MS-PAE Series
Pure Sine Wave
Inverter / Charger
Owner’s Manual
TM
Disclaimer of Liability
Since the use of this manual and the conditions or methods of installation, operation, use and
maintenance of the MS-PAE Series Inverter/Charger is beyond the control of Magnum Energy Inc.,
this company does not assume responsibility and expressly disclaims liability for loss, damage or
expense, whether direct, indirect, consequential or incidental, arising out of or anyway connected
with such installation, operation, use, or maintenance.
Due to continuous improvements and product updates, the images shown in this manual may not
exactly match the unit purchased.
Restrictions on Use
The MS-PAE Series Inverter/Charger shall not be used in connection with life support systems,
life saving or other medical equipment or devices. Using the MS-PAE Series Inverter/Charger with
this particular equipment is at your own risk.
Contact Information
Magnum Energy, Inc.
2211 West Casino Rd.
Everett, WA 98204
Phone: 425-353-8833
Fax: 425-353-8390
Web: www.magnumenergy.com
Record the unit’s model and serial number in case you need to provide this information in the future. It is much easier to record this information now, instead
of trying to gather it after the unit has been installed.
Model:
Serial Number:
MS3748PAEJ
AH
MS4024PAE
AA
MS4448PAE
AB
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
•
This manual contains important safety instructions that must be followed during the installation and operation of this product.
•
All electrical work must be performed in accordance with local, state and federal electrical
codes.
•
Read all instructions and safety information contained in this manual before installing or using
this product.
•
This product is designed for indoor / compartment installation. It must not be exposed to rain,
snow, moisture or liquids of any type.
•
Use insulated tools to reduce the chance of electrical shock or accidental short circuits.
•
Remove all jewelry such as rings, watches, bracelets, etc., when installing or performing
maintenance on the inverter.
•
Always disconnect the batteries or energy source prior to installing or performing maintenance
on the inverter.
•
Live power may be present at more than one point since an inverter utilizes both batteries and
AC.
•
Always verify proper wiring prior to starting the inverter.
•
There are no user serviceable parts contained in this product.
•
This unit is provided with integral protection against overloads.
•
The input and output AC and DC circuits are isolated from the inverter chassis. The inverter
system grounding is the responsibility of the installer in accordance with the NEC.
•
Both AC and DC overcurrent protection must be provided as part of the installation.
•
Class 1 wiring methods are to be used for ¿eld wiring connections to terminals of a Class 2
circuit.
•
Use only copper wires with a minimum temperature rating of 90°C.
Safety Symbols
To reduce the risk of electrical shock, ¿re, or other safety hazard, the following safety symbols have
been placed throughout this manual to indicate dangerous and important safety instructions.
WARNING: This symbol indicates that failure to take a speci¿ed action could result in
physical harm to the user.
CAUTION: This symbol indicates that failure to take a speci¿ed action could result in
damage to the equipment.
Info: This symbol indicates information that emphasizes or supplements important
points of the main text.
Remedy: This symbol provides possible solutions for related issues.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page ii
IMPORTANT BATTERY SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
•
Wear eye protection such as safety glasses when working with batteries.
•
Remove all jewelry such as rings, watches, bracelets, etc., when installing or performing
maintenance on the inverter.
•
Never work alone. Always have someone near you when working around batteries.
•
Use proper lifting techniques when working with batteries.
•
Never use old or untested batteries. Check each battery’s label for age, type and date code to
ensure all batteries are identical.
•
Batteries are sensitive to changes in temperature. Always install batteries in a stable environment.
•
Install batteries in a well ventilated area. Batteries can produce explosive gasses. For compartment or enclosure installations, always vent batteries to the outside.
•
Provide at least one inch of air space between batteries to provide optimum cooling.
•
Never smoke when in the vicinity of batteries.
•
To prevent a spark at the battery and reduce the chance of explosion, always connect the
cables to the batteries ¿rst. Then connect the cables to the inverter.
•
Use insulated tools at all times.
•
Always verify proper polarity and voltage before connecting the batteries to the inverter.
•
To reduce the chance of ¿re or explosion, do not short-circuit the batteries.
•
In the even of accidental exposure to battery acid, wash thoroughly with soap and water. In
the even of exposure to the eyes, Àood them for at least 15 minutes with running water and
seek immediate medical attention.
•
Recycle old batteries.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
Page iii
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Table of Contents
Introduction
1.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Features and Bene¿ts............................................................................................. 3
1.2 How the MS-PAE Series Inverter/Charger Works ........................................................ 5
Installation
2.0 Installation ........................................................................................................... 6
2.1 Pre-Installation ..................................................................................................... 6
2.2 Grounding Inverters ..............................................................................................12
2.3 DC Wiring ............................................................................................................16
2.4 AC Wiring ............................................................................................................22
2.5 Inverter Warning Label ..........................................................................................26
2.6 Functional Test .....................................................................................................27
Operation
3.0 Operation ............................................................................................................28
3.1 Inverter Mode ......................................................................................................28
3.2 Standby Mode ......................................................................................................29
3.3 Battery Temperature Sensor Operation ....................................................................31
3.4 Protection Circuitry Operation.................................................................................32
3.5 Start-Up ..............................................................................................................33
3.6 Factory Default Values ...........................................................................................34
Troubleshooting
4.0 Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................35
4.1 Performing an Inverter Reset .................................................................................36
Parallel Operation
5.0 Parallel Operation .................................................................................................37
5.1 Overview .............................................................................................................37
5.2 Conditions for Parallel Operation .............................................................................37
5.3 Parallel System Connections and Components ..........................................................39
Appendix
Specifications
A.1 Speci¿cations.......................................................................................................40
A.2 Ef¿ciency Graphs ..................................................................................................41
Optional Equipment/Accessories
B.1 Optional Equipment/Accessories .............................................................................42
Battery Information
C.1 General Battery Information ..................................................................................43
C.2 Battery Bank Sizing Worksheet...............................................................................44
C.3 Battery Wiring .....................................................................................................45
Warranty and Service
D.1 Limited Warranty..................................................................................................48
D.2 How to Receive Repair Service ...............................................................................48
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page iv
Table of Figures
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
1-1, Power Switch, Status LED and Accessory Connection Ports.................................. 2
1-2, Electrical Connection Points ............................................................................ 2
1-3, Left Side Features ......................................................................................... 4
2-1, Simpli¿ed Installation Diagram - Single Inverter ................................................ 7
2-2, Approved Mounting Positions .......................................................................... 9
2-3, MS-PAE Series Dimensions ............................................................................10
2-4, Grounding System for MS-PAE Series ..............................................................12
2-5, Multiple Connections to DC Ground Rod (Method 1) ..........................................13
2-6, Multiple Connections to DC Ground Rod (Method 2) ..........................................14
2-7, Single Connection to DC Ground Rod (Method 3) ..............................................14
2-8, DC and Battery Temperature Sensor Wiring .....................................................17
2-9, Battery Hardware Installation ........................................................................19
2-10, Inverter DC Hardware Installation.................................................................19
2-11, Battery Temperature Sensor ........................................................................20
2-12, AC Terminal Block ......................................................................................23
2-13, AC Wiring ..................................................................................................24
2-14, Warning Label ............................................................................................26
2-15, AC Voltage Checks ......................................................................................27
3-1, Power Flow - Inverter Mode ...........................................................................28
3-2, Power Flow - Standby Mode ...........................................................................29
3-3, Automatic 4-Stage Charging Graph .................................................................30
3-4, BTS Temperature to Charge Voltage Change ....................................................31
3-5, Power Switch and Status Indicator..................................................................33
4-1, Performing an Inverter Reset .........................................................................36
5-1, Simpli¿ed Installation Diagram - Multiple Inverters (stacked in parallel)...............38
5-2, Simpli¿ed Magnum Panel (AC Panel) ...............................................................39
5-3, Simpli¿ed Magnum Panel (DC Panel) ...............................................................39
A-1, MS4024PAE Ef¿ciency Graph .........................................................................41
A-2, MS4448PAE Ef¿ciency Graph .........................................................................41
C-1, Series Battery Wiring ....................................................................................45
C-2, Parallel Battery Wiring ..................................................................................45
C-3, Series-Parallel Battery Wiring.........................................................................45
C-4, Battery Bank Wiring Examples (24-volt) ..........................................................46
C-5, Battery Bank Wiring Examples (48-volt) ..........................................................47
Table of Tables
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
2-1,
2-2,
2-3,
2-4,
3-1,
3-2,
4-1,
A-1,
C-1,
Page v
AC Grounding Electrode Conductor Sizing .........................................................13
Equipment Grounding Conductor Sizing ............................................................15
Recommended DC Wire/Overcurrent Device ......................................................18
DC Wire Size For Increased Distance ................................................................19
Inverter Battery Turn On/Off Levels..................................................................32
Inverter/Charger Default Values ......................................................................34
Troubleshooting Guide ....................................................................................35
MS-PAE Speci¿cations ....................................................................................40
Typical Appliance Power Consumption ...............................................................43
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Introduction
1.0 Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the MS-PAE Series inverter/charger from Magnum Energy.
The MS-PAE Series is a “pure” sine wave inverter designed to provide 120 and 240VAC in a single
unit to power loads when inverting and also while charging. It has two 120VAC lines (L1 and L2), a
neutral and a ground. The two 120VAC output lines are 180° out-of-phase with each other, so that
the combination of the L1 and L2 lines total 240VAC and the voltage between either L1 or L2 and
neutral is 120VAC. The MS-PAE Series charger can accept 120VAC input (to L1 or L2) or 120/240
VAC split-phase input power (to L1 and L2), the incoming AC power is shared with the charger and
the output continues to be 120/240VAC with either a 120VAC or a 120/240VAC input.
When the power requirements of the system are beyond the capacity of a single MS-PAE Series
inverter or the system is expanded as more loads are added, up to four MS-PAE Series inverters
can be connected together in a parallel con¿guration. Connecting inverters in parallel increases the
overall inverter power and surge capacity to power a large single load or several smaller loads.
Simply connect the inverter’s output to your distribution circuits or electrical panel; connect your
utility or generator power (AC) to the inverter’s easy-to-reach terminal block; connect the batteries, and then switch on the power. Using optional remote controls (ME-RTR. ME-ARC or ME-RC),
you can easily operate and monitor your inverter from a remote location.
The MS-PAE Series Inverter/Charger includes the following:
•
High wattage output in a small footprint - less weight and area needed for install.
•
Ability to parallel up to four identical MS-PAE inverters to increase output power capability
(requires ME-RTR).
•
Pure sine wave output (<5% THD).
•
120/240 VAC Split phase output in a single inverter.
•
PFC (Power Factor Corrected) multi-stage battery charger.
•
RS485 standard communication protocol.
•
Remote and Network ports (easy connection for optional accessories).
•
ON/OFF Inverter-mounted switch with LED indicator.
•
Large AC access and terminal block [wire size: #18 to #2 AWG (0.82 to 33.6 mm2) CU].
•
DC terminal covers with 360 degree connection.
•
Battery Temperature Sensor - for optimum charging during extreme temperature changes.
•
Field Serviceable for quali¿ed personnel - tested repair kits available.
•
Smooth, aesthetically pleasing design.
•
MS4024PAE and MS4448PAE are ETL listed to UL/cUL STD 1741 and CSA STD 22.2 107.0101 for safety.
The following accessories are also available for MS-PAE Series products:
• ME-RTR (Router Control Panel) - uses a four-line LCD display to provide operating information and setup/troubleshooting capabilities for multiple Magnum inverters. Provides four
ports that allow MS-PAE models to be connected in a parallel con¿guration to increase output
power capacity.
• ME-ARC (Advanced Remote Control Panel) - uses a two-line LCD display to allow advance
inverter setup, control and troubleshooting.
• ME-RC (Standard Remote Control Panel) - uses two-line LCD display to allow standard
inverter setup, control and troubleshooting.
• ME-AGS-N (Automatic Generator Start Module/Network version) - automatically starts/
stops your generator.
• ME-BMK (Battery Monitor Kit) - provides precise DC voltage/current measurements and
provides information on your battery’s State of Charge (SOC) condition.
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 1
Introduction
1
POWER ON/OFF SWITCH
2
STATUS (CHARGING/INVERTING) LED
3
PARALLEL STACK PORT
(RED LABEL - RJ45 CONNECTION)
4
NETWORK PORT
(GREEN LABEL - RJ11 CONNECTION)
5
REMOTE PORT
(BLUE LABEL - RJ11 CONNECTION)
6
BATTERY TEMPERATURE SENSOR PORT
(YELLOW LABEL - RJ11 CONNECTION)
Figure 1-1, Power Switch, Status LED and Accessory Connection Ports
INTAKE AIR VENTS
(AND ON RIGHT SIDE)
9
10
POSITIVE (+) DC
TERMINAL
8
11
AC ENTRY/EXIT
CONNECTIONS
NEGATIVE (-) DC
7
12
DC EQUIPMENT
GROUND
TERMINAL
MOUNTING
FLANGE
TERMINAL
Figure 1-2, Electrical Connection Points
Page 2
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Introduction
1.1 Features and Benefits
The MS-PAE Series inverter/charger is designed to allow easy access to wiring, circuit breakers,
controls and for viewing the LED (Light Emitting Diode) status indicator. Its die cast base-plate
with one piece aluminum cover ensures maximum durability with minimum weight, as well as
cooler more ef¿cient operation.
The front of the MS-PAE Series is equipped with the following features (refer to ¿gures 1-1 and
1-2):
1
Power Switch - a momentary push-button switch that alternately turns the inverter On
or Off.
2
Status LED Indicator - this green LED illuminates to provide information on the inverter or charger operation.
3
Parallel Stack Connection Port (red label) - a RJ45 port that connects to the ME-RTR
Router, which is used to con¿gure and synchronize multiple MS-PAE units to operate in
parallel for increase power capacity.
CAUTION: Connect this Parallel Stack Port connection only to the ME-RTR.
Although the cabling and connectors used in this network system are the same as
Ethernet connectors, this network is not an Ethernet system. Attempting to connect
these two different systems may cause damage and is not covered under warranty.
Info: The MS-PAE Series Inverters cannot not be connected in parallel without installing the optional ME-RTR.
4
Magnum Net Connection Port (green label) - a RJ11 port that accepts optional Network capable accessories (i.e. Auto Gen Start or Battery Monitor).
5
Remote Connection Port (blue label) - a RJ11 port that allows optional remote control
displays (i.e. ME-RC, ME-ARC, ME-RTR) to be connected.
6
BTS Connection Port (yellow label) - RJ11 port that accepts the remote Battery Temperature Sensor (BTS) accessory.
7
DC Equipment Ground Terminal - this connection is used to tie the exposed chassis of
the inverter to the DC grounding system. This terminal accepts CU/AL conductors from
#14 to #2 AWG (2.1 to 33.6 mm2).
8
AC Entry/Exit Connections - two 3/4” knockouts provided with cable-clamp strain reliefs
to allow and hold the AC input and output ¿eld wiring.
9
Intake Air Vents - ventilation openings to pull in air to help keep the inverter cool for
peak performance.
10
Positive DC Terminal - provides 360 degree connection point for the positive (+) cable
from the battery bank; provided with a 5/16-18 stainless Kep or Flange nut on a 5/16-18
bolt (5/8” usable length) to hold the battery cable to the DC terminal which uses.
11
Negative DC Terminal - provides 360 degree connection point for the negative (-) cable
from the battery bank; provided with a 5/16-18 stainless Kep or Flange nut on a 5/16-18
bolt (5/8” usable length) to hold the battery cable to the DC terminal.
12
Mounting Flange - used to secure the inverter to a shelf or wall.
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 3
Introduction
The left side of the MS-PAE Series is equipped with the following features (refer to ¿gure 1-3):
13
Exhaust Air Vent - ventilation openings that allows heated air to be removed by the
internal cooling fan.
14
Model/Serial Number Label - includes model/serial number information, date of
manufacture and inverter and charger speci¿cations. See the MS-PAE Specifications
in Appendix A for more information and the different models available.
15
AC Access Cover - provides access to the internal AC wiring terminal block. This terminal
block is used to hardwire all inverter AC input and output wiring connections. Remove the
two screws to access the AC wiring terminal block.
Input circuit breakers - these circuit breakers protect the unit’s internal wiring and
pass-thru relay on each input (L1 and L2) while in the standby mode. These input circuit
breakers are not branch-circuit rated. These circuit breakers pop out when they open,
press in to reset power capacity.
16
CAUTION: Circuit breakers that branch-circuit rated must be installed in the inverter’s input and output wiring.
CAUTION: The inverter’s internal AC transfer relay is rated for 30 amps per leg, the
pass-thru current must be no greater than 30 amps per leg or damage to the relays
may occur.
MODEL/SERIAL
1 4 NUMBER LABEL
AC ACCESS
1 5 COVER
13
EXHAUST
AIR VENTS
(BACK SIDE)
16
INPUT CIRCUIT BREAKERS
Figure 1-3, Left Side Features
Page 4
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Introduction
1.2 How the MS-PAE Series Inverter/Charger Works
The MS-PAE Series is an electronic device that takes DC (Direct Current) voltage from your batteries and turns it into both 120V and 240V AC (Alternating Current) voltage, which is needed
to power your household electrical appliances (i.e. AC loads). The MS-PAE Series also includes
a battery charger circuit that takes AC power (when connected to utility/generator power) and
transforms it into DC power to recharge your batteries.
1.2.1 Inverter Applications
An inverter can be used for backup power in a home or of¿ce that normally uses utility power.
When the utility power is available, the inverter keeps the batteries charged. When the utility power
fails, the inverter comes on automatically to supply AC power to your home or of¿ce during the
power failure. For a home or business, reliable back-up power is used to prevent lost computer
data or to maintain lights and keep food fresh in the refrigerator/freezer.
In some areas, where utility power is not available, this inverter can be used in an stand-alone
renewable power system. The inverter allows AC electrical appliances to be run from the storage
battery bank. When the battery bank becomes discharged, either renewable DC sources (solar,
wind or hydro power) can be used to recharge the batteries or a generator can be connected to
the inverter to power the system while the batteries recharge.
1.2.2 Advantages of a Pure Sine Wave Inverter
Today’s inverters come in two basic output waveforms: modi¿ed sine (which is actually a modi¿ed
square wave) and pure sine wave. Modi¿ed sine wave inverters approximate a pure sine waveform and will run most appliances and electronics without any problems. These inverters are less
expensive and, therefore, offer a viable alternative to more expensive pure sine inverters.
The MS-PAE Series provides a pure sine wave output, this waveform is equal to or, in many cases,
better than the grid power used in your home. Virtually any electronic device will operate from a
pure sine wave inverter. Motors run cooler, microwaves usually cook faster and clocks keep better
time just to name a few examples. Without compromising quality or performance, the MS-PAE
Series provides you with all of the advantages of a pure sine wave inverter at a much lower cost
than many in the market.
1.2.3 Appliances and Run Time
The MS-PAE Series inverter/charger can power a wide range of household appliances including
small motors, hair dryers, clocks and other electrical devices. As with any appliance using batteries
for power, there is a certain length of time that it can run - this is called “run time.” Actual run
time depends on several variables including the size and the type of appliance, the type of batteries installed in your application, as well as the battery’s capacity and age. Other factors such as
the battery’s state of charge and temperature can also affect the length of time your appliances
can run. See the Battery Bank Sizing section in Appendix C, to determine the battery bank size
needed for you loads.
Appliances such as TVs, VCRs, stereos, computers, coffee pots, incandescent lights and toasters can all be successfully powered by your inverter. Larger electrical appliances, however, such
as stoves, water heaters, etc., can quickly drain your batteries and are not recommended to be
powered by the inverter.
All electrical appliances are rated by the amount of power they consume. The rating is printed
on the product’s nameplate label, usually located on its chassis near the AC power cord. Even
though it is dif¿cult to calculate exactly how long an inverter will run a particular appliance, the
best advice is trial and error. Your MS-PAE Series inverter has a built-in LBCO (Low Battery Cut
Out) safeguard that automatically protects your batteries from over discharge.
Info: For the MS-PAE Series inverter/charger to perform optimally, a minimum battery
bank of 200 AH is recommended for moderate loads (<1000W) and greater than 400
AH for heavy loads (•1000W).
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 5
Installation
2.0 Installation
Before installing the inverter, read the entire installation section to determine how you are going
to install your MS-PAE inverter/Charger. The more thorough you plan in the beginning, the better
your inverter needs will be met.
Info: If you are installing multiple MS-PAE inverters in a parallel con¿guration, follow
all information in this section and refer to section 5.0 for speci¿c parallel instructions.
Info: Installations should be performed by quali¿ed personnel, such as a licensed or
certi¿ed electrician. It is the installer’s responsibility to determine which safety codes
apply and to ensure that all applicable installation requirements are followed.
CAUTION: Review the “Important Product Safety Information” on page ii and the
“Important Battery Safety Instructions” on page iii before any installation.
The simpli¿ed system diagrams shown in this manual are provided to assist you in planning and
designing your installation. They are not intended to over-ride or restrict any national or local
electrical codes. These diagrams should not be the determining factor as to whether the installation is compliant, that is the responsibility of the electrician and the on-site inspector.
CAUTION: The inverter is heavy. Use proper lifting techniques during installation to
prevent personal injury.
2.1 Pre-Installation
2.1.1 Unpacking and Inspection
Carefully remove the MS-PAE Series inverter from its shipping container and inspect all contents.
Verify the following items are included:
í The MS-PAE Inverter/Charger
í Red and black DC terminal covers with Phillips screws
í AC access cover with two Phillips screws
í Two 5/16” Kep or Flange nuts (installed on the DC terminals).
í Battery Temperature Sensor with 15 foot cable
í Warning Label
í MS-PAE Series Owner’s Manual.
If items appear to be missing or damaged, contact your authorized Magnum Energy dealer or
Magnum Energy.
If at all possible, keep your shipping box. It will help protect your inverter from damage if it ever
needs to be returned for service.
Save your proof-of-purchase as a record of your ownership; it will also be needed if the unit should
require in-warranty service.
Record the unit’s model and serial number in the front of this manual in case you need to provide
this information in the future. It is much easier to record this information now, instead of trying
to gather it after the unit has been installed.
2.1.2 Required Components and Materials
Hardware / Materials Required:
•
Conduit, strain-reliefs and appropriate ¿ttings
•
Wire ties
•
1/4” mounting bolts and lock washers (x4 minimum)
•
Electrical tape
Tools Required:
•
Misc. screw drivers
•
1/2” wrench
•
Wire strippers
•
Drill and drill bits
•
Pliers
•
Pencil or Marker
•
Multimeter
•
Level
Page 6
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
G E NE RATOR P OW E R
(1 2 0 /2 4 0 V A C O U T P U T)
U T IL IT Y P O W E R
(1 2 0 /2 4 0V A C O U T P U T )
o r G e ne ra
u x C a pa c ti
F l
AC
T RANS FE R
S W ITCH
M E - A G S -N
A u to G en S tart
C o n tro ller
( M ag n u m
A ccesso ry )
t or
M E -A R C
M E -R C
P WR
FA U LT
S E L E CT
C H G
IN V
O N /O F F
CHARG ER
O N /O F F
I NVERTER
SHO RE
AG S
M ETER
SETUP
TECH
R em o te C o n tro ls (M ag n u m A ccesso ries )
M A IN P A N E L
120 /240 V A C IN VER T ER POW ER
( OR PA SS - T H R U POW ER ) T O S U B - PA N EL
ON
120 /240 V A C
O FF
ON
OF F
OF F
O FF
ON
ON
O FF
OF F
OF F
O FF
OF F
ON
ON
OF F
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OF F
ON
3 0A
ON
OF F
M E -B M K
B attery M o n ito r
w ith sh u n t
(M ag n u m
A ccesso ry )
O FF
ON
O FF
DC
S HUNT
30A
ON
O FF
O FF
ON
OF F
OF F
ON
O FF
IN V E R T E R /
C HARGE R
OF F
OF F
M S -P A E
S E R IE S
OF F
S U B -P A N E L
POW ER T O
IN VER T ER
ON
OFF
DC
D IS C O N N E C T
B RE AKE R
120
VA C
240
VA C
120
VA C
B TS
BATTE RY
B ANK
M E -S B C
S m art B attery
C o m b in er
( M ag n u m
A ccesso ry )
Figure 2-1, Simplified Installation Diagram - Single Inverter
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 7
Installation
2.1.3 Locating the Inverter
Only install the inverter in a location that meets the following requirements:
Clean and Dry - The inverter should not be installed in an area that allows dust, fumes, insects or
rodents to enter or block the inverter’s ventilation openings. This area also must be free from any
risk of condensation, water or any other liquid that can enter or fall on the inverter. The inverter
uses stainless steel fasteners, plated copper buss-bars, a power-coated aluminum base and the
internal circuit boards are conformal coated all done to help ¿ght the harmful effects of corrosive
environments. However, the life of the inverter is uncertain if used in these type of environments,
and inverter failure under these conditions is not covered under warranty.
Info: If the inverter is installed in an area where moisture may occur, we recommend
putting silicone dielectric grease compound into the RJ45/RJ11 electrical ports (items
3 - 6 as shown in ¿gure 1-1). Before installing the accessory cables or if leaving any
ports open, squirt a liberal amount into each port. Silicone dielectric compound makes
an effective moisture barrier to help prevent corrosion.
Cool - The inverter should be protected from direct sun exposure or equipment that produces
extreme heat.
Info: The ambient temperature around the inverter must not exceed 77°F (25°C) to
meet power speci¿cations.
Ventilation - In order for the inverter to provide full output power and avoid overtemperature
fault conditions; do not cover or block the inverters ventilation openings or install this inverter
in an area with limited airÀow. The inverter uses two internal fans to provide forced air cooling,
these fans pull in air through the intake vents (see item 9 in ¿gure 1-2) and blow out air through
the exhaust vents (see item 13 in ¿gure 1-3). Allow at the minimum, an airspace clearance of 6”
at the intake and exhaust vents and 3” everywhere else to provide adequate ventilation.
If the inverter is installed in an enclosure, a fresh air intake opening must be provided directly to
the front side (intake vents) of the inverter and an exhaust opening on the back side (exhaust
vents) of the inverter. This will allow cool air from the outside to Àow into the inverter and heated
air to exit from the inverter and out of the enclosure. When mounted in an enclosed compartment, airÀow must be at least 100 cfm in order to maintain no more than a 68°F (20°C) rise in
compartment temperature.
CAUTION: Do not install this inverter in a zero clearance compartment. Do not cover
or obstruct the ventilation openings - overheating may result.
Safe - Keep any Àammable/combustible material (i.e. paper, cloth, plastic, etc.) that may be
ignited by heat, sparks or Àames at a minimum distance of 2 feet away from the inverter. Do not
install this inverter in any area that contains extremely Àammable liquids like gasoline or propane,
or in locations that require ignition-protected devices.
Close to the battery bank - As with any inverter, it should be located as close to the batteries as
possible. Long DC wires tend to loose ef¿ciency and reduce the overall performance of an inverter.
However, the unit should not be installed in the same compartment as the batteries or mounted where
it will be exposed to gases produced by the batteries. These gases are corrosive and will damage
the inverter; also if these gases are not ventilated and if allowed to collect, they could ignite and
cause an explosion. The absolute maximum recommended battery cable length is 15 feet.
Accessible - Do not block access to the inverter’s remote control and accessory ports as well
as the inverter’s controls and status indicator. Also allow enough room to access the AC and DC
wiring terminals and connections, as they will need to be checked and tighten periodically. See
¿gure 2-3 for the MS-PAE Series inverter/charger dimensions.
Away from sensitive electronic equipment - High powered inverters can generate levels of RFI
(Radio Frequency Interference). Locate any electronic equipment susceptible to radio frequency
and electromagnetic interference as far away from the inverter as possible.
Page 8
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
2.1.4 Mounting the Inverter
The inverter base can reach a temperature up to 90°C (194°F), and it is recommended that it should
be mounted on a noncombustible surface*. This surface and the mounting hardware must also be
capable of supporting at least twice the weight of the inverter. To meet regulatory requirements,
the MS-PAE Series must be mounted in one of the following positions; as shown in ¿gure 2-2:
• above or under a horizontal surface (shelf or table),
• or on a vertical surface (wall) with the DC terminals to the right.
• or on a vertical surface (wall) with the DC terminals toward the bottom with the MP-HOOD
(inverter hood) installed over the exhaust vents (top) and either the ME-CB (Conduit box), MMP
Series (single inverter enclosure), or MP Series (multiple inverter enclosure) is attached to the
inverter’s DC end (bottom).
Info: The ME-CB, MMP Series and MP Series enclosures prevent material from falling
out the bottom in the event of an internal ¿re and also allow suf¿cient ventilation to prevent the inverter from overheating under normal operating conditions. The MP-HOOD
inverter hood helps prevent items from falling inside causing damage to the inverter.
Info: Magnum provides a backplate with a suitable surface for mounting the inverter.
These backplates also provide the ability to mount either the MMP Series enclosure (PN:
BP-MMP) or the MP Series Enclosure (PN: BP-S, Single Plate or BP-D, Dual Plate).
After determining the mounting position, refer to the physical dimensions as shown in ¿gure 2-3
or use the base of the inverter as a template to mark your mounting screw locations. After marking the mounting screw locations, mount the unit with appropriate mounting hardware.
* Noncombustible surface - A surface made of material that will not ignite, burn, support combustion, or
release flammable vapors when subjected to fire or heat as per the ASTM E136 standard. For the most part,
these are materials that are largely comprised of inorganic materials such as stone, steel, iron, brick, tile
concrete, slate and glass. Common building materials such as gypsum board as well as any paint, wall cov-
SHELF OR TABLE MOUNTED
(UPSIDE DOWN)
30
30
30
SHELF OR TABLE MOUNTED
(RIGHT SIDE UP)
WALL MOUNTED
(DC TERMINALS
ON THE BOTTOM*)
*When the inverter is
mounted on the wall in
this position, the, inverter
hood (MP-HOOD) must be
mounted over the exhaust
vents (top); and either the
conduit box (ME-CB) or
MMP/MP Series enclosures
must be attached to the
inverter’s DC end (bottom).
WALL MOUNTED
(DC TERMINALS TO THE RIGHT)
Figure 2-2, Approved Mounting Positions
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 9
Installation
TOP
SIDE
LEFT
SIDE
8"
RIGHT
SIDE
FRONT
SIDE
6 5/8"
BOTTOM
SIDE
BACK
SIDE
LEFT
SIDE
TOP
SIDE
RIGHT 13 3/4"
SIDE
4 7/8"
2"
Keyhole slots (x4)
and mounting
holes (x4) accept
up to 9/32"
screw/bolt
4 7/8"
12"
12 5/8"
Figure 2-3, MS-PAE Series Dimensions
Page 10
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
2.1.5 Wiring the Inverter
This section also describes the requirements and recommendations for wiring the MS-PAE Series
Inverter/Charger. Before wiring the MS-PAE Series inverter/charger, read all instructions.
All wiring should meet all local codes and standards and be performed by qualified personnel such as a licensed electrician.
The NEC (National Electric Code, ANSI/NFPA 70) for the United States and the CEC (Canadian
Electrical Code) for Canada provide the standards for safely wiring residential and commercial
installations. The NEC/CEC lists the requirement for wire sizes, overcurrent protection and installation methods and requirements.
Inverter/charger systems involve power from multiple sources (inverter, generator, utility, batteries, solar arrays, etc.) which make the wiring more hazardous and challenging.
The input and output AC and DC circuits are isolated from the inverter chassis. The inverter system
grounding is the responsibility of the installer in accordance with the NEC.
WARNING: Ensure all sources of DC power (i.e. batteries, solar, wind or hydro) and
AC power (utility power or AC generator) are de-energized (i.e. breakers opened,
fuses removed) before proceeding - to prevent accidental shock.
2.1.6 Protecting Wire - Conduit Box or Inverter Enclosure
The AC and DC wires into and out of the inverter must be protected by rigid tubing, as required by
code to comply with residential and commercial installations. This is normally done by feeding the
wires through conduit. Magnum provides a DC conduit box (ME-CB), a single inverter enclosure
(MMP Series), or a multiple inverter enclosure (MP Series) that includes the necessary AC and DC
inverter breakers that can be purchased to allow both the AC and DC conduit to be connected to
the inverter.
2.1.7 Wiring Requirements
•
All conductors that are at risk to physical damage must be protected by conduit, tape, or
placed in a raceway.
•
Always check for existing electrical, plumbing or other areas of potential damage prior to making cuts in structural surfaces or walls.
•
Both AC and DC overcurrent protection must be provided as part of the installation.
•
The inverter requires a reliable negative and ground return path directly to the battery.
•
Use only copper wires with a minimum temperature rating of 90°C.
2.1.8 Wire Routing
Before connecting any wires, determine all wire routes throughout the home to and from the inverter. Typical routing scenarios are:
•
AC input wiring from the main AC panel to the inverter
•
AC input wiring from a generator (optional) to the inverter
•
DC input wiring from the batteries to the inverter
•
AC output wiring from the inverter to the AC sub-panel or to dedicated circuits
•
Battery Temperature Sensor cable from the inverter to the batteries
•
Remote Control cable (optional) to the inverter
•
Ground wiring from the inverter to an external ground
2.1.9 Torque Requirements
Torque all AC wiring connections to 16 in lbf (1.8 Nm). Torque DC cable connections from 10 to
12 ft lbf (13.6 to 16.3 Nm).
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 11
Installation
2.2 Grounding Inverters
The MS-PAE Series inverters use two separate electrical systems (AC and DC power), therefore
each electrical system is required to be properly connected to a permanent, common “ground” or
“earth” reference. An inverter system that is properly grounded limits the risk of electrical shock,
reduces radio frequency noise and minimizes excessive surge voltages induced by lightning. To
understand how the conductors in the electrical circuit will be connected to the system ground,
the following terms should be understood (also refer to ¿gure 2-4):
• Grounded Conductor (GC): The wire/cable in the electrical system that normally carries current
(usually the AC neutral and/or the DC negative); and is intentionally connected or “bonded” to
the ground system. This wire or the ends of this wire should be colored white or gray.
• Equipment Grounding Conductor (EGC): A wire/cable that does not normally carry current and
is used to connect the exposed metal parts of equipment - that might be accidentally energized
- to the grounding electrode system or the grounded conductor. This wire or the ends of this
wire should be green or green with a yellow stripe; or this wire can be bare copper.
• Grounding Electrode Conductor (GEC): The wire/cable that does not normally carry current and
connects the grounded conductor and/or the equipment grounding conductor to the grounding
electrode at the service equipment.
• Grounding Electrode (GE): A ground rod or conducting element that establishes an electrical
connection to the earth or common ground reference.
• System bonding jumper (SBJ) The connection between the grounded circuit conductor in the
electrical system and the equipment grounding conductor at a separately derived system.
There are two types of grounding - equipment grounding and system grounding.
The exposed metal parts of the equipment in the system usually don’t carry electricity. However,
if the exposed metal becomes electri¿ed by a live wire, a person touching this live part could
complete the electrical circuit and receive a shock. Equipment grounding prevents shock by connecting all the exposed metal parts of equipment (via Equipment Grounding Conductors - EGC)
together at a common ground point (Ground Bus-Bar - GBB). This common ground point - installed
in the service disconnect panel for each electrical system (AC and DC) - is then connected (via
Grounding Electrode Conductor - GEC) to the common ground reference, such as a ground rod
(Grounding Electrode - GE). This connection to earth is made at only one point in each electrical
system; otherwise, parallel paths will exist for the currents to Àow. These parallel current paths
would represent a safety hazard and are not allowed in installations wired per the NEC/CEC.
System grounding takes one of the current-carrying conductors (Grounded Conductor - GC) and
attaches it to the common ground point (Ground Bus-Bar - GBB) usually by a System Bonding
Jumper (SBJ) in each electrical service disconnect panel. On the DC side that is the negative conductor; on the AC side it’s the neutral conductor. The closer the grounding connection is to the
source, the better the protection from surges due to lightning.
A C E lec tric al S y s tem
A C S e rvice
Panel
D C E lec tric al S y s tem
H ot
N e u tra l
GB B
D C S e rvice
Panel
M S -P A E S eries Inv erter/ C harger
GC
SB J
Positive
AC
DC
N eutr al
N egative
AC G r ound
EGC
G E C -A C
GC
N e g a tive
SB J
D C G r ound
G rounding
S y s tem
GB B
EGC
G E C -D C
or
or
GE
Grounding Electrode
(AC side dedicated )
GE
Grounding Electrode
(AC and D C sides shared)
GE
Grounding Electrode
(D C side dedicated)
Figure 2-4, Grounding System for MS-PAE Series
Page 12
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
2.2.1 Sizing the Grounding Electrode Conductors
AC Side - The size of the AC Grounding Electrode Conductor (GEC –AC) depends on the size of the
largest ungrounded conductor feeding the AC load center. A #8 AWG (8.4 mm2) copper conductor
will serve as an AC Grounding Electrode Conductor (GEC –AC) for AC power conductors smaller
than and including #2 AWG (33.6 mm2) copper. See Table 2-1 for additional values.
Table 2-1, AC Grounding Electrode Conductor Sizing
AC Grounding Electrode Conductor Sizing
Size of Largest
Ungrounded Conductor
(Copper)
Minimum Size of
Grounding Electrode
Conductor (Copper)
2 AWG or smaller
#8 AWG
1 or 1/0 AWG
#6 AWG
2/0 or 3/0 AWG
#4 AWG
Over 3/0 AWG
through 350kcmil
#2 AWG
DC Side - To size the DC Grounding Electrode Conductor, you must ¿rst determine which one of the
following three methods will be used to connect the DC and AC grounding points in the inverter’s
two electrical systems to the common “earth” ground:
Method 1 (see ¿gure 2-5): This method uses a separate Grounding Electrode for the DC system
and the AC system. In this method - since there are multiple connections to the DC Grounding
Electrode (GEC – DC) - the size of the DC Grounding Electrode Conductor cannot be smaller than
the largest conductor in the DC system (usually the battery-to-inverter cable).
The DC Grounding Electrode (GE – DC) must be bonded to the AC Grounding Electrode (GE – AC)
to make a grounding electrode system; this bonding conductor (BC) cannot be smaller than the
largest Grounding Electrode Conductor, either AC or DC.
A C E lec tric al S y s tem
A C S e rvice
Panel
D C E lec tric al S y s tem
H ot
N e u tra l
GB B
D C S e rvice
Panel
M S -P A E S eries Inv erter/ C harger
GC
SB J
Positive
AC
DC
N eutr al
N egative
AC G r ound
EGC - A C
GC
D C G r ound
G rounding
S y s tem
N e g a tive
SB J
GB B
EGC - D C
G E C -A C
G E C -D C
GE
Grounding Electrode
(AC and D C sides shared)
Figure 2-5, Multiple Connections to DC Ground Rod (Method 1)
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 13
Installation
Method 2 (see ¿gure 2-6): When the AC and DC service panels are near each other, then the AC
Grounding Electrode Conductor (GEC – AC) and DC Grounding Electrode Conductor (GEC – DC)
can be connected to a single Grounding Electrode. In this method - since there are multiple connections to the DC Grounding Electrode (GEC – DC) - the size of the DC Grounding Electrode
Conductor can not be smaller than the largest conductor in the DC system (usually the batteryto-inverter cable).
A C E lec tric al S y s tem
A C S e rvice
Panel
D C E lec tric al S y s tem
H ot
N e u tra l
GB B
D C S e rvice
Panel
M S -P A E S eries Inv erter/ C harger
GC
Positive
AC
DC
N eutr al
N egative
SB J
AC G r ound
EGC - A C
GC
N e g a tive
SB J
D C G r ound
G rounding
S y s tem
GB B
EGC - D C
G E C -D C
G E C -A C
GE
Grounding Electrode
(AC and D C sides shared)
Figure 2-6, Multiple Connections to DC Ground Rod (Method 2)
Method 3 (see ¿gure 2-7): The AC Grounding Electrode Conductor (GEC – AC) is bonded to the
DC ground point and the DC Grounding Electrode Conductor (GEC – DC) is the only connection to
the Grounding Electrode, which must be a rod, pipe, or plate electrode.
In this method, since there is only one connection to the ground rod, the DC Grounding Electrode
Conductor is not required to be larger than #6 AWG (13 mm2) copper. The reasoning for allowing
this smaller grounding electrode conductor is that it is only required to stabilize the system voltage with respect to earth and the other properly-sized conductors in each electrical system will
safely carry any fault currents if they occur.
A C E lec tric al S y s tem
A C S e rvice
Panel
D C E lec tric al S y s tem
H ot
N e u tra l
GB B
D C S e rvice
Panel
M S -P A E S eries Inv erter/ C harger
GC
SB J
Positive
AC
DC
N eutr al
N egative
AC G r ound
N e g a tive
SB J
D C G r ound
EGC - A C
G E C -A C
GC
GB B
EGC - D C
G rounding
S y s tem
GE
G E C -D C
Grounding Electrode
(D C side dedicated)
Figure 2-7, Single Connection to DC Ground Rod (Method 3)
Page 14
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
2.2.2 System Bonding Jumper
The MS-PAE Series inverter does not include an internal bond between the Grounded Conductor
(AC neutral/DC negative) and the equipment grounding terminals. This bond [System Bonding
Jumper (SBJ)] is usually done in the main distribution panel for each electrical system.
CAUTION: There should be one and only one point in each electrical system (both
AC and DC) where the Grounded Conductor is attached to the Grounding Electrode
Conductor.
AC Side – The size of the System Bonding Jumper (SBJ) in the AC electrical system is based on
the area of the largest AC ungrounded conductor. In accordance with the NEC, use Table 2-1 to
determine the System Bonding Jumper size compared to the largest AC ungrounded conductor.
DC Side - The size of the System Bonding Jumper (SBJ) in the DC electrical system must not be
smaller than the DC Grounding Electrode Conductor (GEC – DC) used, which is determined from
the grounding method that will be used (see section 2.2.1).
2.2.3 Equipment Grounding Conductor
The inverter case and all other non-current-carrying exposed metal surfaces in the entire electrical system that may be accidentally energized must be grounded. The equipment-grounding
conductor must be sized to safely carry the maximum ground-fault current likely to be imposed
on it from where a ground-fault may occur. In accordance with the NEC, use Table 2-2 to size the
equipment-grounding conductors. This table requires that the equipment-grounding conductor be
sized according to the rating of the overcurrent device protecting the circuit.
CAUTION: The connections and wiring for the equipment-grounding conductor must
be continuous to allow fault currents to properly operate overcurrent devices. Where
equipment is removed and this disconnects the bonding connection between the
grounding electrode conductor and exposed conducting surfaces, a bonding jumper
must be installed while the equipment is removed.
AC Side - Where the AC output from the inverter is connected to an AC load center, there should
be an equipment grounding conductor connected between the inverter case and the grounding
point in the AC load center. The AC Equipment Grounding Conductor (EGC – AC) is sized per Table
2-2 and is connected to the inverter’s AC equipment grounding terminal shown in ¿gure 2-12.
DC Side - Since the currents on the DC side are higher than the AC side (5 times at 24 volts, 2.5
times at 48 volts), the equipment grounding needs are different. The DC Equipment Grounding Conductor (EGC – DC) is sized per Table 2-2 and connected to the DC equipment grounding terminal
on the inverter shown in ¿gure 1-2 (item 12).
Table 2-2, Equipment Grounding Conductor Sizing
Equipment Grounding Conductor Sizing
Rating of Overcurrent
Device
Minimum Size of
Copper Ground Wire
15 amp
#14 AWG
20 amp
#12 AWG
30 - 60 amp
#10 AWG
100 amp
#8 AWG
200 amp
#6 AWG
300 amp
#4 AWG
400 amp
#3 AWG
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 15
Installation
2.3 DC Wiring
This section describes the inverter’s required DC wire sizes and the recommended disconnect/overcurrent protection and how to make the DC connections to the inverter and the battery bank.
Refer to ¿gure 2-8 when connecting the DC wires.
WARNING: Even though DC voltage is “low voltage”, signi¿cant hazards may be present, particularly from short circuits of the battery system.
CAUTION: The inverter is NOT reverse polarity protected which means that if the negative and positive battery voltage is connected backwards to the inverter, the inverter
will likely be damaged. You should verify the correct voltage polarity using a voltmeter
BEFORE connecting the DC wires.
Info: DO NOT connect the battery cables to the inverter until all wiring is complete
and the correct DC voltage and polarity has been veri¿ed.
CAUTION: Before wiring the DC cables, review the safety information at the beginning of this manual and the following to ensure a safe and long-lived system:
Page 16
•
When the inverter is installed in a Photovoltaic System, the NEC requires that the
DC circuit conductors and overcurrent devices to the inverter be sized to carry not
less than 125 percent of the inverter’s maximum current rating.
•
The DC positive and negative cables connected to the inverter from the battery
bank should be tied together with wire ties or electrical tape approximately every
6 inches. This helps improves the surge capability and reduces the effects of inductance, which improves the inverter waveform and reduces the wear of the inverter’s
¿lter capacitors.
•
Crimped and sealed copper ring terminal lugs with a 5/16” hole should be used to
connect the DC wires to the inverter’s DC terminals.
•
The battery bank voltage MUST match the DC voltage required by the inverter (i.e.
24-volt battery bank for a 24-volt inverter) or the inverter may be damaged.
•
To ensure the maximum performance from the inverter, all connections from the battery bank to the inverter should be minimized, the exception is the DC overcurrent
disconnect in the positive line and a shunt in the negative line. Any other additional
connection will contribute to additional voltage drops and these extra connections
points may loosen during use.
•
All wiring to the battery terminals should be checked periodically (once a month)
for proper tightness. The torque requirement for the DC terminals is between 10
to 12 ft lbf (13.6 to 16.3 Nm). If you don’t have a torque wrench, ensure all DC
terminals are tight and cannot move.
•
Be aware that overtightening or misthreading the nuts on the DC terminals can
cause the bolts to strip and snap/break off.
•
Make sure cables have a smooth bend radius and do not become kinked. Place long
cable runs in conduit and follow existing wire runs where possible.
•
A brief spark or arc may occur when connecting the battery cables to the inverter
DC terminals; this is normal and due to the inverter’s internal capacitors being
charged.
•
Color code the DC cables/wires with colored tape or heat shrink tubing: RED for positive
(+); WHITE for negative (-); and GREEN for DC ground to avoid polarity problems.
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
M S-PAE
Inverter /Charger
front view
B TS
B TS
Inv e rte r’s D C N e ga tiv e C onne c tion
Inv e rte r’s D C P os itiv e C onne c tion
Inv e rte r’s E quipm e nt G round W ire
B a tte ry Te m p S e ns or C a ble*
M M P e nc los ure – for s ingle inv e rte r ins ta lla tions (inc lude s
D C dis c onne c t bre a k e r, D C s hunt for ba tte ry m onitor a nd
inv e rte r D C bus s ba rs). If m ultiple inv e rte rs w ill be ins ta lle d ,
s e e the M P e nc los ure s; w hic h a re de s igne d to a llow up to
four inv e rte rs to be c onne c te d toge the r .
B a tte ry B a nk ’s E quipm e nt G round W ire
B a tte ry B a nk ’s N e ga tiv e C a ble
B a tte ry B a nk ’s P os itiv e C a ble
D C S y s te m G rounding point
[E le c trode C onduc tor
(i. e. ground rod )]
Battery Bank
Figure 2-8, DC and Battery Temperature Sensor Wiring
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 17
Installation
2.3.1 DC Wire Sizing
It is important to use the correct DC wire to achieve maximum ef¿ciency from the system and
reduce ¿re hazards associated with overheating. Always keep your wire runs as short as practical
to help prevent low voltage shutdowns and keep the DC breaker from nuisance tripping (or open
fuses) because of increased current draw. See Table 2-3 to select the minimum DC wire size (and
corresponding overcurrent device) required based on your inverter model. The cable sizes listed in
Table 2-3 for your inverter model are required to reduce stress on the inverter, minimize voltage
drops, increase system ef¿ciency and ensure the inverter’s ability to surge heavy loads.
If the distance from the inverter to the battery bank is greater than 5 feet, the DC wire will need
to be increased. Longer distances cause an increase in resistance, which affects the performance
of the inverter. Continue to use the overcurrent device previously determined from Table 2-3 and
then refer to Table 2-4 to determine the minimum DC wire size needed for various distances based
on your inverter model.
2.3.2 DC Overcurrent Protection
For safety and to comply with electrical code regulations, you must install a DC overcurrent protection device in the positive DC cable line to protect your DC cables. This DC overcurrent device
can be a fuse or circuit breaker and must be DC rated. It must be correctly sized according to
the size of DC cables being used, which means it is required to open before the cable reaches its
maximum current carrying capability, thereby preventing a ¿re. In a residential or commercial
electrical installation, the NEC requires both overcurrent protection and a disconnect switch. If a
circuit breaker is used as the overcurrent protection device, it can also be used as the required
DC disconnect.
If a fuse is used as an overcurrent device, a Class-T type or equivalent is recommended. This fuse
type is rated for DC operation, can handle the high short-circuit currents and allow for momentary
current surges from the inverter without opening. However, because the fuse can be energized
from both directions, if it is accessible to unquali¿ed persons, the NEC requires that it be installed
in a manner that the power can be disconnected on both ends of the fuse before servicing.
See Table 2-3 to select the DC overcurrent device needed based on the minimum wire size according to your inverter model.
Table 2-3, Recommended DC Wire/Overcurrent Device
Inverter Model
Maximum
Continuous
Current1
NEC
Current2
MS4024PAE
222 amps
278 amps
MS3748PAEJ
102 amps
128 amps
MS4448PAE
122 amps
153 amps
Recommended DC
Wire Size3
(conduit rating)
#4/0 AWG
(260 amps)
#2/0 AWG
(195 amps)
#2/0 AWG
(195 amps)
Recommended DC DC Grounding
Electrode Wire
Overcurrent
Device
Size5
250 amps4
#6 AWG
175 amps
#6 AWG
175 amps
#6 AWG
12345
Note 1 - Maximum Continuous Current is based on continuous power rating at the lowest input voltage.
Note 2 - NEC Current is based on the Maximum Continuous Current rating with a 125% NEC de-rating for
sizing the overcurrent device (when not continuous duty) to prevent it from being operated at more than
80% of rating.
Note 3 - Copper wire rated with 90°C (194°F) insulation at an ambient temperature of 30°C (86°F), with a
multiple cable ¿ll factor (0.8) de-rating (if needed).
Note 4 - The next larger standard size overcurrent device may be used if the derated cable ampacity falls
between the standard overcurrent device sizes found in the NEC.
Note 5 - Per the NEC, the DC grounding electrode conductor can be a #6 AWG conductor if that is the only
connection to the grounding electrode and that grounding electrode is a rod, pipe, or plate electrode.
Page 18
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
Table 2-4, DC Wire Size For Increased Distance
Minimum Recommended DC Wire Size (one way)*
5 ft or less
5 to 10 ft
10 to 15 ft
MS4024PAE
#2/0 AWG x 2
#4/0 AWG x 2
not recommended
MS3748PAEJ
& MS4448PAE
#2/0 AWG
#4/0 AWG
#4/0 AWG x 2
* Copper wire rated with 90°C (194°F) insulation at an ambient temperature of 30°C (86°F).
2.3.3 DC Cable Connections
Do not put anything between the DC cable ring lug and the battery terminal post or the Àat metal
part of the inverter’s DC terminal. When connecting the DC cable to the battery or inverter DC
terminals, the cable should be placed directly against the inverter or battery terminals. Incorrectly
installed hardware causes a high resistance connection which could lead to poor inverter/charger
performance and may melt the cable and terminal connections.
Follow ¿gures 2-9 and 2-10 on how to connect the DC cables and stack the hardware correctly.
Tighten the terminal connections from 10 to 12 ft lbf (13.6 to 16.3 Nm).
CAUTION: The DC terminal bolt and nut are made of stainless steel which have a high
likelihood of seizure. To help prevent the bolt and nut from seizing - causing the bolt to
strip or snap/break-off - the use of anti-seize lubricant is highly recommended.
Info: If antioxidant grease or spray is used, apply it after all the connections have been
made and are properly tighten.
Info: A 1/2-inch wrench or socket is used to tighten the 5/16 SAE Flange or Kep nuts.
NUT
CAUTION:
ENSURE NOTHING IS PLACED
BETWEEN THE DC TERMINAL
AND RING LUG.
SPLIT WASHER
BATTERY
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
FLAT WASHER
BATTERY CABLE
INVERTER DC
(WITH RING LUG)
TERMINAL
(5/16 - 18” BOLT,
5/8” LENGTH)
CAUTION:
ENSURE NOTHING IS
PLACED BETWEEN
THE CABLE RING LUG
AND BATTERY POST.
BATTERY
POST
Figure 2-9, Battery Hardware
Installation
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
5/16 - 18”
FLANGE OR
KEP NUT
BATTERY CABLE
(WITH RING LUG)
Figure 2-10, Inverter DC Hardware
Installation
Page 19
Installation
2.3.4 Wiring the Battery Bank
WARNING: Lethal currents will be present if the positive and negative cables attached
to the battery bank touch each other. During the installation and wiring process, ensure the cable ends are insulated or covered to prevent touching/shorting the cables.
Info: DO NOT connect the DC wires from the battery bank to the inverter until 1) all
DC and AC wiring is complete, 2) the correct DC and AC overcurrent protection has
been installed and 3) the correct DC voltage and polarity have been veri¿ed.
Info: For the MS-PAE Series inverter/charger to perform optimally, a minimum battery
bank of 200 AH is recommended for moderate loads (<1000W) and greater than 400
AH for heavy loads (•1000W).
Depending upon the type of batteries you use in the installation (6 or 12 VDC), the batteries must
be wired in series, parallel or series-parallel to provide the correct voltage (see Appendix C - Battery Wiring, for guidance on wiring batteries together). The interconnecting DC wires must be sized
and rated exactly the same as those that are used between the battery bank and the inverter.
Place the batteries as close as practical to the inverter, preferably in an insulated and ventilated
enclosure. Allow adequate space above the batteries to access the terminals and vent caps (as
applicable). Also allow at least 1” of space between the batteries to provide good air Àow. DO NOT
mount the batteries directly under the inverter.
Info: To ensure the best performance from your inverter system, batteries should be of
the same size, type, rating and age. Do not use old or untested batteries.
CAUTION: Install batteries in a well ventilated area. Batteries can produce explosive
gasses. For compartment/enclosure installations, always vent batteries to the outside.
2.3.5 Battery Temperature Sensor Installation and Wiring
The Battery Temperature Sensor (shown in ¿gure 2-11) provides the inverter with precise battery
temperature information to automatically adjusts the battery charger’s BULK, ABSORB and FLOAT
voltage setpoints This allows the batteries to be correctly charged under extreme temperature
changes. If the temperature sensor is NOT installed and if the batteries are subjected to large
temperature changes, the battery life may be shortened.
To install the BTS:
Attach the ring terminal end of the Battery Temperature Sensor to the negative battery terminal;
see ¿gure 2-9 for proper connection to the battery terminal.
Route the sensor’s cable to the inverter following existing wire runs.
Connect the RJ11 connector end of the BTS cable to the BTS port (yellow label) on the inverter.
~2"
~1"
FFRONT
R O N TVIEW
V IE W
~¾ ”
Cable
SSIDE
ID EVIEW
V IE W
0.375" diam eter
~½ ”
Figure 2-11, Battery Temperature Sensor
Page 20
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
2.3.6 Wiring the Inverter to the Battery Bank
CAUTION: Inverter is NOT reverse polarity protected, if this happens the inverter will
be damaged and will not be covered under warranty. Before connecting the DC wires
from the batteries to the inverter, verify the correct battery voltage and polarity using
a voltmeter. If the positive terminal of the battery is connected to the negative terminal of the inverter and vice versa, severe damage will result. If necessary, color code
the cables (with colored tape): red for positive (+); black for negative (-) to avoid
polarity confusion.
Info: The DC overcurrent device (i.e. circuit breaker) must be placed in the positive
(red) DC cable line between the inverter’s positive DC terminal and the battery’s positive terminal (red); as close to the battery as possible.
DC Ground Wire
Route an appropriately sized DC grounding wire (green or bare wire) from the inverter’s DC
equipment ground terminal (item 7 in ¿gure 1-2) to a dedicated system ground. Recommended
tightening torque is 45 in lbf (5.1 Nm). Refer to section 2.6 for grounding information and sizing
the DC ground wires.
DC Negative Wire
Route an appropriately sized DC negative wire (black) from the negative terminal of the battery
bank to the inverter’s negative terminal (item 11 in ¿gure 1-2).
Info: If installing a battery monitor such as Magnum’s ME-BMK, install a DC shunt inline with the negative battery cable.
DC Positive Wire
Mount the circuit breaker assembly as near as practical to the batteries and open the circuit
breaker.
WARNING: DO NOT close the DC circuit breaker to connect battery power to the
inverter at this time. This will occur in the Functional Test after the installation is
complete.
CAUTION: If connecting live battery cables to the inverter DC terminals, a brief spark
or arc may occur; this is normal and due to the inverter’s internal capacitors being
charged.
Route and connect an appropriately sized DC positive wire (red) from the inverter’s positive DC
terminal (item 10 in ¿gure 1-2) to one end of circuit breaker (or DC fuse block).
Connect a short wire (same rating as the DC wires) to the other side of the DC circuit breaker
and the other end of the short wire to the positive terminal of the battery bank (see ¿gure 2-1
for reference). This is essential to ensure even charging and discharging across the entire battery
bank.
Ensure the DC wire connections (on the batteries, inverter and DC circuit breaker) are Àush on
the surface of the DC terminal’s and the hardware (lock washer and nut) used to hold these connections are stacked correctly (see ¿gures 2-9 and 2-10). Verify all DC connections are torqued
from 10 to 12 ft lbf (13.6 to 16.3 Nm).
Once the DC connections are completely wired and tested, coat the terminals with an approved
anti-oxidizing spray.
Attach the red and black terminal covers over the inverter’s DC connectors and secure them in
place with the supplied screws.
If the batteries are in an enclosure, perform a ¿nal check of the connections to the battery terminals, then close and secure the battery enclosure.
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 21
Installation
2.4 AC Wiring
This section provides information on how to make the AC connections to the inverter using the
correct AC wire size and corresponding overcurrent protection. Refer to ¿gure 2-13 for an overview of the AC wiring.
2.4.1 Pre-AC Wring Requirements
CAUTION: Before installing any AC wiring, review the safety information at the beginning of this manual and the following to ensure a safe and long-lived system:
•
AC Loads powered by the inverter will need to installed into an electrical panel.
•
Read all instructions and cautionary markings located at the beginning of this manual
and in the pre-installation section, before installing the inverter and batteries.
•
Always use properly rated circuit-breakers. If using an electrical sub-panel, circuit
breakers can be moved from the main electrical panel to the sub-panel only if the
breakers are also listed to be installed in the sub-panel.
•
AC wiring must be no less than #10 AWG (5.3 mm2) gauge copper wire and be approved for residential wiring per the NEC (THHN as an example).
•
DO NOT connect the inverter’s output to an AC power source.
•
Listed or labeled equipment shall be installed and used in accordance with any instructions included in the listing or labeling.
2.4.2 AC Wire Size and Overcurrent Protection
The AC input and output wiring must be sized per the NEC and local electrical safety code requirements to ensure the wires ability to safely handle the inverter’s maximum load current. After
determining the proper AC wire sizes, the inverter’s AC input and output wires are required to be
protected from short circuits and overloads by an overcurrent protection device and have a means
to disconnect the AC circuits.
Overcurrent protection is not included in the inverter and must be provided as part of the installation. The overcurrent protection device must be a circuit breaker or a fuse and be properly sized
and branch circuit rated for the wire it is protecting and the appliances being powered.
The MS-PAE series provides a terminal block (see ¿gure 2-12) that allows the AC input and output wiring to be permanently wired. This terminal block allows a service/distribution panel (main
panel) to be wired to the inverter’s input and a dedicated panel (sub-panel) between the inverter’s
output wiring and the AC loads. These systems use the circuit breakers provided in the panels as
the overcurrent protection and the AC disconnect device.
When in the Standby mode, the full AC continuous pass-thru capacity of the MS-PAE Series inverter/charger is 30 amps for each AC leg (AC HOT 1 and AC HOT 2). To obtain the 30 amp continuous pass-thru capability of the inverter, each AC HOT input to the inverter requires a 30 amp
continuous duty rated double-pole breaker1, which corresponds to a minimum cable size of #10
AWG2 in conduit. If you are using other wire sizes, refer to the appropriate electrical codes for
circuit breaker requirements.
CAUTION: The inverter’s internal AC transfer relay is rated for 30 amps (each leg),
the pass-thru current must be no greater than 30 amps or damage to this relay may
occur.
Note 1 - The breaker must be derated by 80% if not rated for continuous duty. The NEC requires that circuits are not to be operated continuously at more than 80% of rating unless listed with a 100% continuous
rating.
Note 2 - Copper wire rated with 90°C insulation at an ambient temperature of 30°C (86°F).
Page 22
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
2.4.3 Recommended GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interruption) Breakers
Some electrical safety codes require the use of GFCI’s. In compliance with UL standards, Magnum
Energy has tested the following GFCI’s and ¿nd that they function properly when connected to
the inverter’s AC output:
Shock SentryTM #XGF15V-SP
Leviton Smart Lock #8899-A
Hubbel #GF520EMBKA
WARNING: Risk of electric shock. Use only the ground-fault circuit interrupter
[receptacle(s) or circuit breaker(s)] speci¿ed in this manual. Other types may fail to
operate properly when connected to this inverter equipment.
2.4.4 AC Input and Output Wiring Connections
The inverter has a six-connection AC terminal block and two AC ground terminals to connect the
Inverter’s AC input and output wiring. To access and view the AC terminal block and ground terminals, remove the two Phillips screws holding the AC access cover plate (see ¿gure 1-3, item 15).
Each connection on the AC terminal block is rated for 105°C and can accept one #18 to #2 AWG
(0.82 to 33.6 mm2) CU stranded wire; or two #14 to #8 AWG (2.1 to 8.7 mm2) CU stranded wires.
Each connection uses a 1/4-28 screw and the maximum tightening torque is 32 in lbf (3.6 Nm).
Each AC ground terminal can accept one #14 to #6 AWG (2.1 to 13 mm2) stranded. Recommended
tightening torque is 45 in lbf (5.1 Nm).
Info: The two neutral terminals are common to each other and can be used in any
combination or order. In a residential application, it is often easier to only connect one
AC neutral wire to the inverter and make the other neutral connections at a central
point such as in the AC electrical panel.
AC HOT 1 IN
AC HOT 2 IN
AC HOT 1 OUT
AC NEUTRAL
AC NEUTRAL
AC GROUNDS
(X2)
AC HOT 2 OUT
Figure 2-12, AC Terminal Block
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 23
Installation
INVERTER
/CHARGER
M MS-PAE
S -P A E In
v e rte r/C
h a rg e r
(
ON
MMP
S
ERIES
E
NCLOSURE
(o n M M P x x x-3 0D E n c lo s u re
WITH
w ith
h oHOOD
o d aAND
n d BACKPLATE
b a c k p la) te)
A C T e rm in a l B lo c k
( A C in p u t a n d o u tp u t w irin g )
A C H OT 1 IN
(fro m M ain Pan el)
M S -P A E
In verter /C h arg er
A C H OT 2 IN
(fro m M ain Pan el)
A C H OT 1 OU T
(to Su b Pan el/ L o ad s)
A C N EU T R A L
(to/fro m eith er Pan el)
A C N EU T R A L
(to/fro m eith er Pan el)
A C H OT 2 OU T
(to Su b Pan el/ L o ad s)
A C GR OU N D
(to/fro m eith er Pan el)
In v e rte r’s A C in p u t
a n d o u tp u t w irin g
g o e s th ro u g h A C
b y p a s s s w itc h
a s s e m b ly w h e n u s in g
M M P e n c lo s u re
ON
ON
OF F
ON
O FF
OF F
OO FF
OF F
O FF
OF F
O FF
OO N
ON
ON
O FF
ON
OF F
ON
ON
O FF
ON
ON
OF F
120
VA C
ON
O FF
120
VA C
ON
ON
OO N
S u b P a n e l a n d O u tle ts
(In v e rte r A C L o a d s )
ON
ON
OO FF
FF
OF F
O FF
FF
240
VA C
ON
OFF
OFF
M a in P a n e l
(U tility /G e n e ra to r ”3 0 A p e r le g )
Figure 2-13, AC Wiring
Page 24
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
2.4.5 Wiring the AC Input and Output
The MS-PAE series provides 120/240VAC on the output, but the input may be wired either as a
120/240VAC input or a 120VAC input (to one input only) depending on your AC source. The AC output
will continue to produce 120/240VAC with either the 120/240VAC or 120VAC input con¿guration.
WARNING: DO NOT connect 120VAC (same phase) to both AC HOT 1 IN and AC HOT 2
IN inputs. These inputs must be 180° out-of-phase (i.e. 120/240VAC). If you only have a
120VAC source, you may connect to either the AC HOT 1 IN or AC HOT 2 IN, but NOT to
both or damage may occur.
WARNING: Before making any AC connections, make sure that the inverter is disconnected from the battery bank and also all AC power is disconnected from the inverter.
CAUTION: The inverter’s AC output must never be connected to an AC power source.
This could cause severe damage to the inverter and is not covered under warranty.
Info: Torque all AC screw terminals to 16 in lbf (1.8 Nm).
The following steps are a basic guideline for installation and connection of the AC wiring into and
out of the inverter (refer to ¿gure 2-13 for the AC wiring installation)
1. Remove the two Phillips screws on the AC wiring compartment cover (item 15 in ¿gure 1-3) to
access the internal AC terminal block.
2. If installing an optional enclosure [i.e. ME-CB (Conduit box), MMP Series (single inverter enclosure), or MP Series (multiple inverter enclosure)] to the bottom of the inverter, ensure the
knockout(s) that will be used for the conduit are removed. Fasten the conduit to the enclosure
using appropriate conduit connectors. Feed all AC wiring through the enclosure and into the inverter AC terminal block; be sure to leave several extra inches of wire to work with. At least two
sets of conductor wiring will be needed, one from the AC source (or Main Panel) to the inverter
input and another from the inverter output to the sub-panel.
Wiring the Inverter AC Input (from the main panel)
3. a. For a 120/240VAC input: From the main panel’s dedicated dual-pole circuit breaker, connect
the hot 1 wire (black) to the “AC HOT 1 IN” terminal and the hot 2 wire (red) to the “AC HOT 2
IN” terminal.
b. For a 120VAC input: From the main panel’s dedicated single-pole circuit breaker, connect the hot
wire (black) to the “AC HOT 1 IN” or AC HOT 2 IN” terminal, but NOT both or damage may occur.
4. Connect the neutral (white) wire from the main panel’s neutral bus bar to one of the “AC NEUTRAL” terminals (both “AC NEUTRAL” terminals are common to each other).
5. Connect the safety ground (green) wire from the main panel’s ground bus bar to one of the
“AC GROUND” terminals.
Wiring the Inverter AC Output (to the sub-panel)
6. Connect the hot 1 (black) wire to the “AC HOT 1 OUT” terminal and the hot 2 (red) wire to the
“AC HOT 2 OUT” terminal.
7. Connect the neutral (white) wire to the open “AC NEUTRAL” terminal.
8. Connect the ground (green) wire to the open “AC GROUND” terminal.
9. After making the AC output connections, route the outgoing AC wires to the appropriate busbars in an AC load panel equipped with branch-rated circuit breakers (i.e. sub-panel).
Final Inspection
Gently pull on the wires to ensure they are securely held and ensure no bare wire is exposed.
The AC input and output wiring in the inverter should be complete, prior to reattaching the AC
access cover, review all AC wiring to ensure all connections are correct and secure.
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 25
Installation
2.5 Inverter Warning Label
A warning label is provided to inform all personnel that an inverter is installed in your electrical
system. Af¿x this label in a clearly visible location at the electrical panel that is being powered by
the inverter. This is because it might be falsely assumed that the panel is no longer “hot” after
the AC power has been shut off, when power may actually still be available due to the inverter
automatically powering the panel.
T h is electrical
e le c tric al ssystem
y s te m isis eequipped
q u ip p e d wwith
ith a an
n AAutomatic
u to m a tic
This
G e n era to r SStarting
ta rtin g (A
G S ) ddevice
e v ic e a and/or
n d /o r a nanininverter.
v e rte r.
Generator
(AGS)
D is c o nn e c t aall
ll AAC
C aand
n d DDC
C ppower
o w e r totoththe
e AAGS
G S a nand/or
d /o r
Disconnect
in v e rte r b
e fo re pperforming
e rfo rm in g aany
n y sservice
e rv ic e totothe
le c tric a l
inverter
before
thee electrical
s y ste m . FFailure
a ilu re to
o sso
o ccan
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h oc k cacausing
u s ing
system.
to ddo
result
serio us i injury
n jury or
ath .
serious
ordedeath.
P N : 62 -0 002 R e v A
Figure 2-14, Warning Label
2.5.1 Inverter Power Identification and Disconnect Location Requirements
When an inverter is installed in a building, facility or structure, the NEC (National Electrical Code)
requires a label or plaque to be provided. This label/plaque is required to be easily visible and
provide information that informs personnel on the location of all electrical system disconnects. This
is to ensure all power to a building is quickly located and shutdown in an emergency. There are
also speci¿c requirements for this label/plaque depending on the inverter application, they are:
(A) Facilities with Standalone Systems. Any building, facility, or structure with a photovoltaic power
system that is not connected to a utility service source and is a standalone system must have
a permanent plaque or directory installed on the exterior of the building or structure at a readily visible location acceptable to the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ). The plaque or directory
must provide the location of system disconnecting means and information regarding whether the
structure contains a standalone electrical power system.
(B) Facilities with Utility Services and PV Systems. Buildings, facilities, or structures with both
utility service and a photovoltaic system must have a permanent plaque or directory providing the
location of the service disconnecting means and the photovoltaic system disconnecting means if
they are not located at the same location.
Page 26
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Installation
2.6 Functional Test
1. After all electrical connections to the inverter, batteries, AC source, and sub-panel have been
completed; follow these steps to test the installation and the inverter operation.
CAUTION: Use a multimeter to verify the correct DC voltage for your particular inverter model (i.e. 48-volt battery bank for a 48-volt inverter) and ensure the polarity of
the battery voltage is correct (battery positive connected to inverter positive terminal
and negative battery connected to inverter negative terminal).
2. Apply battery power to the inverter by closing the DC circuit-breaker. The inverter will remain
OFF, but the green status indicator on the front of the inverter will quickly blink once to indicate
that DC power has been connected and is ready to be turned on.
3. Prior to turning on the inverter, make sure all AC loads (i.e. appliances) are NOT connected to
the inverters output or any AC outlets powered by the inverter.
4. Lightly press and release the inverter’s ON/OFF switch to turn the inverter ON. Verify the
inverter’s status indicator is blinking - indicating the inverter is ON.
5. Connect a • 10 watt light bulb to the inverter output and verify it comes on and shines normally. DO
NOT connect anything but a light bulb, until all wiring and voltages are con¿rmed to be correct.
Info: The inverter’s AC output voltage will not be correct until a > 5 watt load (5 watts
is default setting) is connected to the inverter; or the search mode is turned OFF with
a remote display. The 10 watt or greater light bulb is used because it is a suf¿cient load
to bring the inverter out of “search” mode up to full voltage.
6. Check the AC output voltage of the inverter by connecting an AC voltmeter to the output terminals as shown in ¿gure 2-15 and verify the correct output voltages.
7. Press and release the inverter’s ON/OFF switch to turn the inverter off. The inverter’s status
indicator and the connected load should go off.
8. Apply AC power to the inverter’s AC input. After the AC input power is quali¿ed (approximately
15 seconds), the incoming AC power will transfer through the inverter to the inverter’s AC output
and power the light bulb. Verify the inverter’s status indicator and the light bulb comes on.
9. Even though the light bulb is on, the inverter is currently disabled (off). Press and release the
ON/OFF switch on the inverter to enable (turn-on) the inverter.
10. Disconnect the incoming AC power to the inverter. Verify the light bulb remains on and is now
is powered by the inverter.
If the inverter passes all the steps, the inverter is ready for use. If the inverter fails any of the
steps, refer to the Troubleshooting section.
A C T e rm in a l B lo c k
A C O u tp u t
240 V A C
(+ /- 5% )
A C O u tp u t
120 V A C
(+ /- 5% )
30
3300
A C O u tp u t
120 V A C
(+ /- 5% )
N eu tral to G ro u n d
< 0.5V A C
Figure 2-15, AC Voltage Checks
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 27
Operation
3.0 Operation
The MS-PAE Series inverter has two normal operating routines; 1. Inverter Mode, which powers
your loads using the batteries, and 2. Standby Mode, which transfers the incoming AC Power (i.e.
utility power or a generator) to power your loads and uses this incoming power to recharge the
batteries. This inverter also includes an extensive protection circuitry to shut-down the inverter
under certain fault conditions.
3.1 Inverter Mode
When the MS-PAE series is ¿rst powered up, it defaults to the OFF mode. The momentary ON/OFF
power switch (item 1 ¿gure 1-1) must be lightly pressed to turn the inverter ON. Subsequently
pressing this switch alternately turns the inverter OFF and ON.
Inverter OFF - When the inverter is OFF, no power is used from the batteries to power the AC
loads and the status LED will be OFF. If AC power from an external source (Utility or Generator)
is connected and quali¿ed on the inverter’s AC input, this AC input power will pass through the
inverter to power the AC loads. However, if this AC power is lost, the AC loads will no longer be
powered because the inverter is OFF.
When the inverter is turned ON, it operates either by “Searching” or “Inverting”, depending on
the connected AC loads.
Searching - When the inverter is ¿rst turned ON, the automatic Search feature is enabled. This
feature is provided to conserve battery power when AC power is not required. In this mode, the
inverter pulses the AC output looking for an AC load (i.e. electrical appliance). Whenever an AC load
(greater than 5 watts) is turned on, the inverter recognizes the need for power and automatically
starts inverting. When there is no load (or less than 5 watts) detected, the inverter automatically
goes back into search mode to minimize energy consumption from the battery bank. When the
inverter is “Searching”, the inverter’s green LED Àashes (fast).
Info: The factory default value for the Search feature is 5 watts, it can be turned off
or adjusted from 5 to 50 watts using the ME-RC or ME-ARC remote display.
Inverting - When a load greater than 5 watts is connected to the inverter output, the MS-PAE
series “inverts” the DC power from the battery and supplies 120/240VAC power to your sub-panel
The inverter’s green LED Àashes once every 2 seconds (medium Àash) to indicate it is inverting.
The amount of time the inverter can be inverting and provide power is directly related to the
amount of AC loads that are connected and the capacity of the battery bank. Refer to ¿gure 3-1
to see the Àow of power from the DC input to the AC output while in the Inverter Mode.
C B 3 (30 A )
AC
OU T
AC T ransfer R elay
AC H OT 1 IN
AC H OT 1 OU T
C B 2 (30 A )
AC H OT 2 IN
AC H OT 2 OU T
AC N EU T R AL
240
VA C
120
VAC
120
VAC
AC N EU T R AL
AC
DC
IN
D C N EGAT IVE
D C POSIT IVE
DC
F ET Bridge
Pow er T ransform er
Figure 3-1, Power Flow - Inverter Mode
Page 28
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Operation
3.2 Standby Mode
The MS-PAE Series features an automatic transfer relay and an internal battery charger when
operating in the Standby Mode. The Standby Mode begins whenever AC Power (Utility or Generator) is connected to the inverter’s AC input. Once the AC voltage and frequency of the incoming
AC power is within the AC input limits, an automatic AC transfer relay is activated. This transfer
relay passes the incoming AC power through the inverter to power the AC loads on the inverter’s
output. This incoming power is also used to activate a powerful internal battery charger to keep
the battery bank charged in case of a power failure. Refer to ¿gure 3-2 to see the Àow of power
from the AC input to the DC and AC output while in the Standby Mode.
AC
IN
120
VAC
C B 3 (30A )
240
VA C
AC H OT 1 IN
120
VAC
AC H OT 2 IN
AC
OU T
AC T ransfer R elay
C B 2 (30A )
AC N EU T R AL
AC H OT 1 OU T
240
VA C
AC H OT 2 OU T
120
VAC
120
VAC
AC N EU T R AL
AC
DC
OU T
D C N EGAT IVE
D C POSIT IVE
DC
F ET Bridge
Pow er T ransform er
Figure 3-2, Power Flow - Standby Mode
3.2.1 Battery Charging
Magnum Energy’s MS-PAE Series is equipped with an active PFC (Power Factor Corrected) and PI
(Proportional-Integral) multistage battery charger. The PFC feature is used to control the amount
of power used to charge the batteries in order to obtain a power factor as close as possible to 1
(or unity). This causes the battery charger to look like a resistor to the line (forces the charge
current waveshape to mirror the voltage waveshape). The PI feature allows the charger voltage
and current to change independently. These two features maximize the real power available from
either utility or generator AC power sources, which translates into less power wasted and greater
charging capabilities than most chargers available today.
When an AC source is connected to the AC input, the inverter begins monitoring for acceptable AC
voltage. Once the inverter has accepted this AC voltage, the AC transfer relay closes and the Charge
Mode begins. After Charge Mode begins, the DC voltage is monitored to determine the charging
stage. If the DC voltage is low (” 25.6 / 24-volt models or ” 51.2 / 48-volt models), the charger
begins Bulk Charging. If the DC voltage is high (>25.6 / 24-volt models or >51.2 / 48-volt models),
the charger will skip the Bulk and Absorb charging stages and go directly to Float Charging.
The multistage charger can use up to ¿ve different charging stages to help monitor and keep the
batteries healthy; The ¿ve stage include an automatic 4-stage charging process: Bulk, Absorb,
Float and Full Charge; and a manual Equalization (EQ) charge stage. The automatic 4-stage charge
process provides complete recharging and monitoring of the batteries without damage due to over
charging. The EQ stage (requires the ME-RC remote to enable Equalization charge) is used to stir
up strati¿ed electrolyte and try and reverse battery plate sulfation that may have occurred.
While charging, the unit may go into Charger Back-off protection, which automatically reduces
the charge current to the batteries. This is caused by: 1. The internal temperature is too hot - the
charger automatically reduces the charge rate to maintain temperature; or 2. The AC input voltage falls below 170 VAC (or 85 VAC on either leg) - the charger will stop charging to help stabilize
the incoming AC voltage.
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 29
Operation
The Charge Mode provides up to four separate charging stages: Bulk Charging, Absorb Charging,
Float Charging and Full Charge.
Bulk Charging; This is the initial stage of charging. While Bulk Charging, the charger supplies the
battery with controlled constant current. The charger will remain in Bulk charge until the Absorption charge voltage (determined by the Battery Type selection*) is achieved. The inverter’s green
LED stays ON (solid) to indicate Bulk charging.
Absorb Charging; This is the second charging stage and begins after the absorb voltage has
been reached. Absorb Charging provides the batteries with a constant voltage and reduces the
DC charging current in order to maintain the absorb voltage setting. The inverter’s green LED
Àashes once every second (fast Àash) to indicate absorption charging for 2 hours (determined by
the Battery AmpHrs selection*), then switches to Float Charging.
Float Charging; The third charging stage occurs at the end of the Absorb Charging time. While
Float charging, the charge voltage is reduced to the Àoat charge voltage (determined by the Battery Type selection*). In this stage, the batteries are kept fully charged and ready if needed by
the inverter. The inverter’s green LED Àashes once every 8 seconds (slow Àash) to indicate Àoat
charging. The Àoat charging stage reduces battery gassing, minimizes watering requirements (for
Àooded batteries) and ensures the batteries are maintained at optimum capacity.
Full Charge (Battery Saver™ mode); The fourth stage occurs after four hours in the Àoat
charging stage. The Full Charge stage is designed to keep batteries fully charged over long periods and prevent excessive loss of water in Àooded batteries or drying out of GEL/AGM batteries.
In this stage the charger is turned off and begins monitoring the battery voltage; if the battery
voltage drops low (25.4 VDC or less on 24-volt models; or 50.8 VDC or less on 48-volt models),
the charger automatically initiates another four hours in Float Charge.
Info: If the battery voltage falls to the re-bulk voltage (24.2V on 24-volt models or
48.4V on 48-volt models) or lower, the unit will begin another Bulk charge.
* These settings in the MS-PAE Series are changeable and leave the factory with default values (see
Table 3-2, Inverter/Charger Default Values). These default values are adequate for most installations, however, if you determine that some of the values need to be changed for your particular
system, the ME-RC50 remote control may be purchased to adjust these settings.
Bulk
Charging
Absorb
Charging
Float
Charging
Full
Charge
Absorb
volts
DC
Voltage
Float
volts
Increased
Voltage
Constant
Voltage
Reduced
Voltage
Monitored
Voltage
Time
Max
Charge
Rate
Goes to Full
C harge after
4 hours in
Float C harge
A b so r b
T im e
DC
Current
Constant
Current
Reduced
Current
Monitored
Current
No Current
Figure 3-3, Automatic 4-Stage Charging Graph
Page 30
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Operation
3.2.2 Transfer Time
While in the Standby Mode, the AC input is continually monitored. Whenever AC power falls below
the VAC dropout voltage (80 VAC per leg, default setting), the inverter automatically transfers back
to the Invert Mode with minimum interruption to your appliances - as long as the inverter is turned
on. The transfer from Standby mode to Inverter mode occurs in approximately 16 milliseconds.
While the MS-PAE Series is not designed as a computer UPS system, this transfer time is usually
fast enough to hold them up. However, the VAC dropout setting has an effect on the ability of the
loads to transfer without resetting. The lower this setting, the longer the effective transfer will be
and therefore, the higher the probability for the output loads to reset. This occurs because the
incoming AC voltage is allowed to fall to a level that is so low, that when the transfer does occur
(in addition to the relay transfer time) the voltage on the inverters output has already fallen low
enough level to reset the loads.
The disadvantage of a higher VAC dropout setting is that smaller generators (or large generators
with an unstable output) may nuisance transfer. This commonly happens when powering loads
that are larger than the generator can handle - causing the generator’s output to constantly fall
below the inverters input VAC dropout threshold.
Info: When switching from Inverter Mode to the Standby Mode, the inverter waits approximately 15 seconds to ensure the AC source is stable before transferring.
3.3 Battery Temperature Sensor Operation
The plug-in Battery Temperature Sensor (BTS) is used to determine the battery temperature around
the batteries, this information allows the multistage battery charger to automatically adjust the
battery charge voltages for optimum charging performance and longer battery life.
When the BTS is installed, the charge voltage while in the Bulk, Absorb or Float charge mode will
either increase or decrease if the battery temperature is greater or lower than 77°F (25°C). If the
temperature around the BTS is below 77°F (25°C) the charge voltage increases and if the temperature around the BTS is higher than 77°F (25°C), the charge voltage decreases. The further
the temperature change from 77°F (25°C), the greater the change in the charging voltage. See
¿gure 3-4 to determine how much the charge voltage changes (increases or decreases) depending on the temperature reading of the BTS. For example, the nominal Absorb charge voltage for a
Àooded battery at 77°F (25°C) on a 24-volt model is 29.2VDC. If the battery temperature is 95°F
(35°C), the Absorb charge voltage would decrease to 28.6VDC (29.2 nominal - 0.6 change).
If the temperature sensor is NOT installed, the charge voltages will not be compensated and
charges at a temperature of 77°F (25°C). Without the BTS installed, the life of the batteries may
be reduced if they are subjected to large temperature changes.
Info: The temperature to voltage compensation slope the BTS uses is 5mV/°C/Cell
from 0-50°C.
Cha ng e to ba ttery ch arg ing vo ltag e
T em p eratu re C o m p en satio n u sin g B T S
4 8 V D C u n its
2 4 V D C u n its
+1.5 V0.75
+1.2 V 0.6
+0.9 V0.45
+0.6 V 0.3
+0.3 V0.15
N o C hange0
-0 .3V
-0.15
-0 .6V-0.3
-0 .9V
-0.45
-1 .2V-0.6
-1 .5V
-0.75
0C
0
32F
5C
5
41F
10C
10
50F
15C
15
59F
20C
20
68F
25C
25
77F
30C
30
86F
+3 .0V
+2 .4V
+1 .8V
no B T S
+1 .2V
c onnec ted
+0 .6V
N o C hange
-0.6V
-1.2V
-1.8V
-2.4V
-3.0V
35C
40C
45C
50C
35
40
45
50
95F 104F 113F 122F
Tem perature reading from BTS (in degrees )
Figure 3-4, BTS Temperature to Charge Voltage Change
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 31
Operation
3.4 Protection Circuitry Operation
The inverter is protected against fault conditions and in normal usage it will be rare to see any.
However, if a condition occurs that is outside the inverter’s normal operating parameters, then
it will shut down and attempt to protect itself, the battery bank, and your AC loads. If there is a
condition that causes the inverter to shutdown, it may be one of the following conditions (also
refer to the Troubleshooting section to help diagnose and clear the fault condition).
• Low Battery - The inverter will shut off whenever the battery voltage falls to the LBCO (Low
Battery Cut Out) level to protect the batteries from being over-discharged. After the inverter has
reached the LBCO level and turned off, the inverter will automatically restart after one of the following conditions:
1. AC Power is applied and the inverter begins operating as a battery charger.
2. Battery voltage rises to the LBCI (Low Battery Cut In) level.
The inverter’s status LED turns off when a low battery fault condition occurs. Refer to Table 3-1
to determine the LBCO and LBCI levels for your inverter model.
• High Battery - In the event the battery voltage approaches the HBCO (High Battery Cut Out)
level, the inverter will automatically shut down to prevent the inverter from supplying unregulated
AC output voltage. The inverter’s status LED turns off when a high battery fault condition occurs.
The inverter will automatically restart when the battery falls to the HBCI (High Battery Cut In)
level. Refer to Table 3-1 to determine the HBCO and HBCI levels for your inverter model.
Info: High battery voltage may be caused by excessive or unregulated voltage from
the solar panels or other external charging sources.
• Overload - During inverter and standby operation, the inverter monitors the DC and AC current levels. In the event of a short-circuit or overload condition, the inverter will shut down. The
inverter will need to be reset to start operating, refer to section 4.1 for information on resetting the
inverter.
• Over-temperature - If internal power components begin to exceed their safe operating temperature level, the inverter will shut down to protect itself from damage. The inverter’s status LED
turns OFF to indicate the over-temperature fault condition. The inverter will automatically restart
after the units cools down.
• Internal Fault - The inverter continually monitors several internal components and the processor communications. If an condition occurs that does not allow proper internal operation, the
inverter will shutdown to protect itself and the connected loads. The inverter will need to be reset
to start operating, refer to section 4.1 for information on resetting the inverter.
Table 3-1, Inverter Battery Turn On/Off Levels
MS-PAE Inverter/Chargers
Inverter battery
turn on/off levels
24 VDC models
48 VDC models
HBCO
>33.8 VDC
>67.6 VDC
HBCI
33.2 VDC
66.4 VDC
LBCI
LBCO
(1 minute delay)
25.0 VDC
20.0 VDC
(18.0 - 24.4 VDC)*
50.0 VDC
40.0 VDC
(36.0 - 48.8 VDC)*
LBCO (no delay)
17.0 VDC
34.0 VDC
* adjustable with remote control
Page 32
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Operation
3.5 Start-Up
ON/OFF Switch - The inverter can be turned on and off by lightly pressing and releasing the Power
ON/OFF switch on the front of the inverter (refer to ¿gure 3-5). When the inverter is ¿rst connected
to the batteries, or when its automatic protection circuit has turned the inverter off, the ON/OFF
switch will need to be pressed to start the unit (or reset per section 4.1). Once the inverter has
been turned on, pressing the Power ON/OFF switch alternately turns the inverter on and off.
WARNING: The Power ON/OFF control switch does not turn on or off the charger feature. If AC power (Utility or generator) is connected and quali¿ed on the AC input, this
AC power will also be available on the AC output and is not controlled by the Power
ON/OFF switch.
Status LED Indicator - The status indicator is a green LED (Light Emitting Diode) that provides
information on the operational mode of the inverter. Watch this indicator (refer to ¿gure 3-5) for at
least 10 seconds to determine the inverter’s operational condition from the information below:
• Off - Indicates the inverter is off; there is no AC power (inverter, utility or generator) at the
inverter’s output terminals. If the LED says off after pressing the ON/OFF switch, there is a “fault”
condition such as low battery, high battery, overload, overtemperature or an internal fault. Refer
to the Troubleshooting section to help diagnose/clear the fault condition.
• Slow flash (blinks on once every 8 seconds) - Indicates “Àoat” charging; and the inverter is
in Standby Mode (the external AC power that is connected to the inverters input is passing thru
the inverter and is powering the AC loads connected to the inverter’s output).
•
Medium flash (blinks on once every second):
When AC power is not connected to inverter input - Indicates the inverter is on and using
energy from the battery. The inverter is either: 1. Inverting - providing full power to the loads
connected to the inverter; or 2. Searching - conserving power and waiting for a load to be turned
on that meets or exceeds the Search Watts parameter (5 watts is the inverter default setting).
When AC power is connected to inverter input - Indicates “Absorb” charging; and the inverter is in Standby Mode (the external AC power that is connected to the inverters input is
passing thru the inverter and is powering the AC loads connected to the inverter’s output).
• On (solid) - Indicates “bulk” charging; and the inverter is in Standby Mode (the external AC
power that is connected to the inverters input is passing thru the inverter and is powering the AC
loads connected to the inverter’s output).
Power ON/OFF
pushbutton switch
Charging/Inverting
Status LED indicator
Figure 3-5, Power Switch and Status Indicator
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 33
Operation
3.6 Factory Default Values
Your MS-PAE Series inverter/charger uses default values for the adjustable settings (shown in
Table 3-2) that are adequate for most installations. If some of your operating parameters need
to be changed from the default values, the optional ME-RC remote control can be used to make
those changes. To help you determine if you need the ME-RC remote display, information on the
inverter/charger settings that can be changed is provided below. The settings once programmed
are saved in the remote’s nonvolatile memory and are preserved until changed - even if DC power
to the inverter is lost (as long as the ME-RC remote is connected). For information on the full range
of settings for each function, refer to the ME-RC Owner’s Manual at www.magnumenergy.com.
• Shore Max - This setting ensures the inverter AC loads receive the maximum current available
from the utility or generator power. When the total current used to power the AC loads and charge
the batteries begins to approach the Shore Max setting, the current that was used for charging
the batteries will automatically be reduced.
• 01 Search Watts: This setting allows you to turn off the power-saving Search Mode circuitry
or adjust the power level at which the inverter will “wake up” and start inverting.
• 02 LowBattCutOut: This setting determines when the inverter will turn off based on low
battery voltage. The inverter turns off automatically after the battery voltage has been below this
setting for more than one minute. This protects the batteries from over-discharge and the AC
loads from unregulated power (brown-outs).
• 03 Batt AmpHrs: This setting allows the user to input the battery bank size in amp hours
which tells the charger how long to charge the batteries in the Absorb charge stage.
• 04 Battery Type: Sets the type of batteries being used in the system; this information tells
the charger what voltage level to use to charge the batteries.
• 05 Charge Rate: This setting can be used to turn off the charger, limit the amount of current
that the charger can use (leaving more current available to power loads); or to ensure small battery banks are not overheated because of a charge rate that is too high.
• 06 VAC Dropout: Sets the minimum AC voltage that must be present on the AC input before
the unit transfers from Standby Mode to Inverter Mode. This protects the AC loads from utility
outages and brown-outs. On MS-PAE models, when two inputs (leg 1 and leg 2) are used, the VAC
Dropout voltage is determined by the sum of the two inputs ÷ 2. For example, if input 1 = 120VAC
and input 2 = 110 VAC, the sum (230) ÷ 2 = 115. In this example, 115 VAC is what the inverter’s
AC input is sensing to determine when to stay connected or disconnect and start inverting.
Using the ME-RC remote also provides the following features:
•
•
•
allows you to enable an equalize charge for certain battery types.
displays inverter/charger’s operating status
provides fault information for troubleshooting
Table 3-2, Inverter/Charger Default Values
Adjustable Settings
Default Values
Shore Max
60A
01 Search Watts
5W (5 watts)
02 LowBattCutOut
20.0 VDC (24 VDC models),
40.0 VDC (48 VDC models)
03 Batt AmpHrs
600 AmpHrs
(Absorb Time = 120 minutes)
Flooded - Liquid Lead Acid
Page 34
04 Battery Type
24 VDC models (Bulk = 29.2 VDC, Float = 26.8 VDC)
48 VDC models (Bulk = 58.4 VDC, Float = 53.6 VDC)
05 Charge Rate
100%
06 VAC Dropout
80VAC
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Troubleshooting
4.0 Troubleshooting
The MS-PAE Series inverter/charger is a fairly simple device to troubleshoot. There are only two
active circuits (AC and DC) as well as a charging circuit. The following chart is designed to help
you quickly pinpoint the most common inverter or charger failures.
Table 4-1, Troubleshooting Guide
Symptom
No output power.
Inverter LED is OFF.
No output power. Green
LED is flashing.
Low output or surge
power. Green LED is
flashing.
Possible Cause
Recommended Solution
Inverter is switched OFF.
Switch the inverter ON.
Battery voltage is too low. The battery
voltage level has dropped below the
Low Battery Cut Out (LBCO) set-point
for more than one minute.
Check fuses/circuit-breakers and cable connections.
Check battery voltage at the inverter's terminals.
Your batteries may need to be charged, this fault
condition will automatically clear when the battery
voltage exceeds the LBCI voltage.
The battery voltage is too high. The
inverter automatically resets and
resumes operation when the battery
voltage drops to the HBCI voltage or
lower.
This condition usually occurs only when an
additional charging source (alternator, solar panels
or other external charging sources) is used to
charge the battery bank. Reduce or turn off any
other charger to the inverter batteries to allow the
voltage level to drop.
Over-temperature condition: The
internal temperature of the inverter
has risen above acceptable limits;
caused by loads too great for the
inverter to operate continuously, or by
lack of ventilation to the inverter.
When the unit has cooled, it will
automatically reset and resume
operation
AC Overload condition: The inverter
has turned off because the connected
loads are larger than the inverters
output capacity or the output wires are
shorted.
Reduce the number of electrical loads that you are
operating, this will avoid a repeat Overtemp
shutdown if the cause was too many loads for the
ambient conditions.
Internal fault: This fault occurs when
an internal fault is detected.
To clear this fault, an inverter reset is required.
Remove DC power to the inverter or press and hold
down the power switch on the inverter for 15
seconds (until the green Status LED comes on). If
this fault does not clear, the unit will need to be
serviced.
Check ventilation around the inverter, ensure cool
air is available to pass-thru the inverter (refer to
the ventalation requiremnts in section 2.3).
Reduce the AC loads connected to the inverter or
remove all AC output wiring and restart the
inverter.
Unit is in "Search Mode", which means Turn on load greater than 5 watts to bring inverter
load is too small for search mode
to full output power or turn off search with remote.
circuit detection.
Loose or corroded battery cables.
Clean and tighten all cables.
Low batteries.
Recharge or replace batteries.
Loose AC output connections.
Tighten AC output connections.
Battery cables are the wrong length or Verify recommended cable lengths and gauges from
gauge.
the manual. Replace cables as necessary.
Low charging rate when
connected to shore
power.
Charge rate set too low.
Adjust charge rate or Shore settings with remote.
Low AC voltage (< 90 VAC).
Check AC input wiring.
Low charging rate when
using a generator.
Generator output is too low to power
both load and charger.
Reduce the load, increase the generator’s RPMs
Charger doesn’t charge.
Loose or corroded battery cables.
Clean and tighten battery cables.
Defective batteries.
Replace batteries.
Wrong charger settings.
Adjust the charger settings, ensure the unit is not
in charger standby.
Verify proper AC input voltage and frequency.
Wrong AC input voltage.
While charging, the DC
charge voltage is higher
or lower than expected.
Check the SHORE settings (if remote connected).
If the Battery Temperature Sensor
This is normal; see section 3.3 (Battery
(BTS) is installed, the DC voltage will
Temperature Sensor Operation) for more
increase or decrease depending on the information.
temperature around the BTS.
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 35
Troubleshooting
4.1 Performing an Inverter Reset
Under some fault conditions (i.e. an ‘internal’ fault) the inverter will need to be reset.
To reset the inverter:
Press and hold the Power ON/OFF pushbutton (see ¿gure 4-1) for approximately ¿fteen (15)
seconds until the Charging/Inverting Status LED comes on and Àashes rapidly; once the rapid
Àashing has begun, release the Power ON/OFF pushbutton. The Status LED will go off after the
pushbutton is released.
After the inverter reset is completed, press the ON/OFF pushbutton to turn the inverter ON.
Info: The Power ON/OFF pushbutton is a small momentary type switch which operates
by lightly pressing and releasing.
1. Press and hold the Power ON/
OFF pushbutton.
2. Watch the Charging/Inverting
Status LED, after approximately
15 seconds it should come on
and Àash rapidly to indicate the
inverter has reset. The Status LED
will go off after the pushbutton is
released.
Figure 4-1, Performing an Inverter Reset
Page 36
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Parallel Operation
5.0 Parallel Operation
This section provides information about operating the MS-PAE Series inverters in parallel.
Info: The ME-RTR Owner’s Manual provides more detailed installation information on
Parallel stacking,
WARNING: The information is this section is meant to supplement the information in
previous sections. To prevent personal injury or equipment damage, you must carefully read and follow all instructions and warnings in this Operator’s Manual.
5.1 Overview
A single MS-PAE inverter produces 120/240VAC at its rated power (i.e. MS4024PAE provides 4000
watts of inverter power). Parallel stacking synchronizes multiple inverters to work together as a
single inverter/charger system to increase the inverter continuous and surge capacity, increase
the charging capability to the battery bank and increase the AC pass-through capacity.
The ME-RTR router allows the MS-PAE Series inverters to operate in phase by having one of the
inverters operate as the Master and the others as Slaves, which are controlled by the master. When
¿rst turned on, all the stacked inverters are powered and begin to monitor the power required by the
AC load. If the power requirement by the AC load decreases, the slave inverters power down into
Power Standby mode until needed. The Power Standby feature allows the inverters to shut down
to reduce power consumption and quickly begins inverting when the loads demand more power.
Because the paralleled inverters operate as a single unit, the total battery charging capability and
AC pass-through capacity are also increased. This helps with the fuel consumption ef¿ciency and
available current to transfer to loads when using large generators. When the generator (or utility
power) is connected to the parallel system, the Master inverter ¿rst synchronizes, then connects.
Since the Slave inverter(s) follow the Master inverter, they are prevented from connecting until
the Master inverter has synchronized and connected. After the full system has connected, battery
charging begins. This allows a smooth transition from inverter mode to charger mode since the slave
inverters are already synchronized when they transfer the loads and start battery charging.
5.2 Conditions for Parallel System
When connecting units in parallel, the following requirements must be met:
1. Only the MS-PAE Series inverters are capable of being stacked in parallel and models must be
identical for parallel stacking.
2. A maximum of four identical MS-PAE inverters can be connected in parallel.
3. The ME-RTR router must be connected to communicate and synchronize with other MS-PAE
inverters for parallel operation.
4. The Router Sync Cable from Magnum (PN: A80-8306) must be used to connect directly from
the ME-RTR to each inverter. This cable is the only one that meets the parallel system size, data
and insulation requirements and obtain NEC/CEC site approval.
5. The inverters must be connected to the same battery bank.
6. The DC connection cables from the battery to the inverter must be of equal length and size.
7. The inverter’s negative terminals of the inverters must be connected together either at the
inverters or at a location close to the inverters (within 18 inches / 0.5 meters).
8. The AC input cables to each inverter as well as the AC output cables from each inverter must
be of equal length and size (length to AC input may be different from length to AC output).
9. Place the MS-PAE inverters close to each other, but allow at least 3” for ventilation purposes
under, above and in front of the inverter.
10. The AC input to every inverter must be from the same AC source and the two 120VAC legs
from that AC source into each inverter input must be 180° out-of-phase from each other.
11. Each inverter must have appropriate AC and DC overcurrent protection.
Info: The MP Series enclosures meet the requirements needed to parallel stack the MSPAE inverters and are UL listed and CSA certi¿ed for a code compliant installation.
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 37
Parallel Operation
G E NE RATOR P OW E R
(1 2 0 /2 4 0 V A C O U P U T )
F ul x C a pa
c toi r G e ne
M E -A G S -N
A u to G en S tart C o n tro ller
(M ag n u m A ccesso ry )
A C P an el
( P art o f M ag n u m P an el S eries )
In clu d es B yp ass & In p u t /O u tp u t B reakers
ra t or
AC
Transfer
Switch
E L E C T R IC A L P A N E L *
(1 2 0 /2 4 0V A C L O A D S )
ON
NE U
TR A
L
IN V
L1
OUT
AC
GROU
ND
IN V
L2
OUT
A C P A N EL
OF F
ON
OF F
OF F
ON
ON
OF F
OF F
ON
ON
L1 I N
ON
OF F
ON
O FF
ON
ON
O FF
L2 IN
ON
O FF
N EU
TR A
L
ON
O FF
L1
OUT
ON
O FF
To
B yp
as s
O FF
U T IL IT Y P O W E R
( 1 2 0/2 4 0 V A C O U T P U T )
L2
OUT
O FF
AC
GROU
ND
* A MAIN P ANE L AND S UB -P ANE L
MAY BE RE Q UIRE D
#1
M S -P A E
I N VER T ER
( M A ST ER )
#2
M S -P A E
I N VER T ER
( S L A VE)
M E -R TR
R eq u ired
to stack
M S -P A E
in verters in
P arallel
(M ag n u m
A ccesso ry )
#4
M S -P A E
I N VER T ER
(S L A VE)
#3
M S -P A E
I N VER T ER
( S L A VE)
DC
P O S ITI
VE
DC
N E G A TI
VE
D C P A N EL
B ATTE RY BANK
M E -B M K -N S
B attery M o n ito r
( M ag n u m A ccesso ry )
DC
GROU
ND
D C P an el
(P art o f M ag n u m P an el S eries )
In clu d es sh u n t & D C d isco n n ects
Figure 5-1, Simplified Installation Diagram - Multiple Inverters (stacked in parallel)
Page 38
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Parallel Operation
5.3 Parallel System Connections and Components
The basic installation procedure of the parallel system is similar to that of single inverter system.
However, the AC and DC connections and components required in the parallel system must be
considered.
5.3.1 AC and DC connections simplified using Magnum Panels
The AC and DC connections in the parallel system depend upon other components (noted in
the two section below in bold), but are simpli¿ed when using the Magnum Panel (MP) Series of
enclosures. As shown in Figure 5-1, the AC Panel and DC Panel - which are part of the MP Series
enclosures - provide these separate components; and the speci¿c AC or DC wiring to these
components are completed for you. Figures 5-2 and 5-3 are simpli¿ed diagrams of the AC and DC
Panels showing the connections and components.
5.3.2 AC Connections Required in Parallel System
The AC input supply to the parallel system must be a 120/240 VAC split-phase system that provides two line conductors (referred to as L1 and L2), a neutral, and ground. Each MS-PAE inverter
requires a double-pole circuit breaker rated for a maximum 30A each pole. Typically the AC supply
originates in a main distribution panel, providing the separate AC Breakers required for the AC
input of each MS-PAE inverter. This main panel also has to provide the AC Buss-Bars to allow
connection of the neutral and ground conductors to each inverter input.
The AC output side of the parallel system requires an electrical panel, referred to as the inverter
panel, that combines all the inverter outputs and be equipped with a large double-pole circuit
breaker rated for the total output current of the parallel system. This inverter panel must provide
the AC Buss-Bars for the neutral and ground conductors from each inverter output.
If the inverter system requires isolation from the AC source for servicing without losing power to
the AC loads, an AC Bypass should be installed between the AC input and output connections.
5.3.3 DC Connections Required in Parallel System
When inverters are stacked they must operate from a common battery bank. In other words,
the DC negative of one inverter must be common with the second inverter and likewise for the
DC positive. Each inverter must be wired to the single battery bank separately and have a DC
Breaker in the positive side, matched to the cable size.
All DC negatives are required to be combined on a DC Buss-Bar and if the system requires battery
bank monitoring, a full system DC Shunt will need to be installed in the DC negative side.
M P S E R IE S
(A C P A N E L )
IN V E R T E R
B U S S -B A R
M S -P A E IN V E R T E R S
(1 - 4)
O UT
M P S E R IE S
(D C P A N E L )
M S -P A E IN V E R T E R S
(1 - 4)
IN
NEG
M A S S L1 S L2 S L3
AC
BYPASS
OFF ON
AC BREAKERS
(1 – 4 )
AC
B U S S -B A R S
AC
B U S S -B A R S
AC LO ADS
AC SO URCE
(C u s to m e r
C o n n e c tio n)
M A S S L1 S L2 S L3
DC
SHUNT
DC
BREAKERS
O P T IO N
(C u s to m e r
C o n n e c tio n)
Figure 5-2, Simplified Magnum Panel
(AC Panel)
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
POS
DC LO ADS
(C u s to m e r
C o n n e c tio n)
DC BREAKERS
(1 – 4 )
DC
B U S S -B A R S
DC
B U S S -B A R S
NEG
POS
DC SO URCE
(C u s to m e r C o n n e c tio n)
Figure 5-3, Simplified Magnum Panel
(DC Panel)
Page 39
Appendix A - Specifications
A.1 Specifications
Table A-1, MS-PAE Specifications
M odels
Inverter Specifications
Input battery voltage range
Absolute m axim um DC input
Nom inal AC output voltage
AC output voltage accuracy
O utput frequency and accuracy
Total Harm onic Distortion (THD)
Continuous power output
(at 25° C with 12.5 VDC nom inal)
Continuous AC output current
1 m sec surge current (am ps AC)
100 m sec surge current (am ps AC)
5 sec surge power (real watts)
30 sec surge power (real watts)
5 m in surge power (real watts)
30 m in surge power (real watts)
M axim um continuous input current
Inverter efficiency (peak)
HBCO / HBCI (High Battery Cut O ut / In)
LBCO / LBCI (Low Battery Cut O ut / In)
AC Relay Transfer tim e (m inim um )
Power Consum ption - searching
Power Consum ption - inverting (no load)
O utput W aveform
Charger Specifications
Continuous charger output at 25° C
Input current for continuous rated output
Charger efficiency (peak)
AC input frequency range
AC input voltage range
Power factor
G eneral Features and Capabilities
Transfer relay capability
Five stage charging capability
Battery tem perature com pensation
Internal cooling
O ver-current protection
O ver-tem perature protection
Corrosion protection
Safety Listings
W arranty
Environm ental Specifications
O perating tem perature
Nonoperating tem perature
O perating hum idity
Physical Specifications
Unit Dim ensions (h x w x d)
Shipping Dim ensions (h x w x d)
M ounting
Unit W eight
Shipping W eight
M ax operating altitude
M S4024PAE
M S4448PAE
M S3748PAEJ
18.0 to 33.8 VDC
50 VDC
36.0 to 67.6 VDC
36.0 to 67.6 VDC
68 VDC
68 VDC
120 / 240 VAC split phase
L-N: 120 VAC ±5% , L-L: 240 VAC ±5% ( continuous power)
60 Hz ± 0.04%
50 Hz ± 0.4Hz
< 5%
4000 VA (L-L)
4400 VA (L-L)
3700 VA (L-L)
(m ax 81% output im balance from L-N)
(m ax 81% output im balance from L-N)
(m ax 81% output im balance from L-N)
L-N: 27.0A/120VAC, L-L: 16.7A/240VAC L-N: 29.7A/120VAC, L-L: 18.3A/240VAC L-N: 25.0A/120VAC, L-L: 15.5A/240VAC
L-N: 120, L-L 70
L-N: 120, L-L 70
L-N: 120, L-L 70
L-N: 72, L-L 40
L-N: 75, L-L 40
L-N: 75, L-L 32
5800
8500
6200
5200
6000
6000
4800
5400
3600
4500
4800
3500
267 ADC
147 ADC
123 ADC
93%
94%
91%
>33.8 VDC / 33.2 VDC
>67.6 VDC / 66.4 VDC
>67.6 VDC / 66.4 VDC
18.0 VDC (adjustable) / 25.0 VDC
36.0 VDC (adjustable) / 50.0 VDC
36.0 VDC (adjustable) / 50.0 VDC
16 m secs
< 6 watts
< 10 watts
27 watts
25 watts
22 watts
Pure Sine W ave
105 ADC (@ 28.2VDC)
15 AAC (at 120 VAC) per leg
60 ADC (@ 56.4VDC)
17.5 AAC (at 120VAC) per leg
90%
50 to 70 Hz
L-N: 60 to 140 VAC (120 VAC nom inal)
L-L: 120 to 280 VAC (240 VAC nom inal)
>0.95
55 ADC (@ 56.4VDC)
8 AAC (at 120VAC) per leg
40 to 60 Hz
2 legs at 30 AAC m axim um per leg
Bulk, Absorb, Float, Equalize (requires rem ote) and Battery Saver™
Standard with included tem p sensor (battery tem p 0 to 50° C)
0 to 120 cfm variable speed drive using dual 92m m brushless DC fans
with two overlapping circuits
on transform er, M O SFETs, and am bient tem perature
PCB’s conform al coated, powder coated chassis/top, and stainless steel fasteners
ETL listed to ANSI / UL STD 1741 and CSA STD C22.2 No. 107.1-01
NA
2 years parts and labor
-20° C to +60° C (-4° F to 140° F)
-40° C to +70° C (-40° F to 158° F)
0 to 95% RH non-condensing
13.75” x 12.65” x 8.0” (34.9 cm x 32.1 cm x 20.3 cm )
18.5” x 17.5” x12.5” (47 cm x 44.5 cm x 31.8 cm )
Shelf or wall (vents not allowed to face downward unless M E-HO O D and M E-CB are installed)
55 lbs (24.9 kg)
60 lbs (27.2 kg)
15,000’ (4570 m )
Sp ecifications subject to change without notice
Page 40
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Appendix A - Specifications
A.2 Efficiency Graphs
The following curves are plotted to show the MS-PAE series ef¿ciency over the inverter’s power
range and is displayed as a percentage.
These graphs represent a typical inverter’s ef¿ciency while operating resistive loads. Motors and
other inductive loads run less ef¿ciently due to the impact of power factor losses.
Effi ciency
(Pe rcenta ge)
MS4024PAE Efficiency Graph
100%
98%
95%
93%
90%
88%
85%
83%
80%
78%
75%
73%
70%
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
3000
3500
4000
4500
Po w er (VA )
Figure A-1, MS4024PAE Efficiency Chart
Effi ciency
(Pe rcenta ge)
MS4448PAE Efficiency Graph
100%
98%
95%
93%
90%
88%
85%
83%
80%
78%
75%
73%
70%
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Po w er (VA )
Figure A-2, MS4448PAE Efficiency Chart
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 41
Appendix B - Optional Equipment/Accessories
B.1
Optional Equipment/Accessories
The following Magnum Energy components are available for use with the MS-PAE Series inverter/
Charger. Some of these items are required depending upon the intended use of the inverter.
MMP Series Enclosures
The MMP175-30D. MMP175-60S, MMP250-30D and MMP250-60S enclosures are for single inverter
applications. The MMP Series enclosures have been speci¿cally designed to combine all of the major
components required for a renewable energy system - inverter/battery disconnect, AC overcurrent
protection, grounding connections and a full system inverter bypass switch as a convenient way to
isolate the inverter for battery maintenance - into a single, easy to install pre-wired enclosure.
MP Series Enclosures
The MPSL, MPSH, MPDH enclosures have been speci¿cally designed to combine the MS-PAE inverter’s
when con¿gured for parallel operation. The MP enclosures feature convenient front mounted AC
and DC connections and easy panel operation using the optional ME-RTR router. Choose the MP
model based on your power capacity needs. Each model is expandable, start with the base model
and just one inverter and in the future add another inverter - up to four inverter’s total depending
on your model - with ease, using the MPX expansion boxes.
Router Control Display Panel
The ME-RTR Router Control Display Panel provides operating information and setup/troubleshooting
capabilities for multiple Magnum inverters. Allows up to four MS-PAE inverter’s to be connected
in a parallel con¿guration for increased inverter power.
Advanced Remote Control Display
The ME-ARC allows the advanced features of the MS-PAE inverter to be con¿gured. This LCD remote display also provides advanced monitoring/troubleshooting and includes a FAVS button to
access your favorite features quickly.
Standard Remote Control Display
The ME-RC Remote Control is simple to use; an easy-to-read LCD screen and “at a glance” LEDs
display complete inverter/charger status. Soft keys provide simple access to menus and a rotary
encoder knob allows you to scroll through and select a wide range of settings such as Inverter
ON/OFF, Charger ON/OFF, Shore Power Breaker Setting, AGS Control, Meter Button, Setup and
Tech menus.
Auto Generator Controller
The ME-AGS-N (Rev 5.0) is designed to automatically start your generator based on low battery
condition or high temperature. The AGS controller includes an input voltage jumper (for 12, 24
and 48 volt battery banks) and a 4-position DIP (Dual In-line Package) switch which provides
the ability to change the relay timing con¿gurations to allow compatibility with a wider range of
generators. Adjustable settings include starting the generator based on battery voltage, Time of
day, battery State of Charge or High Temperature. Includes “Quiet Time” with an easy to set clock.
AGS settings do not interfere with the manual start / stop operation of the generator.
Battery Monitor
The Battery Monitor Kit (ME-BMK) is a single battery bank amp-hour meter that monitors the condition of the battery and provides information to let you know how much energy you have available
and let you plan your electrical usage to ensure the battery is not being over-discharged.
Fuse Block/Fuses
The Magnum Fuse/Fuse-blocks (TFB-XXX) are used to protect the battery bank, inverter, and
cables from damage caused by DC short circuits and overloads. They include a slow-blow, high
current Class-T fuse with mounting block and protective cover. The fuse sizes are available in 125,
200, 300 and 400 amps.
Page 42
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Appendix C - Battery Information
C.1
General Battery Information
C.1.1 Battery Location
Periodic maintenance (i.e. checking connections, cleaning, watering) on batteries is required. Locate the batteries in an accessible location to perform this maintenance. Two feet clearance above
the batteries is recommended for access to the battery terminals and removable caps (lead acid
battery types). The battery bank should be located as close to the inverter as possible without
limiting access to the inverter’s disconnects.
C.1.2 Battery Types
Batteries are available in different sizes, amp-hour ratings, voltage and chemistries. They are also
available for starting applications (such as an automobile starting battery) and deep discharge
applications. Only the deep cycle types are recommended for inverter applications; using a starting battery in an inverter (deep cycle) application will greatly shorten their useful life. Choose the
batteries best suited for the inverter installation and cost. Use only the same battery type for all
batteries in the bank. For best performance, all batteries should be from the same lot and date.
This information is usually printed on a label located on the battery.
C.1.3 Battery Temperature
Battery performance of lead-acid type batteries is greatly affected by extreme temperatures. When
a lead-acid type battery is cold, its effective amp-hour capacity is reduced. When determining
the battery requirements needed for the inverter system, realize that the battery capacity will be
reduced if they will be installed in a climate where extremely cold temperatures are expected. In
this type of environment, the batteries should be located in a heated area. At the minimum, the
batteries should be installed in an insulated enclosure; which will keep the batteries warmer as
they are being charged.
The battery bank should also be protected from high temperatures, which will shorten battery
life. In high heat situations the battery room/enclosure should be ventilated to bring in cooler air
and exhaust the hotter air. The performance of the battery bank/inverter system will substantially
increase by monitoring and preventing extreme temperatures around the batteries.
C.1.4 Battery Bank Sizing
The size of the battery bank determines how long the inverter will power the AC loads without
recharging. The larger the battery bank, the longer the run time. Size your battery bank to the
systems AC load requirements and length of time required to run from the batteries. In general,
the battery bank should not be discharged more than 50%. Additional DC charging devices such
as solar, wind, hydro, etc. can provide longer run times by recharging the batteries in the absence
of AC utility or generator power.
Info: For the MS-PAE Series inverter/charger to perform optimally, a minimum battery
bank of 200 AH is recommended for moderate loads (<1000W) and greater than 400
AH for heavy loads (•1000W).
Table C-1, Typical Appliance Power Consumption
Device
(AC Load)
Wattage
Rating
Device
(AC Load)
Wattage
Rating
Blender
400 W
Coffee Maker
1200W
Computer
300 W
Color TV (19")
150 W
Drill
500 W
Hair Dryer
1000W
Hot Plate
1800 W
Iron
1000 W
Light (flo)
10 W
Light (inc)
100 W
Microwave
1000 W
Refrigerator*
500 W
*Refrigerators, freezers and water pumps typically only run about 1/3 of the time. When adding
to the battery sizing worksheet, only list 1/3 of the total wattage rating of the appliance.
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 43
Appendix C - Battery Information
C.2 Battery Bank Sizing Worksheet
Complete the steps below to determine the battery bank size required to power your AC loads:
1. Determine the daily power needed for each load
a) List all AC loads required to run; and
b) List the Watt-Hours for each load (see table B-1 for common loads/wattage); and
c) multiply by how many hours per day (or a fraction of an hour) each load will be used; and
d) multiply by how many days per week you will use the listed loads; and
e) divide by seven = Average Daily Watt-Hours Per Load.
Average Daily Watt-Hours Per Load
AC load
watt-hours
(x) hours per day
(x) days per week
(÷7) = total power
2. Determine the total power needed each day for all the loads.
• Add the Average Daily Watt-Hours Per Load together = Total Daily WattHours.
3. Determine the battery Amp-Hour capacity needed
to run all the loads before recharging.
• Divide the Total Daily Watt-Hours by the nominal battery voltage of the inverter (i.e. 12, 24 or 48 volts); and
Total Daily Watt-Hours
(inverter battery voltage)
÷ ___ =
x Multiply this by how many days the loads will need to
run without having power to recharge the batteries (typically 3 to 5 days of storage) = Storage Amp-Hours.
(days of storage)
x ___ =
4. Determine how deeply you want to discharge your batteries.
• Divide the Storage Amp-Hours by 0.2 or 0.5 to get the Total Amp-
Hours:
a) 0.2 = Discharges the batteries by 20% (80% remaining), this is considered
the optimal level for long battery life; or
b) 0.5 = Discharges the batteries by 50% (50% remaining), this is considered a realistic trade-off between battery cost and battery life.
Total Amp-Hours
Additional compensation:
Low battery temperature: If the batteries are installed in a location that will be exposed to low temperatures, the
output current will be less. In these instances, you will need to determine the lowest temperature the battery
bank will experience and multiply the Total Amp-Hours by the Multiplier below.
Temperature
80F/27C
70F/21C
60F/15C
50F/10C
40F/4C
30F/-1C
20F/-7C
Multiplier
1.00
1.04
1.11
1.19
1.30
1.40
1.59
Inverter ef¿ciency: When the inverter is used in a back-up power application the inverter ef¿ciency will not be
a large concern; however if the inverter is the primary AC source for the calculated load, the Total Amp-Hours
should be multiplied by 1.2 to factor in an average 80% inverter ef¿ciency.
Page 44
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Appendix C - Battery Information
C.3
Battery Wiring
The battery bank must be wired to match the inverter’s DC input voltage. In addition, the batteries
can be wired to provide additional run time. The various wiring con¿gurations are:
C.3.1 Series Wiring
Wiring batteries in series increases the battery bank’s output voltage. A series connection combines
each battery in a string until the total voltage matches the inverter’s DC requirement. Even though
there are multiple batteries, the capacity remains the same. In ¿gure B-1 below, two 6 VDC/200
AH batteries are combined into a single string resulting in a 12 VDC, 200 AHr bank.
Series Battery Wiring
combines battery voltage :
6 VDC
(200 AH)
12 VDC @
200 AH
6 VDC
(200 AH)
200 AH @ 6 VDC
+
200 AH @ 6 VDC
=
200 AH @ 12 VDC
Figure C-1, Series Battery Wiring
C.3.2 Parallel Wiring
Wiring batteries in parallel increases the battery bank’s amp-hour capacity, which allows the AC loads
to operate for a longer time. A parallel connection combines the number of batteries in the string to
increase overall battery capacity; however, the voltage remains the same. In ¿gure B-2 below, two
12 VDC/100 AH batteries are combined into a single 12 VDC, 200 AH battery bank.
12 VDC
(100 AH)
12 VDC @
200 AH
12 VDC
(100 AH)
Parallel Battery Wiring
combines battery capacity:
100 AH @ 12 VDC
+
100 AH @ 12 VDC
=
200 AH @ 12 VDC
Figure C-2, Parallel Battery Wiring
C.3.3 Series-Parallel Wiring
A series/parallel con¿guration increases both voltage (to match the inverter’s DC requirements)
and Amp-Hour capacity (to increase run-time for operating the loads) using smaller, lower-voltage batteries. In ¿gure B-3 below, four 6 VDC/200 AH batteries are combined into two strings
resulting in a 12 VDC, 400 AH battery bank.
Series/Parallel Battery Wiring
combines battery voltage and capacity:
6 VDC
(200 AH)
6 VDC
(200 AH)
6 VDC
(200 AH)
6 VDC
(200 AH)
12 VDC @
400 AH
200 AH @ 6 VDC
+
= 200 AH @ 12 VDC
200 AH @ 6 VDC
+
= 400 AH @ 12 VDC
200 AH @ 6 VDC
+
= 200 AH @ 12 VDC
200 AH @ 6 VDC
add voltage and
capacity together
add voltage
add capacity
in series
in parallel
Figure C-3, Series-Parallel Battery Wiring
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 45
Appendix C - Battery Information
S e rie s S trin g
(1 2 V D C + 1 2 V D C)
12 V D C
b attery
( 100 A H )
12 V D C
b attery
( 100 A H )
ov er - c urrent
protec tion
to
to 24
24 VDC
VDC
inverter
in verter
(to tal capacity
cap acity
(total
100 A
H)
== 100
AH)
2424volt
vo ltbattery
b atterybank
b an k (one
( o n estring
strin gofo ftwo
tw o 12-volt
12 -vo lt batteries
b atteries wired
w ired in series)
series )
S e rie s S trin g
(6 V D C + 6 V D C
+ 6 V D C + 6 V D C)
ov er - c urrent
protec tion
6 VDC
b attery
(200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
(200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
(200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
(200 A H )
to
VDC
to 24
24 V
DC
inverter
in verter
(to tal cap
acity
(total
capacity
200 A
H)
== 200
AH)
vo ltbattery
b attery bank
b an k (one
(o n estring
strin g of
o ffour
fo u r 6-volt
6 -vo lt batteries
b atteries wired
w ired in series)
series )
2424volt
P a ra lle l S trin g ( 1 0 0 A H + 1 0 0 A H)
S e rie s S trin g
(1 2 V D C + 1 2 V D C)
S e rie s S trin g
(1 2 V D C + 1 2 V D C)
12 V D C
b attery
( 100 A H )
12 V D C
b attery
(100 A H )
12 V D C
b attery
( 100 A H )
12 V D C
b attery
( 100 A H )
ov er -c urrent
protec tion
to
VDC
to 24
24 V
DC
in verter
inverter
( to tal cap
acity
(total
capacity
200 AAH)
H)
== 200
24 volt
vo lt battery
b attery bbank
an k (two
( tw o strin
gs o
o 12-volt
12 - vo lt bbatteries
atteries wwired
ired ininseries
d co
n n ected ininpparallel)
arallel )
24
strings
off tw
two
seriesan
and
connected
P a ra lle l S trin g ( 2 0 0 A H + 2 0 0 A H )
S e rie s S trin g
(6 V D C + 6 V D C
+ 6 V D C + 6 V D C)
S e rie s S trin g
(6 V D C + 6 V D C
+ 6 V D C + 6 V D C)
6 VDC
b attery
(200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
( 200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
(200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
(200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
(200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
( 200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
(200 A H )
6 VDC
b attery
( 200 A H )
ov er - c urrent
protec tion
to 24
24 VVDC
DC
to
in verter
inverter
(to tal cap
acity
(total
capacity
=
400
A
H)
= 400 AH)
24
strings
four
seriesan
and
connected
24 volt
vo lt battery
b attery bbank
an k ((two
tw o strin
g s ooff fo
u r 6-volt
6- vo lt bbatteries
atteries wwired
ired ininseries
d co
n n ected ininpparallel)
arallel )
Figure C-4, Battery Bank Wiring Examples (24-volt)
Page 46
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc
Appendix C - Battery Information
over -cur r ent pr otection
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
t o 48 VD C
6 vo lt
in vert er
b at t ery
(t o t al cap acit y
( 200 A h rs) = 200 A h rs)
48 vo lt b atBank
t ery b an(one
k ( o n estring
st rin g o fof
eig6-volt
h t 6- vo ltbatteries
b at t eries w ired
in series
)
48-volt Battery
wired
in series)
over - cur r ent pr otection
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
t o 48 VD C
in vert er
( t o t al cap acit y
= 100 A h rs)
48 vo lt b atBank
t ery b an(one
k (o n estring
st rin g o of
f f o 12-volt
u r 12 -vo lt bbatteries
at t eries w iredwired
in series
48-volt Battery
in )series)
over - cur r ent pr otection
6 vo lt
b at t ery
(200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
(200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
(200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
(200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
(200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
(200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
(200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
(200 A h rs)
t o 48 VD C
in vert er
( t o t al cap acit y
= 400 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
6 vo lt
b at t ery
( 200 A h rs)
48 vo lt Bank
b at t ery b(two
an k ( pstrings
arallel t w oof
st rin
g s o f eig
h t 6- vo lt b at
t eries win
iredseries
in seriesand
) paralleled)
48-volt Battery
6-volt
batteries
wired
over -cur r ent pr otection
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
t o 48 VD C
in vert er
( t o t al cap acit y
= 200 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
12 vo lt
b at t ery
(100 A h rs)
48 vo lt b Bank
at t ery b an
k ( p arallel
t w o st
g s o f f o u rbatteries
12 - vo lt b at t eries
w ired
series )and paralleled)
48-volt Battery
(two
strings
ofrin12-volt
wired
ininseries
Figure C-5, Battery Bank Wiring Examples (48-volt)
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Page 47
Appendix D - Warranty and Service
D Warranty and Service
D.1 Limited Warranty
Magnum Energy, Inc., warrants the MS-PAE Series Inverter/Charger to be free from defects in
material and workmanship that result in product failure during normal usage, according to the
following terms and conditions:
1. The limited warranty for the product extends for 24 months beginning from the product’s
original date of purchase.
2. The limited warranty extends to the original purchaser of the product and is not assignable or
transferable to any subsequent purchaser.
3. During the limited warranty period, Magnum Energy will repair, or replace at Magnum Energy’s
option, any defective parts, or any parts that will not properly operate for their intended use with
factory new or rebuilt replacement items if such repair or replacement is needed because of product
malfunction or failure during normal usage. The limited warranty does not cover defects in appearance, cosmetic, decorative or structural parts or any non-operative parts. Magnum Energy’s
limit of liability under the limited warranty shall be the actual cash value of the product at the time
the original purchaser returns the product for repair, determined by the price paid by the original
purchaser. Magnum Energy shall not be liable for any other losses or damages.
4. Upon request from Magnum Energy, the original purchaser must prove the product’s original
date of purchase by a dated bill of sale, itemized receipt.
5. The original purchaser shall return the product prepaid to Magnum Energy in Everett, WA.
After the completion of service under this limited warranty, Magnum Energy will return the product
prepaid to the original purchaser via a Magnum-selected non-expedited surface freight within the
contiguous United States and Canada; this excludes Alaska and Hawaii.
6. This limited warranty is voided if:
x
x
x
x
the product has been modi¿ed without authorization.
the serial number has been altered or removed.
the product has been damaged from abuse, neglect, accident, high voltage or corrosion.
the product was not installed and operated according to the owner's manual.
D.2 How to Receive Repair Service
If your product requires warranty service or repair, contact either:
1. An Authorized Service Center listed on the Magnum Energy website at www.magnumenergy.
com/servicecenters.htm; or
2. Magnum Energy, Inc. at:
Telephone: 425-353-8833
Fax: 425-353-8390
Email: warranty@magnumenergy.com
If returning the product directly to Magnum Energy for repair, you must:
• Return the unit in the original, or equivalent, shipping container.
• Receive a Return Materials Authorization (RMA) number from the factory prior to the
return of the product to Magnum Energy for repair.
• Place RMA numbers clearly on the shipping container or on the packing slip.
BEFORE RETURNING ANY UNIT TO MAGNUM ENERGY INC.,
A RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION (RMA) NUMBER IS REQUIRED.
Page 48
© 2009 Magnum Energy Inc.
Magnum Energy, Inc.
2211 West Casino Rd.
Everett, WA 98204
Phone: 425-353-8833
Fax: 425-353-8390
Web: www.magnumenergy.com
MS-PAE Series Owner’s Manual (PN: 64-0032 Rev A)