QSL - Mixed Flow Fan

QSL - Mixed Flow Fan
Twin City Fan & Blower Guide Specification
Inline Mixed Flow Fans: Model QSL, Direct or Belt Driven
Twin City Fan & Blower Model QSL Series Mixed Flow Fans combine the benefits of axial flow and
centrifugal flow fans. The QSL Mixed Flow Fans have the advantage of compact design and straightthrough airflow as well as the preferred acoustic characteristics and high pressure capability. QSL fans
offer superior air and sound performance and the AMCA certified rating seal for air and sound.
Mixed flow fans offer the economy of operation with a higher and broader efficiency range. The lower
operating speed for a given performance provides longer and more reliable operation.
Model QSL is available in both direct drive and belt driven configurations and mounts both vertically and
horizontally, allowing for numerous applications with multiple mounting arrangements. Model QSL is
UL/CUL 705 listed.
Application
The QSL Mixed Flow Fan is a popular choice for many air supply, return, and exhaust air applications in
the HVAC industry for both constant and variable air volume systems. The efficiency and sound
characteristics of mixed flow fans are often desired in buildings such as hospitals, libraries, theaters, and
general offices. The heavy-duty construction of QSL fans also makes them suitable for many industrial
applications handling ambient air.
Sizes (wheel diameters): 18.25 to 89.00 inches (464 mm to 2,261 mm)
Airflow: Up to 160,000 CFM (271,837 m3/hour)
Static Pressure: Up to 8 inches wg (1,987 Pa)
Twin City Fans & Blowers (TCF) is an industry leading designer and manufacturer of high quality
commercial and industrial fans and is a division of Twin City Fan Companies, Ltd. Our extensive product
line includes centrifugal fans and blowers, axial fans, and power roof ventilators. For the commercial
market, TCF supplies ventilation fans for retail and office buildings, restaurants, schools, hospitals, and
government buildings. TCF’s industrial fans are used in a wide variety of process applications for
numerous industries including Petrochemical, Nuclear, Cement, Steel, and Air Pollution Control. Special
materials, construction, coatings, and accessories are available to fit any application requirements.
TCF has completed thousands of successful installations across the globe and has a proven track record
for tackling the most technically complex applications within the fan industry. TCF is also known for its
technical design capabilities, comprehensive testing services, and responsive sales team. Due to the
company’s extensive expertise and long-standing reputation for proven quality, TCF products continue to
be specified around the globe.
TCF occupies over 1,000,000 sq. ft. of manufacturing space across ten facilities in the U.S, with
expanded manufacturing and service operations located in South America, Europe, India, China, and
Singapore. Headquarters are located in Minneapolis, Minnesota, which houses the management, sales
and marketing, accounting, human resources, material management, engineering personnel, as well as a
state-of-the-art AMCA accredited testing lab.
Twin City Fan & Blower
Model QSL
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MIXED FLOW FANS
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We recommend you consult with your Twin City Fan & Blower Sales Representative, who can be
contacted through: Twin City Fan & Blower, Minneapolis MN; (763) 551-7600; email: [email protected];
www.tcf.com.
This document Copyright© 2015 Twin City Fan Company.
Twin City Fan & Blower
Model QSL
23 34 13.03
MIXED FLOW FANS
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SECTION 23 34 13.03 – MIXED-FLOW HVAC FANS
PART 1 - GENERAL
1.1
SUMMARY
Specifier: Select fan drive style in following paragraph.
A.
1.2
Section includes inline mixed flow fans, [belt] [direct] driven.
REFERENCE STANDARDS
A.
Anti-Friction Bearing Manufacturers Association (AFBMA): www.americanbearings.org:
1.
2.
B.
Air Movement and Control Association International, Inc. (ACMA): www.acma.org:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
C.
1.3
MG 1 – Motors and Generators
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): www.nfpa.org:
1.
E.
AMCA Standard 204 - Balance Quality and Vibration Levels for Fans
AMCA Standard 205 - Energy Efficiency Classification for Fans
AMCA Standard 210 / ASHRAE 51 - Laboratory Methods of Testing Fans for Certified
Aerodynamic Performance Rating
AMCA Publication 211 - Certified Ratings Program - Product Rating Manual for Fan Air
Performance
AMCA Standard 300 - Reverberant Room Method for Sound Testing of Fans
AMCA Publication 311 - Certified Ratings Program - Product Rating Manual For Fan
Sound Performance
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA): www.nema.org
1.
D.
AFBMA 9 – Load Ratings and Fatigue Life for Ball Bearings
ABMA 11 – Load Ratings and Fatigue Life for Roller Bearings
NFPA 70 - National Electric Code
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL): www.ul.com:
1.
UL 705 - Standard for Power Ventilators
ACTION SUBMITTALS
A.
Product Data: Include the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Rated capacities and operating characteristics.
Fan Performance Data: Fan performance curves with flow, static pressure and
horsepower.
Sound Performance Data: Fan sound power levels in eight octave bands and, Aweighted overall sound power level or sone values.
Motor ratings and electrical characteristics.
Furnished specialty components.
Specified accessories.
Dimensioned standard drawings indicating dimensions, weights, and attachments to
other work.
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MIXED FLOW FANS
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Specifier: If Contractor will be required to provide engineering drawings and calculations for vibration, seismic, or
high wind design, insert requirements here.
1.4
INFORMATIONAL SUBMITTALS
A.
Source quality-control reports.
B.
Field quality-control reports.
C.
ISO-9001 certificate.
1.5
CLOSEOUT SUBMITTALS
A.
1.6
Operation and Maintenance Data: Include routine maintenance, adjustment requirements,
safety information, and troubleshooting guide.
QUALITY ASSURANCE
A.
Manufacturer Qualifications: Approved ISO 9001-compliant manufacturer listed in this Section
with minimum 10 years' experience in manufacture of similar products in successful use in
similar applications.
Specifier: Retain paragraph below if Owner allows substitutions but requires strict control over qualifying of
substitutions.
1.
Approval of Comparable Products: Submit the following in accordance with project
substitution requirements, within time allowed for substitution review:
a.
b.
c.
2.
3.
B.
Substitutions following award of contract are not allowed except as stipulated in Division
01 General Requirements.
Approved manufacturers must meet separate requirements of Submittals Article.
AMCA Compliance:
1.
2.
3.
1.7
Product data, including certified independent test data indicating compliance with
requirements.
Project references: Minimum of 5 installations not less than 5 years old, with
Owner contact information.
Sample warranty.
Provide fan types tested in accordance with AMCA Standard 210 (air performance) and
AMCA Standard 300 (sound performance) in an AMCA-accredited laboratory.
Provide fan units rated according to AMCA Standard 211 (air performance) and AMCA
Publication 311 (sound performance).
Provide fan units rated according to AMCA Standard 205 (fan efficiency grade).
COORDINATION
A.
Coordinate sizes and locations of supports required for fan units.
B.
Coordinate sizes and locations of equipment supports, [vibration isolation mounts] [seismic
mounts and restraints].
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Model QSL
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MIXED FLOW FANS
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1.8
FIELD CONDITIONS
A.
1.9
Handling and Storage: Handle and store fan units in accordance with manufacturer's published
instructions. Examine units upon delivery for damage. Store units protected from weather.
WARRANTY
Specifier: Consult Twin City Fan & Blower for available special, Project-specific warranties.
A.
Manufacturer's Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer agrees to furnish
replacement components for fan units that demonstrate defects in workmanship or materials
under normal use within warranty period specified.
1.
Warranty Period: 12 months from startup or 18 months from shipment by manufacturer,
whichever first occurs.
PART 2 - PRODUCTS
2.1
MANUFACTURER
A.
Basis-of-Design Manufacturer: Provide fan units manufactured by Twin City Fan & Blower,
Minneapolis MN; (763) 551-7600; email: [email protected]; website: www.tcf.com.
B.
Source Limitations: Obtain mixed flow fans from a single manufacturer.
2.2
PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
A.
Fan Performance Ratings: [Project site elevation- based] [Sea level-based].
B.
AMCA Compliance: Provide units that bear the AMCA-Certified Ratings Seal.
C.
Compliance:
1.
2.
D.
2.3
Classified under AMCA Standard 205.
Provide units that comply with requirements of under UL 705.
Electrical Components, Devices, and Accessories: Listed and labeled as defined in NFPA 70.
MIXED FLOW FANS
A.
[Direct ] [Belt ]- Driven, Mixed Flow Fans: Tubular fan units, configured for horizontal or vertical
flow of relatively clean air for Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) applications.
1.
2.
Basis of Design Product: Twin City Fan & Blower, Model QSL.
Permanently attach nameplate displaying serial number and unit information.
Specifier: If only one fan type is specified, retain appropriate subparagraph below. If two or more fan types are
required, include configuration data in the Fan Schedule on the Drawings, and delete the following paragraph and its
subparagraphs.
B.
Configuration:
1.
Horizontal, Base-Mounted (HBM): Provide support leg bracket at each end of fan, for
floor mounting.
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MIXED FLOW FANS
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2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Horizontal, Ceiling-Hung (HCH): Provide four welded hanger clips for support from above
with hanger rods.
Horizontal, No Mounting Brackets (HOR):
Vertical, Roof-Mounted (VRM). Include discharge cap with gravity-type butterfly dampers
that close when fan is not running.
Vertical, Discharge Up, Floor Mount Bracket at Inlet (VUI).
Vertical, Discharge Up, Ceiling Hung Bracket at Outlet (VUO).
Vertical, Discharge Down, Ceiling-Hung Bracket at Inlet (VDI).
Vertical, Discharge Down, Floor Mount Bracket at Outlet (VDO).
Vertical, Discharge Up, No Brackets (VUN).
Vertical, Discharge Down, No Brackets (VDN).
Specifier: Select steel option in following paragraph for all cases except spark-resistant construction.
C.
Fan Wheel Impeller: Double-surface, hollow, die-formed [steel] [aluminum] construction with
true airfoil profile, and continuously welded seams. Statically and dynamically balance wheel
when fabricated, and again after fan unit has been assembled.
Specifier: Retain the following subparagraph for spark-resistant aluminum fan wheel impeller only.
1.
Maximum Operating Temperature: 250 deg. F (121 deg. C).
D.
Fan Shaft: Turned, ground, and polished steel; keyed to wheel hub. Select shaft diameter so
that maximum operating speed is lower than 70 percent of First Critical Speed.
E.
Bearings: Manufacturer's standard field-lubricated ball or roller bearings, based on fan size and
mounting orientation, with grease lines extended to outside fan housing.
1.
F.
Minimum L-10 Bearing Life: 40,000 hours at maximum operating speed, in accordance
with AFBMA 9 for Ball Bearings, or AFBMA 11 for Roller Bearings.
Housing: Heavy-gage steel with continuously welded seams. Provide punched inlet and outlet
flanges.
Specifier: In following subparagraph, a bolted access door is standard. A quick open latched access door is optional.
1.
2.
[Bolted] [Quick Open Latched] Access Door.
Provide slip-on companion flanges that match fan flanges for making connections to
ductwork.
Specifier: Select steel option in following paragraph for all cases except spark-resistant construction.
G.
Inner Cylinder: [Steel] [Aluminum], rigidly constructed to support fan shaft and bearings, with
removable discharge cone.
Specifier: To allow for fan shaft, bearing, and sheave service, design duct access door adjacent to discharge end of
fan.
1.
H.
Design fan to allow for servicing fan shaft, bearings, [and sheave] by removing discharge
cone.
Straightening Vanes: Steel, aerodynamically designed to recover velocity pressure and convert
it to static pressure in downstream ductwork.
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Model QSL
23 34 13.03
MIXED FLOW FANS
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Specifier: Retain paragraph and subparagraphs below for belt-driven units only.
I.
Belt Drives:
1.
Drive Components: V-belt drive, rated for minimum 150 percent of motor nameplate
horsepower, with machined, cast-iron pulleys, and heat resistant, oil resistant, static-free
V-belts.
a.
b.
Motor 10 hp and Smaller: Adjustable pitch.
Motor 15 hp and Larger: Fixed pitch.
Specifier: Retain the following paragraph, depending on whether it is necessary to shield the drive belts from the
airstream. Belt shield tubes are required for spark-free construction.
2.
Motor and Drive Assembly: Rigidly mounted and isolated from airstream. Provide belt
shield tubes.
Specifier: Retain first following subparagraph for indoor fans. Retain second following subparagraph for outdoor
fans, if required. Weather cover is available in hinged or bolt-on configurations.
3.
Belt Guard: Steel, totally enclosed and sealed.
4.
[Hinged] Outdoor Weather Cover: Provide [hinged] steel weather cover to shield motor
and belt-drive from weather. Fabricate with rainproof ventilation slots.
J.
Motors: Comply with NEMA MG-1 for designation, temperature rating, service factor, enclosure
type, and efficiency requirements for motors specified in Division 23 section "Common Motor
Requirements for HVAC Equipment."
1.
Motor Sizes: Minimum size as indicated. If not indicated, large enough so driven load will
not require motor to operate in service factor range above 1.0.
Specifier: Retain paragraph and subparagraphs below for direct driven units only.
2.
Motor Speed: [3,600] [1,800] [1,200] rpm.
Specifier: Select motor electrical data in following subparagraphs, or show this data on the drawing fan schedule. Do
not show the data in both places.
3.
Electrical Data:
a.
b.
Voltage: [115] [208] [230] [277] [460] [575] [_____] V; [1] [3] phase; 60 Hz.
Full Load Amps: [_____] A.
Specifier: Select motor enclosure type in first following subparagraph. For motors controlled by VFDs, retain second
following subparagraph.
4.
5.
Enclosure Type: [Open, Drip Proof (ODP)] [Totally Enclosed Fan Cooled (TEFC)]
[Explosion Proof].
Provide premium efficiency motor, suitable for inverter duty.
Specifier: If factory disconnect is required, select NEMA enclosure rating in following paragraph, and select one
subparagraph below to specify factory or field mounting.
6.
Provide unfused disconnect switch, NEMA [1] [3R] [4] [4X], selected in accordance with
Division 26 section "Enclosed Switches."
a.
Ship disconnect switch loose for field mounting and wiring.
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MIXED FLOW FANS
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b.
Factory mount and wire disconnect switch.
Specifier: Retain paragraph below for belt-driven units only.
K.
Motor Mounting Platform: Heavy-duty motor mounting platform that pivots to allow adjustment of
drive belt tension. Provide eight standard locations around fan unit circumference for placement
of motor mounting platform.
L.
Vibration Isolation:
Specifier: Retain paragraph and subparagraph below, and coordinate options with project design.
1.
Provide [spring] [neoprene-in-shear] vibration isolators, [and seismic restraints] in
accordance with fan manufacturer's requirements, and Division 23, Section "Vibration
and Seismic Controls for HVAC Piping and Equipment."
a.
Spring Isolators: Select for [1 inch (25.4 mm)] [2 inch (51 mm)] deflection.
Specifier: The following paragraph is not for standard fan units. Retain paragraph below for fans requiring frequent
cleaning and service, or where service through a duct access door is not suitable.
M.
Interior Access:
1.
2.
N.
Clamshell Design: Provide two mating doors that swing open to allow total access to
interior of fan. Include heavy-duty hinges, locking latches, and full gasketing to provide
complete seal.
Swingout Design: Provide assembly with all moving fan parts mounted on a swingout
door. Include heavy-duty hinges, locking latches, and full gasketing to provide complete
seal.
Finishes:
1.
After fabrication, deburr, clean and chemically pretreat metal parts by phosphatization.
2.
Apply two coats of following finish:
Specifier: The first paragraph below is manufacturer's standard finish. Those that follow are optional finishes.
Select finish that is required.
If fans
here.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
O.
specified for the project have different finishes, include the finish for each fan on the Drawings and delete
Air-dried enamel.
High-temperature aluminum paint.
Asphaltum.
Vinyl PVC.
Zinc.
Air-dried epoxy.
Synthetic resin, Santile 855.
Air-dried phenolic, Heresite VR 506.
Epoxy, Carboguard 890 series.
Phenolic epoxy, Plasite 7122L
Baked phenolic, Heresite P 413
Coal tar epoxy.
High-Build baked epoxy, Skotchkote 324.
Accessories:
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Model QSL
23 34 13.03
MIXED FLOW FANS
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Specifier: Accessories listed in subparagraphs below are optional TCF features for this unit. Consult TCF
representative for recommended options based upon Project requirements.
1.
2.
Belt Guard Painted Yellow
Inlet or Outlet Safety Screen: Welded wire safety screens fabricated in two parts for easy
installation and removal.
Specifier: Retain paragraph and subparagraphs below for direct driven units only.
3.
Externally Mounted Conduit Box: NEMA [1] [3R] [4] [4X].
Specifier: Retain following paragraph when spark-resistant construction is required. Select applicable subparagraph.
4.
Spark Resistant Construction: Mount bearings outside flow airstream, and provide sealed
metal belt tubes.
a.
b.
c.
5.
6.
7.
AMCA Type A: Provide non-ferrous metal parts in contact with flowing airstream,
and aluminum rub ring where shaft penetrates fan housing.
AMCA Type B: Provide non-ferrous fan wheel impeller and aluminum rub ring
where shaft penetrates fan housing.
AMCA Type C: Provide construction that will not permit shaft or fan wheel impeller
to contact or strike ferrous metal parts.
Fusible Link: Holds butterfly dampers on discharge cap open when fusible link melts at
165 deg. F (74 deg. C).
Magnetic Damper Latches: Provide where required to keep dampers closed while fan is
not running.
Roof Curb: Minimum 12 inches (300 mm) high, unvented, with 1-1/2 inch (38 mm) thick
insulation.
Specifier: Retain following paragraphs below for roof mounted units only.
8.
Curb Cap: One-piece, weather-tight construction, pre-punched mounting holes for correct
attachment to roof curb. Fabricate from steel and include flange to mate with fan unit inlet
flange.
9.
Discharge Cap: Provide [steel] [aluminum] discharge cap with integral butterfly damper
flaps operated by fan flow.
10.
UL 705 Compliant Assembly: Provide components required for UL 705 compliance. Affix
UL 705 labeling and nameplate to finished unit.
Specifier: Retain the following subparagraph when reduced leakage is required. This seal does not make the inner
cylinder gas-tight.
11.
Provide shaft seal, including PTFE wear plate and rubber seal, to limit airstream
infiltration.
Specifier: Where flow measurement is required, retain following subparagraph. This ring sensor can be used with
instrumentation provided by Twin City Fans, or instrumentation provided as the work of a separate contract.
12.
Piezometer Ring: Provide piezometer ring type differential pressure sensor with nylon
tubing to connections for field-installed flow measuring instrumentation.
13.
Pressure Transducer without Display: Provide piezometer ring and transducer to convert
differential pressure readings to 4-20 mA DC signal proportional to flow.
Specifier: When required, retain enclosure option in following paragraph.
14.
Pressure Transducer/Transmitter with Display [Panel Mounted] [NEMA 4X Enclosure]:
Provide piezometer ring and transducer with local digital display to convert differential
pressure readings to 4-20 mA DC signal proportional to flow. Program digital display to
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MIXED FLOW FANS
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15.
16.
P.
2.4
show fan flow in cubic feet per minute (cfm). Include two independently adjustable SPDT
dry-contact outputs. [Mount pressure transducer/transmitter inside NEMA 4 enclosure.]
Thrust Restraint: Provide thrust restraint support member when fan is horizontally
mounted and not anchored to building structure.
Sound Attenuating Enclosure: Provide insulated enclosure to reduce radiated sound and
motor noise.
Fan Capacities and Characteristics: Refer to Drawing schedule.
SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL
A.
Factory Run Test: Test run assembled fan units prior to shipment at specified operating speed
or maximum RPM allowed. Statically and dynamically balance each wheel in accordance with
ANSI/AMCA 204 "Balance Quality and Vibration Levels for Fans" to Fan Application Category
BV-3, Balance Quality Grade G6.3. Obtain balance readings by electronic equipment in the
axial, vertical, and horizontal directions on each set of bearings.
1.
Submit report of factory run test.
PART 3 - EXECUTION
3.1
EXAMINATION
A.
3.2
Examine areas to receive fans. Notify Engineer regarding conditions that may adversely affect
installation, operation, or maintenance of fans. Proceed with installation once conditions are in
accordance with manufacturer's published instructions.
PROTECTION
A.
Protect adjacent construction and finished surfaces during installation and testing.
B.
Except for operational testing, do not operate fan during construction.
3.3
INSTALLATION
A.
Install fans in accordance with Contract documents and manufacturer's published instructions.
Specifier: Insert applicable installation requirements for vibration, seismic, and high wind design if applicable to
installation.
B.
Install fan units with adequate clearances for service and maintenance.
Specifier: Coordinate duct installation and specialty arrangements with schematics on Drawings and with
requirements specified in duct systems. If Drawings are explicit enough, these requirements may be reduced or
omitted.
C.
Duct Connections: Drawings indicate general arrangement of ducts and duct accessories.
Where indicated on Drawings, [install factory-furnished companion flanges and] make final duct
connections with flexible connectors. Flexible connectors are specified in Division 23 section
"Air Duct Accessories."
1.
D.
Install connecting ducts with adequate clearances for service and maintenance.
Electrical Connections: Connect wiring in accordance with NFPA 70 and Division 26 section
"Low-Voltage Electrical Power Conductors and Cables."
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MIXED FLOW FANS
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1.
E.
3.4
Ground and bond equipment according to Division 26 section "Grounding and Bonding
for Electrical Systems."
Equipment Identification: Label units according to Division 23 section "Identification for HVAC
Piping and Equipment."
FIELD QUALITY CONTROL
A.
[Owner will retain] [Contractor shall retain] qualified testing agency to perform field tests and
inspections.
Specifier: Retain first paragraph below to describe tests and inspections to be performed.
B.
Tests and Inspections:
1.
2.
Verify that unit is secured to supports, and that duct and electrical connections are
complete. Verify that proper thermal-overload protection is installed in motors, starters,
and disconnect switches.
Verify that cleaning and adjusting are complete.
Specifier: Retain option in following paragraph for belt driven units. Otherwise, delete option.
3.
[Disconnect fan belt drive from motor.] Verify proper motor rotation direction, and verify
fan wheel free rotation and smooth bearing operation. Reconnect fan drive system, align
and adjust belts, and install belt guards.
4.
Verify that manual and automatic volume control, and fire and smoke dampers in
connected ductwork systems are in fully open position.
5.
Disable automatic temperature-control actuators, energize motor, adjust fan to indicated
rpm, and measure and record motor voltage and amperage.
6.
Shut unit down and reconnect automatic temperature-control actuators.
7.
Remove and replace malfunctioning units and retest as specified above.
C.
Test and adjust controls and safeties. Replace damaged and malfunctioning controls and
equipment.
D.
Submit test and inspection reports.
3.5
ADJUSTING AND CLEANING
A.
Adjust, clean, and maintain installed fan units in accordance with manufacturer's published
instructions.
END OF SECTION
Twin City Fan & Blower
Model QSL
23 34 13.03
MIXED FLOW FANS
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