensure that all service requests are reported in a standard format, Cisco has established severity
definitions.
Severity 1 (S1)—Your network is “down,” or there is a critical impact to your business operations.
You and Cisco will commit all necessary resources around the clock to resolve the situation.
Severity 2 (S2)—Operation of an existing network is severely degraded, or significant aspects of your
business operation are negatively affected by inadequate performance of Cisco products. You and
Cisco will commit full-time resources during normal business hours to resolve the situation.
Severity 3 (S3)—Operational performance of your network is impaired, but most business operations
remain functional. You and Cisco will commit resources during normal business hours to restore
service to satisfactory levels.
Severity 4 (S4)—You require information or assistance with Cisco product capabilities, installation, or
configuration. There is little or no effect on your business operations.
12 Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
Information about Cisco products, technologies, and network solutions is available from various
online and printed sources.
• Cisco Marketplace provides a variety of Cisco books, reference guides, documentation, and logo
merchandise. Visit Cisco Marketplace, the company store, at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/
28
• Cisco Press publishes a wide range of general networking, training and certification titles. Both
new and experienced users will benefit from these publications. For current Cisco Press titles and
other information, go to Cisco Press at this URL:
http://www.ciscopress.com
• Packet magazine is the Cisco Systems technical user magazine for maximizing Internet and
networking investments. Each quarter, Packet delivers coverage of the latest industry trends,
technology breakthroughs, and Cisco products and solutions, as well as network deployment and
troubleshooting tips, configuration examples, customer case studies, certification and training
information, and links to scores of in-depth online resources. You can access Packet magazine at
this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/packet
• iQ Magazine is the quarterly publication from Cisco Systems designed to help growing companies
learn how they can use technology to increase revenue, streamline their business, and expand
services. The publication identifies the challenges facing these companies and the technologies to
help solve them, using real-world case studies and business strategies to help readers make sound
technology investment decisions. You can access iQ Magazine at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/iqmagazine
or view the digital edition at this URL:
http://ciscoiq.texterity.com/ciscoiq/sample/
• Internet Protocol Journal is a quarterly journal published by Cisco Systems for engineering
professionals involved in designing, developing, and operating public and private internets and
intranets. You can access the Internet Protocol Journal at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/ipj
• Networking products offered by Cisco Systems, as well as customer support services, can be
obtained at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/index.html
• Networking Professionals Connection is an interactive website for networking professionals to
share questions, suggestions, and information about networking products and technologies with
Cisco experts and other networking professionals. Join a discussion at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/discuss/networking
• World-class networking training is available from Cisco. You can view current offerings at
this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/learning/index.html
29
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Tel: 408 526-4000
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Tel: 408 526-7660
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#28-01 Capital Tower
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Tel: +65 6317 7777
Fax: +65 6317 7799
Cisco Systems has more than 200 offices in the following countries. Addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers are listed on the
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CVP, the Cisco logo, and Welcome to the Human Network are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc.; Changing the Way We Work, Live, Play, and Learn is a service mark of
co Systems, Inc.; and Access Registrar, Aironet, BPX, Catalyst, CCDA, CCDP, CCIE, CCIP, CCNA, CCNP, CCSP, Cisco, the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expet logo, Cisco IOS,
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other trademarks mentioned in this document or Website are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship
ween Cisco and any other company. (0710R)
© 2004-2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
Printed in the USA on recycled paper containing 10% postconsumer waste.
78-17308-01
DOC-7817308=