Carrier 50JX Instruction manual

50JX024-060
Single-Package Heat Pump Units
Visit www.carrier.com
Installation, Start-Up and Service Instructions
NOTE: Read the entire instruction manual before starting the
installation.
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Index
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS ...............................................1-2
General .................................................................................2
RECEIVING AND INSTALLATION..................................2-15
Check Equipment......................................................................2-3
Identify Unit..............................................................................2
Inspect Shipment ...................................................................2-3
Provide Unit Support ................................................................. 3
Roof Curb ..............................................................................3-5
Slab Mount................................................................................5
Ground Mount...........................................................................5
Provide Clearances.......................................................................5
Rig and Place Unit .......................................................................5
Select and Install Ductwork ....................................................5-6
Converting Horizontal Discharge Units to Downflow (Vertical)
Discharge ........................................................................................6
Provide for Condensate Disposal ............................................6-7
Install Electrical Connections..................................................7-8
High-Voltage Connections........................................................8
Routing Power Leads Into Unit ...............................................8
Connecting Ground Lead to Ground Lug................................8
Special Procedures for 208-V Operation .................................8
PRE-START-UP......................................................................8-13
START-UP.............................................................................14-17
Check for Refrigerant Leaks ..................................................14
Unit Start-Up Adjustment .................................................14-17
MAINTENANCE ..................................................................18-19
SYSTEM INFORMATION.......................................................19
Time Delay Relay...................................................................19
Pressure Switches....................................................................19
Defrost Thermostat .................................................................19
TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................................20-21
START-UP CHECKLIST .........................................................22
NOTE TO INSTALLER — READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS
CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY before installing this unit.
Also, make sure the Owner’s Manual and Service Instructions are
left with the unit after installation.
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Installation and servicing of air-conditioning equipment can be
hazardous due to system pressure and electrical components. Only
trained and qualified personnel should install, repair, or service
air-conditioning equipment.
Untrained personnel can perform basic maintenance functions of
cleaning coils and filters. All other operations should be performed
by trained service personnel. When working on air-conditioning
equipment, observe precautions in the literature, tags and labels
attached to the unit, and other safety precautions that may apply.
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses and work gloves. Use
quenching cloth for unbrazing operations. Have fire extinguisher
available for all brazing operations.
C99001
Fig. 1—50JX
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, maintenance, or use can cause explosion, fire, electric shock, or
other occurrences, which could cause serious injury or death
or damage your property. Consult a qualified installer or
service agency for information or assistance. The qualified
installer or agency must use only factory-authorized kits or
accessories when modifying this product.
Recognize safety information. This is the safety-alert symbol .
When you see this symbol on the product or in instructions or
manuals, be alert to the potential for personal injury.
Understand the signal words — DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION, and NOTE. Danger identifies the most serious hazards,
which will result in severe personal injury or death. Warning
indicates a condition that could cause serious personal injury or
death. Caution is used to identify unsafe practices, which would
result in minor personal injury or product and property damage.
NOTE is used to highlight suggestions which will result in
enhanced installation, reliability or operation.
1. The power supply (volts, phase, and hertz) must correspond to
that specified on unit rating plate.
2. The electrical supply provided by the utility must be sufficient
to handle load imposed by this unit.
3. This installation must conform with local building codes and
with NEC (National Electrical Code). Refer to provincial and
local plumbing or waste water codes and other applicable local
codes.
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 1 4
PC 101
Catalog No. 565-057
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 50JX-1SI
Pg 1
2-00
Replaces: New
Tab 5a 5a
REQUIRED CLEARANCE TO COMBUSTIBLE MATL.
REQUIRED CLEARANCE FOR OPERATION AND SERVICING
INCHES [mm]
TOP OF UNIT...................................................................................14.00 [355.6]
DUCT SIDE OF UNIT.........................................................................2.00 [50.8]
SIDE OPPOSITE DUCTS ................................................................14.00 [355.6]
BOTTOM OF UNIT .............................................................................0.50 [12.7]
ELECTRIC HEAT PANEL .................................................................36.00 [914.4]
INCHES [mm]
EVAP. COIL ACCESS SIDE............................................................36.00 [914.0]
POWER ENTRY SIDE....................................................................42.00 [1066.8]
(EXCEPT FOR NEC REQUIREMENTS)
UNIT TOP .......................................................................................48.00 [1219.2]
SIDE OPPOSITE DUCTS ..............................................................36.00 [914.0]
DUCT PANEL .................................................................................12.00 [304.8] *
NEC. REQUIRED CLEARANCES.
*MINIMUM DISTANCES: IF UNIT IS PLACED LESS THAN 304.8 [12.00] FROM
WALL SYSTEM, THEN SYSTEM PERFORMANCE MAYBE COMPROMISE.
INCHES [mm]
BETWEEN UNITS, POWER ENTRY SIDE ....................................42.00 [1066.8]
UNIT AND UNGROUNDED SURFACES, POWER ENTRY SIDE .36.00 [914.0]
UNIT AND BLOCK OR CONCRETE WALLS AND OTHER
GROUNDED SURFACES, POWER ENTRY SIDE.........................42.00 [1066.8]
C99007
CENTER OF GRAVITY
IN. [MM]
kg
UNIT HEIGHT
IN. [MM]
"A"
X
Y
Z
135.6
41.02 [1041.9]
19.0 [482.6]
18.3 [463.6]
16.0 [406.4]
320
145.2
37.02 [940.3]
508 [20.0]
489.0 [19.3]
17.6 [447.0]
328
148.8
37.02 [940.3]
20.0 [508]
19.0 [482.6
16.5 [419.1]
UNIT WEIGHT
UNIT
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
lb
50JX024
208/230-1-60
299
50JX030
208/230-1-60,208/230-3-60
50JX036
208/230-1-60,208/230-3-60, 460-3-60
Fig. 2—50JX024-036 Unit Dimensions
RECEIVING AND INSTALLATION
Step 1—Check Equipment
Before performing service or maintenance operations on
system, turn off main power to unit. Turn off accessory heater
power switch if applicable. Electrical shock could cause
severe injury or death.
IDENTIFY UNIT — The unit model number and serial number
are stamped on the unit identification plate. Check this information
against shipping papers.
INSPECT SHIPMENT — Inspect for shipping damage while unit
is still on shipping pallet. If unit appears to be damaged or is torn
loose from its anchorage, have it examined by transportation
inspectors before removal. Forward claim papers directly to
transportation company. Manufacturer is not responsible for any
damage incurred in transit. Check all items against shipping list.
Step 1—General
The 50JX heat pump is fully self-contained and designed for
outdoor installation. See Fig. 1. Standard units are shipped in a
horizontal-discharge configuration for installation on a groundlevel slab. Standard units can be converted to downflow (vertical)
discharge configurations for rooftop applications.
2
REQUIRED CLEARANCE TO COMBUSTIBLE MATL.
REQUIRED CLEARANCE FOR OPERATION AND SERVICING
INCHES [mm]
TOP OF UNIT...................................................................................14.00 [355.6]
DUCT SIDE OF UNIT.........................................................................2.00 [50.8]
SIDE OPPOSITE DUCTS ................................................................14.00 [355.6]
BOTTOM OF UNIT .............................................................................0.50 [12.7]
ELECTRIC HEAT PANEL .................................................................36.00 [914.4]
INCHES [mm]
EVAP. COIL ACCESS SIDE............................................................36.00 [914.0]
POWER ENTRY SIDE....................................................................36.00 [914.0]
(EXCEPT FOR NEC REQUIREMENTS)
UNIT TOP .......................................................................................48.00 [1219.2]
SIDE OPPOSITE DUCTS ..............................................................36.00 [914.0]
DUCT PANEL .................................................................................12.00 [304.8] *
NEC. REQUIRED CLEARANCES.
*MINIMUM DISTANCES: IF UNIT IS PLACED LESS THAN 304.8 [12.00] FROM
WALL SYSTEM, THEN SYSTEM PERFORMANCE MAYBE COMPROMISE.
INCHES [mm]
BETWEEN UNITS, POWER ENTRY SIDE ....................................42.00 [1066.8]
UNIT AND UNGROUNDED SURFACES, POWER ENTRY SIDE .36.00 [914.0]
UNIT AND BLOCK OR CONCRETE WALLS AND OTHER
GROUNDED SURFACES, POWER ENTRY SIDE.........................42.00 [1066.8]
C99006
CENTER OF GRAVITY
IN. [MM]
kg
UNIT HEIGHT
IN. [MM]
"A"
X
Y
Z
158.8
40.98 [1040.9]
21.0 [533.4]
20.5 [520.7]
16.6 [421.6]
355
161.0
40.98 [1040.9]
20.0 [508.0]
21.3 [539.8]
18.0 [457.2]
428
194.1
42.98 [1091.7]
21.0 [533.4]
20.0 [508.0]
176 [447.0]
UNIT WEIGHT
UNIT
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
lb
50JX042
208-230-1-60, 208/230-3-60, 460-3-60
350
50JX048
208/230-1-60, 208/230-3-60, 460-3-60
50JX060
208/230-1-60, 208/230-3-60, 460-3-60
Fig. 3—50JX 042-060 Unit Dimensions
IMPORTANT: The gasketing of the unit to the roof curb is critical
for a watertight seal. Install gasketing material supplied with the
roof curb. Improperly applied gasketing also can result in air leaks
and poor unit performance.
Curb should be level to within ¼ inch (Fig. 5). This is necessary
for unit drain to function properly. Refer to accessory roof curb
installation instructions for additional information as required.
Immediately notify the nearest Carrier Air Conditioning office if
any item is missing. To prevent loss or damage, leave all parts in
original packages until installation.
Step 2—Provide Unit Support
ROOF CURB — Install accessory roof curb in accordance with
instructions shipped with curb. See Fig. 4. Install insulation, cant
strips, roofing, and flashing. Ductwork must be attached to curb.
3
Supply opening C
(11" x 16 1/2"-clear)
D
B
44 5/16"
Long
Support
11" Typ.
17 3/8"
A
Short
Support
Long
Support
Side
Insulated
deck pan
End
Return opening
(11" X 16 1/2"-clear)
0" 0"
13"*
28 3/4"
HVAC unit
base
44 5/16"
13"*
Roof opening for
supply duct
0"
Roof opening for
return duct
Gasketing
inner flange*
*Gasketing
outer flange
Wood nailer*
Outline of
roofcurb
Flashing field
supplied
*Roof opening dimensions shown are
for standard ductwork. If concentric duct
is used, adjust per manufacturers
instructions.
Roofcurb*
Insulation (field
supplied)
Roofing material
field supplied
Roof Opening Detail
Duct work
field supplied
Cant strip
field supplied
Flashing Detail
Roof
*Provided with roofcurb
R/A
NOTES:
1. Roof curb must be setup for unit being installed.
2. Seal strip (gasket) must be applied as required.
3. Dimensions are in inches.
4. Attach ductwork to flanges of the curb.
5. R/A = Return Air & S/A = Supply Air
S/A
Gasket around
duct
Insulated
desk pan
Gasket outer
flange
Gasket inner
flange
C99098
PART NUMBER
A
IN. [MM]
B
IN. [MM]
024-036
CPRFCURB007A00
14 [356]
11-27/32 [301]
30-5/8 [778]
28-3/4 [730]
042-060
CPRFCURB009A00
14 [356]
15-27/32 [402]
42-1/8 [1070]
40-1/4 [1022]
UNIT SIZE
C
IN. [MM]
D
IN. [MM]
50JX
Roof Curb
Fig. 4—Roof Curb Dimensions
NOTES:
1. Roof curb must be set up for unit being installed.
2. Seal strip must be applied as required to unit being installed.
3. Dimensions in [ ] are in millimeters.
4. Roof curb is made of 16 gage steel.
5. Table lists only the dimensions per part number that have changed.
6. Attach ductwork to curb (flanges of duct rest on curb).
7. Insulated panels: 1-in. thick fiberglass 1 lb density.
4
When working with this equipment, observe precautions in the
literature, on tags, stickers and labels attached to the equipment,
and any other safety precautions that might apply.
A
Follow all applicable safety codes. Wear safety shoes and work
gloves.
C
INSPECTION — Prior to initial use, and at monthly intervals, all
rigging brackets and straps should be visually inspected for any
damage, evidence of wear, structural deformation, or cracks.
Particular attention should be paid to excessive wear at hoist
hooking points and load support areas. Brackets or straps showing
any kind of wear in these areas must not be used and should be
discarded.
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE
DIFFERENCE (in.)
B
A-B
B-C
A-C
1/4
1/4
1/4
C99065
Fig.5—Unit Leveling Tolerances
INSTALLATION
SLAB MOUNT — Place the unit on a solid, level concrete pad
that is a minimum of 4 in. thick with 2 in. above grade (Fig. 6). The
slab should extend approximately 2 in. beyond the casing on all 4
sides of the unit. Do not secure the unit to the slab except when
required by local codes.
1. Remove unit from shipping carton. Leave top shipping skid on
the unit as a spreader bar to prevent the rigging straps from
damaging the unit. If the wood skid is not available, use a
spreader bar of sufficient length to protect unit from damage.
2. Position the lifting bracket assembly around the base of the
unit. Be sure the strap does not twist.
OPTIONAL
RETURN
AIR
OPENING
3. Place each of the 4 metal lifting brackets into the handholds in
the composite pan.
OPTIONAL
SUPPLY
AIR
OPENING
4. Thread lifting bracket strapping around bottom perimeter of
unit as follows:
a. Open lever of tension buckle (ratchet type).
b. Feed strapping through tension buckle as shown in Fig. 7.
2"
EVAP. COIL
c. Pull strapping through tension buckle unit taut.
COND. COIL
d. Snap lever down to lock strap in tension buckle. To release
strapping, squeeze safety latch, lift lever, and pull webbing
outward.
C99096
Fig. 6—Slab Mounting Detail
GROUND MOUNT — The unit may be installed either on a slab
or placed directly on the ground if local codes permit. Place the
unit on level ground prepared with gravel for condensate discharge.
HANDHOLD
Step 3—Provide Clearances
The required minimum service clearances are shown in Figs. 2 and
3. Adequate ventilation and outdoor air must be provided. The
outdoor fan draws air through the outdoor coil and discharges it
through the top fan grill. Be sure that the fan discharge does not
recirculate to the outdoor coil. Do not locate the unit in either a
corner or under an overhead obstruction. The minimum clearance
under a partial overhang (such as a normal house overhang) is 48
in. above the unit top. The maximum horizontal extension of a
partial over-hang must not exceed 48 inches. For extended
overhangs, provide a minimum clearance of 36 inches.
HOOK
FEED
C99067
Fig. 7—Threading Belt
5. Tighten the tension buckle until it is taut. Lifting brackets
must be secure in the handholds.
6. Attach field-supplied clevis or hook of sufficient strength to
hole in the lifting bracket. See Fig. 8.
IMPORTANT: Do not restrict outdoor airflow. An air restriction
at either the outdoor-air inlet or the fan discharge may be
detrimental to compressor life.
7. Attach the 2 safety straps directly to the clevis or hook at the
4 rigging brackets. DO NOT attach the safety straps to the
lifting brackets. See Fig. 8.
Do not place the unit where water, ice, or snow from an overhang
or roof will damage or flood the unit. Do not install the unit on
carpeting, tile, or other combustible materials. Slab-mounted units
should be at least 4 in. above the highest expected water and runoff
levels. Do not use unit if it has been under water.
8. Position lifting point directly over the unit’s center of gravity.
9. Lift unit. When unit is directly over the roof curb, remove the
2 safety straps. Lower the equipment onto the roof curb.
Step 4—Rig and Place Unit
Step 5—Select and Install Ductwork
Rigging and handling of this equipment can be hazardous for many
reasons due to the installation location (roofs, elevated structures,
etc.)
The design and installation of the duct system must be in
accordance with the standards of the NFPA for installation of
non-residence type air conditioning and ventilating systems, NFPA
90A or residence-type, NFPA 90B and/or local codes and ordinances.
Only trained, qualified crane operators and ground support staff
should handle and install this equipment.
5
3. Size ductwork for cooling air quantity (cfm). The minimum
air quantity for proper electric heater operation is listed in
Table 2. Heater limit switches may trip at air quantities below
those recommended.
914-137"
(36"-54")
“A”
Table 2—Minimum Airflow for Reliable Electric
Heater Operation 50JX (Cfm)
“B”
SIZE
024
030
036
042
048
060
AIRFLOW (CFM)
800
1000*
1200
1400
1600
2000
*conjunction with 15 KW electric heat accessory
DETAIL A
SCALE 0.250
INDOOR
THERMOSTAT
TIGHTEN STRAPPING SECURELY
WITH TENSION BUCKLE
RETURN
AIR
INSTALL SAFETY STRAPS TO
RIGGING CLEVIS AT 4 RIGGING BRACKETS
SEE DETAIL A
PLACE RIGGING BRACKET ASSEMBLY IN 4
HAND HOLES AND INSTALL TIE DOWN STRAP
AROUND PERIMETER OF UNIT AND THROUGH
SPACE IN BRACKET ASSEMBLY
TOP COVER
FROM
POWER
SOURCE
C99075
DISCONNECT
PER NEC
UNIT 50JX
MAXIMUM WEIGHT
A
B
Size
lb.
kg.
in.
mm.
in.
mm.
024
321
145.6
19.0
482.6
18.25
463.6
030
342
155.2
20.0
508
19.25
489
036
350
158.8
20.0
508
19.0
482.6
042
372
168.8
21.0
533.4
20.5
520.7
048
377
171.0
20.0
508
21.25
539.8
060
450
204.2
21.0
533.4
20.0
508.0
C99061
Fig. 9—Typical Installation
1. Seal, insulate and weatherproof all external ductwork. Seal,
insulate and cover with a vapor barrier all ductwork passing
through conditioned spaces. Follow latest Sheet Metal and Air
Conditioning Contractors National Association (SMACNA)
and Air Conditioning Contractors Association (ACCA) minimum installation standards for residential heating and air
conditioning systems.
Fig. 8—Suggested Rigging
Select and size ductwork, supply-air registers, and return air grilles
according to ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers) recommendations.
2. Secure all ducts to building structure. Flash,weatherproof, and
vibration-isolate duct openings in wall or roof according to
good construction practices.
The unit has duct flanges on the supply- and return-air openings on
the side of the unit.
CONVERTING HORIZONTAL DISCHARGE UNITS TO
DOWNFLOW (VERTICAL) DISCHARGE UNITS
When designing and installing ductwork, consider the following:
Before performing service or maintenance operations on
system, turn off main power to unit. Turn off accessory heater
power switch if applicable. Electrical shock could cause
serious injury or death.
For vertical supply and return units, tools or parts could drop
into ductwork and cause serious injury or death. Install a 90
degree turn in the return ductwork between the unit and the
conditioned space. If a 90 degree elbow cannot be installed,
then a grille of sufficient strength and density should be
installed to prevent objects from falling into the conditioned
space. Units with electric heaters require 90 degree elbow in
supply duct.
1. Open all electrical disconnects before starting any service
work.
2. Use a screwdriver and hammer to remove the panels in the
bottom of the base pan.
NOTE: Note: these panels are held in place with tabs similar to an
electrical knockout.
1. All units should have field-supplied filters or accessory filter
rack installed in the return-air side of the unit. Recommended
sizes for filters are shown in Table 1.
3. Install the accessory side duct covers (Fig. 10) to block off the
horizontal air openings.
2. Avoid abrupt duct size increases and reductions. Abrupt
change in duct size adversely affects air performance.
NOTE: Avoid abrupt duct size increases and reductions. Abrupt
change in duct size adversely affects air performance.
IMPORTANT: Use flexible connectors between duct-work and
unit to prevent transmission of vibration. Use suitable gaskets to
ensure weather tight and airtight seal. When electric heat is
installed, use fireproof canvas (or similar heat resistant material)
connector between ductwork and unit discharge connection. If
flexible duct is used, insert a sheet metal sleeve inside duct. Heat
resistant duct connector (or sheet metal sleeve) must extend 24-in.
from electric heater element.
Step 6—Provide for Condensate Disposal
NOTE: Ensure that condensate-water disposal methods comply
with local codes, restrictions, and practices.
The 50JX units dispose of condensate through a ¾ -in. NPT female
fitting that exits on the compressor end of the unit. Condensate
water can be drained directly onto the roof in rooftop installations
6
Table 1—Physical Data—Unit 50JX
UNIT SIZE
024
030
036
042
048
NOMINAL CAPACITY (ton)
2
2 1/2
3
3-1/2
4
5
OPERATING WEIGHT (lb)
299
320
328
350
355
420
COMPRESSOR QUANTITY
1
1
1
1
1
1
TYPE
060
SCROLL COMPRESSOR
REFRIGERANT*
R-22
REFRIGERANT METERING DEVICE
Accurater ®
Refrigerant (R-22) Quantity (lb.)
5.5
6.4
7.0
10.8
10.4
11.3
ORIFICE ID (in.)
0.065
0.073
0.076
0.080
0.088
0.0.96
ORIFICE OD (in.)
0.055
0.065
0.067
2@0.052
2@0.057
2@0.061
OUTDOOR COIL
Rows...Fins/in.
Face Area (sq ft)
1...17
14.6
2...17
10.9
2...17
10.9
2...17
14.4
2...17
14.4
2...17
16.4
OUTDOOR FAN
Nominal Airflow (CFM)
Diameter
Motor HP (RPM)
2350
22
1/8 (825)
2350
22
1/8 (825)
2800
22
1/4 (1100)
2800
22
1/8 (825)
3300
22
1/4 (1100)
3300
22
1/4 (1100)
INDOOR COIL
Rows...Fins/in.
Face Area (Sq Ft)
3...15
3.7
3...15
3.7
4...15
3.7
4..15
4.7
4...15
4.7
4...15
5.7
INDOOR BLOWER
Nominal Airflow (CFM)
Size (in.)
Motor (HP)
800
10x10
1/4
1000
11x10
1/4
1200
11x10
1/2
1400
11x10
3/4
1600
11x10
3/4
2000
11x10
1
RETURN-AIR FILTERS (in.)**
Throwaway
20x20
20x20
20x24
24x30
24x30
24x30
* Required filter sizes shown are based on the larger of the ARI (Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute) rated cooling airflow or the heating airflow velocity of 300
ft/min for throwaway type or 450 ft/min for high-capacity type. Air filter pressure drop for non-standard filters must not exceed 0.08 in. wg.
slope of at least 1 inch every 10 ft of horizontal run. Be sure to
check the drain trough for leaks. Prime the trap at the beginning of
the cooling season start-up.
1” MIN.
TRAP
OUTLET
2” MIN.
C99013
Fig. 11—Condensate Trap
Step 7—Install Electrical Connections
The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted, unbroken
electrical ground to minimize the possibility of personal
injury if an electrical fault should occur. This ground may
consist of an electrical wire connected to the unit ground lug
in the control compartment, or conduit approved for electrical
ground when installed in accordance with NEC, ANSI/NFPA
American National Standards Institute/National Fire Protection Association (latest edition) (in Canada, Canadian Electrical Code CSA C22.1) and local electrical codes. Failure to
adhere to this warning could result in serious injury or death.
Accessory Duct Covers
C99030
Fig. 10—50JX with Accessory Duct Covers On
(where permitted) or onto a gravel apron in ground level installations. Install a field-supplied condensate trap at end of condensate
connection to ensure proper drainage. Make sure that the outlet of
the trap is at least 1 in. lower than the drain-pan condensate
connection to prevent the pan from overflowing. Prime the trap
with water. When using a gravel apron, make sure it slopes away
from the unit.
If the installation requires draining the condensate water away
from the unit, install a field-supplied 2-in. trap at the condensate
connection to ensure proper drainage. Condensate trap is available
as an accessory or is field-supplied. Make sure that the outlet of the
trap is at least 1 in. lower than the unit drain-pan condensate
connection to prevent the pan from overflowing. Connect a drain
trough using a minimum of field-supplied ¾ -in. PVC or fieldsupplied ¾ -in. copper pipe at outlet end of the 2-in. trap (Fig. 11).
Do not undersize the tube. Pitch the drain trough downward at a
7
SPECIAL PROCEDURES FOR 208-V OPERATION
1. Disconnect the yellow primary lead (w110) from the transformer. See unit wiring label (Fig. 12 and 13).
Failure to follow these precautions could result in damage to
the unit being installed:
1. Make all electrical connections in accordance with NEC
ANSI/NFPA (latest edition) and local electrical codes
governing such wiring. In Canada, all electrical connections must be in accordance with CSA standard C22.1
Canadian Electrical Code Part 1 and applicable local
codes. Refer to unit wiring diagram.
2. Use only copper conductor for connections between
field-supplied electrical disconnect switch and unit. DO
NOT USE ALUMINUM WIRE.
3. Be sure that high-voltage power to unit is within operating
voltage range indicated on unit rating plate. On 3-phase
units, ensure phases are balanced within 2%. Consult local
power company for correction of improper voltage and/or
phase imbalance.
4. Insulate low-voltage wires for highest voltage contained
within conduit when low-voltage control wires are in same
conduit as high-voltage wires.
5. Do not damage internal components when drilling through
any panel to mount electrical hardware, conduit, etc.
2. Connect the yellow primary lead (w110) to the transformer
terminal labeled 200v.
Indoor blower-motor speeds may need to be changed for 208-v
operation. Refer to indoor airflow and airflow adjustments section.
PRE-START-UP
Failure to observe the following warnings could result in
serious personal injury or death:
1. Follow recognized safety practices and wear protective
goggles when checking or servicing refrigerant system.
2. Do not operate compressor or provide any electric power to
unit unless compressor terminal cover is in place and
secured.
3. Do not remove compressor terminal cover until all electrical sources are disconnected.
4. Relieve and recover all refrigerant from system before
touching or disturbing anything inside terminal box if
refrigerant leak is suspected around compressor terminals.
5. Never attempt to repair soldered connection while refrigerant system is under pressure.
6. Do not use torch to remove any component. System
contains oil and refrigerant under pressure. To remove a
component, wear protective goggles and proceed as follows:
a. Shut off electrical power to unit.
b. Relieve and reclaim all refrigerant from system using
both high- and low-pressure ports.
c. Cut component connecting tubing with tubing cutter and
remove component from unit.
d. Carefully unsweat remaining tubing stubs when necessary. Oil can ignite when exposed to torch flame.
HIGH-VOLTAGE CONNECTIONS — The unit must have a
separate electrical service with a field-supplied, waterproof disconnect switch mounted at, or within sight from the unit. Refer to
the unit rating plate, NEC and local codes for maximum
fuse/circuit breaker size and minimum circuit amps (ampacity) for
wire sizing. See Table 3 for electrical data.
The field-supplied disconnect may be mounted on the unit over the
high-voltage inlet hole. See Figs. 2-3.
If the unit has an electric heater, a second disconnect may be
required. Consult the Installation, Start-Up and Service Instructions provided with the accessory for electrical service connections.
Operation of unit on improper line voltage constitutes abuse and
may cause unit damage that could affect warranty.
Use the Start-Up Checklist supplied at the end of this book and
proceed as follows to inspect and prepare the unit for initial
start-up:
ROUTING POWER LEADS INTO UNIT — Use only copper
wire between disconnect and unit. The high-voltage leads should
be in a conduit until they enter the duct panel; conduit termination
at the duct panel must be watertight. Run the high-voltage leads
through the power entry knockout on the duct panel (see Fig. 2 and
3 for location and size). When the leads are inside the unit, run
leads up the high-voltage raceway to the line wiring splice box
(Fig. 12 through 14). For single-phase units, connect leads to the
black and yellow wires; for 3-phase units, connect the leads to the
black, yellow, and blue wires (Fig. 17).
1. Remove all access panels.
2. Read and follow instructions on all DANGER, WARNING,
CAUTION, and INFORMATION labels attached to, or
shipped with, unit.
3. Make the following inspections:
a. Inspect for shipping and handling damages such as broken
lines, loose parts, disconnected wires, etc.
b. Inspect for oil at all refrigerant tubing connections and on
unit base. Detecting oil generally indicates a refrigerant
leak. Leak-test all refrigerant tubing connections using
electronic leak detector, or liquid-soap solution. If a refrigerant leak is detected, see following Check for Refrigerant
Leaks section.
CONNECTING GROUND LEAD TO GROUND LUG — Refer
to Fig. 17. Connect the ground lead to the chassis using the ground
lug in the wiring splice box.
ROUTING CONTROL POWER WIRES — (24 V) — Form a
drip-loop with the thermostat leads before routing them into the
unit. Route the thermostat leads through grommeted, low-voltage
hole provided in unit into unit control power splice box. See Fig.
2 and 3. Connect thermostat leads to unit control power leads as
shown in Fig. 16.
c. Inspect all field and factory-wiring connections. Be sure
that connections are completed and tight.
d. Inspect coil fins. If damaged during shipping and handling,
carefully straighten fins with a fin comb.
The unit transformer supplies 24-v power for complete system
including accessory electrical heater. An automatic-reset circuit
breaker (Fig. 18) is provided in the 24-v circuit; see the caution
label on the transformer or Fig. 19. Transformer is factory wired
for 230-v operation. If supply voltage is 208 v, rewire transformer
primary as described in Special Procedures for 208-V Operation
section.
4. Verify the following conditions:
a. Make sure that outdoor-fan blade is correctly positioned in
fan orifice.
b. Make sure that air filter(s) is in place.
c. Make sure that condensate drain pan and trap are filled with
water to ensure proper drainage.
8
C99052
Fig. 12—Wiring Schematics
9
C99053
Fig. 13—Wiring Schematics
10
C99054
Fig. 14—Wiring Schematics
11
Table 3—Electrical Data—50JX
UNIT 50JX
SIZE
024
V-PH-HZ
VOLTAGE
RANGE
Min
Max
208/230-1-60 187 253.00
COMPRESSOR ODFM IDFM
RLA
LRA
FLA
KW
FLA
Min. Circuit Ampacity for Wire Sizing
MCA
MAX
-/18.1/20.8
36.1/41.7
-/25.1/28.5
47.6/54.6
16.4
20
10.8
56
0.90
2
-/3.75/5.0
7.5/10
208/230-1-60 187
253
14
73
0.9
2.1
-/3.75/5.0
7.5/10
11.3/15
-/18.1/20.8
36.1/41.7
54.2/62.5
-/25.2/28.7
47.8/54.7
72.2/82.6
20.5
20.5
25
25
208/230-3-60 187
253
10.3
63
0.9
2.1
-/3.75/5.0
7.5/10
11.3/15
-/10.4/12.0
20.8/24.1
31.3/36.1
-/15.9/17.7
28.7/32.7
43.6/49.6
15.9
20
208/230-1-60 187
253
16.7
97
1.6
3.6
-/3.75/5.0
7.5/10
11.3/15
-/18.1/20.8
36.1/41.7
54.2/62.5
-/27.1/30.5
47.8/54.7
72.2/82.6
26.1
35.1
208/230-3-60 187
253
11.9
75
1.6
3.6
-/3.75/5.0
7.5/10
11.3/15
-/10.4/12.0
20.8/24.1
31.3/36.1
-/20.1/20.1
30.6/34.6
43.6/49.6
20.1
25
506
5.4
37.5
0.9
1.9
--/5
10
15
--/6
12
18
--/9.9/15
17.4/20
24.9
9.6
15
4.1
-/3.75/5.0
7.5/10
11.3/15
15.0/20.0
-/18.1/20.8
36.1/41.7
54.2/62.5
72.2/83.3
-/28.1/31.2
50.3/57.2
72.8/83.3
95.4/109.3
28.0
35
4.1
-/3.75/5.0
7.5/10
11.3/15
15.0/20.0
-/10.4/12.0
20.8/24.1
31.3/36.1
41.6/48.0
-/21.2/21.2
31.5/35.2
44.5/50.2
57.1/65.1
23.0
30
2.0
-/5
10
15
20
-/6
12
18
24
-/10.5/15
17.5/20
25.1
32.6
10.2
15
4.1
-/-/3.75/5.0
18.1/20
7.5/10
36.1/41.7
11.3/15 54.2/62.5
15.0/20.0 72.8/83.3
-/30.1/31.2
50.3/57.2
72.8/83.3
95.4/109.3
35
45
4.1
-/-/3.75/5.0 10.4/12.0
7.5/10
20.8/24.1
11.3/15 31.3/36.1
15.0/20.0 41.6/48
-/21.2/21.2
31.2/35.2
44.2/50.2
57.1/65.1
22.6
30
-/10.2
17.5
25.1
32.6
11.4
15
6.2
-/-/3.75/5.0 18.1/20.8
7.5/10
36.1/41.7
11.3/15 54.2/62.5
15.0/20.0 41.6/48
-/43.8/43.8
52.9/59.8
75.4/85.9
98.8/111.9
43.6
60
6.2
-/-/3.75/5.0 10.4/12.0
7.5/10
20.8/24.1
11.3/15 31.3/36.1
15.0/20.0 41.6/48
-/29.4/29.4
33.8/37.8
46.8/52.9
59.7/67.7
29.4
35
-/15.4
19
26.6
34.1
15.4
20
460-3-60
414
208/230-1-60 187
042
208/230-3-60 187
460-3-60
414
208-230-1-60 187
048
208/230-3-60 187
460-3-60
414
208/230-1-60 187
060
POWER SUPPLY (MOCP)
FLA
030
036
ELECTRIC HEAT
208/230-3-60 187
460-3-60
414
253
253
506
253
253
506
253
253
506
18.4
14.4
5.8
23.4
13.5
6.8
28.8
17.3
9
104
88
44
104
88
44
169
123
62
0.9
0.9
0.9
1.6
1.6
0.9
1.4
1.4
0.9
2
3.2
-/5
10
15
20
-/5
10
15
20
12
-/6
12
18
24
-/6
12
18
24
LEGEND
FLA
HACR
IFM
LRA
MCA
MOCP
Average Voltage = 452 + 464 + 455
3
1371
=
3
= 457
—
—
—
—
—
—
Full Load Amps
Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
Indoor-Fan Motor
Locked Rotor Amps
Minimum Circuit Amps
Maximum Overcurrent Protection
(fuses or HACR-type circuit breaker)
NEC
— National Electrical Code
OFM
— Outdoor-Fan Motor
RLA
— Rated Load Amps
UL
— Underwriters Laboratories
* Single-Point Wiring Connections.
† Dual-Point Wiring Connections.
Determine maximum deviation from average voltage.
(AB) 457 - 452 = 5 v
(BC) 464 - 457 = 7 v
(AC) 457 - 455 = 2 v
Maximum deviation is 7 v.
Determine percent of voltage imbalance.
7
% Voltage Imbalance = 100 x
457
NOTES:
1. In compliance with NEC requirements for multimotor and
combination load equipment (refer to NEC Articles 430 and
440), the overcurrent protective device for the unit shall be
fuse or HACR breaker. The UL, Canada, units may be fuse
or circuit breaker.
2. Unbalanced 3-Phase supply Voltage
Never operate a motor where a phase imbalance in supply
voltage is greater than 2%. Use the following formula to
determine the percent of voltage imbalance.
% Voltage imbalance
= 1.53%
This amount of phase imbalance is satisfactory as it is below the
maximum allowable 2%.
IMPORTANT: If the supply voltage phase imbalance is
more than 2%, contact your local electric utility company
immediately.
= 100 x max voltage deviation from average voltage
average voltage
®
EXAMPLE: Supply voltage is 460-3-60.
AB = 452 v
BC = 464 v
AC = 455 v
C99051
Fig. 15—Electrical Data Legend
C
BRN
O
ORN
R
RED
G
GRN
Y
YEL
E
WHT
W2
THERMOSTAT
AND SUBBASE
UNIT CONTROL POWER
SPLICE BOX
C99056
Fig. 16—Control Connections
24 V Circuit Breaker
24 Volt Compartment
GROUND LUG
C99070
(IN SLPICE BOX)
Fig. 18—Control Wiring Plate
GROUND
LEAD
SINGLE-PHASE
CONNECTIONS
TO DISCONNECT
PER NEC
L1
BLK
L2
YEL
TRANSFORMER CONTAINS A MANUAL
RESET OVERCURRENT PROTECTOR
BLU
L3
3-PHASE
CONNECTIONS
NOTE: Use copper wire only.
LEGEND
NEC – National Electrical Code
Field Wiring
Splice Connections
Fig. 17—Line Power Connections
IT WILL NOT AUTOMATICALLY RESET
DISCONNECT POWER PRIOR TO
SERVICING
THIS COMPARTMENT MUST BE CLOSED
EXCEPT WHEN SERVICING
C99057
Fig. 19—Transformer Label
13
C99058
4. When using an automatic changeover room thermostat, place
both SYSTEM and FAN switches in AUTO positions. Observe that unit operates in Cooling mode when temperature
control is set to ‘‘call for Cooling’’ (below room temperature),
and unit operates in Heating mode when temperature control
is set to "call for Heating" (above room temperature).
d. Make sure that all tools and miscellaneous loose parts have
been removed.
5. Compressors are internally spring mounted. Do not loosen or
remove compressor hold-down bolts.
6. Each unit system has 2 Schrader-type ports, one low-side
Schrader fitting located on the suction line, and one high-side
Schrader fitting located on the compressor discharge line. Be
sure that caps on the ports are tight.
IMPORTANT: Three-phase, scroll compressors are direction oriented. Unit must be checked to ensure proper compressor 3-phase
power lead orientation. If not corrected within 5 minutes, the
internal protector will shut off the compressor. The 3-phase power
leads to the unit must be reversed to correct rotation. When turning
backwards, scroll compressors emit elevated noise levels, and the
difference between compressor suction and discharge pressures
may be dramatically lower than normal.
FAN GRILLE
MOTOR
1/8" MAX BETWEEN
MOTOR AND FAN HUB
CHECKING AND ADJUSTING REFRIGERANT CHARGE
— The refrigerant system is fully charged with R-22 refrigerant
and is tested and factory sealed.
MOTOR SHAFT
C99009
NOTE: Adjustment of the refrigerant charge is not required
unless the unit is suspected of not having the proper R-22 charge.
The charging label and the tables shown refer to system temperatures and pressures in cooling mode only. A refrigerant charging
label is attached to the outside of the service access door. If charge
level is suspect in Heating mode, reclaim all refrigerant and charge
to nameplate amount. (This information may be obtained from the
physical data table also.)
Fig. 20—Fan Blade Clearance
START-UP
Using the Start-Up Checklist supplied at the end of this book,
proceed as follows:
Step 1—Check for Refrigerant Leaks
Locate and repair refrigerant leaks and charge the unit as follows:
IMPORTANT: When evaluating the refrigerant charge, an indicated adjustment to the specified factory charge must always be
very minimal. If a substantial adjustment is indicated, an abnormal
condition exists somewhere in the cooling system, such as insufficient airflow across either coil or both coils.
1. Use both high- and low-pressure ports to relieve system
pressure and reclaim remaining refrigerant
2. Repair leak following accepted practices.
NOTE: Install a filter drier whenever the system has been
opened for repair.
REFRIGERANT CHARGE — The amount of refrigerant charge
is listed on the unit nameplate and /or the physical data table. Refer
to Carrier Refrigeration Service Techniques Manual, Refrigerants
Section.
3. Check system for leaks using an approved method.
4. Evacuate refrigerant system and reclaim refrigerant if no
additional leaks are found.
NO CHARGE — Check for leak. Use standard evacuating techniques. After evacuating system, weigh in the specified amount of
refrigerant (refer to system data plate).
5. Charge unit with R-22 refrigerant, using a volumetriccharging cylinder or accurate scale. Refer to unit rating plate
for required charge. Be sure to add extra refrigerant to
compensate for internal volume of filter drier.
LOW CHARGE COOLING — Use Cooling Charging Charts
(Figs. 24-29). Vary refrigerant until the conditions of the chart are
met. Note that charging charts are different from type normally
used. Charts are based on charging the units to correct superheat
for the various operating conditions. Accurate pressure gage and
temperature sensing devices are required. Connect the pressure
gage to the service port on the suction line. Mount the temperature
sensing device on the suction line and insulate it so that the
outdoor ambient does not effect the reading. Indoor air CFM must
be within the normal operating range of the unit.
Step 2—Start-Up Adjustments
Complete the required procedures given in the Pre-Start-Up
section on this page before starting the unit. Do not jumper any
safety devices when operating the unit. Do not operate the unit in
Cooling mode when the outdoor temperature is below 40 F (unless
accessory low-ambient kit is installed). Do not rapid-cycle the
compressor. Allow 5 minutes between ‘‘on’’ cycles to prevent
compressor damage.
TO USE COOLING CHARGING CHARTS — Take the outdoor
ambient temperature and read the suction pressure gage. Refer to
the chart to determine what the suction temperature should be.
NOTE: If the problem causing the inaccurate readings is a
refrigerant leak, refer to Check for Refrigerant Leaks section.
CHECKING COOLING AND HEATING CONTROL OPERATION — Start and check the unit for proper control operation as
follows:
1. Place room thermostat SYSTEM switch in OFF position.
Observe that blower motor starts when FAN switch is placed
in ON position and shuts down within 60 seconds when FAN
switch is placed in AUTO position.
INDOOR AIRFLOW AND AIRFLOW ADJUSTMENTS
2. Place SYSTEM switch in COOL position and FAN switch in
AUTO position. Set control below room temperature. Observe
that compressor, outdoor fan, and indoor blower motors start.
Observe that cooling cycle shuts down when control setting is
satisfied.
For heating and cooling operation, the recommended airflow
is 350 to 450 cfm for each 12,000 Btuh of rated cooling
capacity. for units with optional electric heat, the airflow must
not be reduced below the levels stated in Table 2.
3. Place system switch in HEAT position. Set control above
room temperature. Observe that heating cycle shuts down
when control setting is satisfied.
Table 4 shows both heating and cooling airflows at various
external static pressures. Refer to these tables to determine the
airflow for the system being installed.
14
INDOOR COIL
OUTDOOR COIL
LCS
COMPRESSOR
ACCUMULATOR
Bypass
Position
Metering
Position
LEGEND
LCS – Loss of Charge Switch
Accurater® Metering Device
Arrow indicates direction of flow
C99027
1. Hot gas from compressor flows through the 4-way valve and is directed to the indoor coil. It is then condensed and subcooled through the coil circuits and then leaves
the indoor coil by way of the ID Accurater in the bypass position to the liquid line.
2. The refrigerant then feeds the indoor coil through the OD Accurater device in the metering position and distributes to each circuit.
3. Each circuit evaporates the refrigerant and the circuits are combined in the indoor coil header.
4. The refrigerant then flows through the 4-way valve, accumulator, and back to the compressor.
Fig. 21—Typical Heat Pump Operation, Heating Mode
INDOOR COIL
OUTDOOR COIL
LCS
COMPRESSOR
ACCUMULATOR
Metering
Position
Bypass
Position
LEGEND
LCS – Loss of Charge Switch
Accurater® Metering Device
Arrow indicates direction of flow
C99028
1. Hot gas from compressor flows through the 4-way valve and is directed to the outdoor coil. It is then condensed and subcooled through the coil circuits. Refrigerant leaves
the outdoor coil by way of the OD Accurater in the bypass position to the liquid line.
2. The refrigerant then feeds the indoor coil through the ID Accurater device in the metering position and distributes to each circuit.
3. Each circuit evaporates the refrigerant and the circuits are combined in the indoor coil header.
4. The refrigerant then flows through the 4-way valve, accumulator, and back to the compressor.
Fig. 22—Typical Heat Pump Operation, Cooling Mode
15
OUTDOOR
TEMP
620
90.0
551
483
414
345
85
29
75
24
80.0
65
18
70.0
55
13
45
7
60.0
50.0
276
40.0
207
30.0
20.0
-7
30.0
-1
40.0
50.0
60.0
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (DEG. F)
4
10
16
SUCTION LINE TEMPERATURE (DEG. C)
70.0
80.0
21
27
OUTDOOR
TEMP
(030) 60 Hz CHARGING CHART
C
52
46
41
35
F
C
125
115
105
52
46
41
95
35
85
29
75
24
65
18
60.0
55
13
50.0
45
7
689
100.0
620
90.0
551
483
414
345
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (PSIG)
100.0
F
125
115
105
95
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (KILOPASCALS)
689
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (PSIG)
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (KILOPASCALS)
(024) 60 Hz CHARGING CHART
80.0
70.0
276
40.0
207
30.0
20.0
-7
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (DEG. F)
70.0
80.0
-1
4
10
16
SUCTION LINE TEMPERATURE (DEG. C)
21
27
50JX500219
50JX500220
C99031
C99032
Fig. 23—Cooling Charging Chart, 50JX 024 Units
OUTDOOR
TEMP
90.0
551
483
414
345
95
35
85
29
75
24
65
18
80.0
70.0
55
13
45
7
60.0
50.0
276
40.0
207
30.0
20.0
-7
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (DEG. F)
70.0
80.0
-1
4
10
16
SUCTION LINE TEMPERATURE (DEG. C)
21
27
OUTDOOR
TEMP
(042) 60 Hz CHARGING CHART
C
52
46
41
689
100.0
620
90.0
551
483
414
345
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (PSIG)
620
F
125
115
105
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (KILOPASCALS)
100.0
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (PSIG)
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (KILOPASCALS)
(036) 60 Hz CHARGING CHART
689
Fig. 24—Cooling Charging Chart, 50JX 030 Units
80.0
F
125
C
52
115
105
46
41
95
35
85
75
29
24
65
18
55
13
45
7
70.0
60.0
50.0
276
40.0
207
30.0
20.0
-7
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (DEG. F)
70.0
80.0
-1
4
10
16
SUCTION LINE TEMPERATURE (DEG. C)
21
27
50JX500221
50JX500222
C99033
C99034
Fig. 25—Cooling Charging Chart, 50JX036 Units
OUTDOOR
TEMP
90.0
551
483
414
345
80.0
C
52
46
41
35
29
24
18
55
13
45
7
70.0
60.0
50.0
276
40.0
207
30.0
20.0
-7
30.0
-1
40.0
50.0
60.0
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (DEG. F)
4
10
16
SUCTION LINE TEMPERATURE (DEG. C)
70.0
80.0
21
27
OUTDOOR
TEMP
(060) 60 Hz CHARGING CHART
F
C
90.0
125
115
105
95
52
46
41
35
80.0
85
75
29
24
689
100.0
620
551
483
414
345
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (PSIG)
620
F
125
115
105
95
85
75
65
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (KILOPASCALS)
100.0
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (PSIG)
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (KILOPASCALS)
(048) 60 Hz CHARGING CHART
689
Fig. 26—Cooling Charging Chart, 50JX 042 Units
18
55
13
45
7
70.0
60.0
50.0
276
40.0
207
30.0
20.0
-7
50JX500223
65
30.0
-1
40.0
50.0
60.0
SUCTION LINE PRESSURE (DEG. F)
4
10
16
SUCTION LINE TEMPERATURE (DEG. C)
70.0
80.0
21
27
50JX500224
C99035
C99036
Fig. 27—Cooling Charging Chart, 50JX 048 Units
Fig. 28—Cooling Charging Chart,50JX 060 Units
16
Table 4—Wet Coil Air Delivery
Unit 50JX 024-060 (Deduct 10% for 208v)*
UNIT
MOTOR SPEED
Low
024
Med
High
Low
30
Med
High
Low
36
Med
High
Low
42
Med
High
Low
48
Med
High
Low
60
Med
High
EXTERNAL STATIC PRESSURE (IN. WG)
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
Watts
275
273
271
270
-
-
-
-
-
-
1.0
-
Cfm
923
844
754
669
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Watts
-
-
-
359
353
350
347
341
-
-
-
Cfm
-
-
-
941
876
814
737
622
-
-
-
Watts
-
-
-
-
-
-
447
439
431
423
-
Cfm
-
-
-
-
-
-
968
869
765
659
-
Watts
276
276
272
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Cfm
963
929
781
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Watts
375
377
371
362
354
350
-
-
-
-
-
Cfm
1202
1170
1079
976
884
807
-
-
-
-
-
Watts
-
-
-
-
469
449
435
428
-
-
-
Cfm
-
-
-
-
1174
988
828
718
-
-
-
Watts
462
451
431
411
394
381
-
-
-
-
-
Cfm
1374
1290
1205
1116
1020
916
-
-
-
-
-
Watts
523
506
490
471
449
426
-
-
-
-
-
Cfm
1500
1408
1301
1190
1082
977
-
-
-
-
-
Watts
-
645
628
610
595
584
575
-
-
-
-
Cfm
-
1474
1369
1267
1169
1069
962
-
-
-
-
Watts
620
600
586
574
562
548
530
510
487
462
439
1103
Cfm
1662
1621
1581
1540
1496
1447
1392
1331
1263
1186
Watts
-
-
-
-
686
661
634
606
577
547
517
Cfm
-
-
-
-
1722
1662
1594
1515
1427
1330
1227
Watts
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
757
730
704
682
Cfm
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1669
1577
1486
1402
Watts
620
600
586
574
562
548
530
-
487
-
-
Cfm
1662
1621
1581
1540
1496
1447
1392
1331
1263
-
-
Watts
763
747
729
709
686
661
634
606
577
547
517
Cfm
1917
1868
1822
1774
1722
1662
1594
1515
1427
1330
1227
Watts
-
-
-
852
832
809
784
757
730
704
682
Cfm
-
-
-
1982
1914
1839
1757
1669
1577
1486
1402
-
Watts
597
592
578
526
460
452
445
-
-
-
Cfm
2265
2190
2101
2033
1974
1869
1614
-
-
-
-
Watts
754
730
707
687
671
658
646
630
603
558
486
1576
Cfm
2383
2282
2202
2134
2070
2005
1935
1858
1771
1667
Watts
901
876
856
836
813
785
755
723
696
681
687
Cfm
2480
2383
2301
2233
2175
2122
2066
1998
1910
1788
1619
* Air delivery values are based on operating voltage of 230 v or 460 v, wet coil, without filter or electric heater. Deduct filter and electric heater pressure drops to obtain
static pressure available for ducting.
NOTES:
1. Do not operate the unit at a cooling airflow that is less than 350 cfm for each 12,000 Btuh of rated cooling capacity. Evaporator coil frosting may occur at airflows below
this point.
2. Dashes indicate portions of table that are beyond the blower motor capacity or are not recommended.
3. Deduct 10% for 208v.
NOTE: Be sure that all supply-and return-air grilles are open, free
from obstructions, and adjusted properly.
For 460-v GE Motors—The motor leads are color coded as
follows:
3-SPEED
Black = high
Violet = jumper
Orange = medium
Red = low
Airflow can be changed by changing the lead connection of the
blower motor.
Unit 50JX three-speed motors (except size 030) are factory wired
for low speed operation. Unit 50JX 030 is factory wired for
medium speed.
To change the speed of the blower motor (BM), remove fan motor
speed lead from the blower relay (BR) and replace with the lead
for the desired blower motor speed. The motor speed lead is
attached to terminal BM. For low and medium speeds black must
be connected to the jumper wire. Insulate removed lead end to
avoid contact with chassis parts. To select high speed on 460-v GE
motors, separate the black female quick connect (QC) from the
jumper lead male quick connect (QC) and connect the black lead
to the BR. Insulate the jumper to avoid contact with any chassis
parts.
For 208/230-v Motors:—The motor leads are color-coded as
follows:
3-SPEED
Black = high speed
Blue = medium speed
Red = low speed
To change the speed of the blower motor (BM), remove the fan
motor speed leg lead from the blower relay (BR). This wire is
attached to IGC terminal BM for single-phase and 3-phase units.
To change the speed, remove and replace with lead for desired
blower motor speed. Insulate the removed lead to avoid contact
with chassis parts.
17
MAINTENANCE
To ensure continuing high performance, and to minimize the
possibility of premature equipment failure, periodic maintenance
must be performed on this equipment. This heat pump unit should
be inspected at least once each year by a qualified service person.
To troubleshoot unit, refer to Table 5.
Disconnect and tag electrical power to the unit before
cleaning and lubricating the blower motor and wheel. Failure
to adhere to this warning could cause personal injury or death.
OUTDOOR COIL, INDOOR COIL, AND CONDENSATE
DRAIN PAN — Inspect the condenser coil, evaporator coil, and
condensate drain pan at least once each year.
NOTE TO EQUIPMENT OWNER: Consult your local dealer
about the availability of a maintenance contract.
The coils are easily cleaned when dry; therefore, inspect and clean
the coils either before or after each cooling season. Remove all
obstructions, including weeds and shrubs, that interfere with the
airflow through the condenser coil.
The ability to properly perform maintenance on this equipment requires certain expertise, mechanical skills, tools and
equipment. If you do not possess these, do not attempt to
perform any maintenance on this equipment, other than those
procedures recommended in the User’s Manual. FAILURE
TO HEED THIS WARNING COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS PERSONAL INJURY AND POSSIBLE DAMAGE TO
THIS EQUIPMENT.
Straighten bent fins with a fin comb. If coated with dirt or lint,
clean the coils with a vacuum cleaner, using the soft brush
attachment. Be careful not to bend the fins. If coated with oil or
grease, clean the coils with a mild detergent-and-water solution.
Rinse coils with clear water, using a garden hose. Be careful not to
splash water on motors, insulation, wiring, or air filter(s). For best
results, spray condenser coil fins from inside to outside the unit.
On units with an outer and inner condenser coil, be sure to clean
between the coils. Be sure to flush all dirt and debris from the unit
base.
Failure to follow these warnings could result in serious
personal injury:
1. Turn off electrical power to the unit before performing any
maintenance or service on this unit.
2. Use extreme caution when removing panels and parts. As
with any mechanical equipment, personal injury can result
from sharp edges.
3. Never place anything combustible either on, or in contact
with, the unit.
Inspect the drain pan and condensate drain line when inspecting
the coils. Clean the drain pan and condensate drain by removing all
foreign matter from the pan. Flush the pan and drain trough with
clear water. Do not splash water on the insulation, motor, wiring,
or air filter(s). If the drain trough is restricted, clear it with a
‘‘plumbers snake’’ or similar probe device. Ensure that the
auxiliary drain port above the drain trough is also clear.
OUTDOOR FAN
Errors made when reconnecting wires may cause improper
and dangerous operation. Label all wires prior to disconnection when servicing.
Keep the condenser fan free from all obstructions to ensure
proper cooling operation. Never place articles on top of the
unit. Damage to unit may result.
The minimum maintenance requirements for this equipment are as
follows:
1. Inspect the fan blades for cracks or bends.
2. If fan needs to be removed, remove screws holding outdoor air
intake grille and remove grille.
1. Inspect air filter(s) each month. Clean or replace when
necessary.
3. Loosen the setscrew and slide the fan off the motor shaft.
2. Inspect indoor coil, drain pan, and condensate drain each
cooling season for cleanliness. Clean when necessary.
4. When replacing fan blade, position blade so that the hub is 1/8
in. away from the motor end (1/8 in. of motor shaft will be
visible). See Fig. 20.
3. Inspect blower motor and wheel for cleanliness each cooling
season. Clean when necessary.
5. Ensure that setscrew engages the flat area on the motor shaft
when tightening.
4. Check electrical connections for tightness and controls for
proper operation each cooling season. Service when necessary.
1. Replace grille.
ELECTRICAL CONTROLS AND WIRING — Inspect and check
the electrical controls and wiring annually. Be sure to turn off the
electrical power to the unit.
AIR FILTER
IMPORTANT: Never operate the unit without a suitable air filter
in the return-air duct system. Always replace the filter with the
same dimensional size and type as originally installed. See Table
1 for recommended filter sizes.
Remove access panel to locate all the electrical controls and
wiring. Check all electrical connections for tightness. Tighten all
screw connections. If any smoky or burned connections are
noticed, disassemble the connection, clean all the parts, restrip the
wire end and reassemble the connection properly and securely.
Inspect air filter(s) at least once each month and replace
(throwaway-type) or clean (cleanable-type) at least twice during
each cooling season or whenever the filters become clogged with
dust and lint.
After inspecting the electrical controls and wiring, replace all the
panels. Start the unit, and observe at least one complete cooling
cycle to ensure proper operation. If discrepancies are observed in
operating cycle, or if a suspected malfunction has occurred, check
each electrical component with the proper electrical instrumentation. Refer to the unit wiring label when making these checkouts.
NOTE: Refer to the Sequence of Operation section as an aid in
determining proper control operation.
INDOOR BLOWER AND MOTOR
NOTE: All motors are prelubricated. Do not attempt to lubricate
these motors.
For longer life, operating economy, and continuing efficiency,
clean accumulated dirt and grease from the blower wheel and
motor annually.
18
SYSTEM INFORMATION
TIME-DELAY RELAY — The Time-Delay Relay (TDR) is a
solid-state control, recycle delay timer which keeps indoor blower
operating for 60 sec after thermostat is satisfied. This delay enables
blower to remove residual cooling in coil after compression
shutdown, thereby improving efficiency of system. The sequence
of operation is that on closure of wall thermostat and at end of a
fixed on delay of 1 sec, fan relay is energized. When thermostat is
satisfied, an off delay is initiated. When fixed delay of 60 ± 5 sec
is completed, fan relay is de-energized and fan motor stops. If wall
thermostat closes during this delay, TDR is reset and fan relay
remains energized. TDR is a 24-v device that operates within a
range of 15v to 30v and draws about 0.5 amps. If the blower runs
continuously instead of cycling off when the fan switch is set on
AUTO, the TDR is probably defective and must be replaced.
REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT — Inspect all refrigerant tubing connections and the unit base for oil accumulation annually. Detecting
oil generally indicates a refrigerant leak.
System under pressure. Relieve pressure and recover all
refrigerant before system repair or final unit disposal to avoid
personal injury or death. Use all service ports and open all
flow-control devices, including solenoid valves.
If oil is detected or if low performance is suspected, leak-test all
refrigerant tubing using an electronic leak detector, or liquid-soap
solution. If a refrigerant leak is detected, refer to Check for
Refrigerant Leaks section.
LOSS OF CHARGE SWITCH — The loss of charge switch is a
protective device wired into control circuit (low voltage). It shuts
off the compressor if abnormally low pressures are present in the
refrigeration circuit.
NOTE: Because these switches are attached to refrigeration
system under pressure, it is not advisable to remove this device for
troubleshooting unless you are reasonably certain that a problem
exists. If switch must be removed, remove and recover all system
charge so that pressure gages read 0 psi. Never open system
without breaking vacuum with dry nitrogen.
If no refrigerant leaks are found and low performance is suspected,
refer to Checking and Adjusting Refrigerant Charge section.
CHECK DEFROST THERMOSTAT — There is a liquid header
with a brass distributor and feeder tube going into outdoor coil. At
the end of 1 of the feeder tubes, there is a 3/8-in. OD stub tube
approximately 3 in. long. (See Fig. 30.) The defrost thermostat
should be located on stub tube. Note that there is only 1 stub tube
used with liquid header, and on most units it is the bottom circuit.
FEEDER TUBE
STUB TUBE
C99097
Fig. 29—Refrigerant Circuit
DEFROST
THERMOSTAT
INDOOR AIRFLOW — The indoor airflow does not require
checking unless improper performance is suspected. If a problem
exists, be sure that all supply- and return-air grilles are open and
free from obstructions, and that the air filter is clean. When
necessary, refer to Indoor Airflow and Airflow Adjustments
section to check the system airflow.
C99029
Fig. 30—Defrost Thermostat
DEFROST THERMOSTATS — Defrost thermostat signals heat
pump that conditions are right for defrost or that conditions have
changed to terminate defrost. It is a thermally actuated switch
clamped to outdoor coil to sense its temperature. Normal temperature range is closed at 30˚ +/- 3˚F and open at 80˚ +/- 5˚F.
NOTE: The defrost thermostat must be located on the liquid side
of the outdoor coil on the bottom circuit and as close to the coil as
possible.
METERING DEVICES — Refrigerant metering devices are fixed
orifices and are located in the inlet header to the indoor and
outdoor coils.
LIQUID LINE STRAINERS — The liquid line strainers (to protect metering devices) are made of wire mesh and are located in the
liquid lines on the inlet side of the metering devices.
19
Table 5—Cooling and Heating Troubleshooting Chart
SYMPTOM
Compressor and outdoor fan will not start.
Compressor will not start but condenser fan
runs.
Three-phase scroll compressor (size 030060units) makes excessive noise, and there
may be a low pressure differential.
Compressor cycles (other than normally satisfying thermostat).
CAUSE
Call power company.
Fuse blown or circuit breaker tripped
Replace fuse or reset circuit breaker.
Defective thermostat, contactor, transformer, control relay or defrost board.
Replace component.
Insufficient line voltage
Determine cause and correct.
Incorrect or faulty wiring
Check wiring diagram and rewire correctly.
Thermostat setting too high
Lower thermostat setting below room temperature.
Units have a 5-minute time delay
DO NOT bypass this compressor time
delay—wait for 5 minutes until time-delay relay is
deenergized.
Faulty wiring or loose connections in compressor
circuit
Check wiring and repair or replace.
Compressor motor burned out, seized, or internal
overload open
Determine cause. Replace compressor.
Defective run capacitor, overload, or PTC (positive temperature coefficient) thermistor
Determine cause and replace.
One leg of 3-phase power dead
Replace fuse or reset circuit breaker. Determine
cause.
Low input voltage (20% low)
Determine cause and correct.
Scroll compressor is rotating in the wrong direction
Correct the direction of rotation by reversing the
3-phase power leads to the unit.
Refrigerant overcharge or undercharge
Recover refrigerant, evacuate system, and recharge to capacities shown on nameplate.
Defective compressor
Replace and determine cause.
Insufficient line voltage
Determine cause and correct.
Blocked outdoor coil
Determine cause and correct.
Defective run/start capacitor, overload or start
relay
Determine cause and replace.
Defective thermostat
Replace thermostat.
Faulty outdoor-fan motor or capacitor
Replace.
Damaged reversing valve
Determine cause and correct.
Restriction in refrigerant system
Locate restriction and remove.
Dirty air filter
Replace filter.
Unit undersized for load
Decrease load or increase unit size.
Thermostat set too low
Reset thermostat.
Low refrigerant charge
Locate leak, repair, and recharge.
Leaking valves in compressor
Replace compressor.
Frosted coil with incorrect defrost operation.
Check defrost time settings. Reset as necessary.
Check defrost temperature switch. Replace as
necessary.
Air in system
Recover refrigerant, evacuate system, and recharge.
Compressor operates continuously.
Excessive head pressure.
Head pressure too low.
Excessive suction pressure.
REMEDY
Power failure
Outdoor coil dirty or restricted
Clean coil or remove restriction.
Dirty air filter
Replace filter.
Dirty indoor or outdoor coil
Clean coil.
Refrigerant overcharged
Recover excess refrigerant.
Air in system
Recover refrigerant, evacuate system, and recharge.
(Heat) Indoor air restricted or recirculating
Determine cause and correct.
Indoor or outdoor air restricted or air short-cycling
Determine cause and correct.
Low refrigerant charge
Check for leaks, repair and recharge.
Compressor valves leaking
Replace compressor.
Restriction in liquid tube
Remove restriction.
(Heat) Outdoor coil frosted
Move timer on control board to 30 minutes between defrost cycles.
(Cool) High Heat load.
Check for source and eliminate.
Compressor valves leaking
Replace compressor.
Reversing valve hung up or leaking internally
Replace valve
Refrigerant overcharged
Recover excess refrigerant.
20
Cooling and Heating Troubleshooting Chart (cont’d)
SYMPTOM
Suction pressure too low
CAUSE
REMEDY
(Cool) Dirty air filter
Replace filter
(Heat) Outdoor coil frosted
Move timer on control board to 30 minutes between defrost cycles.
Low refrigerant charge
Check for leaks, repair and recharge.
Metering device or low side restricted
Remove source of restriction.
(Cool) Insufficient coil airflow
Increase air quantity. Check filter—replace if necessary.
(Cool) Temperature too low in conditioned area
Reset thermostat.
(Cool) Outdoor ambient below 40°F
Install low-ambient kit
Field-installed filter-drier restricted
Replace.
Compressor runs but outdoor fan does not.
NC (normally closed) contacts on defrost board
open
Check condition of relay on board. Replace if
necessary.
IFM does not run
Blower wheel not secured to shaft
Properly tighten blower wheel to shaft.
Insufficient voltage at motor
Determine cause and correct
Power connectors not properly sealed
Connectors should snap easily; do not force.
IFM runs when it should be off.
IFM operation is intermittent.
Motor programmed with a delay profile
Allow a few minutes for motor to shut off.
With thermostat in off state, the voltage on G,
Y1,Y, Y2, W with respect to common, should be
1/2 of actual low voltage supply
If measured voltage is more than 1/2, the thermostat is incompatible with motor. If voltage is
less than 1/2, the motor has failed.
Water dripping into motor
Verify proper drip loops in connector wires.
Connectors not firmly sealed.
Gently pull wires individually to be sure they are
crimped into the housing.
IFM—Indoor Fan Motor
21
START-UP CHECKLIST
(REMOVE AND STORE IN JOB FILE)
I. PRELIMINARY INFORMATION
Model No...............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Serial No. ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Date ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Technician..............................................................................................................................................................................................................
II. PRE-START-UP
___ Verify that all packing materials have been removed from unit
___ Remove all shipping holddown bolts and brackets per installation instructions
___ Verify that condensate connection is installed per installation instructions
___ Check all electrical connections and terminals for tightness
___ Check that indoor (evaporator) air filter is clean and in place
___ Verify that unit installation is level
___ Check fan wheel and propeller for location in housing and setscrew tightness
III. START-UP
Supply Voltage: L1-L2 __________ L2-L3 _________ L3-L1 __________
Compressor Amps: L1 __________ L2 _________ L3 __________
Indoor Fan Amps: __________
TEMPERATURE
Outdoor-Air Temperature: __________ DB
Return-Air Temperature: __________ DB __________ WB
Heat Pump Supply Air: __________
Electric Heater Supply Air: __________
PRESSURES
Refrigerant Suction __________ psig
Refrigerant Discharge __________ psig
___ Verify refrigerant charge using charging tables
___ Verify 3-phase scroll compressor is rotating in correct direction.
22
23
Copyright 2000 CARRIER Corp. • 7310 W. Morris St. • Indianapolis, IN 46231
50jx-1si
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 1 4
PC 101
Catalog No. 565-057
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 50JX-1SI
Pg 24
2-00
Replaces: New
Tab 5a 5a