Q3 Innovations AlcoHAWK ABI Owner`s manual

AlcohawkTM ABI
Owner’s Manual
Overview
The AlcoHawkTM ABI is a breath alcohol screening device designed to
test for the presence of alcohol in the blood. This device is intended to
be used in all populations with lung capacity capable of producing at
least 1.5 liters of expired air. The AlcoHawkTM ABI is powered by a 9
volt battery that generally lasts between 200-300 tests when using an
alkaline battery.
deep lung sample, the sample analyzed could be diluted with breath of a
lower alcohol concentration from the upper respiratory tract. This would
result in a lower than optimum test result. As a result, breath alcohol
testers listed on the Department of Transportation (DOT), National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA) Conforming Products
List of Screening Devices To Measure Alcohol in Bodily Fluids, typically
have protocols which require the subject to deliver at least 1.5 liters, or
continuous blowing into the unit for least five (5) seconds.1 Otherwise,
the testing can be aborted or marked as unacceptable.
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Federal Register: May 4, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 87)
Alcohol Testing Theory
Ethyl alcohol is detectable in the breath because it is absorbed from
the mouth, throat, stomach and intestines into the bloodstream. When
blood flows through the lungs, some of the alcohol passes across the
membranes of tiny lung air sacs (alveoli) into the air. The concentration
of the alcohol in the alveolar air is proportional to the alcohol in the
blood. As the alcohol in the alveolar air is exhaled, it can be screened
by a breath alcohol testing device. Rather than drawing a subject’s
blood to test for alcohol level, a subject’s breath can be tested using a
breath alcohol testing device. Because breath alcohol concentration
(BAC) is related to the percentage of alcohol in the individual’s blood,
the BAC can be calculated by measuring alcohol content on the breath.
The ratio of breath alcohol to blood alcohol is 2,100:1. This means that
2100 milliliters of alveolar air will contain the same amount of alcohol
as 1 millimeter of blood. This concept is well established by Henry’s
Law, which states that the concentration of a volatile substance in
the air above a fluid is proportional to the concentration of the volatile
substance in the fluid.
When performing a breath alcohol test, it is necessary to analyze an
alveolar or deep lung air sample. If the test sample is not based on a
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Dose-Specific Effects of Alcohol Intoxication
The effects of alcohol intoxication are greatly influenced by individual
variations among users, as well as other factors such as altitude and
air temperature. The following are general dose-specifics effects of
alcohol, although some users may become intoxicated at a much lower
Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) than shown below. Because a safe
reading on a breath alcohol screener does not mean that a driver’s
reaction times can respond to any emergency encountered, do not drink
alcohol and drive.
Some states prohibit driving with a .08 or above reading and can be
prosecuted for driving under the influence at any level.
Some states also prohibit driving commercial vehicles or any vessel with
.04 or more. There is no safe way to drive under the influence. Even
one drink can make you unsafe.
BAC
0.02-0.03%3
0.04-0.06%
0.07-0.09%
0.10-0.125%
0.13-0.15%
0.16-0.20%
0.25%-0.29%
0.30%-0.39%
0.40% +
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Dose-Specific Effects2
Generally no loss of coordination, slight euphoria or loss
of shyness. Depressant effects are not apparent.
General feeling of well-being, relaxation, lower inhibitions,
sensation of warmth. Euphoria. Some minor impairment
of reasoning and memory, lowering of caution. Driving
skills may be impaired at this level of intoxication.
Slight impairment of balance, speech, vision, reaction
time, and hearing. Euphoria. Judgment and self-control
are reduced, and caution, reason and memory are
impaired. Driving skills are always impaired at this level
of intoxication.
Significant impairment of motor coordination and loss
of good judgment. Speech may be slurred; balance,
vision, reaction time and hearing will be impaired. Euphoria.
Gross motor impairment and lack of physical control.
Blurred vision and major loss of balance. Euphoria is
reduced and dysphoria is beginning to appear.
Dysphoria (anxiety, restlessness) predominates, nausea
may appear. The drinker has the appearance of a “sloppy
drunk.”
Needs assistance in walking; total mental confusion.
Dysphoria with nausea and some vomiting.
Loss of consciousness.
Onset of coma, possible death due to respiratory arrest.
Bailey, William J., Drug Use in American Society, 3rd ed., Minneapolis: Burgess, 1993.
Some individuals may experience impairment at BAC levels at .03% or even lower.
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USES OF BREATH ALCOHOL
SCREENING DEVICES
Breath alcohol screeners are used in a wide variety of applications. For
example, law enforcement officials use breath alcohol screeners on
the roadside to determine if a subject should be further tested on an
evidential alcohol test (a test given to determine an exact blood alcohol
concentration). In addition, breath alcohol screeners are also used in a
wide range of professions and industries to screen for the presence of
alcohol before an individual performs certain job functions. Since the
presence of alcohol in a person’s body can impair numerous activities
of an individual, a simple breath alcohol screening device that can
determine the presence of alcohol in a individual’s system can be of
great value.
PUSH
2. The tester comes with one replaceable plastic mouthpiece already
mounted over the breath pipe. You may wish to replace the mouthpiece
for use by another person for sanitary reasons. To change the
mouthpieces, align the slot in the mouthpiece with the slot on the
BREATH PIPE.
AlcoHawk™ ABI
BREATH OUT
COMPONENTS DIAGRAM
PREPARING THE ALCOHAWKTM ABI FOR USE
DO NOT COVER
WHILE TESTING
WRIST STRAP MOUNT
BREATH PIPE
Note: Read these instructions before testing your alcohol level.
1. Install the included 9-volt battery. Apply a small amount of pressure
on the indentation of the battery compartment cover and then push
down and away from the unit simultaneously in order to release the
cover. Install the battery and replace the battery compartment cover.
(See the following diagram).
5
WARN LAMP
DISPLAY
READY LAMP
BATTERY LOW LAMP
ON/OFF POWER SWITCH
DC ADAPTER SOCKET
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Operating Instructions
BE SURE TO WAIT AT LEAST 20 MINUTES
AFTER CONSUMING ALCOHOL TO TAKE A TEST.
4) Finally, the unit will display “OFF” for turn-off, along with a BEEP
sound. Press the ON/OFF power switch to turn the unit off.
5) For subsequent testing, repeat steps 1) – 4). Space tests at least 2
minutes apart.
If you do not wait 20 minutes before testing, the reading will measure
alcohol in the mouth, which does not accurately indicate a subject’s
blood alcohol level. Additionally, not waiting the required time could
damage the sensor and cause all future readings to be inaccurate.
1) Press the ON/OFF power switch. The detector will start to count
down from 200 to 000 on the DISPLAY. This warm-up process prepares
the sensor and circuit for testing.
2) When you hear a BEEP and the green READY light comes on, take a
deep breath, then blow steadily and continuously into the BREATH PIPE
until you hear another BEEP. You will be blowing for up to 5 seconds.
Your lips should be sealed around the mouthpiece while blowing. Be
careful not to cover the BREATH OUT opening on the unit. If you don’t
blow within 30 seconds, the unit automatically displays “OFF”. Press the
ON/OFF power switch to turn the unit off and repeat step 1).
3) After the red and green display lights blink for 4 seconds, the test
result will be displayed by 3 digits for 15 seconds. This number is your
Blood Alcohol Concentration (%BAC).
- If the BAC reading is over 0.05%, the red WARN lamp will flash along with a BEEP
sound.
- If the BAC reading is over 0.40%, the display will read “ HOT” and the red WARN lamp
will flash along with a BEEP sound. This can also occur if a subject blows alcohol from
their saliva into the tester.
- If you consumed very little alcohol, your actual concentration may be below 0.01%BAC
(Blood Alcohol Concentration), and the reading may not be activated. However, the
display will show 0.00%.
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Precautions
1. After drinking, smoking and eating, users should wait at least 20
minutes before testing. This is because it can take up to 20 minutes for
residual alcohol remaining in the mouth to dissipate.
2. Avoid testing in strong winds, in a closed room with a heavy amount of
smoke, or where a lot of alcohol is being consumed.
3. When the battery low light is glowing, replace the 9V alkaline battery.
4. Do not blow cigarette smoke, food or liquid into the instrument
because this may damage the sensor.
5. The AlcoHawk™ ABI is designed to be used in a temperature range
of 10– 40 (C) or 50-104 (F). Operation of the unit in temperature ranges
above or below this range may affect the accuracy of results.
AlcoHawk™ ABI Specifications
Dimensions
Battery
Sensor
Response Time
Calibration
Weight
Operating Temp
Warm-Up Time
Accuracy
Calibration Interval
120 x 60 x 25 mm/4.7 x 2.4 x 1”
9V Alkaline
Highly Selective Oxide Semi-Conductor Sensor
3.0 Seconds
BAC Simulator
200 grams/1.5 oz
10 - 40C/50 - 104F
20 Seconds
±0.01% BAC at 0.10% BAC
Every 6 ~ 12 Months
6. Do not leave the AlcoHawk™ ABI connected to the car ac/dc adapter
when the unit is not in use.
7. Avoid testing in the presence of any substances that contain methyl
alcohol, isopropyl alcohol or acetone. These substances may interfere
with the results of the test.
8. Conditions that increase the amount of ketones on the breath, such as
diabetes and low caloric intake, may cause a false positive test.
9. DO NOT USE THE ALCOHAWK™ ABI AS A TOOL TO DETERMINE
WHETHER YOU SHOULD OPERATE ANY MOTOR VEHICLE OR
MACHINERY.
10. DO NOT DRINK AND DRIVE. ALWAYS HAVE A DESIGNATED
DRIVER WHEN YOU DRINK ALCOHOL.
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Verification and Calibration Overview
Verification is a procedure using an advanced Alcohol Breath Test
Simulator that verifies whether the unit is displaying the specific BAC
level. If the verification procedure determines that the BAC is not
consistent with actual BAC levels, calibration of the device is performed
by using an advanced Alcohol Breath Test Simulator. A breath alcohol
screening device can start to drift or become contaminated after 6 – 12
months, depending on frequency of use and whether alcohol or other
substances penetrate the sensor.
Calibration Procedure
If your device is providing inconsistent, unusually high or low readings,
or no readings at all, your device may need to be re-calibrated. In
addition, the Alcohawk ABI should be re-calibrated at least every 612 months. More frequent calibrations may be required depending
on frequency of use.
For detailed information on how to have the device re-calibrated,
including the location of the service center, please visit us online at
www.q3i.com/calibration.html.
For additional information on calibration or technical support, please visit
www.q3i.com.
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1 – YEAR WARRANTY
The manufacturer warrants the AlcohawkTM ABI to be free from defects
in workmanship or material (excluding calibration) under normal use for
one year from the date of purchase. Manufacturer’s obligations under
this limited warranty are limited to replacing, adjusting, or repairing the
unit if returned along with the proof of purchase. This warranty is void
if the unit has been tampered with, maliciously damaged, or physically
abused.
The enforceability of this warranty is limited to the original consumer
purchaser and is not transferable to, or enforceable by, any subsequent
owner. In the event of a defect, malfunction or other failure to conform
to this warranty, Q3 Innovations, LLC, (Q3I), will, at its sole discretion,
repair or replace the unit at no charge. You are responsible for all
shipping cost in connection with warranty service. This warranty
commences on the date of retail purchase and shall be effective for a
period of one year.
THERE ARE NO EXPRESS WARRANTIES COVERING THE UNIT
OTHER THAN THOSE SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY. ALL
IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED TO THE PERIOD OF THIS
WARRANTY AND NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
EXTEND BEYOND THIS PERIOD. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW
LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO
THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Q3I will in no event be liable for any consequential, incidental, indirect
or special damages (including, but not limited to, lost profits) arising out
of or in connection with the use, misuse or function of the unit. Some
states do not allow exclusion of limitation of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
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This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have
other rights which vary from state to state.
If you feel your detector is not functioning properly please review
this manual, particularly the instructions. If you still feel warranty
service is required, please follow the instructions below:
1. To obtain service during the warranty period, please call 888-3991687 or email service@q3i.com to obtain an RA number and shipping
instructions. Remember to return your detector postage paid, insured
and in suitable packaging.
under the influence of alcohol or their judgment has been impaired by
alcohol. This device should only be used as a screening device and may
only give an indication of the possible presence of alcohol in the blood of
the test subject. Correlation between breath alcohol content and blood
alcohol concentration depends on many variables, including temperature
and health conditions. A safe or low BAC reading on a breath alcohol
screener does not mean that the driver’s reaction times can respond to
any emergency encountered. The exact concentration of alcohol in the
blood of the test subject cannot be exactly determined by using a breath
alcohol screening device.
2. For your own protection, obtain a proof of delivery receipt. Shipping
costs are your responsibility.
3. You must enclose with your unit the following information:
a. Your name, complete return address and written description of the
problem. (No PO Box please.)
b. A telephone number where you can be reached during normal
business hours.
c. A copy of your dated sales receipt or invoice.
DO NOT DRINK ALCOHOL AND DRIVE
ALWAYS USE A DESIGNATED DRIVER
AFTER DRINKING ALCOHOL
BE SAFE AND DRINK RESPONSIBLY
DISCLAIMER
Q3 Innovations, LLC (“Q3I”) makes no warranties, expressed or
implied, as to the ability of this device to determine whether a person
is intoxicated, and Q3I expressly disclaims any liability for incidental,
special, or consequential damages of any nature. Decisions and/or
actions based upon the reading of this device shall be at such person’s
own risk. Q3I assumes no responsibility for consequences of subjects
who test negative when using this device and later show that they are
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Q3 Innovations, LLC
www.q3i.com
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Owner’s Manual
DO NOT DRINK ALCOHOL AND DRIVE
BE SAFE & DRINK RESPONSIBLY
Q3 Innovations, LLC
www.q3i.com