F-789SGA SCIENTIFIC CALCULATOR USER INSTRUCTIONS E-IE-455 ENGLISH Contents Display ...............................................................................................................P.2 Getting Started Power On, Off ...........................................................................................P.3 Display Contrast Adjustment .....................................................................P.3 Mode Selection ..................................................................................... P.3-4 Application Function Menu (Apps Key) ................................................. P.4-5 Calculator Set-up Menu ........................................................................ P.5-7 Before Using the Calculator ......................................................................P.7 Inputting Expressions and Values Input Capacity ...........................................................................................P.8 Input Editing..........................................................................................P.8-10 Inputting and Display Result in Mathematics Mode...................................P.10 Input Range and Error Messages Calculation Precision, Input Range ................................................... P.10-13 Order of Operations .......................................................................... P.14-15 Calculation Stacks...................................................................................P.15 Error Messages and Error Locator .................................................... P.15-16 Basic Calculations Arithmetic Calculations............................................................................P.17 Memory Calculations......................................................................... P.17-18 Fraction Calculations...............................................................................P.19 Display Values Exchange ......................................................................P.20 Percentage Calculations .........................................................................P.21 Degree-Minutes-Seconds Calculations ...................................................P.21 Replay & Multi-statements ......................................................................P.22 Constant Value Calculations ............................................................. P.23-26 Metric Conversions ........................................................................... P.27-28 Functional Scientific Calculations Square, Root, Cube, Cube Root, Power, Power Root, Reciprocal and Pi ....................................................................................P.28 Logarithm, Natural Logarithm, Antilogarithm and Logab.........................P.29 Angle Unit Conversion ............................................................................P.29 Trigonometry Calculations ......................................................................P.30 Permutation, Combination, Factorials and Random Number Generation.................................................................................P.31 Produce (�) Calculation ..........................................................................P.32 Summation (∑) Calculation ....................................................................P.32 Maximum Value and Minimum Value Calculation ..................................P.32 Modulus After Division (Mod) Calculations ............................................P.33 Least Common Multiple and Greatest Common Divisor..........................P.33 Prime Fractorization ................................................................................P.34 Quotient and Remainder Calculations ....................................................P.35 Coordinate Conversion ..................................................................... P.35-36 Absolute Value Calculation .....................................................................P.36 Engineering Notation...............................................................................P.36 Complex Number Calculations.......................................................... P.37-38 Base-n Calculations and Logical Calculations ........................................P.39 Statistical Calculations Statistical Type Selection ........................................................................P.40 Statistical Data Input ...............................................................................P.41 Editing Statistical Sample Data ...............................................................P.41 Statistical Calculation Screen..................................................................P.42 Statistical Menu ................................................................................. P.42-43 Statistical Calculation Example ......................................................... P.44-45 Distribution Calculations.................................................................... P.45-46 Equation Calculations............................................................................... P.47-49 Solve Function........................................................................................... P.49-50 CALC Function .......................................................................................... P.50-51 Differential Calculations ........................................................................... P.51-52 Integration Calculations ........................................................................... P.52-53 Matrix Calculations ................................................................................... P.53-58 Vector Calculations ................................................................................... P.58-62 Function (x, y) Table Calculation ..................................................................P.63 Battery Replacement.......................................................................................P.64 Advice and Precautions ........................................................................... P.64-65 Specifications .................................................................................................P.65 1 How to Use the Slide Cover Open or close the cover by sliding as shown in the figure. Display <Status Indicators> S A M STO RCL STAT CPLX MATX VCTR EQN D R G FIX SCI LINE Disp : Shift key : Alpha key : Independent Memory : Store Memory : Recall Memory : 1-Var & 2-Var Statistics Mode : Complex Number Calculation Mode : Matrix Calculation Mode : Vector Calculation Mode : Equation Calculation Mode : Degree Mode : Radian Mode : Gradient Mode : Fixed-decimal Setting : Scientific Notation : Line Display Mode : Up Arrow : Down Arrow : Multi-statements Display 2 Getting Started Power On, Off First time operation: 1. Remove the battery insulation tab to load the battery. 2. Press to initialize the calculator. Power ON: When Power OFF: is pressed. are pressed. Auto Power off Function: When the calculator is not used for approximately 7 minutes, it will automatically power off. Display Contrast Adjustment Press (6: CONT ), to enter the Display Contrast Adjustment screen. Press Press Press to darken the display contrast. to lighten the display contrast. or to confirm and clear the screen. To initialize the LCD contrast, press outside the Display Contrast Adjustment screen. Mode Selection Press screen. to enter the Calculation Mode Selection 3 Operation LCD Indicator Mode COMP Normal calculations CPLX Complex number calculation CPLX STAT STAT BASE Statistical and regression calculations Calculations involving specific number systems EQN Equation solution EQN TABLE Function table generation MATX Matrix calculations MATX VCTR Vector calculations VCTR The default mode is COMP mode. Application Function Menu (Apps Key) Apps The Apps menu contains mathematical functions. In each Calculation Mode, the listed functions are different. Press and corresponding number to enter the calculation mode. Apps Press to enter the Apps menu. Press / for next / previous pages. i) COMP Mode ii) CPLX Mode iii) STAT Mode In SD mode In REG mode iv) BASE Mode Press [ ] or [ ] key 4 v) EQN Mode Press [ ] or [ ] key vi) MATX Mode Press [ ] or [ ] key vii) VCTR Mode Press Apps Apps to exit the Apps menu. Calculator Set-up Menu Press press / to enter the Calculator Set-up Menu; for next / previous page. Press [ ] or [ ] key To select the calculator input & output format [1] Maths or [2] Line [1] Maths – (Mathematics mode): Mathematics mode The majority of calculation input and output (e.g. Fraction, pi, square root number) are shown in Mathematics textbook format. [2] Line – (Line mode): The majority of calculation input and output are shown in the line format. The “LINE” icon will be shown. Line mode LINE For the STAT, EQN, MATX, VCTR mode, the Input & Display format will switch to Line mode automatically. 5 To select the angle unit [3] Deg, [4] Rad or [5] Gra [3] Deg: Angle unit in Degree [4] Rad: Angle unit in Radian [5] Gra: Angle unit in Gradient 90º = radians = 100grads To select display digit or notation [6] Fix, [7] Sci or [8] Norm [6] Fix: Fixed Decimal, [Fix 0~9?] appears, specify the number of decimal places by pressing [0] – [9]. Example: 220 ÷ 7 = 31.4286 (FIX 4) = 31.43 (FIX 2) [7] Sci: Scientific Notation, [Sci 0~9?] appears, specify the number of significant digits by pressing [0] – [9]. Example: 220 ÷ 7 = 3.1429x101 (SCI 5) = 3.143x101 (SCI 4) [8] Norm: Exponential Notation, [Norm 1~2?] appears, specify the exponential notation format by pressing [1] or [2]. Norm 1: Exponential notation is automatically used for integer values with more than 10 digits and decimal values with more than TWO decimal points. Norm 2: Exponential notation is automatically used for integer values with more than 10 digits and decimal values with more than NINE decimal places. Example: 1 ÷ 1000 = 1x10-3 (Norm 1) = 0.001 (Norm 2) To select the fraction format [1] a b/c or [2] d/c [1] a b/c: specify Mixed fraction display [2] d/c: specify Improper fraction display To select the complex number display format [3] CLPX ([1] a+bi or [2] r< ) [1] a+bi: specify Rectangular Coordinates [2] r< : specify Polar Coordinates 6 To select the statistical display format [4] STAT ([1] ON or [2] OFF) [1] ON: Show FREQ (Frequency) Column in Statistical Data Input Screen [2] OFF: Hide FREQ (Frequency) Column in Statistical Data Input Screen To select the decimal point display format [5] Disp ([1] Dot or [2] Comma) [1] Dot: specify dot format for Decimal point result display [2] Comma: specify comma format for Decimal point result display To Adjust Display contrast [6] CONT Refer to the “Display Contrast Adjustment” section. Before Using the Calculator Check the current Calculation Mode Be sure to check the status indicators that indicate the current calculation mode (COMP, STAT, TABLE), display formats setting, and angle unit setting (Deg, Rad, Gra). Return to initial setup Press (YES) to return the initial calculator setup: Calculation mode : COMP Input/Output Format : Maths Angle unit : Deg Display Digits : Norm 1 Fraction Display Format : d/c Statistical Data Input : OFF Decimal Point format : Dot This action will not clear the variable memories. Initialize the calculator When you are not sure of the current calculator setting, you are recommended to initialize the calculator (resets calculation mode to "COMP", angle unit to "Degree", clears replay and variable memories, and resets LCD contrast) by performing the following key operations: (All) (YES) . 7 Inputting Expressions and Values Input Capacity F-789SGA allows you to input a single calculation with up to 99 bytes. Normally, one byte is used each time you press one of the numeric keys, arithmetic keys, scientific function keys or . Some functions require 4 – 13bytes. , , and the direction keys will not use up any bytes. When the remaining input capacity is less than 10bytes, the input cursor will change from “ ” to “ ” signaling that the memory is running now. Input Editing New Input begins on the left of display. When the input data is more than 15 characters (Line Mode) / 16 characters (Math mode), the line will scroll to the right consecutively. You can scroll back to the left by using and to review the input. In Line mode, press to let the cursor jump to the beginning of input, press to jump to the end. In Mathematics mode, press to let the cursor jump to the beginning of input when it is at the end of the input calculation. Or press to let the cursor jump to the end of input when it is at the beginning of the input calculation. Omit the multiplication sign and final close parenthesis. Example: 2 x log 100 x (1+3) = 16 Operation 1: Including *2, Display 1 *1, *3 2xlog(100) x (1+3) *1 *2 16 3 Operation 2: Omitting Display 2 2log(100)(1+3) *1, *3 16 *1. Omit multiplication sign (x) - Input before an open parentheses : 1 x (2+3) - Input before scientific functions that includes parentheses: 2 x cos(30) - Input before Random number function - Input before Variable (A, B, C, D, X, Y, M), π, θ 8 *2. Scientific functions come with the open parenthesis. Example: sin(, cos(, Pol(, LCM(…. You need to input the argument and the close parenthesis . *3. Omit the last close parenthesis before the , , , and . Insert and Overwrite Input mode In Line mode, you can use INSERT or overwrite mode for inputting. - In Insert mode (Default input mode), the cursor is a vertical flashing line “ ” for inserting a new character. - In Overwrite mode, press key to switch the cursor to a flashing horizontal “ _ ” and replace the character at the current cursor position. In Mathematics mode, you can only use the Insert mode. Whenever the display format changes from Line mode to Mathematics mode, it will automatically switch to the Insert mode. Deleting and Correcting an Expression In Insert mode: Move the cursor to the right of the character or function that needs to be deleted, then press . In Overwrite mode: Move the cursor under the character or function being deleted, then press . Example: 1234567 + 889900 (1) Replace an entry (1234567 Mode Setting 1234560) Key In operation Display (input Line only) Method 1: Line/Maths mode - Insert mode Method 2: Line mode Overwrite mode (2) Deletion (1234567 Method 1: Line/Maths 134567) 12times mode - Insert mode 1|34567+889900 Method 2: Line mode Overwrite mode 12|34567+889900 1234567+889900_ 13times 1234567+889900 134567+889900 9 (3) Insertion (889900 Line/Maths mode - 2889900) 6times Insert mode 1234567+|889900 1234567+2|889900 Inputting and Display Result in Mathematics Mode In Mathematic Mode, the input and display result of fraction or certain functions (log, x2, x3, x , , 3 , , x-1, 10 , e , Abs) is shown in Handwriting/Mathematics format. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display NOTE (1) Some input expressions cause the height of a calculation expression to be greater than one display screen. Maximum input capacity: 2 display screens (31 dots x 2). (2) Calculator memory limits how many functions or parentheses can be input in any single expression. In this case, divide the expression into multiple parts and calculate separately. (3) If part of the expression you input is cut off after calculation and in the result display screen, you can press or to view the full expression. Input Range and Error Messages Calculation Precision, Input Range Number of Digits for Internal Calculation Up to 18 digits Precision ±1 at the 10th digit for a single calculation. ±1 at the least significant for exponential display Calculation Range ±1 × 10–99 to ±9.999999999 × 1099 or 0 10 Function Calculation Input Ranges Functions sinx cosx tanx sin-1x cos-1x tan-1x sinhx Input Range DEG 0 |x| <9×109 RAD 0 |x| <157 079 632.7 GRA 0 |x| <1x1010 DEG 0 |x| <9×109 RAD 0 |x| <157 079 632.7 GRA 0 |x| <1x1010 DEG Same as sinx, except when |x| =(2n-1)×90 RAD Same as sinx, except when |x| =(2n-1)× /2 GRA Same as sinx, except when |x| =(2n-1)×100 0 |x| 1 0 |x| 9.999 999 999x1099 230 258 509 2 0 |x| -1x sinh 0 |x| cosh-1x 1 x coshx tanhx 0 |x| tanh-1x 0 |x| logx/lnx 0< x 4.999 999 999x1099 4.999 999 999x1099 9.999 999 999x1099 9.999 999 999x10-1 9.999 999 999x1099 10x -9.999 999 999 x1099 x 99.999 999 99 ex -9.999 999 999 x1099 x 230.258 509 2 √x 0 x2 |x|<1x1050 x3 |x| x-1 |x|<1x10100,x 3√x |x|<1x10100 x! nPr nCr x <1x10100 2.154 434 69x1033 0 0 x 0 n < 1x1010, 0 69 (x is an integer) 1 {n!/((n-r)!} < 1x10100 r 0 n < 1x1010, 0 1 n!/r! < 1x10100 or 1 r 11 n (n,r are integers) n (n,r are integers) n!/(n-r)! < 1x10100 Functions Pol(x,y) Rec(r, ) Input Range |x|,|y| 9.999 999 999x1099 x2+y2 0 9.999 999 999x1099 r 9.999 999 999x1099 : Same as sinx |a|,b,c <1x10100 °′ ″ 0 b,c The display seconds value is subject to an error of +/-1 at the second decimal place |x|<1x10100 °′ ″ Deciaml 0°0′0″ Sexagesimal Conversions |x| 9999999°59′59″ x>0: -1x10100 < ylog x < 100 ^(xy) x=0: y>0 x<0: y=n,m/(2n+1) (m,n are integers) However: -1x10100<ylog|x|<100 y>0: x 0, –1x10100<1/x logy<100 x√y a b/c i~Rand(a,b) Rand LCM(x,y,z) GCD(x,y,z) Q…r(x,y) y=0:x>0 y<0:x=2n+1,(2n+1)/m (m≠0;m,n are integers) Total of integer, numerator, and denominator must be 10 digits or less (including division marks). 0 a<1x1010, 0 b<1x1010 (a,b should be positive integers or 0) Result generates a 3 digits pseudo random number(0.000~0.999) 0<x, y, z 9.999 999 999x1012 (positive integers) Default result when x, y, z=0 0<x, y, z 9.999 999 999x1012 (positive integers) Default result when x, y, z=0 0<x,y 9.999 999 999x1012 (positive integers) 0 999 999 9999, 0 Q integers) Default result when x=0 12 r 999 999 9999 (Q,r are Functions Mod(x,y) Single-variable Input Range 0<|x,y| 9.999999999x1012 Default result=x when y=0 |x|<1x10100 |FREQ|<1x10100 |x|<1x10100 Paired-variable |y|<1x10100 |FREQ|<1x10100 ABS |x|<1x10100 Pfact x 9999999999 (positive integers) Positive: 0~0111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 BIN Negative: 1000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000~ 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 DEC OCT HEX Positive: 0~2147483647 Negative: -2147483648~-1 Positive: 0~177 7777 7777 Negative: 200 0000 0000~377 7777 7777 Positive: 0~7FFF FFFF Negative: 8000 0000~FFFF FFFF ∑ (f(x),a, b) a and b are integers in the range of –1 • 10^10 < a b <1 • 10^10. ∏ (f(x),a, b) a and b are integers in the range of –1 • 10^10 < a b <1 • 10^10. • Errors are cumulative in the case of consecutive calculations, this is also true as internal consecutive calculation are performed in the case of ^(xy), x√y, 3√, x!, nPr, nCr , etc. and may become large. Display of results using Calculation results may be displayed using in all of the following cases: 1. When intermediate and final calculation results are displayed in the following form: 2. When the number of terms in the intermediate and final calculation result is one or two. 13 Order of Operations This calculator will automatically determine the operation priority of each individual command as follows:1st Priority Recall memory (A, B, C, D, E, F, 0-9), Rand 2nd Calculation within parentheses ( ). 3rd Function with parenthesis that request the input argument to the right Pol(, Rec(, d/dx, dx, P(, Q(, R(, Det(, Trn(, Ide(, Adj(, Inv(, Arg(, Conjg(, Real(, Imag(, sin(, cos(, tan(, sin–1(, cos–1(, tan–1(, sinh(, cosh(, tanh(, sinh–1(, cosh–1(, tanh–1(, log(, ln(, e^(, 10^(, 4th (, (, Abs(, ROUND(, LCM(, GCD(, Q…r(, i~Rand(, 3 Functions that come after the input value preceded by values, powers, power roots: x2, x3, x–1, x!, ° ’ ”, °, r, g, ^(, x (, Percent %, logab, EXP, t 5th Fractions: a b/c, d/c 6th Prefix symbol: (–) (negative sign), base-n symbols (d, h, b, o, Neg, Not) 7th Statistical estimated value calculation: x, ˆ y, ˆ x1, ˆ x2 ˆ Metric conversion commands (cm 8th omitted immediately before , e, variables (2 , 5A, A, etc.), functions with parentheses (2 9th in, etc) Multiplication where sign is omitted: Multiplication sign (3), Asin(30), etc.) Permutations, combinations: nPr, nCr Complex number polar coordinate symbol (<) . 10th Dot: 11th Multiplication and division: ×, ÷ – 12th Addition and subtraction: +, 13th Logical AND (and) 14th Logical OR, XOR, XNOR (or, xor, xnor) 15th Calculation ending instruction: =, M+, M- STO (store memory), r< , a+bi 14 In the same precedence level, calculations are performed from left to right. Operations enclosed within parentheses are performed first. When a calculation contains an argument that is a negative number, the negative number must be enclosed within the parentheses. Example: –22 = –4 (–2)2 = 4 When same priority commands are mixed into one calculation: Example 1: 1÷2 = 0.1591549431 Example 2: 2 1 ÷ 2A = A 1 4 Calculation Stacks This calculator uses memory areas, called “stacks”, to temporarily store numeric value (numbers) commands (+, –, x…) and functions according to their precedence during calculations. The numeric stack has 10 levels and the command stack has 128 levels. A stack error [Stack ERROR] occurs whenever you try to perform a calculation that exceeds the capacity of stacks. Calculations are performed in sequence according to “Order of Operations”. After the calculation is performed, the stored stack values will be released. Error Messages and Error Locator The calculator is locked up when an error message is shown on the display indicating the cause of the error. Press to clear the error message, then return to the initial display of the latest mode. Press or to display the input expression with the cursor positioned next to the error. Press to clear the error message, replay memory history and return to the initial display of the latest mode. 15 Cause Action Math ERROR Error Message • The intermediate or final result is outside the allowable calculation range. • An attempt to perform a calculation using a value that exceeds the allowable input range. • An attempt to perform an illogical operation (division by zero, etc.) • Check the input values and make sure they are all within the allowable ranges, Pay special attention to values in any using memory areas Stack ERROR • The capacity of the numeric stack or operator stack is exceeded. • Simplify the calculation. • Divide the calculation into two or more separate parts. Syntax ERROR • An attempt to perform an illegal mathematical operation. • Press or to display the cursor at the location of the error, make appropriate corrections Insufficient MEM • The calculation result of Function Table mode parameters caused more than 30 x-values to be generated for a table • Narrow the table calculation range by changing the start, end, and step values, and try again. Dimension ERROR (only in Matrix or Vector) • The dimension (row colum) is over. • An attempt to perform an illegal matrix/vector operation. • Press or to display the location of the cause of an error and make required corrections. Can’t Solve ERROR (only in SOLVE function) • The calculator could not obtain a solution. • Check for errors in the equation that you input. • Input a value for the solution variable that is close to the expected solution and try again. Variable ERROR (only in SOLVE function) • Equation is not a correct equation. • Equation does not include variable X. • The solution variable is not similar to the specified variable in the expression. • Correct the equation to include variable X. • Correct the equation to match the solution variable and expression. (refer to P.49) Time Out ERROR (only in Differential or integration Calculations • The calculation ends without the ending condition being fulfilled. • Revise the ending condition and try again. (refer P.51) Argument ERROR • Improper use of an argument. • Press or to display the location of the cause of an error and make required corrections. 16 Basic Calculations Press to enter COMP mode. As the calculation is busy processing, the calculator shows the message [PROCESSING] (without any calculation result). Press key to interrupt the calculating operation. Arithmetic Calculations • To calculate the negative values (exclude the negative exponent) enclose then within the parentheses. • This calculator supports 99 levels of parenthetical expression. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display (-2.5)2 (-2.5)2 (4 x 1075)(-2 x 4E75x 10-79) 25 4 1 1250 Memory Calculations Memory Variables • There are 19 memory variables (0 – 9, A – F, M, X and Y), which store data, results, or dedicated values. • Store values into memory by pressing + Memory variable. • Recall memory values by pressing + Memory variable. • Memory content can be cleared by pressing + Memory variable. 17 Example: 23 + 7 A (30 store into A), calculate 2 sinA and clear memory A. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example 23 + 7 Key in operation A Display 23+7 A 30 2 x sin A = 1 2sin(A Clear memory 0 1 A 0 Independent Memory • Independent memory uses the same memory area as variable M. It is convenient for calculating cumulative totals by pressing (add to memory) or (subtract from memory). • Memory contents are retained even when the calculator is powered off. • Clear independent memory (M) by pressing • Clear all memory values by pressing . 2(MCL) Answer Memory • The input values or the most recent calculation result will be automatically stored into Answer memory whenever you press , , , , . Answer memory can hold up to 18 digits. • Recall and use the latest stored Answer memory by pressing . • Answer memory is not updated when an error operation has been performed. • Answer memory contents can be maintained even after pressing , changing the calculation mode, or turning off the calculator. Example 123 + 456 Key in operation Display Ans2 M+, Ans2 = 335,241 335241 789900 – Ans = 789900-Ans 454,659 454659 18 Fraction Calculations The calculator supports Fraction calculation and the conversions between Fraction, Decimal point, Mixed fraction and Improper fraction. • Specify the fraction calculation result display format by selecting either mixed fraction ( ) or improper fraction ( ) in set-up menu. • At the default setting, fractions are displayed as improper fractions ( ). • Mixed Fraction display results are only available after selecting ( ) in the setup menu. Improper Fraction (d/c) Mixed Fraction (a b/c) 11 3 Maths Mode 3 11_|3 Line Mode 2 3 3_|2_|3 Press to switch a calculation result between fraction and decimal format. Press to switch a calculation result between improper fraction and mixed fraction format. Results will be displayed in decimal format automatically whenever the total digits of a fractional value (integer + numerator + denominator + separator marks) exceeds 10. When a fraction calculation is mixed with decimal values, the result will be displayed in decimal format. Fraction Decimal point conversion MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display 1 5 7 1 + = 2 6 3 1 5 1 + 2 6 7 3 1 5 1 + 2 6 2.333333333 2.333333333 (Fraction Decimal) 2.333333333 (Decimal Fraction) 2 Mixed 1 3 7 3 1 5 1 + 2 6 2 19 1 3 Display Values Exchange In Maths mode, press to change the calculation result value between fraction form Decimal form, form Decimal form, √ form Decimal form. In Line mode, press to ONLY change the calculation result value between fraction form Decimal form, the other and √ calculation will display the decimal value only. LINE MODE: Example Key in operation Display 2_|3+2 8_|3 2_|3+2 2.666666667 MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display 2 +2 3 2 +2 3 8 3 2.666666667 3 3 =0.5773502692 0.5773502692 1 8 =0.3926990817 ÷8 = 1 8 0.3926990817 NOTE: • In some Calculation results, pressing will not convert the display value. • Some display result conversions may take a long time. 20 Percentage Calculations MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display To calculate 25% of 820 820x25% The percentage of 750 against 1250 750÷1250% 205 60 Degree-Minutes-Seconds Calculations Use the degrees (hours), minutes and seconds key to perform a sexagesimal (base-60 notational system) calculation or convert the sexagesimal value into decimal value. Degree-Minutes-Seconds Decimal points MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display 86º37’34.2” ÷ 0.7 = 123º45’6” 86º37 º 34.2 º ÷ 0.7 123º45’6” 86º37 º 34.2 º ÷ 0.7 123.7516667 123º45’6” 2.3456 123.7516667 2º20’44.16” 2.3456 2º20’44.16” 21 Replay & Multi-statements Replay Memory Function • Replay memory is only available in COMP mode. • After the calculation is executed, the calculation input and result will be stored in the replay memory automatically. • Pressing (or ) can replay the performed calculation input and result history. • After obtaining the calculation result on the display, press or to edit the input expression of that result. • If the Indicator is on the right side of a calculation result display, you need to press and then or to scroll through the calculation. • Replay memory is cleared when you: 1. Initialize calculator setting by 2. Change from one calculation mode or display mode to another. 3. Press key. 4. Press to power off the machine. Multi-statements Function • Use a colon to put two or more calculation expressions together. • The first executed statement will have “Disp” indicator; and the “Disp” icon will disappear after the last statement is executed. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation 1x12=12 2+25=27 using a multi-statement Display 1x12:2+25| 1x12 Disp 12 2+25 27 Replay the previous calculation history (1 x 12 = 12) 1x12 12 22 Constant Value Calculations F-789SGA has total of 79 built-in constant values, you can enter (or exit) the constant value selection menu by pressing , the following display will be shown: Input 1 79 mp mn me 00 mµ ao • You can go to the next or previous value selection pages by pressing or . • To select a constant value simply press or . The selection cursor will shift left or right to underline a constant symbol and the lower line display will show the value of the underlined constant symbol. • The underlined constant symbol will be selected as you press . • You can instantly get the constant value if you input the constant value item number and press when the selection cursor is underlining 0 0. Key in Operation Display (menu selection page) Input mp 1 79 mn me mµ 00 ao g| g+35 44.80665 Ansx50 2240.3325 23 Constant Table NO. Constant Symbol Value 1.672621777x10-27 1.674927351 x10-27 9.10938291x10-31 1.883531475x10-28 0.52917721092x10-10 6.62606957 x10-34 5.05078353 x10-27 927.400968 x10-26 1.054571726 x10-34 7.2973525698x10-3 2.8179403267x10-15 2.4263102389 x10-12 2.675222005 x108 1.32140985623 x10-15 1.3195909068x10-15 10973731.568539 1.660538921 x10-27 1.410606743x10-26 -928.476430x10-26 -0.96623647 x10-26 -4.49044807 x10-26 96485.3365 1.602176565x10-19 6.02214129x1023 1.3806488 x10-23 22.413968 x10-3 8.3144621 299792458 3.74177153x10-16 1.4387770 x10-2 24 Unit NO. Constant Symbol Value Unit 5.670373x10-8 8.854187817 x10-12 12.566370614x10-7 2.067833758 x10-15 9.80665 7.7480917346x10-5 376.730313461 273.15 6.67384 x10-11 101325 5.585694713 0.21001941568x10-15 1.616199x10-35 5.39106x10-44 2.17651 x10-8 1.660538921 x10-27 1.602176565x10-19 3.9903127176x10-10 2.8977721 x10-3 543.1020504 x 10-12 4.35974434 x10-18 2.6867805 x1025 12906.4037217 483597.870 x109 25812.8074434 386.15926800x10-15 0.6652458734 x10-28 1.15965218076 x10-3 -2.00231930436153 1.760859708x1011 1.16592091 x10-3 -2.0023318418 25 Pa NO. Constant Symbol Value 11.73444103x10-15 1.867594294x10-15 0.697787 x10-15 0.111056 x10-15 3.16747 x10-27 0.21030891047 x10-15 1.410570499 x10-26 -3.82608545 1.83247179 x108 3.34358348 x10-27 0.433073489 x10-26 5.00641234 x10-27 -1.074553044 x10-26 2.037894659 x108 6.64465675 x10-27 2.675153268 x108 25.694 x10-6 ! Constant values cannot perform rounding. Source: CODATA Internationally 2010 http://physics.nist.gov/constants 26 Unit Metric Conversions The calculator has 172 conversion pairs which allows you to convert a number to and from the specified metric units. • Press enter the conversion menu. • There are 8 category pages (distance, area, temperature, capacity, weight, energy, pressure and speed) containing 36 metric symbols, you can press or to change the category selection page. • In a category page, you can shift the selection cursor left or right by pressing or . Page Symbol 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 feet m mil mm in cm yd mile km ft2 yd2 m2 mile2 km2 hectares acres o F o C gal liter B.gal pint fl.oz Tr.oz oz lb Kg g J cal.f atm Kpa mmHg cmH2O m/s km/h Unit feet meter milliliter millimeter inch centimeter yard mile kilometer square foot square yard square meter square mile square kilometer hectare acre degree Fahrenheit degree Celsius gallon (U.K.) liter gallon (U.S.) pint fluid ounces (U.S.) ounce (troy or apothecary) ounces libra kilogram gram joule calorie standard atmosphere kilopascal millimeter of mercury centimeter of water Meter per second Kilometer per hour 27 • Go back to the calculation mode by pressing within the category selection menu. After the base conversion unit, , or keys will be invalid. • If the converted result overflows, [ERROR] will be shown in the lower display. Press to select the overflow value; the following scenarios are valid: Scenario A - Keep selecting the other conversion value by pressing or . Scenario B - Clear the screen and jump out of the selection by pressing or . Scenario C - Jump back to the previous calculation screen by pressing . Example: Convert 10 + (5 ft2 m2) = 10.4645152 MATHEMATICS MODE: Key in Operation Display Unit (distance) feet m mil mm cm yd mile km (menu selection menu) 2 ft km2 2 (confirm selection ft ) yd2 ha m2 acres in mile2 5 (confirm the value convert into m2) Functional Scientific Calculations Press to enter COMP mode. = 3.1415926535897932324 e = 2.7182818284590452324 Square, Root, Cube, Cube Root, Power, Power Root, Reciprocal and Pi MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display = 0.6217559776 0.6217559776 =7 7 28 Logarithm, Natural Logarithm, Antilogarithm and Logab MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display e-3 + 101.2 + In3 = 16.99733128 16.99733128 log381 – log1 = 4 4 Angle Unit Conversion The default calculator angle unit setting is “Degree”. Press to enter the setup menu to change the unit to “Radian” or “Gradient”,: Press the corresponding number key , or for the angle unit you need. Then the display will show the D , R , G Indicator accordingly. Convert an angle unit between “Degree”, “Radian” and “Gradient” by pressing Then, pressing , , or will convert the displayed value into the selected angle unit. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display 180º Convert 180 degree into radian and gradient (180º = Rad = 200Gad) 180º 29 R 200 Trigonometry Calculations Before using the trigonometric functions (except hyperbolic calculations), select the appropriate angle unit (Deg/Rad/Gra) by pressing . Angle Unit Setting Angle Value Input Deg Units of 15º Rad Multiples of 12 Gra 50 3 1 Multiples of 90º = Input Value Range for form result radians grads Radians = 100 Gradients. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display D Degree Mode Sin 60 = sin(60 3 2 3 2 sin(45)-1 1 =Cosec 45º = Sin45 o 2 Hyperbolic (sinh/ cosh/ tanh), Inverse Hyperbolic (sinh-1/cosh-1/tanh-1) functions Press to enter the sub-hyperbolic menu. Example Key in operation sinh2.5 – cosh 2.5 = -0.082084998 Display sinh(2.5) – cosh( -0.08208499862 Cosh-145 cosh-1(45 = 4.499686191 4.499686191 30 Permutation, Combination, Factorials and Random Number Generation Permutation: Combination: Factorial : Example 10P3 5C 2 Key in operation Display 10P3 = 720 720 5C2 = 10 10 5! 5! = 120 120 Random Number Generation : Generate a random number between 0.000 and 0.999. The display result will be in fraction format in Maths mode. : Generate a random number between two specified positive integers. The entry is divided by “.” MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display Generate a random number between 0.000 & 0.999 Rand Generate an integer from a range of 1 to 100 i~Rand(1,100 139 1000 33 *The value shown here is only a sample, results will differ each time. 31 Apps (x + 1) =0 720 Apps 20 Maximum Value and Minimum Value Calculation To calculate Maximum value of 3, sin30 and cos30 Apps Max(3, sin(30), C To calculate Minimum value of 3, sin30 and cos30 Apps Min(3, sin(30), C 32 Modulus After Division (Mod) Calculation Apps Mod(23, 5 Apps Mod(-23, 5 Least Common Multiple and Greatest Common Divisor LCM: Calculate the least common multiple among (maximum) three positive integers. GCD: Calculate the greatest common divisor among (maximum) three positive integers. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example LCM(15, 27, 39) = 1755 Key in operation Display LCM(15,27,39 Apps 1755 LINE MODE: Example GCD(12, 24, 60) = 12 Key in operation Display GCD(12,24,60 Apps 12 33 Prime Factorization • Factor a positive integer of up to 10 digits into prime factors of up to 3 digits. Ptact Number : 0 < X < 99999 99999 (X is integer) • The reminder that cannot be factored will be enclosed in parentheses on the display. Example: 99999 99999 = 32 x 11 x 41 x 271 x (9091) MATHEMATICS MODE: Key in Operation Display 9999999999 32x11x41x271x(9 1777 (1777) NOTE: or • During any calculation operations, pressing or or key will exit the prime factorization result display. • Use the setup menu to change the angle unit setting (Deg, Rad, Gra) or display digit setting (Fix, Sci, Norm). • [Math ERROR] will be shown if decimal value, fraction, negative value calculation result, or Pol, Rec, Q...R is displayed. 34 Quotient and Remainder Calculations “Quotient” (Q) is the result in a division problem, “Remainder” (r) is the value remaining in an integer division problem. The calculated quotient value (Q) and remainder (r) will be stored into memory variables “C” and “D”, automatically assigned. In Maths mode, press or to scroll through a long calculation result. In Line mode, the quotient value (Q) and remainder (r) will be shown over 2 lines. Only the Quotient Value (Q) can continue to be used for the next calculation or be stored into memory variables. LINE MODE: Example 35 ÷ 10 = 3 x 10 +5 Q=3 R=5 Key in operation Display Q…r(35, 10 Q= R= Apps Quotient value (Q) + 3 =6 Ans+3 Recall Quotient value (Q) C Recall Remainder value (r) D 3 5 6 3 5 Coordinate Conversion With polar coordinates, you can calculate and Display θ within the range of –180º < θ ≤ 180º. (Same as Radian and Gradient) In Maths mode, press or to scroll the through calculation result. In Line mode, (x,y) or (r, θ) will be shown over 2 lines. After conversion, the results will automatically be assigned to memory variables X and Y. Press or to show the results. Rectangular Coordinates (Rec) Polar Coordinates (Pol) 35 : Convert rectangular coordinates (x, y) to polar coordinates (r, θ); Press for r, or for θ. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display Pol(1, √3 With rectangular coordinate (x=1, y= √3). Find Polar coordinate (r, θ) at degree mode r=2, θ=60 X 2 Y 60 : Convert polar coordinates (r, θ) to rectangular coordinates (x, y); Press for x, or for y. LINE MODE: Example Key in operation Display Rec(2, 60 X= 1 Y= 1.732050808 With Polar coordinate (r=2, θ=60º). Find Rectangular coordinate (x, y) at degree mode X 1 Y 1.732050808 Absolute Value Calculation MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Display 2.573442045 Engineering Notation LINE MODE: Example Key in operation 1÷200 = 5x10-3 Display 1÷200 5x10-3 1÷200 1÷200 36 5000x10-6 5x10-3 Complex Number Calculations Abs Complex numbers can be expressed in rectangular form (z = a + bi) or polar form (r ). Where " a " is the real number, " bi " is the imaginary number (and i is the imaginary unit equal to the square root of –1, -1), " r " is the absolute value, and " " is the argument of the complex number. Imaginary axis ( i ) 4 r 0 Press Press Apps 3 Real axis to enter CPLX mode. to select the calculation type. Complex Number Type Selection There are 6 types of complex number calculations in the Complex Number Type screen. Press the number to select the type of Complex Number Calculation: Check the current angle unit setting (Deg, Rad, Grad). [ ] indicates the display result is the imaginary number; [ ] indicates the display value is the argument value . Imaginary numbers will use up replay memory capacity. Rectangular Form and Polar Form Conversion Pressing Apps can convert rectangular form complex numbers Apps into polar form; whereas pressing will convert polar form complex numbers into rectangular form. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation Apps 3+4 = 5 53.13010235 Display 3+4 5 53.13010235 2<45=1+ 2 45= Apps 1+ 37 Absolute Value and Argument Calculation With the rectangular form complex number, you can calculate the corresponding absolute value (r) or argument ( ) by pressing Abs or Apps respectively. LINE MODE: Example Absolute value (r) and argument ( ) if complex number is 6+8 Key in operation Display Abs (6+8 ) Abs 10 Apps Arg (6+8 ) 53.13010235 Conjugate of a Complex Number If the complex number is z = a + bi, the conjugate value of this complex number should be z = a – bi. LINE MODE: Example 3+4 is 3–4 Key in operation Apps Display Conjg (3+4 ) 3 -4 Determine the Real/Imaginary Values of a Complex Number MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Real and Imaginary values of a complex number is 23<54 Key in operation Apps Display Real(23 54) 13.5190608 Apps Imag(23 54) 18.60739087 38 Base-n Calculations and Logical Calculations Press MODE to enter Base-n mode. Decimal (base 10), hexadecimal (base 16), binary (base 2), octal (base 8), or logical calculations. To select a specific number system in base mode, simply press Decimal [DEC], Hexadecimal [HEX], Binary [BIN] or Octal [OCT]. Apps Press key to perform logical calculations including: Logic connection [and] / [or], exclusive or [Xor], exclusive nor [Xnor], argument complement [Not] and negation [Neg]. If the binary or octal calculation result is more than 8 digits, will be displayed to indicate the result has a next block. Press to loop between result blocks. In Base-n mode all the scientific functions cannot be used, and you cannot input the value with decimal places or exponents. MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation 10101011+1100– 1001x101÷10 =10100001 Display 10101011+1100–1 BIN 1010 0001 (in Binary Mode) 645+321-23x7÷2 OCT 00000001064 645+321–23x7÷2 =1064 (in Octal Mode) (77A6C+D9)xB÷F =57C87 (77A6C+D9)xB÷F HEX (in Hexadecimal Mode) 00057C87 Base-n Transformation Example Key in operation 12345+101=12446 Display 12345+101 12345+101 DEC 12446 HEX 000309E 12345+101 BIK 1/2 BIN 1001 1110 12345+101 OCT 00000030236 39 Logical Operation MATHEMATICS MODE: Example Key in operation 789ABC Xnor 147258 Apps Apps Ans or 789ABC Display 789ABC nor147258 HEX FF93171B Ansor789ABC HEX FFFB9FBF Neg 789ABC Apps Neg(789ABC HEX FF876544 Statistical Calculations Press to enter Statistical calculation mode: the “STAT” indicator will light up. Press Apps (Type) to select the calculation type. Statistical Type Selection There are 8 types of Statistical Calculation, after entering the Statistical Type Selection screen, press the number to select the type of Statistic Calculation. Pressing Key Statistical Calculation 1 (SD) 2 (Lin) 3 (Quad) 4 (Log) 5 (e EXP) 6 (ab EXP) 7 (Pwr) 8 (Inv) One-variable statistics (x) Two-variable, Linear regression (y= A+Bx) Two-variable, Quadratic regression (y=A +Bx + Cx2) Two-variable, Logarithmic regression (y=AxBlnx) Two-variable, E exponential regression (y=AeBx) Two-variable, ab Exponential regression (y=ABx) Two-variable, Power regression (y=AxB) Two-variable, Inverse regression (y=A+B/x) 40 Statistical Data Input After confirming the calculation type in the Statistical Type Apps Selection screen or by pressing (Data) in the STAT mode, the following Statistical Data Input screen will be shown: 1-variable STAT 2-variable STAT 1-variable STAT ”FREQ ON” • After turning on Data Frequency in the setup menu, the “FREQ” column will be added into the above screen. • The following are the maximum number of lines for data input. Statistic type FREQ ON FREQ OFF Single Variable (only x input) 40 80 2 Variable (x & y input) 26 40 • Input expression and display result values in the Statistical Data Input screen are in Line mode (same as Comp mode with Line mode status). • After inputting the data, press to store the value into statistical registers and display the value (max. 6 digits) in the cell. You can press the cursor key to move the cursor between each cell. Editing Statistical Sample Data Replacing the Data in a Cell (1) In the Statistical Data Input screen, move the cursor to the cell you want to edit. (2) Input the new data value or expression, and press . Deleting a Line (1) In the Statistical Data Input screen, move the cursor to the line you want to delete. (2) Press Inserting a Line (1) In the Statistical Data Input screen, move the cursor to the lineApps that will be under the line being inserted. (2) Press (Edit) (3) Press (Ins) Deleting AllApps STAT Data Input (1) Press (Edit) (2) Press (Del-A) 41 Statistical Calculation Screen After inputting the STAT Data, press to enter the Statistical Calculation screen. Statistical Calculation screen is in Line mode for input & output display Use the Statistical Menu to calculate the Statistical result. (S-SUM, S-VAR, S-PTS, Reg). Statistical Menu In the Statistical Data Input screen or Statistical Apps Calculation screen, press to display the Statistical Menu screen. 2-variable STAT 1-variable STAT STAT items Description [1] Type To enter the statistical calculation type screen [2] Data To enter the statistical data input screen [3] Edit To enter Edit sub-menu for editing STAT editor screen contents [4] S-SUM To enter S-Sum sub-menu (calculating sum) [5] S-VAR To enter S-Var sub-menu (calculating variable) [6] S-PTS To enter S-PTS sub-menu (calculating points) [7] Distr To enter Distr sub-menu (calculating distribution) [8] Reg To enter Reg sub-menu (Regression calculation) 42 43 Statistical Calculation Example SD Type Statistical Calculation Example: To calculate ∑x2, ∑x, n, x, x n, x n-1, minX, maxX of data: 75, 85, 90, 77, 79 in SD mode (Freq: OFF) Key in operation Display (SD) Apps ∑x2 Apps ∑x Apps n Apps x Apps x n Apps x n-1 33120 406 5 81.2 5.528109984 6.180614856 Quadratic Regression Type Statistical Calculation Example: ABC Company investigated the effectiveness of the advertisement expenses in coded units, the following data was obtained: Advertisement expenses: X 18 35 40 21 19 Effectiveness: y (%) 38 54 59 40 38 44 Please use regression to estimate the effectiveness (estimate the value of y) if the advertisement expenses X=30, also estimate the advertisement expenses level (estimate the value of X1, X2) if the effectiveness is y = 50. Key in operation Display (Quad) Apps 30y Apps 50x1 Apps 50x2 48.69615715 31.30538226 -167.1096731 Distribution Calculations After sample data is entered in either Statistic (SD) or Regression (REG) mode, you can perform the normal distribution or probability distribution calculation such as P(t), Q(t) and R(t) in which t is the variate of the probabilistic experiment. Random variable Mean of sample Standard deviation 45 Press Press to display the distribution calculations screen. Apps , 1: P( 2: Q( 3: R( 4: , or for the corresponding calculations. P(t): Probability below a given point x P(t) 1 P(t)= Q(t): Probability below a given point x and above the mean t 2 e – 1 t–u 2 ( ) 2 dt , Q(t) Q ( t ) = 0.5 – R ( t ), R(t): Probability above a given point x R(t) R ( t ) = 1 – P ( t ), Example: Calculate the probability distribution P(t) for the sample data: 20, 43, 26, 46, 20, 43, when x = 26. Key in operation Apps Display 26 t -0.6236095645 Apps P(Ans 0.26644 46 Equation Calculations Press to enter the equation mode; press for next / previous pages. / Press [ ] or [ ] key Equation Item Description [1] 2 unknow EQN Simultaneous Linear Equations with two unknowns [2] 3 unknow EQN Simultaneous Linear Equations with three unknowns [3] 4 unknow EQN Simultaneous Linear Equations with four unknowns [4] Quad EQN Quadratic Equation, degree 2 equation [5] Cubic EQN Cubic Equation, degree 3 equation [6] Quartic EQN Quartic Equation, degree 4 equation Simultaneous Linear Equations Simultaneous Linear Equations with Two Unknowns: a1x + b1y = c1 a2x + b2y = c2 Simultaneous Linear Equations with Three Unknowns: a1x + b1y + c1z = d1 a2x + b2y + c2z = d2 a3x + b3y + c3z = d3 Simultaneous Linear Equations with Four Unknowns: a1w + b1x + c1y + d1z = e1 a2w + b2x + c2y + d2z = e2 a3w + b3x + c3y + d3z = e3 a4w + b4x + c4y + d4z = e4 47 Example: Solve the simultaneous equation with three unknowns: 2x + 4y – 4z = 20 2x – 2y + 4z = 8 5x – 2y – 2z = 20 Key in operation Display (3 unknowns) X= 11 2 Y= 3 Z= 3 4 48 Quadratic, Cubic and Quart Equations Quadratic equation : ax2 + bx + c = 0 (a second-order polynomial equation with a single variable x) Cubic equation : ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0 (an equation with cubic polynomial) Quart equation : ax4 + bx3 + cx2 + dx + e = 0 Example: Solve the Cubic equation 5x3 + 2x2 – 2x + 1 = 0 Key in operation Display (Cubic equation) X1= X 2= X 3= -1 3 +0.331662479 10 3 -0.331662479 10 For quadratic, cubic or quart equations, the variable name starts with “X1”. Solve Function You can solve custom calculation expressions in COMP mode. Simply input the expression with different variables and press the key. • Solves for X, for example, when an equation is input as: X = Y + 5, X • Solves for Y, for example, when an equation is input as: Y = X + 5, Y Example: A cone with height "h' and a circular base with radius "r"; find the cone volume using this formula: X Replace the variable "V" with X, variable "r" with "B", and variable "h" with "C". s h r 49 Radius is 5cm, cone height is 20cm, calculate the cone volume. LINE MODE: Key in operation Display 0 (COMP MODE) X=(1_|3) B2C 0 B? 0 (radius is B=5cm) C? 0 (height is C=2cm) Solve for X 0 X=(1_|3) B2C (Calculate with new variables) X= L -R = 523.5987756 0 ! If the expression does not include the equal sign ( = ) when Solve calculation is performed, the calculator will transform the solution as zero ( 0 ). ! Solve function cannot be solved an equation. ! When the expression cannot be solved, [Can’t Solve] will be displayed. CALC Function CALC function is a memory zone with a maximum of 79 steps to store a single calculation expression which can be recalled and calculated a number of times with different values. After inputting the calculation expression and pressing , the calculator will request for the current value of your input variables. CALC function can only be used in COMP mode or CPLX mode. 50 Example: For the equation Y = 5x2 –2x +1, calculate the value of Y if x = 5 or x = 7. LINE MODE: Key in operation Display (COMP MODE) 0 Y=5X2–X+1 0 Y=5X2–X+1 116 Y=5X2–X+1 232 ! The stored expression will be cleared when you start a new calculation, change into another mode, or turn off the calculator. Differential Calculations Press to enter COMP mode. To perform a differential calculation, you have to input the expression in the form of: differential expression a x • The differential expression must contain the variable x. • "a" is the differential coefficient. • " x" is the change interval of x (calculation precision). Example: To determine the derivative at point x = 10, the function f(x) = sin(3x + 30). Key in operation x = 10-8, for Display (COMP MODE) 0 d/dx(sin(3X+30) 0.04534498409 51 ! You can leave out the x in the differential expression and the calculator will automatically substitute a value for x. ! The smaller the entered value x is, the the longer the calculation time will be with more accurate results, the larger the entered value x is, the shorter the calculation time will be with comparatively less accurate results. ! Discontinuous points and extreme changes in the value of x can cause inaccurate results or errors. ! When performing differential calculations with trigonometric functions, select radian (Rad) as the angle unit setting. ! Logab, i~Rand, Rec ( and Pol ( functions can not join to differential calculations. Integration Calculations Press to enter COMP mode. To perform an integration calculation you are required to input the following elements: integration expression a b n • The integration expression has a variable x. • "a" and "b" defines the integration range of the definite integral. • "n" is the number of partitions (equivalent to N = 2n). The integration calculation is based on Simpson’s rule. n=2n, 1 n 9, n 0 As the number of significant digits is increased, internal integration calculations may take considerable time to complete. For some cases, even after considerable time is spent performing a calculation, the calculation results may be erroneous. Particularly when significant digits are less than 1, an ERROR might occur. Example: Perform the integration calculation for, with n = 4. Key in operation Display 0 (5X^(4)+3X2+2X 236 52 ! When performing integration calculations with trigonometric functions, select radian (Rad) as the angle unit setting. ! Logab, i~Rand, Rec ( and Pol ( functions can not join to integration calculations. Matrix Calculations Press to enter Matrix mode. Before starting matrix calculations, you have to create one matrix or a maximum of four matrices named A, B, C and D at one time. The matrix dimension can be up to 4x4. The matrix calculation results are stored into the MatAns memory automatically. You can use the matrix MatAns memory for any subsequent matrix calculations. Creating a Matrix Press to enter Matrix mode. Apps Press to use the MATX application; press next / previous pages. / for Press [ ] or [ ] key MATX ITEM DESCRIPTION [1] Dim Specify the Matrix memory A to D, and specify the dimension (up to 4 x 4) [2] Data Specify the matrix A-D for editing and corresponding matrix element [3] MatA to MatD Select matrix A to D [4] MatAns Calculation Answer of Matrix & Store into MatAns [5] Det Determinate function of Matrix A-D [6] Trn Transposed data in Matrix A-D [7] Ide Identity of matrix [8] Adj Adjoint to Matrix [9] Inv Press Inverse of Matrix to exit the matrix creating screen. 53 Editing Matrix Data Apps Press (Data), then specify the matrix A, B, C or D for editing and the corresponding matrix element indicator will be displayed. Input the new value and press to confirm the edit. Press to exit the matrix editing screen. Matrix Addition, Subtraction and Multiplication 1 2 3 9 8 7 Example: MatA = 4 5 6 , MatB = 6 5 4 , MatA x MatB=? 7 8 9 3 2 1 Key in operation Display Apps Apps Apps ! Matrices which will be added, subtracted or multiplied must be the same size. An error occurs if you try to add, subtract or multiply matrices whose dimensions are different from each other. For example, you cannot add or subtract a 2 x 3 to a 2 x 2 matrix. 54 Obtain the Scalar Product of a Matrix Each position in the matrix is multiplied by a single value, resulting in a matrix of the same size. 3 -2 6 -4 Example: Multiple Matrix C = by 2 <Result: > -1 5 -2 10 Key in operation Display Apps Apps Obtain the Determinant of a Matrix 10 -5 3 Example: Obtain the determinant of Matrix C = - 4 9 2 <Result: -471> 1 7 -3 Key in operation Display Apps Apps Apps ! An error occurs if you obtain the determinant of a non-square matrix. 55 Transpose a Matrix Example: Transpose Matrix B = 9 5 6 2 8 4 Key in operation <Result: 9 6 8 > 5 2 4 Display Apps Apps Apps Identity of Matrix Example: Identity Matrix D 1 0 0 1 Key in operation Display Apps 56 Adjoint of Matrix Example: Adjoint Matrix A 2 4 3 5 < Result: Key in operation 5 -3 -4 2 Display Apps Apps Apps Invert a Matrix 8 3 0.142857142 <Result: -0.071428571 Example: Inverting Matrix C = 2 6 -0.047619047 > 0.19047619 Key in operation Display Apps Apps Apps 57 > Determine the Absolute Value of a Matrix Example: To determine the absolute value of the inverted Matrix C in the previous example. Key in operation Display Abs Apps Vector Calculations Press to enter Vector mode. Before starting vector calculations, you have to create one or more vectors named A, B, C and D (maximum four vectors at one time). The vector calculation results are stored into VctAns memory automatically. You can use the vector VctAns memory for any subsequent vector calculations. Creating a Vector Press to enter Vector mode. Press Apps to use the Vector tool; ITEM DESCRIPTION [1] Dim Specify the Vector Name A to D, and specify the dimension (2D or 3D) [2] Data Specify the Vector A-D for editing and corresponding matrix element [3] VctA to VctD Select Vector A to D [4] VctAns Calculation Answer of Vector stored into VctAns [5] Dot Input the “▪” command for obtaining the dot product of a vector Outside VCTR MODE Apps Press to exit the matrix creating screen. 58 Editing Vector Elements Apps Press (data), then specify the matrix A, B, C or D for editing, and the corresponding vector element indicator will be displayed. Input the new value and press to confirm the edit. Press to exit the vector editing screen. Vector Addition and Subtraction Example: Vector A = (9,5), Vector B = (7,3), Vector A – Vector B =? Key in operation Display Apps Apps Apps ! An error occurs if you try to add or subtract vectors whose dimensions are different from each other. For example Vector A (a,b,c) cannot add or subtract to or from Vector B (d,e). 59 Obtain the Scalar Product of a Vector Each position in the vector is multiplied by a single value, resulting in a vector of the same size. s x VctA(a,b) = VctB(axs, bxs) Example: To Multiply Vector C = (4,5,-6) by 5 Key in operation Display Apps Apps Calculate the Inner Product of Two Vectors Example: Calculate the inner product of Vector A and Vector B. As Vector A = (4,5,-6) and Vector B = (-7,8,9). Key in operation Display Apps Apps Apps Apps Apps 60 Calculate the Outer Product of Two Vectors Example: Calculate the outer product of Vector A and Vector B. As Vector A = (4,5,-6) and Vector B = (-7,8,9). Key in operation Display Apps Apps Apps Apps ! An error occurs if you try to obtain an inner or outer product of two vectors whose dimensions are different from each other. Determine the Absolute Value of a Vector Example: Determine the absolute value of the Vector C. When Vector C = (4,5,-6) and is already created in the calculator. Key in operation Display Apps Abs Apps 61 Example : Based on Vector A=(-1, 0, 1) and Vector B=(1, 2, 0), determine the size of the angle (angle unit: Deg) and a unit 1 vector perpendicular to both A and B. , whereas = cos -1 cos = Unit 1 vector perpendicular to both A and B= < Result: =(0.666666666, -0.333333333, 0.666666666) > Key in operation Display Apps Apps Apps Apps Abs Abs Apps Apps Apps Apps Apps Abs Apps Apps 62 Function (x, y) Table Calculation Input f(x) function to generate the function table for x & f(x). Steps to generate a Number Table 1. Press to enter the Table function calculation. 2. Function Input screen • Input function with X variable ( ) to generate the Function Table Result. • All other variables (A, B, C, D, Y) and independent memory (M) act as the value. d • Pol, Rec, Q…r, S, dx functions can not be used in the Function Input screen. • The Function Table Calculation will change X-variable. 3. The input the start, end, & step information • Input the value, press to confirm on the following screens • Input expression and display result value in following screens are in Line mode status • There is a maximum of 30 x-values in the function table generation. “Insufficient Error” will be shown if the start, end, step value combination is more than 30 x-values. Display screen You should input:- Start? Input the lower limit of X (Default =1). End? Input the upper limit of X (Default = 5). *End value must be greater than the start value. Step? Input the increment step (Default =1). In the Function Table Result screen, you cannot edit the content, press to return to the Function Input screen. 3 2 Example : f (x) = x + 3x 2x to generate the function table for the range , incremented in steps of 1. Key in operation Display f(x)= f(x)= X3+3X2-2X 63 Battery Replacement Replace the battery immediately when the display characters are dim even with a darker LCD display contrast OR when the following message appears on the screen. Turn the calculator off and replace the lithium battery immediately. ! Low Battery Please replace the lithium battery with the following procedures, 1. Press to power off the calculator. 2. Remove the screw that securely fixes the battery cover in place. 3. Remove battery cover. 4. Remove the old battery with the tip of a ball pen or similar sharp object. 5. Load the new battery with positive “+” side facing up. 6. Replace the battery cover, screw, and press , to initialize the calculator. Caution: Risk of explosion if battery is replaced with an incorrect type. Dispose of used battery according to the instructions. Electromagnetic interference or electrostatic discharge may cause the display to malfunction or the contents of the memory to be lost or altered. Should this occur, press , to restart the calculator. Advice and Precautions • This calculator contains precision components such as LSI chips and should not be used in places subject to rapid variations in temperature, excessive humidity, dirt or dust, or exposed to direct sunlight. • The liquid crystal display panel is made of glass and should not be subjected to excessive pressure. • When cleaning the device, do not use a damp cloth or volatile liquid such as paint thinner. Instead, use only a soft, dry cloth. • Do not under any circumstances dismantle this device. If you believe that the calculator is not functioning properly, either bring or mail the device together with the guarantee to a service representative of the Canon Business office. • Never dispose the calculator improperly such as burning; it can create risks of personal injury or harm. You are suggested to dispose this product according to your national law. • Do replace the battery once every two years even if it is not used frequently. 64 Battery Caution! • Keep the battery out of the reach of children. If the battery is swallowed, contact a doctor immediately. • Misuse of the battery may cause leakage, explosion, damages, or personal injury. • Do not recharge or disassemble the battery, it could cause a short circuit. • Never expose the battery to high temperatures, direct heat, or dispose by incineration. • Never leave a dead battery in the calculator as the dead battery may leak and cause damage to the calculator. • Continued use of the calculator in the low battery condition may result in improper operation or the stored memory may be corrupted or lost completely. Keep the written records of important data all the time; and replace the battery as soon as possible. Specifications Power Supply Power Consumption Battery Life : Solar Cell and Lithium battery (CR2032 x 1) : DC 3.0V / 0.3mW : Approximately 4 years (Based on 1 hour of operation per day) Auto power off : Approx. 7 minutes Usable Temperature : 0° ~ 40°C Size: 171 (L) × 86 (W) × 17.3 (H) mm (with cover) / 168 (L) × 80 (W) × 13.15 (H) mm (without cover) / Weight: 120g (with cover) / 88 g (without cover) * Specifications are subject to change without notice. CANON ELECTRONIC BUSINESS MACHINES (H.K.) CO., LTD. 17/F., Tower One, Ever Gain Plaza, 82-100 Container Port Road, Kwai Chung, New Territories, Hong Kong CANON MARKETING (MALAYSIA) SDN BHD. Block D, Peremba Square, Saujana Resort, Section U2, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia © CANON ELECTRONIC BUSINESS MACHINES (H.K.) CO., LTD. 2012 65 E-IE-455 PRINTED IN CHINA

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