Comtrend Corporation CT-5072S User manual

CT-5072S
ADSL2+ Router
User Manual
Version A2.0, November 10, 2008
261063-017
Preface
This manual provides information related to the installation, operation, and
application of this device. The individual reading this manual is presumed to have
a basic understanding of telecommunications terminology and concepts.
If you find the product to be inoperable or malfunctioning, please contact technical
support for immediate service by email at INT-support@comtrend.com
For product update, new product release, manual revision, or software upgrades,
please visit our website at http://www.comtrend.com
Important Safety Instructions
With reference to unpacking, installation, use, and maintenance of your electronic
device, the following basic guidelines are recommended:
• Do not use or install this product near water, to avoid fire or shock hazard. For
example, near a bathtub, kitchen sink or laundry tub, or near a swimming pool.
Also, do not expose the equipment to rain or damp areas (e.g. a wet basement).
• Do not connect the power supply cord on elevated surfaces. Allow it to lie freely.
There should be no obstructions in its path and no heavy items should be placed
on the cord. In addition, do not walk on, step on, or mistreat the cord.
• Use only the power cord and adapter that are shipped with this device.
• To safeguard the equipment against overheating, make sure that all openings in
the unit that offer exposure to air are not blocked.
• Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless type) during an electrical storm.
There may be a remote risk of electric shock from lightening. Also, do not use
the telephone to report a gas leak in the vicinity of the leak.
• Never install telephone wiring during stormy weather conditions.
CAUTION:
„
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger
telecommunication line cord.
„
Always disconnect all telephone lines from the wall outlet before servicing
or disassembling this equipment.
WARNING
„
Disconnect the power line from the device before servicing.
„
Power supply specifications are clearly stated in Appendix C.
Copyright
Copyright©2008 Comtrend Corporation. All rights reserved. The information
contained herein is proprietary to Comtrend Corporation. No part of this document
may be translated, transcribed, reproduced, in any form, or by any means without
prior written consent of Comtrend Corporation.
NOTE:
This document is subject to change without notice.
1
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................4
1.1 FEATURES ........................................................................................................................................4
1.2 APPLICATION ...................................................................................................................................4
CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION.............................................................................................................5
2.1 HARDWARE SETUP ...........................................................................................................................5
2.2 LED INDICATORS.............................................................................................................................6
CHAPTER 3 WEB USER INTERFACE..............................................................................................7
3.1 DEFAULT SETTINGS .........................................................................................................................7
3.2 IP CONFIGURATION ..........................................................................................................................8
3.3 LOGIN PROCEDURE..........................................................................................................................9
CHAPTER 4 QUICK SETUP ............................................................................................................. 11
4.1 AUTO QUICK SETUP.......................................................................................................................12
4.2 MANUAL QUICK SETUP .................................................................................................................13
4.2.1
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) and PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)............................................15
4.2.2
MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER) ..............................................................................19
4.2.3
IP Over ATM...................................................................................................................22
4.2.4
Bridging..........................................................................................................................24
CHAPTER 5 DEVICE INFORMATION...........................................................................................26
5.1 WAN .............................................................................................................................................27
5.2 STATISTICS .....................................................................................................................................27
5.2.1
LAN Statistics..................................................................................................................27
5.2.2
WAN Statistics.................................................................................................................28
5.2.3
ATM statistics .................................................................................................................29
5.2.4
ADSL Statistics ...............................................................................................................31
5.3 ROUTE ...........................................................................................................................................34
5.4 ARP...............................................................................................................................................35
5.5 DHCP............................................................................................................................................35
CHAPTER 6 ADVANCED SETUP.....................................................................................................36
6.1 WAN .............................................................................................................................................36
6.2 LAN ..............................................................................................................................................37
6.3 NAT ..............................................................................................................................................38
6.3.1
Virtual Servers ................................................................................................................38
6.3.2
Port Triggering ...............................................................................................................40
6.3.3
DMZ Host .......................................................................................................................41
6.3.4
ALG.................................................................................................................................41
6.4 SECURITY ......................................................................................................................................42
6.4.1
IP Filtering .....................................................................................................................42
6.4.2
MAC Filtering.................................................................................................................44
6.4.3
Parental Control .............................................................................................................46
6.5 QUALITY OF SERVICE ....................................................................................................................47
6.6 ROUTING .......................................................................................................................................49
6.6.1
Default Gateway .............................................................................................................49
6.6.2
Static Route.....................................................................................................................50
6.6.3
RIP..................................................................................................................................50
6.7 DNS ..............................................................................................................................................51
6.7.1
DNS Server .....................................................................................................................51
6.7.2
Dynamic DNS .................................................................................................................51
6.8 DSL...............................................................................................................................................53
6.9 CERTIFICATE ..................................................................................................................................54
6.9.1
Local ...............................................................................................................................54
6.9.2
Trusted CA ......................................................................................................................56
CHAPTER 7 DIAGNOSTICS.............................................................................................................57
CHAPTER 8 MANAGEMENT ..........................................................................................................59
2
8.1 SETTINGS .......................................................................................................................................59
8.1.1
Backup Settings...............................................................................................................59
8.1.2
Update Settings...............................................................................................................59
8.1.3
Restore Default ...............................................................................................................60
8.2 SYSTEM LOG .................................................................................................................................61
8.3 SNMP AGENT ...............................................................................................................................62
8.4 TR-069 CLIENT .............................................................................................................................63
8.5 INTERNET TIME .............................................................................................................................64
8.6 ACCESS CONTROL .........................................................................................................................64
8.6.1
Services...........................................................................................................................64
8.6.2
IP Addresses ...................................................................................................................65
8.6.3
Passwords .......................................................................................................................66
8.7 UPDATE SOFTWARE .......................................................................................................................67
8.8 SAVE AND REBOOT ........................................................................................................................67
APPENDIX A – FIREWALL...............................................................................................................68
APPENDIX B – PIN ASSIGNMENTS ...............................................................................................72
APPENDIX C – SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................................73
APPENDIX D – SSH CLIENT............................................................................................................75
3
Chapter 1 Introduction
CT-5072S with TR-069 compliant are a series of high performance ADSL2+ Ethernet
Routers, providing one 10/100 Ethernet, and one ADSL line to access the Internet.
Comtrend’s CT-5072S series also provide with TR-068 compliant panels and LED
indicators making them more user-friendly. It incorporates LAN or Video on Demand
over one ordinary telephone line at speeds of up to 24 Mbps. It has full routing
capabilities to segment / route IP protocol and is able to support advanced security
functions.
The CT-5072S series can operate in either routing or bridging mode and also
facilitate remote network management from home. In addition, it can protect all the
networked computers with advanced security technologies, such as VPNs (Virtual
Private Networks) with PPTP pass-through, L2TP pass-through, IPSec pass-through
and firewall.
1.1 Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CT-5072S (Annex A)
IP filtering
SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection)
DoS protection
Static route and RIP v1/v2 routing
Dynamic IP assignment
NAT/PAT
IGMP proxy
DHCP server/relay/client
DNS proxy
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Auto PVC configuration
Up to 8 VCs
Web-based management
Configuration backup and restoration
FTP/TFTP server
Embedded SNMP agent
IP/MAC address filtering
TR-069/TR-098/TR-111
TR-068 compliant
Remote administration, automatic
firmware upgrade and configuration
1.2 Application
The following diagram depicts the application of the CT-5072S.
4
Chapter 2 Installation
2.1 Hardware Setup
Follow the instructions below to complete the hardware installation.
The diagram below shows the back panel of the device.
Power
port
Power
button
Reset
button
LINE Port
Connect the ADSL line to this port with a RJ11 cable.
LAN Port
Use a RJ45 straight-through or crossover MDI/X cable to connect to the LAN.
Power ON
Press the power button to the OFF position (OUT). Connect the power adapter to
the power port. Attach the power adapter to a wall outlet or other AC source.
Press the power button to the ON position (IN). If the Power LED displays as
expected then the device is ready for setup (see section 2.2 LED Indicators).
Caution 1:
If the device fails to power up, or it malfunctions, first verify that
the power cords are connected securely. Then power it on again.
If the problem persists, contact technical support.
Caution 2: Before servicing or disassembling this equipment, disconnect all
power cords and telephone lines from their outlets.
Reset Button
Restore the default parameters of the device by pressing the Reset button for 5 to
10 seconds. After the device has rebooted successfully, the front panel should
display as expected (see section 2.2 LED Indicators for details).
NOTE:
If pressed down for more than 20 seconds, the CT-5072S will go into a
firmware update state (CFE boot mode). The firmware can then be
updated using an Internet browser pointed to the default IP address.
5
2.2 LED Indicators
The LED indicators are shown below and explained in the table that follows.
are useful for checking the power and connection status of the router.
LED
LAN LINK
ADSL TX/RX
ADSL LINK
POWER
Color
Green
Green
Green
Green
They
Mode
Function
On
An Ethernet Link is established
Off
An Ethernet Link is not established
Blink
Data transmitting or receiving over LAN
On
ADSL Link is ready
Off
ADSL Link is terminated
Blink
ADSL link is active
On
ADSL link is established
Off
ADSL link is not established
Blink
ADSL link is training
On
The router is powered up
Off
The router is powered down
6
Chapter 3 Web User Interface
This section describes how to access the device via the web user interface (WUI)
using an Internet browser such as Internet Explorer (version 5.0 and later).
3.1 Default Settings
The factory default settings of this device are summarized below.
•
•
•
•
LAN IP address: 192.168.1.1
LAN subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Administrative access (username: root , password: 12345)
User access (username: user, password: user)
•
DHCP server: enabled in routing modes (PPPoA/E, IPoA & MER)
•
Firewall and NAT: enabled for PPPoE and PPPoA modes
disabled for MER and IPoA modes
not available for Bridge mode
•
•
•
Remote WAN access: disabled
Remote (WAN) access (username: support, password: support)
WAN IP address: none
This device supports the following connection types.
•
•
•
•
•
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
PPP over ATM (PPPoA)
MAC Encapsulated Routing (MER)
IP over ATM (IPoA)
Bridging
Technical Note:
During power on, the device initializes all settings to default values. It will then
read the configuration profile from the permanent storage section of flash memory.
The default attributes are overwritten when identical attributes with different values
are configured. The configuration profile in permanent storage can be created via
the web user interface or telnet user interface, or other management protocols.
The factory default configuration can be restored either by pushing the reset button
for more than five seconds until the power indicates LED blinking or by clicking the
Restore Default Configuration option in the Restore Settings screen.
7
3.2 IP Configuration
STATIC IP MODE
To access router settings, your PC must have a static IP address within the
192.168.1.x subnet. Follow the steps below to configure your PC IP address to use
subnet 192.168.1.x. The following steps assume you are running Windows XP.
STEP 1: From the Network Connections window, open Local Area Connection (You
may also access this screen by double-clicking the Local Area Connection
icon on your taskbar). Click the Properties button.
STEP 2: Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click the Properties button.
The screen should now display as below. Change the IP address to the
domain of 192.168.1.x (1<x<255) with subnet mask of 255.255.255.0.
STEP 3: Click OK to submit the settings.
8
DHCP MODE
Set your PC to DHCP mode by selecting Obtain an IP address automatically in
the Internet Protocol Properties dialog box, as shown below.
3.3 Login Procedure
Perform the following steps to login to the web user interface.
NOTE:
The default settings can be found in section 3.1.
STEP 1: Start the Internet browser and enter the default IP address for the device
in the Web address field. For example, if the default IP address is
192.168.1.1, type http://192.168.1.1.
NOTE:
For local administration (i.e. LAN access), the PC running the browser
must be attached to the Ethernet, and not necessarily to the device. For
remote access (i.e. WAN), use the IP address shown on the Device Info WAN screen and login with remote username and password.
STEP 2: A dialog box will appear, such as the one below. Enter a default
username and password, as defined in section 3.1 Default Settings.
9
Click OK to continue.
NOTE:
The login password can be changed later (section 8.6.3 Passwords)
STEP 3: After successfully logging in for the first time, you will reach this screen.
NOTE1: If a PVC connection already exists then this Quick Setup screen will be
bypassed and the Device Info – Summary screen will display instead.
NOTE2: The selections available on the main menu (onscreen at left) are based
upon the configured connection and user account privileges.
10
Chapter 4 Quick Setup
The function allows the user to configure the ADSL router for DSL connectivity and
Internet access. It guides the user though the WAN network setup first and then
the LAN interface setup. The user can either manually customize the router or
follow the auto quick setup procedure.
The following configuration considerations apply:
•
•
•
•
•
The WAN network operating mode operation depends on the service provider’s
configuration on the Central Office side and Broadband Access Server for the
PVC
If the service provider provides PPPoE service, then the connection selection
depends on whether the LAN-side device (typically a PC) is running a PPPoE
client or whether the CT-5072S is to run the PPPoE client. The CT-5072S can
support both cases simultaneously.
If some or none of the LAN-side devices are not running a PPPoE client, then
select PPPoE. If all LAN-side devices are running PPPoE clients, then select
Bridge In PPPoE mode, CT-5072S also supports pass-through PPPoE sessions
from the LAN side while simultaneously running a PPPoE client from non-PPPoE
LAN devices.
NAT and firewall are always enabled when PPPoE mode is selected, but they can
be enabled or disabled by the user when MER or IPoA is selected, NAT and
firewall are always disabled when Bridge mode is selected.
Depending on the network-operating mode, and NAT and firewall status, the
main menu will display or hide the NAT/Firewall menu. For instance, if the
default network-operating mode is Bridge, the main menu will not show the NAT
and Firewall menu.
NOTE:
Up to 8 PVC profiles can be configured and saved in the flash memory. To
activate a particular PVC profile, you must navigate through all the setup
screens until the last summary screen, and click Save/Reboot.
11
4.1 Auto Quick Setup
The auto quick setup procedures require the ADSL link to be up to automatically
detect PVCs. You simply need to follow the online instructions as prompted.
Step 1: Select Quick Setup to display the DSL Quick Setup screen.
Step 2: Click Next to start the setup process. Follow the online instructions to
complete the setting. This procedure will skip some advanced setup
procedures (such as PVC index and encapsulation selection).
Step 3: After the setup is complete the CT-5072S will reboot.
NOTE:
After the device reboots, the Device Info – Summary screen should
appear. If the browser does not refresh automatically, close it and
restart. You will need to login again.
12
4.2 Manual Quick Setup
STEP 1: Click Quick Setup and un-tick the DSL Auto-connect checkbox ; to
enable manual configuration of the connection type.
Un-tick this checkbox to enable manual
setup and display the following screen.
STEP 2: Adjust the VPI/VCI settings for the connection you wish to establish. You
may also Enable Quality of Service (QoS) with its checkbox ;.
STEP 3: On this screen, you can choose the connection type and select the
appropriate encapsulation mode. The available options are shown.
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
PPPoA- VC/MUX, LLC/ENCAPSULATION
PPPoE- LLC/SNAP BRIDGING, VC/MUX
MER- LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, VC/MUX
IPoA- LLC/SNAP-ROUTING, VC MUX
Bridging- LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING, VC/MUX
You may also choose to Enable 802.1q (available in PPPoE, MER and
Bridging modes) and enter the VLAN ID, as shown below.
13
Click Next to continue…
NOTE:
The subsections that follow continue the ATM PVC setup procedure.
Enter the appropriate settings for your service. Choosing different
connection types will lead to a different sequence of setup screens.
14
4.2.1
PPP over ATM (PPPoA) and PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
STEP 4: Enter the PPP settings as provided by your ISP.
PPP Settings
The PPP Username, PPP password and the PPPoE Service Name entries are
dependent on the particular requirements of the ISP. The user name can be a
maximum of 256 characters and the password a maximum of 32 characters in
length. For Authentication Method, choose from AUTO, PAP, CHAP, and MSCHAP.
Dial on Demand
The CT-5072S can be configured to disconnect if there is no activity for a period of
time by selecting the Dial on demand check box. When the checkbox ; is ticked,
you must enter an inactivity timeout period of 1 to 4320 minutes.
PPP IP Extension
The PPP IP Extension is a special feature deployed by some service providers.
Unless your service provider specifically requires this setup, do not select it.
PPP IP Extension does the following:
•
•
•
•
Allows only one PC on the LAN
The public IP address assigned by the remote side using the PPP/IPCP
protocol is actually not used on the WAN PPP interface. Instead, it is
forwarded to the PC LAN interface through DHCP. Only one PC on the
LAN can be connected to the remote, since the DHCP server within the
device has only a single IP address to assign to a LAN device.
NAT and firewall are disabled when this option is selected.
The device becomes the default gateway and DNS server to the PC
through DHCP using the LAN interface IP address.
15
•
•
The device extends the IP subnet at the remote service provider to the
LAN PC. i.e. the PC becomes a host belonging to the same IP subnet.
The device bridges the IP packets between WAN and LAN ports, unless
the packet is addressed to the device’s LAN IP address.
Use Static IP Address
Unless your service provider specially requires this setup, do not select it.
If selected, enter your static IP address in the IP Address field.
Enable PPP Debug Mode
When this option is selected, the system will put more PPP connection information
into the system log. This is for debugging errors and not for normal usage.
STEP 5: Click Next to display the following screen.
Enable IGMP Multicast
Tick the checkbox ; to enable IGMP multicast (proxy). IGMP (Internet Group
Membership Protocol) is a protocol used by IP hosts to report their multicast group
memberships to any immediately neighboring multicast routers.
Enable WAN Service
Tick the checkbox ; to enable the WAN service.
Service Name: This is the WAN Service label.
STEP 6: Upon completion, click Next.
The following screen appears.
16
This screen allows for the configuration of the CT-5072S LAN interface IP address,
subnet mask and DHCP server. To auto-assign IP addresses, DNS server and
default gateway to other LAN devices, select the Enable DHCP server radio box.
You must also enter the start and end IP address and DHCP leased time.
To configure a secondary IP address for the LAN port, click the checkbox ; shown.
17
STEP 7: Click Next to display the configuration summary. Click Save/Reboot if
the settings are correct. Click Back if you wish to modify the settings.
After clicking Save/Reboot, the router will save the configuration to the flash
memory and reboot. The Web UI will not respond until the system is brought up
again. After the system is up, the Web UI will refresh to the Device Info screen
automatically. The CT-5072S is ready for operation when the front panel LED
indicators display as described in section 2.2 LED Indicators.
18
4.2.2
MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER)
STEP 4: Enter the WAN IP settings as provided by your ISP.
DHCP can be enabled if the Obtain an IP address automatically checkbox ; is
checked. Configuring the default gateway or the DNS with static values will disable
the automatic assignment from DHCP or other WAN connection.
STEP 5: Click Next to display the following screen.
Enable NAT
If the LAN is configured with a private IP address, the user should select this
checkbox ;. The NAT submenu will appear in the Advanced Setup menu after
reboot. On the other hand, if a private IP address is not used on the LAN side (i.e.
the LAN side is using a public IP), this checkbox ; should not be selected, so as to
free up system resources for improved performance.
19
Enable Firewall
If this checkbox ; is selected, the Security submenu will be displayed on the
Advanced Setup menu after reboot. If firewall is not necessary, this checkbox ;
should be de-selected to free up system resources for better performance.
Enable IGMP Multicast
Tick the checkbox ; to enable IGMP multicast (proxy). IGMP (Internet Group
Membership Protocol) is a protocol used by IP hosts to report their multicast group
memberships to any immediately neighboring multicast routers.
Enable WAN Service
Tick the checkbox ; to enable the WAN service.
Service Name is user-defined.
STEP 6: Upon completion, click Next.
The following screen appears.
This screen allows for the configuration of the CT-5072S LAN interface IP address,
subnet mask and DHCP server. To auto-assign IP addresses, DNS server and
default gateway to LAN devices, select the Enable DHCP server radio box. You
must also enter the start and end IP address and DHCP leased time.
Select Enable DHCP Server Relay (if required), and enter the DHCP Server IP
Address. This allows the router to relay the DHCP packets to the remote DHCP
server. The remote DHCP server will provide the IP address.
NOTE:
The Enable DHCP Server Relay option will not display if NAT is enabled.
20
To configure a secondary IP address for the LAN port, click the checkbox ; shown.
STEP 7: Click Next to display the configuration summary. Click Save/Reboot if
the settings are correct. Click Back if you wish to modify the settings.
After clicking Save/Reboot, the router will save the configuration to the flash
memory and reboot. The Web UI will not respond until the system is brought up
again. After the system is up, the Web UI will refresh to the Device Info screen
automatically. The CT-5072S is ready for operation when the front panel LED
indicators display as described in section 2.2 LED Indicators.
21
4.2.3
IP Over ATM
STEP 4: Enter the WAN IP settings as provided by your ISP.
Since DHCP is not supported over IPoA, the default gateway settings and DNS
server addresses must be entered here. These should be provided by your ISP.
STEP 5: Click Next to display the following screen.
Enable NAT
If the LAN is configured with a private IP address, the user should select this
checkbox ;. The NAT submenu will appear in the Advanced Setup menu after
reboot. On the other hand, if a private IP address is not used on the LAN side (i.e.
the LAN side is using a public IP), this checkbox ; should not be selected, so as to
free up system resources for improved performance.
Enable Firewall
If this checkbox ; is selected, the Security submenu will be displayed on the
Advanced Setup menu after reboot. If firewall is not necessary, this checkbox ;
should be de-selected to free up system resources for better performance.
22
Enable IGMP Multicast
Tick the checkbox ; to enable IGMP multicast (proxy). IGMP (Internet Group
Membership Protocol) is a protocol used by IP hosts to report their multicast group
memberships to any immediately neighboring multicast routers.
Enable WAN Service
Tick the checkbox ; to enable the WAN service.
Service Name is user-defined.
STEP 6: Upon completion, click Next.
The following screen appears.
This screen allows for the configuration of the CT-5072S LAN interface IP address,
subnet mask and DHCP server. To auto-assign IP addresses, DNS server and
default gateway to LAN devices, select the Enable DHCP server radio box. You
must also enter the start and end IP address and DHCP leased time.
Select Enable DHCP Server Relay (if required), and enter the DHCP Server IP
Address. This allows the router to relay the DHCP packets to the remote DHCP
server. The remote DHCP server will provide the IP address.
NOTE:
The Enable DHCP Server Relay option will not display if NAT is enabled.
To configure a secondary IP address for the LAN port, click the checkbox ; shown.
23
STEP 7: Click Next to display the configuration summary. Click Save/Reboot if
the settings are correct. Click Back if you wish to modify the settings.
After clicking Save/Reboot, the router will save the configuration to the flash
memory and reboot. The Web UI will not respond until the system is brought up
again. After the system is up, the Web UI will refresh to the Device Info screen
automatically. The CT-5072S is ready for operation when the front panel LED
indicators display as described in section 2.2 LED Indicators.
4.2.4
Bridging
STEP 4: To enable bridge service, tick the checkbox ; and enter a service name.
24
STEP 5: Click Next to display the following screen.
Enter the IP address and subnet mask for the LAN interface. These settings are
used to manage the CT-5072S. In bridge mode, there is no WAN IP address and
therefore no remote access to the router for technical support or other purposes.
STEP 6: Click Next to display the configuration summary. Click Save/Reboot if
the settings are correct. Click Back if you wish to modify the settings.
After clicking Save/Reboot, the router will save the configuration to the flash
memory and reboot. The Web UI will not respond until the system is brought up
again. After the system is up, the Web UI will refresh to the Device Info screen
automatically. The CT-5072S is ready for operation when the front panel LED
indicators display as described in section 2.2 LED Indicators.
25
Chapter 5 Device Information
The web user interface is divided into two windowpanes, the main menu (at left) and
the display screen (on the right). The main menu has the several options and
selecting each of these options opens a submenu with more selections.
NOTE:
The menu items shown are based upon the configured connection and
user account privileges. For example, in the Advanced Setup menu, if
NAT and Firewall are enabled, the main menu will display the NAT and
Security submenus. If either is disabled, their corresponding menu(s)
will also be disabled.
Device Info is the first selection on the main menu so it will be discussed first.
Subsequent chapters will introduce the other main menu options in sequence.
The Device Info Summary screen (shown above) is the default startup screen.
It provides summary information regarding hardware, software, data transmission
(i.e. Line Rate), and the IP configuration of the device.
26
5.1 WAN
Select WAN from the Device Info submenu to display the configured PVC(s).
Heading
VPI/VCI
Con. ID
Category
Service
Interface
Protocol
IGMP
QoS
State
Status
IP Address
Description
ATM VPI (0-255) / VCI (32-65535)
WAN connection ID number
ATM service category
Name of the WAN connection
Name of the interface for WAN
Shows the connection type
Shows Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) status
Shows Quality of Service (QoS) status
Shows the connection state of the WAN connection
Lists the status of DSL link
Shows WAN IP address
5.2 Statistics
This selection provides LAN, WAN, ATM and ADSL statistics.
NOTE:
These screens are updated every 15 seconds.
5.2.1
LAN Statistics
This screen shows data traffic statistics for each LAN interface.
27
Heading
Interface
Received/Transmitted:
5.2.2
-
Bytes
Pkts
Errs
Drops
Description
LAN interface(s)
Number of Bytes
Number of Packets
Number of packets with errors
Number of dropped packets
WAN Statistics
Heading
Service
VPI/VCI
Protocol
Interface
Received/Transmitted
- Bytes
- Pkts
- Errs
- Drops
Description
WAN service label
ATM Virtual Path/Channel Identifiers
Connection type (e.g. PPPoE, IPoA, Bridge)
Shows connection interfaces
Number of Bytes
Number of Packets
Number of packets with errors
Number of dropped packets
28
5.2.3
ATM statistics
The following figure shows the ATM statistics screen.
ATM Interface Statistics
Heading
In Octets
Out Octets
Description
Number of received octets over the interface
Number of transmitted octets over the interface
In Errors
In Unknown
Number of cells dropped due to uncorrectable HEC errors
Number of received cells discarded during cell header validation,
including cells with unrecognized VPI/VCI values, and cells with
invalid cell header patterns. If cells with undefined PTI values
are discarded, they are also counted here.
Number of cells received with an ATM Cell Header HEC error
Number of cells received with an unregistered VCC address.
In Hec Errors
In Invalid Vpi
Vci Errors
In Port Not
Enable Errors
In PTI Errors
In Idle Cells
In Circuit Type
Errors
In OAM RM CRC
Errors
In GFC Errors
Number of cells received on a port that has not been enabled.
Number of cells received with an ATM header Payload Type
Indicator (PTI) error
Number of idle cells received
Number of cells received with an illegal circuit type
Number of OAM and RM cells received with CRC errors
Number of cells received with a non-zero GFC.
AAL5 Interface Statistics
Heading
In Octets
Out Octets
In Ucast Pkts
Out Ucast Pkts
Description
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDU octets
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDU octets transmitted
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs passed to a
higher-layer for transmission
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs received from a
higher layer for transmission
29
In Errors
Out Errors
In Discards
Out Discards
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs received that
contain an error. These errors include CRC-32 errors.
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs that could not be
transmitted due to errors.
Number of received AAL5/AAL0 CPCS PDUs discarded due to an
input buffer overflow condition.
This field is not currently used
AAL5 VCC Statistics
Heading
VPI/VCI
CRC Errors
SAR TimeOuts
Oversized SDUs
Short Packet
Errors
Length Errors
Description
ATM Virtual Path/Channel Identifiers
Number of PDUs received with CRC-32 errors
Number of partially re-assembled PDUs that were discarded
because they were not fully re-assembled within the required
period of time. If the re-assembly time is not supported, then
this object contains a zero value.
Number of PDUs discarded because the corresponding SDU was
too large
Number of PDUs discarded because the PDU length was less
than the size of the AAL5 trailer
Number of PDUs discarded because the PDU length did not
match the length in the AAL5 trailer
30
5.2.4
ADSL Statistics
The following figure shows the ADSL Statistics screen in G.Dmt mode.
Click the Reset Statistics button to refresh this screen.
31
Field
Mode
Type
Line Coding
Status
Link Power State
Description
G.Dmt, G.lite, T1.413, ADSL2, ADSL2+
Channel type Interleave or Fast
Trellis On/Off
Lists the status of the DSL link
Link output power state.
SNR Margin (dB)
Attenuation (dB)
Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) margin
Estimate of average loop attenuation in the
downstream direction.
Total upstream output power
The sync rate you would obtain.
Current sync rate.
Output Power (dBm)
Attainable Rate (Kbps)
Rate (Kbps)
In G.DMT mode, the following section is inserted.
K
Number of bytes in DMT frame
R
Number of check bytes in RS code word
S
RS code word size in DMT frame
D
The interleaver depth
Delay
The delay in milliseconds (msec)
In ADSL2+ mode, the following section is inserted.
MSGc
Number of bytes in overhead channel message
B
Number of bytes in Mux Data Frame
M
Number of Mux Data Frames in FEC Data Frame
T
Max Data Frames over sync bytes
R
Number of check bytes in FEC Data Frame
S
Ratio of FEC over PMD Data Frame length
L
Number of bits in PMD Data Frame
D
The interleaver depth
Delay
The delay in milliseconds (msec)
Super Frames
Super Frame Errors
RS Words
RS Correctable Errors
RS Uncorrectable Errors
Total number of super frames
Number of super frames received with errors
Total number of Reed-Solomon code errors
Total Number of RS with correctable errors
Total Number of RS words with uncorrectable errors
HEC Errors
OCD Errors
LCD Errors
Total Cells
Data Cells
Bit Errors
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total ES
Total SES
Total UAS
Total Number of Errored Seconds
Total Number of Severely Errored Seconds
Total Number of Unavailable Seconds
Number of Header Error Checksum errors
Number of out-of-cell Delineation errors
number of Loss of Cell Delineation
number of ATM cells (including idle + data cells)
number of ATM data cells
number of bit errors
32
Within the ADSL Statistics window, a Bit Error Rate (BER) test can be started using
the ADSL BER Test button. A small window will open when the button is pressed;
it will appear as shown below. Click Start to start the test or Close.
If the test is successful, the pop-up window will display as follows.
33
5.3 Route
Choose Route to display the routes that the CT-5072S has found.
Field
Destination
Gateway
Subnet Mask
Flag
Metric
Service
Interface
Description
Destination network or destination host
Next hub IP address
Subnet Mask of Destination
U: route is up
!: reject route
G: use gateway
H: target is a host
R: reinstate route for dynamic routing
D: dynamically installed by daemon or redirect
M: modified from routing daemon or redirect
The 'distance' to the target (usually counted in hops). It is not
used by recent kernels, but may be needed by routing daemons.
Shows the name for WAN connection
Shows connection interfaces
34
5.4 ARP
Click ARP to display the ARP information.
Field
IP address
Flags
HW Address
Device
Description
Shows IP address of host pc
Complete, Incomplete, Permanent, or Publish
Shows the MAC address of host pc
Shows the connection interface
5.5 DHCP
Click DHCP to display all DHCP Leases.
Field
Hostname
MAC Address
IP address
Expires In
Description
Shows the device/host/PC network name
Shows the Ethernet MAC address of the device/host/PC
Shows IP address of device/host/PC
Shows how much time is left for each DHCP Lease
35
Chapter 6 Advanced Setup
This chapter explains the following screens:
6.1 WAN
6.6 Routing
6.2 LAN
6.7 DNS
6.3 NAT
6.8 DSL
6.4 Security
6.9 Certificate
6.5 Quality of Service
6.1 WAN
This screen allows for the configuration of WAN interfaces.
To Add a new WAN connection, click the Add button. To edit an existing
connection, click the Edit button next to the connection. To complete the Add or
Edit go to STEP 2 in section 4.2 Manual Quick Setup. To remove a connection
select its radio button under the Remove column of the table and click the Remove
button under the table.
Heading
VPI/VCI
Con. ID
Category
Service
Interface
Protocol
Igmp
Nat
QoS
VlanId
State
Remove
Edit
Description
ATM VPI (0-255) / VCI (32-65535)
WAN connection ID number
ATM service category
Name of the WAN connection
Name of the interface for WAN
Shows the connection type
Shows Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) status
Shows Network Address Translation (NAT) status
Shows Quality of Service (QoS) status
VLAN ID is used for VLAN Tagging (IEEE 802.1Q)
Shows the connection state of the WAN connection
Used to select connections for removal
Used to edit connections
36
6.2 LAN
From this screen, LAN interface settings can be configured.
NOTE:
NAT is enabled so UPnP is shown above (see underlined notes below).
Consult the field descriptions below for more details.
IP Address: Enter the IP address for the LAN port.
Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask for the LAN port.
Enable UPnP:
Tick the box to enable Universal Plug and Play.
This option is hidden when NAT disabled or if no PVC exists
Enable IGMP Snooping: This function does not apply to this model.
DHCP Server:
To enable DHCP, select Enable DHCP server and enter starting
and ending IP addresses and the leased time. This setting
configures the router to automatically assign IP, default gateway
and DNS server addresses to every PC on your LAN.
DHCP Server Relay:
Enable with checkbox ; and enter DHCP Server IP address.
This allows the Router to relay the DHCP packets to the
remote DHCP server. The remote DHCP server will provide
the IP address. This option is hidden if NAT is enabled
To configure a secondary IP address, tick the checkbox ; outlined (in RED) below.
37
IP Address: Enter the secondary IP address for the LAN port.
Subnet Mask: Enter the secondary subnet mask for the LAN port.
NOTE:
The Save button simply saves changes, while the Save/Reboot button
both saves and reboots the device to make any changes effective.
6.3 NAT
To display this option, NAT must be enabled in at least one PVC shown on the
Advanced Setup - WAN screen. (NAT is not an available option in Bridge mode)
6.3.1
Virtual Servers
Virtual Servers allow you to direct incoming traffic from the WAN side (identified by
Protocol and External port) to the Internal server with private IP addresses on the
LAN side. The Internal port is required only if the external port needs to be
converted to a different port number used by the server on the LAN side.
A maximum of 32 entries can be configured.
To add a Virtual Server, click Add. The following will be displayed.
38
Consult the table below for field and header descriptions.
Field/Header
Select a Service
Or
Custom Server
Server IP Address
External Port Start
External Port End
Protocol
Internal Port Start
Internal Port End
Description
User should select the service from the list.
Or
User can enter the name of their choice.
Enter the IP address for the server.
Enter the starting external port number (when you select
Custom Server). When a service is selected, the port ranges
are automatically configured.
Enter the ending external port number (when you select
Custom Server). When a service is selected, the port ranges
are automatically configured.
TCP, TCP/UDP, or UDP.
Enter the internal port starting number (when you select
Custom Server). When a service is selected the port ranges
are automatically configured
Enter the internal port ending number (when you select
Custom Server). When a service is selected, the port ranges
are automatically configured.
39
6.3.2
Port Triggering
Some applications require that specific ports in the firewall be opened for access by
the remote parties. Port Triggers dynamically 'Open Ports' in the firewall when an
application on the LAN initiates a TCP/UDP connection to a remote party using the
'Triggering Ports'. The Router allows the remote party from the WAN side to
establish new connections back to the application on the LAN side using the 'Open
Ports'. A maximum 32 entries can be configured.
To add a Trigger Port, click Add. The following will be displayed.
Consult the table below for field and header descriptions.
Field/Header
Select an Application
Or
Description
User should select the application from the list.
Or
40
Custom Application
Trigger Port Start
Trigger Port End
Trigger Protocol
Open Port Start
Open Port End
Open Protocol
6.3.3
User can enter the name of their choice.
Enter the starting trigger port number (when you select
custom application). When an application is selected, the
port ranges are automatically configured.
Enter the ending trigger port number (when you select
custom application). When an application is selected, the
port ranges are automatically configured.
TCP, TCP/UDP, or UDP.
Enter the starting open port number (when you select
custom application). When an application is selected, the
port ranges are automatically configured.
Enter the ending open port number (when you select
custom application). When an application is selected, the
port ranges are automatically configured.
TCP, TCP/UDP, or UDP.
DMZ Host
The DSL router will forward IP packets from the WAN that do not belong to any of
the applications configured in the Virtual Servers table to the DMZ host computer.
To Activate the DMZ host, enter the DMZ host IP address and click Save/Apply.
To Deactivate the DMZ host, clear the IP address field and click Save/Apply.
6.3.4
ALG
Session Initiation Protocol (SIP - RFC3261) Application Layer Gateway (ALG) is the
protocol of choice for most VoIP (Voice over IP) phones to initiate communication.
If the user has an IP phone (SIP) or VoIP gateway (SIP) situated behind the router,
the SIP ALG can help VoIP packets pass through when NAT is enabled.
Tick the SIP Enabled checkbox ; to enable SIP ALG and click Save/Apply.
41
NOTE:
This ALG is only valid for SIP protocol running on UDP port 5060.
6.4 Security
To display this function, you must enable the firewall feature in WAN Setup.
For detailed descriptions, with examples, please consult Appendix A – Firewall.
6.4.1
IP Filtering
This screen sets filter rules that limit IP traffic (Outgoing/Incoming). Multiple filter
rules can be set and each applies at least one limiting condition. For individual IP
packets to pass the filter all conditions must be fulfilled.
NOTE:
This function is not available when in bridge mode. Instead of IP
Filtering, MAC Filtering (pg. 44) performs a similar function.
OUTGOING IP FILTER
By default, all outgoing IP traffic is allowed, but IP traffic can be blocked with filters.
42
To add a filter (to block some outgoing IP traffic), click the Add button.
On the following screen, enter your filter criteria and then click Save/Apply.
Consult the table below for field descriptions.
Field
Filter Name
Protocol
Source IP address
Source Subnet Mask
Source Port (port or port:port)
Destination IP address
Destination Subnet Mask
Destination Port (port or port:port)
Description
The filter rule label
TCP, TCP/UDP, UDP, or ICMP.
Enter source IP address.
Enter source subnet mask.
Enter source port number or range.
Enter destination IP address.
Enter destination subnet mask.
Enter destination port number or range.
INCOMING IP FILTER
By default, all incoming IP traffic is blocked, but IP traffic can be allowed with filters.
To add a filter (to allow incoming IP traffic), click the Add button.
On the following screen, enter your filter criteria and then click Save/Apply.
43
For detailed field descriptions, please reference the previous table.
Under WAN Interfaces, select the PVCs (All routing modes with firewall ON) where
the filter rule will apply. You may select all PVCs or just a subset. Filter rules are
arranged by PVC as shown under the VPI/VCI heading on the previous screen.
6.4.2
MAC Filtering
NOTE:
This option is only available in bridge mode. Other modes (i.e. PPPoE/A,
IPoA, MER) use IP Filtering (pg. 42) to perform a similar function.
Each network device has a unique 48-bit MAC address. This can be used to filter
(block or forward) packets based on the originating device. MAC filtering policy
and rules for the CT-5072S can be set according to the following procedure.
The MAC Filtering Global Policy is defined as follows. FORWARDED means that all
MAC layer frames will be FORWARDED except those matching the MAC filter rules.
BLOCKED means that all MAC layer frames will be BLOCKED except those
matching the MAC filter rules. The default MAC Filtering Global policy is
FORWARDED. It can be changed by clicking the Change Policy button.
44
Choose Add or Remove to configure MAC filtering rules. The following screen will
appear when you click Add. Create a filter to identify the MAC layer frames by
specifying at least one condition below. If multiple conditions are specified, all of
them must be met. Click Save/Apply to save and activate the filter rule.
Consult the table below for detailed field descriptions.
Field
Protocol Type
Destination MAC Address
Source MAC Address
Frame Direction
WAN Interfaces
Description
PPPoE, IPv4, IPv6, AppleTalk, IPX, NetBEUI, IGMP
Defines the destination MAC address
Defines the source MAC address
Select the incoming/outgoing packet interface
Applies the filter to selected bridge PVCs. These
rules are arranged according to bridge PVC, as shown
under the VPI/VCI heading on the previous screen.
45
6.4.3
Parental Control
This feature restricts access from a LAN device to an outside network through the
device on selected days at certain times. Make sure to activate the Internet Time
server synchronization as described in section 8.5 Internet Time, so that the
scheduled times match your local time.
Click Add to display the following screen.
See below for field descriptions. Click Save/Apply to add a time restriction.
User Name: A user-defined label for this restriction.
Browser's MAC Address: MAC address of the PC running the browser.
Other MAC Address: MAC address of another LAN device.
Days of the Week: The days the restrictions apply.
Start Blocking Time: The time the restrictions start.
End Blocking Time: The time the restrictions end.
46
6.5 Quality of Service
NOTE:
QoS must be enabled in at least one PVC to display this option.
(see Advanced Setup - WAN for further instructions).
Choose Add to configure network traffic classes. The following screen will display.
Field
Traffic Class Name
Assign ATM Transmit Priority
Mark IP Precedence
Description
Enter name for traffic class.
Select Low, Medium or High.
Select between 0-7. The lower the digit shows
the higher the priority.
47
Mark IP Type Of Service
Mark 802.1p if 802.1q is
enabled on WAN
SET-1
Protocol
Source IP Address
Source Subnet Mask
UDP/TCP Source Port (port or
port:port)
Destination IP address
Destination Subnet Mask
UDP/TCP Destination port (port
or port:port)
SET-2
802.1p Priority
Normal Service, Minimize Cost, Maximize
Reliability, Maximize Throughput, Minimize Delay
Select between 0-7. The higher the digit shows
the higher the priority.
TCP, TCP/UDP, UDP, or ICMP.
Enter the source IP address.
Enter the subnet mask for the source IP address.
Enter source port number or port range.
Enter destination IP address.
Enter destination subnet mask.
Enter destination port number or port range.
Select between 0-7. The lower the digit shows
the higher the priority
If the Enable Differentiated Service Configuration checkbox ; is selected,
some additional fields will display, as shown below.
The additional Items are explained here.
48
Assign Differentiated Services
Code Point (DSCP) Mark
Source MAC Address
Source MAC Mask
Destination MAC Address
Destination MAC Mask
The selected Code Point gives the
corresponding priority to the packets that
satisfies the rules set below.
A packet belongs to SET-1, if a binary-AND of
its source MAC address with the Source MAC
Mask is equal to the binary-AND of the Source
MAC Mask and this field.
This is the mask used to decide how many
bits are checked in Source MAC Address.
A packet belongs to SET-1 then the result
that the Destination MAC Address of its
header binary-AND to the Destination MAC
Mask must equal to the result that this field
binary-AND to the Destination MAC Mask.
This is the mask used to decide how many
bits are checked in Destination MAC Address.
6.6 Routing
This option allows for Default Gateway, Static Route, and RIP configuration.
NOTE:
In bridge mode, the RIP screen is hidden while the Default Gateway
and Static Route configuration screens are shown but ineffective.
6.6.1
Default Gateway
If the Enable Automatic Assigned Default Gateway checkbox ; is selected, the
router will accept the first received default gateway assignment from one of the
PPPoA, PPPoE or MER (DHCP enabled) PVC(s). If the checkbox ; is not selected,
enter the static default gateway AND/OR a WAN interface. Click Save/Apply.
NOTE:
After enabling the Automatic Assigned Default Gateway, the device must
be rebooted to activate the assigned default gateway.
49
6.6.2
Static Route
This option allows for the configuration of static routes. Click Add to create a new
static route. Click Remove to delete the selected static route.
Click the Add button to display the following screen.
Enter Destination Network Address, Subnet Mask, Gateway IP Address, and/or WAN
Interface. Then click Save/Apply to add the entry to the routing table.
6.6.3
RIP
To activate RIP, select the Enabled radio button for Global RIP Mode. To configure
an individual interface (PVC), select the desired RIP version and operation, and then
select the Enabled checkbox ; for that interface (PVC). Click Save/Apply to
save the configuration and start/stop RIP (based on the Global RIP mode selected).
50
6.7 DNS
6.7.1
DNS Server
If the Enable Automatic Assigned DNS checkbox ; is selected, this router will
accept the first received DNS assignment from one of the DHCP enabled PVC(s). If
the checkbox ; is not selected, enter the primary and optional secondary DNS
server IP addresses. Click Save to save the new configuration.
NOTE:
You must reboot the router to make the new configuration effective.
6.7.2
Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS service allows you to map a dynamic IP address to a static
hostname in any of many domains, allowing the CT-5072S to be more easily
accessed from various locations on the Internet.
51
To add a dynamic DNS service, click Add.
The following screen will display.
Consult the table below for field descriptions.
Field
D-DNS provider
Hostname
Interface
Username
Password
Description
Select a dynamic DNS provider from the list
Enter the name for the dynamic DNS server
Select the interface (PVC) from the list
Enter the username for the dynamic DNS server
Enter the password for the dynamic DNS server
52
6.8 DSL
The DSL Settings screen allows for the selection of DSL modulation modes.
For optimum performance, the modes selected should match those of your ISP.
DSL Mode
G.Dmt
G.lite
T1.413
ADSL2
AnnexL
ADSL2+
AnnexM
Options
Inner/Outer Pair
Bitswap Enable
SRA Enable
Data Transmission Rate - Mbit/s (Megabits per second)
Downstream: 12 Mbit/s
Upstream: 1.3 Mbit/s
Downstream:
4 Mbit/s
Upstream: 0.5 Mbit/s
Downstream:
8 Mbit/s
Upstream: 1.0 Mbit/s
Downstream: 12 Mbit/s
Upstream: 1.0 Mbit/s
Supports longer loops but with reduced transmission rates
Downstream: 24 Mbit/s
Upstream: 1.0 Mbit/s
Downstream: 24 Mbit/s
Upstream: 3.5 Mbit/s
Description
Select the inner or outer pins of the twisted pair (RJ11 cable)
Enables adaptive handshaking functionality
Enables Seamless Rate Adaptation (SRA)
53
6.9 Certificate
A certificate is a public key, attached with its owner’s information (company name,
server name, personal real name, contact e-mail, postal address, etc) and digital
signatures. There will be one or more digital signatures attached to the certificate,
indicating that these entities have verified that this certificate is valid.
6.9.1
Local
CREATE CERTIFICATE REQUEST
Click Create Certificate Request to generate a certificate-signing request.
The certificate-signing request can be submitted to the vendor/ISP/ITSP to apply for
a certificate. Some information must be included in the certificate-signing request.
Your vendor/ISP/ITSP will ask you to provide the information they require and to
provide the information in the format they regulate. Enter the required information
and click Apply to generate a private key and a certificate-signing request.
The following table is provided for your reference.
54
Field
Certificate Name
Common Name
Organization Name
State/Province Name
Country/Region Name
Description
A user-defined name for the certificate.
Usually, the fully qualified domain name for the machine.
The exact legal name of your organization.
Do not abbreviate.
The state or province where your organization is located.
It cannot be abbreviated.
The two-letter ISO abbreviation for your country.
IMPORT CERTIFICATE
Click Import Certificate to paste the certificate content and the private key
provided by your vendor/ISP/ITSP into the corresponding boxes shown below.
Enter a certificate name and click Apply to import the local certificate.
55
6.9.2
Trusted CA
CA is an abbreviation for Certificate Authority, which is a part of the X.509 system.
It is itself a certificate, attached with the owner information of this certificate
authority; but its purpose is not encryption/decryption. Its purpose is to sign and
issue certificates, in order to prove that these certificates are valid.
Click Import Certificate to paste the certificate content of your trusted CA. The
CA certificate content will be provided by your vendor/ISP/ITSP and is used to
authenticate the Auto-Configuration Server (ACS) that the CPE will connect to.
Enter a certificate name and click Apply to import the CA certificate.
56
Chapter 7 Diagnostics
Diagnostics screens for PPPoE and Bridge connection types are shown below.
PPPoE Connection
Bridge Connection
General Information
The Diagnostics menu provides feedback on the connection status of the device.
The individual tests are listed below. If a test displays a fail status, click Rerun
Diagnostic Tests at the bottom of the screen to retest and confirm the error. If
the test continues to fail, click Help and follow the troubleshooting procedures.
The basic test set (no PVC configured) is described in the table below. For help with
the other tests click on the Help link next to the test condition for guidance
57
Test
ENET
Connection
ADSL
Synchronization
Description
Pass: Indicates that the CT-5072S has
interface on your computer.
Fail: Indicates that the CT-5072S does
interface on your computer.
Pass: Indicates that the CT-5072S has
from the telephone company.
Fail: Indicates that the CT-5072S does
from the telephone company.
58
detected the Ethernet
not detect the Ethernet
detected a DSL signal
not detect a DSL signal
Chapter 8 Management
The Management menu has the following maintenance functions and processes:
8.1 Settings
8.5 Internet Time
8.2 System Log
8.6 Access Control
8.3 SNMP Agent
8.7 Update Software
8.4 TR-069 Client
8.8 Save and Reboot
8.1 Settings
This includes Backup Settings, Update Settings, and Restore Default screens.
8.1.1
Backup Settings
To save the current configuration to a file on your PC, click Backup Settings. You
will be prompted for a location of the backup file. This file can later be used to
recover settings using the Update Settings function described below.
8.1.2
Update Settings
This option recovers configuration files previously saved using Backup Settings.
Enter the file name (including folder path) in the Settings File Name box or press
Browse… to search for the file. Click Update Settings to recover settings.
59
8.1.3
Restore Default
Click Restore Default Settings to restore the CT-5072S to factory default
settings.
After Restore Default Settings is clicked, the following screen appears.
Close the browser and wait for 2 minutes before reopening it. It may also be
necessary, to reconfigure your PC IP configuration to match your new settings.
NOTE:
This entry has the same effect as the Reset button. The CT-5072S board
hardware and the boot loader support the reset to default. If the Reset
button is continuously pressed for more than 5 seconds, the boot loader
will erase the configuration data saved in flash memory.
60
8.2 System Log
This function allows a system log to be kept and viewed upon request.
Follow the steps below to configure, enable, and view the system log.
Step 1: Click Configure System Log as shown below.
Step 2: Select desired options and click Save/Apply.
Consult the table below for detailed descriptions of each system log option.
Option Description
Log
Indicates whether the system is currently recording events. The user can
enable or disable event logging. By default, it is disabled. To enable it,
tick Enable and then Apply button.
Log
Allows you to configure the event level and filter out unwanted events
level
below this level. The events ranging from the highest critical level
“Emergency” down to this configured level will be recorded to the log buffer
on the CT-5072S SDRAM. When the log buffer is full, the newer event will
wrap up to the top of the log buffer and overwrite the old event.
61
By default, the log level is “Debugging”, which is the lowest critical level.
The log levels are defined as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Emergency = system is unusable
Alert = action must be taken immediately
Critical = critical conditions
Error = Error conditions
Warning = normal but significant condition
Notice= normal but insignificant condition
Informational= provides information for reference
Debugging = debug-level messages
Emergency is the most serious event level, whereas Debugging is the least
important. For instance, if the log level is set to Debugging, all the events
from the lowest Debugging level to the most critical level Emergency level
will be recorded. If the log level is set to Error, only Error and the level
above will be logged.
Display Allows the user to select the logged events and displays on the View
Level
System Log window for events of this level and above to the highest
Emergency level.
Mode
Allows you to specify whether events should be stored in the local memory,
or be sent to a remote system log server, or both simultaneously. If
remote mode is selected, view system log will not be able to display events
saved in the remote system log server.
When either Remote mode or Both mode is configured, the WEB UI will
prompt the user to enter the Server IP address and Server UDP port.
STEP 3: Click View System Log. The results are displayed as follows.
8.3 SNMP Agent
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) allows a management application to
retrieve statistics and status from the SNMP agent in this device. Select the
Enable radio button, configure options, and click Save/Apply to activate SNMP.
62
8.4 TR-069 Client
WAN Management Protocol (TR-069) allows an Auto-Configuration Server (ACS) to
perform auto-configuration, provision, collection, and diagnostics to this device.
Option
Inform
Inform Interval
ACS URL
ACS User Name
Description
Disable/Enable TR-069 client on the CPE.
The duration in seconds of the interval for which the CPE
MUST attempt to connect with the ACS and call the Inform
method.
URL for the CPE to connect to the ACS using the CPE WAN
Management Protocol. This parameter MUST be in the form
of a valid HTTP or HTTPS URL. An HTTPS URL indicates that
the ACS supports SSL. The “host” portion of this URL is used
by the CPE for validating the certificate from the ACS when
using certificate-based authentication.
Username used to authenticate the CPE when making a
connection to the ACS using the CPE WAN Management
Protocol. This username is used only for HTTP-based
authentication of the CPE.
63
ACS Password
Password used to authenticate the CPE when making a
connection to the ACS using the CPE WAN Management
Protocol. This password is used only for HTTP-based
authentication of the CPE.
Connection Request
User Name
Username used to authenticate an ACS making a Connection
Request to the CPE.
Password
Password used to authenticate an ACS making a Connection
Request to the CPE.
The Get RPC Methods button forces the CPE to establish an immediate connection
to the ACS. This may be used to discover the set of methods supported by the ACS
or CPE. This list may include both standard TR-069 methods (those defined in this
specification or a subsequent version) and vendor-specific methods. The receiver of
the response MUST ignore any unrecognized methods.
8.5 Internet Time
This option will automatically synchronize the router time with Internet timeservers.
To enable time synchronization, tick the corresponding checkbox ;, choose your
preferred time server(s), select the correct time zone offset, and click Save/Apply.
NOTE:
Internet Time must be activated to use Parental Control (page 46).
In addition, this menu item is not displayed when in Bridge mode since the
router would not be able to connect to the NTP timeserver.
8.6 Access Control
8.6.1
Services
This option controls the access services over the LAN or WAN. These services
include FTP, HTTP, ICMP, SNMP, SSH, TELNET and TFTP. Enable a service by ticking
the corresponding checkbox ; under LAN or WAN.
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NOTES - 1. The WAN column only appears if a WAN connection is configured.
2. Appendix D contains a quick introduction to one SSH client.
8.6.2
IP Addresses
This option limits access to the router by IP address. When Access Control Mode
is enabled, only the IP addresses listed here can access the router.
Before enabling Access Control Mode, configure the IP addresses by clicking the
Add button. Enter the IP address you wish to add to the access control list and
then click Save/Apply on the following screen.
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8.6.3
Passwords
This screen is used to configure the user account access passwords for the device.
Access to the CT-5072S is controlled through the following three user accounts:
•
•
•
root - this has unrestricted access to change and view the configuration.
support - used for remote maintenance and diagnostics of the router
user - this has limited access. This account can view configuration settings and
statistics, as well as, update the router firmware.
Use the fields below to change password settings. Click Save/Apply to continue.
NOTE:
Passwords must be 16 characters or less.
66
8.7 Update Software
This option allows for firmware upgrades from a locally stored file.
Step 1: Obtain an updated software image file from your ISP.
Step 2: Enter the path and filename of the firmware image file in the Software
File Name field or click the Browse button to locate the image file.
Step 3: Click the Update Software button once to upload and install the file.
NOTE:
The update process will take about 2 minutes to complete. The device
will reboot and the browser window will refresh to the default screen upon
successful installation. It is recommended that you compare the
Software Version at the top of the Device Info Summary screen with the
firmware version installed, to confirm the installation was successful.
8.8 Save and Reboot
To save the current configuration and reboot the router, click Save/Reboot.
NOTE:
You may need to close the browser window and wait for 2 minutes before
reopening it. It may also be necessary, to reset your PC IP configuration.
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Appendix A – Firewall
STATEFUL PACKET INSPECTION
Refers to an architecture, where the firewall keeps track of packets on each
connection traversing all its interfaces and makes sure they are valid. This is in
contrast to static packet filtering which only examines a packet based on the
information in the packet header.
DENIAL OF SERVICE ATTACK
Is an incident in which a user or organization is deprived of the services of a
resource they would normally expect to have. Various DoS attacks the device can
withstand are ARP Attack, Ping Attack, Ping of Death, Land, SYN Attack, Smurf
Attack, and Tear Drop.
TCP/IP/PORT/INTERFACE FILTER
These rules help in the filtering of traffic at the Network layer (i.e. Layer 3).
When a Routing interface is created, Enable Firewall must be checked.
Navigate to Advanced Setup Æ Security Æ IP Filtering.
OUTGOING IP FILTER
Helps in setting rules to DROP packets from the LAN interface. By default, if the
Firewall is Enabled, all IP traffic from the LAN is allowed. By setting up one or more
filters, specific packet types coming from the LAN can be dropped.
Filter Name: User defined Filter Name.
Protocol: TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP, or ICMP
Source IP Address/Source Subnet Mask:
Packets with the specific "Source IP Address/Source Subnet Mask" combination
will be dropped.
Source Port: This can take on either a single port number or a range of port
numbers. Packets having a source port equal to this value or falling within the
range of port numbers (portX : portY) will be dropped.
Destination IP Address/Destination Subnet Mask: Packets with the
specific "Destination IP Address/Destination Subnet Mask" combination will be
dropped.
Destination Port: This can take on either a single port number or a range
of port numbers. Packets having a destination port equal to this value or
falling within the range of port numbers (portX : portY) will be dropped.
Example 1:
Filter Name
Protocol
Source Address
Source Subnet Mask
Source Port
Dest. Address
Dest. Subnet Mask
Dest. Port
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Out_Filter1
TCP
192.168.1.45
255.255.255.0
80
NA
NA
NA
This filter will Drop all TCP packets coming from the LAN with IP
Address/Subnet Mask of 192.168.1.45/24 having a source port of 80
68
irrespective of the destination. All other packets will be Accepted.
Example 2:
Filter Name
Protocol
Source Address
Source Subnet Mask
Source Port
Dest. Address
Dest. Subnet Mask
Dest. Port
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Out_Filter2
UDP
192.168.1.45
255.255.255.0
5060:6060
172.16.13.4
255.255.255.0
6060:7070
This filter will drop all UDP packets coming from the LAN with IP Address /
Subnet Mask of 192.168.1.45/24 and a source port range of 5060 to 6060,
destined to 172.16.13.4/24 and a destination port range of 6060 to 7070.
INCOMING IP FILTER
Helps in setting rules to ACCEPT packets from the WAN interface. By default, all
incoming IP traffic from the WAN is Blocked, if the Firewall is Enabled. By setting
up one or more filters, specific packet types coming from the WAN can be Accepted.
Filter Name: User defined Filter Name.
Protocol: TCP/UDP, TCP, UDP, or ICMP
Source IP Address/Source Subnet Mask: Packets with the specific "Source
IP Address/Source Subnet Mask" combination will be accepted.
Source Port: This can take on either a single port number or a range of port
numbers. Packets having a source port equal to this value or falling within the
range of port numbers(portX : portY) will be accepted.
Destination IP Address/Destination Subnet Mask: Packets with the
specific
"Destination IP Address/Destination Subnet Mask" combination will be
accepted.
Destination Port: This can take on either a single port number or a range of
port numbers. Packets having a destination port equal to this value or falling
within the range of port numbers(portX : portY) will be accepted.
The WAN interface on which these rules apply needs to be selected by the user.
Example 1:
Filter Name
Protocol
Source Address
Source Subnet Mask
Source Port
Dest. Address
Dest. Sub. Mask
Dest. Port
Selected WAN interface
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
In_Filter1
TCP
210.168.219.45
255.255.0.0
80
NA
NA
NA
mer_0_35/nas_0_35
This filter will ACCEPT all TCP packets coming from WAN interface
mer_0_35/nas_0_35 with IP Address/Subnet Mask 210.168.219.45/16 having
a source port of 80 irrespective of the destination. All other incoming packets
69
on this interface are DROPPED.
Example 2:
Filter Name
Protocol
Source Address
Source Subnet Mask
Source Port
Dest. Address
Dest. Sub. Mask
Dest. Port
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
In_Filter2
UDP
210.168.219.45
255.255.0.0
5060:6060
192.168.1.45
255.255.255.0
6060:7070
This rule will ACCEPT all UDP packets coming from WAN interface
mer_0_35/nas_0_35 with IP Address/Subnet Mask 210.168.219.45/16 and a
source port in the range of 5060 to 6060, destined to 192.168.1.45/24 and a
destination port in the range of 6060 to 7070. All other incoming packets on
this interface are DROPPED.
MAC LAYER FILTER
These rules help in the filtering of Layer 2 traffic. MAC Filtering is only effective on
ATM PVCs configured in Bridge mode. After a Bridge mode PVC is created, navigate
to Advanced Setup Æ Security Æ MAC Filtering in the WUI.
Global Policy: When set to Forwarded the default filter behavior is to Forward
all MAC layer frames except those explicitly stated in the rules. Setting it to
Blocked changes the default filter behavior to Drop all MAC layer frames except
those explicitly stated in the rules.
Protocol Type: PPPoE, IPv4, IPv6, AppleTalk, IPX, NetBEUI, or IGMP.
Destination MAC Address: Of the form, XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX. Frames with
this particular destination address will be Forwarded/Dropped depending on
whether the Global Policy is Blocked/Forwarded.
Source MAC Address: Of the form, XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX. Frames with this
particular source address will be Forwarded/Dropped depending on whether
the Global Policy is Blocked/Forwarded.
Frame Direction: (Select an interface on which this rule is applied)
LAN <=> WAN
= All Frames coming/going to/from LAN or to/from WAN.
WAN => LAN
= All Frames coming from WAN destined to LAN.
LAN => WAN
= All Frames coming from LAN destined to WAN
Example 1:
Global Policy
:
Protocol Type
:
Dest. MAC Address
:
Source MAC Address
:
Frame Direction
:
WAN Interface Selected :
Forwarded
PPPoE
00:12:34:56:78:90
NA
LAN => WAN
br_0_34/nas_0_34
Addition of this rule drops all PPPoE frames going from LAN to WAN with a
Destination MAC Address of 00:12:34:56:78:90 irrespective of its Source MAC
Address on the br_0_34 WAN interface. All other frames on this interface are
forwarded.
70
Example 2:
Global Policy
:
Protocol Type
:
Dest. MAC Address
:
Source MAC Address
:
Frame Direction
:
WAN Interface Selected :
Blocked
PPPoE
00:12:34:56:78:90
00:34:12:78:90:56
WAN => LAN
br_0_34/nas_0_34
Addition of this rule forwards all PPPoE frames going from WAN to LAN with a
Destination MAC Address of 00:12:34:56:78 and Source MAC Address of
00:34:12:78:90:56 on the br_0_34 WAN interface. All other frames on this
interface are dropped.
DAYTIME PARENTAL CONTROL
This feature restricts access of a selected LAN device to an outside Network through
the CT-5072S, as per chosen days of the week and the chosen times.
User Name: Name of the Filter.
Browser’s MAC Address: Displays MAC address of the LAN device on which
the browser is running.
Other MAC Address: If restrictions are to be applied to a device, other than
the one on which the browser is running, the MAC address of that LAN device is
entered.
Days of the Week: Days when the restrictions are applied.
Start Blocking Time: The time when restrictions on the LAN device begin.
End Blocking Time: The time when restrictions on the LAN device end.
Example:
User Name
Browser's MAC Address
Days of the Week
Start Blocking Time
End Blocking Time
:
:
:
:
:
FilterJohn
00:25:46:78:63:21
Mon, Wed, Fri
14:00
18:00
With this rule, a LAN device with MAC Address of 00:25:46:78:63:21 will have
no access to the WAN on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, from 2pm to 6pm.
On all other days and times, this device will have access to the outside
Network.
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Appendix B – Pin Assignments
LINE PORT (RJ11)
Pin
1
2
3
Definition
ADSL_RING
Pin
4
5
6
Definition
ADSL_TIP
-
LAN Port (RJ45)
Pin
1
2
3
4
Definition
Transmit data+
Transmit dataReceive data+
NC
Pin
5
6
7
8
72
Definition
NC
Receive dataNC
NC
Appendix C – Specifications
Hardware Interface
RJ-11 X1 for ADSL2+, RJ-45 X 1 for LAN, Power Switch X 1, Power Jack X 1,
Reset Button X 1
WAN Interface
ITU-T G.994.1/G.992.5/G.992.3/G.992.2/G.992.1, ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
G.992.5 (ADSL2+) ........Downstream : 24 Mbps Upstream : 1.3 Mbps
G.992.3 (ADSL2)...........Downstream : 12 Mbps Upstream : 1.3 Mbps
Auto-negotiation rate adaptation
G.DMT / G.lite
Annex M
LAN Interface
Standard......................IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u
10/100 BaseT ...............Auto-sense
MDI/MDX support..........Yes
ATM Attributes
RFC 2684 (RFC 1483) Bridge/Route; RFC 2516 (PPPoE);
RFC 2364 (PPPoA); RFC 1577 (IPoA)
PVCs ..........................8
AAL type ......................AAL5
ATM service class ..........UBR/CBR/VBR
ATM UNI support ...........UNI3.1/4.0
OAM F4/F5 ...................Yes
Management
Compliant with TR-069/TR-098/TR-111 remote management protocols,
SNMP, Telnet, Web-based management, Configuration backup and
restoration, Software upgrade via HTTP / TFTP / FTP server
Bridge Functions
Transparent bridging and learning ............IEEE 802.1d
VLAN support ........................................Yes
Spanning Tree Algorithm .........................Yes
Routing Functions
Static route, RIP v1/v2, NAT/PAT, DHCP Server/Relay/Client, DNS Proxy, ARP,
IGMP Proxy
Security Functions
Authentication protocol : PAP, CHAP
VPN : PPTP/L2TP/IpSec pass-through
TCP/IP/Port filtering rules, SSH, Port Triggering/Forwarding,
Packet and MAC address filtering, Access Control, DoS Protection
QoS ............................................................L3 policy-based QoS, IP QoS, ToS
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Application Passthrough
PPTP, L2TP, IPSec, VoIP, Yahoo messenger, ICQ, RealPlayer, NetMeeting, MSN, X-box
Power Supply ................................................Input: 100 - 240 Vac
Output: 18 Vdc / 300 mA
Environment Condition
Operating temperature ...........................0 ~ 50 degrees Celsius
Relative humidity ...................................5 ~ 95% (non-condensing)
Dimensions .......................................92 mm (W) x 34 mm (H) x 114 mm (D)
Kit Weight
(1*CT-5072S, 1*RJ11 cable, 1*RJ45 cable, 1*power adapter, 1*CD-ROM)
= 0.65 kg
Certifications............................................................ FCC Part 15 class B, CE
NOTE:
Specifications are subject to change without notice
74
Appendix D – SSH Client
Unlike Microsoft Windows, Linux OS has a ssh client included. For Windows users,
there is a public domain one called “putty” that can be downloaded from here:
http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html
To access the ssh client you must first enable SSH access for the LAN or WAN from
the Management Æ Access Control Æ Services menu in the web user interface.
To access the router using the Linux ssh client
For LAN access, type: ssh -l root 192.168.1.1
For WAN access, type: ssh -l support WAN IP address
To access the router using the Windows “putty” ssh client
For LAN access, type: putty -ssh -l root 192.168.1.1
For WAN access, type: putty -ssh -l support WAN IP address
NOTE:
The WAN IP address can be found on the Device Info Æ WAN screen
75