ProLine
Item No.
#2012 (12V)
#2012-4 (24V)
#2012-8 (48V)
ProLine™ 5,000 Watt
DC to AC Power Inverter
User’s Manual
™
ProLine™ 5,000 Watt DC to AC Inverter by Wagan Tech
®
Thank you for purchasing the ProLine™ 5,000W Power Inverter by Wagan Tech ®.
With minimal care and proper treatment it will provide years of reliable service.
Carefully read, understand and comply with all instructions before use. Keep this
manual for future reference.
ABOUT THIS INVERTER
This power inverter converts direct current (DC) to alternating household current
(AC). This inverter operates from a DC power source only. The level of direct current
allowed by this inverter varies by model. Please refer to the chart below:
Item No. 2012
Item No. 2012-4
Item No. 2012-8
12V DC Input
24V DC Input
48V DC Input
This inverter easily powers TV, DVD players, microwave ovens, refrigerators, and
small air conditioners. It also operates at the highest efficiency (up to 90%) that
results in longer run times and extended battery life compared to other inverters with
this level of power output.
This inverter has the highest surge capability in its class. Superior surge capability
allows the inverter to start most difficult motorized loads. Advanced microprocessorcontrolled circuits run cooler and are more reliable than competing units.
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS:
• Keep the inverter away from any direct heat source or combustible
materials or gases.
• Keep well ventilated—this device generates heat.
• Do not continuously operate your inverter at more than its rated
output wattage.
• Reversed DC polarity will damage the inverter and void the warranty.
• Do not connect the inverter to any other power source, including any AC
power source. These actions will damage this inverter.
• There are no user serviceable parts inside this inverter
LOAD CONSIDERATIONS
As an appliance motor starts, it requires a momentary surge of power called
“starting load” or “peak load”. Once started, that appliance needs less power to
operate. This is called the “continuous load”. It is important to know starting loads
and continuous loads of appliances that are to be powered by this inverter.
Appliance power is rated in watts. This information is usually stamped or printed on
most AC appliances and equipment. In some cases, a tool will be rated in amperes.
To convert amps to watts, multiply: AMPS × 115 (AC voltage) = WATTS. This formula
yields an approximation of the continuous wattage load of that appliance.
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The starting load of an appliance is a major factor of whether an inverter can power
it. Starting load is momentary. With many appliances, it is approximately twice the
continuous load. However, some appliance starting loads can be as high as eight
times the continuous load. To determine if an appliance or tool will operate with this
inverter, run a test. This inverter is will automatically shut down in the event of an
overload, so there is no danger of damaging either the inverter or the equipment.
All Modified Sine Wave (MSW) inverters may not properly operate some appliances
with either speed control features or dimmer controls. Some appliance GFCI power
cords will not operate properly while powered by MSW inverters. Trial operation is
the only way to know for sure.
WARNING: THE INVERTER OUTPUT CAN BE LETHAL. IMPROPER USE OF THIS
INVERTER MAY RESULT IN PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY OR LOSS OF LIFE.
FRONT PANEL
The Front Panel view shows the inverter’s ON/OFF Switch, Indicators, direct wiring
High Current Terminals, four AC Outlets and optional Remote Switch Connector.
Bar Graph
Displays
AC OUTPUTS
Over Temp
LED
Four 115V
AC Outlets
BATTERY
OVER TEMP
ON
OVERLOAD
OFF
ON/OFF
Switch
VOLTS
AMPS
MAX. 1500W
per outlet
Overload
LED
1
2
3
Remote
ON/OFF
Switch
Connection
High Output
Terminals
ON/OFF SWITCH
This switch turns the inverter ON and OFF.
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ProLine™ 5,000 Watt DC to AC Inverter by Wagan Tech
®
OVER TEMP LED
This indicator turns RED as the inverter shuts down because of excessive
temperature. Immediately turn off appliances if this occurs. Allow the inverter to cool
before continuing. Internal high-speed cooling fans automatically turn on when the
inverter is switched on to provide instant cooling. The inverter may overheat when it
is being used in a location that does not allow for adequate ventilation.
OVERLOAD LED
This indicator turns RED as the inverter shuts down from an overload condition.
Immediately turn off some appliances to reduce the load. If the continuous combined
power requirement of appliances exceeds the inverters continuous rating, the inverter
will overload. Sometime an appliance with very high start-up load will cause an
inverter to shut down. If battery condition and cables do not support the load, then
a more batteries and heavier cables may be required.
BAR GRAPH DISPLAYS
The inverter is equipped with two bar graph displays to monitor DC input to the inverter.
These are used to help diagnose problems if they occur.
VOLTS BAR GRAPH:
The volts display is the measurement of the voltage at the DC terminals of the
inverter, not actual battery voltage. During high wattage applications the display
may show a lower voltage level than the battery because of a voltage drop that can
occur between the DC input cables and the battery. This voltage drop should not be
greater than 0.25 to 0.5 volts, as a greater voltage will seriously reduce run time.
This inverter will operate with the following input voltage range, varying by model:
#2012 — 10-15V DC Input
#2012-4 — 20-30V DC Input
#2012-8 — 40-60V DC Input
The inverter is equipped with an alarm and shut down feature based on these
changes in input voltage:
Feature:
#2012 (12V)
#2012-4 (24V)
#2012-8 (48V)
Alarm sounds when input
voltage drops below:
10.5V ± 0.5V
DC
21.0V ± 1.0V DC
42.0V ± 2.0V DC
Inverter shuts down when
input voltage drops below:
10.0V ± 0.5V DC
20.0V ± 1.0V DC
40.0V ± 2.0V DC
Inverter shuts down when
input voltage rises above:
>15.0V DC
>30.0V DC
>60.0V DC
During charging from a generator, solar panel or AC powered charger the battery
voltage will be higher than when it is resting. Voltages greater than allowed may
cause damage to the inverter. Damage caused by excessive voltage input is not
covered under the warranty.
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AMPS BAR GRAPH:
This display indicates actual DC amperes of current being drawn from the battery
bank. Note that the AMPS display indicates a range of 120 to 600 amps. Current
less than 120 amps is not displayed. Note that for a 120 Amp reading the inverter
should be powering 1,200 watts of AC load.
FOUR 115V AC OUTLETS
Each outlet will supply 15 amps, 115V AC maximum for powering appliances.
Greater than 1,650 watts continuous power from an outlet may cause damage to
the inverter and cause possible injury.
HIGH OUTPUT AC TERMINALS
There are three insulated terminals on the front panel of the inverter. These terminals
are for connecting 115 volt AC devices that require more than 15 amps to operate.
Other uses are for connection to distributed wiring that has multiple AC outlets. Any
wiring that is directly connected must be 10 gage or larger. Facing the front panel,
the terminals are:
Left
Middle
Right
Earth (Ground)
Neutral
Live (Hot)
NEUTRAL and EARTH are bonded inside the inverter to comply with the National
Electric Code (NEC) requirement that any AC source must have a neutral to
ground connection.
REMOTE ON/OFF SWITCH CONNECTION
A supplied cable and Remote Switch assembly provides a convenient remote
On/Off feature.
POWER INVERTER OUTPUT WAVEFORM
This inverter’s AC output is a modified sine wave (MSW) 115 volts AC. The
comparison of modified sine wave and household AC is shown in the figure below.
Sine Wave
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ProLine™ 5,000 Watt DC to AC Inverter by Wagan Tech
®
This modified sine wave has a root mean square (RMS) voltage of 115 volts. Most
ordinary AC voltmeters are calibrated to read “average” voltage and assume that
the AC waveform will be a pure sine wave. These meters will not correctly read
MSW voltage, and will display about 20 to 30 volts too low. Any multi-meter
identified as “TRUE RMS” will accurately read MSW correctly.
INVERTER OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
The high output terminals and outlets of this inverter are wired in a similar manner
to that of house-hold wiring. The “ground” connection (the round connection on an
outlet) is connected to inverter frame’s ground. The two “blade” connections on an
outlet are labeled LIVE and NEUTRAL because the neutral is connected to ground
as in standard household distribution wiring. This output conforms to the National
Electric Code (NEC).
REAR PANEL
2 Negative (−) DC
Input Terminals
2 Positive (+) DC Input
Terminals
Ground
Terminal
High-Speed
Cooling Fan
HIGH-SPEED COOLING FAN
Fan automatically operates when there is power and switch is turned on.
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User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
NEGATIVE DC (−) INPUT AND POSITIVE DC (+) INPUT TERMINALS
Both negative terminals are wired together inside the inverter. Similarly, both positive
terminals are wired together inside the inverter. For AC loads up to 2,500 watts only
one positive and one negative cable set is required. For AC loads from 2,500 to
5,000 watts use two sets of cables.
After DC cables are installed, both sets of DC terminals should be insulated to
protect from accidental short circuits.
GROUND TERMINAL
This terminal is for attaching a 6 gauge insulated safety ground wire. This safety
wire protects personnel if there is an unlikely failure in either the cabling or
enclosure insulation. Do not directly connect this ground to any negative DC terminal
on the inverter. This safety wire is to be connected to the vehicle frame or earth
ground or negative battery terminal as described in the installation procedure.
PLANNING THE INVERTER SYSTEM
Any large wattage inverter system requires planning before installation. There are
several steps to the planning process so the user must determine the following:
•
•
•
•
•
Maximum inverter wattage required.
Operating time (run time) needed between battery recharges.
Battery bank capacity in amp-hours.
Charger requirement to charge batteries within a practical time.
Distance between battery bank and inverter.
DETERMINING MAXIMUM APPLIANCE WATTAGE
Maximum AC appliance wattage is the first factor in planning battery and
charging systems.
SOME BACKGROUND:
Large microwave oven specifications list cooking power (watts) and appliance
power. Appliance power is the AC load the inverter has to supply.
Most other electrical tools, appliances and audio/video equipment have labels that
list the unit’s power requirements in watts. If the tool or device is rated in amps,
multiply the amps by 115 (115V AC) to determine the watts. For example, a power
tool rated at 4 amps will draw 460 watts. Determine the wattage of each appliance
you need to simultaneously operate. Add all of the appliance wattages to obtain
an estimated “total watts” number. Remember to consider the startup surge that
motorized appliances will cause. Do not exceed the surge rating of this inverter
(10,000 watts) this can cause immediate overload shut down.
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6
ProLine™ 5,000 Watt DC to AC Inverter by Wagan Tech
®
At 5,000 watts continuous output, this inverter requires a DC power supply (battery
bank) that can continuously supply the following level of amps for the duration of the
run time:
#2012 (12V DC Input) — 300 amps @ 12V
#2012-4 (24V DC Input) — 150 amps @ 24V
#2012-8 (48V DC Input) — 75 amps @ 48V
CONFIGURING THE BATTERY BANK
A battery bank is an interconnection of batteries; in this case, to provide 12 volts.
To determine the minimum battery ampere-hour rating that you will need to operate
appliances from the inverter and any DC appliances powered by the battery bank,
follow these steps:
(The following calculations are specific to 12V systems. For 24V or 48V systems, a
different calculation is required but the same principles should apply)
1. List the maximum continuous wattage that an inverter has to supply.
2. Estimate the number of hours each appliance will be in use between battery
recharges. This will vary. For example, a typical home-use coffee maker
draws 500 watts during its brew time of 5 minutes, but maintaining pot
temperature only requires 100 watts. Typically, a microwave oven only
operates for a few minutes. Refrigerators and air conditioners cycle on
and off. Some longer operating time appliances are lamps, televisions,
computers and sound systems.
3. Determine the total watt-hours of energy needed by multiplying average
power consumption in watts by hours of run time. For example: 1,500 watts
for 10 hours = 15,000 watt hours.
4. To get an estimate of the maximum current (in amps) that a battery bank
must be capable of delivering to the inverter, divide the AC load watts by
ten (for 12V battery). For example, a 1,500 watt AC load will need 150
amps at 12 volts DC. This relationship holds for 12V DC inverters with 90%
efficiency.
Using the 1,500 watts (or 150 amps) for 10 hours example, 150 amps are needed
for 10 hours. This provides us with the basic amp-hours (AH) of battery life that is
required. Ten hours at 150 amps equals 1,500 Amp-hours (AH). This answer is just
a starting point because there are additional factors that determine actual run time.
These include:
• Cable gauge and length (cable losses)
• Charge level of the batteries (between use, chargers have to be able to fully
charge the batteries)
• Temperature of the batteries (colder batteries provide fewer amps)
• Age and condition of the batteries (older batteries lose AH capacity)
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• Use of DC appliances
• Compliance with turning off unnecessary AC and DC loads.
DERATING THE BATTERY BANK
Most lead-acid batteries have a rating expressed in amp-hours (AH). The most
common rating of AH is “at the 20 hour rate”.
NOTE: Despite several internet explanations, there is no relationship between cold
cranking amps (CCA) and ampere-hours (AH).
For example; if a 20 AH battery is discharged at a 1 amp rate, is will take 20 hours
to discharge that battery. The terms “charged” and “discharged” relate to actual
battery voltage. This means that the output voltage of a nominal 12 volt battery
starts at 13.2 volts (fully charged) then drops to 10.6 volts (discharged). If the load
on the battery causes the battery to discharge faster than the 20 hour rate, the
capacity (AH) of the battery is measurably reduced (derated). Derating is a major
run time factor. The following curve can help to determine what the battery bank
can deliver under load. The results are used to estimate how much additional battery
capacity is needed to achieve the desired run time.
The left vertical numbers of the curve represents percentage of the battery capacity
at the 20 hour rate. In this example, the user needs a one hour run time. If the
example battery is 220 AH (20 hour rate), and the load is 220 amps that is 100%
(horizontal number) of the AH (20 hour rate), starting at the 100% horizontal point
and looking up to the curve the results are that only 56% of the battery capacity is
available. This means that a higher battery capacity is required to get the desired
run time: one hour. The curve also shows that a load of 200% of the 20 hour rate
yields only 31% of the battery capacity. The installer must carefully plan the capacity
of battery bank or the run time may be seriously affected. To the inexperienced
installer, several trial battery capacities may be required to make sure a large
enough battery capacity is available to achieve the desired run time.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0
20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
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8
ProLine™ 5,000 Watt DC to AC Inverter by Wagan Tech
®
The curve can be applied to any lead acid battery under load providing that it has
an AH rating at the 20 hour rate.
Continuing with the previous example, the 150 amp load will need to run for 10
hours, so we begin configuration with a 1,500 AH battery. If the vertical is 1,500
and the horizontal is 150 amps, the percentage of load on the battery is 10%. The
curve shows that the 1,500 AH is derated to 90% of maximum. This means that
the battery will have to be 1,650 AH for the full 10 hour run time. It is important to
add some extra battery capacity, because as the batteries age they will lose AH
capacity.
CONFIGURATING THE BATTERY BANK
Twelve volt, 220 AH batteries were selected for these illustrations because they are
generally readily available and relatively inexpensive. They are deep-cycle type
and with regular recharging they have a relatively long life. These batteries are
“flooded” type; they freely vent hydrogen and oxygen while under charging and
heavy discharge. They must be vented to outside air to prevent accumulation of
explosive gases.
FUSING REQUIREMENTS
NOTE: It is important that this 5,000 watt inverter has the correct main battery fuse
added to the Positive (+) battery cable as close as possible to the battery bank’s
positive terminal. Refer to this chart for correct size:
#2012 (12V DC INPUT)
#2012-4 (24V DC INPUT)
#2012-8 (48V DC INPUT)
ANL 500 amp fuse
ANL 250 amp fuse
ANL 125 amp fuse
The fuse amperage rating must be sized to allow simultaneous operation of all the
AC appliances to be powered, allowing for the momentary high startup current
requirements of inductive loads. Use the recommended fuse block (fuse holder)
and fuse, or an electrical equivalent. ANL type fuses and fuse holders are readily
available from marine supply dealers.
The fuses are very important to protect equipment, batteries and personnel. The
fuses protect against battery explosion if the cables that connect to the inverter
accidentally short. For less than 5,000 maximum continuous AC output, fuse each
Positive cable at 20 percent above the continuous DC current that cable is to handle.
BATTERY BANK DIAGRAM
The diagrams below show inverter connections to a battery bank with recommended
fuse protection.
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#2012
12V DC Input
Fuse
+
INVERTER
–
+
+
+
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
–
–
–
Safety Ground
Fuse
#2012-4
24V DC Input
+
INVERTER
–
+
+
+
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
–
+
–
+
–
+
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
–
–
–
Safety Ground
Fuse
#2012-8
48V DC Input
+
INVERTER
–
Safety Ground
+
+
+
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
–
+
–
+
–
+
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
–
+
–
+
–
+
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
–
+
–
+
–
+
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
12V
220Ah
–
–
–
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10
ProLine™ 5,000 Watt DC to AC Inverter by Wagan Tech
®
WARNING: EXPLODING BATTERIES CAN SPRAY MOLTEN LEAD, HOT SULFURIC
ACID AND PLASTIC FRAGMENTS. BATTERIES THAT ARE CHARGING OR UNDER
HIGH DISCHARGE RATES CAN PRODUCE EXPLOSIVE HYDROGEN GAS INTO THE
SURROUNDING AREA. BE SAFE—FUSE THE BATTERY BANK AND MAKE SURE THE
BATTERY BANK LOCATION IS PROPERLY VENTILATED.
DC CABLE GAUGE
Minimize cable losses by using the thickest insulated stranded copper wire
available, and the shortest practical length. Refer to “Appendix A” at the rear of this
manual for suggested cable gauge.
INSTALLATION—CONNECTING AN INVERTER
GENERAL INFORMATION
This inverter must be mounted in a dry, cool and dust free environment.
If installation is on a wall or bulkhead, the inverter should be mounted horizontally.
Vertical mounting allows dust and objects to fall into inverter vents.
Loose connections will result in a severe voltage drop that can cause damage to
connectors, conductors and insulation and can cause sparking. Reverse polarity
connection will blow the fuses in the inverter and can permanently damage to the
inverter. Damage caused by reverse polarity will void the warranty.
NOTE: There are two sets of DC input terminals to ease cable connections and
reduce the need for larger gauge cables. No single terminal can carry more current
than described as follows:
Watts
2,500
5,000
Terminal Sets
1
2
All cables must be made of stranded, insulated copper wire. Measure the round trip
length of cable needed. Round trip is the distance from the negative battery bank
terminal to the inverter and back to the positive terminal of the battery bank. Use
a length of string and follow the route the cables will follow. Measure the length of
string and then determine the correct gauge cable required for the power level and
total distance. Appendix A has a table that relates cable length and gauge for your
inverter. Measure all terminal stud diameters that are to be connected to cables.
Obtain ring terminals that fit the cables and terminal studs. Be sure the ring terminals
can carry the current required.
GROUND TERMINAL WIRE REQUIREMENTS
Use a minimum of 6 gauge stranded wire for enclosure ground wire. Connect this
to the chassis of your vehicle or to the grounding system in your boat. In a city,
the ground wire can connect to a metal cold water pipe that goes underground. In
remote locations, the ground wire can be connected to an “earth ground”. This can
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be an attachment to a 6 foot long copper clad metal rod driven into the ground. In
the unlikely event of a short circuit, operating the inverter without proper grounding
can result in electrical shock. Do not directly connect this ground to the negative
terminal on the inverter.
CABLE PREPARATION
1. Strip all cable ends to allow crimping of Ring Terminals.
2. Crimp appropriate sized ring terminals onto all cable ends including fuse
holder cable ends.
3. Connect the fuse holders to the long positive (+) cable terminals.
4. Connect the fuse holders to the short positive (+) cable terminals.
5. Wrap the inverter positive cable ends with insulating plastic wrap.
6. Mount the fuse holders to a support structure.
7. Install fuses in the fuse holders and tighten the retaining nuts.
8. Install the Ground wire from the inverter enclosure to the grounding point.
WARNING: THE PROCEDURE THAT FOLLOWS IS FOR SAFE CONNECTION TO
MINIMIZE INITIAL CONNECTION SPARKING AND DAMAGE FROM UNPROTECTED
BATTERY CABLE SHORTS.
Making the first connection between the positive cable and the inverter’s positive
terminal may cause a spark. This is a normal and is a result of capacitors in the
inverter starting to charge. Because of the possibility of sparking, it is extremely
important that both the inverter and the battery bank be positioned away from any
source of flammable fumes or gases. Failure to heed this warning can result in fire
or explosion. Do not make the first positive terminal connection immediately after
batteries have been charging. Allow time for the battery gasses to vent to outside
air.
INVERTER TO BATTERY CONNECTION PROCEDURE
1. Disconnect any Remote Switch Connector from the front panel of the inverter.
2. Make sure the ON/OFF switch located on the front panel of the inverter is in
the OFF position.
3. Install all non-fused (negative) cables from the negative battery bank
terminal to the Negative (−) Terminals on the rear of the inverter.
4. Tighten the retaining nuts.
5. Connect all fuses end positive cable ring terminals to the positive battery
bank terminal.
6. Carefully tighten the retaining nuts. DO NOT SHORT BATTERY POSITIVE TO
NEGATIVE OR GROUND.
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ProLine™ 5,000 Watt DC to AC Inverter by Wagan Tech
®
7. At the inverter end carefully unwrap one positive cable end and connect it to
one Positive Terminal. A spark is likely to result. This is normal.
8. Tighten the retaining nut. BE CAREFUL; DO NOT SHORT THE POSITIVE
TERMINAL TO THE GROUNDED INVERTER ENCLOSURE.
9. Continue installing the remaining positive cables.
10. Turn on the inverter. Advance the Digital Display to the Voltage display
(right green LED lit) by pressing the FUNCTION button. The display on the
front panel should show the following amounts:
# 2012 (12V DC) — 10.5V-13.2V DC Input
#2012-4 (24V DC) — 21.0V-26.4V DC Input
#2012-8 (48V DC) — 42.0V-52.8V DC Input
When the voltage reading does not fall within this range, check the
connections of the wires to the terminals on the power source and the
inverter to make sure they are secure. Also check the voltage of the power
source. Make certain that the High Temp or Overload LED Indicators are not
lit.
11.Turn OFF the inverter. The Overload and Over Temp LEDs may briefly
“flash”. This is normal. The audible alarm may also emit a short “chirp”. This
is also normal.
12.When you have confirmed that the appliance to be operated is turned off,
plug the appliance into one of the AC Outlets on the front panel of the
inverter.
13.Turn the inverter on.
Note: If an extension cord is used from the inverter to an appliance, limit the
extension cord length to 50 feet or less. Make sure that the cord is properly rated
to carry the appliance load. Extension cords are not to be used as permanent
wiring. Instead, use High Output Terminals and NEC compliant wiring, outlets and
installation techniques.
Charging The Battery Bank
It is not the purpose of this inverter user’s guide to provide detailed information
regarding battery charging systems. However, the user should try to augment any
charging system with either wind power or solar power. These can continue to
operate during power outages and they also reduce recharge time. If automatic
AC powered battery chargers do not provide enough charging current for a larger
battery bank, is permissible to have two automatic battery chargers connected to
the battery bank.
REGULAR LOSS OF COMMERCIAL POWER
If an inverter system is used during commercial power outages that occur daily,
configure the charging system to replace energy during the time that commercial
power is available. Replacement of battery energy always requires more than was
taken from the battery (typically 130 percent). In the example used earlier in this
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document, the AC load ran for 10 hours. If commercial power is available, there
are approximately 14 hours left in the day to do the recharging. The following
is an example of what is necessary to recharge a battery bank that has 1,650
AH of capacity (as in the example above) and has been discharged to 10.5 volts
(discharged). The charger has to replace 2145 AH (1650 × 1.3 AH) in 14 hours. So
the charger must charge at a rate of 153 amps for 14 hours. As this charge current
is distributed among the batteries in the battery bank, the current received by an
individual battery is within its charge rating. Be sure that the battery is well vented
as the area will likely have accumulations of an explosive mixture of hydrogen
and oxygen. Follow all recommendations for use that are contained in the battery
charger manual.
WARNING
THERE IS DANGER OF EXPLOSION. DO NOT CONNECT OR DISCONNECT CHARGER
CABLES DIRECTLY AFTER BATTERY DISCHARGE OR RECHARGE–MAKE SURE THAT THE
BATTERY BANK AREA IS WELL VENTED BEFORE ATTACHING OR REMOVING CABLES.
If the flooded lead acid batteries are used, as examples given in this document,
be sure that periodic checks of battery electrolyte levels are accomplished. Follow
battery manufacturer’s instructions in keeping the electrolytes at the proper level. Be
sure to use pure distilled water when replacing evaporated electrolyte liquid.
ABOARD A VESSEL OR VEHICLE
Manufacturer supplied engine driven alternators can usually be replaced with ones
that can continuously deliver higher amperage. This should be done at the outset.
Keep the batteries charging when the vessel or vehicle engine is operating. In
the case of a vessel, make sure that shore power is used to recharge the batteries
whenever possible.
TELEVISION AND AUDIO SUGGESTIONS
Although all inverters are shielded and filtered to minimize signal interference, some
interference with your television picture may be unavoidable, especially with weak
signals. However, here are some suggestions that may improve reception.
• First, make sure that the television antenna produces a clear signal under
normal operating conditions (i.e., at home plugged into a standard
11O/120V AC wall outlet). Also, ensure that the antenna cable is properly
shielded and of good quality.
• Change positions of the antenna cable and television power cord.
• Isolate the television, its power cord and antenna cables from the 12 volt
power source by running an extension cord from the inverter to the television
set.
• Coil the television power cord or install a clamp-on ferrite choke (available
from electronic parts suppliers).
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14
ProLine™ 5,000 Watt DC to AC Inverter by Wagan Tech
®
Note: Some inexpensive audio systems may have a slight “buzzing” sound when
operated with the inverter. This is caused by insufficient filtering in the audio system.
The only solution to this problem is to get a sound system with a higher quality
power supply.
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM: LOW OR NO OUTPUT VOLTAGE
Reason
Solution
Poor contact with battery terminals
Clean terminals thoroughly
Using incorrect type of voltmeter to test
output voltage
Use true RMS reading meter
PROBLEM: INVERTER IS SHUT DOWN
Reason
Solution
Battery voltage below rated value.
Recharge or replace battery
Equipment being operated draws too much
power
Cable gauge may be inadequate—use
heavier cables
Inverter is too hot (thermal shut down mode)
Allow inverter to cool
Check for adequate ventilation.
Reduce the load on the inverter to rated
continuous power output
Unit may be defective
See warranty and call customer service
PROBLEM: TV INTERFERENCE
Reason
Solution
Electrical interference from the inverter
Add a ferrite data line filter on to the TV
power cord
PROBLEM: LOW BATTERY ALARM ON ALL THE TIME
15
Reason
Solution
Input voltage below rated value.
Increase input voltage maintain regulation.
Poor or weak battery condition
Recharge or replace battery
Poor or loose cable connection
Inspect terminals and tighten all connections
Inadequate power being delivered to the
inverter or excessive voltage drop
Use lower gauge wire
Keep wire length as short as possible
www.wagan.com
User’s Manual—Read before using this equipment
SPECIFICATIONS
Name
Description
Input
#2012 — 12V DC Input
#2012-4 — 24V DC Input
#2012-8 — 48V DC Input
Output
115V AC
Output waveform
Modified Sine Waveform
Continuous power
5,000 watts
Surge power
10,000 watts
Efficiency
Approximately 90 %
No load current draw
Switched ON
<1.6A DC
Switched OFF
<0.2A DC
Battery low alarm
#2012 — 10.5V ± 0.5V DC
#2012-4 — 21.0V ± 1.0V DC
#2012-8 — 42.0V ± 2.0V DC
Battery low shutdown
#2012 — 10.0V ± 0.5V DC
#2012-4 — 20.0V ± 1.0V DC
#2012-8 — 40.0V ± 2.0V DC
AC output sockets
4 US standard grounded
Power switch
DC input ON/OFF control
Dimensions
15.8 x 7.9 x 6.5 in (40.5 x 20 x 16.5 cm)
Net Weight
18.1 lbs (8.22 kg)
NOTE
All specifications are typical at nominal line, half load, and 77ºF (25ºC) unless otherwise
noted. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
DISPOSAL OF INVERTER
Electronic products are known to contain materials that are toxic if improperly
disposed. Contact local authorities for disposal and recycling information.
©2013 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation.
16
APPENDIX A: CABLE GAUGE GUIDE
Cable recommendations are for full 5,000 watt output.
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
2×2
0×2
0×2
00×2
00×2
000×2
000×2
#2012-4
2
0
0
00
00
000
000
#2012-8
4
2
2
0
0
00
00
Cable Round Trip Length
(feet)
Gauge (AWG)
#2012
WAGAN Corp. Limited Warranty
The WAGAN Corp. warranty is limited to products sold only in the United States.
All Wagan Tech products must be registered within (30) days of purchase to
activate its warranty. To register your product, please visit http://tinyurl.com/
waganwarranty. Be sure to keep the original receipt as it will be required when
returning a product under the warranty.
Warranty Duration: This product is warranted to the original purchaser for a
period of two (2) years from the original purchase date, to be free of defects
in material and workmanship. WAGAN Corporation disclaims any liability for
consequential damages. In no event will WAGAN Corporation be responsible
for any amount of damages beyond the amount paid for the product at retail.
Warranty Performance: During the above two (2) year warranty period, a
product with a defect will be replaced with a comparable model when the
product is returned to WAGAN Corporation with an original store receipt. The
replacement product will be in warranty for the balance of the original two (2)
year warranty period.
To return a defective item, please contact WAGAN Corporation at (800) 2315806 to obtain a Returned Merchandise Authorization number (RMA#), and
return instructions. Each item returned will require a separate RMA#. After you
have received the RMA# and the return instructions from WAGAN Corporation,
please follow the instructions and send the item with PREPAID SHIPPING, along
with all of the required documentation, a complete explanation of the problem,
your name, address and daytime phone number. WAGAN Corporation will, at
its option, replace or repair the defective part.
A Returned Merchandise Authorization number (RMA#) is REQUIRED when
sending in any defective item. WAGAN Corporation is not responsible for any
item(s) returned without an official Returned Merchandise Authorization number.
The item(s) must be returned with prepaid shipping. WAGAN Corporation is not
responsible for any shipping charges incurred in returning the item(s) back to the
company for repair or replacement. This warranty is void if the product has been
damaged by accident, in shipment, unreasonable use, misuse, neglect, improper
service, commercial use, repairs by unauthorized personnel or other causes
not arising out of defects in materials or workmanship. This warranty does not
extend to any units which have been used in violation of written instructions
furnished.
Warranty Disclaimers: This warranty is in lieu of all warranties expressed or
implied and no representative or person is authorized to assume any other
liability in connection with the sale of our products. There shall be no claims
for defects or failure of performance or product failure under any theory of
tort, contract or commercial law including, but not limited to negligence, gross
negligence, strict liability, breach of warranty and breach of contract.
©2008 WAGAN Corp. REV2012
31088 San Clemente Street
Hayward, CA 94544, U.S.A.
Tel: + 1.510.471.9221
U.S. & Canada Toll Free: 1.800.231.5806
customerservice@wagan.com
www.wagan.com
©2013 Wagan Corporation. All Rights Reserved
Wagan Tech and wagan.com are trademarks used by Wagan Corporation
REV20130805-E