Yamaha Virago XV125S Owner`s manual

OWNER’S MANUAL
XV125S
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
99·6– 0.1× 1(E) !
5AJ-28199-E3
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5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 1
INTRODUCTION
EAU00001
Welcome to the Yamaha world of motorcycling!
1
As the owner of a XV125S, you are benefiting from Yamaha’s vast experience in and newest
technology for the design and the manufacture of high-quality products, which have earned
Yamaha a reputation for dependability.
2
Please take the time to read this manual thoroughly, so as to enjoy all your XV125S’s advantages. The owner’s manual does not only instruct you in how to operate, inspect and maintain
your motorcycle, but also in how to safeguard yourself and others from trouble and injury.
3
4
5
In addition, the many tips given in this manual will help to keep your motorcycle in the best
possible condition. If you have any further questions, do not hesitate to contact your Yamaha
dealer.
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7
The Yamaha team wishes you many safe and pleasant rides. So, remember to put safety first!
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU00005
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
1
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS
INVOLVED!
Q
2
3
4
w
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the
motorcycle operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the motorcycle.
cC
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to
the motorcycle.
NOTE:
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
5
6
7
8
9
NOTE:
8 This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should
remain with it even if the motorcycle is subsequently sold.
8 Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore,
while this manual contains the most current product information available at the time
of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this manual. If there is any question concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 3
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
w
EW000002
PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING THIS
MOTORCYCLE.
1
2
3
4
5
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1
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EAU00008
XV125S
OWNER’S MANUAL
©1999 by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
1st Edition, June 1999
All rights reserved. Any reprinting or
unauthorized use without the written
permission of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 5
EAU00009
1
2
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GIVE SAFETY THE RIGHT OF WAY ..................1-1
DESCRIPTION .....................................................2-1
Left view............................................................2-1
Right view .........................................................2-2
Controls/Instruments .......................................2-3
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
FUNCTIONS........................................................3-1
Main switch ......................................................3-1
Indicator lights..................................................3-1
Speedometer ....................................................3-2
Handlebar switches..........................................3-2
Clutch lever.......................................................3-4
Shift pedal.........................................................3-4
Front brake lever ..............................................3-4
Rear brake pedal ..............................................3-5
Fuel tank cap.....................................................3-5
Fuel....................................................................3-6
Fuel cock ...........................................................3-7
Starter (choke) “1” .........................................3-8
Steering lock.....................................................3-8
Seat ...................................................................3-9
Helmet holder...................................................3-9
Rear shock absorber adjustment ..................3-10
Sidestand ........................................................3-10
Sidestand/clutch switch operation check.....3-11
4
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS.................................4-1
Pre-operation check list ...................................4-1
5
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING
POINTS................................................................5-1
Starting the engine ..........................................5-1
Starting a warm engine ...................................5-3
Shifting..............................................................5-4
Recommended shift point
(for Switzerland only) ......................................5-4
Tips for reducing fuel consumption ...............5-5
Engine break-in ................................................5-5
Parking ..............................................................5-6
2
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR
REPAIR ................................................................6-1
Tool kit ..............................................................6-1
Periodic maintenance and lubrication............6-3
Panel removal and installation .......................6-6
Panel A ..............................................................6-6
Panel B ..............................................................6-7
Spark plugs.......................................................6-8
Engine oil ..........................................................6-9
Air filter ...........................................................6-12
7
6
1
3
4
5
6
8
9
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Carburetor adjustment ..................................6-15
Idle speed adjustment ...................................6-15
Throttle cable free play adjustment..............6-16
Valve clearance adjustment ..........................6-16
Tires.................................................................6-17
Wheels ............................................................6-19
Clutch lever free play adjustment.................6-19
Front brake lever free play adjustment ........6-20
Rear brake pedal height and free play
adjustment......................................................6-21
Brake light switch adjustment.......................6-22
Checking the front brake pads and rear brake
shoes ...............................................................6-22
Inspecting the brake fluid level .....................6-23
Brake fluid replacement.................................6-24
Drive chain slack check..................................6-24
Drive chain slack adjustment ........................6-25
Drive chain lubrication...................................6-26
Cable inspection and lubrication ..................6-27
Throttle cable and grip lubrication ...............6-27
Brake and shift pedal lubrication ..................6-28
Brake and clutch lever lubrication ................6-28
Sidestand lubrication.....................................6-28
Front fork inspection......................................6-29
Steering inspection ........................................6-29
Wheel bearings ..............................................6-30
Battery.............................................................6-30
Fuse replacement...........................................6-32
Headlight bulb replacement..........................6-33
Turn signal light bulb replacement ..............6-34
Taillight bulb replacement ............................6-35
Supporting the motorcycle ...........................6-36
Front wheel removal......................................6-36
Front wheel installation .................................6-37
Rear wheel removal .......................................6-38
Rear wheel installation ..................................6-39
Troubleshooting.............................................6-40
Troubleshooting chart ...................................6-41
7
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE ..............7-1
Care ...................................................................7-1
Storage..............................................................7-4
8
SPECIFICATIONS................................................8-1
How to use the conversion table ....................8-5
9
CONSUMER INFORMATION .............................9-1
Identification number records.........................9-1
Key identification number ...............................9-1
Vehicle identification number .........................9-1
Model label .......................................................9-2
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Q GIVE SAFETY THE RIGHT OF WAY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
EAU00021
Motorcycles are fascinating vehicles, which can give you an unsurpassed feeling of power and
freedom. However, they also impose certain limits, which you must accept; even the best
motorcycle does not ignore the laws of physics.
Regular care and maintenance are essential for preserving your motorcycle’s value and operating condition. Moreover, what is true for the motorcycle is also true for the rider: good performance depends on being in good shape. Riding under the influence of medication, drugs and
alcohol is, of course, out of the question. Motorcycle riders - more than car drivers - must
always be at their mental and physical best. Under the influence of even small amounts of
alcohol, there is a tendency to take dangerous risks.
Protective clothing is as essential for the motorcycle rider as seat belts are for car drivers and
passengers. Always wear a complete motorcycle suit (whether made of leather or tear-resistant
synthetic materials with protectors), sturdy boots, motorcycle gloves and a properly fitting helmet. Optimum protective wear, however, should not encourage carelessness. Though full-coverage helmets and suits, in particular, create an illusion of total safety and protection, motorcyclists will always be vulnerable. Riders who lack critical self-control run the risk of going too
fast and are apt to take chances. This is even more dangerous in wet weather. The good motorcyclist rides safely, predictably and defensively - avoiding all dangers, including those caused
by others.
9
Enjoy your ride!
1-1
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EAU00026
DESCRIPTION
Left view
1
2
4
3
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Headlight
Steering lock
Fuel cock
Main switch
Fuses
7
(page 6-33)
(page 3-8)
(page 3-7)
(page 3-1)
(page 6-32)
6. Helmet holder
(page 3-9)
7. Rear shock absorber spring preload
adjusting ring
(page 3-10)
8. Shift pedal
(page 3-4)
2-1
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DESCRIPTION
Right view
9
10
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
14
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Battery
Air filter
Rear brake pedal
Oil filter
Tool kit
12
13
(page 6-30)
(page 6-12)
(page 3-5, 6-21)
(page 6-9)
(page 6-1)
11
14. Rear shock absorber spring preload
adjusting ring
(page 3-10)
2-2
8
9
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DESCRIPTION
Controls/Instruments
15
1
16
17
18
19
2
3
4
5
6
7
21
8
9
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Clutch lever
Left handlebar switches
Speedometer
Right handlebar switches
Front brake lever
(page 3-4, 6-19)
(page 3-2)
(page 3-2)
(page 3-3)
(page 3-4, 6-20)
20. Throttle grip
21. Fuel tank cap
2-3
20
(page 6-16)
(page 3-5)
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EAU00027
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00054
P (Parking)
The taillight and auxiliary light
come on but all other circuits are
off. With the key at “OFF”, push it
into the main switch, turn it counterclockwise to “P”, and remove it.
To cancel the parking, turn the key
clockwise.
ON
OFF
P
1
2
1
2
3
3
1. High beam indicator light “&”
2. Neutral indicator light “N”
3. Turn indicator light “5”
EAU00028
Main switch
4
EAU00056
The main switch controls the ignition and lighting systems. Its operation is described below.
Indicator lights
5
EAU00063
High beam indicator light “&”
This indicator comes on when the
headlight high beam is used.
EAU00036
ON
Electrical circuits are switched on.
The engine can be started. The key
cannot be removed in this position.
6
7
EAU00061
Neutral indicator light “N”
This indicator comes on when the
transmission is in neutral.
EAU00038
OFF
All electrical circuits are switched
off. The key can be removed in this
position.
EAU00057
Turn indicator light “5”
This indicator flashes when the
turn switch is moved to the left or
right.
3-1
8
9
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
3
1
1
2
2
NOTE:
(for German model equipped with
speed limiter only)
This motorcycle is equipped with a
speed limiter which prevents it
from exceeding a top speed of 80
km/h.
1
2
3
4
3
4
1. Odometer
2. Trip odometer
3. Reset knob
5
Speedometer
6
7
8
9
1.
2.
3.
4.
EAU01087
Pass switch “&”
Dimmer switch
Turn signal switch
Horn switch “*”
EAU00118
Handlebar switches
The speedometer shows riding
speed.
This
speedometer
is
equipped with an odometer and
trip odometer. The trip odometer
can be reset to “0” with the reset
knob. Use the trip odometer to
estimate how far you can ride on a
tank of fuel. This information will
enable you to plan fuel stops in the
future.
EAU00119
Pass switch “&“
Press the switch to operate the
passing light.
EAU00121
Dimmer switch
Turn the switch to “&” for the
high beam and to “%” for the low
beam.
3-2
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU00127
EAU00138
Turn signal switch
To signal a right-hand turn, push
the switch to “6”. To signal a lefthand turn, push the switch to
“4”. Once the switch is released
it will return to the center position.
To cancel the signal, push the
switch in after it has returned to
the center position.
Engine stop switch
The engine stop switch is a safety
device for use in an emergency
such as when the motorcycle overturns or if trouble occurs in the
throttle system. Turn the switch to
“#” to start the engine.
In case of emergency, turn the
switch to “$” to stop the engine.
EAU00129
Horn switch “*”
Press the switch to sound the horn.
1
2
3
1. Engine stop switch
2. Lights switch
3. Start switch “$”
1
2
3
4
EAU00143
EAU00134
Lights switch
Turning the light switch to “'”,
turns on the auxiliary light, meter
lights and taillight. Turning the
light switch to “:” turns the headlight on also.
Start switch “,“
The starter motor cranks the
engine when pushing the start
switch.
cC
EC000005
See starting instructions prior to
starting the engine.
5
6
7
8
9
3-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
5
4
3
2
N
1
1
2
1
3
4
EAU00152
Clutch lever
5
6
7
8
9
The clutch lever is located on the
left handlebar, and the ignition circuit cut-off system is incorporated
in the clutch lever holder. Pull the
clutch lever to the handlebar to disengage the clutch, and release the
lever to engage the clutch. The
lever should be pulled rapidly and
released slowly for smooth clutch
operation. (Refer to the engine
starting procedures for a description of the ignition circuit cut-off
system.)
N. Neutral
1. Shift pedal
EAU00158
EAU00157
Shift pedal
This motorcycle is equipped with a
constant-mesh 5-speed transmission.
The shift pedal is located on the
left side of the engine and is used
in combination with the clutch
when shifting.
3-4
Front brake lever
The front brake lever is located on
the right handlebar. Pull it toward
the handlebar to apply the front
brake.
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
NOTE:
This tank cap cannot be closed
unless the key is in the lock. The
key cannot be removed if the cap is
not locked properly.
1
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1. Open
EAU00162
EAU00167
Rear brake pedal
Fuel tank cap
The rear brake pedal is on the right
side of the motorcycle. Press down
on the brake pedal to apply the
rear brake.
To open
Insert the key and turn it 1/4 turn
clockwise. The lock will be released
and the cap can be opened.
To close
Push the tank cap into position
with the key inserted. To remove
the key, turn it counterclockwise to
the original position.
3-5
1
2
EW000023
Be sure the cap is properly
installed and locked in place
before riding the motorcycle.
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
1
EAU00185
cC
2
Always wipe off spilled fuel immediately with a dry and clean soft
cloth. Fuel may deteriorate painted
surfaces or plastic parts.
1
2
3
4
1. Filler tube
2. Fuel level
EAU00191
Recommended fuel:
Regular unleaded gasoline
with a research octane
number of 91 or higher.
Fuel tank capacity:
Total:
9.5 L
Reserve:
2.6 L
EAU01183
5
6
7
8
9
Fuel
NOTE:
If knocking or pinging occurs, use a
different brand of gasoline or higher octane grade.
Make sure there is sufficient fuel in
the tank. Fill the fuel tank to the
bottom of the filler tube as shown
in the illustration.
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EW000130
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Avoid
spilling fuel on the hot engine. Do
not fill the fuel tank above the bottom of the filler tube or it may
overflow when the fuel heats up
later and expands.
3-6
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ON
RES
1
1
NOTE:
The fuel cock operates on vacuum
from the engine when set at “ON”
or “RES”. If the line connecting the
cock to the carburetor intake manifold is not connected or has a leak,
the cock will not function properly.
1
2
3
1. Arrow mark pointing to “ON”
1. Arrow mark pointing to “RES”
EAU00208
Fuel cock
The negative pressure fuel cock
supplies fuel from the tank to the
carburetor while filtering it also.
The fuel cock has the following
three positions:
ON
With the lever in this position, fuel
flows if the engine is running, but
stops if the engine is not running.
RES
This indicates reserve. If you run
out of fuel while riding, move the
lever to “PRI”, start the engine,
then move the lever to “RES”. FILL
THE TANK AT THE FIRST OPPORTUNITY. BE SURE TO MOVE THE
LEVER TO “ON” AFTER REFUELING.
4
5
6
7
8
9
3-7
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
PRI
1
2
1
a
1
4
5
6
7
8
1
b
3
1. Arrow mark pointing to “PRI”
PRI
This indicates prime. With the lever
in this position, fuel flows whether
the engine is running or not. If the
fuel tank is completely empty, refill
the tank and move the lever to
“PRI” to prime the carburetor.
Move the lever to “ON” after starting the engine.
1. Starter (choke) “1”
1. Steering lock
EAU02976
EAU02934
Starter (choke) “1”
Steering lock
Starting a cold engine requires a
richer air-fuel mixture. A separate
starter circuit supplies this mixture.
Move in direction a to turn on the
starter (choke).
Move in direction b to turn off the
starter (choke).
To lock the steering
Turn the handlebars all the way to
the right and open the steering
lock cover.
Insert the key and turn it 1/8 turn
counterclockwise. Then, push the
key in while turning the handlebars
slightly to the left and turn the key
1/8 turn clockwise.
Check that the steering is locked,
remove the key and close the lock
cover.
To unlock the steering
Insert the key, push it in and turn it
1/8 turn counterclockwise so that it
moves out. Then, release and
remove the key.
9
3-8
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
1
1
2
2
1
2
1
3
1. Bolt (×2)
EAU03020
Seat
To remove
1. Remove panels A and B. (See
page 6-6 for panel removal
and installation procedures.)
2. Remove the rider seat bolts
and lift the seat upward.
1. Projection
2. Seat holder
1. Helmet holder
2. Open
To install
1. Insert the projection on the
front of the rider seat into the
seat holder, then tighten the
seat bolts.
2. Install the panels.
NOTE:
Make sure that the seat is securely
fitted.
3-9
4
EAU00260
Helmet holder
To open the helmet holder, insert
the key in the lock and turn it as
shown. To lock the helmet holder,
replace the holder in its original
position.
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5
6
7
EW000030
Never ride with a helmet in the
helmet holder. The helmet may hit
objects, causing loss of control
and possibly an accident.
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 22
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
1
2
3
4
5
b
1
a
2
1
5
6
7
8
9
Standard
1
2
EAU00330
Hard
3
4
Sidestand
5
EW000040
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Always
adjust
each
shock
absorber to the same setting.
Uneven adjustment can cause
poor handling and loss of stability.
3
4
Adjusting
position
Soft
1. Position indicator
EAU00300
Rear shock absorber
adjustment
Each shock absorber is equipped
with a spring preload adjusting
ring. Adjust spring preload as follows.
Turn the adjusting ring in direction
a to increase spring preload and
in direction b to decrease spring
preload. Make sure that the appropriate notch in the adjusting ring is
aligned with the position indicator
on the rear shock absorber.
3-10
This model is equipped with an
ignition circuit cut-off system. The
motorcycle must not be ridden
when the sidestand is down. The
sidestand is located on the left side
of the frame. (Refer to page 5-1 for
an explanation of this system.)
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 23
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
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EW000044
This motorcycle must not be operated with the sidestand in the
down position. If the stand is not
properly retracted, it could contact
the ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss of
control. Yamaha has designed into
this motorcycle a lockout system
to assist the operator in fulfilling
the responsibility of retracting the
sidestand. Please check carefully
the operating instructions listed
below and if there is any indication
of a malfunction, return the motorcycle to a Yamaha dealer immediately for repair.
EAU00331
Sidestand/clutch switch
operation check
SIDESTAND IS DOWN.
Check the operation of the sidestand switch and clutch switch
against the information below.
ENGINE WILL STALL.
1
SIDESTAND SWITCH IS OK.
2
TURN THE MAIN SWITCH TO “ON”
AND THE ENGINE STOP SWITCH TO
“#”.
TRANSMISSION IS IN GEAR AND
SIDESTAND IS UP.
PULL IN CLUTCH LEVER AND
PUSH THE START SWITCH.
w
EW000045
If improper operation is noted,
consult a Yamaha dealer immediately.
3
4
5
6
7
ENGINE WILL START.
8
CLUTCH SWITCH IS OK.
9
3-11
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EAU01114
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
1
Owners are personally responsible for their vehicle’s condition. Your motorcycle’s vital functions can start to
deteriorate quickly and unexpectedly, even if it remains unused (for instance, if it is exposed to the elements).
Any damage, fluid leak or loss of tire pressure could have serious consequences. Therefore, it is very important
that, in addition to a thorough visual inspection, you check the following points before each ride.
2
PRE-OPERATION CHECK LIST
EAU00340
ITEM
3
Front brake
4
5
Rear brake
Clutch
Throttle grip and housing
6
7
Engine oil
Drive chain
Wheels and tires
8
Control and meter cable
9
Brake and shift pedal shafts
Brake and clutch lever pivots
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
CHECKS
Check operation, free play, fluid level and vehicle for fluid leakage.
Fill with DOT 4 (or DOT 3) brake fluid if necessary.
Check operation and free play.
Adjust if necessary.
Check operation and free play.
Adjust if necessary.
Check for smooth operation.
Lubricate.
Check oil level.
Fill with oil if necessary.
Check chain slack and condition.
Adjust if necessary.
Check tire pressure, wear, damage and spoke tightness.
Tighten spokes if necessary.
Check for smooth operation.
Lubricate if necessary.
Check for smooth operation.
Lubricate if necessary.
Check for smooth operation.
Lubricate if necessary.
4-1
PAGE
3-4 ~ 3-5, 6-20 ~ 6-24
3-4, 6-19 ~ 6-20
6-16, 6-27
6-9 ~ 6-12
6-24 ~ 6-27
6-17 ~ 6-19
6-27
6-28
6-28
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PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
Sidestand pivot
Chassis fasteners
Fuel tank
9
9
9
9
9
9
CHECKS
Check for smooth operation.
Lubricate if necessary.
Make sure that all nuts, bolts, and screws are properly tightened.
Tighten if necessary.
Check fuel level.
Fill with fuel if necessary.
PAGE
6-28
—
3-5 ~ 3-6
Lights, signals and
switches
9 Check for proper operation.
6-33 ~ 6-35
Battery
9 Check fluid level.
9 Fill with distilled water if necessary.
6-30 ~ 6-32
1
2
3
NOTE:
Pre-operation checks should be made each time the motorcycle is used. Such an inspection can be accomplished in a very short time; and the added safety it assures is more than worth the time involved.
4
w
6
If any item in the Pre-Operation Check is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating
the motorcycle.
7
5
8
9
4-2
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 26
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
w
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
EAU00373
8 Before riding this motorcycle,
become thoroughly familiar
with all operating controls and
their functions. Consult a
Yamaha dealer regarding any
control or function that you do
not thoroughly understand.
8 Never start your engine or let
it run for any length of time in
a closed area. The exhaust
fumes are poisonous and can
cause loss of consciousness
and death within a short time.
Always operate your motorcycle in an area with adequate
ventilation.
8 Before starting out, always be
sure the sidestand is up.
Failure to retract the sidestand
completely can result in a serious accident when you try to
turn a corner.
EAU03011
Starting the engine
NOTE:
This motorcycle is equipped with
an ignition circuit cut-off system.
The engine can be started only
under one of the following conditions:
8 The transmission is in neutral.
8 The sidestand is up, the transmission is in gear and the
clutch is disengaged.
The motorcycle must not be ridden
when the sidestand is down.
EW000054
w
Before going through the following steps, check the function of the
sidestand switch and clutch
switch. (Refer to page 3-11.)
5-1
EAU00372
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 27
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
TURN THE MAIN SWITCH TO “ON” AND
THE ENGINE STOP SWITCH TO “#”.
1
IF THE TRANSMISSION IS IN NEUTRAL
AND THE SIDESTAND IS DOWN,
IF THE TRANSMISSION IS IN GEAR
AND THE SIDESTAND IS UP,
PUSH START SWITCH.
THE ENGINE WILL START.
PULL IN THE CLUTCH LEVER AND
PUSH THE START SWITCH.
THE ENGINE WILL START.
RETRACT THE SIDESTAND AND PUT
THE TRANSMISSION IN GEAR.
2
3
4
5
THE MOTORCYCLE CAN BE RIDDEN.
THE MOTORCYCLE CAN BE RIDDEN.
6
7
8
9
5-2
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 28
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
1
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release
the start switch, wait a few seconds, then try again. Each attempt
should be as short as possible to
preserve the battery. Do not crank
the engine more than 10 seconds
on any one attempt.
1. Arrow mark pointing to “ON”
1. Turn the fuel cock to “ON”.
2. Turn the main switch to “ON”
and the engine stop switch to
“#”.
3. Shift the transmission into
neutral.
NOTE:
When the transmission is in neutral, the neutral indicator light
should be on. If the light does not
come on, ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect it.
4. Turn on the starter (choke) and
completely close the throttle
grip.
5. Start the engine by pushing
the start switch.
6. After starting the engine, move
the starter (choke) to the
halfway position.
NOTE:
For maximum engine life, never
accelerate hard with a cold engine!
7. After warming up the engine,
turn off the starter (choke)
completely.
NOTE:
The engine is warm when it
responds normally to the throttle
with the starter (choke) turned off.
5-3
EAU01258
Starting a warm engine
The starter (choke) is not required
when the engine is warm.
cC
EC000046
See the “Engine break-in” section
prior to operating the motorcycle
for the first time.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 29
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EC000048
cC
5
4
3
2
N
1
1
N. Neutral
1. Shift pedal
EAU00423
Shifting
The transmission lets you control
the amount of power you have
available at a given speed for starting, accelerating, climbing hills,
etc. The use of the shift pedal is
shown in the illustration.
To shift into neutral, depress the
shift pedal repeatedly until it reaches the end of its travel, then raise
the pedal slightly.
8 Do not coast for long periods
with the engine off, and do
not tow the motorcycle a long
distance. Even with gears in
neutral, the transmission is
only properly lubricated when
the
engine
is
running.
Inadequate lubrication may
damage the transmission.
8 Always use the clutch when
changing gears. The engine,
transmission, and driveline are
not designed to withstand the
shock of forced shifting and
can be damaged by shifting
without using the clutch.
EAU02941
Recommended shift points
(for Switzerland only)
The recommended shift points are
shown in the table below.
Acceleration shift point
(km/h)
1st → 2nd
2nd → 3rd
3rd → 4th
4th → 5th
23
36
50
60
NOTE:
When shifting two gears down
from 4th to 2nd, bring your motorcycle to a speed of 35 km/h.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5-4
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 30
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU00424
Tips for reducing fuel
consumption
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Your motorcycle’s fuel consumption depends to a large extent on
your riding style. The following
tips can help reduce fuel consumption:
8 Warm up the engine before
riding.
8 Turn off the starter (choke) as
soon as possible.
8 Shift up swiftly and avoid high
engine speeds during acceleration.
8 Do not double-clutch or rev the
engine while shifting down
and avoid high engine speeds
with no load on the engine.
8 Turn off the engine instead of
letting it idle for an extended
length of time, i.e. in traffic
jams, at traffic lights or railroad crossings.
EAU00436
Engine break-in
There is never a more important
period in the life of your motorcycle than the period between zero
and 1,000 km. For this reason we
ask that you carefully read the following material. Because the
engine is brand new, you must not
put an excessive load on it for the
first 1,000 km. The various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves to the correct operating
clearances. During this period, prolonged full throttle operation, or
any condition which might result in
excessive heating of the engine,
must be avoided.
EAU00443
0 ~ 150 km
Avoid operation above 1/3 throttle.
Stop the engine and let it cool for 5
to 10 minutes after every hour of
operation. Vary the speed of the
motorcycle from time to time. Do
not operate it at one set throttle
position.
150 ~ 500 km
Avoid prolonged operation above
1/2 throttle. Rev the motorcycle
freely through the gears, but do
not use full throttle at any time.
500 ~ 1,000 km
Avoid cruising speeds in excess of
3/4 throttle.
cC
EC000052
After 1,000 km of operation, be
sure to replace the engine oil and
oil filter.
5-5
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 31
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
1,000 km and beyond
Avoid prolonged full throttle operation. Vary speeds occasionally.
cC
EC000049
If any engine trouble should occur
during the break-in period, consult
a Yamaha dealer immediately.
EAU00460
Parking
When parking the motorcycle, stop
the engine and remove the ignition
key.
EW000058
w
The exhaust system is hot. Park
the motorcycle in a place where
pedestrians or children are not
likely to touch the motorcycle. Do
not park the motorcycle on a slope
or soft ground; the motorcycle
may overturn.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5-6
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 32
EAU00462
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00464
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Periodic inspection, adjustment
and lubrication will keep your
motorcycle in the safest and most
efficient condition possible. Safety
is an obligation of the motorcycle
owner. The maintenance and lubrication schedule chart should be
considered strictly as a guide to
general maintenance and lubrication intervals.
YOU MUST TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION THAT WEATHER, TERRAIN,
GEOGRAPHICAL
LOCATIONS, AND A VARIETY OF
INDIVIDUAL USES ALL TEND TO
DEMAND THAT EACH OWNER
ALTER THIS TIME SCHEDULE TO
SHORTER INTERVALS TO MATCH
THE ENVIRONMENT. The most
important points of motorcycle
inspection, adjustment, and lubrication are explained in the following pages.
EW000060
w
If you are not familiar with motorcycle service, this work should be
done by a Yamaha dealer.
1
1. Tool kit
EAU01175
Tool kit
6-1
The tool kit is located behind panel
A. (See page 6-6 for panel removal
and installation procedures.) The
tools provided in the owner’s tool
kit are to assist you in the performance of periodic maintenance.
However, some other tools such as
a torque wrench are also necessary
to perform the maintenance correctly.
The service information included in
this manual is intended to provide
you, the owner, with the necessary
information for completing some
of your own preventive maintenance and minor repairs.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 33
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
If you do not have necessary tools
required during a service operation, take your motorcycle to a
Yamaha dealer for service.
w
1
2
EW000063
3
Modifications to this motorcycle
not approved by Yamaha may
cause loss of performance, and
render it unsafe for use. Consult a
Yamaha dealer before attempting
any changes.
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-2
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 34
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00473
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND LUBRICATION
1
No.
ITEM
CHECKS AND MAINTENANCE JOBS
INITIAL
1,000 km
2
3
4
8
9
√
√
9 Check fuel hoses and vacuum hose for cracks or damage.
9 Replace if necessary.
2
9 Check condition.
9 Clean, regap or replace if necessary.
√
√
√
9 Check valve clearance.
9 Adjust if necessary.
√
√
√
9 Clean or replace if necessary.
√
√
5 * Battery
9 Check electrolyte level and specific gravity.
9 Correct or recharge if necessary.
9 Make sure that the breather hose is properly routed.
√
√
6
9 Check operation.
9 Adjust or replace cable.
√
√
√
7 * Front brake
9 Check operation, fluid level and vehicle for fluid leakage.
(See NOTE on page 6-5.)
9 Correct accordingly.
9 Replace brake pads if necessary.
√
√
√
8 * Rear brake
9 Check operation.
9 Adjust brake pedal freeplay and replace brake shoes if necessary.
√
√
√
9 * Wheels
9 Check balance, runout, spoke tightness and for damage.
9 Tighten spokes and rebalance, replace if necessary.”
√
√
9 Check tread depth and for damage.
9 Replace if necessary.
9 Check air pressure.
9 Correct if necessary.
√
√
Spark plugs
3 * Valves
4
7
Every
12,000 km
or
12 months
(Whichever
comes first)
1 * Fuel line
Air filter
5
6
Every
6,000 km
or
6 months
(Whichever
comes first)
Clutch
10 * Tires
6-3
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 35
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
No.
ITEM
CHECKS AND MAINTENANCE JOBS
INITIAL
1,000 km
Every
6,000 km
or
6 months
(Whichever
comes first)
Every
12,000 km
or
12 months
(Whichever
comes first)
11 * Wheel bearings
9 Check bearing for looseness or damage.
9 Replace if necessary.
√
√
12 * Swingarm
9 Check swingarm pivoting point for play.
9 Correct if necessary.
9 Lubricate with molybdenum disulfide grease every 24,000 km or
24 months (whichever comes first).
√
√
13
9 Check chain slack.
9 Adjust if necessary. Make sure that the rear wheel is properly aligned.
9 Clean and lubricate.
Drive chain
1
2
3
Every 1,000 km and after washing
the motorcycle or riding in the rain
4
14 * Steering bearings
9 Check bearing play and steering for roughness.
9 Correct accordingly.
9 Lubricate with lithium soap base grease every 24,000 km or
24 months (whichever comes first).
√
√
5
15 * Chassis fasteners
9 Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
9 Tighten if necessary.
√
√
6
16
9 Check operation.
9 Lubricate and repair if necessary.
√
√
√
√
Sidestand
17 * Sidestand switch
9 Check operation.
9 Replace if necessary.
18 * Front fork
9 Check operation and for oil leakage.
9 Correct accordingly.
√
√
9 Check operation and shock absorbers for oil leakage.
9 Replace shock absorber assembly if necessary.
√
√
√
√
19 *
Rear shock absorber
assemblies
20 * Carburetor
√
9 Check engine idling speed and starter operation.
9 Adjust if necessary.
6-4
√
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 36
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
No.
ITEM
CHECKS AND MAINTENANCE JOBS
INITIAL
1,000 km
Every
6,000 km
or
6 months
(Whichever
comes first)
Every
12,000 km
or
12 months
(Whichever
comes first)
√
√
√
1
2
9 Check oil level and vehicle for oil leakage.
9 Correct if necessary.
9 Change. (Warm engine before draining.)
21
Engine oil
22
Engine oil filter element 9 Replace.
√
√
3
*
Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, they should be serviced by a Yamaha dealer.
4
EAU02970
5
6
7
NOTE:
8 The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
8 Hydraulic brake system
8 When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper, always replace the brake fluid. Check the brake fluid
level regularly and fill as required.
8 Replace the oil seals on the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper every two years.
8 Replace the brake hoses every four years or if cracked or damaged.
8
9
6-5
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 37
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
1
2
3
1. Panel A
1. Panel B
EAU01122
EAU01156
Panel removal and
installation
4
Panel A
To remove
Pull outward on the rear of the
panel, then slide it forward to
unhook it in the front.
The panels illustrated need to be
removed to perform some of the
maintenance described in this
chapter.
Refer to this section each time a
panel has to be removed or reinstalled.
5
6
7
8
9
6-6
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 38
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
2
1
2
3
5
6
3
4
3
4
4
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
Holder (×2)
Bracket (×2)
Grommet
Projection
To install
Hook the front of the panel on the
holders, then push inward on the
rear of the panel.
EAU01156
Panel B
To remove
Pull outward on the rear of the
panel, then slide it forward to
unhook it in the front.
7
8
9
6-7
1.
2.
3.
4.
Holder (×2)
Grommet
Projection
Bracket (×2)
To install
Hook the front of the panel on the
holders, then push inward on the
rear of the panel.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 39
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
1. Spark plug cap
1. Spark plug wrench
EAU03053
Spark plugs
Removal
1. Remove the spark plug caps.
2. Use the spark plug wrench in
the tool kit to remove the spark
plugs as shown.
Inspection
The spark plug is an important engine
component and is easy to inspect.
The condition of the spark plug can
indicate the condition of the engine.
Normally, all spark plugs from the
same engine should have the same
color on the white insulator around
the center electrode. The ideal color
at this point is a medium-to-light tan
color for a motorcycle that is being
ridden normally. If one spark plug
shows a distinctly different color,
there could be something wrong with
the engine.
Do not attempt to diagnose such
problems yourself. Instead, take the
motorcycle to a Yamaha dealer. You
should periodically remove and
inspect the spark plugs because heat
and deposits will cause any spark
plug to slowly break down and erode.
If electrode erosion becomes excessive, or if carbon and other deposits
are excessive, you should replace the
spark plug with the specified plug.
Specified spark plug:
CR6HSA (NGK) or
U20FSR-U (DENSO)
6-8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 40
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
a
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available
when you are installing a spark
plug, a good estimate of the correct torque is 1/4 to 1/2 turn past
finger tight. Have the spark plug
tightened to the specified torque as
soon as possible.
a. Spark plug gap
Installation
1. Measure the electrode gap
with a wire thickness gauge
and, if necessary, adjust the
gap to specification.
4. Install the spark plug caps.
2
1
3
1. Oil level window
2. Maximum level mark
3. Minimum level mark
EAU01523
Engine oil
Oil level inspection
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
place and hold it in an upright
position. Warm up the engine
for several minutes.
Spark plug gap:
0.6 ~ 0.7 mm
2. Clean the gasket surface. Wipe
off any grime from the
threads.
3. Install the spark plug and tighten it to the specified torque.
NOTE:
Be sure the motorcycle is positioned straight up when checking
the oil level. A slight tilt toward the
side can result in false readings.
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
12.5 Nm (1.25 m0kg)
6-9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 41
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
2. With the engine stopped,
check the oil level through the
level window located at the
lower part of the right side
crankcase cover.
1
2
NOTE:
Wait a few minutes until the oil
level settles before checking.
1
1
1. Oil filler cap
3. The oil level should be
between maximum level and
minimum level marks. If the
level is low, fill engine with
sufficient oil to raise it to the
specified level.
1. Engine oil drain plug
Engine oil and oil filter element
replacement
1. Warm up the engine for a few
minutes.
2. Stop the engine. Place an oil
pan under the engine and
remove the oil filler cap.
3. Remove the drain plug and
drain the oil.
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-10
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 42
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
2
1
1
7. Install the new oil filter, new Oring and the oil filter cover.
Tighten the oil filter cover
bolts to the specified torque.
1
2
Tightening torque:
Oil filter cover bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kg)
3
4
5
6
7
8
1. Oil filter cover bolt (×3)
4. Remove the oil filter cover
bolts and the oil filter cover.
1. Oil filter
2. O-ring
5. Remove the oil filter and Oring.
6. Reinstall the drain plug and
tighten it to the specified
torque.
Tightening torque:
Drain plug:
32 Nm (3.2 m·kg)
9
6-11
NOTE:
Make sure the O-ring is seated
properly.
8. Fill the engine with oil. Install
the oil filler cap and tighten it.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 43
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Recommended oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
Total amount:
1.7 L
Periodic oil change:
1.4 L
With oil filter replacement:
1.6 L
cC
9. Start the engine and warm up
for a few minutes. While
warming up, check for oil leakage. If oil leakage is found,
stop the engine immediately
and check for the cause.
10. Stop the engine and check the
oil level.
3
1
2
2
1
3
1. Bolt
2. Air filter cover
3. Air filter case
EC000066
4
EAU01174*
Air filter
8 Do not put in any chemical
additives. Engine oil also lubricates the clutch and additives
could cause clutch slippage.
8 Be sure no foreign material
enters the crankcase.
The air filter should be cleaned at
the specified intervals. It should be
cleaned more frequently if you are
riding in unusually wet or dusty
areas.
5
6
7
8
9
6-12
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 44
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
1
1
2
3
4
5
1. Bolt (×2)
1. Remove the bolts and the air
filter case.
1. Hose (×2)
1. Screw (×2)
2. Remove the hoses from the air
filter case.
6
7
8
9
6-13
3. Remove the screws and the air
filter cover.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 45
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
1
2
7. Pull the element over its
frame, install the air filter in
the case and tighten the wing
nut.
8. Install the air filter cover.
9. Connect the hoses and install
the air filter case.
1
2
3
1. Wing nut
2. Air filter
4. Remove the wing nut and the
air filter.
cC
1. Foam element
2. Frame
5. Remove the foam element
from its frame and clean it
with solvent. After cleaning,
remove the remaining solvent
by squeezing it.
6. Apply recommended oil to the
entire surface of the element
and squeeze out the excess oil.
It should be wet but not dripping.
Recommended oil:
Engine oil
6-14
EC000082
8 Make sure the air filter is properly seated in the air filter
case.
8 The engine should never be
run without the air filter
installed. Excessive piston
and/or cylinder wear may
result.
4
5
6
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 46
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00629
Carburetor adjustment
4
The carburetor is a vital part of the
engine and requires very sophisticated adjustment. Most adjustments should be left to a Yamaha
dealer who has the professional
knowledge and experience to do
so. However, the following may be
serviced by the owner as part of
routine maintenance.
5
cC
1
2
3
6
7
EAU01168
Idle speed adjustment
EC000094
The carburetor was set at the
Yamaha factory after many tests. If
the settings are changed, poor
engine performance and damage
may result.
NOTE:
A diagnostic tachometer must be
used for this procedure.
b
a
1
1. Attach the tachometer. Start
the engine and warm it up for
a few minutes at approximately 1,000 to 2,000 r/min.
Occasionally rev the engine to
4,000 to 5,000 r/min. The
engine is warm when it quickly
responds to the throttle.
8
1. Throttle stop screw
2. Set the idle to the specified
engine speed by adjusting the
throttle stop screw. Turn the
screw in direction a to
increase engine speed and in
direction b to decrease engine
speed.
Standard idle speed:
1,300 ~ 1,400 r/min
9
NOTE:
If the specified idle speed cannot
be obtained by performing the
above adjustment, consult a
Yamaha dealer.
6-15
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 47
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00637
Free play:
3 ~ 5 mm
b
a
Valve clearance adjustment
1. Loosen the locknut.
2. Turn the adjusting nut in direction a to increase free play
and in direction b to decrease
free play.
3. Tighten the locknut.
c
1 2
1. Adjusting nut
2. Locknut
c. Free play
The
correct
valve
clearance
changes with use, resulting in
improper fuel/air supply or engine
noise. To prevent this, the valve
clearance must be adjusted regularly. This adjustment however,
should be left to a professional
Yamaha service technician.
1
2
3
4
EAU00634
5
Throttle cable free play
adjustment
6
NOTE:
Before checking the throttle cable
free play, the engine idling speed
should be adjusted.
7
8
Adjust the throttle cable by turning
the adjusting nut so that specified
free play at the throttle grip is
obtained.
9
6-16
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 48
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00647
Tires
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
To ensure maximum performance,
long service, and safe operation,
note the following:
Tire air pressure
Always check and adjust the tire
pressure before operating the
motorcycle.
w
Maximum load*
Cold tire pressure
183 kg
Front
Rear
Up to 90 kg
175 kPa
200 kPa
(1.75 kg/cm2, (2.0 kg/cm2,
1.75 bar)
2.00 bar)
90 kg load ~
Maximum load*
200 kPa
225 kPa
(2.0 kg/cm2, (2.25 kg/cm2,
2.00 bar)
2.25 bar)
* Load is the total weight of cargo, rider, passenger, and accessories.
EW000082
Tire inflation pressure should be
checked and adjusted when the
temperature of the tire equals the
ambient air temperature. Tire inflation pressure must be adjusted
according to total weight of cargo,
rider, passenger, and accessories
(fairing,
saddlebags,
etc.
if
approved for this model), and vehicle speed.
6-17
w
EW000083
Proper loading of your motorcycle
is important for several characteristics of your motorcycle, such as
handling, braking, performance
and safety. Do not carry loosely
packed items that can shift.
Securely pack your heaviest items
close to the center of the motorcycle, and distribute the weight
evenly from side to side. Properly
adjust the suspension for your
load, and check the condition and
pressure of your tires. NEVER
OVERLOAD YOUR MOTORCYCLE.
Make sure the total weight of the
cargo, rider, passenger, and accessories (fairing, saddlebags, etc. if
approved for this model) does not
exceed the maximum load of the
motorcycle. Operation of an overloaded motorcycle could cause tire
damage, an accident, or even
injury.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 49
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
FRONT
a
Manufacturer
CHENG SHIN
Size
Type
3.00-18 47P
C-916
REAR
1
Manufacturer
CHENG SHIN
Size
Type
130/90-15M/C 66P
C-915
Minimum tire tread
depth (front and rear)
1. Side wall
a. Tread depth
Tire inspection
Always check the tires before operating the motorcycle. If center
tread depth reaches the limit as
shown, if the tire has a nail or glass
fragments in it, or if the side wall is
cracked, contact a Yamaha dealer
immediately and have the tire
replaced.
1.6 mm
NOTE:
These limits may be different by
regulation from country to country.
If so, conform to the limits specified by the regulations of your own
country.
w
EAU00681
8 Operating the motorcycle with
excessively
worn
tires
decrease riding stability and
can lead to loss of control.
Have excessively worn tires
replaced by a Yamaha dealer
immediately. Brakes, tires, and
related wheel parts replacement should be left to a
Yamaha Service Technician.
8 Patching a punctured tube is
not recommended. If it is
absolutely necessary to do so,
use great care and replace the
tube as soon as possible with
a good quality replacement.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-18
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 50
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00685
Wheels
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
To ensure maximum performance,
long service, and safe operation,
note the following:
8 Always inspect the wheels
before a ride. Check for cracks,
bends or warpage of the
wheel. Be sure the spokes are
tight and undamaged. If any
abnormal condition exists in a
wheel, consult a Yamaha dealer. Do not attempt even small
repairs to the wheel. If a wheel
is deformed or cracked, it must
be replaced.
8 Tires and wheels should be
balanced whenever either one
is changed or replaced. Failure
to have a wheel balanced can
result in poor performance,
adverse handling characteristics, and shortened tire life.
8 Ride at moderate speeds after
changing a tire since the tire
surface must first be broken in
for it to develop its optimal
characteristics.
c
2 b
1
a
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting bolt
c. Free play
EAU00694
Clutch lever free play
adjustment
The clutch lever free play should
be adjusted to 10 ~ 15 mm.
1. Loosen the locknut at the
clutch lever.
2. Turn the adjusting bolt at the
clutch lever in direction a to
increase free play or in direction b to decrease free play.
3. Tighten the locknut at the
clutch lever.
If the specified free play cannot be
obtained, proceed with the following steps.
6-19
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
a
1
2
2
c
a
b
b
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting nut
4. Loosen the locknut at the
clutch lever.
5. Turn the adjusting bolt at the
clutch lever in direction a to
loosen the cable.
6. Loosen the locknut at the
crankcase side.
7. Turn the adjusting nut at the
crankcase in direction a to
increase free play or in direction b to decrease free play.
8. Tighten the locknut at the
crankcase and the clutch lever.
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting bolt
c. Free play
EAU00696
Front brake lever free play
adjustment
The free play at the front brake
lever should be 2 ~ 5 mm.
1. Loosen the locknut.
2. Turn the adjusting bolt in
direction a to increase free
play or in direction b to
decrease free play.
3. After adjusting, tighten the
locknut.
6-20
w
EW000099
8 Check the brake lever free
play. Be sure the brake is
working properly.
8 A soft or spongy feeling in the
brake lever can indicate the
presence of air in the brake
system. This air must be
removed by bleeding the
brake system before the
motorcycle is operated. Air in
the system will cause greatly
diminished braking capability
and can result in loss of control and an accident. Have a
Yamaha dealer inspect and
bleed the system if necessary.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 52
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
2
a
2
1
b
a
1
a
b
b
3
4
5
6
7
1. Footrest
a. Pedal height: 60 mm
b. Free play
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting bolt
EAU01199
Rear brake pedal height and
free play adjustment
w
EW000104
It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer make this adjustment.
8
9
Pedal height
The brake pedal should be positioned so that its top end is
approximately 60 mm above the
top of the footrest.
1. Adjusting nut
1. Loosen the locknut.
2. Turn the adjusting bolt in
direction a to raise pedal
height or in direction b to
lower pedal height.
3. Tighten the locknut.
EW000108
w
After adjusting the pedal height,
adjust brake pedal free play.
6-21
Free play
The rear brake pedal free play
should be adjusted to 20 ~ 30 mm
at the brake pedal end. Turn the
adjusting nut on the brake rod in
direction a to increase free play or
in direction b to decrease free
play.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 53
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
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EW000106
8 Brake pedal free play should
be checked whenever the
chain is adjusted or the rear
wheel is removed and then
reinstalled.
8 Check the operation of the
brake light after adjusting the
rear brake.
8 If it is impossible to make
proper adjustment, consult a
Yamaha dealer.
1
1
1
a
b
2
2
3
1. Brake light switch
2. Adjusting nut
1. Indicator groove
EAU00720
EAU00713
Brake light switch
adjustment
The rear brake light switch is activated by the brake pedal and is
properly adjusted when the brake
light comes on just before braking
takes effect. To adjust the rear
brake light switch, hold the switch
body so it does not rotate while
turning the adjusting nut.
Turn the adjusting nut in direction
a to make the brake light come on
earlier.
Turn the adjusting nut in direction
b to make the brake light come on
later.
6-22
Checking the front brake
pads and rear brake shoes
EAU00725
Front brake
A wear indicator groove is provided on each brake pad. This indicator allows checking of brake pad
wear without disassembling the
brake. Inspect the groove. If the
groove has almost disappeared,
ask a Yamaha dealer to replace the
pads.
4
5
6
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 54
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
8 Use only the designated quality brake fluid. Otherwise, the
rubber seals may deteriorate,
causing leakage and poor
brake performance.
1
2
1
1
2
Recommended brake fluid:
DOT 4
3
4
1. Wear limit line
2. Wear indicator
1. Minimum level mark
EAU00732
EAU00727
5
6
7
8
9
Rear brake
Apply the brake and inspect the
wear indicator.
If the indicator reaches the wear
limit line, ask a Yamaha dealer to
replace the shoes.
Inspecting the brake fluid
level
Insufficient brake fluid may let air
enter the brake system, possibly
causing the brakes to become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake
fluid is above the minimum level
and fill when necessary.
Observe these precautions:
8 When checking the fluid level,
make sure the top of the master cylinder is level by turning
the handlebars.
6-23
NOTE:
If DOT 4 is not available, DOT 3 can
be used.
8 Refill with the same type of
brake fluid. Mixing fluids may
result in a harmful chemical
reaction and lead to poor
brake performance.
8 Be careful that water does not
enter the master cylinder when
refilling. Water will significantly lower the boiling point of
the fluid and may result in
vapor lock.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 55
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
8 Brake fluid may deteriorate
painted surfaces or plastic
parts. Always clean up spilled
fluid immediately.
8 Have a Yamaha dealer check
the cause if the brake fluid
level goes down.
EAU00742
Brake fluid replacement
The brake fluid should be replaced
only by trained Yamaha service
personnel. Have the Yamaha dealer replace the following components during periodic maintenance
or when they are damaged or leaking:
8 oil seals (every two years)
8 brake hoses (every four years)
1
2
a
3
a. Chain slack
EAU00744
4
Drive chain slack check
5
NOTE:
Spin the wheel several times and
find the tightest position of the
chain. Check and/or adjust the
chain slack while it’s in this tightest
position.
6
7
8
6-24
To check the chain slack the motorcycle must be held straight up with
both wheels on the ground and
without rider. Check the slack at
the position shown in the illustration. Normal slack is approximately
30 ~ 40 mm. If the slack exceeds
40 mm, adjust.
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 56
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
1
b
2
a
1
5
4 3
3
4
1. Rear brake pedal free play adjusting nut
EAU00750
Drive chain slack adjustment
5
6
7
8
1. Loosen the rear brake pedal
free play adjusting nut.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Cotter pin
Alignment marks
Locknut
Chain adjusting nut
Axle nut
2. Remove the cotter pin from
the axle nut.
3. Loosen the axle nut.
4. Loosen the chain adjusting
locknuts on each side of the
swingarm.
To tighten the chain, turn the
chain adjusting nuts in direction a. To loosen the chain,
turn the chain adjusting nuts in
direction b and push the
wheel forward. Turn each
chain adjusting nut exactly the
same amount to maintain correct axle alignment. There are
marks on each side of the
swingarm. Use these marks to
align the rear wheel.
cC
EC000096
Too little chain slack will overload
the engine and other vital parts.
Keep the slack within the specified
limits.
5. After adjusting, be sure to
tighten each chain adjusting
locknut. Then tighten the axle
nut to the specified torque.
9
Tightening torque:
Axle nut:
105 Nm (10.5 m·kg)
6-25
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 57
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
7. Adjust the free play in the
brake pedal.
EW000103
w
Check the operation of the brake
light after adjusting the rear brake.
1
1. Cotter pin
6. Insert a new cotter pin into the
axle nut and bend the end of
the cotter pin as shown. If the
notch in the axle nut and the
cotter pin hole do not match,
tighten the nut slightly to align
them.
w
EW000110
Always use a new cotter pin on
the axle nut.
6-26
EAU00769
Drive chain lubrication
The chain consists of many parts
which work with each other. If the
chain is not maintained properly, it
will wear out quickly. Therefore,
the chain must be serviced regularly. This service is especially necessary when riding in dusty areas.
This motorcycle is equipped with a
sealed type chain. Steam cleaning,
high-pressure washes, and solvents can damage chain so do not
use these for cleaning it. Use only
kerosene to clean the drive chain.
Wipe it dry, and thoroughly lubricate it with SAE 30 ~ 50W motor
oil. Do not use any other lubricants
on the drive chain. They may contain solvents that could damage
the sealed chain.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 58
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
cC
1
EC000097
EAU00773
Throttle cable and grip
lubrication
Be sure to oil the chain after washing the motorcycle or riding in the
rain.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
EAU02962
Cable inspection and
lubrication
EW000112
w
Damage to the outer housing of
cables may lead to internal rusting
and interfere with the cable movement. Replace damaged cables as
soon as possible to prevent unsafe
conditions.
9
Lubricate the cables and cable ends.
If a cable does not operate smoothly, ask a Yamaha dealer to replace it.
Recommended lubricant:
Engine oil
6-27
The throttle twist grip assembly
should be greased at the time that
the cable is lubricated, since the
grip must be removed to get at the
end of the throttle cable. After
removing the screws, hold the end
of the cable up in the air and put in
several drops of lubricant. With the
throttle grip disassembled, coat the
metal surface of the grip assembly
with a suitable all-purpose grease.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 59
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
3
EAU02984
EAU02985
Brake and shift pedal
lubrication
Brake and clutch lever
lubrication
Lubricate the pivoting parts.
Lubricate the pivoting parts.
Recommended lubricant:
Engine oil
Recommended lubricant:
Engine oil
EAU02986
Sidestand lubrication
Lubricate the sidestand pivoting
point and metal-to-metal contact
surfaces. Check that the sidestand
moves up and down smoothly.
5
6
7
Recommended lubricant:
Engine oil
w
EW000113
If the sidestand does not move
smoothly, consult a Yamaha dealer.
6-28
4
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 60
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU02939
Front fork inspection
Visual check
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
w
EW000115
Securely support the motorcycle
so there is no danger of it falling
over.
Check for scratches or damage on
the inner tube and excessive oil
leakage from the front fork.
Operation check
1. Place the motorcycle on a level
place.
2. Hold the motorcycle in an
upright position and apply the
front brake.
3. Push down hard on the handlebars several times and
check if the fork rebounds
smoothly.
EC000098
cC
If any damage or unsmooth movement is found with the front fork,
consult a Yamaha dealer.
6-29
EAU00794
Steering inspection
Periodically inspect the condition
of the steering. Worn out or loose
steering bearings may be dangerous. Place a stand under the
engine to raise the front wheel off
the ground. Hold the lower end of
the front forks and try to move
them forward and backward. If any
free play can be felt, ask a Yamaha
dealer to inspect and adjust the
steering. Inspection is easier if the
front wheel is removed.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 61
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
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EW000115
Securely support the motorcycle
so there is no danger of it falling
over.
EAU01144
1
Wheel bearings
If there is play in the front or rear
wheel hub or if the wheel does not
turn smoothly, have a Yamaha
dealer inspect the wheel bearings.
1
2
2
3
1. Battery
2. Battery breather hose
4
EAU01071
Battery
Check the level of the battery electrolyte and make sure that the terminals are tight.
Fill with distilled water if the electrolyte level is low.
5
6
7
8
9
6-30
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
cC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
EC000099
When inspecting the battery, be
sure the breather hose is routed
correctly. If the breather hose is
positioned in such a way as to
cause battery electrolyte or gas to
exit onto the frame, structural and
cosmetic damage to the motorcycle can occur.
EW000116
w
Battery electrolyte is poisonous
and dangerous, causing severe
burns, etc. It contains sulfuric acid.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes or
clothing.
ANTIDOTE:
8 EXTERNAL: Flush with water.
8 INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow
with milk of magnesia, beaten
egg, or vegetable oil. Call a
physician immediately.
8 EYES: Flush with water for 15
minutes and get prompt medical attention.
Batteries produce explosive gases.
Keep sparks, flame, cigarettes etc.,
away. Ventilate when charging or
using in an enclosed space.
Always shield your eyes when
working near batteries.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
6-31
1
UPPER LEVEL
LOWER LEVEL
2
1. Maximum level mark
2. Minimum level mark
Replenishing the battery fluid
A poorly maintained battery will
corrode and discharge quickly. The
battery fluid should be checked at
least once a month. The level
should be between the minimum
level and maximum level marks.
Use only distilled water if refilling
is necessary.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 63
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
cC
EC000100
Normal tap water contains minerals which are harmful to a battery;
therefore, refill only with distilled
water.
w
EW000117
Take care not to spill battery fluid
on the chain. Battery fluid may
weaken the chain causing shorter
chain life and possibly result in an
accident.
Battery storage
8 When the motorcycle will not
be used for a month or longer,
remove the battery, fully
charge it and store it in a cool,
dry place. Completely recharge
the battery before reinstallation.
8 If the battery will be stored for
longer than two months, check
the specific gravity of the fluid
at least once a month and fully
recharge the battery when it is
too low.
8 Always make sure the connections are correct when putting
the battery back in the motorcycle. Make sure the breather
hose is properly connected
and is not damaged or
obstructed.
6-32
1
1
2
2
3
1. Main fuse
2. Signaling system fuse
4
EAU01073
Fuse replacement
The fuse cases are located under
the rider seat.
If a fuse is blown, turn off the main
switch and the switch of the circuit
in question. Install a new fuse of
specified amperage. Turn on the
switches and see if the electrical
device operates. If the fuse immediately blows again, consult a
Yamaha dealer.
5
6
7
8
9
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
cC
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
EC000103
Do not use fuses of higher amperage rating than those recommended. Substitution of a fuse of
improper rating can cause extensive electrical system damage and
possibly a fire.
1
1
1. Screw (×2)
Specified fuses:
Main fuse: 20A
Signaling system fuse: 10A
2
EAU00833
Headlight bulb replacement
This motorcycle is equipped with a
quartz bulb headlight.
If the headlight bulb burns out,
replace the bulb as follows:
1. Remove the headlight unit
screws.
8
9
6-33
1. Bulb cover
2. Connector (×2)
2. Remove the connectors, the
headlight unit and then the
bulb cover.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 65
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
1
1
3
1. Bulb holder
1. Don’t touch
3. Turn the bulb holder counterclockwise to remove it and
remove the defective bulb.
w
2
EW000119
Keep flammable products and your
hands away from a bulb while it is
on, as it is hot. Do not touch a bulb
until it cools down.
1. Screw (×2)
EC000105
cC
Avoid touching the glass part of a
bulb. Keep it free from oil; otherwise, the transparency of the
glass, life of the bulb, and luminous flux will be adversely affected. If oil gets on a bulb, thoroughly
clean it with a cloth moistened
with alcohol or lacquer thinner.
EAU03010
Turn signal light bulb
replacement
1. Remove the screws and the
lens.
4
5
6
7
8
9
4. Put a new bulb into position
and secure it in place with the
bulb holder.
5. Install the bulb cover, connectors and headlight unit.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to adjust
the headlight beam if necessary.
6-34
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
1
1
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
1. Bulb
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it inward and turning
it counterclockwise.
3. Install a new bulb by pushing
it inward and turning it clockwise.
4. Install the lens and tighten the
screws.
1. Screw (×2)
1. Bulb
EAU01623
Taillight bulb replacement
1. Remove the screws and the
lense.
8
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it inward and turning
it counterclockwise.
3. Install a new bulb by pushing
it inward and turning it clockwise.
4. Install the lense and tighten
the screws.
cC
EC000108
Do not over-tighten the screws as
the lens may break.
9
6-35
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 67
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU00862
Supporting the motorcycle
Since the Yamaha XV125S has no
centerstand, follow these precautions when removing the front and
rear wheel or performing other
maintenance requiring the motorcycle to stand upright.
Front wheel service
To stabilize the rear of the motorcycle, either use a motorcycle
stand or place a motorcycle jack
under the frame in front of the rear
wheel to prevent it from moving
from side to side. Then use a
motorcycle stand to elevate the
front wheel off of the ground.
Rear wheel service
Use a motorcycle stand or motorcycle jack to elevate the motorcycle
so the rear wheel is off the ground.
Alternatively, two jacks can be
placed under the frame or
swingarm.
Check that the motorcycle is in a
stable and level position before
starting any maintenance. A strong
wooden box can be placed under
the engine for added stability.
1
2
3
1. Speedometer cable
EAU00894
4
Front wheel removal
w
6-36
1
EW000122
5
8 It is advisable to have a
Yamaha dealer service the
wheel.
8 Securely support the motorcycle so there is no danger of it
falling over.
6
1. Remove
the
speedometer
cable from the front wheel
side.
9
7
8
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 68
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1
2
2
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1. Pinch bolt
2. Wheel axle
2. Loosen the pinch bolt and
wheel axle.
3. Elevate the front wheel by
placing a suitable stand under
the engine.
4. Remove the wheel axle and
the front wheel.
NOTE:
Do not depress the brake lever
when the disc and caliper are separated.
EAU01547
Front wheel installation
1. Install the speedometer gear
unit into the wheel hub. Make
sure the wheel hub and the
speedometer gear unit housing are installed with the projections meshed into the slots.
2. Lift up the wheel between the
front fork legs and guide the
brake disc between the brake
pads. Make sure there is
enough gap between the brake
pads before inserting the brake
disc.
6-37
3. Make sure the slot in the
speedometer gear unit fits
over the stopper on the front
fork outer tube.
4. Install the wheel axle and let
the motorcycle down.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 69
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
5. Push down hard on the handlebars several times to check
for proper fork operation.
6. Tightening the wheel axle to
the specified torque.
7. Install the pinch bolts and
tighten them to the specified
torque.
Tightening torque:
Wheel axle:
59 Nm (5.9 m·kg)
Pinch bolt:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kg)
EAU01550
Rear wheel removal
EW000122
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5
8 It is advisable to have a
Yamaha dealer service the
wheel.
8 Securely support the motorcycle so there is no danger of it
falling over.
1. Remove the axle nut cotter pin
and brake torque rod cotter
pin.
8. Install the speedometer cable.
6-38
1
4
2
2
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1
Brake torque rod
Brake torque rod cotter pin
Brake torque rod nut
Brake rod
Rear brake pedal free play adjusting nut
2. Loosen the axle nut and brake
torque nut.
3. Elevate the rear wheel by placing a suitable stand under the
engine.
4. Remove the brake torque rod
nut and bolt from the brake
shoe plate.
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 70
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01696
1
Rear wheel installation
2
1
2
5
4
3
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Cotter pin
Alignment marks
Locknut
Chain adjusting nut
Axle nut
5. Remove the rear brake pedal
free play adjusting nut and
brake rod from the brake cam
lever.
6. Loosen the locknuts and chain
adjusting nuts on each side.
7. Remove the axle nut.
8. Pull out the wheel axle and
remove the wheel assembly.
1. Install the rear wheel and the
axle.
2. Install the axle nut and let the
motorcycle down.
3. Insert the brake rod into the
brake cam lever and install the
brake pedal free play adjusting
nut.
4. Install the brake torque rod
bolt and tighten to the specified tightening torque. Then
install a new cotter pin.
Specified torque:
Brake torque rod bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kg)
5. Adjust the drive chain free
play. (See page 6-25.)
6. Tighten the axle nut to the
specified tightening torque.
Specified torque:
Axle nut:
105 Nm (10.5 m·kg)
6-39
7. Adjust the rear brake pedal
height and free play. (See page
6-21.)
w
EW000103
Check the operation of the brake
light after adjusting the rear brake.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 71
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01008
Troubleshooting
Although Yamaha motorcycles
receive a rigid inspection before
shipment from the factory, trouble
may occur during operation.
Any problem in the fuel, compression, or ignition systems can cause
poor starting and loss of power.
The
troubleshooting
chart
describes a quick, easy procedure
for making checks.
If your motorcycle requires any
repair, bring it to a Yamaha dealer.
The skilled technicians at a
Yamaha dealership have the tools,
experience, and know-how to
properly service your motorcycle.
Use only genuine Yamaha parts on
your motorcycle. Imitation parts
may look like Yamaha parts, but
they
are
often
inferior.
Consequently, they have a shorter
service life and can lead to expensive repair bills.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6-40
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E>
4/14/00 12:23 PM
Page 72
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU01562
Troubleshooting chart
1
EW000125
w
Never check the fuel system while smoking or in the vicinity of an open flame.
2
3
1. Fuel
Supply fuel.
Engine doesn’t start, go to
compression check.
There is compression.
Go to ignition check.
No compression.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Use the electric
starter.
3. Ignition
Remove spark
plugs and check
electrode.
8
9
No fuel.
2. Compression
6
7
Go to compression check.
Check if there is fuel
in the fuel tank
4
5
Enough fuel.
4. Battery
Use the electric
starter.
Wet.
Wipe clean with dry cloth and correct
plug gap or replace spark plugs.
Open throttle half-way and start the
engine.
Dry.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Engine doesn’t start, go to battery
check.
Engine turns over
quickly.
Battery good.
Engine turns over
slowly.
Check fluid, recharge,
check connections.
Engine doesn’t start, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect.
6-41
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 73
EAU01517
Care
The exposure of its technology
makes a motorcycle charming but
also vulnerable. Although highquality components are used, they
are not all rust-resistant. While a
rusty exhaust pipe may remain
unnoticed on a car, it does look
unattractive on a motorcycle.
Frequent and proper care, however, will keep your motorcycle looking good, extend its life and maintain its performance. Moreover, the
warranty states that the vehicle
must be properly taken care of. For
all these reasons, it is recommended that you observe the following
cleaning and storing precautions.
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
Before cleaning
1. Cover up the muffler outlets
with plastic bags.
2. Make sure that all caps and
covers as well as all electrical
couplers
and
connectors,
including the spark plug caps,
are tightly installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn
dirt, like oil burnt onto the
crankcase, with a degreasing
agent and a brush, but never
apply such products onto
seals, gaskets, sprockets, the
drive chain and wheel axles.
Always rinse the dirt and
degreaser off with water.
7-1
Cleaning
After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a
neutral detergent and a soft clean
sponge, then rinse with plenty of
clean water. Use a tooth or bottle
brush for hard-to-reach parts.
Tougher dirt and insects will come
off more easily if the area is covered with a wet cloth for a few
minutes before cleaning.
1
2
3
4
5
cC
ECA00010
8 Avoid using strong acidic
wheel cleaners, especially on
spoked wheels. If you do use
such products for hard-toremove dirt, do not leave it on
any longer than instructed,
then thoroughly rinse it off
with water, immediately dry
the area and apply a corrosion
protection spray.
6
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 74
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
8 Improper cleaning can damage
windshields, cowlings, panels
and other plastic parts. Use
only a soft, clean cloth or
sponge with mild detergent
and water to clean plastic.
8 Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive cleaning products, solvent
or thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust
removers or inhibitors, brake
fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
8 Do not use high-pressure
washers or steam-jet cleaners
since they cause water seepage and deterioration in the
following areas: seals (of
wheel bearings, swingarm
bearings, forks and brakes),
electric components (couplers,
connectors,
instruments,
switches and lights), breather
hoses and vents.
8 For motorcycles equipped
with a windshield: Do not use
strong
cleaners
or
hard
sponges as they will cause
dulling or scratching. Some
cleaning compounds for plastic may leave scratches on the
windshield. Test the product
on a small hidden part of the
windshield to make sure they
do not leave any marks. If the
windshield is scratched, use a
quality plastic polishing compound after washing.
7-2
After riding in the rain, near the
sea or on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on
the roads in the winter are
extremely corrosive in combination with water, carry out the following steps after each ride in the
rain, near the sea or on saltsprayed roads. (Salt sprayed in the
winter may remain on the roads
well into spring.)
1. Clean your motorcycle with
cold water and soap after the
engine has cooled down.
cC
ECA00012
Do not use warm water since it
increases the corrosive action of
the salt.
2. Be sure to apply a corrosion
protection spray on all (even
chrome- and nickel-plated)
metal surfaces to prevent corrosion.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 75
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
After cleaning
1. Dry the motorcycle with a
chamois or an absorbing cloth.
2. Immediately dry the drive
chain and lubricate it to prevent it from rusting.
3. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainless-steel parts, including the
exhaust system. (Even the
thermally induced discoloring
of stainless-steel exhaust systems can be removed through
polishing.)
4. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all
(even chrome- and nickel-plated) metal surfaces.
5. Use spray oil as a universal
cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
6. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
7. Wax all painted surfaces.
8. Let the motorcycle dry completely before storing it or covering it.
EWA00001
w
Make sure that there is no oil or
wax on the brakes and tires. If necessary, clean the brake discs and
linings with a regular brake disc
cleaner or acetone, and wash the
tires with warm water and mild
soap. Then, carefully test the
motorcycle for its braking performance and cornering behavior.
ECA00013
cC
8 Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and wipe off any excess.
8 Never apply oil or wax on rubber and plastic parts, but treat
them with a suitable care
product.
8 Avoid using abrasive polishing
compounds as they wear
away the paint.
7-3
NOTE:
Consult a Yamaha dealer for
advice on what products to use.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 76
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
Storage
2
Short-term
Always store your motorcycle in a
cool, dry place and, if necessary,
protect it against dust with a
porous cover.
3
cC
1
4
5
6
7
8
9
ECA00014
8 Storing the motorcycle in a
poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp while it is
still wet will allow water and
humidity to seep in and cause
rust.
8 To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
Long-term
Before storing your motorcycle for
several months:
1. Follow all the instructions in
the “Care” section of this
chapter.
2. Drain the carburetor float
chambers by loosening the
drain bolts; this will prevent
fuel deposits from building up.
Pour the drained fuel into the
fuel tank.
3. Only for motorcycles equipped
with a fuel cock which has an
“OFF” position: Turn the fuel
cock to “OFF”.
4. Fill up the fuel tank and add
fuel stabilizer (if available) to
prevent the fuel tank from rusting and the fuel from deteriorating.
5. Perform the following steps to
protect the cylinders, piston
rings, etc. from corrosion.
a. Remove the spark plug caps
and spark plugs.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine
oil into each spark plug bore.
7-4
c. Install the spark plug caps onto
the spark plugs and place the
spark plugs on the cylinder
head so that the electrodes are
grounded. (This will limit
sparking during the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several
times with the starter. (This
will coat the cylinder walls
with oil.)
e. Remove the spark plug caps
from the spark plugs, install
the spark plugs and then the
spark plug caps.
w
EWA00003
When turning the engine over, be
sure to ground the spark plug electrodes to prevent damage or injury
from sparking.
6. Lubricate all control cables and
the pivoting points of all levers
and pedals as well as of the
sidestand/centerstand.
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 77
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
7. Check and, if necessary, correct the tire air pressure, then
raise the motorcycle so that
both of its wheels are off the
ground. Alternatively, turn the
wheels a little every month in
order to prevent the tires from
becoming degraded in one
spot.
8. Cover up the muffler outlets
with plastic bags to prevent
moisture from entering.
9. Remove the battery and fully
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
place and recharge it once a
month. Do not store the battery in an excessively cold or
warm place (less than 0°C or
more than 30°C). For more
information, see “Battery storage” in the chapter “PERIODIC
MAINTENANCE AND MINOR
REPAIRS”.
NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
7-5
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 78
EAU01038
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications
1
Model
Engine oil
XV125S
Type
Dimensions
2
Overall length
Overall width
3
4
9
SAE 10W/40
805 mm
685 mm
SAE 20W/40
Wheel base
1,495 mm
Minimum turning radius
40° 50°C
SAE 10W/30
2,190 mm
Seat height
SAE 20W/50
Recommended engine oil
classification
145 mm
2,800 mm
API Service SE, SF, SG type
or higher
147 kg
cC
Engine
Engine type
Air-cooled 4-stroke, SOHC,
gasoline
Cylinder arrangement
V-type 2-cylinder
Displacement
124 cm3
Bore × Stroke
41.0 × 47.0 mm
Compression ratio
10.7:1
Starting system
Electric starter
Lubrication system
Wet sump
7
8
10° 20° 30°
SAE 15W/40
Basic weight (with oil and full
fuel tank)
6
0°
1,140 mm
Overall height
Ground clearance
5
–20° –10°
Be sure to use motor oils that do not contain anti-friction
modifiers. Passenger car motor oils (often labeled “Energy
Conserving”) contain anti-friction additives which will cause
clutch and/or starter clutch slippage, resulting in reduced
component life and poor engine performance.
Quantity
Periodic oil change
1.4 L
With oil filter replacement 1.6 L
Total amount
Air filter
8-1
1.7 L
Wet type element
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 79
SPECIFICATIONS
Fuel
1st
2.643
Regular unleaded gasoline
2nd
1.684
Fuel tank capacity
9.5 L
3rd
1.261
Reserve amount
2.6 L
4th
1.000
5th
0.821
Type
Gear ratio
Carburetor
Type/quantity
BDS26/1
Manufacturer
MIKUNI
Gap
Clutch type
NGK / CR6HSA or
DENSO / U20FSR-U
Frame type
Double cradle
Caster angle
32°
Trail
120 mm
Type
Wet, multiple-disc
Primary reduction ratio
3.400
With tube
Front
Transmission
Spur gear
3
4
5
Tire
0.6 ~ 0.7 mm
Primary reduction system
2
Chassis
Spark plug
Manufacturer / Type
1
Size
3.00-18 47P
Manufacturer/
model
CHENG SHIN / C-916
7
8
Secondary reduction system
Chain drive
Secondary reduction ratio
3.615
Rear
Size
130/90-15 M/C 66P
Number of sprocket teeth
(Rear/Front)
Manufacturer/
model
CHENG SHIN / C-915
47/13
Transmission type
Constant mesh 5-speed
Operation
Left foot operation
8-2
6
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 80
SPECIFICATIONS
1
Maximum load*
183 kg
Rear
Air pressure (cold tire)
up to 90 kg load*
2
3
175 kPa (1.75 kg/cm2, 1.75 bar)
Rear
200 kPa (2.00 kg/cm2, 2.00 bar)
Front
200 kPa (2.00 kg/cm2, 2.00 bar)
Rear
225 kPa (2.25 kg/cm2, 2.25 bar)
7
Size
18 × 1.6
9
Type
Spoke wheel
Size
15 M/C × MT 2.75
Telescopic fork
Type
Swingarm
Front
Coil spring/oil damper
Rear
Coil spring/oil damper
Wheel travel
Rear
8
Type
Shock absorbers
Front
Spoke wheel
Right foot operation
Rear
*Load is total weight of cargo, rider, passenger and accessories.
Type
Operation
Front
Wheels
6
Drum brake
Suspension
90 kg load ~ Maximum
load*
4
5
Front
Type
Front
140 mm
Rear
100 mm
Electrical system
Ignition system
T.C.I. (Digital)
Charging system
Brakes
Front
Type
Single disc brake
Operation
Right hand operation
Fluid
DOT 4 or DOT 3
Type
A.C. magneto
Standard output
14 V, 22 A @ 5,000 rpm
Type
GM10-3A-2
Voltage, capacity
12 V, 10 AH
Battery
Headlight type
8-3
Quartz bulb (Halogen)
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 81
SPECIFICATIONS
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity
Headlight
1
12 V, 60 W/55 W × 1
Tail/brake light
12 V, 5 W/21 W × 1
Flasher light
12 V, 21 W × 4
Auxiliary light
12 V, 4 W × 1 (except for GB)
12 V , 3.4 W × 1 (for GB)
Meter light
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Neutral indicator light
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
High beam indicator light
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Turn indicator light
12 V, 3 W × 1
5
Main
20 A
6
Signaling system
10 A
2
3
4
Fuse
7
8
9
8-4
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 82
SPECIFICATIONS
EAU01064
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION TABLE
2
All specification data in this manual are listed in SI
and METRIC UNITS.
Use this table to convert METRIC unit data to
IMPERIAL unit data.
3
Ex.
1
CONVERSION TABLE
METRIC TO IMPERIAL
Metric unit
Multiplier
Imperial unit
Torque
m • kg
m • kg
cm • kg
cm • kg
7.233
86.794
0.0723
0.8679
ft • lb
in• lb
ft • lb
in • lb
Weight
kg
g
2.205
0.03527
lb
oz
Speed
km/hr
0.6214
mph
Distance
km
m
m
cm
mm
0.6214
3.281
1.094
0.3937
0.03937
mi
ft
yd
in
in
6
Volume/
Capacity
cc (cm3)
cc (cm3)
lt (liter)
lt (liter)
0.03527
0.06102
0.8799
0.2199
oz (IMP liq.)
cu • in
qt (IMP liq.)
gal (IMP liq.)
7
Misc.
kg/mm
kg/cm2
Centigrade(°C)
55.997
14.2234
9/5 + 32
lb/in
psi (lb/in2)
Fahrenheit(°F)
4
5
METRIC
** mm
2 mm
MULTIPLIER
×
×
0.03937
0.03937
IMPERIAL
=
=
** in
0.08 in
8
9
8-5
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 83
EAU01039
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU02944
Identification number
records
Record the key identification number, vehicle identification number
and model label information in the
spaces provided for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a
Yamaha dealer or for reference in
case the vehicle is stolen.
1. KEY IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
1
1
1
2
3
1. Key identification number
1. Vehicle identification number
EAU01042
Key identification number
The key identification number is
stamped on the key.
Record this number in the space
provided and use it for reference
when obtaining a new key.
EAU01043
Vehicle identification
number
The vehicle identification number
is stamped into the steering head
pipe.
Record this number in the space
provided.
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number
is used to identify your motorcycle
and may be used to register your
motorcycle with the licensing
authority in your state.
3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
1
6
9-1
4
5
6
7
8
9
5AJ-9-E3 (XV125S)<3.1E> 4/5/0 5:01 PM Page 84
CONSUMER INFORMATION
1
1
2
3
4
1. Model label
EAU01050
Model label
5
6
7
8
The model label is affixed to the
frame under the seat. (See page
3-9 for seat removal procedures.)
Record the information on this
label in the space provided. This
information will be needed to
order spare parts from your
Yamaha dealer.
9
9-2
siro page 4/6/0 3:58 AM Page 1
OWNER’S MANUAL
XV125S
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
99·6– 0.1× 1(E) !
5AJ-28199-E3