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INSTRUCTION MANUAL FOR STICK WELDING MACHINE
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION!!!
READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY
BEFORE INSTALLATION, USE, OR SERVICING OF THIS
UNIT. PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THE SAFETY RULES
AND CONTACT YOUR DISTRIBUTOR IF YOU DO NOT
UNDERSTAND SOME OR ALL OF THE POINTS COVERED IN THESE INSTRUCTIONS.
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
This manual has been prepared with the intent of instructing
the operator on how to install, operate, and properly mantain
this electric arc welding machine. This machine is a constant
current power source which can weld coated electrodes and
scratch start TIG weld.
This welding machine must be used only for the purposes
described in the instruction manual. Upon receiving and
unpacking the machine, make a careful inspection to ensure
that there are no damaged parts. Should there be a claim for
losses or damages it must be made by the purchaser directly to the shipper who handled the goods.
When requesting information about this welding machine please state the machine's part number and serial
number to ensure receiving accurate information relating to your machine.
varies according to the output current.
Output welding current.
Secondary voltage, welding current = I2.
Nominal supply voltage.
Three-phase input supply at 50 or 60 Hz.
Input Amps absorbed corresponding to dif
ferent output levels (I2).
IP21.
Machine case protection class.
The 1 in the singles digit place means that
this unit is not fit to work outdoors in the rain.
S
Fit to work in hazardous areas.
NOTE: This machine has also been designed to work
in class 3 pollution areas (see IEC 664).
I2.
U2.
U1.
3~ 50(60)Hz
I1.
2
2.1
INSTALLATION
SETUP
All connections must be made in compliance with current
regulations and in full respect of safety laws (see CENELEC
HD 427 standard).
• Assemble the parts supplied with the welding machine.
1.1 DESCRIPTION OF TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
• Remove the machine from its pallet following the instructions.
• To lift the machine use the two upper eyebolts, placing the
ropes as shown in fig.
• The handles must not be used for lifting.
IEC 974.1
This machine is manufactured according to
EN 60974.1 these international standards.
N°.
Machine Serial Number which must appear
on requests or inquiries relating to the machine.
Three-phase transformer-rectifier.
Drooping characteristic.
U0. PEAK
X.
Shielded Metal Arc Welding. (Stick Welding)
Secondary no-load voltage.Peak value.
Duty-Cycle Percentage.
The duty-cycle is the number of minutes,
expressed as a percentage, the machine
can operate (arc on) within a ten minute
period without overheating. The duty cycle
7
2.2
INPUT CONNECTIONS
• After final inspection, the welding machine should be
connected to the maximum power supply voltage indicated on the front panel.
• If you wish to change the power supply voltage:
-Set the selector switch knob to the zero position (machine off)
-Remove the selector switch knob by unscrewing the holding screw.
-Position the voltage change disk so that the selector switch
may turn only towards the desired voltage indicated on the
panel
-Insert the knob and fasten it in place with the screw.
A poorly tightened connection can cause current drops
during welding and also cause overheating of the earth
clamp and cable which can create the danger of burns.
• The weld circuit must not be purposefully placed in direct or
indirect contact with the protection lead if not in the workpiece.
• If the workpiece is intentionally connected to the system
earth by means of a protection lead, the connection has to
be as direct as possible and done with a lead that has a cross
section at least equal to that of the welding current return
cable. The lead must also be connected to the workpiece at
the same point as the return cable. A second earth clamp,
placed in the immediate vicinity, can also be used.
2.3.3 Choosing the right welding cables
• We recommend using the shortest possible welding cables
type H01 N2-D or H01 N2-E, in compliance with CENELEC
HD22.6 S1.
• Too much resistance in the welding cables can reduce the
output available for the welding.
• The performance of any arc welding machine depends, generally, on the condition of the cables and the cable connections.
2
CROSS SECTIONS OF WELDING CABLES MEASURED IN mm
• Connect supply cable: the yellow-green wire of cable must
be connected to an efficient earth point of the system, the
remaining wires should be connected to the feed line through an isolation switch placed, if possible, close to the working
area so as to switch the unit off quickly if necessary.
The magnetothermic switch capacity or of fuses in series with
switch should be equal to the current l1 absorbed by the unit.
Current l1 absorbed is known by reading the technical specifications on the unit i.e. feed voltage U1 available.
Any extensions should have adequate sections for current
absorbed l1.
2.3 OUTPUT CONNECTIONS
2.3.1. Connecting the electrode holder.
• The electrode holder must be connected to the machine in
compliance with the polarity indicated on the box of electrodes that you are going to use. When you connect the electrode holder cable and the earth cable, make sure that the
power cable terminals are well tightened.
• The jaws of the electrode holder must be kept tightened and
the surfaces must be kept in good condition to ensure good
contact with the electrode rod.
• Defective jaws will allow the electrodes to move which will
make welding difficult.
• The connection between the electrode holder cable and the
electrode holder must be well tightened.
• Use well insulated electrode holders.
• Never touch the electrode holders of two different welding
machines at the same time.
• Always avoid contact between parts of the body and the
electrode holder and/or the electrode.
2.3.2 Connecting the Earth Clamp
• Make sure that the earth clamp makes good contact with
the workpiece.
• Check that the earth cable is tightly fitted to the earth clamp;
periodically check to make sure that this connection remains
well tightened.
8
WELDING
CURRENT IN
AMPERES
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
DISTANCE FROM THE MACHINE IN METRES
15
20
30
40
45
50
60
35
35
35
50
50
50
50
35
35
50
50
70
70
90
35
50
50
70
70
95
100
35
50
70
70
95
100
150
50
70
70
95
100
150
150
50
70
95
100
150
150
200
50
95
95
150
150
200
210
NOTE: The cross sections listed in the table are those for
each single conductor (electrode holder or ground clamp).
The cross sections of the cables can be obtained by connecting in parallel 2 or 3 conductors having the same cross section. For 2example:
2
150 mm 2 = three 50 mm
cables linked together
in parallel.
2
2
200 mm = 2x95 mm cables or 3x70 mm cables linked
together in parallel.
2.3.4 Connecting two welding machines in parallel.
• Two welding machines can be connected in parallel so that
one obtains an output current greater than the output current
of each single machine.
• It is important that the positive pole of one machine is connected to the positive pole of the other machine and likewise that the negative pole of one machine is connected to the
negative pole of the other machine.
• When making this connections it is important to abide by the
cross sections shown in the table. After having connected two
machines in parallel, set the output current of each machine to the
halfway point so that each machine will produce half of its maximum output current.This is recommended in order to balance the
heat produced by each machine, thus allowing the operator to
make the best use of the duty cycles of both machines.
3 FRONT PANEL DESCRIPTION.
• Periodically clean inside the machine blowing dust and dirt
away from internal components with a light jet of dry air.
5 TROUBLESHOOTING
1- TROUBLE - The machine does not turn on
CAUSES • Input power cord not plugged in.
• One power supply phase missing.
2- TROUBLE- The machine switches on but does not
supply current.
CAUSES • Welding accessories not connected.
• Machine not connected to the right supply
voltage.
3- TROUBLE- The line fuse blows.
CAUSES • Installed line power insufficient.
Machine not connected to the right supply vol
tage.
Power transformer in short circuit.
A - Main selector switch
Turns the machine on or off
The voltage change disk is located beneath the knob
B - Carrier handles
C - Setting indicator
Indicates the welding current to which the machine is
set.
D - Welding current adjustment knob
Turn this knob clockwise to increase the current
intensity, or counter-clockwise to decrease.
E - Positive terminal
F - Negative terminal
G- On light
Indicates that the machine is running
Before using this welding machine, carefully read the
regulations CENELEC HD 407 and CENELEC HD 433.
Also make sure that the insulation on cables, torch and
earth cable is intact.
Remember! Switch machine off when not in use.
4 MAINTENANCE
WARNING:
All servicing repair must be done by qualified personnel.
• Before opening the machine case to service or repair, turn
the machine off and disconnect the plug from the power supply.
• Keep the welding cables, the electrode holder, and the earth
clamp in good condition.
4- TROUBLE- Welding current unstable or incorrect.
CAUSES • Primary or secondary connections incorrec
tly fitted.
• Inadequate electrode.
• Incorrect polarity.
• Welding cables not properly tightened to the
output terminals or false contacts in connec
tions.
• Machine not connected to the right supply
voltage.
5- TROUBLE-The fan does not work but the output
welding current is correct.
CAUSES • Defective fan motor.
• Interruption in the leads that supply power to
the fan motor.
• Fan motor fuse blown.
5.1
WELDING MACHINE SERVICING
Experience has shown that many fatal accidents originated
from servicing improperly executed. For this reason, a careful
and thorough inspection on a serviced welding machine is just
as important as one carried out on a new welding machine.
Furthermore, in this way producers can be protected from
being held responsible for defects stemming from repairs not
carried out by the manufacturer.
5.1.1
Prescriptions to follow for servicing
After rewinding the transformer or the inductance, the welding machine must pass the applied-voltage test in accordance with indications in table 2 of 6.1.3 of the EN 60974.1
standard (CEI 26.13).
Conformity must be checked as specified in 6.1.3 of the EN
60974.1 standard (CEI 26.13).
If no rewinding is done, a welding machine which has been
cleaned and/or reconditioned must pass an applied -voltage
test with voltage values equal to 50% of the values given in table
2 of 6.1.3. Conformity must be checked as specified in 6.1.3.
After rewinding and/or the replacement the no-load
voltage shall not exceed the values given given in 10.1
of EN 60974.1.
9
If the servicing is not done by the manufacturers, the repaired
welding machines which underwent replacements or modifications of any component, shall be marked in a
way such that the identity of the person having serviced
it is clear.
5.1.2 Instructions to be followed after all repair work.
Following any repair work, great care must be taken when
refitting cables and wires to ensure safe and proper insulation
between the primary and secondary sides of the machine.
When refitting wires and cables, ensure that wires cannot
come into contact with moving parts or those parts which
heat up during operation. Refit clips and straps in their original position and in such a way that any accidental cable
breakage or disconnection will not lead to a dangerous contact between the primary and secondary circuits.
Be careful in case of replacement of the machine front support, since it is locked by the transformer bolts.
6 SAFETY RULES CONCERNING THE USE OF
THIS WELDING MACHINE
6.1
INTRODUCTION
All people authorized to use this machine should read the
following instructions manual before using or servicing this
unit.
A reminder: YOUR SAFETY DEPENDS ON YOU!!!
Always follow all safety regulations and instructions when
using this machine. It is your responsibility to protect yourself and others against the risks related to the operation of
this welding machine. The operator must be familiar with
and observe all the safety rules regarding the safe operation
and maintenance of this welding machine.
NOTHING REPLACES GOOD COMMON SENSE !!!
6.2
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
6.2.1 Fire
• Avoid causing fires due to sparks, slag, hot
metal and spatter which are produced during
normal welding operations.
• Make sure that a suitable fire-extinguisher is located near
the welding area.
• Remove all flammable material within 30 feet of the welding area.
• Do not weld containers (tanks or drums) containing flammable material, even when empty. These must be carefully
cleaned before being welded.
• Allow the welded metal to cool down before touching it or
putting it into contact with flammable material.
• Do not weld structures with hollow spaces containing
flammable substances.
• Do not work in conditions where there are high concentrations of combustible vapours, gases, or flammable dust.
• Always check the work area half an hour after welding so as
to make sure that no fire has started.
• Do not keep any flammable material such as lighters or
matches in your pockets while using this equipment.
• The welding cables must not be used for current loads
which exceed their rated capacity. If the cables draw current
10
in excess of the rated capacity, overheating can occur which
will cause the rapid deterioration of the insulation which
covers the cables.
• Always ensure welding cables are adequately insulated.
• The connections between cables must be well tightened
and properly insulated.
• Frequently inspect the cables and repair any cuts or tears
that might be found.
• Keep all connections well tightened.
6.2.2 Burns
• Protect your entire body by wearing fire-proof clothing
This will protect your skin against burns caused by: ultraviolet radiation given off by the arc, sparks and molten slag.
• The protective clothing should include: gloves, a hat, and
high shoes. Your shirt collar and pocket flaps should be buttoned , and cuff-less trousers should be worn to prevent
contact with sparks and molten slag.
• Wear a helmet equipped with the appropriate lens shade
and a clear glass cover plate. This is imperative when welding, cutting, and chipping to protect your eyes from ultra-violet arc rays and molten spatter. Replace the glass cover plate
when cracked or covered with spatter etc.
• Do not wear clothing spotted with oil or grease as a spark
may set them on fire.
• Hot metal, electrode stubs and workpieces, should never
be handled without gloves.
• First-aid equipment and a qualified first-aid person should
always be available when welding, unless medical facilities
are in the immediate vicinity, to treat flash burns of the eyes
and skin burns.
• Ear plugs should be worn when working in the overhead
position or in confined spaces. A hard hat should be worn
when others are working overhead.
• Flammable hair sprays and gels should not be used by
those persons intending to weld.
6.2.3 Fumes
Welding operations produce harmful fumes and
metal dusts which may be hazardous to your health,
therefore:
• Work in well-ventilated areas.
• Keep your head out of the fumes.
• In closed areas, use a fume exhaust system, preferrably
placed under the welding area if possible.
• If ventilation is inadequate, use an approved respirator set.
• Clean the metal to be welded of any solvents or halogen
degreasers which give rise to toxic gases. During some
welding operations chlorine solvents may be decomposed
by arc radiation thus creating phosgene gas.
• Do not weld coated metals or those containing lead,
graphite, cadmium, zink, chrome, quicksilver, or mercury
unless you have an approved respirator set.
• The electric arc creates ozone. Long exposures to high
ozone concentrations may cause headaches; nasal, throat
and eye irritation; as well as congestion and chest pains.
WARNING: NEVER USE OXYGEN FOR VENTILATION.
• Gas leaks in confined spaces should be avoided. Leaked
gas in large quantities can dangerously alter oxygen levels
in the air surrounding the weld area. Do not place gas cylinders in confined spaces.
• DO NOT WELD where solvent vapors can be drawn into
the welding shield atmosphere or where arc rays can
come into contact with even minute quantities of trichloroethylene or perchloroethylene.
6.2.4 Explosions
• Do not weld above or near containers under pressure.
• Do not weld in environments containing explosive dusts, gases or vapours.
• This welding machine when used for TIG welding uses
ARGON gas to shield the arc. Special precautions must be
taken when transporting, handling, and connecting gas cylinders.
A) GAS CYLINDERS
• Never deface or alter the name, number, or other markings
on a cylinder. It is illegal and dangerous!
• Do not use cylinders whose contents are not clearly identified.
• Do not directly connect cylinder to the unit without using a
pressure regulator.
• Handle and use pressure cylinders with care and in conformity with existing safety standards.
• Do not use leaking or damaged cylinders.
• Do not use cylinders which are not well secured.
• Do not transport or move cylinders without the protection of
the installed valve and protective valve cap.
• Do not lift cylinders off the ground by: their valves or caps,
by chains, by slings, or by magnets.
• Never try to mix gases in a cylinder.
• Never refill a cylinder!
• Never lubricate the cylinder valve with oil or grease.
• Never allow an electrode to touch a cylinder!
• Do not expose cylinders to excessive heat, sparks, molten
slag or flames.
• Do not tamper with the cylinder valve.
• Do not try to loosen tight valves by means of a hammer,
a wrench, or any other object.
B) PRESSURE REGULATORS
• Keep pressure regulators in good condition. Damaged
regulators may cause damages or accidents. They should
be repaired by skilled personnel only.
• Do not use regulators for gases other than those for which
they were manufactured.
• Never use a leaking or damaged regulator.
• Never lubricate regulators with oil or grease.
C) HOSES
• Replace hoses which appear to be damaged.
• Keep hoses unwound in order to prevent kinks.
• Keep the excess hose neatly wound and out of the working
area in order to avoid damage.
• Cylinder fittings should never be modified or exchanged.
you are going to be welding.
Remember: the arc may dazzle or damage the eyes. It is
considered dangerous up to a distance of 15 meters (50
feet). Never look at an arc with the naked eye.
• Prepare the welding area so as to reduce the reflection and
transmission of ultra-violet radiation: paint walls and exposed surfaces in black to reduce reflection, install shielding
systems or curtains to reduce the transmission of ultra-violet rays.
• Replace protective lenses whenever damaged or broken.
6.2.6 Electric shock
Electric shocks are hazardous and potentially fatal!
• Do not touch live electrical parts.
• Insulate yourself from the workpiece and the ground
by wearing insulated gloves and clothing.
• Keep garments (gloves, shoes, hats, clothing) and body dry.
• Do not work in humid or wet areas.
• If you are welding near a body of water take precautions to
ensure that the machine cannot fall into the water.
• Avoid touching or holding the workpiece by hand.
• Should you work in a dangerous area or close to one , use
all possible precautions.
• Stop welding immediately if you should feel even the slightest sensation of electric shock. Do not use the machine
until the problem is identified and corrected.
• Often inspect the mains input cable.
• Disconnect the power input cable from the mains supply before replacing cables or before removing the unit
covers.
• Do not use the unit without protection covers.
•Always replace any damaged parts with genuine Cebora
spare parts.
• Never disconnect any of the unit's safety devices.
• Servicing of the machine must be done by qualified personnel who aware of the risks involved with the high voltage levels necessary to make the machine operate.
• Turn the machine off when it is not in use.
6.2.7 Pacemaker
Magnetic fields created by the high currents in the weld circuit can affect pacemaker operation. Persons wearing electronic life support equipment (pacemakers) should consult
their doctor before going near any arc welding, gouging, cutting, or spot welding equipment in operation.
6.2.8
Noise
These power sources alone do not produce noise
levels exceeding 80 dB. The Welding process, however, may produce noise levels in excess of 80 dB in
which case the machine take operator must take the necessary safety precations as prescribed by the national take
safety regulations.
6.2.5 Radiation
Ultra-violet radiation emitted by arc rays may
damage your eyes and burn you skin. Therefore:
• Wear proper clothing and helmet.
• Do not use contact lenses!! The intense heat created by
the arc may cause them to stick to the cornea.
• Use a mask or helmet equipped with lens shades that have
a minimum DIN rating of 10
• Warn people in the area surrounding the welding site that
11
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