Cruiser 455 O/M Covers
9/3/03
5:28 AM
Page iii
455 Series
Owner’s Manual
455 Seriesm Boats
Table ofsFContents
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1. Introduction ............................................................................
1-1
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2. Specifications
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3. Controls
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7. Storage for Extended Lay-Up ............................................... 7-1
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455 Series
8.
General Maintenance ............................................................ 8-1
9.
Accessory Items .................................................................... 9-1
10.
Troubleshooting .................................................................. 10-1
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455 Series
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ii
455 Series
Section 1 – Introduction
WELCOME ABOARD ............................1-2
SKIPPER’S KIT .....................................1-2
Owner’s Manual, Boat ......................1-2
Owner’s Manuals, Onboard Systems
and Components ..............................1-3
AVAILABLE FEATURES .......................1-3
WARRANTY INFORMATION.................1-3
Dealership Responsibilities ..............1-3
Your Responsibilities ........................1-4
Warranty Service ..............................1-4
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455 Series
1-1
455 Series
WELCOME ABOARD!!
SKIPPER’S KIT
Welcome to the Cruiser Yachts family of
happy boat owners.
The Skipper’s Kit contains the 455 Series
owner’s manual. Also included is information
about onboard systems and components
furnished by suppliers other than Cruisers
Yachts.
First off, we wish to thank you for making
our 455 Series Boat your recreational
choice for boating enjoyment. Extensive
design and engineering research went into
the development of the 455 Series Boat;
and we feel that there is a beautiful balance
between structural integrity and creature
comforts.
Owner’s Manual, 455 Series
Boats
Section 1 contains a description of the
Skipper’s Kit and information about the warranty.
Section 2 contains boat specifications such
as dimensions and capacities. There are
also layout diagrams to introduce you to
floorplans as well as the locations of various
components.
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. 4 contains principles of operation
You should know that your boat was manuw Section
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factured by trained craftsmen in the tradition
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for
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of meeting or exceeding existing safety and
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F Series Boats. Look in this section for electris
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quality standards established by the U.S.
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Coast Guard and the Boating Industry of
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America.
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Section 5 contains instructions for operating
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the boat. The section begins with safety
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Cruisers Yachts has been manufacturing
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information which is “must” reading.
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boats for more than 50 years. We take pride
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in our craftsmanship and hull performance. nlo
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Section 6 contains maintenance instructions
Throughout
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We are confident you will enjoy the ride. For
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for services that need to be performed on a
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you, the Cruisers Yachts name is your
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regular basis.
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assurance that your boat will hold its value tp ! WARNING or ! CAUTION.
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WARNINGS indicate hazards or unsafe
while providing many years of boating pleah
Section 7 contains instructions for storing
practices which could result in personal
sure. We have made a commitment to this
industry and are glad to have you as a partner.
Congratulations on your choice – let us
know if we can be of further service.
1-2
Spend some time looking through this manual. It contains information concerning the
operation and care of your boat. The
descriptions contained within the manual will
introduce you to the features of the boat and
provide you with a general knowledge of
how the equipment works. The manual is
divided into ten sections and each section is
introduced by a table of contents to help you
quickly find needed information. Become
familiar with the material in each section
before operating your boat.
Section 3 contains descriptions of all the
controls and indicators on the dash of the
helm.
injury or death. CAUTIONS indicate situations which could result in damage to the
boat and its various systems.
the boat for extended periods of time and
prep instructions for after storage.
Section 8 contains information about the
care of your boat, and how to repair minor
damage.
455 Series
Section 9 contains information about the
standard and optional accessory items
which complement your new Cruisers
Yachts boat.
Section 10 contains a brief troubleshooting
section.
AVAILABLE FEATURES
G
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G
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Engine Operation/Maintenance
- Electric Schematic
Hydraulic Steering Manual
RACOR Fuel Filter/Water Separator
Electric Stove
Battery Charger Manual
Water Heater Manual
Trim Tabs Manual
Refrigerator/Freezer User Manual
Generator Operation/Maintenance
- Electrical Schematics
- Service Centers Directory
Electric Anchor Windlass
Operation/Maintenance Manual
Air Conditioner Information Packet
Stereo System Operation Manual
Compass Manual
Microwave User Manual
Marine Toilet Manual
Fire Suppression System
Information
Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detector
Handbook
Ice Maker Manual
Shaft Logs Manual
Washer/Dryer Manual
Bow Thruster Manual
Hydraulic Swim Platform Manual
Central Vacuum Manual
Spotlight Operation Manual
WARRANTY INFORMATION
Warranties for onboard systems and components furnished by suppliers other than
Cruisers Yachts are located inside the
Skipper’s Kit. Your Cruisers Yachts Dealer
will go through these with you. It is your
responsibility to fill out any warranty registration that may be required.
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warranty
by Cruisers Yachts is
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printed
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this manual. You
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.and the Cruisers Yachts ofDealership
Spend some time becoming familiar with all
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the information contained in the Skipper’s
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certain responsibilities to fulfill to keep the
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Kit. Besides containing separate warranty
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warranty in force.
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information, the kit contains manuals and
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pamphlets which provide important safety,
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Dealership Responsibilities
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operating and maintenance instructions for
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those systems and components not manuf iser
1. The dealer will discuss the terms of all
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factured by Cruisers Yachts. Depending on
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warranties, and stress the importance of
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the options you chose the kit may contain ad
registering warranties with the appropriC
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ate manufacturers.
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2. The dealer will provide instruction for
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obtaining warranty service.
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3. The dealer will go over the predelivery
Owner’s Manuals for Onboard
Systems and Components
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455 Series
service record with you and then sign it
to certify that all work has been accomplished.
4. The dealer will provide you with thorough instructions in the operation of your
boat and all its systems.
1-3
455 Series
Your Responsibilities
Warranty Service
1. Sit down with the dealer and go over all
warranties. Fill in the Cruisers Yachts
Limited Warranty Registration Card
which is located inside the Skipper’s Kit.
Keep a record of the hull number for
future reference.
You are entitled to all the benefits and services set down in the warranties. If a problem arises with your Cruisers Yachts boat as
a result of workmanship or materials, contact your Cruisers Yachts dealer as soon as
possible. Please have your hull identification
number and necessary model numbers on
hand for the items that may need service or
repair. Your hull identification number is
located below the rub rail on the starboard
side of the transom.
2. Inspect the boat at the time of delivery to
ensure that all systems are operating
properly.
3.
4.
5.
6.
1-4
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Sit down with the dealer and go over the
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predelivery service record. Sign this
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record to indicate that it has been
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explained to you.
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Operate all equipment per the manuC wn
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Cruisers Yachts recommends that you
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refer to your engine warranty for initial
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inspection and service requirements.
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Perform or provide for the appropriate
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periodic maintenance outlined in the tp
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owner’s manuals and service guides.
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455 Series
Section 2 – Specifications and Layout
SPECIFICATIONS ............................... 2-3
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GENERALn
LAYOUT
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ENGINES ............................................. 2-3
455 Series
2-1
455 Series
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2-2
455 Series
SPECIFICATIONS
Measurements
L.O.A. Hull with Standard Swim Platform ............................................................ 45'6" / 13.9 m
L.O.A. Hull with Optional High/Low Swim Platform ............................................. 48'0" / 14.6 m
Beam ........................................................................................................................ 15'4" / 4.7 m
Approximate Weight, Diesel Engines (lbs).................................................... 34,000 / 15,300 kg
Fuel Capacity (U.S. Gallons) .................................................................................. 500 / 1890 L
Water System Capacity (U.S. Gallons) .................................................................... 135 / 511 L
Holding Tank Capacity (U.S. Gallons) ....................................................................... 100 / 377 L
Cabin Headroom (minimum) .................................................................................... 6'5" / 1.9 m
Height - Keel to Top of Windshield ......................................................................... 14'9" / 4.5 m
Height - Keel to Top of Arch .................................................................................... 17'7" / 5.2 m
Draft: Hull / with Engine .......................................................................... 33"/39" / 0.85 / 0.99 m
Bridge Clearance (w/Arch) ...................................................................................... 15'4" / 4.7 m
Sleeping Accommodations .......................................................................................... 8 persons
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ENGINES: DIESEL
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455 Series
2-3
455 Series
GENERAL LAYOUT - Deck Hardware
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Spotlight
Recess Anchor Roller
Ropelocker/Windlass
Bow Cleat
Windlass Deck Switch (Out)
Windlass Deck Switch (In)
Amidship Cleat
Port Navigation Light
Starboard Navigation Light
Forward Waste Deck Plate
16
21
22
16
24
19
20
16
25
23
28
20
29
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Compass
Helmstation
Horn
Aft Waste Deck Plate
Fuel Fill
Courtesy Lights
AC Outlet GFI
Wetbar
Storage
Fender Storage
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
Cockpit Washdown
Speaker
City Water
Water Deck Plate
Stern Light
Shore Power Retractor
Shore Power Cord Switch
Phone/TV Jack
Cockpit Shower
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17 16
16 22
15
7
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3
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27
26
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16
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2-4
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16 16 15 10
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4
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5
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1
2
GL-DECK
455 Series
GENERAL LAYOUT - Interior
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
FSR TV
FSR Closet
Washer/Dryer
Dinette
Forward Vanity
Forward Head Unit
Forward Shower
Microwave
Coffee Maker
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
MSR Head Unit
MSR Head Vanity
MSR Head Shower and Tub
MSR Closet
Master Stateroom
Forward Stateroom
Air Conditioning Unit
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18
22
10
25
21
20
19
455 Series
Refrigerator
Galley
Salon
Stove
Galley Sink
Salon TV
AC/DC Panel
Vacuum
MSR TV
15
16
9
8
25
12
14
13
7
17
11
6
1
5
3
4
25
24
2
GL-INTERIOR
2-5
455 Series
GENERAL LAYOUT - VOLVO
1
3
22
20
21 26 27
23
7
25
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
28
29
37
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Port Fuel Tank
Starboard Fuel Tank
Port Fuel Filter
Starboard Fuel Filter
Starboard Engine
Battery
Port Engine Battery
Generator Battery
House Battery
Bow Thruster Battery
Aft Waste Tank
Forward Waste Tank
Forward Waste
Macerator
Aft Waste Macerator
Bilge Pump and Float
Switch
Engine Room Blower
Starboard Engine
Seacock
Starboard Engine
Strainer
Port Engine Seacock
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
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17
16
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35
18
36
5
8
6
11
8
Port Engine Strainer
Cockpit A/C Seacock
Cockpit A/C Strainer
A/C Seacock
A/C Strainer
Aft Waste Seacock
Forward Waste
Seacock
Hot Water Heater
(20 Gallon)
Hot Water Heater
(11 Gallon)
Water Pump
Cockpit A/C Pump
A/C Pump
Generator Muffler
Generator Unit
Generator Fuel Filter
Generator Overflow
Bottle
Generator Seacock
Generator Strainer
Cockpit A/C Unit
33
34
GL-VOLVO
2-6
455 Series
GENERAL LAYOUT - YANMAR
3
21 26
22
1
20
23
7
28
27
25
29
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
37
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4
2
455 Series
Port Fuel Tank
Starboard Fuel Tank
Port Fuel Filter
Starboard Fuel Filter
Starboard Engine
Battery
Port Engine Battery
Generator Battery
House Battery
Bow Thruster Battery
Aft Waste Tank
Forward Waste Tank
Forward Waste
Macerator
Aft Waste Macerator
Bilge Pump and
Float Switch
Engine Room Blower
Starboard Engine
Seacock
Starboard Engine
Strainer
Port Engine Seacock
35
18
36
5
8
6
11
8
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
Port Engine Strainer
Cockpit A/C Seacock
Cockpit A/C Strainer
A/C Seacock
A/C Strainer
Aft Waste Seacock
Forward Waste
Seacock
Hot Water Heater
(20 Gallon)
Hot Water Heater
(11 Gallon)
Water Pump
Cockpit A/C Pump
A/C Pump
Generator Muffler
Generator Unit
Generator Fuel Filter
Generator Overflow
Bottle
Generator Seacock
Generator Strainer
Cockpit A/C Unit
33
34
GL-YANMAR
2-7
455 Series
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2-8
455 Series
Section 3 – Dash Controls and Indicators
DASH LAYOUT ...................................... 3-2
Rudder Angle Indicator..................... 3-2
Fuel Gauges..................................... 3-2
Oil Pressure Gauges ........................ 3-2
Transmission Oil Pressure Gauges.. 3-2
Depth Finder..................................... 3-2
Bow Thruster .................................... 3-2
Stereo Remote ................................. 3-2
Gear Select Controls ........................ 3-2
Throttle Controls............................... 3-2
Spotlight Controls ............................. 3-2
Trim Tab Controls ............................. 3-3
High Water Alarm ............................. 3-3
Fire Suppression Display Unit.......... 3-3
12 Volt Outlet.................................... 3-3
Keypad ............................................. 3-3
Steering Wheel................................. 3-3
Compass .......................................... 3-3
VOLVO Display Screen .................... 3-3
YANMAR Teleflex Display Screen.... 3-3
VHF Radio........................................ 3-3
KEYPAD SWITCH FUNCTIONAL
DESCRIPTION....................................... 3-5
Horn.................................................. 3-5
Aft/Mid/Forward Pump...................... 3-5
Port/Starboard Wiper........................ 3-5
Port/Starboard Washer..................... 3-5
Spreader/Engine Room Lights ......... 3-5
Anchor/Nav Lights ............................ 3-5
Cockpit Lights................................... 3-5
Boarding Lights ................................ 3-5
Engine Room Fans .......................... 3-6
Windlass Power................................ 3-6
Battery Parallel ................................. 3-6
Keyless Operation ............................ 3-6
Engine Ignition Start/Stop ................ 3-6
Dim ................................................... 3-6
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455 Series
3-1
455 Series
DASH LAYOUT
Key to Dash Layout
1 - TRANSMISSION OIL PRESSURE
GAUGES
The port gauge is a transmission oil pressure
gauge for the port engine transmission, and
the starboard gauge is a transmission oil
pressure gauge for the starboard engine
transmission. The transmissions are hydraulically operated and ideally should read
between 300 and 320 psi. Small fluctuations
are normal, but major variations may indicate
trouble. If pressure changes radically, shut
engines off and see your Cruisers Yachts
Dealer.
4 - RUDDER ANGLE INDICATOR
8 - SEAKEY EMERGENCY PANEL
The rudder angle indicator shows the
position of the rudder in relation to the
centerline of the boat. This instrument is
used to aid in low speed maneuvering.
Since a yacht of this size responds slowly to
the rudder at slow speeds, the rudder angle
indicator gives a quick reference to the
amount of rudder being used in a turn.
See the SeaKey owner’s manual that is
included in the Skipper’s Kit for a detailed
description of the functions.
9 - SPOTLIGHT CONTROLS
The spotlight is controlled from a joystick
keypad mounted at the helm.
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The compass has not been compensated.
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The compensating should be performed by er
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-.Press FAST to select fast light
a qualified compass adjuster. After the
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movement.
Press it again to turn light off.
compass has been adjusted, do notsallow
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any iron or steel objects to be placed
seto thein itsrsF DIRECTIONAL MOVEMENT - The center
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vicinity - even temporarily. u
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lever is moved left, right, fore and aft to
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2 - FUEL GAUGES
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move the light beam.
Kit for detailed information.
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IMPORTANT
6 - DEPTH
FINDER
AUTO SWEEP - With the light on, pushing
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Do not rely on the accuracy of gauges.
this button will sweep the light in about a
a depth finder
The
can be turned ON by
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Readings are only approximate and
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degree arc automatically. Press again
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the
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should always be compared to the w
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sweep.
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hours of use multiplied by the known
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fuel consumption (GPH).
p: 7 - FIRE SUPPRESSION DISPLAY UNIT SOS/DISTRESS - Press and hold for about
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5 seconds to automatically flash “SOS” in
h The display unit has an indicator lamp to
The port gauge is the port fuel tank gauge
International Morse Code. The light will
and the starboard gauge is the starboard
fuel tank gauge. The gauges indicate the
approximate amount of fuel in each tank.
3 - VOLVO DISPLAY SCREEN
See the Volvo display screen owner’s manual that is included in the Skipper’s Kit for a
detailed description of the functions.
3-2
5 - COMPASS
indicate fire suppression automatic fire
extinguisher status. The lamp should glow
when the ignition switch is in the “ON”
position indicating a charged system. Should
the system discharge, the lamp will not glow.
See Fire Suppression owner’s manual in the
Skipper’s Kit for complete details.
SLOW - Press SLOW once to select slow
light movement. Press it again to turn light
off.
sweep horizontally while flashing. Press
again to stop SOS flashing.
455 Series
10 - THROTTLE CONTROLS
The throttle control lever for the port engine
is the port side lever and the throttle control
lever for the starboard engine is the starboard lever. NEUTRAL is at the center,
FORWARD is forward (away from you) one
detent and REVERSE is aft (toward you)
one detent. Gradually push forward to go
into FORWARD and continue to push FORWARD to increase engine speed. Gradually
pull aft to go into REVERSE and continue to
pull toward you to increase engine speed.
Always return the controls to NEUTRAL
when the engines are not running.
12 - KEYPAD
The EVC panel is used in conjunction with
the electronic engine controls. It must be
energized before the engines are started.
This panel provides neutral warm-up functions. Please refer to the Volvo or Yanmar
owner's manual for detailed operator instructions.
18 - STEREO REMOTE
To trim the bow of your boat up, push the
bottom halves of both switches. Refer to
Suggested Operating Techniques in Section
5 for detailed information.
16 - 12 VOLT OUTLET
for a detailed description of the functions.
The keypad and all of its functions are
explained in the following pages.
17 - ELECTRONIC VESSEL CONTROL
(EVC) WARNING ALARM
The EVC warning alarm emits a warning for
the EVC system.
13 - EVC PANEL
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14 - STEERING WHEEL
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either the port or starboard side and the bow
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steering
wheel
is
hydraulically
linked
to
of the boat will move accordingly. This is to
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11 - TRIM TAB CONTROLS
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the rudders
for ease of
operation.
aid in the docking of your yacht.
O
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IMPORTANT
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See f
Section 4, Principles
e
Push the trim tab rocker switches in
d
s
detailed
information
on the steering system.
i
20 - HIGH WATER ALARM
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half second bursts. Holding the rockers d
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a 15 - VHF
The alarm will sound when the high water
C RADIO
.
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down too long will over trim the boat.
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alarm float switch is activated.
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See
the
Raymarine
owner’s
manual
that
is
The trim tab rocker switches D
areoused to /w
in the Skipper’s Kit for a detailed
YANMAR TELEFLEX DISPLAY SCREEN
:/ included
correct the trim of you boat while you p
are
t
description
of
the
functions.
See the Teleflex display screen owner’s
tboat
underway. To trim the bow of your
h
manual that is included in the Skipper’s Kit
down, push the top halves of both switches.
455 Series
Allows the stereo to be controlled from
the helm station. There are stereo remotes
located throughout your boat to make
stereo control easier.
This receptacle provides 12 volt DC power
to portable accessories such as cellular
telephones.
3-3
455 Series
VOLVO DASH LAYOUT
1
3
2
20
19
18
5
4
2
6
1
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17
16
15
14
7
8
9
10
11
12
VOLVO DASH
3-4
455 Series
KEYPAD SWITCH FUNCTIONAL
DESCRIPTION
Keypad Layout
1 - HORN
The HORN button is a momentary button
controlling the horn. The horn will sound as
long as the button is pressed.
function for the wiper(s) that were energized
by the WASHER button allowing the
wiper(s) to stay on for several cycles and
then park. If a wiper was on prior to the
washer cycle, it will remain on at its commanded speed both during and after the
washer cycle. The water for the washer system is supplied from the freshwater system
button while the cockpit lights are in the
timer state will turn the lights off. If the lights
turn off due to the 5 minutes elapsing and
the button is pushed again, the lights will
turn on, repeating the cycle. The cockpit
lights are also controlled by momentary
rocker switches that are located at the
transom and salon entrances. These
switches emulate the keypad COCKPIT
lights button logic.
keypad or from the transom and salon
momentary switches.
The WINDLASS POWER button is a toggle
action function. Push the WINDLASS
POWER button to turn windlass power on.
The indicator will turn on when windlass
power is on. When the windlass power
indicator is on, pushing the up or down
arrows will cause the windlass to go up
or down.
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5 - SPREADER/ENGINE ROOM LIGHTS sF
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2 - AFT/MID/FORWARD PUMP
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These buttons are toggle action buttons
that
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.8 - BOARDING LIGHTS
These three buttons are toggle action
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control the corresponding lights. When
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buttons, push to turn on, push to turn off.
s light(s)
button is pressed, the corresponding
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They control the respective pumps. The
F the the keypad.
will turn on. When it isis
pressed again,
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indicator LEDs will illuminate when power is
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The boarding lights will toggle ON when the
light(s) will turn off.
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being supplied to the corresponding pump.
BOARDING button on the keypad is
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6 - ANCHOR/NAV
LIGHTS
pressed. They will toggle OFF when the
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3 - PORT/STARBOARD WIPER
e
button is pressed again.
Pressing
the iANCHOR/NAV
light button
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These are toggle action buttons that control d turns on the
uNavigation light. Pressing it a
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9 - ENGINE ROOM FANS
the wipers. Pressing a button will turn on
a
.
time turns the Navigation light off
litoa second
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wiper in the low speed mode. Pressing
button has a toggle action. Push the
w / wand the Anchor lights on. Pressing it a third This
second time will turn it on in theo
high speed w time turns them both off.
button
to turn the fans on, push it again to
/
mode. Pressing it a third timeD
will turn the
:
turn the fans off.
p
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wiper off and park the wiper. The LEDs
t
7
COCKPIT
LIGHTS
hspeed
indicate if the wiper is on and the
10 - WINDLASS POWER
The cockpit lights can be controlled from the
mode of the wiper.
4 - PORT/STARBOARD WASHER
The WASHER button is a momentary
action. The washer will stay on as long as
the button is pressed. If a wiper is not on,
the WASHER button will energize the wiper
in low speed. The system has an off-delay
455 Series
Pressing the COCKPIT lights button will turn
the cockpit lights on. Pressing this button
while the lights are on will start a 5-minute
timer. After the 5-minute time elapses, the
lights will automatically turn off. Pressing the
3-5
455 Series
11 - BATTERY PARALLEL
13 - ENGINE IGNITION START/STOP
This is a momentary function that controls
the battery parallel solenoid. When this
button is pressed, the battery parallel
solenoid is energized, connecting the two
cranking batteries in parallel. When it is
released, the solenoid is de-energized.
This function should be used only when
one of the cranking batteries is not charged
sufficiently to start the corresponding engine.
Successfully entering the correct four-digit
user code and pressing the ENTER button
will unlock the ignition system. At this point
the PORT and STBD ENGINE IGN buttons
are enabled (active). When the system is
unlocked, a 15-minute timer begins. When
the 15 minutes elapses, the system will
automatically lock if no further ignition
function buttons are pressed. Pressing
either engine ignition button will toggle the
corresponding master engine ignition relay
on and its indicator will light.
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12 - KEYLESS OPERATION
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Security is provided by using a keyless cone
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14 - DIM
four-digit user code followed by the ENTER
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button. The ENTER button also serves as a
The DIM arrows control the lightelevel
s
s
i and other
reset button if an error is made entering the
keypad LEDs and back-lighting,
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four-digit code. Simply press the ENTER
helm lights. Pressing the
C up arrowwthewillndown
button and start over.
increase the light m
level. Pressing
O
ro the elightrslevel.
arrow will decrease
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CAUTION
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Each key press must be within three
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3-6
455 Series
KEYPAD
12
1
2
3
4
ENTER
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PORT
1
STBD
ENG ROOM
ENGINE
STOP
ENGINE
STOP
FANS
HORN
PORT
STBD
13
STBD
PORT
WINDLASS
ENGINE
IGN
10
11
BATTERY
PARALLEL
ENGINE
START
ENGINE
START
ENGINE
IGN
POWER
DIM
14
FWD
WASHER
PUMP
4
MID
H
H
L
PUMP
STBD
L
PORT
2
AFT
COCKPIT
PUMP
BOARDING
3
ENG ROOM
SPREADER
8
NAV
ANCHOR
7
5
6
455 Series
KEYPAD
3-7
455 Series
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3-8
455 Series
Section 4 – Principles of Operation
POWER TRAIN...................................... 4-2
Engines ............................................ 4-2
Engine Ignition Start/Stop ................ 4-2
Reprogramming the User Code....... 4-3
Transmission.................................... 4-3
Shaft Assembly ................................ 4-3
Strut and Cutlass Bearing................ 4-4
Propellers......................................... 4-4
AC Electrical System ..................... 4-13
A Word About Galvanic Corrosion ... 4-51
A Word About Bonding................... 4-51
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SYSTEM .................... 4-51
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m Freshwater Tank ............................ 4-51
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City Water Hookup......................... 4-52
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Water Heater.................................. 4-52
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nValve) ...... 4-5 HEAD AND WASTE CONTAMINANT
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FUEL SYSTEM
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SYSTEM .............................................. 4-52
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STEERING
SYSTEM.............................
4-6
Waste Holding Tank ....................... 4-53
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Wheel ................................ 4-6
a Steering
Waste Disposal .............................. 4-53
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Rudder
4-6
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Head Operating Instructions .......... 4-54
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Pumps............................................ 4-56
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ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ........................ 4-7
Blowers ...........................................4-56
DC Electrical System ....................... 4-7
455 Series
4-1
455 Series
POWER TRAIN
The power generated by the engine is transmitted to the propeller via the transmission,
shaft coupling and the propeller shaft
assembly. The propeller shaft is supported
and aligned with the engine by a throughhull shaft log and an outside strut.
Engines
Each engine is cooled by seawater entering
the boat through a seacock in the hull bottom. The water enters the engine through
the engine water jacket and is returned to
the sea through the exhaust system.
A feature which is standard on diesel
engines is the freshwater cooling system.
This system uses the incoming seawater to
cool a secondary closed-cooling system.
The seawater flows through an engine
mounted heat exchanger, cools the closed
system coolant and is returned to the sea
via the exhaust system.
Engine Ignition Start/Stop
Successfully entering the correct keyless
code then pressing the ENTER button will
unlock the system. At this point the PORT
ENGINE IGN and STBD ENGINE IGN buttons are enabled. When the system is
unlocked, a 15-minute timer begins. If the
system senses that either or both engines
are running or rotating during the 15-minute
period, the timer is reset and turned OFF. If
neither engine starts during the 15-minute
period, the system will lock. It will then be
necessary to re-enter the user code to
unlock the system and enable starting the
engines.
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ALARM SYSTEMS
rs ForWith the system unlocked, pressing either
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s ENGINE START button will toggle the correi The alarm
Alarm systems are on all boats.
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will sound under the following
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sponding master engine ignition circuit ON,
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and the corresponding indicator will light.
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Engine temperature
exceeds
specified
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The 15-minute counter is reset each time
COOLING SYSTEM
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one of the six buttons which control the
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Engine oil pressure
drops below specified
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.
engine ignition is pressed. When the 15lo limits.
! CAUTION
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minute time elapses, and the tachometer
Transmission
oil temperature exceeds
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inputs are not detecting button activity or an
The cooling system starts at the o
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engine running, the system will automatically
cooling water seacock, which can
Ignition switches are “ON,” engines are
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turn the master ignition circuits OFF and
be shut off for a number of reat
“OFF.”
h
lock the system.
sons. Make sure the seacocks are
Your boat is powered by twin inboard
engines. All operation, specification and
maintenance information is contained in the
engine owner’s manual. Find this manual,
which is located in the Skipper’s Kit, and
familiarize yourself with it. The engine is the
heart of your boat and following the manufacturer’s recommendations will provide you
with continued boating pleasure.
G
G
G
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open before starting engines. The
absence of cooling water will
cause the engines to overheat
and cause irreparable damage.
4-2
To test the alarm system, turn the ignition
switch to the “ON” position. Depending upon
the engine, the alarm may sound immediately or after a few seconds delay.
If an ENGINE START indicator is ON, the
corresponding ENGINE START button is
enabled. The ENGINE START indicator will
light when the engine tachometer signal is
sensed, indicating engine rotation. It is
455 Series
important to note that the indicator does not
indicate when the engine is successfully
started but simply that the crank shaft is
rotating. The indicator will remain ON as
long as the system is receiving the signal
from the engine tachometer. At this point the
15-minute timer and further actuation of the
engine ignition button is disabled. The 15minute timer is disabled as long as one or
both engines are running. If both engines
are not running and none of the ENGINE
START/IGN buttons are pressed, the timer
is restarted and the system will lock when
the 15-minute time elapses.
Reprogramming the User Code
The following is a description of how to program/reprogram the four-digit user code.
1. Type in your four-digit code.
Caution: Do not press ENTER
2. Simultaneously press 1 and 4. If the
code was entered correctly the LED,
adjacent to 1, will blink approximately
twice a second, otherwise the LED will
remain off.
3. Type in the new four-digit code, once to
enter the code then once to verify, without pressing the ENTER button in
between.
Ex. If the desired code is 1, 2, 3, 4 then
the user will type in 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4.
If done correctly upon pressing the final
verification digit the system will unlock
and the unlock LED will remain
illuminated.
Caution: Each key press must be within
three seconds of each other or the
keypad will reset.
All the operation, specification and maintenance information is contained in the engine
owner’s manual.
Shaft Assembly
This assembly makes it possible for the
shaft to penetrate the hull bottom without
allowing water to enter around the joint. The
shaft coupling is the connecting point
between the engine and the shaft assembly.
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Rubber hose is clamped to the shaft log and
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When an engine is running, pressing and
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to the shaft seal. The flexibility of the rubber
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holding the ENGINE STOP button will turn
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hose allows it to absorb minor engine shock
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the corresponding master engine ignition
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such as moving from forward to reverse,
OFF. The ENGINE STOP button is a
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while maintaining a watertight seal on the
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momentary button and needs to be held in d
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shaft log and the shaft seal.
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until the engine is stopped.
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engines are OFF, by enteringD
either the :user
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code or the master codes correctlytand
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pressing the ENTER button. The system will
automatically lock after the 15-minute time
out period, if no engine rotation occurs. The
engine ignition circuits that are ON at this
time will automatically be turned OFF.
455 Series
SHAFT LOG
STRONG
SEAL
Transmission
Through a series of gears, the transmission
transmits the motive force of the engine to
the propeller. The transmission has one forward and one reverse speed and is shifted
by the transmission selector on the dash.
HULL
HOSE
CSR173-16
4-3
455 Series
SHAFT LOG
STAINLESS STEEL
INJECTION FITTING
HOSE CLAMPS
STRONG SEAL
!
CAUTION
The cutlass bearing is water lubricated. Running the propeller out of
the water could result in bearing
failure and damage to the shaft.
The propeller shaft is supported on the
outside of the hull by a strut. The strut is
equipped with a water lubricated plastic
bearing that permits free rotation of the
propeller shaft.
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propellers installed on your boat were
SHAFT SEAL
Strut and Cutlass Bearing
rs ForThe
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selected
because their diameter and pitch
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provide
the
optimum speed and perfore
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! CAUTION
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mance
under
average conditions of load.
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Propeller selection must be based upon the
The shaft seal and rubber tubing
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ability of the engine to turn the propeller and
should be inspected monthly for
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achieve the manufacturer’s recommended
wear, leakage and deterioration.
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RPM at full throttle.
Excessive water entry, especially if
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unattended, could result in the
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NOTE
submergence of the engine com-o
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partment or of the entire boat.
Variations from average loadings,
p:
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t
bottom condition and/or engine conh
dition could call for a propeller
STRUT
change to achieve the performance
desired.
CUTLASS BEARING
CSR161-7A
4-4
455 Series
SELECTING A PROPELLER
!
CAUTION
Improper propeller selection and
installation could result in loss of
the propeller and/or excessive
stresses on the power train leading to power train failure. Cruisers
Yachts recommends that you consult with and employ the skills of
your dealer when contemplating a
change.
FUEL SYSTEM (Crossover Valve)
Your boat is equipped with an internal fuel
system meeting current federal requirements. The best materials and components
available are used to assemble the fuel system.
The manual valves can control the fuel supply to the engines in five ways:
1. Both handles pointing aft shuts the flow
of fuel OFF.
2. When both handles point forward each
engine can receive fuel from its respective tank; the port engine receives fuel
from the port fuel tank and the starboard
engine receives fuel from the starboard
tank.
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engines receive fuel from both tanks.
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4. With the port handle pointing aft and the
First, ensure that the diameter and pitch
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starboard handle pointing outboard, both
provides the performance desired. The
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engines receive fuel from the starboard
engine RPM at full throttle should be in the
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tank.
upper half of the recommended full throttle
f iser
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operating range. If RPMs are low, a proe
5. With the port handle pointing outboard
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peller with a smaller pitch will increase
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and the starboard handle pointing aft,
.
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RPMs. If RPMs are high, a propeller with
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both engines receive fuel from the port
are also crossover valves between
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tank.
o //w the tanks located at the top of the fuel tanks
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Second, ensure that the propeller rotation
p: is under the fuel access hatch.
t
! WARNING
t
consistent with engine and gearh
box rotaFuel fill caps are located on the deck walkLeaking fuel and fumes are a fire
tion. Your boat is designed with counterrotating inboards for minimum torque effects.
Third, ensure that the installation provides
adequate safety features such as a straight
key, a propeller nut, a jam nut and a cotter
pin. Refer to Section 8 for installation
instructions.
455 Series
Model 455 boats have two aluminum, 250
gallon tanks located in the engine compartment. The tank outlets to the engines have
a manual valve for fuel shut-off in the event
of a line break. To access the manual valves
or tank fittings open the fuel access hatch.
The valves are on the top of the fuel tank.
These valves are attached to the fuel tank
outlet and return lines. The valves are
closed when the handle is perpendicular to
the fuel line and open when the handle is
inline with the fuel line.
around of the boat. Near the fill cap is a vent
which allows air to move in and out of the
tank as the fuel level changes. The fill for
the starboard tank is on the starboard walkaround and the port fill is on the port walkaround.
and explosion hazard. Inspect the
entire fuel system regularly.
All fuel system components must be
checked before each boating season and
regularly during the season for any leaks or
bad hose conditions. Make sure the fuel
system is leak-free.
4-5
455 Series
STEERING SYSTEM
Rudder
Your boat is equipped with hydraulic steering. The rotation of the steering wheel
results in an unbalanced hydraulic (oil) pressure in the two lines going from the helm to
the rudder cylinder. The pressure differential
is converted to linear motion by the
hydraulic steering cylinder which is mechanically linked to the rudder tiller arms. Both
rudder tiller arms are rigidly connected
together by a tie bar so that both rudders
respond equally to the helm.
The twin rudders are offset from the shaft
centerline to allow shaft removal without
having to remove the rudders. Each rudder
is also canted inboard slightly to allow for a
constant pressure of water to act upon the
rudder face. The pressure on the rudder
face prevents “flutter” in a 0° rudder position.
RUDDER
BEARING
AND SEAL
CSR173-59
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Steering Wheel
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The steering wheel uses the assistance of
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! CAUTION
e
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power steering to permit turning of the steers
i
The carrier seal should be inspecting wheel with a minimum of effort. It is
ru ner
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ed regularly for excessive water
important that you know how your boat
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entry. If left unattended, excessive
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operates and are aware of its limitations.
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water entry could result in the
Follow the operating techniques in Section 5.
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submergence of the engine come
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a
partment, or of the entire boat.
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Cruisers Yachts will not warrant
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damage incurred due to an
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improperly adjusted packing nut.
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55-11/16"
CENTER TO
CENTER
OF BALL
JOINTS OF
RUDDER
ARM
55-9/16"
CENTER TO
CENTER
OF RUDDER
CSR178-11
4-6
455 Series
DC Electrical System
!
WARNING
Considerable care has been taken
to design a safe electrical system
to protect you from hazardous
shocks. Any modifications to the
system should always be done by
an authorized Cruisers Yachts
dealer not only to protect your
warranty but to protect you from
hazardous shock.
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The positive wire is hot and feeds current
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from the batteries to the various 12 volt sysw
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TRIM TABS
ELECTRICAL
SYSTEM
O
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tems and the negative wire is the ground.
s with two electrical
r
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The trim tab system is an electro-hydraulic
Yourfboat is equipped
e
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s powered direct current Several engine options are equipped with up
i
e
system. Two rocker switches, marked port
systems; aubattery
d
r and a generator or shore pow- to six batteries. There is a cranking battery
a (DC).system
and starboard, control a hydraulic pump o
and
C
l
w alternating current (AC) system. Both for each engine, two batteries in parallel for
solenoids. The pump sends hydraulicn
oil to
ered
w
w
hydraulic actuators (cylinders) which
are controlled from the AC/DC
o thelower//w systems
12 volt house power, a generator battery
Dtabs,
the trim tabs. To raise the trim
master
panel.
:
and an optional bow thruster battery.
poil to
rocker switch is moved which allows
t
t
The DC system supplies power to all of the
h
flow from the actuator to the pump.
When the engines are running all batteries
boat’s 12V electrical circuits (lights, pumps,
ROCKER
SWITCHES
TRIM
TAB
PUMP
AND
SOLENOIDS
TRIM TAB
TRIM TAB
ZINC PLATE
CSR164-15A
blowers, ignition, etc.).
The AC system supplies power to the
120/240 volt systems when the boat is
moored at the dock or slip, or when the generator is running.
455 Series
are charged by the alternators. There is a
battery charger for the house and cranking
batteries and an optional battery charger for
the optional bow thruster battery. The battery
chargers are powered by either the dockside
or generator 120VAC power. The generator
battery is charged by the generator.
4-7
455 Series
A bonding wire is extended through a #6
green wire from the bonding strip to a terminal behind the instrument panel. This will
facilitate electronics installation. In addition,
the handrails are attached to the bonding
system.
The house batteries are isolated from the
cranking batteries by a battery isolator.
When the engines and ignition switches are
“OFF” the isolator prevents house battery
loads from discharging the cranking batteries. When the batteries are being charged
by the alternators, the isolator automatically
isolates the batteries and will distribute the
charge among the batteries according to
individual need.
The meter is a convenience feature which
allows you to check on the condition of the
three batteries. With master breaker switch
in “OFF” position, turn battery test switch to:
G
G
“Stbd” to check the starboard engine
cranking battery.
“Port” to check the port engine cranking
battery.
“Generator” to check the generator
cranking battery.
“House” to check the house batteries.
“OFF” to disable meter and test circuit.
The switch type circuit breakers’ function
allows you to manually enable or interrupt a
circuit by moving the switch on or off. The
breakers protect the system receiving the
DC power by automatically opening the circuit should a short or overload condition
occur.
The resettable circuit breakers protect the
system receiving the DC power by automatically opening the circuit should a short or
overload occur.
m
u
r
o
F
s
mOF DC SYSTEMS
erOPERATION
o
c
n
. the table on the following
w Read
! CAUTION
m
through
O
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s
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pages to familiarize yourself with the DC
Never reset a breaker which
has
o
e
s withoutrsF systems on your boat.
i
been automatically tripped
u
r remedyingne
first discovering and
C
DC MASTER PANEL
the cause of m
the problem. w
O
o
s
r
The DC master panel consists of a voltr
f
e
d
s
meter, ammeter, a battery test switch, a
i
e
u
d
r
series of switch type and resettable circuit
a
C
.
lo
breakers, a generator start switch and the
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DC main circuit breaker.
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4-8
G
G
G
455 Series
DC PANEL CIRCUIT BREAKER FUNCTIONS
DC Circuit Breaker
Function
DC MAIN
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to connect power to rest of the circuit breakers on the panel except the bilge
pumps and the C.O. detectors. The Automatic bilge pump circuit breakers are mounted on the AUTOMATIC
BILGE PUMP C.B. PANEL located in the engine room. If any of the breakers are tripped, the white button popped
out, reset them immediately. The STEREO MEM, SHOWER SUMPS and C.O. DETECTORS circuit breakers are
connected directly to the 12V battery power. The C.O. DETECTORS and SHOWER SUMPS circuit breakers
should be reset immediately if they are tripped, popped out.
LIGHTS FSR
Put the circuit breaker in the “ON” position to connect power to the forward state room light switches.
CPT WASH DOWN
m
u
r
o
F
s
Put the circuit breaker in the “ON” position to connect power to
state room light switches.
r the master
m
e
o
c
n
. switches.
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to connect powerw
to the cockpit light
m
O
u in the aft head.
s to theolights
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to connect rpower
r
e
s powerrstoFthe forward head light switch.
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to connect
i
u
e to the head pumps. Power to the pumps must be “ON”
rto connectnpower
C
Put the breakers in the “ON” position
w
m will notsOflush.
or the electrically controlled heads
o
r
r power to the dockside retract motor. The motor can be controlled
f positionistoeconnect
Put the breaker in the “ON”
d
to extend or retracte
the dockside
cable by either the shore power cord retractor switch located just inboard of
u (aft
d
r
a
the shore power
cord
receptacle
starboard corner of the deck) or a remote control. The remote control is
C
.
o
included n
in lthe Captain’s
bag.
w
w
w /w
Puto
the breaker
in the “ON” position to turn on the fresh water pump and the fresh water tank gauge. The pump
D turn onp:automatically
/
will
when a fresh water demand is actuated, i.e. opening a faucet, and will run at the
t
speedtrequired to maintain water flow.
h
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to turn on the cockpit wash down pump.
FWD MACERATOR
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to turn on the forward macerator.
SPARE/AFT
MACERATOR
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to turn on the aft macerator.
LIGHTS MID CABIN
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to connect power to the mid cabin light switches.
LIGHTS GALLEY
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to connect power to the galley light switches.
REFRIGERATOR
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to connect power to the refrigerator.
LIGHTS MSR
LIGHTS COCKPIT
LIGHTS AFT HEAD
LIGHTS FWD HEAD
PUMP FWD HEAD,
PUMP AFT HEAD
SHORE POWER
RETRACT (OPTIONAL)
FRESH WATER PUMP
455 Series
4-9
455 Series
DC Circuit Breaker
Function
SPARE
This breaker is a spare for future use.
STEREO/TV AMP
Put the breaker in the “ON” position to connect power to the stereo and the TV antenna amplifier.
PME’S/STEREO MEM/
SHOWER SUMPS/
C.O. DETECTORS
These circuit breakers are not switchable. If an overload trips the breaker, determine the cause of the overload,
clear the fault and push the breaker reset button to reset it.
PME’S
This circuit breaker connects power to solenoids PME-1 and PME-2 which feed power to the two control circuit
PMEs (Power Management Enclosures) in the Grayhill control system. PME-1 and PME-2 have outputs that
are controlled by the keypad mounted at the helm.
STEREO MEM
SHOWER SUMPS
C.O. DETECTORS
BLOWERS ON
GENERATOR
AUXILIARY ENGINE
CONTROL
ADDITIONAL CIRCUIT
BREAKER PANELS
m
u
r
This breaker connects power to the stereo memory.
o
F
s
This breaker connects power to the shower sump pumps for automatic
operation.
shower sump
m to The
erthe pump
o
c
pumps are turned on by float switches when the water level causes
float
switches
rise.
In addition to the
n
. automatic operation.
w continuous
m
showers, air conditioners and sinks drain into the sumps,O
requiring
u to +12 volts directly, bypassing
sbreaker ois connected
r
r
This breaker connects power to the C.O. detectors.e
The
F this breaker immediately if it is tripped.
s
s
i
the DC MAIN circuit breaker for continuous C.O.
detection. r
Reset
u
r Switch theneblowers on for at least 4 minutes prior to starting the
C
This switch controls the engine room blowers.
w
m
engines or generator to rid the engine
room of s
fumes.
O
o
fr isether generator has started, then release the switch.
Push the START switch untild
you hear that
e and hold
u it in until the generator stops.
To stop push the STOP d
switch
r
a
C
.
o to start
These switches arelutilized
and stop the engines in the event that the keypad is not used for these funtions.
w
n
In normal operation
the
keys
should
be removed and the engine start/stop functions controlled from the keypad.
w
w /w
o
Dthree additional
There are
breaker panels located in the boat for localized functions. The panel locations and
:/on thecircuit
p
functions are shown
455 CIRCUIT BREAKER PANELS drawing.
t
ht
LOCATED ON THE FORWARD BULKHEAD IN THE ENGINE ROOM
4-10
PANEL LOCATED BELOW THE DASH
LOCATED ADJACENT TO AC/DC PANEL
35-E001B-Manual
455 Series
US STDS
BATTERY SELECTOR
240VAC METERS
100
240
0
60HZ
300
20
10
12
16
18
8
GENERATOR
24
DC VOLTS
STBD
OFF
HOUSE
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120 VAC
AC/HEATER
20A
DC MAIN
SPARE
FWD MACERATOR
LIGHTS
FSR
20A
OFF
OFF
15A
REFRIGERATOR
SPARE
OFF
LIGHTS
COCKPIT
15A
OFF
LIGHTS
GALLEY
LIGHTS
AFT HEAD
10A
OFF
REFIGERATOR
LIGHTS
FWD HEAD
15A
OFF
SPARE
5A
OFF
15A
LIGHTS
MID CABIN
OFF
15A
15A
OFF
AC
WATER PUMP
LIGHTS
MSR
OFF
10A
AFT MACERATOR
OFF
15A
AC/HEATER
15A
OFF
OUTLETS
AFT
20A
OFF
OFF
OUTLETS
MID
OFF
15A
OUTLETS
STBD
OFF
15A
15A
RANGE
OFF
SPARE
OUTLETS
COCKPIT
15A
OFF
15A
20A
OFF
15A
OUTLETS
GALLEY
OFF
25A
OFF
OFF
OUTLETS
PORT
80
100
MICROWAVE
CONVECTION
15A
60
DC AMPERES
OFF
100A
OFF
20A
40
0
12 VOLTS D.C.
ICE/
OFF
OFF
15A
MICROWAVE
REFRIGERATOR
OFF
15A
CHARGER
240 VAC
OFF
OFF
BATTERY
30
PORT
32
AC AMPERES
120 VAC
15A
40
50
0
AC VOLTS
20A
30
STEREO/TV AMP
BOW THRUST
BAT CHARGER
5A
PME’S
SPARE
15A
STEREO MEM
FRESH WATER
PUMP
10A
SHOWER SUMPS
SPARE
5A
C.O. DETECTORS
20A
OFF
20A
SPARE
OFF
OFF
OFF
15A
SPARE
SPARE
SHORE POWER
RETRACT
WATER
HEATER/HEATERS
20A
OFF
SPARE
15A
OFF
PLUG
DOCKSIDE
240/120 VAC
CARLINGSWITCH
PUMP
AFT HEAD
10A
OVEN
WATER
HEATER/HEATERS
GENERATOR
240/120 VAC
PUMP
FWD HEAD
AC/HEATER
CPT
SPARE
P&S ENG HTRS
15A
10A
SPARE
OFF
20A
SPARE
OFF
OFF
25A
20A
SPARE
CENTRAL VAC
WASHER DRYER
OFF
SPARE
OFF
OFF
20A
CPT WASH DOWN
POWER SOURCE
AVAILABLE
240 VAC
GEN
OFF
OFF
OFF
50A
50A
50A
120 VAC
LINE 1
240 VAC
DOCKSIDE
120 VAC
LINE 2
BLOWERS
ON
GENERATOR
START
AUXILIARY ENGINE CONTROL
"WARNING"
"REMOVE KEYS DURING NORMAL ENGINE OPERATION"
OFF
REVERSED
ON
POLARITY
OFF
IGN
!
DANGER
!
A GLOWING RED POLARITY LIGHT INDICATES REVERSED POLARITY.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD EXISTS AND DAMAGE TO APPLIANCES
WILL OCCUR. DO NOT USE SHORE POWER WHILE RED LIGHT IS ON.
DISCONNECT THE SHORE CORD AND HAVE THE SHORE OUTLET
SERVICED BY A QUALIFIED ELECTRICIAN BEFORE USING.
STOP
(DSL)
DIAGNOSTIC
(DSL)
OFF
STOP
IGN
START
START
STOP
(DSL)
PORT
STBD
CSR178-12
455 Series
4-11
455 Series
INTL STDS 2-30 AMP (220 VOLTS)
0
300
AC VOLTS
1
BATTERY
BANK
SELECTOR
PORT
STBD
OFF
HOUSE
GENERATOR
A.C.
METERS
0
10 20 30 40
START
50
ON
8
16
AC AMPERES
2
DC VOLTS
STOP/
PREHEAT
220 VAC 50 HZ
100
0
DC AMPS
BLOWER
12 VDC
OFF
15A
LIGHTS
ENTRY
15A
LIGHTS
FWD HEAD
15A
LIGHTS
AFT HEAD
15A
PUMP
FWD HEAD
15A
PUMP
AFT HEAD
20A
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
5A
T
OFF
15A
LIGHTS
GALLEY
REFRIGERATOR
LIGHTS
INDIRECT
FWD HEAD
MACERATOR
5A
CO MONITOR
FSR
FRESH WATER
PUMP
5A
CO MONITOR
ASR
GEN/BLOWER
5A
CO MONITOR
GSR
IGN PORT
T
CARLINGSWITCH
LIGHTS
GSR
SPARE
OFF
POWER
AVAILABLE
220 VAC #2
TRANSFER
50 HZ
SHOWER
PUMPS
OFF
15A
100A
OFF
WATER
HEATER
OFF
10A
OFF
AC/HEATER
ASR
OFF
10A
OFF
AC/HEATER
SALON
OFF
15A
OFF
JACUZZI
OFF
15A
OFF
REVERSED
POLARITY
LIGHTS
ASR
OUTLETS
ASR
OFF
15A
AFT HEAD
MACERATOR
15A
OFF
20A
15A
OUTLETS
STBD SALON
OFF
20A
OFF
10A
LIGHTS
FSR
15A
OFF
POWER
AVAILABLE
220 VAC #1
GENERATOR
50 HZ
10A
15A
RANGE
OFF
BOW THRUST
CHARGER 12V
10A
DC MAIN
OVEN
OFF
AIR COND
PUMP
15A
DC MAIN
100A
OFF
AC/HEATER
FSR
10A
ICE/
REFRIGERATOR
OFF
WASHER/
DRYER
10A
OFF
OUTLETS
PORT SALON
REFRIGERATOR
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10A
OFF
REVERSED
POLARITY
OFF
10A
OUTLETS
FSR
OFF
10A
OFF
10A
CENTRAL
VACUUM
OFF
15A
OFF
10A
MICROWAVE/
CONVECTION
OFF
10A
BATTERY
CHARGER 12V
OFF
10A
OFF
10A
OFF
15A
WATER
HEATER
OFF
15A
CARLINGSWITCH
OFF
OFF
30A
ON
I
30A
30A
50A
50A
30A
ON
I
OFF
15A
OFF
15A
OFF
IGN STBD
MASTER
IGNITION
PORT
STBD
CSR178-13
4-12
455 Series
AC Electrical System
!
WARNING
Considerable care has been taken
to design a safe electrical system
to protect you from hazardous
shocks. Any modifications to the
system should always be done by
an authorized Cruisers Yachts
dealer not only to protect your
warranty, but to protect you from
hazardous shock.
AC MASTER PANEL
United States Version
120/240 VAC, 50 amp, 60 hertz single
phase is the standard power system. An
onboard generator will furnish 120/240 VAC
single phase power.
they also protect the system receiving the
AC load by automatically breaking the circuit
in cases of shorts or overloads.
IMPORTANT
Read the generator owner’s manual
contained in the Skipper’s Kit before
operating the generator for the first
time. The manual contains important
operation and maintenance information.
m
u
r
o
220 VAC, 32 amp, 50 hertz single phase issF
r com
the optional international power system.
An
e
n
.
onboard generator will furnish 220
VAC 50
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O
u The generator is started from it’s own bathertz power.
s
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r
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e
F
tery.
s powerrsfrom
i
AC POWER
The load center can
receive
u
r
nedockside
dockside or theCgenerator. For
To start the generator, hold generator switch
The standard AC electrical system in the
w
m
power, move
the slideO
protector over the
the START position until you hear that the
o
455 is wired for 120/240 volts AC, 50 amps,
s turn on the dockside ingenerator
r breakererand
f
generator
has started, then release switch.
single phase, 60 hertz power. The neutral
d
s
i
breaker.
For
generator
power,
move
the
e
The switch will automatically return to the
u over the dockside breaker
(white) conductor is connected to shore
d
r
a
slide protector
C
RUN position and AC power is applied to
grounded neutral. The boat ground (green
.
lo andwturn on the generator breaker.
n
the load center or centers selected.
wire) is connected to the dockside ground
w
w
via a galvanic isolator. The galvanic
/w
Do isolator
/
Turn generator off by placing the generator
reduces galvanic corrosion due to stray :low
p
! CAUTION
t
switch in the STOP position.
voltage DC currents between the boat
t
h
ground and the dockside earth ground.
Never reset a breaker which has
An optional AC system for non US power is
wired for 220 volt, 32 amp, 50 hertz power.
International Version
been automatically tripped without
first discovering and remedying
the cause of the problem.
The circuit breakers’ function is twofold; they
allow you to manually enable or interrupt a
circuit by flipping the switch ON or OFF and
455 Series
The power transfer slide protector prevents
accidental use of shore power and generator power at the same time. Slide protector
positioning is discussed under Operation of
AC Systems.
4-13
455 Series
OPERATION OF AC SYSTEMS
Connecting Shore Power Cable:
1. Make sure the shore dockside breaker,
located in the Aft Stateroom (aft starboard corner storage cabinet, aft of the
make-up cabinet) and the boat main
dockside breaker and the boat AC/DC
panel DOCKSIDE breakers located on
the lower left portion of the AC/DC panel.
Disconnecting Shore Dockside Power:
1. Switch the boat DOCKSIDE 240/120
VAC circuit breaker “OFF.”
2. Switch the boat dockside power circuit
breaker “OFF.”
Further, ABYC A-28.13.2 requires the statusindicating device for the galvanic isolator shall
be mounted in a location readily apparent to
the vessel operator. Because the galvanic
isolators are not located where these diodes
are readily apparent, a status indicating panel
has been installed in the AC/DC panel area to
duplicate the indications of the LEDs on the
galvanic isolator(s), L1 and L2 for dual docksides. The galvanic isolator is located behind
the AC/DC panel. Each galvanic isolator dockside circuit has a red and a green status indicating diode. The following LED FUNCTION
CHART describes the monitoring functions.
m
u
r
3. Switch the shore dockside power circuit
o
F
s
breaker “OFF.”
r com
e
n
. When the dockside power is
4. Disconnect the dockside power cable.
w GREEN
Switch the shore dockside breaker “ON.”
m
O
and the green LED is
u connected
s
Switch the boat dockside power breaker
r
r
Galvanic Isolators
o
on
continuously,
the galvanic
e
F
“ON.” Then check the AC/DC panel
s
The Galvanic Isolator(s) installed
in Cruisers
s
i
isolator
is
functioning
normally
r
u A-28 ne
POWER SOURCE AVAILABLE indicator
r
Yachts comply with theCABYC
and
the
dockside
connection
is
lights. 120 VAC LINE 1, VAC DOCKstandard. Sectionm
A-28.13 requires
status
w
correct.
When
the
dockside
SIDE and 120 VAC LINE 2 indicator
O The
ogalvanicerisolator.
monitoring of r
the
s
power is disconnected, it will
f
lights should be “ON.” The REVERSED
conditions
monitored are:
d
s
take a minute or more for the red
i
POLARITY light should be off.
e
u
d
LED to start blinking.
r or open condition of any
A-28.13.1.1
shorted
a
C
.
o
l
red LED is on continuously,
wfailure to block galvanic current RED itIf the
! CAUTION
n diode;
w
A-28.13.1.2
w
indicates
a faulty condition
o /at/1.1
wvolts DC;
Do not turn the DOCKSIDE 240/120
internal to the galvanic isolator.
D
: A-28.13.1.3 circuit continuity of the shore
VAC breaker on if the REVERSED
p
The galvanic isolator must be
t
t
POLARITY light is “ON.” Severe
grounding
circuit;
replaced.
h A-28.13.1.4 operation of the status monitordamage to the electrical system
2. Connect the shore power cable to the
boat receptacle and then connect the
shore power cable to the dockside
power source.
3.
lights are normal, then the DOCKSIDE
240/120 VAC circuit breaker may be
switched on. AC and DC circuit breakers
may then be switched “ON” as needed.
could result. Disconnect the cable
and have the fault corrected by a
qualified electrician.
4. Be sure the DC MAIN circuit breaker is
“OFF” and any 120 VAC or 240 VAC
that should not receive power immediately are switched “OFF.” If the indicator
4-14
ing device.
Yachts with single docksides have one
galvanic isolator. Yachts with dual docksides
have two galvanic isolators. The galvanic
isolators have status indicating LEDs (light
emitting diodes) which indicate the conditions required in A-28.13.
RED
If the red LED is blinking on
and off, either:
1. The dockside power is
disconnected, or;
2. There is a large amount of
current in the grounding
system. Refer this issue to a
qualified electrician.
455 Series
AC PANEL CIRCUIT BREAKERS
When the AC panel is receiving power the
following circuit breakers can be switched
“ON.” Refer to the INTERIOR OUTLET
PLAN LAYOUT and the DECK OUTLET
LAYOUT drawings for location details.
120 VAC CIRCUIT BREAKER FUNCTIONS
AC Circuit Breaker
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Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the microwave
oven is controlled by its front panel controls.
m
O
Refer to the Skipper’s Kit for detailed oven operating
instructions.
rs For
e
s
s 120 volt AC outlet and the outlet in the forward
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power toi the salon r
port
u
e
r
stateroom.
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m
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect
toO
the galley GFCI outlets.
o power
s
r
r
f
e to the cockpit 120 volt AC GFCI outlet.
Switch the breaker “ON”dto connect ipower
s
e
u power to the optional bow thruster battery charger.
d
r
Switch the breaker
“ON” to connect
a
C
.
lo
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n
w
w
Dothe pbreaker
//w“ON” to connect power to the optional washer/dryer. Refer to the Skipper’s Kit for washer/dryer
Switch
:
operation
ttinstructions.
h
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the optional engine heaters.
Function
BATTERY CHARGER Switch the breaker “ON” to connect 120 VAC to the battery charger. This 12VDC battery charger charges the engine
cranking batteries and the house batteries. These batteries are also charged by the engine alternators when the
engines are running.
MICROWAVE
OUTLETS PORT
OUTLETS GALLEY
OUTLETS COCKPIT
SPARE/BOW
THRUST BATTERY
CHARGER
SPARE/
WASHER DRYER
SPARE/P&S
ENGINE HEATERS
IMPORTANT! Refer to the engine heater instructions in the Skipper’s Kit for proper operation of the engine heaters.
The heaters or engines could be damaged if the heaters are not operated as detailed in the engine heater manual.
SPARE/WATER
HEATER/HEATERS
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the optional water heater(s). Refer to water heater instructions in the
Skipper’s Kit for proper operation.
REFRIGERATOR
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the refrigerator. Refer to the Skipper’s Kit for refrigerator operation
instructions.
455 Series
4-15
455 Series
120 VAC CIRCUIT BREAKER FUNCTIONS (continued)
AC Switch
Function
ICE/REFRIGERATOR Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the cockpit ice maker/refrigerator.
RANGE
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the galley range.
OUTLETS STBD
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the salon starboard dinette 120 volt AC outlets, the forward head GFCI
outlet and the forward stateroom starboard outlet.
OUTLETS MID
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the mid cabin 120 volt AC outlets.
OUTLETS AFT
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the port aft stateroom GFCI outlet and the other aft stateroom outlets.
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CENTRAL VAC
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the central vacuum cleaner system.
F
s
r com
SPARE/OVEN
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the optional convectione
oven.
n
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SPARE
This spare circuit breaker is available for optional 120 VAC equipment.
O
rs For
240 VAC CIRCUIT BREAKER FUNCTIONS
e
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AC/HEATER
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power to the
salon air conditioner/heater.
e
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C wn air conditioner/heater.
AC/HEATER
Switch the breaker “ON” to connect power
to the aft stateroom
m
o erairsOconditioner water pump. The pump must be switched on when
AC WATER PUMP
Switch the breaker “ON” to connectfr
power to the
d on. uis
either or both air conditionerse
are
d
ais available.Cforr options.
SPARE
This spare circuit breaker
o
l
n“ON” to turnwonwboth water heaters.
SPARE/
Switch the breaker
w
o //w
WATER HEATER/
D
HEATERS
p:
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4-16
455 Series
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455 Series
4-17
455 Series
DIESEL LAYOUT
7
9
11
13
14
3
1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
8
17
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16
15
6
21
24
20
25
5
23
23.
24.
25.
26.
12
7
2
10
22
4
18
19
27
8
27.
26
38-R004D-1
4-18
Port Fuel Tank (250 Gallon)
Starboard Fuel Tank (250 Gallon)
Port Engine Fuel Filter
Starboard Engine Fuel Filter
Genset Fuel Filter
Generator Unit
Diesel Fuel Deck Plate
6 Port Fuel Crossover
Port Tank Vent Hose, 12' (5/8" dia.)
Starboard Tank Vent Hose, 12' (5/8" dia.)
Fuel Fill Port Tank, 7' (2" dia.)
Fuel Fill Starboard Tank, 7' (2" dia.)
Port Tank to Filter, 32" (5/8" dia.)
Port Filter to X-Over, 28" (5/8" dia.)
Port X-Over to Engine, 5'8" (5/8" dia.)
Port Engine Return to X-Over, 5'4"
(3/8" dia.)
Port X-Over Return to Tank, 3'3"
(3/8" dia.)
Starboard Tank to Filter, 32" (5/8" dia.)
Starboard Filter to X-Over, 32" (5/8" dia.)
Starboard X-Over to Engine, 9'4"
(5/8"dia.)
Starboard Engine Return to X-Over,
12'6" (3/8" dia.)
Starboard X-Over Return to Tank, 3'3"
(3/8" dia.)
Tank to Genset Filter, 15'6" (3/8" dia.)
Filter to Genset, 4'4" (3/8" dia.)
Genset Return, 14'6" (3/8" dia.)
Port X-Over to Starboard X-Over, 11'
(5/8" dia.)
Port X-Over To Starboard X-Over, 11'4"
(3/8" dia.)
455 Series
DIESEL LAYOUT (CONT.)
7
23
9
11
14
TO STBD
SIDE
8
1
17
25
PORT
FUEL CROSSOVER
NORMAL POSITION
STBD VALVE HANDLE POINTS FWD
PORT VALVE HANDLE POINTS FWD
EMERGENCY SHARED POSITION
FUEL VALVE HANDLES POINT OUTBOARD
OFF POSITION
STBD VALVE HANDLE POINTS AFT
PORT VALVE HANDLE POINTS AFT
PORT TANK FEEDS BOTH ENGINES
STBD HANDLE POINTS AFT
PORT HANDLE POINTS OUTBOARD
STBD TANK FEEDS BOTH ENGINES
STBD HANDLE POINTS OUTBOARD
PORT HANDLE POINTS AFT
13
TO PORT
SIDE
5
FROM PORT
SIDE
26
3
27
16
27
15
22
8
STBD
PORT
19
PORT PROFILE
26
18
10
12
7
FUEL CROSSOVER
NORMAL POSITION
STBD VALVE HANDLE POINTS FWD
PORT VALVE HANDLE POINTS FWD
EMERGENCY SHARED POSITION
FUEL VALVE HANDLES POINT OUTBOARD
OFF POSITION
STBD VALVE HANDLE POINTS AFT
PORT VALVE HANDLE POINTS AFT
PORT TANK FEEDS BOTH ENGINES
STBD HANDLE POINTS AFT
PORT HANDLE POINTS OUTBOARD
STBD TANK FEEDS BOTH ENGINES
STBD HANDLE POINTS OUTBOARD
PORT HANDLE POINTS AFT
23.
24.
25.
26.
STBD PROFILE
455 Series
Port Fuel Tank (250 Gallon)
Starboard Fuel Tank (250 Gallon)
Port Engine Fuel Filter
Starboard Engine Fuel Filter
Genset Fuel Filter
Generator Unit
Diesel Fuel Deck Plate
6 Port Fuel Crossover
Port Tank Vent Hose, 12' (5/8" dia.)
Stbd Tank Vent Hose, 12' (5/8" dia.)
Fuel Fill Port Tank, 7' (2" dia.)
Fuel Fill Starboard Tank, 7' (2" dia.)
Port Tank to Filter, 32" (5/8" dia.)
Port Filter to X-Over, 28" (5/8" dia.)
Port X-Over to Engine, 5'8" (5/8" dia.)
Port Engine Return to X-Over, 5'4"
(3/8" dia.)
Port X-Over Return to Tank, 3'3"
(3/8" dia.)
Starboard Tank to Filter, 32" (5/8" dia.)
Starboard Filter to X-Over, 32" (5/8" dia.)
Starboard X-Over to Engine, 9'4" (5/8" dia.)
Starboard Engine Return to X-Over, 12'6"
(3/8" dia.)
Starboard X-Over Return to Tank, 3'3"
(3/8" dia.)
Tank to Genset Filter, 15'6" (3/8" dia.)
Filter to Genset, 4'4" (3/8" dia.)
Genset Return, 14'6" (3/8" dia.)
Port X-Over to Starboard X-Over, 11'
(5/8" dia.)
Port X-Over to Starboard X-Over, 11'4"
(3/8" dia.)
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STBD
24
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
6
27.
20
23
25
21
4
38-R004D-2
4-19
455 Series
FUEL TANK INSTALLATION
1. Port Fuel Tank (250 Gallon)
Starboard Fuel Tank (250 Gallon)
2. Neoprene Gasket
3. Soundfoam (1”)
1
D
FW
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2
3
38-R002D
4-20
455 Series
DIESEL FUEL TANK FITTINGS
5
3
2
1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
3/8" x 3/8" Elbow
3/8" Shut Off Valve
5/8" x 3/8" Adapter
3/8" x 3/8" Adapter
3/8" 90° Elbow W/Barb
Bushing, Reducer, 5/8" MPT x 3/8" FMT
Barb, Hose, 3/8" MPT x 3/8" NPT
m
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Note:
F
s
tank only.
The fittings are circled in
m
er fuel
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PURPLE.
Starboard
n
. of the fittings. tank uses 3/8" plugs in
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6
7
2
1
4
2
1
455 Series
38-R005D
4-21
455 Series
FORWARD ENGINE ROOM BULKHEAD
1. Engine Room Light
2. Battery Parallel Solenoid
3. 3 Mod Switch Box
Blank Switch
1 Way Switch
4.
5.
6.
7.
Genset Battery Switch
Starboard Engine Battery Switch
Accessory Battery Switch
Port Engine Battery Switch
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38-R001D-1
1
4-22
3
4
5
6
7
2
1
455 Series
AFT ENGINE ROOM BULKHEAD (VOLVO TAMD75P)
1. Fire Extinguisher (U.S.)
Fire Extinguisher (C.E.)
2. Fire Extinguisher Board (12" x 24")
3. 4" Engine Room Blower (U.S.)
4" Engine Room Blower (C.E.)
4. Blower Board (6" x 8")
5. Reverso Oil Exchange Unit
NOTE: Purple = optional equipment
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CL
2
3
455 Series
4
1
5
4
3
38-R001D-2
4-23
455 Series
AFT ENGINE ROOM BULKHEAD (YANMAR 6CX-GTE)
1. Fire Extinguisher (U.S.)
Fire Extinguisher (C.E.)
2. Fire Extinguisher Board (12" x 24")
3. 4" Engine Room Blower (U.S.)
4" Engine Room Blower (C.E.)
4. Blower Board (6" x 8")
5. Reverso Oil Exchange Unit
NOTE: Purple = optional equipment
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CL
2
3
4
1
3
4
5
38-R001D-5
4-24
455 Series
FORWARD GENERATOR ROOM BULKHEAD
1.
2.
3.
4.
Forward Waste Tank Vent Filter
Bow Thruster Battery Switch
Bow Thruster Fuse
4" Generator Room Blower (U.S.)
4" Generator Room Blower (C.E.)
5. Blower Board (6" x 8")
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4
1
455 Series
5
2
3
38-R004C
4-25
455 Series
AFT GENERATOR ROOM BULKHEAD
1
14
5
10,
11
Negative Terminal Bar
Positive Terminal Bar
Terminal Bar Cover
Battery Isolater, 120 Amp
Bow Thruster Battery Isolator
DC Main Fuse Block, 200 Amp
DC Main Fuse, 150 Amp
Windlass Fuse Block, 200 Amp
Windlass Fuse, 150 Amp
Helm Area Fuse Block, 200 Amp
Helm Area Fuse, 150 Amp
Helm Area Solenoid
A/C Pump Control Box
Blower Solenoid
24 Tab Ground Buss Panel
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15
6, 7
2, 3
8, 9
HOSE RUN
CUT OUT
4-26
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
12
13
38-R002C
455 Series
BATTERY CHARGER BOARD
11,
3
2
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
5
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ENGINE ROOM C.B. PANEL
POWER
BLOWER
MAIN
60
PME #1
60
#1
BLOWERS
#2
FWD
AUTOMATIC BILGE PUMPS
MID
6
HALON SHUTDOWN BOX
7
Battery Charger Board
2" x 3/4" Mounting Cleat
Blower Breaker Panel
Battery Charger
Battery Charger
Solenoid
Fireboy Shutdown System
Round Junction Box
Strip Barrier 50 Amp
PME Box #1
Battery Box Switch
#3
AFT
9
8
1
10
455 Series
38-R003C
4-27
455 Series
A/C LAYOUT
PLAN VIEW
11
14
9
7
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21
24
12
18
19
25
4-28
16
3
20
13
2
8
10
5
17
23
22
15
5
4
6
1
4
38-R011D-1
455 Series
A/C LAYOUT PARTS LIST
1. Forward Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Forward Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
2. Mid Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Mid Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
3. Aft Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Aft Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
4. Forward A/C Unit Return (7" dia.)
5. Forward A/C Return Vent, Beige (4" x 8")
6. Forward A/C Unit to Plenum (5" dia.)
7. Forward A/C Plenum Box
8. Forward A/C Plenum to FSR (5" dia.)
9. FSR A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
10. Forward A/C Plenum to Forward Head (3" dia.)
11. Forward Head A/C Vent, 3" Round
12. Mid A/C Unit to Plenum (7" dia.)
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
Mid A/C Plenum Box
Mid A/C Plenum to Salon (6" dia.)
Salon A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
Mid A/C Plenum to Third Stateroom (3" dia.)
Third Stateroom A/C Vent, 3" Round
Aft A/C Unit to Plenum (7" dia.)
Aft A/C Plenum Box
Aft A/C Plenum to ASR (5" dia.)
ASR A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
Aft A/C Plenum to Galley (4" dia.)
Galley A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
Aft A/C Plenum to Aft Head (3" dia.)
Aft Head A/C Vent, 3" Round
Aft A/C Unit Return Vent (12" x 12")
Mid A/C Unit Return Vent (16" x 8")
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455 Series
4-29
455 Series
A/C STARBOARD LAYOUT
22
STBD PROFILE
4
4-30
24
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5
17
23
25
38-R011D-2
455 Series
A/C STARBOARD LAYOUT PARTS LIST
1. Forward Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Forward Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
2. Mid Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Mid Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
3. Aft Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Aft Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
4. Forward A/C Unit Return (7" dia.)
5. Forward A/C Return Vent, Beige (4" x 8")
6. Forward A/C Unit to Plenum (5" dia.)
7. Forward A/C Plenum Box
8. Forward A/C Plenum to FSR (5" dia.)
9. FSR A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
10. Forward A/C Plenum to Forward Head (3" dia.)
11. Forward Head A/C Vent, 3" Round
12. Mid A/C Unit to Plenum (7" Dia.)
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
Mid A/C Plenum Box
Mid A/C Plenum to Salon (6" dia.)
Salon A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
Mid A/C Plenum to Third Stateroom (3" dia.)
Third Stateroom A/C Vent, 3" Round
Aft A/C Unit to Plenum (7" dia.)
Aft A/C Plenum Box
Aft A/C Plenum to ASR (5" dia.)
ASR A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
Aft A/C Plenum to Galley (4" dia.)
Galley A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
Aft A/C Plenum to Aft Head (3" dia.)
Aft Head A/C Vent, 3" Round
Aft A/C Unit Return Vent (12" x 12")
Mid A/C Unit Return Vent (16" x 8")
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455 Series
4-31
455 Series
A/C PORT LAYOUT
21 20
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13 15 14
19 26
PORT PROFILE
4-32
3 18
16
2
27 12
11 10 7
6
5
9
8
4
1
38-R011D-3
455 Series
A/C PORT LAYOUT PARTS LIST
1. Forward Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Forward Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
2. Mid Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Mid Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
3. Aft Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Aft Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
4. Forward A/C Unit Return (7" dia.)
5. Forward A/C Return Vent, Beige (4" x 8")
6. Forward A/C Unit to Plenum (5" dia.)
7. Forward A/C Plenum Box
8. Forward A/C Plenum to FSR (5" dia.)
9. FSR A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
10. Forward A/C Plenum to Forward Head (3" dia.)
11. Forward Head A/C Vent, 3" Round
12. Mid A/C Unit to Plenum (7" dia.)
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
Mid A/C Plenum Box
Mid A/C Plenum to Salon (6" dia.)
Salon A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
Mid A/C Plenum to Third Stateroom (3" dia.)
Third Stateroom A/C Vent, 3" Round
Aft A/C Unit to Plenum (7" dia.)
Aft A/C Plenum Box
Aft A/C Plenum to ASR (5" dia.)
ASR A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
Aft A/C Plenum to Galley (4" dia.)
Galley A/C Vent, Cherry (4" x 8")
Aft A/C Plenum to Aft Head (3" dia.)
Aft Head A/C Vent, 3" Round
Aft A/C Unit Return Vent (12" x 12")
Mid A/C Unit Return Vent (16" x 8")
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455 Series
4-33
455 Series
COCKPIT LIGHT PLAN LAYOUT/INTERIOR LIGHT PLAN LAYOUT
29
26 26
GFI
S3
NOTE: Purple = optional equipment
Red = item located in the 3rd stateroom
27 26
28 26
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S3
26
26
26
26
26
2
3
1
3
4
22
3
24
6
3
5
7
24
8
9
10
4
11
3
23
20
21
15
9
3
4
1
G
FI
GFI
S
S
S
S3 S3
S3
S3
S
S3 S3 S3 S3
S3
S3
S4
GFI
S3 S3
S3 S S3
S
S
S
S
S3 S3
S
S3
S3
S3
S3
S3
ZZZZ
GFI
20
18
4-34
S
GFI
3
S3
GFI
9
25
23 3 9 23
3
3
17 9 3 3 16
3
1
14
24
3
9
19
24
13
3
12
38-R015D
455 Series
COCKPIT LIGHT PLAN LAYOUT/INTERIOR LIGHT PLAN LAYOUT PARTS LIST
Item
1
2
Description
3
Control, Stereo Speaker
3
Frame, Support, 3 Module
1
Plate, Wall, 3 Mod, Black, Plastic
1
Switch, Light, SP, 2 Way
3
4
5
6
Qty.
Plate, Wall, 3 Mod, Black, Plastic
Box, Receptacle, Dual
15
15
Plate, Wall, Receptacle, Single
15
Frame, Support, 1 Module
3
Plate, Wall, 1 Module, Black, Plastic
3
Receptacle, Phone, 4 Pin, Module
3
Qty.
6
Receptacle, Dual, GFCI, 15 Amp,
Black
6
Plate, Wall, Receptacle, Single
6
Frame, Support, 2 Module
1
Plate, Wall, 3 Module, Black, Plastic
1
Switch, Light, SP, 2 Way
2
1
11
Frame, Support, 3 Module
1
Switch, Light 1P, 1 Way
3
12
Frame, Support, 3 Module
1
Plate, Wall, 3 Module, Black, Plastic
1
13
Switch, Light, SP, 2 way
3
Frame, Support, 4 Module
1
Plate, Wall 1 Module, Black, Plastic
1
Plate, Wall, 4 Module, Black, Plastic
1
Switch, Light, 1P, 1 Way
1
Switch, Light, SP, 2 Way
4
Frame, Support, 2 Module
1
Plate, Wall, 3 Module, Black, Plastic
1
Switch, Light, SP, 2 Way
1
Switch, Light, 1P, 1 Way
1
Frame, Support, 2 Module
1
Plate, Wall, 3 Module, Black, Plastic
1
Frame, Support, 2 Module
Switch, Light, SP, 2 Way
8
Description
Box, Receptacle, Dual
Frame, Support, 4 Module
Item
17
18
Description
Frame, Support, 4 Module
1
14
1
2
1
Plate, Wall, 4 Module, Black, Plastic
1
Switch, Light, SP, 2 Way
3
Switch, Momentary, Off/Momentary
1
Box, Receptacle, Dual
15
Switch, Light, SP, 2 Way
2
Frame, Support, 3 Module
1
1
Plate, Wall, 3 Module, Black, Plastic
Receptacle, Dual, Black, 120V
1
Plate, Wall, Receptacle, Single
1
16
Qty.
1
Plate, Wall, 4 Module, Black, Plastic
1
Switch, Light, 1P, 1 Way
4
Frame, Support, 1 Module
1
Plate, Wall, 1 Module, Black, Plastic
1
Switch, Light, 1P, 1 Way
1
19
Switch, Closet Light, Mom
1
20
Blower, Inline, 3"
2
21
Light, Overhead, Brushed
Nickel/Brass
54
22
Light, Reading, Brushed
Nickel/Brass
8
23
Light, Fluorescent, 25-1/2"
3
24
Detector, CO, Fireboy
4
25
Lighting Tube
-
26
Light, Courtesy, Exterior Oval
9
27
Box, Receptacle, Dual
1
Receptacle, Dual, Black,, 120V
1
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Plate, Wall, 3 Module, Black, Plastic
7
10
3
Receptacle, Dual, Black,, 120V
Frame, Support, 1 Module
Item
9
28
Plate, Wall, Receptacle, Single
1
Box, Receptacle, Dual
1
Receptacle, Dual, GFCI, 15 Amp,
Black
1
Cover, Receptacle, Weatherproof, S.S.
1
Box, Switch, 3 Module, Waterproof
1
1
Switch, 1 Way, Vimor, Ivory
1
Switch, Light, SP, 2 Way
2
Switch, Blank, Vimor, Ivory
1
Switch, Light, 1P, 1 Way
1
Switch, Push Button, Mom, Single
1
29
NOTE: Purple = optional equipment
Red = item located in the 3rd stateroom
455 Series
4-35
455 Series
HULL BONDING WIRE LAYOUT
12,
37
18
21
22
14 48 43 41 47
42
16 20 41 44 39 46
15
45
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Cruisair
4
1, 11
2
19
6
7
3
5
8
33 32
13, 27,
23 28,
29,
30,
34,
35
4-36
25
36
31
26
38
17
24
49
38-R006D-1
455 Series
HULL BONDING WIRE LAYOUT PARTS LIST
WIRE LENGTH
NO.
(IN.)
1
168
FROM
Buss Bar Transom (Jumper)
TO
WIRE LENGTH
NO.
(IN.)
FROM
TO
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
(Jumper)
24
114
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Generator Seacock
25
114
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Generator Seacock Strainer
2
60
Buss Bar Transom
Port Strut Plate
26
40
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Stbd Engine
3
60
Buss Bar Transom
Stbd Strut Plate
27
228
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Galley Stove
4
45
Buss Bar Transom
Port Rudder Tiller Arm
28
228
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Galley Microwave
5
45
Buss Bar Transom
Stbd Rudder Tiller Arm
29
180
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Galley Refrigerator
6
24
Buss Bar Transom
Zinc Plate
30
228
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Hardtop
7
180
Buss Bar Transom
Cockpit Icemaker
31
168
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Stbd Fuel Tank
8
72
Buss Bar Transom
Whirlpool Pump
32
72
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Stbd Engine Seacock
9
120
Buss Bar Transom
Hydraulic Swim Platform Pump
33
72
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Stbd Engine Seacock Strainer
10
24
Buss Bar Transom
Cockpit Washdown Seacock
34
120
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Aft Air Conditioning Unit
11
168
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
(Jumper)
Buss Bar Transom Jumper
35
228
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Dash
36
144
Stbd Fuel Tank
Stbd Fuel Fill Deck Plate
12
108
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
(Jumper)
Buss Bar Forward Jumper
37
108
Buss Bar Forward (Jumper)
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
(Jumper)
13
108
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
(Jumper)
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Jumper
38
108
Buss Bar Forward
Generator Unit
39
36
Buss Bar Forward
Bottom Water Heater
40
72
Buss Bar Forward
Top Water Heater
41
18
Buss Bar Forward
Air Conditioner Pump
42
324
Buss Bar Forward
Forward A/C Unit
43
60
Buss Bar Forward
Battery Charger
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14
90
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
Air Conditioner Seacock
15
40
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
Port Engine
16
106
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
Port Engine Seacock
17
106
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
Port Engine Seacock Strainer
18
168
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
Port Fuel Tank
19
72
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
Cockpit Washdown Seacock
20
36
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
Cockpit Air Conditioning Seacock
21
72
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
Aft Macerator Seacock
22
144
Port Fuel Tank
Port Fuel Fill Deck Plate
23
108
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
(Jumper)
Buss Bar Port Engine Room
(Jumper)
NOTE:
44
72
Buss Bar Forward
Battery Charger 2
45
276
Buss Bar Forward
Bow Thruster
46
60
Buss Bar Forward
Cockpit Air Conditioning Pump
47
120
Buss Bar Forward
Cockpit Air Conditioning Unit
48
36
Buss Bar Forward
Forward Macerator
49
396
Buss Bar Forward
Washer/Dryer
Purple = optional equipment
455 Series
4-37
455 Series
INTERIOR BONDING WIRE LAYOUT
7
8
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9
38-R006D-2
6
4-38
4
2
1
3
5
455 Series
INTERIOR BONDING WIRE LAYOUT PARTS LIST
WIRE LENGTH
NO.
(IN.)
FROM
TO
1
228
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Galley Stove
2
228
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Galley Microwave
3
180
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Galley Refrigerator
4
120
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Aft Air Conditioning Unit
5
-
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Central Vacuum
6
-
Buss Bar Stbd Engine Room
Cockpit A/C Unit Diffuser
7
-
Buss Bar DC Panel
Bow Rails
8
-
Buss Bar DC Panel
Mid Air Conditioning Unit
9
-
Buss Bar DC Panel
Windlass
455 Series
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4-39
455 Series
FRESH WATER LAYOUT
TO COCKPIT
ICEMAKER/SINK
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21,
22
26
27
6
10
8
9
7
5
4
1
3
2
11
20
19
23
17
18
12
38-R003D-1
13
16
14
4-40
15
28
25
24
455 Series
FRESH WATER LAYOUT PARTS LIST
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
455 Series
Aft Water Tank (84 Gallon)
Forward Water Tank (50 Gallon)
Aft Water Tank to Forward Water Tank (1-1/2" dia.)
1-1/2" Elbow
Water Fill Hose to Deck Plate (1-1/2" dia.)
Water Fill Deck Plate
Forward Water Tank Vent Hose to Tee (5/8" dia.)
Water Tank Vent Tee
Aft Water Tank Vent Hose to Tee (5/8" dia.)
Water Tank Vent Hose to Vent (5/8" dia.)
City Water Inlet
Transom Shower
Aft Head Shower Mixer
Aft Head Unit (Tall)
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
Aft Head Solenoid
Aft Head Faucet
Forward Head Shower Mixer
Forward Head Unit (Short)
Forward Head Solenoid
Forward Head Faucet
Water Heater (11 Gallon)
Water Heater (20 Gallon)
Water Pump
Galley Faucet
Washer Dryer Unit (U.S.)
Washer Dryer Unit (C.E.)
26. Waterline, Hot, Red (1/2" dia.)
27. Waterline, Cold, Blue (1/2" dia.)
28. Dishwasher
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ro eNOTE:
r
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4-41
455 Series
RAW WATER LAYOUT
23
54
A/C UNIT IS TO
BE ABOVE LINER
48
53
21
20
49
50
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52
45
25
48
51
39
46
47
26
1, 2, 3
4
27
45
22
15 18
11 17 16
43
7
42
40
41
28
30
29
4-42
31
44 33
57
1,
1,
8
13 35
36
37 2, 5
55
39
2, 32
6 3 9 34 10
14 12
19
56
38
3
24
38-R003D-2
455 Series
RAW WATER LAYOUT PARTS LIST
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
Bilge Pump, 2200 GPH
Bilge Pump Float Switch
High Water Alarm Switch
Aft Shower Sump Pump
Forward Shower Sump Pump
Aft Head Sink
Forward Head Sink
Galley Sink
Starboard Engine Seacock, 2"
Starboard Engine Strainer, 2"
Port Engine Seacock, 2"
Port Engine Strainer, 2"
Generator Seacock
Generator Strainer
Cockpit A/C Seacock, 3/4"
Cockpit A/C Strainer, 3/4"
Air Conditioning Seacock, 3/4"
Air Conditioning Strainer, 3/4"
Generator Unit
Air Conditioning Pump
Cockpit A/C Pump
Forward Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Forward Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
Mid Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Mid Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
Aft Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Aft Air Conditioning Unit (C.E)
Cockpit A/C Unit, FX24C3-P
Cockpit Drain (1-1/8" dia.)
Aft Bilge Pump Hose (1-1/8" dia.)
Aft Tub Drain (1-1/2" dia.)
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
Aft Shower Sump Drain (1-1/2" dia.)
Aft Head Sink Drain (3/4" dia.)
Galley Sink Drain (3/4" dia.)
Starboard Vent Box Drain (1-1/8" dia.)
Mid Bilge Pump Drain (1-1/8" dia.)
Starboard Engine Raw Water Hose (2" dia.)
Port Engine Raw Water Hose (2" dia.)
Generator Raw Water Hose (1" dia.)
Forward Bilge Pump Drain (1-1/8" dia.)
Forward Shower Sump Drain (3/4" dia.)
Forward A/C Unit Raw Water (5/8" dia.)
Forward A/C Unit Condensation (5/8" dia.)
Forward A/C Unit Drain Hose (5/8" dia.)
Forward Shower Drain (1-1/8" dia.)
Forward Head Sink Drain (3/4" dia.)
Aft A/C Unit Drain (5/8" dia.)
Aft A/C Unit Raw Water (5/8" dia.)
Aft A/C Unit Condensation (5/8" dia.)
Port Vent Box Drain (1-1/8" dia.)
Mid A/C Unit Raw Water (5/8" dia.)
Cockpit A/C Raw Water (5/8" dia.)
A/C Pump Raw Water (5/8" dia.)
Cockpit A/C Pump Raw Water (5/8" dia.)
Cockpit A/C Unit Drain (5/8" dia.)
Mid A/C Unit Drain (5/8" dia.)
Mid A/C Unit Condensation (5/8" dia.)
Washer Dryer Unit (U.S.)
Washer Dryer Unit (C.E.)
56. Washer Dryer Drain (3/4" dia.)
57. Cockpit A/C Unit Condensation (5/8" dia.)
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NOTE: Purple = optional equipment
455 Series
4-43
455 Series
WASTE LAYOUT
14
16
2
15
9
5
8
4
3
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13
10
12
4-44
19
11
1
18
20
7
6
38-R003D-4
455 Series
WASTE LAYOUT PARTS LIST
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
455 Series
Forward Waste Tank (50 Gallon)
Forward Generator
Forward Waste Tank Vent Filter
Forward Head Unit (Short)
Forward Head Unit to Head Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Forward Head to Waste Tank Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Forward Waste Tank Pump Out Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Forward Waste Tank Vent Hose (5/8" dia.)
Aft Waste Tank (50 Gallon)
Aft Waste Tank Vent Filter
Aft Head Unit (Tall)
Aft Head Unit to PVC (1-1/2" dia.)
1-1/2" PVC Pipe to Head Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Head Hose to Generator (1-1/2" dia.)
Head Hose to Generator (To Tank) (1-1/2" dia.)
1-1/2" PVC Pipe to Tank Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Tank Hose to Tank (1-1/2" dia.)
Aft Waste Tank Pump Out Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Waste Pump Out Deck Plate
Aft Waste Tank Vent Hose (5/8" dia.)
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4-45
455 Series
WASTE LAYOUT (ELECTRIC)
6
2
7
8
5
m
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11
15
12
10
13
16
14
17
9
18
18
4-46
3
4
38R003D-3
17
1
455 Series
WASTE LAYOUT (ELECTRIC) PARTS LIST
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
455 Series
Forward Waste Tank (50 Gallon)
Forward Macerator Seacock (1-1/2" dia.)
Forward Macerator Unit
Forward Waste Tank Vent Filter
Forward Head Unit (Short)
Forward Waste Tank to Macerator Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Forward Waste Tank to Forward Head Unit (1-1/2" dia.)
Forward Waste Tank Vent Hose (5/8" dia.)
Forward Waste Tank Pump Out Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Aft Waste Tank (50 Gallon)
Aft Macerator Seacock (1-1/2" dia.)
Aft Macerator Unit
Aft Waste Tank Vent Filter
Aft Head Unit (Tall)
Aft Waste Tank to Macerator Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Aft Waste Tank to Aft Head Unit (1-1/2" dia.)
Aft Waste Tank Vent Hose (5/8" dia.)
Aft Waste Tank Pump Out Hose (1-1/2" dia.)
Waste Pump Out Deck Plate
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4-47
455 Series
PLUMBING HARDWARE LAYOUT
5
16
4
1, 2, 3
12
14
37
17
27
26
28
19
29
8,
9
30
15
18
38
11
33
41
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10
34
4-48
24
39
40
6
32
23
7
1,
2, 20 21
31
22 25
3
13
1,
2,
3
35
42
38-R03D-5
455 Series
PLUMBING HARDWARE LAYOUT PARTS LIST
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
Bilge Pump, 2200 GPH
Bilge Pump Float Switch
High Water Alarm Switch
Aft Water Tank (84 Gallon)
Forward Water Tank (50 Gallon)
Aft Waste Tank (42 Gallon)
Forward Waste Tank (50 Gallon)
Water Heater (11 Gallon)
Water Heater (20 Gallon)
Aft Head Unit (Tall)
Forward Head Unit (Short)
Aft Shower Sump Pump
Forward Shower Sump Pump
Aft Starboard Plenum Box
Forward Port Plenum Box
Aft Waste Tank Macerator
Aft Macerator Seacock (1-1/2" dia.)
Forward Waste Tank Macerator
Forward Macerator Seacock (1-1/2" dia.)
Starboard Engine Raw Water Seacock (2" dia.)
Starboard Engine Raw Waste Strainer (2" dia.)
Port Engine Raw Water Seacock (2" dia.)
Port Engine Raw Water Strainer (2" dia.)
Cockpit A/C Seacock (3/4" dia.)
NOTE:
455 Series
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
Cockpit A/C Strainer (3/4" dia.)
Air Conditioner Seacock (3/4" dia.)
Air Conditioner Strainer (3/4" dia.)
Air Conditioning Pump
Cockpit A/C Pump
Water Pump
Generator Seacock
Generator Strainer
Forward Waste Tank Vent Filter
Aft Waste Tank Vent Filter
Forward Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Forward Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
Mid Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Mid Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
Aft Air Conditioning Unit (U.S.)
Aft Air Conditioning Unit (C.E.)
Cockpit A/C Unit, FX24C3-P
Aft Head Sink
Aft Head Faucet
Galley Sink
Galley Faucet
Forward Head Sink
Forward Head Faucet
Washer Dryer Unit (U.S.)
Washer Dryer Unit (C.E.)
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Purple = optional equipment
Item #36 is above the liner in the Salon area.
4-49
455 Series
STEREO LAYOUT
2
1
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
2
2
10
5
4-50
4
3
9
Clarion Head Unit
6-1/2" Exterior Speaker
Stereo Remote
6-1/2" Interior Speaker
Fader Switch
Panasonic 5 Disc Changer
Satellite Speaker
Center Channel Speaker
Subwoofer
Amplifier
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38-R018B
455 Series
A Word About Galvanic
Corrosion
Galvanic corrosion is the decomposition of
compounds, such as metals, exposed to an
electric current. For boat owners, galvanic
corrosion is a common occurrence. Using a
shore power AC electrical system on the
boat includes an earth ground circuit that
“grounds" all onboard metal parts to the
earth on shore. This circuit provides the protection against hazardous shocks but unfortunately it can also create stray DC currents
which cause the decomposition of all submerged metal.
less “noble” metal it will decompose before
the more “noble” metals. Your dealer may
install additional zinc anodes to areas such
as the rudders. Check these zincs periodically, and have them replaced as needed.
See your dealer for parts and service.
FRESHWATER SYSTEM
Freshwater Tank
The boat is fitted with both an 85 gallon and
50 gallon freshwater tank. They are filled
through a fill plate located on the port stern.
The tanks are vented through the hull. This
allows air to enter/escape as water levels
rise and fall.
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only with potable water.
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SOLUTIONS TO GALVANIC
m usessO
FILTER AND PUMP
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Cruisers
Yachts
a copper bonding strip
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CORROSION
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Water is drawn from the tanks by a selfindthe engineicompartment.
All metal parts
s
IMPORTANT
e
priming pump located on the port side of
u the radar arch, the rudder
d of your.Cboat,
r
It is your responsibility to periodicallyoa
the generator room. Before entering the
shaft, the bowrails, etc. are bonded to this
l
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inspect and replace the sacrificialn
pump, the water passes through a filter to
common ground. The terminal strip located
w
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zinc anodes. Damage resulting
from
capture any contaminants. The pump proo
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behind the dash panel is linked to the land/
D
/
galvanic corrosion is not covered by:
vides a flow of water at a preset pressure to
ing strip via a single #6 green wire. The AC
p
t
the warranty. Additional zinc anodes
the remainder of the system.
t
and DC ground wires also are connected to
may need to be installed onh
your
the bonding strip.
boat as recommended for your
region.
Sacrificial zinc anodes, installed at the factory, protect the hardware that is exposed to
the water. Galvanic corrosion attacks the
least “noble” metals first. Because zinc is a
455 Series
A Galvanic Isolator is installed in the green
bonding wire between the yacht and the
dockside ground to prevent the flow of relatively low electrolytic stray currents. It will,
however, provide a path for catastrophic,
short-circuit currents which are sufficient to
actuate circuit breakers.
INITIAL STARTUP
Bonding provides a common ground for all
electrical systems on the boat.
1. Fill the freshwater tank with approximately 50 gallons of potable water.
2. Turn the FRESHWATER PUMP breaker on.
4-51
455 Series
3. Open the cold water galley faucet to
allow air to escape. Close the faucet
when a steady flow of water is apparent.
4. Open the hot water galley faucet to fill
the water heater and allow air to escape
from the line. Close the faucet when a
steady flow of water is apparent.
5. Bleed air from the remainder of the
faucets in the same manner as steps 3
and 4. After all lines have been bled, the
pump will build to operating pressure
and then shut off.
As an alternative to your freshwater tank,
the freshwater system can be connected to
“city water” at the receptacle on the starboard stern. Because the water enters the
boat under pressure, it bypasses the tank,
the filter and the pump.
NOTE
Using “city water” hookup does not
replenish water supply in the tank.
The tank can only be filled at the
freshwater fill plate.
!
CAUTION
Do not turn the hot water switch
on unless the freshwater system
is charged. Damage to the heating
element will result if allowed to
heat up with no water in the
system.
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When
using
a
dockside
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you
will
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.
6. You may now continue to fill the tanks to
w
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and waste system that uses pumps
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have
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all
the
lines
as
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did
in
iniO
their capacity of 135 gallons.
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with (2) 50 gallon holding tanks.
tial start-up for the freshwater tankrsystem.
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City Water Hookup
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The head on your boat may be equipped
Water Heater
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with a system which draws water in through
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The water heater
is equipped
with
a
high
O
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fresh water system and flushes waste
! CAUTION
rs and a ther- the
frvalve iforsesafety
pressure relief
water from the marine toilet. The toilet
d
mostatethat regulates
heater to a specific
Monitor the water system during
uThethethermostat
pumps the waste water into a holding tank.
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water
temperature.
is
initial usage of the “city water”
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.
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water
connected to an unlimited sourceow
D p:/the/ WATER HEATER breaker switch located
of water. NEVER leave boat unatt on the AC panel. The electric water heater
tended while using the “city
t
h
provides fast recovery and is capable of
water” feature. Any major leak or
break in the system will allow
abnormal bilge accumulation
which in turn could cause sinking
or swamping of batteries and
engine. Damage from swamping
and/or submergence are not covered by warranty.
4-52
HEAD AND WASTE
CONTAMINANT SYSTEM
reheating a tank quite rapidly.
455 Series
Waste Holding Tank
One of the 50 gallon waste tanks is located
under the floor in the engine room, and the
other is located under the caves port bunk.
Waste is pumped from the head through a
sanitary waste hose to the top portion of the
tanks. A 1-1/2" sanitary waste hose is
attached to the bottom of each tank and
runs to the fore and aft dockside pumpout
plate on the starboard side of the deck walkaround. An overboard vent keeps the tank at
atmospheric pressure regardless of waste
levels.
A waste tank indicator is also installed to
provide a visual indication of the amount of
waste in the tank. The indicator is located at
the AC/DC panel.
pump. The marina will handle the proper
disposal of the waste.
OVERBOARD DISCHARGE
A valve is installed between the marine toilet
and the waste holding tank. The valve can
direct the flow of waste to the holding tank,
or to an outlet seacock for overboard discharge of waste.
Waste Disposal
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All the components which comprise the
ing the discharge of waste.
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waste system are made of materials specialm sO
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and to resist chemical actions. It is strongly
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odor
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and break down the waste. Follow
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before using.
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This system directs all waste to the (2) 50
DOCKSIDE PUMPOUT
CSR161-13
!
CAUTION
Do not flush into a full holding
tank. Attempting to flush the head
when the tank is full could result
in damage to the waste system.
455 Series
gallon holding tanks. To clear the tanks of
waste water, you will need to use the dockside pumpout services provided at marinas,
etc.
To clear the tanks of waste, hook a suction
hose to the pumpout plates on the starboard
walk around of the boat and to the dockside
CSR161-14
4-53
455 Series
To operate overboard discharge, the valve
lever must be in the overboard position and
the waste water outlet seacock must be
open. Close the outlet water seacock when
not in use.
IMPORTANT
Overboard discharge of waste
should only be used in approved
areas. It is your responsibility to
comply with local regulations regarding the discharge of waste.
MACERATOR PUMP
To pump out the holding tank using the
macerator pump:
Head Operating Instructions
INITIAL OPERATION
1. Fill freshwater tank and add deodorant
to holding tank through toilet bowl.
2. Make sure that all guests understand
the operation of the system and the
instruction label is in plain sight and
easy for guests to read.
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! CAUTION
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Do not run the pump
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there
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to pumpfout
5. If the system does not function properly,
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pump.
refer to the Troubleshooting Section of
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this manual and repair as necessary. If
. macerator pump. Close the
lo2. Activatewthe
n
problem persists, contact your dealer.
w
circuit
marked MACERATOR from the
There has been an extra hose added toow
panel. A full tank can be emptied in
D p://wDC
your waste tanks. This is for the macerator.
approximately
three minutes.
The aft macerator pump is located on the taft
t
h 3. Close the macerator discharge seacock
end of the waste tank. The forward macera1. Open the 1" seacock labeled
MACERATOR DISCHARGE. The seacocks for the forward and aft 50 gallon
tanks are located on the AFT Port side
of the generator room.
3. Remember, the vacuum pump starts
automatically. Shut off the electrical
power to the system before servicing
and DO NOT leave the yacht with toilet
system circuit breaker on.
CSR161-15
tor pump is located in the forward port
corner in the generator room. In this
configuration all waste is flushed from the
head to the holding tank. You are able to
use either the pumpout feature by using the
deckplate, or the macerator to pump waste
from the holding tank directly overboard.
4-54
after the pumpout is complete.
455 Series
NORMAL OPERATION
1. To add water to the toilet before using,
raise flush lever until desired water level
is reached. Generally more water is
required only when flushing solids.
flush toilet again until vacuum pump
stops running. A small amount of water
should remain in the bowl after flushing.
3. DO NOT dispose of sanitary napkins or
other non-dissolving items in toilet, such
as facial tissue or paper towels. These
items can cause plugging of the system.
eliminates the hose run between the tank
and pump. Its compact size makes it
especially well suited for your yacht.
TankWatch® Level Indicator
The TankWatch® unit utilizes micro-float
switches which activate a three light panel.
The inspection cap in the holding tank contains the micro-float switch units. The
adjustable probe assemblies are flexible
polyethylene tubing and are designed to flex
when tank contents move. One adjustable
probe in the three-light system is set to
sense when the tank is empty.
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2. To flush toilet, press flush lever sharply
down to the floor until contents clear
bowl. A sharp popping noise is normal
when the vacuum seal is broken and
flushing action begins. Be sure to hold
lever down for three (3) seconds. If flush
lever is accidentally released before
waste clears bowl, DO NOT attempt to
CORRECT HOOKUP
FOR SECOND TOILET
DOCKSIDE
PUMPOUT
VACUUM
TOILET
VACUUM
GENERATOR
TANKWATCH®
LEVEL INDICATOR
HOLDING
TANK
DIVERTER
VALVE
SEALAND®
VENT FILTER
T-SERIES
DISCHARGE
PUMP
VENT
FITTINGS
SEACOCK
CSR173-57
455 Series
4-55
455 Series
BILGE SYSTEM
IMPORTANT
The discharge of oil or oily waste
into or upon the navigable waters of
the United States or of the contiguous zones is strictly prohibited by
the Federal Water Pollution Control
Act. If such a discharge occurs and
causes a film or sheen upon, or discoloration of the surface of the
water, or causes an emulsion or
sludge beneath the surface of the
water, the violators are subject to a
penalty of $5,000. Notify the Coast
Guard immediately or call toll-free
1-800-424-8802 to report any such
incident.
Pumps
Three pumps, one located in front of the forward steps, one located in the engine compartment and one under the aft shelf in the
master stateroom, are used to remove the
bilge water.
!
CAUTION
Do not rely upon electric equipment to operate trouble-free.
Frequent inspection of the bilge to
make sure the pumps are operating properly is a necessity.
Power is supplied to AUTO BILGE PUMPS
by the house battery. The MANUAL BILGE
PUMP controls at the keypad will bypass the
auto feature, allowing the option of controlling the pumps manually. Turning the bilge
pumps off at the keypad will return the bilge
pumps to automatic operation.
Blowers
m ! WARNING
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The pumps can be operated manually
from
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the keypad, or left in the automatic
the blowers for at least
s
s
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four
minutes
before starting the
Cr wne
engines.
!mCAUTION
The deep part of the hull, where incidental
O
• Turn the blowers on when idling
o
s
Do not allow
pump to
run after all
r
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f
water drains, is called the bilge. Water will
or operating below cruising
e
d
the water
has been
cleared from
s
i
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enter the boat for a number of reasons but
speed.
uDamage to the
d
the bilge area.
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. occur if the pump is
will
lo pump
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ods of long rains, heavy storms and high
n
The 455 Series Boats are equipped with 12
w to operate with no water.
w /wallowed
seas. The water that enters is pumped o
overvolt DC powered bilge blowers which proboard by the bilge pumps. The bilgeD
is vent- :/
vide ventilation for the engine compartment.
Circuit breakers for the automatic bilge
ed through the hull and bilge blowers are ttp
The blowers are controlled from the keypad
power are located on a panel in the
h pump
used to speed up the evacuation of fumes
at the dash panel.
engine room. This feature allows bilge
from the engine compartment.
4-56
pumps operation when the master battery
switch is turned “OFF.” When water in the
bilge reaches a certain level, a triggering
device turns the pump on. When the water
drains, the pump will automatically shut off.
455 Series
Section 5 – Getting Underway
SAFE BOATING ...................................... 5-2
Safety Checks.................................... 5-2
Sample Float Plan ............................. 5-3
Boating Rules and Regulations......... 5-4
Signals and Rules of the Road ......... 5-5
Safety Precautions for
Engine Exhaust .............................. 5-6
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ............... 5-8
Pre-Start Checklist............................. 5-8
Starting Diesel Engines ..................... 5-8
Stopping Diesel Engines ................... 5-9
Fueling ............................................... 5-9
Suggested Maneuvering
Techniques.................................... 5-10
Dropping and Weighing Anchor ...... 5-13
Towing the Boat ............................... 5-14
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455 Series
5-1
455 Series
SAFE BOATING
Safety Checks
Safe boating is one of the requirements for
pleasant boating! Use common sense and
safe practices while enjoying your boat. Use
the following safety checks; you are responsible for the safety of your passengers as
well as others in and on the water.
G
G
Make a practice of letting someone know
your travel plans and route; leave a float
plan with someone.
G
Check local weather reports before casting off. Watch the weather! Be on the
lookout for strong winds and electrical
storms.
G
DO NOT use the swim platform or boarding ladder while the engines are running.
Turn engine off when swimmers or skiers
are getting in or out of the water.
G
Obey all navigational rules!
G
If uncertain of water depth, proceed slowly and with caution!
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Do not overload or improperly load your
m
er Hydraulic
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swim platform must be all the
boat.
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Use care when fueling boat. Fuel in the
way
getting underway.
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bilge is extremely dangerous! Make sure
Require good boat shoes be worn
by
all
er rsFo Hydraulic Swim Platform can support 650
s
there are no fumes in your boat before
passengers to avoid slipping.
i
starting the engine.
ru ne
lbs safely.
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Passengers should be instructed
how to
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O person
o
Know your fuel tank capacity and
use all safety
equipment.
A small loss in performance may be
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engines’ fuel consumption. Be sure you
must have
preserver.
and
experienced when a tender is placed on
d a lifeushould
s wearChildren
i
e
have enough fuel to reach your
the swim platform. This change in perfornon-swimmers
life
pred
r
a
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.
destination with adequate reserve for
mance will vary due to engine package,
servers
at
all
times.
lo
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n
course changes due to weather or
wallow passengers to ride on parts of options, as well as fuel and water load.
w /Don’t
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other problems.
D p:/ the boat not designed for that use. Do not It may be necessary to reprop the boat to
Regularly check all safety equipment tt
store equipment or climb on the radar
correct some of the performance issues.
h
such as fire extinguishers, life preservers,
arch or optional hardtop.
Keep your boat and equipment in good
condition; inspect the hull, engines,
power train and all gear frequently.
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
flares, horn, etc. They should be in good
condition, readily visible and easily
accessed.
G
Keep up-to-date navigational charts
onboard of areas to be traveled.
5-2
G
Instruct at least one passenger in the
basics of operation and handling of your
boat in case you are disabled or fall overboard.
455 Series
Sample Float Plan
Copy this page and fill out the copy before going boating. Leave the filled out copy with a reliable person who can be depended upon to notify the Coast Guard or other rescue organization, should you not return as scheduled. DO NOT file this plan with the Coast Guard.
Survival Equipment:
PFD’s ______________________________
Flares ______________________________
Name ______________________________________
Telephone __________________
Mirror ______________________________
m Signals ______________________
Smoke
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Registration Number ______________________________________________________ o
F Flashlight
__________________________
s
r
Length __________________________
Name _________________ Make ______
m
co ______________________________
ne m.Food
Other Info. ______________________________________________________________
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sO oru Paddle ____________________________
Persons Aboard:
Name
Age
Addresse&rTelephone
F
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Water ______________________________
________________________________ ______ ____________________________
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________________________________ ______ ____________________________
Anchor ____________________________
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________________________________ ______ro____________________________
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______ ____________________________
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HP __________________
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No. of Engines: ______________________
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D Typep_________________
Radio: Yes _____ No _____
Freq ____________________
:/
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Trip Expectations: Departure Time
ht ___________________ Leaving From ____________
Description of Boat: Type ______________ Color ______________ Trim _____________
Destination ________________ Est. Time of Arrival ____________________________
Expect to Return By ______________________________________________________
Auto Type ________________ License No. _______________ Parked ______________
If not returned by ___________________ call the Coast Guard, or ____________________
(Local Authority). Coast Guard Telephone Number:
______________________________
Local Authority Telephone Number: ______________________________
455 Series
5-3
455 Series
Boating Rules and Regulations
GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS
BASIC RULES FOR SAFE BOATING
The Coast Guard is the authority of the
waterways; they are there to help the boating public. You and your boat are subject to
marine traffic laws and “Rules of the Road”
that are enforced by the Coast Guard.
G
Your boat must be registered and
licensed in the state of principle use.
G
Give right of way to slower boats, rowboats and sailing craft.
G
Keep to the right! Observe the Danger
Zone and give right of way to boats in
this zone.
There are many pamphlets prepared by the
Coast Guard available to you. These pamphlets explain “Rules of the Road”, signal
lights, buoys, safety, international and inland
regulations and more than is discussed
here. For more information contact your
local U. S. Coast Guard unit. U. S. Coast
Guard Headquarters, 1300 E Street NW,
Washington, D.C. 20226 or call the
Coast Guard Boating Safety Hotline at
1-800-368-5647.
G
At least one (1) Coast Guard approved,
Type IV, throwable flotation device - ring
or cushion.
G
At least four (4) Type B-I or one Type B-II
hand-held fire extinguishers.
G
At least three (3) Coast Guard approved,
hand-held red pyrotechnic (flare-type)
distress signals:
Night Use - three (3) aerial red pyrotechnic distress signals
Day Use - three (3) international orange
smoke signals
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“Courseline”
1-800-336-2628
to find out
a
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Must be fitted with a bell or whistle to
.
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what courses
are
offered
in
your
area.
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comply with 72 COLREGS
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(not supplied by manufacturer).
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required by the U. S. Coast Guard for your
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Must also have on board a copy of 72
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boat are listed below. You MUST equip your
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COLREGS.
boat to meet or exceed these requirements.
Do not use your motors near swimmers
DEAD
AHEAD
DANGER ZONE
GIVE WAY TO
BOATS IN THIS
AREA
G
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2 POINTS ABAFT
STBD BEAM
CSR161-16A
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or divers.
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Learn the language of the various buoys
and warning signals.
5-4
G
At least one (1) Coast Guard approved,
Type I, II or III, personal flotation device
(life jacket) for each person aboard. If you
are more than 20 miles offshore, you
must have Type I.
The Coast Guard also recommends you
carry an anchor, anchor line, mooring lines,
fenders, first aid kit, waterproof flashlight,
spare fuses, electrical tape and tool kit.
455 Series
Signals and Rules of the Road
G
Learn and observe the United States
Weather signals. Red and black flags are
used by day and red and white lights are
used at night.
Small Craft Warning
Forecast is for winds up to 38 mph
(34 knots) and/or sea conditions dangerous to small craft.
G
G
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Recognize the different buoys; they are
the waterway road markers. There are
three types of buoys:
SMALL CRAFT
WARNING
NUN - Cone shape
SPHERE - Spherical shape
CAN - Cylindrical shape
GALE
WARNING
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Gale Warning
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Forecast is for winds from 39 to 54
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Whole Gale Warning
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Forecast is for winds from 55 to 73
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The middle of the
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marked
with
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miles an hour (48 to 63 knots).
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RED and WHITE
vertically striped spherical
m always
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s
or can
buoys;
pass close to the
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Hurricane Warning
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buoys.
Can buoys
will
have a spherical topd
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Forecast is for winds in excess of 74
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mark.
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miles an hour (64 knots).
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Obstructions, channel junctions, etc. are
Obey marker flags.
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owhite stripe,
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A red flag with a diagonal
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buoys. A RED band at the top means
or the “A” flag, indicates a skin diver
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the
preferred
channel is to the left of the
the area.
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buoy; a GREEN band means the preferred
A solid orange flag with a black square
atop a black ball indicates distress. Either
the boat or a passenger is in serious
trouble.
When entering port or going upstream, the
PORT (left) side of the channel is marked
with GREEN, ODD numbered can buoys.
The STARBOARD (right) side of the channel
is marked with RED, EVEN numbered nun
or spar buoys.
channel is to the right of the buoy. These
buoys are sometimes lettered but never
numbered.
Lights, bells and horns are used on buoys
for night or poor visibility conditions.
WHOLE GALE
WARNING
HURRICANE
WARNING
WARNING:
SKIN DIVER
IN AREA
DISTRESS BOAT OR
PASSENGER IN
SERIOUS TROUBLE
CAN
NUN
SPHERE
6
G
7
CSR161-17A
455 Series
5-5
455 Series
G
Know whistle signals!
One Long Blast: Warning Signal (Coming
out of slip)
One Short Blast: Pass on my port side
Two Short Blasts: Pass on my starboard
side
Three Short Blasts: Engines in reverse
Four or More Blasts: Danger Signal
Safety Precautions for Engine
Exhaust
!
WARNING
Do NOT inhale exhaust fumes!
Exhaust contains carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is colorless,
odorless and potentially lethal.
G
Use care when operating engines or generator in confined areas. Exhaust fumes
can enter the boat even with all windows,
doors and hatches closed.
G
Never operate the generator or leave the
engine running if the exhaust port is
obstructed.
G
NEVER run the engines or generator
while everyone onboard is sleeping. If a
person is sleeping, be sure adequate
fresh air ventilation is provided.
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mis equipped with a forward
your boat
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. or windshield side vents, OPEN
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while underway.
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DISCHARGE OF OIL
F If you choose to be underway with cans
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The discharge of oil or oily waste into or
up, you must vent the forward area to
neyour vas
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upon navigable waters of the United States
clear
the cockpit of fumes.
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If you think exhaust
fumes
are
entering
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O
o
or of the contiguous zones is strictly prohibits
boat, correctfthe
r problem
rimmediately.
Inspect the engine exhaust system free
ed by the Federal Water Pollution Control
Observed
the following
safety
precautions:
s
i
quently for tightness of clamps and
e
u
Act. If such a discharge occurs and causes
d
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hoses. If you notice a change in engine
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a film or sheen upon or discoloration of the
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Be alert for. the odor of exhaust fumes.
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sound, check all exhaust connections.
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n A natural
surface of the water, or causes an emulsion
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created while underway
o //inwcertain vacuum
or sludge beneath the surface of the water,
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wind
and
conditions may
: allow exhaust to besea
the violators are subject to a penalty of
p
drawn
into the cabin.
t
t
$5,000. Notify the Coast Guard immediately
h
Adjust the direction of the boat while
or call toll-free 1-800-424-8802 to report any
G
If there is a ship-to-shore radio telephone
aboard, answer any distress calls. “MAYDAY” is the international signal of distress. NEVER use this word unless there
is an emergency and assistance is needed immediately.
The carbon monoxide present in exhaust
fumes can be extremely hazardous. Direct,
prolonged exposure will cause brain damage or death. Incoherence, drowsiness, loss
of consciousness, headaches, nausea and
vomiting are some symptoms of exposure to
carbon monoxide.
G
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underway as necessary to alleviate the
presence of exhaust fumes.
such incident.
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5-6
Do not allow the boat to remain stationary
with the engine running for any extended
period.
455 Series
!
!
‚ Blockage of boat exhausts by obstruction.
… Operating with high bow angle.
DANGER
EXTREME HAZARD
Carbon monoxide gas (CO) is
colorless, odorless and extremely dangerous. All engines and
fuel burning appliances produce
CO as exhaust. Direct and prolonged exposure to CO will
cause BRAIN DAMAGE or
DEATH. Signs of exposure to CO
include nausea, dizziness and
drowsiness. Sources of CO
include the examples to the
right:
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To reduce CO accumulation, ventilate thead
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boat interior by opening the windows lo
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and/or canvas to provide adequate
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lation. Deck hatches can be
opened
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slow speed or while dead in the water,
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must be closed at or above planing
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KC-0466
KC-0463
Exhausts from other vessels in confined
areas.
Exhausts traveling along obstruction.
KC-0467
KC-0464
Operating at slow speed or while dead in the
water.
Operating with canvas tops and side
curtains in place without ventilation.
KC-0465
KC-0468
speeds to prevent damage and possible
personal injury.
ENSURE ADEQUATE VENTILATION FOR
CORRECT AIR MOVEMENT THROUGH BOAT!
KC-0469
455 Series
5-7
455 Series
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Pre-Start Checklist
G
G
Open seacock(s) for engine cooling
water, head flush water, air conditioning
water, etc., as equipped.
G
Check all intake water strainers.
G
Check steering control, throttle and shift
control linkage. Look for hydraulic leaks.
Make sure all connecting hardware is
tight.
Before starting the engine, perform the following checks and procedures:
G
See Section 6, PERIODIC CHECKS AND
SERVICES, before every use.
G
Your craft should be securely moored to
the dock or slip. The boat should remain
moored until the engine is warmed up
and properly running.
G
Check diesel fuel valves to make sure
fuel can flow to engines.
Starting Diesel Engines
After pre-start checks and procedures have
been followed the engines can be started.
Follow the step-by-step instructions below
and be sure to read the engine owner’s
manual for manufacturer’s recommendations.
! WARNING
m
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Always
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levers in neutral. Your boat
s control
Check battery charge.
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e
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is
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Check weather conditions and forecasts.
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.
Check fuel supply.
switches which will not allow
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Check all life saving devices. Make sure
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to be started unless shift
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IMPORTANT er
there is one life jacket for each person
F
control
levers
are in the neutral
s
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aboard.
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DO NOT rely on the r
accuracy
position.
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are only approxiCheck capacity rating plate. Do not leave
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always
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1. With ignition key switches off, put both
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the dock with an over loaded craft!
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pared to the hours e
of use multiplied
shift control levers in neutral position.
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Open windows, doors and engine hatch.
bye
the known u
fuel
consumption
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Check for fuel fumes and water in the
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(GPH).
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2. Move throttle lever of engine to be start.
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bilge area.
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ed to approximately one-half throttle
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Check
all
electrical
components
such
as
position.
o //the
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Place master battery switch on the DC
D
panel in the “ON” position.
p: they are in proper working order.
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3. Push toggle switch of engine to START
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Operate the bilge blowers for at leasthfour
position. Release button immediately
G
G
G
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minutes before starting the engine. Allow
the blowers to run until cruising speed is
attained.
G
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Make sure shift control lever is in the
NEUTRAL position.
after engine starts. The button is spring
loaded and will return to the RUN position.
Check engine and transmission oil levels.
If equipped, check fresh water coolant
level.
5-8
455 Series
!
CAUTION
Failure to release ignition button
after engine starts may damage
the starter motor and drive.
Do not operate starter continuously for more than 30 seconds. Allow
starter to cool at least 2 minutes
between starting attempts.
4.
range. If temperature gauge reads
abnormally high, STOP ENGINE IMMEDIATELY and determine the cause.
7. Check engine exhausts to see that they
are discharging water. Water circulation
in the engines should take place shortly
after starting.
Fueling
Refer to your engine owner’s manual for the
fuel type recommended for your particular
engine. Your dealer may have fuel suggestions relative to climate conditions and
the use of your boat.
m
u
! WARNING
r
o
F Allmprecautions must be taken
8. Inspect for any fuel, oil, water and
s
r
exhaust leaks.
time you fuel your boat.
ne m.coevery
Operate the engine at approximately
Diesel fuel is non-explosive but it
w
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1400 RPM and check the oil pressure
Stopping Diesel Engines
s
will burn!
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gauge. If oil pressure does not rise to
e
F
s
1. Move throttle control
s posi- Use the following precautions before fueling
i leversetoridle
specified range in 15 seconds, STOP
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tion.
ENGINE IMMEDIATELY and determine
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to avoid fire and explosion:
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the cause.
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oshift control
2. Put
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Make sure your boat is securely moored
rslevers in neutral posif
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tion.
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s
to the dock.
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Repeat starting procedure for the sece
u
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ond engine.
a 3. Move
C throttle control levers forward until
Stop engines, fans, galley fire and any
.
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other device that can produce a spark or
engine RPM is no more than 1400 RPM.
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IMPORTANT
flame.
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engines for 5 minutes at this
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The second engine may D
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speed to cool engines.
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Close all windows, doors and hatches to
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to hear when it starts due to the
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keep fumes from entering the boat.
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noise of the first engine. Observe
4. After cooling engines, move throttle conG
5.
G
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the tachometer of the second
engine. When the RPMs “jump up.”
release the key switch immediately.
6. Allow engines to warm up. Check water
temperature gauges to be sure water
temperature remains within the specified
455 Series
trol levers back to idle position.
5. Push fuel/engine shutdown buttons until
engine rotation stops.
6. Turn key switches counterclockwise to
OFF position.
G
Disembark all people not needed for fueling the boat.
G
Prohibit all smoking in the area.
G
Locate the nearest fire extinguisher for
use if needed.
5-9
455 Series
While fueling, keep the fill nozzle in contact
with fill opening of the tank to protect against
any static sparks or spilling fuel.
Do not fill the tank until fuel flows from the
vents. Allow room in the tank for fuel expansion.
When tank is full, close fuel opening and
clean up any spilled fuel. Wash the areas
around the fuel caps and vents. Dispose of
rags properly on shore.
Suggested Maneuvering
Techniques
GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR MANEUVERING
G
Practice Makes Perfect! Start in calm
water with no wind and lots of room until
you get the feel for the boat and its controls.
GRADUAL TURNS AT LOW SPEED
!
WARNING
High speed, full range turns are
not recommended. The quick
response of the hydraulic steering
system and the high speed, may
cause people and objects to be
thrown around inside or even
over-board. Exercise prudence in
the way your boat is handled!
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gradual o
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IMPORTANT
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. or reverse directions, is best accomwthe plished
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Spilled fuel may yellow the fiberRecognize the Outside Forces! Check
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s as the orline
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glass gel coat and damage accent
wind direction and velocity, as
well
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movement is maintained with the couns forcesrstoF terrotating
tapes.
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water currents. Use theu
external
propellers turning at the same
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the speed of one prop
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Open all windows, doors and hatches.
fight them.
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maintaining
or
reducing the speed of
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the
other
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the boat towards the
Proceed Slowly! Giveeyourself time to
minutes. Fuel fumes are heavier than air
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slower prop.
e react andrumaneuver.
think,
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and will sink to the lowest part of the boat.
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Before starting the engines, check for anyw
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maneuver the bow to port or starboard.
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boat until the fumes are no longer present. p: dock.
! WARNING
Repair any leaks immediately.
htt
Rudders have little or no steering
G
Forget the Steering Wheel! The rudders
are basically useless at slow speeds. Put
your hands on the control levers and
leave the steering wheel alone.
G
G
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control at low speeds or when
moving in reverse. This apparent
“loss” of steering can cause confusion, even panic, among novice
skippers. Practice maneuvering
BEFORE you attempt any complex
moves. Know your boat!
5-10
455 Series
Remember when turning astern (in reverse),
the bow will make a much wider arc than the
stern. Be on the alert to avoid possible collisions in crowded areas.
STARBOARD TURN
SLOWER PROP
HOLDING POSITION
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gradual turning procedure above.
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equal speeds on both props will allow
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maintain position with minor throttle
h adjustments for any correction. Compensate for
!
CAUTION
Do not shift transmission at
engine speeds above 1000 RPM.
Damage to engines or power train
could result. Momentarily pause in
neutral and allow engine to return
to idle speed before engaging
transmission.
SLOWER PROP
PORT TURN
CSR-159-17A
slight wind and water current by individually
adjusting throttle levers and moving shift
levers between forward and neutral.
455 Series
5-11
455 Series
SHARP AND CLOSE QUARTERS
TURNS
A sharp turn can be achieved by putting one
shift lever in forward position and the other
in reverse position. The rate of the turn can
be controlled by the rudder as well as
engine speed. Turning the steering wheel in
the direction of the turn will increase the rate
of turn.
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From the hold position procedure, move the
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PROPELLER “BURSTS” AND
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movement.
the hump and into a planing attitude. Once
STOPPING
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you are “over the hump” and at a comfortt
able plane, move the throttle control back to
TRIMMING THE BOAT
Propeller burst is a maneuvering technique
t
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2/3 to 3/4 throttle, a more fuel efficient cruisrequiring fairly moderate speed (800-1000
When the boat is accelerated forward, its
Close quarters or “on-a-dime” turns can be
used to change direction in small areas.
CSR-159-18
RPM) and using shift controls only. Move
shift lever of port or starboard engine to forward or reverse for short intervals to maneuver the boat into the desired position.
Stopping the boat’s forward movement
(checking headway) using propeller bursts
will reduce the distance required to stop.
5-12
trim angle increases causing the bow to ride
high and the stern low. Continued acceleration will bring the trim angle to a maximum
angle (“hump”); then the boat will level out to
its planing attitude.
ing speed.
!
WARNING
Do not overtrim. The boat may
veer or the bow may dig in causing you to lose control.
It is important to get “over the hump” as
soon as possible due to the reduced visibili455 Series
ACCELERATE
BOW RAISES
PLANING ATTITUDE
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When accelerating to cruising speed, lower
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Dropping and Weighing
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i the spoterwhere
trim tabs to assist the boat up at the stern
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Maneuver the boat
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n in mind the dropped and one-half hour later. If the referC keeping
and into a planing attitude quickly. As water
anchor is to
be lowered, w
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ence marks have moved, the anchor is
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tabs forcing the stern up. Change the angle
dragging and must be reset.
anchor
line). iAsgood gauge for the amount
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of the trim tabs to change the rate of lift;
eof scope risua length 6 to 7 times the depth of The end of the anchor line should be
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lower tabs result in faster lift.
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.
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n your win 10 feet of water, so use approximately 60 is coiled, it should be done neatly and each
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coil put around or on top of the previous coil
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Have a crew member on the bow carefully
ht
diately; it will take a few seconds.
anchoring.
lower the anchor. When the anchor is on the
TABS EXTENDED,
WATER PASSES UNDER
HULL, HITS TABS AND
FORCES STERN UP AND
BOW DOWN.
CSR162-5A
Trim tabs can also be used to control
uneven weight situations while underway.
For a heavy stern, lower trim tabs equally
until a comfortable plane is achieved. If the
port or starboard is heavy, lower the trim tab
on the heavy side to a point where the boat
levels out.
455 Series
bottom, keep slight tension on the line.
Maneuver the boat backwards slowly until
the proper scope has been fed out. Fasten
the line around the bow cleat. Anchor flukes
should dig in and hold.
CSR162-6A
To weigh (pull in) anchor, it is recommended
to have the engines running. Pull in the
scope until the line is vertical. Pull hard to lift
the anchor’s shank and free the flukes from
the bottom material.
5-13
455 Series
SCOPE
6 TO 7 TIMES
DEPTH OF WATER
Use a double-braided nylon rope. Some
synthetic fiber ropes stretch too much. Make
a bridle for each craft (towing and towed) by
putting a rope completely around the hull.
!
WARNING
Always stay clear of any tight or
stretched lines.
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Use another boat to carry the anchor to
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deeper water. Operate the windlass to
f Boatiser
If the anchor is stuck, attach the vertical,
Towingdthe
pull the boat free.
taut line to the bow cleat. Wave action on
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the bow may lift flukes from the bottom. If
oa w.C! CAUTION
If all efforts fail, get help from the Coast
the anchor is still stuck, feed out a few feet nl
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Guard.
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of line and attach it to bow cleat. Maneuver
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the boat around the anchor, keepingD
the line :/ grounding and towing! The stress
IMPORTANT
p may be too much for cleats and
tight. Find an angle that will pull the anchor
t
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You should always offer help to a
mounting plates. Cleats are
loose.
If you run aground, depending on the situation, there are a few things you can do.
G
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CSR162-7A
G
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designed for mooring use only.
If your boat is equipped with a windlass, use
the same procedures as above but refer to
the manufacturer’s instructions on the operation of the windlass. Always remember to
relieve the load on the windlass when
anchored: use a bridle attached to a cleat or
attach the line directly to a cleat.
5-14
If you are aground, need a tow or wish to
tow another craft, use great care. The boat
structure can be damaged by excessive
pulling strain.
craft in distress. However, towing a
capsized boat, grounded boat or
hull-damaged boat is dangerous.
Give assistance to the occupants,
then call the proper authorities.
455 Series
Section 6 – Periodic Checks and Services
PERIODIC CHECKS AND SERVICES ..6-2
Before Every Use ........................... 6-3
Every 50 Hours................................ 6-5
Every 100 Hours.............................. 6-7
Monthly ............................................ 6-7
Quarterly .......................................... 6-8
Annually ........................................... 6-9
Additional Pre-Launch Checklist.... 6-10
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455 Series
6-1
455 Series
PERIODIC CHECKS AND
SERVICES
The checks and services outlined in this
section are to be accomplished in conjunction with the periodic maintenance outlined
in the various owner’s manuals contained in
the Skipper’s Kit. It is extremely important
that you read and understand the periodic
maintenance tasks outlined in your owner’s
manuals (such as the engine owner’s manual and the generator owner’s manual),
because those maintenance tasks are not
repeated in this manual.
FREQUENCY
Before Every Use
TASK
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Check seawater strainers for leaks and accumulation of debris.
Check exhaust system for leaks.
Check seacocks for leaks.
Check propeller shaft logs for water entry.
Check fuel system lines and connections for leaks.
Check battery charge.
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Use the adjacent table to establish your
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Every 100 Hours
1. Inspect
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maintenance routine. The pages which folF
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2. iClean bilge.rs
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low provide instructions on how to accomr
neair horn compressor.
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1. Lubricate
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vices listed.
Test GFCI outlet.
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3.
Check zincs.
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5. Check all shift and throttle cable connections at controls,
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engines and transmissions.
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1. Check battery electrolyte level.
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2. Check hydraulic steering system oil level.
ht Annually
1. Check trim tab pump fluid level.
6-2
Every 50 Hours
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Clean seawater strainers.
Clean freshwater filter.
Inspect rudder tie bar.
Check rudder shaft logs for leaks.
Inspect propellers for damage.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Check engine to shaft coupling alignment.
Lubricate rudder shaft.
Lubricate seacocks.
Check engine mounting hardware.
455 Series
Before Every Use
a. Close appropriate seacock.
b. Remove strainer cover. Some covers
can be removed by simply loosening
a wing nut and swinging the cover to
the side; others need to be unfastened using an allen tool.
STRAINER
COVER
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c. Lift strainer from container and use a
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2. Inspect
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hose
connections
CHECK SEAWATER STRAINERS FOR
fr iseforrsleakage.
LEAKS
the strainers
LEAKS AND ACCUMULATION OF
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1. Start the engines following the normal
DEBRIS
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.
3.
If
hose
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or
leaking,
close
the
start procedure.
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1. Check the following stainers:
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appropriate seacock to prevent any furw
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Port and starboard engine cooling water
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and generator for leakage.
damaged hose and clamps. See your
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strainers located in engine compartment.
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authorized Cruisers Yachts dealer for
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3. If leakage is apparent, tighten hose
parts and service.
HOSE CONNECTION
POINT
CONTAINER
STRAINER
CSR164-21A
Generator cooling water strainer located
in engine compartment.
Air conditioning seawater strainer
located in the engine compartment.
4. Inspect container for build-up of debris
which can clog the strainer and cause a
system failure. If strainer needs to be
cleaned, do the following:
clamps. If leakage persists, replace
hoses and clamps. See your Cruisers
Yachts dealer for parts and service.
Cockpit washdown strainer located at
the transom on the port side.
455 Series
6-3
455 Series
CHECK SEACOCKS FOR LEAKS
Generator cooling water seacock located
in the engine compartment.
Air conditioning seacock located in the
engine compartment.
CHECK PROPELLER SHAFT LOG
FOR WATER ENTRY
SHAFT LOG
Head outlet seacocks located in the port
generator compartment and in the port
engine compartment.
HOSE
CONNECTION
POINT
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If hose is leaking, tighten
clamp.
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3. Inspect
for signs of leakage at
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damage incurred due to an
!
CAUTION
improperly adjusted or neglected
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shaft log. Excessive water entry
Seacocks can only be replaced
2. Inspect hose connections at seacock for
leaks.
HULL
HOSE
CHECK
FOR
LEAKS
CHECK
FOR
LEAKS
1. Check the following seacocks:
CSR173-16
CSR162-13A
Port and starboard engine cooling water
seacocks located in the engine compartment.
6-4
STRONG
SEAL
when the boat is out of the water.
If leakage is apparent, take your boat to
a Cruisers Yachts dealer for immediate
service.
could result in the submergence
of the engine compartment.
3. If water entry is apparent, adjust shaft
log.
455 Series
!
CAUTION
Always hand tighten the shaft log
hose clamps. Tightening clamps
too tight will damage the packing
material and the shaft, ultimately
leading to system failure.
CHECK BATTERY CHARGE
1. Turn MASTER BATTERY switch on.
2. Move the battery test switch to “1” to
check the starboard engine cranking
battery, and to “2” to check the port
engine cranking battery.
3. Return screen to housing bottom and
reattach bottom to housing cover.
INSPECT RUDDER TIE BAR
1. Check tie bar at each end for loose hardware and damaged or missing cotter
pins. Tighten and replace as needed.
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Check cylinder where it attaches to tie
4. Check the rubber coupling, it should be
o2. bar
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for loose hardware. Tighten as needwatertight. If leakage is apparent, tighten
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hose clamps. If hose is damaged, or the
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4. When you have checked all the batterw
leak persists, refer the problem to your
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the “OFF” u
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Cruisers Yachts dealer.
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looseness. Tighten as needed.
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CHECK FUEL SYSTEM LINES AND
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CONNECTIONS FOR LEAKS
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CLEAN
SEAWATER
STRAINERS
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ness or damage. Tighten or replace as
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1. Check all lines and connections at the
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needed.
Refer
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s Strainers” in “Before Every
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fuel tanks, and at the generator and
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engines.
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5. Check hydraulic lines for leaks.
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! WARNING ow
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CHECK RUDDER DRIPLESS
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IMPORTANT
DO NOT operate the engines
:
COLLARS FOR LEAKS
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fuel leaks have been detected.
All
t
Freshwater
system
must
be
com1. Check rudder shaft at shaft log for signs
h any
fuels are combustible. Repair
pletely drained before attempting to
of leakage. Turn the steering wheel to
3. Move the test switch to “3” to check on
the auxiliary batteries.
leak before starting the engine or
the generator.
2. Tighten any connection that may be
leaking. If problem persists, or fuel lines
are damaged, refer the problem to your
Cruisers Yachts dealer.
455 Series
service filter.
1. Grab filter housing at bottom and
unscrew from cover.
2. Remove screen from housing and flush
with clean water. Use a brush to remove
any sediment.
actuate the rudder hydraulics. There
should be no water entry.
2. If leakage is apparent, adjust the shaft
log hose clamps.
6-5
455 Series
RUDDER ANGLE SENDER
COTTER
PIN
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CHECK
FOR
LOOSENESS
CONNECTING
ARM
SET SCREW
CHECK FOR
LOOSENESS
CHECK
FOR
LOOSENESS
TIE BAR
COTTER
PIN
CONNECTING
ARM
CHECK
FOR
LOOSENESS
CYLINDER
HYDRAULIC
LINES
6-6
CHECK
FOR
LOOSENESS
LINKAGE
SET
SCREW
CHECK
FOR
LOOSENESS
CSR173-41
455 Series
INSPECT PROPELLERS FOR
DAMAGE
1. Check propellers for bends, cracks and
pitting.
RUDDER
BEARING
AND SEAL
CLEAN BILGE
See Section 8, GENERAL MAINTENANCE
for details.
Monthly
2. Do not continue to use badly damaged
propellers. Damaged propellers must be
replaced. See Section 8 for details.
LUBRICATE AIR HORN
COMPRESSOR
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Every 100 Hours
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.
INSPECT FRESHWATER SYSTEM
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1. Fill and pressurizeis
freshwater system.
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hatch.
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leaks are apparent, drain system and
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damage incurred due to an
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clamps.
See your Cruisers Yachts dealer
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shaft log. Excessive water entry
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for parts and service.
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could result in the submergence
CSR173-59
of the engine compartment.
Tighten the shaft log hose clamps using
only hand pressure.
455 Series
4. Inspect connections at water heater.
There should be no signs of leakage. If
leaks are apparent, drain system and
replace defective hoses, tubes and
clamps. See your Cruisers Yachts dealer
for parts and service.
FEED TUBE
COVER
CSR164-30A
1. The compressor is located behind the
dash panel at the helm.
2. Locate the compressor’s oil feed tube.
3. Remove feed tube cover and add 4 to 7
drops of oil.
6-7
455 Series
TEST GFCI OUTLET
4. Push the test button on each GFCI outlet. Power should be interrupted to all
outlets onboard. Press the reset button
to restore power.
CHECK HYDRAULIC STEERING
SYSTEM OIL LEVEL
VENT PLUG
5. If power is not interrupted, do not use
any of the outlets. Have a qualified electrician make the necessary repairs.
APPROX. 1"
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! CAUTION
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Failure to maintain the zinc
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.
anodes on your boat will result in w
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electrolytic corrosion to all subs
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merged metal.
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s
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efor 1. Remove vent plug from fill hole on helm
r zinc anodes
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1. Check dealer installed
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Provide AC to the boat with either a
m YoursOdealer will
excessive corrosion.
pump.
o
shore power hookup or the onboard
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point outftheir locations
at time of delive
generator (if installed). Turn the approd outline
s in your Skipper’s 2. Visually inspect oil level. Recommended
i
ery.eKeep this u
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priate breaker(s) on.
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oil level is approximately 1" from top of
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fill hole.
Turn the outlet circuit breakers “ON” w
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located on the AC master panel. Do
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Quarterly
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3. If oil needs to be added, refer to your
:
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CHECK
BATTERY
ELECTROLYTE
hydraulic steering owner’s manual for fillt
Locate the GFCI circuit breaker.
h LEVEL
ing and bleeding instructions. Use grade
TEST
RESET
CHECK ZINCS
CSR164-28A
CSR162-15
1.
2.
3.
See Section 8, GENERAL MAINTENANCE
for details.
6-8
of oil recommended by manufacturer.
4. DO NOT remove the cap from the lower
station helm.
455 Series
Annually
RUDDER
ARM
CHECK TRIM TAB PUMP FLUID
LEVEL
1. A fluid level line has been added to the
oil reservoir of the trim tab pump. The oil
level is visible through the translucent
sides of the reservoir.
2.
MARK
SHAFT
HERE
PLUG
TIE
ROD
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SHAFT
MARK
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If oil is low, replenish in the following
SHAFT
F HERE
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manner:
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BEARING
Remove plastic cover by unscrewing
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tube and use a
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with
a
tube
to
add
oil.
ronly untileoilrsreaches thelubricating
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full
line
indid cated onuithes reservoir.
LUBRICATE RUDDER SHAFT
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Lubricate with a waterproof marine grease.
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ENGINE TO SHAFT
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COUPLING
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GENERAL MAINTENANCE
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for
details.
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FILL TUBE
CSR161-29A
CENTER SCREW
CSR173-60
CSR161-30A
455 Series
6-9
455 Series
LUBRICATE SEACOCKS
CHECK ENGINE MOUNTING
HARDWARE
1. Lubricate the following seacocks:
1. Check engine mounting hardware for
looseness.
Port and starboard engine cooling water
seacocks located in the engine compartment.
2. If mounting is loose, temporarily tighten
and then have an engine and propeller
shaft alignment done as soon as possible.
Generator cooling water seacock located
in the engine compartment.
m
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OUTo
OF THE WATER:
Head outlet water seacocks located in
F
s
rJ Inspect
m lubricate seacocks. Hoses
the engine compartment and the generand
e
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and. hose clamps should be inspected
ator compartment.
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and replaced as necessary.
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Use lubricating oil and lubricate the wing
e rsF J Replace deteriorated zincs.
s
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screw threads and the valve handle at
ru ne
its pivot point.
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J Inspect prop(s) for dings, pitting and disw
m
tortion. Make sure cotter pins are
O
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secure. Grip the prop and try moving the
f iser
d
shaft – if it’s loose, the cutlass bearing
e
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may need to be replaced.
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.
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hasn’t been bent.
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J Make sure your engine intake sea straint
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er is free of corrosion and properly
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secured.
Air conditioning seacock located in the
engine compartment.
2.
Additional Pre-Launch Checklist
LUBRICATE
HANDLE
PIVOT
CSR162-16A
J
J
6-10
Check power steering and power trim oil
levels.
Inspect outer jacket of control cables.
Cracks or swelling indicate corrosion
and could mean that the cable should be
replaced.
455 Series
J
Inspect bottom paint for deterioration,
prep and paint any bare areas. If you
are using “ablative” bottom paint, make
sure to lightly scuff bottom 24 hours
before launching to reactivate the paint.
J
If stored with full fuel tanks we recommend adding “Stabil” or some type of
Isopropyl additive to reduce moisture in
gasoline powered boats.
IN THE WATER:
ENGINES AND FUEL SYSTEMS:
J
J
J
Make sure your boating license and/or
registration is up to date.
Review your boat insurance policy and
update coverage if needed.
Make sure you have properly sized and
wearable life jackets in good condition
for each passenger, including children
and pets.
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information is being provided as a
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courtesy to our dealers and customers to
m
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J Use a hose to checkeforrsdeck leaks
F or
season.
sRenew caulks
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ports and hatches.
J Inspect fuel tanks, fuel pumps and filters
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gaskets asC
necessary.
for leaks. Clamps should be snug and
ne
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free of heavy rust. Clean fuel filters.
m
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J Check
engine mount
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they are tight.
J Inspect cooling hoses and fittings for
e
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stiffness, rots, leaks and/or cracking.
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Make sure they fit snugly and are dou- ad J Check
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.
bolts.
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ble-clamped on all hoses below water
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line.
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J Every two years remove and inspect
p:
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exhaust manifolds for corrosion.
J Check expiration dates on flares and fire
t
hfailures
Undetected exhaust manifold
extinguishers.
J
Inspect fuel lines, including fill and vent
hoses, for softness, brittleness or cracking. Check all joints for leaks and make
sure all lines are well supported with
non-combustible clips or straps with
smooth edges.
can cause serious engine damage.
J
J
Clean and tighten electrical connections,
especially both ends of battery cables.
Wire-brush battery terminals and fill cells
with distilled water.
Inspect bilge blower hose for leaks or
blockage.
455 Series
J
J
J
J
Check the engine shaft and rudder
stuffing boxes for steady leaks and
looseness. If equipped with Tides
Dripless Shaft Logs, make sure to read
the literature so they are torqued to
proper specifications.
Inspect bilge pump and float switch to
make sure they are working properly.
Inspect dock and anchor lines for chafing.
Update or replace old charts, waterway
guides.
6-11
455 Series
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6-12
455 Series
Section 7 – Storage for Extended Lay-Up
STORAGE FOR EXTENDED LAY-UP... 7-2
Lifting and Storing Your Boat ......... 7-2
Transporting ................................... 7-3
Winterization ................................... 7-3
Fitting Out After Storage ................. 7-6
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455 Series
7-1
455 Series
STORAGE FOR EXTENDED
LAY-UP
Lifting and Storing Your Boat
SLING
MARKERS
!
CAUTION
Never lift a boat with a large amount
of water in the bilge! Undue stress
will be put on the hull.
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bars to lift the boat. Slings must have a minim
mum width of six inches and a capacity ratro ersO
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ing high enough to support the boat.
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Spreader bars reduce the side pressure at
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the boat’s sheer line and prevent distortion
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or damage to the deck or gunwale molding.
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:
Put slings around the hull at positions
p
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marked “SLING”. The sling decal is located
h
just under the gunwale molding. Make sure
Slings must never contact or exert a
force on shafts, struts or hardware
protruding from the hull.This type of
stress can damage fiberglass, bend
or misalign parts, which is not covered under the warranty.
C.G.
100
181-1/4
38-R012B
289
the sling contacts the bottom of the hull for
the entire length with no twists in the sling.
When lifting the boat. keep the bow slightly
higher than the stern to keep water from
running into engine manifold. Water can
cause corrosion or damage to the engine.
7-2
70
102
117
38-R009B
455 Series
!
CAUTION
When your boat is out of the
water, it is important to support
the hull correctly to avoid any hull
damage.
Transporting
G
The boat must be supported on a trailer with
the same care and concern as on the
ground. Cover the boat to prevent additional
load being added from rain or snow. Contact
your dealer for assistance in transporting
your craft.
Secure hatches, windows, doors and
canvas to prevent damage from wind and
accidental opening.
G
Cover and tie the boat down securely to
avoid any shifting, tipping or sliding during transport.
m
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Winterization
o
Transporting Checklist
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Check all federal, state and local regulae
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! CAUTION
.
tions and requirements to transport your
w
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boat. Arrange for any permits
Oand escorts
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If improperly stored, the boat
s
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as required.
could take on water which can
e
F
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s
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accumulate and cause damage to
e to preruremove batteries
Disconnect and
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onboard systems.
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vent accidental
sparks
and spilled elecO
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If a factory-supplied cradle is not available,
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If your boat is to be stored on shore, a thorextreme care should be used to support the
d
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winterizing procedure will extend the
u tanks to prevent fuel fumes, ough
hull as shown on Page 7-2. Do not support de Emptyrfuel
a
life
of
your boat and its equipment. Utilize
C
.
boat by resting hull on keel; the load willlo
be
spilling
and
possible
fire.
the
following
suggestions to make boat prep
w
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more than 10 pounds per square inch!
w
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o chine/to/w Empty freshwater system to reduce trans- for the next boating season a little easier.
Vertical supports must extend from
D
keel to chine with no gaps between the
p:hull
portation weight.
1. Clean the hull and deck as soon as the
t
t
and cradle supports. Protect all items
h
boat is pulled from the water. This will
extending from the hull from resting on the
Remove all items from cabinets, pockets
The shipping/storage-cradle will provide the
proper support at the recommended positions. The load at the cradle support areas is
less than 10 pounds per square inch. Make
sure the cradle is level and completely supported on the ground to eliminate any cradle
or hull distortion. Contact your Cruisers
Yachts dealer to order a cradle.
G
G
G
G
support or ground. DO NOT apply any load
stress to props, shafts, rudders, struts, etc.
If a cradle can’t be used, use foam blocks
on the keel and jackstands on the chine.
455 Series
G
and drawers to eliminate damage.
G
Secure all drawers, cushions, doors, etc.
to prevent any cabin damage from items
moving around during transport.
make cleaning easier because the marine
growth will still be wet. (See the Care and
Cleaning section in this manual.)
2. Store the boat with the bow up so any
accumulation of moisture will run off.
7-3
455 Series
3. Inspect the hull and underwater gear for
signs of deterioration, wear or damage.
Note any damages to engine, cabin
equipment, helm area, etc. that has
occurred during the past boating season. Try to have any repairs made
before covering the craft.
4. Fuel System:
a. Flush engine with clean fresh water.
b. Refer to the engine owner’s manual
for procedures to store and winterize
the engine.
7. Remove the drain plug at the bottom of
all exhaust mufflers to prevent freeze
damage. (This includes the generator
muffler.) Store plugs in a safe place.
Do not fill the tanks so fuel flows
from the vents. Allow room in the
tanks for expansion.
a. Flush engines with clean fresh water.
b. Refer to the engine owner’s manual
for procedures to store and winterize
the engines.
7-4
9. Air Conditioning System:
a. Open intake seacock. Loosen
screws on the seawater pump head
to allow water to drain from pump.
b. Disconnect intake and all unit supply
hoses.
c. Flush units and lines to strainer and
seacock with clean water.
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b. Pour 1 gallon of non-toxic
cock.
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“BIOBOR” and conditioner, such as
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b. Run engines for 10 minutes to make lo
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a. Close intake seacock and remove
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ator
antifreeze
under
any
circumlines and parts of the engines.
intake hose.
D p:// stances! It is poisonous. See your
b. Put hose in a bucket of non-toxic
marine or recreational dealer for
Engines:
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antifreeze. Operate system until
non-toxic antifreeze.
IMPORTANT
5.
6. Generator Engine:
c. If equipped with macerator discharge
and the boat is removed from the
water, operate macerator pump just
long enough so antifreeze runs
through pump and lines.
d. Blow water out of lines with low air
pressure.
antifreeze solution is discharged
from system.
455 Series
c. Turn system off and relieve pressure
in hose, if connected.
d. Remove drain plug from cockpit
wash seacock. Allow to drain and
replace drain plug.
13. Freshwater System:
14. Refrigerator/Freezer:
a. Place FR WATER PUMP switch in
the “OFF” position.
a. Place REFRIG circuit breaker to
“OFF” position.
b. Remove the freshwater supply by
opening the hot and cold faucets in
the galley for 10 minute intervals.
Repeat the procedure until the freshwater tank is empty.
b. Discard any ice cubes.
c. Wipe unit dry and leave the door
blocked open during storage.
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12. Shower Sump and Sink Drains:
from freshwater
pump. e
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sure
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Generator
Generator (intake)
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accumulator
Freshwater
Air conditioning
a. Check that master battery switch is
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in the “ON” position.
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filter
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and
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b. Pour non-toxic antifreeze in the
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charges the antifreeze overboard.
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c. Turn battery master switch
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a. Be sure the master battery switch is
disconnected. Drain exchanger and
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“OFF” position.
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in the “OFF” position. Remove batlines.
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teries from the boat and store in a
d. Pour non-toxic antifreezehin all sink
g. Use low air pressure at freshwater
11. Bilge Pumps:
In areas where temperatures are below
freezing, the bilge must be pumped out
and sponged completely dry. Check for
areas that do not drain completely to the
pumps. There are no hull drain plugs.
drains until the anti-freeze is discharged overboard.
pump outlet hose to blow water from
all water lines.
h. Connect outlet hose to freshwater
pump. Pour approximately 1-1/2
ounces of potable alcohol into the
pump inlet. Rotate pump pulley two
turns by hand and connect inlet hose.
455 Series
non-freezing area.
b. Put batteries on a wooden pallet or
bench.
c. Keep batteries on a trickle charge.
Check and maintain electrolyte
levels regularly.
7-5
455 Series
17. Interior Preparations:
a. Remove items that will hold moisture
and cause mildew such as life jackets, towels, blankets, cushions, mattresses, clothing, curtains, canvas, etc.
b. Scrub the inside of the boat. Clean
the cabinets, drawers and cupboards. Try to allow one day for drying and airing out the cabin area as
weather permits.
NOTE
If possible, do not seal cabin or
cockpit tightly. Dry, fresh air will ventilate these areas preventing mold
and mildew.
19. Cover your boat with a tarpaulin or
mooring cover. If the boat is stored outside, additional supports under the tarp
or cover may be necessary to prevent
pockets that will collect snow or rain.
This can add extra load to the hull and
cradle and also stress the cover, possibly tearing it.
3. Inspect the entire fuel system for leaks
or deterioration. Replace parts as necessary.
4. Open and close all seacocks to check
operation. Install all drain plugs in strainers and seacocks.
5. Check all hoses and fittings for cracking,
splitting or deterioration. Replace defective parts immediately.
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Batteries:
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Fitting Out After Storage
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A thorough check of your boat after
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18. Exterior Preparations:
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extended storage
period
for
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a. The bottom will require at least one
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c. Install batteries and connect battery
a stress cracks
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beginning a new season. This can
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be done when winterizing or at thewn water leaks
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grease or petroleum jelly to cover
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steps
will assist you in getting your boat
start of the new season. Consulto
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the posts and cable clamps.
back into the water.
your Cruisers Yachts dealer for paint p:/
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specifications for your area.
d. Turn master battery switch to the
ht 1. If anti-fouling paint and wax was not
“ON” position.
b. Apply a coat of wax to the entire surface of the boat. Put rust inhibitor on
all deck hardware and other metal
parts. Consult your Cruisers Yachts
dealer for product recommendations.
7-6
applied before your boat was stored,
apply them now.
2. Inspect all through-hull fittings, shafts
and rudder seals for tightness and
possible leakage. Do not overtighten.
7. Install drain plugs in bottom of all mufflers. Inspect exhaust system from
engine to hull outlet. Make sure hoses,
mufflers, fittings and clamps are water
and exhaust tight.
455 Series
8. Connect all hoses that were disconnected for winter storage.
9. Freshwater System:
a. Close all faucets onboard.
an extended storage.
11. Refer to generator owner’s manual for
procedures to put generator back into
service.
12. Put miscellaneous equipment such as
mattresses, cushions, curtains, life jackets, etc. onboard.
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h
MAINTENANCE for this procedure.
cedures to put engine into service after
b. Fill freshwater tank with approximately 50 gallons of pure drinking
water. Turn freshwater pump circuit
breaker to “ON.”
455 Series
7-7
455 Series
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7-8
455 Series
Section 8 – General Maintenance
GENERAL MAINTENANCE .................
Power Train .....................................
DC Electrical System .....................
Freshwater System ........................
8-2
8-2
8-3
8-4
Bilge ............................................... 8-4
Hull .................................................. 8-4
General Care and Cleaning ........... 8-5
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455 Series
8-1
455 Series
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Power Train
COUPLING ALIGNMENT
TRANSMISSION
4. Leave coupling half on transmission stationary and rotate the propeller shaft 1
turn, in 90° intervals. At each 90° interval,
check the clearance between the coupling halves. If the four measurements
differ by more than 0.003", the propeller
shaft may be bent.
COUPLING
PROPELLER REPLACEMENT
4. Where the prop contacts the shaft the
blueing will be gone. About 60% contact
is required between the prop and the
shaft. If sufficient contact area is
obtained, go to Step 7.
5. If the contact area is small, apply a
course valve grinding compound to the
taper of the shaft. Install the prop and
rotate it on the shaft clockwise and
counterclockwise about 100 times.
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6.
Remove
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er compound
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Slight coupling misalignment can cause
8. Install the key and prop on the shaft.
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vibrations, loss of power and damage to
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The key should fit tight from side to side.
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crankshaft bearings. Check coupling alignThere should be a slight clearance
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between the top of the key and the
.
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groove in the prop. If there is no clearw
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1. Remove the coupling bolts and slide
the
peller
installation
procedure.
Refer
to
the
ance, the prop can be forced off center
/w manufacturer’s recommended proDo p:/propeller
coupling apart only slightly.
causing vibration.
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cedure if different.
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2. With a feeler gauge, measure the gap
9. Drive the prop all the way up the shaft
TENSION PIN
KEY
SHAFT
KEYWAY
MISALIGNED COUPLING
CSR161-36A
NUTS
COTTER PIN
PROP
CSR161-37A
between the coupling halves at four
places 90° apart. The difference in the
readings must not exceed 0.003".
3. Using the adjustable engine mounts,
adjust engine until coupling is in alignment. (See your Cruisers Yachts dealer.)
8-2
1. Remove any small burrs on tapered end
of propeller shaft using a honing stone.
2. Apply a thin layer of “prussian blue” on
the tapered section of the shaft.
by installing and tightening the large nut.
10. Install the small nut. Hold the large nut
while tightening the small nut to lock the
nuts in place. Install the cotter pin and
bend the ends over to hold it in place.
3. Slide the prop on the shaft and rotate it
slightly on the shaft. Remove the prop.
455 Series
RUDDER REPLACEMENT
RUDDER
ARM
MARK
SHAFT
HERE
3. Transfer marks for vertical position to
new rudder shaft.
DC Electrical System
4. Loosen the hardware to remove rudder
arm from the rudder shaft. Lower the
rudder from the boat.
The standard batteries furnished by Cruisers
are “MAINTENANCE FREE.” Follow the recommendations of the battery manufacturers
for proper maintenance.
CHARGE BATTERIES
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batteries will be charged, when the
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6. Install a new rudder and hold it in placesF engines are running, by the engine alternaSHAFT
MARK
r tors.
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All batteries can be charged from dockSHAFT
while collar is installed, To ease installae
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HERE
.
side
power
or from generator power. When
tion, spray shaft with lubricant.
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AND SEAL
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7. Install rudder arm. s
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8. Tighten
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1. Mark shaft for vertical position. p:
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2. Have a second person outside the boat
TIE
ROD
5. Insert red collar to protect O-ring.
CSR173-60
remove the rudder as the hardware is
loosened.
455 Series
8-3
455 Series
Freshwater System
Bilge
GELCOAT REPAIR
CLEAN THE WATER TANK
CLEAN THE BILGE AREA
Fill the freshwater tank using a plastic hose.
Rubber hoses can add an objectionable
taste to the water.
Pump bilge area dry and remove all loose
dirt. Make sure all drain passageways and
bilge pump strainers are clear.
Scratches or blemishes in the gelcoat may
detract from the appearance of your boat
but they do not affect the strength or integrity of the fiberglass hull or the component
which the gelcoat covers.
To clean your new freshwater system, or the
system after a long period of storage, use
the following procedure:
3.
4.
5.
6.
gar and 5 gallons of water. Add the solution to the system and let it remain in the
system for several days.
7. Drain the system and flush with clean
freshwater. Fill the tank and bleed the air
from all the lines.
8-4
A gelcoat repair kit (available from your
authorized dealer) permits the user to repair
minor scratches and nicks in the gelcoat.
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Minor
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mwith 320 grit first, sanding
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until
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scratch starts to disappear.
.
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grit until the scratch is gone. Finish
O orUse
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and fill the tank with freshwater.
GELCOAT CARE
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sanding
600 grit and buff the area with
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complete
washdown
of
all
exterior
gel
rubbing
compound.
Rub hard at first and
Start the freshwater pump and bleed all
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the air from the freshwater system. Start
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with the faucet farthest from the pump.
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that contain
FIBERGLASS REPAIR
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Allow the treated water to stand for 3 to
ammoniador chlorine.is
Alcohol
or kerosene
refers to fiberglass reinforced
e
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4 hours.
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may
be used for rstubborn
a
plastic
construction
of the hull, deck, and
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. will remove most stains and cabin fabrications beneath
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Drain the tank and lines. Flush the entire nl ing and buffing
the thin gelcoat
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shallow
scratches.
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system with clean freshwater. Fill the
Fiberglass repairs require the use of
w where your boat is stored for winter skin.
Do p:/In/areas
tank with freshwater.
special tools and following precise repair
instructions. Your Cruisers Yachts dealer is
a pre-launch waxing for the season
tt months,
If an excessive chlorine taste is still preh
skilled in handling these repairs and also
should suffice. In southern areas, wax the
sent, make a solution of 1 quart of vine-
1. Make a solution of 2-1/2 cups (20 oz.) of
household bleach and 10 gallons of
water.
2.
After time, the bilge will collect dirt and oil.
DO NOT use flammable solvents to clean
the bilge. Frequent cleaning with a commercial bilge cleaner will loosen oil and dirt and
make cleaning easy. Consult your Cruisers
Yachts dealer for instructions and use.
exterior surfaces at least semi-annually. A
specially formulated fiberglass wax is
recommended to prevent any color fade and
soil adhesion. If waxing alone does not bring
back the shiny appearance, hand buffing
with DuPont #7 Rubbing Compound or
power buffing with Mirror Glaze #1 may be
necessary.
has available fiberglass repair kits for boat
owners to make their own repairs, if capable.
455 Series
If you decide to make repairs yourself, tools
and materials you will need are:
Fiberglass Repair Kit
Acetone
Resin
Hardener
Fiberglass
400 and 600 Grit Wet Sand Paper
Polishers/Buffer
Automotive-Type Rubbing Compound
Putty Knife
Also, allow sufficient drying time before
launching your boat; follow paint manufacturer’s suggestions.
General Care and Cleaning
DECK FITTINGS AND HARDWARE
INTERIOR WALL COVERINGS AND
OVERHEAD
Vinyl interior wall coverings and ceiling panels may be sponge-cleaned with quality vinyl
cleaners or with a 50/50 solution of mild
detergent and water. Blot dry with a clean
cloth after cleaning.
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alcatraz wall covering material should
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vacuum
cleaned first to remove all dirt. If
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visible to make sure that the
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An excellent resource booklet for instruce rsF
blot dry with a clean cloth after cleaning.
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REPAIR FIBERGLASS BOATS,” published
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The interior overhead may be cleaned with
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by Ferro Corporation, Nashville, Tennessee,
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upholstery cleaner.
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37211.
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WINDOWS
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Inspect
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ANTI-FOULING BOTTOM PAINT
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Plexiglass and Vinyl Windows.
a Tighten
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Before selecting a bottom paint, talk with
sary.
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First, flush the plexiglass and vinyl with
wn /ww
other boaters and your dealer toodetermine
clean water. Use your bare hand with
D area.p:/ EXTERIOR AND SEAT VINYL
which product works best in your
plenty of water to loosen any dirt. A clean
soft rag may then be used with a mild
Many variables affect the bottom paint
such
t
Regular washing with mild soap and warm
t
non-abrasive soap or detergent. Dry
as water temperature, pollution, h
salinity, curwater or vinyl upholstery cleaner is sufficient
carefully with a soft damp cloth or
Stainless steel has been used wherever
possible on your boat. It is not totally resistant to corrosion. Regular cleaning and polishing with a chrome or stainless steel polish
will maintain and extend its life. A daily rinsing with clear water to remove any salt
residue is suggested. A light wipe-down with
WD-40 or LPS sprayed on a soft rag after
each washdown will enhance its appearance.
G
rents, suspended dirt and organic matter,
and sunlight.
Fiberglass hulls should never be sanded,
cleaned, painted and launched in the same
day. Moisture in the old paint must be
allowed to escape completely to get good
adhesion between the new and old paint.
455 Series
to keep the cushions and vinyl coverings in
good condition. Keep the cushions from
becoming water soaked to prevent any
mildew accumulation. Wipe the cushions dry
and lightly spray them with Lysol to help prevent mildew.
chamois.
G
Sliding Windows.
Avoid cleaners containing sodium or calcium hypochlorite or cleaners that give off
a chlorine odor. These types of cleaners
can damage the nylon pile window channel runners.
8-5
455 Series
THE FABRIC: Seamark™ carries the
Sunbrella® limited five year warranty.
This warranty covers the face of the fabric
becoming unserviceable because of loss of
color or strength from normal exposure
conditions including sunlight, mildew, rot
and atmospheric chemicals. It does not
cover labor and installation supplied by the
dealer.
the top. It is important to note that under
the right conditions, mildew can grow rapidly regardless of how well the top is vented.
Haartz recommends a program of regular
cleaning (inside and out) before the top
gets dirty to help prevent the spread of
mildew.
IMPORTANT
CARE AND CLEANING (SUNBRELLA®)
1. Sunbrella® fabric should be cleaned
regularly before substances such as
dirt, roof particles, etc., are allowed to
accumulate on and become embedded
in the fabric. The fabric can be cleaned
without being removed from the frame.
Simply brush off any loose dirt, roof
particles, etc, hose down and clean
with a mild natural soap in lukewarm
water (no more than 100°F). Rinse
thoroughly to remove soap. DO NOT
USE DETERGENTS.
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Another method of cleaning for more
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is as follows: Soak the
CARE AND CLEANING (SEAMARK
)
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characteristics. Sunbrella has a fluorocars
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approximately
twenty minutes
Seamark fabric should be
cleaned regularu
bon finish which provides excellent water
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in a solution of no more than 1/2 cup
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repellency.
(4 oz.) bleach and 1/4 cup (2 oz.) naturm
cles are allowed
to accumulate
on and
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become embedded
BOAT TOP VENTILATION
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can beecleaned without
being removed
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water to remove all of the soap.
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NOTE
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acrylic fabric, by combining it with a texExcessive soaking in bleach can
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more than 100°F). Rinse thoroughly to
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This method of cleaning may remove.part
®
For your safety and the safety of
others, always make sure you follow
the boat manufacturer’s instructions
for proper ventilation of engine compartment fumes.
™
®
™
®
GENTS.
To help prevent mildew, it is advisable to
use Seamark™ on all horizontal portions of
the top and Sunbrella on all the vertical
portions. This will help prevent mildew by
allowing air to circulate. Extra ventilation
may be needed depending on the design of
®
8-6
NOTE
Your bimini top and top section of
your camper top is made out of
Seamark™ material.
of the water repellency and the fabric
should receive an application of an air-cur
ing water repellent treatment, such as
Barpellent, APCO or similar products, if
water repellency is a factor.
455 Series
3. Sunbrella® may be dry cleaned but a
water repellent treatment must be
applied to the fabric after dry cleaning
to reestablish water repellency.
Sunbrella® is made from 100% acrylic
fiber and is thermoplastic or heat sensitive. When washing or cleaning, DO
NOT SUBJECT TO EXCESSIVE HEAT
as the fabric will shrink. DO NOT
STEAM PRESS OR DRY IN ELECTRIC OR GAS DRYERS but allow to air
dry.
4.
5.
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In cases where a Sunbrella awning is
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and perforp:
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regularly.
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455 Series
8-7
455 Series
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8-8
455 Series
Section 9 – Accessory Items
ACCESSORY ITEMS ........................... 9-2
Air Conditioning/Heater Unit ........... 9-2
Air Horn .......................................... 9-2
Battery Charger .............................. 9-2
Clarion Stereo (Standard) ................9-2
Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detector ... 9-3
Cockpit Shower .............................. 9-3
Cockpit Washdown ......................... 9-3
Courtesy Lights .............................. 9-3
Covers ............................................ 9-3
Refrigerator/Freezer ....................... 9-3
Spotlight ......................................... 9-3
Wet Bar .......................................... 9-4
Stove .............................................. 9-4
Trim Tabs ........................................ 9-4
Windlass System ............................ 9-4
Function of Clutch .......................... 9-5
Lowering the Anchor Under Power ... 9-5
Raising the Anchor Under Power ... 9-5
Telephone Jack and Dockside
Receptacle .................................. 9-6
Oil Change System ........................ 9-6
Bow Thruster .................................. 9-9
Central Vacuum ............................ 9-10
Cockpit/Salon Stereo..................... 9-12
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455 Series
9-1
455 Series
ACCESSORY ITEMS
Air Conditioning/Heater Unit
The air conditioning/heating unit consists of
a heat pump unit and a seawater pump. The
unit and pump receive 115 volts power from
shore hook-up or the auxiliary generator.
The seacock must open and the AIR CONDITIONER circuit breaker, must be “ON” to
operate the heating/cooling system. Refer to
the air conditioner owner’s manual for operating instructions.
Raw water is drawn from the seacock,
through a strainer and to the pump. The
pump supplies all units with a continuous
flow of water in heating and cooling modes.
!
CAUTION
Inspect and clean strainer regularly;
damage can occur to pump or
compressors if the units do not
receive a sufficient flow of water.
The battery chargers can be turned on to
charge batteries when the boat is connected
to dockside power or when the generator is
running and the DOCKSIDE or GENERATOR circuit breaker on the AC panel is
switched “ON.”
To turn on the battery chargers, put the BATTERY CHARGER and the optional BOW
THRUSTER BAT CHARGER circuit breakers at the AC/DC panel in the “ON” position.
m
u
r
o information on the battery chargRefer to the heat pump manufacturer’s manF
For
further
s
ual in the Skipper’s Kit for complete operaThe forward air conditioning unit is located
erers refer.ctoothemowner’s manual(s) in the
n
tion and service instructions.
under the forward stateroom berth. The mid
w Skipper’s
Kit.
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O
u
unit is located under the salon sofa. The aft
rs ForClarion Stereo (Standard)
Air Horn
e
unit is located below the cabin entry stairs.
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The forward unit cools the forward stateThe dual trumpet air hornris
operated by
e
nhorn cir- The standard interior system for the 455 is a
room and the forward head. The forward
pushing a button at theCkeypad. The
w
m
12-volt Clarion head with CD and six disc
controls are located on the forward stateO
cuit is protectedo
by a resettable
circuit breaks
r
r below the
CD changer. The deck speakers and subroom TV cabinet. The mid unit cools the
er located onf PME #2, located
e
d
s
woofer are powered by a 200 watt amplifier.
i
e
salon and the third stateroom. The controls
AC/DC
panel.
u
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The forward stateroom and master statea
for the mid unit are located in the salon. The
C
.
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room speakers are powered by a 100 watt
w
aft unit cools the galley, master stateroom n The horn compressor
is located behind the
w
amplifier. The speakers that are located in
w
and aft head. The controls for the aft unit
are
dash
panel at the helm.
o
w
/
the salon dinette area are powered directly
D
/
located in the master stateroom entryway.
:
p
from the head unit. Each set of stateroom
t Battery Charger
t
speakers has its own fader switch.
h
! CAUTION
The main battery charger is used to convert
Do not block return air grille. Keep
air filters clean. Airflow restriction
will occur, causing inefficient operation and unnecessary strain on
the system.
9-2
dockside or generator AC power to DC
power to charge the engine cranking batteries and the house battery. An optional bow
thruster battery charger charges the optional
bow thruster battery.
455 Series
Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detector
Courtesy Lights
Spotlight
The carbon monoxide detector warns of carbon monoxide in the air and tracks the level
over an extended period of time. The detector, with visible and audible alarms, operates
on 12 volts DC. Locations for the detectors
include the salon, vee berth and master
stateroom.
The cockpit courtesy lights are controlled
from the keypad at the dash panel or from
the switch just inside of the cockpit entrance
door. The cockpit spreader lights are controlled from the keypad.
The remote spotlight is mounted on the pulpit of the bow rails. The master battery
switch must be on to operate the spotlight.
The spotlight is controlled from a joystickkeypad mounted at the helm.
m- Press SLOW once to select slow
SLOW
u
r
o light movement. Press again to turn light off.
F
Bimini Top. The bimini top covers the bridge
s
Refer to your Skipper’s Kit for carbon
r FAST
m- Press FAST to select fast light
area. Separate covers are provided to e
proo
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monoxide detector operating instructions.
n
.movement. Press again to turn light off.
tect the dash, wet bar and seating
from
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O
u DIRECTIONAL MOVEMENT - The center
inclement weather.
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Cockpit Shower
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F Care lever is moved left, right, fore and aft to
s “General
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The shower head, hose, hot and cold valves
Refer to Section 8,
paragraph
e of
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move the light beam.
ncleaning
are located on the stern transom. (Refer to
and Cleaning”,C
for care and
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page 2-4 for location.) The shower is funccovers. o
O
AUTO SWEEP - With the light on, pushing
s
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f
tional only when the freshwater system cone
this button will sweep the light in about a 90
d
s
i
Refrigerator/Freezer
e
tains water and the FR WATER PUMP cirdegree arc automatically. Press again to
u
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a
cuit breaker is “ON.”
C
The
refrigerator/freezer
operates
from
115
.
lo voltswAC during shore hookup or auxiliary stop sweep.
n
SOS/DISTRESS - Press and hold for about
w /wwgenerator operation. The REFRIG circuit
Cockpit Washdown
o
seconds to automatically flash “SOS” in
D
/ breaker, on the AC master panel, must be 5International
:
The optional cockpit systems will function
p
Morse Code. The light will
ttactivat- “ON” for AC volts refrigerator/freezer power. sweep horizontally
only when the freshwater system
is
while flashing. Press
h
ed and the freshwater pump circuit breaker
again to stop SOS flashing.
is “ON.”
The freshwater cockpit washdown fitting is
located near the cockpit entry stairs on the
port side. After use in salt water or brackish
water, wash the boat with freshwater upon
return to dock or slip.
455 Series
Covers
The lower unit is the refrigerator and the
upper unit is the freezer. Each door has a
lock to prevent the doors from opening while
underway.
See spotlight information literature in the
Skipper’s Kit.
See the refrigerator/freezer information in
your Skipper’s Kit.
9-3
455 Series
Wet Bar
The wet bar consists of a sink with pressurized cold water and an ice maker. The ice
maker receives power from 115 volt shore
power hookup or auxiliary generator operation. To operate the ice maker, the freshwater system must contain water, and the FR
WATER PUMP circuit breaker on the DC
Master Panel and the ICE/MKR circuit
breaker on the AC Master Panel must be
“ON.”
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See the ice maker information in your
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Skipper’s Kit.
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The trim tab pump is located on
the port aft Fo
Stove
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corner of the rudder shelf board.
! WARNING
u
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The double-burner electric stove gets its
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tab system uses Type A Dextron II automatic
When using the Winch DO NOT
power from 120 volts AC shore hookup or
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transmission fluid.
O
o
SWITCH IMMEDIATELY FROM ONE
auxiliary generator only. It is protected by a
s
r
r
f
e
DIRECTION TO THE OTHER WITHcircuit breaker in the AC master panel
d“SuggesteduiManeuvering
s
Refer to
e
OUT WAITING FOR THE WINDmarked RANGE.
d
r
Techniques”
in
Section
5 of this manual for
a
C
LASS TO STOP AS THIS COULD
.
oinformationwon trimming your boat. Also
l
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DAMAGE THE WINDLASS. Abuse
Trim Tabs
w
w
check
your
Skipper’s
Kit
for
further
informais not covered by Warranty.
Do p:/tion/won the trim tab system.
The two trim tabs located on the transom,
help to correct the attitude and control your t
hbyt Windlass System
boat. The tabs are controlled individually
TRIM
TAB
TRIM
TAB
rocker-type switches located on the dash
panel (see Section 3). A resettable circuit
breaker located next to the switches protects the circuit from an overload. Push
rocker switches in only half second intervals
to avoid over correction.
9-4
ZINC
PLATE
CSR173-43
The windlass can be operated from the keypad or by the foot switches located near the
windlass.
455 Series
!
WARNING
The Breaker/Isolator Panel provides protection for the main
power supply and is also a means
to isolate the circuit. The circuit
breaker provides protection for the
motor from excessive overload
current and short circuit. It does
not provide protection against
excessive heat build up due to
prolonged instant operation or
repeated operation under overload
conditions. Make sure you give
the motor time to cool (6-8 minutes). Abuse is not covered by
Warranty.
Function of Clutch
1. The cone clutch engages and disengages the chainwheel from the winch
drive. It is designed to be adjusted with
the handle provided and to provide slippage if winch is overloaded.
Raising the Anchor Under
Power
Proceed as follows:
1. Check that the clutch is firmly tightened
by inserting the handle provided and
rotating the handle clockwise (approximately one turn).
m
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s
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With the circuit breaker/isolator panel
rs For 3. “ON”
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the Winch may be operated by
s
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Lowering the u
Anchor
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either
using the Remote Control toggle
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Power
switch
or the footswitch (if fitted). Hold
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Proceed
as
follows:
(press) switch until the required amount
fr isers
of rope/chain rode has been brought in.
d
1. Check u
that the clutch is firmly tightened
e
d
r the handle provided in the 4. Motor up to the anchor while retrieving
inserting
C
.
! WARNING nloa wby
clutch nut and rotating the handle clockthe anchor rode. Do not use the winch to
w
When the Isolator Switch is “ON”
w
wise
(approximately
one
turn).
pull the boat up to the anchor.
o at //w
the system can be activated
D
:
2. With the main circuit breaker/isolator
5. Care should be taken when docking the
either the remote or the foot- tp
t
panel
“ON”
the
Winch
may
be
operated
anchor. Jog in the last meter (few feet)
switches. When system ish
not
by
either
the
Remote
Control
toggle
carefully seating the anchor home in the
being used, ensure that the power
is turned “OFF” at the
Breaker/Isolator Panel by pulling
the button out. Firm pressure is
required to push in or pull out the
button.
455 Series
2. Disengage the clutch by inserting the
clutch release handle (provided) into the
clutch nut and rotate the handle counter
clockwise approximately one turn.
Clockwise rotation engages the clutch.
switch or using the footswitch (if fitted).
3. Hold (press) the switch down to pay out
sufficient rope/chain rode to set the
anchor.
bow fitting.
!
CAUTION
ENSURE THAT THE HANDLE IS
REMOVED FROM THE CLUTCH
NUT BEFORE OPERATING UNDER
POWER.
9-5
455 Series
See your Skipper’s Kit for more information
on safe operation and service of the windlass.
1. Insert the PVC wand of the drain/fill
hose into a container of a small amount
(about 1/2 quart) of fresh oil.
Telephone Jack and Dockside
Receptacle
2. Release the fail-safe lock device on the
pump/motor unit valve handle and direct
the arrow-shaped tip to STARBOARD.
The telephone includes a waterproof telephone inlet plug located on the stbd transom. Telephone jacks are conveniently
located:
3. Flip the motor control switch to the FILL
position. The pump will start immediately
and you will observe the oil moving
through the clear plastic tubing toward
the pump/motor unit. You should hear a
noticeable change in sound (speed) of
the pump motor when the oil enters the
pump.
DRAINING USED OIL FROM THE
ENGINES
To ensure the oil maintains proper viscosity
during the removal process, it is recommended the operator run the engines long
enough to permit the engine block to
become warm - at least 140°F. Shut the
engines down and allow ample time for the
circulated oil to return to the oil pan.
m
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o
FWD Stateroom, port side TV cabinet
1.sFWarm engine to at least 140°F, then turn
m
Master Stateroom, port shelf
off.
er engine
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.
Salon, port aft
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Insert the PVC wand of the drain/fill
O
rfors 5 to 10For hose into a container suitable for waste
4. Continue to operate the pump
e
Oil Change System
s
s
i begins,
oil collection. (Remember, it is a legal
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seconds after pumpingu
action
e
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requirement to dispose of waste oil in a
SYSTEM START-UP PROCEDURES
n to
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then return the pump/motor
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responsible manner.)
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“OFF” and secure
the oil filler
cap.
When starting the system for the first time,
O
o
s
r
f iser
air will be in all of the lines. Operating the
3. Loosen the oil filler cap on the engine or
d
system without oil or lubricant will damage
e
remove the dip stick to allow air to enter
!ruCAUTION
d
a
the pump’s impeller. Although your
C
the crankcase.
. not move quickly
lo If oil does
pump/motor unit was tested prior to shipw
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w the clear tubing towards
4. Release the fail-safe lick device on the
through
ment, the amount of oil surrounding theow
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/
pump/motor unit valve handle and direct
the
pump,
turn
the
switch
to
the
D
impeller may not be sufficient to ensure
/
:
the arrow-shaped tip to PORT ENGINE.
p
“OFF” position, elevate the clear
proper starting lubrication and vacuum. Tott
tubing until it nears the entrance
avoid damage, the following procedure h
is
5. Flip the motor control switch to the
G
G
G
advised:
9-6
of the pump, then flip the switch to
the FILL position again. This will
lubricate the pump and ensure a
good starting vacuum.
Draining the Port Engine
DRAIN position. The pump will start
immediately. You should hear a noticeable change in the sound (speed) of the
pump motor when the used oil enters
the pump.
455 Series
6. Continue to operate the pump until there
is a noticeable change in the sound
(speed) of the pump motor, which is an
indication air is being drawn into the
crankcase oil hose and that the specified
crankcase is now empty. Oil is drained
at the rate of about one gallon each 22
seconds.
Draining the Generator
(Models 946D and 946DB only)
1. Repeat each of the steps outlined in
“Draining the Port Engine” after directing
the arrow-shaped tip on the valve handle
to the GENERATOR engine.
1. Repeat each of the steps outlined in
“Draining the Port Engine” after directing
the arrow-shaped tip on the valve handle
to the GENERATOR engine.
2. Treating the selector handle on the
externally mounted valve as a pointer,
point the tip of the handle toward the
hose barb connected to the generator.
m
u
r
o 3. Flip the motor control switch to the
7. Return the pump motor control switch to
F
s
the “OFF” position when crankcase is
3. Once the crankcase is emptied, return
m position.
er .coDRAIN
empty and place the fail-safe switch in
the pump motor control switch ton
the
w
m 4. Once the crankcase is emptied, return
the “OFF” position.
“OFF” position and place the
fail-safe
O
u
s
r
switch in the “OFF” position.
the pump motor control switch to the
er rsFo
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i
Draining the Starboard Engine
“OFF” position and place the fail-safe
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r
Draining
the
Generator
switch in the “OFF” position. Return the
n only)
C and 946DBT
1. Repeat each of the steps outlined in
w
externally mounted valve handle to
(Models
946DT
m
“Draining the Port Engine” after directing
O
o
s
r
“OFF” position.
f iser
the arrow-shaped tip on the valve handle
d
to the STARBOARD engine.
e
d
ru
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.
2. Flip the motor control switch to the lo
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n
DRAIN position.
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Do return
3. Once the crankcase is emptied,
/
:
p
the pump motor control switch ttotthe
“OFF” position and place thehfail-safe
2. Flip the motor control switch to the
DRAIN position.
switch in the “OFF” position.
CSR173-45
CSR173-46
455 Series
9-7
455 Series
Draining the Port and Starboard
Transmissions (Models 946DT and
946DBT only)
STARBOARD
TRANSMISSION
remove the dip stick from the transmission to allow air into the gear
box.
2. Flip the motor control to the DRAIN
position.
3. Once the transmission is emptied, return
the pump motor control switch to “OFF”
position and place the fail-safe switch in
the “OFF” position. Return the externally
mounted valve handle to “OFF” position.
3. Use one of two methods to determine
when the proper amount of oil has been
delivered to the engine.
a. Pre-measured Method – this method
requires the operator to set aside a
known quantity of oil prior to filling.
For example, if the engine requires
22 quarts of oil, the operator may
want to pump from a 5-gallon container, adding two (2) additional
quarts as the container empties.
m
u
r
o Timed Method – the timed method is
F
s
b.
Filling the Engines With Oil
er .used
om
when pumping from a containc
n
If you are using the system to fill the
w
unknown capacity, or a reserm ervoir.of The
O
u
engines for the first time, be sure you
have
s
r
flow of oil through the sysr
o
e
carefully followed the “Start-up”
instructions
F
s
tem
varies
primarily with the viscosity
s
i
r
u
at the beginning of this section.
and temperature of the oil. Under
r
ne
C
normal conditions (75°F to 85°F), the
w
m
1. Before attempting
to fill s
anO
engine, make
o
system pumps four quarts of 40
rengine has
r
f
certain the
been completely
e
weight oil (1 gallon) in approximately
d or is inuneed
s of a measured
i
e
drained
Repeat each of the steps outline in
90 seconds.
d
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amount
of
additional
oil.
DO
NOT
“Draining the Generator” after using the
.
lo OVERFILL!
w
handle on the externally mounted valve n
NOTE
w
w
as a pointer, point the tip of the handle
o /2./wDetermine the type and amount of oil
Models 946DB or 946DBT pump
toward the hose barb connectedD
to the
:
eight quarts (2 gallons) of 40 weight
recommended
by
the
manufacturer
for
p
PORT and STARBOARD respectively.tt
oil in approximately 90 seconds.
each engine. Remember, FOUR
h
Filling time is a function of several
QUARTS = ONE GALLON.
PORT
TRANSMISSION
CSR173-47
1.
NOTE
Vent the transmission if required.
Most transmissions are equipped
with a breather cap. If you are not
certain your transmission is
equipped with a breather cap,
9-8
factors, including the oil temperature
and weight. Oil (40 weight) at 85°F
pumps approximately 20% faster
than the same oil at 75°F. Fresh oil
should be 75°F or warmer before
pumping!
455 Series
Filling the Engines
1. Loosen the oil filler cap on the engine or
remove the dip stick to allow air to enter
the crankcase.
filled capacity and check the proper oil
level with the engine’s dip stick (or other
measuring device supplied with the
engine). If filling is completed, place the
fail-safe switch on the “OFF” position.
2. Insert the PVC wand of the drain/fill
hose into a container of fresh oil.
5.
NOTE
m
u
r
o
F
s
r com
e
n
.To operate, push the ON/OFF knob and the
Flip the pump motor control switch on
w
m
O
u indication light will illuminate. Move the conthe system to the “FILL” position. The
s
r
r
o
e
pump will start immediately and you will
F
Bow Thruster is
trol switch in the direction you wish to move
s
r
observe the oil moving through the clear
u
e
r
the bow. For example, to move the bow to
n
OPERATION C
tubing toward the pump/motor unit. You
w
port, move the switch to port. This will
m the standard
should hear a noticeable change in the
O
Cruisersouses
bow thruster
s
the bow thruster propeller and move
r
r series yacht. Operation engage
f on youris455
sound (speed) of the pump motor when
control
e
the boat to port. Turn off the bow thruster by
d
the oil enters the pump.
erequires both
engines running to keep the
u
d
pushing the ON/OFF switch. The indication
r
a
C
bow
thruster
batteries
charged.
.
Continue to operate the pump until alo
light will go out showing the bow thruster is
w
n
measured amount of oil has been
turned off.
w
battery for the bow thruster is located
ow //w The
pumped into the engine’sD
crankcase.
under the hatch in the FSR. There is also a
:
Fresh oil is pumped at the rate of p
about
ANNUAL MAINTENANCE
t
battery switch. The battery switch must be in
t
one (1) gallon each 90 seconds.
h
If marine growth is a problem in your area,
the “ON” position for the bow thruster to
3. Release the fail-safe lock device on the
pump/motor unit valve handle and direct
the arrow-shaped tip to PORT ENGINE.
4.
INDICATION
LIGHT
NOTE
Models 946DB or 946DBT pumps
fresh oil at a rate of two (2) gallons
per 90 seconds.
6. Flip the pump motor control switch to the
“OFF” position when the oil pan nears its
455 Series
If you have over-filled an engine,
you may simply flip the motor control switch to the DRAIN position for
a few seconds and remove the
excess.
operate.
ON / OFF
KNOB
CONTROL
SWITCH
CSR173-48
paint the propellers and gear housing with
an anti-fouling paint.
Change the zinc anodes once per boating
season or more frequently, if needed.
Always change zinc anode when approximately 40% of the anode is gone.
9-9
455 Series
Check oil level frequently. Oil level should be
at least one half full. Change oil every other
boating season or more often if desired.
Check the oil in the gear case at least once
per season.
Make sure electrical cables are well tightened and uncorroded.
Your vacuum is located under the cabin
entry stairs.
OPERATION
The vacuum motor is activated by inserting
the hose into the receptacle on the cleaner.
Attach accessories by pushing firmly on end
of hose or wand using a slight twisting
motion to ensure proper seal.
should be done every 6-8 months depending upon usage of unit. If filter become
excessively worn or torn it should be
replaced.
Replace Secondary Filter
Remove front door exposing bag compartment and secondary filter. Reach into cavity
an pull secondary filter down and out, tugging gently. Install new or replace cleaned
filter by inserting between wire clip and
motor plate in the left hand corner of bag
compartment. Replace door making sure it
is in proper position to seal compartment.
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SERVICE
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Check that the belt is well tightened and
Disposable Filter Bags
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installed properly.
To change disposable dust bag:
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Carpet Tool
2. Pull up and out onC
front door, removing
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and
exposing
bag
compartment.
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3. Remove
use bag s
from
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used on wet surfaces.
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replace
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o to ensure
DO NOT pick up hot ashes or
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correct
position and proper
cigarette butts.
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DO NOT operate this unit near
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flammable gases or liquids.
p: 4. Replace front door making sure seal is
t
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established and maximum vacuum is
DO NOT pick up water, damp h
Make sure the bolts holding the gear case
and electric motor are well tightened.
G
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CSR173-49
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materials or flammable powders.
G
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9-10
NEVER operate cleaner without
filter bag.
ALWAYS disconnect hose from
inlet before changing bag.
maintained.
Secondary Filter
It is important that this filter be kept clean to
obtain maximum power from your system.
Filter can be cleaned using a mild detergent
and allowed to air dry before replacing. This
This tool is specifically designed for use on
carpets. It will do the best job when it is
moved with both a forward and backward
motion over the same area. The carpet tool
should be held at an angle where it slides
easily over the carpet.
455 Series
Crevice Tool
Dusting Brush
Use it for doing all of
your dusting. This tool
has a replaceable
brush.
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ing.
CSR173-51
455 Series
Lightweight, flexible hose. Crush proof. It
springs back to original shape. DO NOT
store in an area where temperature exceeds
250°F.
9-11
455 Series
Initial Setting
(U.S. standard)
AM
FM
New Setting
(outside U.S.)
Frequency Spacing
10 kHz
9 kHz
Frequency Range
530 to 1,170 kHz
531 to 1,629 kHz
Frequency Spacing
200 kHz
50 kHz
Frequency Range
87.9 to 107.9 MHz
87.5 to 1,629 kHz
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Combination Fabric and Upholstery
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9-12
455 Series
Section 10 – Troubleshooting
TROUBLESHOOTING ....................... 10-2
Engine and Power Train ............... 10-2
Electrical ....................................... 10-5
Electrical Troubleshooting,
General Notes ............................ 10-6
Plumbing ...................................... 10-8
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455 Series
10-1
455 Series
Engine and Power Train
TROUBLESHOOTING
The following charts will assist you in finding
and correcting minor mechanical and electrical problems with your boat. Contact your
nearest authorized Cruisers Yachts dealer
for problems and procedures requiring the
skill of a trained service technician.
NOTE
For further troubleshooting information other than given here, refer to
the engine owner’s manual in the
Skipper’s Kit.
!
WARNING
Disconnect battery cables before
making checks or adjustments
around engine and electrical
components. Personal injury or
damage to the boat may occur.
To correct a problem, first determine what the
problem is. Then eliminate the simpler causes, working to the more complex causes.
PROBLEM
Engine will not start.
Low starter speed.
10-2
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POSSIBLE CAUSE
.
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Fuel valves are closed or fuel
Checkrfuel
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tank is empty.
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Contaminated fuel.
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tank and lines, flush with clean fuel and replace fuel filters.
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f iser See Cruisers Yachts Dealer for service.
d
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Loose wiring d
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bad key switch.
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switch if necessary.
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DC
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/are/ “OFF.”
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tt Stop has been
Caterpillar – Reset by pulling out on the red knobs by the
hEmergency
engaged.
instruments between the engines.
Weak or bad battery.
Have battery tested or charged.
455 Series
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Starter will not turn engine
crankshaft.
Lack of power.
Erratic engine speed.
Engine overheats.
Transmission shift hard.
SOLUTION
Corroded battery terminals.
Clean terminals.
Loose wiring connections.
Clean and tighten all wire connections.
Weak or discharged battery.
Charge battery.
Defective starting switch.
Contact authorized dealer for switch replacement.
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Throttle not fully open.
See authorized F
dealer
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Contaminated fuel.
Drain fuel
flush with clean fuel and replace
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fuel filters.
See Cruisers
Yachts
Dealer for service.
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Pinched or clogged fuel lines or er Replace line
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tank vent line.
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Contaminated fuel.
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Open seacock or remove obstruction.
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or
water
pick-up
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blocked.
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wor pinched water lines. Repair or replace water lines. See Cruisers Yachts Dealer
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Leaking
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for service.
t
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h Corroded or pinched linkage.
Replace or lubricate linkage as necessary. See Cruisers Yachts
Dealer for service.
Excessive vibration.
NOTE: Some vibration is normal
due to engine and prop action.
455 Series
Foreign objects obstructing the
propeller.
Remove objects from prop, shaft or rudder by reversing prop
or cutting and pulling away obstruction.
Bent prop or shaft.
Replace prop or shaft as necessary. Make sure prop is not
pulled off shaft center by the prop key. See Section 8.
10-3
455 Series
PROBLEM
Excessive vibration. (continued)
Poor performance.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
Engine and shaft are misaligned.
Check engine and shaft alignment. Alignment must be within
0.003". See Section 8.
Engine or transmission components touching a brace or some
part of the hull.
Check engine mounts and components for proper alignment.
See Section 8.
Flexible shaft log “whip” is excessive and strikes the shaft hole.
Check shaft log for wear and avoid sudden torque changes.
See Cruisers Yachts Dealer for service.
Engine not timed properly or
misfiring.
Have engine tuned-up by an authorized dealer.
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Bent rudder.
Replace rudder.nSee
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Worn strut, engine or transmisHave bearings
by authorized dealer as necessary.
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sion bearings.
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Engine-to-shaft couplings out-ofn
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round or off center.
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badly distributed.
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Run prop in reverse or cut and pull material from prop.
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/or use of wrong
Inspect propeller; replace as necessary. See Section 8.
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Boat hull has marine growth on
Clean or repair hull as necessary. See Section 8.
it or hull is damaged.
10-4
Excessive water in bilge.
Pump water out and inspect hull for leaks.
Engine is misaligned.
Have engine alignment checked by an authorized dealer.
455 Series
Electrical
!
NOTE
For any troubleshooting information
other than given here, refer to the
individual component owner’s manuals in the Skipper’s Kit.
CAUTION
Never reset a circuit breaker which
has been automatically tripped
without first locating and correcting the problem.
m
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PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
F
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Electrical component will not
Circuit breaker in the tripped or
If breaker e
is tripped, correct
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function.
“OFF” position.
turn w
circuit breaker
“ON.”
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Loose or broken wire connection.
e or repair wire as necessary. Install plug in outlet.
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Lights do not come on or are
Circuit breaker in the
tripped orOw If breaker is tripped, correct the problem and reset; otherwise
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“OFF” position.fr
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discharged
battery.
Charge battery.
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Loose
w wire connection. Connect or repair wire as necessary.
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Generator will not start.
Master battery switch in “OFF”
Turn switch “ON.”
htt position.
No power at AC outlets.
455 Series
Ground fault circuit interrupter
tripped.
Reset button on outlet and test. If reset button or light does
not come on, DO NOT use any outlets. Have circuit checked
by qualified technician.
10-5
455 Series
Electrical Troubleshooting,
General Notes
This owners manual is designed for owner
operation of the vessel. If it is necessary to
do detailed electrical troubleshooting, contact Cruisers Customer Service at 1-800743-3478 and request the necessary documentation, which could include schematics
and harness drawings.
DC SYSTEM
DC CIRCUIT BREAKERS
The DC system nominal voltage is +12
VDC. DC common is connected to the
engine/battery ground buss. The primary
problem involved in most troubleshooting
involves loss of power to the individual system. This can be caused because a circuit
breaker is tripped. These circuit breakers
can be identified and located in Section 4. If
a circuit breaker is tripped it can be reset. If
the circuit breaker trips immediately after
being reset it is an indication that the circuit
is overloaded. In this case it is necessary to
determine the cause of the fault and to
remove the cause of the fault before resetting the circuit breaker again. This determination should be done by a qualified service
technician.
There are three DC circuit breaker panels in
addition to the circuit breakers on the AC/DC
panel. One is located at the dash, in front of
the keypad. One is located adjacent to the
AC/DC panel. The third panel is located in
the engine room, on the forward bulkhead.
The circuit breakers on the panel are:
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BLOWER MAIN, BLOWERS 1, 2 AND 3,
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identifying wire functions for troubleshooting.
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Battery cables are identified by labels on
WIRING STANDARDS
DASH PANEL:
SPOT LIGHT, TRIM TABS,
12V RECEPTACLE AND GRAYHILL PANEL
both ends of each cable.
10-6
455 Series
KEYPAD FUNCTIONS
AC ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
The functions controlled from the keypad at
the dash panel receive their power via the
PME enclosures which are part of the
Grayhill system. The functions which are
controlled at the keypad are protected by
circuit breakers which are part of the PME
boxes. Each PME has the circuit breakers
and its functions identified by labels on the
PME box. If a function controlled from the
keypad is not working properly, check the
circuit breaker for that function on its corresponding PME. Refer to the DC schematic
pages in the manual to identify the corresponding PME for the function in question.
PME #1 is located in the engine room and
PME #2 is located below the AC/DC panel.
The standard AC power system is
120/240VAC, 60 hertz. This allows the system to have two lines, L1 and L2, at
120VAC and also 240VAC. The AC power is
controlled at the AC/DC panel. The boat
owner should restrict control of AC power to
the circuit breakers and switches on the
AC/DC panel.
Circuit breakers are clearly identified and
can be switched on and off. If a circuit
breaker is tripped, it can be reset. If it trips
again immediately it indicates an overload in
the circuit. The source of the overload must
be determined and corrected before the circuit breaker is reset for normal operation.
Contact the Customer Service Department
at Cruisers if electrical documentation is
needed. Refer to the manuals furnished in
the Skipper’s Kit for troubleshooting information covering individual components.
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455 Series
10-7
455 Series
Plumbing
!
NOTE
For any troubleshooting information
other than given here, refer to the
individual component owner’s manuals in the Skipper’s Kit.
PROBLEM
No water from cockpit washdown when turned on.
No water at showers or sinks
when faucets are turned on.
Low water pressure at all
showers and sinks.
Low water pressure at only
the shower or the sink.
10-8
CAUTION
Never reset a circuit breaker which
has been automatically tripped
without first locating and correcting the problem.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
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WASHDOWN PUMP circuit
If breaker is tripped,
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. breaker “ON.”
breaker tripped or “OFF.”
and reset; otherwise
circuit
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Washdown switch “OFF.”
Flip switch
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Clean
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If breaker is tripped, correct the problem and reset.
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Have pump serviced by authorized dealer.
t is defective.
hWater
system has lost its charge.
Check for leaks in water system or air leaks in accumulator.
Seacock closed.
Open washdown seacock.
See Cruisers Yachts Dealer for service.
Weak or worn pump.
Have pump serviced by authorized dealer.
Restriction or obstruction in
water line.
Clean, repair, or remove obstruction from water line.
455 Series
PROBLEM
Shower sump overflows.
Head will not flush.
Head will not empty.
455 Series
POSSIBLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
SUMP PUMP circuit breaker in
the tripped or “OFF” position.
If the breaker is tripped, correct the problem and reset; otherwise
turn circuit breaker “ON.”
Discharge lines blocked or
pinched.
Remove obstruction or straighten line.
Pump or automatic switch is
defective.
Have pump or switch serviced by authorized dealer.
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HEAD PUMP circuit breaker in
If breaker is tripped,
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the tripped or “OFF” position.
turn circuit
“ON.”
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Low battery charge.
Charge
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Flush water seacock not open.
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Inlet pedal valve not working.
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“Y” valve not open
or line tor
Open “Y” valve or remove obstruction.
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10-9
455 Series
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10-10
455 Series
A DIVISION OF KCS INTERNATIONAL, INC. LIMITED WARRANTY
REGISTRATION OF PURCHASE: The "Federal Boat Safety Act
of 1971" requires all boat manufacturers to maintain a record of
all first retail purchasers and their current address for the purpose
of notification in case of defective parts or equipment, or in case
of non-compliance with standards or regulations set forth by this
act. Failure to complete and return your factory warranty card for
our records will waive your right to notification of defect and/or
repair at manufacturer’s expense. THIS LIMITED WARRANTY
CAN BE ACTIVATED ONLY BY SUBMITTING THE "LIMITED
WARRANTY REGISTRATION CARD" TO CRUISERS YACHTS
WITHIN THIRTY (30) DAYS OF THE DATE OF PURCHASE.
REMEDY:
Within a reasonable time after notification,
CRUISERS YACHTS will repair any defect in materials or
workmanship or at its option, correct such defect by replacing
nonconforming goods or parts. Such repair and/or new parts are
warranted for the unexpired portion of the original warranty, or for
90 days, whichever is longer. Warranty work (parts and/or labor)
shall be at CRUISERS YACHTS expense. These remedies are
the Consumers exclusive remedies for breach of warranty.
(11) Cruisers Yachts shall not be effective or actionable if any
repair or replacement work is performed by any unauthorized
party. (12) Boats manufactured with Cruisers Yachts applied
ablative bottom paint does require re-coating based on the region
your boat is operated in. Re-coating is a responsibility of the owner.
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WARRANTY COVERAGE: CRUISERS YACHTS, a division
of KCS INTERNATIONAL, INC., warrants to you, Consumer,
subject to the limitations and exclusions described below, that
those parts of the new boat manufactured by CRUISERS
YACHTS, and purchased from an authorized Cruisers Yachts
dealer, are free from defects in material and workmanship under
normal use and service. The duration of this warranty is as follows: (1) The structural sections of the hull and deck for a period
of 5 years beginning the date of delivery to the first consumer.
(2) As the other parts and components manufactured by
CRUISERS YACHTS for a period of 1 year beginning the date of
delivery (except for exclusions listed below). (3) CRUISERS
YACHTS warrants the gelcoat finish below the waterline against
blistering for a period of (3) three years from the date of sale,
provided that the boat is maintained annually and records are
forwarded to the Cruisers Yachts Service Department annually.
WARRANTY CLAIM PROCEDURES: If a defect is discovered
during the applicable warranty period, Consumer must promptly
notify the selling dealer (or CRUISERS YACHTS) of such in
writing. In no event shall such notification be received by the
dealer (or CRUISERS YACHTS) later than 30 days of the
discovery of the defect. All warranty claims must first be made to
the dealer from whom the boat was purchased. The dealer will
contact CRUISERS YACHTS, who at that time will determine
whether the defect is covered by this limited warranty and advise
the dealer. For warranty service the boat must be returned to the
selling dealer or if determined by CRUISERS YACHTS to our
factory. A boat may not be returned to the factory unless prior
written authorization, in accordance with instructions set forth in
CRUISERS YACHTS return authorization, from CRUISERS
YACHTS SERVICE MANAGER. Transportation, preparation,
disassembly and reassembly cost to and from the dealer or
CRUISERS YACHTS will be the responsibility of the owner.
LIMITATION AND EXCLUSIONS: This warranty applies only if
the boat is used under noncommercial normal use and service,
and shall not apply to the following: (1) Boats subjected to
negligence, abuse, misuse, or accident. (2) Boats subjected
to improper operation, trailering, maintenance or storage,
commercial use or use for purposes other than those for which
the boat was designed. (3) Defects or damages caused by a
force or impact which exceeds design specifications, including
but not limited to, exposure to harmful solvents and electrolysis.
(4) Defects or damages caused by unauthorized attachments
or modifications. (5) Any statements, representations or
warranties given by dealers or third persons other than those
provided within this warranty. (6) Any unit which is part of a
rental fleet, used for racing or commercial purposes.
(7) The following consequential damages: (a) loss of time,
(b) inconvenience, (c) towing charges, (d) expenses for travel,
lodging, telephone and fuel, (e) loss or damage to personal
property or loss of revenue, (f) loss of use of the boat, (g) haul
out, launch, lift charges. (8) This warranty specifically does not
apply to engines, stern drives, IPS, transmission, generators,
propellers, improper adjustment of controls, adjustment or
realignment to any components including, but not limited to the
drive train, and any other parts expressly warranted by the
manufacturer thereof. (9) Also excluded are gelcoat crazing,
gelcoat stress cracks, gelcoat fading, stainless steel hardware,
windshields, glass breakage, all vinyl upholstery, cockpit seat
wood, acrylic top enclosures, carpet, electronics, light bulbs,
gauges and other equipment or accessories manufactured by
manufacturers other than Cruisers Yachts, which are separately
warranted by such other manufacturers (appropriate adjustments
therefore being provided by their respective manufacturers).
(10) Any published or announced catalog or performance
characteristic of speed, fuel and oil consumptions and static or
dynamic attitude in the water.
Copyright © 2006 Cruisers Yachts. All Rights Reserved.
THE FOREGOING WARRANTIES ARE EXCLUSIVE AND
IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER EXPRESSED WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT ABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, DO NOT EXTEND BEYOND THE
DURATION OF THE EXPRESS WARRANTIES PROVIDED
HEREIN.
IN NO CASE SHALL CRUISERS YACHTS BE LIABLE FOR
ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES BASED UPON BREACH OF WARRANTY, BREACH
OF CONTRACT, STRICT TORT, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL
THEORY. THIS LIMITATION DOES NOT APPLY TO CLAIMS
FOR PERSONAL INJURY.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION AS
LIMITATION OR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES OR LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED
WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS OR
EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
TRANSFERABILITY: All rights and terms of this limited
warranty may be transferred to new owners of the covered
product by completing a TRANSFER OF WARRANTY FORM
and submitting a written request to Cruisers Yachts and
accompanied by a $150.00 payment to Cruisers Yachts.
THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS
AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH MAY
VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
CRUISERS YACHTS reserves the right to improve its products
through changes in design and/or material without being obligated
to owners of boats of similar or the same model prior manufacture.
CRUISERS YACHTS, a division of KCS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
804 Pecor Street, Oconto, WI 54153 USA
Phone (920) 834-2211 – Fax (920) 834-4292
e-mail: service@cruisersyachts.com
Cruiser 455 O/M Covers
9/3/03
5:28 AM
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Cruisers Yachts Division of KCS International Inc.
804 Pecor Street, Oconto, WI 54153
Phone 920-834-2211
Fax 920-834-2797
Internet http://www.cruisersyachts.com
e-mail: service@cruisersyachts.com
Printed in U.S.A.