Culligan GoodWater Machine DrinkingWater System Specifications

Cat. No. 01881946
Rev. B 10/9/00
DCO#
AQUA-CLEER /GOOD WATER MACHINE
DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
Technical Manual
®
™
AC Models from 1995
WARNING! IF INCORRECTLY INSTALLED, OPERATED OR MAINTAINED, THIS PRODUCT CAN CAUSE
SEVERE INJURY. THOSE WHO INSTALL, OPERATE, OR MAINTAIN THIS PRODUCT SHOULD BE TRAINED
IN ITS PROPER USE, WARNED OF ITS DANGERS, AND SHOULD READ THE ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE
ATTEMPTING TO INSTALL, OPERATE OR MAINTAIN THIS PRODUCT.
©1995, 1998 Culligan International Company
Printed in USA
Attention Culligan Customer:
Your local independently operated Culligan dealer employs trained
service and maintenance personnel who are experienced in the installation, function and repair of Culligan equipment. This publication is written specifically for the purpose of training and guiding
these individuals and is intended for their use.
We encourage Culligan users to learn about Culligan products, but
we believe that product knowledge is best obtained by consulting
with your Culligan dealer. Untrained individuals who use this manual
assume the risk of any resulting property damage or
personal injury.
This system is intended for use on potable water supplies or
disinfected water containing cysts. Do not use where water is
microbiologically unsafe or with water of unknown quality. If
bacterial contamination is present, a recognized method of water
disinfection is required.
Check with your public works department for applicable local plumbing and sanitation codes. Follow your local codes if they differ from
the standards used in this manual.
For installations in Massachusetts, Massachusetts Plumbing
Code 248 CMR shall be adhered to. Consult your licensed
plumber for installation of this system. The use of piercing
valves is not permitted in Massachusetts.
The Aqua-Cleer® system contains a replaceable reverse osmosis
membrane filter which is critical for the effective reduction of Total
Dissolved Solids. The filtered water should be tested periodically
to verify that the system is performing properly.
SAFE PRACTICES
Throughout this manual there are paragraphs set off by
special headings.
NOTICE: Notice is used to emphasize installation, operation
or maintenance information which is important, but does
not present any hazard.
Example: NOTICE: The nipple must extend no more than 1
inch above the cover plate.
CAUTION: Caution is used when failure to follow
directions could result in damage to equipment or property.
Example:
CAUTION: Disassembly while under
water pressure can result in flooding.
WARNING: Warning is used to indicate a hazard
which could cause injury or death if ignored.
Example:
WARNING! ELECTRICAL SHOCK
HAZARD! UNPLUG THE UNIT BEFORE REMOVING
THE TIMER MECHANISM OR COVER PLATES!
Serial Numbers
The serial number is located on the rear of the R.O. module.
NOTICE: Do not remove or destroy the serial number. It
must be referenced on requests for warranty repair or
replacement.
This publication is based on information available when
approved for printing. Continuing design refinement could
cause changes that may not be included in this publication.
CULLIGAN INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
One Culligan Parkway
Northbrook, Illinois USA 60062-6209
708/205-6000
AQUA-CLEER /GOOD WATER MACHINE
DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
Technical Manual
®
™
AC Models from 1995
Table of Contents
Specifications ............................................................ 2
Suggested Installation Equipment ............................. 3
Product Information ................................................... 4
Component Description ............................................. 5
In-Plant Preparation ................................................... 7
Installation ................................................................ 10
Performance and Technical Information .................... 16
Service and Maintenance ......................................... 21
Troubleshooting ........................................................ 23
System Specifications
System Flow Sequence ............................................... Particle Filter, Activated Carbon Filter, Reverse Osmosis
Membrane Filter, Storage Tank, Polishing Filter, Dispensing
Faucet
Particle Filter ................................................................ 5 Micron Spun Polypropylene
Activated Carbon Filter ................................................. Cullar® G Activated Carbon
Reverse Osmosis Membrane Filter ............................... Culligan® Aqua-Cleer® Thin Film Composite
Production Rate1 - AC-15 Models ................................. 15 gpd (57 L/day)
AC-30 Models ................................. 30 gpd (119 L/day)
LC-50 Models .................................. 50 gpd (189 L/day)
Ratio of Product to Flush Flow2
Soft Water Applications
Hard Water Applications
2:33 (AC-15 & AC-30 models only)
1:3 - 1:5
Polishing Filter ............................................................. Cullar G Activated Carbon
Dispensing Faucet ....................................................... Culligan Aqua-Cleer Faucet: Rotary Operation, Stainless Steel
and Resin Flow Passages, with Built-in Siphon Break
Colors ............................................................. Polished Chrome, White
Storage Capacity
Standard Tank ................................................. 2 gallons (7.5 L)
Medium Tank ................................................... 3 gallons (10.5 L)
Large Tank ...................................................... 9 gallons (34 L)
Dimensions
Filter Assembly ............................................... 7.5"W x 3"D x 16.5"H (20 cm W x 8 cm D x 42 cm H)
Storage Tank - Std. ........................................ 9" Diameter x 15"H (23 cm Diameter x 38 cm H)
- Med. ....................................... 11" Diameter x 15"H (28 cm Diameter x 38 cm H)
- Lge. ........................................ 15.5" Diameter x 22"H (40 cm Diameter x 56 cm H)
1
Rating at 50 psi, 77°F, 500 mg/L TDS influent, without storage tank.
May vary with pressure. See "Adjust Capillary Length", page 8, for all hard water applications and applications
where TDS exceeds 1000 mg/L (ppm).
3
Except Nitrate models.
2
2 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
Suggested Installation Equipment
Sink Cutting Tools
Porcelain Cutter Kit, 1-1/4 inch diameter, PN 00-5916-25
Greenlee Hole Punch, 1-1/4 inch diameter
Plumbers Putty
Heavy Duty Drill with speed control to 400 rpm
Tools
Screwdriver, blade and Phillips (#1)
1/8 inch diameter pilot drill for #10 screws
Center Punch
Razor Blade Knife
Faucet Installation Tool, PN 00-4033-75
Aqua-Cleer®H Series or “System” series filter housing
Miscellaneous
Extension Work Light
Air Pressure Gauge (automatic type with 1 psi increments,
Milton Industries, Chicago, IL, Model S-921 or
equivalent.)
Air Pump (bicycle tire pump)
Furniture pad for Back Protection
Small Portable Blower for Ventilation
Accessories/Hardware
Tubing, Plastic, 1/4-inch, PN 00-4021-84 Blue
Tubing, Plastic, 3/8-inch, PN 01-0002-87 Blue
Tubing, Drain, PN 00-4037-30
Piercing Valve, PN 00-5714-02
Drain Saddle Kit, PN 01-0003-29
Silicone Lubricant, PN 00-4715-07
Thread Sealing Tape
TDS Meter, PN D0-4705-04
Graduated Measuring Cylinder, PN 00-4705-03
Thermometer, PN 00-4705-01
Stopwatch, or wristwatch with second hand
Chlorine Bleach (Clorox* household, 5-1/4% strength)
Eye dropper (available at drug store)
Pressure Gauge (0-120 psi) with section of 1/4" OD
tubing connector
#10 Screws, type determined by mounting surface and
material
Tee, PN 01-0047-28, if system will be connected to
icemaker
*Clorox is a registered trademark of the Clorox Company.
SUGGESTED INSTALLATION EQUIPMENT / 3
Product Information
This manual covers the technical aspects of the Culligan®
Aqua-Cleer® Good Water Machine™ AC model drinking water systems. It is important to read this manual thoroughly so
that you can properly apply, install, and service these
systems.
The substances removed by this system are not necessarily
in your untreated water. See Performance Data Sheet for
exact percentages of contaminant removal.
Application Guidelines
The Aqua-Cleer/Good Water Machine system is designed for
use on potable water supplies meeting the guidelines outlined in Table 1. The system should be installed on your
home’s cold water line. The flushing stream should discharge
through an approved siphon break. Installation of this
system must comply with state and local laws and
regulations.
TABLE 1
Packaging
Influent Water Characteristic
The Aqua-Cleer system is shipped from the factory in two
cartons:
Carton 1:
Carton 2:
• Filtration Assembly
• Storage Tank
• Reverse Osmosis Membrane
Filter Element
• Particle Filter Element
• Activated Carbon Filter Element
• Polishing Filter w/Mounting Pad
• Parts Package, including:
• Faucet
• Tank Valve
• Mounting Bracket
• Product Literature
1
If the Aqua-Cleer system will not be installed immediately,
refrigerate the RO membrane filter element at 35°/40°F
(2°/5°C). DO NOT ALLOW TO FREEZE.
Temperature
33-100°F (1-38°C)
Solids (TDS)2
0-4000 ppm (0-4000 mg/L)
pH
5-10
3
2
3
Warranty
A limited warranty is extended to the original end user from
Culligan. This warranty is printed on the back cover of the
Owner’s Guide.
40-120 psi (280-827 kPa)
Total Dissolved
1
Note that the filter elements are shipped in their own sealed
packaging. This will help to simplify in-plant preparation of
the system and to maximize the shelf life of the RO
membrane filter element.
Pressure
Chlorine
0-3 ppm (0-3 mg/L)
Chloramine
0-3 ppm (0-3 mg/L)
Turbidity
0-10 NTU
Iron
0-1 ppm (0-1 mg/L)
Bacterial Quality
Potable
Nitrate units are not certified for nitrate reduction in
water supplies with a pressure less than 40 psi (280 kPa).
A booster pump is strongly recommended.
See the "Performance & Technical Information" section
of this manual for all applications where TDS
exceeds 1000 ppm (1000 mg/L). A booster pump is
strongly recommended.
The reverse osmosis membrane filter used in this system
may be damaged by chlorine. This system includes an
activated carbon filter which protects this element by
reducing chlorine. Influent chlorine should not exceed
3 mg/L.
High Efficiency Operation
The Aqua-Cleer system is designed for high-efficiency
operation. Soft water use is strongly recommended. For
maximum RO membrane filter life on all hard-water installations, adjust the capillary length as described in the
“In-Plant Preparation” section of this manual. (Not required
for LC-50)
4 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
Component Description
Tubing Connectors
The Aqua-Cleer®/Good Water Machine™ system features
reliable and convenient push-to-connect (Fig. 1) tubing
connectors. Tubing is easily connected and disconnected
from these fittings as follows.
Connect:
Cut the tubing squarely with a sharp knife. Be careful
not to crush the tubing. To avoid leaks, make sure the
tubing end is smooth and free of burrs and abrasions.
Lubricate the end of the tube with water or a light coat
of silicone and push the tube end firmly into the fitting.
You should feel it push past the O-ring. Avoid bending
the tubing sharply away from the fitting.
Disconnect:
Hold the collar against the fitting body and
pull the tube from the fitting.
In the unlikely event that the connection leaks, remove and
recut the tubing. Check the inside of the fitting for debris or
O-ring damage. Reconnect.
FIG. 1
Push-to-connect tubing connectors grip the outside diameter of the tube. To help assure a reliable connection, it is
important to use high quality tubing with a consistent outside diameter. Culligan recommends that the tubing listed in
the “Suggested Installation Equipment” section of this manual
be used with the Aqua-Cleer/Good Water Machine system.
Manifold/Main Filter Assembly
• Manifold Assembly
The manifold assembly Fig. 2 item (1) serves as the functional hub (Fig. 2) of the Aqua-Cleer/Good Water
Machine system by directing the flow through each of
the system’s main components.
FIG. 2
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION / 5
• Particle Filter
The particle filter (2) screens out particulate material,
such as dirt, sand, or rust, which may clog the other
filters in the system.
• Activated Carbon Filter
The activated carbon filter (3) reduces chlorine which
may damage the RO membrane filter. It must be maintained properly to prevent premature membrane failure.
• Reverse Osmosis Membrane Filter
The RO membrane filter (4) reduces dissolved substances
and other microscopic impurities such as asbestos, lead,
sodium, and others. It consists of a membrane envelope
wound around a perforated tube. Product water passes
through the membrane to the inside of the envelope where
it flows to and is collected by the tube. Impurities are
flushed away in the concentrate stream.
Storage Tank
The storage tank (7) collects and stores the water produced
by the Aqua-Cleer/Good Water Machine system. A compressed air diaphragm drives the water to the polishing filter
and faucet. The tank valve provides a convenient way to
lock water in the tank during transport and filter changes.
Polishing Filter
The polishing filter (8) adsorbs any residual tastes and odors
just before the water is delivered through the faucet.
Aqua-Cleer Sentry™ Monitor
This optional monitor (9) accessory (standard on PremierTM
models) checks the TDS level of the drinking water each time
the dispenser faucet is used. A green LED indicator (Fig. 3)
mounted in the faucet signals if the TDS level is
below the setpoint, an amber signal appears if it is above.
The RO membrane filter featured in the Aqua-Cleer®
/Good Water Machine ™ system offers exceptional
contaminant rejection, application versatility, and long
life. The membrane material is highly sensitive to attack
by chlorine. The activated carbon filter must be
maintained properly to prevent premature failure of the
RO membrane filter.
The RO membrane filter is shipped wet in a preservative solution. It must not be allowed to dry out or freeze
as damage will likely result.
• Capillary Assembly
The capillary assembly or concentrate flow control (5)
regulates the flow rate of the flushing (concentrate)
stream to maintain pressure in the RO membrane filter
vessel. It is located in the end of the manifold assembly.
• Automatic Shutoff
The automatic shutoff (6) automatically stops the flow
of water through the Aqua-Cleer/Good Water Machine
system when the storage tank is full.
FIG. 3
Dispenser Faucet
The Aqua-Cleer faucet (10) allows the product water to be
drawn from the system with a simple rotation of the handle. It
features a built-in siphon break for concentrate discharge
as required by most plumbing codes.
6 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
In-Plant Preparation
To help assure quick and trouble-free installation of the
Aqua-Cleer® system, the following preparation steps should
be performed in the dealer facility. Refer to Fig. 2. Cleanliness
is essential in the In-Plant Preparation procedure. Be sure to
wash your hands throughly before handling filters.
The use of surgical gloves is strongly recommended.
Filter Assembly Preparation
• Activated Carbon Filter
The activated carbon filter must be thoroughly flushed
to remove carbon dust which can plug the manifold or
RO membrane filter. To perform this procedure, it is
necessary to use a clean, spare Aqua-Cleer H-83 (or
H-82, 52, 53) series or “System” series filter housing
(Fig. 4) as a service housing.
1. Install the activated carbon cartridge into the service
housing.
2. Connect the outlet of the service housing to a source
of clean, filtered water.
3. Connect the inlet of the service housing to a suitable
drain.
4. Slowly turn on the water and back-flush the filter for
5 minutes at a rate of 1-2 gpm (4-7 L/min). Turn the
water on and off several times during flushing to help
loosen carbon particles from the filter.
5. Reverse the connections and forward flush the filter
briefly until the water runs clear.
6. Remove the activated carbon filter cartridge from the
service housing and set it aside in a clean location for
installation into the Aqua-Cleer system.
• Sanitize Filter Assembly
The Aqua-Cleer system may be sanitized with either
5-1/4% liquid chlorine bleach or a fresh bottle of
consumer grade hydrogen peroxide.
NOTICE: Chlorine will damage the RO membrane
filter in this system. Remove the RO membrane filter when
using chlorine bleach to sanitize.
NOTICE: Do not use hydrogen peroxide if iron is present
in the raw water supply. This combination will damage
the RO membrane filter.
1. Pull the u-clip from the rear of the particle filter
housing ①
2. Insert the u-clip into the two square holes at the
bottom rear of the manifold. Push up to release the
filter housing.
FIG. 4
IN-PLANT PREPARATION / 7
3. Pour: two tablespoons liquid chlorine bleach or 3
ounces hydrogen peroxide into the particle filterhousing.
4. Assemble the housing to the manifold and replace
the u-clip.
5. Using 1/4" OD plastic tubing, connect the inlet of the
system (Fig. 5) to a source of clean filtered water.
6. Install short lengths (2-3") of 1/4" OD and 3/8" OD
plastic tubing into the concentrate and product water
outlets.
• Adjust Capillary Length
The Aqua-Cleer®/Good Water Machine™ system (except
Nitrate models) is designed for maximum efficiency on most
soft water installations. On hard water installations and
applications where TDS exceeds 1000 mg/L (ppm), it is necessary to increase the flushing water flow to maximize RO membrane filter life. This is done by shortening the length of the
capillary tube (Fig. 6) in the concentrate flow control.
If the system is to be installed on hard water or where TDS
exceeds 1000 mg/L (ppm), proceed as follows:
1. Loosen the capillary retaining screws 1/4 - 1/2 turn.
7. Turn on the supply valve and allow the system to fill
with water. Once water begins to drip or flow from
the filter assembly, turn off the supply valve and
allow the system to sit for ten minutes.
2. Rotate the capillary assembly free of the retaining
screws and pry it from the manifold.
3. Remove the white capillary retaining sleeve and
unroll the capillary tube from the spool.
8. Turn on the supply valve and flush the sanitizing
solution from the system.
4. With a new razor blade, cut the capillary tubing
squarely in half, being careful not to crimp the end.
• Install Filter Cartridges
1. Pull the u-clip from the rear of the particle
filter housing. ①
5. Replace the capillary sleeve and rewind the capillary
tubing onto the spool.
2. Insert the u-clip into the two square holes at the
bottom rear of the manifold. Push up to release the
filter housing.
6. Reinstall the capillary assembly into the manifold and
retighten the retaining screws.
• Flush RO Membrane Filter
3. Lubricate the cartridge o-ring with silicone lube and
insert the particle filter cartridge into the manifold.
The RO membrane filter must be flushed prior to use.
1. Turn on the supply valve to the system.
4. Assemble the housing to the manifold and replace
the u-clip.
5. Repeat steps 1-4 and install the flushed activated
carbon filter cartridge into housing ② and the RO
membrane filter element into the center housing. ③
Be sure the drain adaptor is in place.
2. Allow the product water and flushing water to flow
to a suitable drain for six (6) hours.
• Check Performance
Check the performance of the system according to the procedure beginning on page 17 of this manual.
Storage Tank Preparation
• Check Air Pressure
Using a tire gauge with 1 psi increments, check the air pressure in the empty storage tank. The air pressure should be
between 5 and 15 psi, 7 psi is recommended. Use a bicycletype hand pump to increase the air pressure, depress the
stem of the air valve to decrease the pressure.
FIG. 5
The storage tank capacity decreases with increasing air pressure. Refer to page 18 to select the best air pressure for your
installation.
8 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
• Install Tank shut-off valve
Use a high quality, food-grade thread sealant or PTFE tape to
assemble the valve onto the tank.To avoid future leaks, do
not overtighten the plastic valve onto the tank.
1. Connect a length of 3/8" OD plastic tubing between
the tank valve and (Fig. 5) the product water fitting
on the manifold.
2. Insert a 3/8" OD tubing plug into the faucet product
water fitting on the manifold.
• Sanitize the Storage Tank
The reservoir must be flushed and sanitized prior to installation as follows:
3. Using 1/4" OD plastic tubing, connect the system
inlet
to a water source meeting the characteristics listed in Table 1.
1. Connect a length of 3/8" OD plastic tubing to the tank
valve.
4. Using 1/4" OD plastic tubing, connect the concentrate outlet
to a suitable drain.
2. With an eyedropper or similar device, inject 1 tablespoon of Hydrogen Peroxide or 1 teaspoon of 5-1/4%
liquid chlorine bleach into the tube.
5. Turn on the water supply, open the tank valve, and
allow the tank to fill (3-4 hours).
3. Connect the tubing to a source of clean, filtered
water (RO or DI water, if available) at no more than
40 psi.
4. Turn on the water supply, open the tank valve, and
allow the tank to fill.
6. Once the tank is full, close the tank valve and disconnect the system so that it can be transported to the
installation site.
WARNING! DO NOT USE THE TANK VALVE TO
LIFT OR CARRY THE TANK.
Faucet Preparation
5. Turn off the water supply, close the tank valve, and
allow the tank to sit ten minutes.
6. Disconnect the tubing from the supply, open the tank
valve, and drain the storage tank.
7. The water coming from the storage tank should have
a chlorine odor. If not, repeat steps 2-6 until it does.
8. Fill and empty the tank (steps 3,4,6) until only a faint
chlorine odor remains. The polishing filter will
remove any residual chlorine taste once the system is
installed.
• Fill the Storage Tank (optional)
So that your customers can begin using their new AquaCleer®/Good Water Machine™ system immediately upon
installation, you may wish to fill the storage tank with RO
product water. Once the in-plant preparation of the Filter
Assembly (prior section) is complete, proceed as follows:
The Aqua-Cleer/Good Water Machine faucet may be
assembled prior to installation in the customer’s home. Refer
to the faucet installation section beginning on page 12 for
details.
Polishing Filter Preparation
The polishing filter must be flushed prior to use to remove
any carbon dust generated during shipment.
1. Using 3/8" OD plastic tubing, connect the inlet of the
filter to a source of clean filtered water (RO or DI
water, if available). Observe the direction of flow
arrow on the filter.
2. Turn on the water supply and flush the filter with at
least 2 gallons of water.
3. Turn off the water supply, disconnect the filter, and
set aside for final installation.
FIG. 6
IN-PLANT PREPARATION / 9
Installation
The exact placement of the components will vary by installation. Although shown beneath a sink, it may be installed in a
basement, crawl space, or in an adjacent cabinet. Regardless
of where the system is installed, the flow sequence
described by (Fig. 7) must be observed.
The Aqua-Cleer®/Good Water Machine™ drinking water system is designed to be mounted near a sink for easy access to
cold water and drain lines. Lengths of 1/4-inch and 3/8-inch
OD plastic tubing will be required to make this installation. A
length of Culligan® drain tubing is required to install the air
gap siphon break.
FIG. 7
10 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
Evaluate the installation site to determine the easiest path for
the plumbing to follow. Take care to make the installation as
neat as possible.
NOTICE: Install the drain line so that it runs downward
with no loops or low spots. Otherwise the unit will overflow
at the air gap siphon break built into the faucet, or make
irritating gurgling sounds. The concentrate line that leads
to the faucet should be installed in a straight vertical path
to avoid making a gurgling noise.
The following steps will enable you to install the system
quickly and orderly. Some variation may be necessary
depending on the installation. See page 3 for a check list of
tools and materials.
The flat-bottom design of the filter housings allows the
option of standing the filter system assembly on the cabinet
floor rather than mounting it to the wall. The filter assembly
is reversible on the mounting bracket.
Typical installations follow this sequence:
• Select Component Installation Locations.
• Clear and Prepare Area.
• Install Faucet.
• Provide Inlet Water Supply.
• Provide Drain Connection
• Install Reservoir Tank.
• Install Filter System Assembly.
• Connect All System Components.
• Start-Up
• Performance Check
• Clean up Work Area.
• Review Operation with Customer.
Select Component Installation Locations
• Dispenser Faucet - The Culligan® faucet is designed to
be mounted on the rear lip of the sink. It may be installed
in an existing sprayer attachment hole or in a hole drilled
at the time of installation. It may also be mounted to an
adjacent counter top. It should be positioned so that water
is dispensed over the sink. A minimum 1-1/4" diameter
hole is required.
When installing the Aqua-Cleer SentryTM water quality
monitor, refer to the installation instructions packaged with
the monitor. Make certain the TDS level setting corresponds to the customer’s water supply.
Important considerations:
• Access to the bottom (undersink) of the faucet is
required for attachment of product water line.
• The faucet can be installed for left- or right-handed
operation.
• There should be no undersink obstructions which would
prevent smooth tubing runs to the drain connection,
carbon postfilter, or RO module assembly.
• Filter System Assembly - The filter system assembly is
designed to be mounted on any rigid vertical surface such
as a cabinet sidewall or basement rafter. It should be positioned such that there is access to an inlet water source and
drain. The installation should also allow convenient
access for servicing.
• Inlet Water Supply Connection
Once a location is chosen for installation of the filter
system assembly, select a nearby cold water line to
provide the water source for the system. For undersink
installations, the cold water faucet line can usually be
tapped.
• The Reservoir Tank
Position the reservoir tank near the faucet for optimum
customer convenience. The standard & medium reservoir
tank will weigh about 28 pounds (13 kg) when full of water,
so it must be positioned on a stand or held securely by the
optional mounting bracket, PN P1-0040-61(medium) PN
P1-0060-26 (standard) (Fig.8).
The reservoir operates best in the vertical position, but it
will operate on its side. However, air will not escape readily
and foaming may occur at the faucet nozzle. This should
be explained to the customer prior to installation.
• Drain Connection
The most convenient entry to the drain is directly above
the P-trap of the kitchen sink. However, the concentrate
water from the system can be connected to adjacent sinks
or a floor drain. Extra care should be taken when entering
drains near dishwashers or garbage disposals as back flow
may occur through the air gap and cause flooding.
Clear and Prepare Area
FIG. 8
Since this product is more likely to be installed within the
customer’s daily living space than other water conditioning
INSTALLATION / 11
products, the installation area should be kept neat and clean.
If possible, consult with the customer as to how the installation site is used.
• Insert the punch. Cut the hole by tightening the drive
screw.
• Remove any roughness with a file and clean up metal
chips.
Faucet Installation
Porcelain Enamel Sink
The Aqua-Cleer®/Good Water Machine™ drinking water
faucet was designed by Culligan to compliment the RO drinking water system. Properly installed, it will help to maximize
your customer’s product satisfaction. To simplify its access
and installation, we suggest you install the faucet on the rear
lip of the sink. It should be evenly positioned with the sink
faucet and spray attachment. Should the spray faucet hole
not be available for the installation, the sink must be drilled.
Follow these basic guidelines when drilling a porcelain sink:
• Penetrate the porcelain to the base material.
• Protect the surrounding porcelain material
• Use the appropriate tool to drill the base material.
One proven tool is the Relton porcelain cutter kit, PN
00-5916-25, when used with a slow speed drill (300-400 rpm).
• Drill a pilot hole through the porcelain and base material
with the carbide tip drill.
• Build a putty dam around the drill area. Add enough
water to lubricate cutters and reduce cutting noise.
• Insert the porcelain cutter into the drill.
• Place the drill tip in the pilot hole. Check for free movement.
• Apply light pressure to the cutter tool and start the drill
motor at low speed (300-400 rpm). When the initial cut
has been made in the porcelain, speed may be increased.
After a complete ring has been cut through the porcelain,
change over to the metal cutter.
Sink Drilling Instructions
Stainless Steel Sink
• Select the proper faucet location.
• Center punch hole to provide a starting point for your
drill.
• Drill a 1/2-inch hole to accept the shank of a 1-1/4-inch
Greenlee Hole Punch.
CAUTION: Avoid high drill speed during penetration of porcelain. A single speed drill can be used at
a slow speed by switching it on and off quickly.
• Avoid contacting the outer rim of cut porcelain when
drilling.
• Use a slow speed and light pressure to cut away the
porcelain.
• Stop when you reach the metal under the porcelain.
Remove the cutter and clean the porcelain chips from
the surface. Continue cutting through the metal.
NOTICE: Ceramic tile counters should be treated like
porcelain when penetrating the surface, then treated as
metal to complete the hole with carbide drills. Formica
countertops can be drilled with a high-speed wood drill.
Preassembly
For in-shop preassembly (Refer to Fig. 9), complete Preparation Steps 1-5 and Installation Assembly 6-12.
Preparation
1. Install the toggle bolts loosely onto the faucet base.
Adjust to approximate thickness of the sink.
2. Make sure the brass J tube inside the top of the inner
body is centered over the drain hole. Press firmly to
seat. Push the air gap seal over the air gap port on the
inner body.
FIG. 9
12 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
3. Determine whether the installation is right or left handed.
When used, feed the monitor cable through the top
inner and outer bodies. Do not position the monitor
display at this time. NOTICE: Monitors preassembled
to a faucet require working with close assembly tolerances. All twists must be eliminated from the cable to
properly align and assemble faucet body components.
4. Chrome Faucet Only - Based on whether the installation is right or left handed and if a monitor is to be used,
insert the spout through the top cap and install the
retaining ring into the top groove of the spout.
5. Lubricate the stem seal ring and the o-ring with food
grade lubricant, PN 00-4715-07. Push the stem seal
ring firmly into the stem. Install the stem seal back up
ring on top of the seal.
6. For in-shop preassembly, complete Installation/Assembly steps 6 through 12. Otherwise, begin the
INSTALLATION/ASSEMBLY sequence with step 3
at the installation site.
Installation/Assembly
NOTICE: If the faucet has not been preassembled, begin the
INSTALLATION/ASSEMBLY sequence with step 3 at the
installation site.
CAUTION: Plastic parts will break if screws are
overtightened.
1. Remove the top cap/spout (preassembled faucets only).
2. Insert a #1 Phillips screwdriver through the clearance
slots and remove the faucet base (preassembled faucets
only).
3. Center the gasket over the 1-1/4" sink hole. Orient the
notches in the 3, 6, 9 and 12 o’clock positions. Place
the faucet base on top of the gasket and push the toggle
bolts through the sink hole. The cable notch in the base
should be on the opposite side of the desired handle
position and should line up with one of the notches in
the gasket.
6. Feed the monitor cable, if used, down through the
faucet base. Be sure that all twists are eliminated from
the cable.
7. Position the monitor cable in the notch of the base;
locate the air gap port on the inner body opposite the
cable notch, slide the inner body or faucet assembly
onto the base. Fasten to the base using two #6-32 x
3/8" Phillips round head screws.
NOTICE: Skip steps 8 through 11 if the faucet has been
preassembled.
8. Align the air gap hole in the outer body with the air gap
port and slide the outer body over the inner body until it
meets the base. Position the monitor cable in the notch
on the outer body closest to the final position of the
display.
9. Screw the stem into the large hole in the inner body
until the handle on the stem is lined up with the air gap
port.
10. Position the lever clearance slot over the lever and slide
the top inner body over the stem until it contacts the
outer body. Secure the top inner body using two #6-32
x 7/8" Phillips round head screws. Check to make sure
that the handle operates smoothly.
11. Push excess monitor cable back through the faucet
assembly and position the display on the top inner body
so that it is readable. It may be necessary to pull gently
on the monitor cable from below the sink.
12. Slide the cap/spout onto the faucet assembly until the
circular boss on top of the inner body is flush with the
top of the cap. If a monitor is installed, be sure that the
display is visible through the window in the cap.
Fasten the cap to the faucet assembly using the #4-40 x
3/8" Phillips flat head screw. Be careful not to damage
the head of this screw as it is always visible.
4. Slide the installation tool into the base. The “T” on the
tool will be on the handle side of the faucet. Align the
base by making the stem of the “T” line up with the
back of the sink, and the crossbar of the “T” point straight
out of the sink. Hold the assembly tool down and tighten
the toggle bolts. Remove the installation tool and check
that the toggles are firmly seated on the sink.
5. Connect drain inlet and drain outlet tubing to the black
inner body. Push the 1/4" (blue is recommended) concentrate inlet tube securely onto the concentrate inlet
barb. Be sure to use enough tubing. Slide the 1/2"
black concentrate tube snugly onto the concentrate outlet nipple. Feed these tubes down through the faucet
base.
FIG. 10
INSTALLATION / 13
13. Slide the ferrule down the spout so that it rests on top of
the faucet cap.
14. Push the 3/8" product water tube firmly into the 3/8" x
3/8" union connector. From beneath the sink, slide the
connector firmly onto the 3/8" product water nipple of
the faucet inner body. NOTICE: To disconnect tubing
from the product water fitting, hold the gray collet firmly
against fitting body and pull the tube from the fitting.
Repeated assembly and disassembly will cause wear
to the inner body. Visually inspect for excessive wear
and replace the inner body as needed to protect
against any leaks.
15. Complete the faucet installation by carefully applying
the face decal to the faucet face. Decals are supplied
for units with or without the monitor. The decal cannot
be reapplied, so ensure position is correct before affixing it to the faucet base.
Provide Inlet Water Supply
A wide variety of plumbing circumstances and choices exist
to provide the feed water supply. The first connection in the
system is at the prefilter where a 1/4-inch connection is supplied. The supply water plumbing should therefore terminate
in a 1/4-inch tube fitting. Copper tubing or galvanized
iron pipe is the typical plumbing used in most homes.
Piercing Valve
A special piercing valve (Fig.10), is available which makes
its own hole as it is tightened down.
Connecting Aqua-Cleer® System Drains
Plumbing codes require that the drain from reverse osmosis
drinking water systems be discharged through an air gap
siphon break. The Aqua-Cleer faucet incorporates an air gap
into its body. The discharge from the air gap must be
connected to the plumbing system for proper drainage. This
connection can usually be made beneath the sink. Incorrect
installation may result in overflow of the air gap or
excessive noise. If the concentrate water is discharged to an
open drain, the air gap may not be necessary.
The air gap feature of the Culligan® faucet requires a special
.46-inch ID flexible black poly drain tube. This special size is
necessary to meet the space and performance requirements
of the faucet design. The exclusive use of Culligan tubing is
required to provide a reliable drain connection.
Connections to undersink plumbing can be made with a saddle
clamp designed to accept the drain tubing from the faucet.
Culligan offers a saddle kit, PN 01-0003-29, designed for
1-1/2" undersink drain plumbing (Fig. 11). Be sure to check
and follow local plumbing codes prior to installation.
Many homes are equipped with disposals and dishwashers.
Special care must be taken when these appliances are present
to prevent improper air gap performance. Home drain plumbing must be free of any blockage since this may cause a
backup of dishwasher and disposal waste into the air gap
outlet tube and result in improper air gap
performance.
To perform a simple drain check, fill the sink basin with
several inches of water, pull the plug, and observe the drainage. If water backs up into the second sink (if present), or if
drainage is slow or there is excessive gurgling, drain
blockage may be present.
Undersink drain plumbing usually resembles one of the
following descriptions. In all cases, the drain tubing from the
air gap (RO outlet) should run downward, free of dips and
loops. The air gap outlet must not be connected to the effluent side of the trap. This can vent sewer gas, which will
produce foul odors.
Single basin sink without disposal:
• Connect the RO outlet to the tailpiece directly beneath
the sink.
• If a dishwasher drain connection is present, the RO
outlet must be connected above it.
Single basin sink with disposal:
• Connect the RO outlet to the dishwasher drain port on
the disposal if available.
• If the dishwasher drain port is not available, other
arrangements must be made such as running the RO
outlet to a basement sump.
• Do not connect the RO outlet to the plumbing below
the disposal.
Double basin sink with disposal, single trap:
FIG. 11
14 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
• The fitting which joins the drains from the disposal
and second sink should be directional. If not, then
Culligan recommends that it be replaced.
• Connect the RO outlet to the tailpiece just below the
second sink.
• If a dishwasher drain is present and cannot be
relocated, the RO outlet must be connected above it.
faucet to the concentrate outlet on the manifold
(capillary assembly).
• Do not connect the RO outlet to the horizontal plumbing between the two sink drains.
Double basin sink with disposal, double trap:
• Connect the RO outlet to the tailpiece just below the
second sink.
• If a dishwasher drain is present and cannot be
relocated, the RO outlet must be connected above it.
Reservoir Tank Placement
l
6.
If an icemaker is to be installed, a tee must be installed
between the manifold and the tank.
7.
Place the filter assembly onto the mounting bracket.
Start-Up
The following procedure should be performed during the plant
pre-delivery check out and again after installation:
Place the reservoir tank in the location previously selected.
Install Filter System Assembly
The mounting bracket contains two mounting slots. The
holes are sized to accept #10 round head wood screws (not
supplied). Some types of surfaces such as particle board or
drywall, may require the use of plastic screw anchors or toggle
bolts to provide adequate support for the unit.
• Turn on the inlet feed water valve and open the tank
valve.
• Check system thoroughly for leaks.
• Run product water from faucet to flush carbon dust
out of the carbon postfilter.
• Verify proper module performance.
• Using the mounting bracket as a template, mark the
two mounting screw locations.
• Drill a 1/8-inch hole at each mounting screw location.
• Thread a wood screw into each of the holes, leave a
1/2-inch space between the screw head and the mounting surface.
• Hang the bracket on the mounting screws and tighten.
Connect System
When cutting plastic tubing, use a sharp razor blade. Cut the
tubing squarely.
1.
Connect 1/4-inch OD plastic tubing from the feed water
supply source to the system inlet on the manifold.
2.
Connect the product water outlet on the manifold
to
the storage tank valve using 3/8" OD plastic tubing.
3.
Connect the 3/8" OD product water tube from the faucet
to the outlet of the polishing filter.
4.
Connect the product water outlet on the manifold
to
the inlet of the polishing filter using 3/8" OD plastic
tubing.
5.
Connect the 1/4" OD tubing from the air gap inlet of the
Overall System Check
• Turn on the inlet feed water valve and open the tank
valve. A complete systems check can be performed
when the reservoir tank has been precharged with
water.
• Move the faucet lever to the full open position. A
steady stream of product water should be observed if
the tank was filled earlier.
• Make a complete system check and adjust as needed
to correct any leaks.
• Run product water through the faucet to flush out any
remaining carbon dust from the post filter.
• Perform a final module check to verify proper
product performance.
• Thoroughly clean up the equipment and the
installation site.
Review Operation With Customer
Review the operation of the Culligan ® drinking water
system with the customer. Explain that the unit will require
routine maintenance of the prefilters, reverse osmosis membrane filter, and the polishing filter. Advise the customer how
often these items will need to be serviced based on your past
experience. Discuss the product and module warranties.
INSTALLATION / 15
Performance and Technical Information
The performance of the Aqua-Cleer®/Good Water Machine™
system can be characterized and judged by the quality and
quantity of the water produced by the system. By measuring
the contaminant removal performance and flow rates of the
system, its operating status can be easily evaluated.
sure. As the total dissolved solids level of the feed water
increases, the amount of osmotic pressure increases and acts
as back pressure against the reverse osmosis process. Osmotic pressure becomes significant at TDS levels above
500 mg/L (ppm).
Recovery
Factors Which Affect Performance
Performance of the reverse osmosis membrane filter is
affected by several factors which must be considered when
judging the condition of the system. The main factors which
affect system performance are pressure, temperature, total
dissolved solids level, recovery and pH.
Pressure
Water pressure affects both the quantity and quality of the
water produced by the RO membrane filter. Generally, the
more water pressure, the better the performance of the
system. Be careful not to exceed 120 psi, the maximum
operating pressure of the Aqua-Cleer system.
Temperature
The reverse osmosis process slows with decreasing temperature. To compensate, a temperature correction factor is used
to adjust the actual performance of the RO membrane filter to
the standard temperature of 77°F (25°C). This allows the
performance of the unit to be accurately gauged against
Culligan’s published standards. Temperature does not affect
the concentrate flow rate.
Recovery is the ratio of the amount of product water “recovered” by the system to the total amount of water which passes
through the system.
Performance Measurements
When collecting water samples from the manifold, insert a
short 2"-3" length of tubing into the fitting on the manifold to
catch the water sample. It may be necessary to plug the
second product water fitting on the manifold while the sample
is being taken.
Measuring TDS Levels
This procedure requires the use of a Total Dissolved Solids
(TDS) meter (Fig. 12). PN D0-4705-04 On a triple-range meter,
always set the instrument on its highest scale and work down
until the proper scale is reached. The meter can be
damaged if the needle is allowed to run off the scale.
To accurately check RO membrane filter performance,
water samples should be taken directly from the product
water outlet on the manifold assembly. Avoid taking samples
from the faucet.
Total Dissolved Solids
The minimum driving force which is necessary to stop or
reverse the natural osmosis process is termed osmotic pres-
Measure and record the TDS level of the feed water and
product water as follows:
16 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
Measuring Temperature
Use a thermometer to measure the temperature of the
product water. It is most convenient to take this reading
when the product water flow rate is checked.
Checking System Performance
Procedure
The following procedure is summarized on the Performance
Worksheet printed on page 19. It details the measurement
and evaluation of the key aspects of Aqua-Cleer® /Good Water
Machine™ system performance:
• Quality of water produced
• Quantity of water produced and stored
• Efficiency of operation
FIG. 12
• Rinse the cell cup twice with water to be tested, then
fill to the top.
• Press the button on the front of the meter and read the
dial for the dissolved solids content of the product
water in parts per million (ppm).
This procedure should be used to evaluate and record the
performance of a new system and to check the performance
of an operational system. The results of the new system
performance evaluation should be retained as a benchmark
of system performance in the years to come.
Checking Quality
Measuring Flow Rates
To measure flow rates, it is necessary to use a graduated
cylinder (100 ml suggested), and a watch or stopwatch with a
second hand. Measure and record the product and concentrate flow rates as follows:
• Collect the water sample directly from the manifold
for exactly one minute or exactly two minutes.
Measure and record the TDS level of both the product water
and the feed water. Calculate the percent removal of TDS as
follows:
Removal =
(Feed Water TDS - Product Water TDS)
x 100%
(Feed Water TDS)
As an example, consider a system which is producing 50
mg/L product water from a 1000 mg/L source:
• Convert the measured flow rate to gallons per day (gpd)
as follows:
[(1000 - 50) ÷ 1000] x 100% = 95% Removal
one minute sample:
Checking Quantity Produced
ml x 0.40 conversion = gpd
min.
two minute sample: ml
÷ 5 conversion = gpd
2 min.
Measure and record both the flow rate and temperature of the
product water. Record the temperature correction factor from
TABLE 2 - TEMPERATURE CORRECTION FACTORS
(77°F (25°C) rating multiplied by correction factor equals capacity)
Feed Water
Temperature
°F
°C
36
2
38
3
40
4
42
6
44
7
46
8
48
50
9
10.0
Correction
Factor
0.33
0.34
0.37
0.40
0.43
0.46
Feed Water
Temperature
°F
°C
52
11
54
12
56
13
58
14
60
16
62
17
0.50
0.52
64
66
18
19
Correction
Factor
0.56
0.59
0.63
0.65
0.69
0.72
Feed Water
Temperature
°F
°C
68
20
70
21
72
22
74
23
76
24
77
25
0.76
0.79
78
80
26
27
Correction
Factor
0.83
0.87
0.90
0.94
0.96
1.00
1.03
1.06
PERFORMANCE AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION / 17
Table 2 which corresponds to the measured flow rate to
the 77°F (25°C) standard as follows:
Adjusted
Flow
Rate
=
sure to determine the effective module pressure. Measure
=
—
the feed water pressure and calculate the effective module
pressure as follows:
Measured
Temperature
Flow
÷ Correction
Rate
Factor
Effective Module
Pressure
As an example, if the above system is producing 8 gpd at
60°F, the Temperature Correction Factor from Table 2 is 0.69.
=
Measured
Pressure
-
Osmotic
Pressure
If the pressure measured from our example system is 60 psi:
60 - 10 = 50 psi Effective Module Pressure
8 gpd ÷ 0.69 = 11.6 gpd @ 77°F
The TDS levels of the product and feed water were
measured in the previous section. To accurately predict the
performance of the RO module, the feed water pressure must
be adjusted to account for osmotic pressure. Calculate
osmotic pressure as follows:
Using the effective module pressure, read the standard product flow rate from the flow graph in (Fig. 13). For our
example system, we find the standard product flow is 35 gpd
at 50 psi. Comparing this to the adjusted flow rate, we find the
example system operating within the limits of the
published standard.
Checking Quantity Stored
Osmotic Pressure = 1 psi for every 100 mg/L TDS
From the previous example system:
To predict the volume of water which will be stored by the
system, it is necessary to determine the approximate product
water pressure at which the system considers the tank full
and the automatic shutoff actuates.
1000 ÷ 100 = 10 psi Osmotic Pressure
Since osmotic pressure acts as back pressure against the RO
process, it is subtracted from the measured feed water pres-
FIG. 13
18 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
Feed Water Pressure x 0.6 = Shutoff Pressure
Checking Efficiency
Measure and record the product water flow and the concentrate water flow. Calculate the percent recovery as follows:
Continuing the previous example:
60 psi x 0.6 = 36 psi
Measure the storage tank air pressure using a tire gauge (w/
1 psi increments) and read the corresponding storage volume. If our example system is equipped with the medium tank
containing 5 psi air, from the graph (Fig. 14) we see that it can
store approximately 2.7 gallons.
%
Recovery =
Product Water Flow
x 100%
(ProductWaterFlow+Conc.WaterFlow)
If the concentrate flow rate for the example system is
measured at 66 gpd:
STANDARD TANK
MEDIUM TANK
2 Gallon Nominal
3 Gallon Nominal
Tank Volume, Gallons
3.0
2.0
1.0
0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
0
10
Tank Pressure, psi
20
30
40
50
60
Tank Pressure, psi
LARGE TANK
9 Gallon Nominal
Tank Volume, Gallons
Tank Volume, Gallons
22 gpd ÷ (22 gpd + 66 gpd) x 100% = 25% Recovery
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Tank Pressure, psi
FIG. 14
PERFORMANCE AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION / 19
Aqua-Cleer®/Good Water Machine™ System
Performance Worksheet
QUALITY
Feed Water TDS: TDSFEED __________
Product Water TDS: TDSPROD __________
[(TDSFEED - TDSPROD) ÷ TDSFEED] x 100 = __________% Removal
QUANTITY PRODUCED
Product Water Flow: FPROD ___________
Product Water Temperature: T__________
Temperature Correction Factor: TCF________
FPROD ÷ TCF = __________FCORR (Corrected Product Flow)
Feed Water TDS: TDSFEED __________
(TDSFEED - 500) x 0.014 = __________ Pos (Osmotic Pressure)
Feed Water Pressure: PFEED __________
PFEED - POS = __________ PEFF (Effective Pressure)
Read Theoretical Product Flow From Figure 13
at Effective Pressure, Compare to Corrected Product Flow.
Theoretical Product Flow: FTHEOR __________
QUANTITY STORED
Feed Water Pressure: PFEED __________
PFEED x 0.60 = __________PT (Tank Pressure at Shutoff)
Tank Air Pressure: PA __________
Using PT and PA, Read the Volume of Water Stored When the Shutoff
Actuates from Figure 14.
Volume Stored: VS __________
EFFICIENCY
Product Water Flow: FPROD __________
Concentrate Water Flow: FCONC __________
FP ÷ (FPROD + FCONC) x 100 = __________ % Recovery
20 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
Service and Maintenance
Service Schedule
To keep the Aqua-Cleer®/Good Water Machine™ system
operating properly, it is necessary to change the filters and
sanitize the system periodically. Typically, this should be done
on an annual basis. Service frequency may vary depending
on local water conditions. High sediment, chlorine, turbidity,
or hardness levels may require more frequent service. Use
the following as a guide.
At least once per year
Replace:
• Particle Filter
• Activated Carbon Filter
• Polishing Filter
Check:
RO Membrane Filter
• TDS Reduction Performance
• Flow Rates
Capillary Assembly
Sanitize the System.
Cartridge Conditioning
The activated carbon, reverse osmosis, and polishing filter
cartridges must be conditioned as follows prior to installation
into the Aqua-Cleer/Good Water Machine system. Follow
the procedures detailed in the “In-Plant Preparation” section
of this manual.
Activated Carbon Cartridge - 5 gallon flush to remove
carbon dust
RO Membrane Filter - 24 hour flush to remove preservative solution
Polishing Filter - 2 gallon flush to remove carbon dust
Filter Replacement and Sanitizing Procedure
Use the following procedure when servicing the Aqua-Cleer/
Good Water Machine system. Refer to Figures 15 & 16.
NOTICE: You may want to fill a pitcher with drinking water
before beginning service as it will take several hours for the
system to refill after servicing.
The Aqua-Cleer/Good Water Machine system may be
sanitized with either 5-1/4% liquid chlorine bleach or a fresh
bottle of consumer grade hydrogen peroxide.
NOTICE: The reverse osmosis membrane filter used in this
system may be severely damaged by chlorine. The membrane filter must be removed from the system if chlorine bleach
is to be used for sanitizing.
NOTICE: Hydrogen peroxide should not be used if iron is
present in the supply water as the RO membrane filter may
be damaged.
Cleanliness is essential in the filter replacement procedure.
Be sure to wash your hands thoroughly before handling
filters. The use of surgical gloves is strongly recommended.
1.
Locate the system’s supply valve and turn off the
system’s water supply.
2.
Open the dispenser faucet and drain the storage tank.
3.
Lift the filter assembly from the mounting bracket and
place it in a dish pan or similar vessel to catch any
dripping water.
4.
Pull the u-clip from the rear of the particle filter housing
①.
5.
Insert the u-clip into the two square holes at the bottom
rear of the manifold. Push up to release the filter
housing.
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE / 21
② and RO membrane ③ filter
6.
Remove the filter cartridge with a downward twisting
pull.
7.
Clean the inside of the housing.
8.
Lubricate the cartridge o-ring with water and insert the
new filter cartridge into the manifold.
17. Check the performance of the system according to the
procedure outlined in the “Performance and Technical
Information” section of this manual. Replace the RO
membrane filter if necessary.
9.
Pour: two tablespoons liquid chlorine bleach or 3 ounces
hydrogen peroxide into the particle filter housing.
18. Remove the capillary assembly from the manifold and
inspect for signs of clogging. Replace if required.
10. Assemble the housing to the manifold and replace the
u-clip.
19. If using hydrogen peroxide, disconnect the storage tank
tube from the manifold. With an eyedropper or similar
device, inject one tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide into
the tube and reconnect it to the manifold.
11. Repeat steps 4-7 and remove the activated carbon
cartridge ② and, if using chlorine bleach, the RO
membrane filter ③.
12. Assemble the empty housing(s) to the manifold and
replace the u-clip(s).
NOTICE: When replacing the RO membrane filter housing,
be sure the drain adaptor is in place.
13. Turn on the supply valve and allow the system to fill
with water. Once water begins to drip or flow from the
faucet, close the faucet and allow the tank to fill.
14. Turn off the supply valve and allow the system to sit for
ten minutes.
15. Open the dispenser faucet and drain the storage tank.
16. Repeat steps 4,5,8 and 10 for replacement of the
activated carbon
cartridges.
20. Note the direction of flow and disconnect the tubing
from the polishing filter.
21. Note the direction of flow and install the new polishing
filter.
22. Replace the filter assembly onto the mounting bracket.
23. Repeat step 13.
24. After the tank has filled (3-4 hours), open the faucet and
drain the storage tank to flush the new postfilter and any
remaining sanitizing solution from the system.
25. Allow the system to refill. Your system is now ready for
use.
26. Record your service on the chart at the end of the Owner’s
Guide.
FIG. 15
22 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
FIG. 16
Troubleshooting Guide
If a problem cannot be corrected through use of this Troubleshooting Guide and assistance from the factory is
required, please have the following information available:
1. Product water flow rate (directly from module).
2. Concentrate flow rate (from concentrate water outlet of module housing). Pressure relief valve must be closed
when measuring concentrate flow rate.
3. Feed water line pressure.
*4. Product water quality (directly from module).
*5. Reservoir water quality.
*6. Feed water quality.
7. Feed water temperature.
8. Reservoir precharge pressure.
*Check with TDS meter PN D0-4705-04.
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
REMEDY
1. Insufficient quantity
of product water
available to service.
a. Service greater than
unit’s specified output.
a. Use optional large tank for more storage
capacity.
b. Insufficient feed
water flow.
b. 1. Clogged shut-off valve or feed tubing;
clean out or replace
2. Clogged prefilter; replace.
3. Clogged manifold; clean or replace.
c. Insufficient feed
water pressure
c. 1. Same as (b) above
2. Change in line pressure; install booster
pump.
d. Increase in feed water
TDS.
d. 1. Same as (a) above.
2. Install booster pump.
e. Reduced feed water
temperature
e. Same
f.
f.
2. Poor product water
quality
Plugged prefilter.
Replace filter element.
g. Plugged polishing
filter.
g. Replace polishing filter.
h. RO membrane filter
fouled with sediment.
h. Replace RO membrane filter and prefilter
elements.
i.
i.
Shutoff malfunction.
Clean or replace shutoff.
a. All of (1) above
except (a) and (e)
a. All of (1) above except (a), (e), and (g).
b. RO membrane filter.
worn out.
b. Replace RO membrane filter.
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE / 23
3. Bad tasting product
water
c. Bad O-ring on
RO membrane filter.
c. Replace O-ring
d. Shutoff malfunction.
d. Replace shutoff.
a. Decrease in product
quality; see (2) above.
a. Same as (2) above.
b. Foreign matter in
storage tank.
b. Clean, sanitize, and flush storage tank.
c. Polishing filter
exhausted.
c. Replace polishing filter
d. Leakage around membrane d. Replace O-rings
filter O-rings.
4. External leakage.
e. Plugged capillary tube.
e. Replace capillary tube; replace prefilter,
if necessary.
f.
f.
Storage tank bladder
is ruptured.
Replace storage tank and check precharge
pressure.
a. Tubing not fully seated
in fitting
a. Check all fittings for tightness.
b. Tubing abraded in seal
area.
b. Recut tubing and redo connection.
a. Concentrate tubing
plugged.
a. Clean concentrate tubing of debris.
b. Air gap plugged.
b. Clean with vinegar and/or soap.
c. Concentrate tubing not in
continuous downward
slope.
c. Eliminate loops or low spots in tubing.
d. Obstructed home drain
pipe.
d. Free obstruction.
6. Foaming at faucet tip.
a. Storage tank is positioned on side
(Dissolved air cannot
escape.)
a. Place tank in vertical position.
7. Foaming at air-gap
a. Concentrate tubing
connected to same drain
line as dishwasher, etc.
a. Find different drain for system.
b. When sink is full of
soapy water and plug
is pulled, can back up
at air-gap.
b. Obstructed home drain, free obstruction.
c. Obstructed home drain
c. Free obstruction
5. Overflow at faucet air
gap (gurgling sounds).
24 / AQUA-CLEER®/GOOD WATER MACHINE™ DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS
8. Bad smell from product
water.
a. Polishing filter exhausted.
a. Replace polishing filter.
b. Prefilter element
b. Replace filter element.
c. Unit needs disinfection.
c. Sanitize unit.
9. Fast flow to drain.
a. Defective capillary tube.
a. Replace capillary tube.
10. Black specks in
product water.
a. Carbon fines.
a. Flush polishing filter.
11. Low faucet pressure
a. Low precharge in
storage tank.
a. Increase storage tank precharge.
b. Polishing filter plugged.
b. Replace polishing filter.
a. Excessive turbidity.
a. Install another 5 micron filter in series with
existing one or substitute carbon block filter
for granular activated carbon filter.
b. Iron fouled.
b. Pretreat for iron removal.
c. Iron-bacteria fouled.
c. Sanitize plumbing.
12. Capillary tube plugging
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE / 25