Owner’s Manual
for the
BV-60H/BV-120H
All Tube Professional Series
Guitar Amplifiers
®
by
®
BV-60H/120H All-Tube Professional Series Guitar Amplifiers
Congratulations!
Your love of performing and driving ambition to be the best have brought you to a turning point in your musical
career: the incredible BV-60H or BV-120H Professional Series guitar amplifier. An all-tube powerhouse of an amplifier designed to take you to the top and keep you there.
We know something about you: we know you were never impressed with those "toys" that some of your friends
called amplifiers. We know you were holding out until someone offered you an American-made, affordable piece
of professional equipment you could really sink your teeth into. A serious amplifier, designed for a serious musician: an amp with the sounds you've always looked for, the power you've always dreamed about, and the reliability you know you'll need. And all with a name you know you can trust: CRATE.
Like all Crate products, your BV-60H/120H is made with pride in America, using only the best components.
Extensive testing at the hands and ears of skilled technicians and musicians insures you that this amplifier is the
absolute best it can be.
In order to get the most out of your new amplifier, we strongly urge you to go over the information contained in
this manual before you begin playing.
®
And thank you for choosing
Contents:
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
The Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
The Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Some Suggested Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
A Word About Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
System Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .back cover
CAUTION
ATTENTION
VORSICHT
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
RISQUE D'ELECTROCUTION
NE PAS OUVRIR
ELEKTRISCHE SCHLAGGEFAHR
NICHT OFFENEN
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK,
DO NOT REMOVE COVER.
NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE.
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
ATTENTION: POUR REDUIRE D'ELECTROCUTION NE PAS
ENLEVER LE COUVERCLE. AUCUNE PIECE INTERNE N'EST REPRABLE
PAR L'UTILISATEUR. POUR TOUTE REPARATION, S'ADRESSER A UN
TECHNICIEN QUALIFIE.
VORSICHT: ZUR MINIMIERUNG ELEKTRISCHER SCHLAGGEFAHR NICHT
DEN DECKEL ABENHMEN. INTERNE TEILE KONNEN NICHT VOM
BENUTZER GEWARTET WERDEN. DIE WARTUNG IS QUALIFIZIERTEM
WARTUNGSPERSONAL ZU UBERLASSEN.
THIS EQUIPMENT HAS BEEN DESIGNED AND ENGINEERED TO PROVIDE SAFE AND RELIABLE OPERATION. IN ORDER TO PROLONG THE LIFE
OF THE UNIT AND PREVENT ACCIDENTAL DAMAGES OR INJURY, PLEASE FOLLOW THESE PRECAUTIONARY GUIDELINES:
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT OPEN CHASSIS; DO NOT DEFEAT OR REMOVE THE GROUND PIN OF THE
POWER CORD; CONNECT ONLY TO A PROPERLY GROUNDED AC POWER OUTLET.
WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
CAUTION: NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
CAUTION: THIS UNIT IS CAPABLE OF PRODUCING HIGH SOUND PRESSURE LEVELS. CONTINUED EXPOSURE TO HIGH SOUND PRESSURE
LEVELS CAN CAUSE PERMANENT HEARING IMPAIRMENT OR LOSS. USER CAUTION IS ADVISED, AND EAR PROTECTION RECOMMENDED IF
UNIT IS OPERATED AT HIGH VOLUME. THE CHART BELOW SHOWS THE U.S. GOVERNMENT’S OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA) REGULATIONS WHICH WERE IN EFFECT AT THE TIME OF THIS PUBLICATION FOR PERMISSIBLE NOISE EXPOSURE, PER
29CFR1910.95, TABLE G-16:
SOUND LEVEL DBA, DURATION PER DAY
SLOW RESPONSE
IN HOURS
90
8
92
6
95
4
97
3
100
2
SOUND LEVEL DBA,
SLOW RESPONSE
102
105
110
115
DURATION PER DAY
IN HOURS
1 - 1 1/2
1
1/2
1/4 or less
ACCORDING TO OSHA, ANY EXPOSURE IN EXCESS TO THESE AMOUNTS LISTED ABOVE COULD RESULT IN SOME HEARING LOSS.
EXPLANATION OF
GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS:
2
"DANGEROUS VOLTAGE"
= "DANGER HAUTE TENSION"
"GEFAHLICHE SPANNUNG"
"IT IS NECESSARY FOR THE USER TO REFER TO THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL"
= "REFERREZ-VOUS AU MANUAL D'UTILISATION"
"UNBEDINGT IN DER BEDIENUNGSANLEITUNG NACHSCHLAGEN"
®
BV-60H/120H All-Tube Professional Series Guitar Amplifiers
Introduction:
The BV-60H/120H are all-tube, feature-packed professional stage performers' amplifiers. Rugged construction, reliable American craftsmanship and two powerful channels of pure tube power are some of the
trademarks of these new and impressive pieces of musician's equipment. Both amplifiers feature two distinctly different 12AX7 tube-driven channels: one with classic tube rhythm sounds and one offering you some
of the finest lead and overdrive sounds of any stock amplifier.
Each channel features an all-tube preamp section with separate reverb level controls and three bands of
equalization for total tone control. The master Presence control lets you custom tailor the sound of your guitar to suit your particular needs. The effects loop can be quickly bypassed via the front panel switch or an
optional footswitch and features a switchable “pad” for use with either floor pedals or rack-mounted effects.
The Line Out signal is tapped directly from the speaker outputs, then attenuated and frequency-compensated to replicate the sound of a miked speaker cabinet. Dual speaker jacks and an impedance selector
switch allow the use of multiple cabinets totalling 8 or 16 ohms. The BV-60H packs a solid 50 watts of output power; the 120H a whopping 100 watts.
Features:
Here's a quick overview of the BV-60H/120H's features and controls. Additional information can
be found on the pages indicated.
• All-Tube Preamp and Power Amp: Classic tube sounds with Crate’s legendary performance and
reliability.
• Two Completely Separate Channels: Independent level, tone and reverb controls (page 4).
• Presence Control: Provides even greater tone control and flexibility by allowing you to vary the
upper harmonics of your guitar (page 4).
• Footswitch Control: Remote channel selection and Effects Loop on/off is available through the
use of an optional two-button footswitch (such as Crate’s CFP-2) (page 5).
• Switchable Effects Loop with Pad: Footswitch or front panel button controlled, the external
effects loop can be switched in or out with ease. A switchable pad provides optimum performance
from line-level rack mounted effects as well as floor-dwelling foot pedals (pages 4,5).
• Impedance Selector Switch: Proper impedance matching is essential for optimum performance
and life expectancy of a tube amplifier. These amps allow the use of 8 or 16 ohm speaker configurations (page 5).
• Line Out Jack: Taken directly from the output of the speaker jacks, the Line Out signal is frequency compensated to sound just like a “miked” speaker cabinet. Use this to connect to the
house mixing board, a recording console or another performer’s powered monitor (page 5).
• DC Filament Supply: The first preamp tube has a DC filament supply for reduced hum.
• High Cosmetic Appeal and Stage Presence: The unique cosmetics of the BV-60H/120H serve
as a tribute to your good taste in musical equipment.
• Musician Made in the U.S.A.
3
®
BV-60H/120H All-Tube Professional Series Guitar Amplifiers
4
Reverb
Channel 1
Channel 2
EFFECTS LOOP PAD
12dB
CH 2
CH 1
CHANNEL
SELECT
ON
EFFECTS LOOP
PRESENCE
3
REVERB 2 REVERB 1
5
6
7
MASTER
LOW
MID
HIGH
GAIN
8
9
10
11
12
13
LOW
MID
HIGH
VOLUME
INPUT
14
15
16
17
18
The Front Panel:
Channel 2:
Channel 1:
1. POWER (not shown): This switch applies
AC voltage to the amplifier, and should always
be turned on first. The switch lights up when
the AC power is on.
8. MASTER: Set the output signal level of channel 2 with this control. At the "0" position (full
left) very little or no signal will be heard; as you
bring the control up (towards center) the output
level of channel 2 increases. Use this control
along with your guitar's volume and the channel
2 gain control (#12) to produce a wide variety of
sounds.
14. LOW: Adjust the bottom end response with
this control. The low control covers a range of
16dB at 100Hz. This sets the amount of heard
(and felt) from the amp.
2. STANDBY (not shown): This switch activates the amplifier, and should always be turned
on last. The switch lights up when the high voltage power is passing through to the tubes.
NOTE: When you first power up this
amplifier, leave the Standby switch OFF
for at least 20 seconds. This gives the
power tubes a chance to prepare themselves for action.
3. PRESENCE: Increase the level of upper harmonics with this control. The presence control
allows a boost of up to 5dB at 10kHz.
4. EFFECTS LOOP PAD: This switch activates
a 12dB pad on the effects send signal and corresponding gain recovery on the return. In the
“out” position the signal is full strength which is
best suited for line level rack mountable effects.
With the switch “in” the signal is lower which is
best suited for foot pedal type effects.
5. EFFECTS LOOP SWITCH: This switch controls the effects return signal of the effects loop.
The loop is only active when the switch is
pressed in. When a footswitch is used, this
switch is disabled. The adjacent yellow LED
glows when the loop is in use.
6,7. REVERB 2, REVERB 1: Adjust the amount
of reverberation on each channel with these
controls: at the "0" position the signal is "dry"
(no reverb). As you bring the control up, the
amount of reverb increases.
4
9. LOW: Adjust the bottom end response with
this control. The low control covers a range of
15dB at 100Hz. This sets the amount of heard
(and felt) from the amp.
10. MID: Adjust the midrange response with this
control. The mid control covers a range of 13dB
at 500Hz. This controls the “voice” of your guitar.
11. HIGH: Adjust the high end response with
this control. The high control covers a range of
10dB at 10kHz. This controls the “bite” of your
guitar.
12. GAIN: Adjust the overdrive (distortion) level
with this control. With the control towards “0” (to
the left) the signal is relatively clean. As you
bring the control towards “5” (center position)
the distortion increases, along with the overall
output level. Keep turning the control towards
“10” and you’ll increase the distortion even
more.
13. CHANNEL SELECT: Switch between channels with this push-button switch. The adjacent
amber LED glows when channel 1 is selected
(switch "out"), the red LED glows when channel
2 is selected (switch "in"). When a footswitch is
used for channel switching, this switch is disabled.
15. MID: Adjust the midrange response with this
control. The mid control covers a range of 20dB
at 300Hz. This controls the “voice” of your guitar.
16. HIGH: Adjust the high end response with
this control. The high control covers a range of
10dB at 10kHz. This controls the “bite” of your
guitar.
17. VOLUME: Set the output volume level of
channel 1 with this control.
18. INPUT: Connect your guitar or wireless
receiver into this standard 1/4" jack using a
shielded instrument cable.
®
IMPEDANCE
SELECTOR
BV-60H/120H All-Tube Professional Series Guitar Amplifiers
SPEAKERS
100 WATTS RMS
EFFECTS
LOOP
CAUTION
FOOTSWITCH
125VAC, 50/60Hz
250VAC, 50/60Hz
T5A SLO-BLO
T2.5A SLO-BLO
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE.
NE PAS OUVRIR
AVIS:
WARNING:
8
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR
ELECTRICAL SHOCK, SO NOT EXPOSE THIS EQUIPMENT TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.
16
MAIN
EXT.
(USE FIRST)
LINE OUT
RETURN
SEND
T
R
S
T
S
R
TIP = CHANNEL SELECT
RING = EFFECTS LOOP
SLEEVE = GROUND
27
26
25
24
23
22
Made in the U.S.A. by • SLM ELECTRONICS
1400 Ferguson Ave. • St. Louis, MO. 63133
AC LINE IN
21
20
19
The Rear Panel:
19. FUSE: This fuse protects the amplifier
against damages caused by overload conditions in the unit. If the fuse blows, replace it only
with the same size and type as indicated on the
rear panel. If the fuse blows continually, the line
voltage may be incorrect, or the amp may need
servicing.
20. AC LINE IN: Firmly plug the female end of
the supplied power cord into this socket, pushing it in until it is fully seated. Plug the male end
of the cord into a properly grounded AC outlet of
the correct voltage. DO NOT DEFEAT THE
GROUND PIN OF THE AC PLUG! Use only
the supplied power cord. If the amplifier is to be
used outside of the United States, see your
authorized Crate dealer for information about
alternate line cords and power converters if
needed.
21. FOOTSWITCH JACK: Connect a stereo
1/4” (tip/ring/sleeve) here from a two-button
footswitch (such as the Crate CFP-2) for remote
control of channel switching and the effects
loop. The tip of the jack is for the channel
switching; the ring is for the effects loop. When
a footswitch is connected here, the front panel
channel select and effects loop switches are
disabled.
22. EFFECTS LOOP SEND: Connection to an
external effects device is made via this jack.
Connect a shielded instrument patch cord from
the send jack to the input jack of the effect. This
jack is always active. The send jack also doubles as a "preamp out" jack, to feed a post-eq,
pre-amplified signal to a mixing board, recording console or external amplifier.
23. EFFECTS LOOP RETURN: Connection
from an external effects device is made via this
jack. Connect a shielded instrument patch cord
from the output jack of the effect to the return
jack. This jack is active only when the effects
loop is switched in. The return jack also doubles
as a "power amp in" jack, to feed a line-level
signal directly into the BV-60H/120H's internal
power amp. This is useful when "slaving" two
amplifiers together.
24. LINE OUT JACK: This 1/4” jack supplies a
line-level output signal from the power amp for
patching into a mixing board, recording console
or external amplifier. The signal is tapped directly from the speaker outputs, then attenuated
and electronically compensated to simulate the
sound of a “miked” cabinet.
25. EXT. SPEAKER JACK: Use this jack to
connect the amplifier to a secondary speaker
cabinet, after a speaker has been connected to
the main speaker jack (#26).
26. MAIN SPEAKER JACK: Use this jack to
connect the amplifier to your primary speaker
cabinet. Always keep the impedance at 8 or
16 ohms, with the impedance selector switch
(#27) at the proper setting.
NOTE: Use the MAIN SPEAKER jack first.
Then, if an extension speaker is desired,
connect it to the EXT. SPEAKER jack.
27. IMPEDANCE SELECTOR: For the best
performance and least strain on your amplifier,
you MUST properly match the impedance of
your amplifier to that of your speaker cabinet(s).
Set the selector switch to the 8 or 16 ohm position, depending on the total impedance of your
speaker cabinet(s). The chart below can help
you determine that impedance based on the following combinations of speakers connected in
parallel.
CAB. IMP.
8 OHMS
16 OHMS
16 OHMS
32 OHMS
32 OHMS
# OF CABS.
1
1
2
2
4
TOTAL IMP.
8 OHMS
16 OHMS
8 OHMS
16 OHMS
8 OHMS
5
®
BV-60H/120H All-Tube Professional Series Guitar Amplifiers
Some Suggested Settings:
CRUNCHY EDGE:
Reverb
SPARKLING CLEAN:
Channel 1
Channel 2
EFFECTS LOOP PAD
12dB
CH 2
CH 1
CHANNEL
SELECT
ON
EFFECTS LOOP
PRESENCE
REVERB 2 REVERB 1
MASTER
LOW
MID
HIGH
GAIN
LOW
MID
VOLUME
HIGH
AS NEEDED
AS NEEDED
ROCK RHYTHM:
Reverb
FAT CLEAN:
Channel 1
Channel 2
EFFECTS LOOP PAD
12dB
CH 2
CH 1
CHANNEL
SELECT
ON
EFFECTS LOOP
PRESENCE
REVERB 2 REVERB 1
MASTER
LOW
MID
HIGH
GAIN
LOW
MID
VOLUME
HIGH
AS NEEDED
AS NEEDED
MASSIVE METAL:
Reverb
Channel 1
Channel 2
EFFECTS LOOP PAD
12dB
CH 2
CH 1
CHANNEL
SELECT
ON
EFFECTS LOOP
PRESENCE
REVERB 2 REVERB 1
MASTER
AS NEEDED
6
LOW
MID
HIGH
GAIN
LOW
MID
HIGH
VOLUME
®
BV-60H/120H All-Tube Professional Series Guitar Amplifiers
A Word About Tubes:
Vacuum tubes can only last so long. Allowing your amp to cool down before moving it will help prolong the life of
the tubes. Even so, after about a year (or sooner if you're on tour or jammin' more frequently than most) you may
notice the output of your amp just isn't as "alive" as it used to be. If the sound from your amplifier starts to grow weak,
lacks punch, fades up and down, loses highs and lows, gets "funny" (clanking sounds, etc.), it's very likely that the
power tubes are worn out and need replacing. Since power tubes work together in an amplifier, it is important that they
all be replaced at the same time with a matched set of tubes.
If the amp starts to squeal, gets noisy, loses gain or starts to hum, the preamp tubes may be bad. Insist upon
using only the highest quality, low-microphonic tubes!
NOTE: Tube replacement should always be done by a qualified service technician, since adjustment of the
internal biasing controls will be necessary after the new tubes are installed. Also, removal of the tubes may
expose extremely hazardous voltage levels, which could cause injury or death.
To help prolong the life of your tube amplifier, and to keep it in top performing condition, please observe the following guidelines:
• Always match the impedance of your speaker cabinet(s) to the amplifier’s impedance selector switch setting.
• In cold weather, allow the amplifier to warm up to room temperature before turning it on (to prevent cracking
the tubes).
• Allow the amplifier a moment to cool down after playing it before you move it.
• Protect the amplifier from exposure to dust and moisture. If liquid gets spilled into the amplifier, or if it gets
dropped or excessively jarred, have it checked out at a service center before using it.
System Block Diagram:
INPUT
TUBE
STAGE
TUBE
STAGE
CHANNEL
SWITCHING
LOW MID HIGH VOLUME
GAIN
TUBE
STAGE
TUBE
STAGE
TUBE
STAGE
TUBE
STAGE
LOW MID HIGH MASTER
PAD
SWITCHING
SEND
RETURN
POWER
AMP
REVERB 1
EFFECTS
LOOP
EFFECTS
SWITCHING
IMPEDANCE
SELECTOR
SPEAKER
OUTS
PRESENCE
REVERB 2
FREQUENCY
COMPENSATOR
LINE
OUT
7
®
BV-60H/120H All-Tube Professional Series Guitar Amplifiers
Technical Specifications:
Output Power Rating
BV-60H
BV-120H
Gain
Channel 1
Channel 2
50 watts RMS @ 5% THD 8 or 16 ohm load, 120 VAC
100 watts RMS @ 5% THD 8 or 16 ohm load, 120 VAC
66dB, tones at “10” @ 1kHz
101dB, tones @ “10” @ 1kHz
Tone Control Range
Channel 1
Low
Mid
High
16dB @ 100Hz
20dB @ 300Hz
10dB @ 10kHz
Low
Mid
High
15dB @ 100Hz
13dB @ 500Hz
10dB @ 10kHz
5dB @ 10kHz
Channel 2
Presence
Input Impedance
1M ohm
Maximum Signal Accepted
2.8V peak to peak
Tube Types
Preamp
Power Amp
Line Out Level
12AX7A (3)
BV-60H: 12AX7A (1), 6L6GT/5881 (2)
BV-120H: 12AX7A (1), 6L6GT/5881 (4)
1.2V RMS nominal
Power Requirements
BV-60H
BV-120H
Size and Weight
115V 60Hz, 110VA; 2.5A Slo-Blo Fuse
115V 60Hz, 180VA; 5A Slo-Blo Fuse
12”H x 30.25”W x 10”D, 50lbs.
Crate continually develops new products, as well as improves existing ones. For this reason, the specifications and information in this manual are subject to change without notice.
The BV-60H and 120H are covered with high-quality, durable Tolex®. To keep them looking their best, avoid
abrasive cleansers. Wipe the cabinets clean using a slightly dampened soft cloth. Do not spray cleaners directly
into the amplifier. Never use brass cleaners on the hardware since they could damage their protective coatings.
®
©1996 SLM ELECTRONICS • A division of St. Louis Music • 1400 Ferguson Avenue • St. Louis, Mo 63133
P/N 47-631-03 • 09/96