Outdoor Carbon Dioxide Measurements for Demand Controlled Ventilation

Outdoor Carbon Dioxide Measurements for Demand Controlled Ventilation
Outdoor Carbon Dioxide Measurements
for Demand Controlled Ventilation
The outdoor CO2 level serves as a baseline for comparison to indoor CO2
concentration. The outdoor CO2 level directly impacts indoor conditions-if
the outdoor CO2 concentration level is 500 ppm, it is rarely lower indoors.
Selecting an accurate outdoor CO2 instrument is crucial for monitoring
outdoor levels.
Demand controlled ventilation (DCV)
helps to maintain good indoor air
quality while optimizing energy
consumption. In a typical set-up
only indoor CO2 levels are measured.
Ventilation controls are operated
based on the assumed outdoor CO2
level of 400 ppm. However, locally
elevated CO2 levels occur due to
CO2 emissions from transportation,
energy production and industrial
Ventilation guidelines, such as
ASHRAE, recommend indoor CO2
levels not to exceed the surrounding
outdoor concentration by 600 ppm.
Also, LEED guidelines suggest
providing an alarm when the indoor
CO2 level exceeds the outdoor level
by 530 ppm, or 1,000 ppm absolute.
Reliable correlation between indoor
and outdoor CO2 levels can only be
achieved by measuring both.
Measuring CO2 Outdoors
Knowing outdoor CO2 levels helps
when assessing indoor conditions.
During periods when the outdoor
CO2 level exceeds 400 ppm the space
may be over-ventilated. In order to
truly optimize energy consumption,
outdoor CO2 concentration should be
measured. The real time differential
between indoor and outdoor CO2
concentration can be used as a
control parameter.
High accuracy of the outdoor CO2
instrument is important. Typical
indoor CO2 instrument accuracy of
±50 ppm is just not enough for a true
reference. The outdoor instrument
should have an accuracy equivalent
to or better than ±2% of reading for
efficient real time CO2 differential
control. Moreover, as there are large
diurnal and seasonal variations in
outdoor temperature, the outdoor
CO2 instrument should automatically
compensate for temperature
Vaisala CARBOCAP ® Carbon Dioxide
Probe GMP343 for
Outdoor Measurements:
Outdoor CO2 sensors need to operate in varying
conditions. They have to tolerate rain, hail, snow, solar
radiation, dirt and dust, as well as temperature extremes
between -40 and +60 °C (-40 ... +140 °F).
Vaisala CARBOCAP® Carbon Dioxide Probe GMP343 has
been specially designed to take outdoor measurements,
• Accuracy of ±(3 ppm + 1 % of reading) at 25 °C (77 °F)
• IP65/IP66 housing classification for harsh environments
• Operating temperature range -40 ... +60 °C
(-40 ... +140 °F)
• Low maintenance need due to highly stable CARBOCAP®
sensor with built-in reference measurement
• Automatic compensation of CO2 readings for
temperature variations
• Possibility to compensate for pressure (site elevation)
Please contact us at
Ref. B211381EN-A ©Vaisala 2014
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