Yamaha | TG100 | Product manual | Yamaha TG100 Product manual

YAMAHA
AUTHORIZED
PRODUCT MANUAL
TONE GENERATOR
GENERAL
YAMAHA
TONE GENERATOR
GETTING STARTED MANUAL
1
Safety, Warnings & Notes
1 Safety, Warnings & Notes
Please read the following information before operating your TG100.
Safety information
Make sure the TG100 power supply adaptor’s power cord is not located in a
position where it is likely to be walked on and/or pinched by other equipment
placed near to it.
Do not expose the TG100 to extremes of humidity.
Do not place the TG100 near water.
Do not place the TG100 in areas subject to extremely low temperatures.
Do not place the TG100 in locations subject to excessive dust.
Do not place the TG100 in an area subject to vibration.
Do not expose the TG100 to severe shocks.
Do not place the TG100 in direct sunlight, close to heating units or in areas
subject to high temperatures.
The ambient temperature where the TG100 is located should be between
10º-35°C.
Warnings
Use only the power supply adaptor supplied with the TG100.
The TG100 power supply adaptor should only be connected to a power supply of
the type described in this Operating Manual or as marked on the adaptor.
Before connecting the adaptor to the TG100, make sure it is disconnected from
the wall-power (mains) outlet. Always connect the adaptor to the TG100 and then
plug the adaptor into the wall-power (mains) outlet.
To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not remove the cover of the TG100.
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose the TG100 to rain or
moisture.
The TG100 contains no user serviceable parts. Refer all servicing to qualified
personnel.
The TG100 uses digital circuits, which operate at high frequencies. When used
close to TV and Radio equipment, reception may be affected. If this is the case,
simply move the TG100 to a different location.
If any of the following should occur, the TG100 should be serviced by qualified
personnel:
The TG100 power supply adaptor’s cord or plug becomes damaged in any way.
Metal objects or liquids get inside the TG100.
The TG100 is exposed to rain.
The TG100 is dropped and/or the enclosure is damaged.
The TG100 does not operate normally, or a marked change in performance is
noticed.
Introduction 2
2 Introduction
Welcome to the TG100
Thank you for purchasing the TG100. The TG100 is a 28-note polyphonic AWM
(Advanced Wave Memory) tone generator. It contains 192 instrument voices and
8 drum kits. Up to 16 voices can be produced simultaneously. For details about all
the TG100’s features, see “TG100 features” on page 2 of the Reference Manual.
TG100 manuals
The TG100 has two operating manuals: This Getting Started Manual and a Reference
Manual. This Getting started Manual will tell you all the things you need to know
to be able to use the TG100 right away. It contains four tutorial setups:
1) Using the TG100 with a MIDI keyboard on page 4.
2) Using the TG100 with a computer that has a MIDI interface on page 7.
3) “Using the TG100 with a computer that does not have a MIDI interface (TO
HOST)” on page 9.
4) Editing & Saving Voices on page 11.
The Reference Manual contains full details about all the TG100’s functions.
We recommend that you begin with this Getting Started Manual. This will allow you
to setup your TG100, start playing the voices and familiarize yourself with some of
its functions.
As you read through this manual, keep the Reference Manual close by, so that if you
want to know more about a certain function you can refer to it. The Reference Manual
contains an index, which will allow you to locate information quickly, and also a
glossary of TG100 terminology.
Unpacking
The TG100 packaging should contain the following items:
1
TG100 TONE GENERATOR
1
Power Supply Adaptor (PA-1505)
1
Getting Started Manual
1
Reference Manual
Serial No:
Store the packaging materials for future use.
Installation
The TG100 is a “half-rack-size” unit. This is one of the standard sizes for audio
equipment, and means that your TG100 can easily be installed with your other audio
equipment. The TG100 should be placed on a flat, stable surface, somewhere that
complies with the “Safety information” on page 1.
The TG100 can be mounted into a 19” rack (flightcase size) using one of the
“half-rack-size” adaptors that are available. See “Rack mounting” on page 66 of the
Reference Manual.
3
Controls & Connections
3 Controls & Connections
Front panel
POWER SWITCH
PARAMETER
BUTTONS
LCD
PEAK INDICATOR
MASTER VOLUME
CONTROL
AUDIO IN LEVELCONTROL
PHONES CONNECTOR
Rear panel
LINE OUTPUT
CONNECTORS
TO HOST COMPUTER
CONNECTlON
POWER SUPPLY ADAPTOR
CONNECTOR (PA-1505)
HOST COMPUTER
SELECT SWITCH
MIDI THRU, OUT & IN
CONNECTORS
LCD CONTRAST
CONTROL
Using the TG100 with a MIDI keyboard
4
4 Using the TG100 with a MIDI keyboard
In this tutorial the TG100 is used with a MIDI keyboard. This could be a MIDI master
keyboard, or a synthesizer with MIDI facilities.
What you will need
1 ) The TG100 and its power supply adaptor (PA-1505).
2) A MIDI master keyboard or synthesizer.
3) A stereo amplifier and connecting cable, or stereo headphones. If your
headphones are fitted with a 1/4” (6.35mm) jack connector, you will need a
stereo 3.5mm to 1/4” jack adaptor.
4) A MIDI connecting cable (available from your Yamaha dealer).
Making the connections
Before making any connections, make sure that all your equipment is switched off
and the TG100’s power supply adaptor is not plugged into the wall power outlet.
1) Connect the MIDI cable from your MIDI keyboard’s “MIDI OUT” connector to
the TG100’s “MIDI IN” connector.
2) Connect the TG100’s “LINE OUT”, “R” and “L/MONO” connectors to the
inputs of your amplifier (if your amplifier has only one input, connect only the
TG100’s “L/MONO” connector). Or, if you are using stereo headphones,
connect them to the TG100’s “PHONES” connector.
3) Connect the power supply adaptor to the TG100’s “DC IN” connector.
4) Plug the power supply adaptor into a wall-power (mains) outlet.
Figure 1. Connecting the TG100 to a MIDI keyboard.
POWER SUPPLY
ADAPTOR
SPEAKERS
5
Using the TG100 with a MIDI keyboard
Switching on the power
1) Before switching on the power, set the “HOST SELECT” switch to “MIDI”.
2) Turn down the TG100’s “MASTER VOLUME” control, then press the TG100’s
“POWER” switch. On the TG100’s LCD, the message “YAMAHA TG100” will
be shown for a few seconds, then the LCD shown below will appear.
3) Switch on your MIDI keyboard.
4) Turn down your amplifier’s volume control, then switch on your amplifier.
Settings
1) For this tutorial, the TG100’s Sound module mode must be General MIDI. If the
first letter of the above LCD is not “G”, the Sound module mode must be set. See
“Selecting the sound module mode” on page 16 of the Reference Manual.
2) Set the input selector on your amplifier to the input that the TG100 is connected
to.
3) Set your MIDI keyboard so that its MIDI transmit channel is “1”.
4) Set your amplifier’s volume control to the position used for normal listening.
5) Turn up the TG100’s “MASTER VOLUME” control while playing your MIDI
keyboard.
If everything is OK, you will be playing, and hearing voice no. 1, Acoustic Grand
piano.
If you don't hear anything, check the following.
Is all your equipment switched on.
Is your MIDI keyboard set to the correct MIDI channel.
Check the audio, and MIDI connections.
Is the TG100’s “HOST SELECT” switch set to MIDI.
Make sure the TG100’s MASTER VOLUME control is turned up.
Check the settings on your amplifier: input selector, volume, speakers,
headphones, etc.
See “Troubleshooting” on page 63 of the Reference Manual.
Selecting instrument voices
The TG100 has 192 preset instrument voices arranged into three voice banks.
G
D
C
- General MIDI
- DISK ORCHESTRA
- C/M
There is also an Internal voice bank, which contains the 64 voices that can be edited.
See “Voice bank table” on page 19 of the Reference Manual, or the “pullout” voice
table card for a listing of all the TG100’s voices.
Using the TG100 with a MIDI keyboard
6
Selecting a voice bank
1) Repeatedly press the [CURSOR] button until the LCD cursor is positioned as
shown below.
2) Use the [+1/YES] and [-l/NO] buttons to select a voice bank.
Selecting an instrument voice
1) Repeatedly press the [CURSOR] button until the LCD cursor is positioned
under the “1”, as shown below.
2) Use the [+1/YES] and [-1/NO] buttons to select an instrument voice.
Playing the drum kits
1) To play the TG100’s drums kits you must change your MIDI keyboard’s MIDI
transmit channel to “10”.
Each drum sound is assigned to a note on your MIDI keyboard. Drum sounds
are arranged into 8 drum kits:
KIT NAME
PC # No.
1
Standard
9
Room
17
Power
25
Electronic
26
Analog
33
Jazz (same as the Standard kit)
41
Brush
49
Orchestra
126
Clavinov (Clavinova)
127
RX
C/M
128
See the drum kit layouts on page 25 to page 28 of the Reference Manual, or the
“pullout” voice table card for a listing of all the TG100’s drums sounds.
Selecting drum kits
1) Repeatedly press the [CURSOR] button until the LCD cursor is at the CH
position.
2) Repeatedly press the [+l/YES] button until the following display is shown.
3) Press the [CURSOR] button once to position the LCD cursor at the PC# position.
4) Using the [+1/YES] and [-l/NO] buttons to select a drum kit.
7
Using the TG100 with a computer that has a MIDI interface
5 Using the TG100 with a computer that has a MIDI
interface
In this tutorial the TG100 is used with a computer that has a MIDI interface.
If you are not sure how to connect your computer, please consult your Yamaha
dealer.
What you will need
1) The TG100 and its power supply adaptor (PA-1505).
2) A MIDI master keyboard or synthesizer.
3) A computer with a MIDI interface.
4) MIDI sequencing software.
5) A stereo amplifier and connecting cable, or stereo headphones. If your
headphones are fitted with a 1/4” (6.35mm) jack connector, you will need a
stereo 3.5mm to 1/4” jack adaptor.
6) Two MIDI connecting cables.
Making the connections
Before making any connections, make sure that all your equipment is switched off
and the TG100’s power supply adaptor is not plugged into the wall-power (mains)
outlet.
1) Connect a MIDI cable from your MIDI keyboard’s “MIDI OUT’ connector to
your computer’s “MIDI IN” connector.
2) Connect a MIDI cable from your MIDI computer’s “MIDI OUT” connector to
the TG100’s “MIDI IN’ connector.
3) Connect the TG100’s “LINE OUT”, “R” and “L/MONO” connectors to the
inputs of your amplifier (if your amplifier has only one input, connect only the
TG100’s “L/MONO” connector). Or, if you are using stereo headphones,
connect them to the TG100’s “PHONES” connector.
4) Connect the power supply adaptor to the TG100’s “DC IN” connector.
5) Plug the power supply adaptor into a wall-power (mains) outlet.
Switching on the power
1) Before switching on the power, set the “HOST SELECT” switch to “MIDI”.
2) Turn down the TG100’s “MASTER VOLUME” control, then press the TG100’s
“POWER” switch. On the TG100’s LCD, the message “YAMAHA TG100” will
be shown for a few seconds, then the LCD shown below will appear.
3)
Switch on your MIDI keyboard.
4) Switch on your computer and load your MIDI sequencing software.
5) Turn down your amplifiers volume control, then switch on your amplifier.
Using the TG100 with a computer that has a MIDI interface
8
Figure 2. Connecting to a computer that has a MIDI interface.
POWER SUPPLY
ADAPTOR
SPEAKERS
Settings
1) For this tutorial, the TG100’s Sound module mode must be General MIDI. If the
first letter of the above LCD is not “G”, the Sound module mode must be set. See
“Selecting the sound module mode” on page 16 of the Reference Manual.
2) Set the input selector on your amplifier to the input that the TG100 is connected to.
3) Set your MIDI keyboard so that its MIDI transmit channel is “1”.
4) To simplify operation, set sequencer tracks 1 to 16 to MIDI channels 1 to 16.
Now, track “1” corresponds to TG100 Part “l”, track “2” to TG100 Part “2”, etc.
5) Select sequencer track “1”.
6) Set your amplifier’s volume control to the position used for normal listening.
7)
Turn up the TG100’s “MASTER VOLUME” control while playing your MIDI
keyboard.
If everything is OK, you will be playing, and hearing voice no. 1, Acoustic Grand piano.
If you don’t hear anything, check the following.
Is all your equipment switched on.
Is your MIDI keyboard and sequencer set to the correct MIDI channel.
Is the MIDI sequencer’s “MIDI THRU” option turned on.
Check the audio, and MIDI connections.
Is the TG100’s “HOST SELECT” switch set to MIDI.
Make sure the TG100’s MASTER VOLUME control is turned up.
Check the settings on your amplifier: input selector, volume, speakers,
headphones, etc.
See “Troubleshooting” on page 63 of the Reference Manual.
Tracks can now be recorded and MIDI Program Change messages can be sent to the
TGl00 to select different voices for each of the TG100’s Parts.
9
Using the TG100 with a computer that does not have a MIDI interface (TO HOST)
6 Using the TG100 with a computer that does not have
a MIDI interface (TO HOST)
In this tutorial the TG100 is used with a computer that does not have a MIDI interface.
If you are not sure how to connect your computer, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
What you will need
1)
The TG100 and its power supply adaptor (PA-1505).
2) A MIDI master keyboard or synthesizer.
3) A computer with a serial port (RS-232C, or RS-422).
4)
MIDI sequencing software that supports the TG100’s TO HOST connection.
5)
A stereo amplifier and connecting cable, or stereo headphones, If your
headphones are fitted with a 1/4” (6.35mm) jack connector, you will need a
stereo 3.5mm to 1/4” jack adaptor.
6) One MIDI connecting cable and a special “HOST” cable. See “Host computer
connecting cables” on page 67 of the Reference Manual.
Making the connections
Before making any connections, make sure that all your equipment is switched off and
the TG100’s power supply adaptor is not plugged into the wall-power (mains) outlet.
1) Connect the MIDI cable from your MIDI keyboard’s “MIDI OUT” connector to
the TG100’s “MIDI IN” connector.
2) Connect the “HOST” cable from the TG100’s “TO HOST” connection to your
computer’s serial port.
3) Connect the TG100’s “LINE OUT”, “R” and “L/MONO” connectors to the
inputs of your amplifier (if your amplifier has only one input, connect only the
TG100’s “L/MONO” connector). Or, if your are using stereo headphones,
connect them to the TGl00’s “PHONES” connector.
4) Connect the power supply adaptor to the TG100’s “DC IN” connector.
5) Plug the power supply adaptor into a wall-power (mains) outlet.
Switching on the power
1) Before switching on the power, set the “HOST SELECT” switch to the type of
computer being used, either “Mac”, “PC-l”, or “PC-2”. See “Connecting to a
computer” on page 53 of the Reference Manual for full details.
2) Turn down the TG100’s “MASTER VOLUME” control, then press the TG100’s
“POWER” switch. On the TG100’s LCD, the message “YAMAHA TG100” will
be shown for a few seconds, then the LCD shown below will appear.
3) Switch on your MIDI keyboard.
4) Switch on your computer and load your MIDI sequencing software.
5) Turn down your amplifiers volume control, then switch on your amplifier.
Using the TG100 with a computer that does not have a MIDI interface (TO HOST)
10
Figure 3. Connecting to a computer that does not have a MIDI interface.
Settings
1) For this tutorial, the TG100’s Sound module mode must be General MIDI. If the
first letter of the above LCD is not “G”, the Sound module mode must be set. See
“Selecting the sound. module mode” on page 16 of the Reference Manual.
2) Set the input selector on your amplifier to the input that the TG100 is connected to.
3) Set your MIDI keyboard so that its MIDI transmit channel is “1”.
4) Your MIDI sequencer should be set to “Standard MIDI interface”.
5) To simplify operation, set sequencer tracks 1 to 16 to MIDI channels 1 to 16.
Now, track “1” corresponds to TG100 Part “l”, track “2” to TG100 Part “2”, etc.
6) Select sequencer track “1”.
7) Set your amplifier’s volume control to the position used for normal listening.
8) Turn up the TG100’s “MASTER VOLUME” control while playing your MIDI
keyboard.
If everything is OK, you will be playing, and hearing voice no. 1, Acoustic Grand piano.
If you don’t hear anything, check the following.
Is all your equipment switched on.
Is your MIDI keyboard and sequencer set to the correct MIDI channel.
Is the MIDI sequencer’s “MIDI THRU” option turned on.
Check the audio, and MIDI connections.
Is the TG100’s “HOST SELECT” switch set correctly.
Make sure the TG100’s MASTER VOLUME control is turned up.
Check the settings on your amplifier: input selector, volume, speakers,
headphones, etc.
See “Troubleshooting” on page 63 of the Reference Manual.
Tracks can now be recorded and MIDI Program Change messages can be sent to the
TG100 to select different voices for each of the TG100’s Parts.
11
Editing & Saving Voices
7 Editing & Saving Voices
In this tutorial we will edit a voice, give it a new name and then save it to a MIDI data
recorder.
Important note about editing voices
Only voices in the Internal voice bank can be edited. When the TG100 is switched
on, voices 1...64 from the General MIDI voice bank are copied into the Internal voice
bank. To edit one of the other voices it must first be copied into the Internal voice
bank.
When the TG100 is switched off, edited voices in the Internal Voice Bank will be
lost. If you want to keep the voices that you have edited, they must be saved to a
MIDI data recorder using the TG100’s Dump All function.
Editing the voice
In this tutorial we will change the volume of an element used by voice No. 64,
“Synthbrass 2”.
1) Switch on the TG100 and your other equipment.
2) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the BK position.
3 ) Use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons to select the Internal Voice Bank “I”.
4) Move the cursor to the PC# position, then using the [+1/YES] button, select
voice No. “64 Synbras2”.
5) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the following LCD display is shown.
6) Press the [-l/YES] button to change the value from 50 to 95. You have now
created a new voice, based on the “64 Synbras2 voice.
Giving the edited voice a new name
Now that we have edited the “64 Synbras2 voice, we will give it a new name.
1) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the following LCD display is shown.
Editing & Saving Voices
12
2 ) Use the [CURSOR] button to position the cursor under the character that you
want to change, and the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons to change the character.
Characters that can be used for voice names are shown on page 44, “Naming
voices”, in the Reference Manual
3) We’ve changed the voice name to “SynBras3”, as shown below.
4) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Saving the edited voice
We’ve edited the voice and given it a new name. If we want to keep it we must save
it to an MDR (MIDI data recorder) using the TG100’s Dump All function.
The MIDI data recorder (MDR), could be any one of the following:
1) A MIDI sequencer program that can save and load MIDI Bulk Dump data,
running on a computer.
2) A MIDI librarian program, running on a computer.
3) A dedicated MIDI sequencer (Hardware sequencer) that can save and load
MIDI Bulk Dump data, such as Yamaha’s QX3.
4) A dedicated MIDI data recorder, such as Yamaha’s MDF2.
5) A music synthesizer with an MDR (MIDI Data Recorder) function, such as
Yamaha’s SY99 music synthesizer.
When the TG100’s bulk dump function is used, all 64 voices in the Internal Voice
Bank are transmitted to the awaiting MIDI data recorder.
With the “HOST SELECT” switch set to “MIDI”, Internal Voice Bank data is
transmitted via the “MIDI OUT” connection. With the switch set to “Mac”, “PC-l”,
or “PC-2”, the data is transmitted via the “TO HOST” connection.
Figure 4. MIDI data recorder connection
MIDI
TG100
COMPUTER,
SEQUENCER, MDF2,
SYNTHESIZER WITH
MDR FUNCTION
MIDI OUT
Mac, PC-1, PC-2
TG100
TO HOST
SERIAL PORT
COMPUTER
Mac, PC-1, or PC-2
Before the Internal Voice Bank data can be transmitted, the TG100’s “MIDI
Exclusive on/off parameter must be set to “ON”. With some MIDI data recorders,
you may have to set the TG100 and the MIDI data recorder to the same MIDI device
number. Check your MIDI data recorder’s Operating Manual.
13
Editing & Saving Voices
1)
With the cursor at the leftward position, as below, simultaneously press the
[PART] and [EDIT] buttons.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the following LCD display appears.
3) Press the [+1/YES] button to switch “Exc: on”. Then, press the [CURSOR]
button and use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons to set the “Dev#:” number to
“1” (the Dev number is the MIDI channel number).
4)
Press the [EDIT] button once. The following LCD display will appear.
5)
Press the [+1/YES] button to transmit the Internal Voice Bank data. The
following LCD message will be shown during the transmission.
When the transmission is complete, and the MDR (MIDI data recorder) has received
all the data, the MDR will allow you to save the data for future use.
The Internal Voice bank data can be transmitted back to the TG100 from the MIDI
data recorder. See your MDR’s Operating Manual for details.
You might use a different Internal Voice bank for all your compositions. Each TG100
setup could be saved with the same name as the composition. Then, when you want
to do some more work on a composition, just reload the data that corresponds to that
composition into the TG100, and you’re ready to go.
NOTE: Although you can save the System Mode settings, Multi Common Edit
settings, Sound Module mode setting and Part to Voice assignments as
MIDI Bulk Dump data, they are actually stored by the TG100 when the
power is turned off. For Multi Part Edit, only the selected voice bank,
voice and MONO/POLY mode settings are stored when the power is
turned off.
For details of software, please contact your nearest Yamaha/or the
authorized distributor listed below.
YAMAHA
VM82330 JCAJR2CR35.2ITP
YAMAHA CORPORATION
P.O.Box 1, Hamamatsu, Japan
Printed in Japan
YAMAHA
GENERAL
TONE GENERATOR
REFERENCE MANUAL
FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.)
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements. Modifications not expressly approved by
Yamaha may void your authority, granted by the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s supplied with this product
MUST be used. Follow all installation instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B” digital devices. Compliance
with these requirements Provides a reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a residential environment will not result in harmful interference with other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the instructions found in the
users manual, may cause interference harmful to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur in all installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference. which can be determined by turning the unit “OFF” and “ON”,
please try to eliminate the problem by using one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by the interference
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker of fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type of product. If you can not
locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave,Buena Park, CA 90620
*This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA
CANADA
THIS DIGITAL APPARATUS DOES NOT EXCEED THE
“CLASS B” LIMITS FOR RADIO NOISE EMISSIONS
FROM DIGITAL APPARATUS SET OUT IN THE RADIO
INTERFERENCE REGULATION OF THE CANADIAN
DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS.
This product complies with the radio frequency interference
requirements of the Council Directive 82/499/EEC and/or 87/
308/EEC.
This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA
CANADA MUSIC LTD.
YAMAHA CORPORATION
IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR
THE UNITED KINGDOM
Connecting the Plug and Cord
IMPORTANT: The wires in mains lead are coloured in accordance with
the following code:
Blue
Brown
: NEUTRAL
: LIVE
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this apparatus may not
correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your
plug, proceed as follows:
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal
which is marked with the letter N or colourcd BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the terminal
which is marked with the letter L or coloured RED.
Making sure that neither core is connected to the earth terminal of the
three pin plug.
This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA KEMBLE MUSIC (U.K.)
LTD.
SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (RFI): Your
Yamaha Digital Musical Instrument Product has been type
tested and found to comply with all applicable regulations. However, if it is installed in the immediate
proximity of other electronic devices, some form of interference may occur. For additional RFI information see
FCC Information section located in this manual.
IMPORTANT NOTICE: This product has been tested and
approved by independent safety testing laboratories in
order that you may be sure that when it is properly
installed and used in its normal and customary manner, all
foreseeable risks have been eliminated. DO NOT modify
this unit or commission others to do so unless specifically
authorized by Yamaha. Product performance and/or safety
standards may be diminished. Claims filed under the
expressed warranty may be denied if the unit is/has been
modified. Implied warranties may also be affected.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE: The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at
the time of printing. Yamaha reserves the right to change
or modify specifications at any time without notice or
obligation to update existing units.
NOTICE: Service charges incurred due to a lack of knowledge relating to how a function or effect works (when the
unit is operating as designed), are not covered by the manufacturer’s warranty. Please study this manual carefully
before requesting service.
NAMEPLATE LOCATION: The following graphic indicates the location of the Name Plate on your Yamaha
Digital Musical Instrument. The Model, Serial Number,
Power requirements, etc., are indicated on this plate.
You should note the model, serial number and the date of
purchase in the spaces provided below and retain this
manual as a permanent record of your purchase.
Model
Serial No.
Purchase Date
STATIC ELECTRICITY CAUTION: Some Yamaha
Digital Musical Instrument products have modules that
plug into the unit to perform various functions. The contents of a plug-in module can be altered/damaged by static
electricity discharges. Static electricity build-ups are more
likely to occur during cold winter months (or in areas
with very dry climates) when the natural humidity is low.
To avoid possible damage to the plug-in module, touch any
metal object (a metal desk lamp, a door knob, etc.) before
handling the module. If static electricity is a problem in
your area, you may want to have your carpet treated with a
substance that reduces static electricity build-up. See your
local carpet retailer for professional advice that relates to
your specific situation.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA.
1
Table of Contents
TG100 features
Conventions used in this manual
Cleaning the TG100
Trademarks
1 What is the TG100
Inside the TG100
Menu functions
Sound module modes
Truncation
MIDI
2 Controls & connections
Front panel
Rear panel
3 Play Mode
The LCD
Selecting the sound module mode
2
2
2
2
3
5
6
7
7
8
ll
11
13
15
15
16
4 Selecting instrument voices 18
Voice bank table
19
23
Selecting drum kits (Part 10)
Standard, Room, Power & Electronic drum
25
kit layouts
Standard, Analog, Brush & Orchestra drum
kit layouts
26
27
RX drum kit layout
28
Clavinova & C/M drum kit layouts
5 Multi Common Edit Mode
Selecting the type of reverb
Setting the reverb level
6 Multi Part Edit Mode
Part volume
Part panpot (stereo position)
Part EG attack rate
Part EG release rate
Part reverb send level
Part MIDI receive channel
7 Voice edit mode
Adjusting the volume of voice elements
Detuning voice elements
Panning voice elements
Naming voices
Copying voices
29
29
30
31
31
32
34
35
36
37
39
41
42
43
44
45
8 System Mode Functions
Master tuning
Velocity meter mode setting
MIDI Exclusive on/off, device number
Using MIDI Dump to save data
Initialize All (reset to default settings)
Playing the Demo song
9 Connecting to a computer
MIDI
Mac
PC-1
PC-2
10 Other Functions
Adjusting the LCD contrast
AUDIO IN connection
46
46
47
49
50
51
52
53
53
54
55
55
56
56
56
11 Typical System
Configurations
MIDI keyboard
Computer sequencer
Disk Orchestra system
Sequencer system
57
57
57
57
58
MIDI connection
58
TO HOST connection
59
12 Appendix
Internal voice bank table
TG100 Setup table
Troubleshooting
60
60
62
63
Glossary
64
13 TG100 specifications
Technical specifications
Rack mounting
Host computer connecting cables
66
66
14 Index
68
15 MIDI Data Format
MIDI implementation chart
70
78
66
67
2
TG100 features
AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) sound sampling technology
192 instrument voices
10 drum kits
16 voices can be produced simultaneously
28-note polyphony (Dynamic allocation)
DSP (Digital Signal Processor) for digital reverb effects
Simple editing can be performed on the 64 voices in the Internal voice bank
Host computer connection allows direct connection to a computer, without a
MIDI interface
External sound sources can be mixed with the TG100’s sounds, using the stereo
AUDIO IN facility, which provides an input level control and signal level peak
indicator.
Conforms to the General MIDI system Level 1 standard, allowing playback of
MIDI songs recorded on other equipment
Compatible with Yamaha’s “Disk Orchestra Collection” range of music software
Compatibility with CM-64 software
Comprehensive MIDI implementation for external control via MIDI software
Includes 1 demo song
Conventions used in this manual
To avoid confusion between the minus symbol (-) and a dash (-), the lower and upper
limits of a parameter’s adjustable range are separated by three full stops.
For example, EG Attack rate range -7...+7.
When the TG100’s push-button switches are mentioned, the name of the button is
enclosed in square brackets.
For example, [CURSOR] button.
Cleaning the TG100
If the TG100 should require cleaning use a soft, lightly moistened cloth. Stubborn
marks can be removed using a mild detergent. Do not use abrasive cleaners or solvent
based cleaning fluids, such as alcohol and benzine.
Trademarks
IBM®, PC-AT™ and PS/2™ are trademarks of International business Machines
Corporation.
Apple® and Macintosh™ are trademarks of Apple Computer, Incorporated.
Atari® and ST™ are trademarks of Atari Corporation.
PC-9800™ is a trademark of NEC.
All other trademarks acknowledged.
3
What is the TG100
1 What is the TG100
The TG100 is a 28-note polyphonic AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) tone
generator. It contains 192 instrument voices and 10 drum kits. Up to 16 voices can be
produced simultaneously.
The TG100 is best suited to work with a MIDI sequencer, but it can also be used with
a synthesizer, for voice layering, etc.
To play the TG100 sound module, MIDI data must be input from either a MIDI
keyboard, MIDI sequencer or MIDI data recorder. Data can be input using the
TG100’s MIDI connections or via the “TO HOST” connection, which allows direct
connection to a computer that does not have MIDI inputs and outputs.
If there are any terms that you are not familiar with in the following text, please refer
to the “Glossary” on page 64.
AWM (Advanced Wave Memory)
All the sounds in the TG100 are produced using AWM (Advanced Wave Memory).
AWM is a technique developed by Yamaha for digitally sampling and reproducing
naturally occurring sound.
Elements
Sound samples are stored as elements in the TG100’s internal ROM (Read Only
Memory).
Voices
Elements are used to form the voices, that is Electric Piano, Acoustic Guitar, etc. The
TG100 is a “Multi-Timbral” device, which means that it can produce up to 16
different voices simultaneously. The TG100’s 192 instrument voices are arranged
into three voice banks: G - General MIDI, D - Disk Orchestra and C - C/M.
Parts
Voices are assigned to one of 16 Parts and can be controlled as 16 independent
instruments. Each Part is set to receive controlling data on a different MIDI channel,
that is, controlling data sent from your master keyboard or computer sequencer. Any
number of Parts can be set to receive MIDI data on the same MIDI channel. This
allows you to create complex sounds using a combination of voices, this technique is
known as “Layering”.
The following parameters can be adjusted for each Part; volume, pan position, attack
rate, release rate and the amount of reverb.
Polyphony
The TG100 can play 28 elements simultaneously, which means that it is 28-note
polyphonic.
The 28 available notes are dynamically divided among the 16 Parts. This means that
notes are automatically allocated to Parts as and when required.
What is the TG100
4
Drums
The TG100 contains 10 drum kits. Part 10 is dedicated to drums and has number one
note priority. You cannot select a different type of voice for Part 10, but you can select
any one of 10 drum kits: Standard, Room, Power, Electronic, Analog, Brush,
Orchestral, Clavinova, RX and C/M.
The Clavinova, RX and C/M kits are related to the TG100’s three sound module
modes and basically provide compatibility with songs recorded using Yamaha’s
Clavinova, Yamaha’s Disk Orchestra Collection and semi-compatibility for drum
patterns recorded on Yamaha’s RX range of drum machines and the CM-64. See
“Sound module modes” on page 7 for more information.
Digital Reverb
The TG100 contains a DSP (Digital Signal Processor) that is used to generate eight
different types of reverb effects: Hall 1 & 2, Room 1 & 2, Plate 1 & 2 and Delay 1
& 2. Reverb is the most commonly used effect for recording music, and usually
makes the difference between “lifeless” sounds and the bright, professional sounds
that you hear on record.
Editing voices
The TG100 has 64 (1...64) internal memory locations, which can be used for editing
voices. When the TG100 is first switched on, preset voices 1...64 from the General
MIDI voice bank are automatically copied into these internal memory locations.
Simple editing functions can be performed on these 64 voices, such as, volume,
detuning and pan. If a voice consists of two elements, independent editing of each
element is possible.
To edit the other voices, they must first be copied into one of the 64 internal memory
locations. Once a voice has been edited, a new name can be assigned to it.
The TG100 cannot store edited voices when the power is turned off, so if you want
to keep your edited voices for future use, you must save them to an MDR (MIDI Data
Recorder). This could be a MIDI computer sequencer; a librarian program; a
dedicated MIDI data recorder, such as Yamaha’s MDF2; or a synthesizer with an
MDR function, such as Yamaha’s SY99 music synthesizer.
User setup tables
On page 60 of this manual there is an “Internal voice bank table” where you can keep
details about the voices you have edited.
On page 62 there is a “TG100 Setup table” where you can keep TG100 setup
information, such as multi common edit parameters, system mode parameters and
multi Part edit parameters.
Feel free to photocopy these tables.
5
What is the TG100
Inside the TG100
What is the TG100
Menu functions
This diagram shows how the TG100’s functions are organized.
6
7
What is the TG100
Sound module modes
G - General MIDI Level 1
This is the default (factory) mode. General MIDI Level 1 is a recent addition to the
MIDI standard. It standardizes the assignment of Program Change numbers to
particular voices. For example, if MIDI Program Change number one is sent to a tone
generator that complies with the General MIDI standard, the selected voice will
always be an Acoustic Grand Piano.
The General MIDI standard gives MIDI song files greater compatibility when
transferred between different manufacturers equipment. For example, you could
send a MIDI song file, on a floppy disk, to another member of your band, or a friend.
Even if he doesn’t have the same MIDI instrument as you, so long as it complies with
the General MIDI standard, he will quickly and easily be able to play back the song,
without having to reassign voices, Parts and MIDI channels.
D - Disk Orchestra/Clavinova
The Disk Orchestra Collection is a series of music titles made by Yamaha, which are
available on floppy disk. They cover popular music, classical music and study and
each disk contains 7 or 8 pieces of music. Each song is stored as MIDI data in
Yamaha’s own “ESEQ” file format. These disks can be played using Yamaha’s
DRC-20, DOM-30 or MDF2.
In this mode, the TG100’s Program Change and drum note assignments are set the
same as those used by the Disk Orchestra Collection, allowing quick and easy
playback, without having to reassign voices, Parts and MIDI channels.
C - C/M
This mode is similar in principle to the Disk Orchestra mode and provides
semi-compatibility for songs recorded using a CM-64 sound module.
In this mode, the TG100’s Program Change and drum note assignments are set the
same as those used by the CM-64, allowing quick and easy playback, without having
to reassign voices, Parts and MIDI channels.
NOTE: These sound module modes do not guarantee 100% compatibility for
MIDI data files. Different tone generators use different sound
generation processes. They also use different note priority systems and
have different effects.
Truncation
If all 28 notes are being used simultaneously (sounding at the same time), some sort
of priority system must be used to allow new notes to sound.
The TG100 does this by first giving note priority to Part 10, which is always used for
drums. It does not matter which MIDI channel Part 10 is set to, Part 10 always has
priority. Each drum sound requires one note. For the remaining 15 Parts, priority is
given in ascending order of MIDI receive channel.
For example, all 28 notes are currently being used, then some new MIDI note data is
received. The TG100 will check to see if any notes are being used by the Part
assigned to MIDI channel 16. If yes, the required number of notes from that Part will
stop sounding (be truncated) and the new notes will be heard. If no, the TG100 will
check the Part assigned to MIDI channel 15, then 14 and so on, until all the new notes
are sounding. Remember it doesn’t matter which MIDI channel Part 10, drums, is
assigned to, it will always have priority.
What is the TG100
8
Effectively, priority means the order in which Parts are checked for available notes.
For example, Part 10, drums, always has No. 1 priority, so the TG100 will always
check the other 15 Parts before Part 10.
For most applications, 28 notes will be more than adequate, so you shouldn’t have to
worry about MIDI channel priority and notes being truncated. But, if nearly all 16
Parts are being used and you are using some large sustaining chords, it is a good idea
to assign the more important Parts to the lower MIDI channels and to carefully plan
your composition with regard to which voices sound at the same time.
Typical Part, voice & MIDI channel setup
The table below shows how the Part, voice and MIDI channels might be setup.
The important voices used in this particular composition are assigned to Parts 1 to
10. Part 10, the drum Part, having number one priority.
The “No. of notes used” column shows the maximum number of simultaneously
played notes for each voice, the total being 34. Although we only have 28 notes
available, this will not be a problem because at no point in the composition do we
have more than 20 notes sounding simultaneously. This is where the TG100’s
dynamic note allocation function comes in, allocating notes to Parts as and when
required.
Part
VOICE
MIDI CH
No. of notes used
1
2
Acoustic Piano
1
2
2
4
Electric Bass
6
3
String Ensemble 2
3
4
Electric Guitar (muted)
4
3
5
Alto Sax
5
2
6
Trumpet
Synth Pad1 (new age)
6
7
2
7
8
Synth Drum
8
1
4
9
Castanets
9
10
Room kit
10
1
3
11
Synth Effect FX3 (cystal)
11
1
12
Mallet
12
13
Triangle
13
1
1
14
Woodblock
14
1
15
Agogo
15
1
16
Guitar Fret Noice
16
1
TOTAL 34
MIDI
Control data must be input to the TG100 for it to produce any sound. The format of
this data is called MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface). MIDI is quite a
comprehensive subject, so here we will just look at the basics. A basic understanding
of how MIDI works will help you to get the most out of your TG100. If you want to
know more about MIDI, there are many good books available.
MIDI allows communication between electronic musical instruments. MIDI
connections do not carry audio signals, they carry a digital, computer type signals.
MIDI signals are processed in real-time, which means that when you press a key on
your MIDI keyboard, MIDI data such as the note number and velocity (how hard the
key was pressed) is transmitted to whatever MIDI device is connected via the
keyboards MIDI OUT connection.
9
What is the TG100
Connected MIDI instruments will only respond to the data if they are set to the same
MIDI receive channel as the MIDI keyboards MIDI send channel. There are 16 MIDI
channels.
MIDI data is divided into two types: Channel Messages and System Messages.
Channel messages
Channel Messages are sent on the individual MIDI channels. Only the instruments
that are set to receive MIDI data on that particular MIDI channel will use the data.
Instruments set to a different MIDI receive channel will ignore it. Channel Messages
can be further divided into the following data types.
Voice Messages
These are the simplest type of MIDI messages and basically consist of note-on,
velocity and note-off data. The TG100 recognizes all voice Messages.
Control Change
Control Change Messages consist of modulation, portamento time, volume, pan-pot,
etc., data types. Not all MIDI instruments recognize the same Control Change
Messages. See “MIDI implementation chart” on page 78 for details about which
Control Change Messages the TG100 recognizes. The TG100’s voice banks are
selected using this type of message.
Program Change
Program Change Messages are used to select instrument voices. In the TG100, these
messages are used to select the voice used by each Part and the different drum kits
for Part 10. For example, if the TG100 is set to Disk Orchestra mode and a MIDI song
file from the Disk Orchestra Collection is sent to the TG100 via MIDI, at the
beginning of the song, Program Change messages will be sent to each of the TG100’s
Parts to select the correct voice. For example, a piano voice is selected for the Part
that is receiving piano data, a bass voice for the Part that is receiving bass data, etc.
Pitch Bend
Pitch Bend data is sent when the pitch bend wheel on a MIDI keyboard is used.
Aftertouch
Aftertouch data is sent when you press down harder on a key, or number of keys,
which are currently being held down. This data can control volume, vibrato, LFO,
etc. and allows greater expression of sustaining notes. There are two types of
Aftertouch Messages; Channel and Polyphonic. Channel applies to all notes on the
same MIDI channel and Polyphonic applies to individual notes. The TG100
recognizes only Channel type Aftertouch.
Mode Messages
There are four types of mode messages. These messages determine how a MIDI
instrument responds to MIDI data. With OMNI ON, an instrument will respond to all
the MIDI data on all 16 channels. With OMNI OFF, an instrument will respond to
data on its currently set MIDI receive channel only. “POLY” means polyphonic and
“MONO” means monophonic. The TG100 is set to OMNI OFF, POLY (see “Mode
3 - OMNI OFF, POLY” on page 10).
Mode 1 - OMNI ON, POLY
The MIDI instrument will respond to all channel type messages regardless of the
MIDI channel setting. Mainly used when two, or three synthesizers or tone
generators are being used in unison. This allows new and interesting sounds to be
created by having each synthesizer/tone generator set to a different voice, this
What is the TG100
10
technique is known as “layering”.
Mode 2 - OMNI ON, MONO
The MIDI instrument will respond to all channel type messages regardless of the
MIDI channel setting, but only one note can be played at a time.
Mode 3 - OMNI OFF, POLY
The MIDI instrument will respond to data on its currently set MIDI receive channel
only. Mainly used with MIDI sequencers and multi-timbral type tone generators like
the TG100. The TG100 is always set to Mode 3 - OMNI OFF, POLY and cannot be
changed.
Mode 4 - OMNI OFF, MONO
The MIDI instrument will respond to data on its currently set MIDI receive channel
only, but only one note can be played at a time. Mainly used with MIDI guitars and
MIDI guitar controllers. Each string is assigned to a different MIDI channel and only
one note is sent, per MIDI channel at a time.
System messages
These messages are sent regardless of MIDI channel settings and are used to control
all the MIDI instruments connected in a MIDI system.
System Messages can be timing and control data sent from a MIDI sequencer to a
MIDI drum machine. The sequencer tells the drum machine when to start playing,
when to stop and continuously sends time-clock data so that the drum machine plays
in time with the sequencer.
System Exclusive Messages are System Messages that correspond to individual
manufacturers MIDI equipment. They allow remote editing of synthesizer, or tone
generator voices using voice editing software that is available for most music computers.
Voice settings can be saved to a MIDI sequencer, librarian or MIDI data recorder
using System Exclusive Messages. This is usually known as MIDI Bulk Dump.
The TG100 uses System Exclusive Messages to save (or recall) edited voices to an
MDR (MIDI data recorder). See “Using MIDI Dump to save data” on page 50.
Although not recommended for the beginner, for the expert MIDI user, all the
TG100’s parameters can be controlled via System Exclusive Messages. Many
parameters that are not accessible using the TG100’s control panel, such as element
editing are available. See “MIDI Data Format” on page 70.
MIDI Song files
Until recently, most MIDI sequencers saved songs in different song file formats. So,
transferring songs between sequencers was virtually impossible. The MIDI standard
file format (MIDI SNG FILE) allows MIDI songs to be transferred between different
sequencers. Most of the popular software and hardware based sequencers can now
save and read song files in their own format and the MIDI standard file format. This
makes it very easy to transfer MIDI songs between different manufacturers’
sequencers.
NOTE: The Disk Orchestra Collection song files use Yamaha’s own “ESEQ”
file format.
11
Controls & connections
2 Controls & connections
Front panel
j POWER switch
Used to turn the power on and off. Press once to switch on, press again to switch off.
k LCD
One line, 16 character LCD display.
l [PLAY] button
Selects play mode. If pressed while in any of the edit modes or in system mode, play
mode will be selected.
m [PART] button
Used to select the 16 Parts. Pressed simultaneously with the [EDIT] button engages
system mode.
n [EDIT] button
Used to select one of the three edit modes; Multi Common Edit, Multi Part Edit and
voice Edit. The selected edit mode depends on the LCD cursor position before the
[EDIT] button is pressed.
Controls & connections
o [CURSOR]
12
button
This button is used to move the LCD cursor. Each time it is pressed, the cursor moves
one position to the right. When the cursor is positioned at the rightward side of the
LCD, the next press of the [CURSOR] button will move the cursor to the leftward
side of the LCD.
If the cursor is positioned at the rightward side of the LCD and an
symbol is
shown, then pressing the [CURSOR] button will move to the next menu function. For
example, in voice Edit mode, pressing the [CURSOR] button will change the menu
function from “ELEMENT LEVEL” to “ELEMENT DETUNE”, etc.
If the cursor is positioned at the leftward side of the LCD and an
symbol is
shown, then pressing the [CURSOR] button will move to the previous menu
function.
p [-1/NO] & [+1/YES] buttons
These buttons are used to adjust parameter values. The cursor must be positioned
underneath the parameter value that is to be adjusted. Pressing the [-1/NO] button
decreases the value and pressing the [+1/YES] button increases the value. If you
press and hold down either button, the data value will change quickly.
These keys are also used when the TG100 requires a YES or NO answer from you.
For example, “Demo Play Start ?”. Pressing the [+1/YES] button will start the demo
song playing.
q PEAK indicator
This indicator will light up when the maximum signal level which the TG100 can
accept is applied to the AUDIO IN preamplifier. The INPUT level control should be
adjusted so that this indicator does not light.
r INPUT level control
This control adjusts the amount of signal gain that is applied to the AUDIO IN signal.
It allows you to set the sound balance between the AUDIO IN signal and the TG100’s
sounds.
s AUDIO
IN connector
This is a stereo 3.5mm mini jack. Audio signals connected here are first fed to a
pre-amplifier circuit, the gain of which is controlled by the INPUT level control, then
mixed with the output signal of the TG100 and output to the LINE OUT connectors.
MASTER VOLUME control
This control adjusts the volume level of the signal appearing at the LINE OUT and
PHONES connections (that is, the overall volume level, the TG100 sounds mixed
with the AUDIO IN signal).
PHONES connector
A stereo 3.5mm mini jack, used for connecting headphones. The headphone volume
is adjusted by using the MASTER VOLUME control.
13
Controls & connections
Rear Panel
j
LINE OUT (R, L/MONO) connectors
A pair of 1/4” mono jack sockets. These should be connected to the inputs of a stereo
audio amplifier or an audio mixer. If the audio amplifier you are using is only mono,
use only the L/MONO output.
k DC IN connector
The power supply adaptor (PA-1505) is connected here. Before connecting the
adaptor, make sure it is disconnected from the wall-power (mains) outlet. Always
connect the adaptor to the TG100 and then plug the adaptor into the wall-power
(mains) outlet.
l TO
HOST connector
An 8-PIN mini DIN connector that allows direct connection to a computer that is
running music software. This can be used when your computer does not have MIDI
input and output connections. The TG100 is connected to one of the computer’s
“Serial Ports”. See “Connecting to a computer” on page 53, for full details.
NOTE: Not all music software can use this type of connection, so please consult
your Yamaha dealer before making a purchase.
m HOST
SELECT switch
This switch setting depends on the type of computer being used and how it is
connected. See “Connecting to a computer” on page 53 for full details.
Controls & connections
14
n MIDI THRU
MIDI data appearing at the MIDI IN connection is buffered, then output from the
MIDI THRU connector. That is, all MIDI data appearing at the MIDI IN connector
is output to the MIDI THRU connector unaffected by the TG100.
This allows a “daisy chain” type connection of MIDI equipment. Each connected
MIDI device receives all the data that is being transmitted, but only responds to data
on its selected MIDI channel.
o MIDI OUT
System Exclusive MIDI data is output from this connector. This is normally
connected to the MIDI IN connection of an MDR (MIDI Data Recorder), such as a
MIDI computer sequencer; a librarian program; a dedicated MIDI data recorder, such
as Yamaha’s MDF2; or a synthesizer with an MDR function, such as Yamaha’s SY99
music synthesizer.
p MIDI IN
The TG100 receives MIDI data via this connection. This is normally connected to the
MIDI OUT of a MIDI keyboard, synthesizer, MIDI Sequencer or a MIDI data
recorder.
See “Typical System Configurations” on page 57 for more details about connecting
equipment to the TG100.
NOTE: The operation of both the MIDI IN and MIDI OUT connections varies
depending on the position of the HOST SELECT switch. See
“Connecting to a computer” on page 53 for full details.
q CONTRAST
control
This control adjusts the contrast of the LCD display. This is used to optimize the
readability of the LCD display when it is viewed from different angles (different
heights).
15
Play Mode
3 Play Mode
When the TG100 is turned on for the first time, or after the INITIALIZE ALL
function has been used, the sound module mode is General MIDI. All 16 Parts are
assigned voice No. 1, Piano. The assignment of MIDI channels to the 16 Parts is
shown on page 16.
The LCD
MD - Indicates the current sound module mode.
G - General MIDI
D - Disk Orchestra
C - C/M
CH - Indicates the MIDI receive channel of the currently selected Part.
If a Part’s MIDI receive channel is set to “OFF”, “*” will be shown at the “CH”
position.
When either the Disk Orchestra or C/M sound module mode is selected, the
assignment of the MIDI channels to the 16 Parts will be different. See “Selecting the
sound module mode” on page 16.
BK - Indicates the currently selected voice bank.
In the above example, “G” indicates that the General MIDI voice bank has been
selected. Other available voice banks are, Internal, Disk Orchestra and C/M.
PC# - Indicates the MIDI Program Change number currently assigned to the
selected voice. Remember that the Program Change number currently assigned to a
particular voice will depend on the selected sound module mode.
In the LCD shown above, Grand Piano, which is voice number 1, is currently
assigned to Program Change number “1”. If you look at the “Voice bank table” on
page 19, you will see that this is correct for General MIDI mode.
VOICE NAME
- Shows the name and number of the voice that is assigned to
the currently selected Part.
Play Mode
16
Selecting the sound module mode
Summary:
Select a sound module mode. This affects how the MIDI channels are assigned to the
16 Parts and how MIDI Program Change numbers are assigned to the TG100's
voices.
For a description of each mode, see “Sound module modes” on page 7.
Options:
G - General MIDI
D - Disk Orchestra
C - C/M
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the MD position.
2) Press either the [-1/NO] or [+1/YES] button to select one of the three options.
Details:
When a different sound module mode is selected the following are affected.
1) The assignment of MIDI channel numbers to the 16 Parts.
PART No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
General MIDI
Disk Orchestra
MIDI RECEIVE CHANNEL
C/M
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
OFF
2
3
4
5
10 (DRUMS)
11
12
13
14
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
15
16
15
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
10
OFF
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Once a sound module mode has been selected, the MIDI receive channel assigned to
each Part can be changed, see “Part MIDI receive channel” on page 37.
As well as changing the MIDI receive channel, you can also turn a Part off. As you
can see in the above table, some Parts are turned off when Disk Orchestra mode is
selected.
You may want to turn a TG100 Part off when a different MIDI instrument in your
system is being used to play that particular Part.
You may need to change some of the TG100’s MIDI receive channel assignments if
17
Play Mode
you have other MIDI instruments using those MIDI channels.
It should be remembered however, that the reason for having these different sound
module modes, with their preset MIDI channel assignments, etc., is to provide a
degree of compatibility for MIDI songs, that will allow you to transfer songs between
different MIDI systems. Obviously, the more you change these settings, the less
compatible your MIDI songs will be with other MIDI song file users.
2) The voice bank selected for each part.
When a sound module mode is selected the corresponding voice bank is selected for
all 16 parts.
For example, if Disk Orchestra is selected as the sound module mode, all 16 parts
automatically switch to the Disk Orchestra voice bank.
3) The selected voices for Parts 1 to 9, 11 to 16 and the selected drum kit for Part 10.
PART No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 (DRUMS)
11
12
13
14
15
16
General MIDI
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
Standard kit
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
GrandPno
Disk Orchestra
VOICE
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
Clavinova kit
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
GrndPno2
C/M
GrandPno
SlapBas1
Ensmble1
BrasSect
SprnoSax
Rain
El.Grand
Bottle
Orch Hit
C/M kit
Fretless
AahChor2
GrandPno
DrawOrgn
Mute Gt2
Trumpet
It might seem a little strange to have 15 Parts assigned to the same voice.
Remember that this is only the initial setting, when a MIDI song starts playing
MIDI Program Change Messages are sent to each Part and the correct voice is
selected.
4) The TG100’s pitch bend range.
PITCH BEND
RANGE
General MIDI
Disk Orchestra
C/M
± 2 semitones
± 3 semitones
± 12 semitones
(± 1 octave)
The above table shows how the TG100 responds to pitch bend data in each mode. For
example, with your pitch bend wheel turned fully up, in General MIDI mode the pitch
will increase by 2 semitones. In Disk Orchestra mode, with the pitch bend wheel
turned fully up, the pitch will increase by 3 semitones.
For MIDI experts, the pitch bend range can be changed by sending an RPN
(Registered Parameter Change number) MIDI message. See “RPN (Registered
Parameter Number)” on page 72.
Selecting instrument voices
18
4 Selecting instrument voices
Summary:
Select an instrument voice for Parts 1 to 9 and 11 to 16. See also, “Selecting drum
kits (Part 10)” on page 23.
Options:
For Parts 1 to 9 and 11 to 16, voices can be selected from one of four voice banks:
G - General MIDI (128 voices)
I - Internal (64 voices)
D - Disk Orchestra (72 voices)
C - C/M (128 voices for parts 1 to 9 and 64 voices for parts 11 to 16)
Procedure:
1) Use the [CURSOR] button to position the cursor at the CH position.
2) Use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons to select the required Part.
3) With the required Part selected, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to
the BK position.
4) Press either the [-1/NO] or [+1/YES] button, to select the required voice bank.
5) Now move the cursor to the PC# position, using the [CURSOR] button.
6) Press either the [-1/NO] or [+1/YES] button, to select the required voice. The
Program Change number of the selected voice will be shown at the “PC#”
position on the LCD.
Details:
The voices available from banks “G”, “D” and “C” can be seen in the “Voice bank
table” on page 19.
The C/M voice bank is different for Parts 1 to 9, (with 128 voices) and Parts 11 to
16 (with 64 voices).
The Internal voice bank, “I” which can hold 64 voices, is where your edited voices
are kept. Every time the TG100 is switched on, voices 1...64 from the “G” voice
bank are copied into the internal voice bank. These can then be edited. See “Voice
edit mode” on page 39 for full details about editing voices.
The TG100’s voices are numbered from 1 to 192, but these numbers do not actually
appear on the LCD. The number that identifies each voice is actually the MIDI
Program Change number shown at the PC# position.
The pitch rate scaling (interval between notes) of voices 116...128, excluding
voice 122, is not 100%. In other words, if you play a C Major chord using voice
124, “Bird Tweet”, ‘the intervals between the notes will not be the same as if it
were a Piano voice.
Voice banks can be selected using MIDI Controllers 0 and 32. See “Control
Change” on page 71. If the sound module mode is set to Disk Orchestra or C/M,
voice bank select messages are ignored.
19
Selecting instrument voices
Voice bank table
Voice No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
Voice name
LCD
Piano
Acoustic Grand Piano GrandPno
Bright Acoustic Piano BritePno
Electric Grand Piano
El.Grand
Honky-tonk Piano
HnkyTonk
Electric Piano 1
ElPiano1
Electric Piano 2
ElPiano2
Harpsichord
Harpsich
Clavi.
Clavi.
Chromatic Percussion
Celesta 1
Celesta
Glockenspiel
Glocken
MusicBox
Music Box
Vibraphone
Vibes
Marimba
Marimba
Xylophone
Xylophon
TubulBel
Tubular Bells
Dulcimer
Dulcimer
Organ
Drawbar Organ
DrawOrgn
Percussive Organ
PercOrgn
Rock Organ
RockOrgn
ChrcOrgn
Church Organ
Reed Organ
ReedOrgn
Accordion
Acordion
Harmonica
Harmnica
Tango Accordion
TangoAcd
Guitar
Acoustic Nylon Guitar NylonGtr
Acoustic Steel Guitar SteelGtr
Electric Jazz Guitar
Jazz Gtr
Electric Clean Guitar CleanGtr
Electric muted Guitar Mute Gtr
Overdriven Guitar
Ovrdrive
Distortion Guitar
Distortd
Guitar Harmonics
Harmnics
Bass
Acoustic Bass
WoodBass
Electric Bass fingered FngrBass
Electric Bass picked PickBass
Fretless Bass
Fretless
Slap Bass 1
SlapBas1
SlapBas2
Slap Bass 2
Synth Bass 1
SynBass1
Synth Bass 2
SynBass2
Strings
Violin
Violin
Viola
Viola
Cello
Cello
Contra
Contrabass
TremStrg
Tremolo Strings
Voice bank
Program Change number assignments
Elements
C/M
Disk
General MIDI Orchestra
Parts 1...9 Parts 11...16
52
50
51
1
2
4,5
8
7
15
19
3,6
17,18,19
20,21,22
20
23,24
102
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
29,72
30
1
1
1
1
1
41
42
43
44
45
10,76
25
17
18
77
8
42
25
54
26,73
27,55,70
71
32
1,2,5
6,7
3
4
8,9,10
98,99
105
104
103
9
10,11
12
13,15
14
16
88
38,39,42,43
40,44
60
61
62
63
11,12
65,66
67
68
71,72
69
70
29,31
30,32
29
24
26
28
53
54
55,56
57
Selecting instrument voices
Voice No.
Voice name
LCD
Voice bank
Program Change number assignments
Elements
General MIDI
46
47
48
Pizzicato Strings
Pizzicto
Orchestral Harp
Timpani 1
Harp
Timpani
1
1
1
46
47
Disk
Orchestra
C/M
57
Parts 1...9
52
58
58, 59
48
Parts 11...16
113
Ensemble
49
50
String Ensemble1
Ensmble1
1
49
String Ensemble2
51
52
Synth Strings 1
Synth Strings 2
Ensmble2
SynStrg1
1
2
SynStrg2
2
53
54
Choir Aahs
AahChoir
Voice Oohs
Synth Voice
Orchestral Hit
OohChoir
SynChoir
1
1
50
51
52
53
55
56
Brass
Trumpet
Orch Hit
1
1
75
49
50
51
35
34
31
43,64
54
55
56
123
64
89,90
91,92
49,50,51
Trumpet
1
Trombone
Tuba
Trombone
1
Tuba
1
Muted Trumpet
French Horn
MuteTrum
FrenchHr
1
1
62
Brass Section
BrasSect
62
96,97
63
64
Synth Brass 1
SynBras1
1
2
63
25,27
Synth Brass 2
Reed
SynBras2
2
64
26,28
Soprano Sax
Alto Sax
SprnoSax
1
65
79
55
Alto Sax
TenorSax
1
1
1
66
67
80
56
81
82
57
58
1
1
69
6
1
70
71
72
81
5
1
1
1
73
74
75
75,76
73,74
77
1
2
76
77
2
78
79
78
111
108
57
58
59
60
61
65
66
67
68
Tenor Sax
69
Baritone Sax
Oboe
Oboe
70
71
72
English Horn
Bassoon
Clarinet
EnglHorn
Bassoon
Clarinet
Bari Sax
1
57
58
59
60
61
2
95
41
3
68
93,94
85
86
87
83,84
Pipe
73
74
Piccolo
Flute
75
76
77
Recorder
Pan Flute
Bottle Blow
78
79
Shakuhachi
Whistle
Bottle
Shakhchi
Whistle
80
Ocarina
Ocarina
81
82
Synth Lead
Lead 1 (square)
Lead 2 (saw tooth)
SquareLd
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
Lead 3 (calliope)
Lead 4 (chiff)
Lead 5 (charang)
Lead 6 (voice)
Lead 7 (fifths)
Lead 8 (bass+lead)
Synth Pad
Pad 1 (new age)
Pad 2 (warm)
Pad 3 (polysynth)
Pad 4 (choir)
Piccolo
Flute
Recorder
PanFlute
1
1
109,110
80
Saw Ld
CaliopLd
2
2
2
83
Chiff Ld
CharanLd
2
2
84
85
86
87
81
82
47,48
48
Voice Ld
2
Fifth Ld
Bass &Ld
2
2
NewAgePd
2
89
33
Warm Pd
PolySyPd
Choir Pd
2
2
2
90
91
92
35
88
59
20
Selecting instrument voices
21
Voice No.
Voice name
LCD
Elements
Voice bank
Program Change number assignments
C/M
Disk
General MIDI
Orchestra
Parts 1...9
Parts 11...16
Pad 5 (bowed)
Pad 6 (metallic)
Bowed Pd
Metal Pd
2
93
94
2
94
95
96
Pad 7 (halo)
Pad 8 (sweep)
Halo Pd
Sweep Pd
2
2
95
93
36
96
Synth Effect
97
SFX 1 (rain)
Rain
2
97
42
98
99
SFX 2 (soundtrack)
SFX 3 (crystal)
SoundTrk
2
98
37
Crystal
Atmosphr
Bright
2
2
101
102
SFX 4 (atmosphere)
SFX 5 (brightness)
SFX 6 (goblins)
Goblin
2
99
100
101
102
103
SFX 7 (echoes)
Echoes
104
SFX 8 (sci-fi)
Ethnic
SciFi
2
2
103
104
105
106
Sitar
Banjo
Shamisen
Sitar
1
105
28
Banjo
Shamisen
1
106
107
56
100
107
108
109
110
111
112
Koto
Kalimba
Bag pipe
Fiddle
Koto
Kalimba
2
1
Bagpipe
Fiddle
1
1
2
1
108
109
110
Shanai
1
112
TnklBell
2
1
113
114
113
114
115
Steel Drums
116
Woodblock
Agogo
Stl Drum
WoodBlok
117
118
Taiko Drum
Melodic Tom
TaikoDrm
MelodTom
119
120
Synth Drum
Reverse cymbal
Sound Effects
SynthTom
RevCymbl
121
Guitar Fret Noise
FretNoiz
1
121
122
Breath Noise
Seashore
BrthNoiz
122
Seashore
Bird Tweet
Tweet
Telephone Ring
Helicopter
Applause
Gun Shot
Telphone
Helicptr
Applause
Gunshot
1
2
2
1
123
124
125
126
127
128
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
64
106
111
Shanai
Percussive
Tinkle Bell
Agogo
2
1
38
115
116
117
118
119
59
118
114
116
120
123
124
125
126
127
124
128
Various
130
SynHarmo
SynWarm
131
SynFunny
SynFunny
132
133
SynEcho1
SynOboe
129
SynHarmo
SynWarm
2
2
1
2
2
2
134
SynEcho1
SynOboe
SynEcho2
135
SynSolo
136
137
138
SynReedOrgan
SynBell
.
MalletSy
SynRdOrg
139
140
MalletWind
Sho
MalletWin
2
2
1
2
Sho
1
SynEcho2
SynSolo
SynBell
MalletSy
2
34
39
40
41
43
44
45
46
47
100
101
107
Selecting instrument voices
Voice No.
Voice name
LCD
Elements
Voice bank
Program Change number assignments
General MIDI
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
Breathy
DeepSnare
Syn Tom2
TaikoRim
Cymbal
Castanet
Triangle
Bird
Breathy
DeepSnar
Syn Tom2
TaikoRim
Cymbal
Castanet
Triangle
Bird
Disk
Orchestra
2
1
1
1
C/M
Parts 1...9
112
Parts 11...16
115
117
119
120
1
1
121
122
1
1
125
126
Jam
EffectWater
Jam
EfctWatr
152
EffectJungle
Acoustic Steel guitar 2
EfctJngl
SteelGt2
2
13
153
154
155
Electric muted guitar 2 Mute Gt2
Electric muted guitar 3 Mute Gt3
Slap Bass 3
SlapBas3
2
1
14
156
157
Slap Bass 4
Slap Bass 5
SlapBas4
SlapBas5
2
2
Slap Bass 6
Slap Bass 7
SlapBas6
SlapBas7
19
20
Slap Bass 8
SlapBas8
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
23
25
27
150
151
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
Slap Bass 9
SlapBas9
Electric Bass fingered 2 FngrBas2
Electric Bass picked 2 PickBas2
AahChor2
Choir Aah 2
AahChor3
Choir Aah 3
Choir Aah 4
String Ensemble 3
Percussive Organ 2
Brass section 2
Electric Piano DX
Synth Piano
127
128
15
16
17
2
AahChor4
Ensmble3
2
2
2
PrcOrgn2
BrasSec2
2
2
18,22
21
30
32
33
36,37
41,45,46
54,61,62,63
ElPno DX
1
14
SynPiano
2
53
1
2
16
172
Celesta 2
Celesta2
173
Clavinova tone
Jazz Organ
Clavnova
JazzOrgn
174
175
2
2
2
2
2
69
12,66,83
44
2
11,65
2
2
31
1,61
74
21,67
Combo Organ
CombOrgn
Pipe Organ
Slap Bass 10
Brass section 3
PipeOrgn
SlpBas10
BrasSec3
180
181
182
Pop Brass
Synth Brass 3
PopBrass
SynBras3
2
Saxophone 1
Saxophone 2
Sax 1
Sax 2
2
2
4,68
183
Synth crystal
SynCrstl
2
23
184
185
186
Synth Wood
String Ensemble 4
Synth Strings 3
Syn Wood
Ensmble4
SynStrg3
2
2
45
9,63
187
188
189
Synth Choir 2
Flute 2
Acoustic Grand piano 2
Bright Acoustic piano 2
Timpani 2
Electric bass Heavy
SynChor2
2
2
47
176
177
178
179
190
191
192
Flute 2
GrndPno2
BritePn2
Timpani2
Hvy Bass
1
1
1
1
1
2
78
46
7,62,80
13,49
48
24
79
53
52,60
22
23
Selecting instrument voices
Selecting drum kits (Part 10)
Summary:
Select a drum kit for Part 10.
Options:
PC#No.
KIT NAME
1
Standard
9
Room
17
Power
25
Elctrnic (Electronic)
26
Analog
33
Jazz (same as the standard kit)
41
Brush
49
Orchstra (Orchestra)
126
Clavinov
127
RX
128
C/M
(Clavinova)
Procedure:
1) Use the [CURSOR] button to position the cursor at the CH position.
2) Repeatedly press the [+1/YES] button to select Part 10.
3) Use the [CURSOR] button to position the cursor at the PC# position.
4) Use the [-1/NO] or [+1/YES] buttons, to select one of the drum kits listed above.
Details:
The PC# number is the MIDI Program Change number.
The Standard kit is the main drum kit and the other kits are basically variations of
it. If you look at the drum/keyboard layouts, on the following pages, you will see
that the other drum kits have some different drum sounds. For example, the
“Orchestra Kit” has some tuned timpani and the “Room Kit” has some
“room-sound” tom-toms.
The Jazz kit is the same as the Standard kit.
If the sound module mode is set to Disk Orchestra or C/M, Part 10 drums ignores
Program Change messages.
Selecting instrument voices
24
Clavinova - kit corresponds to the Disk Orchestra Collection.
C/M - provides semi-compatibility for MIDI song files recorded using a CM-64.
RX - kit provides semi-compatibility for MIDI drum patterns recorded on one of
Yamaha’s RX drum machines.
The main difference between these kits is the way that MIDI note numbers are
assigned to each drum sound. Unlike the first 8 drum kits, where the difference is in
the choice of drum sound, in the last three kits the MIDI note assignments are
completely different.
Page 16, “Selecting the sound module mode”, shows which drum kit is selected when
the sound module mode is changed.
Using the drum/keyboard layouts
The following drum/keyboard layouts show the drum sounds that are in each drum
kit and which keyboard note each drum sound is assigned to.
The Jazz kit is the same as the Standard kit, so there is no Jazz kit layout. When the
Jazz kit is selected, please refer to the Standard kit layout.
The Standard kit layout is shown twice, once before the room, Power and Electronic
kits, and also before the Analog, brush and Orchestra kit. This is because drum
sounds that are not changed between the kits remain the same as the Standard kit
layout.
For example, we have selected the “Power kit”. For note “A0 (33)” there is no drum
sound listed. If we look at the ‘Standard kit” we can see that the “Metronome click’
drum sound is assigned to that note.
If we look at note “C1 (36)”, the drum sound is “MONDO kick”. This has replaced
the “Bass Drum 1” that is used by the Standard kit.
The Clavinova, C/M and RX drum/keyboard layouts show which keyboard note each
drum sound is assigned to for the Clavinova, RX and C/M drum kits.
25
Selecting instrument voices
Standard, Room, Power & Electronic drum kit layouts
Selecting instrument voices
Standard, Analog, Brush & Orchestra drum kit layouts
26
27
Selecting instrument voices
RX drum kit layout
Selecting instrument voices
Clavinova & C/M drum kit layouts
28
29
Multi Common Edit Mode
5 Multi Common Edit Mode
Selecting the type of reverb
Summary:
Select the type of reverb effect.
Options:
Hall 1, Hall 2
Room 1, Room 2
Plate 1, Plate 2
Delay 1, Delay 2
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the MD position.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Press either the [-1/NO] or [+1/YES] button, to select the required reverb type.
4) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Details:
If you cannot hear the reverb effect, check the master Reverb Send level setting.
See “Setting the reverb level” on page 30. The amount of reverb effect applied to
each Part can also be adjusted. See “Part reverb send level” on page 36.
The table below provides details about the different reverb types.
Detail
Description
Effect
Reverb
time
(sec)
Left
delay
(ms)
Right
delay
(ms)
Hall 1
Reverb characteristics of a concert hall
Medium size hall
2.4
30
-
Hall 2
As above
Large size hall
3.2
60
-
Room 1
Reverb characteristics of a room
Large room
0.6
8
-
As above
Slightly smaller than
Room 1, but with solid
walls
0.9
12
-
3
16
-
6
20
-
1.2
150
300
2
190
380
Room 2
Plate 1
Reverb characteristics of a steel plate
type reverb unit
Short
Plate 2
As above
Hard
Delay 1
Delay and reverb used in parallel
Stereo delay effect
Delay 2
Delay and reverb used in series, first
delay then reverb
Delay reverb effect
Multi Common Edit Mode
30
Setting the reverb level
Summary:
Set the overall volume level of the reverb effect.
Settings:
-40...+6dB
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the MD position.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Use the [-1/NO] or [+1/YES] button, to adjust the level.
4) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Details:
This setting, affects the overall volume of the reverb effect. The reverb volume for
each Part can be set independently. See “Part reverb send level” on page 36.
To select the reverb type, see “Selecting the type of reverb” on page 29.
The diagram below shows the position of this function in relation to the 16 Parts
and the master volume control. The direct connection from the 16 Parts to the
master volume control, is the unaffected “dry” signal path. At the master volume
control, the unaffected “dry” signal and the reverb signal are mixed together.
31
Multi Part Edit Mode
6 Multi Part Edit Mode
NOTE: Multi Part edit mode settings are not stored when the TG100 is
switched off. If you want to keep the settings they must be saved to an
MDR (MIDI Data Recorder). See “Using MIDI Dump to save data” on
page 50.
Part volume
Summary:
Adjust the volume level of each Part.
Settings:
0....127
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the CH position.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) The number at the leftward side of the display shows the currently selected Part.
Repeatedly press the [PART] key to select the Part whose volume you want to
adjust.
4) Use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons, to adjust the volume level.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Details:
Using this function, you can balance the volume level of the 16 Parts just like a
mixing console.
When a Part’s volume is set to “0”, no sound will be produced by that Part.
The maximum volume level of each Part is affected by the volume level of the
elements used by the voice, which is assigned to the Part. See “Adjusting the
volume of voice elements” on page 41.
MIDI Control change expression data also affects the maximum volume level of
a Part. So if the maximum volume level is not being produced, it could be that
MIDI Control change expression data is being input to the TG100 from your
MIDI master keyboard, synthesizer or MIDI controller.
Remember, an instrument’s volume level is also controlled by MIDI note velocity
data.
Multi Part Edit Mode
32
Part panpot (stereo position)
Summary:
Set the pan position of each Part.
Settings:
L7-L6-L5-L4-L3-L2-L1-0-R1-R2-R3-R4-R5-R6-R7-VOICE
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the CH position.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) The number at the leftward side of the display shows the currently selected Part.
Repeatedly press the [PART] key to select the Part whose volume you want to
adjust.
4) Use the [-1/NO] button to select a leftward setting and the [+1/YES] button to
select a rightward setting.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Details:
This function allows you to position sounds any where between your left and right
speakers, and stereo headphones. It works like the balance control found on most
hi-fi systems. Effectively, the TG100 has 15 balance controls, one for each Part
(Part 10, drums, cannot be panned).
A pan setting of “0” will position the sound centrally between the speakers. A
setting of “L7” will position the sound to the left, a setting of “R7”, to the right.
For a more subtle panning effect, sounds can be positioned at any one of the 15
positions between the left L7 and right R7 positions.
The pan function does not affect Part 10, drums. When Part 10 is selected, the
LCD will show "***".
Many of the drum sounds are already set at various pan positions, try playing the
tom-toms from high to low and see how they sweep from right to left.
NOTE: The pan positions set by this function and those set by the voice edit
mode’s element pan function, are ignored if only the “L/MONO” output
connection is used.
The following diagram shows the pan positions relative to the left and right speakers.
33
Multi Part Edit Mode
The “voice” setting
There is one more setting at the far right, just after setting “R7”. This is called
“voice”. If “voice” is selected, using the [+1/YES] button, the LCD display shown
below appears.
This allows you to use the pan position set by the voice edit mode’s element pan
function, on page 43.
Why use panning
Panning is a very useful function and all stereo recordings use panning to position
sounds between the left and right speakers.
If your composition contains a lot of instruments, or if you have some instruments
playing notes that are close in range, for example, two guitar parts playing similar
riffs. Things might start to sound a bit crowded and some instruments might be heard
only when other instruments have stopped playing.
Using this pan function, you can position instruments between the speakers giving
each instrument its own space.
Studio engineers often compare the process of positioning sounds to that of painting
a picture. With the left speaker being at the left side of the canvas and the right
speaker being at the right side of the canvas. Sounds can then be positioned at the
edges of the canvas or anywhere in-between, effectively building a sound picture.
Multi Part Edit Mode
34
Part EG attack rate
Summary:
Set the attack rate for each Part.
Settings:
-7...+7
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the CH position.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) The number at the leftward side of the display shows the currently selected Part.
Repeatedly press the [PART] key to select the Part whose attack rate you want to
adjust.
4) Press the [-1/NO] button to select minus values and the [+l/YES] button to select
plus values.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Details:
This function allows you to set the speed at which the volume of a Part rises when
a key is pressed.
-7 produces a slow attack.
+7 produces a fast attack.
+0 is the default setting.
Although the attack rate for the TG100’s preset voices has already been set, you
may want to adjust those settings to suit your own taste.
Some of the preset voice’s attack rates are already set to the fastest or slowest
setting. In this case further adjustment is not possible. You can change the value,
but no change will be heard.
This attack rate function does not affect Part 10, drums. When Part 10 is selected,
the LCD will show “***”.
The letters “EG” on the LCD display stand for “Envelope Generator”. Attack rate
is one of the TG100’s internal envelope generator parameters. Release rate is also
a parameter of the envelope generator. See “Part EG release rate” on page 35.
35
Multi Part Edit Mode
Part EG release rate
Summary:
Set the release rate for each Part.
Settings:
-7...+7
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the CH position.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) The number at the leftward side of the display shows the currently selected Part.
Repeatedly press the [PART] button to select the Part whose release rate you want
to adjust.
4) Press the [-1/NO] button to select minus values and the [+1/YES] button to select
plus values.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Details:
This function allows you to set the speed at which the volume of a Part falls when
a key is released.
-7 produces a slow release.
+7 produces a fast release.
+0 is the default settings.
Although the release rate for the TG100’s preset voices has already been set, you
may want to adjust those settings to suit your own taste.
Some of the preset voice’s release rates are already set to the fastest or slowest
setting. In this case further adjustment is not possible. You can change the value,
but no change will be heard.
This release rate function does not affect Part 10, drums. When Part 10 is selected,
the LCD will show “***” .
The letters “EG”, on the LCD display stand for “Envelope generator”. Release
rate is one of the TG100’s internal envelope generator parameters. Attack rate is
also a parameter of the envelope generator. See “Part EG attack rate” on page 34.
Multi Part Edit Mode
36
Part reverb send level
Summary:
Set the reverb send level for each Part.
Settings:
0...8
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the CH position.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) The number at the leftward side of the display shows the currently selected Part.
Repeatedly press the [PART] key to select the Part whose reverb send level you
want to adjust.
4) Use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons, to adjust the level.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Details:
This function allows you to set the amount of reverb effect applied to each Part.
When set to “0”, no reverb is applied to a Part.
The overall volume level of the reverb effect is set independently, so if you set a
Part’s reverb level to 8, but can’t hear any reverb, see “Setting the reverb level” on
page 30.
Using reverb
Reverb is an exciting effect and can really bring sounds to life. However, a common
mistake is to apply it to all instruments in a composition. This leads to a “washy”
sound with little definition between instruments.
Reverb can be used just for effect, to make sounds appear bigger, or to simulate
naturally occurring reverb.
Reverb can also be used to create depth in what is effectively a “one dimensional”
system, that is two speakers on the same axis. As we mentioned earlier, “Part panpot
(stereo position)” on page 32, the area between the left and right speakers can be
thought of as a sound picture. Using reverb we can position sounds in front of and
behind that picture, creating a more realistic “two dimensional” sound.
Basically, a sound with little, or no reverb will appear closer to the listener than a
sound with reverb.
37
Multi Part Edit Mode
Part MIDI receive channel
Summary:
Set the MIDI receive channel for each Part.
Settings:
1...16 - OFF
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to the CH position.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) The number at the leftward side of the display shows the currently selected Part.
Repeatedly press the [PART] key to select the Part whose MIDI receive channel
you want to change.
4) Use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons, to select MIDI receive channel, or off.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Details:
When a Part is set to off, it does not respond to any MIDI channel Messages. See
“Channel messages” on page 9.
On Page 16, “Selecting the sound module mode”, the assignment of MIDI receive
channels to Parts for each of the sound module modes is shown.
The MIDI receive channel affects the way note-priority is given to each Part.
Basically, priority is given in ascending order of MIDI receive channel. See also,
“Truncation” on page 7.
The following two tables, show the relationship between MIDI receive channels
and note allocation priority.
Multipart Edit Mode
38
In the following table, General MIDI sound module mode has been selected. As
you can see, priority is given to Parts by ascending order of MIDI receive channel,
except for Part 10, Drums, which always takes number one priority.
PART No.
MIDI RECEIVE
CHANNEL
PRIORITY
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8
8
9
9
9
10
10 (DRUMS)
11
10
11
1
11
12
12
12
13
14
13
14
13
14
15
15
15
16
16
16
In the following table, all the MIDI receive channel to Part assignments have been
changed. As you can see, priority is still given to Parts by ascending order of
MIDI receive channel, except for Part 10, drums. Although it is set to MIDI
receive channel "15", it still has number one priority.
PART No.
MIDI RECEIVE
CHANNEL
PRIORITY
1
16
16
2
7
8
3
8
9
4
9
5
10
10
11
6
11
12
7
12
13
8
13
14
9
14
15
10 (DRUMS)
11
15
1
1
2
12
2
3
13
3
4
14
4
5
15
5
6
16
6
7
39
Voice edit mode
7 Voice edit mode
Summary:
Edit the one of the 64 voices in the Internal voice bank.
Settings:
Element level (see "Adjusting the volume of voice elements" on page 41).
Element detune (see "Detuning voice elements" on page 42).
Element pan (see "Panning voice elements" on page 43).
Voice name (see "Naming voices" on page 44).
Procedure:
1) In play mode, move the cursor, using the [CURSOR] button, to either the BK or
PC# position.
2) Press the [EDIT] button.
If the currently selected Part is assigned a voice from the Internal voice bank,
voice edit mode will engaged.
If the currently selected Part's voice is not from the Internal voice bank, the Voice
Copy function will appear. This allows you to copy the voice into the Internal
voice bank, where it can then be edited. See "Copying voices" on page 45.
3) Once voice edit mode is entered, repeated pressing of the [EDIT] button allows
you to select the editing functions listed above, under "Settings".
4) Once editing is completed, press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode.
Details:
While in voice edit, the number of the internal voice being edited is shown at the
leftward side of the LCD display, as shown below.
If you edit an internal voice, but then decide you preferred the original, use the
Voice Copy function to copy the original voice bank into the internal voice bank.
While in voice edit mode, the [PART] button cannot be used to select different
Parts. To edit another Part's voice, return to play mode, select the Part, using the
[PART] button, then re-enter voice edit mode.
If you return to voice edit mode from play mode, the edit function that was used
before you returned to play mode will be shown.
Voice edit mode
40
Elements
Some voices consist of two elements, some of one. If a voice consists of two
elements, individual level, detune and pan editing is possible for each element.
When a voice with only one element is selected for editing, the LCD display will
show "***", at the position used by element number two. Also, the [CURSOR] button
will not function.
The "Voice bank table" on page 19 shows which voices consist of two elements.
When the TG100 is switched on
Every time the TG100 is switched on, voices 1...64 from the General MIDI voice
bank are copied into the Internal voice bank. If you want to edit the other voices, use
the "COPY VOICE" function to copy the voice into the Internal voice bank. See
"Copying voices" on page 45.
Storing voices
The TG100 does not contain any internal memory for storing edited voices, so when
the power is turned off your edits will be lost. If you wish to save edited voices, they
must be transferred to an MDR (MIDI Data Recorder). This could be a MIDI
computer sequencer; a librarian program; a dedicated MIDI data recorder, such as
Yamaha's MDF2; or a synthesizer with an MDR function, such as Yamaha's SY99
music synthesizer.
Drums
The drum voices cannot be edited. When Part 10 drums is selected, the [EDIT] button
does not work.
User setup tables
On page 60 of this manual there is an "Internal voice bank table" where you can keep
details about the voices you have edited.
On page 62 there is a "TG100 Setup table" where you can keep TG100 setup
information. Such as, multi common edit parameters, System mode parameters and
multi Part edit parameters.
Feel free to photocopy these tables.
41
Voice edit mode
Adjusting the volume of voice elements
Summary:
Adjust the volume of voice element(s).
Settings:
0...127
Procedure:
1) Enter voice edit mode, as described on page 39.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Use the [CURSOR] button to select the element whose volume level you want to
adjust,"1" or "2"
4) Use the [-1/NO] button to decrease the volume and the [+1/YES] button to
increase the volume.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode, or the [EDIT] button to select
another voice edit function.
Details:
This function allows you to balance the volume between the two elements. As the
volume level of one element is reduced, the tonal characteristics of the voice will
change.
If a voice uses only one element, this function will effectively work as a volume
control.
When an element's volume level is set to "0", no sound is produced by that
element.
The maximum volume level is also affected by the Part volume level setting. So
if both elements are set to 127, but the maximum volume level is not being
produced, check the Part's volume level setting. See "Part volume" on page 31.
MIDI Control change expression data also affects the maximum volume level of
a Part. So if the maximum volume level is not being produced, it could be that
MIDI Control change expression data is being input to the TG100 from your
MIDI master keyboard, synthesizer or MIDI controller.
Voice edit mode
42
Detuning voice elements
Summary:
Detune voice element(s).
Settings:
-32...+32 cents
Procedure:
1) Enter voice edit mode, as described on page 39.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Use the [CURSOR] button to select the element you want to detune, "1" or "2".
4) Use the [-1/NO] button to decrease the value and the [+1/YES] button to increase
the value.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode, or the [EDIT] button to select
another voice edit function.
Details:
By detuning one of the elements, a chorus type effect can be produced.
If a voice uses only one element, you could still detune it a little. The voice will
then be slightly out of tune relative to the rest of the voices. Maybe you want to
simulate that guitarist who is never quite in tune with the rest of the band.
To produce a chorus type effect with voices that use only one element, you could
select the same voice for two Parts. Set the Parts to the same MIDI receive
channel, then detune one of the voice elements of one Part.
43
Voice edit mode
Panning voice elements
Summary:
Set the pan position of an element.
Settings:
L7-L6-L5-L4-L3-L2-L1-0-R1-R2-R3-R4-R5-R6-R7
Procedure:
1) Enter voice edit mode, as described on page 39.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Use the [CURSOR] button to select the element you want to detune, "1" or "2".
4) Use the [-1/NO] button to select a leftward setting and the [+1/YES] button to
select a rightward settings.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode, or the [EDIT] button to select
another voice edit function.
Details:
For more details about panning, see "Part panpot (stereo position)" on page 32.
This function is affected by the setting of a Part's pan position.
When a Part's pan position is set to one of the 15 positions, from L7-0-R7, the
elements pan position settings are ignored.
When a Part's pan position is set to "voice", the Part's pan position setting is
ignored and the element's pan position is used.
NOTE: The pan positions set by this function and those set by the Multi Part
edit mode's pan function, see "Part panpot (stereo position)" on page
32, are ignored if only the "L/MONO" output connection is used
Voice edit mode
44
Naming voices
Summary:
Give a name to a voice that you have edited.
Settings:
Procedure:
1) Enter voice edit mode, as described on page 39.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the name of the voice that you are
currently editing appears on the LCD display. Example below.
3) Use the [CURSOR] button to select the character that you want to change.
4) Use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] button to change the character.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode, or the [EDIT] button to select
another voice edit function.
Details:
Voice names can be up to eight characters long.
When you have edited a voice, it's a good idea to give it a new name, That way
you won't get it confused with the preset voices.
45
Voice edit mode
Copying voices
Summary:
Copy a voice from any voice bank into the Internal voice bank.
Settings:
Voices can be copied into any one of the Internal voice bank's 64 memories.
Procedure:
1) Enter voice edit mode, as described on page 39.
This function appears automatically if the currently selected Part's voices is not
from the Internal voice bank.
2) The LCD display shown below will appear.
3) Use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons to select the destination where you want
to copy the voice to (1...64).
4) Press the [CURSOR] button. The following LCD display will appear.
5) Press the [+1/YES] button to copy the voice, or the [-1/NO] button to cancel the
operation.
Any Parts that were using the voice at the copy destination, will now use the new
voice.
The previous LCD display will be shown.
6) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode, or the [EDIT] button to select
another voice function.
Details:
As well as copying preset voices into the Internal voice bank, you can also copy
voices already in the Internal voice bank to different locations (1...64).
System Mode Functions
46
8 System Mode Functions
Master tuning
Summary:
Set the overall tuning for the TG100.
Settings:
-100...+100 cents (±1 semitone)
Procedure:
1) Simultaneously press the [PART] and [EDIT] buttons.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Use the [-1/NO] button to decrease the value and the [+1/YES] button to increase
the value.
4) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode, or the [EDIT] button to select
another system function.
Details:
This function sets the overall tuning of the TG100, that is all voices.
When individual voice elements are detuned, that detuning is relative to this
master tuning setting.
This function may be used when you are playing with another instrument that is
not tuned to A3 (440Hz).
47
System Mode Functions
Velocity meter mode setting
Summary:
Select the LCD MIDI note velocity meter mode.
Settings:
off-auto-on
Procedure:
1) Simultaneously press the [PART] and [EDIT] buttons.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons to select the mode.
4) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode, or the [EDIT] button to select
another system function.
off mode
The velocity meter does not function.
auto mode
In play mode, if a MIDI note-on message is received, the velocity meter appears.
If no MIDI note-on messages are received for more than 10 seconds the play
mode display appears.
If one of the TG100's front panel buttons is pressed while the velocity meter is
displayed, the play mode display will appear. If after two seconds, a MIDI note-on
message is received, the velocity meter display will appear.
If a Part receives a Program Change message, while the velocity meter is being
shown, the play mode display will appear. Indicating the Part, voice bank,
Program Change number and the voice name. If after two seconds, a MIDI
note-on message is received, the velocity meter display will appear.
on mode
In play mode, the velocity meter is shown.
If one of the TG 100's front panel buttons is pressed while the velocity meter is
displayed, the play mode display will appear. If after two seconds, a MIDI note-on
message is received, the velocity meter display will appear.
If a Part receives a Program Change message, while the velocity meter is being
shown, the play mode display will appear. Indicating the Part, voice bank,
Program Change number and the voice name. If after two seconds, a MIDI
note-on message is received, the velocity meter display will appear.
System Mode Functions
48
Details:
The velocity meter does not show the audio volume level of each Part, it shows
the MIDI note velocity currently being received on each MIDI channel.
If a MIDI receive channel is set to "OFF", velocity information will not be shown
for that MIDI channel.
The velocity meter can also be used for troubleshooting. For example, if a Part is
not producing any sound, but the velocity meter indicates that MIDI note data is
being received, maybe the Parts volume level is turned down.
Typical velocity meter display.
The following diagram shows how MIDI note velocity values between 0 and 127 are
represented on the LCD.
49
System Mode Functions
MIDI Exclusive on/off, device number
Summary:
Turn the MIDI Exclusive function on or off and set the device number.
Settings:
Exclusive-on/off. Device No. 1....16, or all.
Procedure:
1) Simultaneously press the [PART] and [EDIT] buttons.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Use the [CURSOR] button to select either "Exc" or "Dev".
4) Use the [-1/NO] and [+1/YES] buttons to change the settings.
5) Press the [PLAY] button to return to play mode, or the [EDIT] button to select
another system function.
Exclusive on/off
on:
MIDI System Exclusive Messages can be received and sent.
off:
MIDI System Exclusive Messages cannot be received or sent.
Device number
The device number is actually the MIDI channel that will be used for receiving
and sending System Exclusive Messages (MIDI dump).
For correct operation, both the sending and the receiving devices must be set to
the same device number.
If "all" is selected, the TG100 can receive System Exclusive Messages sent on any
MIDI channel (1...16). The TG100 will send System Exclusive Messages on
MIDI channel 1.
Details:
If the Exclusive is set to "off", the next function, "Using MIDI Dump to save data"
on page 50, cannot be used.
The Exclusive is automatically turned "on" when the Sound Module mode is
changed.
System Mode Functions
50
Using MIDI Dump to save data
Summary:
Save the following data to a computer or MDR (MIDI Data Recorder).
System mode settings
Multi Common Edit settings
Multi Part edit mode settings
Drum setup
Internal voice bank data (1...64)
Settings:
Dump All: Yes or No.
Procedure:
1) Simultaneously press the [PART] and [EDIT] buttons.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Press the [+1/YES] button to send all the data listed above as a System Exclusive
(Bulk dump) Message to an awaiting MIDI device.
Or, press the [-1/NO] button to cancel this function and return to play mode.
4) While the TG100 is sending data, the LCD display shows the following message.
5) When data sending is complete, the TG100 returns to play mode.
Details:
• If the Exclusive function is set to off, see "MIDI Exclusive on/off, device number"
on page 49, the "Dump All" function will not appear on the LCD.
• Before using this function, see "MIDI Exclusive on/off, device number" on page
49.
• If the "HOST SELECT" switch is set to "MIDI", the System Exclusive Messages
will be sent via the "MIDI OUT" connector.
• If the "HOST SELECT" switch is set to either "Mac", "PC-1", or "PC-2", the
System Exclusive Messages will be sent via the "TO HOST" connector.
• See "Editing & Saving Voices" on page 11 of the Getting Started Manual for
more details.
51
System Mode Functions
Initialize All (reset to default settings)
Summary:
Reset all internal parameters to the default (factory) settings.
Settings:
Initialize All: Yes or No.
Procedure:
1) Simultaneously press the [PART] and [EDIT] buttons.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Press the [+1/YES] button to reset all internal parameters to the default (factory)
settings.
Or, press the [-1/NO] button to cancel this function and return to play mode.
4) While the TG100 is resetting its parameters, the LCD display shows the following
message.
5) When initialization is complete, the TG100 returns to play mode.
Details:
This function is useful when you want to create a new setup starting with the
default parameter settings.
System Mode Functions 52
Playing the Demo song
Summary:
Play the TG100's internal demonstration song.
Settings:
Start-Stop
Procedure:
1) Simultaneously press the [PART] and [EDIT] buttons.
2) Repeatedly press the [EDIT] button until the LCD display shown below appears.
3) Press the [+1/YES] button to start the demo song playing.
Or, press the [-1/NO] button to cancel this function and return to play mode.
4) While the demo song is playing, the LCD display shows the following message.
5) Press the [-1/NO] button to stop the demo song.
6) Press the [+1/YES] button to start the demo song playing again, or the [PLAY]
button on return to play mode.
Details:
The demo song is stored inside the TG100's internal ROM circuit.
The demo song lets hear the TG100's voices in action.
While the demo song is playing, the MIDI and HOST connections do not
function.
The demo song will stop playing if the HOST SELECT select switch is adjusted.
NOTE: When the demo song is played, some of the TG100's Part and voice
assignments are changed. This means that your original settings will be
lost, unless you have saved them using the MIDI Bulk Dump function.
53
Connecting to a computer
9 Connecting to a computer
The TG100 can be connected to all computers that are used with MIDI music
software.
As well as the standard MIDI IN, OUT and THRU connections, the TG100 also has
a "TO HOST" connection. This allows direct connection to computers that do not
have a built-in MIDI interface and to computers that are not fitted with an optional
MIDI interface card.
The TG100 has four interface modes: MIDI, Mac, PC-1 and PC-2. These are
explained below.
Select the mode that is most appropriate for your computer and music software. If
you are not sure, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
MIDI
This mode is for use with a computer that has a MIDI interface. That is, a computer
with a built-in MIDI interface, such as the Atari ST™ range of computers, an Apple
Macintosh™ computer with an external MIDI interface unit, or a PC-9800 or PC-AT
compatible type computer fitted with an MPU-401, or compatible MIDI interface.
Most MIDI music software can be used with this type of connection.
The "HOST SELECT" switch should be set to MIDI.
The connecting MIDI cable should be of the type described in the "Host computer
connecting cables" on page 67. To use the TG100's bulk dump function, the TG100's
MIDI OUT should be connected to the computers MIDI IN.
The table below explains how the MIDI data signals are handled in MIDI mode.
Connector
Function
No
function.
TO HOST: IN
:OUT No function.
MIDI IN
MIDI data is input and processed.
MIDI OUT
System Exclusive data is output.
MIDI THRU
Data appearing at the MIDI IN port is fed directly to the MIDI THRU port.
Connecting to a computer
54
Mac
This mode is for use with an Apple Macintosh™ computer, which is not connected
to an external MIDI interface unit. The TG100 can be connected directly to one of
the Apple Mac's serial (RS-422) ports.
1) Connect the TG100's "TO HOST" connector to one of the Apple Mac's serial
ports using the "Mac" connecting cable shown on page 67.
2) Switch on your Apple Mac.
3) Switch on the TG100.
4) Set the TG100's "HOST SELECT" switch to Mac.
5) Start your Apple Mac music software.
Your music software will probably require you to specify the type of MIDI interface
you are using. You should specify "Standard MIDI interface", or if it has a "MIDI
Time Piece option", turn it off. If your software also requires you to specify the data
rate, select 1MHz.
If your Apple Mac is not switched on, or your music software is not running, the
message "HOST is Offline !" will appear on the TG100's LCD.
The table below explains how the MIDI data signals are handled in "Mac" mode.
MIDI data is carried to and from the computer using the "TO HOST" connection.
Connector
Function
Details
MIDI data is input, processed, then fed to Synchronized. Data format: 8 bit, 1 stop
bit, no parity. 1MHz clock from TG100 to
the MIDI OUT port.
serial ports' HSKi data pin.
:OUT MIDI data received at the MIDI IN port is When System Exclusive Message is sent,
data from the MIDI IN port is not output.
output.
MIDI IN
MIDI data received is output to the TO
The TG100 does not respond to the MIDI
data appearing at the MIDI IN port, but to
HOST port.
the MIDI data FROM HOST.
MIDI OUT
MIDI data received at the HOST IN port is
output.
MIDI THRU
MIDI data appearing at the MIDI IN port is
fed directly to the MIDI THRU.
TO HOST: IN
55
Connecting to a computer
PC-1
This mode is for use with a PC-9800 type computer. The PC-9800 is a very popular
computer in Japan. The specifications are the same as those for "PC-2", mode except
for the baud rate. See "Technical specifications" on page 66.
PC-2
This mode is for use with an IBM-PC, PC-AT compatible and PS/2 type computer,
which does not have a MIDI interface card installed. The TG100 can be connected
directly to the computers serial (RS-232C) port.
The music software used must be able support the TG100's "TO HOST" connection.
Please consult your Yamaha dealer for more details. If your software does not support
the "TO HOST" connection, the TG100 can still be connected to this type of computer
by installing a MIDI interface card (MPU-401, or compatible) in the computer.
1) Connect the TG100's "TO HOST" connector to one of the PC's serial ports using
the "PC-2" connecting cable shown on page 67.
2) Switch on your PC.
3) Switch on the TG100.
4) Set the TG100's "HOST SELECT" switch to PC-2.
5) Start your PC music software.
If your PC is not switched on, or your music software is not running, the message
"HOST is Offline !" will appear on the TG100's LCD.
The table below explains how the MIDI data signals are handled in PC-2 mode. MIDI
data is carried to and from the computer using the "TO HOST" connection.
Connector
Function
TO HOST: IN
MIDI IN
Details
MIDI data is input, processed, then fed to Synchronized. Data format: 8 bit, 1 stop
the MIDI OUT port.
bit, no parity.
:OUT MIDI data received at the MIDI IN port is When System Exclusive Message is sent,
output.
data from the MIDI IN port is not output.
The TG100 does not respond to the MIDI
MIDI data received is output to the TO
data appearing at the MIDI IN port, but to
HOST port.
the MIDI data FROM HOST.
MIDI OUT
MIDI THRU
MIDI data received at the HOST IN port is
output.
MIDI data appearing at the MIDI IN port is
fed directly to the MIDI THRU.
Other Functions
56
10 Other Functions
Adjusting the LCD contrast
The contrast control, on the TG100's rear panel, should be adjusted so that the
LCD display is easy to read.
When the LCD display is viewed from a different height or angle, the contrast
may need to be adjusted.
AUDIO IN connection
Summary:
This function allows you to mix sounds from another instrument or audio device with
the TG100's sounds.
Procedure:
1) Connect the line output of the other instrument, or audio device to the "AUDIO
IN" connector on the TG100's front panel.
The TG100's AUDIO IN connection is stereo. It uses a 3.5 mm mini jack, so you
might need to buy a connecting cable, or some connector adaptors.
2) Use the "INPUT" level control to set the sound balance between the AUDIO IN
sound and the TG100's sounds. When the control is set to minimum, a small
amount of AUDIO IN sound can still be heard, this is normal.
3) If the "PEAK" indicator lights up, turn down the "INPUT" level control,
otherwise the input signal will be distorted.
Details:
This function is useful if you don't have an audio mixer. Any of the audio devices
listed in the diagram below can be connected.
57
Typical System Configurations
11 Typical System Configurations
MIDI keyboard
MIDI keyboard, this could be a MIDI master keyboard, a synthesizer or any
electronic keyboard instrument that can transmit MIDI data. See "Using the TG100
with a MIDI keyboard" on page 4 of the Getting Started Manual.
Computer sequencer
See "Using the TG100 with a computer that has a MIDI interface" on page 7 and
"Using the TG100 with a computer that has a MIDI interface" on page 7 of the
Getting Started Manual.
Disk Orchestra system
Yamaha's Disk Orchestra Collection can be played using one of the following
Yamaha products:
DRC-20 Disk player
DOM-30 Disk Orchestra Module
MDF2 MIDI data recorder.
The TG100 should be set to "Disk Orchestra mode". This will automatically select
the Clavinova drum kit and the correct voice to Program Change number
assignments.
As well as playing the Disk Orchestra Collection's disks, the DOM-30 works as a
multi-timbral tone generator too. So, you could use some voices from the TG100 and
some from the DOM-30. In this case, the unused Part's MIDI receive channel should
be set to OFF.
The audio output of the DOM-30 could be connected to the TG100's AUDIO IN
facility, allowing you to mix the sound output of both tone generators.
The diagram below shows how a Disk Orchestra system can be setup.
Typical System Configurations
58
Sequencer system
The following system is quite an advanced MIDI music production system. It is
intended to show how your MIDI system can be expanded and the benefits of having
a TG100 tone generator at the heart of your system.
Connecting the TG100 to a computer with a MIDI interface and connecting to a Mac,
PC-1 or PC-2 type computer without a MIDI interface, using the TG100 as the MIDI
interface, is a little different. So, for the sake of clarity the system is shown twice;
first, with a MIDI host connection, second, with the TO HOST connection.
MIDI connection
59
Typical System Configurations
TO HOST connection
As you can see from the above diagram, not only does the TG100 work as a MIDI
interface for the other MIDI devices, it also eliminates the need for a MIDI switcher
box when the bulk dump function is used.
Appendix
12 Appendix
Internal voice bank table
Voice No.
Voice name
PC No.
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
10
11
11
12
12
13
13
14
14
15
15
16
17
16
17
18
18
19
19
20
20
21
21
22
22
23
23
24
24
25
25
26
26
27
27
28
28
29
29
30
30
31
31
32
32
Element 1
LEVEL
DETUNE
Element 2
PAN
LEVEL
DETUNE
PAN
60
61
Appendix
Voice No.
Voice name
PC No.
33
33
34
34
35
35
36
36
37
37
38
38
39
39
40
40
41
41
42
42
43
43
44
44
45
45
46
46
47
47
48
48
49
49
50
50
51
51
52
52
53
53
54
54
55
55
56
56
57
57
58
58
59
59
60
60
61
61
62
62
63
63
64
64
Element 2
Element 1
LEVEL
DETUNE
PAN
LEVEL
DETUNE
PAN
Appendix
TG100 Setup table
Song Title
Setup Title
Date
Multi common Edit parameters
Sound module mode
Reverb type
Reverb send level
System Mode parameters
Master Tune
Velocity Meter Mode
Exclusive on/off
Multi Part Edit parameters
Part
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
MIDI
Channel
No.
Voice
Bank
Program
Change
No.
Voice name
Volume
Panpot
Attack
Release
Reverb
Send
62
63
Appendix
Troubleshooting
Symptom
What to do
Check all your equipment is switched on.
Check the audio connections, including cables.
Make sure the TG100's master volume control is turned up.
Check the settings on your amplifier, or mixer; input select, volume,
No sound
speakers, headphones, etc.
Start the demo song, see page 52. If you still have no sound, the
problem must be somewhere between the TG100's outputs and your
speakers.
Check the MIDI connections.
Make sure your MIDI keyboard's MIDI transmit channel matches
The demo song plays OK, but the that of the TG100 Part you want to play, see page 37.
TG100 does not respond to your
Set the Velocity meter mode to ON, see page 47. This will tell you
MIDI keyboard.
whether or not the TG100 Part is receiving MIDI data.
Make sure that the "HOST SELECT" switch is set correctly.
Make sure the TG100's master volume control is turned up.
Velocity meter is registering
MIDI data, but no sound is heard. Check the Part's volume setting, see page 31.
Check the Part's voice element volume, see page 41.
Check the audio connections, including cables.
Sound is produced from only one Check the Part's pan setting, page 32.
speaker.
If the Part pan is set to "voice", check the voice element pan setting,
page 43.
The voice elements pan position Make sure that the Part's pan setting is "voice", see page 32.
has been edited, but the effect
cannot be heard.
Two or more voices are playing Check the Parts' MIDI channel assignment, see page 37.
the same thing.
The bulk dump function does not Turn the MIDI Exclusive function ON, see page 49.
appear on the LCD.
Check the MIDI connections.
Bulk dump messages cannot be
Make sure that the TG100's device number matches the transmitting
sent or received.
or receiving unit's device number, see page 49.
Check that the overall reverb volume level setting, see page 30.
The reverb effect cannot be
heard.
Check the Part reverb send level, see page 36.
MIDI program change numbers Check the sound module mode, see page 16.
don't select the correct voices.
Check the master tuning, see page 46.
The pitch sounds wrong.
Check the voice element's detuning, see page 42.
Appendix
64
Glossary
Attack rate: The speed at which a sound reaches its maximum initial volume.
AWM: Advanced Wave Memory, a technique developed by Yamaha for digitally
sampling and reproducing naturally occurring sound.
Bulk dump: The transfer of a MIDI instrument's setup data to a music computer or
MDR (MIDI Data Recorder).
Channel messages: MIDI messages that are received and sent on the individual
MIDI channels. Only MIDI instruments set to the same receive channel number as
the transmitting device's transmit channel number will respond to the data. Channel
messages consist of voice, Control Change, Program Change, pitch bend, Aftertouch
and mode data.
C/M: One of the TG100's sound module modes, which provides semi-compatibility
with the CM-64 and associated equipment.
Default: Sometimes know as the "factory" setting. It's the value of a parameter that
is set when the unit is manufactured.
Detune: The detuning of one voice element to produce a chorus type effect.
Disk Orchestra Collection: A series of songs, available on floppy disk, for use
with Yamaha's Clavinova instruments. Each song is stored as MIDI data in Yamaha's
own "ESEQ" file format. Disks can be played using Yamaha's DRC-20, DOM-30 or
MDF2.
DSP: Digital Signal Processor, an IC (Integrated Circuit) designed specifically for
digital audio data processing. The TG100 uses a DSP to create its reverb effects.
Dynamic allocation: The automatic allocation of notes to Parts as and when
required.
Element: A TG100 sound sample. Some voices consist of one element, some of
two.
General MIDI: An addition to the MIDI 1.0 standard that provides greater
compatibility for MIDI song files when they are transferred between different
manufacturers MIDI equipment.
Host connection: For connecting the TG100 directly to a computer, running music
software, that does not have a MIDI interface. Connection is made directly to the
computers' serial port (RS-422, or RS-232).
Internal voice bank: The TG100 voice bank where voices can be edited. It
contains 64 voices.
MDR: MIDI Data Recorder, a device that can record MIDI data. This could be a
MIDI computer sequencer; a librarian program; a dedicated MIDI data recorder, such
as Yamaha's MDF2; or a synthesizer with an MDR function, such as Yamaha's SY99
music synthesizer.
MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface. MIDI allows electronic musical
instruments to communicate with each other.
MIDI Song File: A computer type file, which contains MIDI song data. A lot of
MIDI equipment can use this type of file.
Multi-timbral: The name generally applied to a MIDI instrument that can produce
many different voices (sounds) at the same time.
Music computer: A computer that can use MIDI music software.
65
Appendix
Panning: The positioning of instruments between the left and right speakers to
produce a stereo effect.
Part: The TG100 has 16 Parts. Each Part is assigned a voice and receives MIDI data
on its own channel. The volume, pan position, attack rate, release rate, reverb level
and MIDI receive channel can be independently set for each Part.
Polyphony: The maximum number of notes that can be played simultaneously. The
TG100 is 28-note polyphonic. Sometimes other manufacturers refer to this as the
number of voices that can sound simultaneously (28-voice polyphonic).
Program Change message: A MIDI channel message used to select a different
voice for a Part.
RAM: Random Access Memory, a type of memory IC that contains data which can
be edited, but requires a continuous electrical supply to be able to store the data. The
TG100's internal voice bank is stored in RAM. If you want to keep the internal voice
bank data, it must be saved to a music computer or MDR (MIDI Data Recorder)
before the TG100 is switched off.
ROM: Read Only Memory, a type of memory IC whose data cannot be edited, but
does not need a continuous electrical supply to store data. The TG100's voice
elements are stored in ROM.
RX: The prefix given to Yamaha's drum machines: RX8, RX7, etc. The TG100 has
an RX drum kit that provides semi-compatibilty for drum patterns and drum
sequences recorded on an RX drum machine.
Release rate: The speed at which a sound decreases to zero volume.
Serial Port: A computer connection that can receive and transmit digital data
serially (RS-232C or RS-422).
Sound module mode: The TG100 has three sound module modes: General MIDI,
Disk Orchestra Collection and C/M. Each mode uses the same voices, but the
Program Change number assignments are different.
System Exclusive messages: A type of MIDI message sent exclusively to an
individual MIDI device. These messages contain information such as manufacturer
and product type. Bulk dump messages are a type of System Exclusive message.
System messages: MIDI messages that are received from and sent to MIDI devices
regardless of MIDI channel assignments. System messages consist of time
information, for synchronizing MIDI devices; start, stop commands, for drum
machines and sequencers and System Exclusive messages.
Split point: A position on a keyboard where notes either side of the split point can
play a different voice and transmit MIDI data on different channels. Some MIDI
keyboards allow 2, 3 or 4 split points.
Techno-fear: A human phobia brought on when confronted by a complex,
technical piece of equipment. Not associated with Yamaha equipment.
Timbre: The characteristics of a voice that differentiates it from other voices.
Truncation: When notes are cut off to allow new notes to sound. Used if all the
TG100's 28 notes are sounding simultaneously.
Voice: The TG100 contains 192 instrument voices. Some manufacturers refer to
these as sounds.
Voice bank: The TG100's 192 instrument voices are arranged into four voice banks:
General MIDI, Disk Orchestra and C/M. Sixty four editable voices are held in the
internal voice bank.
TG100 specifications
66
13 TG100 specifications
Technical specifications
Internal ROM voices
Internal RAM voices
Polyphony
Multi-timbral
Sound sampling
Reverb effect
Sound module mode
Demo song
Controls
Buttons
Indicators
LCD display
Audio connections
LINE OUT
AUDIO IN
PHONES
MIDI connections
TO HOST
Host computer selection
and data transfer rate
Power supply voltage
DC IN connection
Dimensions
Weight
Supplied accessories
Optional accessories
192 instrument voices and 10 drum kits
64 Internal voice
28-note (Dynamically allocated)
16 voices simultaneous (voices assigned to 16 Parts)
AWM (Advanced Wave Memory)
Yamaha custom DSP (Digital Signal Processor)
General MIDI LEVEL1
Disk Orchestra (Yamaha)
C/M (CM-64 semi-compatible)
1 (not editable, stored in ROM)
MASTER VOLUME, INPUT, CONTRAST
PLAY, PART, EDIT, CURSOR, -1/NO, +1/YES
PEAK
1-line 16-character
1/4" (6.35mm) mono jack socket x2
3.5mm stereo mini jack x1
3.5mm stereo mini jack x1
IN, OUT THRU (5-PIN DIN socket)
8-PIN mini DIN socket
MIDI - 31,250 bps (bits per second)
Mac - 31,250 bps
PC-1-31,250 bps
PC-2 - 38,400 bps
15V, 500mA
2.1mm mini power type (for use with PA-1505 adaptor)
220 x 196.5 x 40.6 mm (8.6" x 7.7" x 1.6") W x D x H
1.0kg
PA-1505 power supply adaptor
RK101 19" rack mounting adaptor
Rack mounting
The TG100 can be rack-mounted using one of the "half-rack-size" adaptors that are
available (i.e. Yamaha RK101). The TG100 is supplied with two screws for fixing it
to an adaptor. Use either these screws, or the screws supplied with the adaptor.
Screws must be M3 x 8mm.
67
TG100 specifications
Host computer connecting cables
MIDI
Standard MIDI cable. Maximum length 15 metres.
Mac
Apple Macintosh Peripheral cable "M0197).
PC-1
8-PIN MINI DIN to D-SUB 25-PIN cable. If your PC-1 type computer has a 9-PIN
serial port, use the PC-2 type cable.
PC-2
8-PIN MINI DIN to D-SUB 9-PIN cable.
68
14 Index
A
Appendix 60
Apple Mac computer, connecting 54
Audio in
connector 12
input level, setting 56
peak indicator 56
using 56
AWM, what is it 3
B
BK, on the LCD 15
C
C - C/M voice bank
explained 18
Parts 1...9 19
Parts 11... 16 19
voice table 19
C/M mode
a summary 7
C/M drum kit 24
default voice/Part assignment 17
how it works 16
MIDI channel/Pan assignment 16
pitch bend range 17
selecting 16
Cables, computer connection 67
CH, on the LCD 15
Channel messages, MIDI 71
Clavinova
drum kit 24
See "Disk Orchestra mode"
Cleaning the TG100 2
CM-64 7
Computer connecting cables 67
Computer sequencer, connecting to 57
Computer, connecting 53
Apple Mac 54
MIDI computer 53
PC-9800 55
PC-AT compatible 55
PS/2 55
Connecting to a computer 53
Connecting to:
computer with a MIDI interface
(Getting Started Manual) 7
computer without a MIDI interface
(Getting Started Manual) 7
MIDI keyboard (Getting Started
Manual) 4
synthesizer (Getting Started Manual) 4
Contrast control 14
Controls & connections
(Getting Started Manual) 3
this manual 11
Copying voices, how to 45
Cursor button 12
F
Features of the TG100 2
Front panel, an explanation 11
D
D - Disk Orchestra voice bank
explained 18
voice table 19
DC IN connection 13
Demo song, playing 52
Detuning voice elements 42
Device number setting 49
Digital Reverb
a summary 4
See also "Reverb"
Disk Orchestra mode
a summary 7
default voice/Part assignment 17
how it works 16
MIDI channel/Part assignment 16
pitch bend range 17
selecting 16
Disk Orchestra system 57
Drums
a summary 4
Analog, Brush & Orchestra kit layouts
26
C/M kit layout 28
clavinova kit layout 28
Program Change numbers 23
RX kit layout 27
selecting 23
Standard, Room, Power & Electronic
kit layouts 25
DSP, what is it 4
Dump all, saving data 50
Dynamic note allocation 3
E
Edit button 11
Editing voices
See "Voice Edit Mode"
a summary 4
a tutorial (Getting Started Manual) 11
how to 39
naming 44
saving data 50
Effects
See "Reverb"
EG attack rate, Part setting 34
EG release rate, Part setting 35
Elements
detuning 42
editing 40
pan position, setting 43
volume, setting 41
what are they 3
Exclusive on/off, setting 49
G
G - General MIDI voice bank
explained 18
voice table 19
General MIDI mode
a summary 7
default voice/Part assignment 17
how it works 16
MIDI channel/Part assignment 16
pitch bend range 17
selecting 16
Glossary 64
H
Headphone connection 12
Host computer connecting cables 67
Host computer, connecting 53
Host select switch 13
I
I - Internal voice bank
explained 18
voice table 60
IN connection 14
Initializing default settings 51
Input level control 12
Inside the TG100 5
Installation (Getting Started Manual) 2
Instrument voices
See "Voices"
L
LCD display 11
contrast, adjusting 56
MIDI messages 74
voice name table 19
what does it display 15
Line out connection 13
M
Mac computer, connecting 54
Manuals
conventions 2
explained (Getting Started Manual) 2
Master tuning 46
Master volume control 12
MD, on the LCD 15
MDF2, saving data (Getting Started Manual)
12
MDR
saving data 50
saving data (Getting Started Manual)
12
69
Index
Menu function diagram 6
MIDI
an explanation 8
channel messages 71
channel, Part setting 37
computer connection 53
connectors 14
data format 70
data saving 50
device number, setting 49
exclusive on/off, setting 49
implementation chart 78
IN, OUT & THRU 14
LCD messages 74
Program Change number to voice
assignment table 19
song files 10
System Exclusive data 72
MIDI keyboard system 57
(Getting Started Manual) 4
Multi Common Edit Mode 29
selecting reverb type 29
setting reverb level 30
Multi Part Edit Mode 31
EG attack rate, setting 34
EG release rate, setting 35
MIDI receive channel, setting 37
panpot position, setting 32
reverb level, setting 36
volume setting 31
Multi-timbral, what is it 3
N
Naming edited voices 44
O
OUT connection 14
P
Pan
element, setting 43
Part, setting 32
Parameter buttons
+1/YES button 12
-1/NO button 12
Part 10
See "Drums"
Part button 11
Parts
EG attack rate, setting 34
EG release rate, setting 35
MIDI receive channel, setting 37
panpot position, setting 32
reverb level, setting 36
selecting 18
volume, setting 31
what are they 3
PC#, on the LCD 15
PC-1, computer type 55
PC-2 computer, connecting 55
PC-9800 computer, connecting 55
PC-AT computer, connecting 55
Peak indicator 12
using 56
Phones connector 12
Pitch bend
range 17
range change via MIDI 17
Pitch rate scaling 18
Play button 11
Play Mode 15
Polyphony, what is it 3
Power supply connection 13
Power switch 11
Priority, note allocation 37
Program Change number to voice
assignments 19
PS/2 computer, connecting 55
master tuning 46
MIDI exclusive on/off 49
saving data 50
velocity meter, setting 47
T
TG100
internal block diagram 5
menu functions 6
what is it 3
THRU connection 14
To host connector 13
Troubleshooting 63
Truncation
how it works 7
MIDI channel priority 37
Tuning 46
U
Q
QX3, saving data (Getting Started Manual)
12
Unpacking (Getting Started Manual) 2
User setup tables 62
V
R
Rack mounting 66
Rear panel, an explanation 13
Reverb
characteristics 29
level, setting 30
options 29
Part level, setting 36
selecting the type 29
using 36
RX drum kit 24
S
Safety (Getting Started Manual) 1
Saving data 50
See also (Getting Started Manual) 12
Sequencer systems 58
MIDI connection 58
To host connection 59
Setup tables 62
Sound module mode
selecting 16
Specifications 66
Storing data 50
SY99, saving data (Getting Started Manual)
12
Synthesizer, connecting to (Getting Started
Manual) 4
System Configurations 57
System Exclusive messages 72
System mode functions
46
demo song, playing 52
device number, setting 49
initialize all, using 51
Velocity meter, setting 47
Voice bank
selecting via MIDI 18
table 19
Voice Edit Mode 39
element detuning 42
element level, setting 41
pan position, setting 43
selecting a voice to edit 39
voice naming 44
VOICE NAME, on the LCD 15
Voices
copying 45
internal voice bank table 60
naming edited voices 44
Program Change numbers 19
saving data 50
See "Voice Edit Mode"
See also (Getting Started Manual) 11
selecting 18
voice bank table 19
what are they 3
Volume
audio in, setting 56
element, setting 41
master volume 12
Part, setting 31
W
Warnings (Getting Started Manual) 1
Welcome (Getting Started Manual) 1
MIDI Data Format
15 MIDI Data Format
1. GENERAL
1.1 Application
The following MIDI data and specifications apply to the TG100.
1.2 Applied standards
MIDI 1.0 standard.
2. MIDI receive & send diagrams
MIDI receive conditions (1 of 2)
MIDI receive conditions (2 of 2)
70
71
MIDI Data Format
MIDI send conditions (1 of 2)
Used to select parameter value specified by, "3.2.7RPN (Registered
Parameter Number)" on page 72.
2 Portamento work as follows:
When a key of a higher pitch than the currently held key is played the
pitch sweeps up from a value 100 cents below the key's pitch.
When a key of a lower pitch than the currently held key is played the
pitch sweeps down from a value 100 cents above the key's pitch.
3 Used to select the unit's voice banks shown below.
1
Bank Name
MSB
LSB
0...63
0
64...111
0
INTERNAL
112...126
0
DISK ORCHESTRA
127
0
C/M (CM-64)
General MIDI
If a Program Change Message is received immediately after a Bank Select
Message has been received, the Program Change number will correspond to
the selected voice bank.
When a Part's PANPOT setting is VOICE, the pan position is adjusted
relative to the pan position of the elements used by the voice.
When a Part's PANPOT position is not set to VOICE, the elements pan
position is ignored and complete adjustment of pan position is possible.
3.2.3 Program Change
You can select one of two Program Change receive modes.
4
1) off: Ignore Program Changes.
2) on: respond to Program Changers.
In Disk Orchestra mode, if a Program Change number that is not assigned to
a voice is received, it is ignored.
In Disk Orchestra, and C/M modes, Program Change numbers are ignored by
the drum Pan 10.
3.2.4 Pitch Bend
3. Channel Messages
3.1 Send
Channel Messages not sent.
When the Host Select switch is set to anything other than "MIDI", MIDI data
is echoed back as follows.
HOST IN MIDI OUT
Responds to 14-bit pitch bend data (-8192...+8191).
3.2.5 Channel Pressure
3.2.6 Channel mode Message
The following Channel Mode messages can be received.
2nd byte
3rd byte
120
0
3.2.1 Note on/off
121
0
123
0
Note range = C-2...G8 8
124
0
Velocity range 1...127 (only applies to note-on)
125
0
Omni Off
Omni On
126
0...16
Mono
127
0
Poly
MIDI IN
HOST OUT
3.2 Receive
3.2.2 Control Change
The following parameters can be controlled using MIDI Control Change
messages.
CntrlNo.
Parameter
All Sound Off
Reset All Controller
All Note Off
3.2.6.1 All Sound Off
Any sound being produced is stopped. However, parts that are receiving
Channel Messages such as Note-on, Hold-on etc., will continue.
Data range
0
Bank Select MSB
0...127
*3
32
Bank Select LSB
0...127
*3
1
Modulation
0...127
5
Portamento Time
0...127
6
Data Entry MSB
0...127
*1
38
Data Entry LSB
0...127
*1
7
Main Volume
0...127
10
Panpot
0...127
11
Expression
0...127
64
Hold1
0...127
65
Portamento
0...127
91
Reverb Depth
0...127
*4
*2
MIDI Data Format
3.2.6.2 Reset All Controllers
Controllers are set to the following values.
72
4. System Exclusive Message
4.1 Parameter Change
Controller
Reset Value
Pitch Bend
±0 (neutral)
Channel Pressure
0 (off)
Modulation
Expression
127 (maximum)
Hold1
0 (off)
Processing is the same as that for "All Note Off".
The unit works with the following parameter changes.
1) System Data Parameter Change
2) Multi Common Data parameter change
3) Multi Part Data parameter change
4) Internal Voice Memory parameter change
5) Drums Setup Data parameter change
6) Preset Voice Memory parameter change
7) Program Change Table parameter change
8) System Information
9) All Parameter Reset
10) TG100 Switch remote
11) General MIDI Mode On
13) MIDI Master Volume
13) Disk Music On
Parameter change transmission is switched off only when Exclusive is set to
off.
3.2.6.6 Mono
The parameter change format is as follows
Processing is the same as that For "All Note Off". If the 3rd byte (Mono value)
is between 0...16, the relevant Part is set to Mode 4 (m=1).
11110000
01000011
0001nnnn
00100111
0aaaaaaa
0aaaaaaa
0aaaaaaa
0ddddddd
F0
43
nnnn
27
aaaaaaa
aaaaaaa
aaaaaaa
ddddddd
0ccccccc
11110111
ccccccc = Check-sum
= End of exclusive
F7
0 (off)
Portamento
0 (off)
RPN
Not set. Internal data does not change.
3.2.6.3 All Note Off
All Notes currently on will be turned off. However, if Hold 1 is on, sound
generation will not stop until Hold 1 stops.
3.2.6.4 Omni Off
Processing is the same as that for "All Note Off".
3.2.6.5 Omni On
3.2.6.7 Poly
Processing is the same as that for "All Note Off". The relevant Part will be set
to Mode 3.
3.2.7 RPN (Registered Parameter Number)
Select the control parameter, giving RPN MSB and RPM LSB, then put the
parameter value in the Data Entry.
The unit responds to the following RPN.
RPN
MSB LSB
Data Entry
MSB LSB
S00 S00
$mm---
Pitch bend sensitivity mm: $00...$18
(0...24 semitones).
---:don't care.
A range of 2 octaves can be selected.
At switch on range is set to 2 semitones.
S00 S01
$mm$ll
Master fine tuning
(mm, ll): ($00, $00)...($40, 400)...($7F, $7F)
(-8192 x 100/8192...0...+8191 x 100/8192 cents)
S00 S02
$mm---
Master course tuning
mm: $28...$40...$58
(-24...0...+24 semitones)
---: don't care
S7F S7F
--- ---
RPN reset
---:don'tcare
RPN Not set. Internal data does not change
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
Exclusive status
YAMAHA ID
Device number
Model ID
Start Address b20 - b14
Start Address b13 - b7
Start Address b6 - b0
Data
Data is correctly processed if the Dump request receive address corresponds
with the Start Address and the Dump Request's byte count is correct.
For the Start Address and byte count, see the tables on page 6 to page 8.
The sending device must add the header to each parameter. For example, when
sending System and Multi parameters with only one header, the receiver can
only identify System parameters. Therefore, the sending device must not skip
these characters.
System
Multi
Internal voice
Drums Part
All parameters reset
Do not send more than 256 bytes in one transmission.
If you have a Dump request of more than 256 bytes, split It into sections, then
transmit them at 30ms intervals.
The check sum's lowest 7-bit value is zero after adding the Start Address, Data
and check sum.
While sending the data, the "HOST" in echo back does not function
4.1.1 System Data Parameter Change
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 6 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (System)" on page 6.
4.1.2 Multi Common Data parameter change
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 6 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (MULTI common)" on page 6.
73
MIDI Data Format
4.1.3 Multi Part Data paramater change
The following data is received even if the Exclusive is turned off.
The actual address value = the start address + the offset address.
Data
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (MULTI Part)" on page 75.
4.1.4
Drums Setup Data parameter change
The actual address value = the address at the top of each block + the offset
address.
If a different Drum kit is selected, the Drum Setup parameters are initialized.
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (Drums Setup)" on page 76.
4.1.5 Internal Voice Memory parameter change
The actual address value = the address at the top of each block + the offset
address.
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (VOICE Memory)" on page 76.
4.1.6 Preset Voice Memory parameter change
This data can be sent, but it is ignored if received.
The actual address value = the address at the top of each block + the offset
address.
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (VOICE Memory)" on page 76.
4.1.7 Program Change Table parameter change
This data can be sent, but it is ignored if received.
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (Program change table)" on page 77.
4.1.8 System Information parameter change
This data can be sent, but it is ignored if received.
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (System information)" on page 77.
4.1.9 All Parameters Reset
11110000
F0
= Exclusive status
= YAMAHA 10
43
01000011
nnnn
= Device Number
0001nnnn
27
= Model ID
00100111
= Start Address b20 - b14
00110000
30
= Start Address b13 - b7
00111001
35
06
= Start Address b6 - b0
00000100
= Data
00000000
00
= Check-sum
00010011
15
F7
= End of exclusive
11110111
Reset the system. All internal parameters are reset to the default (factory)
settings.
4.1.10 TG100 Switch remote
= Exclusive status
11110000
F0
= YAMAHA ID
01000011
43
xxxx
= don't care
0001xxxx
= Switch remote ID
00011011
1B
01111111
7F
= Switch remote sub ID
0ddddddd
ddddddd = Data
F7
= End of exclusive
11110111
The LCD screen will show the same as when the power is turned on.
Switch
0
PLAY
1
PART
2
EDIT
3
CURSOR
4
-1/NO
5
+1/YES
4.1.11 General MIDI Mode On
11110000
01111110
01111111
00001001
F0
7E
7F
09
00000001
11110111
01
F7
= Exclusive status
= Universal Non-Real time
= ID of target device
= Sub-ID No.1=General MIDI
Message
= Sub-ID No.2=General MIDI On
= End of exclusive
OR:
= Exclusive status
= Universal Non-Real time
= Device Number, xxx=don't care
= Sub-ID No.1=General MIDI
Message
= Sub-ID No.2=General MIDI On
00000001
01
F7
= End of exclusive
11110111
The Sound Module mode changes to General MIDI mode when the ON data
is received.
11110000
0 1 1 1 1 1 10
0xxxnnnn
00001001
F0
7E
nnnn
09
The above data is received even if the Exclusive is set to off.
4.1.12 MIDI Master Volume
11110000
01111111
01111111
00000100
F0
7F
7F
04
00000001
01111111
0mmmmmmm
11110111
01
11
mm
F7
= Exclusive status
= Universal Real time
= ID of target device
= Sub-ID No.1=Device Control
Message
= Sub-ID No.2=Master Volume
= Volume LSB
= Volume MSB
= End of exclusive
OR:
= Exclusive status
= Universal Real time
= Device Number, xxx=don't care
= Sub-ID No.1=Device Control
Message
= Sub-ID No.2=Master Volume
00000001
01
11
= Volume LSB
01111111
= Volume MSB
mm
0mmmmmmm
= End of exclusive
F7
11110111
When the "Volume MSB" is received, the Master Volume is set.
11110000
01111111
0xxxnnnn
00000100
F0
7F
nnnn
04
The above data is received even if the Exclusive is set to off.
4.1.13 Disk Music On
11110000
01000011
01110011
F0
43
73
= Exclusive status
= YAMAHA ID
= Instrument Classified
(CLAVINOVA)
00000001
01
= Disk Music On
00010100
14
F7
= End of exclusive
11110111
The Sound Module mode changes to Disk Orchestra when the ON data is
received.
The above data is received even if the Exclusive is set to off.
MIDI Data Format
74
4.2 Dump request
4.2.3 Multi Part Data parameter change
The following Dump requests can be carried out.
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (MULTI Part)" on page 75
4.2.4 Drums Setup Data parameter change
1) System Data
2) Multi Common Data
3) Internal Voice Memory
4) Preset Voice Memory
5) Program Change Table
Dump request can only be switched off by setting Exclusive to off.
This unit cannot make Dump requests.
Dump requests to this unit should be as follows.
11110000
F0
= Exclusive status
= YAMAHA ID
01000011
43
= Device Number
0010nnnn
nnnn
= Format number
01111010
7A
01001100
= "L"
4C
01001100
4D
= "M"
00100000
20
= " "
= " "
00100000
20
= "0"
00110000
30
= "0"
00110000
30
= "6"
00110110
36
= "8"
00110110
38
= "R"
01010010
52
= "Q"
01010001
51
0aaaaaaa
aaaaaaa = Start Address b20 - b14
0aaaaaaa
aaaaaaa = Start Address b13 - b7
0aaaaaaa
aaaaaaa = Start Address b6 - b0
0sssssss
sssssss = Byte Count b20 - b14
0sssssss
sssssss = Byte Count b13 - b7
0sssssss
sssssss = Byte Count b6 - b0
00000000
00
00000000
00
00000000
00
00000000
00
00000000
00
00000000
00
00000000
00
00000000
00
00
00000000
0ccccccc
ccccccc = Check-sum
11110111
F7
= End of exclusive
Data is correctly processed if the Dump request receive address corresponds
with the Start Address and the Dump Requests' byte count is correct
For the Start Address and byte count, see the tables on page 75 to page 77.
The check sum's lowest7-bit value is zero after adding the Start Address, Data
and check sum.
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (Drums Setup)" on page 76.
4.2.5 Internal Voice Memory parameter change
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (VOICE Memory)" on page 76.
4.2.6 Preset Voice Memory parameter change
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (Program change table)" on page 77.
4.2.7. Program Change table parameter change
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75.
4.2.8 System Information parameter change
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (System information)" on page 77.
5. Status FE (active sensing)
A) Sending
Not sent.
B) receiving
After receiving one FE message, if no MIDI data is received for more than
300msec, the unit will activate ALL SOUND OFF, ALL NOTE OFF and
RESET ALL CONTROLLERS, as if no FE message had been received.
6. MIDI LCD messages
While exclusive data is being received, there are no messages on the LCD
display.
If an error occurs, such as a check sum error, me following message appears,
transmission stops, then the previous LCD display appears.
Disconnect the line, and the previously displayed message will appear.
If the device numbers don't match, or the Exclusive is set to off, data is ignored
and no message is displayed.
While exclusive data is being transmitted, the following LCD display is
shown.
Dump request, the sending device must add the header to each parameter.
For example, when a request for System and Multi parameters is sent with
only one header, the unit will send back only the System parameters.
System
Multi common
Multi Part
Internal voice
Drums Part
All parameters reset
4.2.1 System Data parameter change
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (System)" on page 75.
4.2.2 Multi Common Data parameter change
Refer to "Parameter base address" on page 75 and "MIDI Parameter Change
table (MULTI common)" on page 75.
If many MIDI messages are received in too short a time, the following
message appears for a few seconds, receiving is stopped, then the previously
displayed message appears.
When Program Change messages are received in play mode, the Part, BANK,
PC VALUE and VOlCE NAME are shown on the LCD display.
75
MIDI Data Format
1.1 Parameter base address
REMARKS:
The address marked with "#", cannot be used as the "Start address".
1.3 MIDI Parameter Change table (MULTI common)
1.4 MIDI Parameter Change table (MULTI Part)
Voice Memory
The actual address value = the address at the top of each block + the offset
address.
1.2 MIDI Parameter Change table (System)
MIDI Data Format
76
REMARKS:
The actual address value = the address at the top of each block + the offset
address.
1.6 MIDI Parameter Change table (VOICE Memory)
1) Common parameter
REMARKS:
n: block number (0 - F)
Part 1
n=I
:
:
Part 9
Part 10
Part11
n=9
n=0
n=A
:
n=F
:
Part 16
x: MIDI channel number (0 - F)
When n = 0 (Drums), the following parameters are ignored.
PC VALUE
VOLUME
PANPOT
REVERB SEND DEPTH
vv' After conversion, it will be written.
The address marked with "#", cannot be used as the "Start address".
The actual address value = the address at the top of each block + the offset
address.
1.5 MIDI Parameter Change table (Drums Setup)
Remarks:
The actual address value = the address at the top of each block + the offset
address.
77
MIDI Data Format
2) Element parameter
REMARKS:
The address marked with "#", cannot be used as the "Start address".
In Disk Orchestra mode, the voice velocity curve setting is ignored. It is
always set to "curve-8".
The actual address value = the address at the top of each block + the offset
address.
1.7 MIDI Parameter Change table (Program change
table)
REMARKS:
The address marked with "#", cannot be used as the "Start address".
The actual address value = the address at the top of each block + the offset
address.
1.8 MIDI Parameter Change table (System
information)
REMARKS:
The top address must be the same as the "Start address".
YAMAHA [ Tone Generator ]
Model TG100
MIDI Implementation Chart
Transmitted
Date:14-DEC-1991
Version : 1 . 0 0
Remarks
Recognized
Function . . .
Basic
Channel
Default
Changed
x
x
1-16
1 - 16
Mode
Default
Messages
Altered
x
x
**************
3
3 , 4 ( m = 1)
x
Note
Number : True voice
x
**************
0 - 127
0 - 127
Velocity Note ON
Note OFF
x
x
o
x
After
Touch
x
x
x
x
o
x
x
o MSB only
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o(Reverb)
o
o
o
Key's
Ch's
Pitch Bender
Control
Change
0,32
1
5
6,38
7
10
11
64
65
91
100,101
120
121
0
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
o 0-127
System Exclusive
o
o
System : Song Pos.
: Song Sel.
Common : Tune
x
x
x
x
x
x
System
:Clock
Real Time :Commands
x
x
x
x
Aux
x
x
x
x
x
o(123-127)
o
x
*3
12bit resolution
0-24 semi
x
*************
Notes: *1
*2
*3
*2
9nH,v=1-127
Prog
Change : True #
:Local ON/OFF
:All Notes OFF
Mes- :Active Sense
sages:Reset
memorized
*1
*1
Bank Select
Modulation Wheel
Portamento Time
Data Entry
Volume
Panpot
Expression
Hold 1
Portamento
Effect Depth 1
RPN LSB, MSB
All Sound Off
Reset All Cntrls
*1
; receive if switch is o n .
; m is always treated as " 1 " regardless of its value.
; transmit/receive if exclusive switch is on.
Mode 1 : OMNI ON, POLY
Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY
Mode 2 : OMNI ON, MONO
Mode 4 : OMNI OFF, MONO
o : Yes
x : No
SERVICE
This product is supported by YAMAHA's worldwide network
of factory trained and qualified dealer service personnel. In
the event of a problem, contact your nearest YAMAHA dealer.
YAMAHA
VM82330
JCADROCR35.21TP
YAMAHA CORPORATION
P.O. Box 1, Hamamatsu, Japan
Printed in Japan
YAMAHA
Yamaha Corporation of America
6600 Orangethorpe Avenue, P.O. Box 6600, Buena Park, CA 90622-6600
TG100 OM
7/22/98 29313
Download PDF

advertising