Epson | NX | Service manual | Epson NX Service manual

®
EPSON NX
Service Manual
Printed on Recycled Paper.
Revision Level
Copyright Information
© 1993, Epson America, Inc.
20770 Madrona Avenue
Torrance, CA 90509
All rights reserved. No portion of this document may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electric, mechanical, photocopying,
recording, or otherwise, without the written permission of Epson America, Inc. No patent
liability is assumed with respect to use of the information contained herein. Nor is any
liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein.
Trademark Information
EPSON is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
Other product names used in this manual are for identification purposes only and may be
trademarks of their respective companies.
ii
Epson NX Service Manual
FCC Comdiance Statement for American Users
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Subpart B of Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in
a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more
of the following measures:
.
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
a
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
a
Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
a
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
The user may find the following booklet, prepared by the Federal Communications
Commission, helpful: How to Identify and Resolve Radio-TV Interference Problems. This
booklet is available from the U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
Stock No. 044-000-00345-4.
You can determine whether your computer is causing interference by turning it off. If the
interference stops, it was probably caused by the computer or its peripheral devices. To
further isolate the problem, disconnect either the peripheral device or its I/O cable.
These devices usually require a shielded cable. For Epson peripheral &vices, you can obtain
the proper shielded cable from your dealer. For non-Epson devices, contact the manufacturer
or dealer for assistance.
Warning
This equipment has been certified to comply with the limits for a Class B computing device,
pursuant to Subpart B of Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Only peripherals (computer input/output
devices, terminals, printers, etc.) certified to comply with the Class B limits may be attached
to this computer. Operation with non-certified peripherals is likely to result in interference to
radio and TV reception. The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this
equipment will invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference
levels which exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s
authority to operate the computer.
Epson NX Service Manual
iii
FCC Compliance Statement for American Users
DOC Compliance Statement for Canadian Users
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian Department of
Communications.
Conformation á les normes d’émission radioélectriques
Canadiennes
Le présent appareil numérique n’ émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numériques de la classe B prescrites dans le règlement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le Ministère des Communications du Canada.
Other Agency Approvals
Application for approval of this equipment has been made to the following agencies:
iv
United States:
UL, FCC Class B
Canada:
CSA, DOC
Europe:
VDE Class B, CISPR Class B, TUV, NEMKO, SEMKO, SETI
Epson NX Service Manual
About this Manual
This manual is designed to be used with the Epson NX system.
Chapter 1, System Description, includes the overall system specifications, subassembly
descriptions, and the locations of all major components.
Chapter 2, Troubleshooting, describes the steps you need to take to troubleshoot and service
the computer.
Chapter 3, Removing and Replacing Subassemblies, describes the disassembly and assembly
of the computer to its replaceable components.
Appendix A, Reference Materials, provides supplemental information that you may need
when servicing the computer.
Appendix B, System Utilities, provides a summary of the SETUP program, the System
Diagnostics, and other utilities on the Reference diskette.
Appendix C, Schematics, provides a series of system schematics.
A detailed Contents is provided at the beginning of each Chapter and Appendix. A complete
list of Tables and Figures is also provided in the Contents.
A comprehensive Index is provided at the back of the manual.
Epson NX Service Manual
v
System Description
System Description
Contents
System Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GeneralFeatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FrontPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RearPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Upgrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Document Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emissions and Safety Agency Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1- 1
l-2
1-3
l-4
l-5
l-5
l-6
l-6
l-7
Subassembly Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SystemBoard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connectors and Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Memory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BIOS ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CMOS RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Video DRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Expansion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mass Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Drive and Tape Drive Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Drive Options.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
l-8
l-9
1-9
l-11
l-11
1-12
1-13
1-15
1-16
1-16
1-16
1-16
1-17
1-18
1-18
1-18
l-22
Epson NX Service Manual
1-i
Figures
Figure l-l
Figure l-2
Figure l-3
Figure l-4
Figure l-5
Figure l-6
Figure l-7
Figure l-8
Figure l-9
Figure l-10
Figure 1 - 11
System Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FrontView . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rearview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CPU Upgrade Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Level Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Board Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply Cable Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Memory Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jumper Placement for HDDs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101-Key Enhanced Keyboard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1- 1
l-3
l-4
l-5
l-8
l-10
1-13
l- 14
1-15
l-20
l-22
Physical Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Panel Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emissions and Safety Agency Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Case Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Board Component Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Board Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Board Jumper Settings (Jl-J4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Board Jumper Settings (J5-J8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Board Jumper Settings (J9-J15). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette and Tape Drive Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conner CP30174E 170MB IDE HDD Specifications . . . . . . . . .
Quantum LPS240AT 240MB IDE HDD Specifications . . . . . . .
Quantum LPS525S 525MB SCSI HDD Specifications. . . . . . . .
Quantum LPS525S Jumper Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
l-2
l-3
l-4
l-6
l-7
l-9
l-9
1-12
1-12
1-12
1-12
1- 14
l- 17
l- 18
l- 18
1-19
l- 19
1-19
1-21
l-22
Tables
Table 1- 1
Table l-2
Table l-3
Table l-4
Table l-5
Table l-6
Table l-7
Table l-8
Table l-9
Table l-10
Table l-11
Table 1-12
Table 1-13
Table 1-14
Table 1-15
Table 1-16
Table 1-17
Table l-18
Table 1-19
Table l-20
1-ii
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
System Overview
The Epson NX desktop computer is an advanced, high-performance desktop system fully
compatible with Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) at the hardware and software level.
This computer has the capacity for installation of up to three storage devices and addition of
four option cards. The system comes standard with a 3½-inch, 1.44MB diskette drive. There
are four configurations, giving you a choice of no hard disk drive, a 170MB IDE, a 240MB
IDE, or a 525MB
SCSI hard disk drive. Systems with hard drives come with the
TM
NeXTSTEP operating system preinstalled A 16-bit Ethernet adapter card also is installed.
Figure l-l shows the main system unit and components that are packaged with the product
(monitor not included; the configuration without a hard drive does not include software).
Figure l-l System Overview
Epson NX Service Manual
1-1
System Overview
General Features
The following features are standard:
cl
Intel i486DX2/66 CPU
cl
PGA CPU-type ZIF socket that can also contain a future OverDrive processor
P
8KB CPU Cache and Epson VirtualCache
TM
TM
(secondary)
cl
C&T Wingine
64200 video display driver
0
Diskette drive (3%inch)
cl
A choice of no hard drive, a 170MB Conner IDE hard disk drive, a 24OMB Quantum
IDE hard disk drive, or a 525MB Quantum SCSI hard disk drive
cl
20MB of on-board memory in the 170MB or 240MB HDD configurations or
36MB of on-board memory in the 525MB HDD configuration; expandable with
SIMMs to 128MB
cl
2MB of on-hoard video DRAM
D
Texas Instruments RAMDAC
cl
A 16-bit Ethernet adapter (either an Intel EtherExpress 16C or an SMC EtherCard
PLUS Elite16 Combo)
0
Selectable shadow RAM for system BIOS and video BIOS
D
Two RS-232C serial ports and a Centronics standard bidirectional parallel port
cl
PS/2compatible mouse and keyboard ports
0
Built-in VGA video port
0
Four full-length, horizontal, 16-bit, ISA option slots (three available)
cl
Keyboard with mini-DIN type connector
cl
100-240 VAC worldwide power supply with switch-selectable input; 145 watts.
TM
Table 1-l describes the overall physical dimensions of the system.
Table l-l
Physical Description
1-2
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
Front Panel
Figure l-2 shows the features on the front panel of the system. Table l-2 describes the front
panel features.
Figure 1-2 Front View
Table 1-2
Front Panel Features
I
Epson NX Service Manual
1-3
System Overview
Rear Panel
Figure l-3 shows the features on the rear panel of the system. Table 1-3 describes the rear
panel features.
Figure 1-3 Rear View
l-4
Epson NX service Manual
System Description
Options
In addition to the standard configurations, the following are available:
cl
An optional 3½-inch or 5¼-inch diskette drive
ci
3½-inch 8OMB, 12OMB, or 240MB IDE hard disk drives
cl
1, 4, 16, or 64MB (when available), 36-bit, 70-ns SIMM option kits
cl
VGA, Super VGA, and multi-frequency color monitors
cl
Epson 25OMB tape backup drive
a
Media Vision Spectrum
cl
Labtec CSS-550 speaker option kit.
TM
16 multimedia sound card
Upgrades
Figure l-4 shows the possible CPU upgrade paths for the standard system configurations.
You can find instructions for removing and replacing CPUs in Chapter 3.
Figure 1-4 CPU Upgrade Path
Epson NX Service Manual
1-5
System Overview
Document Sources
Emissions and Safety Agency Information
The Epson NX in a typical configuration meets or exceeds the requirements of the emissions
and safety agencies listed in Table l-4.
Table 1-4
Emissions and Safety Agency Data
l-6
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
Environmental Specifications
Table l-5 lists the. environmental specifications for the Epson NX.
Table l-5
Environmental Specifications
Epson NX Service Manual
1-7
Subassembly Descriptions
Subassembly Descriptions
This section gives descriptions and specifications for the following subassemblies:
0
Case
cl
System board along with connectors and jumpers
0
Power supply
cl
Memory
ci
Disk drives
0
Keyboard.
Figure l-5 shows the major subassemblies of the computer.
Figure 1-5 System Level Assemblies
1-8
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
Case
The multi-piece case unit is shown in Figure l-5 and described in Table 1-6, below.
Table 1-6
Case Specifications
System Board
Figure l-6 shows the major components on the main system board. The functions of these
components are described in Table l-7.
Table 1-7
System Board Component Functions
Epson NX Service Manual
1-9
Subassembly Descriptions
Figure l-6 System Board Components
1-10
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
Connectors and Jumpers
This section describes the connectors and jumpers on the main system board. The location of
each connector and jumper block is shown in Figure l-6.
Connectors
Table l-8 lists the connectors on the main system board. You can find a description of all
connector pin assignments in Appendix A.
Table 13
System Board Connectors
Epson NX Service Manual
1-71
Subassembly Descriptions
Jumpers
The location of each jumper is shown in Figure l-6. A jumper’s setting is determined by
where the jumper is placed on a set of pins. The jumper connects either pin A and the middle
pin or pin B and the middle pin. The jumper settings are defined in Table 1-9, Table l-10,
and Table l-11.
Table 1-9
System Board Jumper Settings (51-54)
Table l-10
System Board Jumper Settings (JS-J8)
Table l-11
System Board Jumper Settings (J9-515)
1-12
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
Power Supply
The computer has a 145-watt power supply with switch-selectable AC input voltage. The
power supply is a totally self-contained module that connects PS1 and PS2 to the main circuit
board via a 12 pin connector (CN13). In addition to the normal power supply circuitry, the
module also includes the following components:
Power on/off switch
D
115/23OV input select switch
cl
AC input connector for detachable power cord
cl
Cooling fan.
All minimum load requirements for the power supply are met by the standard configuration
of the main circuit board.
To prevent damage from excessive temperature inside the computer, the power supply
includes sensors and a detection circuit that shuts down the power supply when an excessive
operating temperature is detected. To restart the computer, you must identify and correct the
problem that caused the system to overheat (such as a blocked fan), turn off the power
switch, wait at least thirty seconds, and turn the power back on.
The power supply is shown in Figure l-7. Specifications are given in Table 1-12.
Power-on/off switch
Fan
Voltage
switch /
Power inlet
Figure 1-7 Power Supply
Epson NX Service Manual
1-13
Subassembly Descriptions
Table 1-12
Power Supply Specifications
Figure l-8 shows the power supply cable layout and connectors.
1-14
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
Memory
The 170MB and 240MB HDD configurations for this system have 4MB of memory soldered
on the system board and one 16MB SIMM installed, for 20MB total memory. The 525MB
HDD configuration has 4MB of memory soldered on the system board and two 16MB
SIMMs installed, for 36MB total memory. The DRAM on the system board consists of eight
high-performance 512KB, 70-ns chips. The system supports 1, 4, 16, or 64MB (when
available), 70-ns SIMMs; two SIMMs may be installed for a maximum of 128MB Memory
is controlled by a custom ASIC designed by Epson that permits burst cycles from standard
DRAM. The system memory has the following features:
0
Standard memory includes cache and shadow RAM
0
ROM BIOS and CMOS RAM
0
Video DRAM
0
Zero wait state memory access
0
32-bit data access
0
LIM 4.0 EMS compatiblity.
Figure l-9 shows the system memory map.
Epson NX Sevice Manual
1-15
Subassembly Descriptions
Shadow RAM
128KB of the remaining first 1MB of DRAM is used to shadow the system BIOS and VGA
BIOS. Shadow RAM is address selectable through SETUP.
Cache Memory
8KB of internal cache is built into the microprocessor. Cache address control is selectable
through SETUP and testing is available through the system diagnostics.
The system also supports a new feature designed by Epson called VirtualCache. VitualCache
is a dynamic DRAM memory cache that functions like cache SRAM. VirtualCache utilizes
the burst-mode capabilities of the 486 CPU to minimize memory access time. In addition,
look-ahead circuitry attempts to predict where the next memory access will be, and access
that region before the CPU needs it.
BIOS ROM
The system uses a BIOS that conforms to the ISA IEEE specifications. The BIOS supports
all applications that run on PC XT/AT systems and supports all ISA option cards.
The system board contains a 128KB EPROM in Ul for the system and video BIOS plus the
code for the SETUP utility. The 64KB EPROM in U113 contains the Nanguage text
messages for SETUP
The current BIOS version is shown during system start up. Installing a new version of the
BIOS requires replacement of the EPROMs in Ul and U113. See Chapter 3 for details.
CMOS RAM
The CMOS RAM is contained within the 82C206 and power is provided via the lithium
backup battery. The CMOS memory supports the standard 64 bytes of battery-backed RAM:
14 bytes for clock and control registers and 50 bytes of general purpose data. All CMOS
RAM is reserved for BIOS use and can be set to specific values or cleared to system default
values using the SETUP program.
Video DRAM
The system comes with 2MB of video DRAM consisting of eight 256KB chips soldered onto
the main system board in sockets U84-U87 and U92-U95.
1-16
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
Memory Expansion
The system board has two SIMM sockets, SIMM1 and SIMM2. The SIMMs that you install
should be single- or double-sided 70-ns, 36-bit fast-page-mode SIMMs with gold connectors.
Table 1-13 shows the possible memory expansion configurations.
Table 1-13
Memory Configuration
SIMM positions can be reversed to achieve same total
memory.
l
20MB of RAM is standard for 170MB and 240MB HDD
configurations; 36MB of RAM is standard for the 525MB
HDD configuration.
+ The standard 4 MB of memory is not accessible when
both SIMM sockets are populated with 64MB SIMMs.
Epson NX service Manual
1-17
Subassembly Descriptions
Mass Storage
The system can support up to three mass storage devices. A hard disk drive can be installed
in the horizontal drive bays or outside the drive bay on the right side. Diskette, CD-ROM, cx
tape drives can be installed in the horizontal drive bays.
Diskette Drive and Tape Drive Options
The on-board diskette controller directly supports two diskette drives of any of the following:
3½&inch, 72OKB or 1.44MB and 5¼-inch 360KB or 1.2MB drives. The controller can also
support one tape drive.
The standard diskette drive is a Mitsumi D-359T3 drive. Optional diskette drives can be
selected from Table 1-14.
Table 1-14
Diskette and Tape Drive Options
Hard Disk Drive Options
There are three optional hard disk drive configurations available from the factory: a Conner
CP30174E 170MB drive, a Quantum LPS240AT 240MB drive, or a Quantum LPS525S
525MB drive.
Table l-15
Hard Disk Configurations
1-18
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
Specifications for the Conner CP30174E HDD
Table 1-16
Specifications for the Quantum LPS525S HDD
Table 1-18
Quantum LPS525S 52SMB SCSI HDD Specifications
Epson NX Service Manual
1-19
Subassembly Descriptions
Conner CP-30174E
17O MB IDE HDD
Master = C/D jumpered
Slave = C/D not jumpered
Quantum LPS240AT
24OMB IDE HDD
Master = DS jumpered
Slave = not jumpered
(or if drive is configured
for cab/e selection using the
CS jumper, the drive is a
master drive if pin 28 is
grounded and a slave if
pin 28 is not grounded)
Quantum LPS525S
525MB SCSI HDD
See Table 1-19 for jumper
settings.
Figure l-10. Jumper Placement for HDDs
1-20
Epson NX Service Manual
System Description
Table 1-19
Quantum LPS525S Jumper Settings
bus (to be used when drive is
*
Factory default jumper setting
Epson NX Service Manual
1-21
Subassembly Descriptions
Keyboard
The system includes a detached keyboard that connects to the computer through a coiled
cable. Adjustable legs allow you to use the keyboard at two different heights. Figure l-11
shows the l0l-key keyboard. A 102-key model is also available. Table l-20 provides the
specifications for the l0l-key keyboard.
Figure l-11 l0l-Key Enhanced Keyboard
Table l-20
Keyboard Specifications
1-22
Epson NX Service Manual
Troubleshooting
2 Troubleshooting
Contents
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Service Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Epson Authorized Replacement Modules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-On Diagnostics and Boot Errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-l
2-l
2-2
Error Beep Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6
General System Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power or Lock-up Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer Doesn’t Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BlankScreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply Shut Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No Keyboard Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sticking Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Video Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Blank Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Incorrect Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Drive Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating System Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Drive Noise. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Newly-installed Drive Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Boot Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Software Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parallel Printer Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serial Port Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Card Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Module Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mouse Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting with the NeXTSTEP Operating System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
2-7
2-8
2-8
2-8
2-9
2-9
2-10
2-10
2-11
2-11
2-12
2-12
2- 12
2-13
2- 13
2-14
2-14
2-15
2-16
2-17
2- 18
2-19
2-20
2-3
Figures
Figure 2-l
Figure 2-2
Figure 2-3
Figure 2-4
Figure 2-5
Figure 2-6
Figure 2-7
Figure 2-8
Figure 2-9
Figure 2- 10
Figure 2-11
Power or Lock-up Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Video Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Drive Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parallel Printer Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serial Port Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Card Problems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Module Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mouse Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
2-9
2-10
2-12
2- 13
2-14
2-15
2-16
2-17
2- 18
2-19
Epson NX Service Manual
2-i
Tables
Table
Table
Table
Table
2-ii
2-l
2-2
2-3
2-4
Recommended Service Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Authorized Replacement Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-on Diagnostic Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Beep Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Epson NX Service Manual
2-l
2-2
2-3
2-6
General Information
This chapter describes the various procedures you can follow to diagnose problems with the
system. The diagnostics are broken down into three sections:
0
Power-on diagnostics and boot errors
cl
Error tone codes
cl
General system problems.
Recommended Service Tools
The recommended service tools are listed in Table 2-1. All tools are commercially available.
Table 2-1
Recommended Service Tools
Epson NX Service Manual
2-l
Epson Authorized Replacement Modules
Table 2-2 lists the authorized replacement modules for the Epson NX. The reference letter
assigned to each module is used in this chapter to indicate when you should replace that
module and test the system again.
Table 2-2
Authorized Replacement Modules
*
2-2
Rep lacement of these components is performed only by
authorized service centers outside the U.S. Servicers In the
U.S. should replace the system board when there is a
malfunction of any of the components marked with an asterisk.
Epson NX Service Manual
Power-On Diagnostics and Boot Errors
The computer’s ROM BIOS contains a series of diagnostic programs, called Rower-On
Diagnostics (ROD). These programs check internal devices, such as ROM, RAM, the timer,
the keyboard controller, and the hard disk drive every time you turn on the computer or reset
the system.
When the POD tests detect an error, the computer displays a message on the screen as
described below. In some instances, the computer may also sound a beep. This happens when
the error occurs before the computer initializes the video display. If the error is serious, the
computer cancels further checking and halts system initialization. The error message remains
on the screen and the computer locks up.
Table 2-3 provides a list of the error messages that may appear. The solutions that are
provided must be followed in order. If more than one replacement module is specified,
replace them in order, one at a time.
Table 2-3
Power-on Diagnostic Error Messages
Epson NX Service Manual
2-3
Power-On Diagnostics and Boot Errors
2-4
Epson NX Service Manual
*
Replacement of these components is performed only by authorized service centers outside
the U.S. Servicers in the U.S. should replace the system board when there is a malfunction
of any of the components marked with an asterisk.
Epson NX Service Manual
2-5
Error Beep Codes
Error Beep Codes
If the POD detects an error but cannot display an error message, the computer sounds an
error tone code. The tone code is a distinct pattern of beeps that identifies the error, such as
one long beep and two short beeps. If there are no errors, the system beeps once before it
loads the operating system.
Table 2-4 lists the error beep codes.
Table 2-4
Error Beep Codes
Replacement of these components is performed on by authorized service
centers outside the U.S. Servicers in the U.S. should replace the system
board when there is a malfunction of any of the components marked with an
asterisk.
2-6
Epson NX Service Manual
Troubleshooting
General System Problems
This section describes problems you may encounter with systems that do not produce POD
error messages. A series of possible solutions is provided for each type of problem in two
formats: a flowchart and a stepby-step text description.
Note Retry the system after you have performed the suggested solution. Only go on to the
next step when the suggested solution fails.
For certain problems, a hardware test is available as one of the options of the System
Diagnostics. You can find the System Diagnostics program on the Reference diskette; user
instructions are in the User’s Guide and a summary can be found in Appendix B of this
manual.
Power or Lock-up Problems
If there is a problem with the computer’s power or the system locks up, see the suggestions
below:
Epson NX Service Manual
2-7
General System Problems
Computer Doesn’t Start
If the Rower LED is on, see “Video Problems” on page 2-10. If the Rower LED is off, turn
off the power and check the following:
Be sure all cables are securely connected to the computer.
Check that the computer and monitor power cords are plugged completely into their
electrical outlets.
Test the outlet to see if it supplies power.
Remove the Rower cord from the electrical wall outlet and from the rear of the power
supply module.
Remove the Rower supply and test the continuity of the 4A fuse inside the module
with a multimeter. Replace the fuse if necessary.
Replace the power supply.
Blank Screen
See “Blank Screen” on page 2-l 1.
Power Supply Shut Down
The Power supply contains detection circuits that automatically shut down the power if they
detect excessive operating temperatures. This protects the system from damage due to
overheating.
When these circuits detect a high temperature, they shut off all the DC outputs in the power
supply and the computer stops operating. This does not damage the power supply, but you
must remove the cause of the high temperature before the system can be used again.
After you eliminate the problem causing the overheating, allow the computer to cool down
for at least five minutes at a room temperature of about 25° C (78° F). This resets the thermal
detection circuits.
To determine the cause of the high temperature and correct the condition, check for the
following:
2-a
1
A blocked power supply fan. Make sure that nothing blocks the power supply fan
vents. Check both inside and outside the computer for blockage. Make sure there is
ample room around the system for air circulation.
2
Room temperatures of 40° C (104° F) or above. If this is the case, move the computer
to a cooler area.
3
An overload of the power supply limitations. Check the information on page 1-14 to
see if the power limits have been observed.
4
If the power supply shuts off again after you follow the steps above to correct the
problem, replace the Rower supply module.
Epson NX Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Keyboard Problems
If there is a problem with the computer’s keyboard, see the suggestions below:
Figure 2-2 Keyboard Problems
No Keyboard Response
If the computer boots properly but does not respond when you type, follow these suggestions:
1
Make sure the keyboard cable is securely connected to the keyboard port and not the
mouse port.
2
Check the keyboard cable connector for any bent or missing pins. If necessary, repair
the connector or replace the cable.
3
Replace the keyboard unit. The internal circuit board may be faulty.
4
Replace the keyboard controller. The controller may be faulty.
5
Check the continuity of fuse Fl (1A @ 125V) on the system board and replace it if
blown.
6
Replace the system board.
Epson NX Service Manual
24
Genera/ System Problems
Sticking Keys
When the keys are sticking, follow these suggestions:
1
Make sure the keyboard’s upper and lower cases are properly aligned.
2
Remove the sticking keys and clean all internal parts.
3
Remove the keys and replace any broken parts.
Video Problems
If there is a problem with the computer’s video system, see the suggestions below:
Figure 2-3 Video Problems
2-10
Epson NX Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Blank Screen
If the power LED is on but the screen is blank, follow these suggestions:
Make sure the monitor cables are securely connected to the monitor, the computer, and
the electrical outlet.
Check that the monitor’s power switch is on and that the power light on the monitor is
lit. If the Rower light is not lit, check to see if the electrical outlet supplies power.
If the power light is on but you still do not see anything on the screen, check the
monitor’s brightness and contrast controls.
Check the monitor cable connector for any bent or missing pins. If necessary, repair
the connector or replace the cable.
If the monitor is connected to the built-in video adapter, make sure that jumper Jl0
has a jumper in position A. (See page 1-12.) If the monitor is connected to an optional
video adapter, make sure that jumper Jl0 has a jumper in position B. If the optional
video adapter is monochrome, make sure that jumper Jll is in position B.
Replace the monitor.
Replace the system board. The video controller may be faulty. Authorized service
centers outside the U.S. can replace the video controller chip.
Incorrect Images
If the screen displays incorrect or blurred images, follow these suggestions:
1
Make sure the monitor cables are securely connected to the monitor, the computer, and
the electrical outlet.
2
Check the monitor’s brightness and contrast controls. See the manufacturer’s guide for
references to other controls that may affect picture quality.
3
Make sure the monitor and video adapter types match.
4
Make sure the correct display adapter type is selected in the SETUP program.
5
If an extended VGA driver is installed in memory, make sure the specified resolution
is supported by the monitor.
6
Test the video adapter by running the video diagnostics tests. If the tests indicate an
error, replace the system board. The video controller may be faulty. Authorized
service centers outside the U.S. can replace the video controller chip.
Epson NX Service Manual
2-11
General System Problems
Diskette Drive Problems
If there is a problem with the diskette drive, see the suggestions below:
Figure 24 Diskette Drive Problems
Operating System Error Messages
If the system boots, but the operating system displays a diskette access error message, follow
these suggestions:
1
Run the SETUP program and make sure the diskette drive type is set correctly and the
diskette drive controller is enabled.
2
Remove the computer cover and make sure the diskette drive interface and power
connectors are completely inserted. Replace the cover.
3
Test the drive by running the diskette drive diagnostics test. If the test indicates an
error, replace the diskette drive.
4
Replace the system board. The FDD controller in the 82C711 gate array may be
faulty. Authorized service centers outside the U.S. can replace the gate array chip.
Diskette Drive Noise
lf the diskette drive is making loud or unusual noises, check for any loose parts and replace
the diskette drive if necessary.
2-12
Epson NX Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Hard Disk Problems
If there is a problem with the hard disk drive, see the suggestions below:
Figure 2-5 Hard Disk Problems
Newly-installed Drive Problems
If there is a problem with a newly installed drive, follow these suggestions:
1
Verify that you ran the SETUP program to enable the built-in hard disk controller and
have defined the hard disk drive type correctly.
2
Check all the cable connections to make sure you installed the drive correctly. (See
page 3-16.) Also, check the jumper settings on the drive to be sure they are set
correctly.
3
Lf you installed a non-Epson hard disk drive, verify that it has a DOS partition. (The
hard disk drives Epson provides with the Epson NX have a DOS partition as well as a
partition for NeXTSTEP software.) You can check for a DOS partition by booting
with a DOS system diskette and running the FDISK program. If FDISK reports that no
partition exists, then it means that DOS has not been installed.
Note If the hard disk is not an IDE-type drive, it may need to be physically formatted.
Follow the instructions in the User’s Guide for the HDD format program on the
Reference diskette.
4
Test the drive by running the hard disk diagnostics tests. If the tests indicate a
problem, replace the drive.
Epson NX Service Manual
2-13
General System Problems
Hard Disk Boot Failure
When the computer starts but does not load the operating system, follow these suggestions:
1
Run the SETUP program and make sure the hard disk drive type is correct.
2
Boot the system from a DOS system diskette in drive A. Then enter the command
DIR C: . (The drives Epson provides for the Epson NX have a partition for DOS as
well as a partition for the NeXTSTEP operating system.) If you see a message similar
to Invalid device sgecification,go to step 4.
3
If you see a valid directory listing, run the DOS FDISK program and make sure the
primary partition is set as the active partition.
4
Reformat the hard disk and reinstall the operating system on it. (See “Hard Disk
Problems” on page 2- 13 .)
5
If the hard disk is not an IDE-type, perform a low-level format on the HDD with the
Hard Disk Format program on the Reference diskette. (See the User’s Guide for
instructions.) Reformat the hard disk and reinstall the operating system on it.
System Software Problems
If there is a problem using the built-in system software, follow the suggestions below:
Figure 2-6 Software Problems
2-14
1
Make sure you are using the correct procedure for starting the program.
2
Check your Service Information Bulletins for System BIOS updates. Install the most
recent version of the BIOS in Ul.
3
If you are unable to run the SETUP program, replace the System BIOS chip in Ul and
the SETUP text chip in U113 (see page 3-21).
4
Replace the system board.
Epson NX Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Parallel Printer Problems
If there is a problem using a printer from the parallel port, follow the suggestions below:
Figure 2-7 Parallel Printer Problems
Make sure the printer has power and is properly connected to the computer. (Also, be
sure the printer has paper in it.)
Check the printer manual for the printer’s correct DIP switch or control panel settings.
Try a different cable. Also, try a different printer if one is available.
If there is more than one parallel port, check the primary and secondary port settings
in the SETUP program to make sure they are correct.
Run the parallel port diagnostics test.
Replace the system board. Connector CN5 or the parallel port controller in the
F82C711 gate array may be faulty. Authorized service centers outside the U.S. can
replace the gate array chip or connector.
Epson NX Service Manual
2-15
General System Problems
Serial Port Problems
If there is a problem using a serial device from a serial port, follow the suggestions below:
Figure 2-8 Serial Port Problems
Make sure the device has power and is properly connected to the computer.
Check the device’s manual for any DIP switch or control panel settings. The baud
rate, parity, and number of stop bits of the device and serial port must match.
Try a different cable. Also, make sure you are using a null modem cable if the device
is a serial printer.
Check the primary and secondary port settings in the SETUP program to make sure
they are correct.
Run the Serial port Diagnostics test.
Replace the system board. Connectors CN4 and CN8 or the serial port controller in the
F82C711 gate array may be faulty. Authorized service centers outside the U.S. can
replace the gate array chip or connector.
2-16
Epson NX Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Option Card Problems
If there is a problem using an option card, follow the suggestions below:
Figure 2-9 Option Card Problems
Make sure the option card is properly inserted in its slot.
Check to see if any necessary DIP switches or jumpers on the option card are set
correctly.
Make sure that you used the proper cable to connect the device to the option card
connector.
Switch the system to low speed.
If you still have trouble with the option
card and the TM
system is using a memory
TM
manager program such as QEMM-386 or 386MAX , try removing the program from
memory and rebooting your computer.
Some cards may use a part of the memory address space that conflicts with the
addresses assigned to Video Shadow RAM. Use the SETUP program to disable the
Video Shadow RAM.
Replace the option card.
Epson NX Service Manual
2-17
General System Problems
Memory Module Problems
If there is a problem using a SIMM, follow the suggestions below:
Figure 2-10 Memory Module Problems
2-18
1
If the memory count displayed by the POD or the SETUP program is incorrect, the
SIMMs may not be installed correctly. The SIMMs may be the wrong type, or they
may not be inserted all the way into their sockets. Remove the cover and check the
installation.
2
Verify the speed of the SIMMs. Install only 70-ns (or faster), 36-bit, gold-plated,
fast-page mode SIMMs.
3
Run the SETUP program to check the memory configuration.
4
Run the memory diagnostics test.
5
Replace the SIMMs one at a time.
6
Replace the system board. The SIMM connectors or memory controller in the EP6075
gate array may be faulty. Authorized service centers can replace the gate array chip or
Connector.
Epson NX Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Mouse Problems
When the computer boots properly but does not respond when you move the mouse, follow
the suggestions below:
Figure 211 Mouse Problems
1
Make sure the mouse cable is securely connected to the mouse port (CN9) and not to
the keyboard port (CNl0).
2
Check whether the mouse driver program is loaded into the computer’s memory
correctly.
Check the mouse cable connector for any bent or missing pins.
Check that the built-in mouse port jumper J9 is in position A.
Replace the mouse. It may be faulty.
For servicers outside the U.S., replace the keyboard/mouse controller. The controller
may be faulty.
7
Check the continuity of fuse Fl (1 A @ 125V) on the system board. Replace the fuse
if it is blown.
8
Replace the system board.
Epson NX Service Manual
2-19
General System Problems
Troubleshooting with the NeXTSTEP Operating System
As has been described previously, you can diagnose hardware problems for the Epson NX
system by inserting a DOS boot or diagnostics diskette and running the checks in this
chapter. The paragraphs below describe a few features of the NeXTSTEP operating system
that may be useful for a service technician to know during troubleshooting.
1
Like the UNIX operating system, NeXTSTEP needs to be powered down in an orderly
manner. If you want to exit NeXTSTEP and power off the system:
Hold down the right Alt key, press Num Lock, and then press h to halt the system.
2
If there is an abnormal system shut down, the NeXTSTEP operating system runs an
extensive check of the hard disk drive to investigate the problem. The screen displays
the message “Checking disks” for several minutes. After successfully running the
system check, NeXTSTEP cleans the file system state (i.e., performs the procedure for
an orderly shutdown), and then reboots. The system displays the message “Pile
system clean” during initialization of the software.
(In some instances of abnormal shutdown, the site system administrator
(SUPERUSER) will be required to intervene and manually clean the file system.)
2-20
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Removing and Replacing
Subassemblies
Contents
General Service Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing an Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Option Slot Cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Option Slot Cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an Option Card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Option Card Riser Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Option Card Riser Board. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing SIMMs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing SIMMs.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
InstalIing Another Processor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Drive From the Horizontal Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a Drive In the Horizontal Position. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Hard Disk Drive From the Vertical Position. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a Hard Disk Drive In the Vertical Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reinstalling the Power Supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the BIOS EPROMs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the BIOS EPROMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the System Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the System Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Front Bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Front Bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-10
3-l 1
3-12
3- 13
3-14
3-15
3-17
3-18
3-19
3-20
3-21
3-21
3-22
3-22
3-23
3-23
3-24
3-25
3-25
3-26
Epson NX Service Manual
3-i
Figures
Figure 3-l
Figure 3-2
Figure 3-3
Figure 3-4
Figure 3-5
Figure 3-6
Figure 3-7
Figure 3-8
Figure 3-9
Figure 3- 10
Figure 3-11
Figure 3- 12
Figure 3-13
Figure 3-14
Figure 3- 15
Figure 3-16
Figure 3-17
Figure 3-18
3-ii
Removing the Cover Retaining Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing/Installing the Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing/Replacing the Option Slot Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Option Card Riser Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing SIMMs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing/Installing the Processor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing/Installing a Horizontal Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing/Installing Drive Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching Drive Cables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing/Installing a Vertical HDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply Power Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speaker and LED Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BIOS Chips Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing/Replacing the System Board. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing/Replacing the Front Bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Epson NX Service Manual
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-10
3-11
3-13
3-14
3-15
3-16
3-17
3-19
3-20
3-21
3-23
3-24
3-25
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
General Service Information
This chapter provides instructions for removing and replacing the major subassemblies of the
Epson NX. The following precautions must be observed when performing any service
procedures.
DANGER Turn off the computer and all peripheral devices and
disconnect all peripheral interface cables from the system unit before
removing the system unit cover. Failure to heed this warning could
expose you to an electrical shock hazard. Remove the AC power cord
only when you need to disassemble the system.
Components on the main system board can get very hot. After turning off
the computer, wait for at least 10 minutes for the components to cool
before removing the cover.
WARNING Most of the components used in the manufacture of circuit
boards and disk drives in the computer are static-sensitive CMOS
devices. To prevent damage from static electricity, always discharge
body static by touching a grounded surface before opening the
computer’s case. Always wear a grounded wrist strap when handling any
circuit boards or cables inside the computer. Do not touch any of the
circuit board components or connector pins with your hands, including
the gold edge connectors, as damage from static discharge and/or
contamination may result. Place circuit boards and disk drives on
anti-static rubber mats or similar anti-static surfaces when they are
removed from the computer.
Do not rock, twist, or physically stress the circuit boards while removing
them, as permanent damage may result.
Follow all instructions in the order given. Failure to do so may cause
damage to a subassembly or component.
Caution Do not allow the speaker attached to the front of the system
chassis to come in close proximity to diskettes, hard disk drives, or other
magnetic media, as the speaker’s magnetic field can cause loss of data.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-1
System Unit
System Unit
This section describes how to remove and replace the components of the main system unit.
Removing the Cover
WARNING Be sure to ground yourself by touching the back panel of the
computer every time you remove the cover. If you are not properly
grounded, you could generate an electric shock when you touch a
component.
Before following these instructions, read the warnings on page 3-l.
Follow these steps to remove the computer’s cover:
1
Turn off the computer and then any peripheral devices (including the monitor and
printer).
2
Disconnect the computer’s power cable from the electrical outlet and from the back
panel if you plan to remove a major component. Also, disconnect any cables that are
connected to the computer, including the keyboard cable.
3
If the monitor is on top of the computer, lift it off and set it to one side.
4
Turn the computer around so you are facing the back panel.
5
Remove the three retaining screws securing the cover to the back panel, as shown in
Figure 3- 1.
Figure 3-1 Removing the Cover Retaining Screws
3-2
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
6
Turn the computer around again so that the front panel is facing you.
7
Grasp the sides of the cover and pull it straight toward you until it stops, just before it
reaches the front of the computer. Then lift it off at an angle as shown in Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-2 Removing the Cover
8
Set the cover aside on a flat surface.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-3
System Unit
Replacing the Cover
To replace the computer’s cover, follow these steps:
1
Facing the front of the computer, position the cover so the lips on its bottom edges
slide under the guiderails along both sides of the computer case, as shown in
Figure 3-3.
Chassis
Cover
Figure 3-3 Replacing the Cover
3-4
2
Lower the cover and slide it straight back over the computer until it stops against the
rear panel.
3
Replace the three cover retaining screws as shown in Figure 3- 1.
4
Reconnect the computer to the monitor, printer, keyboard, mouse, and any other
peripheral devices. Then reconnect the power cable to the back of the computer and to
an electrical outlet.
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Removing an Option Card
Follow these steps to remove an option card that has been installed in the computer in order
to access components on the main system board, to change a jumper setting, or to change
option cards:
1
Remove the computer’s cover as described on page 3-2.
2
Remove the retaining screw securing the option card to the computer as shown in
Figure 3-4. Then pull the card straight out from the riser board.
Figure 3-4 Removing/Installing the Option Card
3
Set the option card aside with the component side facing up.
Note After removing an option card, check to see if any jumper settings on the main system
board need to be changed. For example, if you remove a mouse interface card, the
setting of jumper J12 needs to be changed. If you remove a video card, the settings of
jumper Jl0 or J11 may need to change. See page 1 - 12 for more information on jumper
settings.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-5
System Unit
Removing the Option Slot Cover
Follow these steps to remove the option slot cover so you can install an option card:
1
Remove the cover as described on page 3-2.
2
Remove the retaining screw securing the option slot cover and slide out the slot cover
as shown in Figure 3-5. Keep the screw to secure the option card to the computer.
Store the slot cover in a safe place in case the option card is later removed.
Figure 3-5 Removing/Replacing the Option Slot Cover
Replacing the Option Slot Cover
Follow these steps to replace the option slot cover:
3-6
1
Remove the cover as described on page 3-2.
2
To replace the option slot cover, insert the cover as shown above in Figure 3-5 and
secure it with the retaining screw.
3
Replace the computer’s cover. (See page 3-4.)
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Installing an Option Card
The computer has four 16-bit option slots located on the option card connector board and
accommodates up to four option cards. (The Epson NX comes with a network card in one
option slot, and some configurations may have a SCSI interface in another slot.) An option
card can occupy any slot. For example, an 8-bit card can be installed in a 16-bit slot.
However, the following restrictions apply:
0
If an 8-bit card has an additional tab along the bottom, it will interfere with the option
slot connector and will not fit.
0
If a disk drive controller card is installed, place the card in one of the lower slots, so
the drive cable will not be in the way when replacing the computer’s cover.
0
If a high-resolution graphics adapter card is installed, place the card in one of the
lower slots, so the cable will reach the VGA feature connector (CN17) on the system
board. Consult the instructions that come with the card for further instructions.
Note Before installing an option card, check to see if any jumper settings on the main
system board need to be changed. For example, if installing a mouse interface card,
the settings of jumpers J9 and J12 need to be changed. If installing a video card, the
settings of jumpers Jl0 or Jl 1 may need to change. See page l-l2 for more
information on jumper settings.
Follow these steps to install an option card that has been removed or to add a new option
card in the computer:
1
Remove the computer’s cover as described on page 3-2.
2
Remove the option slot cover as described on page 3-6.
3
Unpack the option card and adjust any switches or jumpers on it, if necessary. (Check
the option card instructions.) When handling the card, be careful not to touch any of
the components on the circuit board or the gold-plated connectors. If you need to set it
down before you install it, place it gently on top of its original packing material with
the component side facing up. Keep the packing materials in case the card is removed
later.
4
Hold the card along the top corners and guide it into the connector as shown in Figure
3-4. If installing a full-length card insert the front edge of the card into the
corresponding guide inside the computer’s front panel.
5
Once the connectors reach the slot, push the card in firmly to insert it fully. If it does
not go in smoothly, do not force it; pull the card all the way out and try again.
6
Secure the end of the card to the computer’s option slot with the retaining screw that
once held the option slot cover.
7
Follow the instructions on page 3-4 to replace the computer’s cover.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-7
System Unit
Removing the Option Card Riser Board
Follow these steps to remove the option card riser board:
1
Remove the computer’s cover as described on page 3-2.
2
Remove any option cards as described on page 3-5.
Caution To prevent damage, remove any option cards before removing
the riser board.
3
Remove the retaining screw securing the bracket to the option card riser board and to
the power supply as shown in Figure 3-6. Then remove the bracket.
Figure 3-6 Removing the Option Card Riser Board
4
Using both hands, pull the riser board straight up and out of its socket (CN14).
5
Set the board aside.
Replacing the Option Card Riser Board
Follow these steps to reinstall the option card riser board inside the computer:
3-8
1
Position the board above its slot (CN14) as shown in Figure 3-6 and then firmly push
it straight in.
2
Secure the bracket to the power supply and then to the board with the retaining screws.
3
Replace any option cards previously removed before replacing the computer’s cover.
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Removing SlMMs
If you need to remove SIMMs from the computer, follow these steps:
Remove the computer’s cover as described on page 3-2.
Remove any option cards that may be blocking access to the SIMM sockets (see
page 3-5).
Use your fingers or a small screwdriver to pull away the metal tabs that secure the
SIMM at each end. Be careful not to pull the tabs too far, or they may bend.
Metal Tab
Figure 3-7 Removing SIMMs
As you pull away the tabs, the SIMM falls to the side of its socket as shown in Figure
3-7. When the SIMM is at an angle, carefully remove the SIMM and store it in an
anti-static bag.
Repeat steps 3 and 4 for removing additional SIMMs.
Replace any option cards removed (see page 3-7).
Replace the computer’s cover (see page 3-4).
Run the SETUP program immediately to update the computer’s configuration with the
new memory information.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-9
System Unit
Installing SlMMs
Follow these steps to install SIMMs:
3-10
1
Remove the computer’s cover as described on page 3-2.
2
Remove any option cards that may be blocking your access to the SIMM sockets (see
page 3-5).
3
The SIMM sockets are located near the front of the computer. Install the first SIMM
in the socket farthest from the edge of the main system board. Note that both SIMM
sockets must be occupied with the same size SIMM or the system will not work
properly.
4
Position each SIMM so its component side is toward the left side of the computer;
then insert it in the socket at a slight angle. (See Figure 3-7.)
5
Gently press down on the SIMM and, at the same time, press the top corners forward
until the SIMM is vertical and clicks into place between the metal clips and the
retaining posts. Make sure the SIMM is fully inserted into the socket and that the
retaining post pins fit into the holes at each end of the SIMM.
6
Repeat steps 4 and 5 for each SIMM you want to install.
7
Replace any option cards you removed and the cover.
8
Run the SETUP program immediately in order to update the computer’s configuration
with the new memory information.
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Installing Another Processor
You can install a future Intel OverDrive processor in the Epson NX system, when it becomes
available.
Caution You must observe strict anti-static procedures to avoid
damaging the CPU as you install or remove it.
Follow these steps to install the CPU in socket U5:
1
Remove the cover (see page 3-2) and any option card that may be in the way of
accessing the socket (see page 3-5). Remove any attached heat sink.
2
Raise the lever up and over the ZIF socket (see Figure 3-8). This will release the
pressure holding the legs of the CPU in the socket.
3
Gently lift the CPU out of the socket and place it in an anti-static bag for protection.
Figure 3-8 Removing/Installing the Processor
4
Locate the orientation dot in one corner of the new CPU and turn the CPU so that the
dot is in the position shown in Figure 3-8. Be sure the dot is aligned with the corner
that has a ” 1” printed on the system board.
Caution If you insert the CPU in the wrong position, you could
permanently damage it.
5
Gently lower the CPU into the ZIF socket and raise the lever up over the socket so
that it locks in place. Examine the CPU to be sure it is inserted all the way into the
socket and is secure.
6
Attach a heat sink to the top of the CPU.
7
Replace any option card removed and the cover.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-11
System Unit
8
Run the SETUP program immediately to update the computer’s configuration with the
new information.
Removing a Drive From the Horizontal Position
Follow these steps to remove a drive from a horizontal position:
1
Remove the computer’s cover (see page 3-2).
2
Remove the drive ribbon cable and the power supply cable from the back of the drive.
3
Remove the two front retaining screws securing the diskette drive to the chassis. Then,
gently pull the drive out from the front of the bay as shown in Figure 3-9.
Figure 3-9 Removing/Installing a Horizontal Drive
3-12
4
Keep the screws so that you can use them to install a drive later.
5
When removing the lower drive, replace the lower drive bay cover on the chassis and
on the front panel as shown in Figure 3-10.
6
If one of two hard disk drives is removed, the jumpers on the remaining hard disk
drive must be changed Check the hard disk drive documentation for details.
7
Replace the cover (see page 3-4).
8
Reconfigure the system with the SETUP utility before using the computer.
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Installing a Drive In the Horizontal Position
Note On an IDE drive, set any necessary jumpers and take note of the hard disk type
number on the label (if present); see your hard disk drive documentation for
instructions. If a second hard disk drive is installed, the jumpers on both of the hard
disk drives may need to be moved.
Follow these steps to install a drive in the horizontal position:
1
Remove the computer’s cover as described on page 3-2.
2
If you are installing a drive in the lower drive bay, remove the two retaining screws
securing the drive slot cover to the front of the lower drive bay and remove it. Also,
remove the drive slot cover from the front panel. (See Figure 3-10.) Store the cover in
a safe place.
Figure 3-10 Removing/Installing Drive Panels
3
Attach the two mounting rails to the appropriate holes on the sides of the drive with
four screws, as shown below. The mounting rails are included with the system and if
removed from a drive they should be stored in a safe place for future use.
4
If you are installing a 5¼-inch diskette drive, turn it so that the diskette drive release
latch is above the slot. If installing a 3½-inch diskette drive, turn it so that the eject
button is below the slot. If installing a hard disk drive, turn it so that the component
side is down. Align the mounting rails on each side of the drive with the notch on
each side of the drive bay and slide the drive into the bay.
5
Secure the drive mounting rails to the front of the chassis with the two retaining
screws removed in step 2 above.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-13
System Unit
6
If you are installing a diskette or tape drive in the lower drive bay, locate the diskette
drive cable; one end is connected to the upper diskette drive and the other end is
connected to the FDD interface connector (CN7). Use the middle conneCtor to connect
the second drive. If installing a hard disk drive in the lower drive bay, locate the HDD
cable; one end may be connected to an already installed hard disk drive located in the
vertical position outside of the main drive bays and the other end is connected to the
HDD interface connector (CN6). Use the middle connector to connect the second
drive if one end is already connected to a hard drive or leave the middle connector
free and use the end connector if no other HDD drive is present.
7
Ensure that the connector is aligned properly and fits properly onto the drive interface.
See Figure 3- 11.
Drive
Figure 3-11 Attaching Drive Cables
3-14
8
Locate one of the power supply cable connectors that lead from the power supply
behind the horizontal bays. The cables are labeled PA, PB, PC, and PD; plug the
appropriate size connector that is free to the power supply socket in the drive (see
Figure 3- 11).
9
Replace the cover (see page 3-4).
10
Reconfigure the system with the SETUP utility before using the computer.
Epson NX Service Manual
cable
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Removing a Hard Disk Drive From the Vertical Position
Follow these steps to remove an IDE hard disk drive in the vertical position:
1
Remove the computer’s cover as described on page 3-2.
2
Remove the HDD mounting bracket screw located on top of the drive bay as shown in
Figure 3- 12.
3
Slide the drive toward the back of the computer and gently lift out the hard drive and
its mounting bracket (the mounting bracket has tabs inserted in slots on the bottom of
the system chassis).
4
Remove the four screws located on the back of the hard drive mounting bracket to
remove the hard drive. Keep the screws so that you can use them to install a drive
later.
Figure 3-12 Removing/Installing a Vertical HDD
5
Replace the hard drive mounting bracket onto the drive bay and secure both in place
with the screw removed in step 2 above.
6
Replace the cover (see page 3-4).
7
Reconfigure the system with the SETUP utility before using the computer.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-15
System Unit
Installing a Hard Disk Drive In the Vertical Position
Follow these steps to install a hard disk drive:
Note On an IDE drive, set any necessary jumpers and take note of the hard disk type
number on the label (if present); see your hard disk drive documentation for
instructions.
Remove the computer’s cover as described on page 3-2.
Remove the HDD mounting bracket screw located on top of the drive bay.
Slide the bracket toward the back of the computer to release the two bottom tabs from
the slots located on the bottom of the system chassis and gently lift it out.
3-16
4
Secure the hard disk drive onto the mounting bracket with the four screws located as
shown in Figure 3- 12.
5
Align the tabs of the mounting bracket with the slots in the bottom of the system
chassis; then slide the bracket toward the front of the computer. Secure the bracket
with the screw removed in step 2 above.
6
Plug the drive and power cables into the drive (see Figure 3-l 1). If required, connect
the drive data cable to the system board. Be sure that you plug the connectors all the
way into their sockets.
7
Replace the cover (see page 3-4).
8
Reconfigure the system with the SETUP utility before using the computer.
Epson NXService Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Removing the Power Supply
Follow these steps to remove the power supply:
1
Remove the computer’s cover as described on page 3-2.
2
Disconnect the power cables (connectors PA through PD) from all disk drives. Some
of the cables may not be in use.
3
Disconnect the grounding wire located on the front of the chassis (see Figure 3-13).
4
Remove the two screws securing the power on/off switch to the front panel and pull
the switch back toward the power supply (see Figure 3-13).
5
Remove any option cards and the option card riser board (see page 3-8).
6
Disconnect the power cable connectors PS1 and PS2 from the system board (CN13).
7
Remove the four screws securing the power supply to the rear panel.
8
Remove the two screws securing the power supply to the base of the system chassis
and then the two screws attaching the power supply chassis bracket. Save all screws
and the power supply chassis bracket to reinstall the power supply later.
9
Pull the power supply toward the front of the chassis until the back of the power
supply has cleared the rear panel. Then lift it up and set it aside.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-17
System Unit
Reinstalling the Power Supply
Follow these steps to reinstall the power supply:
Position the main chassis so its right side is facing you.
Attach the power supply chassis bracket to the power supply with two screws.
Align the holes between the power supply and the rear panel and the stand-offs where
the power supply chassis bracket will be secured.
Using four screws, secure the power supply to the rear panel.
Using two screws, secure the power supply chassis bracket to the chassis.
Connect the power cables PSI and PS2 from the power supply to the system board
connector CN13 (see Figure 3-14).
PS2
PSl
Figure 3-14 Power Supply Power Cables
3-16
7
Reinstall the option card riser board and any option cards (see page 3-8).
8
Push the power switch through the front panel and secure it in place with two screws.
9
Connect the grounding wire to the front of the chassis.
10
Connect one power cable (connectors PA through PD) to each drive in the system (see
Figure 3-l 1). Some of the cables may not be in use.
11
Replace the cover (see page 3-4).
12
Connect the computer’s power cable from the electrical outlet to the input receptacle
located at the rear panel. Also connect any peripheral device cables that were
previously disconnected from the computer, including the keyboard and mouse.
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Removing the Speaker
Follow these steps to remove the speaker:
Remove the cover (see page 3-2) and any option cards that may be in the way (see
page 3-5).
Disconnect the speaker cable from CN3 on the system board
From the front of the chassis lift up on the lower speaker unit tab to release it from the
lower chassis mounting hole (see Figure 3-15).
From the backside of the front chassis, pull the bottom of the speaker unit up and
away from the front of the chassis.
From the backside of the speaker unit the speaker can be removed by pushing it out of
its holder.
Speaker assembly
LED assembly
Figure 3-15 Speaker and LED Assemblies
Replacing the Speaker
Follow these steps to replace the speaker:
1
From the backside of the front chassis, insert the upper tab of the speaker unit into the
upper mounting hole and lower the bottom tab of the speaker unit down and into the
lower mounting hole in the front of the chassis (see Figure 3-15).
2
Connect the speaker cable to CN3 on the system board.
3
Replace any option cards removed and the cover.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-19
System Unit
Removing the LEDs
Follow these steps to remove the LEDs:
1
Remove the cover (see page 3-2) and any option cards that may be in the way (see
page 3-5).
2
Disconnect the LED cables from CN15 and CN16 on the system board.
3
From the front of the chassis, press in on the right side of the LED unit and pull it
forward to release it from the right chassis mounting hole. (See Figure 3-15.)
4
Continue bringing the right side of the LED unit forward and away from the front of
the chassis until the left tab of the LED unit clears its mounting hole.
Replacing the LEDs
Follow these steps to replace the LED unit:
3-20
1
Ensure the LED wires are inserted through the LED access hole in the front of the
chassis. Insert the left tab of the LED unit into its mounting bracket, then swing the
right locking tab into its mounting hole. Ensure the LED wires are inserted through the
LED access hole in the front of the chassis.
2
Rush the right locking tab through its hole in the front of the chassis. (See Figure 3-15.)
3
Connect the HDD LED cable to CN15 and the speed LED cable to CN 16.
4
Replace any option cards removed and the cover.
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Removing the BIOS EPROMs
Follow these steps to remove the BIOS EPROM chips from sockets Ul and U113:
1
Remove the cover (see page 3-2) and any option cards that may be in the way (see
page 3-5).
Caution You must observe strict anti-static procedures to avoid
damaging the EPROMs as you install or remove them.
2
With a chip puller, lift each EPROM out of its socket and place it in an anti-static bag
for protection.
Replacing the BIOS EPROMs
Follow these steps to install the BIOS EPROM chips in sockets Ul and U113:
1
Remove the cover (see page 3-2) and any option cards that may be in the way (see
page 3-5).
2
Gently insert the System/VGA EPROM into socket Ul. Align the half-circle notch of
the chip with the notch of the socket to assure proper orientation (see Figure 3-16).
Figure 3-16 BIOS Chips Installation
3
Gently insert the SETUP Text EPROM into socket U113. Align the half-circle notch
of the chip with the notch of the socket to assure proper orientation (see Figure 3-16).
4
Replace the cover and any option cards removed
Epson NX Service Manual
3-21
System Unit
Removing the System Board
Follow these steps to remove the system board:
1
Remove the cover (see page 3-2), any option cards (see page 3-5), and the option card
riser board (see page 3-8).
2
Disconnect the power supply cables from CN13, any drive cables from CN6 and CN7,
the speaker and LED connectors at CN3, CN11 and CN16, any VGA feature
connector at CN17, and cables connected to the serial, parallel, mouse, video, and
keyboard ports.
3
Remove the six screws that secure the system board to the main chassis (see
Figure 3-17).
Figure 3-17 Removing/Replacing the System Board
4
3-22
Pull the system board forward then tilt it up. Then pull the system board slightly
toward you and lift it up and out of the chassis. Place the system board on an
anti-static surface or in an anti-static bag for protection.
Epson NX Service Manual
Removing and Replacing Subassemblies
Replacing the System Board
Follow these steps to replace the system board:
1
From the left side of the chassis, insert the system board into the chassis at a slight
angle.
2
Slide the far edge of the system board under the drive bay.
3
Lower the board into the chassis and position the six screw holes over the mounting
holes in the chassis.
4
Secure the board with the six retaining screws (see Figure 3-17).
5
Reinstall the option card riser board (see page 3-8) and replace any option cards (see
page 3-7).
6
Reconnect all cables and replace the cover.
Removing the Front Bezel
Follow these steps to remove the front bezel:
1
Remove the cover (see page 3-2).
2
Remove the two retaining screws located on the back side of the bezel as shown in
Figure 3-18.
Figure 3-18 Removing/Replacing the Front Bezel
3
Set the cover upside down on a smooth flat surface and locating the front bezel
locking tabs gently press down on the tabs while pulling the bezel away from the
cover.
Epson NX Service Manual
3-23
System Unit
Replacing the Front Bezel
Follow these steps to replace the front bezel:
3-24
1
Set the cover upside down on a smooth flat surface and gently push the front panel
locking tabs into the tab slots located in the front end of the cover.
2
Secure the front panel to the cover with the two retaining screws (see Figure 3-18).
3
Replace the cover (see page 3-4).
Epson NX Service Manual
Reference Materials
A
Reference Materials
Contents
Hard Disk Drive Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-l
System I/O Address Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
DM Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-5
Hardware Interrupts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-6
Connector Pin Assignments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-7
A-7
Auxiliary Fan Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-7
VGA Port Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speaker Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-8
A-8
Serial Port Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-9
Parallel Port Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-10
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IDE Hard Disk Drive Data Connector
Diskette Drive Data Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A- 11
Keyboard and Mouse Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-12
A-13
Battery Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ResetConnector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-13
Power Supply Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-14
Option Card Riser Board Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-14
HDD Access LED Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-16
Power (SPEED) LED Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-16
A-17
VGA Feature Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-18
Option Slot Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-19
Drive Power Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-19
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Intel Ether Exprcss 16C
SMC Ether Card PLUS Elite16 Combo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-20
A-21
Adaptec AHA-1540B.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
List of Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-24
Epson NX Service Manual
A-i
Figures
Figure A-l Auxiliary Fan Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-2 VGA Port Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-3 Speaker Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-4 Serial Port Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-5 Parallel Port Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-6 IDE Hard Disk Drive Data Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-7 Diskette Drive Data Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-8 Keyboard and Mouse Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-9 Battery Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-10 Reset Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-11 Power Supply Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-12 Option Card Riser Board Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A- 13 Power (SPEED) LED Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-14 HDD Access LED Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-15 VGA Feature Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A- 16 Option Slot Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-17 Drive Power Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-18 SMC Ether Card PLUS Elite 16 Combo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure A-18 Adaptec Jumper Locations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-7
A-7
A-8
A-8
A-9
A-10
A- 11
A-12
A- 13
A-13
A- 14
A-14
A-16
A-16
A-17
A-18
A-19
A-20
A-21
Tables
Table A-l
Table A-2
Table A-3
Table A-4
Table A-5
Table A-6
Table A-7
Table A-8
Table A-9
Table A- 10
Table A- 11
Table A-12
Table A-13
Table A-14
Table A-15
Table A-16
Table A-17
Table A-18
Table A-19
Table A-20
Table A-21
A-ii
Auxiliary Fan Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VGA Port Connector Pm Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Speaker Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serial Port Connector Pin Assignments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parallel Port Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IDE Hard Disk Drive Data Connector Pin Assignments. . . . . . .
Diskette Drive Data Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard and Mouse Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery Connector Pin Assignments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reset Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Card Riser Board Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . .
HDD Access LED Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power (SPEED) LED Connector Pin Assignments. . . . . . . . . . .
VGA Feature Connector Pin Assignments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Slot Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drive Power Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Intel Ether Express LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SMC Ether Card LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adaptec Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adaptec Jumper Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Epson NX Service Manual
A-7
A-7
A-8
A-8
A-9
A- 10
A-11
A-12
A-13
A-13
A-14
A-15
A-16
A-16
A-17
A-18
A- 19
A-19
A-20
A-21
A-22
Hard Disk Drive Types
Epson NX Service Manual
A-l
Had Disk Drive Types
A-2
Epson NX Service Manual
System l/O Address Map
Epson NX Service Manual
A-3
System I/O Address Map
A-4
Epson NX Service Manual
DMA Assignments
Epson NX Service Manual
A-5
Hardware Interrupts
A-6
Epson NX Service Manual
Reference MateriaIs
Connector Pin Assignments
This section describes the pin assignments of each connector in the system.
Auxiliary Fan Connector
The auxiliary fan connector (CN1) is a 2-pin connector that has no posts and is in place for
future use. Figure A-l shows the connector and Table A-l provides the pin assignments.
VGA Port Connector
The VGA connector (CN2) is a 15-pin D-shell, female receptacle accessible from the rear of
the computer. Figure A-2 shows the connector and Table A-2 provides the pin assignments.
Table A-2
VGA Port Connector Pin Assignments
Epson NX Service Manual
A-7
Connector Pin Assignments
Speaker Connector
The speaker connector (CN3) is a 4-pin, male header connector, accessible from inside the
computer and located on the system board Figure A-3 shows the connector and Table A-3
provides the pin assignments.
Serial Port Connectors
The serial ports (CN4 and CN8) are 9-pin, D-shell male connectors, accessible from the rear
of the computer. Figure A-4 shows the connector and Table A-4 provides the pin assignments.
Table A-4
Serial Port Connector Pin Assignments
A-8
Epson NX Service Manual
Parallel Port Connector
The parallel port connectar (CNS) is a 25-pin, D-shell female connector, accessible from the
rear of the computer. Figure A-5 shows the connector and Table A-5 provides the pin
assignments.
Epson NX Service Manual
A-9
Connector Pin Assignments
IDE Hard Disk Drive Data Connector
The IDE hard disk drive data connector (CN6) is a 40-pin, header connector, accessible from
inside the computer and located on the system board. Figure A-6 shows the connector and
Table A-6 provides the pin assignments.
A-10
Epson NX Service Manual
Reference Materials
Diskette Drive Data Connector
The diskette drive data connector (CN7) is a 34-pin header connector, accessible from inside
the computer and located on the system board. Figure A-7 shows the connector and Table
A-7 provides the pin assignments.
Epson NX Service Manual
A-11
Connector Pin Assignments
Keyboard and Mouse Connectors
The mouse (CN9) and keyboard (CNlO) connectors are 6-pin mini DIN receptacles,
accessible from the rear of the computer. Figure A-8 shows the connector and Table A-8
provides the pin assignments.
Note Although the keyboard and mouse connectors are physically identical, they cannot be
used interchangeably.
A-12
Epson NX Service Manual
Battery Connector
The battery connector (CNll) is a 2-pin, male header connector, accessible from inside the
computer and located on the system board Figure A-9 shows the connector and Table A-9
provides the pin assignments.
Reset Connector
The reset connector (CN12) is a 2-pin connector that has no posts and is in place for future
use. Figure A- 10 shows the connector and Table A-10 provides the pin assignments.
Figure A-10 Reset Connector
Table A-10
Reset Connector Pin Assignments
Epson NX Service Manual
A-13
Connector Pin Assignments
Power Supply Connectors
The power connector (CN13) is a 12pin male header connector. It is located on the system
board and supplies power to the board and the option slots. Figure A- 11 shows the connector;
Table A- 11 provides the pin assignments.
Figure A-11 Power Supply Connector
Table A-11
Power Connector Pin Assignments
Option Card Riser Board Connector
The riser board connector (CN14) is a 120-pin, female recepticle that supplies power and
interface lines to the four option slots on the riser board. Figure A-12 shows the connector
and Table A-12 provides the pin assignments.
A-14
Epson NX Service Manual
Reference Materials
Table A-12
Option Card Riser Board Connector Pin Assignments
Epson NX Service Manual
A-15
Connector Pin Assignments
HDD Access LED Connector
The HDD access LED connector (CN15) is a 2-pin, male header connector, accessible from
inside the computer and located on the system board Figure A-14 shows the connector and
Table A-13 provides the pin assignments.
Power (SPEED) LED Connector
The Power LED connector (CN16) is a 3-pin, male header connector, accessible from inside
the computer and located on the system board. Figure A-13 shows the connector and Table
A-14 provides the pin assignments.
Figure A-13 Power (SPEED) LED Connector
Table A-14
Power (SPEED) LED Connector Pin Assignments
A-16
Epson NX Service Manual
VGA Feature Connector
The VGA Feature connector (CN17) is a 26-pin header, accessible from the inside of the
computer. Figure A-15 shows the connector and Table A- 15 provides the pin assignments.
Figure A-15 VGA Feature Connector
Epson NX service Manual
A-17
Connector Pin Assignments
Option Slot Connectors
The option slot connectors on the riser board are 98-pin, female receptacles. Figure A-16
shows one of these connectors and Table A-16 provides the pin assignments.
Figure A-16 Option Slot Connector
Table A-16
Option Slot Connector Pin Assignments
A-16
Epson NX Service Manual
Drive Power Connectors
Connectors PA through PC are functionally the same and provide power to disk and tape
drives. PD has a different shape, but has the same pin assignments. Figure A-17 shows one
of the connectors. Table A-17 provides the pin assignments.
Intel Ether Express 16C
The Intel EtherExpress 16C is a 16-bit, ISA-compatible Ethernet adapter card that supports
BNC coax (thin Ethernet), AUI DB-15S (thick Ethernet), and RJ45 (10BaseT Ethernet). The
card is software configurable for I/O address, IRQ, connector type, and I./O or
memory-mapped buffering. A diagnostic utility is included.
Table A-18
Intel EtherExpress LED Indicators
Epson NX Service Manual
A-19
Connector Pin Assignments
SMC Ether Card PLUS Elite16 Combo
The SMC EtherCard PLUS Elite16 Combo is a 16-bit, ISA-compatible Ethernet adapter card
that supports UTP, BNC coax (thin Ethernet), AUI DB-15s (thick Ethernet). The card is
software configurable for I/O address, IRQ, connector type, and I/O or memory-mapped
buffering. A diagnostic utility is included.
By default this card uses I/O address 280, IRQ3, and RAM base address D0000. You can
move jumper W 1, shown in the figure above, to SOFT to use the adapter setup program to
select the I/O address, IRQ, and RAM base address; or move it to 300, 10, CC000 to select
I/O address 300, IRQlO, and RAM base address CC000.
Table A-19
SMC EtherCard LEDs
A-26
Epson NX Service Manual
Adaptec AHA-1504B
Figure A-19 Adaptec Jumper Locations
Table A-20
Adaptec Default Settings
Epson NX Service Manual
A-21
Connector Pin Assignments
Table A-21
Adaptec Jumper Settings
A-22
Epson NX service Manual
Adaptec Jumper Settings Continued
Epson NX Service Manual
A-33
List of Abbreviations
List of Abbreviations
A-24
Epson NX Service Manual
Reference Materials
Epson NX Service Manual
A-25
System Utilities
System Utilities
Contents
Running the SETUP Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the SETUP Program Stored in ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The SETUP Screens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Date and Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Processor Speed Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Fast Boot Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the System and Video BIOS Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Keyboard Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installed Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Built-in I/O Port Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Parallel Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Speaker. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Internal Diskette Drive Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Internal Hard Disk Drive Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network Server and Password Status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Network server mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Password security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installed Diskette Drive(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installed Hard Disk Drive(s). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Drive Types. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining Your Own Drive Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Non-cache Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Cache Test and User Control Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the High Vertical Refresh Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving Your Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-l
B-2
B-2
B-3
B-4
B-6
B-7
B-7
B-8
B-8
B-9
B-9
B-9
B-9
B-9
B-9
B-10
B-10
B-10
B-10
B-11
B-11
B-11
B-11
B-12
B-13
B-14
B-14
B-14
Performing System Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the System Diagnostics Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Tests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resuming From an Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Diagnostics Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-15
B-16
B-17
B-18
B-19
B-20
B-21
B-22
Formatting a Hard Disk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Formatting a New Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reformatting a Used Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting an Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting a Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-24
B-24
B-25
B-25
B-25
B-25
Epson NX Service Manual
B-i
Option 1, Format. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modifying the Defective Track Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Formatting the Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option 2, Destructive Surface Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option 3, Non-destructive Surface Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exiting the Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-26
B-27
B-28
B-29
B-30
B-30
Additional Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-31
B-31
Changing the Processor Speed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparing the Hard Disk for Moving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-31
Tables
Table B-l
Table B-2
Table B-3
Table B-4
Table B-5
Table B-6
Table B-7
Table B-8
B-ii
SETUP Keycommands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processor Speed Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I/O Address Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Non-cache Address Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vertical Refresh Rate Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System DiagnosticsTests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Diagnostic Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ESPEED Command Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Epson NX Service Manual
B-3
B-6
B-10
B-13
B-14
B-21
B-22
B-31
System Utilities
Running the SETUP Program
If components were removed from, replaced, or upgraded in the computer, run the SETUP
program to define the new system configuration. The SETUP program is stored in the
computer’s read-only memory (ROM) and is available during power-on diagnostics and after
a computer reset by pressing F2.
SETUP allows verification or change to the following:
P
Current date and time
P
Installed base and extended memory
0
Various processor speed settings
0
Fast boot option
0
Location of the built-in video BIOS
LJ
System and video shadow RAM address operation
Li
Keyboard delay, speed, and num lock status
0
Installed equipment detected
0
Parallel and serial port operation and address assignments
cl
Speaker operation
cl
Built-in diskette drive and hard disk drive controller operation
cl
Password and network server mode operation
cl
Type(s) of diskette and hard drive(s) installed
a
Cache, cache testing, and non-cacheable address operation for internal cache in the
i486DX2/66 microprocessor
cl
High vertical refresh rate setup.
Note If someone has set a password, you may need to move jumper J13 from the B position
(enabled) to the A position (disabled) to access the computer.
The configuration defined through SETUP is stored in CMOS RAM. This memory is backed
up by a battery, so it is not erased when the computer is turned off or reset. At power on and
reboot, the computer checks the CMOS RAM settings, and if it finds a difference between
the information in the CMOS RAM and the actual hardware configuration, it prompts you to
run SETUP. You see a message like the example message below:
Memory size mismatch
(Run SETUP)
Press <F2> to run SETUP
(Resume = <Fl> key)
If this happens, press F2 to run SETUP and correct the setting.
Epson NX Service Manual
El
Running the SETUP Program
Starting the SETUP Program Stored in ROM
To start SETUP, make sure there is no diskette in the diskette drive. Then turn on the
computer. (If the computer is on, press Ctrl, Alt, Del to reset it; or turn it off, wait 20
seconds, and then turn it on again.) As soon as you see the following prompt, press F2:
Press <F2> to run SETUP
Note If you do not press F2 within five seconds, the computer tries to load the operating
system and you will not be able to run SETUP from the system ROM. If this
happens, reset the computer to try again
The SETUP Screens
After pressing F2 or entering SETUP at the MS-DOS prompt, you see the first screen of
SETUP information:
There are several screens of SETUP options. A box in the lower left comer continuously
displays the current date and time. The help lines at the bottom of the screen list some of the
keys you can press to perform various SETUP options.
You can change most of the SETUP options listed in this appendix; however, the program
automatically sets the following options which cannot be changed:
B-2
cl
Base memory
0
Extended memory
cl
Number of diskette drives installed
cl
Video type.
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Selecting Options
A solid cursor bar highlights the option currently selected. You can scroll through the options
using the up and down arrow keys ( or ). When you reach an option you want to change,
press Enter to edit the option. Then press the + or - keys on the numeric key pad or the
keyboard - or shift + to toggle between choices. When the setting is correct, press or
to go to the next option.
Table B-l lists the keys you can use to perform all SETUP operations.
Table B-l
SETUP Key commands
Epson NX Service Manual
B-3
Running the SETUP Program
Setting the Date and Time
To change the date and/or time, follow these steps:
1
Press F3. You see the date prompt:
2
The cursor flashes in the month (mm) field. If the entire date is correct, press Enter
and go to step 5.
If the date needs to be changed, type two digits for the current month, such as 09 for
September. The cursor moves to date (dd) field.
3
Type the current, two-digit date, and the cursor moves to the year (yyyy) field.
4
Type four digits for the year, for instance 1999, and press Enter. (If you make a
mistake, press Backspace to erase the characters before you press Enter.)
If an invalid date (such as month 13) is entered, the date prompt will flash on the
month (mm) field again. Follow steps 2 through 4 again and enter a valid date.
B-4
Epson NX Service Manual
5
Now you see the time prompt:
If the time is correct, press Enter.
If the time needs to be changed, type in the current hour (hh), then minutes (mm), and
then seconds (ss) according to a 24-hour clock (For example, 5 p.m. would be hour
17.) Then press Enter. (If you make a mistake, press Backspace to erase the
characters before you press Enter.)
If an invalid time (such as hour 25) is entered, the time prompt will flash on the hour
(hh) field again. Repeat step 5 again and enter a valid date.
The time prompt disappears and the date and time set is displayed on the screen.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-5
Running the SETUP Program
Setting the Processor Speed Options
There are three processor speed options available to customize the system’s processing speed.
The table below lists these options and their default settings.
Table B-2
Processor Speed Options
The Auto speed and Power-on low speed optionsahowthecomputer’s
processor to operate at one of three different speeds: high, low, and automatic speed.
Note When the processor is running at high speed, the SPEED light on the front panel is
green; when it runs at low speed, the SPEED light is amber.
The automatic setting causes the system to run at low speed when a diskette drive is accessed
and at the high speed at all other times.
The Software sgeed change option disables the keyboard speed changing
commands if they are not compatible with certain application programs. The default is
Disabled.
B-6
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Setting the Fast Boot Option
Enabling the Fast boot option allows the power-on diagnostic testing to skip certain
system memory tests. The default is Disabled.
Setting the System and Video BIOS Options
The computer’s shadow RAM feature copies the contents of the system and video BIOS
ROM (and any external BIOS ROM installed) into RAM so the computer can perform
certain operations faster.
The computer enables shadow RAM automatically. However, there are two SETUP options
to control the memory addresses the computer uses for shadow RAM: On-board
video BIOS location at and Shadow RAM areas.
The default setting of the video BIOS ROM is memory address C000h, which allows the
computer to use AT-compatible software. For PS/2-compatible software, change the
On-board video BIOS located at address to E000h.
To exclude certain portions of RAM (up to 12,16KB address areas) from being used for
Shadow RAM areas, press the End key to go to the bottom of the options menu. Then
enable or disable shadow RAM in these address ranges:
cl
*C000h-C3FFFh
cl
*C400h-C7FFFh
cl
*CS00h-CBFFFh
cl
*CC00h-CFFFFh
P
D000h-D3EEFh
0
D400h-D7FFFh
cl
D800h-DBFFFh
cl
DC00h-DFFFFh
cl
E000h-E3FFFh
cl
E400h-E7FFFh
cl
E800h-EBFFFh
cl
EC00h-EFFFFh.
* These four addresses default to enabled. If you attempt to change the setting the following
message appears:
Warning! On-board video BIOS must be shadowed - enabling at C000
The default setting for all these address areas is Enabled. To disable shadow RAM at an
address, select the area and press Enter then press
or
to change the setting to
Disabled.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-7
Running the SENTUP Promgram
Setting the Keyboard Options
There are four keyboard options available:
0
Keyboard function
0
Keyboard delay
cl
Keyboard speed
0
Num Lock status after boot.
The Keyboard function must he set to its default setting (Enabled) to change the
delay and speed setting. The Num Lock status after boot setting can he
changed anytime.
The Keyboard delay default setting is 250 ms, or ¼ second The options are 0,
250, 500, 750, or 1000 milliseconds (ms).
The Keyboard speed default setting is 020 kps (keys per second). The options are
any speed between 002 and 031 kps.
The Num Lock status after boot default setting is ON. The option is
OFF.
Installed Equipment
Setup displays information about the following equipment (except for math coprocessor,
these fields are non-editable):
Number of diskette drives
B-8
0
Video type
cl
Math coprocessor.
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Setting the Built-in l/O Port Options
The I/O (input/output) port options let you define how the following ports operate:
LJ
Primary parallel port (LPTl)
cl
Primary serial port (COMl)
0
Secondary serial port (COM2)
Li
Speaker
D
Diskette drive controller
cl
Hard disk controller.
Setting the Parallel Port
The parallel port’s default setting is Enabled which designates it as LPT1. If the Primary
parallel port is to he ignored as LPTl change the setting to D i s a b l e d .
Setting the Serial Port
The primary and secondary serial port default settings are Enabled, which designates them
as COMl and COM2 respectively. If one of the ports is to he ignored as COMl or COM2,
change the setting to Disabled This may he necessary if a FAX/modem hoard is
installed.
Setting the Speaker
The speaker’s default setting is Enabled which allows the speaker to beep during certain
operations. To turn the speaker off change the setting to D i s a b l e d .
Setting the Internal Diskette Drive Controller
The internal diskette drive controller’s default setting is Enabled which allows the internal
diskette drive controller to function. To override the internal diskette drive controller function
change the setting to Disabled.
Setting the Internal Hard Disk Drive Controller
The internal hard disk drive controller’s default setting is Enabled which allows the
internal hard disk drive controller to function. To override the internal hard disk drive
controller function change the setting to D i s a b l e d .
Epson NX Service Manual
B-9
Running the SETUP Program
Setting the Port Configuration
The I/O (input/output) port address options let you define the address for the following ports:
Primary parallel port
Primary and secondary serial ports.
The table below list the I/O address options for each port.
Table B-3
I/O address options.
Network Server and Password Status
The password status options let you define the password for the following:
cl
Network server mode
Cl
Password security
a
Password.
Setting the Network sewer mode
The network server’s default setting is Not installed. To install the network server
security mode change the setting to I n s t a l l e d .
Setting the Password security
The default setting is Not installed. To install a password change the setting to
Installed.
B-10
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Setting the Password
The default setting is Not set. To set a password press Enter. You see the message
below on the help line:
<F2> sets password
Note Change the settingsof Password security and/or Network server
security from Disabled to Enabled before setting a password.
Press F2 and you see the prompt Enter Power on Password. Type in your
password and press Enter. The Password option setting changes to Set.
Note If someone has set a password, you may need to move jumper J13 from the B position
(enabled) to the A position (disabled) to access the computer.
Installed Diskette Drive(s)
SETUP automatically detects the number and type of diskette drives in the system as shown
in the Diskette Drives option. The options are:
P
Not installed
cl
360KB 5.25”
cl
720KB 3.5”
cl
1.2MB 5.25”
P
1.4MB 3.5”.
Installed Hard Disk Drive(s)
SETUP lets you select the type of hard disk drive(s) installed in the computer. Follow these
guidelines to choose the correct setting for each drive:
cl
If the system does not have a hard drive, select Not installed for drives 1 and
2. If one hard disk drive is installed, select Not installed for drive 2.
cl
If a Conner 170MB hard disk drive is installed as drive 1, select type 26.
0
If a Quantum 240MB hard disk drive is installed as drive 1, select type 34.
ci
If a Quantum 525MB SCSI drive is installed as drive 1, select Not installed.
cl
If another type of hard disk drive is installed, select the drive type that matches the
drive. See “Hard Disk Drive Types” below.
Hard Disk Drive Types
The table in Appendix A lists the types of standard hard disk drives that can be installed in
the computer. Check this table and the documentation that is supplied with the hard disk
drive to determine the correct type number for the drive. If none of the drive types listed
matches the drive, see “Defining Drive Type" below.
Note The SETUP program Hard Drive options do not list the Precomp or Land
zone parameters for the hard drive types. These parameters are included in the table in
Appendix A.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-11
Running the SETUP Program
Defining Your Own Drive Type
If the parameters for the hard disk (listed in its documentation) do not match any of the types
listed in Appendix A, you can define your own type. Follow these steps:
1
Highlight the Hard disk 1: or Hard disk 2 : option, and press Enter.
2
Use the numeric keys along the top of the keyboard or the numeric keypad to enter the
appropriate values for these parameters:
Enter number of cylindera on disk
Enter number of cylinder heads
Enter number of sectors per track
The total amount of storage capacity on the disk is calculated by SETUP automatically
based on the other values entered.
Press Enter after typing each number. If you enter an invalid number, the computer
beeps and does not go on to the next parameter. Check the drive documentation and
try again.
B-12
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Setting the Non-cache Areas
The computer automatically caches all the system memory except two non-cache address
areas listed in the table below. You can enable or disable caching in any of the six, System
Defined Cache Control Areas and two sets of additional User Defined non-cached Areas (also
listed in the table below).
Note The computer does not cache any RAM that is installed on an option card.
Certain address areas may be disabled to avoid memory conflicts if an option card or other
device uses the same address area.
If you set any user-defined non-cache areas, SETUP automatically sets the high address at
least 4KB higher than the corresponding low address.
To change the setting of a system-defined non-cache area, select the address area and press +
or - to choose enabled or disabled
To disable caching in a user-defined non-cache area, set the beginning address of the range in
the low address option; then set the ending address in the corresponding high address option.
First highlight the low address option and press Enter. Then press + or - to scroll through
the addresses in 4KB increments; or press Pg Up or Pg Dn to scroll in 256KB increments.
Once the low address is set, set the corresponding high address in the same manner.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-13
Running the SETUP Program
Setting the Cache Test and User Control Options
Using SETUP, you can enable or disable the computer’s internal cache (built into the
microprocessor) or external cache (built into an optional cache module). The default setting
for both cache options is Enabled.
Disable the cache if it malfunctions or if you are using timing-loop-dependent software that
requires a slower system speed.
Power-on diagnostic testing of the cache can also be disabled, if you are receiving cache
errors that prevent you from using the computer. The default setting is Enabled.
Setting the High Vertical Refresh Rate
SETUP allows you to set the vertical refresh rare for system screen resolutions. The default
rates and optional settings are shown in the table below:
Table B-5
Vertical Refresh Rate Options
Saving Your Settings
After you have made your selections for SETUP, press Esc to exit. You see the following
prompt:
Save and Exit
No Save and Exit
Return to Setup
To save the settings in the CMOS RAM, highlight Save ,and exit and press Enter.
To exit SETUP without saving your changes, press / to highlight No Save and Exit;
then press Enter. To remain in SETUP, select Return to Setup and press Enter;
the exit menu disappears.
Note You can also save your settings and remain in SETUP by pressing F1O any time in
the program. You see a message Changes Saved; then press any key and return
to SETUP.
If you saved your changes, the SETUP program resets your system and the computer
performs its power-on diagnostic tests (except if you are using the SETUP program on the
Reference disk).
If power-on diagnostics detects a problem, however, you see an error message and a prompt
to run SETUP. Follow the instructions on the screen to run SETUP again to correct it. (You
may need to turn the computer off and then on again.)
B-14
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utiliti8s
Performing System Diagnostics
This section describes how to test the operation of your computer and its peripheral devices
using the System diagnostics program on your Reference diskette. Run the diagnostics
program if you are not sure whether a device is performing correctly. The table at the end of
this appendix lists the error messages you may see during testing
You can test the following devices using System diagnostics:
System board
cl
Numeric coprocessor
cl
System memory
0
Diskette drive(s)
Li
Hard disk drive(s)
P
Serial ports
Ll
Parallel port(s)
cl
Video adapter
cl
Dot matrix printer(s).
Note When performing diskette and hard disk diagnostics, the Write/Read function checks
may destroy data on the disk Be sure to back up any data on your hard disk or insert
a blank, formatted diskette before you run this test. Also, be sure to do this if you
select Run all above checks.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-15
Performing System Diagnostics
Starting the System Diagnostics Program
Follow these steps to start the System diagnostics program:
1
Insert the Reference diskette in drive A and turn on the computer.
Note Always boot the computer from the Reference diskette to start System diagnostics.
This clears any terminate-and-stay-resident (TSR) programs or other utilities from
memory and frees it for use by the diagnostics program.
2
At the A: prompt, type DIAG and press Enter.
3
You see a menu bar at the top of the screen with Items Detected highlighted
Press Enter.
4
You see a list of all the testable devices the computer detects in your system. If the
list is correct, go to page B-19.
5
If the list is not correct, press + to select Quit and press Enter. Run the SETUP
program to make sure any missing devices ate configured properly.
When the list is correct, you can run diagnostic tests on each device. If you do not
want to test a device, you can remove it from the list. You can also add a device to
the list.
B-16
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Deleting Tests
To remove devices from the Items Detected list so the system diagnostics program cannot
test them, follow these steps:
1
Press + to select Delete Tests. You see the Delete menu, as shown below:
2
Press or
to highlight the device you want to delete and press Enter. The device is
removed from the Delete menu. You can delete as many devices as you want.
3
When you are finished deleting devices, press <- to select Execute; see “Running
Tests” on page B-19.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-17
Performing System Diagnostics
Adding Tests
If you want to add devices to the Items Detected list, follow these steps:
1
Press <- or -> to select Add Tests. You see the following Add menu:
2
Press or
to highlight the device you want to add and press Enter. The device is
removed from the Add menu and added to the Items Detected list. You can add as
many devices as you want.
3
When you are finished adding devices, press <- to select Execute. Then see the
next section.
B-18
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Running Tests
Follow these steps to run a test from the Execute menu:
1
Press <- or -> to select Execute. You see the following Execute menu:
Epson NX Service Manual
B-19
Performing System Diagnostics
3
If there is only one test for a device, the program begins testing immediately. If there
is more than one test for the device, you see a submenu.
4
Note If you selected to run the tests more than once, you do not see a submenu. The
program immediately begins executing all the tests that do not destroy data.
5
When the test is completed, you see the Execute menu or the test submenu again.
You can select another test or exit the menu.
6
To exit system diagnostics, press -> to select Quit and press Enter. You return to
the operating system command prompt.
Resuming From an Error
If an error prevents a test from running, you see a Runtime Error information box. Follow
the instructions on the screen to solve the problem.
If an error occurs during a test, the test stops and an error message appears. Follow the
instructions on the screen to print the message or to continue without printing it.
For a complete list of the error messages the program may display, see the table at the end of
this chapter.
B-20
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
System Diagnostics Tests
The table below lists all the system diagnostics tests you can run on your system.
Table B-6
System Diagnostics Tests
*The Write/Read check destroys data on the disk. Be sure to back up data on a hard
disk or insert a blank diskette
Epson NX Service Manual
B-21
Performing System Diagnostics
Error Messages
The following table lists all the error messages that may appear during system diagnostics
testing.
Table B-7
System Diagnostics Error Messages
B-22
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Epson NX Service Manual
B-23
Formatting a Had Disk
Formatting a Hard Disk
This section describes how to low-level (or physically) format a hard disk. This procedure
should not be confused with the logical format performed by the operating system. The
physical formatting of a hard disk is a separate step that is usually done at the factory by the
disk manufacturer.
If the computer came with a factory-installed hard disk, or if you installed an optional IDE
hard disk from Epson, it has already been physically formatted. You need only follow the
instructions in the operating system manual to prepare the hard disk for use.
You may need to use the procedure in this section to physically format a hard disk if you
installed a non-Epson hard disk in the computer that has never received the low-level format
and did not come with its own format utility. If you installed a hard disk that came with its
own format utility, use that program to physically format the disk.
Caution Physically formatting a hard disk erases any data it contains.
Be sure to back up any data on the hard disk before you format it. In
addition to destroying all the data on the hard disk, formatting removes
any partitions and logical formatting defined on the disk by the operating
system. After you physically format a new or used hard disk, you need to
logically format the disk again using the operating system.
Starting the Program
Follow these steps to start the hard disk formatting program:
1
Insert the Reference diskette in drive A and start the system.
2
Type
HDFMTALL
and press Enter.
You see the Hard Disk Format Menu:
1 - Format
2 - Destructive surface analysis
3 - Non-destructive surface analysis
0 - Exit
The option you choose depends on whether you are formatting a new disk or
reformatting a used disk. The options work as follows:
cl
Format first scans the disk for defective (bad) tracks (if it has no defective track
table) and lets you decide which tracks to mark as bad. Then it formats the disk and
marks the bad tracks so they are never used to store data.
0
D e s t r u c t i v e surface analysis tests the entire disk for read/write errors or
unflagged bad tracks and updates the defective track table. Because this option writes
and reads data on the disk, it destroys all data on any track that produces an error. YOU
cannot run this test on a disk that has never been formatted.
cl
Non-destructive surface analysis checks the disk for unflagged bad
tracks without destroying data. You cannot run this test on a disk that has never been
formatted.
B-24
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Fomatting a New Disk
To format a new hard disk that has never been formatted, select the Format option. You
may need to modify the defective track table to add bad tracks when you format the disk
Many hard disk drives come with a printed list of bad tracks, but the bad tracks am not
flagged on the disk Other hard disks (such as Epson’s disks) come with the bad tracks
already flagged.
Reformatting a Used Disk
To reformat a disk you have been using, follow these steps:
1
Use the Non-destructive surface analysis option to check for unflagged
bad tracks.
2
If errors occur during the non-destructive surface analysis, back up your hard disk to
diskettes.
3
Run the Destructive surface analysis option to update the defective track
table.
4
Run the Format option to format the disk.
Selecting an Option
When you use this program, you often need to select an option from a menu. There am two
ways to do this:
) to highlight the option and press Enter.
cl
Use the arrow keys (
cl
Type the number of the option and press Enter.
You can select almost any option that appears on the screen using either method.
Selecting a Drive
If you have more than one hard disk drive, you see this prompt:
Enter drive number ? (l/2)
Select 1 for the first hard disk or 2 for the second hard disk Then see the instructions below
for the Hard Disk Format Menu option you want to use.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-25
Formatting a Had Disk
Option 1, Format
If you select Format from the Hard Disk Format Menu, you see the following (for a disk
with no defective track table):
Format Hard Disk < Drive n: >
Scan hard disk to get defective track information? (Y/N)
(If the disk already has a defective track table, you do not see this because you do not need
to scan for bad tracks.)
1
Enter Y to scan the disk or N to skip the scanning process.
If you select Y, the program scans the disk and displays these messages during the
process:
Scanning for flagged bad tracks...
Head : nnn Cylinder : nnnnn
You see the head and cylinder numbers decrease as the program progresses. After
scanning the disk, the program displays the results, such as the following:
Scanning finished.
Count of tracks flagged bad
=
Count of tracks with other errors =
Count of good tracks
2
1
0
= 4884
Next you see the following prompt:
Accept
recomnended skewed sectors in format : 1 ? (Y/N)
For a hard disk drive installed by Epson , it is best to accept the recommended skewed
sector (also called the interleave factor) of 1, since this setting allows your drive to
perform more efficiently. For other hard disk drives, you may need to change this
value if the documentation that came with the disk recommends a different number.
To accept the default, select Y. Then go to step 3.
To enter a new value, select N. You see the following prompt:
Enter new skewed sectors in format (l-16):
Enter the recommended number, which equals the maximum sector number for the
drive minus 1. Then press Enter.
3
Next you see this prompt:
Accept
recommended skewed sectors per head in format : 0 ? (Y/N)
For an Epson hard disk drive, accept the recommended value of 0. For another type
of drive, use the value recommended in the documentation for the drive.
To accept the default, select Y. Then go to step 4.
B-26
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
To enter a new value, select N. You see the following prompt:
Enter new skewed sectors per head in format (O-16):
Enter the recommended number, which equals the maximum sector number for the
drive minus 1. The maximum sector number varies, depending on the drive type.
Then press Enter.
4
The program now allows you to edit the defective track table. At the bottom of the
table is this prompt:
Modify
defective track table ? (Y/N)
Select N if you want to leave the table as it is. Then skip the next section and go to
“Formatting the Disk” on page B-28.
To add bad tracks to the defective track table, see the next section.
Modifying the Defective Track Table
If you select Y to modify the table, you see the following options at the bottom of the table:
Defective Track Table : Move box cursor to desired track with
cursor key A I Add track, C I Change track, D = Delete track,
F = Finish editing
Enter command:
To add a bad track, follow these steps:
1
Press A. You see this prompt:
Enter cylinder number (1 -nnnn):
2
Type the number of the cylinder containing the bad track and press Enter. You see
this prompt:
Enter head number (0 - nn):
3
Type the head number for the bad track and press Enter. (To cancel the operation,
press Enter without typing a value.)
When you complete a valid entry, it appears in the table and you can add the next bad track,
if necessary.
If you make a mistake, move the cursor block to the incorrect track and press C to change
the track data or D to delete the track from the table. Change the track data in the same way
as you add a track
The maximum valid cylinder number and head number (nnnn and nn) vary according to the
capacity of the hard disk If you enter an invalid cylinder or head number, a reminder of the
range of values appears and the program asks you to enter the value again.
When you finish adding all the bad tracks, press Enter without typing a value. Then check
the entries in the defective track table. When you are sure the table is correct, press F. The
program displays a warning about the consequences of proceeding with formatting, as
described in the next section.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-27
Formatting a Hard Disk
Fotmatting the Disk
When you are ready to start formatting the disk, you see the following warning:
WARNING! ALL DATA WILL BE DESTROYED IN ALL PARTITIONS OF HARD
DISK, NOT JUST IN MS-DOS PARTITION!
Do you want to start formatting ? (Y/N)
If you are not sure you want to format the hard disk, select N. If you are sure, select Y; the
program gives you one more chance to cancel:
DOUBLE CHECK THAT YOU HAVE BACKUP DISKETTE COPIES OF ALL
YOUR FILES.
Do you want to exit and check your file copies ? (Y/N)
Select Y to cancel formatting or N to continue.
If you continue with formatting, you see:
Format started.
Head :nnn
Cylinder : nnnnn
You see the head and cylinder numbers decrease as the program progresses.
When formatting is complete, the program flags any bad tracks and you see a series of
messages like these:
Format finished.
Flagging bad tracks...
Cylinder is nnnn, head is nn
Format completed.
Press Enter to return to the Hard Disk Format Menu.
B-28
Epson NX Service Manual
System Utilities
Option 2, Destructive Surface Analysis
You can perform a destructive surface analysis of your hard disk to accurately locate any bad
tracks and flag them, if they are not flagged. The test writes, reads, and verifies information
on every track of the hard disk, except for tracks that are already flagged as bad.
To start this test, select Destructive surface analysis from the Hard Disk
Format Menu. You see these messages:
Analyze Hard Disk <Drive n:>
Read/Save/Write/Read/Restore/Read check for all tracks...
Current cylinder is nnnn
As the program checks each track, it decreases the cylinder numbers to zero.
When the test is complete, the program displays a report on the status of the disk, including a
table of unflagged tracks that produced write, read errors-such as the following:
Press Enter to return to the Hard Disk Format Menu.
If the program finds an uflagged bad track, the report is followed by a table like this:
Write, Read Error Tracks
Cylinder Head Cylinder Head Cylinder Head Cylinder Head
237
2
Confirm to register the tracks in the Write, Read Error Track
Table as bad tracks.
Do you want to register the error tracks as bad tracks? (Y/N)
To flag these tracks as bad, select Y. You see a list of the tracks as they are flagged. When
the process is complete, press Enter to return to the Hard Disk Format Menu.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-29
Formatting a Hard Disk
Option 3, Non-destructive Surface Analysis
The non-destructive surface analysis does not destroy any data, and you can use it to safely
check the condition of your hard disk drive. However, this test does not flag any bad tracks
it detects.
To start the test, select Non-destructive surface analysis from the Hard Disk
Format Menu. You see these messages:
Analyze Hard Disk <Drive n:>
Read/Verify check for all tracks...
Current cylinder is nnnn
As the program checks each track, it decreases the cylinder numbers to zero. When the test
is complete, the program displays a report on the status of the disk, such as the following:
Analysis finished.
=
P
Count of tracks with read, verify errors =
n
Count of tracks flagged bad
count of good tracks
No read, verify error was detected.
If the program finds errors, the screen displays a table of the tracks that produced the errors.
Then you see this message:
Press ENTER to return to the menu.
Check the information displayed. Then press Enter to return to the Hard Disk Format Menu.
Exiting the Program
To leave the Hard Disk Format Menu, select Exit. You see the operating system command
prompt.
If you formatted the hard disk or ran the destructive surface analysis option, you must now
prepare your hard disk for use with your operating system. See your operating system
manual for instructions.
B-30
Epson NX Service Manual
Sytem Utilities
Additional Utilities
The Reference diskette contains the following additional utilities:
0
ESPEED
0
HDSIT.
Changing the Processor Speed
The computer’s processor can operate at two speeds: high or low. High speed is the highest
speed at which the microprocessor is capable of running. Low speed simulates an 8 MHz
processor to provide compatibility with older application programs.
You can also set the computer to automatic speed which switches your computer’s processor
from high to low speed when it accesses a diskette drive.
Note When your computer is operating at high speed, the power light on the front panel is
green. It is amber when the computer is operating at low speed.
There are three ways to change the processor speed:
P
Run the SETUP program
Enter a keyboard command
0
Run the ESPEED program.
The ESPEED program is useful in batch files that start applications that have key functions
that conflict with the keyboard commands. To use the program at the DOS prompt, type
option and press Enter. Table B-7 lists the options.
ESPEBD
Table B-8
ESPEED Command Options
Option
Function
I
Preparing the Hard Disk for Moving
If you need to move the computer to a new location, you may want to run the HDSIT
program provided on the Reference diskette to protect the hard disk during the move. This
program is not necessary on IDE drives as long as you do not move the system for
20 seconds after turning the power off. IDE drives automatically park the heads.
Epson NX Service Manual
B-31
C
Schematics
Contents
CPU Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Video Circuitry (Part 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System and Virtual Cache Controller Circuitry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peripheral and I/O Controller Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SIMM and Memory Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wingine and Virtual Memory Controller Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VGA Feature Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard/Mouse Controller Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Riser Board Connector Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply and Reset Circuitry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplemental PAL Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Video Circuitry (Part 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-3
C-4
C-5
C-6
c-7
C-8
C-9
c-10
c-11
C-12
C-13
c-14
Epson NX Service Manual
C-1
CPU Circuitry
Epson NX Service Manual
C-3
Video Circuitry ( Part 1 )
Epson NX Sevice Manual
C-4
System end Virtual Cache Controller Circuitry
Epson NX Servlce Manual
G5
Peripheral and I/O Controller
Circuitry
Epson NX Service Manual
C-6
SIMM and Memory
circuitry
Epson NX Service Manual
G7
Wingine/Virtual Memory Controller
circuitry
Epson NX Sew/w Manual
C-8
VGA Feature Circuitry
Epson NX Service Manual
C-9
Keyboard/Mouse Controller Circuitry
Epson NX Service Manual
C-10
Riser Board Connector circuitry
Epson NX Service Manual
C-11
Power Supply and Reset Circuitry
Epson NX Service Manual
C-12
Supplemental PAL Circuitry
Epson NX Service Manual
C-13
Video Circuitry (Part 2)
Epson NX Service Manual
C-14
Index
A
Abbreviations A-24
Abnormal shut down
2-20
Acronyms, list of A-24
Adaptec SCSI card A-21
A-22 - A-23
jumpers
Address map
memory
1-15
system I/O A-3
Agency information l-6
B
Battery
connector l-11, A-13
Beep codes
2-3, 2-6
Bezel
removing 3-23
replacing
3-24
BIOS
EPROM l-9
removing 3-21
replacing
3-21
1-16
upgrading
video B-7
Blank screen 2-8, 2- 11
Boot
errors 2-3
problems
2-14
C
Cache 1-16
test B-14
Case
construction l-9
description l-9
dimensions and weight
1-2
Chip puller
2- 1
Connector pin assignments A-7 - A- 19
Conner
l-2, 1-18 - l-20
jumpers l-20
Cooling fan 2-8
Cover
removing 3-2
replacing 3-4
CPU
controller l-9
installing
3-11
upgrading
1-5
D
Dangers, warnings, and cautions 3- 1
Date and time B-4
Diagnostic
2-1 ,2-7, B-15, B-21
error messages B-22
Diskette drive
1-18
bays
connector l-11, A-11
controller B-9
installing
3-13
mounting rails 3-13
noise 2-12
power connector A-19
problems
2-12
removing 3-12
1-18
types
DMA assignments A-5
Document sources l-6
DRAM
1-9, l-15 - 1-16
Drive types A-l
user defined B-12
E
Environmental specifications 1-7
EPROMs 1-9, 1-16
Error
beep codes 2-6
messages
2-3 ,2-12, B-22
Ethernet l-l - l-2, l-4, 1-6, A-19 -A-20
F
Fan
connector l-11, A-7
Fast boot B-7
FDISK
2-14
Feature connector (VGA)
Formatting the hard disk
Front bezel
removing 3-23
replacing
3-24
Front panel 1-3
Fuses 2-3, 2-8, 2-15, 2-19
l-11, A-17
B-24
G
General system problems
2-7
H
Harddisk 1-18
controller B-9
drive types A-1, B-11
formatting B-24
IDE connector l-l 1, A-10
installing
3-13 ,3-16
l-20 - 1-21
jumpers
Epson NX Service
Manual
Index-1
LED
3-20
LED connector l-11, A-16
mounting rails 3-13
power connector A- 19
problems
2-13
removing
3-123-15 - 3-16
specifications
1-19
Hardware interrupts
A-6
HDD LED connector
l-11, A-16
HDPMTALL utility
B-24
High vertical refresh
B-14
I
I/O address map
A-3
IDE connector l-11, A-10
Installed equipment
B-8
Integrated peripheral controller
Intel Ethernet card A- 19
Interrupts, hardware
A-6
ISA slots l-9
Mounting rails 3- 13
Mouse
Connector l-11, A-12
controller 1-9
2-19
problems
N
Network
l-l - l-2, l-4, 1-6,3-7, A-19 - A-20
card
B-10
server password status
NeXTSTEP
2-20
B-13
Non-cache areas
O
Keyboard
cable connector l-22
connector l-11, A-12
controller l-9
dimensions l-22
interface
l-22
problems
2-9
l-22
type
Keys sticking 2-10
Operating system 2-20
error messages 2-12
2-14
problems
Option card riser board
removing 3-8
replacing
3-8
Option cards
installing
3-7
2-17
problems
removing 3-5
Option slot connector A-18
Option slot cover
removing
3-6
replacing
3-6
l-9
Option slots
options l-5
Orderly shutdown 2-20
OverDrive processor
installing
3-11
removing
3-11
Overheating 2-8
L
P
LAN adapter l-l - 1-2, 14, 1-6, A-19 -A-20
LED unit
removing 3-20
replacing
3-20
Low-level format B-24
Parallel port B-9
Connector
l-11, A-9
Password security B-10
Peripheral controller l-9
PGA socket 1-2
Pin assignments
A-7 -A-19
POD 2-3, 2-7
Port configuration B- 10
Power down
2-20
Power LED
l-11
connector
speed l-3
Power supply 1-13
Connector
l-11, 1-13 - 1-14, A-14
1-14
input ranges
output
1-14
problems
2-7
l-9
Jumpers
l-11 - 1-12, l-20 - l-21, 3-5, A-20,
A-22 - A-23
K
M
Major subassemblies
disassembly
3-2
main features
l-8
Map of memory
1-15
Mass storage 1-18
Memory 1-15, 1-17
expansion 1-17
1-15
Monitor problems 2- 10
Index-2
Epson NX Service Manual
removing 3-17
replacing
3-18
shut down 2-8
Power-on diagnostics
2-3, 2-7, B-l
Problems
blankscreen
2-8, 2- 11
boot
2-14
diskette drive
2-12
general 2-7
hard disk
2-13
keyboard
2-9
lock-up 2-7
monitor 2-10
mouse 2-19
option card 2-17
overheating 2-8
parallel printer 2- 15
power 2-7
screen images
2-11
serial port 2-16
SIMM 2-18
software
2-14
starting 2-8
sticking keys
2-10
video 2-10
Processor
installing
3-11
removing 3-11
Processor speed
changing B-6
options B-6
Q
Quantum l-2, 1-18 - 1-19
jumpers l-20
R
RAM type 1-9
RAMDAC l-2
Rear panel l-4
Reference diskette 2-7
Refresh rate
B-14
Replacement modules 2-2
Reset
Connector (CN12)
A-13
Riser board connector (CN14)
ROM BIOS 2-3
S
SCSI l-l, l-3, 3-7, A-21
jumpers A-22 - A-23
Serial port
Connector
l-11, A-8
problems
2-16
settings
B-9
Service tools 2- 1
SETUP program B-l
coprocessor B-8
date and time B-4
diskette drive(s) B-8
drive controllers B-9
fast boot B-7
hard disk drive types B- 11
keyboard options B-8
parallel port B-9
port address configuration B-10
port options B-9
power-on password B- 10
processor speed B-6
refresh rate B-14
screens B-2
saving your settings B- 14
serial port B-9
shadow RAM B-7
speaker B-9
starting from ROM B-2
system defined cache control areas B-13
text messages
l-9
video type B-8
SIMM
installing
l-17, 3-10
problems
2-18
removing 3-9
sockets l-11
1-17
type
SMC Ethernet card l-2, A-20
sound card l-5
speaker
Connector
l-11, A-8
option l-5
removing 3-19
replacing
3-19
setting B-9
speed
changing
B-6
LED
3-20
System BIOS l-9, 3-21
System board
3-8, A- 14
connectors
l-11
jumpers 1-12
major components l-9
removing 3-22
replacing
3-23
System controller l-9
System diagnostics 2-7, B-15, B-21
System I/O address map
A-3
T
Time and date B-4
Epson NX Service Manual
Index-3
U
Upgrading
BIOS 1-16
CPU
l-5
v
Vertical refresh
B-14
VGA
BIOS 1-9
feature connector
l-11, A-17
l-11
port
port connector A-7
Video
BIOS B-7
DRAM 1-9, 1-16
Virtual Cache Memory Controller 1-9
z
ZIF socket l-2
Index-4
Epson NX Service Manual
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