Arturia MOOG MODULAR V 2.6 User's User`s manual

USER’S MANUAL
Version
ARTURIA – MOOG MODULAR V 2.6 – USER’S MANUAL
2.6
1
Programming:
Robert Bocquier
Nicolas Bronnec
Pierre-Jean Camilieri
Thomas Diligent
Sylvain Gubian
Xavier Oudin
Gilles Pommereuil
Cedric Rossi
Graphics:
Yannick Bonnefoy
Thomas & Wolfgang Merkle [Bitplant]
Manual:
Antoine Back (V2.5)
Silvère Letellier (V2.5)
Jean-Michel Blanchet
Tomoya Fukuchi
Tom Healy
Sadahiro Nakano
Xavier Oudin
Gilles Pommereuil
Cedric Rossi
Takashi Uesugi
Yuji Sano
Sound Designers:
Wally Badarou
Jean-Michel Blanchet
Celmar Engel
Michel Geiss
Christoff Harbonier
Mateo Lupo
Hideki Matsutake
Scot Solida
Katsunori Ujiie
Very special thanks to:
Robert A. Moog and Isao Tomita
Thanks to:
Michael Adams, Bruno Begani, Ned Bouhalassa, Geoff Downes, Clay Duncan, Pavle
Kovacevic, Roger Luther, Sadahiro Nakano, Fabrice Paumier, Ben Turl, Peter Willems,
and the numerous beta testers.
© ARTURIA SA – 1999-2011 – All rights reserved.
4, Chemin de Malacher
38240 Meylan
FRANCE
http://www.arturia.com
Information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the
part of Arturia. The software described in this manual is provided under the terms of a license agreement or nondisclosure agreement. The software license agreement specifies the terms and conditions for its lawful use. No part of
this manual may be produced or transmitted in any form or by any purpose other than purchaser’s personal use,
without the express written permission of ARTURIA S.A.
Other products, logos or company names quoted in this manual are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective owners.
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ARTURIA – MOOG MODULAR V 2.6 – USER’S MANUAL
Introduction to version 2.5 of the Moog Modular V manual
The first version of the Moog Modular V was commercialized in March 2003 having been
announced at the NAMM show of the same year.
It quickly became popular being the first to offer an emulation of a modular synthesizer.
The name Moog® was obviously a trigger as for many it remains synonymous with the golden
age of vintage synthesizers. But strong interest from well-known musicians such as Isao
Tomita, Klaus Schultze, Geof Downes, Stevie Wonder, Herbie Hancock and many others helped
create a real buzz around the launch of the Moog Modular V.
At Arturia, we have received many messages of congratulations as well as requests for the
evolution and modifications for upcoming versions of the synthesizer.
Version 2 of the Moog Modular V has taken many of these requests into account and brings
many unexpected developments.
Firstly, as you will see when you launch the program, is a new means of viewing the
synthesizer giving an overview of the entire instrument if your computer can support the
resolution. On screens with lower resolutions, by using the “scroll” command, it becomes
possible to access all of the modules on the same screen, a feature that will delight many
musicians.
We have also broadened the configuration possibilities for the synthesizer. Some modules can
now be interchanged, which brings the Moog Modular V closer to the original instruments that
could be configured by Moog Music upon order.
Improvements have also been made to the audio, making use of the evolution of our TAE®
technology which has seen improvements during the year. We have answered a frequent
request in relation to Audio-in so that you can now use the Moog Modular V filters or
sequencer on an external source.
Of course, we have also developed new modules, six to be precise. The 928 (Sample and Hold)
and 912 (Envelope Follower) were popular demands and can be found in this new build.
Also added are very rare modules such as the 1630 Bode Frequency Shifter – around a dozen
models produced - or completely new modules such as the Formants Filter
Last but not least is the addition of 200 new presets to this version. They make use of the new
options offered by the Moog Modular V, and will be a great starting point for those who wish to
discover this new version. Go to the last part of Chapter 7 if you wish to jump into using the
new modules offered.
Hoping that you enjoy this evolution, we wish you the greatest pleasure in your use of the
Moog Modular V 2.5
The Arturia team
ARTURIA – MOOG MODULAR V 2.6 – USER’S MANUAL
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
What's new in Moog Modular v 2.6......................................................................... 7
2
Introduction........................................................................................................ 8
2.1
The birth of modular moog systems.................................................................... 8
2.2
A modular synthesizer, why? ........................................................................... 12
2.3
A better emulation thanks to TAE® .................................................................. 12
2.3.1
Aliasing-free oscillators: .............................................................................. 13
2.3.2
Better reproduction of analog wave forms:..................................................... 13
2.3.3
Better reproduction of analog filters .............................................................. 14
2.3.4
Implementation of soft clipping .................................................................... 15
3
Installation ....................................................................................................... 17
3.1
3.2
Windows Installation (XP, VISTA, 7) ................................................................. 17
Installation Mac OS X ..................................................................................... 19
Authorization .................................................................................................... 20
4.1
4.2
Registration................................................................................................... 20
License download ........................................................................................... 22
Quick Start ....................................................................................................... 25
4
5
5.1
The 4 sections of the Moog Modular V ...............................................................
5.1.1
The synthesis section ..................................................................................
5.1.2
The other three sections ..............................................................................
5.1.3
Reduced view of the keyboard and the real time controllers .............................
5.2
Using presets.................................................................................................
5.3
Modular synthesizer .......................................................................................
5.3.1
First connections.........................................................................................
5.3.2
Description of the synthesis section modules ..................................................
5.4
The other sections..........................................................................................
5.4.1
The sequencer............................................................................................
5.4.2
The effects.................................................................................................
5.5
the virtual keyboard and its real time controllers................................................
5.5.1
The keyboard .............................................................................................
5.5.2
The keyboard controllers .............................................................................
5.5.3
The play modes ..........................................................................................
5.5.4
The sound design controllers ........................................................................
6
The interface ....................................................................................................
6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.1.3
6.1.4
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
6.3.5
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.4.5
6.4.6
4
Using the presets ...........................................................................................
Choice of bank, sub-bank, preset..................................................................
Creation of a bank, sub-bank, preset.............................................................
Saving a user preset ...................................................................................
Import / Export of a preset bank ..................................................................
Work pages ...................................................................................................
The complete view ......................................................................................
The reduced usage page ..............................................................................
Using controllers ............................................................................................
Knobs........................................................................................................
Joysticks....................................................................................................
Selectors ...................................................................................................
Keyboard ...................................................................................................
MIDI control...............................................................................................
Using cables ..................................................................................................
Audio and modulation connections ................................................................
Modifying a connection ................................................................................
Modulation level setting ...............................................................................
Cable display options ..................................................................................
Trigger connections.....................................................................................
Synchronization connections ........................................................................
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25
25
26
27
27
29
29
33
37
37
40
45
45
46
47
48
51
51
51
52
53
53
54
54
55
55
55
56
56
57
57
61
61
63
63
63
64
65
7
6.4.7
Key follow or sequencer connections ............................................................. 65
The modules ..................................................................................................... 68
7.1
Programming section ......................................................................................
7.1.1
Description ................................................................................................
7.1.2
Oscillators..................................................................................................
7.1.3
Filters........................................................................................................
7.1.4
Modulation envelopes ..................................................................................
7.1.5
Output amplifiers (VCA)...............................................................................
7.1.6
Low frequency oscillators (LFO) ....................................................................
7.1.7
Controlled amplifiers / Mixers .......................................................................
7.1.8
Trigger delay..............................................................................................
7.1.9
Noise generator ..........................................................................................
7.1.10
Sample and hold .....................................................................................
7.1.11
Envelope follower ....................................................................................
7.1.12
Ring modulator .......................................................................................
7.1.13
Formant filter..........................................................................................
7.1.14
Bode Frequency Shifter ............................................................................
7.2
Second section ..............................................................................................
7.2.1
Description ................................................................................................
7.2.2
Resonant filter bank ....................................................................................
7.2.3
Chorus ......................................................................................................
7.2.4
Phaser.......................................................................................................
7.2.5
Stereo Delay ..............................................................................................
7.2.6
Sequence generator ....................................................................................
7.3
Third Section .................................................................................................
7.4
Fourth section................................................................................................
7.4.1
Keyboard follow management ......................................................................
7.4.2
General settings .........................................................................................
8
The basics of subtractive synthesis ......................................................................
68
68
68
72
77
78
79
80
81
83
84
85
86
87
87
88
88
89
90
91
92
93
96
96
97
98
99
8.1
The three main modules ................................................................................. 99
8.1.1
The oscillator or VCO................................................................................... 99
8.1.2
The filter or VCF ........................................................................................102
8.1.3
The amplifier or VCA ..................................................................................106
8.2
Complimentary modules ................................................................................106
8.2.1
The keyboard ............................................................................................106
8.2.2
The envelope generator ..............................................................................107
8.2.3
The low frequency oscillator ........................................................................107
9
A few elements of sound design .........................................................................109
9.1
9.1.1
9.1.2
9.1.3
9.1.4
9.2
9.2.1
9.2.2
9.2.3
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.3.3
9.4
9.4.1
9.4.2
9.4.3
Modular sound synthesis ................................................................................109
Simple patch #1 ........................................................................................109
Simple patch #2 ........................................................................................110
Complex patch #1 .....................................................................................113
Complex patch #2 .....................................................................................117
The sequencer ..............................................................................................120
Sequence #1.............................................................................................120
Sequence #2.............................................................................................122
Sequence #3.............................................................................................125
Bonus features .............................................................................................126
Creative use of key follows..........................................................................126
Creative use of triggers and trigger delays ....................................................128
Stereo without the effects ...........................................................................130
using the new Moog Modular V 2.0 modules .....................................................131
The Bode Frequency Shifter ........................................................................131
The Envelope Follower ................................................................................134
The sample and hold ..................................................................................137
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10
Using the Moog Modular V in different modes.......................................................140
10.1
Stand-alone..................................................................................................140
10.1.1
Launching the application ........................................................................140
10.1.2
Configuration of an instrument: the tool bar ..............................................140
10.2
Using your plug-in in a host............................................................................141
10.2.1
MIDI connection .....................................................................................141
10.2.2
Saving preset.........................................................................................141
10.2.3
Automation............................................................................................141
10.3
VST™ ..........................................................................................................142
10.3.1
Cubase™ ...............................................................................................142
10.3.2
Ableton Live™ ........................................................................................144
10.3.3
Sonar™ .................................................................................................145
10.4
Audio unit ....................................................................................................146
10.4.1
Logic Studio™ ........................................................................................146
10.4.2
Digital Performer™ .................................................................................148
10.5
Pro Tools™ (RTAS) ........................................................................................150
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WHAT'S NEW IN MOOG MODULAR V 2.6
Moog Modular V 2.6 includes the following new features:
• Support for 64-bit VST and Audio Unit
• Improvement for MIDI assignments
o MIDI assignment configurations can be saved and restored
o Controls can be assigned to multiple parameters
o Minimum and maximum ranges for an assigned parameter can be set
• Standalone program updated
• Bug fixes
System requirements:
• MAC OSX 10.5 and 10.6 Intel
o PPC no longer supported
o MAC OSX 10.4 no longer supported
• Windows
o Seven
o Vista
o XP
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2
2.1
INTRODUCTION
THE BIRTH OF MODULAR MOOG SYSTEMS
Robert A. Moog was born in May 1934 in New York. A passionate for music (he took piano
lessons for 12 years), he was introduced to electronics by his father, an engineer in this
domain. During his adolescence, he discovered the Thereminvox plan, invented during the 30’s
by a Russian engineer, Leon Theremin (or more exactly Lev Sergeivitch Termen). Seduced by
this instrument with its never before heard sounds, he began to produce his own models and
founded his own company in 1954.
Frequenting musical professionals, and in particular electronic and concrete music, R. Moog
realized that there was a real demand for electronic instruments of a higher quality.
One of the first clients to come to Robert Moog, the professor of music Herbert A. Deutsch,
asks him to listen to a song he had composed. Moog is immediately convinced and they decide
to associate their work. Their co-operation produced the first VCO.
In 1964, the first prototype of a Moog synthesizer was produced. It was a modular system with
a voltage controlled filter (VCF), an envelope generator, a white noise generator, a trigger and
two keyboards each with a generator module (sawtooth, triangle and impulsion) as well as a
voltage controlled amplifier module (VCA).
The first modular Moog system (1964) (Courtesy of Roger Luther, MoogArchives.com)
Then other musicians helped Robert Moog in creating different modules:
Walter Carlos (who later became Wendy) helped for elaboration of a sequencer. He also
pushed Bob Moog to lend his name to his machines.
Vladimir Ussachevsky, who was one of the professors of de W. Carlos, specified the 4 parts of
the envelope generator (ADSR), allowing the accomplishment of the VCA and gave him the
idea for the envelope follower.
Gustave Ciamaga helped with the creation of the first tension controlled low-pass filter.
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A second prototype, regrouping the all of the new modules, was built during the summer of
1964 and was presented during the AES show (Audio Engineering Society), where Moog
worked from an unused stand. This new product generated a huge amount of interest, but
Moog did not yet realize the commercial punch of his machines. Two or three orders were
obtained at AES and kept Moog busy for several months. In 1965, after the success at the
show, Moog decided to release the 900 series for commercial sale.
The R.A. Moog Company at Trumansburg, NY
(Courtesy of Roger Luther, MoogArchives.com)
The first client to buy the full Moog system was choreographer Alwin Nikolais. Also among the
first users were composers Eric Siday and Chris Swansen. The first commercial uses of the
Moog synthesizers were done in advertising. They were also used for jingles and in recording
studios.
In 1967, Bob decided to release different machines each with a certain number of modules.
This marked the birth of modular systems I, II and III. This same year, Paul Beaver for the
first time used a modular Moog system on a record.
The modular system III (1967)
(Courtesy of Roger Luther, MoogArchives.com)
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In 1968, worldwide recognition came with the success of “Switched-On Bach” by W. Carlos.
This album, where classical music is played on a Moog, sold over one million copies as it was
bought both by classical music fans (it was in the American “Classical” charts for 94 weeks)
and fans of pop. It won three Grammy awards.
“Switched-On Bach” by W. Carlos
A little later, Keith Emerson, keyboard player for the groups Nice and ELP (Emerson, Lake and
Palmer), was he himself to become an ambassador for Moog synths. He was one of the first to
play a Moog modular on stage during a tour (A 3C system). Jan Hammer was also one of the
first users of Moog systems. Big groups like Tangerine Dream, the Beatles or the Rolling
Stones, would also become modular Moog owners.
The 3C modular system (1969)
(Courtesy of Roger Luther, MoogArchives.com)
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In 1969-70, the company which now has around forty employees was building up to three
modulars per week and the order book was always full. The modular had 5 years of high sales,
and sold around 200 models in the United States.
Construction and testing of a modular Moog
(Courtesy of Roger Luther, MoogArchives.com)
In 1969, Bob Moog received demands for a more compact instrument that could be
transported more easily, directed more to stage than studio. With the help of an engineer from
Berkley, Jim Scott, and the advice from numerous musicians he was about to create another
mythic synth: the Minimoog…
System 55, the last version of the Moog modular (1974)
(Courtesy of Roger Luther, MoogArchives.com)
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2.2
A MODULAR SYNTHESIZER, WHY?
Why create a modular synthesizer, that is to say comprised of independent modules that we
must connect ourselves, sometimes with difficulty, before obtaining a sound?
The answer, as you can imagine, is very simple: the modularity brings immense possibilities
for the creation of sound.
To convince you, let’s look at some basic concepts.
Sound synthesis is essentially based on the use of generators and filters. From these
components, the sound designer must create sounds that can be used by musicians. To
succeed, the different parameters that we have access to (height of note, filter cut-off
frequency, output volume, wave form…) must evolve in time. And for this, we must link
different modules between each other.
Let’s take an example: an oscillator, which has inputs to modulate each of its parameters.
Let’s connect the output of an envelope generator to the oscillator frequency modulation input,
and there we get a signal depending on the use of a keyboard. Now we’ll connect a low
frequency generator to the impulse width modulation input and here we have the waveform,
which will evolve in time.
But why not have internal cables, fixed from the start?
Here again, another example will help. Let’s take an envelope and two oscillators. The latter
possess three modulation inputs: a frequency modulation, an impulse width modulation and a
volume modulation.
Effecting every combination with fixed connections would oblige us to have six independent
buttons for the modulation of the parameters.
If we now take 9 oscillators, 6 envelopes, a modulation wheel and a velocity setting, we would
need… 216 setting buttons.
What can we therefore say for the Moog Modular V, which on top of this has three filters, a
noise generator, a sequencer and two control pads?
Connections in a modular synthesizer can sometimes seem difficult, but the often-unexpected
results are always a source of great musical inspiration.
Either way, don’t worry, the presets created by experienced musicians will allow you, if
necessary, a gentle introduction to the art of sound creation.
This new version presents new modules and a notable improvement to the sound quality and
synthesis possibilities. As was the case with the previous versions, it remains faithful to the
original Moog Modulars and offers the possibility to organize the arrangement of certain
modules. Ergonomically this version remains very close to the previous so as not to loose time
learning the different functions again.
2.3
A BETTER EMULATION THANKS TO TAE®
TAE® - standing for True Analog Emulation - is a new technology dedicated to the digital
reproduction of analog circuits.
When implemented in software code, TAE’s algorithms guaranty the respect of hardware
specifications. This is why your Moog Modular V offers an unparalleled quality of sound.
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ARTURIA – MOOG MODULAR V 2.6 – USER’S MANUAL
In detail, TAE means:
2.3.1
Aliasing-free oscillators:
Standard digital synthesizers produce aliasing in high frequencies, and when using Pulse Width
Modulation or FM.
TAE® allows the production of totally aliasing-free oscillators in all contexts (PWM, FM…), and
at no extra CPU cost.
Aliasing
Linear frequency spectrum of an existing well-known software synthesizer
Linear frequency spectrum of the Moog Modular V oscillator made with TAE®
2.3.2
Better reproduction of analog wave forms:
Original analog oscillators used condensers’ unloading to produce common wave shapes (saw
tooth, triangle, square). This means that waveforms were slightly curved. TAE® allows the
reproduction of Condenser’s Unload.
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Temporal representation of a waveform on a Modular Moog 55
Temporal representation of the waveform of an existing Moog-like software synthesizer
Temporal representation of the Moog Modular V waveform thanks to TAE
In addition, original analog oscillators were unstable. Actually, their wave shape was always
slightly different from one period to another. In addition, due to analog hardware sensitivities,
new period trigger times varied with the temperature and other environmental conditions.
TAE simulates the instability of oscillators, helping to create warmer and fatter sounds.
2.3.3
Better reproduction of analog filters
TAE allows the emulation of analog-designed filters in a much more precise way than any
existing digital filter. In particular, TAE has managed to reproduce the legendary Moog 24dB
low-pass resonant filter with great respect towards the original.
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ARTURIA – MOOG MODULAR V 2.6 – USER’S MANUAL
Standard 24 dB digital low
pass resonance filter for a
typical software
synthesizer
Very selective 24 dB
resonance filter of the
MiniMoog
TAE made Moog Modular
V resonance filter: First 24
dB resonance filter to be
that selective
Comparative response filters
2.3.4
Implementation of soft clipping
In analog synthesizers, the resonant filter uses a current limiting function, preventing the
signal from being too loud (soft clipping).
TAE reproduces this current limiting function, making the sound more natural. It also allows
filters to enter self-oscillation like original hardware synthesizers do.
Current limiting
emulation
Input
Low-pass resonant filter
ARTURIA – MOOG MODULAR V 2.6 – USER’S MANUAL
Output
15
1,5
1
0,5
1
0,
8
0,
6
0,
4
0
0,
2
-0
,2
-0
,4
-0
,6
-1
-0
,8
0
-0,5
-1
-1,5
Soft-clipping transfer function
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3
3.1
INSTALLATION
WINDOWS INSTALLATION (XP, VISTA, 7)
Insert the CD-ROM in the drive. Explore the CD-ROM content; double-click on the “Moog
Modular V 2 Setup PC.exe” icon
At the first step in the installation, choose the folder to install the Moog Modular V. It will be
installed by default in C:\Program Files\Arturia\Moog Modular V2. You can change the
destination with the Browse button.
Choice of installation folder
The Moog Modular V2.6 will be installed as a standalone application. The following step allows
you to install the Moog Modular V2.6 as a plug-in. To do this, choose the protocol(s) that you
use (VST, RTAS). For more information on these protocols, look at chapter 9.
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Choosing the protocols
For the VST and RTAS protocols, you need to choose the installation folder to allow the host
application to use the Moog Modular V2.6 as a plug-in. Selecting all is a good idea..
Installation folder choice for the VST plug-in
The installation program now has enough information to complete the installation. When the
installation process is completed, please proceed to authorization step (Chapter 3).
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3.2
INSTALLATION MAC OS X
Insert the CD-ROM into the drive. Explore the content of the CD-ROM, then double-click on the
icon named “Moog Modular V2.6 Setup”.
Follow these steps:
Read and accept the End User License Agreement,
Select a destination.
When prompted, enter the administrator name and password of your computer in the
authentication window.
Authentication window
The Moog Modular V2.6 will next be installed as a standalone application, but also as VST, AU
and RTAS plug-ins.
The installation program now has enough information to complete the installation. When the
installation process is completed, please proceed to authorization step (Chapter 3).
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4
AUTHORIZATION
Now your Moog Modular V 2.6 has been installed, you have to authorize the synthesizer.
Earlier versions used an “original CD + license number” protection scheme, however, the Moog
Modular V 2.6 uses the Soft-eLicenser full-software solution. Avoiding the use of a USB port by
default, this system allows using the synthesizer on one machine which must be connected to
the Internet during the authorization process.
To transfer your license on another computer, or simply use your synthesizer on several computers (one instance
at a time), you will need:
_ to use one USB-eLicenser hardware dongle (sold separately, also used by many other software editors);
_ in the eLicenser Control Center, to drag-and-drop your license from Soft-eLicenser to USB-eLicenser.
This transfer, requiring a valid Internet connection, can be done both ways:
_ from Soft-eLicenser to USB-eLicenser;
_ from USB-eLicenser to Soft-eLicenser.
For any further technical detail, please check our website www.arturia.com/elicenser.
4.1
REGISTRATION
The first step is to register your software in order to obtain the activation code that will enable
you to actually use the software.
You should have handy the Serial Number of Moog Modular V and the Unlock Code (these
are an integral part of the software and are printed on a small plastic card):
Connect your computer to the Internet, and go to this web page:
http://www.arturia.com/login
If you don’t have any Arturia account yet, please create one now, this will bring you to this
form:
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ARTURIA – MOOG MODULAR V 2.6 – USER’S MANUAL
Or if you already have an account, simply log in:
Once you are logged into your account, you can register your Moog Modular V and request
your activation code. Go to the “My Registered Products” section of your account and click
on the “Add” button:
In the form that appears, select “Moog Modular V” from the drop down menu, and type in
your synthesizer serial number and unlock code (as written on the registration card):
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21
Moog Modular V
You will then see the confirmation screen:
Moog Modular V
And finally there is a screen from which you can copy the eLicenser Activation Code,
which is needed for the next step. The very same information is sent to you by email as a
backup.
4.2
LICENSE DOWNLOAD
Now that you have retrieved the activation code, launch the eLicenser Control Center. This
application has been automatically installed on your computer along with the Moog Modular
V; it is accessible here:
Windows: Start > Programs > eLicenser > eLicenser Control Center
Mac OS X: Finder > Applications > eLicenser Control Center
The screenshots below have been taken on a Mac OS X operating system; however the process is strictly identical
under a Windows XP/Vista/7 environment. The same functions apply, only the graphical user interface slightly differs
and possibly also the language used. These little details should not prevent you from understanding the full process.
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In the eLicenser Control Center main window you should see a Soft-eLicenser (SeL) virtual
dongle created onto your computer.
eLicenser Control Center main window, showing an empty Soft-eLicenser.
Click on the Enter Activation Code button, and enter the code when prompted. Simply
paste in the 32-digit code you’ve just copied from your account on the ARTURIA website:
Moog Modular V2.5
Enter the activation code
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The eLicenser Control Center is now ready to download the software license that will allow
you to use Moog Modular V. Click on Start, the progress bar should anime until download
completion. A popup window will confirm completion, just click Close.
Now the main eLicenser Control Center window should show your Moog Modular V license
installed and activated.
License is installed and activated
It’s now time to launch the Moog Modular V synthesizer in standalone mode to check
everything runs just fine:
Windows:
Mac OS X:
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Start > Programs > Arturia > Moog Modular V 2 > Moog Modular V 2
Finder > Applications > Arturia Moog Modular V 2> Moog Modular V 2
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5
QUICK START
This section of the manual will allow you to learn the general principles of how the Moog
Modular V works. This will be a presentation of the different views available, the modules and
signals used while using the program for the first time. You will find a detailed and precise
description of all of the modules and controllers visible on the screen in the following chapters.
The Sound Design chapter located in the second half of this manual is also recommended for
users who have never used a modular system before, and who wish to learn the fundamentals
of this domain.
5.1
THE 4 SECTIONS OF THE MOOG MODULAR V
The Moog Modular V is made up of four distinct sections:
The first at the top holds a sequencer and a certain number of effects.
The second, underneath, is for working on the sound synthesis with the different interconnectable modules.
The third is an extension allowing us to regroup the different external input-outputs and
some internal cables.
The fourth holds the virtual keyboard, as well as a section dedicated to the key follows
and essential controllers.
It is possible to keep only the fourth section on the screen, by clicking on the Keyb icon on the
toolbar.
When the whole synthesizer is displayed, we can move it vertically by using the icons that
represent the different views or by clicking and dragging the background.
5.1.1
The synthesis section
Visible as soon as the synthesizer is opened, it is made up of two parts (cabinets). It integrates
the 33 modules necessary for the creation of sounds. The modules in the upper part can be
exchanged via the menu that appears when their name has been clicked. It is thus possible to
replace an envelope with a ring modulator, a filter with a frequency translator.
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The first section composed of 2 cabinets
5.1.2
The other three sections
The first, situated at the top of the synthesizer, contains the step sequencer and 4 effects (the
right hand effect can be either a chorus or phaser). The two others are found under the
synthesis section. One is a small extension containing the internal cables, while the other holds
the virtual keyboard and its assignable controllers.
The second section composed of a sequencer and effects
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The virtual keyboard and extensions section
5.1.3
Reduced view of the keyboard and the real time controllers
You also have the possibility to only keep the keyboard and its assignable controllers visible on
the screen. The goal is to have quick access to all of the important real time controllers and
sound presets all while having a smaller work surface.
Reduced view of the keyboard
5.2
USING PRESETS
Using presets is one of the main areas of evolution of the Moog Modular V when compared to
its predecessor, which did not save sound.
A preset contains all of the inter module connection information and the different controller
settings needed to reproduce an identical sound.
To make you familiar with the different sounds contained in the Moog Modular V, we will select
the preset Bass1.
For this, click on the button above the LCD screen indicating “C.Engel” (this screen
presents the name of the bank currently being used). By clicking, you will see a scrolling
menu appear which will indicate a list of the available banks. Choose the bank named
“JM.Blanchet”. Now click on the button above the second LCD screen presenting the word
“Leads” (this screen indicates the name of the sub-bank currently being used). Choose
“Basses”. Do the same thing on the 3rd LCD screen and select “Bass1”.
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Select the preset bass1
The presets, located on the Moog Modular V toolbar, are classed in “banks” and “sub-banks”. Each bank contains a
certain number of sub-banks, which determine in general a type of sound: sub-bank “basses”, sub-bank “sound
effects”, etc. Each sub-bank contains a certain number of presets.
The Moog Modular V is supplied with 800 additional “factory” sound banks, which allow you to get acquainted with
more sounds and sequences of the synthesizer. A bank called “User” offers a selection of presets allowing you to begin
from a base configuration to start the programming of a sound (for example the sound “1 oscillator” comes with an
oscillator pre-connected to the first filter – a low pass-, the signal then goes to VCA1).
Now let’s modify this preset To do this, we will start with a simple manipulation. Modify the
cut-off frequency of filter1, the first module on the top left of the synthesizer (a low-pass
resonant filter). Turn the “frequency” button in the direction of the hands of a watch. The
sound becomes increasingly “brilliant”. Set this knob as it pleases you.
The setting of filter1 cut-off frequency
By performing this first setting, you have already modified the preset “Bass1”. We will now
save the sound that you have created.
To save this newly created sound among the user presets, click on the Save icon in the
toolbar: the sound setting being used will be saved in the currently selected preset.
If the current preset is a “factory” preset, the factory preset will not be replaced (the “save”
icon will not be available). To choose another destination for this sound, click on the “Save as”
icon and choose the location. Select, for example, “new” in the choice of banks (“bank”). 2
new bank and sub bank (“Sub bank”) locations and a new preset are created the names
“default0”, “default0” and “default0” will appear in their respective displays (if other default
names exist, then the number is incremented). Click on each one to modify the name of the 3.
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Saving a preset
5.3
MODULAR SYNTHESIZER
The modular synthesizer cabinet contains 28 modules, which will help you to create an infinite
variety of sounds. These 28 modules can be broken down into different categories and will be
connected by cables.
5.3.1
First connections
Let’s see how to quickly create an evolving polyphonic sound:
To correctly understand the programming of the Moog Modular V, select the “Blank_ synth”
preset in the “User” / “Blank” bank. It holds no connections and thus produces no sound.
Take the “saw” output of oscillator2 and connect it to the audio input of filter1 (low-pass 24
dB). To do this click on the output jack of the waveform (a cable will appear) and drag it to
the filter1 input “in”. Once the cable has been released in the input jack, the connection
has been made.
Connection between oscillator 1 and filter 1
You can also create a connection by choosing the cable destination with a menu with a right click (or shift click) on
the output jack.
To delete a cable, click on it, it will then appear in a clearer color to show that it is selected. Press the “DEL” key on
the keyboard to remove the connection.
Now connect the audio output of this filter to the VCA1 (voltage controlled amplifier) audio
input. Once the connection has been made, you can “play the sound” on your MIDI
keyboard or the virtual keyboard offered by the Moog Modular V.
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Connection of the filter1 audio output to the VCA1 audio input
Once you have obtained a basic sound, you can add elements to enrich the sound.
Take the “saw” output of oscillator2 and connect it to the audio input of filter2.
Connection between oscillator 2 and filter 2
Next connect the audio output of this filter to the VCA2 audio input.
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Connection of the VCA2 audio input
Slightly detune the pitch of the second oscillator by turning the “frequency” button. You will
obtain a sound that is more “alive” and “thick”.
Detune the pitch of the second oscillator
Continue to complete the sound with modifications acting on the 2 filters. For this, connect
the “sin” output of LFO1 (placed next to the 3 filter modules) to one of the modulation
inputs of filter1.
The LFO1 module
Turn the jack ring (transformed to a knob after the cable connection) to change the level of
modulation. If you turn to the right, the modulation will be positive, and if you turn to the
left negative.
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Turn the jack ring
On the original Moog Modular, it was not possible to directly set the value of the modulation input signal. To do this
we needed to go through controllable VCAs or dampening modules of which there were not very many. On the virtual
synthesizer, it is possible to control the input modulation level (once the connections have been made) by turning the
ring of the connected jack – this ring will “transform” virtually into a knob.
You can repeat these operations with filter2 (you can use the audio outputs as many times
as you like, one of the miracles of computers.)
To obtain a different modulation to the one applied on filter1 (all while remaining
synchronous), turn the jack ring of filter2 in the opposite direction of what you had
previously done with filter1.
Set the attack of the output VCA envelopes to 10 o’clock so that the sound will arrive
progressively when you press keys on your MIDI keyboard.
The Attack (A) settings for the output VCS envelopes
To finish, turn the panoramic knobs on the 2 output VCAs, the first to the left and the
second to the right. You will obtain a very natural stereo without the use of external
effects.
Don’t forget to save your preset in a bank to your name and a sub-bank with the name
“Pads”. Then, enter the preset name “Stereo_Pad”.
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The final patch
5.3.2
5.3.2.1
Description of the synthesis section modules
The oscillators
They are 9 in total, regrouped in threes like the original Moog:
1 “Driver” oscillator: allow the management of the frequency and impulse width of the 3
“slave” oscillators. These 3 “slave” oscillators can be tuned and modulated separately. They
deliver 4 waveforms that can be simultaneously used.
An oscillator bank: 1 “driver” and 3 “slave oscillators”
5.3.2.2
The white and pink noise generator
To the oscillators previously described we add a white or pink noise generator. It is accessible
in the form of 4 outputs. This mode also has two 6 dB/oct. filters: a low-pass (LPF) and a highpass (HPF). With these, you can, for example, change the nature of the noise to make it more
or less brilliant
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White and pink noise generator
5.3.2.3
The filters
The Moog Modular V possesses 3 filters. Each of these filters can be chosen between 4 types:
Low pass 24 dB/octave (type 904A)
High pass 24 dB/octave (type 904B)
Band pass and band reject 24 dB/octave (type 904C)
Multi-modes 12 dB/octave (low-pass, high-pass, band pass, band reject, bell, shelf).
The type change is done by clicking on the title of the filter type and by selecting the desired
filter in the proposed menu.
The 4 filter types
5.3.2.4
The auxiliary ADSR modulation envelopes
They are 6 in total, allowing the evolution of the sound in time.
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The auxiliary envelope
5.3.2.5
The dual trigger delay
A module with two trigger delays allows the management of the signals used to trigger
envelopes and sequencer.
The trigger delays
5.3.2.6
The LFOs
Two low frequency oscillator modules (“Low Frequency Oscillator”) are used to create a cyclic
modulation on one (or several) sound setting.
The “slave” oscillators can also be used as LFOs when they are brought to low frequency positions when they are
switched in low frequencies (“low freq”). This gives a total availability of 11 LFO modules.
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The LFO module
5.3.2.7
The VCAs
There are two output amplifiers (VCA), each with an individual envelope. We can imagine
placing a VCA on the right and one on the left to create a stereo effect.
An output VCA
5.3.2.8
Mixers and amplifiers
16 independent amplifiers are at your disposal. Each has its own volume setting with the
rotating “level” button and amplitude modulation input.
These amplifiers can be regrouped to create mixers. To regroup two amplifiers simply click on
the “link” button that separates them.
When two amplifiers are regrouped, the output signal of the first corresponds to the sum of the
output signals of the two amplifiers, while the second remains as it was before the regrouping.
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The mixer VCAs
5.4
5.4.1
THE OTHER SECTIONS
The sequencer
This module conforms to the original Moog while simplifying the programming with internal
connections.
It is with this module that you can create melodic sequences or sequences applied to a
parameter (a sequence line applied to the opening of the frequency can, for example, be very
efficient).
The sequencer has 3 sections:
Low frequency oscillator controls the timing of passage from one sequence to another. Its speed can be set
statically with the “frequency” button and dynamically with the modulation input on the first page. Two buttons, “on”
and “off” respectively start and stop this generator.
Eight-step sequence manager. Each step defines 3 levels of output modulations, using 3 knobs. The manager
moves from one step to another on each pulse from the low frequency generator. The 3 rows of sequence can also be
chained to create a longer sequence (up to 24 steps)
The output controller allows the management of the 4 modulation outputs for the current step. The first 3 outputs
take their values from the rotating buttons of the current step (on the corresponding line), eventually with a
configurable smoothing through the “smooth” buttons. The fourth output, for which the smoothing can also be set
through the “smooth” button, is managed in the following manner. It takes the value from one of the 3 outputs in
function with the current step and the type of progression specified with the “Chain” selector: This allows the linking
sequences to create variations. For example to link lines 1, 2 and 3 to obtain a 24 step on the same controller.
The sequencer sections
To create an 8-step note sequence from the sound you have previously edited (“bass1”):
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Assign “Driver” oscillators to one of the 4 sequence lines. For this, on the sequencer screen
click a few times on the corresponding LCD display on the bottom of the “Driver”, (on the
right) to select the sequence line :L1, 2, 3 or 4.
Validation of a sequence line on the “Driver” oscillator
On the 2 VCAs, click on the “trigg out” plug to apply a “trigg”, corresponding to the
sequencer output (“Sequencer trigger”), so that it can be taken into account and freely
react, without the help of a keyboard trigger. The sequencer will work on its own when you
start it.
Apply a sequencer output to the VCA (here VCA2)
Now go to the second screen and click on the “On” button situated in the “Oscillator” of the
sequencer. This will play the sequence in a loop.
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Click on “on” to start the sequencer
Set the pitch of each note in turning the knobs of the sequence row applied to the Driver
oscillator.
Setting of the values corresponding to the pitch of the oscillators
Also set the length of the notes with the “length” knob
Set the length of each note
You can add a little portamento by turning the “smooth” knob on the right of the line
corresponding to your sequence.
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Turning the “smooth” knob
It is also very easy to rhythmically enrich the sequence by linking (“link” button) or
repeating certain notes (select the number of repetitions by clicking several times in the
LCD display beside the “repeat” button and click on the latter to confirm the repetition of
the notes)
Click on the “repeat” button
If you wish to add more steps to your sequence, 16 for example, select “L4” in the LCD
display below the oscillator “Driver” of the sequencer. Now select “L12” in the LCD display
on the right of the sequencer (“chain”). To have 24 steps, select “L123”.
To have 24 steps, select “L123”
5.4.2
The effects
The second section also has three effects, which will allow you to bring more color and space
to your sound or sequence.
These are on the right of the sequencer; the chorus can be replaced by a phaser.
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The 3 effect modules
Resonant filter bank (Fixed Filter bank): affects equalization to the outgoing signal
coming from the 2 output amplifiers in function with the state of the interrupters
“VCA1” and “VCA2”. This equalization is done with the help of resonant filters with 12
band-pass filters; each of the bands has a level (positive or negative) and bandwidth
setting. This module also possesses a low-pass filter (80 Hz) and a fixed high-pass (12
kHz).
Chorus: the chorus module allows a frequency modulation where the rapidity can be
set with the rotating “rate” button, the amplitude with the rotating “amount” button,
and the width by the rotating “delay” button.
Stereo delay (Dual Delay): allows the repetition of the incoming signal independently
for the left and right, which explains the presence of 2 control columns, one for each
side.
5.4.2.1
The fixed filter bank
The fixed filter bank
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To add a complex filtering with the fixed filter bank, start by activating the 2 switches
“VCA1” and “VCA2”. This will connect the effect to the two VCA outputs.
Modify the filter frequency bands by turning the gain knobs. This will increase (to the right)
or reduce (to the left) the gain corresponding to these frequencies.
Increase the gain of the chosen frequency
You can refine the equalization with the bandwidth knob corresponding to the frequency
you have chosen. If you turn the knob (underneath the frequency gain setting) to the right,
you will reduce the bandwidth around the central frequency to make the equalization
setting increasingly precise. On the other hand, by turning it to the left, you will increase
the bandwidth, making the equalization less precise.
Set the frequency band width
If you have applied several strong equalizations, (with very pronounced band reductions for
example) you run the risk of having a consequential decrease in volume. To regain a
normal volume level, turn the “gain” knob (on the bottom right of the filter bank) towards
the right. Watch out for saturation.
Filter bank output gain
Thanks to MIDI, it is possible to record frequency gain and band width knob movement (with the MIDI sequencer).
This will make the sound “speak” or evolve in a manner that synthesizer filters cannot. Try it for yourself.
5.4.2.2
The “Dual delay”
You can also enrich your sound and give it more stereo space; for this, add stereo delay.
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The delay effect
As is the case for all of the Moog Modular V effects, the Dual Delay works in “real” stereo in the
sense that it possesses an independent input and output for both sides.
To activate the delay effect, begin by triggering the 2 “VCA1” and “VCA2” switches. This
will commute the action of the effect to the 2 audio outputs of the sequencer.
It is also possible to keep a part of the sound effect free by deactivating one of the two VCA switches. This can be
very interesting when using the synthesizer for multiple tones (for example, a bass sound played on the keyboard
coming out to the VCA1 which is set without effect and an arpeggio sound played by the sequencer which will be
directed to the VCA2 where the effects will be activated)
On the delay, set the time between repetitions (“time” buttons) for each side of the stereo
(“L” left and “R” Right)
If you wish to get a stereo echo, apply a different setting for the repetition of the left and
right. So that the delay is synchronous, activate the “Sync” switch at the top of the module.
Set the time between repetitions
To control the repetitions reinsertion intensity, increase or decrease the value on the 2
“feedbacks”. Do the same thing for the “crossed” repetitions (one on the left and one on
the right “Cross feedback” buttons).
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The “feedback” settings
Now, set the balance between the sound without effect (“dry” knob) and the delay return
(“wet” knob).
The “dry” and “wet” settings
5.4.2.3
The chorus
Chorus is used to create a doubling effect on a sound; this will give it more width and
“thickness”. If you accentuate the effect intensity, you will obtain a very discordant sound.
The chorus effect
Like the other effects, activate the VCA1 and VCA2 switches to commute the action of the
effect to the 2 audio outputs of the synthesizer.
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To correctly hear the different modulation depths, simply increase the value of the
“amount” knob. The higher the value, the more discordant the sound.
The “amount” parameter
Set the modulation rate by turning the “rate” knob. The faster the speed, the quicker the
detuning.
You can also widen the stereo action field by increasing the value of the “stereo width”
knob.
The stereo settings
With chorus, it is also possible to obtain the stereo sweeping of the sound by decreasing the “amount” knob and
working only on the value of the “stereo width” (depth) and “stereo rate” (oscillation speed) knobs. This will create an
“auto pan” effect. The effect will be even more present if you lower the level of the signal without effect (“Dry”),
leaving only the effect return (“wet”).
5.5
THE VIRTUAL KEYBOARD AND ITS REAL TIME CONTROLLERS
A virtual keyboard is used to control the synthesizer notes and add supplementary real time
modulation settings. It can either be coupled with the sequencer section and the effects or
used alone to save space.
The keyboard and its controllers
5.5.1
The keyboard
The virtual keyboard situated on the bottom of the second screen, allows the quick testing of
the sounds of the presets, or the sound that you are editing, and this without the need for an
external MIDI keyboard.
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The pitch bend and modulation dials are also available for height (affected to the oscillator or
filters) and modulation settings (affected to any of the synthesizers modulation sources). The
connections are made by cables on the first screen.
5.5.2
The keyboard controllers
The different settings concerning the real time controllers affected to the keyboard can be
found on the left, above the virtual keyboard.
Here you will find all of the settings applied to the 4 key followers, the pitch bend and
modulation wheels, as well as velocity and aftertouch.
Before using them, go back to the module section to define the parameters, which will be
modulated by these controllers. The connection jacks are found underneath the modular
synthesizer section.
The controller connection jacks
For this example, let’s take the “stereo_pad” sound created earlier. Connect the output of
the modulation dial “mod” (at the bottom of this section) to the filter1 cut-off frequency
modulation input. Set the amount parameter of this modulation to your liking so that it can
be taken into account by the wheel. Now test by turning the dial on your MIDI keyboard or
the virtual keyboard.
Connections for modulation and velocity outputs on the frequency modulation of filters 1 and 2
Now do the same thing, connecting the velocity output (“vel”) to the filter2 cut-off
frequency modulation input. To test velocity settings, use your MIDI keyboard, the virtual
keyboard naturally is not sensitive to velocity.
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4 independent key follows: apply a continuous change of a modulation parameter in relation to the scale of the
keyboard (tune the oscillators for example).
The pitch bend and modulation dials: add a modulation to the parameter(s) connected to its source.
The portamento (“Glide”): adds a frequency smoothing (portamento) between 2 notes.
The velocity: adds a modulation to the parameters, which are affected by the force with which the key is played on
the MIDI keyboard.
Aftertouch: adds a modulation to the parameters connected to its source by a variation in the force used on the keys
of the MIDI keyboard.
You can continue the experience with one of the four key follow outputs. There are two means
of connecting a key follow modulation:
The simplest and fastest is the automatic connection through the LCD displays situated
on the “drivers” oscillators and on the 3 filters. This method produces a perfect pitch for
all the scale of the keyboard.
A cable connection gives you the possibility to have finer but more complex settings.
We recommend this type of modulation for non “tuned” parameters, like an impulse
width modulation (“PWM”) on the “driver” oscillators, or simply the volume of a VCA.
The key follow settings
5.5.3
The play modes
The play modes provide a choice between the different manners of playing the MIDI keyboard.
These different settings are situated underneath the pitch bend settings.
The play mode parameters
The “mono/unison/poly” switch lets you choose: a monophonic playing mode (a single note
played at a time, chords cannot be produced in this mode. This mode corresponds to the
mode used in the original Moog Modular), a polyphonic mode (several notes can be played
at the same time to form a chord). The maximum number of voices is displayed in the
corresponding window. The unison mode is identical to the monophonic, but there are as
many voices played at the same time as the polyphonic voices.
The “legato” button, active when the synthesizer is in monophonic mode, allows the
activation of the portamento – or “glide” in English – freely on all of the notes when it is
active. If you wish to only use portamento on notes that are linked, deactivate the legato
mode.
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The “retrig” button, also active when the synthesizer is in monophonic mode, allows the
systematic re-triggering of the envelopes, even if you link the notes in your playing
sequence. If, on the other hand, you don’t wish to re-trigger the envelopes when 2 notes
are linked, leave the button raised.
When the synthesizer is in polyphonic mode, 1 LCD display on the right of the switch allows
the setting of the maximum number of notes that can be played simultaneously (“poly”
screen. This setting can limit the CPU load provoked by each simultaneous note played on
your MIDI keyboard or sequencer.
To activate the portamento mode, click on the “ON” button under the portamento intensity
knob (“glide”), situated next to the 2 dials, on the right of the virtual keyboard.
The portamento settings
5.5.4
The sound design controllers
Three control surfaces allow the modulation of the sound parameters in a fast and intuitive
manner:
Eight sliders that allow control of the envelopes of the output VCA 1 and 2
Two 2D controllers that can be assigned to the parameters of your choice
Three knobs for the setting of cut-off frequency off the 3 filters.
5.5.4.1
The envelope control sliders
The two envelopes are directly linked to those of the VCAs: if you modify one of the
parameters (Attack, Decay, Sustain or Release – the 2 slope parameters are not represented
here for simplicity), the modification will automatically and identically be taken to the
synthesizer. The opposite is also true.
5.5.4.2
The 2D Pads
Now try to use one of the 2D controllers to modulate the cut-off frequency (to X) and the
resonance of filter1 (to Y).
For this, go back to the first screen to assign the 2 parameters to the 2D controller #1
outputs. The output connections can be found at the bottom of the synthesizer section (2D
pad X /Y).
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The connection of modulation inputs of filter1 to the 2D controller
Return to the second screen and manipulate the 2D controller handle vertically (X) or
horizontally (Y) to hear the result of the modulation.
Using the 2D controller
To have access to these 2 modulation inputs on a low-pass resonant, it is essential to change the filter type (the
low-pass 24dB Moog does not possess a modulation input in the resonance.) Take the multimode filter and set it to
low-pass mode, if it isn’t already the case.
5.5.4.3
The filter cutoff frequency controller
On the right of the 2D Pads you will find controls for the cutoff of the 3 filters modules
These will only be active if the filters are used in the current sound (a diode above each knob
indicates if it is active)
In our (“Stereo pad”) example the first two filters are used, you will notice that the first 2
knobs are active.
Simply try to change the settings and you will immediately hear the result on your sound.
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The three filter cutoff frequency controllers
This chapter has given you a look at some of the many aspects of the Moog Modular V. Now
try to go a little deeper using the rest of the documentation. You will find all of the details
concerning the modules, the sequencer and the many different modes of use of the Moog
Modular V.
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6
6.1
THE INTERFACE
USING THE PRESETS
The presets memorize the Moog Modular V sounds. A preset contains all of the inter module
connections and the different controller information necessary for the recreation of an identical
sound. In the Moog Modular V, presets are classed in “banks” and “sub-banks”. Each bank
contains a certain number of sub-banks, which determine a type of sound: sub-bank “basses”,
sub-bank “sound effects”, etc. Each sub-bank contains a certain number of presets.
The Moog Modular V comes with several “factory” sound banks. It is possible to create new
“user” sound banks, each containing an unfixed number of sub-banks and presets. For
security, the “factory” settings are not directly modifiable. It is, however, possible to modify a
sound on the base of a factory preset and to record it to a “user” bank.
6.1.1
Choice of bank, sub-bank, preset
The banks, sub-banks and presets being currently used are always displayed in the synthesizer
toolbar.
Display of bank, sub-bank, and preset being used
To choose a preset in the current sub-bank, click on the button on the left of the current
preset, a drop-down menu appears with a list of presets from the same sub-bank. You can
choose another preset in the menu by selecting the corresponding line. Once the preset has
been chosen, you can play the new sound from your MIDI keyboard or sequencer.
Choice of preset in the same sub-bank
To choose a preset in the same main bank, but in a different sub-bank, click on the button on
the left of the current sub-bank, a drop-down menu will appear with the list of sub-banks
contained in the same main bank. Each sub-bank in the menu allows you to open a sub-menu
containing its presets. A click on a preset lets you directly choose a preset in the new subbank.
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Choice of preset in another sub-bank
To choose a preset in another main bank, click on the button on the left of the name of the
current bank. A drop-down menu appears with the choice of the main banks that are available,
and the sub-lists corresponding to the sub-banks defined in each main bank and the presets
contained in each sub-bank. You can now freely choose a preset by clicking on its name.
Choice of a preset in another main bank
Once a preset has been changed (modification of a controller or connection), an asterisk
appears next to its name in the tool bar.
6.1.2
Creation of a bank, sub-bank, preset
To create a new bank of sounds, click on the button on the left of the current bank. In the
drop-down menu, select “New bank...” to create a new bank of sounds. You can then change
the name of this bank by clicking on its name in the toolbar and typing the new name.
To create a new sub-bank, again just click on the button on the left of the current sub-bank,
and select “New sub bank...”. You can also change the name of the new sub-bank.
Finally, to create a new preset, click on the button on the left of the name of the current preset
and select “New preset...”. The new preset is created using the current Moog Modular V
settings (controllers and connections). You can then work on the settings of the sound, and
save it by clicking on the save button (see the next paragraph). You can also change the new
preset name by clicking on its name.
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6.1.3
Saving a user preset
To save your current settings under the current preset, click on the “Save” button on the Moog
Modular V toolbar.
“Save” button on the toolbar
If you want to save your preset under a different preset name, click on the “Save As” button in
the toolbar. A drop-down menu will appear allowing the choice of either an existing preset (in
this case, the preset contents will be replaced by the current setting), or to save your preset
as a new preset (in this case, click on “New Preset…” in the sub-bank of your choice).
“Save As” menu on the toolbar
When you are working on a factory preset, which cannot be erased, clicking on the “Save”
button will not replace the current factory setting, but will automatically open the “Save As”
function to save the current setting as a user preset.
6.1.4
Import / Export of a preset bank
It is possible to import new preset banks created for the Moog Modular V. To import a new
bank of presets, click on the preset bank import button in the toolbar:
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Preset bank import button on the toolbar
When you click on this button, a dialog appears allowing the choice of Moog Modular V preset
bank files (*.amb). Choose the file that you want to import, and click on “Open”. The new
preset bank will automatically appear in the available banks.
The Moog Modular V also offers the option to export your own sound banks to save them, use
them on another machine, or share them with other users. It is possible to export a preset, a
sub-bank, or a complete bank. To export a bank, sub-bank, or current preset, click on the
export preset bank button on the toolbar:
Current preset bank export button in the toolbar
Select the type of export that you wish to perform (bank, sub-bank or preset) from the list and
a window will appear prompting you to choose a destination folder and a name for the file you
are about to export.
6.2
WORK PAGES
The Moog Modular V offers 2 work pages. The first contains the 4 Moog Modular V sections,
and the second holds the keyboard and shortcuts to the main controls.
6.2.1
The complete view
Complete view
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The complete view contains all of the Moog Modular V sections. The full interface being too big
to be displayed on a single screen, a scroll function allows you to move to the desired section.
Simply click on the background of the synthesizer and drag the mouse up and down to move
it.
Work page selection buttons
The ‘+’ and ‘-’ buttons in the toolbar let you make the plug-in window bigger or smaller so as
to adapt to your screen and resolution. The size will automatically be saved as a plug-in
preference, and will be reused upon next launch.
6.2.2
The reduced usage page
The last shortcut button on the toolbar will take you to the reduced view.
The reduced usage page contains the keyboard and the main controls. In this mode, the Moog
Modular V is ready for immediate use of the presets of recorded sounds, with quick access to
all of the major real-time controllers. The Moog Modular V window is smaller, but the
sequencer and effects cannot be directly accessed.
Reduced usage page of the Moog Modular V
6.3
6.3.1
USING CONTROLLERS
Knobs
The knobs are the most numerous controllers of your Moog Modular V. They can be controlled
in different manners, which are explained in detail underneath:
6.3.1.1
Mouse control (linear)
Certain sequencers allow the knob mode of functioning to be changed with the mouse by
moving to linear mode. In linear mode, the knob can be set only by moving the mouse
vertically, without going around it. The linear mode can sometimes be simpler to use than the
rotation mode. It can, at the same time, be less precise (the precision is limited by the number
of vertical pixels contained in the screen on which the mouse movements are being
evaluated). The linear mode can be accessed in the sequencer options. In Cubase™, for
example, the choice can be accessed through the “Edit/Preferences” menu, and can be found
in the “General” tab in the dialog window.
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6.3.1.2
Mouse control (higher linear precision)
The Moog Modular V allows access to a higher level of precision when adjusting the knobs with
the mouse, with the use of the right click (or [Shift]+click). In this mode, the precision of
movement is multiplied by 4 in relation to the normal linear mode. This mode can be accessed
no matter which mode has been chosen on the sequencer (circular or linear).
6.3.1.3
Mouse control (circular)
Click on the knob and turn in a circle around it to change the value of the controller. The
rotation mode gives a higher level of precision in the manipulation of controls: the farther the
mouse goes from the knob, the higher the precision of the setting.
6.3.2
Joysticks
The usage page of the Moog Modular V offers two 2 dimensional control joysticks. The outputs
can be used as a source of modulation for all of the synthesizer’s modules. The utility of these
joysticks is that they simultaneously give control of two parameters to the mouse, with great
ease. The 2 joystick outputs are visible in the conception page:
The control joystick outputs are available in the conception page
When the joysticks are connected, the names of the concerned modulation inputs appear in
the digital displays above the joysticks.
The names of the connected modulation inputs appear above the joysticks
6.3.3
Selectors
The Moog Modular V presents selectors of several types:
•
The “switch” type selectors: simply click on these selectors to change their state.
“Switch” type selectors
•
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Rotating selectors: used like knobs (by click and drag with the mouse)
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Rotating selectors
•
The digital displays: They are notably used in the sequencer. We can manipulate by
click and drag (like the knobs), or by a simple click: a left click increments the value,
while a right click ([Shift]+click for Mac) decrements the value.
Digital displays
6.3.4
Keyboard
The keyboard lets us listen to the synthesizer sounds without having to use an external master
MIDI keyboard, and without programming a melody in the sequencer. Simply click on a key to
hear the corresponding sound. The keyboard also has a modulation wheel and a pitch-bend
wheel, which can be moved with the mouse.
6.3.5
MIDI control
Most of the knobs, sliders and switches on the Moog Modular V can be manipulated with
external MIDI controllers. Before anything else, make sure that the MIDI device that you wish
to use is correctly connected to the computer, and that the sequencer or the Moog Modular V
application is correctly configured to receive MIDI events coming from the device.
6.3.5.1
Learn menu
A new button and menu have been introduced in Moog Modular V 2.6.1. The button and menu
provides access to MIDI assign functionalities.
The left part of the button activates the MIDI learn mode, while the right part (small down
arrow) opens the control management menu.
“Learn” Menu
“Learn Mode” Button
The “Learn” Menu is composed of 2 sections:
First section provides
• “New Config” creates a new control set
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•
“Save Config As” saves current configuration to a new one
• “Delete Current Config” removes current configuration from list
The second section contains the list of existing configurations
• The checked one is the currently selected MIDI map
• Click on a configuration to load it
6.3.5.2
Assigning MIDI controls
In order to start assigning MIDI controls, click the “Midi Learn” button (left part). The button
remains highlighted to indicate that the “learn mode” is ON.
Click on a controller of the GUI to open the MIDI assignment popup.
Plug-in parameter
name
Assigned
or not
Control
number
MIDI assignation popup
Learn assignment
The fastest and easiest way to assign a control is to move the fader, knob or button for it to be
recognized by Moog Modular V.
Manual assignment
It is also possible to change the assigned MIDI control number by clicking on Control#xx and
select another value.
Support for NRPN
In addition to MIDI Control Change messages, NRPNs are supported: either send NRPN MIDI
control messages to Moog Modular V, or check NRPN, then select LSB# and MSB# numbers:
MIDI assignation popup, NRPN activated
Remove assignment
Assignments can be removed by clicking the “Clear” button. The message “Unassigned” will
then be displayed.
Continue selecting the parameters you want to map to create a complete configuration.
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6.3.5.3
Manage configurations
New in Moog Modular V 2.6: the possibility to maintain multiple configurations.
Default configuration
By default, Moog Modular V loads the configuration for Arturia Analog Experience keyboards.
Select one configuration
A configuration is loaded by clicking the corresponding entry in bottom part of “Learn menu”.
Create a new configuration
A new configuration can be created by clicking on the “Learn menu”, “New Config” entry. This
will open a popup: enter the name you want to call your configuration and click on the “SAVE”
button. A new entry for your configuration now exists in the list of available configurations.
You may now fill in this initially empty configuration by performing the assignment operations
described in the previous section.
Copy a configuration
It is possible to copy a configuration by loading it and then clicking on “Save Config As”.
A popup opens: enter the name of your configuration. A new entry for your configuration now
exists in the list of available configurations.
Remove a configuration
It is possible to remove a configuration by first loading it and then clicking on “Delete Current
Config”.
6.3.5.4
Minimum and maximum ranges
For each assignment, a minimum range value and a maximum range value can be set. This
allows you to limit how much the controller will affect the parameter on Moog Modular V.
The assigned parameter will have the configured minimum value when the controller
will be at its lowest position
The assigned parameter will only reach the configured maximum value when the
controller will be at its highest position
You can invert (Negative Slope) the Min and Max so that parameter will have minimum
value when control has the highest value, and parameter will have maximum value
when control has the lowest value
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Output
parameter
values
MAX
Input
control
values
MIN
DEFAULT
Output
parameter
values
Output
parameter
values
MAX
Input
control
values
MIN
POSITIVE SLOPE
MIN
MAX
Input
control
values
NEGATIVE SLOPE
parameter_value = MIN + (MAX – MIN) * control_value
6.3.5.5
Multiple assigned parameters
It is possible to assign multiple parameters to a single control. This allows you to change many
parameters with one fader or knob.
Activate “Learn” mode, select a parameter (GUI control)
Tweak control to assign it (optionally setup minimum and maximum)
Select a second parameter
And tweak the same control
Deactivate “Learn” mode
Tweaking assigned control should modify both parameters with regards to assignation setup
(Min, Max).
6.3.5.6
Tricks
The Oscillator 1 to 9 tune controls have two parameters: FINE and COARSE tune. If
“Learn” mode is ON, clicking on control provides access to the assignation of the FINE
parameter, shift+clicking on control provides access to assignation of the COARSE
parameter.
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6.4
USING CABLES
The connection of different modules is the base work of creating a new patch. The Moog
Modular V owes its creative possibilities in no small part to the innumerable connections
possible between modules. On the original system, all of the connections were made with
cables of two types:
Audio and modulation cables (which allow for example the connection of an oscillator
sawtooth signal to a filter input).
The trigger cables (which allow for example the connection of the keyboard to auxiliary
envelopes). The trigger cables transport trigger information for envelopes or the sequencer
for example.
In the Moog Modular V, for ergonomics and graphical readability, only part of the connections
is displayed on the screen in cable form. The other connections are made either by menus, or
with digital displays on which we can click.
The different types of connections we can use on the Moog Modular V are as follows:
Audio connections / modulation connections: these connections are made with cables that are
visible on the screen.
Trigger connections: these connections are only done through menus.
Synchronization connections: these connections are only done through menus.
Key follow or sequencer connections: these connections are available and can be modified
through visible digital displays on the filters and drivers modules.
6.4.1
Audio and modulation connections
The audio connections allow, for example, the routing of a sound to the VCA/mixers or to the
inputs of different filters. The modulation connections allow, for example, routing of an LFO
output or an envelope generator to an oscillator PWM or VCA modulation input. These audio
and modulation signals are totally compatible, the only difference being that the audio signals
are “audible” if you connect them directly to an output VCA, while the modulation signals are
generally not audible (as the frequency is too low for the human ear). Modulation signals are
thus generally used to program “slow” variations on certain synthesis parameters, like the cutoff frequency of a filter for example.
The audio output and input connectors, and the modulation output connectors are identical in
the graphical interface:
Audio input or output connectors, or modulation output connectors
The modulation input connectors are graphically distinguished from the other connectors as
they include an extra function: a modulation level setting, described later in this paragraph.
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Modulation input connectors
To connect a modules output to the input of another module, click on the output and drag it to
the target input while holding down the mouse button. When you are above the input, the
connector lights up. In this case, you just need to release the mouse button to link a cable
between the selected output and input.
Creating a new cable and finding an appropriate input, by click and drag
Another means is to right click (or [Shift]+click for Mac) on the input or output of a module. In
this case, a menu appears with a list of possible connection points for this output/input. It can
happen that the input/output is already connected to certain modules, and in this case, the
already selected connection points appear in the menu. Simply select one of the connection
points in the “Connect to” menu to create a connection. It is also possible to delete all of the
connections by choosing the “Remove connections” option or delete one of the connections by
clicking on it in the menu.
Input/output connection menu appears after a right click (or [Shift]+click)
The module inputs can only be connected to one output connector. On the other hand, each output connector can
be connected to any number of input connectors, which allows, for example, the use of the same modulation signal to
modify several synthesis settings.
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6.4.2
Modifying a connection
To disconnect the end of a cable at input connector level, and reconnect it to another input,
click on the end of the cable concerned and hold down the mouse button. You can now drag
the end of the cable to another input with the mouse and release the button.
To delete a connection, you can use the menu available with a right click (or [Shift]+click).
Another method is to click on the cable to select it, upon which the cable will appear in a
lighter color to show that it is selected, and press the “DEL” button on the keyboard to delete
the connection.
You will have a lot of trouble clicking on a cable if the “Move away cables” option is active. In this mode, the cables
will automatically flee the mouse pointer. To avoid this, deactivate this option before trying to select a cable (see
1.4.4.3)
6.4.3
Modulation level setting
As explained above, the modulation input connectors have an interesting feature: they allow
the setting of a modulation level (from –100% to +100%) directly at connector level, and so
without passing by a VCA which is normally needed to set the amplitude of the modulation
signal. When the modulation input connector is connected, click on one of the edges of the nut
and drag the mouse up or down to change the quantity of modulation.
Setting the modulation quantity
By using a right click (or [Shift]+click) instead of the left click, you will obtain a higher
precision.
If you click on the center of a connector, you will select the cable end to change the connection. To access the
modulation setting, make sure you click on the connector device (the nut). In the same manner, if you right click (or
[Shift]+click) on the center of the connector, you will open the connection menu instead of accessing the modulation
quantity setting.
6.4.4
Cable display options
6.4.4.1
Cable display filter
The Moog Modular V displays the cables in several colors depending on their type. The cable
type is determined in relation to the input to which it is connected. Here is the list or colors
and the corresponding cable type:
•
•
•
•
•
Red cable
:
Yellow cable :
Green cable :
Blue cable :
White cable :
audio cable coming from an oscillator.
audio cable coming from a filter.
modulation cable coming from an LFO or auxiliary envelope.
cable coming from a VCA / Mixer.
other cables.
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The cable display filter allows the display of a section of existing cables in a given patch,
depending on their type. The cable display filter is controlled by the buttons on the Moog
Modular V toolbar:
The cable display filter menu
When a button is selected (pressed), the cables of the corresponding color are displayed. If the
“ALL” option is selected, all of the cables are visible despite the state of the color filters.
6.4.4.2
Cable tension
It is possible to set the Moog Modular V cable “tension” by using the knob in the toolbar of the
synthesizer. Modifying the cable tension can help you to discover a region on the synthesizer
that had previously been hidden by cables, without using the cable display filter.
Setting cable tension
6.4.4.3
Spreading the cables
Visualizing the different cables existing between modules is very useful for the creation of a
patch on the Moog Modular V. At the same time, cables can sometimes hide access to useful
settings on different modules. So that you are not bothered by this, it can be useful to activate
the “Move away cables” mode. In this mode, the cables will automatically move when the
mouse comes across them, leaving a clear path for the modification or visualization of a knob.
Don’t forget to deactivate this mode when you want to select a cable with the mouse to delete
it.
6.4.5
Trigger connections
The trigger signals transport trigger information to the envelopes of the sequencer etc.
Connecting the keyboard trigger output to an envelope, for example, allows the triggering of
the envelope signal each time a key is pressed on the keyboard.
The only trigger connections visible on the screen are trigger inputs. The output connectors are
not displayed, their presence is implicit. When we click on a trigger input, the following menu
appears:
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Trigger type input connection menu
This menu tells us to which module a trigger input is connected, and allows us to create a new
connection or delete an existing one. When a trigger input is connected, its graphical aspect
changes, and this tells us if a module is connected without checking the menu:
Trigger input disconnected – Trigger input connected
6.4.6
Synchronization connections
Synchronization connections are used to activate the synchronization of one of the nine
oscillators available to another oscillator.
Synchronization input
The same as for the trigger connectors, here, only the input connectors are visible, the
existence of outputs is implicit, and the connections can only be made through the menus:
Synchronization input connection
6.4.7
Key follow or sequencer connections
The Moog Modular V oscillators generate periodic signals in which the frequency varies in
function with the note played on the keyboard. It is this difference in frequency, which allows
us to recognize two different notes. To determine the ideal frequency related to a note played
on the keyboard, the oscillator refers to a key follow. The function of the key follow is to
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convert a key on the keyboard to a Hertz frequency value that can be used by the oscillator.
The Moog Modular V has four different key follows. The default setting for each key follow is
that of the Western tempered (scale of twelve equal semi-tones). It is possible to set the key
follows differently to create other types of scales (scale of quarter tones, tones, etc.). The key
follows can be edited in the keyboard page of the synthesizer. At the level of each driver
module and each filter, a digital display allows the selection of one of the four available key
follows, by a simple click, as well as one of the 4 sequencer follows.
Key follow digital display on a driver module or filter module
The sequencer follow allows the easy creation of melodies with the sequencer, staying in the
tempered intervals (semi-tones), which is more practical than using a sequencer output as a
continuous oscillator pitch modulation, often difficult to tune.
The following table explains the signification of the different values displayed:
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Key follow
K1
K2
K3
K4
No
LFO
Driver Oscillator
Key follow No 1
Key follow No 2
Key follow No 3
Key follow No 4
No key follow
No key follow, or trigger from the
keyboard; the oscillator works
permanently on a polyphonic track
(LFO mode)
K1
K2
K3
K4
No
Filter
Key follow No 1
Key follow No 2
Key follow No 3
Key follow No 4
No key follow
S1
S2
S3
S4
No
Filter
Follow of line 1 of the
Follow of line 2 of the
Follow of line 3 of the
Follow of line 4 of the
No sequencer follow
Sequencer follow
S1
S2
S3
S4
No
Driver Oscillator
Follow of line 1 of the sequencer
Follow of line 2 of the sequencer
Follow of line 3 of the sequencer
Follow of line 4 of the sequencer
No sequencer follow
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sequencer
sequencer
sequencer
sequencer
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7
THE MODULES
The Moog Modular V can be broken down into 4 parts, from top to bottom, a section containing
sequencer and effects, a section dedicated to the sound programming, a small extension
where the external cables are regrouped (velocity, after-touch, external signals...) and finally a
section containing the keyboard and different play settings.
7.1
7.1.1
PROGRAMMING SECTION
Description
The programming section gathers all of the modules, which need to be connected by cables. It
is on this screen that the different connections (Patch) needed for the programming of the
sound will be made.
It is sometimes necessary to connect a module in the programming section to a module in the
sequencer section. To simplify connections between the 2 screens, the inputs and outputs of
the sequencer section are grouped on a small extension under the sound programming
section.
The sound programming section contains:
• Nine oscillators, grouped in threes, which can also be used as modulation source.
• Two low frequency oscillators dedicated to modulations.
• Three filters.
• Six envelopes dedicated to modulations.
• Two envelopes dedicated to output amplifiers.
• A dual trigger delay.
• A noise generator and the associated filters.
• 1 ring modulator
• 4 envelope followers
• 2 sample and holds
• 1 frequency translators
• 1 formant filter
• A set of amplifiers, which can be grouped to form mixers.
The number of spaces at the upper part of the section being inferior to the number of modules,
the choice is made through a menu. It is thus possible to organize them at your convenience.
7.1.2
Oscillators
The oscillators, nine in total are regrouped in threes. Each group has a 921A type controller
and three 921B type slave oscillators.
Controller
Oscillators
A group of oscillators
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The controller is for the management of the impulse frequency and width of the 3 slave
oscillators. It can be used either statically with the knobs or thanks to the modulation inputs,
which can be connected to the output of any module (envelope, oscillator, modulation dial…).
The slave oscillators can equally be tuned and modulated separately with a knob and a range
selector. These oscillators provide four waveforms that can be used simultaneously.
This method of organizing the oscillators, typical of Moog modular synthesizers, helps to
rapidly obtain a very rich tone. The tree oscillators tuned separately and waveforms mixed give
very dense tones. This tone can then easily be modulated with the controller. Adding a vibrato
effect on this sonority is immediate using a modulation input of the controller. This would not
be the case if each of the modulation inputs of the slave oscillators had to be set.
7.1.2.1
Controller 921A
Frequency
State
Impulse width
FM Inputs
PWM Inputs
Keyboard follow
Sequencer choice
Oscillator 921A
Frequency
State
Impulse width
FM Inputs
WPM Inputs
Keyboard follow
Sequencer Choice
General tuning of the 3 slave oscillators
General tuning mode choice (by 1/2 tone, by octave)
Signal impulse width “Sawtooth”, “Square”, “Triangle”
Frequency modulation input connection jacks
Pulse width modulation connection jacks
Keyboard follows choice tuning the master oscillator (off, no, follow 1,
2, 3 or 4).
Choice of the sequencer output tuning the master oscillator (no
sequencer, sequencer 1, 2, 3 or 4).
The general tuning of the 3 slave oscillators is done with the “Frequency” knob. Depending on
the position of the “State” interrupter, the range of the knob is +/- an octave by semitone or
+/- six octaves par fifth and quarter.
The impulse width affected to the “sawtooth”, “triangle” and “square” signals of the 3 slave
oscillators is modified with the “Width” knob.
Three frequency modulation inputs and 2 impulse width modulation inputs allow the control of
these parameters thanks to the outputs of the other modules.
When one of these inputs is connected, a click on the Jack will modify the amplitude of the
modulation. The Jack knob functions like a rotating dial where the position for inactivity (no
modulation) is at the center. The modulation can thus be positive (button turned to the right)
or negative (button turned to the left).
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The first two frequency modulation inputs work in an exponential mode, while the third, “Lin” works in a linear
mode.
Connected directly to a generator (envelope, oscillator, sequencer…), the maximum amplitude
of the modulation is of +/- 4 octaves. When it is necessary to have a stronger modulation, an
amplifier module must amplify the signal of the generator.
A certain number of internal connections simplify the use of the keyboard follow, sequencer,
portamento and pitch bend.
To avoid having to manage the tuning of the keyboard follow with the amplitude of the
modulation input, with a visualizer we can choose which keyboard follow (from 1 to 4) is to be
used. This keyboard follow is directly configured to tune the oscillator in function to the note
played.
The functioning is the same for the sequencer outputs (1 to 4) controlling the tuning of this
group of oscillators. In the “no” follow position, the oscillator is set to the note C3, irrespective
of the keyboard notes. In the same manner, when set to the “no” sequencer position, this
group of oscillators is disconnected from the sequencer output.
A keyboard follow can of course be connected to modulation input. In that way, the pitch of
each notes can be adjust very fine. We can then simulate the non-linearity of analog keyboard.
The “LFO” position of the display indicates that the oscillator group is no longer dependant of
the keyboard. That is to say, it permanently functions on a monophonic voice. This function is
especially useful when we want to use this oscillator group as source of low frequency
modulation.
Furthermore, each of the keyboard follows can activate the response of oscillators and filters to
portamento and pitch bend.
7.1.2.2
Slave oscillator 921B
Frequency
Range
Synchronization
Audio outputs of the
4 wave forms
Synchro input
FM Inputs
Oscillator 921B
Frequency
Range
Synchronization
Synchro input
FM Inputs
Outputs
70
Sets the frequency of the oscillator. By left click, setting by semi-tone, by
right click fine setting.
Setting of the oscillator range. (low, 32, 16, 8, 4, 2)
Synchronization interrupter Soft/Hard
Menu to select the synchronization oscillator
Frequency modulation input connection jacks
Connection jacks for the four oscillator outputs
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The 921B type slave oscillators possess four outputs that can be used simultaneously:
sawtooth, sinusoid, triangle, square.
There is also an output generating a trigger signal synchronous with the square signal and with
an identical width, which lets us trigger envelopes and sequencer in a cyclic manner. This
output is visible only visible at trigger input menu level.
Sawtooth
Triangle
Square
Sinusoid
These oscillators are independently tuned with the “frequency” knob. This button possesses a
coarse +/- an octave per semi-tone setting with a left click and a fine tune setting +/- a semitone with a right click.
The “range” selector allows the setting of oscillator range on 6 positions: Low, 32, 16, 8, 4 and
2. With the Low position the oscillator can be used at a very low frequency (on a cycle of more
than 6 minutes). The other positions set the oscillator to octaves 1,2,3,4 and 5. That is to say
the note C3 is played respectively on C1, C2, C3, C4 and C5.
At the Low position the oscillators perform modulations using lower calculation power than the other positions.
Two modulation inputs allow the separate setting of each of the oscillators in the group. They
are very useful for modifying the tuning between oscillators thanks to a low frequency
oscillator, a keyboard follow or other modulation source.
Like the controller modulation inputs, they can be connected to the output of another module.
Connected to an oscillator functioning in the same audible spectrum, they can obtain sonorities
with FM characteristics.
A synchronization input and the associated interrupter allow the synchronization of the slave
oscillator on one of the other oscillators. In this case, the synchronizing oscillator will be heard
while the synchronized oscillator will improve the tone.
In the low position, the synchronization is said to be “hard”, which is to say that the
synchronized oscillator will restart a cycle for every cycle on the synchronizing oscillator.
In the high position, the synchronization is said to be “soft”, and in this case, the synchronized
oscillator will only restart its cycle if it is coming to the end of the cycle when the synchronizing
oscillator begins its cycle.
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A connected oscillator is active and consumes calculation power. It is therefore necessary to verify that the
connected oscillators are in use. Similarly, a group of oscillators disconnected from the keyboard by the “keyb”
interrupter is permanently active.
7.1.3
Filters
The Moog Modular V possesses 3 filter modules. It is possible to choose one of four types of
filter for each of the modules: a low-pass 24 dB/octave (type 904A), a high-pass 24dB/octave
(type 904B), a band-cut and band-pass 24 dB/octave (type 904C) and finally a multi-mode 12
dB/octave filter. Clicking on the name of the module and selecting the filter from the menu
proposed does the type change.
All of these filters possess internal connections to simplify the use of keyboard follows,
portamento, pitch bend and sequencer.
To avoid having to manage the tuning of the keyboard follow with the amplitude of the
modulation input, with a display we can choose if a keyboard follow is to be used and which
one. This keyboard follow is done to get a correct pitch from the keyboard. Depending on the
configuration of the chosen keyboard follow, the portamento and the pitch bend will be applied
or not to this filter.
The functioning is the same for the sequencer outputs (1 to 4) controlling the tuning of the
cut-off frequency of this filter. In the “no” follow position, the filter is independent of the notes
played on the keyboard. In the same manner, set to the “no” sequencer position, the filter is
disconnected from the sequencer output.
It is still possible to connect a keyboard follow or a sequencer output to a modulation input
obtaining a tuning as fine as necessary.
7.1.3.1
Low pass 24 dB/octave filter (904A)
Frequency
Resonance
Audio Output
Audio Input
Modulation inputs
Keyboard follow
Sequencer choice
Low pass filter
Frequency
Resonance
Audio Output
Audio Input
Modulation inputs
Keyboard follow
Sequencer choice
72
Sets the filter cut-off frequency
Sets the filter resonance
Filter output connection jack
Filter input connection jack
Frequency modulation input connection jacks
Keyboard follow choice tuning the filter (no follow, follow 1, 2, 3 or 4).
Choice of the sequencer output tuning the filter (no sequencer,
sequencer 1, 2, 3 or 4).
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The low-pass 24 dB/octave filter is typical of Moog synthesizers. It has a setting for the cut-off
frequency and a setting for the resonance. Only connecting the output of any module to one of
the 3 modulation inputs can dynamically modulate the cut-off frequency.
Like all of the modulation inputs, once connected, turning the dial of the jack with a right click
sets its amplitude. Receiving a modulation directly from the output of a generator (envelope,
oscillator, and sequencer), the maximum modulation amplitude is of +/- 9 octaves. When it is
necessary to have a stronger modulation, an amplifier module must amplify the signal of the
generator.
The following image represents the spectrum of a low-pass resonant filter with a cut-off
resonance of 500 Hz.
Low-pass 24 dB/octave filter
7.1.3.2
High-pass 24 dB/octave filter (904B)
Frequency
Audio Input
Audio Output
Modulation inputs
High-pass filter
Frequency
Audio Output
Audio Input
Modulation inputs
Keyboard Follow
Sequencer Choice
Sets the filter cut-off frequency
Filter output connection jack
Filter input connection jack
Frequency modulation input connection jacks
Keyboard follow choice tuning the filter (no follow, follow 1,2,3 or 4).
Choice of the sequencer output tuning the filter (no sequencer,
sequencer 1, 2, 3 or 4).
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Unlike the low-pass 904A filter, the high-pass 904B filter does not possess resonance. The cutoff frequency can be set with the rotating “frequency” dial or by the 3 modulation inputs which
function in the same manner as the inputs of the low-pass.
The following image represents the spectrum of a high-pass filter with a cut-off frequency of
500 Hz.
High-pass 24 dB/octave filter
7.1.3.3
Band-pass 24 dB/octave filter (904C)
Type
Frequency
Resonance
Audio Input
Audio Output
Mod. Width input
FM Inputs
Band-pass filter
Frequency
Resonance
Type
Audio Output
Audio Input
FM Inputs
Mod. Width input
Keyboard follow
Sequencer Choice
Sets the filter cut-off frequency
Sets the bandwidth of the filter
Choice of filter type (band reject or band pass)
Filter output connection jack
Filter input connection jack
Frequency modulation input jacks
Bandwidth modulation input connection jack
Keyboard follows choice tuning the filter (no follow, follow 1, 2, 3 or 4).
Choice of the sequencer output tuning the filter (no sequencer,
sequencer 1, 2, 3 or 4).
The 24dB band pass filter resembles the Moog 904C filter, but the difference from it is that
while the Moog 904C is a pairing of the 2 associated low-pass and high-pass filters, this one is
independent of the 2 other filters. The central frequency can be set with the rotating
“Frequency” button, the bandwidth, of 1/3 octave to 3 octaves with the “Resonance” knob. The
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first modulation input allows the dynamic modification of the bandwidth, the 2 others, the
central frequency.
A “type” selector provides a choice of filtering, band pass or band reject.
The following images represent the spectrum of the band-pass and band-reject filters where
the central frequency is 500 Hz.
Band-pass 24 dB/octave filter
7.1.3.4
Band reject 24 dB/octave filter
Multi-mode 12 dB/octave filter
Type
Frequency
Resonance
Gain
Audio Input
Audio Output
ModRes Input
FM Inputs
Multimode 12 dB/octave filter
Type
Frequency
Resonance
Gain
Audio Output
Audio Input
FM Inputs
ModRes Input
Keyboard follow
Sequencer Choice
Choice of filter type
Sets the filter cut-off frequency
Sets the resonance of the filter
Sets the gain for bell, shelf High and Low.
Filter output connection jack
Filter input connection jack
Frequency modulation input jacks
Resonance modulation input connection jack
Keyboard follow choice tuning the filter (no follow, follow 1, 2, 3 or 4).
Choice of the sequencer output tuning the filter (no sequencer,
sequencer 1, 2, 3 or 4).
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The multi-mode 12 dB/octave filter has different types of filtering that the original Moog
modular synthesizers could not offer. The selector holds six types if filtering: low-pass, bandpass, notch, high-pass, low-shelf, high-shelf, bell.
The 3 knobs “Frequency”, “Resonance”, and “Gain” respectively set the cut-off frequency, the
resonance, and the gain (used only for the shelf and bell)
Three modulation inputs allow the dynamic modification of the cut-off frequency.
The following images represent the different spectrum of the different filters, the cut-off
frequency is constant at 500 Hz.
Low-pass 12 dB/octave
Notch 12 dB/octave
Low-shelf 12 dB/octave
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High-pass 12 dB/octave
Bell 12 dB/octave
High-shelf 12 dB/octave
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7.1.4
Modulation envelopes
Attack (A)
Decay (D)
Release (R)
Sustain (S)
Output
Input Trigg
Envelope
Attack
Decay
Release
Sustain
Input Trigg
Output
Sets the attack time (Attack)
Sets the decay time
Sets the release time
Sets the sustain level
Trigger signal input connection
Envelope output signal
Six in total, the modulation envelopes make the sonority evolve in function with time. An
envelope possesses four sequentially following temporal periods: attack, decay, sustain and
release. When the input trigger goes from an inactive to an active state, the envelope launches
its sequences “attack” followed by “decay” and remains in the “sustain” state as long as the
input trigger remains active. When it goes to an inactive state, the envelope begins the
“release” sequence. If the input trigger becomes inactive before the first 2 sequences have
finished, the envelope goes directly to the “release” phase.
The input trigger can be connected to the output trigger coming from the keyboard, the trigger
delay module, the oscillators trigger output, or from the sequencer.
The time of the different periods are controlled by the “Attack”, “Decay” and “Release” knobs.
The “Sustain” knob is to set the level of the envelope output during the sustain period.
A
D
S
R
Trigg
On
t
Representation of the envelope
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7.1.5
Output amplifiers (VCA)
Attack
Decay
Release
Sustain
Slope Level
Slope Time
Mod Output
Input Trigg
Panoramic
Soft Clip
Audio Input
AM Input
Gain
Output envelope
Attack
Decay
Release
Sustain
Slope Time
Slope Level
Input Trigg
Envelope out
Audio Input
Panoramic
Soft Clip
AM Input
Sets the attack time
Sets the decay time
Sets the release time (release)
Sets the sustain level
Sets the intermediate decay time
Sets the intermediate decay level
Input trigger signal connection jack
Envelope out connection jack
VCA input connection jack
Sets the position in stereo space
Use of gentle saturation
Audio modulation Input jack
There are 2 output amplifiers, each possessing its own envelope. These amplifiers are
internally linked to a panoramic manager, which allows, through the “panoramic” knob, to
position the output in stereo space.
These amplifiers are the last step in the generation of a sound. The associated envelope
sculpts the temporal form of the signal at the end of the sequence after the application of all of
the other modulations. Unlike the modulation envelopes, it has an extra period between the
“attack” and “decay” sequences, called “slope”. The time and level can be set for this period
and allows the envelope to move from the high point after attack to slope before moving to the
decay:
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A
St
D
Sn
S
R
Trigg
On
t
t
Representation of the output VCA envelope
The output amplifier internally connected to this envelope has volume “gain” and amplitude
input modulation settings.
The input trigger can be connected to the output trigger coming from the keyboard, the trigger
delay module, the oscillators or LFO trigger output, or from the sequencer.
Each of the two amplifiers possesses a trigger output, which is activated when the signal level
is cancelled. This output can be very useful for stopping the sequencer for example.
A jack allows the connection of the output of the associated envelope to other modulation
inputs.
A button applies the simulation of the current regulation present in the original Moog amplifiers
(soft clipping).
Soft saturation is heavy on CPU calculation.
7.1.6
Low frequency oscillators (LFO)
Frequency
Mode
Delay
FM Input
Width
Fade in
PWM Input
Outputs
Low frequency oscillator
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Frequency
Delay
Mode
Fade in
Width
PWM Input
FM Input
Outputs
Sets the oscillation frequency
Delay time setting after a keyboard trigger
Choice of frequency setting: low, mid, synchronized on the MIDI tempo
Sets the time constant for the increase of modulation
Sets the impulse width
Input connection for the impulse width modulation
Frequency modulation input connection
Connection jacks for the different outputs
The use of a low frequency generator as a modulation source is typical. It allows the gentle
evolution of the tone of a sound or to simulate vibrato and tremolo.
Even though the oscillators can be used at very low frequencies, there are 2 modules
specifically for this purpose, which allow the oscillators to be kept for use in the audible
domain.
These oscillators possess five outputs that can be used simultaneously: sawtooth, sinusoid,
triangle, square, random.
The oscillation frequency can be statically set with the rotating “frequency” button dynamically
with the associated modulation input. The impulse width can also be statically set with the
“width” button and by its modulation input.
The “mode” interrupter synchronizes the oscillation frequency with the tempo of the host
sequencer. In this mode, the rotating button chooses a frequency depending on the
application’s tempo (multiple or sub multiple).
Two other buttons are affecting a delay and a fade in at the output of this generator. Initialized
on a keyboard trigger, the generator output will only begin to oscillate when the internal
counter reaches a time value set with the “delay” knob. This oscillation wills gently increase
following the time constant set with the rotating “fade in”.
There is also an output generating a trigger signal synchronous with the square signal and
with an identical width, which lets us trigger envelopes and sequencer in a cyclic manner. This
output is visible only visible at trigger input menu level.
7.1.7
Controlled amplifiers / Mixers
Link
Audio Input
Soft Clip
Inverse
Volume
AM Input
Audio Output
Controlled amplifier (VCA)
Audio Input
Audio Output
AM Input
Volume
Soft Clip
Inverse
Link
80
Amplifier input connection jack
Amplifier output connection jack
Amplitude modulation input connection jack
Input gain setting
Use of soft clipping
Request inversion of the input signal
Next amplifier mixing
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There are 16 independent amplifiers. Each has its own volume setting with the rotating “level”
button and its amplitude modulation input.
These amplifiers can be regrouped to form mixers. To group 2 amplifiers, just click on the
“Link” button separating them.
When 2 amplifiers form a group, the output signal of the first corresponds to the sum of their
collective outputs, whereas the output of the second remains identical to the signal before
grouping.
To restore their independence, just click on the “Link” button.
It is possible to add as many amplifiers as necessary. In this case it is still the output of the
first amplifier, which will have the signal corresponding to the sum of all of the amplifiers of
the group, the others retaining their independence.
Thanks to this method, with 16 amplifiers to begin with, it is possible to create a large range of
mixing while keeping a few amplifiers available for modulation.
We can, for example, form a group of the first six amplifiers to mix the first six oscillators,
then a group with the next 3 to mix the 3 last oscillators, and finally a group with the next 2 to
mix the outputs of 2 filters which will respectively treat the output of the first amplifier and the
output of the seventh. There are 5 remaining amplifiers for modulation or other mixes.
Each amplifier possesses a current limiting function allowing a soft clipping. This function is
activated with the “clip” button. The “inv” button lets you invert the signal, as input to the
corresponding amplifier..
The four right VCA are modulated with a linear function, on the contrary, the other are
modulated with a exponential function.
7.1.8
Trigger delay
Time1
Trigg 1 Input
Mode
Time2
Trigg2 Input
Trigger delay
Time 1
Trigg 1 Input
Mode
Time 2
Trigg 2 Input
Sets the time for the first delay
Choice of trigger input for the first delay
Choice of mode (independent, parallel, series)
Sets the time for the second delay
Choice of trigger input for the second delay
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A trigger delay module manages the signals used for triggering envelopes and sequencer.
There are 2 delays, which can function independently, in series or parallel following the setting
on the “mode” selector.
Set to the “off” position, the 2 delays are independent. When their trigger input moves to an
active state, their internal counter is initialized. The output will move to an active state when
their internal counter reaches the value specified by the rotating “time” button. When the
trigger input returns to an inactive state, the output immediately goes not an inactive state.
Set to the “parallel” position, the 2 internal counters start at the same time when the trigger
input of the first delay goes to an active state. Each manages its output in function with its
time setting.
In the series position, the second counter only begins when the output of the first delay moves
to an active state.
Independent mode
Parallel mode
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Serial mode
7.1.9
Noise generator
Low Pass Frequency
Low Pass Output
Low Pass Input
High Pass Frequency
High Pass Output
High Pass Input
White Noise
Pink Noise
Noise generator
Low Pass Frequency
Low Pass Input
Low Pass Output
Low Pass Frequency
High-pass Output
High-pass Input
White Noise
Pink Noise
Sets the low-pass filter cut-off frequency
Low Pass filter input connection jack
Low Pass filter output connection jack
Sets the Low Pass filter cut-off frequency
High-pass filter output connection jack
High-pass filter input connection jack
White noise output connection jack
Pink noise output connection jack
The noise generator allows the simultaneous management of a white and pink noise. It also
possesses a low-pass and a high-pass of the first order (6 dB/octave) in which the cut-off
frequency can be statically set with the “frequency” knobs.
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White noise spectrum
Pink noise spectrum
Whether it is for white or pink noise, the two output jacks correspond to two independent noise
generators.
7.1.10
Sample and hold
Clock Rate
Trigg selection
Trigg input
Glide
Input
Output
Sample and hold
Clock Rate
Trigg Input
Trigg Selection
Glide
Output
Input
Sets the internal clock frequency
Menu selecting the choice of external input used to trigger the sampling
Choice source of external trigger for sampling
Sets output glide
Output connection jack
Input connection jack
This module lets you sample the signal connected as input. The values are taken for every
trigger where the source can be external (trigger source connected to the Trigg input) or
internal, clock where the frequency is set with the “Clock Rate” dial. The choice is made with
the “Trig selection” interrupter.
The values sampled are presented as output, with more or less glide, set with the “Glide” dial.
It is this module, when sampling noise, which is used to product random modulations.
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7.1.11 Envelope follower
Time choice
Threshold
Time
Follow in
Follow out
Comparator in
Envelope follower
Time choice
Time
Threshold
Follower out
Follower in
Comparator in
Selection of follow mode
Sets the constant time of the level measurement
Sets the threshold of comparator
Envelope follow output connection jack
Envelope follow input connection jack
Comparator input connection jack
This module possesses two functions. The first generates an envelope from the audio signal
connected to “Follower in”. The “Time” setting determines the detail for the envelope follower.
The lower the value, the more the input signal variations will be respected. This setting relies
on the “Time Choice” which can be “short” or “long”. In the first case, the analysis of the input
signal will be very precise, generating a signal with fast variation. The calculation power
required is thus heavier than the second position, where the output signal will have slow
variation.
This module also allows you to generate a trigger signal. The triggering is calculated in relation
to a certain threshold set with the “Threshold” dial and the signal connected to the
“Comparator in”. If no signal is connected to this input, an internal connection will link the
follow output to the comparator.
This module generates two types of trigger, a positive trigger, and a negative. When the
comparator input signal exceeds the threshold, the positive trigger is activated, while the
negative trigger is cancelled. When the input signal goes below the threshold, the opposite
happens. A lighting indicator allows the observation of the positive trigger signal.
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7.1.12
Ring modulator
Frequency
Depth
Freq. Mod. Input
Depth Mod. input
Mul Signal Input
HiQ Selection
Signal Out
Signal In
Ring modulator
Frequency
Depth
HiQ Selection
Freq. Mod. Input
Depth Mod. Input
Mul Signal Input
Signal Input
Signal output
Sets the frequency of the multiplicative sinusoid
Sets the amplitude for the multiplication of signals
High quality selection
Frequency modulation connection jack
Depth modulation connection jack
Multiplicative signal connection jack
Input jack for signal to be treated
Output jack for treated signal
The ring modulator multiplies two signals to create non-harmonics frequency. It is then easy to
produce metallic sounds.
When “Mul Signal Input” is not connected, the input signal is multiplied by an internally
generated sinusoid signal for which the frequency can be set with the “Frequency” button. The
modulation amplitude and subsequently the effect amplitude obtained can be set with the
“Depth” button. Once connected, “Mul Signal Input” becomes the source of the multiplicative
signal.
The depth and the frequency of the internal sinusoid can be modulated with the corresponding
modulation inputs.
The “HiQ” interrupter, at the cost of an increase in calculation load, increases the quality of the
sound.
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7.1.13
Formant filter
Frequency
FM Input
Resonance
RM Input
Gain
Gain Mod Input
Input
Vowel Mod.
Input
Frequency
Resonance
Gain
FM Input
RM Input
GM Input
Vowel
VM Input
Vowel Output
Formant filter
Sets the frequency
Sets the resonance
Sets the gain
Frequency modulation connection jack
Resonance modulation connection jack
Gain modulation connection jack
setting of o pre-selected vowel
Connection jack for the modulation of the vowel pre-selections
This module regroups four bell filters connected in a series. Each filter can be set and
modulated, independently of the others, in frequency, gain and resonance (or bandwidth).
It is possible to preset these four filters to reproduce the formation of a particular vowel with
the “vowel” selection window. This preselection can also be modulated with the associated
modulation input.
The preselection is done before the filter settings. It is thus possible, during a modulation, to
make the vowel evolve, and to gently change the settings.
7.1.14 Bode Frequency Shifter
Scale
Amount of Shift
Mixed out
Audio Input
Negative output
FM Inputs
Positive output
Bode frequency shifter
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Scale
Amount of Shift
Mix
Mixed output
Positive output
Negative output
FM Input
Audio Input
Sets the scale frequency
Sets the frequency transition
Mix between the positive and negative translations
Mix of negative and positive translations output connection jack
Positive translation output jack
Negative translation output jack
Frequency modulation connection jack
Input signal connection jack
This module is used for a linear translation of the frequencies contained in the input signal.
Because of this linearity, the initial harmonic relations are totally modified.
It is easy with this module, to produce metallic sounds.
There are three available outputs: two for each of the translations possible (negative and
positive), the other for a mix of the two, the mix is set with the “Mix” button.
The translation rate, which is to say the difference in frequencies, is set with the “frequency”
button. Following the selected scale (“scale” selector), the button will give a different gap. The
scale also influences the amplitude and type of modulation.
In the exponential position, the translation goes from 2 Hz to 1024 Hz, the modulation being
exponential. In the other positions (5,50,500,5k), the translation will be of a maximum of 5
Hz, 50 Hz, 500 Hz or 5000 Hz, in positive or negative.
7.2
7.2.1
SECOND SECTION
Description
The second section of the Moog Modular V regroups all of the effect modules and the
sequencer. The outputs and inputs of this page needing connections with the modules of the
first section are moved to the latter, in a small extension.
This section contains a module for equalization through a bank of resonant filters, a chorus
module, a phaser, a stereo delay module, and a type 960 sequencer.
The 3 effect modules, filter bank, chorus and stereo delay are applied to the signal of the
output amplifiers in function with the interrupters “VCA1” and “VCA2”. They are applied in the
predefined order.
The choice between the chorus and the phaser is done through a menu displayed by clicking
on the name of the module.
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7.2.2
Resonant filter bank
Gain
Resonance
Output gain
Connection
VCA1-VCA2
Reset
Filter bank
Gain
Resonance
Connection VCA1-VCA2
Output Gain
Reset
Sets the band level to positive or negative
Sets the bandwidth
Connection of the filter bank to the VCA1 or VCA2 output
Sets the output gain
Resets the filter bank
This module allows the equalization of the signal coming from the 2 output amplifiers in
function with the state of the interrupters “VCA11” and “VCA2”.
This equalization is done with the help of the resonant filters and has 14 bands. Each has a
level (amplification and alleviation) and bandwidth setting, excepting the first and last bands,
which are respectively, the low-pass and high-pass filters.
The cut-off frequencies of these filters are fixed at the following values: 80 Hz, 125 Hz, 175
Hz, 250 Hz, 350 Hz, 500 Hz, 700 Hz, 1000 Hz, 1400 Hz, 2000 Hz, 2800 Hz, 4000 Hz, 5600 Hz
and 6400 Hz.
A button allows the resetting of the default values and a rotating button sets the output level
after filtering.
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7.2.3
Chorus
Types
Rate
Depth
Time
Stereo Rate
Stereo Width
Dry
Wet
VCA1-VCA2
Chorus
Types
Rate
Depth
Time
Stereo Rate
Stereo Width
Dry
Wet
VCA1-VCA2
Sets the 3 chorus Types
Sets the chorus rate
Sets the depth of the chorus action
Sets the delay applied to the input signal
Sets the speed of the stereophonic evolution
Sets the width of the stereophonic space
Sets the gain applied to the input signal
Sets the gain applied to the treated signal
Connection of the chorus to the output of VCA1 or VCA2
A Chorus module allows the treatment of the signal coming from the 2 output amplifiers,
eventually treated by the equalizer, in function with the state of the interrupters “VCA1” and
“VCA2”.
The chorus module allows a frequential blurring where the speed is set by the “speed” knob,
the amplitude by the “depth” and the width with the “Delay”. This frequency blurring is
different for the left and right tracks. This allows us to get a stereophonic signal from a
monophonic signal. The difference between the 2 tracks can be set with the “stereo width” and
the speed of the left right rotation with the “stereo rate” knob.
A selector presents the choice of chorus type: simple, medium, complex.
The input signal level and treated signal can be respectively set with the “gain direct” and
“gain effect” knobs.
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7.2.4
Phaser
Sweep
Amount
Stages
Rate
Resonance
Stereo width
Dry
Wet
VCA1-VCA2
Phaser
Amount
Rate
Sweep
Stereo width
Dry
Stages
Wet
VCA1-VCA2
Sets the depth of the phaser action
Sets the speed of the phaser
Sets the phaser resonance
Sets the width of the stereo space
Sets the gain applied to the input signal
Sets the phaser type (6 or 12 stages)
Sets the gain applied to the treated signal
Connects the phaser to the VCA1 or VCA2 output
The phaser module treats the signal coming from the 2 output amplifiers, eventually treated
by an equalizer, in function with the state of the 2 “VCA1” and “VCA2” interrupters.
The action consists of dephasing the input signal and combining it with the original signal. Thus
we can have a filter that combs (with notches) the frequency spectrum to the rhythm of an
oscillator which follows the frequency set with the “rate” button. The “depth” button sets the
amplitude for the action of the filtering, while “Resonance” amplifies certain harmonica. The
rotating “stereo width” button sets the amplitude of the stereophonic aspect of the phaser.
When the “stereo width” is set to 0, the left and the right channel are in phase. When it is set
to 0.5, the sound seems to rotate, and when it is set to 1, the sound seem to go from one side
to another.
There are two types of phaser, one has 6 levels, the other has 12, set with the “type” selector.
A 6-stage phaser has 3 notches, and a 12-stage has 6.
The rotating “dry” and “wet” buttons are respectively used to set the amplitude of the original
signal and the treated signal.
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7.2.5
Stereo Delay
MIDI sync
Time left
Time right
Feedback left
Feedback right
Feedback to right
Feedback to left
Dry
Wet
VCA1 & VCA2
Stereo Delay module
MIDI sync
Time left
Time right
Feedback left
Feedback right
Feedback to left
Feedback to right
Dry
Wet
VCA1-VCA2
Synchronizes delay with the tempo of the host application
Sets the time of the right track
Sets the time of the left track
Sets the feedback gain for the right track
Sets the feedback gain for the left track
Sets the feedback gain of the right track towards the left track
Sets the feedback gain of the left track towards the right track
Sets the gain applied to the input signal
Sets the gain applied to the treated signal
Connection of the delay to the output of VCA1 or VCA2
A stereo delay module treats the signal coming from the 2 output amplifiers, eventually
treated by the equalizer and chorus, in function with the state of the interrupters “VCA1” and
“VCA2”.
This module allows the repetition of the input signal independently on the left and right tracks,
which explains the presence of 2 columns of controls.
The repetition speed can be set with the “time” knob, while the level of the repetitions, and
eventually the number of audible repetitions is set with the “feedback” knob. The third knob
sends a part of the treated signal to the other track.
The repetition speed can be synchronized with the tempo of the host application, and in this
case, the “time” knob selects the multiples and sub-multiples of this tempo.
The levels of the input and treated signals can be respectively set with the rotating “gain
direct” and “gain effect” buttons.
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7.2.6
Sequence generator
Sequencer
Also called sequencer, this module is similar to the original Moog 960 sequencer while
simplifying the programming with internal connections.
This module has 3 parts: low frequency oscillator, the 8-step sequence manager and the
output controller.
Frequency
MIDI Synchronization
On
Off
Fw / Rw
On / Off Input Triggers
Length
Next Trigger
Sequencer clock
Frequency
On
Off
On Input Trigger
Off Input Trigger
Length
MIDI Synchronization
Next Trigger
Fw - Fw/Bw
Sets the sequencer clock speed
Starts the sequencer
Stops the sequencer
Connection of a trigger signal to start the sequencer
Connection of a trigger signal to stop the sequencer
Length of the trigger signal generated by the sequencer
Synchronization of delay with host application tempo
Connection of a trigger signal for the passage to the next step
Select the sequencer mode (forward, or forward/backward)
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The low frequency oscillator gives rhythm to the passage from one sequence to another. The
speed can be statically set with the “frequency” knob and dynamically with the modulation
input situated on the first section. The “synchronization” interrupter synchronizes this
generator on the tempo of the host application. In this case, the “frequency” knob selects
multiples and sub-multiples of this tempo.
The passage from one step to the next can also be done by the means of a trigger signal (from
the keyboard for example) connected to the “next trigger” input.
The two “On” and “Off” button start and stop this generator. When it starts, it resets the
sequence manager on the first step.
The starting and stopping can be done dynamically with the associated trigger inputs.
The “length” knob sets the trigger signal width coming from the sequencer.
The “backward” interrupter allows a round-trip progression, instead of a progression indicated
by the next step indicators.
Level Output1
Level Output2
Level Output3
Link
Hold
Repetition
Next Step
Forcing trigger input
On
Sequencer column
Level Output1
Level Output2
Level Output3
Link
Hold
Repetition
Next Step
On
Forcing trigger input
Sets the level of modulation or tuning for output1
Sets the level of modulation or tuning for output2
Sets the level of modulation or tuning for output3
Link to the previous step (no trigger)
Number of clock beats of hold on this step
Request for output trigger for each held clock beat
Selects the next step
Forcing step
Forcing input or not
The sequencer has 8 steps. Each step defines 3 output levels with the help of 3 rotating
buttons. The manager moves from one step to another at each impulse of the sequencer clock
or upon the reception of a signal on the trigger input “next trigger”. The led above each of the
steps lights up when active.
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It is possible to force the sequencer to initialize itself on a particular step, either by clicking on
the “Forcing” button of the desired step, or through a signal in the associated input trigger.
Every time the sequencer comes to a step, the corresponding trigger output is activated,
allowing the start-up of certain envelopes.
It is possible to remain on a particular step by modifying the “Hold” display. In this case, we
need a certain number of clock impulses from the sequencer (or from the trigger input) equal
to the number indicated to go to the next step.
The rotating selector indicates the next step. It possesses 10 positions, the first 8 represent
the next steps, the ninth is a random selection, and the last is the generator stop.
When this last position is chosen on a step, the sequencer clock is stopped, the manager is
reset on the first step and the outputs set to zero.
At every change of step, a general trigger signal from the sequencer is activated. This output
will be activated at every clock impulse if the “repetition” interrupter is active. In the same
manner, there is no activity from this signal if the “link” interrupter is inactive.
On Line 1
Smooth1
Forcing Trigger Input 1
On Line 2
Smooth2
Forcing Trigger Input 2
On Line 3
Smooth3
Forcing Trigger Input 3
Smooth4
Mode Output 4
Sequencer outputs
Smooth 1
Smooth 2
Smooth 3
Smooth 4
On Line1
Forcing Trigger Input 1
On Line2
Forcing Trigger Input2
On Line3
Forcing Trigger Input3
Mode Output4
Sets smooth for output 1
Sets smooth for output 2
Sets smooth for output 3
Sets smooth for output 4
Forcing of the selection from output 4 to output 1
Forcing trigger input of the selection from output 4 to output 1
Forcing of the selection from output 4 to output 2
Forcing trigger input of the selection from output 4 to output 2
Forcing of the selection from output 4 to output 3
Forcing trigger input of the selection from output 4 to output 3
Choice of progression mode of output 4
The control section of the sequencer outputs allows the management of four outputs in
function with the current step. The first outputs take their values from the values specified by
the rotating buttons of the current step, eventually with a smooth that can be set with the
“smooth”.
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The fourth output, for which the smooth can also be set with a “smooth” knob, is managed in
the following manner. It takes the value of one of the 3 outputs in function with the current
step and the type of progression specified by the “Mode output 4” selector.
When placed in the “none” position, the fourth output takes the output value selected by the
“Forcing Line” button and its corresponding trigger input. It is therefore possible to have 3
different sequences, activated either manually by a click or dynamically by a trigger.
When the “Mode Output 4” selector is placed on the “L123” position, the fourth output will
automatically cross outputs 1,2 and 3 each time the current step arrives on the eighth step. In
this manner, it is possible to have a 24-step sequence. Placed at the “L321” position, the lines
will be done in the inverse order. In the same manner, on the “L12” “L13” or “L23” positions,
the fourth output will cover lines 1 and 2, or 1 and 3, or finally 2 and 3, thus obtaining 16 step
sequences.
When the “Mode Output 4” selector is placed on the “C123” position, the fourth output covers
lines 123, but the change takes place at every sequencer clock impulse. We just need to wait
for 3 impulses at every step, to alternatively have lines 1,2 and 3 of each of the steps. The
functioning is the same on positions “C321”, “C12”, “C13” and “C23”.
On the “Rand” position, the choice of fourth output is random.
7.3
THIRD SECTION
A small section has been added bellow the connection section. It regroups all of the external
input-outputs on the sequencer, and the key follow outputs. You will also find an interrupter
which activates A440.
The output jacks “External audio” are used to treat the external signals and use the Moog
Modular V as an effect.
The “Out” jacks correspond to the two left and right output jacks on the Moog Modular V. It is
thus possible to loop it to itself and obtain special effects.
Internal connections
7.4
FOURTH SECTION
The fourth section contains a virtual keyboard, control for the 4 key follows, 2 modulation
surfaces, and a few shortcuts to the most frequently used settings (Envelope for the 2 output
VCA and cut-off frequency settings for the 3 filters). You will also find general settings like
choice of Monophonic/polyphonic, the “retrigg” mode or “legato”.
It is also in this mode that we find the volume control and general tuning.
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7.4.1
Keyboard follow management
Slope
Threshold
Pivot
Low/High
Bend/Portamento
Keyboard follow
Slope
Pivot
Threshold
Low/High
High
Bend/Portamento
Sets the slope of the keyboard follow
Selects the pivot note of the keyboard follow
Selects the threshold note of the keyboard follow
Selects the low (high) note of the generator for the trigger of the
keyboard follow
Selects the high note of the generator for the trigger of the keyboard
follow which can also be inverted
Request for affectation of a pitch bend (portamento) or glissando to the
keyboard follow
There are four independent keyboard follows. Each possessing a slope setting with the “Slope”
knob, a pivot note chosen in the “pivot” display and a threshold note chosen with the
“threshold” display begin from which the slope is null.
Keyboard follow management
Each of the keyboard follows can generate a trigger signal. Two displays allow the choice of a
low and high note. When the keyboard detects a note between the 2 limits, the trigger signal
is active as long as the note remains active. When the note is outside of the limits, the trigger
signal remains inactive. If the notes selected for the upper and lower limits are such that the
lower note is higher than the upper, then the note detected by the keyboard must be outside
of the limits to activate the trigger signal.
The “Portamento” and “PitchBend” buttons of each of the keyboard follows allows the
affectation of a portamento or pitch bend. The pitch bend can be inverted (the modulation is
negative when the command is positive), which allows us, for example, to lower the filter cutoff frequency insofar as the tuning of the oscillators is raised.
It is also possible to replace the portamento (continuous glide of the frequency) with a
glissando (frequency glide by semi-tone)
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7.4.2
General settings
Course Bend (tune)
Course Bend (filter)
Poly
Mono
Legato
Re Trigger
General settings
Course Bend (filter)
Course Bend (accord)
MonoPoly
Legato
Re Trigger
Nbr Release
Poly
Filter coarse for the pitch bend wheel
Oscillator tuning coarse for the pitch bend wheel. (by semitone
from 0 to 4 octaves)
Selects synthesizer mode: ( Monophonic, Unison or polyphonic )
Selects legato mode (the portamento is active when the notes are
detached).
Selects the re trigger mode (the keyboard generates a trigger
when the notes are linked)
Select the number of release notes
Gives the number of polyphonic tracks (16-32-64)
The Moog Modular V responds to the pitch bend depending on the position of the “tune”
selector. This selector sets the amplitude of this response to +/- four octaves per semi-tone.
The knob close at hand noted “filter”, allows the setting of the excursion of the response to the
tuning wheel for the filter cut-off frequency,
The “MonoPoly” interrupter takes the synthesizer from monophonic to polyphonic mode. The
Unison position allows us to play the indicated number of voices in parallel, while the playing
mode remains monophonic.
In the monophonic mode, 2 interrupters allow the control of the triggering of the envelopes.
The first, “re trigger” allows the reactivation of the trigger signal in the case where the notes
are linked. The second, “legato” allows the affectation of frequency smoothing (portamento)
whether the notes are linked or not.
The rotating “Volume” button sets the general volume of the Moog Modular V, while the
rotating “tune” button allows us to set the tuning with amplitude of 1 tone.
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8
THE BASICS OF SUBTRACTIVE SYNTHESIS
Of all of the forms of sound synthesis, subtractive synthesis is still one of the oldest and most
frequently used today. This method was developed from the 60’s on Moog analog synthesizers,
and then later on ARP, Buchla, Oberheim, Sequential Circuits (Prophet series), Yamaha (CS
series), Roland, Korg (MS and PS series) to name but a few. This synthesis technique is still
used on most of the current digital synthesizers, added to sample reading or wave tables,
which have progressively replaced analog oscillators since the 80’s. The modular Moog
systems, and your Moog Modular V, represent the best illustration of the immense possibilities
of subtractive synthesis.
Modular synthesizers use a certain number of base modules, placed in sections where the size
varies in relation to the importance of the systems. These modules, once connected, allow the
creation of a multitude of sounds.
8.1
8.1.1
THE THREE MAIN MODULES
The oscillator or VCO
The oscillator (Voltage Controlled Oscillator) can be considered as the starting module (with
the noise module that we often class among the oscillators) for the creation of a sound on a
modular system. It is here that the first sound signal is created and we can consider the
oscillator like the strings of a violin which, when stroked or plucked, vibrates to create a sound.
The main oscillator settings are the pitch and the waveform.
The pitch is determined by the oscillation frequency. The oscillator frequency setting is done
with two controllers: firstly the Range selector which mainly determines the fundamental
frequency, often expressed in feet: 32,16,8,4,2 — the highest number (32) gives the deepest
tone, and on the other hand, 2 gives the highest tone; Secondly, the frequency setting which
will tune the oscillator more precisely.
The waveform determines the harmonic richness of the audio signal. 4 waveforms are
available on the Moog Modular V: sawtooth, square/PW, triangle and sinus.
•
The sawtooth is the richest audio signal of the 4 available waveforms (it contains all of
the harmonics at decreasing volume levels in high frequencies). Its “brassy” sound is
ideal for brass sounds, striking bass sounds or rich accompaniments.
Sawtooth waveform
•
The square possesses a more “hollow” sound than the sawtooth (it only contains
impair harmonics) but nevertheless, its sonic richness (notably in the low frequencies)
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could be used for sub basses emphasized in the mix (the square oscillator should be
thus set an octave below the that of the saw tooth), wooden sounds (clarinet if the
square signal is a little filtered), etc.
The PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) is a setting which allows the modification of the
square ware form cycle (or wave width). This can be done manually with the “PW” knob
or through modulation (using an envelope or a LFO). This variation of impulse width is
translated by a spectrum modification, not unlike a waveform change.
Unlike classic analog synthesizers, the Moog Modular V allows you to change the impulse width through not only the
square waveform, but also the sawtooth and triangle. This offers a large number of sonorities on top of the base
signals.
Square waveform
•
100
The triangle could be considered like a much-filtered square signal (thus very soft). It
is very poor in harmonics (impair equally) and will be very useful for creating sub
basses, flute sounds, etc.
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Triangle waveform
•
The sinusoid is the purest waveform of them all. It is composed of a single
fundamental harmonic and produces a very “damper” sound (the tonality of a telephone
is sinusoid). It will be used to reinforce the low frequencies of a bass sound or as a
frequency modulator in order to create harmonics that do not exist in the original
waveforms.
Sinusoid waveform
A frequency modulation (FM) can be created between 2 oscillators by connecting the audio
output from a first sinusoidal oscillator to the modulation input of a second oscillator. On the
Moog Modular V, if you turn the modulation rate ring, you will obtain a sound richer in
harmonics. If you introduce a square or sawtooth signal, the result can be quickly distorted…
but interesting for inharmonic sonorities like bell sounds or special effects for example.
Frequency Modulation
The synchronization of an oscillator on another brings about complex waveforms. If, for
example, you synchronize oscillator2 on oscillator1, oscillator2 will restart another period each
time the first oscillator accomplishes a complete period, even if oscillator2 has not completed a
full period (which signifies that it is not tuned to the same tonality.) The higher you tune
oscillator2, the more you will obtain composite waveforms.
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The complete cycle of a wave form (sawtooth) = one period
Oscillator synchronization: the second is synchronized on the first one
In the image above, oscillator2 is synchronized with the first, and then tuned to a frequency
with double the tonality.
The noise module: the noise signal spectrum possesses all frequencies at the same volume.
For this reason, the noise module is used to create different noises like the imitation of wind or
a breath, or even special effects. White noise is the richest of noises. Pink noise is also
commonly present on synthesizers. It is not as rich in high frequencies as white noise, having
received a low pass filtering.
Also, note that the audio output of the noise can be used as a modulation signal (specially
when it is heavily filtered) to create random cyclic variations.
On pre-cabled synthesizers, the noise module is either integrated into the oscillator, (its audio
output being placed as a complement on top of the wave form outputs) or the mixer directing
the signals to the filter. On the other hand, on modular synthesizers, it is an independent
module.
8.1.2
The filter or VCF
The audio signal generated by an oscillator (the wave form) is generally directed towards a
filter module (Voltage Controlled Filter). It is this module that allows the modeling of the sound
by filtering (by subtraction, explaining the name of this type of synthesis) the harmonics
situated around a cut-off frequency. It can be considered like a sophisticated equalizer, which
reduces, depending on the case, the low or high frequencies of a sound.
The removal of unwanted frequencies from a cut-off frequency is not sudden, but is done
progressively, depending on the filter slope. This filter slope is expressed in dB/octave. The
filters used in classic analog synthesizers have slopes of 24 dB/octave or 12 dB/octave.
The 24 dB/octave offers a more efficient filtering than the 12 dB/octave.
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On the Moog Modular V, you have access to 7 different types of filtering. Let’s have a look at
their respective properties.
The low-pass filter (LPF) deletes the high frequencies from a frequency limit (the famous
cut-off frequency) and only allows mow frequencies to pass. Depending on the setting, we will
hear the sound becoming more or less “brilliant”, or more or less “thick”.
This is the type of filtering that you will commonly find on synthesizers using subtractive
synthesis. It is equally present on analog synthesizers as well as the most recent digital
models.
Low-pass filter
The high-pass filter (HPF), as opposed to the low-pass, eliminates low frequencies and only
allows high frequencies past. The sound will thus become “finer”. It is very useful for removing
redundant low frequencies.
High-pass filter
The band-pass filter (BPF) eliminates the frequencies situated on either side of the cut-off
frequency. Use it to make a certain band of frequencies that you wish to emphasize appear.
This will make the sound more “pinched”.
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Band-pass filter
The band-reject filter (notch) eliminates the frequencies inside a band of frequencies. This
filter is above all else interesting when we want to vary this band of frequencies (with the
“frequency” on the Moog Modular V filters or the modulation of an LFO on this same
parameter). You will thus obtain a sound close to a “phasing” effect.
Band-reject filter
These 4 types of filtering are more often used on analog synthesizers.
The Moog Modular V offers 3 other types of filters, unheard of on synthesizers, but very much
used on high quality mixing consoles or professional equalization modules:
The bell filter amplifies or dampens a frequency band (in function with the gain knob).
Bell filter
The low-shell filter amplifies or dampens the frequencies under the cut-off frequency (with
the action of the gain knob).
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Low-shell filter
The high-shell filter increases or decreases the frequencies above the cut-off frequency (with
the action of the gain knob).
High-shell filter
A second setting completes the cut-off frequency: the resonance. You will also find it under
the terms “emphasis” or “Q” – as a “filtering quality factor”.
The resonance amplifies the frequencies close to the cut-off frequency; the other remaining
frequencies are unchanged (before the cut-off frequency) or diminished (after the cut-off
frequency).
You can increase the rate of resonance by simply turning the resonance knob.
When you increase the resonance, the filter becomes more selective, the cut-off frequency is
amplified, and the sound begins to “whistle”.
With a high level of resonance, the filter will begin to oscillate on its own, producing a sound
close to a sinusoidal waveform. At this stage, the use of a key follow is very important as you
can create a melody by tuning the filter cut-off frequency with the frequency of the oscillators.
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Filter resonance, noted as “Q”
8.1.3
The amplifier or VCA
The amplifier (Voltage Controlled Amplifier) is charged with receiving the audio signal coming
from the filter (or directly the one from the oscillator if it is not filtered) to adjust its volume
with a knob, before the signal is directed to the speakers.
In conclusion, here is a scheme that may help you to understand the composition of a basic
sound:
8.2
8.2.1
COMPLIMENTARY MODULES
The keyboard
If we hold down a key at this stage, the sound you will get from the speaker will be uniform,
without life and without end. In fact, the oscillator delivers a continuous signal (the audio
output of a wave form) of a fixed pitch. In the scheme above, the only means of stopping this
sound that quickly becomes unsupportable is by lowering the filter cut-off frequency so that it
becomes more and more thick until it disappears; or more simply, to lower the volume of the
amplifier.
To trigger and stop this sound, and this, at the tone that we want, we use a keyboard, which
will be connected to the oscillator. This will “play” as soon as a key is pressed and will mute it
as soon as released. Of course, this connection is made through MIDI (it replaces the “gate”
type connection of analog synthesizers, which triggers the sound when the key is pressed and
stops when released).
In the second case, so that the sound is correctly tuned with the keyboard notes, we need to
apply a key follow modulation (replacing the 1Volt/octave control present on most analog
synthesizers).
To play the Moog Modular V with a MIDI keyboard, click on the “trigg in” plug of the output VCA and select the
“keyboard trigger” function. For more detail, see chapter 5 paragraph 1.1.5 “Output Amplifiers (VCA)”. Next select one
of the 4 key follow settings in the display “S1…4,off” on each “Driver” oscillator.
If you don’t have a keyboard, you can play on the Moog Modular V virtual keyboard.
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8.2.2
The envelope generator
The envelope generator, connected to the amplifier, is used to “sculpt” the form of a sound
during a cycle, which begins when we press a note on the keyboard, and ends when we
release.
The most current envelope modules use 4 settings that we can vary:
The Attack is the time that the sound will take to reach its maximum volume once the
key has been pressed on the keyboard.
The Decay is the time that the sound will take to decline after the key is played.
The Sustain is the maximum level of volume that the sound will reach when a key is
pressed.
The Release is the decline time after the key has been released.
The ADSR envelope
On the two VCA of the Moog Modular V, the envelopes include 2 supplementary settings:
The Slope Time is the time of intermediary decline situated after the decay, once a key is
pressed.
The Slope Level is the level of intermediary decline situated after the decay, once a key is
pressed.
The envelope generator can also be used to modulate other settings like the cut-off frequency
of a filter or an oscillator for example.
8.2.3
The low frequency oscillator
The LFO (Low Frequency Oscillator) possesses, among other things, the same characteristics
as classic oscillator but does produce frequencies inferior to 20 Hz. In other terms, you won’t
hear the sound if you connect the audio output of an LFO in an amplifier.
Not being used to produce a sound, it can be used to create a cyclic modulation on the
parameter on which it is connected.
For example: if you connect an LFO to the modulation input of an amplifier, the sound volume
will increase and disappear in an alternate manner depending on the speed (the frequency) of
this LFO. This will create a tremolo effect.
To produce a vibrato effect, simply connect the sinusoid output of an LFO to the modulation
input of an oscillator. The frequency of this oscillator will thus be modulated up and then down.
Finally, try to connect an LFO output to the modulation input of a lightly resonant low-pass
filter and you will obtain a wah-wah effect.
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VCA modulated by a LFO
Now to finish, the scheme of a full synthesizer containing:
3 oscillators (VCO)
1 noise module
1 mixer (mixing the 3 VCO and the noise module towards 2 filters)
2 filters (VCF)
2 amplifiers (VCA, can be placed in stereo with the pan knobs)
3 envelopes (ADSR)
3 LFO
1 keyboard
Synthesizer scheme
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9
A FEW ELEMENTS OF SOUND DESIGN
Here is a series of examples designed to guide you through the creation of a sound and a
sequence. They are classed in order of complexity beginning with the easiest, and are
organized into 4 parts:
The first part will teach you the basics of modular sound synthesis. For this you will go from
the most basic patch (Make a VCO oscillator “ring” in an output VCA amp) to programming a
richer sound (several VCO sources, VCF filters, VCA envelopes…)
The second will help you to use all of the different aspects of the sequencer
The third will show you tips on the creative use of the key follows, triggers and the creation of
a stereophonic sound without using extra chorus and delay effects.
The fourth and last part will guide you through the use of three of the new modules in the
Moog Modular V 2.0: the Bode Shifter, the envelope follower and the Formant Filter.
9.1
9.1.1
MODULAR SOUND SYNTHESIS
Simple patch #1
To begin, we will learn how to program an elementary monophonic sound. It will be composed
of 4 modules:
an oscillator
a low pass filter
an output VCA
the envelope corresponding to the output VCA.
You will thus obtain the base patch of subtractive synthesis.
If you click on one of the “Inv” buttons on the mixer VCAs, this will not change the base tone of the preset but will
invert the signal connected to this VCA. (For example, a descending “sawtooth” signal will become ascending)
In addition, if you apply soft clipping (light distortion) on one of the VCA, the operation will most likely use more CPU
load than before.
The following figure shows the connections for this sound as well as the position of the
different knobs:
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Simple patch #1
To begin, load the “Blank_Synth” preset in the “User” / “Blank”.You will notice that it has
no cable connection and it delivers no sound . This is normal, it is from this preset that you
will program your sounds from scratch.
Choose a sound source on the first oscillator situated in the lower section: take the audio
output of the saw-tooth waveform by clicking on the jack
. This wave form produces
the richest noise signal out of the 5 wave forms proposed. It will be ideal for creating a
“brassy” sound, for example.
Direct the cable to the input of the first filter (“VC Low Pass Filter”) by dragging it to the
“In” jack. This first cable will come confirming the connection.
Now direct the audio output from this filter (“Out” jack) to the (jack “vca in”) input of
“VCA1” (output amplifier). Make sure that the trigg input of the output amplifier (VCA1)
selects “keyboard trigger”
Now play on your MIDI keyboard and you will hear the sound from your first patch.
We recommend that you save it as it is as it will come in useful for programming basic bass or
lead sounds. (See the “saving a sound” chapter)
Turn the filter cut-off frequency button progressively to the left to change the brilliance of the sound. It will become
increasingly “soft”.
9.1.2
Simple patch #2
The sound of your first patch may seem a little empty. Here is how to make the sound more
interesting and “fatter”. This patch will use:
2 oscillators
1 low pass filter
1 output VCA
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1 envelope
1 LFO
It will more or less constitute the classic composition of a basic synthesizer.
You will be able to regularly reuse this patch, don’t erase it.
Patch #2 complete
For more clarity, reuse the “Blank” preset.
As previously, connect the “saw” output of oscillator1 to the first mixer VCA input. Next,
connect the oscillator2 “saw” waveform to the second VCA.
Connection of oscillators to mixer
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Create a link between these 2 VCA by clicking on the “link” button situated between the
first and second VCA. This will allow you to mix these 2 sources before directing them
towards the audio input of filter1.
Click on the link button to create a link between the 2 VCA
To connect the audio output coming from the 2 mixed VCA to the filter1 input, drag a cable
from the first VCA “out” to the filter1 “in”.
Link towards filter1
As was the case with the previous patch, direct the filter output towards the audio input of
the output VCA 1.
Now increase the volume of these 2 VCA (volume knobs) so as to hear the sound coming
from the 2 oscillators.
Setting of the volume of the 2 mixer VCA
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To give more life to your sound, click on the “frequency” knob on the first oscillator with
the right click of the mouse (“Fine tune” position) then lightly turn towards the right (to
increase the height of its tone) or the left (to decrease it). You will thus progressively hear
a beating resulting from the light difference in tuning of the 2 oscillators. This beat will
create a chorus effect, which will give more life and “warmth”.
Detuning of oscillator1
Hone this sound by applying light cyclic variations on the filter cut-off frequency. Choose,
for example, the “Sin” output of LFO1 and direct it to the first modulation input (“Mod In”)
of filter1. Click again on this jack and lightly turn it towards the right (to 2 o’clock for
example). This will dose the modulation input to the cut-off. Finally, lower the cut-off
frequency to hear the oscillation of the sound.
Connection of LFO to filter1
Turn the resonance button to the right to create a supplementary “brilliance” that is very “electronic” in your sound.
By increasing the oscillation speed of LFO1 (“frequency” button), you will thus obtain a typical 70’s “wah-wah” effect.
9.1.3
Complex patch #1
Let’s continue with a more complex sound using:
3 oscillators
the mixer
2 low pass filters
2 VCA
2 envelopes (1 on each filter)
2 LFO
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This sound will be polyphonic and constitute a good example of accompaniments with subtle
stereo evolutions.
The complete patch
For the conception of this sound, you can complete the previous patch.
Start by clicking on the “link” button between the second and third mixer VCA to create the
link between these 3 VCA.
Then, on this third slice, connect the audio output of the square waveform of the third
oscillator.
Notice that filter1 is still connected to the audio output of the first slice of the mixer. As a
result, it now receives the signals coming from the 3 oscillators.
Again, drag a cable from this same slice towards filter2. This of course was not possible on
the original synthesizer, but here, we can have several connections from the same output.
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Connection towards the second filter
Change the second filter type: for example, select the 12 dB multi-mode filter by clicking
on the button on the top left of the module.
Choose the low pass mode. Its filtering characteristics allow us to obtain a different color
from the other filter (a 24 dB band-pass). This will be very useful for the creation of
interesting stereo effects for your accompaniment sound.
Connect the audio output of this filter to the input of the second output VCA and turn the
pan buttons of VCA1 to 9 o’clock and those of VCA2 to 3 o’clock to widen the stereo field.
The connections to the two VCA
You make your sound fuller, lightly detune the frequencies of the 3 oscillators by turning
their respective “Fine Tune” buttons (by clicking with the right mouse button) to create a
chorus effect.
Connect the envelope1 output to the first modulation input of filter1. Click again on the
jack and turn it lightly (to 2 o’clock for example) towards the right. This will dose the
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modulation input directed towards the cut-off. Do the same thing on filter2 using
envelope2.
If you do not hear the sound, make sure with a right click on the “trigg” inputs of these 2
envelopes that “keyboard trigger” has been selected.
Apply light cyclic variations on the filter1 cut-off frequency. Choose the “Sin” output of
LFO1 and direct it to the first modulation input of filter1. Lightly turn the jack to the right
(to 2 o’clock for example), this will dose the modulation input directed towards the cut-off.
Lower the cut-off frequency to clearly hear the oscillation of the sound.
Do the same thing with filter2 by choosing the triangular waveform of LFO1. To create
subtle evolutions of stereo sound, turn the modulation jack ring in the opposite direction of
filter1.
LFO1 to the filters link
If you wish to change the LFO oscillation speed, simply turn the “Frequency” button.
You can also create light fluctuations in the change of speed of LFO1. For this, connect the
LFO2
output to the “FM” input (Frequency Modulation) of LFO1. Turn the jack ring to
dose the modulation. The evolution of the 2 filters will be less linear.
An accompaniment sound has a fairly slow attack, set the 2 VCA envelopes so that the
sound appears more slowly when you press the keys of your keyboard. Turn the 2 attack
buttons (“Attack” — A) to the right: set them to 2 seconds for example.
Hone the setting of these envelopes by prolonging the decay of the sound: turn the 2
release buttons (“Release” — R) lightly increasing them (to 500 millisecond for example)
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The setting of the VCA envelopes
9.1.4
Complex patch #2
This fourth example will let you go a little further in the approach of different types of
modulations. It contains:
4
1
3
2
3
3
oscillators (the second being in “synchro” mode with the third)
white noise
filters (1 LP, 1 HP & 1 BP)
VCA (in stereo)
auxiliary envelopes
LFO (the 2 principal LFO + 1 low frequency)
This sound is stereo and uses delay and chorus effects. It can be as easily used in monophonic
and polyphonic mode to create a very expressive ambient sound.
The complete patch
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For this example, we recommend that you start over with the patch #2 base.
Successively connect the outputs of the waveforms
inputs 3 and 4 of the mixer.
of oscillators 3 and 4 to the VCA
Set the “Range” of oscillator 3 to 16. It will play 1 octave upper than the 3 others
Connect the white noise output to the third filter and choose the third type of filter on this
(the Filter Coupler). It will be very useful in creating a resonance particular to white noise.
For this set it to Band Pass mode.
Connect the audio output of this filter to the audio input of the fifth mixer VCA.
Connect envelope1 to one of the filter3 modulation inputs and set the modulation level to
your liking.
Increase the attack time of the envelope to 2 o’clock in order to make the sound
progressively appear in the global sound.
Now let’s make another modulation appear given by the
of LFO2 which will be
provoked by the aftertouch. For this, connect the “Tri” output of this LFO to the sixth audio
input of the mixer.
Connect the “Aftertouch” output to the “Mod” input of this same slice, and direct its output
to the second “Mod” input of filters1 & 2, without forgetting to increase the 2 modulation
levels.
The white noise module connected to the band pass filter
Set the third filter output towards the fifth slice of the mixer and link slices 3, 4 and 5 to
direct them towards the first and second filters.
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The mixing
On the fourth oscillator, set the “synchro” mode to “ON” and to “Hard” type. Then, turn the
“frequency” button to find the color and height of the sound that you like. This will also be
modulated by a third LFO (for this take the “Sin” output of oscillator 7 and set it to “Low”
mode so that it acts as a LFO).
To save on CPU load, also click on the “Key F” (for Key Follow) button to deactivate the
keyboard connection mode. The frequency will thus be fixed.
and
on the first 3 oscillators by connecting the
Modify the waveform width for
triangle output of LFO2 to the impulse modulation input (“PWM”) of the first “driver”
oscillator. This will add new harmonic colors typical of analog synthesizers. Set the Pulse
Width knob value towards the middle so that the sound does not disappear when the pulse
width is at 10% (equivalent to the closed position of this knob).
Manual pulse width setting
Set the resonance button of the first 2 filters to 9 o’clock and connect the “Sin” wave forms
of LFO1 to one of their modulation inputs.
Next set the 2 modulation levels and the LFO speed to your liking.
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Finally, set the 2 output VCA envelopes as you wish, while trying to keep the same values
on the 2 envelopes.
If you apply several modulations provoked by the different LFOs and on different destinations (filter “Cutoff”, FM,
PWM etc…), try to vary the different levels of modulation in order to create as many different variations in the
evolution of the final sound. This is one of the strongest points of modular synthesizer.
9.2
9.2.1
THE SEQUENCER
Sequence #1
Now let’s take a more detailed look at the use of the sequencer. We’ll start by creating a
simple sequence of notes with an oscillator. Take, for example, patch #1 from this chapter as
the starting point.
At the bottom of the first “Driver” oscillator, click once on the sequence display (situated
next to the one for the key follows): the display indicates “S1”. This activates the
connection towards the first line of sequence on the sequencer.
Connection of the “driver” oscillator to the first sequence line
Select the “Seq Trig” output by clicking on the “Trig” input of VCA1.
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Selection of Sequencer trigger
Now move to the second screen and click on the “ON” button situated in the “Oscillator”
module. The sequencer starts up but you only hear the same pitch for all the steps. This is
normal.
Start the sequencer
Set each knob corresponding to the first sequencer line (the one to which the sequencer
oscillator had been directed). You can now hear a melody.
Set the knobs of the first line of sequence
Set the impulse width of the square signal of the sequencer oscillator with the “Length”
knob. This will vary the length of the notes played.
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Set the “Length” knob
To stop the sequencer click on the “OFF” button.
Sequence1
9.2.2
Sequence #2
Now let’s see how to use the different combinations between knobs (by lines or columns to
create 8, 16 or 24 step sequences). This will allow you to quickly have very different sequence
lines available which although different will harmonize perfectly together. We will also look at
the possibilities for the creation of ternary sequences (for example: 6, 12 or 18 steps).
To begin, reuse the previous sequence...
Click 4 times on the sequence display at the bottom of the first “Driver” oscillator (the
display indicates “S4”). This will connect the latter to the fourth sequence output. This will
allow us to create knob line or column combinations.
Select the “L1-2” function on the line selector on the right of the sequencer. Once you have
created a melody on the second line, you will alternately hear the melodies played by these
two lines.
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Select the function “L1-2”
Do the same thing for the third line. To hear it, select “L1-2-3” and try the other selections
and the columns (3 knobs per column) by activating “C1-2-3”. With the “Al” position, the
playing will be done randomly between each line and column.
Now let’s look at the creation of ternary sequences. For this, choose step 1 on the “Next”
step selector of the seventh line. This will force the sequence to reset at the sixth column.
You will thus have a 6 times sequence which can be synchronized with the MIDI tempo of
the host sequencer (VST for example).
Choose step 1 on the seventh line
We can now go much further by moving the sixth time towards the eighth column. For this,
return to the initial order of the sequence (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 1) and set the eighth “Next”
selector to 3. This time the sequence limits will be moved three steps forward all while
producing the same number of steps.
Try playing on 12 and then 18 steps choosing the “L1-2” and “L1-2-3” functions or by
column (“C1-2-3” etc…) or randomly with the “Al” position. The sequence playing will
always be ternary all while creating multiple variations on the melody.
Now try to “force” the trigger of a step by clicking on the “ON” button underneath. The
sequence will interrupt its course and continue from this one. This is interesting for creating
other types of sequences.
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“Force” the triggering of a step
You can also “trigger” one of these steps using a MIDI keyboard by selecting “Keyboard
Trigger” on the “Trigg” output above the “ON” button. The sequence will be triggered when
you press one of the notes. In the same manner, you can switch lines or columns by
selecting the same function on the “Trigg” “Chain” output.
Select “Keyboard trigger” on the “Trigg” output
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Sequence 2 complete
9.2.3
Sequence #3
Reuse again the melodic sequence #1 and complete it by adding another type of modulation.
For example, make a variation on the opening frequency of filter1 (“frequency”), which will be
managed by the second line of knobs. Then the third line on a second VCO and finally the
fourth on the opening frequency of filter2.
Connect the square of the fourth oscillator (in order to create a second melodic sequence,
different from the first) to the audio input of filter2 and choose the “Low Pass Filter” type
for this filter.
Place filter 1 on the “S2” output of the sequencer: click several times in the small display at
the bottom of the module to show its characters.
Filter1 on the “S2” sequencer output
Place the second “driver” on the “S3” sequencer output.
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Now connect the L4 sequencer output (at the bottom of the section) to the first modulation
input of filter2. You can also try a positive or negative value.
Select the “Seq Trig” output by clicking on the “Trig” input of VCA2 and separate the knobs
of the 2 VCA in order to create an evolving stereo sequence.
Move to the second section, click on the sequencer “on” button and set the 2 knobs lines
corresponding to filter1 and VCO4. Finally, choose the type of sequence chaining with the
fourth column.
If you wish to add a little “portamento” to a melodic line, turn the “Smooth” knob
corresponding to your sequence line.
Turn the “Smooth” knob
to complete the evolution of the sound in stereo, you can apply modulations to the cut-off
frequencies of the 2 filters using a LFO. To make this effect more apparent, turn the level
of the modulation input of filter1 to the left (negative value) and of filter2 to the right
(positive value). By applying a slow rotation speed to the LFO, you will get the linking of
the 2 sequences in stereo space, brought about by the opening of the 2 cut-off frequencies.
9.3
9.3.1
BONUS FEATURES
Creative use of key follows
The Moog Modular V provides you with settings for 4 independent key follows. These key
follows are mainly used to tune the oscillators in relation to the keyboard range but can also be
used for different applications.
Try, on a filter1 cut-off frequency, opening (click several times on the key follow display
situated at the bottom of the filter to select the “K2” key follow). It will become
increasingly brilliant when the height is increased of the follow slope is positive and the
contrary if it is negative.
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Click several times on the key follow display
You can also try another type of VCA control, PWM, oscillator fine tune, LFO speed… by
selecting one of the 4 key follows in one of the modulation inputs.
Connection of the PWM to the key follow input 1 (key follow1)
Now move to the second screen to set the slope and the notes that will separate the key
follow actions. For this example, choose key follow #1.
Turn knob “k. follow slope 1” to determine the slope of this key follow. The more you
increase the value, the more important the slope and the faster the opening of the filter will
be performed when the keyboard range is played.
Setting of the key follow slope
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To obtain an inverted slope (the higher you go in the scale on your keyboard, the faster the
filter will close), connect the key follow1 output to the filter modulation input and turn the
modulation jack ring counter clockwise.
Turn the modulation jack ring counter clockwise.
Each of the key follows also allows the generation of a trigger signal when the selected
note is between 2 limits. Because of this, certain envelopes can be triggered in function of
notes or particular sections of the keyboard.
Setting the limits for the key follows
9.3.2
Creative use of triggers and trigger delays
All of the Moog Modular V envelopes are triggered by specific signals. These signals can be
generated by the keyboard (note On, note Off), by each of the 4 key follows, by the sequencer
or by the trigger delay module.
Simply click on the trigg “in” plug on the envelope to choose a trigger mode.
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Click on the trigg “in” plug on the envelope
Generally the envelope is triggered by the keyboard. The use of a trigger delay allows you
to make the modulation appear after a determined time, as long as the note is still active.
You will obtain a different sound depending on the length of the note.
Choose the “dual trigger” option on the envelope
The starting and stopping of the sequencer can also be done using a trigger signal.
Triggered by the keyboard the sequencer is initialized on every On note. You will obtain
trigger synchronization by playing the MIDI keyboard. Triggered by a particular note, the
sequencer can appear only after an introduction for example.
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Sequencer startup through a MIDI keyboard
9.3.3
Stereo without the effects
Obtaining a stereo sound comes down to treating 2 independent channels. Each of the output
VCA is positioned in stereo space using the “pan” knob.
Set the VCA1 “pan” to the left, and the VCA2 to the right to create 2 independent channels
needed for convincing stereo.
Setting the output VCA panoramic
Connecting a different oscillator to each of the VCA allows you to obtain a very wide space.
To make it evolve, apply a light detuning to one of the oscillators using a LFO or an
envelope. The sound will seem like it’s turning in space, or in the second case, passing
from one point to another.
To keep the stereo space very wide, it is essential to keep the 2 channels independent. Il It
is thus necessary to use a filter for each of them. These filters can then be modulated in an
identical manner, or differently without interfering with the stereo space.
For a right to left movement, you can also modulate the output VCA with an auxiliary
envelope, once connected, set the modulation level to a positive value for one and negative
for the other.
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Connection of an auxiliary envelope for the output VCA
These patches, you will have noticed have very different levels of difficulty. We hope that they
will have allowed you to see some of the possibilities that the Moog Modular V has to offer. But
don’t hesitate in testing the programming yourself, this is how we learn and progress and
develop more originality.
9.4
9.4.1
USING THE NEW
MOOG MODULAR V 2.0 MODULES
The Bode Frequency Shifter
The Bode Frequency Shifter was certainly one of the most coveted modules while at the same
time one of the least known in the Moog galaxy. There were around 10 sold across the world.
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The bode Shifter module
It allows the creation of a huge number of unique sounds, which we will see, in the two
following examples:
9.4.1.1
More stereo width
Obtain more stereo width by slightly dephasing the pitch of the sound. Take as an example the
preset “Bode_Bass” (in the “Factory” bank).
For this very simple preset, we will use an oscillator where the “sawtooth” signal will be
directed straight to the Bode Frequency Shifter audio in.
The A and B outputs on the Bode Frequency Shifter are directed towards the inputs for
VCA1 and 2. The panoramic knobs are turned to the left for VCA1 and to the right for VCA2
to obtain a stereo sound.
The main tuning frequency on the Bode Shifter is placed at 0.000 Hz (“amount of shift”
knob centered). The “Scale” setting is placed to position “5” (the variations in height are
very weak). Also, leave the “Mixture” setting at the center (it won’t be used in this
example)
A slow modulation is applied to the Bode Shifter frequency thanks to the sine signal of a
LFO.
The modulation phase being inverted on outputs A and B, you obtain a very natural dephasing
between the left and right signals.
This effect could be compared to a short reverberation effect if the modulation rate is weak or
“chorus” if we increase the modulation rate.
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The “Bode-Bass” patch
9.4.1.2
Electronic percussion sequence
For this example we will use the sequencer to create a simple melody with the Bode
Shifter. Sequence lines 1 and 2 will modulate the height of the Bode frequency (”
Frequency shifter modulation”).
Take the preset “Sequences” > “Bode_Seq” in the “Factory” bank. The composition of
modules is about the same as the previous example. A low pass 24dB filter has been added
to filter undesirable high-pitched harmonics as output from the Bode Shifter.
The first two sequencer lines modulate two Bode Shifter modulation inputs (the first at a
value of 0.3247 and the second at – 0.4588). The two sequences complement one another
setting the “amount of shift” parameter.
The Bode Shifter possesses a sound close to a Ring Modulator; the resulting sound is
slightly metallic. We can direct the signal to a low pass filter (LP filter 24 dB) to dampen
certain high frequencies.
It is also possible to use a waveform that is not as rich in harmonics on the oscillator (the triangle, for example) if
we don’t want to filter the sound coming from the Bode Shifter.
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The “Bode_Seq” patch
We are not obliged to use a sequencer as source of frequency modulation for the Bode Shifter.
More subtle modifications are also possible with a LFO or a key follow.
9.4.2
The Envelope Follower
The envelope follower is a module favored by aficionados of modular synthesizers with the goal
of modulating the envelope with an external signal. (A drum line is very appropriate for this
type of use.) The result: obtain a complex envelope following the evolution of an audio signal.
It is also possible to connect any other source of modulation to the envelope follow input: An
envelope for example. The course of the latter can be modified with the envelope follower
parameters.
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The “envelope follower” module
Let’s have a closer look at these two situations:
9.4.2.1
Trig by an external audio source.
In the first case, the Moog Modular V will be used as a VST insert effect for an audio track in
Cubase SX.
If you don’t have Cubase, know that the procedure remains globally the same for any other
sequencer.
Firstly, place a sample (preferably a drum loop) on an audio track on the sequencer.
Open a VST “Insert” effect on this track by choosing “Moog Modular V2 FX”.
On a MIDI track, choose the Moog Modular V2 FX as MIDI control output. It will thus be
controlled by your master keyboard or by a sequence recorded in the arrangement. This
point is essential for generating the sound of the Moog Modular V.
It is also possible to create a continuous note (hold) so that the Moog signal doesn’t stop. For this, set the
“Release” knob on the VCA1 envelope fully to the right (in the direction of the hands of a clock).
On the Moog, choose the “EFX/ Ext_In” preset in the “Factory” bank. The “Ext Left” audio
in (on the lower section) is connected to the envelope follower audio in. This indicates that
the audio signal will guide the envelope.
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The “Ext_In” preset
This module will be used to modulate the low pass filter frequency (LP Filter 24 dB). After
“opening” the modulation rate, the filter cut-off frequency will be modified by the dynamic
evolutions of the audio signal when the Moog is played through MIDI.
You can modify the curve of the envelope with the “Time Follower” setting situated under
the “Threshold” knob.
9.4.2.2
Create your LFO form
Here we will see how you can create your own complex LFO waveform.
Use the preset “Pads / Env_Follow” in the “Factory” bank. It has two oscillators as sound
source, a low pass filter (LP Filter 24dB), an envelope follower and 3 oscillators (two sine
and one sawtooth) which are used as a base for creating a complex wave form that will
modulate the filter cut-off frequency.
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The preset “Pads / Env_Follow”
To modify this wave form, we will connect the result of the mixing of the 3 oscillators as
source of modulation to the input of the envelope follower. Click on the audio out of the
first VCA (going from the left).
Turn the “Time Follower” knob (below the “Threshold” knob) to modify the amplitude.
9.4.3
The sample and hold
The Moog sample and hold module was only introduced on the last modular systems (1974). It
is widely used for the creation of random modulations (the famous sounds from R2D2 in Star
Wars were created in this manner).
It can also be used for more rhythmic cyclic modulations.
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The sample and hold module
Here we will look at creating a random modulation.
Use the “Pads / Slow_SH” preset from the “Factory” bank for this example. It is made up of
3 oscillators, a low pass filter (LP Filter 24dB), a noise module and a Sample and Hold.
The “Slow_SH_Pad” preset
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The pink noise output is filtered by a low pass filter (6 dB/oct) and directed to the sample &
hold audio in. The audio out of the latter is connected to one of the 3 cut-off frequency
modulation inputs of the low pass filter.
The result is random changes to the filter cut-off frequency.
Now set the modulation rate by turning the “Clock rate” knob on the Sample and Hold
module.
By setting the filter cut-off frequency on the “Noise” module, the high-pitched
frequencies will be filtered. The variations in modulation will be “softened” in this
manner.
By using the “Glide” knob on the “Sample and Hold” module, these modulation If you want
to soften these variations there are two solutions:
variations will be smoother.
The new modules included with the Moog Modular V 2.0 will add a large number of editing
possibilities. They were difficult to create (impossible in some cases) before. Don’t hesitate to
experiment in new editing methods.
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10
USING THE MOOG MODULAR V IN DIFFERENT MODES
10.1 STAND-ALONE
The Moog Modular V application can be used as an instrument independent of a sequencer or
other host application (stand alone mode). It allows you to open one instrument, and to play it
with a master MIDI keyboard.
10.1.1 Launching the application
To launch the Moog Modular V application from Windows, go to Start > Arturia > Moog
Modular V 2 and choose Moog Modular V 2.
On Mac OS X, open the Applications folder, go to Arturia Moog Modular V 2 and doubleclick on the Moog Modular V 2 application icon.
10.1.2 Configuration of an instrument: the tool bar
The instrument has a menu/tool bar allowing the setting of MIDI event input routing, and the
output of the sound.
The tool bar on Windows
10.1.2.1 Configuring Audio and MIDI
Clicking on the “Settings” button shows this dialog box:
Here you can:
• Set the audio output port
• Set the audio input port (used for the external input)
• Choose one, or several, active midi input port(s)
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10.1.2.2 Configuring Knob Mode
This combo box sets how the knobs respond to mouse movements: either in “Circular” mode
(you have to turn around them with the mouse) or in easier “Linear” mode (moving the mouse
vertically rotates the knobs).
10.1.2.3 Panic
There are times when the software can not receive a MIDI note off message from a controller.
The PANIC button will send a MIDI message to the instrument to cut off all notes that haven’t
stopped.
Click on the “Panic” button to solve this problem.
10.1.2.4 Information on rate of processor use
The processor usage gauge lets you monitor the processor power dedicated to sound synthesis
in real time. This gauge is directly visible in the instruments tool bar.
Attention: this information only corresponds to the processor load dedicated to sound synthesis, it is therefore inferior
to the global system load.
10.2 USING YOUR PLUG-IN IN A HOST
10.2.1 MIDI connection
Before using your plug-in with a host, please check that the MIDI connection between your
computer and the MIDI device is operational. It can be verified by playing in Standalone mode
with the appropriate direct MIDI routing to the application.
There is an alternative way to check the MIDI connection: On Windows, the MIDIOx software can be use to see the
MIDI Data travelling on your devices. On Macintosh: MIDI Monitor
10.2.2 Saving preset
When the session is recorded, the state of the Moog Modular V is recorded as is, even if the
programming does not correspond to any preset. For example, if you were working on preset
“P1” on which you had modified the parameters (without having saved them under the name
“P2”), the next time the song is opened, the Moog Modular V will load preset “P1” with the
modifications.
The drop down menu offered by the VST sequencer to save plug-in settings can of course be
used with the Moog Modular V. Nevertheless, it is strongly recommended that you use the
internal Moog Modular V menu: the presets saved in this manner can be used in any other
mode (standalone or other sequencer), and can be exported as a unique file.
10.2.3 Automation
Automation works with the Moog Modular V as like any other VST plug-in (refer to the VST
sequencer documentation for more information on the automation of plug-ins). Preset
changing (and therefore cable changing) cannot be automated.
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10.3 VST™
10.3.1 Cubase™
10.3.1.1
Check plug-in setup
Opening the Moog Modular V2 VST plug-in is done like any other VST plug-in, please consult
the user manual of the host sequencer for more information. For Cubase 5, open the menu
“Devices / VST Instruments”, and choose Moog Modular V 2 in the rack:
Opening the Moog Modular V in Cubase 5 on PC
So that the Moog Modular V can play the information coming from a MIDI track, you must
choose a MIDI track and select the Moog Modular V as the MIDI output for this track using the
menu in Cubase which is used for this:
Connection of a MIDI track to the Moog Modular V
The events played on a MIDI keyboard are then transmitted by your sequencer to the Moog
Modular V. It is of course possible to record these MIDI events, and use all of the sequencers
MIDI editing possibilities.
10.3.1.2
Insert an Instrument Track
You can also create an instance of the Moog Modular V instrument by creating an Instrument
Track in Cubase. Simply right/command click in the track listing of the project and select “Add
Instrument Track”
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The Instrument selection dialog will appear, where you can select the Moog Modular V2.
Once created, the routing of the default MIDI input to the Moog Modular V is set for that track.
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10.3.1.3
Opening the instrument
To open the Moog Modular, please click on the little Keyboard logo located below the
instrument track output as shown on the picture:
10.3.2 Ableton Live™
10.3.2.1
Check plug-in setup
Opening the Moog Modular V plug-in is done like any other plug-in, please consult the user
manual of the host sequencer for more information.
In Live > Preferences > File Folders, please check that the Audio Unit and VST boxes are
active as display below:
Set the VST folder for Ableton Live
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10.3.2.2
Insert an Instrument Track
To insert an instrument track, open the left sided folder. All your plug-in devices are listed as
below. Then, double-click on your Instrument will create a MIDI track which include your Moog
Modular.
List of the Plug-in devices
10.3.2.3
Opening the instrument
To open your instrument, display the Live’s Detail view by double-clicking on the MIDI track or
press [Cmd]+[Alt]+L on Mac, or [AltGr]+L on Windows. The detail view shows you the device
and an assignable X–Y control pad:
Ableton Live detail view
The first button is an On/Off Switch for the VST, the second one is to define the parameters of
the instrument, and the third is to open the Moog Modular window.
The three buttons
Ableton Live is able to use your instrument in VST mode and Audio Unit mode if you work on a Macintosh. The text
above works for both.
10.3.3 Sonar™
10.3.3.1
Insert an Instrument Track
To insert a track in your project click on Insert > Virtual synths, then choose your Moog
Modular V.
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The program will ask you for Track option, press OK or make your own configurations.
10.3.3.2
Opening the instrument
To open your Virtual Moog Modular, please double-click on the MIDI logo on your MIDI track as
below:
10.4 AUDIO UNIT
10.4.1 Logic Studio™
10.4.1.1
Check Plug-in setup
Opening the Moog Modular V plug-in is done like any other plug-in, please consult the user
manual of the host sequencer for more information.
In order to check the good setup of your Audio Unit, go to Logic > Preferences > Audio Unit
Manager.
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Go to Audio Units Manager
The Audio Units Manager gives information about all the plug-in detected by Logic. Please
scroll to the Moog Modular V 2 and check that the Logic box is ticked:
Audio Units list
You are now ready to create a new instrument track.
10.4.1.2
Insert an Instrument Track
To insert an Audio Unit track please proceed that way: click on the ‘+’ logo next to Global
Tracks as below:
On the popup Windows please choose ‘Software Instrument’ and press ‘Create’.
You Logic project now contains an empty MIDI track. To assign a Moog Modular to it click on
the Grey field above the track output (Out 1-2):
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Grey field
Then click and select AU Instruments > Arturia > Moog Modular V 2 > Stereo.
10.4.1.3
Opening the instrument
In order to open the Moog Modular you must click on the previous grey field now replaced by
the Moog Modular:
Open the Instrument
You setup is now functional and your Moog Modular is ready to be played.
10.4.2 Digital Performer™
10.4.2.1
Insert an Instrument Track
Opening the Moog Modular V plug-in is done like any other plug-in, please consult the user
manual of the host sequencer for more information.
To insert an instrument track, click on Project > Add Track > Instrument Track then choose
the Moog Modular V.
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Insert an instrument track
10.4.2.2
Connection to a MIDI track
So that the Moog Modular V can play the information coming from a MIDI track, you must
choose a MIDI track and select the Moog Modular V as the MIDI output for this track, using the
adequate menu in Digital Performer:
Connecting a MIDI track to the Moog Modular V
The events played on a MIDI keyboard are then transmitted by your Digital Performer to the
Moog Modular V. It is of course possible to record these MIDI events, and use all of the Digital
Performer MIDI editing possibilities.
10.4.2.3
Opening the instrument
To open your virtual instrument double-click the field you have just filled:
Open the Moog Modular
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10.5 PRO TOOLS™ (RTAS)
10.5.1.1
Installation
During the initial installation, select Install as a RTAS/HTDM plug-in.
Then, when you are asked, indicate the folder in which the other RTAS and HTDM plug-ins are
placed. Generally the path is:
Mac OS X:
Library\Application Support\DigiDesign\Plug-Ins
Windows:
C:\Program Files\Digidesign\DAE\Plug-Ins
If your system can or cannot use the HTDM plug-ins or not (see the next section), the
installation is the same.
10.5.1.2
The RTAS and HTDM standards
The Moog Modular V can run with the audio Digidesign Audio Engine (DAE) in two ways:
As a RTAS plug-in (Real Time Audio Suite): all of the Pro Tools systems are compatible
with this standard: the audio treatment is realized entirely by the central unit, and does
not require any specific extension card (TDM system type). On the TDM systems, the
RTAS plug-ins can only be loaded on an audio track before the TDM plug-ins. They can
only be loaded on an Aux Input or a Master Fader.
As a HTDM plug-in (Host Time Division Multiplexing):only the TDM systems (with at
least one extension card) under Mac OS Classic and X can use these plug-ins (refer to
Digidesign for the future HTDM compatibility with Windows). The latter work exactly like
TDM plug-ins (no limitations in the insertion positions, etc…), with the difference that in
this case, the heart of the treatment is realized by the central unit, and not by the
extension cards. The advantage of this standard is the subtlety of TDM, and this,
loading at least the DSP of the cards.
Recap on the compatibilities:
TDM System
Other Systems
(Pro Tools LE, Free)
10.5.1.3
Mac OS X
RTAS and HTDM
(stereo in/stereo out)
RTAS (mono in/stereo out and
stereo in/stereo out)
2000/XP/Vista
RTAS
(stereo in/stereo out)
RTAS (mono in/stereo out and
stereo in/stereo out)
Insert instrument track
Access to the Moog Modular V plug-in is done like any other plug-in, through for example an
audio track insert. To create a new instrument track, click on Track > New track > Instrument
track (please set it up as a stereo track) as below:
Add a track
Once this is done you will need to insert the Moog Modular as an Insert, so to do it click on
Window > Mix View, the window shows the empty instrument track with its Inserts field.
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Click on an Insert field and select Multichannel plug-in > Instrument > Moog Modular V2.
The image below shows the different steps:
Insert the Moog Modular V2.6
To open you instrument click on the same Insert area:
Open the RTAS plug-in
Pro Tools is now ready to play the Moog Modular V2.
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MOOG MODULAR V2.6
END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT
In consideration of payment of the Licensee fee, which is a portion of the price you paid,
Arturia, as Licensor, grants to you (hereinafter termed “Licensee”) a nonexclusive right to use
this copy of the Moog Modular V2.5 program (hereinafter the “SOFTWARE”).
All intellectual property rights in the software belong to Arturia SA (hereinafter: “Arturia”).
Arturia permits you only to copy, download, install and use the software in accordance with the
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The product contains product activation for protection against unlawful copying. This system is
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