HP XM600 - Kayak - 128 MB RAM Specifications

HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation
Technical Reference Manual
Notice
The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice.
Hewlett-Packard makes no warranty of any kind with regard to this
material, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
Hewlett-Packard shall not be liable for errors contained herein or for incidental
or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, performance, or
use of this material.
Hewlett-Packard assumes no responsibility for the use or reliability of its
software on equipment that is not furnished by Hewlett-Packard.
This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright.
All rights are reserved. No part of this document may be photocopied,
reproduced, or translated to another language without the prior written consent
of Hewlett-Packard Company.
Adaptec® is a registered trademark of Adaptec, Inc.
Adobe and Acrobat are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
ELSA®and Synergy® are registered trademarks of ELSA AG, Aachen
and/or ELSA Inc., Santa Clara.
Matrox® is a registered trademark of Matrox Electronic Systems Ltd.
Microsoft®, Windows® and MS-DOS® are registered trademarks of the
Microsoft Corporation.
Windows NT® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Pentium® , and AGPsetTM are trademarks of Intel Corporation.
WOLTM (Wake on LAN) is a trademark of IBM.
Hewlett-Packard France
Business Desktop Division (BDD)
Outbound Marketing Communications
38053 Grenoble Cedex 9
France
2000 Hewlett-Packard Company
Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
Bibliography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Package for the Desktop Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
Front and Side Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
13
Package for the Minitower Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
Front and Side Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
15
Internal Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop Front Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop Specifications and Characteristics .
18
Desktop Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Desktop Electrical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Desktop Power Consumption and Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Desktop Environmental Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
18
19
20
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower Specifications and Characteristics 21
Minitower Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minitower Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minitower Power Consumption and Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minitower Environmental Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
21
22
23
Power Saving and Ergonometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
Desktop Power Saving Modes and Ergonometry for APM Systems. . . . . . . . . .
Desktop Power Saving Modes and Resume Events for ACPI Systems . . . . . . .
Minitower Power Saving and Ergonometry for APM Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minitower Power Saving Modes and Resume Events
for ACPI Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-On from Space-Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soft Power Down. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
25
26
26
27
27
3
Contents
Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Where to Find the Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
2 System Board
System Board Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Architectural View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Accessory Board Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
AGP Pro Universal Slot (Minitower Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AGP Pro Universal Slot (Desktop Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PCI Slots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
37
38
System Board Switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Chipset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Memory Controller Hub (MCH) 82820 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Bus Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AGP 4x Bus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Memory Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
44
44
45
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Devices on the PCI 32-bit 33 MHz Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Devices on the SMBus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Devices on the Low Pin Count Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Super I/O Controller (NS 87364) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
55
60
61
FirmWare Hub (82802AA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Host Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Intel Pentium III Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optional Second Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cache Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65
66
67
Assigned Device Interrupts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Input/Output Controller Hub Interrupts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Matrox Millennium G250 Graphics Card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Matrox Millennium G400 Graphics Card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
69
72
Contents
ELSA Synergy II Graphics Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ELSA GLoria II Graphics Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
77
Network Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
HP 10/100 TX PCI LAN Interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supported LAN Cards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3COM NIC (Network Interconnect) LAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INTEL NIC (Network Interconnect) LAN Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
82
82
84
SCSI Adapter Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
Ultra2 SCSI PCI Adapter Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LSI Logic SCSI Configuration Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Symbios Configuration Utility (Ultra 160 Card) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
88
91
94
4 Mass Storage Devices
Flexible Disk Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CD-ROM Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
97
99
5 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
104
Updating the System BIOS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
109
Restoring BIOS Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
109
If You Forgot the Administrator Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
Clearing the CMOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
111
Recovering the BIOS (Crisis Mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
112
BIOS Addresses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
113
System Memory Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HP I/O Port Map (I/O Addresses Used by the System). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DMA Channel Controllers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
113
114
115
6 Tests and Error Messages
MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
119
Basic Pre-boot Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pre-boot Diagnostics Error Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Post Test Sequence and Post Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
120
121
122
5
Contents
Operating System Boot Phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Run-Time Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Menu (Minitower models only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
123
123
124
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Error Message Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
7 Connectors and Sockets
Rear Panel Socket Pin Layouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
6
Preface
This manual is a technical reference and BIOS document for engineers and
technicians providing system level support. It is assumed that the reader
possesses a detailed understanding of AT-compatible microprocessor
functions and digital addressing techniques.
Technical information that is readily available from other sources, such as
manufacturers’ proprietary publications, has not been reproduced.
This manual contains summary information only. For additional reference
material, refer to the bibliography on the following page.
For all warning and safety instructions, refer to the user guide delivered
with the PC Workstation.
Conventions
The following conventions are used throughout this manual to identify
specific numeric elements:
Hexadecimal numbers are identified by a lower case h.
For example, 0FFFFFFFh or 32F5h
Binary numbers and bit patterns are identified by a lower case b.
For example, 1101b or 10011011b
7
Bibliography
Online documentation can be obtained from the HP World Wide Web site:
www.hp.com/go/kayaksupport.
❒ HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation User’s Guide —
Desktop and Minitower versions are available in English, French, Italian,
German, Spanish, Dutch, Swedish and Japanese.
❒ HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation Troubleshooting Guide —
Desktop and Minitower versions are available in English, French, Italian,
German, Spanish, Dutch, Swedish and Japanese.
❒ HP Kayak XM600 PC Workstation Service Handbook Chapter —
Desktop and Minitower versions are available in English only.
❒ Image Creation and Recovery CD-ROM — 5970-0330-xx1.
Extra Information Can Be ❒ ELSA graphics card
http://www.elsa.com
Obtained At:
❒ Matrox graphics cards
http://www.matrox.com
❒ Intel Chipsets. Intel I820 chipset
http://developer.intel.com
❒ Intel Pentium III Processor
http://developer.intel.com
1.
8
xx = Language code.
1
System Overview
This manual describes the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop and
Minitower PC Workstation and provides detailed system specifications.
This chapter introduces the external features, and lists the specifications
and characteristic data of the system. It also provides a summary of the
documentation available.
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation Overview
The HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation is based on the ATX
form factor. The following table provides an overview of the system.
How to use the table:
Component is common to more than one model.
Component is available only on HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop PC Workstations.
Component is available only on HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower PC Workstations.
Feature
Description
Desktop
Minitower
ATX Form Factor
System Board
Dimensions of 12-inches x 9.6-inches
in an ATX package.
Dimensions of 12-inches x 9.6-inches
in an Extended-ATX (E-ATX) package
Processor
All models have support for up to two Intel Pentium® III FC-PGA processors.
Processors from 800 MHz and upwards with a 133 MHz FSB (Front Side Bus).
The HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstations include integrated VRMs
(Voltage Regulator Module) on the system board. A separate VRM is not
required.
Level-One: 16 KB code, 16 KB data.
Level-Two: i256 KB.
Cache Memory (integrated
•
in processor package)
•
Internal Processor Clock
Speed
800 MHz, 866 MHz, 933 MHz, 1000 MHz and higher speeds with a 133 MHz
FSB.
9
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation Overview
Feature
Description
Desktop
Minitower
Chipset
Intel® Chipset (I820) including Memory Controller Hub (MCH) Host Bridge,
Input/Output Controller Hub (ICH) for input/output sub-system.
Super I/O Chip
NS 87364.
BIOS
Based on Phoenix core including:
(Basic Input/Output System)
•
•
•
4 M/bits of flash memory.
Support for PCI 2.2 Specification.
Support for RIMM memory modules.
Firmware - BIOS
Flash EEprom: Intel’s Firmware hub concept.
HP MaxiLife Utility
(available on all models)
Hardware monitoring utility that
monitors system components via the
SMBus.
Operating System
Most models are preloaded with Windows 2000. There are some models that
are preloaded with Windows NT® 4.0, MS-DOS or Linux.
Main Memory
Hardware monitoring utility that
monitors system components via the
SMBus and a LCD status panel.
Two RIMM sockets supporting PC800 RDRAM memory modules.
In a single memory module configuration, the empty socket must contain a
“RDRAM Continuity Module”.
Models are supplied with non-ECC RDRAM modules.
Both ECC and non-ECC modules are available.
Up-to-date memory upgrades are listed on the HP PC Accessories website at:
http://www.hp.com/go/pcaccessories
Mass Storage
Five mass storage shelves supporting:
•
•
•
One front-access, third-height,
floppy disk drive
Two front-access, half-height,
5.25-inch drives
Two internal 3.5-inch hard disk
drives (one full-height, one halfheight)
Seven shelves supporting:
•
•
•
10
Two front-access, third-height
3½-inch (one for the floppy disk
drive and one free) (height 1”);
Three front-access, half-height,
5¼-inch drives (height 1.0”);
Possibility of installing two 3½inch hard disk drive in one of the
5¼-inch shelves using an adapter
tray (available as an accessory).
Two internal 3½-inch hard disk
drives (height 1.0”).
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation Overview
Feature
Description
Desktop
Minitower
SCSI Controller
Symbios Ultra 2 or Ultra 160 SCSI PCI card (optional).
IDE Controller
All models include an integrated Ultra ATA-66 controller that supports up to
four IDE devices.
Video Controllers
•
•
•
•
Accessory Card Slots
ELSA Synergy® II AGP video controller with 32 MB of installed SGRAM video memory (maximum configuration).
ELSA Gloria® II AGP video controller with 64 MB of installed SDRAM video
memory (maximum configuration).
Matrox® Millennium G250 AGP video controller with
8 MB SGRAM video memory which can be upgraded to 16 MB.
Matrox Millennium G400-Dual monitor AGP video controller with
16 MB SGRAM video memory (maximum configuration).
One AGP Pro Universal 4x
(Accelerated Graphics Port) slot.
Standard AGP cards (25 W
maximum) can only be used.
Hardware protection prevents any
AGP PRO cards from being used.
•
One AGP Pro Universal 4X
32-bit slot with a maximum power
consumption tolerated limited to
50 W.
Five32-bit 33 MHz PCI1 (Peripheral Component Interconnect) slots supporting all bridges and multi-function PCI devices.
❒ PCI slot 5 contains a LAN interface board,
❒ PCI slot 4 is for a SCSI interface board (some models only).
LAN Card
All models are supplied with an HP 10/100BT PCI Ethernet Adapter LAN card
installed in PCI slot 5, supporting Wake-On LAN (WOL) and PCI 2.2
Specification.
CD-ROM Drive
Models include either an IDE 48X CD-ROM, CD-RW drive or DVD drive.
Audio
Integrated on the system board CSA4280 audio PCI chip and AC’97 Codec
(CS4297) audio.
1. All five PCI slots comply with the PCI Specification 2.2.
11
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation Overview
Feature
Description
Desktop
System Board
Connectors:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Rear Connectors
(color coded)
One flexible disk drive connector
Two ATA-66 IDE connectors (for up to four IDE devices)
One CD-IN audio connector
AUX connector
Internal speaker connector
One WOL connector
One battery socket
One status panel connector
Power supply connectors
Two fan connectors
Keyboard/Mouse
❒ HP enhanced keyboard with mini-DIN connector
❒ HP enhanced scrolling mouse with mini-DIN connector
• 25-pin parallel
❒ Mode: Centronics or bidirectional modes (ECP/EPP)
❒ Parallel port: 1 (378h, IRQ 7), 2 (278h, IRQ 5), or Off.
• 9-pin serial (two, buffered)
❒ Standard: Two UART 16550 buffered serial ports
(both RS-232-C).
❒ Serial Ports A and B: 2F8h (IRQ 3), 2E8h (IRQ 3),
3F8h (IRQ 4), 3E8h (IRQ 4), or Off—
(if one port uses 2xxh, the other port must use 3xxh).
•
•
•
12
Minitower
Dual USB connectors
Audio
❒ Joystick/Dual MIDI connector
❒ LINE IN jack (3.5 mm)
❒ LINE OUT jack (3.5 mm)
❒ MIC IN jack (3.5 mm)
1 System Overview
Package for the Desktop Models
Package for the Desktop Models
The following two diagrams show the front and rear views of the HP Kayak
XM600 Series 2 Desktop PC Workstation.
Front and Side Views
Power Supply Unit
Processor Fan
Secondary
Hard Disk
Drive tray
Front Access Cage
Front Access Shelves, for
- 5.25-inch drives
Primary Hard Disk
Drive Bay
- 3.5-inch 1.44 MB
floppy disk drive
HP Master Key Lock
Status Panel
Rear View
Display
connector
Parallel port
MIDI connector
Mouse connector
Microphone
connector
Keyboard connector
Dual USB
connectors
Serial port A
Serial port B
Line Out
connector
Line In
connector
13
1 System Overview
Package for the Minitower Models
Package for the Minitower Models
The following two diagrams show the front and rear views of the HP Kayak
XM600 Series 2 Minitower PC Workstation.
Front and Side Views
Power Supply Unit
Front Access Shelves for
- three 5.25-inch drives. Possibility
of installing two 3½-inch hard disk
drive in one of the 5¼-inch shelves
using an adapter tray (available as
an accessory).
- two 3.5-inch shelves including a
1.44 MB floppy disk drive.
Rear Fan
Spare mounting rails (not shown):
- Wide green rails for 3.5-inch devices
(for example, zip drive)
- Narrow green rails for 5.25-inch
devices
- Blue rails for 3.5-inch hard disk drives
Primary Internal Hard Disk Drive Shelf
Secondary Internal Hard Disk Drive Shelf
Second 3.5-inch shelf for zip
drive or second floppy disk drive
14
1 System Overview
Internal Features
Rear View
Keyboard connector
Mouse connector
Dual USB (12 Mbps)
connectors
Serial port A
Serial port B
Line Out connector
Line In connector
Microphone connector
Parallel port
Display connector
MIDI connector
Internal Features
The core architecture of the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation is
constructed around: Memory Controller Hub (MCH), Input/Output
Controller Hub (ICH) and the Host bus.
The HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation can support up to two
Pentium III processors. This processor is described on page 65.
The components of the system board are described in chapter 2; the video,
network and SCSI devices are described in chapter 3; mass storage devices
are described in chapter 4; the HP BIOS routines are summarized in chapter
5; and the Power-On Self-Test routines are described in chapter 6.
15
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop Front Panel
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop Front Panel
The front panel of the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop PC Workstation
has the following features:
Power On/Off
Button
Reset Button
Hard Disk
Activity Light
• On/Off LED. There are five states:
Blank. Indicates that the computer is turned off.
Green. Indicates that the computer is turned on and running correctly.
Red (fixed or flashing). Indicates a pre-boot or that there is a PowerOn Self-Test (POST) error, preventing the system from booting.
Amber. Displayed during system reset, system lock, Standby mode
(Windows 98) or Suspend mode (Windows 95).
• Hard disk drive activity LED. Activated during POST and when the
hard disk drive is being accessed.
16
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower Front Panel
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower Front Panel
The front panel of HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower PC Workstation
has the following features:
LCD Control Buttons
Power On/Off
Button
Reset Button
Hard Disk
Activity Light
• Liquid Crystal Display (LCD). LCD error messages and available menus
are described on page 119.
• On/Off LED. There are five states:
Blank. Indicates that the computer is turned off.
Green. Indicates that the computer is turned on and running correctly.
Red (fixed or flashing). Indicates a pre-boot or that there is a PowerOn Self-Test (POST) error, preventing the system from booting.
Amber. Displayed during system reset, system lock, Standby mode
(Windows 98) or Suspend mode (Windows 95).
• Hard disk drive activity LED. Activated during POST and when the
hard disk drive is being accessed.
17
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop Specifications and Characteristics
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop Specifications and
Characteristics
Desktop Physical Characteristics
System Processing Unit
Weight
(Standard configuration as shipped,
excl. keyboard and display)
11.5 kilograms (25.3 pounds).
Dimensions:
45.7 cm max. (D) by 42 cm (W) by 16.2 cm (H)
(18 inches by 16.5 inches by 6.37 inches).
Footprint:
0.19 m2 (2.06 sq ft).
Desktop Electrical Specifications
Parameter
Input voltage
Input current (max)
Notes
Maximum per
PCI Slots
32-bit 33 MHz
Maximum for
AGP Slot1
100 - 127 V
VAC
200 -240 V
Vac
Switch
select
—
—
7A
4A
—
—
—
Output power
230 W
—
—
—
Input frequency
50 to 60 Hz
—
—
—
Available power
230 W
—
65 W combined
25 W (max)
Max current at +12 V
6A
—
0.5 A
1A
Max current at -12 V
0.3 A
—
0.1 A
—
Max current at +3.3 V
14 A
—
7.6 A
6A
—
—
—
2A
Max current at +5 V
22 A
—
5A
2A
Max current at -5 V
0.3 A
—
—
—
2A
—
—
—
Vddq2
Max current at +5Vstdby
1.
Total Rating
Standard AGP cards (25 W maximum) can only be used. Hardware protection prevents any AGP PRO cards
from being used.
18
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop Specifications and Characteristics
2.
Only for I/O buffers.
If the overload protection in the power supply unit is triggered, all power is
immediately cut. To reset the power supply unit, remove the power cord and
then determine what caused the overload and remedy it. Reconnect the
power cord, then reboot the PC Workstation. If an overload happens twice,
then there is an undetected short circuit somewhere.
NOTE
When the PC Workstation is turned off with the power button on the front
panel, the power consumption falls below the low power consumption (refer
to the below table), but is not zero. The special on/off method used by this
PC Workstation extends the lifetime of the power supply. To reach zero
power consumption in “off” mode, either unplug the PC Workstation from the
power outlet or use a power block with a switch.
Desktop Power Consumption and Cooling
The power consumption and acoustics given in the below table is valid for a
standard configuration as shipped (one processor, 256 MB of memory,
230 W power supply, one hard disk drive, video card, LAN card)
All information in this section is based on primary power consumptions.
Power consumption (approximate values)
•
•
•
1.
230 V / 50 Hz and 115 V / 60 Hz
Typical operating with 1 processor
Typical operating with 2 processors
Suspend (only on Windows 2000 models)
70 W - 238.8 Btu/h1
100 W - 341.2 Btu/h
<4 W - 13.6 Btu/h
1 W = 3.4121 Btu/h
Additional Component:
•
•
•
•
Processor
SCSI Hard disk drive with input/output access
SCSI Hard disk without input/output access (idle)
PCI card
50 W
23 W
16 W
10 to 36 W
- 170.6 Btu/h
- 78.4 Btu/h
- 54.5 Btu/h
- 64.1 Btu/h to 122.8 Btu/h
19
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Desktop Specifications and Characteristics
Desktop Environmental Specifications
Environmental Specifications (System Processing Unit, with Hard Disk)
Operating Temperature
+10 °C to +35 °C (+40 °F to +95 °F).
Storage Temperature
-40 °C to +70°C (-40 °F to +158 °F).
Over Temperature Shutdown
+50°C (+122°F).
Operating Humidity
15% to 80% (relative).1
Storage Humidity
8% to 85% (relative).1
Acoustic noise emission (as defined ISO 7779):
•
•
•
1.
Operating
Operating with hard disk access
Operating with floppy disk access
Sound Power
Sound Pressure
LwA <= 38.6 dB
LwA <= 39.1 dB
LwA <= 45.0 dB
LpA <= 29.5 dB
LpA <= 30.5 dB
LpA <= 36.3 dB
Operating Altitude
10000 ft (3100m) max
Storage Altitude
15000ft (4600m) max
non condensing conditions.
Operating temperature and humidity ranges may vary depending upon the mass
storage devices installed. High humidity levels can cause improper operation of
disk drives. Low humidity levels can aggravate static electricity problems and
cause excessive wear of the disk surface.
20
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower Specifications and Characteristics
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower Specifications and
Characteristics
Minitower Physical Characteristics
System Processing Unit
Weight
(Standard configuration as shipped,
excl. keyboard and display)
14 kilograms (31.7 pounds).
Dimensions:
47.0 cm max. (D) by 21.0 cm (W) by 49.0 cm (H)
(18.50 inches by 8.26 inches by 19.3 inches).
Footprint:
0.09 m2 (1.06 sq ft).
Minitower Electrical Specifications
Parameter
Input voltage
(Switch select)
Input current (max)
Standard
Connector
Extension
Total
100-127 V
VAC
200 -250 V
Vac
—
—
—
—
—
9A
4.5 A
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
50 to 60 Hz
—
Available power
320 W
—
Max current at +12 V
13.5 A
15 A
0.5 A
1A
4.2 A
5.2 A
Max current at -12 V
0.8 A
—
0.1 A
—
—
—
Max current at +3.3 V
26 A
—
7.6 A
6A
7.6 A
13.6 A
—
—
—
2A
Max current at +5 V
32 A
—
5A
2A
Max current at -5 V
0.5 A
—
—
2A
—
Max current at +5V stdby
combined with 3.3 V stdby
2.
Peak
(15 secs.)
Input frequency
Vddq2
1.
Total Rating
Maximum for AGP Slot1
Maximum per
PCI Slots
32-bit 33 MHz
100 W for PCI slots and AGP Pro slot
—
—
—
1.875 A total on 3.3 V stdby
A maximum of 50 W can be drawn from the AGP Pro slot. The standard part of the AGP Pro connector supplies 25 W (max.) plus
25 W from the connector extension (25 W + 25 W = 50 W). Refer to page 36 for information about the AGP PRO Universal slot.
Only for I/O buffers.
21
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower Specifications and Characteristics
If the overload protection in the power supply unit is triggered, all power is
immediately cut. To reset the power supply unit, remove the power cord and
then determine what caused the overload and remedy it. Reconnect the
power cord, then reboot the PC Workstation. If an overload happens twice,
then there is an undetected short circuit somewhere.
NOTE
When the PC Workstation is turned off with the power button on the front
panel, the power consumption falls below the low power consumption (refer
to the below table), but is not zero. The special on/off method used by this
PC Workstation extends the lifetime of the power supply. To reach zero
power consumption in “off” mode, either unplug the PC Workstation from the
power outlet or use a power block with a switch.
Minitower Power Consumption and Cooling
The power consumption and acoustics given in the below table is valid for a
standard configuration as shipped (one processor, 256 MB of memory,
320 W power supply, one hard disk drive, video card, LAN card).
All information in this section is based on primary power consumptions.
Power consumption (approximate values)
•
•
•
1.
230 V / 50 Hz and 115 V / 60 Hz
Typical operating with 1 processor
Typical operating with 2 processors
Suspend (only on Windows 2000 models)
70 W - 238.8 Btu/h1
100 W - 341.2 Btu/h
<4 W - 13.6 Btu/h
1 W = 3.4121 Btu/h
Additional Component:
•
•
•
•
22
Processor
SCSI Hard disk drive with input/output access
SCSI Hard disk without input/output access (idle)
PCI card
50 W
23 W
16 W
10 to 36 W
- 170.6 Btu/h
- 78.4 Btu/h
- 54.5 Btu/h
- 64.1 Btu/h to 122.8 Btu/h
1 System Overview
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower Specifications and Characteristics
Minitower Environmental Specifications
Environmental Specifications (System Processing Unit, with Hard Disk)
Operating Temperature
+10 °C to +35 °C (+40 °F to +95 °F).
Storage Temperature
-40 °C to +70°C (-40 °F to +158 °F).
Over Temperature Shutdown
+50°C (+122°F)
Operating Humidity
15% to 80% (relative).1
Storage Humidity
8% to 85% (relative).1
Acoustic noise emission (as defined ISO 7779):
•
•
•
1.
Operating
Operating with hard disk access
Operating with floppy disk access
Sound Power
Sound Pressure
LwA <= 40.4 dB
LwA <= 40.7 dB
LwA <= 44.2 dB
LpA <= 25.7 dB
LpA <= 26.2 dB
LpA <= 29.8 dB
Operating Altitude
10000 ft (3100m) max
Storage Altitude
15000ft (4600m) max
non-condensing conditions.
Operating temperature and humidity ranges may vary depending upon the mass
storage devices installed. High humidity levels can cause improper operation of
disk drives. Low humidity levels can aggravate static electricity problems and
cause excessive wear of the disk surface.
23
1 System Overview
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Depending on the operating system, the following power management types
are available:
• No sleeping state: Windows NT 4 (Full On and Off).
• APM: Windows 95 and Windows 98 SE APM (Full On, Suspend and Off).
• ACPI: Windows 98 SE ACPI and Windows 2000 (Full On, Standby,
Hibernate, Off).
The following table is valid for both Desktop and Minitower models.
Windows 2000
Full On
A
P
M
Not Supported by
Windows 2000
Windows NT 4
Windows 95
Supported
Supported
Supported
Supported
Suspend
Supported
Not Supported by
Windows NT 4
Supported
Off
Standby (S1 or S3)
A
C
P
I
Windows 98 SE
Supported
(implemented as S3,
Suspend to RAM)
Supported
(implemented as S1,
suspend)
Hibernate (S4)
Supported
Not Supported
Off (S5)
Supported
Supported
24
Supported
Supported
APM only Operating System
1 System Overview
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Desktop Power Saving Modes and Ergonometry for APM Systems
Suspend1
Full On
Normal speed
Halted
Halted
On
Blanked, <5 W (typ)
Blanked, <5 W (typ)
Normal speed
Halted
Halted
Supports up to 230 W
<40 W (230V, 50 Hz)
<21 W (115V, 60 Hz)
(plugged in but turned off)
<5 W (average)
Resume events
Keyboard, network (RWU),
modem, USB
Space bar or power
button, RPO
Resume delay
A few seconds
Boot delay
Processor
Display
Hard disk drive
Power
consumption
1.
Off
Not supported by Windows NT 4.
Desktop Power Saving Modes and Resume Events for ACPI Systems
Full On (S0)
Suspend (S1)
Suspend to RAM
(S3)
Suspend to Disk
(S4)
Off (S5)
Processor
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Off
Off
Display
On
Blanked
Off
Off
Off
Hard Disk
Drive
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Off
Off
Active Power
Planes
VCC
VCCAux
VCC
VCCAux
Memory
VCCAux
VCCAux
VCCAux
Power
Consumption
Supports up to
230 W
<40 W
<10 W
<10 W
<10 W
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
USB,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
HP Start Key
Resume Events
25
1 System Overview
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Full On (S0)
Suspend (S1)
Instantaneous
Resume Delay
Suspend to RAM
(S3)
Instantaneous
Suspend to Disk
(S4)
BIOS boot delay
Off (S5)
Regular boot delay
Minitower Power Saving and Ergonometry for APM Systems
Suspend1
Full On
Normal speed
Halted
Halted
On
Blanked, <5 W (typ)
Blanked, <5 W (typ)
Normal speed
Halted
Halted
Supports up to 320 W
<40 W (230V, 50 Hz)
<21 W (115V, 60 Hz)
(plugged in but turned off)
<5 W (average)
Resume events
Keyboard, network (RWU),
modem, USB
Space bar or power
button, RPO
Resume delay
A few seconds
Boot delay
Processor
Display
Hard disk drive
Power
consumption
1.
Off
Not supported by Windows NT 4.
Minitower Power Saving Modes and Resume Events
for ACPI Systems
Full On (S0)
Suspend (S1)
Suspend to RAM
(S3)
Suspend to Disk
(S4)
Off (S5)
Processor
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Off
Off
Display
On
Blanked
Off
Off
Off
Hard Disk
Drive
Normal speed
Halted
Off
Off
Off
Active Power
Planes
VCC
VCCAux
VCC
VCCAux
Memory
VCCAux
VCCAux
VCCAux
Power
Consumption
Supports up to
320 W
<40 W
<10 W
<10 W
<10 W
26
1 System Overview
Power Saving and Ergonometry
Full On (S0)
Suspend (S1)
Suspend to RAM
(S3)
Suspend to Disk
(S4)
Off (S5)
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Power button,
HP Start Key
Resume Events
Power button,
LAN,
Modem,
USB,
Scheduler,
HP Start Key
Resume Delay
Instantaneous
Instantaneous
BIOS boot delay
Regular boot delay
Power-On from Space-Bar
The power-on from the space-bar function is enabled provided that:
• The computer is connected to a Power-On keyboard (recognizable by the
Power-On icon on the space bar).
• The function has not been disabled by setting SW-6 to off on the system
board switches.
Soft Power Down
When the user requests the operating system to shut down, the environment
is cleared, and the computer is powered off. Soft Power Down is available
with Windows NT (when the Soft Power Down utility is used).
27
1 System Overview
Documentation
Documentation
The table below summarizes the availability of the documentation that is
appropriate to the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation. Only
selected publications are available in paper-based form. Most are available as
printable files from the HP web site or the Information CD-ROM.
Online at HP
WWW Site
(see address
below)
Available on
the
Information
CD-ROM
HP Desktop PCs Quick User’s Guide
PDF file
No
5970-5050-xx1
HP Kayak XM600 DT Series 2 User’s Guide
PDF file
Yes
No
HP Kayak XM600 MT Series 2 User’s Guide
PDF file
Yes
No
HP Kayak XM600 DT Series 2
Troubleshooting Guide
PDF file
Yes
No
HP Kayak XM600 MT Series 2
Troubleshooting Guide
PDF file
Yes
No
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2
Technical Reference Manual
PDF file
No
No
PDF file
No
When available, Desktop and
Minitower chapters will be included in
the fifth edition of the Service
Handbook
Title
HP Kayak XM600 DT
HP Kayak XM600 MT
Service Handbook Chapter
1.
Paper-based
xx = language code.
Access HP World Wide
Web Site
Additional online support documentation, BIOS upgrades and drivers are
available from HP’s World Wide Web site, at the following address:
World-Wide Web URL:
http://www.hp.com/go/kayaksupport
After accessing the site, select HP Kayak XM600 PC Workstation.
28
1 System Overview
Documentation
Where to Find the Information
The table below summarizes the availability of information within the
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation documentation set.
Quick User’s
Guide
User’s Guide
Troubleshooting
Guide1
Service
Handbook
Technical
Reference
Manual
Introducing the PC
Standard
configuration.
Product features
Exploded view.
Parts list.
Product range.
CPL dates.
Product model
numbers
Environmental
Key features.
Setting up the
PC. Working in
comfort.
Safety Warnings
Finding on-line
information
HP Web sites.
Technical
information
Basic details.
Formal documents
Certificate of
Conformity.
Software
License
agreement.
Connecting
devices and
turning on
Rear panel
connectors,
starting and
stopping.
Electrical, multimedia,
safety, unpacking,
removing & replacing
cover.
Preloaded,
HP Web sites.
Safety.
HP Web sites.
Basic details.
HP Web
sites, others.
Advanced.
Using the PC
Basic details.
Updating and
recovering.
Fields and their
options within
Setup
Basic details.
Viewing Setup screen,
using, passwords
Basic details.
Manageability
Power management,
Software and drivers.
BIOS
Technical
details.
Memory
maps.
Complete
list.
29
1 System Overview
Documentation
Quick User’s
Guide
User’s Guide
Troubleshooting
Guide1
Service
Handbook
Technical
Reference
Manual
Upgrading the PC
Full description.
Opening the PC
Full PN details
Supported
accessories
Installing
accessories
Configuring
devices
System board
Processor(s), memory,
accessory boards,
mass storage devices.
Installing devices
Error messages,
problem solving.
Installing and
removing, connectors
and switch settings.
Switch settings.
Installing devices.
Jumpers,
switches and
connectors.
Jumpers,
switches and
connectors.
Chip-set
details.
Service notes.
Advanced.
Repairing the PC
Basic.
Troubleshooting
Basic, MaxiLife,
hardware diagnoses.
Basic details.
Power-On SelfTest routines
(POST)
Kayak diagnostic
utility
30
e-DiagTools,
CD-ROM
recovery.
HP e-DiagTools,
CD-ROM recovery.
MaxiLife, hardware
diagnoses and
suggested
solutions.
Error Messages,
EMU and
suggestions for
corrective action.
HP e-DiagTools,
CD-ROM recovery
Error codes
and
suggestions
for corrective
action.
Order of
tests.
Technical
details.
1 System Overview
Documentation
Quick User’s
Guide
User’s Guide
Troubleshooting
Guide1
Service
Handbook
Technical
Reference
Manual
Peripheral Devices
Audio Accessories
LAN Accessories
1.
Refer to Audio User’s
Guide for information
on setting up and
configuring audio
accessories.
Refer to LAN
Administrator’s Guide
for information on
setting up and
configuring LAN cards
and systems.
Refer to online
version of Audio
User’s Guide for
information on
setting up and
configuring audio
accessories.
Refer to online
version (preloaded
on hard disk) of
LAN
Administrator’s
Guide for
information on
setting up and
configuring LAN
cards and systems.
For address, “Access HP World Wide Web Site” on page 28.
31
1 System Overview
Documentation
32
2
System Board
This chapter describes the components of the system board, taking in turn
the components of the Memory Controller Hub (MCH), the Input/Output
Controller Hub (ICH), FirmWare Hub (FWH) and the Host Bus.
The following diagram shows the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC
Workstation system board in detail.
cm
.4 es
24 inch
9.6
5 cm
30. ches
in
12
33
2 System Board
System Board Overview
System Board Overview
The following diagram shows where the different chips and connectors are
located on the system board.
Processor 1 Connector
Processor 2 Connector
Mouse (upper) &
Keyboard (lower)
Two USB
Serial Port A
Serial Port B
(Both ports are stacked
with the Parallel Port)
Main Power
Rear Fan
CPU
Fan 1
Package Intrusion
Line Out
Line In
MIC
Midi & Audio
RIMM0
Memory
Controller
Hub (MCH)
CPU Fan 2
AUX Power
Floppy
Connector
Secondary IDE
RIMM1
Primary IDE
AGP Connector
PLL
PCI 1 Connector
Input/Output
Controller Hub (ICH)
CD to Audio
PCI 2 Connector
Audio Codec
Super I/O Firmware
Hub (FWH)
PCI 3 Connector
SCSI LED
Audio Controller
HDD Thermal
Sensor (MT only)
Status
Panel
Switches
(configuration
on page 40)
PCI 4 Connector
PCI 5 Connector
34
Battery Wake-On Aux_IN Internal Chassis Fan
LAN (WOL)
Speaker (MT only)
2 System Board
Architectural View
Architectural View
FC-PGA Package
Intel Pentium III
Processor
(optional second processor)
with L2 cache memory
Intel Pentium III
Processor
with L2 cache memory
Address (36)
Control
Host (also called FSB)
two-way Bus
(100/133 MHz, 1 GB/sec
data transfer rate)
Data (64)
AGP
PRO
Connector
AGP 4x Bus
(133 MHz (1 GB/sec
data transfer rate)
FC-PGA Package
820
Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
82820
Rambus Channel
Two onboard RIMM sockets
supporting RDRAM memory.
(1.2 GB/s at 300 MHz or
1.6 GB/s at 400 MHzdata transfer rate)
HUB LINK 8
(266 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH) 82801AA
ATA 66, 2 Channels
2 IDE
Connectors
Keyboard,
Mouse and
Floppy
Parallel and
Serial Ports
Super I/O
NS 87364
USB
PCI Bridge
2 x USB
Controller
AC’97a
Audio
Controller
LPC
Bridge
SM Bus
Controller
LPC / FWH Link
PCI Bus (32-bit, 33 MHz)
133 MB/s data transfer rate
Slot 1 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 2- 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 3 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 4 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 5 - 32-bit/33 MHz
SMBus
2 USB
Connectors
IDE
Controller
FirmWare Hub
(FWH)
82802
Serial
EEPROM
MaxiLife
Monitoring
Chip
Fans
Audio PCI
Chip
(CSA4280)
MIDI
Port
AC ‘97
Digital
Link
Codec
Audio AC‘97
LCD
Status
Panel
a. It should be noted that the AC’97 Audio Controller is not used. The PCI CS4280 and CS4297 audio is a full PCI solution that is independent of the ICH
core logic.
35
2 System Board
Accessory Board Slots
Accessory Board Slots
The following block diagram shows the position of the accessory board slots
on the system board.
One AGP Universal Pro slot.
Five 32-bit 33 MHz PCI slots:
PCI Slot 1,
PCI Slot 2,
PCI Slot 3,
PCI Slot 4,
PCI Slot 5
(PCI Slot 1)
(PCI Slot 2)
(PCI Slot 3)
(PCI Slot 4)
System board edge
(PCI Slot 5)
AGP Pro Universal Slot (Minitower Models)
Minitower models of the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 are equipped with a
single AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) Pro Universal graphics slot.
The AGP Pro Universal slot provides the ultimate graphics performance for
high-end graphics cards, combining AGP 4X bandwidth (with data transfer
rates up to 1056 MB/sec) with the ability to accept high-end graphics cards
drawing up to 50 W of power.
To accommodate AGP Pro graphics cards, the AGP PRO Universal slot
connector is wider than the standard AGP 4X connector. Additional pins
have been added at both ends of the connector to meet the increased power
requirements of AGP Pro graphics cards.
The AGP Pro Universal slot connector still accepts all existing 3.3 V and
1.5 V AGP cards.
An AGP Pro card may draw power either from the existing part of the AGP
Pro connector, the extended part, or a combination of the two. In all cases,
the maximum power that may be drawn by an AGP Pro card is limited to
36
2 System Board
Accessory Board Slots
50 W in the Minitower models. Power on the existing part of the connector
is delivered on 5.0 V and 3.3 V rails. Power on the extension is delivered on
the 12 V and 3.3 V rails.
Either standard AGP graphics cards or AGP Pro graphics cards < 50 Watts of
power can be used (below 25W a standard AGP connector may be used),
with power being provided through 3.3 V, 5 V, or 12 V power rails.
NOTE
AGP Pro graphics cards drawing between 50W and 110W (“high-power” AGP
Pro cards) cannot be used in the slot.
The AGP Pro Universal slot is backwards compatible with both AGP 1x and
2.x modes (using 3.3 V or 1.5 V signalling), and AGP 4x mode (where 1.5 V
signalling is required).
The AGP interface and bus are explained on page 44.
AGP Pro Universal Slot (Desktop Models)
Desktop models of the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 are equipped with a
single AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) Pro Universal graphics slot.
The connector accepts only standard (≤ 25 W) AGP graphics cards. AGP
Pro cards (> 25 W) cannot be used — a hardware detection prevents the
PC Workstation from booting.
The AGP 4x graphics controller provides a high-performance graphics
interface. It uses a 66.6 MHz base clock, and provides a peak bandwidth of
1056 MB/second in AGP 4x mode.
AGP 4x mode transfers data at twice the speed of AGP 2x mode, which is
itself twice the speed of the basic AGP 1x mode. This is achieved by
multiplying the 66 MHz AGP clock frequency, so that four packets of data
are transferred on each cycle (transfers on both rising and falling edges of
the clock speed). Each packet of data contains four bytes, giving a transfer
rate of 66.6 MHz x 4 (quad-clock mechanism) x 4 bytes, a maximum
bandwidth of 1056 MB/s.
The AGP interface and bus are explained on page 44.
37
2 System Board
Accessory Board Slots
PCI Slots
There is a total of five Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI)
32-bit, 33 MHz connectors on the system board.
The PCI slots accept 3.3 V and 5 V PCI 32-bit 33 MHz cards, and
Universal PCI cards (which are 3.3 V or 5 V compatible). Refer to
the table on the following page for the different PCI board
installations.
If an AGP Pro graphics card is present in the AGP Pro graphics slot
(Minitower models only), the PCI slot nearest the AGP slot
cannot be used.
The maximum supported power consumption per slot is 25W, either from
the 5V or the 3.3V supply and must respect the electrical specifications of
the PCI 2.2 specification. Total power consumption for the PCI slots must
not exceed 60 W.
The power consumption of each PCI board is automatically reported to the
system through the two Presence Detect pins of each PCI slot. These pins
code the following cases:
• No accessory board in the PCI slot.
• 7 W maximum PCI board in the PCI slot.
• 15 W maximum PCI board in the PCI slot.
• 25 W maximum PCI board in the PCI slot.
The following table shows the various PCI board installations for the
different PCI slots:
PCI Card
Universal
(3.3 V or 5 V compatible)
3.3 V and 5 V
PCI Slot
Slots 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5
5 V, 32-bit/33 MHz
1.
2.
38
32-bit/
33 MHz
64-bit/
33 MHz
yes
yes1
32-bit/
33 MHz or 66 MHz
yes
yes2
64-bit/
33 MHz or 66 MHz
yes1
A 64-bit card can be installed in a 32-bit slot. However, this card will only operate in 32-bit
mode.
A 66 Mhz card can be installed in a 33 MHz slot. However, this card will only operate in
33 MHz mode.
yes2
2 System Board
Accessory Board Slots
The system board and BIOS support the PCI specification 2.2. This
specification supports PCI-to-PCI bridges and multi-function PCI devices,
and each of the five PCI slots have Master capabilities.
The PCI slots are connected to the ICH PCI 32-bit 33 MHz bus. In addition to
these PCI slots, the following devices are also connected to the PCI Bus:
•
•
ICH (Input/Output Controller Hub) chip, bridge between the MCH
(Memory Controller Hub), USB ports and IDE buses.
Digital audio CS4280 controller.
The PCI 32-bit 33 MHz bus is explained on page 53.
39
2 System Board
System Board Switches
System Board Switches
There are ten system board switches used for configuration, numbered from
1 to 10. Some switches are reserved and should not be modified, otherwise it
could lead to a system failure.
Switch
Default
Position
1-5
To Configure:
Reserved. Do not change the default setting.
OFF
6
ON
Enables keyboard power-on.
OFF disables this option.
7
ON enables BIOS recovery mode at next boot.
OFF
8
ON clears CMOS memory at next boot.
OFF
9
40
Retains CMOS memory.
ON clears the passwords at next boot.
OFF
10
Enables normal modes.
depends on the
chassis type
Enables User and System Administrator passwords.
ON = minitower
OFF = desktop.
2 System Board
Chipset
Chipset
The Intel® 820 chipset supports RDRAM memory technology and system
bus speeds up to 133 MHz, while delivering significant graphics
performance enhancements through its AGP 4x graphics interface. It is
comprised of the following:
MCH
ICH
FWH
• The 82820 Memory Controller Hub (MCH) provides the CPU interface,
DRAM interface, and AGP interface in the 820 chipset platform. The MCH
supports up to two processors. The table on page 43 details the MCH chip
features.
•
The 82801 I/O Controller Hub (ICH) utilizes Intel® Accelerated Hub
Architecture to make a direct connection from the graphics and memory
to the integrated AC97 controller, the ATA66 controller, dual USB ports,
and PCI add-in cards. The table on page 49 details the ICH chip features.
• The 82802 Firmware Hub (FWH) stores system BIOS and video BIOS, as
well as the Intel® Random Number Generator (RNG). The Intel RNG provides truly random numbers to enable stronger encryption, digital signing,
and security protocols. The table on page 62 details the FWH features.
41
2 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (MCH) 82820
Memory Controller Hub (MCH) 82820
The MCH Host Bridge/Controller is contained in a 324-pin Ball Grid Array
(BGA) package and is the bridge between the Host bus, Direct Rambus
channel (main memory), AGP 4x graphic bus, Hub Link 8-bit and Hub Link
16-bit.
The following figure shows an example of the system block diagram using
the MCH.
Intel Pentium III
Processor
(optional second processor)
with L2 cache memory
Intel Pentium III
Processor
with L2 cache memory
FC-PGA Package
Address (36)
Control
FC-PGA Package
Host (also called FSB) twoway Bus (100/133 MHz,
1 GB/s data transfer rate)
Data (64)
AGP 4x Bus
(133 MHz 1 GB/s
data transfer rate)
AGP
Pro (MT)
or AGP 4x
(DT)
Connector
820 Memory
Controller Hub (MCH)
82820
AGP
Interface
Direct Rambus
Bus
Two onboard RIMM sockets
Memory
supporting RDRAM memory.
Controller (1.2 GB/s at 300 MHz or
1.6 GB/s at 400 MHzdata transfer rate)
HUB LINK 8
(266 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH) 82801AA
The following table shows the features that are available in the MCH Host
Bridge/Controller.
42
2 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (MCH) 82820
Feature
•
Processor/Host Bus:
❒ Supports Pentium III processor configuration at both 100
MHz and133 MHz bus speeds
❒ Supports Symmetric Multiprocessing Protocol (SMP) for up
to two processors
❒ APIC related buffer management support
❒ Supports 32-bit host bus addressing
❒ Supports 6-deep In-Order Queue
❒ AGTL+ bus driver technology (gated)
❒ AGTL+ receivers for reduced power
❒ Supports single-ended AGTL+ termination in uniprocessor
configuration
• Direct Rambus Memory Controller, supporting:
❒ Single Direct Rambus Channel
❒ Supports PC700, and PC800 Direct Rambus DRAM modules
(HP supports PC800 modules only)
❒ Maximum memory array size up to 256 MB using
64Mb/72Mb, 512 MB using 128Mb/144Mb, 1 GB using
256Mb/288Mb DRAM technology
❒ Supports up to 32 Direct Rambus devices per channel
❒ Supports a maximum DRAM address decode space of 4 GB
❒ Configurable optional ECC operation:
- ECC with single bit Error Correction and multiple bit Error
Detection
- Single bit errors corrected and written back to memory
(auto-scrubbing)
- Parity mode not supported
• Hub Link 8-bit Interface to ICH:
❒ Private interconnect between the MCH and ICH.
• 324-pin BGA MCH package.
Feature
• Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Interface:
❒ Supports a single AGP device (either via a connector or on
the system board)
❒ Supports AGP 2.0, including 1x/2x/4x AGP data transfers,
1.5V and 3.3V signaling, and 2x/4x Fast Write protocol
❒ AGP Universal Connector support via dual mode buffers
❒ AGP PIPE# or SB accesses to DRAM not snooped
❒ AGP FRAME# accesses to DRAM are snooped
❒ High priority access support
❒ Hierarchical PCI configuration mechanism
❒ Delayed transaction support for AGP-to-DRAM reads using
AGP FRAME# protocol
• Power Management:
❒ SMRAM space re-mapping to A0000h (128 KB)
❒ Supports HSEG and TSEG cacheable extended SMRAM
space
- 128 KB HSEG at 0FEEA0000h remapped to A0000h
- TSEG is 128 KB/256 KB/512 KB/1 MB at the top of memory
- No maximum DRAM limit to use extended SMM
❒ SMRAM accesses from AGP or the hub interface are not allowed
❒ Suspend to DRAM (STR) support
❒ ACPI Rev 1.0 compliant power management
❒ APM Rev 1.2 compliant power management
• Arbitration:
❒ Distributed Arbitration Model for Optimum Concurrency
Support.
❒ Concurrent operations of host, hub interface, AGP and
memory buses supported via a dedicated arbitration and
data buffering logic.
• Input/Output Device Support:
❒ Input/Output Controller Hub (ICH).
43
2 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (MCH) 82820
MCH Interface
The MCH interface provides bus control signals and address paths for
transfers between the processors on the Host bus (FSB), Direct Rambus
channel and AGP 4x bus.
The MCH allows the processor to access up to 4 GB of memory. It also
provides an 6-deep In-Order Queue supporting up to six outstanding
transaction requests on the host bus.
The MCH can support one or two Pentium III processors, at FSB frequencies
of 100/133 MHz using GTL+ signalling. Refer to page 64 for a description of
the devices on the Host bus.
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Bus Interface
A controller for the AGP4x (Accelerated Graphics Port) slot is integrated in
the MCH. The AGP Bus interface is compatible with the Accelerated
Graphics Port Specification, Rev 2.0, operating at 133 MHz, and supporting
up to 1 GB/sec data transfer rates. The MCH supports only a synchronous
AGP interface, coupling to the Host bus frequency.
AGP 4x Bus
The AGP bus is a dedicated bus for the graphics subsystem, which meets the
needs of high quality 3D graphics applications. It has a direct link to the
MCH.
The AGP bus is based upon a 133 MHz, 32-bit PCI bus architecture, to which
several signal groups provide AGP-specific control and transfer
mechanisms.
Pipelining is added along with special sideband signals, increasing the
efficiency of the AGP bus. Thus, you come closer to the theoretical
maximum bandwidth. Although the maximum transfer rate is never
exceeded, the overall transfer rate is increased.
AGP specific transactions always use pipelining. This control mechanism
increases the bus efficiency for data transfer. Sideband Addressing (SBA)
may also be used by AGP transaction requests which also increases the bus
efficiency for data transfer. These two mechanisms can combine
independently to pipelining, which leads to the following operating modes:
•
44
FRAME- based AGP. Only the PCI protocol is used: 66 MHz, 32-bits, 3.3
V, 266 MB/s peak transfer rate.
2 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (MCH) 82820
•
•
•
AGP 1X with pipelining, sideband addressing can be added: uses 66 MHz,
32-bits, 3.3 V, increased bus efficiency, 266 MB/s peak transfer rate.
AGP 2X with pipelining, sideband addressing can be added: 66 MHz
double clocked, 32-bits, 3.3 V, increased bus efficiency, 533 MB/s peak
transfer rate.
AGP 4X with pipelining, sideband addressing can be added: 133 MHz quad
clocked, 32-bits, 1.5 V, increased bus efficiency, 1066 MB/s peak transfer
rate
AGP PCI Bus
Implementation
Pentium III Processor
AGP 4x Bus
(133 MHz)
AGP
Connector
GX-Device 1
AGP Port
Interface
820
Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
82820
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH) 82801AA
Main Memory Controller
The main memory controller is integrated in the MCH supporting a single
Direct Rambus channel.
DRAM Interface
The MCH provides optional Host bus error checking for data, address,
request and response signals. 300 MHz, 356 MHz and 400 MHz Direct
Rambus devices are supported in any of 64, 128 or 256 Mbit technology.
64 and 128 Mbit RDRAMs use page sizes of 1 kbyte, while 256 Mb devices
target 1 kbyte or 2 kbyte pages.
45
2 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (MCH) 82820
A maximum number of 32 Rambus devices (128 Mbit technology implies 512
MB maximum in 16 MB increments, 256 Mbit technology implies 1 GB
maximum in 32 MB increments) are supported on the Direct Rambus
channel without external logic.
The MCH also provides optional data integrity features including ECC in the
memory array. During DRAM writes, ECC is generated on a QWord (64 bit)
basis. During DRAM reads, the MCH supports multiple-bit error detection
and single-bit error correction when the ECC mode is enabled.
MCH will scrub single bit errors by writing the corrected value back into
DRAM for all reads when hardware scrubbing is enabled. This, however,
does not include reads launched in order to satisfy an AGP aperture
translation.
ECC can only be enabled when all RDRAM devices are populated in a system
that supports the extra two data bits used to store the ECC code.
Rambus Channel
The single Direct Rambus Channel is a 16-bit wide bidirectional
bus—commands and data can be transferred in both directions
simultaneously. The Rambus Channel is connected to the memory module
slots and to the MCH chip.
The channel runs at 300 or 400 MHz and supports up to 32 Rambus devices
(individual chips). The maximum available data bandwidth is 1.6GB/sec at
400 MHz.
RIMM Memory Slots
RIMM1
RIMM0
The HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 has two RIMM memory sockets, RIMM0
and RIMM1, available for installing RDRAM memory modules.
If only one RDRAM module is being used, it must be inserted in RIMM0
(the socket nearest the processor). A Continuity module must be inserted
in the RIMM1 socket.
46
2 System Board
Memory Controller Hub (MCH) 82820
Read/Write Buffers
The MCH defines a data buffering scheme to support the required level of
concurrent operations and provide adequate sustained bandwidth between
the DRAM subsystem and all other system interfaces (CPU, AGP and PCI).
System Clocking
The MCH operates the host interface at 100 MHz or 133 MHz, PCI at 33 MHz
and AGP at 66/133 MHz. Coupling between all interfaces and internal logic is
done in a synchronous manner. The clocking scheme uses an external clock
synthesizer (which produces reference clocks for the host, AGP and PCI
interfaces).
I/O APIC
I/O APIC is used to support dual processors as well as enhanced interrupt
processing in the single processor environment. The MCH supports an
external status output that can be used to control synchronization of
interrupts in configurations that use ICH with stand-alone I/O APIC
components.
47
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
The ICH, is encapsulated in a 241-pin Ball Grid Array (BGA) package and
is located on the system board just underneath the Memory Expansion
Card Connector. It provides the interface between the PCI bridge (PCI Rev.
2.2 compliant with support for 32-bit 33 MHz PCI operations),
PCI-to-LPC (Low Pin Count) bridge, IDE controller, USB controller, SMBus
controller and AC’97 controller.
The ICH functions and capabilities are discussed in detail later on in this
section. The following figure shows an example of the system block
diagram using the ICH.
Intel Pentium III
Processor
with L2 cache memory
Address (36)
Control
Data (64)
Host (also called FSB) twoway Bus 100/133 MHz,
820 Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
82820
HUB LINK 8
(233 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH) 82801AA
ATA 66, 2 Channels
2 IDE
Connectors
USB
Super I/O
NS 87364
LPC / FWH Link
Parallel and
Serial Ports
DMA
Controller
FirmWare Hub
(FWH)
82802
48
PCI Bridge
2 x USB
Controller
SMBus
Keyboard,
Mouse and
Floppy
2 USB
Connectors
IDE
Controller
Serial
EEPROM
PCI Bus (32-bit, 33 MHz)
133 MB/s data transfer rate
Slot 1 - 32-bit/33 MHz
SM Bus
Controller
MaxiLife
Monitoring
Chip
Slot 2- 32-bit/33 MHz
Audio PCI
Chip
Slot 4 - 32-bit/33 MHz (CSA4280)
Slot 5 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 3 - 32-bit/33 MHz
AC ‘97
Digital
Link
Fans
LCD
Status
Panel
MIDI
Port
Codec
Audio AC‘97
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
The following table shows the available ICH features.
Feature
• Multi-function PCI Bus Interface:
❒
❒
❒
❒
PCI at 32-bit 33 MHz.
PCI Rev 2.2 Specification.
133 Mbyte/sec data transfer rate.
Master PCI Device Support for up to six devices.
• USB:
❒ USB revision 1.1 compliant.
❒ UHCI Implementation with Two USB Ports for serial transfers at 12 or 1.5 Mbit/sec.
❒ Wake-up from sleeping states (S1).
❒ Legacy keyboard/mouse software.
• Power Management Logic:
❒ ACPI 1.0 compliant.
❒ Support for APM-based legacy power management for nonACPI implementations.
❒ ACPI defined power states (S1, S3, S4, S5).
❒ ACPI power management timer.
❒ SMI generation.
❒ All registers readable/restorable for proper resume from 0 V
suspend states.
❒ PCI PME#.
• Real-Time Clock:
❒ 256-byte battery-backed CMOS RAM.
❒ Hardware implementation to indicate Century Rollover.
• Timers Based on 82C54:
❒ System Timer, Refresh Request, Speaker Tone Output.
• System Timer, Refresh Request, Speaker Tone Output.
Feature
• Enhanced DMA Controller:
❒
❒
❒
❒
Two 82C37 DMA controllers.
PCI DMA with 2 PC/PCI Channels in pairs.
LPC DMA.
DMA Collection Buffer to provide Type-F DMA performance
for all DMA channels.
• Interrupt Controller:
❒ Two cascaded 82C59 controllers.
❒ Integrated I/O APIC capability.
❒ 15 Interrupt support in 8259 Mode, 24 supported in I/O APIC
mode.
❒ Serial Interrupt Protocol.
• Integrated IDE Controller:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
Independent Timing of up to four drives.
Ultra ATA/66 Mode (66 Mbytes/sec).
Ultra ATA/33 Mode (33 Mbytes/sec).
PIO Mode 4 transfers up to 14 Mbytes/sec.
Separate IDE connections for Primary and Secondary cables.
Integrated 16 x 32-bit buffer for IDE PCI Burst transfers.
Write Ping-Pong Buffer for faster write performances.
• System TCO Reduction Circuits:
❒ Timers to Generate SMI# and Reset Upon.
❒ Timers to Detect Improper Processor Reset.
❒ Integrated Processor Frequency Strap Logic.
• SMBus:
❒ Host Interface allows processor to communicate via SMBus.
❒ Compatible with 2-wire I2C bus.
• GPIO:
❒ TTL, Open-Drain, Inversion.
• FirmWare Hub (FWH) interface.
• 3.3 V operation with 5 V Tolerant Buffers for IDE and PCI signals.
• 241 BGA Package.
• Alert-On-LAN (AOL) support.
49
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
ICH Architecture
The ICH interface architecture ensures that the I/O subsystems, both PCI
and the integrated input/output features (for example: IDE, AC’97 and USB)
receive the adequate bandwidths.
To achieve this, by placing the I/O bridge directly on the ICH interface, and
no longer on the PCI bus, the ICH architecture ensures that both the
input/output functions integrated into the ICH and the PCI peripherals
obtain the bandwidth necessary for peak performance.
ICH PCI Bus Interface
The ICH PCI provides the interface to a PCI bus interface operating at
33 MHz. This interface implementation is compliant with PCI Rev 2.2
Specification, supporting up to six external PCI masters in addition to the
ICH requests and AC’97 controller. The PCI bus can reach a data transfer
rate of 133 MBytes/sec. The maximum PCI burst transfer can be between
256 bytes and 4 KB. It also supports advanced snooping for PCI master
bursting, and provides a pre-fetch mechanism dedicated for IDE read.
Refer to page 68 for a description of the devices on the ICH.
SMBus Controller
The System Management (SM) bus is a two-wire serial bus. It runs at a
maximum of 100 kHz. The SMBus Host interface allows the processor to
communicate with SMBus slaves. The bus connects to sensor devices that
monitor some of the hardware functions of the system board, both during
system boot and run-time.
Refer to page 55 for a description of the devices on the SMBus, or to page 58
for information on the MaxiLife ASIC.
Low Pin Count Interface The ICH implements the LPC interface 1.0 specification.
Enhanced USB Controller The USB (Universal Serial Bus) controller provides enhanced support for
the Universal Host Controller Interface (UHCI). This includes support that
allows legacy software to use a USB-based keyboard and mouse. The USB
supports two stacked connectors on the rear panel. These ports are built
into the ICH, as standard USB ports.
The ICH is USB revision 1.1 compliant.
USB works only if the USB interface has been enabled within the HP Setup
program. Currently, only the Microsoft Windows 95 and Windows 98
operating systems provide support for the USB.
50
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
The Microsoft Supplement 2.1 software (called USBSupp.exe), which
provides support for the Universal Serial Bus for Windows 95 Software
Release (SR) 2.0, can be obtained from the Hewlett-Packard World Wide
Web site at: http://www.hp.com/go/kayaksupport.
AC’97 Controller
This controller, even though available in the ICH, is not used. The HP Kayak
PC Workstation uses the dedicated dual chip PCI solution of the CS4280
audio controller and the CS4297 Codec Audio Codec ‘97 (AC’97).
Refer to page 54 for information about the CS4280 and CS4297 audio
solution.
IDE Controller
The IDE controller is implemented as part of the ICH chip and has PCIMaster capability. Two independent ATA/66 IDE channels are provided with
two connectors per channel. Two IDE devices (one master and one slave)
can be connected per channel. In order to guarantee data transfer integrity,
Ultra-ATA cables must be used for Ultra-ATA modes (Ultra-ATA/33 and
Ultra-ATA/66).
The PIO IDE transfers of up to 14 Mbytes/sec and Bus Master IDE transfer
rates of up to 66 Mbytes/sec are supported. The IDE controller integrates
16 x 32-bit buffers for optimal transfers.
It is possible to mix a fast and a slow device, such as a hard disk drive and a
CD-ROM, on the same channel without affecting the performance of the fast
device. The BIOS automatically determines the fastest configuration that
each device supports.
DMA Controller
The seven-channel DMA controller incorporates the functionality of two
82C37 DMA controllers. Channels 0 to 3 are for 8-bit count-by-byte
transfers, while channels 5 to 7 are for 16-bit count-by-word transfers (refer
to table on page 115 for allocated DMA channel allocations). Any two of the
seven DMA channels can be programmed to support fast Type-F transfers.
The ICH DMA controller supports the LPC (Low Pin Count) DMA. Single,
Demand, Verify and Incremental modes are supported on the LPC interface.
Channels 0-3 are 8-bit, while channels 5-7 are 16-bit. Channel 4 is reserved
as a generic bus master request.
51
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
Interrupt Controller
The Interrupt controller is equivalent in function to the two 82C59 interrupt
controllers. The two interrupt controllers are cascaded so that 14 external
and two internal interrupts are possible. In addition, the ICH supports a
serial interrupt scheme and also implements the I/O APIC controller. A table
on page 115 shows how the master and slave controllers are connected.
Timer/Counter Block
The timer/counter block contains three counters that are equivalent in
function to those found in one 82C54 programmable interval counter/timer.
These three counters are combined to provide the system timer function,
and speaker tone. The 14.318 MHz oscillator input provides the clock source
for these three counters.
Advanced Programmable Incorporated in the ICH, the APIC can be used in either single-processor or
multi-processor systems, while the standard interrupt controller is used in
Interrupt Controller
single-processor systems.
Real-Time Clock
The RTC is 146818A-compatible, with 256 bytes of CMOS. The RTC
performs two key functions: keeping track of the time of day and storing
system data.
The RTC operates on a 32.768 kHz crystal and a separate 3V lithium battery
that provides up to 5 years of protection. It also supports two lockable
memory ranges. By setting bits in the configuration space, two 8-byte ranges
can be locked to read and write accesses. This prevents unauthorized
reading of passwords or other security information. Another feature is a
date alarm allowing for a schedule wake-up event up to 30 days in advance.
Enhanced Power
Management
The ICH’s power management functions include enhanced clock control,
local and global monitoring support for 14 individual devices, and various
low-power (suspend) states. A hardware-based thermal management circuit
permits software-independent entry points for low-power states.
The ICH includes full support for the Advanced Configuration and Power
Interface (ACPI) specifications.
52
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
Devices on the PCI 32-bit 33 MHz Bus
The following devices are connected to the PCI 32-bit 33 MHz bus.
Intel Pentium III
Processor
Host (also called
FSB) two-way Bus
100/133 MHz,
820 Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH) 82820
HUB LINK 8
(266 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH) 82801AA
IDE
Controller
PCI Bridge
2 x USB
Controller
DMA
Controller
PCI Bus (32-bit, 33 MHz)
133 MB/s data transfer rate
Slot 1 - 32-bit/33 MHz
SM Bus
Controller
Slot 2- 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 3 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Audio PCI
Chip
(CSA4280)
AC ‘97
Digital
Link
Slot 4 - 32-bit/33 MHz
Slot 5 - 32-bit/33 MHz
MIDI
Port
Codec
Audio AC‘97
PCI 32-bit/33 MHz Slots
There are five 32-bit/33 MHz PCI slots accepting 5 V PCI cards and Universal
PCI cards (support for 3.3 V or 5 V). A LAN card is installed in PCI Slot 5.
On some models, a SCSI controller card is installed in PCI Slot 4. PCI slots
are explained in detail on page 38.
53
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
Dual Chip PCI Audio Solution
The integrated PCI audio solution in the PC Workstation is a dual-chip
solution made up of the CrystalClear™ CS4280 PCI audio controller and the
CrystalClear CS4297 Audio Codec ‘97 (AC’97).
The CS4280 PCI audio controller interfaces with the PCI bus and performs
all digital operations such as sample rate conversions and synthesis. The
CS4297 AC’97 chip mixes and processes all the analog signals.
The interface between audio PCI chip and the audio codec is known as the
AC’97 Digital Link.
CS4280 PCI Audio
Interface Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
CS4297 Audio Codec‘97
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
54
PCI Version 2.1 Bus Master.
Windows ® 95, Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows NT 2000 Drivers.
Compliant with PC’99.
MPU-401 interface, FM synthesizer, and Game Port.
Full duplex operation.
Advanced Power Management (PPMI).
AC’97 1.03 compatibility.
Sophisticated mixed signal technology.
18-bit stereo full-duplex Codec with fixed 48kHz sampling rate.
High quality differential CD input.
Mono microphone input.
Two analog line-level stereo inputs for LINE IN and CD (or VIDEO)
connection.
Single stereo line level output.
Extensive power management support.
Meets Microsoft’s PC’99 audio performance requirements.
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
Audio Chip
Specifications
Feature
Digitized Sounds
Description
•
•
•
16-bit and 8-bit stereo sampling from 4 kHz to 48 kHz.
Hardware Full Duplex Conversion.
16-bit software-based real-time audio
compression/decompression system.
Music Synthesizer
•
Integrated OPL3 compatible music synthesizer.
Mixer
•
MPC-3 audio mixer.
Input mixing sources: microphone, LINE In,
CD Audio, AUX Audio, and digitized sounds.
Output mixing of all audio sources to the LINE Out or
integrated PC Workstation speaker.
Multiple source recording and Left/Right channels balance.
•
•
•
Line Input
•
•
Line Output
•
•
•
Microphone Input
Stereo output of 100 mW per channel with headphone
speakers (impedance 32 Ω).
Output impedance: 570 Ω.
Output range: 0 to 2.83 Vpp.
•
20 dB gain preamplifier. The boost can be muted with
software.
32-level programmable volume control.
Input impedance: 600 Ω.
Sensitivity: 30 mVpp to 283 mVpp.
•
Impedance: 32 Ω.
•
•
•
Stereo Out Jack
Input impedance: 17k Ω (ohms).
Input range: 0 to 2.83 Vpp
Devices on the SMBus
The SMBus is a subset of the I2C bus. It is a two-wired serial bus which runs
at a maximum speed of 100 kHz. It is used to monitor some of the hardware
functions of the system board (such as voltage levels, temperature, fan
speed, memory presence and type), both at system boot and during normal
run-time. It is controlled by the SMBus controller located in the ICH. The
following devices are connected to the SMBus:
•
•
LCD status panel (minitower models only).
One Serial EEPROM MaxiLife (also includes backup values of CMOS
settings).
55
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
•
•
•
•
•
PCI slot 5, thus supporting Alert-On LAN (AOL).
ICH SMBus Master Controller 16 kHz maximum.
MaxiLife for hardware management, bus master controller.
RIMM serial EEPROM.
Hardware Monitoring ASIC.
Intel Pentium III
Processor
Host (also called FSB)
two-way Bus
100/133 MHz,
820 Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH) 82820
HUB LINK 8
(266 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH) 82801AA
IDE
Controller
PCI Bridge
2 x USB
Controller
SMBus
DMA
Controller
Serial
EEPROM
ICH SMBus Master
Controller
SM Bus
Controller
MaxiLife
Monitoring
Chip
Fans
LCD
Status
Panel
The ICH provides an intelligent processor-to-SMBus controller. All access
performed to the SMBus is done through the ICH SMBus interface.
Typically, the processor has access to all the devices connected to the
SMBus.
56
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
RIMM Sockets
Each RIMM socket is connected to the SMBus. The 168-pin RIMM modules
include a 256 byte I2C Serial EEPROM. The first 128 bytes contain general
information, including the DRAM chips’ manufacturer’s name, RIMM speed
rating, RIMM type, etc. The second 128 bytes of the Serial EEPROM can be
used to store data online.
Hardware Monitoring
ASIC
The Hardware Monitoring ASIC chip is a sensor dedicated to the processor
temperature. This chip uses the thermal diodes integrated into each
processor cartridge and makes the temperature information available
through the SMBus.
Serial EEPROM
This is the non-volatile memory which holds the default values for the CMOS
memory (in the event of battery failure).When installing a new system
board, the Serial EEPROM will have a blank serial number field. This will be
detected automatically by the BIOS, which will then prompt the user for the
serial number which is printed on the identification label on the back of the
PC Workstation. The computer uses 16KBytes of Serial EEPROM
implemented in a single chip. Serial EEPROM is ROM in which one byte at a
time can be returned to its unprogrammed state by the application of
appropriate electrical signals. In effect, it can be made to behave like very
slow, non-volatile RAM. It is used for storing the tatoo string, the serial
number, and the parameter settings for the Setup program as well as
MaxiLife firmware.
Main PLL
The registers of the main PLL are accessed through the SMBus. These
registers control the PLL clock signal outputs and are write-only. Writing
over the SMBus may be destructive to the PC Workstation as it allows access
to information necessary to the System BIOS, without which the system will
not run.
57
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
HP MaxiLife Hardware
Monitoring Chip
MaxiLife is a hardware monitoring chip which is resident on the system
board. Its responsibility includes On/Off and reset control, status panel
management (LEDs), hardware monitoring (temperature and voltage),
early diagnostics (CPU, memory, PLLs, boot start), run-time diagnostics
(CPU errors), and other miscellaneous functions (such as special OK/FAIL
symbols based on a smiling face for the Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower
models).
The integrated microprocessor includes a Synopsys cell based on Dallas
“8052” equivalent, a 2 KB boot ROM, 256 bytes of data RAM, an I2C cell, an
Analog-to-Digital (ADC) with 5 entries, and an additional glue logic for
interrupt control, fan regulation, and a status panel control.
MaxiLife downloads its code in 96 milliseconds from an I2C serial EEPROM.
The total firmware (MaxiLife 8051-code, running in RAM) size is 14 KB. As
it exceeds the 2 KB program RAM space, a paging mechanism will swap
code as it is required, based on a 512 byte buffer. The first 2 KB pages of
firmware code is critical because it controls the initial power on/reset to
boot the system. This initial page is checked with a null-checksum test and
the presence of MaxiLife markers (located just below the 2 KB limit).
MaxiLife is not accessible in I/O space or memory space of the system
platform, but only through the SMBUS (which is a sub-set of the I2C bus),
via the ICH. Its I2C cell may operate either in Slave or Master mode,
switched by firmware, or automatically in the event of ‘Arbitration’ loss.
As a monitoring chip, MaxiLife reports critical errors at start-up, and is
therefore powered by Vstandby (3.3V) power. For MaxiLife to work
correctly, the PC Workstation must always be connected to a grounded
outlet. This enables the PC Workstation’s hardware monitoring chip to be
active, even if the system has been powered off.
Test Sequence and
Error Messages
Refer to “MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages” on page 119 for
detailed information about the different test sequences and error messages
58
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
MaxiLife Architecture
The MaxiLife chip continuously monitors temperature and voltage sensors
located in critical regions on the system board. This chip receives data about
the various system components via a dedicated I2C bus, which is a reliable
communications bus to control the integrated circuit boards.
LCD Status Panel
Serial EEPROM
Temperature Sensor
Voltage Sensor
Speed up/slow down
HP MaxiLife
I2C bus
Hardware
Monitoring
ASIC
NOTE
System Fans
Memory
Memory
AGPset
MaxiLife is powered by VSTBY. This means that it is functional as soon as the
power cord is plugged in. For MaxiLife to work correctly, the PC Workstation
must always be connected to a grounded outlet.
59
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
Devices on the Low Pin Count Bus
The following devices are connected to the LPC bus.
Intel Pentium III
Processor
with L2 cache memory
820 Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH) 82820
HUB LINK 8
(266 MB/s data
transfer rate)
I/O Controller Hub
(ICH) 82801AA
IDE
Controller
PCI Bridge
2 x USB
Controller
DMA
Controller
Keyboard,
Mouse and
Floppy
Super I/O
NS 87364
Parallel and
Serial Ports
LPC / FWH Link
FirmWare Hub
(FWH)
82802
60
SM Bus
Controller
Host (also called
FSB) two-way Bus
100/133 MHz,
2 System Board
The Input/Output Controller Hub (82801AA)
The Super I/O Controller (NS 87364)
The Super I/O chip (NS 87364) provides the control for two FDD devices,
two serial ports, one bidirectional multi-mode parallel port, and a keyboard
and mouse controller.
Device
Ultra I/O
Serial / Parallel
Communications Ports
Index
2Eh
Data
2Fh
The 9-pin serial ports (whose pin layouts are depicted on page 144)
supports RS-232-C and are buffered by 16550A UARTs, with 16-Byte FIFOs.
They can be programmed as COM1, COM2, COM3, COM4, or disabled.
The 25-pin parallel port (also depicted on page 145) is Centronics
compatible, supporting IEEE 1284. It can be programmed as LPT1, LPT2, or
disabled. It can operate in the four following modes:
❒ Standard mode (PC/XT, PC/AT, and PS/2 compatible).
❒ Bidirectional mode (PC/XT, PC/AT, and PS/2 compatible).
❒ Enhanced mode (enhanced parallel port, EPP, compatible).
❒ High speed mode (MS/HP extended capabilities port, ECP, compatible).
FDC
The integrated floppy disk controller (FDC) supports any combination of
two of the following: tape drives, 3.5-inch flexible disk drives, 5.25-inch
flexible disk drives. It is software and register-compatible with the 82077AA,
and 100% IBM-compatible. It has an A and B drive-swapping capability and
a non-burst DMA option.
Keyboard and Mouse
Controller
The computer has an 8042-based keyboard and mouse controller. The
connector pin layouts are shown on page 143.
61
2 System Board
FirmWare Hub (82802AA)
FirmWare Hub (82802AA)
The FWH (also known as flash memory) is connected to the low pin count
(LPC) bus. It contains 4 Mbit (512 kB) of flash memory.
The hardware features of the FWH include: a Random Number Generator
(RNG), five General Purpose Inputs (GPI), register-based block locking and
hardware-based locking. An integrated combination of logic features and
non-volatile memory enables better protection for the storage and update of
system code and data, adds flexibility through additional GPIs, and allows
for quicker introduction of security/manageability features.
The following table shows the available FWH features.
Feature
• Platform Compatibility:
Feature
• Two Configurable Interfaces:
❒ Enables security-enhanced platform infrastructure.
❒ Part of the Intel 820 chipset.
• FirmWare Hub Interface Mode:
❒ Five-signal communication interface supporting x8 reads and
writes.
❒ Register-based read and write protection for each code/data
storage blocks.
❒ Five additional GPIs for system design and flexibility.
❒ A hardware RNG (Random Number Generator).
❒ Integrated CUI (Command User Interface) for requesting
access to locking, programming and erasing options. It also
handles requests for data residing in status, ID and block lock
registers.
❒ Operates with 33 MHz PCI clock and 3.3 V input/output.
• A/A Mux Interface/Mode, supporting:
❒ 11-pin multiplexed address and 8-pin data I/O interface.
❒ Fast on-board or out-of-system programming.
• Industry Standard Packages:
❒ 40-Lead TSOP or 32-Lead PLCC.
62
❒ FirmWare Hub interface for system operation.
❒ Address/Address Multiplexed (A/A Mux) interface.
• 4 Mbits of Flash Memory for system code/data non-volatile
storage:
❒ Symmetrically blocked, 64 Kbyte memory sections.
❒ Automated byte program and block erase through an
integrated WSM (Write State Machine).
• Power Supply Specifications:
❒ Vcc: 3.3 V +/- 0.3 V.
❒ Vpp: 3.3 V and 12 V for fast programming, 80 ns.
• Case Temperature Operating Range.
2 System Board
FirmWare Hub (82802AA)
The FWH includes two hardware interfaces:
•
FirmWare Hub interface.
•
Address/Address Multiplexed (A/A Mux) interface.
The IC (Interface Configuration) pin on the FWH provides the control
between these interfaces. The interface mode needs to be selected prior to
power-up or before return from reset (RST# or INIT# low to high
transition).
The FWH interface works with the ICH during system operation, while the
A/A Mux interface is designed as a programming interface for component
pre-programming.
An internal CUI (Command User Interface) serves as the control center
between the FWH and A/A Mux interfaces, and internal operation of the
non-volatile memory. A valid command sequence written to the CUI initiates
device automation. An internal WSM (Write State Machine) automatically
executes the algorithms and timings necessary for block erase and program
operations.
63
2 System Board
Host Bus
Host Bus
The Host bus of the Pentium III processors, also referred to as the FSB
(Front Side Bus), is implemented in the AGTL (Assisted Gunning
Transceiver Logic)+ technology. This technology features open-drain signal
drivers that are pulled-up to 1.5 V through resistors at bus extremities;
these resistors also act as bus terminators, and are integrated in the
processor.
If only one processor is installed, a processor terminating card must be
installed in the second processor slot.
Intel Pentium III
Processor
(optional second processor)
with L2 cache memory
Intel Pentium III
Processor
with L2 cache memory
FC-PGA Package
Address (36)
Control
FC-PGA Package
Host (also called FSB) twoway Bus (100/133 MHz,
1 GB/s data transfer rate)
Data (64)
AGP 4x Bus
820
Memory
Controller Hub
(MCH)
82820
Direct Rambus
channel
Two onboard RIMM sockets
supporting RDRAM memory.
HUB LINK 8
I/O Controller
Hub
(ICH) 82801AA
The supported operating frequencies of the AGTL+ bus are 100 MHz or
133 MHz. The width of the data bus is 64 bits, while the width of the address
is 36 bits. Along with the operating frequencies, the processor voltage is set
automatically.
The control signals of the Host bus allow the implementation of a “split transaction” bus protocol. This allows the Pentium III processor to send its
request (for example, for the contents of a given memory address) and then
to release the bus, rather than waiting for the result, thereby allowing it to
64
2 System Board
Host Bus
accept another request. The MCH, as target device, then requests the bus
again when it is ready to respond, and sends the requested data packet. Up
to six transactions are allowed to be outstanding at any given time.
For the Host bus to run at 133 MHz while respecting the specified signal and
timings, a distributed mechanism is used on each AGTL+ signal. The bus is
routed with a “Y” topology.
Intel Pentium III Processor
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstations are supplied with a Pentium
III processor and an integrated VRM (Voltage Regulator Module) on the
system board. Because these PC Workstations do not have any VRM sockets,
a VRM does not need to be installed.
The Pentium III processor has several features that enhance performance:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Dual Independent Bus architecture, which combines a dedicated 64-bit
L2 cache bus (supporting i256 KB) plus a 64-bit system bus.
MMX technology, which gives higher performance for media,
communications and 3D applications.
Dynamic execution to speed up software performance.
Internet Streaming SIMD Extensions for enhanced floating point and 3D
application performance.
Processor Serial Number is an electronic number incorporated in the
processor. If enabled, the Processor Serial Number can serve as a means
of identifying the system. By default, this option is set to Disabled in the
Setup program.
Uses multiple low-power states, such as AutoHALT, Stop-Grant, Sleep and
Deep Sleep to conserve power during idle times.
The Pentium III processor (core and cache memory) is packaged in a
flip-chip pin grid array, or FC-PGA, that plugs into a PGA370 socket
(370-pin Zero Insertion Force (ZIF) socket).
Processor Clock
The 100/133 MHz Host Bus clock is provided by a PLL. The processor core
clock is derived from the Host Bus by applying a “ratio”. This ratio is
programmed by the system board. The processor then applies this ratio to
the Host Bus clock to generate its CPU core frequency.
In a dual-processor system, the CPU core to FSB frequency ratio is always
the same for the two processors ensuring that the two processors will always
run at the same speed.
65
2 System Board
Host Bus
Bus Frequencies
There is a 14.318 MHz crystal oscillator on the system board. This frequency
is multiplied to 133 MHz by a phase-locked loop. This is further scaled by an
internal clock multiplier within the processor. The bus frequency and the
processor voltage are set automatically.
Voltage Regulation
Module (VRM)
Two VRMs are integrated on the system board complying with VRM
specification, rev. 8.4. High-current and low voltage processors are
supported.
Processors require a dedicated power voltage to supply the CPU core and L2
cache. Each processor codes through Voltage Identification (VID) pins with
a required voltage level of 1.30 V to 2.05 V. Each VID set is decoded by the
VRM on the system board that in return supplies the required power voltage
to the processor. It should be noted, however, that voltage may vary from
one processor model to another.
Optional Second Processor
Single processor models can be upgraded to a dual processor system by
installing a second processor in the vacant socket. The second processor
must be a Pentium III FC-PGA processor of the same speed and Level 2
cache memory capacity as the first, and same Level 2 cache voltage.
NOTE
When upgrading a processor or installing a second processor, the processor
type and speed is automatically recognized by the BIOS. This means that no
particular switch settings are required.
Upgrading a single processor to a dual processor system on Windows NT
platforms is made easier with the HP DualExpress! application which is
included in the HP processor application kit.
Installing a second processor is only advantageous when the software can
make use of parallel activity. In particular, you need to be running a multithreaded operating system that supports multiprocessing (one that is MPSready), such as Windows NT. The Windows NT operating system makes the
best use of the Pentium III 32-bit architecture (though other operating
systems will also show some benefit if 32-bit application programs are run).
The two processors must be operating at the same speed.
Configuring for
Multi-Processing
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstations support Symmetric MultiProcessing (SMP). When adding a second processor, it is automatically
detected so there is no specific configuration required.
66
2 System Board
Host Bus
The “mono-processing” mode has been implemented in order to support
operating systems that rely on the “legacy” interrupt controller 82C59 and
are not aware of I/O APIC controller operation. Refer to page 117 for
further details.
Cache Memory
There can be two integrated circuits sealed within a single Pentium III
package. One of these contains the Level-2 (L2) cache memory chip; the
other contains the processor, which itself includes Level-1 (L1) cache
memory.
The L1 cache memory has a total capacity of 32KB (16 KB data, 16 KB
instructions). Depending on the model, the L2 cache memory could have a
capacity of 512 KB or i256 KB, and is composed of four-way set-associative
static RAM. Data is stored in lines of 32 bytes (256 bits). Thus two
consecutive 128-bit transfers with the main memory are involved in each
transaction.
The L2 cache is composed of a TagRam and Burst-pipelined Synchronous
Static RAM (BSRAM) memories and is implemented with multiple die.
Transfer rates between the processor’s core and L2 cache can be either:
•
•
Same as the processor core clock frequency (full speed) for i256 KB and
scale with the processor core frequency.
One-half the processor core clock frequency for 512 KB and scale with the
processor core frequency.
Both the TagRam and BSRAM receive clocked data directly from the
processor’s core.
The processor includes a dedicated L2 cache bus, thus maintaining the dual
independent bus architecture to deliver high bus bandwidth and high
performance.
The amount of cache memory is set by Intel at the time of manufacture, and
cannot be changed.
67
2 System Board
Assigned Device Interrupts
Assigned Device Interrupts
Input/Output Controller Hub Interrupts
REQ/
GNT
ID
0
5
—
AGP slot
Device
IDSEL
AD[xx]
Chip-set Interrupt Connection
INTA
INTB
INTC
INTD
21
—
A
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
A
—
0
16
A
B
—
—
PCI 32-bit slot #1
5
6
22
C
D
A
B
PCI 32-bit slot #2
4
8
24
A
B
C
D
PCI 32-bit slot #3
3
9
25
D
A
B
C
PCI 32-bit slot #4 (SCSI
controller on some models)
2
10
26
C
D
A
B
PCI 32-bit slot #5 (LAN card)
1
11
27
B
C
D
A
CS4280 Audio Controller
USB Controller
1.
1
The USB interrupt is connected within the ICH to intD.
68
3
Interface Cards
This chapter describes the graphics, network and SCSI devices that are
supplied with the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation.
Graphics Cards
HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation models are supplied with a
graphics card. This graphics card is one of the following, depending on the
PC Workstation model:
•
Matrox Millennium G250.
•
Matrox Millennium G400.
•
ELSA Synergy™ II.
•
ELSA Gloria™ II.
Matrox Millennium G250 Graphics Card
The Matrox Millennium G250 graphics card has a total of 8 MB of installed
video memory, which can be upgraded to a maximum of 16 MB.
The Matrox Millennium G250 on-board MGA G-250 processor
communicates directly with the Pentium II processor along the AGP 2X bus.
The controller can be characterized as follows:
•
Supports full AGP 2X mode
•
Graphics controller in 272-pin BGA (Ball Grid Array) package
•
Integrated 64-bit, 250 MHz RAMDAC
•
New, high-performance triangle setup engine to off-load system CPU
•
Improved 3D drawing engine supports:
❒ Bilinear texture filtering
❒ Fogging.
❒ Alpha blending
❒ Anti-aliasing
❒ Specular highlighting
69
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
•
High-performance VGA
•
Integrated front-end and back-end scalers
•
Fully Direct Draw, Direct 3D, Mini Client Drivers (MCD), and OpenGL®
compliant
•
143 MHz SGRAM (LVTTL) memory configurations
(up to 16 MB maximum)
•
Support for memory upgrade via 144-pin SO_DIMM memory modules
(SGRAM)
•
Serial EEPROM video BIOS interface (32 KB)
•
ITU-656 and VMI-like host port provides interface to low-cost decoders/
CODECs
•
12-bit digital RGB port (MAFC) provides support for video encoders and
panel link interfaces
The diagram below shows the Matrox Millennium G250 graphics card.
Available Video Resolutions
The number of colors supported is limited by the graphics device and the
video memory. The resolution/color/refresh-rate combination is limited by a
combination of the display driver, the graphics device, and the video
memory. If the resolution/refresh-rate combination is set higher than the
display can support, you risk damaging the display.
70
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
The tables below summarize the video resolutions and refresh rates that are
supported.
Resolution
2D/3D
8-bit
256 colors
16-bit
64k colors
24-bit
16.7 million
colors
32-bit
16.7 million
colors
640x480
200 Hz
200 Hz
200 Hz
200 Hz
800x600
180 Hz
180 Hz
180 Hz
180 Hz
1024x768
140 Hz
140 Hz
140 Hz
140 Hz
1152x864
120 Hz
120 Hz
120 Hz
120 Hz
1280x1024
100 Hz
100 Hz
100 Hz
90 Hz
1600x1200
90 Hz
90 Hz
85 Hz
65 Hz
1800x1440
80 Hz
80 Hz
75 Hz
650 Hz
1920x1440
76 Hz
76 Hz
70 Hz
-
2048x1536
70 Hz
70 Hz
65 Hz
-
Maximum Refresh Rates1
Resolution
1.
2.
8 bpp / 16 bpp
24 bpp
32 bpp
640x480
200 Hz
200 Hz
200 Hz
800x600
180 Hz
180 Hz
180 Hz
1024x768
140 Hz
140 Hz
140 Hz
1152x864
120Hz
120Hz
120Hz
1280x1024
100 Hz
100 Hz
90 Hz
1600x1200
90 Hz
85 Hz
65 Hz
1920x1080
80Hz
80Hz
60Hz
1920x1200
76 Hz
70 Hz
-
1800x1440
70 Hz2
65 Hz
-
Your display may not support the maximum refresh rates shown here. Refer to the User’s Guide
supplied with your display for details of the refresh rates supported by your display.
Limitation due to 250 MHz RAMDAC.
71
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
Matrox Millennium G400 Graphics Card
The Matrox Millennium G400 Dual AGP 2X/4X graphics card has 16MB of
installed video memory (non-upgradeable), and can be characterized as
follows:
•
Powered by the Matrox MGA-G400 chip
•
Full AGP 2X/AGP 4X support (up to 1GB/s bandwidth)
•
Integrated 300MHz RAMDAC with Ultra Sharp technology for highly
saturated and separated colors
•
Matrox DualHead Display technology with PowerDesk desktop manager:
❒ Easy multiple resolutions support
❒ Simple dialog box
❒ Effortless multiple-window management
•
DDC2B support for Plug & Play detection of monitor
•
256-bit dual bus architecture; true 128-bit external bus to video memory
•
Vibrant color quality - true 32-bit ARGB
•
Supports 32-bit Z buffering for exceptional rendering precision
•
32-bit internal precision specially enhanced for multi-texturing using
32-bit text sources
•
16/10 monitor support
•
Support for true 32-bit color (16.7 million colors) at resolutions of up to
2048 x 1536
•
Bilinear, trilinear, and anisotropic filtering
•
Floating-point 3D setup engine
•
DirectX 6 and OpenGL® compliant
72
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
The diagram below shows the Matrox Millennium G400 graphics card.
Port 1
Port 2
NOTE
If only one monitor is used, then Port 1 must be used.
In the case where a second monitor is installed, it is detected by the driver
during the operating system boot (not after).
If only one monitor is detected, then only the mono head settings will be
available in the Driver Configuration screens.
Available Video Resolutions
The number of colors supported is limited by the graphics device and the
video memory. The resolution/color/refresh-rate combination is limited by a
combination of the display driver, the graphics device, and the video
memory. If the resolution/refresh-rate combination is set higher than the
display can support, you risk damaging the display.
The tables below summarize the 2D and 3D video resolutions that are
supported, and the refresh rates.
Color palette
Max. 2D display
area
Max. 3D display
area
Doublebuffered + 16bit Z
Doublebuffered + 16bit Z
8-bit
2048 x 1536
15- or 16-bit
2048 x 1536
2048 x 1536
1880 x 1440
1600 x 1200
24-bit
2048 x 1536
-
-
-
32-bit
2048 x 1536
1600 x 1200
1280 x 1024
1280 x 1024
73
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
Maximum Refresh Rates
Resolution (4:3 aspect ratio)
Second Display
(16-/32-bit)
640x480
200 Hz
200 Hz
800x600
200Hz
180 Hz
1024x768
160 Hz
115 Hz
1152x864
140 Hz
95 Hz
1280x1024
120 Hz
75 Hz
1600x1200
100 Hz
43 Hz
1600x1280
90 Hz
43 Hz
1800x1440
80Hz
-
1920x1440
75 Hz
-
2048x1536
70Hz
-
Resolution (16:9 aspect ratio)
74
Main Display
(8-/16-/24-/32-bit)
Main Display
(8-/16-/24-/32-bit)
Second Display
(16-/32-bit)
1600x1024
120 Hz
43
1920x1035
100 Hz
-
1920x1080
100 Hz
-
1920x1200
90 Hz
-
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
ELSA Synergy II Graphics Card
The ELSA Synergy™ II graphics card has 32 MB of Synchronous Graphics
RAM (SGRAM) installed video memory.
Features
•
Fastest 128-bit 2D performance
•
3D hardware texture acceleration
•
Resolution support up to 1920 x 1200 at 96 Hz
•
Multi-screen support (up to 4 with additional PCI cards)
•
Supports 16: 10 wide-format monitors
•
Software tools: ELSA POWERdraft, ELSA MAXtreme, ELSA Views3D
•
OpenGL® extensions for AutoCAD 2000 that doubles performance
•
PowerThreads™ SSE OpenGL drivers fully tested with all leading
professional graphics applications
Specifications
•
Full AGP 2X/AGP 4X support
•
RIVA TNT2 (NVIDIA) graphics processors
•
VESA 3 (flash ROM)
•
Integrated 300 MHz RAMDAC
•
3D standards: Hardware accelerated OpenGL®, DirectX3, DirectX5/6
•
Standards: VESA DPMS, DDC2B, Plug & Play
The diagram below shows the ELSA Synergy™ II graphics card.
75
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
Video Memory
The video memory, also known as SGRAM, is a local block of RAM for
holding major data structures: Frame Buffer (double buffer), Z-Buffer and
T-Buffer (Texture Buffer). The Frame Buffer holds one frame steady on the
screen while the next one is being processed, while the Z-buffer stores
depth information for each pixel.
Available Video Resolutions
The number of colors supported is limited by the graphics device and the
video memory. The resolution/color/refresh-rate combination is limited by a
combination of the display driver, the graphics device, and the video
memory. If the resolution/refresh-rate combination is set higher than the
display can support, you risk damaging the display.
The table below summarizes the 3D video resolutions and refresh rates that
are supported.
Display resolution
NOTE
Color depth
Refresh rates
640 x 480
8-bit, 16-bit, True color
200, 100, 85, 75, 60 Hz
800 x 600
8-bit, 16-bit, True color
200, 100, 85, 75, 60 Hz
1024 x 768
8-bit, 16-bit, True color
200, 100, 85, 75, 60 Hz
1152 x 864
8-bit, 16-bit, True color
200, 100, 85, 75, 60 Hz
1280 x 960
8-bit, 16-bit, True color
100, 85, 75, 60 Hz
1280 x 1024
8-bit, 16-bit, True color
100, 85, 75, 60 Hz
1600 x 1200
8-bit, 16-bit, True color
100, 85, 75, 60 Hz
1920 x 1080
8-bit, 16-bit, True color
100, 85, 75, 60 Hz
1920 x 1200
8-bit, 16-bit, True color
up to 96 Hz
200 Hz accepted if supported by the monitor.
76
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
ELSA GLoria II Graphics Card
The ELSA Gloria™ II graphics card has 64 MB of Synchronous Dynamic
RAM (SDRAM) unified memory.
Features
•
17 million polygons per second
•
500 million texture mapping pixels per second (bilinear filtering)
•
250 million texture mapping pixels per second (trilinear filtering)
•
Hardware acceleration of up to 8 light sources
•
Near complete relief of graphics operations from the CPU for optimized
application performance
•
Resolutions of up to 2048 x 1536 pixels at 85 Hz in 3D TrueColor
•
16:10 wide-screen support for 24" monitors
•
Software tools: ELSA WINman Suite, ELSA POWERdraft, ELSA
POWERdraft 2000, ELSA MAXtreme, ELSA View3D
Specifications
•
AGP 2x/4x (universal card design) support
•
NVIDIA Quadro graphics processors
•
VESA 3 (flash ROM)
•
Integrated 350 MHz RAMDAC
•
Graphics standards: OpenGL (Windows 98/Windows NT4.0/Windows
2000), DirectX3 (Windows NT 4.0), Direct X5/6 (Windows 98/Windows
2000), stereo OpenGL pending
•
3D hardware features: Single-pass multitexturing, MIP mapping, Gouraud
shading, fogging, stencil, full screen antialiasing, bump mapping, and
much more
•
Standards: VESA DPMS, DDC2B, Plug & Play
77
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
The diagram below shows the ELSA GLoria II graphics card.
Available Video Resolutions
The values in the table below are maximums, and may not be achievable
under all operating systems and conditions. If the resolution/refresh-rate
combination is set higher than the display can support, you risk damaging
the display.
78
3 Interface Cards
Graphics Cards
The table below summarizes the 3D resolutions with double buffering and
maximum refresh rates.
Display resolution
1.
Color depth
Max refresh rate
640 x 480
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
200 Hz
800 x 600
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
200 Hz
1024 x 768
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
200 Hz
1152 x 864
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
200 Hz
1280 x 1024
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
198 Hz
1536 x 9601
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
176 Hz
1600 x 10001
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
162 Hz
1600 x 1200
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
135 Hz
1600 x 1280
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
127 Hz
1792 x 11201
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
162 Hz
1920 x 1080
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
125 Hz
1920 x 12001
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
113 Hz
2048 x 1536
HighColor (16-bit), TrueColor (32-bit)
85 Hz
Special resolutions for 16:10 wide format monitors
79
3 Interface Cards
Network Cards
Network Cards
Most HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation models are supplied with
an
HP 10/100 TX LAN card.
A description of this card and the features of other supported LAN cards is
provided in this section.
HP 10/100 TX PCI LAN Interface
The 10/100 TX LAN Interface is a 32-bit PCI 2.2 card that supports 10 Mbits
per second (10 BaseT) and 100 Mbits per second (100 TX) transfer speeds,
and both half and full duplex operation.
80
3 Interface Cards
Network Cards
HP 10/100 TX PCI LAN Interface Features
Feature:
Description:
RJ45 Connector
Connection to Ethernet 10/100 TX autonegotiation
BootROM
Protocols:
•
•
PxE 2.0,
On-board socket support up to 128 Kb.
Remote Power On (RPO)
Full remote power on using Magic Packet for Microsoft Windows 95,
Windows 98, Windows NT4 in APM mode.
Remote Wake Up (RWU)
Enable and Wake Up from Suspend state using Magic Packet and Pattern
Matching for Microsoft Win98SE and Win2000 in ACPI mode.
This feature enables a host computer to remotely (over the network) power
on computers and wake computers up from energy-saving Sleep mode. For
these features to work, use the Setup program to configure the BIOS.
Power Management
•
•
•
•
Manageability
•
•
•
Diagnostic
•
•
OnNow 1.0,
Advanced Power Management 1.2,
PCI Power Management 1.1,
WfM 2.0 compliant, ACPI.
Desktop Management Interface (DMI) 2.0 Dynamic driver,
DMI 2.0 SNMP mapper,
PXE 2.0 Flashable BootROM (optional on socket).
Mac address DOS report tool,
User Diag for DOS.
HP 10/100 TX PCI LAN Interface LED Descriptions
LED
Description
Flashing
Off
Link integrity
Reversed polarity
Good 10 Base-T
connection between
NIC and hub.
No connection
between NIC and
hub
Link integrity
Reversed polarity
Good 100 TX
connection between
NIC and hub.
No connection
between NIC and
hub
Yellow:
Port traffic for
either speed
Network traffic
present
Heavy network
traffic
No traffic
10 LNK
100 LNK
ACT
Steady
81
3 Interface Cards
Network Cards
Supported LAN Cards
The following LAN cards are supported on the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2
PC Workstation.
3COM NIC (Network Interconnect) LAN Card
3COM NIC LAN Card Features
Feature
Description
Interface
32-bit 10/100 BT full duplex RJ LAN Port.
LED
Three LEDs:
•
•
•
activity,
10 MB/s speed,
100 MB/s speed.
Labels
PCI 2.2 Specification, PC 99, Intel WfM 2.0.
Power Management1
•
•
•
•
•
•
RPO and RWU for APM Windows 95 and Windows 98,
RWU for ACPI Windows 98 and Windows 2000,
RPO for Windows NT 4,
OnNow 1.0, APM 1.2,
PCI power management. 1.1,
WOL, PCI VccAux 3.3 V.
Manageability
DMI 2.0 Component Code.
Diagnostic
•
•
Mac address DOS report tool,
User Diag for DOS, Windows NT 4, Windows 95 and Windows 98.
Drivers
Major OSes, Minor OSes.
Boot ROM
Multiboot BootROM (BIOS or socket).
Remote Wake Up
(RWU)
This feature enables a host computer to remotely (over the network) power
on computers and wake computers up from energy-saving Sleep mode. For
these features to work, use the Setup program to configure the BIOS.
82
3 Interface Cards
Network Cards
3COM LAN Card LED Descriptions
LED
Description
Flashing
Steady
Off
GREEN:
Link integrity
Reversed polarity
10 LNK
Good 10 Base-T
connection between
NIC and hub.
No connection
between NIC and
hub
GREEN:
Link integrity
Reversed polarity
100 LNK
Good 100 TX
connection between
NIC and hub.
No connection
between NIC and
hub
Yellow:
Port traffic for
either speed
Network traffic
present
Heavy network
traffic
No traffic
ACT
83
3 Interface Cards
Network Cards
INTEL NIC (Network Interconnect) LAN Card
INTEL NIC LAN Card Features
Feature
Description
IEEE802.3 100 Base-TX,
Interface
IEEE802.3 10 Base-T,
32-bit 10/100 BT full duplex RJ LAN Port.
Two LEDs:
LED
•
•
one for act/lnk (activity and link),
one for 10 MB operation (on = 100 MB, off = 10MB).
Labels
PCI 2.2 Specification, PC 99.
Power Management
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wfm 2.0 compliant,
RPO and RWU for APM Windows 95 and Windows 98,
OnNow 1.0, APM 1.2,
PCI power management 1.1,
VccAux s3.3 V support via PCI bus 2.2,
VccAux 5 V support via 3-pin WOL.
Manageability
DMI 2.0 and DMI 2.0 SNMP mapper.
Diagnostic
•
•
•
Windows and DOS based,
Mac address DOS report tool,
User Diag for DOS, Windows NT 4, Windows 95 and Windows 98.
Drivers
Major OSes, Minor OSes.
Boot ROM
Onboard flash ROM.
Remote Wake Up
(RWU)
This feature enables a host computer to remotely (over the network) power
on computers and wake computers up from energy-saving Sleep mode. For
these features to work, use the Setup program to configure the BIOS.
INTEL NIC LAN Card LED Descriptions
LED
On
Flashing
Off
ACT/LNK
Adapter and hub are
receiving power. Cable
connection is good.
Receiving or sending
packets
Adapter and hub are not
receiving power. Cable
connection could be faulty
or there is a driver
configuration problem.
100 TX
Operating at 100 Mbps
N/A
Operating at 10 Mbps
84
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Some HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation models are supplied with
an Ultra2 or an Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter card. Up to a total of 15 devices
(internal and external) can be supported by these controllers via 16-bit
Wide SCSI 68-pin high-density connectors.
Ultra2 SCSI PCI Adapter Card
Ultra2 Internal SCSI
Connector
LED Activity
Connector
Ultra2 External
SCSI Connector
The functionality and performance of the Ultra2 SCSI PCI Adapter card
comes from the on-board LSI Logic SYM53C895 PCI-Ultra2 single chip
controller.
The ability to automatically switch from a single-ended (SE) operation for
legacy Fast/Ultra devices to universal low voltage differential (LVD)
operation when Ultra2 devices are connected is also provided by this
controller.
85
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Hardware Features
Feature
PCI Bus Interface
Description
•
•
•
•
SCSI Bus
•
•
Complies with PCI 2.1 Specification.
PCI is 32-bit, 33 MHz.
Bus Mastering.
Universal PCI signalling: operates on 3.3 V or 5 V buses.
16-bit Wide SCSI bus.
LVD SCSI bus.
•
80 MB/s (Synchronous) — Wide Ultra2 SCSI.
40 MB/s (Synchronous) — Wide Ultra SCSI.
20 MB/s (Synchronous) — Fast Wide SCSI.
Asynchronous.
Number of SCSI Devices
•
15 on one SCSI channel.
SCSI Connectors
•
•
One internal 68-pin high-density Wide SCSI connector.
One external 68-pin high-density Wide SCSI connector.
LED Connectors
•
One 4-pin LED Activity connector
BIOS
•
On-board, upgradeable BIOS in Flash ROM.
Serial EEProm
•
On-board serial EEProm for SCSI bus configuration storage.
Operating Systems
•
Windows 9x, Windows NT4, Windows 2000.
Supported SCSI Rates
•
•
•
Performance
•
•
•
DMA bus mastering for low overhead with 32-bit burst data transfers at
PCI data transfer rates.
Zero wait state PCI transfers.
Up to 128-word PCI burst size to maximize PCI data transfer rate.
Ultra2 SCSI PCI Adapter Card Installation
The Ultra2 SCSI PCI Adapter card can be installed in any PCI slot. It
includes an internal SCSI cable. In the minitower, up to five devices can be
connected to the internal SCSI cable. In the desktop, a maximum of three
devices can be connected.
Connectivity
Enables both internal and external connection.
86
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Internal Connection
The internal connector is a Wide SCSI 68-pin high-density connector. The
internal ribbon cable has to be connected to this connector.
External Connection
The external connector is located on the PCI bracket. It is a shielded Wide
SCSI 68-pin high-density connector. Any cable connected to this connector
must be shielded.
•
•
When running in LVD mode, the external cable should not exceed 12 m.
When running in SE mode, the external cable should not exceed 1,5 m.
Cables
Internal SCSI cable
The internal SCSI cable is supplied with an embedded multi-mode
terminator at one end of it.
LED Activity cable
The LED cable supplies SCSI LED activity to the front panel hard disk LED.
For this to work, the SCSI LED cable must be connected to the LED Activity
connector on the Ultra2 SCSI PCI Adapter card (refer to graphic on page
85) and the SCSI LED connector on the system board.
The connectors on both ends of the cable are identical, hence they can be
connected to either connector.
SCSI LED
Connector
SCSI Controller
The SCSI controller characteristics are as follows:
•
•
PCI 32-bit 33 MHz chip.
SCSI Multimode LVD/SE.
SCSI Bus
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
LVDlink™ transceivers meet all of the SPI-2 standard requirements.
Uses LSI Logic TolerANT® active negation technology for improved
single-ended SCSI signal integrity.
Pre-fetches up to 8 words of SCSI SCRIPTS® instructions to save PCI bus
overhead.
Supports SCSI SCRIPTS Load and Store instructions for more efficient
moving of data between memory and chip register space.
Includes 4 KB of internal RAM for SCRIPTS instruction storage to reduce
or eliminate instruction fetches over the PCI bus.
Improved support for large block transfers at Ultra2 SCSI speeds.
Provides data reliability and cable distance of differential SCSI without
cost of external differential transceivers.
Improves connectivity (up to 15 LVD Ultra2 SCSI devices) and cable
lengths (up to 12 meters with Ultra2 SCSI). Longer cables may be possible
87
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
•
in point-to-point connections.
Supports SCAM (SCSI Configured Automatically) Level 1 functionality.
PCI connector
•
•
•
One 32-bit universal connector (supports both 5 V and 3.3 V signaling).
Configured as a 7,5 W board (PRSNT1 and PRSNT2 grounded).
The SCSI Adapter Card sink current on the 5 V power supplies lines. The
3.3 V is supplied by an on-board regulator.
PCI Bus
•
•
•
•
•
Complies with PCI Specification 2.1.
Supports 32-bit, 33 MHz PCI Bus.
Supports PCI write and invalidate, read line and read multiple commands.
Functions as full 32-bit PCI DMA Bus Master.
Operates on 3.3 V or 5 V PCI buses.
Terminators
•
•
•
Three multi-mode SE/LVD active, auto-terminating terminators
Auto-termination: terminators are active when one of the two connectors
is used. If both connectors are used at the same time, terminators will
automatically switch to high impedance mode.
The terminator will automatically detect the bus type (LVD or SE) and
switch to the right mode.
Flash memory
The flash memory stores the SCSI BIOS. Refer to the following sections for
information about the LSI Logic SCSI Configuration Utility.
LSI Logic SCSI Configuration Utility
The LSI Logic SCSI Configuration Utility lets you view and change the
default configuration for the host adapter, and all SCSI devices connected to
it, or for individual SCSI devices. If, while using this utility, you accidentally
disable all the controllers, pressing F6 during the POST (after the memory
test) lets you recover and configure settings.
88
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Default Settings You Can Change For The Ultra2 SCSI Adapter
The following two tables show the configuration settings that can be
changed. The first table shows the global settings which impact the host
adapter and all SCSI devices connected to it. The second table shows the
device settings which apply to individual devices.
Settings for the Host Adapter
and All Devices
Default Settings
Description
SCAM Support
Off
LSI Logic BIOS version 4.x and above supports SCSI Plug and Play protocol called
SCAM (SCSI Configured Automatically).
Parity Checking
On
LSI Logic PCI to SCSI host adapters always generate parity, but some SCSI
devices do not. For this reason, parity checking can be disabled (Off).1
Host Adapter SCSI ID
7
It is not recommended to change the host adapter ID from the default value of 7.
Low to High
(0-Max)
Informs the host adapter BIOS and device drivers to scan the SCSI bus from low
(0 to max) SCSI ID, or from high to low (max to 0) SCSI ID. If there is more than
one device on a SCSI bus, changing the device order changes the drive letters
which are assigned to them by the system. This may change the boot order.
Scan Order
Removable Media Support
CHS Mapping
SCSI Plug and Play
Mapping
Spinup Delay (secs.)
2
Secondary Cluster Server
No
Termination
1.
None
Only used when removable disks are installed.
Defines the cyclinder head sector (CHS) values that are mapped onto an unpartitioned disk.
Auto
When disabling parity checking, you may have to disable disconnects for certain devices as parity checking for the re-selection phase is
not disabled. If a device does not generate parity, and it disconnects, the I/O never completes because the re-selection never completes.
89
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Settings for Individual SCSI
Devices
Default Settings
Description
Synchronous Transfer Rate (MB/s)
80
Sets the transfer rate for the device. The available choices are: Off, 10 MB/sec, 20
MB/sec, 40 MB/sec, or 80 MB/sec.
Data Width
16
Sets the maximum SCSI data width at which a 16-bit host adapter negotiates. The
host adapter and SCSI device must agree on a width at which they can both
operate.
For example, for a 16-bit device on a 8-bit wide cable (bus), the width at which
they can both operate is 8-bits.
Similarly, for an 8-bit device on a 16-bit wide cable (bus), the width at which they
can both operate is 8-bits.
Disconnect
On
Enables or disables disconnects for the device.
To optimize SCSI bus performance, this option should be set to On.
This should only be set to Off for troubleshooting purposes.
Read Write I/O Timeout (seconds)
10
Enters a read write time-out value in seconds for the device.
Scan for Devices at Boot Time
Yes
Specifies whether the device is scanned for at boot time.
Scan for SCSI LUNs
Yes
More advanced SCSI devices can have several logical units (LUNs). This option lets
you specify whether SCSI LUNs are scanned for at boot time.
Queue Tags
On
Specifies whether queue tags are enabled or disabled. In a multi-tasking
environment this option must be set to Yes. It should only be disabled for
troubleshooting.
Initial Boot Device
No
This setting cannot be modified.
Starting the LSI Logic SCSI Configuration Utility
You access the LSI Logic SCSI Configuration Utility by pressing F6 when the
message Press F6 to start Configuration Utility... is displayed
during the PC Workstation’s start-up routine. A further message is then
displayed: Please wait, invoking Configuration Utility... before
the Main menu of the LSI Logic SCSI Configuration utility appears.
90
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter Card
LED Activity Connector
Internal SCSI Connector
External SCSI Connector
The functionality and performance of the Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter card
comes from the on-board LSI Logic SYM53C1010 PCI to Ultra 160
multifunction controller with LVD link universal transceivers.
The ability to automatically switch from a single-ended (SE) operation for
legacy Fast/Ultra devices to universal low voltage differential (LVD)
operation when Ultra 160 devices are connected is also provided by this
controller.
Hardware Features
Feature
PCI Bus Interface
Description
•
•
•
•
SCSI Bus
•
•
Complies with PCI 2.2 Specification.
PCI is 64-bit, 33 MHz.
Bus Mastering.
Universal PCI signalling: operates on 3.3 V or 5 V buses.
16-bit Wide SCSI bus.
LVD SCSI bus.
91
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Feature
Supported SCSI Rates
Description
•
160 MB/s (Synchronous) — Ultra 160 SCSI.
80 MB/s (Synchronous) — Wide Ultra2 SCSI.
40 MB/s (Synchronous) — Wide Ultra SCSI.
20 MB/s (Synchronous) — Fast Wide SCSI.
Asynchronous.
Number of SCSI Devices
•
15 on one SCSI channel.
SCSI Connectors
•
•
One internal 68-pin high-density Wide SCSI connector.
One external 68-pin high-density Wide SCSI connector.
LED Connectors
•
One 4-pin LED Activity connector.
BIOS
•
On-board, upgradeable BIOS in Flash ROM.
Serial EEProm
•
On-board serial EEProm for SCSI bus configuration storage.
Operating Systems
•
Windows 9x, Windows NT4, Windows 2000.
•
•
•
•
Performance
•
•
•
DMA bus mastering for low overhead with 64-bit burst data transfers at
PCI data transfer rates.
Zero wait state PCI transfers.
Up to 128-word PCI burst size to maximize PCI data transfer rate.
Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter Card Installation
The Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter card can be installed in any PCI slot. It
includes an internal SCSI cable. In the minitower, up to five devices can be
connected to the internal SCSI cable. In the desktop, a maximum of three
devices can be connected.
Connectivity
Enables both internal and external connection.
Internal Connection
The internal connector is a Wide SCSI 68-pin high-density connector. The
internal ribbon cable has to be connected to this connector.
External Connection
The external connector is located on the PCI bracket. It is a shielded Wide
SCSI 68-pin high-density connector. Any cable connected to this connector
must be shielded.
•
92
When running in LVD mode, the external cable should not exceed 12 m.
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Cables
Internal SCSI cable
The internal SCSI cable is supplied with an embedded multi-mode
terminator at one end of it.
LED Activity cable
The LED cable supplies SCSI LED activity to the front panel hard disk LED.
For this to work, the SCSI LED cable must be connected to the LED Activity
connector on the Ultra 160 SCSI PCI Adapter card (refer to graphic on page
91) and the SCSI LED connector on the system board.
The connectors on both ends of the cable are identical, hence they can be
connected to either connector.
SCSI LED
Connector
SCSI Controller
The SCSI controller characteristics are as follows:
•
•
PCI 64-bit 33 MHz.
SCSI Multimode LVD/SE.
SCSI Bus
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
LVDlink™ transceivers meet all of the SPI-2 standard requirements.
Uses LSI Logic TolerANT® active negation technology for improved
single-ended SCSI signal integrity.
Pre-fetches up to 8 words of SCSI SCRIPTS® instructions to save PCI bus
overhead.
Supports multithreaded I/O algorithms in SCSI SCRIPTS with fast I/O
context switching.
Includes 8 KB of internal RAM for SCRIPTS instruction storage to reduce
or eliminate instruction fetches over the PCI bus.
Provides data reliability and cable distance of differential SCSI without
cost of external differential transceivers.
Improves connectivity (up to 15 LVD devices) and cable lengths (up to 12
meters with LVD SCSI bus). Longer cables may be possible in point-topoint connections.
Supports SURElink (Ultra 160 SCSI Domain Validation) to ensure link
integrity at Ultra 160 transfer rates and to renegotiate to lower speed and
bus width if necessary.
PCI connector
•
•
•
One 64-bit universal connector (supports both 5 V and 3.3 V signaling).
Configured as a 15 W board (PRSNT1 and PRSNT2 grounded).
The SCSI Adapter Card sink current on the 5 V power supplies lines. The
3.3 V is supplied by an on-board regulator.
93
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
PCI Bus
•
•
•
•
•
Complies with PCI Specification 2.2.
Supports 64-bit, 33 MHz PCI Bus.
Supports PCI write and invalidate, read line and read multiple commands.
Functions as full 64-bit PCI DMA Bus Master.
Operates on 3.3 V or 5 V PCI buses.
Terminators
•
•
•
Three multi-mode SE/LVD active, auto-terminating terminators
Auto-termination: terminators are active when one of the tow connectors
is used. If both connectors are used at the same time, terminators will
automatically switch to high impedance mode.
The terminator will automatically detect the bus type (LVD or SE) and
switch to the right mode.
Flash memory
The flash memory stores the SCSI BIOS. Refer to the following section for
information about the Symbios SCSI Configuration Utility.
Symbios Configuration Utility (Ultra 160 Card)
The Symbios Configuration Utility lets you view and change the default
configuration for the host adapter, and all SCSI devices connected to it, or
for individual SCSI devices. If, while using this utility, you accidentally
disable all the controllers, pressing Ctrl-C during the POST (after the
memory test) lets you recover and configure settings.
Default Settings You Can Change
The following two tables show the configuration settings that can be
changed. The first table shows the global settings which impact the host
adapter and all SCSI devices connected to it (Adapter Properties menu).
The second table shows the device settings which apply to individual
devices (Device Properties menu).
94
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Field
Default
Settings
Description
SCSI Parity
Yes
Host SCSI ID
7
Indicates the SCSI identifier of an adapter. It is not recommended to change the host adapter ID
from the default value of 7.
Low to High
(0 to Max)
Indicates the order in which to scan SCSI identifiers on an adapter. Changing this item will affect
drive letter assignment(s) if more than one device is attached to an adapter.
SCSI Bus Scan Order
Removable Media
Support
None
Indicates whether SCSI parity is enabled for an adapter. When disabled, it is also necessary to
disable disconnects for all devices, as parity checking for the reselection phase is not disabled. If a
non-parity generating device disconnects, its operation will never complete because the reselection
fails due to parity error.
Specifies the removable media support option for an adapter. Removable media support only applies
to devices that report themselves as a hard drive. It does not apply to CD-ROM devices or Magnetic
Optical devices.
None indicates no removable media support whether the drive is selected as first (BBS), or is first in
the scan order (non-BBS).
Boot Drive Only provides removable media support for a removable hard drive if it is first in the scan
order.
With Media Installed provides removable media support regardless of the drive number assignment.
CHS Mapping
SCSI Plug and
Play Mapping
Defines the cylinder head sector (CHS) values that are mapped onto an un-partitioned disk.
SCSI Plug and Play Mapping automatically determines the most efficient and compatible mapping.
Alternate CHS Mapping utilizes an alternate, possibly less efficient mapping that may be required if a
device is moved between adapters from different vendors.
Caution:
on: Neither of these options has any effect after a disk has been partitioned using the FDISK
command. The FDISK utility is a tool that the user can use to delete partition entries, one or all of
them. If all partition entries are deleted, it is necessary to reboot to clear memory or the old
partitioning data will be reused, thus nullifying the previous operation. Use care to ensure that the
correct disk is the target of an FDISK command.
Spinup Delay (secs.)
2
Indicates the delay in seconds between spinups of devices attached to an adapter. Staggered spinups
balance the total electrical current load on the system during boot. The default value is 2 seconds.
Secondary Cluster
Server
No
Indicates whether an adapter has one or more devices attached that are shared with one or more
other adapters and therefore, the Symbios SCSI BIOS should avoid SCSI bus resets as much as
possible.
This option allows the user to enable an adapter to join a cluster of adapters without doing any SCSI
bus resets. This is a requirement for Microsoft Cluster Server. The default value is No with an
alternate option of Yes.
Termination Control
Auto
If available, the field indicates whether an adapter has automatic termination control.
Auto means that the adapter automatically determines whether it should enable or disable its
termination. Auto is the default state unless termination is done manually, in which case, the
configuration is Off.
95
3 Interface Cards
SCSI Adapter Cards
Field
Default Settings
Description
MT/Sec
80
Indicates the maximum synchronous data transfer rate in megatransfers per second.
Data Width
16
Maximum data width in bits.
Scan ID
Yes
Indicates whether to scan for this SCSI identifier at boot time. Utilizing this setting allows
you to ignore a device. This decreases boot time by disabling inquiry of unused SCSI
identifiers.
Set this option to No if there is a device that you do not want to be available to the system.
Also, on a bus with only a few devices attached, the user can speed up boot time by
changing this setting to No for all unused SCSI IDs.
Scan LUNs
Yes
Indicates whether to scan for LUNs greater than zero for a device. LUN 0 is always queried.
This option should be used if a multi-LUN device responds to unoccupied LUNs or if it is
desired to reduce the visibility of a multi-LUN device to LUN 0 only.
Set this option to No if you have problems with a device that responds to all LUNs whether
they are occupied or not. Also, if a SCSI device with multiple LUNs exists on your system but
you do not want all of those LUNs to be available to the system, then set this option to No.
This will limit the scan to LUN 0.
Disconnect
On
Indicates whether to allow a device to disconnect during SCSI operations. Some (usually
newer) devices run faster with disconnect enabled, while some (usually older) devices run
faster with disconnect disabled.
SCSI Timeout
10
Indicates the maximum allowable time for completion of a SCSI operation in seconds.
Since time-outs provide a safeguard that allows the system to recover should an operation
fail, it is recommended that a value greater than zero be used. A value of zero allows
unlimited time for an operation to complete and could result in the system hanging (waiting
forever) should an operation fail.
Note: This field is executable and must be selected with the Enter key. You also input the
new value with the number keys from the keyboard, not the number pad.
Queue Tags
On
This field indicates whether to allow the use of queue tags for a device. Currently the BIOS
does not use queue tags. This item specifies queue tag control to higher level device drivers.
Starting the Symbios Configuration Utility
You access the Symbios Configuration Utility by pressing Ctrl-C when the
message Press Ctrl-C to start Symbios Configuration
Utility... is displayed during the PC Workstation’s start-up routine. A
further message is then displayed: Please wait, invoking Symbios
Configuration Utility... before the Main menu of the Symbios
Configuration utility appears.
96
4
Mass Storage Devices
This chapter describes the mass storage devices that are supplied with the
PC Workstation. For the position of the different mass storage devices, refer
to the diagram on page 13 for the Desktop package and page 14 for the
Minitower package. This chapter also summarizes the pin connections on
internal and external connectors.
HP product numbers and replacement part numbers for mass storage
devices are listed in the Service Handbook Chapters, which can be accessed
from the HP World Wide Web site at the following address:
http://www.hp.com/go/kayaksupport.
Information about available accessories can be obtained from
http://www.hp.com/go/pcaccessories
Flexible Disk Drives
A 3.5-inch, 1.44 MB flexible disk drive is supplied in the front-access shelf.
Hard Disk Drives
The following table lists the 3.5-inch (1-inch high) hard disk drives (which
are subject to change) that may be supplied with the HP Kayak XM600
Series 2 Desktop and Minitower PC Workstations (type and quantity
depends on model) on internal shelves, connected to the SCSI or IDE
controller.
IDE Hard Disk Drives
IBM Deskstar
75GXP IDE
(7.2 krpm)
IBM Deskstar
(Telesto LP)
75GXP IDE
(7.2 krpm)
Capacity
20.5 GB
46.1 GB
Interface
UltraIDE ATA/66
UltraIDE ATA/66
External peak transfer rate
66 MB/s
66 MB/s
Average seek time (read)
8.5 ms
8.5 ms
Media transfer rate (Mb/s)
444 Mb/s max.
444 Mb/s max.
Number of discs/heads
2/3
3/6
Buffer size
2 MB
2 MB
97
4 Mass Storage Devices
SCSI Hard Disk Drives
Seagate
Barracuda 18XL
SCSI (7.2 krpm)
Seagate
Barracuda 18XL
SCSI (7.2 krpm)
Capacity
9.2 GB
18.4 GB
Interface
Ultra160 SCSI
Ultra160 SCSI
External peak transfer rate
160 MB/s
160 MB/s
Average seek time (read)
5.8 ms
5.8 ms
Internal transfer rate (Mb/s)
195 Mb/s min. to
315 Mb/s max.
195 Mb/s min. to
315 Mb/s max.
Number of discs/heads
2/3
3/6
Buffer size
4 MB
4 MB
Quantum
Atlas 10K II
SCSI (10 krpm)
Quantum
Atlas 10K II
SCSI (10 krpm)
Quantum
Atlas 10K II
SCSI (10 krpm)
Capacity
9.2 GB
18.4 GB
36.7 GB
Interface
Ultra160 SCSI
Ultra160 SCSI
Ultra160 SCSI
External peak transfer rate
160 MB/s
160 MB/s
160 MB/s
Average seek time (read)
4.7 ms
4.7 ms
4.7 ms
Internal data rate (Mb/s)
280 Mb/s min. to
478 Mb/s max.
280 Mb/s min. to
478 Mb/s max.
280 Mb/s min. to
478 Mb/s max.
Number of discs/heads
2/3
3/6
5/10
Buffer size
8 MB
8 MB
8 MB
98
4 Mass Storage Devices
CD-ROM Drives
IDE 48X CD-ROM Drive
Some models1 have a 48X IDE CD-ROM drive supplied in a 5.25-inch
front-access shelf ATAPI, supporting ATAPI commands and with audio
playback capability. It can play any standard CD-Audio disks, in addition to
CD-ROM disks, conforming to optical and mechanical standards as specified
in the Red, Yellow, Green and Orange Book.
Some of the 48X IDE CD-ROM features include:
•
Application Disk type (confirmed by Red, Yellow, Green, Orange Book)
•
CD-ROM data disk (Mode 1 and Mode 2)
•
Photo-CD Multisession
•
CD Audio disk
•
Mixed mode CD-ROM disk (data and audio)
•
CD-ROM XA, CD-I, CD-Extra, CD-R, CD-RW
Description
Data capacity
Data transfer rate
650 MB
Sustained transfer rate (1X=150 KB/s); Outerside: 7,200 KB/s
Burst transfer rate:
Buffer memory size
Access time
Rotational speed
Interface
Power requirements
PIO mode 4 - 16.6 Mbytes/s maximum
Single Word DMA Mode 2 - 8.3 Mbytes/s maximum
Multi Word DMA Mode 2 - 16.6 Mbytes/s maximum
128 Kbytes
Average Stroke (1 / 3) 110 ms
Full Stroke 180 ms
2,048 bytes (Mode-1)
2,336 bytes (Mode-2)
ATAPI
5V, 1.2A
12V, 0.8A
1.
Refer to the HP Kayak PC Workstations Service Handbook to find out which
models are installed with the 48X IDE CD-ROM.
99
4 Mass Storage Devices
8X Video IDE DVD-ROM Some models1 have a DVD-ROM (Read Only) drive. It can play any standard
CD-Audio disks, in addition to CD-ROM disks, conforming to optical and
Drive
mechanical standards as specified in the Red, Yellow, Orange and Green
Books.
Description
Data capacity
Data transfer rate
650 MB
Sustained transfer rate (1X=150 KB/s); Outerside: 7,200 KB/s
Burst transfer rate:
Buffer memory size
Access time
Rotational speed
Interface
Power requirements
PIO mode 4 - 16.6 Mbytes/s maximum
Single Word DMA Mode 2 - 8.3 Mbytes/s maximum
Multi Word DMA Mode 2 - 16.6 Mbytes/s maximum
128 Kbytes
Average Stroke (1 / 3) 110 ms
Full Stroke 180 ms
2,048 bytes (Mode-1)
2,336 bytes (Mode-2)
ATAPI
5V, 1.2A
12V, 0.8A
1.
100
Refer to the HP Kayak PC Workstations Service Handbook to find out which
models are installed with the DVD-ROM drive.
4 Mass Storage Devices
8X IDE CD-Writer Plus
Drive
Some models1 have a CD-RW (ReWritable) drive supplied in a 5.25-inch
front-access shelf ATAPI, supporting ATAPI commands and with audio
playback capability. It can play any standard CD-Audio disks, in addition to
CD-ROM disks, and can record both write-once (CD-R) and CD-RW optical
media. It conforms to optical and mechanical standards as specified in the
Red, Yellow, Orange and Green Books.
Description
Data capacity
650 MB or up to 74 minutes of audio per disc
547MB in CD-UDF data format
Performance
Typical: 110 ms (random, 1/3 access including latency)
Maximum: 130 ms (random, 1/3 access including latency)
Data transfer rate:
Read: Up to 32X (1X=150 KB/s)
Write: 8X (CD-R); 4X (CD-RW)
Burst transfer rate
16.67 Mbytes/sec.
Spin-up time
3.2 seconds (disk stop to high speed)
Spin-down time
2.5 seconds (disk high speed to stop)
Corrected error rate
ECC On (max. 32X): 1 block/1012 bits
ECC Off (max. 32X): 1 block/109 bits
Data Buffer Capacity
2 MB
Write methods
- Track at once
- Session at once
- Disc at once
- Variable packet writing
- Fixed packet writing
- Multisession
Format and EEC standard
Red, Yellow, Orange, Green books
MTBF
120,000 POH
Interface
E-IDE and ATAPI
1.
Refer to the HP Kayak PC Workstations Service Handbook to find out which
models are installed with the HP CD-RW drive.
101
4 Mass Storage Devices
102
5
HP BIOS
This chapter summarizes the Setup program and BIOS of the HP Kayak
XM600 Series 2 PC Workstation. The POST routines are described in the
next chapter.
The BIOS is based on the core Phoenix BIOS, which includes 4 M/bits of
flash memory, support for PCI 2.2 Specification, suspend to RAM, and RIMM
or DIMM memory modules.
The BIOS includes a Boot ROM for the 3COM 3C905C and HP LAN cards.
The System ROM contains the POST (Power-On Self-Test) routines, and the
BIOS: the System BIOS, video BIOS, and low option ROM. This chapter,
together with the subsequent chapter, gives an overview of the following
aspects:
•
•
•
Menu-driven Setup with context-sensitive help, described next in this
chapter.
The address space, with details of the interrupts used, described at the
end of this chapter.
The Power-On Self-Test or POST, which is the sequence of tests the
computer performs to ensure that the system is functioning correctly,
described in the next chapter.
The system BIOS is identified by the version number IC.YM, where:
•
•
•
IC is a two-letter code indicating that it is for the Kayak XM600.
Y is a one-digit code indicating the HP entity.
M is the major BIOS version.
An example of a released version would look similar to the following the
example: IC.11.08.
The procedure for updating the System ROM firmware is described on
page 109.
NOTE
The BIOS for the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 is backward compatible with the
BIOS for the HP Kayak XM600 (no Series). Older BIOS versions should not
be used on the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2.
103
5 HP BIOS
Using the HP Setup Program
To run the Setup program, press
while the initial HP logo is displayed,
immediately after restarting the PC Workstation.
Alternatively, press
to view the summary configuration screen. By
default, this remains on the screen for 15 seconds, but pressing any key will
ignore this delay. It is not possible to hold the summary configuration screen
indefinitely on the screen.
The band along the top of the Setup screen offers the following menus:
Main, Advanced, Security, Boot, Power and Exit. These are selected using
the left and right arrow keys.
The following screens are examples of a BIOS configuration.
Main Screen
The Main Screen presents a list of fields. To change a value press either the
or
keys.
PhoenixBIOS Setup Utility
Main
Advanced
Security
BIOS Version:
IC.11.02
PnP OS
Reset Configuration Data:
[No]
[No]
System Time:
System Date:
[14:42:33]
[02/08/2000]
Key Click:
Keyboard auto-repeat rate speed:
Delay before auto-repeat:
Numlock at Power-on:
[Disabled]
[21.8 per Second]
[0.50 Second]
[On]
Boot
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
.
F1
Help
Select Item
F7/F8
Change Values
F9
Setup Defaults
ESC
Exit
Select Menu
Enter
Select > Sub-Menu
F10
Previous Values
104
5 HP BIOS
Advanced Screen
The Advanced Screen does not have the same structure as the Main Screen
and Power Screen. Instead of presenting a list of fields, it offers a list of
sub-menus.
The Advanced screen is to be used by advanced users who wish to carry out
special system configurations.
Main
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
Advanced
Security
Boot
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
.
Processors, Memory and Cache
Floppy Disk Drives
IDE Devices
Integrated USB Interface
Integrated I/O Ports
Integrated Audio Device
AGP Configuration (Video)
PCI Device, slot #1
PCI Device, slot #2
PCI Device, slot #3
PCI Device, slot #4
PCI Device, slot #5
Processors, Memory and Cache
Advanced
Processors, Memory and Cache
1.
Processor Type
CPU Speed
Pentium (R) III
866 MHz
Processor Serial Number
[Disabled]
Memory Caching
Memory Error Checking1
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
Item-Specific Help
Only if ECC modules are detected.
Floppy Disk Drives
Advanced
Floppy Disk Drives
Floppy Disk Controller
Floppy Disk Drive A
Floppy Disk Drive B
Item-Specific Help
[Enabled]
[1.44, 3½”]
[Not installed]
105
5 HP BIOS
IDE Devices
Advanced
IDE Devices
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
Item-Specific Help
IDE Primary Master Device
IDE Primary Slave Device
[None]
[None]
IDE Secondary Master Device
IDE Secondary Slave Device
[None]
[None]
Large Disk Access Method
Integrated IDE Controller
[NT/DOS]
[Both Enabled]
IDE Primary Master Device
Advanced
IDE Primary Master Device (HD 2564)
Item-Specific Help
Type
Multisector transfer
LBA Mode Control
32 bit I/O
Transfer Mode
ULTRA DMA Mode
Integrated USB Interface
Advanced
Integrated USB Interface
USB Controller
Legacy Keyboard Emulation
Item-Specific Help
[Auto]
[Disabled]
Integrated I/O Ports
Advanced
Integrated I/O Ports
Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
Serial Port A
Serial Port B
Item-Specific Help
[Auto]
[ECP]
[Auto]
[Auto]
Integrated Audio Device
Advanced
Integrated Audio Device
Integrated Audio
106
[Enabled]
Item-Specific Help
5 HP BIOS
AGP Configuration (Video)
Advanced
AGP Configuration (Video)
Graphic Aperture
Item-Specific Help
[64 MB]
PCI Device, Slot #1
Advanced
PCI Device, Slot 11
Option ROM Scan
Bus Master
Bus Latency Timer
1.
Item-Specific Help
[Auto]
[Disabled]
[0040h]
PCI Slot #x have the same options as above. PCI Device, Slot 1 is only used as an example.
Security Screen
Sub-menus are presented for changing the characteristics and values of the
System Administrator Password, User Password, Power-on Password, boot
device security and Hardware Protection.
Main
>>
Security
Advanced
Administrator Password
Set Administrator Password
Clear Both Passwords
Clear
[Enter]
[Enter]
User Password
Set User Password
Clear
[Enter]
Power-on Password
[Disabled]
Start from Floppy
Start from CD-ROM
Start from HDD
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
Boot
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
.
Hardware Protection
Hardware Protection
Security
Hardware Protection
Write on Floppy Disks
[Unlocked]
Secured Setup Configuration
Hard Disk Boot Sector
[No]
[Unlocked]
Item-Specific Help
107
5 HP BIOS
Boot Screen
This screen allows you to select the order of the devices in which you want
the BIOS to attempt to boot the operating system:
•
•
Hard disk drives
Removable devices.
The operating system assigns drive letters to these devices in the order you
specify. During POST, if the BIOS is unsuccessful at booting from one device,
it will then attempt to boot from the next device on the Boot Device Priority
list until an operating system is found.
Main
Advanced
Quickboot Mode
Display Option ROM Messages
>
>
>
Security
Boot
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
.
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
Boot Device Priority
Hard Disk Drives
Removable Devices
Power Screen
This screen allows you to set the standby delay and suspend delay. Standby
mode slows down the processor, while the suspend mode saves a maximum
of energy. Both these options are only available with Windows 95 RTM. For
other operating systems, Windows 95 SR 2.5, Windows 98 and Windows
2000, use the control panel for similar options.
Modem ring enables or disables the system to return to full speed when an
IRQ is generated. Network interface enables or disables the system to return
to full speed when a specific command is received by the network interface.
Main
108
Advanced
Security
Standby Delay
Suspend Delay
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
Suspend Wakeup
Modem Ring
Network Interface
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
Boot
Power
Exit
Item-Specific Help
.
5 HP BIOS
Updating the System BIOS
Updating the System BIOS
The latest system BIOS (standard flash operation) can be downloaded from
HP’s Support Web site at: www.hp.com/go/kayaksupport. Then select HP
Kayak XM600 PC Workstation.
Instructions on updating the BIOS are supplied with the downloaded BIOS
files and a BIOS flash utility (flash.txt).
The BIOS update not only flashes the BIOS, but also updates MaxiLife. How
the System BIOS flash is carried out is shown below.
Boot from
floppy disk
Flash
BIOS
Reboot PC
Workstation
(press a key)
Flash
MaxiLife
PC Workstation
powers off
automatically
PC Workstation
powers on
automatically
PC Workstation
Boots
Do not switch off the computer until the system BIOS update procedure has
completed, successfully or not, otherwise irrecoverable damage to the ROM
may be caused.
Restoring BIOS Default Settings
Suspected hardware errors may be caused by BIOS and configuration
issues. If the BIOS settings are suspected to be wrong, do the following steps
to restore the BIOS to its default setting:
while the initial HP logo is displayed immediately after
1 Press
restarting the PC Workstation to access the Setup program.
to load the default settings from the Setup program.
2 Press
3 Set the “Reset Configuration Data” to Yes in the Main menu.
It is recommended that before you make any modifications to the BIOS
you take note of the system setup.
109
5 HP BIOS
If You Forgot the Administrator Password
If You Forgot the Administrator Password
1 Switch off the PC Workstation and remove the power cord.
2 Remove the PC Workstation’s cover.
3 Set switch 9 on the system board switch block to the ON position.
4 Replace the power cord and restart the PC Workstation.
5 When the message Passwords have been cleared appears on screen,
switch off the PC Workstation.
6 Remove the power cord and reset switch 9 back to the OFF position.
7 Replace the PC Workstation’s cover.
8 Switch on the PC Workstation and allow it to complete its startup routine.
9 After the Power-On-Self-Test has completed, press F2 when prompted to
use the Setup program.
10 Set the Administrator and new User passwords.
11 Press Esc, or F3, or select Exit Menu, to save the new Password and
exit Setup.
110
5 HP BIOS
Clearing the CMOS
Clearing the CMOS
1 Turn off the PC Workstation, disconnect the power cord and all cables,
then remove the cover.
2 Set the system board switch 8 to the ON position.
3 Replace the cover, and reconnect the power cord and video cable.
4 Reboot the PC Workstation. A message similar to the following will be
displayed:
“Configuration has been cleared, set switch Clear to the
ON position before rebooting.”
5 Turn off the PC Workstation, disconnect the power cord and video cable,
and remove the cover.
6 Set the system board switch 8 to the OFF position.
7 Replace the cover, and reconnect the power cord and data cables.
8 Switch on the PC Workstation. Run the Setup program by pressing F2.
Then press F9, the CMOS default values will be automatically downloaded
and saved.
9 Press Esc to save the configuration and exit from the Setup program.
111
5 HP BIOS
Recovering the BIOS (Crisis Mode)
Recovering the BIOS (Crisis Mode)
If for some reason the BIOS is corrupted and the standard flash cannot be
used, use the BIOS Recovery Mode (exceptional BIOS recovery operation)
to restore the BIOS. To do this:
1 Obtain a bootable DOS floppy disk.
2 Copy the BIOS files on to the floppy disk.
How to download the system BIOS is described on page 109.
3 Create (or edit) the file, AUTOEXEC.BAT
This should contain a single line of text:
“phlash /c /mode=3 /s IC1109US.FUL”
(rename the BIOS filename with the one on the floppy disk).
4 Shut down the PC Workstation.
5 Power off the PC Workstation and remove the power cord.
6 Remove the cover.
7 Set switch 7 to the ON position.
8 Insert the floppy disk into the floppy disk drive.
9 Reconnect the power cord and switch on the PC Workstation.
10 The PC Workstation boots from the floppy disk, then flashes the BIOS.
However, it should be noted, that during the flash process, the screen
remains blank.
11 The recovery process is finished when there is one very long beep.
12 Power off the PC Workstation. Remove the floppy disk from the drive.
Remove the power cord.
13 Set switch 7 back to the OFF position.
14 Replace the cover, reconnect the power cord, then reboot the PC
Workstation.
112
5 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
BIOS Addresses
This section provides a summary of the main features of the HP system
BIOS. This is software that provides an interface between the computer
hardware and the operating system.The procedure for updating the System
ROM firmware is described on page 109.
System Memory Map
Reserved memory used by accessory boards must be located in the area
from C8000h to EFFFFh.
0000 0000 - 0000 03FF
Real-mode IDT
0000 0400 - 0000 04FF
BIOS Data Area
0000 0500 - 0009 FC00
Used by Operating System
0009 FC00 - 0009 FFFF
Extended BIOS Data Area
000A_0000 - 000B_FFFF
Video RAM or
SMRAM (not visible unless in SMM)
000C 0000 - 000C 7FFF
Video ROM (VGA ROM)
000C 8000 - 000F FFFF
Adapter ROM, RAM, memory-mapped registers, BIOS
000E 0000-000F FFFF
128 KB BIOS (Flash/Shadow)
0001 0000-000F FFFF
Memory (1 MB to 16 MB)
0010 0000-001F FFFF
Memory (16 MB to 32 MB)
0020 0000-003F FFFF
Memory (32 MB to 64 MB)
0040 0000-007F FFFF
Memory (64 MB to 128 MB)
0080 0000-7FFF FFFF
Memory (128 MB to 2 GB)
FECO 0000
I/O APIC
FEEO 0000
Local APIC (each CPU)
FFFE 0000-FFFF FFFF
128 KB BIOS (Flash)
113
5 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
HP I/O Port Map (I/O Addresses Used by the System1)
Peripheral devices, accessory devices and system controllers are accessed
via the system I/O space, which is not located in system memory space. The
64 KB of addressable I/O space comprises 8-bit and 16-bit registers (called
I/O ports) located in the various system components. When installing an
accessory board, ensure that the I/O address space selected is in the free
area of the space reserved for accessory boards (100h to 3FFh).
Default Values for
I/O Address Ports
0000 - 000F
0020 - 0021
002E - 002F
0040 - 0043
0060, 0064
0061
0070
0070 - 0071
0080
0081 - 0083, 008F
0092
00A0 - 00A1
00C0 - 00DF
00F0 - 00FF
0170 - 0177
01F0 - 01F7
0278 - 027F
02E8 - 02EF
02F8 - 02FF
0372 - 0377
0378 - 037F
03B0 - 03DF
03E8 - 03EF
03F0 - 03F5
03F6
03F7
1.If configured.
114
Function
DMA controller 1
Master interrupt controller (8259)
Super I/O
Timer 1
Keyboard controller (reset, slow A20)
Port B (speaker, NMI status and control)
Bit 7: NMI mask register
RTC and CMOS
Manufacturing port (POST card)
DMA low page register
PS/2 reset and Fast A20
Slave interrupt controller
DMA controller 2
Co-processor error
Free (IDE secondary channel)
IDE primary channel
LPT 2
Serial port 4 (COM4)
Serial port 2 (COM2)
Free (IDE secondary channel, secondary floppy disk drive)
LPT1
VGA
COM3
Floppy disk drive controller
IDE primary channel
Floppy disk drive controller
5 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
Default Values for
I/O Address Ports
03F8 - 03FF
04D0 - 04D1
0778 - 077F
0CF8 - 0CFF
C000 C100 -
Function
COM1
Interrupt edge/level control
LPT1 ECP
PCI configuration space
Power Management I/O space and ACPI Registers
SMBus I/O space
DMA Channel Controllers
Only “I/O-to-memory” and “memory-to-I/O” transfers are allowed.
“I/O-to-I/O” and “memory-to-memory” transfers are disallowed by the
hardware configuration.
The system controller supports seven DMA channels, each with a page
register used to extend the addressing range of the channel to 16 MB.
The following table summarizes how the DMA channels are allocated.
DMA controller
Channel
Function
DMA 0
Free
DMA 1
Free if not used for parallel port in Setup
DMA 2
Floppy disk drive controller
DMA 3
Free if not used for parallel port in Setup
DMA 4
Used to cascade DMA channels 0-3
DMA 5
Free
DMA 6
Free
DMA 7
Free
Interrupt Controllers
The system has an Interrupt controller which is equivalent in function to
that of two 82C59 interrupt controllers. The following table shows how the
interrupts are connected to the APIC controller. The Interrupt Requests
(IRQ) are numbered sequentially, starting with the master controller, and
followed by the slave (both of 82C59 type).
115
5 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
I/O APIC
Input
116
IRQ
Interrupt Request Description
INTIN0
ICH
INTIN1
IRQ1
Super I/O Keyboard Controller
INTIN2
IRQ0
ICH System Timer
INTIN3
IRQ3
Super I/O - Used by serial port if enabled
INTIN4
IRQ4
Super I/O - Used by serial port if enabled
INTIN5
IRQ5
Free if not used for parallel port or audio
INTIN6
IRQ6
Super I/O - Floppy Disk Controller
INTIN7
IRQ7
Super I/O - LPT1
INTIN8
IRQ8
ICH - RTC
INTIN9
IRQ9
Available for PCI devices
INTIN10
IRQ10
Available for PCI devices
INTIN11
IRQ11
Available for PCI devices
INTIN12
IRQ12
Super I/O - Mouse
INTIN13
IRQ13
Co-processor
INTIN14
IRQ14
ICH - Integrated IDE Controller (primary)
INTIN15
IRQ15
ICH - Integrated IDE Controller (secondary).
INTIN16
PCINTA
INTIN17
PCINTB
INTIN18
PCINTC
INTIN19
PCINTD
INTIN20
TFPC IRQ
INTIN21
SCI IRQ
INTIN22
not connected
INTIN23
ICH SMI
(not used)
5 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
There are three major interrupt modes available:
PIC mode: This “Legacy” mode uses only the interrupt controllers.
Therefore, only one processor can be supported in this mode. This mode
can be selected upon installation of Windows NT.
Virtual wire mode: This mode is implemented using the 82C59 interrupt
and the I/O APIC controller and is used during boot time. The virtual wire
mode allows the transition to the “symmetric I/O mode”. In the virtual wire
mode, only one processor executes operations.
Symmetric I/O mode: This mode is implemented using the I/O APIC
controller and allows for multiple processor operations.
NOTE
In “PIC mode” and “virtual wire mode”, the PCI interrupts are routed to the
INT line. In the “symmetric I/O mode”, the PCI interrupts are routed to the
I/O APIC controllers and forwarded over an APIC bus to the processors.
PCI Interrupt Request Lines
PCI devices generate interrupt requests using up to four PCI interrupt
request lines (INTA#, INTB#, INTC#, and INTD#).
PCI interrupts can be shared; several devices can use the same interrupt.
However, optimal system performance is reached when minimizing the
sharing of interrupts. Refer to page 68 for a table of the PCI device
interrupts.
117
5 HP BIOS
BIOS Addresses
118
6
Tests and Error Messages
This chapter describes the MaxiLife firmware test sequences and error
messages, the pre-boot diagnostics error codes, the Power-On Self-Test
(POST) routines, which are contained in the computer’s ROM BIOS, the
error messages which can result, and the suggestions for corrective action.
MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages
NOTE
Both Desktop and Minitower models contain the MaxiLife firmware.
However, on the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower PC Workstation,
error messages are displayed on the MaxiLife LCD status panel. All LCD
status panel messages shown in this refer to the Minitower platform only.
When the PC Workstation is turned on (pressing the ON/OFF button), the
system initiates the normal startup sequence which is composed of the
following steps:
•
•
•
•
Basic pre-boot diagnostics
BIOS launch
POST phase
Operating System boot phase
If any errors are detected during the startup sequence, MaxiLife will not
necessarily ‘freeze’ the system. However, some critical hardware errors are
fatal to the system and will prevent the system from starting (for example,
‘CPU Socket’ and ‘Power Supply’ are serious malfunctions that will prevent
the system from working correctly).
Errors that are not so critical will be detected both during pre-boot
diagnostics and POST where the BIOS boot process will return an error
code. Some errors are only detected during POST sequence, and produce
the same process.
Finally, while the PC Workstation is working, fan and temperature controls
can be reported (for example, a fan error will be reported if a fan cable is not
connected). This type of error disappears as soon as the problem is fixed
(for example, the fan cable has been reconnected).
The different diagnostics are described below.
119
6 Tests and Error Messages
MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages
Basic Pre-boot Diagnostics
The first diagnostic (called basic pre-boot diagnostics) is run to check the
presence of the processor(s) or terminators, power supply, hardware
monitoring and thermal sensors. Simply by having a power cord connected
to the PC Workstation activates the Basic Pre-boot Diagnostics.
The pre-boot diagnostic tests are run in order of priority with respect to
their importance to computer functions.
On the HP Kayak XM 600 Series 2 Minitower PC Workstation, the first
detected error displays a message on the LCD status panel. If this happens,
one of the following screens could appear.
Presence of processor, or
processor terminator
Control of some voltages:
12V, 3.3V, 1.8V, 2.5V, -5V
ERROR
ERROR
CPU Socket
Power Supply
Missing or incorrectly installed
processor or processor terminator
If a Power Supply error is displayed, a cause could be
with the power supply cabling or circuits.
The following diagram shows how the Pre-boot Diagnostics works when it
encounters an error.
CPU or Terminator
Vcc State (5V)
Voltage 12V, 3.3V, 1.8V, 2.5V
Voltage CPU1, CPU2
I2C Bus
MaxiLife Firmware
Hardware
Monitoring
Temperature
Sensors
System
Memory
LCD Status Panel
ERROR
CPU Socket
120
An error has been detected when checking the
processor and processor terminator. The
displayed error message could indicate a missing
processor or processor terminator.
6 Tests and Error Messages
MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages
The following table shows the test sequence carried out, the type of error
message, and the action to take.
Test
Error Code
Beep Codes
Action to Take
Presence of either a processor or processor
terminator
CPU Socket
1
Check that the processor(s), processor
terminator are correctly installed.
Control of some voltages: 12V, 3.3V, 1.8V, 2.5V
Power Supply
2
Check the power supply cable and
connectors, and processor.
Check the hardware monitoring.
No HW Monitoring
System board problem.
Check thermal sensor.
Therm. Sensor 90
System board problem.
Check thermal sensor.
Therm. Sensor 92
System board problem.
Pre-boot Diagnostics Error Codes
When a failure occurs prior to operating system loading, the PC emits a
distinctive modulated sound (repeated three times), followed by a series of
beeps. These beeps identify the part that needs troubleshooting or
replacement.
Number
of beeps
Problem
1
Absent or incorrectly connected processor.
2
Power supply is in protected mode.
3
Memory modules not present, incompatible or not functioning.
4
Video controller failure.
5
PnP/PCI initialization failure.
6
Corrupted BIOS. You need to activate crisis recovery procedure.
7
System board failure.
121
6 Tests and Error Messages
MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages
Post Test Sequence and Post Error
In this phase, MaxiLife waits for any error messages that the BIOS may
issue. If such an error occurs, then an error code is displayed on the monitor
screen.
On the HP Kayak XM 600 Series 2 Minitower PC Workstation, a screen
similar to the following example is displayed. The error code that appears on
the LCD status panel is the same as the one that appears on the monitor
screen. If the POST issues several error codes, only the last one is visible on
the LCD status panel.
ERROR
Keyboard Test
The following diagrams show the different BIOS-generated errors.
“BIOS” ERROR
BIOS
MaxiLife
“Spy System
Memory”
“read system memory”
There is a time-out of 3 seconds before
the message is displayed on the LCD
status panel and video display.
ERROR
BIOS Check sum
System Memory
LCD Status Panel
“BIOS”-Generated Errors
“No Video”
BIOS
MaxiLife
ERROR
No Video
Video
Slots
LCD Status Panel
Beep Codes
122
6 Tests and Error Messages
MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages
Test
Error Code
Beep Codes
Action to Take
Incompatible memory modules
Mem Miscompare
3
Check that the memory modules are of
the same speed and type.
Presence of continuity modules in the RIMM
sockets
RIMM Continuity
3
Check that the RDRAM continuity
modules are installed
Compatibility speed rating of installed RDRAM
modules
RIMM speed
3
Check that the installed RDRAM modules
have the same speed ratings
Compatibility of installed RDRAM modules
RIMM Devices
3
The 32 device limit per RDRAM has been
exceeded.
Presence of memory modules
No RIMM
3
Check that the memory modules are
correctly installed
Availability of video controller. It is checked by
the BIOS. If an error is detected, it is not a fatal
one and the BIOS will continue its execution
normally.
No Video
4
Check that the video controller is
correctly installed
Note: No error is detected if a monitor is
not connected to an installed video
controller. This is not a fatal error and
the BIOS will continue its normal
execution.
Operating System Boot Phase
If no error message has been displayed at this stage of the system startup by
the BIOS, the operating system is launched.
On the HP Kayak XM 600 Series 2 Minitower PC Workstation, the LCD
status panel will display the system platform and a “smiling icon.”
Run-Time Errors
During the normal usage of the PC Workstation (and at boot), MaxiLife
continually monitors vital system parameters. These include: temperature
errors, fan malfunctions, power voltage drops and CPU problems.
123
6 Tests and Error Messages
MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages
Test
Error Code
During normal usage of the PC, HP MaxiLife
continually checks vital system parameters. If an
error occurs, a message appears on the LCD
panel.
Action to Take
System FAN
System or chassis fan, fan cable.
PCI FAN
PCI fan, fan cable.
CPU 1 FAN
CPU 1 fan, fan cable.
CPU 2 FAN
CPU 2 fan, fan cable.
Processor Temp
Processor temperature > 85°C.
CPU Temperature
Thermal or internal processor failure.
PCI Temperature
Ambient or PCI temperature > 64°C.
Disk Temperature
Disk temperature > 58°C, or sensor unplugged.
PSU 12 V error
Power supply unit has failed. Try the following:
Power CPU error
1 Replace the power supply unit with a known working one.
PSU 3V3 error
2 If the problem persists, replace the system board.
PSU 2V5 error
PSU 1V8 error
PSU -5V error
Main Menu (Minitower models only)
The main menu is displayed when any of the LCD buttons are pressed
(MaxiLife LCD status panel can be accessed even though the PC
Workstation is turned off). The Main Menu comprises three sub-menus:
System Info, Boot Steps and Boot report.
124
6 Tests and Error Messages
MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages
System Info
Obtains information from the BIOS and the system’s Serial EEPROM. This
information includes: product name, BIOS version, serial number, number of
processors and speed, size of memory for each socket. The following
diagram shows how the System Info obtains its information.
System Info
strings in EEPROM
MaxiLife
HP Kayak XM600
Info
Write
Services
BIOS
LCD Status Panel
DMI Table
Boot Steps
Shows the Power-On-Self-Test (POST) codes during the system startup.
The POST code is provided by the BIOS and is displayed on the LCD panel
as soon as it is available. If the system stops during the startup, the last
successful boot step POST code is displayed on the LCD. When Boot Steps
is selected, the POST step will be shown on the LCD status panel during the
subsequent boot processes.
To ensure that MaxiLife is ready to display the first POST codes as soon as
possible, the Pre-boot diagnostics are not executed when the system is
booted with the Boot Steps option selected. The following diagram shows
how Boot Steps obtains its information from the BIOS, and then displays a
POST error if needed.
System Info
Boot Steps
Next
HP KAYAK XM600
Post Code 24
MaxiLife
Ok
This is a toggle item,
which is indicated with
a check mark
“Write
POST
Code”
BIOS
“Write
POST
ERROR”
Error
Post Code XX
Boot report
Runs a set of diagnostics assessing the system’s components. Results of the
tests are displayed on the LCD status panel, one after another, when the
LCD
buttons are pressed.
125
6 Tests and Error Messages
MaxiLife Test Sequence and Error Messages
Components are tested in sequence when the “Next” button is pressed.
When they have all been checked, a diagnostic screen is shown. Depending
on the result of the diagnostics, the screen could indicate either:
Diagnostics Done OK or FAIL.
At the end of the test, you can exit the diagnostic mode by pressing the
LCD button.
For More Information
About MaxiLife
Refer to the online Troubleshooting Guide for more information about this
diagnostics utility at the HP World Wide Web site:
http://www.hp.com/go/kayaksupport.
126
6 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Each time the system is powered on, or a reset is performed, the POST is
executed. The POST process verifies the basic functionality of the system
components and initializes certain system parameters.
The POST starts by displaying a graphic screen of the HP PC Workstation’s
logo when the PC Workstation is restarted. If you wish to view the POST
details, press Esc to get the HP Summary Screen.
If the POST detects an error, the screen switches to text mode, and a
detailed error message is displayed inside a view system errors screen, in
which the error message utility (EMU) not only displays the error diagnosis,
but the suggestions for corrective action (refer to page 135 for a brief
summary).
On the HP Kayak XM600 Series 2 Minitower PC Workstation, the LCD
status panel displays either a message, a POST code number (refer to page
127) or an EMU code.
Devices such as memory and newly installed hard disks, are configured
automatically. The user is not requested to confirm the change.
During the POST, the BIOS and other ROM data are copied into high-speed
shadow RAM. The shadow RAM is addressed at the same physical location
as the original ROM in a manner which is completely transparent to
applications. It therefore appears to behave as very fast ROM. This
technique provides faster access to the system BIOS firmware.
The following table lists the POST checkpoint codes and their associated
beeps. Refer to page 121 for more details about pre-boot diagnostics error
codes.
Checkpoint
Code
POST Routine Description
02h
Verify Real Mode
03h
Disable Non-Maskable Interrupt (NMI)
04h
Get CPU type
MaxiLife LCD
Display
Message
Beep
Codes
127
6 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
128
POST Routine Description
MaxiLife LCD
Display
Message
06h
Initialize system hardware
08h
Initialize chipset with initial POST values
09h
Set IN POST flag
P.O.S.T Start
0Ah
Initialize CPU registers
CPU Regist. Init
0Bh
Enable CPU cache
0Ch
Initialize caches to initial POST values
0Eh
Initialize I/O component
I/O Init.
0Fh
Initialize the local bus IDE
IDE Init.
10h
Initialize Power Management
11h
Load alternate registers with initial POST values
12h
Restore CPU control word during warm boot
13h
Initialize PCI Bus Mastering devices
14h
Initialize keyboard controller
16h
BIOS ROM checksum
17h
Initialize cache before memory autosize
18h
8254 timer initialization
1Ah
8237 DMA controller initialization
1Ch
Reset Programmable Interrupt Controller
20h
Test DRAM refresh
RAM Refresh Test
22h
Test 8742 keyboard controller
Keyb. Ctrl. Test
24h
Set ES segment register to 4 GB
26h
Enable A20 line
28h
Autosize DRAM
29h
Initialize POST Memory Manager
2Ah
Clear 512 KB base RAM
Beep
Codes
PCI Mast. Init.
BIOS Check sum
Memory Detection
3
6 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
POST Routine Description
MaxiLife LCD
Display
Message
Beep
Codes
2Ch
RAM failure on address line 1
RAM Add. Failure
2Eh
RAM failure on data bits xxxx1 of low byte of memory bus
RAM Data Low
2Fh
Enable cache before system BIOS shadow
30h
RAM failure on data bits xxxx1 of high byte of memory bus
32h
Test CPU bus-clock frequency
33h
Initialize POST Dispatch Manager
36h
Warm start shut down
38h
Shadow system BIOS ROM
3Ah
Autosize cache
3Ch
Advanced configuration of chipset registers
3Dh
Load alternate registers with CMOS values
42h
Initialize interrupt vectors
45h
POST device initialization
46h
Check ROM copyright notice
48h
Check video configuration against CMOS
49h
Initialize PCI bus and devices
PCI Detection
5
4Ah
Initialize all video adapters in system
Video Detection
4
4Bh
Display QuietBoot screen (optional)
4Ch
Shadow video BIOS ROM
4Eh
Display BIOS copyright notice
50h
Display CPU type and speed
51h
Initialize EISA board
52h
Test keyboard
54h
Set key click if enabled
RAM Data High
Shadow BIOS
ROM
Keyboard Test
129
6 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
130
POST Routine Description
MaxiLife LCD
Display
Message
56h
Enable keyboard
58h
Test for unexpected interrupts
59h
Initialize POST display service
5Ah
Display prompt “Press F2 to enter SETUP”
5Bh
Disable CPU cache
5Ch
Test RAM between 512 and 640 KB
Base Memory Test
60h
Test extended memory
Ext. Memory Data
62h
Test extended memory address lines
Ext. Memory Add.
64h
Jump to UserPatch1
66h
Configure advanced cache registers
67h
Initialize Multi Processor APIC
68h
Enable external and CPU caches
69h
Setup System Management Mode (SMM) area
6Ah
Display external L2 cache size
6Ch
Display shadow-area message
6Eh
Display possible high address for UMB recovery
70h
Display error messages
72h
Check for configuration errors
76h
Check for keyboard errors
7Ch
Set up hardware interrupt vectors
7Eh
Initialize coprocessor if present
80h
Disable onboard Super I/O ports and IRQs
81h
Late POST device initialization
82h
Detect and install external RS 232 ports
83h
Configure non-MCD IDE controllers
Unexpect. STOP
Keyboard Test
Beep
Codes
6 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
POST Routine Description
MaxiLife LCD
Display
Message
84h
Detect and install external parallel ports
85h
Initialize PC-compatible PnP ISA devices
86h
Re-initialize onboard I/O ports
87h
Configure System Board Configurable Devices (optional)
88h
Initialize BIOS Data Area
89h
Enable Non-Maskable Interrupts (NMIs)
8Ah
Initialize Extended BIOS Data Area
8Bh
Test and initialize PS/2
8Ch
Initialize floppy controller
8Fh
Determine number of ATA drives (optional)
90h
Initialize hard disk controllers
Disc Ctrl. Init.
91h
Initialize local-bus hard disk controllers
Disc Bus Init.
92h
Jump to UsersPatch2
Maxilife Test
93h
Build MPTABLE for multi-processor boards
95h
Install CD-ROM for boot
96h
Clear huge ES segment register
97h
Fix up Multi Processor table
98h
Search for option ROMs.
99h
Check for SMART drive
9Ah
Shadow option ROMs
9Ch
Set up Power Management
9Dh
Initialize security engine (optional)
9Eh
Enable hardware interrupts
9Fh
Determine number of ATA and SCSI drives
A0h
Set time of day
Beep
Codes
Mouse PS2 Test
CDROM Ctr. Init.
Opt. Rom Detect.
Check ATA / SCSI
131
6 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
132
POST Routine Description
MaxiLife LCD
Display
Message
A2h
Check key lock
A4h
Initialize typematic rate
A8h
Erase F2 prompt
AAh
Scan for F2 key stroke
ACh
Enter SETUP
AEh
Clear Boot flag
B0h
Check for errors
B2h
POST done - prepare to boot operating system
B5H
Terminate QuietBoot (optional)
B6h
Check password (optional)
Check Password
B7h
ACPI tables initialized
ACPI Init.
B8h
Clear global descriptor table
B9h
Prepare Boot
Prepare Boot...
BAh
Initialize DMI parameters
DMI Tables Init.
BBh
Initialize PnP Option ROMs
PNP Opt. ROM Init
BCh
Clear parity checkers
BDh
Display MultiBoot menu
BEh
Clear screen (optional)
BFh
Check virus and backup reminders
C0h
Try to boot with INT 19
C1h
Initialize POST Error Manager (PEM)
C2h
Initialize error logging
C3h
Initialize error display function
C4h
Initialize system error handling
C5h
PnPnd dual CMOS (optional)
BIOS SETUP
...Checking...
Beep
Codes
6 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
POST Routine Description
C6h
Initialize notebook docking (optional)
C7h
Initialize notebook docking late
C8h
Force check (optional)
C9h
Extended checksum (optional)
D2h
Unknown Interupt
MaxiLife LCD
Display
Message
Beep
Codes
The following are for boot block in Flash ROM
E0h
Initialize the chipset
E1h
Initialize the bridge
E2h
Initialize the CPU
E3h
Initialize system timer
E4h
Initialize system I/O
E5h
Check force recovery boot
E6h
Checksum BIOS ROM
E7h
Go to BIOS
E8h
Set Huge Segment
E9h
Initialize Multi Processor
EAh
Initialize OEM special code
EBh
Initialize PIC and DMA
ECh
Initialize Memory type
EDh
Initialize Memory size
EEh
Shadow Boot Block
EFh
System memory test
F0h
Initialize interrupt vectors
F1h
Initialize Run Time Clock
133
6 Tests and Error Messages
Order in Which POST Tests Are Performed
Checkpoint
Code
1.
134
POST Routine Description
F2h
Initialize video
F3h
Initialize System Management Mode
F4h
Output one beep before boot
F5h
Boot to Mini DOS
F6h
Clear Huge Segment
F7h
Boot to Full DOS
MaxiLife LCD
Display
Message
Beep
Codes
If the BIOS detects error 2C, 2E, or 30 (base 512K RAM error), it displays an additional word-bitmap
(xxxx) indicating the address line or bits that failed.For example:
“2C 0002” means line 1 (bit one set) has failed.
“2E 1020” means data bits 12 and 5 (bits 12 and 5 set) have failed in the lower 16 bits.
The BIOS also sends the bitmap to the port-80 LED display. It first displays the checkpoint code,
followed by a delay, the high-order byte, another delay, and then the low-order byte of the error. It
repeats this sequence continuously.
6 Tests and Error Messages
Error Message Summary
Error Message Summary
In the event of an error generated in POST (Power-On-Self-Test) during the
boot process, the Error Setup Manager gives access to one or more detected
errors. Each EMU error is displayed as a 4-digit code with an associated text
message on the monitor screen or/and the MaxiLife LCD panel.
Further details can be accessed by pressing ENTER. A detailed description
of the reason for the failure and how to solve the problem is displayed. The
following examples give the different types of error categories.
Category #1:
If an error can be bypassed with <F1> or solved through Setup, the POST should prompt:
ERROR
0070
CPU Terminator Card Error
Press <Enter> to view more information about error
Press <F1> to resume, <F2> to setup
Category #2:
If the error is only a warning (i.e. key stuck), the POST should prompt:
WARNING1
00100
1.
Keyboard Error
After a time-out period of five seconds without any intervention, the system resumes to boot.
Category #3:
00xx
If the error is serious, the POST should prompt:
The BIOS has detected a serious problem that prevents your PC from booting
Press <Enter> to view more information about error
135
6 Tests and Error Messages
Error Message Summary
Code #
Cause / Symptom
Short message (US)
0000h
Any POST error that is not listed below
System error
0010h
CMOS Checksum error (if no Serial EEProm)
Incorrect CMOS Checksum
0011h
Date and Time (CMOS backed up from SE2P)
Date and Time Lost
0012h
PC configuration lost (both SE2P and CMOS lost)
Incorrect PC Configuration
0020h
Any POST error regarding an AT option ROM
Option ROM Error
0040h
Serial number corrupted (bad checksum or null #)
Invalid PC Serial Number
0041
Product flag not initialized or bad
Invalid Internal product type
0060h
RPO initialization failure
Remote Power On Error
0070h
CPU Termination Card missing from Processor 2
socket in a mono-processor system
CPU Terminator Card Error
0100h
Keyboard stuck key
Keyboard Error
0101h
Keyboard self-test failure
Keyboard Error
0102h
Keyboard controller I/O access failure
Keyboard Error
0103h
Keyboard not connected
Keyboard Error
0300h
Floppy A: self-test failure
Flexible Disk Drive A Error
0301h
Floppy B: self-test failure
Flexible Disk Drive B Error
0310h
Floppy A: not detected (but configured in CMOS)
Flexible Disk Drive Error
0311h
Floppy B: not detected (but configured in CMOS)
Flexible Disk Drive Error
0306h
General failure on floppy controller
Flexible Disk Drive Error
0400h
CD-ROM test failure
CD-ROM Error
0401h
CD-ROM not detected (but configured in CMOS)
CD-ROM Error
0500h
General failure on HDD onboard primary ctrl
IDE Device Error
0501h
General failure on HDD onboard secondary ctrl
IDE Device Error
0510h
HDD # 0 self-test error
IDE Device # 0 Error
0520h
HDD # 0 not detected (but configured in CMOS)
IDE Device # 0 Error
0521h
HDD # 1 not detected (but configured in CMOS)
IDE Device # 1 Error
136
6 Tests and Error Messages
Error Message Summary
Code #
Cause / Symptom
Short message (US)
0522h
HDD # 2 not detected (but configured in CMOS)
IDE Device # 2 Error
0523h
HDD # 3 not detected (but configured in CMOS)
IDE Device # 3 Error
0530h
Found a drive on slave connector only (primary)
IDE Device Error
0531h
Found a drive on slave connector only (secondary)
IDE Device Error
0600h
Found less video memory than configured in CMOS
Video Memory Error
0700h
Found less DRAM memory than at previous boot
System Memory Error
0711h
Defective SIMM (module 1, bank 1)
System Memory Error
0800h
Found lower cache size than configured
System Cache Error
0801h
Cache self-test failure
System Cache Error
0A00h
Plug and Play video auto-setting failure (DDC hang)
DDC Video Error
The following table summarizes the most significant of the problems that
can be reported.
Message
Explanation or Suggestions for Corrective Action
Operating system not found
Check whether the disk, HDD, FDD or CD-ROM disk drive is
connected.
If it is connected, check that it is detected by POST.
Check that your boot device is enabled on the Setup Security
menu.
If the problem persists, check that the boot device contains the
operating system.
Missing operating system
If you have configured HDD user parameters, check that they are
correct. Otherwise, use HDD type “Auto” parameters.
Resource Allocation Conflict -PCI device
0079 on system board
Clear CMOS.
Video Plug and Play interrupted or
failed. Re-enable in Setup and try again
You may have powered your computer Off/On too quickly and the
computer turned off Video plug and play as a protection.
System CMOS checksum bad - run
Setup
CMOS contents have changed between 2 power-on sessions. Run
Setup for configuration.
No message, system “hangs”
Check that the main memory modules are correctly set in their
sockets.
137
6 Tests and Error Messages
Error Message Summary
Message
Other
138
Explanation or Suggestions for Corrective Action
An error message may be displayed and the computer may “hang”
for 20 seconds and then beep. The POST is probably checking for a
mass storage device which it cannot find and the computer is in
Time-out Mode. After Time-out, run Setup to check the
configuration.
7
Connectors and Sockets
IDE Drive Connectors
IDE Connectors
Pin
Signal
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
Reset#
HD7
HD6
HD5
HD4
HD3
HD2
HD1
HD0
Ground 7
DMARQ
DIOW#
DIOR#
IORDY
DMACK#
INTRQ
DA1
DA0
CS1FX#
DASP#
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
Flexible Disk Drive Data Connector
Signal
Pin
Ground
HD8
HD9
HD10
HD11
HD12
HD13
HD14
HD15
orientation key
Ground 2
Ground 3
Ground 4
CSEL
Ground 5
IOCS16#
PDIAG#
DA2
CS3FX#
Ground 6
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
Signal
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Pin
Signal
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
LDENSEL#
Microfloppy
EDENSEL
INDX#
MTEN1#
DRSEL0#
DRSEL1#
DTEN0#
DIR#
STP#
WRDATA#
WREN#
TRK0#
WRPRDT#
RDDATA#
HDSEL1#
DSKCHG#
Battery Pinouts
Battery Connections
Pin
1
2
3
Signal
GROUND
VBAT1
VBAT2
Battery Connections
Pin
1
2
Signal
VBAT1
GROUND
139
7 Connectors and Sockets
Additional SCSI LED
Connector
Additional SCSI LED Connector
(4-pin)
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
Not used
LED Out
LED Out
Not used
Power Supply Connector
(20-pin) and
Aux Power Connector
Power Supply Connector for
System Board (20-pin)
Pin
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Signal
Pin
Signal
3V3_MAINSENSE 1 3V3_2
12V_NEG
2 3V3_3
GROUND_1
3 GROUND2
_PSON
4 5V_1
GROUND3
5 GROUND4
GROUND5
6 5V_2
GROUND6
7 GROUND7
5V_NEG
8 PW0K
5V_3
9 5VSB
5V_4
10 12V
Wake On LAN
Connector
Wake On LAN (WOL)
Pin
Signal
1 5V STDBY
2 Ground
3 LAN_WAKE
Rear Fan Connector
Fan Connector
Pin
Signal
1 Ground
2 12V Power
3 Sense
140
Aux. Power
Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
Signal
GROUND1
GROUND2
GROUND3
3V3_1
3V3_2
5V
7 Connectors and Sockets
PCI Fan Connector
(MT only)
3
2
1
Fan Connector
Vertical plastic latch for
keying and attachment
Pin
Signal
1 Sense
2 +12 V Power (or less, depending on desired fan speed)
3 Ground
Internal Audio
Connectors
CD AUDIO Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
Analog Ground
CD Left Channel
Analog Ground
CD Right Channel
AUX Connector
I/O
IN
IN
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
Analog Ground
AUX Left Channel
Analog Ground
AUX Right Channel
I/O
IN
IN
Internal Speaker
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
SPK1
Tst1
Tst2
SPK2
Status Panel and
Intrusion
Status Panel
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
Signal
B1_LCD1
Ground
HDD_LED_K
ON_OFF
GROUND2
_RESET
VSTDBY_3V
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
Intrusion
Signal
B1_LCD2
PWR_LED_A
BACKLIGHT
RED-LED_A
HDD_LED_A
SDA
SCL
Pin
Signal
4 CLOSE
3 COMMON
1 OPEN
141
7 Connectors and Sockets
Hard Disk Drive
Temperature Connector
HDD Temperature
Pin
Signal
1 3V3
2 SENSE
4 Ground
VGA DB15 Connector
VGA DB Connector Pins
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Standard VGA
Analog RED
Analog GREEN
Analog BLUE
Monitor ID2
n/c
Analog RED return
Analog GREEN return
Analog BLUE return
n/c
Digital ground
Monitor ID 0
Monitor ID 1
HSYNC
VSYNC
n/c
DDC2B
Analog RED
Analog GREEN
Analog BLUE
Monitor ID2
DDC return
Analog RED
Analog GREEN
Analog BLUE
VCC supply (optional)
Digital ground
Monitor ID 0
Data:SDA
HSYNC
VSYNC
Clock:SCL
LCD Panel
LCD Panel
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
Ethernet UTP Connector
142
Signal
SCL_5V
SDA_5V
not connected
RX_BB
Ground
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
Signal
VSTDBY 5V
BT_LCD 1
BT_LCD 2
TX_BB
Ground
7 Connectors and Sockets
Rear Panel Socket Pin Layouts
Rear Panel Socket Pin Layouts
Mouse Connector
Keyboard Connector
USB Connectors (two)
Serial Port A
9-pin Serial Port
Connectors
25-pin Parallel Port Connector
Serial Port B
Line Out
Audio jacks
MIDI/Joystick Connector
Line In
MIC
Keyboard (bottom) and
Mouse (top)
Connectors
2
4
1
3
Keyboard and Mouse Connectors
6
5
Pin
1
3
5
Signal
Data
Ground
Clock
Pin
2
4
6
Signal
Not Used
+5 V dc
Not Used
143
7 Connectors and Sockets
Rear Panel Socket Pin Layouts
USB Stacked
Connector
The USB graphic and pinout table for a USB connector. However, the
information is also valid for a USB Stacked Connector.
USB Connector
Pin
1
2 3
Signal
1
2
3
4
Shell
4
VBus
DD+
GND
Shield
Even though the graphic and pinout table below are for one connector, the
Serial Port A
information is valid for both the Serial Port A and Serial Port B Connectors.
(top - MT, Left - DT)
and Serial Port B
(bottom - MT, Right - DT)
Connectors
9-pin Serial Port Connector
1
6
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
144
Pin
6
7
8
9
Signal
(DSR) CC
(RTS) CA
(CTS) CB
(R) CE
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Signal
(DCD) CF
(RD) BB
(TD) BA
(DTR) CD
(GND) AB
7 Connectors and Sockets
Rear Panel Socket Pin Layouts
25-pin Parallel Connector
25-pin Parallel Connector
25
24
23
22
21
20
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
19
18
17
16
15
3
2
1
14
Pin
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
Signal
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
SLIN
INIT
ERROR
AUTO-FD
Pin
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Signal
SLCT
PE
BUSY
ACK
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
DO
Strobe
MIDI/Joystick
Connector
MIDI/Joystick Connector
Pin
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
External Audio Jacks
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Signal
+5 V
B-1
B-X
MIDI-OUT
B-Y
B-2
MIDI-IN
Pin
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Signal
+5 V
A-2
A-Y
Ground
Ground
A-X
A-1
+5 V
On the PC Workstation there is a Line In jack, Line Out jack and Mic In jack
located on the rear panel. These external jacks are standard connectors.
145