lim-035 rev02

lim-035 rev02
MANUAL: Deluge Nozzles
With Fixed & Selectable Flow
INDUSTRIAL & MASTERSTREAM 1000
INSTRUCTIONS FOR SAFE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Read instruction manual before use. Operation of this device without understanding the
manual and receiving proper training is a misuse of this equipment. A person who has not
read and understood all operating and safety instructions is not qualified to operate the
Industrial and Masterstream nozzle.
This instruction manual is intended to familiarize firefighters and maintenance personnel
with the operation, servicing and safety procedures associated with the Industrial and
Masterstream firefighting nozzles.
This manual should be kept available to all operating and maintenance personnel.
Nozzle For Water and Foam Solutions
STRIAL NOZZL
INDUSTRIAL
350, 500 or 750 GPM @ 100 PSI
1300, 2000, or 3000 LPM @ 7 BAR (700 KPA)
MASTERSTREAM 1000
SELECTABLE
250, 350, 500, 750, 1000 GPM @ 100 PSI
500, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500 LPM @ 7 BAR (700 KPA)
selectable
1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, 3000, 4000 LPM @ 7 BAR (700 KPA)
1200, 1800, 2400, 3000, 3600, 4800 LPM @ 10 BAR (1000 KPA)
MASTERSTREAM 1000
FIXED
1000 GPM MAX @ 100 PSI
4000 LPM MAX @ 7 BAR (700 KPA)
FIXED FLOW
TASK FORCE TIPS, Inc.
Made in USA • www.tft.com
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 1998-2006
2800 E Evans Ave • Valparaiso , IN 46383-6940 USA
800-348-2686 • 219-462-6161 • Fax 219-464-7155
LIM-035 January 20, 2006 Rev03
DANGER
PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY CODE
The member companies of FEMSA that provide emergency response
equipment and services want responders to know and understand the
following:
1. Firefighting and Emergency Response are inherently dangerous
activities requiring proper training in their hazards and the use of
extreme caution at all times.
2. It is your responsibility to read and understand any user’s instructions
provided with any piece of equipment you may be called upon to use.
3. It is your responsibility to know that you have been properly trained in
Firefighting and /or Emergency Response and in the use, precautions,
and care of any equipment you may be called upon to use.
4. It is your responsibility to be in proper physical condition and to
maintain the personal skill level required to operate any equipment you
may be called upon to use.
5. It is your responsibility to know that your equipment is in operable
condition and has been maintained in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
6. Failure to follow these guidelines may result in death, burns or other
severe injury.
FEMSA
Fire and Emergency Manufacturers and Services Association, Inc.
P.O. Box 147, Lynnfield, MA 01940 • www.FEMSA.org
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
MEANING OF SAFETY SIGNAL WORDS
GENERAL INFORMATION
USE WITH SALT WATER
VARIOUS MODELS AND TERMS
PATTERN CONTROL
USE WITH FOAM
2.4.1 FOAMJET LX WITH MASTERSTREAM
NOZZLE
3.0 FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF INDUSTRIAL
NOZZLE
3.1 FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF MASTERSTREAM
SELECTABLE NOZZLE
3.2 FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF MASTERSTREAM
FIXED NOZZLE
3.3 DETERMINING FLOW WITH PRE-PIPED
MONITORS
3.4 STREAM TRAJECTORY DATA
4.0 FLUSHING DEBRIS
5.0 MAINTENANCE
6.0 WARRANTY
1.0 MEANING OF SAFETY SIGNAL WORDS
A safety related message is identified by a safety alert symbol and a signal word to indicate the level of risk involved with a
particular hazard. Per ANSI standard Z535.4-1998 the definitions of the three signal words are as follows:
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury.
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 1998-2006
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LIM-035 January 20, 2006 Rev03
2.0 GENERAL INFORMATION
The Task Force Tips Industrial and Masterstream nozzles are deluge nozzles with clean far reaching straight stream. They are
adjustable from straight stream to a dense fog pattern. Their rugged construction is compatible with the use of fresh water as well as fire
fighting foam solutions. A summary of each nozzle's characteristics is shown in the tables below.
WARNING
This equipment is intended for use by trained personnel for firefighting. Their use for other
purposes may involve hazards not addressed by this manual. Seek appropriate guidance and
training to reduce risk of injury.
FIXED FLOW NOZZLES
SERIES
FLOW
(GPM)
PRESSURE
(PSI)
FLOW
(LPM)
PRESSURE
(BAR, KPA/100)
INDUSTRIAL
350, 500, 750
100
1300, 2000, 3000
7
MASTERSTREAM
1000
CUSTOMER SPECIFIED: CUSTOMER SPECIFIED: CUSTOMER SPECIFIED: CUSTOMER SPECIFIED:
1000 GPM MAX
150 PSI MAX
4000 LPM MAX
10 BAR MAX
MASTERSTREAM SELECTABLE FLOW NOZZLES
FLOW
(GPM)
PRESSURE
(PSI)
FLOW
(LPM)
PRESSURE
(BAR, KPA/100)
250, 350, 500, 750, 1000
100
1000, 1500, 2000, 3000, 4000
7
1200, 1800, 2400, 3600, 4800
10
NOTES ON TABLES:
! 2 ½ inch NH female threads are standard. Other threads and coupling sizes can be specified at time of order.
! Industrial series nozzle is available in UNS C83600 brass or hardcoat anodized ANSI 356 aluminum.
! Masterstream series nozzle is constructed of hardcoat anodized 6061-T6 aluminum.
! Masterstream series nozzle is also available in automatic pressure control models. See catalog for details.
CAUTION
Nozzle must be properly connected. Mismatched or damaged threads may cause nozzle to leak or
uncouple under pressure and could cause injury.
CAUTION
Do not couple aluminum to brass. Dissimilar metals coupled together can cause galvanic
corrosion that can result in inability to unscrew threads or complete loss of thread engagement.
WARNING
Injury can occur from an inadequately supported nozzle. The mounting must be capable of
supporting the nozzle reaction force which can be in excess of 550 LBS (1000 GPM at 100 PSI).
WARNING
Some volatile liquids can be ignited by static discharge. Static build-up can occur from:
! Electrochemical separation of charge as water drains through low conductivity, refined
products. • Applying foam over a low conductivity liquid of sufficient depth to retain the
charge created as the foam blanket drains. • Streaming currents as water or foam is
1
introduced into the storage tank.
WARNING
Water is a conductor of electricity. Application of water solutions on high voltage equipment can
cause injury or death by electrocution. The amount of current that may be carried back to the nozzle
will depend on the following factors:
! Voltage of the line or equipment • Distance from the nozzle to the line or equipment
! Size of the stream
1
2
• Whether the stream is solid or broken
2
• Purity of the water
Electrostatic Hazards of Foam Blanketing Operations by Peter Howels. Industrial Fire Safety July/August 1993
The Fire Fighter and Electrical Equipment, The University of Michigan Extension Service, Fourth Printing 1983. Page 47.
2.1 USE WITH SALT WATER
Use with salt water is permissible provided nozzle is thoroughly cleaned with fresh water after each use. The service life of the nozzle
may be shortened due to the effects of corrosion and is not covered under warranty.
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 1998-2006
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LIM-035 January 20, 2006 Rev03
2.2 VARIOUS MODELS AND TERMS
See figures 1A, 1B and 1C for views of the Industrial and Masterstream nozzles. The Masterstream Series Nozzle is available without
halo ring. See catalog for model numbers and details.
Stream Shaper / Bumper
Halo Ring
Baffle
Nozzle For Water and Foam Solutions
STRIAL NOZZL
Coupling
FIG 1A - Industrial Nozzle
Stream Shaper / Bumper
Halo Ring
Baffle
Jam Nut
selectable
Flow Selector
Coupling
FIG 1B - Masterstream 1000
Selectable Gallonage Nozzle
FIG 1C - Masterstream 1000
Fixed Gallonage Nozzle
2.3 PATTERN CONTROL
TFT's Industrial and Masterstream nozzles have full pattern control from straight stream to wide fog. Turning the stream shaper
clockwise (as seen from the operating position behind the nozzle) moves the shaper to the straight stream position. Turning the stream
shaper counterclockwise will result in an increasingly wider pattern.
Since the stream trim point varies with flow, the stream trim point should be "trimmed" after changing the flow to obtain the straightest
and farthest reaching stream. To properly trim a stream, first open the pattern to narrow fog. Then close the stream to parallel to give
maximum reach. Note: Turning the shaper further forward will cause stream crossover and reduce the effective reach of the nozzle.
Note: Models are also available with linear (push/pull), remote electric or hydraulic actuation of the stream shaper.
2.4 USE WITH FOAM
The Industrial and Masterstream nozzles may be used with foam solutions. Refer to fire service training for the proper use of foam.
WARNING
For Class B fires, lack of foam or interruption in the foam stream can cause a break in the foam
blanket and greatly increase the risk of injury or death. Assure that: Application rate is sufficient
(see NFPA 11 or foam manufacturer's recommendations); Enough concentrate is on hand to
complete task (see NFPA for minimum duration time requirements); Foam logistics have been
carefully planned. Allow for such things as: Storage of foam in a location not exposed to the hazard
it protects; Personnel, equipment and technique to deliver foam at a rapid enough rate; Removal
of empty foam containers; Keeping clear path to deliver foam as hoses, other equipment and
vehicles are deployed.
WARNING
Improper use of foam can result in injury or damage to the environment. Follow foam
manufacturer's instructions and fire service training to avoid: Using wrong type of foam on a fire,
i.e. Class A foam on a Class B fire; Plunging foam into pools of burning liquid fuels; Causing
environmental damage; Directing stream at personnel.
WARNING
There is a wide variety of foam concentrates. Each user is responsible for verifying that any foam
concentrate chosen to be used with this unit has been tested to assure that the foam obtained is
suitable for the purpose intended.
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 1998-2006
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LIM-035 January 20, 2006 Rev03
2.4.1 FOAMJET LX WITH MASTERSTREAM NOZZLE
To increase the expansion ratio Task Force Tips "Foamjet LX" (model FJ-LX-M) may be used with the Masterstream nozzle. This low
expansion foam tube attaches and detaches quickly from the nozzle. Note: As expansion ratio is increased, the reach of the stream will
be decreased due to the greater amount of bubbles in the stream and their inability to penetrate the air. Generally, the reach with foam
is approximately 10 % less than with water only. Actual results will vary based on brand of foam, hardness of water, temperature, etc.
TASK FORCE TIPS, INC.
F390M
-LX
PATENT PENDING
FOR USE ON MASTER STREAM NOZZLES ONLY
FIG 2 - FJ-LX-M Shown on Masterstream Nozzle
3.0 FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF INDUSTRIAL NOZZLE
The Industrial Nozzle is manufactured to a predetermined fixed orifice. The orifice size is not adjustable and is specified at time of order.
350, 500 and 750 GPM flow rates at 100 PSI are available. The flow rate is marked on the nozzle's baffle. Figure 3 gives relationship of
flow and pressure for various orifice sizes.
3.1 FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF MASTERSTREAM 1000 SELECTABLE NOZZLE
The Masterstream 1000 Selectable Nozzle allows the user to select one of several orifice sizes by turning a knob at the front of the
nozzle. An indicator on the knob shows which flow has been selected. Figure 3 gives relationship of flow and pressure for various
orifice sizes.
0
FLOW (LPM)
2000
3000
1000
4000
200
180
12
G
PM
PM
@
@
10
0
10
PS
I
0P
SI
PSI
10 0
[email protected]
50
0G
80
GP
100
350
PM
120
75
0
10
0
PM
G
0
@
10
0
I
PS
8
60
4
40
PRESSURE (BAR KPA/100)
I
0 PS
@ 10
140
250
G
PRESSURE (PSI)
160
20
0
0
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900 1000 1100 1200
FLOW (GPM)
FIG 3 - Nozzle Flow Characteristics
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 1998-2006
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LIM-035 January 20, 2006 Rev03
3.2 FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF MASTERSTREAM 1000 FIXED NOZZLE
The Masterstream 1000 Fixed Flow Nozzle is set to the desired flow by adjusting the baffle and locking it in place with a jam nut. The
nozzle is adjusted and flow tested at the factory at time of order. If the baffle is moved (for example to flush the nozzle), then the baffle
must be readjusted to obtain the desired flow. Refer to figure 3.0 for baffle position to achieve a certain flow and pressure. Figure 4 gives
relationship of flow and pressure for various orifice sizes.
NOZZLE FLOW (LPM)
2000
3000
1000
4000
5000
180
NOZZLE PRESSURE (PSI)
3 turns
2 turns
160
4 turns
5 turns
6 turns 7 turns
10
140
120
8
100
6
80
60
4
40
200
300
400
500
NOZZLE PRESSURE (BAR, KPA/100)
12
600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400
NOZZLE FLOW (GPM)
FIG 4 - Nozzle flow vs. baffle turns from closed position for Masterstream Fixed Nozzle
WARNING
An inadequate supply of nozzle pressure and/or flow will cause an ineffective stream and can result
in injury, death or loss of property.
3.3 DETERMINING FLOW WITH PRE-PIPED MONITORS
The simplest procedure to determine flow is with a flow meter. If a flow meter is unavailable then the flow may be estimated using
pressure loss data between the nozzle and an in-line pressure gauge at the pump or considerably upstream from the nozzle. Data is
taken with a smooth bore nozzle and handheld pitot gauge. Note: equations assume no substantial change in elevation between inline pressure gauge and nozzle.
Step1: Determine flow of smooth bore nozzle.
Flow water with a smooth bore nozzle and record the nozzle's size, pitot pressure and in-line pressure gauge reading. The smooth
bore nozzle's flow is calculated from the Freeman formula:
Qnozzle = F x D
Where:
2
Ppitot
F =29.71 for English units (GPM, INCHES, PSI)
F=.667 for metric units (LPM, MM, BAR) Note: 1 BAR=100 KPA
Qnozzle is smooth bore nozzle flow in GPM (or LPM)
D is nozzle exit diameter in INCHES (or MM)
Ppitot is pitot pressure in PSI (or BAR)
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 1998-2006
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LIM-035 January 20, 2006 Rev03
2
Step 2: Find piping pressure loss constant.
Using the results from step 1 use the following equation to calculate the pressure
loss constant between the in-line pressure gauge and the nozzle.
2
Q smooth
C piping =
Pin-line — Ppitot
2
Where: Cpiping is pressure loss constant in GPM /PSI (or LPM /BAR)
Pinline is inline pressure gauge reading in PSI (or BAR)
2
Step 3: Calculate nozzle constant.
2
C nozzle =
2
Where: Cnozzle is the nozzle's constant in GPM /PSI (or LPM /BAR)
Qnominal
is the nozzle's nominal flow in GPM (or LPM)
Pnominal
is the nozzle's nominal pressure in PSI (or BAR)
Step 4: Calculate flow.
Using the pressure loss constant from step 2, the nozzle
constant from step 3, and the in-line pressure gauge reading,
the flow with a fixed orifice nozzle can be calculated with the
following equation.
Q nominal
Pnominal
C piping x C nozzle x P inline
(C piping + C nozzle)
Q =
Where: Q is fixed orifice nozzle's flow in GPM (or LPM)
Mount a graph or table of the results adjacent to the in-line pressure gauge. Deliver any desired flow by adjustment of pump pressure.
3.4 STREAM TRAJECTORY DATA
Figure 5 gives the stream trajectory for the Industrial and Masterstream nozzles at various pressures. The graphs represent orifice
sizes of 250, 350, 500, 750 and 1000 GPM at 100 PSI. For other orifice sizes and pressures the graphs may be interpolated.
Notes on trajectory graphs:
! Graphs show approximate effective stream trajectory at 30 degrees elevation in no wind conditions. Distance to
last water drops approximately 10% farther.
! Trajectories shown are for water. The addition of foam is expected to decrease the reach by approximately 10%.
! Tail or head winds of 20 MPH (30 KPH) may increase or decrease the range approximately 30%.
HORIZONTAL DISTANCE (METERS)
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
80
70
INDUSTRIAL AND MASTERSTREAM 1000, 75 PSI (5 BAR, 500 KPA )
60
20
50
40
METERS
VERTICAL DISTANCE (FEET)
0
D
30
A
10
B
C
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
0
120
140
160
180
200
GPM
FLOW
200
300
430
650
870
LBS
REACTION
100
140
200
300
400
CURVE
A
B
C
D
E
LPM
FLOW
830
1100
1600
2500
3300
KGF
REACTION
45
60
90
140
180
CURVE
A
B
C
D
E
GPM
FLOW
250
350
500
750
1000
LBS
REACTION
130
190
270
400
530
CURVE
A
B
C
D
E
LPM
FLOW
950
1300
1900
2800
3800
KGF
REACTION
60
80
120
180
240
10
E
20
CURVE
A
B
C
D
E
220
240
260
280
300
HORIZONTAL DISTANCE (FEET)
HORIZONTAL DISTANCE (METERS)
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
80
70
INDUSTRIAL AND MASTERSTREAM 1000, 100 PSI (7 BAR, 700 KPA )
60
50
20
METERS
VERTICAL DISTANCE (FEET)
0
D
40
30
20
10
E
A
B
10
C
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
0
180
200
HORIZONTAL DISTANCE (FEET)
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 1998-2006
7
220
240
260
280
300
LIM-035 January 20, 2006 Rev03
HORIZONTAL DISTANCE (FEET)
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
70
INDUSTRIAL AND MASTERSTREAM 1000, 150 PSI (10 BAR, 1000 KPA )
60
20
50
40
METERS
VERTICAL DISTANCE (FEET)
0
80
D
30
20
B
10
C
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
0
200
220
240
GPM
FLOW
310
430
610
920
1200
LBS
REACTION
200
280
400
600
780
CURVE
A
B
C
D
E
LPM
FLOW
1200
1600
2300
3500
4500
KGF
REACTION
90
120
180
270
350
10
E
A
CURVE
A
B
C
D
E
260
HORIZONTAL DISTANCE (FEET)
280
300
FIG 5 - Industrial and Masterstream Nozzle Stream Trajectory
4.0 FLUSHING DEBRIS
Debris in the water may get caught inside the nozzle. This trapped material will cause poor stream quality, shortened reach and
reduced flow. To remove debris trapped in the nozzle:
1) Shut off flow to the nozzle.
2) Move the stream shaper to the wide fog position.
3) For Industrial Nozzle: Unscrew baffle using a 1-1/8 inch (28mm) socket.
For Masterstream Selectable Gallonage Nozzle: Turn flow selector on front of nozzle to "FLUSH" position.
For Masterstream Fixed Gallonage Nozzle: Remove nozzle to gain access to debris.
4) Remove debris. Flow water to flush if necessary.
5) Reassemble the nozzle. Tighten the baffle on the industrial nozzle to 30 ft-lbs (40 newton-meters).
WARNING
Large amounts of debris may be unflushable and can reduce the flow of the nozzle resulting in an
ineffective flow. In the event of a blockage, it may be necessary to retreat to a safe area.
5.0 MAINTENANCE
Nozzles must be checked regularly to assure proper operation. Contact factory for parts lists and exploded views for particular
models.
6.0 WARRANTY
Task Force Tips, Inc., 2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, Indiana 46383 ("TFT") warrants to the original purchaser of its Industrial and
Masterstream series nozzles ("equipment"), and to anyone to whom it is transferred, that the equipment shall be free from defects in
material and workmanship during the five (5) year period from the date of purchase.
TFT's obligation under this warranty is specifically limited to replacing or repairing the equipment (or its parts) which are shown by
TFT's examination to be in a defective condition attributable to TFT. To qualify for this limited warranty, the claimant must return the
equipment to TFT, at 2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, Indiana 46383, within a reasonable time after discovery of the defect. TFT
will examine the equipment. If TFT determines that there is a defect attributable to it, TFT will correct the problem within a reasonable
time. If the equipment is covered by this limited warranty, TFT will assume the expenses of repair.
If any defect attributable to TFT under this limited warranty cannot be reasonably cured by repair or replacement, TFT may elect to
refund the purchase price of the equipment, less reasonable depreciation, in complete discharge of its obligations under this limited
warranty. If TFT makes this election, claimant shall return the equipment to TFT free and clear of any liens and encumbrances.
This is a limited warranty. The original purchaser of the equipment, any person to whom it is transferred, and any person who is an
intended or unintended beneficiary of the equipment, shall not be entitled to recover from TFT any consequential or incidental
damages for injury to person and/or property resulting from any defective equipment manufactured or assembled by TFT. It is agreed
and understood that the price stated for the equipment is in part consideration for limiting TFT's liability. Some states do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above may not apply to you.
TFT shall have no obligation under this limited warranty if the equipment is, or has been, misused or neglected (including failure to
provide reasonable maintenance) or if there have been accidents to the equipment or if it has been repaired or altered by someone
else.
THIS IS A LIMITED EXPRESS WARRANTY ONLY. TFT EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS WITH RESPECT TO THE EQUIPMENT ALL
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. THERE IS NO WARRANTY OF ANY NATURE MADE BY TFT BEYOND THAT STATED IN THIS DOCUMENT.
This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
TASK FORCE TIPS, Inc.
Made in USA • www.tft.com
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 1998-2006
2800 E Evans Ave • Valparaiso , IN 46383-6940 USA
800-348-2686 • 219-462-6161 • Fax 219-464-7155
LIM-035 January 20, 2006 Rev03
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