ZyXEL Communications G-220 v3 User`s guide

ZyXEL G-220 v3
802.11g Wireless USB Adapter
User’s Guide
Version 2.1.0
Edition 1
04/2008
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
About This User's Guide
Congratulations on your purchase of the ZyXEL G-220 v3 802.11g Wireless USB Adapter.
Your G-220 v3 is easy to install and configure.
About This User's Guide
This manual is designed to guide you through the configuration of your G-220 v3 for its
various applications.
Related Documentation
• Supporting Disk
Refer to the included CD for support documents.
• Quick Start Guide
The Quick Start Guide is designed to help you get up and running right away. They
contain hardware installation/connection information.
• ZyXEL Glossary and Web Site
Please refer to www.zyxel.com for an online glossary of networking terms and additional
support documentation.
User Guide Feedback
Help us help you. E-mail all User Guide-related comments, questions or suggestions for
improvement to techwriters@zyxel.com.tw or send regular mail to The Technical Writing
Team, ZyXEL Communications Corp., 6 Innovation Road II, Science-Based Industrial Park,
Hsinchu, 300, Taiwan. Thank you.
3
Document Conventions
Warnings and Notes
These are how warnings and notes are shown in this User’s Guide.
1
"
Warnings tell you about things that could harm you or your G-220 v3.
Notes tell you other important information (for example, other things you may
need to configure or helpful tips) or recommendations.
Syntax Conventions
• The ZyXEL G-220 v3 may be referred to as the “G-220 v3”, the “device”, the “system” or
the “product” in this User’s Guide.
• Product labels, screen names, field labels and field choices are all in bold font.
• A key stroke is denoted by square brackets and uppercase text, for example, [ENTER]
means the “enter” or “return” key on your keyboard.
• “Enter” means for you to type one or more characters and then press the [ENTER] key.
“Select” or “choose” means for you to use one of the predefined choices.
• A right angle bracket ( > ) within a screen name denotes a mouse click. For example,
Maintenance > Log > Log Setting means you first click Maintenance in the navigation
panel, then the Log sub menu and finally the Log Setting tab to get to that screen.
• Units of measurement may denote the “metric” value or the “scientific” value. For
example, “k” for kilo may denote “1000” or “1024”, “M” for mega may denote “1000000”
or “1048576” and so on.
• “e.g.,” is a shorthand for “for instance”, and “i.e.,” means “that is” or “in other words”.
Icons Used in Figures
Figures in this User’s Guide may use the following generic icons. The G-220 v3 icon is not an
exact representation of your G-220 v3.
4
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
Graphics Icons Key
Wireless Access Point
Computer
Notebook Computer
Server
Modem or Router
Wireless Signal
Internet Cloud
5
Safety Warnings
1
For your safety, be sure to read and follow all warning notices and instructions.
• Do NOT use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming
pool.
• Do NOT expose your device to dampness, dust or corrosive liquids.
• Do NOT store things on the device.
• Do NOT install, use, or service this device during a thunderstorm. There is a remote risk
of electric shock from lightning.
• Connect ONLY suitable accessories to the device.
• Do NOT open the device or unit. Opening or removing covers can expose you to
dangerous high voltage points or other risks. ONLY qualified service personnel should
service or disassemble this device. Please contact your vendor for further information.
• Do not use the device outside, and make sure all the connections are indoors. There is a
remote risk of electric shock from lightning.
• Antenna Warning! This device meets ETSI and FCC certification requirements when
using the included antenna(s). Only use the included antenna(s).
This product is recyclable. Dispose of it properly.
6
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in any part or as a whole, transcribed,
stored in a retrieval system, translated into any language, or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, photocopying, manual, or
otherwise, without the prior written permission of ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
Published by ZyXEL Communications Corporation. All rights reserved.
Disclaimer
ZyXEL does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any products, or
software described herein. Neither does it convey any license under its patent rights nor the
patent rights of others. ZyXEL further reserves the right to make changes in any products
described herein without notice. This publication is subject to change without notice.
Trademarks
ZyNOS (ZyXEL Network Operating System) is a registered trademark of ZyXEL
Communications, Inc. Other trademarks mentioned in this publication are used for
identification purposes only and may be properties of their respective owners.
Copyright
7
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
Certifications
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Interference Statement
The device complies with Part 15 of FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
• This device may not cause harmful interference.
• This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operations.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy, and if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio/television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
1 Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2 Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
3 Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver
is connected.
4 Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
• This device has been tested to the FCC exposure requirements (Specific Absorption Rate).
• Testing was performed on laptop computers with antennas at 0mm spacing. The maximum
SAR value is: 1.53W/kg. The device must not be collocated with any other antennas or
transmitters.
• This equipment has been SAR-evaluated for use in laptops (notebooks) with side slot
configuration.
• The device complies with FCC RF radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment, under 47 CFR 2.1093 paragraph (d)(2). End users must follow the specific
operating instructions for satisfying RF exposure compliance. To maintain compliance
with FCC RF exposure compliance requirements, please follow operation instruction as
documented in this manual.
• This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna
or transmitter.
8
Certifications
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
• IEEE 802.11b or 802.11g operation of this product in the U.S.A. is firmware-limited to
channels 1 through 11.
注意 !
依據
低功率電波輻射性電機管理辦法
第十二條 經型式認證合格之低功率射頻電機,非經許可,公司、商號或使用
者均不得擅自變更頻率、加大功率或變更原設計之特性及功能。
第十四條 低功率射頻電機之使用不得影響飛航安全及干擾合法通信;經發現
有干擾現象時,應立即停用,並改善至無干擾時方得繼續使用。
前項合法通信,指依電信規定作業之無線電信。低功率射頻電機須忍
受合法通信或工業、科學及醫療用電波輻射性電機設備之干擾。
Notices
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance
could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
This device has been designed for the WLAN 2.4 GHz network throughout the EC region and
Switzerland, with restrictions in France.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Viewing Certifications
1 Go to http://www.zyxel.com.
2 Select your product from the drop-down list box on the
ZyXEL home page to go to that product's page.
3 Select the certification you wish to view from this
page.
Certifications
9
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
ZyXEL Limited Warranty
ZyXEL warrants to the original end user (purchaser) that this product is free from any defects
in materials or workmanship for a period of up to two (2) years from the date of purchase.
During the warranty period, and upon proof of purchase, should the product have indications
of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or materials, ZyXEL will, at its discretion, repair or
replace the defective products or components without charge for either parts or labor, and to
whatever extent it shall deem necessary to restore the product or components to proper
operating condition. Any replacement will consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally
equivalent product of equal or higher value, and will be solely at the discretion of ZyXEL.
This warranty shall not apply if the product has been modified, misused, tampered with,
damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal working conditions.
Note
Repair or replacement, as provided under this warranty, is the exclusive remedy of the
purchaser. This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, express or implied, including any
implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular use or purpose. ZyXEL shall in
no event be held liable for indirect or consequential damages of any kind to the purchaser.
To obtain the services of this warranty, contact ZyXEL's Service Center for your Return
Material Authorization number (RMA). Products must be returned Postage Prepaid. It is
recommended that the unit be insured when shipped. Any returned products without proof of
purchase or those with an out-dated warranty will be repaired or replaced (at the discretion of
ZyXEL) and the customer will be billed for parts and labor. All repaired or replaced products
will be shipped by ZyXEL to the corresponding return address, Postage Paid. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that vary from country to
country.
Online Registration
Register your product online to receive e-mail notices of firmware upgrades and information
at www.zyxel.com for global products, or at www.us.zyxel.com for North American products.
10
ZyXEL Limited Warranty
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
Customer Support
Please have the following information ready when you contact customer support.
•
•
•
•
Product model and serial number.
Warranty Information.
Date that you received your device.
Brief description of the problem and the steps you took to solve it.
METHOD SUPPORT E-MAIL
TELEPHONE
WEB SITE
FAX
FTP SITE
REGULAR MAIL
LOCATION
CORPORATE
HEADQUARTERS
(WORLDWIDE)
COSTA RICA
CZECH REPUBLIC
DENMARK
FINLAND
SALES E-MAIL
support@zyxel.com.tw +886-3-578-3942
sales@zyxel.com.tw
+886-3-578-2439
soporte@zyxel.co.cr
+506-2017878
www.zyxel.co.cr
sales@zyxel.co.cr
+506-2015098
ftp.zyxel.co.cr
info@cz.zyxel.com
+420-241-091-350
www.zyxel.cz
info@cz.zyxel.com
+420-241-091-359
ZyXEL Communications
Czech s.r.o.
Modranská 621
143 01 Praha 4 - Modrany
Ceská Republika
support@zyxel.dk
+45-39-55-07-00
www.zyxel.dk
sales@zyxel.dk
+45-39-55-07-07
ZyXEL Communications A/S
Columbusvej
2860 Soeborg
Denmark
support@zyxel.fi
+358-9-4780-8411
www.zyxel.fi
sales@zyxel.fi
+358-9-4780 8448
ZyXEL Communications Oy
Malminkaari 10
00700 Helsinki
Finland
info@zyxel.fr
+33-4-72-52-97-97
www.zyxel.fr
ZyXEL France
1 rue des Vergers
Bat. 1 / C
69760 Limonest
France
www.zyxel.de
ZyXEL Deutschland GmbH.
Adenauerstr. 20/A2 D-52146
Wuerselen
Germany
www.zyxel.hu
ZyXEL Hungary
48, Zoldlomb Str.
H-1025, Budapest
Hungary
www.zyxel.kz
ZyXEL Kazakhstan
43, Dostyk ave.,Office 414
Dostyk Business Centre
050010, Almaty
Republic of Kazakhstan
ZyXEL Communications Inc.
1130 N. Miller St.
Anaheim
CA 92806-2001
U.S.A.
+33-4-72-52-19-20
FRANCE
GERMANY
HUNGARY
KAZAKHSTAN
support@zyxel.de
+49-2405-690969
sales@zyxel.de
+49-2405-6909-99
support@zyxel.hu
+36-1-3361649
info@zyxel.hu
+36-1-3259100
http://zyxel.kz/support
+7-3272-590-698
sales@zyxel.kz
+7-3272-590-689
support@zyxel.com
1-800-255-4101
+1-714-632-0882
www.us.zyxel.com
sales@zyxel.com
+1-714-632-0858
ftp.us.zyxel.com
NORTH AMERICA
Customer Support
www.zyxel.com
ZyXEL Communications Corp.
www.europe.zyxel.com 6 Innovation Road II
Science Park
ftp.zyxel.com
Hsinchu 300
Taiwan
ftp.europe.zyxel.com
ZyXEL Costa Rica
Plaza Roble Escazú
Etapa El Patio, Tercer Piso
San José, Costa Rica
11
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
METHOD SUPPORT E-MAIL
TELEPHONE
WEB SITE
SALES E-MAIL
FAX
FTP SITE
support@zyxel.no
+47-22-80-61-80
www.zyxel.no
sales@zyxel.no
+47-22-80-61-81
ZyXEL Communications A/S
Nils Hansens vei 13
0667 Oslo
Norway
info@pl.zyxel.com
+48 (22) 333 8250
www.pl.zyxel.com
ZyXEL Communications
ul. Okrzei 1A
03-715 Warszawa
Poland
www.zyxel.ru
ZyXEL Russia
Ostrovityanova 37a Str.
Moscow, 117279
Russia
www.zyxel.es
ZyXEL Communications
Arte, 21 5ª planta
28033 Madrid
Spain
www.zyxel.se
ZyXEL Communications A/S
Sjöporten 4, 41764 Göteborg
Sweden
www.ua.zyxel.com
ZyXEL Ukraine
13, Pimonenko Str.
Kiev, 04050
Ukraine
ZyXEL Communications UK
Ltd.,11 The Courtyard,
Eastern Road, Bracknell,
Berkshire, RG12 2XB,
United Kingdom (UK)
REGULAR MAIL
LOCATION
NORWAY
POLAND
+48 (22) 333 8251
RUSSIA
SPAIN
SWEDEN
http://zyxel.ru/support
+7-095-542-89-29
sales@zyxel.ru
+7-095-542-89-25
support@zyxel.es
+34-902-195-420
sales@zyxel.es
+34-913-005-345
support@zyxel.se
+46-31-744-7700
sales@zyxel.se
+46-31-744-7701
support@ua.zyxel.com +380-44-247-69-78
UKRAINE
sales@ua.zyxel.com
+380-44-494-49-32
support@zyxel.co.uk
+44-1344 303044
08707 555779 (UK only)
www.zyxel.co.uk
sales@zyxel.co.uk
+44-1344 303034
ftp.zyxel.co.uk
UNITED KINGDOM
+” is the (prefix) number you enter to make an international telephone call.
12
Customer Support
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
Table of Contents
Copyright .................................................................................................................. 7
Certifications ............................................................................................................ 8
ZyXEL Limited Warranty........................................................................................ 10
Customer Support.................................................................................................. 11
Table of Contents ................................................................................................... 13
List of Figures ........................................................................................................ 17
List of Tables .......................................................................................................... 21
Chapter 1
Getting Started ....................................................................................................... 23
1.1 About Your G-220 v3 .........................................................................................23
1.2 Application Overview ..........................................................................................23
1.2.1 Windows Vista Users ................................................................................23
1.2.2 Station Mode .............................................................................................23
1.2.2.1 Infrastructure ...................................................................................23
1.2.2.2 Ad-Hoc ............................................................................................24
1.2.3 Access Point Mode ..................................................................................25
1.2.4 Changing G-220 v3 Mode ........................................................................25
1.3 G-220 v3 Hardware and Utility Installation .........................................................26
1.3.1 ZyXEL Utility Icon .....................................................................................26
1.4 Configuration Methods ......................................................................................26
1.4.1 Enabling WZC ...........................................................................................26
1.4.2 Accessing the ZyXEL Utility .....................................................................27
Chapter 2
Tutorial .................................................................................................................... 29
2.1 Connecting to a Wireless LAN ..........................................................................29
2.2 Creating and Using a Profile ..............................................................................31
2.3 Configuring the G-220 v3 as an AP ...................................................................34
Chapter 3
Wireless LAN Network ........................................................................................... 37
3.1 Wireless LAN Overview ....................................................................................37
3.2 Wireless LAN Security ......................................................................................38
3.2.1 Hide SSID .................................................................................................38
Table of Contents
13
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
3.2.2 MAC Address Filter ...................................................................................38
3.2.3 User Authentication and Encryption .........................................................39
3.2.3.1 WEP ................................................................................................39
3.2.3.2 IEEE 802.1x ....................................................................................40
3.2.3.3 WPA and WPA2 ..............................................................................40
3.3 WiFi Protected Setup .........................................................................................41
3.3.1 Push Button Configuration ........................................................................41
3.3.2 PIN Configuration .....................................................................................41
3.3.3 How WPS Works ......................................................................................43
3.3.3.1 Example WPS Network Setup ........................................................44
3.3.4 Limitations of WPS ...................................................................................46
3.4 Introduction to OTIST
.....................................................................................47
3.4.1 Enabling OTIST ........................................................................................47
3.4.1.1 AP ...................................................................................................47
3.4.1.2 Wireless Client ................................................................................48
3.4.2 Starting OTIST .........................................................................................49
3.4.3 Notes on OTIST ........................................................................................49
Chapter 4
Wireless Station Mode Configuration .................................................................. 51
4.1 Wireless Station Mode Overview ......................................................................51
4.1.1 ZyXEL Utility Screen Summary ...............................................................51
4.2 The Link Info Screen ..........................................................................................52
4.2.1 Trend Chart ...............................................................................................53
4.3 The Site Survey Screen .....................................................................................54
4.3.1 Security Settings .......................................................................................55
4.3.1.1 WEP Encryption ..............................................................................56
4.3.1.2 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK .....................................................................57
4.3.1.3 WPA/WPA2 .....................................................................................58
4.3.1.4 IEEE 802.1x ....................................................................................59
4.3.2 Confirm Save Screen ................................................................................61
4.4 The Profile Screen .............................................................................................62
4.4.1 Adding a New Profile ................................................................................64
4.5 The Adapter Screen ...........................................................................................68
4.6 Security Settings in Windows Vista ....................................................................71
4.6.1 Using PEAP in Vista .................................................................................71
4.6.2 Using TLS in Vista ...................................................................................72
Chapter 5
Access Point Mode Configuration........................................................................ 75
5.1 Access Point Mode Introduction ........................................................................75
5.1.1 ZyXEL Utility Screen Summary ...............................................................75
5.1.2 Additional Setup Requirements ................................................................76
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Table of Contents
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
5.2 The Link Info Screen .........................................................................................76
5.3 The Configuration Screen .................................................................................77
5.4 The MAC Filter Screen ......................................................................................79
Chapter 6
Maintenance ........................................................................................................... 81
6.1 The About Screen .............................................................................................81
6.2 Uninstalling the ZyXEL Utility ............................................................................81
6.3 Upgrading the ZyXEL Utility ..............................................................................82
Chapter 7
Troubleshooting .................................................................................................. 85
7.1 Problems Starting the ZyXEL Utility ...................................................................85
7.2 Problem Connecting to an Access Point ............................................................85
7.3 Problem with the Link Quality .............................................................................86
7.4 Problems Communicating With Other Computers .............................................86
Appendix A
Product Specifications .......................................................................................... 87
Appendix B
Access Point Mode Setup Example ..................................................................... 89
Appendix C
Management with Wireless Zero Configuration .................................................. 93
Appendix D
Wireless Security ................................................................................................. 105
Appendix E
Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address............................................................ 111
Index...................................................................................................................... 123
Table of Contents
15
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
16
Table of Contents
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
List of Figures
Figure 1 Application: Infrastructure ....................................................................... 24
Figure 2 Application: Ad-Hoc ................................................................................ 24
Figure 3 Application: Access Point Mode .............................................................. 25
Figure 4 ZyXEL Utility: Change Modes .................................................................. 25
Figure 5 ZyXEL Utility: System Tray Icon .............................................................. 26
Figure 6 Enable WZC ............................................................................................. 27
Figure 7 Infrastructure Network .............................................................................. 29
Figure 8 ZyXEL Utility: Site Survey ........................................................................ 30
Figure 9 ZyXEL Utility: Security Settings .............................................................. 30
Figure 10 ZyXEL Utility: Confirm Save ................................................................... 31
Figure 11 ZyXEL Utility: Link Info .......................................................................... 31
Figure 12 ZyXEL Utility: Profile .............................................................................. 32
Figure 13 ZyXEL Utility: Add New Profile ............................................................... 32
Figure 14 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Security ................................................................ 33
Figure 15 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Encryption ............................................................ 33
Figure 16 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Confirm Save ....................................................... 33
Figure 17 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Activate ................................................................ 34
Figure 18 ZyXEL Utility: AP: Link Info .................................................................... 35
Figure 19 ZyXEL Utility: AP: Configuration ........................................................... 35
Figure 20 Example of a Wireless Network ............................................................. 37
Figure 21 Example WPS Process: PIN Method ..................................................... 43
Figure 22 How WPS works .................................................................................... 44
Figure 23 WPS: Example Network Step 1 ............................................................. 45
Figure 24 WPS: Example Network Step 2 ............................................................. 45
Figure 25 WPS: Example Network Step 3 ............................................................. 46
Figure 26 ZyXEL Utility Menu Summary: Station Mode ........................................ 51
Figure 27 Station Mode: Link Info ......................................................................... 52
Figure 28 Station Mode: Link Info: Trend Chart .................................................... 53
Figure 29 Station Mode: Site Survey ..................................................................... 54
Figure 30 Station Mode: Security Setting: WEP ................................................... 56
Figure 31 Station Mode: Security Setting: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK ......................... 57
Figure 32 Station Mode: Security Settings: WPA/WPA2 ........................................ 58
Figure 33 Station Mode: Security Setting: 802.1x ................................................. 60
Figure 34 Confirm Save Screen ............................................................................ 61
Figure 35 Station Mode: Profile ............................................................................ 63
Figure 36 Station Mode: Profile: Add a New Profile .............................................. 64
Figure 37 Station Mode: Profile: Select a Channel ............................................... 66
Figure 38 Station Mode: Profile: Wireless Settings ............................................... 67
List of Figures
17
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
Figure 39 Station Mode: Profile: Security Settings ................................................ 67
Figure 40 Station Mode: Profile: Confirm New Settings ........................................ 68
Figure 41 Station Mode: Profile: Activate the Profile ............................................. 68
Figure 42 Station Mode: Adapter .......................................................................... 69
Figure 43 Vista Security: Additional Information Required ..................................... 71
Figure 44 Vista Security: Enter Credentials ........................................................... 72
Figure 45 Vista Security: Additional Information Required ..................................... 72
Figure 46 Vista Security: Select Certificate ............................................................ 73
Figure 47 ZyXEL Utility Menu Summary: AP Mode .............................................. 75
Figure 48 Access Point Mode: Link Info ................................................................ 76
Figure 49 Access Point Mode: Configuration ........................................................ 77
Figure 50 Access Point Mode: MAC Filter ............................................................ 80
Figure 51 About ..................................................................................................... 81
Figure 52 Uninstall: Confirm ................................................................................. 82
Figure 53 Uninstall: Finish ..................................................................................... 82
Figure 54 Windows 2000: Start ............................................................................. 89
Figure 55 Windows 2000: Network and Dial-up Connections ............................... 90
Figure 56 Windows 2000: Network Properties ...................................................... 90
Figure 57 WIndows 2000: Network Properties: Select Network Adapter .............. 91
Figure 58 Windows 2000: Local Network .............................................................. 91
Figure 59 Windows XP SP2: WZC Not Available .................................................. 93
Figure 60 Windows XP SP2: System Tray Icon ..................................................... 94
Figure 61 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection Status ....................... 94
Figure 62 Windows XP SP1: Wireless Network Connection Status ....................... 95
Figure 63 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection .................................. 95
Figure 64 Windows XP SP1: Wireless Network Connection Properties ................ 96
Figure 65 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection: WEP or WPA-PSK .. 97
Figure 66 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection: No Security ............ 97
Figure 67 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Association ..................... 98
Figure 68 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Authentication ................. 99
Figure 69 Windows XP: Protected EAP Properties ................................................ 100
Figure 70 Windows XP: Smart Card or other Certificate Properties ...................... 101
Figure 71 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Networks: Preferred Networks .................. 103
Figure 72 Windows XP SP1: Wireless Networks: Preferred Networks .................. 103
Figure 73 WPA-PSK Authentication ....................................................................... 109
Figure 74 WPA(2) with RADIUS Application Example ........................................... 110
Figure 75 WIndows 95/98/Me: Network: Configuration .......................................... 112
Figure 76 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: IP Address .............................. 113
Figure 77 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: DNS Configuration ................. 114
Figure 78 Windows XP: Start Menu ....................................................................... 115
Figure 79 Windows XP: Control Panel ................................................................... 115
Figure 80 Windows XP: Control Panel: Network Connections: Properties ............ 116
Figure 81 Windows XP: Local Area Connection Properties ................................... 116
18
List of Figures
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
Figure 82 Windows XP: Advanced TCP/IP Settings .............................................. 117
Figure 83 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties .............................. 118
Figure 84 Macintosh OS 8/9: Apple Menu ............................................................. 119
Figure 85 Macintosh OS 8/9: TCP/IP ..................................................................... 119
Figure 86 Macintosh OS X: Apple Menu ................................................................ 120
Figure 87 Macintosh OS X: Network ...................................................................... 121
List of Figures
19
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
20
List of Figures
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
List of Tables
Table 1 ZyXEL Utility: System Tray Icon ............................................................... 26
Table 2 ZyXEL Utility Menu Summary: Station Mode ............................................ 51
Table 3 Station Mode: Link Info ............................................................................. 52
Table 4 Station Mode: Link Info: Trend Chart ........................................................ 54
Table 5 Station Mode: Site Survey ........................................................................ 55
Table 6 Station Mode: Security Setting: WEP ....................................................... 56
Table 7 Station Mode: Security Setting: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK ............................ 58
Table 8 Station Mode: Security Setting: WPA/WPA2 ............................................. 59
Table 9 Station Mode: Security Settings: IEEE 802.1x .......................................... 60
Table 10 Confirm Save Screen ............................................................................. 61
Table 11 Station Mode: Profile ............................................................................... 63
Table 12 Station Mode: Profile: Add a New Profile ................................................ 64
Table 13 Station Mode: Profile: Select a Channel ................................................. 66
Table 14 Station Mode: Adapter ............................................................................ 69
Table 15 ZyXEL Utility Menu Summary: AP Mode ................................................ 75
Table 16 Access Point Mode: Link Info ................................................................. 76
Table 17 Access Point Mode: Configuration ......................................................... 78
Table 18 Access Point Mode: MAC Filter .............................................................. 80
Table 19 About ...................................................................................................... 81
Table 20 Troubleshooting Starting ZyXEL Utility ................................................... 85
Table 21 Troubleshooting Access Point Connection Problem ............................... 85
Table 22 Troubleshooting Link Quality .................................................................. 86
Table 23 Troubleshooting Communication Problem .............................................. 86
Table 24 Product Specifications ............................................................................ 87
Table 25 Windows XP SP2: System Tray Icon ...................................................... 94
Table 26 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection .................................. 96
Table 27 Windows XP: Wireless Networks ........................................................... 97
Table 28 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Association ...................... 98
Table 29 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Authentication .................. 99
Table 30 Windows XP: Protected EAP Properties ................................................ 101
Table 31 Windows XP: Smart Card or other Certificate Properties ....................... 102
Table 32 Comparison of EAP Authentication Types .............................................. 107
Table 33 Wireless Security Relational Matrix ........................................................ 110
List of Tables
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CHAPTER 1
Getting Started
This chapter introduces the G-220 v3 and prepares you to use the ZyXEL utility.
1.1 About Your G-220 v3
The G-220 v3 is an IEEE 802.11b/g compliant wireless LAN adapter. You can also use the
ZyXEL utility to turn your G-220 v3 into an access point (AP). The ZyXEL utility is a tool
that helps you configure your G-220 v3. See the appendix for detailed product specifications.
1.2 Application Overview
This section describes some network applications for the G-220 v3.
1.2.1 Windows Vista Users
At the time of writing these functions are not yet available on Windows Vista:
•
•
•
•
AP Mode (Section 2.3 on page 34)
Encryption Settings - 802.1x and WPA/WPA2 - PEAP and TLS options (Section
4.3.1.3 on page 58). Please see Section 4.6 on page 71 for help on configuring
these options on Vista
Ad-hoc channel and wireless mode settings (Section 4.4.1 on page 64)
Advanced Properties on Adapter screen (Section 4.5 on page 68)
1.2.2 Station Mode
The G-220 v3 is in wireless station mode by default. When the G-220 v3 works as a wireless
station (wireless client), you can either set the network type to Infrastructure and connect to
an AP or use Ad-Hoc mode and connect to a peer computer (another wireless device in AdHoc mode).
1.2.2.1 Infrastructure
To connect to a network via an access point (AP), set the G-220 v3 network type to
Infrastructure. Through the AP, you can access the Internet or the wired network behind the
AP.
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Figure 1 Application: Infrastructure
1.2.2.2 Ad-Hoc
To set up a small independent wireless workgroup without an AP, use Ad-Hoc.
Ad-Hoc does not require an AP or a wired network. Two or more wireless clients
communicate directly to each other.
Figure 2 Application: Ad-Hoc
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1.2.3 Access Point Mode
You can also set the G-220 v3 to access point mode. In access point mode, your G-220 v3
functions as an access point. This allows you to set up your wireless networks without using a
dedicated AP. The following figure shows a network example.
Figure 3 Application: Access Point Mode
In the example, the G-220 v3 is installed on computer A and set to operate in access point
mode. Computer A provides an Internet connection to the wireless LAN, so wireless stations
B and C can access the Internet.
1.2.4 Changing G-220 v3 Mode
To change between the modes, select either Station Mode or AP Mode in any ZyXEL utility
screens.
Figure 4 ZyXEL Utility: Change Modes
Note: Wait for about five seconds for the ZyXEL utility to complete the mode change.
The current mode is indicated by the color of the check box.
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1.3 G-220 v3 Hardware and Utility Installation
Follow the instructions in the Quick Start Guide to install the ZyXEL utility and make
hardware connections.
1.3.1 ZyXEL Utility Icon
After you install and start the ZyXEL utility, an icon for the ZyXEL utility appears in the
system tray.
Note: The ZyXEL utility system tray icon displays only when the G-220 v3 is installed
properly. When you use the ZyXEL utility, it automatically disables WZC.
Figure 5 ZyXEL Utility: System Tray Icon
The color of the ZyXEL utility system tray icon indicates the status of the G-220 v3. Refer to
the following table for details.
Table 1 ZyXEL Utility: System Tray Icon
COLOR
DESCRIPTION
Red
The G-220 v3 is operating in wireless station mode but is not connected to a wireless
network.
Green
The G-220 v3 is operating in wireless station mode and connected to a wireless network.
Pale Blue
The G-220 v3 is operating in access point mode.
1.4 Configuration Methods
To configure your G-220 v3, use one of the following applications:
• Wireless Zero Configuration (WZC) (the Windows XP wireless configuration tool)
• ZyXEL Utility (required when you want to use the G-220 v3 as an access point)
• Odyssey Client Manager (not supplied)
Refer to the Odyssey Client Manager documentation for more information.
Note: Do NOT use WZC or the Odyssey Client Manager at the same time you use the
ZyXEL utility.
1.4.1 Enabling WZC
Note: When you use the ZyXEL utility, it automatically disables WZC.
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If you want to use WZC to configure the G-220 v3, you need to disable the ZyXEL utility by
right-clicking the utility icon ( ) in the system tray and selecting Exit.
Figure 6 Enable WZC
Refer to the appendices for information on how to use WZC to manage the G-220 v3.
To re-activate the ZyXEL utility, double-click the ( ) icon on your desktop or click Start >
Programs > ZyXEL G-220 v3 Wireless Adapter Utility > ZyXEL G-220 v3 Wireless
Adapter Utility.
1.4.2 Accessing the ZyXEL Utility
Double-click on the ZyXEL wireless LAN utility icon in the system tray to open the ZyXEL
utility. The ZyXEL utility screens are similar in all Microsoft Windows versions. Screens for
Windows XP are shown in this User’s Guide.
Note: Click the
window.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
icon (located in the top right corner) to display the online help
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CHAPTER 2
Tutorial
The following sections show you how to join a wireless network using the ZyXEL utility, as in
the following diagrams. The wireless client is labeled C and the access point is labeled AP.
Figure 7 Infrastructure Network
There are three ways to connect the wireless client (the G-220 v3 in station mode) to a
network.
• Configure nothing and leave the wireless client to automatically scan for and connect to
any available network that has no wireless security configured.
• Manually connect to a network (see Section 2.1 on page 29).
• Configure a profile to have the wireless client automatically connect to a specific network
or peer computer (see Section 2.2 on page 31).
This chapter also includes a simple example of how to configure the G-220 v3 as an AP using
the ZyXEL utility. See Section 2.3 on page 34 for more information.
2.1 Connecting to a Wireless LAN
This example illustrates how to manually connect your wireless client to an access point (AP)
which is configured for WPA-PSK security and connected to the Internet. Before you connect
to the access point, you must know its Service Set IDentity (SSID) and WPA-PSK pre-shared
key. In this example, the SSID is “SSID_Example3” and the pre-shared key is
“ThisismyWPA-PSKpre-sharedkey” in the AP.
After you install the ZyXEL utility and then insert the wireless client, follow the steps below
to connect to a network using the Site Survey screen.
1 Open the ZyXEL utility and click the Site Survey tab to open the screen as shown next.
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Figure 8 ZyXEL Utility: Site Survey
2 The wireless client automatically searches for available wireless networks. Click Scan if
you want to search again. If no entry displays in the Available Network List, that means
there is no wireless network available within range. Make sure the AP or peer computer is
turned on, or move the wireless client closer to the AP or peer computer. See Table 5 on
page 55 for detailed field descriptions.
3 To connect to an AP or peer computer, either click an entry in the list and then click
Connect or double-click an entry (with a SSID of SSID_Examples3 in this example).
4 When you try to connect to an AP with security configured, a window will pop up
prompting you to specify the security settings. Enter the pre-shared key and leave the
encryption type at the default setting.
Use the Next button to move on to the next screen. You can use the Back button at any
time to return to the previous screen, or the Exit button to return to the Site Survey
screen.
Figure 9 ZyXEL Utility: Security Settings
5 The Confirm Save window appears. Check your settings and click Save to continue.
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Figure 10 ZyXEL Utility: Confirm Save
6 The ZyXEL utility returns to the Link Info screen while it connects to the wireless
network using your settings. When the wireless link is established, the ZyXEL utility icon
in the system tray turns green and the Link Info screen displays details of the active
connection. Check the network information in the Link Info screen to verify that you
have successfully connected to the selected network. If the wireless client is not
connected to a network, the fields in this screen remain blank. See Table 3 on page 52 for
detailed field descriptions.
Figure 11 ZyXEL Utility: Link Info
7 Open your Internet browser and enter http://www.zyxel.com or the URL of any other web
site in the address bar. If you are able to access the web site, your wireless connection is
successfully configured. If you cannot access the web site, check the Troubleshooting
section of this User's Guide or contact your network administrator if necessary.
2.2 Creating and Using a Profile
A profile lets you automatically connect to the same wireless network every time you use the
ZyXEL utility. You can also configure different profiles for different networks, for example if
you connect a notebook computer to wireless networks at home and at work.
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This example illustrates how to set up a profile and connect the wireless client to an access
point configured for WPA-PSK security. In this example, the SSID is “SSID_Example3” and
the pre-shared key is “ThisismyWPA-PSKpre-sharedkey” in the AP. You have chosen the
profile name “PN_Example3”.
1 Open the ZyXEL utility and click the Profile tab to open the screen as shown. Click Add
to configure a new profile.
Figure 12 ZyXEL Utility: Profile
2 The Add New Profile screen appears. The wireless client automatically searches for
available wireless networks, which are displayed in the Scan Info box. You can also
configure your profile for a wireless network that is not in the list.
Figure 13 ZyXEL Utility: Add New Profile
3 Give the profile a descriptive name (of up to 32 printable ASCII characters). Select
Infrastructure and either manually enter or select the AP's SSID in the Scan Info table
and click Select.
4 Choose the same encryption method as the AP to which you want to connect (In this
example, WPA-PSK).
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Figure 14 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Security
5 This screen varies depending on the encryption method you selected in the previous
screen. In this example, enter the pre-shared key and leave the encryption type at the
default setting.
Figure 15 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Encryption
6 Verify the profile settings in the ready-only screen. Click Save to save and go to the next
screen.
Figure 16 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Confirm Save
7 Click Activate Now to use the new profile immediately. Otherwise, click the Activate
Later button to go back to the Profile List screen.
If you clicked Activate Later you can select the profile from the list in the Profile screen
and click Connect to activate it.
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Note: Only one profile can be activated and used at any given time.
Figure 17 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Activate
8 When you activate the new profile, the ZyXEL utility goes to the Link Info screen while
it connects to the AP using your settings. When the wireless link is established, the
ZyXEL utility icon in the system tray turns green and the Link Info screen displays
details of the active connection.
9 Make sure the selected AP in the active profile is connected to the Internet. Open your
Internet browser, enter http://www.zyxel.com or the URL of any other web site in the
address bar and press ENTER. If you are able to access the web site, your new profile is
successfully configured.
10If you cannot access the Internet, go back to the Profile screen. Select the profile you are
using and click Edit. Check the details you entered previously. Also, refer to the
Troubleshooting section of this User's Guide or contact your network administrator if
necessary.
2.3 Configuring the G-220 v3 as an AP
In access point mode, your G-220 v3 allows you to set up your wireless network without using
a dedicated AP. Refer to Section 1.2.4 on page 25 and Chapter 5 on page 75 for more
information.
Note: At the time of writing this feature is not available on Windows Vista.
Note: With WZC, you cannot use the G-220 v3 as an access point.
After you install the ZyXEL utility and then insert the G-220 v3, follow the steps below to set
up your G-220 v3 as an AP.
1 Select AP Mode in any utility screen and wait for five seconds. The screen changes and
displays as next. Under Status, you can view the current settings on the G-220 v3. In the
Association List, you can see if any wireless clients have connected to your G-220 v3.
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Figure 18 ZyXEL Utility: AP: Link Info
2 If you want to change the SSID and enable wireless security for your G-220 v3, click the
Configuration tab and refer to Section 5.3 on page 77 for detailed field descriptions.
Note: You can only use WEP when the G-220 v3 is in AP mode.
Figure 19 ZyXEL Utility: AP: Configuration
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CHAPTER 3
Wireless LAN Network
This chapter provides background information on wireless LAN network.
3.1 Wireless LAN Overview
The following figure provides an example of a wireless network with an AP. See Figure 2 on
page 24 for an Ad Hoc network example.
Figure 20 Example of a Wireless Network
The wireless network is the part in the blue circle. In this wireless network, devices A and B
are called wireless clients. The wireless clients use the access point (AP) to interact with other
devices (such as the printer) or with the Internet
Every wireless network must follow these basic guidelines.
• Every device in the same wireless network must use the same SSID.
The SSID is the name of the wireless network. It stands for Service Set IDentity.
• If two wireless networks overlap, they should use a different channel.
Like radio stations or television channels, each wireless network uses a specific channel,
or frequency, to send and receive information.
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• Every device in the same wireless network must use security compatible with the AP or
peer computer.
Security stops unauthorized devices from using the wireless network. It can also protect
the information that is sent in the wireless network.
3.2 Wireless LAN Security
Wireless LAN security is vital to your network to protect wireless communications.
Configure the wireless LAN security using the Configuration or the Profile Security Setting
screen. If you do not enable any wireless security on your G-220 v3, the G-220 v3’s wireless
communications are accessible to any wireless networking device that is in the coverage area.
Note: You can only use WEP encryption if you set the G-220 v3 to Ad-hoc or AP
mode.
See the appendices for more detailed information about wireless security.
3.2.1 Hide SSID
Normally, the G-220 v3 in AP mode acts like a beacon and regularly broadcasts the SSID in
the area. You can hide the SSID instead, in which case the G-220 v3 in AP mode does not
broadcast the SSID. In addition, you should change the default SSID to something that is
difficult to guess.
This type of security is fairly weak, however, because there are ways for unauthorized wireless
devices to get the SSID. In addition, unauthorized wireless devices can still see the
information that is sent in the wireless network.
3.2.2 MAC Address Filter
Every device that can use a wireless network has a unique identification number, called a
MAC address.1 A MAC address is usually written using twelve hexadecimal characters2; for
example, 00A0C5000002 or 00:A0:C5:00:00:02. To get the MAC address for each device in
the wireless network, see the device’s User’s Guide or other documentation.
You can use the MAC address filter to tell the G-220 v3 in AP mode which devices are
allowed or not allowed to use the wireless network. If a device is allowed to use the wireless
network, it still has to have the correct information (SSID, channel, and security). If a device is
not allowed to use the wireless network, it does not matter if it has the correct information.
38
1.
Some wireless devices, such as scanners, can detect wireless networks but cannot use wireless
networks. These kinds of wireless devices might not have MAC addresses.
2.
Hexadecimal characters are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, and F.
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This type of security does not protect the information that is sent in the wireless network.
Furthermore, there are ways for unauthorized wireless devices to get the MAC address of an
authorized device. Then, they can use that MAC address to use the wireless network.
3.2.3 User Authentication and Encryption
You can make every user log in to the wireless network before they can use it. This is called
user authentication. However, every wireless client in the wireless network has to support
IEEE 802.1x to do this.
Wireless networks can use encryption to protect the information that is sent in the wireless
network. Encryption is like a secret code. If you do not know the secret code, you cannot
understand the message.
3.2.3.1 WEP
3.2.3.1.1 Data Encryption
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) encryption scrambles all data packets transmitted between
the G-220 v3 and the AP or other wireless stations to keep network communications private.
Both the wireless stations and the access points must use the same WEP key for data
encryption and decryption.
There are two ways to create WEP keys in your G-220 v3.
• Automatic WEP key generation based on a “password phrase” called a passphrase. The
passphrase is case sensitive. You must use the same passphrase for all WLAN adapters
with this feature in the same WLAN.
For WLAN adapters without the passphrase feature, you can still take advantage of this
feature by writing down the four automatically generated WEP keys from the Security
Settings screen of the ZyXEL utility and entering them manually as the WEP keys in the
other WLAN adapter(s).
• Enter the WEP keys manually.
Your G-220 v3 allows you to configure up to four 64-bit, 128-bit or 256-bit WEP keys
and only one key is used as the default key at any one time.
3.2.3.1.2 Authentication Type
The IEEE 802.11b/g standard describes a simple authentication method between the wireless
stations and AP. Three authentication types are defined: Auto, Open System and Shared Key.
• Open System mode is implemented for ease-of-use and when security is not an issue.
The wireless station and the AP or peer computer do not share a secret key. Thus the
wireless stations can associate with any AP or peer computer and listen to any transmitted
data that is not encrypted.
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• Shared Key mode involves a shared secret key to authenticate the wireless station to the
AP or peer computer. This requires you to enable the wireless LAN security and use same
settings on both the wireless station and the AP or peer computer.
• Auto authentication mode allows the G-220 v3 to switch between the open system and
shared key modes automatically. Use the auto mode if you do not know the authentication
mode of the other wireless stations.
3.2.3.2 IEEE 802.1x
The IEEE 802.1x standard outlines enhanced security methods for both the authentication of
wireless stations and encryption key management. Authentication can be done using an
external RADIUS server.
3.2.3.2.1 EAP Authentication
EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) is an authentication protocol that runs on top of the
IEEE 802.1x transport mechanism in order to support multiple types of user authentication. By
using EAP to interact with an EAP-compatible RADIUS server, an access point helps a
wireless station and a RADIUS server perform authentication.
The type of authentication you use depends on the RADIUS server and an intermediary AP(s)
that supports IEEE 802.1x. The G-220 v3 supports EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS and EAP-PEAP.
For EAP-TLS authentication type, you must first have a wired connection to the network and
obtain the certificate(s) from a certificate authority (CA). A certificate (also called digital IDs)
can be used to authenticate users and a CA issues certificates and guarantees the identity of
each certificate owner.
3.2.3.3 WPA and WPA2
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a subset of the IEEE 802.11i standard. WPA2 (IEEE
802.11i) is a wireless security standard that defines stronger encryption, authentication and
key management than WPA.
Key differences between WPA(2) and WEP are improved data encryption and user
authentication.
Both WPA and WPA2 improve data encryption by using Temporal Key Integrity Protocol
(TKIP), Message Integrity Check (MIC) and IEEE 802.1x. WPA and WPA2 use Advanced
Encryption Standard (AES) in the Counter mode with Cipher block chaining Message
authentication code Protocol (CCMP) to offer stronger encryption than TKIP.
If both an AP and the wireless clients support WPA2 and you have an external RADIUS
server, use WPA2 for stronger data encryption. If you don't have an external RADIUS server,
you should use WPA2-PSK (WPA2-Pre-Shared Key) that only requires a single (identical)
password entered into each access point, wireless gateway and wireless client. As long as the
passwords match, a wireless client will be granted access to a WLAN.
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If the AP or the wireless clients do not support WPA2, just use WPA or WPA-PSK depending
on whether you have an external RADIUS server or not.
Select WEP only when the AP and/or wireless clients do not support WPA or WPA2. WEP is
less secure than WPA or WPA2.
3.3 WiFi Protected Setup
Your G-220 v3 supports WiFi Protected Setup (WPS), which is an easy way to set up a secure
wireless network. WPS is an industry standard specification, defined by the WiFi Alliance.
WPS allows you to quickly set up a wireless network with strong security, without having to
configure security settings manually. Each WPS connection works between two devices. Both
devices must support WPS (check each device’s documentation to make sure).
Depending on the devices you have, you can either press a button (on the device itself, or in its
configuration utility) or enter a PIN (a unique Personal Identification Number that allows one
device to authenticate the other) in each of the two devices. When WPS is activated on a
device, it has two minutes to find another device that also has WPS activated. Then, the two
devices connect and set up a secure network by themselves.
3.3.1 Push Button Configuration
WPS Push Button Configuration (PBC) is initiated by pressing a button on each WPS-enabled
device, and allowing them to connect automatically. You do not need to enter any information.
Not every WPS-enabled device has a physical WPS button. Some may have a WPS PBC
button in their configuration utilities instead of or in addition to the physical button.
Take the following steps to set up WPS using the button.
1 Ensure that the two devices you want to set up are within wireless range of one another.
2 Look for a WPS button on each device. If the device does not have one, log into its
configuration utility and locate the button (see the device’s User’s Guide for how to do
this - for the G-220 v3, see Section 4.5 on page 68).
3 Press the button on one of the devices (it doesn’t matter which).
4 Within two minutes, press the button on the other device. The registrar sends the network
name (SSID) and security key through an secure connection to the enrollee.
If you need to make sure that WPS worked, check the list of associated wireless clients in the
AP’s configuration utility. If you see the wireless client in the list, WPS was successful.
3.3.2 PIN Configuration
Each WPS-enabled device has its own PIN (Personal Identification Number). This may either
be static (it cannot be changed) or dynamic (in some devices you can generate a new PIN by
clicking on a button in the configuration interface).
Use the PIN method instead of the push-button configuration (PBC) method if you want to
ensure that the connection is established between the devices you specify, not just the first two
devices to activate WPS in range of each other. However, you need to log into the
configuration interfaces of both devices to use the PIN method.
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When you use the PIN method, you must enter the PIN from one device (usually the wireless
client) into the second device (usually the Access Point or wireless router). Then, when WPS
is activated on the first device, it presents its PIN to the second device. If the PIN matches, one
device sends the network and security information to the other, allowing it to join the network.
Take the following steps to set up a WPS connection between an access point or wireless
router (referred to here as the AP) and a client device using the PIN method.
1 Ensure WPS is enabled on both devices.
2 Access the WPS section of the AP’s configuration interface. See the device’s User’s
Guide for how to do this.
3 Look for the client’s WPS PIN; it will be displayed either on the device, or in the WPS
section of the client’s configuration interface (see the device’s User’s Guide for how to
find the WPS PIN - for the G-220 v3, see Section 3.3.1 on page 41).
4 Enter the client’s PIN in the AP’s configuration interface.
Note: If the client device’s configuration interface has an area for entering another
device’s PIN, you can either enter the client’s PIN in the AP, or enter the AP’s
PIN in the client - it does not matter which.
5 Start WPS on both devices within two minutes.
Note: Use the configuration utility to activate WPS, not the push-button on the device
itself.
6 On a computer connected to the wireless client, try to connect to the Internet. If you can
connect, WPS was successful.
If you cannot connect, check the list of associated wireless clients in the AP’s
configuration utility. If you see the wireless client in the list, WPS was successful.
The following figure shows a WPS-enabled wireless client (installed in a notebook computer)
connecting to the WPS-enabled AP via the PIN method.
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Figure 21 Example WPS Process: PIN Method
ENROLLEE
REGISTRAR
WPS
This device’s
WPS PIN: 123456
WPS
Enter WPS PIN
from other device:
WPS
START
WPS
START
WITHIN 2 MINUTES
SECURE EAP TUNNEL
SSID
WPA(2)-PSK
COMMUNICATION
3.3.3 How WPS Works
When two WPS-enabled devices connect, each device must assume a specific role. One device
acts as the registrar (the device that supplies network and security settings) and the other
device acts as the enrollee (the device that receives network and security settings. The registrar
creates a secure EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) tunnel and sends the network name
(SSID) and the WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK pre-shared key to the enrollee. Whether WPA-PSK
or WPA2-PSK is used depends on the standards supported by the devices. If the registrar is
already part of a network, it sends the existing information. If not, it generates the SSID and
WPA(2)-PSK randomly.
The following figure shows a WPS-enabled client (installed in a notebook computer)
connecting to a WPS-enabled access point.
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Figure 22 How WPS works
ACTIVATE
WPS
ACTIVATE
WPS
WITHIN 2 MINUTES
WPS HANDSHAKE
ENROLLEE
SECURE TUNNEL
REGISTRAR
SECURITY INFO
COMMUNICATION
The roles of registrar and enrollee last only as long as the WPS setup process is active (two
minutes). The next time you use WPS, a different device can be the registrar if necessary.
The WPS connection process is like a handshake; only two devices participate in each WPS
transaction. If you want to add more devices you should repeat the process with one of the
existing networked devices and the new device.
Note that the access point (AP) is not always the registrar, and the wireless client is not always
the enrollee. All WPS-certified APs can be a registrar, and so can some WPS-enabled wireless
clients.
By default, a WPS devices is “unconfigured”. This means that it is not part of an existing
network and can act as either enrollee or registrar (if it supports both functions). If the registrar
is unconfigured, the security settings it transmits to the enrollee are randomly-generated. Once
a WPS-enabled device has connected to another device using WPS, it becomes “configured”.
A configured wireless client can still act as enrollee or registrar in subsequent WPS
connections, but a configured access point can no longer act as enrollee. It will be the registrar
in all subsequent WPS connections in which it is involved. If you want a configured AP to act
as an enrollee, you must reset it to its factory defaults.
3.3.3.1 Example WPS Network Setup
This section shows how security settings are distributed in an example WPS setup.
The following figure shows an example network. In step 1, both AP1 and Client 1 are
unconfigured. When WPS is activated on both, they perform the handshake. In this example,
AP1 is the registrar, and Client 1 is the enrollee. The registrar randomly generates the security
information to set up the network, since it is unconfigured and has no existing information.
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Figure 23 WPS: Example Network Step 1
ENROLLEE
REGISTRAR
SECURITY INFO
AP1
CLIENT 1
In step 2, you add another wireless client to the network. You know that Client 1 supports
registrar mode, but it is better to use AP1 for the WPS handshake with the new client since
you must connect to the access point anyway in order to use the network. In this case, AP1
must be the registrar, since it is configured (it already has security information for the
network). AP1 supplies the existing security information to Client 2.
Figure 24 WPS: Example Network Step 2
REGISTRAR
EXISTING CONNECTION
AP1
CLIENT 1
ENROLLEE
Y
RIT
CU
E
S
O
INF
CLIENT 2
In step 3, you add another access point (AP2) to your network. AP2 is out of range of AP1, so
you cannot use AP1 for the WPS handshake with the new access point. However, you know
that Client 2 supports the registrar function, so you use it to perform the WPS handshake
instead.
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Figure 25 WPS: Example Network Step 3
EXISTING CONNECTION
CLIENT 1
E
ION
CT
E
NN
CO
G
TIN
XIS
AP1
REGISTRAR
CLIENT 2
SE
CU
RIT
Y
ENROLLEE
INF
O
AP1
3.3.4 Limitations of WPS
WPS has some limitations of which you should be aware.
• WPS works in Infrastructure networks only (where an AP and a wireless client
communicate). It does not work in Ad-Hoc networks (where there is no AP).
• When you use WPS, it works between two devices only. You cannot enroll multiple
devices simultaneously, you must enroll one after the other.
For instance, if you have two enrollees and one registrar you must set up the first enrollee
(by pressing the WPS button on the registrar and the first enrollee, for example), then
check that it successfully enrolled, then set up the second device in the same way.
• WPS works only with other WPS-enabled devices. However, you can still add non-WPS
devices to a network you already set up using WPS.
WPS works by automatically issuing a randomly-generated WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK
pre-shared key from the registrar device to the enrollee device. Whether the network uses
WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK depends on the device. You can check the configuration
interface of the registrar device to discover the key the network is using (if the device
supports this feature). Then, you can enter the key into the non-WPS device and join the
network as normal (the non-WPS device must also support WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK).
• When you use the PBC method, there is a short period (from the moment you press the
button on one device to the moment you press the button on the other device) when any
WPS-enabled device could join the network. This is because the registrar has no way of
identifying the “correct” enrollee, and cannot differentiate between your enrollee and a
rogue device. This is a possible way for a hacker to gain access to a network.
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You can easily check to see if this has happened. WPS works between only two devices
simultaneously, so if another device has enrolled your device will be unable to enroll, and
will not have access to the network. If this happens, open the access point’s configuration
interface and look at the list of associated clients (usually displayed by MAC address). It
does not matter if the access point is the WPS registrar, the enrollee, or was not involved
in the WPS handshake; a rogue device must still associate with the access point to gain
access to the network. Check the MAC addresses of your wireless clients (usually printed
on a label on the bottom of the device). If there is an unknown MAC address you can
remove it or reset the AP.
3.4 Introduction to OTIST
In a wireless network, the wireless clients must have the same SSID and security settings as
the access point (AP) or wireless router (we will refer to both as “AP” here) in order to
associate with it. Traditionally this meant that you had to configure the settings on the AP and
then manually configure the exact same settings on each wireless client.
OTIST (One-Touch Intelligent Security Technology) allows you to transfer your AP’s SSID
and WEP or WPA-PSK security settings to wireless clients that support OTIST and are within
transmission range. You can also choose to have OTIST generate a WPA-PSK key for you if
you didn’t configure one manually.
3.4.1 Enabling OTIST
You must enable OTIST on both the AP and wireless client before you start transferring
settings.
We use the P-334WT in this guide as the example AP. Screens may vary slightly for your
ZyXEL devices.
Note: The AP and wireless client(s) MUST use the same Setup key.
3.4.1.1 AP
On the P-334WT, you can enable OTIST using the Reset button or the web configurator. If
you use the Reset button, the default (01234567) or previous saved (through the web
configurator) Setup key is used to encrypt the settings that you want to transfer.
Hold in the Reset button for one or two seconds.
Note: If you hold in the Reset button too long, the device may reset to the factory
defaults!
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In the web configurator, go to the Wireless LAN main screen and then select OTIST. To
change the Setup key, enter zero to eight printable characters. To have OTIST automatically
generate a WPA-PSK key, select the Yes check box. If you manually configured a WEP key or
a WPA-PSK key and you also selected this check box, then the key you manually configured
is used.
3.4.1.2 Wireless Client
Start the ZyXEL utility and click the Adapter tab. Select the OTIST check box, enter the
same Setup Key as your AP’s and click Save.
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3.4.2 Starting OTIST
Note: You must click Start in the AP OTIST web configurator screen and in the
wireless client(s) Adapter screen all within three minutes (at the time of
writing). You can start OTIST in the wireless clients and AP in any order but
they must all be within range and have OTIST enabled.
See the user’s guide for more information.
1 In the AP, a web configurator screen pops
up showing you the security settings to
transfer. After reviewing the settings, click
OK.
2 This screen appears while OTIST settings are being transferred. It closes when the
transfer is complete.
• In the wireless client, you see this screen if
it can't find an OTIST-enabled AP (with the
same Setup key). Click OK to go back to
the ZyXEL utility main screen.
• If there is more than one OTIST-enabled AP within range, you see a screen asking you to
select one AP to get settings from.
3.4.3 Notes on OTIST
1 If you enabled OTIST in the wireless client, you see this screen each time you start the
utility. Click Yes for it to search for an OTIST-enabled AP.
2 If an OTIST-enabled wireless client loses its wireless connection for more than ten
seconds, it will search for an OTIST-enabled AP for up to one minute. (If you manually
have the wireless client search for an OTIST-enabled AP, there is no timeout; click
Cancel in the OTIST progress screen to stop the search.)
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3 When the wireless client finds an OTIST-enabled AP, you must still click Start in the AP
OTIST web configurator screen or hold in the Reset button (for one or two seconds) for
the AP to transfer settings.
4 If you change the SSID or the keys on the AP after using OTIST, you need to run OTIST
again or enter them manually in the wireless client(s).
5 If you configure OTIST to generate a WPA-PSK key, this key changes each time you run
OTIST. Therefore, if a new wireless client joins your wireless network, you need to run
OTIST on the AP and ALL the wireless clients again.
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CHAPTER 4
Wireless Station Mode
Configuration
This chapter shows you how to configure your G-220 v3 in wireless station mode. See
Chapter 5 on page 75 for how to configure the G-220 v3 in access point mode.
4.1 Wireless Station Mode Overview
To set your G-220 v3 in wireless station mode, select Station Mode in any utility screen (refer
to Section 1.2.4 on page 25).
4.1.1 ZyXEL Utility Screen Summary
This section describes the ZyXEL utility screens when the G-220 v3 is in station mode.
Figure 26 ZyXEL Utility Menu Summary: Station Mode
The following table describes the menus.
Table 2 ZyXEL Utility Menu Summary: Station Mode
TAB
DESCRIPTION
Station Mode
Link Info
Use this screen to see your current connection status, configuration and data rate
statistics.
Site Survey
Use this screen to
• scan for a wireless network
• configure wireless security (if activated on the selected network).
• connect to a wireless network.
Profile
Use this screen to add, delete, edit or activate a profile with a set of wireless and
security settings.
Adaptor
Use this screen to configure a transfer rate, enable power saving and use OTIST
(One-Touch Intelligent Security Technology).
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4.2 The Link Info Screen
When the ZyXEL utility starts, the Link Info screen displays, showing the current
configuration and connection status of your G-220 v3.
Figure 27 Station Mode: Link Info
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 3 Station Mode: Link Info
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
AP Mode
Station Mode
Use the check box to set the G-220 v3 to operate in wireless station or access
point mode. Refer to Section 1.2.4 on page 25 for more information.
Wireless Network
Status
Profile Name
This is the name of the profile you are currently using.
Network Name
(SSID)
The SSID identifies the wireless network to which a wireless station is associated.
This field displays the name of the wireless device to which the G-220 v3 is
associated.
AP MAC Address
This field displays the MAC address of the AP or peer computer to which the G-220
v3 is associated.
Network Type
This field displays the network type (Infrastructure or Ad-Hoc) of the wireless
network.
Transmission Rate This field displays the current transmission rate of the G-220 v3 in megabits per
second (Mbps).
Security
52
This field displays whether data encryption is activated (WEP (WEP or 802.1x),
TKIP (WPA/WPA-PSK/WPA2/WPA2-PSK), AES (WPA/WPA-PSK/WPA2/WPA2PSK)) or inactive (DISABLE).
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Table 3 Station Mode: Link Info (continued)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Channel
This field displays the radio channel the G-220 v3 is currently using.
Status
This field displays the authentication type of the wireless network.
Statistics
Transmit Rate
This field displays the current data transmission rate in kilobits per second (Kbps).
Receive Rate
This field displays the current data receiving rate in kilobits per second (Kbps).
Authentication
This field displays the authentication method of the G-220 v3.
Network Mode
This field displays the wireless standard (B or G) of the AP or peer computer.
Total Transmit
This field displays the total number of data frames transmitted.
Total Receive
This field displays the total number of data frames received.
Link Quality
This field displays the signal strength of the G-220 v3.
Trend Chart
Click this button to display the real-time statistics of the data rate in kilobits per
second (Kbps).
Signal Strength
The status bar shows the strength of the signal. The signal strength is mainly
depending on the antenna output power and the distance between your G-220 v3
and the AP or peer computer.
Link Quality
The status bar shows the quality of wireless connection. This refers to the
percentage of packets transmitted successfully. If there are too many wireless
stations in a wireless network, collisions may occur which could result in a loss of
messages even though you have high signal strength.
4.2.1 Trend Chart
Click Trend Chart in the Link Info screen to display a screen as shown below. Use this
screen to view real-time data traffic statistics.
Figure 28 Station Mode: Link Info: Trend Chart
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 4 Station Mode: Link Info: Trend Chart
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Transmit
This field displays the current data transmission rate in kilobits per second (Kbps).
Receive
This field displays the current data receiving rate in kilobits per second (Kbps).
4.3 The Site Survey Screen
Use the Site Survey screen to scan for and connect to a wireless network automatically.
Figure 29 Station Mode: Site Survey
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 5 Station Mode: Site Survey
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Available Network
List
Click a column heading to sort the entries.
denotes that the wireless device is in infrastructure mode and the wireless
security is activated.
denotes that the wireless device is in infrastructure mode but the wireless
security is deactivated.
denotes that the wireless device is in Ad-Hoc mode and the wireless
security is activated.
denotes that the wireless device is in Ad-Hoc mode but the wireless
security is deactivated.
,
,
or
SSID
This field displays the SSID (Service Set IDentifier) of each wireless device.
Channel
This field displays the channel number used by each wireless device.
Signal
This field displays the signal strength of each wireless device.
Scan
Click Scan to search for available wireless devices within transmission range.
Connect
Click Connect to associate to the selected wireless device.
Site Info
Click an entry in the Available Network List table to display the information of the
selected wireless device.
Network Type
This field displays the network type (Infrastructure or Ad Hoc) of the wireless
device.
Channel
This field displays the channel number used by each wireless device.
Encryption
This field shows whether data encryption is activated (WEP (WEP or 802.1x),
WPA, WPA-PSK, WPA2, WPA2-PSK) or inactive (DISABLE).
MAC address
This field displays the MAC address of the wireless device.
Surveyed at
This field displays the time when the wireless device is scanned.
4.3.1 Security Settings
When you configure the G-220 v3 to connect to a network with wireless security activated and
the security settings are disabled on the G-220 v3, the screen varies according to the
encryption method used by the selected network.
Note: At the time of writing some security settings are not functional on Windows
Vista. Please see Section 4.6 on page 71 for more help.
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4.3.1.1 WEP Encryption
Figure 30 Station Mode: Security Setting: WEP
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 6 Station Mode: Security Setting: WEP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Security Settings
56
WEP
Select 64 Bits, 128 Bits or 256 Bits to activate WEP encryption and then fill in the
related fields.
Encryption Type
Select an authentication method. Choices are SHARED and OPEN.
Refer to Section 3.2.3.1.2 on page 39 for more information.
Pass Phrase
Enter a passphrase of up to 63 case-sensitive printable characters. As you enter
the passphrase, the G-220 v3 automatically generates four different WEP keys
and displays it in the key field below. Refer to Section 3.2.3.1.1 on page 39 for
more information.
At the time of writing, you cannot use passphrase to generate 256-bit WEP keys.
Transmit Key
Select a default WEP key to use for data encryption. The key displays in the field
below.
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Table 6 Station Mode: Security Setting: WEP (continued)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Key x (where x is a Select this option if you want to manually enter the WEP keys. Enter the WEP key
number between 1 in the field provided.
and 4)
If you select 64 Bits in the WEP field.
Enter either 10 hexadecimal digits in the range of “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” (for
example, 11AA22BB33) for HEX key type.
or
Enter 5 ASCII characters (case sensitive) ranging from “a-z”, “A-Z” and “0-9”
(for example, MyKey) for ASCII key type.
If you select 128 Bits in the WEP field,
Enter either 26 hexadecimal digits in the range of “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” (for
example, 00112233445566778899AABBCC) for HEX key type
or
Enter 13 ASCII characters (case sensitive) ranging from “a-z”, “A-Z” and “0-9”
(for example, MyKey12345678) for ASCII key type.
If you select 256 Bits in the WEP field,
Enter either 58 hexadecimal digits in the range of "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" (for
example,
0000111122223333444455556666777788889999AAAABBBBCCCC000011)
for HEX key type
or
Enter 29 ASCII characters (case sensitive) ranging from "a-z", "A-Z" and "0-9"
(for example, MyKey111122223333444455556678) for ASCII key type.
Note: The values for the WEP keys must be set up exactly the
same on all wireless devices in the same wireless LAN.
ASCII WEP keys are case sensitive.
Back
Click Back to go to the Site Survey screen to select and connect to another
network.
Next
Click Next to confirm your selections and advance to the Confirm Save screen.
Refer to Section 4.3.2 on page 61.
Exit
Click Exit to return to the Site Survey screen without saving.
4.3.1.2 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
Figure 31 Station Mode: Security Setting: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 7 Station Mode: Security Setting: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Encryption Type
The encryption mechanisms used for WPA/WPA2 and WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK are
the same. The only difference between the two is that WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK uses
a simple common password, instead of user-specific credentials.
Select the encryption type (TKIP or AES) for data encryption.
Refer to Section 3.2.3.3 on page 40 for more information.
Pre-Shared Key
Type a pre-shared key (same as the AP or peer device) of between 8 and 63 casesensitive ASCII characters (including spaces and symbols) or 64 hexadecimal
characters.
Back
Click Back to go to the Site Survey screen to select and connect to another
network.
Next
Click Next to confirm your selections and advance to the Confirm Save screen.
Refer to Section 4.3.2 on page 61.
Exit
Click Exit to return to the Site Survey screen without saving.
4.3.1.3 WPA/WPA2
Note: At the time of writing this section is less functional on Windows Vista. Please
see Section 4.6 on page 71 for more information on how to configure the
security settings.
Figure 32 Station Mode: Security Settings: WPA/WPA2
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 8 Station Mode: Security Setting: WPA/WPA2
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Encryption Type
The encryption mechanisms used for WPA/WPA2 and WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK are
the same. The only difference between the two is that WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK uses
a simple common password, instead of user-specific credentials.
Select the encryption type (TKIP or AES) for data encryption.
Refer to Section 3.2.3.3 on page 40 for more information.
Authentication
Type
The type of authentication you use depends on the RADIUS server or AP.
Select an authentication method from the drop down list. Options are TLS and
PEAP.
Login Name
Enter a user name.
This is the user name that you or an administrator set up on a RADIUS server.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista. Please see Section 4.6 on page 71 for more
information.
Password
This field is not available when you select TLS in the Authentication Type field.
Enter the password associated with the user name above.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista. Please see Section 4.6 on page 71 for more
information.
Certificate
This field is only available when you select TLS in the Authentication Type field.
Click Browse to select a certificate.
Note: You must first have a wired connection to a network and
obtain the certificate(s) from a certificate authority (CA).
Consult your network administrator for more information.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista. Please see Section 4.6 on page 71 for more
information.
Validate Server
Certificate
Select the check box to check the certificate of the authentication server.
PEAP Inner EAP
This field is only available when you select PEAP in the Authentication Type field.
The PEAP method used by the RADIUS server or AP for client authentication is
MS CHAP v2.
Back
Click Back to go to the Site Survey screen to select and connect to another
network.
Next
Click Next to confirm your selections and advance to the Confirm Save screen.
Refer to Section 4.3.2 on page 61.
Exit
Click Exit to return to the Site Survey screen without saving.
4.3.1.4 IEEE 802.1x
Configure IEEE 802.1x security with various authentication methods in this screen.
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Note: At the time of writing this section is less functional on Windows Vista. Please
see Section 4.6 on page 71 for more information on how to configure the
security settings.
Figure 33 Station Mode: Security Setting: 802.1x
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 9 Station Mode: Security Settings: IEEE 802.1x
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Authentication
Type
The type of authentication you use depends on the RADIUS server or AP.
Select an authentication method from the drop down list. Options are TLS and
PEAP.
Login Name
Enter a user name.
This is the user name that you or an administrator set up on a RADIUS server.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista. Please see Section 4.6 on page 71 for more
information.
Password
This field is not available when you select TLS in the Authentication Type field.
Enter the password associated with the user name above.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista. Please see Section 4.6 on page 71 for more
information.
Certificate
This field is only available when you select TLS in the Authentication Type field.
Click Browse to select a certificate.
Note: You must first have a wired connection to a network and
obtain the certificate(s) from a certificate authority (CA).
Consult your network administrator for more information.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista. Please see Section 4.6 on page 71 for more
information.
Validate Server
Certificate
60
Select the check box to check the certificate of the authentication server.
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Table 9 Station Mode: Security Settings: IEEE 802.1x
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
PEAP Inner EAP
This field is only available when you select PEAP in the Authentication Type field.
The PEAP method used by the RADIUS server or AP for client authentication is
MS CHAP v2.
Back
Click Back to go to the Site Survey screen to select and connect to another
network.
Next
Click Next to confirm your selections and advance to the Confirm Save screen.
Refer to Section 4.3.2 on page 61.
Exit
Click Exit to return to the Site Survey screen without saving.
4.3.2 Confirm Save Screen
Use this screen to confirm and save the security settings.
Figure 34 Confirm Save Screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 10 Confirm Save Screen
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Security Setting
Network Name
This field displays the SSID previously entered.
Network Type
This field displays the network type (Infrastructure or Ad-Hoc) of the wireless
device.
Channel
This field displays the channel number used by the profile.
Security
This field shows whether data encryption is activated (WEP (WEP or 802.1x), WPA,
WPA-PSK, WPA2, WPA2-PSK) or inactive (DISABLE).
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Table 10 Confirm Save Screen
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Back
Click Back to return to the previous screen.
Save
Click Save to save the changes back to the G-220 v3 and display the Link Info
screen.
Exit
Click Exit to discard changes and return to the Site Survey screen.
4.4 The Profile Screen
A profile is a set of wireless parameters that you need to connect to a wireless network. With a
profile activated, each time you start the G-220 v3, it automatically scans for the specific SSID
and joins that network with the pre-defined wireless security settings. If the specified network
is not available, the G-220 v3 cannot connect to a network.
If you do not configure and activate a profile, each time you start the G-220 v3, the G-220 v3
uses the default profile to connect to any available network with security disabled.
The default profile is a profile that allows you to connect to any SSID without security.
Click the Profile tab in the ZyXEL utility program to display the Profile screen as shown next.
The profile function allows you to save the wireless network settings in this screen, or use one
of the pre-configured network profiles.
Note: The procedure to configure certain profiles is different in Windows Vista. See
Section 4.6 “Security Settings in Windows Vista” on page 71 for more
information.
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Figure 35 Station Mode: Profile
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 11 Station Mode: Profile
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Profile List
Click a column heading to sort the entries.
,
,
or
denotes that the wireless device is in infrastructure mode and the wireless
security is activated.
denotes that the wireless device is in infrastructure mode but the wireless
security is deactivated.
denotes that the wireless device is in Ad-Hoc mode and the wireless
security is activated.
denotes that the wireless device is in Ad-Hoc mode but the wireless
security is deactivated.
Profile Name
This is the name of the pre-configured profile.
SSID
This is the SSID of the wireless network to which the selected profile associate.
Connect
To use and activate a previously saved network profile, select a pre-configured
profile name in the table and click Connect.
Add
To add a new profile into the table, click Add.
Delete
To delete an existing wireless network configuration, select a profile in the table
and click Delete.
Edit
To edit an existing wireless network configuration, select a profile in the table and
click Edit.
Profile Info
The following fields display detail information of the selected profile in the Profile
List table.
Network Type
This field displays the network type (Infrastructure or Ad-Hoc) of the profile.
SSID
This field displays the SSID (Service Set IDentifier) of the profile.
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Table 11 Station Mode: Profile (continued)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Channel
This field displays the channel number used by the profile.
Security
This field shows whether data encryption is activated (WEP (WEP or 802.1x),
WPA, WPA-PSK, WPA2, WPA2-PSK) or inactive (DISABLE).
Transmission Rate This field displays the transmission speed of the selected profile in megabits per
second (Mbps).
4.4.1 Adding a New Profile
Follow the steps below to add a new profile.
• Click Add in the Profile screen. An Add New Profile screen displays as shown next.
Click Next to continue.
Figure 36 Station Mode: Profile: Add a New Profile
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 12 Station Mode: Profile: Add a New Profile
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Add New Profile
64
Profile Name
Enter a descriptive name in this field.
SSID
Select an available wireless device in the Scan Info table and click Select, or enter
the SSID of the wireless device to which you want to associate in this field
manually. Otherwise, enter Any to have the G-220 v3 associate to any AP or roam
between any infrastructure wireless networks.
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Table 12 Station Mode: Profile: Add a New Profile (continued)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Network Type
Select Infrastructure to associate to an AP. Select Ad-Hoc to associate to a peer
computer.
Next
Click Next to go to the next screen.
Exit
Click Exit to go back to the previous screen without saving.
Scan Info
This table displays the information of the available wireless networks within the
transmission range.
,
,
or
denotes that the wireless device is in infrastructure mode and the wireless
security is activated.
denotes that the wireless device is in infrastructure mode but the wireless
security is deactivated.
denotes that the wireless device is in Ad-Hoc mode and the wireless
security is activated.
denotes that the wireless device is in Ad-Hoc mode but the wireless security
is deactivated.
SSID
This field displays the SSID (Service Set IDentifier) of each AP or peer device.
Scan
Click Scan to search for available wireless devices within transmission range.
Select
Select an available wireless device in the table and click Select to add it to this
profile.
Whenever you activate this profile, the G-220 v3 associates to the selected
wireless network only.
• If you select the Infrastructure network type in the previous screen, skip to the next step.
If you select the Ad-Hoc network type in the previous screen, a screen displays as
follows. Select a channel number and wireless LAN mode and click Next to continue.
Note: To associate to an ad-hoc network, you must use the same channel as the peer
computer.
Note: At the time of writing the Ad-hoc channel and wireless mode select is not
available on Windows Vista.
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Figure 37 Station Mode: Profile: Select a Channel
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 13 Station Mode: Profile: Select a Channel
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Settings
Channel
Select a channel number from the drop-down list box. To associate to an ad-hoc
network, you must use the same channel as the peer computer.
Wireless Mode
Select Mixed Mode to have the G-220 v3 connect to either an IEEE 802.11g or
IEEE 802.11b wireless device.
Select G Only to have the G-220 v3 connect to an IEEE 802.11g wireless device
only and vice versa.
Select B Only to have the G-220 v3 connect to an IEEE 802.11b wireless device
only and vice versa.
• If you select Infrastructure network type in the first screen, select WEP, WPA, WPA2,
WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK or 802.1x from the drop-down list box to enable data
encryption. If you select Ad-Hoc network type in the first screen, you can only use WEP
encryption method. Otherwise, select DISABLE to allow the G-220 v3 to communicate
with the access points or other peer wireless computers without any data encryption.
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Figure 38 Station Mode: Profile: Wireless Settings
• The screen varies depending on the encryption method you select in the previous screen.
The settings must be exactly the same on the APs or other peer wireless computers as
they are on the G-220 v3. Refer to Section 4.3.1 on page 55 for detailed information on
wireless security configuration.
Figure 39 Station Mode: Profile: Security Settings
• This read-only screen shows a summary of the new profile settings. Verify that the
settings are correct. Click Save to save and go to the next screen. Click Back to return to
the previous screen. Otherwise, click Exit to go back to the Profile screen without saving.
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Figure 40 Station Mode: Profile: Confirm New Settings
• To use this network profile, click the Activate Now button. Otherwise, click the Activate
Later button. You can activate only one profile at a time.
Note: Once you activate a profile, the ZyXEL utility will use that profile the next time it
is started.
Figure 41 Station Mode: Profile: Activate the Profile
4.5 The Adapter Screen
To set the advanced features on the G-220 v3, click the Adapter tab.
Note: At the time of writing Transfer Rate, Preamble Types, Power Saving Mode
and WMM QoS are not available on Windows Vista.
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Figure 42 Station Mode: Adapter
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 14 Station Mode: Adapter
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Adapter Setting
Transfer Rate
In most networking scenarios, the factory default Fully Auto setting is the most
efficient and allows your G-220 v3 to operate at the highest possible transmission
(data) rate.
If you want to select a specific transmission rate, select one that the AP or peer
wireless device supports.
Note: With USB1.0/1.1, the G-220 v3 can only transmit at up to
11Mbps.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista.
Preamble Type
Preamble is used to signal that data is coming to the receiver. Select the preamble
type that the AP uses.
Short preamble increases performance as less time sending preamble means
more time for sending data. All IEEE 802.11b/g compliant wireless adapters
support Long preamble, but not all support short preamble.
Select Auto to have the G-220 v3 automatically use short preamble when all
access point or wireless stations support it; otherwise the G-220 v3 uses long
preamble.
Note: The G-220 v3 and the access point or wireless stations
MUST use the same preamble mode in order to
communicate.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista.
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Table 14 Station Mode: Adapter (continued)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Power Saving
Mode
Select Maximum Power Save or Fast Power Save to save power (especially for
notebook computers). This forces the G-220 v3 to go to sleep mode when it is not
transmitting data.
When you select Continuous Access Mode, the G-220 v3 will never go to sleep
mode.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista.
WMM QoS
WMM (Wi-Fi MultiMedia) QoS (Quality of Service) allows you to prioritize wireless
traffic according to the delivery requirements of individual services. To do this, you
must enable WMM QoS on both the AP and wireless clients.
Select this check box to enable WMM QoS on the G-220 v3.
Note: At the time of writing this field is not available on Windows
Vista.
WPS (Wi-Fi
Protected Setup)
Select this to enable Wi-fi Protected Setup on the G-220 v3.
PBC
Select this to use the PBC (Push-Button Configuration) WPS mode. When you use
the PBC mode you do not use a PIN.
PIN
Select this to use the PIN (Personal Identification Number) WPS mode. Use this
option when you want to enter the G-220 v3’s PIN in another WPS-enabled device.
The PIN will be displayed in the field on the right. Click PIN again to generate a
new PIN.
Manual Input
Select this check box to manually enter the PIN into the field on the right. This
could be a PIN from another WPS-enabled device or a PIN you will type into the
other WPS-enabled device.
Start
Click Start once you have selected the PBC or PIN settings. A screen will appear
that states the WPS is in progress. You must now start WPS on the other WPSenabled device within two minutes or the connection will time out. If the two WPS
devices connect you will receive a successful connection message.
OTIST (OneTouch Intelligent
Security
Technology)
Select this check box to enable OTIST.
Setup Key
Enter the same setup key (up to eight printable characters) as the ZyXEL AP or
wireless router to which you want to associate. The default OTIST setup key is
"01234567".
Note: If you change the OTIST setup key on the ZyXEL AP or
wireless router, you must also make the same change here.
70
Start
Click Start to encrypt the wireless security data using the setup key and have the
ZyXEL AP or wireless router set your G-220 v3 to use the same wireless settings
as the ZyXEL AP or wireless router. You must also activate and start OTIST on the
ZyXEL AP or wireless router all within three minutes.
Save
Click Save to save the changes back to the G-220 v3 and return to the Link Info
screen.
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4.6 Security Settings in Windows Vista
When you use the G-220 v3 in Windows Vista, the procedure for setting up WPA, WPA2 and
802.1x security settings is different from that of other operating systems (other security types
are not affected).
The procedures for setting up WPA, WPA2 or 802.1x in Vista are the same. However, the
procedure differs depending on whether you use PEAP (Protected Extensible Authentication
Protocol) or TLS (Transport Layer Security) encryption. Consult your network administrator
if you are unsure which type of encryption to use.
See section Section 4.6.1 “Using PEAP in Vista” on page 71 to use PEAP, or see section
Section 4.6.2 “Using TLS in Vista” on page 72 to use TLS.
4.6.1 Using PEAP in Vista
Take the following steps to set up WPA, WPA2 or 802.1x security using PEAP in Windows
Vista.
1 Either select the AP to which you want to connect in the Site Survey screen (see Section
4.3 on page 54), or configure a profile in the normal way (see Section 4.4 on page 62).
2 In the WPA, WPA2 or 802.1x security screen (see Section 4.3.1.3 on page 58 and
Section 4.3.1.4 on page 59), select PEAP as the EAP Type. Note that the Login Name
and Password fields are greyed-out (not available).
3 Click Next.
4 In the Summary screen that appears, click Save.
5 A message similar to the following appears in the bottom-right of your screen. Click the
message.
Figure 43 Vista Security: Additional Information Required
6 The Enter Credentials screen displays. Enter your User name and Password for the
network to which you want to connect.
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Figure 44 Vista Security: Enter Credentials
Note: If you are not sure what to enter, contact your network administrator.
7 Click OK. The Enter Credentials screen disappears and the G-220 v3 tries to connect
to the network. The ZyXEL utility’s Link Info screen displays, showing the connection
status (see Section 4.2 on page 52). If the Link Info screen displays an active
connection, you have successfully completed the procedure.
4.6.2 Using TLS in Vista
Take the following steps to set up WPA, WPA2 or 802.1x security using TLS in Windows
Vista.
1 Either select the AP to which you want to connect in the Site Survey screen (see Section
4.3 “The Site Survey Screen” on page 54), or configure a profile (see Section 4.4 “The
Profile Screen” on page 62) in the normal way.
2 In the WPA, WPA2 or 802.1x security screen, select TLS as the EAP Type. Note that
the Login Name and Certificate fields are greyed-out (not available).
3 Click Next.
4 In the Summary screen, click Save.
5 A message similar to the following appears in the bottom-right of your screen. Click the
message.
Figure 45 Vista Security: Additional Information Required
6 The Select Certificate screen displays. Select the certificate you want to use in order to
authenticate with the server, and enter your username.
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Figure 46 Vista Security: Select Certificate
Note: If you do not have the right certificate, or are not sure which certificate you
should use, contact your network administrator.
7 Click OK. The Select Certificate screen disappears and the G-220 v3 tries to connect to
the network. The ZyXEL utility’s Link Info screen displays, showing the connection
status (see Section 4.2 on page 52). If the Link Info screen displays an active
connection, you have successfully completed the procedure.
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CHAPTER 5
Access Point Mode
Configuration
This chapter shows you how to configure your G-220 v3 in access point mode.
5.1 Access Point Mode Introduction
To set your G-220 v3 as an Access Point (AP), select AP Mode in any utility screen (refer to
Section 1.2.4 on page 25).
In access point mode, your G-220 v3 functions as an access point. This allows you to set up
your wireless networks without using a dedicated AP.
Note: At the time of writing this function is not available on Windows Vista.
5.1.1 ZyXEL Utility Screen Summary
This section describes the ZyXEL utility screens when the G-220 v3 is in AP mode.
Figure 47 ZyXEL Utility Menu Summary: AP Mode
The following table describes the menus.
Table 15 ZyXEL Utility Menu Summary: AP Mode
TAB
DESCRIPTION
AP Mode
Link Info
Use this screen to see your current connection status, configuration and data rate
statistics.
Configuration
Use this screen to configure wireless LAN settings.
MAC Filter
Use this screen to configure which computer(s) you want access to the wireless
LAN through the G-220 v3.
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5.1.2 Additional Setup Requirements
To bridge your wired and wireless network using the G-220 v3, the following requirements
must be met:
1 The G-220 v3 must be installed on a computer connected to the wired network.
2 Either bridge the two interfaces (wireless and wired) on the computer (using the
Configuration screen of the ZyXEL utility in Windows XP) or configure network
sharing (refer to Appendix B on page 89 for an example).
3 Set the wireless station’s IP address to be dynamic if you want the wireless stations to
access the wired network or the Internet through the G-220 v3. Refer to Appendix E on
page 111 for how to configure your computer’s IP address.
5.2 The Link Info Screen
Select the AP Mode check box and wait for about five seconds to display the screen as shown.
Figure 48 Access Point Mode: Link Info
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 16 Access Point Mode: Link Info
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Status
SSID
76
This field displays the name that identifies your G-220 v3 in the wireless LAN
network.
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Table 16 Access Point Mode: Link Info (continued)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Current Channel
This field displays the radio channel the G-220 v3 is currently using.
Transmission Rate This field displays the current transmission rate of the G-220 v3 in megabits per
second (Mbps).
Security
This field shows whether data encryption is activated (WEP) or inactive
(DISABLE).
MAC
This field displays the MAC address of the G-220 v3.
Output Power
This field shows the strength of the G-220 v3’s antenna gain or transmission
power.
Association List
This table lists up to 16 wireless clients that are currently connected to the G-220
v3.
denotes a wireless client without WEP security.
denotes a wireless client with WEP security enabled.
MAC Address
This field displays the MAC addresses of a wireless client that is currently
connected to the G-220 v3.
Refresh
Click Refresh to update this screen.
5.3 The Configuration Screen
Click Configuration in the ZyXEL utility screen to display the screen as shown.
Figure 49 Access Point Mode: Configuration
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 17 Access Point Mode: Configuration
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Settings
SSID
The SSID identifies the wireless network to which a wireless station is associated.
Wireless stations associating to the access point (the G-220 v3) must have the
same SSID.
Enter a descriptive name (up to 32 printable 7-bit ASCII characters) for the
wireless LAN.
Hide SSID
Select this check box to hide the SSID so an intruder cannot obtain the SSID
through scanning using a site survey tool.
Channel
Set the operating frequency/channel depending on your geographical region.
Output Power
Set this field if you need to conserve power consumption (especially for notebook
computers). This control changes the strength of the G-220 v3’s antenna gain or
transmission power. Antenna gain, measured in dBm (decibel relative units
compared to milliwatts), is the increase in coverage. Higher antenna gain improves
the range of the signal for better communications.
Select High to set the G-220 v3’s antenna to transmit at 17-dBm.
Select Medium-High to set the G-220 v3’s antenna to transmit at 15-dBm.
Select Medium-Low to set the G-220 v3’s antenna to transmit at 13-dBm.
Select Low to set the G-220 v3’s antenna to transmit at 11-dBm. This allows for
the least power consumption.
Bridge
Select the check box and an Ethernet adapter (network interface card (NIC)) on
your computer from the drop-down list box. This allows you to connect your
wireless network to the specified wired network.
Security Settings
78
WEP
Select 64 Bits, 128 Bits or 256 Bits to activate WEP encryption and then fill in the
related fields.
Select Disable to deactivate the WEP encryption.
Authentication
Type
Select an authentication method. Choices are Auto, Shared Key and Open
System.
Refer to Section 3.2.3.1.2 on page 39 for more information.
Pass Phrase
When you select the radio button, enter a passphrase of up to 63 case-sensitive
printable characters. As you enter the passphrase, the G-220 v3 automatically
generates four different WEP key and displays it in the key field below. Refer to
Section 3.2.3.1 on page 39 for more information.
At the time of writing, you cannot use passphrase to generate 256-bit WEP keys.
Transmit Key
Select a default WEP key to use for data encryption. The key displays in the field
below.
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Table 17 Access Point Mode: Configuration (continued)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Key x (where x is a Select this option if you want to manually enter the WEP keys.
number between 1 Enter the WEP key in the field provided.
and 4)
If you select 64 Bits in the WEP field.
Enter either 10 hexadecimal digits in the range of “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” (for
example, 11AA22BB33) for HEX key type
or
Enter 5 ASCII characters (case sensitive) ranging from “a-z”, “A-Z” and “0-9”
(for example, MyKey) for ASCII key type.
If you select 128 Bits in the WEP field,
Enter either 26 hexadecimal digits in the range of “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” (for
example, 00112233445566778899AABBCC) for HEX key type
or
Enter 13 ASCII characters (case sensitive) ranging from “a-z”, “A-Z” and “0-9”
(for example, MyKey12345678) for ASCII key type.
If you select 256 Bits in the WEP field,
Enter either 58 hexadecimal digits in the range of "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" (for
example,
0000111122223333444455556666777788889999AAAABBBBCCCC000011)
for HEX key type
or
Enter 29 ASCII characters (case sensitive) ranging from "a-z", "A-Z" and "0-9"
(for example, MyKey111122223333444455556678) for ASCII key type.
Note: The values for the WEP keys must be set up exactly the
same on all wireless devices in the same wireless LAN.
ASCII WEP keys are case sensitive.
Save
Click Save to save the changes.
Cancel
Click Cancel to discard the changes.
5.4 The MAC Filter Screen
The MAC Filter screen allows you to configure the G-220 v3 to give exclusive access to
(Accept) devices or exclude devices from (Reject) connecting to the G-220 v3. The MAC
address is assigned at the factory and consists of six pairs of hexadecimal characters, for
example, 00:A0:C5:00:00:02. You need to know the MAC address of the device(s) to
configure this screen.
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Figure 50 Access Point Mode: MAC Filter
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 18 Access Point Mode: MAC Filter
80
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Filter Type
Define the filter action for the list of MAC addresses in the MAC address filter table.
Select Disable to deactivate the MAC filter feature.
Select Reject to block access to the G-220 v3, MAC addresses not listed will be
allowed to access the G-220 v3.
Select Accept to permit access to the G-220 v3, MAC addresses not listed will be
denied access to the G-220 v3.
Filter MAC
Address 1-16
Specify the MAC address(es) of the wireless station(s) that is allowed or denied
association to the G-220 v3.
Enter six pairs of hexadecimal digits (separated by colons) in the range of “A-F”,
“a-f” and “0-9” (for example, 00:A0:C5:00:00:02).
If you enter an invalid MAC address, once you click Save to save the values, a
warning screen will be displayed.
Save
Click Save to save the changes back to the G-220 v3.
Cancel
Click Cancel to discard the changes.
Chapter 5 Access Point Mode Configuration
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CHAPTER 6
Maintenance
This chapter describes how to uninstall or upgrade the ZyXEL utility.
6.1 The About Screen
The About screen displays driver and utility version numbers of the G-220 v3. To display the
) button.
screen as shown below, click the about (
Figure 51 About
The following table describes the read-only fields in this screen.
Table 19 About
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Driver Version
This field displays the version number of the G-220 v3 driver.
Utility Version
This field displays the version number of the ZyXEL utility.
6.2 Uninstalling the ZyXEL Utility
Follow the steps below to remove (or uninstall) the ZyXEL utility from your computer.
1 Click Start > Programs > ZyXEL G-220 v3 Wireless Adapter Utility > Uninstall
ZyXEL G-220 v3 Wireless Adapter Utility.
2 When prompted, click OK or Yes to remove the driver and the utility software.
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Figure 52 Uninstall: Confirm
3 Click Finish to complete uninstalling the software and restart the computer when
prompted.
Figure 53 Uninstall: Finish
6.3 Upgrading the ZyXEL Utility
Note: Before you uninstall the ZyXEL utility, take note of your current wireless
configurations.
To perform the upgrade, follow the steps below.
1 Download the latest version of the utility from the ZyXEL web site and save the file on
your computer.
2 Follow the steps in Section 6.2 on page 81 to remove the current ZyXEL utility from your
computer.
3 Restart your computer when prompted.
4 Disconnect the G-220 v3 from your computer.
5 Double-click on the setup program for the new utility to start the ZyXEL utility
installation.
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6 Insert the G-220 v3 and check the version numbers in the About screen to make sure the
new utility is installed properly.
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CHAPTER 7
Troubleshooting
This chapter covers potential problems and the possible remedies. After each problem
description, some instructions are provided to help you to diagnose and to solve the problem.
7.1 Problems Starting the ZyXEL Utility
Table 20 Troubleshooting Starting ZyXEL Utility
PROBLEM
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Cannot start the
ZyXEL Wireless
LAN utility
Make sure the G-220 v3 is properly inserted and the LED(s) is on. Refer to the
Quick Start Guide for the LED descriptions.
Use the Device Manager to check for possible hardware conflicts. Click Start,
Settings, Control Panel, System, Hardware and Device Manager. Verify the
status of the G-220 v3 under Network Adapter. (Steps may vary depending on the
version of Windows).
Install the G-220 v3 in another computer.
If the error persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this case, you should
contact your local vendor.
The ZyXEL utility
icon does not
display.
If you install the Funk Odyssey Client software on the computer, uninstall (remove)
both the Funk Odyssey Client software and ZyXEL utility, and then install the
ZyXEL utility again after restarting the computer.
7.2 Problem Connecting to an Access Point
Table 21 Troubleshooting Access Point Connection Problem
PROBLEM
CORRECTIVE ACTION
When using the
Windows XP
configuration tool,
cannot scan for or
connect to any
access points.
The G-220 v3 might still be operating in access point mode. This results when you
set the G-220 v3 to operate in access point mode using the ZyXEL utility, close the
ZyXEL utility and then use the Windows XP configuration tool.
Before you use the Windows XP configuration tool, make sure you set the G-220
v3 to operate in station mode before you close and exit the ZyXEL utility.
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7.3 Problem with the Link Quality
Table 22 Troubleshooting Link Quality
PROBLEM
CORRECTIVE ACTION
The link quality
and/or signal
strength is poor all
the time.
Search and connect to another AP with a better link quality using the Site Survey
screen.
Move your computer closer to the AP or the peer computer(s) within the
transmission range.
There may be too much radio interference (for example microwave or another AP
using the same channel) around your wireless network. Lower the output power of
each AP.
Make sure there are not too many wireless stations connected to a wireless
network.
7.4 Problems Communicating With Other Computers
Table 23 Troubleshooting Communication Problem
86
PROBLEM
CORRECTIVE ACTION
In wireless station
mode, the
computer with the
G-220 v3 installed
cannot
communicate with
the other
computer(s).
In Infrastructure Mode
• Make sure that the AP and the associated computers are turned on and
working properly.
• Make sure the G-220 v3 computer and the associated AP use the same SSID.
• Change the AP and the associated wireless clients to use another radio
channel if interference is high.
• Make sure that the computer and the AP share the same security option and
key. Verify the settings in the Profile Security Setting screen.
• If you are using WPA(2) or WPA(2)-PSK security, try changing your encryption
type from TKIP to AES or vice versa.
In Ad-Hoc (IBSS) Mode
• Verify that the peer computer(s) is turned on.
• Make sure the G-220 v3 computer and the peer computer(s) are using the
same SSID and channel.
• Make sure that the computer and the peer computer(s) share the same
security settings.
• Change the wireless clients to use another radio channel if interference is high.
In access point
mode, the wireless
station(s) cannot
associate to the G220 v3.
Verify that the computer with the G-220 v3 installed is turned on.
Make sure the wireless station(s) uses the same SSID as the G-220 v3.
Make sure the wireless station(s) uses the same security settings.
Verify that the wireless station(s) is not blocked in the MAC Filter screen.
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APPENDIX A
Product Specifications
Table 24 Product Specifications
PHYSICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL
Product Name
ZyXEL G-202 802.11g Wireless USB Adapter
Interface
USB 2.0 compatible
Standards
IEEE 802.11b
IEEE 802.11g
Network Architectures
Infrastructure
Ad-Hoc
Operating Frequencies
2.412-2.472GHz
Operating Channels
IEEE 802.11b: 11 Channels (North America and Taiwan)
IEEE 802.11g: 11 Channels (North America and Taiwan)
IEEE 802.11b: 13 Channels (Europe)
IEEE 802.11g: 13 Channels (Europe)
Data Rate
IEEE 802.11b: 11, 5.5, 2, 1Mbps
IEEE 802.11g: 54, 48, 36, 24, 18, 12, 9, 6 Mbps
Modulation
IEEE 802.11g: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (64QAM,
16QAM, QPSK and BPSK)
IEEE 802311b: PBCC, Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (CCK,
DQPSK, DBPSK).
Operating Temperature
0 ~ 50 degrees Centigrade
Storage Temperature
-30 ~ 60 degrees Centigrade
Operating Humidity
20 ~ 95% (non-condensing)
Storage Humidity
20 ~ 95% (non-condensing)
Power
IEEE 802.11g: TX: 450mA RX: 345mA
IEEE 802.11b: TX: 450mA RX: 345mA
Voltage
5V
Weight
21 g
Dimension
(W) 81 mm × (D) 27 mm × (H) 13 mm
RADIO SPECIFICATIONS
Media Access Protocol
IEEE 802.11
Frequency
2.4 ~ 2.484GHz (Industrial Scientific Medical Band)
Channels
1~11 Channels (USA, Canada and Taiwan)
1~13 Channels (Europe)
Data Rate
IEEE 802.11g (OFDM): 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 Mbps
IEEE 802.11b: 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps
Appendix A Product Specifications
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Table 24 Product Specifications (continued)
Modulation
IEEE 802.11g: 54, 48, 36, 24, 18, 12, 9, 6 Mbps (OFDM)
IEEE 802.11b: 11, 5.5 Mbps (CCK), 2 Mbps (DQPSK), 1 Mbps
(DBPSK)
Output Power
21 dBm (max.) at 11Mbps CCK, QPSK, BPSK
19 dBm (max.) at 54Mbps OFDM
RX Sensitivity
IEEE 802.11g (OFDM): 54 Mbps: < -70 dBm
IEEE 802.11b (CCK): 11 Mbps: < -85 dBm
SOFTWARE SPECIFICATIONS
88
Device Drivers
Microsoft Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows ME, Windows 2000,
Windows XP, Windows Vista
Security
64/128/256-bit WEP
WPA/WPA-PSK/WPA2/WPA2-PSK
IEEE 802.1x
Roaming
IEEE 802.11b/g compliant
Appendix A Product Specifications
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
APPENDIX B
Access Point Mode Setup Example
This example uses the network sharing feature in Windows 2000 to bridge the wired and
wireless network when you set the G-220 v3 in access point (AP) mode.
Refer to Chapter 5 on page 75 for setup methods and requirements.
Steps may vary depending on your Windows version. You may need to install additional
software in Windows 98 Second Edition and Windows ME.
Configuring the Computer on Which You Install the G-220 v3
1 Refer to Section 1.2.4 on page 25 to set the G-220 v3 to operate in AP mode.
2 Click Start, Settings, Network and Dial-up Connections (or click Start, Settings,
Control Panel and double-click Network and Dial-up Connections).
Figure 54 Windows 2000: Start
3 Right-click on the icon for your wired Ethernet adapter and click Properties.
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Figure 55 Windows 2000: Network and Dial-up Connections
4 A Properties screen displays. Click the Sharing tab and select Enable Internet
Connection Sharing for this connection. Click OK.
Figure 56 Windows 2000: Network Properties
If there is more than one network adapter on the computer, select Enable Internet
Connection Sharing for this connection and select the network adapter to which you
want to share network access.
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Figure 57 WIndows 2000: Network Properties: Select Network Adapter
5 A notice screen displays. Click Yes.
Figure 58 Windows 2000: Local Network
Configuring the Wireless Station Computer
Refer to Appendix E on page 111 for more information on how to set up the wireless station
computer(s) IP address.
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APPENDIX C
Management with Wireless Zero
Configuration
This appendix shows you how to manage your G-220 v3 using the Windows XP wireless zero
configuration tool.
Be sure you have the Windows XP service pack 2 installed on your computer. Otherwise, you
should at least have the Windows XP service pack 1 already on your computer and download
the support patch for WPA from the Microsoft web site.
Windows XP SP2 screen shots are shown unless otherwise specified. Click the help icon (
)
in most screens, move the cursor to the item that you want the information about and click to
view the help.
Activating Wireless Zero Configuration
Make sure the Use Windows to configure my wireless network settings check box is
selected in the Wireless Network Connection Properties screen. Refer to Appendix C on
page 71.
If you see the following screen, refer to article 871122 on the Microsoft web site for
information on starting WZC.
Figure 59 Windows XP SP2: WZC Not Available
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Connecting to a Wireless Network
1 Double-click the network icon for wireless connections in the system tray to open the
Wireless Network Connection Status screen.
Figure 60 Windows XP SP2: System Tray Icon
The type of the wireless network icon in Windows XP SP2 indicates the status of the G-220
v3. Refer to the following table for details.
Table 25 Windows XP SP2: System Tray Icon
ICON
DESCRIPTION
The G-220 v3 is connected to a wireless network.
The G-220 v3 is in the process of connecting to a wireless network.
The connection to a wireless network is limited because the network did not assign a
network address to the computer.
The G-220 v3 is not connected to a wireless network.
2 Windows XP SP2: In the Wireless Network Connection Status screen, click View
Wireless Networks to open the Wireless Network Connection screen.
Figure 61 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection Status
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Windows XP SP1: In the Wireless Network Connection Status screen, click Properties
and the Wireless Networks tab to open the Wireless Network Connection Properties
screen.
Figure 62 Windows XP SP1: Wireless Network Connection Status
3 Windows XP SP2: Click Refresh network list to reload and search for available wireless
devices within transmission range. Select a wireless network in the list and click Connect
to join the selected wireless network.
Figure 63 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection
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The following table describes the icons in the wireless network list.
Table 26 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection
ICON
DESCRIPTION
This denotes that wireless security is activated for the wireless network.
This denotes that this wireless network is your preferred network. Ordering your preferred
networks is important because the G-220 v3 tries to associate to the preferred network
first in the order that you specify. Refer to the section on ordering the preferred networks
for detailed information.
This denotes the signal strength of the wireless network.
Move your cursor to the icon to see details on the signal strength.
Windows XP SP1: Click Refresh to reload and search for available wireless devices
within transmission range. Select a wireless network in the Available networks list, click
Configure and set the related fields to the same security settings as the associated AP to
add the selected network into the Preferred networks table. Click OK to join the selected
wireless network. Refer to the section on security settings (discussed later) for more
information.
Figure 64 Windows XP SP1: Wireless Network Connection Properties
4 4.Windows XP SP2: If the wireless security is activated for the selected wireless network,
the Wireless Network Connection screen displays. You must set the related fields in the
Wireless Network Connection screen to the same security settings as the associated AP
and click Connect. Refer to the section about security settings for more information.
Otherwise click Cancel and connect to another wireless network without data encryption.
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If there is no security activated for the selected wireless network, a warning screen
appears. Click Connect Anyway if wireless security is not your concern.
Figure 65 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection: WEP or WPA-PSK
Figure 66
Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection: No Security
5 Verify that you have successfully connected to the selected network and check the
connection status in the wireless network list or the connection icon in the Preferred
networks or Available networks list.
The following table describes the connection icons.
Table 27 Windows XP: Wireless Networks
ICON
DESCRIPTION
This denotes the wireless network is an available wireless network.
This denotes the G-220 v3 is associated to the wireless network.
This denotes the wireless network is not available.
Security Settings
When you configure the G-220 v3 to connect to a secure network but the security settings are
not yet enabled on the G-220 v3, you will see different screens according to the authentication
and encryption methods used by the selected network.
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Association
Select a network in the Preferred networks list and click Properties to view or configure
security.
Figure 67 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Association
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 28 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Association
98
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Network name
(SSID)
This field displays the SSID (Service Set IDentifier) of each wireless network.
Network
Authentication
This field automatically shows the authentication method (Share, Open, WPA or
WPA-PSK) used by the selected network.
Data Encryption
This field automatically shows the encryption type (TKIP, WEP or Disable) used by
the selected network.
Network Key
Enter the pre-shared key or WEP key.
The values for the keys must be set up exactly the same on all wireless devices in
the same wireless LAN.
Confirm network
key
Enter the key again for confirmation.
Key index
(advanced)
Select a default WEP key to use for data encryption.
This field is available only when the network use WEP encryption method and the
The key is provided for me automatically check box is not selected.
The key is
provided for me
automatically
If this check box is selected, the wireless AP assigns the G-220 v3 a key.
Appendix C Management with Wireless Zero Configuration
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Table 28 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Association (continued)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
This is a
If this check box is selected, you are connecting to another computer directly.
computer-tocomputer (ad hoc)
network; wireless
access points are
not used
OK
Click OK to save your changes.
Cancel
Click Cancel to leave this screen without saving any changes you may have made.
Authentication
Click the Authentication tab in the Wireless (network) properties screen to display the
screen shown next. The fields on this screen are grayed out when the network is in Ad-Hoc
mode or data encryption is disabled.
Figure 68 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Authentication
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 29 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Authentication
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Enable IEEE
802.1x
authentication for
this network
This field displays whether the IEEE 802.1x authentication is active.
If the network authentication is set to Open in the previous screen, you can choose
to disable or enable this feature.
EAP Type
Select the type of EAP authentication. Options are Protected EAP (PEAP) and
Smart Card or other Certificate.
Properties
Click this button to open the properties screen and configure certificates. The
screen varies depending on what you select in the EAP type field.
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Table 29 Windows XP: Wireless (network) properties: Authentication (continued)
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Authenticate as
computer when
computer
information is
available
Select this check box to have the computer send its information to the network for
authentication when a user is not logged on.
Authenticate as
guest when user
or computer
information is
unavailable
Select this check box to have the computer access to the network as a guest when
a user is not logged on or computer information is not available.
OK
Click OK to save your changes.
Cancel
Click Cancel to leave this screen without saving any changes you may have made.
Authentication Properties
Select an EAP authentication type in the Wireless (network) properties: Authentication
screen and click the Properties button to display the following screen.
Protected EAP Properties
Figure 69 Windows XP: Protected EAP Properties
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 30 Windows XP: Protected EAP Properties
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Validate server
certificate
Select the check box to verify the certificate of the authentication server.
Connect to these
servers
Select the check box and specify a domain in the field below to have your
computer connect to a server which resides only within this domain.
Trusted Root
Certification
Authorities:
Select a trusted certification authority from the list below.
Do not prompt
user to authorize
new server or
trusted
certification
authorities.
Select this check box to verify a new authentication server or trusted CA without
prompting.
This field is available only if you installed the Windows XP server pack 2.
Select
Authentication
Method:
Select an authentication method from the drop-down list box and click Configure
to do settings.
Enable Fast
Reconnect
Select the check box to automatically reconnect to the network (without reauthentication) if the wireless connection goes down.
OK
Click OK to save your changes.
Cancel
Click Cancel to leave this screen without saving any changes you may have made.
Note: You must first have a wired connection to a network and
obtain the certificate(s) from a certificate authority (CA).
Consult your network administrator for more information.
Smart Card or other Certificate Properties
Figure 70 Windows XP: Smart Card or other Certificate Properties
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 31 Windows XP: Smart Card or other Certificate Properties
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Use my smart card Select this check box to use the smart card for authentication.
Use a certificate
on this computer
Select this check box to use a certificate on your computer for authentication.
Validate server
certificate
Select the check box to check the certificate of the authentication server.
Connect to these
servers
Select the check box and specify a domain in the field below to have your
computer connect to a server which resides only within this domain.
Trusted Root
Certification
Authorities:
Select a trusted certification authority from the list below.
View Certificate
Click this button if you want to verify the selected certificate.
Use a different
user name for the
connection:
Select the check box to use a different user name when the user name in the smart
card or certificate is not the same as the user name in the domain that you are
logged on to.
OK
Click OK to save your changes.
Cancel
Click Cancel to leave this screen without saving any changes you may have made.
Note: You must first have a wired connection to a network and
obtain the certificate(s) from a certificate authority (CA).
Consult your network administrator for more information.
Ordering the Preferred Networks
Follow the steps below to manage your preferred networks.
1 Windows XP SP2: Click Change the order of preferred networks in the Wireless
Network Connection screen (see Figure 63 on page 95). The screen displays as shown.
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Figure 71 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Networks: Preferred Networks
Windows XP SP1: In the Wireless Network Connection Status screen, click Properties
and the Wireless Networks tab to open the screen as shown.
Figure 72 Windows XP SP1: Wireless Networks: Preferred Networks
2 Whenever the G-220 v3 tries to connect to a new network, the new network is added in
the Preferred networks table automatically. Select a network and click Move up or
Move down to change it's order, click Remove to delete it or click Properties to view the
security, authentication or connection information of the selected network. Click Add to
add a preferred network into the list manually.
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APPENDIX D
Wireless Security
Types of EAP Authentication
This section discusses some popular authentication types: EAP-MD5, EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS,
PEAP and LEAP. Your wireless LAN device may not support all authentication types.
EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) is an authentication protocol that runs on top of the
IEEE 802.1x transport mechanism in order to support multiple types of user authentication. By
using EAP to interact with an EAP-compatible RADIUS server, an access point helps a
wireless station and a RADIUS server perform authentication.
The type of authentication you use depends on the RADIUS server and an intermediary AP(s)
that supports IEEE 802.1x. .
For EAP-TLS authentication type, you must first have a wired connection to the network and
obtain the certificate(s) from a certificate authority (CA). A certificate (also called digital IDs)
can be used to authenticate users and a CA issues certificates and guarantees the identity of
each certificate owner.
EAP-MD5 (Message-Digest Algorithm 5)
MD5 authentication is the simplest one-way authentication method. The authentication server
sends a challenge to the wireless station. The wireless station ‘proves’ that it knows the
password by encrypting the password with the challenge and sends back the information.
Password is not sent in plain text.
However, MD5 authentication has some weaknesses. Since the authentication server needs to
get the plaintext passwords, the passwords must be stored. Thus someone other than the
authentication server may access the password file. In addition, it is possible to impersonate an
authentication server as MD5 authentication method does not perform mutual authentication.
Finally, MD5 authentication method does not support data encryption with dynamic session
key. You must configure WEP encryption keys for data encryption.
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EAP-TLS (Transport Layer Security)
With EAP-TLS, digital certifications are needed by both the server and the wireless stations
for mutual authentication. The server presents a certificate to the client. After validating the
identity of the server, the client sends a different certificate to the server. The exchange of
certificates is done in the open before a secured tunnel is created. This makes user identity
vulnerable to passive attacks. A digital certificate is an electronic ID card that authenticates the
sender’s identity. However, to implement EAP-TLS, you need a Certificate Authority (CA) to
handle certificates, which imposes a management overhead.
EAP-TTLS (Tunneled Transport Layer Service)
EAP-TTLS is an extension of the EAP-TLS authentication that uses certificates for only the
server-side authentications to establish a secure connection. Client authentication is then done
by sending username and password through the secure connection, thus client identity is
protected. For client authentication, EAP-TTLS supports EAP methods and legacy
authentication methods such as PAP, CHAP, MS-CHAP and MS-CHAP v2.
PEAP (Protected EAP)
Like EAP-TTLS, server-side certificate authentication is used to establish a secure connection,
then use simple username and password methods through the secured connection to
authenticate the clients, thus hiding client identity. However, PEAP only supports EAP
methods, such as EAP-MD5, EAP-MSCHAPv2 and EAP-GTC (EAP-Generic Token Card),
for client authentication. EAP-GTC is implemented only by Cisco.
LEAP
LEAP (Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol) is a Cisco implementation of IEEE
802.1x.
Dynamic WEP Key Exchange
The AP maps a unique key that is generated with the RADIUS server. This key expires when
the wireless connection times out, disconnects or reauthentication times out. A new WEP key
is generated each time reauthentication is performed.
If this feature is enabled, it is not necessary to configure a default encryption key in the
Wireless screen. You may still configure and store keys here, but they will not be used while
Dynamic WEP is enabled.
Note: EAP-MD5 cannot be used with Dynamic WEP Key Exchange
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For added security, certificate-based authentications (EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS and PEAP) use
dynamic keys for data encryption. They are often deployed in corporate environments, but for
public deployment, a simple user name and password pair is more practical. The following
table is a comparison of the features of authentication types.
Table 32 Comparison of EAP Authentication Types
EAP-MD5
EAP-TLS
EAP-TTLS
PEAP
LEAP
Mutual Authentication
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Certificate – Client
No
Yes
Optional
Optional
No
Certificate – Server
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Dynamic Key Exchange
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Credential Integrity
None
Strong
Strong
Strong
Moderate
Deployment Difficulty
Easy
Hard
Moderate
Moderate
Moderate
Client Identity Protection
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
WPA and WPA2
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a subset of the IEEE 802.11i standard. WPA2 (IEEE
802.11i) is a wireless security standard that defines stronger encryption, authentication and
key management than WPA.
Key differences between WPA(2) and WEP are improved data encryption and user
authentication.
If both an AP and the wireless clients support WPA2 and you have an external RADIUS
server, use WPA2 for stronger data encryption. If you don't have an external RADIUS server,
you should use WPA2-PSK (WPA2-Pre-Shared Key) that only requires a single (identical)
password entered into each access point, wireless gateway and wireless client. As long as the
passwords match, a wireless client will be granted access to a WLAN.
If the AP or the wireless clients do not support WPA2, just use WPA or WPA-PSK depending
on whether you have an external RADIUS server or not.
Select WEP only when the AP and/or wireless clients do not support WPA or WPA2. WEP is
less secure than WPA or WPA2.
Encryption
Both WPA and WPA2 improve data encryption by using Temporal Key Integrity Protocol
(TKIP), Message Integrity Check (MIC) and IEEE 802.1x. WPA and WPA2 use Advanced
Encryption Standard (AES) in the Counter mode with Cipher block chaining Message
authentication code Protocol (CCMP) to offer stronger encryption than TKIP.
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TKIP uses 128-bit keys that are dynamically generated and distributed by the authentication
server. AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is a block cipher that uses a 256-bit
mathematical algorithm called Rijndael. They both include a per-packet key mixing function,
a Message Integrity Check (MIC) named Michael, an extended initialization vector (IV) with
sequencing rules, and a re-keying mechanism.
WPA and WPA2 regularly change and rotate the encryption keys so that the same encryption
key is never used twice.
The RADIUS server distributes a Pairwise Master Key (PMK) key to the AP that then sets up
a key hierarchy and management system, using the PMK to dynamically generate unique data
encryption keys to encrypt every data packet that is wirelessly communicated between the AP
and the wireless stations. This all happens in the background automatically.
The Message Integrity Check (MIC) is designed to prevent an attacker from capturing data
packets, altering them and resending them. The MIC provides a strong mathematical function
in which the receiver and the transmitter each compute and then compare the MIC. If they do
not match, it is assumed that the data has been tampered with and the packet is dropped.
By generating unique data encryption keys for every data packet and by creating an integrity
checking mechanism (MIC), with TKIP and AES it is more difficult to decrypt data on a Wi-Fi
network than WEP and difficult for an intruder to break into the network.
The encryption mechanisms used for WPA(2) and WPA(2)-PSK are the same. The only
difference between the two is that WPA(2)-PSK uses a simple common password, instead of
user-specific credentials. The common-password approach makes WPA(2)-PSK susceptible to
brute-force password-guessing attacks but it’s still an improvement over WEP as it employs a
consistent, single, alphanumeric password to derive a PMK which is used to generate unique
temporal encryption keys. This prevent all wireless devices sharing the same encryption keys.
(a weakness of WEP)
User Authentication
WPA and WPA2 apply IEEE 802.1x and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) to
authenticate wireless stations using an external RADIUS database. WPA2 reduces the number
of key exchange messages from six to four (CCMP 4-way handshake) and shortens the time
required to connect to a network. Other WPA2 authentication features that are different from
WPA include key caching and pre-authentication. These two features are optional and may not
be supported in all wireless devices.
Key caching allows a wireless client to store the PMK it derived through a sucessful
authentication with an AP. The wireless client uses the PMK when it tries to connect to the
same AP and does not need to go with the authentication process again.
Pre-authentication enables fast roaming by allowing the wireless client (already connecting to
an AP) to perform IEEE 802.1x authentication with another AP before connecting to it.
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WPA(2)-PSK Application Example
A WPA(2)s-PSK application looks as follows.
1 First enter identical passwords into the AP and all wireless clients. The Pre-Shared Key
(PSK) must consist of between 8 and 63 ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal characters
(including spaces and symbols).
2 The AP checks each client's password and (only) allows it to join the network if it
matches its password.
3 The AP and wireless clients use the pre-shared key to generate a common PMK.
4 The AP and wireless clients use the TKIP or AES encryption process to encrypt data
exchanged between them.
Figure 73 WPA-PSK Authentication
WPA(2) with RADIUS Application Example
You need the IP address of the RADIUS server, its port number (default is 1812), and the
RADIUS shared secret. A WPA(2) application example with an external RADIUS server
looks as follows. "A" is the RADIUS server. "DS" is the distribution system.
1 The AP passes the wireless client's authentication request to the RADIUS server.
2 The RADIUS server then checks the user's identification against its database and grants
or denies network access accordingly.
3 The RADIUS server distributes a Pairwise Master Key (PMK) key to the AP that then
sets up a key hierarchy and management system, using the pair-wise key to dynamically
generate unique data encryption keys to encrypt every data packet that is wirelessly
communicated between the AP and the wireless clients.
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Figure 74 WPA(2) with RADIUS Application Example
Security Parameters Summary
Refer to this table to see what other security parameters you should configure for each
Authentication Method/ key management protocol type. MAC address filters are not
dependent on how you configure these security features.
Table 33 Wireless Security Relational Matrix
AUTHENTICATION
ENCRYPTION ENTER
METHOD/ KEY
METHOD
MANUAL KEY
MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL
IEEE 802.1X
Open
Disable
None
No
Enable without Dynamic WEP Key
Open
Shared
110
WEP
WEP
No
Enable with Dynamic WEP Key
Yes
Enable without Dynamic WEP Key
Yes
Disable
No
Enable with Dynamic WEP Key
Yes
Enable without Dynamic WEP Key
Yes
Disable
WPA
TKIP/AES
No
Enable
WPA-PSK
TKIP/AES
Yes
Disable
WPA2
TKIP/AES
No
Enable
WPA2-PSK
TKIP/AES
Yes
Disable
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APPENDIX E
Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address
All computers must have a 10M or 100M Ethernet adapter card and TCP/IP installed.
Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP, Macintosh OS 7 and later operating systems and all versions
of UNIX/LINUX include the software components you need to install and use TCP/IP on your
computer. Windows 3.1 requires the purchase of a third-party TCP/IP application package.
TCP/IP should already be installed on computers using Windows NT/2000/XP, Macintosh OS
7 and later operating systems.
After the appropriate TCP/IP components are installed, configure the TCP/IP settings in order
to "communicate" with your network.
Windows 95/98/Me
Click Start, Settings, Control Panel and double-click the Network icon to open the Network
window
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Figure 75 WIndows 95/98/Me: Network: Configuration
Installing Components
The Network window Configuration tab displays a list of installed components. You need a
network adapter, the TCP/IP protocol and Client for Microsoft Networks.
If you need the adapter:
1 In the Network window, click Add.
2 Select Adapter and then click Add.
3 Select the manufacturer and model of your network adapter and then click OK.
If you need TCP/IP:
1 In the Network window, click Add.
2 Select Protocol and then click Add.
3 Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers.
4 Select TCP/IP from the list of network protocols and then click OK.
If you need Client for Microsoft Networks:
1 Click Add.
2 Select Client and then click Add.
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3 Select Microsoft from the list of manufacturers.
4 Select Client for Microsoft Networks from the list of network clients and then click
OK.
5 Restart your computer so the changes you made take effect.
Configuring
1 In the Network window Configuration tab, select your network adapter's TCP/IP entry
and click Properties
2 Click the IP Address tab.
•
•
If your IP address is dynamic, select Obtain an IP address
automatically.
If you have a static IP address, select Specify an IP address and type
your information into the IP Address and Subnet Mask fields.
Figure 76 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: IP Address
3 Click the DNS Configuration tab.
•
•
If you do not know your DNS information, select Disable DNS.
If you know your DNS information, select Enable DNS and type the
information in the fields below (you may not need to fill them all in).
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Figure 77 Windows 95/98/Me: TCP/IP Properties: DNS Configuration
4 Click the Gateway tab.
•
•
If you do not know your gateway’s IP address, remove previously
installed gateways.
If you have a gateway IP address, type it in the New gateway field
and click Add.
5 Click OK to save and close the TCP/IP Properties window.
6 Click OK to close the Network window. Insert the Windows CD if prompted.
7 Restart your computer when prompted.
Verifying Settings
1 Click Start and then Run.
2 In the Run window, type "winipcfg" and then click OK to open the IP Configuration
window.
3 Select your network adapter. You should see your computer's IP address, subnet mask and
default gateway.
Windows 2000/NT/XP
1 For Windows XP, click start, Control Panel. In Windows 2000/NT, click Start,
Settings, Control Panel.
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Figure 78 Windows XP: Start Menu
2 For Windows XP, click Network Connections. For Windows 2000/NT, click Network
and Dial-up Connections.
Figure 79 Windows XP: Control Panel
3 Right-click Local Area Connection and then click Properties.
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Figure 80 Windows XP: Control Panel: Network Connections: Properties
4 Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (under the General tab in Win XP) and click
Properties.
Figure 81 Windows XP: Local Area Connection Properties
5 The Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window opens (the General tab in Windows
XP).
•
116
If you have a dynamic IP address click Obtain an IP address
automatically.
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•
If you have a static IP address click Use the following IP Address
and fill in the IP address, Subnet mask, and Default gateway fields.
Click Advanced.
Figure 82 Windows XP: Advanced TCP/IP Settings
6 If you do not know your gateway's IP address, remove any previously installed gateways
in the IP Settings tab and click OK.
Do one or more of the following if you want to configure additional IP addresses:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
In the IP Settings tab, in IP addresses, click Add.
In TCP/IP Address, type an IP address in IP address and a subnet
mask in Subnet mask, and then click Add.
Repeat the above two steps for each IP address you want to add.
Configure additional default gateways in the IP Settings tab by
clicking Add in Default gateways.
In TCP/IP Gateway Address, type the IP address of the default
gateway in Gateway. To manually configure a default metric (the
number of transmission hops), clear the Automatic metric check box
and type a metric in Metric.
Click Add.
Repeat the previous three steps for each default gateway you want to
add.
Click OK when finished.
7 In the Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window (the General tab in Windows XP):
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•
•
Click Obtain DNS server address automatically if you do not know
your DNS server IP address(es).
If you know your DNS server IP address(es), click Use the following
DNS server addresses, and type them in the Preferred DNS server
and Alternate DNS server fields.
If you have previously configured DNS servers, click Advanced and
then the DNS tab to order them.
Figure 83 Windows XP: Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties
8 Click OK to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window.
9 Click OK to close the Local Area Connection Properties window.
10Restart your computer (if prompted).
Verifying Settings
1 Click Start, All Programs, Accessories and then Command Prompt.
2 In the Command Prompt window, type "ipconfig" and then press [ENTER]. You can
also open Network Connections, right-click a network connection, click Status and then
click the Support tab.
Macintosh OS 8/9
1 Click the Apple menu, Control Panel and double-click TCP/IP to open the TCP/IP
Control Panel.
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Figure 84 Macintosh OS 8/9: Apple Menu
2 Select Ethernet built-in from the Connect via list.
Figure 85 Macintosh OS 8/9: TCP/IP
3 For dynamically assigned settings, select Using DHCP Server from the Configure: list.
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4 For statically assigned settings, do the following:
•
•
•
•
From the Configure box, select Manually.
Type your IP address in the IP Address box.
Type your subnet mask in the Subnet mask box.
Type the IP address of your gateway in the Router address box if
you have one.
5 Close the TCP/IP Control Panel.
6 Click Save if prompted, to save changes to your configuration.
7 Restart your computer (if prompted).
Verifying Settings
Check your TCP/IP properties in the TCP/IP Control Panel window.
Macintosh OS X
1 Click the Apple menu, and click System Preferences to open the System Preferences
window.
Figure 86 Macintosh OS X: Apple Menu
2 Click Network in the icon bar.
•
•
•
Select Automatic from the Location list.
Select Built-in Ethernet from the Show list.
Click the TCP/IP tab.
3 For dynamically assigned settings, select Using DHCP from the Configure list.
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Figure 87 Macintosh OS X: Network
4 For statically assigned settings, do the following:
•
•
•
•
From the Configure box, select Manually.
Type your IP address in the IP Address box.
Type your subnet mask in the Subnet mask box.
Type the IP address of your gateway in the Router address box if
you have one.
5 Click Apply Now and close the window.
6 Restart your computer (if prompted).
Verifying Settings
Check your TCP/IP properties in the Network window.
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ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
Index
A
About 81
about your ZyXEL G-220 v2 23
access point 37
access point (AP) 23
Access point mode 25, 34
access point mode 25, 52, 75
additional setup requirements 76
configuration 25, 75
access point. See also AP.
activating a profile 68
Adapter 68
Ad-Hoc 24, 65
Advanced Encryption Standard 40, 107
advanced settings 68
antenna gain 78
antenna output power 77
antenna power output 87
AP 37
AP. See also access point.
authentication method
auto 40
open system 39
shared key 40
auto authentication 40
C
credentials 71
current configuration 52
current connection status 52
current status 76
Customer Support 11
D
data encryption 55
dBm 78
Disclaimer 7
driver version 81
Dynamic WEP Key Exchange 106
E
EAP Authentication 40
EAP type 71
Enabling OTIST 47
Encryption 107
Encryption Type 39
F
FCC 8
CA 106
Certificate Authority 106
Certifications
viewing 9
certifications
notices 9
channel 53, 55, 65, 87
Configuration 78
configuration method 26
important note 26
Odyssey Client Manager 26
Wireless Zero Configuration (WZC) 26
ZyXEL Utility 26
Copyright 7
creating a new profile 64
Index
G
getting started 23
graphics icons key 5
H
hardware connections 26
Hide SSID 78
123
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
I
IEEE 802.1x 40, 59, 71
Infrastructure 23
initialization vector (IV) 108
Interference Statement 8
L
link information 52, 76
M
MAC Filter 79
MAC Filter action 80
Message Integrity Check (MIC) 40, 107
N
network type 52
O
Odyssey Client Manager 26
One-Touch Intelligent Security Technology 47
open system authentication 39
OTIST Introduction 47
output power 78
P
PA2-PSK 57
Pairwise Master Key (PMK) 108
passphrase 39, 56
password phrase 39
PEAP 71
Power Saving Mode 70
product specifications 87
profile 52, 63
activation 68
124
add new 63, 64
delete 63
edit 63
information 63
Q
Quick Start Guide 3, 26
R
radio interference 86
real-time data traffic statistics 53
Related Documentation 3
S
safety warnings 6
save power 70, 78
Scan Info 65
security 39, 77, 88
data encryption 39
Security Parameters 110
security setting 78
security settings and Vista 71
Setup Key 47
shared key authentication 40
signal strength 55
site survey 54
scan 55
security settings 55
sleep mode 70
SSID 52, 55, 76, 78
Starting OTIST 49
statistics 53
support CD 3
syntax conventions 4
T
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) 40, 107
The 71
TLS 71, 72
Index
ZyXEL G-220 v3 User’s Guide
Trademarks 7
transmission rate 52, 64, 77, 87
transmit key 56
Trend Chart 53
troubleshooting 85
AP connection 85
link status 86
network communication 86
starting ZyXEL Utility 85
TTLS 71
U
uninstalling ZyXEL Utility 81
upgrading ZyXEL Utility 82
important step 82
User Authentication 108
user authentication 39
V
Security parameters 110
WMM (Wi-Fi MultiMedia) 70
WPA 40, 58, 71, 107
WPA2 40, 58, 71, 107
WPA2-Pre-Shared Key 40, 107
WPA2-PSK 40, 107
WPA-PSK 41, 57, 107
WPS 41
WZC (Wireless Zero Configuration) 26
Z
ZyXEL G-220 v2 Modes 25
ZyXEL Limited Warranty
Note 10
ZyXEL Utility 26
accessing 27
help 27
opening 27
system tray icon 26
upgrade 82
version 81
Vista 71, 72
voltage 87
W
WEP 39, 56, 78
manual setup 39, 57, 79
passphrase 39, 56, 78
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) 39
WEP Encryption 56
Wi-Fi Protected Access 40, 107
WiFi Protected Setup 41
Windows 71
Windows Vista 23, 71
Windows XP 26
wireless client 37
wireless LAN
introduction 37
security 38
Wireless LAN (WLAN) 37
wireless network 37
wireless standard 53, 87
wireless station mode 52
configuration 51
WLAN
Index
125