Balanced Audio Technology VK-32SE Owner`s manual

VK-32SE
WARRANTY REGISTRATION FORM
Unit Serial Number: _______________________________________
Customer Name:
_______________________________________
Address:
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
Date of Purchase:
_______________________________________
Purchased From:
Dealer Name:
_______________________________________
Address:
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
IMPORTANT NOTE:
In order to receive the full five year product warranty, please mail this
completed form together with a copy of your sales receipt to Balanced Audio
Technology at the address below, within thirty days of purchase.
Failure to do so will result in the product being warrantied for one year
from the date of manufacture.
1300 First Stat Blvd. Suite A W ilmington DE 19804 Tel: 302-999-8855 Fax: 302-999-8818
1
VK-32SE
Vacuum Tube
Balanced Stereo Preamplifier
Owner's Manual
1300 First Stat Blvd. Suite A W ilmington DE 19804 Tel: 302-999-8855 Fax: 302-999-8818
2
Vacuum Tube Current Sources in VK-32SE
Your VK-32SE incorporates a unique feature that allows you to optimize its sound to tailor it to your
individual taste or system requirements.
The Vacuum Tube current sources incorporated in the VK-32SE, being part of the signal gain stage, have a
direct effect on the unit’s sound. Changing the tube type used in that circuit allows the user an extra degree
of control over the sound of the unit.
In its standard configuration the VK-32SE current sources use the Russian 6C19 tubes. That tube is
basically a miniature version of the famous 6C33 tube, and provides, in our view, the best combination of
sonic characteristics and electrical performance.
However, the unique design of the VK-32SE allows you to also use other tube types in that application.
Currently, the user has the following three choices for vacuum tube Current Sources:
1.
2.
3.
The standard 6C19 tube current source as installed from the factory.
The 6H30 SuperTube current source which requires the purchase of the X-PAK accessory.
The 5881 tube current source.
3
In order to change the tube type the user needs to remove the installed Current Source board, and replace it
with either another board, designed for a particular tube type, or install the 5881 tubes as a direct plug-in.
Only the 5881 tubes can be used directly upon the removal of the 6C19 current source board.
Please consult the factory regarding options for other tube types that may be available in the future.
WARNING:
The following procedure should only be performed by qualified personnel
To change the current source:
1. Turn the unit OFF and wait at least 5 minutes to allow the tubes to cool down and the power
supply charge to dissipate.
2. Remove the six screws holding the current source board.
3. Pull the current source board straight up to disengage its connectors.
4. Install the new current source board making sure its connectors are properly aligned. Board will
be positioned properly when the mounting holes in the circuit board align with the standoffs.
5. Install the six mounting screws.
6. Turn the unit ON.
4
TABLE OF CONTENT
CURRENT SOURCES
CHANGING CURRENT SOURCES
INTRODUCTION
Package Content
Physical Placement
Connecting to your system
3
4
6
6
7
7
FRONT PANEL CONTROLS
VK-32SE Power On sequence
Turning the VK-32SE Off
PHASE Button and LED
MONO button and LED
MUTE button and LED
INPUT selection
VOLUME knob
DISPLAY format
FUCTION button
DISPLAY Brightness function
MUTE function
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
11
11
VK-32SE PROGRAMMABLE FUNCTIONS
Parameter Definitions
12
13
PROGRAMMING THE VK-32SE
BALANCE adjustment
VOLUME offsets
PHASE
MONO/STEREO
MAXIMUM gain
FIXED gain
DISPLAY MODE
INPUT NAME
13
13
14
15
15
15
16
16
17
REMOTE CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Volume Up/Down
Mute
Fade
Input
Display/Power
18
18
18
18
18
19
Fuse Protection
Servicing
Cleaning
19
19
19
RESETTING THE VK-32SE
20
SPECIFICATIONS
21
WARRANTY
22
5
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for your purchase of the Balanced Audio Technology VK-32SE preamplifier.
Please read this owner's manual to obtain the full benefit of the VK-32SE in your system. It will
provide you with the needed safety information and operating procedures for this exceptional
unit.
WARNINGS:
To prevent the possibility of serious injury, electrical shock or fire:
DO NOT operate with the cover removed.
DO NOT expose to rain or moisture.
DO NOT defeat the ground power-plug.
DO NOT replace fuse with anything other than the same type and rating as supplied by the factory.
Package Contents
Included in the box should be the following:
Description
Quantity
VK-32SE Preamplifier
Power Cord
Spare Fuse
Torx Wrench (T-10)
Spare Top Cover Screws
User’s Manual
VK-R3 Remote Control
1
1
1
1
5
1
(If ordered)
Save all the packaging material in a safe dry area for the unlikely event that you need to
return the VK-32SE to the factory for service.
6
PHYSICAL PLACEMENT
It is recommended that you provide at least 6" of free space around the unit for proper ventilation.
Mount the unit on a hard surface with proper ventilation underneath.
Do not stack the VK-32SE preamplifier on top of other units, nor vice versa.
CONNECTING THE VK-32SE TO YOUR SYSTEM
Balanced Components
Use balanced XLR interconnects. All input and output connectors are clearly marked on the back
panel.
Note: The VK-32SE XLR connectors are wired as follows:
Pin 1:
Pin 2:
Pin 3:
common/shield
positive
negative
For the VK-32SE, use the Main 1 XLR Output for connection to your balanced power amplifier.
The Output 2 is configured as an RCA connector output.
Single-Ended Components
Single-ended components have RCA connectors. The VK-32SE preamplifier is designed to
work with mix of single-ended and balanced components connected to its inputs and outputs. If
more single ended components need to be connected to the preamplifer, then the XLR inputs or
outputs can be used for that in conjunction with RCA/XLR adapters. These adapters are available
from an authorized Balanced Audio Technology dealer at a nominal charge.
Two types of adapters are available:
Input Adapters:
RCA Female to XLR Male
Output Adapters:
RCA Female to XLR Female.
7
VK-32SE FRONT PANEL CONTROLS
STANDBY Button and LED
The Standby button is used to turn the unit ON and OFF and to switch the preamplifier into its
Standby mode. The LED indicates the status of the unit’s power circuitry and has four state:
LED OFF
Display OFF
Unit is in OFF state
Display ON
Unit is in ON state
LED Flashing
Unit is going through its Power-ON routine
LED ON
Unit is in its STANDBY mode
When the unit is plugged into a power line, it will stay in the OFF state until the Standby button is
pushed. The LED will then start blinking and the unit will go through a 50second warm-up
sequence. At the end of that sequence it will turn ON.
Pressing the button again will switch the unit into its Standby mode.
The VK-32SE can be turned OFF by pressing and holding the Standby button.
VK-32SE Power-On sequence:
When you turn the VK-32SE On, it will automatically go through a gentle power-on sequence.
This sequence takes 50 seconds, during which time the display and the Standby LED will be
flashing, indicating the status of the unit.
1. The number on the display during this time indicates the volume setting. This will usually
start at 000. This setting can be changed during this time by using the volume knob or
Volume Up/Down buttons on your VK-R3 remote control transmitter. In addition, such
functions as Phase, Mono, input selection and Mute can be changed during this time either
from front panel or through the remote control.
2. Normally the VK-32SE will be not muted (Mute LED on the display is OFF) and will begin
playing at the end of the 50 second delay. If so desired, the unit can be put in the MUTE
mode during this delay interval either by depressing the front panel MUTE switch or by
using the MUTE button on the VK-R3 remote control transmitter.
Turning the VK-32SE Off:
The unit can be turned OFF by pressing and holding the Standby button. It will automatically
mute.
8
PHASE button and LED
This button allows the user to invert the absolute polarity of the signal to compensate for some
recordings that are made out-of-phase. The LED indicates whether the unit is in its INVERTING
or NONINVERTING mode. This function is also accessible via the VK-R3 remote control.
LED OFF
Non Inverting operation
LED ON
Inverting operation
MONO Button and LED
The Mono button allows the user to switch the VK-32SE in Mono operation when the two channels
are summed together. This may be useful, for example, while listening to old monophonic
recordings. This function is also accessible via the VK-R3 remote control.
LED OFF
Stereo operation
LED ON
Mono operation
MUTE Button and LED
The Mute button disables the preamplifier output. It is recommended that the Mute be engaged any
time the signal cables are changed or any other system configuration changes are being made. This
function is also accessible via the VK-R3 remote control.
LED OFF
Unit in Play mode
LED ON
Output Muted
INPUT selection buttons 1 through 5
These allow the user to select any of five available inputs to be played. The selected input number
together with its name will be indicated on the unit front panel display as well. This function is also
accessible via the VK-R3 remote control.
VOLUME Knob
This knob performs different function depending upon the unit’s mode of operation. In normal
mode it works as volume control knob.
It is also used as a data input device in various Function modes to program the unit. For example,
it is used to set the BALANCE adjustment when the VK-32SE is switched into its Balance mode.
More on that in the corresponding sections of this manual.
The volume control knob on the VK-32SE is linked to a digital encoder and is of a continuously
rotating type (there are no stops).
9
DISPLAY FORMAT:
The VK-32SE Vacuum Fluorescent Display (VFD) is capable of showing up to twelve
alphanumeric characters. Its format depends on the mode of operation. In the normal PLAY mode
the display has the following format:
1. One character indicating the selected input number.
2. Four-character input name. That name is fully programmable (See the programming
functions) and can include up to four character from the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets
or digits.
3. Balance adjustment indicator. Characters L or R indicate that the balance is shifted in the
corresponding direction. A BLANK character means that the gains of both channels are
identical.
4. Volume setting - three digits with the full range of 000 to 140 (See programming section on
Maximum Volume Setting)
FUNCTION Button
This button puts the unit in its programming mode. In addition to its normal PLAY mode, there are
eight programmable functions in the VK-32SE:
BALANCE Adjustment
RELATIVE VOLUME setting
PHASE setting
MONO/STEREO setting
MAXIMUM volume setting
FIXED volume setting
DISPLAY (Volume) mode
INPUT NAME assignment
Pressing this button while in PLAY mode will switch the unit into programming mode. Once in
the programming mode, pressing the Function button will switch the unit into its NEXT
programmable functions. The unit will stay in the programming mode until the exit command is
issued. To EXIT the programming mode at any time, press and hold the Function button for about
TWO seconds.
10
DISPLAY Brightness Function
Changing the Display Brightness: The VK-32SE display can be dimmed or turned
completely OFF by simply pressing the DISPLAY button on your VK-R3 remote control
transmitter.
Each press will reduce the brightness of display and LED indicators in steps from full ON to
OFF, and then one press back to full ON. The LED indicators will dim but never turn
completely OFF. With the display OFF, issuing any remote control command that would
normally require a display change (i.e.: Volume, Input selection, Fade) will automatically
turn the display back ON.
MUTE Function:
The VK-32SE has two mute modes: manual and automatic. The blue LED above the Mute button
goes ON when the unit is in MUTE state. To MUTE the VK-32SE, depress the MUTE button
located on the right side of the front panel. Depressing this button again will return the unit to its
normal operation and turn the mute LED off.
When the unit is powered up it automatically self-mutes until the proper operating points of the
circuitry are reached. It will then automatically go into Play mode, provided the Mute function was
not activated (the blue Mute LED is Off).
Turning the VK-32SE OFF even for short time, will make the unit reset its power sequencing
circuit and mute its output. It will then require 50 seconds for the unit to become operational
again.
11
VK-32SE PROGRAMABLE FUNCTIONS
The VK-32SE programming functions allow the user to optimize the unit configuration for any
particular system set up. The flexible programming facility defines each signal input with a group
of user-selectable parameters that are then stored in the unit’s memory. Every time a particular
input is selected, its unique combination of parameters is loaded into the operating memory.
Programming is easy and is accomplished through using just two front panel controls -: the
Function button and Volume knob, or corresponding remote control buttons (Function and
Volume Up/Down buttons).
Every unit comes from the factory with a default set of parameters stored in its memory. This set of
parameters is usable for many applications. The default set includes the following parameters:
BALANCE
ZERO
RELATIVE VOLUME
ZERO
PHASE
Non-Inverting
MONO/STEREO
STEREO
MAXIMUM VOLUME
140
FIXED GAIN
OFF
DISPLAY
COUNTS
INPUT NAMES
1
2
3
4
5
TAPE
TUN
CD1
AUX1
AUX2 or PH1 if the phono card is installed
The user may at any time, configure the unit to a particular set of system requirements. For
example, input names can be changed to reflect a given system’s source configuration.
12
Parameter Definitions:
Every input of the VK-32SE is defined with the following set of parameters.
1. Input name (Examples include CD1, DVD1, PH-1, VKD5, or any other combination of up
to four characters including the Latin, Cyrillic and Greek alphabet as well as digits)
2. Balance adjustment – gain shifted Left or Right.
3. Volume offset relative to any other input (to compensate for gross differences in various
sources levels)
4. Phase: Inverting, Non-inverting or Last configuration
5. Stereo, Mono or Last configuration
6. Maximum allowable volume setting for a particular input. This is a convenient safety
feature in some instances.
7. Display mode. This allows the user to switch the volume display to operate in any of the
three modes: relative Counts, DBU (Decibels referenced to Unity gain) or DBM (Decibels
referenced to Maximum gain).
8. Fixed volume mode: this allows any input to be set with a preferred fixed volume setting,
and is usable, for example, in Audio/Video installations.
With this flexibility it is possible, for example, to set the CD input to be Stereo and Non-Inverting,
while the Phono input would be Mono and Inverting.
PROGRAMMING THE VK-32SE
NOTE: It is important to note here that all the functions described below are accessible
either through the front panel controls or via the VK-R3 remote control. Therefore,
functions like BALANCE, PHASE, MONO, etc. all can be performed by using the Function
button on the remote control in conjunction with the Volume Up/Down buttons.
BALANCE Adjustment.
Pressing the Function button once will invoke the Balance adjustment mode. When in this mode,
turn the volume control knob (or press the Volume Up/Down buttons on the VK-R3 remote
control) to set the balance to the desired position. An L or R character will appear indicating that
the balance is now shifted in the corresponding direction.
Exiting the programming mode by pressing and holding the Function button will store this
adjustment for the selected input.
The BALANCE adjustment for each selected input is also stored when switching to another input
while still in the BALANCE programming mode.
13
RELATIVE Volume adjustment.
It is quite common to have sources with very different output levels connected to a preamplifier. In
this case, switching between different inputs is usually accomplished by a large change in volume.
The VK-32SE allows the user to avoid this inconvenience by setting volume offsets between
different inputs (using ANY input as a reference).
To program this feature:
1. Select any input that you would like to use as a reference. Play music at the level you find
comfortable.
2. Press the Function button twice. The display will read: VOL 000
3. Switch to a different input. Adjust the volume while playing the music to the level that is
comparable to the reference input level. The display will indicate the volume offset
number. That number can be either positive or negative, depending upon whether the new
selected input is stronger or weaker than the reference input.
4. Exit the programming mode by pressing and holding the Function button or by switching
to a different input.
Any input volume offset can be programmed at ANY time with respect to ANY other input.
EXAMPLE:
The CD1 input is used as the reference. Let’s presume that the PH1 input (the weaker source) is
then programmed to play at 20 counts higher. Its volume offset will then read 20.
The user can later select the PH1 input and using it as the reference, program the AUX1 input to be
10 counts lower than the PH1 input. Effectively, the volume offset from the CD1 input to the
AUX1 will now become 10.
The user then can at any time verify his volume offset programming by switching the unit in its
VOLUME mode (by pressing the Function button twice) and then selecting the inputs 3, 4 and 5.
The volume offset numbers for these inputs should then read 0, 10 and 20 respectfully. That means
that the AUX1 source will be played at 10 counts above the CD1 input and the PH1 input at 20
counts above the CD1 input.
Alternatively, the volume offset number can be entered directly, based on your judgement of
volume difference between the two sources. To do that, select the input, enter the VOLUME
programming mode by pressing the Function button twice, and use the volume knob to set the
volume offset number that you deem desirable. Then exit the programming mode by pressing and
holding the Function Button.
NOTE: A negative number for the selected input indicates that its gain will be set lower than
the gain of the reference input.
14
PHASE programming.
Select the desired input.
Press the Function button three times. The display will read: PHASE NINV.
Use the volume knob to set the condition to NINV, INV or LAST.
Exit the programming mode by pressing and holding the Function button.
NOTE: In the LAST mode, the state of the PHASE switch will be the same as used the last
time for that particular input.
MONO/STEREO programming.
Select the desired input.
Press the Function button four times. The display will read: STEREO
Use the volume knob to set the condition to STEREO, MONO or LAST.
Exit the programming mode by pressing and holding the Function button.
NOTE: In the LAST mode, the state of the Phase switch will be the same as used the last
time for that particular input.
MAXIMUM gain programming
It may be desirable to limit the allowable volume setting on a particular input. To do this:
Select the desired input
Enter the MAXIMUM programming mode by pressing the Function button five times.
Set the display to any desired number that will now represent the maximum allowable
volume setting for the selected input.
Exit the programming mode by pressing and holding the Function button.
15
FIXED Gain mode
In some systems (some A/V installations, for example) it is desirable to set a particular input to a
fixed gain, that is then becomes unaffected by the volume knob. Most often it is required to set the
preamplifier gain to Unity (Gain of 1). The VK-32SE allows the user to do so by using its FIXED
gain function.
Press the Function button six times.
The display will read: FIX OFF
Enter any desired number for the fixed gain on the selected input (see below).
UNITY gain for the VK-32SE preamplifier correspond to the following volume
setting:
CNTS display mode
100 Counts
DBU
00.0dB
DBM
-20.0dB
Exit the programming mode by pressing and holding the Function button.
DISPLAY MODE programming
The volume display of the VK-32SE can be switched to work in any of the following three modes:
CNTS:
Relative volume counts with the range of 000 to 140
DBU:
Decibel readings with respect to unity gain (0dB).
DBM:
Decibel readings with respect to maximum gain (20dB)
NOTE: To avoid possible confusion, the SAME display mode setting applies to ALL inputs.
It is not possible, for example, to set one input to CNTS and another to DBU.
16
INPUT NAME programming:
The VK-32SE allows the user to assign any a custom name to any input. Those names may include
up to four characters. The default names for the inputs are as follows:
1
2
3
4
5
TAPE
TUN
CD!
AUX1
AUX2 (It will automatically switch to PH1 if the optional phono card is installed)
Any combination of up to four Latin, Cyrillic, Greek alphabet characters or digits can be used to
name the source. The examples may include:
CD-2, DVD1, JOHN, VKD5, MARY, BOB1, etc.
To program the input name, do the following:
Select the desired input
Press the Function button eight times. The first character of the input name will start blinking
Use the volume control knob or the remote control Volume Up/Down buttons to select the
desired character. The characters are organized in the following order: the digits, the Latin
alphabet, the Cyrillic (Russian) alphabet, the Greek alphabet.
Advance to the next character by pressing the Function button once.
Exit the programming mode by pressing and holding the Function button.
17
REMOTE CONTROL FUNCTIONS:
The optional VK-R3 remote control that comes with your VK-32SE has the following functions:
Volume Up and Volume Down control
Mute function
Fade Down/Fade Up function
Input Source Selection 1 through 5
Phase switch
Function switch
Display/POWER switch.
The following describes these functions.
Volume Up and Down
These two buttons are programmed with variable speed volume change profiles. The rate of
volume change will be slow upon initial pressing of the Volume Up or Down buttons. Holding the
button depressed will cause the rate of change to accelerate, allowing for more flexible control
when large changes in volume are required.
Mute
Pressing this button will cause the MUTE function in the VK-32SE to toggle between ON and OFF
states. The Mute LED on the VK-32SE front panel will reflect the status of the Mute circuit.
Fade
Pressing the FADE button on the VK-R3 remote control will cause the volume to smoothly decay
over the period of several seconds. This allows for a gradual reduction in volume, as opposed to
the instantaneous MUTE function. This can be particularly useful during the presentation or
demonstration of your equipment. When the FADE button is pressed, the volume will go down all
the way to zero (000 on display, unit in Mute).
Pressing the Fade button again will cause the volume to ramp back up to its initial value.
INPUT SELECT:
Pressing any input selection button on the VK-R3 remote control will switch the VK-32SE to that
input. All of the set parameters associated with that input will be loaded at this point.
18
DISPLAY/POWER switch.
The Display/Power button on the VK-R3 remote control provides two functions: turning the VK32SE display ON/OFF and switching the power to the preamplifier.
To control the display:
Pressing the display button will change the display brighness.
Turning the VK-32SE OFF
With the display in ON state, press and hold the Display button on the VK-R3 remote
control. This function is disabled when the unit’s display is turned OFF.
Turning the VK-32SE ON
With the VK-32SE in its OFF or STANDBY state, simply press the POWER button on the
VK-R3 remote control transmitter.
Fuse Protection:
A blown fuse in the VK-32SE is an indication of a serious problem. If a replacement fuse fails as
well, no further attempts should be undertaken. Please contact the factory for professional service.
The proper fuse ratings are as follows:
For 100-120 VAC Units:
2A 250V Slow Blow
For 200-240 VAC Units:
1.5A 250V Slow Blow
Factory supplied fuses should be only replaced with the same type and rating parts.
Servicing
The Balanced Audio Technology VK-32SE should require no service in normal operation. Please
direct any further service inquiries to the factory.
Cleaning
To remove dust, occasionally wipe the front and top surfaces of your VK-32SE with a damp soft
cloth. If fingerprints appear, you may use a mild, non-alkaline soap solution. Do not use abrasive
cleaners, as they may damage the fine finish of the unit.
19
RESETTING THE VK-32SE:
Under certain conditions it might become desirable to reset the internal microprocessor that
controls all the functions of the VK-32SE.
Doing so will erase ALL user programmed setpoints, and will return the unit to its factory
default state.
In order to RESET the VK-32SE, do the following:
1. Turn the unit OFF.
2. Disconnect the power cord from the back of the unit.
3. Wait about two minutes.
4. Press AND HOLD front panel buttons Phase and Input #1.
5. WHILE HOLDING the buttons, insert the power cord.
6. Power up the unit normally.
20
Specifications
Inputs:
Outputs:
Main:
Tape Out
Maximum Gain:
Global Feedback:
Volume Control Resolution:
Volume Control Number of Steps:
Frequency Response:
Input Impedance (minimum:)
Output Impedance
Noise (unweighted):
Distortion at 2V output:
Maximum Output Signal:
Absolute Polarity:
Power Consumption:
Dimensions
Weight
2 XLR’s + 3 RCA’s
1 XLR + 1 RCA
1 RCA
20dB
None
.5dB
140
2 Hz to 200 kHz
100kOhm each phase
300 Ohm each phase
-96 dB
.01%
30V
Switchable
150VA
19” x 5.75” x 15.5”
40lb
21
Five Year Limited Warranty
Terms and Conditions
1. Limited Warranty
Upon receipt of the attached warranty registration form, Balanced Audio Technology warrants the purchased
product to be free from manufacturing, materials, and workmanship defects for five years from date of original
purchase, excepting vacuum tubes, subject to the following conditions. Failure to return the enclosed
registration form within 30 days from original purchase will result in a warranty period of one year from
the date of manufacture.
2. Vacuum Tubes
Vacuum tubes (including replacements under warranty) are warranted for one year from the date of the original
VK-32SE purchase.
3. Limited to Original Purchaser
This warranty is for the sole benefit of the original purchaser of the covered product, and may not be transferred
to a subsequent purchaser of the product.
4. Conditions and Limitations
This warranty is subject to certain conditions and limitations, as follows. This warranty is void and inapplicable
if the product has not been used in accordance with the instructions found elsewhere in this manual, or if it has
been misused or abused, damaged by accident or neglect, or in transport once in possession of the purchaser.
The warranty is also void if the product has been repaired, modified, or tampered with by anyone other than
Balanced Audio Technology or its specifically authorized agents.
5. Remedy
If this product contains a materials, manufacturing, or workmanship defect that cannot be repaired at the
dealership where the product was purchased, it must be packed in original packaging and returned to Balanced
Audio Technology via insured freight, at the owners expense. If replacement packaging materials are required,
they will be supplied by the factory at a nominal charge. Returned products must be accompanied by a
written description of the defect, and a return authorization number (available from the factory via
phone or fax). Upon receipt of defective product, Balanced Audio Technology agrees to repair the product
without charge for parts (except vacuum tubes if the unit is more than one year old), or labor. The product will
then be returned via prepaid, insured freight, with carrier at the sole determination of Balanced Audio
Technology. This constitutes the purchasers sole remedy.
6. Design Changes
Balanced Audio Technology reserves the right to modify its products or change specifications at any time
without obligation or liability to previous purchasers.
7. Miscellaneous
Any implied warranties relating to the above product shall be limited to the duration of this warranty. This
warranty does not extend to any incidental or consequential costs or damages to the purchaser. This warranty
gives you specific legal rights. You may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
22