Zanussi ZTR 56 RN Operator`s manual

SPEEDZTR
Operator’s Manual
SPEEDZTR 44 / 968999538
SPEEDZTR 36 / 968999539
SPEEDZTR 44 / 968999547
SPEEDZTR 36 / 968999609
SPEEDZTR 44 / 968999611
SPEEDZTR 42 / 968999689
SPEEDZTR 42 / 968999713
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you
understand the instructions before using the machine.
English
TABLE OF CONTENTS
General ............................................................. 4
Driving and Transport on Public Roads ......... 4
Towing ........................................................... 4
Operating ....................................................... 4
Safety Instructions ............................................. 8
General Operation ......................................... 8
Personal Safety Equipment ......................... 10
Slope Operation ........................................... 10
Maintenance ................................................ 12
General Maintenance .................................. 13
Transport ..................................................... 15
Customer responsibilities ............................ 16
Controls ........................................................... 17
Motion Control Levers ................................. 18
Tracking ....................................................... 18
Seat adjustment lever .................................. 19
Unlocking Transmission .............................. 19
Refueling ..................................................... 20
Ignition Switch ............................................. 21
Choke Control .............................................. 21
Throttle Control ............................................ 21
Blade switch ................................................ 22
Circuit breaker ............................................. 22
Parking Brake .............................................. 22
Mower Deck Lift Lever ................................. 23
Operation ........................................................ 24
Training........................................................ 24
To move forward and backward .................. 24
Before Starting ............................................. 25
Starting the Engine ...................................... 25
To start an engine with a weak battery ........ 28
Running ....................................................... 29
Operating on hills ......................................... 30
Mowing Tips ................................................ 31
Stopping the Engine .................................... 32
Moving by Hand........................................... 33
Maintenance Schedule .................................... 34
Battery ......................................................... 36
Ignition System ............................................ 37
Checking the Safety System ....................... 37
Replacing the Fuel Filter .............................. 40
Checking the Fuel Pump’s Air Filter ............ 40
Checking Tire Pressures ............................. 41
Checking the Parking Brake ........................ 41
Checking the V-belts ................................... 41
Pump Belt .................................................... 43
Checking the Blades .................................... 43
Adjusting the Mower Deck ........................... 45
To adjust anti-scalp rollers ........................... 46
Cleaning and Washing ................................ 46
Parking brake .............................................. 47
Hardware ..................................................... 47
Caster Wheels ............................................. 47
Tracking adjustment .................................... 48
Lubrication Schedule ....................................... 49
Front Wheel Bearings .................................. 50
Deck spindle ................................................ 50
Lubricating the Cables ................................. 50
Deck outer spindle ....................................... 51
Changing the Engine Oil .............................. 51
Checking the Oil Level ................................. 52
Changing the Engine Oil Filter ..................... 53
Transaxle Fluid Change .............................. 53
Purging Procedures ..................................... 55
Trouble Shooting Guide .................................. 56
Storage ............................................................ 59
Service ............................................................ 59
Wiring diagram ................................................ 60
Technical Data ................................................ 61
Torque Specifications ...................................... 69
Conformity Certificates .................................... 70
Service Journal ............................................... 71
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations
Thank you for purchasing a Dixon ride-on mower. This machine is built for superior efficiency to rapidly mow
primarily large areas. A control panel easily accessible to the operator and a hydrostatic transmission regulated by
steering controls both contribute to the machine’s performance.
This manual is a valuable document. Read the contents carefully before using or servicing the machine. The
following of instructions (use, service, maintenance, etc.) by all who operate this machine is important for the
safety of the operator and others. It can also considerably increase the life span of the machine and increase its
resale value.
If you sell your machine, be sure to give the operator’s manual to the new owner.
The final chapter of this operator’s manual provides a Service Journal. Ensure that service and repair work are
documented. A well-kept service journal reduces service costs for the maintenance and affects the machine’s
resale value. Please contact your dealer for more information. Take the operator’s manual along when the
machine is taken to your dealer for service.
General
In this operator’s manual, left and right, backward and forward are used in relation to the machine’s normal driving
direction.
Continuous dedication to improve our products require that specifications and design are subject to change without
notice.
Driving and Transport on Public Roads
Check applicable road traffic regulations before transporting on public roads. If the machine is transported, you
must always use approved fastening equipment and ensure that the machine is well anchored. DO NOT operate
this machine on public roadways.
Towing
Do not tow this machine, it may cause damage to the drive system.
Do not tow any trailers, etc. with this mower. They may jackknife or overturn causing damage to the mower and
possible serious injury to the operator.
Operating
This machine is constructed only for mowing grass on lawns and even ground without obstacles such as stones,
tree stumps, etc. The machine can also be used for other tasks when equipped with special accessories provided
by the manufacturer. Operating instructions for the accessories are provided with delivery. All other types of uses
are incorrect. The manufacturer’s directions concerning operation, maintenance, and repairs must be carefully
followed.
Lawn mowers and all power equipment, can be potentially dangerous if used improperly. Safety requires good
judgement, careful use in accordance with these instructions and common sense.
The machine must only be operated, maintained, and repaired by persons familiar with the machine’s special
characteristics and who are also knowledgeable about the safety instructions. Use only approved repair parts to
maintain this machine.
Accident prevention regulations, other general safety regulations, occupational safety rules, and traffic regulations
must be followed without fail.
Unauthorized modifications to the design of the machine may absolve the manufacturer from liability for any
resulting personal injury or property damage.
English-4
INTRODUCTION
Good Service
Husqvarna’s products are sold all over the world and only in specialized retail stores with complete service. This
ensures that you as a customer receive only the best support and service. Before the product is delivered, the
machine has, for example, been inspected and adjusted by your retailer. See the certificate in the Service Journal
in this operator’s manual.
When you need spare parts or support in service questions, warranty issues, etc., please consult the following
professional:
This Operator’s Manual belongs to the machine with
the manufacturing number:
Engine
Transmission
Manufacturing Number
The machine’s manufacturing number can be found on the printed plate affixed to the left in the engine
compartment. Stated on the plate, from the top are:
• The machine’s type designation (I.D.).
• The manufacturer’s type number (Model).
• The machine’s serial number (Serial no.)
Please have the type designation and serial number available when ordering spare parts.
The engine’s manufacturing number is stamped on one of the valve covers.
The plate states:
• The engine’s model.
• The engine’s type.
• Code
Please have these available when ordering spare parts.
The Hydro Drive IZT gears have a barcode decal affixed to the rear of the gears.
English-5
SYMBOLS AND DECALS
These symbols are found on the machine and in the operator’s manual.
Study them carefully so that you know what they mean.
WARNING!
Xxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxx
xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx.
xx xxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx.
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk of personal injury or death, particularly if the reader should
neglect to follow instructions given in the manual.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Xxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxx
xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx. xx xxxxxxxx xxxx
xxxxxx.
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk of material damage, particularly if the reader should neglect to
follow instructions given in the manual. Used also when there is a potential for misuse or misassembly.
R N
Reverse
Neutral
Fast
Slow
Choke
Fuel
P
Warning!
Parking Brake
CE conformity
marking. Only for
European market
Battery acid is corrosive, explosive and flammable
Warning! Rotating blades,
keep away from the
discharge deck
Do not touch parts
Do not stand here
Noise emissions to the
surroundings in accordance with
the European Union’s directive.
The machine’s emission is
stated in the chapter
TECHNICAL DATA and on the
decals.
Use protective glasses
English-6
Use protective gloves
Only machines for European
market
SYMBOLS AND DECALS
Read
Operator’s
Manual
Shut off engine and
remove key before
performing any
maintenance or repair work
Keep a safe
distance from
the machine
Use on slopes
no greater
than 10°
No passengers
Whole body
exposure to
thrown objects
Severing of fingers
and toes
Do not open or
remove safety
shields while
engine is running
Careful backing up,
watch for other
people
Careful going
forward, watch for
other people
Moving sharp blades under cover
English-7
SAFETY
Safety Instructions
These instructions are for your safety. Read them carefully.
WARNING!
This symbol means that important safety instructions need to be emphasized.
It concerns your safety.
IMPORTANT: THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING HANDS AND FEET AND THROWING
OBJECTS. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
General Operation
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions
on the machine and in the manual before
starting.
• Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts
or under the machine. Keep clear of the
discharge opening at all times.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are
familiar with the instructions, to operate the
machine.
• Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys,
wire, etc., which could be picked up and
thrown by the blades.
• Be sure the area is clear of bystanders
before operating. Stop machine if anyone
enters the area.
8011-512
Read the operator’s manual before starting the machine
• Never carry passengers. The machine is only
intended for use by one person.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary. Always look down and behind
before and while backing.
• Never direct discharged material toward
anyone. Avoid discharging material against a
wall or obstruction. Material may ricochet
back toward the operator. Stop the blades
when crossing gravel surfaces.
• Do not operate machine without the entire
grass catcher, discharge guard, or other
safety devices in place and working
• Slow down before turning.
8011-513
Clear the area of objects before mowing
English-8
SAFETY
• Never leave a running machine unattended.
Always turn off blades, set parking brake,
stop engine, and remove keys before
dismounting.
• Disengage blades when not mowing. Shut off
engine and wait for all parts to come to a
complete stop before cleaning the machine,
removing the grass catcher, or unclogging
the discharge guard.
• Operate machine only in daylight or good
artificial light.
• Do not operate the machine while under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Watch for traffic when operating near or
crossing roadways.
8011-520
Never take passengers
• Use extra care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck.
• Always wear eye protection when operating
machine.
• Data indicates that operators, age 60 years
and above, are involved in a large
percentage of riding mower-related injuries.
These operators should evaluate their ability
to operate the riding mower safely enough to
protect themselves and others from serious
injury.
• Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation
for wheel weights or counterweights.
• Anyone who operates this machine must first
read and understand this Operation Manual.
Local laws may regulate the age of the user.
• Keep machine free of grass, leaves or other
debris buildup which can touch hot exhaust /
engine part and burn. Do not allow the
mower deck to plow leaves or other debris
which can cause buildup to occur. Clean any
oil or fuel spillage before operating or storing
the machine. Allow machine to cool before
storage.
WARNING!
Engine exhaust and certain
vehicle components contain
or emit chemicals considered
to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive system
damage. The engine exhaust
contains carbon monoxide,
which is a odorless, colorless,
poisonous gas. Do not use the
machine in enclosed spaces.
English-9
SAFETY
Personal Safety Equipment
WARNING!
When using the machine, approved personal protective equipment (shown in
illustrations) shall be used. Personal protective equipment cannot eliminate the
risk of injury but it will reduce the degree of injury if an accident does happen.
Ask your retailer for help in choosing the right equipment.
• Make sure that you have first aid equipment
close at hand when using the machine.
• Never use the machine when barefoot.
• Always wear protective shoes or boots,
preferably with steel toe caps.
• Always wear approved protective glasses or
a full visor when assembling or driving.
• Always wear gloves when handling the
blades.
• Never wear loose clothing that can get
caught in moving parts.
• Use ear protectors to avoid damage to
hearing.
8011-670a
Personal protective equipment
Slope Operation
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. Operation on all slopes requires extra caution. If
you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on
it, do not mow it.
• Mow up and down slopes (10 degrees
maximum), not across.
• Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other
hidden objects. Uneven terrain could overturn
the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Choose a low ground speed so that you will
not have to stop while on the slope.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Tires may lose
traction.
• Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a
slope. If the tires lose traction, disengage the
blades and proceed slowly straight down the
slope.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and
gradual. Do not make sudden changes in
speed or direction, which could cause the
machine to roll over.
• Use extra care while operating machine with
English-10
6003-004
Mow up and down, not side to side
WARNING!
Do not drive up or down hills
with slopes greater than 10
degrees. And do not drive across
any slopes.
SAFETY
grass catchers or other attachments; they
can affect the stability of the machine. Do not
use on steep slopes.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting
your foot on the ground.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or
embankments. The machine could suddenly
roll over if a wheel is over the edge or if the
edge caves in.
Children
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the machine and the mowing activity. Never assume
that children will remain where you last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and in
8011-509
Be extra cautious when driving on slopes
the watchful care of a responsible adult other
than the operator.
• Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters
the area.
• Before and while backing, look behind and
down for small children.
• Never carry children, even with the blades
shut off. They may fall off and be seriously
injured or interfere with safe machine
operation. Children who have been given
rides in the past may suddenly appear in the
mowing area for another ride and be run over
or backed over by the machine.
• Never allow children to operate the machine.
• Use extra care when approaching blind
8011-517
Never allow children to operate the machine
corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that
may block your view of a child.
8011-518
Keep children away from work area
English-11
SAFETY
Maintenance
WARNING!
The engine must not be started when the driver’s floor plate or any protective
plate for the mower deck’s drive belt is removed.
Safe Handling of Gasoline
To avoid personal injury or property damage, use
extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is
extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive.
• Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and
other sources of ignition.
• Use only approved gasoline container.
• Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the
engine running. Allow engine to cool at least
two (2) minutes before refueling.
• Never fuel the machine indoors.
• Never store the machine or fuel container
where there is an open flame, spark, or pilot
light such as on a water heater or other
appliances.
• Before you begin refueling, minimize the risk
of static electricity by touching a metal
surface.
8011-516
Never fill the fuel tank indoors
• Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a
truck or trailer bed with plastic liner. Always
place containers on the ground away from
your vehicle when filling.
• Remove gas-powered equipment from the
truck or trailer and refuel it on the ground. If
this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment with a portable container, rather
than from a gasoline dispenser nozzle.
• Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the
fuel tank or container opening at all times until
fueling is complete. Do not use a nozzle lockopen device.
• If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing
immediately.
• Never overfill fuel tank. Replace gas cap and
tighten securely.
• Do not start the engine near spilled fuel.
• Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent.
• If leaks arise in fuel system, engine must not
be started until problem has been resolved.
• Check the fuel level before each use and
leave space for the fuel to expand, because
the heat from the engine and the sun may
otherwise cause the fuel to expand and
overflow.
English-12
WARNING!
The engine and the exhaust
system, become very hot
during operation.
Risk for burns if touched.
Allow engine and exhaust
system to cool at least two (2)
minutes before refueling.
SAFETY
General Maintenance
• Never operate machine in a closed area.
• Keep all nuts and bolts tight to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check
their proper operation regularly.
• Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other
debris buildup. Clean oil or fuel spillage and
remove any fuel-soaked debris. Allow
machine to cool before storing.
• If you strike a foreign object, stop and inspect
the machine. Repair, if necessary, before
restarting.
• Never make any adjustments or repairs with
the engine running.
8011-515
Never drive the machine in an enclosed space
• Check grass catcher components and the
discharge guard frequently and replace with
manufacturer’s recommended parts, when
necessary.
• Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the blade or
wear gloves, and use extra caution when
servicing them.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and
service as required.
• Maintain or replace safety and instruction
Use protective glasses for
maintenance work.
labels, as necessary.
• Do not modify safety equipment. Check
regularly to be sure it works properly. The
machine must not be driven with defective or
unmounted protective plates, protective
cowlings, safety switches, or other protective
devices.
• Do not change the settings of governors and
avoid running the engine with overly high
engine speeds. If you run the engine too fast,
you risk damaging the machine components.
• Be very careful when handling battery acid.
Acid on skin can cause serious corrosive
burns. If you spill battery acid on your skin,
rinse immediately with water.
• Acid in the eyes can cause blindness,
•
•
contact a doctor immediately.
Be careful when servicing the battery.
Explosive gases form in the battery. Never
perform maintenance on the battery when
smoking or near open flames or sparks.
The battery can explode and cause serious
injury/damage.
WARNING!
The battery contains lead and
lead compounds, chemicals
that are considered to cause
cancer, birth defects, and other
reproductive system damage.
Wash your hands after
handling the battery.
English-13
SAFETY
• Ensure that nuts and bolts, especially the
fastening bolts for the blade attachments, are
properly tightened, torqued and that the
equipment is in good condition.
• Do not modify safety equipment. Check
regularly to be sure it works properly. The
machine must not be driven with defective or
unmounted protective plates, protective
cowlings, safety switches, or other protective
devices.
• Do not change the settings of governors and
avoid running the engine with overly high
engine speeds. If you run the engine too fast,
you risk damaging the machine components.
• Sparking can occur when working with the
battery and the heavy cables of the starter
circuit. This can cause battery explosion, fire
or eye injury. Sparking in this circuit can not
occur after the chassis cable (normally
negative, black) is removed from the battery.
6003-009
Do not smoke when performing maintenance on the
battery. The battery can explode and cause serious injury/
damage.
WARNING!
Avoid electrical sparking and its
consequences by the following
routines:
• Use protective goggles.
• Ensure that the fuel filler cap is mounted
tightly and no flammable substances is
stored in an open vessel.
• Never work with the starter circuit if there is
spilled fuel.
• Disconnect the chassis cable from the
battery first and reconnect it last.
• Do not make a bridge short circuit across the
•
starter relay to run the starter.
Never use the machine indoors or in spaces
lacking proper ventilation. The exhaust fumes
contain carbon monoxide, an odorless,
poisonous, and lethal gas.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you run
over or into anything. If necessary, make
repairs before starting.
• Never make adjustments with the engine
running.
• The machine is tested and approved only
with the equipment originally provided or
recommended by the manufacturer. Only use
approved repair parts for the machine.
English-14
8009-728
Risk of sparking
SAFETY
• The blades are sharp and can cause cuts
and gashes. Wrap the blades or use
protective gloves when handling them.
• Check the parking brake’s functionality
regularly. Adjust and service as necessary.
• The mulch blades should only be used in
familiar areas when higher quality mowing is
desired.
• Reduce the risk of fire by removing grass,
leaves, and other debris that may have
accumulated on the machine. Allow the
machine to cool before putting it in storage.
• Regularly clean deck and underside of deck,
avoid spraying engine and electrical
components with water.
Transport
• The machine is heavy and can cause serious
8011-515
Never drive the machine in an enclosed space
crushing injuries. Be extra cautious when it is
loaded on or unloaded from a vehicle or
trailer.
• Use an approved trailer to transport the
machine. Activate the parking brake, turn off
the fuel supply, and fasten the machine with
approved fastening devices, such as bands,
chains, or straps, when transporting.
• Do not operate this machine on public
roadways.
• Check and abide by local traffic regulations
before transporting the machine on any road.
• Do not tow this machine, it may cause
WARNING!
Escaping hydraulic oil under
pressure can have sufficient
force to penetrate the skin,
causing serious injury. If injured
by escaping fluid, see a doctor
at once. Serious infection or
reaction can develop if proper
medical treatment is not
administered immediately.
damage to the drive system.
• Do not tow any trailers, etc. with this mower.
They may jackknife or overturn causing
damage to the mower and possibly serious
injury to the operator.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The parking brake is not sufficient to
lock the machine in place during
transport. Ensure that the machine is
well fastened to the transport vehicle.
Always reverse the machine onto the
transport vehicle to avoid tipping it over.
English-15
SAFETY
Customer responsibilities
• Read and observe the safety rules.
• Follow a regular schedule in maintaining,
caring for and using your mower.
• Follow the instructions under “Maintenance”
and “Storage” sections of this owner’s
manual.
A spark arrester for the muffler is available through
your authorized Dixon dealer.
English-16
WARNING!
This mower is equipped with an
internal combustion engine and
should not be used on or near
any unimproved forest-covered,
bush-covered or grass-covered
land unless the engine’s exhaust
system is equipped with a spark
arrester meeting applicable local
or state laws (if any). If a spark
arrester is used, it should be
maintained in effective working
order by the operator.
CONTROLS
Controls
This operator’s manual describes the Dixon Zero Turn
Rider. The rider is fitted with either a Briggs & Stratton
or Kohler four-stroke overhead valve engine
developing 16 - 22 horse power.
Transmission from the engine is made via two beltdriven hydraulic pumps, which in turn drive a hydraulic
motor for each drive wheel. Using the left and right
steering controls, the flow is regulated and thereby the
direction and speed.
1
10
4
3
2
9
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Motion Control Levers
Seat Adjustment Lever
Bypass Linkage
Fuel Tank
Ignition Switch
Choke Control
5
7
8
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
6
11
Throttle
Blade Switch
Circuit Breaker
Parking Brake
Lift Lever
English-17
CONTROLS
1. Motion Control Levers
The machine’s speed and direction are continuously
variable using the two steering controls. The steering
controls can be moved forward or backward about a
neutral position. Furthermore, there is a neutral
position, which is locked if the steering controls are
moved outward.
When both controls are in the neutral position (N), the
machine stands still.
By moving both controls an equal amount forward or
backward, the machine moves in a straight line forward
or backward respectively.
In order, for example, to turn right while moving
forward, move the right control towards the neutral
position. The rotation of the right wheel is reduced and
the machine turns to the right.
Zero turn can be achieved by moving one control
backward (behind the neutral position) and carefully
moving the other steering control forward from its
neutral position. The rotation direction when zero
turning is determined by which steering control is
moved backward behind the neutral position. If the left
steering control is pulled backward, the machine turns
to the left. Use extra care when using this maneuver.
Tracking
8050-106
Steering controls
WARNING!
The machine can turn very
rapidly if one steering control is
moved much further forward
than the other.
If the mower is not tracking straight, check the air
pressure in both rear tires. Recommended air pressure
is 15 psi (1 bar). Tracking must be checked on a flat
and level concrete or blacktop surface. If unit still does
not track straight, contact a Dixon dealer for
adjustment.
1
2
4
1. Forward
2. Neutral
3. Neutral slot, Neutral lock
4. Reverse
Motion control lever pattern (right side)
English-18
3
CONTROLS
2. Seat adjustment lever
The seat can be adjusted lengthways. When making
adjustments, sit on the seat. Slide the lever to the side
and maneuver seat to appropriate placement and
release lever.
3. Unlocking Transmission
When pushing or pulling the mower, be sure to engage
the IZT (Integrated Zeroturn Transaxle) bypass
linkages.
8050-165
Seat adjustment
• Always turn off engine before engaging or
disengaging the hydro release (free wheel)
lever. Never attempt to move the lever with
the engine running.
• Lift the seat to access release levers. Push
the hydro release levers toward the rear of
the machine and inward until notches lock in
place on frame. Release park brake.
Push lever in and
lock notch on frame
(2 places)
• To engage the transmissions, move the
release levers outward so they return to
normal position.
8050-767
Bypass linkages
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Before pushing or towing tractor,
transmission must be unlocked and park
brake released. The tractor should never
be pulled at more than 2 miles per hour
(3.2 km/h) or for distances over ¼ mile
(.402 km). Trailer the unit for distances
over ¼ mile.
English-19
CONTROLS
4. Refueling
The machine has one fuel tank, just behind the seat.
The tank capacity is 4.5 gallons (17 liters).
The engine will run on a minimum of 85-octane
unleaded gasoline (no oil mix). Environmentally
adapted alkylate gasoline can be used. See also
Technical Data concerning ethanol fuel. Methanol fuel
is not allowed.
When operating below 32°F (0°C) use fresh, clean
winter grade gasoline to help insure good cold weather
starting.
8050-768
WARNING!
Fuel tank
Gasoline is highly flammable.
Observe caution and fill the tank
outdoors. (See Safety)
WARNING!
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Fill to the bottom of the filler
neck. Do not overfill. Wipe off
any spilled oil or fuel. Do not
store, spill or use gasoline near
an open flame.
Experience indicates that alcohol blended
fuels (called gasohol, ethanol or methanol)
can attract moisture which leads to
separation and formation of acids during
storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel
system of an engine while in storage. To
avoid engine problems, the fuel system
should be emptied before storage of 30
days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the
engine and let it run until the fuel lines and
carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel the
next season. See Storage Instructions for
additional information. Never use engine or
carburetor cleaners in the fuel tank or
permanent damage may occur.
WARNING!
The engine and the exhaust
system, become very hot during
operation.
Risk for burns if touched.
Allow engine and exhaust
system to cool at least two (2)
minutes before refueling.
English-20
CONTROLS
5. Ignition Switch
The ignition key is placed on the driver’s panel and is
used to start and stop the engine.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Do not run the starter for more than five
seconds each time. If the engine does not
start, wait about 10 seconds before
retrying.
Ignition switch
6. Choke Control
The choke is used for cold starts to provide the engine
with a richer fuel mixture.
Two choke options are available, depending on model.
For units with a separate choke control, pull the choke
control knob up. For units with choke/throttle
combinations, push the throttle control all of the way
forward into the indicated slot.
7. Throttle Control
The throttle control regulates the engine speed and
thereby the rate of rotation of the blades, assuming the
blade switch is pulled out, see Engaging the Mower
Deck.
In order to increase or decrease the engine speed, the
control is moved.
Avoid idling the engine for long periods, as there is a
risk of fouling the spark plug.
USE FULL THROTTLE WHEN MOWING, for best
mower performance and battery charging.
Choke control
Choke control and throttle control
English-21
CONTROLS
8. Blade switch
In order to engage the mower deck, pull the knob out;
the mower blades are disengaged when the knob is
depressed.
Blade switch
9. Circuit breaker
The circuit breaker provides protection for the electrical
system by (1) 15 amp circuit breaker. If the circuit
breaker trips, push the button to reset. If the condition
repeats, consult a dealer for inspection and repair.
Circuit breaker
10. Parking Brake
The parking brake is found on the operator’s left. Pull
the lever upward to activate the brake and downward
to release it.
The park brake is designed to hold the mower from
moving and is not intended for use in stopping the
mower while it is in motion. The engine will stop if the
park brake is engaged while the control levers are in
the drive position.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The machine must stand absolutely still
when applying the parking brake. Always
set the parking brake before dismounting.
Release the parking brake before moving
the mower.
English-22
8050-773
Parking brake activated
CONTROLS
11. Mower Deck Cut Height Lift Lever
Located to the right and front of the operator, the lift
lever controls the cutting height. The deck cutting
height is obtained by pressing the foot pedal forward to
lift the deck. To lower the deck, apply pressure to the
top side of the foot pedal and allow it to pivot while
depressing the trigger and moving the lever forward.
Set the desired cut height with pin.
The cutting height range is from 1½" (38 mm) to 5½"
(140 mm) in ½" (13 mm) increments. The heights are
measured from the ground up to the blade tip with the
engine not running.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Always use the high position to transport.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
3
1
2
4
8050-774
1. Lift lever
2. Trigger
3. Set pin
4. Foot pedal
Cut height lift lever and pedal
In order to obtain an even cutting height it
is important that the air pressure in all four
tires is the same 15 psi (1 bar).
English-23
OPERATION
Operation
Read “Safety Instructions” section and following pages, if you are unfamiliar with the machine.
Training
Zero turn mowers are far more maneuverable than typical riding mowers due to their unique steering capabilities.
We suggest that this section be reviewed in its entirety prior to attempting to move the mower under its own power.
Additionally, we suggest when first operating the mower, use a reduced throttle speed and reduced ground speed
by NOT moving control levers to the furthest forward or reverse positions during initial operation, or until operator
becomes comfortable with controls. We also suggest first time users, or new users to Zero Turn mowers to
become familiar with the mower’s movement on a hard surface, such as concrete or blacktop PRIOR to attempting
to operate on turf. Until operator becomes comfortable with mower controls and zero turning capability, they may
damage turf due to overly aggressive maneuvers.
To move forward and backward
The direction and speed of the mower’s movements is effected by the movement of the control lever(s) on each
side of mower. The left control lever controls the left wheel. The right control lever controls the right wheel.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
When control levers are in the reverse
position they return to neutral when
released. This may cause the mower to
suddenly stop.
First time users should push mower (see “Moving by Hand” in the “Operation” section) to an open, flat area,
without other people or vehicles/obstacles nearby. In order to move unit under its own power, the operator must be
in the seat, start engine (see “Before Starting” in “Operation” section), adjust engine speed to idle, disengage
parking brake, do not engage blades at this time, rotate control levers inward. As long as the control levers have
not been moved forward or backwards, mower will not move. Slowly move both control levers forward slightly. This
will allow mower to start moving forward in a straight line. Pull back on control levers to the neutral position and
mower should stop moving. Pull back slightly on control levers, this will allow mower to start moving backwards.
Push forward on control levers to the neutral position and mower should stop moving.
To turn to the right
While moving in a forward direction, pull the right lever back towards the neutral position while maintaining the
position of the left lever, this will slow the rotation of the right wheel and cause the machine to turn in that direction.
To turn to the left
While moving in a forward direction pull the left lever back towards the neutral position while maintaining the
position of the right lever, this will slow the rotation of the left wheel and cause the machine to turn in that direction.
To zero turn
While moving in a forward direction, first pull both control levers back until the mower stops or slows dramatically.
Then by alternating one lever slightly to the forward position and the other in the reverse position.
English-24
OPERATION
Before Starting
•
Read the sections Safety Instructions and
Controls before starting the machine.
• Perform the daily maintenance before
starting (see Maintenance Schedule in the
Maintenance section).
• Check that there is sufficient fuel in the fuel
tank.
• Adjust the seat to the desired position.
The following conditions must be fulfilled before the
engine can be started:
• The driver must be seated on the seat.
•
•
•
The blade switch for engaging the mower
blades must be depressed.
The parking brake must be on.
Both steering controls must be in the locked
(outer) neutral position.
8050-776
Start conditions
Starting the Engine
• Sit on the seat.
• Raise the mower deck by pulling the lifting
lever backward to the locked position
(transport position).
• Activate the parking brake.
8050-779
Raise the mower deck
• Disengage the mower blades by depressing
the blade switch.
Depress the control for disengaging the mower deck
English-25
OPERATION
• Move the steering controls outward to the
locked (outer) neutral position.
8050-777
Steering controls in the outward, locked neutral position
• Move the throttle to the middle position.
• If the engine is cold, the throttle control
should be pushed forward to its choke
position.
Set the throttle
• Press in and turn the ignition key to the start
position.
STOP
8050-780
Turn to the start position
English-26
OPERATION
• When the engine starts, immediately release
the ignition key back to the run position.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Do not run the starter for more than 5
seconds each time. If the engine does not
start, wait about 10 seconds before
retrying.
STOP
8050-781
Return to run position
• Set the desired engine speed with the
throttle.
• Allow the engine to run at a moderate speed,
“half throttle”, for 3-5 minutes before loading
it too heavily.
• USE FULL THROTTLE WHEN MOWING
(no choke).
Set the engine speed
WARNING!
Engine exhaust and certain
vehicle components contain or
emit chemicals considered to
cause cancer, birth defects or
other reproductive system
damage. The engine exhaust
contains carbon monoxide,
which is a odorless, colorless,
poisonous gas. Do not use the
machine in enclosed spaces.
English-27
OPERATION
To start an engine with a weak battery
WARNING!
Lead-acid batteries generate
explosive gases. Keep sparks,
flame and smoking materials
away from batteries. Always
wear eye protection when
around batteries.
If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should
be recharged. (See “Battery” in the Maintenance
Section.)
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Your mower is equipped with a 12-volt
negative grounded system. The other
vehicle must also be a 12-volt negative
grounded system. Do not use your mower
to start other vehicles.
If “jumper cables” are used for emergency starting,
follow this procedure:
To attach jumper cables
• Connect each end of the RED cable to the
POSITIVE (+) terminal on each battery,
taking care not to short against chassis.
• Connect one end of the BLACK cable to the
NEGATIVE (-) terminal of the fully charged
battery.
• Connect the other end of the BLACK cable to
a good CHASSIS GROUND on the mower
with the discharged battery, away from the
fuel tank and battery.
To remove cables, reverse order
• Remove BLACK cable first from chassis and
•
then from the fully charged battery.
Remove RED cable last from both batteries.
English-28
8011-642
Jumper cable connection
OPERATION
Running
1. Release the parking brake by moving the
lever downward.
Your mower is equipped with an operator
presence system. When the engine is
running, any attempt by the operator to leave
the seat without first setting the parking brake
will shut off the engine.
2. Move the steering controls to the neutral
position (N).
8050-783
Released parking brake
3. Select the cutting height using the cutting
height pedal.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The mower deck’s anti-scalp rollers should
be evenly adjusted.
WARNING!
Ensure that no one is near
mower when engaging blade
switch.
8050-784
Cut height selection
4. Engage the mower deck by pulling out the
blade switch.
5. Move throttle control to full throttle (not
choke)
6. The machine’s speed and direction are
continuously variable using the two steering
controls. When both controls are in the
neutral position, the machine stands still.
By moving both controls an equal amount
forward or backward, the machine moves in
a straight line forward or backward
respectively.
8011-669
Engaging the mower deck
English-29
OPERATION
In order, for example, to turn right while
moving forward, move the right control
towards the neutral position. The rotation of
the right wheel is reduced and the machine
turns to the right.
Turning on the spot can be achieved by
moving one control backward (behind the
neutral position) and carefully moving the
other steering control forward from its neutral
position.
Operating on hills
Read the Safety Instructions “Driving on Slopes” in the
“Safety Instructions”.
8050-801
WARNING!
Stopping conditions
Do not drive up or down hills with
slopes greater than 10 degrees.
Do not drive across slopes.
• The slowest speed possible should be used
before starting up or down hills.
• Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.
• If stopping is absolutely necessary, pull drive
levers into the neutral position and push to
the outside of the unit and engage the
parking brake.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Control levers return to neutral when
released. This may cause the mower to
suddenly stop.
• To restart movement, release the parking
brake.
• Pull the control levers back to the center of
the mower and press forward to regain
forward motion.
• Make all turns slowly.
English-30
8050-783
Released parking brake
OPERATION
Mowing Tips
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Observe and flag rocks and other fixed
objects to avoid collisions.
Begin with a high cutting height and reduce
it until the desired mowing result is attained.
The average lawn should be cut to 2½" (64
mm) during the cool season and over 3" (76
mm) during the hot months. For healthier
and better looking lawns, mow often after
moderate growth.
For best cutting performance, grass over 6"
(15 cm) in height should be mowed twice.
Make the first cut relatively high; the second
to the desired height.
The mowing result will be best with a high
engine speed (the blades rotate rapidly) and
low speed (the rider moves slowly). If the
grass is not too long and dense, the driving
speed can be increased without negatively
affecting the mowing result.
The finest lawns are obtained by mowing
often. The lawn becomes more even and the
grass clippings more evenly distributed over
the mown area. The total time taken is not
increased as a higher operating speed can
be used without poor mowing results.
Avoid mowing wet lawns. The mowing result
is poorer because the wheels sink into the
soft lawn, clumps build, and the grass
clippings fasten under the cowling.
Hose the mower deck underside with water
after each use. When cleaning, the mower
deck shall be raised into the transport
position. Make sure the mower is cooled and
the engine is off.
Use compressed air to clean top surface of
the deck. Avoid flooding water on top
surface, engine and electrical components.
When the mulching kit is used, it is important
that the mowing interval is frequent.
WARNING!
Clear the lawn of stones and
other objects that can be thrown
out by the blades.
8011-603
Mowing pattern
WARNING!
Never drive the rider on terrain
that slopes more than 10 degrees.
Mow slopes up and down, never
side to side. Avoid sudden
directional changes.
English-31
OPERATION
Stopping the Engine
Allow the engine to idle a minute in order to attain
normal operating temperature before stopping it, if it
has been worked hard. Avoid idling the engine for
longer periods, as there is a risk of the spark plugs
fouling.
• Disengage the mower deck by depressing
the blade switch.
8011-668
Disengage the mower deck
• Raise the mower deck by depressing the
pedal forward to the transport position.
• When the machine is standing still, activate
the parking brake by pulling the lever
upward.
• Move the throttle to the minimum position
(tortoise symbol). Turn the ignition key to the
stop position.
• Move the steering controls outward.
• Remove key. Always remove key when
leaving the mower to prevent unauthorized
use.
8050-779
Raise the mower deck
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Leaving the ignition switch in any other
position than “OFF” will cause the battery
to be discharged.
English-32
OPERATION
Moving by Hand
WARNING!
Make no adjustments without:
♦ the engine stopped
♦ the ignition key removed
♦ the parking brake activated
Unlocking Transmission
When pushing or pulling the mower, be sure to engage
the IZT (Integrated Zeroturn Transaxle) bypass
linkages.
Push lever in and
lock notch on frame
(2 places)
• Always turn off engine before engaging or
disengaging the hydro release (free wheel)
lever. Never attempt to move the lever with
the engine running.
• Lift the seat to access release levers. Push
the hydro release levers toward the rear of
the machine and inward until notches lock in
place on frame. Release park brake.
• To engage the transmissions, move the
release levers outward so they return to
normal position
8050-767
Bypass linkages
English-33
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance Schedule
The following is a list of maintenance procedures that must be performed on the machine. For those points not
described in this manual, visit an authorized service workshop. An annual service carried out by an authorized
service workshop is recommended to maintain your machine in the best possible condition and to ensure safe
operation.
Read “Maintenance” in the Safety Instructions section.
z
= Described in this manual
‹
= Not described in this manual
1)
First change after 5-8 hours. When operating with a heavy load or at high ambient temperatures, replace every 50 hours.
2)
In dusty conditions, cleaning and
replacement are required more often. 3) Performed by authorized service workshop.
Daily
Maintenance
Weekly At
Least
Once
Each
Year
Page Before After
Check the parking brake
z
Check the engines oil level (every refueling)
z
Check the safety system
z
Check for fuel and oil leakages
‹
Check/clean the engine’s cooling air intake
z
Check the mower deck
z
Check hardware (screws, nuts, etc)
z
Clean under the mower deck
z
Start the engine and blades, listen for unusual sounds
‹
Check for damage
‹
Thoroughly clean around the engine
‹
Clean around belts, belt pulleys, etc.
‹
Maintenance Interval
In Hours
25
Check the tire pressures
z
Check battery
z
Sharpen/replace mower blades
z
Check the fuel pump’s air tilter 2)
z
50
Clean the engine’s cooling air intake 2)
z
z
Clean the air cleaner’s pre filter 2) (foam)
z
z
Clean the air cleaner’s filter cartridge 2) (paper filter)
z
z
Check/adjust the parking brake
‹
‹
Inspect muffler/spark arrester
‹
‹
English-34
100
300
MAINTENANCE
Daily
Weekly At
Least
Once
Each
Year
Maintenance Interval
In Hours
Page Before After
Maintenance
25
50
300
z
Check/adjust throttle cable
Check the condition of belts, belt pulleys, etc.
z
z
Change the engine oil 1)
z
Replace the engine oil filter
z
z
Clean/replace the spark plugs
z
z
Replace the air filter (paper filter) 2)
z
z
z
z
Check the caster wheels (every 200 hours)
1)
100
Clean the cooling fins 2)
‹
Replace the air cleaner’s pre-filter 2) (foam)
z
z
Check/adjust the mower deck
z
z
Check the engine valve clearance 3)
‹
‹
Perform the 300-hour service 3)
‹
‹
First change after 5-8 hours. When operating with a heavy load or at high ambient temperatures, replace every 50 hours.
‹
2)
In dusty conditions, cleaning and
3)
replacement are required more often. Performed by authorized service workshop.
z
= Described in this manual
‹
= Not described in this manual
WARNING!
Before performing any service or adjustment checklist:
• Engage the parking brake.
• Place the Blade-switch in the disengaged position.
• Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
• Disconnect the spark plug wire from all spark plugs and place the wire
where it cannot come in contact with the plug.
English-35
MAINTENANCE
Battery
Your mower is equipped with a maintenance free
battery and does not need servicing. However, periodic
charging of the battery with an automotive type battery
charger will extend its life.
• Keep battery and terminals clean.
• Keep battery bolts tight.
• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour
To clean battery and terminals
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can
cause the battery to “leak” power.
1. Lift seat and rotate forward.
2. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first, then
the RED battery cable and remove the
battery from the machine.
3. Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.
4. Clean terminals and battery cable ends with
wire brush until shiny.
5. Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly
6. Reinstall battery.
Replacing battery
1. Lift seat and rotate forward.
2. Open terminal access doors.
3. Using two ½" wrenches disconnect BLACK
battery cable then RED battery cable.
4. Position deck to lowest setting.
5. Front underside of frame, remove the nuts
that secure the battery hold-down.
6. Carefully remove the battery from the mower.
7. Install new battery with terminals in the same
position as the old battery.
9. Reinstall battery hold-down and secure with
nuts removed in Step 5.
9. First connect RED battery cable to positive
(+) battery terminal with hex bolt and hex nut.
10. Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative
(-) battery terminal with remaining hex bolt
and hex nut.
11. Tighten securely.
12. Lower seat
Always use protective glasses
when handling the battery.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION!
Do not attempt to open or remove caps or
covers. Adding or checking level of
electrolyte is not necessary.
Always use two wrenches for the
terminals screws.
WARNING!
Do not short battery terminals
by allowing the wrench to
contact both terminals at the
sametime. Before connecting
battery, remove metal
bracelets, wristwatch bands,
rings, etc. Positive terminal
must be connected first to
prevent sparks from
accidental grounding.
8050-109
Remove battery hold-down to replace battery
English-36
MAINTENANCE
Ignition System
The engine is equipped with an electronic ignition
system. Only the spark plug requires maintenance.
For recommended spark plug, see Technical Data.
1. Remove the ignition cable boot and clean
around the spark plug.
2. Remove the spark plug with a spark plug
socket wrench.
3. Check the spark plug. Replace the spark
plug if fouled, the electrodes are burned and
if the insulation is cracked or damaged.
Clean the spark plug with a steel brush if it is
to be reused.
4. Measure the electrode gap with a gapping
tool. The gap should be .030" (0.75 mm).
Adjust as necessary by bending the side
electrode.
5. Reinsert the spark plug, turning by hand to
avoid damaging the threads.
6. After the spark plug is seated, tighten it using
a spark plug wrench so that the washer is
compressed. A used spark plug should be
turned 1/8 of a turn from the seated position.
A new spark plug should be turned ¼ turn
from the seated position.
7. Replace the ignition cable.
Checking the Safety System
The machine is equipped with a safety system that
prevents starting or driving under the following
conditions.
The engine can only be started when:
• The mower deck is disengaged.
• The steering controls are in the outer, locked
neutral position.
• The driver is sitting in the driver’s seat.
• The parking brake is on.
Make daily inspections to ensure that the safety
system works by attempting to start the engine when
one of the conditions is not met. Change the
conditions and try again.
If the machine starts when one of these conditions is
not met, turn the machine off and repair the safety
system before using the machine again.
1. Make sure the engine stops when the
parking brake is not engaged and the
operator leaves the seated position.
2. Check that the engine stops if the mower
blades are engaged and the driver
temporarily stands up.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Fitting the wrong spark plug type can
damage the engine.
Inadequately tightened spark plug can
cause overheating and damage the engine.
Tightening the spark plug too hard can
damage the threads in the cylinder head.
0.028-0.031 in
(0.70-0.80 mm)
8011-054
Measure the electrode gap
8050-801
Starting conditions
English-37
MAINTENANCE
Checking the Engine’s Cooling Air Intake
Check that the engine’s cooling air intake is free from
leaves, grass, and dirt.
If the cooling air intake is clogged, engine cooling
deteriorates, which can lead to engine damage.
8011-625
Check and clean the cooling air intake
Checking and Adjusting the Throttle Cable
Check that the engine responds to throttle increases
and that a good engine speed is attained at full throttle.
If doubts arise, contact the service workshop.
If adjustments are necessary, they can be made as
follows for the lower cable:
1. Loosen the clamping screw for the cable’s
outer casing and move the throttle to the full
throttle position.
2. Check that the throttle cable is mounted in
the correct hole in the lower lever, see
illustration.
3. Push the throttle cable’s outer casing as far
to the left as possible and tighten the
clamping screw.
8011-554
Adjusting the throttle cable
Checking and Adjusting the Choke Cable
If the engine produces black smoke or is difficult to
start, this may be because the choke cable is
incorrectly adjusted (upper cable).
If doubts arise, contact the service workshop.
If adjustments are necessary, they can be made as
follows:
1. Loosen the clamping screw for the cable’s
outer casing and move the choke lever to the
full choke position.
2. Check that the choke cable is mounted in the
upper lever, see illustration. Push the choke
cable’s outer casing as far to the right as
possible and tighten the clamping screw.
8011-555
Adjusting the choke cable
English-38
MAINTENANCE
Replacing the Air Filter
If the engine seems weak or runs unevenly, the air
filter may be clogged. If run with a dirty air filter, the
spark plugs can become fouled, disrupting operation.
For this reason, it is important to replace the air filter
regularly (see the heading Maintenance Schedule for
the proper service interval).
WARNING!
The engine and the exhaust
system become very hot
during operation. There is a
risk for burns if touched.
Allow engine and exhaust
system to cool at least two (2)
minutes.
8011-768
Remove the air filter cowling
Cleaning/replacing the air filter is carried out as follows:
1. Remove the plastic fastener on the top of the
air filter cowling and remove the air filter
cowling.
2. Remove the foam rubber pre-filter and clean
using a mild detergent. Squeeze it dry with a
clean cloth.
8011-557
Remove pre-filter
3. Remove the wing nuts for the air filter and
remove the paper filter.
8011-558
Remove paper filter
English-39
MAINTENANCE
IMPORTANT INFORMATION!
Do not use compressed air to clean the
air filter. Do not wash the paper filter. Do
not oil the paper filter.
4. Tap the paper filter against a fixed surface to
remove dust. If the paper filter is still dirty, it
must be replaced.
Refit the air filter as follows:
1. Check that the seal on the bottom of the
paper filter is whole.
2. Mount the paper filter in the air filter housing
and tighten the wing nuts.
3. Refit the pre-filter on the paper filter.
4. Replace the cowling over the air filter
housing. Do not over tighten the plastic
fastener.
8009-181
Remove dust
Replacing the Fuel Filter
Replace the line-mounted fuel filter every 100 hours
(once per season) or more regularly if it is clogged.
Replace the filter as follows:
1. Move the hose clamps away from the filter.
Use flat-nosed pliers.
2. Pull the filter loose from the hose ends.
3. Push the new filter into the hose ends.
Position the filter with the “FLOW” arrow
pointing up toward the carburator. If
necessary, a soap solution can be applied to
the filter ends to ease mounting.
4. Move the hose clamps back toward the filter.
8009-146
Fuel filter
Checking the Fuel Pump’s Air Filter
Regularly check that the fuel pump’s air filter is free
from dirt.
Remove the screws and open the pump, no hoses
need be removed.
The filter can be cleaned with a brush if necessary.
Replace the filter on the console.
8009-147
Fuel pump air filter
English-40
MAINTENANCE
Checking Tire Pressures
All four tires should have a pressure of
15 psi / 103 kPa /1 bar.
Checking the Parking Brake
8009-181
Remove dust
Visually check that no damage is found on the lever,
linages, or switch belonging to the parking brake.
Perform a stand still test and check that there is a
braking action.
To adjust the parking brake, contact the Dixon service
workshop.
WARNING!
Faulty adjustment can cause
an accident.
WARNING!
The machine must be
standing absolutely still when
the park brake is engaged.
8050-773
Parking brake engaged
Checking the V-belts
Deck belt
Inspect every 50 hours of operation. Check for severe
cracking and large nicks.
NOTE: The belt will show some small cracks in
normal operation.
Belt tension is manually adjustable. Turn bolt on deck
eyebolt to adjustment tension.
NOTE: Belt deflection or movement should be
approximately ¼"(6mm) when measured at
midpoint between pulleys. Periodically inspect both
belt and idler systems.
Tension
Eyebolt
Adjusting belt tension
English-41
MAINTENANCE
Deck belt removal
1. Park on a level surface. Apply parking brake.
2. Lower the deck into the lowest cutting
position.
3. Remove bolts from belt shields and remove
shields.
4. Remove any dirt or grass that may have
accumulated around the cutter housings and
entire deck surface.
5. Carefully roll the belt over the top of the
cutter housing pulleys and remove belt.
2
Deck belt installation
NOTE: For ease in installing the deck belt, refer to
the routing decal on bottom of seat.
1. Wrap the deck belt around the electric clutch
pulley that is located on the engine shaft.
2. Route the belt forward between the EZT (ESeries Zeroturn Transaxles) and up onto the
deck.
3. Place belt around spring loaded idler pulley.
4. Wrap the belt around the stationary idler
pulley and around the mandrel housings.
5. Push inward on the idler arm and carefully
route belt over stationary idler pulley. Once
belt is properly routed, slowly release idler
arm to tension belt.
6. Double check belt routing to make sure it
matches the routing decal, and the belt does
not have any twist. Correct as needed.
7. Adjust tension with deck eyebolt.
8. Replace belt shields on both mandrel
housings and secure with fasteners.
1
1
2
1. Clutch pulley
2. Deck belt
Belt routing, deck belt
English-42
8050-773
1. Shield bolts
2. Belt shields
Removing deck belt
8050-773
MAINTENANCE
Pump Belt
3
To replace EZT (E-Series Zeroturn Transaxle) belt
Park the mower on a level surface. Engage the parking
brake.
EZT belt removal
NOTE: Be careful not to damage the fan blades on
the EZT´s as this can affect cooling or damage the
EZT´s
• Remove the deck belt (see Deck Belt
Removal in this section of the manual).
• Create slack in the belt by removing the
spring on the pump idler arm.
• The belt should now be able to be removed
from the engine pulley and EZT pulleys.
Belt installation
• Wrap the EZT belt around the EZT pulleys
• Route the belt around the inside of the idler
pulley.
• Wrap the belt around the engine pulley.
• Reattach the spring on the pump idler arm.
• Install clutch on to engine shaft (pulley side
4
1
2
5
6
1. Pump idler arm spring
2. Pump idler
3. Electric clutch
4. IZT belt
5. Deck belt
6. IZT support
IZT belt
CZ-21
down) make sure key is installed and align
the clutch anti rotation tab into slot on clutch.
Secure clutch, install wire.
• Reinstall the deck belt onto the electric clutch
belt (see Deck Belt Removal in this section of
the manual).
Checking the Blades
In order to attain the best mowing effect, it is important
that the blades are well sharpened and not damaged.
WARNING!
Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or
wrap blades with a heavy
cloth when handling.
• Bent or cracked blades or blades with large
nicks should be replaced.
8011-604
Check the blades
• Check the blade mounts.
Damaged blades should be replaced when hitting
obstacles that result in a breakdown. Let the service
workshop decide whether the blade can be repaired/
ground or must be replaced.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The sharpening of blades should be carried
out by an authorized service workshop.
English-43
MAINTENANCE
Blade replacement
WARNING!
1
3
Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or
wrap blades with a heavy
cloth when handling.
• Remove blade bolt by turning
counterclockwise.
• Install new or re-sharpened blade with
stamped “GRASS SIDE” facing towards
ground/grass (down) or “THIS SIDE UP”
facing deck and cutter housing.
• Install and tighten blade bolt securely.Torque
blade bolt to 27-35 ft/lb (35-45 Nm).
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Special blade bolt is heat treated.
Replace with a Husqvarna bolt if required.
Do not use lower grade hardware than
specified.
English-44
2
5
4
1. Blade
2. Center hole
3. Cutter housing
4. Blade bolt
5. Lockwasher
Blade attachment
8050-802
MAINTENANCE
Adjusting the Mower Deck
WARNING!
Before performing any service or adjustment, check the following list:
1. Engage the parking brake.
2. Place the blade switch in the disengaged position.
3. Turn ignition switch to “OFF” position and remove the key.
4. Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
5. Disconnect the spark plug wire from all spark plugs and place the wire
where it cannot come in contact with the plug.
Check the tire pressure before adjustment of the
mower deck. See “Checking Tire Pressure” in
Maintenance section. Faulty mower deck adjustments
will cause an uneven mowing result.
Front Lift Arm
Rear Lift Arm
Chain
WARNING!
Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or
wrap blades with a heavy
cloth when handling.
Chain
Mounting Bolt
To level deck
Adjust the deck while the mower is on a level surface.
Make sure the tires are inflated to the correct pressure.
See “Technical Data” under Transmission. If tires are
under or over inflated, you cannot properly adjust your
deck.
Four slots control the height and pitch of the mower
deck. The deck should be adjusted slightly higher in
the rear.
Side-to-side adjustment
• Raise the deck into the four inch 4" (102 mm)
cutting position.
• Measure height from the bottom edge of the
deck to the ground at both front corners.
Distance “A” should be the same, or within
3
/16" (5 mm) of an inch.
• If adjustment is necessary, make adjustment
to one side of the deck only. To adjust,
loosen the locknut and move the mounting
bolt up or down in the slot until both side-toside measurements are equal. Recheck
measurements after adjustment.
Slotted Deck
Hanger Plates
Mounting Bolt
Front-to-back adjustment
To obtain the best cutting performance, the deck
should be adjusted so the front tip of the blades are
approximately 1/8" (3.2 mm) to ¼" (6.5 mm) lower than
the rear tip. If the front tip is higher, a poor quality cut
will result.
Check blade height with blade facing front to rear.
Measure distance “B” at the front and rear tip of the
blade.
Before making any necessary adjustments, check to
make sure that the deck is level side-to-side. See “Side
to Side Adjustment” in Maintenance section.
With the deck in the 4" (100 mm) cutting position,
measure the front and rear tip of each blade while
facing front to rear.
To adjust, loosen the jam nut on the yoke, remove the
securing ring and push the clevis pin out while
supporting the deck. To lower that specific corner,
lengthen the rod assembly by turning the yoke counter
clockwise. To raise that specific corner, shorten the rod
assembly by turning the yoke clockwise.
Reinstall clevis pin and recheck dimension.
Once front to back adjustment is correct, reinstall
securing rings and secure jam nuts.
English-45
To adjust anti-scalp rollers
Deck has anti-scalp rollers.
Anti-scalp rollers are properly adjusted when they are
just slightly off of the ground when the deck is at the
desired cutting height in the operating position. Antiscalp rollers then keep the deck in the proper position
to help prevent scalping in most terrain conditions.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Adjust anti-scalp rollers with the mower
on a flat level surface.
1. Adjust the deck to the desired cutting height (see
“TO ADJUST DECK CUTTING HEIGHT” in the
operation section of this manual).
2. Using a ¾" wrench and a 9/16" wrench, remove the
nut and shoulder bolt from the anti-scalp roller.
3. Lower the anti-scalp roller to the ground, and raise
it up to the next highest hole.
4. Replace and tighten the nut and shoulder bolt.
5. Be sure to adjust all of the anti-scalp rollers to the
same position.
6. Be sure to readjust the anti-scalp rollers if the
cutting height is changed.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The anti-scalp rollers must not be used
for gauge wheels or the roller and deck
may be damaged.
Cleaning and Washing
Regular cleaning and washing, especially under the
mower deck, will increase the machine’s lifespan.
Make it a habit to clean the machine directly after use
(after it is cooled), before the dirt sticks.
Do not spray water on the top of the mower deck. Use
compressed air to clean the top side of mower deck.
Regulary clean deck and underside of deck, avoid
spraying engine and electrical components with water.
Use protective glasses when
cleaning and washing.
Cleaning
Do not rinse hot surfaces with cold water. Let unit cool
before washing.
English-46
8050-092
Caster Wheels
Check every 200 hours. Lift front of unit off of ground
so caster wheels can rotate freely. Tighten caster bolt
then back off ½ turn. Check that wheel rotates freely. If
wheel does not rotate freely back the caster bolt off in
¼ turn increments until wheel rotates freely.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
DO NOT add any type of tire liner or foam
fill material to the tires. Excessive loads
created by foam filled tires will cause
premature failures.
1
Foam filled tires or solid tires will void the warranty.
2
3
Only use O.E.M. specified tires.
Caster wheels
Hardware
1. Nut
2. Bolt
3. Sleeve
Check daily. Inspect the entire machine for loose or
missing hardware.
Parking brake
To adjust parking brake
Jack up unit and support properly with jack stands.
Allow clearance to work at rear transaxles. Before
making any adjustments:
Set park brake.
Measure the distance between the rod swivel pin and
the brake arm washer. With the brake engaged, there
should be a gap of 1/8" to 1/2" (3 mm to 13 mm)
between the swivel pin and the brake arm washer.
If measurement is out of range adjust as follows:
Disengage park brake lever. Remove retaining clip and
remove brake arm by pulling horizontally from the IZT
splined shaft.
3
2
1
Rotate brake arm on spline “rearward” to increase
brake tension. Rotate the brake arm one spline
“forward” to decrease brake arm tension.
Reinstall the retaining clip and recheck gap between
rod swivel pin and brake rod washer. Repeat the
procedure on the other IZT.
8050-160
1. Gap 1/8" to ½" between swivel and washer
2. Retaining clip
3. Brake arm
Park brake
English-47
MAINTENANCE
Tracking adjustment
If the mower is not tracking straight, check the air
pressure in both rear tires. Recommended air pressure
is 15 psi (1 bar). If the unit will not track straight, follow
the steps below. Tracking must be checked on a flat
and level concrete or blacktop surface.
Mower is tracking to the right.
Increase the air pressure 2-3 psi (0.1-0.2 bar) in the
right rear tire or decrease the air pressure 2/3 psi in
the left rear tire.
Mower is tracking to the left.
Increase the air pressure 2-3 psi (0.1-0.2 bar) in the
left rear tire or decrease the air pressure 2/3 psi in the
right rear tire.
Recheck tracking and keep making adjustments with
the tire pressure until the unit tracks straight.
DO NOT exceed maximum recommended tire
pressure 24 psi (1.6 bar).
Record the tire pressure for future reference.
English-48
LUBRICATION
Lubrication
Lubrication Schedule
7
*
8011-672-3
12/12 Every year
1/52 Every Week
1/365 Every day
Lubricate with grease gun
Oil change
Lubricate with oil can
Level check
Filter change
*Change transaxles (transmission) filters.
General
Remove the ignition key to prevent unintentional movements during lubrication.
When lubricating with an oil can, it must be filled with engine oil.
When lubricating with grease, unless otherwise stated, use a high grade molybdenum disulfide grease.
For daily use, the machine should be lubricated twice weekly.
Wipe away excess grease after lubrication.
It is important to avoid getting lubricant on the belts or the drive surfaces on the belt pulleys. Should this happen,
attempt to clean them with spirits. If the belt continues to slip after cleaning, it must be replaced. Gasoline or other
petroleum products must not be used to clean belts.
English-49
LUBRICATION
Lubricating the Cables
If possible, grease both ends of the cables and move the controls to end stop positions when lubricating. Refit the
rubber covers on the cables after lubrication. Cables with sheaths will bind if they are not lubricated regularly. If a
cable binds, it can disrupt operation.
If a cable binds, remove the cable and hang it vertically. Lubricate it with light engine oil until the oil begins to
escape from the bottom.
Tip: Fill a small plastic bag with oil and tape it so that it seals against the sheath and allow the cable to hang
vertically from the bag overnight. If you do not succeed in lubricating the cable, it must be replaced.
Lubricating in Accordance with the
Lubrication Schedule
Front Wheel Mount
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk for each
wheel mount, until the grease is forced out.
Use only good quality bearing grease.
Grease from well-known brand names
(petrochemical companies, etc.) usually maintains a
good quality.
Front Wheel Bearings
8011-731
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk for each set of
wheel bearings, until the grease is forced out.
Lubricating the front wheels
Use only good quality bearing grease.
Deck spindle
Lower the cutting deck completely.
If you use grease gun without rubber hose, the foot
plate must be removed.
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk, 2-3 strokes.
Use only good quality bearing grease.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Use minimal lubrication and remove excess
lubricant so that is does not come into contact
with belts or belt pulley drive surfaces.
English-50
8011-732
Deck spindle
LUBRICATION
Deck outer spindle
Lubricate using a grease gun, one zerk, each side 23 strokes.
Use only good quality bearing grease.
Engine Oil
Changing the Engine Oil
The engine oil should be changed for the first time
after 5-8 hours of operation. Thereafter, it should be
changed every 50 hours.
WARNING!
Engine oil can be very hot if it is
drained directly after stopping
the engine. Allow the engine to
cool somewhat first.
1.
Place the machine on a flat surface.
2.
Place a container under the engine where the
hose from the oil drain valve exits.
3.
Remove the dipstick and open the drain valve.
4.
Allow the oil to run out into the container.
5.
Then close the oil drain valve.
6.
Replace the oil filter if necessary.
7.
Fill with new engine oil in accordance with
Checking the Oil Level.
8.
Start the engine. Run it for a few seconds. Stop
and re-check the oil level.
Deck outer spindle
8011-733
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Used engine oil is a health hazard and must not
be disposed of on the ground or in nature; it
should always be disposed of at a workshop or
appropriate disposal location.
Avoid skin contact; wash with soap and water
in case of spills.
8011-730
Oil drain valve
English-51
LUBRICATION
Checking the Oil Level
Check the oil level in the engine when the
machine is standing level and the engine is
stopped.
Remove the dipstick, wipe it clean, and then
replace it.
The dipstick should be screwed into place.
Take the dipstick out again and read the oil
level.
8011-500
Remove the dipstick
The oil level should lie between the markings
on the dipstick. If the level is approaching the
“ADD” mark, fill the oil to the “FULL” mark on
the dipstick.
Never fill to above the “FULL” mark.
The oil is filled through the hole for the
dipstick.
8009-159
The dipstick markings
API class SF, SG, SH, SJ or higher must
be used. Syntetic oil SAE 5W-30 or
10W-30 is recommended at all
temperatures. Mineral oil SAE 5W-30,
10W-30 can be used between
-18 °C/0 °F and +5 °C/40 °F. At
temperature above +5 °C/40 °F single
grade SAE 30 must be used.
The engine holds 0.88 qt (1.0 liters) of oil
excluding the filter, including filter 2 qt
(1.9 liters).
English-52
LUBRICATION
Changing the Engine Oil Filter
1.
Drain the engine oil in accordance with the work
description under the heading Engine Oil/
Change Engine Oil.
2.
Remove the oil filter. If necessary, use a filter
remover.
3.
Wipe new, clean engine oil onto the seal for the
new filter.
4.
Mount the filter by hand with + 3/4 turn.
5.
Run the engine warm, then check that there are
no leaks around the oil filter seal.
6.
Check the oil level in the engine, fill if necessary.
The oil filter holds
7.
0.1 qt (0.1 liters) of oil.
8011-734
Changing the oil filter
*Transaxle (Transmission) Fluid Change
This transaxle is designed with an external filter for
ease of maintenance. To ensure constant fluid
quality levels and longer life an oil filter change
interval of every 200 hours is recommended.
The following procedure can be performed with the
transaxles installed in the vehicle, and the vehicle on
level ground. Apply the bypass valve for each
transaxle and lock the vehicle parking brake.
1.
Remove the three ¼" filter guard screws and
filter guard. Clean any loose debris from around
the perimeter of the filter. See illustrations.
2.
Place an oil drain pan (12" or more diameter and
8 qt. capacity is optimal) beneath the oil filter.
Remove the oil filter from the transaxle.
3.
After the oil has drained, wipe the filter base
surface off and apply a film of new oil to the
gasket of the new replacement filter.
4.
Install the new filter by hand, turn ¾ to one full
turn after the filter gasket contacts the filter base
surface.
5.
Re-install the filter guard with the three ¼"
screws. Torque screws to 65 in/lbs. each.
6.
Repeat steps on the opposite side of transaxle
drive.
1
1. Filter (guard removed)
8019-011
Changing the oil filter
English-53
LUBRICATION
7.
8.
9.
Drain old oil filters of all free flowing oil prior to
disposal. Place used oil in appropriate
containers and dispose of it in accordance with
laws in your area.
1
2
Remove the top port plug (see illustration) from
the left side and right side of the transaxles prior
to filling with oil. This will allow the transaxles to
vent during oil fill.
3
Remove the cap from the transaxles’ expansion
tank located on the vehicle frame.
10. Fill with 20W50 motor oil until oil just appears at
the bottom of each transaxles’ top port
(approximately 2 quarts per transaxle, 4 quarts
total). Install the top port lug into each transaxle
as the oil level reaches this port.
4
1. Filter
2. Top Port Plug
3. Filter Guard
4. Screws
11. Install and torque the top port plugs to 180 in./
lbs.
12. Continue to fill the transaxles through the
expansion tank until the “Full Cold” line is
reached (this will take approximately 23
additional ounces).
8019-010
Changing the oil filter
13. Re-install the expansion tank cap by hand. Be
careful to not overtighten.
14. Proceed to the purge procedure.
2
1
3
1. Expansion Tank
2. Cap
3. Transaxles
Expansion Tank
English-54
8019-012
LUBRICATION
Purging Procedures
Due to the effects air has on efficiency in hydrostatic
drive applications, it is critical that it is purged from
the system.
These purge procedures should be implemented any
time a hydrostatic system has been opened to
facilitate maintenance or any additional oil has been
added to the system.
The resulting symptoms in hydrostatic systems may
be:
1.
Noisy operation.
2.
Lack of power or drive after short term
operation.
3.
High operation temperature and excessive
expansion of oil.
Before starting, make sure the transaxle is at the
proper oil level. If it is not, fill to the specifications
outlined earlier.
The following procedures are best performed with
the vehicle drive wheels off the ground. Then
repeated under normal operating conditions.
1.
Disengage the brake if activated.
2.
With the bypass valve open and the engine
running at fast idle, slowly move the directional
control in both forward and reverse directions
(5 or 6 times). As air is purged from the unit, the
oil level will drop.
3.
With the bypass valve closed and the engine
running, slowly move the directional control in
both forward and reverse directions (5 to 6
times). Check the oil level, and add oil as
required after stopping the engine.
4.
It may be necessary to repeat Steps 2 and 3
until all the air is completely purged from the
system. When the transaxle operates at normal
noise levels and moves smoothly forward and
reverse at normal speeds, then the transaxle is
considered purged.
5.
After the vehicle has been used two times, the
oil level should be checked while the oil is cold
and adjusted accordingly.
English-55
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE
Trouble Shooting Guide
Problem
Cause
The engine will not start.
•
•
The blade switch is engaged.
•
•
•
•
•
The driver is not sitting in the driver’s seat.
•
Clogged fuel filter or fuel line.
•
•
Dead battery.
•
•
•
Fuse blown.
The starter does not turn the engine over.
The steering controls are not locked in the neutral
position.
The parking brake is not activated.
The battery is dead.
Contamination in the carburetor or fuel line.
The fuel supply is closed or the shut-off valve for
the fuel tank is in the wrong position.
Poor contacts on the battery terminal cable
connections.
Ignition system faulty.
Fault in the starter safety circuit.
See Checking the Safety System in the
“Maintenance Section,”
The engine runs rough.
English-56
•
•
•
•
Faulty carburetor.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The cylinder head bolts are loose.
The choke control is pulled out with a warm engine.
Defective valves.
Defective piston, cylinder, piston ring, or
cylinder head seal.
Clogged fuel filter or jet.
Clogged ventilation valve on the fuel cap.
Fuel tank nearly empty.
Defective spark plugs.
The spark plugs are loose.
Defective ignition cable.
Defective spark plug electrode.
Defective spark plug connection.
Rich fuel mixture or fuel-air mixture.
Wrong fuel type.
Water in the fuel.
Clogged air filter.
Air trapped in hydraulic system.
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE
The engine seems weak.
The engine overheats.
Battery not charging.
The machine moves slowly, unevenly, or not at all.
Mower deck not engaging.
Transaxle leaks oil.
•
Clogged air filter.
•
Defective spark plugs.
•
Carburetor incorrectly adjusted.
•
Air trapped in hydraulic system.
•
Clogged air intake or cooling fins.
•
Engine overloaded.
•
Poor ventilation around engine.
•
Defective engine speed regulator.
•
Soot in the combustion chamber.
•
Too little or no oil in the engine.
•
Defective spark plugs.
•
Pre-ignition incorrect.
•
Air trapped in hydraulic system.
•
Poor contact with battery terminal cable
connectors.
•
Parking brake on.
•
Bypass valve on pump open.
•
Drive belt for the transmission gears slack or has
come off.
•
Air trapped in hydraulic system.
•
Drive belt for the mower deck has come loose.
•
Contact for the electromagnetic coupling has
loosened.
•
The blade switch is faulty or has come loose,
from the cable contact.
•
The fuse has blown.
•
Damaged seals, housing, or gaskets.
•
Air trapped in hydraulic system.
English-57
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE
Uneven mowing results.
The machine vibrates.
English-58
•
Different air pressure in the tires on the left and
right sides.
•
Bent blades.
•
The suspension for the mower deck is uneven.
•
The chain fixture has come loose.
•
The blades are dull.
•
Driving speed too high.
•
The grass is too long.
•
Grass collected under the mower deck.
•
The blades are loose.
•
The blades are incorrectly balanced.
•
The engine is loose.
STORAGE
Storage
To ready the machine for storage, follow these steps:
Winter Storage
1. Thoroughly clean the machine, especially under
the mower deck. Touch up damage to the paint
and spray a thin layer of oil on the underside of
the mower deck to avoid corrosion.
At the end of the mowing season, the machine should
be readied for storage (or if it will not be in use for
longer than 30 days). Fuel allowed to stand for long
periods of time (30 days or more) can leave sticky
residues that can plug the carburetor and disrupt
engine function.
Fuel stabilizers are an acceptable option as regards to
the sticky residues that can occur during storage.
Add stabilizer to the fuel in the tank or in the storage
container. Always use the mixing ratios specified by
the manufacturer of the stabilizer. Run the engine for
at least 10 minutes after adding the stabilizer so that it
reaches the carburetor. Do not empty the fuel tank
and the carburetor if you have added stabilizer
2. Inspect the machine for worn or damaged parts
and tighten any nuts or screws that may have
become loose.
3. Change the engine oil; dispose of properly.
4. Empty the fuel tanks or add a fuel stabilizer. Start
the engine and allow it to run until the carburetor
is drained of fuel or the stabilizer has reached the
carburetor.
5. Remove the spark plug and pour about a
tablespoon of engine oil into the cylinder. Turn
over the engine so that the oil is evenly distributed
and then refit the spark plug.
6. Lubricate all grease zerks, joints, and axles.
7. Remove the battery. Clean, charge, and store the
battery in a cool place, but protect it from direct
cold.
WARNING!
Never store an engine with fuel in
the tank indoors or in poorly
ventilated spaces where fuel vapor
can come in contact with open
flames, sparks, or a pilot light such
as in a boiler, hot water tank,
clothes drier, etc. Handle the fuel
with care. It is very flammable and
can cause serious personal injury
and property damage. Drain the
fuel into an approved container
outdoors and far away from open
flame. Never use gasoline for
cleaning. Use a degreaser and
warm water instead.
8. Store the machine in a clean, dry place and cover
it for extra protection.
Service
When ordering spare parts, please specify the
purchase year, model, type, and serial number.
Always use genuine Dixon spare parts.
An annual check-up at an authorized service
workshop is a good way to ensure that your machine
performs its best the following season.
English-59
WIRING DIAGRAMS
Wiring diagram
English-60
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical Data
ZTR 44 / 968999538
ZTR 36 / 968999539
Engine
Manufacturer
Kohler
Briggs & Stratton
Type
Courage
Intek
Power
20 hp
16 hp
Lubrication
Pressure with oil filter
Pressure with oil filter
Oil capacity incl filter
1.6 qt (1.5 liters)
1.3 qt (1.3 liters)
Engine oil, Synthetic
Engine oil, Mineral Class
SAE 10W30
(winter SAE SW-30
API, SJ, SH, SG
SAE 5W30, 10W30
SAE 30, (winter 10W30)
API, SF, SJ, SH, SG
Fuel
Min 87 octane, unleaded
(Max methanol 10%, max
MTBE 15%)
Min 86 octane unleaded
(Max methanol 5%, max
ethanol 10%, Max MTBE 15%)
Fuel tank capacity
4.5 gallon (17 liters)
4.5 gallon (17 liters)
Spark plugs/gap
Champion RC124C
030" / 0.75 mm
NGK - BPR4ES
.030" / 0.75 mm
Cooling
Air cooling
Air cooling
Air filter
Standard
Standard
Alternator
12V 16A
12V 16A
Starter
Electric 12V
Electric 12V
Transmission
ZT2800 Hydro-Gear
ZT2800 Hydro-Gear
Speed and direction controls
Dual levers, foam gripped
Dual levers, foam gripped
Speed forward
7mph
7mph
Speed reverse
6mph
6mph
Brakes
Mechanical parking brake
Mechanical parking brake
Front caster tires, smooth tread
11 x 4-5, 4 ply
11 x 4-5, 4 ply
Rear tires, Turf pneumatic
18 x 9.5-8
18 x 7.5-8
Tire pressure, front and rear
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
Oil capacity excl filter
Transmission
English-61
TECHNICAL DATA
ZTR 44 / 968999538
ZTR 36 / 968999539
Equipment
Cutting width
44"
36"
Cutting height
1.5" - 4.5"
1.5" - 4.5"
Uncut circle
0
0
Number of blades
3
2
Blade length
14.97"
18.5"
Nose rollers
Yes
Yes
Michigan Seat
Standard
Standard
Hinged armrests
Yes
Yes
Hour meter
Standard
Standard
Blade engagement
Electric clutch
Electric clutch
Deck construction
11 gauge w/10 gauge skirts
11 gauge w/10 gauge skirts
3.1 acres / hr
2.55 acres / hr
Weight
590 lbs
538 lbs
Base machine length
70.5"
70.5"
Base machine width
44.5"
40.0"
Base machine height
43.25"
43.25"
Overall width, chute up
46.25
40.5
Overall width, chute down
58.0"
51.0"
Productivity
Productivity
Overall dimensions
English-62
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical Data
ZTR 36 / 968999609
ZTR 44 / 968999611
Engine
Manufacturer
Briggs & Stratton
Briggs & Stratton
Type
Intek
ELS
Power
16 hp
22 hp
Lubrication
Pressure with oil filter
Pressure with oil filter
Oil capacity excl filter
1.3 qt (1.31 liters)
1.875 qts (1.8 liters)
Oil capacity incl filter
1.5 qt (1.42 liters)
2 qt (1.91 liters)
Engine oil, Synthetic
Engine oil, Mineral Class
SAE 5W30, 10W30
SAE 30, (winter 10w30)
API, SF, SJ, SH, SG
SAE 5W30, 10W30
SAE 30, (winter 10W30)
API, SF, SJ, SH, SG
Fuel
Min 86 octane unleaded
(Max methanol 5%, max
ethanol 10%, Max MTBE 15%)
Min 86 octane unleaded
(Max methanol 5%, max
ethanol 10%, Max MTBE 15%)
Fuel tank capacity
4.5 gallon (17 liters)
4.5 gallon (17 liters)
Spark plugs/gap
NGK - BPR4ES
.030" / 0.75 mm
NGK - BPR4ES
.030" / 0.75 mm
Cooling
Air cooling
Air cooling
Air filter
Standard
Standard
Alternator
12V 16A
12V 16A
Starter
Electric 12V
Electric 12V
Transmission
ZT2800 Hydro-Gear
ZT2800 Hydro-Gear
Speed and direction controls
Dual levers, foam gripped
Dual levers, foam gripped
Speed forward
7mph
7mph
Speed reverse
6mph
6mph
Brakes
Mechanical parking brake
Mechanical parking brake
Transmission
Front caster tires, smooth tread
11 x 4-5, 4 ply
11 x 4-5, 4 ply
Rear tires, Turf pneumatic
18 x 7.5-8
18 x 9.5-8
Tire pressure, front and rear
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
English-63
TECHNICAL DATA
ZTR 36 / 968999609
ZTR 44 / 968999611
Equipment
Cutting width
36"
44"
Cutting height
1.5" - 4.5"
1.5" - 4.5"
Uncut circle
0
0
Number of blades
2
3
Blade length
18.5"
14.97"
Nose rollers
Yes
Yes
American Craftsman Seat
Standard
Standard
Hinged armrests
Yes
Yes
Hour meter
Standard
Standard
Blade engagement
Electric clutch
Electric clutch
Deck construction
11 gauge w/10 gauge skirts
11 gauge w/10 gauge skirts
2.55 acres / hr
3.11 acres / hr
Weight
538 lbs
590 lbs
Base machine length
70.5"
70.5"
Base machine width
40.0"
44.5"
Base machine height
43.25"
43.25"
Overall width, chute up
40.5"
46.25"
Overall width, chute down
51"
58"
Productivity
Productivity
Overall dimensions
English-64
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical Data
ZTR 42 / 968999689
ZTR 42 / 968999713
Engine
Manufacturer
Briggs & Stratton
Briggs & Stratton
Type
Intek
ELS
Power
19 hp
19 hp
Lubrication
Pressure with oil filter
Pressure with oil filter
Oil capacity excl filter
1.3 qt (1.31 liters)
1.3 qt (1.3 liters)
Oil capacity incl filter
1.5 qt (1.42 liters)
1.5 qt (1.42 liters)
Engine oil, Synthetic
Engine oil, Mineral Class
SAE 5W30, 10W30
SAE 30, (winter 10w30)
API, SF, SJ, SH, SG
SAE 5W30, 10W30
SAE 30, (winter 10W30)
API, SF, SJ, SH, SG
Fuel
Min 86 octane unleaded
(Max methanol 5%, max
ethanol 10%, Max MTBE 15%)
Min 86 octane unleaded
(Max methanol 5%, max
ethanol 10%, Max MTBE 15%)
Fuel tank capacity
4.5 gallon (17 liters)
4.5 gallon (17 liters)
Spark plugs/gap
NGK - BPR4ES
.030" / 0.75 mm
NGK - BPR4ES
.030" / 0.75 mm
Cooling
Air cooling
Air cooling
Air filter
Standard
Standard
Alternator
12V 16A
12V 16A
Starter
Electric 12V
Electric 12V
Transmission
ZT2800 Hydro-Gear
ZT2800 Hydro-Gear
Speed and direction controls
Dual levers, foam gripped
Dual levers, foam gripped
Speed forward
7mph
7mph
Speed reverse
6mph
6mph
Brakes
Mechanical parking brake
Mechanical parking brake
Front caster tires, smooth tread
11 x 4-5, 4 ply
11 x 4-5, 4 ply
Rear tires, Turf pneumatic
18 x 8.5-8
18 x 8.5-8
Tire pressure, front and rear
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
Transmission
English-65
TECHNICAL DATA
ZTR 42 / 968999689
ZTR 42 / 968999713
Equipment
Cutting width
42"
42"
Cutting height
1/5" - 4.5"
1/5" - 4.5"
Uncut circle
0
0
Number of blades
2
2
Blade length
21"
21"
Nose rollers
No
Yes
Michigan Seat
Standard
Standard
Hinged armrests
Yes
Yes
Hour meter
Standard
Standard
Blade engagement
Electric clutch
Electric clutch
2.97 acres /hr
2.97 acres /hr
Weight
530 lbs
530 lbs
Base machine length
70.5"
70.5"
Base machine width
42.55"
42.55"
Base machine height
43.25"
43.25"
Overall width, chute up
43.5"
43.5"
Overall width, chute down
48.25"
48.25"
Deck construction
Productivity
Productivity
Overall dimensions
English-66
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical Data
ZTR 44 / 968999547
Engine
Manufacturer
Briggs & Stratton
Type
ELS
Power
22 hp
Lubrication
Pressure with oil filter
Oil capacity excl filter
1.875 qt (1.8 liters)
Oil capacity incl filter
2 qt (1.91 liters)
Engine oil, Synthetic
Engine oil, Mineral Class
SAE 5W30, 10W30
SAE 30, (winter 10w30)
API, SF, SJ, SH, SG
Fuel
Min 86 octane unleaded
(Max methanol 5%, max
ethanol 10%, Max MTBE 15%)
Fuel tank capacity
4.5 gallon (17 liters)
Spark plugs/gap
NGK - BPR4ES
.030" / 0.75 mm
Cooling
Air cooling
Air filter
Standard
Alternator
12V 16A
Starter
Electric 12V
Transmission
Transmission
ZT2800 Hydo-Gear
Speed and direction controls
Dual levers, foam gripped
Speed forward
7mph
Speed reverse
6mph
Brakes
Mechanical parking brake
Front caster tires, smooth tread
11 x 4-5, 4 ply
Rear tires, Turf pneumatic
18 x 9.5-8
Tire pressure, front and rear
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
English-67
TECHNICAL DATA
ZTR 44 / 968999547
Equipment
Cutting width
44"
Cutting height
1.5" - 4.5"
Uncut circle
0
Number of blades
3
Blade length
14.97"
Nose rollers
Yes
American Craftsman Seat
Standard
Hinged armrests
Yes
Hour meter
Standard
Blade engagement
Electric clutch
Deck construction
11 gauge w/10 gauge skirts
Productivity
Productivity
3.1 acres /hr
Overall dimensions
Weight
590 lbs
Base machine length
70.5"
Base machine width
44.55"
Base machine height
43.25"
Overall width, chute up
46.25"
Overall width, chute down
58"
English-68
TECHNICAL DATA
Accessories
BioClip attachment (Mulch kit)
Collection system
Torque Specifications
·Engine crankshaft bolt
50 ft/lb (67 Nm)
·Deck pulley bolts
45 ft/lb (61 Nm)
·Lug nuts
75 ft/lb (100 Nm)
·Blade bolt
45-55 ft/lb (60-75 Nm)
·Standard ¼" fasteners
9 ft/lb (12 Nm)
·Standard 5/16" fasteners
18 ft/lb (25 Nm)
·Standard 3/8" fasteners
33 ft/lb (44 Nm)
·Standard 7/16" fasteners
52 ft/lb (70 Nm)
·Standard ½" fasteners
80 ft/lb (110 Nm)
When this product is worn out and no longer used, it should be returned to the reseller or other party for recycling.
In order to implement improvements, specifications and designs can be altered without prior
notification.
Note that no legal demands can be placed based on the information contained in these
instructions.
Use only original parts for repairs. The use of other parts voids the warranty.
Do not modify or install non-standard equipment to the unit without consent from the
manufacturer. Modifications to the unit may cause unsafe operations or damage the unit.
English-69
CONFORMITY CERTIFICATES
Conformity Certificates
USA requirements
Labels are placed on the engine and/or in the engine compartment stating that the machine will fulfill the
requirements. This is also applicable to special requirements for any of the states, (California emission rules
etc.). Do not remove any of these labels. Certificates can also be supplied with the machine at delivery or written
in the Engine manual. Take care of them as they are valuable documents.
CE requirements
Vibration data corresponding to Directive 2002/44/EC is given in the Technical Data Section.
The Declaration of Conformity is included in the literature packet.
English-70
SERVICE JOURNAL
Service Journal
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
Delivery Service
1. Charge the battery.
2. Adjust the tire pressure of all wheels to 15 PSI (1 bar).
3. Mount the steering controls in the normal position.
4. Connect the contact box to the cable for the seat’s
safety switch.
5. Check that the right amount of oil is in the engine.
6. Adjust the position of the steering controls.
7. Fill with fuel and open the fuel shut off valve.
8. Start the engine.
9. Check that there is drive to both wheels.
10. Check the mower deck adjustment.
11. Check:
The safety switch for the parking brake.
The safety switch for the mower deck.
The safety switch in the seat.
The safety switch in the steering controls.
Parking brake functionality.
Driving forward.
Driving backward.
Engaging the blades.
12. Check the idle speed
13. Check the engine high idle speed
14. Inform the customer about:
Delivery service has been carried out.
The need and advantages of following the service schedule.
No remaining notes.
The need and advantages of leaving the machine
Certified:
for service every 300 hours.
The effects of service and maintaining a service journal on
the machine’s resale value.
Application areas for Mulching.
15. Fill in the sales papers, etc.
English-71
SERVICE JOURNAL
After the First 5-8 Hours
1. Change engine oil.
English-72
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
25-Hour Service
1. Check the fuel pump’s air filter.
2. Sharpen/Replace mower blades if required.
3. Check the tire pressures.
4. Check battery with cables.
5. Lubricate according to lubrication chart.
6. Check/clean the engine’s cooling air intake.
7. Clean the air cleaner’s pre-filter (foam).
English-73
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
50-Hour Service
1. Perform the 25-hour service.
2. Clean/replace the air cleaner’s filter cartridge (paper filter)
(shorter intervals for dusty operating conditions).
3.
Change engine oil.
4. Lubricate according to lubrication chart.
5. Check/adjust the parking brake.
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
100-Hour Service
1. Perform the 25-hour service.
2. Perform the 50-hour service.
3. Change the engine oil filter.
4. Clean/replace the spark plugs.
5. Replace the fuel filter.
6. Clean the cooling fins on the engine and transmission.
7.
Check V-belts.
8.
Check tighten caster wheel axle bolts (every 200 hours).
9. Change the air filter’s paper cartridge.
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
300-Hour Service
1. Inspect the machine. Come to agreement with the customer
as to which additional work is to be carried out.
2. Perform the 25-hour service.
3. Perform the 50-hour service.
4. Perform the 100-hour service.
5. Check/adjust the mower deck.
6. Clean the combustion chamber and grind the valve seats.
7. Check the engine valve clearance.
8. Replace the air cleaner’s pre-filter (foam).
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
At Least Once Each Year
1. Clean the engine’s cooling air intake (25 hours).
2. Replace the air cleaner’s pre-filter (foam) (300 hours).
3. Replace the air filter’s paper cartridge.
4. Change the engine oil (50 hours).
5. Replace the engine oil filter (100 hours).
6. Check/adjust the cutting height.
7. Check/adjust the parking brake (50 hours).
8. Clean/Change the spark plugs (100 hours).
9. Change the fuel filter (100 hours).
10. Clean the cooling fins (100 hours).
11. Check the engine valve clearance.
12. Perform the 300-hour service at an authorized service workshop.
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
Part No. 539 131911 Rir (07/27/07)