Renesas SuperH HS7710KCM02HE User`s manual

REJ10B0186-0100
SuperHTM Family E10A Emulator
Additional Document for User’s Manual
Specific Guide for the SH7710 E10A Emulator
Renesas Microcomputer Development Environment System
SuperH Family / SH7700 Series
SH7710 E10A HS7710KCM02HE
Rev.1.00
Revision Date: Mar. 01, 2005
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Contents
Section 1 Connecting the Emulator with the User System ................................1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
Components of the Emulator ............................................................................................ 1
Connecting the Emulator with the User System ............................................................... 3
Installing the H-UDI Port Connector on the User System ................................................ 4
Pin Assignments of the H-UDI Port Connector ................................................................ 4
Recommended Circuit between the H-UDI Port Connector and the MPU....................... 7
1.5.1 Recommended Circuit (36-Pin Type) .................................................................. 7
1.5.2 Recommended Circuit (14-Pin Type) .................................................................. 10
Section 2 Specifications of the SH7710 E10A Emulator’s Software ................13
2.1
2.2
Differences between the SH7710 and the Emulator ......................................................... 13
Specific Functions for the SH7710 E10A Emulator ......................................................... 17
2.2.1 Emulator Driver Selection ................................................................................... 17
2.2.2 Break Condition Functions .................................................................................. 18
2.2.3 Trace Functions.................................................................................................... 19
2.2.4 Notes on Using the JTAG Clock (TCK) and AUD Clock (AUDCK) ................. 25
2.2.5 Notes on Setting the [Breakpoint] Dialog Box .................................................... 25
2.2.6 Notes on Setting the [Break Condition] Dialog Box and
the BREAKCONDITION_ SET Command ........................................................ 27
2.2.7 Note on Setting the UBC_MODE Command ...................................................... 28
2.2.8 Performance Measurement Function ................................................................... 28
i
ii
Section 1 Connecting the Emulator with the User System
1.1
Components of the Emulator
The SH7710 E10A emulator supports the SH7710. Table 1.1 lists the components of the
emulator.
Table 1.1 Components of the Emulator (HS7710KCM01H, HS7710KCM02H,
HS7710KCI01H, or HS7710KCI02H)
Classification Component
Hardware
Card emulator
Appearance
Insert
PC Card Emulator
H-UDI Micro Computer
Development System
PC
Card
Quantity
1
HITACHI
(PCMCIA)
Remarks
HS7710KCM01H
(PCMCIA: 14-pin type):
Depth: 85.6 mm, Width: 54.0 mm,
Height: 5.0 mm, Mass: 27.0 g
HS7710KCM02H
(PCMCIA: 36-pin type):
Depth: 85.6 mm, Width: 54.0 mm,
Height: 5.0 mm, Mass: 28.0 g
or
HS7710KCI01H
(PCI: 14-pin type):
Depth: 144.0 mm, Width: 105.0
mm, Mass: 93.0 g
(PCI)
HS7710KCI02H
(PCI: 36-pin type):
Depth: 122.0 mm, Width: 96.0
mm, Mass: 90.0 g
User system interface
cable
1
HS7710KCM01H
(PCMCIA: 14-pin type):
Length: 80 cm, Mass: 45.0 g
HS7710KCM02H
(PCMCIA: 36-pin type):
Length: 30 cm, Mass: 55.0 g
HS7710KCI01H
(PCI: 14-pin type):
Length: 150 cm, Mass: 86.0 g
HS7710KCI02H
(PCI: 36-pin type):
Length: 80 cm, Mass: 69.0 g
1
Table 1.1 Components of the Emulator (HS7710KCM01H, HS7710KCM02H,
HS7710KCI01H, or HS7710KCI02H) (cont)
Classification Component
Appearance
Quantity
Remarks
Hardware
Ferrite core
(connected with the
user interface cable)
1
Countermeasure for EMI*
(only for HS7710KCM02H and
HS7710KCI02H)
Software
SH7710 E10A
emulator setup
program,
TM
SuperH Family
E10A Emulator User’s
Manual, and
Specific Guide for the
SH7710 E10A
Emulator
1
HS7710KCM01SR,
HS0005KCM01HJ,
HS0005KCM01HE,
HS7710KCM02HJ, and
HS7710KCM02HE
(provided on a CD-R)
Note: The EMI is an abbreviation of the Electrical Magnetic Interference.
For EMI countermeasure, use the ferrite core by connecting the user interface cable.
When the user interface cable is connected with the emulator or user system, connect the ferrite
core in the user system as shown in figure 1.1.
Host computer (PC with PC card slot)
User system
E10A emulator
Insert
PC Card Emulator
H-UDI Micro Computer
Development System
PC
Card
HITACHI
User system connector
Ferrite core
PC card slot
User interface cable
Figure 1.1 Connecting Ferrite Core
2
1.2
Connecting the Emulator with the User System
To connect the E10A emulator (hereinafter referred to as the emulator), the H-UDI port connector
must be installed on the user system to connect the user system interface cable. When designing
the user system, refer to an example of recommended connection between the connector and the
MPU shown in this manual. In addition, read the E10A emulator user's manual and hardware
manual for the related device.
Table 1.2 shows the type number of the emulator, the corresponding connector type, and the use of
AUD function.
Table 1.2 Type Number, AUD Function, and Connector Type
Type Number
Connector
AUD Function
HS7710KCM02H, HS7710KCI02H
36-pin connector
Available
HS7710KCM01H, HS7710KCI01H
14-pin connector
Not available
The H-UDI port connector has the 36-pin and 14-pin types as described below. Use them
according to the purpose of the usage.
1. 36-pin type (with AUD function)
The AUD trace function is supported. A large amount of trace information can be acquired in
realtime. The window trace function is also supported for acquiring memory access in the
specified range (memory access address or memory access data) by tracing.
2. 14-pin type (without AUD function)
The AUD trace function cannot be used because only the H-UDI function is supported. For
tracing, only the internal trace function is supported. Since the 14-pin type connector is
smaller than the 36-pin type (1/2.5), the area where the connector is installed on the user
system can be reduced.
3
1.3
Installing the H-UDI Port Connector on the User System
Table 1.3 shows the recommended H-UDI port connectors for the emulator.
Table 1.3 Recommended H-UDI Port Connectors
Connector
Type Number
Manufacturer
Specifications
36-pin connector
DX10M-36S
Hirose Electric Co., Ltd.
Screw type
DX10M-36SE,
DX10G1M-36SE
14-pin connector
2514-6002
Lock-pin type
Minnesota Mining &
Manufacturing Ltd.
14-pin straight type
Note: When designing the 36-pin connector layout on the user board, do not connect any
components under the H-UDI connector. When designing the 14-pin connector layout on
the user board, do not place any components within 3 mm of the H-UDI port connector.
1.4
Pin Assignments of the H-UDI Port Connector
Figures 1.2 and 1.3 show the pin assignments of the 36-pin and 14-pin H-UDI port connectors,
respectively.
Note: Note that the pin number assignments of the H-UDI port connector shown below differ
from those of the connector manufacturer.
4
Pin
No.
Signal
Input/
SH7710
Output *1 Pin No. Note
Pin
No.
Signal
1
AUDCK
Output
19
TMS
2
GND
20
GND
3
AUDATA0
21*2
/TRST
4
GND
5
AUDATA1
6
GND
7
AUDATA2
8
GND
9
AUDATA3
10
GND
11*2
/AUDSYNC
12
GND
30
13
NC
31*2 /RESETP
14
GND
32
15
NC
33*3 GND
16
GND
34
GND
17
TCK
35
NC
18
GND
36
GND
Output
205
213
Input/
Output *1
SH7710
Pin No.
Input
199
Input
201
Input
198
Output
200
27 *2 /ASEBRKAK Output
203
Note
22 *5 (GND)
Output
Output
Output
212
211
210
23
TDI
24
GND
25
TDO
26
GND
GND
28
Output
Input
204
29
202
*4
Output
UVCC
GND
Output
215
User reset
GND
Output
Notes: 1. Input to or output from the user system.
2. The slash (/) means that the signal is active-low.
3. The emulator monitors the GND signal of the user system and detects
whether or not the user system is connected.
H-UDI port connector (top view)
Edge of the board
(connected to the connector)
φ 0.7+0.1
0
36
1
3
9.0
1.905
1.1
4.5
2
φ 2.8+0.2
0
4
(Pin 1 mark)
35
1.27
4.09
M2.6 x 0.45
H-UDI port connector (front view)
4.8
H-UDI port connector (top view)
3.9
37.61
43.51
: Pattern inhibited area
0.3
9.0
21.59
Unit: mm
Figure 1.2 Pin Assignments of the H-UDI Port Connector (36 Pins)
5
SH7710
Pin No.
Signal
Input/
Output*1
1
TCK
Input
202
2
/TRST
Input
201
3
TDO
Output
200
4
/ASEBRKAK
Output
203
5
TMS
Input
199
6
TDI
Input
198
7
/RESETP
I/O
215
8
N.C.
9
(GND)
*5
11
UVCC
*4
Output
10, 12,
GND
*3
Output
Pin No.
*2
*2
*2
Note
User reset
and 13
14
GND
Notes: 1. Input to or output from the user system.
2. The slash (/) means that the signal is active-low.
3. The emulator monitors the GND signal of the user
system and detects whether or not the user system
is connected.
Pin 1 mark
H-UDI port connector (top view)
25.0
23.0
6 x 2.54 = 15.24
(2.54)
H-UDI port connector
(top view)
Pin 8
Pin 1
Pin 14
Pin 7
0.45
Pin 1 mark
Unit: mm
Figure 1.3 Pin Assignments of the H-UDI Port Connector (14 Pins)
6
1.5
Recommended Circuit between the H-UDI Port Connector and the
MPU
1.5.1
Recommended Circuit (36-Pin Type)
Figure 1.5 shows a recommended circuit between the H-UDI port connector (36 pins) and the
MPU.
Notes: 1. Do not connect anything to the N.C. pins of the H-UDI port connector.
2. The processing of the /ASEMD0 pin differs depending on whether the emulator is used
or not. As the emulator does not control this pin, it must be controlled by a switch on
the board.
(1)
When the emulator is used: /ASEMD0 = low
(2)
When the emulator is not used: /ASEMD0 = high
3. The reset signal in the user system is input to the /RESETP pin (pin 215) of the MPU.
Connect this signal to the H-UDI port connector as the output from the user system.
4. When a network resistance is used for pull-up, it may be affected by a noise. Separate
TCK from other resistances.
5. The pattern between the H-UDI connector and the MPU must be as short as possible.
Do not connect the signal lines to other components on the board.
6. When the power of the emulator is turned on (make sure that the emulator is inserted
into the host computer and the power supply is turned on), and the target system (such
as the system mounting the target device) is connected to the emulator (the power
supply of the board is turned off), the power-supply voltage of the target device (target
system) may become higher around 1.2 V to 1.4 V than the normal voltage due to the
leakage current from the emulator. This is because TMS and TRST are driven to high
by the emulator; the leakage current occurs from a TMS line before starting the
emulator software (HDI or HEW), and from TMS and TRST lines through the CPU
TM
after starting the emulator software. This phenomenon only occurs in the SuperH
family E10A emulator.
Although the CPU will not be degraded or damaged, a power-on reset may be disabled.
The power-supply voltage raised by the leakage current can be reduced to 0.2 V by
inserting a diode in the output pins (TMS and TRST) of the emulator. For the type
(type number) and the inserting direction of the diode, see figure 1.4.
7
E10A
CPU
3.3 V
4.7 kΩ
TMS, TRST
Diode equivalent to
1SS106*
Note: Schottky-barrier diode
Figure 1.4 Countermeasure against the Leakage Current in the Emulator
The result above differs depending on the circuit and can only be used as a reference.
7. The resistance values shown in figure 1.5 are recommended.
8. For the pin processing in cases where the emulator is not used, refer to the hardware
manual of the related device.
9. For the AUDCK pin, guard the pattern between the H-UDI port connector and the
MPU at GND level.
8
VccQ (3.3 V)
H-UDI port connector
(36-pin type)
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
AUDCK
AUDATA0
AUDATA1
AUDATA2
AUDATA3
GND AUDSYNC
GND
N.C.
GND
N.C.
GND
TCK
GND
GND
GND
GND
TMS
TRST
TDI
TDO
GND ASEBRKAK
GND
N.C.
GND
RESET
GND
GND
GND
N.C.
VccQ (3.3 V)
4.7 kΩ
SH7710
4.7 kΩ
1
AUDCK
3
AUDATA0
5
AUDATA1
7
AUDATA2
9
AUDATA3
11
AUDSYNC
13
15
17
TCK
19
TMS
21
TRST
23
TDI
25
TDO
27
ASEBRKAK
29
31
RESETP
33
35
ASEMD0
Reset signal
1 kΩ
Figure 1.5 Recommended Circuit for Connection between the H-UDI Port Connector and
MPU (36-Pin Type)
9
1.5.2
Recommended Circuit (14-Pin Type)
Figure 1.7 shows a recommended circuit between the H-UDI port connector and the MPU.
Notes: 1. Do not connect anything to the N.C. pins of the H-UDI port connector.
10
2.
The processing of the /ASEMD0 pin differs depending on whether the emulator is
used or not. As the emulator does not control this pin, it must be controlled by a
switch on the board.
(1) When the emulator is used: /ASEMD0 = low
(2) When the emulator is not used: /ASEMD0 = high
3.
The reset signal in the user system is input to the /RESETP pin (pin 215) of the MPU.
Connect this signal to the H-UDI port connector as the output from the user system.
4.
When a network resistance is used for pull-up, it may be affected by a noise. Separate
TCK from other resistances.
5.
The pattern between the H-UDI connector and the MPU must be as short as possible.
Do not connect the signal lines to other components on the board.
6.
When the power of the emulator is turned on (make sure that the emulator is inserted
into the host computer and the power supply is turned on), and the target system (such
as the system mounting the target device) is connected to the emulator (the power
supply of the board is turned off), the power-supply voltage of the target device (target
system) may become higher around 1.2 V to 1.4 V than the normal voltage due to the
leakage current from the emulator. This is because TMS and TRST are driven to high
by the emulator; the leakage current occurs from a TMS line before starting the
emulator software (HDI or HEW), and from TMS and TRST lines through the CPU
TM
after starting the emulator software. This phenomenon only occurs in the SuperH
family E10A emulator.
Although the CPU will not be degraded or damaged, a power-on reset may be
disabled. The power-supply voltage raised by the leakage current can be reduced to
0.2 V by inserting a diode in the output pins (TMS and TRST) of the emulator. For the
type (type number) and the inserting direction of the diode, see figure 1.6.
E10A
CPU
3.3 V
4.7 kΩ
TMS, TRST
Diode equivalent to
1SS106*
Note: Schottky-barrier diode
Figure 1.6 Countermeasure against the Leakage Current in the Emulator
The result above differs depending on the circuit and can only be used as a reference.
7.
The resistance values shown in figure 1.7 are recommended.
8.
For the pin processing in cases where the emulator is not used, refer to the hardware
manual of the related device.
VccQ (3.3 V)
VccQ (3.3 V)
4.7 kΩ
H-UDI port connector
(14-pin type)
8
9
10
GND
GND
GND
TCK
TRST
TDI
4.7 kΩ
SH7710
1
TCK
2
TRST
3
TDO
11 N.C. ASEBRKAK 4
5
12
GND
13
14
GND
GND
ASEBRKAK
TMS
TMS
TDO
RESET
6
TDI
7
RESETP
Reset signal
1 kΩ
ASEMD0
Figure 1.7 Recommended Circuit for Connection between the H-UDI Port Connector and
MPU (14-Pin Type)
11
12
Section 2 Specifications of the SH7710 E10A Emulator’s
Software
2.1
Differences between the SH7710 and the Emulator
1. When the emulator system is initiated, it initializes the general registers and part of the control
registers as shown in table 2.1. The initial values of the actual SH7710 registers are undefined.
Table 2.1 Register Initial Values at Emulator Link Up
Register
Emulator at Link Up
R0 to R14
H'00000000
R15 (SP)
H'A0000000
R0_BANK to R7_BANK
H'00000000
PC
H'A0000000
SR
H'700000F0
GBR
H'00000000
VBR
H'00000000
MACH
H'00000000
MACL
H'00000000
PR
H'00000000
SPC
H'00000000
SSR
H'000000F0
RS
H'00000000
RE
H'00000000
MOD
H'00000000
A0G, A1G
H'00000000
A0, A1
H'00000000
X0, X1
H'00000000
Y0, Y1
H'00000000
M0, M1
H'00000000
DSR
H'00000000
2. The emulator uses the H-UDI; do not access the H-UDI.
13
3. Low-Power States (Sleep, Software Standby, and Module Standby)
For low-power consumption, the SH7710 has sleep, software standby, and module standby
states.
The sleep, software standby, and module standby states are switched using the SLEEP
instruction. When the emulator is used, only the sleep state can be cleared with either the
normal clearing function or with the [STOP] button, and a break will occur.
Note: The memory must not be accessed or modified in sleep state.
4. Reset Signals
The SH7710 reset signals are only valid during emulation started with clicking the GO or
STEP-type button. If these signals are enabled on the user system in command input wait
state, they are not sent to the SH7710.
Note: Do not break the user program when the /RESETP, /BREQ, or /WAIT signal is being low.
A TIMEOUT error will occur. If the /WAIT signal is fixed to low during break, a
TIMEOUT error will occur at memory access.
5. Direct Memory Access Controller (DMAC)
The DMAC operates even when the emulator is used. When a data transfer request is
generated, the DMAC executes DMA transfer.
6. Memory Access during User Program Execution
When a memory is accessed from the memory window, etc. during user program execution,
the user program is resumed after it has stopped in the E10A emulator to access the memory.
Therefore, realtime emulation cannot be performed.
The stopping time of the user program is as follows:
Environment:
®
Host computer: 650 MHz (Pentium III)
SH7710: 60 MHz (CPU clock)
JTAG clock: 3.75 MHz
When a one-byte memory is read from the command-line window, the stopping time will be
about 20 ms.
7. Memory Access during User Program Break
The emulator can download the program for the flash memory area (refer to section 6.22,
TM
Download Function to the Flash Memory Area, in the Debugger Part of the SuperH Family
E10A Emulator User’s Manual). Other memory write operations are enabled for the RAM
area. Therefore, an operation such as memory write or BREAKPOINT should be set only for
the RAM area.
14
8. Cache Operation during User Program Break
When cache is enabled, the emulator accesses the memory by the following methods:
 At memory write: Writes through the cache, then writes to the memory.
 At memory read: Does not change the cache write mode that has been set.
Therefore, when memory read or write is performed during user program break, the cache state
will be changed.
9. UBC
When [User] is specified in the [UBC mode] list box in the [Configuration] dialog box, the
UBC can be used in the user program.
Do not use the UBC in the user program as it is used by the emulator when [EML] is specified
in the [UBC mode] list box in the [Configuration] dialog box.
10. Memory Access during Break
In the enabled MMU, when a memory is accessed and a TLB error occurs during break, it can
be selected whether the TLB exception is controlled or the program jumps to the user
exception handler in [TLB Mode] in the [Configuration] dialog box. When [TLB miss
exception is enable] is selected, a Communication Timeout error will occur if the TLB
exception handler does not operate correctly. When [TLB miss exception is disable] is
selected, the program does not jump to the TLB exception handler even if a TLB exception
occurs. Therefore, if the TLB exception handler does not operate correctly, a Communication
Timeout error will not occur but the memory contents may not be correctly displayed.
11. Loading Sessions
Information in [JTAG clock] of the [Configuration] dialog box cannot be recovered by loading
sessions. Thus the TCK value will be as follows:
 When HS7710KCI01H or HS7710KCI02H is used: TCK = 4.125 MHz
 When HS7710KCM01H or HS7710KCM02H is used: TCK = 3.75 MHz
12. [IO] Window
 Display and modification
Do not change values of the User Break Controller because it is used by the emulator.
For each watchdog timer register, there are two registers to be separately used for write and
read operations.
15
Table 2.2 Watchdog Timer Register
Register Name
Usage
Register
WTCSR(W)
Write
Watchdog timer control/status register
WTCNT(W)
Write
Watchdog timer counter
WTCSR(R)
Read
Watchdog timer control/status register
WTCNT(R)
Read
Watchdog timer counter
 The watchdog timer operates only when the user program is executed. Do not change the
value of the frequency change register in the [IO] window or [Memory] window.
 The internal I/O registers can be accessed from the [IO] window. However, note the
following when accessing the SDMR register of the bus-state controller. Before accessing
the SDMR register, specify addresses to be accessed in the I/O-register definition file
(SH7710.IO) and then activate the HEW. After the I/O-register file is created, the MPU’s
specification may be changed. If each I/O register in the I/O-register definition file differs
from addresses described in the hardware manual, change the I/O-register definition file
according to the description in the hardware manual. The I/O-register definition file can be
customized depending on its format. Note that, however, the E10A emulator does not
support the bit-field function.
 Verify
In the [IO] window, the verify function of the input value is disabled.
13. Illegal Instructions
If illegal instructions are executed by STEP-type commands, the emulator cannot go to the
next program counter.
16
2.2
Specific Functions for the SH7710 E10A Emulator
2.2.1
Emulator Driver Selection
Table 2.3 shows drivers which are selected in the [E10A Driver Details] dialog box.
Table 2.3 Type Number and Driver
Type Number
Driver
HS7710KCM01H
E10A PC Card Driver 3
HS7710KCM02H
E10A PC Card Driver 4
HS7710KCI01H
E10A PCI Card Driver 3
HS7710KCI02H
E10A PCI Card Driver 4
17
2.2.2
Break Condition Functions
In addition to BREAKPOINT functions, the emulator has Break Condition functions. Three types
of conditions can be set under Break Condition 1, 2, 3. Table 2.4 lists these conditions of Break
Condition.
Table 2.4 Types of Break Conditions
Break Condition Type
Description
Address bus condition (Address)
Breaks when the SH7710 address bus value or the program
counter value matches the specified value.
Data bus condition (Data)
Breaks when the SH7710 data bus value matches the
specified value. Byte, word, or longword can be specified as
the access data size.
X-Bus or Y-Bus condition (Address
and data)
Breaks when the X-Bus or Y-Bus address bus or data bus
matches the specified value.
Bus state condition
(Bus State)
There are two bus state condition settings:
Read/Write condition: Breaks when the SH7710 RD or
RDWR signal level matches the specified condition.
Bus state condition: Breaks when the operating state in an
SH7710 bus cycle matches the specified condition.
Types of buses that can be specified are listed below.
•
L-bus (CPU-ALL): Indicates an instruction fetch and data
access, including a hit to the cache memory.
•
L-bus (CPU-Data): Indicates a data access by the CPU,
including a hit to the cache memory.
•
I-bus (CPU.DMA): Indicates a CPU cycle when the
cache memory is not hit, and a data access by the
DMA.
Internal I/O break condition
Breaks when the SH7710 accesses the internal I/O.
LDTLB instruction break condition
Breaks when the SH7710 executes the LDTLB instruction.
Count
Breaks when the conditions set are satisfied the specified
number of times.
Note: When X/Y-RAM is accessed from the P0 space, the I-bus must be selected, and when
accessed from the P2 space, the L-bus must be selected. When cache fill cycle is acquired,
the I-bus must be selected.
18
Table 2.5 lists the combinations of conditions that can be set under Break Condition 1, 2, 3.
Table 2.5 Dialog Boxes for Setting Break Conditions
Type
Dialog Box
Address
Bus
Condition
(Address)
Data
Bus
ASID
Condition Condition
(Data)
(ASID)
Bus
State
Condition Count
Internal LDTLB
(Bus
Condition I/O
Instruction
Status)
(Count)
Break Break
[Break Condition 1]
dialog box
O
O
O
O
O
X
X
[Break Condition 2]
dialog box
O
X
O
O
X
X
X
[Break Condition 3]
dialog box
X
X
X
X
X
O
O
Notes: 1. O: Can be set in the dialog box.
X: Cannot be set in the dialog box.
2. For Break Condition 2, X-bus and Y-bus conditions cannot be specified.
2.2.3
Trace Functions
The SH7710 E10A emulator supports the trace functions listed in table 2.6.
Table 2.6 Trace Functions
Function
Internal Trace
AUD Trace
Branch trace
Supported (eight branches)
Supported
Range memory access trace
Not supported
Supported
Software trace
Not supported
Supported
Table 2.7 shows the type numbers that the AUD function can be used.
Table 2.7 Type Number and AUD Function
Type Number
AUD Function
HS7710KCM01H, HS7710KCI01H
Not supported
HS7710KCM02H, HS7710KCI02H
Supported
19
AUD Trace Functions: This function is operational when the AUD pin of the device is
connected to the emulator. Table 2.8 shows the AUD trace acquisition mode that can be set in
each trace function.
Table 2.8 AUD Trace Acquisition Mode
Type
Mode
Description
Continuous
trace occurs
Realtime trace
When the next branch occurs while the trace information is
being output, the trace information being output is output but
the next trace information is not output. The user program
can be executed in realtime, but some trace information may
be lost.
Non realtime trace
When the next branch occurs while the trace information is
being output, the CPU stops operations until the information
is output. The user program is not executed in realtime.
Trace continue
This function overwrites the oldest trace information to store
the latest trace information.
Trace stop
After the trace buffer becomes full, the trace information is no
longer acquired. (The user program is continuously
executed.)
Trace buffer
full
20
To set the AUD trace acquisition mode, click the [Trace] window with the right mouse button and
select [Setting] from the pop-up menu to display the [Acquisition] dialog box. The AUD trace
acquisition mode can be set in the [AUD mode1] or [AUD mode2] group box in the [Trace mode]
page of the [Acquisition] dialog box.
Figure 2.1 [Trace mode] Page
When the AUD trace function is used, select the [AUD function] radio button in the [Trace type]
group box of the [Trace mode] page.
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(a) Branch Trace Function
The branch source and destination addresses and their source lines are displayed.
Branch trace can be acquired by selecting the [Branch trace] check box in the [AUD function]
group box of the [Trace mode] page.
The branch type can be selected in the [AUD Branch trace] page.
Figure 2.2 [AUD Branch trace] Page
(b) Window Trace Function
Memory access in the specified range can be acquired by trace.
Two memory ranges can be specified for channels A and B. The read, write, or read/write
cycle can be selected as the bus cycle for trace acquisition.
[Setting Method]
(i) Select the [Channel A] and [Channel B] check boxes in the [AUD function] group
box of the [Trace mode] page. Each channel will become valid.
(ii) Open the [Window trace] page and specify the bus cycle and memory range that are to be
set for each channel.
22
Figure 2.3 [Window trace] Page
Notes: 1. When the [L-bus] or [I-bus] radio button is selected, the following bus cycles will be
traced.
• L-bus: A bus cycle generated by the CPU is acquired. A bus cycle is also acquired
when the cache has been hit.
• I-bus: A bus cycle generated by the CPU or DMA is acquired. A bus cycle is not
acquired when the cache has been hit. The address information acquired by the Ibus is 28 bits and the upper 4 bits are displayed as ‘*’. The source cannot be
displayed in the [Trace] window.
When U-RAM or X/Y-RAM is accessed from the P0 space, the I-bus must be selected,
and when accessed from the P2 space, the L-bus must be selected. When a cache fill
cycle is acquired, I-bus must be selected.
2. Address setting when X/Y-bus is selected
To trace both the X/Y-bus when the X/Y-bus is accessed at the same time, the X-bus
condition must be set in channel A, and the Y-bus condition must be set in channel B.
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(c) Software Trace Function
Note: This function can be supported with SHC/C++ compiler (manufactured by Renesas
Technology Corp.; including OEM and bundle products) V7.0 or later.
When a specific instruction is executed, the PC value at execution and the contents of one
general register are acquired by trace. Describe the Trace(x) function (x is a variable name) to
be compiled and linked beforehand. For details, refer to the SHC manual.
When the load module is loaded on the emulator and a valid software trace function is
executed, the PC value that has executed the Trace(x) function, the general register value for x,
and the source lines are displayed.
To activate the software trace function, select the [Software trace] check box in the [AUD
function] group box of the [Trace mode] page.
Notes on AUD Trace:
1. When the trace display is performed during user program execution, the mnemonics, operands,
or source is not displayed.
2. The AUD trace function outputs the differences between newly output branch source addresses
and previously output branch source addresses. The window trace function outputs the
differences between newly output addresses and previously output addresses. If the previous
branch source address is the same as the upper 16 bits, the lower 16 bits are output. If it
matches the upper 24 bits, the lower 8 bits are output. If it matches the upper 28 bits, the lower
4 bits are output.
The emulator regenerates the 32-bit address from these differences and displays it in the
[Trace] window. If the emulator cannot display the 32-bit address, it displays the difference
from the previously displayed 32-bit address.
3. If the 32-bit address cannot be displayed, the source line is not displayed.
4. In the SH7710 E10A emulator, when multiple loops are performed to reduce the number of
AUD trace displays, only the IP counts up.
5. In the SH7710 E10A emulator, the maximum number of trace display pointers is as follows:
When HS7710KCM02H is used: D'8191 to -0
When HS7710KCI02H is used: D'32767 to -0
However, the maximum number of trace display pointers differs according to the AUD trace
information to be output. Therefore, the above pointers cannot be always acquired.
6. The AUD trace acquisition is not available when [User] is selected in the [UBC mode] list box
of the [Configuration] dialog box. In this case, close the [Trace] window.
7. Do not use the AUD full-trace mode for the VIO function.
8. If a completion-type exception occurs during exception branch acquisition, the next address to
the address in which an exception occurs is acquired.
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9. For the AUD non-realtime trace, the written access may be executed again. If this is a problem
on the user system, do not use the non-realtime trace.
Internal Trace Function: This function is activated by selecting the [Internal trace] radio button
in the [Trace type] group box of the [Trace mode] page. This function traces and displays the
branch instructions. The branch source address and branch destination address for the eight latest
branch instructions are displayed. See figure 2.1, [Trace mode] Page.
Notes: 1. If an interrupt is generated at the program execution start or end, including a step
operation, the emulator address may be acquired. In such a case, the following
message will be displayed. Ignore this address because it is not a user program
address.
*** EML ***
2. If a completion-type exception occurs during exception branch acquisition, the next
address to the address in which an exception occurs is acquired.
3. Trace information cannot be acquired for the following branch instructions:
• The BF and BT instructions whose displacement value is 0
• Branch to H'A0000000 by reset
4. The internal trace acquisition is not available when [User] is selected in the [UBC
mode] list box of the [Configuration] dialog box. In this case, close the [Trace]
window.
2.2.4
Notes on Using the JTAG Clock (TCK) and AUD Clock (AUDCK)
1. Set the JTAG clock (TCK) frequency to lower than the frequency of the SH7710 peripheral
module clock (CKP).
2. Set the AUD clock (AUDCK) frequency to 50 MHz or lower for PCMCIA and PCI cards.
2.2.5
Notes on Setting the [Breakpoint] Dialog Box
1. When an odd address is set, the next lowest even address is used.
2. A BREAKPOINT is accomplished by replacing instructions of the specified address.
Accordingly, it can be set only to the RAM areas in CS0 to CS6 and the internal RAM areas.
However, a BREAKPOINT cannot be set to the following addresses:
 ROM areas in CS0 to CS6
 Areas other than CS0 to CS6
 Areas other than the internal RAM
 An instruction in which Break Condition 2 is satisfied
 A slot instruction of a delayed branch instruction
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 An area that can be only read by MMU
3. During step operation, a BREAKPOINT is disabled.
4. Conditions set at Break Condition 2 are disabled when an instruction to which a
BREAKPOINT has been set is executed. Do not set a BREAKPOINT to an instruction in
which Break Condition 2 is satisfied.
5. When execution resumes from the address where a BREAKPOINT is specified, single-step
operation is performed at the address before execution resumes. Therefore, realtime operation
cannot be performed.
6. When a BREAKPOINT is set to the slot instruction of a delayed branch instruction, the PC
value becomes an illegal value. Accordingly, do not set a BREAKPOINT to the slot
instruction of a delayed branch instruction.
7. When a BREAKPOINT is set to the cacheable area, the cache block containing the
BREAKPOINT address is filled immediately before and after user program execution.
8. Note on DSP repeat loop:
A BREAKPOINT is equal to a branch instruction. In some DSP repeat loops, branch
instructions cannot be set. For these cases, do not set BREAKPOINTs. Refer to the hardware
manual for details.
9. When the [Normal] option is selected in the [Memory area] group box in the [General] page of
the [Configuration] dialog box, a BREAKPOINT is set to a physical address or a virtual
address according to the SH7710 MMU status during command input when the VPMAP_SET
command setting is disabled. The ASID value of the SH7710 PTEH register during command
input is used. When VPMAP_SET command setting is enabled, a BREAKPOINT is set to a
physical address into which address translation is made according to the VP_MAP table.
However, for addresses out of the range of the VP_MAP table, the address to which a
BREAKPOINT is set depends on the SH7710 MMU status during command input. Even
when the VP_MAP table is modified after BREAKPOINT setting, the address translated when
the BREAKPOINT is set valid.
10. When the [Physical] option is selected in the [Memory area] group box in the [General] page
of the [Configuration] dialog box, a BREAKPOINT is set to a physical address. A
BREAKPOINT is set after disabling the SH7710 MMU upon program execution. After
setting, the MMU is returned to the original state. When a break occurs at the corresponding
virtual address, the cause of termination displayed in the status bar and the [Output] window is
ILLEGAL INSTRUCTION, not BREAKPOINT.
11. When the [Virtual] option is selected in the [Memory area] group box in the [General] page of
the [Configuration] dialog box, a BREAKPOINT is set to a virtual address. A BREAKPOINT
is set after enabling the SH7710 MMU upon program execution. After setting, the MMU is
returned to the original state. When an ASID value is specified, the BREAKPOINT is set to
the virtual address corresponding to the ASID value. The emulator sets the BREAKPOINT
after rewriting the ASID value to the specified value, and returns the ASID value to its original
26
value after setting. When no ASID value is specified, the BREAKPOINT is set to a virtual
address corresponding to the ASID value at command input.
12. An address (physical address) to which a BREAKPOINT is set is determined when the
BREAKPOINT is set. Accordingly, even if the VP_MAP table is modified after
BREAKPOINT setting, the BREAKPOINT address remains unchanged. When a
BREAKPOINT is satisfied with the modified address in the VP_MAP table, the cause of
termination displayed in the status bar and the [Output] window is ILLEGAL INSTRUCTION,
not BREAKPOINT.
13. If an address of a BREAKPOINT cannot be correctly set in the ROM or flash memory area, a
mark z will be displayed in the [BP] area of the address on the [Editor] or [Disassembly]
window by refreshing the [Memory] window, etc. after Go execution. However, no break will
occur at this address. When the program halts with the break condition, the mark z
disappears.
2.2.6
Notes on Setting the [Break Condition] Dialog Box and the BREAKCONDITION_
SET Command
1. When [Step In], [Step Over], or [Step Out] is selected, the settings of Break Condition 2 are
disabled.
2. Break Condition 2 is disabled when an instruction to which a BREAKPOINT has been set is
executed. Accordingly, do not set a BREAKPOINT to an instruction which satisfies Break
Condition 2.
3. When a Break Condition is satisfied, emulation may stop after two or more instructions have
been executed.
4. If a PC break address condition is set to the slot instruction after a delayed branch instruction,
user program execution cannot be terminated before the slot instruction execution; execution
stops before the branch destination instruction.
5. Break Condition 1,2 is used as the measurement range in the performance measurement
function when [PA-1 start point] and [PA-1 end point] are displayed on the [Action] part in the
[Break condition] sheet of the [Event] window. This applies when the Break Condition is
displayed with the BREAKCONDITION_DISPLAY command in the command-line function.
In this case, a break does not occur when Break Condition 1,2 is satisfied.
6. Note that a break occurs with a break satisfaction condition by an instruction that has been
cancelled due to the generation of an exception.
7. Use the sequential break or count break with the L-bus condition. If such break is used with
the I-bus condition, it will not operate correctly.
8. A break will not occur with the execution counts specified on the execution of the multi-step
instruction.
27
2.2.7
Note on Setting the UBC_MODE Command
In the [Configuration] dialog box, if [User] is set while the [UBC mode] list box has been set, the
STEP-type commands that use Break Condition 2 for implementation cannot be used.
2.2.8
Performance Measurement Function
The SH7710 E10A emulator supports the performance measurement function.
1. Setting the performance measurement conditions
To set the performance measurement conditions, use the [Performance Analysis] dialog box
and the PERFORMANCE_SET command. When any line on the [Performance Analysis]
window is clicked with the right mouse button, the popup menu is displayed and the
[Performance Analysis] dialog box is displayed by selecting [Setting].
Note: For the command line syntax, refer to the online help.
(a) Specifying the measurement start/end conditions
The measurement start/end conditions are specified in the [Mode] drop-down list box in the
[Performance Analysis] dialog box. Three conditions can be set as shown in table 2.9.
Table 2.9 Conditions Specified in [Mode]
Item
Description
Normal break
Measurement is started by executing a program and ended when a
break condition is satisfied.
Break Condition 1 -> 2
Measurement is started from the satisfaction of the condition set in
Break Condition 1 and ended with the satisfaction of the condition set in
Break Condition 2.
Break Condition 2 -> 1
Measurement is started from the satisfaction of the condition set in
Break Condition 2 and ended with the satisfaction of the condition set in
Break Condition 1.
28
Figure 2.4 [Performance Analysis] Dialog Box
(b) Measurement range
One of the following ranges can be specified. This depends on the item selected for [Mode] in
the [Performance Analysis] dialog box.
1. From the start to the end of the user program execution (When Normal Break is selected
for [Mode])
2. From the satisfaction of the condition set in Break Condition 1 to the satisfaction of the
condition set in Break Condition 2 (When Break condition 1->2 is selected for [Mode])
3. From the satisfaction of the condition set in Break Condition 2 to the satisfaction of the
condition set in Break Condition 1 (When Break condition 2->1 is selected for [Mode])
(In the second and third ranges, [PA-1 start point] and [PA-1 end point] are displayed on the
[Action] part in the [Break condition] sheet of the [Event] window.)
For measurement errors,
 The measured value includes errors.
 Error will occur before or after a break.
29
Notes: 1. When the second and third ranges are specified, execute the user program after the
measurement start condition is set to Break Condition 1 (or Break Condition 2) and the
measurement end condition to Break Condition 2 (or Break Condition 1).
2.
Step operation is not possible when Break condition 1->2 or Break condition 2->1 is
selected for the PERFORMANCE_SET command or in [Mode] of the [Performance
Analysis] dialog box.
3.
When Break condition 1->2 or Break condition 2->1 is selected in [Mode] of the
[Performance Analysis] dialog box, specify one or more items for measurement.
When there is no item, the error message “Measurement item does not have
specification. Please set up a measurement item.” will be displayed. When no item is
specified for the PERFORMANCE_SET command, the settings of Break condition 1
->2 or Break condition 2->1 will be an error.
(c) Measurement item
Items are measured with [Channel 1 to 4] in the [Performance Analysis] dialog box.
Maximum four conditions can be specified at the same time. Table 2.10 shows the
measurement items (Options in table 2.10 are parameters for <mode> of the
PERFORMANCE_SET command. They are displayed for CONDITION in the [Performance
Analysis] window).
30
Table 2.10 Measurement Item
Selected Name
Option
Disabled
None
Elapsed time
AC
Number of execution states
VS
Branch instruction counts
BT
Number of execution instructions
I
DSP-instruction execution counts
DI (Devices incorporating the DSP function can
only be measured.)
Instruction/data conflict cycle
MAC
Other conflict cycles than instruction/data
OC
Exception/interrupt counts
EA
Data-TLB miss cycle
MTS (Devices incorporating the MMU function
can only be measured.)
Instruction-TLB miss cycle
ITS (Devices incorporating the MMU function
can only be measured.)
Interrupt counts
INT
Number of BL=1 instructions
BL1
Number of MD=1 instructions
MD1
Instruction cache-miss counts
IC
Data cache-miss counts
DC
Instruction fetch stall
IF
Data access stall
DA
Instruction cache-miss stall
ICS
Data cache-miss stall
DCS
Cacheable access stall
CS
X/Y-RAM access stall
XYS (Devices incorporating the X/Y memory
can only be measured.)
URAM access stall
US (Devices incorporating the U memory can
only be measured.)
Instruction/data access stall cycle
MA
Other access cycles than instruction/data
NMA
Non-cacheable area access cycle
NCC
Non-cacheable area instruction access cycle
NCI
31
Table 2.10 Measurement Item (cont)
Selected Name
Option
Non-cacheable area data access cycle
NCD
Cacheable area access cycle
CC
Cacheable area instruction access cycle
CIC
Cacheable area data access cycle
CDC
Access counts other than instruction/data
NAM
Non-cacheable area access counts
NCN
Non-cacheable area instruction access counts
NCIN
Non-cacheable area data access counts
NCDN
Cacheable area access counts
CN
Cacheable area instruction access counts
CIN
Cacheable area data access counts
CDN
Each measurement condition is also counted when conditions in table 2.11 are generated.
Table 2.11 Performance Measurement Conditions to be Counted
Measurement Condition
Notes
No caching due to the
settings of TLB cacheable
bit
Counted for accessing the cacheable area.
Cache-on counting
Accessing the non-cacheable area is counted less than the actual
number of cycles and counts. Accessing the cacheable, X/Y-RAM,
and U-RAM areas is counted more than the actual number of cycles
and counts.
Branch count
The counter value is incremented by 2. This means that two cycles
are valid for one branch.
Notes: 1. In the non-realtime trace mode of the AUD trace, normal counting cannot be performed
because the generation state of the stall or the execution cycle is changed.
2. Since the clock source of the counter is the CPU clock, counting also stops when the
clock halts in the sleep mode.
2. Displaying the measured result
The measured result is displayed in the [Performance Analysis] window or the
PERFORMANCE_ANALYSIS command with hexadecimal (32 bits).
32
Note: If a performance counter overflows as a result of measurement, “********” will be
displayed.
3. Initializing the measured result
To initialize the measured result, select [Initialize] from the popup menu in the [Performance
Analysis] window or specify INIT with the PERFORMANCE_ANALYSIS command.
33
34
SuperH Family E10A Emulator
Additional Document for User's Manual
Specific Guide for the SH7710 E10A Emulator
Publication Date: Rev.1.00, March 1, 2005
Published by:
Sales Strategic Planning Div.
Renesas Technology Corp.
Edited by:
Technical Documentation & Information Department
Renesas Kodaira Semiconductor Co., Ltd.
 2005. Renesas Technology Corp., All rights reserved. Printed in Japan.
Sales Strategic Planning Div.
Nippon Bldg., 2-6-2, Ohte-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0004, Japan
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SuperH Family E10A Emulator
Additional Document for User’s Manual
Specific Guide for the SH7710
E10A Emulator